Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 7, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 7, 1867 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

Chicago €ribtmc. BAHT, TEI-WEEEXT AND WEEKLY. OFFICE. No. 91 CLABK.HT. Tbcrt »n twee «UUoju of me Tkiscjt* uned. l*t- Jrvj menus*. ftr drcnUUon by urncrf, newvmeu and tte malls. Jd. The Tkl'Wbslt, Mondiy*. Wed cma*7« ud Friday*, for tbs mall* «Uy. aad tb« Wazn-T, on Tbnradsji, Ibr the malli and Mia at oar conn ter and tor aawimeo. Terms ofike Chlesco Tribune: «? '^^VrV,v.v;*3.l! Daily, u mall rnhacrlbcri (per annam, p*ya b’c IB IdTttCt) ... IJ.OO Trl-WecXly.rpcr aarnm, parable la adtaace) 0.00 weekly, (per aztnem,paysb.e inadrance) £.OO XT Fractional part* of the year at the aam« rates. %r Ftrusi remiraa* and ordering are or more •ople* of ellber Use Ttl-Weekly or Weekly edition*, may r«uin tea per cent of tha aobacrlpuoa price aa a conmueon. Nonce to srsscsnnea.—ln ordering tbe addraai ot your papers ctanced, to prevent delay, be sure and rpectiy what edition you lake—Weekly, XU*Weekly, zs Dally. Also, BlTeyonrraxsertaodfaiare al3re«. %T~ Honey. by Draft, Exp-ess, Moser order*, or ta 'itecUtercdLcuers, may be scat aioor iuk. Adlrot*. THIIIL’NE CO„ Chicago, 111. MONDAY, JANUARY 7, ISC7. CIICIICH AND STATE. The Common Council U engaged in. adopt ing amendments to the City Charter, with a view oi presenting them to the Legislature for approval. On Friday evening, in Com mittee of the Whole, a proposition was agreed upon, which declares that “ the “Council shall have power to appropriate “ $10,00) for the education, of any dca -14 tituic children, such as wo#B otherwise 44 be inmates of the Chicago Reform School, * 4 who arc confined, clothed, educated, and 44 taught mechanical oris or trades in any *• other institution.” The object of this proposed section is to divide tbe public money now appropriated loathe support of the Chicago Reform School, between that institution and ft similar institution under religious and sectarian con trol. „ The. Institution referred .tn u one of the most useful and deserving char ities of the city, and la constantly doing much to alleviate suffering and to save va grant children from an evil and vicious life, and possibly from everlasting punishment. Nevertheless, the proposition to divide the fends raised by taxation for tbe support of destitute and vagrant children, with any sectarian institution, whether it be Protest ant or Catholic, Jew or Greek, Is, In our opinion, dangerous In principle, and con trary to the spirit and genius of our iostltu lions and I&ws. The freedom of religion and of conscience is the crowning glory of our Republic, and it can only be maintained by the m>st strict and absolute divorcement of Church and State. To turn over any portion of the money raised by common taxation to support this, that or tbe other system of religious education, is to engraft religion upon the Government, very slightly, perhaps. but nevertheless effectually. The city has established, and maintains at the public expense, an institution, where desti tute vagrant children are clothed, main tained acd educated. This Is a duty which society owes to the unfortunate, and is, withal, a measure of economy, since it is cheeper to educate such children and in struct them in a useful art, tnan to suffer the spoliations of such an army of vagabonds and criminals as these children might become, if neglected. But when the Government provides for the physical wants of litis unfortunate class, and makes them master cl a trade by which they can acquire sc honorable living, and instructs them In tbe principles of common morality, and gives them a common education, it has per formed its whole duly. It cannot go farther. It Las no right, for Instance, to pay money to make a Presbyterian, a Baptist, a Meth odist, or an Episcopalian. It has no more rmht to pay money to make a Catholic. All religious stand upon the same fooling in this country —all Lave equal rights, and none can bo clothed with superior privileges without a violation of the fundamental doctriuc of re- ’ Unions liberty and equality which exists in perfection only in this country, and which cannot be too jealously guarded. Tbe State —the people as a body politic—has no re ligion. Tbat is left to every man’s con scit-nce. The individual is the law to himself is this matter, aud he can worship as he pleases or not at ail, and the Government bus n» right to interfere with him, so loag as ho conforms to the laws of the land and commits no public offence. The Constitution lias prohibited Congress from making toy law respecting the establish ment of religion, or prohibiting tbe free exercise thereof, and the same great b'ea of religious toleration has been recog- uiztd in ail the Slates, Every suet has its institutions of charity, in vLicb the recipients of benevolence are net only fed and clad, but instructed In the tenets peculiar to UseX This Is to be com mended, as arc charity and good works every where; but such Institutions must look to private contributions for support, and not t«> tbc State. The Stale says to litem: “ En joy your creeds nnmolcoicd, and exercise the godly spirit of charity in the manner most conformable to your own consciences; that is a matter with which the Government can have no concern/’ The industrial School is entitled to the same protection and the same priviliges extended hyonrlawsto ull religious and cliaritablc institutions, and with this it should rest content. The more «.f the* unfortunate children tliat It rescues fr< ui degradation and poverty, the more elf- it commend itself to the respect and admiration cf ull com! men, aud the more trui-nrcs does It lay up In Heaven. And I pr« ci-ely eo with any otter Christian school, | übether called by this name or that. If our various religious organizations would sup p(,jt and instruct all the dcstUuleaud vaerant clolun n, then, haply, the Government v«,;iM have none of the work to perform. Lnl so ii.rg as it has a work to do In this mailer, it should proceed without extending e; i-c;al privileges to the adherents of any j n tlcnlar seel- If it is proper to give SIO,OCX) oj this fund to a Catholic school, it Is equally proper to give SIO,OOO to an Episcopal school, or a Methodist school, or a Universalist Fchool. Every sect might claim a pro rata pharc ; and If the Baptists could show that they paid more taxes than cny other dcaom malif-n, then the Baptists would be entitled to a larger sum than any other. It is tie duty of the city government to provide maintenance aud proper in struction lor the vagrant and do titutc chil dren, and if the Kefoim School doe? not meet this demand, it should be made to u eet It. But the Government has no right ‘ to regard children who are cared for and educated by the benevolence and zeal ot a - joi-giotm s-ct as either “destitute” or •• vagrant,” whether that sect be Jew or Gentile, Protestant or Catholic. It is the forlorn, the forsaken, the outcast, whom neither Christian, Jew nor Mahoiucdan his taken under iris wing, that the Government rescues from h!s wart and misery, not more us an act of humanity than as a measure of wif-c pu -lie policy. „ We si e not unmindful of the fact that it Is a untt of the Catholic faith, that the highest form ofLuman endeavor Is to save s.‘U!t from heresy, and from the pains thereof. A like opinion Is held by some of the Protestant Churches concerning their ui\n form of faith. Probably If the principle vei»* c>laUisbed that the holding of such be lief is. a sudden! warrant for an appropria tion of public money to the nitrate schools or rhariii*-* of such denominations, there \v- nJd be a much larger demand on the city l r; usury than could be met. A STATE COPfVErmON. We have heretofore s’ ' that the provi sion in the Stale ConstU a restraining the people of the Sta*u from uold«ng a Conven tion to propose amendments to that instru ment. was told ol therefore it was in the po«er of the Legislature to order a Convention, subject to the approval of the people. The Chicago Times flippantly pro tests against the Convention, insisting that as long as one man objects this cannot be done. ..]j die "h"le people of Illinois should deter mine ic rcmod-l l-e(r Constitution l»y a oetliod not authorised iu the cxl.-ticg o-ctolc law. there would » no one to question their rigUttodo so, provided they d.d aol propose to conErmreo' the 'i- dr:al compart- But if » minority, even an Indl cilirc:., should not enter tuw that deu>r ruination, that minority would have the rinht to oi-iici and the fsi’oreor rel«-f.l of the majority this Hriit of the minority would be in act ol revolutionary despotism, pure and simple.” The present Constitution of Illinois pro vldcs that co Convention to revise the Constitution siiall be called in this State until two-thirds of both branches of the Legislature shall airree to submit to the people the question of a Convention or no Convention, at an election to be held two years thereafter, when, if the people express their wish for such a Convention, the nest Legislature shall order the same. This provision recognizes that the power to amend the Constitution and to call a Con vention rests exclusively in the people, and ret it is a restriction upon the people, reaching to the extent of vesting In a mi nority of the Legislature the discretionary posver of permitting the people to exercise that right or not. The right to make, alter and abolish a Slate Constitution Is Inherent in the people of that State. So far as it relates to their own Government as dis connected from the National Gov ernment, they cannot direct themselves of flat exclusive authority and control over the matter. Individuals may forfeit by their crimes all political privilege*-, bat the peo l ie those who constitute the* legal body of theStete, be the number great or small, can not divest themselves of the right to make and unmake at pleasure any law or constitu tion made by themselves for' their own ex clusive government. IT the generation 01 people In Illinois In 1547 could pnhlblt themselves and those who were to succeed them from amending their Constitution for three years, they conld bare made that pro* bibltlon ten, thirty or fifty years, or could have made the prohibition a general one. The authority to restrain for a day nccessa rlly includes the authority to restrain for any time, no matter how long; and la there any person snob a dolt as to Insist that as long os there is one man In the State to object to a change, a State Constitution most remain the irrcpealablc and unchangeable law of the State? Yet that is the claim which the Ytmri makes In behalf of the mi nority. -Once admit that a majority may make a Constitution which cannot be changed, and the rights of minorities will be privileges of the minority that they can agi tate the repeal or amendment of unjust aud oppressive laws, aud this privilege would be a barren one, if, when that minority had be come the majority, they found themselves tied down by an irrcpealablc provision of law enacted by a former majority. This question Is not a new one. It was decided in the case of New York years ago, where a majority of tbe people disregarding a similar restriction upon tbeir rights, coiled a Convention, framed a Constitution, ratified it, and made it the law of the Slate. The legitimacy of that action has been passed upoo, and there is no man in New York or elsewhere who will question the validity of tbe proceeding. The people of this day may make a Constitu tion which will be the supreme law o! the State until It is amended, or changed, or abolished for another by the people; bat there oven the authority of the people stops. They cannot take from themselves, nor from those who come alter them, the like privi lege of amending the Constitution at pleas ure. Tbc essential point in a State Constitution is that it has proceeded from the people, and has been ratified by them. All else is matter of form. Whenever the people of this State by a formal vote of the majority order a Con vention, that order Is as authoritative as if It had the endorsements ofa dozen Legislatures. Legislatures may order Conventions, but unless the order be approved by the people it - *o tuu popular sanction which gives validity to the whole proceeding, and the concurrence of the Legislature gives it no additional weight. The province ot the Legislature is merely to provide the forms for executing tbc express command of tbc people. Instead, then, of our proposition that the Leglslftnrc designate an early day for an election at which tbe people may vote for or against a Convention, being a proposition to destroy the ‘"rights of minorities,” it Is a vindication of those lights, because it de nies end repudiates tbc claim set up by the Tunes, that a majority ot one year may bind by an Irrepealable and unchangeable law the minority and the whole people for all time to come. We repeat the question, If tbe Legislature shall desig nate an early day for taking a vote of the people for or against Convention; and If the majority shall vote for the Conveution and a Constitution shall be framed aud for mally rat ifled by the rotes of the majority of tbc whole people, who Is there to dispute the authority of that Constitution ? We kcow that when the same thing was done in New York, there were persona who claimed that the consent of the whole people was neces sary; but these factious and captious ob jectors were overwhelmed by judicial de clrloi's, and the objection sunk Into con , team. ESVOIiI E JT3ADE EAST A petition is in circulation for the repeal ol u statute of this State, belonging rather to the feudal ages thjn to this century, which declares that “married women and “infants, who, in the judgment of tbe racdl “cal superintendent, are evidently insane * 4 or distracted, may he received aud dc “ faiued in the hospital on the request of the “ husband, or the woman, or the parent, or 44 guardian of the infants, without the evi dence of insanity or distraction required in 4 * other eases.” It would perhaps require a search warrant to find out who is zncautby “ the woman of the infants” spoken ofin the section quoted ; hut the general scope of the law U too plain to be misunderstood. If Mr. John Smith docs nut like his wife us well as he ought to, and for any reason wants to pat her out of the way, without killing her, and can get the Superintendent of the Asylum to say he thinks she Is “distracted,” why, then, Mrs. John Smith must go into the hospital and stay there, until her lord and master and the medical officer sec fit to let her out. Thus Mr. Smith ircU a prac tical divorce a maua ct thoro, without the trouble, expense or scandal of a lawsuit; and all the kind-hearted gossips of the neighborhood sigh over the unfortunate fate of the said John Smith, and extend their sympathies to him because he has had his wife torn from him by a painful dispensation of Piovideuce, more dreadful than death. We believe instances of this kind have oc curred in the State ol Illinois. We arc in formed that they have, aud wo see nothing to prevent them except the good disposition of husbands, and the integrity and sagacity of medical superintendents. Those who have read tho Wander- lug dew will remember with what devilish cunning the wicked Doctor argued Mademoiselle tie Cardavillc into the belief tLat she was Insane; and how, by the com bination of a number of facts perfectly inno cent and rational in themselves, be makes out a case of distraction.” A cuuuiag man might deceive even a Doctor, especially if he hud his coiihdccce. A guardian could dis pose of a troublesome ward in the same mamur, end avail himself of his orherab sente to bwa’low up the estate. We have no idea the law in question is coutrtllutiunal, but it certainly ought to bo re pealed. 11 belongV to the d;irk ages. It is devoid cut only of “woman’s right*” but of iiumau rights, and Isa reproach to our slat* ulc books. The petitn.n for Its rcp.-al has already bccu signed by many leading ciil i zcii.«, and no man will, we presum 1 .*, refuse I to sigu It imicss he wants to put his own 1 wife into the asylum. The Legislature, from sheer gallantry, should either repeal the law, or pass anew one giving the wife the >auie light to semi her husband to the asylum, if she docs not like to live with him. cm' »Phcuh ASaitasnr:vxs. In the U»i of proposed amendments to the Ciiy Charter, adopted in Committee of th: ■Whole, by the Common Council, there is cue relating to special asi-cssmcnts for improve ments which makes s-uch a radical change lu the sy stem liltbet to followed lu ibis ciiy. that we think it must have escaped the particular attention of many who voted ior it. It pro Tides that— “tiic. —. I pon receiving an application for tbe :r«kii'g ol air- iJ»j.rovcr.;cut, except seirew a id main i>i\ cr. ;bo doing of which l> wilb'D itte Ui-t --auuon uou contra) ot the municipal government uf laid u:v, tb-. >aia Hoard shall proceed (o laves npaic tb« it>m; and if they tbuli rteicrmicc that ioc»i improvement la nccc.-aarj and proper, tber rittU lepoJt ILcpame to ttc Common Council, ac tuQipaned v»itb a sUtctneiit of the expense ihcrroC. and a proper oruiuance or order dlrccdtu itc work, «ml slum )l tucb estimate specify bow ia«;ch ol ram expense, in Ibeir opinion, may Uc propcily cbarccable to real estate especially ben i-liud ly toed uuprowmeut. and bow much there oj may be property to and paid out of ibe general lend, or om < f tire proceeds ot any _ti vial tax autbuiJaed to be Jevud by said city. Uaili.c reported on eocii application, and ivcom mending Chat (be improvement be made, or disap proving p f the doing of \u as is provided lor in the aU»vc mentioned act, ibe Common Council ruav then. Is cHbercase. order (be doing of snch work or ibe mating ot such public improvement, after having oblamed from rnch Hoard an e-n --msteortbe extent** thereof; and shall in such Cider -ne lit wbat amount ol said estimated ex pense shall be chargeable to and paid out ol the proceeds of the evj.ciai lu-d or out of the pro ceeds of any general (ax authorized to be levied by said city.” This is a provision to saddle upon Ibe whole city the cost of making improvements ihat arc essentially local, and the expense of which, in all like cases, has hitherto been paid by the property especially benefited. The effect la to transfer from a comparatively few persons, to the general public, the expense of all street and other Improvements, The South Division and a portion of the We*t Division, have, at great expense to the property-holders,paved a number of streets, opened new streets, and otherwise made permanent Improvements. The expense of all this has been large, and has been boffac exclusively by the owners of the property directly benefited. There Is hardly an instancc,we suppose,where the pro perty thus taxed with the cost of such work, lias not been Increased in value five times the'amount of the tax, and generally the proportion is much greater; ami the rule of assessment has given general satisfaction. The Common Council now propose to sub stitute another system, whereby the benefit ol grading or paving a street shall be ad justed between the owner of the property on that street and the general public who may have to use it. For. instance, they propose to pave a street one mile long, at an expense of SIOO,OOO. The property on that street will be increased in value three times that sum by the improvement; but the Council pro pose that they shall have the power to tax the whole city for one-half the cost of that work on the plea that the whole city, having the use oi thcstrect, must be equally benefit ed by the Improvement. If the city had the means to pave every street In Chicago, thereby adding to the value of ail the proper ty alike, Uictc would, perhaps, bo a reason for avoiding special assessments, and paying for the whole out of the general fund. But when one-third of the city has been im proved at the cost of the owners of the real estate fronting on snch paved streets. Is It just to tax that same properly over again to lay for paving other streets ! The owners of property on Sooth Clark street have paid for the i*aving of that street, from Lake to Twelfth street. Is U honest or lair to tax them again for paving North Clark street? Tet that is the direct effect of the proposed amendment to the Charter. Another proposed work is’to deepen and widen the river in order to improve the dockage. These docks are not owned by the, city save at the erds of streets, bat by private corporations and individuals, and pay largo rentals. Is it just to tar the en tire properly of Clrcago in order to increase the value of lots fronting on lb a river, by improving them as docks? Let the owners of those docks, whctc property Is to be in creased in vatnc, and whoso rents arc to bo doubled by the Improvements, pay the expense, and not tax the entire properly of tbo city for their especial benefit. Streets will not be Improved until such time as the property fronting thereon will be directly by the work. The work wilt always be done with special refer ence to the interest of the property-owners. Why then should any portion of tbe expense be. paid from a.general tax; and . why should it not be paid by those espe cially interested in It ? Wc know that tbcConncllhave discretion* ary rower to refuse any appropriation from the general fund for such Improvements; bat who docs not know that tbo effect will be that all these works will be made charge* able, in whole or In part, to the general fund? We have sixteen wards and thirty-two Al dermen. The moment tbat one Alderman proposes a work in his precinct, to be paid lor out of the general fund, that moment every other Alderman will, from the natural demands of bis constituents, have a like work, to be paid for in a like manner. No Alderman will vote to pay oat of tbc general fund for a local Improvement, not in bis own ward, unless be can obtain alike measure for bis own constituents; every measure will, therefore, ho dependent forits success upon the number of other like measures which arc also to be adopted, and thus, in tbe end, the whole system of Improvements will become a charge upon tbc general fund, creating a general annual fox that will he appalling in Us magnitude. There is one point where tbe city might in terpose tbc general fund in place of special assessments; and tbat la where a street or alloy has been Improved at the special cost of property-owners, it might justly be kept In repair, partly at Uio expense of the city, to which In fact tbc work has been donated by those who originally paid for It. We hope the Council will review their ac tion upon this matter, and let me rale of assessments for special Improvements remain a* It Is. TRE HABEAS COBPI/S ACT. John Wentworth seems to be demagoging heavily on the Senatorial question. His speech in tbc House of Representatives on Friday last, was an attempt to couple Judge Trumbull with the Supreme Court decision iu the Milligan case, in such manner as to bring the latter into disrepute among his political friends. Mr. Wentworth over-esti mates bis own political consequence, and undcr-eftlmatea the intelligence of the peo ple of Illinois, if he Imagines that his speech on the Habeas Corpus Act, or his motion to repeal that law, will have the Intended effect, lie says that the real blame of the decision in the Milligan case rests with those who passed the Habeas Corpus Act, and that the Judges could not have decided otherwise than as they did. There Is the usual mix lure of sense and nonsense in Mr. Went worth's remarks. Undoubtedly the deeUlou of the Court was correct. That is not what the people arc concerned about. They are looking at the obiter dictum which was at tached to the decision, and which might Lave been attached to any other decision as well. The history of the Habeas Corpus Act, as shown in the Congressional Glebe, thirty, seventh Congress, third session, is as follows; House of Kei'jiusENTATivrs, December 5, i*i Mr. Stevens, of Pennsylvania, gave no th-o; ./i.-intvntlon to introduce a bill “to ir.«: rmiiy the President and other persons for t it; ] ending the privilege of the writ of habcoi, (jtj.-us, and acts done In pursuance thereof.” Dec. S, Sir. Stevens Introduced the afore said bill, (H. R-, No. 531.) iiam objected to the second reading of the bill The question was then put, “shall the hill he rejected 1” aud it was decided in the negative. Mr. Stevens moved that it be made the special order for Thursday next. Mr. Vallandiciiam objected. Mr. Stevens then moved that the bill do pass. After be ing read the hill was passed ; yeas M, nays4s. Senate, December D, the bill (Q. R. No. 531) was received and referred to the Com mittee on the Judiciary. January 15,15G3, Mr. Tiroium., from the Committee, on the Judiciary, reported the hill (li. K. No. 501) with an amendment. Af ter debate, Mr. Sheehan moved a further amendment, providing that civilian prison cis shall be brought before a Judge of the United States within ten days after their nr rest on a writ of habeas eorjtu*. Mr. Wilson moved to amend the amendment by insert ing ILlrtv days Instead of ten days. Mr. ■\\ msoN’b amendment was agreed to, and Mr. Suesman’s amendment was then agreed to by yeas 22, nays IT, J/r. Trumbull ro’.iag in the negative. Jmiuary 27, the bill (H. R. No. 501) passed, yeas 35, nays 7. House of Revuesent atives, February 10. The llonse non-coucurrcd in the Senate’s amendment to tbc bil'. (U. R. No. 591) and asked for a Comml tec of Conference, to wliich the Senate assented. Messrs. bicvENs, Bi>t.uam and Pexdlbtox were appointed managers of the Committee of Coufcience on the part of the House, and Messrs. Tin XUUX.L, Coi.i.amer and Willet on tile part of the Senate. March - 2, Mr. Stcvexs presented to the House the report of the Committee of Con ference on the bill (11. H. No. 521), and it n os agreed to—ycas CO, nays 44. Maich2, Mr. Trumbull presented to the Senate the same icport, and it was agreed to without a division. Mm eh 3, the Private Secretary of the Pres ident announced that tie President of the i.riled Stales had approved the bill of the Home. No t-bl. I/ciitcnant Mage, of tti-* French navy, recently ictd before the Geographical Society in Paris a saiiatlvr of hi« Havels into tb" Interior of Sene lie mentioned that he met In a Tillage, vli’Ji Hungo Pari, records ho ribbed, an ocio nemo, •’ho rcmcmbeied to have seen In «j.s caily youth a 1111110 man, bnt a while man who mnstbavc been extremely poor, for he made uo pn sent. Den. Grove l-awmice, of Syraense, who wa* appointed by Governor Slarcy. in IS3- 5 , first .ladgc or ibc Coart of Common Pica-* for Osonaa.pi Cotm’y, died on Saturday l« j lot tke age or 71 years. He Map io tbe United Mates Army Id IflT, and ia the militia was promoted through nacre.— Mvc p:iu!cs to the rank ot BrigadUr Genera!, which he held for several year*. JiOKIUBLE MURDER* An lllluotaau Shoot* a Southerner on Ihuird A T)l>*itwlppl Sleamor,- The murderer Jlorudlj Wounded by oibtr PaMCDguv. Birxircis, January 5.—A horrible murder was peipctiatcd on Ibc steamer T, L. McGill yester day, while lying at New Madrid. Mo. An old wui named a. G. Wilson, trom Illinois, who got aboard above during the night previous, took great offence at a fellow passenger named Hrowp, who wore a grey Croat, «bom some passengers called a ccoci in Yesterday morning while the boat wt* lying at Ibelandfag. WiHoa loaded a shot guu, went on (be hurricane deck, levelled and fhot at Broun, who was converging with Mr. Ixirg oio, ot Atlanta, but as be was la the a-*i of firing. Brown stepped aside and Longford re celled a shot In the bead, lulling him instantly. Wiben then r&vcd likea maniac, saying he had dot.c God a service by killing a rebel. Oa tbe passengers attempting io arrest him he attempted to fire again, ana several robots were fired a: him wounding l»lm mortally. He had lost a son in the Union army. Longford, served in tbe same uimy. MEXICO. I>cobrt3o Still Alire—Cortina* Join* Fortune* ivlib CamUct—XUcy Pro claim Apaimt Juarez* Galveston. January 3.—' The Cou rier of the Rd Inn. is received. Escobedo had cot been captured or hung, at wa« reported, but was well &X.O on Ids way to Monterey on the alt. Ihe Libciala weie tt’en evacuating jjaa Lola Polos 1. asd marching os ilunterav. Coilinas bad joined fortunes with Canales, and nrcdamicd against Juarcr, bn* in favor of no one In paitlcalarr i hej were going to Tampico to ous: Gomez. BaLobal, tbe Governor of Tamanllps*. had made an acceptable prodataaUon toihc citizens. FROM SEW YORK. Specie Shipmctiti—An Edltnai Blor dered by Her Jealona Lover. New Yoke. January s.—Tho steamer for Europe to-day took SGfJ.TSI; total for tbe week, #-'17,311. Mrs. Fanny tWllard, fashion editress of tbe Sunday was murdered by policeman Thomas W. Burke, who a'terwards shot and allied bfxuselL Lo\o ana jealousy was the cause. Sirs. M illard had rejected nlssutu FROM HOCK ISLAND. A Wlfs Shot by her fluaband. Rock I-lasd, January 3.—This motulrp, a Get* man ralcon-kccpor named Frank Burger, quar reled with his wife because she refused to give up to him her earnings, and. in a Hi of in-aue anger, stet her. She Is not expected to survive. Barger is a dissipated bud. • - *• FBO3I CHARLFSTOS. Strike of the Stcxeodorej*. Chaclxston, January 4.—A1l the laborers on the w harvcr. white and colored, have struts lor higher wages. The case of hill holders acalnsV the local hanks for the lecowrj of assets, is now boms argued iu the United Sta:ea CuurL Railroad Accidents. Tavnton. 15a*s., January 6.—1b0 pssesnrcr tram irctn Boston came into collision with a rn l~ht iiain at Wvir Siation,thls m»ming,«evorclv lajuilcc conductor Jones, of tbe former, aud bsg* cape-uiaster Arnold, who i> is feaicd will oat live, bio other person* much Injured. Cincwkati, January s.—The rear car of the passenger train going north, on the Sandusky, I’aytcnd: Ch.dnn&il Road. wa» thrown from tee track near llOn, 10-dny. A lady and hor were killed and several others injured. San Franclaco mining Shares, Ac* San Francisco, January 4 —Mining shares closed a* follows: Savage, £100; Yellow Jacket. 2C2S; Ophtr, 143; Cbotlar, ail; Imperial. 12*. Ijcgal tenders ere at 7t; highest qujtatlou of wheat 41.50 per lU> pound*. Foreign and Domestic Trade of charleston, s. C, Cmuuxerox. S. C., January 4.—The raloe of the exports for the laal three month? I?; 4.slU, and ol the coastwise trade, THE NATIONAL BANKS. Greenbacks versus Legal Tenders. BDwt or Substituting Lceal Tenders for National Bank Iwoea—Tbe Lots and Vain Considered—Some New Views of the tobjecu [Editorial Correspondence of the Chicago Til* bone.] Nrsr Yon*, January 6,15G7. It can not be denied that plausible and captivating reasons arc offered in favor of the proposition to oblige the National Banks to withdraw and redeem their notes In cir culation, and to fill the vacuum thus created with a new issue or legal tenders. It Is speciously argued by the advocates of the scheme, that “the Government is paying the banka eighteen millions annually for a currency redeemable in legal tenders (and consequently theoretically inferior,to green backs,} when the Government itself could furnish a better currency for nothing, and thereby save to the tax payers $16,000,000 a year, now given to the banks without con sideration.’* It must be admitted that very many Re publicans who have not reflected deeply on the subject, and a large majority of the Dem ocrats, favor a substitution of legal tenders fur National Bank notes—the Democrats out of traditional antipathy to whatever is called “National Banks,” and others for the economical reasons above sUted- We take U for granted that no Republican ' would advocate a discontinuance of the Na tional Banks, if he thought it would impair the credit of the Government or injure the financial interests of the country. Let ns take a fair, impartial and candid survey of the effect and consequence, on the national welfare of the people, of forcing the Natlonalßanks to retire their notes from circu lation, and consider whether, on the whole, the country would be the gainer or *toser by the operation. No one can object to this . test, or to a fair balancing of the profit and loss of the matter. In the first place, it is a gross error to suppose that if the bank notes were with drawn, the Government could issue sSflO.floA.onrt ofprmflnhaolas to fill the vacuum, without inflating or increasing the currency in circulation. The banks aro obliged by law to keep in their vaults a reserve of twenty-five per cent In legal tenders on the amount of their notes In circulation, and on their deposits received. The deposit ac count of the National Banks is very much larger than their notes In circulation, as shown by their quarterly statements. Their account stands In round numbers as follows: Notes In circulation, $300.000,000; deposits received, $503,510,570. In the large cities the deposit account {ls twice to thrice as great os the notes In cir culation, while among the country hanks the notes about equal the deposits; but, taken in the aggregate, the deposits are nearly double the circulation of bank notes. The banks are obliged to keep locked un and withdrawn from circulation, legal ten ders to the following amounts: Twenty five per cent to protect note-holders, $75,000,000; twenty-five per cent to protect depositors, $141,000,000; total greenbacks held in reserve, $210,000,000. If the notes of the banks were all withdrawn, of course this $210,000,000 of legal tenders would pass Into circulation, leaving only room for $34,000,000 of new greenbacks to fill the whole space previously occupied by the $300,000,000 of bank notes. The Government would, therefore, gain by the withdrawal of the bank notes less than one-third as much us Is popularly supposed. Instead of saving the interest on three hundred millions of bonds, computed at eighteen millions, it would only save the Interest on os many bonds as $84,000,000 of greenbacks would purchase. Quoting the Five-Twenties at their present market value, the purchase of buuds would amount to $30,000,000, and the Interest saved thereon, $-1,300,000, instead of $13,000,000, as popu larly supposed. But the saving of interest would nut be even this sum, because only a part of ttie bonds pledged by the banks for the redemption of their notes diawsixper cent interest. Of the $310,303,150, which the Treasury holds as security for the re demption of National Bank note:, $190,000,000 are in 10-40’s, which draw but five percent Intoiest. And five per cent on $35,000,000, calling the KHOs par, amounts to $4,250,000; , ui d this is absolutely all the Government | could save in Interest on the national debt by obliging the National Banks to retire the Inst dollar of their circulation, and to fill whatever vacuum would bo thus created, with greenbacks. The assumed eighteen millions of saving thus shrinks, before the Lard touch of facta, to a little more than four millions. "We might safely rest the ease here, but will proceed with the survey a few steps further, as the inquiry is an important one, and the public can not help feeling interested in the subject. Under the present banking law, the Na tional Banks must pay one per cent a year on their notvs in circulation, ouo-balf per cent on their average deposits, one-half per cent on their capital above amount invested in United Stales bonds, and, in addition to these three taxes, they must pay a license of two mills on their capital—the license Of no bank to be less thau one hundred dollars. Let vs foot these various Items and see what amount the National Banks arc pouring into the Treasury In compensation for their bank ing privileges under the law : Cue per ccnl on fIW.OCO.OOO circulation.s7,ooo, HPO Ui c Dslf per cent on $5&,31U.57U deposits U,?i7,sju Ore-lia;f per cent on espi al in cxcvsa ot United states bond*. $01,915,i ; iy 32 J,STS wo mill* license tax on capital of ttl.V-iTfcs'JW $17,557 Total bark taxes s6,a*»;i,«C' Tin* taxes paid during Inc fiscal year end ing June 30 th last, were less thau above, because the circulation, deposits and cape lal of the hanks were much less than uuw ilut henceforth the banks will pay not loss than seven millions of taxes per annum, aud, as their capital and deposits increase, so wi‘! the amount ol revenue which the Govern inonl will derive from them. Here, then, we find that the bauks are costing the Government for their notes $4.25(1,000, and are paying into the Treasury $T,000,000 for their banking franchises and privileges. In other words, if the National Banks were to retire from the field, and withdraw their circulation, and let the Gov ernment fill the vacuum cicatcd thereby, it would face five per cent interest on $55,000,000, amounting to $4,250,000, and would lose $7,000,000 of taxes now being collected from the National Banks. This is what the Gov ernment would gain (?) by monopolizing the note-issuing business. But we may be met herewith the criticism that the loj-s to the revenue would only be the $3,000,000 of taxes on circulation. Even if this were true, it whittles down the $4,250,ftX) aforesaid to $1,250,000; and we might ask, Would it be wise to disturb the 1 whole banking system of the United Stites for the doubtful chance of saving $1,250,0i» : •m currency in the course of a year? But the Government will inevitably lose all or the greater portion of the $4,000,000 taxes now received on deposits and capital. Let Congress force the National Banks to retire their notes from circulation, and very few or nouc of them will retain their charters. In order to redeem their circulation they will have to sell their bonds deposited in the United States Treasury. The Government holds - the following amount of bonds for the redemption, first of the notes in circulation, and, second, for the partial security of depositors, viz: Bonds held by the United States Treasurer..,. .... Notes In cltculalion. Surplus bonds. After the circulation is alt redeemed, there will still be left, for the protection of de positors, the forty to ‘fifty millions of sur plus bonds, and the two hundred and fifteen millions of n serve legal tenders, besides the proceeds of all the disconnted paper, and other capital of the banks. But, the banks baying gone into liquidation, and paid off all their liabilities to note holders and depositors, and collected their debts and sold their bonds, there will then exist no further con nection with the Government. The last lig ament will then be severed that kept them under control of Congress and the Bank Commission. For the stockholders to re sume business under their charters wonld be foolish and absurd, as 11 would subject them :o an onerous federal taxation on their capi tal and deposits, while, at the same time, they would be heavily assessed by the State, county, city and township authorities for all sorts of State and local purpose?. Bankers are not In the habit of voluntarily joying extra tuxes, and those who think they wonld resume business under their national ebar- prs for the purpose of paying four to five •gtPßous of taxes Into the Federal treasury, aJSJrricvonslv mistaken. r The stockholders of not one bank In a hun dred would think of working under their na tional charters after their bonds were sold, their notes redeemed and their depositors paid off. The whole system wonld practi cally end with the retlracy of their circula tion. and the banking act itself wonld be re pealed by Congress very soon thereafter. What then wonld be tbe financial condi tion of affairs? What fiscal agents wonld substitute the dcftxnct National Banks ? The currency of the country would then be ex clusively legal tenders. The stockholders of the late National Banks wonld invest their capital variously—each man to suit himself. Private banks, or shaving shops, wonld spring up like mushrooms. The rates of in terest would be whatever the money lenders could get, just as It was before the National Banks were established. One and a half to two percent a month would be the ruling and customary rates for those who needed money very badly. Tbe necessities oi the borrower would determine the depth of tbe shave. Capitalists who had not time nor iacliaa- tion to run private shaving shops, would club their funds and set up business under old Slate charter*, and, like the “cellar shark*,’’ take all the Interest they could get, but do it with more circumlocution, red tape and show of respectability. There would be no longer any Government control or regulation over the business of banking. The note holders would be safe enough, hut depositors would have no other security than generous confidence. There would bo no forty odd millions of bonds on deposit, and 215,000,000 ol legal tender reserves on which to fall back on in the event of a financial panic, or a run on the banks. It would be the pood old era of wild-catting restored, when the rule was, “every man for himself, and the devil take the hind most.” It would be quite safe to estimate that the rate of interest in the United States would be increased three per cent in consequence of the destination of our admirable National Banking system. The bank loans and discounts in the Uni ted Stales, Including savings banks, trust and loan companies, and private banks, amounts to one thousand millions of dollars. It may be much more, but cannot be less, as the discounts ot the National Banks are two thirds of that sum. Three per cent on this amount is thirty millions a year, which the public would have to pay more than they now do for bank accommodations. The notes and bonds held by creditors against debtors, for personal and real estate sold, and moneys advanced on mortgages, will, at the very lowest, amount to fifteen hundred millions of dollars ; and the abolition of the National Banka will certainly have the effect of raising the interest on snch debtors at least one per cent, or an aggregate of fifteen millions of dollars per annum in the United Slates. Let ns now post the books, and sec how the account stands * The Government win gain by extla- • calehlnx (he National Cants 5 per cent interest on t65,0U0,0U0 of U-10 bonds z 1*50,000 Ft contra; The Government will lose: Taxes on National Banks 7,000,000 Gain, u over the left” S2,T3O,OttJ The public will pa/ on Bank discounts 3 per cent extra fntercat 30,000,000 Debtors will fpay on notes and mort* - gases extra Interest 1 per cent 13,000.r0> Gross loss A farther sum should be added to these figures to represent the losses that would be suffered by depositors by the continual “failures” of the shaving and shlnplaster shops which would take the place of the National Banks. The rates of Interest paid by manufac turers, merchants and produce buyers arc necessarily charged on the cost of the goods sold, and subtracted from the price paid for products. The farmer, mechanic, laborer and professional man arc, therefore, directly interested In keeping the rates of interest on discounts to business men as low as possible, for on the four classes named ninety-five per cent paid will finally fall. The merchant may negotiate tnc rate of interest with the money lender, but the raisers of produce and •.he consumers of goods must pay it in the end. I have not yet considered, or even alluded to, the probable effect on the value of Federal Securities, aud on the credit of the Government, It would have for the banks to withdraw their $511,000,000 of bonds deposited in Washing ton. and to throw them on the market for sale. This is a very Important and delicate branch of the subject, which I tear has not been properly taken Into account by the ad vocates of the extinguishment of the Nation-, al Banking system. I have shown that the’ Government coaid only take up $85,000,003 oflO-10, or $80,000,000 of 5-20 bonds with the new legal tenders it could issue to fill the vacuum that would be created by the re tiracy of the National Bank notes. This would leave upwards of two hundred aud fifty millions of bonds to be sold toother classes of capitalists than the stockholders of the National Banks. Could It be done without serious depreciation of the Federal Securities, attended by a similar deprecia tion of greenbacks, for the value of the latter is governed bythevalucofthc former? The capitalists connected with the National Banks, would cease to be heavy holders of National bonds. They would have no special pecuniary interest in supporting the credit of the bonds except to the extent the same might affect the value of greenbacks. The powerful, organized Influence of the banks, at all events could and would no longer he actively enlisted in malDtainiug, defending and promoting the credit of the National securities at home and abroad. lam firmly of the belief that the market value of the bonds would seriously depreciate, and the credit of the Government suffer for some years at least, In consequence of abolishing thc support of the National Banks. Each roan must judge for himself how ranch in jury this would inflict on the country. It was the opinion of Chief Justice Chase, who originated the National Batik system, that without their active-help aud the immense' credit they extended to the National Treas ury during the war, he never could have pro vided the lund* tequired to put down the rc- hellion. There remains one further aspect of this subject which roust not be passed over in silence. The extinguishment of the National Banks would be quickly followed by a resto* ration of the old mnltltndlnoas and mlscclla* neons systems of State banks. The National Banks would hardly be wound up before an agitation would begin in the Eastern States, having Its centres in New York,Bo3lou,Phll adeJphla and Washington, for the ro-eatah* lUlmicnt of the former State banks. The pressure that would bo brought to bear on Congress, would ho tremendous. Boards of Trade, manufacturers, importers,wholesalers and retailors—in short all business circles would unite in the demand for the restoration of State banks. They would be impc'lcd to this course to escape from the greedy, unre strained rapacity of the ehaviug shops and money lenders who wonld skin them alive. The legislatures of all the Eastern and some ••f the'Westeru and Southern States wonld quickly charter Slate hanks of Issue, aud vole instructions to their Representatives and teno’ors In Congress to repeal all taxes, re- strictions and unfriendly Iccislatloa hereto, fore imposed on such Institutions, and it is folly and blindness not to see that Congress would grant the request of the commercial classes thus backed by the legislative bodies, and would either withdraw two or three hundred millions of legal tenders to make room for the new issues, or allow the State banka to inflate the currency to that extent. This country will not consent to gut alone without some system of banks of issue. That much Is cerUiu, and seems to be necessary to the modern mode of transacting business. The real question then Is, shall the banking and currency of this nation be under the cuutrol and subject to the regulations of the stipu-me National Government, or ehall they be Kit to the management discretion aud caprice of forty provincial governments? Shall there be forty systems of hanking and currency, or one uniform National system ? Shall the money In circulation have equal value throughout the broad limits of the Re public? or shall it have as many quotations os there are States? Shall It be based and secured on the property and credit of the whole Republic? or only on miscellaneous local stocks or individual solvency? Shall the depositor and note-holder be secured, or only the latter, partially ? Who wants to re vive the period when counterfeiters, coun terfeit detectors and broken bank ehorers nourished and prospered? 1 bis country tried for a quarter of a centu ry the miscellaneous systems of State hank ing which succeeded the abolition of the old United Status Bank, which never laHetTuT redeem Us notes or pay Us depositors; but I do not believe that the people would now voluntarily exchange the National for the State banking system. The are not hanker ing for a return of the wild-cat, red-dog, blue-pup period which cursed the country from the day the old United Slates Back was abolished until the present system of Na tional banking was instituted. This country ha* tiled all systems oi banking and currency, and the present one seems to be better adapted to the wants of the people, and unites more benefits aud less evil*4norc -security to note-holder and depositor, and more firmness and solvency, with ample accommodation ;o the public, thanjmy other system yet devised and tried. Suppose we conclude to lot well enough alone, for a while, at least. .KIQ.36VS) . ia%6ia.s7y .1 41.74U.53l An AtmxMng Scene* An English paper describes an amusing crmtnicn.fts, which occurred on the 24th nil. at the Theatre Royal, Portsmouth, t After the drama of “ Faust,” a piece was produced entitled “The Slave's Revenge.” the two leading characters being a slave aud a planter. In the course of the play the slave is turned over to the planter, who Is pretty liberal in the uscofthe lash. A num ber of seamen belonging to her Majesty's ship Hector were seated in the nil, and it was observed that Ihov did not appear to relish this stale of things, watching the movements of the two with anx ious looks and expressions of disappro bation. At length the slave is sup posed to be laid Insensible, and the brutal planter Is about to spurn him with his loot when one of the seamen could stand it no longer, but leaped upon the stage, put ting bun sell in a fighttng attitude, and his appearance so startled the planter that he made his exit from the stage as quickly as possible, having the tor in undisturbed pos session. The sailor looked upon the matter as a reality, for he loudly exclaimed,“Kick & man when he Is down ; not if 1 know it ’” aud taking up the astonished slave In liis arms as carefully as If he was a baby, he quietly deposited him In the wings. This strange Incident excited no little commoMon in tbc well filled house. The curtain was lowered, and it was not until Jack had been appeased by the assertion of the slave that he bad not been ill treated, that he retired from the Mage and allowed the play to pro ceed. The 1 eland Brothers hare leased tte Dclavon douse, at Albany, for tea years, at on ■"’"■'l rent Ot SG£,COJ. EUROPE. The Sawn of a New Era in Aus trian Politics. FEASCIS JOSEPH JLS TEOUBLE. BcTclutiouarj Attitude of the Prortu cial legislatures. The Hungarian Imbroglio. orn mssi letter. TbeDiwn of a New Era In Austrian Politic*— llevolutlo nary atovementt In the Provincial Legislature*— Sccc*- ■ton Tendencies Jn the Empire—Plain Talk to tnc Kaiser—Loud Demands for Constitutional Liberty—Francis Joseph the Object of Universal Ifopo lar Denunciation—'Tltc Hungarian Imbroglio—An Independent Empire In the Valley of the Lower Danube* [Sp ecial Con cspoudcnce of the Chicago Tribune.] Vitxxa. Austria, Decembers, 1S>;0. All the deterred hope and anxious expec tation of the Austrian public of an eventual resuscitation of light and life lu tho body politic, in place of the darkness and stagna- tion that have now prevailed in it for so many months, concentrated upon the meet ing of nineteen of the twenty provincial Legislatures of the Empire, convoked and opened during the latter part of lost month. It was hoped and believed that these repre sentative bodies, though their limited pre- rogatives precluded the possibility of a coer cive pressure upon the policy of the Govern- ment, would as yet produce some whole some agitation and commotion, or at least remind the rulers of the Empire of their duties and promises to tbeir subjects. That these general anticipations were not unfounded, the developments of the last few weeks have fully proved. In seve ral of the provincial assemblies, events have already taken place that have attracted uni versal attention, and produced great excite* PAgnt from one end of the Empire to the must be taken as the dawn of a new era in Austrian politics. In Austria, os everywhere else in the mon- $47,750,000 urcbical States of the Continent, it is a par* llamentary custom that the first business transacted by legislative bodies has invari ably to be the preparation of an address to the sovereign. In answer, as It were, of his decree of convocation, embodying the popu lar wishes and expectations ol the supreme power in the land. The observance of this custom in ibe Legislatures of the Provinces of Lower and Upper Austria, Salzburg and Moravia, and the Hungarian Parliament, has given rise, on the one hand, to some very emphatic demonstatlons of thepopuhr dis content with the misrule of the Impe rial Government, and, on the other, to some very striking Indications of tbc steady centrifugal, or rather secession, tendencies of the s.vcral nationalities com* potlngthcpolyelotwholeoftheEmpiro. The ntnal practice followed Ingettlng un the ad* dresses to the Monarch, is to permit the sev eral political parties or factions to submit drafts ol their own, embodying their several views and wishes, lor the consideration of the respective legislatures. The several drafts are discussed at length and finally voted up* 00. It was during the discussions upon the subject ol the address in the mentioned provincial assemblies,that the first legislative criticisms upon the disastrous conduct of public affairs, and the first manifestations of the old rivalry of the different nationalities since last winter, found expression in more or less violent form. It was bat meet that the most remarkable oftbose legislative demonstrations against the Government should be performed here, la the political capital and at the main centre of mateiial and intellectual life in Austria. Vienna, it is necessary to state in explana tion, besides being the general Capital of the Empire, is also that of Lower Austria, and the Landing, or Legislature, of that province sits within us walls. Among the city and country meml>crs, there arc men of the high* cst talents, broadest acquirements and tne most liberal political principies—in tact, the very flower of political intelligence in Aus tria* More than four-fifths of the members being in favor of conveying to the Emperor an unreserved cxpros» 5 .0 nof popular feeling concerning the merits cf his political admin* istratien.-it was not difllcut to procure a dralt of nn nddr. sS in the special committee ap pointed for the purpose, rcalulng this object

to the fullest extent. A? reported by the committee, the address tells the Emperor, substantially, in the plainest terms, that the * late all but overwhelming misfortunes of the Empire were in a great measure due to the weakness arising from the internal dissatisfaiioa and discord produced in the most faithful depen dencies of the Crown by the suspension of the Constitution; that it was an inexcusable in justice on the part of the Government to do- prive the larger wortion of the people of the Empire temporarily of their political rights by means of the suspension, in order to con ciliate the minority of Magyars, who op j>osed the Federal Constitution because of its supposed interference with their own an cient political charter; that the suppression of constitutional liberty cost Austria the sym pathies of Germany and Europe at large In the late struggle; that the public finances hud never been worse managed, and that, in view of the exclusion of the representatives of the people from participation in devising measures of relief, no change for the better could he expected; and finally, that the present Immediate advisers of his Majesty had proved themselves utterly incapable to conduct public affairs,and forfeited the public confidence, and that a change of Ministry could not he made a moment too soon. Not satisfied with the frank, bold and de termined tenor of the address, the boldest of the opposition members also spoke their miuds most freely during Its discussion in open session. Speeches were delivered upon the subject, than which none more bitter and denunciatory of the policy of the Gov ernment have been nttered in Vienna, since the revolutionary days 0f1?43-W. Among those that gave vent to their pent-up Indig nation, regardless of consequences, the deputies Karanda,Czcdik and Schindler were the most prominent. The first mentioned is one of the oldest and truest champions of constitutional liberty in Austria. Both he and M. Czcdik spoke with great warmth and poiotedness of language. They charged, without hesitation, all the individual and general woe and humiliation suficrcd in Austria daring the past few months, to the blind reactionary policy, and the lamentable Incapacity of her mlers. The)* denounced In unsparing terms the taking away of the constitutional guar antees of the limited liberties enjoyed by the Austrian people; the obstinate resistance of the Government to all political progress In general, and to the Improvement of the means of popular education and the emanci pation of public affairs from the Influence of the Church in special. They expressed a be lief that this rotten state of things could not last much longer, aud confidently pre dicted that, unless radical, sweeping re forms were instituted without delay, the disjointed, frail structures of state would not be held together many years more, but suddenly and violently full Irreparably as- sunder.* These speeches produced a pro innnd sensation and impression; not only in Vienna, but also in the Provinces, and were published In full by all the leading papers of the Empire. In response to them the Landtag adopted the address by a vote of 44 to S. Hardly less outspoken than the addresses of the Landtag of Lower Austria were the addusses adopted by, and some of the speeches thereon, delivered In the legislative assemblies of Upper Austria, Salzburg and Moravia. In the Landtag of Moravia, the well-known Dr. Übkra made a great speech, as remarkable as that of Mr. Karsnda. The addresses were not all equally censori ous in tone, but they all breathed the utmost dissatisfaction and despondency, and urged the immediate adoption of measures of gen eral reiorm. A feature, common to them all, deserving particular notice, as foreshadow ing the future, Is the deep lamentation over the severance of the ancient tics between Austria and Germany by the late war, and the confident assertion that the unnatural separation cannot and must not be lasting. : According to present appearance?, nearly all ; the provincial assemblies of the western par- j llon.of the Empire will agree upon addresses 1 conveying similar Intimations to the Emper or. Even from the Landtag of Bohemia, al though autonomous aspirations arc in the ascendancy In that body, owing to the pro 'nrtßinancc of tbc Czech element, voices will demand the re-establishment of the Federal Constitution. The imperial Government, then, is view of these unmistakable indications of tbc popu lar wishes, could not be at a loss how to conciliate the larger portion of Its subjects, but for the character of the other political problem, that requires as much attention and i fiurs as much difficulty as that of meeting the demands of the Provinces mentioned, namely: the Hungarian imbroglio. Be tween the Scylla of the Federal aspirations of the Provinces this side of the Leytba (the river fonnlrg the frontier of Hungary), nnd the Charybdls of the autonomous demands of the dependencies on the other side, it finds itself, indeed, in a most perplexing E??llionf While from Vienna, Brand, inz, Salzburg, GraU, Klagenfurth and the other capitals of the Western Provinces, it Is urged, to revive the Federal Con stitution, evidence of strong opposi tion to the resuscltatation of the latter reaches it from the Diet sitting in the capital of Hungary. The proceedings in that body relative to the customary response to the opening rescript or message of the Emperor, arc, though likewise Indicative of dissatisfaction with the policy of the Govern ment, ruallv of a tendency all but diamet rically opposite to the legislative demonstra tions alluded to, but of no less general inter est, owing to tbc deep bearing they will no doubt have upon the Cite of the Empire at la the rescript convoking the Hungarian Diet, the Emperor, while expressing a wil lingnoss torecognizc the claims of the King dom of Hungary to autonomous government, |n«i«tcd tJj»on claiming certain sovereign rights as belonging exclusively to the Crown, I namely: Supreme authority as to the or- : ganlzaiion and recruitment of the army; the ( regulation of custom matters; the levying ) ol indirect taxes, and all financial questions, j iuclddiDg the absolute control of the national i debt, and the right to use the public credit. The recognition of these sovereign ; rights, the rescript intimated, on the part of the Diet, was to be the condition precedent ( to the re-cstabUshrocnt of a separate Minis trr for the administration of the affairs of the Kingdom. The rescript was not fovora blv received by the Diet, Inasmuch as it dis appointed the general anticipation of the Makars, that an antonomus government would be established for Hungary by the appointment of an independent Ministry, to bl* located at Pestb, as an earnest of the tor.a Side intentions of the Imperial Govern ment to settle the vexed question of con flicting rights in accordance with the wisnes of the Hungarian people and their own Con stitution. before further concessions were demanded by the legislative authority of the Kingdom. Both the Diet party of con servative projitesaiflU and the radical Mag- J. Mtdill. yarn gave expression to decided disappoint ment at the non-fulfilment of the national expectations; but they did not coincide in : their respective views as to the best coarse u> Lc pursued in regard to the rescript. Frauds Beak, the great leader of the former moved that, in answer to the Imperial mes sage, an address be adopted, in which, first, the immcdiatcrevival of the ancient Consti tution of the Kingdom, In all its parts, be impressively urged; and, secondly, the un willingness of the Diet expressed to lake the propositions before them in the rescript as a basis for an understanding between the Crown and the Diet, Into cousideration.nutll the labor* of the Special Committee of Fif teen, appointed at the last session for the purpose of elaborating a scheme of com promise, be fully completed and the report of the committee received and considered. Tisza, the leader of the left, or Radicals, on the other hand, made the defiant motion to vote an address, in which the revival of the Hungarian Constitution be demanded; and, at the same time, the declaration embodied that, as long as this de mand would not be complied with, the Diet, would suspend its functions and abso lutely refuse to act upon any of the sugges tions of the Imperial Government. The two motions have been discussed w ithout Interruption, in the Diet, since they were first entered. All the leaders of the Conservatives, as well as the Radicals, joined in the daily debates, and delivered them selves of more or less elaborate speeches. The speakers on the Radical side are holding forth against the Vienna authorities with the greatest persistency, and declaim every day upon their faithlessness in the bitterest terms. Even the Conservatives, though ad vocating the wisdom of a moderate course of action, have not a word to say in defence of the Imperial Government. On the contrary, they point wiihoul fail to the many errors and breaches of promise it has been guilty of m the past. Thus, while differing as to'the grounds of oppoeition, the Hungarian Diet stands before the Government in exactly tho same hostile attitude as the Eastern provin cial assemblies. The Emperor and lus Min* istry have never found themselves, indeed, in more isolated position, and never more decidedly at variance with all their subjects than at the present time. The Beak party having almost a two thirds majority in the Diet, it may be con sidered certaiu that its programmc'ln regard to the address will be carried out. Its sue* cess will prevent the immediate culmination of the existing differences between the Gov ernment and the Magyars into a fatal crisis; but it is evident that it will efi'eet only a postponement, not an absolute putting off, of the troublous time to come. For there are as yet no indications whatever that even the Conservatives are willing to come to terms with the Government on tho conditions of the imperial rescript. Either the Crown or the Diet will have to make further conces sions befcrc the Hungarian problem is likely to be brought to a final solution. And the Magyars are confident of their strength, and ‘oo conscious of the present weakness of the Government, to accept a settlement on any but their own terms —namely: The complete autonomy of all the dependencies ol the Hungarian crown. Ills understood that the Government docs not propose to define the future political status of the Western provinces until the Hungarian question is fully settled- Should it yield, as it seems now most probable, to the Magyar demands for autonomy, it will bo compelled to adopt the principle of dual ism, that is, two separate administrations respectively for the Western and Eastern por tions of the Empire. In that event, the Ger man clement will have the ascendancy in tho former, by virtue of Us numerical pre ponderance and greater thrill and intelli ircncc, and the Magyar element in the latter. There are precedents enough in history to warrant the prediction that such a double headed bodv politic, composed of heteroge neous yet national elements, cannot live long. The present generation may yet wit ness the establishment of an independent empire In the valley of the Lower Danube, and the rc-uniou of the German-Austrian provinces with the rest of Germany under the Hohenzollern dynasty. THE GEOLOGY OF ILLINOIS. I‘ullicafion of tlie State Geologist’s Reports* A Krvltw of tlicir Contents—Valuable aud IntireMiup. Popular information —TLcC'oul rlridiior tillmls—Enipor tancc;«l'the Application of Scientific Principles—'Tl»o .Uluoral Kesourccj* of tlic State—lSulldtng Mouc, Copper nud Glass— Sand— h orsxatlon of the Prol* rtv. [From Oar Agricultural Correspondent ] CiiAMTAJax. 111.. Janaary 3. The law authorizing the geological survey of the State was passed in the session of 1851, sixteen years siuce, and yet this is the first report published, if we except a pam phlet of some sixty pages on Illinois coals, printed by the Tkiucnc, and a scries of let ters in regard to soils. This latter was occasioned by an attack by the Kentucky papers on the Tui nrxE in defence of the soil, climate, and general prosperity of the State. The emi gration from Kentucky had become so great, and the advantages of our free institutions so far superior, that the Louisville papers In particular became alarmed, and commenced a warfare by belittling our advantages. This was of short duration, and ended In sending thousands of the b-'st farmers of Kentucky to locate in our State. A. 11. Warthcn, the present State Geolo gist, was appointed early i« ISSB, by Gover nor BUscil, and from that time may be doled the active prosecution of the survey. Re* Eoits have been made to each successive egislature, but lor various reasons uo ap* {■nations were made lor their publication until the last session. One ot the chief reasons urged was the great cofit of such a work for engraving, and the printing of maps. This was suort-gigLtcdJpoUcy, and has probably come to an cud, for the second volume Is nqw in the binder’s hands, nnd the third will be presented to the Legislature now about to convene. Volume one, now tinder consideration, presents the entire section ol rocks, from DuuKitb to Carlo, the lead regions of Galena and Hardin County, ami apportion ol the coal fields of the State. It Is but the beginning: of a more thorough survey of every portion of the Slate. The manuscript* while in the hands of the Secretary of Slate, hat been carefully exam ined by those interested in the coal and other miiitrai resources of the Slate, and the facts therein utilized, and a better system ol min ing has been the result. Minerals arc found in'ccrta'm rock strata or geologic periods. ’I bus lead is found iu the Trenton and blue limestone, copper in the Iluronian group, and coal above tbc Niagara limestone, which cuepa out atdoIKT, Kankakee and west of Chicago. CclCr is, iu many instances, an accidental property 01 rock, ond without other entire data,the several strata might to a large extent be confounded, and miners arc thus often misled. Fortunately fur science, each stratum has its peculiar finger marks, or rather contains skeletons of "certain insects or plants. For instance, tbc Kat-kakee lime stone contains fossils of the molusk family, or clam shells, some of which are two feet long, while the "raouulaln limestone” of Alton atd other points along the Mississippi River, so highly prized for lime*, is mainly composed oi a small spiral insect, and con tains none of the bivalve shells. With such facts and assistance, the geologist has little difficulty In determine the series to which anv outcrop of rock may belong. These several strata have their relative position iu the earth's crust, trom which there are no ex ceptions. VALUE OF OEOLOOT. With those facts before us, we can sec the practical use to which the science may he applied. The mimr may often be :it fault for the want of sufficient knowledge U> Iden tify the individual rocks. For, although the several strata lie in regular order, one above the other, U sometimes occurs that one* or more strata is wanting. At Morris the coal rests on the St. Peter’s sandstone, which is the outcrop. Now, between that aud the Niagara llnisctone, at Joliet, the Galena or lean-bearing limestone, aud what is called the Cincinnati group is wanting. Here, then, is the lend region. That is the place where we should look lor the outcrop of the lead-bearing rock, but we look in vain, for no such rock wns laid down, and the pre sumption must follow that, while the Gale nu district was submerged and the lead-bear ing rock was being formed, the Joliet dis trict was out of water, and probably grow ing vegetation for the coal measure. * Then, again.lbc miner is at fault in the sev eral beds of coal shales, for while these shales Indicate coal In carboniferous strata, they do not in the Devonian of Sabenbinfer ous scries. in llie history of coal tniningin this State, thousands of dollars hare been wasted on the opinions of miners, when If the facts had been presented to the geologist, be would hare informed them ol the folly ol their oat* lay. We can give some cases in point. Near Springfield if a thin scam ot coal of some twenty leches. The city, In boring for water, passed through a strata of coal of some seven feet, without the person In charge knowing the fact, and the same vein has been struck at the depth of twohundred feet, six miles east of the city. Had this boring been In charge of a competent geologist, or hud the city authorities submitted sped* mens of the boring at staled intervals of a few feet, no such olundcr would have oc curred. Then, again, as early as 1553 the Illinois Cential Baliroad Company Instituted a series of borings for water and coal, along the line of road south cl Kankakee. At the station of Champaign, then called Urbana, the boring was continued something over one hundred feet, but on the theory of a minor, and wotild-be geologist, the boring was abandoned, for S° Qr miner said the ccal horizon was above, not below, the surface. And this in face of the fact that the Kankakee limestone, above which is the coal measure, had not been reached. This man in whose ability the Illinois Central Railroad placed great reli ance, had concocted a theorv, that our coals lav in small basins, and, upon this hypo thesis decided that there was no coal in the county ofCbampaign. If * e look a little further wc find that the examinations of the survey has demonstrated that these veins of coal are continuous throughout the whole coal field, unles dis arranged by upheavals, and that the seven foot rein of Dttquoin Is found at Wilmington in the northeast corner of the field, at the depth of thirty feet in a vein of threo feet .in thickness. This fact being established, we might look tor coal along the Sangamon River to where It comes In conract with the Kankakee limestone, as an extension of the bed at Springfield, and the seam at Danville might be traced west to meet it. Without doubt, the two are identified. Taking the general dip of .tbo coal strata at Danville and the elevation to the w est, the geologist estimated that at the citv of Urbana, two miles from the bor ing of 1557, the coal would be found within two hundred and fifty feet of the gurtace. In proof of this, parties made the experitnent and struck the coal scam at two hundred and twenty-five feet, which Is supposed to be a vein of not less than seven feet. The parties arc uow sink ing a shaft for the purpose of raising the coal. At Catlin, on the Ureal Western Railroad, a shaft has been sunk, and quantities of coal robed from a seven foot vein, and that withont pterions borlner- Taking the theory demonstrated in this snrrey, the parties pur chased the land aud bonk a shaft, without hesitation, and /bund coal within five feet of the estimated depth. So ranch for the science of practical geology, as applied to oor coal fields. liad tbo Illinois Central Railroad employed A competent geologist lb 1557, it Is not prob able that they would now rim a daily coal train to Danville, a distance of foity-lwo miles, lor their supply of coal at Champaign and points north. When we look at the penny-.wiso policy that has, for at least six years, withheld these facts from the people, wo are oat of patience with It, and we can only attribute it to the forty day biennial sessions that do not. of course, give time to investigate facts that ore of use to the State at large, while each member has both hands and pockets full of local bills that fully occupy ms time. BUILDING STOKE. For the greater part of the “grand prai rie** and other parts of the Slate, building stone is out of the question, even for the walling up of wells and cisterns, aai for cellars. This is a great drawback to the value of prairie houses- The scarcity of brick, clay and wood makes this waut doubly felt, and the result is we see few cellars, either In town or country. There are a few boulders of granite and sandstone scattered in the drift, but these arc of little practical value. In casting our eyes along the rock formations of the MLoissippi lliver, where erasion of the waters have laid them bate, we see dykes or upheavals at sev eral points, over which the nrairie drift is spread in thin strata, to protect them from view. It Is highly probable that thesedykes may reach farmland, or occnr at independ ent'points where stone is needed for the pur pose mentioned, and that a careful survey of the several counties of the Stale may not discover them. The dyke west cf Chicago Is a ease In point, proving conclusively 'mat we may look for the same phenomena in other parts of the State. In Iroquois County we have artesian wells, the water of which lie between the Niagara limestone and the baud of blue clay above. The rock dips to the south and west and the water, filtering m through the beds of gravel follow along the slope of the rock until the clay Is reached, and finding an impervious bed abovo and below, has no ounet.uolil the augur boring through this crust of blue clay, the fountain is tapped and it seeks an outlet upward, COPPEB. Copper was supposed to have been among tho minerals of the State, but this survey his proved this to be a fallacy. The isolated specimens found in various parts of the State arc supposed to have been brought here during the drill period from the shores of Lake Superior, as these masses of pure copper show the grinding force ol the glacier, as exhibited iu the form of the boulders. The copper-bearing rock is below all the exposed rock strata of the State, and hence we may dismiss copper as an clement of the mineral wealth of the State. And yet cop per must, at no distant day, be au clement in the commercial wealth of the State. When the coal fields of Wilmington and of Champaign County become fully worked, their nearness to Chicago, where tho coal meets the coppeT ores by water transporta tion, will put all other points out of compe tition In the preparation of copper for mar ket. GLASS SAND. The SI. Peter’s Sandstone, the mala out crop cl which is between Ottawa and La- Salle, furnishes the best material for glass, and is easily mined, and, being iu the vicinity of extendre coal beds, which rest on it, as it dips below the surface, must, ut no distant day, bo a source of great wealth to the man ufacturing energy uf this State. When we take into consideration the well-known fact Unit a large amount of the sand used at Pitts burgh, Is transported from .Missouri, of this same sandstone, there known os the Saccha roidal sandstone, we may safely predict that uur State must supply not only the glass for home use, but for a large part of the North- west. Cheap coal, superior sand, cheap water and railroad transportation, mast and will give us a monopoly in glass manufac ture.' Already wc begin to sec symptoms of this state of things In Chicago. FORMATION OF THE PRAIRIE. This subject is treated at length, and offer: a reasonable solution of the question This chapter is well worth the study ol every farmer, and should have a general circula tion. At least its cardinal points have a bearing in regard to the culture of our soil, and explain many popular errors. We shall look for the succeeding volume with great in terest. Kcrai.. FROM EUROPE. CV OCEAN TELEGUAPJI. London, January 5 Evening. It Is raid that the Ministry will Introduce no Re form LUI ..t the coming session of Parliament, but will older Pariiament lo be dissolved In preference to doingso, and appeal to the people to support them In this action. The Ministers will not resign. tub nuroiia atovKXKNT. London, January 3. A most Imposing demonstration to lurthertbs l.’oh'rm movement will he made on (be assembling of FarliamenL Tbe advocates of Reform will turn out In groat force and present petitions in person to tbc various members of Parliament, urging in strong terms that a Reform Bill be presented and adopted. UEAVT SSOW BTOCM IX CXOCAXP. New Yobs. Janoary S. A special Cable telegram dated London, yester day, suites that England liaa been visited by a stiow storm of utueual and extraordinary severi ty. It commenced on Wednesday, and continued till Friday morning. Trade and travel aie almost completely ►U'jcr-dca. of London are choked with snow, ana the city U enveloped in fogs. Several accidents have occurred. The enow drifts are of great depth In tbe rural dis tricts, and many dwellings are almost hurl-d. The Underground Railroad affords the rhtnf means of 1- co;.iotiun around London. BKITCK S EARTHqt’AEE IK ALGERIA. Paris, January s—Noon. Advices from Algci la report aheavy earthquake, doing much damage. Latest Forclsu darkctN. Loxnox, January s—Noon. Tte rumor yesterday on 'Change, here and at Llver p.x)i,ihatrre?liU&t Johnson was dead, had a ir.g effect on prices. Cnnsob, to-day, Do*. American eecarltloj some ubt iuxif, S-AA.TS; Cr!c,&,*; Ililaola Central, Sl*. LmttPooL, January s—Noon. „ Cotton easier, quiet and unchanged, at Is;*d. The Peruvian fcailcJ to-c;ay, detained since Thursday by togs. The Queen and Asia also sailed to-day. Sales of cotton today, s,uoo bales. l.rrsxpooi.. January s—Evcain?. Cocscl»,9?V for money; MOs, 13; Illinois Central, SC; Erie, 16. Litebtool, January 3—Evening. Cet'on closes dull at lid for middling apiauTi. Tht tilts VX»y to'.tupF.WJ bab*. froh fasuknutos. [Sp. dal Despatch to the Chicago T’lbttr.o.] WasnnvoTojr. January 5. THE NXCUASEA nno_ The Nebraska Bill till probably {be forced to n vote on Monday. Mr. Wade will probably pro pore an amendment designed to remove the diffi culties which Air. Sumner and others with him have raised, by providing that the new Slate shall not 1 nact any law under its Constitution dlscrimi ifttirc on account of race or color. With this it is thought It cac be carried over a veto. TUB KABYXANO PXNATOIISntT. There Is meeb excitement In Eastern Maryland over the attempts to maze Swann Senator by the repeal of the laws making it necessary to take one Senator from the eastern shore, and several pa pers of that section are favoring the lormaUon ol a new State From Delaware and the East Virginia counties In case it Is done. cesroas nsreprs. The receipts ftoa customs at the below named po-ts, from the Sid to the 31ft of December inclu sive, wett ns follows; New York, $1,517,721.10; Philadelphia, $739,571$ Baltimore. $->1,500.73; Boston, from the 33d to the £Th, f 30C.031.03; New Orleans, from tbc 13tb to the 33d, Son Francisco, from December Ist to bth, ssT,pis.lC. BONDS rou THE UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD. The President to-day signed an Older for the delivery ofthe land patents and the bonds doe the Colon PacUc Railroad for the ninth section of thiny fivo miles of that road west from Omaha, which was recently completed. TRSAfcRT Dt«BrRSMTNrr9. The disbursanenls of the Government on ac count of the several named Departments during the week ending January sth were aa follows: War Department. fl.3S3.uCis; Navy Depaitment, fiTX,is*; interior Department, f3S,COG; total, fhiShKß. srovrxiST op troops. General Grant has ordered 350 recruits to be forwarded to the Second United States Cavalry, In the Department ol the Platte, from CarltsleMar racke, Pa. Tte Thirteenth United States Infantry, numbering 300 men, left this city to-day, for Omaha. Neb. National Bank currency to the amount of f !S,4fO was Issued during the week ending to-day, making the total sum Issued to date f3Jii,730,355, from which eboaid be deducted being lie amount cancelled, leaving the total circulation of National Banks at the present date t3a*,-j09,4i1». itouss nn-unucAs caucus ok toe ixteacu- KENT BSSOLCTIOJf. WasimrcTojc. January s.— The Republican caucus ol the members o: the House Republicans to-night was attended by about seventy mem bers.” Ibe proceetucge were not altogether har monious. The only subject considered was the adoption of resolution* in reference to th« Im peachment of the President. These were brought xorwnrd t>y Mr. Ashley, of Ohio, who had head selected by his colleagues in the House, to pre sent ibe resolutions. The proposed action was strongly opposed by Mr. Diiig'uam, of Ohio. The ground on which he based bis opposition was. tba! Congress uoali not have time to conclude the tnal proposed. and as the succeed* lug one wa* etnlotsvly radical, it would be best ana safest to leave the matter to the consideration and action ol the Fortieth Congress. Mr. Stevens thought there would be ample time Is this Congress to do whatever was to b? done, lie was cot. however, in Dvor of hastening a mailer of tcis kind, ana wes willing to afford an opportunity tor members of Congress to give due consideration to the measure proposed. He be* Ucvedthatii ought to be done, but was not will* Ing to go uuolt unless it could be done thor oughly and certainly. Mr, spaldlng. of Oblo, opnosed the proposed ac tion very cnrnesuj. He did not believe that any good would result from it. Mr. Higby, of California, though: it the most momentous question that bad beta presented for the consideration of the meabera of this Congress and. deprecated any hasty action. Mr. 'Vasbbanse, of Illinois, did not think Uial impeachment was possible, and while be bo- Uevea lb** the Proldent had done many things < setiously objectionable, he thought the proposi tion lor his Impeachment should be referred-to oneoithegtaLdicgcommluees, in order that it should t*e tegulariy and dispassionately consid ered. beioru being presented for the formal action of ite House. Mr. Boctweli, of Massachusetts, earnestly sup ported the proposition of Mr. Ashley. Meseis. Hasson, of lowa, and Whaley, of West Virginia, were in Otvor of die reference. The caucus determined that no resolution of that character should be adopted by the House, unless sustained by a vote of two-fhirds of the Republican members in can's?. and that in the meantime this resolution, and all others looking to the same purporc, should ba referred to the Judiciary Comnultcc of the House without de baie. _ ACTIOS OP THE SXSAT* TTSXSCS COXSTTCCX 05 toe rKEMnnxt’a ArroiNTXExra. WAsnntoTOS, January s.— lt is reported that the Senate Finance committee have taken a? the rrctidcEtial appointments. A proposition was mode and advocated to reject them «n mass', bat npen consideration this was rejected by cue ma- Joii'y. being considered os an indication ot a spirit of spite, which would be unbecoming the Senate of the United States. It was Ccally de cided tha; the nomination ol oca who fjrmorly acted with the Uepubllcaa party, their connection with the party, with the preinra ed object of obtaining office, shoald Other parties, who acted with the Hepabliein partydurirgthewar, and were consistent j>«no ettta and sood officer*, the committee mil re commend the confimutioo of appointments. GOVEKMfKNT HBODBITtBS. The Treasurer ot the Cnl’cd States holds Gor ernment pcconUes as rotlows: For National nsnv eircnlatioo. $310,333,150; fotfdepositories of public money, Pols I, $879,3j7.100. , cutmcrcr 139 U*D. Of one and two dollar United SteteS notes there were Issued to the Doited Slates depository at Baltimore, $50,000; dilto to Assistant Treasurer at Charleston, South Carolina, S;O,OW. crmSAL bttzklt: Receipts from internal Revenue receive* to-day were *585,Ci8. Total receipt* foe lie week. TH* COITOTTO CASE. To-day the exceptions taken by Mr. u. C. Coca ine to the ruling of (be Criminal Court in over ruling the demurrer enUrcd to the lodictmenPof perjury entered against Sanford Conover, In fate® ewiatliig before me Judiciary Committee of the House of Hepcceentativce. Is wing argued he r oro the District Snprcine Court in general term. Judges Olin, Ffcber and WyK&. IWITIWinT or THE BATTLE OP KTW ORLEANS. ILe bazqnct ip honor of the flfty-second anni versary 01 tbe battle of New Orleans will take place at ibe National on the evening of Tuesday next, and promises to be a {.road affair. Tbs President and Cabinet. ci-Prc-ldcnta, Generals Grant. Meade, Thomas, Kawllng?. Blsir, and other distinguished officers Have been invited. AZLKaXSAS DELEGATION—INTERVIEW WITS BA.DI- CAL COXfiRCSSSEK. WAsmxoToy, January s.—The Arkansas delc- Stlou to-day called on Hon. Thad. atcvecs, and "c, of Maine. Mr. Stevens received them po litely. hat not with much cordiality. During the interview he asked many questions of his visi tors calculated to develop their sentiments and feelings, nod those of the people of their State and section. Be asked if they bad seen bl» cnabhLg act, and supplied them with a copy, advising them to consider It, as it wontd be the poVcr adopted by Congress towards the late Confederate Stales. “At least.” he said, “it is the policy which I shall sup port.” At the close of me interview Mr. Stevens invited the gentlemen to call upon him again. The delegation derived little comfort or encour agement trom this Interview, and It Is donblftxl whether their engagements will permit them to call on Mr. Stevens again before their departure. Mr. Itlce also received them very kindly and politely, and conversed very freely with Them in legard to the political moaiiou, hat did not say Steen to encourage them. The dinner to the delegation at Mr. Seward’s this evening, is said to have been a brilliant affair. Besides the delegation and their boat. Secretary Browning and Colonel Seward were present. During the evening the members of the Cabinet and General Government visited the del egation in Mr. Seward’s parlors. The conversation was xnoiily on political subjects. bat of a non-committal character. General Grant expressed a hope for a speedy restoration of political and social relations. The members of the delegation express them selves much encouraged, and say they And affairs much more hopeful than they expected when they left home. Nearly all the delegation leave for Arkansas to-morrow, as previously announced. ABSANAAS. A Washington sptcial cays the Arkansas dele gation have been received with great kindness by the Radical members ot Congress, and are assured ibat if Arkansas accepts tbc Constitutional Amendment before next December abe will se cme representation in Congress. TUB DISTRICT SUFFRAGE BILL VETO. Wasuisqton, January s.—The District Sui Trace Bill having originated in the feecatc, the Presi dent's veto will go to that body Monday, that be ing the last day allowed by the Constitution la •which bo can veto the bill. There seems no doubt that be will send in a veto message. FROM SPUISti FIELD. The Proposition for a Constitutional Convention Generally Approved— Iton. Franklin Corwin, of LaSalle* the Pro liable Nominee far Speaker- Candidate* for other Offices—comesietl Flection Cuse—lmprovements la iLu* Assembly Uiaiitbon-Xiu 1 Senatorial QccMlon—Arrival ol I'rutulucnt Pet. aoiia b<?«. | special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.J Springfield, Hi., January 3. The proposition lor a Constitutional Conven tion is very generally discussed among the tncm ht.'P» of (he General Assembly, ami the senti ment. I may ray. Is undivided both as to the actual necessity fora Convention, and also the manner o! calling it. The views upon this subject recently enunciated by the t’hlcago rninttß ate ativcivalty endorsed. All of tbc members with whom I have conversed are in Crvor of snbtcitiiag the question to the people ai once, without re cognizing the circumlocution watch seems tube pointed out by the old Constitution, and If tbe people vote for It, then to have U assemble within the present year. The question of the Speakership of the House of Representatives is virtually settkd. As X tele graphed you yesterday, the list of candidates was reduced lo two—Hon. Franklin Corwin, of La- Salle, and llor. dames Dli.smore, of Whiteside. When the caucus assembles Una evening, Mr. D.remore hill move that Uon. Franklin Corwin be nominated by acclamation. The contest baa been a lively one, bnt all in good humor. Tho candidates for officers of Ibe two Houses are very numerous, nod each b> using bis best cards to se cure a place. A man lor each place will bo desig nated by ibe caucus to-night. • W. W. Sellers, Erq., o: IVkiu, wul probably be admitted as a number of ibe Bouse from Tazewell County, on the certificate furnished him by the County Clerk, and the responsibility of the contest thrown upon ins opponent. Dr. Saltoosall. There Is scarcely a doubt that Mr. Sellers will be confirmed in his scat when tbe House passes np.’ii the question. Tbc General Assembly chamocrs have been put in a thorough state ol repair underlie direction of the Secrv’aiy of Slate. New 011-clotb has been laid on the desks, the chairs varnished aud a new feature in the shape of reporters’ desks bas been added, for which the Secretary has the thauks ot the fraternity. A joint resolution will he Introduced the Genera] Assembly, at an early da? of the session, and will pass by a nearly unanimous vote,«s>ain<i tbe currency contraction policy of Secretary McCulloch. Tbe people want a redaction of iu tcrust-paying bonds, and nut of uun-Ictorest-pay lug currency. There has been a pretty active canvass on the Senatorial question to-day. 1 see no reason to ret erac my opinion of yesterday. Senator Trum bull's reuomioation, 1 think. Is placed beyond a doubt. The Slate Journal, of tils morclng, publishes your recent ailide on extending the ecs-lon ot (be legislature, and heartily endorses the opinions therein expressed. lion. Norman If. Judd, Senator Tates, Gover nor Wood, General Logan, General Palmer and several other prominent gentlemen arc here. Lu-ntenant Governor Dross and three or fo::r of the Chicago delegation arrived tela evening. Very nearly all Ilc Republican members of both branches of the General Assembly are Lets. LATEtt, Brpablican N'uuilnntlons for Officers of tUc Ruasc. [Special Deipateh to the Chicago Tribune.] SnuNcruap, 111., January 5. Tlie Republican House caucus met in the State Library to-night. E. R. Griegs, of Champaign, presided. 'Jhc following nominations were made : Speaker, lion. Franklin Corwin, of LaSalle, by acclamation ; Chief Clerk, Stephen G. Paddock, of Bureau, by acclamation; First Assistant Clerk. Charles XI. Wood, of Iroquois; Second Asaittonl Clerk, A. S. Thompson, of Warden ; Third Assistant Clerk, Jauiej K. Magi’-*, of Ful ton; Eugiue&lns Clerk, P. Moore, of Bond: First Assistant Engrossing Clerk, H C. Latham, of Sangamon; recoud Assistant Engrossing Clerk, Captain Maurice J. McGrath, of Kane; Third Assistant Engroisiog Clerk, Captain W. Clark, of Madison: Doorkeeper, Captain Francis Stimin. of Kankakee ; First Assistant, John A. Wall, of Alarum: Second Assi-tont, Alexander Pender, ol Sangamon; Postmaster A. J.Atacn, ofJeticreoo. CONGRESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS. SENATE, Washington. January 3. The Senate was n£r in session to-day. DOCSE. In accordance with a resolution adopted on Friday, to-day was devoted wholly to deua:c, a? in Committee of the Whole, os the President's Mca&age. ilr. SPALDING, of Ohio, addressed the Qonic In vindication of his own position upon the ques tion of reconstruction. In reply to {he cinctures Mr Stevens made on the SOtb ultimo, he said in the rcmarkawbich had called out the comments of Mr. Stevens. be bad express*/ stated that in bis iudzmcit the t atification of the Constitutional Amendment by throe-fourths of the loyal Slater, would make It a part of tbc Constitution, and that the action or inaction ol the rebel hiatus in reference to the amendment would he of Impor tance only as an evidence of their submission: but io reference to tne Constitutional Amendment he said his original understanding was that it was to be taken as a measure of concession in pan be tween the lo'al and disloyal Slates, and wnen the latter should have signified their approbation of the Constitutional Amendment, and should hare modelled their iftate Government so as to pass theonkal of Congress, they would be admitted to representation. The canvass in the State of Ohio was conducted on the batis of the Constitutional Amendment alone. Ue bad uniformly told the people In Ms district that when ever the Southern hhae.- adopted the Constitutional Amendment nc should veto to receive their representatives, and he bad never met with a dissenting voice m hi* district; and he would say further, even if the Reconstruction Bill Introduced by Mr. Stevens should become a law, be wouid still be la 1.1 vor of theauoption o: the Constitutional Amendment. Be had recently visited Petersburg, Virginia, and while tb*re tome gentlemen said they wanted the difficulties between the North and south settled. Be a>ked them why they repudiated the Constitu tional Amendment. Iney replied, if the amend ment were put Id force without the aid of tbs feouthem Stales, they would of course submit, but they could not consent to strike down thjlr Icadtrv for having participated with them in ihjlr common offence. Mr. KLLiXY (Pa.) raid he bad received letters from h> otth and south Carolina affirming lie views cf the men met hr Mr. hpala-ng at Petersburg. Mr. SPALDING resamtu: Formerly, he said, freedom of Ibonght and opinion had been encour aged 1c Congress ; but of late some had seemed to Chink difference of opinion on the part of an« member was equivalent to desertion of the Re publics party. It would take some rime and uonbic to get hun out of the Republican party, where be had been ever since the inception of rhe party, nor would he readily abandon his well considered views. Ibe term Radical was frequently misapplied. He had frequently been called the “damned Radical irom Ohio," [laughter,] but latterly be bad been charged with being somewhat conservative. Radicalism certainly did not mean oesootlsm or anarchy, nor was Congress prepared at the bugle hlsst of radicalism to run into the ground all the institutions ofoarpopalarfono of jtovenunem.nor were they ready a: command of their great leader to throw into condition of Terrtlonea or Provinces tcc old States that had entered into the Union a: its beginning, nor. having done that, were they reedy to go etUl farther and at the same time im peach the executive ofitcerofibe Government. Ibe President had undoubtedly dune many wrong acts, and be did not stand up to vindicate him, but he desired to vindicate our governmental institutions against their rude assaults at the same time, ana be wanted the House that a resort to extreme measured would certainly produce a reaction against the dominant ptrty. Another tested radicalism which had been setup was a willing!.tea to put a prohlbltoay tariff on foreign good?. and to extend the paper circulation of the country without limitation. He was in favor ot a reasonable tariff for protection of home Industry, but he did cot favor a prohibitory tarl£ nor was he piepari-d to denounce officers of the Govern ment who sold that we should stlil derive a por tion of oar revenue from tee duty ou Imports, uad he agreed with ihc Secretary of the Treasury that wc should gradually feel our way to specie pay ment. Mr. SPALDING made some further remarks de fending the policv ol the Secretary of the Treas- STEVENS replied to Mr. Spalding, con tending that the intimation last adapting an smemunent to the Constitution was reconstruc tion was pernicious in the extreme. He (Mr. Stc\ens)beu«ved three-fourths ol the loyal States only were necessary to amend the Constitution, and this being true, the doctrme of Mr. Spalding wocM ilood Congress with unreconstructed rebels as soon as the loyal States adopted the Constitu tional Amendment. Mr. SPALDING Inquired il the amendment to the Constitution had any reference to rccoustruc- U °Mr. STEVENS—Not a particle, except that when we may hereafter choose to admit lbs Southern butci. '-‘-hey ms? be controlled oy the negro Holes, mdool by nUls. At pusent we j... that these hare asy Government. Ur. SPALDING asked whether Mr. Stevea*- cosatnialoTj did noi recognize tfc e soitv.~ States’ organizations. aera Mr, STEVENS said so; that Confess '% is asy to the people oftboseSuuv. joat „ , f Government; ire repudiate ail jour Governs nu fcv Go os and form soch Governments as ru-t—i!: 'I«. orders yon ro form. 1" Mr. SPALDING inquired if Mr. s**reni b«d iJ“ set concurred in the majority report nfthefS. ML* l cOcaUuclion Committee, submitting the .Wt* meut to the Bouse. Also, whe her he ! voted/or the admission of Tennei.**?c. “ Mr. STEVENS replied that he voted for thv m mission of Tcnaessee without my regard to amcndmcDl. __ , -# Mr. NIBLACK inquired If Mr. Stevens tom -tJ* for the admission of IV-nncfsee, and If the pr> aa- ' ; £ hie of that act recited the fan tnas Tennessee tud Vi adopted the Constitutional Amendment. Iff Mr. STEVENS admitted that be ban so voted c;-S bat not oc account of the preamble, which re' r clUd many Rood things which Tentca-ee had '2 done. He so voted because Tenne*ecc had done 2 everything which had Been demanded of her by •: Congress. Mr. MAYNARD inquired If any otter Soaiben * States had doao what Tennessee had done, \ whether Mr. Steven* would vote as he did ia the c»>e ot Tennessee. .; Mr. SfEVENS replied that when those Slates . ; fesm Couftltulloce, and present idem, aad they ■ are found based on toe principles of Justice t'jn grass would admit them, fie, however, would Is newer vote for another State not recognizing oc- ® croanffraee. Pennsylvania and the other tree » States should blneh for their Infamous piailioa w on the negro sinrage question. Mr, STEVENS mado some farther remarks In i which be said the President was an obstruction \» to all loyal action, and an eyesore to all loyal : A BfiNDV, WENTWORTH, MAYNARD 3 and KELLEY alao spoke, and.ihe fiooac then »d- joutned. \ FROM ST. ions. Proceedings in tlic Mis«ouri teglala ture—Ulr.CroJce UtcPrvbsble Nominee T for Senator—Peiilan Mattcxs-Blver Ntwa, [Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.] £x. Loro, January 5. The Asacmbtv vejterday retbsed. to order an in vestigation into tho sale of the lion Mountain BaQroad. t>pon a count of noses it appears that at least seventj-tonr members of the Legislator® have de noted unqca’aiicdly for Mr. "Drake for United fettles feemtor. Inla secures bis nomination in canto?. Colonel Baker Montgomery has beer made a Brigadier General in tne Missouri militia, fur hi* late services in Lafa.ettc County. All tbc Protestant churche- have become incor porated associations in order to evade taxation. Ko movement has yet been male among this Catholics to that end Prominent Fenians have been confidently ex pecting exciting no»*a from Ireland all this week, andtbc statement that remains in New York baa esettrd gvnerri indignation. There I# a large quantity of amis now on band at the Fenian armory. The County Court have declared Masonic Hill exce pt trom caisson, thoues the uouutv Atiur teydeclane it is legally liable under the new Constitution. The wmiher !e Ellghtlv colder than yesterday. The Ice is rti-anpaarlns rapidly f-om the river. Fieight if engaged fi»r N*w Oilcans ai.ti.2s per barrel tor ilour. FRO3I BLOOIIISCTCS. !fl«ettDs In Aid of the SI. Loul*. Jnrk> mdtUlc dc Chicago Uallroad—lJiToru to Secure the Ternnsa* of Hie iz<»;«a at Dloomtncton—Z'mloJ Fall ieoui a llonre—\ouus Hen’s ChriMiaa .l.s->o (iailou Organized. [Special Dcapa’xh to tbe Chicago Tribune,! Blookisutuk, January 5. The prospect of securing lh« northern Urmiaus of the SI. I.oais, Jacksonville X Chicago Hi i I road at this point has awakened an r.ciivo Interest la the enterprise among the people o' this city sad along the lice of iht proposed route. An ••rr.-.a siastlo meettn a cf citizens was hcM at the i‘mri House last crewing. at which n rw-uluuor was nuanimocslv adopted 10 submit a proposition to the Tolers of this city ana township to subscribe a hundred ihoufODd dollars su'd, in aid of tbe enterprise, Mr. Blacksione of ibe Cfcicrg* £ Alloc Railroad, who is largclv Interested in u>,. St. J. & C*. Railroad. has givta atsurames that if the to«n9 along ibe line route he’ween Ibis p««lnl and the town ol Dcteva-i, iu Tazewell county. wf|; take s given amount or stock. ibe road will be built lo this dry. Hie pro -h.-ii-on lo vote one hundred Ihum-nad doMa-s la uid of the project w ill doubtless be carried. On Tuesday a man named Michael Flandda. Irving two miles west of this city, icll from ms horse while If toslcatcd, and was ?o itju:, d taat he died a few hoi’rs alter. He wa? an hornet, bard-workicg fanner, and hod been in the city to nuike a payment on a tract of laud he bad recent ly purchased. , A Vcung Men’s Christian Association has been organized In this city on the same general princi ples uf similar a-utdallun? iu oilier cities. The following officers were elected for the cn-ui'g year: President— E. I>. Swvcte. Vice Pie.i lcn’j —E. Carpenter and I»r. f*. tj. Wilson. I.Vcoidiag Secretary—Jehu Corrc.-pundiu. Secre tary—ll- G. Reeves. Tjen-arcr— l>. Kngg. IROR MILWAUKEE, Ualtrond Station Bnrncd by Irecemli* arlc»—Grand Kali t» be Given in XKnitor of tiic Chicago Zouavco, (Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.] lIiLWALRur. January 3. The depot building and several Height cars were burned at Schleiscaccrvillc. a German sta tion on the Milwaukee & MinrTjsoia Railroad, by Incendiaries. The fact that no effort has made by the citizens to exGsiculsa the dames shows com plicity. For sometime obstruction* have been f l .ccd on the truck and so much annoyance given to the trams that Ibe bit} crlnlcndem ot the road had ordered uu slot pages at that station, but for tiaina to run past to Hartford, ibe Railroad Cciuznay are epari’ g no efforts to bung the ’VouJd hr nicrJcrtr* to justice. Every preparation possible is being nude to nuke the bail lo be given on tb<; cih, in bouor of the Chicago Rouavo*. a perfect success. FROM LASSISU, MICH. Health of Governor Crapo—Thr Pun* slltutlonaL Amcuduient to be Submit ted to the Lcgislatarc on amuay— Crocvrdiupu iu il»e Stale ppeclal Despatch to lbs Chicago Tribune.J Lansing, Mich.. Jaau-iry 5. Tkc Governor was uol as well morning, bntia considerably improved this afternoon. He feck chcerlnl and bis attendant 4 think the crlsU hasj>a£«c>l. The Governor wit! scud 3 epectal mcarasc Monday submitting the amendment to the Federal Constitution. la tie benate to day the following E»UU wore in trodcced. read twice and referred : Tj &uth<>iize municipal corporations to pledge their credit in aid ot the railroad from the Bay 01 *aglnaw or Gcntsteu County to To edo ; io- U-jalia* issued hy (he towti* of Kalamazoo and >3 aid if tie Kalamazoo ami bchookrait Uai- i.d. In,ilc cotblcg imported tren^h-il. Tbelommitteea arc not yet announced. FKOH 3IADUSOX. Reunion of the Some of.Vew York—Lrg- Islatlvc CBiiciulng-Weaiher Report. [tpecbl Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.] > Madison, Wla.. January 5. lie Poos of New York, who recently organized s satiety bete, bad a reunion and dinner at the iio«!ale House last evening. There were ninety preset, representing la birthplace nearly every coirty in the Plate. A considerable Lumber of toa*j« were given, acd oppropHa'cly responded to. Con. George 13 Smith presided. i lew members of the Legislature and place seders have arrived, a> d lie work of canvassing In regard to the organization has begun. There wit be a pretty sharp contest for the Speakership. The Chief Clerkship will probably be di-pcsed of wlluout much difficulty. There are numerous caididatce for Sergeant-at-Aims of the ArseaibJy. t the Senate, Lieutenant C. L. Diring, formerly ofshe TbitUeth Regiment, and badiy wounded at Cdcar Mountain, seems to have the nest chance. lately snow enough fed to whiten the ground last night, and we arc still without sleighing. FBOH ST. PAUL. Krai Estate Speculators Conae to Grief— it. Paul Ts« tne Dntdien—The \V catfacr. ' [Special Dcepalch to the Chicago Tribune.] St Paix, Minn.. January 5, Speculators have been buying up tax tUl.** all o*lr the Stale, expecting to hold property tinder tbalaw passed in ISG?. The Supreme Court bos brought them to grief by deciding the law uncon stitutional and a lowing tie owfier to redeem by paying lax acd inWicst. ’the lung contested case betwren tho city and thetiolcbcrs, bas been decided by the Supremo Cotlla favor of the cuy. The city Imposed a license of S2OO a year on all meat markets outside the market-house. The batchers combined and louk the matter into court. Il has been snoviirg ail the afternoon, acd enough bas already (alien for tolerable sleighing. FROM CANADA. '1 lie Colonial Confederation trill not bo Censammatcd Before Tlay Next— Ef fort* ol the Grand Trunk Railway to fibre Free Pawagc or Personal Goods Ofer Tbelr Bond Tin Saipuulau Bridge—Fenian Supplies Detained Tar Payment ofUuty, hIrtSTKXAL, January 2.—The London corns poiidtst of the J/If-cTfA intimates that contcdera lion senot be adopted by the Impetia! ParlM roentfor three or four months. It will not bepro cl'-luKd in Canada before May. The Grand Trunk Railway Company offer to bind themselves In one hundred thousand dollars if the Treasury DebatCmtnt at Washington will give them permission to have personal goods shipped over their road i>aat tee Suspension BrUge without examination. Tuiosto, January s.—Tbc overcoats contribut ed by Roberts for the Feciau prisoners, ans de tained at the Custom House, the cJutr cot having been paid. The Cloth; to-day comments severely on (he re cent Dials at Swcetsburg, and the failure of Justice. - SnANXONTTtLF, C. W„ January s.—The train which left Montreal for the we*t yesterday fore noon, ran oil the track near here. The ■.mazing cur waa thrown across the track, and four persons slightly Injured. xosnrot, January s.—The JTinerra's London coruej.pondt.nt writes that the Canadian delegatee, raU:cr than sanction ihe act giving Protestants privileges refused to Catholics, will return without adopting any plan. PBOIISETV ORLEANS. movement for the Erection of an Ex tensive Grain Elevator—.Hordcred by Negroes—Tlte Turf. NrwOniE-Ofs, January S.—Efforts are In pro gress to erect at ot near New Orleans a grain ele vator of a capacity equal to any in »bc \Vc<*t. A report on this subject wi 1 be made to the Cham ber of Commerce on Monday next. Grain cun bo shipped Rom the West through New Orleans to Europe tnecty cents cheaper per bushel th *v through New York. Mr. Punts Spears was murdered ou Sunday ntgh«, la Wacten County, Mississippi, by a band of negroes, and hla bou-o burned, after being sacked. The plunder was found In the hvu?e* of the negrote, two ot whom hare been arrested. Three interesting races *ook place to-day. The first race was a dash 01 one ana one-fourth mile*, for beaten horses, and was won by Mol!:e Austin ; time, —SO. The second race, two mile heats, free for ail ages, was won by Harry of the West; time, and 4=2114. xte third race, mile hsais, was wen «y Local; time, andiCd'j. Track very heavy. MARYLAND. Action ofiiie Maryland LeeWalnrc la Be&ard to Slafrancaiscd Person*—l Constitutional Convention to be Call* cd, BAtrraoHX, January S.—The movement IB the Leg-slstsrctos9ta!>i<tetb( present City ment or otdrr a new election for the purpose or removing all disabilities from the now disfran chised portion ot the people of the sratc by the T>a*sage of a general emcertv act- and the caart ccntofa less stiingenl s--pl* *7 w * aw i« J EP’asure to the oppci.ects of lh<- existing tioverotnent. A new Co»>tU«tiotai bonveiuiou will specdjpr be railed sad the present Consola tion matenaUf atuccd. I