Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 17, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 17, 1867 Page 2
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Cljicago tribune. DAILY, Tltl-WEEKI.Y AND WEEKLY. OFI-ICK, Ko.Al (U.AKK4T. Tlicrs are thrw srtltinn* cr the Tmaosi inuM. lit, -trery morning, nH-nmUiit'oii by earner?, upwsmso Si«i the IJ. UipTci-Wiuj.t, Mondays, Wed. nesdays and Fridays, far tbs malls oalvt and -tbs Wnaatr, no thnndsys, bn the nubs and sale at our pounlrr and by bcvimco. Tertna oftbe f'lilcnoo Tribune t Pall) dcllrvtd In tbs rliy «*et week) $ Psllf, lo tn»\l htitiwrUxT* (pc? an? !«'*» Iti advance). i*| nn W J.eeaiy.fpff ant uti. payable in advance) it.l)o w «rkly, (pvr annum, nay ah » la adv anm>)..... «ioo IF* rr«nion*i part* of m year at tbo same ralos. IF* ivmms rcmiltia* and CrUortha live or mom coplca of rlilirr tba Tri-Weekly or Weekly sllllont may rdatß tea per rentof tbosabpcnplion prtcoas a cointulwion. hone* to nMerin* tbs aider** ot your papers chaaarU, la prevent Onlay, bs sura and spwlty aim Million you taks-Weekly. Tri-Weekly, crDally. Also. ulvryourriuuKSTamlftunreaddreai, IK* Mono/, by Draft, ItxproH. Mosey oM*r«, or Id UectiterodUUnni, may I*sentaiour ttak. Addran, TUIIIDSKOOm ÜblcARO, 111, TUESDAY, JANUARY 17. 1807. (ONC.ItISKS AND THE NUPItCDIR COMItT, The Constitution has Tested Congress with almost plenary power over the Courts of the United States. Art. 111. see. I. dcelnres that “the judicial power of the United States “ shall be vested lei one Supreme Court, and “ In such Inferior Courts as the Congress may “from time to time ordain and establish, 44 The Judges, both of the Supreme and In “ forlorCourts, shall hold their office doting “gootybehavlor, and shall, at stated times', “ receive for their services, a compensation “which shall not be diminished during their “continuance in office.” It will bo seen that the only limitations to the power of Congress, contained in this section, are, that it thall establish one Supreme Court and one only; that all other tribunals shall be in ferior to It; that the Judges shall hold office during good behavior, and shall not have their salaries diminished during ihclr term of office. Everything else’- necessary to the organization of the Courts is left wholly to the discretion of Con gress. The first clause of the second section of Article ill. defines the cases In whle.h the United States tribunals .shall have Jurisdlc* lion, and the second clause of the same see* lion declares that “in all eases affecting am “bassadors, other public ministers and con “ suls, and thus* in which a State shall be a “ party, the Supreme Court shall have ori “ginal Jurisdiction. In ail other eases be -14 fore mentioned” (f. e., all other eases of which a United States court may take cog nizance) “the Supreme Court shall have ap pellate jurisdiction both as to law and fact. “ irith surJi crerjtthm anJ under such rrgula 44lions ns the Cougret* yJiall wake.” The only placed upon thepowcrofCongross to distribute the jurisdiction created by the Constitution, is, that the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction in the cjiscs of ambassadors, &c., and appeVate jurisdiction in other eases; but this appel late jurisdiction is, in so many words, made subject to any exception* or regulations that Congress may sec fit to make or establish. In other words, the eases in which the Su preme Court has original jurisdiction arc enumerated by the Constitution, hut the apellate jurisdiction is altogether subject to the will ol Congress. It was said by the Supreme Court. In the ease of Uiironsseau vs. I cited Stales, 0 Crauch, 314, 44 the ap “ pcllutv powers of the Supreme Court are ,4 given by the Con-titutiou; but they arc ’* lihiiu <i •n.ti romlntcd by the net* of Conyre:*." "Ami (United Slates vs. Curry, Ibid 113) ‘‘ thuyf be ertrehed in the mode therein pre* 4 ‘j nibrd.” Thus, It will be seen that the power ofCongrcss is without limit sofaras the appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court is concerned, and that tribunal ha« no other than appellate jurisdiction, except incases “affecting ambassadors, other public minis* “ters and consuls, and those in which a 44 Slate shall he a party.” Nearly all the business of the Supreme Court is tinker Us appellate jurisdiction—the cases in which it has exercised original jurisdiction are very few comparatively—and all the most Im portant casea in which the constitutionality •■I the acts of Congress have been called in question Lave been appeal cases. It Is nec essarily so, owing to the limited class of eases In which the Supreme Court Iras original jurisdiction; and that tribunal has itself decided, (.I farbury v*. 1 Crunch, 137,) that Congress lias no power to center original jurisdiction on the Supreme Court ** in other cases than those counter* 44 ated in the Constitution/’ It is thus made evident, by the almost unlimited power which the Constitution gives Con gress over tire organization and jurisdiction ol this tribunal; that the fathers of the Republic had no intention of permit ting it io become a political power to thwart the will of the people. They had no idea of making the political power or policy of the Government subordinate to the Court, and only protected its jurisdiction from legisla tion of Congress iu certain enumerated eases. As Mr. Lincoln said: 44 The candid citizen 4 ‘ must confess that if the policy of the Gov “ eminent upon vital questions affecting the 44 whole people, is to be irrevocably fixed “by decisions of the Supreme Court, the in -4* slant they are made in ordinary litigation 44 between rarlics in personal actions, the ‘‘people Kill hare ceased to be their okh f u7cr>, 44 having, to that extent, praciically re -14 signed their Government into the bauds of “thateminent tribunal.” It having keen made apparent by two re cent decisions, that it is the deliberate pur pose of the Supreme Court to thus usurp the legislative powers of the Government, to defeat the will of the loyal men of this na tron In the interests of a rebellion crushed by military power, the question arises, what remedy Congress has within the limits of the Constitution io protect the country from its mitclrievouF designs—designs which, if car ried out, will either prove fatal to liberty and the Union, or plunge the country Into another civil war. Wo believe the remedy is simple. The power ofCongrcss to fix the number of Judges that shall constitute a quorum iu all eases or anv given class of eases is unquestionable. The first Congress fixed it at four. At present it is live. We believe a law should be passed immediately, requiring Hie prescucc ofeiyht Judges to constitute a quorum, whenever the constitutionality of any act of Congress is culled in question. It Is equally within the province of Congress to say what num ber of voices shall be required in order to set aside any actofCongressns unconstitutional. At present a bare majority ol those present, (lime Judges if a bare quorum is present), may do this. We think lire time bos conn for Congress to pass a law requiring lire con currence of throe-fourths, oral least two thirds of the whole bench, to pronounce authoritatively against the coustUutiou nl:ty of any act of Congress. Both of these measures would be clearly w itbin the constitutional power of Congress; both ate clearly required by the menacing attitude of that tribunal, which seems to have joined hands with a cot nipt and treach erous Executive, to give victory to the re bellion. and to* re-Jostate the inhuman aud barbarous laws of slavery, which that rebel lion was inaugurated to uphold. Unless a remedy is spoiled, the slate of things pic tured by Mr. Lincoln in the extract above given, will be realized, and the people of this country will cease to be their own rulers— the legislative functions of Congress will be Usurped by the Supreme Court,’and tire re bellion will become us victorious us though Grant aud Sherman bad surrendered to Lee ami Johuston, and Jeff. Davis himself were in power at the Capitol. fr»R. lsttbr. Hev. Henry Ward Beecher has written a letter to Governor Brownlow, of Tennessee, on the subject of negro suffrage, which al though it contains m> allusion toibecclc brated Cleveland epistle, may yet be regarded as a full ned complete retraction of the sen timents expressed in that document. He now urges the “thorough and permanent “enfranchisement ol the negro,” not only as a matter of poitlcal safety, which be be lieves it to be In the ease of Tennessee, but also on the higher grounds of justice. Suf frage fur the whole people he declares to be a naturolrigbt, and says that, should Ten nesscc work out Ibis great truth and duty of universal suffrage, he will “regard it as the “ turn of the night. The day-star will have “ arisen, and light will grow stronger * l and darkness weaker every moment “ thereafter.” These enlightened views arc strongly In contrast with those cxprc»cd in 31r. Beecher’s Cleveland letter. There Is nothing here of the forty years’ sojourn la the wilderness, which he then insisted was as necessary to the black race as it was to the children of Israel, when they marched from the bondage of Egypt; cothlogofthosclllsh,cold-hearted as sertion that tiic negro mast take his march ; nothing of the false philanthropy which then proposed to elevate traitors lb power, under the gnlsc of Christian forbearance and forgiveness. On the contrary, Mr, Beecher would nowat once confer on the freedman the highest prerogative of cUUcushln j he would not leave him helpless to take his chances with his former oppressors, bat would place in his hand the ballot, (he most formidable weapon of a freeman in times of peace. “If some fear .that such a mcas-" ** urc will kill them,” he says, “ 5.0 1 am sure the want of It will kill them. To die /or a ** principle is to make rare a resurrection ; while 11 political death without, and even against a “principle, is death perpetual and resurrection • “feu.” In looking bjek to the sudden and dangerous fall experienced by Mr. Beecher, When "he wrote his Cleveland letter, one can toot well resist the conclusion that, when be rennod the MUloiico wo h&To placed In inlln, Uo fell a keen npproolnllon if Ike Kirnl Uutli lUordn oxpreosoil. In lill mid. tlcuTlutißO from the height of |,ro.|lerlly, lunm-uee and nooftiluoie, to a lUnlUnn In which tho khulcol sentiment of hl> liirraer ft lends and ndmlrora wni that of pity, ho donlitlQM realized. tlvldljr the dilTercaco of «n unpopularity brought upon hlonqir by on nboudonraoul of tho coubo of froedum ami Justice, and that unpopularity which, In his Younger days, was really his crown of glory and .honor, since It was tho hatred of the oppressor for (he advocate and champion of the oppressed. ! Mr. Beecher's letter on ‘sunVngo will In some measure restore to him the public con lUlencc; yet In one respect ha has expo* rlrnccd the death “ perpetual and rosnrrec tlouloss” of which ho writes. HU opinions will never again carry with them tho weight that once belonged to them. Ilcneolbrth ho must submit to bo doubted oven by those who most regret to doubt him. Ills Blends will never Billy recover from the shock limy received In rending Unit Cleveland letter; his enemies will never abandon tho advan tage It gave them. It was one of (hose false rlepswhleh n monrau never retrace, with out leaving behind some conspicuous prints of his erratic footsteps. Negro iulfrago will probably bo adopted In Teniioi we, but this great triumph ofjiutlco willinvo little to Mr. Beecher's letter. It will bo a part of the result wrought out on tho battle field. Under Providence it has become ne cessary" for tho loyal men of Tennessee to adopt It as a measure of self preservation. Without U they will ho over powered by tho rebels, and the sceptre will be wrested from their hands. IMPARTIAL SUFFRAGE IN IULI- NOIS, Quite a number of petitions have been al ready presented to the Legislature, aud others arc dolly coming in, asking that the Legislature of the State of Illinois propose to the people an amendment to the Con stitution striking therefrom all discrimina tions ngoinst color and race in the matter of political privileges. If such petitions conld he submitted for signature to every voter in the Stale, we have no doubt they would be signed by two-lblrds of all the electors capable of writing their names. In this city a largo number of Democrats, Including many of the hitherto ex tremist!l, have signed the memorials. We do not suppose that there will be any such opposition In the Legislature to the measure upon its merits, as could defeat the proposition, but there may be a constitu tional difficulty. It Is given out, with high judicial sanction, that the Legislature upon ult points connected with an amendment of the Constitution, are limited by the letter of that instrument, and for them to propose to amend tbc Constitution ut any other time or mode than that suggested by the Constitu tion would be "revolutionary.” The twelfth article of the State Constitution relating to amendments proposed by the Legislature, provides that sucli amendments shall he voted for by two-thlrds of the members of each branch of the Legislature ; and by u majority of tbc members of each branch ol the succeeding Legislature, and two years later by a majority of the people. This. In itself is a pretty long process, but the article Anther provides that the Legislature shall not i roposc an amendment to more thau one aiticieat one session. The Constitution of Illinois contains pro visions discriminating between the races as follows; Article'S, section 8, confines representation in the General Assembly to the white Inhabi tants. Article 0, section 1, confines the right of suffrage to the while male adult citizens. Article 8, section 1, excludes negroes and mulaltoeslrom the militia. Article 0, section 1, exempts negroes from the liability to a poll-tax. Article H requires the General Assembly to pass laws prohibiting negroes immigrating to and settling In the State. Here ore five separate articles, each con tnlning a discrimination because of color and race, against the political equality of the colored people. Supposing that two-thirds of the present Legislature proposed an amendment to one of these articles, and Iwo-tbirds of each succeeding Legislature will do the same, and each subsequent Legislature shall approve the action of its predecessor, it will he some time in IbIS or IbSO that we shall see the lost of the restrictions removed from the Constilutiou. Under these circumstances, we suggest that there is a shorter and better mode, und that is by a State Convention that will give us a new Constitution divested of these objectionable discriminations, and will give it to us speedily and ull ut once. Propositions for a Convention me before the Legislature ut present, and there is rea sonable hope that that body wiSlnoladjourn without providing for tbc much needed and anxiously desired means of emancipating the Slate from the thraldom in which it is held by a Constitution of the lust generation. The iHditions which arc i caching the Legis lature, proving an amendment to the Con stitution, arc urged with commendable zeal by Mr. John Jones, a most worthy colored man, a citizen and taxpayer of Chicago. These petitions, though asking the Legisla ture to propose an amendment to the Con olilut'on, arc substantially appeals for a Con stitutional Convention, and as such wo hope the Legislature will regard them. The parts t f the Constitution to which they refer arc unquestionably opposed to the Spirit of the age, and should be obliterated, and tbc Legis lature should take the occasion to give the l eonle the earliest possible opportunity not only to amend the Constitution in these par ticulars, but in a variety of others that arc also oppressive upon tno people of the Statu generally. T!IP HKALTIi BILL, We tnifl the controversy between the friends of the Health Bill and the Common Council will not prevent the passage or soma measure on that subject. Tuo Common Council have incorporated iu theV amend ments to the City Charter a provision lor a Beard of Health adapted toordinary seasons, and also to the emergencies of a pestilence. The Citizens* Health Bill is also thorough and complete. The most essential features of each bill arc embraced in the other. In fact, the objections urged by the Committee of the Council to the Citizens’ Bill on the score of extraordinary and dangerous powers and unlimited expense,apply equally to their own bill, and really do not constitute a valid objection, for if pestilence is to be combat ted at all it must be combatted with powers arid incurs commensurate with its violence. The fundamental point of difference between the two hills consists in the constitution ol the Board of Commissioners. The citizens’ bill provides for the appointment of five Cormr i?sioner.«, who shall have all the powers of the Health'Beard, independently of the Police. Board; the hill of the Common Coun cil provides for tire appointment of three Commissioners to act in eases of emergency with the Board of Police. The citizens* hill elves the Health Commissioners power to employ the police in executing their author ity ; the Council bill provides for the em ployment of the police, through the mem bers of the Police Board, acting as part of the general Board of Health. The general object of both bills is the same. There Is notan Intelligent person In the city but expects and d* sires some such bill to be passed. The Legislature will pass any bill upon which there is a united sen liment. To go before the Legislature and attempt to enlist members for and against rival hills is to subject both to the dancer of being lost. There Is too much at slake In this matter to permit such a calamity. Should the Legislature adjourn without having given us an effective health law, then the cholera, should It visit Chi engo next year, would find ns unprovided vith any effective machinery to stay its rav ages. No one wishes such a result; on the contrary, the rivalry Is between two propo rtions, the ft tends of each claiming it to be better calculated than the other to secure the great end. If the fundamental "point of difference, width we have recited, were out of the way, (and we do not see why it may not be re moved), there would be no difficulty In sc curing all needful legislation. Assuming that there is no pride of opinion In the Coun cil which would prevent them from accept ing good suggestions from any source, and on the other hand that there is no attempt being made to create a batch of offices for individuals to fill, we cannot see any reason why the friends of the two proposed mcas- MM w,llc the sood fcaturca of both In one bill, or rather wby the Council should not supplement their own measure with the valuable portions of the citizens' bill which has .been prepared with more care and attention to de tails than any other similar measure we have seen. As to the constitution of the Board of Health, the Council are the official and responsible representatives of the city, and if they Insist upon their own proposl tion for three Commlscloncrs to act with the Police Board In limes of emergency, the Legislature will undoubtedly follow their recommendation. A third bill has been introduced in tho Legislature, by Senator Ward, which dif fers materially from either of the hills yrhlch we have been considering. We trust the Legislature will piss no measure which shall not have been previously ex amined and discussed by the people of Chicago, whose interests arc to he affected and whose money is to pay the bills created by it. pT The four members of the Cook Coun ty delegation in the Legislature who virtual ly violated their Instructions in tho Senato rial election were Senator Ward and Repre sentatives Stevenson, Reynolds, and Singer. Prior toUtbo assembling of the caucus an agreement had been made that if the motion to UKo the role by secret ballot should pre vail, Scooter Trumbull'* name should bo withdrawn, and If the viva wes system should ho adopted, Genera! Palmer's name should bo withdrawn, lienee, a vole lor the secret hallol was a vole against Judge Trum bull. Messrs. Ward, Stevenson, Reynolds, and Singer voted lor the<accrot ba'lot, thus proving that they could not be bound by lliclr Instructions, or by the Implied pledges under which they were • nominated and elected. Tho members who obeyed their Instruc tions, nml carried out lliclr pledges In good fhllh, were Representatives Shepard, Leavitt, Bond, nrd Taylor. Senator Kastman, although not technically instructed, having Icon elected two years ago, construed the action of tho Convention last fall as a virtual Instruction<io‘ himself,'and) voted accord ingly. w. . ... - Title WOOL UICOtVICIKfi. A hnndAil of wool grown* held o mooting nt Hprlngllold n few days ago and passud a number ■of resolutions., They also took a band in (bo election of a United Slates don ntor, but It Is not known that they succeeded In changing a single vole in tbo Legislature. Although tho report of Commissioner Wells bad been bnßiro (bom (or some time, they did not umlertoko to answer one of blu aigu- JiienlH, but contented tbemsolvcs with re. solving to vote for no man fur any olllco who was not In favor of passing a law compelling tbo public to buy tbolr wool ut their prices, regardless of the consequences to all other public and private interests. Commissioner Wells shows Id hla report llmt for over/cent of additional duty on ft pound of wool, the woollen manufacturers require four cents .per pound additional duty on woollen goods. At all events that is the scheme which these two Interests have agreed upon, and which they are now pushing in Congress. In other words, the people arc called upon to pay four dollars to put one dollar Into the pockets of the wool* growers. It takes three dollars to transport one dollar, by act of Congress, from the rightful ownerto the man who owns sheep. By. appropriating the one dollar direct from the Treasury to the wool-grower, Instead of raising the tariff on wool os proposed, it is clear that three dollars would be saved to the consumer. The proposed Increase In tho cost of wool len goods, which has been agreed upon to make tbc manufacturers good for the in creased cost of tholr raw material, prlve the small wool-grower of any benefit from the Increased tariff on wool. If, indeed, it does not foot up an aggregate loss to him at tbc end of the year. It Is exceedingly questionable whether tho Increased tariff will raise tho price of domestic wool at all. The experience, both of this country and of foreign .nations, has shown that high duties on wool Lave generally reduced the price of the domestic article. Nevertheless, the in creased tariff on woollen manufactures will raise the prices of the goods, uud the wool-growers, as well as the other consumers, must pay these Increased prices. Not only so, but all the other interests iu the country susceptible of being helped or hurt by tariff legislation insist that they shall not be put on a worse footing tbun tbc wool grower, and- they must have the tariff raised on theirartlclcs— salt, coal, leather, iron, copper, lead, lumber, linen, glass, hardware, earthenware, cut lery, etc. These increased prices the wool grower roust pay os well ns others. It Is safe to tay say that none but the very large wool growers will receive any benefit from the proposed increase of the tariff, oven if It should have the effect which they anticipate and detdre. Ti > liusl that there is wisdom and firm n. .-s t i.ough in the Seualc to defeat a in. e-tiro rthich Is so destitute of either moral or tcviumical features. A. J. ANli F. J. The report that Senator Cowan of Pennsyl vania has been nominated as Minister to Austria, will he received by the country with unusual satisfaction. Under the circum stances, it is a nomination most fit to be mode. A President who is loaded down with the indignation of his countrymen; whose policy has been repudiated by over whelming majorities, and who is actually menaced with impeachment and removal from ofllec, sends a man, who bus been not less cmplmtlcary condemned by bis constitu ents, to reprcscut his Administration at the court of a monarch who is loathed und cxc crated by his subjects, and whose throne loiters on the verge of revolution. Mr. Johnson is very fond of comparing his state to that of royalty, aud between his position and that of Fronds Joseph there are really many points of resemblance. Cowan is just the man to appreciate these points, and to condole with the Emperor In the confldcn tint Interviews that may be accorded to him. If Ins Majesty becomes sad at tbc thoughts of his defeat and humili ation by Napoleon at Solferino, Cowan can tell him how his muster met with a similar disaster in October; If he grieves at the ter rible castigation Prussia gave bun at Sadowa, Cowan can picture to him the not less deci sive overthrow of A. J. and his Bread-and- Bulter cohorts in November. If be is in censed at tbc want of enthusiasm when ho presents his sacred person to the multitude, Cowan can give him a pathetic account of the great swing around the circle. If he Is perturbed at the mutinous disposition of the legislative bodies of Jus Empire, Cowan can tell him all about the “lump” Congress that is banging on the verge of the Govern ment—a duty for which he is duly qualified, having himself just been dismissed from that body by the ungrateful people of Pennsylva nta. In fact, nearly everything that F. J. finds unpleasant and hateful In lus relations with his subjects, finds some paiallcl In the rcla ;ions of A. J. with his countrymen. Cowan is the man, above all others except Doolittle, to console misery with kindred jjy all meet s let A. J. send C«'*, ran DtC ' Mr. Mnginnis, concerning whose local hah lotion anil name the New lork Tribute ■is so facetiously inquisitive, is a citizen of Chicago, and p gnnticmati. 110 is a banker liy pl-bfessmn. awl we infer, from the fret that Andrew Johnson has appointed him Minister to Stockholm, that ho Is a Demo crat in politics, lie is probably as fit for the position to which he has been nominated as the average of our Outers Resident at ihc secondary Courts of Europe during the Past quarter of u century, and rather filter than the average of Andrew Johnson’s ap pointees. PEKSOKAL. Pr. Bernard Bcnet, a nephew of the Austrian Envoi. Von Pcnrl, is a resident of New Albany, in'.iara. Ik- rcrvtd dmlnc the '••nr as surgeon. The latent light of nrighara Young's harem U a '!a;:a Kol.-om, which Brigham caresses in pub lic with Fokom frequency. •Jr«. Auric Wood, known on the s*age ns Miss Annie Waite, has cot out of the Wooes by a de ciec of divorce from David W., her late hn«band. A. Dom'd committe l suicide In New Orleans because he “had hut little Interest in the life mound him/* That Bonnet was out of fashion. tlubhua Converge, of Woburn, Mufeachawtta, will be one hundred years oW on the Sflita instant. Ibe citizens arc going to give him a dinner, and promise another one to him when bis bicenten nial rolls aronid. Earl Bussell's son. Lord Francis Ruseefi, who was lately fired for i!l-u«h-c Ins horses, has Jnst been hi ought to tnebar at Maidenhead for pouch ing h:a coachman's head. This lime, however, his lotdshlp was acqnllti d. Mrs. Burdell-Cunnlngham lives in a smalt Mex ican town ol Loreito, bower California, on the western shore of the Gulf, ahont one hundred miles north of Cape SI. Lucas. She had been emmerd there in the masculine doty of supervis ing the orciattons of a silver mine purchased by ben-elf. In the discharge of ibis doty she has dis played remarkable energy and capacity for busi ness. travi Illcg often to Guavmas, Magadan and San Francisco to purchase supplies, superintend- Inn their shipment, and at Loretto directing Iho labots of large gangs of Mexicans, disbursing funds, supervising the beneflclailng of ores and shipping the product. She was In New York City a lew months since with her daughter, both pass ing under the name ofilaycs. Miss Helm Fsuclt. who played the original Pauline to Macrcady’s Claude Mclnottc, when *“Jbe Lady of Lyons” was first brought out In louden, has lately repeated the part In a reap pearance In the Drury Lane Theatre. Ex-Governor Itham G. Baris, ofTcnncssce, has been living some time in Mexico, lie Is about leaving, with the Intention of entering into mer cantile business in Liverpool. Colchester, the median, though not medium sized, claims be can crawl through a key hole. Be got on the wrong side of ore, however, ta the St Louis calaboose, and waa not able ’o Insinuate Mmte If Into freedom. 1h rill leg Eloquence. The lion. Lewis Borkcr, Speaker of the Legislature of Maine, delivered a thrilling speech upon his Inauguration. We give a lew specimens: Treason had laired itself In the While House, and standing behind its battlements savagely at bay, was Haunting its banners upon the outward wall. From beneath a glittering crown that girt a throbbing brow, the hot look of a sleepless eye was fixed upon the forests of Maine. Right then it was our noble Union army, some 70,000 strong, came marching out from among her piucs with their elbows touching, and each bearing in front Ms covering bough from Birn utn wood; they moved on Duslnanc, palsying with dread the sccplcrcd baud of the shud dering Thane ol Cawdor. Here is an earth-shaking sentence about the Philadelphia Convention: The weird vizards that had bubbled into being, trilled their glees, and trioping their dances, and muttering their incantations, and .paltering with the senses at the Phila delphia cauldron scene, had vanished into air, leaving their spectre word of promise to the car to he moat fearfully broken to the (sinborn) hope. ■ The following Insinuation about the Presi dent Is something wonderful: That nomination was the mistake of the century. A brutal barbarism would hare bribed no bravo to imbrue his bands in blood to make Hannibal Hamlin President. Had ho held the succession there would have been one more or one less assassination to dsrkon tho annals of crime. The stem . logic of events Indicates there would have been one less. THE PACIFIC COAST. Authentic Advices of tho Situa tion in Mexico, Increasing Strength of the Lib- erais. Tho Occupation of Mazatlan—- Shipment of War Munitions from Son Francisco. Flattering Prospoeta for tho Ro public. Proponed Cession of Moxlcnu Terri tory to (ho United States. 0U» BAM EBAHOIBOO LETTER, Mexican Amura-lncrcaslna Nlronsili of Hie Liberal*—Tho Occupation of (Tla zatlun-Mlilpnicnt of (rauimr? Ntorea from Son Pranclaco-Offlctal Uullctln of Dio Present Situation—Tlio Propo sition to Oedfe a Pari of Mexican Ter ritory to tbo Pulled States. (Special Correspondence of the Chicago Trtbuno.] Sait Fuamcisco. Cal., December n. For the past month tho leading topic of conversation in San Francisco has been tho condition of • MEXICAN AFFAIRS. I refer, of course, particularly to events on the Western coast. When I last wrote you Sonora had been freed from Imperialism by one desperate effort of the Liberals, who struck blow after blow with a vindictive energy which overwhelmed their opponents and closed the farce of the Empire, so far as that part ofthc country was concerned, with a bloody tragedy which will long bo remem bered by imported despots. Corona was then closely investing Mazallan, the main port of Sinaloa, and the lost point where the invaders kept njfoothold, under cover of the guns of their fleet. The long agony is over at last, and, niter two years of siege, Mazatlan yielded to his assaults at last, and on the 14th of last month, as the telegraph has already advised yon, Itamon Corona, the Chevalier Bayard of our day, rode into the city in truimph. The French commander, after sending out tho American Consul, Dr. Carmen, and officers of tho American steam er Suawancc, to intercede with Corona to be allowed to depart in peace, and In vain, was at length compelled, after two fights at the gates of the city, in which ho lost some of his best officers and numerous men, to write in person, asking the gallant young chief, 'in the name of humanity,” fur a ces sation of hostilities. Corona's reply was worthy of him. lie said: "I cannot con ceal my delight at the fact that you arc at last compelled to ask me, in the name of humanity, which you have so long cruelly outraged and disgraced by unprovoked mas sacres, rapine, pillage of defenceless vil lages, and every other horror namcablc, for a cessation of the hostilities which your na tion commenced by an unprovoked and in famous invasion ofmy country.” The French were no sooner on board their ships than Corona was in full possession of the town, and Sinaloa was free from the foot of the in* vader. But, ‘‘Stay, Jew, the law hath yet another hold on thee I” Though (he French ore oot of Mozatlan, they ore not yet out of the country, nor ore they likely to be. The troops expelled from Sonora and Slnola and the remnants of the Imperial forces lately cut to pieces in Oaxa ca, Mlchoacau, Colima, Tchauntcpcc and Guadalajara, were to rendezvous at San Bias, and march thence overland to the city of Mexico, but Corona, acting on the same prin ciple which led him to assault the French at Mazatlau, when he knew that they were en deavoring to get away from the town, pro poses to put a veto on that proceeding also, and, if they go that way, It must be over the bodies of himself and his men, or as prisoners of war. Even before he was In possession of Mazatlnn, ho had sent off a large force to Tepic, back of San Bias, to hold the French In check, and, as soon as the forces of Mar tinez, 1,100 strong. arrived from Sonora, bo sent them to Join tiic rest. To crown all the misfortunes of the French,Lozada, the bandit, commander of the native imperial forces ut Topic, who invaded Sinaloa last summer, and before he could effect a Junction with the French —who were routed in detail by Corona—was met, doubled up aod whipped in “no time” by the redoubtable hero, find ing that the French were really going, and that Imperialism was dead, hastened to make his peace with the Liberals, and with the men, arms and supplies gathered for him by the French, joined Corona. General Cas tigney is now at Sun Bias with his forces, but, having in mind, doubtless, the memor able retreat from Moscow, and not desiring to figure as the hero of a similar movement, is slay ing there, under the gnus of the licet. It is probable tnat he will be forced to re* embark and sail for France direct, as the Liberals arc in heavy force in the mountains, und Corona is determined to make every pass und defiic a new Thermopylae. THE SINEWS OF WAR. Within the past sixty days the Liberals in San Francisco have been unusually success ful In their efforts to aid their friends in the Held. A few days since we received notice ol the successful landing of the cargo ©farms and ammunition shipped by the A. J. West* ern fur General Diego Alvarez, near Acapul co ; and by the Couotltulion, day bclore yes terday, came the barn cash for*the cargo iff the Sovereign, including 3,000 Spr-jj.-iicld muskets, and abundance of powder lead and oilier materials for an icflvc campaign’, 'ibis cargo wasloarVcd within sight-of Aca pulco, and, best, joj all, Uiejdollars paU for them by Alvarez were actually smuggled in to Acuputcb, passed through the French : custom House, and out under the guns of the French licet In the harbor, without a suspicion finding its way into the stupid heads of the authorities of what was going on under their very noses. THE PRESENT SITUATION. Senor Don Jose A. Godov, the Movie**- Cciiful ut San Fr.uici.~co, luis comuv to Governor Low, of this St-* u'c'prwc"'"’ 1 ’ I,"? “ cotl| lition or affiiira in Mexico: V^ Ecr "HE REruEuc OP Alesico, i Jsan f ILO.CISC9, December l?? t ISGG. f lafert 52wJw£S ?0 t i° ColniDn nlcaie to you the J* are roCchvd from the He- Mimic ot Mexico, which Spain proves that the limpiic which Napoleon proposed to establish there isan exotic plant which has not tahen root in live years of French Invasion, and that the com* plctc triumph or the: ational aims will soon crown ih** velorol the detenders or independence and liberty, iho Constitution proclaimed In February, 111)7, acd (he legitimate Government be rc-cstab- IMied throughout the connin'. The forces' under the command of General Co re nu having occupied Mazatian os the Kith nit., tin redoes not icmaln a single French soldier or trailer in the State i f Sinaloa. The same is the case in the States of Datango and Colima, the troops who sustain the legitimate authority having occupied their capitals. Tbc Government of Jttarcz is now recognized Ihiuucliont the States of Cliibnahua, Nuevo Leon, Coahnila, ramanlinus. Oaxaca. Gnenvro. Sonora, Smrioa, Duranco, Colima. Chiapas, Tabasco and the Territory of l.o'-.or California. In the other States the so-called Empire is hare* ly iccognired—by hen* and there a district—lt be ing so tedured, and relies f:r support on foreign soldier* to the narrow road between the capital and the port of Vera Cruz, and here, oven, they art* threatened, as the majority of said States have ahead? submitted to the constitutional Gov* cinmcnt. The petition at present maintained by the Re* public speaks in high terms for the Mexican peo ple, notwithstanding interested parties and sttb* journals in Europe, as well as In America, unfortunately, liave endeavored to make it appear that they were inclined# have a monarchy, wnlch an Immense mnjority detest, particularly when it comes imported from foreign parts, from which source Mexico win never tolc.atc dominion, let the uatiorality be what U may. As the Government o( President Juarez Is the only one rccogmzod Lydia* of the Great Repub lic, and for whose establishment Ihrougooat tie country it has manifested such lively interest, I have deemed It ezrudientto apprise you of Its real situation at too present time —a position which causes me to look forward to the complete downfall of the intervention, whose defendeta will be ignommtously driven tram the national terri tory. Please accept the assurances ol my esteem and distinguished consideration. (Hciicd,) Joss A. Godot. LET US BE MAGNANIMOUS. I see that the Eastern press, almost with out an exception, speak or an American pro tectorate over Mexico, large enough to en able the Republicans to have their private differences and restore quiet and peace to their bleeding and exhausted country, as a matter of course; but couple the proposition with the suggestion of a further cession of Mexican territory to the United States as an equivalent for such service rendered the cause of.liberty and humanity. I ask is this just? Is it generous? Is it in keeping with the dignity of a country like onrs? We* profess to love llhcrtj' and to be willing to Icud our struggling brethren a helping hand, but we must have a consideration 1 Mexico Is lying bleeding, exhausted. Her citizens have lavished blood and treasure to the lost in defence of the cause of free. Government and their national rights, and now is our time to do an act which will SO far to wipe out inany a sin of commission and oppression in our national history. Let the aid be given in the name of God and our common humanity. But in God’s name let us git* it, not sen it. England might, and doubtless would, drive a bard bargain with the necessities of the exhausted people, if she had the opportunity, but the United States and England arc different countries, thank Heaven. And for decency's sake, let us not soil our national honor and our na tional hands with such a transaction. We ore able to be gcncrons and act the friendly part. Let ns do It like men. AN EXAMPLE FOB US. When the news of the Anal overthrow of Impcria’Um in Sinaloa reached here last week, the Mexican residents of the city turn ed out at a late hoar of the night to sere nade tic Mexican Consul. Godoy. The band played a patriotic air in honor of the victo ries recently achieved by the Liberal forces, then one in honor of President Jnarez,one In honor of President Johnson and the Ameri can Government, and then the crowd stood with uncovered heads In the damp night air, while the band played a solemn dirge “ in honor of the memory of freedom’s martyr, Abraham Lincoln.” And it is to this peo ple, poor, Ignorant and degraded, as many of them doubtless are, that wo offer aid in their hour of sorest need, “for a consideration!” WHAT WK WANT. We want tho month of the Colorado River and should have it; wo paid for It roundly once, but fooled it away through the Ignor ance of our Boundary Commissioners, who ran tho Hue Ikr north of tho mouth of tho stream, leaving the commerce of the third ■great river of ike Continent to pass over (or clpn territory on Its wav to the sea. VTo slicmm *m at ones that this error 1* romc tiled and tlio lino ztrmlghtunpd. Tim torrilo. ry on llio eastern bank of the Colorado, now bolorplug to Mexico, 1. a sand divert utter ly woithlo* to her, and only valoablo to us because wo must tmusblp averytblmr from sail to steam craft nod I Hc« wr*it thoro. She would gladly rnllnqulsh 11 to us at any time But beyond Ibis wo want no more of ber territory. Give her tbc help abo needs, and help Juarez and bis successors to establish a norroancut Government; then wait forllino tp dolts work. Eventually the whole Con- Uncut will be peopled with a homogeneous, woo, educated, and enlightened people, and there will ho ono flag and one government (Vom the Arctic regions to the Isthmus of Darien, but that will bo tbo work of time nnd It will conic off In tbo natural course of events, after your day and mine has passed. At present wo have territory enough—more than wo seem to know how togorcni wall Just now—and Ictus bo content. tub oAsn or uu. oaumbk. I think our Administration cannot do bol ter than to look Into the condition or mat. ten at thu Consulate ftt MoxaMaii. Ur. Cur men in culled the American Consul at that port, hut ho holds a very anomalous ivm|. thm. Ho was ••Vico Consul" before tlm l-rciich occupation of tho port, and has novur rcculvrd an rxyuahr (rum Brcjldnnt Jusro/., thoiyjn" rrtmuUfd by Ji/aifmiliun'A iwi'ult. a toot In Itself aullh’lcnt to damn him In the estimation of our Government. Wo buvo over and over and over roluscd to reoogmzu Maximilian orlhn Emplru in any slmpo. but Ur. Carmen, while claiming to represent our (loycrnmcnt, recognized it on bis own hook, mid even went an tar as to bring suit as a private citizen, in an Imperial Court, against one Bowman, also an American. lie gained his suit, and levied on a stage coach and took the wheels to the Consulate to make a sure thing of It. Coruna’s llrst act on enter logMazatlan, was todenounecall actsofthls Court os Illegal and void, lie notified Dr. Caimcn to give up tho wheels, which ho re fused to do, and thereupon Corona sent an armed fore and carried them away from the Consulate. Dr. Carmen blustered about the violation of his rights as a Consul, snd Corona replied that ho was no Consul at nil and that It ho was, the floor of the Consulate could not cover poods seized under the de cree ol a Court which was utterly Illegal,and which un American Consul could not recog nize without violating the orders of his own Government. Dr. Carmen is personally odious to the Liberals, and it may well bo In mured whether he has not occupied a Ques tionable position long enough. OTHER MATTERS. I Intended, when I sat down this evening, to write about the China Moll Steam Line, the Japanese juniors and other matters of interest, but, like the man who ran a mile to get a pood start to pump a well, 1 tlnd I have exhausted my strength already, and must He down and take a sleep first. Altamonte. FROM BOSTOS. Personal, Political and Literary Gos- Tlic IffnMacliiisctta Legislature—Cnrl ouh Forms ol lln The Temperance Question—U’cndcll PJiilllps and tbo Hotels—Literary frvaitera—Tbc Freed men ? n ITionnment to Lincoln— 3llm llonxucr’s ITlodcla—A Little Criticism—municipal Innngnr. utiou—Tbo Candidates. (Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribtme.] Boston*, January 7. THE MASSACnt'SETTS LEGISLATURE. The New Year Is not celebrated here os in New York. Nobody makes a holiday of it, and, in fact, beyond poorly patronized extra performances at one or two of the theatres, and the publication of ponderous and highly unreadable “ Reviews of the Year” in some of the daily papers, there Is absolutely no visible observance of the day. But New Year’s week Is notable as the time of assem bly of the Legislature, or, as It Is official ly called,the “Great and General Court” of the Commonwealth. This Is one of the things In which Massachusetts has not adopted any puritanical simplicity, as In so many of her customs; on the contrary, it Is surrounded with every possible formality and pump, as If In emula tion ion small way of the habits of monar chical bodies. The process of organizing the Lcgblalurc Is very elaborate, and not to ho understood without several years of practice or observation: and as soon as thu two bodies are organized they form In procession, and are escorted by the militia company constituting “the Governor’s Body Guard”— while a section of artillery proclaims the eve nt to the world by tiring a salute on the Common—to the Old South Church, where a sermon Is preached to the assembled digni taries by a clergyman selected for the pur* pose by the lost Legislature, and rewarded with a fee of one hundred dollars. Then the members disperse to their boarding houses, and the cadets arc rewarded for their march in the snow by a dinner paid for by the State, and served, to the Intense disgust ol iho ultra-tempcrauco people, in the law-defying Parker House. The next day each branch elects a chaplain, and votes a sunply of newspapers; and the third is de voted to listening to the address of the Gov ernor, a very elaborate document commonly occupying three or four hours In delivery, and read to an audience not only of legisla tors but of distinguished guests, oldest in habitants, brilliantly arrayed militia officers, ladles of the upper ten, and so forth, ushered in ard arranged in the cramped space of the legislative chamber with great affectation of cci emony. And so the first week of the ses sion is over. It has been especially serene this year, not a single untoward incident disturbing any portion ol the pompons solemnity, ana not a single one of tuc cicctl *ns of minor officials at the State House being contested enough to cause the taking of a second ballot. The Governor’s address contained no attempt at rhetorical display, and was only notable as expressing the opinion that the granting of the suffrage wlihont an educational qualifl cation should be imdc a condition precedent in reconstruction; and the election sermon had not a single one of tbo sensational points with which the preacher’s prede cessors In the duly have ondeavoredto make themselves talked about. THE TEMPERANCE QUESTION. As usual about the time of the opening of the session of the Legislature, the quest ion of prohibitory or license laws is into prominence. Wendell Phillir* , has delivered an address dcnouneinc> Vuicr terms Sen- Audrew m s nffi , - OV * ™d CX-Govemor cnlerb- - utner prominent gentlemen, for H liquor-selling hotels, the city au -unities for not prosecuting the liquor deal ers. and the terapefauvC * ,ar ty themselves for not using with vigor the bower wmen their majority gives them. Thedaily papers are all publishing articles advocatin''- a license law in place of the present sumptuary statute. The minor dealers have attempted to get another writ against the leadin'* ho tels as nuisances, but the Judge applied to refused to Issue it. And the hotel keepers themselves have held a secret raeetin". at which it Is understood to have been seriously urged that tie true policy was to close up all the fii>t class hotels in Boston, by a concert ed movement, for turcc months, to force the Legislature by the clamor which would fol iow to repeal the law. LITERARY. The second number of Xorthern Light* has appeared, and is a long way in advance of the first in readableness; although the Illus trations arc still printed so badly as to be rather disfigurements. The January number of the Xorth American Review made its appearance to-day. It has not tic long array of distinguished names of contributors which several “pre ceding issues have dbp’aycd, hut has the inevitable cen tral sensation In an essay on Daniel Webster by James Barton. Nasby’s book just issued here, with illus trations by Nast, has made an immense hit, ten thousand copies having been soldalrcady within a week after publication. Mazzini, the Italian patriot, is to have an article In the next Atlantic Monthly. MISS noSMEIt’S LINCOLN MONUMENT. You have published, it I remember rightly, the official circular descriptiou by the artist herself of Miss Harriet Hosmer’s’design for the freedmen’s monument to Abraham Lin coln. The model has been placed on free public exhibition here, and a guard of honor of black people of both sexes arc hovering about It at all hours, explalnlnglhc different features of the design, and apparcntlv are greatly delighted with it. As they have bad no opportunities for comparison, however, and as on Indefinite proportion of gratitude to the lady who has made the design mingles with their admiration, the approval of this class may perhaps not be considered - as conclusive of the artistic success of the effort. To many who admit that it has fea tures of merit the whole affair seems unsat isfactory, in that it attempts too much, and leaves nothing to be Imagined. We have the birth of Abraham Lincoln, his early pursuits, his rail-splitting, farming and flat-boating, his youthful snecches on the stump, his career as a member of the Illinois Lcgbla turc, his journey to Washington, his assassin ation and funeral. We have the Emancipa tion Proclamation. We have the thirtv-six States. We have the attack on the battle of Mobile, the capture of Petersburg, and the snt render of Leo. We have a quar tette of female figures with trumpets, sup posed to be mourning “Victories,” but sure of nil manner of absurd misinterpreta tion when the monument Is actually erected and a subject for popular comment. We have the negro as a naked slave, ns a clothed slave, as a laboring freedman, and as a Union soldier. And finally we have Mr. Lincoln himself, sixty feet In air, not upright and the man as hclivcd,but a corpse in a sarcophagus, with a glimpse of the features visible from one point of view. Miss Hosmer’s position as an artist is assured. If anything were needed to con firm it, the admirable modelling of the four negro figures in this monument la sufficient. > But it seems to me that in this design as a ; whole, she has made a failure most ! manifest and undeniable, because she has un dertaken too much. The court may be sup {>oscdtoknow something; and wo could mve afforded to dispense with the minutLe for the sake of some single suggestion of the great (bet that the freed slave honors his deliverer, snch as might he expressed so ranch better than by this intricate complica tion of symbols, effigies and bas-reliefs. Then it seems, too, that there is overmuch of mourning in the design, which makes it rather a demonstration of regret at Lincoln’s death than of lasting honor to fab mem ory. The negroes of to-day weep— and with good cause—for the death I of their Emancipator; but the next genera tion, who will visit and stndy this monu ment if it is erected, are not expected to mourn for bis death, which in the natural course of events must have occurred during the next twenty or thirty years, but to re vere his memory as the benefactor of tbclr race. It is likely to bo some time, however, I suppose, before the freedmeu’s monument ftmd reaches a sufficient amount to warrant a beginning on this or any other monument of magnitude, so Miss Bosmer’s design will meet plenty of criticism from hands more competent than mine, before it is Irrevoca bly adopted. VARIOUS MATTERS. Anew city government was inaugurated to-day with an absence of ceremony In strlk lug contrail with the pomp attending the 4Ctfi#lftluro T, *° incom- N V rcr l ,M » '"tide RU address eminently | practical and commo .•icnslhle.Uu* must striking features of which wore the declaration In favor of a license law. and the oiunathlo enunciation of the theory thSl police officers should make the prosecution ol criminals a more Immediate duly than the recovery ofstolcn property. 3 Some of the most prominent citizens of Boston have been enlisted In the cause ol the remote sufferers i n caudla, and ot a moating to ho hold In their bchall lonfahl speeches rrpn'lird by ox Governor Andrews, Wen doll PlillllM, E. E. Unto nnd Dr.UutillnJdOT. Vi e are favored with excellent sleighing. Unvuna. A TENNESSEE VENDETTA, Terrible End of a Twenty Vcars Eoud. Vahnern Iflcri Killed' During .ho Xlmo : ■“*» Voiu'flil.UitttiinrorTmgpdlwi-Tiii) l.nat Wrnto, n Umililc Murder. jVrom the I,uiil»vhlc (Ky.) Journal, •Um'iary 11.) i htoivn, Cnrtor id u tcjilhlo ftiud that Inu been raging far twen»y years between two fainllloit uf that ponniy, and which was brought to an end by the hlomly diMilhs of the mile surviving multi uf the warring tribes, in thu streets uf Klfa tt . bolhlown, on the evening of the Ails Instant. Tho history uf tho Affair, as detailed by our correspondent, la as follows: In the fall oi l&pj a family named John * grooved Orom the neighboring county ol woutmiga. North Carolina, lulo Carter County, East Tennessee, and settled down In the neighborhood of another family named Rogers. Johnstone, who appeared to bo un energetic, Industrious man, Immediately went to work ot clearing up a little farm, lie .felled trees, grubbed up undergrowth, burned stumps, and split rails to fence In the ground he reclaimed from tbo wilderness. In this labor he was assisted by two sons— both mere lads. While tbo three were engag ed m erecting fencing around their patch of land, Rogers rode up to where they were at work one day, and laid claim to a pile of rails about a dozen In number. This claim John stone disputed, and Anally, on Rogers apply ing to him the epithets of ••liar" and “thief,” the North Carolinian pulled him from his horse, and administered to him a severe chastisement with his fists. Rogers went off vowing vengeance, and In tho course of; an hour returned to the spot armed with a rifle the contents of which ho discharged Into tho bedy of Johnstone, producing fatal conse quences. Rogers, who was a man of some wealth for those primitive times, and was possessed of considerable Influence among his tough, urlcttcrcd neighbors, was acnul£ ted of the charge of murder by an examining

justice. This was the beginning of the ter rible vendetta that has run through tho years that fallowed, cutting down the males of the two families In the pride of their strength and manhood. The two Johnstone lads vowed vengeance upon the murdeier of their parent, and one uf them, James, worked night and day, with but one object in view—to accumulate the means to purchase a rifle. At length he be came the owner of one, and one Sabbath morning, with his gun upon his shoulder, he approached the house of Rogers. The latter was sitting upon his porch, and, as he saw young Johrstone approaching, probably di vining Lis lutcntion, arose hastily and start ed towards tho rack where his own gun was suspended. Bat the avenger of blood was upon his path, and ere ho could reach his weapon he fell upon the floor a corpse, his heart pierced by the bullet of his foe. Rog ers left behind him a youug wife and three children—one of whom was a boy. Among the rough backwoodsmen of Carter County, young Johnstone’s crime was looked upon with satisfaction. If not favor—the Indian law of retaliation being looked upon by them as tbe very cream of justice. Afterward Johnstone married, aud as the years passed by, to became surrounded by an interesting and numerous progeny. Thu boy William Rogers, in the meantime, had almost reached manhood’s estate, when one morning, without divulging his inten tion to his mother or sisters, he left the house with his father’s rifle upon his should er, ns if he were goingout to hunt, and in less than an hour u grief-stricken mother and children wore weeping over tho corpse of u slain husband and father. Young Rog ers, In Ids turn, had become an avenger, and Thomas Johnstone fell beneath hts hand. In time the memories of these three mur ders died away,and those who were children then grew up to he men and women. Wil liam Rogers had taken to himself a wife, and become the bead of a growing family. One morning he rode into Elizabeths town, nnd as ho did not return that night—a circumstance that had never occurred before—hts wife became very uneasy, and in the morning Induced her brother to start to town in search of her missing husband. About tbreo miles from the bouse bo came upon the body of Ids brotber-in law, lying in the road, stiff and coid in death. His bruin had been pierced by a rifle ball.. Although his murderer was nevcrdiscovcrcd, yet. the community quietly accepted tho belief that Henry Johnstone, a son ol Thomas,-who was slain by Rogers, was the perpetrator of the deed. Somo years afterwards, in a drunken moment, la Elizabethtown, this young man acknowl edged ho had said slain Rogers, and gave ns his reason that the latter had kilted his father. Johnstone was a young man, and ; only a few months before, the murder had been married to a young girl In tho neigh borhood. Again the chart of time was unrolled, end at least ten years had been added to the past, when a young lad, a son of the murdered Rogers, engaged in an altercation in the yard of the Court House at Elizabethtown, with Johnstone, who was then a middle*, aged roan, and inflicted such wounds upon him with a knife that he died op the follav lug morning, . - Thus it went on for years, now a Joky*, falling hy the hands o*f a Rogers, ami ' . “° no Rogers falling beneath the r.ycngiiv ‘ , *!?»A a Johnstone, until the war intev-’ fora time, at least, tho.tcrrible{> a *J4 to have ended. The cessation brought the survivors of‘.hg r back toCnrterCounty. Tr slstod of Randall Rog*» I 1 ®? c . on * fl one, both haitlc-scntr j unmarried men. Ou * h instant these two “ ‘ lie evening of theoth EU/abethtown * u , eD mct in a grocery in i„ °J?‘, and soon became cn tefTored and / allc rc.'i(lon. Bystanders in ion was avert- . S.? lloUr or t,ro a COllla- Wende and ' d- T ' ,c i‘ ' rere separated by Tills occur *5 kc v o<r . iu °PP o3itt! directions. o'clock r. » d about DOO - n - About thrco Rotters was coing up street bo saw J .mistone oomintt down. As they near- Cl • each oilier they drew their revolvers and commenced simultaneously firing upon each oilier, continuing to advance as I hoy fl'X*d Finally, and when about four fc-t *dis* taut from Johnstone, Rogers sank to the pavement, and. as he lay,the last act of his life was to fire the last charge in his pistol into the abdomen of Johnstone, whose last bullet Prod .1.- a Penetrated his’ anlaeonisl’s brni'a, ca,lsil >^ Johnstone reeled and fell across ,I? e oa '* his foe, and, when bystanders rushed* to where they lay, he, too, had passed beyond all reach of mortal aid. Almost at the same instant ©‘‘time, their two blood-gnilty souls bad gene to join the gory ghosts of their ancestors. Thus ended a* feud that has ex- isted fer twenty years, in the course of which fourteen men have died violent deaths. Another Great Swindle. ITrom the Detroit Tribune, January 13.] Another swindle of huge proportions has been unearthed, and from all the facts in the ease that we have been enabled to ascertain, Detroit, at least lor a time, was made the bcsdtjbarters of the operators. The whole utfair has been so adroitly managed that few it any persons entertained the least suspi cions that all was not right, and as a natural result the sufferers arc numbered by the hun dred. The operations appear to have been carried on upon a large scale, and npon a plan that not only insured success, but lends to throw the officers entirely off the track of the swindlers. On the 23d of September last two men, to all appearances wealthy, called at the litho graphing establishment of Messrs. Calvert it Co., and represented that they were about opening a banking bouse here,* on Michigan avenue. They Inquired about procuring a quantity of work and finally lea an order for a large amount of blank drafts, certifi cates of deposit, checks, letter headings, a cancelling stamp, and in fact everything that is usually needed In a first class banking house. They paid for a portion of the work •in advance, and when thev called for the whole of it, paid the bill and took their books, etc., away. As Mr. Calvert had no cause for suspicion he paid no more attention to the matter than he would If any strangers had called and ob tained a qnantity of work. He completed his contract with care, and tamed out to the parties an excellent job with his usual, Imprint attached, and they went away. Now, however, it turns out that the parties who procured the printing referred to were swindlers, and they have, it is believed, flooded Canada and the adjacent States with their worthless paper. Brokers at Windsor, Fort Sarnia, London, Hamilton, Toronto, and in fact nearly all the larger cities of the United States, have been bitten, each to the tune of from SI,OOO upwards. At the present writing it Is of course Im possible to s f ate precisely the aggregate amount that has been realized by the opera tion, as only a few of the drafts have been sent to this city for the purpose of ascertain ing tbelr true character. It is estimated, however, that the sharpers have obtained between $40,000 and $50,000, and unless the swindle is checked immediately, there is no telling how mnch more will be obtained. The whole affair Is one of the most adroitly arranged confidence operations on record, and the only wonder la that business men have been simple enough to accept one soli tary check of the bogus Institution. fflasftacbiisctt* and South Carolina. Governor Bullock sent to the Massachu setts Legislature on Friday last a letter re ceived by him from Governor Orr of South Carolina, which contalucd the following passage: “1 have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your communication, inclosing a copy of the resolutions of tbc State of Massachusetts, direct ing certain books to be provided and sent to this State in response to my application to yon. This action of the Legislature o( your State is grate fully appreciated by South Carotins, and is an angury that the ancient fraternal relations be tween these two original Stales of the Union are heme restored. Widely as we have differed In tbc principles of the Government in the past, let the scerililUes of those dlficrences be buried, and the tntnre only unfold a generous rivalry in ad vandng the Interests and promoting the glory ol a common coanlrj." Death of an Aged Cituen* (From the Illinois State Journal, January 12.] We are again called upon to record tbo death of another of the pioneers of Sangamon County. James McConnell. Esq.., died at his residence, about three miles south of this city, on the 10th instant, of paralysis, aged 7G scars. Tie purchased bis.form in 1340 and moved his family from Madison County, New York, in 1841, and no the time of his death has been a resident of this county. He leaves a widow, three sons: Mr. Edward McCon nell, A. B. McConnell, Esq., and George John McConnell, and two daughters: Mrs. F. Fas sett, and Mrs. F. B. Hopp'n, all, wo believe, rcsldentsofthiscounty, Mr, McConnell was a Mason and will be buried with Masonic honors. EUROPE. Our Special Foreign 4>orrc (jpondtnco. The Fenian Collapse. k Chapter of Interesting London Gossip. The Empress Eugenie's Promised Visit to ICome. Tho Italian Question In a Huddlo. Oim LONDON LETTER. Tlio Collnpat-lrclnml’M Oppor tnniiy-Foroluu coiuprcuiun m iho Iron 'Jrmlo-iiuunlUni-Tiio Itntiorn <lnpkilon-Tlao NrxU'onftnrntnl War- A I'rrurhman who did not Din tu the l<HMt imrli—Luboiituyo— A Now Ho uston* Jounml-A ffinunlllceut l»ro- Jt« (-Thu .TiarqulH «f Wraimliuior* (Special Correspondence of (ho Chicago Trtnnno.l London, Kwuland, December 9I». i&H). There ore Imt two days to the beginning of the ikw year, and, unices Mr. Stephens is very near at hand, Indeed, the promised rising In Ireland must bo once more post* poued. The bill which ho so openly drew on public credulity comes to maturity in a few hours, and tho general opinion now Is that It will not be taken up. The letter of General Mlllcn, which boa been extracted from a New York Journal and widely circu lated here, has done immense damage to the reputation of the Head Centro. Mr. Milica’s apote entirely leaves out what I said when writing to tho Tuiuune from Ireland. I wrote that It would bo a useless waste of blood, and would Involve Ireland in suffer ing and misery ten-lold beyond what sho ox pcricnces now, if an army of Fenians were to lend on her shores at the present moment, when England is wholly unimpeded and could oppose any attempt of the kind with her whole force. At the same time I said that the population were discontented and rebellious In disposition. I am happy to find that Mr. Mlllcn, who must know more of the Fenian organization than I do, confirms in almost every particular the conclusions at which I arrived. Of course, the whole thing will be blown upon now, and Irish rebellions will be ridiculed even more than they, were alter tho abortive at tempt of ISIS. John Bull Is already miti gated. He docs not hale Paddy with tho intense hatred of a fortnight back, and even is exhibiting the only other quality which he has ever displayed towards him—con temptuout pity. But In defiance of scorn and contempt, the feeling of Irish nationali ty will live ou, and the day will come, sooner or later, when “England’s difficulty will be Ireland’s opportunity,’’ and there Is reason to apprehend that the longer the debt is postponed tlio heavier will be the pay ment exuded. The two nations will never coalesce, and the feeling on the one side and ou the other is os strong. If not stronger than U was in the reign of Queen Elizabeth « halever you may read In the English jour nals to the contrary, what 1 now write is the pure truth. Where Mr. Stephens Is or where be will next turn body seems to know. Like the Emperor Maximiliau he is said to be in a hundred localities. But there Is on old adage which says that “ the man who is every whore is no where.” and this I believe, will apply both to the Emne or and the Head Centre. Our journals here arc discussing the serf, ons question of foreign competition in the Iron trade and the loss of the Continental markets to our manufacturers. The subjects of Trades Unions and strikes, to which I have frequently called attention in these letters are of course brought Into the dlsjussion and to them is attributed, by aomo writers the disagreeable fuel that tlie Belgian and French iron masters are throating us out of the foreign markets, “to an extent which the public would hardly credit.’*-savs the re port of Messrs. Creed and Wiliams, who went over to Belgium to investigate the cause of the anomaly. Mr, Jluskisson, the real au thor of free trade In this country, said that the protective system was a patent which 9 i C A°?b nn * that En s laßtl muAt stand or fall In the race of competition with other nations. »\c arc now runulntr that race, and are beginning to Una that It ?! a severe one. Tbfc cause of the decline of our snprr maev is stated to lie the lilsli woßcswda tr, oar work nun ns compared with those of the French aud Belgian ouvritra, and, ofco jrsi the rem edy snggested Is, that the wSrkmSi should accept Slower rate 0 f nav Uhoild he do so. there Is nothin-1 0 prevent his con tn • work, and which are sufficient la«t ' r tlie Phenomenon. Witbla the Gorman?** •» ***** the FrcncU t Belgians and faeturi* nave made vast pi ogress in maim selviv Jff power, and, instead ofbeiug them s eurtomera to England, they are actu ., j competing with her in the markets of tic world. Then it must bo borne in mind that tho enormous taxation of England en ters as. a component part of price in all the products she makes, and this gives tho foreigner a great ad vantage over her. Again, especially dur ing the greater part of the present year, the rate of oiscount at the Bank of England has been higher by two or three per cent than at Brussels and Paris, and, like the taxation, this high rate of interest must also enter in to the price of commodities, and this gives an additional advantage to the Belgian and French manufacturer. All burdens, such as taxation and high rate of money, forming, as they must do, one of the elements of price, it follows ns a necessary consequence that so fur ns the productions of this country arc consumed abroad, foreigners are contribu ting indirectly to thepoymentoftherevenue of Great Britain as much os her own subjects do. This Is a poiut which I think may de serve the consideration of statesmen who are rapidly paying off the debts of their own country. But, from whatever cause, the con dition of the woi king classes in England, aud the relation between employers and em ployed, are becoming questions of the grav est moment. The Earl of Shaftesbury, who for more than thirty years has taken an active part J n . Z u social nuestions ImsJnsl written a letter, In wUcli'ho snvi Unit tlie present Cabinet feel a deep interest In Ibe condition of the workinc raeo, and he is the more entitled to make this statement on behalf 01 the Government, as, in the let ter referred to. which is addressed to Mr. Philip Grant, the author of a “History of Factory Legislation,” he says he had been offered a teat In tlie Cabinet by Earl Derby, —a fact now for the first time made public. Tlie mention of Lord Snaflesbury reminds me that he has published, in this day’s Times, another letter on the subject of ritu alism, in which he makes the strange avow al, that if the Established Church is broken up, the greater number of its members will become Romanists, and the Reformation it self will have failed. Some few might re main staunch, he says, but the great body would go to Rome, whilst others would be come rationalists. The Dissenting Churches could not, in his opinion, oppose an effectual barrier to the encroachments of Rome. The meaning of this is. that on the plat form of perfect freedom, Rome would be triumphant over the opposing Christian sects. It is very- odd that almost simultaneously with this decla ration of Lord Shaflesbnrv, the Roman Cath olic onrans of Italy should be denouncing Baron Ricasoli for wishing to see the Roman Catholic Church in Italy placed ou this very platform of perfect' freedom aud equality. The only conclusion I can conic to, from these opposite views, is one that St. Augus tine came to In a similar case —res reniris, non rdigionis agitur. Wc are living in strange times when a Minister of Italy proposes to adopt the American principle or the entire independence of the Church, and when such a persistent, and, 1 may say, bitter opponent of Catholicity as Lord Shaftesbury upholds the conucction of the Churcb and State on the ground that it is the only safeguard of the Reformation itself. Bat we are destined, before long, to witness stranger scenes. Turkey is avowedly going to pieces. Nothing can sustain her. Eng land will hardly go to war again to keep the Turk in Constantinople. The feeling of the nation would not go with the Govern ment in such a war. The Times confesses that this is so, and a letter from the pen of Mr. Goldwln Smith, which appears in the Journals of to-day, de nounces the Ottoman Empire In a manner that reflects the real feeling of the nation. It Is an abomination in Europe,and It cannot be got rid of one day too soon. The Cretans have the sympathy *of every Government in Europe, except that of France. It is strange how that man, who is the occupant of the TnUlcrics, is ruining himself at home and abroad. A sort of fate seems attached to his latter history. Nothing goes well with him. Bnt when this Eastern question arises, as it will one of these days, all Europe will be ut war. In fact, statesmen make no disguise about thcniattcr. Countßismark, whosure ly knows what Is coming, has already ap pealed to the Prussian Chambers to be at one with the Government, and to keep their eyes fixed on foreign politics. The Austrian statesmen arc laboring hard to attach the Hungarians to the cause of the Empire, in view of the approaching complications, and there Is every prospect of a matrimonial alli ance between the nooses of Hapsbnrg and Savoy, which will have a political signifi cance. The Southern States have still some advo cates left in Europe. Camiliu Around Jules Mnrie dc Folignac bos Just published a pam phlet in Paris, in which be professes to recti fy various misconceptions which have been and still arc entertained in Europe re garding the Southern States of America, their social system, and their policy. You arc aware that this young Frenchman was attached to the staff of General Beauregard In the early part of the war. and was after wards a Brigadier General in the Corps of Ehbv Smith. It is*no wonder tnat a mem ber of the Folignac family should be found on the side ot despotism, bnt it is to his credit that he should still uphold by his pen that cause which he supported by theswoid. It shows that if he Is mistaken he is at least sincere. A Frenchman of a totally different order of ideas lias been engaged to write for a Lon don religions Journal —M. E. Laboulaye, a name that should be dear to all Northern Americans. M. Laboulaye is the authorof a “ History of the Law of Landed Property in Europe, from Constantino to Our Days and “The Political History of tho United States, from tho Earliest At tempts at Colonization to the Adop tion of the Federal Constitution;” | “ The Social Works of C banning,” preceded by “An Essay on his Life and Doctrines:” “The United States and Franco;” “ Paris in Amctlc%” and several other works of great merit. The journal wbleh has obtained his valuable services is to be called the English Jtuhpnulcnt, with which tho IJrllUh JJattruf and tho Patriot arc to bo Incorporated. It Is a weekly piper, and, as Its ttnmo Implies, It will advocate (he view* of tho English Inde pendent*. A now Homan Catholic weekly oigah made ltd appearance to-day under tho name of the WenmtruterfJtueUi, ■. Speaking of newspapers, 1 was yesterday surprised at tho immrnso sale which a re* print of a copy of the Timtt of ihb year iTbWhnd to tho pubMc street*. It was a copy conlalningan account ol a victory of Notion over the Trench fleet, and the progress of tho robcPluu In Ireland in that year. Tho newsboy could not supply the paper fast eu‘ tigh to the crowd which surrounded him, and the number of ponce ha received must have required a cal £ln tako away. The Idea was a good one, and It has succeeded tunas* Inal/. Wo cannot /musmmita London os the Em* peror of tho French and M. liaiißinaDti are rebuilding Paris, llutonoot tho largest of our territorial aristocracy Ims token Jt Into his head (o trnusiorm Into n oily of palaces that large portion of Its surface which Is tm* dor his swny. Tho Marquis of Westminster stands, perhaps, at the very top ortho torrl* torlul imignntcs of tho land, and besides his nihdi'd estates, he has tho command offtbu* Jons sums of rendy money. Them are tales told of his miserly disposition and mo of triflesi which tiro hardly credible, hut every one gives him credit tor being us sharp anil Rrudvnt a mun of business ns any hi tho ingdom. Ho U Lord of Tyhnrnla, Del* gravta and IMmlloo, and as snoh has ono of tho amplest and securest rent rolls It? the world. Ho ion subscribe £IO,OOO to a Bishop of I.oiulon’b Fund, and can look attar a sit. 1 pence. Economy and the Orosvouor* go to. gather. Tho Marquis U Chairman of the Mendicity Society, which is a society for tho suppression of unreal beggary, and I have seen him and the Marchioness wearing diamond stars, coronets or necklaces of enormous value. The Marqnls has rcsolv ed that on his properly at least, brick and mortar shall disappear,and If he cannot turn Grosvenorla Into marble, he will at least transmut It Into Portland stone. Whenever a lease or leases fall in, tho old house or houses are to come down and new ones arc to he erected on a plan formed by his archU tcct, Mr. Cnndg.nnd approved by tho Mar- Sills himself. The great Ducal House of ucklogham was nearly ruined by the late Duke, who borrowed money to buy land at a higher rate of Interest than the rent of the land would return. He wished for political supremacy and he came to grief, for the sale of btowe and Its magnificent contents were the price bo paid for bU bobby. Tho Mar qnls of Westminster simply invests his own money In his own property, and what his de scendant In the third generation will be worth, it wonld be dilliciut to estimate—may be £500.000 per annum. The Marquis will have all the honor of beautifying the West End of Loudon, while he will, at the same time, have Increased the family fortune; but It Is evident, though a pious proprietor, that he docs not believe In the scriptural camel and needle’s eye. OUK FLORENCE LETTER. The IlmprcM Eugenie and her Prom- If»rd\ fait to Rome—The Pope Anxloon for a Treaty of Peace—French Inter ference—The King’s Speech—Tho Ital ian Budget. Ftonrsex, Italy, December 21. Simple souls, who, through simplicity, In herit the kingdom ol certainty, know that the Empress Eugenie has with great reluc tance abandoned her intention of going to Borne, out of a generous abnegation of pious desires In favor of Italy. This land, blessed with tbe smiles of Imperial love, often wring#, the benevolent heart that watches over its welfare; but probably It has never been so basely ungrateful as lu this case, lor now ‘the victim of Italian stubbornness is a woman, a rich woman, a fashionable woman, a fascin ating woman. Ye gods, spare us tin* ven geance of this woman'seorned! But souls less simple and less happy, be came poorer In certainties, -ask theraselves whether the Empress really Intended to go, and whether they have not assisted, atone of those Utile Imperial comedies in which the three Napoleons turn their hearts inside out for the confusion of unbelieving believers In Imperialism. There are worse slr.ncrs against the yearnings of Spanish-bred, piety, who doubt whether Eugenie eared a pin to go oa religious grounds, and your correspondent fa one of them. Ibis class do not believe Empresses any bet ter than other people, and few people sue cecdina trade as well as this woman has done by disregarding the rules ol It. Some people believe that religion Is possible to the humblest and the highest missions. Perhaps so; no doubt the boot-blocks and street sweepers on the one hand, and English Queens and Russian Empresses on the other may be very plons, despite their calUn-ral But there must be a limit, and body-snatch era and horse-thieves may be exceptions. Possibly, too, the Imperial business conduct ed in France may fall under some head of exceptions. At all events, the Empire is built upon one big lie, and little lies prop It up dally, or It would come crashing down off the crooked child ol the devil on whose slip pery back it rests. Under such conditions we watch the Imperial performers os we do charlatans In these Italian market places with u preconceived notion that as the fel lows follow a cheating trade, their religious 1 urlty may not be so far beyond question as lu merit the fullest confidence. If one of tbete performers should. take to protestations that bo must go strlght to Scuta Maria Novella acd pay for a thousand masses for a dead relative’s soul, gravely asking the company to clear the way by furnishing the money, doub.less a good many old women would »ct out their handkerchiefs, or rattier get up their aprons. But be certain there would be cute, dcvltfahly inclined people to cry back at the charlatan, “Whatfa your little game now ?” \\e, the hard-hearted sinners, said that when the imperial journey was proposed, and we now think we see the little game very clearly. The Imperial visit to Pius IX. was a sedative for the nerves of French BL-hops who were trembling lest the Church should tumble down like tbe nails of Jeri cho, at the sound of Garibaldi’s trumpet. Of course if Eugenio went' there, the trumpet would uot blow. Prelates grew calm, and tho French flocks, unable to 2nd out what it was all about, ate of the Empress’ visit fodder with rclishingappetite, and, mshort, things came round to the Napoleonic idea. Pious people are under the special care of 1 rovideuce, and the discontent of the Ital ians furnishes a timely and sweet excuse for the change of purooae. Now It happcns’that nobody, in Italy has much believed in this journey. Xbe stage incHs of these Parisian actors have been long rather familiar to people hero. When the cousin, Prince Napoleon, falls out with the nephew of his uncle, Italians shrug their !i! n Sv 1 ; 3 i l6k ' “What is their little game. Nobody expects the performers to walk s,a «d straight, or talk straight. The whole Empire Is a great “ slantindicular” slant, slanting In these thues rather more than It usually does; for Bismarck and Maximilian arc toppling it over a little. But, if Italians were asked whether they lined the idea of the great lady’s visit, they said no, hypothetically; for they saw in such a plan only an cllort to accomplish by female diplomacy what the masculine sort had made a failure of, to organ’ze a great ultra-montane conspiracy in Italy itself, to put us all uuder some new bouds to let Home rot lo the embrace of a dead Govern ment, to prolong the completion of Italy. Besides, we knew here that if the great lady went she would go with success in her pocket—else she could not be spared from the annual receptions. Italians did not want her to go so: and ergo they disliked the busi ness generally. She is beheved here to be smart, to have more wit in her elbows than her lord has iu that dull, blundering head of bis. 'ltalians would rather she did not mis too much in the Papal intrigue, for- she runs the Church by contract, and if she sniffed theba'tle too much and too closely Italy would be in for a good deal of a fight. It Is very natural that we should hearfrom Berlin, Cologne. London and other distant places, that M. Tonollo dees -not get on fast with negotiations. Information about Borne always comes in from the outskirts of crea tion ; and if I thought this Roman question would pay the # subscription, I would “take *p» ’ as our British brethren say, a Bombay JJerald or a Calcutta Tribune in order to keep posted. I dare say you know more about it than we. I only write to expose our Ignorance. But what yon are not likely to know Is just how Italians feel about the mission. Accord ing to received authorities, we are all on our knees here asking the Pope’s pardon, ready to pay any amount of money for absolution, and waiting in tearful anxiety to hear “the word pronounced that bids us hope.” Now, the fact Is that we aic not a bit more pious than we were a year ago; and we have sent M. Tonello down to our capital to please Louis Napoleon rather than for anypurposc, hope or penitence of our own. There has been no delusion here about the temper of the Papacy. It requires an extraordinary amount of stupidity to believe that the Pope never by any chance says what he means. He bos so distinctly and angrily condemned the whole Italian business,'has so recently uttered not only non ponumus, but a pretty round denunciation of Italy, that a man must be crazy to hope for a conciliatory spirit In his court. But I forget myself. The did gentleman is most amiably Inclined; he Is ready, anx ious for a treaty of peace. The only trouble is that be wants Italy to concede every thing. His fine old face would glow with satisfaction if Italy would hut meet him in a becoming spirit—that Is a penitent and give everything spirit. He Is as anxious far conferences as the slaveholders used to be for National Conventions, because he confi dently'hopes to convince the wanderers of the duty of coming back to the fold, just as slaveholders hoped to mould National Con ventions to their wilL Perhaps this anxiety and faith In his powers of persuasion have misled some foreign diplomats with the be lief that often the Pope is disposed for peace and compromise. He la. But his peace is the status quo and his compromise is con cession on the part of Italy and the Romans. The anxieties of France arc sold to be great. If Louis Napoleon could be induced to mind his own business there would be no troahle about Bomc. The Pope would bo relieved of the necessity of making any un pleasant bargains, or of refhslng to make them, and a year hence he anil everybody else would wonder what all this pother had been about. The Roman question is, really. How to Induce the French to let Rome alone. Wc arc told that the Emperor left his protection at Rome when he withdrew his troops, mnch as A. Johnson left the Con stitution when he tore himself away. And the old Pope leans on that support. “Na poleon will come back if there is trouble,” say the advisers of His Holiness, and Italian statesmen are embarrassed by the fear that such an event may occur. The' negotiations, or pretence of them, have deferred a little the action of the Romans; hat wo are approaching the final plebiscite in Italy. What Franco will do, and what Europe will think, after the sub jects of Pins IX. have declared themselves citizens of Italy, will soon bo the chief sub jects of Interest for Italians. Probably piere accidents will decide both problems. Public opinion—at least the surface side of it—in these days.of telegraphs, is easily manipu lated In Europe, and the majority of people have stuck lost on this Papal question in the mire of Church and State delusions. As for Napoleon, he It) capable of'. ' blunder after bis Mexican stupidity. Bewl It must bo confessed that French Liberals oro averse to at ui (tuning tho Pope. Having no religion thfln ■ Ives, they favor providing women and clilldiui "nil a good orthodox, genuine au« ih.uo variety, and not one to ton of lh' rn bis any sympathy with Italy. Most of them think with Napoleon, that a notion of IwcDty flvo millions ol Italians. Independent over all Mds Peninsula, is more than was contracted lor In IHSJ, and an awk* «i»rdly hlir hoby to nianige front Paris. The Homan question Is o means iff arresting tbo completion of this Italy, ana If U could bo managed, tho means would ho unscrupulous* ly used. Italians feet confident that the on* cmy Is at tho end of his resources, bnt they profess a sincere roftpeet and dread for life powers of Invention. • , There Is sotno discontent, as I tola you In my lost, with tho Kliijt’s speech. All that Is new now Is a rumor that tho olmoxioiis phrases woro insisted upon hv tho King hltn* •elf. This Is perhaps literally lino; bulUo ? pencils of these phrases U not shown by that net. General Floury brought them from Paris and Induced tho King to ndoptthonr to gratify the Emperor. Hot they am tvs ambiguous as Louis Napoleon himself, ami I only mention them to point to trie sensitive* ness of tho nation to any Alluring of pur* Our budget Is a sorry looking affair, and wo never shall have a bettor-looking ono until thsro Is a general upturn of tho civil service system, it U tho general heller, and hope, too, that the Finance Minister will by and-hy slick fast Id the middle of bis oirti system ; and then tho nation may get a ehaneo to say Us say about administration, with no wars ahead, with a free Hold for national Industry and pnblic retrenchment, tho finances ought to Improve; but they will not until they pet a good deal worse. M. ficlalolja fa about forty-flve millions of dollars short in his cash box, and he pays anually about half that sum to men who arc on tho civil service list, bnt who render no service to- the State which conld not be done by other paid servants. In other words, Italy pavs four men to get the work of one, and 'that fa what’s the matter. I noted toe other day a statement that some 7,000 clerks of a par tlcwlar class were drawing half-pay, doing nothing, and this fa bat ono item of a lang bill. Dexhuouik CONSTITCTIONAL CONTENTION*- Chicago, January 13. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: Judge Jameson skill contends that the' State Constitution is the only chart of power oftbe State Legislature. His position is that the only power of the Lcglslatuie to act is derived from tho general graut of power, and this general power fa subject to the snecillc limitations and restrictions contained in other portions of the instrument, which Isall that fa meant by the authorities cited by me. And, in support of hi? pcsUlcn, hecltes tom Section 1 of Article 1 of tho Constitution of the United States: “All legislative powers herein granted shall be vestca in a Congress of the United States,” Bnt mark the difference in the language of the Coustltutiou of the State of Illinois: “The powers of the Government of the State of Illinois shall be divided into three distinct depai meats, and each of them be eorrined to a separate body of magistracy, tc-nitt Those which are legislative lo one-,” Ac. [Const, of ISIS, Art. 4 I.] Again; “The l?gfalative authority of thfa. Slate shall be tyntcd in a General Assemb>-»,“ tot the legislative authority ‘Muruby granted.” The authority existed before the Constitution of IS4S was framed. 1 am asked to point out specifically, from what source. If not from the Constitu tion, a Legislate)e does derive Us powers. I answer in the language of the Illinois Con stitution itself: “ All power fa inhcicnt in the people.” Not the people living twenty years aso, who framed the Constitution of lt>4B, but the people of ISC7 as well. The Constitution emanates from tho same source as a legislative act, to-wlt, from tho people. And while the people have rcsncct lor the provisions of tbe Constitution, and iccognize them as of binding force, lor reasons already given, it will not do to go fuithcr, and say that all legislative power and authority whatever Is vested lu a Convention of delegates met to frame a Constitution. By what process, for instance, was all the legislative authority of the people of Illinois concentrated Into one focus lathe year IS4S, so that no authority should.aftcrward exist except such as that Constitutional Convention should sec fit to grant? And suppose that Convention had: relused or neglected to vest general legisla tive powers in the legislature* simply maintaining silence upon that point. Then, according to Judge Jameson, our present Legislature • would have no general legislative power. But that Is substantially what that Convention did do. It fa a mistaken idea that the Constitution contains any such general grant of legisla tive power. It simply declares that the leg islative power of the State, not defining It, and recognizing it as already existing, shall be vested In a General Assembly. It ts equally a mistake that the authorities do not go to the extent here contended for. In the Supreme Court of tbe United States, In the case of Butler vs. The Stale o« Penn sylvania, 10 Jtoieard't &p , 41(1, Jnstlce Daniel uses the following language: “ It follows, then, npon principle, that In every perlect or competent Government, there must esfal a general power to enact and to repeal laws; acd to create, and cliange or db<cominne tho agents designated for the execution of those laws. Such a power is indtsnenjablo fur tho pieservati«n of the bewty politic, and for the saftiy of the individuals oi the community. It Is true, that this power.or the extent of Us exercise, may bo controlled by the higher organic law or Constitution cf the State. • • But where no such restriction fa imposed, tbe power must rest in the discretion of the Government alone.” All tbe authorities cited in my last, arc to the same effect, that a Constitution Is to bo considered as an instrument of mandate and prohibition menhj, not as a grant oi power. The Constitution limits, amf in some eases prohibits, the exercise ot existing power. It also directs that the same power, in certain cases, shall be exercised. There its province ceases. It Is asked, “Ts there any snob thing as a common law right of our Legis aturo to leg islate, independently of our Constitution?” I answer, the right exists under our form ***“ government, in \h* rer»e«CUtat»ve s 0 f tho P eo l’:C, and It is not necessary to trace it oack lo a system ot law originating under a form of government entirely dissimilar. W. BEECHhIt ON SUFFRAGE, Important Letter of Henry Ward Bccclicr to Gov, nrownlovr. - „ BnooKLYx, N. V., January 10. Governor Erownlow: 3 lJ ' Mr Desk Sm: I have juMi been talking Tritb ft friend returned from Tennessee an.l have Burned a little more In detail than I before knew of your present state, and what y°o propose to do. Pray do not think me meddling with your business, when I ex press my anxiety for your success in the thorough and permanent enfranchisement of the negro, for Tennessee Is, in some sense, a representative of’the new nation. What the whole people, above all thins*, need mat now is that one Southern State should, of Us own will, and bv the vote of its own people, come up fully on to the platform of equal right* and full citizenship for all men. Then there will be a model to work by—other States wUI have conragc to believe that such things can be done.' Suf frage lor the whole people I deem a natnral right, I should urge it as a matter of justice. Should you secure it, it will raise the con science of the whole nation many decrees higher than it is/ But, in your case, it is also a matter of political safety. If some fear that such a measure will kill them, so I am sure the uai.t of u will kill them. To die for a prin ciple is lo make sure a resurrection ; while political death without, and even against a principle, is death perpetual and resurrec tionless. Should Tennessee remain firm and work out this great truth and duly of universal suffrage (not forfeited by crime) I shall re gard it as the turn of the night. The day-star will have arisen, and light will grow stronger and darkness weaker every moment there after. I hope that God will be gracious to you and reinvigorate your frame. He has made your life precious to those who wish well to the country. Into the struggle of the uext campaign you will carry not only the fate of Tennessee, but of the whole Sontb, and so of the nation. May God go with you and bless yon and bring you out victorious; then if you wish to depart we will rejoice with you iu the Inheritance of that rest which re maineth for the people of God. I am, dear sir, truly yours, (Signed) H.' w. Beeches. X HEAT! SWINDLE. A Boston LTTercliont Bobbed by a Jew* iali Babb! and Diamond Jlerclmni* (From (be Boston Journal, January 14. J The following account of a swindling oper ation recently perpetrated on Francis E. Faxon, Esq., of this city, a much respected resident who was formerly in the shoe busi ness, and has held the position of Alderman, exhibits a breach of confidence on the part of one who in an hour has falsified the pre vious honorablerecord ofa lifetime. Some two years ago Mr. Simon C. Noot, a Rabbi, who has officiated In the Jcwisu Syn agogue, called upon Mr. Faxon and wished to make a loan of a thousand dollars for the purchase ofa few diamonds, offering to share the profits with Mr. Faxon. The loan was made and the transaction legiti mately can led oat- Another invest ment On similar conditions was pro posed, and before accepting it Mr. Faxon in stituted very careful inquiries into the ante cedents of Mr. Noot. lie found that he was a native of Amsterdam, aud not only a skil ful cutter of diamonds but one of the best Judges of the articles in this country. For seven years he was a well known and highly respected Rabbi In Philadelphia, where he enjoyed not only the confidence of his .peo ple bat of the citizens generally. It was also ascertained that in all bis dealings ho was prompt and trustworthy. Iu addition to these Business qualifications, which seemed sufficient to establish bis credit, Mr. Noot was noted for bis great talent as one of the. most accomplished Unguis La iu the country, his attainments as a Hebrew aud Sanscrit scholar being known to the professors of Harvard College who were on terms of in timacy with him. These facts, coupled with a most pleasing address, induced Mr. Faxon to listen to his proposals, and since then the transactions between them have been on an extended scale. Mr. Noot was in the habit of not only loan log money obtained from Mr. Faxon, taking diamonds as security, bnt of purchasing at times at great bargains, costly gems. He even proved faithful la keeping his word with an exactness which disarmed ail suspi cion, and thus gradually secured the confi dence of not only the gentleman be lias wronged, but of ail who had dealings with him. He was careful in meeting every ap pointment, and regular In his correspond ence. In order to facilitate the business which was chiefly carried on la New York, a safe was secured in the Safety Deposit Bmk of that city, of which Mr. Noot being in that city a portion of the time, and having fre quent occasion to change the collat erals or deposit other .valuables, kept a key. Mr. Faxon was frequent ly in New York, and saw that everything was right. A few weeks since Mr. Noot camje to Boston Ibr. the purpose of making a loan dfsome twenty thousand dollars, bringing wlth him sei diamonds to the valuo of some thirty thousand ddllars; Mr. Faxon, not Raving tho amount on hand, assisted him la f rr-caro the amount, and tho diamonds worn « nk<n ns collateral, when Mr.Nool returned. Thltf .was towards tho latter part of Decom* bvr. * . . Mr. Faxon’s suspuio'is were awakened shortly after Ibis transaction by ths fact that he did not receive with tho sumo regularity os formerly letters from tils correspondent announcing tho result of transactions. Ho waited a Ouy or two and (ben telegraphed too sou of Mr. Noot’s, who Is In business m New York* Tho telegram reached tits resi dence during hN absence, and hlir wife opt ed It, and In a pencil wroto that Mr. > had left tor Europe mi lho'Jßlh ofDeltr Mr. Faxon at unco Blurted f-r Nr and look (ho advice of Iha dclcctlrcr-, Informed him that it would ho useless to t fursph to England and secure his arrest, fm U was In met a breach of trust ease, ami It wonld bo impossible to hold Noot under the S. r S. p * Another dtiltcnlty presented Itself. ‘ chanued tho safe at the Safely Deposit Hank, and had taken tho key with him, and It was Impmulhle iluietora lo <S? CC J. u ‘u* content* ortho safe, though 1 Mr, lAXOndocs not entertain a doubt that all tho valuables sro gone, which were of jnlhclcnl amount to cause a loss to Mr. Fax* on of over ono hundred thnuiaml dollar*. Noot leaves a wife and children in this clsy, who are Ignorant of hU whereabout*, and* tho unfortunate gentleman who has thus been robbed Is of tho opinion that, as the Cuba sailed on the £Btn of December from New York, be took passage in that ship. It fa a most singular ctue. ami Mr. Faxon will have the sympathy ot bis friends at this misfortune, which seems to have re sulted from overconfidence In a man who appeared from evidence entitled to it, but who most grossly abused the trust reposed in him. THE PARIS EXHIBITION. An other Cargo of American Article*— Novelties of Slcctaaclam and Art— uo> vices of Yankee Ingeoaiiy—Two Softool Houses, a Bakery and a Farm House on Boarder a Ship. [.From the New York Tribune. Jaq. u.] For some weeks past the ship Mercury, fyh'g at Pier No. 0, North River, has been - reeclwng on board poods oestlned for the Universal Exposition in Paris. At the present- time she has received over 1 000 packages, making a cargo of over SOO tons Nearly every branch of trade curried oa In thfa country is represented among this vast collection of articles of domestic manufuc tore and growth. There are. 100, many eccentricities in mechanism and art la which fa shown the gealns of American Invention. « Yankee notions are, of course, given a place, but long ag o It was found necessary to make this very limited in extent, inasmuch as every man In tho country who devised an improved “ wooden nutmeg,” or gave birth to a jumphtg-Jaek of new and peculiar aero ballc ability, at once proceeded to the otlleo ■ ?f 7* General agent for the United states, at N 0.40 I'ark-row. to press his claims to a conspicuous place tor his In vention at tbo Exhibition. E / e J7 Stale, North and South, fa renre r ented in the prgo oftbe Mercury. It would era of tho Tnbwea. fhll description of all the aitides which constitute that ear-o m specialties only can be mentioned. Illinois 9 sends u school house—a real Western ‘‘fount oi learning,” especially designed aed gotten up to show tbo people of Parfa, and throu-h Paris to show the whole world. In what sort ol buildings the pedagogue plies bis profes sion on the prairies and In the forests of the " estern Coctlurot. This school house was constructed in Chicago, whence it was brought to this city iu thxeo large freight cars. It Is mo*! carefully and" faithfully made, and when put in tlie American quarters o£ the Great Exhibition will un doubtedly be hallcd'as a curiosity. A companion to this is another school house. Thl> is a real Yankee affair, and comes from Boston. It fa not as largo as its • brother from Chicago, but It presents a tr uc type of-thosc “scats of nollldge” in which such lean as Hosca Blgelowand other philos ophers of the same, class acquired their X “lamin’.” There fa a bakery, too, a Boston bakery, > in which M. Blot’s theory of cuMaeri-j will be made to blush—lf a theory can bo made to blusb at ail—by the Yuukcc gingerbread sad biown-cake bakers who will have charm of this peculiar Institution. The structure fa complete, and Ufa the basis of great ex pectatiousto the Boston pcoulc, who con ceived tbe Idea of sending It to the Exhi bition. Still there is. another building. This Is a • farm house all the "way from Chicago.. A more perfect model never did justice' to its original. It Is complete In every particular. Barns andoutbonscs surround it; vines rim up its front and diffuse themselves over its roof; a lence surrounds it, and—well, it Is a farm-house to perfection, and no more can be said to describe it. These constitute the houses that will be on exhibition from this country. One pro gressive Yankee desiredtocoustructa church and send It over, to give tho Parisians an Idea of the kind of buildings devoted In tills country to religions worship; but bfa appli cation was denied, owing to the great length of the steeple he designed to erect for the • representative church. He said “ho couldn’t reduce the steeple no how, for he wanted a place tor the bell, and lots o’ room for the tongue to do its wagglu.’ ” Among tho works ot art ate paintings by Bicretadt, Hicks, Wler, Cropsey, Huntington and other eminent American artfats. Bler stadt sends his “Rocky Mountains,” and Wier furnishes his celebrated painting illus trative of casting guns at the Parrott Foun dry* at Cold Spring on the Hudson. It I pictcd :bat Mr. Blerstadt will Hie hanging of the pictures. *--rintend or ? A wperb copy of Webster’s from the Memums of Snric*'- flpld, Maes., fa among the number. It is mficcntly bound m Turkey morocco and t“ost elaborately finished throughout. Then (litre are grand pianos of the most CoSt»y description and most artistic com pleteness ; carriages fit for the Emperor tc* * ride In; a locomotive; a street car; - .cutting machines; mowing machines; or gars that would not bo ont of place in the gntud Cathedral of Milan; wine from domes tic -rapes; raw and cured tobjcco; raw cot-# tonanaeucar; pine from the Carolina? • all sorts of domestic dry goods and goods‘of - every description; crockery; Jersey poicc lain aoffcarthenware, and hundreds of other articles which want of space wjll not permit ns to mention here. Tte mineral resources of the country are largely represented. There is gold from Colorado and other Territories and from the State?, while silver, copper, iron and lead, in fact the entire American mmerolo**icai king dom, are not overlooked. " A planing machine, weighing forty tons, a 41V9. re , , 1 mt(- habical Avoi k, is sent from Philadelphia. TbeGattting Battery, which * fa capable of killiugSGO of the enemy a min- • ute, is also on board the ship. This, it is ex pected, will take some of the dignity out of the needle gnu. • A remarkable pair of elk horns from Lou isville, and a number of cornstalks, each 17 feet in height, will give the Old World peo ple some knowledge ol the stature attained here by some of the members of the animal kingdom, and by some of the products of the soil. The space allotted to the Doited States is equal to 50,000 square feet. It is all Inside of the Palace,and Is divided into seven spaces —the division being caused by aisles or walks, running circularly around the Palace. There will be a reading-room and library . connected with the department, where visit ors from this country will always find the : principal daily and weekly American jour nals, and all of the Lest magazines and peri odicals. Mr. Derby some time ago gave notice that the lime had expired In which applications for the admission of articles fo the Exhihi tion would be received; but, owing lo the vast number of individuals, representing all the trades of the conntry, who desire to send articles, it has been found necessary to ex tend the time in order that the applications should all he properly and jnstlv dis posed of. J The Mercury will sail on Thursday next. No other vessel will be sent by the General Agent after the departure of the Mercury. Articles intended for the Exposition, subse quent to that time, must bo sent by steamer or by ship, under the direction of the parties who send them. Persons forwardlngarticles to the Exposition arc directed to take par ticular care to send to the General Agent no-, tlccs of “shipments, with the shipping re ceipts and a detailed list of the contents of each box or package. In all cases where boxes are used, they should be put together with screws, so that they may be takenapart without injury, stored during the time of the Exhibition, and be ready for use again after the same is closed. If, from whatever cause, any successful applicant should be unable to forward h!s articles, he mast notify the Gen eral Agent at once, so that the sime may be withdrawn from the catalogue which is uow being printed. mysterious murder of n Tcun" Lady at Dajion, Ohio. [From the Sandusky (Ohio) Register, Jan. 12.] On Friday evening of last week a young lady named Christine Keel whs murdered in Dayton. The Journo/ says the brother of the unfortunate cirl, on going home In the eve* nlng.diacovcred the body of his sister lying on # the floor, which was covered with her blood. A pistol was lying by her left side, and the right side of her head was terribly shat tered. Besides indication of powder, there were two terrible gashes upon the right side of the head, which could only have been made with some sharp instrument. A piece of her skull was found in the cellar. When found her feet were hanging over the cellar steps, and the head a few feet from the ccL. lar door. r The testimony at the Coroner’s inquest showed she was of excellent character; that she bad no trouble to vex her, but was of a lively and checrfol disposition. She had no beaux visiting her. There was no house ♦ nearer than three hundred yards from her residence. The mother of the girl was out at work, and the brother was also absent. Sho was alone during the whole afternoon. The pistol must have been placed close to her head, and the wounds In the scalp made by some sharp instrument. From the amount of blood on the floor she most have been killed before the shot was fired. No Instrument was fonnd on the premises by which these wounds could have been inflict cd. Neither bullet nor shot were found in the brain. Tracks, indicating the passage of a person to and from the house, through the back yard, were found In the snowl The father of the girl was a soldier in the Union , army, and was killed after having served two years. Fire at narshaH} rnieblgaii* [From the Detroit Tribune. January 14.] The stone flouring mill of H. J. Perrin, at Marshall, was discovered to bo on fire last Sunday evening, January 13th, about eleven o’clock, and before the flames could be ex tlngulshed.the contents were entirely con sumed. Nothing bat tho walls and wheel house now remain.. The safe and office books were saved. The mill was worth 110,000, and about $31,000 worth of grain was"* - stored therein. There was an Insurance of $30,000-on the mill, andsl9,ooo on the grain.# The cause of the Orels at present unknown.