Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, February 2, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated February 2, 1867 Page 2
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(Eljicacja •DAIIT, TKI-WEEKLT ASDITELKLT. OFFICE, If a. 91 CLAKH-ST. T&cre*rt*aree edition* wrjaeTrauw* usoao. in. ren xaomsr. IW tircaunou t>r cimm, oewsmet ma u»e r** 11 *- M. TheTM-Wawi-T. MobCijt, Wea sttdßis sad FnCsys, rot the oaUs-tmivt Vi> aw.v 08 TborwUy*, fox the malls sad. tee st oar oat ter saint newuaea* Terns ofihp Chian Tribune: OKtj«tfi«wii» t» axr w Dilir. Muesli Wbscriba* (per nrsmt, p»j*- - 111.00 1-88 ■ yn jvrroni remlttjiik «ad ontenax or niorc eopia of either the Trt-Wesklf or Weekly edition »• oisy reteta tea percent olihesahsaipuoo price u s eonialMtae. hOTICX TO BCVSCBIBKES. .—la ordering the sddreu 01 fourpapen chsn£rd,to prarest delay, De sure sad ipteUT vtstedltioa you ute—«ldy, Tri-Weekly. orDslly. Abo, KtTejosrrKDaD>TsodfstsresddrcM tW“ Hooey, by Otaft,Erp«*». Money orders, or la Betl»teiedLeßen.iiisjbeMßt*toßrtti)c. Address. T&IBQKK GO*. Chlesso, Ut. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 3, ISC7. THE WEST AND TBB TAUIFF. ■We imlte the attention of the farmers of the West to the fact that the new Tariff Bill increases the price of every article they hare to purchase and does not advance In any re spect the price of anything they produce. The present extraordinary high price* of all articles manufactured of iron, this tariff in* creases to the extent of ten to fitly per cent; upon every article of cotton or woollen cloth, every garment they wear, and every yard of either that they use In their house holds, there Is imposed a large additional tax; not a dollar of .which Is levied for revenue. This tariff enters the farmer’s domicil and collects ofhlm an Increased tax on the salt that he uses to core bis meat, the gloss that he may need, the leather and harness for bis teams, the blanket on bis bed, the coat and shirt on his back. Every utensil and Imple ment, from the common Jack-kuUc ami null to the reapers and mowers, the shoes of his horses: the rakes, hoes, spades, shovels, pJows, alio knives and forks for hi* table, the csorkery wpr» upon wliloli him himli »ro served, the tin ware and other utensils of the dairy, are oil taxed, not only to the enormous extent hitherto endured, bnl taxed additionally. What compensation is given to the fanner for this increased taxation! 1 lie produces breadstuff* and provisions which mu*t lie sold lu foreign markets because they cannot, ah be sold at home* Tito farmers of Ohio, In dlsna, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, lowa. Missouri and Minnesota ore obliged to send their surplus breadstuff* to Europe. They roust ‘ell. The price ol grain and provisions la Europe depends mainly upon the supply there. American breadstuff* uud provision* cannot be sold In England above the price for which the same articles of British or continental growth can be sold. Thcic Is h limit there, except In the rare instances ofa general famine, upon the prices of American produce. . The Northwestern agrJcuUnrlsfc-who must sell hi.* surplus In that market, is not at lib erty to advance tho prices of bis productions In proportion to the advance In the prices of other things canted by the tariff, fie must accept the prices which other nations can af ford to raise grain and cattle for. And these prices in turn regulate the prices at home, fie cannot' sell for a higher price in New Tork than he can In Liverpool. This tariff affords him no relief. It prohib its him from selling his corn to better advan* tage by exchasgingit for cloths, iron, copper, leather, glass and crockery, where he can ob tain those articles at one half of tbclr cost here. It compels him to sell Aw products at whatever price he cau get, and compel* him to purchase his clothing, furniture, and farm implements with a'tax ranging from ttrmty to one hundred per cent added to their actual value. For the first time in the history of the country is presented tbe policy of Impoverishing tbe agricultural population to build up fortunes for speculators and manufacturers. It is not pretended that this enormous increase of the tariff on Imports is to Increase the revenue. The revenne exceeds the wants of the Gov ernment already. In a large number of the articles needed by farmers, and entering Into general domestic use, tbe rate of duties is prohibitory. This tariff will stop importa tion, and diminish the revenue, and to the extent that it stops importation it will stop exportation. If the revenue laws were amended so as to ccmpel every man to pay a direct tax of fifty per cent upon every yard of cotton or woollen cloth, every pair of boots or shoes, every pound of nails, every pound of leather, every pane of class, every spade and shovel, plow, rake, hoe, and other latmiug Implement,—every cup and saucer, every article of class or crocUcry ,<M J_Wotutot, Vukt* o* 'up, every article of hosiery, cutlery, or earthen ware he might purchase, how longwouid the country submit to the oppression? Yet that Is the indirect effect ol this tariff. If the tax upon the consumers was levied directly by the Government, there would be tbe satisfaction ol knowing that it went to meet the wants of the Government; but under this tariff, the tax is Included In the price of the article, and is collected by and goes to tbe exclusive use of the speculator and manufacturer. Tbe Government gets none of it. ■Western Senators and Representatives who voted tor this bill will have to meet their constituents upon this subject. They will have to answer why they heaped this enor mous load upon tbo agricultural interest, not for the purposes of revenue, but to give a bounty to Eastern capital and Eastern manuiaclurcs. Lcttbdu point out a single Instance wherein they have given him a ceut ora faithing, while taxing him thus enor mously upon everything be uses or con sumes. Why have they levied upon bis lands, ills Income, bis labor, bis mean*—tbo very sloes upon bis plow.borecfl, the boards in bis fence, the sail on UU table, to give a bounty to a comparatively tew men of large capital, avaricious disposition aud unscru pulous cunning? Weablrm, aud we shall prove, that this bill levies a lax ofover one hundred millions of dollars per annum upon the agricultural popubitbn west of the Alleghunics from winch they get not • dime of return, but on the contrary, suffer an additional loss by tbo deprivation of their foreign markets. We nflum that this tax is levied upon llio West for flic benefit of Eastern manufacturers and speculators. Tbo tact that n lew Western Hmstots oml Representatives held the knife to ihe tliront of their own section while "II ns dtew it across (tie Jugular vein, dues not tiller Mm 1 mciillal lads In llio case. .moivniiiM'N in tint civil. SKIKVICH. Mr, Ji'tirken, of lih'Mlu Island, lists nude a bold pr<'position In the llonso of Ro|»resenl* alive*. It comes In the form of a bill from the Committee on Rolnnehmoiil, and Is nothing )om than an effort lo remove the whole civil service ol the Hovermin-nt out side of party politics, and to jduce it on tho same basin where tho tmlllaiy and naval ser vice ttand«, in theory If not altogether In fact. Mr. Jcuckcs proposes that ttiero shall he appointed a Board of three Commission ers, whose duty It ahall lie lo prescribe the qualifications requisite forcach branch and grade of the civil service of the United States; to provide for the examination of ail persons eligible under the act who may pre sent fhmoclvcs for admission; to es tablish rules governing the applica tions of such persons, the. times and places of ■ their examination, the subjects upon such examinations shall be had, and the coudactlugthc same. All appointments shall be made from perAons who shall hove passed the pre seriated examinations, aud the place assigned to the one who stands highest in merit; and the right of seniority stall be determined by the rank of merit assigned by the Board on the examinations, having regard also to seniority In the service. The bill contains other provisions of minor Importance, calcu lated to cany out and complete the leading features above set forth. It will be readily seen that the adoption of such a measure would wholly revolutionize the present sys tem of appointments. The offices, instead of, going to the “victors” in an election, asa matter of coarse, would remain in the hands of meu especially trained for them, and ap pointed because so trained and qualified- A Postmaster would not be pat into office because he approved of the po’lcy of the Ad ministration temporarily in power, or asa re ward for services in securing the success of a Presidential candidate or political parly; but because, on dne examination by a Board of Commissioners, be had been found better qualified for the duties of the position than any other applicant. The Collector of a port would not be commissioned because of his ability to influence more votes in an election than fitly other man, hut because of his prc-cmlucnt abilities to peform the duties ofa Collector, and because of bis well-known integrity. In short, It is pft)posed to substi tute merit and personal character instead of political views and services as qualifications for all civil olficcs filled by appointment, and to establish a system ol promotion similar' to that theoretically prerailing in the army aud navy. In submitting this bill to the House, Mr. Jcnckcs advocated it not only as a measure of economy and retrenchment, but as one calculated to remedy permamnUy the gross evils resulting from the present system of appointments. He stated that for many' years to come the expenses of the Govern ment will exceed three hundred millions a year, and that in the corruption of nolltics all the places by which this money is ab sorbed have become the reward of partisan ship. At every change of administration that brings a different "political party Into ’power, the tlme-wilhlo which a clean sweep van be aide, depend® npon the Industry and zeal with which the incoming authorities can hear and decide upon the claims or, the new hordes of office-seekers. ‘The present method Is to appoint the man first and try to teach and discipline him after* wards. The' principle ,oa which the! bill is founded, said Mr. J., Is, that the people are entitled-to ihe best ability to Wobtalucd for. the money they, pay ibr. the service ro tiulicd.'' He 'also announced"Uiat the horn* mittce had tnadelnqnlrles Into the conduct! of specnlatora In come- departments, . and that-'It 7 Was “certain that'thcro' arc “ swindlers dad- tblercs la the pay-of the “ Government who cause a greater, loss ! tb It M tlsen the amount of their -salaries.” • He claimed that all this would be remedied by the proposed system, and argued that It would stimulate education, and oven a career to all who wish to serve the Bepnb*> lie; that the nation will be better'-served/ the Government more stable snd-bettcr ad* ministered., property more secure, personal rights more sacred.' and the BcpuUic more respected and powerful. The subject is certainly worthy| of the most attentive consideration. , No: doubt the evils portrayed by- iMr. Jcncks exist to an alarming..extent; bnt how Car his scheme would remedy them,- is another question. .West Point hss'noi been by any means exempt from party Influ ences and passions, and the country has not forgotten that when : the rebellion broke out no small portion of the graduates of that institution took np arms against the Govern eminent whose bounty they bad shared. Neither have all the recent appointments and promotions In the army been above; the suspicion of resting on partisan grounds, rather than on merit and services. Wu shall nevertheless he glad to sec the experiment tried of resting the civil service npon merit, especially in ati offices connected with; tho crllccllon of the revenne. Here, If nowhere ’ else, should fidelity and experience be made i the sole qunlillcutlun for oliktjt station^ Pormoi* wiul Miutufscturcn, C’UICAOO, January 31. Cdllora Chicago Tribune: la your comment* open (Senator Sherman’* speech, In jour lender ol the ffnb lust. you rotor to “Mlr*uiilliuiry luvriiiiiin" contilnvii In that uprrch. Ii it not tiomlblf Uni /ujr jruur arnclcM against ttio maoutacturtair liuamthi oMho cunt try. contain, at I* art, equally oxlmordiuary ■jirtcitioim 1 that In working for cheap paper, you tit* not at the aatuo time ' Diktat; fur ttio tutumata oftho people u» a maul You uiaku n dla'.lnci Iraiio he ween (ho farmer and labeling man on fho unetMo and (be manufacturer on Usoolber. Now lot ua compute the price* iscelvcd now by ’be lamer and those received by tba manufacturer, with ibo prices before the war. Wheat aud corn arc from (no to two and a ha'l times as itlgbar there articles averaged foe several year* before tbe lebollioii, and though I do not pretend to lie ported it detail on the relmivo prices of all faixa ptodt-ctr, I cannot (>e l&r amiss tn averaslng the remainder at nearly or qnlte >be same. If labor requisite to carryfon farming operations baa ad* | ▼arced, (bat necessary to carry on maauf.tcmrlng has lollowcu In ihe same ratio. In maunfacturcd artlchr, at you specially allude to It. aad 1 am more comcrsant with that branch than other*, 1 ■al» leather lor companion. Sole leather has advanced about elxiy per cent; the raw material j ol which it ta manufactured, an exclusive! ragri- I cnPniul product, has advanced two Unndrol and thirty pei cent. About IbU same ratio holds true with alt kinds ol leather, at least with the staple varieties, with the exception of French calfskin. American calfrKius have not proportionately ad* vtneed mere than o her kinds of Amancan leath er, wbtk the raw material wberewltn to make U, which Is furnished by the opnrtttul farmer, baa advanced two bandied per cent. Preach calf skins arc imported articles, a luxury and not a necessity, to a great extent, and very IltUe used by faisers. 1 do not wish to write a long article or to enter into details, bat tbo fact that the labor* In? man owes the necessity for high wages mainly to the increased price paid to dinners for their products most be patent to yon. The clothing, leather, hardware, lumber, salt and Inrmluie arc Inconsiderable articles com* puled to staple provisions, bread, meat, «fcc-, re quired hy the laboring man to sustain and enjoy lilc. Iligb rents, fur which neither mannlaclmer nor high tariff la responsible, is the second high est item in the expenditures of th * laboring mao. It might prove a subject worthy of consideration, whether heavy* importations, creating a propor tionate demand tor gold or Ita equivalent, do not thus, through the law of eui plr and demand, do more to depreciate onr currency and keep up high prices than all oilier matters of political economy. Hekht C. Gbcz. Answer.— ln the first place we have not' published any articles “against the manu facturing interests.” No honest manufacturer will pretend that ho needs a seventy per cent gold duty. In addition to the cost of traisportation, to enable him to carry on his business- SVe have said, aud wc repeat, that any trade which requires this amount of taxation levied upon the community to support it, is a national loss, and ought to be abandoned. Mr. Grey states rather wildly that “ wheal 'and com arc from two to two and a hal “times as high as those articles averaged “ for several j cars'’before the rebellion.” If Uito -were Iran U would -prov« aottalaz ta tbs argument, for it la perfectly certain that if the tariff were raised one thousand per cent it would uot raise the price oi wheat or corn lu Liverpool one farthing, aud until U rises iu Liverpool It cannot rise a hair to New York, lint the statement quoted la untrue. The following are the average cold prices of wheat and com in the Chicago market “for acvctul j;eara before the re “ hellion:” Spring Wheat. Com. .. .. « 63 c MH 43 c OJK 43 c . The average currency price ofsprlng wheat in Chicago during the year 1806 wa- $1.40, and as gold bore an average premium of forty cents during the- year, tbo average price of spring wheat was one dollar, or nine cents loss than It was iu 1854, tbirty-ouo cents less than In 1855, five cents less than iu ISSU, and onc-laif cent higher than In IStO, the ymr before the rebel lion, which,- as Mr. Morrill tells ns, was “ayear of as great production and “prosperity n* any In our history a year when the average rate of duties on foreign goods was ouly.fi/Iwn percent. The average currency price of com during the year 1900, was 58 cents, rnd tbo gold price 81 cents and G mills, being actually lower than tbo average price duttug any one ol the seven years prior to tbo rebellion. A prohibition of importations la necessari ly a prohibition of exportations. Commerce is an exchange of commodities. Every act ol legislation which cripples commerce, deprives the American farmer of the market Hint Cod gave him, aud lo that extent de presses hie industry. Articles of luxury from foreign countries will ho bought by (ho rich* In spile ofntiy tariff that can ho laid upon them. And It Is a well-known fuel that the tnrllf does not full so heavily on these ntli. cits as on Urn articles of necessity which llio tmorer classes consume. The trade hriwoeu the United Hiatus aud foreign eonnlHcs is of two kinds. One kind U that which is eairkd on In clipper ships taking nut Hour and provisions, and bringing buck arl teles of eommon iisn In every liouselmhl, The other kind U carried on In ocean steamers which carry puMenger*, gold, Government hands. and artlcli-B oj fuxury, sufch us wines, liquors, Mlks, broadcloths, etc. Tho Tariff Bill U Intended to k|ll tho former. Tho latter will continue to exist, and os the articles of lux ury cannot he paid for In flour and provis ions they will necessarily bo paid for in gold. All alteinjitb to circumvent gold by tarilfs. ex port duller, and penal legislation since tbo bcuinuing of the world have miserably lalkd. tS?~A bill has been Introduced in tho Legislature, to Incorporate a company for the purpose ol building a good substantial turnpike road from Oak Park to thia city— or, rather, of making a good road out o( tho very miserable one now In existence. It is estimated that it will cost fifty thousand dollars to make this very desirable Improve ment, and the citizens of Oak ready lo subscribe this amount, and only ask the privilege of levying sufficient tolls to keep the road In repair and reimburse themselves lor the expense Incurred. The road is about eight miles long, and passes through a low marshy district, which will have to he drained. Thelmprovcment Isgrcatlyueedcd, as the present roadls almost Impassable and little better than no road at ail, and cannot be made a good road in any other way. IVe do not think there can exist any well-founded or reasonable objection to this enterprise, and we Lope tboblll will pass. tST’Thc Washington correspondent of the Cjicljtati Coiiu/icrcufl makes a statement which he admits to be <4 Improbable on Us ftce,” bat claims that he has investigated the matter and is satisfied of its tmth. He says that Mr. Ashley is the ca’.’s paw of Gen eral Bailer, and that a conspiracy was con cocted between Butler, Stevens and Ashley, wit a view to Institute an inquiry Into the conduct of General Grant and -to impeach him. According to “Mack,** the correspon dent in question, tbls-was the meaning of Mr. Ashley’s resolution offered in the House about a month ago, directing the Judiciary Com mittee to Inquire “H any officer of the United States had been guilty of high crimes or mis* demeanors within the meaning of the Consti tution.” lie states that when this resolu tion was offered, Mr. Bingham immediately saw through it, and going over to Mr. Ash ley, told him it was a stab at General Grant. “ Suppose It docs Inclndc Grant,” answered Ashley, “can’t wo Investigate his conduct, too, and can’t we impeach him, if he has been guilty under the resolution?” Bing ham told Ashley he was “ a fool,” and asked him it be did not know that Congress could only Impeach a civil officer under the Constitution. Mr. Stevens came up while this conversation was in progress, aud la re* ply to Mr. Bingham, who asked him the meaning of this assault on Go. Grant, said; “Oh, nothing, only we want to luvcstlcstc some charges recently made against him. I don't see why Grant should be (tee from Investigation, any more than Johnson. Tic's Just as-bad ai Johnson.” Finally, Mr. Ashley admitted that Mr, Stevens had a little to dbywith the resolu tion, and General BaUer a little; We agree wlth v Mack,'-that this story is “ improbable on its fkce." He does not pro fess to have heard the conservation himself acd.relies on the statement of another per son, in whose accuracy ho professes full faith. It is scarcely probable that a scene '. and conversation so remarkable os this Wonld have escaped the attention of the reporters; and If.lt had. It wonld certainly have been the topic of conversation among members, and wonld hardly have required a mmth’s time to find its way luto print. XUE BECOEDEE’S COUET. 1U (JwfulßCM, and Why It Should not be Abolished* Chicago, February 1. TolheEdUoroftheChlcago Tribane: The rcmonstranco of (be Bar against tbo abolishment of the Recorder's Court, and your very pertinent remarks on the subject, will certainly meet with the endorsement of. those who are conversant with the facta, and who feel an interest In the administration of tbo law in our courts. * The Recorder's Court la essentially a Crim loal Court; its civil jurisdiction Is Tory re stricted, and ’ occupies but little of Its time; Its criminal Jurisdiction embraces ail eases except murder; and will) ibis criminal business, comprising a number and variety of eases which ote cau only realize by examin ing the records of the court and the criminal statistics of our city, that courtls constantly occupied, with short Intermissions, the year round. To argue that such a court U of great Importance and convenience In this city seems unnecessary. It Is obvious; ex* Vcrltuco shows It; and we find like courts, of exclusively criminal Jurisdiction, (or sub stantially so,) in all largo cities. They arc essential to the convenient, orderly, and, wo might add, seemly administration of the law, civil as well as criminal. That the son ol the Presiding Judge basau extensive practice In this court may or may not be a public misfortune; surely It Is no reason for abolishing the court, Webber is the character ofthc Judge, which, however, has never hern questioned, It U believed, a timtu-i'lnvolti-d In this Inquiry, and equally Without Jon'**, to say liio toast, la the sug gestion that the salary and fees of the otll ecr* of this court mu needed to enhaueo the compensation of the Judges and oijlcors of atoiiicr tribunal. if the Judaea of the Supreme Court can well iitsumo tlie additional burden of lliu laiuo amount of work which the prop med change would Past upon them, they aru ccr* tuiulv nut fully employed ut present nud should scarcely ask for an Increase of pay. Rut, in this is not no ; tlio number ol Judge - , or, at.all events, the available ju dicial force in our court*, Is now hardly ad equate to tbc needful despatch of civil Imlf noth. Tills is uti Uth well Known and appre ciated by bath suitors and lawyers. Where is lie vacancy of unoccupied time and unemployed energies to receive this proposed inctesae of labor, which occupies another diligently working court prettr tmicli tbc whole year? It cannot bo claimed that there is any such. The necessary ethn ical buses (murder ca<cs) of which tbc Re corder's Court has not jurisdiction, together with the large amount of civil business, which naturally comes lo the Superior Court, are quite sntlicieiit to occupy the time and cm* ploy tbc abilities of three Judges. This Is so at present, and with the growth oftbc city, the business may be expected largely to In crease. There can be no doubt that it would work most serious detriment to tbe standing oml usefulness cf tbe Superior Court, should Its docket be encumbered and the attention of its Judges occupied with the multitude ol criminal cases, of all degrees of impor tance, which arc now disposed of ia the Re corder’s Court, and which os involving liber ty would have just preference over other c.i«cs. If the claim, which is attributed to tbc friends ot the Judges of the Superior Court, that their compensation is'not adequate, is well louuded, us It probably Is, the remedy should be sought in a legitimate and direct way and not by blotting out another needed tribunal. The only good ground for abolishing the Recorder’s Court would be that there Is no need of it. That reason surely docs not exist. The public were sensible of its advantage when it was established, years ago, and the necessity fur such a court has been a grow* lug one ever since, and in the nature of things will so continue. Besides, as has been remarked, the Superior Court Is needed exclusively, or as far os possible, for civil business. By the passage of the proposed law we should be deprived of one valuable court and serlousiy injured lb tbs Impaired usefulness which would inevitably result to the other. It Is to be hoped that our representatives In the Legislature, whoso suggestions will doubtless be heeded on this subject, by those who have no special interest iu the measure, will sec to U, that no such bill shall become a law. A Rbuonstcant. The American Sabbath. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: Tbe pctlllou ufa number of oar German fallow citizens, for a repeal ot the Sabbath Ltw, noticed In Wednesday’s Tbibukx, has probably not been weighed in all its consequences, aaeucb an im portant matter-demands. Allow me to submit rome eoa-ldmilona vblcb may lend to ladnce them (o imitate tbe example of many thou sands of the Germans of Mow York city, who recently petitioned fbr the better enforccmeut I of the Sabbath Law, under the conviction that -t was irdlt pemablu to their own and their families' 1 wellaie, and to the prosperity of the ountry. 1. Hie S abbath ia an American institution. By this is meant that the right of tbo wording man to reel on the first day of the w eek U protected by the lar sof tliiiti-onc ol the United States, and has been so slnci the beginlneot our National ex istence. to all these Stales the constitutionality of b e enactment baa been asserted l»y ths Courts. Americans very naturally look with some jeal ousy on a nr« norhlcn to allor one of thotr w 11 c:-laMiriied li>ciUuiioDS, embodied in their IcgLs lotive end social 111 c. and commended by the wucriamlhc*t Meeds of the people of all sects aud of various political pintles, especially when this proposition comes profcsx'.rlljr f,om lic: pons who have net yc bad time during their irliffojomn with us, to observe its workings and to study it- principles. We arc willing to ad mit our newly a*nved friends, to civil equality with ourselves: hut equality is not revolution. 3. Tiro American bahbath Is a paying inatltn- Hoc. It puts money tu the workitmuiau’* pocket. It is of the fame nature a- |ho eight hours bill. It takes out of the labor market sixteen per c-nt of • labor which would otherwise be thrown into It, and dose cot diminish the demand. Conseqae’-t- If, it compels tie capitalist to employ seven thou >aud ineu In do the work which be woald other wise try to do with sir. This necessarily increases ibe demand for labor and raises wages. To repeal llio Sabbath Low aud throw open the Sntibaih to labor won*d be to throw one-sixth more labor Into tie msike’, and lower wage* la that ratio. U means tecen day** work for six day*' trapes. II msy bo meed that many men woald not work even 1! they might, Tti!« might be true for h lew yius; but the competition would soon become so gnat that In Chicago, as in Pars, ami la every other French city, every mechanic anti tradesman would be ucc satiated to work seven days In the week. 'lbe design of tbo repeal of tho law protecting the woihlogmau’e day of rest Is to acconjpltsa (his 1 for the law stonily forbids labor anil riotous revelry. Even with the present la'*, thousands of seven-day drudges ora now grinding out their lives Jd the various manufacturing and transpor tation istabllsliinsuts of our city for (he henofll of wealthy capitalists. The repeal of th- Babintb law means a reduction of wages ot fifty cauls a day. it. lie PnbVnlh Jaw !•« RrptihVcanltirilftillon. It means popular Inlclllgenc--. II would be well fnr nur Gctinnn friends (o ask fiietnsulvcs «»hy llisy came lure. Why leave Vailo-Mud? Tho o Imaio Is more salubrious. There l« a* much un* tilled land to Europe amt Asia as in Amertet. The prairies of J’olmid a-d IliiMin arc o« fmilio as ours, ami much neater Hie tnnrkil. Wtivnol remain at home? Evtd inly, line Is some re.uon ttesldrs the iittiurn] mlvaniagi’s of the eltmaos soil, Ac,, which makes America a etcterslle pime (or tie working man. For II Is noilmille Umt ww bam no large Immi station of Ihu Aristocracy. Fow of them ronni , here, slid they donol stsy, They Iravj America wlih every ixptrsstnn or ilUgust, ’ibis p-qmtry and Its liisiliniliun do not smt ilmn. What |s ilie mailer? himuly ililst Tbla ts the walking man’s countrv. 110 rules hern. XJto ln»ilmuou* of America ate made ror the workingman’s pans -111, ana are (dared m his own hacds. (loiraan in stbuliora wore made for tho huiiotli of livlsor and King and Daron and Knight, ana all (he trllio of swo.dsroeu, who dt-sirn lo live upon tho tabor of tb> people. American (iistltmlons are made for the benetn ol the hammermen, and ate put tmo their own bands to take care of. They must have heads as well as hands If they mean to govern thnr country. The aristocrat* of Karon* govern, breau.-e (her have heads between Ihclr aoonUers, and luteliect m them. The peaaauby of Europe submit because their heads are empty. They do not know tbeir rights, tbetr duttos, nor tbo means by wb'ctr they should assert them. The only Umt* to learn which they could have between thwinten ala of their labor lathe Hsbbath; and where, as In Scotland and England, they made a good oao of that in discus atniMhelr God-given rights, tyrants speedily dis covered that a voyage to France would benefit their health. One of the first movements tor Che consolidation of tyranny In England was the very measure row proposed In Chicago—the Book of Sports—a law inviting the people to May poles, tent Is ball, golf, and general revelry on Sunday. This law was proposed trader the very same notions of concern for the health and happiness of Bis Majesty’s dear people; and with a farther concern to make them empty headed tools for tyrants, keep the people from thinking, from reading, from worrh-ppbg God. fill them with beer and tobacco, and yon will have a ready set of dopes for any demagogue. On the contrary, allow the people their God-given right forest onSabbatt*, to improve that day, if they will, in intellectual, social, moral and zvli- cions Intercourse, as the people of Scof lud, England, sad America have done, aud yon will have IntelUcent cMizms. Knowing ibelr lights atd prepared to drfeno them. I invite our German friends to consider ''bvtbcrll Ip cot Eerier to matntais our Ameitcas Republican Institutions, tbaa to go back lo their name German customs? Could we go back to Germany, done wlsn to do so? Not Even the saloon keepers and the liquor Dealers* Associa tion do cut wish an ImpovcitshcA people and a plnndenng arislocrtcy. Then let iwa be content with Ibe ample fortunes they are matins outof onrgeneral pro-petftr. and not kill thocoose which lays the coiden cc?s. Bat snonld they continue to nrre this measure, we most to all honesty tell them, that tills great American Republic U not made fur the sole Bene fit of brewers, distillers acd saloon keepers, but for the benefit ot the whole people—tbai Cbrisil anhyls the common law of the land. anJf*em booled In all onr legt-Uiion, administration of justice and social lilc—li st the European attempts to (mild up fabrics of equal rights upon a ba«ls of Infidelity having all hitherto proved disastrous failures, wo do not feet at all attracted by the tnstitnUons of Germany or France, or ready to exchange our own, wnlrh we have tried and lotted successful, for others which also have been tried, and have proved so dlsa*- tious to the people. For the benefit of tbo Ger man fucliivcs from aristocracy, and of all the people of every laud, we will, with God’s help, maintain oor Christian Republican Institutions; duel among which is Tnz AxEotcas Sabbath. R, P. ITxcd Tatis nr Kxw Yens— A recent New York letter says: “All kinds of business la dull. Young men are pouring bv hundreds into New York for employment, only lo swell the ranks of the thon-aods wbo have nothing to do. Dia* charges from atom, factories and warehouses are taking place every day. It bean especially bard on labeling people, on mechanics, the better class of workmen,rewing women and girls wbo Jost live under the tot of circumstances. Ucartnuding instances of eCCering and want are detailed dally.” Tnx Karras Brats—The cow census of Now York makes the population of the Slate 8,817.618, and of the diy 72fi.33(k The rate of increase does pot equal that ot DlluoU. WASHIHGTGN. Bill to Protect Officers who Sorted on Courts-Martial and- Military Commis sions. Hopes and Purposes of the Semi-Secessionists. Policy of the Senate in Began! to Confirmations. The Various Beams traction Pro jeefs and-the Prospects. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.) Was macron. D. 0., January 39. .The bill now before the Judiciary Com mittee of the House, providing that de cisions of the Supreme Court upon tbo con stitutionality of any law shall be of binding force only when concurred In. by fourths, or, as several propose to make It, two-thirds of the full bench, la not likely to pass either branch of Congress. There seemed to be some attractive features about it at first, but latterly 1 hear considerable objection to it. The Indiana conspiracy case decision has, however, made U absolutely necessary. In the opinion of the committee, to pass a bill for the protection of officers who were, at one time or another during the war, members of Courts-Martial or Military-Commissions. I happen to know that one of the best lawyers on the Democratic side of tbc Henato was re quested, ten days ago, to give an opinion on a question substantially like this: Docs the Court's decision relative to Milligan and Bow les render the ntilcers otlbo Commission that murdered Mrs. Surratt liable to arrest and punishment? What answer was given to this, inquiry I have not heard. It is common talk, though, la scmi-sacesh circles here that Ounoral Hunter ana his ns. toclaivs will some time cornu to trial fortheir uctumtn her ease; and anonymous loiters of threats nml ilciitinciaii>»M Imvo homi sunt through thep< U ollieu to Judge Holi-one writer even declaring that a land is being min'd In New York for his prosecution under ll.lsdtch.lon. The committee In view of all the facta and uf liic acopu uml hearing of that ludlnul opinion, have agreed to report a bill tnr the protection of men Mtuatud os Judge Holt uml General Hunter are. The Idea was In u bill brought forward at the lout session by Mr. Bingham, the As-laUnt Judge Ad* vacate, as will bo rcinumbcrod, tu the aasas inatiun trials, who is us liable to arrest as (ic-mial HunUr himself. The measure as now ready lor presentation by tbccommlttco U as follows: • Jic U mue'ed. itc., That all sets, proclamations ard urdc/8 of the President of tbo united States, i.racls done t>y his authority orappjovil, after the louiihol March, Idol, and before the fln*t of De- cember, Ibtio, respecting martial law, ml.ltsry tri al* Ly courts mat tlal or military comnifaflo:s, or ll.i- aneflt, imprisonment and trial of persons charged with participation in the lato rebellion against the Umtsd States, or as aiders or abettors H ereof, or as polity of any disloyal practice In ara lleiecf, or of any violation ot the laws or adages of war, or ofa£ordltig ali or contort to rebels * gainst tbe authority of tbo United states; and au procccdlncsund nets done or had oy courts* martial or military commission?, or arrc«tsand impusonmcLts made in tbe premises by anr per* i-uue by tbe authority of the orders or proclima* nuns of the President, made os aforesaid, are hereby approved in ail respects, legalized and made valid to tee came extent and whb the same effects as if said orders arid pioclamalions had been Issued and made, and said arrests, imprisonments, proceeding and acts had been done under the previous express authority and direction of the Congress of the United Stales and In pursuance of a Itw thereof Srcviunsly enacted and expressly authorizing and hectinp the came to be done; and no civil court of the Dnlud Siaics. or of any State, or ot tbe District ol Columbia, or of any District or Terri tory of the United Mates, shall have or take juris diction of, or In any mamur reverse any or the proceedings had or acts.done as aforefaid ; nor shall any person be beta to answer iu any of said courts for any act done or omitted to be done In pnrtnacco ot any of said proclamations or orders, or by authority or wub tbe approval Of the Presi dent within the period aforesaid le-pcctiog any of tbe matters aforesaid; and all oulcers aod*oitaer persons m the service or the United Stale*, actingm the premises, shall beheld prima jade to bate been authorized by the Presid-mt; aud all ads or parts of acts Inconsistent with the provisions hereof are hereby repealed. The President and his friends arc alter nately whining and scolding because the Senate sees fit to reject many of tbo civil ap pointments made by him during the summer and fall. I don’t learn that either complaint or profanity will turn the Senate from the course it has marked out for itself iu regard to this matter. It has, thus far, rejected about twice as many nominations as It has confirmed. A majority of the civil ap pointees sent In np to this date are Internal revenue officers, and two*tbirds of those acted upou have been rejected. Hon tbe postmasters will fare wbcp they coma for ward uo'ouc can positively say, but 1 shall not be wide of tbo mark, probably, If I guess that tbclr laic Is foreshadowed in the work already done. The bread-and butler 'men hove no right to complain. In taking office from the hands of Andrew Johnson, when good Republicans were removed to make places for them, they virtually pbrdged liicmMl<r«« 10 au*i«lu tbo Prooldaut’s pro ocriptivc and treacherous course, and voluntarily accepted the respoesi bililics of the situation. Assuming an.«tti tude hostile to Congress aud to tbe great bod}* of people that supported the war, they bad uo cause to expect any favors at the bands of tbe Senate. Generally speaking, evety appointee ol this class may be reason ably sutc that Lc will find bis name, one ot tbceu mornings, iu bio dally newspaper, un dtr llic expressive Lead line, “ Nominations Rejccied.’ r There will, of course, be ex ceptions; If he was a good soldier and has not made himself obnoxious to tbo Repub lican petty since the war dosed, or, if he is the constituent of a Republican Rcprcscna live vbo desires bis confirmation, or if be Is favorably regarded by Republican Senators ui personal grounds, be may bo passed on lor commission. Otherwise be mav as well begin at once to look out tor business In a private station. The rule of action that i have indicated is not likely to be fullowed in the case of unexceptionable men appoint ed to fill vacancies made by death or volun tary icaignatlon. Most of these nominations will be confirmed.- Thu vote by which (be Reconstruction Bill was sent to Inc Committee of Fifteen, yes terday afternoon, is the subject of much comment and Ejaculation. Everybody is asking, What does It menu?. The Democrats voted for the reference, us I hardly need rav, because they don’t waul anything more done with the reconstruction, question, and have strong hopes Umt the com mittee will neglect or decline to report noon the bill. Of the fifty-one Republicans who voted with them for a reference,' It is probable that a score or more nro strenuous ly opjiosed, with them, to any further ac tion. Several of those who voted on this side arc In much doubt as to the course that should bo pursued—one day they seem lo further nn advance, and next day they nnro further delay. Then there Is n considerable body ol good Republicans which favors an Advance, but don’t like any of the various Mils presented—Stevens’, Bingham's, Ash* ley’s, Holden’s or Washburn's— and think n proper digestion of (hem In the Ilecnusttuc* lion Coiiiuiiltce will further the cud they tUslrc (o reach. Tho slxty-flvo who voted against a rcleieucc, nro nil, so far ns 1 rnu learn by dll* Igettl tmiutrv, la favor ol treating Urn (.'on. stliuttoiiiit Amendment as n dead thing— in Invor of reconstruction un n new (msU. Hull a dorm of the bc»l Republlcum In itm lloioo irll mo Umt llicv Interpret lint refer ence ns n plain liullcslhm tti-U thUf'ongresn, at ’east the lower brunch of U, will pan* a thorough hill; and, on theolhcplmnd, olhitp equally good Uepuhlleans Interpret Jt na meaning that tho whole subject will go over to Mitten itml (ho new Congress, lam likely enough to be wrung in my coneluriuu, but my judgment is that the matter will not bo furl her acted upon at this session. There arc two or three hills yet before tho House. Ashley will, of course, press tbo oneiuported by biro from tho Territorial Committee, but 1 don’t believe be can carry It through, and 1 expect lo m{ it follow (be Stevens bill. Many gentlemen, wbo feel that something ougbl to be done, strongly approve action ut present, but fiirura two uiontns’session of the next Congress. Immediately after the 4tU of March. This Congress, they say, bos pre sented the Constitutional Amendment as Its plan—let it stand by that to the end. It bos all It can do If It finishes the Tariff BUI, and the Bankrupt Bill, and the Ship Canal Bill, and the Bank Bill, and the new Tax BUI, and the various other bills now under consideration. Be sides, they eay. the nest Congress will be more radical than this is. Where changes were made at the fall elections they were almost invariably for the better: and it Is. there* fore, best, they hold, on every consideration, to leave the whole matter open for that body’s action. Whether this argument Is or Is not sound, I don’t now consider. I onlv make rccotd that I think it will prevail, though, to be snre, another correspondent, with equally as good means as mine for judging, may reach ao opposite conclusion. Iftbc country appears reasonably well content with the action of yesterday. and iswtUlng to welt for March and April*, lamqultc confi dent that the Reconstruction Committee will never find it convenient report upon the Stevens hill, or any similar bill—lf U generally demands immediate action, it may }xx*UAy get a report, and a vote in the House. Israel. Difference or Longitude Between Uie Old and New Worlds, (From the Boston Transcript.| The telegraphic method of determining longitudes f«r surpasses ail others in the ac curacy of its results. Its lucoptioa is due to S. C- Walker of the United States Coast Sur vey, but Us full development In the form which Is now employed In the Coast Survey is the work of Dr. B. A. Gould, of Cambridge, wbo, everything considered, stands undoubt edly at the head of American astronomical science. Daring the past fifteen or twenty vears the Coast Survey has determined by this method the longitude differences of a scries of points In the United States, with an exactness far surpassing what has ever been attained on the otherside of the Atlantic. Indeed, In all work of thlsJcind Europeans seem to meet with singularly poor success. The difference of longitude between Bag-' land and America has hitherto rested upon the chronomctric expeditions instituted by the Coast Survey dating the years oflslo-5i aud 1555. Fifty chronometers were trans ported between Liverpool, Eng., and Cam bridge, Mass., three times in each direction across the Atlantic. The probable error of the result of these expeditions was nineteen hundredths of a second. Thu value thus ob tained, though for all practical purposes sufficiently precise, is not so in the necessi ties of astronomical science in Its present re fined slate. When, therefore, the success of the cable provided telegrapblctraof-Atlautlc connection with England, patties ot the Coast Burroy were form Jd under the dlrce ilon of Dr. B. A. Gould, to take advantage of the means of obtaining a vUuc more precise than that famished by the chronomolric ex pcdltlons, allusion to which has been made The peculiarities in tbs methods and appa talus employed In working the cable, render the process of determining the longitude by lla means different In many respects from th.it by the land telegraph lines. New obstacles, which made success exceedingly doubtful, were to bo surmounted, and new sources of error eliminated. But tbanks to the genius, experience and perseverance of Dr. Gould, these have been overcome, and tbe results of remarkable precision elicited. The probable error of the resulting lonsltude is about four hundredths of a seconds Perhaps it will give the reader a clearer Idea of the nicety implied In this, by stating that a distance of about nineteen hundred miles has been measured, and that the measure is not probably more than forty feet from the truth. ; The time required for a signal to 'pass through tbe cable bas been discovered with still greater precision la be thirty-one ban dreths of a second; which is probably not in error by one hundreth of a second. This Is equivalent to a velocity of 0,030 miles a second, and is notably less than the velocity of the electric fluid upon Land lines, which numerous observations has shown to average 10,000 miles a second. It tboula be a matterot national pridqtbat Americans have obtained the precedence la a work of such importance. This importance will perhaps be more popularly appreciated from the lact that this lengitude determina tion was fhlly determined upon, and partially prepared for, by the English, and seriously contemplated by the French, when Ameri cans. with characteristic vivacity, stepped In and bore away tbe prize. FEO3I BOSTON. Political, Personal, Literary, and So. clnl Gossip. Wtndrll Phillip* and the Corutltatlun al Amendment—General Butler and Impeachment—Art Wottcr*—Lltcrarjr tioMlp-Tlie Diamond Dlckcn*—The Theatre*—Parepa In Oratorio—Police llrfonmt-XKomauilc Disappearance— The Snow* (doccul Correspondence of the Chicago tribune.] Bosow, Mass., Jimiflrj SO. POLITICAL. I do not tLlnk that Alusaiclinsotls wßlrc- Jed the Congressional amendment to the Constitution, In spite or Mr. Phillips* oh>. qucnl appeal against U, and the evident hunkering of immo members of the comniltleo of the Legislature to dlAtlngulsh thvmnelvos by recommending Its repudiation. The av erage MUtlimnt of the Legislature will voiy likely rvgsiil tlio amuiidmuul as pmvllailly a nullity, In view of i the continued contumacy ofthoSouthern States; hut the ties of party will bind them too Mionglyto permitu break In tho lino. ' Mr. Phillips's oration, of which I telegraphed you on abstract, occupied tin hour and a half In delivery, and wo* one of his Illicit efforts, und especially remarkable for 1U calmness of tone end freedom from the sarcasm generally so prominent in ull bis utterances. Some, thing of the effect of this brilliant argument uuhTout from Us being followed by a speech from that arrant humbug, Dr. P. B. Randolph, the Octoroon of New Orleans. THU man U heralded here by all sorts of laudatory remarks accredited to the Chicago Tiuuunb, but people hoe remember his Hint entrance Into public life, sixteen dr eighteen months ago, when he cuddled up to the President with u printed httcr because that bumble individual told a servant to give his visitor a gloss of wine, and are loth to believe that the Tuiuoxhcju have Intentionally endorsed a person so evi dently u venal adventurer. General Bnllerha* only Just delivered here, within a week, the impeachment speech, which made the specially of his Western starring tour last summer; and now he Is off to Washington again, completing, I suppose, the preliminary arrangement* for his grand tldui upon the Congressional boaids, now only six weeks distant. AUT MATTERS, DclTaas's last plclure, “Good Night." has Ihcq on exhibition at oue of our gallcnos for a week past. It is a large marine piece—a little strip of shore in the foreground, upon which the surf beats angrily, a mastless wreck stranded upon the beach. a limitless distance of tossing ocean, the clouds of the retreating storm towering over ono-half, while tire red rays of the setting son gleam luridly on every part of the scene. It is uni versally acknowledged, I believe, to bo Mr. Dcllaas's best picture,' and, considering this, the price set upon it by the artist—three thousand dollars—certainly seems rather low. At any rate, the painting has readily found a purchaser, and goes, when it leaves here, to grace the gallery of Mr. Jay Cooke, the banker, of Philadelphia. Another gallery has as a central attraction a croup of a dozen paintings by Lewis McEntec, of New York, an artist whose pic tures generally leave his easel to go straight to the walls of the buyer, and are little known away from the metropolis, except by reputation. The efforts now here are ull landscapes, about half of winter and half of summer scenes, and arc remarkable rather for delicacy of lone and sentiment than for vigor of execution or conception. Our artists arc all at work very busily, a majority ol them, almost, with a view* to earning a holiday, which they util spend in a visit to Paris curing the Exhibition Summer. So many arc going that France wilt seem like home to them if they keep in company. LITERARY. Practical sagacity has dictated a vc*y radi cal improvement in the mechanical execu tion ol the now macazine Northern Lijhi*, and bad the first number looked as hand somely as the flflb one, the success of the enterprise mlcht not look so dubious us It now docs. Other Improvements have been determined upon, and if executed with vigor, they may do much toward conquering a po.-ltiou for the periodical. The serial story, • " Neighbors'Wives," crude as it Is insome respects, is quite a valuable feature of the magazine. A great deal «>f mystery has been made about the “distinguished authorship" of the novel, bnt whlspcts which 1 think trustworthy, assign it to Mr. J. T. Trow bridge. It Is rather in the vein of blMlrst and best book—" Neighbor Jack wood." Another secret of auihoisliip Is put to flight by the unauthorized, but, I think, re liable statement that Mr. J. W. Palmer, au thor atd translator of quite a number of books in years pad. writes the "Rcand the World Joe Papers, just begun in the Youwj Folk*. Boston receives with mingled Interest and surprise the minor, which reaches u« by way of New York, that Professor Henry W. Long fellow |*« about to cuter again into matrimo nial bonds. Messrs. Ticknor «fc Fields Issued on Satur day the Ural volume of Umlr new •* Diamond Knilion" of the works of Charles Dickens, the issue beginning, of course, with the "Pickwick Papcis." The volume lias a very neat and charming exterior, and the only faults to be round with it arc in the double-columned pages and the di minutive Upc, which is qnlle legible, but not exactly luxurious reading. These de fects are balanced by the exceedingly low price, which will enable o poor man to be come possessed of the entire works of Dick ens for about eighteen dollars, or of a selec tion for a dollar and a hull for each novel— or Iwenly-tITO cents less If ho la willing to dispense with the Illustrations. These are by that rising young artist, So). E> Huge, Jr., and though they, perhaps, will not satisfy those n hose Ideal Is formed upon (he origi nal ctchinss of Seymour and Crulkshank, they have both vigor and originality, AMISn.MCNTS. Mis. Dowers begins m. engagement here lo night, making her first iiPpeurmirp, ns usual. In tin* character of Julia, In 11 Tim Hunchback." This Indy is unanimously pro, nomutnl by nut* critics tho best actress In America, and tho public generally acquiesces in tbu verdict; nut somehow she rarely eieato* a genuine /'urio'pin Ituifoii, r.ml I could tmtmi I mil a dozen lady stars who would be mure sure of u pecuulmlty tuivowfui oitgtgo* mcuti The Museum brings out lo.night Air tho Hist lima lu America Tom Taylor's DMi drama, "Tint White, boy," produced with moderate suc cess the proem season In London. "The Black Crook " still draws amazingly nt the c'ontlncmal* with a *lopiy and oven lucrea*. lug popularity, which could hardly have been predicted from the shabby manner of Us Uni performance. It ha*> bean Improved in some respects, however, since then, and the t allet gains grace perceptibly with each night's practice. Mr. and Mrs. Howard Paul make their first appearaiee here next week, uud the Boston public luoks forward Ur their performances with a considerable degree of interest as to a sensation promising novelty. Madame Barepa’s engagement with Mr, Bateman close* this week, and she has been secured by onr local Handel and Haydn So ciety to take the soprano parts in two or three oratorio performances In February. "Jcplha" will be produced among the rest. VARIOUS MATTERS. M. Blot has returned here, and was to begin a new series of lectures on cookery to morrow, but his portable kitchen is block aded somewhere lu tho Western snow.drifls, and a postponement of a week is necessary. Two more of our police officers liave been detected In robbing by night the stores which It was their duty to protect, and after a rather discreditable delay, which looked Mkc an attempt to hush up the matter, have been discharged from the force. There are some other indications of a general over hauling of the Police Department by our newly.mstalled City Government. \Vc arc having something like an epidemic of mystcrions disappearances. Besides the incidents of this kind attendant npjn the great snow storm, the a* yet unexplained oisapicarancc of a young.lady Is attracting attention. Ihe lady, who was visiting at a relative's house In the South End, set oat ten days ago for a horse-car journev down town, and hasnot been beard of since.' Being supposed to have gone home, her absence crested 1:0 inquiry until now, when a letter from her mother discloses the fact that she is not there; and os the missing girl's char acter Is beyond suspicion, the way in which she has vanished is most mystcrions. - An other missing person is a bookkeeper of a prominent wholesale house, for whose ab sence it will perhaps not he so difficult to account. Frequent rain storms have materially re duced the superfluous moss of snow, and a few mere will give ns tolerable alelahlug. Revere. Doctors. (Trom the Milwaukee Whcoosln, J-nnary 29.] One of oar reporters bad related to hto yesterday a curious case. Several months since a number of young men, belonging to the city, were In a saloon, drinking. They were evidently feeling very well from the ex citement of stimulants, and were exhibiting feats of gymnastics, when one of them, a yonng German named Wilder, declared that ho had strength sufficient in his fist to knock through one of the stout panels of the door. Before bis comrades could interfere, Wilder struck the door, forcing the panel complete ly. Tbcblow bruised'his knuckles consid erably, but not so seriously os it was thought, breaking the flesh and making them bleed. Tbe hand was also bcnnmbud. Nothing was thought of the mutter at the time, the hand was done up atd the party separated. The numbness In Wilder's baud continued to in crease. He experienced no pain, but a dead feeling, as if the band had gone to sle*p. vb tic expressed it. In a few weiks the hand begau to wither and the Augers lu sarlok up and now they present a carious appearance. The hand is wholly useless, and of a dead looking gray color, os If no blood circulated in it and bas shrunk to nearly one-hall the tlzc of the other band. Tbe nails are black, bat si ill retain their hold upon the flesh. They have not crown any since the blow was <rivcn Upon cutting the band a little blood will stand .m the wound, but it does not bleed like a fresh cat. There Is no sign of mortification In the band. The deadfeellug leaches only a few inches up the arm. Wild er bas no power over the band, and cannot close it. The bones of the- fingers seem to Lave fbruck with the flesh, "and to have gofltncd to a substance resembling gristle. Several smgeons have examined tbe band and declare that they never saw or beard of a case similar to this. Tbe hand and arm arc watched carefully, and If signs of the numbness are discovered spreading, as they arc now, amputation be performed. FRIGHTFUL STATE OF AFFAIRS IS TESSEBSEE. Terrible Outrage* on LoyalldU and Frccdmen— Outlawry* Robbery and Murder. . ‘ j iK-hvmc or I In the Immediate vicinity of Nashville, a \ wealthy gcntleinan had a number of freed- J men in bis employ all through tbe last sum mer. Paring the summer, a bog was stolen Iroro his farm. The negroes may or may not '

have been guilty ol the theft. At all events, , the man refused to pay them their wages on the supposition that they were. One of them brouubt suit, and, to the honor of ’Squire Wilkinson’s Court, in which the matter was tested, obtained judgment for his wages. Forthwith the machinery of the Criminal Court was brought Into play, and all further suits lor waees on tho part of the miserable freedmen sumraarllv barred by the arrest of ttic whole hatch lor. the alleged larceny of tbe bog, aud their instant committal to Jail. A poor fellow, with a wife and aged mother dependent upon him for support, was recently employed by a couple of law yers—one of them a violent little rebel oi ,bo Irish persuasion—to sweep out their room in the morning and make their beds. The little rebel lawyer invited a friend to sleep with him. The friend left his pocket book and gold watch )u the bed. The em ployed colored man found both (hero, and laid them on the inuntc), the lawyerbclnglu the room. Another white mau came in, and the colored man was sent by the lawyer to tbe post cilice. When he returned, money and watch were gone. Forthwith the freed man was arrested for the theft. There was no particle of positive evidence against him. There wore no suspicions circumstances that w ould not apply os w ell to the lawyer and the ether wnltc men. An overwhelming army of testimony wus produced to prove the spotless honesty and Integrity of tho freednun from his boyhood to tho day of his arrest. All would nut do. Ito was morel r*. I '' tut” Jail, and only released wllh dlllkulty at tho end of twenty days, when, by the wild ntid extravagant oxjhmku. Urn s of the rebel lawyer, U was discovered that ho hlrosrli had committed thu theft. From such Justice In Nashville, where everything is often to Inspection, and under the very eyes of Die Bureau, thumlserublolut of tho Irccdman in those portioned’ the titaio where they have absolutely, no protection, may be inh-rred. The condition of white Union men is no better—rotber worse—for, pursued with a innredradlv hatred than the ft-eedmen, they arc foully jnordcrcd, rather than imprisoned and robbed. Frank Erickson, the Coroner of Shelby County, was driven from his homo during tho war by rebels, because be loves his country. He enlisted in the Unloa army; lights tor two years to restore the Union ; leaves bis wife and children exposed to & sc ries of brutal outrages; returns recently to the town of Sommerville to rcpair.lf possible, bis mined borne, and fit it to receive his wife aud children; is met, the first day ofbls re turn, by a notorious rebel guerilla and ban dit, earned Jim Burton, and Is taken by the throat, a pistol placed to his h>jad, and hU •brains blowcd out upon the street I Burton then plants bis foot upon the breast of tbe prostrate and bleeding man, and fires a second ball into his heart. To day the mur derer walks the streets of the town with im-‘ punltv, tho magistrates of the place cither afraid or unwilling to brinjg him to justice. I liavo read & letter in which the poor widow of tire murdered man tells her story, aud It Is enough to make the most callous heart scream with an agony of indignation and grief. Tbe unassuming leader of the loyal men about Triune, Mr. Ryan, Is shot down on Christmas day, and as a consequence, and as his murderers intended, the other loyal citi zens in that vicinity arc fleeing in terror, and emigrating to Ohio aud other Stale*. In Obion County, two deputy Sheriffs arc * murdered while in discharge of tbclr duty: a son of the loyal Senator Case Is butchered i while returning with his parents Horn , church; the eminent Senator himself anccdi ly shares tho same fate; and but a day cr ! two ago a poor ireedman, In the same viola } lty,.was massacred under circumstances of - such atrocity as would put to shame the t fiends of hell. All that region of country is 5 practically as much under the control of the rebellion to-day as at any time during the I war. Within the lost day or two. I have read several scores of letters, written by Union men In different parts of the State, to loyal members ol the Xcgl>laturc, who scut to in quire the state of ulfalrs. in all of these letters the writers pen tnclr words as if in deadly fear; and in almost every lino repeat the earnest entreaty not to let their names.be known, for If it were ascertained by their rebel neighbors that they had communicated with a loyal member of the Legislature, their fate would incvltablybc death. The guerilla Harper still roams at large, plundering, murdering, and exiling Union men and ueedmvn. In Robinson Connty a gang of desperadoes, armed to the teeth, have overturned civil law established a code of their own, one article of which Is that no white man In the county shall employ a colored laborer; are burning the houses ol those who disobey their bloody mandates; arc carrying things with such a high and terrible hand that even the Union and xfttya/cA of this city—a Journal thoroughly committed to the reaction— cither became it is really shocked at these monstrous deeds, or fears lis friends are go ing too fae», (we give It credit for the better motive,) calls upon them, for God’s sake, to desist, and Invokes the assistance of all par* tics to put a stop to heir career. Vr.parallrl«d Depreciation Intlsc SI&1 Building luicrcMt, (From the New York rimes. Jatmar?|?9J It Is a curious fact and one which demands serious and immediate attention, that at the present time there is not a single new mer chant ship or steamer building at any of the numerous shipyards of either New York, Brooklyn or .lersey City, mid only two, it is said, in all the yards of the country; and, further, that there is no prospect of any being built until the pr«sent condition of alfairs is altered. There aic thousands of skilled ship wriehts nod other woikrncn connected with fihlp-builditg tow out of crnplnyruent, who have no present prospects of being able to get work. The present high taxes on mate rials which enter into shin-building bear with destroying cllccf upon the American ship ping Interest, and if not removed the United states must in time ccnsc to be a commercial power of great importance. The number of Amcricuu vcs-els engaged in the foreign car rying trade Ims decreased more than fifty per cent diitiig the last five years, and the American limits arc carried by foreign steam er*. The following Is Mr. Win. U. Webb’s opinion of the present depression in lire ship building trade ; "Tito extraordinary high tnrllT upon {"reign nmnuincturo* enables tbo*c engaged in nmoufaetnritig in thUcomi* try to tiitiku enormous profits, which f-idt has drawn much of (ho capital lieroloprrc otu barked In slilp-ownlmf and tlio labor ol the country into innuubiciorlcs. Heretofore most ohnnUiia l * beside the worn! used In the coiiMrmtlon ami equipment of vessels wero imported at low ini lit 1 mice i now such Ilia* total* can only be imported nt rales so marly prohibitory tba* they rue being man nftetumi in till" country with cxlmvauaiil Profits, even m drp tbn present high cost of labor and raw m.itmmt. "Ueduce the present high tariff mi bur and sheet Iron mid copper, hemp and curd, age, canvas, chains and anchors, and the general equipment of vessels, ait of which can be done without destroying our ninmi* lltcturea, simply reducing their enormous profits .and we can again successfully com pole wltli foielgn-bullt ships, and regain a jortion of the lost trade, notwithstanding the prerent high prices of material and la bor, for both ol w hich it Is hoped the price will eventually fall to a reasonable standard, (though doubtless if ever again so low as formerly), and the redaction of the.tariff* will tend greatly to this reduction of wages.** An lutexteaiMt Woman Mxty Years of Age Frozen Co Deaili. The Cleveland i/mrW, of the SOth of Jan uary, say*: At a very early hoar on Toes, day morning, Mr. Heaps, living on the main road leading from Cleveland to Newburgh, waxarouseu by some one knocking at the door, and upon Inquiry ascertained tost it was Lc«)s Thomas, of Newbnrgh, who de sired help to assist in saving Mrs. Margaret Jones Irom freezing _to death. Hr. Helps hastily called some of bis neighbors, and order the guidance of Mr. Thomas proceed ed to the spot where Mrs. Jones lay. too late, however, to render assistance, for she was dead. In accounting for her presence there Thomas said she and he were at Cleveland together, having left her daugh ter’s bouse at Newburgh on Monday, ‘and were on their way back n<r Kinsman street road ; they had drank con siderable liquor during their stay In the city, and more at Haltnorth’s Garden on the road home. They did not leave Halt north’s until about nine o’clock in the even ing. Through the effects ot the liquor, be coming unconscious of the proper course, they got off the road and wandered about several hours seeking to find It, until Mrs. Jones, too latigucd to walk any farther, dropoed upon the snow. Thomas says he urged her to try walking again, bat in vain. He, too, perhaps from an overdose of liquor, lard on the snow uca- Mrs. Jones nntU font o’clock in the morning, when he awoke, and comprehending the situation, made great efforts to save Mrs. Jones, though scarcely able to walk himself. Mrs. Jones is a resident of Sharoo, Penn sylvania. 'where bcr husband and a large family of childteo arc living, and was upon a visit to her two daughters at Newburgh. She was *lxty years of age. Her friends In Pennsylvania have been notified of her death, by telegraph. , A Lorge Kitate. |Frcmt v e Cleveland rialadea!«*r.l The death of E*l W. Gwynnc, the great cattle king of Madison County, of this Slate, was recently announced. His will, which was made twelve years ago, though consid erably changed since then, has Just been ad mitted to probate. He makes no public bequests, but the bulk of bis Immcusecstatc goes tolls two son?, Baldwin and Edwin, residents of Columbus. To the former bo glvcia farm of B,SOO acres, situated on the National Hoad, and worth fifty dollars per acre, and the latter a “small tract” of 2,800 acres, both loca’ed in Madison County. By the provision of the will these large farms cannot be sold during the life time of his eons, and arc to be constantly stocked with at least $25,000 worth of cattle each. So the Srospcct of getting more small farms in ladlson County, or of reducing tbe ship ments of cattle from London, odea not re ceive much Impetus by the death of the old gentlemen. THE IHolAti WAR. Foil Details of the Fort Kearney llassacre. A Whole Detachment -.of ■ Troops Slaughtered. Horrible Atrocities. Three United States Forts in a- State of Siege. (From the Janesville (Wfa.) Gazette, Jan. 30.] 1 From a letter to Mr. David Van kirk, of this city, written by his bod, Horace D. Vanklrk, Company C, Twenty-seventh United Slates Infantry, now stationed at Fort Phillip Kearney, we arc permitted to make some extracts m relation to the Indian mas sacre which occurred on the 21st of last De cember. He says: “On the morning of December 21st, aboat Sl4 o’clock, firing in the direction of oar wood train, en route to the pinery for timber, was heard, and tbe picket on tbe lookflfnt hill immediately signalled Indians in that di rection. Company C, Second United States Cavalry, and about 45 infantry, under com mand of Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Fetter man, accompanied by Lieutenant G. W. Grummond and Captain F. 11. Brown, with orders to go to the aid of the wood train, and if they thought they could take it to tbe pinery and return in safety, to do so, were immediately got ready* Meanwhile, Indians appeared on tbe hills across tho Pincy Fork, about a mile distant, although scattered and In small. quantities. The 12-pounder was got into position to give them a shell or two, and Colonel Fettcrniau’s party started out the northwest gate. The Indiana had begun to Might out* from among the bushes along the bonks of fluey Fork, as a shell or two went over (heir heads (u the direction of their comrades on the hills. The firing by this time had ceased In Ihc direction of.tbo wood train, and Colonel Fetlcruran had gone down into the valley of the fluey Fork (which rims only about 400 yards from the north corner of the stockade), vu where the Indians were gelling out of the hushes, mid who had not been seen till one i r two shells from the 12-poundor had begun to make them think it was not exactly safe around there; they hod evidently been lying In ambush there since sometime botbre day* light. Thera were, I should Judge, about \M in number ami they were running up ravines and from one place to another to keep out ol sight. When Colonel Fettonnan got down Into the vslloy, he throw out a skirmish line as he advanced toward the creek; the .Indiana were retreating. in a northly direction toward Peno Creek Volley, where Lieutenant Bingham and Sergeant Bowers were killed on the (Jib A small purl}- «r men joined Colonel Fcltcrmau’s puny In the Piuoy Foik bottom, consisting of about tbiec soldiers and tlircc orfOur o ui zeis.who went out on tbclr own hook. “Colonel FeUermoo’s party kept on, and finally disappeared over the bills toward the Plug Creek Valley, and shortly after heavy flingwas heard in that direction. It was by this time most eleven o’clock a. m., and everything In the garrison pursued its regu lar routine ol garrison duty. About lialf pat-t eleven a. m.,' a messenger arrived from the scene ot action and requested more as sistance, and men were soon gathered to the number ol about forty-five, under charge* of Captain T. Ten Eyck, to go to their assist ance. The messenger reported the Indians charging on our.nice in great numbers. I was anxious to goi and 1 could not get a gun handy ■without going down to the company • after my own, and f knew I would not have time enough for that, so I concluded not to co, but an intimate li-Icnd of mine went, and j gel the following statement from him, and he Is. I think, a very good Judge. “He says they proceeded In haste to the field, and upon arming at the edge of Pcno Creek Valley, they discovered further down and in the valley, what appeared to he old cottonwood limbs stripped of their back. The valley was one moving body of Indians, yelling, ruling around uud culling cipurs.as mr down the valley as the eye could reach. My frioud estimated them at from three to live thousand, and ho has seen armies In every position, and i think he has made a careful estimate. They proceeded along the edge of the valley to see if they could find any trace of Colonel Feltermsm’a party, but not daring to co down into the bot tom of the valley for they knew it would be folly, for they would he immediately sur rounded by tbc Indians If they should. They continued along the edge oi the valley until they got to a point opposite to where the ap parent cottonwood trees vyere lying, aud Captain Tcu Eyck sent twenty men to go down and examine the scattered rubbish, and 10, and behold, they were the dead bodies of Colonel Fettcrman and party, and not one was found to have the least particle of liie left, "When Captain Ten Eyck left the Post, an ambulance and three army wagons,’with hay in the bottom to bring in the wound ed and take out 3,000 rounds of ammunition, was cent out directly after Captain Tea Eyck’s party had-left. After it bad been discov ered lhat'Cone of Colonel Feitcrmau’s party were lefFto tell the tale, the wogous and am bulance were driven down and all of the men, except a very few that was left ou a high point to keep a lookout, went down to load ud the bodies. The Indians had re treated down the vallcv and dl l not seem over anxious to renew the combat, but very slowly kept fulling buck, leaving about thir ty-five dead ou the field, being unable to bring them in, but returned the next day, 2fid rust., and brought in thcremainder. Toe bodies were stripped jHirfectiy naked and horribly mulhalcd, some had the top ot their skulls cut elf and their brains daken out. others with their arms rut out of their sockets, and were muti lated in every shape and way imaglnable.nnd had arrows iu considerable quantities stubbed iu their bodies. Occ man, a soldier la Com pany E, Second Battalion, Eighteenth In fantry, had IfiS in bis body, another sixty five, and some had only five or six, more or less. Fiom all appearances ami bust evi dence Is that the party. Colonel Fctlernmo’s, went down into toe valley on a charge, and only 150 ,or fiOO Indians' were visible, and when they had got fu<rly In the bottom, In dians sprang out from among the ravines and behind the little Mils, in immense numbers and immediately surround* d them, for they had evidently fought to the latt man, and hr nit apjMuranccs fought well. Their bodies were all in the space of forty Icet square, although they were not piled on top ol one another. Tnc Indians could not have finished their work of torture many minutes before the arrival of Captain Ten Eyck’s natty, for heavy firing was heard, alter lie had crossed the Pinuy Fork, in that direction. I have given you the particulars as Isr as I can, as far as the tight U concern ed, and I will try and relate Urn feelings of the garrison ou foundation of such a fact. Our total loss is three officers, seventy sis enlisted men, three citizens I know of, and perhaps more. Colonel Carrington, in his despatch icportcd ninety-four killed, but 1 think it Is less than that number. I know, on the night Of the 22d Inst.. Captain Arnold emne into the clilcc and told the Sergeant Ma jor that ho wonted every company to account tor every iimu, as thcio were ninety dead bodiesnl this post.and there were only seven ty-slx enlisted men uml Ihtcc olllccrs, nmk li g a total nfscvmly nine,accounted Aw,nmk* tng n deficiency of eleven men. The giirrWni note in o high state of excitement after the tUndwns brought to, and no doubt the In* dinu* could have token the fort if limy had followed ttp their snocosa, m they were lit overpowering number** The general n»* noddy *ns sounded uml the troops formed m line of bnttiu klmiul 4 o'clock p. m., on tbe airi > Colonel Cavrimilon made a speech mid Mil some encouraging wind*. Our abide aimed -lorcn at that lime only tmm. lend niiu hundred and elevi n men in light* log trim. Think of Uml. Immediately alter dark plnrloim* were buiU to every loophole, and wagon* were hauled lu a circle around the mniMzlnu to make an eiftctim) stockade, dwtcriiiiiiod to light to Hie Itiil limn. At fi o'clock p. in., same day, the general aueutbly was »omukd ugalii, and the troops were again formed in lino. The Colonel said a tew words and the troops deployed around the blockade at tlic loop doles, so that every company would know which side to takuand every muu whut loop-hole to tuko in case of au attack. Our determination, and that of nur officers, wa* to fight at the loop-holes around the stockade as long as possible, and then full back in the stockade around the magazine with the women of Uie garrison, ami there fight to the last man, if necessary, and then blow up the magazine; but 1 think that we could stand against a large force at the loop-holes, os we have the advantage of good-sized logs to stand behind, we were called in as soon as we bad onr places assigned to os. A running guard or nlghtwatch has been kept iu tbu company's quarters every night since, and I think It will continue in the future. Them was not much sleep that ulghL everything quiet, men talking in squads In low voices, guessing if some wounded man had col made his escape and one man left to tell the tale; but none has yet appeared and oil hope Is given up. I. however, went to bed and slept well till about half-post two o'clock a. m., when I awoke and found the Colonel sitting by the stove talking and gassing with some of the boys who were atlU up. The special courier had left that night for Fort Laramie with the despatches of the full accounts and request ing reinforcements. The 33d, 3Sd and 34th passed off quietly- The excitement bad somewhat passed off, the men of different companies wna busy dressing their comrades; lately so full of Hie and good humor, also digging th&gravc; the 33th (Christmas) was not as Joyfhl'here as la the States. That day It snowed quite hard, and the coffins or boxes being finished and numbered, (they were made large enough to hold four bodies) the bodies* were put In the coffins and I took their names, rank. Company, and number of box in which they were buried as fast as they were-brooght out of the buildings. On the 30th they were buried ; the grave was a ditch fifty feet long, six feet deep aud six feet wide, and they were buried two boxes deep and covered. Theboxes were placed iu rotation, aud every man's box has a number, and It is on file, so if his body is to be taken up they will know where to go for it, but tuey are so disfigured that no one would know them, so It b» of no use to take them op. Everything has passed off quietly so far, no Indians have been seen since the day of the massacre, np to to-day; no doubt the Indians lost a larger number of killed, and 2 think rather more than burs, although we Lad none wounded, all of the first party (Colonel Fctterman’s) being killed. Sot one left to ttU (he tale. Our total loss (lo soldiers) sevcnty-nlnc, and three citizens. Three Doited States Forts tu a State of 8 Use. The following is the substance of a letter Inst received from an officer at Fort Phillip Kearney by a gentleman In Washington: The three post forts, Phillip Kearney, Re no-oud Smith are in . a state of siege. All tbe Sioux Indians, including those who com mitted the atrocities in Minnesota, are in the neighborhood. The garrison at Fort Reno consists of three companies of infantry, not lull, end ore piece of artillery. Phillip Kearney has four pieces o( artillery and fiyc companies of- Inrantry. onc balf g °^ tll ba , ; wid a fcw-mOTntejl men. nte§ of two pieces of artillery* .. moun ted mea— Infantry, *weuty-clght to4oo men; so amounting M the •psggj* **„ ar e lin a you can perceive that tnese v Indians it. of stage. “‘f ",U h |ro“ tSs to between four and five thousand. . rm, AT SS~I9I^ Colonel Fetteinmn, Captain s^ L o"^br^dt«,rwb, o ch dc b r » d d mndcd^he^in^ant^nedtra^nt^^mi^^ the cavalry, numbering twenty -sevcameti, and Cantaln Brown some mounted team* sg: S d Twu w h ,th 8 p»' rt £MSS.“"TK oUlcers instead of obeying orders, allowed tlremHlves 10 be docojodfeomtbipMmoo they bad been ordered to tube, and con aeqncntly le« into en nmbuah and were oil cruelly murdered. The writer, wno la on only at Fort Kearney, was ordered by Colonel Carrington to proceeJ to a point avo miles off, and ascertain If tbo wood train wo. safe and ‘ hoa ‘^J? 1 «“!f command. Affcr proceeding about tbrec miles bo found the train safe, and then at* tcmixcd to join Colonel Fottcrtnan, It being Impossible he Immediately sent to furl for reinforcements. Forty men, nnili.r a captain, were sent out, and we. reached the sccnoof action just In time to witness the murder oftho last victim. The poor fcllowa ; who hod thus been wantonly murdered were • fuuml piled up In a heap, .About fifty oftho bodlca were brought into the fort. THE AE9IBIAK MISSIOS. Kclivocn fjpcnt.Pl - Sew.nl end IHlntalcr lUollej - . Tlio following 1, the correspondence be tween SecreUry Seward nud .Minister Mul; ly, United atatesMinister at Vienna, remlire to the reported resignation of the latter: MU. BKWAHU TO MU ftoTtKT. DtrsirrMßNyovaTATs. I tVAMUKiiios. November it, I9wb j Pm: A c'lUeu o! the fulled Slates lus nddmiii cd* letter to Hie rruldnu'iroia Paris, lo wfilcti he rcprsicu's bo bad travelled cxtenilvvlr In buionc dtiilng the pa*t *n lb» course of wiitco he Lad oreasloii lo boo Bomelhlag oi onr Miblitrra pcd Cuusiite in various countrtr* : that mosiofthißc whom no wot were bluett) boatlte to tb« Itendoni ami bU AdwlnlslriUon. slid ex* I'tckicd ibst liOKllliiy In so open a manner as to sstM.isb Amertcsaa acd leave a very bad imprea* ston on Koropuans. He adds that yoo do not pre* P-iidto conceal"yourdlsuuiu" as be aays yon stile It, attbr Prealdenv'a whole coodnet; that •yuu deepUe Anwilcau Dewociacy and loudly pro* claim that an Ihigilsb gemlemun is tbo model of bumxD perfection : (bat the n-cstdeul has deserted Ids pledges aid prim Iplct, In common wkli fir. Mv»src. who, you soy, ts •• bopclcasly degraded.' Vunrac&taior cobricauon oi the tmiU oi these repott« is requested. 1 am. sir. your obedient remix., isigi.edl Wtt.i.un U. Sewann. iu J, i omnor woiun, esq. Mil. MUTLEY TO MU. SEIVAUD. I.luation or Tim United States, I Vienna, December li. msi. j Hon. W. n. Seward, secretary of State: Sir : An hour or two ago I received a let ter from you, dated .November 21, 1800, to which X hasten to reply. Vou intorm me that a citizen of the United States has ad dressed u letter to the President from Paris, elating that in the course of .the last year “ho had occasion to sec something of our Ministers and Consuls in various countries ; that most cf those whom he met were bit* terlj hostile to the President aud the Admin istration, aud expressed that hostility in so open a manner as to astonish Americans, and to leave a very bad Impression on Europe* acs.” With the opening paragraph, relating generally to United Slates Ministers anil Consuls abroad, 1 have nothing especial to do. Other gentlemen arc fully competent to answer for themselves. Tou proceed to any, he adds that you do not pretend to con* coal ‘your disgust/ os be says you style it,at the President's whole conduct; that you despise American Democracy, and loudly proclaim that an English gentleman la the model of human perfection ; that the President has deserted the pledges and principles in common with Mr. Reward, who, you say, la * hopelessly degraded.’ ” You conclude by requesting me to deny or con* llrm the truth of these reports. My first ini* pulse on receiving the letter was to content myself with a Hat denial of their truth. On a Utile further reflection, however, Ido not wish that there should be doubt as to my political sentiments asarepreseutative of the foreign politics of'the Government. I have i done my best faithfully to discharge my duties in strict conformity with my Instruc tions. In the conflict of opinions in regard to home questions, especially tout of Recon* structiun, my views have never been asked for by the United States Government, and I should have considered it unbecoming and superfluous to volunteer a public declaration oi them, us certainly should I have deemed it my duty to express them frankly when ever they were officially demanded. I do not undeistand that lam even now directly questioned on the subject, but alter reading y«»ur Idler, I owe it to myself to shy a lew words. 1 have always believed U necessary that stteng gmitnnlCes should be taken against a recurrence of the rebellion and the establish ment of some form of slavery before the sc; ■ ceded Stales should be readmitted lo repre sentation m Uungic&s. Latterly lam inclined to ti.o opinion that tbc noblost und tbc cilcet course would be by an .amendment of the CousiituTlon prohibiting the distinction of race or color in regard to the attainment of the franchise, together with u general amnes ty be proclaimed by tbc President. These opinions, lu the privacy of my own house hold ana to an occasional American visitor, 1 have not concealed. The great question now presenting Ilf elf for solution demands u conscientious scrutinizing by every Ameri can who loves bis connltyand believes In the human progress of which that country Is one oftbe foremost representatives. I have never thought during my residence at Vien na Hint because 1 have the honor of being public servant of the American people, 1 am deprived of the right ol discussing nilluo my own walls the gravest subject that van Interest freemen. A Minis'er of tbc United States Is as deeply Interested as oth ers in all thul t fleets the welfare of hi* coun tiy. lit conversation with such of my col leagues or members of the Government hrro as were interested in our politics, I have uni formly stated that the conflict of opinions now prevailing in the United States was in evitable in u-free country. That such dis cussion was the very evidence of our free dom and of our capacity to govern our selves. That to silence discussion belong* to despots and not to a Republican Gov ernment like ours, and that 1 had entire luilh that tile American pdopte would settle all ulspulcdqmistlooswlth justice. Iho veal- WA* sheen caullous,however,ln encli consider ations, to avoid any expressions ofdisrespect toward the President or his Cabinci. 1 have uniformly elated tlmt In our own country the people was not only theoretically but practically sovereign, and that when great political questions were to be solved appeal was made to the ballot box. I have steadily expressed the opinion tlmt the President und Coi srcsa would be reconciled after tbc peo ple should liavo pronounced Us solemn ver dict, and 1 have added Hint all parties in the United states, osl believed, honestly desired aud required the re-estutdishment of tbc Union, however they might differs* to Urn wisest means ol securing it- This is the way in which i have been hi Die habit of speak ti g officially or sembolfichilty. and this Is tn> reply to the charge* cob Urned lu your letter, so far its they regard lu any way the WrsUhtd oi tins Uldlvd Kittles. That I “dc«pl»cd American Democracy, nod loudly piochtlin that nu English gentle, limn )• thu model orbuimm perlMbm." U to pUliul a labrlcnlloi) that I blush white I (imonnc" It, Any mm personally acquainted with tm*. or who ha* taken the trouble to ic»d my writings, whulher oiilcUl or his. toncal, knows that a mom fervent ImJUivur In American Democracy than t am, docs not cxl*t In the world. My expression* of ruv. erenco for the American pconhi during these jew heroic year* have erred, If at all, on the tldu of entuuilnau), and have often seemed to the sceptical somewhat extravagant. I scorn to o well longer on tbo contemptible charge. That I have called Mr. Seward “ hopeless, ly degraded,” Is a wild calumny, nud It wounds me deeply that you could listen fur a nu'tmnl to snch a lalechocd. In conclu sion, I have only to add, that I beg herewith to n-»lgn my poet os United States Minister at Vienna. I am, sir, your obedient servant, (Signed) J. Lofunoi* Motley THE USITED STATES COCBTS. Copy of Uio Act rcssed by the Senate* Thefollowlnfir Ss a copy of the act relative to United"Slate* Court* which parsed the retail! Monday Inst, and now pop* back to I he House lOr cOdciutclcc in a verbal amend* -meat: tEcrjox 1. That the several Courts of the United States, aud the several Justices and Judges of such Courts, within their respect ive jurisdiction, in addition to the authority a<rcady conferred bv law, shall have power to grant -writs of hcs«« corpus in all cases where any person may be restrained of his or her liberty in violation of the Constitution c r of any treaty or law of the United Stales, aud It shall be lawful ter such person so retrained of his or her liberty to apply to cither of said Judges or JostKes for a writ of habeas corpns ; which application shall be in writing, and verified by affidavit, and shall set forth the facts concerning the de tention of said patty applying. In whose cus tody he or she is detained, and by virtue of what claim or authority, if known ; and the said Justice or Judge to whom such appli cation shall bo made shall forthwith award a writ of habeas corpus, unless it shall appear from the petition itself that the party is not deprived ot his or her liberty In contravention of the Constitution or laws of the United States. Said writ shall be di rected to the person In whose custody the party Is detained, who shall make return of said writ and bring the party before the Judge who granted the writ and certify the true cansd'of the detention of such person within tb»e<* days thereafter, unless such per son he detained beyond the distance of twenty miles; and if beyond the distance of twenty mQes and not above 100 miles, then within ten days; and if beyond tbe distance of 100 miles, then within twenty days; and upon tbe writ of habeas corpus a day shall be set for tbe hearing of tbe case, not exceeding live days thereafter, unless the party peti tioning shall request a longer time. The petitioner may deny any oi the materia! facts set forth In the return, or may allege any fact to show that the detention is in contravention of the Const I luticn or laws of the United Slates, which allegations or doubts shall be made on oath. The said return may bo amended by leave efthe court or Judge before or after the same is filed, as also may oil suggestions made against it, that thcrcbv the material facts may be ascertained. The said Court or Judge shall proceed lu a summary way to drtcrmlnc the tacts of the case byhcarlug testimony and the arguments of the persons interested, and if it shall appear that the }K.-lillouer is deprived of bis or herllbcrtv in contravention of the Constitution or laws ot the United States, here she shall forthwith be dlrchflißed i»4 «ctmcbMrlt It pcnon or pciMMi to wnom en l 0 & fa ,retj>u.in.rl)e dttoclea or ~ obey the ° n ? h ,h»ll Soke n Man icfuse to make return, or s reme rcturn thereto to additioo t , dies already given by the • Uty 0 f a i shall he dccraeo and taken U» o ° n^ bc . misdemeanor, and shn . i ur j 3( si c tlon, bo pratallon of the care. interior to cW %?‘A J rnfrt a? appeal ma* be taken tt‘o Cirofl Conrt, an apge aut ca lor lo Iho Clrcnlt “ u '‘ e u heart, and C|rcu , t Coartto from Iherjudgmcnhoi re Unlted states, on the Supreme Coart oi sue Rations and SU n^a“w?U fcr t“e ciatody aod .pMar ,,rltSfflao T.cSSng sild cause mayprel ; pending anch proceedings or ap -Bcr » e i«^ D r.nttl final judgment bc rendered \ c-, ’;in . d w,f«(ter nnal jndgmentrol discharge ! he ;t„ V.me and proceeffloga against aneh ncreon en'ancged to o*o rcstxmncd*of Wa or S Tncrty la any State or Conrt, or by or nnder thc y authority of any State, for any matter or thing ao heard ana determined, or of nclng heard and determined unh and by Statue of auch writ of haim. shull be deemed null and void. SSre’ff That» Anal Judgment or decree In on“y tuitln the highest Court of a Slate In winch a decision m the suit coaid he had, where Is drawn In question the validity Of a treaty or statute Of, of an authority cxcrcUcd under ; the United Slates, and the decision Is against 1 their validity* or where la drawn In question the validity of a statute of, or ad authority exercised under, any State on the ground of their rbclng repugnant to tbo Constitution, 1 treaties or laps of the United States, and the ; decision Is against the title, right, privilege 1 or immunity specially act up or claimed by cither party under euch Constitution, treaty, statute, commission or authority, may bo examined and reversed, or affirmed, In the Supreme Court oftho United States upon a r writ of error, the citation being signed by tbo Chief Jut-lice or Judge Chancellor ol Uo Conrt rendering or Issuing the judg* * mi nt or decree complained of by a : Justice of the Supremo Court of tbo u United States In Urn same planner urn) under tlio sumo regulations. Ami tbu writ shall have the same clfcot as If tno Judgment or decree complained of had been i* rendered nr passed In Account of the United ii states, and ino proceedings upon the rover a, sable shall also be tbo vatne. except that tlio , Supietiio Court may, at ihclr discretion, t proceed to u final dceiMon of the same, and e award execution or command the same a* :• ,on Inferior Court. This act shall not apply o to tho rose of any person wboUoriniy bo > * held In the custody ol the military author!- £ tics of the United Slates, charged with any fi military olfcnce, or with having aided or £ abetted the rebellion ognlusltLcUoveromcnt X of tbu United States, prior to the po&oigu of d this act. OBITUARY, Death of the Earl of Exeter. I From the New York Herald. January ■£».! The Euglibh papers of the 15lh and HUh Instant announce the death of the Right Hon. Browifiow Cecil, Marquis and Earl of Exeter, und Baron Burgbley, County Northampton, at Burgbley House, near Stamford The do ceased nobleman was the direct descendant mid representative of William Cecil, Lord Buigbley. the famous Prime Minister of Queen Elizabeth, and was the second Marquis and elevcntmEarl of Exeter. He was born on the Sd cf July, 171 W. and in consequence of tbc death of his father In May, ISOJ, be, being tbc legal heir to the titles and estates, succeeded to both bclore he bad attaiued his ninth year. He was educated at St. John's College, Cambridge, and graduated, there as M. A., in 1814, and as LL.D. In 1835. On the 12th of Mav, 1824, he married Isabella, daughter of William Stephen Poyntz, of Cowdray House, Sussex, who survives him. and by whom he had several children, the eldest of whom, William Allcync, Lord 'Burchley. Conservative member of Parlia ment for North Northamptonshire, succeeds to the titles and honors of the family. As a public character the late 'Marquis was known os a firm and consistent sup porter of conservatism. Descended Rom one of the haughtiest and most aristocratic CmtlUcs of £ugland,-he retained all of that pride of birth which distinguishes the Eng lish nobility, and opposed with all bis ability the demands of the lower classes for a greater share sn the Govern ment of the British Empire. From 1841 to lS4Chehcld the positiuq of Groom of tiic Stole to Prince Albert, aud during Lord Derby’s administration in 1552, was ap golnicd to the important office of Lord bambcrlain of the Queen’s Household. Upon the return of Lord Derby to office in IcJS he was again appointed to the same position, which be held until the second re tirement of the present Premier of Great Britain, when be again retired into private life. In addition to these offices his Lord ship was Hereditary Grand Almoner, and was Lord Lieutenant of the counties of Rut land and Northampton for many years. He was also the senior Knight of the Garter, having been decorated with that famous or der In 1827. Outside of bis political carccrtbc late Mar quis was known, with admiration to the sporting world of England, as one of the moat enthusiastic sportsmen of bU age. In 1810 bo commenced his career as a member oftbe turf, he having won a plate at Stam ford duriug that year, and for the post forty years hie horses have takcu part in all of tbo great races In England. He was at one time owner of the largest stock of race-horses in the kingdom, and won many Important races. In his private life be is said to have been a most courtly and finished gentleman, of high literary attainments. There is a ro mance in real life connected with bis mother which it wonld not be out of place to mention here. It is known In poetry as “The Lady of Bur leigh,’’and is briefly tills: His father being distrustful of tbc circle In which he moved, retired into tbc country for the purpose of seeking a bride, who would not be tempted lo marry him for the sake of his titles, but fiom pure afleciion. To farther his ends, be laid aside other designations than that of “Cecil,” and retired'to a village in Shrop shire, where he wooed and won the beautiful daughter of Mr. Thomas Higgins, of Bolus, his liost. The astonishment of her ladyship ou learning of the rank of her husband Is prettily alluded to by Tom Moore in one of hlsTrlsh poems. At tbc time of his death, the ? atc Marquis had nearly reached the ripe nee ol seventy-two, and with Ills departure, the present ministry of Earl Derby loses one of Us firmest supporters. A UlCllltiAa HORROR. A Drunken Sister in Search of a mur- dered Brother* [From tbo Detroit Free Press, January 19.) Lust evening, a woman named Catharine Martin was incarcerated in ono of the colls of Iho police station, Ibr unseemly conduct, bhc had with her two bright, beautiful chil dren, a boy nud a girl, whoso ruddy, beam* lug faces were a reflex of a heller home ami mure comrurlablu quarters thou the cold p.niiks ofo police station. But a sketch of her history and circumstances Is Interesting. About lour months ago the citizens of fit. Joseph County were startled by the porno* tralloii of n hideous murder, the details of which showed such a Ucuulsh regard fur wickedness, that they were absolutely sick* cuing In their relation. The man, Joseph Kilim, who uns the victim, was taken from Uls bed, brutally butchered, his tongue torn horn Us roots, fits entrails ripped out and cast to the swlim, nml, cvotutlUr death, hit hands ki ockcd oil Irotti his body and thrown to the dogs, Ho horrible weru the circum* sinners ol ihe ntliilr. Unit our correspondent sk'kini'd over their relation, and absolutely refused to give them in full. They wore, however, so well shadowed forth that tlm nubile could not lave been more satuiled, had iho nauseating details been given with all Its attendant horrprs. The report as given In the Free Presi was extensively copied, mid among the C’auadu Ei received universal prominence, go to ray, Iv reached by some means the ears ofu sUtcr of the murdered man, now living near Quebec, In the lower province Osllurlng up her effects she left home, hus band and friends, to cover up the remains, or perhaps revenge the loss of her murdered brother, and with the children mentioned, came tc» this city, e» route. Here all of the romance ot tbo affair ends, as on the way she got Intoxicated, and on her arrival on this side of the water, bereft of money, friends or influence, was taken to the station-hoase by a policeman. Late among the small hours she ear g herself asleep In a cell, her little children having long before been quietly placed at reef, unmindful, unthinking of their mother’s degradation. She gave her came, as wc hare said, os Catherine Martin, and states that the man Fliun was an only biother. She bos the air of a respectable person, and how she became intoxicated and thus arrested as a vagrant while on her sis terly mission is more than can he imagined. Her husband, she says, owns and works a small farm on the Chateaugnay Elver, and Is, according to her account, a thrifty hus bandman. A QUEER STORY. Three Thousand Dollars In Govern ment Bonds Used for chimney Orna ments— SSOO Sold for One Cent, [From the Now York Tribune.] A peculiar Incident occurred on Tbnrsdav last, whichresulted in therecovery of $3,200 in 7-Sftj, a portion of the contents of a pack age which nad been lost by Messrs. Carter & Tunis, for which they hod offered SSOO re ward. A gentleman, passing down Broad way, observed a small bov carrying in his hand a defaceds3oo 7-30 United States bond. Thinking there was something wrong, he fol lowed him into & broker's office under the East River Bank, where he heard the boy ask the clerk If It was worth anything. He advised the clerk to detain the boy until he could Investigate the mat ter. Repairing to the detective office ot the Joliee headquarters, he notified Captain ohn S. Young. The captain went to tbe broker’s office, got the bond, and Interro gated the lad os to where he had obtained it. He frankly told the captain that a little boy had bought it of another little boy for a penny. Taking the boy with him to headquarters, be then looked over his list of lost and sto len bonds, but could find no trace of tbe bond he held in bis possession. • Looking over the morning papers he found the following advertisement; “Lost, on Monday. January 21, 1807, in going from m Seventh avenue to Twentieth strdrt. and from thence to French Church on Twenty-third street, near Sixth avenue, a package coulainingtwo bank notes on tbe Bowery Savings Bank, Nos. 153,131 and 227,W58, with the following United States securities: Two United States 7-SO’s, 1803, No. 73.805, <500; do, No. 73,5(W, $500; two United States 5-20’s, 18G2. No. $4,039. $100; No. 34,000, 5 20‘s, ISG2, $100; one United States 5-20, 18 (! 3. SLOOO, No. 11.857-; ono do 5*20,1805, $300.” For this a reward had been ottered. Finding himself on the right track. Captain Young detailed D.-leclWe Coyle to look up the remaining missing bonds, in which he was quite sue- —"jM J icesfhl. Through the guidance V rlous small boys connected with thr. ,7' £ tlon, he found Mrs. McGlucc at Lerr. I In Twenty-eighth street. reail «t< I She acknowledged having fonndthi.v, I and several more which had Wcti-* 4 ff around, were banded to the officer 1 said they were so “party” th« sl ' R given one to her son Danny “to V round pictures out of.’* so that no l-C. 1 ,-‘- E> could he found. - "With the remainia* oli 0li ** she had intended ornamenting her < but as there was not enough to cover ti r tire surface she gave up the Idea. WhvS.? - I bonds were first picked np by Mrs \t«ri I she dropped a (100 5 20; a hoy whorieft I nt> the bond ran arierher to return h*!* 4 f she informed him thathecoQUkeeL'ii'*. C ? | bad plenty more of the same kind tv*'* I seeing the advertisement, has since I it to Messrs. Carter & Tunis. It u I that 5-20 s and 7-80 s are used for chim-,.. I naments and children’s'playthings, or caa?" I purchased at a rate of one cent lorVfO i Heßnyaa Steamboat and 93,000 Worth frd of Furniture, Produce* a Bank i 7 J; count, and Passes fora millionaire (From the St. Louis Democrat. Januirr ; j*l A week or two ago we gave a brief a. of the operations of a colored man ■- Henry williams, or Wilson, said to be cS, who bought a steamboat, and was pn rii- B '; a* to make a voyage to the South, in ii L i t ,Vu2 r of Captain Bolls, when the trkk w us d 1.7? |>* ered, and he waa sent oshnre. ‘ '* ** Day before yesterday, this same enterwl*. s, lug speculator, accompanied by ;i c-jlurri r * girl, made his appearance at one of our £? surouco ofilces and desired to take out u r-j! Icy on (3,025 worth oi furniturv. w jj-,.£\* said he had purchased from J. ft. The seedy appearance of the muUttoev->j I the suspicions of the wide-awake ac-n: L requested him to produce his Mu of mp %• The hill was shown, not receipted, hnw tTc .’ £ and contained In the list a double Kba» i glass wardrobe, worth $250; a [};.£ $225; an easy chair, (50: a bedstead, |liv i I piano, (4-S7. All of the furniture w.ia ot I finest and most costly description. * *' The agent questioned his customers* t> I bis past history, and was informed |.r tL* ‘ yellow man that he was the owner «ifu ; ; Tt fine houses In New York, situated mi ihati.* \ meet, near the New Urlcans stcuim r IjN Ing. Having tramped over even- r«.j „f 1 Gotham and Its suburbs for years, uii-1 U it. Ing there was no Gratiot street therr. t?.« agent became aatlsUcd that tlio man «i» n-*t tolling the truth, and asked him in wb*t part of fit. Louis he lived. Thu t that his residence wiw on Fourteenth .m: • .. between I'ino and Olive, hut tin* !;*.?. *£, pened to live In the same ticlghhorh *.d sell, and knew there was no Mich h»u«< as the man described. He nUo ninx., ,t n «•** bunk book of the Keal Estate Savin-’* lu*u. tntlon, hut would nut allow hii accent to be Inspected. The insurance man told the mllllmul.v t„ call the next day, acd when Hie .iti.kv couple left the office, the agent wuu uni to satisfy himself as to Ills owning tt:c fuini tore. Mr. Sluder informed him tlmi tb< man bad actually purchased the furmiurv * but it had not been delivered, and w-nuia cut r bc until the cash was paid down. im a i*» learned that no such man had mmuy uu de- ’’ posit at the Beal Estate hank, by tbu r.:n,. a number of the merchants, who* hud u-n - dealing with the colored man, h-ardng tbut be wanted to get out a policy of called on the agent and assure! him u that the negro was “all right," aj they had seen his bank book, and were fcr satisfied that he was a man ot wealth. The JP ogem. however, euon opened their i-vi-s.aud they hastened to their stores to Instruct their clerks not to let the gcnllcmanef color hove any tfiore goods on credit. We did not learn that any one was victim- t izrd to a large amount by this colored »pcr> W ator,-hut he had made arrangements to ;m , hold of a considerable quantity of good*. The j-ollce should have an eye upon this B* nn*n, and pul a stop to his manoeuvres. He Isa good talker.and appears honest, but h ir cither a great rascal or oul of bis head. THE YACHT HENRIETTA. Correspondence Between Prince Alfred aid J. G. Bennett, Jr. f* Tbc following is a copy of the com\-p.ind. - er.ee between Prince Alfred and the ><»n of . James Gordon Bennett, the snbatai.ee tf which has already appeared in our telegraphic despatchesfiomLondon: ' , kb. smm to ranter out:xd. jS; Orr Cowes, i?*;. ’’“j Torn Rotal Uir.nNEss: At l.o:il LeuoxVeis r. on F» jday you were pl«a>ed to marct r ' w jonr ycchi, the VUiiij*. to tall the* Uviuliria arouiiothe IMcof Wlsbr, next Angast. fora cap ' worth one hundred pduMlrt. J coaid nut fi» #■> -r --thco bccaatc 1 was fionud to have the match prtv 7** posed, but ic fact this arrancement will seme- *?* what Interfere the oUposlUou which I bsi determited (o make of iuy yacht In cate -b* should win the ocean race. I teg that ion will accept, as a New Year's gift to an English titcbis man from an American yachtsman, the lUiutetu 2 as she cow tics m perfect order otr Co-c-s; and I have tustracled Captain Samuels lo held her sub- r* ;ect to your orders. ,4 TPe unbearded hospitality with *vhic~ flic < American jachtmen have bten .received hr a 2 ciaeses m England, will always oi rtmcmlieixl In vhc Coiled Slates with the warmest ctctUadc, ai. I sincerely hope that you will not depri** tae ;.. of the opportnnily of acknowiedciru iht* uo-t cordial leccptlon by presenting the winning yachl **** to the representative of Eighthyachtmea. 1 have the honor to remain, very respectfully, yours, J. t». »sx«un. Ju. rnisct iLvwro to mu. nrsxtrr •.£, Cunrscs Uovse James. January Ji Dunlin.Bennett: IriadlidULcultiooip.-c-e bow gratefully 1 apprtciac the kindly feeling Jf which dictated year letter of the Slat ultimo, u £ ‘well as the splecdid pre-cut which vouotlerio <e my acceptance, but mort of all the delicacy with 1 1- which you see* to diminish the pcisocai ohli;*v . tioa under which jott would Uy »e, by to V your generous o£er an iatcrnatiosal cba-acl r. It L, tr-decd, thl» hutcousidcradoa only which hu led me to hesitate In replying to your letter: for, 7 persouaily, it would bara bren im po-nblc «or me to accept so costly « pre-ent. But I fell bound fully to consider the que-tlua in the Uaht in whies yon were coon ctiOiigb to plice tt: acd, if on lull * ccuridernuoo I feel comptlled to (let-ho<‘ vucr £ gti cron? oner. 1 trust that neither you nor mnr f f pliant corci'Clitors. nor year countrynm s urge, will believe that >be yachtsmen of ’Fm;larid less appreciate or less Mclprocate the fociiuc ol « guodltflowsbip which prompted the odor. j- Tlic tiemitila i* a vessel which any nan bit ba prouu to possess, and 1 trust may In the bands in which she has accomplM.od -o triumphant a ?neces«. We must do our l»**t tn £na a rival to her: and hi common .»•i:h all fi-ciishmeu l.siucerety hope that such f-iind;> rivalry may be Ihe only dorcriylion of ronr wh'.cb our respective conn riea mav eve: be cu gflgfd. it has given as great plcaanrj to otl-r a , coidlai rcccpllo’i to you and r«ur comrade- ts ; Koelatd, Qtd 1 fell assured that if mv i>r(i,V-.«l.na! duties In command of one oi her ai3,ie-t«’.- -hin? should ever take mo to yoar sbuio-. I ptiuuld ... there meet on the part ofmy brother pe.mea. with a reception t.ot less Ltanytuan that vhir\ we have been happy to aitotd yon here. Heb 'tf me, yours, sincerely. Aurara. Arrest of tlic Leader of (ho Lord Bund llobbery* (Albas? Despatch (January 23> to the New York Tritmoe-] John flood, alias Stewi rl, alias W.iUln>n, the reputed chief of the yang who i'>*w tulttcd Hit* Lord bund robbery, lour iiK*ntiis ago, was arrested at 4f£ (/clock Uii.-nifUr noon, In tlio bar-room of the Dcluvnn lb»nsc, by Detective Elder, of your city, Quisled by Min. Asbmuu. of the same place. While Elder uud Aelimun were conversing at ••m* cud ul the roim, Hand entered In company with a gambler of this city, named Pnlb'ii. Detective Elder recognized him Immediate dlatcly,nmj sold, “flow arc yoiil M at Hi? same lime extending his hand. Itnud would nut acknowledge ilia acquittance. but nevertheless ashed Elder to drink, and met with n refusal, flund then |ml tils hand in a side pocket and drew out n pnekugcof note*, ntid as he handed them to Dalton, HMcr giabhcd one arm ami Ashmuti ttu* ♦tlhcr. Itnml disengaged httii*ulf ftma Elder, nnd was going to show light, hut the latter drew n pistol, which s>*»m r|tilolr«l the Would.bo belligerent. Nollii'ig wits found on Kami hut the which amounted to <Hl,ouO, most of ahleh money Is (ho propert)'of Dalton, and dm implements to improvlsa it faro tnblr, II" hml m> Irnggngo. Ho said he come ffma Hprlngllcld, hutit U known b«c«m» ov<r lh«« Ceiilml Uuud ftoin Elmyrn. Wo Hymen*". Ib* and Dolton were undoubtedly <m it g-imidiiig exuuMon, and would have left fur “Her parti bi soon os they Imd eaton dinner. H md made m> acknowledgments. and submitted quietly to being lejuched, Ho Is a tali, i**»»* erfhlly.bulU man. with all the appearance oi the traditional Mississippi gambler. Deter* live Elder avert he was here on other bad ness, and that the appearance of Iliad was a surprise ; but It Is reported the detectives were Informed of liana's contemplated visit here, and bad Elder'on the truck. It Is ul*> reported that ono of tbo bond*, of the de nomination 0f55,000, was offered here last week. It is certain, however, Rand ate his supner at the Delav&n House, ten da vs ago, and departed Immediately alter. Ilic pris oner goes to Kew York to-night. A miracle. [Monfiical S3) of the New York Times.] A document has been published by au thority of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Quebec, giving at great length the particu lars of a miraculous cure effected lost New Year’s Day by the Immaculate Virgin Mary, and the authenticity of -which is certified by Dr. Lacbaine,a graduate of the Lave! Univer sity, The scene of the miracle is the Jesus Mary Convent, at Point Lev!, opposite Que bec. In November, ISO 3, a non of that in stitution, Sister bury F. Thomas, alter an attack of pleurisy, went into a consumptive decline. Last May, hemorrhage of the lungs commenced. In the month of December sac Lad to take to her Led, being unable to dress herself. The symptoms became worse, and her confessor began to administer the 'last consolations of religion. At this stage the Superior of the convent .told her to pray for a cure. She did so, addressing herself to the Immacu late Mary. The other nuns did the same, and all were inspired with a firm faith that New Year’s Dav would witness a cure. On the Slst of December candles were kept burning all day before the imago of Mary. At six o’clock on New Year’s morning she arose after a refreshing sleep perfectly cured. When the Doctor came she opened the door to him, and he. on seeing ter, was thunder struck and believed he was dreaming. lie now certifies that on the Slst of December, she was in the last stage of pulmonary con sumption, and that on tne Ist day of January she was instantly cured, aud that the core is a miracle. The Fj o'ductlrc power of Manufac turing, The following table may show the relative productive power of the manufacturing in terests of the cities named. Au exhibitor this character, showing the different results, according to locality, in the same branch of manufacturing Industry, would be of immense practical importance. The figures refer to the aggregate manufacturing operatives of each city, with the total gross caruiugs of tbe operatives, and the average of each: ~ ® Earnings • - No. of Gross of each Operatives. Earning*. Philadelphia... .1H.66J liaviU.TTT «1,3« f New York -502 M tSIU'JVI 9 * Newark IS.BM 22,0-17.-5 UJ 1,4-U-f Pattcraoa 4.703 B.*S3£OT I.M 85 Pittsburgh B.SJT7 111,9ud.Gl Beading. 2JK6 3,133,137 Boston uStf saiwjn? Ls'-fj* Lowcu ..isJSs i3.232,i3q Ctcrtoi.au .22.601 *y£A«s t.-‘t.OT St.Lonla MBS 25.175-743 f.3*.'* c&nd.:::;::|3? WM till uStink™:::;: va! $>>«•!»