Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 26, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 26, 1867 Page 2
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(El)icaga &ribmtc. DAILYj TBI-WEEKLY AKD WEEKLY. • OFFICE. Ko-OI CIjAKH»S*T, Tlje« arc taree edition* of tbe Tmaux* issued. Ist. rerr moraine, for ctrcnlaron or earner*. newsmen onathemaU*. w.TbeTM-wx*sLT, Monday*, Wed nesday* sad Friday*. for the malls only; ted tbe Wrin.T. oc TtmrwUT*. for tbe mail* and sale at onr counter and nr newunro. Terms «f tbe Chicago Tribune t Dsuy delivered m tee aty (»er veec) *S 23 «• •• *• ■ (per quarter).... 3.23 o^lir, to man subscribers (per annum, pay*. - bVln’adrsacef.. ; 12.00 rri.Weekly.7per sscnm, payabltla advance) «J)0 Weekly. <t*r «nnam.T*Tab e ta advance) *3.00 tP* Fractional parts of tbe year at the same rates. Pcnooj raaltans and ordering .five or more copies of either the Tri-Weekly or Weekly editions, may retain tea percent of the subscription price as a commission. Nones to sene maxes.—in ordering the address oi yonr paper* ebaoxed, to preveal delay, be acre and ipeclfr what edition yon take—Weekly, Tri-Weekly, or Daily. Also, xlveyonrpasssMfaDdfntnreaddrea* %MT Wonry, by Draft, Brpraaa. Money orders, onn UeglgUrrdLKUTS. mar be sent atoor tUk. Address, TRIBUNE CO., SATURDAY, JANUARY 20, 1807. .TIU. PIXII.LtPS* BDXrO.N SPKSBCII. Mr. Wendell Phillips, in bis address to the committee of tbc Massachusetts Legislature lunonslraUng against the raliflcatiou of the ponding amendment to the federal Consti tution, said, with great force and truth, that however proper tbc amendment may bare been nt tbc time of its adoption, it Is now behind ttie times. Since the date of that amendment the judgment and determination oft he pcnplebn re made groat progress-While IIm 1 South has hesitated, and has refused to accept the terms offered by that amendment, the country Iras advanced to ttie fbll Oicas nre of ipilrersal suffrage. A year Ago Cnh* . tiroes proposed fcslrlclcd teptCßelilnllnn and nnhorsnt stilfrage ns aUethallVe measures t now (he country demands universal suffrage. nneohdiUnnaliy. W inn that amendment was proposed the ponlte'Mi Plates were warned that a rejeeltun or ii hy them would lead to other ami, In (lout estimation, severer terms. Th»y hive dv-md the tpMWfmd'y of our pern t-lc. they hAva spumed the hand which was extended to lift them bom iiu< duftt, and Umy have chalhmgad Urn Union io do tie worst, The amendment oft len d leiina to which the South might havo jkhlcd without uny eacrlfioa, save that of hrudlllty to the Union. They have rejected those terms, and that rejection lias been the rccolt of long and careful deliberation on their part. The amendment, therefore, has failed In accomplishing one end sought—the creation j of a friendly, conciliatory and submissive | fceling-al tiuv South. That thisTcault may I have been, to some extent, the work of An- | drew Johnson’s pandering to the rebel senti ment Is undoubtedly true: bat, neverthe less, it is a result which has to be met boldly and firmly. The South will not accept tbc amendment. The rebels propose, as loug as ' they are protected by the Executive, to con tinue doggedly Inactive, hoping thereby to weary tbf North into submission to them. Shall the North submit ? Shall it lose any more prccion» time in wait ing lor the growth of Union sentiment upon a soli where such sentiment will never prow ? Shall it grant independence to the rebels, and let them go from a Union which they hale ond despise J* Or, shall it at once, putting aside the tone ol supplication, put on the garb of justice, and at once call into politi cal being*the whole people of these States, and commit to the loyal of them the mas tery and the Government? It Is as n&clessto attempt to convince the whites ol }Ue South that Ireedom and mhnhood arc substantial things, and are not exclusively Incidental to any particular color of theskin, or to any pe culiar race, as it would he to attempt to per* j made the Bourbon Qucdh ol Spain that uni versal suffrage and political equality arc rights inherent in ' her people. These cun recognize IYO' justice but that armed with the sword, they jccognlzc no freedom hut that which is protected by the bayonet, they recognize no principle of law rave the law of force. They reject and de spise all lesser powers, but to that they ren der a prompt, if sullen, obedience. Shall the country, in view of all the facts, permit this Constitutional Amendment to pass hy withdut, action, 01 shall the North ern-States ratify it through 1 heir Legislatures and leave it upon record as a mark of the liberality and forbearance to which the North resorted before, in-duty to the country, avail ing Itseli of the great constitutional power of com-eiiiug and enforcing the obedience of nil men to the national authority? Let the Legislatures of nil the Slates, then, ralHy the aimpehnert. But inasmuch ns It has been rejected !.y those to whom U is especially applicable, let Congress wait no longer, hut proceed of once to do two* tilings : I'in-t. Let V interdict the further existence of the Johnson-rebel Governments in the rebel Mutes.ciid establish Territorial Guvcn meuis there, with freedom and stilfrage se cured t«> all wjthont distinction of c-dor or rare. Second. Let it propose as an amend ment to tin* (’onstllulion, that the q.uali()cH lions • f the elector* for all offices, National and Mate, amt for all elective offices ereitcd by National or Sta’c authority, alrnll bo uni form, and ttipt all male adults, citizens of the Vp.Jrd Slates shall he voters. Let that nmendmuit bo submitted within the next Ihree weeks, and It wIIJL he ratified by (he <onstltJitlomi) number of aU the states i Hotc the fourth of July next. The ini] erlancc ami necessity of pulling an < ml to the bogus Governments now existing In Iho r« ln-1 Mutes must he apparent. That m 'inn is n ilulv, which Congress ha:; 100 long n< gU’t'lt d.nml which It should perform at oner, Thai duty perlornmd, let the ntiiver ‘-.ii ••nfi.i't.e amendment be proposed. The n • M mo! Hie eontequenee* tiny he safe i \ •< ,'t 1 >• lilt! people. i"h.tim ih)n TO Airr irl :• lici'ti a movoimnl i"rrutly hy ii !• : , i <il liniiK* iirtiMp. «ir Ainurhnti hihor* ■ i<. m Ilu? frcdurtlnii of pintllrrn nmJ ptnlll* "v. in ni ti'inn "imngc of Iho tmtlt; sons (o I im|i •' (lii lr (iiiihiß mu) |||(>|i- Jiilioi- from Die • i>in|*i lit lull nf f'.i"lgu wmMm’ii (u (lu'eiunp Uni’, UViloiml pri' lu»w imy (Mio tvlin nil* tniip that (In- tndlt law* should |»rol>tt»t( for* urn i «n>)'( Mlbm »i}» to dll' jkjlii! of liny eight }•< i (-nil lii invofdi il«" boiiid mmiufmMurci', •>i nt| <>ll"» Millies cmi objeul to I hip claim «.f Auoibm» grain*. (UMmrlo Mo<i" has 1.. • ii n {.'t"nt «b al *«h! mid wrldmi about the hidin' nf im Inin nut" mul copyright biw ini up o hiitnVi*)' iiM'iiaut''’ of jiiatb'ii nmy lie I ni ol v"i) in a law of Mmt Kind, would mmr" to tl" lbllit-liumlother iorelgn author*,literary ha* been compelled to submit lo Iho pi lii-y of fire tiade. The men of letters, however, uri 1 from some cause not.up Keen ii the ib'liMire of their rights, us are thi knight* of Ibo pullet ami the chisel, the i-raymi ami the graver. The latter ilml their business depressed by tho* lulroduell m of the loieigo pictures and marbles; and they ad; that oil pauiliuus, statuary, and engravings, of ,l Udine artists ” be protected by the imposition of an Import duty so high as to virtually prohibit the Introduction of .-neb articles irom abroad. Congress has hi « n devoting considerable lime and cousid tTAble money to the encouragement ot home gcrius In the fine arts, and the interior walls ♦•f the • npitol building, of the committee i com.-. < f the iOluuda. and all other available plum* in ai d about.the Capitol, give evl- dc::ce of the imluslrv of the artists, even if they do exhibit in parts a collection ol works mm c appropriate for a pawnbroker’s collec tion than a national establishment Cotiorcf-s within a year or two has voted a Urge sum of money for a marble statue of Lincoln, to be executed by a lady. The story runs that tula money was not voted without some previous inquiry. The lady had a studio where were exhibited the busts oi several ‘persons executed by her, and among others her own bust—m marble. These works were, admirably executed we have no doubt, and the committee most probably satisfied themselves of the strict fidelity with which the lair artist copied na ture, and being young, handsome, vivacious, and the happy possessor of a magnificent bust—in marble, could Congress do less than vote some thousands to warm the heart that beats within the animated original of her finest work of arl ? Ought not the basts of ota - native artists be protected? 'Why should they be reduced to competition with th«* busts «jf foreign artists? and sculptors of native growth hove become numerous in this country of < late years. Art associations, with the help i of lottery schemes, have, U i B sapnosed, . awakened an appreciation of art, and fired i American trains with a productive enthusi asm that has never been surpassed In anv land. Why should not these incipient An glos and Bapbacis be protected by a law excluding all foreign works, of art. and com-. pclllng our people to patronize “Dome in dustry?” There are a number of American ortWs whose productions arc of that standard that, at home or abroad, they will sell, and sell at the ar lists 1 own prices; hut there are countless other studios which arc not thus blessed; studios which, to nee a familiar terra, * ore struggling for existence,” and need the pro tecting and# fostering care of the Govern im-nt, In the shape of a special tax upon pie lure havers for their support. Why not pro tect the picture painters, and the engravers, and the sculptors, ns well as the cotton spin niT*, ami the iron makers,-and the wool growers? What claim has cloth upon the tympathlc* of the public that is not equally shared by paint? The wealthy cotton spin ners, thriving under the import duly of 58 7>cr cent given them to protect “home. In dustry,” ko abroad to spend tbelr money and return with whole cargoes of foreign pic tures and statuary; these men never think of the American genius, unable to earn broad by the aalo of IU plotutos or Us busts, for which there Is no protection, and against 'which foreign competition Is invited by ad- milling. foreign wortcs of art free or duty. VTe have no doubt that there are . hundreds of ladles in - this country vho -can exhibit as fine a bust *us Miss Vlnnie Ream, and who, had ’they the protection of an act of Congress,-would ' transfer to America the glprj of producing the choicest models of classic beauty. i Shall these fair women be exposed any longer to the competition oftfre artists of the Old World ? Shall the painters of onr land be trodden under fool by the pld notions that there are works of art to be found abroad that cannot be equalled at home? Why should capital have the liber ty of buying the best pictures or the finest busts at the lowest price, and yet that capi tal be protected by tariff from all competition In those things it-produces itself F • We Insist that the painters and sculptors have as good a claim to be protected as others who live by their labor and genius. We insist that the -busts of our lady artists shall have ample protection: that our paint ers shall depict our grand American scenery under a “stiffened” tariff, as Mr. Morrill calls It; that American waterfalls, and vales and mountains, shall go forth to the world certified, by act of Congress, to he fifty-eight percent better than any other similar pro. auctions In other lands. Tbe roan who quar ries the marble is protected. Why not put the men who chisels it on an equal footing ? Something might be done, too, for native dramatic art by Imposing a tariff on foreign ac tresses. The extraordinary success of Madame Rislorl furnishes a timely hint to Congress. While American artists are struggling for a bare subsistence, this Italian woman comes along nud sweeps twenty thousand dollars out of Chicago in five representations. If Madalno Rislori had brought twenty thmisntid dollars worth of Italian silks and exchanged thclii fur uur inoncy, the people who bought them Would have been obliged lo pay a line oral least ten thousand dollars. Hul when she gives us nothing to show fur nlir gtectihncks hut a fbW tnuulbfuls of words, which weeutuiul iniUcrsland, and ul the same time dcprlwa Mr. McVlckcf and Colonel Wood or" tlirir market, M Uungfcss, ftir*ouDii fniidshes ns no remedy I HinTOlii, The engagement of UUlorl comes lo a close with Dm repreaentaDon of the mulehless Mary fitourl, in nmtlime this afternoon, Probably no nrllal who has oyer visited us has achieved such a pronounced snoces* both financially and artistically. The gross re ceipts of the five personations will exceed twenty thousand dollars, mid possibly reach twenty tire thousand, a larger sum than she has ever received before for the same number of performances, since her dtlnit upon tbc stage. Of this amount three-filths accrues to Ristori, and tbc balance to Mr. Grau. Wu concmtulfllc the great tragedienne upon tbc motcrial character of tbo welcome which has been extended her, and we arc none tbc less disposed to congratulate Mr. Grau that he has this season more than made up tbc losses of tbc last. Mr. Grau, like all other mortals, has bis shortcomings; but wc arc not unmindful of the fact that Chicago is Indebted to him for nearly all tbc great art* ists that have come here, and that be has always more than compensated for bis mis takes. : As an artistic success, Rlstori has, we think, surpassed the expectations of all. Her reputation had led *us to expect a great actress; hut the is more than that—she is a great artist, worthy to wear the mantle of Sidduns, Talma and Rachel. To properly analyze her action, and point out the quail* ties which compel success, would require more space thuu Is at our disposal. To thor oughly comprehend the details of her per sonations would require very close observa tion—more dose, probably, than any person ' unacquainted stow. The mass of those who have I seen her have witnessed but the 'gen | eral elfcct, and have appreciated I her only in the great climaxes of passion and ! pathos. This Is not singular, taking into j consideration the large degree of attcution which must be given to the libretto to com* ( prebend the spirit of the play. It is not I alone in the climaxes that she excels. The ordinary routine of the play is just as elabo rately and elegantly done. No part is slighted. Her entire action is one of finished and rounded symmetry. To appreciate this requires great judgment and keen scrutiny upon the part of the auditors. There is speech in her eyes, In her gestures, her car riage, her poses, the poetical curves of her arm, even in the eloquent index finger as well as In the modulations of the voice. One should have the eyes of Argus to observe all these things. Add to these the fiuc shades | of minn'mg which lose their Idiomatic lurcc ru the bungling, slipshod translations, and lire difficulty of thoroughly appreciating her h intensified. KUtori has given to us the drama os it should he and Iras elevated It above the per nicious influences which have been allowed to degrade it iu this country. She bos cloth ed it with the sanctity of art and makes it a great moral cducatorof the people, os it was originally designed to be. She has been able to accomplish this because she is herself a noble, high-minded, Intellectual woman, with nn unspotted reputation. Happy In her family relations, personally -upet intending the education ot her oldl , Oren, prudent and economical In oil her do iiicrdic a links—she is, like Cornelia, a noble ivomm', like Rachel, u great urtlut. She ole \utcs her diameters, and dignifies hernia tion. Site has lined the drama from the mire. Her own niornl dignity and native ■ xcelb nee rhino through all her characters. Vnlncln her hands Is always resplendent, vice always repulsive. There Is no pander ing to low thoughts or associations lor the Milo* ol applause. Him never, degrades art lioin Ms high mbsion. On this account she Ip i iiiiiu ntly worthy the mioce-slve o"utlmis a likb have awaited her ns she has made her ti):>reb ol triumph Rom city to clly-nu ovation ■ill the it,ore pleasing to Iter because she Is a MratigiT, speaking a fotcigu language. lie lying 11*011 the (mill that, ail Is not depi'ini cot on sprci'li. and Hint her matchless emn ibins would bees surely recognised listin' In ml red uit that Bpciihs from Iho scores of tlm guilt composer* of imule, she ejuim nmol gns otid lias not been disappointed. It U a mallei ol Mlf-uiahiliitlou Hint In no I plan have bci' claims lu uii so olslliiclly tec* | • tnt/,*d and appreetiiled as Imre. Tun only uyfi't at bet' lulling I* llm hrevlti of her « hut it I* ph'nMi'« to know that, twtme In r Him! dcpsilnin lor Kuropc wn shall ngHn ; wve Hie ojqrf.ilunity of wllMvsmg her lo Hill other .characters, ( i« iikvjiMirin.v.tiiv,. Thu J.ouihu Timt*, who Hit Inti-real In tin w elfare of the Great llcpntdlo U fully appn elated hy the jieople, declares that a rovoiii lion is going on In this country—“a revoke “lion, perhaps \gpro than any other, re *• markable for the speed of Its nrogress.*' Us reason for this cnnelitblon is the Introduc Hon of Mr. Ashley’s Impeachment resolution In the House of Representatives, and Us ref erence to the Judiciary Committee. The press here, both North and South, Is lustily repeating the cry of the trans-Atlan tic sympathizer, and nut only the Impeach went resolution, but nearly every act of Congress, however regular and constitution til, is characterized as “ revolutionary.!* The I dll to regulotc the appellate power of the Supreme Court is revolutionary. The District of Columbia Suffrage BUI is revolutionary. The proposed establishment of loyal Governments in the South Is rcvolu ticnary. The proviso In the Colorado and Nc*»ra?ka hills is revolutionary. The law fixing* the 4th of March next as the time for the meeting of the Fortieth Congress la rev olutionary. In a word, every proposition to carry out the will of the people, to re-estab lish lawful Governments In the South, or to give effect to the emancipation established by Jaw, Is revolutionary. Thls.cry is at pres ent the chief stock in trade of the rebel par ty ; yet It Is, in fact, the merest nonsense. The Constitution vests in Congress the power to impeach the President la certain eases. If. he is guilty of any of the offences enu mcralcd in that instrument, and the public eaicty requires it, Ms impeachment would be no more a revolutionary proceeding than was his iuunguratlon and induction to the high office he bolds, according to the Constl tution. The truth is the revolution, of which the i chels complain as coming, has already past; Congress is to-day the conservative power of the Government, and those who sect to re establish the principles overthrown by the sword arc the revolutionists. With Lee and Johnston slavery and barbarism surrendered to the power of the Republic, and the equal rights of all men were established when Its tlag was acknowledged by the chieftains of the rebellion. The moral sense of the nation, outraged by the long sway of abject sub serviency to the slave power, and by fugitive slave laws and Dred Scott decisions, stood avenged and triumphant on the field where treason fell. Then it was that - freedom waa made the rule In tbi* country—thc rale of legislation and Jurisprudence; then it was that Dred Scott decisions were reversed, and that universal liberty was made the fundamental idea on which the Government must hereafter rest. Now, we say that whatever branch of the Government places itself in opposition to that Idea, and attempts to displace U with the Ideas ot the slavery that has been swept away, adopts a revolutionary course, because it seeks to set aside ihe theory of Oovcruracul established by the sword, and proclaimed as the controll ing theory for oil future time; and any parly that seeks to accomplish such a retail, U a revolutionary party, lor the same reason. Tin* enfranchisement of the negroes la the District of Columbia Is a conservative meas ure since it is strictly in accordance with the fundamental Idea of freedom, engrafted on the Constitution and stamped on the Gov ernment by a million victorious soldiers of the Union. IU constitutionality 1* unquestioned; its expediency U made appa* mi by the necessity of settling the question of suffrage in accordanc with the new order of things. The Copperheads fall to compre hend that freedom aud not slavery is now tbo ruling principle; and that hence the party of freedom Is the conservative party, while the parly of slavery U the party of agitation and revolution.- .The .Supremo Court seems to have fallen Into the same error. Its recent decisions are revolutionary because they seek to reverse the role written ip the blood of our soldiers, and to anhstt tute the principles of slavery for those of freedom. The courts were leagued with James I. and Charles 1., to establish the prerogatives of the Crown at the expense of the liberties of the nation. The In* trepid Chief Justice Coke was “kicked out” by James, to nse one of Mr. John son's c-ossie phrases, because he would not lend himself fully to this great conspiracy against bis country, and his place was filled by an instrument and puppet of the royal will. The House of Commons was power less to withstand this appalling combina tion, and the resuit was the great revolution that brought the head of Charles to the block. Which was, in this cose, the revolu tionary parly? Was It the House - of Com- inons, nlth the friends of freedom at Us back, demanding Uic hndoublcd rights of or was U tbc usurping King trampling those rights under foot, and stcrlutr tip his usurpations with the decisions of n venal nml corrupt Judiciary? We fliltik there can be mi doubt but it was the King. Nor can llicrc be any doubt but Mr Johnson and bis parly, Including the Supremo Court, nre to day the revolutionary parly of this country, and that Ibo real conservative party is UmJ which seeks to maintain the principles of liberty, established by four years of war. Kansas cm a (lAmaien HAIL tIOAU* In n recent nrllole, vro stated the rucls In regard lullio Itnpoi intit llliy tulles of rath tond now building from Kansas CUy loCaiu* cron, a point oh the St. Joseph & Hannibal Kulliniid, by which Chicago will be placed In commntdcalloh with Kansas City and all Dm great suction west of 11, iliiotign which the Khii»hs branch of Dm raclrto Itallrnad will pass, Wo omitted, however, one Important consideration In Dm matter, which la Drat DieMlssmirlVacllloHoad Is censmtoied on Die wide gauge, while from Kansas City westward, there is a gauge millbrm with tha ilnrlinglon A tpdm-y and Dm proposed Cameron Hoad, eonseipieuDy Chicago will* enjoy fiflutltv railroad connection at Kansas City with the western part of Dm Pacific Hoad, unless the Missouri Road shall alter Us gauge—a work not likely to be under taken fur some years at least. Tbc committee who are hero to sell SIOO,OOO of Kansas City bonds, for ibo com pletion of the Cameron Road, have met with u favorable reception by certain business In terests; but wc regret to learn that others, have received them coldly. It seems to us that hesitation in a matter so plain exhibits u great want of business sagacity and fore sight. In the first place, tbc investment of itself is a perfectly sate one, and brings eight per cent interest; but ibis la a small consid eration in comparison to the great and per manent advantages it would secure to the commerce of Chicago. The Pacific Road is already open to Fort Riley, and when this fitly miles is completed from Cameron to Kansas City, freight can be shipped from here to tbc terminus of tbc former road with out change of cars, while, as wc have shown, the difference of gauge makes this Impossible lor St. Louis. We are surprised that any doubts should cxUi as .to the Importance of this road or the expediency of giving it the needed aid. £r. A bill has been introduced in the l.c gbhtnjc at Springfield to Incorporate the Democratic parly of Illinois as a newspaper company. The name of tbc paper is tbc Age, and tbc name of the Democratic party, when made a body corporate and politic under tbc proposed act Is to be tbc Chicago J//t Company. Tbc name was chosen with remarkably good taste. It may signify that U will be an age before the first number of the paper is published, or it may convey the impicss’on Dial is well advanced in years—in which case it should he called the Chicago Agrd Company, former is pndrably tbccorrcct Interpretation, for it will certainly be a long time before the Copperheads of Illinois pay their old debts for printing, to say nothing of tbeir incur ring new ones. 23?*The rebels having obtained control of Maryland, propose now to call u Constitu tional Convention, and complete the work of undoing what was done by the Union men in 1804. This will, doubles.*, lie accomplished with little difficulty. The unfortunate Union men of that State must now sec that they committed a fatal error iu withholding the right of suffrage from the negroes, when they had tlie power in their own hands. Had they planted themselves on the solid rock of jribiice and universal freedom, they would have added thirty thousand votes lo their political Ptrenglh, and would have been able lo duf} tbc rebel power. But, having failed to do lbl s , Ibcy now find tbcm«elvcs perfectly helpless. Thu Union men of Tennessee and Missouri will do well to ponder the lesson. Thcj must give the ballot to Die negro while I hey have the power, or they will share the Me of Maryland. The New York ÜbrW sevoicly attacks V.allme’s United States Sup eme Court Ue jolts hi an article headed “ A Supreme Conti Foul." It says these reports “area dlfgiaro to the American liar," and that the ‘‘.lodges of Hie Supreme Court, from a be coming regard fiur their own reputations, should remove a man who has shown himself «o rinutriariy unfit for hi* place." It Is, per haps, uoneecsanry to say that we fully agree with our New York contemporary, since the Chicago TmuoHK was the flrat journaMu I the country to expose Mr. Wallace’s Intol erable Myle, and his utter unfitness for the pnriilun he occupies. C r The Middle /Hen/nee says : *' The late ih cMcirs of the Supreme Court have given new )i|e and courage to the Demncmtle par ly." There Is tiodouht oflt. The A'lv>rU»rt may test assured that the people hsve made n note of (he fart, and perfectly apptcclnli? It. Tlir 4*rent IriMoppolntiiM'iil* Ti e Sen York Ttifowr publishes the fob lowtbg rdlloiliil communis on Urn C'hb'itgo ttpeta Home ratlin 5 "AbMU ponptu are sntqmsml to ham I'eiirhi 0 tMr truth amt torn their half ) Mmdny 1 mniumg over the pews bum ciiirAvo, It l« not rarii to assume that of tliosw oho held tickets In it e great Chicago lottery, a v«»t mnjntli) 1 hilly ex* pcrteti to become tho tmtimstn itussorAois of 'h« OpciM ITnuse. aid tlml tho Sao lucky ones who drew the »mabei prises are almost ns disrmisolslu as the thousands who drew nothing at all, For ourselves, we must contest we don't feel sorry for 0 cm. They epcj.l ttwlr five do’lars foolishly, and they itcUy Uowrvttdto get- nothing for their in viftmei.t. •• 1 tils busine.-s cl lotteries Is fa*t becoming an iiit-ullerahle, aud it Is hlirU (iroo to aoato ii. 'i lie policy-shops. whore servants and day laborer* squander their hard earning*; the still nuarer swindles staring ns la the face at every cormr, übcio the unsuspecting ore deluded mm buying worthless “ irltt Jewelry the *' exchange ofiiciF.” where yon may stake yonr dollars on - 11--4: the charitable rathe?, in which ihertemoral- beng passion for gambling, and sometimes, wo grieve to say, the grossest dishonesty, are Im pressed Into the service of religion; the Art Ucton enterprises, now fortunately le*s popular than they used to be; and finally, this great scheme by which Mr. Crosby has got rid of his «huo elephant-all these are symptoms of a mania which is fast becoming epidemic and threatens to play fearful havoc with the moral health of the public. Wo don’t pnr po*e, at (bis la’e day to reopen the question of the Influence of lotteries. The sensible pouioa of mankind decided long ago that it was had. We* only want pt ople to ask themselves wherein lottery 1 rambling on the stage of the Chicago Opera Douse; I,; suy butler than policy-playing in a dirty den on ■ West Broadway. That men of good rcoatatlon nr d social standing gave their countenance to tho: former scheme b*, perhaps, me worst thing aboht iu They ought to have knovri bettor, and remem bered that they arc the class to whom the poor and the ignorant have a right to look for good example. “ Perhaps the tmtortnnale persons who didn’t draw the great prize on Monday may be helped to: a resolution to avoid such things lor the famra by looking at the following figures: Toe Opera House was rained (by Its owners) at 1600,000, • thongh it ccitalftiyconld not have been sold for near that ram. The Art Gallery was not worth, at tbe ontslde, over t £O,OOO. Abont 180,000 tickets were sold at 53 each, yielding IfCn.OCO. Allowing f150,C00 tor expenses, yon have *TtO,COQ as tbe price obtained for the Opera House—at leial thlrty-per cent more than It wonld have brought at a regular sale.. Bat this is net all: nearly 80,000 tickets rcmaln ine unsold wete reckoned the property of Mr. Crosby, and placed In ihe wheel; so that the< owner of the building, beside retting a very hand some price for It, bad one chance meverv seven ol drawing It himself! We hare no doubt that Ihe drawing was conducted honestly, and with out deception; bntbadwo not better avoid, for the fnlnrc, all transactions In which the seller ha* .such tremendous advantage over the buyers? 11 ' Bnmis vs Sew You*.—Upon the population of New York city, os given in 18tt, the birth rate was \ equal to 19. C to the 1.000 Inhabitants, nr as one to ‘ thirty-seven. The birth rate In Brooklyn Is about t the same as that of New York. Boston has a blr’h tale ot 2L3 per 3.000. and tondon of 33.51 per 1,000. These comparative statements either show a grossly defective registration, or indicate the' fncbtfol extent to which child murder 1» practiced' in New York Fortfco marriages In Ixindon are less than New York, while the ratio of births In that twy is nearly double what It Is in Now York. ‘ . Tin i?»n> cah>u—The Erie Canal has now, and La* badslnce w*t\a tonoage-carrying capacity of fuar millions of tons In each direction, east and vrtfl, flunng an ordinary season of navigation of seven and one-bslf months. Daring tho year 1566 the shipments ot whoa* by canal wore bnahels, sgatost >7,751,760 bushels In 1669. The present capacity for eastward movement ot prop eriy is equal to. that of eighty railway trains dally. • : 1 J ’ • ■ Tns fikst Fna* Cisco Slirt.—The gold coinage at the 8m Francisco Mint daring 1806 for the year wilt fool about **>,<Bo,ooo, which U a large sum for a mint constructed with a espteity for coin ing ts.WO.WO pci annum. FBOJI BOSTON. The Great Storm in Massaclm- setts. Boston Besieged. The Sdrroms and Solace of Salnrbaaj— Narrow Escape of Commodore Blake —Camilla Drso Snow Bound. Art and Political Hatters. Western Railroad Communications and the Iloosac Tunnel. {Special Correspondence of Ihc Chicago Tribune.! Boston, Alaaa., January Si. TUB BTOBM. PolUlce, literature, art, society, commerce, all fall Into the background, and the sole en grossing topic of breakfast table, dinner ta bic. editor’s desk, parlor, club-room nnd street, Is the storm of Thursday last. Boston has been four days besieged, and is only Just beginning to burst tbo bonds which hate confined It; and naturally, haring no commu nication with Hie rest of the world, no news papers but our own, and those treating of nothing but the snow embargo and Us Incidents, wo bare talked only of ourselves and our circumstances. So my letter may consistently bare a somewhat monotonous color Ibis weekt but some Icatureeof tbo storm may hare Interest enough to justify a relation to you even a thousand miles array. Boston more, 1 think* that* auy other city, ts intimately connected with Us suburbs. The oil t Itself ts so small that everybody lives out oftuwn. The great snow storm be* gun so gently, and with so little premonition oi lie nißgnltude, ilml everybody eame Into loa n as usual in Hip morning \ Imv H eon* limit’d so fldudlly Hint beftiro night every avenue was blockaded* and not a sdmm or horse inlln'fld wa* pns»ahte. A number of geuik'iueu,variously estimated at from twelve to luriily-llvn ihmiPHiirt, who (or years Imvn not mitsed a annular day in llmduu, and y» I Imvp not spent mm night hero In thu wJ»o|n time, woro out oil trom Umir homes ami forced fo sock a shelter In the city. Th«h«» tel* were crowded to their utmost capacity ul an early hour, and yet thousands wero no piovided for. JUwyura’ ofilooa and stores wero occupied by tolly parlies of the block aded, who sought comfort vainly Id im promptu couches, or whiled the night away with euchre and whiskey punch. Theatri cal managers who had thought of closing their house-, and loouked at moat for an audience ot a hundred or so, were astonished to find • their houses crowded, and standing room at a premium, the establishment which rejoices in the possession of “Tbe Black Crook” belrg especially favored. Billiard hobs and similar resorts were equally well patronized, not by the city-folk, wno bugged their fire sides and congratulated themselves on th-lr < luck In getting home, but by tbe out-of- j towners who were disposed to make a lark of the whole affair. Of course, such an unusual state of affairs bad many dramatic and some laughable iucl-* dtuts. Some devoted basbaods who could not bear the thought of absence from heme even .for a night, offered enormous sums, ranging as high as? fifty and seventy five dollars, for convey ances out of town.. Some of tbo stables. In charity for their horses, refused to permit a team to go out on any inducement; others allowed their drivers to make attempts which very often resulted in failure. Com modore Blake of the navy, and another gen tleman, hired a hack togo out to Brookline, onlv four miles or so. The other gentleman was safely left at bis residence, and soon alter the Tchtclc stuck fast in a drift. The driver took one horse and went off for assist ance; but when he returned, the venerable Commodore baa disappeared, and was no wbetc to be found. Tbe most vigorous search that day and the next only served to confirm the opinion that the old man had first eel out to walk, had become buried in tbe snow, and so perished. Tbe newspapers published bis obituary*, and bis friends mourned him as dead. But on Saturday morning be arrived, safe and sound, at his , home; and It proved that, finding himself freezing In tbc back, lie bad determined to walk to tbc nearest light, bad nearly suc cumbed, but finally reached a house a quar ter of a mile distant, where be bad been snowbound but kindly nursed and sheltered for tbc intervening time. Tbc various railroad stations were crowded all Thursday night with people who went there expecting to leave In the trains, hut were unable to get away in any direction, and to spent the long hours in the waiting rooms,eingingandmaking merry to passaway the time. It seemed that Boston was the great centre of the storm, as the trains from a distance found the snow drifts to increase us they approached it, «ud many of them were forced to halt within a lantallzingly short distance of the city. Tbo most formidable obstructions to travel wore on the Back Bay, only a mile liom the centre of the city; there stack lor hours themai’s lor which we waited so lin pulieLtly; and there remained duriogFriduy oltertoon, after a journey of more than thirty hours from New York, M’llc Camilla Urso, the violinist, who had travelled a long way to be at a concert which took place whih- she sat there almost within sight, hut able only to telegraph the utter Impossibili ty of proceeding'further. To day we have another storm, extending, the telegraph tells us, all over the country, but here consisting of six Inches of snow, fol lowed by u drizzling rain which piomlses to (limit l*li the denlh, while It Incrca-cs the solidity of the drl'Us which block the streets and the railway trucks. But 1 have devoted 100 much space to the weather* AHT MATTRUS. Most of the amid artists iu Boston who sfgtM d the petition for a prohibitive tarllT on lorelen pictures lately presented to Congress, did &>• hastily and without knowing the eon t« ills <>f the paper, us so many men arc w)l). lug to alllx their mimes to any dociimen' for (he nriiing. Thu ventilation of the subject by the press has opemd ttu-lr eyes to the teal viiataeter and tendency of the request, and tunny of them vi ry heartily regret thrlr oelluu. and depicriite the pnbliearinn oftho list of slg niiimcs wlilt'li souk* ol tho papers ask for. lie Hans’s picture of " Good Night" Is to lie plae> d on exhibition here In a few days. 1 no ('• minlUec on the Kvciclt memorial, having c ttlio a sum on their bauds. In nddl lion to that need ml for tho eltiltio shortly to he cast at Mtitileh, have purchased Wight’s painting of the Into orator, which Is to have a place >n rntieull Hall. I'OlitTlOAb. TIHMr will bn fitilt <l n respectable opposb Mmi In Mimnehuscttfl to (ho rnlllk'Ulmu of lb" rciigieMdoiml Amemltncui In Iho Cun* pddidnii, tml limn dm ibslunineabt lie* mm'iuey. hut fmiii Mini I'tapMii Kmlluiitswlm (litliiK! Mint "Milo Ip no tlmo lo pill n dim 11 lie t lon (imi tiilt'il mi color for Urn ilr«*t (lino into dm Nnilotm) ( , miPlllniUni. M Tim Mom miltci* o| (In' I.egU iiluro on, I'Vib’rnl l(«bv> drnip |p inniit ptioucly Umllonl in Up mini' nopinmi. aiml pliowplu lilup m Milp iimiuw In uppnini iiiu a day Ibru public lomrlug of Mm»p" op|io»"il to Mm Amendment, Instead of repot Mugll forlinmcdlalc pnssinioln tho usual way, This hearing taking phien wt I write, unu Windull Phillip* amt Ur. Randolph, Mm Now Orleans octoroon, are to oppose the ii (1 opt to ii ortho Amcmlmenton grounds of itrimrlple. The lonnor will bo likely lo inline mm of bis very bout qrntions on the subject. WESTERN COMMUNICATIONS. The topic ofour needed facilities for West-. ern freight and passenger trelllc Is still un der discussion, with very slight prospect of anything being accomplished In the way of reiorm. Hon. Joslah Quincy's proposition that the Stale shall forcibly buy the Worces ter and Western Railroads, and lease them to the city of Boston to be run for the public benefit, has been gracefully snubbed by the Board of Trade by a polite postponement for future consid eration, and the newspapers all look upon iti rather coldly. Another proposition was made at the recent Board ol Trade meeting, and scented to facet more favor, although; apparently quite os absurd. It was to the 1 ctlcct that a railroad should be built over the Hoosac Mountain, for temporary use’ while the tunnel Is being constructed through. Ol course, if a road could be made and used. over the mountoin—aslt seems to au unin itiated observer—the State would spend no mere money in boring underneath it; and if such a route Is practicable, it Is very strange that it has not been established before this.' Bevekb. ; Iho lechlatnre and tbe Railroad*. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: My attention has been, attracted to yonr' leader of the 2.5 th, entitled, “The LcgUla-' turc and the Railroads.* 1 1 am no advocate of the high charges of those corporations for freights; they arc a burden if not an; j imposition upon the people. But manifest ' breaches of contract and of law would hcj ' vastly worse. When such a Government as this ceases to stand firmly upon fete, Its' , time for freedom and safety will be shprt. Considering the charters which gave these corporations existence, the questions to be determined do not pertain to popular opinion; but the law of the charters, what ever that is, settles the question, though It? may leave grievances which cannot be re dressed, and burdens have to be endured: I think your article is extremely erroneous. Yousay~ , ‘lf tbe authority of the corpora tions is unlimited, then they may, by their tarifl on freights, prohibit the removal of a bushel of grain from the State.** -/This cannot be so. The grain may be carried hyj water .transportation and hr teams, as It used to be. “If they can chance one cent they can charge forty.** Undoubtedly: they can 11 there is no restraint In the char-; ter. Yoa.v nimtratc by English tithes. 1 The comparison is not in point. Tithes were of the common, law, not by contract. Tithes pertained to office which is subject to the legislative authority, unless It be in thcl nature of contract, which tithes are not. Corporations arc matters of contract, sub ject to acceptance or rejection by either’ party while under consideration; but, when 1 completed, arc as binding as contracts be tween Individuals. The people make coo-: tracts by their legislators, and if they have acted iu ignorance or stupidity I cm see no hope lor them., That the people, after hav ing made a contract, should rise l up in indignation and Say -that they have sMflfcrcd themselves to bo overreached, Is matter of feeling, notof law. Thopjople’ arc sovereign. It is true; but when they have • i parted with a portion oftbclr sovereignty, i upon what principle can they tcenllll? if , the legislature have granted the right of fctrlago, excluding all other ferries within l one mile on each side, can they grant other ! ferries wlthlu the distance ? Having granted r a back charter for twenty Tears, can they i repeal It, tbe bank doing nothing but weal . it bad a light to do? No Intelligent man can . give hot one answer to these questions. The thing cannot be done. So If railroad coroo- i rations include the power to charge freights without limitation, neither the Legislature I cor the Judicial power can take it a wav. ' Ti c great mistake unquestionably has b'-en In not reserving the rower la the charters to regulate the tariff of freight*. - You say “The people of the State have a Constitution which fa the highest possible form of a contract or covenant; (that they have the right also to set aside and abolish that Constitution.” This Is partly true, and partly not; .hod In all that bears upon the question U is not true. A constitution is 'neither a contract nor.a covenant. There Is but one party to it. It is a document of civil powers. If this document restrain ed charters, and the Legislature panted a charter irrespective of the restraints, the corporators could not hold the charter, because in violation of the highest law. But because the people can by their agents enlarge or curtail civil powers, can they recall rested rights ? If a railroad charter contains the power to fix freights, the Legislature can no more annul that power than they can annul the entire charter. I am aware that some have contended that even this might bo done; but such senti ments have uot been wide spread, nor oil talucd any position In judicial history. » You remark, ** The people are free, and that they cannot through ihclr Legislatives dlrtst themselves of certain powers.” Can they divest themselves of any powers! If they can, why not of those they giro to cor poral ions ? It the Lcglslut ure contracts with a party to build a State House, or a Peniten tiary, by public act, cao It repcallbe act and refuse to i ay the raouey when the work is done! A charter to a railroad company is upon consideration that the company shall expend Us money for the interests of the people, and U may be, pay a part of Its earn* lugs Into the public treasury for their good j and if fur these things the Legislature have grunted eorrespoudimr benefits, the thing stands upon cqnn'Uy of contract, and the Legislfltmc can no more annul than the cor poration can. Upon any other principle the | corporation would bo at the volition of the Legislature, which is sometimes changeable Insomuch that capital would hardly rest upon Us stability. Yml rcttnrh, that ”U is a principle of law i settled in nil the elates that Btate Leglsta* lures lb all things hot inhibited by the Ooti slltiitlon ol the United Bintes aud of tin Bluto possesses all legislative power.” Hoes noHins very principle uproot yonr whole argument! TheUousilltmoiiof the United Biales is (lie supreme law of the land. That expressly declares (hat a Btate Legislature shall p*M no law Impaiilng the obligation o( eontraeia I does this mean none except their Vou remark that “Tim railroads have (ho crops nf the pcopja In Umlr haim” Ho they do, and, for mm, lam sorry (hr It. But It will lm a miserable work to essay relief by violating the olfiUatbms of plain and poal live law. Law Is a sacred thing. This Is a iiovm.meni of law, and when her principles are Invaded, and her foundations are broken up, it will be worse fur the people than to bear the Ills of high freights until relief comes by competition or some other rightful means. 0. THE I’AltM AND GARDEN. A Farmer’s Visit to the State Capital I and west lie Saw-Some Facts abont I ' the Corn Crop —The Value of the I ‘ Dallr Newspaper to the Parmer— ( . What Wo Want or the Industrial I ] University. 1 ] [From Oar Agricultural Correspondent ] I j CHAacpAiQK. 111., January 32. I : Let one remain for a week at the State I i Capital, amid the whirl and excitement of | 1 politics, the fierce contest for Senator, the 1 , combinations of Interest, the strangle for I | advantage, the pushing of private bills, the 1 * pressure of the lobby, the tardy serving of I 1 meals at the hotels, the late hours for retir- I ‘ log to rest, the steady hum of the human I , hive, the rattling of carriages to I \ and fro from life depot, and 1 < the occasional tramp through the long cor- I • ridors in tbe “weesma’ hours” of the night, I ; and he can appreciate the quiet and com-1 forts of “Home, sweet home.” He will I ; need no poet to call up its pleasant aspects, I to make him fully appreciate all Its worth. I lam thankful that I am neither Represcn- I tative, Senator or lobbyist. Darin* my stay I 1 had the honor of a seat with the mem- | Dors of the press, to note the measures in I progress of interest to the husbandry and I horticulture of the State. By my last letter I it will be seen that several mutters of im- I pojluncc to the rural interest arc iu pro- I cess of becoming laws, and one of them has { reached tba*. dignity—the appointment of I a Statu Entomologist. In both Senate and I House are many prominent tanners, who I will see that the cultivators of the soil have I some attention paid them. ) A neighbor has just dropped in, with a I “Good morning? Mr. Rural. Just back from ] Springfield? What’s going on? Did you sec I any sights?” Yes, I saw men from all parts I of the State. I sat In the midst of the meu I who rule the destinies of the State, whether { for good or evil; I saw a grand army, a I f-reat new political party go down In front, | u the Senatorial contest, and disappear ns if 1 by magic; I saw beautiful women and well I dressed men at gay parties, when the 1 hour of reception was at the farmer’s I bed-Umo; I saw, with surprise and 1 wonder, the rich silk dresses I sweeping beneath the long robes,and I wondered if there were not some new patent I economy to dispose of the dust from carpets, I from halls, and from the nasty pave- 1 menu. I thought ol Johnson and Borgordes, I who lock the Urst premium on broom corn. I and wondered if this great staple of Central I Illinois wutc thus to bo wiped out, and this ! elites of cultivators scut Into other employ-| - ineut. I saw the brave General nod the great Mtilesinan, who were rivals for the highest ollK’c in Urn gift of the Gcnc«al Assembly. • make coroial greeting and pledge to each I t other itclr friendship after the congest had | • ended. I saw men who, U was said, had , * i heir packets plclhorlc with greenbacks that • *UfV would use us urgumcilU to press their J rjght to ccriqln special privileges. 1 saw u > Jaiinrr pie-lillng over Iho House of Repre sentatives with ability nod dignity. I saw grave Senators who came from their farms 3 and woikshops with a determination to * guard the rights of every class ol Industry. » ul commerce and of prolusslon. Isa v a lew demugogu *s that hud foisted themselves on • M*me miio'timatc coiHtitueney, but forty. [ lately U.oy were easily distinguished by l their voice and their unreal appendaucs. I 5 saw a noble Governor who had been a brave f Mildkr, honored and respected. I | ivml the halls of a pilaeo that JM ura a dork stain In our political history. :* I Miinni'd tin- dingy walls and ImidcipiiUu accommodations of the State House, and a breathed s hope t> at Vhts present Assembly *• would provide for one that would be an * honor to llio great Rralrlo Stale. 1 saw the l * a lid walls or the Slate Treasury guarded 0 by u lullhlul oltlcor* I saw late iiunrtei* * iiiiistms and shoddy contractor#, in the 0 lobby, with new mrn**nrr» for pi wider. Excuse me. neighbor Junes, from giving Vmi , nuttier details of my vutt. You would do I. ,1 ... la. *ftaat«l alNAlll', I ..tia. well U» spchd tt wwk ill eight ioelttx I olio I . wvck l« nil you would raquiro tor a lllcUmo. I , I iiiiiaV tnlk to Urn reader* of the TuniUNit I \ Oil Ollll'I'BlllOlUJll—«OOll lllKltlllltf. I , ti»«« oh.n nmr. . I i A great imrtor thompU harvcidpd and 1 tliu tOBUII itACrrluliifit. Neatly All point* I 1101 111 ul Dlnomlnuloii mill IMxiou MiilmtU Horn omly froil, ii'ul Urn crop contain* only 1 u Mimll per ••rutmom inernlmnliihm corn. Bouth odUU, ** ]ur a* Uialftrrft limit.' .V I Alim lUUr.«ml,iliui'MipWA« bolter main-ad; y»a them U oven In IhU Mellon a Übimljwp I ctiMuifu of imoncorn. The average yield In J UiU acdion cannot bo over twenty* I live to thirty liuhliclb. It U true tint 1 «uwo fluids ot early planted corn 1 turns out Ally, and oven sixty bushels ; but | to olUet this wo have other fields that have I Ihcir ten and fifteen bushels of chaliy corn, ( only fit to winter cutlloand hogs. I Corn is now selling at the stations In this I part of the State At forty to forty-flvo cents, I a large part ol It going direct to Toledo and I Cairo. Many farmers ship to these p dots I on their own account, and then have returns I at fifty to liny-five cents a bushel. There Is I a growing desire to dispose ot one of the I classes of middle men, and ship direct I to the commission houses at the I place of sale. Thu saving In this I respect Is ten to twenty per cent. The I • Tribune has been the steady advocate of 1 ' this plan of a direct Intercourse between the 1 producer and the consumer, through only j one commission. I ; The fanner should shell and load bis own ! . corn, ship It to the distant market, to the I ■ care of some wcil-cstablisfaed house which]] will sell It at the market price and purchase I such articles for blmthathlsneedsmayde-J tnand, and remit the proceeds promptly. ! This is the most easy and certain mode for; . its profitable marketing. Large amounts of) 1 money are scot into the country annually for the purchase of produce. This -Is- and; ranst ne attended with expense, all of which,! I In the end, must come out of the former. It • is better to ship to a house that' only buys 1 and sells on commission, than to one that; j occasionally or habitually buys on Its own account, fat with the latter the temptation; . to speculate In fluctuating markets U often *i too great to be withstood. 2 PROSPECTIVE PRICES. This subject lai like tinkering with the cur rency, and we have little advice to oifer.; People hare so often been deceived that the best judges have little filth In their own predictions. The de mand and supply are not all the elements that enter into onr markets, and hence we must look to other disturbing causes. The price of corn is not such as to be seriously complained ot at present, yet, from tbe general light crop we might expect, a large advance. ’ Should the spring prove unfavorable to planting, It is difficult to say what the price might not be. * On the other hand, a favorable spring would have a con trary effect. A farmer who has debts to pay capnot stop to await either of these dcvelop mi nts,and, judging from the present activity In the corn trade in the central part of the State, tbe farmers are quite well satisfied with the present price, the good, roads and fine weather to put the crop in market. In this case the crop goes direct from the field to the shipping cars. Corn mbs are thosdlspcnscd with, reloadlogsaved and tbe handling of the crop Is onto! the way ot the soring and summer work, and the shrinkage must mil on other bands. VALUE OF DAILY PAPERS. Until within a few year* the dally paper was of little real value to the farmer, fbr the pimple reason that he did not see its advan. or no other use than to post him on the value of his products in the distant cities. At this time no farmer that has a rcasonoblo omonnt of produce can be found who does not take a dally paper, and few formers can bo found who do not make it a practice, when they come to the village market, to purchase a copy. A large part of the class last name J talc a weekly paper, but as these weekly papers are mostty shorn of their city news, they purchase the dally to obtain the city news and more extended reports of the condition of the markets. It Is the teachings of the dally press, and the Information that they send out, that prevent the farmer from becoming the prev of sharp ers who could wheedle them out of h&lf the value of the products of their sun-browned to Tho great anxiety fbr news daring the war, brought the doily papers Into notice in the rural dhtilcU. and now, after peace Isro* stored, they cannot bo dispensed with, for their Commercial value. The telegraph and Jp* dally paper are an clement of wealth to *je farmer, for they protect his interests by gving him early and rclUblc inlormation of tie condition ol the crops and of the mar lets. They do more, for they educate him ly ualbcttngup all that Is now in Implo nents, seeds or culture, and send the facts t» their firesides so that they may benefit by Rediscovery. ' It is an easy matter, in riding through the country, to point ont the farmers who take ibe daily, the .weekly, or no paper at all. (f'you enter the homo ol the latter you will find a medical almanac, and on the window fill empty of some wonderful remedy for the accidents ofUfe;.: Ho wUI tell you hat ilmcs.are hard, very hard; he tends hU *orn with the old single shovel plow thathis father used, and kills his hogs In the second quarter©! the moon. He visits the village on Saturday to learn the news and to get “sulbio to take,” and when election comes voles the Democratic UcfceL The common school Is making havoc In -the ranks of the sous of this ckn-s of farmers, and some day wc may put up a tombstone at the head of . the last one of the race. TUB INDUSTRIAL CNIVER9ITT. ■ It Is nearly five years since the grant was -'made by Congress, and it Is to be hoped that the present ueneral Assembly will locate the University, ahd put ”at least one col lege” In active operation without delay, W c need the school, and we need an cxperl farm, where, at the expense of the Bioteonu under the supervision of some of our best cultivators, we may bo able to test new Implements, new seeds, new modes of culture, and to examine more carefully many of the old ones. Under the old system of individual enter prise, it has taken twenty-five years to learn: how to make a good hedge out of the osage.' Ten years have been spent ‘ld proving the. fact that the Willow is the only strawberry of any value fur market. Fur ten years wo have dabbled In sorghum, and Lave uot, as vet, fixed its status. Hundreds of thousands n| dollars have been expended oil seed, ma chinery, and patent processes for the making of sugar, and without avail. No such sligor has reached the market, and the public mlud ts full of vague ideas In regard to the Ate of this plant* The sugar bed came un the stage some thirty tear* since, strutted a brief day and retired I ll is again presented under a new euudltbm of things and awaits investigation. If it stands ll must be taken Inlo tire keeping of American genln«, for our soils do not roily accord with the teachings ut Lnrupeau cut* 1 An experimental form would bo (he most effectual place on which to aijueleh out ttun. cultural humbug*. Bugar millet, Hokum clover, Illinois coffee. Japan pens, Uoaii-sc. ama mw Uoofcy Mountain corn* treo eidtoii. am) similar humbugs, would have a ahorWivud uKimomut. and tha groat body of the people be saved from the limdms of Urn rwscaU, who year by year present mime new agricultural or horticultural wonder. Uimx., SAINT ANDREW'S DAY. Ilow Andrew Johnson Became a Plebeian on the 111* of march* 1905, Lt'ornsrctdenco of (be Cincinnati Commercial.] Washington, January 17. A correspondent of tlio Boston Common* i ceolth Ims recently started and attempted to settle Ibe Important historical question where Andy col the brandy that made a plebeian of bun on the 4lb of March, IBtiSJ He goes on to soy that Mr. Vice President Hamlin told somebody, who told somebody else, who, in turn, told him all about It, and be proceeds to tell the public. Now, I know somethin? of ibis matter from personal observation, and here it is: The Capitol Building was closed against strangers and visitors at a very early hour on the morning of the.4th of March, 18G5, as is customary, 1 believe, lu order to prepare for tin- inauguration ceremonies. The doors arc opened at ten o’clock, but only to such as have previously been supplied with tickets, of admission from tlieaergcant*at-Arms,and these generally include none but the families

of Congressmen, members of the press, and special'court favorites. On the occasion I refer to. both Houses bad been iu session all night, and had adjourned at about 6a. m. for breakfast and a nap, to reassemble at 10, and finish out the remaining two hours of the Thirty-eighth Congress. It was after this adjournment that the Capitol Buildings were sealed against outsiders; even an angel from heaven, they said, couldn’t get lu until after ten, and then only If be had a ticket. How ever, as this class of visitors seldom stop In Washington on their mundane travels, there was no opportunity for testing this purlieu- Inrvasc. 1 had been up all night, and was determined to see all that was to be seen, despite the red tape and “rules” of the Sergeant at-Artns. Before leaving, after the tlx o’clock adjournment, I had left one of the committee room ‘windows, in the rear of* ibe building, In a condition to bo opened from outside, and returning after breakfast, at about eight o’clock, flanked the door* keepers, and made my way into the Senate wing In spite of them. Andy bad arrived in town the night before tight as a brick they said, though I guess that’s a Radical slander now ns It was a Copperhead slander then. At any rate he had uot pro vided himself or been provided with a ticket of admission, and so rigid wore the orders that even he could not got in till the proper lime came, though the play was the Melancholy Dane, and he was the star Ham let of the occasion. Andy got tired of Itg in the eoldonuiue, I suppose, for before the doors were opened ho began to practice one of the tricks he had no doubt learned from the “ brecchy” cows down lu Green ville, only using bauds Instead of horns, and upon windows Instead of fence bars. lie had tried a cool many to no purpose, when finally he reached the window of the Senate poal ofllce on the east iront. Fortunately ho saw a friend behind it, and, knocking, It wan opened unto Min. 1 was thereat the time and saw him climb in. lie was accorooanied by a friend, who was addressed os “Doctor,” «ud w|m advised him to be seated and rest hinieCtt The Doctor Inquired if there was any uood liquor In the building, saying that “the Governor” was quite ill, and needed something to stimulate him. And he was ill, too, but from what cause, not being a Dt ctor, I can’t pretend to say, though the svmploms were, to the uumcdtcul eye, very in nth like those which follow an Injudicious mixture ot liquors. Atqly was really sick, irrtnbllng like an aspen leaf; pale and billons looking—lbr nil the world like lliai most miserable ofnll liiinnn beings, a man who suffers nit the nausea of eea sick ness, but can’t get (be heavenly relief of a square vomit. Mr. Korney was immediate* Ivsent fbrnnd earn® to see Andy. He ex pressed almost tearful compassion ior the sufferer, and took him Into his private office, where the bottle was produced aud handed to poor Andy. Vice President Hamlin was lime, 1 believe, unit the bottle was passed to him : but ho didn’t drink, whether from conscientious scruples, or bemuse Andy had taken oil, however, I eah’t say. Andy (ell much relieved. ho said—so did the bottle. I care swear. Pretty stmti it wrs suggested that Andy hod heller take another dine, ns the first hud done litrii so much good. Ills doctor nietid didn’t like this idea (he evidently thought “the Governor '* hud had (bough ahead) *, hut he said nothing, and the hoUte, or another at the same sort, was passed Andy selr.Cd It like a man win* was ueileollv nt homo on the siihjecl, and emm tied the depth of nimiit Mur lingers oi U Into u tumbler, and thence Into ms throat. Thai was enough I lln was a pleldan thence, forward ior the rest of the day. Ho didn't cure a ennllnonl'il tor foreign mlnUiers, mb' loci oillcers, or chlet lunU es-aud ho soon told them All so in plain KnglUh. .... Konoy soon dUeoverad the inGehhu Ho had unwittingly dmm. hut U was 100 late to reiMvlriu U was drawing close to twelve o’clock, ami the last “shot” had struck Andy tight astern, unshipped Ilia rudder and cut his tiller ropes oil to pieces. He could nl navigate, could hardly “wabble” across the little room In which ho had been “mortlcat log.” And vet ho must be In the senate Chambers, standing up to take the oath at twelve precisely. Forney took fast hold of him—helped him os beat he could to the Viee-Vresmcnl’a desk, aud there seated him , by the side of Mr. Hamlin. So fir, bis weakness was known only to a few. and there was no reason why tbe knowledge of it should extend beyond that select circle— but that “unruly member” which has since got Its owner into so many scrapes, was tWsilncd to betray him thus early in bis career. Ordinarily the vice President makes no Inauguration speech. He takes the oath ol office, and proceeds with the duties of the President of the Senate, as If be had been there a life-time. But poor An-, dy felt that he would be recreant to Uls trust if be didn’t say something- Just as' he had btnackcd tbe Bible in attestation of his love and service to the Constitution, he looked Mr. Hamlin squarely In the eye and mid “Tes, sir, I can conscientiously take that,'oath before God.” Here waa the ffrst; scene in the little comic tragedy about to be -enacted. The galleries, •acre tilled with. ladles, and each a challenup as they set up when they! heard the chehantinK remark, so ont of place on snch a Brand occasion, has never before been beard and never will be again, I guess, until Gabnel wakes up all tbe magpies that have lived and died since the year one. Andy-had taken the oath and was now Vice President. Even this extra official asseveration might have passed with out much notice, .but, alas I that tongue of his was bonnd to ruin him. Standing up m ■rcctly behind , the Vice President’s desk and facing tbe assembled multitude of Judges, Senators, Cabinet Ministers, diplo matic officers, Generals, Commodores and Admirals, he commenced that inauguration speech, lor which be has been and. will be tamous. Mr. Lincoln had by. this time arrived, and was sealed with ms back to the Vice President. He was dressed neatly nod plainly. In black, and held his bat in one band and a little roll of manuscript containing his Inauguration speech, so soon lobe delivered, In tne other. With malice toward none, with charity to all, he sat there, apparently in deep thought, observed but not onserving. Mr. Johnson went on with his Incoherent speech. Wonder and aston ishment were changing to dlscnst in the g»l-| leries and on the floor. Vfhat aUed the; speaker was no longer a secret- ,A*“o pro*| ceeded Mr. Lincoln became painfully con scious of the actual state of affairs. Once behalf turned in- his scat to look at Mr. Johnson, but instantly resumed bis former position, and, placing bis hat upon the floor; and his' inaugural inside of It. he. half hurled • his -face In his right hand, as if In mortification, and. chagrin. Presently Mr. Johnson came to the plebeian part of his speech. He had already; told tbe torelgn ministers that he was a ple beian, and that he thanked God for It: when; turning his head and facing Chief Jostlce, Chase, who was seated to his right.-be shook bis finger at him and exclaimed, “I tell you. Mr. Chief Justice Chase, that yon get all. vonr powers from the people,” with a; tremendous emphasis on the last word. Tncj effect ol this, win, if anyihlng, worse than that of the exclamation offdroaaeff to the cold-laccd plenipotentiaries from abroad: for Mr. Chase, In his Judicial robes, looked more like on old Human Senator than on American Judge, and bit air and counte nance. never democratic, was then more Corlnlsnns-like than ever. Hla gravity was not disturbed oven by tills strange reminder of Ibo Vice President. 4 _ The Cabinet officers were sewed to the left of the chair, and turning to them Mr. John son addressed to each, by name, the remark: he had lust made to the Chief Justice, dwel ling with particular stress on the word/wpfr, and pronouncing it with a thick.and confused utterance that of itself betrayed his nufbrtu. natc condition. Having advised Seward and I Blanton of tbc source of their power, ho was t rapidly ” swinging the circle” of the Cabinet when he tripped on the name of tbc Sccreia- I ry of the Navy. “I say to you, Mr. Secre tary”—a halt—a dead stop—and. then a whisper to. if I recollect aright, the Assistant . Sergeant at-Arms, who was seated at bis left, ■‘‘Whit’s the name of the' Secretary of,the Navy?” ”Welles,” waa replied totio voce, by .three lor fonr persons In , the -immediate -vicinity, and bo pro ceeded, repeating' the unfinished sentence, and giving Mr.Wellesthe samesolemn warn ing be bad bestowed on the others. I shall never forget the look and action of. Mr. Lin coln at this moment. Mortified all along. , be was scarcely able to conceal this last and most humiliating episode of the day’s dis grace. He moved -la bis seat, was about to turn wholly round and lookat Mr. Johnson, as If unwilling to believe the evidence of bis ears, but he checked himself In the act and resumed his former attitude. His souse of relief, when, after a few more Incoherent sentences, the Vice President retired, was apparent to the entire audience. The man most to be pitied daring the ceremony was John W. Forney. Knowing fhll well the condition of Mr. Johnson, he had used bis best efforts to conceal that knowledge from the assembled magnates of the Old and •New World In the Senate Chamber. Betook a seat on the right of the Vice-President, and from the position I occupied in the repor ter’s gallery, directly over the Chair of the Senate, 1 could wUuces a little spectacle which was denied by the Secretary’s desk to all who were seated on the floor—Fornev tugging every now and then at the skirts of Johnson’s coat, ns (much as to say, “Sit down; don’t talk any more.” Tuc pnlis become more violent. Poor Forney was lo a terrible stole of embarrassment, which he vainly attempted to conceal br covering his (bee with Ida hands, turning from right td left, and resorting to all manner of oxpedi* cuts that suggested themselves. Finally the services in the chamber were concluded, and Johnson was, perhaps, the only iiioti present who did not seem to think that something very wrong had Uketi place* The procession (brined lufThe east whig, and the itmUgiltwilDt! of President Lincoln wad soon begun and ended* What a contrast be* IWeeb the lvr« “addresses!” Uni* allot 1 alt* scarcclt greater limn the contrast we now sea between the two men* ns wo uumpaN what wo know or them both. Thai alter* noon Mf. Johnson was “(akonciiargo of" by bis friend, Urn late Preston King. Mr. For* ney, and a lew others, who din wimt they could nip him, called in a doctor, and s«( lo work to restore him (o his norma) and healthy condition, Next day ha was quit* 111, ami, at Urn suuucstimi nr several lrl>ooL, was removed lo hlivep Hprluea, where ” old i Itiatr” nourished him and doctored hhu as last he could, am) under dm kind treatment he received lm soon recovered health and strength. 1 conversed wltt\ several Senators on the afternoon ol the fourth, about the proceed ings of the day, and 1 never talked to mcii so thoroughly filled with Indignation and dUgu&t. Mr. Wilson, of Massachusetts, expressed himself, after a heavy sigh, in this way: “Well, I don’t know what the Lord may have Id store (hr us, but it seems to mo he has brought us pretty low. We have neatly touched bottom to-day.” In u caucus of Republican Senators the next day, the subject was mentioned. Sev eral suggestions were made as to what waa best oud wisest to be done. Two or three were for direct impeachment; others lor a resolution of censure, aud it is worthy of re mark that the most Indignant man of tbo whole lot was Cowan of Pennsylvania. He denounced Johnson, more bitterly than any other Senator, bnt said It was useless to at tempt to do anything, and that they bad better just do the best they could, and make the best of a bad bargain. The caucus final ly resolved to do nothing more serious than pats a resolution prohibiting the sale of spir ituous liquors in tbc Senate side of the Capitol. This was done on the sth. PIRACY. Thrilling Narrative of an Attack upon au American Vessel by Chinese Pl* rates. Thb Yarmouth (Me.) Register publishes a letter Irom Mrs. Lucy J. Howes, wife of Cap tain Benjamin P. Howes, who (ell a victim to Chinese pirates, giving an affecting histo ry ot that tragical event, which occurred Sept ember 23, i 860: * We had supjier oh deck that night ahotit* Sis o'clock, and had just finished our tea and were walking the deck, when our atten tion was called to a small Chinese junk com ing directly toward us. She was soon with in speaking distance,and it was almost calm. The junk could sail when we couldn't make any procress. The Captain of the Junk hailed u?,* wishing to know where we were bound and if we wanted a pilot. By this time we began to mistrust his character, and, os they ranged up alongside, Benjamin (.Captain Howes) told them to keep oft' or we would blow them out of water, all to no purpose. Benjamin and the mate found their pistols unloaded and useless, and just os they got on deck again the pirates were boarding us and throwing their stink-pots. Benjamin told me to go below, and I did os he directed. Carrie was lying down on deck. I called for, her, and Benjamin rushed up Just in time to save her, -for os he came below the shots were Hying about his bead. The pirates, to the number of ten I should think, now rushed into the cabin upon us, and demanded gold and opium. IVe were terribly frightened. Benjamin told the mate it was of uo use to’ fight, for they would overpower us and kill nil bunds.; The pirates said if wo would not tight they would not hurt us. Benjamin told them there was no gold or opium on board, and J (old them the same, and they seemed to pay i more attention to me than to him, because I whs so frightened, I suppose. . The pirates now became very much ex cited, searching every hole and corner In tire cabin. My trunks were turned inside out, and my room the same, and even the bed was torn all to pieces. They then threatened us uilh death if gold and opium were found on beard the brig. They Bald: ‘You spoakc lie, wo kill you all three.’ My nurse went forward babe In the outset. After a while the-pirates nil 101 l the cnhln and went forward and between (Ireks, to search among the cargo. We lino a Chinese cook and steward, and It seems they IdHtcd with them, ibr after a while tlicy come below again, quiet excited, demanding the gold, «tc., saying: ’You gut coolie man; coolie man say you got gold, von got opium—wo want.’ They repeated tbls demand two or three times. At thl« lime six or seven coollca and ttic head man, or captain ol the gang, came below. Two stood by me, one will) a drawn awurd In his hum), nml the other had his in the shoalb. Thu rest of the gang seized Benjamin and tried to force him on duck, threatening all the time to take his life. They did nut seem to want to kill him below. They stlurk him twice with ihu lint of their so oids ; stilt he resisted, and denied the ex islm-u of any gold in thu brig. Imm In told them them the satno thing. 1 hey now first at mo nml then nt him, then nt each other. I was drmdfniiy frightened* The man who slood bv me with his sword ULehenthed al* lemtdeit to draw tl and started toward Mon- Jnmln. ! started amt laid my bumf on it to stop him, bnl he turned upon mu very fierce ly, without sneaking, nml drew his sword. I tiow’liioughl It my best Plan to kooPiinioV, hut I believed my Interfomico saved PI" life for the time being, buto my (imlt wlul a frurfbl night I We uore gmirdad all the time by a man with a drawn sword at the cabin door, so there uns noclianeo of esenpe. If I could have got out I would have jumped overboard rather than run Um risk of being cut to pirn-*, ns wo expected to bo. Thu pirates, helped themselves to anything they wauled lu the cabin, such as what money they could find, together with article* of jewelry, wines, etc, , Wo now were left unmolested for a couple of hours, I should think. We both sat on. the sofa with llltlo Carrie between ns, she asleep part of thu time. 1 asked Benjamin if lie thought we should have to go through , the same scene again. He answered that he could give me no courage, to the contrary.’ He did not seem to think they would kill mo and the children, at least, but we made up our minds to meet our fate and all go to-, gather. We both hoped to he shot, as that seemed the most mcrcllnl way of being kill-, cd. I could now see the pirates firing aloft, and hear i hem calling to the men to come down, and could dlstingush the second mate's voice. We heard them at work stowing their boats, but most of the pirates bad now left. Alter a while all was still, the firing ceased, but I could sec a few of the pirates about the decks. . , , .. At this time the man who guarded,the cabin door pointed a musket right at my head, I dropped U on to Benjamin’s shonl-, dcr, exclaiming, ‘They ore going to shoot cs after aIV C wo had begun to have a slight hope of-escape.) The cabin door swung; open now amt Benjamin said, ‘lt is our fate,! Lucy, and we mast meet it.' A few seconds After this one of the bead men came into the cabin and spoke to ns. He said they were, going away then jmd seemed very solemn.; I sat up and spoke lo'lilm, too, begging hlm. to spare our lives, but be paid no attention to mo, but went again on deck. Immediate ly, thereafter, there .was a shot. It was so near mv hood I thought I waa_ hurt. Carrie was crying, but I heard nothing from Ben-, jaroin. lhad almost fallen, but this fcet re-, called me. -I looked at Benjamin and found, he was dead. He never groaned or moved a muscle. I took his pulse to see if any life remained, and just then one of the pirates came down. I dropped on Benjamin’s shoulder and let the blood flow over me, at. the tame time holding down Came, for I fancied he had come to despatch ns. I lifted mv brad and told him to shoot me. He lighted a small piece of candle and sat it within a few inches of my head on the table <l believe he thought me wounded) and then went cn deck. ' . . The thought now flashed across my mind that' Carrie was alive, and for her sake I: ought to live, so I blew out the caudle andj dropped down on Benjamin’s bosom, holding. Carrie, and hushing her under my breath all’ the while. I saw no more of them. Bathe fore leaving, one ot the pirates threw a block of wood weighing six pounds in at the: window, which struck Carrie’s head, and hit me on the side. Carrie’s head was badly| swollen and discolored, and my side erahly bruised. It is a wonder the child was. not Willed. I fancy he meant to kill me, and as I kept so still, I suppose they thought' me dead. After this, I heard no more ot them. All was now quiet for a few minutes, • only Carrie was still crying. . Directly I Saw some one creeping cautiously around aft, and soon recognized the second mate. I took Carrie and went on deck, meeting him at the d- or. I told him the captain was killed, and asked him who waa alive. He answered, ‘Mr. Hall, the mate. Is dead, hut there are two men' beside mvsclf alive.’ My nurse. I learned, jumnrd overboard, but first laid the babe down by the capstan on the top.gallant fore castle. The nurse, I-suppose, was killed or drowned.” Scrtonft Railroad Accident* [From the Pittsburgh Gazelle, January 21. Tho express train going south on tho Pittsburgh * Erie Railroad, was thrown olf the track at about four o’clock, on Tues* dnv afternoon about two milts south of Pu luekl, and six miles north of* New Castle, Lawrence County. The train was behind time and was running foster than usual to recover lost lime when It was thrown ou the track by a rail which tno frost had sprung. Two crowded passenger cars were tlitown some ten or fifteen feet down an embankment and completely overturned; Bpccdy efforts were made, and tcij sooa the employes had succeeded in knocklnz opes* ligs Into the bottoms of tbe cars, thus gif* Ing lbo lmpri*oncd passengers an opportu-. nity to extricate themselves. It was found that no'ooehaa been killed, although every one had been more‘or less injured, some of them seriously. The most serious cose was that ol Dr. C. M. Dakc, of Rochester, New York, who was very severely cot about the i. bead, and had his right arm broken, besides receiving several other cxicrnal injuries. An old gentleman also received some very bad cuts about the head, and other injuries which are of a dangerous nature. He was insensible for a short time. A lady, appa rently forty-five years oi age, and o young lady also sustained seme severe Injuries. A little girl, about eight or nine years ol age, received boa oral Internal usuries, by befog .crushed. A gentleman who had been pre cipitated into the'brook, was rescued from drowning by one of tbe passengers. The .brakuuan ol the train was standing beside tbe stove when It went over the embank ment, and was very badly burned about the face ond body. The passengers were re moved to a- farm house, and subsequently went iu a freight tmln to New Castle, where those who were unable to proceed received medical aid at the Lawrence Hotel. A SCULPTRESS. Bllm'Vtaole Ream and Her Art Labor* [Washington Correspondence of the New York Citizen.) Winding through the,labyrinthine byways of the older portion of the Capitol, In a cool | classic ball trailed and roofed with Cray 1 sandstone, 1 enmo to a plain panel door, ] bearing the modest card. “Studio—Vlnnle | Ream.” A email enamel card below the ( above, Informs us that there Is “no tulmis sion until 3 p. in.,** and at that hour 1 made mv cull. 1 found the witching little artiste lumber linsey-woolsey working powu/lnlnul upon a dcslguln clay. Tiny, pink Dimers, capable an! expert In touching swcelest mel odr upon harp and ptano-furlo. were tuatilp ilalltig the plastic clay Into a design uf out 1 ate President. Peering util from beneath clip raven Isphes, she espied yoUt* humble blinder, and In him nn old, sincere frleml> With purest simplicity ami ease she gPeeied met I was haltered atid surprised, fur i had seen puliip the rounds of the press (he follow* lug hmUniiHiit uoMlp cnucerulmr Mias Iteam, trout the pen of Mrs. PwissMm, vix, i “ebetsiijmMfißeUl.Mmm twenty \ hw fin'y hcsii sluflyii e Iwi' an a lew ntmnli. \ never, made s sishis i bn? some piMm on eiOdmihm in ike csinio), Infiumno li*»r own, mlnu* eloiMna io he wßlit i mw a inny bice, with a nirmnn noae. hrlahiPlscßcyp, loihfrt«rk and niemy o) I lit hi | wears if jncker list slid Rfioml dad nf Jaw* eliyi »er» nil the membera sfthsir Innal’ipa nr ilia ricepiHni mom ai Hie ritjiholi nryes her ildbrte mienily ana couiilavny j nu m inu nailer, lea In aconaplcibma position and Inker moai be wluhtnK drcaa, while Ihoau fUnns are diacuaaud on the door, and node and smiles as a member rises and dmlvcrs his opinion on the inarlra or the rate, v ilh the air of a man aiding for bla pictnru; ai d to ike carries the day over Powers, and Or«w foid, and lloatnor, and who noi 1” Here’s one long sentence and one length cned slander, wliii Just sufficient accidentally expressed truth to {'lre it the merit of a falsehood worth contradicting. Truly she has “ a pretty face, bright black eyes, long dark curls and plenty of them,” “ urges her claims fluently and confidently,” ” and so she carries the day over .Powers, and Craw lord, and Hostner, and who not!” But the statements that she never made a statue, has herself Id plaster ou exhibition In the manner stated, wears jewelry, went to sec the Conpicssmcn at their lodgings, or sits in the gallery and nods assent, are a tissue of errors. The fact is. Miss Beam is a vivacious, bright, intelligent, ambitious little woman, full of enterprise, pretty and attractive, be cause she has a warm heart and judicious head; and only those without a single attri bute of uersonal perfection, who are mad dened with bitter envy, indulge In such in vidious remarks. The petite artist took a special interest in showing mcaround. and making me—though not a conndkseur in the floe arts—led at home in ibejaldst of all her specimen pro ductions, aiuongwhich arc the Dying Stand ard Bearer, relief; bust of Dr. Sampson; bust of General Von Valbeoburg; group. Father and Family; Indian Girl, statuette; Violet, an ideal bust; bust of Lincoln; figure, Spartacus; medallion, Auiora; Miriam, relief ; medallion of Governor Yates, of Illi nois ; bust of Francis P. Blair'; Twin Sb- Macs. tere, life size croup ; WaterNympbs, group: ( medallions of Senaror Nesmith, Governor | Morchcad, Green Clay Smith, and General \ Rollins, of Mo., busts of Thad. Stevens, \ Reverdy Johnson, Senator Sberman ; medal- , lion of Miss Williams, of Pa.; sketch ol , General Giant, modelled from a photograph; busts of Hon. Mr. Ross, of III.; Mr. Voor liccs of Idd.; General McClellan, Horace Greeley, Colonel Boudluot; medallion oi ( Minerva, &c. The Lincoln Monument Association of this city proposes to erect a statue of our late President iu trout of the City Hall, and the committee arc preparing to examine designs. Among a dozen competing artists the name of Hiss Ream appears as the only fema’e, and she lias executed a beautiful and wonderfully life-like design in plaster, which she purposes submitting. Congress having appropriated SIO,OOO toiler last session for her genius, skill ond handiwork In a statue of Lincoln for or n*iincnlatlon of the Capitol, it Is supposed her chances arc good for securing the honor of cxecmlng tho one for this city also. In tho spicy metropolitan letters of *• Ken tnekienne,” to the Louisville Courier, I re cently observed, the following tribute to the beauty aud genius of a Western girl: “lam not given to writing of the people whom I mi'ct, especially those of toy own sex—l am nut a ‘man and a bvlcli’—but 1 bite bten so charmed with the lowly yoimgscuiptor, Miss Ream, that 1 cam ot iV-ttcar fpcaMuc of her bore. I’ul.lict’y the cannot avoid, for her tome Is thrust upon h»r. Hvr gci.l us will not permit her to tread the mired path Unit woman naturally prefers, so I trust I shall tie pardoned for record ing n.y admiration. 1 have seen but one of hoc worts, an ideal bust; the head is oxanlMto, beautiful hi form, ard cxpresMvo of much noetic ihonebu She lias a studio iu the Capital's' Wa-bh.gtou, and there she bos taken -tu> her nbilling n'nce. Congress has given her a ten ' thousand dollar contract for a statute of Lincoln, i to he placed beside Ibe works of the great Craw- Teu l . Mio ts going soon to Italy to pnrsno her work there. It Knowover. not alone lltoarllsl. . l.uLtho lovclvlUUc woman Itat has captivated me. Vinuic Ream Is a Western girl, from Kan ms, 1 believe. Her coidtal Western maimers won tucatouce, so different was she from these cold Not tv enters, who n«c always on stills. Great In terest is manifested In her at Washington. 1 am told, and lunch adralratton cxprCMoi for her genius, yet she Is entirely unspoiled and free from nfiVcintion. She darts In and out of the studios here, iUumlo’dlog them like a stray snobeim, ami looking like two of her own beauHCbl statues into winch tome modem Pygmalion has breathed inn breath of Illb. Iter modest estimate or herself, l-cr inrnes* cntlitnLsiii andiiocltc li'mperament, her devotion to her art, her fine spirits, combined vllb teal ttoodsenao and much culUvattun-for she tins read boohs to some purpose—moke tip a most Interesting nnrt attractive character, ara la ti«<r ftiiuro career busts nf friend* mil watch her with (ntetcsl and pride.*’ Tills correspondent 1* mistaken In tho place nf Miss Itonlii'a tmlWliy.. Tho ttl nlo of fake* nml prnlrie*, Wisconsin, lia* tin! honor nf giving it* this earnest specimen of true Yankee genius. _ TIIU CIIOLKHA. IlnintfPß ofilip|{i»ldrnilr in Nr\v York. Tlir ntimtiil tenurl of* tho Mulro|mlllun Jlontd of Health of Now York, entilnltis aomo lolereallotf Incto eoneorntiisr tin* cav* nyra of ('holm in that city l«»l yoitr. Hu* huon tho lira id Mitv and the lust day of Novi’mhrr, I.tiPJ t-orsona dlul of M nlhM'ho. lira in Ihn idly of Now York. Tho Hoard timho (ho follnwniu coneliodoiia: ••Ttmfc Una Aslu'laamhufl appeared lit varnma place* |p the rntr* of N«w York and Ihoiilriyn, In M’Httoudai,d widely rtUlftiil hu-allllm, for some lime pluvious to duly 10; and that, aa early as .liino rt, it m«ntf«w(fl'l ft tendency (o spp'-arln uioupa and a* » "hiniio eptrtimile,” even wlmre there existed no other discoverable cause th&n ilia taluratefi clothing and the nrdlouftirtrn excre. n.enla of the coolers ate« 5 and. that at an early period in Jnly t there oxlsioa Ip New \ork aud CrooUyn certain well marked cholera nelde, In which the vims ot the epidemic apjtean* to have Meconv* lu iorae msneer, tired lu tho toil or In the local alnicephero of thore nelphborhoods. 2. Hal nt liber ttao"hoora epidemic” nor tuo chcleia fields were Invariably tho»>e In which ftea tic or common “summer cholera” was moat likely to occur, end that the pronplnir of case*, and the particular places of ottlnrea*. could noilttvambly he accounted for upon the hypotuesl* ot local otlcm and relfproduccd or domestic causes, ihtesh the pre«cnce of recognised collateral or tocetixins conditions t*at favored thepropaiatlou of ibe bad few exceptions; those except tloiißworeelpnlflcantand importauu 0. That In hom»ea and localities where well-, marked first cases of cholera were cot promptly ceaud by local cleansing and specific dlslnloc-; lion, cholera soon gained a lootbold as a local ep idemic. ana that we bare found no largo group or fatal cases In which this was not tfncj wmle in a great number ol instances, where was prompt and and adequate, the arrest of cbolt na in tbe very worst idealities and the wore*, bocrcs populations was immediate and Qua..- 4. "XbatmSGs houses where Individnilpersons or families were smitten by cholera, but which wei c promptly brought imuer full samtanr contrcl by disinfection andlocal linriQranon. tho pesti lence old not extend beyond tbe family in which the first case occurred. ...... 5 That ovcicrowdire,badventllstioo, dampness atd filth ofapartmtnts, dwi lling bouses, together with neglected water-dosets, common prides, do* •mettle ncclect, street filth, and ocfrctlve drainage vtiotbe chief localizing conditions of tho epi demic wherever » spread rapidly or remained oh* about one half olall the victims ofchol* cra who reached the cold atage died, tmd that no tnHbod of medical treatment seemed to have aav positive curaUve cficctnpon cholera In 7. Thar every Important outbreak of the epi demic efi’eaing more (nan one person or family; seems to have been preceded some day*, or mora than twei tj-four nor.r?, by a first case, or ®. group of cases of cholera or choleraic diarxboia In the bouse bribe immediate locality. ' fi. That In most Instances where a £r-t case of cholera was, from any cause, left to coniaminsle a i loul common privy, a damp, porous or Hithy aoiU or a-crowdsd and filtby honsc, wlcbon* thorough c la Infection roos applied, other cases wllowod. 1 Croeittnc toe Atlantic In an Open Boat! Tbe'fiimous yacht race In which Mr. J-G; Bennett, Jr., lias won so much distinction is completely the feat of Captain Josiah Shackford, of Portsmouth, N. H-, in the last century, the particulars of which are recalled by the Portsmouth Journal, as Mulberry street, on the southj side of State street, stood the manslonhoasq of Madame Eleanor' Shackford, built by her father, Nathaniel Mcndatn, probably aa early as I*oo. She was twice married, and .olthongh she lived to the advanced Mdof Vh years, she died in .the same room Idi which she was born, and never lived in house. By her first husband. nomedMar-* .ball, .be bad tour one of them . .was Rtandmolber to tbe late Colonel John N. , Her vounircst (laucbter, Deborah, never left , her. s l™y ko P l ne|ro alave. aa-vva. the cna^ tomln those ileys—the namca of the three were Adam Marcer and Bess. Adam lived] *o*o° VCIJ- old, and one day -while left alone he fell In the Ore and waa burned to death. After Mr. MhrshaU’a death the -widow mar ried Josiah Shackford. Ho had one son then absent nt aca, Captain Josiah Shocklord, Jr, When be returned borne, he sought the resit dencc of bis father. Ho met Deborah at the door. As soon as he saw her be fell desperately In love, end determined In his mind to make her his, wife, but on inaklr.a a declaration, she refused him, say ing she bod no heart to bestow, as hors was engaged to another. Ho, however, persisted inhls suit, declaring; she was the one win) was raised up before him by an .astrologer m Europe, and ho should marry bar or nobody; She being naturally or ah amiable ana coal dtscendlng disposition, llko •& dutiful child took her parents* advice -and married him. Alter they had been mamed several years, he wanted her to .remove with Wm to Now York, as that was 'the port he always sailed from and returned to, sat she refused to leave her aged mother. - -Without making known to Her his Inten tions, be left bis wife and Portsmouth, and was manyyearaabsent. maklrg no comma ideation*- io his connections here. In the Essex «7ourno; and Jfeto Hampshire Pariei, of May 2,1787, wo find the following announcement, related by a gentleman at New York, “from such authoriSp as puts the truth oflt quite out of dispute’*: “A Mr. Sheckimd, some time since? from Pis* cataqua, having the misfortune of dltcoutcnt with hla wile, he left that place for Surinam. On hla arrival tbde he left the vessel he mat iailed la, md took the command o( one (or Europe, tie performed his voyace and gave such wUalic- Uoi. to hia owners," that they lave him a cutter hmlteloon of about fl:ieen lona. WUhherhe ra turned to Surinam alone, after a passage of thirty, fire days. When be arrived there, the novelty ot the expedition exclud nonaoal surprise, so far as to Induce the Government to take notice of the . fact. Suspicion prevailed of Us having dealt no tably by the people who were suppo»ed to bare cone out ultn him. But he produced hla papers and Journal, and pro-ed hla Integrity sour to the Eallafaction of nls examiner* that they permit ted him to take Brother man on board and pro ceed to Ft. Bartholomew**, wbero ho arrived to safety, atd now follows the coasting business from that uWd." tVe have understood that the place In Eu rope which ho left was Bordeaux, in Franco. The vessel appears to have been a personal gift to him. He engaged a man to accom pany him, who, becoming fearful when he put to sea. Jumped on board the pilot’s boat, and left Captain Shnckford with no other companion than his dug. He was a man of too stern material to tarn about, so he under took the voyage ol three thousand miles alone. What a resolute spirit 1 See him on the hols* tcrous mld-nccan, olone in his Utile bark, a thousand mUcs from any land—without a human being to consult wheu awake, or to aid In keeping watch while ho slept; with out a ham! to aid When the storm beat about him, and his little boat is hid between the mountain swells I With nti eye on the I pass, a hand on the helm, and a Drill trust In * Providence, on he goes Ibr Dve long weeks, 1 witnessing the muott puss lulu Us full, Us several quarters, and ftillKig againi before he ! eatnc In eight ortho laud fbr which he Was steeringl this nnpflrnUcled ftdt ho stiecessfully ac* cumpllshed—the statement uf which* how* ever, was nut readily believed by the south Americans, To move bis statement, he wai reutiM to tflkenls vessel down the harbor nr ptithium alone, and bring U in again, This exhibition was so saMsmeturily made, that bis story received credit, but uietlov* erutneut was miCfuUy eaiUtteo until a return was made from Europe eomUmims ids stale* meiit, nome year# after be returned to Ports, mouth, nut up at a hotel, and In the after* noon eafted on hla wife, look (a» with her, in the evening returned to hie hotel, end the next morning left again, never to return. Hu was next heard of in Ohio, where he purchased a large tract of land when that State was almost a wilderness, laid out a township, and in commemoration of ths place of his blrih called U Portsmouth, He erected mills and stores, and built several houses. Ho lived alone, except* log a boy, and never would sutfer a woman to enter hla house, having his washing and sewing sonfout and brought homo by his boy. His wife, after her mother's death, offered to go and live with him. She wrote him seven! letters, but received no answer. Ho wrote to his nephew, in Portsmouth, and aatd if ho would come out and settle there, be would make tiro his heir. The late Samuel Shackford, of this city, about forty years ago, went and visited hts uncle, but relutncd. not liklo wcT enough to removo there. At bis death be left his property to strangers. lie died something like thirty years ago, over eighty years of age, Hying to see his town, so beantimlly situated at the junction of the Scioto and Ohio rivers, become a place of note and the chief counsy town. He was a studious man, Intelligent, but of an eccen tricity which, to some minds, bore marks of insanity— but those who recollect him in Ohio wlll f *not allow that he was any other than a saue man. He was probably con viuced.that astrologers’ sayings should never have an Influence In the selection of a wife — and bis wife doubtless was satisfied that tho heart which was held by another should uot be bartered even by parental influence. Terrible Pent* Experiences* ' [From the New York Times.) 1 The experience cf Saturday was repeated 1 ot all our ferries yesterday. The East River ! was tilled with hnce cakes oi ice, that ran in or out with the swift-moving tide, interruot* lug regular travel, InconvemcnclagaUuuUrvd thousand men. and causing anxiety to titty thousand families. The Fulton Ferry, ut live o’clock on Saturday afternoon. New Yorx side, as one cxomplc, and, as another, the, * same retry, Brooklyn side, yesterday, at ten In the forenoon. In the former Instance, not less than live thousand people, of all ages, sexes and conditions, stood in and about the, ferry office for hours, watlng for an opportu-' nlty to cross. There were strong, rude, roach men. who thought It rare sport to push harshly through the throng, stepping on toes, punching ribs, bustling tho weak and bullying the timid ; there were ladies, with babies in their aims, frightened, tired, pale with anxiety, and entirely unprotected; there were gentlemen who stood shoulder to shoulder with drunken hic-conghing brntes, and others who were eager to return to sick families at home ; there were old women bent with age, uncertain in eye or foot, who shared the general discomfort and were push ed rudely aback by a gang of halt-grown men, who made a perfect pandemonium of the ladies’ room—in other words, there was a vast crowd of sufferiug humanity waiting the pleasure of the ferry managers. No boat came, aud hours passed slowly along. The chilly wind cut through the crowd, making every mio uncomfortable. The men stamped, hurrahed, sung, whistled and swore: the women boro up bravely, but wilted with fatigue: and the children added to tho general chorus by ween lugs atid wailings, and useless petitions. In the mean time the money-takers sold tickets: the place became dargerouMy crowded and Hie managers of tho tlirry Company enjoyed their warm dinner on the Brooklyn side. In u few horns an at tempi was made to get across. The ice-cukes that had swunu into tho slip had, nf course, frozen to each other, making a huge mass of thick bulwatk, through which U was next to Im possible to push. The oonts wore overladen, carrying, when they did go, lioiu twelve hundred to two thousand passengers. These were huddled together like sheep In » pen. There wore no provisions for possible danger or accident, and had any difficulty occurred, hud the boat taken lire, or littdono of tho tnighly Ice-eakes broken In the hull, every * man, woman aud child would have sunk as 1 sure ns fate. Attempt after attempt resulted 1 In failure; hi one instance wo saw a boat make the venture eight times unaue. I eessinlly, the next being the last. The trips ■ across varied In length from half an hour to i three hours. 4 . .... i In the meantime, n pleasant sight met r (he eyes of tho thytisands who suffered ut , hands of the company. A lUtlo tug'bo.U, r bribe price of liny cents per* man. easily, 1 safety, rapidly ami constantly carried p.t«- , sctigcrs to or fro without loss of time, wllh 1 very little trouble, aud without scrl ius in* convenience to herself or anybody else. Tin? .tMUMlmilloji of* TViuimiici? i/iiloii IMnlt* NfllHKir* Ttio NttsUvtUr /V<« mid Ttmt» of tlio I7Mi give* tlio following rtiMlM'untl pjrUeiilard t'OtUTrnlOK tllO MMMlMlHttlloM of Jl'lll. AiMlOtl ['mm*, n Irmlliitf Union member «nbe ion* luiM.-c Nulf eoimln; . , ... “Tim inurdorcr on tlie mhiio day dy*»»l hi* ImndM In (tiMilooil of two Union oUlMn*nl ohlnn C’omuv. Fmnk Kanls, Urn awmin, inuyonnmimn about year*[old, am) wan a near imigbbop of Senator Casa, llfn mother U a widow. Paring the rebel linn ho was a guerilla, being a member of a bnmlnammimiedhy bis older brother, Oliver KtmU, n notorious desperado. Oliver Farris, prior to tbo rebellion, had been a favor ite of Senator Case, who, having taken a deep Interest In bis welfare, as ho was wont to do In that of oil poor young men, had soot him to school, pat log hi* tuition, and furnishing him with books, clothing and funds. In al most all respects, Senator Case had treated the elder Farris as his own son, and even during the rebellion, took a deep Interest In blm and hoped to effect his reformation. Oliver Farris, however, committed so many atrocities, that ho finally fled the country, olthonch U is believed by some that he is still lurking In the neighborhood, directing the members of his troop in the perpetration of outioges upon Union citizens* “On the morning of the murder FrankFar rls rode into the town of Troy, in company ■with Moses Klnman, a Union man, convers ing in a seemingly friendly manner. In tuts way the two rode Into the public square, when Klnman observed Farris stealthily pre paring to draw his pistol, and suspecting his treachcrv. Instantly dismounted. As ho was ditmonniing Farris fired, the bullet catering his lower Jaw, ranging npward, cutting off. his palate, and corning oat at the other side' of ms head. Kinman was a)lvc at the latest account, but bis recovery was deemed !m-; possible. Farris then rode off toward the residence of Senator Case, with what sad re-, suit is already known. No effort was made bv any one to arrest him when be shot Kian man. .-In fact Farris appears tO| have chosen the most public place for the perpetration of his crime, feeling con-5 fident of popular sympathy In the murder of Union men in that locality! That the mur der of Senator Case was a well-known, and prearranged affair is evident from the arrival of the two confederates jost In time to give Farris aid If necessary, for his victim was a. stout, brave man, who would have been too mnch for him In a fair comest. ; “The outlaws of Obion County; and the ad jacent region have been committing outrages with impunity for a long while. The swampa of Reel Foot Lake furnish them a secure hiding place. A young manol, while on a recent visit to Jackson, was threatened with a mob fcr apeataog fajor abiv of General Sherman. A rebel boasted not long since that there were 1,700 men or ganized to prevent theenforceraent of Brown low’s laws in West Tennessee.” Parisian Toys. [Paris Correspondence of the New York Tunes.] Tbe festal season which attends the coirU Ingin of the new. year U sure to develop some hew toy or some new amusement for the little ones. This year we have more es-- peclally the historical doll, a costly loutou, varying in price from SBO np to S3OO. Tho little women in perspective, you sec, arojast as costly as their mothers. Aifew years ago thc'talklng doll at S3O was considered a lax-; ury only lor tbe few; now .the little ones, - emulating the crescendo tastes of their moth - ers In the matter of cosily • toilette, discard the talking and more. common dolls of tho •last years, and must hsmr a two-foot Mario Antoinette, or Josephine, or Blanche of Cas tile, dressed In richbrocade and lace r such as the originals never saw.. Onlythlnk of such an education for future heads'of families I; brought up to plsy with queens and brocade, silks and lacesl We" begin to look already; with a pitying eye on the boys that are to stand the brunt. j The Boulevards and the great thorough-} lares ore studded this year as usual from end to end .with booths for.tbe sale of toys. If turned out lira straight lino there are mot®, than six ihllcs of them. , And this, too. In a ‘cltywhcrc there are few chhdico, ana but; few of iboeo few capable of than a franc piece for toys, if H a ®- American city, where children abound and. where money Is . more equally distribute* amobcall classes, one migot undoratandlt. Nevertheless If the poor people who efect these booths gala half a dozen Napoleons iiT tho three weeks they are allowed- to encum ber the highway, lh*y consider the enter nrl‘o as having succeeded, and everybody Is • rejoiced at their auececs. The toys tmsycar aed each snccessVve.year appear to became more useful aud less fantastic; -perhapa \i would be more correct to say that Iheyare ' no longer toys, but rather objects of necessi ty. There appears certainly to be less Inven tive geclus In this than a few years ago, and this y ear. for the first time, no American toy la cried Id the market. We have In-fact the Prussian■peedle-gnn forbovs. and a new ctrf vdant on the principle "of Nadar’s bull- ou. that Is to say, the principle of theplu* lourd gocTalr/but these are not, stricHy speak fmr, new Inventions. It Is a little smjrular I that, although tbe largest sale of small toys V takes place in France, the first toys were In vented in Nnremburg, and the, best of the later ones In America. But some of the old ones have been honored this year with new names. And thus we have bon-bons and boxes, and toilette articles called “Blsmark.” and “Theresa,” and “futilsa aiguille” and Inst and most astonishing of all wc sec In the windows bon-bons "Odeursde Paris.” alter lost hook. ‘ - MSASITY AM) SUICIDE. A Chicago Woman Poisons Herself with Arsenic. [From the Jacksonville (in.) Journal, Jan. 23. J Four or tiro months neo, a woman by tha name of Mrs. Rosalie Bluch, was brought here from Chicago, and left In the Insane Asylum. She bad been living with her bus* band and family In Chicago about a year, during which time one of her daughters was taken violently sick and lingered In great danger for several months. Mrs. Bloch was so concerned Add overtaxed on account of her daughters Illness that sbo lost her reason, odd became anxious to quit this world of sorrow and sullerhig. Attempts to dcMrov her own life, led her 1 bus* band and* friends Dually to bring her to the Insane Asvtiiin at this city* It sectns that the family were In slfo gUteheU circumstances, but anxiety to be near (lie wire and mother led the family, about two m«niHs ago, to come to {hts city, also, where Mr. lltnch hoped In ilild emplnvinelil. They tented rooms over Mr. Alien's grocery store, oiipoplle the rust Office. and coin* ineticed honsekeepitig. the family then con* slMtiigof Mr. UWh ami three children, a daughter, a young wuiintu, and the other two children being small. Not tong Alter coming to this city, Mrs. Hloch persuaded her huswu d, when he vl»ltcd her «l Urn Asslum, tp.a low her logo home with him. and Ur. MeittiUsmt coiweuving. ah* waa allowed to do so, hut was wcniTy waidi* nl hy the family. Mr. llloeh being a vinegar innlur. nod falling to get employment In thfa city, he vm* ohlfaud to seek umployr nmiit cUcwlmre, and having a mm in fit, Lm»U, he went to that city* Not long %u ter he left, however, Mrs, Bloch again her came melancholy, and In one nf these fits attempted her life by drinking alcohol. Dr. Lucas was called In, and soon gave the required relief, but iu u few duys she again attempted snlclde with chloroform, from which she was also saved by Dr. Lucas. It was then thought best to return her to tbo Insane Asylum, which was done. About I ten days ago Mr. Blocb returned borne, 1 and Thursday of Ixst'weck went to sec hU wife, who again begged him to allow bor to return home with him. On consulting with Dr McFarland on the subject, he was told that if he took his wile away Iu her present condition, he could not expect to get her into the Asylum again, and with this under* standing Mrs. Bloch returned borne with her husband. Monday, about three o'clock, Mrs Bloch managed to get out of the house unobserved, and. it seems, went immedi ately to Dr. Hatch's drug store, and rep resenting that she was • greatly annoyed with mice. purcha«cd ten cents worth of arsenic, and then returned home. The daughter, finding that her mother had been out, feared that rhe might have pro cured poison, aud managed to search her pockets, hot finding nothing, gave the mat ter no further attention. In the evening the family remained together, Mrs. Blochsilting up and sewing until about ten o'clock at night, when she and her daughter retired to bed in an adjoining room, leaving Mr. Bloch still rending,..who soon went to bed on a lonnse in the dining room. 'About twelve o'clock Mrs.B. bad occasion to get up, and soon after showed signs of ill health. Her husband inquiring as to her sickness, she attributed it to beef broth she had catca for supper. She complained of nausea, and began to vomit, aud soon after to purg ing. The daughter was aronsed. and ottered to make some tea for her mother, which the mother refused. She was then asked if she had not taken poison, hot she denied it. and not until three o’clock in the after part of the nlcht did she acknowledge to her bas eband that she had taken poison. She then, admitted that she had got arsenic at a drug stoic onihe west side of the square, and that she bad taken It. It seems a lltilc strange that the family did not immediately arouse the neighbors and have medical assistance sent for, but no effort was made to procure help until 5 o'clock, and then Or. . Lucas «as sent for, and being unable to go immediately, sent a prescription, and be tween 7 and 8 o'clock In tbe morning called to see the woman and found her about dying. Dr. Prince was sent for about this time, but we believe the woman was dead before he arrived. Coroner Samples was promptly notified, and soon empauncled a jury of ttilrtecn men, who, about eleven o’clock, proceeded # to hold an Inquest over the dead body, and after cllcltiugall the facts wo have detailed above, rendered the following as their ver dict : “ That the deceased, Mrs. Bloch, came to her death from tbcclTects of poison, be arsenic, taken by her for the purpose of producing death, while laboring turner a fit of temporary de rangement.” Tlie Feultttt Flats. IFrom the Cincinnati Commercial.] Miss Ellen. O’Muhony. who resigned her position ad a school toucher iu Chicago, that she might devote herself to the success of the FcnUiO cause, l« now encaged in writing tlie hiotnrv of tho organization for the Now York HciWjf AVtc*. Her revelations are made tinder tho suggestive title of “ Fenian Patriots at.d Blunderers,” the plunder ers. bv her account,, being Iu the majority among the Icmlcra of the organization. In her last chanter she relates some Instances nf the methods |o which the Fenian orators ip*«-rtcd to keen up cnUiuelttrtn ami expee tatton of the deluded masses uflhclrcotimry- ' ‘•CnrrlMlatwr by the wilds#! rdthualum. iha inosl ahemo alatHne’tia wm* applauded. wen while wp could tint nt nil credit them. Tho biond- ,• cst rmggrrath'i'S received lint our ee"surp~wero not • vrti crim-f.'Mi To show bow olirn iniMialo turiite wnere»orfefl to at those moorings, the hit* Inning meo elves sumo Idea 1 m tm . “The mooting to which I ailudo wav over/ Inrffpnne. At That limp olhorii.'wero raaHln'MiTTt'NTOllnua to *si»iko »d MonMnJfor® the New Veer. Stephens had told them stilllclrtit • nsrlslacco « ottld he pent Ilium, (ml Hlephtiaa told Hup on hi* emu rcapotulbilMy. * * • AUht* tiipeiiftiMio *rvpr, elnt|iio»i* speakers Im- I»ipssiml nnoi* tho winds of Irhh peoplo !»r«Mnl {he duty IliPt nwi’d the pom, old Nnd. Tho tail meeker was a wily mat), mid of a certainly mil so titUtlouca* many otliora who had spoken les* elo nitPtillr. In (ho heal of nrunmenl. ami w*iihj iiHiriunif upon the sunjict of HMii*h stdo#* hohel-l np ielnfp Mm a h'ldi’d paper and raid r • ITiws l> Ip liil* imper which Dot ftU Ilia wrulmof Kea» W ponld (myl If IWOl* a (blush spy present* 1 !♦’!» him ihl» m til* ir«dh r , . ... " A tlorb Mlllucaa (ell upon the itniiHlug multi- HuJo. Tli>o ilia ni»?ooiro'jahta amdaitao liiirvl forth unill the lofty roof rolled back IW echo* to I asked Iha orator of Ihd mudi.p Mi show tm* iba pim*r rnntnlnintr m» Im noriaiiliiawa. It»»« m"«*ly r taleiirain anwfl* nt** ia»«» Irum hU pocket (or Ulurtra'lQn tl tan exciting tiioimmU” jTloreluitPa portrnli of Lincoln* To ihe Udllor of |lu> Chicago Tdbwnot In yom |«na of last Katorday appear* a very wordy corotnuulciillQn from Mr, •* A.,*’ er>ol*lo» Ing two Ideas, one relating fo ert In central, and one seeking to Imprtt* lh* tft*t Impoitauce of cei ilflcatcs subscribed by notorious names to prove the excollcjico of «»pruvlctf«. ld«a number one la (Ms queer proportion, that the arllst produces Uie test pliiurc who baa the moat favorable op portunity; and strange ioglccome* of l». Otmlo* haa lo climb down Iron* lila throne. Opportunity mounts to (he poldeti *eat; Tor Mr. •*C. A. so wills it. Iradtocrity may now hod bU laurels. Let it be nroclatmed to tho hoys lo athonaand »cbool houses; for is not Webster's Dictionary in every B'ndcrt’j* chamber, and fa there no* In that book any number of Poe's •• Havocs!” Opporta ni y—srquill, midnight oil, ink, paper, and some body to bold the quill—will bring the . wild acrecchirg bird oat of the book and net It on Iho bust of Pallas. Perhaps Mr. “C. A.” will give the world a Hamlet. He has a oettor vocabulary tban Sbakspeare had; and that Is all there Is in the pliy of the King of Seamark me a little pal try genius. Stuart has painted probably the test of portraits Will • Mr. ‘‘C. A. r * claim ibat tho picture of Washington Is'the re sult of opportur. Dy, or the product of such qual tty of mind as this world is seldom graced with? We.faave always held that It is chiefly a product of t/dnd to paint or engrave a picture of the first class; and the real amstenw ate with ns. As to the u characters *’ coaxed from men afilidcd with notoriety, they arc »he taken for what .they aie wottU, according to the ability and Integrity of the certifier, Just as the merchant cantioualy scans the half dosen pocketsfnll of certificates which, some wstmenug book-keeper brings to bts count ing room. Some of them mean a deal and some mean ntdblng. . ’’ , . . . Just here Mr. C. A. Informed, for ho docs not seem to know, that the engraving con cerame which he publishes ao many certificates. Is not by the much adulated, over-estimated Car penter but by Halnin, who stands neither In the flratnor second rant of American engravers; while Marshall Is not only a first rale painter, whose nottrailsb&TebeenadmUteutothe French Expo eiocn and greatly praised by the best coxmoia ecius or Europe, nut an engraver of surpassing cenlus. Be spentnearly two years In careful study and elaboration of spure Hue frost Stuart's painting, and the result Is acknowledged to be the btsl portrait of Washington nest to the original. Andnou from his o<m painting he has given us bis masterpiece, it Is a Hue engraving, Slatfj, In a style heretofore thought 1 by our en gravers to belmp r -s -lble. Kot a half doxen artists in Europe would have undertaken ao large and so difficult a portrait in Ure,th** only method, how ever, wbiai fan be culled artistic, for stipple en eravlngis donemostly by machinery and adds, and is at best a cheap a&ir - To faithfully compare the two portraits, they should he seen upon the some wall. Marshall's ? net arc Is pul In a bark Mckgronnd, with the face it up in all that living glow which the line Im parts to features. Halpln’ahas the lesdsn look, insepa abie from the stipple,- which represents raiber the cead than Ihc living expression, Mar shall has given all the grace ol position, while ITalphi seems to prefer an awkward aratude. , Marshall allows tho Imir to droop in natural un combed ease from the pari on the left side over - a rather square and retreating forehead to the right ear, which is partly bidden from view. Hat pin has ffiilfdto'rcprtrertbutiv It-looks more like bristles from an 010 bucking brash, while It is - mecbanicslljr clipped so as to expose an ugly car in -bold relief, which does violence to truth by being well sfujfof tcvA trriof. The dwtaaceof the balr from the brow elves the appearance of partlal balaness oardcn- • fatly at the part on the left side.. The forehead is conspicuous in- high- rotundity, with gnat breadth above the temples, which is Cure art. Marshall gives lore sunken rteoM «»J«o» pro truding chin than are seen la But li» ttc eyes there is most dlllereuoe, Mar— sLall has succeeded in rfvmg *[»**{«;?*%•“““ thoueolful sadness which Is the pre vmlingMpreMlon. Balpm depicts sadness; E»|. flin njecpy sadness; and the eyes arc o*£ of Scat*, oao looking earthward like HuroboldCa toad. Still more. thcn'cA vf the erupts portrait iarvoll'ti. The artist unnecessarily leaves aa nnsfchllv gap between thebeavd and collar, which hcflfls up with a goitre. The shading of Hal pW’s portrait suggests a sky light. This is con cihdeumore pmicularij from tha sootv snbstmce an Ihc bosom lust below tho cravat. Let soy per era who wishes ro test the more apparent toalta olihecliein picture living before Udlslntorcstal ■" that cm tkoso eyes, tho neck. Ac. We venture hSUtac ??utot a honored wnl immediately ur thcro I? wool In the ear and the neck I* swollen. Po nearly eSfiy one will find the deformity of tho eves, but not every one will Imow precisely tho defect Ihc bilk about * Uncoln being ccarie, simply pnbtlshcs the stupidity of tho nlcmres are on exhibition at Ko. BT Wash ington suaau Cbtcasu, where the public are ln yiicd lo caU and compare them. AM%OSm