Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 13, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 13, 1867 Page 2
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€l)iccujo tribune. DAILY, TBI-WEEKLY ASD WEEKLY. OFFICE. So. 31 CLAKK-ST. That are three edition* of the Txtßtnn tuned, Ist. Jtctt Tn rt r"»*ir- fof circulation hr earners, newsmen ar<d the malls. ?4. The Tn-Wimr, Mondays, Wad. eredays and Fridays, for the mails only; and the cmr, on Thursday!. far the malls and sale at oar counter and by newsmen. . Terms efthe ChlnoTrlbsgef ' D; w<uiTe»in tu nu i^*"'Vav::: 8 s.i2 Daily, to mail subscribers (per annum, pays* w*i.iii .... TrtWe«3y.(per annum. payahlcln adran«) 5.00 Weektnwerammm. raysoe laadranee) 4.00 IT Flaettonai pans of the year at the same rates. Persons remitting and ordering fire or more copies of either the Trl- Weekly or Weekly editions, may retain ten percent of thoaubscrlpUon price as a, commission. Ktfnceio Srßec*iß«.—ln ordering the address ol yonrpaptrs'changed, to prevent daisy, he sure and specify what edition yon take—Weekly, Tri-Weekly, or Dally. Also, glreyourpExarjfTandftiture address. pr Money, by Draft, Express, Money omen, or in Becistered Letters, may be aent at onr risk. Address, TRIBUNE CO,. Chicago. 111. SUNDAY, JANUARY 13,1507. SBN&XOB TBtIIIBIXL ASD HIS BNBUIIBS. It is altogether discreditable to the Repub lican party of Illinois that there should ex* Ist ■within Its pale a clique of politicians capa ble of resorting to the means which have been, and arc still being employed, to defeat the re-election of Senator Trumbull. The office of Senator of the United States Is open to the ambition of any man, but there is a choice of methods by which that ambi tion may be gratified. The opponents of Senator Trumbull have chosen the lowest and vilest methods in the catalogue, and have Injured themselves far more than they have injured him. The people arc amazed at the folly of these malcontents. With them the great abilities, the unblemished character, the unequalled services of Senator Trumbull, all go for nothing when placed in the balance against the petty jealousy, the disappoint ment, the fancied neglects, of which, in their respective cases, the Senator may have been at any time, tbc unconscious cause. We can account for a part this. We can realize how. In tbc throng of applications for office and aid at the hands of one high in position, some should be found who, In tbclr disappointment, remain unconscious or unmindful of the fact that a Senator, performing official duties of the character of those devolving upon Judge Trumbull, and performing them in the man ner he has done, cannot, in addition, secure a lucrative office, and execute one or more laborious commissions for each individual constituent. We can imagine how certain Major Generals may he Inclified to under value. the services of those who, with not inferior courage or devotion, and with even superior ability, guarded the Republic at another “front.** We can understand all this, because it Is In accord with what every day’s experience leaches ns respecting the narrowness and the presiding selfish ness of human nature. But that these gentlemen—many of them old politicians and aspiring men— all of them, In every other regard, we be lieve, to be credited with average common sense—can he so blinded as to suppose that the people approve their present attempt; or that the people, in case that attempt is successful, (of which, we arc thankful, there is no discernible chance), would do less In their displeasure than bury out of sight and mind, politically, every man, whoever he might he, who !s peddling lies about Judge Trumbull, and tampering with the honesty of members who have been instructed In their duty by their constituents—arc facts which can hardly he explained. Wc say to these men that they little un derstand .the bearing and personal conse quences of tbc business in which they arc en gaged. They may succeed, by dint of such appliances as cormpt politicians know how to nsc, in creating for a day such an atmos phere about the town of Springfield as will make the eyes of some men there incapable of discerning the sky beyond ; in so stuffing their cars that they shall cot hear, until too late for themselves, the murmur of Indigna tion already rising—and every day more and more, as the ways and methods of this con spiracy are divulged—from the hearts of hon est men throughout tbc State. But wc tell the men who thus suffer their senses to be lulled, that the people, no matter what tbc pretext, will not forget it. It was the openly expressed and general understanding, pending the canvass of last fall, that Jndgc Trumbull, if the Republican party had the power to accomplish it, should be relumed to the Scuate. There was no one issue, connected with that election more clearly made np, and now, for any ooc, no matter how sup ported or what hla claims—especially for any new candidate not known In that can vass, to como in and seek to cheat the peo ple’s will by the sort of means which have been employed, Is, to say the least of It, a most perilous undertaking for them. I We do not dwell upon this matter from tnlripnn ~w~ deem the rcnommatloo ana election of Judge Trumbull secure; but wc ask that the fair came of the State—as fair for manliness, and honor, and open dealing as that of any Com monwealth the sun looks upon—shall not bo disgraced by any such low chicanery, or by any such vote as would make the world be lieve that only by desperate energy and a bare majority can such a public servant as Lyman Trumbull be here retained In the po sition he fills. We ask that the vote be such as shall proclaim the attempt to be what it is, in fact, the work of a factious and disaf fected few, without support or apology in the opinions of one out of ten of the loyal men of Illinois. - ask our legislators to remember that the place to he filled Is that of a Senator of the United States. We ask them to remem ber the services of Lyman Trnrabull—the pride that stirred their hearts last winter when they read that grand series of argu ments which no other man in the State, If in the nation, than our Senator could have made. Wc ask them to remember his un equalled fitness for the place—and then by acclamation to return him, not as a reward for services only, but for the honor of Illi nois. THE COSmON COUNCIL AND THE PEOPLE, The Common Council Lave decided that j they will not ask the Legislature to permit j the people of Chicago to decide whether they ( will have the power to put an end to the gas i monopoly. T'u-y have resolved to appoint a commissioner to inquire into the probable cost of constructing gas works and supplying the city and the public. There is no objec tion to that inquiry—Indeed such an inquiry Is a necessary one, and one that cannot be dispensed with when the time comes for ac tion. But the proportion now before the Connell is not whether the city shall manufacture Itsown gas, nor whether it shall purchase the worksof the old gas companies, nor whether it shall expend one dollar In the matter; but the question Is, shall the Com mon Connell ask the Legislature to vest the city with the power,*to be used hereafter, with the consent of the people, to take such steps as may be necessary to protect the pub lic from extortion. The Legislature Is now in session; one of the six weeks of that ses sion has passed away; the Legislature will not meet again ‘until 18G0, and in the mean time the contracts with the gas companies will expire, or he so near their close that sew contracts will be unavoidable. "We can understand well how tbo gas companies will profit by any delay that will carry this matter bcyond.thc adjournment of the Legislature, but we do not understand bow any person having tbo Interests of the city at iicort can, under the plea of Investigation, refuse tbo only avail able means of proieetton should the occasion for such protection hereafter arise. The proposition now before the Legislature Is simply that the city of Chicago shall have the power, whenever a necessity for its exer cise arises, to manufacture gas for Us own use, and for tbo use of the public. The present question Is, will the Com mon Connell endorse the request that the Legislature grant that power? If that power Is to be obtained and be available before Ibo time comes for making new contracts with the gas companies, It must be obtained dar ing tbo next four weeks. A majority of the Common Council have voted to postpone any cndors3nu.nl of the application for the power, until after the Legislature shall ad- Journ; thus leaving the city helpless and at Iho mercy of tin* gas companies for two years more, and for such lunger period as these companies can secure control by now contracts. It bos been but a very few years since tbc city of Chicago was supplied with water car* rled In wooden pipes; this supply was fur* ttlsbed by a private company. Fortunately there were n utlllcicot number of citizens in end out of the Common Council who had no Interest In the monopoly, to petition the legislature to etApower the city to supply the public with water. There wore "con imotlvo” men in those days as well ns now, and the effort was then made, ns it U non, to terrify the public from undertaking the bust* ness, Iktouso of the enormous expense, par* tlculoily when them was a company already engaged In the cnterpitso. lint the radicals of that day carried Urn measure, and the public have saved millions of money by the operation. The water pays for Itself, and It Is furnished to the public at least oue hundred percent cheaper than If they were at the mercy of the hydraulic company. The Common Council seem to he afraid of the people. They seem to be afraid that the people, if they get tbc chance, will break up the gas monopoly Just a« they did the water monopoly. They seem to bo afraid that the people will take the supply of gas from the band# of those who extort from 13.50 to |4.00 per thousand foot, and have It manufactured .and . .supplied for sl.sotosioo pci-thousand feet. The Com- . inon Council seem afraid that the people destroy the monopoly and break np one or two companies controlled by a score of persons, who arc now piling up fortunes at the public expense. Who does the Council represent ? The people or the gas com panies? Why not direct an inquiry wheth er the stockholders of the gas companies are willing that the city should supply the public with-gas; let the committee on de* - lay report upon this point, . ' ‘ Eight yean ago the gascompany made a contract with the Common Council for the supply of gas for the street lamps at a fixed price, and fbr the supply of the public at an other price. The gas company did not hesitate to go to the Legislature and ask and obtain the power to increase these prices. The people of this city now ask the Legisla ture to vest them with the power that here after they may protect the city and the pub lic, by manufacturing their own gas, and having It supplied at cost, and without be ing subjected to the avarice of any handful of men, corporatcd or not incorporated. The action of the Common Council ts so extraordinary that we think many of the members must have voted under a misap prehension of the real question before them. That question is, will the Council unite with the general public In asking the Legislature for the power to manufacture gas and supply it to the public at cost—that power to be exercised hereafter if deemed advisable, and then only in ease the people at the polls shall approve it? That Is the question now, and it is one admitting of no delay. Investigation is advisable, but it applies to the exercise of the power and not to obtaining it. We hope the Council will reconsider their action. They cannot defeat the measure because the peo ple can appeal to the Legislature directly, and can obtain their law in spite of the Coun cil. The Common Council at present stands in the attitude of resisting the people, and of saying to them, “Yon shall not vote down the monopoly, and you shall not have the power to supply yourselves with cheap gas.” That position is not one which representa tives of the people should occupy,and we hope they will recede from it at the first opportu nity. A few years ago,the ComroonConncil of Cincinnati put themselves in the same posi tion ; they would not ask the Legislature for any such power. The people atked for the grant, subject to a popular decision at the polls, and the Legislature gave them the power. The vote was taken, and the mo nopoly and its champions in the Council were swept away as by a hurricane. PUBLIC PARKS AND A SOULE* VAIKD. If the Central Park of New York had been laid out ten years earlier than it was, It would have cost the city hundreds of thousands of dollars less than It has, saying nothing of the time that would have been gained for the growth and development of trees and shrub* bery. Chicago should learn a lesson of wis dom in this respect, and lose no time nn necessarily in taking the preliminary steps for such public improvements as the interests of the city require, and as its rapid and al most unprecedented growth amply justifies. It is not our design to advocate any particu lar scheme, or to favor any particular loca tions ; but we have no hesitation in saying that the question of Public Parks and a Boulevard, or grand avenue, encircling the city and con necting them, Is scarcely Inferior to any in importance and interest. As a preliminary step it is perhaps most desirable that a Park Commission, comprising a suitable number of our best citizens, to be selected in a man ner least open to partisan or local influences, sbonld be appointed to take the subject into consideration—to study it in all its aspects and bearings—and adopt a plan to be carried out as fast as time and the resources of ibe people taxed for these improvements would permit. If such a commissiou Is to he ap pointed, It should, above all things, be com posed of meu of the most unimpeachable in tegrity; men whose circumstances place them above the temptation to use the place for the purposes of speculation; men who will be guided solely by the convictions of duty to the whole people, aod act with an eye sin gle to the public good. All schemes looking to advance the Interests of private corpora tions or Individual speculations should be promptly frowned down, and this great work confided to men who will look for their re ward In the approbation of their own con sciences and of the great mass of their fellow citizens to bo benefited by tbelr labors. A scheme of public improvements of this nature, wisely planned and faithfully carried out, would give our city more character aod Cone than any one thing heretofore attempted by any city on this continent. If properly done It may be carried through without im posing undue burdens upon .the tax-payers, whether the work should be done by a general tax or by one levied on the properly more Immediately bene fited. The work need not bo pressed with greater baste than the clrcumatane*# —MjOTttiy. Tbo chief point la to have a definite system of Improvements projected and determined upon—made a fixed fact as early in the Inturc as It can reasonably bo accomplished. It Is a proposition not to he galnsaycd that improvements of this kind must he made, if it Is expected to retain among us permanently the men of most wealth, or to invite hither for amusement and recreation the thousands of men who arc acquiring fortunes throughout the Northwest. But a still mightier argument Is found in the sanitary considerations belong ing to such a scheme of improvements, and in the health and pleasure it would afford the great mass of the people who can neither keep carriages nor last horses, but ride In the horse cars, and arc too closely confined to their avocations or too poor ever to get cut Into the country. The fact that such a scheme would enhance Im mediately the value of all real estate imme diately or remotely benefited by It, Is too plain to require elaboration. Thisgreatwork may be determined upon and commenced now, easier, cheaper, and with less liability to fall a prey to speculators than it can here after; for with the growth of the city the difficulties and expense will increase. The assured future of Chicago warrants and de mands the inauguration of an enterprise of tbU description, that shall distinguish her from all other cities of the country. Tbe great commercial centre of tbe Northwest, it will be our own fault If we do not make Chicago also tbe centre of tbe wealth and fashion of the Valley of the Mississippi. BUSINESS AND LEISURE. Of all the fallacious theories by which men cheat themselves of happiness, we have often thought none are more so than those which prevail among business men touching Uic art of enjoving life. In all parts of our country, but especially at the North, the almost universal practice Is to devote the whole of the best part ol life to toil, in the hope of passing a few years at the close In leisure and enjoyment. Instead of dlstrilmt* leg leisure In small portions over the whole period of 1:1c, and thus as nature dictates, mingling labor wllh pleasure at every step, the years of youth aud middle life are devot ed to incessant drudgery, wllh hardly an In termission worth minting. From early dawn till late at night-day after day—year in and year out—life is spent in one paroxysm of activity, one ceaseless, interminable pulling at the oar, with scarcely any alternations of relaxation or rest. Tbat tbis is but a spe cies of slavery, even your business man will admit; but the poor bond-slave of Mammon will tell you that he endures It for the pre sent, in the hope of canting a competency, which will enable him at some day to pur chase aU CXCDlDilon draJ^rUw, The grinding toll, the harassing cares, the exhausting brain-work, the tedious, ever dreary mocotcny of the present, he cheer folly submits to, in consideration of a future which will make up for it all In one long play-day—ln an indefinite period of repose, elegant leisure, and luxurious enjoyment. But who needs to be told bow uniformly such expectations arc doomed to disappoint ment ? Life slips through the fingers of such persons nnfclt, nnenjoyed, In tho bustle and hurry-scurry of preparing to live. In nineteen eases out of twenty the competen cy, for the attainment of which such sacri fices arc made, is never realized; and even the envied few who arc successful find the period of leisure, when It comes, to be one of even more misery than enjoyment. 80 tremendous now Is the competition in all de partments of bnclncss, and so all-devouring the greed for money, that men of fine nerv ous organization, such as chiractcrtzcs tho chiefs of the mart, break down in the middle of their careers. Tho anxiety to distance all cutn)K!lllors, ami (he gambling spirit which now as constantly haunts the'Exchange and the grain market ns the fhro table, keeping the mind perpetually on tho rack, soon sap (lie foundations of health, and antedate old ago. Hence, In Iho great business marts, we often witness, oven In persons who have barely reached the middle of life, tho boggard, care-worn face, sunken eye, hoary hnlr, and feeble gait, which properly belong to "weird old." Nor can those results ho surprising to those who reflect that, aa a high medical aulhorllyhns remarked, "anxiety U hut a ehnmle kind of fear, a sort of inirnnUimi frvrr autl.im'f, which us.manifestly disorder* tho circulation and secretion* as that which arise* from the polsonou* malaria of the marshes, and (hat tho latter Is scarcely more deadly than that of tlm market in these day* of {desperate speculation and all-grasping monopoly,” Nature cannot he outraged with Impunity. Though a generous giver, she 1* a bard bar gainer ; and invariably, In the long run, the man who works double tides—who crowds the work of forty years into twenty, and hums his candle at both cods—will find that bo will accomplish less, by attempting to overmatch or cheat Nature, than If ho accept ediher own terms. The mind Is monarch of body, bnl, as one has said, if It ever so fac forgets itself as to trample uoon Us slave, the slave will not bo generous enough to forgive the injury, but will rise and smite Its oppressor. In all likelihood, the man who tolls and moils at busincts, without re laxation or enjoyment, through the beat years of life, with the hope of retiring at lost, and making the evening of life all boll day, all play, will never retire, except into •an.; untimely grave. But grant that he Is'what the world calls “successful**— that by ceaseless toll and self-denial he gains the high table-land which a fixed posi tion, competency, and settled relations in life may be said to form—who'does-not know what almost invariably .follows, when the stimulus which has thus for goaded him upt the steeps of business, has lost Its power ? .Ennui, world-weariness, sadness of soul and countenance, doubts “if the play bo worth the candle,** Impatience and restlessncss inshort all those ailments, partly mental and partly physical, which the French sum up in the expressive phrase, maladit du quar ante am, seize upon him, and body and. mind, deprived of their mental occupation, break down. Tbc history of society is fUll-of ex am pies of retired citizens vainly seeking, in frivolous amusements and hobbles, the means of agreeably whiling away their lime, until, at length, unable any longer to cndarc a va cuity for which they were unprepared, they found it necessary to return to their former business, if not intercepted by a death of sheer ennui and disgust. Nor Is there anything strange In such a rc* suit. After intense and prolonged labor, rest is delightful; hat after the feeling of exhaustion is gone, nothing is more irksome than enforced idleness. Who docs not re* member Charles Lamb's letter to Words* -worth, in which the prisoner of the Indla-llouse paints so vividly his misery on being released from his drudg ery f — 14 I wandered about, thinking I was happy, nud/eeling I was not. Holidays, even the annual month, were always uneasy Joys, with thsir conscious fugitiveness, the craving alter making the most of them. Hots, uhen all is holiday , there are no holidays. I can sit at home, in rain or shine, without a restless impulse for walkings.” No one who understands the force of habit would, for a moment, expect that, alter having spent twenty or thirty years of his life in a round of ceaseless activity, a man could break olf without giving his physical sys tem a shock; nor is it more surprising that, after having, m his exclusive devotion to business, neglected entirely the cultivation of his mental faculties, and thus having no inward resources to fall back upon, be should fall a prey to ennui and melancholy, and end bis days, like the Hebrew sage, in declaring all to bo v«ulty and vexation of spirit. Far different from this is the mode of life in other civilized countries. John Bull, it is true, agrees with ns, (for wo have copied from him,) in making business the all-en grossing pursuit; but on the Continent of Europe, men aim to make the xchole of lift hap py, instead of reserving all leisure and enjoy ment for a largo but imaginary bonne louche , or sweet mouthful, at last. The Frenchman, it is said, spends half of his life in public places ; tbc life of tbc Italian is quarter busi ness, three-quarters fete; the German medi tates for hours every day over his pipe.; and, Indeed, there Is hardly any part of Europe, except England, where the people do not mingle business with leisure, every day they liyc. Whether this be not the truo theory of life, in preference to that-followed by the mars of business-devoted Americans—and whether, in fact, wo can fulfil tbc purposes of our being, and enjoy that happiness in tended for us, upon any other system—wc leave the worshippers of Plutus themselves tojndgc. VUG «KXT Will, The Democratic party just at this time, is a very idek man. In Ohio, the other day, Vallaudigbam was the appointed author of its n- lutlons, and Corry was Us oracle. Vallar : :ham reported, and the Convention resolve ‘hat the Government hod become a dost ..;in and the Constitution had been de-ti • ytd. Corry insisted that all this was tp ' , but demanded that tbc Convention de clare It the duty of tbc people to nullify the laws and repudiate the National au thority, except so far as Andrew Johnson was the Government. This, of course, means war, and while Vallaudigham had much to say of the final redress of all grievances by the "strong arm," he counselled base submission to des potism rntber than take up arms to vindi cate tbe Constitution which was dally torn and violated by the party in power. Where upon, Corry pronounced the Convention a pack of hypocrites, not meaning what they said, or snbmisslonlsts, too cowardly to back up their own words by deeds, and Corry told tbe truth. On the same day there was a little gather ing at Washington City, where Andrew Johnson, and Cowan, and Doolittle, and others, were having an old-fashioned Demo cratto{barhoouo ; and where It vraa discovered that liberty of speech had been sufficiently restored to permit the expression of the fame thoughts and sentiments which, during the war could only he uttered within the rebel lines. At that gathering, in the pres ence and hearing of Andrew Johnson, little Andrew Jackson Rogers, of New Jersey, made the announcement that the country was going to ruin, (Rogers has been turned out of Congress by his constituents), and it was time fur the brave and true men to arm for the national defence. He declared that, If at the next Presidential election, the Southern States and the Northern Demo crats had a.majority of the electoral College, and the former were denied the right to vote, or If Congress “ should dispute the right of their President to control the Govern ment/’ he, for one, was for calling upon the army and navy- On the same day, and about the same time, one James Brooks, of New York, ad dressed a Democratic Convention In New Haven, and he took the occasion to de nounce Congress In the most unmeasured terms; and, he added, that If that body undertook to impeach the President, and that officer should call for aid, the Dem ocracy wonld pour by ten thousand railroad trains to Washington; nor would the civil war thus produced bo confined to the other side of the Potomac; desolation and ruin would he brought to Northern homes. From all this It will be seen that the Dem ocracy arc very unhappy, and that the only thing from which they can derive any com fort or promise for the future is in another civil war, in which desolation and ruin shall he brought to every fireside in the North. A party which can promise the people nothing better than civil war, desolation and ruin, and which insists that that is the only remedy for existing evil, may well be sala to be sick, sick unto death. BEAUREGARD* The Copperhead press has made a great ado over General Beauregard’s speech to the Congressional excursionists at Canton,which they have represented as heartily loyal and cordial towards the Radical visitors. The General seems to have been sorely annoyed by these misrepresentations, and he writes a letter to the New Orleans Timet, fa which he •first denies having made any speech at all, and then proceeds to show that he did not mean any thing in particular by what he said in nri vale conversation. According to his version of bis remarks, be said be believed the “Southern people were now willing to ac cept the Constitution as made by the war “and understood by the Supreme Court that the South onght not to accept the Con stitutional Amendment, which “its interests •‘»uQ znannooa rorbaae. The South was “at the mercy of the North, hut “should never do anything which Its honor “could not approve.” As to the report that he said be was in favor of a “ consoli* dated Government, 11 he now explains that “ho meant a common Federal National Gov* “eminent, operating under thcConstitulion, “as interpreted by the Supremo Court.” It will be seen that the General's “speech,” as explained by himself was not a particle above the nonsense with which the Southern press daily teems, and with which Southern ora* tors entertain their enlightened listeners. The South cannot accept the Amendment without a surrender ol honor. That Is the everlasting song of nil the rebels, from the lowest to the highest, and Beauregard seems no better than the rest. He appears to be laboring under the same impression that A Johnson Is in relation to a private understanding between the Supremo Court and Iho “ lost causebut we can assure him that the people have put an inlcrprcta* tlononlho Constitution, in the tribunal ol war, which they will adhere to under all circumstances. Thai Interpretation excludes traitors from power, and gives the Govern* incut to loyal men, end this Interpretation will be maintained against all comers what* soever, whether wearing the unUbrtn that Beauregard once flaunted i so proudly, in violation of hts oath, or the met off garments of tiro departed Taney. Bdaurejfnrd was educated at iho expense of the United Hiates Government, and was In command at Wcstßolnl attire beginning of secession, where ho followed tiro example of Benedict Arnold, and plotted against his country. Having violated all iris military «>aths, and having drawn money from the United Hiates Government as IU trusted servant, while conspiring for Us destruction, he now exhibits a precious sense of honor in raying that tho South cannot adopt tiro Amendment without violating its manhood. |57“ A few days ago. Mr. Hasson, of lows, got a bill before the House of Representa tives, making It a felony for any Judge to or* der or decree the sale of any person Into slavery as a punishment for 'crime, or upon any other pretext. This act was aimed di* redly at (be Courtsofthe State of Maryland, I who persist Id executing the old pro-slavery taws of that State. The bill was passed, and | seven Copperheads recorded their names In favor of it. One of the seven, we are gratified to learn, was, Mr. Ross, of this State, whose previous rec ord has been of a character that would satis fy even Jeff. Davis. There is no effect with out some cause, and we suppose we are justified In attributing this change of front by Mr. Ross to that wonderful change In sentlmcut among his constituents; a change very nearly resulting in hla defeat In the hitherto overwhelmingly Democratic Dis trict. We arc glad that the lesson has not been thrown away upon Mr. Ross. IST The reply of Senator Trumbull to the letter addressed to him by General Palmer on the subject or the Civil Bights BUI, Is all the more crushing for its politeness and dig* nlty. It appears that General Palmer has reduced bis claim to the authorship of the Civil Rights BUI, to the first section thereof, which declares all persons of African descent, born and residing in the Unl’.ed States, to be citizens. It will proba'bly bo difficult to es tablish the parentage of this Idea. If Gen* era! Palmer were applying for a patent upon It, hU claim would be defeated by the fact that Mr. Raymond of New York, and Mr. Farnsworth, of Illinois, had both proposed to have It Incorporated in the legislation of Congress before It flashed upon General Palmer. And, as everybody knows, Attorney General Bates had publish ed an elaborate opinion, in 1803, to the effect that all persons of African descent born and residing In the United States are citizens. General Palmer has not explained, up to the present time, the alteration of the date of his letter from “January 10” to “Decem ber—.” After he shall have done this, he can settle the conflicting claims to the great Idea, which burst from him at an uncertain period of time, at his leisure. Another expedition was started out from Springfield on Friday to hunt up men in Chicago who would advise the Cook County delegation to violate their instructions In re lation tothcSenatorship. Their mission was a total failure, and especially so among the soldiers, who have no sympathy with the aristocracy of political Generals who are grabbing all tbc offices, by fair means and foul, in the gift of the people. Tbc soldiers of the Fourteenth Army Corps seem to have a special aversion to Geucral Palmer, as though they kucw him better than other people. Perhaps they did, until the altera* tion of the date or bis letter to Senator Trombnll came to light. gy General Palmer bad an altercation with Hie correspondent of the Chicago Tbiduke In the hall of the Leland House at Spring* field. In reference to the stealing and sup* prcffilon of a package of our papers a few days since. It is the unanimous testimony of those who witnessed the affair, that our correspondent bore himself with more dig nity and composure than the gallant General. Nobody has charged the gallant General with stealing our papers. Wc do not be lieve that he dW. Such an enterprise would hare been too puerile for a full grown man to engage in. What about the alteration of the date of the letter to Judge Trumbull, from 44 January 10’* to 44 December ” ? Et?" The fi lends of General Palmer pretend to find fault with Judge Trumbull for his alleged conservatism. The people, who In structed their Representatives to vote for his re-election, were not aware of his being specially conservative. It is singular that Judge Trumbull’s Jtadioal enemies should fix their admiration on a member of John Tyler's Peace Conference, who was sent there by Governor Yates on account of his supposed firmness, and came home in such a wilted and dilapidated condition that bis friends hardly knew him. THIS SENATORIAL ELECTION. [From the Illinois Stoats Zcitung.J The Etfnlng Journal , the day bdorc yesterday, bad an article, tn reply to oar article aboat the election of a United States Senator for Illinois, In which we contended that this question, by the de cision of the people, bad been taken oat of the bunds of the politicians. The Journal , at lea*U does nut take the position which wo branded yesterday as Insolent aristocracy and shameless Infamy, that the Representatives and servants of the people need not care for the Instructions of their electors. On the contrary, 11 concedes that a Representative is a traitor, if he violates his In structions. Bat the Journal maintains mat the people have themselves nowhere declared for the re-election of Trumbull. Wo know very well that (be Republican (State Convention did not make a formal nomination of a candidate for the United States Senatorsbtp, bat it was not accessary, as there woi eat that time no other candidates before the people bnt Trumbull and Logan. Noiody rpoitc of General Palmer then ; at least be bad not announced himself as a candidate. That the representatives of the Republican party assembled in the State Convention at Sorlngfiold cld not want Gen. Logan for Senator, Is apparent from their nomlaatlnghlm as Congressman at large By accepting that nomination, General Logan re signed bis claims to the Senatorial dignity, and so Trumbull remained the single candidate in the held. Though not all, yet many, If cot most of the Lc;.l*lailvc Conventions declared themselves for Tiumble,/or JWmernota tingUone, He was, In fact, no candidate during tno canvass; at least bo bad not declared himself as such, though with more smartness than conraeobs ma; have thought ofmaklngJadgcXnnnballconildoDtand then of pitching Into blm at the right moment. Wo personally esteem General Palmer, bat at the same time we arc bound to say, that we do not like bis style of warfare, or rather that of bis fr ends; it i.« not the open battle, wncre the oppo nent Is attacked with open visor. Tbc triend* of the General light from ambush. In one word, bis style of fightingls not worthy of a gnllaut and honored soldier; it is simply disgusting. It is really childish to support General Palmer against the ‘*etay-.U-homc'‘ Senator Tmmball by talking abont bis gallant and mentotlons services In the Held. If Palmer, at the outbreak ot the war, bad been a United States Senator, instead of being a member ol that disastrous Peace Confer ence, it is very likely he would nut have left hts position. Senator Trumbull couM be mure nsetni to the country by bis statesmanship; it would, therefore have been a blunder on bis part if be bad gone to the war. Wbat we need now, is not soldiers, but states men, whose task is ten times more d!fU:nU than warfare. Their tack is toeoenrsthe frails of the victory and a la*tlng peace, based on equal rights. For that pnrpose we want men like Lyman Tram ball, who, whatever his adversaries may assert, always was a power In the Senate. Amember open whom not only Illinois, but fbo whole nation looks with pride. Tbooch the people have not declared unani mously for the election of Trnmbnll, there is not tbo least indication that they intend to defeat Trnmbnll by Palmer. The latter Is supported by a few politicians, whose intentions ore to misrep resent and defeat the will of the people. We warn these politicians, and In their own in terest, we hope that they will not carrr their point. They would raise a storm of indignation, not only In Illinois, but In all the Northern States, which coaid hardly resist. PERSONAL. Little PalU has composed a song called “ The Last Kiss.’' Jenny Lind Is Vies President of the London Academy ol Music. Marshall, the engraver, Is going to Washington to print Grant, with a view to a line engraving. The oldest living actor, according to the Boston JW, Is “Superfluous Lags, the veteran on the stage.” Pricce Napoleon and the Duke of Rutland have each ordered a boat like Ibe “Red, White tad Bine.” from Ingcrsoll, the boat builder. A bronze statue or General John F. Reynolds is proposed to be erected 00 the Held of Gettysburg!!, where be fell. Mrs. Jane G. Snisebelm has Just finished a work of fiction which. It Is sala, photographs*a number of Government officials in and abont Washington. Lord t-t. Leonards, who died a few weeks ago In Us eightieth year, was. next to Lord Brougham, the oldest legal member of the Boose or Peers. He was bora in February, I<Sl. A London journal states that an old man, W. H. Invention of tabular boDer* Is well known to have caused an entire modifies tlon or the railway system, is in great destitution. A San Francisco paper reports that Mrs. Annie Ashley, the wifb or Ashley, the member of Con gress for Nevada, has been arrested in that city charged with threatening to shoot a woman who gave the name ot Martha Cunningham. Jealousy. Miss Dora Freibertbeyser, a ballet etrl, need elchteen, was burned to death at the SU Louis Va rieties, list week, by her gauze skirts taking fire from a red hot stove In her dressing room. Her father originated the ** Swiss Belt Ringers.” The celebrated preacher. Pere Uyaeiuthc, isal present giving a course of lectures at Notre Dame. In Paris, He is described as a floe looking man. of about forty years of age, handsome features, an aquiline nose, somewhat full and sensual lips, and a well squared chin. He presuits an impos ing appearance In the pulpit, attired mtbc cos lame offals order—a dress of coarse brown wool len and hood and capote of white, naked feet and sandal?, a closely sharer head, with the exception ofibesfcort Mnsoof dark hair, which Just stops short at the temples. Ibo louden A'htnaum ssyst “Oar readers arc aware that one of the works In which the late Prince Consort engaged was that of making a collection of Raphael's works. It Is not so well known that be also contemplated making a'eol- Icctton of Michael Angelo’s works, and that he made a considerable progress towards Its comple tion. Mr. Woodward, her Majesty’s librarian. Is engaged, In conjunction with Mr. Hulind, In making a catalogue of these works; hence, we wo suppose, the rumor which Is utterly without foundation,that faeris writing a Ills of Michael Angelo for tbo Muteo. Mr. Woodard 11 proceed ing nlih his chief task, the ” Life of Leonardo da Vinci.” A newspaper correspondent visiting Avignon Uhly railed upon Mr. Mill, snd thus describe the Inleivlewt "I learned In linden that J. htusrt Mill made this place his home every win* (<*r; and so he does, and 1 have put returned from an Interesting visit with him (or an bonr, 1 railed at his little, unpretending domicile at 3 p. m. lie lad gone out walking. lien a card writ* tenon the hick that 1 would call again at six o'clock, so a friend and I did. We were received courteously, Infoi malty, and we hod a free and inU>ie«Ung interview: talked on all the great questions concerning our country, and many dis cnatcd In his writing*. Mt friend was over piraied wnb him, and as a polished man he came fully up to my previous expectations. Uta per* aonsl apyearaoce la agreeable, miring manners. aSsble and “ easy *• talker; though be talks care fuhy. ne told us to look at Avignon, that there was tot anything like U la Europe," EUROPE. Our Special Foreign Corres pondence/ The Fenian Fiasco. Interesting French View of Amer- ican Politics. The New German Confederation- Better Prospect for the Liberals—Hostility to the King, Curious System of Paying School- Teachers in Germany. ora lohuos letter. President Jolumon and the English Prcn A Bloodless Innnrrectlon—The Fenian Fla»co—The Ac Ua tore In America and their Game of Deception —The PieWK-Cookery of the Ensllth Prew-A French View of American Politics—Novel Opinions of a Distin guished Statesman. [Special Corrcgpundenco of the Chicago Tribnno.] ].ondon, England, December 19. Mr. Johnson puts his English Admirers in a dhagrccablc fix by his attitude on the Fenian and Alabama questions. As they are Just the people who want to use Fenians for shot, and who have declared that there ought to have been twenty Alabamas In stead of one, they ore embarrassed by find ing their pet President taking, from what ever motives, an opposite coarse. The Timet gets oat of the matter by plainly pointing to the composition of Congress to show that he docs not represent the feeling of the peo ple ; but this would hardly suit the game of the Telegraph , Herald, Saturday Jltvtew, and other anti-American papers, part of whoso care It Is to represent Mr. Johnson as supported in the woolc of his policy by the majority of the people iu the Union, so that, as you may expect, the leading articles on the message and subsequent events have been somewhat of a muddle. The Liberal papers like the Daily Xetet, the Spectator, the Star , <fcc., &c., arc thoroughly with Congress, though, I believe, the idea of any formal impeachment of the President is unpleasant even to them. The Republican parly are the best judges of what should be done—wo have not the in formation necessary; but I should not rep resent fairly the lone of our press if I did not mention this part of their counsels. AMERICAN" FINANCE. But the fact which is producing the great est cficct In Europe, the circumstance which more than the war, mure than the tenacity, the courage, the self-sacrifice ol the military struggle. Is conquering for the United States the admiration of civilized countries, !s the rapidity with which the debt is being cleared away. Our Governments, groaning under a burden which thev have come to believe is not to be removed or lessened, cannot un derstand the astonishing strength and energy which Is enabling you to get so speedily free. The Timet says it won’t last, ana presently, when the reconstruction is settled, Congress will set to work and repeal the obnoxious imposts which arc adding so much to the surplus. It is the prayer or every sympathizer wllu absolute forms of Government that America may yet stop in the path and set tle down with the grim old man of Debt on her* shoulders. < A BLOODLESS INSURRECTION, I believe I am speaking strictly within the limits of truth when I say that, notwith standing nil the terrible rumors ofFenim invasion; and despite the wonderful prepa rations ot the British authorities, and taking still Into account the length of lime which bus elapsed since the consniracy was first concocted, up to the present moment, not a bruised nose, not a single black eye, has come out of it. Never before, in the history ofthc world, was there such an ionoccut “ insur rection.” As I go through our streets, 1 see at the police stations, and on the dead walls, a large placard, in the centre of which is a photograph of the “head-centre” Stephens, and 1 read tbat£2,ooo Is olfcred for his arrest. I see In the papers that half a dozen persons every day, on an average, are mis taken. in tho various largo cities of the king* dom for the escaped ot Dublin Bridewell; that commotions occur at Intervals through the discovery of a rusty musket—which af terwards proves to he a weapon used by a boy to scare crows with; that little islands as remote as Jersey are made to pass a sleep less night through tho report of the presence ofthc arch-enemy of Great Britain. I ob serve that at Liverpool the police seized a packet ot phosphorus and invited the mag istrates to come and sec It burnt. I find the Dublin conservative Journals uporaidlng lieutenants of counties for absenting them selves from the “field of danger;” and tbc Tory papers, with Punch at tbclr head, threatening tbc obstinate rebels with the fate of the Sepoys in India and the negroes In Jamaica, —the blowing from tbo cannon’s mouth being specified with particular gusto. I learn that tho Irish jails arc full of prisoners; that every Paddy who, in a drunken bout, cries aloud that he is a “Fenian,” Is forthwith clapped into prison on the charge of treason ; and I see the Government organs taking credit for tho extraordinary display of ‘‘vigor and deter mination” on tho port of the ministers. But of tbc spilling of blood I hear not a word. Donnybrook fair Is a bottle of old Lclpsic compared with the Fenian “ engage ments” ot I&JU, Such an exhibition of brag- Srart pot valor I cannot call to mind. ' am coming rapidly to think, that the Irish rebel is the most pusil anlmous creature under the face of tho san. He tarns sick at tbo thought of a scratch. He will write poetry by the yard, and very decent poetry, too, and will moot his fel lows in back yards and hay lofts, and take oaths, and hide fire-arms, but wben tbc po lice come to his door ho goes as quietly with them as a Quaker. Ido not blame him for this, heaven knows, for he has not tho faintest imaginable chance of doing any good by resistance; but Ido despise and condemn, with all my energy, the rabid talkers in America, who promise and vow a war, o victory, and I know not what besides. They arc not only making themselves ri diculous, but putting Ireland to shame. There is not in that country the fighting stuff by which rebellions arc made. There arc not twenty men in it who are Inclined to follow the example of the insurgents of % Milan in the outbreaks attributed to tbc In fluence of Mazzini, and the Fenian leaders in America must know tbc fact by this time, but for purposes of tbelr own, refuse to openly recognize it. THE NEWS-COOKERT OF THE ENGLISH PRESS. The secret is out- We now know why Reuter’s people have so carefully limited themselves to a lice a week-of American news by the Cable. They have starved us In order to make us hungry. Like all other monopolists, they arc greedy to gluttony, and I devoutly hope that a lesson Is in store for them. After contriving to get the papers into n band, and to relinquish all their own independent agencies, and after first offering to cater for nominal some,and then gradually stealing up by steps to tbc highest charges, and gradually getting their victims Into their power, these astute Israel . ilea, have now come down upon our - journals for an altogether new Item, and de cline to furnish any more American news alter tho first of January unless each paper pays them an additional £IOO a year! An answer is demanded by the end of the month. If this Is assented to, another £203 will bo asked In December, ISO 7, and our timid or mutually jealous newspapers must submit. lam not without reasons'for think ing, however, that a stand will be made on the present ground. Sooner or later our journals must fight these cormorants, and perhaps this new demand is all that was wanting to stir them into serious resistance. A FRENCH VIEW OF AMERICAN POLITICS. I am not snre that it is pleasant to read strictures by foreign critics upon our public men or institutions, however much we may assent to what they may say. Tho first impression may even be ono of hostility: yet, to thoughtfhl and far-seeing men, much that Is said In this wav is not unfre quenily fruitful in the way of suggestion or encouragement. It can hardly, for example, be a matter of indifference to cultivated American people to know what the ablest writers and the most honest and liberal of French politicians think of American affairs. The Heating and changing opinion of a Gov ernment journal is worthless; nor should I set much store upon tbc passing criticism or smartness of a Parisian newspaper of tho more indepen dent school. But there has appeared this week an essay of a graver and more valuable character, namely, one la the new number of tho Revue dt» Bntx Monde*, by the well known Liberal writer and -the son of the veteran statesman, M. Dnvergier de Hau ranne, who has visited the United States. The Revue Is, in public matters, the mirror ol wbat Is left in France of moderate const!- tutional ideas; hostile enough to the Em pire, but also removed from the aspirations typified by thcfcmnrt borne the contributions ofthc very flower ol modern French intellect, and the Revue Is seen on the table of every European Minister I prot*ose to give you some account of this article, translating here and there a particu larrwsragc. M. Duvergler’s contribution Is divided Into e ?\ en ..?. ba P crß - “od U is described by tho title “President Johnson and the American Congress.” M. Duvergter commences by slating that tho victorious contest of a Par llamcntary assembly against the usurping tendencies of an arrogant President, seeking lo constitute himsclfDictatororhls country, bat tor Frenchmen some curious and In ■tractive lessons. “Accustomed, as we arc.” lie adds, “to very different spectacles, we cannot see without Interest mingled with surprise and even admiration, tho good souse. P. n ? nr ?* l . 111,(1 of Jurtlco which tho United Mates have employed In extricating themselves from a crisis which anywhere else would have lighted tho flames of civil war.” He even recalls tho circumstances under jvhli i the rapture between Mr. Jolmsou aud tho Congress took place in tho sprliig, and dvrs an animated and succinct narrallvo ot tho succeeding events. Betoro tho f»- nuxi* tour, tho President, ho says, had paMed ovi rto the side of tho enemy, and tlin Southerner had reappeared under tho covering of a Unionist and a travelling dorn oerat. Either Irorp a recollection ofhl* origin, or electoral calculation, or Impa tience of contradiction, or lealouiy against (digress,—probably all those combined.— ho was pained lo wltne** the humiliation of hi* coni) airiou and ouly thought ofhow he could cancel for them their forfeiture.” It was not the fault of the Radicals that a run turo to place. “Instead of relying upon Congress to pacify the Southern Slates; ho relied upon the people of tho South to make head agair-at the people of the North. In stead or using to tho profit of the Union the authority which ho had squired over the former rebels, he asked of them less guana* , .it. TMr than Inrt." What Mr. Dnvorßler of lle Prcildontlal tour la what all tho hiiurv'ho haf done by an exemplary obodl cncototbo country*. will. It la almostim- MMIWo to ace any other en 4 to tbcao qnar- Fcla than the employment of legal forces by the Con gnaw or of brnte larcoby the Prcsl-. Snt" 11 he aprecs to no concession, his deposition, if determined nppn, . would be founded on eood 11 rigorous Justice. Tho remainder of tbo article I translate entire, that von may eco how your affaire are repre sented to the most Influential classes of Eu rope hy the most eminent, of. European wri ’tcreand statesmen: Everything leads os to believe, says Mr. TVnv-rsier. ” toat-Mr. Johnson will resist to the utmost; <Mt It will he a struggle to the death be tireen him and the Congress. He appears for In stance, to be getting read/for war. He hascarc inliT distributed military commands amongst his most devoted partisans; ho has peopled his Cabi net with men of action who are In his hand. He hah 9190.000,000 la the Treasury, and the Minister of Finance adds incefsantlr to (he earn. The navy la faithful to him ; be holds It folly armed at the door of me great cities cm the coast, Be has as sembled 10,W0 men in Washington, nastlr.be scema resolved to defend himself in his Government as In an armed fortress, fcrdto chase the Congress from it by musketry. Be may excite insurrection a second time In the Southern States: he rosy arm the Democrats { In the great towns ol the North, and there wonld I ensno a formidable contest which might be latal 1 to tbo republic If tbo entire army sustained the usurper, and if good citizens could not reiv upon the patriotism of General Graut. Let os hope, however, that ibese sinister suppositions arc vain. The President has In bis councils a superior statesman, who may commit molts, hat whose mild and conciliatory wisdom shrinks from the use of brnte force—whose past especially is too glaringly linked with the de fence of the National Union for him- to wish to dishonor the end of bis career hv a criminal rebellion against tbe laws of bis country. This Minister, whom every reader will know to be Mr. Seward, will spare

no effoit to bring about an arrangement between the President and Congress which will allow them to mutually support each other curing the two years they have yet to lire together. A. sew phase is attributed to him, which consists in turning the attention of tbe country toward the foreign policy and to seize again a popn'arUy widen is escaping him by taking an arrogant at titude toward tbe European powers. They will espouse the quarrel of the Irish Fenians against England. They will invade Canada under the pretext of protecting against the pitiless severity of the English taws those of the Fcuan prison ers whom the Canadian tribunal have condemned to the penalty of death. They will require of England the immediate payment of tbe Indemnities claimed for the depredations of tbo Confederate corsair, the Alabama. Finally, upon the question of Mexico, they will be no longer contuntwith the obliging promises of evacuation which France has made, hut will scad. If neces sary, a ilex'can army to assist President Jaurez to expel the *pretended Emperor,* reserving a certain pail of Mexican territory as tbe price of the service. Such ism effect, tho policy which the President’s Message seems 10 recommend to tbe Congress, and the sncrcaa of which Is an nonncea tn the order immediately sent to tbe French Army to return. The Radicals must sus tain this policy under pain of becoming unpopu lar. before the necessity of arming the countrv for foreign war. all internal dissensions will fall as if by enchaMment The n&air of the restora tion of tbe Southern States will solve itself, and no one util any longer remember tbe sad elec toral campaign in which the Presldectsnccnmbed. i* it Is not the diet time that this policy has been employed in tbe world. When a Government wishes to distract and draw away a country from its ntutl course, it never hills to give It that now erfnl diversion called foreign war; bat if tbe American Republic docs noUearo in tbis Irom the experience of the Old Wodd, It Is doubtful if me procedure spoken of win encccod. It has been too long In the habit of governing Itacll for tbe taste for a little military glory- to suffice to turn it from tbo care of Us internal organization, and from the interest, all-po*crfal for America, of making the popular will respected by the Govern ment appointed lor tbe purpose of observing its. commands. It is a law from which it did not depart one single day during the five yean of civil war, In the midst of the greatest trials through which Republican institutions can pass, and which they will not in fringe for the pleasure of beating nu English licet and of annexing some Canadian or Mexican ter ritories. America can easily pursue her aegran dhement upon the American Continent, and at the same tune maintain upon theEnropeia Continent the respect for its name without letting any injury be done to the political liberties which have hith erto been its pride. When Her Representatives rise to dictate with Imperious voice the laws which the conctry require* of the magistrate chaired to execute them, they will demand oe'ore ail the ap plication of rigorous Justice to the Internal affairs of tbe Republic. Then tho President must either obev or be crushed, and Mr. Johnson roust refuse himself come what mar, tbe sad glory of making bis fellow citizens deny the tradition ul republi cans and leavluga stain iu (be history of bis coun try.” J-«. K. OUB FEANKFOET LETTEB. Better Prospects for the Liberals—Ho*- - tilliy to tbo King and Ills Ministry— Tlic New German Confederation—The Elections for Parliament— How Lead ers are Paid In Germany—Officers’ Pensions—Miscellaneous Notes. {Special CorreeDOiidencc ot the Chicago Tribune.] Fiusefoqt-ox-tue-M&ik. Dee. SO, ISGO. Some time ago I wrote you an account of the process by which the Liberals of Prussia came to an untimely end, as a party, and parsed into oblivion. Their error lay In the simple fact that they made no discrimination between tbc external and internal policy of the Government, and, by tho unprecedented success of Blsmarkln tbc former, were made helpless to vindicate for the Prussian people any substantial rights at home, and they wisely shifted tack, resolved to support the external, or German, policy of the Govern ment, but, os before, contend for a freer re gime at homo. They assumed a new name, “.National Liberal Party,” and began with the small number of twenty-live members, the original signers of tbo party platform, and who are destined to become as famous in Prussian history as that handful of New Englanders who, in 1854, kindled the fires of Republicanism out of the ashes ot Whig gory. As I then predicted, they have already en tered on a csroor of relocation, and are dully winning ground. Scarcely a session of the (Lower House passes away but a new member or two is found on the benches of the new faction, and Twesten, their leader, and the ablest man In the House, though an object of solicitude to the Ministerial benches, (Ministerial table, the Gremans call It), on account of his personal influence, bis now become the controller of that power from which, if ever, the arbitrary rule of Bis murk is to receive its heaviest siioeks. The first decisive demonstration of power which they have made, was in tbc vote taken yesterday on the military appropriation. It was on this point they chose to draw out their forces for tbc first time in full array, in a bold attack against the Government. The situation was this: The Gov ernment had declared its intention of making large additions to the army, among them one of forty squaorons of cavalry, but bad not definitely informed tbc House as to.tbc full extentof tbc proposed additions, having simply asked for a very large increase of the military bud get such as would enable It to recruit at will. On this ground Tweston determined to make a stand. Tho Austrians fled before Bismark no farther than to tbc Danube, where, thanks to others, they were able to come to a halt, but since the day of Sadowa up to yesterday the Liberals of Prussia had continued to flee before him. So fkr as I can recollect, not a single measure of importance, either in the early fall session or in this, bos been seriously disputed ; not a single one of tbc Count’s demands have they resisted more than a few hours, to debate it and modifv a few details, after which, by overwhelming majorities, one demand of the Government after another has been granted. A comic paper the other day represented a lean, hag gard. scared lookingLlbcral standing crouch ed before a group of sleek-looking officers, bis hands spread trembling out over a heap of bags of gold labelled various appropria tions, and saying to them “Take what you like, gentlemen.” At tbc instance of the National fraction, a caucus ol all the fractions that could be ranked as Opposition was held, and a com mittee appointed to draft resolutions on this suhiect. The commltUe drew up a series, m which they proposed that the House should refuse to consider the military appropriations null! the Government had definitely informed them ns to the extentof the proposed army additions, and in tbc caucuses ofthc several fractions they were adopted. Yesterday they were brought into the House, and after a protracted and earnest debate, during which the Minister of War, von Boon, ex pressed fears lest it should lead to a serious outbreak, if not a prorogation of the House, they were carried by the substantial majority of IGS to 151. Prussia is astonished. Have these few men who, scarcely three weeks ago, In tear and trembling ventured to gath er together a little squad, and make head ngainst theylctorious and almost uninter rupted pursuit with which their broken and scatter* d columns were being driven—have they so soon acquired the strength and au jlaclty to make such a declaration ? The af fair seems to have been sprang quite sud denly on the Government: the debates on the various budgets bad been progressing smoothly from day to day, Count Bismark was not present, nor any other representa tive of the Government, except the Minister ol War. Whether they will persist In this attitude, and bring the Government to their terms is somewhat doubtful, though, if it bo true as reported, that there are troubles brewing between Bismark and tho King, and the former should ask for and receive his discharge, they would undoubtedly. Who knows If they have not taken it in anticipa tion of such a step ? Woe to Prussia and to all Germany if now, when the Herculean task of organizing tho now Confederation, is full upon them: when the old tide of anti- Prussianism In the smaller States seems to be setting in stronger tban ever, if now, through distraction and quarrelling in high places, Prussia should be prevented from carrying this work to a bapny termination. Coant Blsmark’s work In Prussia is done, fkr as he was needed to enthuse the nation the thought of cementing Germnnv Into a unit, but they need him yet to perfect bis work, and to organize a strong and homogeneous Confederation, which may serve as n nucleus for the future consolidation of Germany. The Prussians are as unskilled In the work of building States as any other of tho Oor mans, and they can 111 spare Bismark from their counsels until the Confederation Is com plete. Good os are the intcntlonsof tho Lib erals, they would, I fear, mako had work in attempting to weld Germany together. Ono could tcmill from their mlilst an ilmmt In. finitely belter corns of college professors or n university faculty and senatetnan from our (.angles, but far fewer Statesmen arc found among them. Nowhere In Germany hare I flmnd a holler Ulisstrallun of Hint contemptible clannish spirit—counterpart, on a smaller scale, of our “Slate Sovereignty”—than 1* afforded to day In Frankfort. Tho elections to the Par llamcnt of tho now Confederation are near at hand, ami men hrgln to ask one another— which, hy the way, U.a symptom of bettor feeling toward tho now order o{ things than nm*t German* arc willing to acknowledge they posse**—“whom shall we elect f” There 1* an eminent resident of Cologne who was here last summes and, strangely enough.was the only man In Frankfort who had tbo pluck to protest against the shameless demand of the Prussians for twenty-fire millions of florins, which he did In such a vigorous and fearless manner as to win the aincerest at tachment of every citizen. The question ol tho twenty-live mllllcns was de cided in favor of Frankfort, and If they are indebted to anybody for that decision, It is to Classen Kappdmann. of Cologne, for all the great orators ol Frankfort, when the Fruuluu were near, like Domosthonea in Ills presence of Plillllp, wore cScn °K ap* moat, made only elens- Now, ClMacn leap peltnann is not only a man of pines anu rmincEß but ho is also a man of uhi raio nhilitv -Is a German, a Prussian, ,and, more over! a Libcro'iaod! aa a matter of conrae when nomination time drew near, J*om menbeeanto mention bis S j date. But straightway the majority of the citizens raised such a clamor nplnst sending a “foreicnor” to represent them (it_ls common enough in Pruasln. as In England, to send a citizen of another city to PnrM ment). that the project will probably haze to be abandoned f Classen-Pappelmann could be rewarded come other wny. U wa? said: they must have n citizen of Irankfort to represent them, one who was not a “fdreknex,” though everybody willadmll, atthTeame time, that none of their own citizens really deserved the honor. There ate several men spoken of. but the probabil ity will receive the nomination. Ills this petty “particular ism,” more than aU things else, that makes Bismark’s “blood and iron policy” the only one that will erect a German Union, as It was the only one that caved the Amer *'Mecklenburg is the South Carollm of Ger many, and when the “last trump” ehaU re sound on earth it will find the hide-bound feudals of Mecklenburg contending with somebody for their “rights.” The Mecklen burg nobility will be a perenn al nuisance in the new Conledcratlon, and it will be no wonder if they get themselves “annexed before many years. They have a sort of spe cial school system there fortho estates of the nobllltv, which resembles not a little those , that cilst in the South on separate planta tions, except that here It Is reduced'more to a system. Here Is the ■substance of the regulations relating to teachers : -he teacher must be well taught in Biblical his tory and the national Catechism, (these stand first of all), a good reader, a correct speller, posted In arithmetic as far as through long division, and In mental arithmetic, (head-reckoning the Germans call It), lurnished with the common church melodies, well memorized, and able to write well. Their yearly salary consists of eight cords of beech wood, (wood Is scarce In Germany), 150 square rods of garden, 139 for a potato patch, pasture and fodder for two cows and ten sheep, four bushels ol wheat, thirty-six bushels of rye, twenty-four bushels of bar ley, eight bushels of peas, eight bushels of oats, COO pounds of straw, $31.50 In silver, and the nso of a house. . _ , The Prussian officers In Schleswig-Hol stein are behaving themselves very properly, so a correspondent says; but there Is a good deal of quarrelling among the common peo ple because the girls won’t dance with the soldiers. . . , . The number of officers receiving pensions in Prussia Is enormous, to wit: 1.220 majors, 470 first lieutenants, 230 colonels, 140 ma jor generals, 110 lieutenant generals, 24 cavalry and Infantry generals. A major’s pension is $469 a year. .The Hungarian officers are entering large ly Into Prussian the army. A day or twoago all the subordinate officers, except two ol the Second Infantry, voted to go over. While the Crown Prince of Denmark was in Berlin the House of Deputies, out of deli cacy, postponed the deliberation of the bill for the annexation of Schleswig-Holstein. The Government has posted a notice on the black-board of the University of Berlin, callln"- for young men who ore willing to go to Japan to learn the language and serve as Interpreters. „ , AJ , , , The University of Halle is attended by 040 students, of whom 309 arc studying Ag riculture. 351 Theology, 111 Medicine. 100 Philosophy, &c. Olmb. THE WOULD OF AMUSEMENT. The Opera, Drama, Art and Lil crature. Exit Opera—Why It was Not a Success —Tastes of Operatic Artists—Brlgnoli and his Nervousness—Who Greased Wclill’n Plano—A Furious Prima ponna-Revival of German Opera —Carl Formes Corning Out In the Drama—Bad Effect* of Beer—Tlio Stewart Indecency —.V Horse-Eater— Ulstorl—The Coming Season—A Daub er’s Tarlfl*—Literary Go«il|h-A Itevo- Intlon in Plano Music— Musical Items. Chicago, January 11. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: Exit opera. Its memories arc embalmed In the perfume of Its programmes, as flics arc said to be em balmed in amber, although 1 never saw oue in that predicament. During the last week, the opera has just staggered along. IT the season had been two weeks instead of three, Strakosch would have carried olf some of our greenbacks, and Ghl* onl and Susini, who arc the Co. of the Ann, would have made tneir salaries, which, 1 am afraid, they haven’t done. Again, I learn, there is a power behind Max. Ihatisabsolutc and that power made very poor selections of operas. Patti .Strakosch should have had better taste. The tastes of these singing birds arc very singular. On dit that Briguoli on the stage has a perfect horror of the (ornate artists. In all scenes requiring a contact of hands, or the Platonic embraces common to op* cratlc culminations, the great tenor exclaims to the astonished inamorata: “ Don’t touch me! Don’t touch me I You make mo so ner vous 1” I will wagerconslderablc be never said It to Morensi. And still another on dit in the lino of taste. TVchli, the left-hander, is an unfortunate individual—a very apple of' discord. Your readers will remember that his piano was greased last winter. Who did it ? Fame said it vaa Horrmana, ImtMcphloto was Innocent. Will his many admirers be* heve that It was tho spirituello Habclmau who applied the unctuous lard, and nil because Webli expressed a strong desire to slap the face of tho sweet singer of Ade laide. I don’t know that that was any worse than the consoling remark of one prima donna to another a few evenings ago. that she woold scratch her eyes out, If she didn’t let her sing a certain part. Two cats slune across a clothesline arc peace-makers by the side of these harmoni ous artists. Grau has given np the business altogether; so bos Maurice Strukosch; so has Ullman. Maretzek holds on but don’t dare to go a great ways from New York, and Max Stri fe oscb will let go his present troupe like a hot potato on the 15th Inst., when his con tracts arc up. I wonld rather teach a class in a Mission Sunday School or face the Armed Rhinoceros than run an opera troupe. The opera always thrives best where it is under absolute rule os in Em ope. A gens d’armc has a soothing effect on the prlmi donne. ' The most courageous man I ever knew in my life has just turned up In New York. He has reorganized the German opera troupe and gave the Magic Flute the other oveuing. Noddle appeared, and Frederic!, 'Wilhelm Formes, Retainer, Dziuba, and a new* bass, Chandon, who is said to be a very poor bass. Hermans and llabclman arc on their forms, «o 6 Ugmine fogi. I said in this column, a week or two ago, that Carl Formes bad gone to Europe, with much use of emphatic language and a final determination never to return. Judging Dorn his precedents I thought he would come buck again, ami n>w I leant, front a good source, that he so Intends to do, and is going to try his fortunes on the dramatic singe. Dawisou’s success In New York gave him the cue. Formes’ worst failing wasbecr. Beer from rin g?au to zipantigglasses. Beer finally got into bis vocal registers, and the great basso was no more. I am glad to hear that John Dillon is going to make a fair and square fight against beer, he is too good an actor to throw himself away on malt, hops and bine vitriol. Stick to your determination, John, and yon will gather all your old friends ronnd you again. I hope the people will support him in his short Opera House season. His card to the public is a very manly one and should entitle him to another trial. Talking of theatricals, the play of the Black Crook in the Superior Court, during the past week, has been a great success and has drawn crowded houses. I think at last the foundation stone, the original essence of filth, which aforetime bos been supposed to lie at the bottom of the Chlhago River, may be found In this Hart L. Stewart Inde cency. And when this case is over and out of the way, I think there wiUbe little need for the Metropolitan Board of Health or the Lake Tunnel. The cholera will play ihe Lcvltc and Chicago will adorn herself in clean while robes. Such esthetics of filth, and ecstacjes of dirt, such combinations of mondo and dcml monde.oflorctles, bookkeepers; ministers, doctors, psalters, and prostitute* would have upset even Tom. Jones’ notion of the eternal fitness of things. 1 hope for the sake ofonrcommonhuraauity that H. L. 8. will be able to clear up some of that testimony. In any event chloride ofllmc should bo used freely In that court room or it will breed a pestilence which Uls Honor will find himself unable to abate by any or all coft stltnlional precedents. IK uutUbus non t*t dtfputandwn, I have found a wan who ha# eaten snails—the Iden tical a citquiltet of Champagne and Burgundy; worse than that—has eaten horse-horse from the stables of Nancy. Thai man Is George Alfred Townsend, that brilliant Bohemian, who penned those Mciul.lll) ,l«crl|.ll0M(-of Victor Ktuanticr* entree Into Venice. He lew the effronjery to claim that horsetail soup Is Vetter than turtle, amt that a haunch of venUm Is tamo to > lißtineh of lior.o. nml ho U""« Inlo e«l». clef ovor tenderloin. and * ™ k *' Blood horn#are poor eating. Tim mentis 100 fibrous. The penchant Is tor omnibus Z SHSU Dray tow*'''*'* <* lened, are very lewder, t «rlag** l,or * e * rnthertouch. The Ihro «honlder of ■hone that ha* worked on a treadmill I* Mod upon as a luxury, and ponies, when notion young, make up well Jn pies. Ul£ful Gnu hu col h«e.ndl«Jolestl,„ pretimiuariel. Four nhjhu tleoe wm mho up ‘VJ. short ttWB, and the r b l« bo given In the following order: Model, January 21; Mario Stuart, January 23; Elizabeth, January S 3, and. Macbeth, January 31. The drama for the matinee will ho a repetition of 'one of the above.. The opening drama is Ernest Lcgouvc s classical tragedy of Medea, done into Italian by Giuseppe Montanelll and into English by Thomas Williams, and the cast will be as fol lows: Adelaide Uistoui. ■ Lulgia Ulecb. iJLn . Giacomo OJech. S;’,’ Ce*are Bistort eSn ;;; Glallo Bull. fjSotF l ( Scmsor M 63ol ’*!**) Gabrlcfia Komist - CWefol the People —....Giovanni Tcaaaro. There is a story allfiat thnt,somo of tho art ists are agitating for a heavy tar on all pic tures Imported from Europe, by way of pro tecting tbelr own works. Wtfen the tariff Is diverted from silk, wool and wines, and ap plied to art, It Is about lime to close up the art shops and compel the Secretary of the Treasury to pnrehaso all tho home daubs that arc made. Nobody but a dauber would ever have bit upon that Idea of an art tariff. Undoubtedly the great unappreciative pub lic who will not buy Brown's landscapes, are to blame, bat will they bay them any more after real works of art are banished? Will they not rather damn both Brown and his landscape? If a man finds his pictures un salable, It la usually a priori evidence that ho is a dauber; aud, vice versa , a good painter always baa a lucrative market open to him. I will wager fabulous sums that neither Blcrstadt, Gifford, Inness, Lcutzc, Church, Sbattuch, or Weber want an art tariff. Why not carry out the principle still further and lay a heavy tax on any further importations of the scores of Beethoven, Mendelssohn and Mozart and on the hooks of the great literary celebrities of France, England and Germany? It is a small basi nets, the daubers arc in. Talking about books, a New Bedford lady wrote to a Boston publishing bouse for a copy of “ Gellcrt, or Trust In God,” and received the sad reply, “There is no Trust in Qod to be found in Boston.” Poor Swinburne is still being hauled over the critical gridiron. The Xorlh Amsrten jftt&to lately refused a defence of the lauda tor of verses written by Rosette. Even the philological George Washington Moon (what a name I) Is after him In the Round Table. I think If society can stand the Black Crook and the Stewart trial, Laus Veneris will be powerless for harm. Longfellow will publish his translation of Dante during the present year. Templing morsels of it have already appeared la the Atlantic Monthly. Ralph Waldo Emtrson Is reading the proofs of a new volume of poems, and Robert Brownirg Is at work upon a poem of several thousand lines, the theme of which is an old Italian psychological story. Henry Giles, the brilliant essayist, who in days past has charmed so many audiences, is a hopeless invalid and in reduced circum stances. John Stuart Mill, Charles Dickens, An thony Trollope, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Hughes, George A. Sala, Edmund Yates, and in fact nearly every etr -nc-i *-•- -t.txlhor, have been engaged to write ,r. crican periodicals. Shouldn rcrAu*e c: u wri ters move lor a tariff o u .ncic gu...cuicn, a la the daubers? Dr. Cumming, the Millennial nuisance, has has just leased a new house for ten years, and fixes the date o( the grand winding-up at some lime this year. I wonder If he Intends floating his house across the Styx at that time. M. Lamartine is round again with his hat in hU hand. lie is harder to shake oil than the woman from Mud Lake with four speckled apples In a dirty basket, who wishes you a happy New Year every day In the cal- endar. There are a crowd of brilliant Frenchmen after the chair in the Academy made vacant by the death of 31. deßarantc, the historian, and once occupied by Voltaire. Among them arc Jules Janin, Henri 31artin, Tho opbll Gautier, and VictorienSordon. Ernest Renan ha* got bis back up, and has Just issued a second cditlonof his Vis <7; Jem.,’, which his opponents say Is more heterodox than the first. Ruskin, who has written more beautiful things, and done more foolish things, than any living art critic, is a candidate for the Chair of Poetry at Oxford. Piano music is destined to witness a revo lution, for which let us all give thanks. Ros sini's manuscript works for piano and voice arc said to mark a perfect transformation in this school of music, and when they come out there will be little farther use for the ricocbctting Gottscbaik, Wchli et id ornne genwt. Many of your readers will remember little Custrl whom Gran brought to Chicago once, and who was never half appreciated. She bos met with great successes in Paris. Adu ellna Patti was too ill to appear, one even ing, and Coslii filled her place in “Linda di Chamounlx,” “ thoroughly satisfying the largo and critical audience,” says a Parisian journal. The following items your musical readers will find of interest: “Unßalto in 3laschcra,” translated into “Dcr Maskenball,” has been well done in Vienna by Jldmes. Dastmann, Bcttelhclm, and do Murska, ond Herron ‘Walter and Bock. One of the best musical critics of Germany, Louis Kohl, has brought out a work entitled “Letters of Musicians” and containing interesting communications from Glnck, P. C. Bach, Haydn, Weber, and Men delssohn. The new opera by Langert, “Dio Fabler,” was given at the close of lost month in Coburg, with great success. The composer, who is also that of tflo “ Sanger’s Finch,” has achieved additional popu larity by his last work. One of the best singers in Germany, the tenor Rauschcr, died at "Stuttgart on the ICth of December, at the age of sixty-six. The direction of the Rhclnische Festival, next year. Is confided to Julius Rltz of Dresden. Gounod’s “Faust” is being prepared at St. Petersburg. 3tdllc. Vltall bos bad great suc cess In “ Faust,” at Barcelona. The “ Dam nation de Faust” was adjourned in Vienna to the 18th December. A young cantatrice has appeared under most favorable circum stances at Palermo—3larla Siebs. “Norma” has been snccessfnl in Madrid, sustained by the sisters Marchlslo, Nandin, andSlcdini. Jcachlm, having delighted the audience of the Athenec, in Paris, several times, has re turned to Hanover. Peregrine. Abrali am Lincoln’* Copy ofFope’s Woiki, iProm the Boston Journal, January B.j Ir the private library of 3lr. J. T. Fields is T o,u i?. e ‘ F lntcd l!1 Philadel- 3Vooaard. It bears on its laded title page. “ The Poetical TTonfct of AJ fj-ander Pope, to which i» prdLud the life of (he Author, by Ur. JohmonP Ou the first Uy leaf, in the bandwriting of President Lin coln, Is this inscription: q ‘A Lincoln,’ pre sented by b!s friend, N. W. Edwards.” On the Inside cover is the following note in the handwriting of Mr. Herndon, the law part ner and llftMong friend of the President: “This volume of Pope was given to me in Jann tty or February, A. U. ISCI. by Abraham Lincoln: u was in uls own private library. I now present u to my friend. J. T. Fields, Boston, Mass. January 1, 15U7. vv. H. Herndon.” In the library where this precious relic now finds abiding place arc volumes that were once owned oy Wordsworth, Shelley, Byron, Grav, Dr. Johnson, Thackeray, Southey, Sir Walter Scott and many other great men, but no book in his collection Is more highly prized by Mr. Fields than this plain old vol ume, stained and worn with use by our mar tyred President. We can.'lmagine Mr. Lin coln reading through many years the vigor ous, thoughtfnl verse.of the bard of Twick enham, in his Western home, and dwelling, perhaps with peculiar satisfaction over such verses as thlsp^ “If I tnfright, tbygrace Impart, Ban In the right to stay; If I am wrong. O teach mr heart To Sod that better way.” Azmnal Sale of Fewa In Henry Ward Beecher** Church. IFrom the Sew York Evening Post, January 10.] The annual renting of pews in Plymouth Church (Rev. H. W. Beecher’s) took place last evening. The first choice was sold to H. B. Claflin for a premium of 1-550. He se lected pew No. 69. Charles Dennis took the. next choice for $400; J. F. Howard bought’ the third choice tor $325, and R. 8. Benedict obtained the fourth for the same price. The next forty scats were sold at S2OO and over; twenty-eight at sums ranging between S3OO and $150; nlncty.fonr at from $l5O to SIOO. The remainder- brought various sums, down to $7. When the last four, undesira ble ones, were offered, there was some spir ited though irregular bidding, and the pre miums were as follows: $13.50, $7, $lO and S3O. The sittings In tbc isles were then disposed of at premiums ranging from five dollars to fifty cents. The sale terminated at eleven o’clock. The total amount «f pre miums on the pews and sittings was about $37,000. The addition of the rentals gives a total income, It Is reported, of $19,430. This Is about twenty percent more than the In come of lost year, when the premiums wore $36,430. and the rentals sU’,lsd. The In crease Is (d,SCU. The Cam pan If slate. (Ftcm the Detroit Free Press, Jamtasry 10 ] The records In the Woyno County Regis ter’s office ol yesterday bear witness of the heaviest real estate transactions that .have ever been entered In our HUito, or tttodhp* n the Northwest, It scorns that IhoilUßor the late Joseph Catnpau, after having been at loggerheads fortwo or three vears past, wisely determined to settle tho c.Ulo among themselves. It Is understood that it Is tho determination of the heirs, as soon as practicable, to make extensive Improvements on their property, which em braces some of the roust eligible and valu able rcol estate In the city. The estate Jilosethor can be worth scarcely leas than tu, 000,(00, The revenue stamps required lor the completion of tho transactions amounted to $1,400. Wo learn that all the heirs cordially concur in the decision, which, by their common consent, is now sold to ho final. [Mrs, A. B. Chapot.on, of Chicago, was one of the heirs to the above estate,'lnherit ing one-seventh of the property.] WASHINGTON The District Suffrage Bill. The Impeachment Question—Dis i approval of Mr. Ashley’s | Proposition. Investigation of the New Orleans I Blot Committee. General Grant’s Views on Negro Suffrage. (Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune ] Waskimgtoit, D. 0., January 9,1967. The New Orleans Riot Committee has re turned to the cky, though Its members arc again temporarily absent, on visits to their respectivojhomcs. 1 learn that the commit* tcc will not make its report before the 30th of the month. 1 know there are many per sons who say it was needless to send anyone to investigate these riots, —arguing that tho essential tacts connected therewith arc al ready well enough known. Without speak ing more definitely, at present, I state that these persons will bo confounded by the report of Messrs. Eliot and Shellabarger. The country has a general belief that the riot was a premeditated murder. An examina tion of the evidence to he submitted with their report will give everybody a startling array of lacts in com plete Justification of this belief. The committee gave the authorities of New Orleans their whole desire—an exami nation of some fifty or sixty ex-rebel citi zens. Their testimony was, of course, guarded, but It points to the same conclu sions as that presented in behalf of the origi nal Unionists and the freedmen. The bitter hostility of the Mayor and his police to ward the negroes and the convcntioalsts, the studied etforts of the municipal authori ties and their aiders and abettors to fan the general feeling into a bloody flame; the devilish satisfaction with which the intelli gence of the murder of leading Unionists j and numbers of negroes was received at the j various rebel-sympathizing headquarters— | these arc the dark and woful threads that i , may be traced from beginning to end of this I immense mass of evidence. Just what object the pro-slavcryism of Washington could have In starting the cheap fiction that General Grant approved the lost veto, does not readily aopcar. I doubt if anybody out of the city realty be lieved the report. Ilia general views on the questions in issue between the country and the President ought, by this time, to be well enough known. In point of Cict, I think he has given no one any direct warrant for say ing what opinion he holds on the subject of negro suffrage in the District. He was. It is true, present at the White House when the veto was laid before the Cabinet, being there by imitation of the President to meet the reconstructed delegation from Arkansas; but his opinion upon the document and the matters therein discussed was not asked, cor did he give it voluntarily. I deny, in the most direct terms, that ho has eilher pub licly or privately signified his approval of the veto. If General Grant's view of the matter be of any special consequence or significance, it is cosily enough learned. The Arkansas delegation before alluded to asked his ad vice. Of course he gave it. He told them in plain words that there were two things for their State to do as soon as possible, viz., adopt tkeConstitutionalAmeudment.and put suffrage on an impartial basts. By this path, he indicated, permanent peace and prosper ity would be assured. The Suffrage Bill veto was treated rather more cavalierly than any previous veto. The House long ago ceased making any show of civility lowaid Mr. Johnson, almost going, as you will remember, to the discourteous extreme of refusing to hear the last annua! message read. The Senate has now become very tired of his dreary plati tudes and democratic commonplaces; and, on this occasion, even the gushing eloquence of Mr. Saulsbury failed to secure such delay lu it* aellou as would siifllce tor Ibe printing of the veto message. The files of the Senate will not, however, miss its precious wisdom, for an action to print it was scut out yesterday after the Suffrage Bill bad become a law by a full three-fourths’ vole of each branch of Congrecs. _ . The action of both bouses upon”the ve*o and accompanying bill was as prompt and decisive as anybody could desire. The House takes a positive pleasure in slapping the President In the face, and bis tavor is a bad recommendation for any measure before that body. It was certain enough, therefore, that it would pause lu 'its work only so long as was needful to read the message and call the roll. This occupied about seventy minutes. There wasn’t the ghost of a chance lor any Democratic follower of the President to make a speech ; and the strong affirmative vote given to over-ride the vole was as sharp and aggressive n« a ballot can lie with scorn and contempt at Us back. The Senate, of course, was obliged to endure some speech making, for its rules don’t allow an emorce ment of the previous question. It wasted less than three hours, however, in this man ner— bringing out from grave seml-consur vatlveJuhu Sherman the significant decla ration that he was ready for universal negro suffrage in Ohio, a pledge worth more than three hours of Senatorial time any day. The vote was something more courteous and dig nitied than that of the House, but none the less positive and pointed on that account. Mr. Vice President Foster voted os everybody expected him to,— thereby delighting the Democratic side of the chamber, grieving his Republican ti lends, and giving us oil new cause for thankfulness in the election of General Ferry as his successor to the Senate. Will the country sustain the House In Us first step toward impeaching the President? For myscll, I am alruid we are in great dan ger of making a blunder that will be a crime. Other jiarties have found It much easier to pass from a majority Into a mi nority than from a minority into a majority; and indiscreet counsels may readily, even if almost Insensibly, undeimltc and overthrow the strong towers of the Republican organi zation. This is one view of the Impeachment question; and, os the salvation of the nation is in the hands of the Republicans, it is a view every loyal man should take. The plain Inquiry is, Con the Republican party afford to play with this fire? Can it alford to give the President an opportunity of mar tyrdom ? I think not more than three of the ten Re publican Representatives of Illinois approve the Ashley movement; and I know the ablest and most influential ofthem wholly condemn it. Mr. Ashley was, ol course, free as any one else to Introduce whatever resolutions he pleased; and. when once Introduced, the House was obliged to meet them as best it conld. All cil'ort to induce him to de sist from his ofl-cxprcssed purpose in this regard was fruitless—lmpeachment resolutions he had determined to bring for ward, and impeachment resolutions he would bring forward. I judge that less than half the Union members of the House sym pathized with him in so doing, and not a few of our strongest men are verv decided la condemning hi» ill-timed and inconsiderate action.’ It is also proper to say that many gentlemen regard the matteras of very little consequence one way or the other—they say that the very decided reference of the reso lution is an indication of the general oppo sition of the House to the whole Ashley scheme. The charges made against the President, by Mr. Ashley, are weak—they arc not near as strong and comprehensive as those made during the late campaign by General Bntlcr. They arc, in fact, very commonplace—the mere rehash of third-rate stump speeches and cheap Congressional oratory. Mr. Aside}’s manner ia making them was rather dignified and impressive; but no trick of bearing and gesture could cover tbe luct that the lormal impeachment read by the Clerk from a scrap of note paper, was tame and Inexpressive. It is of more concern, however, to inquire what lies be hind these brief formal charges. Here one comes upon grave matter. One would say that the President’s record lies in the full blaze of day; but the air about the rooms of Mr. Asbley and certain other extremely Radicalgenticmcn, so-called, is heavy with bints of dork deeds and shameful misde meanors. It is well that the Inquiry Is in theT bands of tbe Judiciary Commit tee rather than ia charge of a special com mittee with Mr. Ashley at its bead. The standing of Judges ‘Wilson, Williams and Lawrence, ex-Govcrnors Boutweil and Thomas, and Barton C. Cook is such that the country will have confidence in their de cision. Tbe Speaker conld hardly have cho sen a better committee for the investigation. No factious clamor and no tynus fain* rumors will lead them astray. There is no likelihood that their report will he made in season for the present Congress. The Inquiry is not one that can be made and concluded in a week or a month. What Us scope will be, how wide Us range, and how deep its furrow, are mat ters furluturc determination. llljttt Church Items. I From the New York Church Union, January 5.J Tbc High Churchmen arc moving for a Diocese embracing Long Island. At the first meeting of tbe two convocations of the Island, a procession, a la Popish, was formed, headed by " tbc Bishop of New York," and some forty surpiiced boys, chanting, after the most aprnvcd Papal methods, as they entered the church. It is inUUhot slo,(.'oowas offered by accrloln or it seems an uncainin individual, to endow tbc future Diocese. If Dr. Littlejohn were made Bishop. Surely tilts question at least was settled, that, while thirty pieces of sil ver was the price of the suffering One, $40,000 Is the price of n modern Bishop. Walpole said every man had his price. Old Trinity In New York, Ims a tempest brewing. The Reefer Ims introduced the “ Processional Hymn.” with bowings and crossing* before tho altar, ns another step toward Rome, and wo know of more than one Vestryman who will not stand U. We do not behove that Trinity is ready t«> go over fo Rome yet. Look out for squalls, ns the almanacs say, about this time. l*ol«onfor Whale*. HuUffnaM says: A now method for catching whales has been tried with considerable suc cess, science having contributed to Its dis covery. Our readers are well aware of the dtadly effects of the Indian poison called curare or woorall, concerning which we have often had occasion to record tho most Inter esting experiments, especially in mentioning the attempts made to use It as a specific for lockjaw, its peculiar action consisting In re laxing the muscular system. Strychnine Is a poison producing the contrary effect, the excessive contraction of the system, or, Id other words, tetanus or lockjaw. It Is a curious fact that by the conjunction of these two agents, so diametrically opposite la their almoin rr 5 I doseoflialfa a iv 1 wTh^e'V^ into cartridges of thirty „m Ct ” I ’ POJnI ua eaeh ww cblsen(ii l urty Em. (an r u „S I 6 ?‘J thousand kilea W S , an “O'mrl of ridge is Imbedded in ti.J 1 ' ,bl * Etch ca-t tained In an cipl o? ive BhMi sUt, ?? ,r(ler coa otfon the whale, in .“m J’ "“'l' U B ?i tec whales received an«k vqtvv* died within f™Tfont U to h S u «. after the InOlction of th. £, I 1 *? mimic, these ten whales, six wertm, 4 ' °m cf “ nd whalebone! Thrtr S’ f ' ,r ll «ir handled by careless nice wvf re “ 111a »er acratches aed sores on \t£ r h,j not one ol them suffered the Ili,°m\i M J« » c '™““Starve which shows tff?, 1 >=J">7- cannot be transmitted from tv i s W*® men. Its polsonons action on the th « however, so great tint « U ?h Bts J Ti,l t haTe to be dimS- 1 ?* 11 ' 7 thi the death of the creltn e l ■ i 0 tist he so sodden. We .homTi 1 not E«t to state that two “t of Sf fjr ' whales above mentioned weiv ir-»» li; the many accidents incident to»l b r oße cf that two others were of ml worth fishing for. i» not GOSSIP FOB THE LADIES Interesting N»t.s on Fasl.i,,- Socieiy ami Baiuiwx Tbe latest Fashions— A P»mi n Cadiz American (, j rl , ,n Calls In India—The CUfi ot pathyuf Moyal Ladies ,a ’ mania lor Old Furuiture~i«“ , the Kitchen. lft% f «r NEW TEAR F\*IIK.Ni. The following on Ntw y var condensed from the Paris 11 the London Queen: * 4 “Paris Is refilling with fif zens who have the'good C: * 1 ' country estates. Before lon-'" eV-~w* who is anybody lathis gav iv’cr’.' will be domiciled In the capital. I 4"; there was a most brilliant .* ,‘ K Patti in “Linda di Chamou:^'- L ." 4 ; great 'disappointment was f-i. . tbe very well got up ”->..7 when it was announced that piimu donna was too ill to mak* he* ancc. The toilettes of some <*m»*V : isV'* who occupied boxes were verv n. tr 14 first introductions are indicative"**’,-/ ■.v winter fashions for evening wear *r ‘.' i marked several bodices made in t* . ■• rt * formerly called a la tlu: i,'i7 cut much lower on one side thin n - '?’* other. The bodices of one whit-* ah* was trimmed with a berth*, wiVh V-*u C t' concealed one shoulder, while shoulder was left uncovered. Thi crossed to the centre of the I ihIL-.' a -V" f fringe made of white satin bead*t at the edge of it. ' utc - 1 “The bodice of a white tarlatan-' j.... I was trimmed witjf a scarf. ' f ..‘ , I from the left, shoulder u» th-ri-Vr !••*. I waist, like the ribbon which a\f «’ , k r l I and upon the scarf there wa.* a -m U'" I of ivy, the leaves of which w. re n*V I and the berries amber. The he id dro.‘t, I formed with similar foliage ar-l an-VrhA' I ries, with large amber i.eaiU in a ,» I This wreath was entwined r.-u'd t ‘.,Vr plaits of black bair whieh iVi! in’ r-. t v ".i behind each ear, quite in the -ui,- { „,‘ r V. ! as adopted during the Middle .Vues. ’ * “Brocaded dressesjare ver\ g«-n.-r.d;vtr-~ hoth at at the habeas and at~tii<- -Vi favorite mixture being br-.e-nh - a while ground. At euLd!. .'t dresses are highly efleoth-. amj lu-r. well with the amber oma:;..- u-.i-.r''i - i.. the rage at present in Puri?. Ut-th - * , amber which is Ci-hion-rble. and n * yellow cut amber whieh was in v,.-- ral years ago. * ‘ " ' “The favorite patterns in brocaded arc—garlands, stripes and »:».-Tt., .d er a large scale. Long link-..fi, produced ID brocade: ll.i-.-e ,1”;, straight lines, Hu* front w:lk .k.v " r "- tbeu form festoons above tin- hem. Hr • dresses are usually cut in the a : .| r V* and arc fastened the entile h i:-;‘i jT* front with cither large Jet or gimp H-;;: They arc made with longer trim? t:.;sn ,rv ether material, and are rar« lv with uuy trimming w hatever.’ Wian brocades me made into low dr.-?-.-?,>, measuring barely two tuchi-s it; added round the shoulders.and U :i:ii-i.Vd «.; round the edge either with white t. Iringc or narrow while lace. “1 he newest open* cloak? are cut in th“ form of loose short paletots, ami ;ovm.«.!e either of white cashmere, satin, or vivet. and are trimmed with fu-. •* Instead of the old-fa.-hion-d !m,vl. ladles, on leaving the opera, now 'v.ir a small arrangement of white lan- on tu-ir heads, which is rather a head-die?- t.a:i a hood. Thelaec is gathered hi Wlmt the chignon, and in front describes u p.«i;.; oa the forehead. It proves most h.-e..:jihg |.t the wearer, but is net of the slighti-.-: ««• in keeping the cold winds from the fj -o my head. But coquettish French woim:'. pear no longer to care to walk do.*n sir well-lighted, handsome sta reaso *>:’ ti* Opera House with their heads covelon-.-1 is lue ungraceful, warm coverings cal>,| “ Hoods so ever since the more ta-ti-f.il head-gear, made either of rich ;**iV >i.H gUUrre% or ol vaporous tube, has e--::i • ir.m lashiou, woollcu hoods have been put a.- i.-.“ A PUBLIC BALL IX CADI/. Tlic electric light dazzles the FrancUco, ami DoloieV eye.- unit Li*n.»wtii-:\ diamonds answer Hash for Ua.-h—tin- simr; ctaft lu all cases underdose n>m..r «j rent or duenna. The girls are Hii/-.:b;lT simple la their dress; but ihe jM*n.:rit-.*n:- Herod Herod. Jewels and lace an 1 <mir allowed to mirried ladies. One. I h-armi whisper, Ims a tunic of “ j oim” wo;tu (Kin dreds of golden guineas. Her s-i-w- m-r dying of envy ; but sotueliow ttu- J.rav.- mari ners don’t seem struck all of a heap I’jite “point;” so women dress u> muca tor women's envy as men’s admiral i.<u. Kva* light in the ballroom Hashes an c> !;■• ■.« lb* jewelled neck. arm. or hand oi'.-.ki;.- tana with a wedding ring. As u rub-. Ik a 1! y is a scarce commodity; but bright wes, teat dresses, and graceful mov.-u.ci.t- n’. ci you everywhere. The sprinkling of uni forms, naval and millturv, has a charming rl feet. A quadrille is attempted, but i»a uil ure, so that the crush Is a wain in/. ci'-ip ing crush, and not a dancing. The pauper b excellent and so is the wine. As the small hours ebime one after tne other, Vo.mg Spain finds the champagne exhilarating. aaJ smgs, and declares everybody to be the best fellow he ever knew; and *o Lome to bed, and up to breakfast with a headache.— London Athauatm, iIOKXIXO CALLS IX INDIA. \ I must say that calling In India, notwith- '■] standing all its desagremetts of tlmo ami hn- ' pemture, Is sometimes productive of great amusement, and that the country would be more empty of occupation tbau it is without it. You arc also, generally speaking, sure -f obtaining admittance to the uousesyoisvidt. 't • In a place where Europeans are forbidden by 1 the climate to stir oat ot doors during certain ? hours, it Is very difficult to find a plausible . excuse for refusing to see visitors, some fe» * - there are, of course, as in England, who ; make a point of never being fit to be ‘ca by \ anybody—-these few belong to the “very is- s sane,” and the apologies made bys mief | the native servants for their non-appearance & arc sometimes very amusing. The T question *.n teaching the port! oof an im'ian JA bungalow is, “Can missus see?*’—it Kim:* \ * popular superstition amongst the Euros-eans * that to cuaule a native to ua»i'-rsland E:i2-. - lish, he must be addressed as if he '.i were deaf, and In the must infaniiL*. language, if a lady desires oa at? particular occasion to be invisible, she \ has already given the general order, “.Mi-sas 41 * can’t see,’' lor the benefit of her vl-U<>rs; but a native can never deliver a message pore and nndefiled. He cousiders it not sat* llclcntly polite, perhaps, that It should y- JM unaccompanied bv an excuse, so he gen-Tally ra invents one. “Missus washing head." and .1 “Missus in tnb,” are two of their ftvorite | devices for getting out of the scrape, and I >r— have overheard a servant detailing su-;li a ir\ circumstantial story of mv being'out. and M wbeie I bad pone, and wherefore, that i felt VI a double uimlnal, lying ou mvsufa. D> think 1 I had unintentionally laid such a burden on ; 1 his soul.—“ Cup,” in Temple Liar, * ] ITITB GIFT OP CAB. 4 It has long been tbe fhshlou tc slander wo- men by saying that they are, p-rr «wffwr, 1 the empty chatterers, the most atilueDt % sources whence flow gushing cataracts o' **i pointless words. This may have been true of American aboriginals, bat It certainly is .% not tnie of their successors. Men gib with gd us quite as much as women, and their gab is 7 J often less musical and usually more cgotis tic. IV omen s tattlers generally about olh- * * ere, but men’s about themselves ; antLK.TTni most hair gab of tome kind, tho forig 2.°r, • : the least offensive.—ifctrad Table. Menoui I • AMERICAS? GIRLS. In oar American life the natural depen dence of woman upon circumstances Is In creased by a variety of canses. Here woman : ■ bas a peculiar delicacy of physical const!- • tutlon that makes her especially sensitive I ' • to external influences, even in tolerable V' health, aud renders it very difficult for her \j to keep herself in full health. Whether it T is tbe climate, or our way of living, or V whatever may be the cause, the fact Is cer tain that the American girl is a very dell- w cate plant; beautiful, indeed. In comparison -- ■ with others, more exquisitely organized than 1 the English and German girl, and mure self- I iclylngtbau the Italian, yet not generally jL strong in nerve and muscle, and too /A ready to fade before hrr true 'mldsnm mer has come. The statistics given ns by alarmists, on the health of American women, may be too partial, ond deal too ex clusively with the dark side of the subject; yet the facts stated cannot bo questioned, ond if there be a brighter sldej the dark sldo must still be recognized. V>o have heard i s persons who might be expected to know what they say, declare that they cau huffily name a single Instance of perfect health among the young women of their acquaintance, ana the physicians whom we bear speaking of the siiblcct not seldom lose thetr patience In sot ting forth the miseries of feminine Invalid* ism, with Us shattered nerves and morbid f circulations. If hull of what Is said Is true, I it Is one-half mute than ought to bo so; and I If our mothers hnd nut been better gifted L with maternal frcuttlas limn the candidates now ready fur the bridal ring, the pw-,5. w number of the native American pot"-* •*. V i coulille accounted (or only h» r 1 I by natural descent,—.lmrW-rdO M'f l»J I \ MANIA poll old ’ Among the and FarU of lute la Ibi Walker, of the runsruueiy.wfNJ* i n ..**»»; . f h'm* the general—• Vellnw Uirt. K» inec* and : f S-rowed. tw>( bn-baU. hi-tn ra-»Aif 'tM usual authentication, . . faeturlm'-WO appeared to be paid to v un w 1 , J set-d of these iuuuaiide • „ * «.> other like crops. In ofti- Leavenworth, of Chi* husheU of corn, the pro v I <yvntj-thrco rods of land, being *'•* jbedlog pen for cows the previous g _ blafo'af the rateoflTSb.isbeis to the / A .the average yield U less than 'lbebrtO' the acre. W# most make a \vrg!n-between “big 1 ’ yields and tbe OTE?*', Rural, Israel.