Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 11, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 11, 1867 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

GTljicacja tribune. DAILT, TEI-WEEKLY JUSD WEEKLY. OFFICE, Ko.ai CLASK.ST. There arc three edition* or the T*num« tuned, lit. -every morning. Dr circulation tv comers, newsmen and the mills. The Txi-WxrtLT, Wondava. WVrf m*u r , md Fridays, or thi malii oal“Md me WnnLT.cnThursday*.forth; malia and ssieitoor courier and hr newsmen. oar Terms of the Chlcmvo Tribane • Pslly OtUvcrod In the nty (dcx wceal g 21 GT Fractional parts of tbs year at ths eame rates. *7 * fr»OM remitting end ordering ate or more copie. of cither the Tri-WccHr or WeeU- cLZJ tray retain ten per cent of tho subscription price u a commission. bones TO sciwcmntw.-ia ordering the address ol pppers rhancrd.to prevent delay, tn cure and spe dr)- what (xllilon yon Uke-Weckly. Trl-Wo«*Wy, oi Dally, Also. wlvevonrpßMirranJrmure adilrees. IV" Mn»ip)-. hr m«t, Bsptwm. woncr orders or in U-d-’rrM mnvtK'Mftil at oar link. Addrtvn, TKIIIHNR (tll„ Cliinißit, 111. FRIDAY. JANUARY 11, I>o7. Tllli Sp.SATOIIIAIi QirivSllO>, We have not doubted, at any time. tba‘ tlie LrgMatnre would carry out (be undo l ialde wi-hes of the people, by re-eleeilng 1“ tlie I nilfd States Senate a slaleMiun who It.« refit cled more lionor uptin Illinois than urn MliiM limn Who lias sat [n thit! body Mto <’ tllinoU breame it Hfnlo. Wo do mil I dntibt (b.i ( Senator TrumluPl will bore ib 'dt d. If |bo tdeollon bnd boon held at 1 1 m■ i iinl I lino, when tho ropro«uu(ntlvo< ««ro if.-li from tho pooplo, tho tmtjorllv for Judge’lnnnlmli would have boon so laigo Dial niooppm-hlon In him would hat« boon *VoatloilMg,** Hut tho eloo- H"ii Inning lioon poslpom-d by an not of <'•mji'-sonowook lioymul Urn usual thuo, 'i.'Hot I Im* bcou mode to lulliionoo somu of Ibo m u and liioxporleuood members to go < "imt« i !<• Ibo oxprossod or liimltod wishes i i tin- pciqdo, by voting for (ioiioi'ul John M. 1 ‘itl ll u r. Tbo only objection to llotior.il iVlmi'i U Mint the people desire the reflect t n'ii '•( udgo I rtinibiill. Ills imdlsparage im nt i t (ii iii ml Palmer to say (lint be Is not t'.' i qunl of Sonalor ’lrnmbiill In logislullvo '\ j ■ ri. nro or liilotlcohml power. Very few i"'ii Hie. Sonalor Trumbull, for twelve nr®, bn* slood In (ho front ranks of Ilia „r |bo oountry. Ills superior • -".it..| b- bmml tn tin* nation to day. In all lli .t • nn«ntiitrs a statosnmn. Ills lldollly lo riinlpic Ini' never boon called In quesUon. li'« j iiinlo llio l« wtibout a IdomUti, and bu (".Mi. iM .'i.l )■ siioli ns Ills Ifiirnt« are I "oi.l id. Tin* poopto desire that snob a man !ud! i. main In Ibr H> ianti>, more than Imm'-.u d- mm- ii htmsrli. fuV.-hM«»r ItUlniUM’ there I'll* HeVef hlVI) " lihl.l.ltt.h- MM i*V|H'e«»|iO| of |.|||.||,. • j-inJi-u oii <i Sriiiiim lit I i-l.viliin in Jlllii'ih ii» 11. 11m l-l. r-hl earn’, WIIIMI Mr. M’U’i.lll WIH 0 . •'li.li'l.tir ii"«ln»l Mr. Dougins ill K r ,s, (he !:■ i nl '.’roil Mat.- Convention expressly cje,. i:it« .i Jilin in* I Uo choice of tin* pnrty f**r tl .1 cnii.v. JMuliijr the recent campaign a w \ ’lumber nl counties, Including * • i K i • uutv, iustrnrtcil theJr representa iiv i n i<i MO.-Jbi-Senator Trumbull's re-elee li-u—.M. large a number, indeed, as to war i;:nl l! e belief that a great majority of the 1 t void! last tall with Urn full under •-tumling that Senator Trumbull was !>■ be re-elected. (icneral Palmer was i ot In aul of in the canvass, and the attempt Ji> -üb>t;tnfe him for Judge Trumbull artbu l.int moment Is essentially demoralizing, for it weakens the confidence of the people in C'l-ir rej-rc.-'-nlativcs. It lias the appearance «•: a dark-luntcrn arrangement. That such a rame should be bolstered up with slanders and falsehoods is to be expected. That John Wentworth, who has becu repudiated by his fons-titnents lor buffoonery and drunkenness, .-hould be the leading spirit in such an en terprise. is natural enough. We acquit (Jen eral Palmer of ally agency or connivance in Hie dii-rejmlaMe means which have been em ployed in his bebali; and we have no doub’ that he is heartily ashamed of his allies. Efforts have been made to swerve mom- I.ci from their duty, who arc under instruc tions to vote for Judge Trumbull. Auv member who goes counter to his iostruc tious, must, of course, be influenced by some ?tioneer consideration than the wishes of bb constituents. The statement that these instructions amount to nothin*:,” is a lie 1() ewe:- a fraud. Even if they d*d not “ amount to anything,” a violation of them by any nu mber would be a public advertise ment that lie is not to be trusted ; that no .‘uiib tan be kept with him; that he is capa ble of anytlilrur. If any member wishes to acquire this sort of reputation, the shortest nud surest way to pet it Is to violate his In stmetions. Senator Lane, of Kansas, thought it v mid be a pleasant thing to oppose the wL-hc.- of Ins constituents. Senator Doolit tle, of Wisconsin, though’ it would be a fine tliii pto violate bis lustruclious. Which of the two is the more to be envied at the present lime we will not undertake to say. Wc presume that no member oi the Illinois legislature wishes to step into the shoes of ■ itker of them. ’flu- members of the Legislature from Illinois arc certainly interested In iTerting a Senator from their own section of l!a- Slate, provided he presents the requisite qualifications. Since the oririnization ofthe Republican parly Mr. Trumbull. Mr. Brown itur and Mr. Vutes have occupied scats In the Senate—all from Central or Soutuern IlUnoU. The same remark applies to nearly all the Mate offices, which the Republicans of Northern Illinois have enabled their friends I:i the centre and south to till during the • *ost ten Mars. Since his election in 18*51, .iiulire Trumbull has become a resident, of Northern Illinois When we look at his noble public record, his spotless character, his distinguished services, his consistency to the cause of freedom, his unsurpassed ability a-a statesman and debater, and, above all. at the overwhelming public sentiment In his favor, it would seem that his only disqualifi cation for the Senatorship in the minds of a certain class of politicians, is that he rcridcs in that section of the State to which all oUkt sections owe their deliverance from <‘ot’J erhead rule. STKPIIKNSj U. O. K. U, The Ut cst, but not the most surprising, of the many incidents in tue history of the c :!ort f-T the emancipation of Ireland, is the f.ici tliat Stephens the “Head Centre.” and lbe “C. O. I. R.,” instead of being in Ire land, or on the continent preparing for the momen’ous struggle, has been, since the d.it*' of his supposed departure, hidden away in New York city, enjoying himself with ali the satisfaction that naturally belongs to a patriot and a philosopher. This disclosure n i in? to have bad two serious effects—one, the breaking of all hope ofany revolution in Ireland, and the other the destruction of all confidence between Irishmen. The Fenian movement is but another link in the long i liuiri with which dishonest Irishmen have U« n binding their country and their coun toymen for centuries. For two years Irish meithe world over, have been sending mon ( >• to Stephens, and It is safe to estimate that the great bulk of it Las been applied to the betrayal of the honest men ofthe Or di r. and to the defeat of any scheme of Irish nationality. The history of the O’Mahoicy administration is well known. Stephens wa? the organ in Europe of that administration, ;ii:d the universal erv from both sides of the Atlantic was “more money,’* “ give, give. l ’ The sudden collapse of the O'Maho ney rule, and the election of Roberts, who represented the party demanding ac tion, brought Stcpbctis, apparently with the consent of the British Government, to America. He immediately entered upon a campaign for the collection of money and for the disruption ofthe Roberts organiza turn, which alone had any real purpose of accomplishing anything for Ireland. For nearly a year Stephens traversed the country, denouncing onc-balf the Fenians and begging money on the pledge that before the expiration of 1806, he would boon Irish soil, fighting for Irish independence. Tbe circumstances scrrounding Stephens’s iul'-r ca reer'were such, that to any other pvoj-lethan the Irish Lis treachery would Law Ijccii transparent. He knew the nnfor lunate failing of Lis countrymen, and In- knew by getting up an in ternal fight iu the organization, that even if be stood coufess-d the devil, hoofs, hems and all, but proposing to lead ore faction ol IritUxnen in a war'uoon an other, be would never Ims without followers. Ills estimate uf the factious «lUp.-«iUou of his countrymen was vcrlllM to the letter He was able, by dividing the organization* to thwart and defeat all operations against, England by the other side, and to draw trorn those who Mindly followed him. revenue enough to pay the expenses of his mission. We do not suppose there has ever been an Irishman in America, who did not, to some extent, feel impressed with the opinion that Stephens was an agent of the British Government; we suppose that with the majority, this Impression amounted to a conviction; and ye\, the delight of having one faction of Irishmen berating end denouncing another was so irresistible that, forgetting the accumulated wrongs of Ihcir native land, and forgetting iLe hun dreds of examples of previous teaching, thev closed their eyes to all evidence of Lis real or possible guilt, and plunged recklessly into Lis fight with the Ruberts-Sweeney party. The result Is the same which has at tended every’ previous effort for Irish liberty. Uu the way to the battle-field, the Irish have always stopped to refresh themselves with a fight between factions of their own troops, and thus, by self-destruction, have accom plished what the enemy could not have done. W!u*ii Stephens In November last was sup posed to have sailed for Ireland to open the war ngalnst England, he left one Halplne bo hind him to pick up all the stray dollars that might be contributed; this Halpme made BCTcrnl pub’tcalions, myntcrio’un as to I tie movements of the leader.' but very direct ns to the necessity of contrlbulinj niwicy; and now it appears that the C. O. i. K. has been all the time in New York, a spy upon the action of those who were labor- Jog to secure his anticipated operations. Thus ends, for the present, the Irish rebel lion of 18C0. There are certain things which are ah-o. iutcly essential for the welfare, the prosper ity, the peace, eccuiity and the iiherlv ol nil people; and these nre unity and subordi nation. These two essentia' B arc unknown among irishmen and unknown in irishpoll tlcs. Of Ihe I«i rncmhc! sof the iiritlek Purlin ment elected in Irclnnd, n mnjorhy are Tories, who nre not only oppose 1 to nnd vole ligainst every measure of reform for Knglnnd and Scotland, hut are the hnliinch. log defenders of the ml>iulc of their own native land. If left to the rule of her own people, exclusively, II Is possible that her fate might he worse than It is; it certainly would be so, unless tiiere be an unity of pur pose, an unity of feeling, an unity of In lorest, ami above all, a spirit of subordlna tiou and submission to authority. The im pulse lo strike any bend that presents itself whether It be Hint of friend or foe. Is 100 strong In Irishmen to lie resisted. The ab sence of this unity nnd this spirit of sub ordination, nnd the llilcnslly of tael feelings have rendered nnd will nlwavs ren der nil attempts for liberty In Ireland almr live, and have always enabled Hie eorriiiit and treacherous of tier own sons to belrny tier successfully to Hie enemy. Till: IMiOPtntKiD HlvAliTII |,uv. Wo pntdlsliod yoslordny mmnliig tbo pro l*".od Health Bill whlol. Is ah ml to ho sub. milled to tho ComimmCnum'lt for |( h aollon. No imagine of greater impoilanoo to (bo oil v ol Cbloago oould demand llio atlontbm of our oil Irons 5 ami while there may bu and doubtless will he opposition in sonic of (ho details o| the bill, there cm bu noroasouabtu op|Hisl||on to Us main purpose—tho o«liib. Ilshmeiit of a eompotont Hoard of Iln.Ul, with amplo powers to enloreoHindi in- aoin" as llio sanlluiy lnlorosl« ol (he opy nmv voqnlro. It Is proposed to organise a “ Metropolitan Board oflloallliorChicago,” to oond-d of live r<>nimlse!<on rs. Ihroo of n lmiu stiall tie pbyslolnns, und all of whom •hull bo residents of Conk County, This llnanl ts to have power lo appoint a Hoerc ’■••y nod BaiiMurv Bnpoilnlomlotil, and as many Saiillm-y Inspoelurs as H shall ciocm maofsaiy* md oTot. dlng twenty in number, nid Is In aid in the enldm'inml of alt taws •d tbo Mlalu rcdalinu to the presorvnlbni of '•dimati llio, tn* to tlie care, pronmtlmi or pitdocllon of health, inoludlng all HWs ndntlve lo cl'-afdtm’ss, and lo *ho me m sate of pot»om»ns, miwlndosomo, dohdertons "nidnllfriiii-d drug", medlolm* or (•"ul. H may r»-i|nlni reports nnd InrormiD malbiM IVom i.tl pul.lie dlspem>iri«N, tins, idiau, asylums, liulrnnirl.'*, prisons and obi-ole, ami all oihorjmbllo InrttlluiJoim.und 'bo proprietors and managers of iboatrus o muttern within Ibn leglthnato reopo of le duties. It may deHart'whut l» » nuliam-o tnd caiiso unylhlng to ho edeumod, puilflod md dMi.ll'Olod, catubli*h «tuarantlno, and •nalnlaii. civil Milks Ibr violation of laws and ■.idlmmoo*. In ehort, H Is proposed to lolbolln; B .urd ofllcaKli with Urn most .impb- 'powers over the subjects ooiuid.d lo .m Jnil-'diothm, and (o place In Its hands lull authority to enforce such rnlcsand regu lallons as It- may deem advisable and neees- for the maintenance of tho public health. We do not suppose the bill as it stands is too perfect for improvement. We have ul read; exprored the opinion that the Com misMon should be appointed by the Mayor and Council of Chicago Instead of the Gov ernor and Senate. But whatever alterations in details are found to be desirable, no one .•amiliar with the subject can fail to reegnize tlie gicat necessity of radical and sweeping reform in our health laws. We have now .0 be sure, what is technically known as a Board of Health. We question neither the zeal nor the lidclity of the three gentlemen *vho compose dial body; but the law has imposed upon them a duty It is impossible for them to j*erform. In the first place they are the Police Board; and everybody knows that the thorough management of our Police Department would engross the whole lime and attention of three Com missioners. But in addition to this, the law places them in charge of the Fire Department; and after putting njion them these heavy responsibilities, it makes them a Board of Health. Each of these gentlemen has his private occupation or business, which necessarily absorbs most of his time and thought. Neither of them is .1 physician. And thus the law* leaves the great subject of the public health to such attention as three unprofessional men can spare from their daily pursuits, after attend mg to the more immediate and pressing re quirements of the Police and Fire Depart ments of a city containing over two hundred thousand inhabitants. A bare statement of the facts is sufficient to show that such a system, ifsystem It may be called, is and must remain, so long as it is tolerated, utterly und hopelessly inefficient, and that it is not a system tobc amended or reformed, but to be swept away altogether aud superb -t did by oue worthy of the great and grow ing city of Chicago. It might work well •nougli in a village of two thousand inhabi tants; it certainly b not adapted to a city iikeours. We require a Board of Health Commissioners whose members will not only devote their whole lime to tho duties as signed to them, especially during the un healthy season, hut who have a thorough knowledge of sanitary subjects. Necessarily such a Board must be clothed with much ar bitrary otherwise it will be constant :y thwarted, and the great purpose of its creation defeated, pet haps at the most criti cal moment. It must have ample power, being responsible to the city government for the manncrln whichsuch power is exorcised, ll is Ihe duty of the Common Council to present to the Legislature such a hill as, in its judgment, is best calculated lo secure ■ beends in view; and while the subject b too important to be acted upon hnstilv, it Is certainly most desirable that it should be laid before the Legislature as early as nrac ticablc. 1 THE RAILUOAUSANOXIIE STATE. There is a wise admonition against riding a free horse to death, and the corporations, particularly the lailway companies of thU Slate, have utterly disregarded it. The Legislature of Illinois has always acted with a liberal spirit towards these companies, and we do not remember that any favor or privilege they have asked, has ever been re fused them. They have not hesitated to »sk, and their petition has always been treated promptly and liberally by the State. This kindness has not been met in a like .-pint. Instead of being suppliants for public 'uvor, they have assumed the airs of dicta lors, and instead of employing the special priviltges so freely granted them, with grate ful consideration, they have used those privileges to the oppression of their benefac tors. The result Is that the people now find that In every charter they have given to a railway company, they have cre ated a new tax-gatherer, whose collections are not levied by any rule known to reason or justice, and are limited entirely by the means of-the v ctims to pay. In several Slates, from motives of caution, the people in thclr Constitutions have de clared that all charters granted by the Lcgis ’attire, shall be subject to amendment or re peal. Became there is no such clause In the Constitution of this Slate, the holders of ihoc special grants Insist that they are above and beyond the reach of the power that created them, and that the grants to them are irrevocable and not to be limited or • oulrolled by any authority, not even that ff the State. On the* other hand it is maintained, that the power to limit, to modify, to amend or repeal is a right pertaining to the Lcgis’atnre, ami exists as fully in that body In tbe absence of any express reservation of it in the Constitu tion, as if that power was directly conceded. The power of one Legislature to bind anoth er, or to bind the ffholc people forever by an incpealable law, is so inconsistent with the principle of popular government, that the claim for it, in the case of corporations en i°3 tug special privileges, and by law common carrier*, meets with little popular favor. In deed, from all parts of tbe State, from all classes of tbe people, there is an impera tive demand that uo uew corporations shall be created by law without a reservation of the power to amend and repeal that law. So emphatic and universal is this popular demand, that there are but few, it any, members of the Legislature who arc disposed to repudiate the wishes and interests of their contuiuchis by voting against such reserva tion. But there Is a difficulty, which Is supposed to be formidable, but which upon investigation we think will be found to be more Imaginary than real, afd that l s , that If the (-rants hitherto made shall he Judicially deter mined to be irrevocable, and beyond the “" d rt " ,ljlatlon of the LcKlslatnro it will he unjust to apply the new rule to the new corporations, while the others are subjected to no such responsibility. This ».lca of equality as an act of justice is not well founded. It is a specious plea, under the existing corporations seek to es cape the restraining power of a peo ple over whom they have exercised arbitrary and oppressive rule. There is no clearer proposition than that the whole people cannot make even a Constitution • which their successors may not amend and abolish. Can it be that a mere majority of the Legislature can cnacta law granting spe clal privileges to a few at tbe cost ofthe many, and there be n j power in future Legts laturcs or the people, by legislation or constitutional provision, to undo tbe act? Wc arc fully aware of all the sanctity that attaches to coutraels and that a contract is as Inviolable when made by a State, as when the parties are private persons. We know that the Legislature Is prohibited from any legisla tion impairing the obligations of contracts. But these questions do not arise in this mat ter. There is a primary question, and that Is, had the Legislature the power to grant these chatters and thereby deprive the State of any control over them or the right to amend or repeal them? Is not the right to revoke or amend a grant of special privileges, inherent in the Slate, and could the Legislature barter or alienate that power? This is a question of vast im portance to the people of this Slate, and also to the railroads, aud it is due to both patties tlml it be determined speedily. The duty •»i the Legislature is a clear one. They rep resent the people. There is no question any. where but that If the State possesses the power ‘to limit and control the charges for freight on railroads In this Stale, that it ought to be done. Let the Legislature, therefore, do what Justice and right demand. Let them pass the necessary acts to meet the case; and let the constitu tionality of the law bo tested by the courts. It is an open question, and upon such a question U is the right and duty of the Legis lature to assume its authority. The sup. poM*d Injustice Involved In making all new charters subject to the tes-rved power of amendment und repent, Is purely Imaginary. Because the people have twenty masters It is no Injustice to others if they decline to incmißu the number. We see (lint tho attention of (he Legisla ture has alioady boon railed lo this subjool by Genurais llnribut nnd Tnyiiu, whose reso lutions cover tho whole nuUur. Genoral iinrlbnt's rvsulnlton rends: /.Va.Jmf. Ti nt (In* (‘oitnniiujo on (billmmi* h. tl.Mniciml to Imjulir Inin pin imwnrol tlmtosU. Vl Cf V, l,ro ! t i ,M wj l "*'* "HimratlotH .iffljU hinia, by direct b'i;Matb*n, on (lie siib'cci of ebingi"* for mid ircl« l «t, to -.u-tir- it. . |.r vn *• Hi 'sens of (bn Hint" frem limrdbial.. ami cxiuitlmMu dninnad*, and lo naiul tba dm-. cr« IctMy of lb« people nt tbo Hutto ov«r all imr mm, miiiMiilMii mdib'lnl, »ltbln 1m lliimih. for the ecncrol Komi; aid tli.it bucli cominliien have j.oncr loa.nrt lor ih*moii« nmltmnui .and c imnct Icsilimmy imocf ontli; that said c iiumlih'.' b tar tb.'i (iiHiitciidfo I'Tiort to till" Il'iiipii nitlio narll of! i>.icMlib> period, li.v l»lll m oll.cnvl 'O. Gemini Payne nflered the following : /.Vfopy.f. Tlml(UcL , omrnllU;o on 11-Mio nbntiil (lie toimiilttiu un Banks and ('urpiiraMoiH hid hereby Instrncied to Incmpmatn ibn followlmr sc« linn In every bill u>|i<iricd liy lUem fo tlih House In ersnlliitf ebnrU'rs to raltiosil comonnlu . or rxhudiiik’* nit Tins or nmumilmf cliartiTA ntivmly ginntvd, to wilt “Sfji.Tbi* n -l |« erniiled snblect In ■uch regtilalbms nod rcsirlc* dons of tn ids on freljditnmt t»n?o'n--n-s a* may prein lin'd by l»*« iamislalnro of the dr ni'ooih. TMli <i,\H qiiKknoNi < ’H Tuesday n'ghl last the gas quo. Hon eati'c hHoro the Clly Council, In tbo sliapo "I n inotlon to incorporatu llm bill prepared nt tnecllMu-, to provide ibr tho hiMilsblng ol'uns by Hie dly, wlHt tluMiro ja'M'.l aniciiitmcbts to the clly Clmrlur. A iiinUon to n'lorllie trill lo Ihe Ju.llci.iry Com. n*lHn , «-n inolioM that looked very innelt like mi elfoit lo vlefwat ttm I'iopei Jy voted down, nml llm bill will, there loii', porhlbly eoitio Up to-night with the "Hicr nndiNpo)>ed ofamemlmunlfi.t Tim Common Connell shmibl lemembor Hint (Msis uotaiuero controversy hetwoen rive I tins companies. It b a question in wba b every consumer of gas in tho city la interested directly, and in which are also interested all those who have been compel led lo abandon Its n-e because of the extrav agant cost thereof. The hill b not an arbi trary measure. It provides that before any action under it, the question whether the city tliall supply the public with gas at cost or compel them to continue to purchase from a private company, is to be submitted to a vote at the next spring election. Thew can be no doubt as to the popular decision. Ibe desire to be rid of the monopoly is unl vueal. WIU tlie Common Council interpose an objection against permitting the people to say directly what they want in this busi ness? Will the Common Council interpose their negative to tlie people declaring at the polls that they do not wont to be any longer subject to the monopoly ? We hope the Council will unanimously in corporate this bill in the amendments to the Charter it purposes to ask of the Legbla tnre. We can then have a popular decision oftho matter, and by that decision the whole community, including the gas companies, will have to abide. *-?r*Thc lollowing protest, which explains itself, was drawn up yesterday aud will be left for signatures to-day at the Board of Trade, and the offices of the TnrnuxE, the Slant* Zeilunq, and the Evening Post: ‘•The underjisned, K*piibhcau electors of rook County, having been lofoimed that a pen non lias beer gent to Spnnefield urging ibe Sen-' aiorsacd Kejircsenlativcs from Cook Gonnly to violate the instructions of ib»* Convention which nominated them, and the implied Instruction* of the people who elected lh:m, by withdrawing l- Hii D .‘' p r 01t .^ r0^ 1 .F*? 11 h * man Tniraoull as 3 amdldatc for the Fni'etl States -.fnal», do solemn hjprptftt against the proposed act of bad filth implied In said petition, and earnestly rcnueit tliefr Senators and Representatives to elve their active and zealous support lo Senator Trumbull.” This document was circulated through Lake street at a late hour yesterday, and was signed by every Republican merchant to whom it was presented. It was also signed by a number of officers of the Fourteenth Army Corps, which was at one time com manded by General Palmer. The people of Chicago are simply amazed that it should be deemed necessary to send any documeut whatever to Springfield, to induce any of (heir Representatives to do ’be only specific tiling which they were pledged to do before they were elected. •ST disagreement heretofore existing between the Western Associated Press and the New York Associated Press has been amicably settled by the concession, on the part of the latter, of the demands made by the former at (lie Cincinnati meeting of No vember 10,18d(>, and presented to the New \ «>rk Association by Messrs. Halstead and White. As a part of this arrangement, the New York HorW has resumed Us former membcr.-hlp of the New York Associated Press, nnd Sir. Craig has assigned to the joint Association Ills contract with the Reuter News Company, of London, and bis lease of the New Orleans and Ballzc Tele graph Line. 15? Among the disgraceful proceedings of the opponents of Judge Trumbull, we learn Unit all the copies of the Chicago Tribune which went to Springfield yesterday were immediately bought up and suppressed, and that a package sent bv express to our own correspondent was spirited away in some mysterious manner. A cause which depends upon petty larceny must be a very bad cause. Boors.—The meeting said to have been hold in Bloomington to endorse tue claims of General Palmer for the United States Sen ate, in opposition to Judge Trumbull. No such meeting was held, and there are no Republicans in Bloomington of that wav of thinking. PENNSYLVANIA SENATORSHIP, Hon, Tliaddcnn Steven*’ Kcply to a in ember of tbe Peun*ylvanfu State Senate, In Delation to Bis Acceptance of tlic Office, The follow Inc is the letter of Hon. Thad dens Stevens, In reply to Senator White, of Pennsylvania. In relation to the comln- elec tion ot United States Senator : * „ Wabhijjotok, D. c., January 5. 1b67 lion. n. White, Pennsylvania Senate; l7 IK: .i bav ? «<^i v edyears of the Cd, suggesting to me the wish of several friends tnat l would \lslt Harrisburg Jn the beginning of next week. «?.k;\ ou do i , . ot V Bl . 1 ?* 0 i° counecilou wlih the pending clccilon of United States Senator. My tame has been mentioned among tbo candi dates, and my friends think that my picscncc may improve my chances by removing some lalse imprt'fiijons. When I allowed my name to be m ed it was with the express understanding that 1 shonld m no way canvass for places. I have an oat to solicit votes for the office of United Slates Senator Is repne- J, a ?lt to all my Ideas of propriety. It seems tome {h* 1 f° r Jhat bleb office the Legislature ought to he lelt who.iy uninfluenced by solicitation, or auy more substantial argument. to select whomsoever they might deem beat qualified for the office. I have thonpfat that they were corooetcotto survey the State and select the man who would do it most honor withont prompting; but their are ne culiar relations operating in Pennsylvania sull mow powerful. It cannot be denied, and therefore need not be concealed, that lor the last ten or fifteen years the lA-fns atnre of Pennsylvania has had a most nn leviable reputation; corruption and fraud hare been iriely charged, and I fear too o:ten proved, to have controlled their actions. No mailer how honest when chosen, the atmosphere of Harris burg seems to have plvrccd many of them with a uetnoiabring raint; a scat in the Legislature be comes an obj* cl of ambition, not for tbe per diem, bnt for the cnancfe* of levviog concilbnaon* from rich colourations and other large job'*. Corrup tion finally became so respectable as to seduce candidates for office boldly to bid for them, and to par the cost for the delivery of the bal lot. The very office of Senator to known to have, been once bought with told, and to have been trafficked for an Oder on several occasions In exchange lor the prcrlon -metals. Indeed, it has become proverb ial that the lorgcsl purse Is sure to win. So sure is this, that men once or more detected in such t-hamefal practices, do not hesitate to appear be fore the public and ask leave to practice the same game. How can nnv man. who baa aav charac ter to lose, consent to enter into snch competi tion? fortunately for tbe conntry.the present Legis lature Is above suspicion, rhoso who were in former l-eglalsturcs and were tainted, have been left at home, and pore men sent m laelr places So far as my knowledge of their reputation ex tends, no man can bo found around whom there hangs any mistrust. Then, why should 1 visit you as if to a’lempt to Influence snch independent and pare men? Besides, it might be injurious to members if any who have been known to h ivo cecn elected against me shonld change sides. The inbience would be inevitable that they had i i- Ided to illegitimate arguments. When the election was ovtr, if certain members who were supposed to be expected to vote for va : hub candidates were to Ic found going for one igiun t the declared aversion of their cocstllu- PA.-V 1 . 05 * 1 '‘ D S co ?ld tare them from tbo charge of pircbaseand sale bnt the known meagreness of 1 w oa, .v *>ot subject any friend to this ’ii.pntalton. For these, and other reasons, I have emne to ibo conc'Dbion Urnl 1 bad bStor not visit Uarrisbarg, as yon request. .... our*, respectfolly, (- 2 Re d) Tuaddecs Stivers. West Division Cnr Raiuwat.—^Tbe newly id poinud Bond ot Directors for toe West Division Tlailwny Company, held a meeting yesterday after noon, In ihc office of the company, on tbe comer and Sta«c stteo-e. Tbe Board eiect cd toe foliowing officers for the ensuing year. President—J. It. Jones. * \ ice President—Wiliiam R, Bradley. Secretary and Treasmer—Wm. 11. Oviirrion Superintendent—George I*. Webb. “ WISCONSIN. The Governor’s Mes sage. Condition of the State Finances and Public Institutions. Taxation and Internal Im- provements. Governor Fairchild, of Wisconsin, deliv ered hie message to the State Senate and As sembly yesterday. The following Is a copy; Executiv* Cuaxbui, » Madison, January 10, i«jr. j Gentlemen of (he Senate and Assembly: Let ur return (batiks to Almighty Hod for (ho peaceana prosperity He has vouchsafed loos as a people during the ycariuat closed, I congratulate you on being (bo flrst Icgls’ntlve body ever ronvcuei! In Ibis state as (he rcprcsV. n ndvrsof a people, all of whom, without regard lo color, stand absolutely equal In political nrlrl iepes; ami through you, 1 congratulate yo>ir con slilDculs that (be only tlalu which rested upon (heir suflragn taws has been forever erased. ‘ It Is youi'duty.antbo Immediate representatives of the people, to guard well their Joleicsls : to know in wliat niamicr ihnso who have tieurt choFeu to adiuh.Uti-r uieaJraDs of Hlnlo tinvefn" tilled (heir trusts; to know whether (he tmlillr win , ?. l ’ llVX|,oM * I‘‘*l 1 ‘‘* 1 ,M law, nnd wniuJtio economy, n ud to see (lint, no abuses creep Into (tiei iimniigimichl <if Hintondalrs. hmon tiljy or nlhuiulsii. I iher.,p» r ,M-,i-n,.si|y a": vbea iihlcal exaiuluallou by t-arii tiiomhwi t j our body ol alt I'tmrt* In-raw Mb siibmMt. d, which i.f blm!* i * 11 ! of the bu-hlcM nt the ntiuo in all Its departments. , riNAMITAL liio financial rnnorls ninny that tha ro rciitlH of tin' biato Treasury dtirlno M.c hint >car n. in >1 hvj ihta 07 lliilßiic- in I‘rv asnry Di Ui Huptembor, *‘ ' 7 Ibbo yni ilk. <ft I’uial dlsbursetm<nla durlmr flacal ' ‘ year... , |N7tniP97 llalanroon linml Heji(uinl)ci- rti* uori" fCl ' c,,llß ° r ,llD *-' Lnuft l fund durlug tu’uycar iSSk.-.v;:.- • ItiMirnneoromjinnlCß Jll’tTMfi hafirontls, license .. filt-Va'M'tn InMirnnciMin Heiorm bulldiug BVWii.iK) All Ollier BUUICCS .. ... .... n,531,KH bnlnrips him iicrmanent npiiroyrla* 1i0n5........ g a l )mini r*|Miises ol in«i Is'uUlniurc Sljjd'in Hub* jnlson amt eliailtnble Jiullin* a »si! Jnpllnl eAlenslob (suaih wing)....,. Vir.-ui lui < loiM lilrt*. ............ n 7in «„ I'liiUi li'dH.bwlncss until, tnV'iiii'nn Inieiesi on hta-p H'l,‘uii»i IJibor, Atlbiilliirnl Hm'lotlns, mir. * bilbin.tf, spoclal npi'MiprintiuMs jnillois. bimniy on molv«s,rnml* I ini', soblli'is* recrt'|lons,«V v'i, , liM.7tK.CJ lisllii?l' hV|* b'nlbpijiV iikW,"!!!I!!' * lplft/ilSu i:*|.enclcul from Oovernol’s’co'n’.ln. ,u5 ' 7,U,<l irMtifiii'il diiritiLMlioyoariMM.,,,., t o->o in P.iinneoni. lana.Tnmmry I, itii? l iuuhi tlw G °vemmem SjilaneH mid jiuimauent appropria- Jllscebuneonß appropriations iun|n33.na Total,. ...... t -> 55 'B7 17 ™?&sara&?? *** fur "■« ~ Lnlanco lu Treaauty, ccneral and war bunts aii-.Trw* kc Bank lux, estimated .'Lun'oii rrom insurance companies (e-tl- * Disli'd).... part no From luitroad rom|mnle» (cstlmn'lVii) -mVjo'oi) From tcleurapha, • plankroads aud peddlers 500 on Stale lax on snhsat law and insjall- 'figP. state lax for Ifeiorm School . *'* a'~ii'» Simc tax for balance due from conn- Um *7i,3CG.fiil Total revenue STJRtUi m It utthe opinion of (be Secieiary ol State that not more than SMJ.COO will be realized Irora the payments oi counties, on balances dne. II this is ,oy »l revenue will be reduced to I he estimated expenditure for this Areal year is ment ?o wlt° r CnrrCUt 01 State Govern. Salaries ana permanent appropria l-ceißlative expenses.*.....*.**."* '''* ® T.l'tiw'oj Miscellaneous expenses Slate prUon nnd charltnljlo Inatira- * 233 ’ 000 - 00 SlaufdiiiVdnc,' and VnlVrett on siiii 158 . 000 -0° dCM A--|d AM Are Aid to soldiers’ families ana exuL-naea * Adjutant General's oQlcc 13 uoo no Appiopriationg for ISGG andlSoT not ' uw -w P a, “ 153,970.00 It will bo observed that the tuie viccidg the estimated revenue 5374 So The mmoti care should be exercised. In making an propnations, to keep the defleit within ench bounds as wtll not cmWrass the finances o! ihe Ihe hicbePt aggregate of the Rtat" in dibtedntfeß doling the past year ThL haVbccn radacl'd: «LC9},4fi7.00 By bouds redeemed and can celled.. f 32,200 Receiptsforcuncncy,paid.. STS,UO ‘ Total reduction during the year 410,3i0.c0 lota] State debt at this da1e..... *2,232.15700 Classified as follows: *-,-34,101 uu Due toschoui Fund on certificates of indebtedness - ...... stiMi'mm DroUuncieityFurd on certificates of ’ 1 liiaei.tediicss ini 000 nn Due hiormal school fund on certifi- * cates of indebtedness SKLonn on Stale boeds ou«*-tandlue 44a 00 Oo Receipts lor currency oiitataudmg... ’157*00 w.jS') Ij7 00 All State bonds pmcha-cd with trust mud-* have been caiicelk'd and filed in the ofilcc of the Secre tary of Mate, and there have been issued in lieu Uicreot, not -mepimlile cc-tlncates of indebted ness to each fund tor the amount due to each. In compliance with the provisions of chapter 2, gen uallawsollSiai. * b , . TiirsTPcsns. .ii...« n ? porta H l >?. every citizen ofthe Stale I, ,a *f*£2 v - e,ou . sbow njad s‘ for the safe and uniform investment o: Uie several trnn funds. Ibt licccssiticsof ihe State earing thecontln uencc ofthe war compelled the adoption of the f ys . tem of»wvestiag Uicrn la ourown -.late a cniiiies. whic.*, so laras it goes, proves btuehcial to all ittcrosis. But the State bonds now In iho hands ot Individuals, amount la onlv and l l bL ‘ fC P»obaldy b?imr?ha, d bj Hie Commissloneic of School and University land- before me close of the year IS6S Pendent business forc.lcht r equine that yon ehould?dur u.r your evasion, decide upon »he of fo ™bS Imr * uc, j l D the ‘oture. so that there lands may be saved from the peril of re- Aril 1 ??* ? TC ." f? r ,i e ,hort lime, to the old svstem of loans to Individuals upon morreago sccnritv Expert-nee has shown that this plan, belts management evci so circfnl, is attended with con slaut losses tothe funds. My own views as to iho safest and best plan to be adopted were set forth In my last annual mes tape, and to that you are referred. “' , ® . TAXES. Under the provision* of chapter 127 General Jaws 18»6, 1 appointed Hon. Stoddard Jifdd! Hon. George Gary, aud D. K. Tenney, E q„ com missioners to revise tbe laws ot this state for th* assessment and collection of taxes. As these gcolleti cn wifi lay before youot an early day a mil report oflUir proceedings, 1 will make no sucgvsiioDß on the subject. 1 trust, however that when a reasonably perfect code has been da tcimincd urou, future l.egiPlarntcs will abstain from enacting uni ecessary amendments thereto Aggregate valuation of real estate In i«v* HBM | SI»,a«,SO. Valuation of all real and personal property, *102.30,153.41. Amount ol s«i” Si wajbibs- won EXPENSES. JThe fflCßMge report that over $ 1,000,000 have been cipc.ded from the state Treasury tor war pntpoj-e-. since Apiil, IsCl. At least *B,nuo.(W) ba\e been expended oy cities, counties andwvns ,lic lor the same purpose, m?k inp a to f nl ex* cr.dltiirc on account of the ur nr about »l-3,nro,yoy, which does not Include the mS linns contributed by citizen? lor chariiable nnr poses connected: tilth the war. The Governor ibinks that the fciale should be reimbursed for these expenditures by the General Government.] BAKES. UhcniMrage states that tbe whole number of uvAlP.v« nks d? I DC Lusillesß October 1. )',? n '- v ‘P9 e ” wab au aggregate capital of $501,000 ; V,^° lc t n ? mbcr business, October l! lnn ,^m Pl, 'I l h« !cCI,, w ,h . “ OffPregate cipitatof . il’* ; ,h 5 amount of sicoriilea V|«r astoci4tJo,ls j October 1, decrease of *141,103.04 in iwcKe months. The amonnt of circulation of tbe bta*c Banks October 1,18G6, was #144.557—a decrease oi f daring the fiscal yearT Thlr- S**?* bare been organized in this biaie under the laws of Congress, having an aggregate capital of #2,75U,U00. Of these banks rtxietu have paid the State tax for the year ISC'* Twenty banks declined to pay ibis lax, a&scrtio li at ft w#« in conflict with the laws of Con-res” and illegal. The amonnt of tax paid by the six' Ucubanks was ?ia,2M.G9.| xjrscitAxcK. IThcrewerc twenty foreign fire, life and acci dent tnsnrance companies doing business wiihm the btale dnrii.g the past year, with au aggteeate capital of The total amount received Ibi picminms In this Slate in 1565 was Si (U* 71* at S^iw-lr lo^ 8 J l4l . 0 J nUie S,ale I^6s"was #S3d,tt. • .to. The State tax tor ISC6 was SJ>.4O3 96 1 *•••• xxtctsai, nrpßovmccrrs. 9he energy displayed by the peole of the State during the past few years In projecting and car tying out successful enterprises of Imernal lm piuvement, notwithstanding the heavy burden* and distractions ot the war, is traly wonderioL olc \ull toon envelop the whole State In a netl work of irnch needed railways. Among the most important now projected and f«rly i!«r, 1 may mention the Tomab #r m. Croix; Pottage 4 SnoeHor tb; lUpen. Berlin, Sevens Pome and Bsyflcld; Milwaukee 4 Ford dn Lac, thence r> con rrcl wilh tbe Portage 4 Superior: the Manitowoc 4 Mltslscipni; the Oshkosh 4 Mississippi* the’ sugar Liver \ alley, fron the btato lice, na Madi son. to Pcriacc; mo st. Croix 4 Snperior. exten- Mi nof ihc line irom Sheboygan to Fond dn Lac • tie lh.es from Green Bay to Ihc Mississippi* Mineral 1 oint to Lnhnqne; Monroe, sonlhwwt jo Urn Vi*Mesippi; bet *ecn Omro and Oshko*h • ric Uln ‘ bco ' ”"' i sin- «.n?? rle } icn ., of * tb ? Pacific Rail* rrao will develop the neb country north an 3 west of lake fenperlor. and coi.sequsnlly is of great importat.ee, political and material, to the nation. Aside from the bemfit which wilt enure tothi* Matcffcm such general development, the east ern terminus of the road being wttbm onr bor ders, will offer to onr railroads peculiar advan ;age# tor connection with it, thus makln- tbo route of great local interest to ns. 1 recommend last you give Una undertaking your earne«t effi cunt support- ’ All of these lines will traverse rich portions of this Slate, throwing open its remotest pans, ami should receive snch encouragement as Is due to iln-ir great importance. The citizens alone the routes ofmai.yoi them, alive lotneirnUUty arc lively contributing large sums oi moiiev.and uiclnptLcm on by every possible means to a speedy completion, with a zeal that will surclv secure their success. 3 The nntnlMTof railroad companies making re ponotoihe state ts nine, having a total length of 1,.31 miles. Capital actually subscribed $11,093 400 oo Amount received Tor transportation, 1505.. .... 15,902,7U.52 Amount received (or passenger?, 1665.. .. 4,311,005.07 Amount o( State tax paid for 16C5... 20i,2:iG.i0 During tbe pa«t year officers detailed by the War Department bare made carvers of a portion oftbe MlssUsippl Hirer, with a view to tho re moral ol obstructions to its navigation. by tbe improvement of tbo Hock Island and Dca Moines Rapids. Tbe Illinois, Rock, Fez and Wisconsin rivers' have alto been surveyed with reference to a water communication between tbe Mississippi and the Great lakes. Both projects arc considered en tirely feasible. It Is reported practicable to construct a line of navljplion. Bock River to takes Horicon and \> Innebsco, w*lh r- least the capacity of the Eric <.snai, thereby farnblilrg to tbr people alous ita route, l&clliiics for ibo Iran'porLsHon of heavy freight, which ’’ oald bo of Incalculable advantage u i* 1 ® deemed by tba cnjflneers in charge, that the Wisconsin can bo rendered perfectly laneablc, by Bocb methods or engineering as bate been tried on similar streams clfewhcre and found rnicernfm, or. should this in iho end prove tnpracUcflhie, that a canal ot large capacity can I,e^, !«h 0n8 !i tl - , i I,ej at a Coßt «o small aa to warrant the nndertakn.s, 'lbe company having charge of Ihe Fox Im provement, proposes at an early day to render 1L .1L 8, / cam cavl > ablc larger boats than at present. 16c For and Wisconsin rente win nive water Irintpor ."on for a largo portion of thcSvJ freight ol onr own and the Stales west of m il 1« propel to mention In tills connection that the inis ccf of ibe Fox Hirer improvement bare dc posned with the Slate Treasurer, In secordanfe null the p-otlslons or cbsplcr Ml, IsmonJa the mm of »17,1N.6n for Iho payment of ?wh!S prorentim mod cerlihcaies, amounting to ? h iCs.'tt. the balance io be paid on tbe completion of the wort on llmt rlrei. as required bj law The sneoessfe] compleUon of ellbcr or all or these nrcol enterprises will niestlr add to lb. wraith of the entire North west, hr decnsaalnt rn» coal ol transportation on on“proa nc tol?&slsf and Southern markets, and on sneh tSweTShS maypurchasefrom them In relntn. Alrcsdrthe means of transportation ate scaicely adonnalo m the cheat. Iransfsr of the Immense imoimu or main and lumber which yearly para orer lh. r.™ of this state seeking Mrtita P ".nd Sis madS qnacy Is ronslanlly Increasing, ho olillu important as Ihese works are lo Ihe Rmksi di rect!. Inlciesled. they arc of pai»mimn»TS,or tsemo the nation al large. It Is ahsnlnifij esscnllat to Iho safely of l¥c coiinlry Ut.t fhmj should tie one or mote naral liluiiwars a.ti.st. navlgsllftn. hetw«i^' b 7K‘l}“? at d the lakes, aim their Impotlanoi shnnld n.t he tinilprrstltnalpd upon Iho ground that (hero Is no prospect of such defence being required ! tnsy yet ,e. and It I. Ihe pari of wltdomSonly in meet the exigencies of Ihe Present. bui°',° J ptovlde lilt he cmerg, ncl-a ol ||,e ft "ire, "W,! pnsl rhonld havetsnuhl ns lire form of lint mix. (ttt. 11 In pesee prepare foi-wer." mn * I trnitiimvlitj llpilyon, hy mi’inornl ..s it,, tt'ess lo nld 'here niitletinitipus, K “* Uim * I alroeeitllneil.l to your htroinho nolle. I'm Pti'liTl ol eonrlnicl "g n Ship t'aitil nr.mn.l li. "!i "t Any sehemn which win mala, nnlly nbl In Hi-curlitg rlimp tiait«;mrtiiilon to <i|i« prop « of tin* Nurtbaciij, ulnuibl urrntly tnli rw»t UMlilll l)i VUCOHfilgcd. HWimy nuiftlH Tliofhlft* which fur print hnn nxtmail Im. h I'orUnn tif onr jrpujib nm| viirluim li p m. ruiliuif of it..* Hlnlo h M \ 1 »V K r. i i'miT ' K « jtilHl. t’uim.lulni* or h.Jih|ie«ai ( ifoiV|> l !,N l ,| t ?s * M . , r r *H r <»nd cowpimli>» nnt nlni hoanl A iuHtloii of our |'t!ti|iti' bid itll] cmuitlalnlni/ that ocJiiM iliccrliiilnailtiiiß ate ma.lo b/tht'"o cmiiK milotiF. niitl rlt-mttniiinir tt>e al<| ol Wiaintlvn in ndiM 'it lu mlueo Ilu* taml'4 of lrol K h| |S « Jioro ccjuUnblc Btmiilmil, Ibecumimnlutf, on ihu o{hor ,iy lo atrlvp nt llwV-xtct tnnUa »*f t c conlrmcray, on uxlcoiled nml crltl io! csniiuiiailoii of | fIC U nad nuuira la ro.ium* . «litcli iiolreialalnreinilila Stale hna mum!*. «Ico It* l -, lltle- Hille la lo every way bo«llli* lo Ihu h" «o. " { , fV .S ouc< ' r ' ,f ; d ‘ lnciea*ea the Ula lMi»l \\ll*i alilcjii Ihe t"‘o|ilealways lotih hood cor* ttoioHuna, ami iherelir ilhnnlafaw ihclr'pucceM VH. . sit n . c^ l» liejrialaiui-e luuauloaa nml never u oliiß iUaji Hja. It ic|iela the lnve>ho<*ol ol Miihomi cntiilnt ulDilti onr txvduia, |i I 8 pruVlnc live only of bod ir-iiliP, mi.l ahutiid bo ttoimud lieii'nimJrly, Ifllie fatluratl iom|Miit>« jro liMho jwol'fc', "lljiej In «thole or in jinil/tbo fact *hoiilit In MM-eiinliir d, and Iho wmji.u ro* hy pro. ijti leEl"lnHniii >lm |)i’o|i||<ltavo lor year* onit dt'tnjihnfti Inveßlli/ttliuti, tthd the c<>i|iitrniloiu In. ' Mw 1 1 lie amtie, that lio'm'ri, iniimrtlnl to. abide hyll's Hwanf 1 '"*" l "'» """ II»BI on, Irtllt'il tu nnlvu in ; n y aatl-mctorv con ** *.*® KttCb MircerUhut W-H. Inini'i', lliftrchue, ittul Harlf Jn»| uhoro jt< ore ilvcuabor roimneiicutl, ana boforo deflultu acilon Jr* rt l ,h “ rt i ,y ol ■‘Unurnmoui arrive*, and tl.o »trlfu 1* coiitiuued annlhur yew. I know thn U ?intf» P^ an for procuring Iho data nneefeury to IntuUlconl aulch, ilumbythenppolntmontof a cmmnrnco from yonr boiiy, or tiy ilieaimo-titnutol of a com ii.lrHlur. to Imcsticatc thornui'hly and carcluily the « hojr nucMloD, and loßijhmji Uio result of such ji.vtHt«MtloD to Uiit* or aeucccedliur !«iT e * , Jb,s *" v ® s,, g at lo«‘due to tbe corpora tion*. for while U is your duty to compel on their liarf a e riel observance ol the restriction* wh-ch the Mete ha* placed upon them. It is none the M Ur i dt l y 10 Prpieri them In tbe cxeicl-c of 2l l!^ el rJ L ' cU,c l a,er, ?? c l ,lsM * especially ~ he ’ ar d l t^yofirpernliarprovince, ns »helr cbrpcn ffua-dlana, to stand between them .ird ir.juencc and oppression, irom uhatever source they may come, and lam confident you vill dipchaice this duty withuct fear or favor/ Ihe subject Is Important and replete with diffl culti s. and should command yonr early, earnest attention, that exact jnsticc may be done. •*••••• ._ special Montanos. fTnc (jovernor calls mtentlou to the con«lan'lv ? beci , aJ legislation, and rfeprj rcspccuj of IceiPlallve carelessness In this cnAurrABLE iKsrmmoKs. r.l. i ie ° r parents lu «he Insane Ilomital uctmirri, IPS, wos 1«<; admitted during the year, w 4 V nml^ r of inmates Scpiem »*er A 1866, iso. of whom 06 were- male, ard 81 fc ro C rr? xpt-Dfe ?. for the year amounted to tll.jj.ii3. The larm has netted a profit of 56,000. I’or the completion of the new wing an additional appropriation of ?**.GSO is ashed. Hie Jm-tiuitlon fortfe Deaf and Dumb had 61 inmates October I, IHCC. The cxncnscs tor the tear were $2-1,070.28, an excess ofsAS9l49 over receipts. An appropriation of $M,901.35 j a asked for the comnlctton ol the we«t wing lh ” WU'.MI.SI were expended for Ike fcoldiere Orphans’ Rome. Tlio number of sun An additional ouildliig for school puiposes Is needed, and an appropriation of SIO,OOO for that purpose Is The Institution for the Blind has iSfinmates. 3 ?o’j ßCß !or the late 118001 ycar wcrc THE STATE UTTORM SCHOOL. fThe n Ps?.£ rf Inwatesof the Reform School, Ociober I, IS*6. was IX4. The cxpciaes for the last fiscal year were $24,K6.14. Three hnlldlngs have been erected In the place of the main baitd destroyed by fire, at an expense ol SII,OOK. The managers have purchased I2n acres ofland for farming purposes, at a cost of $7,800.J state run-ox. (ISOprison Iniiheeonniiyi« so neatly self-sap. poiticg us the Wisconsin Penitentiary. The total cosMo tire State daring the last fiscal year was ’The number of convicts Scptem? her A 1866, was 166-sua increase of ;2 In twelve months. The walls of the north wing are nearly completed, the work having been douc by the com let-. If this wing is to be completed this £?? c ?J nmlJ,fiiol,er asks an appropriation of sAivu for the payment of current expeases. The Governor Is of the opinion that the new wing should certainly b.'routed.] COMMON SCHOOLS. [The message states that the number orchil dmi In the Slate between the age* of 4 aud 2t) Is 3’2,0f5, an Increase of 12,930 daring itui. The V 4 ,. u P° n (be nubile schools fa d-I.SUt. The number of teachers employed is Tf'iO. The whole amount expended bjihenca 2*i°.t(V * support of common school* was aD . incase of $135,187.77 dming lt«). Jbc school far.d at the close of the fiacat year, amounted to *2,U1,8*U7. and the total re ccinls fonbe fiscal year wcio 53A412.44. The dbbnrscmeiits were $120,580.71, leaving the fond overdrawu, by reason of inves mentd In Wbcou tdu bonds, $S.',7Kt. The amount of to the fund is •loa,*C».lM acrea.] “ . _ x . KORMAL SCHOOLS. [ The Regents have resolved to establish schools at Whitewater, riattenlie. Oih- Ko«li, htoughtou, and sluboygan, all or which '• ill be opened at an early day. The total prodne • ive notmal school fund low I* Ul^^.c^‘ c t? r acres of land belonging to ihofund )■' The receipt* for the past year amounted Jo ID ® the disbursements were i. 4 Th° receipts of the normal school fend Income amounted io $60,130.91. The dis bursements for rei-vncs, clerks. buildings, atnr i.ej a Ices, trai stored to utter thuds, asd protect- Inp lands, amounted to $02,706.00, leaving abal n2Scin.,Vjf?Jjls,‘ 1 of WWIU.JO; to which may oe added SIIO,OOO 00 to be paid by the localities above named, and ££ 1 197.50 Interest wmch will tcctne -.rJ. n ,53£? rly J, h,s y ear * mating a grand total if $100,157.70, subject to the order of the regents.] TUE STATE UNIVmSITT. flhe total productive fond of the State Univcr ®*tj' ** 51C5.2U5.05, the interest or which, together with such earns as may be received for tuition, room rent, &c., will Insure an annual income of about fIo,OUO, wlllo the estimated expenditure for each year is about $21,000. leaving (he annua! Income of the metitmlnn luadeunate to Its proper support by about iC-fOO. t here are 17,;i3i acres of tnmrsityland.md233.ssC acres of Agricul tural College land belonging to the fond, and as yey ore disposed ofthie deficit will of coarse ainnuisb J • • 0 • A3lEM)*t>T TO_ Til* COKSTTTCTIOS or TO* r i ~ UNiren states. I lioreulth tam-mit ior your consideration an aliened copy of a resolution of Congress, pro posing to the Legislatures of the several Stati*. a lounctnJh article to the Constitution of die lnlti‘d Siateg. This resolution has lor many months been before the people, am daring that jime its several sections have been made the sub ject of earnest discussion. The people of this Stale arc ihorongbly familiar with la provisions, and with a full understanding of Ibem m all their bcarlpcs, have by an ovcrwt.eliulng maiorlty de clared In fat or ol its immediate ratification. It has formed the basis of the campaigns, and been mi de the issue of the late elections, in every Aortbcm state, and most of you ate here to-day. because your consiltncats knew that yon deemed tale Amendment Just and necessary. Tbo monte °f the other lojal States have declared with like emphasis In its favor. 1 need, therefore, urge upon von no ex tended argument In support of it. Notwitastand- Ing U.c fact that this amendment win nnquea tu'cnblv be ratified by the legislatures of more tnar. iwo-tbirds of the States *hose practical reloilons to the Onion cavciicverbeeu suspended, it Is the deliberate voice of the loyal masses, that before tboee who were ro lately seeking the na tions life shall bo rcclothed with the political •igbtsvbich they fo*feited by their treason, they must assent to the proposed amendment, with all Its guaiautees, securing to allmeo equality be fore the law. arepresenanoa based upon popn lancn, bniexclndlngfromcompntaUon all classes who are deprived of political privileges, except *or partir.jiation in rebellion or other crimes: the dh qualification for office of all who added to the crimi-ol treason that of peijury, until aneb dis qualification »fi removed by Congress: the eternal jepndJatior, btalcand National, of the rebel debt, with all claima lor lo. j a and cmtnclpatloa of Slavts; ano the sanctity of the Federal debt, placing lot ever beyond the reach of traitor and demagogue, that dne to onr disabled soldiers, and to the wldowsand orphans of onr fallen Tula declaration of the people has b* eo made tenner ately tbnugb ihe hallot-box, atapeacefnl elec ttou, cut u res been maoe with amm voice, not to be misunderstood, and from it there lies no appeal. Tnis demand is not made with a desire to appropriate tconrselvesTmdnepolhb'al newer or to oppress or humiliate the Southern people! It is matic trccanse in view of the terrible events ol the past five yean l , we deem these guarantees necessary to the life ot the nation, and we insist mat those who saved that life bare an undeniable tight to demand all goat an tees easentiil to Its mtnre pn evrvadon. ••••••• Af the people olibe South Mere Impelled bra mysterious but All-wise Providence to refcel thc Government, that they raJgm perpeia nic in Ihcir midst li e hideous crime of human slavery, and thus struck the blow which finally set free all who were 1c bondage there, so now lent same Pioyldoncc Impels them to force the people of the North to do rent which, bat for ihcrr desire Ip concilia!-, they would loag since have done—Jheii whole duly. There is a lime when “mercy to the criminal if cruelty to the >1110.” Gentlemen, that time has come. The day of compromise has passed, and passed torever. The day for doing that which Is right In Itself has come, ard until we hare done the rich I, and done it for all time, we have shame fully failed in oor duty, not only to the world and to onraclve?. but to tee five hundred thon«and brave mi n who gave their lives so freely that hb-. erty might live. In my opinion, U is the duly of Congress, the only remaining hope of loyalty and justice at the South, to provide for the intore es tablishment of local governments over those por tions of the South lately lu rebellion, which have reinsert their assent to this amendment, each Gov ern menu to bo based upon impartial, loyal sufiisgc. In this 1 advocate no dtsre caid of the Constitution. 1 yield to no man in my revcrorco for that instrument. The tact that illegal local governments have been in operation there since the cessation or hostilities, foi ms no bar to the right of Congress to establish legal ones. Let Congress act, and the loval peo ple will sustain U, be the consoqaenc.'s what they tuny. No other coarse will settle oar troubles he yot.d the uostiblltiv of a recurrence, and Insure justice to the Unionists of that section. The sale iv pi onr cotminr and the fulfilment of oor pledges dike demoud ft. Wo have pledged onr honor that wc would stand oy and protect those who were loyal at the South during the straggle Just ended. It w ere Oerter to have railed In the contest, than now to coldly torn onr backs upon those who were “ faithful louna among the faithless.” Wo should deserve to be wiped out from among the nations of the earth, did we do this. lam Arm In thcfiMi that with proper action on the port of Congress, the dsy of settlement teat hand. Lot the jicoplc stood fsstia the position they have taken, and It mast toon come. Woold

that my voice could retch all loyal mea la the land, to tclllhcm to be of good cheer, for the day In not far distant when our beloved country will bf. tn all its sections, a land off.ccdomin Sc7as well as tn name; free In speech. free in prose, wd vf. C Hrsr e? 1 . , t! t° 1 ' May tl,od 5 P eL ‘ d comiaeof that Pn, ~ CIICIUS FaIIICIHLO. Extcltive Chajcdku, Madison, Jan. 10, ISO*. UTEUAiM, Notices of New Publications. THE NATIONAL PORTRAIT QALLPIIV nr A tfo. T ° ,nm “' ™'*- Here Is the first notable attempt to do for American biography what has long been a success In Europe, namely, to present sys tematically a pictorial history of the lives of our icprcscutative men; and Messrs Rice, Rutter & Co., of Philadelphia, have succeeded beyond the supposed possibilities of Toung America’s publishing houses. Be fora us are four superbly bound and beauti fully Illustrated volumes of one hundred and sUty biographies of our greatest country mm, from Benjamin Frauklln down to Lin* ciln. But the most attractive feature of the work Is the “portrait gallery” of a hundred and sixty spirited engravings, all executed on steel by our best artists, and from the most esteemed likenesses known or extant. The bncks on our table might bo considered an economical but large and clcuaut collection of llrsl-ralc portraits, o scl of finely wrought albums filled with the best designs of our cch-brUtcs. The work Is brought nut In the highest style of the printing nnd Imok-lilmllng ur>. Imperial octavo, full Turkey antique, gilt edge, ehihomtcly embellished covers, spring buck, tinted pnpsr, characteristic frcmlls pleee, velvety brown external appearance,— volumes worthy In beauty of the most tnslu ful library shelves mill drawing-room table. In tile West, and In point of durability equal lo the use of a lifetime anil many gemmo lions of legacies ami primogenitures. The puhllshurs say : “Thu present work Is nut the-hasty result of on Impulse lo sullsiy the demands of n day. It has been ngradual growth, under the most carefhl supervision. It n ay he expected, Ihirofore, to have In It. self Ihe elements of endurance. All who have been engaged lu Us pieparallon hove employed iho pen, the graver, nnd the press, In the spirit of the artist who said, ‘ I paint for eternity,* ** About tin or a dozen pities between the pictures are devoted lo n clearly wrl'teu biography of cneh subject, nmmitf which are the lives of both men nml women—\Vn*htuif lon, Martha Washington, Franklin, Ureoue, Pcotl { Cooper, Pieseoll, Everett ; Lincoln, hhiiil, hheimnti, trad a ureal tunny more, both inmtlhir and unfamiliar to the general render. Till! NORTH AMltllllMN MVI.VA-lty I'. I’VT 1 1\ IHI 'I 'ITHIMAPI Nim-A1.1,: I'. I, h ; Willi Njjli'h to J .lAV I‘wmt, nllior «»r llt« /hi ficn//uilni, |'|||.„, lim ~; ,v I™, A Aiilrmllitly tlliiHtrAUi)l <|pHp'rl|i(| iM oi'thti I'Ti'Al In'll, uf Urn Unlli'il Hlnint, Ciimiiln, Nnvu dinllii, Mm lliipkjr Miiiiiittiln. timl Hie ITiiTllu mill Into Hiu miilliii:. of I'ullfurnlii, with tlif most mu'ftil of the European jbruat Irani;—all I'niinliloroil |urtlaiilurly with ri'ei.LCi to llicir 1180. ill tlio iirta ami Hmlr In liniliicllnii Into coiiniiorco, Tliero imi two lilimlrcil ami ecventy-raven colorod ongrav- Inga acciinitolv ropn 'Minting all llio varkitlca. t'Tvo Inipcrinl octavo riiluines, biuuiit In full Turkey morocco,nntli|uc, l-IU cage, tlntml paper, spring back, brown embellished cover —a beautiful and useful book by distin guished authors. I Hi: HISTORY OF THE IN JIAM TRIBES OF NORTH AMERICA, llv Thomas E. llcKev- HiLI " Phu “ l, ' ,I F i, * ! nice. Uut- Biographical sketches and anecdotes of the principal Indian Cbiels of the continent, illustrated with a hundred and twenty portraits from the original paintings in the War Department at Washington. Three volumes elegantly bound in Turkey morocco, and exceedingly interesting to the reader. Wc learn that Dr. £. G. Mygatt, agent for the sale of these boohs, is now in Chicago ; and we have taken some pains to assure our selves of bis standing among the better sort of business men, with results highly favora ble to himself. We believe be will faithfully deliver the works he promises. “SWINGJN ROUND THE CIRKMS.” Bv Pe. tuolecm Nasey. IPugiraied by Th. Nasr I,ce . * Shepard. Sold by Cobb & Odcago^ 1 aotl Cdlern News Company, Petroleum says, “There Isa vacancy in the mind uv the public for jist sicb a book ez this, else it bad never been published. There is a vacancy In my pockit for the money I am to reseeve ez copyrite, else I had never alun together, in consccootlvc shape, the ijccs wlch Ihev from time to time Hung out thro the public press,for the culitcnmcnt uv a ungrate ful public aud the guidance of a obtoose Dimocracy.” This may betaken in lien of the inevitable apology which bookmakers affix to their works after deliberately pro paring them for the very readers whose "ra dons pardon is begged. It also aptly repre sents the vigor, Irankress, and nahxte ol the author’s style. Next to J. Russell Lowell he Is the foremost of American humorists. Probably be is more read than any other author this side of the Atlantic. Like St. Benjamin, he came before the people with out puffing: and unlike St. Benjamin, he lias so fixed himself in the minds of the peo ple and the events of bis time that his name will needs he saved in the records of the de cline and fall of the Democratic parly. Since the publication of this book the Rev. Petroleum has been elevated to the profes sorship of “Biblikle Politicks in the South ern Military Institool,’’ having been “Post master at Cuniedtit X Roads aud Chaplin to the expedishn” after quitting in disgust the thankless “Aposscl blzuls” in the “Church of the Noo Dispcnsashun.” “Obtoose Noo Jersey” was forsaken, and coming West, the preacher soon fouud himself “ asscndln stop by step to a proud eminence”; for he was tot very long Postmaster before “Androo” invited him to Washington, and gave him a “pressln” invitation to accompany the Presidential party round the great circle. The “Chaplin” has kindly presented the essence of the “Grate Pacificator's address,” and lor the bc-nctlt of the numerous young men and boys who are studying for the pres idency, wc quote a skeleton of his original and powerful “thots.” The keeper ol the Pacificator’s conscience ollicially reports him ns thus dclcnding his style when In Gin cinnatl: 1. I swung around the cirkle. 3. I asked who wuz the Saviour ef I wuz Joodis Iskariot ? 3. I left the Constitooshn, the 30 Slates and the flag with 36 stars onto it, in their hands. Now at Columbus I shell vary It thusly; 1. The Constitoosbn, flags and stars. 2. The Joodis Iskariot bigness. 3. Swing in around the cirkle. At Stoobenville, agin, ez follows: I. Joodis Iskariot. 2*. Swirgln around the cirkle. 8. Constitooshn, ll:‘g and stars. At Louisville, *‘Hls Imperial Majesty, who waz lu a eggslent condition to n>akc crowds large enough, remarked to me cs we wuz ridin through the streets; ‘ ’Splen ’splay! Mor’n ten’unerd sousand people moi’n ten million people—mor’n ten unered million people—mor’n ten nncred sousand million people—alluvum ’sporters my pol icy. ’Rah for me.’ ” Nast represents Petroleum as an old, bald headed, blink-eyed, stout and coarse pioneer, bigin the middle, and tapering both ways to the number fourteen brogans and Ther syte’s conical head. A wide mouth, pug nose, shaggy hair and beard, heavy brow, lorcbead marked with post office cares, cheeks furrowed by dint of mourning for the fallen Democracy, and withal a grin of hu mor which only Nast can show. But the real Nasby is another sort of man. Mr, D. R. Locke, of Ihe Toledo Blade, takes the re sponsibility, blame and feme of these clever letters. He is a thorough-going Republican, a vigorous hater of political cheats, a man of bioad views, a doer. In the midst of very laborious editorial duties be gives the public a half dozen of his piquant revelations | every month. He has cast more ridicule upon the Democratic “ stnalfrl ” than ail the politicians since the time of Buchanan; and much good has come of it. IDE HISTORY OP ABRAHAM LINCOLN AND THE OVERTHROW OP SLAVERY. By Isalc N. Anyone, late Member of Congress Irom UU nols. Chicago: Clarke* Co.,publishers. 18C7. More than seven hundred pages of carefully prepared matter on the most vita! topic in American history. The decline and fell of slavery can be fully written by none; bnt juft now he can do most toward that end who is able to present the most important, the fullest and the best assorted annals. Mr. Arnold has seen both the inside and the out side of the administration which fixed the destiny of the slave power. He can speak a ith authority. Another admirable qualifi cation is his earnest enthusiasm. "We admire very much the spirit he brings to the task. Ilis style is not .all we could wish to have it ; but the author certainly has the more needful requisites of a reliable and entertain ing bistorisn. The overthrow of slavery could not be adequately conveyed to the reader without much of Mr. Lincoln’s biography. This fact has led Mr. Arnold to connect the life of the martyred President with the general narra tive in a natural, complete and wc think, judicious digression. But the main purpose of the work is to trace the ineiplcncy and culmination of the great straggle between slavery and freedom, a conflict extending from the adoption of the Constitution down to the final overthrow of the slaveholders* rule by the acceptance of the Con stitutional Amendment, making the .whole Republic tree, a war of ideas, violent and earnest for long years, and then a war of arms, heroic and almost desperate". The author follows the struggle to the Legislatures of Slates, the halls of Congress, the courts, thb hustings, the con vention, the pnlpit, the platform, the press, the people. Ho traces the gradual rise of the slave power to the repeal of the Missouri Compromise; he sets forth the origin and growth of the Anti-Slavery, Liberty, Frcc- Soll and Republican parties. And the border ruffian massacics !□ Kansas he* regards as a prelude to the rebellion. Every anti-slavery measure during Mr. Lincoln’s administration Is to be found in this book ; the Inside movements of parties and leaders; discussions of the debates in Con gi css; graphic sketches of the leadlngstatcs men; history of reconstruction; cbnstilu. tional questions of the war; many new facts never before published, and the lile of Liu coin as the great leader ot the party ol the movement. The work is well brought out hy Messrs. Clarke A: Co., or Chicago, and we have no doubt their painstaking will meet its reward. The book Is to he sold hy subscription ; and It goes forth with the prestige of a dlstln gulshcd author who woa Intimately acquaint cd with his hero. CANADA. British North American Confederation. The Proposed BUI In the Prlll.U Par llnment—Opposition to she Scheme— The Question or a Cnplmi for the hciv Confnlerner-Tho Defence, of montreal— military- Force, lu Canada. (Correspondence ol Iho Chicago Tribune.) New Yomt, January 7. -My letters from Cnnndn to the Timn xu gnve you some account of the coming no lltlrnl change lu the British North American Provinces* The change Is now coming to a climax we learn hy the Atlantic Cabin, a basis for a hill to he laid before the Imperial Parliament having been agreed upon hy the delegatee assembled In London. Al the same lime we learn from Canada that a potlllon Is going round m Montreal against Ihe scl of eonledeiathnn This la got up by the Ilu* piildlean parly, ehlelly by the Frem'li (or /(oie/r whig Id'll, led by ilia Hon. A. A. no tion, Attorney llanoral, Hast, hi the last lie. oim Itovernment. The Honiara of the Hug llsh sneaking anll-l onlederntes, are Hon. iv»l'.^!:;;;ui™ l er l :i: i,,u,, ‘ l Avurin * u " iu "' I ruin the too Hums of nowa I ina> r thnl ConfulcmilonwlUl.LMurrl.il uml (lu> pell lion scl nslde, fur Iho HrllUh (lovotnmun urr hcnl upon It, nnd so arc tho muss t>l Can udluiiA til Urlllflli (ultrlti, Inolndini; u lurm nnrly nf I ruieh, led hy C urlier, llt-lloan ant nil lliici l membeta ol iho Uovoni muil. Ju the Confederate Piirlliiiiicnl Iho Frunoh olciiicnl will bo dismiss'd {rwjhuU. as Ihov sfl.v.)huiro iholruppiiMlhm to tliu union* but it is nil In vnln when the Home Uuvorti* luctit (k't’blcs on a nioußitre, lor It 1* prudu- Icrtniticd, IhMqjh they ii.ukc n show ol Jcuv* Ihu tin l inrusun* lo the c uf p-puH, Thci'lnilconf n sure cnplliil tforrtc* the Ciinndhins nifm.il deal. Oilnwa (culled bv Uic New )urk fnhunr correspondent ihu "hnekw.iml eipliul,") IsHlcelareil mult, „ml Motilicai Is generally satilln lie Ilia nmiiar j'lai'l;. The l|llrslhill of ili'lt'llßlhtllty will l|a. (• i tnliic ibc sclceilon, Now, on ,wu l|c» In n Mill, nml (hero mo no obstructions to iho mix.ibccoi mi emmy other limn itiellitiu im*i Uidcuii, which I* toosnmllund too near ~,° imy innlcrlnt ime, It would coal Ahmi,(X)o (o sMtf),ooo to muke ottuwu tol erably >iiic ntfuhisl tin enemy. Aa to Mmiimil, It Ilea mi tin Mum) that la wuslicd by two brmid and rapid rivers. Do. h lice would, tlicn-foro, bo m-ontly nMalcd »v nature. The ci:niitct*ra wbouro Mirvoylmr the ifround talk of throwing up nu introiich « d cneampmem on the south or rlchi bunk ol thoM. Lnwrei'io, oppoalle the chy, uc,. cluslntr the vUluko of Lambert nnd the Vic lurlu Urhlpe. This to cover the city. They also talk of works upon Iho mountain, back of the city, which command it. This to de stroy the city by way of savin*: It. Coming from the “Roval Ensrincers,” any tiling absurd Is not surprlsini:, and if they "ere to propose some ot the Chinese mean* of warfare—tom-toms and stlnk-pou—the proposition would be acted upon by the old “Commander of the Forces.” If works were thrown up on the hank to cover the city and the Bridge, and also upon the head of the Island of Montreal, It would be difficult (sec map of Canada) to take Mrntrcal even by a United Slatesarmy under u Sherman, who, by the way, peaceaoly vis ited the Province lust summer. The force that could be counted noon for defence would be some 20,000 or 2.»0J0 regu lar trooj s. and ,50,000 militia. The first are or a good quality, as to rank and file, and bed as to officers. The Canadians, not hav ing seen any oilier troops, believe these regulars to be perfect, in which they are mis erably deceived, for ihev are in every re spect, but that of phi/siijiie and arms, inferior to the troops of any of the Great Powers As to the volunteer militia, Ibtvwere not a match lor the Fenians, os Limestone Rid-'e shows. 1 bey ore drilled, armed and clothed in the same manner as the regulars, and their field officers are superlatively I-norant —Booker, for instance, the English auction eer of namllton, C- W. The Thirteenth Bat talion. of that place, must be very proficient at the running drill. Such Is a cursory review of the questions of capital and defence, involved in tbo scheme of Confederation. KENTUCKY. The Legislature and State Politics. The Financial Condition of Kentucky “The United States Scnutomlilp—Tito Relative Strength of U»c Parties—Tlic Democracy Active Rebels versus “Stuy-at-llomc” Cravens—.V Quarrel for tbe Spoils* [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.) Fuaxkport, Ky., January 7. JSC*. The Kentucky Legislature, the adjourned session of which convened hero on Thursday of last week, has as yet accomplished noth ing more than the prelimiuarics of the work before it. The monthly renorts of the Treasurer and Auditor show that the finances of the State are in a very satisfactory’ condition. On the first of this month there was in the Treasury $1,5T>4,444.18. The State debt is $.*>,324,051.71) while the resources ot the sinking fund amount to $8,127,081.01. Besides this, Ken tucky holds a claim against the United Slates Government, for equipping aud subsiding United States troops dating the late war amounting to the sum of $2,433,817.1)1. This claim is in a forward slate of adjustment aud ht- paid during tlic present winter The great business of this session is the election of a United States Senator to sue* ceed Garrett Davis, whasc term of office will expire on the 4th of March next. With a fml Legislature, tnerd arc one hundred mem hers ot the House of Representatives, and thirty.cight Senators. At the commence tuentof the session, last winter, the parties stood as follows: Forty-seven straight out Ln on men, twenty-seven Conservative union men, and sirly-four rebel sympathiz ers styling themselves Democrats. 'What the n-latlvestreugth ofthese parties is at this time it is of course impossible to tell at this writing. Rut from all the indications I have seen in the short time the Legislature bus been in session, I am inclined to think that the Lniun clement has suffered no loss, but that the conservative wing of the Union par ty will be augmented by members from both the other tactions. Early tills week, all par lies hold o caucus, when party Hues will be defined, and the contest entered upon In earnest. Candidates of the three shades ot politics are abundant, and log-rolling and wire-pulling are now going on in a decree of pcifecllou only arrived at in Kentucky. The Democracy, exultant* over the large mijorlty cast tor Duvall, for Clerk of the Court of Appeals, regard all shades of Union men with contempt, counting them out of the question in the grand disposition of the offices of the State. It is next to certain that in their Convention, to be held on the 22d of February, they will ignore the claims ol every man who has ever been identified with the Union cause, cither in a civil or military capacity. Kot only this, but many leading Democrats take General Preston's vlewot the case, which is that the rebels wboshowed their faith by tbelr works, i e., fought in the rebel army, deserve the offi ces, and should have them to the exclusion of the stay-at-home rebels whom the doughty Confederate General regards as “ciavens.” There is no donbt that a ma jority of the Democratic party entertain these views. It Is thought by many, that in the Convention to be held on the 22d of February, service In the rebel army will be made one of the prerequisite qualifications for bolding any office of honor, profit or trust in Kentucky. There is a very preltv quarrel In prospect, which prt mises much amusement. If not per manent good to the Union party. I will keep you posted on matters as fast as the facts develop themselves. Important Railroad Casco Settled* [From the Dobagne Tfmea, .Tatipmy 6.] At the December term of the District Coart of Jones County, two suits, brought against the Dubuque & Sioux City Railroad, and which eighteen months ago threatened a tenons disturbance intbc management and In the extension prospects of our western railroad, were settled forever. One was entitled, “ The Connty of Bn tuque and Herman Uclpekc r». The D. & S. C. R. R. Co., ct al.” This was brought to set aside the tale of 107,000 acres of land made by the company in November, 1863. at $1 per acre. The plaintiffs contended that the com pany bad no right to sell the lands In the manner they did; the price was low, and “skulduggery” was practised in the sale. The case was brought before onrCouot but was taken to Joucs County, because Judge Burt Is a holder of slocks in the road,and therefore a party interested. At the time mentioned above the snst was dismissed by Hub bard at the plaintilTs costa, and thus the sale was held valid. The other suit was entitled “Herman Gel jeke rs. D. »fc S. C. R. R. tt ah” It was institu ted to set aside the plan of extending the road from Cedar Falls to lowa Falls. But chancery is slow, and ere the case could be decided the care were rolling into lowa Falls, with their burdens of passengers and freight. Never theless, had the Court decided for the plain tiff, ultimately the company would have experienced no little trouble and expense. This case was also dismissed at plaintiff’s costs, and the extension of the road held valid. Thus the action of tha company to raise money to extend the road, and the exten sion itself, are justified and held to be right by the Court, and the managers are relieved from further trouble on account of their ac tion in those matters. A Shower of Salt* [From the New Orleans Times, January 4.J We learn from a gentleman who arrived yesterday from Red River, that on the second ofthe month a shower of tine salt occurred on Red River about sixty miles from the month. There had been a little snow the day before, and on the next day, it being observed that the supposed snow had not melted, in was examined and found to be veritable salt. Our informant gathered a best 1 * ™ fouDti e( l aal to the Victor lingo is said to be building's theatre near his residence in Guernsey, whore two un performed plays by him, Torqutmada and La Onuidt'mtrt arc to ace the footlights. Our Special Foreign CorreS' pondence. Borne and the Papacy. Popular Discontent in the King dom—The Papacy Sacrificed to Italy Stubbornness of the Pope. Indifference of the People to thi Fate of the Church. (Special Correspondence of Ihe Chicago Tribune.] i'LonEMcr, iMij-, December 1(1, seed. Tlicre Is some disappointment tlmt the French arc likely to leave a quiet Rome be hind them, and a decided feeling of dis content that this Is to some extent duo to the expected visit of the French Empress, which seem* to have put both Jesuits and Romans upon their pood behavior. The politicians—l do not dare soy statesmen for It Is not quite certain Italy has any In power, -ore, of course, delighted that order reigns In Rome; they have had so much popular discontent within the Kingdom to manage this year, and they have managed it con selmisly so badly, that they are 100 ja-lcd and discouraged to contemplate u new one wdh complacence. For, a rising n ( Rome would mean a storm of enthusiasm over the whole Peninsula : and then, what Is worse a possible popular ferment In Franco, Incited by ultramontane priests, winked nl by alt I'iineh Republicans, who like to seethe con splralnrs ol the coop il'thu in trouble, and hy various anti-Italian lullmmees hi Europe to re appear lu Holy In (he form of diplomatic correspondence written lu Napoleonic Ink. Uni public opinion here and politicians’ opinion ate hopelessly at variance. Tho diplomatic exigencies ol Italy have forced In r these five years (<. give tho devil’s reason for her doings, audit la rather slmngu that he.\ tune not taught (he people to think lu tlmt popular logic. Hut; somehow, what evu be the reason, tho two standards of ■ opinion arc widely apart. Take the eunsen sns ol the po-.plu who read newspapers, and yon gel n plain. Hal. square, unequivocal ulttne it that Uotnt holongs to Italy, and .at llniy Is no more hound lu give it un to the talholie Church than Englaudls to stir, render London to the same ecclesiastical pm l ose. Every Italian knows, either by reading or Instlncl-aml instinct ]„ 0 f the e um Pedagogae-tlial the Papal temporal eiown is, In the first Instance, u usurpation— ns, lor tho most pul, crowns elsewhere aro und, in the sceoml hislanee, however gotten lost, loiloMcd hy loisgoverumonl. No other jjlle gotten by conquest In now worth a far tiling. Even Austrian Joseph u dickering u Ith twenty Diets,assombietlm various parta ol his Empire, Mr a new least* of tower. 11l place of that which Ima lan-cd through abuse ot military deoiotUm. Isabella, o| bpaln, tins correct papers • no daw worth meuti.-nlog cxUs In her title. Rut all Europe U reail.v to see her sent unio ning out ol the Ilicric I’cnlnsula, because all tmopo kiii.wa that her lluvemm.-nt Is almost us had us that ol Pio Nv-no. Italians cun not see; will not see, get mad If you In slsl on their seeing, tlmt a good old priest must be made an exception of In lids gen eral crying ol “ Seat” to medlnevully found ed. mcdia*vally administered inouarchs . r S , U i" I-,1 ,Un1 ? ,! ‘“i - “VC pm in the month «J the Ring:, the indt pei.Uence of the Holy ratio r, m cot too popular here. "People arc glad the politicians did not gel more of that stuff Into his mouth, rather pleased that X ictor does seem capable of worrying ilotni a great deal of it; but they will' not agree that it meaiis any of the delightful things understood hy it in Paris, whence it came —with much more of the sort In Gen cral Floury *s knapsack—or that It pledges Italy to abate one jot of . her pretension-*. On the one hand, they will tell you that the independence of the Pope shall not be secured hy making a single Roman less than an Italian citizen or by snipping the humblest peasant in the’ C ompagna ol one of his rights. To enthrone the rope on one side of the Tiber would be to enslave a pirt of the Romans; to keep Irec schools and tree presses out of the ner vous old man’s sight would be to rob the brains of the children. They sar much more which runs to the same effect. ’They go fur ther, and deny that lu sound right the Ro mans have ary right to take Glrondin’s ad vice and set up a Free City with the Pope as its hrst citizen. “We are content,” they tay, “to leave this question to the Roman* because we knew they will decide It aright* because, n short, they are lor the most part Italians. But to lay it down that a city in the heart of a nation can set up all alone by itself, does not fit cither with plain sense or modem notions of right. They tolerate the little Republic oi ban Marino because li don’t at all matter what a village on a remote hill calls itself or belongs to : but a great city and a Rome at thai, is altogether another matter. . A Now York “statesman” had an Inspira tion of a similar sort five years ago, and doubtless, half a dozen times during! he war a majority in that delectably governed town would base voted it n “ FrceCitv.” But you know that ir they had, you would have con queied them after the business of the South was disposed of. So here advanced Italians —and 1 only mean by that Italians who think the popular thought through to its logical conclusions—say that, if It were necessary Italy would conquer Rome from the Homans themselves rather than leave it outeideofthe • ution. fhe Pope, they say, must take his chance with the rest. If he can get on in an atmosphere where he must sniff all manner of heresies, why let him. But the system of sacrificing Italy to the Papacy is linl*bed or finishing. It may be a few' years longer in the dying, this old political heresy, but, w hatever rollgmus heresies come with Its death, die It must. The Italians have for some centuries been forced to sacrifice peace on earth to the hope of Heaven, and It Is idle to counsel them as the Archbishooof Dublin lately admonished the Irish. “ to'bcar their present sufferings with a patience which stiatl show t hem fit for the world where there Is no oppression.” I repeat it, as the kev rote of Italian thought on this question, The Papua: tnkr Us chance icith free inslUuti'ms. If Jt chooses to shun the experiment, there arc plenty of places where there isnoneofthls troubling by the wicked. In Jerusalem, for example, Pio Nuno and his successors might have a century or so of liberty to misgovern ofthat independence which means the right to deprive populations ol light and liberty. Italy lias been sacrificed long enough to the Papal idea of government; she will not tol crate it mueli longer. She Is willing to give time, to be patient, complacent for a little, but on condition that shots marching on to Rome as her own. to do with as she pleases Not that they will rebel if the politician make some sort of a compromise. A peas ant once said to me; “We keep these SI"- nori to do our dirty work.” But everybody secs that a compromise which impairs the rights of Romans and Italians, orltaly as the sovereign Slate over all the Peninsula, Is only a make-shill—that it wants the moral it}* which can make it binding. Paper is at a terrible discount in European politics. Nobody doubts that tbe Pope will stay; not, indeed, accepting fairly and openly the terms which the nation, or, as he calls it, the Revolution, will offer him. He secs pretty clearly the utter antagonism between him self and the age which he condemns from A to 7. about twlc" a year; but he has uo In tention and will have none, or rather, his CourUwill have none, of surrendering. Andy Johnson Is not more determined than our P*o. Theic is a middle way, and Italians see that the clerical party ■will take It and keep to it. That is, to do just what the clergy in Italy all the higher clergy I now mean—have done these six years, to acquiesce, submit, more or less frankly, and then get down into the basement of society, and quietly dig away In tbe subsoil underpinning of popular su perdition, now and tnen running up into the towers, where Klngund courtiers and politi cians live to flourish absolutions, “annual” and “ extreme,” in the faces ol men and wo men who are, for the most part, sinful and all mortal. Besides, It is a theory practiced upon by the clergy that, though 'schools are bad, they can be made a little better if priests teach them, and so they come in to teach “ Hail Maty ” and tho rest, instead of arithmetic. In short, the free Church in the free Stale will be, in Italy, a free conspiracy In the State, more or less avowed, and never for a moment Idle or harmless. It will take a century to beat the instinct of intrigue and power out oT the priesthood; perhaps I should sav to breed U out, for a new race is needed to give us peace. Now all this ignores a favorite theory that Italy is a devoted Catholic nation; but then it is only a favorite theory, and might be left for well-to-do bodies ol either gender to fondle as they do their lap dogs. The truth, however, cannot be too often staled, that , this whole Italian movement has gone dead ; against clerical influences. Papal anathemas, cncyclicas, and all manner of most plow Pio Nono advice, counsel, admonition and cursing. A fact like this Is, one would think, worth taking note of, and whoever notes it most blander into the conclusion, whatever road he travel from I*, that Ital ane do not let religious dogmas meddle in their political action. J do not think the reading public care where PloNono goes, ex cept as it may influence the diplomacy of other Powers, and if two-thirds of his priests were to follow him to some happy shore they would get up a National Church with the other third and be very happy—if other people would let them alone. Did it ever occur to yop that this French consternation about tbe possible Papal flight is due to a fear that, chasiiignpa Papal tradition, the Holy Father would cut straight for Avig non? Now, Italians believe it, and count tt great lun. Some lime ago Malta was held out in tbe British Ron’s paw for the Pope to nibble at. Well, he nibbled, and straight way it was discovered that His Eminence would be rfefropjlnMalta. Inshort, nobody wants the Papacy, unless it be true—as It is ; now stated—that Papa Seward has sent for him to go to the United States. I know only one reason for believing this, and that is that there Is no reason why Papa Seward should extend the invitation. The notion that Italy trembles lest Flo may go is flat, stale, unprofitable nonsense. If be should fo to the United States, I think every sensi tc man lu the Kingdom would light *a bon fire. He would then be so far oJos to give no more trouble. But this letter lengthens, and I do not get to the funniest ol all the chapters in all this evacuation business, and that Is, the homily His Holiness delivered to General Monte bello and ids officers. It is now peribctly. certain that he did say, “I bear the Empe ror’s health is not good; 1 pray for his health I hear his mind is not tranquil; I pray for bis soul. The French nation is Christian ; the head of it ought also to bo Christian.” That for seventeen years of protection In de fiance of all the professed principles of the .Empire I Who after this will dare say Repub lics are ungrateful ? Why not point a period thus: Even Popes arc ungrateful ? Now, this is exquisitely enjoyed in Italy. We have read out of French yellow books Kentucky. EUROPE. some stkgliii lessons in forbearance and moderation and.tijerchaffoflike imp wt, and now our preacher has cot it himself! And then, the drol cry o. u thal Panal “ pies arc eatrtilng: ana , h at if French priests ImttatetheHolT Father end take to pravin lor the “health” and‘‘sost’- of Napoleon? Could guch oraytrs be induiabin* p n , t i ( i such tender interest in the So> e rel™»* faro bo rebuked? What a blow It was one may guess from the slmpu c, c t that the next day after the story was wcll*nthcn- Heated the Emperor got on his legs, **ilccd for two hoars, and had the fact telegraphed over Europe, with the addition that “h* looked in robwt health.” But, seriotisly, must we belicre in the high personal merit of a man who can be so solemnly malignant, so cunningly blasphemous? Dbaroobn. Description of tcc-Boats-Tfaelr Itlatorj —The Quickest rime on Record—nine mice in Kiubt minutes—The Potigti* kcepslc Ice-Boat Association ,vr> rongemeuts fur a Grand prize Con test. I From the New York Tribune, January a] Thai highly exhilarating ami novel winter sport outlie Hudson, lee-boating, |g about to commence in real earnest. • Tbc bull of'mi lccb*oal is triangular In shape, the deck being only four or live Indies irom the surface of tfic be. Under the for. ward part ore two stationary runners, the wider part ol the triangle being lb* bow. Under tho stern U a movable runner called tbo rudder. The balance ofthe vessel Is rig. ged exactly like a sloop, except that wire rludng Is brought into requisition. All well regulatedleediouts luive (wosets ofnm. tiers, one for smooth and the other for rough u L . tbt* Know. Hake is made of charcoal wire. The shoes on Hie riiui’ers average three led In length with twelve or thirteen inches bearing. lee b< utliig, HU w Itbin a year or two pad, jins never been Indulged In to any great ex tent, but n more exulting kind of winter iiiniiieniont does not exist. Next to the tei euraidi wires, leo-boals have made the quick esl 11 mo on reomd. lie win) rides In nno of lliein must positively dress warm, or sutler gteatly. 1 lie puro M votnger liione of Huso crafts delights to slop on lioanl u( Ills vessel when a cracking uor'*we«ler la blow-lug and Hie Hienimmuter marks ruro. »« u will lied his (eet encased In heavy hoots and Hie boots encased In fur-lined moccasins. He w ill Imvo on heavy woollen timler-elolb mg, heavy Hintalmms and vest, the latter emend with n heavy woollen knit shirt, 1 hen conics Ills short pllot-elolh coat, and over all the Inevitable long nvoteoal, lit* rars will In l covered With the patent tnuillers. and on tits head will rest a etosorigged skull’ cap. with Just enough froiilplreo lo cult It fbvn. Add lo Ihe above columns two Inigo buliulo rubes, one to He dawn upon, and the j;Hu r to cover himself npwlih, and the sail, bgmaster of he Iceboat U ready for a lllly. in lo send to the wlmlwaidi J I he ilwi leedmat or any note on llm Umb "on was built In Hm .war KW. at Ikuiglikmp. •m, by Hdwtnd Hmnhwiek, now an old and prosperous business man In that city, Tim '7** V‘»** ? r U "l rtyU’. triangular In l"rm, Inn about hall Hm sbe of thoau of Hm pu-sent day. Tim tmincr* used were cam* nmn skale-Mibnera, and Hm boat Itself was e.notiueted of rough, uncouth board'. In man Ninon \\ heeler, also of Poughkeepsie, eonsiinctedaj. Ice-bo«t after the manner of Mr. ‘-onlhwlt'k a craft, iisuing pot-inetal run* tors. Ihe Vessel Itself wnaulUtlo larger Haiti that o| Mr. boutlm Ick’s. In the mean- Him*, the Foss brothers, also of Poughkeep sie, bad constructed another one, and with it had made n trip to Konaout and baek In one hour. That irln created as inuchexeUe incut along the river at that time as did the faiimus Albany expedition last winter, and Ice boais immediately came Into demand James Henry Eyllngc of New Pnltz, hurried one to completion, getting it ready for use in the winter ol IbbO. It was immediately placed upon the Ice, when Mr. Eytlnge and Mrolnms—the latter the present Mayor of Poughkeepsie— got into it to take u ride. After being out a short time a sudden flaw of wind struck the cratt, driving her ahead like lightuin-. Ihe helmsman, wishing lo turn her lu her course, put the helm down, when the vessel whirled about with such violence a< to hurl Mr. Imiis from the deck* out on to Hm Ice a uieat distance. TLe Mayor well remembers that that was his last Ice-boat ride. Previous lo ISST, one or two of the Inhabi tants of Glascoe, a little town twenty-four miles north of this city, on the west bank of lljeHudton, also constructed au ice-boat, which soon became noted for speed, and which was soon patterned after by Morton <fc Edmonds and William Stranahan, of Athens, opposite Hudson. To be sure there were ice-boats existing all this time at other points along the Hudson, but they wcreonly in a primitive state—the same as can now be seen at Sing-Siug, Pcokskill, Tarry town, and other places. All ofthe above boats were roughly constructed, the owners never enter taining the Idea of holding on to them for future amusement. We may add to them, also, two boats which were owned by O. 11. Booth and Aaron Inuis, the one owned bv the latter being made of the deck-boards of the sloop John Cocks, together with a scow shaped iec-bcat. owned by a Mr. Elmcmlorr, formerly Cuptaiu of the steamboat r-ania Claus. Ice-boats cost from sls to SSOO each. When we mention the sls boats we refer to those of onr feCuOol-boy days, onilt ofremso boards with three shilling skate runners, using bent nails thrown awjiy by carpenters. Fornalis wc hud recourse lo the sheets and pillow cases at home, always returning them how ever dirjy they might get. The SSOO ice-boat is the one of the present day, built triangu lar in shape, with beautifully painted deck and moldings, wire rigging, A No. 1 duck for sails, brats elects and blocks, lull sets of colors, splendid spars, booms, bowsprits, Polished steel runners, buffalo robes, &c. Each boat weighs from S9O to 1,000 pounds, and all iec-hoats arc able to beat two points closer to the wind than sail vessels on water. The Poughkepsle Jlce-Bout Association Is composed of gentlemen of wealth and standing, and all residents of Poughkeepsie except one, Mr. Irving Grinnell, of New Hamburg. The Commodore is O- 11. Booth, Ee-q., a gentleman of much Influence and au ardent admirer of this peculiar winter sport. The following are the names ofthe vessels belonging to the Association and their own ers : Actne. Omur. liesilcsg Commodore O. 11. Booth. 'dele John Kos-'reli.. *V cl:c U. Baoih. K ,,a Aaion Inms. \ errer Edward limls. }p :s ***- Floy Johasion. M-noe-lia-t-a r. John-tun. Snow* lake rhos. Parish. Haze... Aaron In tits. Flying Cloud. Irving Grinnell. The quickest time yet recorded by any of the above named ve*s*els, or any other vessel of Hie kind in the world, was made by the Srow-Flakc last winter, going north from Newburgh dock, with wind bn the beam, the vessel running at that lime nine mile* in evjht mii.utes ! This winter the sport Is to assume a more substantial form. At a meeting of the Asso ciation on Saturday, it was determined that on some day to be decided upon this week, all Hie vessels owned by the Association shall eitcr into a contest fur superiority. The prize will be a costly and elegant service of Hlver, appropriately engraved. The dis lance to be u ‘JO mile dash and return. Who ever wins the prize must be ready to sail for its retention at least twice before the season is ended. At the conclusion of the first race n grand dinner is to be partaken off on the ice. at w hich all the delicacies of the season will appear, and to which numerous dis tinguished public men are to be invited. Throe vessels of the Poughkeepsie Ice-Boat fleet went to New Hamburg yesterday on an exploring expedition. Seven members of the Ice Boat Association accompanied th.- vessels. No trial of speed was made, as the Ice South Is tilled with hummocks, dint ledges and boulders. The vessels were the Icicle, Snow-Flake and Haze. One dash of two mQes was made in one and a half min utes. Incident* in the Career of Greatrex* the Fugitive Forger from* Scotland—Tiie JPuihuu and Capture— lll* Ucllgloun Convictions and fexertious in New York, The Glasgow ZfcraW of a recent date gives some curious particulars respecting the an tecedents of Greatrex, the photographer, who was recently arrested In New* York on the charge of having been the principal in the late extensive forgery of -hank notes In Scotland. He was known In Glasgow.” says our contemporary, 44 as an active mem ber of the Plymouth Brethren.” In this circle he frequently preached, and is said to have converted some well-to-do citizens,who arc now zealous in the faith. The talent which be possessed for this kind ofbarangne was strikingly exhibited on the occasion of Pritchard’s execution, when mounting a rostrum erected near the Green railing about three o’clock in the morning, be sought to improve the coming spec tacle to the assembled multitude. The same ostentations display of piety led him to ex hibit a series of boards bearing scriptural ex hortations, such os appear on the walls of schools. In the show-rooms of bis photo graphic establishment: and his studio also was well supplied with books of a religious character. Added to a very prepossessing appearance bis gentle and dignified manner was well calculated to gain for him the favor able regard of those with whom be came in contact. In short, he possessed all those graces of person and manner which, emoloy ed only as a mask for hypocrisy and deceit, make a man one of the moat dangerous enemies to society. ■Whatever fears Greatrex may have at first entertained as to his apprehension, he had evidently adopted the belief latterly that his plars toontwltthcamhoritics had been com* pletcly successful. Accordingly we find from a letter which has Just been received from the bank clerk who went to America along- with Superintendent McCall, that he bad commenced operations as a preacher and revivalist in New York and Its neighborhood, and had seemingly at tained to a measure of popularity which was denied him In this coun try. It wonld appear that after his arrival in America, Mr. M’Call advertised in the New York Herald for a first-class photo grapher, the advertisement being worded in such a way as was thought most likelv to attract the attention of the person “want ed.’* Among other replies to the advertise ment’ was one which, from Its guarded tone and the character of the handwriting, Mr. M’Call believed to be from Greatrex. This letter appears to have communicated the address, and the clue thus gained was at once followed up. . Mr. M’Call, with one of the New York detectives and the bank clerk, who knew Greatrex by sight, went on an early morning to a German lager beer saloon, commanding a view of the boarding honso in which Greatrex was supposed to have taken np his quarters. Several hours passed away with no result; but they were by and by rewarded by seeing Greatrex and the young woman who went after him from this country pop their heads onto? the win dow .as a band of music passed alon"- the street. The officers walto3 until Greatrex quitted the house for an afternoon stroll, when they fallowed him. He had taken 00* his beard and whis kers, acd wore his hair after the manner of the Yankees; bat notwithstanding this UTISTEB SPORTS. Ico-Boating; on the Hudson. A FOIIGER'S ADVENTURES. f From the 27ew York Herald, -January 9.J change in bis appearance, the bank clerk at onceldentified him. The American detec tive then came forward- and quietly slipped his arm within that of Greatrex, accosting him byname, while Mr. McCall took him by the otherorm, and the trio walked in the most fiicndly way along the street. Gnea t'ex did not speak for some time, but when addiesscd by the bank clerk be started, his face became flushed, and he affected not to know the person who was speaking to him. As we have already hinted, Greatres had so improved the shining hour In America as a picacher and icvlvsßst, that at the time of his apprehension, bis settlement over a Bap tist church near New York was considered an extremely probable matter. He occupied fJJ c of the New York pulpits id place of the ni™,* , Adams, who appeare to have been S'jartjrltU b ‘ n, » nD fl recommended him os S-wn wii«iPi al ?v 10 a . congregation out of \vu£ ttd been deprived of Its spiritual mnnllnllMl, 1 ViCW tO SCCUfC this appolut* UJ: l innl n nr ll fiiSl? 9 V• Greatrex had labored lor lour or five days in the neighborhood of the vacant church, where a great work of re vival was going on. nc also turned his Ul- ? r :{® account hi seeking to convert his fellow 1. dgers in the boarding house. Upon this points writersoys: “fknew ninstor those in his lodging. 11c wan there very busy In what he called the Lord's work. Tho lady of the bouse, aged about sixty, I think, he hud been very anxious about, ami hud marked a number of juissoges In her Bible, and renamed often on others. Ho prayed regularly In the house, and altogether was vyry good. Orcatrcx told that he wus ;i vie* lifn—u sort of martyr for others. However. nnm> here who knew him would believe a word he says." A VILLAINOUS SITILJIE. Attempt to tllnw up a U liolp Mrlek Block— Flflr lil»r« Kiiduiiurmk o<c P fl <Mo.> Union, Juonarr «.] Mr. John Demond It tlio turner ami part oeeupiint of a brtek block nil Up- earner of I. Third NrcotA, In this eltv. Tim raoiim on Hu-ground llanr are occupied u< More reams, up Alatra Mr. Demaml tm* hi* rcMder.ee, amt vmtaii* other parties Imvo ontccH unit Meeplng rooms. The roam next 10 Mr. UeimimPß drug Atom, (the earner room,) Ia occupied hv iAnne UiMcntlial a* a drygoadA ilnre. piiuday evening, abaiiL eight or nine a clack, Mr. Ocmand wua In he alley In the rear of lila hnltdlng, ami raw the Hghl of a burning candle In Hie store of Homillml, fills was nmisual n»r Hmuluv evening, nml excited Mr. Do iiiond's AiiApielans Hint all naa nat 1 • . »'> I*lo rear door, tm attempted to (orre an etilmtice, but it wan bnrreit and Immovable. He then looked In at a window and could see tionnamtlieAtoro. Warn Hie cellar of Mr. Ueummpß •torn ll ero Ijadoareunnuetlng with the cellar of Mr. tiorcnllinl. Mr. Hctnomi, by (his cnlrame J-n. iilnrnl within icm'li nfu lrn|i i|.. llr | L ., lt |T Inn In tin r.mm alm.o, Ttilw lie ri'ri'l'il , K i , i i"" " ii»l>|*i’rt with r_Mlt.ni. 11. l.lnrrd lI|W.M n kr t Ml r. Thr |mw ilrf liml lii itl .I'lliil.li’il tl|nin Him hrir. 1 Mr. lii'iiiMinr* yrrlvnl wh tmi.t ni.inirtiini-. 11 1. /! "'P f""'''“'ini'ida would Imvo .ulllr.Vd Ji ii A™", 1 OiPi-nn.llp 1.. Imvo rrarli. hiiiiiloi'ii ' l|1 ' 1,111 * lO ‘"ii.dimiiiWß inn lm llr.Ulri.nir fnmlly „r Mr. Dumuiid, nlgoii hif In tlio n.onni linmodlnudy niinvn tiiu .imiu nr Uii>iiiii inl. Hi, to wmii utlmriuir- Aona In the building, lo the nun her of thirty or tarty, and the explosion would probably have riMiilvd in tba draib of Hm whole. * Uj'iin the allldavll of. Mr. Ucnumd, setting b rtl. the mem, and also lha* “he has good reason to believe, and does believe, that Isaac Itosenthol, Levy, Anderson Hankins and F, P. rase are guilty of tbo onmee charged,'* a warrant was issued by lit i order Hawley, and two of the parties— Koscnthul and Levy—were arrested. Thu other two were not found—Hankins, who wu» a clerk In the establishment, left on Hie tram yesterday morning fur Savannah. The parties arrested were arraigned before the hecorder, as Examining Magistrate, and on motion of the Pr»,secntlqg Attorney, the ease was continued until to-day at two o’clock. As l here always are. In snch cases, a hun dred dillcrent stories were current on the streets, yesterday, showing the guilt of the parties arrested for the crime, but as they wcie so conflicting, it wa» impossible to get any one. fur which wc could And reliable an thority.we therefore give none.leaving to the examination of witnesses, to-day, the estab lishment of the guilt or innocence ofthe parties. That there has been a great crime com mitted, there can be no doubt; that a far more heinous one was intended, Is also trim * and that summary and severe punishment should he meted out to the guilty parties wlien committed, is just as certain. * Later.— The police who were sent in pur suit of llunkins and Case returned with them at a late hour last night. They were ar rested at Savannah. Hankins, when arrested, was aboard the train, and had purchased his ticket for this city. 31U1U)£B OX A STEAMBOAT. A Georgian Iflardcred for Wearing a Grey coat by a Honomanlac—Tit a Murderer Wounded. [From the Memphis Pa«t,- Jtcnary B.] .v most lamentable and demoniac mnrder occurred on ihe steamer T. L. McGill near New Madrid, Missouri, while on her way to this city, yesterday morning. It appears that an old man, named A. G. Wilson from Champaign County, Illinois, came onboard at Cairo, with a double-barrelled shot gun. During the evening a party 01 gentlemen had a game at cards, among whom was Mr Brown, a German, who bad on a grey coat* whom the party nicknamed “Reb.” The old man sat down beside them for a time, and watched them. He afterwards, in conversation with a yonn *- man, alluded to this “Reb,” and declared, somewhat excitedly, that the cabin was tall of rebels. There was no alter cation and all retircdapparcutly without ill feeling. Early the next morning the old man was heard praying most fervently in his state-room, and it is said for forgiveness for what he was about to do. Tula was about six o’clock, and the boat was at the wharf-bout at New Madrid, Jin. Mr. Wilson was seen to pass out ol the back door of his state-room and up the stairway to the hur ricane dick, with his gun in his hand. I recently Messrs. Brown and Langford, who had been talking in the front cabin mar the bar, came out and stood by the guards. The old gentleman standing over them on the hurricane deck stooped over and took deliberate a»m. and* flung, shot Mr. Langford, of Atlanta, Ga.. in the bead, killing him instantly. It- is thmittbt that he intended to shoot Str- Brown who hapni’y 3aw - t Le muzzle of the stepped back in season to save him ,J.* ,e wl,ole boat was at once alarmed and all in a state of wild excitement hurried hither and yon for safety. The old man ap peared frenzied and determined to shoot any body m hia reach. Mr. Brown borrowed a revolver and went up, called upon him to surrender, and fired several shots at Wilson, and wounded him slightly in the arm. He afterwards went up with the mate, and, drawing their pistols upon him, ordered him to surrender. He would not surrender, but would lay down his «mo if they would thclrplatolsia order to make a statement. While doing this, one of the mates from below succeeded in reaching up and seizing his weapon ; whereupon the old man ran upon Mr. Brown with threats. The latter then shot him in the right side, and he fell, probably, mortally wounded- He and the body ol Mr. Langford were placed in the hards of the Sheriff at New Madrid, and the McGill moved off. ’ Wilson had lost a son in the army daring the war, and wis on his way to the homo of another son in Arkansas. It Is probable that in brooding over the death of his son. be had become a monomaniac, and thought he was doing God service in killing the first rebel that he met. He had also, probably, be come frenzied with the !dc» that all upon the McGill were rebels. New Turk City. Mayor Hoffman, of New York, delivered his annual message last Monday. The following is a recapitulation of the del t of the city and county, which Is slated in detail in the message: rCHDED DLBT. . ci/jr. Amount payable from slpkin" fund |22,12V>H150 Amontit payable irom taxation 5.209.5C0.00 -5C0,6G3,0T5J» County. Amount payable from taxatlor. Total. ...........1..,.....,.,. SliU' 1 178 so TLe ComratsiODers of the a!ntxi:g fnnd bold on account of the above debt the sum of. H,2to 236. U Netamount city and county funded debt, December 31, IKC. t 30 1 20i r ST3^3 City..., County. Total temporary debt, city and Of tbeflmdcd debt, *10.782,800 is for tbs Croton Water Works, *0.923,571 for tbe Cen tral Park, and 514,445,000 for expenses grow mp out of the war. The funded debt has been reduced duringthe past year by *355,096 and tbe temporary debt by *1,650,700. and tbe revenues for the payment of the portion payable from tbe sinking fund are so much in ekeess 0 f what are needed that the accu mulations for tbe payment of the princiual will be sufficient to pay it long before its ms. tnnly. Tbe are per cent stocks and bnndsof the city command a ready sale at par, and the seven per cents sell at a handsome pro mium. c . T he l“* L e TL& r 18CC was being sl,-03,184.0S less than that 0f1565. At the same time the rate of taxation, which m Ibto was 5-. SO on the hundred dollars, has been reduced to 52J». The following table compiled from the message, gives the rates of taxation on the hundred dollars in sev eral cities; Ss? T«k. $2.30 1 Rochester. Philadelphia 4.00 Utica Brooklyn 3 *U ? Albanyl^i Syracuse 8.731 Troy T..... Destructive lire at Grass Lake, 3Uchi- [From the Jackson (ilichi ? an) Citizen, January 7.J About half past twelve o’clock on Friday morning lßßt,the most destrnctlre fire that has visited Grass Lake in twenty years broke oot in the block on the comer of Main and Lake streets, in the rear of the ctore occupied by ira Barber. • The tire communicated to the furniture rooms of Cyrus Cowdeo..the store house of Smith, Shellv & Co., the grocery and provision store of Watkins & Chapman and ibcn to the Snorter office, which was In the second story of the corner store. Mr J C. Sqniers, the proprietor of the printing'of flee, who has but recently started In busl rfes?. and Mr. Barber, are the heaviest losers. Nothing was saved from the printing office. i., e rooms, or the warehouse. The* * Michigan Central wood house, which was immediately lu the rear of the fire, caught several times, but uras soon extinguished with pails. The total loss will nrobably exceed sl4 000; Insurance about $3,C00. The origin of the fire Is not certainly known,being attributed by some to an incendiary, and by others to a defective stove-pipe on Mr. Barber’s prem iscs. Mr. Barber had put away $1,300 in 7-SO bonds, in a glass jar for safe keeping, and in the hnrry and concision incident to the fire It was forgotten and destroyed. un ' 9 . The death or* Hawaiian author ia S. N, Haloolc, the anther of the story of LilcUa was published three Tears ago. died suddenly on the BSd of October, at EvraT Kta Hawaiian, he possessed rare literary (aleak .511.500,100.00 .5 2,T2C.*t0.00 . Su7,2i)U.CO 53.62 5.61 3.78 2JO