Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 8, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 8, 1867 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

€l)icago tribune. TUESDAY. JANUARY S. 1307, THE JpOVKRKOU’S RKBSSAGE, "Wepresent to onr readers this.morning the message of Governor Oglesby to the Gen eral Assembly of Illinois, delivered yesterday at Sprii gfield. The Governor, after an acknowledgment of the blessings - the people of this State have received from Divine Providence, states that agriculture, commerce, manufactures and mining, the great leading springs of the prosperity of the State, are rapidly expand ing, and each adding new and permanent wealth to the State. The result of the late elections, and the orderly manner In which they were conducted are made the subject of snccial congratulation. The universal joy occasioned by the return of Peace, Is only saddened by the knowledge of the thou sands who sleep in death upon the fields of their glory, and by the mangled forms of many smvivors. He pays a fitting tribute to the memory of Abraham Lincoln. In speaking of our State he well says: “It i« useless to talk of our resources, for they are limitless; of our means of wealth, for they arc boundless.” He gives a statement of the State debt; its partial liquidation, and the details of the various funds, aud their application; and informs the public tJtiil the holders of the Stebbius and Macalis ter bonds have finally accepted the long standing offer of the State, and have surren dered the same. The amount of revenue received during the last two years, from all sources, has been $1,351,789.10. The expenditures forall pur poses, sl,-'00,858.35. Under the present loose sjstcm of assessment, the ordinary tar for the next two years will not exceed $500,- OX>, while at leait S9SO,(XX) will be required. The present rate of twelve cents on the hundred dollars would be amply sufficient, if all the property in the State were made to pay taxes. and the assessment was any way fair. The assessed value of the faxablcs of the Stale in 1805 was $®»2,327,900. The Gov ernor expresses the belief that the real value of these Uxables is not less than-$1,200,000,- (AW lie recommends a Slate Board of Equal ization. The Governor communicates the details of the census of showing a population of white males, 1,093,111; white females, 1,033,i *9; tolal white, 2,124,170. Colored males, 9,112; colored females. 5,225; total colored, 17.340. Tolal population of the Stale, 2,141,510, with three counties esti- L :.',Cd. te Governor reminds the Legislature that tV.c Constitution makes it their duty, iu view of the increased population of the Stale to re-apportion the State for Senator* a;:d lU-pr.-seutatives ol the General Assem bly, with an addition of Are members to the Iloiitc, and recommends the flatter to their attention. Ihc receipts of general and local school luxes fur the year ending September, IS3-J. wa* and disburscmcntssl.3VJ,23 - 5. The Governor strongly commends the State charitable institutions to the liberal cure of the Legislature, and also recom mlsan annual appropriation for a hospital to: indigent blind. The nn:d~ contributed for a Soldiers’ ij liuiip* Home now reach $34,000, which have J-eiu invested; the Governor revom inei d> an appropriation in addition to this .-Mil to unable the trustees to locate the He calls attention to a proposition to establish a Soldiers' College in Fulton Comity, and also to the necessity of pecu niary aid by the State for the Soldiers' Ilome at Chicago, or provision for the support of ;:;l disabled men now taken care of in that imtitniion. The Lincoln Monument Association have ;-T.VvO. and $125,000 additional Is required; the Governor very feelingly commends the subject to the attention of the Legislature. Th.* Governor reminds the Legislature of the imp-Ttauce and necessity of action upon il. j Agricultural and Mechanic College fund, but dues net euggest any specific disposition oi it. The number of convicts in the Slate Pcni- U-ntiary is cow 1,073, being equal to tbe ca n.c ity of th&t institution. Tne building has cost S-’54/27, and §150,000 more are necessary to complete it, and to pay outstanding claims. Tbe Governor denies the claim of Mr. Bnckmaster that he is the Warden ofthe Vuiiut.Uii.ry, though he has been acting as -cob since isf-J, and he calls attention to the r.evetrity cl having the State represented by seme person ether than the lessee. He also rcn-innlcnds a House of Correction for juve nile offenders. He-recommends that public notice he required of all applications for par don, uml that twenty dollars instead of five, t-c iixcda.l the distinction between gioudand yeti’. laicony. Tt„ »*-• General, con ta mini: cor.cbe histories of the o<>«r>itinn4 of nur hoot s in the field, and much other in formation, is submitted,with a recommenda tion that i; be published ; ami,also, that the muster-rolls, eco., be all published. He give? deserved credit to the labors of the i-'cHiaiy Commission. On the Hrsl of January, ISO 7, the indebted i ts-of the State on account of the Illinois and Michigan Canal will bereduced to about minion of dollars. When that balance is di. < harmed, the canal a\ill become the prop* t-nv of the State. The importance of widen h i: the canal end of improving the navlga th-uofthc Illinois River arc forcibly pre sented, ccd the Governor thinks the Stale a right to expect that Congress will tvci.uiallv make the appropriation ncccssa rv for the conr-tmctlou ol the work. He .ilr-i, eomnv-i.ds the project of a canal from bridle to R.-ck Island, with a navigable ;V,-dor from Dixon, points out the several I'-. or n-aci’inglhc end,and suggests that rim whole matter be subjected to the pop* mar Jv'-amcnt before any action. •ie r. ' f.i.iiucr.ds that the Legislature take ; ■'’"U f«<r havmga Convention to revise.the in State Constitution. The to the Constitution of the U d iri.v.cs proposed by Congress at its : _*t .*.-rson, is dit>cusscd, and the Governor in f.i\ mining It to the Legislature heartily r. mend* that it be ratified. Thu mcfsagc of Governor Oglesby is a »-:oar and oompiehensive statement ot the of the state; it is an able document, vreditaMe alike to the author and to the of « hirh he is the honored Executive. I- v-ill Ire lead everywhere with interest and =: ■tufae;h , n. x.n. Ml AND t(IC U.V- OKAS CUtiPUS ACT. Tl:c cvciaico of Senator Trumbull arc try. Ill' if deiVat Jus rc-eicclion, by proclaiming Uj:il lie concurs in tbc recent decision of the r-.ipieiue Court in the case of Milligan. We are rot committed to Senator Trura ; all's ro-cleciion, but in the name of ail iLc people of Illinois, we demand fair j lay. .Senator Trumbull has never said that 1.- cMicun- in that decision, and It is certain ll*at be dh’crs entirely from the majority of :be Court in mr,nv points of its reasonin''. It should net be forgotten that the Court unanimous!?: its decision ; that Chief Jus tice Cl .ire and the three of his associates who nriud with him in his separate opinion, lully and explicitly concurred in the dec!- M,,n of all the points involved in the case,and inMsfd as stronuly asJudzc Davis and his j :?ruz‘rM2f. that Milligan's trial by a mili tary trib-nal in Indiana was unauthorized ; that bo was entitled to his habei* corpus and to hi» discharge from imprisonment, and that the Coinml*fiion which tried him had no juii.-diclion. As we have already shown in a former article, these were the only points pifeented in the record, and consequently, the only points settled. Chief Justice Chase is the Presidential candidate of a very Radi < ;il wir i; of the Republican party, and there are very fe\v men In the United Stales, pro -1 aMy, whose devotion to the cause of free d< m would not ho sooner called in qi:i>ibn. Tet Chief Justice Chase agrees with Judge Davis and the majority ol the Court in the disposition of Milli gan's case. The dillcrcncc In the two opinions, as we have formerly shown, was liot as to the decision of the questions in- t velvet! Iu the case itself, but as to the ««*©»* ? jor the decision; hr; more properly J cpcaUlmr, the declarations of doctrines ] •wholly out of the case before the Court. 1 ■\Vliui* Judge Davis said Congress had not 1 confined on a court-martial the power to irv Mi'ligan, he uttered au undeniable truth, aud Chief and the whole Court r vei d with him.* Bat when he went on and ...Vid cot only that Congress hn-J not con ferred such power, but that it c*>'M i.vl conicr it, be travelled out of the record, and declared a dangerous prin ciple, ’ with, which the Chief Justice could not agree, with which we do not agree, with which the country and Congress do not agree, and with which Senator Trumbull has declared that he docs not agree. Mr. Trum bull is himself the author of the two great measures which the Copperheads say are aimed at by the dbiUr dictum of the Supreme Court—the Civil Rights and the Frecdmeu’s Bureau Billf-; and it is not very reasonable to suppose that be has made haste to declare in advance the illegality of these important and comprehensive acts, which absorbed no kiuall poition of bis time and strength dur ing the last season of Congress. But, aware that any prejudice raised against •.he Senator by this false short lived, since it wholly founded upon a mis apprehension of terms audfccls. and at the worst could only fijacc him side by side with Chief Justice Chase, it Is sought to make it appear that all the mischief done or to be apprehended from Milligan's case, Is to be charged to the law of Congress under which that'decision was tendered, viz., the act of ilarch Sd, ISC?, passed for the purpose of authorizing the President to suspend the ha teat corpus, and to regulate judicial proceed ings under such suspension; and that - Ofinalor Trumbull is responsible for the dofocls of this law, cod consequently I for the Milligan decision itself. THls'rs \o- I tally Illogical; nevertheless It is Insisted op- | on hy Mr. John Wentworth, who probably | hopes to elevate himself into Mr. Tram* bull’s scat. In the first* place, if the law is defective, a great majority of both branches of Congress were laboring undera common er ror at the time oi Us passage. By reference to the proceedings it will appear that the measure was passed by very large ami deci sive majorities, and that It was opposed by the. Copperheads only, ' the friends of the Union standing by it oil the way through,- although-differing somewhat as to details. In the next'place Mr. Trumbull was not the author of the obnox ious second section of the- bill, nor was he more responsible for It, directly or , Indirectly, than many other Senators. This section, in feet, originated in the •House of Representatives, It was reported by Mr. Bingham, of Ohio, from the House Judiciary Committee, as far back as July S, ISC2, and Hr. Bingham's measure, after having passed both Houses of Congress, was finally, for convenience sake, engrafted upon Mr. Stevens’ habeas cor pus bill by a Committee of Conference and adopted, and stands on the statute-book to day almost in the very language of the orig inal, (as is shown in the Congressioital Globe of the auovc date), with some subsequent addi tions, t he most important of these having been originally proposed in the Senate by Mr. Sherman, ofOhlo. On the 23d of February, 18(3, when this section was under considera tion, Mr. Trumbull said: “Some Senators denominate this my bill. Why, sir, It Is “ a bill that passed the House of Represen ** tatives. lam not ihe author of it.” The measure was a very Important one, and, us we have already shown, was introduced at one session and passed at the next. It un derwent thorough scrutiny, and several ani mated and extended discussions, and the fonn in which it finally passed was the result of repeated deliberations in both branches of Congress. What took place in Conference Committees, we arc not pre pared to say. It is a rule of Congress not to divulge what does there take place. Mr. Wentworth, however, professes to know all about those proceedings, as well os the tecret inolives of the President, In riguinga measure he did not approve, although he could just as easily have kept it in his pocket, and thus prevented It becoming a law. it having been presented to him on the last day of the session. Few measures of the Thirty-seventh Congress were more thoroughly discussed or more maturely considered than the act iu question, and to hold any one member responsible for It, Is absurd, and, when we come to consider the purpose andobjcct bad iu view, unspeakably mean- lIOISSV KAILVi Ai' LIidISLATION, Ttc most important measure which has engaged the attention of the Common Coun cil during the past or present year, is the fol- • lowing proposed amendment to the City Charier, which was adopted on Saturday evening: •• The Common Counci] shall have power to au thorize the ufc of the streets and alleys in said city i»y railroad companies and city railroad com l-cu-i’.a for the purpose of laying tracks and run :;’Lg earn therein : Provid'd, however, permi«- cion or authority shall not be given nor shall any such gram or .permission already given, ho ex ici.d.'d. unless by the vote of at lean three-fourths of a]] the Allcmeo elected, such votes to be en tered bv ayes and toes on the records of the Coun- CI; ui-iJ j-t'ovhldl fvr'fur, lha' nogran* y consru\ C‘-''froc l ur p'nri'K-lnn heretofore or made, ufhei-ri.-fr to h* yir*it ortucde, shall he extend'd ’t-i'U or.c ynr *>f *hi f'-rm of the -xiura i«>;» of *•/<!, ftcJJy ounce*', contractor permission: P/rrin'd, la case •■Clhe veto ortho Mayor, It shsll reqnlr- tl-rce-foarths of the Council to uuthoifzj its passatfi-." The words In italics, which were proposed by Aid. Knickerbocker, and unanimously agreed to, will constitute, in out judgment, a vety eon.-idcrablc, if not a complete remedy, lo the attempted ninety-nine veer horse railway giab of the last Legislature. It will be remembered that, some eight years ago, the city * ntcred contracts with the horec-raiUray companies, granting them the right to occupy certain streets, for the period of twenty-five years, upon certain conditions, among ethers, that at the end of the twenty* five years the city should have the right to take possession of their tracks and other prop erty at theirappralscd value. In other words, the franchise was to revert to the city at the, end of twentv-five years, and the city was to take the iron, cars and hordes at their actual value, which was to be determined by three Commissioners chosen in a specified manner. Two years ago the horse railway men conceived the idea of stealing away the city’s right to resume the franchise at the ap pointed time. Tucir contract had still nine teen years lo run. The value of the fran chisel at its legal expiration, may be inferred from the fact that a number of responsible ] citizens offered to enter into bonds to pay j the city one million dollars for it. The per sons who made this offer were endeavoring to save the city’s rights, hy nn appeal to the Legislature against tbo crime which it was sought to perpetrate upon ns, and they made the offer in writing as a guarantee, merely of their sincerity and good faith. The proba bility is that the sum offered was far below what will be the actual value of the fran chise ccvcnleen years hence. The horse railway men prepared a bill ex tending their charter to the period of ninety nine years. The phraseology employed was intended to convey, with the charter ex tension, the right to occupy the streets of the city for the same period of time, viz.: ninety-nine years. The bill passed both branches ot the Legislature, in spite of the almost unanimous protest of the people of Chicago, who held public meetings to de nounce the measure, and sent numerous del* ogatlons to Springfield to oppose it. Gov ernor Oglesby, like an honest and brave man, vetoed the bill in a message presenting a host of unanswerable arguments against its passage. Then came the tug of war. No pcisonwbo resided here ten years ago can have forgotten the public excitement and indignation which marked the event. The whole State was agitated by the high-banded outrage attempted to be practiced upon two hundred thousand unoffending people. The bill was passed over tbo Governor’s veto, and the Legislature ; which passed It was as effectually damned as Andrew Johnson’s administration. Of the seventy-seven members who voted tor the ■bill, only three (counting ho-h political par tiw) were re-elected last IVtl. It is presumed Ithat these three succeeded In convincing their constituents that they were deceived, instead of being bought to support the measure. We contended, both before and after the passage of the bill, that the Legislature had no light to give away the corporate franchis es ol Chicago to a private company without the city’s consent; much less to pass a law impairing the obligation of a contract sol emnly entered into between the two. It ap rears from the recent decision of Judge Lawrence in the North Clark street assess n(cnt ease, that such is the opinion of the Supreme Court of the Stale. Says the court: “The City Connell ha? made a contract with the coirpanv. by which it has granted to the lauer uhai is' substantially a leasehold Interest in a pomon of this Mrcet. for a ternuhy tlio original onllKccce, of twemv-flve years. The Legislature, Qi Us last session, <or tended (he cAarttr to ninety' 3,‘ox ytd'S i t»y t whether the CUy Council ties «u> (ei.dol (hs term for occupying (hi street, this record does not i nform u*. It is quite true that the Court did not have the question which we are now consid ering before it, and bcncc tbe paragraph quoted docs not carry the authority of a de cision. But it shows that upon a collateral examination of the ease, it being necessary to know how long a lease the North Chicago City Railway Company had of North Clark street (as determining, in part, the propor tionate amount they should pay for a pave ment), the Court concluded that their right to occupy the street had not bean ex tended beyond the original term of twenty-five years, and that the City Council alone had the power to extend It. There is a very strong presumption, aside from Judge Lawrence’s opinion, that such is the tact. It is contended by tbe horse-railway men that the rights and franchises of a public corpo ration, like the city of Chicago, are merged in the Legislature, and that when the Legis lature alters the terms of a contract to which the city is a party, it is the same as though the City Council had done it. Upon the same principle the Lake Tunnel contractors might go to the Legislature and get a law passed compelling the city to pay them five times as much tor their work as was stipu lated in their contract. The importance of the amendment to the charter agreed upon by the Council on Sat urday evening Is now apparent. If the city ftM possesses the right to resume the horse railway franchises at the expiration of the original term, seventeen years hence. It is important that the right to dispose of those franchises should bo secured to the people who may live in Chicago at that time. This can be best dons by a law prohibiting the Council from extending the grants until within one year of their expiration. We have no tight to barter away the property and choscs ofthc Chicago of 18SL We ought not to expose them to the contingency of a cor rupt Council, who might be manipulated as easily as the last Legislature, at some period of time between now and the year 1534. The franchises in question are of great, indeed unknown value. Probably by the time they revert to the city, parties will be fonndwho will agree to carry passengers at two cents apiece for the privilege of occupying the streets lathis manner. Perhaps new means of locomotion will have been invented, rendering it expe dient to remove the rails and substitute bet ter macyncry for street travel. In such a case our children would have good right to curse us, if we should tic them, for ninety nine years, to a horse railway company. We have no donbt, that the present Legis lature, which Is largely composed of antl monopollsts, will gladly enact the measure proposed by the Council. By so doing they will secure the gratitude and good will not only of our citizens, but of all honest and fair dealing men everywhere. ANUTIIKR VETO. .. The question whether President Johnson would still further defy the people, and com mit another glaring inconsistency, has been answered in the affirmative. He has vetoed the District of Columbia Suffrage Bill, as (hose best acquainted with his mulish dispo sition and his determined wickedness* sup posed ho would. Some were disposed to think that having fairly committed himself to the doctrine of negro suffrage, in his letter to Governor Sharkey, of Missis fcipp*, be would be impelled by a sense of self-respect to sign the bill for free suffrage In the District. But those who ex pected Andrew Johnson to be guided either by any sense of shame, or by any regard for his post record, must have overlooked all ihit he has done and said since he undertook the betrayal of his party and his country to the rebels- This veto will add nothing to the infamy of bis Administration. It is only a chapter more in a history of shame less and unsurpassed treachery. The grati fying feature in the case is that it will prove quite harmless to the country. The only class that can be Injured by it will be tbo rebels, in whose behalf this act of malev olence and impotent hatred has been per formed. Congress will promptly pass the bill over this malicious veto, and a great and conspicuous act of justice will form the brightest lustre in the history of the Thirty ninth Congress. JgT* John Wentworth Is renowned for the logical force and legal acumen of his har angues on constitutional law*, but in bis speech concerning the Habeas Coitus Act of March 8,1803, he surpasses himself. The Supreme Court has unauimoufhj decided that a trial hy Military Commission in Indiana was illegal, there being no law of Congress to authorize it. A majority of the Courthold that Congress had no power to pass such a law. A minority, speaking through Chief Justice Chase, hold that Congress might have passed such a law. From these pre mises Mr. Wentworth argues that if Con gress bad passed no law lor punishing such criminals as Milligan, trials by Military Com mission would have been legal. Probably no one but Mr. Wentworth, or a logician of equal power, conld sec how the repeal, or non-existence of a law for punishing crimi nals in the civil courts, could authorize their punishment by Military Commission, which the entire Court agree could not be done without a law for that purpose. The Court having decided that criminals could not he tried by Military Commission In Indi ana, Mr. Wentworth woo’d repeal the only jaw by which they conld he punished at all. A Washington despatch says that “ Dr. Jludd, Spangler, Arnold and O’Laugh “lln will, hi consequence of tbc Supreme “Court decision, be brought from Torlugus, “and banded over to the civil authorities “ for trial. 1 * Brought by whom? If brought by Andrew Johnson, in advance of any writ or order from the Supreme Court, ho should be at once impeached. It will be time enough to rclca.*>e the assassins of Abraham Lincoln when the Supreme Court shall have taken that grave responsibility upon them selves. ILLINOIS. Governor Oglesby’s Bi ennial Message. T!’c Stale ladclrtcdness-Xlic l uJiTenliary-Public Improve ju»-ni&»Tlie Canal Projects. .Kdncalion-llic Bail- roads. Proposed Constitutional Con- vention. Necessary Changes in the Or ganic Law of the State. Assessments, Receipts and Expenditures. State op Ilusoit, Executive Department, » January 7,18G7. J To iht CfHcral AssemMy After the lapse of two years, you again assemble to discharge the duties imposed upon you by the Constitution ot the State. It becomes us with gratitude to acknowledge the many blessings which have been bestow ed upon us by Divine Providence. The time which has intervened since the meeting of the last General Assembly baa been marked by grand and Imposing events. 'War, with all Its scourges, had fled from our land, and gentle pcacarcturrs to heal its wounds. 1 congratulate you and the country upon the auspicious circumstances under which you again assemble. ‘ In communicating to you, as it is my duty to do, information of the state of the Govern, meat, It is a pleasing reflection that the pro* sent aflbrda us ail that can reasonably be ex. looted from the recent condition of national I a flairs. [ Agriculture, commerce, manufactures and miuing, the four great leading interests from which all our prosperity springs, are rapidly expanding, and each is adding new and per manent wealth to the State. Pestilence, in its mildest form, has only touched the bor der, while universal health has prevailed throughout the Stale. The law has been re spected everywhere as the shield and pro i eciiou of foelety, with scarcely a ripple of dLsutUfnctiou in any locality; and justice, through our courts, has been fairly and. peaceable administered. The elections were conducted In n manner becoming the dignity of those important po litical trials of the people, and in a spirit of unusual kindness between the contending parties. The result has been accepted in a corresponding temper, leaving the token of the future, so far as onr State Is concerned, indicative of all that can be desired in this respect. Prompt to war, we were overjoyed at the return of peace. Our noble soldiers, who sought the Held and defied the conflict—who stood at the helm until the tempest subsided | —have returned to all the employments of I peaceful life, to naturally, and so rapidly, 1 that but lor the mangled forms of those we meet every dav, and the uoble and honored dead, who deep behind, the dark hours of the four mad years would scarcely sadden us. Profoundly grateful tor a return of peace and the great national benefits result ing from the war, we shall never cease to lament the great sacrifices it occasioned to our country, and the many thousands of oar | brave men- Inspired by solemn duty, and most unal loyed respect and veneration for his high character as a citizen and statesman. I but respond to a natural and just expectation In recalling your thoughts !.to the death of Abraham Lincoln, the late President of the United States. In the maturity of life, at the moment of greatest usefulness to his country, when the gilded rays of the morn ing of peace were just beginning to dawn upon our distracted country, and the first Impressions of joy to throb In his great heart, over the august results of our great struggle, and ills own herculean efforts, for the peace, the security, and the perpetuity of the Union, ho fell* 03 the hand of a re morseless assassin. Our Stale was his loved home, and here he sleeps In death. Illinois, justly proud of his imperishable fame, can not icgret that he belonged to our whole country, and by our whole country shall be forever honored and mourned. A new career now opens to onr State; a bright and charming future Is before us. It Is useless to talk of our resources, for they are limitless ; of our means of wealth, for they arc boundless. Industry, wisely and economically directed, will secure tho en joyment of universal happitess, and our St'ate will become, what U was destined to be, the tome of the happy. It is our duty to hold constantly in view every interest of the Commonwealth ; to bravely meet every requirement necessary to the full develop ment of our natural advantages ; to cherish the arts and the sciences; to foster educa tion, the soul of the Slate; and, with char itable bauds, to meet and lift up the unfor tunate. j STATE DEBT. Although the State debt was once an op pressive burden, and hung as aa incubus upon our people, an honest wish to pay it firomptcd the discovery of tbe means for its iqnldation. In a few years, with the pre press we are no w making, the whole amount will be paid ; and, released from the obliga tions which prow out of the Indiscretion of former and experimental years, we shall be able, by the judicious imposition of reason able taxes, to meet all the requirements of our growing population, without, it is hoped, creating another State debt. On tue first of December, ISGO, the debt (emitting Macniistcr and Stebbins bonds,) was $10,277,101.86. Owing to the non-pre sentation of bonds for payment of pro ra f a dividends of the proceeds of the two mill tax, provided by the Constitution for the liquida tion of the Slate debt, thcGcneral Assembly, in 1661, provided for the transfer to the rev enue funds of the proceeds of that tax, then iu the Treasury, and payment of further pro ceeds of the same directly into tbe revenue fund, and suspended the assessment of said tax for the years 1861 and 1562. This sus pended, until January, 1865, any payment on the debt from this source, leaving only the receipts from the Illinois Central Railroad, and dividends by the trustees of the Illinois and Michigan Canal on registered canal bonds, as'racans for reducing the State debt. The debt was Increased in 1861 by the issue oi Donds for war purposes Bonds for revenne purposes, formal Grtvereity 'iborston loon Mtlilnsr, wi«h the amount ontsland luc SieccmVcr let, ISOO 512,j»4,1ii1.30 This amount was reduced by payments by thc'eanal trustees, and by purchases with the Illinois Central Railroad fund, up to De cember Ist, 1864, to $11,240,210. Payments from December Ist, 1804, to December Ist. 1800, amount to two millions sis hundred and seven thousand nine hundred and fifty debt dollars and forty-six cents, ($2,007,958.46.) Leaving due December Ist, 16CC, t&,C33,25!.21. MACALISTEU AJTD BTEBBIXB lIOXD3. The act of the last General Assembly, ap proved February ICth, 1865, providing for the settlement and payment of the MacaUs ter and Stcbblns bonds, at the rate of $245.13 on each of said bonds for SI,OOO, caused the holders of these bonds to present them for pay. ment; and it is with much satisfaction that I am able to state that one hundred and twen ty of these bonds have been finally paid,and this cause of continual annoyance to the State finally disposed of; but one bond re mains outstanding; this, however, is barred by the law. ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD. The receipt ol the seven per cent gross earnings of tUU road. Into the State Treas ury, for the year ending October Slat, 1805, amounted to the unusually large Puißor. For tbo year ending October 31, IScC.... •iSt.O’Sft.ts Tolal receipts from Ibis rourco, for the two years ending Oct. 91, 1800 $933,665,59 an amount nearly’ sufficient to defray the or dinary expenses of the State government. This revenue, however, by the act Incorpo rating the company. is pledged to the pay ment of interest-paying Stale indebtedness, until the extinction thereof. The Hon. John Moore, one of the tmstecs created by the net, died in September last, and General John M. Palmer was appointed to fill the vacancy caused by his death. ASSESSMENTS, RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES. The total taxable property of the Slate, as assessed for the year 1804, shown by returns to the Auditor, was $356,888,837; and for the year 1865, $392,327,90j. The amount of revenue lax received into the Treasury on these assessments in 1865 and 1860, was $747,317.41, belmr $349,102.89 on the assessment of 1804, and $375,214.52 on that of 1805. In addition to the above receipts for taxes levied in 1805 and 1860, the sum of $20,500.11, on account of taxes of previous years, has been received, $7,105.03 from mis cellaneous sources, and $509,800.04 from ex traordinary sources, viz; $134,329.68, for re demptions and sales of the Matteson prop erty* purchased by the State, and $4b0,4<0.81, war fund transferred to and paid into the revenue fund, making an aggregate of $1,351,780.19. , The expenditures during the past two Tears, for ordinary purposes, have been $910,021.15, and for special purposes S3SO 237.23, amount log to $1,200,858.38. The balance remaining in the treasury December Ist, ISGG, was $00,423.51, deducted from the amount received from extraordi nary sources, as above stated, shows that, w ithout such receipts, a deficit of $533,383.13 would have occurred in the amount avail able in the past two years, for defraying the ordinary and contingent expenses of the State Government. , • It will also be found, from an examination of the reports of the Auditor and Treasurer, that trom the ycarlSOl to 1860, inclusive, the large amount of $1,471,740.80 has, at differ ent times, and from other funds, been car ried into the ordinary revenue fund. There is no other fund now to which the Legisla ture can look with any reliance, to support such deficiencies as may occur ?n the revenue iniid, unless the funds now in the treasury riiallbc diverted for that purpose from the special objects to which they are by the Constitution and laws already applied. Taking the assessments of taxable prop erty in the State for the year 1805, with the returns thus made for 1860, and al- lowing such reasonable increase in tbc assess ments for 16C7, under the custom heretofore followed by assessors, In the various coun ties and townships as may be expected, upon the estimates made by tho Auditor, there will be received into the treasury for revenue purposes, for the two years ending Decern her Ist, ISGB, about $500,000. For the same period there will be requhed, to meet the standing and ordinary appropriations neces sary to carry on the State Government, to support the several charitable institutions, etc* £!-CO,(XX). In these estimates no account is taken of the special appropiiatlons(whtch may be large) to meet the Increasing require ments of the State, and which the Legisla ture will be called upon to provide for dur ing the present session. It Is believed the piesout rate of taxation, twelve cents on the hundred dollars, if all the property ol the Slate were made to pay taxes, and the as sessment approximated’ anything like a fair valuation, would be sufficient to meet all the demands of necessary aud prudent legisla- tiou. The spiiit and intent of the Constitution . and laws clearly is to have all property in the State valued at what it is really worth, bo that the burdens of taxation may be fairly and equally borne by all; and were the spirit and intent of the law properly car ried out the assessments would be more than double what they now arc. Tbe entire taxable property of the Slate for 18G4, was relumed at §350,8753,837, and for 1565, at $502,327,000. Now, while it is true that we have no means of correctly ascertaining the real worth oftbc State, and, In a great mea sure, ore driven to the necessity of guessing at it, for the census taken in ISGO by the United Slates, which did not include all taxable property, shows our wealth at that time, only on rc*ai estate and personal prop erty, to have been $00i,182,630. It is con fidently believed tbe real wealth ofthe State at tbo present time is not less than $1,200,000,000. It is only necessary to glance at the tables of assessments for the few past ycarf, presented in tbe reports of the Audi tor of Public Accounta, to satisfy every one that the greatest inequality and injustice to tax-payers results from the unequal method of making the assessments. Even If it were possible to overlook the ridiculously low rate at which property Is often valued In different portions of the. Slate, while it may not be wise to interfere with v ell established custom, even though the forms of the law arc but adhered to In tbe administration of any great public duty, prudence would seem to dictate when a constant adherence to snch custom leads to unfairness and irreat injustice, by unequally Imposing the burdens of government upon large portions of the citizens of the State, that proper remedies should be adopted to remove such inequality and injustice. Tbo moment an assessflr departs from the law, which requires him to appraise all property at a cash value, he is controlled by no crite rion of just assessment, and cannot be, save Ills own will cr .the wishes of tbo tax-paver whose property Is to be assessed. It thus follows that in many parts of the State dif- furent persons are taxed twenty-five, fifty and one hundred per cent more, lor the very «amc species of property, than other persons arc in different counties, for property of the same kind. It is believed that this iuequality maybe greatly diminished, if not entirely overcome, by the establishment of a State Board ol'Equalization, with suitable powers, composed of competent men, chosen from diflcrcut portions of'the Stale, to supervise and re-adjust the assessments made by the assessors, and would have the further effect to materially increase the low values now put upon all property in the State. Our State is rapidly advancing in popula tion and wealth—new and great interests of public concern arc springing up la every di rection. The wants of agriculture—the vast products of the labor of the country—and ihe increasing requirements of active and growing commerce all over the State, de mand new channels of trade, and every pos sible improvement arid enlargement of the already established means of communica tion, for the exchange of the surplus pro ducts of the country.' A well regulated sys tem of taxation, by which all the property of the State shall be made to support, fairly and equally, the just hardens of the Govern ment, established by law upon a consistent and endmiup basis, would meet with univer sal favor, and afford the means necessary to supply whatever shall call for support, de velopment and encouragement, in meeting the wants, of whatever nature, of a growing, eneigetic and public-spirited people. I respectfully call your attention to the able and carefully picpared report of the Auditor of Public Accounts, soon to bo laid before von, where vou will find his views given upon this subject, and respectfully recommend the passage of a law creating a Slate Board of Equalization. CEKSC9 OF ISCS. The Constitution provides that In 1555, and every tenth year thereafter, an enume ration ol the inhabitants of this State shall be taken, in such manner as shall be directed bv law. It is to be regretted that the last General Assembly did not make some pro vision on this subject. The old law 0f1545, under which the census of ISCS was taken, besides being defective in many other mate rial respects, fixed the compensation to be raid the Census Commissioners at such a low rate that it was found difficult In many counties to secure competent persona willing to accept the appointment, in the counties ofGallatin, Mason and Monroe, Commission ers were not appointed. The census returns, to be laid before your honorable body by the Secretory of State, will show that for those three counties the returns by the tolled States Commissioner for ISOO have been retained and reported. While, there- I fore, it mav be presumed Ibe returns do not 1 faithfully exhibit all the information which it was honed would be shown by them, some valuable wets have been ascertained in rela tion to the condition of the State worthy of consideration. The census returns taken by tbe United States, in ISCO, show the number of manufactories in the Slate to have been 4.205. Cen sus of 1865 show bnt 3,500; while' the value of the products of those of 1860 amounted to $5«,586,886. The value of the products of manufactures In 1863 was $03,350,013. Whole number of live slock in the State, In 1860, was 72,501,235; in 1565, 1*23 772,554. Value} of agricultural products, of 1865 amounted to $831380,848. Number of coal mines in 1865, 880; product of the same for 1805, 1,078,405 tons. Total population ot the State In 1800, 1,711,051. Population of tbe State in 1865; , White males 2*2S*Ul White females 1,03%059 . -131,1 «(J 9,115 8,255 Colored male?.. Colored females. Aggregate population, 1565.. 9,if1,510 There can be no donbt that a more careful enumeration would have increased the total aulatlon (for large numbers of our soldiers not then returned from the field) to two millions and a quarter. By thelaw. Commis sioners were required to make tbclr returns to the Secretary of State and the County Commissioner's Court, by the first day oi October, ISOS. Perhaps not more than one half the Commissioners were able to comply with its requirements. It is submitted that some legislation may be required to legalize the returns. AITOIITIONMENT OP HEPHE?KN*TATIO>f. The Constitution provides that the num ber of Senators and Representatives shall, at the first regular session holdeu after the cen sus returns therein p "ovided for are made, be apportioned among the several counties or districts to be established by law, accord ing to the number of white male inhabitants. In making the apportionment required by law, under the recent census, as we have j over two millions of inhabitants. It will be necessary to provide lor five additional mem bers to be added to Hie eighty-five now in the House of Representatives. In addition to the constitutional obligation to rc-appor tion the members, I believe it is generally desirable that it should be done. The addi tion of five new members to the House will give the State ninety members In that body, a number limited enough when wc consider the imi-ortant legislation required to accom modate the vai ions interests of the State. _ I have no doubt the State can be so rc-dis tricted as to essentially accommodate special localities, which have hcreloforecxpcrienced some inconvenience Irom being thrown to gether in large districts. A just and fur ap portionment will be productive of much good to all parts of the State. EDUCATION. 52,000,000.00 50.000.U0 fiS,WO.OU 181,000 00 Our common schools are in a flourishing condition. No tax has ever been levied that bos been productive of such positive and im mediate cood to the whole people of the State. The following tables, taken from the report of the Superintendent of Public In struction, exhibit the condition and progress made in several important branches of the common school system, for the two years ending September SO, I 860: Whole number of schools m tho'BUte, Sept 80, ißO'i . ... • ....... School houses built in 1886........ Whole number school hon es Whole number of scholars, males.. Whole number of scholars, female. Total , Whole namberof teachers, males.... Whole number of teachers, females. Total. Of the whole number of school districts iu the State (I),1*38), schools have been main tained for six months or more in each year In 0.170. The following Is astatoment of the revenue received and disbursed for school year end ing September 30th. 1800: CEOOV2D. Interest on school ftmd. ' Two mill tax interest cn county rand Interest on township funds, School lards sold Special district taxes.... Miscellaneous sources Tola! EXPENDED, Teachers' wage?.; $2,531,03*5 School bouse sites and grounds 63,057 Few school bouses 8-10,883 Amount paid fur purchase of school bouses . 13,770 Rent of school house# Repair# of school bouses School firniture School apparatus Libraries Fuel anil incidentals To township officers and orhers. Miscellaneous Total #4.353,233 It became apparent, that to meet the in creating demands for teachers, a school lor that purpose would be required by the State. The Normal University grew out of this necessity. The good it has already ac complished lor education, amply vindicates the wisdom that created it. It can never be dispensed with. In this splendid university education is truly fostered. Its own unques tioned utility lilts it above the supnort of ar gument. Every department is full. It an nually sends out large numbers ol graduates, qualified to enter at ouec upon the high duty of teaching all the branches of a common school education. There arc sixty acres of crouud immediately attached to -the build ings, almost entirely unimproved, andecnrcc ly adapted to the obvious uses of such a uni versity. Some appropriation will be required to suitably improve and ornament these grounds. 1 feel that lam justilied In recom mending that the appropriation necessary for this purpose be granted. I especially commend to your careful atten tion the full and very able report of Dr. Bateman, the Superintendent of Public In struction, who fully comprehends and most clearly understands the whole scope of the question of common school education. STATE CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS. The established State charitable institu tions at Jacksonville—liberally supported by an enlightened public spirit—laitbfully administering to the wants and necessities of the unfortunate who seek these asylums for protection, education and moral deration— under prudent management, realizing the objects for which they were created, will re quire, and deserve the usual appropriations necessary to their complete usefulness to the State, The reports of the Boards of Trus tees of each will be laid before you. I re quest lor each a careful consideration. From these report 6, and the accompanying reports of the different superintendents, who have the special care of them, that correct infor mation in relation to the condition, useful ness and requirements of each will better be derived tiiau it is possible to give in this com muuicullou. Through some Inadvertence* but onc-balf oftbe appropriation of SIIO,OOO, necessary to sustain the Hospital for the Insane for twelve Tears, was granted by the last Legislature. Much inconvenience resulted to that institu tion trom Ibis oversight. Although it was plain enough that an error had deprived the trustees o! the sum of $55,000, it could not he icmcdied without legislation. On consul tation with the Auditor ami Board of Trtis* | tecs, it was determined that it woludbe more prudent to secure the necessary amount by borrowing from private sources, at the usual interest, than to turn out the patients, and substantially close the hospital for a great part of the year. The trustees secured the funds required, and iu a’ short time will he called uppn to return the amount borrowed, with interest. I recommend that the ncccs* sary amount to meet this debt be appropria ted at an early day. The large and Increasing number ofinenra hlc insane in the State Is becoming a matter of public concern. I rcspecttully call your attention to Ihc able views on this subject, and the manner of providing for them, by Hr. Andrew McFarland, Superintendent of the Insane Hospital. My notice has been directed to the helpless condition of many of them, and to the great burdens Inflicted on private families, who are required to provide for and support them. lam not In doubt os to the obligations oftbe Slate to lake charge of and properly provide for them. They arc a part oftbe great family of the State, and deserve its special care. Nor do I presume, reflecting upon the generous spirit of Its peo ple, and the history of our legislation, upon similar subjects, there will be any disposi tion to avoid this obligation, or to unneces sarily put it ofl*. While Ido not propose, iu advance of any general discussion of the sub ject, to indicate what action should be taken, X nevertheless ask for it. that serious consld* oration Us importance demands, in relation to the Blind Asylum, it has been very reasonably suggested that much good would result to the Inmates and the scientific world - , by securing the services of a competent oculist to visit the institution at recular periods through the year, for the purposes of the examination of the eyes ol such as arc not totally blind, ascertaining the facts and history of each case, and report hi.- the same for publication In the scientific journals. But five hundred dollars for two vears would be reouired for this purpose. I only desire to call your attention to tUUaub- scnooL ron idiots. The act to organize an experimental school for the instruction and traininc of idiots and feeble-minded children in the State, ap proved February 10,15G5. and appropriating live thousand dollars per annum, for two years, for that purpose, to be disbursed un der the direction ol the Board of Trustees of the Deaf and Dumb Asylum. Is a just recog nition of the claims of this unfortunate class of our population. The appropriation has been expended judiciously. A temporary school for idiots lias been opened in the rest deuce of the late Governor Duncan, at Jack sonville, and has been conducted in such a manner as to produce most Important and beuellcial results. It is established beyond tcasouuble doubt that by proper training, the feeble-minded may be elevated to the point of receiving instruction, and taught to lor and take care of themselves, wenty-tivc arc now under treatment, and applications for a large number of others Lave been received at the school. The an nual reports of Dr. C. T. Wilbur, Superiuten dent, lor 1&155 and ISCC, will be laid before vou. These reports contain valuable infor mation and important suggestions on the subject. I recommend that, the appropria tion asked Jbr, to continue and enlarge the school, he made. EYE AND EAR INFIRMARY. The Chicago Eve and Ear Infirmary Ims l)cen established nine years. The last legis latnrc granted it a special charter. Its sur peons, without compensation, have treated gratuitously more than three thousand poor patients, of which number five hundred and sixteen received treatment for the eyes anu cars, during the last year. Many of these were soldiers returned froTQ service in the field, and as a large number of them were from our own State, .In indigent circumstances, and were a charge upon the charity of the hospital, fire hundred dollars was donated for their benefit, from the con tingent war fund. Now, while the State an nuallv expends about twenty thousand dol lars for the education of the blind, nothin" has ever been done to alleviate the Indigent curable blind. Are they not a deserving class of our population ? and it is either lm manltv or economy to permitthc many help less, who are alllictcd with diseases of the eve, to linger in misery until, through pov erty, they arc doomed to perpetual blind ness ? The memorial to be presented to your honorable body will exhibit the condition of the Infirmary, the number of patients treated, the value of Us property, and win ask for an appropriation of five thousand dol lars, annually, to be applied iu the mainte nance of the hospital lor the benefit of the ncor patients in the State, requiring treat ment; and lam satisfied the appropriation will result in much and lasting good to the State, and recommend that It be granted. SOLDIERS' ORniAXS' home. Under the act of the last session creating the Soldiers' Orphans' Home, the nine trus tees were appointed and the organization completed, as required by law. As no ap propriation was wade to carry out the pur poses of thc-act, the trustees were compell ed to look to private donations and county subscriptions. In this way but a small sum has been secured, not enough to justify the trustees in calling on the commissioners provided for in the law to locale the Home. The total amount received by private do nations SW From Vermilion County 1-000 From Rock Island County 1.000 Ft pm Sangamon County From Knox County— I,OX From Sanitary Commission JM-w To which It was intended to add, say 25,000 Which sum has been placed in my hands, by order on Colonel Hancock, as Superinten dent, under appointment from me, to organ ize regiments at Camp Fry. in the spring of 1565, for the United States’ service, and not Enid over to recruits, who had eulUted, ut deserted before going to the field. This sum, not propcrlv belonging to any fund in the 1 rcasurer’s office, U was thought might have been safely used for the benefit of sol diers' orphans. As the trustees did not secure sufficient donations, which, added to tlds snm would have amounted to fifty thousand dollars, required by the act to be subscribed before locating the Home, it has not been turned over for this purpose. Mr. Jacob Bunn kindly volunteered to invest the amount in Seven-Thirty securities, which were placed In the custody of. the State Treasurer, and now hcldthcrc, subject to such disposition as you may be inclined to make of this fund. I recommend, however, that the fund, now amounting to thirty thousand four hundred dollars, be appropriated to the trustees of the Soldiers’ Orphans' as origin ally contemplated, with such additional amount as mav be necessary to Insure the building of tbc Home at an early day. i am unable to state the number of such orphans in the State. There arc, however, doubtless many deserving support and en couragement, who ought to receive the kind est protection from our people. In Slay, . 1660 3 published ft proclamation on tho sub ject’and requested the County Judges of the various counties to ascertain and report the | number of orphans in each county entitled to aid, desiring to avail themselves of the benefits of the Home. But few reports have been made ; hot enough to make any proper estimate of the probable number deserving such protection, in the State. If o home were established large enough to accommo dale five hundred, I have no doubt U would be promptly filled. After ans wering all the obiccts oflls creation, such a home could al ways be profitably used for other charitable purposes by the Stale. The report of the board of Trustees will be laid before your body in a few days. It is proper to call your attention to a proposition to be submitted to the General Assembly by the Trustees of the Illinois Sol diers’ College and Military Academy at Ful too, Illinois, in connection with this subject, n,z\" That association possesses a fine college building and grounds, valued at two hundred thousand dollars, and an endowment lund of fifty thousand dollars, where they arc now supporting and educating forty-fire disabled and indigent soldiers, and children of sol diers not under thirteen years old, which they propose to convey to the State, for the purpose of educating disabled and indigent soldiers, and as an orphan’s home for the children of deceased soldiers. The college can comfortably accommodate three hundred soldiers, and, with suitable buildings to be erected on the grounds, provision can be made feral) tbccblldren of deceased soldiers, and children of disabled and indigent sol-* diets and sailors in the State. I believe the proposition is worthy of careful considera tion. I know I but reflect the wishes of our whole people, instatlngthat Illinois demands that her noble soldiers, disabled by the casualties of the war, and the orphans of the dead,- shall be suitably and liberally provided for by the State. They ore not a burden upon —they are an honor to the State, and deserve our lasting gratitude. 0.158 8-20,077 X&tlSi situs 6,915 10, iM 17,273 .* *4,665 . 750.000 . 17,050 . 391,307 . £6,803 . 8,780,335 . 4US,TO The Soldiers* Home at Chicago, built and thus far supported by voluntary contribu tions, bos rendered incalculable benefit to our soldiers. At tbc end of tbe war tbe Soldiers' Rest in tbat city was discontinued, and the Home toot its place. It is managed by a voluntary association of ladies and gen tlemen, under a board of competent officers. They erected a fine building at a cost of $30,503.(17, and bold real property valued at one hundred thousand dollars, situated on the. lake, -near the tomb of toe lamented Douglas. Their expenditures for two years, ending June 14, 1803, amounted to $1**3,011.84, leaving an unexpended balance of $4,180.15, to which is to be added a perma nent fund of $30,000, Invested in Government securities, which it is desirable not to dimin h-h. Unless, however, some appropriation shall he made by the present Legislature to aid the association in taking care of indigent and disabled Illinois soldiers, this fund will necessarily be absorbed In current expenses. There arc now one hundred soldiers provided for ot this Home. It would seem to be a f>ubllc duty either to support this estab iihed Home by tbc necessary appropriations or to make other suitable provisions for this worthy and most deserving class of our soldiers, I recommend that an appropria tion be made for this purpose. I transmit herewith the annual reports for ISCo aud IfcCfi, of IU board of officers. $4,445,130 18,752 21d,3W 02,039

10,263 L 193 312,829 85.332 306,110 TUB GRAVE OF DOUGLAS. The act of the lost General Assembly ap propriating $25,000 for the purpose ol pur chasing, in the name of the State, the lot of f round in which repose the remains of tcplicn A. Douglas, in the city of Chicago, owned by Mrs. S. A.* Douglas, required the Governor to complete the purchase and pay the amount appropriated, to Mrs. Douglas. An abstract was furnished, showing her fee simple title to the land, a proper deed was executed to the State, and is uovr on file in the office of the Secretary of State. The pur chase was completed, and the money paid to Mrs. Douglas, as required by law. This pa triot and statesman, so long honored by bis State, possessed ol brilliant talents, unswerv ing in bis attachment to the Union, and bold in bis denunciations of treason against his country, deserved to be thus specially re membered and honored. THE NATIONAL LINCOLN MONUMENT. Soon alter the remains of Abraham Lin coln u ere deposited in the vault at Oakridgc Cemetery, near this city, a number of gentle men of Ligh-standing, special friends of the late President, voluntarily associated them selves together, under a law of our State, with the view of erecting over his remains a suitable and enduring monument. A deed .was obtained from the city of Springfield, voluntarily conveying to the Association six acres of ground* beautifully located and most suitably adapted to the solemn pnr pesc. Tbc public was appealed to for sub scriptions to the fund to be raised to cum lete a monument which should be national n its character. It was early determined by the National Lincoln Monument Association not to begin tbc monument until a sum should have been secured, approximating at least, what it was believed would be sulll cient to complete such a monument as it was desirable to erect. In December, ISCS. his body was removed from the public vault and placed in the tem porary vault, constructed by the Association on Us grounds. Thccasket was again opened, and the body carefully examined by several members of the Association, with other gen tlemen present for that purpose, again care fully re-closed and placed iu its appropriate place, the Iron dour locked and a stone placed in position and sealed permanently, and the Keys carefully deposited iu tbc cus tody of the Association, N’o design has yet been adopted, and no steps have yet been taken towards the construction of the monu ment. On the first of January, 1807, there had been collected, and was on band, in the treasury of the Association, after tne pay ment of all expenses to that date £75,000 In vested In Interest bearing national securities. A memorial has been placed In my bauds by the Association, which I am requested to lay before your honorable body, solicit ing an appropriation from the Legislature of his own State, to aid the Association In carrying out the objects of its organization. The Legislatures of several other Stateshavc expressed an intention to make suitable ap propriations for this purpose, so soon as Illi nois shall have set the example. It is be lieved that one hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars more will be required for a monument, suitable, in any ecusc, to be creeled over the remains of this great and good man. It is true his virtues, his life, and public services, will outlive any mere structure of man—that time, which mould ers and destroys all works of art, cannot touch the fabric of this man’s immortality. But arc we not bound to mark the place where he lies ? Ido not feel called upon to press upon your attention the consideration of this subject. It appeals for itself to the kind feelings of all meu who love liberty and country, and venerate pnblic virtue in public men. ills soul was laid in tbc deep founda tions of purity and truth, and with a liberal baud let us show, in a manner consistent with the dignity of the State, that amid hU own generous people those virlufcs were not unappreciated. INDUSTRIAL COLLEGE. Tills subject again demands the serious attention ot the Legislature. By the pro vision of the law donating .public lands to the several States and Territories which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts, our State is entitled to 450.C00 acres of laud. Scrip lor that quan tity has been issued to the Stale, which was re ceived by iny predecessor and deposited iu the vault ol thc'treasury of the State, and is now held there subject to any disposition you may seem lit to make of the same. Before the scrip can be made available for the pur pose for which it has issucd.or can be located bv any assignee, some legislation will be re quired, providing for its transfer. Each piece of scrip must he transferred, and the transfer attested by two witnesses, as the State is piohlbUcd from making the location directly. Had provisions been made for the sale ol the scrip two years ago, a largersum could have been, at that time, realized from it, than it seems it will now bring. Recently i large amounts have been thrown-upon the ! markets by the different States, anxious to 1 dit-posc of the grant, which has bad the I effect to materially diminish its value. The fourth section of the act provides, that all monevs derived from the sale of the scrip shall helnvestcd In not less than five per cent interest hearing stocks, upon the par value of said stocks, “and that the monevs so invested shall constitute a per petual fund, the capital of which shall re main forever undiminished, (except so lar as may he provided in the fifth section of the interest of which b® in violably appropiiated, by each Slate which may claim and take the benefit of this act, to the endowment, support and maintenance of at least one college, where the leading ob ject shall he, without excluding other scien tific and classical stifdics, and including mil itary tactics, to teach such branches of learning as arc related to agriculture and the mechanic arts, in such manner as the Legislatures of the Slates may respectively prescribe, in order to promote the liberal and practical education' of the industrial classes in the several pursuitsand professions of life.” The third clause of the fifth sec -1 lion provides, that “any State which may lake and claim the benefit of the provisions of this act, shall provide, within five years, at least not less than one college, as de scribed in the fourth section of this act, or the grant to such State shall cease; and said State shall be bound to pay the United Slates the amount received of any lands pre viously sold, and that the title to purchasers under the Slate shall be valid.” New and increasing Interest has sprung up all over the State In this generous grant for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic I arts. Time enough is yet left, in which, by 1 prompt and judicious legislation, to secure I to the State all the advantages to be derived from the donation. Good faith thet we have accepted the grant, that we i carry out the wise designs of Congress, in the spirit and letter of the law. Both are desira ble and attainable. A generous rivalry for the location of the college will ensure such liberal offers to the State as to relieve the Treasury from any appropriation to purchase the necessary grounds, and erect suitable, buildings for a college or colleges. Should, however, these anticipations fail, the State will not be released from, providing for se curing to our peonle the benefits of this do nation, by such other methods as may be easily provided. The endowment is made. Such provision can now be made, subject to modification, based upon experience, for the regulation and management of the college, as to ensure such beneficial results as will vindicate the original designs of those who svt the project on foot, and dissipate the fears of anticipated failure predicted by em pirical critlcsm. UNIVERSAL EXPOSITION, 1567. TLe Universal Exposition of the Industry of all Kations, for 1567, at Paris, offers another occasion for the exhibition to foreign nations of the resources and wealth of the State. It is believed that any fair represen tation bioupht home to the knowledge©! the millions of industrious artisans and laborers in Europe, of the geographical position of our State, its rich and cheap soil, and its adaptability to agriculture, in all Us branch es including the cultivation of the grape, onr mineral wealth, and exbanstless beds of coal, would materially increase the emigra tion to our State of that useful and desirable population, and in various wavs greatly in crease onr prosperity and wealth. Although unauthorized bv any law to do so, but believ ing I but reflect the wishes of onr people, upon the unanimous and earnest recommend ation of the President and Executive Board of the State Agricultural Society, in March, ISOO I appointed and commissioned, under the seal of the Slate, the Hon. John P. Rey nolds, the Secretary of that society. Special Commissioner for the Slat© of Illinois, to represent the (Slate at the Paris Exposition, in lfc€7. He has, without any charge to the State, been constantly at work since that time. In collecting articles and specimens illustrative of the natural resources of t» State, and of the social condition of our people, for exposition at the Fair. Mr. Reynolds will be required to accompany and lake charge of these valu able contributions, to superintend the expo sition of them, aud generally to represent the State at the approaching Exposition la Pari« He will, no doubt, be able to make valuable disposition of many of said articles articles, in exchange for the products of dif ferent rations of Em ops, and will, from his personal knowledge oi and general acquain tance with the whole subject, be enabled to make a most Interesting and instructive re pot! to onr people, of his observations( while in the performance of his duties. I submit that it would be entirely compatible with the character of hia duties, the objects to he accomplished, and fbe dignity of the State, to make a reasonable appropriation to carry out the purposes of his appointment. 1 take the liberty to transmit to yonr hon orable tody a copy of the resolution request ing the appointment of Mr. Reynolds as couimlesiuner, with the instructions furnish ed him from this department, together with Ms preliminary report, made NovomberSSth, IS CO, end respectfully call your attention to the same. GEOLOGICAL SUBVBT. The report of Hr. Worthen, State Geolo gist, will show in what manner the appro priation of twenty thousand dollars has been expended. In the publication of the volumes oi geological surveys, containing reports heretofore made on this interesting subject. Three thousand copies (six thousand volumes) have been published, and a portion of them distributed as directed by law. There will be, for further distribution, some sixteen hundred copies. By the law, but one copy was furnished to the State Geologist. It is believed, from his knowledge of the subject and acquaintance with those persons and lo calities more immediately concerned about thcgencral benefits to result from it, that be could make a Judicious distribution of at least three hundred copies. The surrey has beep completed In thirty counties. It is es timated that, with an appropriation of ten thousand dollars a year, the surrey can be completed in the whole State in two years. The whole subject. is respectfully submitted to your consideration. PENITENTIARY. Under the act of 1857, to locate and build an additional penitentiary, the commission' ers were authorized to adopt plans and spec!' flections for a penitentiary, which, when completed, would be of sufficient capacity for one thousand cells for conricts. It was estimated, by a formerGorernor, that when the penitentiary should be completed on the plans and specifications adopted, it would suitably accommodate eleven hundred con' victs. r ‘as large a number, it was hoped, as our State would be called upon to provide for for many generations.” On the firsts ,of December, 3SC4, there were five hundred and eighty-six conricts in the penitentiary, which number had been increased, on the first day of December, 180 C, to one thousand and sev enty-three. In lessthan ten years, and before its completion,'the limits of its capacity has been reached! Crime seems to increase with our growth and prosperity. It was, at the same time, estimated the whole cost of the •penitentiary completed would be five hun dred and fifty thousand dollars. There bus already been appropriated $924,627.02. Amourt claimed os due, January 1, 18*35, $82.218 38; due for repairs for 1865 and 1800, $4,(jC7.71; claimed for work done in ISOG, under direction of the commissioners, $70,221.24; estimated as necessary to com plete the penitentiary. $30,240,73. Although this amount seems extravagant, the State possesses as good, if not the best penitentiary in the United States. No appropriation to carry on:ii?workol completing the penitentiary war made at the last. session of the Legislature. Five hundred of the cells in the west wing were unfinished. In the four hundred completed cells eight hundred convicts were already confined; just double the number intended by the law to be placed la them, and the number was increasing so rapidly, with no means to provide for their security and ac commodation, the commissioners appointed at the last session of the General Assembly, after careful consideration of the condition of affairs and their obligation to the public, to meet what seemed a pressing and un avoidable necessity, made arrangements with Messrs. S. A. fiuckmaster& com pute the west wing, under the contract of JB6l. for that work, and such other work as would be necessary to meet the requirements growing out of the legally increasing num ber of convicts, leaving it to the present General Assembly to allow n proper compen sation for the work to he done. It was 1m- possible to get along without more cell rcora. Other buildings also became indes-. pensably necessary. The whole additional work bus been completed, and Is now In use. Inm satisfied the commissioners hare been prompted by a desire to serve the public in terest, and ’hope their action will be ap proved by your honorable body. There can be no doubt that the peniten tiary ought to be completed, If possible. In the present year, and I recommend that such an appropriation be made as shall in sure this desirable result. The reports of the commissioners, made to the Auditor, will be laid before you, and from them you will be enabled to .obtain full information on the whole subject. The Ecv. S. G. Lathrop, chaplain of the penitentiary, whose unceasing labors In looking alter the welfare of the convicts, and by whose judicious and benevolent cflorts many of these unhappy and degraded fellow-beings arc provided with honorable employments, on emerging from those pri son walls, receives but a pittance for his meritorious services. He ought to be suit ably rewarded lor his valuable labors there. I recommend that the sum of twelve hun dred dollars per annum be appropriated to pay the chaplain of the penitentiary. The act of ISC3 leasing the'peuileutiary to James M. Pitman, for sis years, attempted to appoint him warden, and to confer upon him tue duties of that office. In July, lao4, Mr. Pitman resigned. -Mr. Samuel A. Buck master claims that, by virtue of the assign ment of the lease to him by Mr. Pitman, the office of warden was also assigned, and he has been acting as such since the resigna tion of Mr. Pitman. lam satisfied, after an examination of the act, that Mr. Buckmastcr, although acting as such, la not warden of the penitentiary. The State is without a repre sentative iu that institution, save as the commissioners may be supposed to possess some sort of undclinablc connection witti its general supervision and police regulations. 1 can not avoid believinglt is tbc duty of the State to be represented there by a warden or superintendent—however acceptably any lessee might perform the duties properly belonging to such an officer—who should be required to look after the discipline and treatment of the convicts, keep a record of tholr names, offences, term of ser vice, the time of admission, and departure on the expiration of sentence, the record of pardons, and to supply them with such clo thing and funds as are usually distributed to them when turned out, for which tbc Stale always pays, and particularly to observe and report upon the condition and manner of using the penitentiary and all the buildings In the enclosure; to look after and preserve this valuable property of the State—duties not required of the lessee, and In the preser vation of which he may not feel that special interest their value to the State requires. The commissioners Laving been appointed for the purpose qf constructing the necessary buildings of the penitentiary, the law pro viding for their npoointment will probably be repealed os soon ns the institution shall be ftuly completed. I have felt It my duty rtspcctlully to call your attention to this subject. HOUSE OF CORRECTION FOB JUVENILE OP FENDERS. All minors under the age of eighteen, ex cept for the crime of robbery, burglary or arson, convicted of any criminal offence, arc exempted firm punishment in the peniten tiary. They may be fined and sent to county jail, or either, for misdemeanors, hut for higher crimes arc always sent to the county iad. The number of these young offenders Is steadily increasing in the State. Although the law cannot shield them from some pun ishment, when guilty of the violation ol the criminal code, philanthropy and morality plead against sending them to places of con finement where they arc to be exposed to as sociation with older and more hardened criminals. It is a public duty, while repress in- crime hy the faithful execution of the law, and justly enforcing its sanctions, to guard wit h some care the morels of Ore vouth of our country, who from neglect, de- Kclivc education, and often want ot parental protection,, drift into habits which lead to its violation. I but re peat recommendations heretofore made upon this subject, in suggesting a house of correction, where the leading Idea should be correction and reformation, in stead of punishment, for these young offend ers. Tim Reform School of Chicago, estab lished in 1555, has been productive of much good in that city, in reforming juveniles Guilty of petty offences. If some effort shall not be made at an early day to imitate the example of other States, in checkin? and reforming these youthful offenders, wo shall, in a few years, find crime increasing still more rapidly than at present—a rate of increase already painful to contemplate. TUB PABDOXIXO POWER. The eighth section of the fourth article of the Constitution confers upon the Governor power to grant reprieves, commutations and pardons, after conviction, for all offences, except treason and cases of impeachment, subject to such regulations as may be pro vided by law relative to the manner of ap plying for pardons. This is a very delicate power, and generally one of much annoy ance in its execution. The law does not reg ulate the manner of applying far pardons, and, as a consequence, there is no general rule of observance on the subject. It often occurs that petitions arc presented for pardon before the offender has left the place, of trial and conviction. Again, petitions arc presented, (and there is no lack of them at any time,) strong enough on the Cice ; in fcet, in most cases, well supported, showing strong reasons for clemency; but it can never be known to the Governor what publicity has been given to tbc application in the county where the of fence has been committed, and be hardly feels at liberty, and would hardly know who to address to suggest a remonstrance. It Is believed that no great hardship, while much good would result from a law requir ing that any person desiring to present a pe tition for the pardon of any convict in the penitentiary* should give publication for four weeks successively In some ‘weekly paper published in the county where the of fence was committed, properly certified upon affidavit, with a copy of the notice attached, when presented to the Governor, that an a day to be named an application would be made for the pardon of the person to be named in the published notice. Such a no tice would probably give all persons con cerned in the pardon to he asked for, an op porluoity to present any remonstrance against cleffiency in the case. If in other respects the petition should bo sufficient to warrant a pardon, it could then be granted, wilbont tue apprehension of opposition to It. I respectfully recommend the passage of some such law providing for the manner of aP fnHhc E e°xercUe°of the pardoning power, mv attention has been frequently called to llic large number of persons In the renlten tiary for the crime of larceny, where the value of the property stolen would exceed five dollars, and yet be of no great value In excess of that amount. It is respectfully, submitted that the distinction between grand and petit larceny might be fixed at twenty dollars, instead of five, as the law now is. FUGITIVES raOW JUSTICE. The law of Congress, passed In 1793, for the rendition of fugitives from justice, pro vides that whenever the executive authority of any State In the Union shall demand any person as a fugitive from justice, of the exe cutive authority of any such State or Terri tory to which such person shall have fled, and shall produce the copy of an indictment found or an affidavit made before a magis trate, charging the person demanded with having committed treason, felony or other crime, certified as authentic by the Governor making the demand, it shall be the duty [ of the executive authority of the State to whu.U the person charged shall have fled, to cause bis arrest aud delivery to the agent author ized to receive him, and provides that all costs or espens* s incurred In the apprehend ing, securing and transmitting such fugi tives, shall he paid by the Slate making the demand. ‘ • ■ . , . . TUeUir of out Slate (Betlsed Statute* 1645) requires the Governor of the State to i issue his.■warrant for the arrest- of any fugi tive, demanded in compliance with the law' : ofCougrcss, and further provides Jhut when- 1 ever the Executive of this State shall de mand a fugitive from justice from th« 7 Exec utive of any other State, he shall issue his warrant to some messenger, i him to receive the fugitive and convey bio i to the sheriff of the proper county where the’ i offence was committed. Section three of the i act provides that‘•‘the expenses which may accrue under the two foregoing sections, be ing first ascertained to the satisfaction of the ; Executive, shall, on bis certificate, oe allow ed and paid out of the State treasury, on the warrant of the Auditor.” The law is pecu liar, in that It leaves no discretion with the Governor as to whether he shall, or not, de liver np any person demanded for any offence set out in the requisition, to be a crime by the law of the Stale making the demand, bnt does leave It to his discretion os to whether a requisition and demand shall be made for the violation of the gravest crime under our own law. The law should be' amended so as to define for what crime demands ongbt to be made for returning fugitives; whether for every misdemeanor punishable with fine and imprisonment in the county jail, named and denned in our criminal coue, or else more clearly provide for what misdemeanors re quisitions shall -not Issue. The Governor should be required by law to issue the re quisition in all those cases in which demand Is to be made. It should not bo left to his discretion to make the demand, and in all cases where a requisition is to bo made npon affidavit, and not upon indictment found,the affidavit should be required to set out the crime with as much certainty as is required in Indictments. It should be provided by law that before any claim Is allowed and paid for returning a fugitive, that the SberlfTs written receipt should be presented, showing the possession of the fugitive ar rested and returned. Xu all cases of mis demeanor, to prevent any abuses that might arise under the law, it would perhaps be safer to provide that the costs of arresline and returning the fugitives should be paid directly out of the County Treasury where the offence was charged to have been com mitted. Although the law is.plain that the State shall pay the expenses of the arrest and return of any | such fugitives, the custom has pre vailed, for years, with my predecessors, to issue requisitions, with a clause that the Slate is to be at no cost in the case, and the rule Las been not to pay any part of the ex pense. Many instances of hardship have been brought to my notice under this prac tice, and In some instances criminals nave doubtless been allowed to escape entirely, rather than Incur the expense necessary to arrest them. 1 have not felt at liberty to set aside a custom of so long standing, with out first bringing -the whole sub ject to the notice of tte General Assembly of the State, when It was known that to do so wonld Incur new bur dens upon the treasury. It is clearly the duty of the State to exhaust every reason aide effort to bring to justice every violator of the law, when the law shall clearly de fine for what offences requisition shall issue, and shall provide in what manner applica tions shall be made for the same. It would stem that a custom might be disregarded, however economical, which seems to be in conflict with its provisions. ADJ UTANT G£N£RAI?S REPORT. Herewith I transmit the annual reports of the Adjutant Genera). These reports con tain a concise history of operations of our troops In the field; the organization of ten additional regiments of volunteers; the manner of filling the quotas of the Stale; an explanation of the different quotas as signed the State, and the real credits to which tlic State was entitled for the years IS(H and 18C5; a detailed statement of the operations and expenses of that office for two years ; w ith a roster of the commissioned officers, held and company, of each organization, with brief historical notes referring to each. They show the number of regiments and companies of each arm of the service, and the number of men furnished by the State to aid Id suppressing the rebellion. The ac companying exhibits contain, valuable and reliable tables of statistics on several Inter- j cstiog subjects, the times and places (at I Chicago, under the 'superintendence of Col- i onel James H. Bowdh—at Springfield, under I the superintendence of Colonel George H. I Harlow,) where onr regiments were muster- I cd out, and the number of each organization I at the time of muster out; the totulnnmber i who died, with their names and places of | death, and of those who were killed in the i service, and a table showing the number of I our soldiers who died or were tortured to I death in rebel prisons during the rebellion. Although some considerable expense will he ! required to publish them, as there will be two volumes of about five hundred pages. each, the important matter they contain, prepared as they have been with much labor and great care, under the supervision of .the i Adju’ant General, who Is entitled to much praise fortbc satisfactory* manner in which he has discharged the duties of his office, | and for that ability ho has displayed in these reports, in defending the credit of the | State, in meeting the various calls from the General Government during the war, I be- ; lieve justify me in recommending that they be published, for the benefit of the people of the State, who will be anxious to he in pos session of the important information t!iey contain upon the subject of our military his tory in connection with the rebellion. Hie Adjutant General’s Office was first or ganized by an act of the last General Assem bly. By that act it is made the depository of all our military records, and charged with the custody of the colors of onr various regi ments, battle fiage, apd the Hags and trophies of war, won by the valor <.C our troops from the conquered enemy, returned to the State, as mementoes of the patriotism and courage or our brave men. These valuable trophies of war, and all the'records belonging to the office, are now kept in a rented room, on the second fioor ol buildings in the city, liable at any time to he destroyed by fire. There Is uol sufficient room in the State House for this office, where properly It should be kept. .1 take the liberty to transmit herewith a written communication from General Hayme I on this subject. I Tlic muster-rolls and rosters of each or ganization, amounting to a large number, were found to he much worn by constant handling, and are liable lobe lost or destroyed at any time, or to be carried away from the office*. To secure these valuable records to the State, in a permanent and en during form, it was considered neces sary to transfer them to well hound books, In alphabetical order, where the name of each soldier, with his military history, can be tnrned to in a moment for any pur pose. General Haynic purchased the books, and put the clerks in tuc office to work to transfer them. It Is a delicate and laborious task. About thirty regiments havejiecn thus far translened, leaving about one hundred and twenty sis to be completed. It will re quire sixteen months, with four additional clerks, to complctethls record and keep up the ordinary duties of the office. Should It then be determined to publish the names of our soldiers iu book form, os has been done in several of the States, the materials for thns purpose will be correctly prepared for the printers, and the records could be published as rapidly as the Legislature may make ap propriation for, and desire it to be done. It would probably rcauire for this purpose six additional volumes, making in all, for a , complete published report, eight volumes, which will cost about twelve dollars per copy, for paper, printing and binding. It will require a larce appropriation to meet the expenses of publication, but arc we not to consider that the State Is justly hound to render this act of justice to our patriotic soldiers? It is true the State will never bo able to reward them for their patriotism and valor, in defending and maintaining our national existence. We may,' however, in some way, suitably approximate that which we can never fully accomplish. .... 1 respectfully request attention to that part of the report reterring to ourmUltlaand i militia law. The latter is worthless and | always was. It is impossible to perfect an oiganlzation under it, should it ever become j necessary to call out the militia for any pur- 1 pose, (an exigency it is hoped never to oc cur). A bill for the organization of the mili tia, simple in Us provisions, has been pre pared, which provides for organizing the militia without any expense to the totate, and for issuing arms to such portions of it as may choose to organize Into volunteer companies, when the State shall be prepared to Issue arms from its arsenal for that pur pose, which may be submitted for your con sideration. Conslderingthc character and Importance of the labor required in discharging what were deemed necessary duties, connected with the military affairs of the State, up to the present time, I have not felt at liberty to discontinue the office and rank ol tho Adju tant General of the State. With allthefacts before you, I conceive It to be my duty to submit this question, with ail others arising out of this whole subject, to your delibera tion and determination. CONTINGENT WAR rtJNU. The appropriation of SIOO,OOO as a contin gent war fund, for relief of sick and wounded soldiers and sailors of Illinois, to defray centingent expenses connected with the military service In the Stale, for messengers on public service for the State, and other unforeseen purposes, has been as sparingly used as was compatible with the proper consideration of the objects for which the appropriation was made. I felt that great prudence required in and have been complained at some for not spending the whole amount. Had the whole sum been expended, and tire §55,000 due the Insane Hospital been made, the ordinary revenue fond would have fallen far short of the demands made upon It. For the two years ending December 1, 1806, I drew from this fond $22,000, of which amount ' about SSOO is still in my hands to meet ex reuses of the Military State Agency, at | Washington City, and outstanding railroad transportation given to soldiers. The bills ofparticnlars have been filed In the Audi tor’s office, as required by thelaw, showingm detail bow the fond has been expended. A large portion of the fund was re quired to meet the expenses of the six mili tary State agents provided for in the law by. i which the agents were appointed. It is proper to state that six competent agents were appointed, and at once assigned to duty , in the field. There is no doubt they afforded very material assistance to onr troops and j rendered important service to the State. As I soon, however, as the war closed, they were all relieved from duty and returned home with our regiments, to be mustered out or service, except Colonel H. D. Cook, who was assigned to duty in Washington City- to aU tend to the gratuitous collection of soldiers claims for pay, pension and bounty. He u still on duty there, at a salaryof ooebwn dred dollars per month. All expenses of the agency are paid out of this fund. He ought to be continued there for at least one year, for these purposes. I have imposed on him the additional duty of pressing the collect on of the claims of the State against the United states for expenditures by the State Govern ment incurred on account ofenlisting, paying, clothing, supplying and transporting troops for the General Government during war. It Is estimated that the sura of six thousand nine hundred aud eighty dollars will be required to support the agency for the present year, including compensation to the agent, clerk hire, office rent, postage, stationery, fuel and incidental expenses. Without some recogni tion of tho services of Col. Cook,by the Legis lature, I will not leel at liberty to continue him on duty there .for these purposes. I JJ lieve the State is-fairly called upon to aid onr soldiers to this extent lu collecting their just claims from the United States. At most they get bnt little, and it ought to be an oh lect to the State to aid them In its collection, without charge lor the service. I recom mend th»t as appropriation ha nude lot thU purpose, or that the Governor be authorized to continue the agency there, and pay tfeo necessary expenses from the contingent war , fund. In connection with this subject, I fall jos- • tilled In alluding to the important services rendered to our soldiers by the State Sani iaiy Commission. From a report before me, madCiby Colonel John R. Woods, who hasbeen : its faithful Secretary for years, it appears • that the Sanitary Commission paid. In cash: ' For supplies sent to the field, from January i to July, 1865 ..$10,112 I Paid special scouts.... •v , *v . • SWO ; To Soldiers’ Homs in Springfield B,^ll Sent home 1,012 me* by rail, cash paid 3,958 Donated lo Orphans’ Home.... 5,000 Acvaccrd to helpless soldiers 0,009 Amount ot so diere 1 claims collected and paid, at per cent commission... .SOOJXX) This noble charity, in closing Ua opera tions in the field, deserves the generous . praise of all good people. PUBLIC lIiraOVEMENTS. The annual report* of the Board of Trus tees of the Illinois A Michigan Canal for 1805 and ISCC, with the accompanying ex hibits, to be laid belorc you, contain a com plete history of the operations, repairs and renewals of the canal, and a statement of the receipts and expenditures for the past tiro years. The trustees were appointed and toot charge of the canal in June, 1845, under the law ot 1843, creatine the trust. In 1848 the canal was completed, and has been con stantly and faithfully operated and managed by tho trustees ever since. By the provis ions of the law, the trustees retain the canal until all registered canal Indebtedness shall he paid, when the trust will expire, and the canal and all its property will revert to the State. The fourteenth dividend ot five per cent on the registered bonds was paid on the second day of the present month, leaving not far from $1,000,000 of this indebtedness st*ll outstanding and unpaid. From Jane, 1545, toNovembcr 30,1860, tho trustees have received from the loan, of 81,000,000, from sale of canal lands and lots, tolls, interest, etc., $9,845,584.91; and during the same time have expended in payment of the loau of SI,CCO,OQO, arrears of interest and divi dends on registered canal indebted ness, premiums on gold, repairs, re newals and operation of the canal, $9,845,584.01, less $14,504.52 loss on counter feit money and broken bank bills, and $351,400.27 In tbc hands of the Treasurer November SO, 1606. In ISOS the receipts from tolls amounts to $300,810; an excess over the previous year of $144,000, and over any preceding year of $37,000. In ISCO the receipts from this source were $302,958. The canal proper is uincty'Slx miles long, with twenty-six miles of navigable feeders, con necting with the Illinois River at La Salle, making a line of water communication of I three hundred and twenty milts from the 1 Mississippi River to Lake Michigan. So in timately arc the canal and river related to i and dependent upon each other, that the 1 stage of water In the river each year mate rially afreets the amount of tolls collected by the State from the canal. The high water in the river for the past two years gave us almostdlrectly the largely Increased revenues above stated. Could we afrord to look at the improvement of the navigation of the Illi nois River in this view alone, it is readily seen what material benefit wsuid How from it 1 to the State. Thu river and canal belong to the State, but onr people are willing that both should be made available for the com merce of the whole country. We very much desire additional facilities far the outlet and inlet of the growing and fullering commerces of the great Northwest—out abundant surplus produce must get to market without being choked to death; neither the United States nor Illinois can afford to cramp commerce or permit It to be delavod with local hindrances. It Is follv to talk about encouraging agriculture and* manufactures and attempt to squeeze bulb to market through overtasked and arbi trary channels of trade. Here we have a fine river two hundred and twenty miles long, with a full of only twenty-eight feet, which can, for about $2,500,000, be made to near an incalculable amouut of commerce across the State to an eastern and western market for nearly nine months in the year, which would yield a revenue sufficient iu a few years to pav the cost of the improvement, at a rate of tolls so low as scarcely to be'noticeable, while it is true that this improvement would iu some sense be local to those counties lying immediately along its banks; It is also true it would beneficially afreet a very large por tion of the Stale, and Indirectly the whole State, Just as Lake Michigan and the Missis sippi and Ohio rivers do. It would be better also to enlarge the Illinois and Michigan Co ral, now but forty-five feet wide, with four feet of water, to one hundred and sixty feet wide at the surface, with seven feetof water, supplied fr«>m Lake Michigan, forever pour irg Into the DeslMaines, at Joliet, a body of | water sufficient to bear all steam craft from the Mississippi River, with unbroken balk, j into Lake Michigan. This is eminently a na tional work, and the. National Government ought to be respectfully but urgently be sieged, through our Representatives in Con gress, and by every other proper and avail able influence, to make appropriations at oucc for this object. Ifbope your honorable body will, during the present session, again press this subject I upon the consideration of our National Con- j gress. It is a work of some magnitude to be imposed upon the State; aud'although we j are able to do it, considering the General benefits that arc to be derived from it, it is | neither just nor expedient for the general | Government to leave it to our enterprise, even should it be considered indispensable j for the State to begin tbc improvement by I making tbc Illinois River navigable for steamboats from tbc mouth to. LaSalle, for tbc entire season of navigation ; for it often occurs that boats of the ligutest draught arc, for months at a time, prevented from running ot all. We ought not to abandon the expectation of assistance from the General Government, nor do I believe we ore yet without reasonable hope that Congress may be induced to take this whole improvement in hands and complete It in a manner com mensurate with the never ceasing demands of an exuberant and growing commerce. Under the act of Congress approved June 23,15C0, making appropriations for tbc re pairs, etc., of certain public works commenc ed under the authority of law, and for other puposcs, the Secretary of War has author ized to provide for an examination and sur vey, among other points, of the Rock River in the States of Illinois and Wisconsin, and | the Illinois River, from its mouth to LaSalle, together with such necessary estimates of cost as thereinbefore provided, as will enable the Secretary of War to determine what im provements and public works shall be neces sary at the respective points aforesaid. J. 51. Wilson* Captain of Engineers and Brevet Major General United Slates Army, was de signaled to make the examination aud »ur- 1 vcy. and during the past summer and fall has been engaged iu making such surveys as the limited appropriations at bis command would permit. From correspondence with him I am led to believe we may expect bis report to bo of the most fa vorable character. General Wilson, a native sou of Illinois, fully impressed with the im of these iinprovmeracnta, will zeal ously urge upon the national Government the necessity of tbclr early completion. At his earnest solicitation, audio aid him in layieg before Congress every important fact connected with the improvement of the Illi nois River, I was induced topurchasc for tbc State the survey of tbc Illinois Klvcr, made in 1657, by Mr. Preston, well known fromhls long connection with our public works, be lieved to be a most accurate, full and com plete survey of that river, with the field notes, maps and profiles, all of which were deposited in the office of the Board of Trus tees of Illinois and Michigan Canal at Lock port, in the special custody of William Good ing, the Secretary, aud of which the State could not obtain the use without first paying to the executor of Mr. Preston’s estate the sum of fifteen hundred dollars. A similar survev could not now be made by the State, I am 'informed, for less than twenty thou sand dollars. 1 felt that the importance at tiich*-d to this survey, and the use to be made of it, would justify me in using the contingent fund lor this purpose. Should your honorable body be inclined to approve my action in this matter, this sur vey will be available at once for any pur poses of legislation in relation to that nver. General'Wilson has had the fall benefit of lUU survey in making his examination of and report upon this river. It is now held by Mr, Gooding at the canal subject to the order ot the Governorof the fctatc. The act of the lost session of the General Assembly, approved February 16, lS6a, for securing the completion of the Summit Division of the Illinois and Michigan Canal npoa the original “deep cat” plan, and to secure the thorough cleansing of the Chicago River, granted to the city of Chicago the right to enter intoon arrangement with the Beard of Trustees of said canal, with a view to the speedy accomplishment of the work. As the amount to be expended by the city of Chicago for this purpose Is to be a charge and vested Hen uponthe canal audits reve nues after the payment of the present canal debt, to on amount not to exceed $2,500,000, and to that extent is a charge upon the State, it would have seemed prudent to have provided for reports to have been made to the State by .the aity authorities, upon the condition and progress of the improvement, from time to t*me, until Us ccmpjeUon. As no such reports arc made, lam unable to lay before yon any information upon this sub ject. Intimately connected with the improve ment of the Illinois River and the Illinois & Michigan Canal, is the project of the con struction, by the General Governmentorthis State, of a canal from the termination, or near It, of the Illinois & Michigan Canal, to the Mississippi River, at or near Rook Island, with a navigable feeder, tapping the Rock River at or near Dixon, in Lee County, to gether not far from one hundred miles in TenMh; and. also, the improvement of Rock Giver, in this State *erb»p» works could be constructed in the state which would be productive of more general and immediate benefit than these proposed improvements. A very large portion of the state would be directly benefited, and an im mense trade would float over them from ad loinlng States. Any arguments in favor of the improvement of the Illinois River and the Illinois & Michigan. Canal, bear alike fa vorably upon these proposed improvements. They are deservedly attracting, and are sup ported by a sound and growing public opinion in an extensive portion of the State. It is impossible to resist the solid reasoning brought to their support; and he who takes a liberal view of the In creasing demands of agriculture, and the common welfare of our people, looking to the approaching and promising future of our State, must admit that the claims of the friends of these improvements arc just, lib eral and wise. we must not, gentlemen, yield to any hampered policy In P™ for the present and future Interests of tms young, powerful and favored State, fall J>* the resources of wealth and human happi ness. Millions yet ore cuoy its rich domains, the gift of God and thenbode of man. Should the Rational Government decline to make bMhwS/sWc h°cU W sS SSSi in the light of profit from the revenues, and thus always subjecting our pro- j duce to burdensome lolls. Or by a loan of the State, to secure the means to budd them, which under our Constitution must be sub mitted to a vote of the people before it can be created. Or by a direct tainponthopco pie of tho State, which theGeucrai Assembly may bv law levy, to be collected and appro priated for all or either of the proposed im provements. Considering the the several objects combined, or wo largo amcant required for either, and that the .whole people would bo called upon to bear and pay such tax. these measures ought t m fcc submitted to the ordeal of public discus sion, examination and reflection, beforesuoh a law shall be made. The railroads In our State have contribut ed immeasurably to our prosperity. Instead of less, we want more miles of this Mod of ccrnmnslcation. Certainly, none can com ?laln that the tenth article of our Constikn lon has cot been liberally construed by our Legislative. The most liberal railroad char ters have been granted. . Our people and coarts have encouraged them la every man ner consistent with the Constitution and laws, but always in the tellef that the ben efits were to* be reasonable and mutual. These charters fcave been-granted, not to hairassand oppressthe people; and sbonld cupidity in their management overreach discretion, and a proper regard fior their own well considered and permanent interest, it will become a question for the General As sembly to consider, if the means of redress are not attainable through the channels of just and self-prclecting legislation. COSVKSTION TO BBVTSB A2?D AMDTO TUB- „ CONSTITCXIOJT. Our present amended State Constitution was ratified by a -vote of the people in March, and became the supreme law of the land oa the first day of April, IS4B. It contains many wise and salutary provisions. Under' it, our people have greatly prospered, and oar State has become one of the first, in al most every respect, in the Union. But time has materially changed our circumstances, and experience has clearly demonstrated that what was then prudent, and suitably adapted to tbe condition of the people, docs not now accord with the requirements of onr growth and prosperity. There has for years been a growing desire, and it Is believed it now amounts to a well-defined public sen timent, that our Constitution should again undergo revision and amendment. It does not fall within the purposes of this commu nication to enter into that full discussion up on this subject its great Importance demands —coming more appropriately within the range of your deliberations, -or, more legiti mately, perhaps, reserved to the people, ia passing upon the question. It is, however, obvious that more time is required for legis- lative deliberation than tbe brief period now fixed in the Constitution; for, wbilo the sessions are not limited to forty-two days, as is generally understood, inadequate pro vision is made to extend them beyond that time. The cumber of members should be con siderably increased In both branches of the General Assembly. It would meet with public favor to fix the number of Represen tatives, and so arrange the basis ol repre sentation, if practicable, as to allow to each county in the State at least one Representa tive. There is a general desire to so organize the judiciary as to increase the number or Judccs of tbe Supreme Court, and to restrict the number of judicial circuits. The two-mill lax, for the payment of the principal, pro rata, of tbe State debt, is no longer requited in the Constitution, and should be stricken ont. It contains odious discriminations against personal liberty, which ought to be ex punged. The compensation allowed to members of the General Assembly, to the judges of our courts, and all officers of the state Govern ment, is below a properstandard of remuner ation for the service required, ami ought to be materiallv increased. Laws of doubtful constitutionality, which, to some extent, remedy this difficulty; have. In a manner, met with public approval. It will be better in the future to provide against the necessity for such legislation. There are various other and important de fects in the present Constitution, requiring such changes and improvements as relleetiou and discussion will suggest. There 5s no reason why the public mind is not now in a condition deliberately to consider those ques tions of fundamental principle and reform which belong to and constitute tbe basis of all constitutional Governments, and are usu ally settled and fixed by.constitutional law. Besides, there will be ample time, before any Convention can assemble, for that thorough and dispassionate consideration these grave questions at wavs demand. I therefore ' respectfully but earnestly recommend the adoption of a joint resolu tion. submitting the question to tbe electors of the State as provided in the Ist section of the 12th article ol the Constitution. CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT. I have the honor to transmit lor your con sideration on attested copy of a resolution of Congress, proposing to the Legislatures of the several States a fourteenth article to tU« Constitution of theUuilcd States, transmit ted to this department for this purpose in June last, by the Hon. William H. Seward, Secretary of State of the United States. This proposed amendment to the Consti tution of the United Slates, alter full and deliberate discussion, has received a most emphatic approval and endorsement by tub pcop’c of the State. While in some sense it .may he supposed the necessity for this amendment grew out of the late rebellion, and that it was framed with direct reference to the state of facts resulting from the war, it is candidly submitted that there is not a>* principle asserted, a right declared, or a dutv delloed by it, that might not, with great propriety, have been engrafted upon the Constitution, without any reference to the war, and independently of and ante cedently to It. Are not oil persons born or naturalized In the United States and subject to its jurisdiction, rightfully citizens of the United States and ot each State, and justly entitled to all the political and civil rights citizenship confers? and should any State possess the power to divest them of these rights, except for treason or other infamous crime? . _ Ihc section basing representation m Con fess upon population and voters would have been wise at any time, as well before as since a state of War. Ought it not to be held as a . fundrmental rule, that no person who has ever been iu rebellion again sif our Govern- • ment, should ever be trusted any official position in connection with the Government, where such person may be required to dis charge anv duty for or under it ? Ought hot all obligations created by the Government, and for Us support and defence, to he forever binding on all the people of the United States? And should our Govern ment, or any Stale, justly be required or ex pected to assume and pay any debt or obli gation, created with direct reference toils destruction, and without its assent ? Or, should either be held in any sense liable to pay for the freedom of meu emancipated a from a slavery revolting to every instinct of liberty, and disgraceful to onr laws and morals. Emancipated at last to preserve that llbertv so dear to every citizen, whose cxl.-tence was constantly In peril by the very people who delighted in the chains of slavery, and who revolted at the suggestion of liberty to a race infinitely their superiors in love and devotion to human liberty and our republican form of government. It is urged, however. In some of the States where the people arc expected, through their Legislatures, toirutify this amendment, that it will In some way be incompatible with their dignity, and repulsive to their honor to do so. It may be inoffensively asked, why this can be so in some Slates and not so in others anxious to ratify It? Cer tainly there will be little ground tor opposi tion with any, excepting, perhaps, those who may he afllicted ty its prohibitions. In that case it may be a serions question as to whether they are entitled to be consulted on the subject. x . , This is a government of the people, based upon certain and well defined principles of universal justice, carefully guarding and reg ulating the rights of ail men—defining- the distinctions between right and wrong m the light of equal liberty to all—and, as we all hope who love it, created to stand as long as human liberty shall be worth preserving. The instinct of self-preservation teaches tm to abhor treason against it, and to look witn distrust upon all men who have been guilty of that high crime. Such personaarc not in a condition dispassionately to determine what is cither necessary or expedient to pro vide against the repetition of this grave of fence nor what measures should be insisted / unon’bv the loyal and devoted friends ol a f Government to which they arc tamper- • ably attached by affection andlnterest, as a means ofits preservation, ft is bended it would he more compatible with both dignity and honor, for such persons who insist upon remaining iu and enjoying the liberty of a country they could not destroy, respectfully to acquiesce In the measures proposed to the whole country for the peaceful settle ment of its late troubles, and forever aban don the hopes of a lost cause, and ,all the errors, follies and inconsistencies which flow fron it. This objection meets with little favor from, those who arc thus appealed to for less rigorous condlllons cf reconstruction, when coupled with ill dis guised hatred of oar people and onr institu tions, and with scarcely a renunciation of love for the cause which led them Into rebel lion. Opposition to the amendment is .sus tained upon very narrow grounds when It Is falsely assumed, that not only the amend ment, but all our national legislation on the subject of reconstruction, fi prompted by malice and spite towards the defeated, and is not based on the higher consideration of the public welfare. Much cause as the loyal people have for dislike of all rebids against the Government, we are, nevertheless, not without consideration for their welfare, so lona-as they shall lemain amongst ua ; and in no unkind splrit.will seek their happiness . in the adoption of all measures which shall, in the spirit of patriotism and fidelity to the Union, excluding the possibility of treason and rebellion in the future, with irrepcalablo safeguards, secure la-ting peace and univer sal happiness to the whole country. If the pending Constitutional Amendment shall fail, or if adopted shall still fail to se cure these ends, other more adequate and comprehensive measures will be inaugur ated, which shall not tall to restore and re establish the Government upon the basis of the indivisibility of the Union, the supreme authority of its laws,.and the equal liberty of all Us citizens in every State in the Union. In submitting this proposed amendment to the Legislature of Illinois, it affords me pleasure to recommend'its ratification by 3 onr honorable body. . The doom which so recently hung over the nation is dissipated. Tlie grand for the preservation of onr liberties and the maintenance of the Unl°o, bfl3 ended in com nlete triumph. The heroism of the soldier surpassed the hopes of all. and thegraud army ot the Republic .emerges from the con flict all honored and immortalized at home, and respected and appreciated abroad, ibe miseries of war are largely compensated by the blessings of peace, and the bitterness of the struggle is appeased by the terms,of\tbe vlctoSin ail tne States peace once mVc holds universal sway. Onr &tale “at tained a high position through the fearful strife. It Is the glory of onr people that we were faithful twonr flag. And-now in the Jmnd march of civilization, responsive .to the invocations of peace, let her be equally tnie to the higher obligations of DatlomU prosperity, and her own considerate wel ttMy acknowledgments, arc due to thc gen tlemen in the several offices connected with the Executive Department, for nnitorni cour tesy and the able assistance I have at all times received from 1 fg£ tions The Hod. James H. Bcvcriasp Mira from' Us office deservedly entitled, to Urn. tt fValfair times heartily, U, Iwithvon, 1 withvon, and trill cheerfully’e-*. fSliftoyourochVssistance asmav ho in toy lower? to the discharge ofyonr arduousi and reversible duties. Richard J-Otrurenr. Vtrfld.*