Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, 8 Şubat 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated 8 Şubat 1867 Page 2
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€l)icacjo tribune. DAILY, TEMVEEKLY AND WEEKLY. OF FICE. Ho. 31 CLARK-ST. Tbtn are ctrev editions of (be Tststm* Owned, nt. very notalny.fwclrcaliOon by camera, newsmen ana the mails. 2d. The Tti WnocLT, Monday*, Wed. ccpdsji and Fridays, for tbe malls only; and Uie WnacLT.oaThnredaji, fur the malls and sale at Mr coaster and by newsmen. Terms efthe L'hlesse Tribune: Dally delivered la tbe nty <mt week) 8 93 • “ •* “ (per quarter;.... 3.23 Dally, to mall subscriber* (per scrum, pays. bieln advance) tIS.OO Tri-Weekly, (per annum, payable In advance) H.OU Weekly, (per annum, payable In advance) ‘i.oo tr Fractional parts of the year at tbe same rates. PT Penom remitting and ordena* Ore or more coplf* of diber tbe Triweekly or Weekly edition*, may retain ten per cent ot the subsolptioa price as a commission. •None* to SUMCXtacst.—la ordering tbe addreu 01 fonr paper* chatuwd, to prevent delay, be sure and epectfr wfcbledition yon Ukv—Weekly, Triweekly, or Dally. Alto, give yoor raEasKT»Bdftttare addrtM tr Money, by Draft, Bzpre**, Money omens or la Beglftered Letter*, may be eeat at oar tkk. Addrrat, TBIBDKEUOm rhlraao. lit. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 8. ISII7. TUB IIB€ONftTItrCTIO.V KRPOItT. The so-called '‘leader” of Hie lloiuo of Representatives on Wednesday submitted to Congress a Mil embodying the plan of reeon* structlun adopted by bln committee. Were Jt not a matter of aerluus and distressing mortiflcallon to tho country, we might feci deposed to unite lu tbe general smite with which it Is received by tho people. Of tbe many weak proportions that have been made this Is the weakest; ol tbe tmmy Im practicable propoalllot)i, this ts the most Impracticable. It is positively worse tbau do proportion. When IjCO surrendered, every rebel Slale (lorerimicnt also surrendered; when armed rebellion was abandoned, the civil authority of Ibe rebellion Was also abandoned, ami the Confederate Abil rebel' 6Ule organizations dissolved. and beeuine cxillicl. Since then Andrew Johnson baa reconstructed ibe old State (internments, and Congress, instead of pFopdsiitg to demolish these treasonable or gahiMllorts, or even to pnt them on ibe basis of universal suffrage, proposes to permit Ibem to remain as (internments ds/or/ooi ibe several states, and set live Hrigadier Henerals, to be appointed bv Andrew dobiison, lo waleh Hieiih ' Tide Is a retrograde, luMead of a forward movement. It parries ns baok to Hie eondl- Hon of things at Ibe eb«e of Hm war, will) the addlibm of reviving, and, by Impllmtlon, reeognUing and legalising ttm rebel (invent meme which expired with tbe r«be||lon. U inillatea nothing n*>wj It leaves tlm rebel Government* m fq)i operation, subject to the military authority, precisely us they now are, and proves no reform whatever. As long as the military are under the orders and control of the President, the degree to which the civil authority shall bo subordinate to the military, is unavoidably within his dis cretion. That is the case now. Were those rebel Governments not the favorite children of the Executive, the military rule would now be the superior, if not the only, author ity in those districts. Mr. Stevens’ bill has no other practical effect than to give legal ity to Johuson’e Illegitimate organizations, and the sanction of Congress to the basis on which they exist. There Is not a remedy or a protection given by his bill which Is not already furnished by the Civil Rights and Frecdmcn’s Bureau acts. The country wonts some substantial measure, and the committee offer them a thing of straw. The country wants legis lation that will put all other questions at rest by securing universal suffrage. This bill extends the suffrage to no human being. On the contrary. It winks at the deprivation of that right under which the colored men now suffer. It confirms the existing usurpa tions whereby loyalty is proscribed, and treason invested with the authority to rule. It is barren of all benefits to the people at large, or to the loyal men in the rebel States, and leaves the whole subject of reconstruc tion to be disposed of by further legislation. In short, it has no moral basis whatever. It is folly for Congress to proceed as if they were ignorant of what the people desire. Suffrage and civil government must go to gether. No Government, civil or military, will be long tolerated which proscribes the loyal man and elevates the traitor to power and place. Let Congress, unless it wants Andrew Johnson to go before the country with a plan, and the only plan offered, begin at the foundation and make universal suf frage the test, without which there shall be no civil Government of any kind in the rebel : States. Let them proclaim that fact by con stitutional amendment, tml thereby abolish, or sweep away, the present usurpations, which are nothing more nor less than the old rebel Governments revived. Let tVcm provide, by an enabling act, that when the people of those States, or an}' portion of them, shall be prepared tor a civil Govcrn ernment. universal suffrage secured beyond contlnccney. they ahmU resume lUalr places In the Union. Congress most know that this la what the people demand; they uuit know thst the • people will'accept nothing less as satisfactory, and that any other scheme Is hat a delusion and a snare. Meanwhile Andrew Johnson accepts the timidity of Congress as evidence of their fear of him. and be will treat them accordingly. He bos presented, to the people a plan of settlement, embodying much of the amend* menttothe Constitution now pending be* fore the Lcgliltfturesof the States. It has the virtue of being a plan— having a definite result if adopted. The people who, last fall, voted with such unanimity to sustain Con gress, look in vain to that body for any prac tical measure. It Is all froth—a t >tal neg lect of duty, a violation of all implied pledges, and scemiugly a surrender to tho rebels and to Andrew Johnson. Moreover, the suddenness with which this moonshine plan was thrown out gives rise to the sus picion that Congress did not intend to pre sent any plan until Andrew Johnson came forward with his. Congress bos wasted Its time devising a scheme to double the taxation ol the coun try lor the benefit of a class. Tho corn and wheat of the Northwest have been taxed to the extent of seventy per cent of their cash vainest the place of grot*lb. Congress has bad full time to attend to this Job of the Eastern capitalists, but upon the great national question of reconstruction and sulfragc, all they can show at this late day of the session, Is an abortive scheme, the only practical effect of wntch can he to legalize Hie usurpations of Andrew John son, and keep alive the rebel Hove Turnouts which he rescued from the ruins ot the tale Confederacy, it was not for this Hint Hm people voted last fall: ami Congress should know hy Hits time, Hint tin* pe«pio know bow to punish those who break faith with them TIIIC 1*110(411 KNN Ol* ITIIM- OI’IMO.N, It Is now m arly two years slime Hm Chi cagoTmitUNK ilimnmhul Impartial sitlliMgii as the only Just ami »nfo liaM* of rocoiuiruo. thin. We inak* no claims to Miiperfor poll. Heal sagacity or foresight; hut slimo ours was among the first, If not tho very first, Ru. publican Journal In the country to advocate this principle, it is with pride and gratifies. Hon that we witness Us rapid growth ond assured triumph—a growth altogether with out precedent in history. At that time the proposition was unpopular. It was received with execration by the entire Copperhead press and party. Tho Republican politicians, with few exceptions, were either afraid to meet tho question, or were openly hostile. Some secretly desired it, and acknowledged Its Justice as an abstract proposition, but thought the people would not sustain it; that the coun try was not prepared for it; that the work of reconstruction would be retarded by It, and that the Republican party would Imme diately lose its ascendency by adopting it as a dlstlncHvc principle. In (act, the great ef fort of the Copperheads was to make It ap pear that the Republicans bad really adopted the doctrine, believing that It was odious to the people, and would work tho dissolution and overthrow of the dominant party. Tho nUcertalnty that hong over the policy of the President, and over the disposition of the peo ple of the Soup), was also calculated to add to the Imaginary embarrassments of the pro position. It was believed that the South bad surrendered In fact as well asln form,and that her people were disposed to live with us henceforth as brethren of a common house hold ; and the belief of the existence of these most desirable sentiments, awakened corresponding feelings of generosity and for giveness In the North. There was a dispo sition to let the people of the South have their own way as far as possible, If they would actually bury the hatchet In good faith. And had they done so, It Is probable that universal suffrage would have received a blow more fatal than tho combined hos tility of the Administration and the so -called Democratic party. The apostasy of tho President, tho fierce hatred of those lately in rebellion, and the shedding of Innocent blood, aroused tbe North to a sense of the true situation; and thus, under Providence, the conspiracy against liberty was made to work for tbe very end which was sought to be defeated. For ourselves, we had no hesitation from tho beginning In advocating universal suf frage, because it was right, and therefore certain to gain the day, sooner or later, and also, because we believed that tho war bad prepared the great heart of the people to do justice to a persecuted race, in which they had found on efficient sad faithful friend and ally In tbe day of trouble. We believed that a nation dressed in mourning for Us slain bo* roes, could not turn its hack upon those who had shared the perils and privations of tho cause in which they fell—that tho fothei stendlig at tho grave of his msr\tff>d son, could not do such violence Whls own conscience tad tho common Impulses of humanity, as to harbor hatred and Injustice toward tho negro who fought under the same flag. We belloTod that the war had broken up tho foundations of those false prejudices lu the North which made senseless political dlstctlnlons. es effec tually as It had broken the ranks of tho rebel atmlca In the South, and that a century of peace would not hare sufficed for the moral rCTO.utlon wrought by, four years of war against slavery. We know two years ago that we wore on th ® right ground; yet the rapidity with which the doctrine ol universal suffrage has crown is most surprising. This growth has not been confined to tho ranks of tho Re publican party; H has carried its con quests into the strongholds of tho Copper heads ; it has converted tjio Chicago Time* ; it has penetrated the slave States themselves, and one of them, Tennessee, now admits her subjugation to it, by giving tho ballot to the negro. And having, as It were, put all other enemies under Its feet, It has at lost triumphed over Its greatest enemy—Andrew Johuson and the opostates that fell with him from their high places in the respect and love of their countrymen, and the rep* rcseiitatlvcs ol those bastard Governments which he set up In tho South for the over throw of freedom and tho rc-cslahllshmcnt of slavery. II they do not believe, they tremble. It Is true that the new plan of reconslrne llm, that comes to the country with tho Stamp of Executive approbation, does not propose universal suffrage, nor even to make limited sullrago n port oflhc Cooetltullon of lire United Stales. Bui II Is also true that the proposition for qtiulffied negro suffrage which Johnson and Dixon and Doolittle now pul flirt li, is a recognition of the Invincible power of the principle wo have advocated, sod of Hie hold ti has obtained on the popu lar favor. It Is pul fbrth in the hope Hint Ihe country will accept II as a cam promise, since the cowardly nod ctlmllinl Insellvlly of Congress offers the country On extension of the suffrage at all, And thus It la a tribute lu id,lvors,tl suffrage • and an aeknowledg, mi nt of Its astonishing growth, and Us cer tain and speedy Irlnmiii,, Tilt? WAUfetlOtliti HIM,, The people uf Chicago, mid of the whole Stale, in lad, are waicbmg the fotenfMr. EftMiuan’e warebuiire blit with the deepest Iniere*! } and Ibev will emHlmm H) watch U imill it la decided, They ju«dly regard Hie eonleii a* a a niggle for llicir rights against an nnaernpnlmiasml highhanded monopoly. I‘hev will accept imlhlng abort of a measure Dial will open Hie bushiNM to pomputUbm, and render ImirfwslMe Hie dishonest prao. Hoes which arc Inseparable from Hie present system, If fiaimlors imagine they can escape thu responsibility of » vot« against such a measure, they certainly deceive them selves, On one side are the people, with their eyes open, culling on their renreseuta* lives to do their duly. On the other side are the lobby agents of these wealthy mo nopolies. Which shall prevail ? That Is the question. Are the people to he cheated of their rights and thwarted In their reasonable wishes by the treachery of the men they sent to Springfield to do tMr bidding ? Will the money of the lobbyists outweigh the sense of duty which forma the first qualification of & legis lator? The time has passed when Senators can barter away the rights of their constituents with impunity. They are watched, and will be held to a strict ac countability. Had this Elevator Bill been left to stand or fall on Us merits, its passage would never have been doubtful. There can bo but one side to this question If tested by the princi ples of fair dealing and common honesty be tween man and man. If the Iniquities with which the warehouse monopolists arc charged did not exist, they would never have opposed it. Bat the hot haste these gentlemen made to send their agents to Springfield, and their open boasting that they would defeat it, shows that a great system of fraud Is threatened. Their craft Is in danger, and they will spare no exer tions in ihclr power to uphold it. TfIK STATE PRINTING. There is a pi oposltion before the Legisla ture to print several large volumes contain ing the history of all the Illinois regiments, with the names of all the officers and men, and all the particulars concerning each tba‘- are known to the Adjutant General. The fob Is an Immense one. It will take the pub lic printer several years to exccntc It, and the expense all told, it Is impossible to esti mate closely, but will not be less than one hundred thousand dollars, and perhaps twice that sum. The hills for paper, printing, and binding, for the last General Assembly, reach ed over $140,000, and now It is proposed to throw in this additional work, making the total expenses for paper, printing and bind ing of this session, not less than $300,000. We arc glad to sec that.thc Senate has re committed this measure, which under the guise of doing justice to the soldiers, causes an cnormons printing job. Toe only soldiers to be proßicd by it arc lUum> who do the printing. T»ie monuj wkleU It U proposed to squander In this job, might be spent with iar more credit In providing homes, food and clo*hing for the disabled soldiers, and In pro vidlng for the education of the orphans of those who fell In battle. Wo endorse every word that Senator Ward said on ihlsqucstion. Some time ago, there was a hill introduced Into the House by Mr. Parker, of Kankakee, upon the subject of Slate printing, and look ing to a reform in Its abuses. What lias he- come of tho measure? Before the LegUla* lature orders any more hundred thousand dollar Jobs of printing and binding, It would i>c well to ovcibaul and correct the present system by which the State printing is con tracted lor, and under a new system there might he enough saved in a few years to pay for printing a handsome memorial to tho noh'c at mics of Illinois. Let the Legislature lake up Mr. Parker's bill and pass it. KAIiIIOAD KILL EXCitAOlt»>!• NA»I. A hill Ims been Introduced in the Slate Senate, In ngnrd to the sale of the Illinois Central Railroad lands, and the levying of n tax on the sains*. It provides that the Audi tor of the State shall cause the railroad to sell nil Its lard? within two years after the expiration of the ten years mentioned In tho charter, and if the lamia arc not sold within the time specified, then they shall he taxed ihc same ns the land of private persons. All this Is eunliilned in the llrst section, ami proposes nt least one and probn bly two clear violations of the contract betwien Ihc Illinois Central Rail road and the Slate, which cxitrcady exempts Ihoj-c lands Ironi taxation so tong us they ore held by Hie corporation, and docs not, us we have shown In it thrnicr article, rcqiibo any foreid snleofiill the lands, hut only that ‘hey shall lii’oli'cred at public sale Hut the sections Hint follow nro stilt more • xtmonluiniy. As Is Known, the railroad Is now required to pay seven per emit of Its «ioss earnings Into tho HUlo Treasury. This MU proposes Instead of lovcn per cent on Hm gross earnings j\ve per cent, and a lax of thremfourihi of one per cent on "all Hie stocks, properly and asseta of every name, belonging to said company." Hut not sal'sfled with this eoinplieaHon, tho authors of this hill provide, in the fourth section, that If the live per cent taxon the gross earnings, and Hie three-fourths of one per cent on the property, do not amount to a sum equal to seven per cent on the gross re ceipts in any one year, then the company shall pa}' a sum that will make the amount equal to seven per cent. But If both taxes together amount to more than seven per cent, then the whole shall be retained by the State. It would, we think, be difficult to concoct .t measure more mischievousandabsurd than this. In the first place, the State is bound by its contract as much os the railroad, and has no more right to disturb Us provisions. Every proposition In the bUI is a proposition to violate tbe obligations of the contract contained In that charter, and thus to release tbe railroad from Its obligations to pay anything. s ‘ The payment of seven per cent, according to the provisions of the charter, yields a largo revenue to the State. Is It Intended to Increase It ? If so, U cannot be done, for it is nominated otherwise In tbe bond. If it is not intended to Increase It, then why not let the matter rest where It Is? Why not let well enough alone? The anthois of this bill, whoever they are, whether intentionally or otherwise, arc working directly against the State of Illinois and the interests of the people. They arc taking a coarse which, if persisted In, will be likely to result in releasing tbe railroad from all obligation to observe its part of the contract, and thus escape tbe payment o! half a million a year Into the State Treasury. If the railroad company desired to get itself released from the obligation to pay the State seven per cent of Us gross receipts- it wonld employ somebody In the Legislature to tinker Us charter at every ses sion. We say this without Intending to Im pute any wrong motive to Senator McCon nell, whom we believe to be an honest man. Bui we affirm that there is no way in which the railroad can be so effectually released Horn its obligations as for tho State to tran scend Us own rights In the premises. Hence, we hold that those who are pressing this bill - ate not tho true friends of the State. ST* The Burlington (Iowa) Uatekeye asks, with great simplicity, " What kind of econ. “ omy is that which would make tho farmers “of lowa dependent upon a foreign market •* for their surplus produce ?” The answer Is that the formers of lowa are already de> pendent upon a foreign market for their sur plus produce, and always have been, and al ways will bo—precisely as tho tea growers of China are dependent upon foreign markets for Ihtir surplus produce. Tho only way the fanners of lona can coaso to bo dependent upon a foreign market for their surplus pro duce is to hum their surplus for fuel, amt go without lea. To enact that an agricultural country shall not raise a surplus of agricul tural products, and to Impose a flue or seventy per cent upon the farmer for raising such a surplus, Is a crime on tho part or those who understand tho question, and a blunder on tho part of those who do not. In the former category are tho Eastern mami; factureisandaoeculators. In the latter arr the editor of tho Burlington Jlauiktyt and Senator Tates, of Illinois. tknn«vii!i:. The Union men of Tennessee nro fuimilng tho best hopes ol their friends In the North. Thej exhibit a degree ol courage and sa gacity which entitles them to tho highest pral.e. Tho Negro Suffrage BUI, which has passed a Anal rote In tho House of Repre sentatives, Is certain to pass the Senate, It Is said, and to receive the approval of Bover nor Brownlow. Tho Governor’s position on this question, In fact, us on every other Is unequivocal. Tha rebel press of lbs Slate has not contented Itself with pouringont the grossest vituperation and abuse against the 1 oyal Government, but In apprehension of tho passage of this suffrage meas ure, and of the loyal Militia Bill now pending, It has Indulged In open threats ol Insurrection snd war. Nor have tho rebels conilncd themselves to mere lineals of violence. A Union Senator was assassinated liy a notorious guerilla, under circumstances of great atrocity, for the aole reason that hi- was s Union man, and a sup porter of the legislative measures alluded to. The Prat anil Tima, the official paper of the Stale, says It has positive Informs lion of a conspiracy to assaaslnalu Hie lead ing Union men of the Slate, and that large rewards have been inbred to accomplish the atrocious purpose. Itegnrdlrss of threats and ol actual vio lence, and despite lire apostasy of Hie man who could have done morn Ihr them than stir other, but lor his base betrayal of lliclr cause, and In Hie face of llto most appalling difficulties, thohrtVc Union men of Tonnes see have moved steadily lot-ward lit the path of duly, By giving the hallnl In the luynl hlir h I,inn, they now exhibit the hlahest i,u lll't-aj wisdom, Doubtless It tnsls a great ssHtltee of prejudice, It eannol he otherwise wlllt men horn and -reared In a elevehnldln* State, I‘hls foci emillen them in the giealer credit lor the elensl act of justice they have detef, mined lo aoimmpllsh, With the negroes en= freiielilsetl, Hie cause of (he Union Is sale In Tennessee, Willmut lltelr enlrattehlsemeol, II would he In Hie hlelnst degree inseenre, as hes been shown lo the esra of Maryland, The rebels epnreelete I Ills t and hence Hie Inrinns opposition they oiler to the measure, They mot the negro on Hm-hstlledlßld, end Hmy know ho will rise his hallot to uphold the seme cense (or which ho carried the liuyunet, In Ids enfranchisement they see tho handwriting on the well. By this great ineat>uro, Tennessee places herttll In the van of the new civilization of the South. She adopts the principle that will sooner or later redeem that folr land turn tho degradation and stagnation wrought by the system of slavery; and the future historian of liberty In this country w ill point to the Union men of Tennessee, who ore now so reviled by their enemies, as benefactors of their race. Cs7*The New York Tribunt'a latest argu ment In favor of the Tariff Bill la, that it will give men In Pennsylvania such enor mons appetites that they will be enabled to consume four times as much bread and meat as they otherwise could. Uerels Mr. Gree ley’s latest vagary: fFrom the New York Tribune, February 1.1 We print on another pace a letter from Mr. D. J. Morrell, manager of the Cambtla Iron Works. a.Tnl member elect of the Fortieth Congress, show fair the extent of the consumption of agricultural, aiMi especially of Western products, by the iron mnk* r» oi Pennsylvania, with the amount which every tonol Aroerican-njsdo iron contributes to the fcdeial Teeasury, through the consumption of taxed tn-oflncta bf it e Iron-makers. That those wto "are makinc l.on would ccnerally do some thv.g if we Imported all our Iron, Is true; hut Ital they would do anythin? >hat enabled them to consume oce-fomth of the Western produce, or conrilbntc one-fourth so much to the National revenue as tbey now do. N most Improbable. c were awaic that Mr. Morrell and his fellpw Irou-masteis had uood appetites, but we were not aware that the business of roll lux iron enabled a man to cat four times as much as he otherwise could. If It were true, however, that the pending Tariff* Bill would give tlie men of Pennsylvania the capacity to cat a barrel of flour apiece every day, how arc they to pay for it ? It Is not pretended that the Tariff BUI will cnablcan able-bodied man to produce any more iron in tweuty.four hours than he can now, however much It may stimulate his appetite. He must pay for his flour with his Iron. If he cannot produce any more Iron than before, and if the Tariff Bill puts his digestive organs In such an uu natural state that he must have four times as much food as before, somebody must pay the difference. Prior to 1801, lha Bishop of the Dio cese of Illinois held the lands of the Protest ant Episcopal Church of this Stale In trust. In that year, however, the Legislature passed a law transferring the charge to three Trustees. A bill lies Jest been Introduced In ibe General Assembly to repeal the law of 1801, and revive the former law. This mea sure has been asked for by two successive Diocesan Conventions, and it is upon tbo recommendation of these bodies that It U now sought to make It a law. The Diocesan Convention speaks the official lau gnsgo of the Church both clergy and laity; and wc observe that In tlic Convention of 1860 tho vole in favor of the present proposition was unani mous. It would seem that this should settle tin* matter. The Church certainly should have tho right to hold its property luthc way moat satisfactory to Itself,-and it la a matter with which other people have no con cern. The present system is attended with many Inconveniences and gives rise to con fusion of title. Inasmuch ns the trustees are constantly changing. We see no reason wlrv the trill above referred to should not pass. Senator Chandler, in his denunciation of Hie Iron and Sled Association, for trying to smuggle all the worn out rails of Euro pean railways Into Hie country under tho head of “old scrap Iron,” at three dollars per ton. did nut do half Justice to the ease. These old rails are almost worthless. The fibre of the Iron Is destroyed. They are nothing but Iron shoddy. They ore re-rolle J In this country, and told to new roads, whoso officers do not understand llio tricks of the trade, or to land-grant road?, - where rapidity and cheapness of construction arc of more consequence to Hie contractors than dura bility. They Inst only from three to five years, at the end of which time they have to be thrown away and new iron put down, the cost of which is of course assessed upon the fanners, in the form of high (Vetghts. This “old scrap Iron" business is a swindle wltlilii a swindle. JuT* Olio of the most brilliant (teguments in fhvor of the Tariff lilt) Is Hm manure argu ment. According to these geniuses Hm ox poitatlou of breadstuff* to foreign countries deprives Hm soil of America of Hmsit reviv ing and strengthening elements which would ho returned to U If the breadstutfs wore con sumed at home. How these elements arc Rotten out of the sewers and returned to Hm soli by having the hreadstuffs consumed at Lowell or I'iilladelphia, rather than at Lyons or Birmingham, wo nro not Informed. This profound discovery was mode by Hen ry C. Curcy, whose work on “ Social Science” Is characterized by the Xorih American lie • rlete us “ usefbl ouly In showing the possible “ aberrations of the human Intellect.” ST Tbe New York Tribune In denouncing .Mr. Grinncll’s resolution against currency contraction, ears: “If these elcbly-teven gentlemen who are in favor of the perpetuation ol irredeemable piper as too only money or tbe country should manage tbelr persons! attain as they a tempt to manage the public finances, they would each be oa the broad road to bankruptcy.” The New York Tribune cannot apply this proposition to the Tariff Bill without blush- Ing for very shame. We repeat it: If those who vote lor and advocate the pending Tariff BUI should manage their personal qffofe* as they attempt to manage national affairs they would each be ou the broad road to bankruptcy! X&" The provision of the railroad bill re quiring loaded cars to stsnd on the track twenty-four hours at tbo option of the con signee, la clearly wrong. During the busy season of grain shipment, tbe nseofacar twenty-four hours is worth twenty-four dol lars. This twenty-four dollars must come out of the price of the carload of grain, and hence out of the farmer’s pocket. Mr. Shep ard was quite right In opposing this feature of the bill. We hope the Senate will strike it out. The Park Bills, To .he Editor or .he cSSMKf’ ,rn,rl 7 ’ W c notice the remarks of your correspond ent at Springfield on the subject of Parks, In your Issue of this datff. “Drcicla” hate no hill for a Park or other “ swindle" before the Legislature. They do, however, hope to pre vent certain speculators jetting the power to condemn their properly for a Park to the benefit of surrounding swamps owned hv said (peculators. “Drcicln” arc willing to donate land to the city of Chicago fora Park, and if other “ .peculators” arc willing to do the same there need bo no trouble at SprlngOcld on the .uhlcct. Probably the tnx-paycra wonld like this way of getting a Park, as well aa being made to pay for it. Your correspondent evidently does not understand the matter. Yours very respectfully, Heo. C. Smith & Bno. Akswbr. Our position on the Park ques tion Is this j Let the bill bo made as perfect is possible, and lot It bo submitted to a vote oflhc people who are to pay fbr the Park. If the prcxela mako a better offer than the bill makes, that circumstance wilt have 1U duo weight with the people when they vole upon tho question. SPRINGFIELD. The Internal Improvement BiH. Objections to the Bill in its Present Shape. Important Facts Brought lo Light Cost of the Illinois Oanal and How It Has Been Paid. The House Debate on the Railroad Bill. Upiiioval of the Capital aud the Claims of Decatur. The Penitentiary Question. (Editorial Correspondence of (be Chicago Trl bunr.J BrnnrurtcLO. Hi., February 0. As 1 write, (he House la engaged In dis cussing (lie Canal BUI, which provides for (he completion of (lie Illinois Canal, accord lug to the plan of 1800; for the Improve meul of the llllnola Hirer by a system of locks and dams aulllcleut to Insure navlga lion /hr steamboats and other other craft drawing sli fbet of water; fhr the construe; lion of a hew canal from HuUncplU to Hock lalalid | afad for Hie Itu/doTeluetit of Hoek UUeMo the Blale line, by locks aild (lains; ‘ibe bill bas been severely assailed to-day by ihehibefe Buhl the southern atid eastern pof; iltiheor (be Slate, on account of the pro posed Hock island Oitual and Hock River litu pfoveiiiebls, wblub areolijeeied to by some, and denonnued by ul Iters, as purely local Hltairs, wbleli they will never consent ilia! IbePtHicelmll build. A tlitwer of amt-ndmentu were pfo- by idpnilipfs from various portions ol Hip Mittiu,#nmpto strikeout or I’lmime porUousof Die bill, mut «Hn»r« to maku It inpludMopal liunroveiuunts in tlipfr Mvu suctions, Evpry little stream In tl»o titatu is asking (or an appropriation to dam It, ur damn tlm MU, Tim members from tlm Wabash country Insist that tliolr river sbull he placed on as favorable footing as the Rock River. An appropriation is demanded for the Improvement of the Vermillion, the Kankakee, the Ksskaakla, tbo For, tbo Pccu tonica, and the Lord only knows bow many more streams. Tbo game seems to be to load the omnibus so full Inside and out, on top, In front and behind, that the whole ve hicle will smash down under the weight, and the plot will probably succeed. The Egyptians declare that the “aide issues’* have got fo come out of the bill, or thelr’s must also go In. No argument has thus far been made by the friends of the bill calcula ted to convince the Egyptian brethren that their demands arc unsound, untenable or un reasonable. In some of the speeches to-day. It was broadly asserted that largo sections of the State had been grievously taxed to construct the Illinois Canal, which had never derived any direct or palpable benefit therefrom. But, sold the speakers, as we regard that Canal as a work of State utility and not of local character, our not com plain of their past contributions of taxes Ibr the construction of the same. These gentlemen are very greatly mistaken in their premises. Their constituents have wetvr paid a cent of taxes for the construction of Me Illinois Canal, as I shall here demonstrate. The taxes which the people of Illinois have been paying on the State debt for the past twenty years, have every dime gone to pay for the magnificent castles in the air attempt ed to be built In Central and Southern Illi nois between 1826 and 1843, not one of which • was" ever completed, and If they had been built, would to-day be ‘utterly worthless. It was on this vast system of abortive, wild, moon shine projects, that the State sunk and squandered some fifteen or more millions of dollars ; and for which expenditure she has not to-day a dollar’s worth- of value to ex hibit. To pay that debt Is where the two mill tax bus gone these long years, and Is still going, and will go for years to come. Let me now present the readers of the Tkidunb with some figures which may prove to he an eye-opener to some people in sec tions of the Bute away from the Illinois Canal. From the official report for 1867, of the Trustees of the Illinois Canal, to the holdCis of reglttercd bonds, which are the lien bond* on tbo canal, 1 take the following facts nod figures: Mr. Gooding’s original estimate for a Canal from Chicago to LaSalle, of sixty feet width ou the surface and six feet depth of water for navigation, with a drop cut through the Summit that would feed the Canal from the Chicago River direct, amounted to $3,(354,337. Expended bv the Commissioners, under Inc act of IS3«, for tLe construction of the Canal £1,079.901 Expended tty the Canal Trustees under the act of ISW 1,120/iQG Total cost of Canal ((UC9.SOJ . I*r Contra, Ittcclpts from sales of lauds and lota dpt a'cd by the Untied States Govern* ment...,-, .... £1,537,'tt8 Receipts from canal tolls tincc IMS, grws ..*3,529,3*0 I.c«-s expenses of maintenance, repairs, salaries, Jee 1,313,631 Tola] receipts from iandsand lots f&7*ft,s3i Total cost ol Caual 6.409,509 I-xcifsof receipts overcest of Caml.. |301,U18 Here we find that the Illinois Canal lias never coht the State a cent; but, on the con tiaiy, that Its net tolls, added to the lauds donated by Uncle Sam for tbo purpose of bulldiug It, have accomplished that end, and placed In the treasury a balance of over three hundred thousand dollars. The (1,000,000 borrowed under the net of BM3, for the com pletion of the Canal, has been repaid long since from the proceeds of tolls and sales of Canal lands, and Jive millioni of other Cauaf debt besides. The Report of Hie Canal Trustees shows that the receipts from Hie Canal for the years 18CA nud 18C5 amounted to (Wi,UlO, and the expenditures to (‘lin/ng, leaving a profit of tUV.Mir,*, of which the tolls of tho canal contributed nearly haif a million. There is yet due (?fi,M‘-S on Canal bonds sold, and there remains unsold about a ,000 acres nud 400 town lots, from which something wilt bo realized. In vhw of these facts, what become* of ail lids “Mowing" In tho Legislature about (he awful taxes for Hm construction of Hm Illi nois (.‘anal for Hm beimllt of Chicago? Tim truth Is, Chicago has paid n very largo sum In taxes toward liquidating tho principal and Interest of Hm llfteen millions wasted and fooled away in vain efforts to construct public works in other portions of tho State, which have turned out to ho utter fadurus. Tim present net revenue from tho Illinois Caual Is about (000,000 per annum. If that sum were expended In building a dam across the Illinois River, not far above Peoria, to overcome a shallow place or rapids, it would make the river navigable from Peoria to La* Salle to tho mouth ol the Canal, lor as much of the season as .the river Is navigable to Pc oiia. In other words, this one dam would mure than double the commerce of the river, because It would enable steamers to come up to LaSalle for four or five months each sea son, Instead of being limited to six or eight weeks, as Is now the ease. The construction of this one dam, with a lock of adequate size, the whole ot a cost of (300,090, would more than double the business and the tolls of the Illinois River. The revenues of the Canal, after this simple improvement shall be made, will be sufficient to complete the plan on which it was commenced, in four years, and to construct all the dams and locks on the Illinois River needed to secure six feet navigable water, in dry weather, in three more yean, or less. When the Illinois Canal la enlarged and deepened to the requisite capacity, and the river Improved on the plan proposed, the revenues that will flow into the State Treas ury therefrom, if applied in that way, will speedily construct another great Canal to tap the Mississippi at Rock Island and to im prove the Rock, Fox, Kankakee, Kaskaskia, and Wabash to whatever extent thepubllc wants may require. But the first and essential thing to be done is to improve and then perfect the great through channel of water communication between Lake Michi gan at Chicago and the Mississippi at St. Louis. J. M. The-Railroad BUI In the House. {Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune. SrnzwonxLD. m., February S. This has been one of tho liveliest days of the session in the House. Tbe leading ques tion was Hurlbnt’s bill to restrict and con-' trol the passenger tariffs of rail roads. Little but skirmishing has been done with this bill until to-day. It was taken np on special order, and Mr. Cookllng, who is the especial champion of chartered monopo lies and vested rights, opened his batteries upon It by amending it oat of existence. I think ho proposed either to amend or strike out every section of the bill. On his proposed amendments ho proceeded to make a speech, or rather to rehearse tho poorest part of one which he has inflicted upon the House -on several previous occasions. Hts manner, os usual, was dogmatic, oracular and offensive. He classed every man that did not coincide in his views, as very weak in the “ horn books'* of the law, or dishonest in his convictions. When be supposed h* bad os (food os silenced til op position to the vested right* of the monopo lists, he took hi* sett, frith & triumphant ood of hi* bead, and a iclf-satUfled expres sion on his face. General Hnrlbnt thru took the floor In reply, and before bo hsdspoken ten minutes, every man in that assembly knew that the bill was going through by a big vote. Conk ling's poor law and false logic were torn to sbreds and tatters. General Harlbut spoke for nearly an hour, and everybody wonld have been delighted if ho bad continued his speech fbr an hour longer. When General Harlbut bad finished, there was a very general disposition to order the bill to a third reading at once, but as It was post the hour for the noon adjournment, and, as several gentlemen, both friends and ene mies of the bill, desired to offer amendments, or make speeches, an adjournment was agreed to, with the understanding tbst the subject should bo Immediately resumed after dinner. When the House met in the afternoon, al- though there was another special order for that hour, on a question of deep Interest to the whole State—the Internal Improvement Bill—lts postponement wm agreed to by common consent, and the consideration of the Railroad Bill" resumed. < Several amend meats were offered to the bill, and one, offer ed by Mr. Green, of DoWUt, to the effect that If the courts decided the law unconsti tutional as applied to the old roads, it should be declared Inoperative with those newly chartered, was adopted. Tills amendment should never have been adopted, and would not have been, If It had received proper consideration and ventilation. It slm- ply says that tho men who passed this bill have grave doubta of their constitutional right to enfbrcc it. Several attempts wero made to commit the bill to the Judiciary‘Com mlltec, to recommit It to the Railroad Com mittee, Ac., but each proposition was squarely mol by Us friends and voted down, and a Motion made to order 11 lo a third leading; And then a DllblisleHUg siege was inaugurated, led by fipler oil the Democratic side and Taylor on the Republican side, Tavlur’s Ibices Were small, iitiitl- IjeHH* only Aleiandef, Veaiptf, aild Hay, while Rpier was bached by tbs entire Uetnu entile stmiglb or Dm House, with a single eveepDun, These leaders made iimDmii to adjuiiFU i motions far a call of Die House i motions to recommit the hill i motions io he •’-•mused from voting i appeals from the da? nision of the chair, ete>, on each of which Dmy demanded (he ayes and Boe*. The speaker finally put his grappling Irons upon the filibusters, and the question on Dm final passage pf Dm hill was brought to a vote, To the Mionfabment of all, Mr. Taylor, who had fad the Republican filibustering squad, voted tor Dm bill, The emphatic manner In which be shouted “aye * raised a shout of laughter through the whole House. Kemoval of the Slate Capital. 'Special Conespondeoco of the Chicago Tnbane.) brumurnmn,'!!!., February 6. Tho citizens of Deentur are in earnest on the Capital business, and are going in with a determination to win. One of their number has written a pamphlet, which ho entitles, ‘•A few reasons showing why the seat of Government of Illinois should bo located at Decatur; also, showing that If Springfield, or any other city, similarly located, should construct a State House at au expense of two or even three millions of dollars, and tender the key, the State could not afford to accept the offer.” following is a copy •of the document In question : TUB GEOGRAPHICAL AVD PHYSICAL ADVAN* TAGES OF DECATUR. The Third Principal Meridian, passing from the mouth of the Ohio River, directly north, the entire length ol tho State, divides It Into two nearly eastern and western divis ions. The standard line is exactly eqol-dis tout from Cairo and the Wisconsin State line. Both of these lines pass through Ma con County, and within a short distance of Decatur, thus showing It to be, geographi cally, almost the exact centre of the State. While the undulating character of the. grout’d in the city and vicinity,* rising some times almost into mounds; her beautiful groves, lino springs, and creeks of pure water, must commend her to every lover of the State who would sett the seat of Govern ment built up amid the most delightful scenerv, ard where the natural drainage of the soil will always render It one of the most healthful localities In the State. HOW TUE CAPITAL WAS LOCATED AT SPRING FIELD. The scat of Government of iho State was moved from Vandalia to Springfield by an act of the Legislature passedin the year 1830, when the State contained a population of about 547,000, and was brought about by the Influence of certain Individuals who were denominated the“ Long Nine,’’and was the re sult of a scries of the most daring and suc cessful political movements and combina tions, perhaps, ever known In the history of legislation in this country- Every measure which would by any possible means secure a vote for Springfield fur the State Capital,was promised, and not only promised but by tbe combinations which were cfiected, laws were passed authorizing the commencement of public improvements, which many saw and foretold would be disastrous to the State, which predictions, w« are sorry to say, were too fully realized; and the removal of the Capital to Springfield, Gov. Ford says, cost the State not less than six millions of dot lore; other good authority places the esti-I mate us high as fifteen millions. [ The location at Sprint field was then op posed by some of wisest and most far-seeing statesmen, among whom was the late Stephen A. Douglas, upon the ground that it ought to be located at the crossing of the lliinol-- Central und what was then known as the Northern Cross, now known as the Toledo, Wabash A Western Railroad ; that the cross ing of these two great roads, tbe one extend ing tbe entire Ungth of the State from north to south, the other the entire width from : cast to west, would be so near the ccograpli ! teal centre of the Slate, that It would he re- ; carded os the centre, and that it would be more accessible to a very large portion of the luuirc inhabitants of the State than aov oilier point. It was further contended that it was the natural point for the scat of Gov ernment. of the State, and that if the C.ipital was located at any other point, the time would come when the Statu become more densely populated, that the people would be dissatisfied, and demand that It he removed, and that by such removal the Slate would be , subjected to the loss of such buildings as | might then bo (reeled. As before stated, the population of the State In ItSWi was about 347,000; it no v num bers 2.000,000, showing an Increase of 1,1C*3.«X) in thirty years, and at the same ra* tin of Increase, the Slate will at the end of the next fifty vetre contain a population r.f over 20,000,000. And when ills taken into comldeiatlon that the State was first settled on Its borders, owing to its geographical po sition, and peculiar physical structure, and that the future room fur settlement la very largely will very readl- IV be seen that the prospective population will be largely In favor ol the scat ofUovern ment being at the geographical centre, and at the crossing of these two great roads. HAIUtOAII AIIVANTAOBS. 3,183,635 In mlilltlim to the advantages already af forded t»T access to the croadng of the two roads above referred to. reference to Uio man will show Hint several of the most practica ble mules lor railroad* yet to be hulU point to Ibis centre, and for this very reason, that nature seems to Imvo designated It as the place of nil others for the pernmnent scat of Government of ibeHlnle. Iteferenco to tliu map w ill show 1 Unit these two rondi nlford a CNMler distance of travel, without ehiimnj, limn any others In tbo Htnte, amt that al most the entire railroad system of the State would, thr tho pnrmwo of machine tho Card, tnl, hecomo tributary to the Illinois Central, seven per eent of whose earn ings go into tho Mato Treasury. There are also live contemplated roads whleh maku Decatur one of their termini—two.uf which alieady have charters, and the people alone tho lino of tho other three routes are asking this Legislature for charters to enable them to commence their works—the early comple tion of all which no careful observer can for a moment doubt. The tlrst of lbe?o which will be completed, will probably bo tbo Indiana & Illinois (Jen tral, from Decatur to Indianapolis, on an at most air line. The road was organized under acta of tbe Legislatures ot tbo two States, several yean ago; the grading is at least half done, and arrangements are now made for 1U early completion. Tbe second, tbe Decatur & Champaign City Road, tin Montlcello, was chartered, wc believe, at tbe last session of the Legislature, and stock sufficient to grade and tic the road has been subscribed by townships along the line. Third, the road from Decatur to East St. Louis, In a direct line between thsae two, points a distance of abtmt one hundred and twenty miles, afford ing in connection with the road to Champaign on the Illinois Central Branch, almost direct communication between Chica go and St. Louis.' Fourth. That the Decatur* Pekin Road rto Mt. Pulaski and Lincoln, affording Pekin a direct eastern communication, acd Decatur a connection with tbe iUiuols River at the nearest point. Fifth.Tberoad from Decatarto Vincennes Indiana, passing through Sullivan, In Moul trie County, Mattoon, la Coles County, Prairie Cltv, la Cumberland County, and Robinson, in Crawford County. Take these lines, with their connections and they afford tho most feasible and direct line of communication from tbo northwest to the southeast, and from the southwest to tho northeast, which Is, or can be proposed: and needs bat a*cursory examination of the maptosatsfy any one that Decatur must and will soon become the great Jiailruad Centre o! the State—as Indianapolis is the Railroad Centre of the State of Indiana. It is shown that Decatnr la the most natural and feasible point for the scat of Government fbr the State, and If located there no dispo sition will ever bo manifested for Us removal for the simple reason that It will be, for all time to come, the most accessible to all parts of the Stale, and In the centre of the future population. riKAXCIAIXT COXSIt>BEBT». It Is unquestionably the Interest, os well as the duty, ©fall States, cities or corpora, lions, as well os individuals, to foster pro tect, and develop to their fullest extent their own capital and resources. And, as the Illinois Central Railroad Is ihe only Institution or corporation from which the Stale derives any net resonrees worthy of note, and os the State does receive from this road seven per cent of lu entire gross earnings, which amounted during the past year to the sum of nearly one-half a million of dollars. From these considerations it has become the firm and settled conviction of a large portion of our population, that tho in* come to the Stale from the comings of this rood will, ot no very fhr distant day, defray tbc entire expenses of tho State. Now that this much to be desired result may be early and fully realized, wo bold that it is unques tionably the interest of the Stats, and, o /or* ftoH, the Interest of every Individual In the State, to do all In their power to build up and encourage the traffic of this road. Not that wo would encourage, or countenance, any unreasonable or extortionate charges which might bo made by tola or any other road, yet wo believe that no fair-minded man wonld desire that the railroad interest should do business without realizing to the stock holder* a fair interest on their capital in vested. The following estimates of the Increased business which wonld certainly accrue to this mad in this county trom the location of the State Capital at Decatur, aro based mostly upon'actual figures taken from the books of the company: The total ficfaht and passenger traffic of tbU road, In this county, amounted in round numbers to $350,000 during the past year; and from a comparison of the earnings of the road with the increase of the population of the city and county, it Is found that the business of the road bos, as would have been anticipated. Increased pari pawu with the growth of the county. Now seven per cent on s3so,oooaraoants to 124.500, which would bo the amount to bo paid the State annually on the business done by this road, in tills county, with its present population. The present population of the city of Decatur Is about B.OOJ, and It Is cor -talnly a very reasonable presumption to fay tlmt. in ten years oi ordinary prosperity, the

Halation Mil double itself, or roach 10,000, it is equally reasonable to estimate that with the stimulus which would be given to the growth of the city and county, by the temovai of the Capital thereto,the citv would have at the end of the period spoken of u population ot at lca*t til,ooo. VVo also think it very reasonable to calcu late the growth of the city and county, nud consequently the Increased traffic of the road in the comity for the ten years succeeding those above referred to ut oue-lmlfuf the In crease estimated above. Now. according to the data above set forth, It Urn Statu Capital thntild be removed to Decatur, the receipts of the Central Hull road in tills county will be Increased at the rate of twenty percent per annum for the first ten years, and at t be rate of ten per cunt per annum for the succeeding ten years, one- Lolfof which would bo directly and fairly atlrlbulablo to the stimulus afforded to the growth and business of tho city and county, In consequence of the locution of the Stale Capital; and the erection of the necessary public bmldlucs in her midst. .The Oral year’s increase, according to these estimates. Would he SIU,OOO j seven per cent on one-lialf of which (t&VCUj wonld be $2.45U;. Seven per cent oh the lust (of auth) year’s inereate would amount to t/hi. The total amount pub) the Slate on one: half of the. increase estimated Would he $147,125 during the period u( twenty yeats, Adfl lu this seven per cent on the hist year's lueredfe luMhulv year*. $1,1(71,™ (aMhwmg that (he city nr coffin y doe* nol Increase Ms pupukiioh, and therejoie tlmmail dues not [-crease Ms Halim ar ; cr the period ul the Imvy .Him sum of which would he paid itio Dm PiaMrya-mry far Dm nercaecd trafficof ibis road in thU county. which would h« directly fitirN(ahfa|p Dm Wat)on nr the Uamial oi Dm ntaie hi Decatur, which U enough of R* sc|( to build a very respacmhfa (Hate limisu. saying nothing of Dm bonus of $1,000,000 which Ufa county of Manon and city of Ue ? chtnr nroposu to pay Mm Statu, in cimshfara tfan that Urn State Capital he removed to said city. Nor wonld this ho all; the Influence of tho loc-uliim of the Capital at Decatur would bo very sensibly felt, for many miles in either direction along the line of this road, beyond the limits o| Macon County—and toa greater or less extent along the entire length of the road—without doubt In the aggregate, lo on amount equal to that estimated for this county, thus making the proposition of the city ol Decatur and county of Macon to the pecuniary advantage of the State In the sum of $3,052,125, and of from $75,000 to a sura which no man can correctly estimate per an num, as the State becomes more densely populated, for all time to come, after the ex phation of the time for which these esti mates are made. It will be plainly seen from these catena tions that Iflbe city of Springfield, or any other city similarly located, should erect a Slate House costing two or three million dol lars, and tender the key, the State could not afford to accept It. The citizens ol Decatur did not dream that any effort would be made at this session of the Legislature to permanently locate the State Capital, not thinking that the present interests of the State, considering her present resources and necessary expenditures, de manded such a step. But Spnngilcld is not blind to the fact that the future interests of the State demand that the scat of State Gov ernment should be located on the line of the Illinois Central Railroad—and as rfear the centre of the State as possible—and is there fore attempting by every mcansin her power to make some bargain with the State, where by she can compel the erection of the new State House in her city. The permanent location of the Capital docs not affect the present, so much as the future population of be State, and therefore certainly deserves very careful Consideration before any deci sive action is taken. SUMMARY. 1. Macon County is the geographical ecu* tre of the Stale. 2. The location of Decatur, its pure water, and complete drainage, render it one of the most beautiful and healthy cities in the State. . 8. Its railroad advantages are, and will ever be, superior to those of any other city In the Slate, except Chicago. 4. Financially considered, It la at' least $3,iV>2,125 to the advantage of the State to remove the Stale Capital to Decatur. The Penitentiary ftneatton. (Special Correspondence ot the Chicago Tribune.] SrnwontLD, 111., February 6. One of the most important affairs before .the General Assembly, aside from the groat Canal Hill and the railroad restrictions, is puj. settlement of the Penitentiary concern. At the last session, it will be remembered, the claims for building, etc., were positively enormous, and excited no little comment and censure. This year, however, Urn contrac tors have left the entire matter in the bands of tbs Commissioners, and the architect ap pointed by thym, Mr. J. M. Van Osdci, of Chicago, has, after careful Investigation, put an exact value on every individual item of expenditure or labor claimed by them. The Immediate result has been the reduc tion of the claim by about $20,000 from what it was when last presented for the sanction of the General Assembly. The Joint Com mittee on Pcnltcutiary were so fully satis fied of the correctness of the claims made now, that they passed them entire, but uot until after close scrutiny, mid thorough examination of witnesses and vouchers. In the Senate, to which the bills were first reported from the committee, a single small Item of $2,800 was cut out, but that seemed to be done more to show that the disposition to leduco existed than for any other reason. Xo doubt Is entertained of the adoption, by the House, of the same action as the Senate. Senator Strain, chair man of the Senate Penitentiary Committee, has been very particular about the assertion In the bill of allowance that this is a finality; that no “old accounts” or “allcr-claps” shall disturb the peace of future commlUccs or General Assemblies; that, in short, every thing Is “squared up,” and It is to be hoped that he will not be disappointed. The next question of Interest connected with this Institution ts the granting of the new lease, and, although it is a very Impor tant measure, there is little probability of any decided contest over tl. The Democrats have held the teases ever since tST*, but Inst year the lessees Hilled to “come down” for tlio farther support of the parly, on the ground Hint the parly was of no use to them, ami Ibis disgusted tho leaders o( tbo Do* tniK’Mey (o sneb an extent that they swore they "would rather let It go clean to the Republican* at once, (ban have tho name without any of the game.” Then, again, tho Democrats In tho General Assembly have snllldont lutein* gi-nco to recognize the fact that they couldn't gel thu thing again even If they wanted it. 8o they stand nlool, saying, “it's none of our fight.” Thus fur only ono firm has appeared openly In tho race, they who bought out Uuckuißbler’s share in tho unexpired leaser hut It Is understood that there is another combination secretly at work. The parties whose application is now in the hands of the Penitentiary Committee arc Colonel M. if. Bain, Major General T. O. Osborne, Major Burns, and Colonel R. B. Hatch, all well known citizens, and the first two, at least, distinguished soldiers. These gentlemen have bought onc-balf of tbo stock and machinery of the old lessees, rained in total at $198,200.83, by taking Buckmastcr’s third interest and a sixth Interest from Mitch ell. The lease nnder which they now arc working expires In two years, and they are endeavoring to obtain 1c for themselves alone, at the end of that time, for a term of ten years. The strongest argument in favor of the granting of the lease Is in the fact that if it Is given to these parties Colonel Bain will be tho new Warden. He has already, by direction of the Commissioners, assumed that office, the Penitentiary haring been left, by the retire ment of Bnckmastcr, without anyfesponsi ble head, and has commenced the Important humanitarian and other reforms planned by him when in the Legislature In ISs7and 1S50; but until he is invested with full authority by the State, cannot effectually put In prac-_ tlcc his new system of government and disci-’ pllne, which, U is believed, will be produc tive of so much radical change for good. For his humanitarian views,‘when he was chairman of tho House Penitentiary Com mittee, in 1857, he was severely attacked by the leaders of the party to which he then belonged, but the Legislature paid him the compliment of printing for public distribu tion ten thousand copies of the report In which he embodied Ibosc views. Colonel Bain was a practising physician when <bc war broke out, but when the calj was Issued for men, promptly offered his services to his country. He raised a regiment, mainly In his own county of Adams, and in 1801 was ordered with bis command Into Missouri. On the bloody field of Shiloh ho lost bis right arm and received a bullet In* his right lung, where it still remains, but, notwith standing his Injuries, continued in active ser vice until Sherman, under whom he served, reached Atlanta. Notions after he wont Into the army the Democrats formally “ read him ont of tbo party.” The loss of bis arm has prevented hts continuing the practice of his profession, and, since his dis charge from the service, he has devoted him self, until the present time, to the study of thMaw. Few men have as good, and none a better “army record.” Major Bums was a Paymaster In the army, a fhtthftil officer, a man of Integrity, and Is well known as ono of tho most efficient woik* Cra for the Republican party In the Quincy section of the Stale. General T. 0. Osborne is too well known In Chicago to need any commendation here. If one says a good thing of him there, every one answers, “ Wc knew that before,” and if a bad thing should bo said, the reply would be, ** Wo don’t believe It.” Colonel Hatch Is the brother of the popu lar ex-Secretary of State. There are, as already stated, no contest ants appearing on the surface, but there Is good reason to believe that an under current of what Is sometimes unphomlstlcally termed “ undue influence” Is at work. Quo of the first Indications of. the direction of ibis under-current Is the talk In favor of the adoption of the Ohio system, or at least a modification of It, for the government of the penitentiary. Very little argument, it would seem, can be needed to show the supe riority of our Illinois system, 11 properly managed, while a great deal wonld be.neces sary to show any possible advantage in the Ohio plan. In Ohio, the State receives forty-eight cents per day for the labor of her convicts, but she feeds, clothes, warms and guards them, the result of which Is that at Ihectoee ofllio year, with 700 convicts In her penitentiary, she finds herself $17,000 “out and Injured.” If Illinois receives nothing from the labor of her convicts, she can at least ho kept from expense in their maintenance. The difference between keep ing up such an institution by prirutu enter prise and through public agents, Is calculat ed nl not less limn fifteen to eighteen cents per diem for each convict, the advantage be ing In favor of the former. This subject MB, however, bear further consideration at another lime, particularly after the meeting of tlic Joint Committees on Penitentiary, which will be held this evening. Don. NOTES FROM THE PEOPLE. currency* ftptclc Payment, Tariff and tlie llaUruad Monopoly* ilhirrul, Ml, February 0; To the feilllor of the Chicago Tribune: 1 have been a constant Fender of the Tninifie almost since it was first published, di d must say, i believe ltd principled right, and that ll Ims dune more far the oily of fhlcagu, the Northwest, ami the country at large than any Journal In the euinilfy. Tour uominehtson the proposed tarilf, Wilis ualunlati-dlu rub the agrieulliirlsUml coup mob laborer, working disaster in Dm end lu l)Mi»e now Glamoring far it, have Dm right Mufai It wonld nut Im strange, however, where there are no many minds am) families ing Interest* in the emiiitry, If the TnrnPkn sfamid occasionally he wrong or mistaken. In ym,r urtfafa o| lfahnmry 1, yon say j “Wopropose that Congress hyrtmwdo? elaru thm on and alter July next, greenbacks shall he a fapal tender only for their value in gold ? that far all debts and dues contracted before that time they ehull he, as now, legal tenders, for their face value; but in all tram adieus after that dale they shall be a legal tender only for tbulr value in gold on the day ihey are tendered,” Ac. Thin, In my opinion, would bo repudiating so much of the United Slates indebtedness, and will be of Incalculable mischief to the debtor, adding after July 4th from thirty to forty per cent to his .indebtedness, unless the law should bare the effect you scum to think, which Is doubtless altogether out of the question. • I would recommend the fol lowing to Congress, which I believe would bring us at once to a specie basis, to the in jury of no one: That Congress pass a law, to go Into immediate effect, that greenbacks arc and shall be considered on a par with gold and silver; that they shall remain, as now, legal tenders for all debts In the United States where gold and silver is used ; that Government shall issue one hundred millions more greenbacks, or so much os Is needbd to do the Increasing business ot the country; and, further, that there shall be greenbacks Issued to take the place of the private National Banking -currency ; and that Bald banks and all persona shall receive and pay gold and silver for them at par. And that the Government set the example by calling In, to the extent of the gold and sli ver now being hoarded In tho Treasury De partment, the compound interest notes. This would reduce the indebtedness of tho country and soon bring out the silver change so much needed In the minor transactions of business. This tho bankers, I am aware, would not like, but, os they consult no body’s Interests but their own, we are under no obligations to consult them in the mat ter. - Oucrwcrd about tariffs. If Congress gives the manufacturers the excessive bounties asked in the proposed tariff, I hope will make a law compelling them to pay ail of the extra duties now asked for into the Treasury of the United States, and all other duties according to existing tariffs, and sec to it that the same is collected and applied to the extinguishment of the national debt. If the present proposed tariff is allowed to become a law, the operatives of the manu factories of the country would have to work at.the same wages as now, or perhaps less, which they can afford to do, when -it is re membered that the farmer gets only about tlin Mmo for Ms products ttast tic »ll«l beibre the war, when the gold price of wheat, com, beef, pork, Ac.. are considered, and that he has to pay from two to fire times for wbnt he consumes. Woe be to tho Senators and Represcnta lives In Congress from the Northwest, If they allow such a cut-throat tariff to become a law. Our State legislators are warned to work up to Ibclr pledges In tho matter of railroad and warehouse monopolies. These ques tions will not be got along with so easily os tunny of them may think. We shall hold them accountable for the great canal and river improvements. Subscriobb. Xlie Fate of tt|o tVnwhonw mil. CnicAoo, February 6. To the Editor oflbo Chicago Trlbnne: I have been somewhat surprised to see, from the letter of your Springfield corres pondent, that Mr. Eastman's hill, proposed to protect tbo farmer and others from the gtossest swindling on the part of the ware house-men of Chicago, Is likely to be de feated. It has often been cold that with money any bill can be pawed at Springfield, and I presume It would be cqaally true to say that with money nay bill can be defeated. Now, sir, every man who has taken the trouble to Inquire Into the (acts of the cose, knows that the farmers who ship grain to Chicago, ns well ns those who deal in grain, have been fleeced, outrageously swindled, hy n combination composed of railroad and wnrohousc-raeiu These outrages against ttic public have been so Hilly ventilated by Mr. Eastman, and through your able columns, that many who wero formerly unaware of the extent of these swindling transactions, arc now fully aroused to * the Im portance of having the whole grain trade of Chicago regulated by special legislation. The members of the Hoard of Trade, who icemnd slow to alirtulhln lm* porlunt crisis, are now fully aroused, ami will, doubtless, do all in their power to cor* reel an evil which lias already brought dU* credit on Urn grain trade oi Chicago, and which, if continued, mu«t seriously injure it. This branch of business is prwhshly the moat Important carried on In the city, and If, by refusing to pass Mr. Eastman's hi 1, nr hy clogging It with an amendment, the effect and purpose of whlch'ls to defeat It (see amendment of Senator Mack), the majority o( cither the House or the Senate should con tinue so odious a system of monopoly as now exists for the robbery of the public, I hope you will let this public know who these men are who thus dare to perpetrate such an out rage. Let us have their names, that the peo pie may know who they are who have been bought, that with the finger of scorn they may be pointed out as traitors to the trust that has been reposed In them, and that their constituents may know that if they desire to hare their Interests property protected tnoy must either elect men Incapable of being bribed, or stand ready to outbid the'monop olists in the market at Springfield, whenever they wish to get justice. A Farmer. Tariff and Taxation. Ceuqo Gonno, 111.. Fcbrusrj 5. To tbc Editor of the Chicago Tribune: * The people of Illinois extend to yon many thanks for yonr honest vindication of their rights. For one, speaking for many, I say, go on In the right, the people appreciate yonr labors, you will reap your reward. The people are ground down and oppressed with taxes on every hand. He who lightens them Is a public benefactor. Class legislation has been the curse of this country. It again threatens ns in Congress In the shape of an increased tariff for the benefit of a few man* ufacturcrs and speculators. Let him who succumbs to the lobby be placed in the right light before the public.. We arc glad to be lieve that there are editors who feel the full responsibility of their position as sentinels of freedom. I have long been of the opinion that a tariff is the most unjust, unequal and oppressive way by which a tax can be levied upon the people. Tour articles have strengthened me in that opinion. And now that ihe agitation has commenced, let it go on until the question is solved by the masses. Wc should produce and manufacture such articles as we can make or grow cheaper than wc can buy them. .Capital and labor should he left to seek its natural channels, nod not be deviated therefrom by tariffs. ■Labor will be rewarded according to tho supply and demand, and wages cannot'bo permanently increased by a tariff. The English papers announce the death of Ur. George Baxter, tho inventor and patentee ot oil color painting, lie received Ihe gold medal of Anatriafor his “First Parliament of Queen Vic toria*’ and the “Coronation.* 1 Ills best origins production Is the miniature drawing of the Bap tism of the Prince of Wales, which was in the miniature department of the London- World's Fair. Tho late King of Proesia wte In treaty for the purchase of it at the time of hie death. ilaliltnal drunkenness for two years has been made a canto for divorce by the Vermont Legteta lure. WASHINGTON. Negro Schools in the District of Columbia. The Pursuit of Knowledge Under Difficulties. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune. l WAsuDtaToa. D. C.« February 3. Up to May, 1803, no school for colored children was authorized or allowed In tbe District of Columbia, though the property of colored residents was taced ten percent for school 'purposes. In May of that year Congress took bold of the matter, and en acted that tbo amount of school tax paid by colored people should be expended for the education of colored children, This was the first step. It was not a very long one, for it brought into tbo law tbo pernicious idea that tbo poor man’s children don’t need to be educated as well as tbo rich man's chil dren. Yet tbo greedy whites, who had de nied all chance for education to the negro children, and bad taxed their fathers and mothers for the education of white children, were sorely and bitterly Indignant at being “robbed”—for so they spoke. They did Just wbat any one might have expected they would do—they tried to cheat the negroes out of the miserable pittance voted them by Congress. It was two years before they paid over a cent, nnd then they unlocked tbo doors of the city siifh only when a Congres sional committee of Investigation hud been ordered. Further, under some whining ptea that it could not he ascertained what amount of tax wos paid by the colored people* they were pul off with about six hundred dollars a« their share fur two years* in Julie* 1804* seeing what poor showing the hegroes had tiildet- the old law* Oubgt-Pss took a second step* ahd passed a law t-equlr llig the luhhlelpal authorities to set apati each teat-* frola the Hilid applicable lu put-* poses of public* edtiealioli, slid pay oref to the trustees of colored schools such a " pro* poMlouaie pnH (hereof as the number of dil uted children between the ages of slit ami seventeen hear lo the whole number of ehih iltHh" A proviso In a subsequent part of the act declares that the school fund "shall he applied to the education of both white and colored children In (he prnpoitionnf the numbers of each between the ages of sis ami seventeen." One would say that the Intent oflhisiaw Is plain enough. The Mai nr of Georgetown fimnd no dlftl. willy In interpreting It according to the ap(r* It of emigres*, and has regularly paid over to the agents nf the colored people the sum dim themr-divldlng the Hind In proportion to the number of white end blackcUUdren between the ages nf six and seventeen, The authorities of Wnashigton saw well enough In 1805 what the law meant, and they evaded it In a roost characteristic man ner —they levied no school tax, consequently hod no school fund to divide between whites and blacks, and supported the public schools by direct appropriations from the city Treas ury! Wasn’t that, a piece of strat egy wholly pro-slavery in its char acter? It worked for one year only, however. By 1800 the city authorities had discovered that it wasn’t quite safe to cheat the negroes out of everything. They concluded to content themselves with half of what belonged to the colored people; and they got this by construing the law so as to take allthcchildren under twenty-one for one side of the proposition, and all the blacks between six and seventeen for the other side; or, in another form, the blacks between six and seventeen, were counted against the whiles between these ages, added to the whites and blacks under six and between seventeen and over twenty ore. The proper construction of tbe law, a simple obedience of the clause providing for a division “ In the proportion of thenumhers of white and colored children between the ages of six and seventeen,” would have given the negroes about twenty per cent of the school fund—under the forced and whimsical construction given by tbe au thorities, they got less than twelve per cent. (lot it, did I say ? Barely. The city paid them about half of what was adjudged un der its own interpretation of the law. Their trustees hare been instant in season and oat of season to collect the other half, bat the soulless corporation put them oIT on one plea or another, till the colored people, weary of waiting, went to Congress. They laid their case before Senator Wilson, and about & fortnight ago be put through & reso lution ordering the District Committee to investigate the whole matter, and report facts and recommendations. The District Suffrage Bill became a law about.lhe lime this resolution was adopted. The two measures were sufficient to open the eyes of some of the ward politicians who want negro votes at the next election. A bill 41 lb pay the trustees of colored schools the amount found to bo due them,” was put ttirousU the npitrr branch of the Coutiell Id short order. I believe the vote in its favor was unanimous. It struck a snag in the lower branch, however. It was strenuously argued there that the negroes ought not to oe educated till ample provision bad been made lor the education of all white children. The chairman of the Ways and Means Com mittee took ground that the law requiring this payment was the work of men who were using the negro for political purposes, and had no interest either In his welfare or the welfare of the city. He wished those who belie the city abroad to aid the officials of thdFrcidmen’s Bureau In helping the negro; hut, for Ills pari, he would not obey tills law till the education of every white child was provided for. It was claimed that the colored people pay less than SIO,OOO tax annually, which Is but little in excess of the sum required to meet the burdens their presence Imposes upon society here. It wus also stated that they now have nearly one third of the children In the city and less than one sixtieth of the property—the argu ment being that therefore their children should have no more than onc-sixtlcth of the education given to white children. This sort of talk earned the hour and the bill went over by two to one. Now. indeed, there was trouble I Election coming on, and the Council throwing away the negro vote I The Mayor was equal to the emergency. He wrote n letter, saying that it was of the utmost Importance that the Board should pass the bill at once, and urg ing them to do It at their ilrst meeting. Ho saw members personally, and stated (bo danger of the hour In plain and forcible terms. The Democratic politicians were tuny enough—lt Was discovered that it wouldn’t husafeto treat tho negro's demand for this money with contempt. The Mil was accord* Ingly taken up at the Inst meeting of the Lower Board, ami passed with only olio ills, smiling vote t The end lino not yet been reached. The Treasurer declares that hu hasn't any money, but an tho Mayor want- a rmoleotlon next Juno, I gun# money will bo found some where, Tho trustee- of the colored school claim that tho law of Congress sh all ho con* -trued here na It was In Georgetown, and us every disinterested man ear* It should he, but the.authorities resist this claim Indig ently and Impudently. A suit In tho Courts Is, therefore, tho consequence—tho trustees being determined to bring the law to a Judi cial interpretation. Tho Senate District Committee goes on with Us investigation, and Us report will show every step of the rascally way I have briefly sketched. The Douse has a Special Committee on Schools In the District, and possibly before the end of the session a liberal Public School Bill may be reported aud passed. Israel. A Solution or the Currency Problem, St. Paul, illnn.. February S. to me Editor oftbe Chicago Tribune: The able opposition of your paper to the nnjust and destructive scheme of making legal tenders equal to gold by contracting the currency, commends itself to all thinking men. The sure effect of such a policy would be to enable creditors to rob their debtors’. It would make the rich richer and the poor poorer. The remedy you propose in your issue of February lis founded on Justice. It seems open to but one criticism. After pointing out the vice of our present system, namely, that “ when paper Is the standard of value the values of property rise and fall with that of paper,” and that ** the values of the entire property of the nation ore, there fore, subject to daily and hourly fluctuation” yon propose, “ that for ail debts and dues contracted before July 4 next, greenbacks shall be, as now, legal tenders for tbelr full value, but in all transactions after that date they shall be a legal tender, only for their value in gold, on the day they arc tendered.” The objection to this scheme is that it still leaves greenbacks a legal tender, and, there fore, all prices would fluctuate as before. Suppose the plan adopted. A merchant gives a note at ninety days; when it is due, he tenders greenbacks in payment at what they are then worth In gold. Now, they may be worth mnch more or mnch less than they were ninety days before. In other words, be must take the chances of the fluctuation. Moreover, It may be necessary to have the intervention of a Jury to deter mine the value of greenbacks lo gold on that day. Tbe true remedy is to make gold in all fatnre transactions the only legal tender. Repeal tbe legal tender act, with a saving clause, leaving greenbacks a legal tender in past transactions. The difficulty would then be to furnish the country with currency. That dilllculty wonld remedy Itsblf. Gold would bo the measure of value, white greenbacks would continue to bo re ceived In all transactions at a price agreed upon by the parties themiclYos. Furthermore, Government , could then withdraw tbe present National Rank notes, and the banks could Issue new notes, redeemable In- gold only. It might then be advisable to repeal tbe $300,000,00 limitation of tbe National Bank'cnrrency, leaving tbo only limitation of tbe Issue of bank notes tbo necessity of redeeming them in gold, thus breaking up tbo present bank monopoly, permitting all parties who possess the requisite capital to start banks where they please, and giving the West an oppor tunity to acquire banks as they are needed. It would also become necessary for tbo Gov ernment to restore to circulation tbe gold now boarded in tbe Sub-Treasury. These suggestions are made in tbe hope of drawing out the truth by discussion. Tbe only truth in the matter yet arrived at with certainty is, that the scheme of reaching specie payments by contracting the currency Is tbe grandest swindle ever attempted In a civilized community. Charles A. Manx. TliE CURRENCY. Adoption of tiro Anti-Contraction Itov olutlouw* The following Is a more detailed report of the action of Hie House of Represent.!- lives, on Monday last, iu reference to the national currency: ' Mr. WII.BON (Kop.. Town) offered n resolu tion declaring It as the opinion of the House that the public Interests will not Justify u greater curtailment of the National clrcuia lion than 44,000.000 per month, nr 148,000,000 during the year 1807, which $48,000,000 ought not to he exclusive of, and in addition to, the compound Interest notes fulling due during the current year: and that In Men of such an iimonnt of compound Interest notes as may become dim and oe redeemed within the year, os may he in excess of the amount of currency authorized to he withdrawn, the Fecrclury of the Treasury ought in tie au thorized nnd requested lo Tsaim United Stales legal Tender notes without Interest* Mr. Wilson moved the previous question, ahd called for tellers. The tote was taken by tellers* and resulted liijcas* 40 1 haVs* 70* so the House Refused to second the We; Violis qlieiilohj nhd Mh Wh.sTiTdhrjl (ttep*> III.) Heiut' ip delate the tesoliiiiuiii it WeUl over htidcr litpTKlc, till Muiidiijr jiext; . Mh I’hicti [lteln, lowa*,) oifWed the (iillo.iv* llig fepdlhlluhs*aUil demaUded the bfeviuiis qileslloh i „ . AJtitli pfeTHil* |Q Ike emmiiepMaiid etlief mWfis lueker.un jii-eufjm nr wlisi mav liemiiieltvltiMCmmF.eMAiiee iiitf ike vulumedf liwmu A« ilia ofiimijn nf im* gaiieiqiliAi ftpv gFeaieffei Heium ui tlit* t-mfeiißr \{m i m aiivsut Hiitluifiifto m m, m w i, H m wuiHiii.woiim.fioi i§ fl^)sa!de t . Ihn'lrnii Tltiii iiiMßsid fedtifilon stimilil lid in»nstf» n m whs Dto Hinmmt so niui fHiipen u n ft'eni ins tniurMi i»m»lua muiw md Irnm lbs nnimpkrsoi tesrlug noies, flssefMi.Tfoil UW-Uisri or ilia pnmpnHm) Inter? fM units tfthan ftp ipja Ohflmo pta rbii ypar apiUi'Hll nr-t ha rrMrsd sod csnwdM un4cr fl.hfl hy virtue o| ihs \>\w now q»thorf*i«a ihs r e - of or fmiraimpoo of four wuliiop* prr Ipouilh Bjml) have Ih'lr placts tonpijeii hy leiral lenrter rotea hcsMmr no (plereaL Jir, tosKM no Oiep., N, V ) nifltla the nm-ttinii of order that those were substan tially (he came resolutions that hud been offered hy Mr, Wilson (Iowa). The Si’Eakeii overruled the point of order, deciding that the resolutions covered the same ground, but were not in the exact words, and could be offered after similar ones were rejected. Mr. Lawrence (Rep., Ohio) asked Mr. Price to yield for an amendment forbidding any further reduction of the currency. Mr. Prick declined to yield, stating that he wanted the House to stand by his resolu tions or to vote them down. The vote, on seconding the previous ques tion, was taken by tellers, and resulted yeas 08. nays 09. So the Home refused to second the previ ous question, and Mr. rising to debate, the resolutions went over, under ‘the rule, until Monday next. Mr. Grinnell (Rep., Iowa) offered the fol lowing resolutions and moved the previous question ; Eetoltfd, That Ihe pnNlc interest demands that there shall not, daring the current year, be any redaction of the amount of outstanding United States notes, commonly called greenbacks. Efsolved. That the Committee on Ways and Means be instructed to report such bill as may be necessary lo eSect this oVect. The vote on seconding the previous ques tion was taken by tellurs, and resulted, yeas OS, nays CC—so the previous question was seconded. Mr. Morrili. (Rep., Vt.) moved to lay the resolutions on the table. Mr. Lawrence (Ohio) called for the yeas and nays. The vote was taken by yeas and nays, nnd resulted, yeas 70, nays 83—so the resolutions were wot laid on the table. Mr. Pomeroy (Rep. N. Y.) called for the yeas and nays on ordering the main question. The vote was taken by veas and nays, and resulted, 87 yeas and G 5 nays—so the main question was ordered, which was on the adoption of the resolutions. The resolutions were then adopted without a division. A Strange Account of the Kflect of a Ball Received In Battle. Mounts. 111., February S. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: In the battle at Franklin, November, iSfM, Captain George G. BiddulpU of Company K, Thirty-sixth Illinois Volunteers, was hit by something, supposed at the time to be a piece of shell, from its effects upon the Captain’s head. His left eye was entirely destroyed, his left car deafened, his jaw so fractured that to this day It is impossible lor him to open bis month only partially, his check bone fractured, a hole made upon the leftside of the nose where something had gone Into tho hf-ml, one Inrjre tootii «»n tfio upper Jair spilt In two and half of it gone, ami auuitmr largo double tooth turned half round, tie resigned bis commission, came homo, and, although suffering much from his wound, exhibited a true soldier’s bravery in submit* ting without murmur to bis misfortune. On the morning of December 23, JSCO, he had a sensation In bis head—to use his own expression— ** as though something had given way all at once,” and the hearing was instantly restored to his left ear, the sound of ordinary conversation in the room seeming like a shout at the top ot the voice. This feeling became less painful, until January -tltli, 1807, when he felt a severe pain In bis throat ond raised considerable blood, and, after a few hours of suffering, coughed up a rough and battered ounce ball, which was as ragged as cinders fmm the furnace and measured over an Inch in length and thrce.fourths of an incli in width. Upon an examination of the throat, it Is found that this nigged mass of lead had cut its way from behind the throat into the throat, about au inch below the palate. Were the ball smooth, the won der would not be great, but the ball Is bat tered aud torn, with sharp points and edges, until It has lest all resemblance to Us origi nal shape. ATill some of the Surgeons of the array tell us how It woe possible for the hall to so cut the face and break bones aud teeth so far apart, and how it could pass through the head and Into the throat below the palate? Itie Prohibitory 'Turin*. (From (be DaveniiotlUaxGlte.j Wc Imvo before directed ollotUlnn to the fncl (lint In much of the dl-ctis-luti luul uti the tariff question words uttd terms nro iVeo* ly used that only mislead and deceive those who rend and heed them. "I'loleellon" itnd ;'** rce 1 rude" nro handled hack ami forth by the advocate* of an Inmiom nf the oxMlng duties on import* luet a* though nroiuclhm was not now afforded to the American maim* Imurtr, and a* thouuh free trade was really advocated nr desired or iiromUed. If them advocate- of a higher tariff would onlv abandon their talk about free trade, and plainly a-k lor, more protection, ordinary people would at least, bo-pared much niUun* der-tamihig of very simple facia. Suppose, lor Instance, It shuuhf bo distinctly slated,as pro* llmlnary to every speech or editorial ndvo eating a higher tariff, that during the past live years, Iroin March 2d, IStU, To date, no less than ten change* have been made in the tarllT. and that each successive change sc cured a higher rate of duty on imports than the nrcc«-dleg. Or, suppose, i! brevity should be aimed at, that the fact be stated that during the successive changes, the aver* age rate ot duty has been advanced from til* teen to fifty-live per cent. Then, certainly, it wcutd be verr cusv to understand that those who ask ibr an advance on the present tarilf desire more protection, while those who oppose that advance insist that the protec* tlon already afforded is amply su flic lent. It would, also, verv much simplify the discussion of this tariff question If the ultra protectionists would attempt taunt theories > klrevtlj Sntw practice. port t la realty just what these ultralsts wint. Then why not advocate the enactment of laws prohibiting Imitations altogether? This would be a short cut to the goal they are really aiming at, and would present a very simple question of national policy to the cotsideration of Congress and the short way to full protection would also commend itself to some share of popu lar support, at least. In the fact that it would at once abolish the vast and ex pensive machinery of the Custom House. A few armed cutters posted at each harbor, aud authorized to prohibit the entrance of vessels from foreign ports with cargoes, would do the whole business, and the tri umph of “Protection” would be complete. It might be objected that the National Treasury could not now do without the hun dred and twenty to hundred and fifty mil lions of dollars that ought to be annually col lected trom imports; but as this considera tion seems to be entirely ignored by the mere protection men, it will probably be deemed scarcely worth a thought. We can then have a short way, also, of collecting the revenues of the Government, through an Increase of direct taxation; or, perhaps, a short way to repudiation and national bank ruptcy. A Romantic Courtship. A very romantic courtship, followed by a happy marriage. Is related to have begun in one of these “‘New Year” booths of Paris, once on a time, only about six years ago. A lady, very young and very beautiful, was sud denly leu a widow and penniless, with two children. The Idea struck her that she os well as others, might succeed in obtaining money enough to iced and warm her little family fbr the trying months of the year by fitting up a stall. She obtained the neces sary authorization, bought a quantity of dolls etc., and bravely took her place behind her little counter, iier booth was situated near a restaurant, and it chanced—it always chances—that a gentleman of for tune hod lately selected thl* restaurant to take bis dinner. The lady remarked, several days in succession, that the gentle man In question made a great many pur chases, but suppossd that he must have a number of little friends to pteusc. On the last day the gentleman bought the whole remaining stock of the young widow, re* quested permission to goliotno with her to make presents to her children, and the re sult ot the visit was a friendship, a courtship and a marriage, when the lady's year of mourning bad transpired. The lady, wish* log to perpetual* meeting mu, hertoM* ? ,: Wrvf“ n 1 ?“.,5i2 the Avenue de rieir D 'U v: -"I ’ feature of which iv* hunt iu the niiddie VV' lb whence she henSr"!, b » Riftu to a circle of 1,.,, 1 one ortho hnuhl,,!®.^ The the dry Rood, t,,*. lullliouauf i,oop lo , b „ b ' i l «to u . ;i labrics. It shows tbe pri-f --r.leß ofdutyouau„ mb^i;r: monuae. U seems a / advance Iho tariff coenl.,!** 11 *•» ccuta a yard, hul it will t actually more lhan doe,, ' of the articles mcnu„ ntJ “* ,f ; ll!i » 500 t,,. I -Li iKTICte. . 5 ij I iM; Burlap* ■ : f : . Burlap* J V; Burlap*... }! * <auva* padding. .1, *’i * ('au»a*p«fliHnj(.. . ’ a, • I fantai padding ; linen dim... r! n ; (■men drill* £ *•, ► Linen drills ...i 5 U ► I.lren drill* ■" ,t K Linen drill* ,3 *: : Linen drill* .3 *1 ; I lofii drill- “’5 r 1 icon duck* ' “ /’ \ I Inen duck* *' ;J flp«ni*!i Ihi'-n !! ’?i 1' 7 Hpßiihb linen ” fl v Spanish limn p * Brown damask ” r BrowijUatnaek... ... '»/, " Brown ilnmark r;, 81-iclied «lsmn*k .... ‘ u ,i : Bhtehed damn k .►« V Bleached dama*k r,-, i! 1 ilWSLv.r.vv. a - ; ::: 'L 1 ; I'ia‘L * ■ : i;taHii V ... i j. ' Wl. le 111irn.... !• Vh le iiiifti ••••£ f - yii le lihth;;. t t (h le llliein.. .... . , .« I ; 'tl I. llliHi,;;.i ’ y . le I'e.-ii..,.. .. -c 1 If l.llfWl,::,:: = ' |i5drll:::„ : : ::: J| jj ll'H fii . *l-M If-U::- : 'ai , ffiflt OWrdPi/. i , :hi»=H Mlftj hijiU V HiMfi ramjliurpi.ij.M m •PVB }'Ulj a, JW»R I«lifl)»|fn:f-I>[. wlivi iff «»»»»• •••r.ffrr- rr-U*" NAPMPS f M.-J. lw, hapirlts, • Ii»« i»., jHfj» fowels,,, »*s.i »Bn» mwHa s viiiu* loilanri* \\ fpßaul? ui n iitliaiuj: £3 ii muT,(.i:is. nmceels ItrnpeiU Bnwee Felt Carpeting. MIaCQLLVNEOr s: n Colton damask? “j: is Nei*for enrtains... . M 17 .Vo?qnltonetting*.... Di 171; 1-appet mneline :>» i-i, Berlin eklr«D?s. Cfi £»; Swissepotntxshos... mi Brilliant 31 114 I’lqwe 27 15 Cotton damasks 13 W Cotton bltdl cge.tapes, Ac Blankets Buntings, as per amendment vrt, cost lb*. p.>ch. Marseilles qnllia 14 Marseilles qmlts 2-h 2.2 S -Marseilles quilts j; t 1.11 Mnrsrillea qußm, Al hambra 7R Marseilles qnllls 3»i 3.D6 * Instead of ICS. MISCELLANEOUS ITEE3 The most valuable watch ever n-.J* to bare been manufactured for Abdul Mcdjid in 1544, at aev«l hundred guineas. An Imperial decree has been hiblting the importation of pork ir or Poland, on account of the trichina* in Germany. According to a recent official® Ico contains twenty province. *•>. K 7,Pft\4d<» inhabitants. The NanoV.m® 080,1100,000 francs, and the rc'\:-'l 100.000,000 francs. ' p The wool clip of last rear sold : |; million dollars, and the good* mad-., .il for two bnndted millions. ?' The sale of Hanoverian Kinj ifi horses (some eighty), carriages, .t p duced nearly 100,000 thalers. k A boy in Essex, England, eight t-ia age, has been sentenced to imprisonment with hard labor, ar: B* Wards four years In a reformatory.r rS ing a piece oftron-' ii. anc new Orleans Ptcnt/urir is th ; - L 5 «.ta, mw, \ Vmm made since Us lir.l two millions of ur ‘ H A pound of iron nau* irmi. • U. In the stomach of a co* killed u*. M • R non, Va. ‘ f- It is estimated that I • thracite coal will be mined in this rcarniittliwi a.* - ,‘i Five vramcti ore editors or p«, •. Woman bus some of her writes There are one hundred and six*/*- lie and forty-six piivatc llt»n»rii\-.: containing 4. 14i\581 volume*, cldiV- : ecclesiastical character. v There are six volumes in the pn‘ rlcs of Great Britain to every hut dr tants; 11.7 to every one hundred i:; France; 0.1) in those of A in those of Prussia; I.:* In llu-::; those of Bavaria; 10.4 in IMcinm • In Italy—according to which Hav-.; hest supplied country ofKnrop'-. In Canada recently a mandi.dh. poverty and was buried at tin- •■sp i brother. Among other tiling tr ibe funeral were a number of i-ind’- used ot the church. After tb>- it brother demanded the half c-i dies, but the cure claimed th-tu qulsltrs. A lawsuit ensued, w! ieli been decided in furor of the cure. New and very rich quart/, u’‘ placer miner) have been di-mvcr-! ■' tana. The summeryleld. i' is. ' he very large and rc'munonitiv-. >’ ’ gulch, a lute discovery. Is | nyin: t* ' SIOO a day to tiro irun.l, and otic r r.‘ * arc doing equally wch. The Pa rip papers give curious»{«’ • assassinations. The proportion'l is; In England, one In r-;v" land, otic In 100,000 • Pruwl i" ’ Austria, one in 77,(H>0. Tl"’ writ* •« i ■ France out of the calculation. SOUTHERN ITEMS. An association of tomb" lm= ,i . r "' In Wilmington, N. L'„ who ,*»«■ •• marry no woman worth h’« ii*.u ‘ thousand dollar'. In Mrmphi*, Th»ii., oi'.v 1 I wished to ral*i’ ninth" l» IhiII.I >< I Khrn dim* of tin’ ffiulntm 1 I conceived lb" hint »*r 1 bended vane to be pfr«'»i|rd, b> » * fUtr Ik the Hl.v. llwino-t popular ■ ? tbw Hlale .or f'lihl.v. The form u Wit- to be the contribution of oll'-.M-J the balloting wa« very large In « « of IhtMiiunluT »*t vandblaif# lorih" • tievurul oMlci f- ran very e|o«e l<» . oi. ■ i but the HlterJlf of Shelby Coiiiil'. 1 Winters, wa* at lu-t declared vK i<ti•• •• forty thousand dollars Were raiaid ' ' purposed. Colonel Harry Gilmore, who nude )■' quite notorious us a rebel gocrill t di.;’• war, and who wrote a very egoii»i boaetftil book about hU cxtraonl;:*- ploits In Maryland and Virginia, Iw a commieflon merchant In New orb-a' l ho advertises bis business a» enenrvOtM he did his owu heroism he is ceed. Ice seventeen inches thick has born ■- the James River at City Point., Va. An enleiprtelnp fellow has been money in Salisbury, N, C., by showicc' ors through an old warehouse, ami < the notorious rebel prison at that j'la'.r At a vuLUa,# n■ • evenings since, tbe Invited guests, a.. • ceremony, were requested to'pay ten each to the bride, who was in such circnmstaDces that she had nut the ia- i: complete her wardrobe. Each perk'd ent promptly responded, and the sum r» amounted to about five hundred d The bride thanked her friends lor ihrir. erosity, kissed them all, and wer.: - with her husband in the best of spirits Small-pox still prevails In the s-'iiti. generally in a more virulent form than North, owing, nodonbt. to the pover the people, their peculiar personal c* add tbe lack of proper medical treitn In North Carolina the diease has K--; fatal, having broken out m several/- public Institutions of the State, «-•- not been Iree from tbe scourge for live ■ NEW ENGLAND HEMS. The Maine correspondent of th-* ? Journal says that at the recent ciort;- the Trustees of the Maine Agricult’--'**. lege, Pbineas Barnes, of Portland, wo.-'j ed President of the College. Hb fixed at three thousand dollars pc’ The Board have petitioned the Leri-*-1 asking that the number of Tru?tee#,*J is now sixteen—or one from each c’srrij reduced to not less than five or on-r» : | which petition will nndoubtediv he The contributions to the meinoiu/| Ing which It is proposed to creel a” I bridge, in honor of tbe alumni wte I during the rebellion, has reached ncuro I hundred thousand dollars. This will o-1 all probability, be sufficient to carry o=l it should be. the intention of those wt- 1 gloated tbe Idea. The Boston Journal says that “ono - whlch has induced our catlsts to co* Is the superiority of the marble. western part ol this State a quarry ot c; has recently been opened, which h ,r nos and quality Is said to be un.*urp Workmen In this city speak of it i! - ’ equal to foreign marble tor purp'* : -- sculpture.” ~ , . .1 Hartford Is credited with 40. CO 1 mb*/ and 500 liquor saloons, or a grog-» u * { ev*ry Ally inhabitants. . At the masquerade ball in last week, a young Portland cynt. »* *; tbe Ape.” was passing through the ct t. the hotel, when be was met by ‘ Newfoundland dog belonging lo * ..,,v whonotllklngthcappcaraiiccqithc 1 „ Immediately sprang upon him. n , Jocko was obliged to excel his AtrU'J* J cake In agility, In Order to escape m flog.