Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, February 6, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated February 6, 1867 Page 2
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€l)tcajgo tribune. DAILY, TBI-WEEKLY AND WEEKLY. OP Fli% No. 31 CLAKK-BT. Tb-teare itre* wtU*OBB of theTxntnra issued- Ist. >en mmtßf, fbr circulation by earners, censes a-r -hemalU. *d. TheTm-WKxaxr. Mondays, Wed •rwUys and Fridays, -or th* malls only; and tbs Wvxsxt. os Thursdays, forth* malls and tala at oar oenter and by newsmen. Tpff. «ribe Chlcan Tribune: rani delivered la the aty «« Dally, to mall subscribers (per assam, rtyablVinwlTaacc) 0.00 Weekly.(perannum.payab.e loadTanecl «»UO pr Fractlosa! parts ot the year at the same rate*, pr pewsij nmltuox am ordenac five or core coplra of either the Itt-Weckly or Weekly editions cay retain tea per cen'. ol the subscription price as a commission. Konm ro Scwcamra.—ln ordering the address Oi your papers chanced, to prevent delay, be sure and iro'ii* wtatedition yon use—Weekly, Tri.Weekly, or Pali/. Also. ctvryonrrßXscbTandfntnre addreu XT Money, by Draft, Kxpreat, Money orders, ortn !;• c Uicrrd Letters, may be sent at our rlik. Adireta, TRIDCNK CO- Chicago, 111. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 6,1567. AM'CKW JOUNSON’S PLAN, The plan of reconstruction said to have been agreed upon by Mr. Johnson and the South ern Governor*, to which vre referred yester day. is published. It consists of the Consti tutional Amendment proposed by Congress last year, ntfjiiing the clause disqualifying rebels from holding office, and addhijapro vision glvipg the right of suffrage to all persons. Irrespective of color, who cau read ard write, and who own properly to the amount of This latter provision, how ever, is not to be embraced in the Constitu tion of the United States, but to be incorpor ated In each of the State Constitutions. When the people went to the ballot-box, lust fall, and gave their verdict by unprece dented majorities, they did not merely con demn Mr. Johnson's reconstruction policy: tlicy demanded reconstruction at the hands of Congress on the principles of justice. Had the great contest of 180(1 been a mere quarrel between the President and Congress on unimportant issues, it would have been regarded with Indifference. It was because the peo ple believed that the cause of Congress was the same fur which our soldiers fought, and that Mr. Johnson was In league with the trillion nod rebels of the South, that they went to the l*allot-bux and gave the victory to Congress. Persona! considera tions they held as nothing In the presence of the peril which hung over the country. It was because Mr. Johnson had betrayed them that they condemned him ; U was he* < nmr they believed that Congress would bo billhhd that they sustained It. These hoj-rs nn.l expectation*, It seems, nru n<>t to bu milked. Instead of addressing tliiinsi hce to the tusk assigned them by lh<-lr ronslltuents and Imperatively do* mumbd by the eondltl.ui of tho country, wo ur a majority of our representative* wasting their time In menace* which have grown dU* gnMlt.g because of their emptiness, and de uring new schemes to extort money from 1 he people to enrich the mouopolkts. Andrew John*OH Is not blind to the condi tion Of affair*, lie has Uncovered at last that 1 1- was actually beaten befiiru the couutry in t lu-lute elections, and ho has learned the i< atons why. This Is made evident by the unwonted decorum bu baa borne dining tho present session, by his respectful tone toward Congress, and his reticence on public affairs, except when Jie f jH'aks officially. lie sees that the power Is with the people of the North, and that the sentiment of the nation Is in favor of man hood suffrage. And In tho utter and Igno u inlous failure of Congress to carry out the popular will, he secs the colden opportunity to retrieve his fallen fortunes, to regain, in some measure, the respect he has forfeited, and to outflank Congress by doing himself w hat he knows the people waul, but which Congress is too cowardly or too rapacious to 4 pve them. We warn Congress that the peoplcjcire rot a fig who gets the credit of reconstruc tion, so that reconstruction Is effected on found principles and a just and permanent basis. Had they supposed that Mr. John son would accomplish the work, they would Lave sustained him by as largo majorities as those by which they condemned him. If they should now find that Mr. Johnson and not Congress is, after all, to be the instru ment for the accomplishment of their wishes, they would Immediately abondoj Congress and support the President. ' Mr. Johnson seems already to have begun his flank movement. There Is little doubt that he has agreed to recommend negro suf frage as obovo described, and that the propo sition ts already in tbe hands of tbs South ern Governors. This proposition falls far short of the views of the Republican party; for it is evident that the properly qualifica tion would exclude nearly all the loyal blacks, and would leave the governmental power of the South where it has always been, In tbe hands af a landholding aristoc racy. Yet it would be heller than nothing; and If the people are compelled to choose between a half-way scheme and no scheme— between a small measure of justice and uo jubilee at all, they will give their sympathies to the party which goes farthest in the right direction. Congress offers ns nothing. It leaves the while Unionists of the South ex; osed to the assas sin's knife, and tho freedmea to bo scourged at the whipping post, and sold into slavery. And not content with neglecting the duty assigned to it by Us constituents, It further invokes the maledictions of the country by a tariff bill as fatal to the commercial pros perity of the nation as the rebellion itself. Mr. Johnson thus sees his double opportune ty. By vetolug this iniquitous measure, hq can at once place himself in the position of a champion ol the people agaiusU corrupt and oppressive monopolies. By securing the adoption even ol qualified negro suffrage In the South, he anticipates Congress ; for that body has not proposed suffrage for lh.‘ negro I mderat.y circumstances. But will the South adopt Mr. Johnson’s plan ? That depends on the necessity of the i use. They will not, we arc satisfied, adopt negro suffrage rofon/arffy, In any shape or form. The South will accept just what she Is compelled to accept—nothing more. Tho South Is respectful to power, and obedient to power. It makes no difference whether that power Is enthroned at the Capitol or at the Executive Mansion. Negro suffrage In uny form or shape will lie accepted just as toon as Power shall say to them “You must take It." Now, If Andrew Johnson stys this word tlrsi, he will, whatever may he Ids motive, receive a large share of tho applause which tho people have long been waiting to b'etow upon Congress, but which Congress lias Mindly and perversely refused to merit. We do not by any means endorse the plan which, it Is said, Mr. Johnson has agreed upon, as a finality- The proj*crty qualifica tion will defeat one of the main ends had In view by the advocates of Impartial suffrage, via.: the building up of a loyal party and a loyal power In the South. Moreover, we can not agreelo make negro suffrage dependent upon the caprice of the several Southern Slates. If adopted In their State Constitu tions, as proposed, It might be immediately repealed by a change in their Constitutions- It must be pal on a sorer foundation. When we are going to the trouble of amending the Constitution of the United Slates, let the Mintage question also be put ou board that ark, w itli the other things which arc to close up the rebellion and bring permanent peace to the country. Yet, notwithstanding Its defects, Andrew Johnson will surely carry the next National I election on this plan os aealnet anything which Congress has yet offered to us. The difference between the two plans is that the ! President offers an extension of the auf. Jrage to the blacks, while Congress proposes n contraction of tlio right of office-holding to rebels. We would be glad to have both; but It Is to be borne in ralad that the spirit of justice always lives and grows iu the breasts of the people, while the spirit of re. venge gradually and surely dies. Indeed, it was to meet and anticipate this tendency of tbe i*coplc to forget their injuries, that Con gress provided a way to remove the disabili ties retting upon rebels by a two-thirds vote of tbe National Legislature. Eighteen months hence the plan which Congress pro poses will be far less acceptable than it is to day, if, indeed, It can be called acceptable bow, when the Massachusetts Legislature hesitates to ratify U. THE GAS BILL »N TUB LEG IS* LATCIIU. The people of Chicago have respclfuUy asked of the Legislature, the poVer, when* ever they may think fit, and shall decide by a popular vole, to manulacturc their own gas, not only for lighting the streets, but for furnishing the same to the public. At present, tbc city and the public arc supplied by two private corporations, comnoecd of a dozen or more persons. The Legislature has do difficulty In granting to these Individuals the authority to manufacture and sell gas. The people ask only that the Legislature shall confer upon them in their corporate capacity, the same right that was granted to a few Individuals. The item of pas is an important one in the tax bill of a large city. It is onp that reach cs the pockets of every tax payer. The man ufaclurc and sale of gas is profitable; its profits, when tbc manufacture and sale arc confined exclusively to one corporation, are only limited by the forbearance of that cor poration. Every dollar paid bythecUy for gas, over and above the cost of Its manufac ture and snpply. Is a direct tax upon the pub lic for tbc benefit of the gas corporation. The people of Chicago, if upon examination of all the facts, they think it advisable, pro pose to manufacture .all tbe gas needed for public purposes, and to furnish the public at cost. They propose to save to the city all that is now paid In the shape of profit to the Gas Company. They propose to rcJlerc the g&s consumers of the city from the present enormous taxation to which they are sub jected by the monopoly, and furnish the public generally with gas at cost. Before doing ibis, however, they propose to Investigate and examine the whole sub ject. They propose to inquire' Into the whole business;' ascertain the cost and satisfy themselves generally upon the merits of the question. Should the difference between the prices now exacted, and those-at which gas may bo furnished pure sufficient to warrant the undertaking in any emergency, they then propose to sub* mil the question to the whole people, to be voted on directly. To do this requires the authority of the Legislature. We do not believe that in the Legislature generally, there will be the slightest objection If the members from this city be united. Why should any member of the Chicago delegation distrust tho In telligence of the people upon this subject ? Why should any member elected by the voters of Chicago, assume that If his constituents be permitted the privilege of voting upon this gas bill, they will do wrong and damage their own interests? Unless such Senator or Representative shall assume that his own election is evidence of the stu pidity and credulity of his constituents, ho has no right to assume that If permitted to vote upon this gas bill, they will betray either a lack of intelligence or n lack of discretion. The members of the Legislature from Cook County have not before them the question whether the city shall or shall not make gas. That question Is in no wise committed to their decision. The naked ap plication Is that the Legislature authorize the people of this city to vote upon that question and decide It for themselves. With the relative merits of having the gas manu facture a monopoly, or having gas fur nished the public at cost, the Cook County delegation have nothing to do. Their decision is uot asked upon that point. All they arc asked to do Is to give their consent that the people of whom they arc only nine In two hundred thousand, shall have the privilege of deciding, upon a full examination of the matter, one way or the otiicr. There arc but two parlies to this contro. versy, the public and the gas company. The gn« company resists the proposition to per mit tho people to investigate and decide a question pertaining to the general interests. Tho people ask the representatives of tho people, uot of the gas company, for tilts permission. Will tho rep resentatives of tho people trust their own constituents? Arc they afraid I hat the pco* pic will beggar themselves as tho gas com pany has done? Will they listen to tho re quests ol the people, or to tho protests of the gas company? Which will they repre sent mid obey ? There Is no third course. Tim people of this city nsk per mission to dceldo nt tho polls a question of taxation exclusively nlleellng themselves. Are they competent to make that decision? fa either of tho Sou atom or Representatives of this city In the Cultural Assembly, prepared to say that lie is competent to decide the question to tho en tire exclusion of tho otiicr two hundred tliou'Hml people of Chicago ? Is ho prepared to tuy that in his own person ore concentra ted nil tho knowledge and the wisdom I’cssary to o proper decision of this question, ind that tho people do not possess that kt owlcdgc or wisdom? Is either of our Senators or Representatives prepared to say that It Is not sate to trust the people of Chicago to vote upon a ques tion of taxing themselves, because, if per mitted to do so, they will certainly do wrong? Is that the language of a Represen tative to his constituents? We do not suppose that any of the Chicago delegation will oppose the bill; wc hope tthat, whatever maybe their opinion upon •' the gas proposition itself, they will sec the propriety and decorum of permitting tho people the privilege of deciding the ques tion on Us merits, as the facts and figures, produced by investigation, may determine. “OLD SCRAP IRONn-A COTIEDY. It usually happens, when Congress under takes to regulate the profits of all the trades In tho country, putting this class np and that class down, taking a dollar away from this man and giving it to that—it usu ally happens, we say, that some laughable scenes arc enacted. During the closing hoars of the debate on tho Tariff Bill in tbe Senate, the great Iron and Steel Asso ciation came to grief. This Association is more responsible for the Tariff Bill than any other organization in the country, except; perhaps, the wool gatherers. It appears from the re marks of Senator Fessenden, that tbe Iron and Steel Association recommended the low duty of three dollars per ton on “old scrap iton,” and as tbo Finance Committee were consulting every class In reference to the Tariff Bill, except the thirty millions of con sumers, and generally taking their word for it, and giving them about what they wanted, the duty on “old scrap iron” was fixed at three dollars per ton. Senator Chandler spied this oat. and it occurred to him that “ old scrap iron” would bo unconscionably cheap, and that something ought to bo done to make It dearer so as to protect American industry. Ho made diligent inquiry about it, and discovered that the so-called iron and Steel Association consisted simply of a collection* of proprietors of rolling mills engaged in making railroad iron. A farther investigation showed that under the head ol old tcrap Iron” It was customary to Import the worn-out caat-away rails of European I railway*, and to re-roll them for American railways. The tariff on railroad iron la | fifteen dollars and sixty-eight cenU per ton. With a tariff of only three dollars per ton on ihc “ old temp Iron” furnished by sixty thousand miles of European railways, of course a tremendous business could be done I hy the Iron and Steel Association at a large | profit. Now tbc idea of baring anything cheap In (his country, except farm products, was totally opimscd to the Ideas of the majority of the Senate. So Mr. Chaudlcr made an appeal to bis brother Senators to protect bis constituents against cheap iron, produced not merely hy pauper labor, but almost given away, lie denounced the Iron and Steel Association roundly for seeking to de grade American industry by Introducing “old scrap iron” at three dollars per ton. lie moved that the duly be raised to ciyht dol lars per ton. Senator Fessenden opposed the inicing of the duty for .the reason that nobody had asked It—leaving It to bo in :'crrcd that if anybody had been so thought tal as to ask it, the tax would have been liccrfulty Imposed. Mr. Chandler's motion prevailed, however, by a vote of 18 to 15. We trust that the House will agree to the ianfi'ol eight dollars per ton on ‘‘old scrap Iron.” Mr. Chandler said It ought to bo nbed to twelve dollars. If the House should agree with Mr. Chandler, and raise It to twelve, It would not be a bad joke. The Iron and Steel Association have held four meetings annually for a number of years to raise funds aud adopt measures to swindle the people with an odious and oppressive tarill. Now let them have their belly full of tailff. Hy all means stick to the duty on “old scraj' Irou.” nil. KASTMAN'S SPUGCII. Senator Eastman, on Monday, made a speech lit behalf of hts Warehouse Bill. Af ter showing the rapidity of growth which bos increased tho grain trade of Chicago from seventy-eight bushels of wheat, Us total in IbSS, tosisty million bushels of grain in 16G(l, he said that for many years tho handling and storage of grain was conducted fairly and honestly, because tho elevator business was open to competition. By and by, however, it was discovered that no legal restraints had been thrown around this busi ness ; that the doors of fraud were stand ing wide open, and that there was <i mine of wealth which the hand of dishonesty could work with impu nity.*' The only obstacle in the way was the comi>clition of the various ware houses or elevator*. This was removed by .'Otne sort of an agreement, a combination, r.y which all were to act together in enforcing arbitrary rates and rules of storage. Thus the system was transformed into an engine of extortion and robbery. “And as a gener “al rule,” said the Senator, “ to which there “arc but few exceptions, there was com “nicuccd in the elevators of Chicago prac tices which would shame any man with “any pretensions to honesty, and each year “theextortions of these warehouses have u been worse and worse, until now they arc 44 exercising such a depressing Influencex»n ‘‘the public welfare that they demand a 44 remedy. 4 ’ He declared that If the Senate would send a committee to Chicago to ex amine either the shippers, receivers or mill ers, he would hazard lus reputation that a state of facts would be disclosed which would show this warehouse combination to be the roost monstrous iniquity in the State. We quote that portion of the Senator’s re marks relating to what la known among dealers as “scalping * 44 Suppose that the Senator from Stephenson rtips to Chicago 1,5T0 rare ofwtieat.rA) of which pass the Inspection as No. 1, and l,ouo or them as No 2. There arc other gradt-e ot wheat, hat, for the Hike of simplicity, consider that there ar«bnt •wo ejadop. No. 1 and No. 2. Of the 1,000 which wire Inspected as No. S, 50) of them may have tern verv good, almost as good as No 1, and 530 oi them very had, so bad that they almost fell Into rejected, the grade next below. Now let ns sop. pose that. If sold by sample, each lot of 500 cars by itself, the WO cood cars would have bronchi (i ter bushel, and the 600 bad ones f 1.80 per bushel. But not heme sold separately, but thrown tocclbrr into ore bin. the whole lot la worth ?1 VOper onebel. But It so happens that the ware housemen do not throw them into the samchlu: they k> ep out the DOOcood cars.and only put the 500 poor cars into the uTns containing No. 2 wheat. bo that when the Senator from Stephenson goes into the market to tell hla receipt* for the 1,000 . ran oi No. 2 wheat, he does not receive «.in per bushel, the price be would have received had bis whole l,Mocars been mixed together. The man I to whom he cells las wheat knows that the ware- hcM«tncc hire keptonl ill ids (rood cars from ihe grade of Wo 9. and that only the poor car* •■re in the No. Sbins, to be pays him the price of •he poor ears, SI.BO per bushel, by which be lo»o9 10c per bu-hel on tho whole 1,000 ctj, which, at the rate of 850 ba bets to t e car. would mane a loss to him of $15,800 on the 1, Now, when he comes to sell bis‘GOO car* ot Wo. i,he is again disappointed in the price, lor he ascertain- that the warenoaaemsn biaiakeo . the COOcais of pood No. S and placed them in the a me bins with bis No. 1. ilia No. 1 was piohably worth $3.30 per bushel; bat the warehouseman, b> m’xlpjr with them the 800 cart of pood No. 9, worth $8 per barbel, has reduced tne average price of the whole to $9.10 per bnabel, which is *ellLno«u by tho mau who bays, and so the c cnatorfrom Steoheason can only ob'aln $3.10 «bcn be should have obtained $3.30, and here be loses ten cents per bushel on his 800 cars of No. 1, übicli, at BJU bushels per car, would boa loss of i >17.600 more, making a total loss of $51,800 on : ,800 can of wheat. This Is what the donator from Stephenson loses. Now let us see what the wans housemen pair, and bow they pain It: They Issued to him receipts for 600 cars, or 175,000 hoahels. of No. 1. and for 1,000 cars, or £30,000 bushels, orNo, 2. UheyputhOO cars, or 175.000 bushels, of this No. 8, for which these receipts were issued, into the bins of No.l, and po out and sell receipts for No. 1 to that amount, at $2.10 per bushel, paying therefor $307,500. They then go out and tiny up 'receipts for wo. 3, calling for SCO cars, or 175,000 bushels, fbr which Huy pay SI.GO per bu-hel, paying therefor $815,000. The difference between $367,000. which they receive for tho 600 cars of No. 1, and the S3iS,CCO they pay for the five hundred cars of No. S represents the profits they make hr the trausae on, which corresponds precisely with Ihe amount lost by the Senator from Stephenson. (The receipts for No. 8 which they bay, they de stroy—receipts for No. 1 having oeen issued In place or Hum.) So that, what the people lose, they pain. Ido not suppo«o that any warehouse man in Chicago ever carried the mttter quite this far, and I have simply made the Illustration In this way in order that tumators not conversant with the matter may understand the modut optr endi. They most unquestionably pursue this practice to some extern; but whether they place one-third . of the No. Sin the bins containing No. I, or one fomth, or one-tenth, is more than 1 can say. The fact that the grades arc much worse when they come out of store than when they go in. and that parties frequently draw grain from store on No. 1 receipts which tails a long way below the standard of ihstgrade, is moat conclusive evidence on this point. Ibesc parlies have frequently kept a record, for brief periods, of the amount of grain of diflerent grades Inspected into and out of store, and fonnd that more No. 1 comes ontof store than goes in, and less No. 2 and rejected than gee* In. Nor la this the only thing they do. They adul terate wheat worth from t1.6U03.U0 per bushel with rye worth from 80000 ants perhtubeL For the protection of all panics, the purity of the grades should at all times bo maintained, and to Ibis end this bill has been so framed tbit there can be no rclnspecllon of grain after it goes into tiorc. Mr. Eastman pointed out other evils of the present system, and commented on other dishonest practices. Ho alluded, among other things, to tho high-handed outrage committed In the fhll of 1805, which we state in the Senator's words: u I will stale that, when grain is received into a warehouse at Chicago, it is charged two cents storage per bushel for tho first twenty days or parts thereof, and one-half cent oer bushel tor each additional live days or parts thereof. Those isO-s of storage ran during the whole season, un lit November 13, and oti that day two cents ad olllonsl Is charged upon all grain In store, as If II hod been Jusi received, and at the expiration ot twenty days another tmh-cont 1* added, nad one hall cent more inr each live days thereafter titilll four rents storage shall have accumulated, when no mom storage Is charged unlit some time in April, I hclluvti ihu Dith, when It commons’s rim* mug again Tills Is called tho winter storage, commencing November IS. The rates 1 have glvi ti mo Dm preicnt rales. I hflllovo Umy wore to sumo talent dittoii'iit In tho fill of I9*S, mil not mttrhi at any rale, four emus was chargnd through Hu- winter. On October 30, IH«v wiionnlargn quanlliy of grain wsa In store, Dm warnlnmsrs Issued a noileu that nit grain received hof.iro No* vemher I, and remaining altar November in, would ho charged ornicnu sloraesforavury flvo days, nr pstis thereof, it romulnnd In smra. Trim grain received October 31 would Im charged iwo vents slorngn from November 13 lo April IS, or ildiiy.iwocents In all; whits grain rucolvod Dm flay after, im November I, would he charged two mils to Novrmhitr IS. and four cent* attar Dial llmo, or six C'-uU In nd. ho Dial parlim having ;treipU lo carry over until spring could not afford lo pay **llMu twciity-Hixconts pur ImDiel a» much fur receipts dated October -51 as they could fur re ceipt* dated November 1. gun dav aflur.” gS?" Mr. W. G. Roberts, of Mount Pleas ant, Racine County, Wisconsin, (wool grow er,) has been proclaiming his intention to stop buying the Chicago Tribune, with great regularity and vocilcrousncss for more than six months. We wish ho would cither carry hi? intention Into effect, or learn to speak the truth when announcing it. A short time ago Mr. Roberts proclaimed that we had been bought up by the importers. Re now informs the public, through the col umns of the Milwaukee Sentinel, that wo have been bought up by tho Eastern manu facturers. lie will probably get a good many men to believe bis statements. .Probably he believes them himself. The thing which exasperates Mr. Roberts at'prescntis our proposition that Congress should appropriate eight millions of dollars per annum to the wool growers (that being the aggregate amount of bounty demanded by them), and save some sixty millions to tbe people, which they will be required to pay under the pending tariff bill, in order to get the eight millions into the pockets of tbe wool growers. We assure Mr. Roberts and the other large wool growers, who have been saving and accumulating their wool for eighteen months, fo'r the purpose of making a raid on Congress to put np the prices for them, that they had better accept our proposition. They will never get iheir eight millions of dollars in any other way. They have gone forth to gather wool, and thev win come back ehom. Tho Increase of tariff which they got at the last session of Congress, actually reduced the price of wool In this country. Wc shall be very mnch sur prised if the pending Tariff Bill has the ef fect to raise the price of wool one cent, al i though It will raise the price of woollen 1 goods largely and oppressively.. When Mr. Roberts shall have carried his threat into effect, and shall have ceased bujlng the Chicago Tribune, wo shall not ask Congress to pass a law to compel him to take It. Still less shall we demand a law compelling him to throw away the price of six papers every time lie buys one. There is one noticeable fact in all this dis cussion. The wool growers never argue. They simply say, “we want so much 1 money.” The Madison Journal, a paper which we commend to Mr. Roberts 1 reading uftcr he shall have deprived himself of the luxury of the Chicago Tribune, noticing I the fact that no attempt Is made to answer I the arguments against the tariff bill, says: “Wc should tike to fee these arenmenta sue* rcfrfullT contiovcited, aud until somebody per* forme that tatX • we cannot but regret ihat onr Leg* lalnichan wilhettcli uuantmlty sent forward. In scb-tucce, InetrucLone to our members of Con* cicrfl to lavor the passage of tbo pending tariff bill. It would have been far bettor. In our jmlp tin nl, to have Instructed them to favor the pro lecUoo of American Induetiy. not by Increasing the tar!?, ami time making it nonproductive of revenue, but by diminishing internal taxation as far aa tt can be done wi'hont Interference with tbo llnanctal needs of the tJovcrrinmu" C5T*Mr. McCulloch’s ruinous policy of currency contraction received a moft grati fying cheek in the House of Representatives on Monday. Mr. Grlnncll offered a resolu tion declaring that there shall bo no reduc tion ol greenbacks during the current year, and instructing the Ways and Means Com mittee to report a bill to that effect. Great efforts were made by the contracllonists to defeat the resolution, but it was adopted by the handsome vole of S 7 to 07. Tito contemplated bill cannot be too soon reported and' adopted. The busi ness interests of the country have already suffered to tho extent of millions through Mr. McCulloch’s obstinate determi nation to contract the currency. To Mr. John Wentworth, of Chicago, be longs the distinction of being the only mem ber of tho House, from the Northwest, who voted against Mr. Grlnncll’s resolution. Mr. Wilson, of lowa, offered a pro position in favor of substituting United States legal tender notes for such com pound Interest notes os may fall due during the year. The House refused to second the motion for the previous question, and the matter went over until Monday. Mr. Price offered a similar resolution, and the motion for tho previous question was 10.-t by only one majority. I The proposition to substitute legal tenders instead of certificates of indebtedness bear- ing four per cent interest, for the maturing compound interest notes, will save tho Gov ernment four millions of dollars annually, without adding anything to the amount of currency In the country, as these notes will be a part of the reserve fund of the National Banks. J?rThcre seems to be a very general im pression that Senators arc selling oat their votes Tor money on the Elevator question. Whether that impression shall or shall not become a certainty, depends on the (ate of Mr. Eastman's bill, which it is certain that nothing but shameless bribery and eorrnp. tion can defeat. No intelligent man who has looked into the question doubts the gross rascality and evil of the present sys tem, or the necessity of a- sweeping reform Arc Senators prepared to take upon themselves the odium of betraying their constituents and violating their own convictions for the money' of the lobbyists? That is the question and the whole question ; for if the bill 1$ defeated, money and nothing but money will be the agent of its defeat. The people will hold their representatives to a strict accountabil ity, and all who enter Into a bargain with the Elevator men, had better put up their prices and pet all the money they ever ex pect to receive in public office, for they will never have occasion to visit Springfield again in the service of their constituents. jrsy A few days since a despatch appeared in our columns from Madison, saying that Senator Hadley, of Wisconsin, had pro nounced the editor of the State Journal"a sneak and a coward.” The Atll report of Mr. Hadley’s remarks which we “have received, docs not contain the undignified utterance attributed to him. It is hardly necessary for ns to odd that Mr. Rublcc, the editor of the State Journal, !s a gentleman of high at tainments and culture, one-who never in dulges in personalities, and Is entirely out of the reach of attacks of this nature. K 7“ The Virginia papers arc bringing out their candidates for the Gubernatorial office. The Richmond Examiner strongly advocates cx-Govcrnor Letcher, and the Whig Is equally enthusiastic In favor of General Ju bal A. Early. It calls on tbc ladies of the State to 44 appeal to their husbands, fathers, brothers and sons with one general voice to elect him, and relieve him of the humili ating condition of an exile In a land of strangers, to preside over his native State.” SPRINBFIELD. Another Bill for a Public Park in Ohioago. A Huge Private Speculation. Hie Normal University, Visit of the Joint Committee on State Institutions, [dpeclsi Correspondence of the Chicago Tribane.] hrmaanxLD, 111, February 4. • A DIO F&rVATE SPECULATION ON A PUBLIC BASIS. I have already written afow linos about tho proposed now Parka in South Chicago, Hyde Fork, Lake and parts adjacent, threo in number, and consuming some throe to three thousand five hundred acres for that pur pose. I have to-day been looking at a now scheme, the “ Public Park of Chicago,** so called, which looks to me very like a private speculation on a public basis. I have not tho bill before me, and can only recollect a few of its features. The corporators propose to take lands to the amount of ono thousand acres, more or less, by purchase or condem nation, as the necessities of the case and the operations of law may dictate, east of State street, south of Douglas place, and north of Junction avenue (X think I have tho right limits), and convert them Into a Park, to be called the “ Chicago Public Park,*' with sheets, alloys, drives, reservoirs, etc., and also to erect thereon such buildings as tho company may deem necessary. The company Is also authorized to introduce such amusements in tho Park as their judg ment and Interests shall suggest. Tho bill also authorizes this “ Public Park Company'* to purchase such surrounding lands as they may think they want for erecting thereon buildings, Improvements, etc., and, in fact, to go Into the real estate business generally; but whether in the way In which that class of transactions is usually conducted, or by the corporation condemnation principle, I could not learn from the bill itself. But tlio really loading feature of the hill Is that section which grants authority to the company—whose capital, I may add, la fixed nt one million dollars—to construct as many horse railroads from tho Park to the city limits os they choose, and, also to do the same thing In the streets of the city of Chicago, mid to connect with such other horse railroads In the said city ns they may deem necessary—llrst obtaining permission to do so from the Common Council of that city. As I have before said, this Park, by tho bill, Is declared to bo a “Public Park," but In Ibesume section It is provided that the company may charge such tolls for the ad mission of vehicles, equestrians, etc., ai the company may dictate. Pedestrians are al lowed to enter free; but ns the park Is live or six miles from the centre of the city, it Is not to be supposed that that class of admis sions will bo very numerous, except by those who employ tho facilities alfordcd by the company’s horse railroads to reach this “Public Park.” In this way tho number that gain admission without contributing to tho coders of tho company will be very small. Now, all this may mean a Public Park for tbe people, but U looks to mo very like a big speculation In tbe shape of borso rail roads, race tracks and beer gardens, with tbe usual attachments of bad whiskey, gamb ling, &c. I may be mistaken la my esti mate of this “ Public Park.” I hope X am; but I guess not. STILL ANOTHER PROJECT. There Is another company here to get permission to build a Park In the immedi ate vicinity of the one above referred to. They have not yet made public the leading features of their plan; but I suppose they will daring week. Visit or ttic Joint Committee on State , inttUtutloun to tlic Normal University. [Special Correspondence of tbe Chicaco Tribune. I ] SrmjtcrrrLD. Ill:, February 2. Through the courtesy of the Chicago, Al- j ton & St. Louis Railroad, a special train was 1 placed at the disposal of the Joint Commit* ( tee of the two Houses on State Institutions to make an ofllcial visit to the State Normal 1 University, at Normal. At tbe early hour of 7a. m. t the time appointed for the departure, all were ready, and at the word from the con ductor—Major Powell, Professor of Natural Sciences in theWcsleyanUnlverslty,whoso ex perience In managing trains was ably demon strated in & more dangerous service,—the party took their departure. The fine, bracing air, the anticipated pleasures of the trip, and the eenso of temporary relief from tbe but tonholing importunities of the “Third House," produced the happiest effect upon tbe party. While speeding on right merrily at a break neck speed, the party were suddenly ad monished that even the brightest prospects may be suddenly darkened by a cloud. A tremendous thump 1 thump! thump! brought the train to a halt. An Inspection of.tho canto of our disturbance, disclosed a broken rail; with a gap of some twelve or fonrtcen inches, over which our engine and coaches had handsomely jumped. Congrat ulating ourselves that so much wisdom and virtue as was contained in the train had not been lost to the State and country, the train proceeded. A short trip of two hours and a half brought the party to our destination, where President Edwards was waiting to es cort us to tho institution. Wo were intro duced into the assembly room of the institu tion, where all the young ladles and gentle men were collected for a five minutes exer cise in free gymnastics. It would have made the heart of Dr. Lewis himself glad to see the vigor and heartiness of this ex ercise. There was a freedom and fearless ness and force in the actions of botli ladies and gentlemen that indicated an an- | predation of the real value of the training, and the advantages to be derived from (t. It was evident that physiology and hygiene arc not mere catalogue studies, hut that under the direction of Professor Scwall they arc made really useful and practical. And here we wish our educational friends would stick a pin. Wo observed with special satisfaction that most of the yonng Indies, and they, wd are sure, the most sensible In the school, had adopted a school room costutic, simple, cheap, and pictty, enabling them to sit, stand, and exercise to their heart's content, with perfect ease and freedom, thcrchjr edu cating and developing their physical persons as well as their intellectual. Wo do admire the gymnast's dress ns a school-room cos tume, and hope the “ fashion" hero and else whciciuonr schools will soon he "all the rage." A few minutes of recreation were given for social intercourse and relaxation, and it was gratifying to witness the kind, genial socia bility manifested and enjoyed by the young ladies and gentlemen at such times. Social education is as much to be desired as Intel* lectual, and is far superior to that system which, In college and nnnncry life, entirely excludes associations with the other sex. Wo want our boys and girls to be trained to gether nt school, os this is the nearest ap* pronch to the family at home. President Ed wauls stated that there wonld be no deviation from the ordinary operations of the school, that the visitors might see the institution in its every-day work. A class was examined in the assembly room on ancient history. The recitations were close and critical, but the exceedingly disa greeable noise occasioned by the cracking of the steam heating apparatus deprived us of much pleasure in listening. And here, by the way, we protest against the system of heating and ventilating schools, as exhibited here. If there is any improvement in those matters, we hope that, for comfort, as well as health. It will be made. Time and space will not suffice to speak in detail of the exercises of the several rooms, and it wonld be Invidious to men tion any specially when all the exercises were good. General McConnell expressed some anxiety to have the committee refresh themselves by a little Greek, but as time was pressing, they solaced themselves with the reflection that Professor PlUsbnry’s ex crelsc in Virgil was “all Greek to them.” Classes were beard briefly In the several rooms In geometry, singing and arithmetic. In the primary room we noticed how partic ularly fine the figures were made, showing care and skill in the teaching. Here the lit tle folks concluded their exercises by a gymnastic drill and singing, that forced the expression from some “I wish I were a boy again.” From the Model School the party adjourn ed to tbe room of Mr. Edwards to hear his class In reading. It was a rich treat to hear those yonng teachers exhibit the fruits of their training in this Invaluable art. We ex pected much from Mr. Edwards in this de partment, and were not disappointed. ’“Warren’s Address,” 4, The Ode to the Pas sions,” and other selections were finely ren dered. Returning to the assembly room, ,wo lis tened to some singing by the Normal stu dents conducted by Mr. Metcalf, after which General McConnell was called on for some remarks. The General congratulated the young people on their advantages. Half acen \ury ago he school in the then Ter ritory of Illinois, In a little log house In the wilderness. Some of his pupils came half a dozen miles to school. Some were older than himself. There Is great improvement in the methods and the facilities for teaching. The Committee came to see the institution, the lime for observation was short, but they were gratified with what they had seen. Ho could only speak a good word for the institution and nothing else. The General was very facetious In some of his allusions, and his happy hits—“brought down the home.*’ Mr. Baldwin, Chairman of the Committee in the House, made a few remarks. He said it was tbroq years since the Institution was cs •UblUhod, that it was no longer an experi ment ; its success was no longer doubted. He was pleased to witness what be ' had seen,' and hoped that when the teachers should go* out they would remem ber their responsibilities, their duties to God, tbclr country and their race. He felt that the improvements asked for should bo made. It was for the interest of the State that they should increase in every way the interests of education. ' • It vis suggested that others might be pleased to enter the discussion, bat that the special subject was to be found down stairs In the dining room, to which the party re* paired, to find an excellent dinner, provided by the senior class. The ladies apologized for their dinner, inasmuch as they were not advised of the visit nntll 0 o'clock. If that Is the dinner the Normal girls get up In four hours' notice, we cannot imagine what they could do on a longer notice. Certain it is, that with all their education, the domestic —the dinner part—has not been neglected. We were well cared for. Dinner over, a brief visit was made to the museum of the Natural History Society, which we hope will result, os we think It ooght, in making that department more effi cient than it has been, for the need of a very* little aid. We hope It will receive the at tention It merits, In the great cdacatlonal scheme of the State.. Three o'clock, and we were on the cars, tired, hut pleased with what wc bad seen and heard. A vote. ol thanks was heartily given to the railroad authorities for their kindness In affording na the special train, and to the teachers and pa. plls of the Normal for their attention to our wants, intellectual and physical. MICHIGAN. Critical Illness of Governor Crapo. «orpo ration may fairly be repmled oa a con tract within tbo meaning or the United States Constitution/’ and, after citing the Dartmouth College case and other author ities. comes to the following conclusion Impartial Suffrage and the Constltu- rcpiml t 0 railroads < The Legislative Recess. tlouul Courcullvn. (Special Correspondence of the Chicago Trtbaoe.l Uernorr, Mich., February 4, l‘C7. Gorcnior Crnpo cxliibltn wonderful vital force In liin long and pnlnfal battle with dis* cob*. It Is still ft question whether ho will live or die. If lie wero n man of low extraor dinary vitality he would hava died lone ago, and his present stale would bo considered hopeless. Hut ho has, since 1 lust wroto you, once nearly recovered, so as to attend to tho pressing business of tho Stale; then sank so near to tho grave that ItU deeearo was expected momently for ft whole day ; and again so far recovered as to resumo his public duties, so far an they can be UUcimrged from the baao of a sick room. In my last letter I explained tho nature of liu disease, trom which you can Judge how desperate have been and ore his chances of ultimate recovery. During tho last week ho has lost much blood, showing tho malignant ulceration that preys upon Ills system; but hts complete restoration, I am happy to state, Is once more predicted by physicians—at least such a restoration as may preserve him to tho State for many years. Since my last, the Legislature of Michigan has had a recessofelx days, but Is now fairly at work again. Tho recess was taken and Is Justified because of the great pressure of bnslncss thrown upon tho State at this ses sion, In consequence, first, of our system of biennial sessions, allowing two years’ busi ness to accumulate between sessions; and, second, ou account of the great neglect of all oar prisons, schools, colleges, canals, railroads, asylums and public Institutions generally rendered necessary by the excite ment and larger claims of the war. So largo an omount of pressing business was on band, so many appropriations were asked for and needed, and so many public works absolutely required carelul Investigation, that the Legislative committees were all behind with their work, especially the special committees upon various public Improvements, the gen eral committee upon State Institutions, and tho Jndiclary Committee. Until these should report, the Legislature coaid not safely proceed with business already on band, and the farther introduction of new busi ness would only render matters worse. So the recess was voted, and generally Im proved by tho Representatives and Senators dividing into parties and visiting oar State asylums, prisons, salt region, coal region, projected railroads, etc., while the commit tees Improved the time to forward their work- Thls session of the Legislature will be noted hereafter for the great number of Important bills Introduced, and Important changes made In tho laws, notwithstanding we are upon the eve of a change In onr State Con stitution, and, therefore, all propositions not deemed of immediate importance will bo left over until after the adoption of tho new Constitution. One political question, which has created some feeling, has been discussed and passed Upon by tho House. When the bill arrang ing for the election of delegates to the Con stitutional Convention was before the House, a member proposed, as an amendment, an additional section, providing for impartial suffrage, without distinction on account of race or color, in the election and selection of delegates. After some discussion, not very thorough or protracted, this amendment waa rejected. The members of the Honso arc almost unaalmons in favor of Impartial suf frage, and there Is not the slightest doubt that tho principle will form a conspicuous feature of the new Constitution. Bat tho reason of tho rejection in this hill Is, because the present Constitution not only provides for the proposed Constitutional Convention, and fixes the time for It to meet In ISO 7, imt also pro vides that (< In all elections, every while male citizen,” etc., shall vote, and none others, except certain civilized Indians, particularly described. If now, say the defenders of the action of the House, the coming election for delegates Is held under tho present Constitu tion, and It is not denied that tho Conven tion Psclf is provided for in, and is about to held In accordance with, tho present Consti tution, then the provisions of tho present Constitution relative to electors arc binding also, and roust be adhertfl! l°j C^Bo court® may Interfere and Invalidate the whole pro ceedings ; or, at least, we shall stultify onr selves ns legislators sworn to abide by tho Constitution under which we frame this bill. On the other band, It is contended that the formation of a new Constitution is an act of the people of the State la their sovereign ca pacity ; that the present Constitution, in providing for such a Convention, does not limit and cannot limit the people In such action ; that tho Constitution. In the article and clause providing for aConstitutlon&l Con vention, simply declares that “ the Legisla ture shall provide by law for the election of delegates to such Convention,” to be held In the year ISC7, without expressing any limita tion whatever In relation to such election; that the provision quoted concerning “all elections” applies only to elections held un der the present Constitution, for the purpose ol carrying out the general principles of the present Constitution, and does not opply, and was not meant to apply, and cannot apply to, an election held for the express purpose of destroying tho present Constitution oad creating a new one ; and that the conrts,ahd legislatures, and statesmen of other States have uniformly so decided whenever the question has been brought before them. I need not state this reps«*rißgiacUuu>aor the precedents established In New Tork, Wisconsin and other States, nor to- the various decisions of the courts quoted to sus tain It. Ton arc, doubtless, familiar with them; and. In ease you are Interested enough to discuss the question, can refer to them readily. I will only add that the opinion of several of the most distinguished lawyers of the State Is In accordance with this view ; and that the Senate, when It comes to vote upon the bill, will probably Investigate tho subject thoroughly before coming to a con clusion on this point. Mien. LEGISLATIVE EOWEU. the Legislature and the Railroad*. CmCAGO, February 4. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: In my last I showed that the power of es tablishing unlimited tariffs was not express ly granted by the Legislature to the railroad companies, or, at least, not to all of them; bnt, on the contrary, the rules and regula tions which they are authorized to make, must, as is expressly provided, conform to the laws of Illinois. In proof of which I cited the eighth section of the charter of the Illinois Central. Bnt it is contended that this right, though not expressly given, Is im plied from the nature of the contract be tween the railroad company and the State. The correctness or fallacy of this position can only be determined by reference to the essential character of the* agreement which has been made between the peo ple, on the one hand, and the railroad companies, on the other. What, then, la the nature of the implied contract between the State and the rail roads ? And how far does that implied con tract copfer upon the railroad companies powers beyond legislative control? This question, which Is a vital one, and if proper ly settled would end the whole controversy, may be answered in the language of Judge Bedfield, author of the work on railways, so much used, and so generally recognized os authority. 44 In this country, It Is generally required, that to place the powers granted to a cor potation above the control of the Legisla ture, they must be eithor such powers as .(jrnluUo the oilalcnoc and jmt opera- < Hon ol a corporation, oflbo kind In question, I or el»'- they bo oxpreMlv secured to tho corporation In Its ohortcr."—fi«*/UM on Rauvays. P. 539- , I But Ibis power of unrestricted charges Is not as wo have shown, expressly secured to these corporations In their charters The Stale has nowhere ex- D'essly agreed not to Interfere in this matter, and according to this authority, the only implied agreement tho Slate has made, Is, not to interfere to control those powers which are essential to the existence of the railroads, or to their just operation. Surely It is not essential to the existence of a I railroad company that they should bo unre stricted in tbclr charges, neither is It caaen- I Ualtothe “Just operation” of a railroad, I that the company should have power to j make charges and establish rates which are I unfurfand oppressive. In the case of Thorpe vs, the Rutland and I Burlington Railroad Company , 27 Vermont Reports, the same Judge, giving his decision as Chief Justice, said: “ It has never oecn questioned, so far as I know, that thelAmerican Legislatures have the same unlimited power lu regard to legis lation, which resides in tho British Parlia ment, except whsrc they are restrained by written Constitutions. That must be con ceded, I think, to be a fundamental prin clnle in the political organizations of ‘the American Slates. We cannot well , how, upon principle, it I should be otherwise. The people must, of I course, possess all legislative power origi nally. They have committed this In the most general and unlimited manner to the several State Legislatures, saving only such restrictions as are imposed by the Consti tution of the United States. or of tho par ticular State in question. I am not aware that the Constitution of this State contains auy restriction upon the Legislature lu re gard to corporations, unless it be that where r aoy person’s property Is taken for the use of the pnblic, the owner ought to receive an equivalent in money; * or that there Is any such restriction in the United States Constitution, except that prohibiting the States from ‘passing any law Impairing the obligation of contracts.’ ” He tl(cn proceeds to discuss the question os to tl J “ extent to which the chatter of a " The privilege of running tho road, and taking! tolls, or faro anti freight, is tho cs ecntlal franchise conferred. Any act essen tially paralyzing this Jrauchlso, or destroy ing tlie prollts llicrcfroui arising, would no doubt be void. Uul beyond that, the entire tower of tho legislative control resides m he Legislature, unless such power Is ex pic-si) limited In tho grant to tho corpo totlon.” Ho then places tho power of the Legisla- ture over the subject upon two grounds: I 1. Tho pollco of the roads. This power to ho exorcised by tho railroad companies, subject to legislative control. 2, There Is also the general pollco power I of the Hlnle, by which persons and properly are subjected to all kind* of restrains and burdens, In order to secure the general com lorl, hcullh and piosperlly of tlie Slate; of the perfect tight, In tho Legislature, to do which no question ever was, or, upon no- I knowledge*! general principles, ever cun be made, so far as natural persons ore concern ed. Audit U certainly calculated to oxello surprise and alarm, that the right to do tho same in regard to railways should bu made a serious question. • * * .* * All the eases agree that tbo Indispensable franchises of a corporation cannot ho do- I stroyed or essentially rnoditlod. Hut when It Is attempted upon this basis to deny tbo •>owcr of regulating tbo Internal po.lco of I he railroads, and their mode of transacting their general business, so lar as it tends un reasonably to Infringe the rights or interests of others, It la putting tho whole subject of

railway control quite above tho legislation I of the country.”—27 Vermont Jtej>,. p. 151. The question in this cose was, whether the company was obliged to conatructand main tain cattle-guards, but the general principles I enunciated are equally applicable to tho present question. If, now, we turn to the test laid down by Chief Justice Marshall in the case of Provh (h nee Sank w. PiUinrjs, Ath Peters* United Utates Supreme Court Pep., p. s*ll, how will I the question stand? The Chief Justice there I ears: “ The great object of a corporation is to bestow Ibc character and properties of Indi viduality on a collective aud changing body of men. This capacity is always given to .such a body. Any privileges which may ex empt it from burthens common to individuals, do not flow necessarily from the charter,' but must he expressed In ft, or they do not exist.” Applying this rule, we find individuals cannot charge what they please for their ser vices. Their rates of charges arc seldom lim ited by direct legislative action, bat If unjust or oppressive in their character, they are contested and quickly reduced by tho Judgments of the Courts. If, then, the power conferred upon tho railroad companies to make tbclr own rules and regulations, authorizes them to set their own value upon their services, beyond legls lativc control, then those companies enjoy a privilege which would place them above in j dlvidnals; since we cannot in the Coarts ; contest the reasonableness of tho railroad charges. But this privilege or exemption would thus he one which Chief Justice Mar shal says “ docs not necessarily flow from the charter.” If not, then it docs not exist, as it Is not expressly granted. W. An Appeal of a Soldier of 1812 to the Soldiers Who Suppressed the Uebol* lion. Cniciao, February 5. The soldiers of the war of lS!2arc few and feeble, but you arc numerous and powerful. Wc cannot make Congress hear, but you can thunder in their cars. They have been discussing the propriety of pensioning the old soldiers of that war, and the Pension Committee Inquired of the Com missioner of Pensions for information. The Commissioner says 527,051 soldiers were en listed, hut he may search the record in vain to find that there were 50,000 enlisted sol diers in that war. The rest were militia, who would not enlist, Imt, when occasion required, were forced Into service by law. I was all through that warm the armies that did the hardest part of the lighting; yet I Imre no recollection of a regiment of en listed men that numbered os high as the Thirtieth, and there were but few cavalry and field artillery. The enlisted men were sworn Into the United States service; the militia were not. The first were in the service con tinually ; the second were called out fora few weeks, when occasion required, and then re turned to their homes. The first drew Gov ernment clothing; the second did not. The enlisted men went wherever ordered, but tbc militia could not be ordered into tbc ene my’s country, lienee, the enlisted men go ing Into the land of their foes boro the brunt of the war, while a large share of the militia never smelled powder. Now, “the bill under consideration gives pensions to all alike, Irrespective of the length of service,” or to none. And the ap pearanccJs that the estimated numbers are so great as to bo unfavorable to its passage. In ISI4, in Canada, on the west bank of the Niogara, we had only seven Generals with ns—Brown, Scott, Gaines, Ripley, Porter, Swift and Davis—and In two and a half months they were all killed or wounded. Where does history show the like ? The ar my fought and bled accordingly, hut we hold uur ground against doable our number of Britain’s best troops, who had driven the French out of Spain. But, In ISIS, two thonsand militia stood on the cast hank of the Niagara, in the State of Now York, while six hundred ofthc enemy crossedthc river In open boats, under their gnus, drove them from their advantageous position, and burned Buffalo while they were making their beat speed for home. Can the Pension Committee see no difference in the merit of these two classes of soldiers? Shall men •who stand firm in the defence of their coun try, while the stars and stripes waved In clouds of smoke over their beads, and mar- tial thunder shook the earth beneath their feet, be forgotten by their country when the lamp of life in withered old age is flickering In its socket ? 1 caw, several years ago, a veteran who had stor'd firm In the stubborn battle of Lundy’s Lane, and in the tcrrrible siege of Fort Eric, suffering in poverty and wretchedness. I bad seen him almost daily through the war, and, theiefore, felt the worse when I saw him covered with rags. The Pension Committee estimate the probable number of soldiers, sailors and widows yet living at 150,000, but I do not believe that 2,KW of the enlisted soldiers of that war are now alive. They were thinned off in the war, and most of them left its hardships with im paired health. At the East, 1 have been at many gatherings of the men of that war, where the agitators bad assembled all they could in hope of gaining pensions, yet I have not seen a dozen among them who told me that they had been enlisted soldiers in that war. The nation was then politically divided Into Republican and Fed eral parties, which were nearly equally bal anced. The former in the niajorlty declared war. and carried it through to a triumphant end, while the latter, like the Copperheads of more recent date, strongly opposed It, yet hv force of law were sometimes obliged to go out on home service a month or two. Now will Congress sav that those who valiantly endured the hardships of war for the coun try's good, and had Imparcd health entailed upon them, shall have no help in feeble old age unless the other class have equally as much ? Why not pension each one accord ing to the service he rendered? Bat by all mean* let them pension the poor and suffer ing old men who brought the nation safely through that war. . _ General Gaines had been with us at Fort Erie about two weeks, when I saw a shell coming through the air that wounded him, not far from me, when It burst. He was with ns no more, and I think history shows hlml nowhere else la battle. He remained a General in the army, drawing several hop. dred dollars a month, for more than forty years, and when he died, Congress pensioned hi# rich widow fifty dollars a month, but withheld all aid from the poor old man above mentioned and his few remaining comrades, who did the hard service of that war. was that right? , Soldiers to whom I speak, will you approve of Congress making a precedent to be follow ed halt a century hence when you are lew and feeble? Shaft they then say unless the country leclsablo to give a full pension to every Copperhead that, by force of law, was called for a ehoit tune, you shall have none? Guam Abbott, A soldier of 1813, and Chaplain in the late war. • CRUELTY TO ANIMALS. lli« Barbarities* Id flic ted upon tlio Brnte Creation—The Horrors of tbe Mauchicr Bouse and Diiiectlag Boom* A lecture waa delivered before the New Tork Legislature, last week, by Mr. Ileury Bcrgh, President of the Society for the Pre vention ol Cruelty to Animals, explanatory of the objects oi that orgAuizitioa. Wc make the following extracts: Another cause of brutality exists in that coarse epicurism which indicts torture ia order to pamper and delight the appetite. It is presumed that tbe deshofsomc animals has a richer flavor and more delicate crinsncss when they are made to die by Inches and to endure agonies at the recital of which the blood runs cold. One of the barbarities t a wbicb I refer is the roasting of geese alive in order that the liver may become so enlarged by the agonies of the poor bird as to be suit* able for the manufacture of pate de foie giaa. SCIENTIFIC BARBARITY. But of all the horrible sufferings inflicted upou the animal creation those which are done in the name of anatomical science are at once the most fearful and revolting, and the most plausibly and tenaciously, though fuhely, advocated. Even for the monsters inhuman shape who nail, under this pre tence, living dogs to a table, and then dis sect them alive; and those who, fastening a horse so that he cannot stir a limb, begin, some to open bis chest, some to saw Into his skull aud others to probe the Interior of his eyes—-even for these arc fonnd apologists. Ihe most degraded subjects of Ashantce, maddened by tbe thirst for human blood, never descend to outrages so eccentric and so cruel as tbe modern physiologists of Paris, Lyons and Alfort In their cool hours of study, and these horrors are, alas ! imitated here in new and generou* America. Tbe vivlscc tionlst, or dissector of living animals, may be filly compared to the remorseless Inquisi tor who delights to wring confessions of herasy from his victims by the most pro tracted tortures. I feel admonished by a sense of duty to recount some of the horrors attending this branch of physiological «d --cncc, as Vt Is Improperly termed, more espe cially as a prominent professor In the school of brute torture bus lately undertaken to de fend the system. Sir. Murdoch, the distln oulshed head of the Scottish Veterinary Col lege, some time ago made a visit to tho school at Allot t, near Paris, and he thus re ports : “The Institution Is supported by the i Government, aud has two hundred nmf fifty students. Upon entering whut appeared to I be a place of dissection 1 found myself sun I rounded, not with dead, but living subjects. The building was lurulslicd with many | strong pillars rising Irorn the llnor to tho I roof. Living horses wore fastened to these 1 psllars with every possible device, by tho I bend and foot, to prevent lliclr struggling, I nm) upon each subject six or luoro pupils 1 were engaged lit dlflcrcnt surgical ntK'rnUoits. The sight was truly horrible. The opera tions were begun early In the forenoon. It I was ncuily three o'clock in the iitternoou when 1 entered, so that tint poor wretches, us iirnv be snp|s sed, tuul ceased being able to tunko any lurllicr violent struggles; but Iho deep heaving ofthechcst and Hie look o( the eyes, where there were vet remaining In the limit, were Imirltylng beyond deserln* Hon. Tho students hud begun their day's work In the least vital purls of the animal. 'lho trunks worn there, but they had tost their tails, oars and hook, amt the pupils were now engaged In performing tho more important opeuillons, such as tying the arte ries, trepanning tho uranium, Ac., cutting down upon the more sensitive parts." But mcthlnks 1 hear tho Inquiry made, “Are such things enacted In our own country y" I nm ashamed to answer yes, barbarities aim* liar In character, if not In degree ; for lit my' otlleinl character I have taken measures to convince myself of the fact. Moreover, the ciuel system of vivisection has lately been defended in New York, In /♦ medical college and in a letter addressed to the President thereof, and published in the newspapers. In that letter it Is averred that vivisection is not a cruel practice, but, on the contrary, au eminently proper one, and that It would bo a great misfortune for medical science If it vwerc abandoned or neglected. THE TRANSPORTATION OP CATTLE BY RAIL , ROAD. I Among the provisions in the acts which tbe Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to ; Animals regard as u duty to request the eu- I actment of, there are several which, apart 1 from humane considerations, demand atten ; tlon on the ground of public health and seen- I rily. The manner of transportation from a 1 great distance, by railroad or otherwise, ani mals destined for human food we regard as jor supreme importance. It is well known 1 that the most cruel neglect and indifference ; to the sufferings of cattle, sheep, oxen, poul- I try, Ac., while on their road to market, and I even after they have arrived there, prevail in this State and elsewhere. I shall not ; pause to indicate where this abuse is most | conspicuous, but will briefly avert to some facts in connection with the practice. Long confinement without food, water and prope'r i shelter occasion the most fatal consequences 1 to those that cat of the flesh, greatly aggra vated by the manner in which the animals : are slaughtered in the cities of New York, 1 Brooklyn and elsewhere. A careful analysis has been made of the blood of animals thus treated, and it has been ascertained by fro i quent trial that if given to hogs it will kill them. According to tbe report of the-com mission appointed in Paris to investigate this and kindred onbjects—a literal translatlon.of which I have made—this fact is confirmed, and it is further shown that fatigue, violent nervous excitement, such as fright, anger, and even envy, although tbe animals are sufficiently fed and cared for, derange tho digestive system, and occasion a large shrinl*- ogc of flesh and fat, and consequently de teriorate the quality and wholcsomcncss of the meat. PREMATURE REMOVAL OP TUB CALF FROM THE COW. Another crncl and dangerous practice is the removal of the calf from Its parent too soon after birth, and sending it to market, where It Is known as “ boh veal." The vio lent bellowing of the poor cow attests the uunatumincss of the proceeding; for Provi dence has assigned to the parent the duty of fostering Us offspring, and that duty is as fateful to the dumb creature as it Is to the turnon parent. By this violent separation the milk is also dangerously deteriorated. THE CAUSE OF UNWHOLESOME MEAT. Without dwelling longer on the impaired quality of the flesh of animals thus slowly tormented out of their lives, the fearful con sequences resulting to the consumers of such meat counsel a wore humane treatment. The microscope has exhibited to tbe eye of mankind tbe fatal germs which create the diseases from which we suffer. PnraMtes arc funned in the flesh of animals, and are trans feircd to our own bodice. Tbe name given to 6' me of these parasites is trichiuia, and al though kuowu to exist in England for thlrtv years, tbclr true character and functions were not ascertained until 1800. GOSSIP FROM PARIS. Imperial Ball at llio Tullciiew— Napo, Iron mud Bugrnle—l lie Bmpre**’ Tol Idle—Tbc American licllc*. [Paris Correspondence (January If) of (ho Now York \Votld.i The first bull of the action at the Tileries Vftfl given by their Imperial Majesties ou Wednesday cvoulrg. A much smaller num ber of persons than usual were present, and, to say the truth, never was there a solomner festivity. A beautiful Empress as hostess, bright eyes and graceful forms, snlemllti toilettes, brilliant uniforms, with Strauss* band to assist in closing the hours, all these elements combined brought forth no gaiety, no true joyousness. Nevertheless it was a grand pageant, and one which we cannot wonder that our coun try people wish so much to witness onco In their lives, even at the rlslTof compromising their republicanism- I ora told that more thano hundred applications -were made to General Dlx for presentations to their Majes ties at the first ball. The General bus no ambition to rival Mason, who sometimes wont to a court ball In much more numerous society; there were, therefore, only twenty six of the applicants who were favored. They were Professor Morse. Mrs. Nlcolay, Miss Sanders, J. G. Bennett, Esq., Brigadier General Starring. Mrs. and Miss Coyle, Brig adier General Ames, Mrs. Drayton, Miss Tucker, Mr. Marshall, Misses Gertrude and Serena Mason, Mr. wlotbrop, Mr. aad Mrs. Ronalds, Mr. and Mrs. Post, the Misses La Bcaumc, Mr. Wm. M. Goodrich, Mrs. and Miss Kinney, General Tlbbcts, Mr. Swift, Miss Fuller. Both the Emperor and Empress spoke to Mr. Bennett, and congratulated him upon his success In the yacht race. The presentations took place a little after 0 u'doclt. and the Emperor and Empress made their entry mvo kii«. wi wim—“T.q Salle dcs Marech aux”—at about 10;1.> o'clock. The Empress left the Emperor's arm and crossed the room alone to speak to Prince Murat and several Indies of the Court, while the Emperor shook bauds with several of the gentlemen of his household, whom he saw for the first time during the day. As soon as their Majesties had taken their places In arm chairs on a raised platform, the or chestra struck up a waltz, and the dancing began. It was remarked that no member of the Imperial family assisted the Emperor and Empress In their receptions, only two chairs being placed on the platform. This Is the first time that this has occurred. The Emperor looks a shade older and more care-worn, and has a still more fishy-glassy look om of his eyes than last year, bui It is hard to attach to his general appearance the of the fatal disease under which he is said to be languishing. The Empress, Itcan* not be disguised, prows visibly older. Her blight smile has vanished, the lines of the face are becoming hard, and there is a look of anxious care invading her phystogomy, which betrays more than the Emperor’s ex- Jresslonless mask, that there Is somethingto read in the future. Iler Majesty is still beautiful, still full of grace, but the mark of time is upon her. Her dress was, as it always Is, a wonderful creation of art but It had the demerit of being too yonthful. Apart from the jewels .which completed lt.lt might be worn by a young girl in her teens. White tulle was the ma terial which served for the display of the design o! the dress. There were several skirts, the upper one trimmed with long leaf shaped bands of tulle, bound with satin, which fell over the under-skirt not quite as low as the edge. The upper part of the drees, both In front and at the back, was covered with sprays of ivy, which, gathered at the rieht side In clustering sprays, was held together by a few wild roses. The coreacc was trimmed with sprays of ivy, un der which glittered a fringe of diamonds, about three inches In depth, on the bosom; and on each shoulder Immense emeralds, set In large diamonds, with pendants of smaller stones, were attached. An emerald aud diamond necklace to match the jewels on the dress, bracelets and ear lugs .of very large diamonds, the ear-rings marvels of size and purity, and lastly, a ceintttre or stomacher, composed ot a net-work of pearls, small rubies, emeralds, and diamonds. In fact, the entire upper part of the dress was composed of jewels. From the shoulders behind fell a Wide rib bon of emerald green velvet, tied below the waist In a bow with short ends. The coiffure was a wreath of ivy, a *arge rose of diamonds, being placed a little to the Icfl 111 iront, while at tho back, Itt loavoa and wavy (not trembling) diamond sprays fell over the braids of hair. Tbo Princess Mettcmlcb was dazzling In a tunic of pon ecan (ncitber scarlet nor crimson, but a liner tint,) silk trimmed with narrow gold gal loon, which tunic would have served per fectly for a dress of itself, for U more than reeded the floor; but under it was a mar vellous petticoat of tulle, of which it appears the tunic was only tbo comple ment. Around the bottom, a little above the edge, it was trimmed with sprays of largo roses, buds, and leaves of wheat; placed to gether they bad the effect of a garland, and even more grace, for it permitted the dress to change its folds with the movoment of the wcaicr. To Ibis costume there was no cor sage to speak of. The Princess Is ycrythln, and is not ashamed of it. Her ornaments were a ruby and diamond necklace, and an aigrette of the same stones in her hair. The necklace, instead of being fastened by the : Suirre mvi, jeune homme (follow me, young man,) of last year, was tied by about a yard of velvet ribbon (same tint as the tunic,) tbo ends of which Just reached the two Inches of silk of which tho coreago was composed at tho back. The Russian * Princess Bunsky Korsakoff, another notoriety of Court society, wore a dress which, at a little distancc.looked os if she had by especial favor procured some ells of tho stuff to which the fleecy clouds which almost cover the sky in a time of the full moon are manufactured —a most exquisite fancy on her part. When near, it was discovered that a combination of silvery tulle over pearl gray satin bad produced this effect. The upper skirt of tulle was crossed la front by a gar land of leaves with delicate buds and at tached at the side by a rose as big os a tea plate. Diamonds on the corsage, diamond necklaces, bracelets, and cdr-rings, and aigrette of all sorts of prccions stones, in which there vjas a crescent, a bird and a star ingeniously contrived. Madame K. K. is a bale, handsome person, and boro this com plicated “get up” superbly. It was remarked that the empire dress has not yet taken, ail dresses have fulness at the back and some little at the sides, the front only being perfectly plain. The ef fect of the empire style is attained, how ever, by tho tunic, which bus no folds at the waist. But the tunic is by no'means general. The great majority of handsome fresh dresses were while rose color, being tbc next in favor. Miss Dix wore a hand some dress of white tulle and satin. Misses Egerlon, of New York, were beautifully dic»sed in “Marguerite” costumes—tarlc ton skirt*, one trimmed with a wreath of roses, tbc other mm and rose buds. Miss E. wore a pink vest or basque, without sleeves,trimmed with pearls around tho edge and on the scams; the tar Man corsage, high in the neck and with long flowing sleeves. Miss Lottie E., with blue forget-me-nots on the skirt, wore a blue vest of exactly the same style ns that worn by her sister. They were greatly ad- | tubed, ns they are not only “stylish/’ tbo great aim of American Indies abroad, but are graeclhl ami reserved wit 1ml; “so M»*Amcrl cun,” I beard u gentleman say of them—a gentleman who had chanced to make the acquaintance previously of several of nur most dashing belles in Parts. Very bard I Miss Beckwith wore an extremely pretty dress of white tulle, trimmed across tho front with Imtuls of satin ribbon nud on tho entire skirt behind by the same, nut on lengthwise—a light, youlhfttl toilette, nml vety bcei'inlng to tho young wearer. There U a bullet at which tho guesta are served tea, Ices, and cakes ull thu evening; tint this does not prevent tho supper room tiom being very crowded and very unploas ant after the Emperor and Empress and privileged guests liuvo It'll It. Ladles arc obliged to go In alone frequently, thus losing their cavaliers, with the risk ot nut finding them for an hour or so afterword*. Tim Court sets Urn ovnmple lo all Bails of in viting to Us galas more than twice as many guests as ran be pleasantly provided for. There Is seldom or never room for dancing or for supping. At the Tullerlcs two thou sand guests would be able to enjoy them selves (In ordinary times)—four thousand arc Invited. At the Hotel do Ylllc there Is am ide space for four thousand ; tho Brefcel, therefore, Invites eight thousand—and so on through ail grades and classes. THE <»TIUEU’S” DE2I. Auction Sole of the liflVcti of a Do conned C.umblor. [From the Richmond (Va.) Times, January 90.1 Tbe demise of a gentleman "In tbe fancy line,” resulted, on yesterday, In the Inva sion of one of the most elegantly furnished and extensive gambling establishments of Ibis city by a vast throngof men and women of every grade, calling ond position. The rooms of this famous establishment, from their central and fashionable location, af forded easy access to the largest and most fashionable assembly which we have seen in this city fur many months. On the day pre vious to the sale, hundreds of well-dressed and fashionable people were strolling tlironch the different apartments ex amining the unusually rare and costly parlor, dining room, sa loon end chamber furniture. All through the war this establishment did a roaring busi ness, ond was nightly thronged by the elite of the civil and military circles of the capital of tbe Confederacy. When famine prevailed elsewhere, the tables of this establishment always groaned beneath the luxuries of every clime. Countless millions changed hands over the green tables which excited so much curious examination from the judiciary and clergy on yesterday. Of its class, the tiger’s deu lu question was always the best, and. at the close of the war, the proprietor refurnish ed It m the most costly and substantial man ner. lie was a man ot good taste, and while | there were evidences of recklessness of coat j iueveiy aiticlc about bis establishment, It I was furnished with a giave, decorous tasto I which would have rcilcctcd credit upon the I rcQucd tastes of the most cultivated man I of wealth. Carets, book-cajcs, | chairs, tables, paintings, chandeliers, mirrors, chamber furniture, table chins, plates, etc., etc., were all In the best taste, nnd the servants connected with the estab- rudiment were oil quiet, grave, and well-be haved men, the rare types of the now almost extinct race of family ‘servants. The paint ings were not numerous, but they were ex ceedingly appropriate, and strictly In keep ing with the character of the place. Imme diately in rear, for instance, of large and mysteriously shaped tables covered with the inevitable green cloth, there were suspended capital paintings—two grim, stern, remorse less looking tigers aud lions. “To tiger” looked down upon the faro table, while the lion trowned omiuous upon the victims of roulette. Both of these tutelar divinities of the temple looked plethoric, cruel and true* ulent, as If they bad devoured many thou* fund pigeons, greenhot ns and boobies, and ratber liked their diet. Long before the auctioneer commenced the sale, on yesterday, a vast throng of people crowded the large rooms and blocked up tbo staircases of the tiger's elegant jungle. Tbo church was superbly represented by a bishop of great eminence and distinguished learn* ing and eloquence; of prietts, elders, dea cons and lesser church lights we can make no enumeration; but curiosity to sec tbo haunts of “ ye terrible tiger” attracted a vast number of them, now that tbo place was harmless, and the owner gone to bis long account. Judges, prosecuting attorneys ana editors—the lights of the three professions— took solemn note of what they beheld, and were rudely jostled, Jammed luto doorways, and bustled by a surging and Irrepressible crowd. Locomotion was almost Impos sible, so dense was the throng, and the bidding was so spirited that the auctioneer was spared all eimcrlla ous lamentations over unheard of ” focrlflccs.” Everything was of tbo beat description, end the prices paid were, wo Imagine, gtcatly In advance oftbosc usually paid for secondhand furniture. The auc tioneer bad comparatively an easy time o! It, ns the crowd bid for the contents of the tiger’s den os though they were contending lor the possession of holy rellci. The crowd was so .great that the ladies had ratber a hard time of It; but their curiosity must have been amply gratlllcd, Ibr they ex plored every portion of the establishment. We noticed a group of pretty women puz zling their brain* over a roulette table; and they were about leaving the mysterious article of furniture In despair, when It was explained to them In a remarkably lacld ana eloquent manner by an Intelligent deoccn, who bad not forgotten the now ab jured weaknesses of early youth. As lotte ries, etc., arc fast becoming religious Institu tions, the study of this spleodla tiger’s den must have been Instructive to those pious persons who arc embarking In such things. The auctioneer made speedy work of the contents of this large gambling establish ment. and by this time mirrors, chandeliers, paintings, etc., which have looked aown la tbclr day upon many a scene of wild excite ment and desperate nazard, have been trans ferred to quiet and orderly Christian house holds, where no worse kind of gambling than charitable rallies and pious lotteries arc over tolerated. In making himself comfortable in this world, the gambler exhibits a wise, although c!iil'uk-u .for he docs not pre cisely know what sort or quai iv. »A u* provided tor him In that great and mysteri ous land of shadows and spirits to which all of us are hastening. It may be that there are other things than cosily mirrors, soft car pets, luxurious beds, brilliant chandeliers, rich viands and voluptuous paintings, and couches In store for him there. SEDITIOUS FUSERAL OBSEQUIES. How a Rebel Demonstration In Honor of General A. Mduey Johnston was Stopped. ■*' (Galveston (Tcias) Correspondence (Jan. 26) of the Sew York Evening Post. I There has been qultcanexcitement in town for the past two days over the remains of the late General Albert Sidney Johnston. The Legislature of Texas, during Its late session, provided by law forbrlnging' his remains here and depositing them at Austin. He had many friends in the State, endeared by old and ear- Iv associations, without reference to political Ideas; but ibe opportunity was too good to be lost, and the astute rebel leaders seized the opportunity for a regular secessionist demonstration on Wednesday. Before the remains were expected‘on Friday, the pa pers contained the programme of a large and elaborately planned procession, con sisting of the Mayor and Common Council, the judiciary, benevolent so cieties, Masonic and fire companies, ringing of bells, suspension of business gen erally for the day, and the last division of the procession was proposed to be composed of the “civil, military and naval officers of the general Government,” supposed to have referred to the United States. The next day, General Griffin, command ing here, notified the Mayor of the city, in a very friendly note, that while he would not Inleriere with the quiet and orderly funeral ceremonies that the friends of the General might desire to take, tbc relations held by General Johnston in the latter part of his life toward the United States, were such that, as commander here, he could not per mit the proposed ceremonies to proceed. This, as you may well suppose, produced somestir, and the Mayor at once proclaimed that the procession, as proposed, would not move. Opinions and dispositions varied; tbc great bulk of the people, however, favoring an abandonment-of the programme. Friday came, however, and promptly at ten the New Orleans steamer, owned, It is said, by Charles Morgan of your city, and carrying the United States mails under con tract with the Government, came steaming up the hay with her own ship’s flag at half- mast and her bell tollies, bat no American flap Id sight except those at the garrison, and those at General Griffin's headquarters. The procession, ol coarse, being “knocked Into a gin shop,’* sbtno of the patriots pot drunk, ond much talk was expended on the subject. The peace-loving were disposed to have no fuss Id any event, and ■would doubtless have preferred oven the treat enable demonstration than that It should have been rudely stopped. Bat the old leaders among the rebels had found a ma:o's nest; there was a chance for a col* lisiou, out of which possibly they might make capital. The firemen, with red shirts, and their trucks and engines all draped in mourning, were determined that their pro cession should go on, and it is raid expended much of polished rhetoric on the Yankees, and brought out their engines and were pre pared to go through In defiance of auy mili tary force within reach. General llcintzlemaD, however, was on hand, ready to stop the movement if-per sisted In. and better counsels prevailed. The remains stayed on the wharf all day, and the subject awakened a good deal of dis cussion ; the rebels urging on one band that It was a wanton exercise of tyrannous mili tary force over a subjugated people, In pre venting them from paying the last tribute of affection and respect to an honored, beloved and distinguished Texan. Others of the same side said the leaders had been rightly served; were always embroiling our people by their constant efforts to keep themselves prominent In sectional distractions that bad made one big war, and, 11 persisted lu, must result In one still more disastrous. BREAKING OF AS ICE GOUGE IN THE OHIO. Thrilling Scene* at New Albany) Indi ana-Great l»c*traction of Property— Wonderful Escape of Women and Children* [From the New Albany (Inti.) Commercial, Feb ruary 4.J Our city was the scene of the most intense excitement yesterday afternoon, which ut terly defies the powers of description by pen or tocguc. to fully represent, or even give anything like a representation that will convey to those who were not witnesses of U, a correct Impression of It. And even to us who witnessed it from beginning to end, It seems more like a frightful dream than a reality. In the morning appearances, well under* stood by river men, indicated the probability of a break up of the immense Helds of shore KC ex icuutufe up *uw <«**»*- «;•- \tu p Inland, and Irom fiflv to ouc hundred rods in wlata. Every boat and barge along our wharf had extra lines out, and every other precaution that was possible, was resorted to to meet the emergency that finally occurred. All the steamboats and ferryboats kept a full head of steam, and the John Shallcross made several trips In the forenoon and a little after noon took a large load of teams and passen* gets to return to Louisville. But the Uont* iiiu lee was so thick and strong that she lay at her dick some lime, apparently waiting for an opening In the ice for her to go through In crossing. About one o’clock p. tn., the shore Ice op. posit e our city, on which lint a few moments before several persons were skating, started and passed down the river without doing any injury, mul ll was hoped tho forger qnnn* titles further up would not start. Hut soon It was discovered that It too had started In Immense unbroken uunnlltlcs, starting at the upper end and swinging around irom the Kentucky side reaching the shore on this shin of the river, and mine down with an lr> resistible force. Hundreds were on Urn shore watching Us approach with an almost unbroken silence, evidently hoping fur the best but fearing the worst. Boon the lee reached an empty coal barge fastened with three heavy rope cable*, any one of which seemed strong enough to hold It. But one after another of them snapped like so nun y strands of packing twine, and Stic drifted down against two others equally well fastened, which were also broken from their fastenings and ail three of them were driven against tiro Isaac Dowiunu. Inaddl* lion to several rope cables she hod out a very heavy chain one, and all together with tho aid oi a powerful head of steam, which was let on both engines with full force, It was hoped that sue would be able to resist the pressure enough to let the 1 barges and Ice pass by and thus serve as a protection to the wharf boat and the John Shallcross, lying just below. I But this hope was of short duration. Very I toon she parted oucafleranotherol* her lines in qu!sk succession, and then her chain cable. From that instant a scene ensued that beg gars all attempts at description. Everybody then knew that the ice would take every thing before it. A sbout was raised to clear the Shallcross of her passengers os fast as possible. Until then they had not supposed thcmsclves.in any danger,as the Bowman had hid Irom their view the effects of the ice. They had hardly got out to see what was the cause of the alarm before the Bowman came on to the wharf boat, breaking her lines and crushing her upper works as though they were built of pasteboard, and piling them oh boardoftheShallcross, which then received the force of all the boats and barges and ice combined,snapping her lines like those of all the rest. They then suddenly realized the great danger they were in, ami as fast as pos sible jumped ove'r the side of the boat next the shore, and over the bow, some at first jumping nearly or quite on to Lho shore, and others, a« the ’boat started from her moor ings, Jumping on the floating ice several varus from the shore, and escaping drown ing or being crushed by the masses of bro ken ice through the heroic efforts of those on the shore, at a great risk to their own lives. Several ladies climbed up on the railing at the bow of the boat which was eight or'ten feet from the water or lee and Jumped as far as they could. The cry of “We are lost! we are lost!” rang through the boat, and women on the shore who bad fathers, husbands and broth ers on board, were shouting In the agony of despair for them to “jump off I oh, jump off!” One man with bis wile and two little boys were on board. He got the boys off with the aid of some persona on shore, and they stood screaming for their father and mother, both of whom finally succeeded in getting ashore. Still there were many pas sengers unable to get off at all, ami they, with the officers of the boats, seemed des tined to almost certain destruction; for, if the bouts did not sink in the Ice before they readied the falls, as nearly everybody sup posed they would—for It was supposed they would be so badly crushed as to make them leak at a fearful rate—ll seemed hardly pos sible that they could pass over the falls In their crippled condition. But the officers and crew stood by them, and worked with a vigor and coolness worthy of al) praise. Captain D. N. Dryden, falls pilot, seeing that their only salvation was in going safely over the falls, small as the chance might be, Jumped on board just a* she was posting out of the reach of all pos sible aid from the eiiore. and lent Ids energy and experience to that desperate effort. The engines were kept backing us tho bouts approached the falls, and they got quite from the shore, and. to the great Joy of all, it was found that, in spite of the lee, they slowly obeyed their rudders, swung their heads down stream, und finally Eassed over the fulls In safety, rounding to clow Sand Island, und lauded at Portland wharf. We are unable to give the extent of the damage to property* and will conclude with heartfelt congratulations that, so far as wo can learn, no one was killed or even seriously injured. RITUALISM, important Letter from RUliop Jlcll vninr, of Ohio. The following letter was published In the Cleveland JlrrnUl of Saturday last, having been furnished by n gentleman of that city, to whom it was addressed : Cincinnati, January 20. isfiT. Mt Diau Fniran: lam m%cb obliged by yonr hind toiler of the tfilb, received ye«tc.day. t»uch .words Irom the laity are cheering to one who tor many years has borne the burden and beat of ibe (lav, and very often under rlrllcnle as an “ alarm ist** frightened by shadows. Thus when the Tractarian Romanism appeared. Dot that shadow pi oven a substance whlcts has amply instilled all the cllort to arouse the cdorcb to a sense of dancer, when doe precaution might have availed. So tbo cry Is, and will hi now when tbo old Tractarian tree Is pulling out more and more of Its natural growth In this recent development of Ritualism, which, to be Justly estimated, must be looked at not as a mere adoption of new and frivolous cere monials, hut as a natural and necessary out growth and expression of doctrinal sympathies and aspirations, and those of a purely Roml?h character. It is precisely what I have long ex pected, and years ago 1 anticipated in print. The cry Is now: “Let It alone 1 Don't sound the tiump of alarm: you will only advertise It, and inphtcn where there Is no danger. Let it alone and It will soon pass away." So three-fourths of our Church did let Trnctarlnslsm alone, to say the best of which they did. And what Is the result! Das It passed sway! What la all this ibat now so painfully threatens the Church of Copland, so that the bishops know o”t what to do to arrest it, abd that UTs its bold head In some chief churches m this land: what is it but that very Tractarian ism so safely let alone! It was let alone, arid everywhere the saying was, “It l* dead.” Yes, Just as a beselgtne force is dead, when. In stead of any brave scaling the walls, it is busy were busy and confident, but taking care mil u> come ont In any way calculated too strorglv to shock the public opinion. Till, at last, having gradnally accustomed the public mind to a certain nseol speech, as “altar” lor table; “Eucharistic bacilflce” for the Lord’s hooper; “priest” for minister; and the public eye to tortain things as an ac*nal altar Instead ot a proper tawo, and to certain acts of rercrence to that altar and the pu«a around it, as if Just there were concentrated all the holiness of the sanctuary, because of the special holiness ot a sacrifice there professed to be (tiered, and of a so-called sacrificing pnest lucre ofilciaiing; 1 sav when thus the miaou of Uie peo ple were prepared, then Tractarlanlsm (call It Ro manism In disguise.) was bold enough to pat on its long desired vestments and appear in its true character, and then came. In England, all the I wretched Ritualism which U now mocking at the I efforts of the English Bishops to restrain it. And then came also that foUcidr.o in this country, which, though n be as yet considerably In the rear. Is hastening to keep company with Its Anglican forerncrer, and lie real character and alms must be Interpreted thereby. 1 am glad to see, my dear sir, that you* as a lay member of our church, arc seeing these things in their true light. We need a bold stand of ihe laity In these matters. In our Church they are repre sented equally with the clergy, in all her legisla tion, and in all diocesan bodies which have in charge the pnrity of her doctrine and tbeprotectloo of her Institutions. No parish clergyman has a right. Independent of the question of unlaw fulness, to make any important change m, or ad dition to, the established and Umc-honored exte rior of our public worship, without the consent of the laity of his parish, as represented m its ves trymen. A layman s voice has Just as much right to be heard m such matters as a clergyman's. The clergyman is no more a church member tran be, nor bae he any deeper concern in tnc pnrity of the faith, ot the preclonsnesa of “the Gospel.*’ All “ the blessed company of Cod’s fallhful people, are all alike, God’s “Holy Priesthood, (1 Peter XI.; 5), and therefore, one as mnch aa iihe other to required to stand guard at the t’qor oflbat wjjiru n2 house,” which Isballtupon-csaa Christ, “the running onto this very ■r’-^nLff.'S ' Hon. Jons Cnownx. LL.D. Slcum on Bristol! Canola. Steam tugs are employedon the Gloucester and Berkcly Canals, at an expense only one fourth that of horse power, which coats one farthing per ton per mile against one six teenth of a penny for steam. The speed has been Increased at the same time from one, two and three miles per hour, to three and four miles per hour, the wear of the banks by the “run" of the water has been com pletely remedied by a band of weathers toco pitching, two feet wide. On the Ashby-de la-Zouch canal, experiments indicated that no Injury is done to the bankT^fc 555 limited to B>£ miles per hour! In spects, as the wearoi the bide b* ,K . f and the accumulation of donosi fl J ,h prove much the better fur the emn£ c,u h Of steam. On the Grand Canal system of navagalion 1W) miles W l3l l steamers are successfully cmni ( ,Jii ,SCf? v lone level of2sj< miles, with adenth’lr 55 4 five leet two inches. On the & I**l Clyde navigation seventy ~ *** arc now employed for carrvin. ** go, some os large as 120 toa< fi, 7 ? * plan,* however, appears to'V e 15 l generally approved, though on son* „? or 4 they prefer to use steamers carrying r- 4 * and acting as tugs at :h: same tun*'’ noaiCIDE AT SEW ORLEANS. A Noted Sporting man Kill, a rt Texan Judge Wounded. [From the New Orleans Piraynor, January 31 Between seven and eight o’clock U /„ ‘ Ing, the thronged localities in the n dU? 8 ’ hood of the St. Charles Hotel were Ur * into a high excitement, by the report nAT 8 horrible.affray had just occurred in t»,» - tunda or office of the St. Charles suiting In the death of J. J. Brvant in well known in the sporting cifcl-« town, and the serious. If not il'n-r wounding of Judge Fred Tate, of La-jan Texas, who Is also extensive] v known city. Upon reaching the hotel, w u j . j.., 1 : large ana excited mass crowding tie- r V-in and the banquette in front of u Je as usual, rumor, with her h r.jf'i tongues, was busy, but few real iu-. a in V a a tion to the origin of the trouble M, : rii suited so fatally could he cvjert.iiaed Reporters, policemen, hotel u ' A i : ' and others were rushing Iranti-jjV "to and fro—some In search oj others after water, hatuhges, \.*7 Pushing our way through this mass, we made our way to the room in which lay the wounded mm-tiic body of the dead one having b.i-n to his room on Gravicr street. ni arn,'.; n We found the entrance guarded hv p,.i; c ! men, around whom were crowded mviv eager either for admittance or n«w*. w*e effected nn entrance, and found strctched upon bis bed covered with blixd. The physicians had already dressed LU wound, which was caused by a stab in tin right breast, inflicted by a gimicMupdle dagger. He seemed to be fully sclf-potso**. cd ; said that he felt easy, aud asked the re moval of the sheets and bed covering, wtiicu contained blood, lie said that he hud avoid ed the difficulty as long as ho eould. T.« ri , l&J8 l i|VAW.‘ luuc “ Ucro r‘-'l“Lslta Lia In relation to the difficulty wc could or!; Icniu that there were a number of p*T*»m present when It occurred. A lev iiar-h words passed between Brysul and Tate, v.A the report of n pistol was heard. This ora ted a commotion in the crowd present, and every one teemed to burry to got out <>i lb room, beyond this but little could be n«m tuiuod. llircc shuts were fired, uml llrvant fell forward on his face. Several pattiro in tervened, niul llryiitit was louud to bo dr ui, and Tate stabbed ns before mentioned. 15, j ant, In death, stilt retained the kittle lu his hniid. The dtlllcully between the parllo*, It is sfild, originated yesterday evening, about three o’clock, when Bryant publb ly accused late ol having swindled some merchant out ol IJI.IM). FiUeds Iniorfon d «iu| they were purled. hen Tate met Bryant In the HI. Unifies Hotel he bumclivd tho mihket •gnln, and the allidr ended us suo.l Hrymit wits a man well known in uuriuhM Ho was about sixty years of age, but looked inueh younger, home iliU-eii yearn Mn.d Bryant, while lu ('alitoruia, ran ugain.t Colonel Jack Hays for the ulllcouf Sheriff of Hun Francisco, ami spent nn immense (lt money to Insure hU election ; but (he ur.-at popularity o| the noted Tov.iu Ibiug.-r, who fiau Just arrived in Cullfermu from San tonlo, gave him the office, and Bryant \%u defeated. Bryant received three pio.ii wounds, each of which would have, d'.-mi. less, proven fatal—two hulKt-, entered tbs breast and one just above the right eveb.-nw into the brain, late is a muu about mu* years of age, stout and rohti't, biaek w|, la kers aud hair, ami by a laww Since the war he has apeul the must of tiii time in this city. OBITUARY. Ex-Covcrncr Wafchlugtmi Hunt, IFrom the >'«w York Tnhnne, Palmary •*.] Ex-Goveinor Washington Hun;, wh.. dif j this morning at I o'clock, waa ra i» Wind, ham, Greene County, New York, Auga-t 3SII. At the age of eighteen he eutc.vi upon the study of law, stud in is.il was uj mitted to the bar at Lockport. lu ls;>t he ■was appointed First Judge of Niagara Com ty. Mr. Hunt early began to take an active part in the political life of his native state, and at first was affiliated with the Uviu> c.-atje parly, hut after having been several times d> office, he Jolm-d the “Whig parly,and, as the candidate of the latter party, was three times in succession elected to Congress (15543 to ISlll). He showed him self in Congress as a man of rcspcciaiulity, and, during his lust term, served as Clgiir man of the Committee on Commerce. In IS4H, the Whig party elected him Controller of the State of New York by a majority of 5,1)00 over his Democratic competitor; Hum receiving, 205,03 F; John A. Lott C* Luctv foco”). Democrat, 11'1 , ,134; and Tapjun, Abolitionist, 1,352 votes. In IS‘H) Uuutwas elected Governor of New York by the small plurality of 202 rotes, receiving 214.014 votes ; while 214,352 were cast for Seymour, and 8,410 lor Chapin, the candidate of the Abolitionists. In 1552, the year of the Presidential election. Governor Hunt was a candidate for re-election, but this time the Democratic party swept tiic State, together with all the States in the Uuba, except those strongholds ol the Whig partr, Vermont, Massachusetts, •Tennessee, Ken tucky, and Maryland. Governor Seymour received 2<>1,12l voles against 241,525 given to the Free Soil candidate. Both Hunt and Scv mour ran ahead of the Presidential tickets of their parties; Hunt about 7 (>jd and Seymour 2,0u0. When the Whig party dissolved in consequence of the rise of the Republican party. Hunt was one of the leaders of /.he conservative wing, which became graumlly by the Democracy. He ceased, however, to take a prominent part In polities «md lived In retirement upon a handsome farm near Locknort,. dividing his attention between his mends, his books, and the jarauits of horticulture. Only once more lie in public—ln lSf4, when he attemM the Chicago Convention as a delegate a tnc Democratic party of New York. Mr. \[ant was a member o'f the Protestant Eidnvnl Church, and was repeatedly a lay dub£:e to the Triennial General Convention of\ij church. >. THE f £SIAS rUISOSECS. List of Prlsouent Couflaol ami Sen* fenced In Toronto Since June La*!. [Toronto Despatch (February 1) to the New York Herald.] Below will ho found a complete INI of the Feoian prisoners conflucd iu the old jail since June lust. TLcro Is at present couUiu-d In this city over twenty-six of the prlsom rs, three of whom—Henry Lavelin, Peter Doyle and John Moran—will,on the removal oftlie others to Kingston, he sent to the now jail. The condemned prisoners now an alt their re moval to Kingston with resignation. It is not likely that they will bo removed t>» the Provincial Penitentiary until the Boi.tum*.- nf those con vie led at the present Astd/,«*s are commuted. Thu following are the names of the convicted, discharged and acquitted: Convicted—Culotu I Itoh-rt 810-m Lynch, Ihv. John McMahon, Wn. Havin. W. Hayden, i n-J l Whclsn. Thomas Schovl. John Oijhi, Jamm Burke. Thomas Cooney, Bernard Unmi, John Gal lagher, Owen Kennedy. J. IHley. Peter Paul Led wttb, Patrick McGrath, Thomas 11. M .xw*n. P. Norton, John O’Conner. P. O’Neill, W. Vurtell, Daniel Onion and John Kogan. Acquitted— K*v. I). F. Lnnisdon. n.’oJamli Par ry, Win. Baker. John Corey, Michael Coeoran. James Dlmond.John Dillon. Patrick D'fohn*, Daniel Drummond, W. Duggan. Fredwdt Fr , Jobu Grace, John Uachee, Palilck ‘V-aDug, Francis Kin?. George Matthews. J:oe* Mc- Bononpb, WiUlam Orr. John Smith ml James Spanieling. Dismissed, no bills being fount! in »ae eves, <n others the evidence being Insufflcllt to war rant detention—James Bell, Panic Bedlew, Thomas Callahan, Patrick Connors, itrlck Do lan, M. Dotley, John Dlneetr,' Drid Dnnn, Thomas Dunn, Michael Flannlgan,A. Flans brotigb, Patrick Garvey, D. D. HamnL, Michael Dart, James ft. Dick man, James Dim, John Johnston. Edward Kelly, C. Keys, tv terrlgao. Patrick Kilbride. M, KIMO-nthed Jam's Langtry, Dennis Lanahan, Willli Madi can, John Mahoney, John Wartlidd, George Miller, T. Monday, K. i\Morler, Jas. Quinlan, John Belli, James ItciV Thin. Reynolds, Thor. Ryall, James Knhtluichae! Shannon, John Sheridan. John N. Snydr.i*me4 Wallers, Gto. Wells, Tbo*. Wilkes. P. \Morri son. John A. Mnrphy, M. McDonald. John Needham, Francis NUctfcd Pat O’.v alley. \ DU charged on ball—John Carney, Jameidioa, Thomas Davis, Thomas Ellis, Daniel Foil An gntliis Godey. W. Kirkland. Owen Kirkjohn l.cmmor, Henry Marvel, P. O’Brien, tmes Webb. P Awaiting trial—Peter Doyle, Henry IjeUe* John Moran. \ Xlie manufacture of money,■ C***om the New York Evening Gazi-ttei In one thing, at least, the AraercanjWe outstripped the rest ol the world, anf that Is in the manufacture of paper mane* The artistic and mechanical skill wbief is lav ished upon onr bank note* exct«a mat of any other country on the face of th» globe— the hank notes of England and France are comparison. Strangers It may seem, the finest best steel engra\*ng is done in !/*u * " York, and for steelmens ex lubltcdthc Bank No* Company took the first premia at the WVjd’a Fair, held m London, As a reward for heir tri umph of skill and art, it may almost ho said with truth that the city o( New York, though this one establishment, furnishes the >hole world with her hank notes. Greece, Italy, Russia, and the British Provinces, Brxil, Nicaragua, and the South American Repub lics, too numerous to mention, with Mexico and the United States, send their orders tu this establishment, receiving in return money which commends Itself /or Its exceeding beauty. The Italian order lor money, next to that of the United States, is the largest one ever executed. Someideaof its size may be formed when it is stated that one hun dred and twenty thousand sheets, contain* ing twenty-five notes each, arc seat off each week I ' An Karlbqa&ke at Honolnln. rnonolula Correspondence of the N*w York ilerald.) At half-past twelve o’clock a. m* on the 27th of November, Bouoluluans vere star tled by a loud report, soon followed by a shaking, which caused some little darm! I was certainly startled for a tune, until I silted it through my head that it warn smart effort of mother nature to shake herself. In some parts of the town It wa severo enough to make frame buildings slice and § roan, while crockery rattled briskly Many liferent theories have been advance as to the causes which produce eartkpakes; but, having a volcano, we natural ay oar periodical ague fits at its door, ,131 re ports from the volcano are that i? very active, many ncir lakes of lava bar - lately been formed. “Sosar,” said an Irishman to 1 servant, •‘what are the bells rim “In honor of the Princess birth the replv. “Be easy. Jewel, rel “none of your tricks upon tmreiui the Prince oftVales’ on tho9th,«ni It he hla eiitcr’e t.elye days «It< indjdc, they «e tirim! IHlow far ?” was I Pal, ’twos w can oless,