Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 16, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 16, 1867 Page 2
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€l)icaoO tribune, IV.UI.V, TUt-WEEKLV AN» WEEKLY. Tam.rrlarrr«''!*, Uou 6f „r«.m«n n, "";“ - £i n7rn.mnn.T, Momur*. WM ,l.o>lirni.l>*- ” onlT i MU «i« -> “>•««' »ol irr niid UV lintremen. tfvni. atlhr CMrtian Trlbnuo l pnilT adirfiM mIM -IT *7«lVo."V*a.S3 Itiilir. i« w.u .nlaarltn'** (per aapum, para* ,jr|,| g? sssrssss rfXr U.. Trl-W«klr or Wormy odllloo.. Lr>7ri»mloaPcrr«a>o(Ui".“'>«npui>o prlctM a coaimtMion. . None* to hc» ordertne Ue V u^'d reßrr»r<« ebnnerd, to prorent deUr. “ d ipocKT whit edition too vVlrfii o>i)*:iT. aim,<iTeTo«ri»«ft^'^««•»• rr Mjpot. ny Draft, Expre*. Meacr onlcra, or in IJetUlrreJL«n£r»,innjl»eft eoia , toc, ' ,tlk * Adlrean, TItIUUNE CO.. Chicago. 111. WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 10,15G7. NEBRASKA AND OOLOBADO. There is no reasonable doubt of the fact that the resources and prospects of Nebras ka and Colorado, if not their actual popula- lion, entitled those Territories to admission as Slates In the Union. The opposition of President Johnson Is founded upon political reasons, the Ion" and short of the matter be ing that the humble individual does not de sire the admission of any more Senators or Representatives "who differ from him in his reconstruction policy. He prefers to have such men as Ales. 1L Stephens and ex-Gov ernor Sharkey come in from the rebel States. To accomplish that he will do everything in I bis power ; but be thinks there arc already 1 too many loyal States for his pur poses, as theie undoubtedly are, though not for the purposes of the loyal men of this nation. The only valid objection to the admission of these Territories Is the feet that their Constitutions di-crirmuatc between while and colored cit izens, confining the right of suffrage to the f- rmcr class. It is unquestionably the sen timent of the country at this time, that such' distinctions arc unwise, unjust, Impolitic, and inconsistent with the present policy of the Government, which is to establish and maintain the equality of all men before the law, and to extend the right of suffrage to all, without reference to race or color. We have no doubt it is the firm conviction of nine-tenths of the Union men of the country to day, that permanent reconstruction and lading peace cannot be secured on any other basis, and with such a declared policy, it would scarcely be consistent toadmit Nebraska and Colorado until they have conformed their Constitutions to it. Ti e aimndmcnt of Mr. Edmunds, offered to ti e Nebraska and Colorado bills in the Senate ol the Uuited States, proposes in e/IVcl to require these Territories to so alter 1 their Constitutions os to embody the great i prineipJee of freedom and equality, before ' mining in as members of the Union. This proposition is to make it a precedent and i perpetual condition in the act ol admission, i that nnivcrral suffrage and equality before < tin* law shall he declared and maintained. 1 There is no doubt whatever of the power of ' Congress to require this as a condition pre- 1 cedent to the admission of these Territories; i and the only question that seems to have I troubled the minds of Congressmen Is, whether. In the event that these principles should be engrailed by the Territories upon their Constitutions hut should ho i repealed or disregarded aflcradmisslon, they could Mil) be cnlorccd under the act of Con gress. In other words, it is doubted whether the condition merely contained in an net of Congn fj>, would bind Nebraska and Colora do «m Mat™, and whether it could bo enforced within their limits by the tribunals of the (•em-iul Government against the laws of the Mnles themselves. Some of the ablest jurists In Congress have not hesitated to say that Mich a condition con (>o enforced hy the Coni ts or by Congress Itself. This point o r I aw, however, may, wo think, be safely left to U»e future. It can do no harm to insert nu ll n condition In the act of admission, and if valid It win secure equality and Justice to all classes forever. And even should It ever be declared to be invalid inlaw, It would nevertheless stand os a solemn declaration of the Legislative department of the Govern ment lu favor of universal freedom, while a moral If nola legal responsibility would tier pi tuully rest upon the citizens of , Nebraska and Colorado, to carry out in good faith their agreement with the representatives of the people. There is no doubt but If Congress passes these bills with the amendment of Mr. Edmunds, the people of the Territories con temphited by them, would forthwith alter their Constitutions to accord with the con dition required of them. And having once adopted a free Constitution—a Constitution guaranteeing equal rights and equal fran chises to all, there is no reason to suppose it would be altered, or Dint there would exist any deMro on the part of the people to alter it. The President will of course veto the hill; lie would veto ItJVithout the Edmunds* amendment, for tire reasons already stated ; hr will certainly veto it with that amend ment. Congress will then be called on to say whether his will shall prevail over the will of the people, or whether these Terri tories shall be admitted on compliance with the conditions fixed by Congress. In our judgment the bill, with the amendment, should be passed over the veto, not only as an act of justice to the people of Nebraska and Colorado, but as a measure consistent with the policy ol the Government as made manifest in the District of Columbia Suf frage Law. TUB GAS qDESTION. The Common Council Lave reconsidered their hasty action of last week, and have virtually consented that the Legislature may permit the people of this city to vote fur or against accepting the power to manu facture gas and furnish U to the people at The bill, os originally framed, proposed that the people should vote at the spring election uj-on this subject, but lu order to give full time for discussion and examina tion, the bill lias been amended so that the vote will not take place until November next, lu tbe meantime tbc people of Chi* cago will do well to post themselves upon the subject of gas supply, and to Inquire whether they will find it to their interest to have illuminating gas at cost, or pay a profit thereon to a private corporation, i There has been an investigation on in Boston for many montlis upon this gas question. Though originally undertaken to ascertain whether a city inspector of gas metres ••uebt not to be appointed, il/has ex tended into the general inquiry as to the propriety of the manufacture and supply of gat by the city. The gas companies of Bos- ton met the matter at the threshold. They appeared at every meeting hy counsel, and opposed the city undertaking the busi ness, with a zeal and on energy th-.vt evinced how deeply they were Interested in the decision upon the subject. The Ib-.-ion gas companies are, we should judge from the testimony*, as any like cor porations in the country. They do ac knowb dgc that the consumers hare some rights which are entitled to respect. For instance, they famish gas, and while they do this, they keep the fixtures In order, and do so without charge. Whether there Is com petition there or not we cannot say, but the companies, from the evidence of the officers, arc generally more considerate than any we have read of elsewhere. The committee hare Jubl mode a report. They doubt whether the establishment of competing companies any remedy for the evil. In the first place they show by universal experience that such competition Is always short-lived; that It invariably cuds In a sub stantial consolidation of the rival com panies, or a combination by them upon n tariff of prices, which generally adds new butdeiiK to the consumers. Another reason Ib, thut every additional company, having to purrbnpc land, lay pipes, pay for labor and mlinU.-. for Ibe manufacture and supply of gas. adds to (he aggregate co;t of producing Utu amount of gas consumed, when one com- putty can furnish U ul) without this addition* ul cxpc-mm. For these reason*, the commit* ter option; the encouragement of rival com panies, and the reasons given am f-irclhlo. The committee have obtained, from parties interested In gas works, statements as tothn probable earnings or profits of such compa ttle», and even upon the testimony ol wll* ursees thus Interested they declare It as their opinion that the main company In Vital dly snake* a profit of twenty-live per cent upon every thousand cubic fcotof rm fur* nibbed to the city and to consumers. But It is significant that upon lbi» point the com* uiUtte could get no direct information, and they add: »Mr W.W. Urcenou&b. who represented luo Iloston (>a* J-l«bL company, was asked what a cubic led of gas actually co-tibai com* p*o»\ Ov! ht lerrmptoTUy r*tust<f to anwrr 'ibe committee thus express their convic tions as u> the duty of the city: *• It is much better, nuder theclicnmstanccs. to treat this instist of ibe supply of gas to tne cut zers as a public function, as we have aouc la Ibe euooh of Coeuiuute water. Now, If Uii city re* cvlpta ate not equal totbo Interest on the water debt ai-0 yfitly expenses of Use works, In one sense it Is a city lots; so another the citizens' earn, bo, u tbc city owned Ibe gas works aud lito receipts were • bandied tbonsuDd dollars less ihsn Ibe expcdltmes. the cisy debt would be In creased a bundled thousand dollars ; but ibe cill i-.m ate saved the same amonm, bavin* obtain ed their gas allots than coil, and thus the account ia ‘*BaUr°lbo cuybad been supplied with water or pas lor tbc last ibirijycar* by a private com andU-at company had mode fouratllums nroellarr out of tbe citizens, then a few would have been mrlcbcd at the expense of tbe many, and if tb.y held ibetr charter lor twenty Tears fonder tbc profits w the esia&lbbmcnt would be r« jo ten reft" Ilian they wera lh« first twenty. X »rrmim of (iietcvPd.ponnlallon, ■**!’?£■ .'iicnl (dcicbso in tW number , of J™Ki*£L when tUr rtiy l« compact, «»'" a urn* fl" n ‘ Mii'i'Uwl 1t« b uniftll «foo ot lenUoiy, •• l« u,c c » the wholo story. If tlic jtnft.cnu bo Vurnblml at uw\\M the V»«w«*- V*'™*' thon the city. andtbo citizen* who «"° t 11,0 «••• m(< entitled totbo difference. If U»n K*» cnt» hv tnriilKtuMi fur only ten or five por cent lon % Uittu ll la now furnished, then Hint will cover dm interest on the Investment, md the city U richer thereby. But it follow* that M ttio cna comitanlei would not contlnuo In th« hurlnrs* an hourtmlmlvwas profitable. tbo . Uy run luniUli tlio Kim to the conaumur'iil the same price, and apply the profits to Urn general fund, or can reduce the price to the extent of the profit. lu either oaau the pub lie are thc rcdplcnU of the profit. If the gas companies of Chicago can how realize twdu ty-flvo per cent profit upon each thousand feet of gas, what will that profit ho ten or twenty years hence? Upon this point the Boston committee thus speak : • “Ftom tbo evidence would appear that the BoMon Ou Lljrht Company has made. Item 1835 to the present time, upwards of three millions of dollars. When they came Into poa session of their charter, they probably had not as many taken of eas as they now have on one-third or one-half or Washington street: and hence the greater partof their profits must have been real* xed during the last flTccn or eighteen years. Why should they not fight manfully when the ark 'of inclr covenant, or, rather, monopoly, Is fa dan* gcr? Water and atufleial light are (wo creat ne cessities of a cut. They never should he sold at a profit, cor should they ever be In the bands of a private corporation." The action of the authorities of Paris and ofLondon, In providing lor the removal of the gas .works from the city, Is especially commended by the Boston committee. The experience of all who have Investigated the subject Is that such establishments arc specially injurious to the health ol the neigh borhoods in which they are located, and, gen erally, to that of the whole city. Porthis reason they have been excluded from Pari*, and arc about to be removed from London. This most excellent sanitary measure can best be carried into execution by the city when it lakes the manufacture of gas into Its own hand. Should the city undertake this business it can get rid of tbc noxious institu tion owMonroe street, and can erect perma nent and sufficient works some distance out of the city, and thus escape the deleterious effects now experienced from the manufac ture of coal gas in the very heart of Chicago. THE TRICKS AN 188 GRAIN TRADE. There are few branches of business that afford so many opportunities for the com mission of legal frauds as the grain trade. Some seasons give more favorable oppor tunities than others, and It is now a well established fact that whenever the wheat crop of the country is irregular in quality, and partly or almost entirely deteriorated, the “ scalpers” come in and pursue a system* atic course of plunder with Impunity. The •‘honest farmer,” whom we ad;nire so much at a distance, carefully bags' his wheat, placing a poorer quality of grain in the mid- die of the sack than is to be found at either the top or bottom. The Interior grain dealer, who knows perfectly well that It is the intention of the farmer to cheat him, makes on offset, hv cheating in the weight. Sometimes the farmer gets the -tart, hut iu the long run the advantage is willi the buyer, because lie understands the tricks of the trade belter. dealer, in order to swell bis profits, doctors his grain so that when U reaches Chicago he may circumvent tire Inspector and the ware- houseman. Carloads of wheat are “plug ged,” to use a technical term, with scrap ings of oats, rye, barley, and other stuff', for which the shipper, If he succeeds in evading the inspector, will obtain wheat prices. Thu railroads, which arc directly or Indirectly associated with tbo.elevators, understand tlic came, and rcftiso lo give a specific re* celpt for groin shipped In hulk—the bill or holing merely specifying so many bushels, tnorf or h**. The country shipper Invariably says “ less/’ after the grain Ims been received Instore and the account of sales returned. The warehouse- men know nothing of the leak; the railroads know nothing of the leak, and the shortage Is attributed to cracks In the bottom of Hie ears. The shipper seeks in vain for a reme dy. The railroad agent will not give him a .-peeillc receipt for the grain shipped in bulk, and the warehouseman will make noresiUu tion, claiming tbo grain receipted for by him was all that came out of the car. times the shipper, in his eagerness to heat the inspector, overdoes the “ plugging,” and the wheat which he expected would pass as So. 2, only goes “ rejected.” This, of course, tabes a howl. The shipper insists that the grain ho shipped was excellent in (inallty, and ought readily to pass as "No. 2,” instead ot “ rejected.*’ lie Inveighs loudly against the inspector, who, at u safe dietaiu-c.prcacrvcs his cquanimity,and kuows imlhing of the trouble he has raised. There isyctanothcrlink In the chain. The warehousemen, who claim that the profits of "elevating” are not commensurate with the capital employed, speculate on their own account, it ims been charged that large purchases of rejected wheat hare been made by lookers, In behalf of the warehousemen, who v ere at the same time liberal sellers of No. 2. Some arc unchai liable enough to say that this taking in poor and pulling out good grain Is the result of a continued and vigorous application of smut machines and (aiming mills, which, if pursued for u sulll* dml lime, wquld be prolitablc, both to the ivuu-houseincn, and the railroads, or railroad oflicers, who refuse to take grain to aay other elevator. A little more than a j ear ago, this "doctoring” and "scalping” of giain, resulting from the Inferior crop ol ISCo, created no little excitement In grain circles. The Board of Trade demanded that inspectors should be placed Iu the ware* houses, for tbo express purpose of arresting •any " scalping,” but for some time the ware housemen refused to accede to the proposi* i ion. Subsequently they yielded to the pub lic demand, and the Board was allowed to place inspectors in the houses. This for a lime hushed all complaints in regard to "scalping” in store. Latterly, however, the inspectors seem to have become derelict in their duties, os both millers and shippers complain that the grain delivered to them is not the grain called for In .the receipts Issued by the warehousemen. A notable in* stance of this kind occurred a few days since reflecting no credit on the honesty of thy warehouseman. The Eastern shippers complain that car goes of grain never hold onl on arrival at ijuffalo, bul Tall short from twenty-live. to •me hundred bushels. Whether the shortage is the result of a swindle here or at Buffalo, :t Is difficult to say. The instances of “run ning over” are of course never heard of. The speculators who work 41 corners.*’ and hull and bear the market to suit their inter* | •sts, also have complaints to make, hut as they nrc not deemed to represent any legiti mate trade, they get little attention paid to their complaints. Their operations arc none 100 honest, and, if they pet beaten, it is alto gether In their line. They aver that at times lhe warehousemen issue bogus receipts, by means of which the market is broken down after they have almost cornered it. Whether this be so or not we have no means of know ing, but on tbc whole we think it quite likely. These facts, charges, surmises ind suspi cions show that, as at present conducted, the grain trade of the Northwest Is demor alized. It nbonnds In abuses which vex ami defraud every honest dealer, and indict great barm upon our city. We think the question is a proper one for our Legislature to con sider, and we arc in favor of legislative en actments whereby these evils shall be miti gated if not entirely removed. Fird— Let the Legislature pass a law com pelling all railroads to give n specific receipt for the number of pouuds of grain shipped in hulk. This will determine where the leak' age is, if there bo any. .Second—Compel the railroads to deliver train at any warehouse specified by the •blpi*cm. If there be a railroad track to it, whttber the same belong to it or any other -allroad. This will break doom the monopo ly that now exists, and open up tho elevator business to competition. Adopt a uniform grado of inspcc • lon throughout the Stale, making weight '. no of tho essentials, and taking for n basis tiie grades adopted by our Board of Trade, which may be vested with discretionary* power to change the same when the uaturc or condition o( the crop demands It. /•bnrlh—Bcqulrc the railroad agents who receipt for the grain loaded on the cars, to specify the grade In tho receipt. 11 legislation can reach the evils complained of, this is tho way to do it, and no honest man can object to such n law. t^T'Senator Fuller’s resolutions on rail r« ad consolidations and charges ore highly important. We presume they will cull out a protracted and Interesting discus sion In the Legislature* That them should bcnluw to prevent any further consolida tions of comiM-tlng u nß# 0 f railroads Is, wo think, admitted by ull. Whether the con solidations aheudy cll'ectcd arc legal, Is a question for the Courts rather Uianilhe Legis* latum, though a declaration on the subject by the latter can do no harm. Jn reference to the right of the railroads to charge such rates as they choose for carry ing freight and passengers there seems to bo a wide difference of opinion, in tbc House at least, and also a Ullforonco ol opinion as to whether 11 Is expedient for tho Legislature to Interfere, If It has the power to do so. We have pointed out, In previous articles, the difficulties in tbe ease, both legal and prac tical, and while wo believe that there is no vested right to do wrong, and that the ex cessive freight charges and discriminations are in the nature of a wrong upon the public, we arc not prepared to denounce those who hold that the right to charge Is a part of the charter, and that existing charters cannot be Interfered with. Of one thing there can bo no doubt* It is the duty of the Legislature to bring about on understanding between the railroads and the people, and to ■ how beyond the possibility of dispute what ire the real fuels In iho controversy—who Is luht and who wrong—aud to apply Buy tvallnhlo remedy tor the wrong. This can • nly be done by Investigation, and us the Legislature has iho power to send fur per* sunn and papers, wo thluk they should do so forthwith. ititriutfticNTArivic numns. Wo think experience has dotmmstratod that largo representative bodies nro more likely to carryout follUftitly the views and wishes of the people than small onus—that the larger auch n body tbo more certain It Is to do right, and the smaller, the morullablu to do wrong. The moat notorious band of legislative robbers In this country has boon Iho Common Council of New York city—a body of two. branches, and'less than fifty members In both, legislating for a million of people, and expending annually twenty mil. lions of dollars wrong-from the helpless tax payers.’■The “upper” branch of this body, the Board of Aldermen, consists, wo believe, of only sixteen members. The Board of Councllmcn Is n little more numerous, but of the same general character. Whether hon esty would bo promoted by Increasing the Common Connell, In this particular in stance, would depend upon the question whether the majorlty.of .voters in the city of Kew York arc in favor of an honcst.govera mcni or opposed to one. It Is more than probable, It Is almost certain, that they arc opposed to one, and prefer to have thieves and robbers in of&ce; and hence, perhaps, the more numerous the members of the Common Council, the more liable the city to be plundered, since only so many more rob bers would come in for a share of the spoils. But wbat Is probably true in New York city Is the reverse of true in every other city in this country, and the reverse of true in every State of the Unton. aunhero «Ua do the majority of the people think It Is for their pecuniary advantage to have a stealing and plundering government. The peo ple of New York State, for instance, notwithstanding the immense weight of the city on the wrong side, desire an honest administration of the laws, and look with Just abhorrence and Indignation upon practices of bribery and speculative legislation. We believe that, with the sin gle exception of New York city, granting it to be an exception, pare legislation would be promoted and dishonest schemes ob structed, if not rendered Impossible, by large representative bodies. The first and most obvious reason for this, is, that it be comes too expensive to control large bodies by bribes, and largo bodies must necessarily be less under the control of corporations and wealthy schemers than small ones. It Is no torious that n City Council Is more likely to be controlled by a coloration or a combina tion than a State Legislature, and a State Legislature is more likely to be so controlled than Congress. Evidently, the reason for this Is that a City Council Is composed of tiic fewest members, and that the Legislature is composed of fewer than Congress;and that tbc Council is especially exposed to local influences, the Legislature less so, and Congress least soofnll. A largo Stale Legislature, one composed of members, say, from every township in the State that might choose to send one, or of one repre- tentative for every fire thousand inhabitants, which In Illinois would form a body of some four hundred members, would, in our opinion, be quite independent of undue influences, for the reason that it would represent every possible section and interest, and that bribery, ns we have already said, would ho The interior made virtually Impossible, If by no other considerations, by the number to be bribed. In rnylng this wo do not moan to relied la miy manner upon the Integrity of our picsent Legislature; but wo wish to show that in a nimorou-i body, pure legislation would rest less open the personal Integrity of a few than It does now; bribery, which the virtue of a Leghdatureoiight to but does not always render impossible, would bo almost If not altogether out of the question in the case of a body so large as we have suggested. Mas* HiehuselU has, until a recent period, had a very large Legislature, the popular branch consisting of live or six hundred mombcis. At present It Is, wo believe, a larger body than Congress, and the subject of returning lo the old system Is discussed. Who ever beard of carrying a measure through the Massachusetts Legislature that was distaste* ful to the majority of the people of the Com* monweullh? The task ol bribing such a body to go astray from plain right would bo 100 formidable for any corporation to undertake. New Ramp* shirc bos also bad a very numerous Legislature, and (lie records of her IcgisU lion sustain the position we have assumed. Who believes that If tbo Legislature of this {state bad coutaiued live hundred members, the ninety-nine year horse-railroad outrage would have been carried os fur us it was ? The system of numerous representation would t'Ceure a greater proportionate num ber of able, experienced and high mtuded men. Every neighborhood, almost, would have its own man, and would bo ambitious to send its best, and fewer good men would be compelled to stand aside for ambitious politicians. Tbo subject Is one that must necessarily come before our next Constltu* Convention, whenever that may bo, and wo think the more It is discussed the stronger will be the impression that equal representation and high-toned legislation can be best secured by following tbo exam* pie of Massachusetts and Now Hampshire iu this matter. Homo- We have another report from Mexico to the effect that Maximilian, the Austrian adventurer, has abdicated, and Is seeking an exit from his Empire; and wo have a report that Stephens, the Anglo-Irish adventurer, has abdicated the Fenian throne, and, after several wccks of strategy, has eluded the vengeance of bis victims and sailed for Europe. This Continent and the people thereof, in- Vludhig the Mexicans and- the Irish, can get along unite well without cither Maximilian, Emperor, or James Stephens, C. O. I. R. Both were mere adventurers, and though there may be a difference between them in respect of moral character, they will both rank in the world’s estimation upon the same footing. Maximilian played for an Empire, and lost it; he ployed an open game, and he only lacked success to have made himself one of the great rood Cf tliO 6gc. Stephens was a thief, a spy, and an iugratc;at least, that is the testimony of those who profess to be his victims, and whei ever ho may go will be held in detestation. The United Slates, Mexico, and Ireland may rejoice that both have departed, never to return. £57” It is a well-known principle in the law of contracts, that there can he no valid agreement without the concurrence of par lies capable of contracting. Mr. Segar, a so called United Slates Senator from Virginia, has recently been trying to get his scat, mileage and salary, by offering to contract In behalf of Virginia, that if Congress would promise to admit the State on the ratifica tion of the Constitutional Amendment, the Stale would forthwith ratify. On the Oth Inst., the question came up in the so-called Legislature, when the proposition to ratify received only one rote—or, rather, when the proposition to reject received all the votes but one; for we believe no one was found bold enough to propose a ratification. We think that before Congress caters into any agreement with such knights-erraut as Air. Segar, it should ascertain whether he Is duly and legally qualified to enter into a contract. The organization known os the Grand Army of the Bcpubllc, seems to hare been perverted from its originaland avowed object, which was that of a benevolent and patriotic order, to a secret political organization. Secret societies organized to secure public offices, arc contrary to the genius of our In stitutions. They rarely hold together more than two or three years. Buhllc opinion keeps up a constant attrition against them, the members get to quarrclllngamong them selves, and finally they fall to pieces and arc heard of no more. This will be the ease with the Grand Army of the Bcpubllc If its main purpose continues to bo political. £37** The Legislature of Wisconsin have Instructed Senator Doolittle to resign. Wo hazard the prediction that Senator Doolittle will not resign. He is not one of that kind. The Kcontorlal lilcctlon. As there were some errors in the names of members of the HepubHeun Legislative cau cus, us telegraphed to us on Monday night, we republish the vote taken on the motion for a as against the c/ivi rocs system, In (lie nomination of United Stoles Senator: Senator*f Addsmsof Stephenson, FortofMsr that!, Metcalf ot Madison, Mann of Alexander, Patton ol DcKnlb, Ward of Cook. Webster ol Pock lidacd. Ji'jirtitnfat lres; Hales of Marlon, Brunner of Warren, Bonn of Macon, Cassell of Woodford, Cbmciisol Pope, Dlnstnoor of Whiteside, Eddy of Kane, Fonda of Hancock, Funk of Carroll, Ctar of Knox, Griggs of Champaign, Hampton of PcEalb, Hay ot Washington, Jones of Douglas, Reynolds of Cook, Singer of Cook, Smith of Me -I,car, S'acO of Edgar, Stevenson of Cook, Spawn of Livingston, True of Colee, Yeager of Madison -SO. Srmtfors: Iloyd of Fulton, Buibneil of la ttalle, Cheney of llcl/cnn, Eastman of Cook, Ful ler of 110000. Mack 01 Kankakee, Pinckney of Ogle, Hbsln otWarren, TlncbcrofVormlllim. Hf]>r<*fn*atlrft: Alexander of Bond, Alien of Henry, Bailey of btepbenson, Baldwin of La- Salle. Bond of Cook, Bowjer of lllcliiand, Childs of Dupage. Clow ot Will, Coo of Bock Islam), Corwin of taSalle, Colhus of Grundy, Conklin* of Sangamon, Cox of Fallon, Enoch of Wit neoago, Fox of Pnltoo, Green of Jo Daviess, Giocii ofBeWlU, Hanson of UeDononeb, Hewitt of Oe e, Uurlbut of Booue, Kin* of Iroquois, Leavitt of Cook, UcOalllaidof Lonn, Moore or Peoria, Oilman of Stark, Parker, of Kankakee, Payee of Lakr.Plcice of Kendall, Pope ot SL Clair, Ryan of L.o. Sellers of Tazewell, Sedg wick of Mercer. Shepard of Cook. Stacey ol Bureau, Taylor of Coot. Thompson of St. Clslr, Wakeman of Meritor) . Webber of Marshall—l 7. Our Special Foreign Corre- The Reaction in Austria. Emphatic Proceedings in tbo Legislative Assemblies! liomlon Before Christmas—Hull day Preparations—Christmas Festivities Id tlie (.rent City. A French Eulogist of the United Vbo Struggle for Magyar Autonomy— Tbe Hungarian Aodrctw to tlie Crown —lncreasing Strength of the'Move* xnentto Secure Larger CormltmioiuJ Privilege*—Emphatic Proceedings In the Aanenjfclle*—Condition of the Austrian Treasury—proposed Reform In the Finance Depaitmcm. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.} VtßfjfA, Austria, December 40, 1566. The struggle between the Conservative and Radical partisans of Magyar autonomy in the Lower Boose of the Hungarian Parliament in connection with the question how to reply to the Imperial opening rescript, to which I referred at length in my last, terminated, as could be clearly foreseen, by a decisive victo ry of the former. After a duration of nearly three weeks, in which time some fitly speeches (on tho «iav no less than fifteen speakers had the floor,) were QoUvcrod on boiu aides, the discussion was closed by the leaders of the two parties. Tisza, the chief of the Rad icals, spoke first for an hour, indulging in violent denunciation of the Vienna Govern ment, which be pronounced utterly unde serving of the least confidence on the part of the Hungarian people, and insist ed that decisive measures, such as proposed by his motion, to break off all par* liamentary intercourse with the Imperial i authorities, would alone Insure the ooserva tiou of the violated laws and the return of | the withdrawn privileges of the nation. Francis Dcak, the leader of the Coasprvd- I lives, followed in one of the most powerful I harangues ever delivered by him. He was i erected with leud applause by the majority I of the House as well as the galleries. After ; making a strong argument in support of his I motion to make a reply to the Imperial re- I script, couched In respectful language, but | reiterating in urgent terms the just demands ; of the Hungarian people, he replied at length and very forcibly to the personal charges of ; unfaithfulness to his principles and country, I raised against him by the Radicals. Ho re pelled the accusations ol his opponents In the j most emphatic mauncr. Iris words being tall of fi cling and even—an unusual thing with him—of considerable bitterness. When he proudly referred. In concluding, to Ids forty years of faithtul public service In the interest of his people, ihc Conservative members rose in their seats and broke out in enthusiastic cheers, in which the galleries Joined lustily, immediately after the conclusion of his speech, a vote was taken, and his motion curried by two hundred and twcutr-scvcn Conservative against one hundred and seven Liberal votes. Great excitement prevailed on the day ot iho vole at Pcstb. In Hie even, it g tile Radicals.received a sort of solace for their defeat at their Club House, In the form of a torchlight procession, gotten up in their honor by the students nniT younger genera, tlou generally of the capita), whoso entire and ardent sympathies they no doubt pos- 1 sees. On the following day, a special committee of fifteen was chosen by the majority of the House from among the Conservative!, to pre pare an address in the Crown, in accordance with Dcak’s motion. All tUo Conservative leaders Including Dcak, Count Andrassy, and Unron Eotvocs, were put on the committee. At the silting of lust Tuesday, it reported n draft of an address, of which, us It has since been adopted by the majority without any modification. I subjoin the most expressive passages. After expressing the sure dis appointment fell by the House in come i|tienco ofllie non-fulfillment by the rescript oflts hope for an Immediate re-establishment of iho ancient Constitution of the Kingdom In its former integrity, the address says: TUo CounlllutlouU&ot yet re-estabtutied, not whhslundlug the most urgent and continuous pretsuru on Ibe part of tbo nation for it. How, ther, *hall «e proceed lo bring about an under standing with ihc Government when Ihs only re liable basis for Ula still warning? By what road shall we seek to attain the desired cod, when the only road which wc, as representatives of the na tion, atopoanllted to follow, vis., that of the Con stitution, Is still closed to us? Kven the promises and assurances ofihe rescitpt which your Majesty was pleased lo transmit to as. are incapable of al laying our anxieties. For wo prayed lor the Im mediate and full restoration of our Constitution atd laws, nod this prayer the rescript docs not fulfil. What (he latter docs not positively re lose, Is toft to time and made dependent upon conditions. Bat to po-tpono the regard toracdi-xicnUoDor existing laws or to make them dependent upon conditions, I* In direct an tagonism nut only to our Constitution, but also to (ho fundamental principles of oil law and constUa tlocalllio. With absolutism, on one side, and a notion deprived of her constitutional liberty, on the other, o lasting, permanent understanding will never be reached. To us, as representatives of the ration, the Constitution gives the right. In the Interest of the Crown, as well ns the people, to come toon understanding with the Sovereign, Imi, with the Constitution suspended, the exercise of that rlchl docs not tc»t upon a secure pasta. * * * Repeatedly have wo prayed your Majesty to grant ao amuesty to those of onr fellow-citizens who have been imprisoned and ex iled lor puilucal offerees. Tbla prayer, too. wc icgrcl lo say, remains uucranlcd. Wo herewith renew II and may your Majcaty most earnestly to gtvciack nnr intow-cbixens to their country and to their families. • • • Jtis with pleasure that we have listened to the words of your Majes ty*. announcing yonr intention to govern the wco'o monarchy according to constitutional principles. • * • And wo deem It Im possible tba* voor Majesty, in pursuing that e ’d, can tcluec to restore wholly the Hungarian O u stitollon, that has existed for centuries. un ct he must solemn guarantees on the part of the « ro *n. i Wc deem it Impossible that your Majesty' ill »ct I c-gardlesa of tnc tundaracntal principle tl at uis the first and most sacred doty ot Ibouovitnnt nt i to guard, maintain, and execute duty inae ed existing laws, until they arc reoealed oj pro t authority. Wc deem it Impossible ibsi yo ir 1 Majesty, by dlsiegard cf tula principle, will : shaUc the belief and confidence of tbo people i in (he restoration of their Comoitotional liberties.— And, therefore, wc beg to ask that vour Majesty | nay be pleased to restore to the Hungarian na tion its Constitutional liberty. I The address, as reported by the commit- | tee, was adopted on yesterday, after a very i stormy discussion. The Radicals offered a | number of amendments, all of which were voted down. As wc hare seen from the above extracts, even the conservative Mag yars—that Is, those that are In thvor of pre serving the existing relations of Hungary to the Austrian Empire, in contradistinction from the Radicals, whose ulterior object is absolute Hungarian independence—do not mince words with his Imperial Royal Ma jesty, but do insist upon the restoration nf their full rights in bold and determined terms that remind one of the language used towards the Crown by th*e Diet just before the open rebellion of IS4S and ’4O. Though the majority of the House are not disposed to rush into extreme measures, it is evident that they will not yield the least to the Crown until Ihcautonoroy of the kingdom is re-establish cd by Ihc appointment of a separate and responsible Ministry, In accordance with its ancient chorter- The Emperor offers to appoint a Ministry after the Diet bos for inallv recognized the exclnsivo right of the Crown to exercise certain powers, considered indispensable for the maintenance of the solidarity ol the monarchy at large. The Magyars demand the appointment of an independent administration for themselves as a conditio fine qua non of further negotia tions with the Government. This is Jnst what the pending differences amount to. That the majority of the Diet is resolved to shape its future course according to the nature of ihc Emncror’s reply to the address, and to do nothing towards recon ciling the interests of the Crown and the nation until the Emperor shall have said “ yes” or “ no” lo the repealed damands of the address, is clearly indicated by the resolution passed after the Adoption of the former by the Standing Committee of Sixty seven, not to take up the plan for a com- Eromlsc with the Government, elaborated y the Special Committee of Flftcen.appoint- I cd at the lost session, until after New i car’s, I bc'orc.whlch time the address is expected to i be presented, I That the Government is not at all pleased with the character of the Hungarian address I is clearly evinced by the tone ol the loading article upon It in the day before yesterday’s i issue ot the Exmiruj Pori, its recognized or gan. In that official effusion, not only de cided- disfAtisftction Is expressed with tho general tenor and. tbo specific demands of the address, but ao * elaborate attempt made to prove a flagrant Inconsistency be tween tho language of Dcak’s motion for tho address and that of tho address itself. The ntUclc even goes so furas to mention, though not endorse tho charge raised by the papers in favor of a centralized government, that the dlffcicncesbclwccn the Hungarian Con servatives and Radicals is only apparent, and that there Is In reality a perfect secret un dcrstaudlng between the two parties. How ever this may be, it scents certain, that, in tne face of the unanimity of tho Magyars, lu tho demand for the restoration of their Con stitution. the Government will have to yield or embark upon a sea of endless trouble. The address of tho Lower Austrian As sciubly, the emphatic tone of which 1 a]- hided to in my last, was presented to the Kin per or last week by a deputation. But, Instead of eliciting, as was expected, a direct reply to Its bitter complaints and catcgori cil demands, tho presentation resulted in extracting ftom H!s Majesty only a single enrt sentence, conveying nothing hut a promise that the address would receive duo consideration. Tho audience lasted but a few minutes and operated like a damper upon the deputation, no less than upon tho Liberal German elements io the capital ami ti,o provinces. On yesterday, the presenta tion ot tho address of tho Bohemian Landtag took place. Its greater servility and rather subdued opposition to the present rule of tht Government, without any constitutional re straints, produced greater talkativeness on the part ot tho Emperor. But, though he replied ol length, both in German and Bohe mian, to tho speakers on the occasion, he indulged only In generalities, without say ing anything that could be construed Into a revelation ot purpose as to his future internal pt The'more transpire* of tho proceedings of tl.e various provincial assemblies in connec tion with the addresses, they all deem nec essary to moke, to the Emperor, the more strikingly becomes apparent the utter want ofcongMiity between tho several peoples and territorial divisions ot tbo Empire. I have heretofore spoken of the struggle between tho rival Czech and German clement* In Bo hemia and Motavia. The contest of nation alities in these two provinces finds Us exact counterpart in Galicia and Croatia. In the ossemmy ol tbo former province the Polish majority have had a protracted squabble over the address with the minority, repre senting the Raihenlan or Russian element. In that of Croatia, an address has been adopt* more run THE BALLOT STSTCK. ron Tit* vita voce sTtmtx. EUROPE. upoudencc. States. 008 VIEHNA lETtEB. cd expressing wishes entirely at variance 1 >vltli the demands of the Hungarian Diet ami , demanding utlor independence from the llununrlnn Crown. What with tbobalfad'ix i n divergent Hum of policy recommended bt tbc legislative organs of the various national- Ulcr, ami the additional contrariety of l ho as* Dilutions of Hie minoriltca In the assemblies of Galicia, llobomla and Moravia, it cannot bo wondered. If the Impellal Government Is nl a low* wliat lodoamldal thU ‘'confusion worse confounded,” ... .. U 1b not much over a month since the Paxon oX'Mlnlßtur of Foreign Affairs was put at the bead of the Austrian Foreign Ci lice, and already H.n.m Bcust bus had a taMo ui the mutability of popular fovurand the lluetuutlous of public opinion. Upon bis assumption of ollleo, bo was greeted by nreas and public with the most extravagant expressions of confidence and well wishes for the success of bis administration. It , was universally affirmed that the Emperor; could have made do better choice, ana the Saxon Baron was pronounced the very man, to lead tho Empire safely out of lur prompt overwhelming embarrassments, and to conn-' ♦©fact the continued machinations for Its do*; etiuctiou by thc’Mfipblstopliclea la cbaivo of Prussians foreign-relations. Bat already for some weak*-» decided change has been perceptible. Instead of tbc former unani mous praise and encouragement, disappoint* ment xs now expressed and fault found with wb&t he Is supposed to have done since hl& entrance into the Imuerlal service. Some: of the German papers, which welcomed him os a reliable guarantee of a proper regard for the claims of tho nationality they represent iu the arrangement of the internal affairs of the Empire, even go so jar os to pronounce him al ready an utter failure, and according to tie rule that tho wish Is father of the thought, print reports almost dally that hla fall is In pending- lam one of those who wereunaUe to perceive in the past career of Baron Beast 1 any good cause for the sanguine expectations that seemed to be entertained of him by the ; Austrian public at large at the time of bis [ appointment by tho Emperor. But, on the other hand, knowing, as 1 do, tho impenetra bility of the veil that conceals the doings of the imperial Cabinet from the public, os well os the utter Ignorance concerning them Id which the newspaper writers of Vienna are kept. 1 do not hesitate to express ny conviction Inal tho mentioned at tempts at pronouncing judgment upon the new Minister arc entirely Brematuro. I believe, however, that Baron cuot will, in the cud, find Us efforts to bring order Into the chaos of the Austrian body politic, and to infuse new vitality into that rotten, Cist-dccaying concern as futile as did one after the other of the long list or his predecessors in tbc Premiership in the last eighteen years, and who all assumed the thankless, herculean task full of zeal and confident oi success, but alter a shorter or lonccr trial abandoned it finally as useless. The monthly statement of the Austrian i Treasury, Just published, shows that the | amount of currency guaranteed by tho State in circulation at this time. Is between four hundred and ninety and five hundred mil lions of fiorins. Measured by the general values current in this country, this amount Is considerably larger, though apparently less, than the value of green hacks afloat in the United States. Yet notwltstanding this and tbc other fact that the revenues of the Austrian Government will bo less this year by at least one hundred millions than last, and that, its debt has increased some five hundred millions within the lost twelve montlis, tbc premium on gold Is to-day four teen per cent less than In KewYork. This p! cnomcnon is tbc more remarkable, inas much os tbc management of tbc Austrian finances was never worse than at tbc present moment, and tbc Imperial exchequer mana fes to live only by the continued mauufac me of paper promises to pay. Various reforms continue to bo talked of In the Government organs. But the only re formatory measure of any moment that Ims as yet been carried out Is tbc reorganization of a branch of ibo Finance Department, cor responding to the Auditor’s and Controller’s offices In Washington. Tbc system of keep ing public accounts bus been so simplified that no less limn nine hundred officials can ho dispensed with. That such on army of public servants was retained to this hour, notwithstanding tho extreme financial straights of tbc Empire, shows tbc tradi tional mismanagement of public affairs In Austria Id a glaring light. OUB LONDON LEITBE. London Before Clirlulnnis—Prcparn* tloiiM for the lloU<layK>(lhrhunuH Ilcofond olirlutiiiAM Cheer— I The Tory Libel* of (lie PlillUtlno of Printing lloiiftoNqunrc—A Prcncli Uttloglat of tho United Mute*—Au American (•otJgnniil m Parln* (Special Correspondence of Iho Chicago Trlnono. London, England. PocotdbcrM, ISM. The message of President Johns on has been tried In tho lire of European criticism ami found wanting. With regard to the lentul Question between the President am) the Congress the document is regarded as a display oflmbccno obstinacy, If It Is not. dcr a more conciliatory form than some oi his previous productions, a renewed chal Icngc to the Republicans. As to the Prcsl deni's language In regard to France and England, and especially the latter, It is con* sldcrcd to bo fittlfand haughty. Gut we arc disposed to make considerable allowance for Republican license—a Tory would say for Re* publican licentiousness—and, moreover, there is a belief that the paragraphs relating to Great Britain were put in for tho purpose of making a diversion and, perhaps, of ef fecting a retreat from tho domestic difficulty by creating a foreign one. But this U not a time In ‘which John Bull will apply him* sell to politics—we are within a few days of 'Christmas. To me It has ever been one of the most wonderful sights In tho world to see John— that portion of him, that Is to say, which re* sides lu London—preparing for his Christmas dinner. I have seen Loudon described (by no-American pen of course) as “the chief European Tillage.” Now with all ray liking for America and her institutions—you see I make America and the United States equiva lent terms—we can beat you In big cities, and, for the matter of that, In big debts and m keeping them big. New York is yet a couple of large cities behind London. I fancy we could cut olf all that portion of London which stands in the connty of Surrey and beat you with the remnant that stands in Middlesex. 1 have a notion, though 1 have seen some accounts to the contrary, that for the number of inhabitants the mc- tropolisof this little Island stands first on the earth’s surface. Now there never appeared a representation of the typical John Bull which did not make him a personage of pic* thoric proportion, contented, good nntured, with a decided aptitude for -guzzling. This latter propensity or Infirmity reaches Its ne plus ultra on the approach of Christmas day. 0, men Dim quelle population “ quel fracas /" is the ordinary exclamation of the I Parisian who visits London for the first time at anv common period of the year. But what'is it to-day f What on uproar, what pushing, what driving, what checks, what bangs, what smashes, what objurgations, what oaths, what gibes, what laugbtci! Cab into omnibus and omnibus into cab, the three-ln-hand wagoner making a passage .through the mighty mass by the sheer mo mentum of the enormous weight of his vehicle and Us freight. Like the mighty Orinoco, his team is visible afar off In the ocean offrailerlocomotives. Salmoncusnever drove his fiery coursers over the brazen bridge of Ells with'more “load resounding pace" than the imperial carter of some stupendous load over the affrighted pavement of macad amized London. There is a hurrying to and fro, a coming out and entering in nen a way as was never known in mighty Babylon or im perial Home. The principle of exchange and the power of transit were so little developed In "the days of old," that a walk along the Via Sacra or the Subuna , even during the Saturnalia, was peace itself compared with the passage amid the indefinite. Infinite uproar of the Strand or Choapsldc. Mlud yon, there are hundreds of thousands going to sec their friends In the country, and hundreds of thousands coming to spend Christmas with their friends la town. And then the wagon loads ot presents that come and go I Such piles of turkeys, geese, capons, ipheasants, etc., as the thoughtful relative hampers for his citizen brother, cousin, uncle, or acquaintance, and, per contra, what presents of fruits, or wine, or books, or trinkets, arc despatched to him or her who is destined to run down the stream of life In the midst of pigs, poultry 1 and potatoes in the country. Would this were all. With a taste that I hone Is peen liar to Mr, Bull, the butchers think it nccca sarv to vie with each other in exhibiting the*fattest specimens of pork, beef and rant ton thatEnglaodcan produce. This monster meat they decorate with rosettes and set it off in a frame-work of gas Jets to attract the uttentiou of the passer-by, just as a "deep bosomed” Juno—the expression is Ho meric—encircles her voluminonsness with n necklace of brilliants. What becomes of all this fatty degeneracy ? No one seems to know. It certainly Is not eatable norcaten. The butchers themselves, it yon ask them, are unable to account for Its disappearance nnd, I suppose, the most rational account Is that it melts In their hands. I don’t think U is mentioned in the statis* ties of London how much holly, and Ivy, nnd mistletoe, is consumed on this festival. In , the neighborhood of the markets there arc entire streets Mocked tip with great wagons eontnlthig nothing but bundles of these ever greens, nnd surrounding them arc an innu merable fry of costermongers with donkey carts and hand-barrows who arc the retail denlets by whose means this indispensable element in the Christmas household of the ImniMot Londoner is brought to every man’s door. For several weeks before Christmas tils nut rare to see in the windows of public houses a card with this inscription, "A goose e)ub held here." The far-off dweller In the Pialrlo State may feel ot a loss to under stand the meaning of a "goose club." Perhaps 1 eon best convey an Idea of It by saying that It Is an investment of a very small sum per week for some weeks bo fore Christmas— the bonus to be given being ; n coore, (whence the name,) or some equiva lent, with a bottle of gin or whiskey on Christmas eve. It needs not to be said that the promts on the drinking of the cluhblsts largely remunerates the publican fbr his be ncvo’cncc In procuring fbr the working man a substantial dinner on Christmas day. I shall pass by, os a matter of coarse, the tons of literature that are issued in theshapo of gilt-edged, golden-backed and illustrated books at this season, lu order that 1 may no tice, as n novelty, the Illustrations that meet the eye on the boardings and walla of this metropolis. Hero Is a ludy suspended In the air, or graceiully Dying along the dangerous trapeze; there caged lions and tigers, and 1 well-poised horsemen circling the arena; here a thousand nymphs whirling In the bal- , let; there tho "Flying Scud," ortho "13cad- Uss Horseman;" the "Dark Minstrels," or “ Stodare’s Spnynx”—ln short, whatever In the way of strange shape, or gaudy coloring, or mysterious wording, is likely to attract the eye and serve as an advertisement to the “who-runs-mttV-ieod" public. Horace thought that man was very daring for cmiustlng himself to a frail boat on the ocean, out that he must do If It were only to catch the red mullet and the sturgeon, (he roe of which the little Bomsn epicure so much liked. But hero in London we have been obliged to leave earth’s crust altogether, t .mi xtß drive our locomotive. through i vcrr huvrols—Obiuihlng Iho mickul i c«hii of tho .Ink. >ml rowura. “ Uudrr- 1 b'oi iul London" 1* hMomlijs “vlUl nod i.ntiuloii* os tho grave," ami tho signs or c. rnilm CUttslunui arc thickly stroll along niir subtcinu van lit csofcomtuiinlciillon. Ulsn great effort for. a. row days’ v\A «y* nicnt, hot then lh*rb aro Ihruc million oonuubs to bU’fod.nod, to gWo John hla tine, ImcoQtrUmtfS liberally that the other rmmberhof the John family may be able " to cWd thU one day lo Idleness" and Imppl* mss. There Is, unfortunately, but too vide a Held for tho cxcrcho of the beiiovoU'iico of the weaUhy, for. In ad dition to tho vhroulcwn-rly.or tho fond, the colliery accidents lit tho north of Eng. land have dllVuaed a great deal of acute misery among a numerous clusa of the pop ulatlon. ’ll would bo very desirable also, If, after hla rouat beef and plum pudding, bo felt wore kindly disposed toward* the “In (rucUble Celt," but frtrn what I hear and see. lam Inclined to the onlnlon that this 1 would bo to make too largo a demand on hla -‘nr*. I would not commit the In* . justice of attrlbutlng id Zll Bmrllsbmcn the ' passions of some, but there can bo no uoucii Uan outbreak should take place In Ireland, thai the worst side of British character .will . exhibit itself In that well-to-do, middle-aged ; gentleman who stood representative for John Bull In the cartoon ot Punch a week. ago. J The barrel-bellied, chop-cheeked, k/rum-llv t ered contributors to that now nsed-np and i coarse publication, would evidently be only • too clad'to scent the steam of Irish blood ; amidthc smoking viands of their Christmas I carnival. • • The Right Hon. Robert Lowe coaid not eat his dinner at the Merchant Tailors 1 Hall and return thanks for the toast of the House of Commons without a slap at the United States. He would not, for the world, hare the British Constitution and system degraded to the “ wire-pullings’ 1 ' and “ lobbying” of the United States. Innocent Mr. Lowe! Virtuous England! Polluted America ( But then it must bo understood that all the virtue of -England Is concentrated in the upper spheres of society. Ths working classes, In the estimation of the Adullamite and the Times' leader-writer, are mere scum— a drunken, depraved, ignorant and hrntal mass. First, he belies the largest class of bis own countrymen, and then, for the same purpose, he blackens the Americans. The Philistine of Printing House square still as sumes that the “ Great Republic beyond the sea," as Mr. Bigelow put it in the speech be mailt: at the banquet clven to him In Paris, may still be made tbe sport of the privileged classes throughout tbe world. This Is not the language (in which M. Michel Chevallier spoke of America tn bts opening icct«r«, on the 19tb instant, to tbe political economy crass In the College of France. This is the language In which the French doctrinaire speaks of you: “There exists on the other side of the Atlantic a nation UUI quite young, whoso existence and progress are an example to Europe. Tbe groat Republic ol me United States presents to us (be filctnreofa society wtere tbe general prosperity a much greater than in our nations of Europe. Tbe average productive power of tbe Individual is greater there. not only than 11 is In France, hm (ban it is in England and even Scotland, where it is sreater than In France. When tbe Unhid States arquited their liberty they were small in tbe number of tbclr population and In the tcale of tbclr wealth. But during tbe less than a century of tbclr independence, the nation has evinced an indomitable perseverance, an incom parable activity and a wonderful sagacity In its enterprises. By the side of the Four Uospele.

which it has received from tradition and which It ptufonnoly respects, America has n fifth, which Is not tbe Uo pel of a Father or the Church, bat which is still a >nle to It in the practice of Hie, mid which it seems to consult at all periods of its life, a work which was cxprwsly composed for It by a groat citizen who was equally eminent for bis public and private virtues. 1 allude to that mas terpiece or good sense and practical reason, known under the name ol Poor Richard's Alma t nc, whose author is Franklin—be who contribut ed so largely to the Independence of bis country. Iho Amcleans of the United bmtes first endowed ibelr country with freedom of labor, which, with them. Is the inseparable companion of other liner tics, and next with a general and obligatory sys tem of education. They bare multiplied banks of credit, sometimes without ttoabltug themselves about the best models to be nroptod. t hey turn covered tbe country with perfect modes of com munication ixtcutcd with an economy which cannot bo too much praised or too much {enlisted. They have directed the prin cipal efforts of tbclr activity, their will, end of their Intents nut in the direction of war, in which Europe tovespotm Absorbed, but towards the arts of peace, nmi the development of im'mv. after bnv tug ranged themselves nnOcrtho standard of those political and social principles which nru dearest to modern civilization—those which we honor under the nnmo of the principles of They have accordingly loundcu a •ocloly whose rapid development Is Iho wonder of the world. For tlio economist as well ah tin* statesman It is an nA'ihsusUUh' subject of study. A political ccomouT founded on experiment Is golug on there on it vast scale, und 1 siinll often have occasion to direct yonr attention to that quarter In order >hat you may doilvo therefrom Inspirations and ov* ample* tor thu Advancement ol onr dear country.” ] fancy this picture, drawn by uno who has studied America and its Institutions on tbo a pot, and who lias studied political economy us a science, will outshine llic dark shading of one who failed in Australia a* a polltlean, who knows of political economy as much os makes tho Times blunder round Its meaning when Mr. Lowe treats in its columns of any ono de partment of tho science, and who became an orator from chagrin and 111-tcmncr. I may mention] that the main point of Chcvalllcr’s lecture was to show that increased produc tion was not only compatible with dimin ished physical exertion on the part of man, but that the two were intimately connected as cause and clTcct. Tho other point on which he laid great stress, that more attention should be given to tho just distribution of commod ities tbau to their production, and he added that peace in society depended ou this Just distribution. An allusion to the anti-social character of wnr excited his hear ers to a storm of applause. Napoleon will have enough to do l« ride the storm. There was on excellent article In tho Debate of to day on America. I thought tho following description of Republicans and Democrats very happy. It is at nil events eminently French: "The Republicans desire thu Un ion with Its duties; the Democrats desire H only with Us passions.” It is stated from Paris that an American ” Gulignani ” is about to he established Li M 'ot city by Mr. Musgr*vc Cloy. FROM DETROIT. Covemor Crapo and l»ia I linens—Tin Execuilve tn a Critical Condltloa- Tlac Wayne Comity Election Swindle —A manly and Honorable With* drawal-Tho Impeachment Question In the Legislature—The Republican Party ol* Michigan—Proposed Change In the Jury Laws. (Spccuil Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune. Dethoit, Micb., January 11,1?C7. Our excellent Governor, Henry n. Crapo, continues dangerously 111. Ills final recovery is a matter of great doubt, and all fear the worst, because, particularly, of tbc danger ous and almost uncontrollable nature of bis disease. The Governor has been aflllctcd for years with the disease by which he is now prostrated. In its present shape it is an acute inflammation of the kidneys and blad der. Heretofore he has had several severe and very painful attacks of gravel, etc., ac companied with inflammation, and this time rapture and mortification, or malignant ul ceration and abcesa were greatly feared. That the disease is accompanied at times with an Intense agony of pain 1 need hardly state to the general reader —the medical reader will perceive in a moment how well-founded arc onr apprehensions, while he will excuse my unscientific, and, perhaps, incorrect diagnosis. Mr. Crapo has been a good Governor, tboughnot a brilliant one. Incomiptibly honest, conscientious, patriotic, and a prudent shrewd business man, he has acquired tbc general respect and a large share of tbc general affection, bcc ause the people regard him as a flood man and a safe man. He is a homely man (not in the sense of ill-looking, but In its warmer and better sense); and a partially melanchol- Iv man; with a kindly serious disposition, •f hesc sort of men always win the popular affection. If brought Into notice, whether they command admiration or not. And their honesty, being something to believe In and unreservedly trust, no one can success fully impeach their motives, and their ene mies find very little room to try. They se cure public confidence; than which no man in this State has won more than Governor Crapo. The ‘Wayne County election swindle has had more light shed upon it by the honora ble action of one of the Democratic nomi nees, falsely declared elected and given the certificate of election by tbc Wayne County Hoard of Canvassers. In my last, I explain ed fully tbe character of this swindle. Mr. George Ilcbdcn was the Democratic candi date tor Prosecuting Attorney of the county. The office is an important one. as well as a pnvimr one. The Republican candidate, Mr. Henry C. Knlsrht, was fairly elected by the votes of the people. But. os I have hereto fore tc'atcd. the Democratic Board of Can- Toscers threw out the entire vote of the two laipcbt Republican Words of this city, be cause of an alleged discrepancy between the vote lor Governor and the returns. There wus no dlscrepotcy on any other office. Mr. Knight began suit In the State Supreme Court, alleging these facta, ond Mr. Heb- Ocu’e reply to the complaint served upon him was so manly and honorable that I stale it In brief, as follows: u The answer admits the public nature of llicolUcc; that it la one of great trust and value; and Knight were the only candidates for the ofllco of Prosecuting At lorwcv for Wayne County ut the Inst elec* llon:'tln»t the defendant received a certifi cate ol his election from the Board of Conn* ty Canvassers; that on the Ist day of Jan uary the defendant entered on the duties of the office, and now holds the same. The answer then adds: “ * At.d further the deponent admits that at the raid c«rcral clrcilon bo, the depon-ou, did not receives majority of M/ I'Qal totft can for said office: but dial (he said relator did receive a majority ol said vote*. Alt of which the defend nni submits t» lUli honorable court lu order that whaMs right and Jnsl n»v be done between the dcfpndat.t and raid wlator.’ “The answer Is drawn and signed by Wil* llnm Grav, defendant’s attorney. On this state oflhcts the Court ordered Judgment of ouster to be immediately entered.*’ This answer, mode by the only lawyer uptn the Democratic ticket, it will be perceived, admits that the Republican candidate did re ceive n majority of ” the legal votes cast,” and that the voles thrown out by the swind ling Democratic Board of Canvassers were “legal votes.” The answer admits that these votes were Illegally thrown out, fbr Mr, Ucbdcn prays the court that “what is right ond Just” may be done by the giving of the olllcc to Mr. Knight, as was at once done hr the court. A more telling condemnation of the wrong committed by the Democratic Board of Canvassers could not have been drawn, coming thus from one of their own candidates, ond he the representative lawyer of the Democratic party, upon their county ticket. Yet the Democratic organ In this city, as might be expected, has oil along hotly defended the swindle, olthough Mr. flobueu’d course la In strict accordance with the viewa of all the really honorable aud b'gh minded leaders of hla party. The Michigan Legislature has, during the post week, been somewhat excited upon the Question of Impeaching the President. The Question was introduced In the House by an ill-considered proposition of a young ana nn> influential member from Kent County, serv ing his first term, to Instruct and renuesl onr Congressional delegation not to impeach the President on ray account, because it might injure the Republican party. This propo sition, made without consultation -with other numbers, raised an excitement at once. It was promptly tabled, very prop erly, after which Mr. Millard proposed tho following resolution, which was promptly jamd; Jletolttd, (the Beetle cooeunliiff,) Thai the l<cch)aiiuoorMleblesti have full confidence la die patriotism, latotmty and dfcrotlon of (Its Ho publican majority <<r me oicsnnt r-oiisrcss or the United HUlcs, and that Ihoaablpetotuieltnpeseb* incut of tho Chief Majrlstraio or tho nation is one ot ctnvc sul solemn responsibility* which the uoiFoDal Cot lUtailiiu has devolved uuoii Oou mesa, slid in regard lo which ihi* legislature, it (he prs*ent time,l* neither Inclin'd to advtaoour lU-prO'cntsilvos nor loslrnet our Henstors* bar only lo ask of them s nrndcut, (earless, mid con* scirottou* docomgu ul their Qnty. Ollier i oeolullons were proposed by various gentlemen, mostly urging Congress to pro. cecd and Impeach the President. These were all successively tabled. But tho llouao being strouglv Kadlcol, resolved upon some expression of Us sentiments Icsanon-comrolt tut than the resolution not to Instruct. There* fore liio following, offered by Mr. Newcomb, were passed, alter lying over one (lay under Iha nufiS, bv a vole of 7tt to U: Wheqeah.'iliaptfnmJj charged that Andrew Johnson. Vice President and acting President of the United Stale*, baa ncen guilty of unlawful and corrupt execution of thctnuU hi* high office, and of committing sets which, in con* temptation of tbe Confutation of the United State*, ftie nigh crime* and mlademeauora; and Wuxniaa, Though the voice of the nation baa been board in condemnation of hla official prac tices, he ttlll penlata In opoosioe hi* tndivilaal will to the will o! tbe people, repeatedly end con stitutionally expressed; therefore, Httolttd (the Senate concurring). That this body approves and will support the tenon of the House of Representatives in Congress. anUtorlsing in quiry j a'o his official conduct, with a view to hla Impeachment ff. upon Investigation, he shall be fGuuu io nave been gnitij Ct TTtlCil ITS?? signed or calculated to overthrow, subvert or cor rupt tbe Government of the United Stales or any department or office thereof; or of acta which, in tbe contemplation of tbe Constitution, are high crimes and misdemeanors. . Setolttd, That a copy of the foregoing pream ble and resolution, duly authenticated, be transmitted to the House of Representatives in Congress. This will go to Congress In connection with the resolution not to Instruct, in case the two propositions pass the Senate, where they were referred to the Committee on Federal Relations. They show the unmistakable temper of the Legislature and tbe people of Michigan to abide by and enforce tbe laws and the Constitution against crime In high places, if crime exists, regardless of consid erations of mere policy or party- I doubt i not that, ontslde the circles of commerce and 1 finance, which largely control the sentiment of great cities, you will find the same deter- I mined firmness and unflinching defiance of I possible financial or political disturbance, I covering the entire great mass of tbo Ropnb- Hcan parly. It is tbesame hardy spirit which camcu ua successfully through the w ar. Tbe rank and me wuo determined to put down tbe rebellion If It took from them their lost dollar and last man. They are now equally determined to secure the trails of their vic tory in the field, if it takes their last dollar. And they will not flinch or pause, no matter who croaks of political and finan cial convulsions. The people, since their bitter experience, “don’t scare worth a cent,” as the boys la blue phrase it. Still they are shrewd and patient, and they will expect Congress to act wisely and very pru dently, but with Inflexible firmness. Unless the President is clearly guilty, not only morally but legally, so that it is a solemn duty to impeach him, as well as a necessity. Congress will not be encouraged to proceed by Michigan sentiment. But the party of equal rights in this State will shrink from no clear duty, and will luce every real neces sity as promptly and sternly as the most radical can wish. For it is hardly necessary to *ay to any who have kept truck of politics in Michigan during the past year, that the Republican party in this State not only In cludes the entire body of our soldiers during the war, but that the “Michigan Boys in Blue” control the party this day. The Leg islature, and all the State, county and city offices are full of soldiers and the representa tives of soldiers. Therefore wo arc as ladical os bayonets and ns resolved as bullets. Otic of the most Important propositions of this generation is now before the State Sen ate Judiciary Committee, it is a proposi tion to change our jury lows, so that read ing. intelligent, wide-awake men tuny not be excluded kora sitting on Juries because of having formed or expressed an opinion upon any case, provided they can conscientiously take an oath to Impartially decide the casu upon the evidence brought before them, without prejudice, malice or favor. In Chi cago, I remember, In the fall of IHOS, a mur der trial was chanced to another county, be cause there could not bo round In Cook County twelve men, not Idiots, paupers or foreigners, who had not read the history of a previous trial of an accomplice of the mur derer, os published In Hie Tinui’Nit, and, be cause of such reading of the dally paper?, being too Intelligent to servo as a Juror I In another county, however, twelve men were found, alter considerable difficulty, who didn’t read the papers, ami henco bad not. formed opinions, and wore considered sufficiently stupid to represent the majesty of the law. Some comments made by the TiunuNc, upon this case, boro fruit In Michigan. 1 hope you will yet effect this reform in Illinois. Rtstorl has been hero and departed. On Saturday evening, in the character of Mary Stuart, she drew a very largo audience, and satisfied them all. MiuU. THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONTEN T10N« Anotlicr Letter from Hon* Jolm A, Jameson* Chicago, Jan. 13. To tho Editor of the Chicago Tribune: TJic extreme importance of the point made by him impels me to ask a little space to answer your correspondent “IV.*” whose letter appears In the Tsiuiusb thlsmomlpg/ •* W.” cannot accede to the “ remarkable proposition,” made by rac, 11 that a Slate Legislature derives from a State Constitution Its cntiio power to act at all In any capa» city,” and cites several eases from our State reports which In his opinion sustains him in his position. Perhaps, were I to ask your correspondent to point out specifically from what source, if not from the Constitution, a Legislature docs derive its powers, ho would be as much cm* burrnssed os he is now amazed. A brief statement of what I conceive to bo the facts in regard to the source and distri bution of powers belonging to our Constitu tions, Statcand Federal, will convince “W.,” I think, that the proposition I made was not more remarknbietban true. The Federal Constitution creates a Con- gress and vests it with specific powers of regislatlon and no others. Its language is : *’All legislative powers herein granted shall bo vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist,” &c. To make it certain that the National Legislature was possessed only of powers specially enumerated, the ninth amend ment was.passed In these words: “The enumeration In the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or dis parage others retained by tbe people;” tbat is, the maxim, cjpressio unlus. &c., was de clared expressly to apply to that Constitu tion. In the State Constitutions the grant of legislative power has been uniformly dif ferent in Us terms and differently construed. In the flist place, there appears in them all a general clause creating a General Assem bly, or Legislature, to which It makes a general grant of all the legls-. latlve power the State possesses— that is, all tbe legislative power “not dele gated to the United States I’by 1 ’by the Federal Constitution, “nor prohibited by it to the Slates,” nor “reserved to the people” of the United States. [See 10 Amendment to tbe Federal Constitution.] Thus, the present Constitution of Illinois says, Art. 3, Sec. 1: “ The legislative author ity of this State shall be vested in a General Assembly, which shall consist,” Ac. After this general grant, those Instruments then proceed to specify the cases to which the power of the Legislatures thereby created shall not extend, or to regulate the mode of Its exercise. It is unnecessary to specify in stances, for the peculiarity of the grant in this class of Constitutions Is perfectly under stood by every lawyer as well Informed as “ W.” seems to be. The Federal Constitution and tbc State Constitutions being thus different, diverse inlesof construction arc applied to them. The Federal Legislature has only such legis lative poorer as the Federal Constitution has given It, and there being no grant of a gen eral power of legislation, the extent of its power must be determined by looking to the specific grants that Constitution contains. The Legislatures of the States, also, have enly such legislative power os the State Con stitutions give them, but the grant beluga general one of all the legislative power the States severally possess, and that. In a few words In the opening sections of those instru ments, so far as specific legislative powers ' are mentioned at all, they arc mentioned to be prohibited, or rcgnlatcd by restricting their scone. Thus it “Is. In a certain sense, true, as the cases cited by “W.” decide, that the provisions of onr State Con stitutions are to bo taken not ns grants ot power, but as restrictions of power. In any other sense than I have ex plained, however, It would be preposterous to contend, tbot those instruments are mere restrictions of power. Is tbero any such thing os a common law right of onr Legisla ture to legislate, independently of the Con stitution f Let “W.” point out the chapter nod verse of any legal or other authority maintaining any auch position. The and short of the matter Is that the body of men at Springfield arc now making laws for Illinois, cither derive their whole"power to act os a Legislature In any matter whatever, from constitutional nutliorltv—l may say from the Constitution of Illinois, for in those cases In which it acts under authority of the Federal Constitution, ns In accepting or rejecting amendments t( that Instrument, proposed by Congress, &c.» the Federal Constitution Is a part of the Constitution of Illinois—or It derives It from some Indeterminate source not recognised by the Constitution of Illinois, bnt independent of It, which even “ W.” will not contend. Jons A. Jameson*. IlieOratli Penalty. Chicago. January IS. To (lie Editor of the Cblcaeo Tribune : The Time* In this morning's Issue attacks the contemplated movement for the obollah nicnt of capital punishment, and Impugns the motives which have actuated the gentle man irom Wisconsin, In coming Into our State, and expresses the opinion that the punishment of death should not only bo retained In eases of tnnrdcr, hat should bo extended to some of the lesser crimes. In connection with this statement it will l>o Instructive to read a paragraph from the Atlanta JnteUvjencer. to be found on the eighth pace of the Timex of tho same Issue, which gives a e'ear and concise statement of the trial, conviction and execution of an lu-i noccut person, the real criminal afterwards confessing the crime. That Innocent persons are frequently pat to death no one will pretend to deny, the only remarkable feature In connection with the fact being tbo undue zeal with which many persons will advocate the retention of a penalty so irremediable In Its nature, thus affording no opportunity of reparation to the unjustly condemned, which, under a modified law, could be rendered the sufferer. Until, savs Lafavette, yon can demonstrate to me the Infallibility of Unman testimony, I shall continue to pray lor the abolition of capital punishment. Craoaoo, January 15, 1867, THE TARIFF. Report of the Senate Finance Committee. ' Nummary of tboir Bocom mondatiod. 'the Proposed Duties on Wool and Woollens, Iron, Leather, Etc. The Senate Finance Committee on Friday lost ro|H>rted a substitute for the Tariff Dill of the Jlonso passed during the last session. They take (or the hauls the reform proposed by Commissioner Wells, and propose to amend it In the followlog among other par* tieulara: On pimento, 15c; ground pimento. 13c, anil ginger root, Be W ft. Brin dr to continue at (3 |? gallon: on all other aplrlta manufactured or nlMUIed from {train or oth«*r materials containing 60 per centum or lees of alcohol, $ callon, according to the preseat tamf; cordials, liquors, etc., $2 to $2.60 per cation. Ihe Finance Committee propose to reduce the duly on clears, cigarettes and cheroots of all hinds to 72 in* stead of |8 $ ft, with per cent ad roforrm, and the following changes Irom Wells's hill: On wools of the first class, Imported unwashed, the value whereof at the last place whence ex; ported to the United States, including charges in such ports, shall he JKc or less $ ft,the duty shall bo 10c 9 ft, wltn 10 per C"ntum ad valorem; on wools unwashed, the value whereof at the last 1 nortor place whence exported to the United Elates, Icclcdlnfj ciarges lo such port, alaU at ceed2lc¥*ft, and not exceeding ,ECt»ft, the duty shall be 10c 8 ft» and. In addition thereto, 10 per centum ad enforem. Upon wools of the tame class, unwashed, the value whereof at the last port or place whence exported to the United States, including charges in 6uch porta, shall ex ceed 82c » to, the duty shall be 12c ? ». and, in addition thereto, 10 per cent ad r alortm. On camels', coals', alapacaa and like animals' hair, 10c 8 ft. with 10 per cent; and when the value is over 82c a pound, 13c a j>, with 10 per cent ad valorem. Upon wools of I the third class the value whereof at Jihe last port or place whence Imported Into the United States, excludine cbarces in such port, shall helScor less, the duty shall be Sc 9 ft- Upon wools of the same class unwashed, the value whereof at the last port or place whence exported excluding charges in suen port shall exceed 12c 9 ft,the doty at all be ft. On sheepakinsand Angora goal skins. rawer unmanufactured, imported with the wool on washed or unwashed, the duty shall bo B>j pei centad reform, and on woollen tags, shod* dy.mungo, and waste, the dnty shall be ISc 9 ft, and on woollen Coens the dnty shal l be Sc 9 ft. On woollen cloths, comprising broadcloth, etoakitgs, casslmerc*, ladles' cloths, doeskins, tricots, ana ait other tailed or relied goods or fabrics, woollen shawls, tlsnncls and alt mannfac lares of wool of every description, made wholly or In part of wool not herein otherwise specified, 45c 9 ft, and in addition thereto 35 8 cent ad ra lortrn / on blankets and woollen and worsted ysrii&, Composed wholly or In part of wool, the hair of the alpaca goat or other like animals, i valued at not exceeding 40e V ft, 20c 9 ft? valued m at>ove 40c 8 ft. and not exceeding 6t’c y ft, 3 c I T> ft; valued at above i>Q ft, and not exceeding Si c 1? ft, Me 8 lb: ruined at above GOc 9 ft. and not exceeding 80c y ft, 69c "p ft; valued at above ft, COc v ft, and In addition thereto, upon all the above named articles, 39 7* cent aduuotem. On hunting. 20c 9 square yard, and in addition thereto 2U 8 cent atf vatorfin. Women’s and children's dresf goods and real or Imlca'lon Ital ian cloths and coatings. cither In the gray or of uniform color, or In various colors or fringes, pro duced in the process ol weaving, or by coloring, Rialninc, paiiitlnc, pilnting or other wise, coot monlv eold or purchased hy the yard or other lineal measuic, orhy tho pieces composed wholly or In part of wool, worsted, the hair ot the at paca coat, or other like animals, valued at not ex feeding 2U C*nls per square yard, 0 cents per j suuaru yard, and, in addition thereto, 35 per cent aa valortm* valued ot above 29 cents p-’r square | yard, 8 cents per equate yard, and. In addition iticictoß3 percent ad valorem: Provided, That ; on all such goods weighing four ounces and over per square yard, the duty shall be 30 cents per pound, and In addition thereto 83 per cent ad composed wholly or In rnrt of wool, comprising shirts, drawers, stockings. socks, gloves, mittens and fill other goods, knltlcd or made on f» ames ot hy hand, and ctnlh giovcs, 40c V ft. and in addition thereto :i» per cent ad valo rem. Hats and caps of wool, and clothing ready made and wearing apparel o» every description, I and balmorsl skirts composed wholly or In part of wool, worsted, the hair of the alpaca root or other hko animals, made up or manufactured wholly or In part by tho tailor, seamstress or manufacturer. 60c V ft, and to addition thereto 83 per cool ad valorem. Webbings, beltings, corns, bindings, braidings and galloons, composed wholly or in part of wool, worsted, tho hair of the alpaca cost or other like animals. fiOctl ft, and lu addition thereto. «5 per cortuti valorem. irlngcs, gimp, tnsecls. dress trimmings, bean net*, nations, or tassel luuious, or buttons of other forma for tas sels or ornaments, wrought by hand or braided by machinery, made of wool, worsted, the Imlr of the nlpnm goal or other like animal, or of which tho above-named materials are the component parts of chief value, It) tier cent ad valorem. Oil cloths fur Hours, stamped, paint ed or printed, valued at R 0 cents or loss pursqiuro 1 yard, SB per cent ad valorem ; valued at over M ceiiiapor square yard, and on all other oil cloth, except silk oil cloth, and on water-proof cloth not otherwise herein provided for, 13 per cent ait run* r,m ; on oil illk cloth, 00 per centum ad ruJorrm. On spun silk for filling lu skeins or caps, 83 per ccntcd valorem. On silk In thu gum, not more advanced than singles, tram, thrown, or organ nine, mid on floss silks, 03 pur centum ad valorem. On sewing silk. In Ihe cum or purified. 6U per cent ad valorem. On nil ribbons, bcltlDc,gauoous, bat-bands, bindings, triages, gimp, cloak and dress trimmings, fancy buttons, cords, dress cords, cords ana taredr, head nets, bead drussos, neckties, collars and scarfs made of 8llk,"0 per cectam ad valorem. On all other manufactures of silk mixed with other materials comprised as above, in which silk lithe inaiurial ot chief value, no per cent ad valorem. Mauufactured silk, sl3 a ton. Ituesia, Manilla, Italian and other manufactured hemps, $23 per ton. Oo all brown and blenched linens, ducks, canvas*, pad dings, cot bottoms, burlaps, drills, coatings, brown hollinds. play linens, Spanish linens, pa per damasks, crash, huckabacks. hanakir chhis. lawx.ii or other maoiitactiires of flax, homo or Jute, of which flax is the component material o' chief value, not bet cm otherwise specified, 3c per square yaid. and 3'J per cent ml valorem. Thu commMec propose to strike ont some of the Iron features and Insert old iron and meal scraps $3 a tor. Old wrought Iron scraps. $3 n.ton. Iron bars robed nod hammered, not less than one half an inch ror more than four inches w ide, and not Ices than half an Inch and not more than two Inches thick, V ft. On ditto more than two Inches thick, On nil sizes no* thinner than No. 3 wire, iJic V ft. B irs and roda not less than seven-eighth* of an inch, nor more thau two Inches In diameter, 2*c ll ft. Ou Iron oars or rods less than seven-eighths of an Inch round or sqnarc, and more than two inches m diameter or equate, and not lefs than one- Mxtccmh of an lech ronnd or square, lijc per ft. Ou liars or rods ronnd or square leas than ntira slxfeouths of an Inch 1c diameter or square, end not lees than flve-etztcemhaat aulnch In diameter or rqnsie. 2c 8 ft. On rods less lhau five- Ixtceutba of an inen diameter or sqnnre nor levs than No. M wire gauge, 2Hc V ft. Coal remains ns Commbslo* tr Wells suggests. On 1 Idee raw ornneurcd. whether diy salted or plckkd. ID per cent ad valorem On hldecnlilngs, sir pa. tails, acd like articles need as gluo stock, 10 per ccntud valorem. Ou raw eo«i efclrs lu ito hair, and ou deer skins and calf rkms raw*, 10 per cent cd valorem. On law sheep skins, or pelts witi'out wool, 10 per cunt ad valorem ; and all eblnsdussed, launed, lowed or corned, wholly or m part, pot otherwise herein provided for, shall coy duly as leather, except skins of tho North American buffalo, which shall he admitted asrawbkuie.atadniyof JO per cent ad valorem. On f Lins and roans, pickled or salted, 10 per ce»*t ad valorem. On skins tanned, colored or finlshed.- 33 per cent ad valorem. On leatfa'r, viz; On band or belling leather, and on Spanish or other sole Icatner, CBpercentci valorem. On French, Ger man, and otter tanned calf skins, and an all up ter leather except morocco, japanned and patent leather. 35 per cent ad valorem. The free list, as proposed by Commissioner Welle, is nearly the same In the hill as reported to-day. The committee add the section of the House hlrt which provides that from the first day of April next, there shall he allowed ou the fol lowing articles, when exported a drawback equal to the amount of the dnty paid on the imported material used In the maunfactnre Un reof. less five per centum on the amount of such drawback, which shall bo retained for the use of the United Slates; and such drawback shall he ascertained In accordance with* the regulations to bo pre sented by the Secretary ot the Treasury, namely, on mowing machines. plow>r axes, hatchets, spades, hoes, bay and mum re forks, chisels, augers and carpenters’tools. _ a new section provides that on and after the first flay of April. ISC., there shall he allowed and paid, a drawback equal in amount to the Import duty paid on all Iron, copper, acd cordage, which •ball he wrought up into the coostructon of railing vessels of the United States, or used in repairing vessels of foreign build, documented In conformity with tho provisions of the Act of Be cembcr 23, 1353, Kss five per centum on the , amount of such drawback which shall he retained < for the use of the United Stales, nndcr such regu lations as the Secretary of the Treasury may pre scribe ; provided the word iron, as herein used, shall not he construed to include any manufac tured article of Iron. Another section provides (hat any goods, wares, or merchandise Imported into the United State*, upon which an ad valorem duty is Imposed by law, may be taken by the United States upon the payment to the consignor thereof of the dutiable value of such goods, ware and merchandise, as stated by the Invoice thereof at tho place of ex portation, and in addition to such invoice value, ten per centum thereof, and (he freight, insur ance and charges to Ihe place of importation. it la made the duty or the Collector of the port of importation ol any such goods, wares or mer chandise, whenever they arc in bis opinion no dctvalncdto an amount equal to ten per center the invoice value thereof, to take possession of said goods, wares or merchandise as the property of the United states, and sell the same under such rales and regulations a* may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, who Is authorized to pay the consignee the dutiable valnc. Another section provides that all goods In bond or in bonded warehouses, on which duties have not been paid, shill, after this lawtakes efiect, pay all rates of dnir imposed by this act. It oian corn ten cents per bushel. Com meal ten per cent ad valorem. „ Smoked salmon acd halibut, $1 per JOOtfts, emoked (herring, $1 per tOfi fts; pickled salmon, whiteflsnand tront,s3 oer bit; .pickled, nack cremated and halibut, $2 pet btl; pickled her rinrand alcwlvcs, tl pcrbrl. On bay ihinv per cent od wiorem. On animals living, viz: on horses, marcs, colts, asses and mules, SO per cent ad valorem. On neat cattle,23per cent adralovem. On sheep,goats, calves and swine. 20 per cool ad valorem. On all kinds not otherwise herein provided tor, 30 per centod valorem. ..... ~ On apples, garden fruit and edible vegetables, and roots In green and Irvsb slate, not herein pro vided for, 10 per ccaxad valorem. , „ Kochello tails. IBccsu per noaod. Eprm ulta, l cent per pound. iGum arable, Senegal, Barbara, East India. Cape. Australia, I*4 cents per pound. Crude sulphate of soda or salt coke, J 4 coot per pound. Fplrils turpentine, 30 cents per gallon. On whtot. SO cuuU per bu*hcl. Plaster ol Paris, orgroaad gypsum, or sulphate oflliuc, 40 cents o-f valorem. to - _ -Vlysterlotu AOhlr—Attempt at Bobbery i and {Harder* (Prom the Mound City (III.) dooms], January 13.1 On Saturday forenoon last Mr. Abram Campbell, a citizen of respectable reputation In this city, made a trip to Stnmptown, our northern suburbs, with tho Idea of purehos* lug one or two wood-boats. Mrs. C., his wife, states that before starting sho gave him 6000, with which to buy the boats, and that he had some money besides. In company with a Mr. Morris ho arrived at Nick Burk* (hart's saloon and grocery, on tho outskirts ,of the city, beyond tho north lovee. Mr. Campbell and his friend Morris had taken one or two drinks on their wav up to Burk hart’s, and after arriving at the latter place they look a coupls of drinks more. Mr. Campbell told at Burkhart’s the object of his trip up there, and stated that he had the money with him which to nay for tho boats. .He also mentioned, cither there or at some place where be stopped before arriving, that no carried bis money In his boots. Camp bell’s friend, Morris, left him at Burkhart’s, and went his way. . „ „ . „. The next that was heard of Campbell ho wof. found down in a marshy place near the river, bis head badly gashed, and hi* entire person covered with blood. It appears that utter leaving Burkhart’s he was attacked, badly cut np, his boots taken off and carried away, one pocket ot his pants cut out, the other turned Inside out, and his pocket book wkh all the money he had about him cun™ away. Do apparently hadbecn C t *, c< *?Jln robbed on’.v a few rods from, and in plain view of, Burkhart’s saloon. He was preba bly left for dead, bnt after hi* assaUants left ‘him be evidently revived ftafficlently to re caln his feet, and then staggered towards the Bvcr. Do tumbled down an embankment about four feet high, and picked himself up ANTI'GALLOWS, again afterward*, and staggered on to Ibe roaiaby place, wboro bo fell and lay until a, negro discovered him and. after accuriug help, conveyed bltn to Uurkbad's grocery. The man was out to two place* across Ibe bend In a bad manner. HU skull Is probably fractured. Uo Is now lying nt b!it rt'Ukccc on Hallroadavomio, In a crlt* leal situation. Tbo prospect for UU recovery I* very alight. Hu is altogether out of Ids lenses, and iriio knows anything In reaard to It, ho Is utterly unable to tell annhlm; tangible with roiorcnco to the auauU upon bln), and bis robbery. Ho was evidently struck. In the find place, under his car by a tremendous blow from somebody's fist. Tneu lie was assailed with a piece of stave timber, from a pile near at hand, ami struck a couple of times across the fore part of the bead. As noted before, tho blow must have left him perfectly Insensible, and, to all appearances, dead. No doubt the fiends Intended to kill him, and thought they had. THE INDIAN MASSACRE. Disgraceful Scenes at Fort Laramie— Savage .Tlmilallon of the Dead—Hor rors of Life on tbo Plains. The Columbus, Ohio, Journal publishes the following communications concerning the recent Indian massacres on the plains: Four T-ABt-ync,d. x. t December 23,1336. Christmas has come and none, and we arc* heartily glad of It. Never during onr coarse of human events have we been blessed with the liberty of viewing so much obscenity, debauchery and drunkenness. The whole garrison was on a “bust.” ‘With one or two exceptions, every officer, non-commissioned officer ann private were more or less under the influence of liquor yesterday. The scene beggars description, and even did it admit of minute record, pen and ink would rise in revolt at such atrocious application. Last evening the officers resolved to cele* hrato the event of being Christmas night, and right merry did they do It, too; la a measure equalling, or rather re-enacting the day's glories, and the night was made hideous by many a 'jest and song of an Intoxicated officer and soldier. Fighting- was the order of the day and the unemployed bullies were la all their glory. At all hours of the day we might see some disgraceful brawl going on—no effort on the part of the proper authority to re strain them. In fact, but a re-enaction of the New York riot of 18C3. on a small scale, and the fact of their being many of that honorable fraternity present (still unhung) i rendered the simile semi-perfect. And yet, while all this was transpiring, we hear the rumor—which wc dare not donbt— of a bloody and sanguinary fray at Reno, re sulting in the loss of lilc of many of onr com rades and soldiers. The rumors are conflict ing. yet at least lifty meo arc the victims of the Indian massacre. Yet laS*ttieporls even exceed this. So soon as full particulars are 1 received. 1 will transmit them to you. i Licutecont 11. S. Bingham, of the Sccoud I Cavalry, was killed some two weeks ago, near Fort Phil. Kearney. Sergeant Wm. I Bear was also killed, alKeno, by the Indi ans, who came up boldly to within twenty yards of the outer stockade, and attacked, Killed and scalped him. L'ontenant Bing ham was gallantly leading men lotoV* charge, -nhen. by acme rinaccounV,Tni Lin means, he became detached hi* i. u>and some fifty or more yardt the timidity of his is presu^.*^.*?®* o M us a natural com>equeuce, was ta. . killed. Three scalps were taken head. This may seem inexplicable.!© readers of the Jcuruat t but, b *wevcr, it ot true. Au Indian takes a sculp from the immediate top of tho head, which is about equal in size to a silver dollar, } or the circumference of an ordinary watch; thus, vou sec, when a very desirable pale lacc, or “ v.aslchl,” (vrau-sa chee,) U killed, and scalps ore scarce, tbe whole scalp,or hair of the head, is taken and cut into smaller ' scalps for judicious distribution among tho ndimrcTß of the article. I have the scalp of a red-skin, Daeolab, (Sioux Indian.) which wns given mo by the veteran hero, James— or, better known as Jim Dodger—the o.dosl “ plainer '* alive. The weather continues cold—freeze one day: thaw another; enow in the Interim. 1 bkatlng has become quite a posslon with us at present, ami the fortunate one who pos se* a pair of the article*, derives quite a rev enue nom lending them out, ike. Sam. { Four Lauaxik. Decembers?. .Since willing the above (or yesterday's letter,) wc are m receipt of the Intelligence of u fearful and horrid massacre near Fort Phil. Kearney. Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Fellonmui, Captain Frederick 11. Brown and Lieutenant Grummond. of the Eighteenth Infantry, aro among Urn killed, nluety-lour being the sum total. It appears that a party went out, under tho command of Colonel Fcttcrman, to attack the Indians, and, proceeding In a northerly direction, when but live miles from Fort Phil. Kearney, they were pounced upon by two thousand Indiana, who annihilated the whole command, except five citizens, who were in the rear some distance, and thereby avoided the ambuscade. Thu mutilation of the bodies, a beholder tells me, was horrible in the extreme. Cap tain Brown was terribly cutup; bis * * * ami attendant atrocities were perpetrated upon thepersonsofthe othervictiins. When my informant left tie dead were being hauled In by the wucou-loads. We ate anxiously awaiting tho full puiticularu, and hope that I the report Is exaggerated and unfounded- U may be so, and It may not; wc trust the latter. Sau. AH AIICTI € ADVfcNTUIIE. A Dnnecrou* Kocoimlrr uiih nn Ire* berg—A Perilous Sltuaiioa-blfu m (lie Polur Mean. Ur. Jlnyep, in his new work, “The Open Polur Sea,’' thus relates a dangerous encoun ter with an Iceberg: “(living too little heed to the currents, we were eagerly watching the Indications of »i:d which appeared ut the south, and hoping for a breeze, when it was discovered that the tide had changed and was stealth ily setting as upon aneot of bergs which lay tolccwuid. One of them was of that de* script!* n known among the crew by the sig nificant title of ‘touch-me-not,* and present ed that Jagged, honey-combed appearance indicative of great age. They are unpleas ant neighbors The least disturbance of their equilibrium may cause the whole mass to crumble to pieces, and woe be unto the unlucky vessel tbnt is caught m the dissolu tion. “In such a trap it seemed, however, that we stood a lair chance of being ensnared. The current was carrying us along ut an un comfortably rapid rale. A boat was lowered as quickly us possible, to iun out a line to a berg nhlch lay grounded about a hundred yards from us. While this was being done, we grazed the side of a berg which rose a hundred feet above our topmasts, then slip ped past another of smaller dimensions. By pushing against them with our lee-poles we changed somewhat the conrsc of the schooner; but when we thought that we were steering clear of the mass which we so mneb dreaded, an eddy changed the direction of our drift, and carried us almost broadside upon it. “The schooner struck on the starboard quar ter. and tlic shock, slight though U was, dis engaged some fragments of ice that were large enough to have crushed the vessel had they struck her. and also many little lumps which rattled about ns; but fortunately no person was hit. The quarter-deck was quickly cleared, and all hands, crowding for ward, anxiously watched the boat. The berg now began to revolve, and waa settlingslow lv over ns; the little lumps fell thicker and liister upon the after-deck, and the forecastle was the only place where there was the least chance of safety. '— “At length the berg itself saved ns from destruction. An immense mass brose olf from that part which was beneath the snr face of the sea, and tills, a dozen times larger than the schooner, came rushing up wjthln a few yards of us, sending a vast vof nmc of smoke and water flying from Us sides. This rupture arrested the revolution, and the berg began to settle' in the opposite di rection. And now came another danger. A long longue was protruding immediately un derneath the schooner; already the keel was slipping and grinding upon it, and it seemed probable that we should be knocked np into the air like a foot-ball, or at least capsized. The side ot our enemy soon leaned from ns, and wc were In no danger from the worse than hail-stonc-showcrs which bad driven us forward: so we sprang to the ice-poles and exerted our strength in endeavoring to push the vessel off. There were no idle hands. Danger respects not the dignity of the quar ter-deck. “After we had fatigued ourselves at this bard labor without any useful result, the berg came again to our relief. A loud report drat startled us ; another and another followed in quick succession, until the noise grow deafening and the whole air seemed a reser voir of frightful sound. The opposite side of the berg had split off, piece after piece tomb ling a vast volume of Ice into the sea, and sending the berg revolving back upon us. This time the movement was quicker; fragments again to fall, and, already sufficiently startled by the alarming dissolution which had taken place, we were In momentary ex pectation of seeing the whole side nearest to us break loose and crash bodily upon the schooner. In which event she would inevita bly be carried down beneath it, as hopelessly doomed os a shepherd hut beneath an Alpine a '“ByUils UmoDodcc, who hod charge of Idhcboot, had succeeded In planting an ice- I anchor and attaching his rope, and greeted 1 us with the welcome signal, •Hauln.» wo pulled for our lives, long and steadily. Sec onds seemed minutes and minutes noun. At length wo began to move off. Slowly ana steadily sank the berg behind ns, carrying away tho main boom and grazing bird t against tho quarter. But we were safe. Twenty yards away and the disruption oc i curred which wo had all so much dreaded. The side nearest to us now split off, and came plunging wildly down Into the sea. sending over us ft shower of spray, raising a swell which set n a rocking to and fro as If m a gale of wind, and left us grinding In tho diSrfr of the crumbling ruin. “ At last wo succeeded In extricating oar selves, and were for enough away to iook back calmly upon the object of ,£“ r It was still racking and rolling like ft thing of life. At each revolution fresh mosses were disengaged; and, as Its sides camp up In lone sweeps, great cascades tumbled and looped from them hissing Into the foaming sea* Alter several hours It settled down Into quietude, a mere fragment of Its for mer greatness, while the nieces that were broken from It floated quietly away with tho tide.” —■ Serious Bftllroad plMsien [Delaware G.“e!.o*f } On Thursday afternoon quite a serious ac cident happened to tho freight and accom* moduTlon train due hrrcfit (our ° clock. When within two or tbroo hundred yards of tho depot at this place, a rail broke and threw flee car* down ou embankment of , twenty footTfJno p»«onger, baggage three freight cars were thrown down. One oMhe freight cars was literally broken to Stoii and all tho others very badly Injured. Tb rftgtrako master, who was also acting In Ibd - capacity of brakesman, attempted to es cape ty Jumping off, but unfortunately ; leaped down hill, when the cars rolled oeoe Mm crushing him IHghllttUy und causing bb fnSSnt death. His Mine -was Andrew i rolmv Ho was about tblrty-flyo years of ; a ge“and leayes a small family. He left Us Smby In tho morning as happy M nsnal, bnt cn his return, wb«n within sight of home and frle?ds, wti called .to big long homo without a farewell void. A man boarding with tbo family dreamed the nlitUt before tlmtlbo dencasod would die tbo nextday— a little singular circumstance. Tlic piunon gcr car contained about twenty person*,none of whom wore Injured much except Her. n. K. Pilcher, who wus cut considerably about tbo head. Onocorwos loaded with sheep, about fifty ot which were'Killed, and all tho rent wounded. A ear loaded with cattle I lodged sorceway on a brldgu that crosses l William street, and It was (hared that It would fall through before the cauls could bo removed, but ll did not. Workmen worn ensssed there all night, and cleared tbo track ao that tbo early morning train could dei urt us usual. Something so unusual here created quite an excitement. THE ATLANTIC iACHT RACE. Dcunaoftbe Disaster to the Crew of the Fleetwlec-How It Happened—lnier eetlns Summary of the User. (Cowes ( of the New I was anxious properly to understand the circumstances of the terrible casualty which, on the 19th, In mld-ocean, deprived her of two sub-officers and four seamen. Of course these accidents occur to the largest vessels, and we may yet learn that the same dread ful storm deposited many a store of gallant lives in the ocean caves. A more expe rienced and Intelligent officer than Captain Thomas it would have been difficult to Gnd, and to hts great experience and Intelligence the owners are indebted that the Fleetwing was not strewed about in spars on the 19th of December, considering her frailty and the terrible nature of the storm. Still, I most say something more about this cockpit. 1 believe that several experienced mariners is Kcw Tort looked upon the open box in the stem of the vessel os her.ark of safety. Snch, however, was not Captain Thomas' opinion; he had again and again urged the i owners to have U tilled nphefore he had con seated to take charge of the vessel. After he had done so there was no time for the al teration. The Henrietta and the Vesta own their good fortune to the fact that they could batter down everything, and that the heavy seas might roll ou os quickly as they rolled on, but this basin in the stern of the Fleet-wing held tuna of water. The men on watcn.who had got into Itfor safety,went oot with the waves into the ocean when she rode the next sea, and were-probably half a mile from the yacht before the loss was known. Ten minutes before, the Captain himself was lu the cockpit. Bis loss would have been the certain loss of vessel and all, so that there is great cause for thankfulness that i' was no worse. The cockpit in so small r vessel is a terrible blander, and licert®’**’ l was not proved in I harbor of refuge. I i that the terrible ac over Captain Thor SffiP-HI HE SICK. duty nt ar mx hours that som cncd; * cored ISTEU.IGESTTESmiO.vr IS AS IUPOETAST IN MEDICINE in law. The sreat Patrick Henry •aid that the lump by which htaftet wen? Raided «u Ibe “lampof experience.*' The etatoiaUa 01 meacf character and etacdlmr lo relation to the proiwrlit* ,; c \ ol a medicinal preparation which they Dtceuffl™*** bare tried, and the operation of which December!** bad abundant opportnaltjr cf witnwmnc In December IS ol ea>«s. ate atwoiutclT cnscitaWe. Decent bet P» *^ ,, e public, who rerynatu* nnrnmturU' ’* * * *sS x ' mm 7 »" any other that i52!25.w i 5 m “ P ro P«ctary Decent b* r3l 103 laffTTEHS daring December 22 -.WS *J32 MUiraUro DicctnbcrSS IDS SIS December-1....... ......ITM HM KV» December « H« ttW SW Total miles 3.WW 9.T07 VR| A'traro \>er day 'fW 211 ‘Jin Ily the above It will be seen Unit tin* urcat cat distance run by the Henrietta In twenty l«tr hour* was two miles nml the least I.»J miles, which was on the UUh, the day she was compelled to lay to tun hours in n storm. The FlcvlwUus accomplished -’TO mile* moms day. which was her greatest run. while the shortest dlsiioice she accomplished lot wcuty four hours was Utft miles. The greatest dls tame rmi hv the VeMif In one day wns “TT miles, m.d the least KW miles. A 13 AY LOTUAUIO. A Itnllroml F.uslncerTVhhPuiirWlveii. (From the bl. Lonu (Mo.) Democrat, Jan. It.) Edward True was a guy and festive engineer on the Kirkwood accommodation train. lie possessed that free and open manner, which, united with youth, good looks and a surplus of spending money, never fulls to win the hearts of a certain class ofyoung ladles. The cood looking young engineer put np at the Kirkwood Hotel, where he soon be came acquainted with Emma Sun, the pretty chambermaid at the establishment. Emma was about eighteen years of age. spruce In herdress and fond of admiration. It was nottlong before True was Sun-struck, and In uu equally short time tho Sunilower turned to him n« the cod of her Idolatry. The result of this billing aud cooing was a wedding ; the ceremony was 'performed by Kev. Mr. Mitchell, of the Presbyterian Church, and fur two weeks tho honeymoon was nndimmed by a cloud. True brought ids bride to St. Louis, and sent herto a board* ing house on Seventh street, near the Pacific depot, and visited her regularly when he came to this city. Abont two weeks ago the Inconstant engi neer married a Miss McLaughlin, living within a mile of Kirkwood—un innocent, un sophisticated girl of fifteen, living with her parents, who are people of respectability and worth. On the wedding day, Denis McLaughlin, the brother of the bride, a steward on the river, returned home from a visit to Odin, Illinois. He had received Information that True had married ut Kirkwood; but the bridegroom told blm that It was only a sham maniagc. The knot bad been tied by Mr. Mills, of Webster Grove, and could be untied In a day; and the brother be should have nothing to do with his sister until the mutter was cleared up. True aud McLaughlin occupied' the same room on the night of the wedding, leaving the young bride “weeping, sad aud lonely “in ih« bridal chamber. Kiowing his own guilt. True made an ar rangement with the bride to meet him at the station the following day, aud fly with him on the wings of love to some sunny spot, where hard-hearted brothers come col, and parents are unknown. McLaughlin and True both came to St. Louis tbe next day, and, as tbe former was getting on the train at Fourteenth street, he saw True, who, on getting sight of him, jumped oif, and in this way tee contemplated elopement was frus trated. McLaughlin had sworn to kill True if It turned out that he had wronged his sis ter by marrying her while he had another wl r e, and for this reason the fast engineer was anxious to avoid the brother of his , victim. It was ascertained, beyond doubt, tbat Time was a bigamist, and several days.ago Emma appeared before Justice Cunningham, before whom a complaint was filed, and the officers were sent to arrest True, who failed to find him. It is said that True had married a young lady In St. Louis some eighteen months ago, and that, previous to that time, he had mar ried a girl In Illinois. _ The Story ot the Fourth of tlarch,lSG5 — U here Jobnwn Got Hl* Brandy. Washington Correspondence of the Boston Cora- momrealtb.! The scene on March, 4,18<j5, when Andrew Johnson disgraced himself, and almost de fraded the high office he was elected to fill, have heard related, without restraint, by a gentleman to whom Vice President Hamlin told It. It runs thus: Mr. Hamlin was la the room known as the Vice-President’s, about ll o’clock, when the Vice-President elect arrived. There was nothing unusual in his appearance, except that he did not seem In robust health. The usual courtesies being exchanged, conversa tion proceeded on ordinary topics for a few minutes, when Mr. Johnson asked Mr. Hamlin if he had any liquor in the room, stating that he was sick and nervous. He was told there was none, but it could he sent lor. Brandy being indicated, a bottle was brought out by oue of tho pages. It waa opened, a tumbler provided, and Mr. John son poured it about two-thirds full. Mr. Hamlin said, in telling It, that If Mr. John son ordinarily took such drinks os that, he must be able to stand a great deal. After a few minutes tbc bottle was placed In one of the book-cases, out ol sight. * When near twelve o’clock, the serjeant at-arms, Mr. Brown, came to the door, and suggested that tho gentlemen get ready to enter the chamber. Mr. Hamlin rose, moved to tho door near which tbc sergcanl-at arms stood, and suggested to Mr. Johnson to coroo also. The latter got up and walked nearly to the door, when, turning to Mr. Hamlin, howid, “Excuso me a moment,” and walked bpek hastily to where the bottle was deposited*.- Mr. Ham lin saw him toke It out, pour os largo » quantity as before Into the glass, and drink it down like water. They then went Into tbc Senate chamber. . , .. IVhnt followed will not soon bo forgotten. Tbc foregoing I believe to be a correct ver sion of “bow Andy got his brandy. Horrible Crime—4 Woman Outraged nuil JTinrtlrrcd. [From the New Albany (lad.) Ud»«r, •Tmi. 10. J 1 About half ft mile from Clear Spring, ft email village In Jackson County, there re elded, quite alone, a woman named Maria Culler, at limes deemed partially Insane. On Saturday night, December 20th, Mrs. Cutter visited Clear Spring. where she roado aomc elfcht purchases, and returned to her liomc. This was the lost time she was seen alive. On the morning of January Ist, ft ccnllcman upon whose farm her noose stood, colled at her residence. U was surprised to find the door buttered down, and other evi dences of lawlessness around the building. Upon entering the house ho was shocked, at the eight presented to his view. .pP o #* ll ® bed lay Mrs. Cutler, stiff In death-. Upon her tnroat were plainly discoverable tho finger-marks of her murderers. Rowing that they had choked their victim to death. Upon berwtlaW, also, were tho cord or small rope, showing that the villains had tightly bound her arras at the wrist'*, la order, doubtless, to render her struggles lesft effective. There were ovldencJS, also, that her person had been most barbarously out raged. and rlso that the murderers Dad idled the bedclothes on her face and bold then there, In order to make sure of their hellub of this horrid crime, after they bad made sure ol the death of tholr helpless victim, took from the house about seventeen hundred dollars In specie and poncr money, and a lot of silver spoons and Stew other small articles of sliver ware, and »Uh their booty decamped. The tracts of two men. In their stocking ftet, wore seen In the snow, approaching and leaving the bouse; but no other marks were left by which they could bo Identified. Tho greatest excitement prevails In tho neighborhood. It Is believed the murderers are two young men who had been lounging about the neighborhood for a week or two, but who have not been seen since the mur der. (0 %

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