Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, February 9, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated February 9, 1867 Page 2
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€l)icago DAILY, TRI-WEEKLY AND WEEKLY, OP V ICE, He- 01 CLARK.ST. twoec. Ist. very aoniac. for ercnlstton br corner*, newsmen and tie td. The Tn-WJDcrLT. Mondays. Wed swuri and Fridays, to the tsbUs coir: and the W*m.r. cm Thursdays, (br the mails and sale at oar counter and bv newnaai. Terms sfibe Chlcuro Trtbne: Dslly delivered tn the city (per wce«) 8. *8 - - - - (per dusTtcrj.— 3«M Dsjly, to mall subscriber* (per annum, p*yv bieln • • I*<So Trt.WccMy. fper sncom, payable In adrsscc) q.OO Weekly, (per annua, nsysfcc tn advance) i-00 prPracttSßat parts ot me year at t&esaise rates. UTtnoai remltuut *nd orders a* fire or more roplrs cf either the TM-Wcddr or Weekly edition*, marrvtalnteoperceaterthesabecriptioe price os a OetcmlMos. bones to srofczimas.—tn ordering the address oi four papers changed. to prevent delay, be sure and sptdfr wfcst edition yon take—Weekly, Tri-Weekly, or Datiy. Also. cireyoorrszszaTandfaiare address tw Money, by Draft, Express, Honey orders, or la B*ctstmdl*uers.iDaybe*«ntato<irtUk. Addma, TRIBDKB 00* Ckleuo. 111. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1807. tor STATE CONSTITUTION’, Senator McConnell, In some remarks which he made a few days alncc, In reply to a stu pid newspaper attack upon him, presented the whole cose of the proposed Convention fer amending the Constitution so plainly and distinctly, that it is dltUcult to understand how ;>cnona professing to favor a new Con stitution can oppose tbo proposition for an early Convention. A Slate Constitution Is nota grant of pow ers, but It Is a declaration of restrictions u)K>n tho Government and Its several branch es. It Is a list of exceptions from tbo gen eral authority of the' Government directly representing the people. In tho absence of such restrictions, tho General Assembly would have unlimited power. As it Is, the tniwer ol the General Assembly is unlimited, except by the prohibitions of the Constitu tions of the United States and of the State. In all other particulars the authority of tho la w-tnaklug power of the State Is as unrestrict ed si wonld be tho power of the whole people acting in tbclr aggregate capacity as a poli tical body. This proposition is not open to question. It has been decided time and again by the Supreme Courts ot the various States, as was shown by our correspondent " W " some weeks since. Tbc twelfth article of the Constitution provides a form by which the Legislature tnty propose amendments to the Constltn tution;lt provides also a form of proceed ing lor calling a Convention " to alter or amend thu Constitution.” Because these forms of proceeding are provided, It is argued by those who oppose an early Con vention, that no other mode can be followed. This argument is not sound; it Is based upon the idea that the expression of one thing is the exclusion of all others. Bnt this rule d-*s not apply to the supreme authority of the Slate. It his been Judicially decided by our Supreme Court that where the Con stitution provides that one mode ol* proceed ing may be followed, that does not exclude any other mode not directly prohibited. There is no prohibition of the Legislature calling a Convention at any othcrtlmc or In any other mode than that named In the Con- * dilution. In the absence of such prohibi tion, the plenary authority of the Legislature Is tufiklcnt warrant to them to call such Convention whenever they think proper. But while, In our Judgment, this Is per fectly clear, the case In fact la still stronger. Tbc provisions In the 12th article of the pn-sent Constitution, both that relating to the amendments proposed by the Legisla ture, and that relating to a Convention, are, In express terms, confined to "amendments to tf.is Constitution,” and to a Convention for the purpose of revising, altering or aa ending thi* Constitution.” It l« not proposed to call a Convention for the purpose of revising, altering or amend ing the present Constitution of the State, but the j reposition Is to dfll a Conven tion to make & nets Constitution for the State of Illinois. The provisions cf tbc 12th article of the Constitution relate wholly and exclusively to a Con vention lor amending the present Constitu tion. Admitting that that 12th Article could restrain the power of the General Assembly in any way, the restraint, by the express terms of tbc Constitution, Is only upon their power in the matter of amending the pres ent Constitution. A restriction upon the manner of repairing an old coal certainly cannot prohibit the making of a new one. To ibrbid the alteration of a building except in a particular mode, In nowise piohibits ; the construction of a new one upon any j.Tan, or in any manner that the change of circumstances may suggest or require. Members of the Legislature arc sworn to support the Constitution of the State ; that oath requires that they shall not do any act which is prohibited by that Constitution. Thf’*" "othlrg In the Constitution pro- them from calling a Convention to moke u uew cuim«Ua«kni, «*uereiu tticy rimy tl.ink the interests of the State demand it. Thulr discretion and their powcie upon ibis subject arc as unllm* lied as upon any other subject upon which the Coi-stitutlon is silent. The power of the people to “amend, alter I and abolish” their form of Government Is 1 older than Constitutions, and can no ronro I be denied by one generation to future gener cllons than can the right to breathe the air I oflleavi'n. All that the Convention of 1547 undertook to do was to point out a mode of aim tiding their work; they did not under take to prohibit any other mode of proceed* lug: hut. even admitting that they did, their prohibition was enjoined to the business of amendment* and alterations of the existing Constitution, a* d, by no possible construc tion. no matter how force 1 an I s'ra'nc l, can ! it lx* raid t hat thny undertook to Hm’l, re strain or dlcU;c to the people coming after them, when end how they should make a new Constitution. There is no more danger of members vlo* latlng their oaths by voting to call a Conven lion to make a new constitution, than there was in voting money to purchase the grave of Douglas, or to erect a monument over the pinthtn oi Lincoln. The ConstltuUnn Is »il< nt upon nil three points; the Legislature ruii provide for all, under that power which eouhiliulcs them, as declared in a decision o| the Supremo Courtoflllinois, the Parliament of the Stole. Til It nvn QKtUkDIKItK, In the year KVA, during the existence of ti.c so-called English Commonwealth, cue IVnruddork, a g«'iitlcman of Wiltshire, en tered Salisbury with a very small force, and <l<-elared iu favor of the exiled Charles. It v.n* during the assizes, und Pcnruddock seized the Judge and the Sheriff. Tho peo pie remained quite iudiffere nt; It was all the same to them whether they were ruled by Penruddock or Cromwell. The indifference of the people, in fact, was quite as fatal to this pitifully small rebellion ns would have been the opposition of a superior armed force. It was a worse failure than John Brown*s raid on Virginia. Nevertheless, Cromwell made it the pretext for an extraordinary assump tion of power. He divided the 'Kingdom into military districts, eleven iunumbcr.and over each placed a Major General, making each responsible for the subjugation of his prefecture. These Generals were clothed with a sort of ml'ltary magisterial power, aud were uniformly insolent toward all an thority except their oyvu. They were bit terly hostile to the royalist party, and there was no limit to their exactions and extor tions. In the rew scheme of the Reconstruction I Committee, there is something unpleasantly I akin to this interesting bit of history. It is 1 proposed, in effect, to make Andrew John- I eon absolute and supreme ruler of the whole 1 Southern country, with no other restraints I than those imposed by martial law—a law I which has no interpreter except in the arbi- I trary will of the commander. Does any one I suppose that Mr. Johnson, when invested I with such ;>owcr, would wield it In the In- I tcicsU of the loyal population ofthc South? If he found two Major Generals ready to go on a roving commission for the purpose of 1 trumping up falsehoods with which to dls- j credit the Freedmen’s Bureau, Is it probable I that lie cannot find five Brigadiers to com mand the five great military districts in con formity with his own wishes? Bat even If I he could not, his own authority would be } cupreine over all these District Commanders, J and whether willingly or unwillingly, they I would be compelled to submit to his orders, j as. the constitutional Commander-In-Chief I of the army. He gave ns a sample ofthc 1 manner in which he would employ this pow er, in the matter of the New Orleans riot. General Sheridan refused to be the vehicle of rebel falsehood, and General Sheridan has been recalled. In the event of the passage of this bill, It is pretty certain that neither General Sheridan nor General Sickles would be placed over a military district. The effect of the new scheme would be simply to give Andrew Johnson full military power, m addition to the civil power be now wields through the Illegal and subser vlcnt Governments ho has already set up in the South. As he has repeatedly declared that these Governments arc in every respect legal and valid, there is do likelihood that be would employ his mili tary iK>wer to overthrow these Governments, or to oppose their decrees. On the contrary, the dicta of the Milligan decision would be cslabllsncd as the role In all cases of a con filet of civil and military jurisdiction ; and the habeai eorpue wilt Issued by the Southern Judge, would tic obeyed and respected pre cisely as under a legitimate Government In limes of peace. There would beneitherpun- Ifhmcnt for rebels ' nor protection for Union men. The unfortunate Union population, both white and black, would be os absolutely at the mercy of these Southern tribunals, as the loyalists of England were at the mercy of the Protector and his Generals. It Is true that Cromwell's minions opposed the civil authorities and to* snlted them on every occasion; bat this was because there was an antagonism between them. Bat In this case there will bo no aneh antagonism. The civil and the military, bjth subservient to the President, will act togetb* er in entire harmony. And each* Is tho only “ reconstruction ” plan proposed by the Thirty-ninth Congress at He second session! 818. DIXONM A PIENDMENT. The moat important difference between the Constitutional Amendment proposed by Congrcfrf at its last session, and the one nrc ■posc<\. by Mr. Dixon, known as tho Prcsl dent's plan, la found in tho clause relating to representation. Tho Congressional plan Is, that whenever male persons of the proper ago arc denied suffrage on any other ground than fbr “participation In rebellion or other crime,” then none of the excluded class shall bo coanted for representation. This applies to white and black alike; and if a State should deny the ballot to those who could not read and write, then none who conld not read and write, wbetherwhite or black, would ho counted for representa tion, because their exclusion from tho fran* chlsc would bo on other ground than for "participation in rebellion or other crime.” The Dixon amendment proposes that when a Slate shall dcny.thc franchise "on account of race or color, or previous condition ol ser vitude,” then the entire class of persons so excluded shall not count for representation. Under this plan, If a Southern State should adopt a reading and writing basts of suffrage, It would not at all change the present basis of representation, for no one would be excluded from tho polls by such a law “on account of race or color, or previous condition of servitude.” If South Carolina for instance, afaonld admit to the bal lot the few negroes who can read and write, the would thereby bo enabled to count her entire four hundred thousand negro popula tion for representation and retain her four members of Congress and probably get a fifth. But under the Congressional plan, In tho event ol her adoption of a reading and writ ing basis of suffrage, alt tho blacks and all the whites who could not read and write wonld bo left out of the count for representation, and Instead of having foar or five members of Congress, she would cer tainly not have more than two, and perhaps ouly one. In case of the adoption of a property qualification, the same principle would apply. There is one Important provision, however, in the Dixon Amendment not contained In the other. That is that "no State shall re "quire a property qualification for voters "more than the value of $250 In taxable "property, nor as an educational qualifica tion more education than enough io read "the Constitution of the Unltea.Statesinthe "English language and write his own name.” Both the Congressional Amendment and the Dixon Amendment ore half-way meas ures, and there is very little to choose be tween them. If Mr. Dixon would embody that portion of his bill relating to the exten sion of the suffrage to the blacks, in the Na tional Constitution, instead of leaving it to the several State Constitutions, his plan wonld be os much better than that of Con grefs os an extension of suffrage than its restriction, or as progress Is bettor than togyism and inertia. THE IIAfE OP iVAGRS, n. M.,” a laboring man, writes us a let ter on the Tariff Bill, the purport of which is, that It Is necessary to increase the tariff Tor the benefit ot the laboring man, so that he may get more wages. Wo do not know what particular trade “H. M.” may be working at, but wc do know that while the average increase of the cost of living, under eleven additions to the tariff made sines ISCO, has been ninety per cent, the average increase in tbc rate of wages throughout the country has been only slxty-two per cent. This Is proved by Commissioner Wells’ report, and no man has attempted to controvert It. At this late of progression how long would it take for the cost of living to swallow up the entire earnings of tbc laboring man. and bring him in debt at the end of the rear? Every Increase of the tariff brings on a strug gle betwetn the laborer and the capitalist— the former striving to put wages np and the latter trying to keep them down. Bat the capitalist gets the better of tho operative, as is shown by the statistics, In the ratio of 90 to C 2. Suppose a man's wages were two dollars per day in 18G0, and It cost him one dollar per day to live. Do saved one dollar per day, and this dollar had ninety per cent more purchasing lower than it' now has. It had the purchasing power of compared with the present time. He now gets $3.34. per day, aud it costs him $1.93 to live. Ho saves fi.Si per day, which has fifty six cents ies* purchasing power than his one dollar had In 18C0. ilc is out of pocket Ufly-six cents per day by the Increoseof the tariff which he Ims been foolishly clamoring for. This state of facts has been creating tome uneasiness among the wiser laboring men of the conn. irj,«n<l iltc (ailtr loW>7 nretiow trying to throw dust lu them eyes by lecturing them on the currency. But if they will keep the figures 10 and C 2 steadily In view, and hold 1 their beads level, they will be able to cipher out the facts aud arrive at correct conclu. eious. It is proposed, in the pending Tariff Bill to increase the cost ot living 20 per cunt. Be fore the laborer can gel any advance In hi* wages he must fight lor it, hr organizing strikes and perhaps putting hinuelf out of employment entirely for several weeks. In I the course of a couple of years he wiH ge his wages advanced in the ratio of 90 to (VJ, which, on a ‘JO per cent increase of the cost of living, would Ihs a trillo less than 14 per cent, leaving him G per cent worse olf than he la now. . There Is a reason for this state of things of \ course. l*i lor to lS*t! we had a largo export of American manufactures. Of cotton man ufactures nlonu we exported to foreign coun tries in ISGO over $9,009,000. The successive additions to the tarlif have so Increased the 1 cost of tusking cotton goods that now we cannot compete with foreign nations. The export cf cotton goods ban fallen to nothing I or next to nothing, although n bounty Is paid I out of the Treasury to the exporter. lienee I there Is !«*• demand for labor (datively thau I there was before. All those who were pro- I ducing cotton goods for foreign trade are out I of employment, and the report of Coininb- I sloncr Wells shows thsl the decrease In the I number of hands employed In MaisadntS 'lis, I m that depnitmeiit of industry, sine.* ISV> 1* I thirly-onc j*cr cent. A stilt greater decrease Is shown In the ship building trade, i (»ur ‘exports of wooden ware have 1 tallen from $2,703 093 to $”20,023, und a similar decline bos taken place in our expotts of clocks, copper and brass manufactures, steam engines and boilers, I lints and caps, leather, and a large variety oi articles. Each and every restriction placed 1 upon our export trade depresses the wage of the American laborer. Tnerc is not so 1 much demand for hi* labor as there was be fore. Bis wages ought at least to keep pace' | with the cost ofllving, but they do not, and cunuot while the demand for Ids labor is cramped by the high prices of the products 1 ot his labor TIIK PIIMSllitlBnT OP bARCKNV. Larceny is defined to be tho taking and carrying away the property of another, with the intent to convert it to the use of the per son taking it. Larceny Is divided into two grades, grand and petty larceny. The of fence against morals is the same In both Cases, but the gradation is upon the value of the property taken. Five dollars is the sum fixed in this State as marking the distinction between grand and petty larceny; in other States the sum Is larger, but In no State Is it any less. We suppose there is no crime so severely punished, and so successfully de tected, os petty larceny. Petty thieves have no friends, no money, and no secure hiding places. In a majority of eases the offenders arc minors, or unfortunate creatures who steal bread when they arc hungry, or clothes when they are destitute. Grand larceny cm braces all stealing of property over five dol lars in value, aud It is a remarkable fact that in the proportion of the magnitude of the theft, the difficulty of conviction be comes greater. Our State penitentiary is filled to its utmost capacity; an.immense proportion of Its inmates have been soot there for the larceny of property over five and nnder twenty-five dollars. Their offence is but an inch,as it wcrc,abovc petty larceny, and as a general thing their crime was hard ly deserving the brand of felony. In othor States, acting upon the advice of experi enced judges and lawyers, tho Legislature I has of late yean interposed Us authority and fixed a higher value as the dlyldlne line between grand and petty larceny. In Ohio, the law fixes forty dollars as the value of the properly stolen, to make the offence grand larceny. The result is that thieves taking property of less value than forty dollars are promptly punished by Imprisonment in the county Jail, and there is an immense relief of the State prison. The Legislature of Illinois should adopt a similar law. It should advance thc«mn which now marks the difference between the two grades ot larceny, from five to twenty-five dollars at least, though a still higher sum would not be impolitic. The detection and punish ment of the offender woold not be loss cer tain, and In all eases where the moral feel ings of the couvict are susceptible of pain, the punishment would not be less severe. It would relieve the penitentiary of a large proportion of those who otbcrwieo will be sent there, and will obviate for many years the necessity of building an additional one. Governor Oglesby in his message, to the Legislature strongly commended in the law, and we are sure that It will ho applauded by'cvcry Judge aud Prosecuting Attorney in the State. Somewhat connected with this subject is another, which we think requires legislation. Under tho law as it stands, convicts upon their discharge from the penitentiary receive their old clothes or a now suit, and three dollars in money. This sum is altogether too small to atari a man fresh In the world. It will pay his railroad fare bnt a abort dis tance, and yet that Is all that he has to com mence lift with again. \fe suggest that the Legislature provide by law for a commuta tion of one month in each' year of the term for which prisoners have been sentenced, in all eases whore good behavior and general rectitude make the prisoner a fit snbjeot for such clemency, and that upon the discharge of a prisoncrof that character and under these circumstances, there be paid to him in money with which to purchase food until ho gets work, at least twenty dollars. Xlnmnnlty demands that upon leaving the prison tho po "son giving evidence that the reformatory lesson has not been lost upon him, should not bo sent oat into the world so destitute that he must immediately steal again to get tho food necessary to keep himself from starvation. TOE EXPRESS WAB. The Merchants' Union Express Company havo called in additional assessments amounting to eight per cent on their capital stock, which, with former assessments, amounts to a total of twenty-five per cunt called for since tho organization of the com pany. By the present assessment tho com pany will realize tho sum of twelve hundred thousand dollars; and this is intended to bo kept as a ftmd, In tho nature of a guarantee to tho bankers and business non of tho coun try that the Merchants' Union Express U a permanent and fixed fact, capable of stand ing up against all combinations, and of promptly paying ail losses. Tiro organiza tion of this company was a great public benefit, and its failure would be a calamity to tho business of the country. Tho express busi ness had grown up into a powerful and wealthy monopoly. A combination of all the success Ail companies seemed to defy competition, and various attempts to start opposition companies had failed. The com bination seemed to hold tho public ot their mercy, and they havo not been at alt back ward In making tbo most of their advantages.. Their high charges resulted In the formation of tho Merchants'Union Express Company, the most powerful and determined of all the corporations that have attempted to stand up against the old monopo lists. Its success has equalled the expectations of Us founders, and Its lines now extend over nearly the whole country. Of course, the old companies have spared no effort to break U down; bat la this they have signally failed. It is the doty of the business men of the country to see that they contlnne to fall. Should they succeed in breaking down this new organization, It is not probable that this generation would wit ness another attempt to establish a com peting express company, and the old monopolies would Immediately assess upon tbclr customers the cost of tbo war, to made good their expenditure In breaking down their competitor. , Tho plan of the Merchants' Union Express Is to charge fair and living rates for the transportation of freight—neither more nor less. If the other companies carry at less rates they do so at a sacrifice, for tho solo purpose of breaking this one down. It docs not require a very sagacious business man to sec that la such a case bis Interests demand that be should sustain the company that charges the living rates; for be may rest assured that the moment the other compa nies should succeed in destroying compel! • ’lion, they would tax him to make good tbclr sacrifices, and Impose heavier burdens than ever on him with impunity. Of course tho u d companies are too strong to bo broken d*Mvn i.y the new one. It is not desirable that they should be. A monopoly In the bauds ol the Merchants' Union wonld be, In the end, as bad as any other monopoly. What the public want is fair competition in the express business, and this they will have if the Merchants' Union is sustained during the next twelve months. TUli \V.\UKUOtJ3K B1C(i. The State Senate yesterday passed Mr. Eastman's Warehouse Bill, first out the sixteenth section, now known as Fort's amendment. This section was stricken out on Mr. Eastman's motion. It is as follows: 11 Src. IC. ■ Any person or persona who shill ho tnc owner or owners of any public warehouse ell* anted within one mOo of any railroad (rack In Ihi« Slate, shall have the same rights that aro now posHsecdhy railroad companes in Ibis State to condemn the land and property of any person or rf any railroad company, or to nec the streets and obeys of any Incorporated town or city, the con sent ot lb* corporate authorities thereof being tint obtained, lor the purpose of laying a branch -track coiiDociiug bis or their said warehouse with each radroHd.aud shall have authority lo construct and moinlain such branch track, and when such bianch UacU has been eo constructed, such rall :oaQ Company with whose track U connects shall have the right to pass their cam over it and from such warehomo without change, and as long as jua'ntained by said warehouse-mao such branch tract, shall he considered as part of the track of rncU tatlroad, and it shall l« Un duty of such railroad company to dt liver &( such warehouse ary and nit cars which may be consigned thereto, audio remove iron* the warcUon-o such cars as may he taken thereto for (rausportotloo from sa d warehouse, and In the case ol the refusal ortlic reeled of snch railroad company or companies •o deliver grain or cars so consigned, or to receive fur'isnspoitmlon to such wam&oiur grain o* care ?<• convlgned, such r«ilru»d compaulra shall be liable to the perron owning men warehouse for t«vo mouths* storage ot all such grain so consign ed or refused, and also liable lo snch warehouse* iunn end to the owner of snch grain for all oihur damages cither of them mar have sa«'a;ncd by reckon of such refusal or neglect of ths railroan company. Including all lawful expenses Incurred hr him or lucm in the profi r cnttoo of any suit or snlh ugalnst snch lailruad company to recover tho pi nnules or enforce the provisions of this act,** The sentiment of the business community | of Chicago on this matter in shmru by tho 1 following telegram, signed ou ’Change this morning by about two hundred aud fifty tiicmbci s of the Board of Trade: Ciiicaoo, February 8, 1971. linn. (Jrecnbnry I> Fori. Hpilneflelfl, III.: For your vigorous aud snecussitil advocacy of the most Important feature of iho Warehouse 818, (that of opening up Iho bnsin<-ss lo public c<»m petition) vou hare the hearty think* of a vast mi i jorlty of the members of iho Hoard ot Trade of I Chicago, ond of every fitmcrio Illinois and tho | Northwest. Tho following was tho vote on striking out .ho ICth section: mmiKisfl nrr, nrwhnHl, Given, Mann, i hlllcnaen, Itnmcr. Shepard, Cot.r*. Mnr.q, Ward. Kastman, McConnell, Webiler, Wofcotl. AHADOV STIUKIXO CUT. Fuller, Kelly, Metcalf, Mrvn, PsUetson. Tm;Lcr. IThckney, Ad'lsrns, ItoyO, Cheney, Port, The seel lon of the hill wh’ch requires rail rondh, under heavy penalties, to deliver grain to any warehouse to which it may he con tinued was forlmmtely retained. Wo thick, however, that the IGlb section should have been retained hUo, and wo hope tho House will insert it again. £s*" Tho proposition to expend three rail lions of dollars to build a new State (louse nt Springfield, is not only extravagant but altogether premature. Before we build a law State House Ictus have a Constitutional Convention, and decide upon the dimensions «.f the future State Government to be accom modated In the State House. Wo are in tavor of a large Legislature, but wo are opposed to a large appropriation for a State House until the sentiment of the State upon that nud kindred questions shall have been au thoritatively ascertained. Illinois i*oat Office Changes. The following new Tost Offices have been established, and the following Postmasters have been appointed, recently, in Illinois; ESTABLISHED. Post Office* Cenniy. rostmuter. port ten. ......Twrcwell .lose Dittos. ito&a Hook Sts- Green Adam Schebm. tion MSCOXTIXrED. Pott Office. County. Crawford Oallalln POSTEAfTBES AffOIETBP. Post Office. CoßotT. Postmaster. Belle Prairie Hamilton .. Charles W. Todd. Caruarco...., Do'icla* F.W. lUtirtL Connell TUI! Jo Dartre# William Harvey. Kim Point flood Charles O. Baker. inmw4>od....~....r«erla ,D. D. Bawen. Fredonla .....'WtilUsuon F. M. Sparks. Übrrtyvllie Lake Mrs. Ktmly Sprague. Maine Cook Bsoj. r. Thacker. Mlnenk Woodford Geo. Q. Je&klns. Morrl-on Whiteside. Frank (leadentn. New Bedford Bureau Washington Hay. ShertmTEevtlle....Kankakee Arthur V . Bryant. Bolton's Pou.t....Clay base Comstock. Central Park. The tenth annual report of the New York Cen tra] Park Commissioner sets forth some interrat ing facta which tend to show the great public ben efit of such an und-rtaklng, and are especially I wotih; of consider*-,ion In connection wllhthe | proposed formation of a large public park in the ; city of Chicago. The total cost of the park up to tilts time, including the cost of land aud Improve ments, has been ten million dollars, while the In created valuation of properly in the three sur rounding wards, consequert upon the construc tion of the park, is nearly fifty-four millions. The increased taxseenred by (his Imported rise intbe value of adjacent property Is nearly double the amount required to pay the Interest on the gross cost of the park and Us improvement*. The total length of park drive now la use is 9,45 S miles; to tal length of bridle road now in nee, 6,503 miles; total length of walk now tn use, 23.559 miles. The following table shows the number of visitors for fire years past, estimating three persons with each vehicle: 15G2,4,1t5,515; 1863,4,337,409; 1861, 6,740,019; 1865, 7,593,139; ISC6. 8,939,073. The moral efiect of such a grand and well conducted centre for recreation la Illustrated by tho fact that the airests made lo the park during the past year for disorderly conduct, only averaged one lu ev ery seventy-five thousand visitors. A FnAKK and Koblk Act.—General Sheridan sent, a few days ago, to Mias Rebecca Wtlght, of Winchester, Vo., an elegant gold watch, an ex quisitely wrought chain, a brooch and charms. *ilie brooch is of gold, beautifully wrought Into a gauntlet, and set with pearls. One of the charms, •sour correspondent Informs us. Is a sword set with very valuable diamonds. Accompanying UiU magnificent gill was an autograph letter from General Sheridan acknowledging Miss Wright’s services, which led to the General's success at Winchester. Id the battle of the 19lh of Septem ber, ISM. Hiss Wright was a young Quakeress, well known for her faith tu a united nationality, and understood to he willing to sld the cause at any sacrifice. When General Sheridan was In great doubt bow to act he sent a scout to the lady, who, writing upon a slip of paper, which she In closed to tin foil, directed It to be placed In the month that it might escape the enemy's search, and thus furnished the Information that enabled the General to achieve his victory. EUROPE. Ib Another Continental War Impending ? Military armaments of the Great Powers. Obstacles to a Solution of the East ern Qnestion. The French Reforms. letter of the Emperor, and His Offi cial JDecree. Terrible Sufferings of tbo Poor In London. (Special Correspondence of tbo Chicago Tribune "] Flo&ucs, Italy, January IS. Tho conversion of Eoropo Into an armed camp Is more rhetorical than real, and when the smoko of this battlo of pens clears away f It will doubtless bo found that the net re sult is that tho Kings hold tbclr ground against tbo popular demand fbr reductions In tbo war estimates. To ask for more Is often an excellent plan to keep what you have, and we are gradually coming to see that this is tho game of tho Sovereigns. Many a plausible reason can bo given for an Incrcsso of armaments. Franco smarts under tho military superiority of Prnssla, and it is reasonable enough that Napoleon should seek a quarrel with his neighbor, In order to arrest tho unification of Germany. Tbo Eastern qnestion Is clamoring lor atten tion, and It Is the most distinctively Euro pean question before public opinion, and in volves tbo most intense hostility of purpose in different Cabinets. These considerations and many others support the fears of those who forecast a bloody egc—an ago of needle guns and iron-clad ships, of field murder on a scale never yet witnessed la Europe. Giroodln, of the L(baie t foresees a great deluge ol barbarism brought on by war, and is making "war upon war*' with a hopeless air which says plainly that he only does his doty in a foregone disaster to humanity. Bnt when one looks over the ground a lit tle more cautiously and inquires what all this arming of peoples bos come to, how much the bellowgraphlc rhetoric of Jour nalism has influenced public opinion, he dis covers that the world has not lost its com- mon sense; that wars will not spring oat of the ground; that the ago wo live In Is not likely to throw away its gains by past wars for the mere pleasure of prosecuting and pay ing for new and causeless ones. It is obvl* ons to the most careless observer that there Is no military spirit abroad; that outside of Cabinets and War Bureaus there is a general desire for peace, and that public opinion Is more than ever master of the situation. It looks well on pancr to say that the unifica tion of Germany has dcstroved the peace of Europe and introduced a restless element ol discord. But the simple fact is, that the Emperor Napoleon has ceased to control European politics. »For those who, like myself, distrust both the ability and the purity of the late President of this continent, his enforced abdication Is a good omen for the peace of the world And he has abdicated/ and done so with a piece which, like Cardinal Woolsey’a dying, is more becoming than any passage of his official career. He proposes to have a large army six years hence. What reasonable hu man being can see a war in XBGS as a conse quence of his reorganization of the army ? The simple fact will come oat at last that be is "satisfying the legitimate aspirations of France’* by talking largely and planning a military edifice which can bo taken down os easily as a balloon is collapsed. As an argument on the other side, that is against the “bloody epoch” theory, take the relations of England to the present state of Europe. It is now openly avowed by organs of the Ministry that Prussia is tbenatural ally of England, and there is just enough truth in It to make the nation which most loves peace, which is strong est on the high seas, a powerful arbiter between France and Prussia. In point of fact, too, any man who will take the pains to look over the war esti mates of the different countries, must see tho plain, palpable, decisive fact that the armies of ISG7 arc in the aggregate no larger than those of 1S(30. The Kings, I repeat, have kept their soldiers against the natural desire of lax-payers to lessen army expenses, and that Is the Important result. There Is another result worth noting. If only for the moral under It. The reforms lu armies arc two-fold—better guns aoi larger reserves. Now, the theory hitherto held is tnat the deadlier the wraoon, the less men are likely to use it against each other, ami there In no reason to suspect that the battle, of Sadowa boa upset the logic of things. Furthermore, it is clear enough that the creation of large reserves, the making every man a soldier even, ts a powerful peace meas ure. When public opinion not only shapes the thoughts of Cahiucis, but actually holds the guns, there must be less danger of rash, 111-advised and needless military enterprises. There is no doubt that the troubles in tho Hast must be put lu tho way of solution, but they arc not such as can only be solved by war. The very power Prussia possesses i might be a solvent in the regular movement i of diplomacy. Russia will not move oa Con stantinople with all Europe barring her path ; Franco will In vain seek to bar that puth,lf Prussia throws her sword In the scale with that ol Russia. But If Prussia, acting with England and Italy, should say, “Let Turkey release her dissatisfied Chris tian provinces and give them to Greece, or make them Independent and leave tho 1 sick man* to die at Ids leisure,” the Eastern ques tion would be deferred until civilization can contrive o solution of tho fate of Constanti nople. Such a policy would reduce tho agi tators to powcrlcsMicss. Tho Eastern fruit Is not ripe. France exccp'cd, most of West ern Kup po is to-day united In tho belief that the separation of Hie Greek Inlands, Benia and Bulgaria from the Ottoman Em pire, would be ns near a Just settlement ns the character of the population of Turkey per mits. 1 hope the Americans arc not numerous who “ back ” Russia in Iter claims upon the Bosphorus. 6o vast, so barbaric n power as I Russia is, consummating lu XH'V7 the long I crime against Poland, deserves no sym pathy in our country, and 1 hope we shall ! confine our courtesies to diplomacy and the “ highfalutin ” speeches of envoys like Cap tain Fox and General Cassias M. Clay. Eu rope Is struggling Into liberty, and I, for one, dread to see (his colossus of despotism striding westward to undo, perhaps, the work of Cavour, Gambaldi, Blsmark, and Von Moltke. There are necessary wars. It is sometimes necessary to kill a tiger or a Hon to save a life. So it was necessary to crash Austria with the only thing she ever respected, Aard Nov*. If she gets up again, and la again troublesome, nothing bat gunpowder will quiet her; but for the other Governments of Europe, (Spain Is not worth reckoning,) reasons of a more Intellectual character are likely to be effective. Even Napoleon Is not likely to make great quarrels in which he conld be sure of no constant ally In all Europe. This long dissertation goes dead against the general fear of great straggles to come ; but 1 think there arc more facts on my side—l have mentioned only a few—than on the other. We shall see if the world, after achieving the brilliant results of the last ten years, will all at once abdicate its brains and turn savage. I bad in my head a little preface to the Italian war estimates, bat I fear the portico hSs become tho honsc, and the house must serve as a lean-io at tho rear. The King protested, on New Tear’s day, to the Presi dents of ths two Chambers that he did not want the army annihilated. The official Gazette fixed up a pretty speech and pub lished It the next day. It happened, how ever, that the reporters got hold of the ac tual text and denied the official version’s authenticity. Whereupon a vast clamor about a very small matter. The King, like all kings, wants a large army. The Chambers, like all Chamber?, want to vote as little money os possible for war estimates. A collision had taken place before the holi days between the Minister of War and the Deputies. Cugla, the Wat Minister, irritated by the tight gripe of the Deputies on the purse strings, rushed to tho King and re signed. The King sided with his Minister, of course, and told the Deputies in plain, blnnt, soldier’s phrase, that he did not want the army destroyed- Anxious to keep it, be suggested all tho uses to which It might be put. It was an element of union, of popular education, of assimilation of the diverse characters of the provinces—a great national school, In short—and, morever. It might soon, or at So distant day, have a chance to cover Itself with glory. - All which means Jnst nothing, and no part of which Is of necessity of the nature of a lucifer match. General Cugla has racked his bralus to economize In tho army without greatly reducing it; that is, without destroying the skeleton of a large army, and be pro tests to have solved his problem. He shows how be can keep his cake and cat It, too, unfortunately nobody but military men profess to see it, His logic, like that of most others, Is to ordinary read, era, dead against his conclusion. But U a man avers that if the cake be oaten It cannot bo kept, and straightway adds, “so you see I have found a way to reconcile these contradictory facts,” there will bo people to ccept tho final summing up without ques- tlon. So tho Minister of War tells ns he can save forty millions of francs from bis first bill, and, as the Minister of Finance has Just told us wo shall fall behind this year one hundred and eighty millions of francs, wo may complacently subtract the forty and reckon our deficit at one hundred and forty millions only. But nobody expects the money to be saved, and least of all do the Deputies embrace the delusion. It is a sort of farce enacted for tho comfort of the country, which secs no reason nnder heaven for a large army. There arc those, too, who fear that tho Government will be enticed into tho “ pur suit of glory n by Napoleon, in Holds where the national sympathies would bo outraged. Italians sympathize with the Greeks, with the Christians in the East, and they owe tome debts of vengeance against Turks, of some centuries’ standing, which they would not unwillingly pay. But to light, as they did, in the Crimea for the Turks Is not on the popular cards; and the Minister who tries to put It there will miss bis mark. In (act, Italians see no chance to drab Austria, and therefore no reason for keening tbe whip on iho crack; and, disliking tbe taxes and the df/UU lu the balance sheet, growing long er every year, they clamor for a peace poller In the army. But for 1807 wo shall pay one hundred and sixty-two millions of francs for an army of two hundred and thirteen thousand men, hoping that ISOS may bring some news of that disarming once patronized by Napoleon. Tlic army is not extensive as compared with other armies. Tho mean cost of a soldier in Prus-la is 770 francs, while In Italy It Is oniy 730 francs. Tho rank and file are cheap cnongh. The expense is chiefly for epau lette?, and decorations, and bureaus. Use less or unemployed officers of btgii nrnk are lu excess, and their salaries represent tho most unpopular luxury of the country. Minister Sctaloja will give v us hts budget next week—tbe amended budget which the country lias demanded. He cannot mako s balance-sheet, but he may considerably re duce the nominal figures. The chief expected feature Is that soap bubble of ox-Fhumco Minister Mingbcttl— tbe dicker with tbe Blsbopa about the se questrated church property. Ho says to the . Bishops: “Take it back; give ns six hundred millions in five annual rates, and sell your property in ten years, making what you can." Enthusiastic patrons of Italy leap to the conclusion that Italy makes a neat sum of six hundred millions by her raid on the church property. This is not true, for tho simple reason that she has made no raid. Tho law ir question Is not a confiscation. The State undertakes to administer the finances of the Church—to run the churches and pay the pas tors. From the slxhundrcd millions—should be get U—tbo Finance Minister must pay the salaries of tho priests; figures on paper make it look like a good saving of say throe hundred millions; but the figures are be lieved to be mendacious. On tbo other band tbe scheme must bo legalized by a law, and It Is claimed both that tbo Bishops have tho power and that they have the will to endorse the bargain. It Is said the Pope has opposed it. Ido not believe it. It is tbe last thing he is likely to do. One hears so much of the benevolence and conciliation of Pins IX. that he loses faith in bis own deductions from plain facts; but it remains trno that the Pope has done nothing to show that be would become a party to what he considers an act of revolu tionary spoliation. Certainly a bargain made by the Bishops would have no legal vi tality—for they arc not a corporate body— and each a contract might be a device to gain time until some winking Madonna shall fclflt her oft-repeated pledge to over throw Italy and her Xing. Blowing bubbles of this sort will not res cue Italian finance ; nothing hut a reform in rdminlstration, a destruction of the central ized system, a larger popular element in the local administrations, will give a clean bal ance sheet. I lave only toadd that noho.y hopes tor that reform very soon. Dearborn. THE FRENCH EEFOSMS. Letter of Uif Emperor Napoleon to tbe Olinbiter of state. The following letter has been addressed by the Emperor to tbe Minister ot State: Palace or tbe Tcruimt*, January Iff. Monsieur l* Ministrb: For some years question has been asked whether oar institutions have attained their limit of improvement, or whether new improve ments aro to no realized. Ucucc a lamenta ble uncertainty, which it Is Important to re move.. Up to the present you have bad to strive courageously in order to repel Inopportune demands, and to leave with me the initiative of useful reforms when the time should ar rive. And now, I believe that it is possible to give to the institutions of the Empire all the development of which they are capable, and to tbe public liberties a now extension, without compromising the power which the nation has entrusted to me. The plan which 1 have traced out to my sell consists in correcting the imperfections which time has revealed, and in admitting that progress which is compatible with our. habits; for to govern Is to profit by the ex-* perk-nee which has been acquired, and to foresee the wants of the future. The object of ihcdecrcooftbpSlth of No vember, 1800. was to associate tde donate and Corps Lcgisiatil more directly with the poli cy of the Government, but the debate on the midicss has untied to thu results which were lo be cxprcied from it—it has sometimes needlessly excited public opinion, given rise to sterile discissions, and occasioned a loss of time most precious for thuaifiirs of tbe country, and 1 bclievo that without any diminution of the prerogatives of the deliber ative powers, ibe oddress rnav bo replaced by the privilege, prudently regnlitcd, of putting questions to Um Government. Another modification has appeared to mo vcctßsaiy in the relations ot the Govern ment toward the great bodies of the State. I have considered that hy sending the M*nta tern t » the Senate and the Corps Lcirislatlf to take puit In certain debates, by virtue of a special commission, I should belter utilize the strength of the Government, without deviating from the terms of the ConHllu ton, which admits no solidarity among the Ministers, nnd makes them dependent onlv upon the Chief of the Slate lint the reforms which It Is fitting to adopt must not Btopthcre. A law will bo proponed for assigning the Jurisdiction over alienees ngnlm-l tlm press law exclusively to Hie Cor rectional Tribunals, and thns suppress the discretionary power of the Government. It is equally uecossnry to regulate legislatively the right of a-scmldy. while restraining it • within the limits which public safely de mands. I (aid hut year that my Government wished to walk upon ground consolidated and capo i hie ol sustaining power oml liberty. By the measures 1 have just pointed out my word-* , become imllzcd. ido not shake the ground , which fifteen years of calm and prosperity have consolidated, hut I increase the 1 strength by rendering my relations with the ; great public powers more intimate by secur ing to the citizens by law fresh guarantees, ! by completing the crowning of the edifice , erected by the national will. On this. Monsieur 1c Mlmstre, I pray God to have ycu In His holy keeping. Napoleon. The Decree. The following is tbc lull text of the decree which accompanies the letter of the Em peror: Kapolcon, by the grace of God and the na tional will. Emperor of the French, to all present and to come, greeting. Wishing to give to the discussions of tbc great bodies of the State, relative to the home and foreign policy of the Government, more utility and precision, we have decreed and decree what follows: Article 1. The members of the Senate and of the Corps Leclslatif may put ques tions to the Government. Art. 2. Every demand for addressing ques tions to the Government must be written or signed by five members at least. This de mand will briefly explain the object of tbe Questions, and will be handed to the Presi dent, who will communicate It to the Minis ter of State, and refer It to the committees tor examination. Art. 3. If two committees of tbc Senate, or four committees of the Coips Legislate, deliver the opinion that the questions may be put, tbe Chamber will fix a day for their discussion. Art 4. Upon the close of the debate tbe Chamber will either simply declare the or der of the day, or refer the questions to the Government. Art. 5. The simple order of the day will always bare priority. . Art. 6. The reference to the Government can only be made in the following terms : *• The senate (or the Corps Leglslatlf) calls the attention of the Government to the ob ject ol the questions.” In this case a sum mary of the debate will also be transmitted to the Minister of State. Art. 7. Any of the Ministers may, if specially delegated by the Emperor, be chanted in concert with the Ministers .of State and the Presidents and members of the Council of State, to represent the Govern ment in the Senate or Corps Lcgislatif dur ing debates on general questions or bills. Art. 8. Articles one and two of our decree of tbe S4lh of November, 1860, providing that tbe Senate and Corps Leglslatlf shall every year, at the opening the session, vote an address, in reply to our speech, are here by repealed. Art. 9. Onr Minister of State is charged with the execution of the present decree. Done at the Palace of the Tnllerles, Janu ary 10. By the Emperor, Napoleon. The Minister of State, E. Romms. ENGLAND, Terrible Snflferlng In liondon. (From the London Times, January at) At a meeting of the Poplar Board of Guardians, held on the Sth of January, it was stated that the number of out-door pau pers had Increased to such an extent that the relieving officers bad found it utterly impos sible for them to visit all who bad applied for relief. Mr. Jeffries, the relieving oiuser for the Sonth District, had nearly 1,000 fami lies on his books, each famllv representing at least five persons. He had been at work night and day. and felt quite unequal to the strain. On the previous day he had given awav two tons and five hundred weight of brea'd. The total number of persons relieved out of ihe house that week was 8,819, being an Increase on that of tbe corresponding week of last year of 5,453, and the contrac tor* had supplied the Union with 10 tons 13 cwt. of bread In a week, or 9,314 loaves. That was in Poplar alone. A gentleman residing In the West India ros'd, writing on Sunday last, states that he had visited many of the working people at their houses tn that neighborhood, ana that SSQSSss ttelr children almost n‘^ d “nd f.mUliln^ SSF liiisisti Slot amdorment for manymonth.. ? TC .J, W hlS Slhlnc to”e upon but the bare SlSrl and nothing to cover them but a single 8b The rector of Bethnal Green (Mr, Hansard) there is a great deal of distress S 2 “• th.t “I commercial panic, the S'iJi ,nd tho frost had severely affected tKor’ktag clasac.; that the ratca arci no* In the moporllon of Bs. In tho pound per Ir.r- that tho irorkhonaoli full, every anaro ni.ee bclnc occupied hy a hod ; and that on Tuesday last clßht honra were apent In In ouhtne into the ont-door caaca. Th.-plt tarcc of 2s. or Bs. a week, ho aaya, might “ell bo supplemented by private benovo- IC "fhi Secretary of tho Dock and Wharf Laborers’ Association, High street. Shad well writing o» Saturday lost, think, ho „„%afelv aay 80,000 ol thoao claaaca are Z! ault/out of employment, and hna not corned ri shilling for the Inst twomonths ; that probably 16,000 of them .re dragging out a miserable cilalonco by pledging little tli Inga and telling article, of furniture ; and that the rest arc receiving scanty relief from the parlshea of Whitechapel, Bethnal Orecn, Snlinlllelds, Shndwcll, Poplar, nnd Wap- Another correspondent writes: Sickening mid heartrending have been tho scenes of dlutrcfs 1 have witnessed during my four months’ voluntary employment of doing wlmt I could, In my humble degree, to assist it- alleviating tho misery of mv ftl- - low-creatures. Upwards of 500 famine* during that time bavo been brought under my notice, ond I can unhesitatingly affirm such a season of distress and misery was never before experienced In this locality. Ho adds that during all tho summer mouths, owing to tbo scarcity of work and tho visi tation of cholera, many (hinllles bad to part w Ith articles of clothing, bedding, and every thing upon which money could uo obtained, so that when tho winter sot In they had nothing left to dispose of, and the pawn brokers, whoso shops ore already crammed with poods, care but to give the merest trifle fur things which may never bo redeemed. Now iho distress was fearfully ami palpably developed by tbe continuance of tho cold weather. To particularize cases of distress, ho says, is almost beyond hts power. It Is widespread, and almost universal. Ho lias seen three ond four families of children in one bouse, where the lathers have bad per haps not more thus a few weeks’ work since the middle of last May, and twenty, thirty. ontUvcn as many as sixty dupllcatc*had sometimes been shown him, the silent but mournful representatives of what was once a comfortable borne.

FROM BOSTON. Massachusetts in the French Exhibition. The Gamblers Subjugated. Hotel Extensions and Hew Hotel Enterprises. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.' Boston, Mass., February 4, MASSACHUSETTS AND THE PARIS EXHIBITION. Our State Legislature has been in session here fora month, and for the first time its pro ceedings contain an element of lively in terest la the discussion of the pioposal to send a model of a Massachusetts school house and its appurtenances to the Paris Exhibition of the coming summer, for the admiration of the world. The idea was first made public by, If it did net origi nate with, Mr. Usher, the Commissioner ap pointed to look after the Interests of the State in this matter. Governor Bullock gavo it a cordial endorsement In his oonnal ad dress, and the House Committee on Educa tion reported a bill accordingly. The Fi nance Committee treated the subject very scornfully, reporting that the bill ought not to pass, but tbe matter is not yet finally de cided- Meanwhile the dally papers have scented on absurdity In tbo scheme, and the Daily Adxxrti*tr of. yesterday morning: had a very clever sarcastic article on the subject. The model which It Is proposed to furnish with the opprr.prlatlou of $3,200 Is a room thirty feet by fifty-six, with the most approved styles of furniture—to bo provided free by the dealers in such articles—and a supply, of cooisc enormous, of such sample school books as the publishers are willing to give for the sake of advertising their issues. Tho Advirtiur takes the ground that the only thing Massachusetts has cause to be specially proud of in her schools lathe fact that they are tree: aud that in the details of our edu cational systems we are lar behind England, Prussia and other nations which will berop icjcnlcd at the French Emperor’s fidr. Hence It Is argued that it would be tbo height of snobbery to send across the Atlan tic, for the inspection of tho world, a lot of - books and desks Id a cramped apartment, as tbc contribution of Massachusetts, to represent a school sys tem which at best Is nothing to boast of; :«nd a parallel is found in the action of the English authorities who, when visited by the Cror, fresh from bis armies of a million or so, pompously Invited him to a review of two battalionsol Britons. Of course the (tovernor and the advocates of the plan in the Legislature feel somewhat irritated by this cavalier treatment ofit, and arc disposed to btrike back, and so there bids tail to bo a very 'pretty quarrel over It, be fore Massachusetts decides upon her action in lhc premises. . TUB GAMBLERS DISCOURAGED. Since tire first of January the State Con stables have made raids upon the gambling t»t> loons of Boston about once a week—raids syteinatically conducted In military fashion, organized squads making simultaneous descents upon all the different establish ments, that one might not give warning to the. other, and making a clean sweep In arrests rf nil engaged In the game and the confiscation of all the corlly utensils cm* ployed. This steady succession of the forays heretofore only spasmodic and occasional has hud a very prompt effect; for tn-doy the keepers of the gaming establishments have mot and decided to cloeo up business for the present. A more emphatic compliment to the cfll clency and value of the constabulary forco could hardly have been Imagined, for tho proprietors of these gambling dons—-who keep themselves In the background and man age their lnnduesu by proxy—are men ot large capital and no small degree of pluck, and their profits were so enormous that they could afford tohave a thousand dollars' worth of property seized, and to pay the fines of all arrested men. If the constables did not romo oltcner than once a fortnight. Of course they will gradually and stealthily open their doors ogaln when they think thyre Is a chance of security; but If the Chief Constable Is disposed to continue vigi lant, and to ponnee upon the first den that begins operations after this lull, he may get them permanently under subjection, and practically exterminate the business from the city. THE liquor lAW. Those interested in the substitution of the license law for the present prohibitory statute In regard to the sale of liquor, are making a more energetic effort this winter than they have done for many years. Peti tions to the Legislature for this object have been circulated in Boston among the mer cantile community, and have received the signatures of hundreds of tbc most promi nent merchants of the city. The movers in tbe matter, consisting, of course, mainly of the hotel keepers and leading liquor sellers, have also done a wise thlog In securing ex- Governor Andrew as their counsel, to give respectability to their cause in the eyes of tbc public and of the Legislature. I do not learn, however, that there is any present prospect of success in their main effort. HOTEL EXTENSION. Mr. Harvey D. Parker, of the Parker House, has bought tbe property adjoining that establishment, on School and Tremont streets, for sso,ooo—an advance on the value of the estate, twenty or thirty years ago, of about five hundred per cent. Some leases having five yean to run will prevent the Im mediate Improvement of the purchase; bat eventually the Parker House will cover the entire estate, and have a second main entrance on Tremont* street, opposite the Tremont House. There are other signs of activity and pros perity in the hotel ’ business. The new hotel in Charlestown, called the Waver ly House, because it is constructed from the profits of that unique literary enterprise, the ITotvrfy Uagazine, Is nearly completed, and is an imposing structure on the principal square of the city. A newhotcl, not of first class dimensions, bat otherwise not to bo surpassed bv any, is going no at the South End, Intended, I presume, for the winter residence of wealthy families rather than for transient customers. And some residents of that delightful suburb of Dorchester, from whose eminence Washington threw his shells into Boston, ninety ycats ago, have formed themselves into a stock company for the erection of a grand hotel In that town. amusements. Mr. Bateman’s engagements with his tronpe having terminated on the first of February, some of the principal artists, In cluding Parcpa, Brignoli and Rosa, have handed themselves together for a spring campaign without the dignified and ener getic impressorio, bat with Mr. McQlenen, Mr. Bateman’s former agent, as business manager. They begin soon with concerts In the minor New England cities, and will giro a grand entertainment here In about five weeks, In which Herr Carl Rosa and Mile. Camilla Urso will play a violin duet, and Miss Adelaide Phillips will J 'ln her contralto tolco with the soprano of Mme. Taropfl. Mr. and Mrs. Howard Paul bate begun their concerts her?, and will remain a fort night. Mr. Wilkie Collins’* play of Tho Frozen Deep,” written, as your readers may remember, for amateur performances by the author and Charles Dickons, and other lite rary men, baa been brought out hero at tho Museum with very Imposing spectacular ad juncts. Nearly all tho theatres are well pat ronized, though the Museum Ja the only one which dlsplaya much enterprise In brlngipg out novelties. Mr. E. L. Davenport, having a fortnight hero In his starring lour, purposes to bring out ifrcc, next week, a romantic his torical play founded on tho fortunes of Chris topher Columbus, In which ho played a few times with success in Philadelphia In 1803. It Is an adaptation from the French. VARIOUS MATTERS. Wo have boon having ft prolonged thaw fora week or so, with foggy days and nights, that have sown the seeds of Innumerable consumptions, and relieved tho streets of their superabundance of snow. Tho drifts have not been sufficiently diminished, how ever, to enable tho horse railroad companies to reach their tracks, and suburbans and South Endcrs still have no better moans of transportation between bomo and business than an insufficiency of comfortless open sleighs. A fine rifle, worth |BOO, and claimed by Us maker to bo the best ever produced In this country, is on exhibition iu one of tho win dows on Washington street, and is to bo pre sented to General Grant. Rbvkki. A BTHAKUE riIEHOMEKON. A Young Lady In a Year*# Trance-Four gloDlha Without Moving, Sleeping, Kotina or Drinking—extraordinary BOcctol Physical Injuries [From tbo New York Rvealog Gazette, Fob ruary 0 J In the city of Brooklyn bna long resided a highly respectable family, well kuown for their social position, which iflt Is not one of wiuHb, is that of competence. ——. a daughter of a widowed mother,fa younglady whose amiable qualities have always en deared her to ber companions and friends, and now. at tbo age of twenty, she has be come one of the roost remarkable Invalids that have excited tho medical faculty. About a year ago,' was thrown* from a horse, and tor some time sulfercd severely from the Injuries thus received. Her case, however,at that time,called for no more than the ordinary attention due to one whoso uer tous and physical system bad become shocked by a sudden and unexpected fall. Subsequently another injury was sus tained by l ho unfortan&i c young lady, whose cafc is now about 10 command the attention of tbo entire world of physical and mental science. . . .. Tbe second Injury received by the young lady was caused by having her skirt caught by a street car, through which misfortune she was dragged a considerable distance. The nature of the injuries received baa never been fully determined; but It la conjectured that some Injury was unstained at the base of the brain, or to tbe spinal column. The Eaticnt was removed to her bed, where she os remained now about twelve months, un doubtedly a great autTerer, but yet losing nothing of her youthful color and beauty. HER APPEARANCE. Site recline* on her right side. Her right hand rests under the right ear. The fore- Anger and thumb of this band can be moved at tv ill. The left band and arm are free, bat the thumb of the left hand rigidly adheres to the palm, and is not of use in the various employments of the invalid. Her low er limbs arc seriously intertwisted. The eyes arc closed, and the teeth firmly set, so that food or drink cannot be conveyed to the palate The face of the body has all the appearance of complete health, and ra'hor Increases in beauiv. notwithstanding the very remark able disease, or combination of diseases, which atlllct the patient. The other phenomena are still more re markable since they show that the mind, though deprived of the ordinary senses, is Just as active, the feelings Just as fresh, warm and playful as when the invalid, was In the enjoymett of perfect health-- Though without the use of her month, eyes or teeth —though she neither cats nor. drinks, nor sleeps lor weeks together, yet she lives cheerful and comparatively happy. HOW SUE LIVES Is the problem f»r science to solve. For four mouths preceding last Sc* tember she has not tasted food ol ouy kind and bad not slept. Since then experiments have been madcito feed her. asabc has conveyed a message oc casionally in these words: **l feel hungry.” Food, however, when forced upon her seems to produce trances and catalepsy, and. for twenty days together she has remained in a trance. Occasionally the patient is affected by Bimemi. At these times the right hand is thrown rigidly out. the leg unwinds and a convulsion takes place; but soon the limbs fly bacß, like springs, to their wonted places, and the mind of the sufferer becomes cheer* 10l ogam. In periods of catalepsy other phe* nomena present themselves. Among these Is the general rigidity of tho the body that is like marble, and sbe may then be placed npon the extremity of the toes and remain there immoveable. Thoje, however, arc tbo exceptions to the general condition of the patient, who Is icmarkable for qualities still more interesting She writes to her friends and schoolmates warm and affectionate letters, but she docs this with her left hand. Grasping the pen with tire lour flmrers—not using the thumb— she places the little Hosier parallel with the slate or paper, and usually in a beautiful Italian buck band conveys what she bus to ■oinmmilcfltc. While writing she does uot ase her eyes. The lids are closed. UOW SUB REARS is another niaivel. When a book la given to bur etu bolds it, but it la kept closed, and she eooo becomes entirely cognizant of 1U contents. Thus la it irltli letters. She re‘da them entirely by clairvoyance, and settles that disputed problem beyond any doubt. It will be naturally asked If «ho can see every* tiling In the room, since she thus perceives v bat is near her. This question is a dlill cuitone to settle, nlthoucb the facts scorn to establish the negative. Recently a very venerable physician, prompted hy curiosity, called to see b<T. On patronizing her with tnatv kind word** and calling her his “dear child,” to Ingratiate himself more readily, he earned her' considerable annoyance. Af terward, however, he quietly sat at a dis tance to observe her. it Is supposed that she thought ho bud gone, for calling for her stale she Imitated In words and otherwise the peculiar manners of the dueler. HER EMPLOYMENTS nro numerous, but those—the results or which are tbc roost wonderful—nro her pa per cutting*, her embroideries end crochet work in colors. Wo have said that she can use the thumb and forefinger of her right hand. These hold the scissors when she cut* paper. Meanwhile the lea hand Is bo* bind her head during the performance of the task. In theramoway—tlie left hand always at the hack of the head— sho pursues herein* broidery and crochet work In various colors, precisely aa she might do If she had the tice ol both hands. It Is quite evident that she doltvoysnlly perceives everything that 1* .near her; but beyond this, probably. Iter power does not extend. Still *h.< is not de prived of occupation ony more tlmu o lady who has her eyes. licit m«u:a«Eß. Tetanus is one of her diseases. All the symptoms of lockjaw arc hors, and she Is alt>o at times troubled with hysteria and cat alepsy, but thcro is not sclenro enough in the medical faculty to solve the problem and produce a cute. It Is possible that under some conditions she might by virtue of her clairvoyant power prepare the way to Iter own restoration. Hitherto the family have guarded the invalid from intrusion and ex periment, and thoueh they ore willing that men of science may profit by observation In her case, they are very properly unwilling to subject her to trials which may as well be avoided. Recently *shc bos received some nourishment, but the phvsians declare that It cannot bo called such, although as the at tempt has been made* we state the fact to prevent any charge of overdrawing this pic ture of human suffering. The whole subject is important, andwhen tbc incredulous have become convinced that there Is a woman living in the metropolitan circuit who has existed for four months with out moving, sleeping, eating or drinking, we may add further tacts of Interest to aid the cause of science. We will simply add In closing that the trance into which the patient fell commenced at Christmas, and continued for twenty days. Daring the time she was. to all appearance, dead; but she came to herself somewhat im proved, to far as can be Judged. The emi nent physician in attendance on her says that sue may now be considered as receiving some (food, although it is his opinion that for nine months she has existed totally with out nourishment. In duo time he will prob ably give a full report of the case, upon which at present he has no opinion to offer- A Miockiog Tragedy In Cast County, Illinois. [Beardslown (111.) Correspondence (Feb. 4) of the I’eorla Democrat.] A most shocking tragedy was enacted in this county, a few miles south of this city, on Sunday. The circumstances are taese: Ralph Thornley, an old man. and a weal thy one, about one month since led his house and went to church, it being on Sun* day. There was no onejcfl behind to watch the bouse, be being a widower without a family, save a ton, a man grows, who lived with him. Be was known always to have large sums of money constantly on hind, as he loaned a great deal, and was very vain and boastfnl. He had frequently exulted in tbe presence of bis less fortunate neighbors that he bad three thousand dollars in gold. When the old man returned from chorcb, he, as usual, went immediately to bis chest to see if his money was safe, when he found, to his horror and dismay, that his gold and greenbacks, amounting in all to tnl-ty-five nndred dollars, was gone. In looking around tbe bouse he found that nothing else had been taken or disturbed, not even five hour red dollars belonging to his son, which was in a portmoncaie in tbe pocket of a coat whibh hung on the wall. This circumstance, together with the manner in which the house bad been entered, caused the old mao to sus pect his son, Samuel Thornley,was the thief, and this soon became the prevailing opinion In the neighborhood. A few days since, this suspicion assumed a more positive aspect. .as it was found . that tbe son had purchased a farm and paid for it In cash. Vesteidny the old man armed himself with a revolver, and openly charged his son with tbe theft. High words soon arose between them. when the old man drew bis pistol and shot nis son through tbe head, the ball cn* tering Just behind tbe car and coining out at the cheek ; be then put tbe weapon to his oh n mouth and shot himself, the ball com ing out at the back of his head. They both fell and were fmnd by the neighbors and cared for. Strangely enough, they are yet both alive and tbe attending physician gives It as his opinion that they will both recover. The old man raves and swears because he was nufucccssful In his attempt to kill his son, and would oven now finish the Job If he were able. As a man, he was verv unpopular In hts neighborhood, noisy and disputlve, quirrel some, and miserly. Ho bad but one idol, and that was ihe almighty dollar, tbe which he worshipped with tho mMt Impassioned fer vor. lie was an old and bravo soldier.wss one ofWclllncton’s bodr-cdianl. had fou?ht with him In all his battles on the lenlnsnla and In Germany, and was presented with n medal by Queen Victoria for meritorious con duct at Waterloo. VALENTINES. Interesting Statistics of Ibe Trade. [From tho Now York Times.] At letfst nlncty-nlno out of every hundred Individuals, male or female, to whom tho in quiry might be addressed whether Valen tino's Day was as fklthfully observed now as It was formerly, would tell yon without a moment’s thought or hesitation that tho de luge of missives which used to mark this notable anniversary bad of late become a very Insignificant snower, and that In a very few years tho practice would probably bo entirely forgotten. . Some facts, accidentally developed a few days since, suggested an Investigation, which proves conclusively that this Idea—that valentines arc out of date— Is, to a great extent, a mistaken one, and deserves to bo sot down as a popular error. During late years tho demand for the ornamental and lace paper of the description so largely used in valentines has Increased to such an extent that machinery for Its manufacture has been brought to great per fection, and this has had a very natural ten dency to concentrate la tho hands of a few Arms a business which was once prosecuted to a largo extent by Individuals. A single firm, tho headquarters of which are In Wil liam street In this city, has a capital of at least $50,000 Invested In the manufacture of valentines, and hero Is a succinct statement of the number, prices, and aggregate valuo of these missives, which It has ramie to meet the demand for this year’s trade ; 1.C00,c00 Comic Valentines at 3c $30,0)0 448,431 bcnllmcnlal Valentines at 6c 92.-191 8W,£20 Sentimental Valentinos at 10c 80,439 UW.sflO tirtitlmctital Valentinos at 10c 49,120 HI,MO HcDtlmontal Valentines at 90c *9,810 ]i9,floo Sentimental Valentinos oi26c *1,400 ciMKOßrnlimmin) Valentines at 30c..... 20,001 4tA7O Sentimental Valentines at 40c... . 17,039 64,018 HcttUmenlal Valentines at 60c 97,891 30.000 Sentimental Valentinos at 7Sc 29,500 jn.ooo HcPtlromtal Valentines at 81 p),onn 2,670 Sentimental Valentines at $1.90... 8,838 4.6T0 hcnllmontal Valentines at $2 9,000 j,MW HpatlmcnUl Valentinos at $8 4XCO I.SOO Bcßtimental Valentinos at $4 4,800 600 Sentimental Valentinos at $7.30.«. 8,750 400 denllmenial Valentines at |lO 4,ofti 100 Sentimental Valentines el $lB, ... 1,600 60 tienllmental Valentines at s3u 1,"03 SO Beotfraen'al Valentines at $23 730 St) Sentimental Valentine* at $30..... 1,300 10 Sentimental Valentines at $75 750 S Sentimental Vakntlncs at $100.... 200 9,6ol,OUvslen’lmrst..... $317,107 Here wc have an aggregate of over /teo-amf a-half million valentine* ranging In price from three cents to one hundred dollars, and tbe total valuo of which, m sold at retail. Is more than three hundred ihoutand dollart. This, too, be It remembered. Is the produc tion of a single firm;- The firm In question undoubtedly docs a heavier business in this Hue than any other In the city, but If wo snppose that all other manufacturers located here make only as many more wo have a , total of five millions made here each year, and adding to this say two-and a half mil ; Hons made in other cities, which Is assuredly ■ a low estimate, we have do- less than seven ■ and-a-balf million valentines for which love - lorn men and maidens have expended or aro likely to expend nearly $1,000,000 this year. If the population of the United States num bers no more than thirty millions, it is plain that there have been valentines enough made to allow every fourth man, woman and child to send one of these missives. As regards the style in which valentines are manufactured now-a-days,very little need be said. Those ‘of tho lower grades—the “ comics,” as they are known In the trade— are just as coarse in sentiment and design as ever they were ; and a very good reason for this Is the fact that many of the same verses do duty now which have been used for tho lust eight, ten or twelve years. The same exaggerated designs which found favorten or twelve years ago. are popular now. Nearly two hundred varieties of “ comics” ate man ufactured by the firm to which we have re ferred above, and they arc adapted'to ail trades, professions, occupations and condi tions of life—“ Codfish aristocracy,” “Fe nians,” “shoemakers,” “chambermaids,”' “slovens,” “Molly Mops.” Ac . t,*<v prices of valentines Indicate, the manner in which they are produced varies from the plain to the most carefully and gor gcously elaborate. It puzzles many to tin cistand bow one of these trifles can be got ten up in snob shape as to make it sell for $100; but the fhet & that even this figure is not by any means tho limit of their price. There Is a tradition that one of the Broad way dealers, not many years ago, disposed of no less than seven valentines which cost SSOO each, and it may safely be asserted that if any individual was so so simple as to wish to expend tea times' that sum upon one of these missives, some enterprising manufac turer would find s way to accommodate him. Valentines of this class arc not simply combinations ot paper gorgeously gilded, carefully embossed and elaborately laced. To he sure they show paper lovers seated In Taper grottoes, under paper roses, am bushed by paper cupids, unu Indulging in the luxury or paper kisses; but they also show something more attractive than these Super delights to the overjoyed receiver, eceptaelts cunningly prepared may hide watches or other jewelry, aud, of course, In this direction there is no limit to the lengths to which wealthy and foolish lovers may go. As will be seen by reference to the table given above, In the $300,000 worth of valen tines there summarized there were hut two included which were worth SIOO each, and the chances that any of the readers of the 2iW.< may receive ouc of those, or perhaps one of tho SSOO valentines (><*r this is a lottery in which all arc likely to have shares) are considerably less than they were that any of this same highly-favored circle (the readers of the Times we mean) would draw the Crosby Opera House, or the ton thousand dollars fo green backs given in tho Union Home and school enterprise. Among the sentimental valentines the most popular just now is a style lately Introduced, the peculiarity of which is Indicated by their designation, u Pcrfhmed Sachets.” Thcso are manufactured in all tho shapes and forma which Ingenuity can devise. The most at tractive arrangement, however, is one for holding photographs; and this Idea alone, it will at once be perceived, Is capable of being elaborated In forms innumerable. Then, too, there arc can) valentines, of various sizes, printed in colors beautifully and artistically blended, and quite equal to foreign produc tions In this same line. ANOTHER HEAVY HONB ROBBERY. One Hundred Thousand Dollarn Stolen front a Rrokct’w Oltlee, {Front Ihc New York Timer, February fl,j Wall street Is the source of sensations, and nut the least frequent of the events which stir the mercurial blond of the bulls and bears arc the oft-recurring robberies of Uni tid .‘flutes bonds—robberies which arc char acterized bj more case In their execution than skill in their conception. I‘robablv there is no sort of property more easy of appropriation it.an United Slates bonds. A roll ol there valuable securities lies upon a desk in a crowded ofilco, a clerk turns his head, ami a smartly dressed bystander deftly reaches forth bis dexter band, grasps the treasure, hides it bfircaih bis overcoat, and cooly walks off. In Just such a manner was Mr. Leonard W. Jerome victimized yester day to the tune of SIOO,OOO. fi••tween twelve and one o’clock, the bind rst purl of the business day, while a number of perrons were In Mr. Jerome’s otllce, No. Exchange place, a roll of Five-Twenty bonds which had Just been received from the office of Brown Brothers A U 6, was taken from a desk where It had been placed by the clerk. The robbery was discovered within five minutes alter Us occurrence, but not in time to arreet the thief, for whom diligent search was at once Instituted, The only duo to the rogue Is furnished by a gentle man who was waiting to speak to Mr. Je rome, who saw a man puss from the stove, where be bad apparently been wanning bis bunds, toward tne desks, going behind that upon which the bonds lay, and at once come back and saunter out of the office. As soon as the tbefl was discovered. Infor mation was conveyed to the Superintendent of Police, who put detectives on the case, and they have gone to work upon the faint due they possess as to the man’s Identity. The numbers of all the stolen bonds will bo pub lished to-day. Mr. Jerome offers a reward of $23,000 for the recovery of the securities. Mysterious Disappearance from Paris of an American Lady. A Paris correspondent, writing on the ISth ultimo, says: "A story appeared in the papers two days ago of a young American married lady having mysteriously disan tested from her residence in the Champs lysees, leaving some children of tender ; years and her servants without any knowl edge of her whereabouts. The husband, who had the greatest confidence In his wife —a confidence, according to all accounts, entirely justified by her character— carao over from America the moment he heard the sad news, and has, with the aid of the French police, made fruitless researches. He ascertained that she was In the habit of going frequently to a well-known convent, situated in a beautiful park at AntenU, with the ostensible object of letting the children play abont the grounds. One day lost autnran, after returning from a drive to the convent, she put on her bonnet and shawl and left the house, telling her servants iu a tone of voice betraying annoyance, that she was obliged to nay a visit on business. The newspapers not naving given her name, and referred to her only as Madame X , the tale might well have been suspected to be a canard; but now a eommunit/ue In the Prate infers that the police most know some thing abont her. The object of the communi que Is to upbraid the Pretue for having reflect ed upon the vigilance of the French police in this, asrwell as several other matters. * The administration,’ it is said with a mystery quite on a par with the disappearance of the lady, * feels compelled to maintain an ex treme reserve on the subject, bat is enabled to state that Madame X has not been the victim of any personal assault.’ ” Strange Adventure with Carrotera— How a nan Kccovercd Ilia Watch. (.From the St. Louis Democrat. February 6.] In the Ikmocrat of the 26th of last month is related an account of the manner in which Mr. Hubert Livingston, travelling agent of tbe Sligo Iron Works, was pi noted and robbed of a valuable gold watch, while on his way home tbe previous Saturday night, near the corner of Seventeenth and Biddle streets. Sir. Livingston resides at No. 1132 North Twentieth street, and was not far from home when he was waylaid. He had paid $175 in gold for the watch, and valued It highly, and the chain was worth SSO more. He made every effort to get a clue to the rob bers, aud offered alibcral reward for tbo re covery of bis lost timepiece. On last Saturday morning when Mr. Liv ingston arose, he discovered that a slip of najicr bad been thrust under his front door. It was a penciled notc,writtcn In a disguised band, with tbe words purposely mis spelled. It ran as follows: 41 You can have your watch for 75 doll— 11th & St. Charles—this evening at 9 o’clock. Dont tell ani one, or you wont see mo. Po lice cannot never find it.” Mr. Livingston proceeded at tbo boar named In the note to the place of meeting. Near tbe corner of Eleventh street and Washington avenue ho saw iwo men who separated a; ho approached, and one of them went away. The other man passed hy, and when a few steps distant said, “Have you got it?” Ho replied, “I have.” The roan then camo near, and asked Mr. L. If he bad brought the §75. Mr. L. told him ho ought to lot him have the watch for $25. The man resolutely refused to take that sum, and was then offered §SO. The stranger asked him If hehadsoo about him. Be said he had, andpnllcd usso hilt from his pocket. The stranger hesitated a moment and then declined to receive It, say* Ing he could not do so. He told Livingston that If ho would come to the same place the next night and bring the 175, be would get his watch, but that if he attempted to get any one arrested he never would recover his property* Livingston agreed to th!->, and the man then turned and spoke to another man who was concealed behind the fence, and said, “You are not wanted to-night, sir.” On Monday night Mr. Livingston went to the place of meeting at the hour designated, and waited a longtime, but the stranger did not appear, lie feared a trick would bo played upon him, and prudently kept away. Mr. L. then started to return home: ho bad not gone far whon a man overtook him and told ulm to return In half an hour, and then disappeared. Mr. L. continued on his way, and In a short time another man overtook him and asked, "Are you coming back?” He replied, ” Yea, In half an hour. ,r Mr. L. proceeded on his rontc homeward, and a woman passed him in haste, nudging him with her elbow as sho hurried by. Ho followed tho woman, who, after pursuing a circuitous route without looking bacic or sayirg a word, at length halted In front of a lumber yard at the corner of Seventh and Cass avenue. Here sho wheeled around and demanded what he wanted. Ho replied, *• You know whntl want.” Tho woman turned to a shaded side of a hoard pile, where a man stood couccalcd, and sold to him: 11 Como hero.” Thu man camo forth, and tho woman- said, "Give me that watch.” Tho watch was handed to her, and she asked Livingston If that was his watch ’ y he told her It was. Bhc tben demanded the $76, which ho counted on! by the gas light, and placed in the woman's hands, and re ceived the watch and chain In return. The man then cautioned Mr. Livingston to go straight homo, or ho might got Into diill cully. Glad of tho recovery of his properly, ho was not loth to obey th-r Injunction, and went homo, somewhat agitate® at the nov elty of bb adventure. tiueb 1s the narrative of Mr. Livingston. The conduct of tho thieves may appear strange, bnt a cose nearly similar occurred several months ago, tho place ofmccting be tween tbe robber and the robbcd>beln< near the corner of Chestnut and Twelfth streets. A woman n)s» figured in that affair. Thieves say It Is an cosy matter to steal, bat a hard thing to conceal their booty. The* beat that could have been done with thla which was to pawn it for SSO; but since one or two of our “unclea” have been Indicted for receiv ing stolen property, the golden ball* frater nity have grown more circumspect, tud arc not so ready to make advances upn> sus picious looking collateral. DRESDEN. It* Treasure* of Art and Archtcolhvrr. [Decsden Correspondence oflte New York -Even- ingGaacite] Vlsitors-verr- naturally devote the larger fiortion of their lime hero to the picture jrtd erv* Yet others of the musonms In the city are scarcely less remarkable. The rooms io the palace wlilch aro known as the •* Green- Vaults” are most wonderful treasure houses,* One Is conducted through the elcht rooms la- 1 the course of atr hour aud a half at the long- • est, and ifhc can come oat with a dear Idea of all that he has si-en, he-has aicmarkablc memory. The mind is in danger of be coming completely confcaed in the vain attempt to retain nil that can here be seen. "Wc begin with a number of pieces of bronze statuary which arc alone worthy of a day’s study. The second room contains most exquisite pieces of carved ivory. In one case there are eald : to be one hundred and forty tiny figures, all cut in a single piece of ivory. t>Thcn follow most- elegant pieces of work with precious stones, particularly oruamen ted cups, vessels of crystal which Is so pure as to give one a ucw idea of the meaning of tho words “clear as crystal.” There are pearls In the greatest profusioo r and arranged (according to their irregular forms) Into all sorts of fantastic figures and miniature representations. Little gems of men are standing about In every position with their bodies, to a greater or less degree, formed from those irregularly shaped nre.-lous stones. It is diilicult to say whether one is most astonished at the pearls themselves oral the purposes which they are made to serve. There are further the royal adornments of the King of Poland, and among others a model of a most elaborate piece of work, which was first made in white bread. In tire last of three rooms Is Dinglinger’a Court of the Great Mogul. Tho base of the piece is of silver, which rises gradually toward a gold platform, upon which, uuder IPs splen did canopy, sits the East Indian potentate. The subject princes come to do homage, at tended by their various trains, and bringing their offerings aud tribute. There are be tween 120 and 140 figures In gold and enamel, and all in a space of about two square yards. Dlugliogcr Is said to have been-employed, wRh sixteen assistants, seven years in com pleting this piece. The rooms in which those treasures are kept arc anything but Inviting. Wo issue forth feeling as if we had come out ofa prison. One doesn’t wonder, however, after seeing this collection of costly curiosities, that they arc kept behind barred windows. Perhaps tho mnseum which presents the mest attractions after these two Is the His torical museum. The collection consist, in the main, of various suits of armor and the different classes of weapons wliieh>bavc been lu use, either in war or In the chose, during modern times. There arc. however, manv other objects of historical Interest which are here preserved. The first hall gives quite a miscellaneous collection, pictures of princes, paintings on glass, drinking vessels whoso size proves conclusively tho degeneracy of modern times Inlhu matter of drinking, even among the Germans, If, as tradition says, these immense glasses were t-» be emptied without taking breath. Tho ornamented cabinet which was used by Luther in the castle of Wartburg Is also preserved here. An interesting piece is a map of the world, made with inlaid work, which belongs to the vear A. D. 15r«8. North America is, accord lug to lids chart, considerably longer from oast to west than Ihc whole western conti nent from noith to south. Land occupies a huge portion of the space which belongs to tho Southern ocean. Vtc Imvo also In tills museum the coats of mall of the Saxon kings since the year ISOO. 1 hey me a most Interesting collection. The nrmop of a warrior in battle was said at the time of the earliest of these pieces to hare weighed between sixty snd seventy pounds, In tournament between el>rhlv nnil n hund red. The position of two knights fighting an ordeal Is given. Each one Is loaded with a weight of two hundred pounds of armor, so that 11 he Is thrown from his horse the weight of his mall Is sure to break his neck or choke him to death. The armor of the young princes Is also hero preserved. At seven years of ago these voting knights of ancient limes began to prepare themselves lor the stern duties of life hv dressing them selves In twenty pounds of iron mall. The co lection of weapons herein Immense, bwotds and spears, cross-bows, and (Ire-arm*) In every stage of Improvement can be seen In the greatest abundance. All the weapons of the tournament are Illustrated. There oro also many pieces of armor which arc of Interest as connected with some leading historical character. The helmet of August, the Strong, which weighed some thing over fourteen pounds. Is here preserved. The armor of (instants Adolphus, which ho had worn only a few days before the battle at Lntzm Is here. The tour of this collection closed with a few articles connected with personage® of still later times. Conspicuous among these relics are a nalr of court shoes, and a pwlr of boots, which belonged to the first Napoleon. His saddle Is also beside them. Tdo shoes begin to look a little ont of style. The boots are of the same cot as people wear la Ger many at the present time. Dresden, with Us magnificent collections end beautiful buildings,' Is the Investment which has been made of the wealth of the Saxon princesl The Saxon mines, have for the most pm, built the city and paid forthe assembling of the works of art. still, every one would say that It bos been a splendid In vestment. The city Is beautifully located In the midst of the valley of the Elbe, with the bills which mark the borders of the valley just far enough off to offer a most charming prospect. Art has done mach to make the town attractive. The public buildings arc generally handsome. Thousands of travel lers continually flocklnglnto this city frura all parts of the world are the evidence that the Saxon princes have not invested their eapltal In vain. Another Slimier at New Ulm, TOtnn. (From the Maetato (Mian.) Union, February 1.1 The public have hardly recovered from the shock occasioned by the New Ulm tragedy when it becomes necessary to unveil the par ticulars of another atrocious murder of the wife of Wilhelm Rnehl of Sigcl Town, Brown County, about six miles from New Ulm. About awcek since Mr. Rnehl came to Man kato to team, leaving his wife and three children at the farm, with a man by the name of Andreas Schmidt, a German be tween forty and fifty years old, to do the chores and other labor about the place. It is thought this man attempted improper liberties with Mrs. Rnehl, which were restat ed, and that whether accomplishing his pur pose or not, he put her out of the way, to prevent her reporting him.. The monster on Saturday night last, attacked her with a Urge howlc knife, while the was in the base ment kitchen, and after stabbing her in the chest until dead, he went above and asked the oldest boy, aladot eight years, where the money was, to which he replied that his father had It. He then took some clothing and started for New Ulm where he remained until Sunday evening when be started for Fort Ridgely. The same night, however; he was overtaken and placed in the New ulm jail. The family being several miles from any neighbor the murder was not discovered until Sunday evening. The children were still there, hat were suffering from cold and hanger, the youngest being bat a year old. A messenger started on-Monday to inform Mr. Rnehl of the calamity bat missed his way, and 'on Tuesday resuming his trip he met Mr. Rnehl and his brother-in-law about eight miles above Mankato on his way home, to whom the sad intelligf nee was conveyed. Mrs. Gertrude Rnehl was the daughter of Mr. Stephen Schwlckert who lives in this city nearly opposite the Catholic church. Suicide of an Illinois Soldier. [From theßelvldere Northwestern, February I.J .Mr. Geo. W. Barnes, of Bonus Prairie, in this county, committed suicide on the after noon of the 24th nit. at the homo of his mother (who has lately been left a widow.) by shooting himself through ttm head with a revolver. It appeared in evidence at tne Coroner's inquest, that Barnes bid recently been la the habit of drinking to excess, and had on one or two occasions stited to ac qnalrtanccs his determination to make away with .himself. The resolution to commit that terrible crime —self-murder—bad un doubtedly been for some time gaining pos session of his mind. He did not, however, appear melancholy, or depressed on Thurs day, hot had daring the forenoon seemed (a good spirits. He was in the pantry at the lime of commuting the act who was in another part Jf Mother hearing the report o?the pijtel t'™-'. w the spot and found him welt,lt harri «4 b blood. She immediately summonSh 6 U hu Ctt neighbor, living a few rods di*u V* 9ir * lift was extinct when assistant ar,t * b I The hall had entered his foiJfcjJ a Ip T *l. cd entirely through his head Vl J ~< s almost Instant death. B rnn»' J? r ° d ocl n » 22 years o-age, unmarried, and HOBTHWEaims uias Tic Illinois Rlver~Packet rnoktae arrangement for a brisk"£?,?“* Is opening of navigation. Tlu-V i. ‘lke drst-ciasß boats lor the trade. “ ,c s "ba A citizen of Montgomcrv r n „„. •WBB married tho other day Zr thr S*/i‘ InJ -. I a haa lost two wlrea d ei u? ,LI ‘“»•- elopement, and two by b, thinks matrimony a good in!tw,.- ,; 'U the fellow who was so ptoMy S "’»■ like he joined the church four or if T ! H The Cleveland Herald gives th« details of a family of seven hih ° wln ? •• The first seven of the MclLlb : aggrtgalo height of fortr-thrV.' Inches being eight Inches 1,.,,;, ; *'! seven torty men or Olrcrlin, or an .V,, “ ll < an inch and a seventh. Th.«ir. weight Is 1,400 pounds, showfn nFS* arc men at substance ns well », 7,r T, i. lht J piratlons. A hoy of slslce" “ , .«■ yonrg and too small to l, c coun.ci S, brethren, measures sir lect and Lslr . . Ml and weighs IBS lbs. The seven li?k him now, hut huve hopes that wheni "*> to his growth he will mil dl-gts™ 1 f' Captain B. Dnelm, masts, Jr ihl L ! “■ City of lolcdo, Ihs commenced nro« t^ l l , i ier against Captain 8. F. Alwow \, Ciu . IB cult Court, at Detroit, hrj'i" tlon, laying hi* Untuagcrt ut s*. ujo ' j ei'u was tried on Monday, but a not reached. U ' l 8 **» The Manitowoc Wls.) TeMv an interesting review of the ahlt-.1.i, Hint piece, ‘n.o Drst ves«"i, „, , 1 1 built in I*l7, the next one m i-;., T- * u there have been ua selumiiers y u £ steamers, 1 propeller, tnd I tug *l*-isV: agareguto tonnage, ami i„ la V *, ~rt A son of Anion a fimnrf I miles north of Lclmuoii, Mlnols.wM.isa'u the woods, by acolortd man by iu- S bam. Fergus, IchnmryS. The lull P ,, V; tb« thigh, shsUcnd the huou anJ .ui loßoraftrltry. The boy bled to dratt i e ! fore help reached the sj.-.t. There wer-1.« of Schroeocr’B boys together; ib 1,1 cought two rabbits, wheu Fergus 't* cdaudr&otooe of them, wUn.mt u J,t* rel before hU shooilng. Borne of ihc bcrlo© farmers went Inclined to r-nuM,' Tb! death on tlic spot, when tbe kdlfd father Interfered, and banded tLe caiuiid man over to the macisiraie. On Monday last, a Mr. Roach, ru'dV about ona-half mile northwest ori-rr.lu 111., was killed almost lustantlv l< v - 0 l on the lee. He started tnmi the burn, and when about half wav i>.> slipped Mid he fell, striking w>. Icntly on lb; Ice. He wa» quite an «>l i run and the tall resulted in almost \nvti death. The Sycamore (Til.) JiqiubUcan ears Mr. Henry Wood, of Sycamore, recemS roij thirteen head' of threc-ycar-oiil cattle fi r SI,OOO. Forty calves were sold hit it. in tho same vicinity for sls each. prices are in marked contract with tlm* of eight years ago, when tat f.mr-year-dd cat tle were often sold at from sls to $M feTlie hom-cot William Morgan, rf Drake vllle, lowa, waa consumed by tire, Fc .ruarr 4. burring Mr. and Mrs. Mors-in to death’ ; The family were nt one time :«ll nut, i,m ; Mrs. Morgan run up stairs fur the purpiae of 'rescuing, It is supposed, some cloiLim;, and ;did not return, whcii Ulr. hm-band followed to her rescue, and both perished in the Sanies. ■ The distillery of Jacobson A Turner, a: Fort Atkinson t ’was sold out on the 31st ul;i mo, by the L’mlcd States Revenue ullieer, :lr a violation of the laws. It brought, with :ha liquors also seized, SI,SIC.*X. Last spring the officers mulcted this firm In the sum of $2;152. and there is now standing again.*, some parties, $1.552.r4. The t-stablis-lniuD*. sold out Is to be used for a tannery. The txcitement, which has been great in Kansas for the past year on the subject ot Spanish fever in cattle, has culminated in the passage ofa stringent law absolutely forbid, mm: any cattle (root the country south of Kansas to he diiven through the State be tween March ISth aud December Ut. except i) the extreme west part. It gives Justices of the Peace exclusive Jurisdiction over the subject without appeal. Imprisons the par ies driving them, and provides for driving the cattle back over the same- route they were driven in. It is estimated that cattle to the value of $20,000 died in tho Slate last year from this disease. It is also- estimated that Kansas received last year for cattle sold and driven out of the State $7,500,000. NEW ENGLAND HEMS. The State Commissioners on the Itoosar tunnel have advertised for proposals tur continuing tho work at both the eastern and western approaches, ana in sinking the cen tral shaft, which has yet to go nearly iXW leet deeper before the grade will be rcachrJ, 1.030 feet below the surface. The House of Representatives of Rhode Isl and, has passed unanimously u MU wt-joh punishes murder in procuring ahortio i h/ twenty years’ imprisonment, ami the j itl-.’i cation of pamphlets oradverllsemeuts g.riag it formation where its commission may ba sought, by three years’ imprisonment. Mrs. Julia Ward Howe’s connection with the Boston Sorihem Lights will terminate shortly, and then farewell aurora bon-iIM A man In Gloucester, Massaclm-mUs. had hiccough for twelve days and then died. A lire broke out about midnight on Mon day night last in Joseph Harris A Sob’s s-hoe manufactory, in Marblehead, Moss., which spread to the Baptist Church, the house and burn of Mr. I. If, Brown, aud tho dwclling houec of Mr. Joseph Harris, entirely destroy, lug them. Several other buildiugs were slightly damaged. The loss of Messrs. Har ris, It Is estimated. Is over $100,030, with in surauec for s<‘>s,ooo. The church w»s valued at $15,000 and insured forso,ooo* Mr. Drown will lose over $5,000, probably, wi’h Insur ance fur $2,000. About six hundred men are thrown out of employment by the burn ing of the manufactory. By returns made to Um State Department ol Massachusetts, it appears that during the year 1830 one hundred and three corpora tions were organized within tho Common wealth under the General Statutes, and. with those previously fotmed, represent the amount of paid capital as slo4.otw,i>il.l'.k Some of the titles of tho companies Indies?* tho extent of the peculiar bm-imas in which capital Is largely Invested. 'Micro is hr American Rubber Heel Stiffening Company, a Boston Car Company, the Easy Paper Col lar and Cuff Manufacturing Company, the New England Antl-lncrustution (.Vmpiuiv. There have bem three peat compani*'.* organ* Izid. uml n fulling otT of mining companies compared with previous years. Attempted murder at Lafayette, III* I From the Stark Connty News, KrUrurv M >' hen our paper was in press, nn WeJtn’s day morning of last week, wo learned Urn particulars of a most villainous atro-Ity which hud been committed on the previous night, near Lafayette, in ihU county. Mr, U. 11. Sbulzc Is a man nearly seventy years of ago, living In a kind of secluded place o(T the main road, west of Lofavlt**- His family consists of his wife, who l> very old and nearly helpless, and a icraml-thingli* ter some twelve years old. They were all nt home on Tuesday evening last,when twomeu camu to the houao aboutstx o’clock, o-t-n-!- bly to waim themselves and Inquire the road to Lafayette. After sitting some minutes, they got up ami went out, as if to Icve.ilwn returned, and as they came in, knocked me *|*dy *md little girl down, and rushing at Mr. Shulze, *hot him four times, each shot tok r-g o licet, though but slightly. In the back part of the neck and back of the bead. In the meantime Mr. Shake seized his shot gun, and in the scufllo fired backwards over bis shoulder, at the villains, who bad »y this lime grappled with him, evidently t>» use some other weapons, since their tin* arms had failed. At this, however, the ruffian® * * .Although four shota had been fired, all of which bit Mr. Sbalze on or near the head, no fatal nor very serious wound was in flicted. While this was transpiring the little girl mentioned above, exhibited a degree of co 1- ness and presence of mind, most remarkable in a child. She literally drew her grand mother into the bed room and locked the door, then raided the window and got her out, In some way—neither party seems to know precisely how—and away some little distance from the house, where she nearly buried her in the snow and then ran for help. The old lody remonstrated all the time ogalnst leaving the house, but the girl would not listen to her. She Is now, we are told, quite sick, as the result of her exposure and excitement. One of the parties is supposed to be a roan well known In the neighborhood as “ Scotch Andrews.” At any rate. Tie has been missing since, and we believe is known by the family to have been one of Ibe rnißans. Doubtless the plan was to assassinate the whole family. Vigorous pursuit bas been made, and it Is to be hoped the earth will have no hiding place for such cowardly Tillains. Tbe Ice-Miove aisn Canada. fFrom tbe Montreal Witness, February 3.] We have been favored with the following extract Irom a private letter, dated St. Re gis, C. E.. 2Sth January, ISC7; I suppose you have heard of the dreadful icc shove In tbe St. Regis. Our house had a very narrow escape of being knocked down with others. I was awakened about balf past four on Friday morning by some one pounding at the custom-house office door, calling, 4 * The ice come I the ice come!” I jumped out of bed, and ran down stans, not thinking of danger, when I found mvself in water, which was coming over the door sill. 44 The noise of the crushing Ice like thun der, and the rushing of water, screams of the poor Indians, men, women, and children, and all this in the dark, were frightful. *" l4 The Ice came within a few feet of our house, and as it stands on tbe highest ground In the village, yon can immagine the posi tion of mailers. It was a fearful scene! 44 Mr. Combs got np into a tree, and had to sit there for three hours, the ice being op to tbe roof of bis house The priest and many others bad nothing to eat for a day. ‘•The poor Indians, wretched at most times, have lost their all, and are lying on straw without any covering. A conflagration in summer vou have experienced, bat tbe misery of a flood in midwinter yon must.see to realize. .. 44 Cannot your wealthy city do something for the poor Indians!” Tbe New Frc&eb ministry. All the Ministers placed their resignation in the hands of tbe Emperor on the same day that the decree was promulgated. M. Rouhcr retains bis functions as Mlnis •ter of State, and Is, moreover, npi£t«“« a Minister of Finance In place of M. * onto* whose resignation is accepted. ~ l .* . Kiel is appointed Minister of War. Admiral Riganld de Gcnonllly Is named Minister ot Marine, and M. de Forcade la Roouettc MinUler of Agriculture. Commerce and l ao lie Works. M. Bchic, »ho belli the latter poet. Las been mode j'L‘iiati)rami('rr Cross of Ibe L-clott of Ilpnur. Tba bus not accepted tbe rcslensUon of the Mlu Istcra ol Slate, Justice, tbe bold. I’nbllelnstruction. Interloi-nrForcUm Affairs, nor that ol tbe tbo Cottucll of State: and tbeso Mb Islors, therefore, retain their respectlTe poitfoltos.