Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 27, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 27, 1867 Page 2
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Chicago tribune. DAILY, TBI-WF£KLT ABD WEEKLY. OFFICE* Ke. 51 ChAKH-ST. edition*of tteTaxncwa Ut. ▼err rnorelnv. circulation br carrier*. newtxea and Use wall*. Tfce Tu-Wroxv, Mot»d*7*. Wed- Mvuri ud Friday*, for the mall* «olr; lbe naThnrtdjjm. Bar the tcofll a*4**le»*ottr counter and hr newraeo. Term* *f the Chtcaae Trlbaeet D.U! ***** tn out «V. IJg i*2.00 5:88 jjr- pncttosal parti of the year at the tame rates, rw- rmesi malting and ordering live or more corir* of either the TH-Weekly or Weekly edition-, cay trials tea per era* of the satoortpttoa price os a comtalwiotu • hones to stbscsib***-—in ordering the addreu ot yncr [tpm fhansrd, to prevent delay, he tore and »rrdfy wbat edition you take—Weekly, Tri-Weekly, or hotly. Abo. clveyoarrassSNTaodfntureaddres* CW’itarry, byßrCUßxprtu, Money orders, orth Bcrirt/roJ Utter*, msrbesmtatoartlsk. TRIBUNE CO* GhlCMe. 111, SUNDAY, JANUARY 27. ISS7. THE .SENATE TARIFF BILL. It seems probable that the Senate will pas* tbe tariff bill now pending, which Is, in Its main features, the same os tbe one passed by the House last session. The alterations made by the Finance Committee, which were generally Improvements, are being rapidly eliminated, and by the time the bill get* throuch the Senate and the Conference Committees, it will be as bad as It was In the loginning, If not worse. (The lobby have turned their batteries on Senator Fessenden, urd have beaten him one or two rotes.) The re arc not six members of the Senate who do not believe, in their hearts, that the bill Is morally wrong, that It Is economically a Murder, and that It Is fraught with extreme thinker to the Republican party. Wc make the statement upon our responsibility, that the cumber of Senators who bcllcrc that the till! Is right, and that It ought to pass, dees not exceed *(*. Yet they are goaded on to passing U by nn importunate and merciless lobby, whom they hare not the cot'tagclo mist. There ore a few Sena tors, who sincerely believe that a probtbl- (ion of foreign commnee la Ihc gtcot desid eratum of tills country. Th'-y would cMpy the commercial system of Paraguay ami -Inpnn If (hey could. They believe that the smeal wnv lo get rich and powerful Js to Unlit oir the bounties which Divine I'tovl dmceliHf bestowed upon other lands, and pMidnee them at homo at.thrco times the i. fi. Tbr«o plilloiophers would refusa to Miy woo] from Honth America Itettuisr It h so ./ The Soulh Americans and Booth Af. il. iio* cite us ten pounds of wool for a do|. I«r. "No," says Congress, "wo want only "two pounds of wool for a dollar. “Wr me fur protecting home Industry." lint Hi" bouih Americans take our produce in | n> nienl for their Wool, stul If we cense to mm their wool they ccaso to take our pro. dm r. For n barrel of flour they will give us, *«t, m.e hundred pounds of wool, To pro* irrt American Industry Congress enacts that tbe A met lean producer shall not exchange Ida i mrei ol flour for one hundred pounds of ooid, but shall exdmngo It for twenty p..nnd-. tbo American producer of flour > < bc.di d out of eighty pounds of woo), bold, n losing u valuable customer In South America. Hut this la not all. In order to prot.i t American industry fn tho mannci d< MTibed, It becomes necessary to raise the piU-et! of clothing four time*, when we raise the price of wool once. To get a dollar away from the rightful owner, and into tbo pocket of the wool grower, we must tirst throw four dollars into the sea. Tbc woollen manufacturer docs not want tbc tariff on cloth 'lncreased, miloFo tbc tariff on wool Is to be raised; If the latter Is raised, however, he must have tie prices of ills goods raised In the proportion of/.»*<r ■cents per pound on cloth for everyone cent per pound on Vool. And then the Iron mengers, and the salt boilers, and the glass blowers, end the cotton spinners, and every other interest that has a monopoly under existing laws, or wants one created, comes racing at the heels of the wool and woollen men ; and the net icsult Is a bPI to rob the American people of tame hundreds of mil lions of dollars, and to give tbc Onlshlng blow to our already crippled and declining commerce. If such a bill passes Congress, wo -hope Andrew Johnson will veto it, and if be vetoes It, we shall certainty sustain that veto. More than this, we shall point out every par* tlctilor item of knavery In the bill, and so far as we arc able, show bow It came to be there. Such a bill, If It passes, will cling to the Re publican party like a shirt of Kessns. The paralysis which It will Inflict upon the in dustry of the country win bo keenly felt lion. "We have now a tariff averaging fiTty clghi per cent in gold on all dntlahle goods. The cost of evcrthlrg that the American con sumer buys of foreign production (or of American production if tbc article is piolectcd by the tariff) Is flfty-eigbt per cent l ibber, on tbc average, than nature and tbc lav sof trade would make it. Bence tbc American consumer must charge 13 fly-eight percent more for his labor and products than they arc worth to makj himself even. But other countries, wHch have gone through the folly which prevails in Paraguay and Ja pan, transact business on the basis of buying aud selling things for exactly what they are worth. Hence they undersell us by fifty eight i>cr cent, and drive us out ©rail the markets of the world, and cover the seas with a piospcrous commerce from which we have bpen excluded by our own stupidity. Our trade with South America has fallen to one-sixth of its former greatness, lo the in jury of every “home.industry” that pro duced anything which entered Into that trade, and now Congress Is preparing to blot out the remaining sixth by putting a pro hibitory tariff on wool. Senator Grimes is right In saving that this bill will boa grinding burden onthcngricul tnro of tbe country. Every blow leveled at ronmicrce,ls a blow at agriculture. “ludlsso *' Uible bonds bind him who plows the land ” and him who plows the sea,” said Daniel Webster In one of those ponderous sentences of Ids. Every imported article has to be paid for with an exported article. The American farmer is now paying for everything he buys City per cent more than it might lie had for, and suffering from a diminishing foreign market, which Con urns ] roposcs still further to diminish by a higher tariff. Meanwhile domestic manu factures In the aggregate arc not Increasing, the prices of goods being so people cannot buy them. And sUUCongrcse would moke them higher I Till! ITI9RISKIPPI IIRIDGBft. Ilu re was a time, but it lias been a great w hile since, when navigable streams were prelected hj law from alt obstructions. That was a lime, however, when navigable streams afforded exclusively the means of travel from one part of the country to the other. But the wrfrld has changed. Singe coaches that were employed to carry pas* veneers to and from the landing places and from one river to another, have do* parted : steamboats have been abandoned except lor slow freights, In nil parts of the country where the loomotlve has pene* trilled. Hirers, Instead of being the great highways nl travel, Invo really became nil obstruction to It,and that obstruction has been |»y Authority of law, and in obedience to public necessity, overcome by bridges. The Hudson hits been bridged 5 the Connoe* Hem Ins been bridged 5 llio Delaware lias bmi bridged ; tlm Hn*<|uobnm>A has bom bridged • (he Ohio has boon bridged, and the Mlaoiwdppl bn< bmm bridged, Kvary* where, Narlh and Houlb, Hast and West, the great Interests of the whole people bavo boon reeognlrcd an superior to the declining,though once cunt rolling Influence of riser navigation. Jiul llt In great change has not been aecom* plUlu-d by the destruction of any right or Interest in water communication. The right to bridge UlO rivers has been made tubordi* nate to the requirement that navigation shall not he destroyed. The Wheeling bridge gave to the oppo* nouu of progrees an admirable and a pro. traded season for ventilating their kuuwl* edge upon the subject of vested rights, and the law that navigable streams were the highways upon which the navigator bad the exclusive right of way. But alter years of controversy the right of the people to cross the rivers by bridges was judicially deter* mined. Since then the Rock Island bridge controversy has been before the country, and all the river landings whose business was af fected by the direct communication offered by bridges, all the owners of ferry boats, all the keepers of hotels . at ferry crossings, bare been vehement In | denouncing the bridge. Various have 1 been the means resorted to to destroy It.. Vessels have been run against It purposely to make up esses of Its destroying safe navi gation ; vessels have been pushed against Its supports and strangely discovered to be on fire. These and countless other devices having failed, Greek fire was employed in an attempt toaccomplish Its destruction. The bridge still stands, opening to the country the free and direct means of passing from one State to another—from one side of the continent to the other. M At Clinton, some six or seven years ago, there was constructed another of these bridges—another of the connecting links In the great chain of travel and commerce. It, 100, has been an especial eyesore to St. Louis. Another bridge has been planned to cross the river at Rainey, and St. Louis has been in arms. The bridge question has been determined long alnce by the whole people. Cincinnati, which pro* tested so earnestly against the Wheeling bridge, has built one of her own, but cross ing the Ohio. The opposition to bridges has given way to reason and necessity In all parts of the land except St. Lout*. Every bridge built on the Mississippi River that city looks open as a direct violation pf the rested rights of SU Louis- la' the flUsls alppl River. St. Louis claims that all travel and freight, when U reaches the Mb slbslppl River. should take that' Arcam and p} to St. Louis.' Bridges aflbrd the means of avoiding this calamity, and therefore bridges, according to tho - St. Louts theory, arc intolerable nuisances, and should not be allowed. St. .Louis; has had for years her delegation and her committees at Washing, ton, boring members ; of Congress, and committees and Cabinet upon this subject. Every bridge on ihe Mississippi pours into the lap of Illinois a wealth which that city thinks ought to be hers. The bridge at Quincy will tap Missouri at St.'Joseph, and bring to Illinois Instead oi to St. Xouls the commerce of Western Missouri and Kan sas, and the regions beyond. . - ; There is a bill ponding In Congress, and already passed by one House, declaring the Clinton bridge a lawful structure. St. Louis has bad a bill before Congress, providing a plan upon which all* new bridges most be constructed, and to which all.the old bridges must be made to, conform. This plan amounts to a total prohibition of all bridges over that river, and to a requirement to re move all those now existing. It Is an In gonions fraud, which has been detected and exposed, In Congress and In the press. Under these circumstances, tin people of the State were doubtless astonished a few days ago to read that one bouse of the Illinois Legislature had been de ceived Into the passage of a resolution, pro testing against tbe legalization of the bridge nt Clinton. What St. Louis has not bean able to do herself to tho Injury of Illinois, the Legislature by this resolution proposes to do. St. Louis has never been able to satisfy a court of law, orclthcr house of Con gress that either the Rock Island or Clinton bridges is a nuisance; and now she seeks to use the Legislature of Hllnols to endorse her selfish protest against tho march of Improve ment* The great Pacific Railroad, with the wealth and trade of half the continent, la rapidly progressing to completion. Already It has crossed the Missouri and tho Platte. Tbe Clinton bridge Is now the great connecting link between tho country lying oust of tho Mississippi to the Atlantic, with that lying west of that river and extending to the Pa cific. Tho trains carrying freight and passengers now run eight hundred miles west /rum Chicago, and the Illinois Legislature Is asked to Inlcrfliro end com- pel these trains to ho unloaded at Clinton, and be carried across tbc Mississippi on a flat-boat or on the tee. From the bay of Ban Francisco over mountains and deserts, across plains, and through forests, over rivers mid through tunnels, the great Iron nrl ry of Commerce ond ihilon will moot with no obstruction, mill! U reaches Illinois. Will our Legislature, at the demand of Bt. Louts, arrest (hts great workf will it brook Urn great chain which is to span the couth ticnl, and subject trade and travel upon oil* tcrltig and leaving Illinois, to resort to the HI. Louts system of ok teams ami furryboulsT We hope the Legislature will pass no such resolution m has been already pushed through one branch. Let the resolution ho arrested, and If any action Is to lw taken tat it urge upon Congress the m-ens>ily of legal, not only the Clinton bridge, hut wherever cUo the entorprUo and business of (he country may demand one. Lot Ht. Louis ding to the ferry-boat system if she will, hut lot Illinois keep step with the progress ond Improvement of the ago. Til It liNGLINH TONCiCK. One of the most gratifying signs of the limes Is the deep Interest which both our scholars and our people arc beginning to manliest In the study of our noble Englhh tongue. Perhaps nothing has contributed more to awaken a public lutcrest In this matter, and to call attention to some of tbo ec publication of “ The QueaS* English” and " The Dean's English,”and the various crill- chins which have been provoked in England and the United States by tbo Moon-Alford controversy generally. Hundreds of persons who before felt a profound Indifference to this subject, have had occasion Iq, thank the Dean for awakening their curiosity iu re gard to it; and hundreds more who, "rot caring a losf-np. Whether iloesop kicked Bony or Barry lucked ilossop,” would never have read the Dean's dogmatic small-talk or Mr. Moon’s trenchant disscc- lion of it, bare suddenly found tbcmsolvea, In consequence of tbc newspaper criticisms of tLe two books, deeply interested in ques tions of grammar, and n jw. with their appe tites whetted, will continue the study of their own language, till they have mastered all its difficulties, and familiarized them- selves with all its intricacies. Of suuh dls* at this time they arc imperiously needed to check tbc deluge of barbarisms, solecisms, and Improprieties, with which our language Is threatened. Not only docs political free dom make every man in America an inven tor, ulike of labor-saving machines, and of labor-saving words, but the mixture of na tionalities is constantly coining and ex ; changing new forms of speech, of which our busy Harrietts in their lists of Americanisms dud It impossible to keep accounts. We arc no friend to hypcrcrltlei<m, or to that finical niccncss which cares more for the body limn for the soul of language— more for tlic outward expression than the thought which It Incarnates. We have no sympathy with the verbal purists who challenge all words and phrases that cannot ho found in the** nells of English undeflied,” that have been open for more than a hundred years. • Language Is a living, organic thing, and by the very law of its life must always bo In a fluctuating state. To petrify it Into Im mutable forms, to preserve It as one pre serves fruits and flowers In spirits of wine and hcrltariums, is as impossible os It would he undesirable, if we would hive It n me dium for the ever-changing thoughts of man Language Is a growing tiling, as truly as a tree; and, as a tree, while It casts off some leaves, will continually put forth others, so a language will be perpetually growing aud expanding with the discoveries of science, the extension of commerce, and the progress of thought. Every age will enrich It with new accessions of beauty and strength. Those wiio arc so ignorant of its laws as to resist Its expansion, who declare that It has attained at any time Hie limit of Us develop ment, and seek hy philological im'ls to check Its growth—will find that, like a vigorous foicst tree, it will defy Any shackles itul men may bind about It; that Jt will rccK os little of tbeir decrees a* did the advancing ocean of those of Canute. The petty critics who make such attempts forget that many of the purest words In our language were at one time startling novel ties, and that even the dainty terms la which they challenge each new-comer, though now naturalUcd, had once to fight their way Inch by inch. Slinkspcaio ridicules “element;" riillllps, the nephew of Milton, denounces “suicide" ns a word that should tie " hissed off,"—ns more suggestive of iim than of *uf; Vulke, in the seventeenth century, objects to such ink-horn term* ns “rational," “scan dal," “ homicide," “ ponderous," and “ pro digious ;" Dryden censures “ embarrass," “grimace," and "repartee;" and Franklin, who could draw from the clouds the electric fluid, which now entiles language with the speed of lightning from land to land, vnlnly struggled nanlnsl the Introduction of the verbs "toadvocate" ft»d "tonotice." No prince or potentate was over strong enough totnnke or unmake a single word. Ciosar confessed that, with nil his power, ho could not do It, ami Claudius could not Introduce even a new letter. Even slung words, after long knocking, will oficn gain admission Into a language, like pardoned outlaws received Into tho Imdy of rcsjMirlnhle citlrtm*. We lined not add to these, words coined in his lofty moods hy tho poet, who Is a maker by the very right of his name. That creative en ergy which distinguishes him—" tho high flying liberty of conceit proper to the pool" —will, of course, display Itself here, and the | all-fusing Imagination will at once, os Trench baa remarked, suggest and Justify audacities In speech which would not bo tolerated from creeping prose-writers. Great liberties may be allowed, too, within certain bounds, to the idiosyncratic* ot all great writers. We love the rugged, gnarled oak, with lb e gro tesque contortions of its branches, better than tbc smoothly clipped uniformity of the Dutch cwtftree. Carlylclsms may therefore be tolerated from the master, though not from tho umbrae that span iel him at the heels, and feebly echo bis singularities and odd! lea. A style that has no smack or flavor of the man that uses It, ts a tasteless style. But there is a limit even to the liberty of great thinkers In coining words. It must not degenerate Into license. Coleridge was a skilful mint-master of words, yet not all his genius can reconcile ns to such expressions as the following In a letter to Sir Humphrey Davy; “I was a Well-meaning sutor who had nltra-crcplda ted with more zeal than wisdom." No one would hesitate to place Isaac Bar row among the greatest maeterrof the Eng lish tougue; yet the weighty thoughts which his words represented, did not prevent many of the trial-pieces which he coined in his verbal mint from being re turned on bis hands. Who knows the .meaning of such words as “avocc," “ooqulst,” “extund?" All Innovations in sj^ecU—every new term introduced— should harmonize with the general princi ples of the language. Nonew’phrase should be admitted which is not consonant with Us genius, or which docs violence to its fundamental integrity. Nor should any word or./orm of expression be tolerated that violates the universal laws of lauguage. Even good usage itself Is but a proximate test of purity. If grammatical monatrosV lies exist In a language, a correct taste will shun them as it does physical deformities, In the arts of design. Authority for the most vi cious forms of speech can be found in all our writers, not excepting Addison, of whose numerous solcclslms Richard Grant White has given specimens In the last Odhtz \ Let tho English language be enriched In tb s spirit, and It will bo, as one baa well sa'd, a living fountain, casting ont everything effete and Impale, refreshed by new sources of inspiration and wealth! keeping pace with the stately march of thl ages, and. still re taining much oflts original sweetness, ex pression, and force; v In future numbers of the Tnniuxx wc pro pose to resume this subject, and criticise some of the current improprieties ot speech which seem, to us most deserving of reprobation. The term impropriety, we shall use, not merely inthe strict rhetorical sense,.of.the word,.but In the popular, meaning to Include la It all inac curacies In speech, whether offences against etymology, lexicography, or syntax... fW Mr. Lee, late proprietor of Lee’s Opera noose, In this city, has disposed of bis interest In the same to U. H. Crosby, Esq., for $200,000. The net profits on tho lottery amount to about $300,000 In addition io the sum paid to Mr. Lee. But the value of the Opera House Is probably $150,000 more than the sum paid to Mr. Lee. The profits of the 11 Art Association 11 arc, there fore, $650,000 to the “ Actuary.” The pub lic* may reasonably hope to hear no more about the everlasting debt they owe to Mr. Crosby for building an Opera House. If he loses the whole $050,000 in the next three years, of course be will find distinguished gentlemen enough In the community to put him on his feet again.* £ET* VaUaudlngham, the Copperhead “martyr,V Is delighted with the recent de cisions of the Supremo Court. Ho has writ ten a letter In which ho says that tho satis faction Jjc derives from them “Is both great and sweet.” The praise of Vallandlogham will scarcely commend these decisions to the country. LITERATURE. Notice* of New Publications. tODKKT IIKNHY IIKNDKKHIIOT > or. 'he Drummer boy of the Ilaniiitianaock. DjWil ui* Pnvifitn Donor. Chicago s Umrcli and Goodman, IGO7. A very pretty book about a very brave boy. Icro arc two hundred pages of plainly writ- ten clearly printed history, replete with all the startling Incidents of Action ; Indeed this noble little patriot who so grieved his mother by hts restless Impulse to light the rebels, might well furnish a subject for some clever pen to weave Into a romance ol real life, whoso most Interesting passages should ho historic fact, whoso tone should bo tho natural iioldllty of America’s boys and whoso moral should bo tho Instinct of pal* Holism. Tho author Is no Jioro*wnrshlppor of tho Cntlylo school who cannot see tho (hulls of Ids hero, lie claims to pro amt tho liny soldier’s biography as It really is, and having carefully' rend (ha hook wo are Inclined to holh vu the statu* mi nt. Thu only fault ivorlhy of nolo Is Hint the story Is told In a stylo qulto ton wordy, brave deeds do not need embellishment. This objection, however, U of smalt wclgl to reader who can give an hour to the life history of tho youngest and one of tho bravest of the volunteers who saved the country. No ono who reads one chapter will fell to read tho rest. A truant from school, a peddler of pop* com, a tumbler In Dan. Klee's show, a dreamer of war, a fifer, a drummer, a favorite everywhere, a dead-head on tho railroads, tho boy ran away from Jockson, Michigan, and follov cd tbc men with whom ho had been drilling to Louisville. At Murfreesboro be flrst distinguished himself lu arms. But It was in. the army of tbo Potomac that he earned his famous title. lie went Into Fred ericksburg, tonka sturdy gray-coat prisoner, and marched him across the pontoons into camp. He was greeted with deafening cheers, and proclaimed "the brave drummer boy ol tbo Rappahannock." In Burnside’s dcrlng charge upon tbc heights Ue was sur rounded by rebels. Quick as thought, he assumed tbc ’possum death, beard the pity of his enemies, walled for another assault upon the works, and then escaped with his comrades. He visited New York, went to England, and Anally came West. He Is now sixteen years of age, and quite worthy of his early fame. Tbc publishers have brough out tho biog raphy In purple and gold. A steel ergrav log of tho subject is given, and the covers arc tastefully embellished. The book Is sold by subscription, nnd we believe the " Drummer Boy of the Rappahannock" is agent. AMERICAN I.HAVES: Familiar Notes of -UJjoualu anQ lafe. Dy Samuel Cloth. mothers, ISC7. bold by 8. C. Grises & Co., Chicago. * Fifteen plea«ant, chatty, and yet classical papers, selected from Dr. Osgood's contri butions to JJarper'* Ifonlhhj Magazine du ring the lost thirteen years. It Is no small compliment to that popular monthly, de voted to current history, romance, sketchy stories and humor, that so excellent a book, replete with serious hopeful thought and kindly svropatby, could be compiled from • its transient literature and presented to the world in this highly attractive stylo, beau tiful, half ethical half philosophical, and al together useful. The author mnkeS back- ncycd subjects interesting and charms the reader with his quiet grace. Boys and girls, school Influences, off-hand speaking, ethics of love, gardens and flowers, arc some of the topics most congenial to the doctor. Hero Is a foretaste of these household les sons. In his paper on Fortune the rever end author says: “ In onr too ensy kindness to our children arc we not sometimes more cruel than kind, and do we nut educate them as If there were nothing hut prosperity on earth, and fortune had nil smlics anil no frowns ? Would not our daughters he nobler women if more of thehouseholdutilities were united with the showy graces of their culture, and they wore taught to thmk it a better destiny to share' and lighten n true man's hardships than to, be pampered by a churl's abundancp? Do we not. Americans, so magnify the term lady ns to forget the better word woman, and so put this world's dainty ladyhood os to alight tl.u true womanhood that God hath made In bis own image? Oar sons, too, wo belittle nnd enfeeble by our indulgence, and even when we devote them to study, we forget that there are two alphabets ami two ways of reading. There Is an ABC of the spelling hook, and biiABC of nature and life ; and he who would read tbc great book of tacts, must read U with u ready baud as well as ojuu eyes.” rublicallouN Rmlvc<l« mitrr, TEiiuox a co., cuicaoo. Nep. unAAT'a Wi’U>T. B/M. 1.. U., author of “ Iturtha UVl#.««r’a WUh. cloth. BoMonj J. P. DuUon it to. ISC". PAiItOItTABtrAU AJIU AVATKUB TdKATIUCAia. Boston: J. i;. Tilton A Co. ISC7. Fijiettb, A I.KoajtD nr Brittaht. Translated linm the French. Boston: J. B. Tilton £ Co. IFC7. I'*ANKIB AND Bonnie. A Year Book for the ( l lhltpii of the Church. By Anne U. Hale. Cloth. Pp. j:iß. Boston : J. I’. Button A Co. lb« 7. Fkanr Htmimno*# Choick. By Maris U. But flcch. (loth. t'p. HM. Boston : J I*. Button A to. Sola by Hired, Pearson A Co., Chicago. westehn news coxrANT, chicaud. MAUA'-iikV Man pal op Cium. ByN.Marache, f'hrra Editor ol Wilkes’ Hpult of tho Times. N'cwYmk: Dick A Fllcgera d. OmvAtn* Unt su; Or. Younjt Amcncs Afloat. A Htory of Travel and Advcnlmn. By W'llilnm T. Adams (Oliver Optic). Bo*too! Leo A bfaep art. !WT. CAitAnitAN A cirrtsn. ciiicaoo. TREATISE ON TUB I .AW Of I’IIIVATE CotJfOlU* none AimntoATE. By Joseph K. sod Samuel Atnra. Elfilnh edlilon. Bevlseii, cor* reeled, and entailed hr John (Albion, of the Boiintt Bar. Boston t Idilla. Brown A Co. Tub Hciencb or Wealth. A Manual n( Po* lllifa! Economy, Embracing the Laws of Trade, Currency, amt Finance. By Atnasa Walker. Lee* Imer on Pttldie Economy In Amherst College. Boston t I I'llr, llrowji A Co. The I aw or ;<bw TnutA and Ornrtt IdtitKAn* inub. By Frauds lllillard. Philadelphia i Kay A Brother. Tomlinson mioTtiant, omoAoo. Line lUniiM.i, ihn Cblpagif Newa It ty. Malle Bora, llm Hewlni (Bn. By (He author oi 1 oka Harrell, the t htcairo Newa Boy. Tm HitoKKN Pttcimn or me Wars of Provl donee. By Urn author of Luka Darrell, lha Chica go Newa Boy s Mah’.o Bom. the hewing Ulri, etc. Pabmacm in tub Lire or tub Faini Goarst* l*p, Mi»lnaa Anna Askew. Brcomitea by ye nmvoilhte IVn of Nifholi Mnldwarn, B, A., and now first aet forth liyrha author of-’Mary Pow eli.” New York: M. W. Dobb. Tub Women or tub Gospbia. The Throe Wakings, at d other Poeuia. By the author or the Prboi:brrg>Cutta Family. IB inn. Clnib. P. p. *.>75 1*11(0 t 1.73- NcwYoik: M. W. Dodd. The Bratton's and Davenastb. A Story of the Civi Ware. D> the anltaor ot the “Schon berc-CotU Family. New York: M. TV. Dodd. The Metuio Srarxx. Weights and Meat are*. Philadelphia: J. D. I.lpplncotl A Co. • Cameron llau2 A story or the Civil War. By M.A. C.,autnor of “The UtOo Episcopalian,’* “Bessie Melville,” etc. Clotli. Po. 511. Price (2.00. Philadelphia: J. B. Upplocott A Co. Notes on Ettonxicb: For the Uae of the Pub lic. by Frauds Edmund Anstte, XL D., F. 1L C. P.. Senior Assistant Physician to the Westminster Hospital. First American edition. Philadelphia: J. b. J.ipplncoit A Co. Gbxxx ron Tuttle Sciioeam. The First Greek Book of the Pantocraphlc Series. Philadelphia: J. B. I.lpplr.cott A Co. T'bb Poetical Wonss op Tdoxas Ghat. Cloth. Pp. ISS. Price Cambridge: Lever A Fran ds. Tnr Euros or Llkwtlltn. Bt Mr*. Emma D. E. N. Honlhworth. Ctolh. Pages. 550. Price, (2 00. Philadelphia: T. B. Peterson A Co. Sasatooa. An Indian rale of trontier life. A true atory oi 1757. Philadelphia: T. B. Peterson A Co. . Annals or a Quiet UnomionnooD. By George Xlacoosald, M. A., author ot “David Elgmbrod,” Ales. Forbes ofHowgkn, etc. Cloth. Pages, 381. Price, (1.75. New York: Harper Brothers TTCKNOR A TIULD*: BOSTON. .I.IUIUI* OT ...bwo. aivu...... A Srx*Eß in Lrsi.ll OoLDrnwAtTE’a Lite. By M*s. Atm T. Whitney, author of “Faith Ga*tney’a Girlhood.” the Gray»orthya, etc-, with lllnatra tionaby Augustus Hoppis; Sold by all book* ’Picrunz or St. John. By Bayard Taylor. Cloth. Pager, 220. Sold by all booksellers. A Bust Corner.—lt is reckoned that one hnn dred and twenty thousand people pass the Astor House comer lo a day on foot, and slxty-firo thou sand in carriages and omnibuses, making a total of one hundred and eighty fire thousand passengers. Sixty thousand vehicles roll by this comer tn a day. From lonr In the afternoon lo half-past five one hundred a minute pass. In Barclay street are two lines of street car*—the Broadway A Cen tral Park, and the Seventh Avenue A Central Park, having between them seventy-tour cart, which gives a fraction of over one a tnlnn'e. This re Uevee Broadway of about twenty thousand people par hour. GOSSIP FROM EUROPE. Our Special London Corre spondence, " , Pro spec tivePolit icalEvonts of the Year. Rclnrn of a Long lost H iron—A Sensational Case—Curious Freaks of tbe Youth ful Nobility. Sims Reeves, English Tenor. i Incident at the Zuileriei—A Rev erend Glutton—Strang e Dispute About a Zoological Curiosity. ORB LOHDOK LETTER. Prospective Political Events of the Wear-Great Britain and Uie United Reform States—Tn« Return of a Eons Lost Baron Strange Vicissitudes —A Sensational Cate—Curious Freaks of the Youthful Nubility—An Irish Catholic Bishop** DtqunU for Church Purposes in Chi* ago. (Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.) LoiftoH, England, January S. XourtUe onnee nouvrlle fie, says a French proverb of very doubtful accuracy. Wc have burled the year 1800; but if by the “new life” of the proverb be meant that wc arc all at once to cast off the old one, I more than doubt Its applicability at the opening of 18(77. Wo have been assured, from one of the most stormy points of the political com- pass, that the iEolus of France wishes for “ the stability of thrones and tho prosperity of rations,” and, to sccuv this happy re sult, 1 suppose, all tho small-arm manufac turers of France ore nt this present moment engaged hi turning out the most perfect en gines of destruction. To give Napoleon his due, however, he Is probably sincere In do- shine peace (or the present year. But most ominous language has been used elsewhere at t he opening of the new year. Victor Emanuel, In addressing members of the Italian Chambers, baa told them that economy In tho army was not at all dcslrnldo at piccont, as tho army of Daly might “m any mowrol ho called on, not only to defend tho frontiers, hut to reap fresh glory on new Adds of bottle." This passage has been sup pressed In the official organ, but It was nov* erthetrss spoken, and the King of Daly has not thus expressed himself without knowing there was something near at hand. On the Uusslan New Year’s day—a weak from this date—what Isexhtontof Polish mUlmmlity is to ho swept amongst tho rub* bUb of things that were. Kiom IHU7 onwards, there Is to be no Poland In the geography or admit Istmtion of Itussla. Hut what Is of (ar mote conacuunnee with regard to the Immo* dlalc future, It Is well known that Unssla, following In this respect ihnexnmptu of Prim, sis, Is arming secretly, whllatopeidy profess. Ing peace. The King of Prussia hits also Usuid Ida munlfcsto ul a dlnnergivcn on Now Ycor’a day to his victorious Generals, ami told them that In the coming yours, tho time had arrived for reaping the harvest ol blood 1 which hud been shed for Prnsslu. At Vienna, tho Emperor Is composing his future army, which, according to the Vienna (tazittr, will ninuuut to 1,300,000 men, whilst Hie satcrlc poulterers of that capital have been decorating their New Year's geese « la Benedek and Clam-Gallas. Here, In England, the worst we arc suffer- ing from at present Is an intense frost, with the thermometer several degrees below zero, and a small remnant of the sorrow caused by the destiuclion of a portion of the Crystal Palace, which, though constructed or iron and glass, and with a plentiful supply of water on hand, was burned most unaccount ably. It is a curious coincidence that "a lecture on Arc, Its origin, and the means of extinguishing It," was advertised for deliv ery at the Palace on New Year’s day. Some body has remarked that If the poor Chim- Eanzee, who was roasted In his cage, bad cen Lee, he could have shown his less In telligent descendants, If the Darwinian thcoiy bo right, bow to save the greatest at traction in London. These, however, arc but "trappings of woo”—slight disturb ances quite incapable of milling the serenity of John Bull's placid (ace. If the funds were unprecedentedly low or discount at eight per cent, it would be a different mat tor. But with Consols at a fair price, and money atSjtf percent, lie enjoys himself os a portly well-to-do gentleman might be ex pected. In the exuberance of his good hu mor, “ there is,” says his principal spokes man, “but one cloud In the horizon of his lorelen policy at the opening of the new Ea'nrarlr'nmy'fic‘'<irs7;<! I ?3a , 'H'fA"?i n rs moderate eflort of diplomatic skill.*' What “ cloud” do you suppose the Times alludes to? I am sure no man in Chicago could guess. It would be Impossible for any American, who has read and recollects what the Times has written on the subject of the Alabama claims, and the absurdity of conceding these claims, or referring them to arbitration, to conceive that the threatening cloud which may be disused by a slight effort-of diplo matic skill means those very claims. Ills pretty evident that this arbitration, which was rejected by the Crown lawyers nod (Jov eminent of England, and scorned and laughed at by the ruling party and press of the coun try, with a few exceptions, will be volunta rily offered by this Government. Whatever may be in the future of 1807 (the E istern question, probably,) there is no avoiding the conclusion that we arc now anxious to ar range all outstanding differences with the United Stales. The 7Vines, of course, pots the best face it can on its dim Crow vcreaMl- Ity, but still it must feel disgusted at the amount of “turnabout” which Its null- Northern policy has cost it, though the measure of Us tergiversation was never so great as on this occasion. I must say it is hard on the tax-payers of this country, the majority of whom were, I believe, on the side of the North, that they should have*Mo pay for the false prophecies of Mr. Spence, the pranks of Mr. Laird, the American experience of Mr. Gregory, the contortions of Lord Robert Cecil, the South ern proclivities of the Timt* and the ncgli ' gcncc of the Government; bnt pav they must, I am afraid. It is extremely easy and pleasant, when U is quite safe, to Indulge in that aristocratic hatred of republicanism which really Jay at the bottom of the anti- Northern reeling which existed here, but the jHvpfe of England may find that they arc pav ing 100 dear for the aristocratic whistle when they arc called on to over the amount of the depredations of the Alabama •nnd consorts. * We are still working on the Reform road. The soil through which It has to pass Is very haid and unfavorable, but with good en gineering and earnest workmen, 1 nave no doubt, we shall make a practicable route. There is more danger, however, from the soft sand of false friends than from tiro ob stinate impediments of honest opponents. It Is very much tire fashion uow to write books to which. there are various con tributors. A work of this kind, showing the results of an extended suffrage in America, to which Mr. Goldwin Smith, Professor Carnes, Mr. Fawcett, Air. .1. 8. Mill, and otherswlllcontributc, is In contemplation. Rut facts and arguments, especially if based on American experience, will not produce the leari effect on tire stupid Tory party. There Is, however, reason to believe that the wiser leaders of Toryism In the Cabinet have re solved on ami will bo prepared to bring In a Reform bill during the coming scsslouHhuugb (his is denied in the new Catholic Journal, the Westminster (tturUf of this day. ‘•An other popular demonstration is being or- for the week after Parliament meets. One of the suggestions Is that every man In tavnr of Reform should prepare and present a petition in his own behalf, these petitions to be received by members stationed outside (lie House, bliotild this plan be adopted, It will lead to great confusion ami an Immense loss of lime. Rut as it Is diinonstrallott and hot discussion that Is now required.! his may* he a good mode of letting the House of Commons know what the wishes of the working classes really are. Amongst the telegraphic announcements which reached London from Southampton within (ho last ftiw days, wnaono headed, “The Long Lost Heir round.' 1 Tito tele* graph dm* not usually deal in the roman* tie, hut the story of Hlr Roger Charles Tlchbourne, Bart., and the tumouncmmml of his arrival at Southampton from Austra lia on January 2d, might, perhaps, Justify a departure from the ordinary dry matter of-fact messages conveyed hy the electric wires. The laic of the Tichbournea la at once a curious and a sad one. The lato Sir Francis Doughty Tlchbourne, of Tlchbourne Park, in the county of Hampshire, bad two sons, Roger Charles and Alfred Joseph. Roger, the elder and heir, left home many vcars ago, and set sail for America in the Bella. The vessel was wrecked, and it was supposed that Roger Tlchbourne bad met with ’ a watery grave, as he had not been -heard from, and had not communicated with bis friends at home. After remaining some time in America he an peats to have made his way to the gold dig gings of Australia, where he assumed the name of Thomas de Castro. Under this as sumed name he set up a small business iu Tamut, after which he became a butcher io Wagga-Wagga, where he married the daugh ter ot a laborer named Bryan. In the mean time, the father died and Alfred Joseph, on the assumption that the elder brother was dead, succeeded to the title and estates, which arc estimated to be worth between £IO,OOO and £15,000 a year. If the career of the eldest brother abroad was a wild and restless cne, that of Alfred was equally wild and restless at home. The descendant of an 1 old Catholic family and thesupposed posses eorofan ample fortune, Sir Alfred Tlchbonrne married the daughter of Lord Arundel, of Wardour, a Catholic Peer, but the marriage proved a most unhappy one. Having mort gaged bis patrimony to Jews to a ruinous amount, he spent his wife’s fortnne, and other things arc mentioned of him which I forbear lomention. Lady Tlchbonrne, at all events, hud to fly for refuge to her father’s, while her husband was passing through the Court of Bankruptcy. After rcoealcd hearings . and aigmnents of tbc case, ‘which lasted for nine yi are. Sir Alfred Tlchbonrne at length got free of the Jews, but he did not live long. He died afewmonths ago, at tbc age of twenty-seven, leaving one son, the sup {xjsed heir of the baronetcy and estates. Too mteher of Wagga-Wagga, in the meantime, appears to have beard of the death of his father and the succession of his younger brother to the estate, but with a generosity which, if true, docs him honor, he preferred to remain in comparative poverty and oh- aeurity Id Australia than to deprive abrotber to whom be was attached-of the position he bsd been enjoying. When, however, ha beard that his brother had died, he felt that there was no longer any reason why ho should not come forward to assert his rights, and, in order to do *o, he landed ontbeSd instant at Southampton, and was received by the tenantry, or, at least, a Considerable por tion of them, aa the rightful heir. There is a strong presumption that he Is what ho.prctcnds to be, bat; of course, the guardians of bis infant nephew must bo satis fied on that point before they relinquish his claims. The person who U really to be pitied in this case is the yotmg widow, who, but a few years ago, was a joyful, blooming girl at'ibc Catholic convent of Princethorpe, In Warwlcksblrc, and is now, after a short and most unhappy marriage, a widow, with ason whose prospects may be utterly blighted. But the case of Tichbournc rerawt Ttch* bourne will not afford so much scope forsen eallOD as the case ofHoword vertus Howard, which only awaits the death of the Earl of Wicklow to becomo the pasture of lawyers and food for scandal. The Earl of Wicklow is an Irish peer, a member of the House of Lords, an excellent man, and unmarried. Ills nephew, thg late Mr. Howard, was an incclatmablo spendthrift -and drunkard. The only excase that can he made fbr his acts is, that ho was not responsible for them. Being the presumptive heir to an estate and an earldom, the Jews, who arc ever on the watch for-prey of this kind, sapplicd him with funds to in dulge In all bis extravagances and caprices, in the prospect that when be succeeded to the property.they would he amply remu nerated. What the prreiee amount of Mr. Howard's debts may have been. I cannot say, but it must be considerable. If he died without issue, the Solomons, Lcyye and Moseses would lose their money. The state ment now put forth Is that 'Mr. Howard married a woman of the town in Loudon, and that n son was born of thU marriage. The next of kin of the Earl of Wicklow, sus pecting that the child thus put forward a* the son of Mr. Howard is no other than some foundling substituted by the Jews for the purpose of securing themselves the money tent Mr. Howard, have been, for a long time, watching the proceedings of the set, nud making themselves acquainted with the per sons of all who frequent the house of the widow Howard and child. lam told that photographs have been takjn of all who come out and enter in. The Earl of Wicklow was appealed to for means to pay the cost of those operations. At 'first he seemed disinclined to comply, eayiug that he had no child of bis own and that It was no affair of his. When urged, on the ground whether he would like to have u fiiipposlt’lloua child succeed to the earldom and to a scat In the House of Peers, ho re plied that ho knew some hundred Peers who were exactly In that position. On further pressure, however, he gave £I,OOO for the imr|K)so demanded, aim it only awaits his Lordship's demise to have this spicy cause of Uuwotdi's. Howard debated before the trl liumits oft lie country. Whilst on the subject of noble families I may mention that the public Is somewhat surprised, not to say startled, by the an nouncement of a work by the boyish Marquis of Lorn, called a*' Trip to the Tropics.” As the heir to the McCallum Mare, which is the Celtic title of the Duke of Argylc, Is not yet out of his schoolboy days, his father intending to send him to Germany to study fur two years more—he enn hardly •ay much to interest the world. But the at tempt is ambitious, ami worthy of (he son of the Duke of Argylo. In alt probability it will display a very liberal tendency. There is a strong propensity amongst some of our )otmg Whig nobility towards extreme liberal views, which loaves Utdr fathers (hr behind. Viscount Ambcrly, Karl ItugMili's son, writes on religious snhjbcls with a free dom that disregards nil kinds of orthodox theology, nnd (bn lion. Mr. Hlnnlov goss for beyond him both on religious and political mutters. Though quite nyouug man, 1 have heard him deliver sou e remarkable tpeeclms In favor of the Northern Htales alter hU travels in your country. Ills eldest brother, (im heir to the title of Lord rilaoley of Al derley, went, 1 believe, through all the forms that comdltutea real follower of Mohammed, hut aßer A two years' experience of Moslem life, he has rchafdlitated himself, us far as he eould, and is now “a good, sad Christian ut the heart,” whatever vestiges of the heathen rites he may have elsewhere. Under the rubric of* Wills and Bequests," ptibll’hcd weekly by the JUunirnUil AoAdun AVim, 1 find the will and bequest of Kt. Rev. Anthony O'Hegan, Roman Catholic Dl-bop of Dora. I single It out beexuso 1 And he has left £2,000 to the Missionary College of Question— Allhollows, Dublin, the interest of which Is to he applied to the education of priests for the dioceses ofChicago and Alton,lllinois,and £2OO in aid of the building of an* hospital In Chicago to be under the management ot Ho man Catholic ladles. The property la this country was sworn under £IO,OOO, bat ho mutt have property elsewhere, as the be-- quests amount to a considerable larger sum. It appears, under the hand of the rcpccta bio accountants. Messrs. Coleman A Co., that the circulation of the Dally during the past year, has exceeded 135,000 copies per day. To return to politics, I learn, nl the last moment, that there are two oninlons In the Cabinet on the Eastern question. Lotd Stanley is for Greece and Russia; Disraeli tor holding with France. MISCELLANEOUS GOSSIP. ‘Suns Ucctcs.' The London correspondent of the Boston Advertiser relates the following about Sims Reeves, the famous English tenor : 1 have mentioned the name of Sims Reeves, and in doing so, tonched upon a theme which ui»men »inT ah -me agreed as to the exquisite fineness dud sweetness ol his voice,—almost equalling, as 1 think, Mario's in his best days,— and the purity, refinement, depth of sentiment and declamatory |>owcr which distinguish him; but what people differ about b really hb dts- Position os a man. That b wbnt it comes to. on kuow, perhaps, that to see the name of Sims Reeves announced to sing nl a partlcn lar place, b by no means a sign you will hear him if you go. He b absent, *1 think, from nearly half the performances he has promised to attend. To what is this due ? If you heard the hisses which greet his let ters of apology ss they arc'rend to the audiences, you would say Mhe public believed he acted from caprice or from some unworthy motive. Yet so great is ho as an artist, that when be ap pears not n discordant sound reminds himof the past. Everybody rejoices he has come. A certain tci-hlnees of manner which leads him sometimes to sit down In the middle of a piece in an oratorio because some people arc entering the hall, or the front row of young ladies are whispering to their mam mas. and a degree of vain hauteur which marks the favorite, encourage the belief that be absents himself because it pleases him so *o do. This is attributing to hlfti an expen. five foible, for he loses enormous sums by bis absence. The facts arc well known to me. and they show that be possesses a very delicate organ, extremely susceptible of at mospheric iutlucnccs. Il ls literally the fact that be sometimes loses hb voice for three or lour days together. His general health too is uncertain. Our people will not be lieve it, but tbo excuses of Reeves arc per feetty genuine. Charles Dickens, who is aware of this, once gave a stinging rebuke in his own way, to a public dinner company who were sceptical. Dickens, who was in the chair, bad to slate that Reeves, who had promised his services as a charity, was uni- hie to come in consequence of “a severe nt* tack of(inilamroation of the eyes.* 1 Dickens had no sooucr uttered the words than there whs a hurst of ironical and contemptuous laughter. As I listened to it, I wondered to m.ueir, (for which 1 afterward felt ashamed), whether Dickens would, in deference to the com; any, dcecit the artist. I need not have feared. Dickens walled until the laughter tied ceased, and then, lu clear, cutting and deliberate tones, and with on nir of coolness which was exquisite, went on: 41 Gentle men, I repeat: Mr. Situs Reeves, owing to a " hfijlihj/arrliouM amJJorote attack of Inflam " mailon of the eyes, will not he able to sing ■“ here this evening.’’ Everyone who laugh ed felt reproved and tried to look ns though It was not from him the sound proceeded, luit Rom his neighbor. Ttio singing ol Reeves this Christmas shows that (n the higher Intellectual requisites of his art he has made an advance even beyond the hon orable position ho has held so long. Mtnrtllns Incident at the Tntlcrlew. Ln I’utrif icTatcs tho following startling incident of a court ball at tho Tullcrlcs: M. flam relates that he wus standing at a ball given at thu Tullcrlcs, talking to the girat chemist. Ur. Lisltane, when he per celvcd him suddenly become pale and move from his ikbUloii. M. Bam, fancying that his friend itad been taken 111, followed him out to the Bnltc dcs Marochaux. There, hav ing tceovercd hts equanimity, ho mild,*'l havejnst seen a beautiful young bride waltx itigwith her second husband. Now, 1 am perfectly convinced site murdered her first liiislmiui. it had been a love match ; hut tho young man discovered that he hud made a fatal mistake, and Ms health visibly de clined. One morning ho was found Jc«d in hU bedroom, which Ida wile had filled with flowers, especially with hyacinth*. Their poisonous emanations had evidently killed him. On being summoned to examine into the cause of hU death, 1 perfectly remeiultercd having related lu hw wife’s hearing a case of poisoning produced by those very flowers ; aud on learning that a scandalous intrigue on her part had lieon the cause of hla misery, 1 have not the slightest doubt that thu wretched woman toolc this mode of regaining her liberty.” This trade anecdote recoils to me another, which one of the first physicians in Paris iclated a few days ago as haviug occurred to him during the course of bis practice. He had beeu tor some time in attendance on a wealthy mer chant, whose illness, though of a painful na ture, was cot dangerous. Much to Dr. N.'s surprise the symptoms became complicated, and Mr. A. got rapidly worse. Dr. N. asked to she the mixture his patient had been taking during the eight, and remarked to the servant that the glass from which had apparently drank was not clean. “No one, sir, touches It but madamc,” replied the servant. Pouring a little water Into It, Dr. N. put It to his lies. He then asked to see Madame X. alone. She was young and lovely. “Is my husband worse ?” she inquired, with apparent anxiety. “ Yes, madtme, but he most im* firove rapidly. Do you bear, madame ? n a week he must be cured.” The ladv’s fair cheek grew pale, 44 But, doctor” “ Von have understood me, madame ; good morning.” The patient recovered within the given time, and M. and Madame X. gave a hah last week, and lookedas jolly a couple as you would wish to see. A Bererend Glutton. The Bishop of Verdun, France, who died recently, was considered the type of gour mands. So stout was he (writes a Paris correspoa* di tit) that it was only by means of consider able manoeuvring that he ever succeeded in entering a cab. The amount of food he con sumed at bis various meals was something fabulous. Owing to tba frequent illnesses brought on by his voracity he was always attended by a servant whose sole basinet was to prevent him from eating more than was good for his health. Whenever the Bishop was Invited to dinner at & friend’s house, this domestic stationed himself be hind his chair, investigated the amount of cutlets, pates, perdrcaox trnffes. Ac., eaten by hla master, and when he considered that be bad had as much as was good for bU lord ship, be made a telegraphic algo to the mis trees of the house, who, warned beforehand, immediately cut off the supplies! A Carious Case, La Patrie relates as follows concerning an affecting drama which bos been occupying the Tribunal de Paris: It appears that the Baroness do BouclloTal was given a little Mexican dog by her god mother, Qneen Christiana. There were but two rivals In Parts of this precious quadru ned • one died, and the other belongs to the SmiTCs&acdlf Ixulslake not is called Lin da The Baroness* dog was the'size of u man's fist. His mistress carried him about wherever she went to a basket lined with satin which hung on her arm. Madame dc Boucllnval vas walklng’ln the park of Nculll*, her marvelous dog following her, when a workman, accompanied by a bull dog, passed her. He looked at the tiny Mexican immediately, and pointed it out to, his .bulldog, who understood his master, sprang at the htlo animal, and strangled K. A myentiie-HUe was looking on, and was so. indignant that he In sisted cm Madame de Boucllnval following him Instantly to acommi^ialrcdepo'iie, tjhcre the man c-ffered her ten francs for her dead treasure. The Baroness tried to Induce him to give the magistrate 100 f. for the poor, os an expiation, cf his brutal conduct, and on his refusal commenced a lawsuit, during the course of which she proved that she had re fufed4.ooof. at Baden for her pet. M. Truborfc •leaded her case, and succeeded In making its audience alternately weep and laugh; and the result hax been that the Jury sentenced the man to psy a fine of 900 f., which the Ba roness at once handed over to the poorbox. The little dog was of a race that It is almost impossible to acclimatize In Northern lati

tudes- It was, therefore, a zoological curios ity. Hems. How singularly a man may sometimes lose his life was lately exemplified at Berlin. A city functionary rode with a lady hi a cab to the Frankfort Railway terminus, whence the lady Intended to depart in the next train. As thu cabman drove very slowly, the gentleman put his head out of the optn window in order to admonish the cabman to make haste. At the same mo ment another vehicle which happened to drive past pushed against the door of the cab in snch a manner that the neck of the gentleman nos jammed In, and his head re mained outside of the cob door, his neck being so severely injured that he died In consequence of the accident by bleeding to death. This wioler thousands have enjoyed the health v and exhilarating exercise of skating on Lochburnlc. Among those on the Icc a young lady skater attracted great attention. She bad with her a largo Newfoundland dog, and attached to the collar round the am mat’s neck was a pair of reins, those she held In her hands, end the dog directing her course on the Ice, she In this way skipped nlong In very swift end graceful style. There Is n story that some of the hoys nt Russian public schools at Moscow, 81. Pc lershurir, Kieff, and Kasan. have sent Count IMsmnrka very warm letter of thanks lor having so greatly facilitated the study of the most difficult pert of European geography— namely, the political geography of Germany. The price of admission to the great Exhi bition In the Champs de Mars lias long been the subject of discussion. It has been pro posed that one day In the week should ho set nihle os a select day, on which an ndmtssbm fee of live francs should bo charged, and that oti Humlnys l wcnlyfl vo cent line# only should ho paid. The Imperial Commission has, however, finally decided this question by announcing that the prlue will bo one franc ouch, without any excoMlnn. It appears from the oltlchil statement Just t-a Hid, that *WI lives were tost at lint col liery exp|i»bm near Ilurnsli'.v, and It U thought probable thorn nrn onu or two vol unteers whose names havtt not velhmmns n-rlntned. Of the suvunty-llvo brought out of (ha pit only (Ivo are now alive. There arc, therefore, 27(1 bodies now In the pH, and a considerable tl’w mist elapse before any attempt can ho made to explore the work ings. The exact number of persons assembled I the convent at Arcudlnm when It blew up was Hd.s men, ‘-i.%0 of whom wero (It to carry urine, and IHI women and children, Ui'sl per sons In all, of whom 33 men and (U women and children alone survived the explosion. The women threw themselves into the flumes with their children, so that they might not lull into the hands of the Turks. The bodies of Ibe Christ lans remain unburled. Madame do Tcschenberg, wife of the prin cipal editor of the Vienna tSasdte, had just supped galty at a ball tbo other evening, and was about to depart, when a wait* striking up she told her husband she would just take three turns before going. But after the first round, she requested Her partner to stop, and almost Immediately expired. She was an exceedingly flue woman, in the prime of life. GREELEY. The Veteran Editor of the Now York Tribune. [New Yotk Correspondence of iho Boston Coegro gflllonallst.J Gtcclcy was bom in Amherst,Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, and Is now fifty five years old. He is a member of Dr. E. 11. Chapin's (Unlvcrsaibt) church, where he may be seen regularly sleeping almost any Sunday In thcycar. Probably he b not al ways slumbering so soundly as be seems. On occ occasion, after nodding all through a sermon by the famous Cbanniog be went Im mediately to his office and wrote out an ab stract of It, nearly a column in length, which proved an exceedingly graphic, spirited and Ills family reside upon lib farm, thirty miles above New York, on the Harlem Rail road. His wife has bceu an invalid for sev eral years. They have had seven children, only two of whom arc now living. Greeley spends every Saturday upon bis farm, enter, ing into all Its detail*, working zealously at chopping wood, digging potatoes and ottier manual iabor. Like most amateur farm, ers, he finds It an expensive luxary; and doubtless all hb farm products cost him four ; or five times the amount he would have to lay for them in the New York market. But his little estate Is picturesque and bean tiful, and it enables him to practice alibis fanning theories. He declares that while all the money ho ever spent in anything else disappeared without leaving any aperture, be can see the hole where every dollar In vested In hb fhm went through ! During the week be spends bis days at a room in Eighth street, where ho was com pelled, while wrlliliK hlo hietury. to eQQt himself up to avoid interruption. Evening usually finds him in the Tribune editorial room, writing for the next day’s paper or talking to visitors who swarm upon him by titties, and by hundreds. He Is, probably, the hardest working Jour nalist In the world. During the last two years, In addition to labor upon hb history (which would have employed an ordinary author five or six years), when at home he Iras averaged more than a column of editorial for each issue ol tire Tribune, beside writing fifteen or twenty private letters dully, dis posing of visitors, with whom ho holds u nightly hvee, delivering lectures and political si ccches by the score, and sometimes con tributing to other newspapers and maga zines. Owning only ten shares in the stock of the 7Wluflf,'Grccley controls its editorial course os fully as when he was sole proprietor. Every year the association goes through the form of re-electing him editor by auoani mous vote. In private life Greeley Is liberal and open banded, giving freely to all wtio claim to lie needv. Ills charities are not always dis criminating, but the gifts of those who inva riable give wisely are seldom large, lie has assisted hundreds of young men, and old men, hi pecuniary misfortune. lie preserves ns relies, notes amounting to nearly fifty thousand dollars, chlctly from persons whom he assisted, out of frlcndll- ness alone, notes which in the aggregate are barely worth the paper they are written upon. Many strangers applv to him lor aid. A visitor from New Hampshire once asked for a few dollars to pay his passage home; telling some plausible story about being dis appointed lu mouev, and promising to re turn the amount by the first mall. Ho stated that be had formerly been a merchant, put-chasing goods in New York; hut had since met with misfortune. ” Here,” replied Greeley, opening his pocket-book. :> hcrc Is the money. Hut ol course 1 shall uever Sco It again. iPyou have acquaintances here, and were in thu habit of paying your debts, you would apply to them and not to me,& total stranger, 1 am 3 ulht willing to give you the money, but 1 ou’l want you to think men fool.” For the last two years Greeley’s Income has reached nearly S4O.(M) annually, a largo portion of it from Ills history. SIOO,OOO LIBEL SUIT. Governor neither v«. niMOtirl lie- publican. [Prom i)io Ht. lorn* Demoorat. January fit | The savage attacks t»l the AV/ik/». /tain ami tin corrc-pomlenls upon Governor Fletcher have Induced thn latter to vindicate himself in tho only manner consistent with thedignlty of hU position,bycomptdlingtho publishers of that sheet to prove their charges, or be convicted of a libel In a court of Justice. Messrs. Kruro «fe Decker are tho counsel for tho plalntlll', and the following la a copy of the complaint filed in the Circuit Court s ** Thus. C. Fletcher, plalutllT, w. George Knapp aud John Knapp, defendants, lu the Circuit Court of St. Louis County, State of Missouri, e. s.: February term, 1807. The plaintiff states that the defendants arc the managing printers and publishers of a newspaper published in the city of St. ■ Louis, county aforesaid, called the JJUtourl JienubUcau ; that on the 15tb day of Janu ary, A. D. ISO", the said defendants did cause and allow to be published in said newspaper certain false, malicious and scan dalous libels of and concerning the plaintiff, viz: 1. An article entitled “Arraignment of Fletcher,” meaning the plaintiff, who Is Governor of said State of Missouri, falsely and maliciously accusing him of high Crimea and misdemeanors in saftf office. 2, An article entitled “The Late Railroad Transfer,” wherein the plaintiff, who is Gov ernor of said State as aforesaid, la, falsely and maliciously accused of fraud Id relation * to the sale of the St, Louis «fe Iron Mountain Railroad, which sale was made lu pursuance of the laws of said State. 8, An article entitled, “A Stinging Let ter from General R. C. Vaughan to Governor Fletcher,” meaning the plaintiff, which ar ticle purports to be a communication signed by one R, C Vaughan, and is a false, mali cious and scandalous libel upon and relat ing to the plaintiff, in respect to his official action as Governor as aforesaid, and of his good repute as an honest and law abiding citizen. The plaintiff further alleges that the said defendants caused and* permitted to be published the said libels of and concerning him with the intent to injure and defame him personally, and to Impair his influence in bis official position aforesaid. The plaintiff annexes hereto and makes part hereof, the said libellous articles caused and permitted by defendants to be published in said Missouri JfrpoWtam newspaper. The plaintiff states that by reason of the premises ho has sustained damages to the amount of one hundred thousand dollars, and therefor and his costs of suit, &c., he prays Judgment. THE WOULD OF AMUSEMENT. The Drama, Opera, Boots and Society. Opera nonis-tVbo la A* 11. tee ? UncertaSntlea of the Fleet Horse—A, ,U, i,. Wanted—Bistort—Graa-on the Top of ihi; Wave—A Glance at Hla Ledger— Bow He Caught Bistort—A * specie of Bevolution In the Fashion able World—Dog Mtln Gloves—Letters from Beil—Tapper and More— Boohs of the Week—Literary *nd Bnslcal— Later—A, B. Lee and Uls Long-Tailed Mght shirt. Chicago, January SC, 1665.'- To (be Editor of the Chicago Tribune: I have received daring the week a letter from the Lady Superintendent of the Home for Erring Men,ln which the cabalistic figures 68,600 occur several times, and expressing the hope that 1 will not forget that excellent Institution, which Is just now accomplishing so much good among that unfortunate cla&j of the community. I wish to Inform this kindly intenttoned lady, and all others who may have similar in tentions on me, that lam not A. 11. Lee. I would not be A. H. Lee. A.H. L. U too modest for my style. Can It bo that A. IL L. stands for A Heavy Load? and not for the poor but honest Indi vidual of Prairie du Rocher, wherever that la? I have made many unavailing searches fur the man that struck William Patterson. I have busied myself on the genealogy of McGinnis, but tbey arc the cosiest conun drums in tbe wi rid by the side of A. 11. L. Likewise the Fleet Horse. This week the Sherman House made up Us beat bed for A. H. L., and the Briggs House decked Its table In a festive manner for A. H. L., and mine host of the Mattcsoa House gave A. 11. L. a champaign supper, and the Tro moot House got all Us Chinese lanterns ready for A. 11. L. . Only to find ho was an Impostor I Sweet are the uses of adversity 1 Why doesn’t A. 11. L. put in bis appear ance and relieve the anxiety of the great public? If 1 hod been standing on the high est peak of the Andes and discovered I- had suddenly made SIOO,OOO, 1 would have chart ered every diligence In South America and every steamer on the Gulf of Mexico to take mo to the nearest telegraph station. In the affecting language of the Duke’s Motto I would have flushed the telegram to Chicago: ”1 am here. Hand In the stamps.” And 1 would have received my tailor and shoemaker nl Kinsley's, paid thorn to the Inn shekel over a bottle of Glory, and sunt them away with my blissing. Yet still the Fleet Horse Is flying, and for a whole week A* 11. L. tins been Invisible to the naked eye. 11l wero U. 11. C., I would glvo A. It. L. one mmo call, and then ii ha didn't come, turn loutid ii ml hnvo q new deni. Which would bo ptonslllg to 2W.WO pco* t.lo. And It would relievo U. if. (*. nfllio anxie ty of knowing what to do with the fonts. Likewise It would glvo the Fleet llorsu a elmlieo to rest. In the meantime, If Mr. A. 11. of Frnl* rle du Hoeher, Hundolpb County, 111., Is in tint audience, will he be kind cnong It to step forward and hear lomcthlng to his advnu* lugoY If he U not, manifest It In the usual roam ner. Con he be a myth f . These startling thoughts, these outreach* lugs of the mind to a condition of things not appertaining to the usual routlnu of life, will occur to one, you know. Likewise tbo Fleet Hone. lu the meantime Lee's Opera House has bceu crowded every night, to hear the great Kistorl. Last winter J. Grau was la the trough of the sea. Now he Is on the top of the wave, with a trident In his baud, driving a chariot and six fish-tailed horses. You might throw J. G. out of a six-story window, and he would fall ou his feet every time. Lost winter J. G. was In doubt. He turned to Hoyle and read; “When you are In doubt, lead trun ps." Presto, ho Is la Paris I Agra inenfo, in Vienna. He drops into the Teatro Jilstori and hears the great tragedl enne. He calls at her hotel and makes a proposal. Rbtorl thinks the American peo ple will not appreciate her because she speaks in a foreign language. J. G., who has known the American people ever since be, she or it wss an infant—ln fact was present wllh G. C. B s on that occa sion, strikes an attitude and says: “You must add the jewel of America to your crown." That speech did It. The trifling financial difficulties were soon arranged. Her manager proposed a season of one hundred and twenty nights, to be given in thirty-one weeks, with not less than four rcpTPßflntallons per week. •T. G.wos agreed. Her manager then proposed that Ristori should have eight benefit nights, tlirco-flflhs of ihc gross receipts, and par the salaries of the troupe she should select; that J. G. should hare the remaining two-fifths, pay the passage over the big pond, and settle up travelling, printing and r.ntul expenses. J. G. was agreed. Was J. G. wise ? Eccf tignum. , The largest receipts of Ristori in Europe, for any one night, were at Moscow, ing to $3,C00. At Brooklyn, N. Y., on the Mary Stuart evening, the receipts were $3,000. An Elizabeth matinee in New York City, yielded $3,012. The Elizabeth matinee at Boston went up to $4,002. Chicago saw them all. and swept the board with $4,(300 on tnc Elizabeth night. Tne week foots ud as follows: Jaruary22, Medea January S 3, Mary Staart. January St, EUzabah.... January 25, Camara January 2C, Mary Stuart Total..-. Bistort's proportion. J. O.’a proportion. Ristori has received since she has been In this country, that is from September 20th to .Inuunry2Tth, $143,000, and J. ti. $0(3,130(3, and certain unhappy critics are trying to persuade the Great Public that J. G. Is nn Impostor ! If the Great Public believed It would they hand over their greenbacks in that style ? There Is no use in denying that J. G. is to* day the Napoleon of.lmprcsarlos. After bis St. Louis, Memphis, New Orleans, Havana andMatauzaaseasbns, and tils farewell en gagements at Chicago, New York and Bos* ton, he will sit under hts lig tree with a cool $130,000 In tils pocket, while neither Maryt zck nor Strakosch have made enough to keep themselves in macaroni, and worse than that, their figures arc mainly on the wrong side of the hook. When J. G. plays his next card, he will make a draft on the popular pocket larger than the present one, ond I predict U will be honored. That card will be neither oper atic nor dramatic, but, having seen his hand, it would not Ikj fair to expose It. Admiring grit wherever I sec it, 1 like J. O. Admiring genius wherever I see it, I reverence Ristori and her splendid art. Some of the prominent members of the ton lu New York are seriously agitating the question whether they shall not free them* selves from Gallic tyranny and the dictation of Eugenie in the matter of fashions. Ills on acknowledged fact that the fall and win* ter Parts fashions have been a failure. Why not strike out boldly nud adopt our own fashions? Because Eugenio adds or sub* tracts n hoop from the royal skirt, must all fetimlcdom hero do the same thing? Bo* cntisc Eugenio adorns the back of her head with ah unsightly protuberance, and puls a halter under her chin, must every woman In America do the same? if Eugenio iueexos, must the Women of America sueoxo also? Why do not the W. of A. regulate their own incexlng, halters, water* fallsaud hoops? Up with tho banner of* Independence In toilette. There U no good reason why the W. of A. should longer Do dependent upon tho taiu tnomlt and tlfiui momlf of Paris; upon Eugenio, Theresa and Fantlno for their styles. The latest bulletins from Paris say that the ladles are now wearing dog skin gloves, aud what is worse, wearing thou until they ore black with dirt on the same prlnfil pie that venison Is belter when a little de cayed. lam anxious to see whether the VV. of A. will adopt this dirty fashion. M. Rowell, of London, has written a book called *• Letters Rom Hell” and It U published by Bentley. Anything from that tropical clime will be sure to have a Urge circulation, whether written by Mcphlslo himself or by the unfortunate souls toasting on bis pitch forks. Topper's Proverbial Philosophy Is fo be Illustrated by Dore, who will next turn his attention to Euclid’s Axioms, the multipli cation table, the Nlccne Creed,* and the United States Census. Victor Sardon’s new play, “Le Malson Kcnve,”has been condemned bythe Parisian journals, whereat the other playwrights are in ccstacics. Colonel Badean, of General Grant’s staff, has nearly completed his biography of C. S. G. A page or so is devoted to his speeches. Among the leading books of the past week area “Treatise on the Law of Partner ships,” by Tbeophtlos Parsons; “ Oil on the TVaters,” an anonymous political treatise; and “King Rene’s Daughter,” by Henrik Herr, trahslatcd by Theodore Martin. Algernon Charles Swinburne, the naughty young poet, Is writing a Hymn of Triumph for Italy. The individual who has been playing star encasements In England under the name of Joseph Booth.and pretending to bcabrothcr of Wilkes Booth, the assassin, has been tripped up In his nice little game. His real name is Henry Marble, formerly of the Leav enwortb, Kansas, Theatre, Der Frelschnt* has been revived at Paris under the romantic title of Robin des Bols. Charlotte Cushman Is golag to present the Bostonians with four elegant brackets for their music hall. The Court of Cassation at Paris has deci ded that singing lu the streets by night does not constitute the offence ol nocturnal dis turbance, unless aggravated by circumstan ces which change the character of the ac*, and cause It to become a nuisance to the In habitants. The proceeding which gave rise to that decision wero a charge brought against four young men marching in com pany and singing a plccp from the “Dame Blanche, 1 ' at 0:45 p. m. \ On dit that Adallne Patti is coming back to this country to restore the future of Italian opera. If the scandals alloat are true her brother will prefer to stay in Europe fur the present. The “Damration of Faust.** by Berlioz, was executed, under his superintendence, in Vienna, on the 16th* of December. Tire Re dontcnsaal was crowded by an auditory of 5,000, who were perfectly electrified by the composition. Tltf best singers of the opera —Bcttelbclm, Walter, and Mcycrhofcr, had been Impressed Into the service. An arllsl of some mark, Christian Keller* mann, violoncellist to the King of Denmark, has recently died at Copenhagen, aged fifty years. He appeared at Brussells, not long ago, In conjunction with Carlotta Patti- M. F. Barbler Is composing the music of a comic opera, in three acts, called “ Les L> gendcs dc Gavarni.” It has been read to the company of the Fantabics Parislcnncs, and received with great favor. The Jlasco of “ Saffo,” at the Itnllcns In Paris, induces an epigram by JI. Albert de Lasalle, of the Monde Jlhudre. “ There arc some operas,” he says, “which it is ncccs* sary to revive from time to time, because each time they arc pUycd they die.*' P. S. I have just seen a letter from Mr. A. IT. Lee. lie wears his honors meekly and exhibits a Christian spirit of resignation which Is laudable nndcr the severity of his blow. He says In his letter, which Is written to bis brother in St. Louis: *1 bad undressed myself, for it was growing late, and was sitting In my long-tailed night shirt, dlicnssing tho events of tbc evening, when s thundering knock at the door an nounced that all was not over yet. Ma went to the dour and quickly returned with the Intelligence that a man wanted to see me, nnd that he said I had drawn Crosby’s Opera House. ‘ The devil, 1 said I. * I wish they bad to swallow th%. Opera House,* and after dressing myself, went down to receive this new messenger.” Hero I draw thu veil. Colonel Wood Is negotiating for the Fleet Horse and tho Long. Tailed Night Shirt, and will shortly have them on exhibition. Now that the Identity of A. 11, Lea Is fixed, even to his long-tailed nightshirt, will some one tell mo who owns tho Opera House? And oblige I’eubuuiku. CItItIHTJHAM AT ST. VETEII’M IN HOME. The ffforulnff Pins*. t Koine Cuicspomlcnce (DoeomM of Ihd Uus< ton Journal.) Ills among tlm possibilities that there never may tie another observance of (ljrl«l* mas In Home tike that which I have wit* niMcd to day, for If thedlix'Mi* of 1 lie I’apnl Hlales should sco fit to lake the civil govern, ment out of liio hands of (lie l*up?umt ol thu»o days, some of thu carnages ni the Car* illnals which to day rolled up lo Urn plux** of Hi. Bc'cr’s will dlsap|Nur, l> he seen no more by (he generations of men. I de.lre, therefore, to ph-lnru Ihe scenes for the bene* 111 of your readers, acting a part like thu of a photographer who takes a view of an obi building soon to he taken down. Tin: iuhtoiui. Coirowlthmo at half past three /clock tlilt* Chilslmas morning to hear the i>n\iorale —the song of thcehcjibcrds. UU an early hour—half-past three. There aro ghostly shadows on the walls, cast by the light of (ho tidy lamps ever burning round the en trance to the crypt, where the Apostle I’etcr Is said to have necn burled. Day aad night lor hundreds oi years they have been burn ing. The church, lighted only by these lamps, has the appearance of an Immense cavern : but passing up the nave we reach the “ choir,” where the Mass is being per* formed by an Archbishop. There aro two companies of priests and bishops, on cither side of the room. Opposite the entrance Is the altar. By the side of the door are sis benches, sulliclcnt to accommodate thirty six persons—all others attending must stand or kneel. Perhaps there aro a hundred persons pres ent to witness the Muss; there arc at least a hundred and fifty priests—more priests than people. A large number of the specta tors arc the comrades of Surratt—Zouaves in dark gray Uniterm, with sabre bayonets Jmrging at their belts. It is a crowd en veloped in a thick atmosphere of garlic and the intolerable odors which arise from human bodies long unwashed. They are living carcasses tainting the air. Such a crew of ragged, filthv, grimy, greasy crea tures, with low foreheads, sinister eyes and repulsive features. Ido not believe can be found outside of Rome. The few 'English and Americans present aic careful not to come in close contact with them, lest they carry away more than they brought! There are two organ galleries, one of which Is occupied by the choir. A franc slipped Into tbe baud of a priest securest* seat in the other, from whence wc have a view of the scene. The room Is (laming with can dles. hundreds in number. In chandeliers, on .brackets and stands, in great golden candle sticks, in tbc bauds of the priests, on the al tar, around the organ galleries, sputtering, melting, running downjn stalactites of wax, dripping upon the lloor and filling the air with smoke. The arched roof of the room, elaborately wrought In flower?, cuplds, angels, in gold ana bronze, Is dingy with the - smoke of millions ol candles which have flamed In the past. Looking down through the haze, wo sec the Archbishop in a chair before the altar; one company of priests directlv beneath us, the other facing us Irom the opposite side of the room; over them the singers, and at the entrance the unwashed crowd. The music is wholly by a cboii of moles. Women are not allowed to take any part in church service In Rome, except at the church connccfcd with the Convent ot the “Sacred Heart.” The so prano and alto are sung by thln-fiiccd men with effeminate voices, picked up by tbo church In the East. Doubtless thev find 1( more profitable and pleasant to be in 'the ser vice of tbc Pope than in the employ of Turkish Sheiks os guards of the harems. Mustnpha is the most celebrated singer of this class in Rome. On the lower notes of the scale his voice is very sweet, rich and ■ melodious, but on the high notes thin and $4,300 4, tOQ 4,rt00 8,500 4,000 $•10,700 12,(30 dbagretablc. The bosses arc deep, rouud and full, and the tenors also. The* mass, as explained to me by a Ro man priest, Is a sacrifice, answering in the Roman religion to the sacrifice of animals in the Jewish religion. The first* religious rite mentioned in the Bible was a sacrifice, lie said, and the church has adopted the Idea that its worship should be a sacrifice ; lienee the pomp ana pageantry which I am about to describe is the pageantry proper for the sacrifice. The mass is always in the Latin language. Tbc people do nut under stand, and according to the church It is not necessary for them to understand, the lan guage of this “sacrifice;” if the priest un derstands It, that Is enough. The advan tage of using the Latin, although It Is a diad language, is claimed to be very great, because II enables a priest of the Roman Church to jH-rfurm moss In any part of the world. An Italian monk can perform mass in Chinn, and the service be understood by tbc Chinese Just as well ns by the Italian. A priest from Tlmbuetoo, trav elling in tbo United States, can perform mass In the church of the Immaculate Con eeptlon In Boston lust as acceptably as by the-priests now ofilciatlug there. But to the service. 1 here Is no end of bowing, kneeling, light ing of candles, moving up to the altar, bow* Ing In front, to tbc right, to the rear, to the crt’fN, to the archbishop, to tbc bishop, and to the priests. Tbo bishops bow to the arch bishop, the priests In the bishops, and the boys in training, to the priests. The bishops bold tlie trail or the Archbishop, take off bis mil re, put on a ear, take off I he cap and put on the mitre, bowing at each successive act, ss If politeness was tbo must essential ele ment ol the sacrifice. They change Ids robe, laying aside the gorgeous one worn during tbc first part of tlie service, and arraying bim In another fur richer, of doth, of gold and silver, sparkling with diamonds. A dozen priests with candles taller than them selves. stand In front of the altar, bowing to the Atchbhdmp. to tbo bishops, to their tal low priests ; (hey chit nun from right to led, iront left to right, like soldiers nl drill. A little boy with a kntfb and a basket follows them to «cra|xt up (he drippings of wax : another hoy rings a bell for every change of scene. * The eholr cesses, ami tho priests In their boxes take up the service, whining responsively. Then tho voice (f the archbishop la heard; and thu priests Improve the opportunity to take smiir, a'so producing from their capacious pockets great blue cotton handkerchiefs, giving tremendous blasts on their nasal or gans, quite at loud, but lesa musical, than the trumpet stop of the larger organ In the gallery. While tho Archbishop and-cholr arc doing tbeir part some of the priests drop off to sleep, others ore devoutly poring over their prayer books. A boy brings in a silver censer, bows, de : livers It to a priest, ■ the priest gives It to a hit hop with a bow; another pneat brings the Incense, and with a bow posses It into the censer; be bows and gives it to the Archbishop, who receives It with a bow, then turning round his back toward tbc people, bows to the altar, swings his censer, bows to the candles, swings again, purifying each candle, wax and wick, and so on, bowing and swinging till, the altar is wholly pure. Metal, marble, wax and wick —things inanimate having been cleansed’, the Archbishop turns to flsch and blood, and purifies a bishop, who receives the censer, who purifies the Archbishop and all the bish ops— a bow and a swingto each. The bishop having been made whlie,aod clean, the cen ser passes down to a priest, who swings it toward his fellow priests, and lastly, turning toward the crew of filthy wretches at tbc door, giving to them bat one whiff of incense, while the bishops had six each. Is it that they ore more unclean than the unwashed garlic eaters ? THE SACRAMENT, Besides all this display* there Is a ceremo nious opening of sacred books—one priest bringing them In, giving them to another, who, with labored effort, finds the place, presenting It to a bishop, who reads a sen tence from the dead language. Another brings In tbe golden communion cup, an other the golden plate, both blazing with diamonds. All of this with the same monoto nous bowing—not only to the cross, and to the Virgin Mary, but, to each other—mixing a vast amount of politeness In the sacrifice. After the purification of thecup, the plate, the candles, the priests, the people, the Archbishop elevates the Host, and the people fall upon their knees. To Romanists tills Is an impressive occasion. Following this Is tbe communion. Twenty boys, who are tn training for the priesthood, dressod like the priest In black gowns and white lacc but- pllccs, march In procession np to the altar, kneel upon one of the steps, run out their tongue* and receive the wafer upon the tip from the fingers of the Archbishop. Then the Zi uaves, letting their sabres drop wi*h a clank upon the-marble pavement, kneel and receive a portion, what the Roman Church declares to bo the real body—the and Hood of Christ. Earing received Uio sacrament, doubtless tbe; will fight all the more resolutely for the Pope against tbo*lufldcl Victor Emanuel. After these Zouaves come the rabble. If cleanliness is next to Godliness in Christian virtues, according to Paul, wo shall not at* tain a very exalted opinion of their spiritual goodness. They were doubtless baptised In to the church a few hours after birth, and some of them look and smell os if they bad not bad an application of water since that time. The sacrament which they most need, and which would be healthful to body and soul, is that of the washtuh and scruhblng trSuch was the “ sacrifice” of this Christmas morning. Tomorrow I shall give some account of what took place daring the day. AS AUSTIIIAK SCAHDAL. Adventures ofn peasant D*n Joan, (Berlin Correspondence of the New York World.J Some of the pleasant little scandals that come to ua from Austria arc really very in structive. We are told that In a village in the Italian Tyrol, an Incident has occurred that created considerable sensation. The ptoprietor of a large tavern was blessed with a son who grew up to be a very handsome and fascinating specimen of the Tyrolese mountaineer. Before he was twenty years of age be was adored, of course, by tbe ladies oftho neighborhood, and be was flattered and petted into snch n hero among the best families of tho country, and his admirers became so numerous that he must hare re quired to use considerable discretion in the distribution of his favors. The father was a good-natured old fellow, and overlooked tbc youth’s escapades, until he found that the frequent recurrence of the inevitable scandals began to give his house a lad repute, and to cause a certain fall- Ing off In the business. Ho, therefore, ordered bis son to marry. Bernhard ral«cd several objections, bat was overruled by the stern progenitor, and at last took to himself a wife, lie resolved at the same time to abandon bis evil ways and become a cornet member of married society. All went uu well for some time; bat, oiler two or three years, ho found that toulonra ptrdrLt was monotonous and unpalatable. Ho therefore began to indulge secretly and moderately la the old variations. Ills wife vaguely sus peeled him, but wisely helik her tongno and reproached him not, though she herself was a model of constancy ami truth. One day a travelling-carriage drove tit*, nnd a lady alighted at tho hotel mid asked lor a room fur tho night. The son conducted her up stairs, probably ticeauso she was young and good looking. But strange to say he didn't come down again so soon gs ho might have dene, and the wife wondered what could detain him. t*ho waited patient ly a few minutes and thou hi*, ciiiuc suspicious of something being wrong. Stic paced up amt down the room with growing Impatience, looked at tho cluck two or three times a minute, and at length could restrain her Impatience no longer and rnshrd upstairs. Imagine her Indignation »t finding the dour bolted from (bn Inside. Him llslencil-all was and (lien pushed and knocked nl tin* door, and raised a hnu and cry ttml caused all the servants In (he house to come tunning to the scene of uMiitbaiß'e, anil thru there arose a trumemt* ons (creaming ni.d shrieking Inside the room (I at seemed fo dralen almost the cries of the wife and the noise of her attendants. At I i»l I In- door was broken open. The lady travel. let 1 demanded that the police guard should be sent for, declining, umld hysteric soli* ami groan*, that she bad been Insulted am! rulm d by tbe Innkeeper's son. lie endeavored to protest his Innocence of the eliatue, hut m vain. Amid (hu lamentation* of the injured vliltor ami the reproach* es of thu yet moru inlured wne, not u word that hu uttered could hu heard, lie was hurried off jo thu guardhouse, and elo*i-. |y imprisoned. A tortntghl ullerwanU, thu cate cunm before thu Judge of the Commons. Witnetses were culled who proved thu prU nncr’r guilt lo everybody’s tallsljctlou. ex cepting, perhaps, that of the prisoner him self, Ills antecedents were fully laid before the court, of course with duo regard for tbc ftt-llngs of abeent personages. Bernhard, seeing the turn affairs were taking, adopted a sullen, defiant demeanor, and remsed to (ay a word In defence. Ko was declared cudty; ami the Judge, who had manifested great asperity toward the prisoner, asKed him several tiroes whether bo had anything to urge before sentence was passed. Having been greatly presved to speak, tbc prisoner expressed bis willingness to say some thing, but told the Judge that it would be better for bis honor It he did not speak. Thereupon the Judge, (omowhat nettled, urged him to say what he could. “Well then,” said Bernard, “I ara Innocent of this charge, bub I willingly ac cept the shame of this trial, and the . sentence about to be inflicted upon roc as a punishment for the evil life I have led. Yes it is true that lam guilty of all tho Basons of which I have been accused, and many more, and I may say, Mr. Judge, that the rcoman vho Jtr»t ltd me astray too* your irlfe.” Tlrt confusion of the judge, and the hilarity m court, may be Imagined. Bernhard was at once informed that he would be prosecuted for slander. Nothing, however, was heard afterwards cither of the transported Bernhard or of the threatened trial for slander. The Judge was shortly af terwards promoted to a better post. BABIES. Curious Nursery Superstitions. The new work entitled Folk Lore contains the following curious nursery superstitions about babies: In the north os in the south of England, nurses think it lucky lor the child to cry at its baptism; they cay that otherwise the baby shows that it is too good to live. Some, however, declare that this cry be tokens the pang of the now birth; some that It is the voice of the evil spirit, as he Is driven out by the baptismal water. As to the mother’s churching, it is very “uncan. me ” for her to enter any other house belore she goes to church, as she carries ill-luck with her. It is believed also that if she up* pears out of doors under these circumstances, and receives any insults or blows froki her neighbors, she has no remedy at law. lam Infoimcd that old' custom enjoins Irish women to stay at home until after their churching, as rigidly as their Scotch or Eng* Ibh sisters. They nave, however, their own way of evading it. They will pull a little thatch itoro tboir «>or, or take a splinter of elate or tile off It, fasten tms at the top of their bonnet, and go where they please, stoutly averring afterwards to the priest, or any one else, that they have not gone from under their own roof. A pleasant little custom is mentioned in the Wilkie MS.; the first child baptized bv a minister alter his appointment to a parish is to receive bts Christian name, Threugh-tho north of England, If a boy and girl are brought together to the font, care should be taken that the former be christened flest; elec he is condemned to bear through life a smooth and beardless face, and, still worse, Ibe young lady will surely be endowed with the ornament be lacks. This belief holds itsgtoued in Durham, and extends us far north as the Orkney Islands. One curious nursery practice exists both In the north and in the extreme west of England, that of leavingau infant’s right band unwashed; and the rcn«on alleged is the same—that ho may gather riches. The baby’s nails must not bo cut until be -is a year old, foe tear be should grow np a thief or as they quaintly express it in Cleveland, “light fingered.” The mother must bliu them off. If uccdiie; and in the west of Northumberland it is believed that 1> the first patlngs arc buried under an asb-trec the child will turn out “a topslngcr.” The mention ol the ash is curious, for has It not been from very undent times a sacred tree, supplying In its sap the first nourishment to the tin-dun hero as now to the Celtic High lander P Noy. according to Hesiod, Zeus mode the third or brazen race of hard ash woods—pugnacious and terrible; as Yggd rasll. the cloud trio of the Norseman, out of which he believed the first man was made, was an ash. When the year ol Inlancv is past, and baby’s nails may safely bo given up to tbo scissors, care must bo taken not to cut them on Sunday or Friday, Friday, of course. Is an unlucky day, and as for Sunday, the old rtiynic says: “ better a child bad ne’er been boro Tbnu cut bts mils on a Sunday tnom I” Another vailatlonol the versq runs thus: “Fitday hair, Sunday lidh), Bettor the child had ne’er been born I” And yet another; “humlny 'haver. Sunday shorn, Belief hndd thou ne’er been bum." Or, at greater length: " Cut them Vti Mot day, ret them for health, Cut them Ob Tuerday, b I (hem for wealth 1 1 Cut im m oti Wednesday, cut them for news, rat them on Thursday, a pair or ns* riioei; Cut llirin on Frit ly, cut them Ihr sortow, - cut them on Hatulnay, ■ present Kwnorrow i But he that on Sunday cuU hi* hurt!, lu tier that he had u»vor he on horn I “ Again, thu Cleveland nurses say that It In wry Important fur uu Jnfluil to go up In the world before it goca down. Thus a child should he horn In tho top story of a hmido, for want of a (light of stairs, one of thu gos sips will take It In her arms, and mount a table, chair or chest of drawers, before she carries it down stairs. I have heard ol a similar belief In tbo Channel Islands. A Straus* Story, (New York Correspondence of the Boston Jonrnil.j One of the vilest’places In the Fourth’ Ward, and one of the most popular of Us class, U kept by a man of forty years of ago. lie has been eleven years in the business. He is very smart and talented, and has amassed a fortune of SIOO,OOO. He bos built one of the most elegant and complete tenement houses la the city. Ho belongs to one of the first families In the State. His brother la an eminent min ister of the gospel. He was piously brought up, received a collegiate education, and grad, uatedat the Union Theological Seminary of the city of Kew Tork. He took to this life and has followed it for eleven years without flinching. Be keeps religious books In his establishment, and when he can get a chance talks religion amid the dance ana the drunk enness and profanity of his den. He has a genial wife who tends the bar and superin tends the feminine portions of the concern. Be has educated two of his brother’s chil dren for the ministry, and Is said to be qmte liberal in benevolent matters. Such a speci men of Intelligent recklessness and educa tional depravity cannot probably oe par alleled on the continent. Having seen this man and talked with him, I know wbat‘l write. He has changed his namo so as not to disgrace his family. • A Qocatlon of Decency. Professor Lowell contributes a very just criticism on Swinburne’s Laos venens to the last number of the Xorih Amtriean -ferine. In which, speaking in regard to the disputed tiolnt of decency In literature, he says: If there is a chastity of the soul which thinks no evil, there Is no leas a chastity of tbe senses whose finer cars bear the sinuous approach of evil ere It comes, and finds lust more loathsome when it has slimed itself with sentiment. -There Is no reason why an * artist’ should be allowed to avail himself of a pica of double Identity, which we should scout in the case ofa or a horse-thief. Sorely, we nerd take no special pains to make temptation, easy to ua. That because we have particularly keen nerves of sensation wo should allow our senses tbc do. minion over us. Is twaddle. Wc faicy a Ki. j an chief saying to his wife, * My hlcher na. lire adores you; but really, 1 have mu-a a fine set of teeth, ard you arc so tender, tlia* :i due respect for the article part of me will compel me to bake you to-morrow.' ” A 5 ICE BLOCKADE, Boat River, New York, Bridged with W Ice—Exciting Scene* ond HalrhrcaUih (£ Escape*— Perilous Aairenturcs~Tu,> Ladles In Banger* fTroiothaJfew York Tribune, January-J4 ] But twice in tiiteen years have thcritic* of a New York and Brooklyn been unit.d by tho '-I icc fields formed by the storm ami cold S weather—once, in 1852. when thousands u S persons crossed the ice between the cities t<* r ® days toand from, and again io 1867. partially S when, for the space ot a dav, the imment* € masses of ice floating ami surging in j K depths of the river became wedged to th* 1 consistency of a macadamized road, and tbc .1 river involuntarily bridged Itself to yielj is , passage and thoroughfare to the eager thnu- eS fands, who thronged the ice In order that * they mightTsay. later In their live* that - “ ‘ they had crossed the East River—on ice.” T The large floating cakes of ice g which from an early hour traversed the up* S per half of the East River yesterday,'dc- S scending with noiseless motion, and the « force and majesty of Arctic Icebergs, con- $ gealed into a huge Incrusted and billowy S field, between Peck-slip and the Fulton Per- SE rv, and, about 0 o’clock in the morning, the 3 lee liad attained sufliclcnt firmness to admit h of a safe psssage to those who were ndveu- 3 turons to make the c?-ayr A brace of ’long- «i shoremen made the first attempt, and snr. r f needed in gaining the Brooklyn shore, alter $ many and curious adventures on the ” sea of S ice.** Thousands of people, on cither mar- S pin of the river, stood congregated, and n» # sooner bad the two adventurers made a hind- -£ lug ou the Brooklyn side, than a shout of * congratulation arose from the multitude who ?. had seen and wcreapifiaudlngthodaringfcat. H The ice field was smooth near the shore on I. cither side, and in the middle slight cler.i. br Uuus and undulUlons were noticeable where j» two waves had driven the Ico upward. A* I,; fur us the icc could reach or span, a huge r wliile surface presented Itself, covered here r and tlicre with black moving sjmts of men, r and the varied colors and hues combined in Sr the costumes ofsevcrol adventurous wnm>m ■■ who had violated ILc natural timidity m - r| their sex, and pushed from the New York W side on a voyage to Brooklyn. The brave \ ladles had to ba helped over (he srnuw ** AhmM In the Arid of Icc by the tenU.-iru-ii •* In their Immediate vlclnltv. l)e«pito tin-<‘i forts of the police, thousands of pcrmti* pasted to and Bo fur h<mr<, until tmon-dnv, when the lido commenced to ebb. and these r on the Ico felt rhu leu heaving and snaylnr t under their feet, its Ifmcrcd hv some umccu --«o* levhitlmn. Large cakes ol tire crystalline { material were scon to bulge upward, and the crowds on the shore began to look t noxiously toward tbu pussongi’rs mi the io*. 1 Still the impending danger did not deter ad ditional crowds from .venturing their lives, ; with that odd-blooded, reckless audacity which Is | cciiltur alone to (he horn Now Yorker. At the lime that the ice commenced (n break up Into cakes of various dimensions, there wus on the smTace of the lee at least | Mil or (Itv persons from iVck sllp to \ Wall street retry. The crowd* on tho shore 1 sboiiUd w ildiv til the people on tho Ico to I teke herd inn) make specify progress to tho I mljolidng fliotcs } hot clttiui* the excitement f nmsrd by Ihe nioisnal event of crossing the > ilvci on nn Ircdirld**e, or the dlslanco Irom \ the shore, may have prevented a great mini. { t er of people from heiulitg llnr warning cries. 1 I ami t’onseuuenlly when the field divided imd sepuMiled (nfori mulllpllelty of small cakts vrtiyit'g In width from luli it'iloxtin acres to thesl/enfn lUI foot lot, mimheis of people were carried down the stream half Irlgntcne I out of their wits. Thera weru «n some of the cakes group* of half*- \ dozen people, ami among them dullcnte * women, two of whom are well-known in Brooklyn, one being the wife M'u proinho-ni clergyman and tho other the wife of tho pro prietor of a New Voik daily newspaper. A* the tide was running down the river wry fast tho block* of ice bearing their unwilling imrscngcrs were swept down with ronUlh-a.v force until opposite Governor's inland, anil "here several steam tugs came whistling and screaming to the rescue. As many as* sixty persons were taken oil* ot one mammoth cuke, much to their relief, many ofthem de claring with loud asseverations that they would never attempt a passage on an ire * bridge again. Two of the ferry* boats nnule passages through the ice for tbc purpose of saving pedestrians who had imperilt-d themselves. It is believed that only one life was lost by this foolish pastime. , ■While the ferry boat Ncbra-ka was making endeavors to enter Urn slip at Fulton Fciryaman was discovered directly ahead of the boat making for the New York shore, and whether from careless ness i r not it is not known hut the Nebraska, with resistless force, striking through the icc made a yawning chasm, and into this ahvs* the man, whosename is unknown, disappear ed, and the Icc closed over with the rapidity of lightning. But for a moment thcunkuowu roan secured a footing on a small fragment of tee, and as it careened he merged ln» Hie, by his own carelessness, into the depths ot the cold, surging waters ol the East River. Many of the cakes of ice, forced by lift, a current. diifted in toward the shores ou V. cither side, '.nd were dashed up against the ; sides of the vessels moored at their wharves / [ and decks, and tbc crews in every instance ' yielded them assistance promptly by hcav-* irg lines and tossing planks, boxes and hen coops overboard in order to sive their lives. There were hairbreadth escapes Innumetablc and beyond calculation, and thousands en countered enough perils yesterday to give food for reflection and material for prot'iiz ; anecdote all the remaining years of their » lives. TWO LADIC* IN* DANOKK. fF.c ra tie Now York World.] It will be remembered by some of our * readers that .Rev. il. W. Beecher tin ice In ISVI, i«ua had rather a dar.gcr«uj.rv pericnce, which, It is supposed, was set* fieicnt to cure Idm <>t any further with to emulate Peter of old, whose unsuccessful attempt to walk the Sea of Calilec is gcam illy known. Mrs. Beecher, however, not to he outdone by her husband, yesterday secured the company of Mrs. Meses S. Beach, and together the two attempted to cro*.-* the bridge. Captain Duncan, of Mr. Beecher’s church, unable to dissuade them Jrum the adventure, determined to accompany them, and Imperilled his own life for their srietv. The passage was a hard one, but gathering up all their pluck, the ladies persisted iu their couise, and had gottcu thrce-iourth* •of the way across when the ice near tbo there hegj»n to break np. The danger of their position can be Imagined, and they seemed fully to appreciate it. The excite ment on shore wag raised to boiling pitch. Apparently no means of escape was at band. The lee all round them begun tocraek ; thou the cakes swayed fearfully. The cr-wd shouted to save them ; the women ran wild ly from one cake’to another: ropes were thrown them which they failed to catch, *:ul in the excitement It seemed thev mm-t per ish. At length, however, the tide forced the cakes on which they were standing cl np to the dock, and with the assistance of tli.wu on shore, the party were safely landed. It Is to be presumed that their desire to crus- the East River after such a fashion is sated by this time. Terrible Scene In a French Peniten tiary. An account of the revolt In the Vtvh 'i Juvenile Penitentiary of St. Ann;- hm al ready been given, but all the horrors .»f th - scene were not told. The prison contain'* 1 on tbcfiSlh of September last fiSH prisoners who plotted a revolt, and accomplish-d P. on the fid of October. They drove out th-* turnkeys, released those who were In dur ance for bad behavior, pillaged, and drank, and Indulged In the usual saturnalia. Then they wanted something else to do, and the ringleader, Coudurler, proposed that they should shut up In the storehouse those who would he likely to betray them, and then set the building on lire; and further, to make things secure, that oto of the worst of the rcvolters, who happened to be drunk, should stand guard opposite the door of the store house while U was burning, with knife In band. to stub an} who attempted to escape- This was Immediately agreed to; ami tho victims, fuurtccu In number* haring been In duced to cuter, a pile of papers.were heaped up, saturated with petroleum, and set on fire. Thu room was soon in a blaze, but alt the doors and w itidows being strongly barred, there was no possibility of egress except bv the one door, at which tho boy Allard flood with his knife. One poor little fellow, named (laMonldl, mode a desperate attempt to p i«* the naming porta], bill was slabbed line* times, And hurled mirk bleeding Into the fire. A watchman, who heard Hie screams of the victim* ami ran to their assistance, wn* set upon by the young demons who presided over the (info du /r, and (lung into a irondt. Of course, the building was burned to tho ground, and when assistance came, two day* afterwards, the t miles of the twelve or four teen victims had been reduced to ashes. For this hortlble crime-lour of the accused Imv.i been condemned to the galleys for Hie,” A Mory ercnrlyle. The London corre*pomlnnt of the RuuuJ TalU tells ft new »lory of Tbunuw Carlyle a* follows: •* Ain! now, having put Id a plea for pub lishing personal anecdotes, lot me end this letter with u stoiy of Thomas Carlyle. I heard Mr. Dickens tell It the other nhriit In a company of fifty; and If he may tell it to fifty, why may not somebody else tell It t«» fifty thousand ? That trreat mao (Carlyle. 1 mean), is still grievously tormented by some Cochin-China fowls kept by a neighbor. They crow not often but at unseasonable lime*— in the midst ofa particularly Involved sentence for instance, requiring great alien, tlon to the logical ordering of accusatives and verb. The philosopher is at such times, to pat the case mildly, simply no philoso pher at all. Exasperated, at length,.beyond measure by these dally tormentors, he sent a servant tn bis neighbor the other day to im {dore relief. But the neighbor was unyield ng. He, or rather she, regarded the fowls with peculiar affection, and declared, be sides, that she had observed that her pets, though they certainly crowed very loud, ‘on ly crowed three limes In an entire day-* *Ay, so they may,’ remarked the author ot Utr* Worthip, when this reply was brought to him : *so they may ; but the woman does not consider the awful moments I sutler when expecting them to crow.’ Is not this char acteristic ot the man?’* Curious Freak of a Sadmon. A recentParisletter says: “Last night was prolific In startling discoveries. The Passy neighborhood was aroused by horrible screams proceeding from tho resi dence of some Hass lans.- A report spread about that the master of tbe house had jost cat np his young wife into small pieces, and was actually eating her. On Investigation, the truth proved to be that the husband, a very learned, professor of Hebrew, whose college’ occupations no cessitated his absence during most of the day, returned yesterday evening, as usual, at a s .x o’clock. He entered the dining room, where his young wife happened to be, and instantly said I must eat you.” He then rushed r.t her. bit off a large portion ot her nose and one car, and had got as (hr. as her right Shoulder. , when her screams attracted the soVvanU and ' neighbors, who with great difP.culty seized the innatlc. His unfortunate. T ictlm is not la danger, hut is disfigured Ufa.” I