Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 22, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 22, 1867 Page 2
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Clftcago DAILY, TKI-'WEEEXY ASD WEEKLY. OFFICE, No. CLABK.*T. Tfcere ere three r<UUota of toe TDsmr* iwaod. Uu terr nonunr, tor circuUUoo t»r c*rnai. oeinmcD too toe mall*. 3d. TbeTsi-Wsm.r, Monday*, Wed* eesdsya and Friday*, for toe m»tt* only; »ad to*- Wrxxlt, oa Tbundjiy*, for toe mail* tad ule at oar coaster aodbr newraen. Term* ofihe Cfclcaxo. Trlbuae; Dally aelivered in toe aty (do week) .3 *5 to'tcjil *m»crlber* (per* iaruS| P piy*’ Frt-Wo>-!y. (per astute. myubiVin'sdvi&ce) Mioo Weekly, (per uiaum. nanoc la *dr*oee)..... * on tST Fractional part* of toe year at toe use rate*. IT Perron* reauttiis sad orients* tire 'or more topic* of either toe Trl-Weekly or Weekly edition*, may retain ten per ceot of toe subscription prices* a commission. N one* to ordering toe addrsii ct voor p*p«rs rbanved, to prerrat del«y, 00 star* and jpemry wb*t edition you tak»<.weekly. Tri-Weekly, orDaPy. Also, jrtveytmrrKß*ST*ad/Btore addre** XT* Mosey, by Draft, Express, Moac? order*, oru Etctstered Letter*. mar be tent at oar risk. Addre**. TRIBUNE CO.. |U. TUESDAY, JANUARY 23, ISO 7. A FRENCH REVOLUTION. The Atlantic Cable brings ns news of the most important event that has taken place in Europe for mauy years. It.is nothing less than the partial enfranchisement of the French people, by act of the Emperor—or in other words, a peaceful revolution in a country of bloody revolutions. The intelli gence is that the Emperor has decreed that henceforward the Legislative address to the speech from tbc throne will be dis continued ; thus relieving that body of the necessity of being discourteous in saying un kind things, or of saying pleasant things when they do not mean them. He grants, also, to the Legislative body the right of questioning the Government as to tbc discharge of its dnUcs; emancipates the press to the extent of permitting pub* lishers to he tried before the ordinary courts of the country, and not by summary pro. ccedings before officers of the Crown. He has reduced the stamp duties. The right of the people to meet and discuss public ques tions Is conceded to the same extent that it is in this country—being limited only by the regulations to keep the peace. TVe do not believe that there has been a reform or a concession to popular right secured in Europe (except in England) during this century, that was not extorted by actaa: violence or tbc fear of fore.*. To all appearances, Napoleon has as littic to dread from an attempt at revolution as any monarch in Europe;therefore this concession Is the more remarkable. There are not many instances where absolute power has voluntarily conceded great privileges to the people- The concessions In this case are all of the most important character, but the : greatest is the enlargement 01 the freedom of the legislative bodies ami oftbc press. Louis Napoleon is not a man who acts without a motive. He £s not a man who Is governed by generous Impulses, or who fa vors liberty for liberty’s sake. lie has shown that he can take from the people their free when it answers his ends, without the slightest remorse. Nor can it he expected 01 him that he has thus graciously granted privileges unless there be a motive there for founded upon some .personal interest. Louis Napoleon is now uearug sixty years of age; it is understood that his general health is to impaired Unit he cannot reason ably expect many years more of life- Nest to his own ambition is that of a desire to make the Eoaapartcs a dynasty. That was an end for which his uncle would have sacri ficed everything else. The treaties of ISI3 branded that family as beyond the pale of re cognition. These treaties were founded upon tbc theory of legitimacy, and the French Emperor has been engaged in a life-long struggle against that theory. He claims that his uuclc became the Sovereign of France.by the free action of the people; this free choice was repeated in the case of the present Emperor. The Bouapartes, ho claiirs f have been proclaimed by :hc French .vs the Sovereign family of the nation. The Empcior has but one child, a boy of ten or eleven years of ago. All tbe hopes and am bition of tbe father for the future arc centred iu having this boy succeed him on the thicnc. It may be that this concession to freedom is but one of a eerie? or measures looking to a conciliation of the people toward this lad. It may be that the French Emperor thjpks that the? people would fuel more favorably toward tbe son, if the memory of the father was associated with liberal measures, than they would if they remembered him as a despot. Be the motive what It may, this decree Is ? ..i>elho less important. It cannot fall to have an immense and controlling effect in the reconstruction which is going on in all parts of Europe. It is of more signifi cance than a popular rising In Paris or Vi enna. It Is a reform accomplished la a day; it is a reform granted by lbs ruler to his people ; and, while it falls far short of what we may deem the measure of popular libcr ■ tj. it is a substantial boon, which cannot be long withheld iu other lands by other rulers. ANOVii^U 'AII re K AT* I Lo P.N-tident during bis Western trip last rej-Umber, repeatedly threatened the people wiih another civil war, in ease they re-elec ted a radical Coigress. On the eighth ol January the President, nt a public dinner Izi Wef-hirglon, read a statement dvclaringthat certain measutes pending before Congress, were unconstitutional, and would only be supported by enemies of the country. A. J. llogers, a Democratic member of Congress from New Jersey, at the same meeting dc elaicd that If Congress persisted In its measures, be was tor calling upon tbc aiiuy and navy to sustain the President, Mi .Janies Brooks, another Democratic mem ber of Congress Irom Sew York, on Hie same day declared that if Congress bhou'd under take lo impeach the Pn sklent, the Dcnoc ;jf y. with arms in their hand?, woo'd go to Wa-bhigion by lens to sis ain Um. 'When the proposition to impeach the President was pICP-.'scd, a statement sj». p-.ai'd :n two of the Sow York papers, be- Inc telco: aph' d. trom Washington, to the cffccl ihat National‘ccurilies bad fallen in Europe, and would be sent back to this country, became of the agitation of the im peachment. This statement it now appears was not only false in itself, but was actually lurnishtd to the correspondents by the Pres ident himself, and published at hisrcque<t. Tbc latest form in which the President has appeared in this game of brag, bullying and blunter, is the following from his special organ at Washington. That paper says: -If ttccctary, its ttrong and Iron baud *lll be in' f-ked to stay the course and prev. ut the con elimination of ibuileal treason. The great oatti of lie P;esidcoitoprotect and defend the Ooastttn tint will rot be forgotten, and the people who Fiiftoin biro will* their JWiJdys majority t o: the vo:- ui" votialailou, North and South, will nor forger Mu;.’ Events have already brought the Gjvern mml to lb© very verge of another revolution. If Itsdical r.iHjontv in Congress pursue- It* inn f n<*hle cortrso much longer, Uie (iovoraioen , in or<*.cr t<» sustain itself will hare ‘O arm its sop oertoff- At the call of the President, all Ins friends North and South, and • toe army and n;vy will respond. In atxcb a contest ti e issue cannot !><• dnuvilul. Conercssmeii may be valiant light er*. or. the i!oor ol Coi.grerf, bat whenjiluw corns ,o lead tocli cohorts into the field, U will be an other lldr The :cal armies ami great soldiers O' th* lleucbir wilt be found figlniag under taeibig. We od'iw’ the opposition of the Jeterjamed and fixed fact that Andrew Johnson will serve out lus presldenilsl it rw of office.” Ctminicutina upon this the Chicago Tim's “It 1.-* rcsFonshlu to impposc that the above was written bv authority, atd ihotlhcpnrpose of ihc pierid'-nC as thatch, expressed, was not loaned wiibci:tccc>-u]t:Jti&attuheucnofllccr9 0i the ar my mti ca%y a* can tall; around them a large xna.nrry uI the late soldiers of the Union/* All tW i» mere blotter- It Is a weak at tempt to bully and frighten Congress, from Us policy. The Northern peoulc do not 1 want ncivU war now, any more than they did In IS6I. They wete then threatened fear a civil war if they elected Lincoln, and they were not driven from their purpose or duty by tbc threat. They will' not now be diverted from their dut y by any fear of war to be Instigated by Andrew Johnson or Ihc Democratic parly. The Southern people, rebels ns they arc, and greatly as they womd rejoice at a North ern rebellion, understand this business very thoroughly. They have had a ripe experi ence of the hollowness of Democratic profes sions in-lbe way of fighting. Though during tbelburvcais warthere were traitorsallover the North, but very few of them .dared raise an arm In behalf of their Southern brethren. The Southern press treat these threats with deserved contempt, and the ilacou (Georgia) Mttur.gcr well says; “Bluffing may b- a very cood practice In so reckless a came a» *» n °w cmacot., bat we bez leave to suggest that It Jberca ruiw to beany Tnnre lighting on-lbll fide of the lolomnc. wo SSSI torn it over to the Nor.here t»r*l-.n-n S«)y. and be counted out. There's eo many ... thenu that only a small population were able to In the war of lh« rebellion, and It I* not therefore, that they should be SDolUn m? another oprortuoliy. Not so with tbs people KSS sice ol the Potomac Every man who wanted to fight was provided the fhtlc-c op- Sortuoity for the gratlflcaUonof his appetite, and ffc result!* WC wart no more ja-tnow VTebad SSiSr'tbcr raise com, meat and cotton, and do what we eau to repair our d Japtdftlcd amines, 55n take « band In any new involution There need be no alarm that Congress will be terrified bj these threats. The country expects it, and Las Insti acted It to provide lepal Governments for the rebel Slates in piece of the monstrosities which Johnson has erected there, and that Congress will do this we have no doubt- Then, If anyone proposes to fight about the matter, the peo ple will attend to that when the emergency is presented. Tbc statement that the President has the assurance of support from the officers of tbo army and . nayf, Is, on its -free . a falsehood. Tlicst officer* know the Jaw, and they know which Js thclsw-maklng power. They knowibal the President 1* as subject to ihc , law as they oro, and that his violation of it, or'his order to them to violate It, Is no authority /or them to place their necks In the halter. However fiirbcaring and mcrctful tbo people may have been to the rebels of tbe lost war, there U not an officer of the army or navy whodocsnot knowthat-the- m*n who(un dertakes the game of trcasotFbgalnVill hire a'short ehrifl at the hands of the 'American people. _ • ; COKGBKhS Ai%D TUB BUPRBBIR COURT. Mr. "WDllams, from the Jodiclary Commit tee of the House of Representatives, has re ported one of the most important bills that will come bciorc this Congress, in relation to proceedings In the Supreme Court of the United -States. ‘lt proposes to require that all coses of appeal shall- bo beard by a full bench, and that the decision shall be unani mous. The Constitution -clearly confer* upon Congress the power to regulate the proceedings of the Supreme Court in the exercise of its sppellaio jurisdiction And the principle embodied in Mr. Williams’ bill Is essentially ttaosanmas that proposed by the Illinois Stoats ZeUung , some weeks since, and subsequently advocated m our columns. TVo think it probable, however, that on careful consideration of the subject* it‘may be deemed best to make some changes in the details. It may hot be thought desira ble to require a unanimous vote of all the Judges, for Instance, to decide an ordinary esse oUitlgation between private parties. In which no unsettled points of constitu tional law arc to he considered. However it Is undoubtedly within the constitutional power of Congress to go oven as iar os ; Is proposed.by Mr, "Williams, and wc donbfc not the measure will receive the careful consid eration its great importance-deserves. We have full faith in tbc wisdom and patriotism of Congress, and believe that a step will be taken in this matter, perfectly within the limits of tbc Constitution, which will yet prove ample to protect the country from the evils that must and will follow in the foot steps of such a system as has been inaugu rated in the case of Milligan and tie test oath cases, if that system is carried out and perfected, and the perni cious doctrines there announced clotled with the authority of judicial precedents. No doty devolves on Congress more sacred or more important than to exercise Us legiti mate authority in this matter, and to show these Judges lhat however ambitious they may be to make themselves the real leglsla tore of the country, the Constitution has made them subordinate to the Will of the people, and that they arc supreme only within the legitimate bounds ofthclr authority. Thcbest and speediest method of protecting the lojal men of the nation from the tyranny and usurpations evidently med itateJ and predetermined by a majority of the Court, is to be found in some such mcasuieatihat reported by Mr. Williams. U will probably accomplish all that is dc sired; lor, apart from divesting the Supreme Court ol thcillegitlmateautUorltvit seeks to c-xcrcise, contrary to the spirit if not the letter of the Constitution, there is no desire to interfere with this tribunal. It must not be allowed to become the political power of the nation. That power belongs sacredly to the jicoplc, and they alone can wield it law fully-through their representatives.' wool—A COUPUOiTUsL X'UOPOSED* Commissioner Wells, In the unanswerable chapter of his report 00 the wool qtJbation {•roves that the adoption of the proposed tariff on wool and woollens will increase the wholesale cost, of the woollen goods con* sum; d by the people of the United States nearly forty millions per annum, iu gold. Add 50 per cent to this sum, for retailers profits and other Charges, aud It la seen that the proposed bill will fleece the people of the United States who purchase woollen goods out of sixty millions of dollars par annum, in gold value. Commissioner Wells shows that the mar ket price ol the whole clip of American wool in ISCO was but fifty millions of dollar? in currency or thirty-sis millions in gold. The wool lobby claim' that the passage of their Mil will add 20 per cent to the price of wool. Admit this to be true, ft resu’ts thus: In order to put eight million* of dollars ln»o the pockets of the wool irroucrs/forly millions must be added to the wholesale price of woollen goods in the Uni ted States, and sixty millions must be extracted from the pockets of the whole } ooplc. ,Vow, we hare a compromise to propose to ? I t* wool-lobby which, if accepted, will se cure them all they ask, and will save the people of the United States fifty millions of dollars per annum. IVc.wish to see wool growing prosper and nourish, and will advo cate any measure calculated to promote that interest, provided that other and greater in terests arc not made to suffer thereby. Oar proposition is this: That tjic proposed bill be withdrawn from Congress, and the in crease of duly levied by the Act of July 2d, ISM (which the wool growers claim has done Hu mno good), be repealed; and that a di rect appropriation of eight millions of dollars be voted out of the Treasury of tbe United States, and paid over to the wool growers, as a bounty on Ihcir business, aftorlhcmanneroftbc fishing bounties or premiums on wolfscalns. The wool clip tu the whole United States inlSCOwas 00,511,813 pounds. 'Estimating the* increase since theo -ft 2J per cent, the* present clip would bs pbout 78,001,001 of pennds. A bounty of eight millions of dollars *ould pay nearly txcdve cents per pound to the wcol growers. This*would be so much certain profit and clear gain. The proposed charge in the tariff may not advance the price of wool as anticipated, and next year we may have the same struggle for more tar ill; but tbc.bounty we suggest leaves noth ing to doubt or uncertainty, as it makes a sure thing of taking $3,000,000 out of the pockets of the farmers, mechanics, laborers, lawyers and of the United States, and transferring it to the pockets of the sheep-raisers. The great advantage of the opeiaiion Is, that it will save the people more than fifty millions of dollars on the price of their clothing per annum, to p*y this bounty directly out of Hie National Treasury rather than to so incicasc the tariff as to make the clothing of the people cost them $00,000,000 extra per year. We submit this proposition to the ITon. JeeSah B. Urinncil, ol lowa, and the lion. John Wemworth, of Summit, Coak County, Illinois, both large wool growers, and, there fore, directly interested in making the clothing of the people os dear as possible. We Mibiuit it to them, os the interested champions of the proposed hill, in the fond hope that they will accept it m good faith, and withdraw the bill to make tbc clothes of the people thirty-three per cent dearer than heretofore, if the people can save eighty cents <m the dollar by paying the bounty di i telly out of the Treasury, of coarse they will endorse our plan; and if the wool men »an teeme their twelve cents perpound of bounty, above the market price of wool, of course they ought to he satisfied, and should t <>L insist oDthcpubliciosingbixdoliarsin or der that they may gain one dollar. Thus the Interests of both sides will bo served, and »verythir-g will be lovely. TBI! s'tiST O ATU CASE. A fuller report of the decision of the Supreme Court in the test oath eases than was given by the telegraph, famishes the means of arriving at u pretty satisfactory understanding of the points determined, and of the reasoning of the Judges. We may here say, however, that this fuller report has ai to manner changed onr first impres sions of the decision, hut, ou the contrary, has strengthened uud confirmed them. There wore two eases. One, that of John A. Cum mins, involved the constitutionality of the iclieions test oath required of ministers of the gospel. by the law* of Missouri. The other, of which we shall more particularly speak In this article, was the ease of Gar •und, of Arkansas, and involved the consti tutionality of the act of Congress, requiring an oath of attorneys and counsellors at law i practicing cr Recking to practice in the Courts of the United States. Garland- “ se ceded” trotu the Union with bis State, and was, first, a member of the Arkansas House <>f Representatives after secession, and aflcr- Vunis a member of the Confederate Slates i'enatc. In July, ISCS, he was pardoned by President Johnson. The act of Congress es tablishing a-test oath for attorneys was parsed ou the 21th of January, ISGo, and was supplementary to the act of July 2d, 16C2, prescribing an oath for persons electedorappoinlcd to office under the Gov ernment, either In the civil, military, or naval department of thcscrvlce. By.'thcact oi ISCS, it was dec'ared that no person should be admitted to practice in the Courts of the United Slates,—“or be allowed to “ appear and be beard in any such Court, by “ virtue of any previous admission, or any “ special power • of attorney,” unless he should first take the pre scribed oath. This oath re quired him to swear that be had never vol untarily borne arms against the United States since being .a citizen thereof; that he had voluntarily given noaid, countenance •counsel or encouragement to persona en gaged in armed hostility thereto; that he had neither sought nor accepted, nor at tempted to exercise.the fractions-of any office, whatever, under any authority, or pre tended authority, iu hostility to tho United States, and that ho had not yielded a voluntary support to any pretended Government, authority, power or Constitu tion withln.tbc United States, hostile or in imical thereto. Of coarse Garland could not take this oath, and he asked the Supreme Court to permit him to continue to practice os an attorney and counsellor of the Court without taking It- He rested hisappiieatloa .on the groundj first, that the'act'of Congress requiring him to take this oath was uncon stitutional; and, second, that, even If It were constitutional, (be -pardon of the Presi dent rehased him from ’a compliance with Its requirements. The majority of the Court decided that Garland’s application must be granted'on both grounds; that tho act of Congress was unconstitutional and void, and that tho pardon of the President did re* lease him from the requirements of the law, even If It were valid. The reason given for these views may bo very briefly stated. The Court held that the act Is in the nature of an ex-post facto lav; that it prescribes a punishment for past offences that did not exist at the time the ofleuccs were committed;,that since the pro scribed oath cannot bo taken by*persons who' have offended in any of the matters it de scribes, it operates as a perpetual exclusion, and that this exclusion can be regarded In no other light than'as.a'panishmjnC for such offences. The Jaw Is denounced by theCoart as an cx-post facto lavs, and also as against that dance of tbo Constitution inhibiting bills of attainder. The right to practice la a Court, alter admission to the bar. It la do • dared, can only bo-taken away by the itself, locimruorator unprofessional conduct on the part of lh'o attorney.* * - We believe that this reasoning is altogether at fault, and is. quite, contrary to the rules of sound legal Interpretation and of common sense. In cvcry Statu of the Union the law requires that one must possess-certain qual ifications before he can bo admitted to prac tice in courts of record. He mast possessa sufficient inawlcdgc.oftbe ,Xaw v and a good tnofal character. - This Is a provision of the statute, and not a rule of the court; and no court dan ’admit an applicant to practice without certifying that ho has been examined and found to posses the qualifications required by the law-mak ing power. In the Courts of the United Stales, the fact of admission to practice In the highest Court of a State, Is accepted as evidence oftbc necessary legal qualifications and the motion of an attorney of good stand* ing to -admit another possessing a State di pldma, Is regarded as sufficient evidence that the applicant possesses fair moral character. Tbc method of ascertaining the applicant's qualifications Is (Ufferent, hut the qualifica tions ire nevertheless required. Congress, by the act of 1759, simply declared tint in all courts of the United States, parties might plead “ their own causes personally, or by “ the assistance of such counsel or attorneys “at law as by the rules ol the said courts “ respectively shall he permitted to manage “ and conduct causes therein thus leav ing the courts of the United States to establish their own rules for the admission of attorneys. But Its power to establish rules by law, Lad it seen lit, is unquestionable, and is. In fact, expressly admitted by the Court in the present instance, it might have said that no one who had participated in the war against the Colonics should be admitted, or thatanyonenotpossessing good moral char- 1 octcr, ornccessary legal learning, should be admit ted—it might, in fact, have required any qualification It thought best to require. The Congress of ISCS, intbc exercise of this au thority, established loyalty as a necessary qualification, end‘aid the evidence by which the court should become satisfied of the ap plicant's possession of it, should be the oath oftbc applicant himself, who sbonld be lia ble to the penalties of perjury, on conviction of taking the oath falsely. To say that this was an expoft facto law, or that it establishes a punishment for crime, is*, in our opinion, an absurdity only surpassed by the declara tion of the Court that It is an attainder. Congress said in substance to the Courts: “Heretofore we have left these mat ters to your own discretion, but now the . time has come when we deem H proper to establish a rule by law —a rule thot no oce who is, or lias been, en gaged In rebellion against tu6 Government, be regarded as qualified to practice in its Courts.” But five Judges tell us that to require this oath is to assume thot the appli cant Is guilty. As well might they tell us thU I'' require a member of the Legislature to sucar to uphold the Constitution, is to adjrdire him guilty of an Intention to violate that instrument- That attorneys are officers of a Court, la admitted; but the Judges tell us they arc not officers of the United States- In other words, Congress can control the Court itself In all matters within the scope of Us author ity ,* hut it cannot control the officers of that Court, and the officer of a Court Is beyond the reach of the power that can reach the Court itself. This proposition will not bear the light. If Congress can control i*s offi cers it can control their deputies. The Judges tell us it is a rule of the common law that it rests exclusively with the Courts to determine who Is qualified to become one of its officers and tor what causes he ought to be removrd. But this same tribunal has re peatedly told us there is no common law in this country; and certainly there is none that can be enforced os above statute law; ’but if this decision Is sound, the English common law is better authority la this country Ilian the acts of Congress. Cilice this oath is nob a punish incut, but simply a rule establish ing a qualification for attorneys, of course the President’s pardon can in no manner affect it. A pardon is a shield against punishment lor the offence forgiven, but it is no more an excuse for Inability to take an oath than it is for inability to pay a tax; and »1 ardoned rebel has no-more right to de mand admittance to the bar on showing bis lat don than he lias tq demand admittance to a theatre wiThflui paying tor a ticket. '&RAWING TUB vfiiltA UOUSG, A large mipibcr of estimable people, moved by a love ol the line arts or a penchant for gambling, assembled In a spacious room on Washington street yesterday and participated in a lottery'. As only ono person drew the Opera Jlonscit is presumed that the remain ing two hundred thousand, more or less, in vmio s j aits of the United States, arc ready l« receive a hint that they have been engaged in a sorry They have hot only squandered their money, but they have set a bad example to their children and to their poorer and less enlighten dc neighbors. They have also violated one of H e !awr‘ of the State- The statute against lotteries is founded upon the clearest princi ples of public morality; and while the pen alt!cs v of the law arc visited only upon those who sell tbc tickets, it requires no ar gument to show that all who lend their names and influence to the promotion of lot tery schemes arc equally guilty, in a moral point of view, with those who actually en gage lu the business and enjoy its profits. How far the acknowledged evils of lotteries are mitigated or excused by the object for which they arc carried bn, in particular cases, wo will not undertake to say. The main purpose in all such schemes Is to get money without restoring an equivalent, and to spread the aggregate loss over so large a aurface that no one shall feel par ticularly abused when the result is declared. It is our opinion decidedly that there was nothing In the, attendant circumstances of the late Opera House raflle, or “Art Asso-* ; elation,” as !t was delicately termed, to make it any more or less than a gambling operation on a large scale, conducted in violation oflaw andto the prejudice of good morals. THE KANSAS Cllli A: C.ISTERON UAILUOAU. A committee ot gentlemen from Kansas City will be in Chicago to day, for tbo.pur pose of securing the meana to complete the “ Cameron Railroad.” This projected road is orly fifty miles in length, and, running northwesterly Irom Kansas City to Cameron, ■ on the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad, will give Chicago continuous railroad coimuuai cation to Kansas City. At that point it will !■ connect with tbc Kansas branco of the Pa. I cific-Bcad, which is already open to Fort 1 Riley,. A bare statement of these tacts is sufficient to show the great importance of this road. Short as it Is It will open up to Chicago the commerce of a vast stretch of country, destined at no distant day to take rank amongiho most productive and wealthy sections of the West. Kansas City, thus far unaided, has carried on the work of building this road, and has it now almost graded for the iron. This enterprisingtown, numbering now about fifteen thousand In habitants, and the County of Clay, have ex pended about fonr hundred thon?nnd dollars on the work. Contracts have been made with tbc Chicago, .Burlington & Quincy and tbc Cannibal & St. Joseph roads to guarantee the payment of the first mortgage bonds, to an amount sufficient to iron' tbc road and build the bridge over the Missouri River. But tbc people of Kansas City have still some grading to do, and the tics to furnish, and they hare also to lay the track. It requires a hundred thousand dol lars to do all this, and Kansas City proposes to raise this amount by selling her bonds. ’ The gentlemen now. here from that city, 1 will call orfonr merchants with- this view. * The bonds bear eight per cent interest, and tbc rapid growth of Kansas City is a suffi cient guarantee that the money invested In 3 them will be perfectly secure. Thus, with out detriment to their immediate personal interest*, oaf business men hive an oppor-' tunlty to confer a benefit on tbc commu nity, and to aid in an enterprise which will largely add to the commerce of the city. | £57“ The friends of the railroad monopo lists have “selected a very crude,' Immature, and impracticable bill said to have been In troduced Into tbo Legislature upon the sub ject of railroad freights,'and arc holding its deformities ; up to public condemnation, as tbc deformities of tbo general proposition inai the Slate has, and should exercise, the power of regulating by law the charges for freight. No each bill os tbc one which the railroad organs arc assailing will pass. Tbo opponent* - ©/ monopoly will' In a few days have tbc measure appropriate to tbc evil so far matured that It will be formally present ed to tbc Legislature, which will unques tionably pass It. . / m , £s?Thetcn Arkansas traveller*,,who were * recently sent to Washington by the so-called Legislature of that State, to learn what tho President thinks and "what Congress thinks, have*announced that “they‘do • not wholly “give up Congress nslost to all sense, Justice, ‘•jatrioHsm and decency.” No doubt Con gress will f. ol under great obligation to them ibr this opinion. FROM WASHINGTON. One of the Powers Behind the. Supreme Court. y A,Significant Speech. Shall We Pay for fixe'Slates of Kexx tacky and Maryland T v N.' N/ -V General Loan’s Charges Against the President [Special Correspondence of the' Chicago WasruxoroK, D. C., January 16. I must call your attention to the speech made by ex-Attorney General Black, at the Democratic banquet in this city, on the Bth Inst. IBs words, as reported by persons who heard them, caused comment at once: but, knowing how easy It is for banqueters* to misunderstand or mlsremcmbcr post-pran dial speeches, I didn’t think It worth while to alludo to them. Mr. Black has, just now however, lurnlshed one of the newspapers with his own version thcieof, and the mat ter, therefore, becomes nubile property. Ho responded to the toast complimentary oftbc Supreme Court, the late decision in the In diana conspiracy case giving him a peg on which to hang his remarks. 0 The Court was, of course, extravagantly praised. It was declared to be the duty of every Christian man in America—Judge Black Is a man of such exemplary piety!— “the duty of every Christian man in America to put up a xnorsliig and evening prayer for the long life oftho Judges, for the Court has saved us from nothing less than the over throw of our free Government.” This from the Attorney General who lurnlshed the old Pub. Fnnc. with the brilliant Union-savin'” doctrine that States hud no right to secede and Government no rightorpower to prevent them from seceding! There is one sentence In tbc speech that could only have been ut tered when the wine was in and the wit was out. After saying the Court was uqanimous in deciding the question before it, and that on a merely speculative point outside the record there was a difsent, he adds, rcfpect* ir.g the Chief Justice and the three Associate Justices who concurred with him: “(Aem»- noritp ica* urontj, of course, as aU minorities ore,” This from a man who has been in a political minority ever since the war begun—from a man supporting a policy condemned in the last election by 500,000 majority—from a man whose friends have a minority of less than one-third in each house of Congress? The pith of the speech docs not, however lie in anything yet quoted. It seems to have bad but one purpose from beginning to cud, viz.: to compliment Mr. Justice Davis; atd this is the way that was done; “Baton©among the Judges Is primus i»t*r pares, not because he Is bflter or greater than the others, but because Le is more fortunate. He was relscted as the organ of toe majority, and save expression to toeir judgment. The thoughts tlict breathe and the woAa that burn all over that opi/Jon are his thoughts and Lis woids. Ihe irresistible Ibirlc wLlcb goes tarongh all adverse arguments, and therehciiyot illustration which makes the whole subject blaze with llch*,are all bis own. That great pi cduchon will be a guide and a landmark for nil future trine; indemlths Us author tare re r with the sacred cause ol ccm-iiuttioLfll liberty, and makes h'R ol© oftbc few, the Immortal tames not horn to dio.” These ■words, as I have said, cause much talk in seme social and political circles, be cause they give point nud significance to an assertion ireqntntly inode during the last yoaraeda half. It is known to everybody wli« has cared to inquire or observe, that Justice Davis and Judge Black are on very Intimate' terms; and Western men who* knew Mr. Davis bclore he-vras raised to the Supreme bench, have been in the habit of so\irg, sometimes jocularly and sometimes indignantly, that “Judge Davis had taken old Black as Lis constitutional adviser.” These gentlemen claimed, before the test oath decisions were made, to find warrant. for their worst suspicions in the extravagant compliments o/ Judge Black’s banquet speech. 1 must also call your attention to the ac tion of Congress with respect to paying money for such Border State slaves as were drafted or enlisted into the army alter Feb ruary 24th, W.4—that being the date oi the act under which Commissioners were ap pointed by the Secretary of War to audit the claims of masters in Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky and Missouri, and award compensation at the maximum rate of three hundred dollars per negro to loyal owners. The Senate originated, and the House concurred with that body In pas«ing, on the 7th Inst., a bill directing that the re port of these Commissioners be made to Congress instead of to the Presi dent, and providing that no money shall be paid on the awards till such report has been approved by Congress. The pur pose of this bill is plain enough, and it was very significant that it should originate In the Senate. The House, always readier than the Senate to catch, and answer to the drift of popular sentiment, was not satisfied with a measure going but half way toward a de sired end; and accordingly Mr. Cook, of the Ottawa District, who does a great deal of good work in a very quiet fashion, drew up a bill suspending the operation of this act of February. ISC4, and at once terminating the duties oi .the Commissioners aopoTntcd thereunder. This bill received‘the cn doiscmenl of the Judiciary Committee, *nd was put through the House on Monday hy something more than a two thirds vote. I believe it will pass the Sen ate before the end of the session. There was ample cause for the passage of the Mil originating in the Senate, ami pro bably the country will sustain Congress in passing that diawn up by Mr. Cook. Com* inhsiouers to pass upon the claims for slaves are now at work In Maryland and Kentucky, and perhaps in other States. In neither of the Slates named are they working in the interests of loyally, but, rather, in ihcsJo Interest of Johnsonlara. Hero, in Maryland, ninetccen claimants out of every twenty arc found to be “loyal*’—and this, too, in some of these Eastern Shore counties wherein, os every Intelligent man In. Wash ington knows, nohody but rebel sympathi zers lived during the war. It would astound you to learn, by conversation with Maryland ers temporarily in the city, how loyal their Slate was from first to last of “our late troul lcs.” if I tray use the delicate words of Justice Davie. 1 nave talked with so many of them that I begin to doubt if there was ■ ever a inceacre of soldiers in Baltimore, ever an arrest of the Maryland Legislature, ever a great den of spies and blockade-runners and rebel agents and mull 'carriers down lu TVlice George and otherlowcr counties. Ma ryland was unquestionably one of ike most loyal Slates in the Union—at least nearly every man who owned slaves was loyal I It’s jost so in Kentucky, 1 hear. General Rousseau is managing mat ters there, and very few slave owners have any difficulty in establishing their pure and original loyalty. It wns fit, thcrciore, that Congress should take to itself the right to pass upon the reports of these Commissions, and to say when ami how nionov shall be paid thereon. Indeed, in view of the mau ner in which the law of 18*14 is being abused, 1 am not sure but it is fit that its operation should he suspended for a season. Of course •Kentucky will scold, but she Ims scolded continually for the last six years, and no one has been seriously harmed. A great dual of unnecessary fuss is making about the speech rend in the House ou Mon day last by General Ben. Loan. A modest mar enough,hcsuddenly finds himself famous •—infamous some name it—because another man is very stupid. Mr. Hole, of New York, who calls himself a Republican, and is, in tact, one of the readiest apologists for the President, called Mr. Loan to order for charging that Mr. Johnson was ft parly to the murder of Mr. Lincoln. Straightway persons and newspapers numberless assume that Mr.’ Loan made snch a charge, and thereupon waste much breath and some printers’ ink In indignant denunciation of the loading Missouri Radical. Mark now how plain*a talc shall put them down- Uerc U what he said: “Hie appeal to arras on the fart of the rebels -had railed; the onlvalternative lulliheroiron which they could hupo for success was fraud and treatherv. Experience had satisfied them that snch aeoiiciea could not bs successfully invoked so lone as the iuc •rruntible Lincoln guided tho flotiniCs ol the Republic; hut next to him in the Cited line of succession stood one who oy birth, education ana ass*, elation, was a Southern man— Hlile-long pro-slavery Democrat. Powerfully In fluenced bv all the giosecr animal Instmeuor onr ramie, withoutenunre or moral restraint, with a towering ambition, be was peculiarly and emi nently qualified to supply a necessity.which the rebel caaso’at that time required fnrlls ultimate success. -Tbs Jeroitlral leaders of the rebellion, realizing the signal and hopeless failure of their appeal to force for the success of their cansc,were quick to understand tboadvanugca offered them pytuch a person,occupying tncseconu qfficeln onr Government.- • They readily comprehended the moans necvstaryio reach and use such a sub ject : bnt one (rail life stood between him and the Chief Magistracy iof the Republic; •ml those . who could devise the horrors of AndereonvQtc. and Salisbury, and | Relic isle, and Libby, would not hesitate to ac- i comnlUh tltflr purposes by another murder, thoiMi it might be or him who was tbe highest, ibe greatest. and the best In the land, and hence •he assassination of Mr. Lincoln. The crime was committed, i &c,w.r wts made clw for ibe auc ce-t-loo; or asioefluV build, wielded and directed by a rebel band end pala for by rebel gold, made Andrew Johnson President of the United State? of America. The price that to was U> pay for hi* promotion was tnachcry to tne Republic and ridelity to the party of treason and rebellion.” ishcic any-Cliargc, direct or Indirect, that Mr. Johnson was a parly to Mr. Lincoln's murder. XI them Is, It Ilea beyond my In sight. If thcie Is, Mr. Loan didn’t know it when he wrote the words. Because Mr. Uale w as a dunce shall other men also be duuccs ? Mr. Loan may halt bcllcvothatthcPresident was one of Booth's associates, but he has never even hlnted'this belidf on tbe floor o: tbc House.* - . Israhl. la ilicltantan Slock Diminishing? (From News comes from-Massachusetts which we ate, on the wUolc,,sorxy to hear, Tlio towo. records, il Is said, show that In the first gen ctallon of settlers, when they wero English men, the average number ot children In a lamllv was debt or ten. In tne second, llnrdi and lonflh generations, the number, was seven or eight; In the fifth, five was the average niunb't} is the* alxth, !i was less than three. In the-present, which is sup posed to bo the seventh generation, the average number of offspring, is less than three even, and the deaths exceed in number the births. Meantime, tec* foreigners In* crease by immigration and by excess of births over deaths; and la about twemy-flve years, if things .go on ns at present, the ibrclgn.born population and the descendants of foreigners will be in a majority. The gradual progress of this diminution has been taken to prove that the vitality ahd virility of the old Puritan stock isciadnillT diminishing, Probably this Is not tmo or not trno to any very great extent. In the war jmt over, Massachusetts men, at may be proved by statistical records, showed no lack of endurance or-courage. Wo do not understand that complaint is made of tbt want of rHlby of the New Englanders, largely Massachusetts men, who have pco plea the West. -And U must be remembered, too. that the damaclng comparison of Mai sacLuselta parents with foreigners is drawp between -them- and people of tho Irish race, one _of the most prolific la the world. Wo suppose that the comfort In which tho Now Enslanflera lire and for many yearn hare lived, haa had the aamo effpef-upon pnpnlation (hero that a like condition ofthuura-hoa had latterly in franco and for »longer time In Switzerland —namely. It kept population nearly ata tlonaty. Giro a man a respectable position In life, and he dooa not wish hla children after him to occupy lower places. That this , consideration Is offeree Is a fact In political economy, Jest as It is a fact that when a man hr poverty and misery la eallafled that he cannot raise himself by any exertions he marries yon rig, and leayea many children to inherit hla wretched condition. “The Irish manufacture, that of-chlldrcn,” which Syd ney Smith specks of, was never more flour ishing than when tho manufacturers were most nbjcctly miserable. Ministers have lecn cited, a proof that these somewhat oc cult canses_aro to bo taken Into account thoneh wehavo never seen any statistics that w ould support the theory. They seem. It Is . ™Ji*Q E«t Into the. habit sofrelylng noon rrovidcnce and tbclr conaregatlons, and thns pcnerally havc a powlhl of offinrinc, were they more worldly-minded and careful ofwaysand means, they would have less need of carefnlness than too many ol them now have. The prndence of the Yankees, then has, in our opinion,- had most to do with bringing about a state of things which the rest of ns regret. And doubtless it would be correct, too,-to lay some portion of the blame upon the physical education, or want of it, ot the New England wdmen. THE BAXLBOAD QGESTfOX. Dow arc the People to Obtain Relief. Chicago, January 21,15C7 To the Editor of the Chlcigo Tribune: Tho war has made ua very familiar with flank movements. Suppose that by a direct legislative attack upon railroads, enjoining and prohibiting under penalties all that Is desired, in cither direction, the law Is made as stringent as anybody asks, how is It to be executed ? Plainly somebody must prose cute. Nobody cau suppose the railroads will not defend. Upon the plea that the new Jaws Impair the obligations of contracts, namely, the darters of the roads, the cases would be carried by them through the State Courts to the Supreme Court ol tho United Slates at Washington. From three to five years would be consumed before that court Of final resort on such questions would de cide whether the new laws were valid. Time is not the only thing that would be consumed, Money would be spent in no in considerable sums. Are yon intimatelv acquainted with any patriotic citizen who is walling lor the opportunity to engage In the contest ? Now. suppose there Is a more practical method for guttling indi vidual rights against corporate encroach ments. Juries arc not proverbial for strain leg a point in favor of railroads, when ciscs against them arc on trial. By the common law now in force in this State, railroads are common carriers, obliged to receive and carry with all reasonable speed, safety and convenience, and lor reasonable charges, all freight and passengers offered to mem at proper times and places. All questions os to what Is reasonable, both as to receiving and carrying, and the charges therefor, are for a jury to pass upon. Is there any danger that they will too favorably regard the rail roads? To illustrate: A farmer or grain buyer ships his grain from a ooint in the in terior of this Stale, consigned to himself or: anybody else at Chicago, without any agree-; mtnt os to the chargee, or when or where he is to get his grain here. He takes care how ever, that somebody who is competent to testify to the facta shall know personally the quantity and value of the giaiu, and how it was shipped. When it is time for the grain to be here the consignee goes to the in freight office and call fur his grain. lie is prepared to take it away. The ruiirond tells him : “ Here is a receipt for a quantity some bushels less to he sure than you sav that youshlnped, and one or two grades lower in quality thau you call yours, which you can have by pay ing two or three limes more than you think fair charges for carrying yourgrain, and with that iceeipt yon can go to the elevator from which it was istued, and by paying them what they charge, you can get, not the grain you sent, but some gram which we say, uud the elevator folks will tay, is as good aud as much as you shipped.” Or the railroad re fers him to the elevator men, who tell him substantially the same story. “Is there no remedy for this injustice?” cries the farmer or grain buyer, and echo all good people, aud when told •* Yes, sue the road,” they reply something about the came and candle, and good money after bad. This reply will doubt less continue to be made, ju a majority of the caste, so long as the wrong exists ; but if, occasionally, one would staud up for his rights, it would prevent the wrong from being perpetrated. Now iDr the flank move ment. It is u plain principle of justice that If my adversary docs me wrong or withholds my right, 1 ought not only to have redress, but at his expense, without cost to myself. There are quite a number of amiable gentle men in this city who arc willing to aid their fellow-citizens in obtaining justice, if they can make a fair living by so doing, Let the Legislature provide that the losing partv in a lawsuit shall pay the fair expenses of'his adversary, and thcrcwlll be no lack of teach ing, by Lome Icesons, from which no appeal to Washington IBs, by which railroads will ‘ learn that individuals have rights that they arc hound to respect. The illustration that 1 have used is, probably, not the happiest that might he made, but any case of lojn-tleo that offends the moral sense and common sense ol a fair business man will, in the hands of a capable attorney, become an illustration and a Case ix Point. STARTLING ROBBERY. A Merchant Sobbed of SIO,OOO In a JUollroad Car* [From the St. fouls RepubUem, January 19.] On the arrival of the 10 o'clock train on the Terre Haute Kailroad on Thursday night at the station in East St. Louis, a most sin* gular and daring robbery was devclooed. Tiicrc was on board the train a merchant from Litchfield, 111., who had with him a small carpet-hag containing nearly SIO,OOO, the proceeds of a sale of real estate made the previous day, which he was bringing with him to this city. On the arrival of the Itrainatthc station in East St. Louis, this Merchant, with the most extraordinary for getfulness, got up from his scat and left the car with the crowd of other passengers, neglecting to take with him the satchel con taining the money. He entered one of the Translcr oraulbussca la wait ing, and drove a distance of two or three squares, when he suddenly missed the bag, and springing out of the ’bus hurried buck to the train, which had uol yet moved off, and entered the car in which he bad been sitting, but could find no trace of the carpet sack. The alarm was immediately raised, and the merchant ran into the station-house to tell of hia loss, when he found the bag in the waiting room, with the sides ripped oiicn nud the jiackagcs contain turning the bills gone. The excitement that ensued on the discovery of the robbery, may bo well imagined. One of the railroad employes stated that he had found tne bag cut open in the car, and had brought it to the station house; but no trace of the rob bery could be found. Information was immediately conveyed to the police on this side of the river, and yes terday morning the detectives were busy in the mutter, but up to the present lime no re covery of prooerty nor arrest has been made. It Is aimosl impossible to conceive that a man could forget a bjg containing so large an amount, but nevertheless there seems no doubt that it actually occurred in this ease. The only possible explanation that can bo given, is that the merchant, whose name is given as Mr. A. Abiautn. had his brain some what confused from the influence of certain stininlauts.nUbonghit is stated that immedi ately alter the robbery he appeared perfect* ly sober. It is most probable that the robbery was commuted by some person who travelled la the same car, and was aware of the fact that Mr. A. had received the money and was car rying it with him. It is said he was cautioned before leaving home against taking so much money with him when travelling at night. Yesterday morning the conductor and brakesman had a lengthy interview with the Chief, but no light was thrown on the matter. It is most • probable tho robbery was perpetrated after the train bad stopped at the station, when most of the officials connected with It had left the cars, when the robber or robbers, taking advantage of the car being empty, ripped open the bog, and possessed them selves of the money, mingled with the crowd outside, and so effected their escape. All, however, at present la uncertainty, and time 1 alone cun develop the real facts. THE EBESIDEST'S 3IAJiSIOS. The TTlilte Boose In a New Garb—Great • improvements 'in Appeaiancc —Tlie .1* Bed,*’ “ Green ’* and ‘ { Blue V Par lors—'the Fimoai Bast Boom in Ito New lire*. (Washington UKrespondence of the 2fcw York 1 1 lines.] For a term of years extending back through Mr. Llrcoln’s and Buchanan's administra tions tbc manner in which the White House has been furnished, has been a matter of great chagrin to Americans who knew any-, thine regarding it. The appropriations made 1 by Congress lor repairs and new purchases were always insufficient, and were generally more than halt consumed In the payment of old claims rendered under and unsettled from previous constructs. Each succeeding season ■ found the mansion in a more dilapidated state than before, and In the hands of care less setvants, with the curtains, drapery,, and ornaments exposed to the greed of dls-I reputable relic hunters. It finally- become a ragged, dirty, shabby establishment, a dls*. grace to the nation and a byword among all! classes of Us frequenters. The goUdlng had been chipped off from many of the chairs and: solas, the bullion cut from the pendant -tas- : scls and drapery, the curtains exhibited the; marks of the relent.ess vigor of relic seekers’ in the way of .holes from which pieces of brocatel or damask bad been torn, the car* I ets were threadbare, ond even the walls and ceilings were-stained and the bright frescoes dimmed by long and constant nso without repair. The style of the furniture was old. the chain and the sofas being bard-cushioned, without soring*, ana stiff, though In their time,* long gone hy, they were imposing in general appearance. In different nooks and crannies were standing bits of broken or soiled up holstery, legs and arms of chairs, and alto gether It was a perfect curiosity shop, em bracing in its contents relies of different Ad ministrations since the year 1. Daring tho post few months, however, a change has been effected which will astonish the old haLUtut* when the gay season fairly com mences tills winter, as Commissioner Trench has seen fit to employ the assistance of skil ful and competent upholsterers, and first class artisans, in making the repairs author ized by Congress at Its last se:Bion. With the exception of tho “Red Room,” wh'ch Is the private parlor of the ladies of the house, the general characteristics of the Saylors have been unchanged. In It the cep rod velvet paper on tho walls has been replaced with colors not quite so somber and gloomy, with wainscoting* of crimson velvet and blight gildings on (he walls, suffi cient to entitle It to Ua old patronymic, and forming a tori entcmlfo perfectly charming and exceedingly Imooamg. The old faml turc having been repaired, and made mor. modem In Its appearance, with pliant french ■spr.ngs end-elegant brocatel coverings, re meins asof yore and retains It, crimson color. Tho curtains are made of braemtri with deep!*,,lode,.ted flgSxa? ani l bo .- Tn. Cd “f BO'd gallosns. 1- pendants -.from the, richly gUded cornices over the-tops of the: windows is hlso- of crimson 1 brocatel, and Is . ornamented a enpcrb 6 hh lon ’ , rn h d ct wWfe^ii?-d%^ : - ssa plfioglao,iSmirs, the B framSofSrtV<*hare been regildcd, have been cleaned and pol ished. • .. it?, 1 ??. Rcom undoubtedly--the gem of the house. It retains lia old color the furbishing, repapering* -regfldlne and general cleaning up wlilfch u has Bubmlttcd to, it now .appears brighter and more cheerful. The broad »° n h 11,0 bor< *ered with rich lines of rilt, bare been retouched, as have tbcbrUUant frescoesoverhead, and now the medallion pictures of Flora, War, Peace and Ceres, tn the celling, are as bright as erer. A great addition has been made to ts general appearance by an Improvement In the arrangement of tne curtain of the windows aod the chandeliers, by which a stronger flood ©flight than before permeates every comer, and renders It pleasant in the extreme. The inviting circular divan In the centre of the room has been recovered with bnght blue brocatel, and the flower vase which slandsln the centre has, like every, tblpg else requiring It, been regildcd. The curtains, draperies and furniture arc similar to those of the Bed Room in quality, and only differ from it in color. J The “ Green Boom,” under the Influence of the recent changes, presents much tho same appearance as ol old, except that it appeare fresher and more inviting. It is cleaner, the prnels and wainscoting are more distinct, the registers r re whiter, with more pleasing Gildings, and the ornaments are brighter It, like the other small parlors, is famished with brocato curtains and draperies, with heavy bullion tassels and purest while Irish linen window shades. The short passages between the parlors just described, and leading Into the “ East Room,” have also been subjected to great Improvement, while the “main hall," lo cated in thereat of the glass partition, which is the first object attracting the visitor’s at tention from the main entrance, and in which the busts of Lincoln, Fillmore and John Bright occupy niches, has been matted with soft matting, and carpeted with sound remnantsofihe old carpeting in the “East Room.” The “East Room” Itself Is, of coarse, the glory of-the mansion. The old papenngwas stripped from tbe walls, the chandeliers were taken donn, the large mirrors were also removed, tbe furniture cleared out, and after a thorough cleansing and wasbingaway of dust and dirt, which had been accumula ting for years, tbe painters did their work, 1

the paper-hangers spread over the rough walls a thin silk paper, on which brilliant designs have been painted and gilded, tho frames of tbe mirrors were renewed, the chandeliers were rcgHded and their broken gloss pendants replaced with perfect ones, and the furniture, having been revamped, re fringed, &c-, was replaced, and now tho room is, for tbe first time in many years, re spectable in appearance. In Atct, it is more than respectable, and seems recherche. The 1 windows are curtained with massive hn catel, indented and bordered like those of the “ Red Room,” but are a little deeper 1 crimson in color. The frescoes on the ceil- Inghave been untouched, and now appear bright and sparkling. The many jetted char dcllers, reflecting their brilliant lights through crystal globes, and long,' dioopiug glass pendants, all being re-, fleeted in turn a thousand rimes by the Immense mirrors placed exactly op posite each other, produce an effect which is worthy ofthe executive mansion of our Chief Magistrate, litre, in this room where the' bcautiiul and the brave, the honored and the gay of onr nation hare for two generations; paid homage to the different men who have occupied the White House, we have for the flict time in the memory of a moderately old inhabitant, a fitness of arrangements which Is creditable. Axroicster carpets cover the Doors of all the parlors, while that of tho "State dining room” Is rich Brussels. Like all.the rest ot; the house, this last mentioned room' is also improved. Tbe long, wide tabic, at which so many of the great minds nl the most prominent men of our own aud other nations have congregated, has been repaired and varnished. The windows have hctu newly curtained and the chimney ornaments newly gilded. The life-size paint lug of Washington, by Trumbull, which was cut out ol its frame as it bung In tbe Capitol by Mrs. Madison, when the British captuied the city, has been reframed aud cleaned, aud now forms a prominent feature in liic appointments of the room. The side boards, chairs and furniture of every descrip tion, all show the beneficent influence of varulsU and fresh painting. SUICIDE. ACcntncky Soldier Poisons fllmiclf- XltH Last Letter to HLs Friend*. [From the Cincinnati Commercial, Jacnary 19.] About midnight last Thursday night Coro ner Emraert was called upon to hold an In quest at the Spencer House, on the body of a man found dead iu bis room. From the testimony of Mr. Pitts, the chief clerk of the bouse. It was learned that at about 2 o’clock Thursday morning the deceased arrived at the hotel and registered Ms name as A. B. Masoncr, and pa*d in advance tor bis lodging and breakfast, having no baggage. Alter breakfast Thursday morning the deceased left the bouse and was seen no more till about 10 o’clock m the evening, when Mr. Pitts sent a servant up to the room to see if it was meant, wbcu the door was found fastened, and the servant could ob tain no answer to his repeated raps. Mr. Pitts then went to ■ the room himself, and, with a skeleton key, suc ceeded lu opening the door, and found the deceased lying on the bed* wit his thee froth ing at the month. Dr. Miller was immedi ately called Id, and after examining the man p. ouonnccd him dead. A vial, partly tilled with'morshld, was found on the stand; also the papers, of which the following arc copies; Smiern llacstt. -January IG, IS 7. “Farewell, blends. Jam c-olueto die. 1 hare taken fortydebt grains of morphia. 1 want to.be burled In the honors of war, if there are military incp In tbeciiy sufficient to bury .men. I served inobovernmenlfoiipjcanroiidb tier. My friends live at Falmouth, Kentucky, 1 lod all I was M.-rlb. 1 should like John Current sad John Cook, of Kuddfcll Hills, bourbon Count?. Ken tucky, to adeed my funeral, My love to T, E. Willett, Douroon County. I also request Ibe dif ferent editors of the papers not to say any thing abcttl mi untimely death. My sisters will take all 1 leave. I have some vouchers in the bunds of Mr. Schuster, comer of Third and Main s(reeh«, Cincinnati; also, eome with Mr. Parociorc, Narhvillc. I Ica\c :hc world hippv. and may God have mercy on luysonl. Arthur 8. Masoneh. . The foregoing was written on the hack of the following letter of Introduction: Colvxbcs, Jauoarr 22, ISBG. General S. A. Strickland, Cincinnati, Ohio; abe bearer hereof, late Quartermaster of the Seventh Kentucky Cavalry, la desirous of obtain ing employment aa clink dr agent of some book house. or anythin? else that be might be ante to do. Ills paper* slow whnt petitions he has held. Anything you can eo lor him, I am sa'isfled, from what 1 can learn of him, will be done for an old soldier who merits it. itespectfolly. yi are* . A. W. Phatijeb, Late Color cl OtiaUundrcd aim Iwcnueth Indiana Volunteers. On a slip of paper were the following mem orandums in pcuclt: Vr. Moreau, So. aO Walnut sheer, Cincinnati: Please deliver the lecoipt tor vouchers to my sis ter or brothers, orbiotuer-lu-law, Mr. 11. 1. Par ker, ot Falmouth, Kentucky. ibe Government has not done me right—hut let that pass. ... Waste 1 cot the morphine Is my own aQdr, Do not ccctuic auv one hat myself. Bouton d: Andrews, n»i West Ihiidstreet, Cln cit nntl, lias my commission. From information since obtained, it ap peals that last Thursday Lieutenant Mason er called upon Mr. Schuster, Military Claim Agent, and left with him for collection from the Government a number of vouchers to the amount of about one thousand dollars, the most of which can bo collected, aud upon ur gent solicitation, Mr. Schuster bad loaned the Lieutenant the sum of five dollars. With Messrs. Borden & Andrews. Claim Ageuts, the deceased left his commission and dis charge papers, with an application for extra nay and pension. From his commission snd discharge papers it appearstbat the deceased hud first entered the service as a private in Fremont’s Body Guard, enlisting at Indian iapolis, Indiana* in ISCI. While in this com mand he was incapacitated for active service from injuries received by the fall of his horse, and was promoted to Lieutenant and Kcgl menlai Quartermaster in the Seventh Ifen tucky Cavalry, Colonel Metcalf command- fhc Coroner’s jury, of course,-found a ver dict of suicide. The Coroner will retain the body, subject to the order of the friends of the deceased. Homicide iu Ohio—A nan Shoots-XHa Wlfe-i Paramour. The* POmcroy '(Ohio) Telegraph gives the details of a frichlfhl homicide which occur red in Svraense, Meigs County, on the eve ning of December 31st. Calvin Runnion, of that place, bad suspected bis wife for some : time of being too intimate with one Jacob ; Henry. On the evening in question, when • returning unexpectedly from Cincinnati, as; he drew near the house, he saw his wife through the window adorning her person as; if she expected company. He therefore! staid outside and watched. He soon heard ‘ a knocking, coming apparently from some one. niting on the. floor, of thej cellar In -the room under where bis wife: was standing. Mra.R. immediately proceeded to and opened the cellar door, from which. Mr. R. saw a man step into the room. The parties first caressed each other, acd then! disappeared through the. cellar door. Mr. • 'Runnion then went to an outer entrance to; 'the cellar, and called to his wife to‘ know; what she was doing there. She replied that! she was about to tasten the door, which ap-. pears to hate been left openhy herparamour ■ when entering the house. : Mr. R- took the ; key from her and locked the door. Mrs. R. then said that she thought there was some one In the cellar; when Mr. R.- called upon the party to come ont and make known nls business. Receiving no reply,: he went Into his bouse and procured a horse pistol,- which was heavllv loaded wfrh buckshot, and returned to the neighborhood of the collar door, Inst as the deceased burst open the sama. for tbe„ purpose of maklnghls; cscane. Mr. R. called upon him to slop, but «edrg that Tic paid no heed to the summons,, he discharged ihe pistol with as good aim as; Possible on his track. On Mr. R. approach log the deceased Is said to have exclaimed, **For God’s sake don’t kill roe; you’ve shot • me already.” Sir. R., on finding who the "niltv party was, and knowing that he was pretty taffy hurt, permitted trim to-hraTO without making any farther attempt to in- man continued to grow worse until the ninth day after receiving the Injury, when he expired. Mr. Rmnl-m made no effort to escape, but remained quietly at his house until Saturday last, when he was put under arrest. On Tuesday a very thor T coch preliminary examination of the cose was made by Or. J. R. PhiUon, of Racine, a Justice of the Peace for Sutton township, who pnt hint under bonds for his appearance atthonuU. term ofthc Court of Common Pleas. • ~ ; : : the artist, had 800 chances In the CU tago Optra Houie ruffle* INDIANA. The Legislative Session, Apportionment ortho State. Election of Palillq Officers by tfic General Assembly, The Senatorial Elections Iriindi- ana and HUnols, [Snccisl Correspondence of the Chicago Trtbune.l . - Ixdusxpoub, led., January Ifl. Tho Leglslatnre commenced work in ear nest from the very first day ofthesesslon. The Republican majority in either Douse seemed to have been atm affected by the momentum of the October elections, end obstacles of every kind went down before tho rash of business without any ceremony Already, although hot a week of tho session haa expired, somo fifty important bills have been introduced Into each Douse, and the committees fairly set -to work cousidcrin them. Of course, the apportionment of Representatives in Congress and members of the General Assembly comes prominently before the Legislature for consideration, and some ten or uvelve different bills upon these subjects have already been Introduced Special committees have at last been apl pointed, and these matters all referred to them for dlgesthn, with Instructions to re port suitable bills. The enumeration of vo. lers ordered by the lost General Assembly has been made, and will be tho guide in making the apportionment, but the figures so little suit the minority that "they bare begun to talk In secret caucus about bolting, and breaking a quorum. This Jact came out fairly and squarely yesterday in thcliouse, in the debate upon .Mr. Hushes’ bUI to punish bolting and prevent the same. The Democracy, ot course, opposed the bill and some of them made quite furious speeches, Pete Kizcr, of Allen, about as ig norant and bigoted a Copperhead as can be found in the Stale, was especially Indicant and, lugging in the evealasllug nigger he boasted ofthesupenority of the “ saccharine” (Saxon) race! The bill had been made the special order for two o’clock p.m.. and in the course of the debate Mr. Ross, of Miami (Democrat), made a melton to recommit the bill, with instructions to strike out tbn second and third sections, lie was ©noosed to bolting, and should stay in his seat till the end ol the session : hence he wasiu favor of a proper penalty for the offence. Mr. Hughes, of Monroe, (Republican), eald; without any wish to cut of) di-cosaloo, he mtendl cd io move toby the motion of Mr. Boss to re !i r i °U ‘hywh.e. Gentlemen say nobody u colug ? e would ask the vcnUeman from Miami wlwlbtr ibtie Lad tot been Held a conference of Dcmocrata whore there was had under confident lion a Question us to the propriety ol bicilriu"- nn thlslvtgiilaiure. ** H Mr. Boss. I will ray. that there was some «uch question, Uut. It was found that there were so many aaolL&t it, it could not bo dune. ,». t '® ni » B, /*^ e f cil^eni * 11 done a service to House, it has then been under adusemem,- bDCttia abandoned. Bowl urge my motion to lay the gentleman a motion to recommit the bill on the table. Qewißhelditfor—> Mr. Baker, lie was ooposed to the emergencr. Be was unwillinglhaithe tmputaacnof adispo filicn to bolt should tc cast upon Democratic members. Air. lirGHxs, Interrupting. Has there not been a mcctiLif held at which au arrangement was uro poked to break up (hia Legislature, if the mi coiliy coma Lot control cerium measures? hr. liAU.fi. 1 know or no such ogroemort or aiibtigcuitm. hot Ido know, and the gentleman Jrom Mciiroo ought to know, that the nartrwlth widen be ected formerly would not submit to an untonsiltmional overriding or the rh»ht Mr, Dllfoku m'errnpiea to inquire special! j as to the action m caucus. J A r. Baker. If the gentleman will come Into onr caucuses properly avouched, he may Had oat wharfs dene. Fat he would unsvvir tiiaU «neu the lime rijaii come that ihe majority here will pick oat from the files their own bills concocted lor party pm poses, and leave oars to lie over amongst the nniinishcd -tuinesfi ot the session, they v*III gee *..nic Democrats taking up their hats slo >cjlng. “Good bye, e inUcn*cu.” Mr. llughca’ motion to lay Mr. Ross’mo tion cn the table was earned, by yeas 02, nay stiff. Under the pressure of tbe previous ques th n, the vole was then taken on the passage of the bill, resulting, yeas W, nays 32. as fol lows: I. at— Messrs. Bcliord, 81-clijf.Blan-h, Ttrnck or, LcmpboU. Carter, Chambers, Crain, Dc.nu. Krv.ln, Bvau-, Ferris, Fuulae Turk, Ccitei doifi; Gordou, their. Urigan, Har:- Tui.r, Haroihcn, Urigics, Hopkins. Hudson, Hnchce. Ui.-on, Boric ot Kosciusko, Martin, i'.i rdi, McCarthy, McCJasky, McLean, McMlirray. Miller, uluorc, Newcomb, O’Neil, North, IVelle pja-.htr, Biukfl, Bos.-er, aabtn, Semina boiu, fchook, t*Luey, Skidmore. Smith, or Ls cnu-gc. Smith, of Wal>a.-n, Specccr, Siackhomc, Siazoid, Stewart, Taraher, Thomas, Wason, Watson, Williams. Wilson, Woher, Woifllu. Wooes, aud Mr. Sneaker—Ol. -Yoye—Messrs. Baker, Barr ft, Black, Bobo, Cort-y, Crowe, Douglass, Ermonson. Fuller, Grten. Hay-, lioi.ceup, Hostettcr. Hnngatc, In man, Blstr, tong, of Jackson, Loop, .Matlbfs, Mcraricew, Morrison, iloutgonerT, Boss, shanks, Shitlds, Sbulß'tcbbs, Timelier, YaaVaiktnbarcU.* Vawtsr, White aod Wolfe—32. 1 Four of those voting for the bill, Messrs. Carter of Fountain, O’Nell of Daviess, Stackhouse of Orange, and ‘Williams of Brown, are Democrats. This vote of course settles the question of bolting ibr the ses sion. The bill now goes to tne Senate for Us action, ond it is rumored that some of the Democratic Senators threaten to resign their scats uud thus break a quorum if the appor tionment hills arc forced to a vote on their passage. This morning a Joint session of both Houses was held for the election of various oflicers, with the following result: Agent of Slate-General W. Q. Gresham. State Printer—A'.H. Comicr.of the Journal. . Coual Trust R. H. Milroy. State Librarian—Rev. B. F. Foster. Diiecturs ot tbo Northern Prison—James Ni Tyner, of Miami; A. D. Hamrick, of Pulnum, and W. D. Crothers, of Porter. Directors oi the Southern Prison—F. M. Meredith, ot Vigo, ami Colonel M. P. Ghee, of Knox. Trustees of Benevolent Institutions—John S. Spanu, ferthe Blind ; Dr.J. V’.Moody, for the insane, and Dr. J, C. Burt, for the Deaf and Dumb Asylum. The electlou for United States Senitor takes place next Tuesday, U being the ■ second Tucscoy of the tc-slon. Governor Morton w ill of course be elected, he having received the unanimous vote of the Itepub. licun caucus for that position, i telegraphed you that the vole stood ayes 87, nays now?, but the wires made It read t.ays nitn\ which vas of course wrong. The Governor re cclvcd cverv vote cast aud the result was greeted with loud applause. His health Is constantly improving and be bids fair to live many Useful years. He gives a recep tion to-niirbt at the Executive mansion, the llrst ol the season. We arc all glad down this way that HH noia has re-eltcltd her great Trumbull to the United States Senate. Much as we honor General Palmer, we had rather spare him thou Tiumhull from the upper House of Congress. The weather Is very cold and sleighing ex cellent. The thermometer has ranged from six to twelve degrees below zero since yes terday morning. Sx, Dexis. JiASBY. Mr. Nn»by Emnjs a Sermon, but Is in niri]|itid by a .Rigger web is aided Andabetted by tne .Perverse Joe Big* ler. (From the Toledo Blade,. January IS.) Tost Oms. CosrjtDHur X Uosns, l CWlck Is iu the SUU uv Kentarky,) t January 10,1507. ) I wuz rekested a week ago to preech a dis course from tUo text wich the noble and high-minded Guvner Bramlelte used with sith crushlii force In bl» last annual message, to-wit: “Kin the Leopard change his sp its or the Ethiopian his skin V* aud alias feelin anxious to do wat 1 klu for the cause* I did It latt niie, or rotUec essayed to do it. Aud bear let me remark, that there atnfc a more devoted people in Kentucky than them lambs ez compose my flock. It wuz a ictcbln fel’.c, and one wich tilled my sole with joy to see cm pour out uv the groceries at me first lovlin uv the horn, and to see Fen uebacker. wich owns the distillery, stoppln work to come; but the most cheertn an en conrogln sltm to me wuz to ace Deckln Po grom, who wut a piayln sevea*up for the drinks with Elder Slathers, at BascomX lay down his hand when be hed high, low, and jack in it*- and hed only three to go. “Elder,” sed he, bis voice treznblln at the sacrifice be woz a makin, and a tear stcclln down his cheek, “Elder, them’s the horn. Let ns to our dooties, ’Llgion must take the front scat of tcmp'ral matters.” and slghin cz he cast a nartlu glance atbls band, he strode out, rcsolootly to the sanktooary. _1 opened by rcadin the lollenn from Gut ernur Bromlettc's message: - -“The nigger is the inferior nrtbc white— he lacks tue power to rise. Ontll the leopard kin change his spots, or the. Ethiopian bis skin, all efforts to repeal or nullify God’s laws will beuoavailiu.” My bretherm these words is words uv wla-; dosvaDdtnremletns.be thankful. The -skin nv the Ethiopian wuz inflicted onto him • -for the express purpose ut dlstiogulshln him' from his brcthei iu, whose servants he wnz! condemned to be, for all time, ez a punish-! - meat for the sin uv Cain or the improodence■ • uvßam, wich, Democratic divines heyen’t. settled on. With the black skin he wnzj given all the other marks nv inferiority. He; • wnf ccst with long arras, immense hands,; fiat nose, and bowed legs, and that thermite} be no mistake In the matter, he wuz given! wool Instead uv hahyballeloogy I ; “ Ah, my bretberu, wata blessid thing for* us is this Ethiopian! 'What a consolation It} must be to yoo all to know that therlsal race below ypo, ond how blessed the raflcck-J shun that they- can’t change ther skin, and’ bv that means git above yoo. That’s the) comfort: we draw from thcafciptcrs. Wat a! horror it wood be for Deekm Pogrom, who Is: snorin so peaccfly, ••Dreamin, eveeily dreamln, the happy hoars' aw»y,” ' Ef when the Sdbpreme • Court decides tho Ablishh amendment unconstooahnl, andhq gits bis niggers back agin; ef ther ehood be) a new dispensaahub and Diggers sbood be permitted to change ther skins I Wat sekoorlty wood we hov fbrour property? Some morning he’d wake up and nod era all white persona wich It wood bo sto sbncl to wollop. _ I . "My brethren ther hez bln many, efforts) to change the skin nv the Ethiopian, or rather ther hez bin -many who wanted to.’ Thc'Boston Abllsbnlsts her tried It.butw?’, hez bin tho result? Alut they niggers r'li and aint they fittll the degraded wrcf C hpl they alius wnz? I paws for a reply.”. . 1 made this latter remark becoz, on i r bccoz, it sounded wellrnotthat \ hed any Idee that anybody wood reply, f.ntaginc my surprise at set-in a gruy-hoadeo nigger, wich bed biu doorin and after the f'.utrlsule strug gle employed in the Bureau, rise, and remark that be a wor <j jo- say olto that'pint. a gtorm ol In* dlgnashun, and the impudent, nigger who wuz to sa«ey cz’ to' presoum to in a white mccllo, on thb spot; bed not joe Bigler,, whd wtiz half drunk, diowd a lookln navy revolver, and that beknowd that nigger— that he hr.fl more sense than the hull oulauy us, and ’neshood her bis say. ' 1 ” : 1 said this recklis Joe, “ef ho beats too, Feriessor, trootb is trooth; lets he* IWr JSi he’don’t, why, it’s all the better for intelleck kirors tho groond,all ponderous intellect gels Ibe hest on!t, J Ist ez rite. ‘Out uv the months or babesaud enckllns.’ Elder, ben' my bottom dt-lfsr on this eucklin. speck up, venerable—there wont none ur cm teen ■ }oo,”.and he cockt his revolver. & ■' “Becnln pardon," sed tho nigirer, ‘*l agree with yoo, Ferlesser, that the Ethiopi an can’t change bis skin blsselC but does the Scriptcrsay that It can’t be changed for hlmf" • * ? • -r “ Arser the venrahle babe,” said Joe Big ler, pintin his revolver at mo. | . . 4 * 1 can’t say that it does,'' sea I. { . “Very good,” retorted the nigger, “heint there a chaise- bin a coin on m Kaintack, from the beginnin? My-mother wnz lcz black cz a crow—Pm coasidble lighter—my wire’s a half lighter than 1 am—my gad’s chddcrn is aJiali lighter than their mot! &««V and I want to know what Gavner Bram lefic’s sot to say to that. The white .Bint sot no cuss onto him, hez he f” “ Speek np Pcrfesser—the sucklln want ■yob to be‘prompt,” sed Joe Bigler. I answered that he bed hot—that It wuz piled onto Ham or Cain npd their descend* ants, and nobody- else.” •“ Very well then/’ sed lln all. over, ** cz 1 am only tuiif-Batn or Coin; (wich. you harn’t decided), then uv coarse there’s only half a enss onto mo, only a quarter onto iny wife, only an eighth onto my daughters, only it sixteenth onto my daughter’s children, and there’s lots uv nig. gers in this j er visiuitily wat bezn’t got the thirty-sekkund or the eLvty-fourth part uv It hangin to cm. Guvnor firamlette also sed sutbin bont niggers bcln degraded coz twez their micher, didn't he, and'that eddneashen woodent do i**r em f” ‘‘Petleesor,” sed the tormentiu Bigler,wich hed just uhbky ennffiu him to be ugly, “1 mnst remind yoo that the partikef erbabe and suckliuont ov whose month yoor beein im mensely condemned, espex promp’t anscre, or rather I his guardisn and perteator, do.” I anserea ttar sich wuzthe tenor nv the Gamer’s remarks. “Ef that’s troo, why don’t the nraJattoes come up faster ? Ef it’s the nateral sti iopid- Uy uv the nigger, the white man aint siflect eabyit,atd the mulatto only half; .lare quainted with the Left'uv the people-a/ore me, and I’ll bet my last year’s wages- wt eh Deckin Pogrom ain’t paid yit, that half i*v cm cant read any morn I kin. ’Pears to i m.e I’d like to hev Guvncr Bramlette take.the load off us for a year or two and see whether we’d rise ornot. (Vcmoutn’tand thenaeiD wc mout. But I rather think it’s a little too much to put a millstone on topnva man and then kick him for not gettln up.” “Bullyl” sed Joe Bigler. “Goon! coon!’-** *Jt alnt Just square playin to make all sorts uv laws agin onr risin, to flog us for* hcvm spellin hooks, to make it a penitentia ry offense to harn to read and to bum onr skool houses, and then because wc alnt just ready to.cnier college, to insist on’t that we arc naterally Incapable, And above all amt it presoomin a htllc to charge it onto the Lord? Aintyoo mlstakin your own work for hizzen ? ’Praps ef Gavner Bramlett’s father bed been floggid for wautlc to learn to read, and Guvncr Bramlett’s mother bed bln brought up cz a fceld hand, and the same strategy hed bin practiced on Guvncr Brain ■ leu’s 'crandfather and great-grandfather, and great-great-grandfather, and great preat-iiieat-erandiather, and his great— “ Hold on venerable,” sed Joe Bigler, • “don’t enumerate. Jest say his ancestors, buck to the identicle time they wuz slaves to them Normans, wich held his projectors jist cz closely ez yoo’vc bin held, and It’ll besufflshent. But go on.” *•! plead guilty to the big hands, flat nose and bowd legs. Posslblv the first nigger bed em—possibly not. Ef Uuvner Ciamlett’a fa ther, andhis grand-fa—wich is to say ances tors, hed been kept at the hoe, his hands wood hev bin cz big ez mine; ef they’d bom burdens forcverhls legs wood be bowed, and if ther noses hed bin perpetooally smasht hizzen wood be flatter than it is. “Her you eny more questions to put to the Professor J” sed JoM*ph. “No;” replied the Ethiopian, “I hev sed my say.” ” Then.” fed this Bigler, wlch wnz get tin more ana more reckless every mlnnU, °L dis miss this congrcgushmi, with this remark, t bat tliat nigger is under my prolectin care, trd of a .-ingle lock uv bis wool is disturbed, I slid feel It a solium but painful dootv de volv'm upon me, to put a ball into the car cass uv each uv the ofllshls uv this chureb, commencin with the paster, and conliuuiu all the wav down to the scribe. Git I” And pell-mell the congregashua piled out —oto over another. It will be necessary to dispose of Joe. Big ler somehow* lie lost wat property he had in the war, and Is becoming cxceedlnly loose In Lis talk, lie can’t be tolerated long. PtTUOLEUM V. Nasby, V. M., (Wich is Postmaster), and likewise Professor uv BiMiklc Politicks in the Southern Clas siklc «k Military Institoot. THE SEW POSTAL ARIJASGEMENXS Extension of mall Faculties—Now Kates or l*ostaso ou Primed matter to Europe and Asia. [From the New York Evening Post, Janaary IC.J The rosiofDce Department has made arrangements oy which a number of Euro pean and Ablatio countries, hitherto hevond the reach ol our moil communication except by letter, are brought wichiu the range of de livery of all, or nearly all. United States mail matter. It is. a singular fact, unknown pi olubly to most persons who have not had occasion to learn if by unpleasant experi ence, Ihot there was'a considerable region in the civilized-world where an. American tra vclli f mljrhtnot receive a newspaper directly lyom Lome, . Under the orrongeiaeuta now completed; prepayment of postage, sometimes at high rates, Is'made necessary in all cases.' Tue joJlowingoffic!el-t-tntement gives a'fall list of the couturier —with some of which there has been rot ular . communication—that are now Included in the delivery by way of Hamburg and Bremen : xrwtTArEua. Bremen, by Bremen mail—' i cenl« each. • Hamburg, by Damburgaail—Scents each. rm**ia, Austria and Gutman states, by Bremen at (1 llaatburgmail— Scouis caih. . Lumnbnrg, by Brnnen mall—2 cents each. Luntnbmg, by Hamburg mall—d cents each and 1 cent per ifi ounce. ScbK , «wlg'lloU:i'lD and Denmark, by Bremen or hsmbUig mail—2 cunts tach and I cent per 3*l ounce. Sweden, by Bremen or Hamburg—3 cents each, and I>4 cu-tprr ounce. Norway, by Btciotn or Hamburg—T cents each, at.it r<4 ernte per H 4 ounce. Hcdsod, by Pitmen or Hamburg—3 cents each, ardl cunt pc 3*y ource. Tfiif.«ia. bvßmucn or Haffibarg—3 cents each, and l ci m per 1H «*»ncc. snUxctiand. by Bremen or Hamburg—4 cents each. holy, by Bremen or Hamburg—s cents each. •Jut*.* y, by Bremen ot Hamburg—3 acuta each, and tu t cuts per I 1 * onnee. Oict-tc. by bmnen dt llmaVuTg—l cents each, and &H cents rer J?n ounce. Gibraltar, sq am end Portugal. bv Bremen or Hamburg—3 cents each, ami cants j>cr l}i OU' c«. Austria, India and China, by Bremen or Ham* bme mails, cfa ilareel.Jts —Z costs- each, and 9 ccms per tt£ ounce. Austria. Id' la and Cnlna, by Bremen am! Ham bare nmN«, na Ttiesie—B cents cash, and Scents per H ounce. rEEioniCALS, ac. Bremen, by Bremen mail—l oect per ounce. Ilambusg, by Btmtmtc mall—l cent per ounce. Prussia, Austria and ucrmai. Stales, uy Bremen or Hambi rg—l J-i cent per ouue*. Jcceubctg, by Bremen maH— l% cent per onrcc. Lem nbnrt’.by Hambargmail—2J4 cenlper ounce and IJ4 cert nvr 11$ ounce. SchlcrWig-Hohunn and Denmark, by Bremen or Hamburg—l*4 cm l per ounce and 1 1 /- cent p«t IJi umce. Sweeten, by Bremen or Hamburg—lH cent per ounce it'd 2 cents pet lit ounce. No«wsy,bv Biomn- or Hamburg— lH cent per enneo and -l cents per ounce. Holland, by Bremen or Hambur j—lts cent per onrcc and cent per I*4, ounce. Kueria, by Breach or Hsmluug—lH cent per ounce and IJ4 cent per ounce. tjwijzciland, by Uiemeu or Hamburg—Hi cent per ounce and 1 o.nt per half ounce. - Italy, by Bremen or Hamburg—l*4 cent per ounce and 3 cents per half ounce. Turkey, by Bremen or Hamburg—lJ4 cent per ounce and fijy; cants ner>H ounce. Gre»ce, by Bremen or Haaib*irg-*l# cent per onrcc and 5K cents per IM ounce. Oloralter, Spain, and Portugal, by Bremen or Hamburg—lu cent per ounce, and Hi cents per ivounce. Austria. India, and China, by Bremen or Ham-. burg mail, by way of MuneUlcSi-lli coat per oui.ee. and 9 cents per I*4 ounce. Austria, India ar d Cuina, by Bremen or Ham burg mail, by way of Trieste—Clicccts perooace ami i cenu per H onnee. These charges ore In each case in full to destination. combining rates between the United States and Bremen ox Hamburg, and the rata beyoud Bremen and Hamburg to poiots ot delivery. Oairngeoaa Attempt to Barn a Church, IFrom the BaCalo Express, Josoarj 16.) A most outrageous and apparently pur-’ poseless attempt at Incendiarism was nude, Wednesday evening, the plot involving thej destruction of a church edifice In which there could have been little or nothing to lead the: Incendiary to hope foe any great profit in the; way of plunder. 1 About eleven o’clpck at night as Mr. H. J.i Hatvcy, the well known ticnr merchant’ doing business ai 212 Washington, street, was passing down Mohawk street oa his way to bis home a man stooping-near a small window in the rear of the basement of Trinity Church. Be bad bis hand inside the] window as il endeavoring to enter. Mr. - Harvey at first thought it was the sexton ot the church and was about to pass on, when a thought of the uuscasonableness of the hour crossed his mind, and turning he called out to the man demonding-fais business. | Without replying the indendiary sprang over the low paling around the church and was making off when Mr. Harvey seized htmJ A blow, which cut his forehead badly, caused him to relinquish his hold, but ha soon starts ed in pursuit. The runaway tuned into tho alley sear the foot of Mohawk street, and: «heeling round presented a pistol. XC clicked out did not explode, and.the npd continued nearly to Oak street, the pur suer calling loudly for watch, but wltano result. Before starting Mr. Harvey hnd noticed that a fire was kindled in a piio of oak shav ings heaped against the windoir, and-fearful lest the names should make too much head* way he .retraced his steps. A convenient pile of loose enow enabled him to extinguish the-fire without trouble, and a gentleman coming to bis assistance, the perpetrator of the crime was tracked to Oak street, where all traces were lost. ■. ' The fact-that there waa very little lathe church that could have been.carried off with out detection, makes tho affair the more mya* tevioas as leaving the perpetrator without ■4 tohcelvcahle motive for his attempted ■ f-rime. The shavings were some that had been purchased by the pastor,’ Kev. Mr* In* Ecraoll, for hla own use, and it is barely pos sible that the fire mav have been kindled ac cWcrtally whilo an'attempt to enter’ the building was being made. Great -Fire tri Canfield, Ohio-One* I'onrtl) of the Busin era Fort ■ of the Tottu in Ashe*. ' Oh Tuesday morning last, Canfield, Ohio, was vis-lied by a conflagration which de stroyed one-fourth of the business portion of the village. The ‘ losses will reach 1 £IO,OOO. divided as follows • G. H. &R. 9. Hollis. SB,OOO j.lnshred - for SI,OOO. T. Q. Btadlord & Co.. $11,000; Insured for and some goods saved : - Sclmlck «Ss Lynn, SIS.GOO ; itbured for SIO,OOO, and a large prd portion of , goods saved; '. The HollU jßloclc, owned 1 h/!*' the, . Hollis .Brother*, $4.(00 ;i slight- Insurance. The. Schmlck corner, owned by William Schmlck, 13,009 ; .Insured, for-. *1,200. Mrs. HoUlaand Shelhomaostaihed "lomcs "by the removal .of goods and furni ture. .Toe losses and suspension of business ■ Tall heavily upon some of the sufferers, and creates a void that Is severely felt‘bribe community generally. “"By most extraordinary exertions, the resi dence of H. H. Gdsall, on the south, and a remaining building of Mrs. Flack on the west, wore saved from the Qre. but greatly damaged by water and tho necessary labor bestowed upon them.- Bad-these buildings been fairly seized by the : fiery element, the .destruction .and. nun. that would have fol lowed lu'both directions,, cannot be estimat ed. A heavy falling of snow providentially aided in allaying the heat. , COLORADO. TLe Jfiineral Resources of the State. Interesting Data &om Official Doc- uments. Chicago, January JJ. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: The papers have lately given us the grail* flying news that passengers from'Fort Riley canreachNewTorkinTC hoars,and those who leave Junction City, 100 miles west of Lawrence, at 3:20 a. m., arrive in Chicago at 9 o’clock the next morning. Taking iato further account,. that on the Union Pacific Railroad, out of the C4O miles to Denver City,- there are now completed over 330 miles west of Omaha, leaving thus only 250* miles more for its completion to Denver City, and that on the Union Pacificßailroad. (E. D.), by way of Port RUcy, only something under 2SO miles is-wanted to reach the ter minus of that branch of the Pacific .Railroad in Colorado,- and considering,"fur ther, that both roads are progressing now at • the rate of one mile per day,—wo can estl-* mate with perfect safety that wlthlu another twelve or fifteen monies weshall have a con tinuous lino of railroad from New York to Colorado. The natural results of such an accomplishment are very obvious. The fiire per stage from- the Mississippi River to Central City (Colorado) used to D** SIOO, besides the additional charges of $1.23 per p« und for baggaee over 25 pounds and zdcals at from SI.SC to 2.00 eiah; the fare has already deer i-u&ed to $123. and, if all roil road, must como down tosioarsso. Freight used to be 20 cents to 25 cents- per pound; It has already reach idas low a price as 6 cents to 7 cents, and must also come down to 3 coats lo 4 cants; the con sequence of which will he that, as It has al ready <done. will yet mere provoke and stim ulate emigration to a sell; and into a terri tory,, which offer all Mie- nainral Induce ments that any conntr.v ever has offered to enterprising and iudusur-oos- settlers. The correolKcis of onr conclusions has already been verified by the iiic,‘s elicited from Sen ator report heloif, on the increase of imtrrigratjoi.* and development of the Terri tory iwithai the lost year* AGE3CC I.TC R It Governoir Evans, of Colorado; has testified tothofact that the .whole of‘the plai.is and the parks in the mountains of Col orado arc the finest pistoral lands; stock fattens and thrives:* on them all the year round, U rage herds being kept therein the finest jraossibTc condition. Anolhsrreport asserts ‘•'ft int thesoil of the Colorado can be made as p Todnctivoaa the Delta efthe Nile by the aa& ie process which made that the richest In the world ;• and that this irrigation can he effects d here with but little labor; that with half t\ m hard work of an Eastern farmer, twice th <•* crop can be raised, and the mines always ftirnlch- a good market.” MIKES. Speaking of mines, we wish to refer here to on oCicial statement, which, says: “The first discoveries of sliver mint s in Argen tine District, (Colorado) were ; made in the spring of the year IS*>s, and thsi *e can be no dtubr that tbc silver mines in Ar| cntinc Dis trict are not only the bust in Coi 'orado, but they are also the richest in the wl tolewoild- Thi# Las already been shown by act ual assays, much of the ore from those ml nes, even when taken from charts not over in *emy feet in depth, assrys §“-,000 per ton. Puruting aa-ari;cle addressed, to the New York Tribune --by a party who in troduces himsell as perfectly unbiased, nopt cjiuiiced and dUinteresttd , propose to own one foot of anv hd< : In the Tcrnlory,my opinions on the subject —what ever they may be worth—will at leas tbe un prejudiced,” wa dud him to coutioae as fol lows : “In the first nliwo, cold fafooadhor® inn Terrc*y difeunt condition* from those of Col Ua-uia. ‘Free cold,' as Uis called.lsmochlesa-el nndxat here. As a general rule cold is fouoa I <ere In combination with copper,, and silver wr.t a lead. One came which operates to check cntcro; iaela, mtchamcsdemand-froiatC to *B. aim the com monest miner $5 per cay. iron. lime ami chem ical materials are..very expensive. .Mon rover, nothing Is more certain ihsn-uhca. wheat is sup plied at three cents per pnai.il instead, o f tea cuiiir, ami wfcen freight from ibs East will 1 »e re duced from Cttcu: cents and eighteen cents t o six cents per pound. tbaexpeu=aofmiulag ami sep aratee lie metals will be less thau one ha If of what it is now. “ Ur. Hayes accompanied mo to some of tbc emehingworke. 'JLhu ore* are ground, wasl *ed, ickastoiiom,the rock, dcmilphrulxcd »*y hear,, >n.c)tcd, tic gold usd silver seuaratod from the; cejeratd lead, at.o finally deUvatod la cal.es. which contained about 75 per cent in w<L*hb of silvci erdsocic Coper cent In valas of gold. “ Ur. Eie;t vlrnma, that b» hia process be ob tain* about Si pec cent of the whole amount of gold. •‘One thing i« certain: tho mines of Colorado me cmoiii; Ihr.'-ricba-i in tho world. 1 doubt, whether till.* r California or Nevada contain a gieaicrcmounloi thepreeumsmvtsD than this ncUcr. of th r flacky slonatains. These poaks, packed asltfai yflawlth deopv rich vetus—scam i d ai d ttiipi u v III* the on -cropping of iheir bid dtn and rclc ctsutly grautea wealib, are not yet half explored. They aieby all appearances part ot a oacd deposit of ireasaru, vriueix wilt oven tcally tcioo nd to exieua from Goanaiaato and Ktal dtl Ucrate m the Alakuuztc and Coopermine Fivers, ord «La>. If properly worked, will yield over a Lund red mlillous a year for a thousand years. - “ ColoradoaJone oufihl to fttrnUb the amount of the Nall cool dcut wuhlo a ceaioiy. The gold is here ai d lie ahvci,also copper ana lead, proba blv pjatim. 100 (there arc already rumors o! it Duw)snd:alLthat is rot-ded is luvenlioo,intelli gence and ptopetjy organized erlciprlac.’ 1 It Is re markable to sec, by comparing with the above the Honorable Secretary of the Interior* e official report to Congress, dated December ISth, 1565. bow closely the two opinions coincide in all material points, and It Is for that purpose that wc wish here to insert Coe latter:. “DurJ eg the pvet year additional discoveries of prccioui, loctuls have bn-n u>ade. nanicnlarly In , Kiivur. 1 n ibe region tlankmg on the eastward the cstencf ,d mauuiain ravges of Ibc Sierra iiadre. A belt embracing pardons of l> abo, N'cvadi 1 sod Colorado is rich m silver ore. Owing to Dio remote locality of these mines and the dfflJcalty of transportation Hen t o, butHuje machinery well adapted to the rapid* and economical redaction of the ores has breu icirodiired. Id t'-at portion of Nevada and Coloi ;ado, Lbrenqh which ttic Pacific Kallroad will pare , many veins have been lound, audit Is estim ated by persona familiar with the enbj.-ct, that, if met olnesnow tr-.u.ed there, icere supollfd «uU the y.toptr wccattery tk*y icouhtyt'fo fmriiU lion a or debar* (fJO.CT.U,uW') per month. In the sama-ttßlon vast beds of salt have also be< n fottno, which, irom its value in the process of srperaiina tbs silver ore, haa given a fresh im paste to mlulng.. **\Vlna,we reject that the region of the country in which deposits of the pnetons totals üboutm, includ-Jelaiyie portions ot those I'eiritones, ana that toe richer veins of ore heretofore discovered are yerbnt slightly developed, whilst new discov eries areoo&suuily made, it’rib be perceived itat lifc.auaaal product of the mines of tho United btafcd- must soon reach a magnitude without pro cvde&tiu the history of luinmf oncrationa. The wealth, unheeded in the recks of that extensive region, is actually Inexhaustible, andU will lur c!sh in tntve years, it-dlnrciiy. a principal part of iiQCldftlugibe contracted by the Government lor the overthrow of the gr»at rebellion.” GOLD. As we said &b*.ve, the gold here Is found under different conditions from California, “ free gold” is less abundant, and but a limited space afforded lor Vl trnlch” or sur face washing, instead of which we ffnchhcre the s 'blossom rock,” partially disintegrated quartz with gold, mostly in a free state or gold-beating quartz. \Vc learn front the fatebt San Francisco BulUtm, however, that is»uer fortunes are made now from, quartz mining than were ever made in the palmiest days ot the placers. Quartz raimutr is a permanent industry, and affords capitalists ft gate and very remunerative investment- . The New York. Times mentions the arrival, at the American Bureau of Mines, in Ex change place, of a mass of gold- of the weight of 128 lbs avoirdupois, from Colorado.. It comes from the Smith and BonnleeGoldi Mining Company. It is four-filhs pure gold of the fineness equal to sl7 the ounce, acd one-filth pure silver. The whole was valued ! at the Assay Office at 833,000. in gold. . Other choice succimens of ore have baeu reported to assay as high as f 57,000 to the ton, some $12,000 and some SIO,OOO ; hut to come down to the actual practical every day: yield of the Bines - now in eetual working,’ we will just enumerate a few with which we are personally acquainted on know oil reliable authority them "average yield front their consecutive operations: Amongst the trold mines, the 'Mtoop ** lode yielding over sl2Q\q the ton; the ‘Merico” -yielding $l3O to tl\a ton, or SI,EOO to the cord; the “Bums” assays SIOO to the ton*.the “ Bob Tall,” $120; the “Gregory,” $175; the *• Orphan Boy; the “iJcElus Ultra,** eiso- - .SILVER. Amongst the silver mines* the “Henry Ward Beecher-’* with a vain 3Q lushes jolld galena, already opened ‘SOO feet, and oyer 50Q> tons of ore taken out, ; yielding S2OO to the ton; the ‘.‘•Scud der** lode, well developed. with a silver ere v ice of about 20 Inches wide —the ores yield ing 8575 to the ton, and located within a mile of Georgetown; the “Verltal” iuAr cenilne District, near Lombard’s property, with shafts from 20 to 80 feet deep—the ores yicldlDC|2so to the ton; the.“ Eugenie,” •SSIS; the“ Peninsula,” S4SO; alltheabove is the average of the entire crevice matter. ‘ Several pieces of surface quartz* which havQ been picked up indiscriminately on the top'of the McClellan Mountain, were sent to New Tork for assay, the official returns stated $475.80 to the ton. In connection with the same above-named McClellan Mountain, and also in connection i.wlth the above-described specimens of sur face quartz, wo will here mention a few of the leading mines, as they are situ ated on the earn©' McClellan Mountain, end whero come of thosepleccs were picked ‘•iip. Next to the celebrated “Boh.. Morris” aud “Gus Belmont” comes the “Debenion,” with a crevice ofahouffivo feet wide, and all indications of its widening to ten or twelve feet, and showing itself as a vela of real mineral of sulphurel of silver, very rich and up the face oi the mountain for jaftcen, hundred feet, the assay having proved a large - quantity .of.. ruby silver. The “ Premium,” with a crevice of about twenty fret wide;*and interstices from two to ton inches of gaugne rock and mineral, mostly ‘ .purple,chloride of’sllvcr, and showing Itself, •up the faco.ofthe moun»a.'n, to the top. ot luo -'cllir," some *2,0C0 feet. The *«fa\U hawker.’hv: with a crevice on. thb ■- -mountain! 1 from ■ two ■ to four - feel. Tho “Border Ruffian;”’with a. crevice of -metal ebme eightecn inches, and indication? or widening into some six. or eight* ' feet.’, Xhe' [ *‘ situated about lop feet to the northwest, with the moat prom- IsJngindlcaUons, and havingbeeasphttop Bbllildclphla company fqp $50,000. “Silver,” -with * prospect for i first class lode.aittiatea about thirty fteV from Kel*« Creek, and: easily ana cheaply' to be tsn netted, “ The “Radius',” about two hundred, feet from the “Silver,” showing equally aa well as the former; both the Surer and the .Radios being admirably adapted to have » on andr over theareek. The “Rich mond,” the 11 White,” and the. i “New York,” all • showing exceed ingly well, and- -only illustrating to the fullest extent the opinions above ex pressed in regard to the unparalleled rich ness and wealth pf the Argentine District sil ver lodes. The “Baker” lode, like the above mines, ia situated'in 'Argentine District, on Kelso Creek and Kelso Mountain, a mono tain pre cisely as precipitous as McClellan Mountain, from which it is divided only by Kelso Creek and its narrow valley, through which 1 * wagon roah is now built at the foot of these mountains. Tho above lode was dls- I covered In the summer of 1865 by John oaKer. An average sample of the ore from it 9 *sf Cn rr \9 the principal aasaycrs i of,the United States, and the average .r°^Q ten aam P lea was at '.the rate of SSSB per ton. This. analysis also made at the Philadelphia mint, awakened, j considerable Interest amongst aomo of the most prominent Philadelphia capitalists whose brotherly love urged them to an act of liberality of paying for that mine the sum. of $250,000, and It Is confidently expeaud. that even at that price it will pay a dividend of SCO per cent. The pore or “free gold,” as above said, is of a very rare occurrence in this Territory. Mr. Lowe, of Fairplsy, hav however, col lected some specimens of the Colorado ore which defy the competition of any gold ores n tho known world. Judge Costello has #OO/e lamer ones, bat not so floe. Some very beautiful and singular specimens were taken from the “Leavitt” lode Native silver,containing a small per cent or goldr has up to the present time been found chieily and in the largest quantities on the “ Garden City” lode on Clear Creek. Sul pbnrtt of silver, ruby stiver and chloride of silver, however. In several-mines la Snake River District, on the “Uerkimer” lode, on some near Georgetown and in Argentine District, especially and in tho largest quan tities on the lodes situated on McClellan Mountain- and fully describe! above, viz : “ Bob Morris,” “ Gus “ Premium,.” and so forth. I. Aldcn Smith, of Trail Creek, has just completed a soatlogue of ore* and minerals lately discovered in Colorado, in addition to t r e gold and diver ores, and we wiuv.tempt to give an abbreviated list of a few of the most valuable sod useful ores-; e Agate;alabaster; ilom isotiaalum); amazon stone; anethtsle-santuaonj; asbestos; tviaui rii* (gold »ioDt); beryl; em«afdi aqua marine: : Dunmicoas coal; blooostune; cairrgurum stooo; comeUat; chalcedony; cCryaopre*; naU-e cop per ; btilphniet of copper; given carbonate of Copper (malachite); goat eioae; carnd; Uyallc; Uou otts thrown hacmatue); Jasper: lead ores; Hcnhc; llmcvneieortc iron(compo-cc ofn'ckel, cobalt, lion and copper); manganese; mica; onyx; peirnltmn; porpoyry; sau; sardonyx; gerptclioe; caunclcoal; wood opalt snlphata of eooa; (ooimaljne; zinc (sulphate tof aloe). One of the late Denver City -papers gave the encouraging- account that (he pastsea sou has been, for Colorado, a thry lavorable one. Crops were abundant. Use aggregate yield of grain and vegetables bring tali three times as large as in any former year since the settlement of* the territory. In conse quence, provisious have become much ch-.ap erand abundant. The mines have produced more mineral this present year than for the two or three preceding roues together, and will probably next summer double upon the past. . Aerator Wade intends to present to the Senate of the United States, at its present session, oliieial documents and aw-m --lo testimonials.. which will prove west incontestably, the very reverse of the laUc impressions circulated, that Coloiado has been declining, nr that its t.iineral xzenith fs not jully suLstauti-itfii. The tax valuation lor lsu» is $10,000,800 —the jnlues not in cluded : which would more than double that sum. The report of the Commissioner, of tlie General Land Office states that entries have been made lor actual settlement within the last ten months, ending November l-d. iHd, on »51,(XX> acres, showing an increase of nearly 50 per rent over la«t year's entries. In Denver City alone over i*»o new buildings have been creeled at a cost of about $4»«*,000. Eight new smelling furnaces have be«u com pleted at a cost oi tfibO.OOO. The piodnciion of the mines arc reported by the Suivevor General as having m«>rc than doubled* within the last year. The same report continues as follows ; “ The silver ore Is all from * .Argentine Hh( (cl* and Clear Crwk. The e;e tuk eu iroai a pile containing several tons, all similar to the specimens scar. “ The vtirs generally vary In width fromaf.-w inches to tweniy-flve ai d- ibntv feet, iu w. Ich die scums of ore from one inch to a loo' In occur at various intervals; the rust of the vein is filled with quartz, containing in some ca-u* a? much as ♦Su» per ton of »*lvur la the shape of ct lorlde of silver, dlftnsco ibrongh jhc oiurtz,ar d ptwbably the result of the d'COJoposittoa o( the sulphurate ores. Other veins Contain ar-enU lerous galena. and in sows pure euin/uf<: or' sl/rrr Is found. "The silver region follows the crest of the mountains, extending probably a* far 35 Snake and Elue rivers. Aoatsvj has as ye: fatten belcio 51* P per ton. while tevercl vents nave given an average of fo ihr t on.' Three loriiarcs (and nine more, according to later account-) arc in ac tual operation in Georgetown, two mow la pioceaa ofcreciton.” The Chicago Tnißtrrrß of December 19th amongst its Washington despatches has the following: “Information bus Just been re ceived at the Interior Department, of the discovery of a number ov rich new silver lodes in Colorado. From au assay ofsoov* of the ores taken out. it has been ascertained that they arc worth upwards of rer ton.” Tbs largest piece of iron ore seat by the Surveyor liencralis irotn abed about thirty miles sooth of Denver. which was fbrnd by Deputy surveyor George B. Fierce this sma rm r. The bud or vein is horizontal and ex lends about Jhe mite*in. length and about one »«a'*V in width and forme a mountain of iron. ZIXVi “Zinc is found bolh-ia the form of “silicate and sulphurate.” *v COAL. Coal has been dlscovurod of the very- best, anthracite and cacncl coal In beds ofiuex haus-tiblc extent, ai-Aptcd Ia any smelting cr furnace use. The specimens of uatt scabby the Survey or General is made the Lycn Furnace near Black Hawk. It is produced by smelling the gcld-bcarlng sulphurets of copper, ace con tains all the copper, »old and silver of the ore. It Is about sixty per cent Conner, and varies fiom SJOO to f-bOO per ten iu gold and silver. Ills shipped to Swansea, in Wales, the copper paying tie expenses of shipping am! tepardtlng. Senator Wade’s report sel> forth * the present population cannot be lass than W*,CCO. and ihat It U rapidly.increased by I n rolgratlon.” It Is claimed Ihat the rapid ap nrroch of the two branchrs of the Faciiic Kallroad toward Colorado (with the greatlv reduced fare cod freight) aud the vast extent of her agricultural, graving, geld, .silver, copper, lead, coal and olher in ices, ami in salt and petroleum, insure.- a rapid- develop, meat and Increase of population in the im mediate future. HDCCITI OJf. In regard to education, Colorado takes the lead of all the Western'Territo* ;es~ A Den ver paper gives. a most encounig»ng,ropurt ol the Colorado Seminary, which Is located At Denver City. Besides this institution for more advanced scholars, Colorado has- air n-adva good common school system. While the Tctritorics of Arizona. Montana, Ida ho New Mexico are making, al most no provision ■ whatever for the education of the young, it. is cheer ing to bear ‘that Colorado- has made a good beginning in that direction. Intelligence is the basis of prosperity, aua the importance of good schools is inawhcrc greater than ia & vouna and only grow/Rg-up commonwealth. Without these, no country, however great Us nature.! advantages,. can have a healthy growth; suffice it to point to Mexico, a country an regard to so:J,.climate, mineral and vegetable productloa, superior to any other on-the whole globe,.is absolutely unin habitable, Its vast resources lost to civiliza tion, and altogether a curse to itself and its neighbors. A KESC. StrnncoCoiidnctoriGangliauisll |‘fß«- „ vuia. ''lsuich Conespot.denea (Dec. SI) of the New York World.J *We are nox. spending our Christmas hero,, and it is kept up In the good old German ; etylc. England claims to hold the Qret rank -in the celebration of Christmas; but Germa ny's claims are probably superior. -It mast not be lorgotten that the Christmas tree and . numerous other customs have been Imported from here by the English. Yesterday the Kin?, who had returned the day before from. Holienschwargan, proceeded in great-state oud is full court attire to .the Church of All this city .and there attended the moss, which was celebrated by the Archbishop. The ceremonial was very grand,, impressive and the King returned to the palace.as he came,.both preceded and followed by a nu merous procession of Court dignitaries and, Government functionaries. 3uf the • youth-, fnl King has no heart for these state cere tnorles any more than he bos for the moro serious duties of bis position! He has. been, sieving for about six weeks at his v|lla at and I ean guarantee the accuracy of the following' details .’respecting the .habits and character of the young Sovereign. Louia 11. of Bavaria ns a , young mao of twenty>oae a most romantic, disposition. Xn the ami pa eeantry of the throoc A the dry .figures.of his Minister iqf Finance, and ibo lqng winded dccnmenls of him. of Foreign AtThlxs, he sees but the sordid, soulless action of aman kiod grown heartless ‘ aad’.nnspiritoal. Therefore be shuns the busluess c£ a King, and gives himself up to the thoughts and as pirations of the man within him. He Is fond ot the moonlight, and be. kills on an average one horse a vs,eek through* hla wild riding excursions at.unearthly hours of the night. He is a man of spontaneous thought, and immediate, unreflecting action. He resent.* .bles. Indeed, a.young girl of seventeen, who is all soul and no body, impulsive, dreamy, and sensitive, living in a world of her own, which she believes*to be v heaven, and hard ly realizing the world of feels .and stem reality into which she seldom condescends. to ecler. Such is Louis 11. But If that were ill. it might still be doubtful whether? he be in the right or those who blame him; but it appears, so my’informant, who has been staying at Hohenschwangan, tells me> that Ms Majesty has shown dOTS of swore serious absence of mind about aa hour's waltlDS distance fi-cm hb castle several small bn !f. “S® 1?®? hills that rise In every direction to a, heleht ; ofstoal thirty feet on the grounds of Ho r beivchwongan. ;.ne walks.out to these, bats 1 ft tteLiled by Ms usual retinae, and on nrn i .vlrgatthe bottom ofUiehUU.ha leave® hU ■ attendants, ascends alone and. sits down i Eomrtlmesforhcurs readlnga.hook or gaz : * reSV/tl^somaS^W#^ : Tnnrvnut ikv. A strong conviction exists ’ ’ like to abdicate la fever of ; hlflbrether Otho, whilom Kin ? of the Greeks. 1 end were itnot that this profect-Is opposed : bv the and' that there Is al ready one Kfne pensioned off end'stUl living. . Wfatn the old King die* it Jb cxtremelr prob able that the bojlsh dreamer wQI he allowed to have his own* way—abdlfgte.-and spend hi» lifetime amid old hooka (tad'Wagner's new