Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, February 5, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated February 5, 1867 Page 2
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(El)icaga tribune. DAItT, TEI-TTEEEIT ASDWEEKLI. eypliiß, Ko. 61 CWRK-ST. Thwe art mrae e noons or OieTaiOTirm wsmA. **• \en moramr,fW circulation by earner*. newsmen •no .JSSSrsa. me T*T-'Wr*rt.T, *<**>7*™** srsdava •»* Frtdaji, tor the mall* only, ,•****! Wa*DT,oaThtu»d»Ta,C3rtae tnalll sad Mleatow i ouster and by newsmen. Tems «fthe Chicaso Tribune: DjUrMirp-io 0.. (p» Pally, to mail subscribers (per annum, psja- Weetbr, (otf azmuou nayab c In advaaoe) **oo tr Practioeatparti ot the year at tbs saaw rales, remlWnx snd ordeno* fire or more eorles of either the Tri-Weekly or Weekly editions, iosy retain tea per oest of Che subscription price as a commtwJon. " Hones to scsecaans.—to ordering the addreu oi yoor papers chan**C,w prevent delay, he sure and spediy vrbat edltton yon take—'ti eekly, Trt-Weekly, or Daily. Also, slTtyoarraxskxxandfatnre address VW Money, by Draft, Kxpms, Honey orders, or la BsttitcredLetaen,ißaybeM3itatonrxUk. Address, TRIBUNE CO*. Cblcwo. 111. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 5, ISG7. | THE fTODK OFRKCONSI RUCTION. ’Less than one month of the constitutional term o! the present Congress now remains. On the 4th of March It will locally expire, and according to present Indications, it will plre np the ghost so the great relief and satisfaction of'ihc country. When It met In December last, Its members came fresh from an earnest and protracted consultation with the people who, hy majorities wholly nnpre* cedcntcd, Instructed Congress to proceed di rectly to the reorganization of the rebel Stale# on a plan, as far as possible, opposed to that of Andrew Johnson. That duty was as plainly defined, and as directly command ed hy the popular will, as was ever any duly enjoined by constituents upon their repre sentatives. "Whsl has Congress done In this matter? Itav tt made one single step toward a practical execution of the popular man date, and toward (ho practical execution of n duly required by every considera tion of National safety aud protection? Instead of disposing of this matter In the fltsiweak ofitteaesslmt \ Wlead of iuivltt* loyal (lovemmenta now In operation In the rebel Plate*, and the Johnson mgsnlxatlmia deposed am) scattered, Congressmen Intro been busy devising a tariff scheme, which, tor the eJmunlty oDlsoppretsloii ami fbr Iho sweeping disregard of the right* of the pen* pic, ha* never been paralleled In tho history of (Ms or any other civilised country. Them )ma been considerable Muster and loud talk. bill about an Impeachment of Andrew .lohn. son, but In the lljibl of the tariff swindle, that scheme la rapidly brcimd»«, In pnbllo lillioslbm, a mere thecal lo Al«hlcn Urn I'rcsldmt from retobiK tho act. Comrreaa has been cit loslndy Intonl upon nmlnrlntf u Khcnif to plunder tbn lUrmeit and produo* b'K Snlercsla oflho country, to enrich and pninpor on .fliUlournry of spucidnlors. Kverylhlnu bus been rocrlflccdlo this scheme of robbery, UcemulruoUnti, HulTraitc, the >nlbmnl nuances, all have been made sub* rrrvtoiit to this one thlnif^totldslmposition rfa seventy per cent tux upon tho producing rlatrrs oflhc (OUUliv for thu huflulU of the jniioopolUts. The cowardice which MwbercmUn all men ib h'i: a wr»m: act has held Congress spoil* niid. It dare not reorgunUo the rebel Metis ; It dare not lay liwnU upon Mnnroo and his mmdcroua associates In New Or*, leniis; It dure nut proclaim auffrajjo to the fu-o and h»vul men of the rebel States; It ,!tur nut do i nylhlng that Is right lu Itself, nr undo any wrong of the President, and v by? It was neccsfrary to secure the tariff pf sevonly per cent; It was necessary to levy a new and onerous tax upon the plow of the farmer, and ttic clothingof hisfamily, for which his wheat and com arc exchanged. Tie people hate cowardice, whether It bo the prudence and cautiousness of the pick, pocket, or the tlraorousness of the man who shrinks from daty. Andrew Johnson l« I so coward. The weakness of Congress , * has had no other effect upon him than to ex cite hU contempt. They hare refused to ex ccutc the popular will by proclaiming uni versal suffrage in the rebel Stales. He la not afraid of It. They have sacrificed duty to the Interest of an unscrupulous lobby; and now the country may look forward at any moment to the inauguration of negro suf frage by Andrew Johnson himself. It has been intimated more than once of late by h!s newspaper organs that he was about to propose a “qualified suffrage” which would be satisfactory to the country. Con gress has not done even this, and according to all appearances will not. If Andrew Johnson shall not give the substance of what the people hare unavallngly demanded at the hands of their representatives, let Con gress look lo it that they arc not flauked by the Executive, and driven from the popular camp. There Is no more demoralizing policy than for on army. In the face of the enemy, lo re lax discipline and devote their energies to pillage. Had Congress gone directly to Its duty and driven the tariff lobby out of Washington, instead of surrendering to them, the country would, before this Uroc, have had the satisfaction of seeing the; rebe. | states governed by loyal men, with the ballot secured to every freeman. But plunder has delayed them *, Andrew Johnson may at any time time take the country with him by preclaiming the boon of universal suffrage, and by vetoing the very tariff to sccnrc which Congress has sacrificed all else. _ • THE tATB 15SUK Tbe recent apt*allioglndlanmassacres that have occurred beyond the Mississippi, Rive to the documents communicated by Secreta ry Stanton, a Terr days fine**, to the House of an Immediate interest they would not otherwise possess. These docu ments consist of the plan of Colonel B. S. Parker, ol General Grant’s staff, for theca tahlij-hment of a permanent and perpetual peace, and of ft letter from General Pope, wherein be sets forth the reasons which have led him to believe that the Indian Bureau should at once be transferred from the Inte rior Department to the -War Department Such a transfer. In fact, constitutes tbe first propositlonln Colonel Parker's plan; and It mort be apparent to all who investigate the question impartially, that it Is a step loudly demanded both as a measure of economy and of humanity. It is Impossible to hoye a gen uine or permanent peace with the Indians, under tbe present system of administration —a system so fatally defective and so loaded down with positive evils, that continuous and expensive frontier wars are Us natural end inevitable result. Colonel Parker points out the origin oflbesc wars, and traces them to the wanton violation of treaties on the part of adventurous miners and other pio neers, who assume that the Indians have no rights, the total inability of the civil agents to protect the Indians if they had the dispo sition to do so. nod the dishonesty of agents nnd traders, who consider the Indians and the Government alike the legitimate objects of rapacious plunder and robbery. Colonel Parker proposes the total abolishment of the system oflmllan traders. He would make the Government tbe purchaser ofnll articles usually brought In by the Indians, giving them a Inlr equivalent for the same in money nnd goods ; he would, in fact, have the Gov ernment lake the place of the trader. Of n>mMi tin; results of such a change I uoiild stilt depend upon the bon <fly ami intelligence of Ibo units ot the Government* Colonel Parker is of npiiilon that if the mntngpinenl of this trad* lug rhoiilil he placed In the hands of the mil* Hnry branch, the honor and responsibility of llie otlireia would I* a guarantee of a faith ful and hctM'st administration. G. rural Pop*’p"lnl* out another tmtlve. perhaps quit'* as powerful, that would favor so hmu st s)stcm of dealing. Ho truly oh reives 1 luil the first and great Interest of the armv oincer is to preserve peace vrlthib- Indiana. “Hlsbcimi during hU IlleU to he ~t oi.me mllltsrv post In the Indian country, mu’ aside from the obligation* «f duly, W* (.<* u comfort and quiet, and tbe poialblllty i.l t acapiug arduous and harrawlug field ser vice ugslnrt Indians at all seasons of the ~„r. sccrimpanled by frequent changes of nation, which render It impossible to have l,i ß iMiuiij with him, render a state of peace with Indians the most desirable ofall things to him. He therefore omits no proper precautions, and does not tali to use all proper means by >ust treatment, honest distribution of annuities, and fair dealing, to secure quiet and friendly relations with the Indian tribes In bis neighborhood.” A military officer, convicted of dishonest practices would not only be dismissed the service, but he would 1 be publicly branded by his own profession, 1 nod would be powerless to attribute his dis- j crace to any other than the real eau«C: The Indian Agent appointed from civil life has | vm such restraints about him. He Is ap pointed only lorn limited time, >ndl And. it Lgy when lie accomplished hla end, the*rapid acquisition of money, to account for Uii removal on politic crounds. The salary of an Indian Agent la small and no toriously inadequate to constitute a motive for aocepltee tbe place. Tet these place, arc very eagerly sought alter by men of ability. This that of Itself furnishes prima fade evidence of corrupt motives. Certainly if fortunes are acquired by Indian Agents, they arc acaulrcd by fraud and dishonesty either against the Indiana or the Government —probably against both. But while a transfer of the Indian Bureau to the War Department would doubtless work a great reform, U Is, of Iteeli, quite In adequate to prevent such fearful or.tbreaks of hostility os have recently been witnessed ou the Plains. \Ve entirely concur with Colonel Barker that Congress should bv law eacrcdlv set aside a Territory or Territories, sufficient for all the Indians of the country ttjjl the metes and bounds of such Ter- r'*orics *13003*1 he diallrctly defined. And Ibis 1-V once passed should stand as the fixed sod certain pollcv of tho Government, and Jit provisions should be cuforccd against any one and every one who should seek to violate them. It la believed by those military officers who ore most, conversant with the Indian character - and* habits, that if once satisfied of the good tilth of the Government In each & proposition, most orthem would readily, acquiesce. If they should find in the Government a cer tain protection and friendship in peace, as well as an avenging-scourge in war, they would, It-is believed, yield a genuine ob servance of their, own treaty stipulations. Such a system would be much less expensive than tho ope nowpprSdei; far no warfare is so expensive as that on the Western Plains, It has been estimated that In our recent In* , dlan wars it has cost the Government sixty thousand dollars/or every Indian killed, and the killing of the Indian, has done no good. Good faith and peace would certainly be more economical than bad faith and war. Colonel Parker also proposes-the appoint ment of a permanent Indian Commission, to consist In part of the most reputable and IntclUgcntlndlans, to visit the various tribes and point out to in friendly Intercourse, the benefits that would to* suit to them from yielding to the civilization against whose advancing lido they have so long struggled In vain. He also proposes to invest military officers with cer tain magisterial powers. The whole subject is deeply interesting at any time, and Just now derives a tragic Interest from the scenes ofbulchcry on the frontiers. It to evident that the Government must either take speedy steps to mend Us Indian policy, or that the revolting theory of total extermina tion will be attempted to be carried out. It to very questionable whether the pulley of extermination cap he carried out—whether the Government actually bos the power to put Ms hand on these tribes rooming over a trackless waste* But ITU Could he done U would only bo after thousands orottr soldiers and thousands ofour defenceless pioneers had fallen victims to the savage despair of au expiring race. kKNdTOH IfItOUMH NPltltllß. We ask n cnriful perusal of the brief speech of Pettalor llrrmn, of Missouri, tipmt Mm Tailir HlM.which wo publish lids morning. it describes the proposed hilt as Ibft Incipient ro* rslaldlihment of slavery In the United Slates, One of lliti Imulusiciilnl principles of Jus. (Ice, tijxui which the people ortho North op* pttsud Alihan slavviy was, that It doitlnd lo lour millions of |km>p!o the right of teeidvlng I|,o pimluetsoflhelrowi) labor, which wore paid over lo pamper the hoi tdood ami arro. .junl temper ol lnai than three humbl'd and nny thousand whiles, To gratify the per. sniial and sectional prldo of ibis handful of nabobs, ihur millions ol other people totted In Ilia heats am), frost* of tho year, nnilwi-rn IHomlly Itiu slurus «r tho others. i'unuH'io, the KxccntWn o'ut Uio dudlcUry ii|i|kM Hits monstrous system, unlit lliu weight of lu enormities mid crime* hurled U and Its supporters In one common ruin. Hlavcry hao many forma. Tliuro U none more uniting ami oppressive limn Hint which wlccls ft c)n»s ol the community for Us vie lima, mid lakes of their substance lo «Wo lu miollinr class. Thin Is practical slavery, though Urn Inn mny call Iv t>y another name—that system which degrades Uio many to tho condition of moro hewers of wood and drawers of water. There Is a process known In Mexico us n •‘forced loan,*' whereby Urn dictator or usurper Issue* a demo, that Uio people of ct rtftiu districts, or that certain classas, such at the tanners, the merchants, tho bankers, the clcrvy or the miners, shall psy to him a stipulated sum of money, under pain ofhav- Jug It tukcu from tlicm by force. Of course, be tell* tbcm It la done for their own good. But even lu this system of taxation, which the world styles robbery, the robber thco retlcally tabes the money for the use of the Government. Even Mexican morality would be shocked If the Dictator should de cree that the merchants should pay to the miners, or the farmers to the bankers, a tax equal to seventy per cent upon the real value of all articles they might purchase for their own use. That would bo a despotism to which even Mexican debasement would never submit. The Constitution of the United States in giving to Congress the power of taxation, required that it should be nulform. ‘When taxation la for revenue, and applies to all alike, there will nbver be complaint; but when taxation is not forrerenue, but h fram ed to diminish revenue from Imports, and to secure bounties to a privileged class, the whole spirit of the Constitution Is violated, and the tax becomes, ss Scnatorßrown prop erly observes, “statutory thett and pillage.** Its effect is to bind the many In servitude to the few. . , The farmers'of Illinois may feel the hard ship and severity of a law which compels I them to pay a certain per centage of their earnings to the support of the Government-, j hut as long as that Us Is necessary to up hold and maintain the Union and the public 1 credit, it will be p*M promptly and cheer fully. But when the fanner or laborer who purchases a plow, or a keg of nails, or ft pane ol bUfp, or a yard of doth, or a cookine fat ui3 tiitcbcn, or crockery for his table, Is told that he must pay down In cosh, upon the purchase ol cither of these, a tax equal to seventy per cent ot Its value, we question whether the exaction of this tax will he considered any lc3« than a new form of slavery, when he Is told that not a penny ofit goes to the Government, bulls collected of the thirty millions of consumers to be paid over as a bouiity to the noble lords on the other side of the Allcghanles, who can spend his money to so much better advantage than be can spend U himself. Let the free farmers und laborers, who voted and fought and gave of their money to emancipate the slaves, and to secure to them the right of eating the bread which their own hands earn, ask them selves If they are now to be rodneed to a "lavcrymoic Insulting and not less oppres sive than that which has been abolished after four years of war. Me thank Mr. Gratz Brown, whose pen and longue were so elo quent In assailing the battlements of African slavery, for thns boldlv attacking this new citadel of American slavery, i Every farmer who pays In the course of a rear one thousand dollars for the clothing of ! big family, and for othcrartlclcs embraced In I the Tariff Bill, will pay seven hundred dollars j as a bounty to the producer of those 1 articles, who Is engaged one-half lof the year in proclaiming I his desire to advance the wages of American 1 laborers, and the other halfin a fierce grap- I pic with those laborers to keep their wages 1 down. Kot content with this form of extor- tion they have invented another, which they -tyle the “drawback system,” by which (hey put their hands In the treasury and take out a bounty for the exportation of their articles to foreign countries. By their oppressive taxation they have forced prices up so high that they cannot sell anything abroad unless the Government pays tbcm a premium, and this too comes, In the end, out of tbo farmer and laborer. The slave hod food, clothing, medical at tendance and what ho could steal. But these self-constituted masters arc not so lib eral to their slaves. Here tbo while mao has to pay for bis own coat: bo bos to fhrnlsh wheat, or corn, or flour, not only to the real value of (be coal, but seventy per cent addi tional. Uls Immaterial whether the crop Is short or largo, these tyrants demand their cent per ccut before they part with their iioods. They prohibit us from going else where to trade, and demand not only the value of the goods, but nearly ns much more, and then insulins by telling ns that it !• nil dono for our good—that wo are poor Omits and cannot lake care ofoursolvoi. The days ol slavery have passed forever, and It makes no difference in what form that slavery way present lUolf—whether It takes thn earnings of Ihnlaborer directly, and doles him out his Jbod ami clothing, or whether U takes his earnings as tbo price oi tbo hod ho rests upon, the utensils with which ho works, or the plow with which he tills hla Adds. Congress may legalize tUU form of slavery, but the jieople will crush It as th«y crushed the other, and far more speedily. TIIK KANNAN CITV IIAILBOAD, The unsatisfactory progress of the vibU oi the committee from KaneasClly to Chicago, fur the purpose of selling Kansas City bonds, ro old In the construction of the Cameron Railroad, in Justly commented on by the St. Lonls ItrpMlean as a piece 'cl singular blindness and stupidity on Ibe part of onr business men. It quotes from the Kansas City Journal of Commerce, which says that Chicago docs not know her own interests, and asserts that “her old rival St. Louts is l arousing herself.” There Is an unpleasant 1 degree of Justice In these sneers of the St. I Louis paper. We doubt whether there was | ever presented to the consideration of our business community, a railroad enterprise promising so many advantages in return for so lew sacrifices. It would appear that one had only to look at a map to appreciate all this readily, and It seems that the St. Lonls merchants already have their eyes open to the facts. That Chicago should hesitate to purchase a hundred thousand dollars of per* fectly safe eight per cent bonds, when by do* ing so she can place herself In direst coanec -1 tlou with the Kansas Valley and the rich country Booth of .Kansas City, certainly re flects no credit on the sagacity, enterprise or liberality of her business men. VTe quote the concluding portion oi the fifpublican't article: *» There is as little reason to believe that Chi caeo will pay one dollar except in promises, as there was to expect her to acknowledge she was cnitcd w!*b tbe cholera last summer. Chicago raver aldtd bt building her own roads. It is ab surd to suppose she wul build one for Kaosa- Cltv We nave no wish to discourage me people of that thriving town even in their attempt to build a road which they proclaim beforvluod is to divert bet-mess from the Metropolis ot their o »n Stale. But they will And Chicago a very poor anxil ary In road building. They had bstusr tax tbfn*clvcs a mile more heavily and build ike roan with their own meacs and credit. Itislbolr pmi'ege to seek their o*n markets, aod H. Lows merchants caooot hold the trade of their own 'fiUte. wbe-her ibioueb a ebort-Jitrbtcd policy, high prices. Indo lence. lndW>;*'>cc, or incapacity, they do*erve to lore 11, and Chicago, or any other city with eoerry caoncn to seize it, deserves to have It. Bat we c mmcprt the matter-to the senoas attention of onr merchants. Tbtt'Kansas City sod Cam ciod Itoad i-laces’Chicago indirect connection with the Kansas Valley, and alio wlta the rich renotry south of Hamas City toward Fort Scott. It bmps her into Immediate connection with the t'oionPadhoßsOraart, rnnnlox throaph Central Kaitras. Already by berraltroad connection with Council BlnSs'ane la enabled to rraapalartre elitiro of the Platte Valley trade, and to grow rich on the commerce of Western Missouri. Are St. Louie merchants aware of these facts ? Or can they afiurd to surrender to Chicago the trade ol then-own Stater* THE SOCIAL EVIL IN ST. LOUIS. The people of Louts, it seems, are moving Id favor of a law to regulate houses of prostitution, requiring them to submit to a system of registration, medical examina tion, &c., alter the manner of similar estab lishments in Paris. An extraordinary pro vision of the proposed law to that no house of 111-fame shall be tolerated in any city of Missouri that has less than ten thousand in habitants. Wo do not see on wbsi principles of equity the men of Bt. Louis propose to de prive their brethren In small towns of an In stitution which they not only propose to re tain for themselves, but to legalize and make as respectable as legislation can make any thing which is repulsive and disgusting in Itself. It 1s probable that St. Louis has acquired her full growth in population* It to certain that the business men of that city entertain the liveliest indignation at Chicago far growing while their town stands still, and are con stantly seeking to overcome by artificial means tho stagnation under which they are suffering. It is possible that by adopting the proposed law, end giving St. Louisa mo nopoly of Ibis trade, they expect to stimu late Immigration. If such establishments ought to be legalized In Bt. Louis, them 1s no good reason why tbey should not bo le galized In every other city of Missouri. If it to right In 81. Louis, U is right oftewberu. If It Is wrong in the one place, It to wrong lu every other. Ibopnsltlwii to rccognlr.o houses of ill* fame, and thiia put them under tho protoo* tlou Instead of tho ban of thu law, have on on been made In this country j but the principle lias never prevailed, and wo hope It nsm may. Hack laws tw the one proposed In Mis* simrl would bn a legislative rocngnUlnn of Pioaltliillni aaa imcesaary element, or "on. iTsmry evil,*' ns It la gingerly cnllud. of so* rlntj-n legitimate biislneis to be regulated by (lie hi ii In. Thera luavo not been wauling both able and good mnn who have advocated sucA taws, but It appears to us tlm principle that underlies llicm is most reprehensible am) oppon-d totliunioml sense ol all well.ordered rommunltles. To remove- from houses of lids clim the danger and tint font ol those dbensex, which often constitute a stronger restraint upon the main oulmtil who desires to visit (bent, limn solf rcspcct and moral cnovlcllooi would bo lo open their doors to l hoiuitiMhi who nro now kept book by fear of the penalty which nvoiigtmr nature So often drills out lo those who Immgrcss her laws. It would bon iiidlllcttlloti to suuhns give no hccil lo moml obligations, that Iboy could i nlur tlm paths of vteo with Impunity. No* where docs sin loavu 111 autograph more dbtlnclly (ban In these Imuula ol shame. Tim proposed law would not elevate prostitution to a eondl* tlon akin to decency or barmlcasnois. It would, however, degrade the standard of public morality 100 level with the nbodes of imrvMralned' vice. Society haa duties cimufilt to attend to without miking liouho* of Ul-l.imo Jess repulsive than they nrc. Un doubtedly, the Inmaloa of such places aro objects ol commiseration. Yet the purpose and object oi legislation, or other organized effort, bhoulddjo to rescue them from such a life, not to make that calling mono attractive tliau It Is. ADDING INSULT TO LAHOENCY. The staple argument of advocates of the tariff swindle Is that those who toko our money away from us can spend: It more to our advantage than'wc can. This Is adding Insult to larceny. Take seventy dollars out of every hundred that a man expends for his clothing, his bedding, his Iron, glass, coal, salt, and goods of every description and then tell him that if be were allowed to keep his own money he would bankrupt himself, and impoverish, the country 1 The Chicago Journal publishes a long letter to prove that American citizens cannot he trusted with their own earnings, but must have them transferred by act of Congress to somebody else, to prevent them from becoming spendthrifts. It is added by this sapient writerthat everybody has a right to Join the manufacturers and get port of the profits of the Tariff BUU IfCongreasshould pass a law for the protection of pickpockets, It would ho equally wise to say that every man has an equal right to pick his neighbor’s jH>ckot, and, therefore, nobody has a right to complain. The pretense that the ponding tariff Wtt has any principle in it—even the principle of “ protection to American industry,” as it Is called—was thoroughly disproved by the debate upon U In the Senate. Senator "WIV son truly said: ** Put a principle of any kind *‘lu this bill, and you will blow It to atoms,” Senator Wilson bad not the courage and tnnnlincsa to vole against a bill which bo pronounced wholly unprincipled. The de bate in the Senate shows that it was a grand scramble for the people’s money, less inju rious to the manufacturers than to the agri culturists, hut Injurious to both. By adding to the already extortionate and Infla ted prices of everything the people hove to buy, it diminishes the number of consumers, and the demand for manufac tured poods, Through the operation of deven additions to the tariff in the space of six years, tbe manufacturing industry of the country has been so “protected” that, in some States,'lt has actually decreased, and In the whole United States its per ccntage of in crease has been only one-fiflh of the increase of population. The largest increase of man ufacturing industry tbe-country ever en joyed was from 1850 to 1800, under a dimin ishing tariff of twenty-five and fifteen per cent, and Mr. Morrill tells us that the year iB6O was “a year of as large production and “ prosperity as any in our history.” THE PAitK BILL. Tho hill to provide a park for the towns of South Chicago, Hyde Park, and Lake has been so amended that we do not see any objection to Us passage. Tho clause submit ting It to a vote of the people reads as fol lows : *»Skc. 19. At the next municipal election of the city of Chicago, to be held on tho third Tuesday In April, IPC7, the legal voters of that part of the city of Chicago Included wltbiu the limits ol tbe town of South Chicago, and the legal voters of the towns of Hyde Park end Lake, on tho same day, at a lowo meeting to be duly celled for that pur pose, (the Tcnstew of the last town election being hereby directed to be need at said special town merlins hereby provided), shall vote for or ■ra'oHsald Park, by ballot* bavin? written.or printed thereon, ‘For Park,* ‘Against Park,* end If a majority ol the voles havin'? wrlit en or printed on them **ror park,” “againstpark” cast attach election wtlolo sMd limits, shah be for said park, then all tbe powers of the commissioners confer red by ibis act shall be and remain in foil toree at d virtue, but otherwise this act shall be null and told.” Now If the people of tho three towns want a park, hi provided for In the bill, they will say so on the third Tnciday In April, and nobody clsu can object to their having U. OBtniASY. Hoc. Pfalllp JohQsOD.t<opreaoolaUvoin Congress ftom the Klcvrotli District ol Pennsylvania, wbo died suddenly on the-1M ultimo, wain native of New Jersey, but, In IMP, removed to Northamp ton County, Pennsylvania. Ills education was re ceived at Ufayclie College, after leaving which he spent two years In the Houth, teaching school. Upon bis rtdmnbom ihettnutb bo studied law, •i d was admllied to pracilc* lb IW*. Hooa after wards he was elected Clara ol tbe Conn nf *••- I •ions and o( >be Oyer and Terminer. In t*M»od i iftMbo was elected lolbe Ooncral Aaaemblyof Pennsylvania. In IM7 be oc.upird the position of chairman of tbe Democratic Stale Convention. In | jftfln, while llevcnue Commissioner of the Third I Judicial Dla'rict of (be Bute. be waa elected to I the Thirty-seventh Congress from bta Congress- I tonal District, and served on tbe Committee on ) Hold* and Canals, Tie-elected to the Thirty -1 ctchlh Congress, l»o was assigned to the Commit- I (re on Terniorte*. InDttlhe was a delegate to 1 the Chicago Convention. During that year be was I re-elected to Congress far the third term. During | mis term In Congress be basbecn a member of the I committee on ExpcnJltores on Public Buildings. 1 Dr. Fowler Prentice, Sanitary Inspector ol Brooklyn. N. Y., died in thatcity on thefifth ulc lie served to Ihe army during tbe war, and dls urgnisbed himself by bit services. Onr California flies brine the Intelligence of the death of Hon. Wilson Flint of Sacramento, (o ISW a member of the California Senate. Tbe Stockton ynd/TMTc/enx says: •*Daring ble term, Henry S. Foote, late Confederate Senator, who bad Jut come to California on a rollhcil venture from Mississippi, was tto Know Nothin* caidid ite for Dnlted Stalea Senalor. Mr. Flint, together with Aehtev, of Monterey, (now Congressman from Ne vada.) ard Waite, of Nevada County, and perhaps one or two others, concluded that Foote was an ncfil man, who, If elected, would serve the slavery amreselonlsts. U« was the caicus nominee, bow. ever, and could only he deieatcd by preventing a Joint convention. It was lonnd that a single vole t-onld suffice to prevent s convention, and Mr. Hint cast that vole day after day. The service bo did me stile by dcfcllne Foote cm bo (etlmated now when we reflect m« hid 1 Foote been elected lie would hire been repreecnl »E CeUfotnU ddrlnp the exdttac ««l°n of Con -1 ettf* which preceded the rebellion, and until the I second year of tbe war, and would doubtless have reeled himself among the opponents ottlncoln s policy It he had not resigned with others to *.slst m organising the rebel Government. Dr. Stephen Duncan, formerly of Natch ex, Miss., died at his residence in Washington Square, New York, on Wednesday lash He died from an at tack of paralysis, at the ripe age of eighty years. He waabeiore the war the richest planter on the MlsbltetapU pjof Charles E.-Borlaad, late Principal of tbe Preparatory Department of the lowa Stale Uni versity. died of consumption at lowa Cily, on the 2«th ultimo. He raised a company among the '‘indents at the University, fa Msy, 13&4, and served as Captain tin til the close of the war. IRON AND THE TARIFF. Protest from a ProtecUonist Against the New. Tariff Bill. An Unjustifiable Tax and Burden on the Country. Cmoaoo. 111., February 4, ISSt. • To (be Editor of the Chicago Tribune: The English Iron masters reduced their list of prices last quarter-day one pound sterling per ton of 2,210 pounds, or, say, from £9 to £8 for best refined iron. Cost of importing 100 tons of T. P. K. iron —a quality of Iron that would come most in competition with what is usually understood as American refined—of the sizes compre hended under the lowest rate of thepr«enf tariff (ono cent per pound), aay bars, flat, from Ito 6 Inches by 3-8 to 2 Inches, and rounds and squares from to 2 Inches: 100 tons st £8 sterling per tosof LWO Os £BOO OsOd less SK iter cent torcash, on receipt of invoice bill lading SO OsOd Shipping charrra at e« 6d lon CooeDl’acr mil cat*.. Freight and charm to New York, per can, alia ahUliaga pec ton... 05 Q 0 £6C6 4s M at ® per cent exchange on London f t,15T.09 gold Dnlieaon*34,oooS>Batlc 2,540.Wg01d Gold at say S3H premium....,, Total coat In currency $8,430.10 Insurance to cover (be sterling rn voice and troid premium on any 16,80®, Ik percent... ...* 60.84 Stamps, fees and Custom House broker .... 0.33 TdUI currency tost of ail.WWlbs on dock in New York 93,010.04 OrM.Mperlonthi. Cartage to store, or to causl line. If draihiod for the weal, 91.60 per too 100.00 Total currency tost of W4.WO lbs, in atom Now York, or on catnu Or 98.1 M per 10U Sh*, equal lo 910.01 per pound •lorliritf on the Median list price of £H par tup of tnunw. . „ Th« Htmve may «o considered actual* figures, with the exception of gold, assumed nt MX per cant nppiuxlmate, hut now ttt)< per cent |iroiitliiiii« Iron Hum costa In store, Now York, ae fid* lowa t Mtft* With gold ni mu y uui |i.ni * iw #» iid.ui , no " 3 SI •• iu or •• WW M t|U " 141.41. •• M “ 11,(11 ** tll.tf *• V3)| « IJ.M « J11.U7 iu •• rt.M •• o.ht ** in « ii,tm •* ii.4T '* in *» TIM M tuw »• b •• a. in “ h on •• par •• X.W " TUo tiovf UrltTmiw proposed (tjf «mU on same a|r.ra) r with gold ill JJJIK per cunt pro* mlnm, would make Dio animi coat In store, In Novf York, |4.SM per 10U Ha, or 941. W on Hat' price. Ufeourso, alr.ua Hint colt differently and mu subject lo a higher rnto of duty than tho nbovo r would require aiiollior calculation; hut the almvc, being tho leading slaes and subject to llm lowest rnto of duty, are anlecl* cd himiito they show where tho llrlllsh Iron iimnutncturor can run tho American 1 Iron iiillti the closest. It would nppour from tho above that an Importer of DrllUli Iron could not tny It down on dock In Now York, gold being *l3#, for leas than-* ivrpwjh 93.H1 jf put In bond orsiorv, adding cartage...... .07 Haiu ana oilier charge#, not ho leu than ft per cent, or, per JOOff'a .20 Then we have the importer’s lowest price from store, Kew York, by Invoice H! But o dealer meat have some profit, sod we will allow him the moderate rate of 5 per cent, 0r... Then webavefbe dealer'slowestpricofrom store W.W But supposing the dealer la the Importer, the profits alone ol Importer and dealer combined would not be more than a living profit on the use of capital, and to cover the risks of trade, the storage, Insurance, hand line and selling charges, so that we may safely assume that $4.32 la as low, as a gen eral thing, aa Imported iron can be sold at present out of store in New York, and In this way the great bulk of it would be sold, and that $4.30 would bo the coat of Imported iron in New York. To give the Iron interests of the United States, however, every advantage in the comparison, wo will assume that a Chicago dealer can. Import da New York, (best route) and put on board canal line for Chicago at $3.91, and that he can freight to Chicago, dockage Included, during season of naviga tion, at the low rale of thirty-nine cents per 100 pounds, so that the cost of 100 pqunda imported, on dock in Chicago would be $4.30. From the above it follows that with the present tariff the Iron districts of the United i Slates competing for the trade of tho lakes and the Northwest, and the country tributa ry to the lake region, mnst lay Iron down In Chicago, say as follows: PTiih £pld at *3H V** 66111 At $1.30 per 100 lbs, ** S 5 4.00 “ 8.91 ** 877 “ 3.R5 u 8.43 “ 11 par 8.31 “ But Western Nevr Tork, Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, Missouri, Tennessee and Western Pennsylvania—the great Iron producing re* « 80 “ -15 glons—have an additional protection of great valne, as against imported Iron, in their near ness to the great markets of consumption and the facilities of transportation, and sav ing of time and Interest, canal transportation from ihe seaboard, at low figures, being interrupted for six months of the year. This alone may be estimated as an advantage, ad ditional to those iron districts, of say five to ten dollars per ton. There are lower priced foreign rolled irons, Scotch, Welsh, Ac., say from £d Cs to £7 10s, good for common purposes; bat the great bulk of Importations of merchant irons would be of the better qualities, for general work. The present duty of one cent per pound on the foregoing estimates Is, on a gold basis, 54 per cent on the gold invoice value and charges to New York. The proposed duty of one ond a quarter cents per nonnd would be 97 percent on the same values. In ISCI and IGC3 Pittsburgh sold bar sixes of Iron and leading rises of rounds and squires, at 2*s and S>d cents per pound, oa six months creJU, or 5 par cent off, say for cash —.s2 ti Ip lUO Ba Itnpnrtattoo cost. New York, 1807.. 3.9! * “ Deduct Internal revenue tax, equal Difference in cost J 1.48 OWng Pittsburgh an advance over price* of 1961 and Is 3 ol 70 per cent The proposed tariff would make the cost In store. New York, say Pittsburghprices.lu DsCl and'C3...... *■» Deduct Internal revenue lax. Difference In cost. Gltlpr Pittsburgh 35 per cent advance on price* of l»l and 1563. Tbe aboTO differences came from compar ing gold values of 1801 nod 1802, and cur rency Import values of 1807. Wc will now compare gold valueswllb gold values: We lake tor HO Ib* imported iron under pres cnl tariff, as gold cost..** • And deduct *3-12 and 3U cents »•« Difference.... . ♦ oea Equal to 30 per cent advance on Pittsburgh prices of (Poland isci, supposing everything done on told basts, win l«l and t«S. under proposed tariff Import coet... ....... fJ.SI Deduct *••• •*” Wllfcrence Kami to n? ttcr rent advance on Pittsburgh prict-P of IBM »»d 1«». gold Dari*. Now the question to bo considered uemt lo bo Just thin. so for os the Northwest is coo* corned: That Ip, If cacb ono engaged, In the onorotton uf making Iron, from the capitalist down to tbo laborer, receives only 1)1* natr share of remuneration (aa muat and will be the cmp when tiling* become pelllcd), cannot tbo great Iron producing district* wc»l of the mountain*, with Ibolr advantage of location and other facilities, make Iron In 1807. under the present UiilT, on an advance of seventy per cent over the prlcea of Wrtl and 18rtJ, for currency and when gold cornea to par and tbe thing* aball be equal at an advance of twenty-live per cent on »ame prlcea; or do they require now a far ther protection, a* under tbe proposed tariff, to equal an advance on the prlcea of 1961 and 18CJ of clghty-slx per cent currency values, or thirty-seven per cent pol'd ratuea f In 1861 and 18»H Iron was low In Pitts burgh, but, notwithstanding. It It Is believed that the mills were generally employed, and capital and labor reasonably compensated. Manufacturers usually stop when running at a loft. Then they had a low tariff; now they have a good protection. • It would teem that the agricultural Inter est* should not be unduly taxed for the bene fit of special Interests. The main trouble would seem to be, not they have not safll- dent protection, but that skilled labor. In deed all labor connected with Its manufac ture, owing to peculiar circumstances, Is able, at present, to control and dictate the rate of •wages, and In other matters con nected therewith. If an advance takes place, from increased tariff or other causes, labor steps forward and demands the greater share. The present la everything with this class of people. They lake bat little heed for tbe fbturc; unfortunately will not reason for general good, bat are apt to exact until general destruction overtakes all con cerned. Seeking to correct this by addi tional tariff only makes the thing worse, for one class absorbs it to the detriment of others. Let ns have a reasonable and healthy foreign competition, and these things will correct themselves. Protection of home Industry Is ft good and necessary policy, but if we remove competi tion by nrohibltory duties, we are not apt to study economy and Improved modes of doing things. “Necessity Is the mother of Inven tion.” The finish and quality of British Iron has brought our iron masters out of the slot. only and rough way of making It twentyh Te years ago. Under high tariff wo become ea* trevugant end wasteful, and do not learn to marmlactnre ns cheaply as when we bare fair competition. One class of persons en gaged in production are apt to gat more than their duo share, producing bad morsla and an absence of the proper ideas of tho value oi money. Stimulating production to a s-ir* plua, by excessive protection. Is not tbo wsy to teach economy, or insure permanency In taanDbclniea. A pood high tariff, U Is said, l» wanted to produce gold revenue. Very well, but “ we must not kill tho troose that lays the golden j egg." Many articles can be taxed heavily, just os well as not, and let the rich, who can afford them pay for It, for such goods will be imported any way; but a great staple Uko Iron, that we use so liberally, and is a neces sity for onr progress as a nation, let u* have as low as possible consistent with proper pro tection to home manufacture. Tho proposed tariff on Iron, taking the average of tho duties proposed, would be come, it is presumed, for a time, almost pro hibitory, and very little gold revenue would come from that article of Import. By the report ot the Iron end Steel Asso ciation, It may be estimated that the import duty on merchant Iron, under the present tariff, amounts to about two millions of dol lars, gold; and supposing this article to be nearly excluded by an increased tariff, the Government would derive Us Internal revenue tax on consequent increased production, equivalent to $350,000, 'gold, leaving a loss on gold receipts of $1,030,000 in ibis particular class of Iron, Should the Government Treasurer, from want of gold revenue from Imports, be forced at any time, to take legal tenders, received from home manufacturers’ and eater, Wall street to supply himself, the broken might corner this gentleman and greatly unsettle all values. £730 OaOd 1310 0 11 6 £B3B la 6d f 0.397.63 gold 2.1M.M gold Excessive taxation and Ugh tariff may prove an unsafe platform far (ho Uepubllcon patty to stand on, and cause seine day the cry to come up t “ More economy in expend!* lures, less taxation, and demand no more than is necessary." It Is belter la establish tilings on a stable basts, If possible, so that they may not bo disturbed for a reumtiablo tmrlod, at t#s*t. f-*»l naiml g»t fkrthfr away mnn a tpwlo Puls, but approach It ally and surely. It may bo argued Hint oil values wllfa*. slmllato—Hist I*. 11 Iron noils at five rents per pmpul, wheat and corn briny n eorrN spoudlng price. Thin might bu true If all Ihingn mmtd tm miliililnod on nila»i|iillth* rlum \ but one class of prodiiullonn, wheat ami corn (or Imdsnee, requires less cupllul, and employs a le«« skilled data of labor Ilian Iron mid n surplus In this Him, In Ihla coun try, where land In elmap, ran morn roadily tm produced. To maintain dm bularnm of tilings ami control this disturbing element In our lute mat business relations, wu must (Ind a market clsowhcio, not only fir corn and cotton, but also any productions wo liavo In surplus. All valurn ore at the proscut lime too unsettled to determine what amount of protection Is required for our mamtflmiurcs. When all things shall ho on more equal rein* dons lueoeh other, nmniifimturers ofl/cm will ho hotter able to Judge of tliolr wants. In tbo meantlrntf, they havu.a good protection In the prevent tariff and gold premium ; mid It U an old inlii/to, " lot well enough ahum.” That there should ho no complaint of un* fair dealing with dm facts of dm enso, U will tm perceived that In the foregoing estimate the minimum rule of duty has been taken. It Is well understood, however, by those com vcrsnnt with the scale of duties, and the classification of the different sixes and kinds of Iron, us proposed In the new Tariff Dill, that the average of the protection will ex* cced the foregoing estimate under said tariff. And by way of illustration, wo will now ex* lublt the figures on a class of Iron at tlTc maxlmdm duty proposed: One inch hoop. No. 19, landed In New York under preoei.t isHfl'—gold value of $32.10—533.03. Uatj ou gold basis is 67 per cent on invoicevsios. Doty on same at currency value of duties on gold value ol Invoice Is U 0 per cent. Sixtj'Bevcn percent would seem to be a good protection, sufficient to satisfy any reasonable mind, but gold premium makes It better and brings It up to ninety per cent under present tariff. But this, they say, is not enough, and we will figure, under the proposed tariff, the same class and size of Iron: One ton 1 Inch No. 19 hoop, landed In New York, under proposed' tart* (gold) 1U1.53- Daty equal to 121 per cent on gold basis and 165 per cent at currency mine of duties on gold Taint of Invoice. It Uln these classifications that the pro* tcction or prohibition*!* mostly concealed. There la one feature more that should be notlced > and that. Is, what amount of tar, is It presumed, will be laid upon the country by this new bill, from iron alone, for the hen cat of a particular class. Wc vM not go Into this minutely, through ell Ua ramifica tions, but will take a glance at It, in a general I way, as that may be sufficient to open oar | eyes The Iron md S»«l Association reported at their animal meeting that there ■were made, for the year «ndlnr Juno S, I£6>s, to the United Stales, pig iron 910,000 Blooms, filths and loops ...» Slock from which we will assume other forma of iron come >51,000 Add to this the importation of torelgn merchant Irena, wnlch we will aamme will be. in the main, excluded. (Ton* 0f2,U»1b8.) .82,000 Sufficiently large item for Illustration. The new tariff will, by increasing the price, add to the cost of the above to the con sumer; through its various forms, from five .to twenty dollars per ton; but, to bo within hounds, wc will call the average eight dol lars per ton. or, $3,202,000 annually, for the benefit of Ibis particular class of producers and manufacturers. The above figures arc sufllc’eatly near to show that it'baa the appearance of a one sided business, and closer investigation would not be likely to make It lea* so. J.T.R. Destruction of tbe Old Illinois Central Railroad Pantenser Depot—The tl f«tbrr-IcetD tbe Hirer. [Correspondence of the Cblcaeo Tribune-! Canto, January 31. A little before 12 o'clock last night, a fire broke out la the north end of the old wooden building formerly the Illinois Central Pm eeuser Depot. The flames spread with great rapidity, soon enveloping the entire struc ture, and redocelng It to ashes. The building and the additions thereto were valued at something over *12,000, and were owned and Injured as follows: The north end, owned by B. F. Marshall, Insured for SI,OOO In the Dome, New Haven. Middle portion, by Halllday & Salford, In sured for (0,000 In the Underwriters’, New York, and $2,000 each In the Metropolitan, New York, and New Haven. South end, by D. T. Llncgar, whose loss is SI,OOO, on which there la no Insurance. Tbe building was mostly unoccupied, and had just been leased for a tobacco ware house. John Clanscy, proprietor of the most extensive billiard* saloon In tbe city, bad Just moved out of the building, but a creat portion of his slock of liquors hud not , yet been removed, and were destroyed or ( damaged to the amount 0f51,500, on which the*© was an Insurance of SI,OOO In the North Amcilcan, Philadelphia. J.lncgar’s part of the building was occupied by Mr. Qlho. a saloon keeper, whoso loss In stock and Daturas, damaged In removal and an Interruption In business, will probably amount to s*oo or SI,OOO, tally covered by j Insurance. . 1 At one time U seemed almost certain that | the Are would extend to the passcugor , depot of the Illinois Central Railroad. 8o , Imminent was the danger that the ticket eases, baggage and hirulture were all re* moved fram the building. The wind, bow. ever, changed and carried the flames across I tbe strsat towards the river, setting lira to the Government Commissary building, an I extensive wooden structure on the op. , poslte aide of the street. This building was twice onflre and had a very oar*- row escape from destruction. Had this building burned, tbe result would have been one of the most disastrous confla grations that ever occurred In Cairo—not io much from the lots of tbe commissary building and Us contents, as from the burn ing of not less than $2.V),000 worth of cotton lying on tbe levee near the commissary building. Had this occurred the fire would. In all probability, have communicated to the wharf-boat of the Memphis & Ohio Railroad, and to several steamers lying near by without steam up, and In a very helpless condition to escape from the destroying ele ment which has visited destruction upon so many of these floating palaces. A* U U, fortunately, the “Old Depot” is the only building burned, and certainly It was no great ornament to the city. A stately brick building will now soon take Us place and Improve the appearance ot tbe city, as In tbe case of the destruction of other unsightly old wooden structures in the same neighborhood, and give tbe traveller a more favorable impres sion of onr city on stepping from tbe cars or steamboat. The weather is clear and quite warm- The merenrv rose to sixty degrees above zero early in tbe forenoon, and stood at that point most of tbe day. The Ice In the river Is sotlenlng and disappearing rapidly. Tbe Kext State Fair In low*. Cujttos, lowa, February 1. To the Editor of the Coicago Tribune: The Executive Committee of the lowa State Agricultural Society, met the local committee for the State Fair yesterday. The State Fair of 1567 will be held on tbe grounds of the Clinton County Agricultural Society at Clinton and Lyons, on tbe 24th, 23th, 261 h and 2«th of September. On many ac counts, It is to be regretted that the State Fairs of lowa and Illinois will be held during the same'freek, Bat under the circumstances, TTTiiccutire Committee thought best to adhere to tho decision of tho State Society at neeiioinea, firing the lime. Tbolocal com mittee has agreed to provide thirty-fire acres of ground, properly enclosed, midway be tween tho cities of Lyons and Clinton, which will bring the Fair within a mile of tho busi ness portion of both places. They will pro vide 850 stalls for horses, 150 for cattle, 100 pens for sheep, thor oughly weather proof! .100 pens for swine, doored and roofed, with an abundance of water; a half-mile trotting track; a spacious 1 amphitheatre; fine art, fruit, vegetable and mechanical halls, in tho aggregate five hun dred feet lone and of convenient width, besides every other, appliance to render vis itors comfortable, and to protect from Injury and exposure everything on exhibition. All tho railroads in lowa have agreed to carry passengers to the Fair at half faro, and stockNind articles intended for exhibition fl-ce- and also the Western Union Railroad In Wisconsin and Illinois. The stage lines and steamboat companies have greatly re duced their rates. Thus every facility la af forded our neighbors In Wisconsin and Il linois to present their stock, implements and products, in friendly competition with onr OWD pCOpUCs The people of Lyons and Clinton and vicin ity hare taken hold ofthls matter in earnest, ’ it will ho no fault of theirs if the Four -1 teenth Annual Fair Is not the heat, In all 1 respects, ever held by tho lowa State Agrl ; cultural Society- 8 - Itcmulca of Don. B. Oralz Brown. . mu to «c-»>abll«H Slavery In the United States In the Bonnie on Tumiloj, Jnntory Milt, llic Tariff Bill bring under dismission, Sena tor Drunn, of Missouri, enld! It Would room to me, sir,, as If lUoso who furor protection ns u prlnclplo niliriil bo content to Itvy Uiulr dlsorlmlnutloin nitolntl thin or tliat class wllltln Hio limits of n revenue lotilf under tlio oxtroordlimrr onr ronudtnjiß irhlcli, by Vlrlurf of Internal trace, jto to tender 1U duller necessarily lilnn. 1 undir llinl dlettnlso they lulubl, lieil'ap#, euuccssmlly plnctt oiiir; J'ri "o* lor a number of tents In come, anil It would bit dtlllcnli In erimeo the lnjn*t.teo In ench wise as to Inrec Its ourrmlton bjr an appesl to lit" ennnlrr. lint sni'fcss liJlli ertnUse iniboblmnd Hm rlntfs trim thtd a nrolll to title epci’lc" of leulslaHnn t<> olamitr lor sllllßrsnlerdiillcs.iuiirilin instill Is a still Outlier eniKcselnn and a still lilutinr li rlif. The I'lntnes L'nnnnllti c malm a Imnsl Hist limy user lied all tm'snlnterestsm Pirnllnmi. Mir, we inlitlit liars Imnidnnd llinl from tlio liltf |list Inis hern reported. Hilt tllfy dll lint tell ns that tliey Bare lisd lioftirn them any of I In,sn who ate to puy tlioso bounties on maun dictum, or tliiao who protest sualnsl tills undilr end uneiiual loalslatlnn. The nncslloii ns It slsnds Is lii very trnltr* nnosllini not so munli nf pnilccilon ns It Is * nnestlntl of prnllllllllim. It Is to exclude li-um linpnilnllon, mid thereby to reduce ilia revenue derived Item Hie luilil i net to Its* cresse Hist tormina By laricr collections on' Imnnrls. llieteliy to enable us to reduce tlio lax on Internal pni*uollons. If llicro wore no ntliif reasons, Ibcrelbre, I slimild no cum. polled to vide neslnsl tile bill on Hint itrouud' nlniie. I'tilled, bnwovnr, tbore nre surest ninny oHierrcnrors In tbo esse. I mi pertVeily fituillllar with Hie argument wldtdi nnn been adduced' nil slung, Hist If von will only irlvo protection tu mauufae lures you will tbereby biitld llioni up and en. mililo Hicm to redoes Hie price of Hioss nrlb

elcs which they iiinnnruc.turc: but It Is a singular cliiineterlsilo of this whole senemo tut now prnM'Hled in national leglilimon that yon find to-day all the»c manufacture, which for twenty years yon have honn building np, hltrher ratal of duty Mian they old *tu their Infancy. You find the nmnufuctuo* that cro Into oil' thu uses uf domestic Hie, uneh a* the iron manufactures, the wool manufactures, the worateda and cottons and chemicals, asking higher rates or. prohibitory duly than they have ever asked heretofore. If that Is to he the result of a continuation of protection, 1 think the soon er we gel rid of the system the better. At all events, I think It Is a very conclusive ar gumsnt, polnj; to show that there Is no truth In what Is alleged In Us general tenor and Cfl ]t think, sir, that a system of prohibition such as wc arc asked to enact here to-day la neither more uor los than a legalized plun der. It Is a wrongful taking out of the pockets of another. It Is making lawfhl that which every morality condemns as wrongful. It Is statutory theft and pillage. That Is my judgement about the whole prohibitory system. 11'e have just emerged, Mr. Presi dent. from a long and exciting conflict, in which wo have labored to get rid of one system of oppres sion; wo have abolished slavery in so far as it relates to personal bondage; but, sir. In my opinion, tbe measure now before you In Us principle, and to a very large ex tent In its applications, neither mare nor 7r« than the UteSpient rr-tdaUithmenl of tlawrii in another rhape. It Is a slavery to capital, a servitude which will be just as onerous, just as trying to.tbla nation, apdjustas produc tive of evil bonscquenccs to.the oppressed classes aad sections as ever was any other form or type of slavery. . Mr. Fessenden. If we get the negro into this bill w care gone. . Mr. Bnowx. That may do as a retort; but. sir. If you get tbe white man Into slave ry the Western farmer paying his tribute to the Eastern manufacturer, and continue to clench his fetter* and extort from him more and more, as seems to be now proposed, you will not end without violence either. Kow, sir, so far as this tariff bill goes, If you were to moke It equal In Its advantages or disadvantages to all parts of the coun try, if yon were to equalize all these pro hibitions, it you were to give anything like equlpoUo to tbe different in terests In the community, the only result that yon could by possibility have from It wonld be a general Inflation of all your values and such on Inflation as would neccs tartly exclude aT the great producing Inter '•sts of the country from tuo markets of the world. Yourlrgh prices being altogether comparative would benefit nobody In tbts country, and yet wonld make It impossible to ship abroad and compete with grain or produce or manufactures In foreign markets. That would be thesumond substance of your whole prohibitory system, for bear lu mind It is prohibitory duties that are clam ored for here to-day. That, I think, Is substantially the operation of the existing tariff’and tbe present bill, I think, so far as Its duties arc higher, will operate still more strongly in thesameway wllhall the produc ing interests of the country. I think, there fore, that nothingcan result from this meas ure but a more permanent Inflation of prices, a reduction of revenue from custom duties, and a still further exclusion of your products from the markets of Europe and Asia- I do not Intend, Mr. President, to make any extended remarks on the details of this bm. I elmplv rise now to enter a protest In •the name of the constituency that I repre sent here, against Its passage, as being an unjust and wrongful and detrimental act to them, one In which tbclr Interests arc sacri ficed to benefit those whose Interests have long been fostered and protected, who do not require it longer, and who have no right to demand it from them if they did. Sir. tbo people of my Slate are looking to this Congress with eager eyes, asking strictest economy In the administration of your Government, and the largest possible reduction in the taiation.which Is now bear ing so bcavlly upon oil their business Inter ests. but, on the contrary, what is it pro no«cd to do? To surrender the revenues Government might derive from customs In the hands of certain large moneyed Interests as boons on their productions—for that Is what prohibition comes to—and by thl« sur render to preclude the possibility of an) Im portant reduction In the Internal taxes. I think, Mr. President, when this bill pass es and goes to the country—loaded down with tbe extortions practiced in the name and behalf of special Inletcsts-vou wi t find that Us advocates have not rightly cal culated the patience of the people. Tons. .1,1)30.500 FROM CAIRO. TIIB TARIFF BILL. MEXICO. round! with the Nola« blcn of the Umpire, (Front the New Oilcftoi I’lc.yune, January D ; The following are the natnea of the tllalln. ■nibbed Mexican. who were calletl together it the cariltol hr the Emperor Moxlmllluu, .Inrimrj 14, to consider the effalra of the El ?ctrure l.area, I.nemtan. Meraliel Daaalne, Marin, (larela Agulirc. Mlcr y Term, Cum. n«, ITretln, (ietieral Marrinca, Mlirplijr (Un. iter Peeretarjf of War), Afmnwtn,l.«l» Men tier., Manuel Cordero, l.rlnhan yiltalhn, t or tea y Eppuruv, Ihmlfaclo (luilerrea, llplde. I'er.uela. Ponton. Harahla. Irlharrcn, Hldul. go y Teran, Arango J Kacainloe, Ororeo j iWra. I.lnarea, llmundcx, \ elor Perea, l.opea Portllla, Tomaa Mnrp)iy> «<’“rn«) l or ; tllln, (icnentl Ualtatln, the Arrhblahen of Mex\eo, the m.hop of Pan I,nl. Potoal. Ban clica Nararoi, llov. Father H.clicr, \ Unurrl, Manuel Llzardl. . ... .. M ttl Oriraba, fir. Urea presided over the assembly, lo the name of the Emperor, and off* red the following question: '•Jo the actual circumstances ol the country and to view of the figures prelected by the Ministers of War end of Finance, ought the Imperial Government, eod can U, undertake Ibc pacification of the country 5 The Minister of the Interior then rose, and read a list oflhe departments which atlll re mained failhfnV to the Empire. The Minister ofFlnance then rose and said that the Treasury coonled, at that time, up* mi certain rev Sue of «U t OOMW. Once the departments of San Luis, Zacatecas and Jalisco recovered, It wonld amount to $“23,000,000. When the arm of the Imperial Government coold embrace the whole cotm trv, it would amount to 130.000,000. The Minister of War rote, and said that be counted upon an effective force of 20,000 men. Immediately disposable. General Marquez then rose, and argued eleqnentlyln frvor of pnsblnc on the war. He was supported by Senor Murphy, Under Secretary of War, Seoors Mario, Garcia Aguirre, Lares. Mler y Teran and Lacaoza. Marshal Bazaine then rose and read a to tonne which was translated into Spanish by ffir SSZm He «ld ttat It w« the opinion of the French army, which had travelled throuch the whole country, that the Republic had gained ascendency> omtbe Picatcr oart of the people, and was In all thS tSnch s llThai had nnder his ord«s 40°(S French soldiers and 30.W0 Mexicans. He had had all the necessary re sources of the country placed At his fcsposl lion, and he was convinced Empire would be war, not peace. He teUeved that, therefore, the Emperoroncht to wtire. The Archbishop of Mexico felt himself In competent to tlve an opinion. So, also, the Bishrp of San Luis Polosi. Then followed divers opinions, and the re sult of the discussion was that by a vote or two-third* to one u was Wjj® 4 tain the actual situation.” observed that at the rote General Yldaurri absented himecli; «nd M. Lirerdi refused to -rote on account of bis foreign nationality. On the assembly rising, Signor Lares was charged with submitting Vbcirlabora and their results to the Emperor* THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI Official Report of the Govern- ment Survey. Projected' Improvement of the Upper Mississippi and Us Tributaries. Important Recommendations to Congress. The Secretary of War, on Tuesday, nary 29, transmitted to the Houao of_Keprt scutattvcs, the following report of General A. A. Humphrey, Chief of Engineers, of the Survey of the. Upper Mississippi and Its tributaries: . EHonntxn DrPAimcrjrr. I Wahotjiotoh. D. C.« Jaouaiy 5»« iw* 1 Bra: In obedience to the requirements of the act ot June 23,1860, making appropria tions for the repair, preservation and com* , plction of certain public works. &c., ana In compliance with the resolution of tbe House of Representatives of the 20tb ultimo, , I have the honor to transmit hcrewUbthe report of Brevet Major General 0. K. War* rtu. United States Army, Major of Engineers, on the surveys of tbe Upper Mississippi River and Its tributaries. General Warren’s report, though a prelim inary one. Is made somewhat voluminous, owing to the length of the Hoes of river nav igation treated oT, and the lack of engineer ing data heretofore obtained In regard to portions of them. , . . The lengths of tbe rivers examined to as certain the obstructions to navigation are about as follows Miles Of (be.Mitmesoti* Yellow Medlcluo to tlie tDOUth »t*ii«M***4***f* | ****** i ** > ' >t '* tk *' WT Of the 8U Croix, ftomlhßlalls loilsmotilh.. CO Oflhe Cannonand Late Rlyslinto ths Min* netolaHher g? OflhßnilppflttayJJeUa........... *S Of IbrZtmmru and Its mouth.. ..... Ml UfllißWi?cohridandZo*mTsrs... ........ Of Uie Mississippi bom K»ll» ol »t. Anthony to Buck Island Itaplda* ««*«.»» T0tt1...... in addition lo the above, surveys nud ex* amlualUma wore made lor obtaining tins nteossary to dcloMiilno III® oust maimer orhrtiluifi/x ihu Mississippi from ttt< Paul to hi. J.otiK so as to m-eiudon least nhstniHlon lo inivlgiillon, a dlsUmm of about IUO miles, The subject ol bridging (Ivimral Wuimi resmves P*f a milwniiuml report. In order to gain t)mu to present It Wnrrfn ronuliitlus from his mtaml* imlloiia thnt throughout tlm sjmue between Port Huelllog mitt the Hock falnml Itiiphls (lie current of lliu river has imtbeen ofaiilll* clout strength to transport gravel, mill that lUo bats arc tlmrsloro composed of aim). This Miml I* very slllelous am) froo from semenllng material,so that it la easily moved by dm water, am) the ban, though qullo constant to curtain ruches of tlm river, are ci.ntliinnlly shilling from, place to place thirain. The lumf la thouuhl to extend downwards generally from forty lo sixty led below tlm low*wntrMurn»eo. Judging by tlm miMtiifaelury effect of slonu damson the Ohio, where• uietl tore movo mere rand-bars, (Jenoral Wafer u does nut feel aulliurlr.cd to recommend (hem fbr tlm Mississippi, but reserves a full discus* »Um and expression of opinion on this mat* ter dll ail dm results of his surveys-have bet’ll tlevebipril 5 bill. h*m iflfrtMifool tempo* rnry relief, which mny y«t hUo prove Clio niotl economical mid desirable fur pcnna* iie»tmtop'b>(i, urge* tbo construction of a tew stuuAhoaia with apparatus ndaptod'to •eruplng the sami-bam, mi an to make a para* abl» channel through them at the Unit) of low water. These tamHiars Act an dami Id preserving: a desirable depth of water above them, and' the dredging operation could’bo ao con* trolled n« to mako the rooulred opening nnoH« them at the time and place needed, mid only to mi extent that would not reduce the pool above the bur. Jt in thought by tide means four feet draught can bo secured to the month of the bt. Croix, and thenco to Fort Snelllug a draught ol three feet. Two email amounts of $5,000 and $3,000 are, liowcrer, asked for, for the purpose of testing by actual trial the effects of artifi cial dams hi doping, eupcnluous channels; and one of $235,005 ixr lucks and dams to reach St. Anthony. If the plan of dredging should snxeed, It wHI require an annual expenditure-bore* after ol $40,000-. This, it is thought, would be lees tbun tbe cost of keeping dams in re pair, even If they succeeded in their object. Tbe estimated cost of the improvement of tbe navigation of the Mississippi Is: For lock anddam at Meeker 1 # island. SiSS,CG3.OO For building andoperatiugtwodredges For cxpcrlmeotaVdame 8,000.0(1 For experimental beacons... &JU.UO Total, first year $831,405.00 The obstructions made by snags and wrecks will be removed by the same boats that act as dredges.- . , For the Minnesota River an estimate Is submitted for a pysicm of lock and dam na vigation, which will give a draught of four feel, as tuUowa; . Total from VcllowMcdldneto Fort Ridge ]y. sixty ~5350,000 Total fiom Fort HldcMy to Mankato, »cv en(v-thtee«adoneoalftniles 535,000 Toia'* from Mankato to Upper LeSaenr, thirty-one and one-hall roues . 109,000 Total trom Upper LeSucor to fool of Lit* tle-Rapids, thlrty-mne-and one-half miles... .......... ... ........ I*B,ooo 3 otal from foot of Little Raoldslo Mendo* la, thirty-tiro and one-half miles 4,w» Grand total from Yellow Medicine to MeudoU,t«o hundred and ihiny-seveo miles trra,sCo A desirable Improvement oi the Minnesota might be ctlcctcd by tbo following expend!* tuic, securing a draught of two to tlireo feet utlow water: _ . j For removing snags and boalder* tnronga- . pat *2)7,500 For dam and loci* at Little Uipids...-. GO,‘WO For expense annually of scraper ureogo* boat ~ JLOOO For the St. Croix Elver bo special m- < proveruent is thought to be calied for at Hoe of the Cannon It ts thought that nothing but a canal could be made that would be desirable; the detailed estimates arc rot complete*- The stream Is about one hundred to one hundred and fifty feet wide, and has no natural navigation. For the Zumbro mach the same difficulty is feltaswith theCanuon. Three estimates are presented for Improv ing it from the falls downward ; the least U $200,000, glvlngtwcnty Inches to two feet for vessels eighty feet long ; a continuous canal plvloc four-fect draught would cost sl,ooot -000. The reports upon the Fox and Wisconsin rivers improvement makes out a navigable stage at low water In the Wisconsin River, 1 of about t*o feet. The dams and locks do j signed bv the improvement company and partially carried out, though now. somewhat dilapidated, provide for a navigable depth fmm Green Bar to the Wisconsin of four foct. 1 with locks thirty-five by one hundred and sixty. Major Suter, who was assigned to the work by General Warren, estimates that I $454,422 Is necessary to complete this work I nrcrerly and put it in good repair. 1 Major Suter also presents an estimate for a navigable depth In the Fox River, part of the line of six feet, with the lengths oflocks increased to 220 feet, so as to admit of the passage of the smaller seu-poing war vessels at the lime of high water from the Gulf of Mexico Into the lakes. **avtnin 1 This last estimate is. •••••••**; „,i ti! I Major Suter was not able to make a reliable estimate ol the cost of bringing tho navlga- HUtv oftlie Wisconsin River up to.the same standard as that on the Fox. until further and more careful surveys have been made. General Warren, however, submits an esti mate for employing a dredging boat on this river to ascertain how tar It is practicable to Improve the stream by this plan. Its bars are formed of moving eami like those of the ; Upper Mississippi described lu Uls report. , 1 For diedge and snag-boat *ti’??nrn : 1 Expense of operating one year 13,010 CO Total Aral year *i£{Sn!S For each aabiefincnl year* 2U,()00.U0 Additional Biirrcya arc necessary so satla* factorlly determine the problem ol the most economical tnodcvl carrying out the plan of improving the navigation of the mm heroin considered. Thccalimntes for additional atuveys are: For the Mlaatatppi above Fall ol bt An lhony»-< ••• •- •«•»•••• For tbo Mississippi bflwwn Falla of HI. i Anthont and Rock Island Uaplda ... For the Wisconsin Hirer •Toll! Till- view* urn! recointncndallona m (Icntral Wnrrcn arc concurred In by tnla Depart* 111 The dutlca Inlmaled In Ooncral Wanon were rery extended, and 11 wn« only by ureal enemy and activity,and undtitflnir mdiKtrv, 1 bat tiio Held work waa eoinnlolod. and llio preliminary tonorta prepared In I linn In bn ■nbinltled to Cont'roaa during tlio broaent reineclfully, jour obedient aorranl, (sinned) A. A. Ilrsiniiiinva, '*■ ’ Chief of Knclnecra. lion. E. M. Siantox, Secretary ol War. , Negro Testimony In Sonib Carolina. (Prom the Charleston Mercury, January 21.1 Some curiosity and speculation were natu rally excited In regard to tho practice or receding negro testimony, now for the Aral time la force In this city; and U has been seen with great satisfaction that, so far, the new law has been attended with more than ordinary success, the colored witnesses appear to be rally Impressed with the obligations placed nponlbem, and their evidence baa been geir erally given with an evident desire to tell the whole troth and nothing but the troth. There was but little tendency to prolixity and discursiveness. and the testimony ha?, in the late criminal trials, been clear, intel ligible and to the point. 1 we notice also that Judge Dawkins la as signing the senior members of the Charleston bar to the defence of the colored prisoners who were without counsel, and thev have, in many instances, dlseharßed the dato im posed upon them with the same zeal, Odelity and conscientiousness which have so.lons made the par of Charleston desetrcdlr emi nent for legal ahlllty and personal integrity. Shocking Suicide ol k Prominent Cali fornian* fFrvm the Sun Francisco Times, January 5.1 Yesterday, about a quarter past twelve, our citizens were startled by the announce mem that General C. H. S.frllbams, of the firm of Williams & Churchill, had committed suicide by shooting himself through the head with a pistol. Ow reporter hastened to the place, und found General WiQlamainhls nedtoom, which adjoins his law office, lying upon the floor with his head upon a pillow, a pool of blood surrcuuding It, and with a frightful wound on the back and upper part ot* Ut head. A. number of W» friends and the physician, Dr. KpweU. were already present. Coroner Harris came In and also examined the wound with Dr. Rowell, and they announced that lie could Uvebnt a short time. H« was raoan lirg, and sometimes murmured, ~ un, near me! oh, dear me!” Jndce Dwloelle and Mr. Cook requested him to press their hands u he recognized them, and be did 80. They ~ if *,» had any request to make, ~.n11,-d 'ti the negative by .baking his St'. flappedWt.(ow before iho fatal octho puased through his office, l X „,/partner (Mr. Churchill) and Dr. Bhnrb wer Siting, nod spoke to them In hla r£ and Sisnner. newent Into his S°r,e ffil.. C C WI4 orepoTol 0 repoTol a pMol hotldiog. they mu out uud along tho .naus, but met persona In the same stale ol alarm aud uncertainty with t hums elves. thought It rather singular thatGencral Williams did not come out with them, and Tirocep-li’’* at onc« to his room, found him stretched on the floor on his back, and at hU “ide a Derringer pistol, with which bo had committed the terrible deed. Dr. Rowell and other physicians were ItmncdUlcly *cnt for but they could do nothing for his relief; the'ball had deeply penetrated the bra n.and a great quantity of blood had flowed. He bar on his head at the time the •nft felt hat -which he usually wore, and which la discolored by the pow der and torn by the. pistol hall. •General Williams hoe been suffering a long time from a disease of the liver which fre quently affected his brain, and it was sup- Mied liv some that the act was committed whlld ho was laboring under n lit of tempo rary Insanity arising from that “use. How ercr of lato he has appeared belter, and vesterday morning scorned qnlto cheerful, had his breakfast brought to the office, and converted with visitors and clients as nsnal, and attended to his customary duties. Since his boyhood ho Is said to have suffered at intervals from very severe attacks of nerv ous headache, which tendered him at limes rteUrtnus. 'General Williams was born In New Hampshire* He went from Ihiil Stalolo TU.chester in Now York, where he studied law, slt? the’ late Hon. 'Fletcher M. Haight. About the year 1833, he was admitted to the Supreme Court oi New York, and com menccd tho practice of law iu Cazcnorla. Madison County. New lork, aflcrward at Fredonla and at Buffalo’ In the same State, llccamo to this State In 1853. and rcmAtnod hero practicing law, performing public scr- Ylccs. aud paying some attention to agricul tural matters fill 1801* when ho wont to Washoe, and remained thcrcMlll about a year 000, when ho returned to this city, and has remained here since, lie represented this citv in tho Slots Bennie during onoleriu, and at tho time of his tragical death was President of tho Californio Wine Growers Assoclatloni and ho had devoted coiisUlcrn* hie attention to tCe culture of thrginpc m Sonoma County, where he owned a very largo vineyard. _ _ _ A HTAUVLtVU MUUIIEU. A Voiiiik null HtllrA Inf llpviillntt nil ■ 111 IrtuKMcl. (Kiom (In Trill (N. Y,)T I Jiinnrx an. I Olio 111 Ilium lorrllitu UMiioill™ wliHi ni'l'vi tlmm •iurlln wliiiloi'iininnWkomnl llw (iiiviiiUu I'liinttoiw tir mmmr Im Urn •lull* mill lit liiillitniitliiii minimi Sto.ii wlm imiiw 10. mTliU'f Imuwii lltn, «ii» mmulpil lie tlilni'lly mi Kulurtmy imniinn l««l. Jm'l I'■ Ttinnilimiit llm ".Hi ill ft wlilmii il iiinllitir mt wlmmnll Inula mo tilmil In h Icily «yiiijintliy. n vmiiiu mm ihi im.ro Hum thlily ytnrn nr mill anil ntll Imuft'li In Troy, mi nut mini tnilillii (lirmiiilitiito, ol llm nnrly, iiinnit ulna o'clock, imwcVml)' cluil him! klllvil i homns 11. Mnllry, IfteonHlneorol llm llntikln tHenm or Company. The adult In one of I m most tor* I title itml cyrvoccnml In Troy. Both young men widowed! known—promlnonUhftraolcirs in the clty-aftd tip lo Uus very m'mioat of tti«* frnulomTiiriHjnow had been on terms of orrlM friendship, Ihmiuli never Intimacy. Thomy-on, with life mother, mn n whole* iiilo fMitt nnd oyster dealer on I bird .nroo!, nnd Hulto* WomKtllon with the lire d'Wt* tuvnt hrd given him proydncuco In Urn city And made him knownto, ns lot miolo blm««lr icspcctwd by,ft very portion of oureUl r<Tb«t remote cause oftlw murder waaau Insult given by Thompson to Uttlloy'* «Uuw, Mt»» Joann* liftboy* utetwher la unit of ibo public schools of ibo city, and a yoimglady ol the verv highest reopen lability, and tin* mi nt excellent association* In society. Too more direct cause ol the eet la raw-Thomp tun beinff At the time of lie commission lotnu. what uncer Urn Influence oP Uanor, though not by any niesnstlrunk In the fullest accep tation. W« t *ll!'speak of the more direct i cause flret. Formerly. Thompson’* propen. litv lo drink brake out in frequent scenes of drtauchery and- revel, but about eighteen i months ago he signed the pledge, and up to ViUbln the past Meek or two he led a perfect I sober ond temperate life. The heart of bis widowed mother was cheered by the work of reformation, and the promise U-Raveof a life of \u-tlulrc£a aud hunor to her son, who, i when be was Joel B. Thompson, wos gene* rons. kind-hearted and courteous-in his dc- i mcanoiiiowards all. But the promise was broken at last. The fatal cup was again fcdztd, and like hundreds and thousands of others, its victim fell, ne T cr to rise again On this total occasion of intoxication. Thompeou met MUaßailey with a lady friend on Riverstreet, and placing his hands before his mouth somewhat In the shape of a tun . ncl, blew a discordant sound Into Mlaaß.’s ear. She turned upon him and remarked, “That to not very gentlemanly,'. r when Thompson replied with a foul and vulgar ex pression. The lady passed on and soon re turned home. Here she found-her brother, Thomas. The young lady detailed •the cir cumstances of the Insult to her brother, who, without remark, left the house. It was not the nature of Tom. Bailey to pass an In suit to himself or fnend Uzhtly by. He closed the door—left his young'wife—aud tiftcen minutes afterwards was a corpse! Bailey passed down the street—hto resi dent wps No. 85 North Third street—to the 1 Rankin engine bouse, where he met John i Law, the drlvcr.of the company, andiasked him “ to take a walk.” - The two proceeded down River street, and onthe way Mr.-Bailey explained to Law the losult to-his sister, aud that ho Intended simply- to caution Thompson not to do It again.. Mr- Law very properly declines to state until he to sworn what transpired after this conversa tion and up to the commission of the fatal act; but from a variety of circumstances we iKJlievo this will appear in evidence: That Bailey manifested no ill will towards Thomp son, and that he playfully attempted to throw bis companion into a snowbank along the street—a procecdicg riot in harmony wit b the idea ot a desperate frame of miud on Lis part; that the two friends called at the Crystal, Griswold and Miles’ saloons; but did i not see Thompson, and were proceeding back to the engine bouse, Bailey remarking 1 he could see him any other time, when they . n ached the junction of Grand Division and , River streets, aud Bailey discovered the ob ject ot his search on the opposite side of the street, nearly In front of the Ronalds House, i on the spot where the murder occurred. Ea'.ley and Law passed across the street, I Bailey in advance, and the former met > Thompson face to face. I Now, the evidence la likely to prove con- I dieting. IVbat transpired that one moment of the meeting and at the time of the shot to of the most awful consequence to Thompson as It was to Bailev. Mr,. Bailey, as we have auid, was attended by Law, There was at least one person, ifeot two. with Thompson, whose names have been studiously kept In the background. These men, we are Informed, are prepared lo swear that Mr. Bailey, on approaching Thompson, seized him by the cobar, remarking, A I have been looking fur yon: I wiii learn you, to insult my sister and slapped him across the face with his hand, knocking Thompson’s hat off his bead and upon the gronnd. Mr. Law was In rear of Bailey a fool or two. Before be bad got up to the contending parties the words had been spoken, the pistol drawn and dto-- charged, and he came up Just In time to re ceive the falling form 01 the murdered man.. “Thompson, you have shot me,” were the ordy words of poor Bailey, as he fell back into the arms of Law. He never spoko strain. Thompson, In a moment, sobered.by the shot and comprehending Us terrible ef fect, exclaimed: “Tom, 1 didn’t mean to hit von ; I would not have fired If you, had not*s»mck me.” . , ... The dying man was Immediately picked tvpbv Law. Mr. Ronalds aud others, and conveyed within the Ronalds House, where ht was laid upon the floor nnd In about five minutes expired. Dr. I’rclot was In attend ancc, but of course could do nothing for the unfortunate man. . , Captain John Toy, a boatman, was In the Ronalds House at the time of tbo shooting, and rushed out and secured Thompson and bonded biro over toOtllccr George UalcUkm, of the Second Precinct, who took the raur derer Into custody. He mode no resistance, bnl went quietly to the station house. The nows of the murder spread like wild fire through tbo city. Wm. Bailey, a brother of the deceased, wa* sitting In the Rankin sunnier house, when a messenger-came rush ing In, exclaiming, “Tom Is shot I” The brother Immediately rushed lo the scene oil the trnpsdy, hut arrived only as the dying , man’s eves weto closing In death. Tim | mother, Mrs. Hailey, had been lo market for , a supply uf provisions, and was return rig luntic when she cnccounlcrcd the crowd that was assembling in the vicinity oflho tragedy. Bho Inquired of ft stranger tbo cause ol the excitement. "A man has boon shot,'* was the re ply. A gentleman who knew her said (n ft* kindly accents a» he could, “Mrs. Itoifey, your son Ton U shot I” TfiC poor woman dropped her market bosket to the ground, aud rushed oil'to the room where her murdered son lay. Ho looked as il ho was quietly sleeping—those manly features u Utile tinged with the paleness of death, but otherwise the expression was calm and natural, and gave no visible sign of pale In the transition from life to death. Tbo seme that ensued when the mother arrived aud paw the corpse of her son, beggars do scripilou. We will draw a veil over It and overtheagony of the poor mother as see gave vent to her grief in the wildest lamen -1 tattoos aud every sign of wretchedness and o woe. id Projected Ballroad from Joncarllle to (Grand Mlehlgua. (From the Detroit Advertiser and Tribune* Feb ruary!.] An adjourned meeting of citizens io con sider the question of a railroad from Jones vllle to Grand Rapids, by way of this place, was held at the Court Rouse on the evening ot the SQth nit. The meeting was largely at tended. Committees were present from Jonefevllle, Litchfield and Homer. Speeches were made by Hon. W. J. Bitter, ot Joces vllle; G. H. French, of Homer; Mr, 'Woolley, of Marshall; Mr. Monroe, of Joneaville, and others. The people of Jonesvlllo offer to get ready for the iron four miles of the road and subscribe £55,000. This brines tho road to the line of the township of Litchfield. The people of that vicinity will grade the road through their town and give something be sides.' It remains for the citizens of Homer* Eckford and Marshall to construct the re maining twelve miles from Homer to this place. The road-bed from Homer to Jones ville has been partially prepared by the old “Ramshorn” Company. The franchises of this defunct institution south of Lansing hav ing been transferred to anew company known as the Northern Central of Michigan. It will be necessary cither to buy that road-bed and right of way, or enter Into some sort ofnego tlatlons by which the same track can be used by both companies. The two rentes would then divide at Homer, the one laklnga north easterly coarse through Lansing to the Sagi caw Valley, and finally northward to the Grand Traverse region,while the other branch would take a northwesterly course through Marshall, Bellevue, Hastings and Grand Rapids. A committee of five was appoint ed to obtain the passage of an enabling act . authorizing the towns along the line to vote f aid to the project. The following are the r members of the committee : 8. »• Lacey, Marshall: W. J. Baxter, JooesviUc ; George H. French, Homer: J. il. Marzo, Litchfield; Wm. 11. Brown, Marshall. A committee of eight on organization was then appointed as follows: C. F. Dibble. George Ingcrroll, Marshall; J. Wade. Joncsvlilo; E. R. Smith, Homer; O. F. Crandall, Litchfield; J. H. Sweczey, Hastings ; M. S. Brackett und John Evans, Bellevue. A temporary organization will be Immediately effected, and hooka for the taking of stock opened at different points along the'route. THE BECOShTUTJCriOS OUESTXOS IS COSGKESS. " nr. Stevens’ Leadership. (From the Boston Adveilisor, January 33. J The blow struck at the leadership of Mr. Stevens In the House of Representatives, by referring the moat Important measure of the session to a committee of which ho is chair man Is no doubt mild, hut it may be enough for the occasion. It is at least sufficient to show the determination of a largo section of the dominant parly not to have this great question of reconstruction settled by a scheme devised in the councils of one manja mind, and put through under the lash of his sarcasm anu In obedience to bis imperious will, but to have the solution of the grave problem fairly considered and matured by the proper body, and brought forward in Congress and before the country upon some definite and responsible authority, as the best result to be reached by united effort. Mr. Stevens' leadership, as wc have more than once 1) mi occasion to show. Is a aupor elllion rallier Ilian a fact. He has blled on | the most critical question to bend the llouso to his views, nod has In repealed Instances, and to hi: great chagrin, seen It strike oil Into courses which he resisted with almost fanatical determination. This failure on hla part to wield tho commanding inttucncc to which he has aspired, and which his polUleal onponcots have mischievously claimed for him, has on tho whole been fortunate ; for few men In Congre-s are more completely destitute of the qualllleswhlch should char acterize a leader of a great party, although It may he that lew have more of tho quali ties which enable a man to seize a temporary control. He has neither tool Judgment, nor a sagacious comprehension, nor tho Intel lictiml anthurlly of u great mind, nor even a proper self-respect, llohasspcincd lolend, however—-slid It may be admitted that to n certain ctlcnt ho has led—[br ibe simple reason that, whether his onnolnslona are well nasoned or not, ho knows what be wonts, Willie lire mass around him do not. [lent c men of re trustworthy Indumoot than bo bare nothing to opt rue i to h » sharply-do. lined scheme* e.teopl wot .ennsblorcjl dbnbls. Peiliaps bo Im* been ready In rn<li jn where angola might (ear In Ironil. but ho Im* boon ready—ready and willing In lake tha rmjinii albllliy nf making dlalhiel prnpnslllona, whlla ollieta liari bean reluctant In onnimlt Ihemaalees In anything pnaltlen at an lni|*e. laid a jnnolnra, And naturally onnngli, Ilia (Inallugnmtorlalnf tho Kunsoam agn.n d"«t id Unit In Ilia country at largo has line'll willing In follow (lira Idm Wia iniiii wlm Im; Inrnnnl dellidlo vlewa and Is ready In itnnd hy them ■ at af " . .mrurda I . . ... .1 | R now Ivli In nnorrlnlnty whdhcr wo ihnll Imvo any ■lcn'ilvn legislation on Inn subject of reeonitniclhm at this hm> oh. Mr. Hterrim, Indeed, 1» raid l» bava resolved not In call louellicr llio connnlUoo which wan rnUednt hl» Instance, tut to sllllo Ihosiib h-et until ho ilmls nioru I'lluni malcrial In Ibn Kmllelh Contes#. Wo lake 11, howev er, Unit tlicfo in sulllelent power lnthe House of Htprcsrnlatlves to kor|i llio control nMU own luplca of laiiUlnlluti. nml mil lu Imvu Ilium Uni, Held iimliT U* Jlri i'lloii uf uiiy mm m»n. U M mil fur Mr, Plcvnn or l»r *njlmil* ol.c Hum to pui'katHm xruiil «ul>- Irut nr rrrmi.trurllmi nml put It lio* juml ttm retell ut tlm llim.r ot ulliim wliim llioiumilry U luipullcnt Inr arlloii. «"l« nniluii. Hint Ilia iimjurliy aliauli ilMnally •«y wUtVlt will Uu fur Ilia uri;anl/«Hi>n nml rr.lomllaii of Ilia doiilli. Ami «runt«. Uuf"- foro, triad to sen It retried that thu other mtinUctaof'tha comwtlteo pioprue l» I ot once and to report mono measure at law ■chhluii. Certainly, If they are wlio either for I heir owirorthe public Interest, they will nentolt that the settlement of thU preitl (location l< not delayed by any man’* f»c tlmis conduct, and will themselves lake the responsibility ol dcddlmr speedily upon some dcllnlta source, thus showing that If they repudiate the leadership of Mr, Stevens, H U because tiny ore not only restive under j hli arbitrary rule, but sro able to dowUu | outU. A. WAU\ A 2U(tlc Girl S*VedlVom a Wrfck-Her Parentage Unknown. rprom the Courier February 5.1 A minister of tbhreity, Just returned ironr a visit to Missouri, Informs us ibai there te at Palmyra, in that State, a little girl, re* markedly interesting and beautiful, who la witboat doubt considered dead by her rela tfons. The little thine has often went for •* mamma,” and wondered why she docs not come for her, and perhaps there are bereaved hearts that have listened In vain for her-own childish accents, and recalled the vision of her Infant beauty with the sad thought that it will be reen no more. The history of this lovaly waif is indeed a toixhlnsr sttry; foe It la sad to think o? the heartache- of< a child hopelessly se parated from home and fnends and left, like some teiidar flower untimely plucked-.from the parent stem, to wither in the world’s cold charity- We therefore make nubile what we here learned of this history, l» the hope that It may lead to her recognition by the survivors of a family which seems tohave been burdened with sorrow by war an&othcr calamities. There are Indications thstwblle both of the child’s parents have been proba bly cut off, tl ere are others living who, if they knew the-facts, would joyfully - it-claro themselves the natural protectors of--Ae lit tle orphan. , ~ , At the doss-of the late war, lb will be remembered, that there was a succes sion of steamboat accidents- 30 the Mississippi, in which the • loss of life surpasscd-stl the horrors recorded in the annals of the-Westcru waters. In the midst of the confusion succeeding one of these dreadful accidents below Vlcksbcrg, when nearly all on board had perished,.* :omo men diew out of the water the apparently lifeless form of a little girl, and being satisfied by an inspection that all was over, left It on a sand bank close to the wreck. An officer of the Federal army was attracted by the beauty of the little child, and while gazlcg upon it observed a motion of the limbs, which ex cited his hope that life might not be extinct, lie immediately applied the usual restora tive expedients, and with? success. But on tbs boat which brought off the sur vivors, no one could give any clue to the parentage of the child. All hi&snbsequcnt efforts were equally vain. Fora longtime after the close of the war, the absence of mails and the general condition of affairs in the South rendered the successful prosecu tion of Inquiries In that direction imoosrihle. lie, therefore, took his little protege with him to the North. Her name, as nearly as it could he ascertained from her childish articulation, was “Jennie-Hanson.” Her drees betokened a family in good circtim stances, which was farther confirmed by allusions In her childish prattle to “the carriage,” &c. She was-too young to tell the name of her parents, but her allu sions to “pa” and to the killing of the former, suggested the inference that her father was a Confederate officer, who was killed in the war, and that her mother was one of the vlotims of the steamboat, .disaster. _ ..... The Federal officer who saved the litt-Q. girl’s llle gave her to the Rev. Mr. Finley, who was then, we believe, a chaplain in the orrov, and took a. great fancy to the child. He took her to his home in Palmyra, where she Is treated with much kindness and affec- tion. Our infjiiuant thinks that the good man’s attachment Is so strong that be. has made do great effort to find a person who would be likely to take her Irom him. Any theory of the child’s family connec. tlous ioundi-d. upon her own prattle may be very much at taull, but we hope that every one who reads this statement will call to it the attention of any person they know of who has last any such relatives by a, steam boat accident on the Mississippi. Mr. Finley, or the officer alluded to, can tarnish} the name of the boat and perhaps other facts un* known, to us, which may lead to.the Identifi cation oftbc child’s family. A Tremendous Kariliquaks at Fort Klamath, Oregon, The Orcgun Srnllnrt publishes the follow* tog latter From Fort Kiumstb, dated January Bth, giving the particulars of a fearful earth* quake In that locality: We have singular If not serious news to scud by lUo express Just leaving. Tins tuorulug at daylight wo wore startled from bUoj> by a precipitate shock of an earthquake, Immediately followed by a noise as oi distant thunder. But in ain lie while quiet reigned; every uno was cunvurs* ln« and laughing heartily over the singular phenomenon, hut our countenances soon nn* derwent a ccrlous change, (hr It began to grow dark s the whole heavens were Tull ot a very black smoko or cloud; the wr had n sulphurous smell, mid ashes of a brownish color tell as fast as I ever saw U snow. \Vo had to nsc candles In the mess-room. Tim moil ol us went Into breakfast, hut had only got fairly Into our seals when, honor upon horror I the cuitb seemed rolling like waves upon the ocean. Every one wos thrown to the floor, and only n g-dned their feet to be placed again In the same situation. With the rattling of dUbt*, crashing of window glass, cracking of Umbers of the building, und the scream* of frightened boys, you could not Imagine a move perfect chaos. Some o! ua gained the doer, and such a eight os met uur gaael The tall vinca around the fart setmed lashing themselves into fury. The wagons in front of Iho stable were engaged In pitched battle; horses and cattle lying crouched upon the ground, uttering moat pltlfnl moans; dogs howling, and the un earthly yells of the Klamath Indians en camped n ear the fort, completed the scene. Wc imagined we were amidst the wreck of matter and the crush of worlds. The ant ler’s store was thrown about twenty feet its former position. There were no lives lost and no serious accidents to anyone; tnere were quite a number with braised shins and skinned noses. No serious damage to any of the buildings, all being log and frame bouses; bat I do not think there is a whole pane of gloss left at the post. There are many speculations os to the cause of this most singular freak of nature, but most of us are of the opinion that a vol cano has broken loose near the Klamath marsh.asacontlnuons dark volume of smoke is seen ascending In that direction. Some of the soldiers have volunteered to go up and find out if we have a monster vomiting are near ns tor not. There was about half an hour between the first and second shocks. The first was only perceptible; the second lasted, as near os can be judged from various opinions, from two to three minutes. Suicide of a Grain Boyer at Davenport, lows. fFrom the Davenport Gazette, February 1.1 t ast evening, about sis o’clock, Mr. Al bcrtJndd, a (fralnbnjer, employed by Sir. DA Bonowf. committed snlclde by taklne oreaslcacid. The act was accomplished in a room at the house on the northwest comer of Third and Brady streets, which for a num ber of years has been occupied by Mrs. Julia A Judd, as a boarding house. It ap pears that the deceased, who was a carriage trimmer by trade, removed with bis wife and child from Milford, Con necticut, to this city, some ten years ago, and fora long time worked at Andrews’ carriage (ketory. He quit working at his trade three or four M«n btyinff Emin for dilfcS ‘“"h® TJnfnrlm ji.Yy Sc to „ fel penle habits, arul ai,l notUnt >“«■ I.nrlinE bis ,'ainily, wbicli C1 ‘ >'™Jri, l * pelUli-n for ana ul.tain a dhS. 5 ’fr®- at tie last term of the Ul.tr’°tc? , " 1:s *9 that OTcnt Mr. Jodd has, i oil at the bonse kept by to,® I’- 1 ’- rooming with tbeir son Ejt/.j®'"!® seventeen years of age. A a --%S Mrs. J. disposed of her boarding» 6i: mH Mr. Tolle, who was to morning. Arrangements tslnment to the boarders had L.‘, last evening. For several dav s acted rather singularly, and faa'd u.u ,f roestlcs that be ‘‘would do somn-J; , long that would aalonlsh them " “be would never leave th» On Wednesday evening he wentVt-B Island and returned considerably jnv- •• His ton saw him have a little pWT‘' v « thing, and tried to get U from him V--* • not. Yesterday afternoon, Mrs f »' Judd that it would be necessary f wt vocate his room and go to the hole’ ‘V' H family to whom she had sold out r.ttx « rooms. He went up stain, and time after, was fouud lying upon the • ’iß the room In a partially «,:* M his son, who Immediately called Dr I *i 'M Baker, who did all that could led 'rit 11 ! without avail. In a few mumVij \f r 'V r E was dead. * MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. The collon cellmates now comt.v. a total product of 1,730,0. x) bales hundred pouds each. 1 The citizens of Savannah talk of c a canal of eight miles along u tc . c ., 44 . Ing four hundred miles of inland im to steamers of four tcct draft. A large wholesale denier in I.'ir ( jr, r presented tlic Drtty win. a that cost f 55,000, as a token *.f tlir ain-..‘. lion of the benefit he has duhciV'fl advertising In that paper. ‘ s t| The average dally travel r.n tin Ph'-Uhill pfiia street railways Is about 13o»»»i *..- r4 ‘‘K gaow drifts arc thlrly feel lifzb „ Pt iM Alleghany Mountains. 'IS The death of the honcrkhlcrol'T^iiv v ,E Koltulftatt Koliauupatiohaluil j H KeoluckalaUl Kapuuhea, net'iW-r r.f „H . House of Nobles, Privy Oom-d :mv»,.’lS Knight Companion ol the ur-hr*'! Ki -ifl lmtiielia,la aniimiueed. ' II Uu Sunday evening, January "Tth, ~JJ Evansville, ind., u mull ««« i< -m-i t,. ...„|9 Stiff llO Wtt»Ntillut 'n'Kfi,o linth hands to hi* tars ami appaii'Mi't ml.jE Tlio hurst* wiUMtimtlng still, shiv i?v« V B euhi, ami hail evldcbllv heeii «.vni-i tli al ha d drlvitiir. _ . n Thu Uiiei'U nf.ipfllu reevully guv* » w... J mo* of her ord"H ol thlvalry i I'-n- • sin- iihmlu a emitlu actor, iiiimm iI i .1 eomil de Melina, and gave him a l"ii I lutidllgfiieu has hist been ri" i <>hr l )..i 11 l lee shove, nnisliiH wry seilmia ii < »uli«sv*i| lliifis. All llldtaii vlll.igo, sUly iuth-<n|.»J HI, l.nwrcnci', mi Ilia Aiiivrh'su fioail-r, ;t,| Ira shoved over a largo |«itlnflhe ti'>| snhtiirrglfig It. It occurred during the mil and Hie (•ousteriialiotilMieacrllH'daadn .ii.'J Home of the villagers dimed up and !<*• .i| in trees. Many had (milling to eat i ,J Wlmln day. The Indians, It li said, imwi« llislr all, and are lying on straw wttti<*ur *?] covering. Tito degree of mlasry van .1 1 sm li a Hood lit inld-wliiUr, emi aeun h , realised, and an appeal U made tu ,M- i.i ..I "'Tim Flirlmhuhtia tlm tnort wlili'iv nr-Jt Ifllml iwiirr In tlrrtimnjf It ti> imi.ii.vili m vuMVrooiiimiis lUornluro win art nn) • ; ciii’C and with |»lolurp4,/Vmii i»*.- -r,i f tic tut and pencils of UvniMtiy, ia| f„ 5(0,000 subscribers* .... „ Tim Iwt plan for bridging I|n» H-wtl;..* between S«’vr York and Hmoblyn, i. i.. l.w two Mi»in'M»lnn l*i ero’Slmt Hk* r„, r ; U,y controt onn l<* no used fur rum.,.-, #.,4 •1 liorne curs, and tho other f*r foot i>v It In estimated Ihcso bridges could (*• i.u t .9 In turri’ years and fnr sil,i'ou l ou»b» k 9 Durinu Iho snow hlockadu tlm rmll.iitn Providence, 11. )., jnit up tho price to t»vui.h'l live cent* ft quirt. . [1 Frauds Taylor, of South Ma.-fnil rut, .v.;> E.J to Hartford. Wednesday. on hi-* wy *.» \u, la eniivUlo, bet 1* ho was to W nuvrri. -41-1 ban not been sewn since. Thu cliukli 41 u e l 3 cuttvillu was crowded with guest* 41 n, ra time appointed* for the ceremony '.mitjtß bridegroom ban yet appeared, nor lu». h |» been been since his mystcrionsdbnpmrs*'* kS at tho depot, Wednesday night. Taylor Ufa served an enlistment in the SlxtevL'.li 1 ui. Be j.ccllcat regiment, und temporary li::».Rjrt:» fw the only explanation ot tue singulur irt'ij Ten million yard# of cotton print!* urn made at the Cocheto Mills at Hover, X, li. * last year. f£ The lives of three children whs were I ur*! JB la a snow drift at Ctloueoter, -Ma.-*s., v**A i*9 before last, while going home I’mm rd-!, *3| were saved by the barking of a deg, IM brought help to tbcplncc.llionghthvyi ua;.-** stets were nearly frozen to death Iteforc they OT were rescued. ' gSa At the tollc and : Fork M:inufac;nrjr ma Works, at Shelbonrne Falls, Mass., a tor..;* stael and more Is used daily, and over liV/m) 01 «bln hones per month. As a result nftFa «| consumption, SI gross of knives und Juris Sr at an average value of about $3,000, arc pn> daced dally. j It is said that the microscope reveal# ti* 1 evidence of a small hlacls spot of the dnia-\ eter-of a pln’s head in the potato. email space can ho detected some two hue- t,' drt-ci ferocious animals of-coleopterie f- rra, Syw ’which bite and tear each other with cortin nedfury. Is this the potato disease? A torpedo, of a mapnetl-x character, till would be drawn to the bottom of any iroa »•*' vcss2l passing, is discussed. DOMESTIC IC3ES. A.lte at Canton, 111., on Tuesday mom. S. Inff last, destroved four Blares; damages, I ; $1(5,C00. . t A Canadian Frenchman. nvmed GonyoAtu, v 1 with his wile and three ebiMren, attempted to cross the Detroit River, In a sleiah, ob I Thursday last. When within a hundred the Canada shore, where the water sweeps in a rapid current, the torse stumbled » and the Ice cave way beneath him. A step > forward. and he was floundering among " broken, pieces of Ice; a lunge and the occa pantaof the sleigh were with-him in tba it;-" The struggle was but for a motur-m. The current carried the horse beneath iht Ice, and with a wild, despziriuir shriek, lather, mother and two of the children were '4| swallowed up In the watery tomb. A saloon-keeper named Frank was murdered by some dnmkeu rowdies, ia . v ; ; Alliance, Ohio, on Monday evening last. The Green Bay (Wls.) Acir<vu.v ha* holstco -v ? , the name of Abraham 11. Lee, of Prairie da £ Kosher, fur the next Presidency. % The Fan Claire (Wls.) Fref Frets notes aa unusual fatality among horses in mat vicinity. It says: “ During the past few weeks several i horses owned In this vicinity,.have died very l suddenly, and some of them very mysterl- V outly, Last Thursday a man hailing from Hiuneeota was going Into the woods w ith his ; team, when one ot them fell dead a abort du- t tance this side of Chippewa Falls. Friday, a. farmer residing near Seven-Mile Crt-ek, came Into town with a load of wood, and on i returning, one of his horses showed signs of . colic, end lay down on the hill just above Chapman & Thorpes boarding house, in r ;i«onh Ean Claire. lie was soon on his feet >V again, and travelledjahont live mile* further, lu ■when he fell dead lu. tAe road. Saturday, £■ Mr. Gilbert, of the firm of Gilbert Bros., Vel- £ low River, was returning irom a visit to bis 5 mills on that stream, when his horn: suddenly & ieared up and fell dead alongside el the * ‘ road a short distance above town. Nether ’ the horse of Mr. Gilbert, nor the flr.-t summit ,\ mentioned, bad shown any sign* of sickness until they dropped dead ** ‘ The large hrlc&gyocery store of Mr. Milch ell, at East Saninaw, Mich., w»s« deslrojed s by lire on Thursday last. Loss t Coal has been discovered in the vicinity of ‘ - the town of Ellsworth, In Kansas, which U reported or lair ouallly. A company has . been organized, with a capital of SMCfO b» c - develop the vein, and further explorations f; are progressing in that region. An attempt was made a few days since to assassinate John P. C. Whitehead, Jr., W Heitor General for the Middle Judicial Clr- •* cult of Georgia, by three villains, who h«- came alarmed before they bad Ontshed Cf>r murderous deed, and (led. The flourishing Utile town of Tama, lowa, shipped 11,240.810 pounds of freight to Chi cago during the past three tropins. VI The Idaho Lniifslnttirc has passed nMR , i . appropriating $300,000 for the support and uululenauce ol Catholic schools lu that Ter- * Ths LoCrossC Jtepubtfain estimates that r five hundred teams cross the Mississippi River, at that place, dally. Two thousand hulUtmgs were creeled in Ruflnlo last year, at aa expense of about I |i,OW,OW. PERSONAL ITEMS. tfennlor K.T. Vrellnghnyicn, of Now J* r* Miy, In tbo third of hi* muuo who has win i»U*d ttio position. (Joni»ni Hood baa dtrcotod the " Komi ll«tnc*Uad Kund” to bo turned orer lo ih« Churrli, saying that bo con corn hit own JlVitlff, Mr*. McTavbb, who died In Baltimore on Saturday, ws* not only a grand-daughter of CUarU* Carroll, or Carrollton, hnt was a *!*• ter of Hie late Marchioness ol Well wley, and of l.ody Stafford, tliosUtcr-lndaw of the late Puke of Wellington. Her only son. Charles Carroll McTsvUh, Is married ta a daughter of the late General Winfield Scott. The Purl* papers announce that M’llelior tenee Nevcnx, “delivered from un amiable embonpoint, which has kept her off the stage lor aearly nine xnontbs/Ms about to reap pear at the Palais Royal. Dr. Hunter lately offered the London /Wy Seve six hundred guineas—equivalent to more than four thousand dollars of cur eur ■ rency—fer the Insertion of six letters in rela lallon to his method, of treating disease* oi the longs. TheJWrs declined the offer, cause Dr. Hunter (or bis agent) required the letter to appear under the caption " commu nicated," instead of “advertisement” James and Alfred were two good boys, who bad little ships, and James’ snip sailed, over the pond. Alfred was so glad that he a’kcd James to dinner and they bad gingerbread- So James offered to give Alfred hU little ship as a proof that all James* countrymen ■were so glad Alfred had given him sacn a nice dinner. But Alfred wouldn’t take the little ship because It was too good for him. and so both boys were glad, and hoped tb«r families would never quarrel.—-\w iorK Tribune. Famine In Italy. The Gazette de France, asserts that great destitution prevails throughout Italy. lately recorded that at Venice, out ot UO.COO inhabitants, 30,000 are. reeertmi assistance from public charity. y> e ha ve n '' laled the commencement of a crisis at > eroua- In the Island of Sardis bi the pedants JJa reduced to eat herbs and roots uko wu beasts. The Sardinian Journals team barrowing narratives of the distress that pre vails, and were we so minded we con*a a mu. nnfofd that would make our readers shodJcr. “Hunger in Italy,” “ Hnng« thewdef ot the day,” such are the titles of cles of iho Journals of Turin .jjjjj ß n C d The Fuovo ZHrtho adjures the Deputies •»£ Ministers to save the country, not by idle discussions on great European Questions, but bv dealing with tho more pressing of breau meat and fuel* In one nhMßfl the Uniia Cattolicm characterizes this situation: “ Italy la hungry from the Alps to Adriatic."