Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 25, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 25, 1867 Page 2
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Cljtcaga BAHT, TKI-TTEFKLY ASP WEEKLY. OPFIGC. R«.SI€LAUH>ST, Then are three coitions of the Tnanm issues. Ist. y err monmur. for circulation Ur earner*, oewsmet ano UieznallA. Sd.Ta*TEi-WKxxj.T, Mondays, Wed onOsTSiazic fnOsyt. Cot tbe bs&Us only; and in* ffun.ii. on TBcrsdnya. for the main and Sals at oar counter sad by newimeo. Xerms of tbe Chicago Tribune: * Dally detlvaedlc the aty (per week)........g 7 #« *• .** •* 44 (per quarter)'.... 3.3 a Daily, to wall subscribers (per attorn, pays- Die In advance) 11X00 Trt-Weckly.(per aatnm. payable tn advance) 0.00 Weekly, (per •Oman, naTabe In advance) IXOO tr Fractional parts of tbo year at Ute same rates. CV* Perrons remitting sad ordering five or more copin of either tbe Tri-Weekly or Weekly edition*, mayrptalntenper eeotof thesnbscrlpuoo price as a commission. None* to BimscßTßXM.—in ordering tbe address oi your paper* changed, to prevent delay, be sure and specify wbst edition you take—lreekly. Tri-Weekly, or Dally. Also, glveyoarpaaagsTsndlatnre addreas OT Money, by Draft, Bxp'e's. Money oraern, or la BeglsteredLcttrn'.maTtieseotatonriUk. Addrecs. THIIUiNB Cl>„ Chicago, 111. FRIDAY, JANUARY 25. 1807. TUB LBGIRKjVTDKB ANO THE RAILROADS. Resolutions arc bctore the Legislature of Illinois, asserting two propositions, to the effect, first, thattke power to prohibit the consolidation of railroad corporation! cre ated by the State, oad second, that Hie pow er to place a limit upon railroad tariffs to protect the public from extortion—ate In- I Lcrcut in the State and may be exercised by | the Legislature at any time when the exer- ; else of such power is demanded by 1 lie interest. The Railroad Committee of that body will, Uls understood, accept the vote upon there resolutions, as an Instruc tion to report a bill to give these proposi tions the effect of law*. There cun be no question as to the popular hcnlimcnt upon tills question. There is not a producer In Illinois who does not retied that It costa nearly os much now to get pro ducc to market as It did in the days of the old turnpikes and before railroads were built. That is to say, agricultural products m consequence of the excessive charges for freight, now command hut-a little, if any, more at the p’ucc of. shipment than they did before tire country was spanned by railroads, The consumers of agricultural products pay the most unprecedented prices, and yet but a very small proportion of these prices go to the producer. The great bulk goes to the transportation companies. The question submitted to the public—both consumer and producer—is whether a bushel of wheat Is worth Its transportation, and whether, when a railroad company charges as much for Irani-porting an article one hundred miles as the article is worth at the place of shipment, there Is no power of remedying the evil and of relieving tbcoppresslon. Haro the people of Illinois given to a number of corpora tions the exclusive right to transport freight, and have they also given to those corpora tions, irrcclaimably, the right to chaig* w hatever they please for moving the same ? If so, then the people arc at the mercy of these corporations, and there is no remedy. If the oulhority of the corporations Is un limited, then they may, by their tariff of freights, prohibit the removal of a bushel of grain from the State. If they can charge one cent per bushel per mite for moving wheat or com, they may charge forty cents per bushel per mile, ami there is no redress. There is no second shop; there Is no mode of reaching markitsavc by railroad, and the railroads have the authority to demand not only the price of the grain, but something beyond, for Us removal. In England they once bad asyrttm of tithes, by which one-tenth of cv< rything produced upon a farm had to be delivered over to support an Established Church. The Church had a vested right in this bounty dating back through centuries. But the people even of England eventually rid themselves of the oppression. IVcliive no Established Church, but we have a worse monopoly. It Is claimed that we Lave bar tered away *our right to carry our products to market, and have given to the persons having this exclusive rlcht the power not only to take a tithe, but the whole, as a com pensation for moving it. The people ofllliuols have what is known ns a Constitution, which Is the highest pos sible form of a contract and covenant. To - it all other contracts, obligations, public or private, arc subordinate. It Is conceded that the people have the right to set aside and abolish that Consti tution, and to repeal the Government of the Stale; that they have power to break up Ihclr entire system of Slate government, aid creel a new one in Us place; and yet U 1? denied that they have the power to reclaim a privilege granted to n private corjKiratlon, or limit the extension oftliat privilege when it has become an en gine of oppression and extortion, and instead of u convenience and a blesslog tins become ruinous to Iho properly and dcslrucUvc of the suhstnnre of the people. To our mind, there is no clearer proposi tion than that the people are Inn*, mid that (hey cut.nut. through their Legislature or otherwise, divest themselves of certain powers. Thus, In the Constitution of IS-IS, I lure was a clause providing fora two mill (nx, to be applied to the payment of the pub lie debt. That was a contractor the most Mdiinn character wllh (he creditors of the Hate, and upon the faith ofll the Slain* ob tained ciedlt; yet who Is there that will deny that the people might not the very next year have stricken that clause from the (Vnstituttmi, and thus violated Hu* solemn (ontuiet with I licit creditors? It is not merely a question of violation of contracts, but au hiqnliy of tutor Importance, and Hint Is, whether the people of one genera lien have llio authority to Mud their site triors inelricvahty In uuylhug. it Is a principle of law, settled in alt the Hales, and nowhere nimeehiplnillefltlyllmti \'f Iho Supreme Court oi Illinois, that Stale I«glrtaliMo--, Iti nil things tiof tnlitld'ed by 11m' Conrtilntloii of iho Cntli'd HlntcntMl o| Iho Plain, popepsp all legblallvo power. Admitling, Ihetefnro, fl««r nrgtinuml'ft sake, I bat Ihn question, never having been sdilldP t Hi d by our Piipmne Conti, is one ofdoubt end ninTilßlnly, U Is Him privilege nlid His Him duty of Him l,eu'slHlor» to eouslnh* tin own power* liberally, and to tint U I.lo= Him lUillioiltV to I'eillcsS a giant public wrong by applying Him IrgUl ition manwsary. In no oilier way cun Him rteeUJou aver bn oh tallied, Tiio M.alon« policy la the policy of the monopoly. Thu railroads have the crops of the people in their banns; it lot alone they will soon' have tho lands also. Thu man in the Legislature who refuses to vote for a Mil,to redress this great wrong and op predion, on the pretext that he fears the fcupiemc Court will overrule the act, votes as directly Id the interest of the railroads and as directly for the perpetuation of the mo nopoly, as If he formally voted to make their charters LrrcpcaUhle tbrever. Since the above was written we have the gratifying Intelligence that the resolution were adopted by Hie Senate by a vote of eighteen to seven. This vote gives promise of relief. Let It be followed without delay by the proper legislation. THK FItIMfNT TARIFF <>.\ WOO I. Many people supi»osc that the present tarilf on wool is very light, and, therefore, In justice to that interest, ought lo be increased. Here arc the facts: The tariff act of June 3d, 38C4, fixes the duty ou Imported wools as fol lows; 1. On wool, the value of which at the port of export is 12 cents per pound or Irfli, doty of 3 cents in coin 0r4.2 in currency, being 25 percent on the invoice value of the maximum price or S 3 per cent on coarse wools worth hut 9 cents per pound at the place of ship ment. 2. On wool valued over 12 cents and less than 24 cents per poaud, the duty Is 6 cents per pound, gold, or SV< cents In currency, being 38 per cent on the average oricc ol wool of this grade. 8. On wool valued at ov.cr 24 cents, and not over S 3 cents per pound, the duly is 10 cents ptr pound and 10 per cent ad valorem , which is 17 cents per pound currency, or GI per cent ou the average price of ibis-grade of wool. 4. On wool valued nl over 32 cents per pound, 12 cents per pound In coin aud 10 per cent ad valorem, which is 21 cents per pc.und m currency, or GG per cent of bounty to American wool-growers on the Invoice cost of the wool. 5. On wool mixed with dirt, so as to reduce the value to 13 cents coin per pound, 10 per cent extra duty Is added. Wool mixed in the bale, If appraised over .24 rents per pouud, is charged 10 cents per pound ned 10 per cent ad intonm, being equal to a duly of 40 per cent on the cost oi the wool. 0. As to wool of different qualities in the same Invoice, all charged at the fame price so as to reduce the overage more thau 10 per cent, the whole is made to pay the same duly as Is charged on the finest wool hi the lot, which would be from WUo 00 per cent, according to grades. 7. Wool Imported scoured, pays three times the above duties, which makes tin; du ties ou scoured wool 33 to 00 per cent ou the cost. H. If the charges added to tho duly an Ihe 41 long combing wools,” carry llio cost Dilute 12 cents per pound coin, one cent per ]>>ut)d in coin la added to the duly, which Is cqunl to per cent more tariff. The nt'ovu talcs continued In force from dune 30, inffl, lo July IH, JtMO, being two years ntid une inonlb, when the rhitnoiNo) the large wool growcis Induced emigres* to vote (hum more bounty b., changing the Invoice to n homo valuation on wool. Tho duties on wool now Includo In addition (o (ho original Invoice vnluool the port whence exported to the United btu(c*<, the cost of transportation, shipment and IrnindilpinMil, with nil thv expenses In cluded, fmtn thu place of growth, produo. ton, or manuittcluro, Including tho sack, Vo*, or coveAng,' Insurance and commissions at tbe usual rates. -l ~, \ It is somewhat difficult to ascertain exact* Ij fcowmnch these Y*K!!ous_ itcnuwid to the prcrione duties mc»r careful esU* mates -place them fjal Do -percent*;-Some 1 authorities say, 18to 25 percent; others as high as S 3 per cent. Calling <tbo increase of duty under the act of July 88,1866.25 per cent, wo find that tho present tariff on-wools arc as follows: On the -coarse wool ranging fiom 6 to IZcents per ponnd the duty- la S 3 to 47pcrlbDt.~ On wool between 13 and 34 cents, 47 per cent;"on wool over 34 and under S 3 cents, 70 per cent; on wool over S 3 cents per ponnd 79 per cent; on wool raized with dirt 75 per cent; on wool of different grades In the bale 53 per cent; on combed wool 02 to 05 per cent. Six months have scarcely passed since this last addition has been made to the dnty on wool, before tbc old clamor is renewed more fiercely than ever for more tariff on wool. Tbc wool lobby declare that tbc Increase of twenty-five per cent voted by Congress last session has done no good ; that It has failed to make wool dearer as was anticipated, tbc rcoson being that tbc advance In tbo duty damoged the manufacturers, and reduced tho consumption of woollens by the people. It is now pioposcd to remedy this disappointment of the few large wool growers by making the duties almost prohibitory, and by piling on n heavy addition to the existing tariff on woollen goods, in order to protect tbc manu* foclurcrs from destruction, by enabling them to charge more for their woollen goods. The interests of the mosses of tbo people who purchase and wear clothes don't appear to have Lora taken into consideration at all. THE NEW WAUEHOIItfR RILL, W'o published yesterday the Warehouse Act Introduced In the Stale Senate on Wednesday, by Mr. Ward, of this city. The slips on which this bill was printed were headed “ Board of Trade Hill ;** but such a heading was wholly unauthorized, since the Board ul Trade has never officially expressed an opinion on the merits or demerits of the measure, and rlncc, as we arc assured on the best authority, the members of the Board of Trade generally disapprove It and arc op posed to Its passage. It docs not look well for the success of the measure that Its very inception should thus bo marked by false pretensions. Its authors must bare felt the inherent weakness of their cause* to be in ■ duccd to resort to a trick so shallow and so easily detected. However, we propose to consider the bill on Its merits. In spite of this piece of strategy intended to give it a false character and popularity. It is entitled an set “ regulating the warehousing of grain in Chicagoand it applies only to this city, therein differing from Mr. Eastman’s bill, which extends to the whole State. It takes no notice of private warehousemen, as Mr. Ka>lmnn designates those who store the grain of each owner In a separate bln, where as Mr. Eastman defines their duties and makes them liable to heavy pains and penal ties lor dishonest practices in their business. It requires public warehousemen to obtain a license, but It docs not compel them to give sureties for the lulthful performance of their duties; and the general penalty It imposes lor the violation of the law, Is, that the Judge shall revoke the license, although special and more severe penalties arc provided In certain eases. The most important and essen tial feature in Mr. Eastman’s bill has been altogctbei omitted In this. We refer to the proposition intended to break up the ele vator and railroad monopolies. In our ar ticle on Mr. Eastmqn’s bill, a few days since, we expressed doubts as to the practicability and legality of some of his propositions, but of the absolute necessity of carrying out the purpose of those propositions in some man ner, there can be no doubt. Until the rail road and elevator monopolies arc destroyed, and the railroads ns well as the warehouse men required to give specific receipts of the quantity received and shipped, we appre hend it will bo Impossible to break np the great system of larceny now practiced with impunity. Whatever bill passes should not omit these essential details, and a bill which is confined in its application only to the city of Chicago must necessarily full short of accomplishing any mate rial reform, since the railroads through out the Slate must be taken hold of in this matter by tbe band of tiieiaw. It is, in our opinion, a grave defect In both this bill and Mr. Eastman’s, that it docs not require the railroadsat points in the State whence grain is transported by them, to give specific re ceipts. While we nre not prepared to say the Legislature has tho power to do precisely what Mr. Eastman proposes In regard to the railroads, we have no doubt bat it may, by some well-matured uud perfectly legal measure, break np the monopolies and throw the elevator business open to compe tition. Such a mcasutfc would be more fatal to grain stealing than any other. Willi Ibese monopolies broken up and wholesome rcgniullons established by hiw for conduct ing the buriness, there would he no difficul ty. Any mrnsurclbnt Ignores these essentia) matters, ns Mr. Ward’s docs, seems to ns to omit the must IniporUul points of the ease. Remedies that do not reach these fundamen tal evils, can only partially cure (hem, and will probably be regarded as devices to con ccnl nnd perpetuate these evils, rather than as an earnest and sincere effort to eradicate them. In saying this we do not wish to charge the authors of I his bill with any such design. We are willing to give them lull mill I for a desire (o accomplish a cure, but we think they full to come up to the require ments of the ease they propose to trout. There Is one evil which might ho remedied, even by u bill applying only to the city of Chicago; lint this is precisely what Mr. Ward’s measure docs no/ propose to do. We icfer to the secrecy which U preserved by Dm dltlerent warehousemen in regard In the quantity and grade of the cnilnjon hand In their respective warehouses* Each warehouseman now reports weekly to Ihe Hccrclary of (he Board of Trade Ihe amount of grain he has ou hand ; but the Hmclnry Is pledged not to reveal this t and (he only lad made public Is Ihe gross amount of grain stored In Ihe city, withoiilany sped l licnihm of Its glade or condilkm, nr (he animini stored In uny one warehouse, Tim icnsoiKrttegcdfoMlitssccreay is tlial U will prevent speculators from "cnriicilng" any one witt'chonsi*. lint this reason, on mnui»» inallon, will Inin oni lo lm no reason at ail, What la needed Is thut every warehouseman Goring grain should give a »v 47// ti.uman in ifthiiJ imihroiiih setting forth Dm iranauetnm* of Dm wick—tho amount discharged, nnd tho nmmint nn bund, with (he different grades and tho coi.dliion; and this statement should be made public by publication or posting in some proper and conspicuous phivo or places, where all Inter eMed enu examine It. Mr. Ward’s MU cun tains no such provUion. On the contrary its evident purpose la to continue the prc-unl system of sccrcsy. The eleventh section, after requiring warehousemen to permit duly siutlmrlzed Inspectors to examine and esti mate the quantity ot the grain in store, at least once a week, and to report to tho Chief Inspector "the amount and grade iu the several bouse;, to the end that the sal t-’hivf Inspector may compile a weekly statement of the *iu:jrt;iale quantity of “ grain m said city," contains the following proviso: “Provid'd, That no such in/jieetar " thail couununiralf to any other person than “«jc/< Chief Inspector , or sueJt leareJutuse "keepe r, the result of his estimate, un “</rr a penalty of immediate dismissal 'from office .” Thus, Instead ofproposlngany change in the present system, a change de maeded by the interests of the business coni' munily, this bill would perpetuate the pres ent system, by having the Chief Inspector alone acquainted with the details, and by requiring him to make known only the 0/7. aregaie , precisely what la now made known. We do not think this bill, if passed, will re sult in any radical reform, or any material change In things os they now exist. While Mr. Eastman's bill, ns wc have shown, is la at least one respect deficient, and in others of questionable legality, it certainly is an earnest attempt to remedy the evils com* plained of, and at least raises great questions i( it docs not settle them. Sir. Ward’s bill leaves the whole matter where it is, and if the Legislature can do nothing better than this, it might as well drop the subject alto gether. THE PROPOSED* APPORTION. 91UNT, A bill has been introduced Into the Legis lature providing for the reapporllonmcnt of the State into Congressional, Senatorial, and Uepresintalivo districts. The bill Is, so far ob tills county is concerned, decidedly farci cal ; it Is also iniquitous, and the Iniquity !e not extenuated by Us stupidity. IVc do not see wby there should be any reapportionment of the State, so far as Con gressional Districts arc concerned. It Is true we tuiw have ono member elected by the Stole at large, but there will be but one more election for members of Congress prior to the taking of the next census, when the Stale will have lobe rcdlstrtctcd. In the meantime the Stale can got along very well under the present arrangement, and it is no loss to Illinois that one of her representa tives goes there as Juhn Logan will go, expressing tho sentiments of tho whole people. There Is a conetllutionnl necessity, how over, for the rcappurtluninent of tho legisla tive districts ; and this county is iniorcslcd In Hint matter, Cook County couHvlna enough population lo entitle her to a re spectable nuuiurtcul representation In the Legislature. Cook County wants tho full nmnhar of HeprcaonlMlve# to which iiur population entitles her, nml no morn t hut she wants to elect her own Representative*. Cook County doas not wish lobe raproaunled hy persons residing in and elected hy tho voters of Will, Dupogo, Kendall, or other counties. Should Cook County have any surplus of population over the number en titling hop to KeprosoutaUvas, lot tho adjoin ing counties have tho bonoQl of that surplus, but do not out Ibis county into fragments to be lost and overwhelmed by counties having no direct interest In onr affairs. Let Cook County elect all her own Senators and Rep* rrsentatives, and lot the smaller counties club together and elect tljplr own; but do not apportion this city and county, so as to lorgct their Identity, and* become lost injtbe local interests of WLJI, Dupage, KendaUiand other counties. Thlnk.of N the absurdity of the Representatives of bhicagg being* se lected from Joliet, Naperville, and other small towns in the interior. Dad tbc framers of tbo bill intended to destroy the political weight of tbo two hundred thousand people ot this- county, they—could* not have devised a better scheme .for-tbe purpose. Those twb hundred, thousand people claim tbc right to elect tbclr own Representatives. They do not want id deprive other counties of tho liko privilege ; they do not want to swell their representation by tacking on other counties, nor will they submit to bo deprived of their representation, by having their population parcelled out and divided Among other counties. So far as tbc Congressional District is con* ccrned, Cook County prefers to do without the second member until after the census of 1370; then her own population will bo equal to the number required for two members, ond these two members this county proposes to elect for herself. In the legislative apportionment one wan] of Chicago la torn from its brethren and placed with Will County In a Senatorial DU. trlct. We wonder If the framers of that bill ever looked at the geographical outlines of that Senatorial District 1 We repeat, the proposed bill, so fhras this county Is concerned, Is on absurdity and an outrage, and wo hope that our representa. lives will see that It does not become a law In the shape In which it now stands. LOCATION OP THE AUUKCULTC UAIi COLhKfiK, The Legislature, It seems, Is somewhat dl vhk-d In sentiment, as to whether It should go on promptly and designate the location of the Agricultural College, according to Its awn Judgment, or charge an Itinerant Com mission with the task of locating it hereaf ter. Wo have no hesitation in saying it will be much more satisfactory to tbe people of the State, to have the Legislature settle this question itself, than to lutrust it to any Com mission, however well constituted. lithe representatives of the people, coming os they do from all parts of the State, cannot deter mine the mottcr satisfactorily, It Is difficult to perceive who can. Since the scheme of dividing up the Ihnd between a number of Institutions has been exploded, and we arc to have one institution, tbe sooner It Is located the better will It be for all bands concerned—-for tbe,successful competitors as well as the unsuccessful. A Commission would, we think, be no more likely to select a good location than the Legislature. Therefore let our representa tives fix the matter without delay. Let it save the people from the uncertainty which would follow the appointment of a Commis- flon. This matter should not bo loft to un certainty. In order to secure the nmgnlllccut donation of. Congress tbe college must be established within a few months rami, while it is true tbe Legis lature might require a Commlsslou to agree upon a site Within a specific time, it should wake sure, by its own action, that there shall be no such delay in the matter as to cn-. danger the grant. Whatever the Legisla ture decides upon in this matter, will be cheerfully acquiesced in by the body of the people, and whatever shall be decided upon either by tho Legislature or a Commission, it is certain that there will be some dissatisfac tion among the defeated. Let our legisla tors take the icsponslbility, and not trust to Gibers what It ought to do itself. C U A XJ-IUSTOn I. The public do not sympathize with the at tacks made upon Mr. Gran by certain news papers in this city. There Is a flavor of per sonal animosity about them that docs no credit to their authors. The Chicago Times alleges every day that Mr. Grau, under the promptings of avarice, has brought over from Italy a fifth rate stock company to play with Rlstorl; and that hi so doing he has weakened the great actress, and defrauded the public. In point of fact tbe company is a very meritorious one, decidedly superior to that which Rachel brought over twelve years ago, and was selected, not by Mr. Grau, but by Rlstorl herself. Madame Rls tori had a larger interest In the success of her tour In the United States than Mr. Grau bad. In a pecuniary point of view her Interest was greater than his, and her reputation in this country was staked upon the success of tho performances, while Mr. Grau’s was not. lienee the attacks upon Mr. Grau arc not only malicious, but devoid of sense. The public is indebted to Mr. Grau, to largo measure, for the pleasure of Madame Ristori’s presence among us. She might have come to this country without Ids agen cy. though that is not certain. Of course Mr. Grnu reaps a profit from the tour. It Is Ids business. Hls right that he should. No body desires that he should work for noth ing. If Madame Klstori Is satisfied with her company, and with Mr. Gran, and if the pub lic arc satisfied,‘as they scum to be, with tho pci foi motiees, nobody else has a right to complain. One of the New Jersey Senators, Mr. ruttcll, has Jnr.t delivered his " imihlon" speech. Ho made nn argument In behalf of a "protective tariff," wo arc Informed by Ihe Washington despatch. It was generally supposed that we had a protective tariff of the highest kind. If u tariff Hut levies ft/ly.nU per cent of taxation In gold Is not “ protective," nr Is not high enough, will Hcimtur Cat tel! condescend to inform the country how high the (ax on the Ameri can consumer mn*l be, to make the tariff prnli’dlvo ? Will n lax of 100 per cent answer f If tint, will one of ftnn per cent bo "phdetMvc'* In tho golitli’liiiin's opinion? Is It nol Dial hu Is advocating, tin stead of protection ? PLIIOONAL, flev, W, »t, nutter, ftniacfly af Trinity I’olW/V t'aihlnnlee, lm« tiecn eleiHt Hiatmp of Natal, in place of f-ntiiieo, wim is on the graiied, and |im. paled to make h aMranndy lively Mr him iim'm* Ite (pie* onf. 11" litt* agreed la take (he advice of the AivlddslnijMif t'amerlmry and tin* lindmp of OMonl aland ncraiding, Mon. dalm Muldwin, of |)ar*a, Ohio, has glyeu n deed for foriy arm* or qnan y «s e canlenarr do* tu Jlalnwlu Uidvetcfiy, Tho land la said to bi-wmthatWi fnu.OnO, 'Die Ku'icit statue has been completed Pi clay by Mr. Htorv, and la now nl Munich, ready fur raellmr. If will arrive In Itoston In May, and (ho dedication will probably place la June. The Alexandria i1.a.1 Democrat, of Die JUh, re cords the arrival In that place of HspUjo) Semitics. He was In excellent health, and had colored upon th.: dbchaigo ol Id* duties as Professor of Moral Philosophy in Dm state Seminary- Robert Dick, a baker to Thurso. Scotland, died ice* ntly, He was considered by octghnors to bo inranc, but Me ecological nnd entomological ►kill were so great that be was a teacher to some of the most eminent scientific men of tho ago. He died in uwer poverty, nvd doubtlessly ere long he uill l;avca monument famished by tbe very nen who lave been scouting at hi* labors while be lived. ITobae left a very valuable collection of geological specimens to a 1- cal natural science association. The Boston Journal says (here Is 1 touch of old heroism In Dr. Howe's volunteering toco again lo Greece tvhh a shipload of supplies. it Boston contributes $30,000. lie is still fall of energy 01. d enthusiasm, thonch forty years ago, after fighting with the Greeks, bo came home and ob talced from onr fathers ned mothers those large supplies which, more-than anjthlng else, gave Greece hopo and eventual Independence. Berger, the billiard player, is coming here again neat summer. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. A Mrs. Woodw'rtb has been dismissed from tho Congregational Church to Winstead. Conn., for obtaining a divorce from her husband “without a Bible cause." The wi’e of an extensive bore manufacturer In Cincinnati has eloped with a lover. Previous to her departure she made purchases in her bus band's came lo the amount of I Woo. A manufacturing establishment in Erie. Pa., has purchased one of the abandoned oil boles, and is abundantly supplied from it with gas for Ucbiiugatd heating purposes, and with a Urge surplus to spare Mrs. Roxana Dwight was lately fined one cent and costs at ITovidoncc, for striking Ellen Curtis In the face, because she put her arm around Ur. UwlghPt neck, and asked him to go to tho theatre with her. At Pernambuco recently, a terrible riot occurred between the Draxillans and Portuguese. Eighty I’ortncneee were killed, when the Portuguese, combining with the English, killed ono hundred of the OranUaca. MwxachoscUs' war debt tarns np $50,000,000. The convicts In the Massachusetts State Peni tentiary are to have winter evening lertnres. A few oats since, a farmer near Newark, N. J., was watted upon by a respectable looking gentle man, who said be had come to pay for a basket of apples which he had taken from the orchard when a hoy, sixteen years previously, lie Insisted npon paying not only the original value, but the Interest. At Jackson, Louisiana, recently, a child was sewed by a catam'<nnt and terribly lacomtcd be. fore It could bo rescued by its mother. ■ The same catamount attorwtrds attacked a boy upon a mule, and also attached an omlirrant wagon,the Inmates of which shot It dead. It meosnred nearly six feet In length. Two daughters of J. n. Chamberlain, E«ij.. of ribwort)), Maine, came near losing (licit Pros by suflocatlon lately, from tho effects of coal gas. Thu damper In (bo stove ptpo got (tuned, probably from th« draft of wind, andlba gas escaped into the had, and tlicnco Into the sleeping room of (he young ladles, (heir dour being left open. A farmer near Paris, Canada West, waa thrash ing out Ms gialn when the decomposed remains of two nmois wrrr found, and it wae Hum re memimred that two colony! men who had been employed during the harvest had dlaappou ed mys teriously, and when last aeon were under the In fluence of liquor, They had probably I rid dowu on tho mow to steep, and were accidently aimdb cied hr other abeavee being thrown upon them. A race from Providence to Uostoo, a diilnnoo of forty feto wilts, lo tlHtihs, for a parse of SI,OOO, wjs run lari Tuesday, and won by block Mans m throe boilta and twenty-five mlnulee. WASHINGTON. The Situation in Maryland. How tile Southern Eighta Party is Coming into Power. The Negro in Washington and Georgetown, and among Pro _ Slavery Politicians.. The Impeachment Inquiry. [Special Correspondence of Uio Chicago Triunno. WaßnmoTOK, D. C., Janoarf 19. The situation In Maryland Is already about as bad as It can be. What Is lacking to make it wholly deplorable, the rebel sympathizers will soon supply. A regular bargain has been concluded between the out-and-out Democrats and the so-called Conservatives. The law providing that one of the United States Senators shall bo a resident of the Eastern Shore Is to bo temporarily suspend* cd, and Governor Swann will boclectcd'to succeed Mr. Crcsswcll. This Is what the Conservatives get In the trade. The ex* rebels and their friends, for their part of (ho contract, gel complete control of the State for the next dozen years. The representation of Ball!, more and the Union counties Is to bo re* duced, while that of the Eastern Shore and alt the pro-slavery counties Is to bo increased. The Unionists are already In a helpless mi nority in the General Assembly; with this new distribution of representation their ca-o will bo almost hopeless. Moreover, the lower branch of the Legislature has passed u hill restoring all the ex-rebels In the State to the full privilege of citizenship, and the upper branch Is considering a hill calling a new Constitutional Convention to undo tho work done by the Unionists in 1304. One or both of these bills seems sure enough to pass. A bill has been introduced to repeal some of the more obnoxious features of the negro laws of the State. It has small chance ot passing, if one may Judge from the fact that the House Committee on the Col* ored Population has been authorized * 4 to report nulll for the regulation and enforce ment of hire or other dealings entered Into between negroes and while citizens,” and to inquire Into the expediency of passing a law to prevent negroes from carrying, using or diopluyiug guns or other offensive weapons In public. Docs not ibis statement of mots bear me out In asserting that the condition of affairs is nearly as bad as it can be, and tbat what Is lacking to make it deplorable the rebel sympathizers will soon supply? Their effort is to completely overthrow the Union porty of the State; to rut matters again Into the handsof the old and domineering Southern Rights parly. They willbe success ful—l have no doubt ol tbut. The battle be tween Liberty and Slavery is yet to be fought to a conclusion. The war gave Liberty a tcmpoiary advantage, whereby came goodto the nation, but the real conOict is now only just begun. Liberty will ultimately succeed, but not till the ballot has been put into the hands ol every loyal man. 1 think It would somewhat amuse you to sec what a person of consequence the loyal negro of the District has become, through the Congressional gift of the ballot. The other day there were none so poor as to do him reverence; now, every ofticc seeker of Washington and Georgetown bends the knee to him. Seeing how our Democratic ward politicians court his favor and sue for his good will, you could never imagine that they were ever anything less than his most devot ed mends. There Is no election in Washing ton ill! Juno, and it is, therefore, something too early for the full development of their plans and plots here. In George town, however, the charter elec* tlon takes place on the 25th of next month, and the canvass has fully opened. The white vote of the sleepy old town ranged, during the war, from 450 to 525 In numbers. It Is estimated that the negro vole will now lie between 550 ami 050—cer tainly It will be rather larger than the ave rage while vote has been for the last five or six years. The negroes arc, therefore, ob jects of great Interest to the small politi cians of the city. They bold the balance of power, ami probably can elect any man on whom they concentrate their vole. Mayor Addison is, of course, a candidate for re election—and will be os long os ho lives, lie is as nervous and anxious about matters ns though Lis oilice was worth ton thousand dollars, aud, la UU silent fashion, is laboring as Industriously to secure the negro vote as ever a Democratic politician did (o secure the Irish vote, dim bo is master of the situation, and it is not a little comforting to original negro sulfragc men to see how readily the ballot makes him “ n man and a brother ” in the eye* of these old pro-slavcry fossils. Yet the new citizen bos his troubles. The suffrage act declares tbat the registry of voters shall he made before thu first'Tuesday in March; and the Mayor, having the tech nical right to delay till within two or three days ol that period, doesn’t manifest much deposition to make It out prior to the elec tion on the 25th of February, unless ho can have assurances that he and his friends shall receive a considerable proportion of the negro vote. Some effort was quietly made lust week, I hear, to reach an ” under standing ” with the leading colored men, but it was not at ail successful. On tire con tinry they threatened tooppcul to Congress it immediate steps were not taken for mak ing u U'gMnitlou. They were as good as tbelrword, and Senator Morrill, this morn ing, reported a bill giving the Supremo Court of the 1 District power to appoint live Judaea of elections for Washington mid three lor Georgetown, mid making it the dutv ol IhcMi Judges to prepare n registry UrtTlvu days beiore rneh election, 1 saw Mr. Mayor Addison tills afternoon, lie was mucli cxeielml about this bill, mid sddltio Common Coum-il of Geotgelown had about oelennlucd to order that The registration be made out on the 20th of next month. Thu negroes, between the good will of Congress on tlieoi c band, mid the fear of the aulhoil tlo« on the oiler, seem In n fair way to gel a sneedy iiektmwleduincnl of their rights in this regaid. How they will vole remains lu be seen. The House Judiciary Committee doesn’t Piogrcss much, ns yet. with Us Impeachment Inquiry. They have had the matter up at three miTllngs, but, so turns enn tie learned, Imre neither token any testimony nor fnltv decided upon the course to pursue. Mr. Ashtey lias been I'Hbre them twice to expirss bis views nhd Imllenln the gromntsor h's belief Hint (lie President tins been guilty of Hgh.cHtnes Hint misdemeanor*. 1 believe lie was imido to nmlefsiAhii Hull, while (M iietu) eliiiiges mid sweeping denunciations and llieiollenl rtiodotnonliMlu might ,be well enough lor the staple of buncombe speeches In Hie House, they were not what the com inlllee required, How fur he wns snccesstnl In ghhm I hem specific and parlmnbip chiMge»,ldo not lewm. The ommhmtlon. IIS 1 have be hue said, Will tint hna limited ntlid'i I have no Idea that this (Vmgrtuu will , be called upon either to eomUwt or decide 1 Impeachment proceedings, The result of Us li-quliy, |ho report of Its committee, will he at the service of (he next Congress, Hon. I’ H. Wiodibume nulla for Europe next Wednesday, in Hie IVnda, I believe J. RmwellJaucß. Esq., accompanies him. Mr. Wndibmiie goes out by the advice of physi cians, aud U likely to remain fur three or four months. He bus been troubled with a disease of Hie spine and kidneys for some time. His dUlleiiltirs wore very much ag graveled by the- labors, exposure and fatigue consequent upon the Memphis riot Investigation which, by order of tbc House, be conducted early last summer, and, as will be recalled, was obliged to leave Washing ton before Hie adjournment of Congress. It Is known that he was able to take but little part in the campaign of last fall. The qqicl ot the summer -and autumn improved *his condition somewhat, but a return to the ac tive work ot the short session hare again prostrated him ; and medical men prescribe a long period of rest and entire cessation from anything exciting, and recommend, further, u rather severe course ot medical treatment. He will visit Paris, and lake fmther advice there, before resorting to the remedies prescribed here. Israel. CHICAGO ASD THE MISSOURI TAL* LEY. Importance of Railroad Commtmlca* uun with Kamu City. Kxx&ss Cnr, Mo„ January 30. To (be Editor of the Chicago Tribune: I occasionally lind a number of your paper in our hotel reading-rooms here, looking quite like an old familiar friend, and glance over Its columns for anything of interest you may have regarding onr Western world. I frequently observe communications from Leavenworth bolstering up the fortunes of that decaying town, and occasionally an arti cle by your commercial editor on your rail road connnecUons In Missouri, In all of which Kansas City seems to have been steadily ignored. As we for years have transacted a heavy mercantile business with Chicago, and shall, during the coming summer, become a next door neighbor by a continuous line of railroad. It would, perhaps, with a view to oar mutual Interests, be well for us to be come better acquainted. It Is not, perhaps, generally known that previous to the war, with a view of securing the advantage of competition for trade be tween Chicago and St. Lonts, Kansas City, in conjunction with Clay County, had projected and nearly completed the grading of a rail rood iron) Cameron, on the Uunibal «t St. Joseph Railroad, a distance of fifty-two miles. Since the war. work has been re newed on this road with redoubled energy, and by the first of September next, the work will bo completed; so that whcuthccon- bridge at Quincy is done, oar rail road connection with tour city will be com plete. This Is the only Hue of railroad con necting Chicnco with the Eastern Division oi the Union Pacific Hoad by uninterrupted route. Through the enterprise of Mr. .toy, and other gentlemen of the nriengo, tiiirilngtnn Qutney Hoad, the .Missouri Hirer Is being spanned !»>* a imigntilcciit iron bridge nl this point, the work on which Is actually begun, nml will be pushed forward ns fist as the ample mi nt s at the company'* dlspostl will iieenmpllsli Ihe work. lon will routine at a glance the new field which this eonuection opens tip In Chicago enterprise. Tho Union Pacific Homl, Eastern Division, already com pleleil to Its IM'lh mile post, nml being ex* lemled twenty miles each inmilli, will soon reach the tmmuUlus. whew merchandise from your i lly can bn laid down at Denver City, without breaking bulk orelmngooi' curs— mi advantage not offered by your Northern Pacific route, ilioro being no bridge at Omaha, nod iron) the character of thu stream there, It bulng next to linpuulbUi to con struct one, This commotion also opens up to you the vast tradu of tho plains and New Mexico, which St. Louis has hitherto mujnop* olisrd exclusively to herself. Hut this western connection U not the only dcw channel of trade to be opened op to tho Northwest bj ibis bridge- at Kansas City. Five hundred and .fifty miles soath of this point la Galveston, op the Onlf of Mexico. A railroad Is already completed northward 150 miles Irom that point, and a heavy-force ■ls at work extending the line toward Red River, wblchatretm will he reached during the coming season.. .From Kansas City southward this lino is under contract and be* log constructed as far as Fort Scott, 100 miles, which work, it Is confidently expect ed, win bo bomplcted by,. January 1,1563. This will leave only 200 miles, over a line of cheap and easy construction, to complete an uninterrupted line of railway from Chicago to the Gulf. This latter road has large grants of Innd, and most advantageous :treaties: with the„ .Jndlam.7 . tribes through whose country it Is project ed, iso that: It has the most'abundant resources for Its construction.' I am-certain that yon of Chicago cannot blind your eyes to the splendid advantages which the com pletion of this Tost lino of improvements will secure to von ; nor can you forcer tho enterprise and pluck of this young city through whose energy these great worlca have been poshed forward to completion. For soma reason, notwithstanding oar trade with Chicago has always been a heavy one, Kansas City has been Ignored by Chi cago Journals. All through the dark boars of the rebellion, while our rival up the river, from the advantage which she derived from her proximity to Fort Leavenworth, was making giant strides in prosperity. Kansas City was struggling with tho misfortunes brought upon her bv the treason of a few of her citizens. Tho rebellion over, ber natural advantages of situa tion again asserted themselves: her business reached again Us funner figures, and *hc now hasn population of 12.000 In habitants. Over 1,000 building were erected here last season, and, from present Indica tions, that number will bo more than reached the coming summer. Our new pap ulation Is mostly from tho North and Hint, und, while we ore not. disposed to go back ononr own metropolis (Si. Louis), yet our people will Insist that she must enter the lists for a generous competition for tho vast trade that centres here, and which U to be so greatly Increased with each revolving year. Konsns City Is Ailly up to tho times on tho political questions or tho day, and votes by a lorgo majority with tho partv that Insists that treason shall hcjnauo odious, and that loyal men shall govern the Nation. In enterprise and a spirit of liberality she can challenge any city of the Missouri Valley, and capital needs only to bo Invited hero to secure large returns. Kansas City Is surrounded by as rich a country as there U under the sun, which pours Into our market its entire trade. 1 have said I bus much of our flourishing young city because I am satisfied that under the Influence ofartlclcs published In Chicago papers, cither through Ignorance or misrep resentation, hundreds and thousands of peo ple have settled to the north and west of us who would otherwise have cast their futures In this portion of free Missouri. In view of tho fact that we arc so soon to be united by Iron bonds and the common Interests of com merce, we bone that Chicago and the North west will lend us. equally with our sister cities, their Influence and assistance. THE SOOTH. From Knoxville to Louisville. A Horseback Hide Over the Cum berland mountains. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Trlbnne.] Montcomidt, Tennessee, January 16. I left the Congressional tourists at Knox ville. hired a horse and started for Kentucky, across the Cumberland [Mountains. Horses in this region are scarce. What the army did not take arc hardly worth having. But for the kindness of Mr. S ,a young and promising lawyer of Clinton, Tenn., I could not have prosecuted my journey into the mountain counties. Unacquainted in this section of the country, my first application for a horse, made in Knoxville, was ensue ccssful. The keeper of the livery stable re marked, on hearing my application: “Well, my friend, there are so many horse thieves perambulating the country, In these times, that I must have some kind of IdcntlUcition before furnishing you with a horse.” I travelled Knovlllc over to find a friend who would recommend me. From morning until night, I was on the street looking fora friend. I found no one to recog nize roc. I mentioned my connection with the Chicago TmntJKL'. I sent a despatch and it was not accepted at Louisville. I was pointed at ns an impostor. For days I hud no friends. Finally, money enrao to me. Those who looked awry before took me warmly by the hand. I was pronounced a “good fellow.” Horses were placed at my disposal, and one proffer I accepted. Before starting lor the bleak and snow tipped mountains, I called at the ©nice of the Knoxville * Kentucky Railroad, and was fa vored by the accomplished Engineer, Colonel Adrian Terry, with the following facts con cerning the prosecution of that Important enterprise: During tlie month of December the bridge over Clinch River was completed, and on the Ist of January the mountaineers for twenty mites around congregated to celebrate the event. Ilow singularly things do come about. A few yearn since, when It was pro posed to the people of Anderson County, Tenn., In levy n tax on the people (nr a low thousand dollars to nld the railroad enter prise, there was a general clamor raised against the scheme on the grounds that the scream of the locomotive would frighten n«ny tiie deer: that the country would swarm with speculators and Insidious “nut meg Yankees,” and that a now order of things would he Inaugurated that would not c< mlucc to the good of the mountaineer. Mow Unit the ralliond lias been completed to this point, the people, who finally voted quite a large sum In aid of the work, arc in eestneJes over the success achieved, and ex press to-day n readiness to render lurlher aid, 11 U is ncee«snry, to carry forward the work to the Kentucky line. The road Is in gum) running order from Knox ville to Clinton, a distance of twenty-one miles. The country through which the road Is huttt Is very mountainous, and almost as crooked as the road from Dalton, (leorgia, to Atlanta. A few rails are being laid from Clinton In the direction of the Kentucky line, hut the frozen condition of the ground will not admit of rapid progress, Hy tlie first of July nt the furthest, ns I wns Informed by Colonel Terry, rails will bo laid us far us ('on! Clock, ten miles from Clinton. The line has been surveyed ami established ns fur ns Wheeler's Onji, the point of egress Horn I’owell’s Vnlh*y, and a parly Is now mphiiy picking forward to 151 k (/an, from which point I tie l oad descends the Cumber land moiihlidiis. (Mi I tie liisl of rehnirtfy imvf, bids will ha rmdvrd top seven miles more of Urn work, nkUmlttttf ftnm ('•*«! Cfwh M Cove Creek, ft distance of seven miles, Colonel Ternv In forms nm Unit the llnntueky end of the line will not he completed lo l.nndon earlier than Oeloher, I Nth, He f«?|s confident of reaehlnu (he Htafe line long before Kentucky does. There mo at present nut over two hundred and fifty men employed upon the road. An soon as spring opens, however, ihu line will ho swarming with workmen, and ihe w ork will lie vigorously prosecuted to (he Kentucky rituto Lino, (Minton, Tennessee, situated on Clinch River, like most 711-PS*s «f East Tennessee, ►uttered terribly during the war. Occupied alternately by the troops of either army, each In turn contributing to the general de molition, Clinton was reduced In a few years from a lively, handsome, Utile country vil lage. cneliclcd by groves and thickets of evergreens, to a shabby, rusty collection of dilapidated buildings. There are two stores which seem to be doing a thriving business, notwithstanding the shortness of money and “the crops.” The people in attendance, on the first of I Jot.uary, to celebrate the completion of I the Louisville and Knoxville Railroad to Clinton seemed delighted with the prom ises given by President McGhee, and Colonel Terry In regard to the prospects for the early completion of the road to Louisville. But as 1 travelled through thcconntry, stopping occasionally to warm, or, as they have It, “to thaw ont,” 1 found a great many who thought the ral’road would be a good thing if it could be bailt without issuing bonds, and thus adding to the taxes. As to the political status of the people of this country I think it safe to say that they are pretty generally radical. It Is a mistake, however, to suppose that there are no ex ceptions to the rule. I found very many men whose records for loyalty were beyond • dispute—many who fought through the whole war In the Union ranks who depre cate the action of the Republican party in elevating to leading positions men whoso partizon and personal animosities would em broil the nation in another civil war. Among the hard-handed, ronghlv clad and coarse spoken mountaineers of east Tennessee are men, who, though little acquainted with the wrangiings and bickerings of politicians and would-be leaders, still dare to think for themselves upon the problems of the day. FESIASA. Arrest sfa milk-woman a* Stephens* [From the Cork Qenld.l About half-post seven o’clock on Saturday evening, a milk-woman called at Cat Fort Buttocks. She was greatly muffled up, and bad a stye on ber eye, A young English sol dier who happened to be on guard chal lenged her knock. She replied In Irish some thing that, in the mind of the man in arms, sounded like‘‘Brother Fenian.” This had a terrible effect on him. Ho communed with himself for a few moments. Meantime the woman knocked again, and be considered it advisable to look oCbcr through the port hole. He saw her; she was exactly the height of Stephens: she bad the same flabby nice, the some flowing locks, the same small hand, but Immensely Mg feel, with immense ly bigger shoes. He concluded that she was the celebrated Head Centre in disguise. Bat before placing her under arrest he was do*sr mined to test his conclusions by baring an Interview with her, and if her left cyo would wink while she was speaking to him—one of the unerring characteristics ol Mr. Stephens Icll optic whenever that gentleman was en gaged lu conversallon. The gale was opened and the milk-woman entered. Nosoonerhad she got Inside than she was In the manly grasp ofthe burly soldier- Hooddrcsicd her and she replied; lie watched her facq eager ly,•lml she was unconscious of what was going to hfppeti. lie was satisfied his rur inlses were correct; her left ere kept ‘.’pen lug iuhl shutting Incessantly while the Inter view lusted. The poor woman was shoved Into the guard-mom, and then the propnra- Mons for defending the flirt commenend. The fin'll worn aroused from their iinielnrte, nml the guard (old them what he had down. HonltloawUU drawn bayonets were nl Hip gimrd-room door l« provaul the escape of (lie male prisoner; the ramparls wore mounted, the portholessumnimh'd. nml the ordimueo properly poised, in the m«aw* tlino n mrsMUiuer was sent lo the command luff officer ol the head garrUon to apprise him of the arrest. As this Juclorn th« «»«*■• tuaucamo nut of the kitchen, and inquired what waalhomeanlugofalUUofnai. u»«m told that his comrade had captured fllephena, whom they .had salbly lodged in the guard- room. The messman took a peon at the great prize through the wt«dow. There be taw crying the poor woman who brought him bis supply or milk. He Indulged la an immoderate fit of laughter, and bad the puor woman liberated. It was then found that she was laboring Hum a stye on the left eye, and that that optic winked very frequently, while she spoke. This was bow Stephens was captured <*n Saturday. THE AIABAMA CLAIMS. Tho Question orArbltratlon-IXowauch a Diode of Settlement would Afleot Both Countries. (From tbs London Times. January B.] :;3Vo .have authority to state that in reply to a communication received from the Govern* menlof the]Dnltcd States; Her Majesty’s Mlnistcrat Washington has beea-lnstrnctcd to ascertain whether that Government is pro* pared to accept the principle of arbitration upon the Pending differences arising out of the late civil war, provided an agreement can be come to as to the points to which such arbitration should apply. . ti I 1 the J«ndoa limes. January 0.1 hearty eatlsfactloa that wc re cord the friendly overtures made by Her Ma jesty's Government to that of that of the United States. Lord Stanley, as we an nounced yesterday, has instructed tho Brit ish Minister at Washington to propose a resort to arbitration on tbo differences aris ing out ol tbe American war, and from tbo language in which thi* decision has been made public by the Foreign Office, we may infer that a recent communication from Mr. Sew ard paved the way for its adoption. It is now lor tho Government of tbo United Stales to say whether they will ac cede to the principle of arbitration, the precise terms and subjects ol which arc piopcrly reserved for subsequent dls cusmou. Upon tho latter point wo cannot anticipate thotony serious difficulty will bo found. Of course the depredations of the Alabama arc the real sources of dispute, and the great question for tho arbitrator will bo to what extent, If any. Great Britain is re sponsible, legally or morally, under circum stances to be duly set forth In the case, lor the consequences of her escape from the Money. The law officers of tho two coun tries, if they could meet for consultation, irot/W prvhilly neereil, tclthiu a otryfew houra , itt/ramihij a at at t mint jxr/tetly satu/actory to both. There is, indeed, no controversy about the lacts; tho controversy Is about the principles which should be applied to them. Hero the amplest discretion i should, upon every ground, ho loft to tho arbitrator. The object is not to obtain a Judicial determination of a legal doubt, but to bring about an equitable arrangement be tween two innocent parties, who being na tions and not individuals, have uo common superior. So loeg os the construction of oar I Foreign Enlistment Act was before the law I courts, it was inevitable that especial stress should be laid on the legal aspect of the claim preferred by tho United Slates ; when It once comes before the arbitrator. It is the moral aspect which should-predominate. Municipal tribunals are governed by prccc dent, even in matters involving national in terests, not because precedent Is a sounder guide than principles of justice, but rather because an adherence to precedent is the only saseguard against partial ity, and the only security for uniform ity of decision. This reason is manifestly Inapplicable to the adjudication of Interna tional differences by a sovereign power. Such a proceeding is more analogous to tho intervention ot a peace-maker between two friends who have disagreed than to any ordl nary litigation. The supreme end of a legal judgment is that it should be In strict con formity with the law; the supreme cod of international, as of private mediation, is to effect a which can be accepted on Loth sidrs with honor. Will Lord Stanley, however, be supported by public opinion in making a proposal all but identical with that which Lord Russell declined, and thereby Incurring the risk of a refusal from the United States? Wevcntnre

to believe that he will, and. further, that his moral courage lu taking a course repugnant to a false but plausible sentiment of national dignity will be re • warded by mu ceM. It should always be re membered that Lord Russell’s final reply to Mr. Adams was tbc conclusion of nu elabo- W. C. R. rale correspondence on our alleged liability lor injuries inliicted by tlio Alabama and her consorts. That correspondence was con ducted almost exclusively upon the narrow basis of an appeal to precedents, and as the harden ot prool lay upon Mr. Adams, Lord Russell possessed a great advantage, which he turned skilfully to account. There were very lew precedents relevant to the argu ment, but of these one ot the most recent and important, in which the United States had occupied the position of defendant, hap pened to be in our ihvor. Lord Russell, chiefly on tins case, has already com mitted himself to a denial of the American claim before it was ultimately presented in a practical shape, and Ills prompt rejection ofit in that shape followed almost by way of logical consequence. We do not Justify this part of Lord Russell's policy, nud we icgret the ungracious lan guage in which an unpalatable reply was conveyed. It would have been fur better to suggest a change in the form of the claim than to cut oil* all prospect of Us being en tertained In any form whatever. At the same time, Lord Russell’s error may bo part ly explained by the turn which the discus sion had taken, and partly excused by the peremptory lone of Mr. Adams’ remon strances. lint an error it was, ns wo have more than ouco pointed out, not only in ' )ulicy, but on principles of reason ami right. There arc, doubtless, some demands so mon strous that It would be impossible fur any nation to consent to arbitration upon them; hut when a Government on terms of amity with nur own com plains of having been aggrieved br our default, mid otters to submit its alleged grievance to orbltrntlon.lt is nosulllcicnt answer tosny that we cannot nllowa foreign sovereign to sit In judgment on our cuuduet. Wo have been putties to a declaration In favor of refetring International disputes to arbitration: wo have actually referred a Into dispute with a modi weaker power to arbi tration, and bowed to the arbitrator’s award, and we should certainly render arbitration to any Hale against which Great Britain had a cause ol complaint. Then why demur to atbitrnllon, when proposed by the United States, only because wo Imre implicit confi dence In the Justice of onr cause? We say again that Lord Unwell's unqualified rejection of Mr. Adams' lender was a Ihlsc step, and If a false step, that Lord Stanley was bound to retrace It without needless delay and without unwor thy reservations. There Is nothing half so nndlunlfU'd ns being in the wrong, nor was there any means of placing ns in the right except lit assuming the Initiative and invit ing the United Slates to meet ns half way. Whether (hey willdoso, and If so, In what spirit they will do so, remains to be seen- We can Lmdly expect Midi Mr. Howard will lose the opportunity of commenting on onr ehai'gc of altitude, or Mint some ol onr New Vorh eofempartes uhi fall to attribute Lord Hlafilef’s ptolfeted loln'esslnfi to base into lives. It will, perhaps, be said or Insinuated, hill with ah entire oblivt m of dales, Mini we piesimo d on the weakness of America In Mm day of her cnlutnliy, am) tnu-ktelu her when slieluta retitilimd herstfeimlh. Now. IfUiM rupfoai'lt wire ever so wtdi deserved, yy( It might md to deter na from aoMng npoo nur own i'fdivleitmm of duiv. It in, how ever, wholly undeserved, mid eapaidenl be ing middled by plain lueK Tim inmneni aeUietud by Mr. Howard for pressing Ida de mands np«>n Lord lluesdl was precisely (hat ot nldehthe Untied Htntea, triumphant hy sen and land, hud utterly crashed the In* hiirn etlon, Mill maintaining a vast army and navy on a war footing, and Indulging lopes ofa speedy reconstruction, whichcvpoiloneo baa since disappointed. If there ever was n time at which Great Britain had reason to fear a rupture with America, It was that very time when Lord Russell, in Its name, repudiated tho Alabama claims. But wo can not bring ourselves to dwell on this topic, nor can we sup pose that motives so petty and unstates- manlike will influence the counsels of the United Stales. Englishmen did not sus pect America of cowardice when. In defer ence to the dear rules of maritime law, she gave up the prisoners wrongfully captured on board the Trent, and Americans or sense will not suspect England of cowardice be cause, in deference to equally dear dictates ol international morality, she retires from an untenable position. The United States Gov ernment yielded then, although many per sons in this country predicted that national pride would be too strong fur them. It Is the turn of our Government to yield now, and, whether or not their motives be appre ciated, we have confidence in the result of their efforts to renew those friendly rdatioas with a kindred people which should never have been interrupted. Hie Last Testier of so Unhappy Na tionality. I St. Petersburg (Jan. 5) Telegram London Times.l Three ukases concerning Poland, and bcarlntr dale the liUh of December, have been issued today. The first Introduces the Russian system Into the financial adminis tration of Poland, and establishes a provi sional financial direction at Warsaw, under tiic control of the Finance Ministry at St. Petersburg. The delinlUyc constitution of this office as a permanent finance direction is reserved. The second ukase regulates the postal ad ministration of Poland and subordinates it to the Russian Ministry of Posts and Tele graphs. The third decree simplifies the general Polish administration. It orders that from the 13th of January Poland shall be divided into five Instead ol ten Provincial Govern ments and cUhty-flvo districts, and that offices for the payment of taxes shall be established on that day In the Governments and districts according to the now division ol the new kingdom. , ' It also grants flillcr powers to the Gover nors. and orders the formation of local bodies of guards. ‘ The sentences passed upon the Polish exiles who took partln the revolt at Slbcria.havlog been confirmed bv the Emperor, have been carried Into execution. Ufthc seven con demned lo death, four bad been shot and the remainder sent off to bo kept at hard labor together with those who were sentenced to the loiter punishment. Corporal punish raent has been remitted In all cases. The InvnUde Jitmf. commsutlog upon the ukasles relating to Poland Issued to day, lays that the object of these decrees Is the prac tical union and equalisation of the regula tions existing In Poland with those In force in Ru'slil. “Admlnlstrallvoosslmllntlon.’Mt adds, ••will enable the Government to ex tend to Poland ail the Improvements which have been Introduced In Russia." Prsprrsle Adventure ou also Ice* (From the RvmivtlUo (IWU Journal, January 91 ] Yrs(eida) 1 ofU’rtiomi n number of mnti were observed on the point of Hie bar on Hie Ken tuvU) side, opposite the Marine itosidlal, and mnnv n*eenl#ll(>ii« wi re indulged in ns towhsi it meant. Wearenblo lo clear up the Hosiery, whleh involves ono of thn most desperate adventures of modern limes, and leaves our eitirchi In a state of horrible mis pensu aa to the late of their friends. Yes terday afternoon K. C. Van Ulncr, John 11. Phemwcli, W. K. Avers. Tom Baras, Elijah Perkins, and five other men, mot at the Harry on the Kentucky lido, do airing to couto over to the city, and finally prevailed upon llio (ferryman, whoso name fa llaugy, to uiako tho attempt to cross. They took the skiff Horn the river at.the point of the bar, and hauled it by mules to ft point about a mile and: aNhalf above the city, where they embarked, otovan men in ill, at five .o’clock. Tbev fought their way Ibrovgb-Uxe heavy Ico until they reached the middle of-the river, being borne Quite rapidly down stream. r Thoy came in con tact with a field of ice some three acres In extent, which they found it impossible to flank. They drew the sklfTupnn the Ice and tiled to drag it across, hut were uhsucceaafhl. Rangy roodoa'rcco'nnoUancd, and came to the conclusion that they could cross on the floating ice, and proposed to tnske , the attempt. lie was followed by E. C. Van Riper, John Sbemwcll, W. R, Ayers and Tom Burns, but afler going a short dis tance Burns, teeing the desperateness of tho chances fbr getting across, turned back, de claring his purpose to stay with the skiff. The other four tried to induce him to follow In vain, and reluctantly left him behind. They then struck out, all keeping together, and Anally, after many narrow escapes, suc ceeded in their perilous Journey, and reached shore In safety below the dry dock, some four miles below tbo city. They followed down the shore to the bayou, shouting to the men they had left on' the Ice, and who seemed to be working tbolr way to tbo Kcntncky shore. The men who succeeded In crossing, reached the city about nine o'clock. They award great praise to the courage, coolness and sagacity of Baugy, the ferry man, to whose skill and courage they prob ably owe their lives. Perkins and some of the others had been running a saw mill somewhere on Green River, hud Shctnwcil, to whom wo are indebted for the above facts, did not know their names. The situa tion of the men left on the Icc Is a fearful one In such weather os this, as even if they slick to the skill they arc In danger of freez ing. We hope, however, they succeeded In reaching the shore in safety, and shall await fhrlhcr developments with painful anxiety. THE UNITED STATES AND CHINA. Tlio New Steamship Lino Between San Francisco and China—Grand Ban quet at Nan Francisco— Speeches by Chinese Rlrrrhnnts* Our correspondent at San Francisco sends ns by Ibo overland express, a copy of the San Francisco AUa California, of January 1, containing a lull report of the grand banquet given in tbnt city, on the 30th ult., in honor of the inauguration of direct steam commu nication between America and China. The banquet was given in tho Occidental hotel. Among those present—-numbering 300 of the most prominent oUJclals ami pri vate citizens of the city and State—wore tho following Chinese merchants: Cby l.ung and Sing Man, of Cby Lung * Co.; Fong Tang and (Juan Yuen, of Tong Yo A Co ; Chew tal, of Wing Wo Sana A Co.: Cee Tuck, of Tong Wo A Co.; Bin Chew, of wing SoougA to.; Tom Qnao, of Bong Yuen A Co.: Lai That, of Kook Own A to.; Vow bye. of Hop Beet A Co.; Cboy Cum Chew, of Pacific Sieaaumo Com par y, and I.ec bote, of Knon Own. Speeches were mode by Governor Low, General McDowell, Captain Eldrldge, A. A. Low, President of the Chamber ot Com merce of New York* Ex-Governor Stanford and others, and letters were read Horn Gen eral llalleck and Admiral Thatcher. In response to a toast to “The Chinese Merchants, of San Francisco,” Mr. Fung Tang responded as follows: On behalf of the Chinese mer chants aid citizens present, I desire to thank joo for the Imitations ne have received to be present on this occasion. We consider the opening np of a great steam line between California and China and Japar a very Important event. Wo hope it may prove to boot very great benefit to America aa well as to China, we, of China, arc very fond of trade amt commerce, so are the Americans; and wc Lope both countries may prdul t* v IV 'there are Gu.ooo Chinese on the Pacific'coast en *n fill kinds of business, many in mining and many engaged in hade and commerce. I came to California ten yearn a?o, anc have been engaged os a merchant all that time. I learned to reaaaid write English with the Itov. Mr. Spoor, formerly missionary In China and this city, for whom X have great respect. In mr business I havr a good many acquaintances among the first merchants and business men of san Francisco. They have always treated the Chinese merchants with great kindness, and I hope the intercourse Las been as agreeable to the American as it has been to Chinese merchants. Wc believe that the new steamship line to China and Japan, well es tablished, and the Pacific Ua'lroad completed. San FiaccVco most become one ot the greatest cities ot ihewoild. The groat pari of tbe trade of China with the East ought to come by San Frnncrco. The Bmiaiion of China and Japan Is very large, tbo-e countrbe produce a great many things vblch Europe and America desire, and America produces many things which ore needed in China ami Japan. We hope that friendship and peace may pre vail between America and China for all future time. Mr. Quuu Yuen aroscaftcr Fung Tang, and >akl: Gekiixiiek: I don't know what to say more than has already bo nemo on this subject. 1 learned English here, and have found it Indis pensable id my business. Borides. 1 now lake a cn at interest in many of the arts and sciences that hitherto have been to me a sealed hook. In mu sic, i have learned to sing "John Drown" and “Sweet Home," and to play them on the piano. In French and Herman X have got as far as: “Rom Jour, monsieur, com tntnt rout porfes rails t Comment ronf let at fcXrrtT (Good day. sir; how are yon? Uow'e business?] And “iffe qtftVt, mein Amt/ Wat giebt t* nevttT [How do yod do, sir? What Is there new!) Bat making spepOies is not my forte , and 1 hope yon will he satisfied wiib (be assor nnce ol u,y gratitude for the honor yon do me. 1 thank yon again and again, for myself and those With me, for your great kb onees. (?nm.KXEK: We thank yon for your Invitation to this grand bouquet, and wo rejoice with you to the accomplishment ol the grann even of which it is to honor. Wo have wa clioil nilb great In ert st the development, and now had with joy the nnueurailou, or this great enterprise, which will bring us into elorer communication with our native laud. Wo are exceedingly hippy to have so many kind friends among the merchants ana people gmorallr of this cilv. Hus pond frellrp Is cordially reciprocated, «ud (Is Intlucco ilrendy extends to China to the benefit of ibis country, and Is bound to Increase with these gieatur lacillUcs of intercourse. The ' m-scct friendly feellut: o( the CUnic<« Uuv»>mttv;r.l oward the United Sia'cs is undoubtedly to a pivot measure the result of tho mtnnsio com* mercinl rclnllons liclw. «o the two countries, Ihe chamber of Commerce of this city has done much to foster Ibis Intimate relsliondiln, and wo mustconivss ton groat respect fnrnulnslitu lot of such wlde-rpnnd influence. I'ho noble building now being rrenna for the Merchants' Exchange will be a fll'i’tp commoMary on (be tiboralllj ami taste ul Its founders, mid wHi bo ngi eat credit to lial Association o| which wo. too, aro permitted o be nirmi ers. Th*‘ p«!nhlMunei.t nr a free school ‘■>r tracking Uhintse the English Isngttago baa ircn die inenns i f educating those who can now tifiotMier iuMtuage wiib equal facility, ItimUn conb mtdnted to establish a school lor teaching the Chinese huictinte. A short Hum ago then* wore inrdlv nm Chinese who understood t v e Kudl«h nnenagf} but, thanks in your trnernsUr for tho fne srliool, n piest many buys ami young men now do the woik flirmrrly required of nlr rprelcrs. A number ot stores regularly take (bo dnth pallets, and unr prude me lima kept well In* finned ns to the news ol (be day. Thh «lrnffl<tlilu (•tie will brine fa this tlly,fioni China end tho Host Indies, a large trade with the Cubed (bales and Europe, H nl otherwise Would lake the u«usl lobe and circuitous rutiles ul Invel, , We fervent* j» hope fur the sncceas ol this sir nttt line Id Ciibin Mid JflpnUt Hhd wo prottiWe In mve It all the ns* slsimi'-fl in our power. We Inletni to show by our m is imiic thnb iiy uumvomK mu apprectnliun of (Ida Iddeipilse. slid wa I'mindenljy piedlcl M« rq (Ire sticrpasi APeMlie ruftiplrnun of (he Pastnc Ptttburnl Ul New Vwk Mid the teWgfibiU to Phbift, we cmkel lo see mm Eramdsflu beemne the gfeib esl city in (he mutd. NuMiim wlih Mu nor n*nlar*» 'llm* imillfM of Uretuilleld' Ohio, on lilol-lloh|i|iulUy lo ilia Heroines, [UUloboro (Ohio) Correapnr.donca (January SI)of llu Cincinnati Uazunv.j A trial, somewhat aemuUmtml In Its char acter, began hoio last week, and wasruaiunml this ullcruuon, In which a dozen nr more bulbs and nearly as many men, residents of Greenfield, in this county, arc the defend* ante. They ore charged with malicious do* htMictlmi of property, In having forcibly, but after due warning, deliberately and In open daylight, destroyed the lienor and the drinking paraphernalia owned and kepi by Wm. S. Linn, a druggist In that town, but who also sold liquors to be drank In his store. There arc two or three suits pending against the same defendants, brought by another druggist and one or two drinking saloon keepers. The result of this case will deter mine in the minds of the other aggrieved par ties whether it will pay to prosecute them. TUB DEFENDANTS IN COURT. The followicg Is a list of the defendants: Wm. W. Caluwell and Catharine Caldwell, his wife; Jane Mead, Francis W. McConnell ond Mary Jane McConnell, hla wife; Firman Pierson and Elizabeth Pierson, bis wife; Jas. P. Leake, Frank Wilson and Elizabeth Wil son, his wife? Robert Byram and Mary By ram, his wife; Elmira Devoss, Thomas De voss and Louisa Devoss, his wife; Tho?. H. Herdman and Anna Herdman, his wife; James Morrow, Hugh Beatty, Clayton Haines ard Martha Haines, bis wife; Eliza beth Bush, Andrew Rogers and Sallle J. Rogers, his wiie; Sue V. Briggs, Mary J, Irwin. Of the gentlemen named, Francis McCon ncl, Frank Wilson and Clayton Haines, are prosecuted as active participants; while the others are sued os being responsible for Inc conduct of their wives. We may remark that the defendants arc all from atpong the more respectable and prominent citizens ot Greenfield. In confirmation ol which, and to the credit of the good people of this town, we may add, that on their arrival here to stand their trials they found a committee of its most worthy citizens waiting at the depot to tender them the freedom of the place, or In otherwords. to escort them to comforta ble hoarding places In private families, where they might remain without expense. In the court-room, instead of criminals, or even mortvif, they present tho appearance of amazonian heroes. They occupy promi nent seats in company with doable their number of ladies, who participated la the liquor raid, but who have not been charged with them, and attract the wondering, per haps the admiring, gaze of the very large audiences, including many females, who assemble from day to day. PRESENT STATE OP THE SUIT. The alleged offence was committed on tho 10th of July, 1805. No arrests were made by the civil authorities, and the Grand Jury, when it met, declined to find a bill against the parties, cither for riot or the malicious destruction of property. Then the aggrieved liquor dealers brought suit fhr damages double the amonut they claimed bad been destroyed, as they were entitled lo do under the act of April nth, I&s7—Mr. Lina claim* log his damages to have been 81,000. The defendants filed an onswer Justifying their conduct on the alleged ground that tho plaintiff had been selling liquor contrary to low ; that his establishment had thereby become a nuisance, nud that they had only abated It as they bad in law a right to do. ilic court. In passing upon ibis answer, decided, ttmtthongb tho plaintiff ha I kept a house where lio bad habitually sold liquor in violation of law, no private citizen hud n right to abate the evil, The defence then amended their answer, mid claimed Unit Iho plaintiff was not un titled to double damages, because they Imd not been criminally convicted of the nmll clous destruction of property, timlerthe net above referred to To this defence the plain tiff demurred, mid the court Simla tied the demurrer, holding that U wasnotiioees<nry n criminal convlelUm should precede, In order to entitle a party Injuecd to recover double damages. ‘lho court, however, agreed to (Klinlf evidence tending to show that the plaintiff sold liquor at uU store In violation of the law ns affecting the plaiulUTi right to recover double damages. Tho theory of tho defence, therefore, oooms to bo, that balloting they were doing a nab i He good, and showing this to bo a faoti It cannot bo proved that they acted malicious* POLAND. REMARKS OF MR. Qt r AK VITEK. REMARKS or cnor CUM CIIKW. A NOV til* TillAlii It, according to the meaning or the lawi Oqe of the ladles, a young heroic miss by the name of 800 V. Briggs, persists in plead* iop gnlliy/but justifying herself in her good intentions.. testimony yon the pnoasctmoN*. The prosecution closed tneir testimony this afternoon, having established the fol lowing facts: 1. *Eat on the 10th day of July, 186 V, a num ber ofladlw called on ibe Mayor of Greenfield, ana aaked (he use of his office Dtilldlog tn which to store the liquor belonging to the liquor dealers In the town, which, they explained to him, they were going to demand, lie declined to allow it to golclo bis room, and told thorn tha* oa Uqnora were editor prod formas or beast, they better rcinm It to mother ear b. Tr>at in the afternoon a meeting nt ladles was held in the Free Presby terian Church, which was attended by about seventy females; that they adopted a resolution to Iks pnsenled to the dealers, viz.* “That the ladles of UrecLficld are determined to suppress the liquor traffic In their midst. We demand your lienors, and give yon fifteen minute* to comply with the request, or abide the consequences.” 3. That this body ot ladies, of whom the de> fci dauts composed a part, marched In procession to tht* drugstore of the plaintiff, eerroct on him the notice; that be refhaed to gtve up bis liquors; that they went actoss tha etreet and served the same notice on Messrs. Bern ft Newbeck, saloon keepets; hrose open fils doors and windows, rolleo out fiU barrels and kegs, tnruod one all tbs Uqnora be had, broke up Ida candy jars, and de stroyed bis stock la trade generally; that they then relumed to hlsstoie and did the eamc for him. Itwas further prut dihat the laoles m-xt went to the dreg store of Mr. Slagle, who had just opened with t-JOO worth of choice liquors; that he ofll-rcd no rcslitvuca; that tber promised to pay him tor his lose, and Incteaso bis patronage ns a druggist: that they emptied out his liquors, but that be hod seen nothing of compmsatlon; that 'hoy next wcntlo the drag stoie of ItoblfUion ft Norton, who agreed to. au<t did the next day, ship away all thelrliquon; that next they rictiioyed &U> worth at bad whiskey lor a saloon ktepur, James-Merits; that next they went to the shop of Mrs. U’oidenou*. at<d, after considerable search, found her only barrel of whiskey secreted tn brr parlor, unuor a table cloth. representing a ccitrc table, which they speedily emptied of Its contents: that thereupon their labors ceased. It was also shown that tho Marshal of tho town, F. F. Mark, hearing something of tho kind ahovo narrated was going to take place, hastened out of’he reach of any demand tor his services. Also, that thu Mayor, after seeing wbut bis counsel bad led to, read the riot act in tho hearing oflho exasperated ladles. PROVOCATION* Op THE LADIES. It was not shown by the prosecution, how. ever, what thu ladies claim, that they had not premeditated the destruction of any liquor; but.tlmt when they demanded Hern ANenrbcck to give up their llouors. and they refused, an old and respectable lady, Mrs. Blackburn, exclaim'd, "Here Is thu place where my son was killed by some fel low in a drunken row, a year ago,” and be gan tbe attack. The two slaters of the mur dered boy were also present, and the vio lence soon became general. The plaintiff was shrewd enough, with the aid of his lawyers, not to include the injured Mrs. Blackburn or her daughters among those he sued, although they arc as able to par damages as others; and the same may be said of several old and very highly esteemed ladies. COURSE OP THE DEFENCE. The counsel for the defence, while, per bars, tacitly admitting the violation of law, will prove extenuating circumstances, and disparage the claims ol the plaintllf. For instance, he claims SI,OOO as the amount of bis liquors destroyed, but it will be shown that In May, immediately preceding tbo af fair. be returned bis whole business, drugs and all. as only worth STSO, and that in the May following, he returned the whole bnsi ness at $1,000; while one of his own wit* nesses testified that the proportionate value of liquors to drugs, etc., in such stores, is only occ-tcnth, and another that it Is one* third; which facts would reduce his lo:s eery materially. The jury is said to be composed of temper ate and moral men, and their verdict will be looked for with great interest. „ A SINGULAR CASE. Extraordinary Family Lawioli. The Paris correspondent of the London Tintfa has the following account of u curious case in a French law court: *‘A very cxtiaordlnary family lawsuit concerning the custody of two young ladies, need respectively twenty and seventeen, oc cupied one of the Paris courts last week. The plaintiff, M. Caisson, a gentleman of property, living in the Rue St. Honor©, Is the father of the minors in question by a first wife, who died many years ago. it. Caisson has several children by a second marriage. Immediately alter the death ot his first wife ho placed his two children, then infants of tender years, under the care of bis mother-ln inw, the defendant, a widow. This lady he came passionately attached to the girls, took the utmost cure of their education, treated them in all respects as her adopted children, relieved the father of all expenses for their maintenance, and made no secret of her in tention *.o leave them the whole of her very large fortune. Under these apparently most happy circumstances, the almost harmony prevailed between M. Caisson and the moth er of the first wile; be was able to devote himself to his new family with the knowl edge that his cider children were in the hands of n tender, judicious and wealthy relation whose greatest object In life was their wel fare. •* But a few mbuths ago it happened that the eldest Milo. Caisson fell in love—a most improper tiling fur any young lady to do ac cording to French notions. The rule ofgood French society is that a girl natlt married is never to speak to any man unless In the presence of their parents or guardians, ami then only in monosyllables. A woil-brcd French girl knows I hat she is one day to he monied, and looks forward to the event with pleasure, ns one w hich will giro her an oppor tunity of making many old schoolfellows Jealous by the display oflicr Ttounsr.tu. Cut sho Is supposed to have no preference on the subject. Une day her father comes to her, and says "My love, I have found a hus band for you I" To w hich she replies, klssln; her father on the forehead, " Sitrcl mon /we. “Who Is in"’ lie gives the name, mentions a proximate day for the wedding, ami Hum the young lady cumulls with her mother about the wedding outfit. These well-known rules wore not regarded In the ease of Mile. Hudson's attachment. Yes!—she absolutely formed on attachment, and her rich grand mother, who brought her up and was pre pared to do everything requisite, humanely sktnklng, to make her fuluru lliu happy, was I rlvv 1011. ‘‘The object of her attachment Is an army surgeon, n man of merit, both personally amt through his foregoers. His Hither was a distinguished general olllecr, and lie himself waits upon his breast a constellation of medals and decorations attesting his good services, Cut his only fortune is his com mission, Mul oh tins sole ground M. Caisson, when tuloriUMil of the engag'diu-nt by his mulhciintaw, peremptorily declared that the urmy surgeon was no ill mulch fur ids daughter. Thu father, who had been content to uetegntu to her gntlnltnulhcr tin l eh* itre rate of his daughter Rom her earliest Ibliimy, ciiinu fiihuml fcwiliHHy to eu«h ulso Mil* fIi'MI pufetttul ntiDiohty wlileli itiu law gives him monies to prevent Mm nmi 1 * until' of it tili'l hliihml of age with Mm until of lt« f vtmhMs mw\ who Imfi imr wlih Mil* I'l MlO Ft'ldlliHl Who stood i'l l„,v umiith, n»'il lout liovii throughout life Im’l’i»e<il IrU’Uil. "M, DhUmui went (0 hta UHilliQr>ln-),i\v'B hmum, euw hi* t>*ht her ilm ho would iwv»r fitvo ht« voUfenin to Mm mar» Mh«o{ nod moreover, Hmt ho would m> longer allow hot to live with her «raml» mother, unit that tho must come away with him directly. Thu young lady. In obedience to this parental command, packed op her trunk and got Into hor lather's* carriage, which was in waiting. But tho carrlace had only gone a low yards when she suddenly opined tho door, at tho risk of breaking hor neck, jumped out Into the street, and ran buck lo her grandmother's. M. Batason thought It undesirable to make a scene by attempting then and there to bring his dnughlcraway by force, lie contented him self by saying that be was indexible, and she woulu bear from him In a few days. When next be went to the house be was Informed that the whole lamlly bad gone away, and bad left no address. “M. BaUson went over almost all Europe In search of bis daughter. 11c inquired at ail the German watenng.placcs and at every town in Belgium, but without any result. At length be bit upon the expedient of send* log a money letter to the grandmother at her old address in Paris, and be learned through the post olfice, that this letter was delivered to the very army surgeon whoso pretensions to his eldest daughter's hand loimed the casus belli. He afterwards found that the two girls were concealed under Ciise names In a Catholic convent in Glasgow. Thereupon he brought action against his mother-in-law, requiring her to bring back the girls to France and hand them over to his custody. The Tribunal of First In stance made a decree In his favor, and order ed the yonng ladies' grandmother to pay one thousand francs a day for two months unless the girls were restored to their father. She, thinking that the penalty of this decree would be the worst or the matter, let the two months expire, and actually paid the large sum ofsixty thousand francs into conrt —a sum that she was prepared to sacrifice rather than to surrender the girls to their obdurate father. But then he brought a farther action, laying damages at a million of francs. *• M. Dcsmarcst,' the lady's counsel, told her that the law was altogether on the father's side, and that if she did not give the children up he might go on bringing actions until he utterly mined her. Acting noon M. Dcsmareel’s advice, the grandmother has now brought the yonng ladies back from Glasgow. The father has gained his point, they are now In his custody. The only question ultimately before the court was, what damage she should pay to the father for interfering with bis authority. The sum, after his counsel, M. Jalcs Favre, hod bedn heard, was fixed at 5 000 francs and the bal ance of the 00.000 froncs interest is to be re funded to the lady. As matters now stand Mile. Caisson cannot many In France till twenty-five, without her father’s consent, bat iu a few months she will bo twenty-one, and then he will have no legal right to pre vent her from Bring where she pleases. A TEBBIBLE FAMINE. One million Deaths from Starvation In Eastern India, (From Iho Friend of India, November^,] Mr. Rnvcn*haw, Cotnmlsslotier of Orissa, has scut the Bengal Government a report of thclbrnfcciu that Province. Never lias so heartrending o picture been drowu. An of llclal whoso bias, if it oxlsls, must lead him to tone down the uorrlb.o fuels, estimates the toss ofllie Hum want of food and Its conse quences, at Horn 600,1KK) to 000,000, aud la some places at three fourths oi the whole pontil.illon. This Is among the four and a half millions of Orissa atone, where the ofll* clul reports show the deaths to bo still going mi nt the rate of 160 per day. The mor lallly wnsnul less severe proportionally In dm adjoining district of Midtmpore, with Its population of more than hair a million. In OiinUni, with nearly it mil lion ol people, the calamity wa« oomp.ira lively light, but famine, dUuaio and debility swept away thousands. The same Is true of L'hnla Nugporu. Wo have a reliable record of the deaths of paupers Ham (limine strick en districts In Calcutta. Add to nil thesa the mortality In thu other districts of Bengal from Bauuor Island to Patna and the borders of Nepaul, aud we have a record of the loss of lifts which exceeds In horror and oktont that of any one of iho six great droughts ol India during the put century. Before tho angel takes its final flight the tale will hare mounted up beyond a mlllicm known deaths. This u worse than In the gnat famine which carried off 800,000 peo olo - from the Northwestern Doab In 1633. We have reason to believe that the most ter* •l&le of all recorded afflictions of this kind, that of 1770 was not more ruthless in its mnroeroua work than this whichatilidemands itsdally holocaust. For the gn ater part of that million of deaths has occurred not over a wide extent ot territory, nor amors millions of people. bat within an area not larger than that of England and Wales, and among a people who do nut ex* cccd six millions In number. No plague, no blackdcatb.no yellow fever, no great phy sical convulsion, like the most tremendous earthquake on record, baa engulfed so many victims. Tbe last famine, of which Baird Smith was the alleviator and historian, car> ried off half a million, or only a twenty-sixth of the thirteen millions affected, and tbe starvation prices ot food was never higher than seven and one-half seers the rupee. This, ere It closes, will hare swallowed up a sixth of the people, among whom rice some times was not to be bad at all, and for many alotg month not lower than six seers the rupee. AST, LOUIS DIYOBCE. Amonra of a Poetess And a Criminal Lawyer—Rhyme, Crime and Hymn Culling—Personnel of the Parties. [From the St. Louis Democrat, January 31.] For eomo weeks wo have been cognizant of the fact that a divorce suit was pending In Judge Moody’s Court, in which a popular poetess and a criminal lawyer were charged with a crime not punishable by the statutes of Missouri. It Ims been repcntcdlv decided incur courts that the crime of adultery is not punishable under our laws, unless It c-m be proven to be ” open a» d notorious.” It Is also reported in legal circles that tho law was so formed because the lawyer who wrote it would have been himeeiniable to prosecu tion hut for that saving qualification, “ open and notorious.” Wo refrained from publishing tho facts In this divorce suit, in tho hope that the parties might become reconciled, and thus avoid a public scandal. Wc regret that the name of ” EUa EUwood,” a local poetess of consider able talent, has been brought Into the case, and would say In her behalf that tbe charge against her reputation remains to be proved, and the public should cot condemn her upon the bare statement of an Injured, perhaps a jealous woman. The following are the alle gations of the plaintiff and the answer of bis wife: “Joseph W. Mitchell complains against bU wife, Vary A. Mitchell, and demands a divorce, i lie states that lie was married November S 3, 13.'.’, I in Hock Island Conntv. Illinois, Since August, I 1662. be cbaigcs that his wile bai absented her* self worn bun. “The atawer or the wife charges her ha-band with being exacting, and not rcspectlnghls wife’s feelings acd righ'a. She denies having absented herself without cause, She charges that in July or August. ISC3, the plaintiff was false to his mar riage vows, having criminal Intercourse with a woman named Palmer, in Muscatine, lowa, which nom Its consequences compelled a separation be tween the plaintiff and defendant. That on hts penitence this defendant pardoned her husband, and they lived together again. “In 1827 they removed to Bloomfield, Stoddard Conntv, Mlesonrl.whcrc they lived tolcrablv hipp? until the breaking out of the war, in lsdl,whentuo plaintiff joined tbe United states Army, F<om this Ume to the battle of Shiloh tbe remained at home, when she Joined biro, eha*tng tbe dangers and fortunes of her husband until the lall of Vicks bnnr, when her husband advised tier to leave him. saying tbe attentions she required were too mn-U lorlim witii his military dntic.-, acd reared he should becensuted it she continued with him. At this time bo was on the sialtof General Uecd. She asye she left her husband feeling that she Lad been repulsed, and without any other means of support than her own talents, strength and In dustry : and she has ever since taker, care of her eclt by teaching school, kceptnga boarding house, &c. Her bnsbtmd frequently came to sec her, wouldetay a ebon time, and then return to Vicks burg. “In July, ISfiS, this plaintiff swears that she found, to her great moriiflcaiton and sorrow, that her husband was carrying on a clandestine corrcs poi.dspco w i'h a woman named Elie , i Slade, alias tPa KUwood, alias Nellie KUwood. In August, ISOS, the plaitiUtL without explanation to de ferdanUnud without inviting her to come with him. came to St. Louis and commenced t"e prac tice of law—ln fact deserting this defendant for the womaoStade, alias KUwood. “The defendant has recently ascertained that. In ISG4 or 18* 5, In the city of Cairo, her husband bad criminal intercourse with the raid Ella KU wood, which has since been kept nn continuously it. this city; that since the knowledge of thu-e acts of adultery ibis defendant has refused to live with her husband, acknowledge him os such, or forgive Mm for the offences: wherefore she prays for a divorce.” ilUcbcll is one of oar most industrious criminal lawyers, his practice being confined principally to the Police Court and tbe Court of Criminal Correction. He was up before Judge Wolff, several months ago,on a charge of forgery, but it appears that the charge crew out of some dlflicnlty with bis wife’s family, nnd the matter wassettlcd. Ills ap pearance )s not such as would be likely to set tbe heart of a Sapphic poetess on tire; but “there is no disputing abont tastes," nnd U may be that the eyes that were wont tobc “Ina fine frenzy rolling" may have discovered Irresistible attractions In the bald crown, small eyes, and long, black whiskers of tbe lawyer, that common mor tals could not discover. So far as the whis kers arc concerned, wc arc disposed to think they formed tbe grace that entrapped the susceptible heart of the poetess, and caused her to exclaim : “Soimwfnl, sinful and lonely, Poor ar.d dceni-rd though you be, All aionolhli'K, if only You turn nom the tempter to me." Of “Ella KUwood" wo Know very little, nnd do not desire to prejudice the pubiic against her. Shu is sold to buborder lug on middle age. by no menu* beau tiful, but of a very affectionate disposition- As a writer for tbe press abu Ime produced sonic passable poetry, and some bad prose. Her that productions tinder the signature of “Ella KUwood" appeared in the defunct- J'rrss about two years ago. In ilia same paper she bad a standing udvcrttsenicntso- Ilcillng custom as u writer of letters, poems, csfuys, etc., and wc have understood tbit a certain vain young literary aspirant patron ized her to a cotihldcnihlu extent, nnd pas**>d as his own the writings lie bad purchased of Iter. 01 late she lias been a contributor to the S'milan IlrjwhHa in, and has written some very moral ami pious verses for that napur. Whether her poetry expresses the sentiments ofber heart wu cun nut say, lint are disposed to dlsetedit the allegations In',ho nllhUrlt published above. Let us nut he 100 hasty In condemning her upon such testimony. Other papers ami letters on the ease, not yet made public, tell it stronger story or Ini propriety limit tbe answer ot the liiitlrod wile. One of these, written la tint sptdor-nch chlr ngrnphy of the poetess, referring to it proposed meeting al Cbicluicitl. Is eoilebcd not In poetry, but in prose of the most im* proper and disgusting elm racier—hr hi cl such us no true wumati, with a woman’s UrsllneU, would hate written to nuv person of the op. posito sex, even to her husband, ills cn* lirely unfit n»r publication, Hotel registers of this city—the lie tfulo, I'fcscolt, nnd olliers=eonlntll the mime* of then* parties, and “eye.wUnepses** or seeing nnd wonders nre spiiugthg upalmuel as thick ns the blades uf grass in tpMinfi true tenor acknowledge* ft receipt, on the part of Ella, of a draft hr Jiif.ii and Q (i.. cull* Mllclieil “My »<»» dear precious ono,“ 01 course we do not propose to take sides In advance nf a judicial examination! but com t records are certainly public property, and U is no breach of propriety to make Umm public, U 1« passing strange how, even In this ago of deception, a woman could act so bason [•ail ao Elm KUwood la charged with, and up he same time write aiieh intunsuty moral poetry a« the following i “ Help us, O Clod I our Uvea are brief; Fata would we lift oar hea> U from :arlb, \\ here tadnes* tread* too cloie on mirth, Ana fur each Joy there lark* a grift, “Help os, la Thee we pat our trust; As blossoms wither aud decay. Our loved ones rasa tram <arth away; Ala* I ail mortal* arc but dust. *••• • « • ** 0 God, forgive ns. Thoo dost know liow ei>oiuf ate ties of human love; 1 hon only from 1 by throne above Can&i soquu the depths ot human woe. • ••*••* “Give us Thy strength life's storms to meet. And purge cor souls from cv’ry sin, Ibal Heaven’s relnce we may win. And these the lost amUovcd ones greet. “ Help ns. oh God J Wo own Thy sway. And guided by Faith's shining star. Catch glimpses of a realm afar Whose riistifuJ joys endure for aye." The case has created much excitement in literary and legal circles, and will involve many of our leading citizens os witnesses in the cose before its termination. Mr. Mitchell appears os counsel In person, and Mrs. Mitchell is represented by Luther M. SUreve and Messrs. Glover & Sheplcy. tTestem Post OUlce Changes. The Postmaster General has made the fol lowing changes In Western Postmasters since the 17th Instant: Ohio —Tenual College, Franklin County, A. Wright, ciceiliß.W. T. Case;resigned; Shtrifds ville, Carroll Count/, J. J. Pearce, ric# L. M. Bar tick, resigned; Colrnieville, Bader County, ij. R. Donnell. etc# P. Curie, | resigned; PoweusvHle, t?clota County, J. bkelton. vice H. C. Emery, re sumed ; Samantha, Highland County, C. B. Broun, nee P. SI. Gurus, resigned: Appleton, Licking County, J. Smith, nee M. b. Scarbrou 1 . h, retJgi.ed; 'Waterloo. Lawrence County, J- Sbcmt, r!«d. T.lmr, reeKned. _ JCaniat— Banner, Jackson County, O. Haas, tics D. J. Parka, resigned. _ . Jfinn#«<ga—Homer,Wluoaa County, S. A- Ai ling. i4w J. IL King, resigned; Minnesota Lake, Fa»lbJ»l County, 9. P. Barnes, vice K- D. War un. resigned; loung America, Carver County, J.Slocum, Jr.,r»ci*LTb. Bralnr, removed; Fair Point, Goodbne County, W. Eastman, nee A~ D. Williams, re-lgncd; Badcs, Gooohue County, S. Water, rice J.T. Leet, resigned; Austin. Slower County, L. A. Sherwood, vice J. C. Smith, re -B^w«a—Karrath, Bosifolues County, F. Hamil ton r 4ce W. C. Grier, resigned; Wardora, Fayette County. J. N. Hageraan, vice H. E. Matscl, re sloped: Bear Grove, Guthrie County, B. S. Prior, nc* s. w. rbillips. resigned; St. John, ilarrison Conoty. 5. hi. Justice, tic# W. C, Ellis, resigned; Abingdon, Jefferson Count/, B. B. Burris, net O. J. Sperry, resigned; Ambb. Johnson Comity. J. Francisco, ric*U. N. Shalt moved away; Ber tram, Linn County, IL M. Knowles, elc# M. W. Campbell. mijmeo* Western College, Liuu Connir. w. P. Henderson,tic# J. L. Perry, resign ed; Dablomego. Wapello County, M. hi. Laos, Jr., tic# Lydia Norris, declined; Charleston, Lee County. I*. M Lewiston, vice A. Ball, resigned. Indiana— Union City, Randolph County, T. Me- Klne. tfcsV. Thompson, removed; Qurcnrvlll#, Jennings County, E. L. Parker, nee J. Doll, re signed ; Fillmore, Putnam County, T. J. Sldoons, tic# J. A. Dicks, resigned; Bumner. llit»h Coun ty. A. 9" nlu, rlc# D. F. Folger, removed; Yankee town, Warrick County, D. Hartley, rlcsT. J. C. Glass, resigned*. Otovclown, tUatk County, M. Hmltb, rice K. Hatnpsoo, deceased; Hpcarvlilo, Brown loamy,W. Crabb, tic#J. Hutchinson, re alm ed. iriscgniln-OUsnab, TaPoltilo County,K. Lolhy, rlcsj, W. Wbrolcr, resigned; Jameslowa, Grant County, W. Anderson, tic# J. Cullman, removed. Awfltl Traced/ 111 ITlnlito, (Lewiston (Me.) Dispatch. (January 81),to the Now York Tribune. | An awful tragedy hai been enacted In Auburu, this Bute, during the past week. Two old ladles, named Kinsley and Caswell, respectively DO and *0 years of ago, were found minuend In their own house, about two miles Horn town, at a placo called Yuimu'a Comer. It Is supposed ilia deoil wai committed either on tVoduomhvy or Thursday night, during thu storm. Tho two ladles lived olonu In thu house, ami wore em ployed In blading shoos lor tho firm of Keith, Horry A Co. of Auburn. Owing lo thuilurm, noouuhud entered tho house fbrthnioor (bur dais. On Saturday night Mr. Eulth wont lo tho huuio and found thu body of Mrs. Caswell tilng In a pool of blood across thu threshold between Ore sitting room aud kllohca, aud tho younger oos, Mrs. KUuloy, •lyingln bed. Testeidav a coroner’s laqnort was held ? and; the bodies examined. • 1$ Is evident tbe mnidirr’a motive was npe,aa there were marks' of a violent straggle on tbo body of Mis. Kinsley. A sum of moaoy la Government-bonds was found la the room untouched. A man by the came of Johnson has been arrested on suspicion and is bow in Auburn jail.' THE AZTEC CHUDEEJT. ( Xlielr UfaiTlage In London. (From Hu(London Dally News, January 9.) The London public will perhaps remember two extraordinary children, whrvsome four teen years since were exhibited tinder the auspices of Hr. Anderson, known as the Wiz zard of the North, and who were then de scribed as being specimens of an ancient In dian race that still survived among the ruined cities of Central America,' The story then told was that one of those cities, “Ixa xnaya, still remained intact, but was so jealously gua»dcd by Its Inhabitants, that it was almost impossible for snv stranger to approach It. A Spaniard named Velasquez, however, vestured within ihe lines, audit preet risk of life end limb, bore off Uraehtl dren, to whom ho gave Spanish Christian and surnames. Hcbroughth r aprlzcto.Scw Vork. when he banded them over to Mr. Morris, who has been their proprietor ami guardian ever since. Go the occasion of their first ex hibition in England, Mr. Morris, being too much occupied to come over himself, entrust ed them to Professor Anderson. who repre sented them tu be brother and sister—a stale, meut which it Is cow understood was en tirely without foundation. These children excited a great deal of curiosity and much dibcursion amongst the learned in ethnology, but no one ventured to giro a decided opin ion a< to whether, as was asserted 'for them, they might bo accepted as specimens ot an ouclml toco, or whether they were merely abortive births, such as occasionally happen In every country. Since then Mr. Morris has himself travelled with bis Interesting little charges through most or the great cities of Europe and America, and shows approv* lug testimonials Irom persons or the highest distinction in ■ more than one continental city.. In St. Peters burg especially the Aztecs attracted extra ordinary notice, and received written testi mony to that effect from members of the im perial family. Everywhere the same discus- • biuns were raised among the savaus as to their oiigiu and race, and everywhere with the some inconclusive results. What they arc, whether accidental births, or the lust remnants of some ancient amt sacred nice which for ages have been preserved by the priests of Central America to serve os a sort of living Idols for their worship, still remains a mystery—a 'filch of course will only serve lo heightens he curlositv of tbe English public should 3-r. Morris deter mine upon exhibiting them In Loudon. So far as wc could learn he bos brought them over for the purpose of having them* joined In bo’.y. wcdlccKjthey being both of marriageable age,., and accordingly the legal ceremony was per- I formed yesterday morning, by the registrar, in the vestry room of St. George's. Hanover i Square. In order to give all proper t dul to the wedding, the preparation of the bride’s frcujsrau was entrusted lo the bouse of Howell & James, in Regent strode. The dress was- of the richest white satin, trim med with the costliest of lace, and the jewels of tbe purest water. The little lady seemed to be abolutcly enchanted with her • sparkling necklace, her solitaire ear-rings, and her bracelets of emeralds and brilliants. We were informed that this trousseau cost close upon £I,OOO, and, considering Its com pleteness, wc should be reluctant to mo [ nounce .It dear at the money. The bridegroom wore plain evening dress, ■ but was most demonstrative in his examination, and exhibition ora splendid gold watch with which Re hud been presented for the interesting occasion. During the ceremony- he deported ; hlra<elf most judiciously,fora bridegroom, examined the certmcaie watch the registrar handed to him at its conclusion. most carefully, and then, with.mucb Itnpre&lvene**. nresouted • the bride with her “marriage lines.** They arc both much grown since their last visit to this country, hut still tar below, either in stature or bulk, anything else that we have ever seen in the shape of either savage or civilized humanity. Their heads arc not bigger than would be that of an English child of u month old, and their figures are. In proportion. .The lemalc Is* well formed, and has a not unplcasing countenance, bnt the man is a most extraordinary looking individual. The type of countenance in boUv Is decidedly antique, but whether As syrian, Egyptian, or Central American, we must leave to Proicssor Owen and the An- » thropologioal Society to deride. There nev er was anything tike them exhibited in Lou don except themselves on the occasion of their tirst visit, and whatever attraction they then offered for the curious, must be in creased tenfold vow when they present tluir.Mdvos under such altered circum stances. and in'complete and full maturity. After the marriage ceremony, the bride, bridegroom, and a party ot their *rlvmls, adjourned to Willis* Looms, King street, St. James’, for the.wedding breakfast, when some appropriate speeches were made, and alt sorts ol good wishes were expressed for the Interesting couple. A STRANGE STORY. Suicide of Count dilcartl In ParU< [From the Fall Mall Rszetic.] The Furls papers chronicle the death of one who was for some years notorious in a particular section of Parisian society. At break of day following the last opera hut marque a strange looking Hgnre wm seen to loin lor a moment nr two over the parapet of (he Pout des Arts ami then to hnuo Into I he river. A Oshcrnnin who witnessed IhulneU dent, alter lomr searching, brought the body to thosurfiieu o( the water. Enveloped as It was Irom head to foul In a long hairy cover ing, it si niuil at llrst right to be tm ape, but i wuh iuon iceogtdr.eU as a human bring. At tempt* wne nuide to restmc animation, (ml in vain. In mm of the pockets of the un known the loltmvlnc letter .«iis Ibund, which help) il to dear (In the mystery : “lib useless to attempt to identify me. I am It e descendant of a noble family whom my foilivs imvo dishonored. All mv patri mony Is dissipated, ami I prefer siiudde to misery. To limse who nlTlno that il Is m.nes enry It* b» bravo t« hiii ononvif, I reply ilmt iibslnthc gives courage, lam drunk; ills thus that 1 ought to die. 1 have been nor vnmed 'L’auuldtunuF ini mo b*' burled mnlnr this mnne. Jiluy my diutli serve tin uu et ample to youllu CAtiorcmH'r.'* • fnoiilejiniu. says the Furls papois, was the old I'nillil Clntard of inJdern tHibllu bills. Ills teputalhvh extended from the Lbub'an Itotigc to Miildtto, ttlid from Uieoiiciho to the ot ntn. Theft* was ntwots u crowd to see him dance, am) I iw-ns eerldnlt uu extutor dlimty pdfoMHnhee< In appeahibee he was far irom ifppnpFpiialng i he ( ad a couno, hrmuldtuiMng (uec, puib'd and idmpbd by di bsiichery \ Ills dull tu*lft>b*» eves had au oUimis her, iiPd Lis swollen, HckeM- ti-mw also told the tale of'eveem*. ilia dull and listless as tm seemed In the intervals or Mm duliee, the inuste tio sooner «imp«U tip Umu a sort oniiPVtcduedloselfuldm. D«writimd m and houmhd liken madman, in a qnadnlta Ids step* were no many t'onvnUbm*; ii.om ofllmtilownNof Dmconht duf.- rale th«lf ItmhN atierDm iU«ii|on nCt-** one [n the ttgurtiof **v«v«Ut»p l(«* had h nmihnd oi>linrtanlner hiin«u'lt, of ilatt-oniu' humnlf, ornaianeii'g mniNoif rm Ins hip?, of hounding about n In ijm»lmutin x wiiu*h thrDM Mm wild Bohemians, among wio-oi ha danced with vntlouia&m mid cuvv. Thu liirwou U prohibited by the austere morality ot Europe, but rm ctml managed to intruiiueu snatches of It In dedunce of the police. AUoi'ctliur this old Irntfoon—old, at lenai, In looks, wit ii his bald head and pimpled face, his iiuu/.icd j conlorlloua, bis horrid drunken leer, and lewd pestnres—was one of the arid most oL-gustlng spectacles that Farisdui to Oder. This year Caoutchouc was at the head of the orgies of the masked hulls of the opera, where bo excelled himself so his admirer* said. In the wild eccentricities of the qua drille. On Saturday, the 22d* disguised us an onrarg-outang, he exhibited before the crowds in the theatre of the Rne Lcpstlctier the marvellous elasticity of his body, lie leaped on the shoulders of his companions, springing from one to the other with all the case and more than the raLchicvouiHf«s of the Brazilian ape. At 5 o’clock iutae morn- 4 ing he was dead. On leaving the opera Caoutchouc declined to sup with a band ot maskers. After drink ing live glasses of absinthe So a cafe on the Boulevards, he betook himscll to the Pout des Arts, which he scaled to perform his last pirouette. Ad OporaSlnger JiepeacingaPart Two Hundred and Seventy-inree Times. A St. Petersburg correspondent writes to the London Herald. u The 9th of December Is a memorable day In the annals of the Rus sian theatre. It was on that day thirty years ago that Clink's popular opera of 4 A Life for the Tear'* was played for the first time. • FetrofTsang the part of Soossanine when the piece was originally produced. He has not once failed to appear m it since, and he re peated the port for the two hundred and seventy-third time fur his benefit on Sunday. The anniversary was a real triumph for the ■singer. His admirers presented him with a splendid silver enp and salver, sur rounded with a wreath of laurel, and the Grand Dnchess Helen sent Mm the diploma of honorary member of the St. Pe tersburg Conservatory. This opera is found ed on an episode In the Polish wars, in the reign of MichalT Fedorovitch, the fi.-st sover eign of the Romanoff dynasty. The Czar bos 9 met reverses, o'nd to give him time to escape from the enemy, Ivan Soossanloe, a simple peasant, gains the confidence of the Poles by pretending to act ns a spy, and under the pretext oipalting them on the traces of the Czar, leads thejn Into the depths of the for est. ‘When he has gained his object be avows Ms treachery, and is murdered on the spot. By a singular coincidence, Soosanine, who saved the first Romanoff, was, like K«*mmis saroff, who saved the life of tho present peror, a native of the province Kostroma. This truly national opera is played on all great festivals, and 11 never falls to attract a lull house. Tuo music from first to last is of a purely Russian character." Tlie Inlaml or Women, An English paper publishes the following: “in 1848, with three othei yoapgsubs of my regiment. I paid a visit to the Island of Scrodah, which tre had ollen heard of. but wercrlncUucd to believe a myth. We started Horn Ooa with our servants and aU sorts of stores in a largo boat, and hating cleared Hie harbor sailed south lor a short way, and then ran up unarm of the sea (evidently a river) all day, and about sundown arrived at tuto rial}. The village Is about u mite from the landing place, and Is beautifully situated nr u grove of I'ucoanntsand plantains. There wore over HX) womou there ut tbu time, and ootv two old fellows, who beat the tomtoms, *1 h*» , women weru the handsomest we had < v> r seem and their Hitr complexion, and In mi raica bine eyes, bclraud Ibtlr baroutauu Their Jewels, Ifreal. which probably they were, were mttgnlllconl. We law (ho Ba/aduri’ In nil stages, from the Infant lenndmt U* •(CP#, to Hie withered old hug retired bom business. The Island seems to be tin* iml* viTsltr of dancing girl*, and they are s"eui* lomed In g‘> 1)11 circuit, occasionally return* Ing to spend the hat weather in their lovely island. They uut largo presents from and those ■wells, and 1 should think 9u is dah would be a capital place fbr 'lnoi.' my throe companions two now 110 burled near Lucknow, killed in action | the thlrdf only reached England to die; and the fourth HyourobeJlcut servant.”