Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, January 29, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated January 29, 1867 Page 2
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(O)kago tribune. DAILY, TRI-WEEKLY AND W EEKLY, OFFICE* He. SI CURK.-T. Tfcer* art three ecmoc* or ibe Tone** Uinod.’ xiu ▼cry jcotblbc, for circolit'ota w earner*, oewraei aodthamaUa. M.TbfT»i Wrmr, iinwiay*. We*- De*d*ya and Fridays, for ti>p te*U* obit: avd iv Wasax.T, co Tber*d*y% for tbe tsilia and lAleitoni ooutlcr and bv newraro. .. - Terms «f the Chlenas TrlbßEet a, r ijjr - < «VrVf:":*3.s§ Dally, to b»H subscribers (per ictatt, p*ya t?«*iD Bdvascrj « <• lIMUI Trt.Weeaiy.fper *at«nr, rayaMelniulVabM) O.fjO Ww4ly, tp« «nat»». nunr ft Bdvaaeei 2 00 tr Prarttotai parts of tbe year at the note rate*. fW~ perron* renittia* aa< ommm Me or more eoplf* of rtlher lilf Trl-Weffcly or Weetjy eSllloa*. msy rsutn i*c per cent of Vh.i rabaertpnoa vrtoe u a msatwioa. Sonet to oriwcenitt*.—n oraenae tbe address ci roar paper* chanted, to prerrat delay, be tare and iprriiy whatMlUon y«o u»r—lr D*kiy, Tri-Weekly, nr Dally. Also, amyootrfjazvTsQdfatarc addreai tr Money, by Draft, Ri*»e*». Honey order*, or in Address, THIRDHE OUm Ohleaca. Ilf* TUESDAY. JANUARY M, 1507. TUB CANAL AND RlVStlt I.TI. rnornnGsri In tbd ■ idler of our Springfield corre.. will f.e b uild a copy of (be bill re. polled by Ibe I!nu*r Cnmtuillceonfmprore ineltls. providing lor .be litipruretuebl oflbe lllli'iilsabilMleblgabCabk'l, Ibclllhiuls, Des ; plalbes ahd Itnek ItiVere, add Ibe eolistrtle. (Inti of a l Irnld LaPalle In fiiiek Island, will, a leedeijlo Dlitill abdßleitlllg. Tli" bill, we believe, bar been ptr|.«leil MideF the e{. perlelieed Mibfleel, auvieeabd eeslslaiiee nf Ibebeel englneeis and must pmetieal luen nl Ibe (Male. li fFMlrt « Himrd nfl'niml tun! HlwG(imi= HlififiilHlfiFfii Id ('Ollfilfil 111 UIH IlHKfllMr, Pw- M»u (il PIHtP, (slid Audlli'f, mnt ilirwotpe: liMIlVl) tlliilWlfi, IllWliOlllfitlfill iHMUimilllllfirt lliui!i,|i«t(n>''iil, rdnlfiii, unit Miiwrliitonil: nnpii iif llk (((((»! work* m timniivumeiH C.l.lMlinlltll'll, «114 WllO Sff 111 lm tl(6_«ll(W|i«: -’ii’fi'iiillij mi-pii ■■ „ . - ■'WlviVnis'iJMi. . Imy Jn?e |o decide wljuii and whtr« U»e improvements pro foi»e ih»4b, tilt! BStenl and CBluro thereof, tlie mode of construction, and, in fact,the whole details of the work; though, ©‘course, the Legislature retains a controlling power over them. This could not he otherwise, it would bo folly for a Legislature to undertake to specify all the details of the grand work, which, when completed, will makt Illinois one of the richest Slates in the Union. The hill wisely commits all this matter to the Board of Com- missioners. confining itself to a designation oflhcgeneral features, which are: I. The deepening and widening of the Illinois and Michigan Canal to the Illinois River. 2. The improvement of the Illinois River ly locks and dams, and otherwise, making it navigable Jo Joliet, oral lejst to LaSalle. S3* Ihe construction of a canal from the Illinois River to the Mississippi, at or near Rock Island. 4. The constriction of a navigable feeder to Reck River, at or near Dixon or Sterling, and the improvement of that river. Toward the construction of one of these works, Chicago bss appropriated two mil lions and a half of dollars, and this bill authorizes an increase of tbat sum to three millions, including tbc work of widening the canal to one hundred feet- Other counties, towns and cities, are permitted to subscribe and appropriate sulfa sums as may be ap proved by tbc people thereof, In aid of the work generally, or of sack portions thereof as may be designated. The bill also makes provision for the application of such sum as may be appropriated by Congress, toward tbc general work, and provides for farther and direct application to Congress for aid to the extent of seven millions of dollars. In addlticn to these means of revenue. Iheic is provision made for the collection of a two mill tax upon the real and personal property of ibis State, tbe proceeds of which are to be devoted to the construction of these works exclusively. The taxable property, under the assess- meet of ISCS, in Illinois, bad a value of 827,100. This assessment Is notoriously no fair exhibit of tbe real value of the tax- ahlcs of the State, and we suppose that the Increase made in this year’s assessment will make the taxable valuation at $450,000,000. This valuation will produce $900,000 per annum. Tbat* sum will bu amply sufficient, in addition to the other resources, to com plete the work rapid!}* and sitUfactoriiy. The objections to this bill will be urged with great violence by the opponents of the measure, and wc propose to lake them np In their order. The two principal objections are : 1. That the tax is a larg' ore to bo col- lec <-d of all the people of the Slate, fora woik which is local In its character and of no benefit except to ti.c counties along the line ul tbc rivers and the canals. - -. • uav tue lesmiing nenents will in no wise compensate lor the outlay and expend! Hire. The lax itself is not a large otic. According I'* the UnitedStutis census ol ISUO, the value cl the taxable property In Illinois, was nversW.»,(XX),ooo. The Hmte valuation for Ih'A, and istat, was less than four huhdred lulllloiih, and with u general Increase of leu I-crrcnt this year, will still b-; leas than one* hail , f the mil taxable value ofauch proper* ty t-eu-n yurts ago. The actual cash value ol the taxable properly lu UU State Is not less Ibau twelve hundred tullllotis of dol* bus. The tax, therefore, Is only upon n nnc third valuation of the property of the Mute, and Is but two-thlrds of a mill upon each dollar’s worth ol properly. The tux Is therefore, hula very Inconsiderable nliulr in M>. If. Define the entml Is finished the public debt of the Slate will have been so reduced, arid the revenue of the State from other sources so increased, that I lie two mill lax now collected annually to pay that drlit, may lie uinlitcd every second year, If not altogether. 'I he work la nut by any means a local one. The clly "f Chicago and the counties Imme. dmlcly nlotig the line of the rivers and < nnals nre not alone interested In this work, mid me not alone to reap its heneilts. The i xiiioloiioi steamboat navigation through the Illinois lllvet lu the lakes, is not a local It inakca Illinois n grand highway h r none It pntst’alro, and Alton, and Mutwneitown, in as direct communication w nli the lobe* ns It does I’corU ordollci. It pU. r. to the people of all parts of the Male the adjutage ■» of water commiMileathm,and iiitiki * t brOhiouudMlaalNsippl lUvcraavaila ble to nil ourpcople. The opening of the ruitul lu Rock island will give to nil tho MU- blutppi counties the means of reaching the Illinois lllvtr, at which point they have the rhnli-e of a market—whether at NcwOrlcans or lluffalo, at Chicago, St. Lou I*, or Pitta* burgh. Every man living within a hundred I miles on either side of the canal will reap mure or Ices the direct benefits of the Im- | provements. Every miller and farmer, every producer and every dealer In the State will have the two-fold benefit—cheap freights to market and cheap freights for the return supply. The construction of these works will be an effectual regulation of railroad tariffs. In Ohio there arc two small canals, the proper ty of the State. They connect the northern and sonthem parts of the State. They are not very extensive structures, but their value has long since been appreciated by the people. The State leases them at nominal rents, hut with a stipulated tariff for tolls. When the railroads venture upon an exor bitant tariff, the people resort to the canals. The railroads have for years bcenseeklng to purchase those canals, and would pay liber. fur them. The railroads could afford to pay the whole cost of constructing the canals to close them up, and then, by an in erase of the rates ol their own freight, make money. As long as the canals, owned by the State, arc limited !□ charges, the rail. p*ads arc held in restraint and cannot practice the extortion, of which there la such univer sal complaint in this State. The canal, w hich will give to four-fifths of the people a cheap and direct communication, North and South, for all their products, must of neces sity operate as a cheek upon, or at least as a relief from, railroad exactions. The value of farm products Is that which can be obtained for them at the place of pro duction. if their value be Increased one fifth by the reduction to that extent of the cost of moving th-'m to market, then the value of the laud Is Increased in a corre sponding degree. If corn, which under the present enormous railroad freights, yields the producer fifty cents a bushel, will yield him, under the cheap canal freights, sixty cents per bushel, then bis land Is in creased In It Its actual value. In the propor tion of the difference between its production of com at sixty cents, and the same at fifty cents per bushel. On a crop of five thousand bushels of corn, the Increased receipts, or saving In A eight alone, on that quantity of com is SSOO. The laud whoso annual pro duct Js Increased five hundred dollars per vear in value, Is necessarily Increased io value to a corresponding amount. These canals must, of course, remain for ever the projwrty of the State ; their rates of toll will be regulated by law. If they arc placed above the mere cost of keeping them In order, the excess will go to the State; If the tolls arc kept merely at a rate sufficient to keep the improvements In repair, then they will prove an immense saving to the State. Wo venture the asser tion that the saving in irrigate to and from thoSlale, passing over these canals, will, in eight years filer their completion, equal their cullrc cost. That Is to say, the whole expenditure will be saved within l*at period, and thr State will have the works at its con trol. No equal sum could be ao wisely and advantageously invested hy the Stale forth? benefit of the whole people. They cau be kept by theSUUaaahlghwiy free to tliopco • pic, or they cAn be tuado a source ol'rcvenucj lu cllbcr whole-people of Illinois, art! not hearties* and oppressive corpora tions. will enjoy the profit and possess all tbC'Praciicsl-bcDoflts.. . ‘ GENEBiX. _FCLLWI’B RAILROAD BILL, VCc publish elsewhere this morning, the railroad bllHufroduccd in the Senate, yes terday, by General Fuller, entitled “ An Act concerning Ilallioad Routes, knd the con solidation > of Railroad Corporations, and tVc’ghlng Grain by luch Corporations.” The great importance of any legislative ocllon on thcse-subjccts, effecting as' it must the personal interests of almost every cltixcn ot Illinois, will secure fbr this mcssurcagrcater' ebare of public attention, perhaps, Ihautkuy other that will be proposed In' the Loglslo* turc during the present session. The hill declares that all railroad corporations now organised and doing business in the State, or which shall hereafter be organized and do business In the State, shall be shbjcct to the rates for freight and passengers established In the aet or lhatbliall hereafter bo prescribed by law. Thus In the first section la asserted the power of ibu peopld, speaking ■ through ihclr representatives, to control the great corporations they bare authorized wllhln seine reasonable limits, to confine them to the purposes fbr which their char ters were granted, and to prevent those gross Impositions and abuses by which the public welfare ahd briefest are triade subordinate to Ibe trill ahd Interests of ibe corporators* it is, in fact, an asset tiun of the right of the jwople to iifevetu (beie enrhoratloos which never Cniiiu have existed without (heir turn* sent, from wielding their great power to uu> presi (he people and eainri tnoiiev n»r their imfitrggfandiiteinenh If this power Is lithe: rent in (he (Hate, it ought to be etereUed* If it does iiute*b>U to (he (orporalloiift it has eslalilwhed, and (he people are realty at the mercy of the pop.- pnratlona, (ha tooner (he mader It («*>t«rt ami (ha( foot aiKhorltadvely made known, thu heller* charged on the drat nr January, lm slant, both for freight find passengers, with the details of Die distance from station to station, and the rates charged between all stations, and this must be verified by the < utb o| the Superintendent and Secretary. Alter the twemy.flflb day of next March no railroad shall charge or receive more than three cents per mile for carrying passengers; nor shall any other corporation or person use or operate any railroad now* constructed, or which may hereafter be constructed, and charge for the conveyance of passengers and freight over such road a greater sam than Is proscribed In the act. And on or before the twenty-fifth day of next March every rail road shall reduce its rates for the conveyance of freight over Its lines. The amount of this redaction is not fixed in the copy cf the bill before us, bat we understand it Is designed to propose that the reduction shall not be less than twenty per cent of the amount charged on the first day of January instant. Gut in order to guard against an unjust reduction, the fifth section of the bill provides tbat in case any railroad corpora tion !s dissatisfied with tbe rates established by law. it may apply, by petition in writing, to the Governor, Auditor ot Public Accounts, and Stale Treasurer, for an increase of such rates, which petition shall particularly set forth the causes of such application, and be verified by the oath ot the Superintendent and Secretary. The Governor and other officers named arc authorized and required to entertain, hear and determine all ques tions thus submitted to them, and to Increase tbe rates. If satisfied tbat sufficient cause exists, provided that tbe rates shall not be increased to exceed those ebarged January Ist, and tbat the action of the Governor, Ac., shall bo subject to such alteration and modification os the General Assembly may hereafter direct. Any wilful violation of tbc provisions of tbc act on the part of a corporation, shall be deemed and taken to be a forfeiture of its franchises. Tbc second great feature of tbe bill, Is tbc seventh section, which repeals all laws or parte of laws now in force, authorizing tbe consolidation of railroad corporations, and declaring illegal and void all such consolida tions heretofore made without tbe express authority of the General Assembly. Tbe evils resulting from the consolidation of these powerful corporations, have boon pointed out In the columns of tbc Tiuduxe, and those provisions of the bill meet with our cordis) approval. Thu third distinguishing feature of the pro posed law Is intended to remedy an evil to which we have alluded in recent articles. The eighth section requires that “ each ani ” ever}' railroad corporation shall, within “ Unco mouths from the passage “of this act, fit up and there -41 after keep up and maintain la good ** order convenient and accurate scales, at •tnituu on tt« lino of road; and when- “ ever requested so to do, shall accurately ‘‘weigh all grain transported by It ut tfte 4< station where the same shall be received, ‘•end shall deliver to the owner of such "groin, or his agent, a reedpt in trhich shall ** be staled the true weight qf aucA grain, the “ date of Its receipt, and the place and per. “ son where and to whom It Is consigned, “and the number of the car in which the “same shall be stripped; and such corpora " tion shall be liable as common carriers to ’Mho owners, for the delivery of such grain, “ and no special or advanced rates shall he ’’charged on account of said weighing.” Any corporation refusing so to weigh and receipt fur such grain, shall bo liable to a penalty ot twice the value of said grain; but no corporation shall bo required to weigh md ship lu bulk grain in less quantities limn five tons. The eleventh section pro* vies penalties against corporations and agents for violations of the law. It will thus he scon that tills net content* pistes three measures of great Importance: Ist. To control the roles lor the conveyance of freight and pnsscngcis; 2d, to prevent the, consolidation of railroad corporations* and annul nil such consolidations already made as were not expressly authorised by taw; and, tid, to compel the railroads loglvo ejM’dllo 1 receipts for grain transported over their lines. The bill lias evidently been pre pared with much study snd care. The pimple anxiously look for some legislative action on this subject, and wo have no doubt but lbo public sentiment will sustain General Knl* let’s bill as the best that can lie done under existing circumstances, TIIK I’AltK lllhb, Wo published yenlenlay n tiUl prepared by n number of our citizens for a public park for tbe towns of South Chicago, Hyde Park and Lake, to bo Introduced shortly In the Logts- Inturc. Tbo bill provides for tho appoint* mcni of a Board of Park Commissioners by the Judges of the Superior Court, who shall have power to locate a park, and condemn the land for the same, not exceeding one thousand acres, and shall assess tho value of such land, and also the benefits accruing to tbe adjoining land. Tho land Is to bo select* cd within the space bounded on the north by Donglas Place, on the cast by the Lake, on tbe south by Junction avcnac, and on tbo west by Michigan avenue. [Junction avenue Is the road running irom tho Rock Island Junction to Lake Michigan, a short distance south of Hyde Park]. The Commissioners arc authorized to issue bonds of the towns of Sonth Chicago, Hyde Park and Lake, to tbe amount of one million dollars, for the par* poses of tbe uet. Tbe bill Is to be submitted 1 o the people of Sonth Chicago for their vote at tbe ensuing municipal election. Tbe bill appears to us to be open to amendment In some of its most Important parts. There Is no provision requiring the holders of property, benefitted by the park, to pay any definite proportion of the cost of the land proposed to be condemned. Tbl* proportion should bo fixed m tho bill. If not so fixed, every bolder of adjoining pro perty can resist tho assessment, and fight the Commissioners through the courts; and the result will be that a very small sum win be collected from such adjoining property, while the benefits accruing to it. from the location and Improvement of tbe park, will be very great. Moreover, the Commissioners I should bo required, In their selection of I ground, to invite competition, so lar as prac- 1 livable, both as to the sale of land and as to the hones to be paid by the holders of other property in tho vicinity. There should also be a requirement that the property taken for the park should be in one body, and of some particular shape. Under tbe proposed bill U may be of any shape, or no shape at all, or it may be composed of disjointed frag ments of land, Of conrse such la not tho in tention of the framers of the bill. Section 17 of the bill says that "the real estate and property of said board shall be exempt from taxation.*' If this means that the Park and Park property shall be exempt from taxation It is entirely proper, and tbe language of the act should be made to con form to that idea. It should not be so worded that the private properly of tbo Commis sioners may escape taxation. Any misun derstanding on this point would bo fatal to the bill. If tbe people of South Chicago, Hyde Park and Lake want a park located and Improved as provided in this bill there is no reason why they should not have It. Tho clanao requiring It to bo submitted to the people is its most essential feature, and should be made a star qua non in any bill tor this purpose. This section should be amended In two particulars. Firtt , the vote ol the people in the towns of Hyde Pork and Lake should be taken at the same time with the vote In South Chicago. The bill, as published, does not require any vote at all 1 v those towns. Second, the phraseology should by so changed si to require a majority ol qJT»rmafu«e voles to secure Us ratification. As the bill stands, a majority of tugjlivt votes arc required to reject tt, the practical effect of which is to count all neutral votes east at the coming municipal election as being In favor of the bill. lu a matter of so much importance, Involving so large an expendi ture of money and so many private interests, nothing less unmistakable sanction of the people should warrant ibe Legtilatorcr In passing any'Wli cm tbl'subject.- This! point being proper rcknlatlonsl for canyassingtbp / Toics v uid.tho MU being amended'to socnc v of Usdcialls. thtre will plenty of lime for* the people to discuss It between now and the coming municipal elec tion. TUB TARIFF ON SALT* One ot the sophistries of ihe tnrllT lobby cqnatotedn* saying that all the money ex pended ’fbrfbrclgn productions Is so much lost to the country, If the same articles can be produced In this country at two or three times (ho cost of bringing them from other countries* - Upon tile same principle each man who buys a coat or blanket loses money by not (Poking his own coat and raising the wool ofwhlch It Is composed, and each mau who drinks tea loses money by not raising It In his own hot-house. It Is argued that If this country, for Instance, buys a million dollars* worth of salt from Turks Island, when the same salt could be produced lu New Turk or Michigan at two and a half limes the cost, the country loses a million dol lars; Now (be present farin' nn salt, nna uf (be deeessartes nf life, uf wbtcb the poor man eunsnilies as bitlcb as Ibe Hell, isnne Arnidmf end sbt/p per eeaf, and yet Ibe deiiale larlir bill raises tbe duly lb pro Abndrnf /».r real, and debater ObabdlcF fell aggrieved because It was «ul raised lu lire Auadrsd sudyl/fgpsr rruf / Let ua see liuw tbe balluiml pnim and line .lends mi a uiillibb dullara 1 wurlb nf salt hum Tibbs 1 Islandt and a uillllnn dullars 1 wnilli Rom deualor Chandler, ur thnse whnee Interesla he represent*. We send to ITirbe' Island nue uillltnii dollars' worth nf Ainerieso |irrduee, and reeelve one iiillltnn dollars' worth of salt In reliirn. There I* nn less here eertalnly, heean.e we heve got haetf dollar hir dollar In value, nMHIH H>»* - T*S »p* »«} <4„| Able, We wanted the salt roora than wo wanted the things exchanged for It, There fore wo have gamed the satisfaction of our want, which is the object of all industrial endeavor. On the other hand, we give Sen ator Chandler, or his friends,a million dollars 1 worth of American prod nee, and received in exchange—what? Three hundred and filly thousand dollars* worth of salt. The differ ence in favor of Turks* Island is six hundred nnp fitly thousand dollars. Bear in mind that salt is the thing wc arc after. The art of making salt Is no higher than the art of hav ing salt. For a barrel of floor we can get four bar rels of salt from Mr. Chandler. For the came barrel of flour we can get len barrels of salt from Turk's Island. The proflt In buy. lug from Turk’s Island Is therefore equal to six barrels of salt. But, say the tariff phi losophers. If we trade with Brother Chan dler we save the barrel of flour in this coun try. and that is a national gain! On the contrary, if Mr. Chandler were not engaged in making salt at a loss of six barrels in every ten he produces, he would-be making something else at a profit. There are still some things which can be produced In the Called States at a proflt in spite-of the pecal legislation of Congress, and It Is probable th at a person of Mr. Chandler’s Ingenuity would And some wav to earn an honest living, if he were not boiling ralt. But he could be supported in the poor-bouse cheaper than be can be kepfboll ingsalt at a loss of six barrels In every ten— the people of the United States being taxed to make np the difference. We do not suppose that Mr. Chandler has any personal Interest In any salt works. He Is too shrewd a man to engage In a business which holds its existence by so precarious a tenure as the shifting legislation of Con gress, and If he were engaged in such busi ness. be would be the last man to raise an agitation about it, which would lead the people to Inquire how much It was costing them to keep his salt works in operation. Whiskey Fbauds.—Tbs testimony recent ly taken In New York by the Congressional Investigating Committee proved very con clusively tbat 21,000,000 of proof gallons of whiskey bad been manufactured In that city during the preceding year. If the excise had been faithfully paid on this quantity, the tevenuo derived therefrom would be $42,000,000; but the actual receipts fall short of|G,ooo,ooo showing tbat the Government was cheated out of over. $30,000,030 on whiskey In that one city alone. If the tax on whiskey were reduced to one dollar per gallon there might he some hope of collect ing a moiety of tbc Government dues ; but a two dollar tax can never bo enforced and collected. The profits it affords is so enor mous that the temptation to commit frauds becomes an over mastering Influence. Tbe Government Inspectors arc bought up, and thenceforth aid the distiller In cheating the revenue. When one is caught and discharg ed bis place is taken by another man who applies for it with the mental Intent to divide profits and. mako his pile as speedily as possible. If a second officer Is appointed as a check and watch on the flrst one, ho Is also bribed, and thus the process of fraud, perjury and corruption goes on—the 1,000 per cent of clear profit made by cheating the Govern* tncnl frirnUhlng the money wherewith the officials me corrupted and the illicit distiller curetted. Ho fur It has exceeded the wit of the rev enue officers to devise a method to prevent swindling the Govctumcnl out ol the tax. Au old whiskey Inspector In New York proposes this plan of assessment: ”To measure the distilling capacity of the place, deduce therefrom the nulla of Iho raw ma terial employed, and assess each unit at a specified rale.” This scheme might help to correct the evil somewhat among the licensed distilleries; but It would not reach un licensed, Illicit stills In nit parts of the United tf tales which produce tens of millions of gal lotin on which not n cent of lax Is paid, nor would It tend to prevent (ho smuggling of a single gallon of liquor across our long and exposed boundary linos. A reduction of the tax to one dollar will lake away one-half n| the (lecunlary temptation to commit frauds of any kind. It Is out of lids extra dollar that Iho fraudulent dealer obtains his means of bribery, and smuggling, and blockade running. Tho very llrst thing, thorol'oro, to do la, to reduce tho excise to unn-haif ol lu present excursive amount. Wlmt la the u»o ol keeping a rale of taxation which it la Im possible to collect T fctT'An interesting suit hon just been tried In the Fourth District Court of New Orleans. After tho capture of that city by the Federal forces, in 18(13, General Duller prohibited transactions In Confederate currency. The Dank of Louisiana bad a large amount o( that paper on band, and wanted to settle Us accounts with it outside the Federal lines. Permission was accordingly obtained to send an agent' into the Confederacy, and Eugene F. Garda went, carrying with him half a million dollars, and settled accounts with various banks to that amount. For this ser vice be claimed five thousand dollars, which the bank retased to pay. He brought suit, and the jnry awarded him three thousand dollars. The subject of building a bridge across tbe East River from New York to Brooklyn, is in agitation. A bill for the purpose has been lutiodoced In tbe State Senate, tbe Board of Supervisors of Kings County baa ap proved of the scheme, and tbere seems to bo a good prospect of its success. The Brooklyn ferries have long been a grievous monopoly, against which the people have struggled in vain; and the icc in tho rivers frequently renders the passage of ferry-boats slow and dangerous and frequently altogether impossi ble during the winter season. A bridge would be of incalculable benefit to the tens of thousands who find U necessary to cross from one city to the other daily. In tbe debate in the Senate on the Ta riff bill, last Wednesday, Mr. Fessenden soured the lobby by venturing to suggest, In the mildest manner, that it would not be fair to allow the manufacturers to frame bills and drive them through Congress to snit them selves—that tho commercial interests of tbe conntry were entitled to some consideration, and that tbe consumers of manufactures were perhaps entitled to some consideration. Mr. Fessenden has since been denounced as a free trader, although he declared himself in the same context to be the oldest protectionist on the floor of the Senate- The tariff lobby do not allow a man to differ from them on the question whether they shall take all he has got, or only a part. A typographical error occurred In tbe publication ofonc of the resolutions passed by tbe Board of Directors of the Western Asso ciated Press at their recent meeting in Cleve land. The error consisted in the substitu tion of “New York” for “Northwestern" in the following resolution: Rttolrtd. That tbe subject of exchange of neve between tUls Association and tbe SorUiw'tltm Association, be put In the hands of tbs Kxeco live Committee, and they are sntbotlzcd to accept cot less than f ISi per week as their quota or the cost of Atlantic Cable despatches, ana tor the dtf f-rrnce in the quantity and value of the nows fur nished them by ibta A aociatlon. The Richmond HAig publishes ibis pinersph: “Caroline James, a colored woman, died In this diy on the 18th Inst, at tbs advanced sge of 180 years. Shows* only once married, and leaves ibhly-flve children, Mic was formerly a slave of Mr. Benjamin Pilcher." Professor Pawccti, M. I*., has married, but ta pennllted to retain bis fellowship of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, under tbs new statute, which would have horrified tbe medieval monastics who found ed the oollccr, allowing tbs election of a Benedict (0 a fellowship* FROM .'PRINSFIELD. Bill fur the Proposed Canal Im provements. An Important Measure. Provisions for jau Eaj'ly Oomplar tion- of the GreatOanaf Pro- \ jeoto. A State Board of Canal and River Commissioners. The Public Printing. Legislative JT.itteri Relating to Agri- cultural Interests. LSpoaal Correspondence o.' Uie Chicago Trltmoe-1 111, January t*. The following bill to provblo f“r tbe prose, cutlun of the Internal Imp. nrrnicnls con* (emulated In the enlargement o f tbe Illinois and Michigan Canal; the imprrremaut of Illinois Hirer j the building of a c.'uni from lire Illinois Rlrer, at or near Henne.n lu t *° Hock Island, with feeders, Ac.; and th.a Im provement of Ruck Hirer, was Introdn eed Into the liouso to da,, by Mr. Stacey, ClisL'- ttiall of tile Cmnmlllee oh lnlmi.l Improve Ineiila. Tim bill has been prepared milts hiueb eare and deliberation, aided by tbd Very best legal and praelleal blinds 111 Ibe Stale, and, It Is believed, will meel (be re. oulreinenla Ilf the proposed Improvements. The eumiiilUee and (be blends of lheniens= urea feel very euufldeui (hut the hill, of eoitfelhin# very like li, will heeume « lew * ..fckeiiON Jl.ilmi loMHi» Ike PAMDIegeH nfiim fljfem* nn«i MieHieftfi • mull, mioii snoi)': pn Iftp m ilmiiil Ih Dm tw Ijtifi. AH(\.ll t.BMHHt) flfflajirijligri HPU, HHll l(|y|( tlmpimpiiMlm hjpmtoH id Mm hn-aoei wmith or > ij w lwj»fn w»wi h'*l«4'» of Mm p*m ( , Ihhwmi» CMnitfb add l«daJK m may tm iMmurf ts»i.eiMun( i or «i'im «uct» nUn or rlarn m may !m bi«t#afiar adontad, and |)m coniMdctmn rtfa canal urn CHUiieiUuff with Hie M«ck JMvur, at or near Ibe riMra mi liuuß and hlarllmr, a- may I.a necessary nr rtualiaUu; a|s» such Improvement u| (be J)a«. idaines, Illinois, and Muck llivors, as may be flerrocd beat ur udvUalilu by the Hoard of Canal and Itlvcr Improvements. tiao. a. 'lbo Governor la hereby anthorlaed and empowered, and shad, by and with die advice and i (iiiaenl of ibo Senate, apimlnt three discreet and aklllnl person*, who. loceiher with the Governor. and Auditor, .ball be known as !nf l llvcr Improvements of the Htaie of Illinois. The three persons appointed by the bovtrnor, by and unh the advice and con sent ot the Senate, shall be known aa the Canal Commissioner*, who shall continue In office for the term of el* years, with the exception of two of the # nombcr first appointed, one of wh'm shall serve for two years and the other for font year*, and all ofthum until their successors are ed and qualified. Any vacancy, by death, tobic nation, or removal from ibo State, may be filled by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate at Its next session. * Skc. d. TLe Board of Canal and Biver Improve meet stall decide all questions as to tbe location acd plana general!y ot such Improvements, and the amount to be expended on any particular im provement in a ctyen time. hxc. 4. Tbe Canal Commlasio'cn* so appoint ed ahull annually elect oneot their nomberiobe President ihereol; and said Caml Commission ers are hereby constituted a body politic and corporate, with full power and authority in tbelr corporate name to contract and be contracted with, see and be seed, defend and be defended, plead and be impleaoed, in all matters and things relating to item as such - Commissioners, and they shall have a common seal, of such device as they may adopt. bzc. 5. The said Canal Commissioners shall appoint a SenrLary, whose duty it shall be to keep a record of all tberr proceedings. They shall hold quarterly meeting*, and special meetings when ever any two of mem msy desire it. aim two mem bers than cons’ltnte a qnornm to do any bnainc*s except awarding contractu, me certificate of the* Secretary under seal shall be evidence ot tnu mat ters acd things therein stated. Sec. 6. Before entering upon the duties of tbeir office, each of said Comm iss toners shall make oath or affirmation faithfully, honestly and truly to ex eente and discharge all the duties and obligations herein imposed npon them, or elthetr 01 tb a m, as Commissioners, and they shall sen-rally give bonds payable to thu Governor of the Suite orllti noie, and hu successor in office, for the use of the State. In tne snm 0ff25,000, with good and sn>ll dent security forthe faithful discharge of the du ties impos'd npon them by this act: Provided that the Governor may require additional security of the said CommUsloners, whenever be may think it necessary or advi-ablo. t'vc. 7. rhe said Canal Commissioners shall take effleten* and proper measures for the com mencement and completion of the Improvements named lu this act. and shall pat saco parts of them as they n. ay deem proper under contract, as herein provided : and snail have tbe management, care ana snpenntendorco thereof, and mat an pi tut a General Superintendent, ana employ such ana somaiiyenglnecrs.draasbtsmcnand other per sona as' they ma>- deem necessary to enable them to discharge their onucs. and may pay such com pensation as they shall deem reasonable to each person so employed. Sec. 8. Each of said Canal Commissioners thall receive an annua) salary oi $3 000, wbich anionmmaybe changed at any session ot the payable quartet ly in equal instal ments, and shall bo subject to removal for official mieleasance or malfeasance by the. Governor, whenever. in bis opinion, charges ot either char acter shall b<* *astaipcd. Sec. t». No mi mber of said Canal Commission ers rball bo concerned or interested, cither direct ly or Indirectly, in any contract concernin'* such impiovemente,either in their construction, or for materials, anopllea or privileges growing out of Ibe rnmc in any manner, nor shall the baperinp-n --dent or any oi tbc engineers, draughtsmen, clerks, secrelaiv or employes of said Canal Commit lionets be so,interacted or concerned. brc. lU. ba«d Cana) Commissioners are hereby authorized and empowered to make the necessary preliminary Harveys fur tbe adoption of plans, m>u \tntu th» «rn adopted by said Board of Caral and Hirer Improvement, tr/inrai* such locks, dams, weirs, Ac., as may l>e Indicated in said g( nets) plans for river imorovemcots. and to locale the canals, with the b'aocheu or leaders and dams tor the same, with fnll porter to feed said canals wlih water from the Hock River, Green Hlver, Winnebago Hwarap, orsnch other sources as mat be deemed necessity or advisable. Bxc. 11. Bald Cana) Commissioners shall from lime ty time furnish ihe Mate Auditor with esti mates ot the probable amount of money neces sary lo make ihepayments on the conducts a period nut exceeding one month, and the Auditor shall diaw his warrant o*< the Slate Treasurer for the amount named In each estimate in bn or of the said Commissioners. Sac. 13. the said Canal Commissioners shall hold Ibe moneys so drawn from Iho HUtc Treas ury, and pay too same only upon the order of the President or itm said Commissioners; übich or* dcr aiitll bo accompanied with a siacraenf of the work for which payment It madot and the said Canal Commissioners eliail make monthly rdturns to the KUte Auditor of all money paid out by them, together with the vouchers lor the Mine, and for iho unexpeiub-d money* rosiMnbig to their hands. And the Auditor or Plata Treasurer shall, from limn lo time,« requested by iho President of said Commissioners, furnish him with a statement of (ho amount of moneys In Ibo Treasury which may be used la lbs consliuc lion of sold Improvements. bao. 18. No contracts shall bole! tlntll iho nr cersnry surveys are made and iho plans adopted, noruiiUl one IbsUvliueut ol tbo tsx hereinaf ter provided for shall have been paid, or ih«t necessary fnnos areothprwtse provided: and the work mar he divided or let In sections, as mar bo decided by said Canal Cunimfrslunms. acu tho wmk on stl coiiiraclsmnv lie suspended whenever the slate ol Uio donees shall require 111 t’ritvi dni, however, that said fatal Commissioners may foiltiwllh commence the construction »l a dam, with lock, on (he Illinois Him, M*een (he chips ufiVurls and UHolle, and for making ne> cessary surveys ai.d examinations ol thn Improve- Hunts contemplated, the cost ol which ntmlt tie paid out ofany funds now in treasury, or which may hen alter Im paid l< to the same, not other wise appropriated, or any unexpended balance of any appropriations. Mr. H. No contract for any work eirei-dlng one but drrd dollars in cost shall be let until ihe same slmll have Iwcn advertised lo some dally paper published In the city of Chicago, auo to the city of r-prtugdtdd at least one week, and at least tom weeks prior to the time named for idling such contract, and all bidding shall ha by se dad bids, ted those of the lowest responsible bidders shall be taken. Bxc. 1&. The Canal Commissioners shall require all pantea taking contracts to inrnlsh sa-Ufsnory (Kinds for the completion of the work undertaken by them, and shall name thi* amount to be mimed In such bond at the time the cuntracla are awarded. Hcc. 10. All contracts may be let upon an esti mate or schedule of the cost and price of labor and materia!, at the time ot such reitrog; and If the Commissioners shall decide to so let snchcon tracts, then. In that case, whenever the cost o price of such labor or material shall advance tea per cent above that named tn the schedule, then ten percent may be added to the contract; and whenever the cost or price shall Call ten per cent below that named in sneb schedule, then ten per cent may be deducted from the contract; aud in either ease, whenever a change Is made, a new schedule eh»ll be made which sbail be used as a base tor subsequent chances, which shall bo made In the same manner; and IF any contractor shall tnrnlsh any fictitious pay-roll or bills of cost, for the purpose of preventlrg chances tn the contract price, the Board shall bav* the right to annul anch contract and re’et the work. Fie. 17. In ease the United States shall ap propriate a sum of money equal to one-third the estimated cost of said Improvement, then the S’aio of Illinois may assume the contracts now or liereaflerrnade by the diy or Chicago, and com plete the payments to be made by the tenor and conditions of each contracts; auo until such con tracts are assumed by tbe Staie.sald city of Chica go shall continue the construction of tho deep cat on the plant adopted by tbe Board of Public Woikt. created tor that pntpose. which said Board of Public Works ot the city of Chicago shall annually report to the Board of Canal and River Improvements, hereby created, all the facta concerning said Improvements under their charge. Sac. V. The outstanding bonds of the State which are now a lien upon the franchise* and rerennes of tbe Illinois and Michigan Cainl, may be refunded or replaced by new bonds by the Governor; Provided. That the consent of the bond bolucra can be bad to anch exchange or re tarding, and tnch ns consent may make tbe ex change lor new bonds; Provided, That such new bonds shall not bear Interest to exceed aii per cent per annum, nor be renewed fora longer period of time than twenty years. t*tc. 19. U thcownereorholdersof said bonds shall s tonify their assent to ench refunding of the Canal bonds, or a majority of the holders thereof shall make such exchange then It shall be lawful tor said Board to take possession of the Illinois and Michigan Case) for and in behalf or the State, and manage the same, as has heretofore been managed by tbe Canal Trustees, eofiras the same xtay be practicable lr its enlargement into a Ship Canal, and the change of plans which may be adopted. Sac. SO. For the purpose of commencing and completing the Improvements herein mentioned, and ot raising the necessary tnnds therefor, an annul tax of two mills on the dollar of all tax ational and personal property In the State of Illinois be and the same is hereby levied, and such annual levy shall be continued until said Im provements arc completed, or tho necessary funds arc otherwise provided, and the proceeds ot such lax arc hereby appropriated tor the purposes of this act, at d snail not be used for any other pur pose whatsoever. sic. si. Tbe towns, cities and counties along the line of the said improvements, orcontl<oous thereto, or either ol them, are hereby authorized and empowered, by the Board of Superiors m counties adopting the towns hip organization, and by the County court In other counties, to sol*- scribe or contribute stuns of mon«-y m aid of tbe construction of such improvements, which sub scriptions shall be a JeJn upon the revenues of the improvement npou which such money Is expend ed, after the payment of the debts contracted In tbe construction thereof; Profited, Thai If a sub scription of more than SIOO,OOO Is made in auy county. It shall be submitted to tbe people ol such county tor ratification at the next regular election, and be by them railficd by a majority ot persons i \uiIgk for or against such subscription,, *.Sxc. 23. The city •*! Chicago is hereby author , (red to issue Its boeds lo tbe amount of (jOO,OOO. lobe expended In widening said canal to one hundred feet, in addition to toe $ ’,&oo,uno author, i laeil in the act appioved February 10,1S(V\ In the manner and upon the terms, conditions and pro | visions mentioned sod expressed in aald act. 1 Bao. 23. Ihcto shall be appointed by the Gover nor two persona, who, togvfber wt>b the Gover nor, shall constants a commission to presenttr tie Cong roes ot the United Btates, ana urge tbe necessity of an Immediate and liberal approprla •loa in aid of tfccse Improvements. Sucb com* tairrioii 10 nae ila i>cst eadoavora to seco’e an ap* oronrltllon of at least seven millions of dollars aid oi Hie improvements berela named; and, 'o furtherance ot the objects of this section, Ibe (lotemor is hereby antliorucd to draw bis war* rant or warrants upon the Treasury for an amount nol ctceidlag tenihonrand dollars, and ibeTre&f met la hereby autbotlxsd to pay the eamo oat of ary moneys not otherwise appropriated or any < unexpcrdedbalanceof any appropriation. Sec. 24. . Is Ihc event m an appropriation by thel United State* In Bid oftbe proposed improvement*,! and no especial direction hball be given as to' wbat particular branch thereof li shall lie expend-) cd upon, *ncb appromla lon shall be expended upon all the. proposed Improvements in proper. . Hon to the coalot etch. btc. 55. Whenever *ny eoontv,clly or town shall by Its vote or by its office's,make any subscription or dot ation in ala of any ot the oroposed Im provements, the money so raised or granted shall rot be need upon any other Improvement than tne one In which they are Immediately Interested. bxo. SO. In case (be d»y of Chicago shall Id any new contracts In the completion of work now or bcrcalier nndcriaken by Said city, in coiwirnctlng part* of sa’d Improvements, ihc Hoard of Public ’ Works baring the asme in their immediate charge ard control, aball bare the right to make each contracts upon the term* and condlilona mention ed In Section 16 of (bla act. Sac. S 7. Whenever It aball be necessary to take possession of, or Dow any land or lands, or con struct dams, locks or other Improvement*, the said Board shall proceed to am! shall condemn the same In accordance with the provisions o( the act In condemn ibe right of way for porporesof internal Improvi'tnrnla, annroved dune 22. IBM. 6x0.83. Whenever the Stale shall lake no*ses slou of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, all ofthe powets tod dnlica oflbe Trustee* thereof relative to canal lands and issuing or granting deeds there lor.stiatl devolve upon Ibe Canal Coramlrslouers hereby created, except that nil moneys due nr to be paid mi any (tie*, contracts, certificates. or other evidence of Indebtedness, shall be paid to tleHiate Treasurer, ami all of the dupes of said Trustees telallte *o the mausgemstjt, tolls, con tracts. repairs, ac., shall devolve upon the said Canal Comuibrleners, and be by ihetn (il'cliar jed as hilly as the said Trustees were autborta.-d by any law lo discharge Ibe same, and they shall have like power ebd emAmlfpin Ibe management m all inter ImplOtemettls, or parts Uieteofi which shall be by them futshtaleih enlarged or Ini * Prt* W; The skid Cthal CoirifeilMlonMSi 1H lifo; iff. ‘tllba (he tv'Wk nf Itntddvlng tbs ijlliiuts ami ifmV- IWWi WiflibS.ehfaignnMil Ihd eklehslOH iVnbt jH’MI.Md MlcWalt CfUtal, Hum Ilia tb m 1,.,. In (be Mlsslsylpbl Hlvef. si or beef Ifyek iX fd. i(is» tifmefd wllli I lit* biibii slid litb iVbVtWe. tjvJHf'UHl (iflef Kid Kislltl/eifoblii l(J ffiitf stale»»f fiertibin*--? mid nteiieeVUh «fwW m ihe Plate uf iilliidis tv ill hsf r lSfl. at, *| b* QtiPfl nqmuiUijflbem >fsln ind UitiyarMl* likHw suitHtil s (lUI *i lun rmi'ifl I l»n 1.1 Snip. ‘ HfIM Ptticorl'linoN. Hi one ill, J,vS* taKr! U 'll rsffH w BU-sino til Ute i*ifj«lk* Jm» i 1 wVjKfi Pt»i»U be liy lilbi sHbwnted lo I,l^ W ilf i»c, wn or nsisoni w|m aball wan* \mJvJif:^^ fore any Jiubccof flu * » or other mttetr, slut) be. Dm a not lea. t than fife dollars, nor lucre than five hundred c olUra, |o bs collected ftJ Dora In other cstea, rsc, 82. Any person or n arsons wno shall break doun, destroy, or suenpt u ’ destroy, cot ibronpb any embankment, or ms’ic. 'oualy injure suy of tbe works consUuclej, In tbe, tocois of construc tion, or iiudur tbo ebaree or co, drol of asm Com missioners, shall bu gniily of a tciuny, and, upon conviction (hereof, aball be coitfln «d in tbe State Penitentiary for a period not lest (ban one. nor more than ten yean. Sxc. 83. This act shall be In force. Bum slid after Its paarage. Senator Fuller’s BallroaA BUI. [Special Correspondence of th* Chicazo Tribune.) SrniNoriELO, 111., Jan. 'ocySS- The following is a copy of the bill to pre scribe the rales of railroad fares and fr eight* introduced to day in the Senate by Sc. tator Fuller; A Box for an actcorcerelog railroad rates ,'od tbe consolidation of raliroaa corooradous, at'd weighing grain by such corporations. Section 1. Be I' enacted b y th* Peoph of th* Stzh ' ofjllinoit reprarntf* in the Gf/ural Assembly, /hatjill railroad corporations organized and do* log burln‘69 m this btate, or which roayhe«e after be organised and do business m this State,nn der any act or Incorporation or general law or tma State now In lorce, or which may hereafter be cnac cd by the General Assembly orthip Stale, eba'l be ana are hereby limited to such rates or Chartres for the conveyance of passengers and Irelght in this State as are hereinafter prescribed, or which may hereafter bo prescribed oy law. Sec. 2. On or before the ifth day of March next, each and every sneb railroad corporation do* Inir basinets la this State shall file with the Secre tary ofStateascbcdul'! or tanfioi rates in force on its lines on the Ist of January, lSfi7. which schedule shall contain a full and accurate state ment ot theamount or rates charged for the con veyance of any person from each station on said road to each ana every other station on said road road respectively, ami also an accurate acd full statement ot the rale* charged -by each road fur the conveyance ol all hinds of height between each station on said road, which schedule shall be verified by the oath of its upcilrtcndeu and Sec iclary. *ec. 3. No such railroad corporation shall, after the twenty-fifth day of March next, charge or receive lor the conveyance of any person over Its road a greater enm t&au three cents per mite, nor lor any person under ten years of age more than one-half that sum per mile. Nor shall any other corporation, person or persona use or oper ate any railroad now constructed, or which may hereafter be constructed in this {‘tab*, and charge lor the conveyance of passengers and freightover such road a geat-r sum than la prcscr.oed for such conveyance in this act Sec. -I. On or before tbe fifth day ofMarch next, each and every railroad corporation doing busi ness in this state shall reduce its rates for the conveyance of freight over I’a lines at loait per cent of tbe amount so charged by it for the conveyance ol finch freight on tbe let day of Jan uary, ISC7; and it ahail be unlawful for any such railroad corporation to charge or receive a greater rate lor tbe conveyance of such freigot alter the fifth day of Match, IS<>7, than the reduced rates as above provided; and it shall not be lawftil to charge tor transportation. of property over any portion of anv such railroad, a gi eater rate per mile than shall be charged per mile over any other portion of snch railroad of equal lergtti. Sec. S. in case any snch railroad corooratlon shall be dissatisfied with tbe tales hereby estab lished for the conveyance of freight as prjvtoed fer in this act. It ehall be lawttu for such cor poration to apply, by petition In writing, to the Governor, Ana Uor of Public Accounts and Bute Tn astuer fur an increaao of such rates herein es- labUsbvd: which palnon, verified oy (be oath of die Hupctlntendentand Secretary ot such corpora tion, ehnll act forth panlcularfr the can-es of each application. The Governor, Andltor of Pub* He Account* and Tieastirororeherehy authorized, and U la made tbeir duty to enlertalo. hear and dricttninoaU questions thus submitted to them In BULH |M il<lon. Ihn, e>nv IllCtlVl’ flllCb written nr oral, a* may be sumnuit*! to ibam touching the application of area cnrpomtl n for an incteaaoor such rates; and if in Ibelr Jndg mint, ora majority of Iboro, It eball appear that tbomo* for tr*e conveyance of freight*, aa estab lished In this act, are too low. they may Increase lbs came to such ism aa In tbetr Judg ment 1* Just and icaaonablo; and Itabatl thereaf ter be lawful fur such corpora lion lo receive tor the conveyance of such fielghta the rates aa thna increas'd: J+otid'd, hotrrver, such rat*a aa thus (released shall on no article ol freight exceed the amount etarged and retched by such corporation on tbo Unu rtiy of January, 1WI: Ami provided, fuvihrr, that the rales lor tbo convoynncooi pas sengers and freight as established tn ihh act, and for the cmiverauce of trolaht a* in cieand by tbo Governor, Andltor of Public Accounts and Treasurer, In care an increase shall be made an above authorized, shall no subject lo sneb alteration ana modification as tne Geosral Assembly nay berealter direct. Sto. (I. Any wilful violation of any of the fore* going provisions of this act nn the part olanv la'lroan corporation, shall be deemed and taken s forfeiture of !(s franchises: and any such cor* nnrstion so ntil'ndlog rosy be proceeded against by the HlateV Attorney In atiycbcnii throughor Into which Its mad nay run. upon Information In the nature ol a gvoirarramo to Judgment of eas ier and final execution. Her, 7. All laws or parts of laws now in force In this Hinte, authorising the ronsuMda'lon of dtlTcrent railroad corporations, or the fraoctn«es, slock or property ol dtilVrcnt railroad corpora lions with each other, be and the sameara hereby repealed t and all such consolidations heretofore* made w I mint the express authority ol tbo General Assembly of ibis Htate, or its piutm approval and coiifiimsllon, nro hereby declared to be illegal and void. HM 1 . n. Barb ami every railroad corporation shall, wltidn three mouth* front the parawuof Hit. art, fit up and thereafter keep un smt main tain In good order, convenient and accurate seate*, al each station on ll* line of road, and whenever teqitestcd so to do. ahall accurately weigh all grain transpmted by It ut the stsiion whom the •nine rimli Ih* received, and shall deliver lothc owner of such gtatn. or hi* agent, a redid In which shall ho slated III* true weight of »nch grain, the date if It* receipt, and the place und person w here and to whom u 1* consigned, and the number of the car In which the same shall he eiilnped; and such corporation shall hs liable *« common carriers to tbe owner, for (he delivery of such grain, and no special or advauee rate* surll be disced mi account ot said weighing. And any cnti oration which snsll refuse to weigh and re ceipt lor any such gram, when, or within a reason, aide time after It snail be soofihrod, shall be hahlo to a penalty of twice the value of raid grain, to be recovered In an action of debt In any court ufcom pi-tent tnilsotcuon: Provid'd Autr'rer, That toy corporaUpn eball not be required, under this sec tion to weigh and ebip in balk, groin In less quantities into five tuns. Sxo. u. Any railroad corporation wblcb shall collect or receive any greater sum forthotnns imitation of persons or property than is author ized by ibis act, eball bo liable to the nartv ag grieved in fonr times tbe excess so collected or received, and the same may be recovered, togeth er with costs and a reasonable attorney’s fee, to be ascertained npon tbe trial, in an action of as sumpsit In any comt of competent Jnrisdliion; and any officer, agent or employe of any of tbe aforesaid corpomtlocs who shall know ingly and wilfully collect or receive for the transportation of persons or property, on any railroad tn this Slate, any greater sum than Is authorized by this act. shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be Pablo to Indictment In any court of competent Jumdlctlor, and on conviction thereof; shall be punished for each ofijuce by a floe of not less than one hnndreu dollars, nor mure than one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment tor not less than thirty days, hor more than one year, or buffi, in the discretion of the coart before which snen conviction shall bo had. Sec. 10. Tbe term M railroad corporation” in this act shall be deemed and taken to mean ail corporations, companies, associations, or Indi vidual;, now owning or operating, or hereafter owning or operating, any railroad wi’bln this Stale. Sec. 11. This act shall be deemed a public act, and be in force from and after its passage. Tbe Agricultural latere*!*. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.) PrmxoriEU). January 25. The members of both Houses are hard at work. We have few buncombe speeches in the Senate and none of any Importance in, the House. But such a flood of bills as was poured out from the aide pockets and over coats of members on their return home was never before witnessed. Ifthesepass, every woodpile and hen-coop io the State will be Incorporated. THE CAN XL BILL. It Is now conceded that this bill will pass. The south and east parts of the State did not fancy the Idea of being taxed for what they considered a local measure; bnt when they came to In vestigate the subject, they found that, though they might have to pay the two mills proposed for two years, yet that sum would soon be returned to the State, and after a few years tbe canal would yield a part of tbe Htate revenue. ' Tbo Illinois and Michigan Canal cost some fifteen millions dollars, wblcb has been nearly paid, principal and Interest, Irom the canal revenues. It will soon refund the three mill lons of dollars to complete the deep cut. Now. If this canal which, from low water In the Illinois River, has but snatches of the comm rco of the river, can In bo short a time par such an amount from Us tolls and rents ot its water power, what may we not expect ol it when the commerce, of not only the Illinois River but thousands of miles of river transportation, pays tribute lo Ilf In addl tiou to this, tbo Incrcaicd wealth and new Industries that It will create and draw to tbo Htate, will add millions to the taxable prop erty ol tbo State, and tlmi serve to lessen the rale of taxation. Thirty years ago the village oi Chtcagojor it was then a village, with the late Captain Uuruuin, who lovt his life In tbo great fire at Waukegan, Presi dent of the Board of Trusteei, oald but a mere fraction of tbe small mm then levied upon the State, but for thopast twelve years the County of Cook hat paid not leas than one-ninth part ol the revenues ofthc State, including an equal proportion ol the two mill tax to pay off the • ■ld railroad loans. ITad it not been for the increased wealth poured Into the cltjby the construction of the canal and railroads, and the new Industries and commerce that they have Invited, this result cou'd not have b«cn attained. But thbeity ofChlcago.l* noVtbo 'only , place‘that has been hooeflted. - . AH. parts ol tbc State have felt the influence and -bceqeoablcd to assist la wiping 6nL tbe-oIJ 'debt; - It Is but fair to presume that the pro posed canal will hard a like Influence lu/new -creations of wealth, and draw to ourjjtate the commerce of.tbovaitxrglnnt to tbcrWest acd’northwest, that must pass'thc rapids ot Rock Island, and tben bo diverted through this eaual Lalwa>.''« With the increased the old canal, the taxes from new wealth,'the tolls of the proposed canal, and the rents of water pow cr, wc shall have a' fund at once avail able for the Interest and ultimately for tbc principal of tbc debt, and a large proportion -ol tbc expenses ofthe State. TUB IKDDST&IAL .U2TITSH9ITT. Two points. If not three, have been reached In this ell-absorblep contest. First, the fund is not to bo divided, and but one col lege will he provided for. Second, the plan oflocatlrg hy a commission Is settled in the negative. The vote on this question In tlie Senate was on striking out ins clause pro viding for a commission—ayes, 15; noes. 9. This vote Is virtually fbr tbe direct location of tbe Institution by the present Assembly. Tbe Champaign clause wonld have been In* serted but for the ftict that Senator Ward asked a hearing for the bill, providing fur the Polytechnic School at Chi cago. which was grouted, but It Is uul likely to receive a favorable reception. It appears Die object of this bill Is to provide a better class of a nprentlecs fbf the shops of Chicago by the olu of evening schools, ior which the bill provides. Mahy members doiipldof this a local matter for Chicago, hlid nbt 1(1 detiord* slice with Hietjdrll ofthe ghitiL The tesolutfuhs In Dio Molise ste of the seine ImtiuHi and when flgsifi brotigil iijit Will nnii ho bbboslllon;, These resultlHons btutlde Hint dll bldsfof ttieluOallull inilst he in hi tlie Slid da vof tne sesstou< The (.‘oiliest la to sit dbbedfflhee nsDowed flown beiwoeu Clminj'dhfn «nfl liinenlib •tncfisoiivillelids her jifesetU §lhlp, Ifislltib iji-iig tu he bFoViitefl hiF, b» in the b*toi< rlisli (here die some plkly tlioiisiimT flnlldFd ofejibenm UFBsovef tlie Ihhl Mh(iFohFlMlnn In he lirovlilefl h)F< As It inked oii u tm|l or Dm h)F PiftleuspuiiiMt. ipogrry ihw

on, hef PitliMtiid liugm in (hint they limy wullplvu pn Dim pernor grttsiflhk'Mirmore, Then l)m m m»ty of Alnrumi vufmt down the iiropotdllon in mho fhoO.ikil for Mil** mirpnaa, 1 |mvu Hu> uMiirsiu:o, amca iliu vn|u In Dm lumrihlo shape, The enabling act which allows cmmUch and corpomtioiib, was slunoii by the fiovernur yesterday, and It will re quire two day* under till* act for the people lo vote on thu amount they wish to offer. The bid from Bloomington has a large show or Missouri land* In the vicinity of Pea Ridce, with some of the cypress swamps of the Mississippi bottoms, all of which may be ol value to posterity. Counties are not goiug to saddle them selves with a debt of £200,000 to #300,000 to obtain this college whose endowment is variously estimated at $15,000 to £15,000 per annum—a mere flvablte to what Jacksonville will now obtain, or what Is paid out to edu cate three hundred teachers at Normal. There is a Hied determination to locate It at some new point, and try the experiment of runtlna at least one Institution on some thing like an economical basis. In the construction of all our public build lugs there ha* been o huge Africuu that tbe State gets rid of In the oner from Champaign, as tbc building, ample for all purposes, Is ready for occupancy. . In looking over the history of Normal. I find among the items subscribed “ eleven hundred dollars in shade trees, and .their setting.” Visitors to that fine and im pi »Mug edifice would pant In vain for the pci'mised »hudc that should canbpy out the sun to the value of eleven hundred dollars. THE PENCE QUESTION. I Wk'ote vou that one committee had dis posed .<>f this question ; but it wfll again be on tbe i*anis. Tbe proposition is simply to reaftitm the English common law. which protects i’very mun In the quiet enjoyment of hisludi vidual properly. .STATE ENTOMOLOGIST. The horlK’ultnrists of the State, ask three things, whicih. It granted, will cost the State twelve thousand dollars for two years, or six thousand dollars a year- First, $2,000 forthen«eol the State llortiahtural Society ; $2,000/or the Stale Entomologist; atid $2,000 Jbr tb e State Ornithologist. The Eutomologl-t will be of great value to the husbandry of tbe S.tatc, while the two others are of direct advantage to the horticulturists, that Is, the gardners and tbe fruit growers. Tbe damage done by insects in tbe State an nually amounts to millions of dollars, and it appears that to ask two thousand dollars a year for two years to obtain the services of one of the best entomologists, is but a trifle In comparison with tbe advantages to be gained by a knowledge of the habits of the insect tribes. I will'clve you an Instance of the value of this kind of knowledge. It Is well known that the army worm. Is one of the great scourges of the southern and cen tral parts of the State, and, to get rid ol his ravages, would save some hundreds of thou sands of dollars to the farmers of that part of the country. B. D Walsh, of Rock Island, an eminent entomologist, visited Southern Illi nois, during one of those army worm Inflic tions, lie found that the worm at maturity eutered the earth and went through the jwpa slate and emerged into a brown miller, which laid Its eggs In the stuhlcs of the cul tivated meadows an J'on the prulric grass. Now lor a remedy: Ho found that, the patches of prairie grass and cultivdtcd mead ows that had not been burned over in the autumn bad bred millions jof these worms; that oiler eating the foliage of the plants in their neighborhood, they 1 look up their inarch to other locutions ; that the grain Helds did not pro«lnr« tb»*tn. and. If all the prairie meadows could be burned over, utter tbeir eggs had been hiid. the next crop of wortmfwiniui 1)0 destroyed. The farmers noting upon this Information tlmt the ento mologist furnished them, the army,worm has c< used lo excite the fears of the funner. Wo may, therefore, hope limn this and like re sults, that when wo unco leant the habits of any particular insect, that wc may bo nbio to upply au effective remedy. Rukal. The Public Prtutlng*’ (Special Correspondence of tbo Chicago Trlbuuo.) SrmaortELi), 111., January a I. Mr. Parker, Chairman of Ibe Committee on Piinllntr, will to-morrow Introduce the following Important amendment to the Printing 1)111 : Hcction 1. That section one of said act be so i omci ded as to lead ss follows: fhat the print- i Ire ai d binding of oil laws, Journals, topuits and i sillier documents, which now or hereafter may h#* , require din be printed for the use of the State, stiHil be let by contract to the lowest responsible bidder or bidders; and tlmt the same shall be ; paid lor at the contract prices, and nn inure. Pro- I tided, that no contract for printing or binding shad tie let to any person nut a resident of this l Hale, nor loony person who Is nut doing bust- , ness as a printer or hinder, as the case may be, in < (his hliiu*. . . . That section two of sold ac* bn altered and amended to read as tolows : It shall be Ibe ditty of tie Hscrelaiy or State, after having given tblilv data* notice, to bo nubtlriiert daily In two < papers totnlrd at Hit* city ofHpmigneld.attdlhn two i pifnltd nl Chicago bating tbo larges; daily circula- , loti,of the time ol leltlng the printing of the la«*s, , ottnals, tepmts, and other documents, which may be required to ho printed for Iho lias ol (be male, lo conlinct wpii some rcpon-lldo ptinier or printers, lo do the priming of the approaching session of Hie Gm oial Assembly. nit*. 3. ‘I bn’ smton three of said net lie altered nan amended to rend ns follows: "At ibe time drsipnan-d in said nomtuetnenl lor (lie opening of the htds, ibe Hecreiatv of litalu shall proceed to (’pen the saniA in the presem e ol tb>* Gotrnrnur, Ambior ami ITeaMimr, «r any two of them, an I such other persons as iusy creriiolo witness the same, which saM oßUeis, or ney lluou of Umm, shall aware) the counsel to me lowest responsiolo iddder or Udder*. Bach person who may present a bid to the Secretary of mate shall inclose In the same cut dope, w ith raid bln, a good und suftl clcta bond iu the penalty of nfucu thousand dot conditioned that he or they will failhtullv, and In a good and workmanlike manner, pe-form and ex* calc all the public priming required to be done In pursuance cf hie contract on thalbehaP. which said bond shall be approved by the Gov ernor and died in the office of the Secretary of Statu. Hxc. 4. That auction fenr of said act be altered acaamcDdidtoteadasiollowa: Ibatihe Secre tary of Slate It. anthorlzed and Instructed to ad vertise for bids lo do the printing of the ap proaching General Assembly in two contracts; one io Include all the laws, journals and reports required and authorized to bu p’toted, and tbe other to Include tbe bills, me-sages, blanks, certi ficate*. circulars, or advertisements, which now are, or hereafter may be required by law to be printed by the General As.-eiubly, or by either branch thereof, or by tbe Governor, or by either [ol] tbe beads ot departments In pursuance of iaw-, and In the discharge of their official duties, and the piloting authorized to be done under the provisions ot Uu- act, rbail be let and awarded in two contracts separately, aa above provided, to the lowest bidder or bidden; proridri that noth ing beieto eball be construed to prevent both contracts being taken bytte same person or per sons, when be or (hey shall be the lowest bidder or bidders (or each contract respectively. Sac. a. Section five of said act shall bo amend ed to read as lolluws: The maximnat prices of public printing stall be aa toll©*?, to wit: For plain work, seventy cents per thousand ems: for figure or rule woifc, one dollar and fire cents per thousand ems ; for figure and role work, one dollar and forty cents per thousand ems, for composition, and seventy cents per token, of sixteen paces, for press worn; for blanks of any description, one dollar and fifty cents for the first quire, ard lor each additional quire of the same und. ordered at the same tune, one dollar per quire. excepting when said blanks are larger than a sheet of Cat cap paper, or contain so much com position as to requite additional com pensation; then the public printer shall dc allowed to charge a reasonable advance npon tbe prices above specified, for print ing blanks, wblcb said advance charges shall be . passed upon by the officers authorised to settle the printer*’ accounts, as hereinafter provided. Ibe paper for scch blanks, aforesaid, shall be fur nished by the public primer at bis own proper cost and charge, and shall not bo charged to, nor paid for by tbe State; and if any of said blanks aforesaid, shall, in tbe opinion of the officers order ing lbcsame.bc badly ot Inaccurately printed, or be printed on paper ol an Inf-Tior quality, tbe offi cers ordering them may retuse to receive them, and no work so rejected shall bo paid for by the Stale. **A quire of Wanks,” as ttstd In this act, shall be construed tomean twenv-four blanks of tbo size of a tnll sheet of Hat cap paper, forty-eight blanks of any ssmiler size, or twen;y-fonr blanks of any smaller size which are printed on both sides of tbe paper. For advertising, tne Rubllc printer or printers shall receive for each ne oi nonpareil type, or each line of type of a smaller size, not more than ten cents for the fieri Insertion, and not more than seven and one half cents for each additional insertion that may be ordered by the officer of Government who di rects tbe same to be published. Sic. G. That section fifteen of said act be al tered and amended to read as follows: it shall be tbe duty of the Secretary of Slate, Andltor and Treasurer, to examine all accounts rendered t>y the Public Printer or printers for works pertonned. or materia 1 * furnished ior tbe State, which said officers shall [call] to tbeir aid three or a less number ot practical printers, who sba'l not bo in thn employ oi the Public Printer, or in any manner Interested in the con tract lor priming or hli.dtnp. to a«sl»t them in the examination of said accounts. Tbe persons in employed shall be paid at the rate of five dol lars per rfay for the time necessarily occupied in tbe examination of sues accounts, to be paid out ot the sum appropriated for the expenses of Ibe office of ibe Secretary of Stitc. ... ... tjjc. 7. That section sixteen, of said act. In ita provirion of allowance of wastage on paper In per forming tbe wlutitg provided for In this act, or In the act to which this Is an amendment, be amend ed by changing the word /*r« lo tArry, and that the utter be tbe sum allowed the public printer or piittlcra fbr wastage of paper. .... etc. S. That section seventeen of said article be so amended as to require tbe Secretary of Htate. In advertising for proposals, lodo the folding, stitch ing and binding ot the approaching Oensisl | Asseub’y. consisting of law's. Journals, reporta L and other documents,to give Uuny days nolle* of • neb letilng, to be pnblwhsd dally In two news. (lacrtapaMiibcd at the cJlyo! any in the two newspaper* prlnleJ at toe city or Chicago having the laiveat dally drcnUuoiu 6rc. U. IblK article aball b* In forteandtake ttfcci on and after Its passage. I may adfrthit thia bill haabcen drawn tip by Mr. Parker, himself a practical printer, in thejlewa enunciated by “Tub Cuiqaqo Tmnuif* upon the subject of the Slate printing. . ’ Hto Uoc^ LEGISLATIVE COWER. . Tbs L*2talatur. MBS tie Ballroede. dnulan. 111.. J«nn.ryS9. To the Ktfltor of the Chicago Tribune: The question now andbr.dlscusslon, as to the power of the Legislature to regulate, or at least to limit, tbo.tariff. ol freights upon tbe railroads, Is cognate to theConstltntlonal * Convention question, and can only bo deter mined by rcftrenco to the elementary princi ples of legislative power«—* -• The question turns upon two others: 1. How fkr con one Legislature bind its successors In any case t 2. AdnUltlug they can thus bind them In Isgltlnale esses of contract, is a railroad charier, with unlimited power os to charges, such a contract? These questions, especially the lail, are very Important, and will, doubtless, become tbe subject of adjudication in the Supreme Court/ In advance of their decision, I do nol propose to argue them from the cUiid* point of a lawyer, or lo cite authorities or * le Wy °only object in this comrhmiicaljnti is lo throw otii some hints* as tolhe extetil nhd limit of legislative power, tinder otlr free Institutions! ... . That this boWef is thtierenl Iri tlie people* i< a prltieiplu alDDiied lh.«U qUr Colo slitmiohs. slid hhe which will m tlhlVWrtlljr flojlWdM* - W jtke the Kill* tiflflef tlie iJHlfsh dubstllUHuh, tipvep die. They m ehHtliHiuhs.tttid fief* bPttifli. wot. milk so, they are changeable Mill itfofifessive. ilehee, the eiimis Sr yuf liisliHilhiiis fepife* liiQl IhH iegjMMDre buweF eliuuld he so eSendsefl (is hot lo im. iieue of oh«tFiit‘t, hot to Fepfeseiil Min tsullh Ihlo this ebaiifieable filiarietefiil IK# peohle, while at ine torn lime no pfliifihle or law firjiwilwilioulfl he violated, 114 . „ Tltal legislature* have the fliflit. to a tain ekteht, to bind theirMflfieMoPi I s mon manjfeol \ and It U ponpeded.also, thateveiy law in the nature nfa pnntrupt* wnlPh the ),vgU(amre had a right to maa#, should he walmred to, according toil* true intent end meaning, W WB mfi?J}Sl?donxo inje/la. even between Ihq meeting* of tha tegfals turn; or such a change may have been guing on fur year*, and moy culminate between two such meetings; so that a law before suitable, wise and politic, may become en tirely unsuitable, unjust or oppressive; or power,which has been moderately exercised, within reasonable limits, may bo grossly abused, and used as an engine for tbe oppression ofthe people. In either such case, now far are the people bound by the legislation of their predecessors ? Ordina rily, ol course, there is no difficulty iu answer ing the question. Tbe people need only wait until their representatives have an op- Eortunlty to meet and repeal the act which as become nseles* or odious. The only difficulty la in cases of contract. Here ihc first thing to be done by the Legis lature and tbe Courts, Is to give the contract such a construction as to avoid, If possible, tbe evils complained of. If this can not he done, and wc should be obliged to settle down upon the belief that our ancestors bad endeavored to fasten upon us a contract highly unjust and oppressive, and which Is destined to become more so each succeeding year, the power of the Legislature, which passed tbe law thus to bind us and our descendants, might well be questioned. But we nrc, fortunately, net brought to decide this question, In order to determine the rights oflhepresent Legislature in regard to the railroads.. This question can be settled by reference to other principles. The railroad companies arc classed in the law as private corporations, it is true, but they are quasi public corpora tions. inasmuch as they are established for public as well as private purposes, and in lUem tbe public are interested. The laws creating these corporations are general ly made public acts, and tbev arc to bo con strued with reference to the interests of the public as well as those ol the corporators. Not only so, bat it will be foam], npon examination, that they do not contain any such Irrepcalablc right to make charges ad ÜbUtw. either In the form of a contracts or any other form. Take, for instance, the case of the Illinois Central Railroad Company. The charter, section eight, authorizes the company to es tablish rates, and make rules and regula tions, but in the same section all their by laws. rules and regulations, are required to conform, not only to the Constitution, but to tbe laws of Illinois f What laws ? Those in force when the rules and regulations are adopted. And If tbelaws are changed, must not the rules and regulations be changed also ? W. A TEBBIBLE CHIME. Two Aged Women Cut to Pleccs-wlila an Axe. [From Ihc Lonistowo (Me.) Journal, January 81.1 Saturday evening the lifeless and frozen bodies of Mrs. Susannah Klnelcv, a widow of Justice Klnsle.v, aged abour sixty-fouryears, and of Miss Polly Caswell, a maiden ludy aged about sixty-seven years, were found horribly mangled, in the house owned by Mrs. Kinsley and occupied by both, about hull a mile this side of West Auburn, on the road leading fiom that place to this city, and about lour miles from here. Tbo condi- < turn of the bodies ul once showed that the ( most shocking murder had been committed, all the clrcum-tances of which known at the 1 writing arc as follows: Saturday fight aMutaffsa. r«ki\*,V »“(, ,( , maker, living thcfcthlrd house this' iidi? Widow Kinsley’s (perhaps the distance of n quarter of a mile), went to tier house lor the pur]K)H! of obtaining some shoes which she and Miss Caswell had been binding or slitclilug. He, noticed (butuo track hud been made to the dour since the storm on Thursday, but thought nothing of this, uor of the lucv that the two doors on the front side of the house were fastened, as lire iumntes were advanced In years and lived alone. Ho went to the shed dour and found that uuhaspod, but fastened by a prop leaning against it horn the Inside. This led ntm to notice that there was no smoke Issuing from the chimney, and being somewhat aim tied, he proceeded to the near est noiuhbor’s, Mr. Otis Keith, about atxtv or one hundred rods distant, and ‘cquestuU him to go wllh him to the Widow Kltuloy’s. Mr. Llbbcy and Mr. Keith wont back to the home nl Widow Kinsley, and passed around the buildings to the rear, whore they found the back dour oiten, and snow blown Into the small entry. The dour leading directly from the entry Into a small cook-room, perhaps eight fbcl square, ns well us another lending trout the cook-room Into the, were shut, but not IMcned. Opening both doors, and looking around by the dint light of the moon, they dl«. entered n white object on the It nor—so suggestive of some horrible tragedy tlisl built gentlemen nl once bent n busty re- Kent and proceeded to nneighbor's to obtn n a lantern and assistance. Having procured both, they returned to the house and there dlrenvcted a scene which made lint blood al most Uee/.e In tbolr veins. On lint Hour, ly* lug arms* the door-stool ol an upon door leading into a small entry snjmrultng the sit* ting-rooin from a sleeping apartment, was stietclied the (Hides* body of roily Caswell —her lo ad and shoulders In the entry ami h« r body and lower limbs In Tbo body was partially covered wlt‘i a night dress, and on proceeding to take hold of it, it was tuund irureti stilliy, and giving evi dence of having been in that condition for several days. A broken chair covered vvuh blood, lay near, alforulng evidence in itself that it hud been used in aiding in the murder of Miss «J. Hardly bad this terrible scene been realized beloro another still more terrible met tbclr gaze. In the bed In a small bod-room, about ten feet square, adjoining the sitting room and conceding with it by a door— which was open—was the lifeless and gastlv body of the widow Kinsley, also frozen stiff, and lying with ber night-clothes on, m a pool ot congealed blood. Ihc bed-clothes were matted with blood, the quill and feather tick torn and feathers were scattered about, and everything indicated that a terrible struggle tor life bad there taken place, Mrs. Kinsley being a largeand powerful woman. The body of Mrs. Kinsley was hotribly cat and man gled. The jngular vein was severed by a deep gash on the side of the throat. There were also cuts on the lett Jawbone and on the left forehead, a gash nearly six inches In length on the left leg, and severe bruises an the left shoulder, not to mention many minor cats and braises. The evidence was conclusive that a rape bad been committed or attempted. The Immediate cause of her death was the severing of the jugular vein. Appearances indicate that the murderer or murderers bad attacked Widow K.' in her bed, from which she had not arisen. Miss Caswell had received severe blows on her head and face (probably by the chair), her skull was fractured, her left wrist broken, her wristaudleft shoulder bruised. There was also a bruise over her right a cut on her left arm above the elbow, ami a cat on tbc lett knuckles. The immediate causa of her death was probably the fracture of the skull, although It is possible that this might only have produced insensibility, and that freezing did the rest. Blood was found’by the side of the stove In tbo sitting room near the mantel-piece, indicating that MissC. had been attacked there first, and pursued to ward the door to the entry opening into the room, where she was stricken down. The supposition is that Miss C-, who Blent in a room in another part of Ifie house, was awakened by the noise of the struggle In Widow Kinsley’s room, and arose and came out into the sitting-room, and was reaching to the mantel-piece for a lamp' and a match to light It, when she was struck by the villain (who probably bad completed his work with Mrs. K.) with a chair. Miss C. not being rendered powerless by the blow, proba bly attempted to fiee to ber room, tbe villain following, and beating and catting her unttl she fellln the doorway. Her wrist was un doubtedly broken In attempting to ward oiT the blows of tbc cb&ir. There were no indi cations that the house or any of the bureaus, diawerß,or trunks had been examined,or that anything had been removed. The murderer bad IcA nothing behind which had been used by him In the commission of the crime ex cept the broken chair. Althongb his clothes must have been more or less covered with blood from the struggle with Mrs. Kinsley, yet no indications ot anything removed or lea behind could be discovered. Neither was there the least indication that plunder was the object of the villain. A coroner’s Jnry, which was summoned on Saturday night, examined the bodies ' and wounds, arriving at tbe conclusion that a rape had been committed on the body of Mis. Kinsley. All the facts which we have narrated, and olhets of which wo will speak hereafter, were elicited. The Investi gations of the jury extended Into Sunday forenoon, and tbclr verdict of coilrso, cou d only bo tbit the deceased were murdered by some person nr persons unknown. Wed nesday evening a neighbor called at the house and spent a porUunof the eve* nlm- there Icavinc Mrs. Kinsley sml Miss Cbs?woll In’their usual h “ lll J n fert third member of the family (MUs Kin loyj a daughter of wide* K -tP'S^.fe“wi ahKPnt at Auburn. and Ibus her UW "da fJvcd These circumstances point ly“ some time Wednesday -cyrmlmr OT Thursday morning. ns the time wnen the murder was committed. Thursday the storm raced, ond scarcely ft P er ®J® {JmS? along tbo road during the day, and Friday the wind blew aud the roads wc:o block adod: and It was not until Saturday that ouo would have been likely to notice me as to who committed the deed, the only circumstances of significance arc Iheso: About half-post two oclock Thursday mornmglho family oflsaac Llbhy, who lives In the third house below Widow Kinsley’s, as wo have already stated, yroro awakened by a noise of some one trying to ccttn at the window of thclraleoplng-room. Mr. Libby,arose, went -to the window, and tbero-iawa mam I'Mr.L. Immediately asked him what ho wanted T “ I want to coin and 'Wimrtne?’-!!* replied*- Mr. L. being very suspicious of the appearance of the mao, responded, “ I can’t let you In; go awa/.“ Upon this the strange visitor went around to another window, and made on attempt to raise it, and soon after went away* Sunday, one' Nathaniel Johnson, of North Yarmouth, who has been a la* borer In the city lor some lime, was ar rested by Constable Kicker, at Mr. Kicker’s, near the Poor Farm. In Auburn, on suspicion of being tbo murderer. Johnson was at oocc turned over to. the hands of OUlcer Littlefield, who brought him to Auburn Jail Sunday afternoon, where he Is now confined. Johnson Is a very heavy man, about fW or 40 rears of age, weats a long Ouck and a Kossuth that* He has not, In years past, sustained® good reputation* having been be; fbß* the Police Court fof drunkenness, nhd hatlne served a season In Jalt fbr larceur, lie has driven a team Ibr Various parties 111 AUbtiFUi add lias been frequently on the streets bete* lie avem that he is innocent of the luUhlef; lAXATIOS or KA'flOKAli HANK SIIAIIOSi Opffiluii cf Hie United Nlalm Nil lilt uni emu'll Til, Mihfm nf NNllniiHl ll»MN» In 111, IlHiicl.ftf riM„n» Ar, lil.lil, «i NMi, Tntmlon ,< Oitup CrwniHl I'rniisriVi PPHHBMB COMHT 0, THU IJVITBP< Hr»T«9— ,Vm. mu mil Ml—litrmter Pm, imw, Tbe Psopio o| the nf New York, ea rel, Dtiiuli-B Bncr,plain |g(n error, agi, ibeCom mleslnpers of Taxes sod Assessments lor tim fill.Y4Fj/u n DlWr!' , «^?”iXfl r K;.Ai l A.TAtl'.«, o J l U Taxes and Assetsmenis of tbo tilly and Uoonty of New York. In error to tbo Court of Appeals of the State uf New York. Air. Justice Nelson delivered the opinion of the Court os follows: These cases are writs of error to the Court of Appeals of tbe Blate of New York. The relator in lbs first is an owner of 153 shares of stock In the National B«nk of Commerce in Now York. Tbe capital of the bank consists of 100,000 shares of flOo each, and which is invested In United States secmlUes and exempt from btato taxation. Tbe Commissioners of Taxes, In making ttudr as* aisamems, valued the shares at par, aad Imposed upon them tbe same rate of taxes was imposed upon other personal property In this city. The Commueionets. In their return to the certiorari, stale (bat in estimating the value of the shares, they made no deduction on account of the Invest* meutof the capital of tbe bank in United States aecoritiefl. Tha> in tbe valnatlon of Ibe personal cstateof individuals,these seent Ides bold and own* ed by them, were deducted, and tbe tax assessed on the balance; sod (ho like deductions we;e made from tbe caphnl ot insurance companies. The esseesment ot this tax on tbs shares i-fthe re lator in (be Bank of Commcrc; was carried to tbe Supreme Coot of the btate, and, after argument, was affirmed, and thence to the Court of Appeals, where the judgment of the Supreme Coart wataf* firm'd. Ibe case is now here, on error, under the £sin section oi tbe Jndlciary AcL The first objec tion taken to the legality of the tax is on the ground that tbe Commissioners, tn the valuation of the shares, refused lodednct the amount of cap ital of tbe bar k invested In United States securi ties. ana. hence, refused to regard ibis deduction in the valuation of tbe shares. Ibis Question has, betciofore, been considered by this Court, and, after full deliberation, determined la tbo case of Tan Allen against the Assessors (3 Wallace, 518) ttd need not again be examined. That case was oca of a largo class or ca<os which were very thoroughly argued, and received, at tbe time, tbe most careful examination ol tbe Court. The next, and perhaps the only material question in the case, arises upon a construction of a clause In the first proviso©! the forty-first section of the National Bank AcL After referring to the taxation of these shares by State authority, It pro vides : **But not at a greater rate than Is assessed upon o'bcr moneyed capital m tbo bands of Indi vidual ciUZiDs oi such States." It Is argued that the assessment npoc tbe aborts of the relator is at a greater rate than that of thu personal property of Individual citizens, upon the ground that allow ance was made on account of United Stales secu rities hc.’d and owned by them, when at the same time the deduction was disallowed to him. The answer is that upon a true construction ot this clause of tbo act. the meaning and intent of the law-makere were that tbe rats of taxation ot the shares should be the same, or not greater, than upon the moneyed capita) of tbe Individual citizen jvhlch Is subject or liaule to taxation. That Is,-CO greater proportion or per' eentage of tax In tbo valuation of tbe shares should be levied than upon other moneyed tax able capital in tbo hands of tbe citizens. This rule seems to be os an effectual a test to prevent nnjnst discrimination against the ahircho,der as could well bo devised; It emb'acrfs a class vvblch constitutes tbo body politic of thu Stair, who make Its laws and provide for Its taxes. They cannot be greater than the dozens impose upon themselves. It Is l;no**n that sound policy In tvciy wi-11-fexclaUsd ai d enlightened Slate or (tovemaicnt, certain descriptions of prooerty, and also certain InstliDUona—aneb ns chorcbes,- hOfpltaU, accdemles. ccmetci les, and the like— are exempt from taxation ;-bu( these exemptions have never been regardedoadisturblng the rales of taxation, cvin where the fundamental law had otdained tlml It should be uniform. Tne objec tion Is a singular one. At toe lime Congra-e en* MCtid thin rule as a limitation against di-crlmioa lion, it was well t.nowu to that body (hat these securities in the bands of the citizens were ex empt from taxation. it bad been so held by Ihm Court, and, tor aboudant caution, bad pa‘s**d into n law. Tbe aTffiim> nt founded on tbe oblec tl<m If It p*ev«« ».•*.. U.«* .*••• n cnnliea ebon’d have been taxed la tbo hands of individuals to equalize the taxation; and, hence, that Porgrcis by this clause In the proviso in let ded to subject them, aa Ihn* situated, to t-xaiion; and, therefore, there was error In tbe ]^d u frton.-Tlrtsj*c flo not suppose is claimed, then the olhor conclusion from requited that tbe Commtaalonors should deduct thr secuililrs. and at the same time Intended tbe deduction, If made, should operate aa a violation of the rate of ibv lux prcsctlhcd. Wo dissent from both conclusions, ana tbtnk a sound con struction of ihc dnarc, and one consistent with Us words end Uitenl, Is also consisletit with all the acts nfCopgress on the subject, i'he Com mlsslorers, Inltieir return, afato that Insurance companies created under the laws nf tbe HU c, and doing bus'tcss In the City of New York, wore respectively assessed upon the ba'acca of Ihls capital and surplus profit, liable to taxation, nib r deducting Iberclruin such part os Is Invested Id United Hates securities. Another objection Iskcn is, that the taxation ofUtc sbnros of the re* Intor Is Illegal, on account of thotr deduction—lt being , a departure from tbo rale of a«sca*raent proscribed In the clause already died. Tbo answer Is, that this clause does not refer to tbo rate of aaiasa ments upon insurance companies as a lest by v*hkb tn prrvsnt dl'crlminallun against the share* t (hat Is confined to tbo rate of assessments upon moiiojed capital lu tbo bauds of Individual nllrcns. Tbo>e institiitlons ire nut wilhlu (bo words, or Ihn cmitcraplatlun of Courtess t hut even If they were, the answer we have already given to Ihe deduction of these secnrltie* lu the asses*nieut of tbe property if Individual citizens Is equally applicable tu them. The rnoipauii'* are luxed on thilr cipliat. and not utt the tbirnholder, nt (lie same rale n« oilier persutml property In the hlale, Thete I* not murh dntiger to be ajipro* bei'ded of a discriminating lax tn their rnvor, Mudlctat (u (be lights nr property ottlo’Cltiseu; , ol comsr, to the rights of the sliarvholder* in these Nailoiißl Hanks, who stand im the same (uotltig. The tHalor 111 ihe secuml case, Kaiplt Mend. t« the holder ami owner ot (*mity>flvo shares oi shirk lit the t.’uru litchAtiga Hunk lit Hie city nt New York, Incorporated ui.ilor (ho Iswa of the Hale The act of April *l,l Ml, Imposed a lax on tin shares oi these hanks. ln< l»isM>'U *hal the tax n Illegal, on account ot the n-lusal uf tbe rtinmilssioners to deduct the t'ulb'd Halos sent* rllles In which a norilon of thocsphnl nock oftlio lank was Inveatcd. The general i|iiusllon was distinctly pTrsen rdln tbo hank ea*»s of lit* l»t which Van Alton avnlott The Collecior was one of thii clas> (H WMloce, 571, 5kH ami Ml), and disposed of. It was (hero aald: •* But mad* ottlou to this view, tbe tax on tne shares !• not a tax on the capital of the bank. lb>* corpuratlan Is the legal owner of all tbe property of 'be bank, real and personal; and within thu powers conferred upon It by tbe charter, and for tbo purposes (or which it was created, ran deal with the corporate property as absolutely as a private individual can deal with his own.” “Tbe Interest oi tbe shareholder enti ties lim to parttdnate In the net profits earned by tbe bank, in tbe employment of its caoltel, during tbe existence of Its charter, tn proportion to tbo number of bis shores; and upon its alssolmion or termi"fltlon, to his proportion of tbe property that may remain, of • he corporation,after iho pay ment ot its debts. This Is a du-tlcct, Indepenoent | interest or property, bold by the shareholder like any otberproperty tnaiinaybeloagtohlm;”*ad, we add, of conrso. Is subject to lice taxation, ii wee supposed, on the argament, that this princi ple «>as In conflict with that which governed the decision ol ibis Coart In the case of Gardner act. Tb»* Appeal Tax Court, (3 How., TCI), but this is a mistake, that case turned upon tbe construction of an act of Maryland exempting tbe bank from taxation on account of a large bonne to tbe State for tbe extern ion of tbe charter. *J bis Court held that, upon a tine construction of the act,tbe stockholders were within the scope of tbe exemption, the Court say: “In what ever way we examine the acts or ISI3 and 1931, we a:e of opinion that it appears from tbe 11$ m these acts, to bare been tbe intention of tbe Legis lature which uaesed them, to exempt tbe stock holders from ttxa'ion as persons, un account of tbe stock which they owned tn tbe banks.” Borne elfcer questions were discussed on tbe argument, bertde those we have noticed, but they are ques tions over wbteh ibis Court cannot take cogni zance. We bare examined ail oi them tbac'are t ere under the 25 $ of the Judiciary Act,—Judg ment of the Court below affirmed. Mr. Chief JuAiicc Chase.—ln concurrence with mv brothers Wayne and Swayne, 1 di--ent from tbe opinion just read, 'ibe reasons of dissent sufficiently appears in oar dissenting opinion In tne case of 'N an Allen ogt. Tbe Assessors, read at tbe la«t term, and wc do not thlnx It necessary to repeat them. Teles rams to the Snn. The wares of sound go only 377 yards Ina second, while the earth itself goes eighteen and ono-thlrd miles and light ten thousand times faster than that; while electricity (which again is probably another kind of Tihration of the solid atoms of bodies, and certainly not a fluid.) runs along a wire about half os last acaln as light. So, if the earth were a cannon* ball, shot at the son from its present dis tance. with the velocity It now travels with, and the moment of explosion telegraphed to the sun. they would get the telegram there in about flve minutes, and see the earth coming In eight mhmtes, and would have nearly two months to prepare lor the blow, which they would receive about fifteen years before they heard the original explosion. This Is merely taking the snn as a target to be shot at, without regard to his power of attracting the earth at the final rate of 300 miles a second.— Beniaon'a Astrono my Without IToihanoiic*. A TV tslUneton Lady In Luck. fProm tbs Washington Star, January 21.] By the bill which passed the Senate yes terday. recognizing the claim of the heirs of Jean Antoine Bernard d’Antorlre, a lady of Ibis city will receives large tractor laud. In the early days of Louisiana, when owned by the French Government, the King granted to one ol his favorites, Jean Antoine Bernard d'Anlorire. a patent for a tract of laud of the magnificent extent of 455,070 acres. When lu ISIS, the United Slates acquired Louisiana by purchase, the validity of d’Autorlro’s ond t-hollar claims was recognized. Tho lands covered by his patent were appropriated to the use ol the Government, and a claim from his heirs lor Indemnity has been before Coo grew for many years; but although Us Jus tice ha* been recognized, and o hill giving roll*T ho* been several times tm'icd by one ir tho ether blanch, It has never been acted upon by both Housed of the aanle Congress. Benton. British Columbia, Pah Ratuipl, r,. - Hon. John E. Bonllgny, (of Louisians. for- ami, Lima and Valparaiso. \ irgtn. :;'X' m Sly a mcmhcrof.Comrresa from that State, jsda. Change cars tor Owyco, C.,l D ' a V rT' and whose course In refusing to lease the Biter, Puget Sound, and Kam. c h,n,. Aj Honso of Kopicsentatlvcs In Tdlll, when all Jean Francisco. Passengers forScwgcsC of his eolleuencs withdrew, gate him ana- Itonoluln, Melbourne 1 10n 5,^ m K.Md J. tlonal reputation, was one of the heirs of points in Europe, Asia and Africa, win p, ‘ M rl’Antorlrc Mr. Bonllgny remained In this their seats till landed on the wliatl ' r,. ir rniT oner the brcaUlou out of the war until dally line oftho PaclOc Mall steamship,if I9M, when he died. T’hc bill which was pany. Baggage checked through t„V.c, t£* nsMCd elves to Ills widow and two children Calcutta, Grand Cairo, Constantinople (Coirlnne and Felix) one sixth port of the Petersburg, Paris and Liverpool."* ’ ’claim, amounting to 75,480 acres, with the l— “ privilege 16 locate the same upon any of the rnbllclands subject to private entry. Mrs. Bouligoy Is the daughter of George Parker, Esq. of this city, and resides with her Cither since the death of her husband TEXAS. Flendlsb Ontroseaon the Procdmen. Tbe following Is tbe official correspondence relative to the recent outrages upon freed* men In Texas, with GovernorThrockmorton's request lor tbe assistance of united States trOOI OrFic» or Rem-Assistant Coiousaionen, i fitmuo of H. F. and' A. L., V Atranw, I‘bxas, Use. 18. ISM. 1 Brevet Uootcnant Colonel U. A. EHIs, Barcan of Coiojtßt: i bate the honor to report that two frcftdmen hate been shot In this county within the last few days, and both, though now living, will piobablydle. . ... . . Edward Parsons, freedman, was shot by a white man named Aaron Boyce, on ibd 13tb of this mofltli* Boyce rode np to tbe home where Par bobs lived. and af-er s»tae cmivetsauon with him, aa be stood In tbe doorway, surrounded by wo* men and children; ebol him with hla alx*snooter Ihn-ush tbo nod? and rode ufl'. The hail entered behind tneshotUder*bbßle ami came outatlhe Hfihl breast;, passing tliruunb the ilirlit itinc. Tealenlay; the nth lust.; a freedman; ttamed Alai Ccwlni, was shot bv a parly of three while biem at Hohibey> Bend; nbopt twelve tulles .below here. (Joe hall eulered Ills left Rhoitiueri ahoilier entered his wrNt and a IMrd webltltfobßUh!Sjßw 4 aui] ludeed In the baejc of bis beck; Tbe men; afief tooldbjf him of his wotisyi Ae.» lode swa>: They are suaiiiiets iii this Vicimif»atm ftlihoudll seen Mr sohle tutored ineiii ihelriatne* are unknown: 1 smild ai*u ie: SbbHfilliy JhVlie Si'ebUub 10 the lhd|u«ed tolly uf a leltefi which iiielleti l gites a trlHiirul sisiemeni ol ssslfs in Caldwell tVtmfr ; iue rntnuH flihetl (u ii «fe iiiufn ur emi.i Dmuli men. mid uf feiMme mu Dtifina Hip eohiißd rmi cife’lil i|(v nuiflVf ui uuifiges eumimHeii miT-eeii-- HieowlUtefjflili§ljf Tin gfeiiiy jiiffeasm), as ( was Itb* ii'SP, Ri-niifA'mlsJmiis, wmm hHiir heel: jripj wlir its fo«oi‘d ur iliflif wlmio ift-ir* mfr: your pnb:A«s|stsni ?^flH}}Hl lasmneF» Wf rupeclfnlly reorwant Iha pa? fe»»iiy for reislnlpg nan «i (Me Oimeif otatm P4V ally foipes pow siaMopcd at Apaitp, I’uxas, for the purpo.e of auppreaaing acts of ipwlcsanem. being beineiraiedaiillfloreotpounilu the but*. or pan of a company, ior tbo proiecilim of the lives of freed men. aud dm preaervauon of law and order there. If the troops now ordered to that point by brevet-Urigitdlar-Ueaeral smrpla are withdrawn wlthonr other troops supplying their nlscce, tne Uvea of tbe loyal wbltea as well aa the fteedmeo, will be endangered. \Vc would uddlllonaliy ortre your Imluance in bavlutr on agent of tbe Freedmcn'a Bnrean sent to ITalrie l*-a. [Signed by W. C. Pblllipa: it. A. A exander : It. Paschal; 1.. B. Col’ln.; u. L. llboads; T. C. Cubits; JobnT. Allen; Ueorce H. scott; m.Aluiaucer; A. U. Laotrley; Mil thew llopkms; L. W. Coliius; F. \\\ lienee: Ernest Haven; Wn.D. Trice: B C. Bet net. | ITimiNT OF OOTRAGKS. Tuzniz Lrx, Texas, December 14.1863. Govenor J. W. ’lbrockmonon, Austin. Texas: Dxxu Sib: Y'onr letter, and tbototJndge Han cock, concerting Mr. Tucker, came to baud. Huco wilting to the military, about one moutb bns elapsed. 1 ucker has. in the mean t Ime. vbit ed and raped a xeapcctablc lady twelve mile* below here, ana was arrested son pnl in jail at Gonzales, where 1 suppose be »vilt rcmiiu until taken out by blx numerous rebel friends. Dnrlngmy short stay here I have seen frecdnisn chased by white rebels on horseback, run out of townazdaboiat. On Saturday the Slh instant. I saw a freedman pubHciy whipped because he ad dressed a young man he nad knows from-infancy as Tom, Instead of Master Tom. Ihe voung chiv alry said himself; in my heating, be L-ad w-dpiicd him (tbe fieedmao) for calling him Tom. Day be fore yesterday a iresdman was beaten over tbe head with a stick, white another rebel stood'wuh asixshcoter in his hands, because he wanttd a beef account drawn off that he might see the items. A few days since a freedman was chased Into a private residence and subsequently run down, dragged back to town by chivalrous rebels, for no ofieuce; his life threatened II be reported ihj par ties. This Is bnt a sample of what Is goin~ on U> Ibis reconstructed land. We are told by tbe President of the Uultec States, that civil law prevails, to the exclusion of military law, and that the people everywhere are Ulna proeecied in their lights, nhere :s to civil law here to reach rebels. Tne freedman baa an abnnaancc. No constable has been found who will oc dare scree. Ibe ireedracn live nero tn terror of life, if Ihe civil law prevails, and is competent to pre fect Ibe people we would like to see tt i nlorced bore. If powerlea:, it Is time tbe aid of the military was Invoked. Ihe lact* stated above can be substantiated by some ofthe nest citizens la this place. There fs Longest of ibe Freedmeu’s Bateau here, and if bcie, would be powerless without soldiers. Du nce the coming Christmas It is not improbable that mote than one will be assassinated here. Your obedient servant, (Signed,)- W. C. Phillips. we are acquainted with the facta stated above: J. A. Glenn, A. I*. Banner, John M ickcy, £. p. EMrbrook, All S. Hawkins,- Anson Bnslmell. U. M. Ixickwood,- 11. 31. Donpherty, Jamt e Eastwood.. E. T. BushseiL Since writirg the foregoing commanlcation, to wit; the ICtb in t., a freedman, Nelson Smith,' wai* thot down ior refusing to give hla bottle'ot whiskey to two reconstructed rebels, and'will probably die Horn the wound. (Sicned,) W. C. Pnnazpa, a. P. poxitzn. John Maccxt. GOVERNOR THROCKMORTON’S LETTER.* Thereupon Governor Throckmorton ad dressed a note to General Sturgis, command ing,-in substance as follows: Austin, December 17, I£CG, Central Studoib : xam Informed of oalrages perpetrate.! at Pralne J>«. Colawdl Loitatv. upon trecUmea and others. I would be glad to have yon send a pait of a company of cavalry, say twenty men, nnder a Jndincm- and discreet ofll cer, lobe tciained there fbrtome time, for taelr i Miuuiii lb ruu vu cuusuit witn von before they go, and to have (hem scut wtUiluibo prcaent'wnek. Very ruenoetru’ly. (Signed) J. W, rimocßNniiToN. Governor of Texas. THE FAILURES IN 3EW YORK. Failure of ITlcmnu A. J* ITlcycr Sc Co., NlocU Urokera, I From tbe New York World, January 33.) Groat cxcltemeut ws« caused In Wall sttcvk yesterday, resulting lu a- partial panic, by the announcement that the Huik of N'rrlli America had Buffered the loss of j'JOOOUO through the Ihllure of Messrs. Meyer * l’o., brokers, and that the President o£ the Imnk had died vteterdny morning at ids residence, No. HA West Thlrlletli street. Thu news spirail rapidly, and gained in extravagance as It Hew, till what at first was hut a mole hill Locarno augmented into a mountain. Strange stories werefset In circulation about the bunk, Its President, and tbo linn alluded to, and soou other firms wcio said to bo Involved. Tlio consequence was that stocks tumbled, and that a general distrust was beunl In Uiu market. Uuslticps was conducted on all sides withi extreme caution. Asfaraa can hp learned, it appears that Messrs. A.J. Moyer.V C 0., brokers, doing tmslm<ss nt Hie corner ontrond street ami Kxclmngo blnec, overdrew 1 heir ncronnt yesterday on the llnttk of North America to (im amount of S2tU,UOU mid were nimble to meet their obli* gallons when expected. Tlio cheeks worn presented mi Wednesday morning bv a mom* her nf tbe firm, but,ns limy hud no dupoaUs in Ihe hunk nt Hint time, tlio pnvhig'tellor dw dined to itssunm thu res|Ninalhllliy of curd* ftlngdinlls fur so Urge un amount. Mr. Meyer 1 lion unpeuled to the Pieshiont ofltiu bnnk, Mr. John P. Yelvxrtou, who, liavlng lull vniifidumi’ that sceurity would piumptly be liiniUln-d, certlfiiMl the ehm'ks. In ttm nfiernoon U was reported tlml Messrs. Meyer hud sustained liirgu loskos In I’mm«ylvunla slocks, am) then that they had been com* plelely ruined by tbo CaUum ofmiolluT com putiy, Tbesft reports, and the (allure of Miwn. Meyer to produce tlio requlretl secu rity, wrought so much upon Urn nervous system of Mr. Yclverlon that ho was seized with on attack of apoplexy that evening, and died yesterday morning about nine o’clock. Tbe directors of tlio hank state that Its stability will not in the least be affected by tbe overdraft, which will only consume about one-half of Us surplus. The board will pro bably publish a statement of its affairs to day or to-morrew. Messrs. Meyer it Co. have kept an account with the bank for three years, and have always had very satisfactory balances; and tbe slightest suspicion of a want of integrity on their port has never been entertained. The commotion at the Brokers’ Board and the Stock Exchange was very great yester day afternoon. In addition to what has been stated above, It was said that some stocks that had been “cliqued” for a long lime were thrown on the market by the banks that hy pothecated them. There were rumors that several prominent firms had failed with heavy liabilities, nnd the excitement on the street daring the afternoon was intense. The President of the Open Board of Brokers, Mr. E. B. Hart, made a speech to them about tbiee o’clock, in which be said that Messrs. 31 ever & Co., with their lawyer, were then closeted with the directors of the bank, and that the probability was that a satisfactory settlement would be made. Mr. Yelverton, the President of tbo bank, enjoyed the entire confidence of the Board of Directors, and was beloved and respected by all who knew or dealt with him. He was of a very susceptible nature, and the responsi bility that be assumed In this affair, and Us unfortunate termination, so worked upon'bis mind that bis circulation was disturbed, aud apoplexy and death was the result. The de ceased for six or seven years has been largely engaged In railroad and banking affairs. He was the principal agent In establishing the PoUdan, Ogdensburgh «fc Ottawa (Canada) Koad. About three years ago he headed the excursion of a body of gentlemen from this State to the Canadian terminus of the road, where they met with a welcome not to be forgotten. Meyer £ Co. were formerly brokers In Chi cago, and came to this cityabout three vears ago. They did a large business, amounting Itjls said, to £3,000.000 a week, and have al ways been able heretofore to promptly meet their liabilities. ItfacnUnde of the Earth. The circumference of ocr g.obe Is 25,010 miles, and so stupendous a circle may be best comprehended by comparison. For exam ple a railway train, travelHognlght and day, at the rate of twenty-five miles an hour, would require six weeks logo around It. The cubical bulk of the earth Is 200,000,000,000 of cubic miles, and according to Dr. Lord per, If the materials which compose It were built up In the form of a column, baring a pedestal of the magnitude of England ond Woles, the height of the column would be nearly four and a half million of million of miles. A tnnncl through the earth from England to New Zealand would be about eight thousand miles long. The Pacific Railroad ln*«he Future. A travelling correspondent dreams what will happen when the Pacific Railroad is finished and one or two other changes have been accomplished; “ Day after day on the continental Journey the conductor opens his door and shouts to sleepy passengers—‘ Chicago. Cnango cars for New Orleans.* 'Missouri River. Change can for Baskachawan. Leavenworth aud Galveston.' * Rocky Mountains. Change can for Bants Fe. El Paso, Matamoras and the City of Mexico.' ‘ Silt Lake—twenty minutes lor dinner, Change cars for Fort A DARING EXPLOIT. A Tennessee Heroine— Thrilling Ail*.. 3S& tore of a Yoqde «lrl with the **•», *'' -v*' latorart’—Hbe EUli Two or ihe 33? alth an Axe« In Defense or ». is Father. <l<r m ' [Prom the Nashville Union and Dl-patfb, j art =.. We have read, and learned Uirotn-h tr,V sS llonal Iccond and heroic verse, ol ,i e ,‘j, JGS daring perfonned by the rentier «..* „“V ,f ® the moat trying and pressing cinere*nr,,/ M Oar own country has boon prollilc in etL t!‘ S tlons or femalo valor and fortitude, nmi aT W Ing the late war we have seen them mi r a trated in hundreds of Instances. ns * But nowhere have we seen recorded a daring exploit or a more thiiniijiradri-n’ i I U under circumslanees better calculated t /, ,il f La string the nerves of a woman, ur aS blond congealing and chilling tu tier hM-V IB tlian tbe oue we are about to reln'c. \rA.’ Mm late lt« too* not as ranmnee, not as •«*' »V g& tempt at filter word Minting, hut a* aV'itt E 3 ful narration of an absolute occurred >•'<.?i B 4 event. >! Km The tmiiedy occurred In i’afnam si ten miles Irmu Coohfllle, the tonntr 'hr add hefir iMonmltigtnfi Acadrmr, ti:,. L,i AS ate. about HicfU: Air. Urkih flinihr v. , wlfc t and daughter; .Mnrliimm, ami it ** enu. with aete/al smaller elUhlr-n **,+.; 23 |»led i iictffieml. Imfrie fit Pulnam i’wJ S§ at tllfi lueaiitV iudlthilcd; the when t fmsUmics eoiniiiHii-ni. -ih irlmM tdf-ll Was tfehihlHi-f t« to IrL, >l# tiinFsjlflfed Mf ftfiil Ills son jMlhfd L'uiilVili rale [ £| ftlnJ Will* Ihdffee iiJH l»r hHlfltJllc l*nm !i lIH umlltiM life Ueohle iff llpiF w\Hi. S) ftg&t neniffil|eelh>enriߧ wbf iliJ «.m niftp, hy )eftVi',feinfnß<l injila m uij »H die TeiH)es«t/e, *fi«l njiimi ni« The son rmialii hpuM* •.>. ( r, u.. IM "Im4 caWiilMhe film hhffmiiilis*, *iul * lip, im»,[plurpfcd to M« home In hnuatgc enmiff; MtiiiiimiAtonflnfinen M .u.- 4 ,. Iffo }?«■*« UmnMvpa into a son iff WfJ inled M rpm»ißl“rßf" mm hub i.,**-#** coqniPMnppd by the p«mp|o nf They seemed m dellahl In I|i® |iei»c ■ ab..» of nonUmrn men, and eapecmijy feum.j r\! C’on'ederato soldiers. •" \ Op tliu ntglrt Of tbe 20th of April Uv three ot these men went to the limiae ot M: | (Junior, there helot? «□ oueat homo bin tu the horses while the other two, |i.*K. Mii ami Alvin Muxdeld, proceeded to (tic liuu* •'“h and went in. They asked if Mr. ihmit- lived there, and being answered in th,- jir.' motive, they asked him to go outwhUitain (V*’ saying they wished to have a ebat. Mr. (, toid them it they bad anything to *iv t 0 ‘JS “talk it out there.” They replied 7S Ing that a friend of Mr. G.'s, a mV. i-S Fowler, had sent them there. Mil!<r represented Fowler, who was well known to Mr. Gunter, as his (Miller’s) uncle. Miller alec sa ! d that >*i2 Maxticld. his companion, was the eon of da old friend and acquaintance of Mr. GumerV Mr. G. then said that it woald be t > have their conversation in the presence i friends, and sent his son, a boy of tmiriven, \%L> for some of his neighbors. Meantime m-c I "fc the actions and some words dropped by two men, Air. Gunter’s suspicions ?*re« aroused, and he resolved to gel awav frrru them if be could. In his attempt*:.' '■& cape, the two desperadoes sprang toward pC him with their drawo pistols. Thrv caught him, and the children comiuei;>-/j . screaming, the young son returning aboutir 3 this time without any of the ncighb- rv The ruffians let go their hold, but kcjl their cocked pistols presented to Sir. head. Miller and Maxticld again laid vi., : rT-<. lent hands on Mr. Gunter and foremi bie* 1 -*' to go with them. As they started otT ML*- Mariaura Gunter seized ber father’s clip;,- ping axe, determined to defend her luref.; r to the last extremity. The two men . arrici her father np a lane, skirted by some u.-od- to a spot about three hundred yurd.-. xr*-ra the bouse, the intrepid Marianna foihorin.* with the axe end watching every movement The ruffians now baited and ordered .Mr. *2 Gunter to pull off his shirt. Tin.- he re lused to do, and Ihev commenced healing ?85 him soundly, and kept it up until the <-M e &- .aent’enmn became insensible. The daugL- v®! ter. Marianna, at this lime came to the ** T r axe In band, resolved to do or die. Picture f if you can, b young girl of nineteen, bv "il-. *' mnonbeum’s misty liglit,” and hi tb- -- public road, unprotected save by her Intrepid - - soul and lofty courage, brandishing a red,- r wocifn an’s axe in the faces of two-taUirt i: ntffians in defence of her father. She wi, »** met by Miller, whoordcredhertoretire. ?t.c replied by a blow with the axe, that mthc collarbone In two; blow Billowed Mew in ~ quick succession, till Ihcmauwasprosinuj to Ihe ground, covered with ga*bcs. Max field was at that moment In the act of-hcoi- > : Jrg her fallicr. She sprang toward Idm, snatched U e pistol, and threw It aside. Ui u ' energy* and dcstieratlon. she seized Ma*twe ! ; lit by the hair. and. with the aid of her v.-uu; ■* s * bioi her, felled him to the earth. Again s.c •'* applied the Woody axe, and three irgntful’ f gnslics left (he blood oozing from where the skull had been edit. The third man with the horses camcnp. bat the father rec>* verm * be rsom cd. Mr. Gunter, his brave daughter and little ton, returned to the hon^e. Tbe two men who had felt the «dgo of : Marianna's intil axe lay In the road, welter ing in their Wood tIU morning, when tncy were carried to a house some dl*tam*e f. <>m Urn Woody rencounter. At this hou-** tlu v both died of their wutinds. Miller Huger ll v» Er a ft iVs ol y r » ,O s foUr,cen au ' l di-d ; wounds. The old * ond son immediately left for Kemuckv '•» tl ough tliev Jiave since been back to th-’ir home. The father «nd the heroic d.tnghier wj are now in thla city, and arc Ihq gue-Ui* ..f Mr. Bruce, at the Kock City Inn. Thn heir •o wA lram, an excellent character for ■ J % mi, nim.,l, nn.i v«*rnr'tv. »•••( tin. *M inent made In the foregoing "is cormhi* nicii Jj by iiianv poisons who arc cognizant of the VJ facts. History, romance and poetrv nuv i<e sought tn vain fornlofticrexhiidtion ol exit v ago, or lor n display ufdeeper Darentul d.-v.i tlon, than was evinced by this young girl on that terrible and trying Aprii night. * CRIN. CON. A Circus Clown Brilucc* a Voiinii Gtii tn Fori Yknyne. IniUaiiN. (From tbe Louisville Courier, Jaimurr .T> | About two years slnco, a young ami inn * cent country girl named Sarah Martin. I. n licr parents, who rctldu afliw uillcHlnmi K»rl Maync, Indiana, and sought work m tint plncc. Tlio father of the girl Ij n hnr.l ».i-k , true man, whoso probity nmt ItnltiMiv l.i. ail inlrltiK neighbors bear willing wltVe-s t-> / An Increasing family mid th<jdrh)litv tii >t ur , companies liier*»shig year* were sifimi; .o gtinients to Induce him tn permit hi* ter to null tbo "belter of the putenml r-'..| nnd reek employment in llw town. I‘bu girt. unr.cqimlnlcd .«Uh tin- wile*nmt mures to by encountered inn world where sparkling eye* ami pretty Kuos me |.mw Unit exelte Ido enpidPy. ol bud took it lu tin u.ulug stiiimn, mid «»-m beeunie u*'t|u-ilnted with 4 nmn mu .imu** Mi'Diimild, who served Id KIM UU. '» h.*v. I mg elicns uaseeond clown. A few w.-ektof Inlinmtii aeo.ualnlunco «uilko,l to t»rei< »b« wtiy tor 11.0 ruin of Urn g.rl. flntletles, and pmmbut n« sweet umi u. nrmbt iu the pictures drawn by "M. hi -U'’" In tbo 'Lfsly of l.yon*" stole)nt*» her *•»• ruptured sunl, and ttlic believed us the hno nmol tbo jduy b.dlcvud. Tho honey -1 bis wojds lingered even In her dream*, u.s Iht* gered with the Poles of old the «wt-utiu-e i.f luu Lotus. Hu prollsred his protection and the cure and attention of a lover. His prof* fer was accepted, and the unhappy girl agreed In a moment o» delirium to live with y ntm In an unmarried state. Friend# urged upon her the Importance of IcgltliaUlug her connection with .McDonald, and rite begged ' him to marry her. After almost two ve.»rs of torturing slights and fears, of harrowing allusions to her conduct, and of cuuin sneers from neighbors, he married her. “ They left Fori Wayne and to Jclfcr souville, Indians. He runted a. small hou<e, dissipated betrily, and his wife was finally compelled to vrerk in the capacity of a ser vant for a Mrs. Ogden of that place. One. Monday morning, before Christmas, McDon ald came home drunk, and whipped hia wife unmercifully, almost breaking her arm. Mc- Donald still continued dissipating in ibis city during the holidays, and was frequently confined in the station-houses of the city. • Just before New Year’s day be whipped his • wife again, and the poor, helpless, ana heart- < broken girl came to this city to find emoioy- -j ment. bhe was engaged as a cook on Third street, but financial embarrassments compel ling the pale of the establishment a few days since, the unfortunate girl, homeless and . shelterless, with but scanty clothing to defy * the wintrv blast, came to-day heart-sickened, tearful, to the First street Station-house, and ( asked shelter from the cold. We believe her t deserving of assistance. Her story is repeat- I ed to all who ask it, without auy incongrui- f ties or contradictions. ? BIGOTRY Ui ECUADOR. The Serial or the Enclbb ninleter- Reprehensible Conduct of the Papal Nuncio and Bishops of Quito. The Cincinnati Gazette states that private letters received in Columbus, Ohio, from Quito, Ecuador, give the details of un occur rence there which excited considerable in dignation on the part ot the foreign as well as many of the native residents of that place. Mr. Neale, the British Minister, died there early last mouth, and the Papal Nun cio refused to allow the.remains to be inter red in Ecuador,claimingtbatthc consecrated grounds of the cemeteries could not be pol luted by the burial of a heretic. The civil Government took an opposite position, and ordered the customary respect to be shown the deceased. Mr. Neale’s sou pre ferred, however, to have the body ta ken to a vault In one of the churches, for the purpose of being embalmed and then sent to England. The funeral services took Slace, and tho procession, consisting of the Iplomutlc corps, several of the Ecuadorian Government, a company of soldhr-, and others, had reached tne gate of the church, when the Nuncio and the Bishop of Quito ordered it to proceed no further. The Min ister of Foreign Affairs at once ordered tho soldiers to tear down tho wall in the rear of the church and convey the remains to tho vault by that route. Our representative, Mr. Coggshall, backed by the entire corps, protested against such a proceeding, dcclar ing that it would bo an Insult to the memo ry of the deceased minister and the civilized world, and demanded that they should be allowed to proceed through tho rroin-T en trance to tho chnrcb, or not at »1L The Ecna dorian Minister then announced that the will of the Government should ho enforced, and directed tho troops to clour tho way for the procession. The Church authorities of fered no Airlhcr resistance, sud the body was placed la tho vault. As (bo funeral par ty was returning from the church they were met Ij an ald-dc-camp, bearing a mcnairo from the President, promising a military (brcc snlllclfiit to have proper respect slirvu ot tho rcmnlns ot tho deceased. ■ --J 1