Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 12, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 12, 1867 Page 2
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Chicago DAILY, TEI-WEEKLT AND WEEKLY. OFFICE. Ko. 31 CIABK«ST> There are taree eamoua of tae Tbibpw* issued, in. .tvery moraine, for circulation toy earner*, newnmea and the man*. 34. The TKi-Wattt.T, Moadtja, Wed. oredaya and Fit day*, tot the mailt enfr; and Ut# Wexklt. on Thursdays, for the malls and sale at our coulter and hr newsmen. Terms ofthe Chicago Tribune: D*Uy delivered !n the city (per week) 8 S 3 “. ** “ *• (per quarter)....! 3.M Dilly. to man suhecrlbers (per asrom, paya-. he In advance) 12.00 Tri-Weekly. (per astius. payable in adman) S.flQ Weekly, (per anEmn,parsD'e fa advance) 2 00 Fractional parti of thß year at fhe same rates. IF* Person* remitting and ordering ore or more copies of either the Trl-Wetkly'or Weekly editions, may retain ten per cent of the subscription price as a commission. N ones to SmsexTSTßS.—ln ordering tl»e address ot yonr papers changed, to prevent delay, be sure and rpcvlty what edition yon take—Weekly. Tri-Weekly, or Hally. Also, give yonr pcbzxt and (ktnre address. tJT Money, by Draft, Expreas. Money orders, or in ’.ioctsteredLetters, may l*ea«ntatonr risk. Address, TUIODNE CO„ Chlcaaro, 111. SATURDAY. JANUARY 13, 1567. ntrjiuri.L, p&loigr, and the Civil, RIGHTS BILL. It becomes onr dnty to expose an at tempted fiaud upon the Legislature ani people of Illinois, which cannot fail t» bring its authors into a large raea«urc of public contempt. It has been declared fre quently during the past month that Senator Trumbull was not the author of the Civil Tights bill—that some Illustrious Individual iv ho was hiding his light under a bush.d wu- the real author of that measure—and that Judge Trumbull was robbing that un known individual of his just claims to great ness, ami riding Into the Senate on his merits. As tills statement did not make the profound impression on the public mind which had been anticipated, the docn nuiitary evidence which was supposed to prove it, was published a few days ago, in the form of :i letter from General John M. Palmer to Senator Trumbull dated Decem ber— The reader will mark the date. Thr letter Itself did not show that Senator Trumbull was heavily In debt to General Palmer for anything In the Civil Hlghts bill, ab.lmngb there wa§ a suggestion In it that an net of Congress should he pa«ed declaring “ nil persons of African descent born In the “ United Slates, or any of the Territories, “ <t In any place subject to the jurisdiction ; of the United Slates to he cUlrens.” This w;\c a very good suggestion* Attorney Oen •rol Hate? had delivered an opinion Iwu y< :>?? before, that Ihey were already eltUehs, end Mt. Hayniond* of S>tr Voile* hadronic tin!- 1 pr< rboiriy Introduced a bill lii Congress >b • i«! log them In lie ettlr.ens* !!■“ piddle wi'l he cut prised InlenrH that ’-re! Fulmer's leltef* euneePhliijf which it, ... I*»c I m-m so hlihdi politer, Wa* (Idled • lAmdiity 10, }ndd, M Ufid .-«• i «»f 'uri/erin.', /W/Mfr, Id, I«dd, VvooM/ m/ri'drnfd f be (Hhl /. -■ r i i,i/„ jlnh thtf/ uf Jtiwwtl, iwW, ■ Un>h>d /Ll frthp j. iiu/.i,,,, Tim altera hmof Dm dat» ■ ii. i.mr, u* pnhlisped, from ‘‘January i" •' t-» “ ULitiohtr ss-, M was aUlmramU i..i > ~r a i.ogoiy. Wo do not think It i.*ieii,l»f. Trmuhull bus Die Kii>-r in ilia possession. Thu letter Itself * *. iiis internal evidence that It was written ..iu. il.ti introduction of the Civil Rights 1-iil, as it contains these words: “I trust * .'■ urbill, to ir/if.-A I have t,een tehyjraphh . *</•« »*ro, in terms or iu legal effect repeals ■*t 1; i-.-c and similar laws.” Probably the ] who altered the date of the letter ..’.Lrloohi'd this paragraph when they pre ; :< d tire document tor the press. '-1 us sec now what was the charge against Senator Trumbull. It was that lie bad unjufuly deprived some mcri u riourt person of the credit belonging to the authorship of the Civil Rights BUI, The charge turns out to be false. The facts pr- vcJliat that other person, or somebody i' r b:ui, not duly tried to steal the credit uay from Judge Trumbull, and appropriate ii u> himself, bat altered the dale of a doc un.int, and published it with the altered cate, for the purpose of carryingout the fraud. If General Palmer did not do these iliimrs himself, (and wc can scarcely be lieve that be did), hewas certainly aware o ili-ir bcMg done. He was also the beneficiary of the fraud, if any benefit should accrue from it. Vet be interposed no objection. Tbc public will he apt to draw tbc Inference th.il a mau may be a soldier without being a gi i.{lonian. Truth compels us to say that we have nev er known or beard of a Senatorial election !r=u\c in Pennsylvania,) where such disrepu table means were employed to elect or dc 1' .ii a particular candidate, ns In theouenow p, i.ding in Illinois. The people will infalli bly mark those who resort to such base prac ilics. A lair contest fortbe Scnatorship is one thing. A swindle is another thing. We have avoided taking cognizance of the mat* Ur longer, perhaps, than we ought, think ing that the triumph of correct principles and common morality had been amply se cured in the November election. Qeace f« Tib we tball take nothing for granted. Wc ri;all c.\iK)j?e fraud, meanness, hypocrisy, tivjchery and falsehood wherever wc find ili> ni. whether the perpetrator be hluh or low, rich or poor. Republican or Democrat. M v.m: jaoteson’s i.eitkr, v,'c publish this rooming a letter addressed : :ic Hon. J. A. Jameson, of the Superior < to the Hon. C. B. Lawrence, of tbc .-upT.no* Court, upon the subject of the wit of the Legislature to caUta convention i‘» revise theConstitulion.except In the man ner so'cif.cd in the Constitution Itself. Judge .hune-on has recently published a very ;t’ lr j,d very valuable work upon conven tion-. Statu and National, and has given the -n’-U-ct a very careful examination; and though Ins ronclusioDß unon this particular i i lot <li;!erfrom those which have from time 1.; tpresented In the Tninrxc, wc .-K ii ; M- b-tter a careful porural. In the -■ .rdi fi r truth, the honest inquirer will iilv.nvf ic aided in his investigations by hear- •’udue Jameson Is of the opinion that if lb,- L', etrialure were to call a Convention except in the manner specified In the Consti tution, the proceeding would be illegal and revolutionary, only justifiable or excusable in those pressing emergencies when revolu tion becomes necessary ; and such an emcr lo m y he does not tliiuk exists nl lids time. V> tint is it that It is proposed tha*. the Legis lature shall do ? Th*» Constitution provide* that when- ver two-thirds of all the member* (1 both brambis of the Legislature shall i!c< m it advisable, they shall recommend to Do- p, of the Plate to vole, at the next } ’«• nial eb t Don foe members of the General A- • mfily, for nr against ft Convention tore- %i-" ;*ini amend the Slate Constitution 5 ami : t < . a*** Urn Minjiir’ily onim.ep Voting Tor tnnm -1.. , t ..r Un> (iniernl Assembly shall also vnli- In lnuir nf nub Cniivmilloti, then the MCleh ■ nil .V'MtiMv fdiaH, nl Kudf tievl FoAlolt, <-il n<• t»Hmi* u Wo rend tMs fta nil llu -1 < i«iho n»mi»iiitnl ll{>«»n iljo jji»f:i«ldlure In < .>ll mi-Ii rnMvi<hUim when Hid nmJ'iHfy of jii. j>< oplo littvo voted therefor, lutt Judge l .liM c.ij Hill’k' Hmy Hill have I'.r- (||?= .m to ii'iiy j‘*im 1 10 donmol. The prop* »i,i.l, .imfyn .Ipiiii'tomlpi'lili’p In be .. vuli.tUi ms in ih rli'i|io<h<r b>, that Pm i-i • M by h voio oi iwodblrd* •.I ilni im iiilt.TD of li'Mll Hollaed, ulull r«>i t .'ii.immi in Urn qualified voioreoftha Hhife in \i>i<i Htuii cUelbm to bo liol'l for Pint I.m i.ufc, in A|hU, IKtii, upon llm question nt ( (invention *.r no Convention, amt for the t iniinii ol delegates to said Convention ; ami in ru?e a majority of the votes at said (Ui tion P all he In favor of the Convention. i;,ut then the delegates shall meet at u time t>i he fixed uirt proceed, as Is usual In said I...diet-*; hut if u majority shall vote against tniil Conventual, then there Trill he till cod of the mutter. In order to understand where such a pro* eroding a- thb becomes revolutionary It is only i.ccctffary to mark wherein It differs from the proceeding directed by the Consti tution, to which Judge Jameson insists that safety requires us to adhere. Uoth plans require the preliminary rccotn memlutlon hy two-thirds of all the members of both branches of the Legislature; thcCon stitutii'iial plan provides that the vote thus recommended shall take place tn November, IS'.S ; Ihe other ptan that this vole shall lake place in April, IS*h. The difference is in point of time; the revolutionary feature of the provision is that the lime of voting by ihc people upon the question of having a Convention, Is changed from November, t'ios to April, 1&I7. Upon this point Judge Jaroe sen in his letter,and Inins valuable hook, • •ives two instances and historical precedents where Constitutions provided particular dates at which alone they could beamended. era! which Conventions could be called to amend them, and where the people utterly disregarded these Constitutional limitations as to time, either of month, year or decade, when they thought conventions were ncces tjiry, called them through the legislature. Here wc have two cases where the depar. lure from the Constitutional mode, la point of lime, was as revolutionary as is that pro posed in the present instance. The two plans propose that the decision of the question, whether a convention shall be held, tlnll be submitted to the popular vole; bnt the two plans differ as to the effect of that vole. The Constitutional plan (wc call it by that name, to distinguish It ficm the olherjprovl'ies that the legislature thall. if the majority of the popular vote be in favor of tb«- convention call such conven tion. We do not understand as Judge Jam c-£oo does, that there any discretion left in Ite legislature to calf the convention or not, after the people hare voted for It. Thelan guage is plain and direct. Both plans provide that the question shall be determined by the popular vote ; the only thing essential one way or the other is tbo decision of the people. Thai decision is I -•final which ever way it la made. The rote I of the majority In favor of the convo'ctlon Is really and legally the'call for tVe conven tion ; It receives no sanction from any sub- ’ sequent action of the Legislature, because It ' Is in Itself a bonstltrillobM maudatoTlo the Legislature which they are not' at liberty to disregard. The revolutionary part of this proceeding thetefbre consists In the Legisla ture providing, In-advance of the popular ; decision, lor the formalities of the conven tion, while, according to the other plan, those formalities onght to fol ' low the decision. That. ls'all the dif ference between, the two plans, upon this •polot. I ; The entire difference between the modes of .proceeding, therefore. Is narrowed down to the question of time when the popular de cision shall bo taken, and whcthcrfche Legis lature may order an election of delegates contingent upon the decision ofthe majority upon calling a convention. IT we under stand Judge Jameson correctly, these two points of difference render the proposition nqw made a revolutionary proceeding. We haVc two precedents for an utter disregard of-a constitutlonallimttation as to the time of ordering a convention, of taking the pop. ular vote thereon, of electing the and of holding the conventions. Who ques tions the legality of the Constitutions of In diana or Massachusetts? Who will question the legality of a like proceeding In Illinois? There are numerous precedents where State Constitutions have provided a specific mode of amcndlngthcsarac, but were wholly silent upon the subject of Conventions. The Leg islatures of these States, utterly Ignoring the specified modes of amending their Com siitutlous, submitted the question to the people whether there should be conventions or not; and, backed by the popular will, have ordered conventions which made new constitutions in nttcrdcOance ofthe consti tutionally prescribed mode of proceeding. Judge Jameson thinks the action in all these Stales legal and not revolutionary, while for our State to have a Convention two years in advance of the time specially provided, or to provide for the election of delegates con tingent upon the people endorsing the Con vention, I?, he thinks, revolutionary. We differ from Judge Jameson, with all re spect, for . evcral reasons. We believe that the object and Interest of the Constitutions of all the Plates In the restrictions upon the Legislature in fhe matter of amending the Constitution, Is to retain, as exclusively nv possible, the power of amending the organic law, iu the hands of the people. Their consent, to he ascertained by their voles directly given upon the subject, is made the grand essential Id ell proceedings looking to a Cohteii*’ liott; All other things are matter of detail, ‘in no way Bllbellng tch popular freedom or elu.iee lit Hie hmttnfi Any pt-olmsllioh iu hold a Convention without (he pievimia as sent and older or the people, would be revolutionary j till! the popular wi'l having been expressed, the violation of mere foim I* not revolution, We dlller from him upon oilier grounds, hut peiih.'uliirh f'orthe rcß?ou§ MiggeMed a fhw dwve ngo, hy our corespondent “ .1, V. Dhri the uuilmm rule, ponflrnmd by reputed dtrispjpa ofour own i?upr«ma Court, fr, tlmt .hi' l.cgUMuro of a fit«tui-Au puastMiylaw not prohibited hy IU own Constitution and that of the United .Slates ; and beyond Urn limitations and restrictions contained in these. Constitutions, it is absolute, omnipo tent, and uncontrollable as a Parliament. The rule that the expression of one thing is the exclusion or another, docs not apply to the quasi sovereign power of a State ; and there being no prohibition In the Constitu tion upon the Legislature submitting at any time the question of calling a Convention and the election of delegates, to the decis ion of the i»cople at the polls, they have that power as clearly and as unquestionably as they have any other power. TIIE PEOPLE AND TIIEIK LEG IS- LATOUEi No one endowed by nature with the principles of common honesty believes that members of the Legislature can disregard the instructions of their constituents on the Senatorial question, without a gross viola tion of personal faith and honor. They cannot do so, because they accepted the nomination for the places they occupy, at the bands of Conventions which declared that they wanted Mr. Trumbull re elected to the Senate; and to accept a nom ination under such circumstances, was a positive personal pledge to support Mr. Trumbull—a pledge as blndlug upon a man of truth as though it had been reduced to wilting and bad received their autograph signatures in the presence of witnesses, and been legalized with a Government stamp. Aud the people will so regard it, and will hold their representatives to a strict accountability in this matter. And the mau who accepted a nomination for the Legislature under the circumstances we have described, and shall now do otherwise than keep bis pledge, will forfeit all claims to be regarded as a man of his word, and will, by his own voluntary act, invite the male dictions of his constituents and the scorn and coutenipt of all honorable gentlemen. He will come forth from the halls of legisla tion with a brand on his forehead, and a slain on his reputation that repentance can not efface. Yet men who claim to know right from wrong arc said to be urging members to believe that their pledges arc nugatory. In employing such an argument, these men in effect say to the member whom they ap proach : “We believe that you arc a scoun drel; that yon aro destitute of any claim “to the confidence reposed in yon by your “ constituents. Among the numerous Rep “ rcsentatives who have been sent to Spring “ field wc select you as a base man. If the “Almighty can write a legible hand we “ know your true character. It Is true you “have been instructed to do so ani so, and “that you virtually agreed to do so. But “we waul you to violate your instructions “and your word.” Wc have no hesitation in saying that the mau who persuades a elerk to rob his employer, in the hope of profiting by tbe crime, is engaged in an enterprise just ns honorable as arc the men who arc trying to persuade members of the Legislature that they can violate a pledge given to their constituents without a surrender of their honor. And, to carry the comparison further, the future political prospects of the members who yield to such sophistry, If nuy shall yield, will lie just ns good as would be the chances of the clerk nho should rob his employer, of receiving future protection and employment nl bis bands. Sophistry may blind Individuals fortbe lime, but they will not deceive the people; and motives less honor able than mere stupidity will certainly be imputed to such ns shall betray them. We Imre made these comments with no (ears tlmt John Wentworth and Ids eo- laborers will seduce any considerable num- ber of representatives from keeping Ibelr plighted faith, or tlmt Mr, Trumbull will •ml receive the re-election ho Ims si Hißlly enriicd hy hi? grenl nhllllle? ns it sl«(e*mnn and Ills milllnohlllg fidelity l«i tt»*‘ loynt t-ntly of the imHoii, The tneudiudl) nlid nieaiitiepß toHldeh Ids enemies result, prove Hint thelfs I* n losing game. Thu*, tl Is Alleged Hint he Hied |o defVrtf Hie Clvl Itliild# Hill, when nit Hie world hno*s Hint in' has lli>> millmf'irilml great mertrihe=Hm Moilmi c/mm'M ol Hie colored men of Hit* eonntry«Mtnd Hint tin passage through iho HoliAtu over the vein of Andrew Johnson was due nndidy to Ids alo. quint nod powut fill advocacy, The people w ere much iu doubt roiuwrning the status of the Henato before this great triumph was achieved. Thu Senate had reinsert to pass tlio Freedmen's lliircau Hill over the veto: aiiil certain {senators had apparently ful lowed the President too fur to recede easily from the perilous course on which they bud entered. It was in tills un certain condition of the public mlud, this period of Aar that the people would be betrayed In the Senate, that Mr. Trumbull by his statesmanship, his courage, eloquence and perseverance, won that first great vic tory over the apostate President, and taught him that there was a power in the land be fore which oven the Executive must bow. It was the turning point in the struggle not yit ended, between a treacherous and usurping President and the loyal men of the nation, and it paved the wav lor the crowning victory of che pcopl e at the ballot-box in October and November. It sent a thrill of joy and hope through ev ery loyal heart, and earned con«teruation to the ranks of the reviving rebellion. To say that Mr. Trumbull attempted the de feat of this hill, is to utter a rnWhocd too glaring to deceive any o, »e. Illinois is justly proud of the distinc tion conferred upon her by the statesman ship of Lyman Trumbull, and the people will not readily see a man so faithful to their in terests, so eminent In ability, and so expe rienced in legislation, thrown overboard to gratify the malice or ambition of any sot of politicians. ATV OBFI SCAXI£I> <SOVEHNOR, Governor Patton, of Alabama, has made on extraordinary record on the ques tion of the Constitutional Amendment, in a very short lime. A few days before Con gress met, be seat his regular message to the so-called Legislature, In which he took strong ground against the Amendment, and recommended its rejection. Congress met and the Territorial proposition seemed to open the Governor’s eyes. At any rate, within a very few days subse quent to sending his first mes sacc, he sent a second, in which he earn estly called the attention of the Legislature to the Amendment, and substantially its adoption as necessary to the preservation of the State. It was at once telegraphed overtbe country, of course, that be was In favor of the Amendment, and had recom mended Its ratification. Immediately after- wards, however, the Governor or his friends caused it to be telegraphed as extensively over the country that ho was not In favor of the Amendment, and had not recommended ’Ui ratification. In the face of his special mfcsfage, the Legislature promptly and with great unanimity rtjected the Amendment, whereupon the Governor made them a speech, congratulating them on their action in’thc matter, and declaring that the people -would sustalu them In it. The Governor was noxt heard of, vibrating between Now York and Washington, with a view of ascertain ing whether, if Alabama should ratify the Amendment, she would bo admitted to the without further conditions, andap 'j>arently ready to give some sort of an assurance that she would or might be in duced to adoptlit,if .certain of Immediate admission. We now havea speech from the .Governor, delivered Iff Alabama, in which hesays he Is opposed to the Amend ment, bnt Is In favor of Us adoption. He also says his opinions, t expressed In his special, message, were ‘the same as he an nounced In his regular message, but that the “developments were different”—that ho did not recommend the adoption of the Amendment, but called on the Legislature to “look the situation square in the face.” Nevertheless he docs take ground in favor of Us ratification, not because it is right or just, for he thinks It is neither, but because the South has been conquered and must take such terms as her conquerors prescribe. Altogethertbc Governor’s course would lead to the belief that he is as much In the dark as the public as to what be really wants, or believes in relation to the Amend ment. We doubt whether Congress will pay much heed to a statesman of this descrip tion. Kf* The Common Council last night, by a small majority, refused to allow the people of Chicago to vote on the question whether they would undertake to supply themselves with gas, either before or after an official in vestigation ofthe economical features of the business. This was a most extraordinary vole. It was a vote In favor of the gas mo nopoly. and against the people. Such a vole is .entitled to small consideration by the 1 Legislature, and if it bo not rescinded by some further action on the part of the Connell, we shall unhesitatingly recommend to the Ant!- Monopoly Legislature of Illinois to pass the bill. Failing in that, wo shall urge the people to moke the gas question an Issue In the coming municipal election, and fight It mil till democratic principles and popular rights are vindicated In this matter. A petition In favor ofthe bill, signed by fifteen hundred ofthe heaviest tax-payers abd bu?l- ness men lullie city, was presented to the Council* and received no more consideration ou the pari of the tnajurily than so mueli bioWti najif-l; {s?'* A lefr weeks since the Western Assoeh tried Ph ss made certain demands upon tin* New Vork A'soelafed the?«, which were, In ?nh?hii!ii', lh«( Urn two Assnelftilons should heieMier e*hri on lends of equality, Of eoiMpe there were UnMiMirtl numhep of pen pie in Dm WHofii Arsoctiried who had never le*en am) to wlmm Him Inn silhdi to Dm enmlMhm of was 100 Midden ami abrupt (orDminuoral wimDiii* Dona, Tlo-y huranm naturally alarmed at Dm proßjmui of having a sfutua and n voire In Dm managument of tlmfr own lalo» graph news, Tailirr tlun ho somehudy they would light it out on that lino and dio iu the lust ditch. Well, they resitted as long ns they could, hut the thing for which the Western Associated Press contended has been accomplished. They have been pulled out of the ditch, washed and sot In a perpen dio. tor attitude In spite of their struggles. The> .»rc to bo commiserated ceitainly. WISCONSIN. A Lively Time at the Capital. Organization of the Legislature— The Contest for Speaker. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] Mad isos, Wis., January 11, ISG7. This city has two seasons of special life and activity. One in the warm aud leafy days of summer, when the denizens of more southern regions seek relief from their burn ing heats in the shadows of the groves by the margin of our lakes, and drives and hops are the order of the day; and the other in these mid-winter days when the representa tive men of the State assemble hero, and membersofthe Legislature, outsiders lobby ing in bcbalf of all sorts of measures, law yers pleading their cases before the courts, nod a sprinkling of public men and politi cians oral! sorts crowd our hotels aud board ing houses. The simultaneous assembling of tbc Legislature and sitting of the Supreme Court of the State and of the United States DlslrictCourt has drawn hither an unusually large number of people from all parts of the State this week, and wo have had a very lively time of it. The Legislature Is ntJVv tally organized and most of the disappointed applicants for places In ms gift have left. Their numbers arc larger than ever, for while placc-scckore were never more numerous, the number of ollicers and employes of the Legislature was, by a law of last winter, reduced more than one half. In the distribution of positions, the soldiers who vindicated the honor of the State on so many fields, were fully recog nized, more than two-thirds of the oflicere, Including most of the higher ones, haying been given to gallant men who have worn the blue. The details of the organization, including the action of the Kepuollcan cau cuses and the names of the p i iclpal ap pointees, have been f irwatded tojyou by tel egraph and need not be repeated here. The selections are, in the main, excellent, aud such ns will give satisfaction, though, as ollen happens in such cases, the best man did not always win. The contest for the Speakership between Messrs. Barron and Cameron was one of the sharpest that has ever taken place here, aud the result utterly unexpected by the defeated candidate and his friends, his rc-numlnation having been generally considered a foregoue conclusion up to the coming together of the Assembly here on Tuesday, and. indeed, was so confidently claimed up to the evening of the caucus, that quite a little sum of money was wagered by those who are inclined to back ibetr opinions in tlmt wav. When it was found how great strength Mr. Cameron developed, influential men were sent for in various directions to prevent, if possible, his success, but iu vain. Various elements cn- icrcd into the contest, and all Forts of arsru inents and Influences were brought to hear on both sides, but the railrojd Issue was the chief one. Last winter Mr. Cameron was one of the most earnest and persistent advocates of such legislation ns would place limits to the charges of the railroads for freight and pas* senders, and, to a certain extent, regulate their maimer of doing business. This, of course, aroused the active opposition of the tnllrond lobby, nnd scviml men connected tilth leading railroads were here at work against him. He was also understood to he opposed to the schemes of consolidation re ferred to in the Tiiinujfß of yesterdar, which was another reason for active clT»rt against him In certain near tors. Ills p rdllou on these questions, however, enlisted for him the active support of IleptcsentaUvcs fresh fiom’the people who came lie re untrammelled by pledges to tiny one else, and who were do terinlrcd in do all In their power against monopoly nnd consolidation. The vote was very close on (he Informal ballot in the He iMibilean caucus.—tHtnUd,—hut qiittca num ber who had promised to vole for Mr. Harron, considering their obligation di?eliargeu by I tie cheap eoinjmiiUMit of n vote on a ballot which Would tint decide llie tnmt million. Went on the heal for Mi. Cameron, giving him fUMyriwo (o Thai slmdowy instllultoh. whicli hits so many slim lo answer tor, nnd lo which such mighty Itn ilucncc over the aifatr« of the mala Is sdma* times ascribed, the “MailUoii Heuenoy, M U eluirgid wilti (he chief responsibility fbr Dm ifatill, Mr. Cameron Is a el«ar«imtidud law* yerol ability, much beyond IliaHveiagoof men Pln’lni to Dm tmulslature, a nun of pme rhanu ter ami tried Integrity, of rad* leal llet.ntdican Jaitli, earneslinhlsAtvoeaey oj what he believes to he right, a genial fenibnittii, has hud experience in both tranches of the Legislature, and will make a ready, ithlc ami Imparltul presiding officer. It Is too early to speak conlldontly of the characterofthe Legislature Just assembled, lint it la composed of a Hue looking body of men, who will doubtless care forlho Inter ests of the State as well as their predecessors and, it is to be hoped, wot devote quite so much time as the last Legislature to special legislation. Things have not run quite so smoothly at the opening as sometimes, part ly because so many of those appelated to care for the machinery of the Legislature arc new men, and partly bccau3c, w afler Itself 1 having a much larger number of officers and employes than was necessary, the last Legls | laturc by law reduced the force of legislative I attendants so much that U isdlfQcultto keep | the wheels tunning without friction. The Governor’s message, which was read yesterday, was a very complete statement of the condition of the Stale and its various Interests, nnd in many respects, is one of the best ever delivered by a \\ i-consin Governor, Those passages in which he treated of na tional affairs, advocated the adoption of the Constitutional Amendment and the securing of Impartial loyal suffrage in Die South, and declared that the time had conic for doing right and rendering justice, were most wmmly applauded. The tirst business of any Importance will be the election of a United Slates Senator. Fortunately we arc not distracted bore by the divisions as to mca, which eslit in some other States. TVe have a Senator whom all Union men implicitly trust who has been found faithful in all circumstances, to whom there arc no rivals,—Timothy O. Howe, for whose rcnominatlon many ot the Represen tatives come here directly instructed and pledged. There is a general disposition, in order to honor him os highly as possible, and make the endorsement of his general course most emphatic, to go into Joint Con vention at the appointed time, and re-elect him without the formality of a caucus. There is very little that needs to be done by Urn Legislature, and no reason why the session should be a long one, though it will probably last, as usual, till plowing time. The principal matters to be attended to are the latlficatlon of the Constitutional Amend ment ; Die tax laws,a complete and thorough revision of which has been prepared by a Commission which has been engaged at the work mucii of the time since “the adjourn ment ol the last Legislature; and the diffi cult and almost impossible task of meeting Die demand of the people for some legisla tion which, without doing injustice to any one. shalj protect the people from oppres sion by railroad, or other powerful corpora tions. The State institutions ore to bo pro vided for, and other minor matters will de mand attention, but all needed legislation can be cosily perfected in forty days, though it is not unlikely the session will continue twice that length of time. UobbAkon. EUROPE. Our Special Foreign Corres pondence. The Alahnmn Claims. The Boyal Commission on the Neu trality Lairs—Personnel of the Commissioners. Count. Bismark’s Speech in the Prussian Chambers. Deception of General Diz at the French Court, The Financial Condition of the Italian Kingdom. ODE LONDON LETTER, Tlic English Neutrality Laws—Howtho Alabama Claim la to be .1161!—The Com mission Which Is to Settle It—Names and Personnel of the Commissioners —The Law of Libel In England—The Cose of Dr. Hnnter and Bis Critics— The Fame of Chicago Abroad. [Special Correspondence ofthe Chicago Tribune.] London, England, December 30. The paragraphs in President Johnson’s message respecting the American claims for the damages wrought by the Alabama, have quickened our interest In the general sub ject, and, to-day, all the journals are writing about it. The Derby Government seem to have done nothing more than appoint fa Royal Commission, who arc to Inquire into the state and workings ofthe neutrality laws of this country, but upon that report a dif ferent course of action will take place. Out ol Fenfan circles, I suppose there are none iu America who dcs'rc to see Englaud positive ly humiliated. We were wrong In the Ala bama ease, but you will give us a bridge to come back by. If this Commission .reports in favor of such altcratiuu In our laws as will prevent the possibility of nuv further cases like those of the Confederate privateers, our statesmen tuny ficely say, that to prevent the appearance of merely selfish procedure, we will make atonement for the past and bring that Into the new system—always supposing the United Slates will act on the same understanding. For my part I I rust I’flHifltnetil will decide against ally nr- Idtialiun scheme* It is 100 bite now fbr [hat. Lei us pay Hie hill and start afresh. In the meantime, I think many readers hi the Wes) will like to know how the Commission leered io Is composed. So much depend, upon iheh report Dint the individual* who I'umpore the body are closely seruDulibni hy those who appietdale the Imporlanuo of Dm ihelslon, TrtMnif firs! (lie lawyers on Hi* (’ommU= *l'*n, one niiioV fiiPiiM-'ii ilrpi (ha itum» of Nir W, I'rlo, who fur iwem v yu-us tm* oviTM)tM)fil(6 (lupurinr Courts of luw, Jin is nearly seventy y»*ra of ago, ftiid Inti ju4 noirert fn 10 Urn bunch, but U folly phlo to nmUrtuku cut'll duller as Ibid Commission impose* upon him. Mr. Justine Erie is a sound, painstaking Judgo, free from strong political opinions, and possessing a good knowledge of civil law. It would be dlflicuU tossy to which party ho belongs even by sympathy, so colorless has his life been, apart from the scat of the Judge. So far as politics go, the same may be said of the sharp, erratic, irritable Judge Cromwell, who is on the Commission. So peculiar is this gentleman, that in Wales one day some jurors positively refuaid to proceed any further with him. One season he was in the pit of the Italian Opera House, aud acted so roughly in some “crush” of the fashionables, that he got into an altercation with a gentleman and received a Mack eye I There was no public exposure of this case, but the particulars oozed out, and the learned Judge’s temporary absence from court was a subject of general banter. 1 never heard that be had made international law a special study, but 1 can easily conceive lie is able to give a sound opinion upon it. Far more val uable a member Is the venerable Dr. Lnehington, who by sitting for many years in the Admiralty Court deciding disputes relating to ships, is com plete master of the marine law of every nation. For some years Dr. Lushing ton sat in the House of Commons as a Lib eral member. He is a mine of learning, and possesses eminently a calm and judicial order of mind. Ho Is extremely conscien tious, and, despite bis great age, gives to the subjects before blm the most complete ex amination and attention. Of Sir Roundcll Palmer, who was Attorney General dating the American rebellion, and upon whose advice, the late Government acted, it is Impossible to speak otherwise than with respect. As a man ho is most amiable and good; but throughout the whole proceedings in regard to tbc pirate ships, he displayed a melancholy weakness. His sympathies, I were with the North, and be spoke strongly of the Liverpool shipowners who were trying to bring tbe two nations into collision; but he was influenced by Lord Palmerston and the great families, and at last took up a position legally which he maintains to this day, and which is in oppo sition to tbc idea of any responsibility on our part for what was done. Sir Roundel! is a very religious mau of the PuscyUc school. He has published u collection of hymns; is a Sunday School teacher, and is more at home with the prayer-book than Blackslonc. But he is an able speaker, and now that Sir Hugh Calms is removed fiom Parliament, the Tories have no one who can meet him. On the Commission, Sir Ronndcll may be in favor of altering our laws ns they exist; but lie will not allow that they were not observ ed In the post; while his rival just named, Sir Hugh Cairns, now a Judge, and who Is to consider the subject with him, was such a fanatical adherent of the Con federates, that he was constantly attacking Lord Palmerston’s Government for doing so much to inconvenience them! How abased these men now feel, how anxiously they avoid the subject, and how they wish they ; could have the time over again—the Intelli gent mind will cosily conceive. The other legal members arc Sir R. Phllll more, Dr. Twlss and Mr. Vernon llarconrt. Sir. H. Phitlimorc. l>hould have said, was bet ter acquainted with ecclesiastical than with Intel national law. His name is chiefly asso ciated with those trials about heretical opin ions, or lighted candles, or colored altar cloths by which the monotony of Hie Church of England Is so often varied. He Is a friend of Mr. Gladstone's, and the two arc often seen arm-in arm together. Mr. Vernon ilurconrt, from the first, lias seen not only Iho Injustice wc were committing, but also the Impolicy, and, as he believed, Uiellie- pnllly of our nets, ntnl under the signature of "HtsloHcus" he strove repeatedly, through the eorreppondehee cultilnli? of (he Tlmr*, to doheenttiile the ntteiiHofi of the piddle upon U, »ml tu tmn>e their nhmns, if he eould md e.udte their desire to do Mu lit* Me Hill tie u represent Alive tn the Cmnmho Hon, of (he best, though the the must numerous, ofour lean! miUoiiUM. Mining the dehniM whleh used to he held About llm Confederate ornUer*, thvre was one speaker whose position always scrined an Anomalous one, Rising from a iHiu-l) lit the midst of the Hmithern symi>»lhlms—with rublil American haters on every side—»m elderly mm, with a heavy stoop in his shnu’ders, with a largo face, not particularly Intellectual, ami with scattered Iron-Kray hair—sought the attention of the Speaker and proceeded to denounce the proceedings of the party of Southerners hero who were aiding the rebels with ships and with rnaftrfc-I of war. As ho went on, there, were murmurs around him, and marks of impatience—smiles, to*, sings of the head, and suppressed exclama tions of “No.” The dissent must have been strong Indeed that could lead the Tories to assume this attitude to so distinguished a prop of their parly as Mr. Thomas Baring, the millionaire loan-contractor, who holds in his treasure chests the *T. 0. U.V* of most of the countries of the world. Bnt political hate is strong, and never did it burn to a whiter heat than in the breasts of the English Confederates. Mr. Baring conse quently was Interrupted, Hue plain and moneyless Mr. Smith or Jones, and those who replied to did him not sernplc to ascribe his defence ol the North to potent commercial reasons. Mr. Disraeli, however, frowned on this treatment ofhisfriend, and there Is little doubt his own reticence was mainly due to Mr. Baring’s Influence. Some years ago, Mr. Disraeli tried to Induce Mr. Baring to take the office of Chancellor of the Exche quer, but did not succeed ; and It Is fortunate he foiled, for England contains no one Indi vidual more intensely reactionary In blspol- Hies, In all save bis regard for America, than Mr. Thos. Baring. Uc Is the last of the Protectionists, and Mr. Gladstone's splendid commercial policy was predicted by Mr. Earing, at every step, to be the certain cause of his coun try's ruin. Every abuse. In Church or in State, has a faithful friend In him. America, he evidently thinks. Is under ditferent con ditions of life, and a passage across the At lantic reverses the qualities of differing po litical institutions. On this Commission, we may be snre that Mr. Baring will bo equally firm In his action for just International law and for redress where it Is due, with those other two friends of the North who will be with him and who have not to make known now for the first time their opinions. I mean Mr. W. Forster and Lord Houghton. The only remaining member of the body Is a conceited Irish member, named Gregory, who was wont to concoct la Parliament with Hr. Roebuck and Mr. Llndeaj, propo sitions for the acknowledgment of the in dependence of the South ; but who, when the fortunes of the South, began to wane, quickly saw the danger of the consequences to us of the Alabama being constituted a precedent, and then, to make matters safe lor m, proceeded to urge a conference with other conniriea. He is a feather-headed man of the coxcomb species, and is pat on the Commission, I suppose, for his many speeches. . In Bumming np this analysis. It may be said, tbat Lord Cranworth, the Chairman, and five members willapproach the question as pure lawyers, declining probably as such, to recommend anything as to the past: three will stoutly defend all that .was done; and Are will be for meeting America freo trom her reproach against ns. xn IB LIBEL -LAW IB ENGLAND—AN AMERICAN “doctor” and ms critics. The law against libel is extremely severe In England—severe, because of its very un certainty. According to the letter of the act, any language in a newspaper, tending to bring a man into disrepute; tending to make a man “uncomfortable”—that Is, I believe, the very word used—is libellous, and may be punished with heavy damages. Practically, only language which is conceived to apply to a man's private career and character, is broucht Into cotirt; bat the interpretation as to wbat this Is, differs as do the disposi tions of the jury and of the Judge. The other day, one of the membeis of Parlia ment, returned by an Important constituency In the metropolis, endeavored to get an edi tor of one of the penny papers imprisoned for comments upon bis (the member's) po litical renegadism. The gentleman in ques tion was returned as a Radical, bat soon af ter entering the House of Commons, bis in terests were forwarded in some important way by a leading Conservative peer, and the votes of the London representative, to the almost frantic rage of his constituents, were given to the Tories on ever}* division upon the Reform BUI. Lord Chief Justice Cock bum, who was the Judge in the case, ridi culed the notion of the strong censures passed upon this by the Daily Telegraph be ing considered libellous, and the honorable member was laughed out of court, having heavy expenses to pay. But lam not at all sure that with a Judge of loss Lilieral ten dencies, this would have been the result. It is the custom with Englishmen to pride themselves upon the absolute freedom of the Judges from political motives ; but this is really nonsense. They are appointed out of political considerations, the Tories raising a Tory barrister to the bench, end the Litorals a Liberal one. Why should we sup pose that in putting on the ermine the whole Inner mall Is changed? Desides, experience letls a different talc* There are certain Judges who invariably Inlhience a Jury against n journalist; If the pom 4 editor finds that Uttiuli Will preside* he knows he is with; iml a ctiflitip. Uhe of the Judges lias a huh Hide bulimia which he a) Writs Used ui) such liialsi He begins by expressing his deep sense of the value ofa flee pres*, and talk" half a duseii sentence# tthoui U) nud limn pnu'eeds lossy I hit I “at Ihe same time trial Injury pramded the liberty of Ike press, and limy PU'st nut he ledaway by d llmopy," Tim cirennmlamms oft he trial of Haulol O'QnnnsU might to satisfy any man m Urn political Mas of nnr JiiJgas.-T-whmt on a purely technical point, all the Whig Judged voted omi way and all the Tory Judges the other; the end being a majnrity fur his acquittal. Lord Chief Jubilee Coeklmrn, who when in Parliament, was an eloquent speaker, has just bad another case before him In which his good common souse was In excellent place. Dr. Hunter, an Amerlcm quack, has been driving n tremendous business here umongst nervous people, by first frighten ing them through long adver tbemeuts Into a belief that they are In a consumption, and Jthen taking as much money as they can let him have to get them out of it. I know of many cases in which he has had the little savings of peo ple of small means, on the most frivolous of pretexts, doing positive harm by his repre sentations, and in no instance tbc least good. Well, the Pall J fall Gazette told the truth about him in vigorous language, and Hunter determined upon atrial. He made himself first sure of a certain few who would declare they had received benefit from him, and be trusted to the rest to serve as an advertise ment. The trial lasted five days, and he has' got for his recompense, the small est coin of the realm—one farthing! In my opinion, however, ho ought not to have had even this, for the verdict leaves the paper with its own costs to pay—not less certainly in this case than £SOO. Never was there a better “sum ming up” than that of the Judge. The dreadful misery which these men work In society, was sketched by him in vivid colors, and thosewhoheardhlswords felt persuaded the verdict would be one nominally as well as actually for the defendant. It would have beep, no doubt, but lor an allusion which the ii criminated article contained to a criminal charge against Mr. Hunter then ponding, which was not subsequently sustained. I have rcfeired to this case-cblelly, however, for the purpose of bringing to the notice of your professional readers, a passage from the address of Lord Chief Justice Cockbnrn, which is a theme of constant discussion at the moment amongst our medical men, and upo» which we wait some enlightening from your side of the water. It relates to the practice alleged to exist amongst American quallQcd surgeons and physicians, of adver tising their merits. I quote from the Judge’s address ns follows: Now the learred rrmnso’ltbr the plaintiff candidly acknowledges that be cannot altogether justify, or in any way approve, this course ofpiocseditig; bnt. he. this gentleman comes from America, and In America they do strange things In the way ofnavcrtMng. it i* thought nothing of there; yon may ndwritre toany extent; It is only u le gbimntc M.d on'i’iary mode of pushing your*«ll into notoriety. Gentlemen,wc arc not in A-netlca, wc arc in Uogland, and whatever the practice may be in America 1 am happy to think that such a practice lias not hitherto obtained in this country. Kmpirks advcitlsi, profc-i-lona) men do not; and no obu, I thick, can nonbt. and I am sure that that hiuhiy gilted end ti ; sti>'guished member of the lor would bo tbe last imm to think what I am ihcnt lo say Isnof irne—ilialif it weieopcmo rofc'PU'tial men thus to advertise their theories nnu modes of ttentmeut in the Tuit'snr out of the ga at Journals or the day, the dignify, the'honor, and ihu respectability of tbe profession, members of widen w ere al.o'\od to do so, would he tarnish- edaed sullied to a degree perfectly lame”tahlo. A man «bo invents a machine, nr I* Iho author of any ol those discoveries which aro oonneced with the commerce of the day, has no other (means of making them known than by advertising; no one blames him for doing it. Out member* ot a pro fession do nut resort lo th t means of maklnfS themselves known to iho public and endeavoring to ocqoire professional position aud professional advancement. What wou'd be thought of a mem ber ol the bar who, having published ono of those (realises by which we are all from time to lime en lightened aud instructed In our professional ki.owl dge, -.*erc to take portion* of ft anil bom day in dny ndveitlso them in the columns of tne newspaper, Inking care to append Ibis Important piece of inroniißtloo, that “ Mr. So and-fo, the luithoi of iMa vciy learned and valuable trePlse, -its In hi* chamber* from fbur tilt six. and will be lumiT to mivire all those who may eome lo him upon the subject of the Pcall«B?’ Why euch an Individual so acting would bo scouted from the pi off fe'on w hirti he would I** tlionglJ lo have lut ii'lliaied and di'giaeed by *orh conduct. Whsl diiliictee 1* tbei« between the two profession*? Tl or me fplor profe-sloit*. equally gitljed by the rntue i ule* of nrofc*' lonal minor and professional prnpiK'tvi anil tlierefiut! I tmi«l *ny, win lever ii'rv be said o' Atufrbn. tlmt I do not believe, mid oil] tint behove, titilll I hate It on *mue evidence o( Pltlch (hrte I* al loesent tiotie. dial such pro ceeding* ate resorted toon (he part «trtiteiith< , r« of the tneilieal pu»le**lub,or of all/ other profession Hi Aliiotk'a* tiHPAdd, t told yon In a teoenl letter that OliloAgo hictosslog In to mo nnnmg*l Hm pouplD oi thniqm, It j* spoken id oonsUnHy n* a Mpmlor of Hm day, Kvory book on Anmib on Ircflts pi Hi every rovtow ftittclo on AnmrU'ttn sttoirs uses It in Uluatrirtton. Thto week wo have had a long loiter from uptown Coirospondent" of the Time*, a oomptinbm, probably, of Mr. Wallers'— written Mom your oily—ftttd lit glorification thereof. May I say, however, Hint 1 wtoh the \ tailors lo Chicago would toll ui leas about tho hog killing, and more about the social life; the literature; tbe progress of tho arte; the political opinion of your peo ple? Wc have heard so much from travellers ot the unfortunate porkers, their numbers, and the mode of their exit; it U&s been so much a stock piece with the cheap periodi cals and tho “uscfttl instructors,” that it grows a little tedious. Chicago has other characteristics, which, If a looker-on may be allowed to will one day draw upon her the admiring gaze of Europe. GESMASY, Count His-mark’s Speech In the Pros- tlan Chamber*. The following is that portion of Count B»- mark's speech in the Prussian Chamber of Deputies, on the 20th instant, which deals with the mutual relations of Prussia and Franco: “ afce political constitution which Europe re ceived in the year 1615, and the mutual relations of it* Cabinets from that year until 1840, present tbc 'mage of a great European system of defence against France. This was the natural cen!*r~coup of me war of conquest of the first French Empire. It afforded those who took part in It a means of security, bnr a dependent one, at least as regards Pmssia. This system fell without the co-operation ot Prussia; so that if its fall greatly impaired (he general security, she was guiltless in the matter. It ft il through the policy pursued slue* 1850 by Austria towards Prussia. The Holy Alliance re ceived the flubbing stroke through the Crimean war, and its dissolution was followed by a state of things in whicn Prussia was, tightly or wrongly, regarded as being in permanent need of support against France— a supposed need which became a ground of speculation as to our readiness to make con cessions. These speculations were pushed very far within the last two years by Austria aud by some of our Herman allies. But what was there to Justify them? Prussia has no interests that would make peace and relations of good neigh l.oihocd with Franco undesirable lor her; wc have nothing to gain by a war with France, even were it successful. Tbc Emperor Napoleon, la contradiction to preceding French dynasties, has in bis wttdom recognized that peace and mutual confidence are for the interest of both nations ; t> at they arc not called by nature to combat each other, hut, as good neighbors, lo tread together the path of trogressiu civilization. An independ ent I’rucria abue were capable of maintaining such nlatione with France—a truth which prrhap s I* not recognized to the same extent by all ttia Emperor’s subjects. But we have to deal officially wlln tbe French Government only. To walk In this way side by side, a ktnd:y. mutual regard for the Interests of both people ta requisite. Row what ato In the main, without taking into account the casual Jarring of passing events, Ithe inter cals of France Wi'h regard to Germany* Putt or aside all German prejudices, let os try to consider them purely from the French point of view, for tins is the only ju-l mode of judging the Interests of others. France cannot desire that there should arise each a prepoSSm lug power a» wonld exist were all Germany united under Anatrian rule-an Lmpl re 0 f 73,000.000. an Austria extending to the Rhine, and tor which even a France extending to the Rhine would be no sufficient counterpoise. Fora Franca willing to live In peace with Germany U Is an advantage if Austria Is not concerned la that Germany s for the Austrian Interest* clash with those of Prance at many point*, whether In Italy or the East. On the contrary, between France and Germany parted f.om Anstrlalnepolnu of contact at which hos tile relations may anseare leas numerous. France bp a natural Interest In wishing—and none can blame her lor wishing—to have for next neighbor one wilh whom she can expect to lire at Pf«cc. *nd 010 for which 95,000.000 to 88,000,000 of Frenchmen would be folly a match In defensive warfare. I believe that, in « just appreciation of her own Interests, France could nm consent u> the dleapnearancc either of the Prussian or the Austrian Power. Further more. France Is Interested tn the*principle of na ttonallbes, and her view of the Danish question was in accordance wHhit from* the beginning The complete realization of tho principle of ua- Honalillea Is notoriously quite Impossible on the Danish borders, because the nationalities are so mixed that nowhere can a frontier be drawn completely separating one from another; bat it was the principle at large that Prance upheld. I bate always been ol opinion that a population which has continuously and unambiguously man- Hest edits unwillingness to lie either Prussian or German, and its desire to belong Xo an adjoining Stale, contributes no strength to the Power from which it wishes to be separate, though there may be paramount reasons why Its wishes cannot be complied with, such was the state of things when Fiance was moved by the events of last July to express her wishes with unusual force. 1 hare no 1 need to picture the situation; It is suffi ciently known; and no one expected Prussia to wage two great European wars simultaneous ly, or to compromise her relations with the other great Powers at the time wnen she was engaged in one such war, and bad not yet secured it* finite. In this position of things France was called tn by Austria as a mediator In the dispute, ard thus quite legitimately authorized by one of thcibclligcrents to enforce her opinion. Nobody can blame France for having taken Into conslder adonihe exigencies of her own policy; ItbinU It is still :oo early for the public to decide whether she urged her opinion with moderation, and on that point 1 mast beg you to leave the Govern ment to pronounce judgment. The question be fore ns wa« not whether we coincided with the wishes of the Fcbleswig-Holstelners. but whether, in the posture of European affairs at the Urns when wo fonnd ourselves before Vienna, we should accept or reject the whole of what Austi la offered ns through the mediation of France, 'i'ba materials lor a decision on tbb question were notpresent In desirable abundance. All wc bad to guide ns was the general state of Europe and the prevfllllrg disposition of the moment. We had a Mrcne reliance on Italy, whore unalterable fidel ity to treaties 1 cannot sufficiently praise. Stl'l we thought It better not to strain the bow too hard, and, by rejecting details, put in Jeopardy all we had won. 1 therefore advised bis Majesty to ac cept tho conditions of mediation as they were put before its, a prendre ou c fainter. In these dr cumsiancers thl- clause In the treaty owes its ex istence. TLo vague form In which U has bren elotlied allows a certain latitude In execution, but I deem it uect-ssnry to mid that, although wc do not oppose the amendment of the commission, we cannot possibly suffer ourselves lo be released by the commission and the resolutions of the Diet from the engagements we hate contracted." FB&HCE. Itccepllon of Uencral ULxat the French OottHi [From the fails Muhilenr* bec ( *tuber 2i.| Mh ♦♦oliii bJuelow uml Major OiMieral John Aj IHx Imil the huhnr of .hems reui-lved ye?; l«*in«y ht the Ktmietof In luihMe ntuliem'e, Mhdohtt ItlHelutr hfliMip-l I o'his MojiMv the lellefs frhleh terh'llDileil Mie tut»ioh trhleh li«* hnu fillli'leil He MnVuV «|iiittP¥ ttllii Mihlelof l*lehli'ot»Oitirt»jr of t Im* Phtleil Nifties of ArneHcii. .Majnjf Menem Pu HneftVttFil Fellillfed to his AfuMsiy tin' tellers whl“h too ofifliieM him to Ho« Khinefop In ih«o||«rmo Iff oi novo* Kstnoinliimw mol .MimMmf I'lolill'ottMiltarV Mom lha Ihlllml Mtmea of Aomroftr A|Hjornonnrftl Piv nj||uo|Mgß|.n:eh to M* MftNly i erj-tro op OthHUO 111*, hine? In pipei nilna my Ignore nfr-mdatmafrom H.o I'lcefileiil Ol iht! I'nUeil hlft'H* | 4m chained hi him toozprcsaliU heel wishes fnryour Majpaiy, uml fur the prosperity of (he t'lenoli Euipliu, as lullushia Oincem dcjlio ihai the uouii under* standing row autaUtlng between iliu Iwocoun* tiluemay bepcipelual. ll baa always boin since the eetnhlbhmentof ihel-Government iho aim of Urn United Stalee to cultivate fil.;rdly relations with all nations. Them arc especial reasons for tb>-ir desiring to maiutalu the most friendly rola* lions wltn France. They can never forget that It afforded to them the most opportune and the most cfficactou? aid by acknowledging (heir indepeud* cut and equal rank am- nc the other nations of the earth. TLe two countries—France during yonr Majesty's reign, and the Untied States la the cor* responding period—have made extraordinary progress in the industrial arts and in the application of science to practical uses. Each on its side occupying an eminent position at the bead of the civilization of two vast Comments, the imlucnce of their sympathetic movements, bv giving expansion to ideas and by iuiptinting piogretfl upon material interests so important to the well-being of nations, cannot fail to make Itself powerfully frit, and with advantage far beyond their immediate action. lam certain ihut I dc not express m anv exaggerated words tbc s« ntunents of the Government and of the peo ple of the United Sta'cs, If I say that It is their sin cere dcnic to sec that union which attached them In the past to France, ripen In the future into a still more clo«e and cordial friendship. I shall esteem myself the most fortunate of men, if, dur ing the performance of my oificial dales toward your ilajestyV Government, 1 am enabled to con tribute in any degree to an object so intimately cmnccted with tbchappineesot the two countries, and with the internals of humanity throughout the world. The Emperor replied: bsplt of tux mpsaon. I thank you. General, for the sentiments which you have expressed in the name of the United Males. The historic recollections which youhave called up arc a certain guarantee that no mbtin dcratanding will arise to disturb the friendly' rela tions which have for so long existed between Fiance and the American Union. A loyal and sincere agreement will. I doubt not, tend to the

firofll of Industry and comm* rce which daily as onish the world by their prodigies, and will in sure tbepiogrcss of civilization. Your presence among us cannot but contribute to thl* happy re sult by liinlntHii lng Iho relations to which 1 at tach so much value. Blrtb ofa French Princess. fFiom Gslicraiil, December 21.] The Princess Clotilda was delivered yes terday morning, at four o’clock, of a Princess, who received from its godmother, the Queen of Portugal, the Christian names of Marie Letitia Eugenic Catherine Adelaide. M. Ruuher, Minister of State ; M. Baroche, Min ister ot Justice ; M. Vultry, presiding over the Council ol Stale, ami the Duke tie Cam* hucires, First Chamberlain of the 'Emperor, were present. The witnesses appointed by Bis Majesty, according to usage, as wc have already mentioned, were Marshal dc MacMahon and M. Bonjean, Sen ator. The Ministers of Italy and Portugal represented King Victor Ematncl, father of the Princess Clotilda and the Queen of Portugal, her sister. They had both received Intimation conformably with the usual cere monial—by letlcrs-nilsilve at three in the morning—and they immediately repaired to to the Falais-Royal. The certificate of birth was Immediately drawn up and the infant Princess was chrlstcncdjhy the altnonerof the chapel of their Imperial' Highnesses. The state ol the Princess Clotilda and her daugh ter leaves nothing lo be desired. In the conr.'C of the day the Emperor, the Empress and the L’rincc lmocrml culled at the I’alais- Kuyul; also the Ptluecss Mathildc. An liitcrcsllng Ceremony nt the College of.Sorbonnc, [Paris (Dec. 2Cth> Correspondence of the New York 'ilmcs.J A ceremony which brings up many his torical souvenirs took place a few days since at the Si rhonne. The Sorbonne, the leading college ol Paris, was founded by the famous Cardinal Richelieu, and the Cardinal's body, at Ids death, in lOhl.was deposited in a hand sonic sarcophagus in the chapel of tbe col lege. But in ITP3, during the reign of terror, when even the bones of the dead excited suspicions in the feverish brains of the llevo lutiomny Tribunal, the famous Minister of Louis X*HI, “to rof •/« ruf,” wn* taken from the tomb and destroyed, nil bnt the head. By some means tho latter was secured by n royalist, ami hidden away from the vandal hand* of the tcrroilsis; aud now It tins found its way bnckagaiu, perfectly authentic ami undisputed, to Its old resting place. But wlillc In the hands of the gentleman who first scented it a imiUlntti'ii was practiced, In order the heller to eonernf It from search. The hind wu« sawed In two vcrlloally nod the Jiu’e onlv saved. It is till* Ru'e nlone which ha* jusf been redepnslled hi the tomb, ntul this I* nil that remain* nf the hmly of the wrest ('nhllnni, Rut the body was well etn* palmed ntul Hid dried skin uf Hid fItDD still pn‘servr«=su tl Is *std by Hid few who Wcie t'Drmllled lo see It—«u Dsslljr-reeoghl/Dd re* si mlilahee lo Hid Well known tDaHire* of iho devrsecd. It I* tnsi SW4 vosr* lo a day *lmm Hm (‘Aidiiml** body was rtr*t (1d« posited In Hm pmhoiom, lor lip died to t»G« t'wml'wr, UMi. Tin* toco w«* presumed io Hm (vnrhomip ttoinntoy to*!, by M. (Mirny, Mhito* luiiif I'nldb'lbehm'Hon, aml wa» received by Hie AitdibUhop ot Itorl*. Tim prooeed. Ine* wefo nitwiolwd by a certain degree m solemnity. Hm lmd(to and outside of the ebaptd aim Hm college were crowded, and In Hm nudlemm might have been remarked the Duke of Richelieu—the direct descendant and present head ol the family founded by the famous Cardinal—M. Berrycr, M. Camille Doucet, and other notabilities, ITALY. Tbo Italian Budget* Tbe Italian budget for 1866-7 has been laid befbre the Chamber of Deputies. It Is di vided Into two special balance sheets, one tor Vcuclla and tlic other for the remaining Provinces of tbe Italian Kingdom. For the Venetian Provinces the ordinary receipts are 70,462,901, and the extraordinary receipts 89,847 lire, against an ordinary expenditure of 42,887,554, and an extraordinary expendi ture of 11,414,784 lire. The total receipts are. therefore, 76,502,358, and the total out lay 5i,802,833, showing a surplus of receipts to tbe amount of 22,200,000 lire. The ordi nary revenne of the other Italian Provinces Is estimated at 750.193,818. and the extraor dinary revenne at £5,701,200 lire, 'while the ordinarv expenditure is 904,417,000, and the extraordinary expenditure 93,149,515 lire. The total receipts are, therefore, 753.000,075, against an outlav of 997,566,612 lire, showing a'dcflcit 0f203,066,534 lire. The two balance sheets together show the total revenue to be 8tt5.402.416, and the total expenditure 1,051,863,950. There thus remains a general deficit, as anticipated, of 156,466,384 lire. J. R. K, Sole of tke Ohio and Itlisslasippl Ball- [From the Cincinnati Commercial, January 10,1 Tbc Eastern Division of tbe Ohio and Mis sissippi Railroad, which is embraced in the points ot Cincinnati and Vincennes, was sold under a decree of court in the United States Court-room yesterday, for tbe sum of $1,000,000. Tbe road was sold ou second mortgage bonds, subject to the first mort gage bonds, and was purchased by the trustees of stockholders for the benefit of the trust which owned the Western Division and now owns both divisions. The purchase secures an unbroken line hence to St. Louis, t;mkr the control of what will be a single company, which will necessarily be orgiu ized now that the sale Is made. The sale n-'cessarily Involves a reorganization of the company, which will be effected without de lav, and’the road'put upon a better basis than heretofore. are assured that the irtcnilon is to make it one of the best roads in the country. Convention of Colored. Soldiers and Sailors. rnmanrunu. January o.—The Rational Con vention of Colored Soldiers and bailors to-day adopted an address to Congress and Hie people, closing with an appeal for tnc exercise of tbe bal lot anS*hc enjoyment Of all privileges granted to the white race. The Governor's Message. The State Debt, Besonrces, Condition ard Operations of the Important Recommendations to the General Assembly. Governor Morton, of Indians, delivered bis annnal message to the General Assembly yesterday afternoon. We give the Import lant portions of the message In full: Gentlemen cf the Senate and Home of Jitpre tenia litres • • * * • * • According to the census ofISCO. the population ot Indiana was one million three hundred and hundred and twenty-eight By the enumeration which baa been made and relumed to the Auditor of Slate, under an act of the lost Legislature. It is shown that. In 1666. the State bad a population of three hundred and forty thousand two hundred and forty (310,240) white males over the ago of twenty-one years, which number multiplied by the ratio usually adonted wottld give a popolatton of over one mllllouJiSao hundred thousand. The estimate will Spvbe sustained by comparing Use segregate tbre of ISCO with that of 18CC, and snows an of more than three hundred aud fifty thon*antHHatr years. According to ibis ratio of Increase the Stale will have within her borders In l“7omore than twomll hotsof people, which would be an increa«e of over fony-eirnt percent in ten years. It is doubt fhl whether any Stste in the Union is growln" more rapidly in population, wealth, manufactures, public Improvements, and ihe general develop ment of agricultural resource. TUB PUBLIC DEBT OF THU STATE. The public debt of the State outstanding in Ihe hands of creditors to be provided for Isas follows: Five per cent stocks fsswj 936 S 3 Tn o and a half per cent stocks 1,19L091.'(15 Total amounts of stocks. War Loan Bonds. Vincennes University Bonds Tolal'pabllc debt »5,8W 1 6W.93 Ibe Auditor estimates that ihe State Debt Pinfc In* Fund lax lor JBCB will, on the Ist day of .Inly next, fnrnlsh nlt.e hundred thonaaud dol lars, lUKMJOO) and that enough can be drawn from thel.encral Fnnd In the Trea«nrrat that time and added to tMs amount lo redeem all the out standing two aril a halt per cent stocks, which nlll !ca%e outstanding In the hands of creditors tote pro? Iced for otherwise, four millions two hundred and five thousand five hundred and InenlTH'tip dollars and Uilrlr-threo cents. t1,«1'5,f)51.33.) Ihe a«?e1? of tho Sinking Fund Independent of Stalealocke and bond?, rrlitcb* by the law (iria*l £ io . ,e !.*? f . e,0,,e . ®PP ,, «d to the payment of ibe PlaJe debt, may be ealely eMim-ded fl { one million dollar*. (UOiV.WOI, of which amount /Ve hun dred Iboupnud dollar® i*itN> woi can be made available by the let of duly, IMU.and rrblch. If properly apj'llei .would bare the Muiee of the nebt lobe ptorlded lor and paid by luaallon, tlmytnillluiiepvcn bundled and fire Ibonofthd five bundled nhd litet-ty-ohe dollar* nbd fltlrtr- JbieereniP. Vrlilcb i( I® edlhialed M lieAmiilor win be fmir amMrtidUhed allm 1 eIt*IVt f ,v B^i 1 11 k 1 ,U U Uf Ibttt ptbpose by the , 1UI" eta Are ll‘e rtbfldcla) COHdlllnll *)( (tie tMftld Id be beiißi limb «i atiy rnioier period in tier Idas Hf. ftod !*{/«» Ida f)>e tjiaiirriitif iUi by iMP elr** vvill li«r« Mkih t»j» «tl Iter alni'ha aim bbi of debi. wljboni Htl'i nu in Hie lastttt w -hli been elirrtfly tmiidae'i. S avoid wiuniM'iii or irfe** H (OHM ba boroa In Il'MMlia money ant) properly of whoever Mopplnp in Ibe old M'ii>mtfVnnd aie lie(d fin- |ji(i liciiujlt of flie hclninj tfim.f, amnvhMaeo nun n of the Male Ibdn a* may be pnrrbiuoij by ilu> Making Huiil la thereby usiinynUltud Jn * n lur n» creqiima arq (he pnlqlo are ronmpml yet ii lunar, in another form, be kept niive fur the lu nefir of (he Mdioul Fund. Ibe report of the Mate Auditor wdlba found lo lu* uu able and thorough document, elvinea roll cipoelllon of the buaineee aifulra of Uie Mate. Id the above estimate of the Indebtedness of Ihu Mate I have omitted the Internal Improvement bonds, amounting to three bundled and fifty tliteu thousand dollars (JJM.OOO,) The Auditor lo bis report, following iho exam ple of bis predecessor for more than twenty years, has pul there bonds down as a part of the Indebtedness of the State. They belong to tbo old debt of tbc Spite upon which a comproml-o was made In 1810, tbo holders of them failing or refusing tu enter Into ortskcpartlu thecompro nilrc. upon these bonds Interest baa not been paid for more than twenty-live years. The atti tude ol the State In regard to them Is not credit able, and ought to be changed. Year by year the Stale, by her accounting officers, punll hos and confesses to the world that they are a part of her Indebtedness, but pays no interest on them, which has now accumulated to more than half a million of dollars, and makes uo odor to pay tbc principal, although it has long been duo. The character of inclana is too high, and her posi tion too proud to allow her to occupy an atti tude so equivocal. It is not my purpose to eMer into any discussion at this tinn? as to the and moral obligation of the State to pay tbc In terest and principal of bonds <n whole or in part; but 1 desire simply to say that if the State believes that she is not bound to nay thi-m nr.d does not Intend to do so, she should through the legislature promptly declare that fact to the world, and have them stricken from the *ooka of the Auditor. If, on tbc other hand, she bolds herself bound to pay tbc whole or any part, she can not honor ably longer delay to take action for that purpose, as her ability to pay cannot be denied. In pursuance of the provisions of an act passed at the late special session of the Legtsla tute, creating a Stale Debt'blnking Fund, (or the payment of the Slate debt, and abolishing the Board of Sinking Fund Commissioners and all offices connected therewith, tbo Auditor, Treas urer and Agent of State, acting as the State Stok ing Fund Board, have purchased in tbc market four hundred and sixty thousand, thirty-six dollars and ninety-one cents of the ceiUflcatcs of stock, hearing interest at the rate of two and a half per cent, which they have caused to be can celled. The Board of linking Fond Commissioners, 1»y virtue of an act passed, also, at the late extra sea* eion, directing them to invest any mooere belong ing to the fund in Indiana Slab-no*ds or stocks, have purchased clocks and bonds to the amoutt ol SIUMK4.S6. Tto Auditor ofStateand the Agent of State, in their reports, point oot several material defects m tbe first at ibe above-mentioned acts, which re quire legislative remedy. In addition to those pointed out by iheso Queers, 1 will call your al ter tion to another. Tbe seventh section of tbe act abolishes tbe Buaid of Making Knud Commissioners on tbe £Cih day of January, ls>7, and directs that all the property, of whatever kind, both real and personal, belonging to said fund, together with the books and papers, be surrendered and turned over lo iho Auditor. Ibe annual sale of Sink ing Fund lands took place on tbe 11th day of December, 15>b6, and by the terms of the law, deeds are to be made to the purchasers of such lauds as arc rot redeemed nttbo expiration of six ty days from that tlme.wblcb will be in February, at which time the Board of Sinking Fund Com missioners baring ceased to exist, there will be lo ofiker barti.g authority to execute tbe convey ances. I twill therefore be n-ccesary to empower some officer or officers to execute ibe deeds and ponect the contract with the purchasers. 'lbe act is farther defective in failing to giro the Auditor authority to collect the money noon the hnrds and mortsagr* hilling doe, which arc to be plactd In his hand* by the Sinking Fund, by sell ing the mortgaged land®. Such authority should be directly conferred, and be or other properofllcers, should bo empow ered to cxecnie conveyances to tbe purchasers. As the law nows'auds after the 2Pth of January, 18CT, there will be no officer authorized to sell me mortgaged lauds, or make deeds to the purchasers Ibciclor. Tbe borrower* from the Sinking Fond on mortgage secmiiy. have, by special enactment, bad their loans extended for five years from 1355, by paying the amount dne In equal normal in stallments. Upon their failure to par any of these Installments, luelr lards can be olfertd lor sale, and if .here are no cash Didders, sold on a credit of fire Tears. This may defer a collection of a pm tot Ibe money for elcvui years, and as the Mate has abandoned the poller of lending money on mortgage security, II will ho ipctmwnient and tinrecesrary to keep these claim* outstanding so long, and 1 therefore recommend that the law bo soilargid that when the mortgaged Jauds arc sold, they be sold for cash, and thus close up the transaction five years sooner. • •«*«•••••• QfAnrmMA*TBU oekcuals urrAnniEXT. The Plate received from the tteoetal Govern ment at various time* dmlng the war, for the u*e uf the Intiara l.egion, -tt.r.'J piece*of email' firms, and twenty-ore piece* of aillllcrr, with catrlHecf, caissons, ami equipment*, nli or which were charged to the Mote, and required lo be ac counted for. ibe report uf the Plate Qnarlormapler, General Ptune, shows that 41.219 have been returned to the proper I’tiiuit Plate* ordnance officers, at this point, add Kin gun* toil and dv*Uo/ed io the s'tths, hate nveli atrunbled fur by propel 1 af fldftvll*. ttuhitig a lo'al ot 4i,t49 gun* srcoiiiileJ for In die esheral Goveintnenl, nbu (hat alt the artillery ral**pii« atol etpHuHtetil* have lieeh fe* iiiKiHl. ‘lid* leaVr* (he htnip dear of ait lin mill y on Hid score of nun* rpr the u*e of the mtliitn, Hl tlliieanoMit tins hcGi du*eu, whldt Is a inuti OhJiuMd resell. , bikhHAi, 1 * nsrohT. llm report or Mrdor tdrams PUher. Parmasier of the Irmiami UJlon. shnw* msi aiMnii fitysu men have rvrelveil nay inr mUlKiry lervlesiure* imlilng mhd raid* and uoardbttf aartinrt h»va*ton. Tnawnnte anuumi m moneyrti*hur»ed h* hjinfor ntiiiiary arnmuila m ♦.■jfio.inm.W, There • nd ivtnalna unpa'd rUlms allowed l»y tha Aud|r» (nil (’omndltee aiuonmliig to over t&J’dd, which aid being pAld a* but a* pieaenled, And there are alfo claims, apparently jaat, amounting to |25.uU or which have been preaen'ed slora the AndlUng Committee was abolished, but can not be paid mml an appropiintton U made fur that purpose. The central management of the Institutions for the Blind and Deal and Dumb, and the Aajlom for the Insane baa been saUifscory, and I be'ieve that the Board of Trustees and the general super- Istenleodcnts bare labored to conduct them anon sound slq economical principles. At the last session of tbe General Assembly an act was piss ed authorizing tbc enlargement of tbe Insane Asylum for the reception and care of tbc “ Incur able insane." Tbe construction of the buildings bus been commenc'd, but further ippronrutlons will be reunited for their completion. Thenecea rity for this enlargement ana addition cannot be denied. I'hauan hum Tbe reports from tbe Boards of Trustees and tl.o Wat dens oflbcSorthcm and SonUunt Pris ons, and other Information 1 have received, show that tbe pt Isons bare been well and economically conducted. A fire occurred in tbe machine shops ol the Southern Prison last summer, by which considerable damage was done, and a number of convicts thrown out of employment As they could not again be returned to labor until tbe damages bad been repalnd, tor which there was no appronrlatlon, I look the responsibility of urg ing Che State Treasurer, Hon. J. I. Morrison, fo pay from the Tieasory the necessary amount to make tbc repairs, which ho did, and 1 now re spectfully ask this General Assembly to approve his conduct. It was done to prevent a considera ble loss to tbeState In the way of convict labor. Tbe report ol tbe Board of Trustees of the JConbem Prison states that the sum o! t03.53i.76 will be necessary to complete the construction of that prison, and for deficiencies on account of work and materials already furnished. *37,923.43. for which amount* an appropriation Is asked and to which your attention is specially directed. road* house ox uzycoE. The accord section of the ninth article of the Constitution reads as follows : “The General As sembly shall provide Houses of Refuge for the reformation and correction of Juvenile encod ers.** This constitutional provision adopted in 1621, and which is plainly mandatory In Its char acter up to this time remains wholly tin executed. Tic necessity for such Institutions is admitted by all who are at all familiar with tbe administration oi the law, and 1 believe that a strong public sen timent demands that tbe legislative consideration of the subject shall not no longer postponed. The State for toll six years has been without a law apportioning Senators and Representatives iu the several counties. Boring that time mem bers of the General Asfembly have been elected hy common consent, and from necessity, upon the l aris of the old law. VTille ibcfic elections are really wlthoutaothority of law, but from necessity must bo received as legal, the basis made by the old apportionment, bat by lapse of lime and changes of population become crossly Inequitable. . _ Tbe relative population of counties and tens ions! and Representative Districts has in many cases become so greatly altered as to conflict ut terly with the Ihsory of representation prescribed by the Constitution. . As the General Assembly is notrtn possession INDIANA. and Expenses. Public Institutions. .*5,031,057.99 . 809,000.00 60,59 100 STATS DXBT SINKING FUND. bxmetolevt ixrrmmoHi. cxvxutAiios axe xrrocnoxnorr. of tbe proper data upon which to make an appor tionment,! trust that duty mil nc fully psr formed bcfoic your final adjournment, J . UEGI9TUT LAW. • JUUU &a, * un. The purity of tbe ballot box is essential to the maintenance of free Institutions, in so taros It is conupted, knot only falls to express the will of the people, but defeats th- Irwin, and places the political and civil powers In tbe bands of fraudulent holders. If we would have the deci sions of the ballot box respected, and the vole* of the people peacefully obeyed. It most be by mak ing oar elections an nonest exnor ilion t f me peo ple’s will, an exposition so fairly and certainly made as to leave in the public mind co want of confidence In Its integrity. But upon that subject I need not enlarge, as there Is not a member of this General Assembly who docs-not fully com prehend Its vital importance, and I will proceed at once to the consideration of the evil for which, if possible, a tetmdy should be found. ••••••• i o meet immediate demands for relie£,and to In augurate a measure imperatively demanded by hrmaniryand the strongest obligations, on the 15th day of May. 1K3,1 issued an address for the purpose ofenllsilng the sympathies or the people In establishing a Soldiers’ and Seamen’s Home, and In pursuance of the Invitation contained in it, two successive meetings were held at Indianapolis for the purpose of cflecttng a temporary organiza tion of a Dome for Disabled Indiana Sotdlera and Seamen, and to Instlinte a system fbr the collec tion of voluntary contributions sufficient ultimate ly to Place it on a permanent foundation. n At the eecondof there meetings, held on the “o ofMay, ISGS. a temporary organization was ellected, the basis of which will- bo seen by refer ence to a copy of lbe proceedings of raid meeting herewith iespecially submitted. The temporary Home was opened In the city hospital bonding of Indianapolis,on the 27tb day of Anenst,lß63,aud up t thfSOihday of November. iKiG,the number ot man admitted was 221. Of this number m have bcfcndkcharged.fourteenhavedled.andsevenly.rix remain In lb*. Home. Early last sprtngthe Board ot Directors purchased tbe property known aa the “ Knlchtstown Spr.ngv ” toßosb County at a cost of t f-,5f10. to which place the Home was removed on tbe 2Cth nay of April. The total expense of maintaining the Borne from (he time it was open ed until the CCth of November last, not Including the cost of purchase, is f17,060,M. This includes the salaries of officers. If we add to the above sum the cost of purchase it will make the aum of (25,6M\51. all of which has been raised by private contribution. {The mcsMce qtu'te* the following extract from tie report of (he Superintendent: “The farm consists of 5-1 acres of excellent land. 35 of which are ctder cultivation—the balance a bcatuifal grove of forest limber, lbe buildings are lar«*c and commodious, affording ample room for about one hundred patiocts. They were bowever, ranch dilapidated and ont of repair, bot have been reparled until they are now very comnfortable. Some additions bare also been made, in the way of hospital buildings, which arc of great advantage in the treatment of the sick and wounded.” I • ••••••••« «- I earnestly recommend the establishment of a Bureau of Emigration, upon a plan simitar totliat acoplcd by several of the Western states, provi ding for one or more agents in Europe, whose duty It flail be to Inrnlsb to persons atiout to emigrate to America. Inhumation of the geography, popu lation, wealth and resources of Ihe State, and The S*ofpectf tor health, comfort, wealth and edaca on presented to thoa.: who come In search of new homes, ard of such facilities Ibr gelling tu-re as the Plate may bo able to furnish. Some ot our sister Plates have in this way added largely to Ibeir population and wealth, and while we are snmcwhatlateinbeglijnlug.it util he later and worse lor ns the longer II Is nut off. schools. Ct *lU\’ Uk*| The School Fnnd of Indiana may be estimaled In found numbers at $7,1)11*017.41. abd Is* I In te* larger than the School Fund of any other Hate* While ottf Fchnot Pjrsteht !• fer frdtrt, being ttbAl II Mould (o be* tel II I? helms Braditethr and artlo slMlillnilr Ihiptoted. *Hie Hahdard of ilHdllflea* tloli tor teat-bets has heeh flouted, alnl ns n scipitm i? far Mho uhdff-lood ibaii nth iiimlyi 'flu* fablof qualified tvnirli b«a Veetj bite of Hip Hite! ob«toites Ml Hip wav of the t-ipib-to 1 / or \m pt'baojp* will t*« uipaiif dMniii: I‘ltMi n» a rpb ipais or.ihp ?«o*anl «i ; iimit, obmu Has ayiloiJsta.lL>,Hie last ♦•tupial As*p!iHilr,H|i»( J inhnvmlm Bjimoiily imh ihi«i oi'fiaihri: iheoilier gipai'evil foMaf* hi iW lat i lltHt Ihe m lo.Mte *»'♦• ItepM-o too pbon 4 nme, and IM= imhoh/ lie teinmltefl hv Hmrd4s|M, fr,.m ißsaMohHhd ihdi fcourfea iimt niiulu W mail* ?*MI {ll‘te, Ilia mihl|ftj rm« RUM for Bff*.ml nurmisps, I will tmipi imo no argumupi More this liuiiurai .Uimihlno nrovaiho importance of editmulou, m d that our bil,oo)b should be open (a all, and alii! to furrlah apt-duratjop antllcienr for timor itii.ary louiorcs of lilt;; hut, assuming tiiat all admit this truth, ml) simply say 111..1 the common schools of inolana cannot fnrmsh such an ednea* tint* wlihoui Hiuyaiu continued lor a longer pe riod in each year EDUCATION OP COLORED CUQ.UREN. The laws of Irdiana exclude colored children from the common schools and mak** no provision whatever lor their education. I would therefore recommend that the laws be so amended as to re quire an enumeration to he made of the colored cbllQicn of the Slate,and such a portion of the School Fund as maybe In proportion to their nnmber, bo set apart and applied to their schools, under such suitable provisions anil regulations as may be proper. I would not recommend that white and colored children should be placed to cether in the same schools, believing as I do, in the present slate of public opinion, tbatto do to woold create dissati-facllon and conflict, and im pair tbc uscfuiucss ot the schools. 1 am informed that a system can be devised, by which separate schools for the education of col ored children can be successfully maintained in various parts of the State, and believe that justice, humanity and eonnd policy, require that it should be done. • • • • • • • NATIONAL DEBT AND THE CCBRENCT. It would be very ilalterlnsrto onr national pride, and would excite the astonishment and admira tion of Europe, if we were to pay off our national debt within fifteen or eighteen years; hot there are some things more Important to ns than flatter ing onr vanity or astonishing the people of the Old World. While 1 am not in favor of perpetuating the na tional debt, and do not regard it as a blessing, I am opposed to pressing our people to its sudden payment, just to show what wo can do. If this generation, after haring pat down the re bellion, snail accomplish the work of restoration. It will have done well, and may very properly leave at least a part of the national debt to be paid by tbe next. As the misconduct of the people of the South caused »bln debt to bo contracted, 1 am decidedly lu favor of requiring them and their children to pay their proportion ol It, which In their present de&Utntc and Impoverished condition they con not do. At ibis time they have very Untie property besides lands, and scarce anything to pay taxes on, or pay faxes with, and inch their situation mu-t be lor years; and until restoration has been completed, and emigration, capital. Industry, commerce and agriculture shall have brought to them wealth and prosperity. Whatever part of this debt is paid in the next five or eight years, must, from the condition of things, he collected item the people of the North, and must to that extent relieve the people of the South from a bur den, which ought in Justice to fall chiefiy upon them. I am, therefore, lu favor of reducing taxation to a standard which will he sufficient to defray the ordinary expenses of the Government, and main tain peifectly the credit of the nation by paying punctually the Interest of the'debt, leaving the payment of the principal to times of more general prosperity, when our commerce upon the seas shall have resumed Us sway, ami a largely in creased population has greatly developed the agri cultural and mineral resources of the country, and produced an aggregate of wealth compared with whtco the national debt will be hut a trilling pi r cent. While it is desirable to return to specie pay ments, at as early a period as inconsistent with irioii.ialning tho business prosperity of the coun try, (t Is not a result so important that we should hazard peroral disaster and bankruptcy. At Ibis time the Qnaucinl condition of the coun try is depressed, trade is languishing, and a wide spread fear of panic and disaster prevails among the people. The contit ued reduction of the cur rency. followed by a corresponding reduction in an values, to that extent diminishes the capacity ol the people to par their indebtedness contracted at a time when the curtenry vaa much more in flated than at present and gold at a much higher piemlum. if last rear pork was twelve dollars a hundred and this year lb is six, it Is manifest that the capacity ot the fanner to pay is diminished just one half, while the volume of the principal and Intelest of the public debt, and of his own private indebtedness has not diminished, but remains the same, cast Iron theories of finance which do not yield to the circumstances of the times, arc very apt to be broken by a crash, and it Is the part of wisdom lo make the theory, however wise to gen eral, submit to the temporary condition of the people. The unsettled ami impoverished condi tion of the people of the South, the failure of the cotton crop, tho successive failure of two wheat crops in the North, render the situation of the country quite peculiar and critical, and makes it unsafe, in my opinion, to push the further reduc tion ot the cnricucy at this time. Should tho General Assembly concur in these views, 11 would he entirely proper lo present them to Uitlr Senators and Representatives in Con gress. iiEcohSTnvcnojr akd cnHETiTtmoKlt Axekd ■EsT. • •••*** I have received from the Fecretary of Stale of (he I'nitcd Btaies. an ofDcinl copy of a Joint reso lution panted by Concrtss at the late session, (wu-thirds ot earn house cnucnrrlor. proposing to the Males so amendment to the Constitution of tie Lulled Stale?, which 1 herewith submit for rour consideration, • • • It establishes (he great principle of national unlit emi chlrensfalp, eqtisnty of representation* dir ability tor (reason, I fie good talUi ofllie ballon lo bur creditor** a‘id udaius (he nation Id future (Urns Bgalfarl ilie eofipbtidhs. of the rebel debt, it is ol lUPrilttiahl' 1 vnftie to (be rmtitfry, rttul cihi tiot be ssfplr stibstiliiipd lit titetn (sgislftliuti wbtciits liaidp to repeal or destruction hi (be lini-ds ot Ibe FOpfelue CoilH, tli" esrdiiis) piMiilid s of freotismietion should be idftipen In Ibe ('onriinilhdi whence lheiM*n bittpMHtied iiidv hjfjhe sftme »ooee#« hv bhich ihelf wefepslfthnsiofl. No idibUe (JteMHre was mole rimy di?en""ert HBhueniMii«»ople. hetier i « (tafriooa by (hem inor«ot"tinnann hi« P-mpenl approval- [ will *ini«r into no iri/inwtl In H* helm) Wfo/e (Ms (/eiiafal A"»amWy. Rvery lueinber of ( linqeriiands ii, and U jir*y»iao, I doubt no), o give i,U vow A*r or against, on (he quvsMOii o rsufiurtlion, 1 veoiuiJ, however, 10 raromnujprt (hat you give lo Ii soar speedy con s deralinn, and hope insi its rdlitlrsiion will soon be pnblUhtd to the world as a declaration of the spirit una oMbe people of Indlinn, # The Government U armed wllh supervisory rower to keep the Staled in tbolr orbits ny train lalulng within them republican governments, and the measure of power must therefore be the ex* tent of the mean* necessary to accomplish the recognized principle of constitution al lawv'tlmt.wbcre a doty ia enjoined, all the pow cia ntceseary to the performance of the doty are 11 Where a certain demand!? made by the Consti tution the means necessary to produce tbe result must be iuferred, else tne demand wouid be tuga -SVo only measure, therefore, we can give to tbb power U that it embraces whatever may be nnly necessary to Guarantee to each State a re publican form of government. If a State Qov e.nment tolls Into anarchy, tbe United States roust re-establish It upon a republican bum, and must be beld to have the right to employ what ever instrumentalities are necessity for that purp'se. OrdmarlU, and when the country Is in a nor mal coi.dlron, the subject of suffrage Is in the control absolutely of the several Slates, and has been so treated from tbe first formation of the Government, and may be recorded clearly as one of -he reserved rights of tbe States. But, if a Slate Government shall foil tnto anarchy, or be destroyed by rebellion, and It Is found clearly and unmistakably, that a loyal new one can not be erected and maintained with out corfcrrtng upon a race 6r body of men the right of suffrage, »o whom it baa been denied by the laws of the state, it would clearly be witnm the power of Congress to confer it for that pur pose, upou the princiulc that it can employ the means necessary to the performance of a required ]Sot that Congress could make a lor a State, in which the right ot sutiraze should be fiscn,bnt that it could call a Convention to form a new Constitution and establish a. now govern ment, and prescribe the qualifications of those who should vote for the members or that Conven tion and participate In tbe organization of the nC *ntep > I claim for Congress Is vast «ndd£SSJi». -a »fouia l» with deliberation, ond anly in case of clear necessity, aslttrcnchesdliectiy upon the general theory aLtt structure of tno Government, yet It unques tiit remedies have faded, it be the clear and deliberate judgment of Congress that loval republican State Governments cannot be. ma'niaiced except by conferring the elective franchise on tbe negro race in those States, Con gress may confer it upon tbe ground that it is necessary to ite performance of a prescribed duty, lu this view it Is not necessary to regard tbe rebel <ta'cs and Territories, as the constitutional pro vision applies in express terms to States. Jis a practical question it cannot be supposed that four millions of free colored people can fora great time be kept in a state or political vassalage and dented their voice in tbe Government by which they arc controlled, and which tboyhoipto sup port. As a political question, our republican theory, which assort? mat ‘•governments exist only by the consent of the governed,” and that “taxation "rut representation” should go to gether, does not admit that suffrage shall be limit ed by tace, caste or color. As a question of naktuxl tight, it is bard to say that suffrage la not a bsttnal Halt, when upon lea exercise may depend the possession and enjoyment of au other acknowledged natural nghtaT It u bard to .eay that a mao has a right to life, liberty and the pnnaJi of happme-s, and yet baa no natural riant to a voice In that Govern ment by which these other rights will bo nrofect ed or denied. Bntas all other natural rishtaare subject to restriction and liquation lor iae gen eral welfare ot society. Ibis ehoald be no excep tion to tbe tele. Toe proposition at once to introduce to the ballot-box half a ruQUou of men. who but yesterday were slaves, tbe of whom are proloundly ignorant and alt impressed with that character which slavery Impresses upon Its victims, is repugnant to tbe feelinse of \ large part of our people and would only be justifies g* ru-cesalty resulting from irabillty to maintain loyal republican Stale governments without But iho necessity (or loyal republican State Governments that shall (protect men of all races, classes and opinions, ana shall render allegiance and support to the Government of the United States must override every other consideration of prejudice orpollcy. if it be found necessary not to accept the pres ent State Governments m the South, and to exer cise the great power which haw blmerto lam dor mant la The Constitution, the people of the South will bare tbe consolation of knowing that it m Ibeir own act and deed. By tbe unrestrained •laughters of Memphis and New Orleans; by the* unpunished murder ofloyal men; by the persecu tion ana exile of those who adhered to the Union; by the contemptuous rejection of the generous terms that were offered, they are fast proving that Iho extraordinary powers of the constitution must he summourd to cure the evils under which the land Is laboring. Let them tike warning, and speedily reform their ways before they have driven the nation to anoint where theory, passion and prejudice most all give wav to the stern necessity of establish ing new governments that will protect all men In equal enjoyment of life, liberty property. Olivet. P. Mobtos. THE CONSTITUTIONAL CON- VENTION. The Power of the Illinois General Assembly to Call a Constitu tional Contention. letter from Judge Jameson to Judge Lawrence. Tlie following Is a copy of a letter from Hon. John A. Jameson, of the Superior Court of Chicago, to Hon. C. B. Lawrence, of the Supreme Court of Illinois, In relation to the proposed Constitutional Contention: Chicago, January 6,1307. Eon.C. B Lawrence Dear Sir; I take the earliest opportunity, toe receipt or tour faror ot the guth ultimo to bankroll for the, I fear, too flattering estimate It contained of tut late work on “the Conrilla tlocat contention.* 1 I am obliged to yon fbr calling my attention to a ptac'kil n»B«|foo kindred to tho«e considered ■ I'f * iV*?I*4 1 * 4 aml nowelldtluff some dUcu»slon In Ibis Slate* respecting Uie extent of (he power of otlr neneml Assembly* tinder (be L'uustllulloh of IS4?* to call Contentions. Staled Ih Mslmi t Beheiai tottrt trttir utteMlriH Is: Ifa Cohslilulloh* bllbdtll jmdilbllory b-bril«» t'ldvide* lor Ms own ainehdinpfiL 1U elth r Of bhlh u . r .l ,, ft A’bd'hitpd under the Ainsriftdi niti slltntluhs Rif lltat I'iirjMism {MIK In trim! ja oal}; ed lbf* I 'sl-winc iilmlo,” hr Mid rtiMlntt of lUB I • Bislntnto fullooi d bv « vote u fib ft lifHHild, dt Ml lliß booh* hr « Cuhyphllon called by Ihe hogialfO iilfe-ivhelhei. Hi a«sbmM'a |o oaortiso liie iwftir Birch If Ih flip t;ohe|HHill'll h'f 11 ; P L-UHimbL Mj,h ; caltfl.nip |.rat«|«|iHrt (» oof hfijinfl (It coiHfdy oMlC'l/WMh h'B I'litldlHoßo lahlijomt !fl |{|4> 110 MMditchl, of olielhtd II Disy «( Us ii|pftaiHßdiaFP-' BHttl IhPHI? . Aslitp rohmjhiMonnf IllinoU tnilhoilaas anu t>dmrhfe in both modes, 1 may, imdmj.s, hiilm tod intmontmiy, tonehivr ims ymipral nnjsijoo, oho Ujiiny MtsaemmOy asm hont imom*, mairsd ot eot.nntr.g m/sair to lin m»du [»y eimvsnM'ms. Urn hum In wltiph mo quMlott !• at dU' nissmUn this male. * * H bo tar as the nuration relates rnamendnumia m be etuciei) by the Bpectnc mode, on the recom tnti.rtailoii o| the |.cgUUture, us provl-lud m Aril cle 1-, bccilon •, of our L'onsllmtlou. lbs answer \b clear. The proyltiona oflh.* Constitution must he ti*lc>ly and literally compiled with. The rea son for this is obvious: the ccnerul power of leuulailon vested in our Uem ral Assemblies do :9 not include that of pronosinc fundamental laws. Wtni tboßL* brmleß dlsibargo Ihebmerfmn’tlon, they act. not in a legUlailve. bnt In a convention al capacity, for which an express conei tmional giant has always been considered necessary. The power coming to them only by express <ount the teims ol the erant, agreeably to tin* oidmary rule lor ibe consirnctlon of merely statutory powers mnet be strictly pursued, bee The State us. Cox l a The principal difficulty arises In rolaMon to the ether mode 01 amedmg constitution?, by the call of a Convention. It I?, I Uilsl, well settled ia the public law of lie United States, that onr General Assemblies, unless positively prohibited by their respective constitutions, may call conventions under their cent ral legislative aathority, although their con* btUuMone give them no power so to do. But, when to these bodies, having that power already, onr constitutions in express terms give the power, specliying the particular circumstances and con* ditiocs under which they may exercise It, do they or do thev not thereby fnhlt.it those bodies (rotu calling conventions except under the circumstan ces acd conditions specified, or nnder circnm stsnees and conditions which are different? Considering this question, first, upon principle. It is evident, that onr General Assemblies either hare, as I bare asserted above, or they have not, the rower of calling conventions under their gen eral legislative authority, without express cossli tntlonal provisions. if they have not that power, then, clearly, by the general principles of statutory constrncilon. whenever suen constitutional authority is express ly given, the clause giving n constituting the only source of the power, its terms most be strictly pursued. It, on the other hand, as I believe to be the case, those bodies have the power in question, in the absence ot constitutional authority, then the framers of oar Constitutions mast. J think, be presum'd to have had some object In making a tower, by hypothesis, already belonging to oar Legislatures, the subject of an express grant. That object conld hardly have been other than to place checks and limitations upon the exercise of the power. Thus, if a Constitution should pro vide. that the General Assembly should nave, power to call a Convention, 1C on a submission of tee question of “ Convention or no Convention," to the people, they should have voted in favor of calling one. It wonld seem clear tn&t the General Assembly would overstep the limits of Its powers, were it to dispense with the popular vote. A most important cheek or safeguard would nave been pretet milted, &o o> otbcrpanlcutars relating to ibo inedua ccnrccantt, to the Constitution, govern ment and business of the Convention. WheU er aJI tbo Darlicolors or details of such constitutional piovkiona are of substantial im portance, acd. therefore, to be strictly pnrsiod, is, perhaps, a question. 1 bus, were a Constitution to provide mat a Convention might be called by the Legislature, in such and each a manner, i/i the /tar 18CG—conceding that all the outer particu are were of substantial importance —it might admit ol doubt whether that relating to the lime would bo so. By varying the lime it might be thoacht that no sub stantial eafeurntd ot fundamental Icgiriation would be overlooked or neglected. Dot even in regard to this I do not feel at all confidenttoal an exception should he allowed, upon principle, although thcreaie some few precedents that seem to authorize such an exception. Ofprecedonls bearing or seeming to bear on the question. 1 recall but three. The first occurred 5n lt2T, In the call of the Massachusetts Conven tion of that year. The Constitution of 1670, then In forccjicd provided for the call of a Convention in the year specifying wtih much particu larity the mode in which U should he called. This rower the Legislature did out exercise in 17.0. mi In 1820 j* did call a Convention,and that in tire mode provided in the Constitution to be pursued In i’o3. So. tin* Indiana Constitution ot 1816 had authorized the Legisla ture to call a Convention every twelfth year mere after, that Is, in 1?28, IS-IH, 1853,4 c. Disregarding Ibis provision the Legislature called the second Indiana Convention Tn 1550. thus varying the time fixed In the Constitution. As 1 have stated, these l«o cases may or may not hive been a substantial depattnie from the path prescribed In the Consti tution. The third rase occurred in Delaware In 1833. The Delaware Constitution of 18-U provided as follows : “No Convention shall he culled bat by authority of the people, and an vnexc'pllonutis t ray of mahirg thtlr sens# knoten wlb be fur them to vote by ballot,’' 4c., then going on to indicate the mode of determining the result of the vote. In 1833 the General Assembly called a Cunveut.un in a way iu some respects varying from this unexceptionable way provided by the Constitution, and l"c question •as raised m the Convention whether it was not for that reason an illegitimate body. (Bee Const. Conv , ser. SlB, n. 1.) Uwas decided that it was not* tliat body being of the opbilou that the way pointed cut was “ recumtneimalurv* and but per emptory.” The language of the CoustituUo'i. it may he urged tb stippoi t of this decision. Is con s sfenl with I*. When It* (tamers tqioke of “an tlnerccpl'npahle way**’ they evldctilty had In mlud the possibility that other ways might be thought mote expedient* under the thcntiHirt' ce«* ,’llipse ate all (he, precedents t have met with that cab be claimed by anybody to belli point Ih this tilect!«lon. Ihe eire" of the VVJ* p, "lV I .V' Ol New Votk, lit IWI» I*ll H* setts IP 1P?3» uf sintyiM'd and some oth er" cnMed under similar HMMimstahces. are "f tioaulhofltf wliaowerheie. t*eeatls«* liter were all irtse" of I'mirediloiis ealVd ny the lespeilive I egi»lsldfes. trim! no niiUM* am'toMty■ ■■»lo do had W-eh uirsh Iti lh*df I onsllutioom, Dr Hits elate of esses tliofe have Welt »om« tweii»y : jive. f. io iu ■eiiM) of my wom. ami of heiee few orcitifert l» Mate* whose[ UmpHlMl* mom ptovldvd for »i“endmehls by lh«» sp*odijo tonne, (ini Mi ttl nf them the rgiaftius Com»I«u» moos were enitfuly silent s? to i'oi.venllane. Un* rfer these rlrcimulfthces, ( have no doubt, for reaiope wUch X peed pot lerapmiUie here, that tl.tr Convention* referred to were reuularlv celled, (Hee tunvUuuohal Coiips/itmnx, paragraph 4iu.) Now. In the light of these principles and precu* dents, let us locnr to the proportion (ocril a Convention in Illinois, by the eclion of the Gen et al Assembly, al a single session, and see If it esu he feaslalncd. Article IS. fiection 1, of oar ConsttmUon pro vides ax follows: ” Whenever ofall tbo members elec ted to each brar.ch of the General Assembly shall think It necessary to alter or amend the ConstUu- Uoo, they shall recommend- To the electors at the nrxt tuition of members of (he General Assembly to tote fororagameta ConunUon.tahifitehaU appear that a majority of all the electort of Use State voting for representative* hate toted tor a Contention , the General Assembly ehcll, a*. their next eeeeion , call a Contention to consist cf as many membert at the Home of RenreeentaHsee ai the time of moling said call , to oeeltoeen in the tame manner, at t/ie earns place, and by me same tl'crore, in the sane districts that chose the mem* l*era of the House of Representatives, and which Convection tJtall meet three months after the election, for the pvrvost of reciting, altering or amending rAls Constitution. , f Now.bere are ibirteenpartlcalare in the nature of rocnlUnns. severally indicated by italics, upon the happening of which aConvention.may be le «ally Milcd in lUinois. Those conditions relate to the modus contocandl, lo the conatUntlon, time of meeting, and business of the Convention. It la proposed that the Legislature shall, at Its present session, call a Convention, under this sec tion. oat do it In a different way from that pro vided, with a view to avoid the ucceesltT ot any action of the Legislature at its session two years from cow. In othrr words. It Is recommended tbat a Convention bo. called by tbe'Leglslatorc at its present session, when the CocstitnTon only antcorl7.es this body at Us present session to recommend, and, at its next cession, to call, such Convention. . , Bat If the Legislature can disregard one of the conditions named by the Constitution, what Is to hinder It from dxaregarclngthem all—from recom mending a Convention by a vote of a majority In stead of tteththirdt, and tbat ot a Quorum actu ally present, instead of all the member; eltc'ed to »ccA OTcrclt; or from refusing to submit the Question of calling such a booy to the people? bach a doctrine would operate, potentially, at least as a repeal of the Constitution at the will of a body which derives from that Instrument its entire poner to act at all in anv capacity. A single further consideration will, 1 think, sbow more clearly the Impropriety of (he coarse P U P has been contended by eminent authority that when ore Legislature has called aConvention, con ditionally.cepeudent ombe result of a popular vole and that vote has been cast in favor offcach Conven tion, a subsequent Legislature may, oovcrthelef s, repeal (be whole act and thus deleattho Conven tion entirely. Admitting Impossibility of Mich i a repeal, there becomes apparent at once an mteui clole reason for requiring, as a con'Lnon prece dent to the call of a Convention, the reduce oflbe question to a subsequent session of theLe.wia lure. Tbat objectis lo give to the people one check Ibe more upon the coll of Conventions. Suppose after the people * Convention circumstances should mane I' unde sirable that such a body should meet, then tho legislature on coming ® in r VT fuse to call it. Who snap say that it was not with a view to such a contingency-Chat «he provision in question was made? And tt Uno answer to say that Legislatures might abate such a miirerof repeal to thwart the will of lh# people, conloprodnce at longest hat a twaporary delay. Tbe people male the Legislature. If their sober second thought accords with tfcdr first impression, a Convention is seeded, the Legislators at the session following the popular vote will be very unlikely to disagree 1b wbat 1 bate said above, I do not wish to be understood as denving that a Convention mar in fact be called, and a Constitution, with the acqui escence of the people, he changed by Ua action, although In cal.iug the body, the terms of tbe Constitution be violated. Such, action would, however, in my judgment, be revolutionary, not legal. When an occa sion irmei to which, to escape an evil greater and more urgent than revolution itself, a Convention boots to the Legislature to be the only retqnrce. It would, doubtless, be its moral duty to disobey the letter of the law to save the Commonwealth. But short of such an- occasion merc can be no pretence of right, legal or moral, ringing In a single point tbe Constitution. 011 I do notthink now exists or has this State. Wearo at peace amonjf nnffieesi* a , ad lbe world * A party not mirr^nS.! 0 Scries have, a controlling ?l ' re ' ar - J in the nation. That to Hurtles mav arise and s*®**®' ascendancy in State and . ® a y use a defective Cosstitnilon to Infringe, or subvert them, bo fir fbr proceeding, by dis obedience, to eflect the desired reforms, affords the strongest reasons for not doing so. A method of procedure proper to-day f or a party lookin'* to the conservation of the btate will be proper to morrow for another seeking Its overthrow The danger Is, lest, when the earners raise-' byonr fath- rs against usurpation and treason, are needed to save the Commonwealth from rnln. It will be‘ found that, from a childish impatience to aceom- JiUsh everything lu a moment,- Ifcev have been evellcd to tbe ground, and that, not by hostile, but by friendly hands. Yours, respectfully. Jobs A. Jaanaoa. THE FAEH AND GABDEN. The Best] methods of Crowing Street Potatoes—How to Cook Them-Jt Sup posed New Variety of Oat*—Great Yields of this Grain—Great Yields of Com—lmportance of Finding ttic Av erage Yield* [From Our Agricultural Correspondent.) Chanumigx, 111., January 3. A farmer at Muscatine, lowa, writes as follows: “I saw your direction for planting sweet potatoes last spring, iu which you ad vised *to plant deep, and oot to press the earth closely on the roots.* I wish tft ufc aaC quire what your practical reasons are f*-' deep planting ana light coverlm* Quaker gentleman in this tici:il(;riluryOryaa* the potatoes are larger when planted inches apart In the ridge, and will j many bushels per acre aa at 3 less dl» Have you ascertained the best dlstan of tllC experiment? I planted about twenty a the past season, ami planted the last of > Of UiQ end thiongh June to the Ist of July, .lu was a cold month* July hut* but in this re* B6 glon too dry to give the young phtatagood stnH* and August proving irertr tool* the late * Planting was neatly a tfntnplete litllure. 1 atn cspretallt nhxhmg to tuuhd etery economy ia culture of the h*»xt etop, to make nlnehils, If possible, (or lh» osses oh the last. Jf you can iub ill 111 p illtpliilHß. I shrtll be great If nMlijpa.** I have I Med ttllht'sl, If, tint rtll, the milk llsbed hiodes of ehltlValiUg (|jf? Phijh amt IH the I'hsl.li w Veills hhie »*loh|e.| jim nite hIUmIh! in, itt the Ti*ihi>ht> of Minch lint, niul now. tup Hit*' beheiu of the nr heW ft flrfrfs, b i)| njvp Him sijhshHM'e o| ||. . lit Hie hf=t pliu'e, Uioi iof Mie sweet potA> to luiisl I*m dfji Una is, with n good f'lFllHM arthdif 1.1 Htt is (lilt piisl, |it|i H liHiiji. w.ih dr-imed »'J»? HllUlJaWerjlM ilnMlt Itoags He|u‘d with » slight drusstng m old wmU FotU'd immure tiumh plow Uiu un.t im (*» twslvo inches ridga up w|ih tlou.iow |trn| lintsh with « hoe, 60 Ihut the ndeos tlmll he large am) « el| furjutd, \ hayo ('..und llmt u is heller to allow Ihcso ridges to ti-itle come dgys hehug the plants are set, es pecially ii Iho weather Is dry at the time. It Is UdtiT it we have a rain fail aller preparing the ridg«s, to settle the earth and make them moist. AU newly plowed ground locs moisture very rapidly from the aitriace for three or four days, unless rolled, hut In this case rolling is out oi the ones- , lion, and we must wait for rain to moisten " • • the ridges, or until the moisture ari-es from below by capillary stttraction, which will occur in from three to four davs, and the ridge will proent a more homogeneous character, suited to the tender rootlets of Uxei young plant, n t\ bin plants arc properly grown In the hot-hed, tbe main root is about six inches lonjr, and this should ho set in the to its lull depth, and It will throw out ' . libers throughout its length. If plartcd shallow iu tho ridee, or if the plant hes been grown with a shallow covering in the hot-bed, as is 100 often the case, there is / danger of losing the newly set plant by J drouth. If set deep, as stated, thev will have plenty of moisture, and if thev appear •' for n time, curly iu tbe season, to make alow progress, yet they will be found to have made firm roots, and on the approach of ' warm weather will grow off rapidly. Id setting, it is important that the roots be not moved, for these contain the germ of the tuber. In setting a cabbage or similar plant, press the earth firmly around the roots, for the simple reason that it Is neces sary to secure the moisture for the plant, otherwise it will die. On the other hand, the root of the sweet potato is tong and sets deep, and, added to this, it Is Invariably watered at the lime. A majority of farmers sot their sweet potatoes during a rainy spell. • This la a bad practice, fir the plants do bet ter set after a rain than before or durio<* one. As a gtmeial rule, early planting Is Setter than late, that Is, in Central Illinois and lowa, the last half *of May. Sixteen Inches appear to bo the best distauce iu the ridge, with the ridges sixteen inches apart. In cultivating, a double-shovel plow can be rnn between the rows several times, urd, nntil the vines cover the whole space, keep the ridges clear of weeds with the hoc. and we may expect a good crop. The Early Nansemond, a yellow, short, medium-sized potato, is the best. The Red Bermuda Is of little value, os it is too watery, and, on the whole, will net produce so good a crop. The sweet potato has a Cx»-d place among the garden vegetables over a large part of the State, and each year adds to a better mode ol culture, of keeping and of cooking. A SfPrOPED KCW VARIETY OF OATS. * Since the last horvestcousidemble has been said in the agricultural and other papers in regard to a new variety of the oat family, grown in DeKalb County, and there named the “ surprise outs.” The seed is belngsold fora large price by those Interested, nr'd the question comes from numerous correspond ents,‘*ls it a humbug I-” It is not safe to call everything a humbug at sight, yet we should carefully scan every new thing with a strung suspicion in that direction. Many of the readers of the Triucse have not for gotten the Rocky Mouiitain'com sent out by Crandall, of Sandwich, DeKalb County, a dollar swlndlc of the basest,.kind. When wc look over the long list of agricultural bum bugs, from the days of China tree com down to that of sugar-making sorghum, we aro apt to shrug up our shoulders' at anything in the lime called m-w. and the owner should' rot feci hard toward the farmer who did not, at flrst sight, so fully appreciate the novelty os to ray a thousand per cent for it more than it Is worth. It is certain that these oats are very remark ble In yield and firm iu appearance, fur we must take such respectable evidence as Is presented that they did yield one hundred and thirty bushels to the acre, and that they do weigh forty-five pounds to the measured bushel. I examined these oats ut the Statu Fair held In Chicago, and have now on my table samples of them, and I must say that I am unable to Identify them with any variety with which I am acquainted, bat from their history must conclude that they may yet be Identified with some European variety* Ills alleged that they sprung from five kernels nr seedlings, (bat were accidentally found growing—whoie? iu afield, or among a sample of wheal, sehl mil from the Depart ment of Agriculture at Washington ? Now, find tline bteti one grain, or one stalk, wo might enm-lmle ttmt 11 was a hybrid, but five ktrtifh, nil alike, lead vis In reject Hit* bjf oiliest", ami reHi'C to call ll a new pat without further Invesltgalhuii Tim grains bate an exceedingly thick husk, like the jmtiiln and barter out, but the latter ate late In maiming, while (beuhe in question la aaht Iu bn very early. . bet ns look a lUtlnni ibe field ami atm If Ulsso nry exlumrdlimry. Thorn me wnlt RiilbetilU'died yield* of barley u*U of eighty measured bnshrMo the imm, wlmih would w.-tgh over bn tv punml* to the limlnd. In om> Instanvn | rul=nl tin hbb night hum drnd hiMimis nf Urn Block hifhman oats on ten «cr*q from lit** •««(! of twenty rtvo bushels, TliM wsa Urn three-rnnnded or hooped measure by which toaU wera sold. . A Ullla later nopnda were sold dir a bushel, and in l*!H (he Legislature made thlrly»lwo pounds tho legal bpshel, The Tartarian oats weighed forty-two pounds to the heaped measure by f. hichthey were sold, which would give to he acre 3,860 pounds, 133 bushels legal weight of the surprise oat weighing 4,250 pounds, or 806 pounds In excess, or twenty, eight bushels per sere. I have cropped tho Black Tartarian oat more or less from that year, 1843, to the present time, and have done my best to repeat the big crop, hut have never come within forty legal bushels of it. That Is, in plain English, I have never since exceeded fifty bushels of thirty-two pounds each, and have made an average of some thirty-five bushels to the acre, the crops ranging from twenty, five to filly bushels, and during the year of the rust infliction very moch less. - Suppose we put the average crop at forty bushels and compare it with the new* crop : the differ, ence is remarkable. But during the six years of these Surprise oats, we hear nothing of the average yield. While we may concede their great value over all other varieties now grown, and re commend their trial in all parts of the country yet we would not have farmers too sanguine that they will reap any like amount as stated. If we had the crop of the six years, so as to make up a rule of progres sion, we might predict the yield In future years, but without such data we must be content with the view that like the cow with triplets it is not certain of repetition. I will now answer the question of our cor respondent,in the negative,in this way: That the oats certainly are a promising variety, whether they be proved new or old, and, as a sample * of them have been sent to the World’s Fair ak Paris, we mav safely leave tho question of identity with' the Great Exhibition. In the meantime let our farmers try them, ana sea what they will do, on all sides, and under all conditions to which other varieties of oats are subject. GREAT TIIXD3 OP COK2?. Apropos ofereat yields, I note some of corn. One in Hamilton County, Ohio, of I*3 bushels in 1847; one In Middlesex County, Connecticut, in 1544, of 151 bushels- and eighteen quarts; one by Joel Walker, of Bclvidere, Boose Connty, In 1841. China Tree corn, 169 bushels; Yellow Dirt. 170 bushels ; New Jersey 8-rowed, 98% bushels. These yields have the usual authentication, and yet no attention appeared to be paid to tho great value of the seed of these Immense yields to secure other like crops. In 1842 I sold Lieutenant Leavenworth, of Chi- twenty-two bushels of corn, the pro duct of twenty-three rods of land, being part of a feeding pen for cows the previous year. This is at the rate of 175 bushels to the acre, and yet the average yield Is less than * fifty bushels to the acre. We must make a wide margin bel'Twa"big’ ’ yields and the the average. Rural.