Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 6, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 6, 1867 Page 2
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Chicago tribune. DAILY, TBI-TYEEKLY AM) WEEKLY. OFFICE. No. 31 CLAUK*rjT. There ore tnrae f-emoa* of toe Tmbcs« t«*ned. Ist. Jrerr moralnr. Dr ctrealoUoa hr earner*, oew*ro«a ao£ toe cull*. V.fteTU'VXBiT, Moodayi, WM cf»l*r» tad Friday*, far the mill* only; «ad the ffmii, ot< Tbowtoj*, tot the mall* and **le at oar cons ter ami hr aewtmen. of the Chleoco Tribune n»Uy deUrercdln the «ty IT** w«»> S 55 ~ - - - (per quarter).... 3.33 Dally, to is ail robocribOT (per aocam, paya b e In adraace) ... • lljJO m tVeealj.iper aarnm. waste in adrancO 0.00 Weekly, (per anenn. payab e In advance) 3.00 tr Fractional parts of the year at the aaine rates. fW~ Peraoo# remiuin* and orderinc fire or more copies of cither the Trl-Wcekly or Weekly editions. Ksy retain tn per cent of the sahsortption price as a commission. Noncxro ScwcKißess.—to orderinc me eidreu ot yasr paper* ebanstd, to p revest delay, t>e sure ssd •perUy »tut Albion yon toko—Weekly, Tri*Weekly, or Dally. AUo, clve roar pobssst and future oddrm. t r Mosey, by Draft, Exprea*. Mosey ora-vt, or in Bettered Lotto*. beaeuiatonr risk. Address. TRIBUNE CO., Cfalcjuro, 111. SUNDAY. JANUARY C. ISC7. CBCBCH AND STATE. The Common Council Is engaged in adopt ing amendments to the City Charter, with a vlewol presenting them to the Legislature for approval. On Friday evening, in Com- mittee of the 'Whole, a proposition was agreed upon, which declares that “ the «* Council shall have power to appropriate **slo,ooo for the education, Ac., of any des ** tllutc children, such as would otherwise ** be inmates of the Chicago Reform School, ** who are confined, clothed, educated, and “ taught mechanical arts or trades la any ** other institution.” The object of this proposed section is to divide tbo public money now appropriated to the support of the Chicago Reform School, between that Institution and a similar institution under religions and sectarian con- trol. The institution referred to !■ one of the most useful and deserving char ities of the city, and is constantly doing much to alleviate sufferiag and to save va grant children from an evil and vicious life, and possibly from everlasting punishment. Nevertheless, the proposition to divide the funds raised by taxation for. the support of destitute and vagrant children, -with an; sectarian Institution, 'whether It be Protest* ant or Catholic, Jew or Greek, is, in our opinion, dangerous in principle, and con trary to the spirit and gerlus of our institu tions and laws. The freedom of religion and of conscience is the crowning glory of our Bepnbllc, and it can only be maintained by tbc most strict and absolute divorcement f of Church and State. To turn over any j portion of the money raised by common / taxation to support this, that or the other tyrteo of religious education. Is to engraft relisiuu npon the Government, very slightly, perhaps, but nevertheless effectually,. The city has established, and maintains at the public expense, an institution where desti tute vagrant children are clothed, main tained and educated- This is a duty which society owes to tbc unfortunate, and is, withal, a measure of economy, since it Is cheaper to educate such cbildien and in * struct them In a useful art, Uian to suffer the spoliations of such an army of vagabonds and criminals as these children might become, if neglected. But when the Government provides for the physical wauls of this unfortunate class, and -makes them master o! a trade by which they cun acquire an honorable living, nad Instructs them in the principles of common morality, and gives them a common education, it has per formed its whole duty. It cannot go farther. It Las no right, for Instance, to pay m *ney to make a Presbyterian, a Baptist, a Meth odist, or an Episcopalian. It has no m -re right to pay money to make a Catholic. All religions stand nposi • the same footing in this country —ail have equal rights, and none can be clothed with superior privileges without a violation of the fundamental doc? rim* of re ligious liberty and equality which exist- In perfection only in this country, ut’d winch cannot be too jealously guarded. The State —the people as a body politic—has no re ligion. That is leH to every man’s con science. The individual is the law to himself in this matter, and be can worship as he pleases or not at all, and the Government has u<* right to interfere with him. so loiisr a- he conforms to the laws of the land and commits no public offence. The Constitution has prohibited Congress from making sny Jaw respect it.g the establish ment of religion, or prohibiting . tbc free events* tijereof, and thi same great j i-'ca of religions toleration u. 5 I 1 ized in all the Slates. Every sect has its institutions of charity, in which the recipients of benevolence aie net only fed and clad, but Instructed in tbc tenets peculiar to ItscX This is to be com mended, as arc charity and good works everywhere; but such institutions must look to private contributions for support. :<ud not to tin* State. The State says to them: “En joy jour creeds unmolested, and exercise the godly spirit of charity in the mincer most conformable to your own consciences; that is a matter with which the Government can have no concern.” The 1 min-trial School is entitled to the same protection ard the same priviligcs extended by our laws to all religious and charitable institutions, and with tills it should rest content. The more of tlu- unfortunate children that it rescues from degradation and poverty, the more doc- it commend itself to the respect and admiration of all good men, and the more treasures docs it lay up tu Heaven. And pr« ci.-ply so with any other Christian school, whether culled by this name or that. If our various religious organizations would sup port and Instruct aWthe dostlfitoanrt vagrant eoddni:. then, haply, the Government would have none of the work to perform. 15..** s-o hr.g as it has a work to do in this matter, it should proceed without extending special privilege? to the adherents of any jnrlicnlar feet. If it is proper to give §IO,OCO ot this fund to a Catholic school, U is equally proper to give 510,000 to an Episcopal school, or a Methodist school, or a Uuiversalist school. Every sect might claim a pro rat.j share; and if the Baptists emiM show that they paid more taxo« than any oilier denom ination, then the Bapli-U would be entitled to a larger sum than any other. It is the duly of the city government to provide maintenance end proper in struction lor the vagrant and de titnte chil dren, and if the Uefoim School docs not ii:u’l ibis demand. It should be made to meet it. Bat the Government ba- no right to regntd children who are eared for and educated by the benevolence - and real 01 a 1 ••ligious s-ct as either “destitute” or ‘■vagram,” whether that sect be Jew or Gentile. Protestant or Catholic. It is the fin'orr, the forsaken, the outcast, whom neither Christian, Jew nor Mahomedan has taken under his wing, that the Government rescues from his want and misery, not more as an act of humanity than as a measure of wise public policy. We arc not unmindful of the fact that it is a tenet of the Catholic fiilth. that the highest form ofhuman endeavor is to save souls from heresy, and from the pains thereof. A like opinion is held- by s »mc of the Protestant Churches concerning their own foitn of faitb. Probably If the principle wets established that the holding of such be lief is a sufficient warrant for an appropria lion of public money to the Private schools or charitbs of such dcoomiuatiocs, there would Lc a much larger demand on the city treasury than could be met. A STATE CO.tVKM.OX, We have heretofore shown that the provi sion in the State Constitution restraining the people of the Sla'c from holding a Conven tion to propose amendments to that instru ment, was void of itself, aud therefore It was In the power of the Legislature to order a Convention, subject to the approval of the people. The Chicago Tbnet flippantly pro tests against the Convention, Insisting that as long as one man objects this cannot be done. It says: "If the triWe people of Illinois should deter mine lo remodel their Constitution by a method not authoi Ized In the exiting o-ganlc law. there would nr no one to question their right to d i so, provided they did not propo«e to coutraven: the federal compart. Bui if a minority, even an indi vidual citizen, should not enter Into that det*r mluatJon, that minority would have the right to object, and the faiinre or refu»al of the majority to respect this rignt of the minority would be an act of revolutionary despotism, puie and simple." The present Constitution of Illinois pro vides that no Convention to revise the Constitution shall be called in this State until two-thirds of both branches of the Legislature shall agree to submit to the people the question of a Convention or no Convention, at an election to bo held two years thereafter, when. If the people express their wish for -such a Convention, tbc next Legislature shall order tbc same. This provision recognizes that the power to amend the Constitution and to call a Con vention rest# exclusively in the people, and yet it U a restriction upon the people, reaching to the extent of vesting in a mi nority of the Legislature the discretionary power of permitting the people to exercise that right or not. The right to make, alter and abolish a State Constitution Is Inherent in the people of that State. So fir as it relates to their own Government as dis connected from the National Gov eminent, they cannot divest themselves of that exclusive authority and control over the matter. Individuals may forfeit by their crimes all political privilege*, but the peo ple, those who constitute the legal body of the Stale, be the number great or small, can not divest themselves of the right to make and unmake at pleasure any law or constitu tion made by themselves for their own ex clusive government. If the generation ol people In Illinois In IS4T could prohibit j themselves and those who were to succeed I them from amending their Constitution for 1 three years, they could have miJe that pro hibition ton, thirty or fifty yews, or could have made the prohibition a general one. The authority to restrain for a day necessa rily includes the authority to restrain for any lime, no matter how long; and U there any person such a delt as to insist that as Jong as mere Is one the State to object to a change, a Stale Constitution must remain the lrrcj>ealable and unchangeable law of the State? Yet that is the claim which the TUi*e» makes in behalf of the mi nority. Once admit that a majority may make a Constitution - which cannot Le changed, and the rights of minorities will be destroyed. It is one of the most cherished privileges of the minority that they can agi tate the repeal or amendment of unjust and oppressive laws, and this privilege would be a barren one, if, when that minority had be come the majority, they fonnd themselves tied down by an irrcpcalablc provision of law enacted by a former majority. This question is not a new one. It was decided in the case of New York years ago, where a majority of the people disregarding a similar restriction upon their rights, called a Convention, framed a Constitution, ratified It, and made it the law of the State. The legitimacy of that action has been passed upon, and there is no roan in Kew York or elsewhere who will question the validity of the proceeding. The people of this day may make a Constitu tion which will be the supreme law ot the State until it is amended, or changed, or abolished for another by Iho people; but there even the authority of the people *t »j e. They cannot take from themselves, nor from those who come after them, the like privi lege of amending the Constitution at pleas ure. Tbc essential point In a State Constitution is that it has proceeded from the people, and has been ratified by them. All else is matter of form. Whenever the people of this State by a formal rote of the majority urder a Con vention, that order is as authoritative as if it had the endorsements of a dozen Legislatures. Legislatures may order Convention?, bat unless the order be approved by the people It is worthies?. It is the popular sanction which elves validity to the whole proceeding, and the concurrence of the Legislature gives it no additional weight. The province ol the Legislature is merely to provide the forms for executing the express command of the people. Instead, then, of onr proposition that the Legislature designate on early day for an election at which the people may rote for or against a Convention, being a proposition to destroy tbc ‘‘rights of minorities,” It is a vindication of those rights, because it de nies and repudiates the claim set up by the Tunes, that a majority of one year may bind by an irrcpcalable and unchangeable law the minority and the whole people for all lime to come. We repeat the question, If the Legislature sbal. desig nate an early day for taking a vote of the people for or against Convention; and if the majority shall vote for the Convention and a Constitution shall be framed and for mally ratified by the votes of the majority of ihc whole people, who is there to dispute ihe authority of that Constitution ? Wo know that when the same thing was done in New York, there were persons who claimed that the consent of the whole people was neces sary ; but these factious and captious oh -1 jt clors were overwhelmed by judicial dc * cs.-ioi'e, and the objection sunk Into cou } temt’t. MTOIuE IT3ABE EAST. A petition is la circulation for the repeal ' ol a .-lalute of this State, belonging rather to trie feudal ages than to this century, which declares that “married women and “infante, who, in the judgment of lhe,medi- I “eai superintendent, are evidently Insane ! “or di-tiaeud, may he received and de-; “lalm-d ic the hospital on th&request of the : “ huel.aud, or the woman, or the parent, or “ guardian of the iniimts, without the evi dence of insanity or distraction required in “other cases.” it would perhaps require a search warrant to find out who Is meant by •• the woman ol the infants” spoken of in the ! section quoted ; but the general scope ol the . law U too plain to be misunderstood. If t Mr. John Smith docs not like his wife as well I as be ought to, and for any reason wants to j put her out of the way, without killing her, , and can get the Superintendent of the j Asylum to say he thinks she is “distracted,” I why, then, Mrs. John Smith must go into | the hospital and stay there, until her lord i and master and the medical officer see lit to Jet her out. Thus Mr. Smith gets, a prac tical divorce a tnn,ia it thoro, without the 1 rouble, expense or scandal of a lawsuit; and all the kind-hearted gossips of the neighborhood sigh over Hie unfortunate fate nt the raid John Smith, and extend their eytopaoncs WMm DCCHISC Ue lias* bad lii« wife tom >rom him by u painful dl.peusaiiou of l’ievidence, more dreadful than denlh W'c believe instances of tills kind have oc curred iu the Slate ol Illinois. Wo arc in formed that they hove, and we see nothing to prevent tiioni except the good disposition of hu&kands, and the integrity and sagacity of medical superintendents. TLo*e who have read the ins .lew wrt \ n-iuemhcr with w.ia; devilish cuimii'g the wicked Doctor urg)i«-<' Madair.oi&cllc dc Canhtvillo iutu tlui belief I: ui she w;i> insane ; and bow, by the com bination oi u number of fuels perlcrliy Inno cent and rational iu themselves, Uu makes out a cafeof “ distraction.” A cunning man might deceive cvm a Doctor, especially iflie bail bis confidence. A guardian could dr>- l-ose ol n troublesome ward iu the aaaio maimer, and avail Uimsulf of bis or her ab sciice to s-wadow up the estate. ■\Vc have no Idea the law in question is constitutional, but it certainly ougn: lo be re plac'd. It belongs to the dark age*. Ills devoid not only oi “woman's finlu--” but of human righte, and is a reproach to ourstit utc books. The pcliti<n for Us repeal La* signed by many leading citi aeiih, find no man will, we presume, refusa lo eigii it unless hu wants input biHo;»n wile into t be ;>y htiii. The Legislature, from sheer gnlla* try, should either repeal the law, or cast anew one giving the wife the same right to send her husband to the shv’um, if the decs not like lo live with U:m. « fX V JPLtXtli ASStiS.SU li. the lltt of amcndiuou:? to tbo i O’.j Charter, uduplct* in CoumHtoc of Hi; ; Whole, bj* the Common Council, there 1 nlutinj; to *j:ccml assessments lor improve* j uuuls whieh makes Mich a radical ch itige iu ihesystcia hilhtilo followed in this city, unit we think It must have escaped Che particular attention o! many who voted lor it. It jmo vidis that— Site. —. I'pon rccuiv inr an application fir tbe icsb.ng oi aii* improvuaicur, except sewer* and ina’H t ipir. Oie doit g of which ti w.lh u ;t:i* „is* eft Hoc one ccatr.l gt the municipal government <1 !*>d city. Hie kiiq borne shall proce.il to in»ie* iisatv the tftUio; and it they shah determine that inch improvement is nece.*eary and proper, they fta't .Oj.ort the itatce to the Common loQuch, ac .»m-jautd with a bUteuieat of the expense then of, and a proper ordinance or order di:cciia? the work, and aha It lu t-uen estimate specif*- how uiucncr said expense, iutbeir opinion, may pc propeily cbartcatile o real estate especially uea* child by t-ueu itupiov* merit, and how much theie ot may be ptopeny chvgeatile to and paid oat of die scuctal tnttd.gr cut of the proceeds ol any ititial tax auilittiixcd to he kvitd by ta.d c.ty. l-avine repomd cc *>ncb application, ami icconr- OHiiuii c that the improvement be made, oriio*a.*- pioving of ihe divine ui it, as is provided lor iu the above mcutli-ned act, the Common C-.macil iooy then. In chtcr cose, order the doing of such walk or ihe making ot such puMic improvement, jlitr bavirg obtained from such Hoard an e.-u --mate o' ths ezpetiao ibrrcof; and shall iu such o.drrtpc !?v w rat amount oi said estimated ex* prr.<c .'hali hucharseahle to and paid ont oi the : ]>>• cec.ls of the cei.eial rued or out of the urJ cccd* Of any general tax authorised to be levied bj said city.” TLi» is a provision to saddle upon ihff w hole city the of making improvements that ate essentially local, and the expense of which, in all like cases, has hitherto been paid by the properly especially benefited. The elfcct is to transfer from a comparatively few persons, to the general public, the expense of all street and other Improvements. The South Division and a portion of tbc Weit Division, have, at great expense to the property-holders,paved a number ol streets, opened new streets, and otherwise made permanent Improvements. The expense of all tills lias been huge, mud has been borne exclusively by the owners of the property directly benefited. There Is hardly an instance,we suppose,where the pro perty thus taxed with the cost of such work, has not been increased in value five times the amount of the tax, and generally the proportion is much greater; and the rule of assessment has given general satisfaction. , The Common Council now propose to tub (dilute another system, whereby the benefit of grading or paving a street shall be ad justed between the owner of the property on that street and tbcgcnenil public who may have to use it. For instance, they propose to pave a street one mile long, at an expense of SIOO,OOO. Iho property on that street will lie increased in vulue three times that sum by the improvement; but the Council pro pose that they shall have the power to tax the whole city for one-half the cost of that work on the plea that the whole city, having the use of thestxvet, moat be equally benefit ed by the Improvement. If the city had tbc means to pave every street in Chicago, thereby addiugtothevalueofall the proper ty alike, tbcic would, perhaps, be a reason tor avoiding special assessments, and paying for the whole out of tbc general fhnd. But when one-third of the city has been im proved ot the cost of the qwners of the real estate fronting on such paved streets, b It just to tax that same property over aga*n to pay for paving other streets ? The owners of property on South Clark street have paid for the paving of that street, from Lake to Twelfth street. Is it honest or fair to tax them again for paving North Clark street? Ycl that is the direct effect of the proposed amendment to tbc Charter. Another proposed work la*to deepen and widen the river in order to Improve the dockage. These docks are not owned by the, city «atc at the etds or streets, bat by private corporations and Individual}*, end pay largo rentals. Is it Just to tax the ca tiro propory of Chcago in order to increase the value of lots fronting on the river, by improving Ihim as docks? Let the owner* of those docks, where property la to be In creased in value, and whoso rents are to be doubled by the . improvements, pay the expense, and not lax the entire properly of the city for their especial benefit. Streets will not bo improved until such time as the property fronting thereon will be directly benefited by the work. The work will always be dono with special refer* coco to the Interest of the property-owners. Why then should any portion of the expense be paid (tom a general tax; and why should U not bo paid by those espe cially interested in It ? We know that theCouncllbave discretion nry power to refuse any appropriation from Ike general fund for sack Improvements; but who does not know that tbc effect will be that all these works will be made charge able, In whole or In part, to the general Aind? We have sixteen wards snd thirty-two Al dermen. The moment that one Alderman proposes a work in bis precinct, to bo paid for out of tbc general fund, that moment every other Alderman will, from the natural demands of bis constituents, have a like work, to be paid for In a like manner. No Aldeiman will vole to pay out of the general fund for a local improvement, not In bis own ward, unless be can obtain a like measure for his own constituents; every measure will, therefore, be dependent foriU success upon ■the number of other like measures which arc oUo to be adopted, and thus, in tbc cod, the whole system of improvements will become a charge upon the general fond, creating a general annual tax that will be appalling In Us magnitude. There is one point where the city might In terpose the general land in place of special assessments ; and that is where a street or alley has been Improved at the special cost of property -owners, it might Justly be kept in repair, partly at the expense of the city, to which In fact the work has been donated by those who originally paid for it. We hope the Council will review their ac tion upon this matter, and let the rule of asset aments for special improvements remain a ilk. THE HABEAS CORPUS ACT. John Wentworth seems to be dcmogoglng heavily on tbo Senatorial question. His speech In the House of Representatives on Friday last, was an attempt to couple Judge Trumbull with the Supreme Court decision in the Milligan case, in such manner as to hi lug the latter Into disrepute among bis political friends. Mr. Wentworth over-esti mates his own political consequence, and nndcr-estimates the intelligence of the peo ple of Illinois, if he Imagines that his speech on the Habeas Corpus Act, or his motion to t epcal that law, will have the intended effect. He says that the real blame of the decision in the Milligan case rests with those who passed the Habeas Corpus Act, and that tbc Judges could not have decided otherwise than as the} did. There is the usual mix ture of bcnsc and nonsense in Mr. Went woith’s remarks. Undoubtedly the decision of the Court was correct. That is not what the people are concerned about. They arc looking at tbc obiter dictum which was at tached to tbc decision, and which might have been attached to any other decision as well. The history of the Habeas Corpus Act, ns shown in the Congressional Globe, thirty seventh Congress, third session, is as follows : r.orsE or Rcrnc.-nxTATivts, Decembers, l-’i 2, y.~- Stevens, of Pennsylvania, gave no tire of bis intention to introduce a bill “to indemnity the President and other persons for t-m-pi-nding the privilege of the writ of boU'•» roq;w, and acts done In pursuance thereof.” Dec. S, Mr. Steven* introduced the afore said bill, (U. H-, No.oiU.) Mr.VAUANimi- jeeted to the second reading of the bill Tbc question wa> then put, ‘‘shall the hill be rejected?” and it was decided In the ■negative. Mr. Stevens moved that it he made the special order for Thursday next. • Mr. Vai.lam>igham objected. Mr. Stevens • then moved that the bill do pass. After be ing lead the bill was pasted ; yeas 00, nays 43. Senate, December *J, the bill (11. R. No. m) was received and reterred to the Com ’ mittee on the Judiciary. January 15,1803, Mr. TnrMBfLL, from the Committee on the Judiciary, reported Ha bit! (11. R. No. old) with an amendment. Af ter d«hate, Mr. Sukuman moved a .Jurth.'; amendment, providing that civdian prison ers shall be brought before a Judge of the United States within ten days alter their ar rest on a writ of /n fn ii* fOiji-x*. Mr. Wilson moved to amend the ann-ndmeut by insert ing thirlv days ins-lead of ten days. Mr. amendment was agreed to, and Mr. Bincmimeut wn men a green to by yeas2J, nays 17, Mr, TruntbaH voting in the January 27, the bill 01- U- No. 501 j passed, yiCs-Sl, nays 7. llof.-E or Representative*, February 10. The H«.us* non-eoncinn-d in the Senate*? amendment to the hill (11. R. No. 551) aud asked for a (‘otumUlce of Conference, to which the Senate assented. Messrs. Stevens, Bingham and Pendleton were \\‘:;u Jer- apj oiiitvd of the Committee of ( uiuoiciice uu ilu’ j*art of tbo Uousu. and TiiL'.jnrj.i-, Coi.lamck and Wilujv <•11 ibc i«rt oi tin* Sc.iUlc. March 2, Mr. STr.\tss* presented to the iiouM* the report of the Committee of Con- Krcuce ou the bill (il. It. No. ,Wi), and it kv.s u greed to—yea* HO, nays 44. Jduirhg, Mr. Tiumuull presented to the derate the fume report, and It was ngreed to without adivMm:. Matcadl. the Private Secretary of the Pres- lihui announced that t c Prciidsnl of tbc United stale* hud approved the bill of the l.ou c. No .Vdl. «lie t itrrmcy C{nr».tinn-llr, .tlcrnl iiidiv Fuller. Cuicaco, January 3.15C7. iV-iioi« Chicago Tribune; i ; its gljti to nos'ivo l» your valuable pap'T l v -bmic ; or article* which hive appeared from tir.se iu time upon tl>u Insane ami suicidal course of Secretary McCulloch.ln which you Lave showed the stupid lolly oi cbr.tiacdng the uoi.dmercet paylrp inctubacks, leaving undisturbed tin com- P >uklb upon whu-h the Government is ptying a l.usty icloiest. li is iiko a lira), harm? paper oik uj.cn uhkii they putd no hitcicat, as.d winch th i.eU ers did not desire paymci'l of—scuuiog ana ra. lug o.T such paper, wMlea large amount or tlcir inecctciintss upon which ih-y were pa; log interest wa» left to run no. We aU Lnow the. t.o goal basin'.>>s man would pursue inch acjur*c. a; »l first oi si! pay Ire paper drawing InVro;. it would be an pvu.euco ofawaut of business ns: acity. T*.v >aitis that Mr. Mc 'nllrch has shown him* s*!t a uau cue. Jy ut.tlt fjr hi* pa I'loa, and ha* not been guihy of one ael • lilch wcnM co to show It m to be a man of financial ability, or evidence that be is abls to jrni«n and comprehend Hie mag* nhudeoflte mtrre'tslitrnstcdio Ids charge. As cn Indiana tiauUci, be might have maintained a fair iep"Ut on. bat wlnm called f.otn that position to Un-iaiportain me ho now hold", be was placed In an OiTce fir which he is nitcHy unfitted. Evcubc icue he left Indians— onu of bis last acts, fresh in lie mmo of every banker, was tbe Isaac of aiiam np manifesto (issued ai the commac.- ment of ibe war, when some banks bad already suspended), in wb.ch he abound tbe public that the State Bank of rndiaua lud received her cha;- tcrficm the legislature, ami had agreed to pay sprcic, was able to do >o, and assuredly won il r.i>i tut-sx-ud hut pay specie upon her hills. The lew on ti is document was bard'y cold when they dirt suspend with mil vau ta c com—since sold at isir rates oi premium, no doubt. TI ta promise and assurance is about as good as others uchae made since, and about a* sensible. uis career as Secretary was opened 0~ hia spoech at For: Wayne—a fpo ch nucs'U-d t-r, in tarle. aud without a ureredmt, and wbirb cost the people milliocs of il.'C.sr-, *n>l horn the«dec! of wnich it was mjolhs before wc n covered. Vtc I are bad abort enough or these empty pmms«i* and prediction, winch all financier# know to be utterly impiacllrablc for any other purpose than to disturb the financial peace of the conrtiy acil a’arm the lltnld. the decrease in in come srceivid from miles sad taxes hcais nu tßUtalsbloevldiT.ee of hu profundity ana wis dom a-* a statesman tn the course be is pai-ulnc. The lau is we owe a larec octal, contracted «itn gold at £OO ana over, and before we ever come to specie we fticuld reduce this deb’ and pay oT a large amount l-i something near the r-atae value. I>o we wish to raise this oebtto specie and then strocxle order Itr. burden as we slall assuredly do, though mofl of u* ro not icallze it at the rrisect, as ilc effects will cot be made mtmf.st for som--luue! Had Mr. McCulloch, upoi enter ing his oClco said w»at, to most men who h-re given the subject patient thought, is evident, tbit we had ore thousand million* of c irroory against ihr.e hurdred and fifty millions before the war, si a list th«- hnsin>£B of tbecoantrr ought to jroic ■ p to it with ptospcrl'y, the development of orr resouiccs, a railroad to the Pacific, the opening oftle rich mme* of Denver and Colorado, aa indax of population—and a feeling of stability among the people-bat a lev rears could intervene be fore one thousand millions would be to more than thu-c hundred and flf.y million. was before the war. In the mean lime cold would gradually tail, and we would find ourselves at specie payment without any vlokulcontraction. andTrlthfbebusi* net* of the country undisturbed, having in the mean time reduced our debt handsomely. Who dentals It? Conceive thcdlSVrtuee in the eiTcct of •he two policies. Under bis course he ba« nos'll* tUd the Unstress of the country, slupaedaUmr enterprises, and Induced the moneyed men to sit idle with their capital, loaning U upon call in tue great money centres, aud nltcrly unwilling to place it In any other position bora the uncertain ties cf the future. Utter folly m.d madness! We of the West hare badenongh oflL Tbc eyes of the people are be ginning to be opened, and they demand If this man mutt remain that all power for further evil shall he taken from him. Wc hare paid enough. We a*e even now lust emerging Torn one ot bis fails in prices and vi called tor —suie to bo followed In J ranary by an upward board in values. I hop* Consre 4 * w’ili have the good sense to pat on the brakes and give the country some evidence that »e are not to I e the foi'ihall lor Wall street clique* and va'f tenor** of *pees** paymerU '• nlcb stealing way In (ho falsie. Ill* | olicy canted oat ufall if rum srd ot ly .a - o. I haw wilt: u along article or 1 could show wild* Mr. VcCliHoch well know*—lha great dif ference between a bank I<V the Stale Oink of Indian* t-r üblo. or the old New Earla-.d Banks rrovlr.trp lur acu rcd'vcibij Xbclr lulls or a sy* tun 1 1 .-* o r National rank* doing the «ame. Our National Hanks arc cood and sound, ard tie enru-j c* ol be country is all right If we can otivteiid cf iheJlt'*e r * «»*rt rre'ena If they wll; give the people a chance vfh bc a**cranee of a settled policy, they will bring It cut all right is future. A Mkh coast. ro-. Grove Lawrence, of Syracuse, *bo was appointed by Governor Morey, to ISOS, first Jn<igc oi the Coart of Common Fleas for Onondaga Cotm’y, died on Saturday last at the ag? of 71 year*. Be waa in the United States Army In ISI9, and In the militia was promoted through anccc*. stve grades to the rank of Brigadier General, which be held for several years. THE RATIONAL BANKS. Greenbacks rersns Legal Tenders. Effcctnf SobatllnUng Local Tender* for National Bank Imam-Tbe Loan and Lain Oonnldertd—Some Aea View* of tbe Subject, [Editorial Correspondence of the Chicago Tri bune.] New Vodk, January S, 1377. It can not be denied that plausible and captivating reasons are offered in favor of the proposition to oblige the National Banks to withdraw and redeem their notca In cir culation, and to fill the vacuum thus created with a new issue of legal tenders. It is speciously argued by tbe advocates of the scheme, that “the Government Is paying the banks eighteen millions annually for a currency redeemable in legal tenders (and consequently theoretically inferior to green* backs,) when the Government itself could furnish a better currency tor nothing, and thereby save to the tax payers $18,0(W,000 a year, now given to the honks without con sideration.” It must be admitted that very many Re publicans who have not reflected deeply on the subject, and a large majority of the Dem ocrats, favor a substitution of legal tenders for National Bank notes—the Democrats out of traditional antipathy to whatever is called “National Banks,” ana others for the economical reasons above stated. We take it lor granted that no Republican I wonlo advocate a discontinuance of the Na tional Banks, if be thought it would impair the credit of tbe Government or injure the financial interests of the country. Let ns take a fair, impartial and candid survey of the effect and consequence, on the national welfare of the people, of forcing the Nationalßanks to retire their notes from circu lation, and consider whether, on the whole, the country would be the gainer or loser by the operation. No one can object to this test, or to a fair balancing of the profit aud loss of the matter. In the first place, it is a gross error to suppose that If the bank notes were with drawn, tbe Government could Issue $300,000,000 of greenbacks to fill the vacuum, without inflating or increasing the currency in circulation. The banks are obliged by law to keep In their vaults a reserve of twenty-t.ve per cent in legal tenders on the I amount of their notes ; n circulation, and on | their deposits received. The deposit ac count of tbe National Banks is very mnch larger than their notes in circulation, as rbown by their quarterly statements. Their account stands in round numbers as follows: Notes in circulation, $300.000,000; deposits received, $5t53,010,5T0. In the large cities the deposit account fis twice to thrice os great as the notes in cir culation, while among the country banks the notes about equal the deposits; but, taken in the aggregate, the deposits arc nearly doable the circulation of bank notes. The banks are obliged to keep locked up and withdrawn from chculatioo, legal ten ders to the following amounts; Twenty five per cent to protect note-holders, iSo.OOO.UOO; twenty-five per cent to protect depositors, $141,009,000; total greenbacks field in reserve, $210,000,090. If the notes of the hanks were all withdrawn, of coarse this $310,000,000 of legal tenders would pass into circulation, leaving only room for $64,000,100 of new greenback* to fill the whole space previously occupied by the $300,000,000 of bank note?. TheGovemhient would, therefore, gain by the withdrawal oL the hauk notes less than ous-thlid as much as Is popularly supposed. Instead of caving the interest on three hundred millions of bonds, computed ut eighteen millions, it I would only save the Interest on us many | bonds as $64,000,000 of greenbacks would purchase. Quoting the Elve-Twentlcs at ibeii present market value, ihc purchase of bonds would amount to $80,099,000, and the Interest saved thereon, $4,599,090, instead of SIS,(XX),OOO, as popu larly supposed. Bui the saving of Interest would not be even this sum, because only a part of the bonds pledged by the hanks for the redemption of their notes draw six p*-r cent interest. Of the $310,5‘.53,150, which »he Treasury holds as security for the rc «b mpi lon «*f National Bank notes, $190,900,000 me in iO-40’3, which draw hut live percent hUvrct-l. And five per cent- on $s‘»,000,000, - ailing the 10-40? par, amounts to $4,200,000; r.i d this is absolutely all the Government could save ii> interest on the national debt by obliging the National Banks to retire the litt dollar of their circulation, and to fill whatever vacuum would he thus creaed, with greenbacks. Tbe assumed eighteen millions of saving thus shrinks, before the hard touch of facts, to a little more than four millions. IVc might s-afely rc*t the esse here, nut will proceed w itlrthe survey a few bteps further, as tire inquiry is au important one, ami tbe public can not help focliug interested :« me Mitycet. Under the present Kinking'law, the Na tional Banks must pay one per cent a year >ui their notu» In circulation, one-half per cent on their average deposits, onc-hai: per cent on their capital above amount invested •u Ur.ited Stab’s bonds, and, in addition to these three taxes, they must pay a license ol'two mU.s on their capital—the license of iio bank to be les> than one hundred dollars. Let us f«ot these various items and see what .mutant the National Sauk.-, are pouring into the Treasury iu compensation for their bank ing privihgea under the law : oi.c per coot on 4&V,lt.<u, 00-j crc.il jtion.s?,Coo.i*V i Orluli per cent ou^^jlU.o.fdeito.- its i,;17,0UJ :! v-ba I pot cent- on capr ai iu cxc.-d3 ui CidU-tt JMatoj buud. J , Si'.STS «o tn!U license tax oa ciuitai of 541.V-7{?,WiU S'W.Kti foitl back lure* Sd.sr.v-C' The taxes paid during liio il-ca! year cud* lug June llOih la->t. were less limn above, Realise Itio clrcv.bt'iin, deposits and capl* tal of the banks were much less loan now Cut lionet forth the bunks will pay not ice .ban seven millions of taxes per annum, aud, .»s their capital and deposits increase, to wi.l ;lie amouui ol revenue which the Govern’ tiiciit nil] duive from them. Here, then, we find that the banks ate citing the Government for their notes 000, and arc paying into the Treasury £7.000,100 or their banking franchises and pin Urges. In other words, it thu National Uauks were to retire from the lleld. and withdraw llitir circulation, and let the Gov- ■•rmnei.t fill the vacuum cu-atcd thereby. It would save five percent ml*;: cst *u coo.iXP.OjO, simuummir to $4,350,0W, and would lo*e £”.ri'o,ooo of taxes now being collected from .he National Banks. This is what the Gov* cninicnt—ould galn(?) by monopolizing the notcd*suing business. But we may he met here with the criticism that the loss to the revenue would only be the So,UX),(X)Oof taxes on circulation. Even if this were true, it whittles down the $4,250,000 aforesaid to $1,250,000 ; and we might ask. Would It be wise to disturb the whole banking system of the United States for the doubtful charce of saving $1,250,000 on currency In the course of a year? But tbo Government will inevitably lose all or thegnatcr portion of the $4,000,000 taxes now received ou deposits and capital. Lot Congress force the National Banks to retire their notes from circulation, and very few or none ot them will rc‘aln their charters. In t-rder to redeem their circulation they will l nvc to sell their bonds deposited in the United States Treasury. The Government holds the following amount of bonds for the redemption, first of the notes in circulation, and, second, for the partial security of depositors, viz: Cords held by the United states Ttchmiict.... .. ..... Notes in chcuUUon. ?JmU!LSI9 Sni).los bonds. Aflcr the circulation is all redeemed, there w ill still be left, for the protection of dc posilors, the forty to htty millions of sur plus holds, and the two hundred and fifteen millions of reserve legal tenders, besides the proceeds of all the discounted paper, and other capital ol the banks. Bat, the banks having gone into liquidation, and paid off all their to note holders and depositors, and collected their debts and sold their bonds, there w ill then exist no further con nection with the Government. The lost lig ament will then be severed that Kept them under control of Congress and the Bank Commission. For the stockholders to re* fume business under their charters would be foolish and absurd, as it would subject them to nn onerous federal taxation on their capi tal and deposits, while, at the same time, they would be heavily ascessed by the State, county, city and township authorities tor all sorts of State and local purposes. Bankers are not in the habit of voluntarily paying extra h.xcs, and those who think they would resume business under their national char ters for the purpose of paying four to five millions of taxes into the Federal treasury, are grievously mistaken. The stockholders of cot one back in a hen dred would think of working under their na tional charters after their bonds were sold, their notes redeemed - and their depositors paid off. The whole system would pnicti tally end with the retlracy of their circula tion. and the banking act itself would be re port Vd by Congress very soon thereafter. What Dun would be tbc financial condi tion uf afl'airs? What fiscal agents would substitute the defunct National Banks ? The currency of the country would then be ex clusively legal tenders. Tbc stockholders of the late National Banks would Invest their capital variously—each man to suit himself. Private banks, or shaving shops, would spring up like mushrooms. The rates of in terest would be whatever the money lenders coaid get, just as it was before the National Banks were established. One and a half to twoperceut a month would be the ruling and customary rates for those who needed money very badly. The necessities 01 the borrower would determine the depth of the shave. Capitalists who had not time nor incliaa- lion to ruu private sharing ahopi, would club their funds and t>ct up business under old Stale charters, and, like the “cellar sharks,” take all the inlet esl they could get, but do it with more circumlocution, red lapo and show of respectability. Thera would be no longer any Government control or regulation over the business of banking. The nolo holders would be safe enough, but depositors would have no other security than generous confidence. There would bo no forty odd millions of bonds on deposit, and 215,000,000 oi legal tender reserves on which to fall back on in the event of a financial panic, or a run on the banks. It would be the good old era of wild-catting restored, when the rule was, u every man for himself, and the devil take the ■hind most.” It would be quite safe UTe& nrjrtttT that the rale of interest In the United States would be Increased (hresmfper cent in consequence of the destination of our admirable National Banking system. The bank loans and discounts in the Uni ted States, Including savings banks, trust and loan companies, and private banks, amounts to one thousand millions of dollars. It may be much more, but cannot be less, os the discounts ot the National Banks'are two thirds of that sum. Three per cent on this amount is thirty millions a year, which the public would have to pay more thaii they now do for bank accommodations. The notes and bonds held by creditors against debtors, for personal and real estate sold, and moneys advanced on mortgages, will, at the very lowest, amount to flilccnTiundred millions of dollars ; and the abolition of-the National Banks will certainly have the effect of raising the Interest on such debtors at least one per cent, or an aggregate of fifteen millions of dollars per annum In the United Slate*. Let ns now post the hooks, and ses how the account stands: The Government wifi csin by extin guishing the National Banks 6 per cent interest on 15j,000,000 of K-io bonds £1,250,000 F*r contra: flie Government will Joee: Taxes on National Banks 7,000,000 Gain, “over the left”, *4,730,000 The public will pay on Bank discounts a per cent extra interest 30,000,000 Debtors will {pay on notes and mort- gages extra Interest 1 per cent. Gross loss. A farther sum should be added to these figures to represent the losses that wouTcTbc suffered by depositors by the continual “failures” of the shaving and shiaplastcr shops which would take the place of the National Banks. The rated of Interest paid by manulac- Hirers, merchants and produce buyers arc necessarily charged on the cost o£4he. goods sold, and subtracted from the price paid for products. The farmer, mechanic, laborer and professional man are, therefore, directly interested In keeping the rates of interest on discounts to business men as low as possible, for on the four classes named ninety-five per cent paid will finally fall. The merchant may negotiate the rate of interest with the money lender, bat the raisers of produceami i lie consumers of goods must pay it in the cud. I have not yet considered, or even alluded to, the probable effect on the value of Federal Securities, and on the credit of the Government, It would have for the bunks to withdraw their *1)41,000,000 of bonds deposited in Washing ten, and to throw them on the market for sale. This is a very important and delicate nr&nch of the subject, which I fear has not been properly taken Into account by the ad vocates of the extinguishment oftheNatinn al Banking system. I have shown that the Government could only take up SSS,OOJ,(XK) of 10-40, or $50,000,000 of 5-tiO bowls with the i.--vp legal tenders It could Issue to fill the vacuum that would be created bj the re tirncy of the National Bank notes. _XL£s would leave upwards of two hundred aud filly millions of bonds to he sold to other classes oi capitalists than the stockholders of the National Banks. Could it bi d- nc without serious depreciation of the federal Securities, attended by a similar* dipreda tlon of greenbacks, for the value of the latter 1? governed by the value of the »p»er? The capitalists connected with the National Banks, would cease to lie heavy hollers of National bonds. They would have no special pecuniary Interest in supporting the credit of the bonds except to the extent the same might affect the value of greenbacks. The powerful, organized Influence of the banks, at all events could aud would no longer be actively enlisted in maintaining, defending and promoting the cicdit of the National securities at home and abroad. I am'firmly oft he belief that the ur.rket value of the bonds would seriously 'depredate, and the credit of the Government suffer for sqgie years at Bast, In consequence of abolishing the support of the National Banks. Each man mind judge for himself how much iu. jury this would inflict on the counlryr-Tt was the opinion of Chief Justice Chase, who < rtgtnnted the National Bank system, tlftt \< Ithout their actl*e neip idq t&c radii they extended to the Trows .i»y during the war/he never could have pro vided the lands required to put down thc-tw hellion. There remains one further aspect of this subject which must not be passed over in silence. The extinguishment ot the National Bonks would be quickly followed by a rcslo latlon of the old multitudinous and miscella- neous systems of State banks. The National Banks would hardly bo wound np before an agitation would begin In the Eastern States, hevir g Us centres In New York, Dost on.Phil .idclphia and Washington, for the ro-ustab libhment of the former State banks. The pressure that would be brought to bear on Cniigres.-. would be tremeudous. Board* oi Trade, manufacturers, importers, wholesalers and retailers —in abort all business circle* >7ould unite in the demand :or the restoration •d'Siatu banks. They would be impelled to ibis course to escape from tho greed/, mire -Trained rapacity of the shaving shops and money lendeis who would skin them alive. The legislatures o>' all the Eastern and sonic • •ft he‘Western and Southern Stales would quickly chart erStatebauks of Issue, and vote instructions} to their Representatives and Mna’ois in Congress to repeal ail taxes, re -trlctious and unfriendly legislation hereto fore imposed on such institutions, and lids folly and blindness not to see that Congress would grant the request of the commercial classes thus hacked hy the legislative bodies, and would either withdraw two or throe hundred millions ot Lval tenders to make room for the new Issues, or allow the State hanks to Inflate the curreucy to that extent. This »onnlry will not consent to get along without some system t f banks of issue. That much Is ccrtab', and scorns to be necessary to the modern mode o; transacting business. The real quest on ; hen is, shall the banking and currency of this nation be u-der the control and subject to the regu'atlous of the snpi erne National Government, or shall they be left to the management dlscrciioiT'S'&2L caprice of forty provincial governments? Shall there i o for:y system* o: banking and curr i cy, cr one u dformNit rnal system? Shall the m< ncy In circulation have equal value throughout the broad limits of the Re public? or shall it have as many qnotations os there are States? Shall it be based and secured cu the properly and credit of the whole Republic? or ouly on miscellaneous local stocks or Individual solvency ? Shall the depositor and note-holder be secured, or only the latter, partially t Who wants to re vive the pe»icfL-wbcn ccntiterfeUers, conn* terfeit detectors and broken hank ehover* flourished uud prospered T This country tried for a quarter of a centu ry the miscellaneous systems of State bank ing which succeeded the abolition of the ofd United Stales Bank, which never redeem its notes or pay Us depositors *' wet \ do not believe thst the people would now voluntarily tschaugc the National for the State banking system'. The are not hanker ing for a return of the wild-cat, xeditlagf' blue-pup period which cursed the country from the day the old United States Bank was abolished uutil the prefect system of Na .ionsl banking was Instituted. This country oos tiled all systems ot hanking and currency,' and tho present one seems to be better adapted to the wants of the people, and unites more benefits ard less tril, more security to note-holder and depositor, and more firmness and solvency, with ample accommodation to tbc public, tban/my other system yet devised ;;nd tried- - Suppose wc conclude to lot well enough alone, for a while, at least. .? 41,749,531 An Amaduz Scene, An English paper describes an amusing c*trUnierup», which occurred on the 24th ult. at the Th-atre Royal, Portsmouth: After the drama of ” Faust,” a piece was produced entitled “The Slave’s Revenge *’ the two leading characters being a slave and a planter. In the course of the play tho slave is turned over to the planter who Is Eretty liberal io the use of the lash. * A num lt of teamen belonging to her Majesty's ship Hector were seated In the pit, and It was observed that tbev did not appear to’ relish this state of things, watching the movements 'of the two with au£ I: ns looks and of dtannro ballon. At length- the slave is sen posed to be laid insensible, and the brutal p.antcr to about to spurn him with his foot when one of the seamen could stand it no longer, but leaped upon the sta<*e. nut ting himself la a fighting attitude, and hi* appeal luce so startled the planter that he mad*t bis exit from the stage as qnlcklv as possible, leaving the tar in undisturbed pos session. Tho sai’or looked upon the matter as a reality, for he loudly cxc.aimed,‘*Kick a man when he to down; not If) kpowlt'” and taking up the astonished slave in his arms as caremlly as if he was a baby, be quietly debited him in the wings. This strange incident excited no little commotion in the well filled house. The enrtaln was lowered, and U was not until Jack had been appeased by the ftj-seriion of the slave that he liad not been ill treated, that be retired from the stage and allowed the play to pro ceed. The lelaad Brother* have leased Ut; EcTaraa Boose, at Albany, fur tec yean, at an annua! rent oi K>S,«W. THE W ORLD OF AMUSEMENT. Music, (he Drama, and Literature. The New Wear—'The iiperm-lts Failures and f>ucc«»*oft-Pro>pccu Next Winter —The Philharmonic society and Dead Frogs—An It scape from Its Trouble* Proposed—fcom© plain Talk about the Bis Organ—An Actor Dias raced— Indecency at a Premium—Profits of the “Black crook”—Decay of flhuie In New York—Foreign yiusleal News _ Literary Gossip Bistort New Year’s Calls—A Surprise Parly on Fourth Avenue. RditoraChicago Tribune; I might say a great deal about the sands of time ; the great ocean of the past; the old gentleman with the scythe and hour glass; the dim horizon of the future ; the surges of eternity,and all those pretty tropes and meta phors to which the papers treat us each Now Year’s Day. But I won’t. The New Tear, however, Is one of peculiar solemnity to me. 1 sec in It necessities of further acquaintance with my tailor, shoe maker, butcher. Internal Revenue Collector, and ethers of those pleasant individuals whose autographs arc- so hard to obtain. I am also reminded that lam a year nearer tothatlappy time of pipe, dressing-gown, rheumatism, slippers, gout, chimney cor ner and grandchildren, when Mrs. Smiley will pinch my legs and throw cushions at me; when I shall bo au fait on the weather, growl at the degeneracy of 11*00, and eulo gize the good old days of ISC7, the year of the tunnel and van orcas. I have got through another week ol Opera ; The Favorite, well done ; that goed old-iashiooed Norma, not well done; Fra Uiavolo, an awful fiasco; Ernanl and Un Ballo, superbly rendered. When I saw Fra Dlavolo so grossly butchered 1 said, “ Max Strakosch, you arc a humbug I” When I saw Ernanl, 1 said “ Max Strakosch, you are a liump'” When I saw Un Ballo! sail, “Max Strakosch, you are a whole liand oftruraps!” Strakosch stock Wednesday night was below par; Thursday night It went up Into the hundreds; Friday night it heat the Merchants’ Union. Gliioni, Irtre, Canhsa aud Marra got np a corner and forced it up. gyipvoi . £47,750,000 When I remember how fiat poor Murio Ccili fell in Un Ballo last winter ; and that culy a week ago, Maretzek’s prima donna, Mias Culloch, made a fiasco In the same opera, aud then tbiuk how grandly Ghioui carried the third act through with her great rich voice, lam compelled to say she is the greatest prima douna in the country. Max has but just commenced the business rf impresario. He has, theieforc, all the virgin innocence of youth, and has not fallen

info the bad ways of those old crustuccaa fellows who have been at it for years. When he says he will do a thing he does it. Therefore, I picdict that Max Strakosch, next winter, will give the best opera season ever kuown in the United States. 1 am not at liberty to tell the names of those who will come here with him, but Ifhe should have the best tenor and the best so prano in the world nobody need feel sur prised. When the professor of physiology puts a current of electricity into the leg of a dead trog, the artificial sprightUncss of the de funct runa is very amusing. Hot, lard has the same effect on dead eels. But Ido not think even electricity and tict laid will cave the Philharmonic So ciety. 1 recognize the fact that the Philharmonic has done more for musical culture lu Chica go than any other organization. It has made us acquainted with such grand works of genius as Beethoven's First, Second, Fourth, Fifth, Seventh, Eighth, and the Pbbtoial and Heroic symphonies ; with Men* deUsohn’s Third, Haydn's Third, Mozart’s Second and Third, Schumann's B major, Ulrich’s Ninth; Uade’s Tilth and Scvcutu, and Mendelssohn’s G minor concerto, not to mention uumvious overtures, fantasies uud concerto? by the great musicians. 1 uho recognize the fact that to catei to Aurelias and Celestes, who care us much for mut-ic as Uuy do for last year’s Fanchons, he programmes were lowered in character. Finally A and C turned up their pretty noses ut the Philharmonic concerts aud the Phil harmonic concerts went out as effectually and suddenly us go*, when you turn it off. And now somebody Is trying to galvanize them into life again by giving them in a smaller hull with a half orchestra. It wou’t do. The body should be removed to the tomb of the Cspulcts. The man who has bought a bottle of MiUlerno don't want the bottle hull' filled up with water, and the mun who buys a house don’t want to liud the upper ttoiy rented to a Milesian family. To pul it mathematically. If a given mugc of music performed by a full orchestra amounts to s failure, the same range of mu sic pi riormud by half that orchcilra will um>.<unl to twice as bid a failure. Life is too short foreuch long grief as my Vbiihur.uonic friends arc indulging. They Uud belter set out their funeral baked meats, cull iu their mourners, put up their shutters, hang the crape ou the door knob and send for Jordan. The next best thine for th. m to do Is to make u iresh deal. Don’t phiy auy more with people that know nothing about the game. ’Makeyour anargements f>r anew series of concerts next winter for miuiiuljKo /Jr, at which legitimate music shall be ren dered by conscientious muriciuns. If Aure lia and Celeste want music, let them get it up themselves or go without. It is immaterial which. But don’t try anylouger to make the Philharmonic fret jump. Kespect the feel ings of the ti lends ut the deceased. it seems to be definitely settled that Chi engo is going to have a big organ, and the Voting Men'* Christian Association seem dc tci mined to beat Boston, for which lam sorry. It is no rca«un Chicago should make a fool 01 Itself because the Hub did. Quality, not quautity, is the object to be sought in an or* gan. A peacock is u very showy and a very luigo bird, but isn’t of much musical ac count. There arc scores of hotter organs in t.he'counir} than the Boston organ. An organ larger than that at Boston would be a perfect nuisance—a mere mass of mighty noise in any hall that was not half a mile square. Purity and richness of lone, with power in proportion to the size of the hali, arc tbide siderata of an organ. With these should be combined all tne latest improvements, and if the pu-sc holds out, genuine artistic de tails of finish. Let the V. M. C. A. strive for the best, not the biggest, organ. If the theatres have done anything this week worthy of note I haven’t found it out. The only sensation was at McVicker’s, where an actor, who has received many favors from Chicago, got so seriously indisposed with New Year’s visitations that he couldn’t ap pear, as announced on the hills. Be should never he allowed to appear again.' iudcccccy is the most profitable thing in New York at present, next to whiskey swindling- The receipts ot the “Black Crook” thus far have been $253,f>12.50, being an average for each performance of .s2,sST».l2)tf. Tho average cx{*ense of each evening has been $075, maklug so7,i>oo to he deducted from the total receipts, thus giving $160,112,50 to he divided between Messrs. U'hf alley, Jarrctt and Palmer, who own the indecency. While the model artists are thriving, music in New York Is going to the dogs The Phil harmonic l> insolvent, MireUek has been giving opera to beggarly audiences, and the French Opera has irretrievably collapsed. I hear it rumored that Marctzck Is disposed to try a season of opera hero, provided he can get Kellogg’s consent. ladv ! se him to come and fill up his exchequer. Chicago will make ~xrp his New York losses. From abroad' there to considerable of mu sical interest. The venerable Rossini has bad an apoplectic fit, from which fat il effects are feared. Carlotta PaltL the lame lyricist, is creating a great sensation In the French provinces. At Montpelier, an hour before tfae doors opened, a troop of soldiers bad to be sent for to control the crowd. Odeobach Is in luck. The people of Brussels have of fered him a crown in congratulation at the success of his 44 Barbe-Blcne.” Carlotta Patti is going to sing in Paris daring the Exposi tion. Dresden and Bremen have just heard the African for the first time. Joachim, the new violinist, is setting the German towns crazy with his violin. At.one of the recent soirees at Rossini’s, Mdllo. Nlcolo played on the piano an andante ot her own comnositlon. After the plaudits and compliments of the company had ceased, Rossini added, * 4 TVe most publish this work, but do not seek a publisher; I have found you one—myself. Do not trouble yourself. I will even edit the title.” And two or three days aftewards the music shops exhibited •* rhe Picinte, andaolt pour plauo , par ZfilUf. J. Meiull. XkxJo, tdU<epar son amid VaJiniraieur de ton pere t O. So*nn i.” Tbe French journals arc I ecstatic at this trait of generosity. j Concerning literary matters this. A per- : feet swarm of infants' periodicals has appeared , at Boston, and a magazine for grown-up chPdren, called the 4 *,VortAem Light*," which will be as ephemeral as its namesake. tV. Gilmore Simms has found his affinity In tbe Old Guard, and is writing a novel for it. Thomas Carlyle is coming to this country after having taken special pains to abuse it. John Dorgan, a rising poet of unusual promise, died at Philadelphia on New Year’s Dav The reieran editor of Dwigbfs Journo! of J/w*iVhas cot into hot water by making some disparaging remark, about borne talent. Dwight baa only one serious fault about him. He ted tell the truth and he win tell it at just tbe wrong time and m thewrongplnee. ereey, and Mr. Akers are s«U quarrelling about the authorship of “Rock me to slceo, Mother,” as if it was worth making any fuss about. M. Vicullot in his book, Odeurs dt Paris, of which 1 spoke lost week, makes the fol lowing Amny remark, which has the odor of ignorance. He says: “I am astonkhed that Booth, the as>ussin of that poor dssil President Johnson, was not a comic actor.” Fred. Douglass has nearly completed ar rangements for the issue of a new weakly journal. Rblori recently made a speech in English just twenty-nine seconds iu length, which took her two days to commit to memory and to speak it in the English language. This item reminds me that Chicago will have but four nights of the great Italian genius, prob ably commencing January 21. Did I make calls New Year’s Day ? That reminds me. lam In possession of a | disgraceful hat which was exchanged for my , Amidon at Blifkins? by on individual who j was so fatigued that he didn’t know the dif- ■ ferencc. The same individual was so cn- | raged at the Tompkinses because they hong , a basket out that he actually put a three ' cent stamp in it to remind them of their par- ! ; simony. j The young fellows about town are in de spair at the uuuaual number of baskets which I were bung out. j A romance iu real life happened on Fonrth | avenue. A large party of friends of a crusty old fellow, who lives on that ovenue, had prepared to give him a surprise party last Wednesday night. Crusty old fellow got wind of It, and on the night iu question locked his doors, closed his windows, and went to bed at a remarkably early boor. The snrp.'Ucrs came round to find the house en veloped with darkness. They knocked at the door, whereupon a head and a night-cap appeared at the upper window Inquiring what they wanted. Rather taken aback at the summons, one of them replied they were his friends and had come to give him a party. Head aud night-cap replied when he wanted his friends to give him a party he would send for them, and slammed the window down. 1 thiuk the old fellow rather surprised than. Chicago, Jinn ary 6. The Latest farisian Modes. A Democratic Idea at a Fancy Ball— t all Costume*—A New Opera Cloak- Gored Velvet Skirls— Urcm material*— Bn>Mau style*—A Series of suit* lor Complegne—Head Ore mm* and How die U&ir t« Worn, (Pails Correspondence of the Mew York Herald.] Memoirs remind me that a splendid fancy ball was given lust Saturday by Mr. de T., at his chateau, aud that those who present ed themselves in a costume not prescribed hv tee regulations ot the host had to pay a forfeit. The fact is, nearly all paid, aud this is where the poor really would have been pencilled it the amount laid down in tor- Icits had bccu humanely distiibuted among them. M. dcT. Lad decreed that all Ms visitors should attend his ball in the costumes worn by their grandfathers. Now, .t is all >cry well to he a Count or Marquis in JSf-O, but it Is very painful wbcu people remind such nobles that their fathers before them were nothing but millers, brewers and stewards, flow much more than painful when grandsons were expected to glory in their humble origin by adopting grandslres’ old clothes! Therefore mauy paid aud came to the ball in light kid, shiny boots, aud not a speck ol tluur (w inch is immaculate white) t.pfii them. 1 think M, do T. mast he mi?- eLievouc; for Ins grandfather was a Marshal and Peer of France. Other ball costumes, without any humble associations whatever, arc also flourishing in drcsMiiakcrs’ hands, who arc uli m expecta tion of the Empicss’ return from Complegne, but we may nut anticipate. The ne» t j.i Lyons silk pattern is the needle lobe (we arc getting so sharp). Whine heaps of | crlidh.us looking darning needles, all lengths and sizws, are thrown ut er dark gold blown grounds, culled Bisuuirks, unci now he deserves every prick of them! Opera cicukb arc mace of the new white silk plush, with velvet ribs, and are all lined with bi iiiht colored silk. The llolhomugo opera cloak U mad«- of red cloth. It is u pch rlue, with a hood be hind. ending iu a very long conical point, which coihes down as low us the pelerine itself. It is trimmed all round with black cloth patches, bordered with gold braid. The ensemble is liku what Mephistopholes appears in when Faust is played at the opem. A very pretty toilftte de ridfe is the ltd owing: The underskirt and high body arc made of clKstnul-coloied satin, over whn h a chestnut velvet gored over-skirt and small corset bodice, the latter both denied. Tiie fashionable dent is like that on the teeth of a saw. We arc decidedly getting dangerous propensities. Each seam of the gored velvet skirt Is joined under a thick silk cord of the same shade. The walking cu&aquc is lined with blue and made of vel vet. , , Black satin robes are made with long trains. and have no other trimming beyond two front side pockets- ala Louis XIV. The necks of our bodies a:c trimmed rouud with several rows of jet ribbon gimp or narrow lace, which forms a Kind of large c diar. Crosbbunds of satin are also very elegant jo>t over the shoulders, especially when re lieved by buttons or thedatiun*. • Foulards aic much worn lor fourreaux, the shades being lion-gray and pearl-gray, over blue plisse petticoats. The slccvis an) tight uud of the tamo shade as the under skirt. The prettiest ball robe I have seen since my »n?t letter, was worn by one of the IVin* o' s& Dagmor’s ladles, who hud just returned frt.m St. Pcie;»ouig. The Grand {lndices wore three tulle ' tunic?, graduating hi length, each caught tip at intervals by water rushes and other marine plants. Toe same fell from under the chignon over the should ei s, while a complete set of emerald? fell on the fair wearer’s neck, arm? and budicc. Court ladle? lead me to ?ay that tho-c of the lust fcrics invited nt Com niegne followed the Empress’ example by easting a-ide their hall attire for high drosses us soon us her Majesly’s otlkwl evening receptions were over, at luilf-pa>t ten. All who had a taste for a little intelUcimri fun were invited to a sc-cltl tea drinking at eleven in the private n| annicnts. and those who did so wore to join in n game invented by the Empress her self. No jewels and no ornaments were al lowed to remain in the hair ; state was to be foigotten. When tin was over the names of all present, writ? on on small squares, were thrown In a bag, from which, *ar a nmUce, i the }oungc?t lady pre-ent drew forth a nuiue.* The j»ensoii answering to the name : on the . c qua;c was the unfortunate victim I who had to tell a story that wa? to last. < watch in hand, one long hour, uud nothing wit? to be related that cud ever been printed. Mauy call that “ the fatal hour.” The faces ! of anguish and terror, when Hie bug is open ed atid the hand dipped in, arc ahvius most dramatic unu cxprcs?ive. Corals, pearl?, bronze and enamelled bead* continue to be the richest trimmings for lull In-ad dresses, festoons and full circs? bonnets. Some very pretty little square lace pelerines arc worn over low dresses for dcml-tolKnte. Hair is worn on the very meridian of every lady's occiput, and long plaits dangle down, Egyptian style, behind. Some of the phots, made up into chignons, arc called submarine cables, cowtails, sphiuxlocks and well-ropes. The other Implements of hard labor adopted by ladies ate magic pencils, bares’ feet and swan’s down, for either the black, the blue, the white or the red, beside* all the appara tus used for veinlng, enamelling, nympiling. f>earlhg, downing, crlstnlio-satiuing ami acteo-puraping. Those who do not under stand these terms, have not completed ttn-lr educations, and would do well 10 study a very erudite work, which has lately ap pealed, on “the bcauuiying of human na ture.” Let it not be forgotten that crosscut bands of w Mte crepe fiom u very elegant and inex pensive trimming on ball dresse- whether of silk or satin. A pretty fancy costume for Christmas parties is called the fenr reason?.’’ May some of our readers adopt it and make It up then-selves. The lower skirt, which represents winter, is made of gray silk dot ted over with tuf.s of swan’s down, which imitate enow. Over this, midway down, falls a tunic which Is meant for autumn ; it i? made of tulle and trimmed round with grapes. The summer is a waistbaud. of ribbon, from which hang like basquines a few wheat cars, poppies and dog roses, with other hedge grasses. The body is spring, and made of trellis worked ribbon to figure an open basket Round the shoul ders, in the chemisette fold?, a few spring blossoms arc set in and fall, sleeve like, over the arm. The hair is powdered and airily curled, ornamented with icicle drops oi crys tal and green velvet trails. Great care most be shown in the selection of colors tor the above costume, the flowers all harmonizing with the hue of the fruit; the poppies-And wheat ears should alone be very bright Ghost—l am tby father's spirit— Hamlet—Ycou don’t say so! Old man, give us 3 our flipper. How'd’ye do? ILiln't seen yem a dog’s age. TVh'cn d’ye come dcown * G.—Doomed for a certain term to walk the night— ll.—TVhy on alrth don't ye take a boss car an ride? or do they qnit too airly for ye? I say. where d’ye hang out daytimes? G»—And for the day confined to fast In fires— ll.—Abeont how fast arc ye on a dirt road? Tew forty? G. Till the fonl crime? done in the days of nn nature are burnt and purged awav. H, Ar ye purging baa ? Try a little of this cholera medicine. Knock it higher’n Gilderoy. G.*—But that I am forbid to tell the se crets of my prison house I could a tale un fold— B.—Don’t unfold it here, old man—don’ G. Whose slightest word would harrow up thy soul— H. Fetch on your harrer. G. Freeze thy young blood— H. Git cont, ye torual old refrigerator I G.—Make tby two eyes like stars start from their spheres— B.—Dew tell! Te couldn’t tell about what time they’d start ? G.—Thy kxotlcd and combined locks to pari— II. —I've parted with about all of them locks now, ’specially on the tup nv my head — G. And each part’etfat hair— B.—l aint pertlckler to a hair. G-—To stand ou erd like quills upon tho frttfnl porcupine H. Now look here, old poppy, don’t fret vour darned old porcupine over me. G.—But this eternal blazon must not be to ears of flesh and blood. List—list—oh, list! H.—[Getting angrv]—Yoon be gol darned. Didn’t I 'list In Sol iPcabody’s hum guards when ycou fled into Canada, takln year draft withyeou? And where yeou was killed by Ibc Finnegans, and U served yeou right. Better go aud ’ltot yourself, yeou tamal old critter, ’sted o’ prowlln round nights, dis turbin yeur blood relat»on*—git eout! [Exit Hamlet in a rage.] Peeeguine. THE FASHIONS. Hamlet an a Yankee* EUBOPE. Special Foreign Correspondence. OCB LOXPOX LETTED, Borne nod the Pope—Tlie Christmas Pantomimes In the London Theatres —Elaborate Transformation Scene*— The Clowns and the Falnea—British Agriculture—The Chicago Tribune at the Farmer*’club—Lord Ljtton and the American Ladles at Paris—A Pen aud-luk sketch «»f the Author of Pel ham—Lord boffenn and the Irish Emigrant. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune. J Loxoov, England, December It, ISO 6. The long problem of centuries seems at last about to be solved. The temporal potrer of the Popes, on which so much learning and research have been spent, and concern* ing which modern Europe has been divided , into two schools, appears to be Jailing to the ground through its own weakness. To-day the last French soldier quits Borne. All Italy has longed to see this hoar, and now that It has come, seems hardly to believe the evi dence of its senses* I can say nothin? of what may transpire, but of this be sure, that, whatever the immediate look of affairs, the Italians arc re solved to have Borne not only fixe of foreign soldiers, but also the capital 'ol their kingdom, and they are ready,to de fend the light to do this with their whole national force. At first, however, this may not be manifest. For the moment, then, you will see, the atttenlion of Eu rope is centered on the Eternal City, and every day’s telegrams are scanned with eauer curiosity by Protestant and Catholic alike. Newspaper correspondents have been despatched to the spot, and every popular movement will be minutely described. Mr. Gladstone continues there, aud Earl Rus sell is near. Borne is under a glass case for the time, and all the world is looking at it. VUE CUIUsTMAS PANXOSIIMKa. There was a time when pantomimes seemed to be dying out in England, and people used I to speak of them to their children as sights 1 that n ere .past; but a revival took place, and cow they arc moro popular than ever. The rule Is to produce them on “Boxing Nlfiht,”—the night following Christmas night,—and at this moment au the tbeatre worid is in a state of frantic excitement about the preparations. It isa material thing • with a Lui-dou manager to gel a good pan tomime* Very often it pays him for the losses of two mouths previously, aud some times It b» ings blia in a handsome fortune. But then it must be a popular pan tomime. Hundreds of tiuillies make a practice of seeing a pantomime every year, and they ask each other which Is the best, and the answer decides their choice. Thus the competition is severe. In a few days every dead wall, every newspaper, every shop that will take in a plav hill, lu town or country, will be filled with tidings of the pantomime world. The pood old nursery stories are still, 1 notice, in the ascendant, aud we shall again see the wildest legends accepted with faith- The rough costermonger iu the street, the gentle child sitting on the nursery lloor, ihe precocious boy at home for the holidays, the shopkeeper, the household drudge, for once have something in common. They arc looking forward to the night when the green curtains rise on a thousand magic groves, and biuc-noscd demons emeige from caves. Many innovations have been introduced into the pantomime from time to lime, some of which have only main tained their popularity for a brie.' sea-on. The clown of the French stage, tne gluts!ly I’icrrot, wus transplanted as a companion for the English clown, but he never struck root. The dandy was another shadow which had its day— llutiug between the four chief pantoniiniists in the comic section, and mw hrs place is often filled with tumblingt-priies. The Introduction or fairy opening has been made more splendid by different managers evciy year, and mines of wealth have been lavisacd upon elaborate transformation muea which required half au hour to nnloid lh« ir beauties. This taste for scenic spltndor has rather overshadowed the “comic business” of the pantomime and checked the supply of good clowns. We have no Grimaldi in these days, though I mud confess that the children seem perfect. Iv contented with his succcs-ors. A friend of iniuc saw a child In the company of an actor, and heiiing that the latter waa connected with the Mage, the little one seemed to re gard him with an envious interest. At length the actor drew the child towards him and tried to engage It in conversation. The child luol evidently something on U.s mind to wliichil wished to give utterance, and, en couraged by the actor’s manner, it at last said, ••How* near have you ever been to a cb-wny” .The dialogue in pantomimes has always a running reicrencc to leading events during the past year, urn! some trouble lias to be taken to avoid hurling the feelings of any la Ipc number of the audience. Mr. Donne, the ofiiclul examiner of plays, was lately asked, during his examint-iion before a commi’- tec of the House of Commons, whether he could undcr.-tand the plot 01 a pantomime, and to my surprise be said that tic could. The foll«.\vuig-qfTi.s;ions and answers followed : 3on atvmo that il ere I.- a practice m all thca’r. r of whal aitiste commonly call -4.— Tcf. lam rc.-fcdly aware of that. Q— 'ilia: “g.c ’i> in twifttoi. down* .4.—No. :tcannot be. (/.—•flier* l> t.uihfcc to prevent a clown -jr panta u'tumiifiw uee of wonts that you htve Lever sects? jl.~- Nnildngnbatcver. Q. —That UgsLcr illy done? A. —Ye*; at lea»t often. (>.—lla* ir iately b*tn o»d‘*red by the J oid Chamberlain that voilnral squibs i-boola be onmicfl injtanto- A.— JLfj- lu-vtr ere pndbutt-tW Q. — if a clown desires to raise aiau.-h or create a tvu-atiou nhtn aaypaiilcnUr personsar.* pres m ». b jLk wii-bes to call atL mion to cat: be do u; there is t».ihu gto pievei.t Lis im - tS:.ir inrnch wees, ex cep* that it lalilcsa*? .4.—feat isnli, you <n top "nig." o.—jr'or Instance, polit i.ttj 'ac. jcLes about the Male ol adairs in Europe, DctL.ark, or anv o’her question of lost Lind ; von are vwaic that mat la repeatedly doncT A. — Vca. A celebrated pantomime writer, Mr. Nel i.-iu Lee. was examined hv the same com mittee. In the course of his evidence he aid: *-j have written Avr'dred* t>f ]iaufoinime*; one H'a-cn 1 led tociu played in ne-aly every tnartr.i In London—in the country—America and Am alia. J wa* Induced to sioo writing for other « e» dot- theatre-, thinking It would'be a great Icr.vCt to my own theatre; it had the revc.>o ef* irci. 1 cto not r:o]> lor the parporQ of enabling otver nuthots to get a living; I slopped because I bought that meple would cumo to my ih.atrc u'.ur.. Wl.tuldiu rl for various theatre* they m-cd to so cud ret-them, and then nay, *wc will jet-bis own, lor that, must be better sthl jud rtcu v.hcn 1 aM’lied lo bere-inslitej at oih.T theatre* tln-y h:id got tether author?, peituips l«elfet ilau myself, so 1 have not written so many lately.** Newspaper criticism applied to panto mimes, ha* &ca<cely any existence. Twvuly theatre.- now stand lu London where for merly there were only half a dozen, and all those establishments produce their pan (oinimes on the same night. If any daily journal has a iias.litt on its staff, it can oaljr tend him to one theatre, and the rest of the houses, with their entertainments. have to be noticed by the rank and tile of the work. Ing stall. Parliamentary, law, and general reporters, suddenly bud 'into critics ‘tor one night only, and struggle through their work according to their lights. If the names of all the costumers. c jmjwrs, mask makers feme painters, and stage managers, pressing forward lor publicity, are got s jfcly into print, with-he names of the pieces, a haxy account of their plots, and aipluyhili dc ecriptb-n 01 their leading scenes, this Is us much as wc can expect. BRITISH AGRICfr.TfRB. This Is the week for the agricultural inva sion. The British farmer is lu possession of the metropolis. fineburnt in face and bulky in figure, he is distinguished in a glance from the pale-faced denizens of the city, and we need not the curious dialectsfrom his longue to identity him. The “ Cattle Show week” Is marked’ in the calendar of many of our tradesmen as one of the best of the year. ; The young lurmcr who cornea up from the reecs-es of Norfolk or Suffolk, or the wilds of the Highlands, or the Yorkshire hills, to see the“ yearly display of fat oxen and finely clad sheep,' docs nut spare his cash while he is here. The theatre addresses itself to him; the music holla lav uicmeetv.s out for nun. Even nasworlv shows are specially lllqiubiatcd In his ho:*>r. I fear the young agriculturist *• sees iile” very often jn a way which would astonish his sluggish neighbors at home. Lais and Phryne catch hita in their wiles, and he repents his folly in alter days. The lather, the stalwart Bull— Bull p.oper is a person who has sownjjwiid oat? of this sort and has suffered from them, has pictures of a different kind, lie goes to the Central Fannins’ Club, aud talks with Lis fellow laimers from many a county aud shire. He sits at the Hanover Square rooms and docilely listens to what the great lords, who form the governing body of the Royal Agricultural Society, are doing lor him. He goes to Re* gent street and buys the “-Missus” a new shawl, the glris a bracelet and a pair of car rings, and tbe lit lie ones a package of new toys. London he knows In a way of his own, an'd he can detect a cabman’s Iraud, but he will never be of the city, lie is a visitor from another planet, »o far as all the charae- ; tcrii-tlc* of his person aud his habits are con cerned. This year our annual cattle show U not so good as usual. The effects of the ca<- tie plague aie plainly uiscerolble. The cx- , hibuioii is like u review after a great battle. Still it is quiieas noticeable as was expected. Before I leave the worthy men to their pro cess of punching the sides of the beasts and Angeling the wool on the backs of the sheep, I may men lion that quite a sensation was produced at a meeting of the Central Farmers’ Club on Monday night, by the production of a copy of tbe Chicago Tri bes e, of November 35, containing my letter descriptive of their general proceedings, and of 3lr. Howard's account of nis visit to th- United States, in particular. The Club meet every month, and it wu» a subject of extreme surprise that they should be reading a sketch of their last meeting, appearing as far awav as Chicago. Mr. Howard even could hardly credit that this had been done. The paper was begged for tbe use of the edi tor of the agricultural journal, the J fork Lane Fspre**, and I con only hope that the very free, but perfectly truthful comments upon the scrf-like position of the English tenant larmcr, when reproduced in that jour nal, -will help to stir him to a struggle for further independence. LOR© LVTTOS AND THE AMERICAN' LADIES AT PARIS. Lord Lylton, better known as Sir Edward Bulwcr Lvtton. was at Mrs. Bigelow's last reception'at Paris, on Sunday evening, where be was introduced to Mr. M jlliam Cullen Brjant and was tbe lion of all the American ladies present. Truth compels me to add, that these fair ones experienced a shock in looking for the first time upon the author of “ Pelham.” Mr. Bulwer, who was once the pink of fashion, and the pride of the beaux of his day, whose portrait by Mulreadvisa painting of oue or the hand somest of English gentlemen, Is now lu the sere and yellow leaf. He bends forward a= lie "alfes. , h| s step U no lotigpr firm. He is deaf auu he puts his hand to bis car as he listens to you. His dress is careless and even out of date He cultivates, it would seem, the odd and the uncouth. To many, however, he will always be iheßulwcrot the "Eugene Aram days aid thev will find a beauty in their idol -which others cannot see. His wife, who 5? of course, a peeress now, has never, l Be lieve, claimed the honors due to her now rank. She lives apart from him, but smeo & liberal settlement between them, which was effected some five or six years aeo, she has cessed to publish her hate, and to shock the world with novels In which her husband was the villain. tl LOhD PUFFERIN ASP THE IKI3H Bill- oraKt.” To jusllfy Irish landlords, and, I suppose, to extinguish any sympathy there may bo with Irish discontent. Lord Dulferin has ad- ■ dressed along le'ter lotto Times, In ■which be not rnly contends that emigration has been a blessing to Ireland, bat that it has rot gone far enough, and that 800,000 more : can very well be spared. So far as the con-I dilicn of those who have left is concerned, | there is no doubt of their gain, but LordDuf fcrln quite overlooks the consideration as to whether it ought to have been so. Of course. If a mao cannot a cabin over his head, and Is sacrificed to game, or to pay an absentee land lord’s gambling debts. If he stays In bis native country, he had far better sail away to another clime; but one fails to sea how this justifies the conduct of his oppres sor. His lordship overlooks, too, the in conveniences which spring from the feeling with which those who have settled on anoth er continent regard the rulers of the land they have left. Lord Dofferln himself is ft clever, dashing man, of literary tastes and fond of adventure—witness his celebrated ex cursion to the North Seas—but be was born in the system of Irish misrule and cannot see its de’fccts. This enthusiastic defence of cmicration will remind the people of Ireland that it was bis mother. Lady Dufferin, who wrote that most touching of Irish ballads, which has made the hot tears run down many an Irish check, and which is just in the opposite tone —I mean the song called ** The Irish Emigrant,” beginning “ I'm alums cm the stile. Mary, Where we sat side by side, etc,” and in which, mourning his dead wife, the svmpatby of the bearer is awakened for the emigrant in such verses as these ; ** l’n very lonely now, Marv, For the poor make no new friends ; But, O. they 'ove the bettor The few our Father sends. And yon were all I bad, Mary, My blessing and my price. There's nothing left to care for now Since my poor Mary died. “ I'm bidding you a lore farewell. My Mary, kind and true. But I*ll not for- et you, darling. In the lartl I'm going to. Thry say ihcre'a brcao aud work for all. Aad the si n shiner al rays there. But i'll col forget old Ireland, Were it fifty Umcs less fair.” COURT GOSSIP. A Day at (be Palace of Complegne. [Paris Correspondence of the New York World.] To-morrow, the last scries of guests will leave Complegne, and ou the 20th the Em peror and Empress will return to the Tuller fee. There is much less of the burden of cti ouetle in the Emperor's style of reception than in the days of “divine right” in France ; but there is a certain decree of cere mony, marking the difference between the welcome ot the Sovereign and that of ordin ary mortals. Invitations are usually is»ued lor six days. They are primed on rose color ed tarda in the followingaiyle ; [Trarsbilon.j By older of the tmperor.the grand Chamberlain bat* the honor cfiofotmln? 3t. that lie i> In- Tiled to pars sis days at the Palace of Co tuple tpic. An answer Is requested. (Mgnea) i)cc pe Bassano. There is a special train provided for the favored parties uml upon the arrival at O'ttipicgtiv, carriages called with four horses, coachmen, and valets in Hie imperial liviry, are in watting to convey them to the chateau. In the reception hall, in which are, stationed like statu??. Cent (iurdcs. the Emperor's especial guard dc 1 arude, in their brilliant uniiorms of light hli.c and red. a regiment of servitors receive the guests. Princes are conducted to their a}urtUßiits by a marshal of the palace; ollieial personages, by a hulssier, wearing a on-ss crat of dark maroon, with sword and ci eked hat; ordinary visitors have each a valet dc pied ut his sendee. Ou the door of each room is inscribed the name of the guest who is expected to occupy it. At seven o'oicck the whole company assemble in a gtaikl salon, culled the tialerie des Cartes, ireiu the large maps with which the walls are hung ; the tenth men in blue or black dress « ou:s, while or black waistcoats, while cm v.ls. tight pantaloons, and *ilk stockings; the ladies in full ball dress. A little before the arrival» f the Emperor the company falls \ into lire, the ladies ou one side, the gentle* 1 men on the other, near the entrance door. The Pitij eror enters, accompanied by the Grand Chnmbcrhrin, and frequently holding the Prince Imperial by the hand. *lle passes in front of me gentlemen, speaking to each ot'i ;n turn, w hile the Empress, who enters immediately alter, is welcoming the ladies. \\ Ucu this ceremony is over, the Empress lakes the arm ot the Emperor, and pre ttdeil by the (fraud Chamberlain, leads the w»y to the dinner table, which is set in a loom opposite to the Galerie des Cutter. Jhe gentlemen keep their hats until about to be Mated, when they are taken by a valet, who places tin m on a tabic until dinner is over’. A bombed persons arc usu ally present t:l the dinner, which Is all, ex- Copt the dessert, served ou gold and silver dishes and plates. The dfeseit service is of the llnest Metres porcelain, each plate being awirk of art of great value. The Emperor and Empress are served by their pnvote valets. The h. i-siers and other valets aerre the other gne-is—geiterally one \ u et for two persons. The band ox rue Imperial Guard ploys it* an unjoining gallery daring the din ner, but not so luuuiy as to interrupt the conversations. Alter the dinner the Emperor and Em pices, followed by the guest*, return to the feierie des (.arte*, where eolU-c is served, slier which the Empress ghes permission to :he eictlerneu to go to the smoking room, and then passes witii the ladies to the Salon de I umiitc. The smokers return to the la* dhc about ten oVtoek, when dancing Is be gun to ti.e pniir-a mechanical instrument, which i» (urted like an fjignn, and which is txcerie: t for dancing. At eleven o’chek tea is banded, andabnat liildirghi rim Empress comiesics to the com pany and retire*. The Emperor last year rtiuuir.ed later than the Klupre&s. This v\ar 1 e f.Ci.ULCriy retnes in the early part of the evening. The gt: sis remain lu the salons as hfe as they please. it. the m. rmsig ii-a or chocolate is served in the private uj r. trnents. At 12 o’clock the guests arSi.ii:t:le in one of the salon*, ♦riietc I rtril.la.'l b served on email tables. Special Juvorifrs arc invited to breakfast wirii the Empiv.-s hi her salon. After br»ak(;’*’, the hunt ami nut-door amuse ment*, in Hue weather; conversation, bll- Hard?, charades, when it rains, tilt np the l‘-nts nn } sl tlu time to d:c.*s for dinner Eanlirs me not expected to appear twice in the eunie toilette, su that at least twelve de ntil dresses are required for the visit. 3Ji.IV YEAR'S CALLS. The Abuse* of tiro cunom in New Y«iU vnr. [From the New York Ucrald.l Clubs composed of twenty or thirty men, with banttra hearing ridiculous titles, and transi-om d in loud wagons, drays or trucks of all sizes, and rigged out in every style of unique embellishment, also paraded in the throng of the streets. These parties, organ ized lor the purpose of making •‘calls,” on a grand trail*, were vo-y numerous, and scour ed the dry about in every direction to the horror of u majority ol the ladies, who pro bably concluded from such sad experience that there could really bo too much of a good tbit g lu tbe way of New Year calls. Undaunted, however, by frowns jrom fair lures, and hints from sharp tongues, these locust clouds swent through’ the city, clear,ng luhica of everything edible, evupuictiug all the liquors aiid smoking all the dears with iusatiObic appe ites, leaving lor the gay youths who travelled lu pairs : nothing but empty decanters, gaunt flames of w ell picked fowls, and the unfaded frowns of vexed fair oue©. ; Ihese clubs were in the main composed of workmen in the same 6i)pp, or clerks in the same store, who, gath ering all their young friends together, made up a party, formed a club under some queer designation, and, procurirg a couple of trucks, after decorating them with banners and transparencies bearing appropriate mot t«.c», started a grand foraging tour among their acquaintances. Oue of these parties, numbering full forty men, am! bear ing the appropriate title of'“The Head Beat Club," culled at several aristocratic man sions—the residences of tbe employers of dead beats ujore.-uid—and to ihe horror of the ballet who did the honors fairly cleared Ihe tables before the day was half spent- Hcvastnlion followed In their track through out the day, aud they have the credit, with similar organizations, of having created a new sensation lor the new year lime. Main oftheup town residences were closed, however, aud their occupants receiv ed no calls, accepting the cards of visitors deposited in baskets hung on the tell kuobs, in lieu of per sonal congratulations. At these places the •‘Dead Beats” and other el*ibs contributed pennies and a few stamps instead of cards, by way of sarcasm on an imagined parsimo ny. There were those, however, who were -uffieiently fortunate to escape the attention of the locusts, and among these there was a majority who passed a day of genuine pleas ure and oolite festivity with their Intimate friends: but the reprehensible practice of iDdiscriixiitotcicanuig on tbe part of utter strangers was carried, in many cases, too far tor the satisfaction of the patties honored by the visits, or for the good name ot the holi day. The Pope and Hi* Servant, It Is reported that live Pope Is greatly grieved at the death ot his old steward and Ineutl. Pitdro BaladclU, to whom be was warmly attached, and who, in his last mo ments’ dictated for himself this epitaph: “ Here lies Pietro Baladelli. who had the honor to die in the service of bis Holiness Pope Pins IX.” The Roman correspondent uf the J'oU J tall Gazette writes: “1 should abstain from speaking of this old servant of the Pope if he had not exer cised over his Holiness a political influence which was the more remarkable as it was completely unknown to foreigners, and even in the Eternal City. Only those intimate with the Vatican understood the position of Pa.adelli and the weight of his word. A libers), formerly carbonate, even a fervid re publican, he retained these opinions till hb latest breath. He was affiliated to the secret ?ocieties at the same time as Giovonnl Mas tai. and afterwards he became the confidant ol all the liberal ideas of the Cardinal Arch bishop of Imola, whom he joined in opposi tion to Gregory XVI. in hostility to the tem poral powvrof the Popes, and in hatred of Austria. At Imola, in consequence ot his sympathy with all tbe movements against the domination ot Austria in Italy, he was placed under the strict surveillance of tbe Austrian police. When the Cardinal Giovan ni Mastni became Pope, Baladelli followed him to Rome, and was appointed to the hoc: chold. He was concerned in all the lib eral relorros which Pius IX. introduced In 3S4T and ISIS. lu darker days he accompanied the Pope to Gaeta, and subsequently return ed with him to Rome, where be became a mai k for the spleen of the clerical party and the shafts oftue envious,an I was in constant antagonism to Cardinal AutonelJl and Mon .urnor de Mcrode. 44 One day the Austrian Ambassador came to the Pope, and told the Holy Father that his Government had a great favor to ask. which was that he would dismiss from tha pontifical household Pietro BuUilelli could be proved to ha?e talcn part io a plot *. against the Austrian rule In Italy. Tb<sp opa '• umdo a pretence of yielding to rcLre seutationa by appointing Baladdli engine*, of the forests of the Apostolic Chamber, but E did not remove him from the Vatican, where he continued to reside. I have told you of the gift made to him by the Pope of a f ur . All nubed freehold house, and bow the excu*. wT ment this caused him led to his death. i a his l*st hour he had a convcr>ati -n with tha 1“ Holy Father, and passionately exhorted him if tobcltlend Italy. Pius IX. has inserted % '*♦ notice of bis death in the OstrmUor* /?»mon>, and feels the bereavement very deeply.’* 4 -—' m j* A BIDE IS THE OLDEJ IIHE. 'I now John Btfidolpb Slade Crawford Bide ■ Steeple Chaae. A correspondent of the Atlanta (Georgia) InteUujeneer, relates the following amusing incident in the life of John Randolph : * * * The usual eastern of those day* with gentlemen travelling, was la the old fashioned two*wheeled gig. Mr. Randolph was, of conrsc, much pleased to receive so distinguished a gnest, Senator CrawforJ fcovs he found i£r. R. greatly improved ia health since he parted with him in Washing ton Citv, and in a fine flow of spirits. They sat np till a late hoar, discussing the political news of the day, and mca as statesmen, warriors, poets and phil osophers. On retiring to bed, 3lr- R. remarked to his distinguished friend that he had been invited to take Christmas dii.ner with an old and esteemed friend, and that, inasmuch as be did net know waether he, Crawford, would come or not, he had promised to attend; and added, that if he. Crawford, would consent to go. they would “ride over in the morning.” Senator Craw ford. thinking Mr. R.’a friend lived only lathe neighborhood, consented at once. At this, Mt. R- Lade him good-oight; the weather be ing clear but lntenscly*cold,and Mr. Crawford much fotlgacd from his ride from Washington City to Charlotte County, slept soundly. About half past three o'clock, however. Senator C. says he was aroused from his slumbers by Mr. R., and a servant, who in formed h'm that ho must “be up, as It was time to start on the ride to dine." Mr. R. appro ached the bed with a large bowl of strong colfee and brandy, and said to his friend: “Drink this Crawford, it will open your eyes, brace you for the ride, and give y.m an appetite for dinner.** Whilst the Senator was dressing and Mpping the colfee and brandy, Johnny appioacned and adjust ed a huge pair of English spurs, ot the purest metal, ofgreat age and artistic de sign. The spurs on, the Senator was ad nu nished that the bones were ready at Urn door by the pawing and champing of the tits; at the same time Mr. ' R., iu that peculiar voice llKe the mellifluous notes of a silver trumpet, said: “Crawford, all Is ready—-let’s ride.” The distinguished Geor gian approached the door, and by the light of numerous torches, he saw three horses in readiness. Mr. 8., pointing to an im mense black stallion, champing, pawing and snorting, held by two stalwart negroes, said: “Crawford, mount thai horse” Mr. C. being a very large and corpulent man, said: “Mr. R., I can’t ride that horse." “Mount him, Crawibrd, mount him," was the reply. Mr. C. remonstruied, by saving that he was not accustomed to horseback ex ercise. and he doubted his ability to ride that animal—pointing to the restless black stal lion. Mr. Randolph seemed irritable, and replied sharply; “Mount, sir; mount Lim!” Mr. C. saw that no excuse would do. and he Anally consented to mount, which he did, after great ellbrts, the stallion neighing, panting, pawing and rearing, but tin* ne gro* s held him securely till the p-md-nm* Georgian got squarely in the saddle, well in the stirrups, and the reins well in hand. Mr. K. then mounted a large bay stultion of mettle*, and then came forth Jub , the tru.-iy body servant, dressed in lull livery, with cocked hut and trumpet. Jubann.utued the thoroughbred mare Trifle. Mr R. then said, in a clear, shrill voice, “all ready,” at that the negroes unloosed the gnp on the black stallion, Juba brought one loig loud blast on las trum pet, andthehorsc* for a moment, stood as if poised in midair, and then, with a tre mendous plunge, they slatted. .Tuba led the way, followed next by Mr. R. and the bay stallion, then Mr. C. last, on the imp<*tifi.:s ned haid-uioutbcd black siud. The wcaiuer being cold and dry, aud the roads hard frozen, the morning atmosphere sn.ote iho face as with a sliowcr of rcedlc> ; aud. the clattering hoofs of those thoroughbreds upon the hard frozen ground in the stiliiu-ss ol the winter, soon resounded thiouch tho,c old Virginia hills, iiko the roar ot a cavalry charge. Mr. C. being a man ex great mas- j . cciar power, made several dibits to step the I headlong career of bis stalwart charger, hut i the more he pulled the foster he ran ; he hallowed tinally to Mr. U- to ** stop— >tup, that he could net stand It;” but to all of his entreaties. Mr. R. turn* d a Ue;*f car, and the only response he could get wo’iM'Ve the bui.lo blast of Jnt>a, tar in the van, mounted on the mure Tritle, who flew thuiugh the air like an arrow. Every time Juba Mowed the trumpet the blu<*k itud ran faster and taster, until the eorpuient Georgian fell that all was lost. I'.iit ou they sped, until nearing the tint lands of :h«: btauuton River, when the cry o* hounds was heard. Ana to the left Mr’Cranford east i his eye, beheld an immense pack streaming ’ arouud tbe hills towards the Christmas { riders. On came the hound.-, and on wont the horsemen. So.u the taunt u River came in fail view, which, Jor the moment, piomiscd great relief to Mr. Crawford, ol Georgia. CVuseqiiecily h** watched Juba pud the mare, considerably in the advance, a*, they ucatcd the turbid and toaxuing river. Uut as Juba and the mare struck the nver bank, to the ureal mortification aud disgust cf Mr Crawiord, iu they went; then fol lowed Mr. Randolph on the mottled tar stal lion ; ai d finally, Mr. Crawford foil that all hope wag now gone, and with a secret re-cr vaiiou t<« make one more desperate t-ifort to cht.ck the wild career of hie mighty charger, he pulled with all the power of a giant against the hit; but it was not or the alight— est consequence, for the first plunge the black stud made he.was in swimmingwater By this time Mr. Randolph’s full pack of hounds had caught the partv. and were swimming and yelping as though thov were within fifty yards ofu wounded stag ora rad Jox. The current of the river was rapid, and the water intensely cold, and wtiii-e swim imrg and drifting to the other hank, tin* thought and hope struck Mr. Crawford, t ,ai' when safely across the ride for the htua:«-.-uf the trip would be at thclrleUure. Ih-ncc it was that Mr. (J. watched again, wiih no lit tle anxiety, Juba aud the marc, still nearing the opposite hank, wh..u to his horror, us the mure ascended the hank, Juba again brought a Mast or two cu lus trum pet ; the marc switched the water irotu her l.sxcn tail, and on she went—Mr. Ran. dolph tceond, and Mr. Crawford and the black atud third. The hounds having an even start from the south side of the river, now kepi up with the Christmas party, and in lull cry a> though they were on tb** warmest li ml. Soon a second pack Joined the first pack, and so or, for every few miles a new pack would Join the chorus, aud ou they went. Fii aliy, Jubu and the marc quit the road and struck out through the fi-.-ld-s fol lowed by Mr. R. and Mr. 6,, across gullies, ditches, over fences, through briars, p.mds creeks, and everything that obstructed a •straight line. At last relief came, lor the party reached Colonel Barks dale’s about otic o’clock. Mr. Crawford vas greatly exhausted, and his rants having slipped above his kncce.his leg* wcie scratched by briars, bruised by fence rads and gappluigs, and chufcd no little by toe stirrup leathers. The premises were throng ed f 0 ? 16 half do *en packs of hounds that had Joined the Christmas partv ou the route. The distinguished guests were re ceived with much satisfaction aud great con sideration. The olu-fashioned Virginia *'en- K r -T wcr u P rcscnt In full force. Thorir-t thing that greeted the visitors on their ett trupee Into the mansion, after the usual s;ila tnUons and introductions. was an immense silver bowl full to ovcnlowing with hot ap ple toddy. Whilst Mr. Crawford eufoved the warm toddy, yet he was suifcring greatly from the terrible moni- If*? n “ c » flHl, neither Mr. Ran dolph or any of the parlv made any allusion to it. Dinner being announced. Mr. Crawford found much dhiiculiv In get ting to the table, still there was un'allusion made to the morning ride. After being seat ed around the table fur at least five hours, ami otter haying cat and drank thro c;h a truly Christmas course, and under-uln-the excitements ot the rich food and viands' dis cussions and speech making, ia addition to his corporeal suffering from Uis ride, suddm ly the distinguished Georgian wi.-hed to be excused. He luiormed Colonel Barksdale that he would he glad to retire. But little sleeping was done, as the phan tom of the black etud constantly aroused the great Georgian, who awoke him self more than once, by “hollowing “iro— tro—and holding to the bed-post. About eleven o clock on the next dav Mr R Tyept to the room of his friend and said: Crawford, if you go to Georgia next winter call and see me; good bye, old fellow." No allusion was made to the ride. J.B. B. Senator Crawford never got away from Colonel Barksdale’s for about six weeks. From Colonel Barksdale’s to Ur. Randolph’s was lorty-lwo miles. Suck was au old Vir ginia steeple-chase more than fifty years ago. _ A Fortified Cavern In France. The Paris Jfoniuur publishes an account of a singular cavern just discovered by some workmen engaged in digging foundations in a park belonging to JI. de lUvab-ifazereSitl and situated in the commune of FlacTiiid near Lavaur, Tarn. The existence of ibis cavern had never been suspected bv the in habitants of Flac, and not the slightest tra dition concerning it baa remained. 3T.*H3rei- - Ict-Balsuerie, an associate of the Societe des Auliquaires de France, on hearing of this discovery. Immediately set out lor the placa with a few friends, in order to ascertain the probable dateand destination of this subter ranean recess. Upon examination, th*>y found it bad been used as a fortified dwelling, one of those places ol refuge which were had recourse to In times of Invasion or public disturbances. It might have been one of those selected by the Gauls in Julius Casar’s time. It consists of three vaulted chambers, cut out in a hard rock, and conceded with eachother by a labyrinth ol narrow galleries, admitting not more tfcan one man at a time. The entrance to the main gallery is extremely narrow and low, so that it can only be entered by creeping on one’s hands and knees. At almost cverv step the galleries present re-entering angles, recesses for guards, and places wh«r,-e strong palisades, or perhaps heavy doors of wood and stone, must have existed. The art of defence seems to have been carried to a high pitch ol perfection. Opposite the entrance gallery a sort of “bull’s eye” or circular window is tuerced, communicating with this chamber. From this loophole the sentinel, lying on a stone bench, might watch the ap proach of an assailant and rej-el him If **cecs sarv ; there is, moreover, but one entrance to this chamber, and that is by the middle one. The plcn of the cavern lias been care fully taken by the architect of Laveur. Lieutenant Mage, of the French navy, recently read before the Geographical Society fa Paris * narrative of his navels into the Interior ot Scne gasabia. Ee mentioned that he met in a village, which bianco Park records hevuitcJ, aa ociot gecarisc negro, who remembered to have seen In his early yoalb a white man, bat a white man who moat have bees extremely poor, for be xsadx Lua no present. =■ 1 to' fed Ww ‘3Xt spli col