Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 24, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 24, 1867 Page 2
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Cljicciga tribune. DAn.T;Tni-TTEEKtT ATS!) WEEKLY. OFFICE. Me. »l «!b*KH-ST. are Uirre editjoiu of ttf Tatatnn mued. Ist. veryiooniina,fbrcircoi*n»n or earners, oevseast ane me mans, M. Th*T«i-tv*rxLT,: Monday*. Wea. q(wUts tad Frtdsr*. *hc malls! only; tad tbs nn TtBfMiTS. ret tbe mails .and tale at oar counter aadbv newsmen, . rpnu «1 tbe Cbteus Trlbano t palir delivered In tbe nty incr wee«) 9 99 " M -•• *• (per quarter).... 3,99 Daffy. to mall sabscribrra (prr anrata, pays- MTUKO I*loo Trl-lfedrty. fper antnw. payable in advance) H.QU Weekly, (per ammm. Darabe In advance) *J.OO ■ or Frtftltonalpart* of the year at tbe same rate*. tr renoo* trmlttiQK «od orderinc fire or non copies of either tbe Tri-Weeklr or Weekly edUUmv iDtyrrtalnrenpcrdeijloftbeiQbscrtpUon priceu a oommbßioa,- • ■)< hone* to SrupCsißW*.—la ontertn? the addret* n; rent pphwe Chanced, lo prevent delay, no pure atd •peclOr what edition yea take— weekly. Tft-WoeXly, or DaUf-. Also, gtveyoarptttnTtßdratare aid rest tr Money, by Draft, Bxpreu. Money ora-irn, ona RritrtertdlMtOT. rnarbcßrtitatoarniir. Adlrtcv, Till HUNK CO.. Cljicato. HI. THURSDAY, JANUARY 24.'1807. TAXATION-XVOOI,_r()Nri*nATION. 11l a recent arlVlo Jto dcmoiistralcd thot as choice of evils, U were far belter for Con* grcM to vote eight or ten millions of bounty totlbfl woobgrowors out of (1m Treasury, Ilian to pass their htjltlouhllng the tax on Imported wool. Amt herewith we present a fow additional fluff* and consideration* In fa- vor of that ansfffttlon which wo commend to the serious consideration ofthe public. 1. It is nimmlcnlshtc axiom that all taxes. whether called excises, Inrlir., or Imposts, are in the nature of assessments upon Urn annual production of the nation. And whether such taxes are levied in the form of a duty upon foreign Imposts for which domes*- tic products have been exchanged, or iu the form of an Internal tax upon domestic pro ducts or real estate, they arc still assess ments upon the Industry and production of the people. They are so much toll taken from the grist sent to mill. 2. The legitimate object of taxation Is to raise funds to support the- Govern ment. A tax levied for the purpose of tak ing money out of the pockets of the'mosscs and giving it to a special interest Is simply legalized robbery and swindlrnsr. and to call such a tax “protection to'American indus try” is lo add insult to larceny. S. In levying taxes on imported goods bought and consumed by the American peo- ple, the principles of protection only re quire that the rates be so adjusted as to do the least harm to the public who pay the duties, for no matter how they arc levied or what discrimination is made against one ar- ticle and - iu favor of another, t/u: amount of duties coflrctcd itJiut that much taxation on the people—that mtuJi money taltcn out of their earnings. Ko casuistry, no sophistry, no de nial. can shake this stubborn fact- 4. Now, an Increase of the taritT.or in other words, an Increase of taxation on imports is an increase of taxation on the people of the United States who purchase tho goods, and it Is clearly legislation in the direction of higher price* of goods; for as Commissioner Wells ju.-tlj observes. “Ifthis result docs not follow, then the r««7 sought by the advo. cates of the Home Tariff* Bill will not be at- but they will be sorely disap* tinned pointed. r». Dnrinjsr the fiscal year ending July 1 ISf-G. tbc taxation upon the Imports pur* chased bv the American people was at tbc average rate of per cent, and amounted to $180,000,000 in gold, or $275,003,000 in cur- In other words, rency valucof that year. the American people paid 6150,000.0000 f taxes in gold, in tbc form of duties upon foreign imports, for which domestic prodnets were exchanged. This enormous taxation really fell upon the domestic products which were bartered for the foreign goods. The American producers gave ol their own pro ducts a sufficient quantity to pay for the foreign articles, and also *o pay the Govern ment its toll oi $180,000,000 Vsldcs. The iut|K>st tax, therefore, conies out of the pock ets of the American people* who •exchanged their surplus products with the’people of other countries for their s urpliis products. 0. It is conceded, in and out of Congress, by prohibitionists as well as protectionists, that the tariff has reached 1 lie highest reve nue standard, and, on many articles, has gone beyond it. The additions made to the tariffhy the act of July 2*, ISOfi, hare de creased, rather than increased, the revcuuc. The additions now proposed are for two ex press purposes—viz., to ml'ire th* rerentte and to tunkf itoo’tJ* andtparen dearer. It i> the pro hibitionists and speculator* who are hound ing on Congress to make goods dearer at the expense of the revenue and of the people. 7. The large wool growers complain that wool is too cheap. They accordingly ask Congress to levy an additional tax on im ported wool equivalent to ten or twelve cents per pound. It Is not their lutenilot* that the national treasury shall get the piocculs of the tax: ou the contrary they expect to reap It themselves; not only so. but they expect to pocket the revenue which tbc Government now derives from its lax on imported wool. The aim arrt Intention U. to make the duly practically prohibitory, (hereby excluding foreign wool and at the same time forcing Ihe price ofbomc-gronu trod ten or twelve cunts above the market value. S. But at this Interesting singe of the proceedings tho manufacturers of woollen fabrics step for word and necessarily demand a corresponding liiorca-m in the tax upon tho importations of all munnlurlnrcd woollen goods; lor it h clear that unless this lucre sed taxis also levied tho home inannlhcMircr wliti his dear, high taxed wool will be undersold nnd driven out out of (he market. U. Ni w, the value i f wool In n tnnnurac tmed form is four times greater per weight than ran woi.l ; that Is, n pound of woollen cloth worth four lime.- as much asa pound of wool. The wool clip the of Culled Slates Inst year sold for about MM). The wholesale value ot the wo dlens maim- factum) therefrom equalled The valticof the woollens iinih* from import* ed word ivnsiM*rhnvs,s.V),oo.'V , W«mllhe val ucof imported woollen goods was about $*K),- 000,001) more. Cou-equenlly, tin; wholesale currency value of the woollen coods manufuc luted uml purchased during the lineal year 18041 was $100,000,000, nml the retail co*t of the same to the people who purchased them tvut at least $4.10,000,001, 10. IfCongress grants the detnaud of the large wool-growers, and forces up the price of wool, say, twenty per cent., and .then in* creases the lax on Imported woolens as pro- Tided In the hill before the Senate, sixteen , percent-, wc have the followms; results (50,000,000 of wool will cost ffio,onn/m0 The wool growers will gain KI,OOU,fVR) rzn coNTiti. (450,000,000 worth of woollcu fabrics will cost 1R percent extra, or 55i\001,OKt Loss to the purchasers of woollens... 7gno.VJUO It Is thus seen that while the Wool Bill, pending In Congress, may put ten millions of dollars into the pockets of the sheep men, it will take out of the pockets of the whole people who purchase woollen goods, ta-mly-tiro tnUUttu, , The hill will make the clothes of the people dearer by that sum. Bear in tulud that the woollen manufacturers do not ask for any In crease of the existing high duties on import* ed woollens unless the price of wool be legfclaUd up to their injury, by the process proposed by the hill before the Senate. And we call the special attention of small wool growers to a fact which may have escaped their attention, viz: that every man who keeps a flock of less than one hundred sheen will lose more money by the increased cost of the clothing of his family than he will gain by the forced advance in the price of wool. It is only on the excess above ono hundred sheep that a roan can expect to make a cent from the proposed special tax on the people. But the large flock masters like Grlnncll of lowa, Went worth of Illinois, or Ecklcy of Ohio may bag considerable plunder; but for every dollar they thus legislate into their pockets they will legislate seven out of the pockets of their constituents. The object of the tax not being to aid tbc Government in raising rev enue, nor to lighten the hardens ofthc people, nor to foster or protect the interests ofthc tax payers ofthc United States: but instead thereof to make the clothing of the people seventy millions a year dearer than now. In order that a class of larjjc sheep owners may receive ton millions more fur their wool than the market price of their .fleeces. Wc denounce such agitation as a gross vio lation of Republican principles, and an out rage on the American people. If the wool men must have for their wool ten millions of dollars more than their property is worth, we Insist that the money be voted to them as a special bounty or charity out of the National Treas ury ; as that mode of coj fiseation will inflict hut one seventh of tbc evil upon the people of tbc nefarious scheme before Congress, for reducing the revenue of the Government, and adding sixteen per ccut on the cost of the garments of the poor os well as of the rich* £S?”A Washington despatch stales that if the tarllTblll before the Senate becomes a law, It will not yield for the flrot year, more than onc-futlf of the amount of revenue that Is being derived from the present act. - The tame despatch stales that, “notwithstand ing there is a strong pressure to induce the Ways and Means Committee to repeal tbe live per cent lax on manuTacturc*, it will not be done this session. Neither will they re dace the tax on cotton/ 1 The people were in hopes that more than n hundred millions of internal taxation would be abolished this session of Con gross. But It seems tflat In consequence of the contemplated prohibitory features of the proposed tariff cutllug the receipts from that quarter to places, It will bo. necessary to re tain tbc whole load of oppressive Internal Uxca. This Is a pleasing condition o! affairs ffud a lovely out-look for tho future. rail. BOUTWBIX’S AND THB SVFBKflltt t'ODHI. Mr. Boutwc'l’fl bill proposes to make It a mlc in all the Courts qf the Culled State*, that no one who has participated la the re* beUloo, treason, brlb ry, murderer other felony, .shall bo allowed lo practice as an attorney at the! bar of such Courts. TUU.proposltion will (bo approved and sustained by the moial sense of the na tion; nevertheless wo believe tjhat It will, of Itself, prove utterly Inefficient to accomplish the object sought. It docs not go to the root ofthc matter. The Richmond Whiq is right when it speaks of President Johnson as having .been “reinforced by the Supremo Court;” and Ills certain that If this bill posses, U wIU bo .promptly, act aside or altogether disregarded. Although different In Us lan guage and Its details from the test oath law, It yet contains tbo same principle which the Supreme Court has just told us makes that an ex pout facto law.. There U no hope that tbo-Cpurt will recede from that position, nor, could’ it, with any proper sense ofUsqwo, dignity, place among its rules one which It lias just pronounced to bo contrary to the ‘ Constitution. Mr. Boutwoil's bill, then,'if adopted, will amount to little tuorotliau a’ solemn declaration on tho part of Congress, Hint U has the power to expel traitors ami rebels from nil share In the administration of the laws, unless Congress shall at the sumo lime take such slops ns arc nCeeslary to re* strtrl the Supremo Court itself within lliu sphere of its legitimate duties. The power of the Hupremo Court to udjudgu it law eon* Irnry to thu Constitution, uml on Hint ground to teftiso to enforce 11, In too obvious amt too | Well settled lo bo called lu (jue«thm. Ami whenever it become* apparent Uml It has determined to o»o that power fur Km pur* pones of Injustice and usurpation, It Is Iho duty of Congress diligently to address itself to tho task of restraining It, by the | oxtTeUo of its lawftil power, and to call Into activity tho dormant authority of the Constitution to prevent tho mischief. It i would bo a deplorable spectacle to sue Con* 1 gross on the one hand busy in passing laws | over again as fast as the Supremo Court might set them aside, and the Supremo Court tstfually busy in pronounclug the laws ol Congress unconstitutional as last as they could be brought before It for adjudication. Such a course corulnly would not be worthy I of the representatives of the people. We want not anger, and scorn, and defiance of the Supreme Court; but we do want a calm, and dignified, and constitutional remedy against tbe evils with which we arc men* need by that high tribunal. Such a remedy we believe Is to be found in the measure pro posed by Mr. Williams, or in some measure akin to It. The passage of Mr. Boutwell's bill, however, can do no harm, unless It should be regarded as a vindictive and spite* ful measure, and unwise because powerless. It will at least stand as a declaration of tbe legislative branch ofthc Government, that it has the power to establish such a rule In regard to the Courts, the Supreme Court to the contrary notwithstanding. Such a declaration would be more appropriate, If the body making It did not bold within Us own hands the means of redress., Wuen the House of Commons put upon record Us declaration that Parliament alone had the power to levy taxes, It periormed a noble and heroic action, because tbe King and the Com is were leagued together to subvert the liberties of the country, and to maintain the right of the Crown to levy taxes at its will, without the consent of Parliament, and Par liament was powerless to prevent them. And so their solemn osscrtlon of this and other rights has justly been regarded us one of the great landmarks In the history of constitutional liberty. But what should we say of this famous House of Commons, had it possessed the power to hold in cln ck both the Courts and the Crown by legal and constitutional means, snd of giving practical lorce to tbe princi ples it proclaimed, and had, nevertheless, contented itse’f with a mere assertion of a power it was too pusillanimous to exercise? The men who made this declaration, instead of standing In history as brave defenders of their country's freedom, would, in that ease, be branded as infamous cowards. While, thereto) o, there may be no great harm In pasblngii bill which has virtually been set aside already as unconstitutional. It seems to ns that a prompt application of a constitu tional n-medy Is the plain and unquestiona ble duty ol Congress. jpVWe understand well that Mr. Boutwell’s bill has everything to recommend It to the people. It would doubtless be a popular measure, at least furu time. No one sympa thizes with Its purpose more heartily than wo. and 11 is because we so sympathize with it that we would not have Congress content iiself.with such a measure. Let the axe he laid to (he root of the tree, Lei the Supreme Court, which has “rein fomd” Andrew Johnson andJclf. Davis, be rendered powerless to thwart the people In their resolve that loyal men only shall udmlu- I icier ’he laws ol this country, whether as ex- 1 cenlivts. magistrates or attorneys. (Jive us j a remedy and we can dispense with empty delmnci ut d menace. T*. shake the (Ist at an : enemy Is onl> n momentary gntilleatlon ; to di-arm him if the l>.-k of wisdom. No ques tion, aside fr-.m the organization of loyal and constitutional Governments in the rebel i .States, Is at this mom. nt more interesting t» tin.-country, or more important it* Us wet. ; fine, ihnti the nttUnd»of the Supieme,Court, | and the eonr ß c that Congress wll* pursue on thlr momentous question. The people see with dismay that such men as .Tore Ilhirk. Iluelmmm’s Attorney General, win* gave an official oplninlon that there U u*» power hv the Government to prevent secession by | force, have become the eulogists and appi- , rent advisers ol the highest tribunal in the > land. Tiny see with dummy a decision 1 which proclaim* that traitors and rebuts have the vested right lo act as officers of United Slates Cruris, and that Congress has im tight to expel them. They see with dls. may lh« organ of tho Court’ departing from the (pn sthms of law Involved in the record, (o make a "Mump speech,” In which he vlr tnullv imiinee* the Union officers with pains mil peimMU's for doing their duly against the enemies ol I heir country. They see with dltimiy that unless a remedy Is applied. Con. giess will he powerless to establish loyal Governments In thc'Soulh.or lo maintain the freedom of the cmiraelpatcd slaves. Amt. In view of these threatened evils, which, If not avedvd, can only end lu civil war, they ex pect Congress lo exercise the power Con. tuned by the Constitution which makes ll am? ter ot the sltiutiou In ttds time of >cril. “MIME Ji NOVKKKhhUtY.U : mne < ays ago in commenting upon the lopcMtidi before the State Legislature to i-uivido a uvw teal fur the State of Illinois, we suggested that in renewing the seal, the pulton of the motto Included in the words “State Suveteighty” bo omitted or changed. Our reason for making the suggestion was that the tcbellion wts undertaken to uphold the doctrine of “StuteSovcrcignty,” and the four years war had decided there was no such thing. We objected to having the “lost cause” perpetuated in the motto of the State of Illinois which had sent two hundred thousand of her sons to crush it out* The Cincinnati Enquirer , the organ of that portion of tho Democracy so aptly defined by tbc Chicago Timer as “Bourbouized,” hastens to tbc rescue of a doctrine which in the days of Calhoun and nullification was forced upon the Democratic party. The En i{utre,\ by way of compelling us to acknowl edge State Sovereignty, asks exultiugly, “ Who protects the editor of the Tkibl*xe in his life, liberty ami property but the State of Illinois J” The Stale of Illinois by law provides for tlie protection of the lives, lib erty and property of the people of the State while they are within the State, and when they go out from her limits, for instance to Cincinnati, they arc protected by the laws of Ohio, and the State of Illinois has no Jurisdiction over them to protect them from the snares which arc set for innocent and unsuspcctiog.stran gers in that wicked city. Citizens of 111 - note in leaving (he borders of the State arc uot protected by her “sovereign” flag' and n Cincinnati Justice of the Peace would never be able to comprehend that an Illinoisan brought before him for folly committed after tasting the whiskey of that city, was a citi zen of a foreign State, owing allegiance to Illinois, and in no wise a subject of the Ohio sovereignty. The American citizen who finds hlmsclfin trouble In any part ofthc world, docs not in voke the assistance and protection of the Slate of which he was a resident when nt home; he Invokes the protection of the na tional flag, tbc symbol of tbc national author- ity to which he alone owes allegiance, and which alone Is bound to protect him. Wc have heard of the interference of the national authority in foreign States for the protection of American citizens, and the “Sov- ercipn ” power of a State to protect Its people beyond its limits would be laughed at os contemptuous ly In tlic State of Oblo, as it would be in ibe despotism of Turkey. The State of Ohio protects Us people and tbe city of Cin cinnati protects Us inhabitants. Oue gov eminent Is the creation of tbe other, aud is subordinate to that other. Tbe State Gov ernment may be abolished, and the Govern ment 01 the United States, whose authority is over all, may create another, and whether the State Government exists or not, or whether It protects Us people or not, the superior authority of the United States con tinues, and to it the people may appeal. If the degree of “sovereignty” to which a citlrcn la subject depends upon the extent to which he is taxed for the protection af forded h>s life, liberty and properly, then the sovereignty to which the people of this city are subject belongs in tbo proportion of sevtn-tenihs to the Mayor and Common Council of Chicago, two.tcnths to the Super visors of Cook County, and one-tenth to the State of Illinois. Hero is a “sovereignty” so divided that it bailies even the Kentucky resolutions of 'OB. Tho same paper pathetically asks If tho editor of the Tribune was murdered, what the National Government would do about it ? Wo suppose that would depend very much upon the chcmnstanccs of the murder. If lo woe killed io Illinois, the murdcrerwonld be prosecuted under the laws of this State. But If commuted beyond this Stale, then the “ sovereignty ” to which according to the Xnquirer he owes an allegiance, and which owes him protection, would have never a word to say on the subject. It,com* milted Id another Slate, and^that. State're fused to proscchto accord ing to the theory of tb'eClvllßights latf, the United States would]*-tdko cognizance of the matter. 'v- The fact Is these JJourbonUcd gentry talk' as wildly about State sovereignty as they were accustomed to do, when it was neces sary to shield slavery behind some such due* trine. Except as o protection for slavery, there never was an opology for. ‘reversing tbe maxim that the whole is greater than Its 'patti* to that oho State had a sovereignty that wWshplfcme to that of the whole na tion. There- never was a more monstrous propoeltKn than that the people residing In nhlato-owcan allegiance to that State su perior to that which they owe to the Na tional Government. The attempt to main tain that doctrine has cost hundreds of thousands of lives; the attempt lo Keep “such ati absurd delusion alive ran have no other object than to cover Intended treason, and In weaken (ho National authority. It should therefore bo branded ns Illiniums, and no tUatc, and no political organization should recognize or tolerate It one moment. We uro luitlllcd tty the Mu/ulrrr that “the original and primary amireo of all Govern* no nia In this country, are thn titates." Tills la reversing the order of things. Tim Suites of Ohio tmil Illinois trace their official ox* IsU-nee to the nets of Congress declaring them Hiatus of the Union. They never could huvo been States had not the Government so ordered. To assert that tbe original and primary source of the parents, arc the chil dren,—ls not more absurd than to say that the original and primary source of the Gov* ernment of the United States, arc the thirty six States, twenty-three of which that Gov ernment has created, and Invested with po litical life. But the day has passed for discussion of this matter. State sovereignty la exactly what the rebel poeta style it, a “ lost cause.” It is hurled beneath the bodies of four hun dred thousand slain In the struggle to main tain It. It has been burled la tbe same grave with slavery, to know no resurrection while man bos the knowledge of freedom and the strength to uphold it. TBE LOTTERY BUSINESS. A correspondent whosigns himself‘‘Ticket- Holder,” writes to us on tbe subject of our recent article entitled, “Drawing the Opera House “Bare there not been,” he Inquires, ‘'editorial noUco in the Tnrnrxz (and other newspapers as well), which tended and were calculated to In spire confidence la tbe public mind in relation to tbe so-called Art Association enterprise—edito rials virtually endorsing it as au enterprise worthy bl the confidence and patronage of .the people rl lareo." As we edit only one newspaper we shall not undertake to answer for tbe others re ferred to by our correspondent. It is not true that any editorial notices, contribu tions, communications, or selected matter* have appeared in the Tribune endorslnglbe Opera House scheme, or any other lottery, or lending to Inspire confidence In It. Wc have been notified from time to time that we could make considerable money by openin'; our columns to that kind of literature. Wo do not claim any credit for haring refused to do so. Probably we arc justly liable to cen sure .‘‘or not bavin*: singled it out from the mast; of tbc gambling enterprises of the d.*y t'*r e?p*clal reprobation, as being the mo&t objectionable of all, by reason of Its nagnltnde and quasi responsibility. What ever censure we may be justly liable to on his score we will accept without cquivoca- ion. But il is not true, as alleged hy our 'orrespondent, who signs himself “ Ticket- Holder,” and os the Milwaukee Sentind af- firms, that we have given tbc slightest en dorsement or encouragement to Mr. Crosby’s “ Art Association,” from Its inception to its conclusion. Organs of Monopoly and RonnnuY.— There Is a class of starveling venal journals in the West as well as In Ihc East, which ad vocate every outrageous scheme to enable monopolies to fleece the public and specula tors to rob the rest of community under sanction of statutes. The extortions prac ticed by the former ate denominated by by those corrupt journalists, “vested rights,” and the roberrics committed ou the community by speculators and special inter ests arc duboed “protecting American in dustiy.” Pii>itreiw of Ituitllcntion. The Slates w hlch have ratified the Consti tutional Amendment arc Connecticut, New Hampshire, Tennessee, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Oregon, Vermont, Now York, Ohio, Missouri, Kansas, Maine, West Virginia, Illi nois, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota—eighteen in oli. In nearly all these States the vole In favor was very large, and in some II was nearly unanimous. The ratification by two more Slates only is re quired to make il a part of thu Constitution —Unit is counting the twenty-six Status winch actually form the Government of the country a» sufficient to act In the matter. In a lew days Pennsylvania and Nevada will • ntliyit. making thu reqmdtc number. Cali fotnln, Nclmmko nnd Colorado arc sure to fdlow before thu end of this session of Con gress. When this (dial) he accoin(dished, as the New York JferaM remarks, “ Congress trill Immediately, we suppose, formally de clare the amendment a part of the Consti tution and pass the necessary inea-mrcsto ciif"ice It. Thus thu late rebel States will bo relieved IVtnii doing what appears to be so repugnant to—them ; tho .Nniemlnnil will become n law hi spile of them and without their action. The country may rejoice that this great, preliminary measure to restoration l> mi nnu* n vummumathm.” PERGONAL. (Imicnd Grant has been *acces*fiil in hu law «nP ot M. Urals. A vivnlot was glvun in his Javor to IhcnmmiM of f ITU damages, far iiida’vCiil hold ing ol bit lar.o, amt fcni.CC per month for hack tents. * A dry cooils firm at Boston pay a rear fur the rent of their store on Wn»bliigtoa i-IICCt. The segregate nec ol tho sis living children of John Kfcty, who died al Middleton la ISfit, a<;ed ninety-two, Is 491 years, an average ol over cigiur. Mr. Stewart Intends enlarging bis up-town store nt New York, so that It will cover the entire square hounded by Broadway, Tenth street, Fonrth are* nnc and Nlnlh street. U will then be tho largest. If not tbc most magnificent business establish, moot in the world. 6 Kills 11. Itobcrts, of the Utica finals Is most prominently mentioned ns tho successor ot Mr. ConUlne, New York's now Senator, In the lower bonsc of Congress. Colonel John Hay, who was first Secretary of Legation under Mr. Bigelow, has retired, and Mr. Warren Hoffman, who was first appointed second Secretary, has assumed tbc position of first Secre tary pro tttn, until he receives his comulsslon as first Secretary. Tho second Secretaryship will be filled by Mr Charles Dix, the eon of the Minister. Onwoia-Oppositioc-W*l*rcsby.crianlßm Hutch inson is the name of a son of a Hardshell Baptist preacher in West Ely, Marlon Uonniy, Missouri. A (c) ice match Is on ibe fo/ds between Carrie Moore, of New York, and Nellie Dean, of Chicago, the two “ Skntorlal “ queens* Secretary Stanton has tamed over to Secretary Browning, of tbc Interior Department, for safe keeping, the chair occupied by President Lincoln when shot by Booth at Ford’s Theatre. It bos been in tbc custody of tbc War Department since the night of the assassination. Mr. Leonard W. Jerome has given (5,000 to Princeton, N. J., College, the interest of which Is to be annually expended In the purchase of a m«dal to he awarded to tbc graduating senior, who shall be declared by a vote of bis classmates to be the first gentleman in his class. The C onntcss Montbolon was bom in St. Louis, and is a daughter ol the late General Gratiot. The Meksek.—Says a Paris correspondent; “Adah Isaacs Menken appeared at the Galctc on Sunday evening lu a pantomime part in an old piece entitled Let Pi rat ft de la Sarane. A crowd ed house greeted her and applauded her la the most vodlcroas manner ae, clothed In her exceed ingly light costume, attached to a fiery steed by the and her wrists, she dashed np the steep ltdiro which represented the rocky mountains. The critics give her first rate notices, and one of them describes her as follows : ‘Want Is the most seductive la her is not tho fpl-ndorof her atti tudes, tier the flame other expressive eyes, nor the fine paleness of her delicate band. Ills the fineness acd extreme mobility of her nostrils and her lips. One might Imagine in looking at her that some Readier, refining his art to excess had modelled, ent and softened them at his leisure with tbc most delicate ol chisels. The month opens to show a sparkling laugh, white tho nos tuk quiver and beat like <be wines of a butterfly which the bond ol an infant has made a pris oner,’ ” rninADELruiA.—Statistics of Philadelphia trade for ISCC show an Increase over 1863 of 161 in the nnmber of vessels employed In foreign trade, and of 4,139 in coastwise vessels. The Increased ex port in petroleum la specially noticeable. The total exports to foreign countries in lSt>s amonnt cd to V2,15G,292 callous, and in 1333 to 26,833,056 call-ins, valued at {11,274,397, or only about £1,800,009 less than the total valnc ot oar exports of last year. The halloing permits issued iu 1*66 Indicate a largo increase in the number of dwell ings, stores, and factories. Ajt AJtzmcAK Hiflk Abroad.—An American rifle, Ibe “Kcmlncton." has been adopted by the Bavarian Government, for (bo armament of the military forces of the HJmrdom. It was laid be* lore tho Minister of War at the begumim; of De cember, and was immediately submitted to a spe cial commission. Thirty-two shots were fired with h In odd nilonles and th<rtjr-two seconds, and 2*IW shots liuto been fired wllhoul the rifle hav lint been cleaned. Litziutu&b tx Boston.— The New York Ectn~ I rig J*oat % under tbo display bead of several liner, “Boston Books,” “Literature In (bo Modern Athene,” “Ibe Now England Book Trade, “Pub lications of the Week,” publishes the following: [Special Correspondence of tbo Kvenhut PosLJ Boston, January Id—S p. m. Not a slnylp book has been pnbtiabed in Boston during tbo past week. FROM SPRINGFIELD. Internal Improvements by Gen- cral Lair. Restrictions ion Railroads. , 1 > provisions of Mr. ‘ Payne’s Bill to' v freight and : :, ~J. Passenger , Tariffs. Important Apportionment Bills. Proposed Ecdltlslon of - Congressional and Legislative Districts. (Special Corrcßpondcnce of the Chicago Tribune ] HvontoriXLD, 111.. January 9i. INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS HV GENERAL LAW Mr. Shirley, ofMacoupiu, introduced loto the House, to day, a bill to provjdo for “ in ternal Improvements by Gonoral Law.” Thn following ore the leading features of Urn bllli " Section one provides that whenever any number of pci sons shall associate for the pur pose of controlling and operating any rail* n ntl, canal, turnpike, or any other work of Internal Improvement, am) shall apply lotho County Court, or other proper authority, for Its assent, ns a work of public utility, and thesaldCounlyCourtshAUgivonssimt I” such work a* being of public ami general utility, Urn said associates may file articles of usio* elation with tbu County Clerk, or other cus< todlan of county records, and the project ol the enterprise contemplated, and a subscrip tion list of the sums of money each sub scribed. Section two provides that such subscribers may become a body corporate, with the usual powers granted to such corporations. Section three provides for tue usual liabilities of such subscribers. The stock of all such enterprises mu&t be divided into shares of Oily dollars each. Liberty Is granted to tho companies organized under this law to bor row money, with the consent of the county authorities, to Issue bonds, deliver deeds of trust, mortgages. <kc. Section four gives power to said counties whose assent has been given to such enter prises to provide and regulate the tariff rates and charges for transporting freight and pas sengers, and also power to enforce all other needed rules and rcgolations; ard the said counties shall provide for and guarantee to.tfac persons thus invest ing i hen- money, os stockholders, iu any such enterprises, annual dividends of ten per cent upon the amount of stock subscribed and actually paid in at required. This act shall be liberally construed for tho encour agement of tbe enterprises contemplated therein, and the companies thereunder form ed with all the necessary powers and author ity to carry out the purposes and objects herein contemplated, and shall be subject to all the liabilities of corporations generally. Section live provides that the provisions of the act shall apply to enterprises extending to or embraced within more than one court* ty, except that no county shall be required to guarantee, or shall have authority beyond its own limits. restriction on railroad tariffs. N The bill introduced by General Ilurlbut, npon the restriction of railroad tariff's, has been published. The following bill. Intro duced by Colonel Payne on the 11th inst., will attract attention: Ah act to rtgulale freight and passenger faring on ratlroads In the Stale of Ulxm-ia. Section 1. 'ihat it shah noibc lawfil fnr ao> railroad company wiihln the State of illfna;s which las been, or which may hereafter be, con* strarted and operated within this Stale, to de mand and receive a greater rate for the traaipor lotion of freight and passengers than is In Ibis act provided, to wit: For all kinds of freight usually denominated In railroad schedules first r]a»s, and one and one* half first doss and double first cla*s ana special rate freight, excepting as otherwise specified herein, a sum maybe charged and recelvd not ex* c» edlng twelve rents per one hundrea ponndsfor the first thirty miles the some may be transport ed; and-for cveiyadoitlonai six miles mat the same may be transported, a further sum of eight tenths of one cent per one hundred pounds may be charged and received, except seen articles os art* herein otherwise classified. For all hinds of freight usually denominated St coud class freight, a sum maybe charged and received not exceeding ten cents per one hundred pounds for the first tnirty miles dial the same may i-c transported; and fer evcij additional six miles that the same may be trauspored, a further sum of smen lenih-i of one cent tor each hundred pounds may »>c charged and received. For nil kinds of freight usually denominated third class, a -lira may he charged and received not exceeding eight cents per one hundred m’lcs for the first thirty miles ibai ibe same maybe transported; and for every additional six miles that the same may be transported, a further sum of six-tenths of one cent per numbed pounds may bi* charged and received. For all kinds of freight usually de nominated fourth class, which class ennll he deemed to Include among other articles all hinds of grain, Hour, beef, po:k and all kinds of live stock. coal, lam bet, wood, alone and brick, a sum may be charged not exceeding six cents per one hundred pounds (or the first thirty mile* that the same maybe transported, and for every additional six miles (ha ibe same may be transported, a further sum of five-tenths of one ecu' per one bandied pounds, may b'; charged and received. i\ui in ovtei tmumg the clarification ol freight the Fcncduic shall be the same as that of Ibu Union Frtl-bl ClnsslfiraUnn u ndontnd by railroads iui nlrc w» st, north west, and south west of Chi cago, Itarinc and Milwaukee—December 20th, IHiifi.exivpf as rail'd oy tht terms of this ac\ And it shall be tbe duty of the Secretary ol State to have an autbentic copy of said classification of fright printed In tho Appendix of Ibe printed volume of the general laws of tbe State for tbe year 1917. Atm said conies so printed shall bo re el lied in evidence In all eases arising nndcr this act. And for dlMnnccs of Uilriy miles and under, tt o rate ehnll not exceed two-fltlbs (2-Mof one ceit tier mile per hundred pounds on first-class intent, oui'-ihlid tt-'l) of one coni per mile. per bundled, on stcond class fidget, ard ronr-fllleemhs of one cent per mill* per hundred on third das* freight, and ouc-flrih (l-C) of one cent per mile per hun dred for founti class freight. /Vond dinat when i-ont. Mode, brick, lumber, grain or wood arc leaded or unloaded by the owner or his agent, uo mote than one half or tnu above rates shall be ebarged. further, that shippers shall nlwsys have the privilege or loading and unload ing cua% lumber, stone, wood, or brick and gndt*. Hlc. 3. For the transportation of passengers a Mini may he charged and rreetud not exceeding tin to certs per mile for any distance. Hie. a, Every isllroud company within this Male shall irceivo and transport In lgld In the oinci it imiv be ufiered without toward to (ho city, town, county, comdty or belt ol country from widen It may lie bumght, except live stork and peitrlmhlo property (rich ns drived hogs, poul try, came, green fruit, and ilio like which »hall, ! It demanded, have the preference and ho inn*. I polled as soon us thu owner or consignor mar do* rl;e. And whenever any freight of any kind or de* scilPtion shall Ini tmo'ierrcfl from ont rati* toad to another, m nny of Die donuis, ImgH bom>o*, uatoliimito", or railroad cro-slng* ■ in thin Statu, It shall bo tho ilmy ot the companies delivering amt receiving tmei' fn lclit to transfer, ami delivn* tho aamu from one road to ibo other without delay, and la the older tr which they ahull hnvo been received at the rtlflercn*. tdalloua aforesaid, and no profer.nco shall bo given In any manner by drawback or nth* ciwbcto any perron or company over any other perron or company. Stc.l. Krery railroad corporation or company doing business in this State under a charter or fmorblso granted by Ibo State, shall receive, re* ccipi fo>, and forward lu the order to which It may be presented to them, and in accordance with the requirements of section third of this act, and to tbe patty to whom the tamo mav be consigned, or to some point ot delivery on rain company’s route nearest or most convenient to the rcsldo-oo or place of Business of the consignee, (such consignee or point of delivery to be du signaled by tbe consignor,) or to some warehouse, grain warehouse, grain depot, elation, depot, elevator, freight depot, or pla;c, winch may be destgr.ated.hy the owner or con* signor, all grain ami other produce, freight of all kinds and livestock. M;c. 5. For every neglect or refusal of every railroad companv, hr themselves or agents, to comply with the provisions of this act, or any or either of them, or should any railroad company . bv themselves or agents, violate any of the pro* visions of this act in the slightest degree, such I railroad company so neglecting or refusing to comply as aforesaid, or violating any of the pro* vis ops ot this act as ctoresaid, shall forfeit and pay to cither owner or consignee of each grain, produce, freight,livestock, article, or thing, the sum of ninety-nine dollars, to no sued fo> and collected before any Justice of the Peace in the county, wherein may reside the person sulag, and said suit may bo commenced by service of summons on ary agent of said company or corpora tion ; and the prosecution of said company or cor poration by said aggrieved | freon for the above penalty, shall be no bar to a prosecution by the sa'd person against the said company for quadruple dama- is nnucr this act. And any lailroad company who shall neglect or refuse to comply with any of the provisions of this act. or who shall violate any of its provisions, shall forfeit and pay to the party aggrieved, a sum quadruple the amount ot damages said party may have sustained, to oe recovered betore any conrt of competent jurisdic tion C ? H"bbin this State, and said suit may be commenced by service of sum mons on any agent of said co-many or corpora lion'tard a suit lor quadruple damages under this act, by any person against any railroad company, shall be no bar to toe suit for Jhc penalty of nine ty.tine dollars nerelnbctore mentioned. Sec. 6. A wilful and continued violation of any of tbe provisions of this act shall work a repeal or forteitmc of the charter of any company guilty of such violation, and it shall bo the duty of tnc court. If a Conrt of Record before which a convic tion of such violation Is had, to give judgment against the offending company or corporation, and appoint a receiver to take charge of its effects, and to dispose of the same according to law and under the direction of the said conrt. Fec. 7. Any officer or agent of any railroad company who shall wilfully violate any of the provisions of this act shall be guilty of a misde meanor, and, upon conviction thereof, sbad he punished by a fine not exceeding on<* thousand dollars, and. on a second conviction, shall oe Im prisoned one year. . bcc. 8. This act shall be an amendment to everv rail* oad charter heretofore or hereafter granted by the people of the S’ate of Illinois. Sec. 9. TbU act shall take clfect on and after the first day of March next. The following is a SCULUULE OF HATES tTNDEB PAYNE S BILL. Freights Freights Freights Freights Ist etas# 2d class 8d class 4th class Ter lon Ter ton Ter ton Ter ton per mile per mile per mile per mile cents, ceula. cents, cents. 30 miles „ . am) under® 5S 4 150 miles...3lMS 31-5 2?j 2 2-15 :ioon>Uc*...B 1-5 323-30 a* 127-30 450mi1e5...8 1-45 228-15 2 2-9 137-13 For 1 ton Mmlles.-.f 2.40 $2.00 $ I,RO (1.20 150m11e5... 6.00 4.f0 400 5.20 aflomilce... 9.60 8.30 7.00 5.«0 450 miles... 13.00 11.60 10.00 8.20 ArronnoxsiENT hills. Mr. Povno, of Lake, will, to-morrow Intro duce bills to apportion tbe State Into Con crcteioufll, Senatorial and Representative Districts, as follows COSORESSIOIfXI. DISTRICTS. First District—The first Concessional District shall be composed of (be First. Second. JThlrd, Ninth. Tenth, Eleventh. Twelfth, Thirteenth, Fourteenth. FlUecnth and Sixteenth Wards of tno city of Chlcsco. and the towns of JefTer -on Lake View, Evanston, Mies, Maine, Elk It rove, Scbannjberg. Hanover. New Trier, North* Held NVLcclllr, PaiaHtc, and Uarrlnston, all In eoou County. The population o! tho dlatrictls 1 17,Uj7. Ueavr llepultHcnn. Second District—Tho Second Congressional District shall be composed of the counties of Lake, McHenry. Boone, Wlnnchaco, Stephenson, popn* l.lton. ltl).Ka ItcjrabllM m.torllv, Third District—Countlcsof JoDarle 8 Carroin Ogip, |.oc, Whiteside, Hock Island. Population, oil] Bread, US.He, Grundy, Putnam, Henry, Mercer, roimlatloa, 150.W0. BopobllcanmaJortiy.r.Boa. Firm Disrntcr—Counties of Dnl’age, Kendall. Will. Kankakee, and the Ibllowloß towns and wards InCook connl/t— Touns of Bloom, Rich, Thornton, Worth, Bremen, Orlaod, Palos, L«. mold, I*ake. Hyde Park, Lyons. Proviso, Calami*!, < icero, and the Ponr.h, Putb.Sixth. Sventi and Eighth waidnof Chicago. Population, 139,8.3. largely Republican. Mvrn lUhTmcT—CottoUea.ot Peoria, Tazewell. Woodford,Llvingsloii.MartDall. Popu lation, 151,123. Republican mt|onit, 8,923. FEVimn District— Counties of Eooz, Fulton, Stark, MfDonough.'Bcbnjlcr. DiCßTi.Casi. Pop* ulawon, 140,1537. Republican majority, 2,811. Kiotrni District—Counties of Warren, II T.der •tn, Hancock. Adams, plUe, Calhoun. Popiua -It n, 149,213. * {Republican majority, 232. Ninth District— Connih*s ofßftDgsmon,T.ogan,v Pe WUI. Mason, Menard, Morgan. Scotr, Oieeue. "Population, 1C6.r>30. ■ Republican majrlty. HR. tenth DistinctI—Connilcs 1 —Connilcs ul Iroq-iols, Ford, Cbsropagiio, Doacl**,'Pl*!l, Moulltle. Shelby. cbtMian. WOnlgomerv, Macon. Pouulatloo, ,49X35: Republican majority. 2.U00. Eleventh District—Counties of Vermillion, Edcsr.Colea, Clark, Cumberland, Cranford, Jas per. Emigbam,l.awreDC“, Wabaih. Popolatloo, 1C0.550. Republican majority, RK TwELrrn District— Ciamles of Wayne, Ed* wards, Ruhlaod, C'ay, Marion. While, Hamilton, Jefferson, Washington, Fayette, Bond. Pupula lailon, 117,233. Republican majority, 07. Tniornirm District—Coombs* .ot-Madfson, Bt» Clair, Monroe, Clinton, Macoupin, Jeraor. Pono'alion.lfiOPafl. Ropublcan majority, 233, Fooutbektu t>UTnicT—Countlea of--Alexan der, Pulaski, Massac, Union, Johnson, Pope, Har din, Jackson, Williamson, Bailee, Gallatin. Ran dolpb. Perry, Franklin. Population, 100,281. Rn publican majority, 719. Total—Republican, 11. BemocraUc, none , a er ato n u l n ism i cts . I First HirnULT-First, bemad, Third, Tblr lo"i tb, Fomle-nlb, Fi'fecnib and Hlxtoouth Ward* of Chicago. Popdlallou, Republi can majority. B,uvß. HScond Hisrnitrr—Fonrlb, Plfib, BJxib. Scv rain. Eighth. Ninth. Tenth nrd Eluvculli Wa-d* ofCblcigo. l*opn atioa, 9P.290. Republican uia- Jmllv, ,fg,B. Timm liumuoT—The lown* of (look Domdv nitUldu of tbo city limlis. tbo Twelfth Ward of Chicago, and Will comity. Population, 80,05*. Roptibllcan roajorliv, dot, Fot'iiiß lii.TiiicT-Conmlcsor Kano, DulM-te, KcndaD, Dpßslb, Populsliou, Rmnibll ran majority, Fimi IM«TIuuT-Coumti*s of Uke, Mctleury, Hoone, Wlniicbsgo. PuputuUun, In,7W. Itoimu llran mnjurlty. 7,MD. Hjxrii DisTiiior-Countles of Jo Daviess, file, plunson, Carroll. Ogle. Population, VJ,'is9. Re publican majority, B.UD, HKvngTii DisTiiiOT—Counties of 7s»e, White side, luck island, i'opulaUon, Bi,W7, Itepubll* can majoi liy, 4,789, Fioiirn DiinucT—Counties of Rnrean, Henry, Populalion. 73,223. Republican major- Airtu Dutbict—Oonnlles of EaSallc, Ornndj', Putnam. Population, 83.701. Republican major liy, S,MB. Tzmtu OieTnicr—Counties of Cbamnalgn, Ver million, Ford, IronnoK Kankakeo. Population, &!M7. Republican majority, *1,740. Elcvkhth Disrnior—Connlies of Uvlngston, Mcl.ean, Woodford, Population, 80,049. Repnb- Dean majonty, 8.70 L IwiLi-rn Disrnier— Connties of Peoria Taxe- Vcll, Mark. Population, 70,183. Republican ma jority, 812. Tzubttexth DisTßicT—Coontles of Knox, Fol ton. Mason. Mensra. Population, 93,673. Uo puldlcan roajoniy, 2,811. Focutkesth Dibtiuct—CounUeaof Hendereon. Warren, McDonough, Schuyler, Brown, Population, l‘y.r.oo. Republican majonty, 633. FinEZjrrn District—Counties ol Adams and Hancock. Fopnlafion, 81,751. Democratic ma jority, 673. Bisteektu District—Connties of Pike, Scott, Morgan, Greene, Calhoun. Population, 89,523.' Democratic majonty, 1,421. sevxstxxsth District—Counties of Loean, Sangamon, Christian. Population, 81,027. Repub lican majority, -172. Eiouteektr District—Connties of DeWm, Macon. Piatt, Moultrie, Shelby, Montgomery. PopuhtiOD, 00,OCC. Republican majorby, 102. NntnxxKTß District—Conntlca of Donslae, Colee, Edcar. Cumberland, Clark. Population, Republican mujorily, 419. Twentieth Diarmcr—Counties of Wayne, Hamilton. White, Edwards. Wabash, Richland, Jnwrencc, Cra*lord. P0pu1d110n,80,774. Demo ciatic majority, 7G3 TivENTT-vmsT District—Counties of Bond. Fav. tie. Marlon, Effingham, Clay, Jasper. Popu lation, 82,453. Republican majority, id. Twbxtv-second Disinter—Counties of ifadl son, Macoupin, Jersey. Population, 86,333. Dem ocratic majority. 539. iwektt-tuuu) DisTmcr— Conn lies of Clinton, Wasbmcton, ferry, Franklin, Jafferaon, William sor, Saline. Population, 9iU53. Republican ma* jority, 810. iivESTT-rocrmi Disnucr—Connllcs of St C ! air. Monroe, Rando'pb, Jackson. Population, $5.(39. Republican majority, 401. TwEXTY-rirru District— Counties of Alexan der, PulhsVi, Massac, Union, Johnson, Pope. ITaniln. (>allatin. Population, 75,028. Republi can majority, 205. Total—Sl Republican; 4 Democratic. DISTRICTS. nrruEf'EKTATiVE member—Wards One and Fmsr Disinter—l Two, Chicago. Population. 21,505. Republican. 1 Second District—! member—'Wards Three and I Four, Chicago. Ponulafon, 32,423. Republican. I Third Disrmo-2 mem'>cw—Wards Five, Six, 1 Seven and Eight, Chicago. Population, -13,729. I Democratic. I Fourth District—2 members—Wards Nine,-I Ten, Eleven and Twelve, Chicago. Population, | 45,98*. Republican. I Firm District—2 membets—Wards Thirteen, I Fourteen. Fifteen and Sixteen, Chicago. Popu- I lation, -11.768. Republics*. I Sixth Di-tkict—2 members—County of Will I atd lUc lullowlng towns In Cook CqudUlJ Rich, 1 Bloom. Orland, Borneo and I don. 43,873. Republican majority, 9C3. I Seventh District—Smomocra—DuPace County I and iho fuilowli p towns in Conk County; Hanover, I Schauxnbcrg. h'U Grove, Birrim.ton, Palatine, 1 Wheeling. Northficld, New Filer, Evanston, 1 Niles, .Maine, Leyden, Jefferson, fjke View, Pro- I vise, Cicero. Lyons, Like, Hyde P.rk, Lcmont, I Palo's Worlh and Calumet. Population 4(3,'.Ui; I Bt-pnblicln majority :,023. I F.ioiitu District—l member.—Take. Popnla- I lion 23,077; Republican majority 1.171. I Ninth Disnucr— 1 member—Mcllcnry. Popu* I laden 23,977; Kepubllcin majority 2,921. I iENTn Disnucr—B members—Counties oft Kano. Boone, DeKaib. Population 93,311; Re* I publican majority 6,199. I Eleventh District—l member—Winnebago. I Population2s,Wl; Bt-publlcaumajority I TwELrra District—2 members—Counties of I bUphcneon and Carroll. Population 49,9 W; Rl- 1 publican majority 2,192. I Thirteenth Disnucr—l member—Jo Daviess, I Population 2»;,487; Ueoubllcau majority 1.017. I Fourteenth District—! memoer—County of [ Ode. Population 25,251; Republican majority I 1,922. I Fifteenth District—l member—Whiteside. I Population2l.l23; Republican majo>ity2,2lß. I bixTSENTH District—l member—Lee. Popnla- I tion 22,W0; Republican majority 1,118. I Seventeenth District—2 members—Rork I Island, Mercer. Population, 82.321. Republican I majority, 1,8?0. _ btouTKENTu District—l member—Henry, Poimlitlou, 25, Republican majority, 2,223. I Nineterntu Disnucr—2 members—Bureau. Pmnam, Sta«k, Population, 10,888. Republican I muiotltv, 9,6(4. Twentieth Disnucr—3 members— Tji Falle, 1 DJvirgMon. Population, 71,113. Republican ma- I jomy. up'-D- 1 IwERTT-nnsr District—l member—Kendall, Gruuly. Population, 23,131. Republican ma joiily. 1,911. , ’ . Twenty-second Distuict—l member—Lanka, 1.0. Population, 18.090. Rcpnbllcan majority, 1,170, Twenty-third Dimrnrr—l member—lroquois. Pomilaiirn, 18,117(3. Republican majority, U 7». Twbntt-foI'UTH District—3 nnimivHs-Mc- I eat-, ’lnmvell, Mason. Population, 70,99?, Re publican majority. 2,115. 'twEKir-nna Distuict— Z members—Peortj, WoLilford, Mnts'oll. Popu atlou, 71,03-1. Repuo licsn tnajoillr, 6UI. TwKKir sixth DtrnucT-8 members-Knox, Ku'ion. Populallo., 71,301. Republican, ma* lorhy, 2,692. Twenty-seventh liisTßirr—l member—War* ivn. Popula'lon, *\W'. Kopubllcan majority, 947, Twftmr-iuoiiTH District—2 members—Ban. cock, Ucmlcrsoß. Population, M.H4I, ftcpubll cur majority, 792. . » Twenty-ninth District—l member—Me* Poiiotigb I’opuia'ion, 23,ii3!i Republican ma jority, 212. Thirtieth District—2 members—Adams; pop* illation, 61, W; Democrstic majority <137. TiiHTY-rnwr District— 3 memoors— Schuyler, Brown, < a*s, Pike; population, 79,1*11; Demo entile majority 1,1*9. TnißTv-stcosn District—l member—Morgan; pi'pu ii'luu, 2(3,292; Democratic majority, 7*. TmttTT-Tiiinn District—. 3 members— Semt. Green, Macoupin, Jersey, Calhoun; population, 77,850; DmtocraUc majority, 1,7(39. Thirty-yourth District— 3 members—Sanpa mon, Logan, Menard: population, 77,151; Repub lican majority, Old. _ Tinimr-nmi Distoict—3 members—Do will, Macon. Christian, Montgomery; population, 71,- 015; Republican majority, 522, Thirty-sixth Distuict—:t members—Chim paicn. Plait, Moultrie, Sbelby, Effingham* Fool; pupnlulloo, 71,110; RepuDlican majority. 237. Thirty-seventh District— 2 niemunra—>«.r nilllion. Edgar. Clark; population, 08,701; Re publican majority, 1,205. TniRTY-tiQUTn District— 3 members—Doug las, Cotes, Cumberland, Jasper. Crawford; popu lation, C 8.258; Repaid can majority, 107. Thirty-ninth District—l member—'Wayne, Richland; population, 25,914; Republican ma jority, 74. « . Fortieth District—. 3 members—Bonn. bay. cite, Jlarlon, Jeflerson, Clay; population, 75,0.13; Republican ma’orlry. 21. FouTT-nRST* District— 2 members—Madison; population. 42,044: Republican majority,.Hs. Forty-second Dimkict —3 members—M. Clair, Monroe, Randolph; population, 73,411: Republi can majoj Itv, (32*. Forty-third Disnucr—3 members—Clinton, Washington. Perry, Jackson, Franklin, Hamilton; population, 70,114; Repubbean majority, 197. FonTT-rocuTH DifeißicT—3 members—Pope, Uaidtn, Gallatin. Saiuc, While, Edwards, Wa bash, Lawrence; population, 73,081; Republican majority. 89. FoRTT-nmi District—S members—Alexander. Pulaski, Massae. Union. Johnson, Williamson; pountlon, C 5.520; Republican mnjoilty, 176. Total number of Districts, 45. Total number of Representatives. 90. Politically divided as fol low*: Republicans,Sl; Democrats,9. Hie Uoo. THE RAILROAD QUESTION. Tbe BUI Introduced In tbe Wisconsin Legislature. Madison. Wl«., January 2L To tbe Editor of the Chicago Tribune: 1 have just read in your paper General Hurllmt’s bill in regard to railroads. Tbe bill will, I think, meet great opposition, because Us freight rates are too high for long dis tances, say seventy-five miles and upwards, and too low for very short distances ; and for that reason will give railroad monopolists a chance to get the support of members from the southern and western counties whose constituents ship to Chicago. For instance, to allow a railroad company only fifty cents a ton on grain for ten miles, is quite too low ; while four dollars a ton fbr one hundred miles, or eight dollars a ton for two hundred miles, is greatly too high, and pcrhapsmorc than the road nows charge. I have taken the liberty to maketbese sug gestions, and also to enclose a bill Introduced in tbe Wisconsin Assembly, which, if it could he introduced In tbe Illinois Legisla ture, would be found to be in some respects less objectionable: A BOX 7o fttabHrha uniform ran# for freight and pis tracers on the tviiroadt in the SfeU of Wiscon sin, and amendatont of Ms various roitrwt charters granted by Ms Legislature of this State f accnoKJ. It shall not bo lawful for any rail road company, within the State of WUconno, which has constructed and in operation within the State a line or road exceeding filly miles in length, to demand and recelrea greater rate tor the transportation of freight and passengers than Is in ibis section provided, viz: For the transpos ition of passengers, a snm may be charged-and received not exccecinc three cents per mile, for any distance; and for the transportation of freight, a snm not exceeding the following ra f es. via: for all kinds of freight osoaily denominated m railroad schedules, first-class freight, a snm may he charged and received not exceeding twenty cent* per one hundred pounds for tbu first uitrtj miles the same may he transported, and for every additional six miles that Utc same may be transported a further snm ol eighteenths or one Eercent may be charged and received; lor all inds ol freight asttsUy denominated second citss, a snm may be charged and received not ex ceeding slxletn cents per one hundred pounds for tbc first thirty mites the same mar he transported, and'or every additional six miles the same mar be transported a farther snm ol seven-tenths of one ant may be charged and received; for all kinds of freight usually denominated third-class, a snm may be charged and received not ex ceeding twelve certs tor one hundred pound* for the first thirty miles ibe same m. v he and for every additional six nines the same may be transported a farther snm of six-tenths of owe cent may bo charred and received: tor all kind* of freight usually denominated fonrtb-class, which class shall he deemed to Include, among other articles, all kinds of grain, flour, beef, pork, all kirda of live stock, coal, lumber, wood, stone ai d buck, a sum maybe charged not exceeding ten coots per one hundred pounds for the first thirty miles the same may be transported, and fo every additional six miles tbc same may be trans prrted a further sum of five-tenths or one cent may be charged and received; and In determining tbe ciaeßlflcatinn of freight tee achodule shall be (he tame aa the Milwaukee & m, Fad Ralluar. a* published March 20,1313, except parted l»j the term- oi this act: and U shall be Die duty of tbe Secretary of Slate to have an authentic copy cl said claaslflraUoo of freight primed In ti e appendix of the prided volume o| ibepeiaral Ja»sof the “tare lor the year 1607; and said copy ro pant d ehall bu received la evi dence In all ca cs arising under title act; and'for .fllDafices of twenty miles and under, the ralo ahaM uoUxcced 'flfieen cents a hundred on firat c|»ss iVeigLt, twelve : chsta a thnndred on second-class freight, ten cents a'hundred on v |hid-elUa height, rfnd eight cents* hundred on ‘-fopritrt'BS* ftclsbtn>rOitderf,'Uiat where coal, lilmbeivKot*c, brick or wooiß am-loaded and an loaded < hy the owner or more than rtr- v slf ot tbe Shove rates shall be charged; and iiroififtrf, that sblppcis Bball always bare the privilege ofjyadmgand Unloading roal. lum ber. stone, brick abd A»ood; tod,/»rocW«f, that the p'orlelone of this acb shall apply lo nil rail roads, part oi «blch are within Ims blale, whose entire let pita exceeds fifty tmlear • -- p *o. i. Every railroad company within this State shall receive ard transport freight In tbc order It may bo offered, exceptlive slock and per ishable properly; such af dressed dors, Breen Rutland the like, which shall lake precedence; «»'d whenever any Ireleht of my kind or desert; lion shall he transferred from one roll road to another «t aoy m lie depots, fveight houses, warcli'ißsps or rad.ofld crossings m this Stale, It sblll be tbo only of tbc companies delivering

sort tcrelvlng sneh freight lo transferrmd deliver tbo same Rom one rood to tbo other wllhonl delay, and In the order In which (hoy •li/ill have been received si tbo different stations afuro«atd ; and no proletenco shall be given It* any mnnoer, cllbor by icbnle, drawback nr otherwise, lo soy person or company over sty olbcr person or com- Oand whenever any freight shell bo trails , as In Uits section provided, fur tbe purpose nf computing the sum lo bo charged for carrying ilio same, the sflvoral road* oq which said freight l«carriMl shall be deemed and taken lobe one ronuimous railroad t and any company which shall violate the ronfitilmia oi this act shall forfeit and pay lo the parly aggrieved a sum ouadniplo the ninmml ni damages said party mntrhavn six* laired, to b« rscovoml herorn a*iy court of com* privhtJnnmllcDon wtihln (ho Htoio. A wilful xml ctmilmn'd violation of any of Die provMouiof this act shall work a repeal or forfeiture of the charier of any company guilty of such violation; and it shall be Die duty ol (no c tnrt, before which a conviction of such violation la had, to give Judgment against tbo offending company, and appoint a receiver to lake charge or its trecis and dispose of the same according to law ami nuucr the direction of said court. Bec. 4. Any officer or agent of any railroad com pany who shall wilfully violate the provis ion* of this act. shall be guilty of a misde meanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shad he J mulshed by a Rue not exceeding five hundred dot sre, and on a second conviction shat) be Im prisoned one year. Bcr. S. This act shell be nn amendment to every railroad charter granted by tbc people of the Stale of Wisconsin. Sec. 6. This act shall take effect and he lu force from and after tbe first dny of Mar, 1897. THE GREAT STOBfi. Tbe Fall of Snow In New Tork City* : peclal Correspondence of (he Chicago Tribune. New Tore, January IS. For many years we have not had a snow storm equal to that of yesterday and the night before. It was equal to the storms that visit the Canadian cities in the east, rendering that part of the globe, for the time, a frozen region, buried la snow. At ten p. m. the snow began to fall, ac companied by a boisterous wind from the northwest, which, at times, seemed to blow from all points of the compass. By'mid night the snow was ten Inches deep, and the streets were deserted, a few policemen only being seen under the lec of gables, to avoid the blast. At 8 n. ra. the snow was two feet deep, while the air was filled with whirling drifts which got into one’s face and neck In spite ol all that could be done by the “ mere mortal ”to keep it out. Those who could avoid it, went out into the streets, and the city yesterday presented the appearance of St. Petersburg, or, to use a nearer though less worthy simile, like Montreal, except that sleighs with their tinkling bells were not forthcoming, and that furs were not so much in vogue ; and except that, instead of guttuial Sclavonic cr patois French, good English, twisted into exclamations against the storm, was to be heard. The city railroad tracks were, of course, covered with a sheet of snow, aud at S a. m. the snow-car went along, plowing aside the impeding element. It was worse in the country. There the whirling wind bud formed drills on the tracks, which had to be cut through by the shovel in the hands of pings of hardy, stout laborers from the Green isle. At Poughkeepsie a number of trait s were blocked f-»r some time, and the passengers had only to keep up a good fire and their spirits, until the elements relieved , them. This storm has been hanging over the city for the last three cold days, imparting a dull und dreaty look to everything. It con U ntied r great part of yesterday, the wind abat ing, however, as the day advanced. Coming from the northwest, it must have passed over Canada West, and the Ottawa Valley, burr ing those tracts in a vast winding-sheet of snow, and throwing the Inhabitants, for the time. Into the position cf the Esquimaux. The trains Between this point and the north will for some time be blocked up, and, ns » consequence, the malls will be very ir regular. The Storm In Now England. The New York Tribune publishes the fol lowing despatches showing the extent and severity ot the storm at various points in New England: MASSACHUSETTS. Boston, January IS. The great snow-storm ceased about mid night. The wind bus blown a galocvcrslncc II o'clock yesterday morning, making huge drills from lour to eight lectdcop in the streets. The depth of snow in the narrow thoioughiurcs Is so great as to rendvr them utterly impassable for man or beast. No trains have arrivtd or departed since yesterday morning. A large number of the residents iu tbe vicinity of the city wore obliged to seek lodgings in the public houses, as no trains could leave the efty. One man of fered a buck driver $75 to tnkc him a dis tance of four miles, which was refused.' The amount of snow fallen Is estimated at from two to two and half feel on a level. A child twelve jcurs of age perished in the storm at South Boston. A man In the employ of one n| tie lee companies, while endeavoring to make bis way across French Fond, was so badly frown that tils life Is despaired of. Two girls were taken Into the East Bos un frerty station by the police, coin. pUtoiy overwhelmed unit exhaust ed by the storm. A little girl named Mary j Noinn, aged 12 years, while iHunting from I school ywtordnv, was smothered In the | miow. C ommodore Geo. S. Blake was tost i In the storm yesterday afternoon, In Broook* [ lli-e, and up to ft o’clock Hits morning noth -1 log Una been heard from him. Commodore Blake was about d'-t years of ago. 47 years of which he served In the United Status Navy, and he Is nt tbo present time a member of the Lit ht House Board. The policeyesterday assisted to their houses *J7 children and over 100 women, who otherwise would have per idu dln the snow. The weather to day is blowing a pulo from the northwest. The thermometer reads 15 deg. above zero. fiotrroN, January 20. The bnrk Velina, Captain Nickerson, from Smyrna for Boston with a cargo of tigs, wool, Jcc.. came into the bay just before the storm of Thursday, and was driven ashore on the locks near Plymouth. The crew took refuge in the mizon-ngging, where they re mained for ten hours, the sea making a breach over her hull. Owing to the intense cold, the steward and one seaman dropped from the rigging into the sea and were lo?t. The remainder of the crew were taken off in a life-boat from shore very much frost-bitten. One man is likely to lose one or both feet, and another will probably lose both hands. The vessel has bilged and is full of water. Portions pt the cargo will be saved in a damaged condition. •Part of the hoods were thrown' overboard be fore going ashore. The vessel was a good ore oT §4O tons, was owned In this city by Baker A Morrill and others, and was insured. The cargo was valued nl SOO,OOO lu gold, and was insured in New York in the San and ofber insurance ofllccs. ; Worcester, Mass., January IS. The snow storm of yesterday was the most sevoro one known here for many years. Thu railroads are much obstructed, and all attempts at regularity in the running of trains has been abandoned. About eighteen inches of snow fell, and during its fall a furious gale from tbe northeast prevailed. Tbe wind is north east this morning, with all appearance of more snow. Thermometer 5 above. Later.— The storm has left the railroads hereabouts in sad condition. A train has just arrived from Boston, having been thirty honrs on the road. The Norwich Road is completely snowed up. No trains left either end to-day. The Nashua trains have made regular trips. The last train that has arriv ed berefrom tbe West left New York jou Thursday morning. The wind is still blow ing quite hard. Thermometer four degrees below zero. Fourteen Hundred, and Ten million Tons of Snovr FuUea. (From tbe Detroit Post, Jan. 22.] Very few persons bave any conception of the actual results of a great storm, such as that which the telegraph reports as having occurred within the' last Jew days. The rail* roads have been blockaded by snow over a stiipof country extending from Boston to Washington in a north and south line, and from the Atlantic to Pike's Peak on an cast and west line. The storm may really be set down, however, a* covering a belt of coun try a llittlc over three hundred miles wide. . This storm, belt first struck the Atlantic coast upon the shores of Maine with Its western edge. Sweeping at first southwesterly, belrg driven before a strong northeast calc, it fully entered the continent between Boston am! New York, passing over the Slate of New York, with Its west* era edge at Buffalo and Us eastern edge at New York City, and sweeping southwest so that Its southern edge reached beyoud •Wheeling, West Virginia. It then changed Us course to the westward; and passed on toward the Rocky Mountains, its southern limit showing four inches of snow at Cairo, 111., and its northern limit reaching to Michigan; Us centre between Springfield, 111., where the snow U two feet deep, and Chicogs, where the snow is one foot deep. we track the great arc of a circle fol lowed by this storm, wo find tbc snow in Connecticut, at New Haven, four feet deep; In Central and Southern Pennsylvania, near* ly two feet deep; lu Indianapolis, Ind., fit* teen inches deep ; in Springfield, 111., two feet deep; in St. Lonis, one foot deep, and In Kansas six inches to a foot deep. Wo may safely calculate that the snow deposited by this single storm on tbc continent, not counting that which feM In tbc sea before reaching the continent, at over one foot in depth ovir a belt of country three hundred miles wide and fifteen hundred miles long; and that outside of this belt at least one* quarter as much was deposited. In order that an approximate idea of the Immense depositor this single storm may bo conveyed to our readers, we will enter Into a Httlc calculation. Lot us suppose the snow to have been an ordlnnv dry snow everywhere, and'that evenly distributed, the mala deposit would have covered a bolt three hundred miles wide and fifteen han dled miles long to a uniform depth of one foot. Snow of this depth of an ordinarily dry character, will weigh live ton* to tbe acre. If damp, it might weigh nearly seven tone to tbcauc. At fire ton* to tbe acre, there has fallen, all over this belt, throe thousand two .hundred toos'hpon each square mile, or a snnuA total of fourteen htmdrocT and ten million* of tons ol snow I And ibis in one storm, from one vast olond, and with in a space of fojir days time If- This weight Is -'so vast tliAt-’lt, is hard,, to comprehend. Sotncidia of lt;roay'i be gathered, perhaps} from the statement that; It is more Mian ted times tbc weight of 4U 'tholrhcatgrown|iu thcfffbolc United State* since • the continent .of . America was discovered by Cojumbus I SENATOR GRIMESAND THE TARIFF LOBB^ nemorlia of Scuatorw Grlmeo and Fea sendeuon tile rartlTFrcasGaDg, {Prum the Congressional Olobe j ' Mr. Giuaics. 1 rise to a personal explana tion. A friend has Ju*t called my attention to the last number ol a uowspapcr t publiah cd In the city of NcwTork, colled Thf Iron' Age , which contains nn article headed, "Son ator Grimes and tbo TarKT/’ which reads thus: “It was on Die motion of Senator Grimes, of lowa,that (he coneldmUoo ol (he Tariff Bill pawsd by ihe Uouie was postponed unlit (be presentees sion. In making his tnumoraDlo motion. Mr. (itluiuala rcportsdiQ the Cotigresstunal Oloor as using tbe fullou me words i ‘*l Oo not bellevo that yon can convince the iconic ot any Blnio that U will be to Diolr advan* ng»* lo lucua-e the duly on Iron vtirloasly irnm iru lo (Illy dollar* a ton: nr (list It will be fur their advantage to Increase the duly on iliti low trades of ruiimy, such r« go Into overy farmer's mure, six biiMTred per cent.' “We should bo very sorry to do Honaior (irltuvH an wjuvy; but It t» fair to bun to say Dial li Is (-nrrai)lly retmrrnd that he baa n inuuiilarr tuiereit in * naidwaro csUbllshinuh*. In llutlmgiob, lowa, and la a sileni pari* imr In n cullrrv business In Jlcukman itreet, New Torki and as In IDs speech proposing the postponement of lbs bulfl he exhlhlied special ivpiignauce ro the duty on cutlery, it Is, lo say the Uost.noi nlutla atgnlflcnnl that the Heuate bill should come with lower duties than were propo,ed i-ilbor by the House bill or (hat of Ur. Wells. It looks ccrttluly a little ausoiclona that m those sprclal Instances Die tariff should he went from ilic tiensio so strangely low. Hot possibly tbe honorable gentleman has no pecuniary Interest in this matter of Imported cmlerr. and ha* not nsed his influence aa a member of the Senate to pro mote bis owu private ends, in (bat case we snail be happy to publish the dt-ehtmer; at present it Is butjnslto tell bimthiU appearances are against Mr. Fessekdek. What paper Is that In? Mr. Grimes. The Iron Age } the organ ol tbc mamiiucturos of iron ana cutlery In tbe United States. This, U seems, is the manner In which these men are to operate upon tbe fears and tbe judgments of members of Con gress to induce them to assist In passing a bill which, in my conviction, while it would be to their advantage would he vastly to the disadvantage of a vast portion of this conn try, H not the whole or U. Now, sir, as to the facts, I desire to saj that it is true that I was once a partner in a house that conducted the hardware business; but my entire interest in that establishment ceased on tbe 2Sth of August, 1865. From that day to this I have never had the slight est interest in auything connected with the hardware or the iron business. lam not the owner, cither directly or indirectly, of a dollar’s worth of hardware save what is in n&c in my own dwelling for domestic pur- poses. As to the statement that I am a partner In an establishment in Beckman street, in the city of New York, I have simply to say that it is unqualifiedly false. I cannot imagine from what this falsehood springs, except that it be from the fact that a person who once had an interest in my business in the Stele of lowa Is now, in some way or other, com cctcd with a catlcrv establishment in Beckman street, in New Vork. I do not even know the name of the firm with which he Is associated. My ccnstitucnls, I tbink, the people of my own town and of my own State, know whether I am Interested In anlmpropcr man ner in tbe hardware or in tbe iron business. I Lave never beam that they suspected mo of being improperly iutt rested m this regard. All I have to say is, that If the gentlemen connected with tbe Iron and steel association, or any of those who act under their inspire tion, imagine that they ore going to accom plish any good for themselves by such gross, slanderous, libellous attacks upon members of this body, 1 trust they will dud that they arc mlstukcu ; they certainly will so fur as it depends upon me. That this publication was intended as a libel is evident, from the fact that the pub* Ushers of the Iron Age could, without the slightest difficulty, have informed themselves of the falsity of their charges without going out of the city ofNcw York, where their pub lication Is issued. As to the influence that lam said to have exerted upon members of the Finance Com mittee to induce them to report ou the sub ject of cutlery as they have reported In the Tuiiff Bill, they can answer for themselves. If 3 have ever spoken to any member of the committee on that subject during the pres ent or In any preceding session of Congress, I am not conscious of'lt. Mr. Fesskxdex. I did not hear all of the article read by the honorable Senator from lown, but I am Informed since that It makes an allusion tothc Committee on Finance, and to the influence that wasj robably exerted by the honorable Senator from lowa upon that committee. X can answer for only one of them, and I will suy very frankly with regard to the general subject that If IhcieTs a man In or out ot this senate who possesses Influence is the honorable Senator from lowa. No man possesses more. I have great respect for his opinions and for the uniform integrity of his character, as wo all have, lint, sir, I must say In Justification of the Senator and of the committee, or the chair man of It in this particular instance, that the honorable Senator never spoke to me that 1 know of upon the subject referred to. or alluded to it in any way whatever.’ All I ever heard him cay on the subject was caul hero on the floor of the Senate ; and I pre sume it is the case with regard to all the rest of the committees. But, sir, If tho'Scna tor from lowa or any other Senator had lit conversation expressed his views outside of the committcc-room, upon the general sub ject ol legislation on the Tai ifl: Bill or any particular Item of it, ills a right that was perfect In him ; and I trust if be had said it, or anybody else, I should have listened to those opinions with all respect and atten tion, and given to them all the weight which I thought they deserved. Ihold It tic perfect right, not only the right, but the duly of Senators to communicate with cncb otucr, and to nld each other ns far as possible in coming to correct conclusions on nil subjects, both In the Senate Chamber and out «>f it. Having said thus much, I have a word or two to odd. I huvo ibr some time been of the opinion that if a man Ims made up bis mind to do bis duty honestly by his country ns a Legislator in the Semite or the Home of Kurrcsciitattvos, helms got to do Hat the risk of his character as an honest man, and Uo mas more risk than those, If there are m y such, who do not legislate upon those pifncipics, I have observed that If a Semi tor happens to run across Home scheme that Is got up and pressed upon the Senate or the House of Representatives, or the Congress collectively, which Is to eventuate In largo profit to individuals, and places himself in opposition to It, forthwith he finds that some correspondents are attacking him for something or other, and. following upon the correspondents, forthwith some newspapers in certain sections are attacking hlmoivthc subject, trying to throw an imputation upon his integrity of action or his ability to under stand the questions before the Senate. The more a man stands In the Way of schemes for personal profit and personal advantage, the more risk be runs of having his motives and his character assailed. Therefore, I came to the conclusion myself that the only way for a man was to go along and do bis duty os well as bo could and take bis chances; and I make np for It in my own individual case by not rcadingthese news papers any more than I can possibly help. [Laughter.] I very seldom look at them; and with regard to an attack upon myself, the only way that I generally hear of it is when some good-natured friend, like the Senator from Massachusetts—l mean the Senator nearest attention to It. I do not say that he ever flidso; but some good-natured friend will say: “Have you seen the attack upon you in such a paper?” Or perhaps the author ; himself who wrote It, or the editor of the I paper, cuts it out and addresses it to me for I my own particular edification. , Mr. Summer. That is the common way. Mr. Fessenden*. Yes, that is the common | way to let me know what the newspaners 1 say. Sir, I have as much regard for public opinion as anybody, that is, for a just public opinion, and like to receive the approbation of my fellow-citizens, but I have not pot to that pass yet when every squib in a news paper that any interested party chooses to I launch at me, or even an attack of a stronger 1 character, if there arc any such, disturbs my equanimity to any very great extent. Xam perfectly willing to “let them slide,” and if they can have the best ofit, of course 1 most take the consequences. Now, sir, let me state a fact as an illustra tion to show precisely how men are judged. A gentleman who is a special commissioner of the revenue has been engaged, under the directions of Congress and of the Secretary of the Treasury, in the discharge of the du ties of hi? office; he has been bard at work for months upon the tariff, devoting all his time to it with very great assi duity very much to the injury ol his own health. He is not a man without means in the world. He Is n gentleman of very com fortable fortune, who has taken hold of this business because be loves It, because it is I the kind of thing which suits his taste. All ! these questions ore to him questions of in terest. He Is able upon such subjects, and he is dcsirons to make a reputation In con nection with them* He devoted himself with great assiduity to the duty before him. Well, sir, be got bis report ready and brought it to Washington. Before anybody saw it hardly, certain intimations were sent oat from here : —I saw them myself—ln letters of corres- , pondents and telegraphic despatches, that the Commissioner’s bill was here, and it was a free trade tariff; we were going to have a free trade tariff, and tbc Senator from I Maine and tbe Secretary of the Treas- I ury and the Commissioner were alluded to as getting np a free trade tariff. I had not known anything about It at that time ; bad not seen it, and had not expressed an opin ion, and have not, I believe, on the subject, except as the report of the committee ex presses my opinion. He was denounced as o free-trader, and a man who bad sold him self for British gold. Pretty soon his tariff scheme came out, or it was ascertained what it was—that instead of being a free-trade measure it was a very considerable advance upon the tariff of 1S&, which was anything but a free-trade tariff; that although not quite up to tbc Ilonec Tariff Bill, It was an advance upon the lost one; and the duties In It arc so vcit high In some par ticulars that now the other side, the free-tra ders, turn round and say he is bought by the protectionists. Well, if he has been bought on both sides perhaps ho has a profitable business of it. [Laughter.] Kow, sir, let me soy that men in public life must Bland those things ; bnt I want to ear of the Special Commissioner outlie Rcveono, be cause 1 feci bound to say It, that 1 believe there has been wo man more devoted to the public service iu the lino which ho has adop ted, or ouo who bos .given his time more honestly and more thoroughly to ibo Investigation of tho subjects committed to tils charge. Ho has come to conclusions which aro satisfactory to himself, not perhaps In all particulars to tho Committee on Finance, for wo bare .varied from them In many particulars, but such as lie honestly believed to be true and for the best interests of the community: and this Is bis reward I Why? Bobause, Id tbs .first place, ho was supposed Id ran against: the personal Interests of the pfotectioniatv .but now he runs against the Interests.of the 'importers. | i[ Well; sir, I came to the conclusion long ago that the only thing we can do decently to rela tion to all these matters Is tojusfcgo along and Kgisloto according to our own belief of what Ifltruootd just nod right, and for the best Interests of (he country. Wo shall make mis takes’ undoubtedly ; l expect jto - make a great many, os I have heretofore { but at any rate whatever comes we shall retain oar own self-respect, and all these little miser* able attocks (torn Interested parties fur their own personal objects will bo but the merest bnilum/utmm In the world, and will dlsap* pen' like mist in the face of the \ honest dU* charge of duiv t and the people will do Jus* lice to lalthfnl public servants. THE morUIOPSE AMONG THE SIER .. BA NET ARAB* The Transition From the Hose* of Macro mento (o the Mountain fluow licit—Wonderful ISuttlnccrlng Achievement** [kiom the Uscratacnlo (California) Colon, Decent' her 10.1 WUMn five hours' ride of Sacramento, where roses sltll bloom lu tho gardens and the ulr Is buluiv us I lie breath of spring, snow bus (alien to the depth of three feet on a level, and the sleigh.hells are making mnslo nloi g white highways, fctiml with spcaMlko pine. ‘ Ono can hreakiast here in ttiu valley, where lee Is ehlefiy known as nn Imported luxury tor cooling drinks on sultry days, and, where snow Is a tradition i dine where frozen lakes tempt the graceful skater, where cut. tvis end buffalo robes mul hells oilVrlheswhl mu) rollicking siitliilueliou of Now Knglaml ►potU, ami not tar from the spot where tho mow welled In and shrouded Urn Danner puny In death; nnd sup In time to see the cur* tain rise at the theatre In Hacramunto on the same evening. The locomotive makes tills concentration ot seasons—this transition from spring flowers to wintry delights—on the same day, a possibility. The Central Pacific llallroad Company now run four passenger trains daily for a distance ol twenty-throe miles within the snow belt of the mountains—that Is, from Alta to Cis co, and are already testing another of those “ Insurmountable obstacles” wbicb were conjured up to destroy confidence In the en terprise, but which have been banished from time to time, In the progress of the work, by energetic attack. The experiment Is of great Interest to the people of this coast os well as to all others who realize the Impor tance of regular communication by the con tinental highway, but it should be said that the officers of the company have little or no doubt about operating the road np there during the seasons of storms. Some thing mar be learned, foreshadowing the result from the equipment of the railroad fur the contest, and the manner in which the snow ha* been handled thus far. The snow plow placed in front of each locomotive is the one usually employed on the roads in the Northern States on the Atlantic side of the Continent, calculated to clear the track of the white obstacleimmedlately afterastorm, provided the depth is not more than two feet. If the trains arc frequent during a storm, accumulation to a greater depth upon any corslderable section of the roaa is haid iv probable. Heavy drifts might occur, and, in the course of the winter, the snow might be heaped to a greater height on each side of the track, but to prevent delay from such ob structions, a large force of laborers arc ready for service above Alla, a huge snow-plow—an independent machine has been unlit for throw ing the snow over into tbc ravine away from the lino of tbc road. Tbc first heavy storm of the season, leaving, as wc have inti mated, a depth ol three fuel on u level, was easily disposed of without having recourse to the big machine. During that tempestuous visitation it happened that a train was stop ped by runiilrg against a bowlder, but the snow Itself did not delay the regular passen ger trains an hour. The section of railroad within the snow belt is a wonderful monument of energy and engineering skill, and the region through which it passes is a succession of the grand est scenes the Sierra can atford. A stranger, coming from the eastern slope ond finding a locomotive palling amid tbc snows in the shadow* of the Black Butte and Battlcr-nakc Peak, six thou sand feet above tbc sea. cannot* fall to be startled by such an apparition, and hts won der will not diminish as he descends and looks at the precipitous mountains and stu pendous gorges over which the way has been smoothed for the track of the iron horse. There are but two tunnels on this section—oro through Grizzly illll, six hun dred lent long; and the other through the r'dgc that divides the waters of the Ameri can from those of the Yuba, at Emigrant Gap. only three hundred and fifty feet in length. The line has has been so skilfully run that the ascent is accomplished by cuts, embankments and blasting a road bed In the sol'd rock of the mountain side, where an cxperictccd hunter would be troubled to climb. The deepest cut Is found at Pros pect Hill, ten miles above Alta, and measures one hundred and twenty-eight feet. The embankments are many and huge, and the sett l lug of those during this, the first season of their use, is the point that requires ot the Sui-rrintcmient more constant attention than the obstruction of the snow. The construction trains are continually employed in restoring them to the proper grade. From the tunnclat Emigrant Gap to Cisco the rnnd Is blasted ont ot the granite mountain side, overlooking Bear Valley and the cannon of the Yuba. Here, and at a poll t below, wb. neo may be seen the forks of the American and the Ghint’s Gap (lately Jehovah Gup), nre the grandest views to bo obtained on tbe lino of the railroad. Tower ing bights and dirzy depths—craggy clllfand velvet sward—forests of Hr and pine and summits of glittering snow—arc the chief elemeute of the scenes which artists of the future will delight to paint. At this time flecks of snow wore first h on by the traveller ten miles above Alto, n«d thence to Cisco It gradually deepens, un til It clothes the earth with a thick and far ►prcndlng robe of white, and gracclully fes toons every tree on the tnmmfaln side. One nisy see at Cisco the sleighs of the stago comranv waiting for their dolly freight of migrating humanity. To those who have pursued the routine of life in the valley for years, and have caiightonly distant glimpses of the winter on the summit of the Sierra, a visit to this Arctic land ot this season gives a strange end d* lightful sensation. Wo have the best authority for assorting that snow Is very white, very pure,and very cold,and fop ad'fh'g that sleighing In California Is Just as good fun us ever H was In tho East. THE NEW YORK RAILROAD W Terms or llio Reiilcmcnl, Albany Correspondency /Jan. Yoik llcr.UU Tlio difficulties between the Hudson River and New York Central Railroads have been arranged, nml the old system of nmnlngund cars will bo resumed to-morrow n-flrnlng. A consultation between commit lees of both lines commenced last night, and was brought to a close at ten o'clock this morning.' The terms of the new arrangement between the two companies arc said to bo entirely sat isfactory to both, and are more especially ad* vantugeous to too Hudson River Railroad Company,many ofwbosc managers claim that the previously executed contract contained clauses most detrimental to tbc interests of the organization. It Is stated that according to the new code tbc Central Railroad Com pany will furnish the Hudson River Railroad with freight for transportation tbroughont the summer months, in lien of forwarding tbc same by boat and allowing the Immense materkl of tbc latter company to lie nearly useless fully two-tbirds of the year- The annual payment of the sum of SIOO,OOO will of course be discontinued. Up to the present time the Hudson River Road bos been com pelted to carry freight upon such terms as might be made by the directors of tbc Central Railroad Company. Hereafterthe managers of the first named organization will be con ceded the privilege of forwarding freight at such rates as they may find profitable to offer, provided that these rates be not smaller than those adopted by the other trank railroads. The Hudson River Road will be allowed to regulate its own time tables, Instead, as alleged, of submitting to such arrangements as the officers of the other line might deem 11 expedient to make. Finally it’has been arranged that the Central Railroad Company for each and eveiy ticket sold giving trans portation frtm Buffalo to New York, it being averred that thousands of coupons giving passage from Buffalo to New York have been accepted on board the boats running between Albany and New York, that many of the holders prefer the river rente, and that the tickets received on board the steamers have been subsequently redeemed by the New York Central Company. Hereafter, as stated above, all tickets sold will bo paid for by the company issuing them to the company over whose road the company purport to give transportation. Erastns Corning, Vanderbilt and some of tbc directors on both sides conducted the negotiations. ■ The settlement between the managers of tbe two railroad companies will not, as some people imagine, put an end to tbe labor of tbe Assembly Committee, appointed to In vestigate tbe subject. The examination will be resumed to-morrow afternoon, and tbe affair sifted to the bottom. It is intended to devise some measure whereby future troubles may be avoided. Senator Murphy's bill, with some modifications, making its provisions more severe, will probably be re ported by the committee. A rbildlievoured'bT Rais. [From the Evansville (led ) Conrler, January 18.) Wc learntd yesterday from our energetic and humane Township Trustee the particu lars of a horrible case, the rating or a child by rats. A negro woman, formerly the property of Major Kinney, of Henderson, Ky., has been in the city for several weeks, living off the city, and domiciled In an old barn In the suburbs. A few days ago this woman gate birth to a healthy child, and, as scon £6 she recovered sufficiently, left the infant alone In the shanty, and went to the Township Trustee fbr assistance. She was absent about three hours, and when she re lumed to the house the child’s body swarmed with rats and was almost de voured. The Trustee wonted to send the poor creature to the poor bouse, but this kind offer was indignantly rejected. She wanted it understood she wasn’t In the habit of associating with poor white folks. Shocking Treatment of a Lunatic. [From an English Paper.] One of the most shocking cases of restraint and confinement of a lunatic in a private house through ignorant and mistaken kindness, has Just been brought to the notice of the authorities by Dr. Arthur Mitchell, Deputy Inspector of Lunacy for Scotland. About fourteen years ago a young woman named Janet Campbell, a native of the village of Rcflv, Calibncss-shlre. and then about twenty tears of age, was a domestic servant in Ed inburgh. Cholera was raging there nt the time; and, whether from predisposing causes or the excitement occasioned by an overwhelming dread of the terrible disease, the poor girl became seriously Injured in health and a prey to morbid melancholy. At last she disappeared from her place, and somehow made her way homo alone to Caithness.. On her return to her friends it was evident that her Intellect was deranged, and she soon became so violent that It was found necessary to confine her In u strait acket. During her fils of violence she would 'teak the windows and the furniture, and the strait jacket she had lorn . tbit it afforded no. ndeqnata means offe* stralnt. Bhc scarcely slept; ond was incessant** jly. ln a state of nervous activity, keeping the' household In perpetual fear and alarm. Her clothes .were torn tc>' pieces, and at Pis-, after she bad be«n about two years In this condition, she was shut up In a small room destitute of furniture, miserably .Ightcd, sod worse ventilated,, and in that room sha bos now been imprisoned for aboatadozen years. Her mother and sister, with whom she nor lives, sro poor people, occupying a small plot of ground, and keeping one cow, nod having : barely the means of eking oat a scanty subsistence for themselves and her. From 'lgnorance and a fbcling of mistaken kindness, they have hitherto resisted all al< tempts at Interference In behalf of the poof creature whom they have Immured; and severs! years ago, when the parochial author. Hies offered to place her In an asylum for proper care and treatment, they post* Ivcly refused to consent. So groat Is their reluctance to entertain the idea of her removal that they have not only kept her entirely out of sight, but the existence of the wretched prison lias almost Hided out of mind, and tnanv of their neighbors In the village were entirely Igno* mol of the fact of her being confined there at nil. When visited recently sho was found crouching naked on the bottom ofn box-bed In tho room in which atm has spent her miserable captivity of a dozen years, seven or eight of , those In nmiost absolute nmllty. About eight years ago the windows of tho room hi which shell confined were built up with stone and lime, ntul since that time tliti only light that tho wretched creature has seen lias uccn ailmt(> ted by a small sliding panel In the roof, only • oeraslmtMlv opv'ued, a* It can bo reached whli dlfllcnlly. Tim room contained no Air nltnro except the old hox.hed.nn which she squatted more like n caged wild botut than a human creature. Her guardians admit that flic has been stark naked for about eight years. Her hair is felted on tho sculp, ami bus not been combed for many years. It Is Impossible to describe the appearance it pro. sents. When the tattered and tllthv blanket that was on the bed was removed, the mass of rottenness beneath can only be described as a dung heap. On this she crouched night and day, except when she crept to the fire for a little warmth. Crawling Is the only term to describe her manner of locomotion, us from long confinement and disuse the inns* 1 clcs of the legs have become incapable of ex* 1 crcise, and the legs are bent together and permanently stiffened. A EEARHJL TRAGEDY. A, loang Woman Shoots ber Seducer. [From the Elmira (N. V.) Advertiser, Jan. IS.] little villages of Millport end Pine Vall* y were thrown Into & lever of ex citement on Wednesday evening by the' shooting ot Nelson Rogers by Mary Falla, a young lady, daughter of a farmer and boat builder, and jesiding about halfway between Millport and Pine Valley. About a year ago Nelson Rogers, who was a mechanic and moulder by trade, came to reside at Mill port. At that time he made the acquain tance of Miss Falls, a lively, sprightly, pretty country girl. He was successful in framing her affections and gallantly pressed ns wooing with enticing words of homed guile. Sensitive with returning love lor his seeming atfection, she was lured on by a villain in the cloak of an ardent suppliant, not'd, in an evil moment, with a pardonable womanly weakness, undtr protestations •of fidelity and marriage her ruin was accomplished. Then the character of her lover was un masked. He gloated over his act, shamefully abused the one whom he bad in jured irreparably by his dcvtllsU arts. Snb missivcl}’ she bore her shame, until warned that the law required atonement on the part of her seducer. At her instigation he was arrested in August last, confessed Uls crime, talked glibly and lightly about his victim to the officers of justice, and was held to answer ardcr one thousand dollars hail, at a court of Oyer and Terminer, He then left the place and went to Rochester, wc believe, to pursue his employment. In the mean time, tumor hath it that she visited a dis tant city and returned, having been suc cessful In removing the outward tokens oi her shame. She returned to her father's house, pursuing the even tenor ot her life, as far as the rememhtance of her sad dest life's misstep would permit her. A few days since Rogers returned to Millport. He was the same boastful creature as before, xcvcwid his defair! alien of the woman he bad ruined, and played well the part of one vaunting over the fall of innocent virtue. Of i c« urse rumors oi his conduct did not fail to reach the cars of Miss Falls, who boro his defamation until she was wrought up to on inhuman frenzy which she could not quell. She resolved that she would take his life, her tad fate having nerved her to a deed so at variance with the modesty and shrinking timidity of woman. Procuring a revolver, she left her lather's house on Wednesday evening, making her intentions known to no one. She proceeded ton public house aud peered into a saloon, which he was known to frequent in the village of Millport. Not finding him there, and still bent on her purpose, she inquired out bis boarding place. At the gate she saw him through a window completing seme arrangements of his dress, as if about to So somewhere. She resolved to wait until c came out of the faou*c. The door opened, bts form appeared, and at that moment sho tired, the hall from the revolver entering and passing through bts right side, about mid way. it was afterwards removed by a sur geon, near Iho lower edge of the shoulder blade, at the back of the chest. She calmly took her way home, and entered the house as ifnothing bad happened,saytuguota word to the members of her own family about the fcarth! tragedy. After the lapse of an hour or to, her mother learned from sonic passing neighbor that Nelson Rogers had been shot, bho sought out her daughter and told her, hut was met with the reply, “ I know It, mother; I did it.” The wounded man was immediately assist- ed into the house and medical aid summoned. It was ut first thought that he could possibly live only a short time; but passengers by l!iu train lost night report that ho was then com* fortnblc, and surgeons expressed a possibility ot his ultimate recovery. No arrest was made. In fact no comp'nlnt was entered yes* terdoy, against Miss Kails, and wo ore In* formed that that (here will he an cxutiihm tlon held to-dny before Judge £mlth. Tim parties moved In respectable circles, and the reputation ofMiss Kalis, mull she met Ung ers, was unsullied for purity and virtue. She was a young, attractive and admired girl, and Is now only eighteen. Her tamlly arc among the most reputable In that vicin ity, Her father tus been exten sively connect'd with Solomon Den nett, of this city, In lumbering operations. We do not karn Hot she expresses contri tion for her fld. She seems to have weighed the consequences and llrmly resolved to kill the one who had so cruelly and heartlessly wronged her. The sympathy of people, wo understand, Is wholly on herMdo.ln the pos sible consequences that may affect her after the commission of so grave a crime. We give tho above as we have been aide to gather the facts from those who visited Mill port yesterday, and wo will chccrfttlly and willingly correct any error that may be brongnt to our notice. Wo have not been Informed where the friends of Uogcrs reside. It Is a terrible tragedy, and we leave the subject cntll all the facts shall be bronght out upon a legal examination. M,) of the New THE FRENCH IXMEXICO. A aval Preparation* for tbe Return of Uio Expeditionary Force. [Pails Correspondence (January 3) of tbe New York Herald.l At tlic head of Its bulletin, of Sunday morning:, the lloniicur contains the follow- Ins:: The maritime movements, rendered necessary in the different ports of Franco for the return of the expeditionary corps from Mekico, being: now in part concluded, we are enabled to give a general list of the vessels which have .already taken their departure for that destination; Cherbourg, Brest, L’Oricnr, Rochefort, and Toulon have fur nished the following vessels ol war and tran sports : The Fcntenoy.tbeßayard, theVdle deLyon, thcYllle de Bordeaux, the Souve rain, the Massena, the Kavarin, the Castlg lionc, and the Intrerpide, vessels of the line; the Aveyron, the Mevre, the Gironde, the Durance, the Cher, the Aube, the Bare, the Drome, the Yontfe, the Saone, the AUler. the Calvados, the Pomone, the Garonne the Ceres, the Tarn, the Var.the Ardeche, the Selne.the Chorente and tbeßhone, steam trans ports. Since the commencement of the present month (December) successive depart' ures have taken place daily, and some ves sels have already arrived at Ycra Croz. By the Btb of January all will have left France.” 1 stated in my last letter that it was rumored that three iron-clad vessels were to be sent to Mexico. This rumor is now con firmed by the following paragraph which appeared day before yesterday In the Phare ot Cherbourg, and which explains as follows the object of despatching the vessels: The iron-clad division of the Contre Admi ral Boron de la Ronciere le Nonry is nearly ready to leave for the Gulf of Mexico, The Admiral wasrecenliy in Paris, where he was called without doubt to receive his final in structions. 1 The iron-clad division consists of the flag'; ship Msgcnta, the frigate Flandre, which will start from Cherbourg, and the frigate j Mognanlne, which will leave at the same time from Toulon and Join the other ships at Madeira or Martinique. These vessels, which , will escort the transports on their return from Mexico with the expcditlonaiy corps, will clear the route in coming out of Ameri can waters and chase up the filibusters, more or less Mexican, who may present themselves In these waters sailing under foreign flags. TYe have every reason to believe that vessels of this description are arming and ready to go to sea. . • . . The will he complete; for we are assured that while the Admiral will watch the passage of the Bahama channel. Captain Clone, with the naval sbdivislun of Mexico, will assure the tranquility of that coast, and Admiral Didelot, uniting all the vessels of the division of the Antilles, will visit the coast of the United States, entering the several ports, and placing himself in communication with onr Consols, will call the attention of the Federal authorities to suspected armaments which may be made in the waters of the Union. These extraordinary precautions taken by the French Government to insure the safe return of the Mexican expeditionary corps cei talnly seem to Indicate that it has received some reliable information relative to a plan of attack upon the transports, and that they greatly (bar that the dangers and risks of the Mexican expedition-will not end with the embarkation or the troops at Ycra Cruz. Terrible Scene in a Ball-Room. [Vienna the London Tele- graph.] “Wliilc hecatombs of fowls and oceans of beer were disappearing la these apartments, the chairs were oil being cleared out of the concert room, and, at about half-past twelve o’clock, dancing commenced, shortly to ho brought to an untimely close by one of thoso terrible tragedies of every doy lifts that real, izc the ghastly Egyptian custom by whL'b one guest, at least, at every feast was com. polled to accept a skeleton for a neighbor. A very charming and accomplished young lady, the wife of Ernest Von Tcschcnbonr, the editor of the TVfcwr Zrttuntf, was leaving , the sapper room with her husband, intend* Ing to return home. While crossing the bull, room, where a brilliant walU was being play* cd, a friend asked her to take a single tan round theroom.The tempUUtfa was too great to be resisted, so coneigntngHivr bwnu*u'o ’h'ef husband, she joined lha : dancer«, and Ai whirled off with great -rknldlty by her part* ner- She had scarcely half round ilia huge circle when she fell from his arms, os thoughstruck by a thunderbolt, dead. Thsy. rnhed her from the ground gently, and car tied her Into another xoom.vA do/eu 'tors,vfae In.oKcßdaDCe.AudeTery expedient that science could suggest wa* tmd to restore cotuc'ousnasrftd the fklr young f rtn lying so strangely ’ Still In Its gay toi’elte. AH was In vain. She was dead. A smile upon her Ups, flowers In her hair. Of the scene I co«‘Dot convey an Idea; such agony as that .1 witnessed on Sunday morning In the roblng-roofn of the Oo«cubautea.?ii schaft U too” dreadful to recall-# too eacrcd * to’:-describe. The nnj groups melted away in breathless, horror stricken hurry; within a few minutes the spacious ball room was §ll* nt and empty; of nil the "lloipcrus” members and their guests, noun but a handful of mourners re mained behind to watch over that which -half in hour before had been a happy wile and mother. I have now witnessed three sadden deaths In ballTuoms—tho first two were, If uosetble. even more terrible than the last. In the first case, a lovely girt was shot through the heart by tho man she was on* gaged to; In the second, the b"llo of the [rail-room was burnt to death before her gar* ttimis, which had caught fire whil'd slm wa% being whisked past the open fire-place,could he torn off. But tho tragical episode of yes* tordsy morning H Tendered more melancholy than’either by the rememhrancMhnt twi» little children, the eldest imt three ynwsold, nro loft motherless by tho consequences of a WfllUl THE FUIE AT THE WHITE HOUSE. DcwlnirUon of Iho Conaerratury-l.o** *3O,MX), fProm iba National Intelllgencef, Jan. HM Yesterday morning, a few minuted before eight o’clock, dense smoko being seen issu ing from the western cm) of the conservator ry adjoining the Executive Mansion,one ol the guard* on duty there discharged hi* rauakot, thus giving an alarm, which waa-taker. up by others. An effort was made to turn in an alarm from the corner of Now York avenuo uml Fifteenth street, but falling, Sergeant* Walker turned In an alarm from ‘Willard’s* Hotel. The apparatus of the largo bells be ing out ot order, on account of the cold weather freezing the oil on the striking ma chinery, the companies could not be intorm ed of the fire, the hells falling to strike by the machinery at the Central Office. A mes senger was immediately despatched to the engine-houses, and in a short time Hibcrniit No. 1, of the United States department, amr Franklin No. 2, of the city, were on the ground, the former attaching to the plug im mediately in front of tnc mansion, and the other taking water from the plug in ‘the rear of the Treasury. In a short time the hook and ladder company was on the ground, and their ladders placed in position to nacb the interior of the conser vatory. Although the water almost froze m the hose attached to the engines, they went maninlly to work, as did steamers Nos- one arid three, of the city, and theothcrtwoGov ernment steamers, Rucker and Meigs, which were soon on the ground aftei getting word ofthetire. Chief Engineer Diekson.'of the — Government department, and Chief Engi neer Scssford, of the City Fire Department, were soon at the fire, and with Secretary Stanton, Assistant Quartermaster General Rucker, and Major B. B. French. Commis sioner of Public Buildings, with Mr. J. W. Angus, bis efficient assistant, did all in tiieir rower to prevent the spread of the flames, n a short time the engines hadstreamsupon the fire, and alter battling for gome time, the flames were subdeed, thongli not until the plants had been destroyed by the heat and smoke. Tb*- conservatory of the Executive Man sion was formerly on the. cast side of the building, bnt during the administration of President Buchanan It was tom down, ami# the new one erected on the west sidoover the tow of one story buildings used for the storage of wood and coal, the roof of which was of copper; the door of the was erected over this, leaving a space «"-• about two feet between the lioorand the old* roof, In which space the Hues lor heating the conservatory were .laid. The tire was first discovered immediately over the boiler, and, it is thought, originated from a defective Hue. The flremen '•’ere compelled to tear up the floors of the.conservatory in order to reach the ttames, and thus they had to work for two hours before they could get the con trol of them. The weather being exceeding ly cold rendered It very difficult lor the lire-* men to work effectively; but they were true to their duty,-am» manfully fought the Haines until subdued. Too much pnii.-c can not be given to Chief Engineer Dlek>on, of the Government Tire Brigade, Chief Engineer Scssford, of the City Fire Department, and the firemen under them, with the policemen under Lieutenant Hurley, for their faithful performance of duty. Many of them worked until their clothes were frozen on them, try ing to reach the fire. Mr, A, C. Smith, special policeman under Commissioccrß. B. French at the Executive Mansion, ns soon as the flames were discov- ered, took the hose of the premises and stood by the lire, determined to do all In his power • to conquer the flames. This he did for near ly two hours': but, although the stream was ineffective. be remained amidst the danger until compelled to leave by Officers Leach and Harris, of the Fourth and Fifth Pre cincts. Mr. Smith endangered his life by hU endeavors, and although rescued by the bravery of the officers mentioned, who com- to abandon bis position, it was necessary to summon the aid of a physician, and Dr. S’ocrls was called in. Ore of the members of the Hibernia foil through the roof, but fortunately escaped with u few scratches. The loss will probably reach thirty than- sand dollars. Many oi ilu* plant* vrori' wry * rare, and bare been accumulated for the hint llltccd or twenty yca-s : they cannot he re- S (need for auv sum. Araoog the rare plan's csliojcd was a very huge Icm m tree, four Stiltlitzlu fli full lilonni, the large**! pl ants In America ; a I’tiudnna (Mornta, or screw pine, very rare and largo ; one tlyrus Itevniuta, Imported during the ndimnistmtion o> Hen i rut WnsMrgtou, and c very largo immlurof (.’amelia .Taponlous. the finest in the country. A DOL’IiLK KLOX’EMENT. Extraordinary Solution ofa matrimo nial icludle. | (From tho Nathvlllo (Tion.) llanne'’. Jar jury ID. | Our Kdgelleld neighbor* have revcnilt been lavon-d with a scftsatlon not K*.<* mry than startling. In the shape of nothing than a doubleclopcmcn;. The etmimsumce* ate us follow*: For some two or three months past a fam ily named Diddle, from Km-l Tetnn-.-ce. have been living at lUch’s old brick van! in Lower Kdgelleld. The futnlly consUlcd of Mr. Kid dle, Ms wife, a little son of Mr*. K., hi u former marriage, and a young Indy wh"*c iiarncwowerc not able to ascertain. Hero comes in tho Inevltnldo young gentleman. His name is Han Is, ami his vldts were in- 4 qnent. Having established a close inllm lev with the Diddles, he Introduced Ini" their Kden a “sarplnl” named John l.amoert. John was sixty-five, and, as the demmment proved, seductive. Last Sunday week Harris and Lambert went to Kiddie’s house In company. Th -ir errand was a sinister one. They went to tear Mrs. R. from the embrace of her uasu*- pcctlrg husband ; and so the lattor was in formed by Lambert. Riddle snickered at the Idea—'twos a good Joke. But when he noticed the firm compression ot Lambert's Up and the ominous glitter of Harris’s eye— when Lambert growled out from between his teeth In the most approved melo-drama • stvle, that they bad come for Mrs. Riddle, and were going to have her, and that If he made any resistance theywonld “decapitate” him la the shake of a sheep's tail—Riddle realized the Intensity of the erl Is, and spranglo the bed for his pistol. The charges had been drawn. There was a “traitor in the camp.” Kiddle was betrayed. At this juncturh Harris, who was heavy on the mus tle, seized snd tied him fast. Forth came the recreant wife and nudld him with a few brief words, “It is too true.” With Impnrturbable calmness and a grim sort of smile, as If she was paying ofl old scores, she proceeded to revelations, which filled the sonl of.Blddlc with any 4 amount of uncomfortable emotion. In the first place arrangements (or the elope ment had been systematically concluded. She was “ bound” to go with Lambert, and the young lady (name unknown) was bound to go with Harris. The affliction was cer tainly a “hard one” for the “ old man,” but she considerately hoped that he would “ grin and bear It.” Lambert had given her “something to make her love him”—sutne sweet ollrions antidote, and that was the long and short of it. • She had. In fact been a perfect stranger to love until she met Lam bert, and it would he very ungenerous of Riddle to stand in the way of her happiness. The least thin" be could do for all concerned was to let her aepart In peace. Strange to say this singular plea “set Rid die,” as our informant states, to “thinking.” Such an aggregation of domestic calamity, at such short notice, paralyzed, as It were, bis poweis of action. So he took a seat, utterly subdued, and while he was grouping in the dim recesses of his mind for relief from this great sorrow of his -life, morning came, auowith It the express wagon which was to bear away Mrs. E. and her luggage. Riddle aroused himself; he made a lost ap peal to his levanting better half, withopt avail. Lambert's love potion was still in “successful operation.” Sealing herself an ancient cedar'cheft, tho gift of Per first * husband, she waved adien with a yellow ba'ndana pocket handkerchief, until lost by distance to the tear-dinuned vision of her deserted spouse. ' At lost accounts Mrs. Riddle, Lambert, Harris and the .“young lady” had embarked for Cairo, en route , it Is supposed, for Missou ri, where a brother of .Mrs. B. resides. Lambert is between - sixty and sixty-five years of age, and formerly lived near Eliza bethtown *Ky., but for the last three or years has been In the employ of Mr. Kramer, in Edgefield. He leil bemud blm a wife, who Is old and afillcted, besides several children, and. we are informed, grand-children. That husbands are false and that women are frail, 4 Ot that men wlih each other’s wives meddle. Is a »rnlh we’ll admit—thooch the wife la this talc Is an incomprehensible Biddle. How a man Side a Town, The story In the January number of the Atlantic of the man who stole a meeting house, has suggested to the editor of a New Hampshire paper the reported stealing of that portion of the town of Alton, in that State, which was formerly known as New Durham Gore. The legend runs thus: “On a time, the possessors of tUo wilder nc r s now comprising the town of New Dur ham. Wakefield, Middleton (which Included Brookfield), and that pin of Alton known as New Durham Gore, agreed with a certain i party to run out and duly bound a certain number of lots, each 100 by 16J rods, and If there was any laud leit, the party running out the land should hate it. The surveyor a name, we think, was Bryant, but whether he or hi* einplojcts were the wicked party, wo'know not j iffln it to »*, tUot lusUad Oflajlmrllioiols out with rlsht or »i|uaro nicies, as they were expected to do, the towns were laid out in lots with oente ami obtuse angles, l'k* diamond*, and couse bucutly. each contalrcd much le*s land than was Intended by the owners, while the cd tricksters got for Ihctnscltcs the whole of Now Durham Goto. To this day the H 0 0" lattucrs of these towns are not only much f discommoded by their diamond C»ruis, but the Increase la fencing Is enormous.