Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 10, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 10, 1867 Page 2
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Chicago tribune. DAILY, TRI-WEEKLY ASD W EEKLY. OFFICE, Ko. 31 CLABK-4T. There are three editions of the Tsstm issued. Ist. -trery moroimr, for circulation br earners, newsmen and the mail*, td. The Mondays, Wed nesdays and Fridays, for th: mails only; and the Wxkslt, on Thursdays, fW the malls and sale at oar counter andbr newsmen. Term* of the Chicago Tribune: Dally delivered ta the aty coer wee*) 8 25 “ ****** (per Quarter).... n. 25 Daily, to mail subscriber* (per annum, paya ire In advance) 12.00 Trt-Wetaay. (per asruto, payable In adTaact) 0,00 weekly, (per annum, payable In advance) 2.00 t3T Fractional parts of the year at the same rata. CF* Perrons remitting and ordering lire or more copies of either the Tri-Weekly or Weekly editions, osy retain tea per cent of the subscription price as a commission. Nones to M*Bsci:ißrE»,—in ordering the address oi yonr paper* chanced, to prevent delay, b; sure and specify what edition you take—Weakly. Trl-Weekly, or Daily. Also, plre yonr pnngurr and future address. tST Moccy, by Draft, Express, Money orders, or in Hetfiitprcd Letters, may bCMQtatouriisk. Address, TRIRUNE CO., Chicago, 111. THURSDAY. JANUARY 10. ISC7. THE ANTEDILUVIANS. Tuesday last was the eighth of January, and on that dav the Democracy of Ohio and Connecticut met in conventions to congratu late themselves that they were antediluvi ans, and were proud of it. The proceedings arc principally remarkable as the sayings' and doings of men whom the world has left behind it, and might be dramatized and pro duced upon the stage as a holiday extrava ganza. like Irving’s tale of Rip Van Winkle. These men think, speak and act os their pre decessors did thirty years ago; they seem to be oblivious ol the fact that a civil war has taken place: that rebellion has been scourged and subjugated; that slavery been ex tinguished, and that within the tfmits of the United States there are none but freemen, entitled by that character to all the civil and political rights which pertain to freedom. These conventions are true types of the party they represent. They were melan choly, morose and hypochondriac. They were also stupid. Had the Bourbon families of Europe held a convention, it would have becu j ust such a gathering as these. There would have been the same unyielding devotion to to the past, the same hitter complainings of the present, the same parade of old titles and trophies of former greatness; the same per s’stcnt demand that chaosshould be restored, that Time should turn backwards and rein state them in places and power from Which they have been bulled by Insulted and out raged peoples; the same predictions that every tiling was hastcniugtoperdilion because they wete not in command; the same ex* plodtd notions of a soveroigu’y to which that of tbc whule people is subordinate; the same remonstrances against human freedom ami the equality of all men before the law; the same barren protests against the world’s progress, and Ibe same eminently Bourbon thought that mankind will eventu ally turn to them for deliverance. The Ohio Democracy, not content with a formal declaration that they believe In things That have long since perished, and arc them m/Ivc? relics of a race fast disappearing, went further, and, alter the manner of their royal types in Europe, denounced the uwtTuiwe of the Chicago Times as an insult to the dig nity and purity uf the family blood, and the new doctrine? of that paper as hateful and infamous In the estimation of every man who lias ever been a member of thu Democratic v. To the general public tbe proceedings of ; this Ohio Cuuveutum have but one item ol the least interest or significance. It will be re membered that George 11. Pendleton pre sided, and that George 11. Pendleton was a member ot the Congress which proposed the C\<i>sU!utioiial Amendment prohibiting and abolishing slavery. That amendment Mr. Pcadlvon then and there pronounced void, ami denied the power to abolish slavery or destroy the property In slaves by that or any other proceeding. Mr. Pendleton adheres to that opinion yet; so do the entire people of the slaveholding States; and the Ohio De mocracy, or the remnants of the party in that State, could do no less than declare negro suffrage to be out of place,'because it was comerring political power upon a popu lation which was legally enslaved, and in point of fjdt the property of the white race iu iho-e States where it existed. Slavery and property In man were both championed by the Democratic party forty years ago; they should be championed- by every true believer now; having been upheld by the Democratic party for over forty years, that party could not admit their constitutional destruction, and therefore they must uphold those institutions at Ibis time. The great effort of the South is to get Into Congress before the next Presidential elec tion. To adopt negro suffrage Is to concede the freedom of the blacks, and the constitu tionality of the proceedings by which they were made free. To exclude the blacks from suffrage will be to diminish the weight of those Slates In the Electoral College. The pending Constitutional Amendment proposes one or the other of these alternatives, and comefjuently they cannot accept it. If, however, they can be admitted to represen tation In Congress and in tbe Electoral Col lege without either of these conditions, then the Ohio Democracy, having preserved their fidelity to the Institution of slavery, there will be a general union of the Demo cratic parly North and South, upon the doc trije that slavery has never been legally abolished. Such, we repeat, Is the only significance of Ujc proceedings of the antediluvian nomoc racy at tlieir Bth of January convocations in ULio and Connecticut. till; rilUl'Lli AND THE BAIL* \v >vs or tviKCOHMix. In the (‘oustitution of the Stale of Wlscon* sin there is a wise provision that all acts of legislation, public or private, mvy, at the pleasure of the Legislature, be amended or repealed. In that State, therefore, there is iu» question as to the constitutional power ol tlic Legislature over the corporations it ha> created. The oppressions to which the people uf that State have been subjected by excessive charges for freights upon railroads lii ally suggested legislative remedy, and at the-last session of the Legislature a bill amending the railroad charters, by fixing a maximum of rales for freight and passen gers, was introduced, and passed the House i-f Representatives, but fulled iu the Senate. Why it faded in that body Is hist known to the railroad companies and the Senators, but the re is little difference of opinion among the peopte as to the real cause. The Legislature of Wisconsin will meet agtin during the week, and the contest be tween the people and the monopolies will be renewed. There will be the usual struggle between the people and th«if op pirptors, but the temper of the people Is mh h that the Legislature will hardly disre gard the public demand. There is no ques lion of the power of the Legislature tv enact the proposed legislation, and the re* Mriaiicc ri the corporations to the suggest ed modifications of their charters, Is but the rc-si-tauce which monopoly will always maKe to any interference with its inordinate gain*. - Juft at this juncture when the people and llu- eoruoiatmqs of the Slate are engaged in thb .‘•truggle for the mastery in a matter vitally afievtiug the property and the busi m-r-ji of every man in Wisconsin, there comes tli*- hiic'ij'ignicc of a scheme now perfecting in New York, whereby the Milwaukee & St. Paul, and the Milwaukee & Prairie du Chicn Railways, and all the Minnesota rail reads are ft* be consolidated with the Northwestern Railway. How far this intel ligence will affect the parties engaged in the struggle between monopoly and public rights, in the Legislature of Wisconsin, we cannot say, hut we think that the people of I iiul Slate have reason to rejoice that there is a provision in their Constitution that will, now uiui hereafter, enable an incorruptible Legislature to exercise a restraining power over large as well as small Corporations. In view of the growing i»ower, and the rapidly accumulating wealth of these giant corpora tions, it is a comfort at least to know that t lie' ower is reserved, and may be exercised to protect the producing Industry of the .State from extortion or from rain. The friends oflhe proposed legislation in Wis consin have need of all the energy and en durance they can command, and they should make all other questions subordinate to the "•real one of emancipatiog the industry and Tahor i.n‘l wealth oflhe State from the vas salage it now renders to monopoly. ymBACu or pitiviutc?., In England there is an executive authority which la absolute in many things. If the Parliament displease the Sovereign, the lat ter may dismiss that Parliament and order the election of a new one, and may treat that Lnw OTe U the name manner. If the Uou« ot Peers prove contumacious, and refuse compliance with the executive will that Executive may create newPeem InnsnOlcicnl number to Rive it a control of that body. If Palliament enact laws distasteful to the Uoverclcn, the tatter has an absolute nega tive upon those laws. SolwltUsUndlng these prerogatives of the Crown, the British Pa-liamcnt has always Insisted upon Its in dependence and freedom, and any Minister or Other perron who would, pending the delib erations upon any meaanre, give utterance to what the King, Individually, thought of the I.var ure, would he. summarily punished for j,0,. hreach of privilege. Parliament In rirtr. li.at its members shall be free to vole end tp-ah u;on all measures without any V tr •'* the Klag's displeasure, sod that the fc/.V/ft of 'L* J*-gl*Uture shall be uncontrolled U j rtoo* communication ss to the , I * *)>•* or White* i n the nuller. I'tulteal of the United Bute* ha* none of this controlling powerov*! the legis lature of the country; he L> merely the os ccutlvc officer of the nation, who&e duty U to see that Uws made tvro' taUUfully execu ted. ‘ He catnot forbid legislation; noiLcap he dissolve Congress; nqr can ho .create- ad ditional members. Interference or dictation from him in matters of legislation must no ccssarily be more offensive and a greater breach of privilege than would that of a British sovereign. In the one case all power is claimed to be inherent In the Crown, and in the other there Is so inherent but an ex* clusivcly delegated power. There is a bill pending in Congress to pro vide Territorial Governments-for the-rebel States, and the President, on Tuesday night last, look the occasion of a parly celebra tion, to declare, in the form of a toast writ ten beforehand, that Congress bad no con stitutional power to pass a law to establish such Territorial Governments, and that the advocates of such a measure “are the ene mies of the Union and of our constitutional form of Government.’* For such a breach of privilege, Andrew Johnson ought to be punished. The (act that it was delivered at a drunken orgie is no sufficient apology, but an aggravation of the i Hence. THE COOK COUNTY DELEGATION. A despatch from Springfield to the Clilca co Times says that a portion of the Cook Count> delegation will vote against the re election of Senator Trumbnll. There are a number <>f reasons why we cannot believe this statement. In the first place no man could bare honorably accepted a nomination for the Legislature, from the Cook County Republican Convention, unless he intended to be governed by its Instructions. If any man Intended to disobey those instruc tions he should have so declared at the time. Then, if the Convention had still nominated him, he would have been at liberty, without sacrificing his honor, to have voted for any other man than Judge Trumbull. To say that because the nominations for the Legis lature were made by District Conventions, iuto which the County Convention had re solved itself, therefore the lustructions have no binding force, is the same as saying that a part of a thing is greater than the whole; especially when, ns In the present case, the Convention was absolutely unanimous. It any District Convention had passed any different resolution the ease \rould have becu changed. But no different resolutions were passed, for the reason that all the Dis trict Conventions had participated in pass ing the resolution in the County Conven tion. It Is certain that if any District Con vention had supposed that any candidate would seek to “ whip the devil around the stump” In the manner described, it would have applied ibe proper remedy at the time. Rut leaving the Convention out of view, it U well known that an overwhelming major ity of the Republicans of Cook County are in favor of Judge Trumbull’s return to the Senate, and this fact should be sufficient. Judge Trumbull Is the first United States Senator who has ever resided In Cook Coun ty, If not tboTirst who has resided in North ern Illinois. Judge Douglas may have had a legal roeideti'-'C here at one time, but he never had an actual one. It is impossible, we conceive, that any member of the Cook County delegation can add treachery to bis own locality to treachery to his owu party, in the manner fore.-badbwed in the despatch to the Times. On the score of population and Republican votes the city of Chicago can claim one of the two Senators of Illinois one fifth of the time, and Northern Illinois can justly advance the claim to one Senator all the time, provided the candidate possesses the requisite qualifications. Certainly Judge Trumbull possesses the highest qualifica tions intellectually, morally, politically, and every other way. He is the trusted and admired representative not only of the people of Cook Couuty, but of the State of llilcbls. He Is entitled to every one of the nine votes in the Cook Countv delegation, and not only so, but, by the terms of the resolution of the Convention, to their active exertions in bis behalf. We do not believe that any portion of the Cook County delegation will gratuitously forfeit public confidence, and proclaim that no faith can be kept with tbem. HEALTH BILL. Tbe intrinsic importance of tbe bill to provide a Metropolitan Board of Health for the city of Chicago, warrants its publication entire in our columns. Tbc bill was drawn up by an eminent lawyer who was appointed for this purpose at a meeting of citizens held gome time since. Tbc Metropolitan Health Act of New York was taken os a model for the proposed measure, and such alterations made in it us were deemed necessary or ad visable. The bill is to be submitted to the Common Council, us the responsible guardi ans of tbc municipality, who will alter, amend, adopt, or reject it as they shall see fit. With the general scope and purpose of the bill, which arc to create a Board of Health, distinct from the Board of Police, and to give them the power to enforce cleanliness and the proper sanitary regulations, we fully concur. We do not see the propriety, however, of giving the power to appoint the Commissioners, to the Governor. If tbc State is to bear any portion of the expense of a quarantine at Chicago, tbnt may be a reason for giving the Governor power to ap point one of the Commissioners. It is hardly probable, however, that the ritato will as sume any portion of the expense. Hence there is no reason why the State should appolut tbc members of tbc Board. The Mayor and Coun cil are fully competent to select the Com missioners. They are Immediately respon sible to tbc tax-payers, who foot the bills, while the Governor is only remotely and partially so. None of the reasons which ex ist in New York for vesting the appointing power in tbc Governor exist here. Our municipal government Is not controlled by gamblers and prize fighters. Whatever dis position is made of the hill It should bo amended in ibis particular. We trust that the bill will be read by our citizens generally, and we invite the com ments aud criticisms of the public upon it. Js*" The smallest thing that has been done in the present Senatorial canvass is the publication of a letter written something more than a year ago by General John 51. Palmer to Senator Trumbull, from which, it is claimed, the latter derived some valuable suggestions concerning the Civil Rights bill —us a reason why Senator Trumbull should not here-elected. If Judge Trumbull ac cepted any good suggestions from General Palmer, and embodied them in the Civil Rights hill, that fact is creditable to hie statesmanship, and General Palmer should thank him for It. It is customary for en lightened statesmen not only to accept sug gestions from persons who are capable of making them, hut to call for information from those who arc supposed to possess facts useful for purposes ol legislation. We have never before heard that this was an objection to a Senator. In several of the Northern Stales it is the rule to hold the State Conventions of the Democratic party on the Slhof January, the anniversary of the battle of New Or bans. That practice originated when the party was devoted to the preservation of the Union, and in the few Northern States which still adhere to it, it has survived the patri otic sentiment that prompted It. The Bth of January as a national anniversary, has been blotted out of the calendar in those States where the Democratic party retain the ascendency. It has been superseded by the anniversary of another event at New Orleans. The fiOth of July, the anniversary of the New Orlcyis massacre, will hereafter be the festival day in those Slates, and, tree to their allies, we suppose the Northern Democracy will also repudiate the Bth of January and adopt the oOih of July as a day always to be commemorated. We understand that a petition was taken down to Springfield yesterday by some busybody, requesting the Representatives In the Legislature from Cook County to vio late their instructions and their faith by vo ting against Senator Trumbull. This is the most sineular,as well as the most Impertinent, proceeding that we have ever heard of In a Senatorial election. The Republicans of Cook County having instructed their Repre fCiitatives to vote for Judge Trumbull, the presumption Is that the signers of this pell tion are principally Copperheads. SST’ After ever}' election of United States Senator in Pennsylvania, they bare a Com mittec of Investigation appointed to see who has got the most money for his vote. This year they have token time by the fore lock and appointed the committee before the election. This Is a good idea. The com mittee can be Investigating while the bri bing Is going on, instead of waiting till the briber haf got the office and thebrlbccs have got aw»y with their money. Xhe Opera. I The opera bcobou proper will close on Fri day evening of this week, with the compli mentary benefit tendered to the manager, Max Strakosch, Esq., and the appendix of a matinee, Saturday afternoon. Considering the fact Of the universal dulnces in amuse ments both East and West, the season has been a very fair success, financially. The audiences have been large, except upon the Favorlta, Tmviata, and Masked Ball nights, three operas which never have been and never will be favorites In Chicago. Our au diences arc proverbially cold and very slow to bestow encouragement or praise upon ar tists. U speaks very well, therefore, for the troupoi that they have been quite enthusias tically received, and at the representation of Lucia, achieved the rare success of calls be fore the curtain at the close of every act, not even excepting the last. Musically, success has varied, for the troupe Is uneveu hi its composition, and per. terms some operas remarkably well and some remarkably bad. We have certainly had no belter representations of Ernanl and die Masked Ball, and no worse representa tions of Norma and Fra Diavolo, than this troupe has given us, while the remainder of the season’s repertoire has been fairly done. This may be accounted for by the fact that the troupe is very badly balanced; Ghlom and Irfre arc first-class artists, and equal if not superior to any at present in the country In their distinctive rota. CanlssA Is a re markable musical reader and close student, and in soubrette characters has very versatile dramatic powers. Mad. Strakosch, although she sings smoothly and sweetly, has not her old power. Sueinl is a good artist but his voice is very unreliable. Coilcttl is very un even, and the remainder of the artists have done nothing worthy of note. The chorus is characterized by the same unevenness, the male side being very strong, the female very weak. As the orchestra is composed almost entirely of home talent, it is not just to class it with the tronpe. But, as we have said, there have been some very remarkable representations of opera, and all has been done that has been prom ised. Mr. Strakoscb has kept bis lalth with h: Is audiences —a rare occurrence with Im prcssaril—and for this, if nothing else, the public should give him a handsome acknowl edgement on Friday evening, upon which oc casion, by combining acts of three different operas—L’EUsir d’Amore, the Barber and the African—he will not only Introduce a novelty to opera goers, but present all his artists on the same evening. PERSONAL. The Montreal Urns alludes to young Bennett: “It is, we may also remark, humiliating to see lids son of one of the worst Scotchmen that ever left Scotland, and representative of what is, by common consent, called the ‘Satanic Press’ of New York, coming out before the world npon terms of equality as competitor in a yacht race with the second son of tauten Victoria. This is oven worse than the kiss which Her Majesty gave to Louis Napclcon.” The Illinois State Journal announces the death of Ron. A. U. Herndon, one of the poineers of Central Illinois, lie was for many years a dis tinguished member of thejGcncral Assembly, and more than any other, secured the location of the scat of Government at Springfield. Ills wife and three sons survive him. The two oldest sons are lawyers, who rank at the bar with the foremost men of the Slate—W. 11. Herndon, for twenty years the law partner cf our lamented President, A. Lincoln, and E. B. Herndon, formerly United ht lies Attorney lor the Southern District of Illi nois. The Madrid papers announce the death of the Duke olNeragna, a giandec of Spain ot tho first class. The laris papers, in reproducing the news, describe bun as “ Admiral and Governor General of the Indies.” The deceased Bake was neither an Admiral nor a Governor of the Indies 'any other place. Those were merely titles which be inherited from his ancestor, Cbiistopbcr Columbus', or Cnetoval Colon, as bo is called iu Spain. An interesting discovery Los recently been wade in J-ondou, connected with the old portrait ol IIJi «r Richard the Second. This picture, which him Iki-s known for ccutmics, and many times hem copied and engraved, was laid away iu 1775 in a chamber in Westminster Abbey, where it re mained in obscurity and forgotten until 1857. It was first described and engraved in 1713. Copies were made In oil, and it was several times en graved during Uie last century. The pictore was recently exhibited at the Kensington Portrait Ex hibition, when, on being closely scrutinized by artists and picture dealers, it was discovered (bat what was visible was not the original painting, but the result of successive coals of paint, entirely covering up the origins). These retouchings or layers of paint have now been entirely removed, and the real old picture, painted apparently from life, about the year 1300. has been revealed in an almost perfect state ofprcscrvaUon. The following is the latest ** Partlngtonlanlsm” from ;I*e pen of the inimitable Shillubcr: “Have you any lubricating drops for a bronchlcal defi ciency.” said Mrs. Partington to Dr. Wlihlngton, attbcconicr. “Is your cold deep-seated?’said the Doctor blandly. ”1 don’t know how deep it is,” she said, with a bark like an Esquimaux dog, “built is load enough. What a time for colds this is, to be sure; 1 declare 1 am complete ly exaggerated with my cough.” “You need an expectorant,” said the Doctor. “1 expect so,” replied sbe, “ but whether H will do any good or not mnst depend upon how it infects me, bat 1 will take a box of atrocious lozenges, anyhow, which I have heard spoken of as melifinoua.” Ike spent hia time in playing with the dumb bells, and the old lady asked the Doctor to excuse the libertyhc took, because the hoy was so given to jtroetasilca. Tbe late Dr. A. A. Gonld’s (of Boston) collec tion of shells Is to he sold. The collection in cludes sixty thousand specimens and was valued by Us late owners at six thousand dollars. Among recent deaths abroad are Aubea Louis Uedonln dc Pons -Lndore, a distinguished lin guist, archeologist and geographer; and the Baroness Blnct de Marcagoet, wile of General Marcagnct ■ Bon. John A. Poor, a prominent politician of Maine, and belter known as a writer and expert in railway metiers, had a severe attack of paraly sis at the Vermont Uonse, Boston, last week. Be j' bettor, bat very weak. John B. Thompson Is Lecturing In Virginia on English J Ife. T be Colonel Johnston recently elected to fill the Chair of literature in Washington College, (Gene ral Lee, President,) is a son of General A. Sidney Johnston, and dating the war was on the private riaff of Davis. UTAH. Brigham Yoon? and the Gentile Mcr chants. ISrlsbam Believe* In Patronizing only tlio Saints, In a recent issue wo printed a communlca ion addressed to the members of the Mor- mon Church by the prominent “Gentile” merchants of Utah, agreeing to leave the Territory if the Saints would buy them out To this communication at a fair valuation. Brigham Young replies as follows Gentlemen : Your commonication of De. ccmbcrfiOth, addressed to “The Leaders of the Mormon Church,” was received by me last evening. In reply, 1 have to say, that we will not obligate ourselves to collect your outstanding accounts, nor buy your goods, merchandise and other articles that you ex press yourselves willing to sell. If you could wake such sales as you promise you would make more money titan any merchants have ever done iu this country, and we, as mcr- chants, would like to find purchasers upon the same basis. Your withdrawal from the Territory is not a matter about which we feel any anxiety ; so far as we arc concerned, you arc at liberty to stay or go, os you please. We Imre used no Intimidation or coercion toward the community to have them cease trading with any person or class, neither do we contemplate using any such means, even could we do so, to accomplish snob an end. What we arc doing and intending to do, wo are willing that you and all the world should know. In the first place, we wish you to distinctly understand that we have not sought to ostracise any man or body of men because of their not being of our faith. The wealth that hag been accumulated in this Territory from the earliest years of our set tlement by men who were not connected with us religiously, and the success which has attended their business operations prove this. In business we have not been exclusive in our dealings or confined our patronage to those of our own faith. But every man who has dealt fairly and honestly, and confined his attention to his legitimate business, whatever his creed has been, lias found friend ship in us. To be adverse to Gentiles be cause they are Gentiles, or Jews because they are Jews, is in direct opposition to our religion. It matters not what a man's creed Ls whether lie be Catholic or Episcopalian, Presbyterian, Methodist, Baptist, Quaker or Jew, he will receive kindness aud friendship from us, and we have not the least objection to doing business with him; if in his deal ings he act hi accordance with the principles of right and deport himself as a good, law abiding citizen should. There is a class, however, who arc doing business In the Territory, who, for years, have been avo»cd enemies of this communi ty. The dlsrupture and overthrow of the community have been the objects which they have pertinaciously sought to accomplish. They have, therefore, u?ed every encry, and all the means at their command, to put into chculation the foulest slanders about the old citizens. Missionaries of evil, there have been no arts 100 base, no stratagems too vile for them to use to bring about their nefari- ous ends. While soliciting the patronage ol the people, ami deriving their support from them, thev have, In the most shameless and abandoned manner, used the means thus obtained to destroy the very people whose favor they found It to their Interest to court. , .. With the regularity of the seasons have their plots and schemes been formed; and we arc warranted t>v facts In sayiog that, could the heart’s blood of the people here be drawn, and coined into the means ncccs- I gary to bring their machinations to a sue* I cctfcful issue, they would not scruple to use it. They have done all In their power tn encourage violations of law, to retard the ndministralion of justice, to faster vice and vicious Institutions, to oppose the unani mously expressed will of the people, to in crease disorder, and to change our city from a condition of peace aad quietude to law lessness and anarchy. They have donated lil.crallv to sustain a corrupt and venal press, which has given publicity to the most atro cious libels respecting the old citizens. And have they not had tbclr emissaries in Washington to misrepresent and vilify the people of this Territory ? Have they not kept liquor and surreptitiously sold it In violation of law, and endeavored to bias tbe minds of the judiciary to give decisions fa vorable to tbeir own practices? Have they not entered Into secret combinations to re sist the laws and to thwart their hcaUby oik: ration, and refused to pay their taxes and t--give the support to schools rcqmrcd bv law? 'What claims can such persons have upon the patronage of this community? And what community on the earth would be so }>rsotted as to uphold and foster men whose aim Is to destroy them ? Have we not the rirht to trade at whatever store wc please? *br does the Constitution of the United Slates bind US to enter the stores of our dcadUvKl enemies and purchase of them ? it SO, wc should like that provision pointed out to us. It is to these men whom I have de scribed, and to these alone, that lam op* posed, and I am determined to use ray inllu ence to have the citizens here slop dealing with them, and deal with honorable men. There are honorable men enough In the world with whom wc can do business without being reduced to the necessity of dealing with the class referred to. 1 have much more to say upon this subject. OBIQQAU YOO.VO. Gna&r Salt Crrr, December si, 18*6. THE PUBLIC HEALTH. Metropolitan Board of Health Tor Chicago. Proposed Appointment of Fire San itary Commissioners. Their Powers and Unties. Mode of Procedure in the Abatement oi finisanees—Quarantine Stations far Immigrants Precautions Against Epidemic Diseases. Statistics of Marriages, Births, and Deaths. Penalties for notation* of Health Beg- elutions. The following is a copy of an act, to be in troduced in the Common Connell, providing a Metropolitan Board of Health for the city of Chicago: Be If enacted Ly the People of the Sta'e of Illinois represented in the General Assembly : OBJECTS OPTQB BILL. Section, 1. That in order to orovlde for the preservation of life and health, and to prevent the spread of disease in the State of Illinois, the Governor of the State shall, by and with the advice and consent of the Sen ate, appoint five suitable persons, who shall be residents of the County of Cook, three of whom shall bo physicians, who shall be Sanitary Com* missioners in and for the County of Cook, and who shall constitute a Board of Health in and for the city of Chi capo and the Conniy of Cook, to be called the “ 37*s Metropolitan Boar* of Health ot Chicago," but they shall have jurisdiction throughout the County of Cook. 4U.OTKEXT AMD OATH OP OFFICE OP TUECQSUUS- SIOMSBB. bzc. 2. The said five persons so appointed shall bold office, as such Sanitary Commissioners, for the terms following, namely: one for one year, one for two years, one for three years, one for fonr years, and one fur five years, and until their successors are appointed and qualified. Immedi ately nftcr the appointment of said five persons, as atnrcsaid, they shall meet in the office of the Mayor of the c>ty or Chicago, or at any other nlacd, and shall proceed to determine by lot which of them snail bold office for the respective terms of one, two, thiee, lour and five years. They shall, before entering upon the duties of their office, lake the oath prescribed fur State officers by the Constitution of this State, and shall flic the same Is the office of the Secretary ol State who, upon receiving the said oath of office, sha'l Issue to each ot said Coumiseioners a cer tificate of appoimment for bis respective term of office, so determined as aforesaid; upon receiving which they shall severally be and oerome Sani tary Commissioners and shall possess and exer cise the powers, and perform the duties of said Board, as defined by this act. Ttn ar or office of cumzsaioiren*. Sec. 3. Thceim ot office of each ol the paid Sanitary Comratfiflonera, af'er the expiration ot tte terms aforesaid. shall be fire year*, and they shall be ar-poiawd noon the nomination of the Governor by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Any va cancies ibat may occur by reason of death, resig nation. removal from oQlcc or otherwise, shall be tilled by appointment of the Governor in like maxner, and, ifauy vacancy shall occur darieg the recces of the Senate, the Governor may fill such vacancy by appointment, and the peison so appointed shall hold office until twenty days alter the nest meclluc of the Senate. OBOARIZATION OF TIIEBOAUD. See. 4. Immediab ly after the five appointed Sanitary Commissioners shall have taken the oath of office, as above provided, they shall meet and organize aa a Board ol Health by electing one of their number President and one ot their number Treasurer, and by ap- B Dinting a proper pc son to be Secretary or said oard. and tbc successive Piesidents of said Board of Health chair be annually elected from the members thereof, and the successive Treas uicrs shall bo members of said Board, bat the Secretary shall rot he a member of the Board. The Tieosurcrand Secretary shall respectively continue in office as such until removed by the election otft successor or otherwise. duties or president or tue hoard. Sec. G. The Presidmtol the said Board shall S reside and preserve order at tho meetings of the card, and. In case of the absence or inability of the regular Secretary to attend, be shall appoint a Secretary pro (im., who for the lime being may perform any duly of the Secretary; and tbe Board may at any time, in the absence or tbe President or Secretary, electa President or Secretary pro tev:. from their number, who shall exercise the powers of euch officers respectively. DUTIES OF TUE SCCUETAAT. The Secretary shall be subject to the direction of said Board, keep and authenticate its acts, rec ords. papers and proceedings, preserve Its books and papers, conduct its conespondeoceandsid hi accotnplbfalugthe purposes of the law as the Board may direct: ana raid officer (as well as the other officers at.d sgents appointed by eatd Board) shall be subject to removal by the Board for cause, to be entered on the minutes, and said Board may appoint his or their successor. TUESSUBER OF BOAUD. Sec. C. Tbc Treasurer of sain Hoard shall be the fiscal officer of the Board. He shall bold, and on clu ck and voucher dnlj disburse, as said Board may order, ana for the purposes of and in con formity to this act, the moneys be may receive or belonging to the fund herein provided, and shall pepofclt the same when paid to him at snch place as may be designated by tbe Board, lie shad ex ecute a bond, with not less than two sure ties, in a penalty of twenty thousand dollars, for the faltblnl discharge of his duties a. such Treasurer, the bond to be ap proved by and filed with the Comptroller of the city of Chicago. The Treasurer shall keep, or caute to be kepi, books showing all hU re ceipts and payments, and shall preserve his vouchers therefor. uauuv.iL or oomxussioxkbs—wukr awn now. Seo. 7. Any member ot the said Board may at any time be removed from office by the Governor; but, before such removal, such member shall be furnished with specific charges staling the dere liction ot duty complained of, and shall be af forded adequate opportunity to publicly answer the same and make uis de ecce thereto; and either paity to the pioceedlng may be subpenued from the tlicultCouH. or any conn of record have full power and authority to compel tbc attendance and examination of witnesses lunching snch charges or deteneq, and the production of hooks and pa pent relating tberelo, at tbe place aud time .here atoresatd proceedings or bearing may take place, as Is given In respect to the examination of wit ness or the p.-onncilon of papers in any suit at law; and If, by removals or other cause, the members shall he less than fire (bat not less than throe), tbe existing members shall constitute a Board, competent, by unanimous no tion, to exercise tbc powers delegated hr this act. aaSITAnTeVPEIIIXTEItntNT AKD DEUISTXBOF VI- TAX. STATISTICS. Sec. 8. Said Board shall have power to create i cbiel executive otKeer and appoint a suitable pei ton to fill such office, who shall be a person s-lall ed In saniiaiy miners, ana who shall oe deslsmaL ed as “S'snitarv Superintendent.” it shall be tho duty ot said onicer, as ho may be directed, to execute or cause to br executed tbe orders of tatd Board, and general/, according to its instruction, to exercise a practical super* vision in reaped to tbe officers and agents and ether persons (other than the >ecreiary, lYcasurer and mimbeis ot the Board,! who mar exercise any authority under the act; and said officer shall devote bis services to the atoresaid purposes, aa the Board from time to time direct. Such Superintendent shall make reports week ly, or oltcner, if directed by the Board, in writing, slating generally his own action and that of Ins subordinates, and the con dition of tbe public health In said county or district, and any causes endangering life or health thot have come to his knowledge during said period. The said Board may have power to appoint some person skilled in sanitary matters ami of proper scientific attainments who shall have charge of the vital statistics, and who shall be called me “Register of Vital Statistics," whoso chict business shall be to make a summary of tho reports and tne results of the action of the Board, and who shall submit to the Board from time to time such suggestions In regard to life and health as he mar deem useful and ptoper. The Sanitary Snpcrintenocut may perform the duty of “Uegls tcrol Vital StaliMlcv’or the eald Board may di rect the President or Seciclary of said Board to perform such duties. BANTTA IIT INSPECTORS. Sec. 0. Said Board may appoint and commission such number of “Sanitary Inspectors” aa they may think necessary, not exceeding twenty in number, and their duties may be nrescrlbcd by the Board. Each ofsncb Inspectors shall once in each week, or oftener, make a written report to said Board, staling what duties he has performed and also each facts as have come to his knowledge connectedwith the purpose orthis act as are by him i deemed worthy of tho attention of said Board, or | as its regulations may require of him, and such reports, and all other reports herein elsewhere ! mentioned, shall be preserved among the records of said Board. The Board may also employ such number of clerks and agents as may bo necessary to the efficient, safe and economical discharge of the duties devolving on said Board, and may also rent, tease, fit up and famish sneb offices for the transaction of their business as the convenience of tbe Board, its officer#, agent* and employes, and the prudent and proper discharge of the duties of said Board may require. mxTiKGs or Ttm board. Sec. 10. Said Board shall hold regmar and spe cial meetings, and three of their members shall constitute a quorum for tbe transaction of busi ness, as frequently as the proper and efficient dis cba> gc of its duties shall require; and the mles or bylaws shall provide forthe giving of proper no tice of nil such meeting* to the members of the Board. And all meetings shall in every suit and proceeding be taken to nave been dnly called and regularly held and all orders and proceedings to have been dnlv authorized, unless the contrary be proved. And Vald Board shall keep records of Us acts nr.d proceedings as a Board and ol the excctt tion of its orders, so far as reasonably practicable. or tnm< or ccuanssiojcziis, TazASuazn andsu- PKHIXTBItDEJif now mED. Sec. 11. bald Sanitary Commlwlocen and the Treasurer and Superintendent shall receive meb salaries as may be fixed by tbe common Council of eald diy of Chlcaco, and all ether officer*, and employes shall be paid such compeo* eatioo as the said Board of Health may determine. mmxs or Tint boatzd. Sec.lS. of Boart or Health to aid in the cnlorctmenl of, and as far as practicable, to enlorce all laws of this S’ate rout ine to the preservation ol hnman life, or to the cart, promotion or protection of health; ana paid Board may exercise the amhortiy given by said laws to enable li to discharge the duty heiebv im posed; and Ibis section I* intended to include all laws relative to cleanliness, and to the nsc or sale of poisonous, unwholesome, deleterious or adul terated dings mcdlcme or food. And said Board is anlhorix»a to require reports and Information fat such times and of such tacts, and generally of snch nature ard extent, relating to me life and uromolkn ofbcaltb as lie by-laws and roles may prtmue), from all pnbhc dispensaries, hospitals, asvlnms, Inflrmartc*, prisons and schools, and from the managers, prtndpals and officers tbereol; and from all other public It.s-luuuons, Uwir officers and managers, and from the proprietors, managers, lessees and occupants of all theatres and other places of pub lic resort or amusements In said district; bntsuch reports ar.d ttifomiallou shall only be required concerting mattirs or pattsculars In respect of n-iHfh it inav. in Its opinion, **eed informs Jon, for the bcUct dUcharge of its dalles In Mid Inct Ard It Is hereby made the duty of the of ficers, institutions and persons so called on, or re ferred to, to promptly give anchreports. or In wri'lng, as may he required by sald Mards. «nd It Is hereby further made the doty of all per sons, officers and hoards to make said Board of Health the reports and returns, and toglve the IntomaUou and to atlord to raid Board the aid ami facilities which bj I»J or ortloaocc they or tnv of them were required to make, afford, or gb e to "any pcr*on, officer or boatd, wccnirv powers herd'y conferred on said Board of Health were exciclsedby any otberofficcror board. SoannTOTAKBBVBUTMEISS rou ASCBUTAIXISQ TUB ESWTESCBAXPCAfSEOr PISEJLfn, AWD TO vsk rvanr toxcautiok to pubvkst disbasb cVp 1« Slid Board shall use all reasonable ™ins for ascertaining the existence and cause of dUMse or pen! to lit? or health, and for averting the rame throughout the district, term ‘♦district’ shall It. all cases he construed to mean the city of Chicago and conotyuf coot, and shall promptly cans* a’l proper InformaUon sion of said Board to bo sent to the local health authorities o: any city, village or town In thb Slate tvht‘ h may request the same, and %hall add thiTflo such n-cfni suggestions as the experience of/id Board maysnpply. todtlls hereby made the duty ol said ncalih authorities to s°Ppl/ tho like lutomstlon and suggestions to Mid Metro nolVan Board ot Health, and said Board may take measures and supply and t! dr power for general vaccination and dLiiucc- Urn In ih« cltyo*f Chicago and Cook County, and m« affotd mcnlcal relief to and among the poor i f «uin disnict, ii* such a manner and for snch length person ride with cboleta. small-pox, or other contagious or Infections fllseaf e, or otherwise. DUTY OF TOUCH BOARS TO CAUSE CODERS OF imi.TH SOAKS TO BE EXECUTED. See. H. It shall bo too duty of tho Police Board (and of its officers tnd men, as the last earned Beard shall direct) to promptly advise said Metropolitan Bosrdot Health of all threaten ed danper to human Uie or health, and of all mattcis thought to demaad Its attention, and to regularly repmt to said Board of Health all viola tion of Its rules sod of said ordinances and of the health, taws, and all useful saol'ary Informa tion. And eald lest named Board shall, so far as practicable and appropriate, co-operate for tbc promotion of public health and \hc safety of hu mai* life in Bald district. And It shall be tbc dnty of said Police Board, by and ‘brooch Us proper officers, agents and men, to faithfully and at the proper time enforce and execute the sanitary rules and regulations, ana the orders of eatd Board oi Health (made pursuant to the power of and Board of Health,} upon the same being received in writ ing and duly authenticated, as aald Board of Health may direct. And maud about (he execu tion of any order of the Boaro of Health or of the Board of Police mode pursuant thereto, police officers and policemen shall have as ample power and authority as when obeying any order of or law appbcahle to the Police Board, or as If acting under a special warrant of a fustico or ittdgo, duly issued: hut for their conduct they shall be re* sponsible to the Board o| Police and not to the Board of B«.alth. HEALTH BOARD SHALL EXXP A COXPLAIXT BOOS. Sec, 15. Said Board shall cause lo be kept a general complaint book, or several each hook*, la which may be entered bj any person. In good feilb, any complaint of a sanitary nature which each person thinks may be nseiaf, with the name and residence o( the complainant, and may blvq the n*me of the person or persons complained of, and the date oi me entry of the complaint, and such suggestions of any remedy as may In good faith be thought appropriate, and said nooks shall be open to all reasonable public examination as the Board may authorize; and me Board shall cause the facta in regard to each complaints, to be investigated, and the appropriate remedy to be applied. XRcnrrznißO srunes. Sio. 18- Said Board may, from time to time, en cage t suitable person or persons to render sani tary engineering service, and to malto or super vise practical and scientific sanitary investiga tions and examinations In said district requiting engineering skill, and to prepare plans and re ports relative thereto. And it is hereby made the duty of all boards, officers and agents having the control, charge or custody of any public structure, work, ground or erection, or of any plan, description, outline, drawing or charts thermo, or relative thereto, made, kept or con trolled under any public authority, to permit and facilitate the examination and inspection, and the making of copies of the same by an officer or per son thereto by said Board authorised; sad the members of said Board, tho Sanitary Super intendent, or Assistant aforesaid, any of the atoreesld Sanitary inspectors, and such other otllcer or person as may at any time be by said Board authorized, may. without fee or hindrance, enter, examine and survey all grounds, erections, vehicles, atm elutes, apartments, buildings and places In said district. including vessels of all kinds in the adjacent waters, and all cellars, sewers, passages and excavations of every sort, and inspect, the safety and s-tet ary condition and prake plans, drawings and descriptions thereof according to tbe order or regulations of said Board. Bald Board may make and publish a re port ol the sanitary condition, ami the result of the inspection ot any place, matter or thing in said district bo inspected, or otherwise as afore said. so far as, in the opinion of said Board, such publication may be useful. And said Board may provide a badge of metal, with a suitable inserts lion theteou. aud direct and require it to be worn, in fl position to be designated, by any person or officer under the authority of said Board, at such lime and under such circninstancLa as tbe rules or by-laws ot said Board shall direct. It shall be a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment In tbe County Jail, or id the City Bridewell, or In the Penitentiary, for not lees than one year nor exceeding two years, or by a line of not less than two bundled and fifty dollars, for any person, not an officer under ibis act, to falsely represent him- , self as such, with a fraudulent design upon per sons or piopcily, or to have, use, wear or display, without autbomy, any shield, or other Insignia or emblem such as worn by fnch officer. But no more than two ibou-and dollars in any one year shall be expended (or sanitary engineering pur poses. HEALTH BOARD NAT CAUSE ARTTHINO TO BE CTEANED, PURIFIED AND DISINFECTED. Sec. IT. t*ald Board may oi der or cause any ex cavation, erection, vehicle, vessel, water emit, room, building, place, sewer, pipe, passage, premises, ground, matter or thing ui said district or adjacent waters, regarded by said Board as In a condition dangerous or detrimental to life or health, lo bo purified, cleaned, di Infected, al tered or Improved; and may also order auy sub stance matter or thing, being or left In any street, alloy, water, excavation, building, erection, place orgroutds, (Whether such place where the same may be, be public ov private), and which said Boatd may regard an dangerous or detrimental to life or health, to be speedily removed to some prop<rplace. Said Board may also have the reg ulation and control ol all public markers, so far as relates to the cieaulli<e«9, Ventilation, and drain age. and to the prevention of the sale or catering tor sale improper or unwholesome food or articles therein; the regulation and licensing of scaven fers ; the prevention ol accidents by which life »r cnltn may be endangered; and, generally, the abating of all nuisances. POWER TO DECIABE WHAT IS A NUISANCE. Sec. 18. Anri s-ald Board may have power to de dare any building, erection, cxfcavatlon, premises, business, pursuit, matter or thing which they may regard unwholesoure, dangerous, deleterious or injurious to the public hmt'li,to be a nul-anc* and may cause «aid nuisance to be abolished, abated and removed, and said pursuit or busi ness to be removed or entirely to cease. And said Boara may, for said purpose, proceed in ac cordance with ibe provisions of tnu act. or any existing law. fcre. 19. Whenever any building, crcc'ion, excava tion, premises, business, pursuit, matter or thing In said city of Chicago ai d Cook County shall, in tbc opinion of said Board (whether os a whole or tn any particular), be la a condition or In effect cancerous to life or health, said Board may take and file among its records what it shall regard as sufficient proof to authorise Ua declaration that the same, to the extent It may specify, la a public nuisance, or dangerous to life or health; and said Boat d may thereupon enter in its records the same as a nuisance, and order the same to be re moved, abated, suspended, altered or otherwise improved or pnnflea. as said order shall specify; ana shall cause said order, before Its execution, to be served on the owner, avent, occupant or tenant thereof, or simc of them, which to said Board may appear moat directly interested In Its execution, provided said parties, or any of them, are in said district and cau he found, and such service can be coMrnlentiy made, and if any party so served, (or Intended to be according to this law), shall befoie lla execution la commenc ed, or within three days after such service or at-, tempted service, applv to said Board, or the Pres ident thereof, to have said order or Its execution stayed or modified. It shall then be the duty of said Board to temporarily suspend or modify said orocr or tho dcciulou thereof (save ir. cases of imminent danger »rom impending pestilence, when said Board may exercise extraordinary po t era, as herein elsewhere specified), and to give auct» party or parties together, as ibe case in the opinion or the Board may require, a reasonable ard latr opportunity to be heard before salt! Loaid, and to presort facts and proofs (according to the iules or directions of said Board), against said dcclar.tion and the execution of said order, or lu rarer of ua modJflcallon, occomingto the regulations of tbc Board; and tbc Board shall en ter in its minutes such facts and proof as It may receive, and its proceeding* on such bearing, and any o*hcr proof It mav lake; and ■hereafter mav rescind, modify or reaffirm Its said declaration milt order, and require execution ol said original, or oi a new or modified order to be made, in such form and effect as it may finally determine. BOWER TO ESTABLISH A qCABAjmSE. Sec. ‘id. The said Board may and shall have power to cause any person or persons who may be afflicted with any infectious or contagious oi-iage, or whom the Board may tmuk mav cause any disease which will be dangerous to life and health, to be detained at any place which they may designate, and the said Board may cause to he established a quarantine for Immigrants who may be coming into the State by railroad or by water; and the said Board may erect, establish and sup port suitable buildings for persons recently com «nc Horn distant places into the State of Illinois by vcbscls, cars, or otherwise, and may. under such rules and regulations, support such persons at such establishments daring each period as the said Board may deem necessary lor ibe protection of the public beallh; said Board may also remove from cellars and any other unwholesome places all petsons who make such cellars or places their place ot dwelling or lodging, aud ruruish such Streonswbcn so removed temporarily with other welling or lodging places for suen periods as the said Board may deem necessary; and said Board may have power to use whatever means and agen cies jvhlcb they may deem necessary for the prompt and effluent exercise or Inc powers heroin con ferred upon said Board tognmd the public against cholera, ship fever, lypus lever, or any other dis ease whatsoever, whether infectious, contagions, •or otherwise; andfor this purpose they may cause any place, or any buildings, erections, grounds, streets, sewers, or drains lobe cleaned, purified ordklnfecled, and they may close any baildiug, enclosure or other place, which, if not so treated, might, in the optulou of the Board, tend to cause, develop or increase cholera and aQ other diseases of a dangerous character; and they may provide for the removal, accommo dation, care and treatment of such persons who mav be attacked by. or who arc found sick with cbo’lcra or any other disease of a dangerous md contagious nature, and for the Interment of (hose who may die, ami may make and enforce such regulations and oidv rs for preventing cholera or any pestilence or contagious disease in said Cook county as they may deem proper; and In carrying out tneir said rules and regulations, it shall be tbc duty ol all persons and corporations to aid and assist and co-operaic with said Board in every way. KAItRIAGES. BIRTHS AXD DEATHS. Sec. 21. It shall be the duty of tho County Clerk of Cook County to report to said Board by the first day of December in each year, the tames of all parties to whom marriage licenses have been Issued; aud It shall also be the doty of all clergy men, judges, justices of tbc peace, and all per sons who shall have autnoilty to solemnize mar riage, to report to said Board, within ten days after the marriage of any person, the names ot dll such person?, together with the age and nativity of said parties. And eatd Board may tarnish to all persons who arc authorized to perform the marriage ceremony such blanks or forms to make their reports, as said Board may deem necessary. It shall be tbc dntyofthe next of kin of any peison deceased, and of such person being wttn such deceased person at bis or her death; and If the person occupvlog or living tn any bouse or premises la or on which any person may die. or of patents of auv child bom fa said district (aud if there be no pareir alive that bas made such re port, then of uiL next of km of such child bora), and of everv person present at such bulb, within five day* after such birth or death, to report to said Board, in wrltlug, so tar as known, the da.e, waidand street, number of said birth, and sex and color ol such child bom, and thenamra of ibe parents, and tte age, color, nativity, Issl oc cupation, and cause of death of such deceased t«non, and the ward and street, ibe place of such penows death, aud last residence. Aud .or cv.ry emission of any person to make and keep the jcglalrv required by the acta referred to in this ttctlon, aud for every omission lorepoita writ ten copy of the same to said Board, within ten days suer anr birth ormsnlice pro video to bo registered, and for every omission by any person to make ihe report of any birth or death, with the particulars as herein required, any person guilty of said omission shall bo liable to pay a fine of ten doilaiS, which way be sued for and recovered In the name of said Board. But no person Shan tc liable for snen line for not making the report herein required, if he or she shall prove that such report bod been made to ihe Boird by some other person before suit brought :or snch penalty, or iba\ he or she was ignorant of « *»ch birth or death. POWERS OF THE BOARD. Sec. 29. The said “Metropolitan Board of iictiiib 01 Chicago,” m order lo cany oat ihe ob jects and purposes of this act. ?hali have, possess and einov all the powers and authority which the Board ol r Police and Health Officer of the city of Chicago new have, by virtue of any State law or any ordinance of lie city of Chicago, and espe cially and particularly all of the powers and au thority enumerated aid set forth in a certain act entitled “An Act to provide sanitary measure* and health regulations for the dty of Chicago, Htidtoptovlac for the appointment of a Ueatui Officer tor the city of Cmcago,” approved Fcb rnary 10,1HX., and, upon complaint lo the Distort Attorney by *aid“ Metropolitan .Board of Uealtn of Chicago,” or aty of its officer* or agents, the District A'lorm v snail proceed in the same man* ner as U provided 10 said act above mentioned that he thall oo on complaint of the Health Officer, and complaint* may be made to the District Attor ney n* a n y ci'izen la the same way and manner as t« provided la *ald act above referred w, approved February IC, ISC. But nothing in Oita section shall be held to be any limitation whatever ol the po» era of said Boa* d as Is provided in this act or any method of proceeding which u elsewhere pro* vidtrt In tr is aci; bet all of the remedies which a e provided for the ohences named in said act of Fchiuary Its ifiCS, above mentioned, shall be held to te concurrent remedies and nay be made use ol by said Board. rOWEB TO EXACT BT-LIWB, SCL£9, UEOULATIOS9 AXD DSALTB OKDDtASCM. 23 Board may enact such by-laws, nslefl, recnlatlcms ana make each order* end ordi ranees se it may drem advisable, In harmonyjtrtih the provision* of this act, and to accomplish Us purposes, which are not inconsistent vmh the CocstitnOon of this State, In order to protec; life and health and prevent dt-ease. and may from nine to time alter, amend or annol the same. And it shall fcc their doty to make and publish a code of health ordinances for the protection of life pod health, to remain In 101 l force end effect until al tered by said Board; and all courts and tribunals, iud<*ea and lattices of the peace, shall take cocni aanccof and give effect u? said orders, bjr-UWfl, jules, regulations and ordinances and the several parte thereof, and may enforce snch ordinances. rtsAiTT ron violations or health reoula noSß, one Elia and onntiaactt. And every person, body, or corporation that shall violate or not conform to any ordinance, role, sanitary regulation, or special or general order of said Board, shall he liable to pay a floe or penally of not lees than twenty-five dollars, ard not exceeding one hundred dollars for each offence, which may be sued for and recovered by t cd In the name of raid Board, with coats, before any police magistrate, justice ot the peace, or tri bunal in said Cooli t onnty having jurisdiction in civil cr mminal actions; and each justices and tzibonals shall take juiladlcttoo of such actions. And upon the complaint of any citizen of said Cook County against any person for a violation of any rale, sanitary regulation. Ordinance or older, made to anyjoeiice of the peace, police inatice or magistrate, snch justice or magistrate snail order the arrest of any person against whom each com plaint is made, as in any other case of a criminal odcnco. and, by his wanatit, may require any po liceman or constable to make each arm*, and may, after such arrest, proceed snmmarily to try enebperson for such alleged offence, and either acquit or fine said person, and the payment of a fine may be enforced in the e rne manner as la usual in other cases woere fines are imposed. Such fines, when collected, shall be at once, paid over to the Treasurer of said Board, to the credit of said Board. Hcporta of all snch trials, and of fines imposed for violations ol this act. or of the code of health ordinances hereby authorized, shall be made monthly to said Board by (be jus tice tfcforc whom each trial is bad. Bat nothing in ibis section contained shall be construed as in ary manner limiting any powers, penalty and punishment in this act elsewhere conferred. PESIETT FOB WILVCX VIOLATION OF OCDCtANCES. Pec. 24. And it is further provided, in addilioo to the above and foregoing,thru who overshall violate the provisions of Ibis act, or any order ol said Board made under the authority or the same, any bj-law or ordinance therein referred to, and •‘hall after request from said Board, or any or Its officers or agt at:, persist in so doing, and goal! not imme diately cease to violate the same, or ifthecircnm stances aitetdin/r the violation of the provisions of tms ac, or any order of the said Board, or any law i elating to health and sanitary matters, show that It waslicowinglrand wilfully done, or if any person shall obstruct or Interfere with any person in the execution of any order of said Board, or any order of the Board of Police, iti pursuance or execution of the order ol the Board of Health, or wilfully omU to obey any such order, shall t»e guilty of a misde meanor and besubjeet to be indicted and punished for said offeree, by due or imprisonment, or both— and the due may he not less than *IOO or more than *SOO, and to Imprisonment In the county jail or City Bridewell of the city of Chicago not ex ceeding six months. DO Aim SLAT SLAIN TAIN CIVIL SUITS FOB VIOLATIONS OF THE LAW AND OHS IN ARCUS. Sec. S 3. Any person, corporation or body which nay have wilinlly done or omitted any act or talng which is In Lais aci. or any law or ordinance therein referred to, declared to be. or to subject the party guilty thereof to punishment for a mis demeanor, shall, In addition thereto, be subject to

a per at y of two hundred a d fifty dollars, to be sued tor aud recovered by paid Board in any civil triha* al In said Ccok County, And anytuch salts mav be against one or more, or each of all those wco participate in tho act, refusals or omissions complained of, and the recovery maybe against one or more of those joined in tho action, as the Justice or court shall direct. And the provisions oi this section, as to tbe jurisdiction of tribunals. Sanies and costs, shall apply to all suits by said card or of the Police Board under this act. And said Boaid of Ileallh may Institute and maintain In its own name ail such suits and proceedings as shall be reasonable, necessary aud proper for re covering any moneys expended, enforcing the payment of anj' fine, tho punishment for any offence. or iu other respects carrying out the objects of tbU act- Alt processes ami papcie usual or necessary In the commencement and prosecution of actions, or for tbe collection of money, iu suits or proceedings under this act on execution. may be served by any policeman, and in and about such matters, tbe policeman so engaged rball have power to arrest, and no fees shall bo charged by any court, magistrate, or clerk for the issue ol any paper or process, or the per formance of auy duty in suits under this act. Any civil action brought under or by authority of this aci, shall bcluthc name or by the authority oi said Boatd, aud may be brought iu auy court in said district having jurisdiction iu any civil ac tion, loan amount as large as is demanded In such action, and if judgment bo rendered fur tbe plaintiff' in any amount, costs of the court m which such acton is bi ought shall also be recovered. The Commissioner of tho Boaid of licaltu shall not be personally liable for anything done m good faith, or any of its officers or ageuts who shall act in good fanh in carrying out tbe provis ions am! requirements of this act, and where trier© was probable cause for these acts. PROSECUTING OFFICERS AND POLICE JUSTICES TO ACT ruOBPTLT UPON A VL COHPLAINTS. Sec. *.C It shall be toe duty of all pros ecuting officers of criminal courts, and police Justice* and justices of the peace to act promptly upon all complaints and In all suits or proceedings for any violation of ibis act. and in ah proceedings approved or pros ecuted by said Boaid, and lo tiring tbe same to. a speedy tearing or termination, and to render judgment and direct execution to issue, aud issue the same without delay. IF RIGHT OP ACTION HAS ACCRUED NO ACTION SHALL ABATE BT TUN PASSAGE OF THIS ACT. Sec. *27. No action shall abate or ilaht of action already accrued he abolished by rcaaou of the ex piration. repeal or amendment of any ordinance, code of health ordinances or regulations ol said. Board;nor shall any court lose jurisdictionof any action by reason of a plea that title to real es tate is involved. In respect to all proofs and pro ceedings by said Board or its sgcola or officers, under this act, papers filed shall be deemed en tered npon ox In the minutes of the Board. HOAItD OP POLICE TO AID IN CAKIITINO OUT THIS taw—au, expenses incurred in abolishing NUISANCES TO BE A LIEN ON HEAL ESTATE. Sec. *28.11m said Board of Health may require the Board of Police of the cily of Chicago to exe cute any of the orders referred to in this act—hut all of the powers and authoiity possessed and ex ciciscdby the Board of Police of the city of Chi cago In reeard to sanitary matters shall hereafter bo also enjoyed, possessed and exercised by the said Board of Health. ' Ibe orders of the Board of Health shall, if the proper ptreon or persons are known to the Board and can be conveniently found, be served upon one or more of the owners, occupants, lessees os tenants, of the subject matter to which said order relates, or upon one or moio of the persous whose duly it was to have done wh it Is therein required to he done, as the case may render last and proper In the opinion ot said Board—and if said order is not complied with, to the satistacdon of the Board, wtthlu three days af'ec such service or attempted scrvictvor within any shorter time, which, in case of pestilence, the Board may have designated, or Is not thereafter speedily executed, than such or der m«j executed as herein elsewhere provided in regard lo any ot the orders ol said Board. ; and if personal service of any aforesaid order cannot he made hy reason of abscced or Inability to And such.persona therein, then such order may be served by sending a copy thereof through the mait,or by leaving a copy at the residence or place oi hnsiness of the person sought to be served, with a person of suitable age, and all of tbc costs aud expenses incurred iu suiviug or attempting to serve said order, and all the costs and expenses of doing any work, or abating any nuisance and costs and ex penses of every character and kind in regard lo any matter or thing, in and abont any premises, real estate or property ol any person in carrying out the provisions ol this act and for sanitary pur poses shall Ou and become n lien upon ibosald real estate, premises and property, ami rears of the owner of said property to the lull extent of all the costs and expenses ol all proceedings of the Board and all the expenses of doing the work. And tie said Boaid may enter npon their books the amount of alt such costs aud expenses, in cluding the costs and expenses of the proceedings and cf doing the work. And a suit may he insu lated against any one declared liable for said ex penses, whether the owner or occupier of the premises, or tenant, or against any person, firm cr corporation owing, or who may owe such rent or compensation, and may recover tbc expenses so incurred under any order aforesaid, which judgment shall become a lien upon the real estate, and upon the premi es and property about which the expense was incurred. And only one or more of pucu panics liable or interested may bo made parties to each action as the Board may elect; bnt the patties made responsible as aforesaid (or such expense shall ho liable to coatribo.e or to make payment as between themselves, in respect of such expense or compensation, or by any party paid on account thereof, according to toe legal or equita ble obl'gatlon existing between them. Aud U is hereby declared to be the du'y of every owner and part owner aud person Interested, and of creiy lessee, tenant and occupant of, or in any place, water, ground, room, s:all, apartment, banding, erection, vessel, vehicle, matter and thing in said district, and of every person cot dncilng or Inter ested In business therein or thereat, aud of every person who has undertaken to clean any place, pound or street therein, and of every person, public officer and boaid having charge of any g-.omid, place, building or erection thereon, to keen, place and preserve the same, and every part, and the sewerage, drain age and ventilation (hereof in such condition, and to conduct the same In such man ner that It shall not be dangerous or prejudicial to Uic or health. And in any suit In this act author wed to be brought, the right of said Board or the Board of Police to make any orderor cause the execution thereof, shall ho presumed. In all cases if it Is the duty ot any tenant, lessee or oc cupant of any halloing, or any part thereof, to keen said premises. or any part thereof, in repair or clean and In eood condition, according to'he health laws and orders or ordinances, aud the oncer or landlord shall be compelled lo pavany money by reason and on account of any neglect or omission of said tenant, lessee or occupant, bo may in all cases secure of said tenant, occupant or lessee the full amount paid by him. together with costs or suit, and ten per cent damages tn any court having jurisdiction of the same, now recoups an© proceeding hade rtmuc. bic. till, bald Board may establish reasonable regulations as to the pnblldty of Us records and ptoevedings, and may publish such lutonuatloa as may. iu lla opinion, bo useful, coicemlug bitibs, deaths, marriages, sickness and the gen eral sanitary condition of sold district, or any matter, place or thing therein. Copies of the records of the proceedings of said Bomd, of its rules, regulations, by-laws and boons and papers constituting part of its archive- when , authenticated nythc secretary or Secretary pro i mb, shall he presumptive evidence, and the au thentication be taken as presumptively correct in any court of justice or judicial proceeding, when tbev maybe relevant to the point or matter In controversy, of the tacts, statements and recitals therein contained, and the action, proceedings, authoiity and orders of said Board shall at all times be regarded as in their nature, judicial, and be treated as jrrfanu foci* just aud legal. ANNUAL REPORT OT BOAUD. Sec. 80. It shall be the duty of said Board, so far «t» it may be able, without seriouaTcxpciise. to gather and nresctve aocb information and facts relating to deaths, disease and health in this dis trict, and Irom other peris ofthe Stale,whlch mav oe n-eful to the people and which may promote the public health and contribute to the security of human life. And It shall be the duty of all health officers and Boards ot Health In the State, to cotnmuncate to said Uetrooolltan Board of Health copies of their reports, and also each san itary Information as may be nscfal B> the people of this country and of the State. It shall be the duty ot eaxd Board, on or before the Orel Monday In December in each JW, to make a report to writing to the Governor of this Stare upon the Sanliary condition and prospects of said district; and such report shall set forth generally the statistics of births and deaths and unumgesvthe action of said Board, and of Us officers and agents, and the names thereof for the past viar. and may contain other useful informa tion ; ard shall suggest any further legislative ac tion or precautions oeemed proper tor the better protection of life and hraltb, as well In other pare ofthe Stale as especially in said district. s»nch annual report* way concA'n ttu- sanitary rules and by-laws adopted by the Board hereby created; ard the annual report of sWd Board shall also contain a di tailed statement ot tbc manner of ex penditures during |b« year last past, and of the j lands on band. Sold Board may annually have , not exceeding one thousand copies of said report printed in an economical form, at the expense of Mid Board, and may distribute the same a? shall be best adapted to promote the purposes or this law: but a ropy ol said report shall he seat to each duly organized Board of Health In the stare of Illinois which may hsye requested such copy, at d shall have lurnUhed said Board with a copy oflts own annual report. tvnances —crrT or cmcAGO to pat titoee roi nnis op *tt. expenses ako cook cocstt ONB-POLTmi, , Sec. Si. The expenses of said Board of Health shall be paid as follow-: the city ot Chicago shall pay three fourths of all the expenses, and Cook tonutv one-fourth of all satf expenses ; and the State of Illinois shall ray lo the Treasurer of said Board the sons of Five Thousand Dollars annually to be expended by said Board, or so much of said amountasthe said Board may think necessary And predmt, lor the purpose of establishing a nuarantme and keeping and maltital'iing the Same, and in supporting and maintaining peraoua X »“ be taken sick, and for providing toe the Interment of such persons as may die whUe there, i and also in defraying ail expenses the oblecls ot i-which are to guard the public health against the enreca of Cfiot'tc, and every description of con- Srious disease which mav arise through the Sate And'hey my investigate and recommend sft Boards of Health in the State, and to thtf authorities of atljtbe towns and mites in the ! stat&encb regulations aud sanitary measures . fmlbclr adoption Ip order lomevenube torch! of the cholera. and anr pestilence or other con unions or Infection, disease, or to presene Ufo and health, as they maj deem necessary and mSom srerassßT to atmi THEixens ,B O , Sl BOARD, to OE JLU3ED OT TAXES, OS |SS”nIS sod expenses ol stH Board tSillixa pari and parcel of the costa acd ex- Sar»dTsxcaolsald cllj amt coonty, in ins mmortltrn shove tneoliooon, aod It shall bs Ibe SJSj ol the common Council ar.o of the Boaid ot Supervisors of said Cook County, (o Include said I costs and expense# 10 their annual tax 'ovy; said | Common Connell and sclu Board of Supervisors | shall cause (he respective amounts herein oropor- Uoucd to each, to wit, to the County of Cook, one-fourth, ana the City of Chicago, threo-foaiths, to be levied and collected as part of the legitimate taxes of eald County and City and when eo levied, it shall he collected Ibe same as any other tax, and when so collected It shall immediately be paid over to uc TiCa»urer of aald Board of licaltU, to bo expeul ed by eald Board of Health in the protection of life >no health, as is berclnlore provided in this act. Bald tax shall be a Hen on all real and pex , serial property from the time of it* being levied*, ! and it may be collected by distraint of property, I by suit, or in the same manner as any taxor aesessmentmay now be collected, or by any law, which may hereafter be enacted. EZPRIBZS—HOW KSTUCATCD. Szc. 2S. The Mayor and Comptroller of the city of Chicsco and Ttuasnier of Cook County, to gether with the members of said Board, created by this act, shall, on rearonablc notice iromsaid Board, convene si the office of Ibe said Board of Health as a Board of Estimate, a majority of whom shall forms quorum, and shall annually, on or before the Urn day of August, make up a financial estimate and statement, Including all sums and expenses In arrear, and also any sum borrowed, as herein elsewhere provided for, of the sums required for the year commencing on the first day of January en salng annually (above any sums on hand), for the expenses and proper support, and for tho dis charge of the dalles of said Board, Including the proper expenses and disbursements of said Board, and of the members or officers thereof in the discharge of their official duties, and for such other general or incidental expenses as may from time to time. In the judgment ol said Board of Estimate, become necessary, with the enumera tion thereof. But the sums raised fir the ex penses of any year shall not exceed fifty thousand dollars in amount, independently of such sums as may have been expended la the presence of greatand imminent peril to the public health in said district by reason of impending pestilence and independently of the sums herein elsewhere provided, to bo paid by and recovered back from any per. on or corporation. And tho expenses for the remainder ot rbc current year after the pas sage ot the ac*, to be reckoned at the eald rate of fifty thousand dollars a year, independently of said extraordinary expenses, and ol nld sums to be paid or recovered back shall be estimated and apportioned to the city and the county, and col lected in the next annual tax levies. JX CIQCCNSTANCES OF CHEAT PERIL BOAHD NAT EXTEND SUCH AMOUNT AS NAT BE NECESSARY. Sec. fit. In the presence of great and 1 comment peril to the public health in said district, by rea son of impending pestilence. It shall Do the duty of said Board to take such metßores. and to do and order, and cause to be done, such acta, and make such expenditures (beyond those duly esti mated for or provioed) for thepreservatioa of the public health (though not herein, elsewhere or otherwise authorized) as it may in good frith de clare tbe public safety aud health to demand, and the Mayor of the city of Chicago shall also in writing approve. Bat the exercise of this extraordinary power shall also, as far as U involves such excessive ex penditures, require tbs written aaaeutofatleast thtee members of tho Board. And such peril a hail not be deemed to exist'ex cept when and for such period of time as the said lt«ard shall declare, by proclamation, tho same to exist or continue. BOAHD NAT BOUUCVT A SCFTICITNT SUN OF NONKT TO ORGANIZE THE BANE AND DEFHAT EXPENS2R UNTIL TUB REQUISITE ANOUNT CAN BE RAISED BV TAXIS. Sec. US. The eald Board may borrow, on the credit of this act and ot the funds to be raised thereunder, such amounts (the borrowing of the same respectively to b* first approved in writing by the Major) os may. In tbe opinion of said Board, be reasonably necessary and proper to en able it to ducharge Its duties and defray Its ex penses hereby authorized, up to the time when tbe requisite lands can be realized for said Board ar.d purposes from the taxation and source* here in provided for aud authorized; aud such moneys to non owed, with legal interest, ehalt be a charge upon and eball be repaid by the said county aud city in t*c proDorfon* shove named- aud the amounts thereof shall, in addition to the rsqaisi o annual expense to secures future annuel fund, be Included or allowed lo the next or first animal erttmateof tbe sums required and-expenses as aforesaid, and shall, with interest, be included, and tbe amount, with Interest, col lected in and with the tax, in this tet provided (or, and the same shall go into the said fond, and shall from thence, by the Treasurer of the Board, bo paid to or in favor of ibe parties entitled. And sard Boaid may Is sue Us ccrtrflca'csta those ot whom it borrows moneys os herein authorized, under Its seal, aud signed by us President and* Secretary, and bear ing interval at the rale of not more ttan seven per cent, ami payable tt a time not more than eight een mouths from the date at which any smn may have In on borrowed. But It tie fcsid Board shall not bo able to make such loan within a reasonable time, then tie said city of Chicago shall advance tie necessary amountofmoncy to tie said Health Board, in or* der to carry tils said act Into full effect, until tie requisite tunda can bo realized fromjtaxatloo, os herein provided, trom said city and county. SIGNETS UAISED, AND FINES AND PENAXTIES TO BE PAID TO THE TREASURES. Sec. 36. All tie sums of. money provided or raised (or meeting tic expenses, compensation or payments provided by tills act, or that may be atitoorlxed by said Board: and all floes and pen alties collected for violation of any of tie oro-l aionsofliis act, or for violation of any health law oi dcr or ordinance which may bo passed by said Board or enacted by tie Common Connell of lie city of Chicago, shall be paid to lie Treasurer ol said Board, and shall Constitute a fund to bo, so tar as needed, used by tho said Board In tie peiforroance of its duties and discharge of its ob ligations acd shall ho paid out by said Treasurer under tbeorders of said Board. Sac. 37. Bo salary or compensation shallbeduc or paid by any officer or board whatever, to any officer, or scent, or board in said city of Chicago and Cook Comity, for services to be rendered af ter tils act goes into effect, make any law or ordi nance concerning life or public health, except under this act, and nnless authorized and directed by the Board hereby created. The Common Council of the city of Chicago may, at the request ofsald Health Board, enact any ordinance re lating to sanitary matters or the public health, and may at their request alter or amend the same. And all other boards and officers now existing la s Id district under or by virtue of any law or or dinance relating to public health, arc hereby abolished: andno compensation shall be paid to or In respect of the same, for any service ren dered after this law goes Into effect,.save as said Board of Health mar authorize. It shall be the doty of the Board of Police, and the Health Officer appointed by them, of whoever may have possession or control thereof to trans fer and deliver to said Board all public books, records; statieticc, and papers In his or their pos session, or under bis or their official br personal cortrol, and to give such Information to aald Board as (heir or Bis department may possess re lative to any matter relating to his office and bis authority and duties under said laws shall cease » hen this act goes Into effect. The phrase, “ said Board,” or, “the Board,” when used herein, unless clearly referring to pome other body, shall he constituted to mean the said ** Metropolitan Board, of Health of Chi cago,” and the phrase•• said district,” or ‘'dis tant," or ** the district” shall be construed to refer to liic coontv of Cook and the city of Chica go. and the said Board may for a violation of any 01 »be provisions of this act or of any order or ordinance passed by thorn or by their authority resort to any of the remedies and modes of proceedingherein pro vided tor, or which may be provided for in any ordinance enacted by said Board or at .their re quest, or resort to any remedy whether civil or criminal applicable and known to the law and re cognized bribe laws of this State, and all such remedies and modes and proceedings snail be held to be concurrent, and no one particular reme dy or mode of proceeding shall exclude any other remedy ormode of proceeding. This act shall be a public act, and take effect from and alter i>s passage. THE WHEAT FIRE AT YOKOHAMA, JAVAN. Additional Particulars—lmmomc Dc «:2iictiou of Properly—Many Live# Lost—«rue*Uilrdofitio Business Blocks Burned* s*A3f FRAitcreco, January 2,15!57. Additional particulars of the great tire at Yokohama, Japan, have been received. The lire commenced in a cook shop in the street leading from Beutchdorl to Vosbiwarrs. The latter place is on the peninsula, and con tained a great number of habitations of Jap anese women. The Are spread rapidly, and, there being only one bridge leading to it, a great destruction of life took place, os all ut two isolated buildings were destroyed. The Japanese report finding thlrty-flve.bod loe, but a further examination of the burnt district added largely to the number. The greatest confusion prevailed during the fire, storekeepers in some instances literally bar ricading the streets in front of their premises with goods, thereby putting a stop to travel, and causing many deaths from crushing among the crowds striving to escape from the fire. The wind blew very strongly, and the fire swept rapidly througn the native set tled portion ol Yokohama, and thenco com municated to the foreign quarters. Every effort was made to arrest the pro gress of the flamcs.-by the use of water and bv blowing up buildings, but in vain, until nearly ouc-ihlrd of the stores and dwellings of the business firms was destroyed. The “ go-down,” or storehouses of many of the principal business firms were destroyed, as well as many public dwellings. Early in the day large detachments of sailors and marines were landed from the vessels ol the British fleet lying in the harbor, who at first worked well under the control of their officers, bat getting ac cess to liquor they became perfectly unman ageable. From striving to save property they turned their attention to plundering, and robberies of the boldest nature were made while the owners of property were standing helpless to prevent them. Among the losses by the fire and destruc tion was the archives ol the United Sfales Consulate. These were rescued by Consul Fisher from his office, and placed la a bouded warehouse, which soon after was also destroyed. A large portion of ihc ar chives of other consulates, as well as the French office, were destroyed. Xhc Ancrsiry ol'_Gcner*l Grant* .’rcm the New Qa.vcu(Conn.) Palladium, Jan. 4-. Richard A. Wheeler, Esq., of Stonlogton, who baa taken much rains to trace oat the gencaology of General Giant, recently fur* nished an' article to the Norwich Bulletin giving the result of bis researches. The Wil- Rmantlc Journal publishes the facts brought out by Mr. Wheeler, with some additions, as follows; , General Grant Is descended from an ancient and worthy Connecticut tamUy, the immigrant ancestor oi which was Maiinevr Gram, who came over In the snip *• Mary and John M to Dorchester, Mass., in De came to Windsor. Conn., with the earliest settiece of that town, where he became an active and prominent mac, being for many years it? lallhinl Town Clerk. 1. Marraxw Gnawr m. Priscilla Novem ber 16, itiij; he d. December 10,1651. Chil.: JMsclUa: i 2) Samuel, b. November 12, 1601; ■faban: John. • _ 2. jJanvti. Gbakt, of Windsor. m. Mary Porter, May 27,1653. Chil: (3) Samuel, Jr, h April 30. ICSU; John; Mathew; Josiah: Nathaniel; Mary; 6arah; Abigail. „ _.. _ , . „ 3 sahvil Uhast. of Windsor, to. Ist, Han nah Fillcy. December 6, 16*0, by whom be had a dan.. Hannah, who d. young; m. Sd, Grace Miner, dan. of John Woodbury, April 11, 1688. Their chil. were; Hannah: Samuel; (4) Noah, b. De cember 16, uafi; Abigail; Ephraim; Grace; Da vid; Ehenezcr. . „.. . _ Noas Guskt, loci'ed In Tolland. Conn., soon after that town was settled. Hem. Martha Hnn tlngton, dan. of John, of Norwich, They h\d the folTowlrg chil.: (s'Noah, b. July 1*2,1«18; Aoo niratn: Solomon; Msriba. _ , „ 5 Noah Gnaxr, removed from Tolland to Cov entrv, about 1750. Be and hi? brother Solomon, who* wa« also a resident ol Coventry, joined the expedition to Crown Point la 1755. and were both killed the same vpar. Hem. Susannah Delano, Nov. 6.1746, and’hadcbil.: (6) Noah, b. June 20, 1745; Peter. <3, Noau Giust served with dlfitlnc‘.lori*ln the Revolutionary war. He.removed from Coventry to Pennsylvania aoont 1757. He m. Ist. Mrs Anna liichartlson, in Coventry ; she d. before he emi grated ; He m. 2d, In Pennsylvania, Racrral Keby, in Chil. by first wife b. in Coventry: Peter; Solomon. Chil. bv 2d wife b. in Pennsylvania, Susan; (7)Jcssioßoot,b. Jan. iTOt; Margaret; Noah; John; Roswell; Rachel. . _ 7. Jesse Root Grant, father of General Grant, was named for Bon. 8001, of Coventry, the learned and able chief Justice of Connecticut during a former gcreration. He settled in Ohio and m&med Miss Hannah Simpson, June 24.1321. Their children were: General Ulysses Simpson, born April 27,1622. It will be seen by the above record that General Grant is a descendant in the eighth generation from Matthew Grant of Windsor, the lino being: as follows: First, Matthew; second, Samuel, Jr.; fourth, Noah; sixth. Noah ; seventh, Jesse Root; eighth, Ulysses Simpson. Besides the Grant blood, General Grant is descended through the female lines from several other Connect icut families of note, among them, the Por ter, Huntington and Lathrop famillcs,- which have produced many distinguished mem . A TERRIBLE TRAGEDY. Assassination and Suicide in New I'ork. Holder of a Pas Mon Editress by a Discarded Lover. Suicide of the Muiderer. A Shocking Story of Lore and Jeal- ousy. [Prom the New York Tribune. January 7.J On Saturday afternoon, about 5 o’clock, a terrible tragedy obcurred al the boarding Louse of lira. Vandcrtnark, comer,of Twen tieth street and Ninth avenue, resulting In tbs death of two persona: Mrs. Fannie Gray Willard, an authoress and editress, and Ktnndsman Thomas W'. Burke, of the Six teenth Precinct Police. The circumstances were as follows i Mrs. Willard had been boarding at the house of Mrs. Yandennanc since October, 1565, and while there had been receiving the addresses of the deceased Burke, whether willingly or unwillingly It ia not known as yet. Mrs. Willard had been superintending a table at the Masonic Fair In Crosby street, and it tm her intention to hare been present daring Saturday evening at her usual duties al the fair. Mrs. Willard in addition to being an edi tress of the Sunday Tunes, until a lew weeks ago was also forewoman of the World's wo men’s composition room at the time of her death, and at a late hoar otr- Saturday afternoon lelt the World office to go to her home r whether with au escort or not it is not known. It seems, however, that* young gentleman handed Mrs. Willard from an Eighth avenue car to the sidewalk at Twen tieth street, end it Is probable thatßurkc-.saw thisact of the stranger and lelt jealous* at the attention. Mrs. Willard went direct from the car to the boarding bouse, and but a few minutes bad elapsed when Mrs. Willard and Burke, who had- followed her, were beard quarrelling, as it Is supposed by the Inmates’ of the house, Burke speaking loudly and harshly and Mrs. Willard replying in a lower tone. She then left the apartment for the ostensible purpose of getting coal for her pri vate parlor. As she approached the head of the s a rewe on the landing, Burke, madden ed to jury by her cold auJ contemptuous conduct, drawing a shc-barrcll.’d revol ver trom his poeker, tired at Mrs, Willard, lodcmg a bullet near her heart. Mrs. Willard staggered forward, blindly groping In mortal agony, Burke still K-liowing. and a*- she entered ‘the rear par lor from the boll, Burke lirsd a second time, the shot mlssiog and passing through the ; door, lodging in tbs lire screen. Mrs. Wll .lard was then carried to the bed. where she died almost instantly Burke then feeling the responsibility of the deed, staggered for ward and, with the same pistol, emptied an-, other barrel bv shooting himself through the head. He lingered while he was being car ried to the Jewish Hospital in Twenty eighth street by some of* the policemen of the Sixteenth Precinct, when he died. Al though au inquest has been held, the iden tity has not yet been proved of thu Individ-' uul who escorted Mrs. Willard from the car to her boarding house. Au inquest was held yesterday morning ujon the body of Mrs. WiiUrd, by Coroner Gamble, at which the folloviug testimony was elicited. Mrs. Elizabeth l«ccds, who oc cupied the adjoining room to deceased, tes tilled as follows: I saw deceased at 5 o’clock Saturday evening, on her return from down (own; about Queen minutes afterwards she came into iry room alter a match; about s*? o'clock 1 heard the report of a pistol and heard the deceased scream; as she came to my door 1 ran-to let her in, when 1 heard the report of a pistol tLo second time, the ball pasting through the door; wnen f let her In she mid she was rnot; 1 beard (be report of a pistol a thitd time; I did not go out of my room; she lived only two cr three minutes after coming to my room V'i never saw Burke; deceased ha* told me that there was a man annoying her a great deal, but (lid nor m* ntion his name, telling me 'bat he was a uesnerate man; when deceased inquired for the match she Informed me that a gent emu Dad called on her; I went into her room and>sawa man lying on the floor bleeding; soon after he was taken away by the officers. Charles I’. ‘Willard, jv brother of deceased, ■who resides at No. SI Greenwich avenue, tes tified : ibe last time I flaw her alive was on Saturday afttrcoon alkali-past fonr o'clock, at 'i'tie U’cr/J, where ale was employed; 1 learned Saturday evening that ebo was dead; 1 went to her home and saw her; I never saw Thomas Burke bat once; Le was in t n o bebitof visiting my ulster; I saw him at my sister's house on Sunday nigut last; 1 left him there; have not aces him since; i have heard my sister say tbst Borke proposed matriaso lo her, that she Iran rejected him, and told him several limes Ib&t she would rather he would keep away bomihshouse, bathe persisted in coniine; my sister b’s been married: her hus band Is dead; Ido not know whether she was di voiced. Mrs. Sophia A. Vandermark, with whom the deceased boarded, testified: That deceased had lived with her as a boarder since October, 1565, occupying the front parlor; Tbos Brake was In the habit of visiting me deceased; about five o'clock Saturday afternoon he came to the bouse and asked for Mrs. Willard, and went into her room; he was dressed Jq citizen's clothes; when became his laco-appeaied to be Gushed, and be was somcwhatcxeUea; beard him i talking to deceased, but did cot bear what be eald; about fifteen minutes after Mrs. Willard , came down stairs to got soma coal, bat did not get it: she left the coaT-scottle and cand'e at the loot of the stairs and went back-to her room; i she had just time enough to gel there when wit* ness beard the first pistol-ahut, and at the same tune beam the deceased scream; witness ran to the { tuotofthe stairs and heard her running through 1 the hall and the i eportot tne pistol again. * * 1 have bad sumo conversation with me deceased { In neard toßuibe; sho said bo hid proposed marrlaco lo her. and that she bail accepted him; last July the told me ffiallhcj were going to get marriedcn Thanksgiving -Bay; since that lime ebe loidmo Uißi the had allured bar mind, and was not going to marry him. Moses Jackson, an otliccr in the Sixteenth Precinct, testified—that, hearing a lady had been shot, be went into the houso, and there saw a man lying In the front room bleeding from the head, with a revolver lying by his side with three chambers empty. Joseph G. Shaw, M. D., testified that ho had made a port mortem examination of the body ot deceased. The ball passed, through the head and was fouucl lodgedin the pos terior part of the body, near the spine. Death was caused by internal hemorrhage resulting from the wounds. The jury rendered a verdict that the de ceased came to her death by means of a pistol shot at the hands of Thomas M. Burke. The following letter was found on the per son of Burke by the officers: New Yons, Uay 1«, ISGO. I am so disappointed In falling to lind you to day, dear, that I have bicn Indulging In a "good cry." It semis to me that I would give a yea r of mvlilo for a sight of jourccar Cacc,and the touch of your Ups to mine. I looked for you this noon, but lii vatu. Tbciewcte no blue eyes watching for me, it seems, and no plcasan* smile towel come me. You cannot Imagine how 1 miss you, even at those little was*. Why, my heart fell like a heflvi stone In my bosom when 1 came back to the office. Will you think of me to-night, I won derl Please fancy,if you can, that lam with you even as I would bo IX I could, and 1 send you a hundred kisses and a heart rail of the most devoted love. . llowcanl goauay without seeing yon, even fora little while? lam tempted to delay until Saturday morning, so I may see you to morrow evening, at which rime, I suppose, you will bo on duly. O, dear, how provoking it Is to know that ■ you arc only a couple of blocks distant from me now, ana X canno* see you, but must go home ns dreary as a bird that has lost Us mate. Well, it Is something to know : what a dear, patient, good-hearted darling 1 have got, for you must knov that I consider that you j belong to me exclusively, and no one else ba* any 1 right to call you pet names, or to love yon. either. And lam very jealous of ray possession, X nssme I vou. X wish vou would tUiok enough.of me to I write mo one fetter while lam gone. Direct lo 1 Middletown, Conn. Will yon, dear? Ah I It you were only going with me Tom. I should be the happiest little woman rathe world. Wc should bo so happy together, for 1 womdu I lease you in the host—Don’t you believe it? Weil. I shall have your picture, and looking in its eves, will try to lancy the original near me. I expect I shall have it quite w orn out pretty soon; and ihtul shall W obliged to havo another one vhlch 1 baue will be more natural. You must ex cuse this paper ai.il envelope, dear, tor li ls the only kind we have beic, and I most mail thl*let ter before Igo home. ‘ . . ~ 1 loio von, no, I don t mean that, for you don t believe lii any such thing yon kuoA. Bat 1 mean lo say, X like you so much that it a very bard to etv coed night, now, and good-bye. Again, and neaiii X kbs you, and s’-aU not be quit© happy un til I see you again. Yours, ever, (Signed) Tasso. The following letter, written It will be seen, by Burke on Thursday last, was found amouß the effects of Mrs. Willard: Wxpsescat, January 3—2 p. an. Deab Faxjtx t i received your note, and 1 mast say it suTpriecdincnot alittb*, as veil trom its brevity as ns toimalhy; hunt »a9wci:omc~thatis, the autograph, not the contents. 1 am not very well to-day, ramie, and would not he able to stand the storm that awaits me. X was In hopes of seeing vou once more in order to hive an un derstanding with yon, but you have decreed otherwise, and I have nothing left to do.hut to qnlcily acquiesce, and I assure you it will be the most wretched night oh 1 have spent tor the last eighteen months. However, 1 am egotistical enough to atlnome It to a press ot business con nected whh the tair rather than au aversion on your part to see me. I know your sensitive na ture must have been wounded in the extreme when you perused those cards 1 left on the (able, but near, yon must consider the state of my feel ings on that occasion. It was very Imprudent ot me to leave them there after having seen you, hut 1 hope and trust you will tmd it tu vour breast to lorgive me, and 1 would nut bUme - ion If you never spoke to me again. •'Oh. Fannie, 1 earnestly hope U will never be your lot to suffer what I suffered on that evening. You, who 1 would hare gone through flie and water to serve, to leave me four long tours; every minute an ago; my brain racked with a thousand conflicting emotions, a prey to that most agonizing oi tortures, suspense, II it Is jour determination. Fannie, never to eeema 1 suppose it would be useless for me to eudeavorto uissnadeyott orrevoracyoor decision, bat earnestly pray that there still exists a XlUte latent aliecuon for me soffletent to grant me oca I more interview. That is just, Fannie, as yon promised to let me come to-ntoht; butasitianot 1 convenient foryoa.wonld you be pleased lo write I and state when vou will be disengaged? Trust- | la.* this may meet a favorable response, anti wish- , ing yon a happy new year, 1 remain, youra ever. : (.Signed) T. B. Frances Gray Willard was bom to the town of Middletown, Conn., and at the time of her death had reached the age of thirty two rears, although to appearance she look ed seven or eight years younger. Mrs. Willard had been married and bore a verv good character among those best ac otialntcd with her. For the last two years she bad occopied the position of forewoman of the female composition room attached to the TTorW office, and bad employed under her ten ladies as compositors. Mrs. Willard was a lady ot fine personal appearance, haying regular features, dark eyes and Jet black hair. Taken altogether she was a refined and cultivated lady, and by her courteous manners and singular intellectual abilities gained a great many warm personal friends. Mrs. Willard had been fashion editress on the Sunday Tima, for a long time, and also was a constant contributor to that and other journals of poems and sketches, marked with a high order of ability. Her poems were, however, evidently the emanations of a de- Erossed and overburdened mind. - In er manners Mrs. Willard was cool, self-pos ecseed, without any precise formality or regularity of manner. The deceased had the supervision oi the table of Ocean Lodge at the Mason’s Fair, and no later than Fri day ni"ht was the recipient of a splendid testimonial in the shape of a diamond ring, from her friends, as a token of their esteem for her srdnous services in the chose of cbailty and benevolence- This k ring Mrs. Willard wore at the time of her death. Little is known about the author of the tragedy Bnrke. lie was formerly a patrol man In the Second Precinct, aTerward in the Seventh, and at the time of the tragedy was a roundsman under Captain Williamson in the Tenth Precinct. He vu a man of good personal appearance, known to be of a determined character,, and aged about thlrty-uTe years. TKiIAHISH. Retirement Stephen* from Uto Fentaa BroJU. r nood—The tmissle for Independent Not to Be Aban doned. [From the New York '5 f ft ltnei Jaauarj 7.1 A few days since we £ D £uocedlbat James Stephens, the C. C- I» R*»-had not left for lieland, hut was still In tbU %\iy ; OU d n ow we hare to chronicle the still m% re astound log fact that he has retired altogM&er from the ranks o’l the Brotherhood, anting, in Tnsllflcation of his action, that the orcanlzation was not sufficiently powers to ■attempt a conflict with the night of Ep&. I land. A rnmor to this effect bad, ior the • past few .days, been circulating through the ranks of the Brotherhood, and "naturally was first received with the utmost Incredulity. Last evening a meeting composed of Centres and delegates from the various Fenian Cir cles In the District of Manhattan, took place at the Appollo rooms, No. 76 Prince street, for the purpose of considering what action it behooved the organization to take on the circumstances in which they found themselves placed by the defection of their trusted leader. On mo tion, 3lr. Anthony Griffin took the Chair. The Secretary then read a communication from Colonel Kelly In relation to the mili tary and financial affairs of the Brotherhood, from which it would appear that the total ayVcunt received by Stephens since his arri val in this conntry'does not exceed tbe sum 0f582,000. Of tbU,according to Colonel Kelly, but 4 very small portion remains In the ex chequer. The report also atates that none of the arms presented to the organization were sent to Ireland, a statement which it I would surprise no one but a Fenian to hear. I Colonel Kelly subsequently appeared in per son and addressed the meeting at length on the matters treated of In his letter. Stephens’ conduct, he said, ta9 attributed to cowardice. IJe did not believe him a traitor, but was ol opinion that bis heart had failed him when the - time came for him to fulfil his ofl-reitcrated pledge of in augurating a revolution on Irish soil in the year ’ofi. He recommends te the IBrothcrbood to appoint a Director? to con sist of five members and » Central Executive to lake charge of their affairs. He was asked was Stephens still in New York, but his an swer was drowned in the clamortbcqnestlon caused. A desultory discussion followed, in which some members of the meeting hinted at a desire to treat Stephens as, doubtless, the British Government would have treated him had he made his appearance in Ireland. Such manifestations of feeling were, how ever, received with great disfavor by the meeting,, in which a sentiment of regret, not umnirgled. however, with just indig nation, seemed to be the predominant lecllng. It was evident that Ireland had mote of tin Ir thoughts thaw the man who is charged with so shamefully be i traying Uie trnit reposed In him by Ids cron trymeu. That the prospects of a success till i revolution in Ireland were now gloomy a t the cxircm*. every man of them admitted, i hut their determination was none the W* : strong not to flinch in the work, but to de vote their lasVdollar to the sustainment of the “ men In t-ie gap.” Resolutions to ’ this effect were adopted without a dissentant j voice, and the meeting proceeded to the ap pointment of an executive officer to fill the vacancy created by tha retirement of James • Stephens. The choice* fell upon Brigadier iGeutral Glccaon- Tbc appointment of a di rectory was postponed until Tuesday next. xOn Tuesday a committee will also be ap pointed to draw up an address to the Irish j cople. calling upon them to be true to Ire land in this her darkesfhour. General Glecson. tbencwiy-appolctedCen tral Executive, helo'a command in the Irish brigade In our late war, and has a highly honorable record as a softer. In personal appearance he present* a great contrast to his predecessor, Iwing h- maa of large and. powerihl build, and nearly seven feet in bight. He is a native of Neiiagh lulhcCouu ty of Tipperary. It may bcreiucmbered Hint he was among the Irlsh-Americana arrested on the suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act by the British Government, and subsequent ly liberated at the instance of onr Consul at Dublin. It will be his duly to direct the &f --lairs oj tiic Brotherhood in America, wbu e Colonr‘Kelly’s sphere of action will be Lu Ireland. There :a no longer any doubt that Stephens conliuuss to reside in New York. BURSTING OF THE OIT;CUBBLE. SbciKPs Sales ut Oil K*an£*-«m<i EflVets —Forlnocß Knocked Down wltb tlic Hammer* [From the Cleveland (Ohio) Herrld. .January? 7. On Saturday last the Sheriff of Vcrango County, Pennsylvania, wound up iho exist ence of several oil companies. • by selling their effects at auction to satisfy judgments against thenr. Among these unfortunates were representatives from all the leading cities where the Petroleum fever raged, for a time, and some-or the companies knocked on the bead by the Sheriff’s hammer at one time .figured largely in prospectuses and on the stock board. One of the mere notice able names is that ol tbe President Petroleum Company, which “went It” chiefly on the strength of its vast territory, embracing hun dreds of acres, shaded on the map aa l * good borablc territory,” and dotted with “wells” In a line with “ flowing wells ” on somebody else’s land. Wo believe that on the many hundred acres of tbe President Company’s land not a single paying well was bored. We recognize among the other- names those of companies whose chief advantage Uj to httflOf: b«l a tin.itxl «RMnint of land, but that lying In an “oil basin.” though subsequent explorations proved that the basin, if it existed at all, was empty. Others claimed to be in a district where the oil was light in quality but large lu» yield, whilst others Insisted ou the opposite aa- vanlage of smaller yield hnt greater density, and therefore greater value. One Cleveland organization figured In the list, the Cleveland.dc Buffalo Petroleum Com pany. Tlds was at one time a promising af fair, and actually paid a dividend, but ills cow “down among the dead men.” along with its Cleveland confreres. Cleve land' oil companies were born lake and died early. The oil fever was a long time reaching tins place, raged furiously for a period, ana w&s soon over. Of the many cintpamcs organized here but few pul down more than otic hole, somß did not reach that stage, and none “struck He” to the extent anticipated. A recent suleof oil slocks In Pittsburgh told the story of depreciated value In few but pertinent figures. Stocks that had been fought lor at eight to twenty dollars per share, were sold at one to five cents, and were probably a bad investment at those rate?, as the tiunre of the Inexorable Sheriff looms up behind nineteen out of twenty of the derricks m the oil regions. Out of more than one thousand recorded oil companies that existed in the openlngof lSb5. thenum her of companies In active existence now is few. The storv of disappointed hopes connected with the history of the petroleum mania Is not a new one. The experience of those who sunk their fortunes In the ,k dry holes” ofPennsvlvania and Virginia Is but a repeti* tlon of tie unfortunate speculators in ** cop pers” and the purchasers of shares In gold and silver “leads.” Mining of all kinds is a lottery in which the prizeshear.a ridiculously small proportion to the blanks. A few get rich bv a lucky dive Into the earth, more amass*a fortune by a skilful-dive into the xjekets of the gullible public, whilst nine tundred and nine-nine ont cfa thousand who expect to get suddenly rich .by investments in mining or oil boring, learn by costly ex perience that “hope told a,flattering tale,” which events failed to realize. A SESSATIDJiAL SSOW-STOBX* The Front Kins on a.Son»liom Tour- Snow and Ice In New Orleans and Mo*, bile, (From lie New Orlsans Ficaynoe, J.innary 4.] “ TUB SNOW-STORM IN NEW ORLEANS. New Orleans wore unite a novel appear ance yesterday, draped In Its snowy garb. Fifteen years bas passed since snow was seen in our city. At an ea*ly hour In the morn ing wc ascended to the top of the City Hall. On the roof of this, building the slow was from two to three inches in depth. Beach ing the highest pinnacle, we strained oor eyes in every direction. A heavy Hue vapor bung over the citv, and fcathcry.flak.es of snow fell thick and fast around, ns. This greatly circumscribed our vision. Such por tions of the city.as we could sec presented at: odd appearance. A white pall, seemed to mantle everything. The clerk, of the weather during, our slumbers had dropped a sheet over us and neelcctcd. furnishing a blanket. This was certainly cold comtorU. such a night., Lafayette square presented,quite a pictu resque appearance—a wide sheet of snow; not a spot uncovered. The old staunch syca mores, which have for so many years graced this square, lor once were, a garb becom ing their age, and each Tree- Looked boary htaded. , , During the morning the newsboys had a happy urne in the square. A large number could be seen with bare feet rolling largo : balls of snow with as much Indifference to the weather as U they had been reared amidst icebergs. These balls-they packed together, and a “snow man” graced the central wejk about 9 o’clock. A huge snowflgure graced the balcony of a building comer of Barcnoe and Poydras streets as late os 5 o’clock in the evening. The feminine portion of the community, especially thosobom and reared m our midst, unaccustomed to “snow frolics,’’ enjoyed the occasion amazingly.’ "We noticed many of them baWlnswitU mow- balls, ing each other with a hearty goodwill. They frisked and romped like antelopes skip plng atoot K and their me f r y* K^ ao^n e s and bright laces told of the time they were having. Tho sharp air made their pretty little noscaw redM rad i«hes. There was one we saw with her long bait flowing about her neck, and shoulders, the enow clinging to it, and. in its spotless white, not whiter nor purer than the bosom which heaved beneath. The sunshine, soft and unclouded, of about sixteen summers, shone in her face, and she was as joyous as a bird; and she had that In her eye which always shoots a fellow right in the heart We wouldn’t care how often it snowed. If we could only see such a creature romping in it. We even wished we had been one of those snow flakes clinging in her hair. May she live to enjoy a snow frolic. (From the New Orleans Times.] Occasionally wc have had a spitting of snow for a few minutes during years not Cir back, but no such hyperborean visits as this since the winter of 1851-2. The weather then, however, was incomparably more se vere that it is now. The snow then descend ed as heavily as It did last night, but. the storm ■« as immediately followed by a frost unexampled *r. severity and duration in the recollection *•*. the oldest citizens, with a solitary otlon which occurred something like half a century before- In 1 Sol-2, forthrec days there was no thaw, and the snow not only remained on the streets, but also on the house tops daring that time. Even sleighs, improvised for the occasion, were seen running through the city, and all who enjoyed snow-balling os a sport bad a memorable feast. The writer of thla bas a vivid recollection of the lowness of the temperature, for rising one mornrng out of his accustomed bath, his hair was frozen be fore he could dry himself. a sea OP JOB. iFromtbe Montgomery (Alabama) Mall, Jan. L] Onr city presented a real ley sppeataaee yesterday, all thing* out of doors reminding one forcibly of the “Sea of Ice.” The sight ■vres s rare one la this locality, and one that trill cot he seen again in a life time. 'Every thing was frozen op. sad so loaded were the trees with the Ice'that many of them were lowered to the gronnd, and many branches broken off. The thawing commenced yea terday and the streets were so slushy as to render them almost impassable. JACK PBOSt Sn.VKRPI.ATBS ACApAMA—A 008- GEOUS SPECTACLE. [Frcm the Mobile Begister, Jaa. 1.1 On fcoturday morning last, a good deal of sleet was to be seen in this section. Itiwas to be found on Iron railing and on the iimoa of the trees. In the Evening Acw* of yester day, it was mentioned that this sleet was so heavy in the neighborhood of Gainesville Junction, on the mobile & Ohio Railroad* that the trees were broken down by It. «s have since learned that it extended ranch far ther south than that point, and that aronnd ''itronelle and Beaver Meadow, within l' t, *nty or thirty miles of tho city, the trees, fcm.“*o telegraph wire?, &c., weie thickly coated with ice. A gentleman who passed through *iic woods in that section represents the scene t« having been beautiful in the ex treme. Icicb* hong from the long-1 eaf pines end from the telegraph wires, causing the latter to look like interminable strips of sil ver fringe. The rose* and paths through the forest were Mocked npwith branches of the trees which bad been broken down by the weight of the ice. The leaves of the magno ia, holly and other evergreens were com pletely coated, and when taken from their silvery covering the ice exhibited specimens of nature’s stereotyping which could not be excelled bv the most skilful band of art, every libre”and vein and imperfection of the eaf being clearly impressed upon it. Unfor tunately I the day was cloudy. A few dashes of sunshine woold hare lent a gorgeonsness and a splendor to the scene far beyond the •jiocy cf the poet or thegeuiusof the painter. Such scenes as that presented last Sunday are not nrcommon in the Slates further nerth, but they are very mi in South Ala bama. THE FASHIOSS. lulcrosting Gossip from Paris. Compleguc Deserted and Paris Astir for the Jiew Year’s Festival—The Display in Shore Wlodotn—The Paletot Breton '•(fair Nets and the Hair Under Then! —Data and WaTtettsintMW. [Paris (Dec. 21) of t»e New York Rerala.'i Comptegne is deserted. Th* few hires that Imre escaped the Emperor's muzzle loader (Jfo. 14 bore), are enjoying the brush wood all to themselves. The loaders* by the way, would not interest me at all If'they were not used .with Enalish caps. There is peaeeameng the surviving pheasants, roes and rabbits. Even the keepers have made up their minds to lay aMde their fall dress shooting scar —green, with d-;ep yellow lacings. The gentleman who was so con spicuous on ah the shooting excursions, in a coeke i hat and green embroidered coat, has returned to the calm dignity of private life. His business it was to stick op bills in the forest on which were written the names of the gnerfs admitted to shoot in side paths with thcKmperor. ( The prettiest and newest inexpensive arti * clesiof dress arc ail laid out in shop windows 1 for New Year’s gif:* or (trenne*. Amoua the number there arc black velvet hoods trimmed round with sable for the hall nsd lobby. Combs with long velvet cuds : hanging irotn a wide hinged rim over the I chignon. These velvets are blue,'crimson or I bljstk, and end Vo drops or gold friv-ge. There are-pretty head dresses composed of one large vine leat closely covered with pearls or bea-ts, and havirg festoons of larger pearls at all points, which arc looped on and oat of the hair, and full gracefully In-hind. Thepo’ttot Urrim is this season’s mania. It is ailed “Ploncs-cat,” a very barbarous Armorican denomination lor a white, rod or gray jacket, ulaborately sflched over with colored bilks in divers patterns. There Is a row of very close flat silver buttons down .Ibe front>,'and on the left side a qu-.cr little patch on which is figured cither an old .woman spinning thread, ora countryman knitting -dockings on a pair of stilts. The newt si hairnets are very invisible, mere cobwebs, but what is under them Is not only tangible but heavy. I was lately in quiring about tbe reasonable prices for chignons. and was told that a first rate pounder could be made for a brvne at tbe* rale of fifty francs, but that a blonde could'not be accommodated under sixty francs, unless. Indeed, her chignon was made ofcArma-rfrcAf/rtfwnfcr (street picker). I was not ton horror struck to further in quire what kind of hair that implied, but 1 was Inwardly nlraid of hearing some dlselos .nrc connected With grizzly beards. 1 was rewarded for my self-command by a good d eal of technical information. By a street pi cker*s hair is meant hair picked op by men wViogo about with a lantern and a little iron hook at the- end of a long stick, with which they rake the loose bits of hair out of tbe heaps of reftise cast every night after dart: in the street* of if. Haussennin’s. Paris. This hair, either twisted in knots or paper, or promiscuously, hanging about, is carried to somt- big.saucepan In 'a suburban locality, where ii is boiled, strained, and bung up to dry I Jr. this state future rh>an*ns are sold to wig makers. “And thus it is, Madame,” said my Informant, “that the. rJurntr Je cuif fonr.icr, being of plcbian origin, never letch a high ptice, whereas haircut from authen tic dean bodies is quite a different article.” I can only »ay. 1 shuddered. Bonnets- stDl have flat crowns., the gold pheasant plumage C»B***»«f»-c<igcd. with ain- is ft great tivorltc. Dagmars, or velvet bonnets, with swans’’ down or fur round them, arc getting seasonable. Two pretty walking costumes the fit. lowit-g; A blue- plisee silk pet ticoat under a short - black velvet cos tume, trimmed round- with chinchilla or marten, a tight titling cosaque trimmed with the same, and a blue velvet bonnet edged with Hat pearls beau hung on pearl fringe ; blonde strings over blue plain taffeta. A second is composed o? gray cashmere petti coat trimmed with perpendicular bands of brown velvet. | Thu overskirt a focmeau Is gored and cut I in battlements, bordered with brown velvet'; the sleeves are tightand fastened up to the elbow by means of a.velvet button in tbe centre of.smull equates. The txmnat, a brown Lamballo. having cu one side a spray of bright red holly in prickly green leaves. The paletot to mutch is lined with red. The newts! dinner, toilet, is the* following: A rose-colored underskirt,hav ing a t ram ending with a wide plaited flounce; the overskirt is inade’of Pompadour foulard; bouquets op white ground. It is cut in o|)c with a loV square body, and scolloped around the bottom ; but the festoons in front ure not so deep as th-iso behind on the train. 'I bey arc all edged with white lace. The sleeves are entirely open from the shoulders. Thcv are long, wide and . dented round, to correspond with the skirt. They are lined w ith bine. The naderslccves are puffs of tulle from the arm-hnlu to the wrist; between each-puffa cirnij -Insertion : the chemisette is -made in the same way. This is the repro duction of the styles of the sLxtceulh cen tury. somc very pretty and cot too elaborate ball dressr sore madaof organdie,worked with col ored chenille, flqss,eUk or tinsel thread; others are stamped with velvet. Long sashes of lh« same material, as long, as tee trains, are trimmed around with cither gold and sliver blonde or silk fringe. This Is the only trim ming they reqaire beyomLcpaulettes of the same trimming adapted for tbe sashes. The advantage of .these is that they are fresh, youthful, complete without expense, anti can be made at home, which opinion, lam aware, will draw down on me the anathema, of young ladles. . BAILROAD DISASTER. A Train Thrown from the Track-Two Pcnons Killed ana bcrcral Injured* I From me t» tndasky (Ohio) Beglsier, January 7.J On Saturday last, the mail train on the Cincinnati* Dayton «t Eastern EaUrood, (lute Sandusky <& Cincinnati; which left this city at 10:05 in the morning* met with a serious accident ahont two 'miles south of Green Springs, twenty.three from Sandusky- The train was running at the rate of about eigh teen miles an hour, when the rear coach was thrown.from the track by a broken rail, the engine and three forward cars baring passed safely aver the break- For about fllty yards the coach ran along ou the ties and then fell . over on its side, and in that position was carried some fitly fret before the train could be stopped. The coupling of the coaches I did rot break. The engineer, on feeling the violent tugging of the cars, whistled.down . breaks and reversed his engine, but the mo mentum of the train carried It Some distance on the icy roil. The car, at the time It overturned, con tacted about thirty passengers, all of whom ware thrown from their seats, and nearly all of whom were more or less bruised. Mrs. Demlss, daughter of itr. Wilcox, of York Station. Erie County, a youcg woman :who was married about two weeks since, ! ivas sitting la the seat with her husband, and )U is supposed that when the car went over the sprang to her faet,' thrusting one of them through "the window, while tlm car was eliding omits side. Tlie toot coming In con I tact with the bridge mentioned above, be came enlinffied between It and the wreck o the car. tearing the limb fiom its socket a tbc Up. and horribly mutilating the body. It required nearly half ait hour of earnest work to free the body of Airs. Demiss from the wreck, which was only done by chopping out the side of the car between the two win dows- The sufferer was probably uncon scious during tht.se terrible moments, and only lived half an houraftcr being extricated. The severed limb was found on the track sev eral yards from the body. As stated above, the lady had recently be come a bride, having been married to Mr. Demiss, at Plvmomb, Indiana, some two weeks ago. With, her husband, she had been visiting her parents at York Station, and was now returning to their home in Indiana—* home now lonely indeed. • , Harry Starr, son of Mrs- Fuller, of Dayton* Ohio, was on his knees playing in the sal, and when the car ran from the track he fell with his head through the window into the ditch. His bead came in contact with the bridge already mentioned, and was severed from the body. His mother, who was m the coach at the time of the accident, was some, what bruised. They bad been visitmg at Mr. Clark. Center’s, in this city, and were then on • their way to their home in Dayton. Harry Starr was a bright little fellow, aged about seven years, and his loss will prove a severe trial to his bereaved mother. . _ „ A young glri. probably.ten VMLrsof a daughter ol Mrs. Hughes, of Tiuui, Utao, hadiier collar bone broken and ireceived sev eral severe bruises about the head. At time we visited the scene of the accident she was sleeping. She was not considered ‘STSSPSU ~ad master, ™a ridtog In me car near the boy Starr, and aa flip car was 'toppling over he let go Ins hold on thereat to secure the boj « ho -JJ pitching through the window, but failed to reach h?m and was himself lo lured by being thrown over the seat, and tailing upon the side of the coach. It Is a singular colnadcnco. Uu» Major General Grant, a Send* officer in the British army. In ITS, defeated General Lee, tn command ot tba American torces in New Jersey, and was alter wards promoted to the rani of Liantcnant Gene- Smid snheeanenUy died “eery old," at hla B „t in Jallendrtluse, Bear Elgin. gwtlwd, In MM.