Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, February 10, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated February 10, 1867 Page 2
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€l)icagd tebtmc. DAILY, TEI-TY EKELY AND WEEKLY. OF F ICE, Ha. 91 CLARK.9T. lUer« are tcree editions or me Tksot* usaed. Ist. t«t n»mae,ft>rcircni*t»o6jbr csrtmn. newsmen aaetaemsUs. w. Tt* Tai-Waror, MomUfi, Wed. ceKisr* and Fndaja. for tn« tesoa only; sad tae WsnxT, on ThurYdij - *, tot tbe msUs sad sale at our coaster and bf newioea. - Terms *f the Chtcace Tribaaet pailT debrered mme *tty teer weeo g Xa - « - *• (per assrtot)..., S,xs DelTt, lomaltsatacrfbets (pet aatam, paya. o*6lo advance) 14.00 Trl-WeeKly. (per astmr, parable to adraare) tt.oo Weekly, (per annum. oaTto e to advance) 4.00 MW~ Fracttonat part* ol U» year at tte same rate*. tWT Ptr»oa* teaitnut ana onaenor ore or [tore copies of either Cm Tn-Weekiy Or Weekly ■ editions, nay retain tea pc cent or the eabaalptice price'as S' commlwtoa. hone* to Kcgscnnirra, —a oraensgthe address ot ■ yoar papers chanced, to prevent delay, be sen and treaty wtatedWon yon take—V» eekly, Trt-W«k2y. or rally. AUo. ctveyoarpattEXtaadttitme address tT" Money, by Draft. Krpres*.' Money omen, ortn HecisterrdLeaera.marbajcatatonrrlik. Addrrea. TRIBUTE COm Chicago, 111,. SUUDAT, FEBRDART'IO, 18«7. SCTFBACE AND AMNESTY, On Friday last the latest of Mr. Stereos* nnwUc and impracticable schemes of govern ment tor tbe rebel States was defeated by an overwhelming majority in the House. Jt is but just to say that, of those who voted for the measure, a Urge number dld so upon the assumption that it was to be followed by other legislation having some practical and decent purpose. The speech of Mr. Banks was well timed, and bis rebake of Stevens was well deserved, and the action of the House was, we hope, an evidence that that body la willing and determined to take prompt action upon any definite and well matured scheme for the immediate and tho rough reconstruction of the rebel States upon tbe basis of an extension of the suffrage to the freedmen. The country has seen the proposition made by Mr. Dixon, in behalf of the Johnson party, for an amendment to. the Constitution, and it is again given out that within a few days the President is to make to Congress the dis tinct proposition of adjusting all difficulties upon the basia of universal suffrage and general amnesty. The people of the North demand ior their protection, and in tbo name of justice, • that lu any political reorganization of tbe rebel States, the suffrage shall be universal. With that substantial -end attained, and attained through the voluntary action of those seek ing the amnesty, that amnesty would not be long withheld.' Bat, while men should be Just before being generous, those seeking the clemency and the forgiveness of others should give some evidence of their being just to those under their feet. The rebels have, by their treason, forfeited all rights save those that may be conceded to them by their conquerors. They seek a restoration of those rights; they ask tor a remission of all the pains, and penalties dne to tbolr crimes; they ask to be made equal before the law with tbe citizens of the Unian. But these requests cannot be listened to while they insist that one-half tbe population of their States shall be deprived of the civil and political rights which they ask for them selves. Let these suppliants for national mercy be just to their own people, who have nut been stained with crime, and then tbe American people, always alive to gen erous and kindly impulses will, in due time grant that amnesty which they now refuse. In pardoning treason and rebellion, they have no purpose of making those crimes respectable nor will they make any bargain which shall contain tbe admission that suffrage Is a favor be granted by the South, in exchange for amnesty. Suffrage Is a right. If It be not a right, it Is lime it were made so. Amnesty is a favor. That is tbe difference between the two things. Yet there can be no doubt that the favor would follow very closely io the wake of the right, If the latter were con ceded. The people of the Northern States are themselves deiclict In one particular, and by their omission to do justice, they give a pretext to the rebels for its denial on their part. The people of the Northern States are unmistakably in favor of Impartial suf frage as a fundamental condition of any sys tem of reconstruction. Yet, with the excep tion of three or lour States, the negro is ex cluded from tbe polls, and in the States ex cepted, their admission to the suffrage is not new, but existed before.the war. Any system of suffrage, forming a part of reconstruction should, fer appearance sake, if nothing else, be uniform in all the States. It must be the same in Ohio, that It is in Kentucky, and tbe same in Illinois, that It Is in South Carolina. The unanimity at the North m fhvor of im partial suffrage would be more consistent,and be more impressive, and would carry with It a greater weight, If it were applied atbomc. Tbe Cincinnati a journal of consetvutive tendencies, discusslngthe non aclioa of the Ohio Legislature upon this subject,.uses lazuuiatfq tu <Aucf States as to Ohio. It flays ; ••The Llble makes record of an Individual who pul off becoming a Christian lid a more co venant *«a£»n. We p aspect he remained a tinner the remainder of hie days, lie never fonad the lime rhat was convenient. What were the per sonal aid eternal c'nseqnercea we leave to tbe clergy, whoarevc.-sedin cath matters, to decide. • •••••« “We will co on prating about tbe crest principle of ure Declaration of Independence, throw up onr hats and hnrrah when toe people of any other State have tbe moral courage to-meet the qnestion of saSSrsge squarely, and wipe oat of thtir constitutions an «Jd distinction, begotten of mean prejudices and cursed aud protected by low interiigei.ee. It Is a “big dung” that lax purist frnQrace has been foicedlolo the District of Columbia by tr.e presfurc ot Republican votes In Congress ; bar Loro defend us, misera ble flur.crr, from allowing (be people of Ohio to ssy whether wha: Is square and right la the Dis trict of Columbia is also square and right In the fitete of Ohio. “ ihe parly la commit! od to negro suffrage by the vote of Us repmentauves in Congress, and so eager are they to thrust It upon the Southern Metes, that they are almost ready to concent to a violation of an express provision of the. Con stitution, which leaves the qualification of voters to be regulated by the States themselves, in or der to accomplish it; and were they to go Io that extreme we dresume nobody would sing T" Drumt y or make a mure brilliant display of all that is choice is tbe rhetoric of the progres sives, than these same gentlemen whose moral cowardice alone prevents the submission of a proposition to make suffrage universal hi the Male of Ohio. “Ifa period of rest from political worry and Et: Ife could be purchased by ike concession of tbe ballot to the few negroes and mnlattoes In tbe blare cfOiilo, there 1* hardly a sans man In the Mate of Ohio who would not vole for It. Demo crats as well a* Republicans are lonaented by the }>erp«.tcal wrangle kept up over tae negro. Lei b:m sore, ano bedxne with it; It isoaiyiT en b-rit-njari of rigbls after all; a raising up of the foundation that puU the wh.deedifice on a higher plate. Wc tell these limM gentlemen, who can not find a convenient season la which todeter nrice the question, that they mast look sharp, ot the Democracy, who are casting about for some measure to recommend them to popular favor, w iii Sank theta, and by their coneplcnons advora cr of tte extension of suffrage to the blacks, so commend themselves to the negroes that when they do get an opportunity to vote they will vote the Democratic ticket with as steady uniformity as tbe natisc regulars or the Irish volaa*eer*.” Let Congress during the next week mature a plan for the reorganization of tho Rebel Male?, making universal suffrage the basis of all Government, picsenl and future, tem porary and permanent. Let tbe Legislatures of every Northern State submit to the people thereof the proposition to abolish a discrim ination which never had any Jast crease. Tlu n, whenever the rebels shall yield to this united demand, and determined enforce im-t.t cf justice to tho loyal freemen of the S“iith. then, and not until then will a general amnesty meet with favor. An amnestv, however, when granted, will be granted free ly and without price; It. never should, and we hope never will be made part of any bar gain and rale, whether by those granting It or these to whom it 1$ granted. Tift. StWABD AND fil 8. file- CXSACKEN. The letter of McCracken, upon which Mr. Scwaid addressed an insulting note to Mr. Motley, is at last made public. How any person could be deceived by such a letter is not easily understood. That it is the delib crate act of on impostor is evident from a perusal of the letter. Mr. Seward famishes a copy of the letter to the Senate, without any statement astotheknowiedge posse-sed by his department. If any, u to the charac ter or residence of the writer. McCracken says he Is a New Yorker, and thcrcall trace of him is lost. He sends the letter by the hand of a trusty friend. WboisthUlriend? Who is McCracken? The Secretary cither has no information upon cither point, or has with held it. Tbe character, antecedents and respectability of McCracken are essen tial parts of tbe history of the transaction lie arraigns the diplomatic and consular body by name for offences that are unbecom ing gentlemen. He charges one with drunk cncess, and others with offences against breeding no less serious. He arraigns them all as living insults to their country, and as degrading it in the estimation of foreign Governments and people. Who is he that makes these charges, upon which tbe Secre tary of State promptly addressed his Insult ing Inquiries to Minister Motley ? Wc sup pose that the Secretary has taken similar action in the cases of all the other parties accused In McCracken’s letter. The serious ness of the charge makes the identity and responsibility of the accuser an essential part ofthe case. Bat who Is McCracken? Upon this point the Secretary is obstinately silent. Allthc facts of which wc have any evidence are that a letter was received fromMcCracken, who states that be is a New Yorker; that this letter assails the personal, and official, and political standing and integrity of nearly all the diplomatic and consular staff of the Government; and that upon this letter the Secretary of State addressed a note so offen lire to Ur; Motley that he was compelled 7 to resign hla office. Whether he has demanded explanations of the others will be disclosed In time. On this state of facts the public must ar rirc at the conclusion that the Secretary of State has information ns to the character and standing of his correspondent; Mc- Cracken, which ho has not made public or that, acting, upon the ridiculous allega tions °f an unknown.or mythical creature, he. has dcUbcrately Insulted a gentleman and a scholar, and one who has honorably and creditably represented' his Government and; countrymen abroad,'to an extent rarely equalled, and never surpassed by any one.. If this last conclusion be the true one—and the weight of the testimony Inclines to Its support—then the Secretary of' State Is - evidently hastening to that condi tion described In the expression attributed by McCracken to "Mr. Motley—“hopelessly degraded.’* In the meantime, at home and abroad, the inquiry will be repeated— “ Who la McCracken ?” TUB WABEBOUSG DILL. Onr flreVlmpression of the Warehouse BUI, aa it passed the Senate, was, that the six teenth section, or Fort’s amendment, which was stricken ont, was of such Importance to tbe efficiency of the measure, that the House ought to insert it. Bat an examination of the entire bill, as it comes from the Senate, has so far modified our first Impressions that we think the House should not imperil Its success byundertakingtoamendit. There are grave objections to granting to a warehouse man the right to condemn private property for hla railroad track. It would hardly be good policy to give Mr. Hiram Wheeler, for instance, the right to build a warehouse near tbe Chamber of Commerce, and to rnn his railroad track through that edifice to reach the Illinois Central Railroad. The bill is a very good one. It is a great. improvement on the present system, and cannot tail, if carried out, as it undoubtedly will be, to break up the worst of existing evils and abases. As wchavo repeatedly said, the first great end to be sought in legislation ion this sub ject, was to break up the monopoly, and open the warehouse business to competition. Any measure which should fall in this would not'go to the root of the matter. We think the bill as it stands will accomplish this. It makes it unlawful for any railroad to de liver grain at any other warehouse than that to which it is consigned, without the assent of tbe shipper or consignee. This, of course, will leave the shipper as free to select hla warehouse as he is to select his consignee; and as all tbe grain warehouses have tracks connecting with tbe railways, the bill will to all existing warehouses the right to compete in the business of stor ing grain; and the Common Council of Chi cago is authorized to grant to any ware houseman the right to lay a track in the streets or alleys to connect his warehouse with tbe railroads, and to authorize the rail roads to use such tracks. Wo think there can be no doubt of tbe legality of these pro visions of the bill. We are of the opinion that the common law would compel tho rail roads to deliver grain at the warehouse to which it is consigned, nrovlded a track were furnished to the road for that purpose. If the common law requires this, there can certainly be no question of the power of the Legislature to require it. Bnt even if is docs cot, we regard the authority of the Legisla ture to do so as hardly admitting of doubt. It is simply a regulation, and does not go to the destruction of any vested right. It can work no Injury to the legitimate business of the railroad corporations, and If they resist it, it will be because they wish to carry on an illegitimate and dishonest business, not for the benefit of the .stockholders, bnt for the aggrandizement of the managers and agents. No reason able excuse can bo given for not promptly complying with such a requirement, and in case of refusal tbe matter can soon be brought to the test in tbe Coarts. In snch an event, we think It will be found that the Legislature has as much right to establish snch a regulation as it has to require the blowing of a whistle or the ringing of a bell at crossings, or to compel railroads to move tbeir cars by horses Instead of steam through tbe populous portion of a city, as is done in the case of the Hudson River Rail road In New York, whose cars are dra *rn by horses from the Chambers Street Depot to tbe Thirty-first Street Depot, near two miles, where His first permitted to use steam. There are other highly important provis ions in tbe bill, which will go far to remove the existing evils that call so loudly for re form. One of the most important of these Is foond.ln the ninth section, which says that “all persons keeping public warehouses in the city ot Chicago shall file with the Board of Trade of said city, on Tuesday of each week, a statement showing the amount of each kind cf grain in store in such ware houses, up to the Saturday night preceding snch statement, which shall be sworn to by the persons keeping snch warehouses, or by their agents,” etc. Ibis will put an cod to .I La ,kl— w - >i- . ■ M-aAO-ualj to knaves, and will compel the warehouse men to do what every honest one ought to be willing to do, namely, to make such an ex hibit of their transactions as Is required by the interests of their customers aud of the public. Ai.other important provision is directed acainet gambling contracts, which are de clared to be null and void. Of course, no legislative enactment can Mop gambling in wheat more than It can In money; bat th>* provision that money paid on gambling con tracts may be recovered back by an action at law, cannot fall to exercise a wholesome restraint on these improper transactions. In fact, we think that this bill, it enacted and enforced, will put a slop to so much “ scalping,” “ cornering,” gambling and stealing, and worx such a change for the better that In less than a year the Chicago grain market will hardly know Itself. Complete protection Is afforded against snch tricks as that perpetrated in 1805, and exposed by Mr. Eastman la his late speech. It Is provided that In all places where the storage capacity of the town or city exceeds a million bushels, all public warehouse-men shall pub’lsh in a newspaper, In January of each year, the rates to be charged for the correct year, and these rates cannot be changed daring the year. On the whole, therefore, we think the Sen ate bill Is very satisfactory, andthatit w.mld be wise for the House to concur in it precise ly as it comes before tbera, so that it wilt bj unnecessary to send It back to a place where it had such a narrow escape. It is a great triumph ofthe people over the monopolists, and will entitle its supporters to the grati tude of their constituents. Tnc measure re lates to a business most intimately connected with the genera) and personal Interests of the people of Illinois and of the entire North west. The groin business of the Northwest is equal to all its other baslnct-spltis tbe very foundation of the unparalleled growth of this vast section ofcountry—the base ou which rests the whole fabric of our prosper ity and wealth. It was the astonishing growth of the grain-growing aud shipping business of tbe Northwest that led to the discovery that grain conld be shipped In bulk. This system of shipment was Invent ed here, and was not adopted in New York until many years after It had been in success ful operation In Chicago. Its advantages arc very great. It takes the gram from the conn try warehouse in which the producer ha* stored It and transports It in bulk io the ut termost limits of the highways of commerce, Uy land and sea, without bagging or lifting on men’s shoulders. It is impossible to esti mate, almost to Imagine, tho proportion* this business will attain In tbe future. Its present importance Is snch that tbe LcgUla mre sbonld not touch the subject without proper deliberation ; and, on a full view of the matter, we are satisfied that the pro posed measure docs great credit to the firm- ness and discretion of Its authors and sup eriors. TBE GOOD TUBE COSUNG. The Associated Press report from Washing ton brings the cheerful and gratifying intel ligence that the Committee of Ways and Means are compelled to abandon tbe idea ol making any considerable reduction of inter ual taxation, os it is believed by them that tbe revenue receipts will greatly fall off, owing to the stagnation of business. This Is a most extraordinary announce ment. Why sbonld there be a stagnation of business anticipated when tbe country is about to enter upon and enjoy tbe blessings of a seventy per cent tariff, and cnrrency con traction, both at tbe same time. Dnriog tbe fiscal year 1800' the revenue of tbe Gov ernment exceeded Us expenditure by up wards of two hundred millions of dollars, and tbe national debt was declared to bo re duced by that amount. Then McColloch, under tbe authority of Congress, began con tracting the currency of tbe country, by burning up four millions a month of green backs, and Congress increased the external taxes from six to ten per cent, for the benefit of speculators and sharpers. Only seven months have passed, and behold the fruits» Tbe business of the country has already be come so “ stagnant ” that the public reve nnca have fallen off to a degree that renders a material reduction of the heavy burden of internal taxation inexpedient, we are In formed. The people were looking forward confidently for an abatement at least of an hundred and fifty millions of taxation; but tbe Committee of Ways and Means lolorm the pre*s that twenty-four millions of taxes are the extent of the redaction, that can be allowed! Tbe new Tariff BUI which the Committee of Ways and Means are concoct- Ingwilldrynp fifty to seventy millions of external and internal revenue, and the chok !ng, squeezing, contraction policy of McCnl loch\ndorsed by tbe same committee, will destroy fifty to seventy millions more reve nue. .Consequently, few or no taxes can be reduced or repealed. This Is what we all suffer from allowing a financial quack to ex periment on the currency, and lobby specu lators and eh&rpers to dictate a system of external taxation for tbo country. TARIFF OX ICE. It Is an old standing witticism of the oppo ncnls of a high tariff that, under the financial system invented by Mr. Morrill In 1861, we should ultimately get prices in this country so high that there would bo oqly three things that we could produce In competition with, foreign nations, vis: Ice, granite, and cord wood. It appears that wo have already passed that point. The Massachusetts pa pers are calling for a tariff on ice. Wo copy the following from the Boston Journal: “Pnononow roßics. ItTnllstrikedlsiaotread ers as lather odd that Hew England should ask protection for Its Ice Interest*, for them Is a gen eral impression that if any one article whfh we can prodace dearer, stronger and more beantiful to the eye and taste than any other portion of (he globe. It la Ice. Bnt oar dealers In ice sec danger i the new tarlffbUl. which proposes to admit tco tram the British Provinces free, and therefore they ask our Legislature to anvgeat' to Congrats that ice must be protected. They elate that the first cam ot ice ever exported as mer chandise was shipped from Charlestown by Fred enc Tudor, Erq., in the mouth of February, 1605. Tbit daring tno past year, ice, Inclndlmr weight, totheamonntora million of dollars, has bees shipped from Boeton, and that as labor, which Is the chief coat. Is double what it Is In the Provinces, and owing to heavy taxes, an advantage la given to onr neighbors, ibis industry most hare protec tion ortbe Bluenoses will monopolise the business of supplying Southern States and leave onr ice merchants out in the cold. The committee are of the opinion that the imposition of a small duty would not afiect the price to consumers In JitiM eMuutft, as no Ice la now or can profitably be im ported.” Of course Senator Sherman will be pre pared to prove that a tariff on ice Is a reve nue measure, and Senator Tates will prove that taxing our ice will add to tho wealth ol the country, and tho Hon. William D. Kel- Icy will prove that tbe more our Ice costs the more our farmers will get for their grain. It will then only bo necessary for the Hon. Horace Greeley to prove that by keeping ont foreign Ice, and smashing the machines by which they make ice at New Orleans,, there will be a greater demand for labor and higher wages for tho workingman. By all means let ns have a tariff on ice. TBE SOLDIKItF UOCTIE We have previously presented in detail the claims of the Soldiers’ Home for an appro priation from the State to be devoted to its support. Tho Board of Managers originally asked for an appropriation of $12,000 annu ally for four years, and pressed their claims upon tho Legislature, showing by facts and figures what tho • institution bad accom plished in relieving the wants of that most deserving class of the community, onr wounded and permanently disabled soldiers; and also showing the impossibility of pro ceeding further upon tbe precarious assist ance of voluntary contributions. The bill for relief of tbe Home has passed the Senate without any diminution of tbe sum named, but limiting tho time to two years ; while in the House the bill is yet In the hands of the Finance Committee. The gentlemen composing this committee most perceive that this bill is one of nnnsoal importance, and that it concerns the welfare of those who have a right to appeal for aid, and whose appeal should always take pre cedence In the routine of business, it is a patriotic doty which the committee should discharge promptly by reporting the bill to the House and securing its early passage. There remain but a few more working days In the session, and the committee should he careful not to let the bill suffer by delay or inattention. No worthier claim ever came before the Legislature. The management of the Home is all that could be desired. Its officers are among the most philanthropic ladies and gentlemen of the city, and they ask only for a earn sufficient to meet current expenses,without which the interests of those receiving its benefits must suffer. As the re ceivers ~.re disabled soldiers from all parts of Hie Slate, the bill is not of a local character. Wc he pc that neither the committee nor the House will endanger their interests by need less delay. THE TAX ON AuVkUTISBIQBNTS, Tbe Western Press Association, daring Us meeting in this city last December, passed tbe following resolution, after discussion, by a unanimous vote: Wnzaza?, Congress, at its last session,- re pealed the internal tax on the maautsctuioof print paper, on types, on In’* and on Job work, to the relief and benefit of those branches oi Indus try; but torsom* reason unknown, neglected to remove the (sz on advertisements, when there «a* no rcveiiae necessity for retaining the same: theieforc— £ttolvtd % By iho Western Press Association, That 'he mcmlier* ot Congress are hereby me morialized io repeal, durirg their pre-eci session, said onerous and unnecessary excise on advertise- Useoiente. and thereby place tbe publisher* of the daily press ol the United Srat-a on an equal tout nig ns respect* taxation, with job printer*, type, mu and paper makers. Tbis resolution was adopted by the pub lishers of an association which includes every daily paper in the Western States. Bat we fear their petition has not been brought be-' fore tbe members ol Congress with sufficient prominence to arrest attention or to secure the repeal of the tax on ‘advertisements. •We therefore suggest to our brethren of the press that they give ike resolution an inser tion in their respective papers, and that cacn puvrancrat once write a letter to his representative soliciting his influence and vote in having this burdensome. Invidious nnd inquisitorial Imposition abolished. The revenue derived therefrom can be spared. No financial necessity requires Us conibtu unce, while Its removal will prove a very considerable relief to tbe press of the United States. Wo also call the attention of oar Eastern exchanges to this subject, and invoke their aid and influence with the members of Congress from their portion ofthe Union. t3T Who would have supposed, two years ago, that tbe rebel Governors of rebel states would so soon be compelled by the power of this principle to recommend even qualified nvero suffrage to their citizens ? or that the Chicago Timet would become a champion of the cause ?—or that the Legis lature of Tennessee, with the approval of the Governor, would adopt it as the law ofthe laud ? And who thought, while the Presl-. dent was swinging tbe circle last fall, breath ing destruction against nil who opposed bis policy, that within so short a time he would abandon that policy and bow down before tbe great principle of univer sal suffrage ?—or that Dixon would propose the ballot for the negro, with the approval of Doolittle and the other poppets of the Executive, who told ns so recently that an extension of the suffrage would lead to a war of races? Yet all these things have come to pass. The cloud that was no bigger than a mao’s band has overshadowed the land, portending the swift destruction of all who oppose iho cause of equal rights. Universal suffrage Is as certain to be established, as slavery was to be abolished, by the rebellion. Tho poli tician* see it, and arc coming in out of the shower. The entire Republican party ofthe North, with a majority of near half a mil lion votes, is now virtually a unit in favor of this great principle of justice and policy. It has received the full aud unquall lied approval of the loyal white men of the Southern Slates. It is to be put into practi cal operation in the District of Columbia nnd in Tennessee. The Chicago Timet comes forward! a striking witness of its redeeming power. Tbe Democratic party of Nebraska supports it through it* representatives in the Legislature. A divided Copperhead party shows that this principle Is potent to cleave in twain an organization that was undaunted In Its Infamy through four years of rebellion. And now An drew Johnson, followed by bis pliant Cabinet, by Dixon, and Doolittle, and fNorton, and, we suppose, by Reverdy Johnson, and Patterson, and all bis friends in both houses of Congress, and by Orr, of South Carolina, and a long array of rccon stiucted Governors and dignitaries, repre senting the cavaliers and the chivalry of Dixie—we say, followed by all these, the hnmblc Individual himself comes forth to stand as a witness to the power of Universal Suffrage. History famishes no example of such a change In public sentiment, on a great moral and political question. As' If moved by a common Impulse, beyond Its own control, the nation rises up to do justice to tbe black man, and to build the foundations of the Union on tbe basts of equal rights. Congress alone stands back. That body whom tbe people trusted and upheld so unanimously; that body whose promises were so fair and frill of hope, -pauses and dodges. In answer to the demands of the nation to give us reconstruction on the basis of. either impartial or universal suffrage. It brings forward a pltifnl proposition to remand the South to a mili tary rule, hampered and perplexed by the Illegal Governments which Andrew Johnson established, and which Congress should have torn down as its first pledge of fidelity to the people. Let tho people once understand, or even suspect, that Congress Is lagging in the ‘rear of Andrew Johnson and his party In the fur therance of correct principles of recon struction, and the punishment visited upon them will be no leas signal and decisive than that which fell upon Andrew Johnson him self in the elections of 1860. Txa Ccittbx nt Socrn Canouxa.—A writer tn tbe Soul turn Cultivator elves her experience Is raising tea. she oblalred, seven plants in i 960. Tb?te grew so rigorously afterwards that In Octo ber of tie same year, 18W, she made a second cut ting or young. tender shoots, and gathered be sides neatly two pecks of nuts from the seven plants. The amount of tea made was, after dry ing. cnly abonl two and a half pounds. The next year, 1565, she panned the same course, catting them, however, much closer. That year she made five pounds of tea, pronounced by good judges equal to tnc Imported. Having no metal plates or chafing dishes, she used a common casl-lron “spider” healed over a slow, charcoal fire. When it was “jail hot enough to be uncomfortable to the band,” she pal In the leaves, “twisting and rubbing them with tbe palms of the hands, raisins them from the pan, twisting, braising them and Icltlsgthem fall back.” Tbe bntlslng ebe thinks essential; during it the leaves emit a large quan tity o! greenish sap. She add* that the kernel of the npenntia so bitter that she is sore .it would prove a substitute for quinine. ROBSIP FROM EUROPE. An Ercntfnl Fortnight. Distress and; Starvation, of the '• English Poor. \ The Last of the Cecils. Sad Story of the Duke of Hamilton and His Patrimony—A Pen niless Peer. The Progress of Beform. A Batch of Gossip about the Paris Ex- hibitlon* [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune ] Lokooit, England, January 19. A “fortnightly of what baa oc curred daring so mucH of the year 18G7 as has already paased away. Ia anything but pleasant in itself andby no means cheering for the ftitnre. The closing week of 18GG delegated to the incoming year the suffer ings arising from two coal explosions in the north of England, by which some hundreds of lives were sacrificed. A section of the most attractive feature of London was burned down In the tropical wing of tho Crystal Palace, and this week baa added to the list of casual ties tie deaths of over forty r persons, who were drowned in the ornamental water pond of the Regent’s Pork, to which they went fbr the purpose of skating. What Is most sad in this affair Is that, with proper ap pliances, not one person out of those who were immersed wonld probably have been drowned. The Humane Society employ men in all the parks for tho purpose of rendering assistance In the event of any casualty, but, If tbe accounts hitherto published be cor rect, they contributed to, if they did not actually pi odnee, the present catastrophe, by breaking the ice al> round the pond whore it was conceded with the shore, thereby mak ing it lees cat able of bearing a great weight. Many w.nld have been saved if there had been ropes enough to throw across the water. Bat even those that were at hand proved to he rotten and broke three times. I know nothing that better proves the utter want of organization in this city than the fact that over forty persons conld have lost their lives in a sheet of water which is but a few hundred yards broad at its widest, and in some places as narrow as a canal. From one who was on the spot at the time I learn that the confusion was ter rible, and tbe shoots and struggles of tho drowning agonizing. JVbto there is a perfect dclngc of suggestions lor preventing a recur rence of such a calamity in future. I referred, in a recent letter, to the state of starvation in which a large portion of the population was thrown by the severe weather which began on New Year’s Day. The se verity of the weather has, with a short respite, continued unabated, and the distress ha& augmented in proportion. There ore some twelve thousand persons on the verge of starvation in the Poplar District alone, and the most urgent appeals are made to the wealthy for aid. All parts of London are full of poor wretches who, with anything but British pride, proclaim their helpless condition to the world, and accept tho smallest trifle from the passer-by. Some times they arc to be met, with a boat carted along the street, to signify that they belong to the river side, and are “frozen out,” as they call it. The forms which misery assumes arc protean In times like the present, but those who arc best acquainted with the haunts of distress, say that the worst misery Is that which does not make itself known at all. It is worthy of notice that m tho midst of this terrible state of things a ship build ing firm at Mil wall has offered employ ment to some shlp-wrigfats* at the reduced pay of six pence per day, that is to say. at six shillings six pence instead of seven shil lings, and that tho offer has been refused. The offer and the refusal appeared in the journals of yesterday. Facts of this kind show how wide Is the estrangement between capital and labor, and bow far we are yet from the solution of that which is the cardi nal problem in political economy. Eng lish capitalists and manufacturers seem to argue as if strikes were peculiar to and confined to England, whereas there was scarcely a trade in France that, had not its strike about twelve months ago, and I see by tho New York papers of latest date that strikes are taking place there to an Immense extent. Even In the model country of Bel gium there was a strike last week in one ot Hie conieilcs mere, and the gendarme* had to bo called In to suppress It. The univer sality of the phenomenon ought, at least, to open men’s minds and set them upon Inquir ing whether there is not some cause foi these strikes besides tho ignorance of work ing men and the cunning of a few agitators— the raiton d'etre to which they are generally xscribcd. Their frequency and extension in England arc among the marked teatnrosof the lime. But they have received a severe blow by a recent decision of tho Court of Queen’s Bench, that, being opposed to the oolicy of the law, Trades’ Unions are not en titled to the protection of the law, so thit, asmattersnow stand, no Trades’ Union cou'd bring an action against any ot their officers woo might rob tho funds of tho society. Perhaps I should mention, as one of tho calamities of the new year, tho death of the Maiquis of Exeter, the direct descendant ol William Cecil, the famous Minister of Quccu E'izabuth. The late Marquis was well placid amongst the nobles ol the land Hi had two Lord Lieutenancies—Northampton shire and Rutland—was Knight of the Gar ter ; was a member of the last Government of Lord Derby: was a hereditary Grand Al moner, M. A. and LL.D. ol Cambridge Uni versity, a patron of the turf, and as such a winner of the “Oaks” In 1529 and St. teger in 1552, and tho owner of one of the first la vorites for the “ Derby” of ISffT. Shorty be fore his death be asked £IO,OOO for Grand Cross, tho horse In question. In addition to bin other titles to fame, tho late Marqnis was a successful breeder of short-boros and sheep, and one ofthe largest contributors to the first, second and .third Cow volumes of the Herd Book. On Tuesday last his son and heir, Lord Burgbley, Is reported to have shot 600 rabbits, 450 pheasants, 9 woodcock, &c., and on Thursday next the parent is to be In terred. As.a “man on tho turf,” the late Marquis mast have come into contact with doubtful characters, but it must not be supposed that the acquaintance ex tended beyond the field. A successful tnrflte, but one many degrees below the zero of nobility, once familiarly accosted him in Piccadilly, but the Marquis’ reply was that “he knew him only on Newmarket Heath, aud nowhere else.” Lord Bnrghley, who succeeds to the title end estates, is Treasurer ol the Household in the present Government, and his more famous cousin, Lord Cran buurnc, the heir to the other branch of tho Cecils, represented by the Marquis of Salis bury, Is Minister for India, with a seat in the Coblnct; so that it is not for nothing that one bears the name of Cecil. I wonder what they would be if left to carve out their for tune on the other side of the Atlantic, with out the old of privileges and £IOO,OOO a year. But even in aristocratic England a feudal name, a great ancestry and a splendid for tune, will not protect one from the conse quences of a life on the turf or tho gambling tabic. The roll of England’s, or Scotland’s, or even France's nobility does not bear a more distinguished name than that of the Duke of Hamilton. The late Duke, his tather, was lound dead about three years ago, at the bottom of a staircase In Paris. The report is that he was intoxicated, fell and was killed. His son quite a young man, succeeded to an estate of £IO,OOO a year, but so extravagant has been bis career that the whole of his estate In Scotland has been vested in trustees for the benefit of his creditors. The debts are said to amount to £323,000, exclusive of family provisions to the extent of £IOO,OOO. On yesterday week tho Duke was “enter talned”' at dinner by the celebrated Mr. Padwlck, who, at the present moment, la the real owner of the old palace of the Douglas. Mr. Merry, a name well-known on tho tmf, and a member of. the House of Commons, proposed “the health of Mr. Pad wick, the Duke’s Commissioner.” The Duke intimated that It was his intention to go abroad—for the benefit of the estate, no doubt—and, as I have seen, from the columns of the Trtouxe, that Chicago is not without its gambling booses, it is qnite possible that the young' Duke of Hamilton, after having been fleeced In Europe, may tom up In the metropolis of tho Prairie State with a bundle of greenbacks to speculate with. For the moment there Isa 101 l In homo politics. Parliament wm open on the fifth of next month. The Qoeen will bo present «<n the occasion, but whether she will take any farther part in the ceremony is doubtful. Last year tho speech was read for her, and she took no part whatever in the proceed ings. It is probable she will follow the pre cedent (ho made for herself last year. The Conservative leaders have issued their usual invitations to their followers, and Mr. Glad stone has summoned, in a letter dated from Florence, the Liberal members of the House to be present on tho opening day. The next session of Parliament will be one ofthe hot test that has taken place in this country for many years. The spirit of each party Is up, and the conflict will bo sharp and personal, the more so as there is a on the part of a certain portion of the old Whigs and the lacontcnied Radicals to oust Mr. Gladstone from hU position a* leader of tho Liberal portj la tho noose of Commons. .The at .tempt Trill prove a failure, bnfshould It suc ceed, the prospects of reform will only be the brighter, for the country will rally more than ctct around Mr. Gladstone. ' Our neighbors' on the other side of tho channel arc becoming quite excited, as the time for the opening of the Exhibition draws nigh. It is'ssld that the King of Prussia has signified bis Intention to go to Paris, and a like Intention Is attributed to our Queen. Amongst the latest “ notions” out, in con nection with this International Exhibition, are the following: It Upropbaed by M. Qlffard to have a balloon attached by ropes to a steam engine which will describe a.circuit,. ol coarse taking tho balloon with It; and en able the serial navigators to see Paris and Its environs at a height of several hundred feet above ground,at a charge offlve francs a bead. As M Gifford is a practical and suc cessful engineer, having realized some'Bo,ooo francs (£3,200) by a patent for supplying boilers with water without the necessity of a pomp, bo may succeed In his* airy specula tion. But 1 doubt very much whether be will do so as to an. invention he is now engaged upon—apparatus for preventing oscillation at sea and thereby doing away with sea sickness. Bnt the last notion is that of forming a vast camp at Vincennes, In which specimens of the armies of all the nS” tions of the world may be seen.. It may be possible to get the costumes, but the sol diers, I apprehend, would be composed of French “dummies.*’ M; Aurelicn Scholl, editor of tho new Paris paper Lt Camarade , is about to establish- a special telegraphic communication with Lon . don, St. Petersburg, Vienna, Berlin, Florence and Madrid, whereby the visitors from the various capitals will be made hourly ac quainted with the most important facta that are taking place in them. I doubt, however, if anything can surpass in daring what one of your rich countrymen Hying in Paris is said to be preparing. It is reported that he fitting up a palais in the most costly style of luxury; that he intends giving the most splendid entertalnm: .'3, bal masques, &c. But what surpasses all the rest is that in the gambling room are to be placed porphyry vases filled with gold and silver coin, which the players cau take to any amount, merely depositing their cards as security for repay; meat. I should say It would bo difficult to imagine anything more ingenious than this Yankee “ notion,” If it comes to be realized. Miss Adah Menken is at present in Paris, and the feuilletonists speak of her in raptures. She Is described as “strange” and “seductive,” and “an almost supernatural creature.” George Sand was so charmed with her. 2fa zeppa that she left her box and went behind the scenes for tho purpose of being intro duced personally to the “Fcuella, of the Redskins,” and the Emperor and Empress did her the honor of going to witness her performance. When Mias Menken was* in London some ofihe over-sensitive critics ob jected to her aphrodltal costume, bnt she appealed to the public to come and see; » hich they did and saw nothing. To do Jus tice to the Paris Uicrateurs, they make no ob jectlon of the kind, but, oo the contrary, see In Miss Menken everything comma U/aui, and speak with contempt of “ 1c cant Britan uiqnc.” Miss Menken must not, however, attempt to appear In Borne, where Mignora Salvioui was taken Into custody the other day for kissing on tho stage a character—a female dressed in man’s clothes—in a ballet called the “Conntcss Egment.” It Is well to know there Is one spot of earth where the proprieties are so strictly observed; but ttose who know Borne will tell you that this is merely the hypocrisy of piety. Scotch Presbyterianism and the American heresy of Mr King, whatever that may be, fare no bet ter at the hands of tho Papal Government than the kissing of Signore Sahionl—all three, I suppose, being equally impure, lor heresy is laid down to be an immorality. It may be Interesting to some of your leaders to know the extent and kind of ac commodation which Paris is capable of affording to visitors to the Exhibition I therefore collect the following data from a circular issued by Mr. Thomas Cook, an ex cursion manager of great experience In Lon don. Mr. Cook, having failed to get 350 rooms in a block of new residences for work men, which he proposed to furnish for Ajncr-. icon and English visitors of limited means, says that be looked in vain for any other houses convenient for such a purpose. “In barracks adjoining the Invalides provision Is made,” ho writes, “ forannmbcrof Ameri can militia, of the Seventh New York Regiment, who will most likely bo lodged free of expense. 1 have seen tie rooms provided for them, which arc very clean, being newly painted, whitewashed, etc., but the apartments are arranged lor fifty or more beds in each room, with divisions between every half dozenbeds. 1 believe provision coaid be made for about 1,200, but I was informed on tho spot that only SOO of the American militia are expect ed.” A company of speculative! hotel keep*’ ere offered to furnish houses la which bed and breakfast could be supplied for five francs a day, provided Mr. Cook guaranteed a constant supply of GOO visitors during the reason, and paid a large sum in advance. In no ease could he get a promise of bed, break tost and dinner under ten francs a day. He could find no satisfactory arrangement in preparation for the accommodation of per -ons of small means. For those of larger means be obtained assurances of accommo dation for 1,000 or more visitors at a time, from April to October, at tho rate often shil lings per day for each visitor. In the still uivlu-rclass of hotels Mr. Cook was told the cliarge would bo from fifteen to twenty francs i day, and.the prices la the Grand Hotel and Louvre will be raised fifty per cent—the oc cupants of rooms being charged for dinner whether they take it or not, at the hotel price of seven and eight franca respectively. Mr. Hepworth Dixon’s work on America «as published yesterday. It is not a serious :-ook. It deals with the excrcscnccs, the eccentricities and exaggerations of American .'oclcty, and call these “New America.” He .-kiinmed the country and has produced a -emotional work which I have no doubt will -ell on account of the strange things It com alns, but It leaves the real life of America almost untouched. The chapter on “Bible Communists” will be the one most relished by the English reader, as Us revelations are those which are most distant from oar views of morality. “The PoliticftMVorks of Mr. Cohden,” in two volumes, have also come out th*s week, bnt as they have an Ameri can publisher’s name on the title paze I ap prebend they have appeared by this time in America. What he says of America shows the wonderful sagacity of the practical au thor ol free trade. Mr. Bright has also pub lished his speeches on Reform, corrected by timself. They show, says the Times, that Mr. Bright has learned nothing since 1532, that is to say, Mr. Bright is conslstaut, and this the Times finds fault with—naturally. LITERATURE. Common Improprieties of Speech. 2?uf, for that, or If. Example: ‘‘l have no doubt but he will come to-night.” ”1 should not wonder but that was the case.” Agriculturalist, for agriculturist, Is an Ira propriety of the grossest sort. Nine-tenths of our writers on agriculture use the former expression. They might as well say geo loglcalist, instead ofgeologlst, or chemicalist, instead of chemist. Deduction, for Induction. Induction is the mental process by which we ascend to thcT discovery of general troths; deduction is the process by which the law governing particu lars I? derived from a knowledge of the lair governing the class to which particulars be long. To endeavor, a neater verb, is sometimes used actively. Example : “ I shall endeavor the accomplishment of the object;” en deavor to accomplish, «&c. lUy is a gross barbarism, quite common in these days, especially with newly, fledged poets. There Is no snch word as % in the language, and it is very siQy to use it. The nonn, ad Sect Ire, and adverb, are »C. The late Judge Story had a great horror of the bar barism in question, and we have heard him harangue against it for a quarter of an hour “by Shrewsbury.” Host Highest. The pnainessof the attempt, on the part of some clergymen, to exalt the character of the Deity by addressing Him In pnbllc by this doable superlative, must be evident to every hearer who knows the force of language. How can any being be higher than the Highest t Tlenty, for plentiful. Stump politicians tell ns that the adoption of a certain measure “will make money plenty In every man’s pocket.” I have got , for I have. A critical writer, of much acuteness, says of this vulgarism: “If snch a phrase as T have possess’ were used, all noses would turn up together; but *1 have got,’ when used to signify ‘I have * Is equally a departure from propriety. A man may say, T have got more than my neighbor has, because 1 have been more industrious •’ but be cannot with propriety say, *1 have got a long nose,’ however long his nose may be.” The latter remark wonld be pardonable however. If he had just obtained an artificial “proboscis.” Hecommend. This word is used In a strange sense by many persons. Political Conven tions often pass resolutions beginning thus: “Resolved, that the Republicans (or Demo crats) of this connty be recommended to meet,” &c. Differ tcith is often used, in public debate, instead of differ from. Example: “I differ with the learned gentleman, entirely” which is Intended to mean, that the speaker cherishes views different from those of the gentleman; not that he agrees with the gen tleman In differing from the views of a third person. Corporeal, for corporal. Is a gross vulgar ism, the use of which, at this day, should subject an educated man to the kind of pun. Isbment which the .econd sdJccf.To de scribes. Cbiporecl means, bsylnj; a bodj cor noral, or belonging to a body. Wearies, for is wearied. Example : The reader soon wearies of such stuff!” Any hov Is aa exceedingly vulgar phrase, though used oreii by M elegant a writer aa BUIr. Example i “Tf the damage can be any how repaired ,” y «fcoi. The usd of this ox nresslon, in any manner, byonowho professes to write and spesk the English.longue with purity, is unpardonable. \ It ic«e, for it Is. Example: “It were a consummation devoutly to bo wished for.” Doubt is a word much abased by a class of would-be-laconic~ ‘speakers, who affect an

Abcrnetby like. breyity of language. “I doubt such is the true meaning of the Con stitution,” say our great expounders, looking wondrous wise. Which way do they doubt f Lie, lay. Gross blunders are committed in the use of these words, “Ho laid down on the grass,” Instead - oft “he laid himself flown,”.or, “he lay.down.” The verb to lie (to be’ In a horizontal position.) Is lay in the preterite. .The book, docs not lay on the tabic ; It lies there.. Some years ago an old l»dy consulted an eccentric physician of our acquaintance in Boston, and, in describing her disease, declared—VThetrouble, Doctor, is that I can neither lay nor set." Then,* Madam," was the reply, “I would respect folly suggest the propriety of your roost in<7.” "like I chi," Is a ‘ gross . Western and Southern vulgarism for “as I did.” “Yon will feel like lightning ought to strike you,” says a leai nod Doctor of Divinity. Less, lor fewer. “Not less than fifty* per sons.” Less relates to quantity; fewer, to things. Balance, for remainder. “I*ll take the balance of the goods.” Beroll, for “are revolting to.” “Such doctrines revolt ns.”. Alone, for. only. Qnaekenboss, in - his “ Coarse of Composition andßhctoric,” says, in defiance of one of his own rales: “This means of communication, as well as that which follows, is employed by man alone.” Only is often misplaced In a sentence. Miss Braddou says, in the prospectus of “ Belgra via,” her. new English magazine, that “it will be written In good English. In Its pages papers of sterling merit will only appear,” A poor beginning, this. Female, for woman. “I saw a female go ing down the street.” A female what ? The word may mean a doe, a duck, a ewe, a lamb, a goose, or a filly. Likewise, for also. “Also” classes togeth er things or qualities, whilst “likewise” couples actions or states of being. “Ho did it likewise,” means he did It in like manner. An English Quaker was once asked by a law yer whether he could till tbe difference be tween “also” and “likewise.” "O, yes,” was the reply, “Ersklne Is a great lawyer'; bis talents arc universally admired. Yon are a lawyer also . but not like-irtic.” Avocation, for vocation, or calling. A man’s “avocation” aro those pursuits or amusements which engage his attention when he is “ called away from” bis regular buslrcss or profession,—as music, fishing, boating. Crushed out, for crushed. “The rebellion has been crushed out.” TYhy out, rather than in t It ought to satisfy the most venge ful foe of “ the rehs ” that they have been crushed, without adding the needless cruelty ol “ crushing them in,” which is to be as vindictive as Alexander, of whom Dryden tells us that *• Thrice he routed all his foes, Aud thrice be slew (be glsto.” Of, for from. Example: “Received of John Smith fifty dollars. Antiquarian, for antiquary. “He is a dis tinguished antiquarian.” Notices of Now Publications. THE JaWTERIN TUE SCHOOL ROOM. Com prising tue laws of all the States ou Important tducaiioual Subjects. Carefully compiled, ar ranged, cited and explained. By u. McN. Wsian, A. M., I.L. D„ of tbe New York Bar. Cloib. rages 101. New York: J. W. Schermer bora A Co. ISOT. It is queer that almost every compiler of fact-books must needs prefix to his wares the inevitable disparagement of original writing. The roan of letters who will put bis thought In bis own style is branded wise in his own conceit by every Liliputlan book-maker who chances to find a publisher. The truth is, that both the scholar and tho compiler are mere mlddlenften in the commerce of ideas. They stand between tho thinker and the doer; just as the man of traffic runs errands between tbe silk manufacturers of France aud the patrons of silk in America. The scholar is generally a coward. Ho thinks a thought in feeble outline; bnt he fears to speak it. He must ransack the alcoves of dignified Uteratnre till he comes upon one of his heroes who was not too timid to say what he thought. If no authority bo found, the thought is abandoned, or modestly hinted, with a “perhaps,” or a “may be.” That modern originality is to bo hooted, while old origi nality, tbe product of an Inferior age is to be put'forward, should ho quoted from some fossilized European librarian, and not gravely defended In the prefaces of Ameri can authors. But we have no quarrel with tbe present writer. He has presented to the public a very useful book, and bad ho written himself a plain. compiler, and thrown out no oblique thrusts, we should have cheerfully given him tho credit which is due to collectors of facts and index and abridgment makers. Such men are to the fine art of literature wbatquarrymenareto tbe sculptor, useful men aud honorable ; but Jack-daws should rot pat on peacock’s feathers. Tho book before us has utility to recommend it; nor more nor less. It is a labor-saving machine to tbe schoolmaster aud the committeeman. ; School systems and governments, the law of religion lu schools, the legal relations of parent and child and tcacbcr and pupil, punishment out of school, tho instrument of punishment, the Interference of parents, the morality of teachers, are the topics bf this little work. Tho Introductory chapter has some interesting facts on tbe school system of China; and the chapters ou religion in schools arc well stocked with blue laws and tbe strange re ligious proscriptions of Colonial legisla tion, most of which, however entertaining, is far-fetched and quite out of plscc.lna treatise upon the law of schools. The PII - fathers gave no license to teachers “un sound in the faith.” Rhode Island was com pletely unscctarian. Free schools, recom mended by the Council of Valson, twelve centuries ago, given into the hands ot the priests In 11 TO, enlarged and enforced by tho Council of Lyons in 1245, applied for tho first time In the wider sense of the American system in 1641 at New Haven, Connecticut, and have, among ns, grown into the most national, next to China, of all systems, the most democratic of institutions and the fore most element of civilization. The author has given us a book which will take honorable rank in that cver-!ncrcaslng class of works which popularize the princi ples of law and medicine so as to render the people less dependent upon the secular pro fessions. It Is time for schoolmasters and tnutees, the fanner and mechanic, to know that wellnlgh 'every principle of law, if not of medicine, is nothing other than plain com mon sense, notwithstanding the mystery and obscurity which interested persons have thrown about It. OCTtvARD BOUND; or \oong Atactica Afloat. A Story of Travel and Adventure, By Wmuz T. Adajo, (Oliver Oailc. Clolh Po. 333. Bocton; Lee & Shepard. Western News Com pany, Chicago. Society on ship-board; the routine and discipline of ocean life; follies and frailties of youth; the little world within the wooden ? 7alls. Shuffles is the hero of the “Chain League.” He makes much trouble, and gets his reward. The fun will be found in the personal experiences of the eighty-seven officers and crew of the “ Tonne America,” and the sermon Is the moral lesson to young men who are disposed to rebel against reasonable authority.* SIX HUNDRED DOLLARS A. YEAR. A Wife’s Effort at Low thru? under High Prices. Bos ton: Ticknor A Fields, 1987. Sold bj all bookseller*. Congress presumes that six hnndred dol lars a year will support a family, for all above that small income has been accounted sotplusagt and subjected to taxation. The book before ns Is a smoothly written, enter taining story of cheap living, which may be safely commended to the housewives of the West, as a method worthy of imitation whenever economy Is necessary, and as a re bake to wanton extravagance in whatever home this neat little, tinted-paper, cheap and beautiful messenger may awaken the con sciousness of waste. THE NEW GOSPEL OP PEACE, ACCORDING TO ST. BENJAMIN. New York: American Nbwa Company. Sold by the Western News Company, Chicago. In the summer of 1563 the reading public were startled by the sadden popularity of St. Benjamin’s Gospel of Peace, edited by the droll Ontls. Now we have fonr hooks of quaint Elizabethan English, queer names in vented by some one clever in phonetics, a little wit, some humor, and considerable history; but who did it ? It Is singular how intense is the desire to know the antbor of any anonymous book, though the name when found may be some plain unknown John Smith, in whose subscription there is no charm. The Highland Society has spent money enough searching the mountains for evidence of the anthorsbip of Ossian to send many Scotch lads to Edinburgh schools; but In vain. The naughty McPherson stubbornly held his secret till death; and this big world has to float on through space with out knowing whose name to print on the title page of a book of poems. Jnnions putting hot coals on every great head in England ; but he has escaped detec tion. Oulls Is his disdple, though incapable of the powerful style of his master. "Who is U. Donough Outlet Toudon'tknovtchoUls; or you don’t know no one,” outis Is Greek tor no one. This satire could not have been brought out in more attractive style; for no English Is so charming as that of Sang James’s Bible and Bunyan’s Pilgrim, and the ingenious novelty ol tho proper names" could not be surpassed. Tbe plan is excellent; but the execution falls. Such ai Uficial manner could not hiJd ibeattcutloD unless ftiHy sustained by genlno pungency of thought; and this Is wanting, St. Benjamin Is interesting.tUl one getafamiliar with the names and scriptural manner; after that the reader tires. Hero U* a sample of the third book of*the New Gospel: “And Joseph the Rcpudiator swore a great oath, and said* that he would drive every man of the lankies oat of that country, though ho should send thither every Phlretah who dwelt south ol the border of Masunandicann. And ho sent yet another army to como behind tho army of Ulysses and cat him off from the North country.” Again Enllah-Rahdo. is ordered to get him unto' “ Horatlus, ihe scribe, who dwelleth in Gotham, and who is the chief of. tbe Onccneas, and say unto him that the Pblrolabs are willing now to makepeace with tho men of Uoculpsalm.” FROM NEW TORK. The United States Agency of the Paris Exhibition, Visit to the Headquarters in New York. Busy Scenes at tbe Weekly Meetings of tbe Committee. Curious Western Inventions. Extraordinary Devices of American Skill and Ingenuity, The Amusements of the Metropolis. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] Nxw Tons. February 6. A BLIGHTED BBIJiO. I ball thee, Chicago, yet not with effusion,' for melancholy has marked me for her own. Ere this I had hoped to walk yoor streets a richer if not a better man, the contented proprietor of yonr Opera House. That I have not done so is owing to no fault of mine. !Why 58,600 should have laid the golden egg rather than 81,735 Is, to say the least, mys terious, and lam the victim of misplaced confidence. Love’s young dream which, When Anglici, means a comfortable income and carriages at discretion, has vanished for ever, and I realize that there Is no royal road to fortune for such as arc Irretrievably afflicted with that baleful malady, eaeocthis sertbendi. To him that hath shall be given; to him that hath not shall be taken away. The only lottery hrwhich I now hold tickets is Life; my recent experience will reconcile roe to drawing a blank, bat if there be those who still have faith in opera houses, let them keep to the Zcc-ward ( But now for a tack to windward which brings me bo n 0.40 pahs bow. , The next best thing to visiting the Paris Exposition—particularly for each as are troubled with impecunlositv, and, conse quently, have an unconquerable aversion to crossing ■ tho Atlantic—la a visit to the United States Agency of the Exposition, which bolds Its conclaves in this city ; not that the small dingy room In Park row, Whose walls are daintily frescoed with cob webs, bears any extraordinary resemblance to the huge uncouth building now rearing its unfair proportions on the Champ* de Mars , but there Is a certain Indescribable some thing about It that makes you realize the Import of the place. You sniff Ideas, you stand In the m'dst of them, you bear them discussed, yon sec a great deal of head-shak ing, a great many circulars, and ponderous books of entry, over which handsome and urbane clerks pore absorbcdly. You behold very small boys rush in with very large malls, and In your mind’s eye, Horatio, No. 40 Park row becomes transfigured Into a crystal palace, over which the American eagle flaps his wings, screaming the while U E plurtims Unum /” You expand with proud satisfaction and feci what It la to be an American citizen. But would you feel like half a dozen Amer ican citizens, rcserveyour visit until Friday, when all the committees connected with tho Exposition hold their meetings. Hurry Is written on the lace of everybody and every thing—cobwebs excepted—yet Mr. J. C. Derby, tho presiding genius of the agency, evenly pursues the uneven tenor of his way with an amiability and repose of manner marvellous to behold. Fancy the figure of Order in a patriarchal beard anda benevolent gray eye, reclining upon Chaos,and you have a very general Idea of Mr. Derby when plunged in medias res on a Friday. , This, too, Is your opportunity for gazing upon solid men. Yon have heard of them, you have thonght of them with awe, you know that In them lies the wealth of a na tion. To be “a solid man ” Is to be a power, to have a local habitation and a name, to be able to goto Washington and deliver cur tain lectures to Congress, to own real estate, at all events to have a comfortable bank ac countto be President or Secretary of public meetings, and, best of all, to be Invited to contribute to all charities and testimonials, and to sign yonr name to all subscription pa pers. To be a solid man Is to be everything that a member of the press Is not; hence the morbid, respectful curiosity with which you and I regard the genus and the species, many of whom arc curdled on the Exposition committees “ Here’s wisdom for you ; chunks of it,” as that delightful naval hero, Captain Cuttle, would say. The portly gentlemen in spectacles who takes, so eager an interest la the subject under discussion, has done more for the in* tcrnal improvements ol New York State than any one living-. Need I say that his name is Rupglca * Near by stands that public-spirited mc'rchant, Elliot C. Cowdin, one cf the four gentlemen who at a recent private session talked the Congressional Committee on For eign Affairs into the propriety of appropria ting an additional snm of SIOO,OOO toward de fraying expenses connected with the Expo sition. Columbia College is ably represented by President Barnard and Professor Joy; and now the 'army makes its ap pearance in the person of General Van Vleit, who comes to talk about the shipping of goods. “Lo I the poor Indian” finds a staunch, stalwart advocate in Colonel W. G. Rowland, our Indian Commissioner for the Northwest, of whom Chicago knows more than New York, and who, in connec tton with Mr. Henry C. Jarrctt, is to control the Indian Department of the Exposition, about-which you have already reid in a re cent number of the Tribunt of this city. That young gentleman at the door is Colonel John Hay, President Lincoln's Private Secretary, more recently Secretary of Legation at Paris, and who, having but just returned from France, can tell yon the "very latest” con cemlcgthe Exposition and the complimenta ry dinner given to our excellent Minister, John Bigelow. WESTERN INVENTIONS. Bat while the committees are buried in what in no way concerns the public, let us look over the shoulders of one whose name Is the French for all that is polite, and see II ** elegant extracts” msy not be made from the applications being filed. Ab, here is something that comes from the West, all apropot of an “American Puzzle and Stove Handlewhat the one has to do with the other, or whether one is the other and therein consists the puzzle, are questions which we can not handle. To have evolved a “Stove Handle.” however, out of one's inner consciousness, is a triomph of mind over matter for which the West should receive due credit. Nevertheless, this conception pales in the presence ol another from a neighboring lati tude. Think of a wonderful lock, “a solid nokcy-hoU lock ! “ How incalculable a bless log is this to mankind in general, and to gentlemen who—owing cntlro'y to the dark ness of night—experience great dlfficnlty In finding the key-hole, in particular I Bat lis ten to the inventor: “I have a superior manner o! working the tumble, and an arrangement to mnltlply the keys—of different adjustment, and which mnltlply their combinations together. The key of my specimen lock Is capable of over ten billion changes I ” Angels and ministers of grace defend ns! If I had sunk so low in the scale of tinman, ity as to be guilty of a pan, I should look upon this as a quiviec. Surely the no-key hole-gentlemen will be grateful for a superior manner of working the tumble. For myself, I look with reverence upon one who, while still In the bloom of youth, has counted ten billions, to say nothing of inventing a key to fit into no key-hole. Had I drawn the Opera Honsc—bat let me not dwell on tbia painful subject. A MODEL LETTER WHITES. Ah, here is a work of genius which speaks so eloquently for Itself that no language of mine Is needed by way of explanation; “ I*have made a Ladies work bos inlaid of wood, containing a nnmoer of 14,000 Pclscs of wood. The varies Colours are oa tnral with the exception of the Blue. The Top Centre Pelse Is a Combination; it Is united States Code of Arm. the Rays of the Snn, 13 Stars over the Eagle, the Flags on the right and left of the Shlells, Mus kets, Rifles, Canon In the rear, Balls piled up on right and left. Drum, fife. Swords, &c., the rrontea Pelse forming a Culchcn the Horn of Plenty on the right and loft of a Heart, the Horns arc filled with Fruit. On one end Is inlaid the goddes of Liberty, on the other justice and l»ck Hope. - The Eacle alone contains 0,000 Pclscs of wood, the glass case which the box is in h about aCublckfoot.” I am quite sure that were this extraordinary box sccompanled by this explanatory letter, there would be no greater enriosty at the Exposition. The expression “hack hope "is new, bat ford ble, and might be used effectively by those who did not draw the Opera House. THB BEVBNTU OKOUP. Perhaps tho |mdat arduous duty of the Apcnc? Is the' sitting upon tho “Seventh Groap,” a duty which tho officers are dally called upon to'perform between the hours of twelve and one. Then may be heardstiauge □olses like unto tho popping of corks, phiz zing of beer barrels, and cutting of cako and cheese, accompanied by remarks in an offl dal language, which Id English, however, sounds singularly like, “Pretty good beer this!” “Not bad for American wlnel” “Have Ino cakes and ale?” “That’s the cheese,” end phrases to like effect. Of course this Interpretation Is pure fancy, my imagi nation having been excessively vivid over since 1 bought a ticket In the Crosby Opera House lottery... K. F. Hie- Amusements of tbe metropolis. (Special Corretpdndenco of tho Chicago Tribune.) Nrvr Yosk. February 8. The great dramatic event of tho season, is the revival of tho Merchant of Venice, with Mr. Booth as Shy lock. It has been presented three times at tho Winter Garden Theatre, and upon each occasion Uio house was Riled to overflowing with an appreciative and critical audience, eager to witness the ren dering of this great play. Mr. Booth’s Shy iock is unlike any other we have seen upon the stage. With him the character of the Jew is not the pcrsonatlon.of more individual bate and malice, but possesses a degree of nobility and grandeur as the representotive spirit of his race rising in bit’ ter resentment against along and merciless persecution. Mr. Booth’s acting Is as ever marked by tbe highest dramatic power. His transformation Is complete. He is as a “ Jew taught according to the perfect law of the Fathers.” The other characters are remark ablj well sustained. Mme. Scheiler, os For tie, is graceful and winning. The scenery, free from tbe usual fhnlty gilt and glitter of the stage, Is not only beautiful, but so true, that we indeed seem to live in Venice, near the far-famed Rialto, under tbe very shadow of St. Marc, and amid all the glory of that most prodigal of cities. A printed edition of tbe Merchant of Ven ice as performed at the Winter Garden, is for > sale in our book stores. It Is a very attract ive book, being neatly boned, well printed and illustrated by our most eminent artists. At Wallack’a delightful Theatre “Ours” is still drawing large and fashionable audiences. The play of Itself amounts to little, but the scenery is fine and the entire company ex cellent. Mr. Wchli, the distinguished pianist, has recently composed “Tho Madeline Waltz,” which is dedicated to Miss Madeline Hen riqnes, the leading lady at Wallack’s, who is by far the most charming young actress in the city. Musical entertainments of every descrip tion are on the increase. We have morning, afternoon and evening concerts, with Eng lish, French, Italian and German opera. The “Bateman Troupe” is disbanded. Their farewell concerts here were very sue ■ ccesfhl. Mme. Porepa Is still singing in the Wednesday popular concerts and in Sunday concerts. It Is said that Mr. Bateman Is about starting for Europe to engage a new troupe, to bo here by the first of March. The German Opera opens at the Olympic this evening with Mfllliam Tell. Signor Antonio Mora, the distinguished : organist and composer, bos engaged a supe rior tronpe of artistes and wDI give a season of Italian opera at the French Theatre, com mencing on Monday, February 11th. Tbe new Academy will open with the “Bal d’ Opera ” on Friday, March Ist, and on the 7th Maretzek gives the first operatic per formance. Possibly Gounod’s new opera of “Romeo and Juliet” will he produced dur ing the season. The English opera is very successful, and Missßlchlngs met with a most flattering re ception on the occasion of her benefit last Friday evening. Her father, Mr. Peter Rich- Ings, who has not appeared in public for many years, took part in the play of “ The Blind Man’s Daughter,” and was warmly ap plauded. Private theatricals and parlor concerts are becoming more general and popular with every season. They not only afford most pleasant entertainment, but serve to develop private talent and taste for drama and mnalc, thereby elevating the public standard. Among the curiosities recently imported is a photograph album and music bos com bined. The numerous art galleries of the city are well patronized. A German by the name of Stoepel, residing near the city, has recently executed a most curious work, which is now on exhibition at Gonpll’s. It is a drawing, about six feet by four, done entirely with black lead pencil, and represents a woman seated in a boat, gazing in agony over her drowned child. Tbe piclnio Is intended for the Paris Exposi tion, and is attracting considerable atten tion, more, however, on account of the on uitul atxe at ft pen&U akotoh, than for tmj artistic merit. Rosa Booh cur’s “Horse Fair” has been pur chased by Mr. A. T. Stewart. It has been on exhibition at tho Derby Gallery for some time. Mr. Jay Cooke, the wealthy banker, has purchased V. Nehlig’s large picture “ The Night Alter the Battle.” Several of Meissonler’s exquisite pictures are to be seen at Schauss’ gallery, and one small one, “ The Critic,” sold a few evenings since for the large sum of $5,250. Mobie. THE WORLD OE AMUSEMENT. The Drama, Opera, Fashions and Liter- alurc. The Acre of Sensations—Tbo French Spy—lndecencies In Faaliion—The Black crook Comlnc-Iflollle Tru*- •ell—Her Belease and lb BlTects— Decay of the Opera—The Fashion*— Miort Dresse*—Colors for Gentlemen— * ones for Ladles—Bald Head* the Uago—A {New Couame by PatU-Utf tori and her campaigns— Detroit and Its misery—Posthumous Concerts ruosical Mutes aid Literary Items. Chicago. February £>, 1807. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: Vte have reached the era of red fire and legs. So many eager devotees of pnromancy and anatomy were never koowq before, and it is cheerful to witness the enthusiastic audien ces which have nightly attended McVicker’s Anatomical Museum In quest of knowledge. At the riek of being set down a Prurient Prude, I am going to enter my protect against the French Spy, not with the expec tation of convincing Miss Western or the anatomical students of Its Impropriety, bat to free my mind. There Is something very rotten in the prin cipality of Denmark when crowds flock to a filthy divorce case, when church members, moved with maudlin sympathy by the black eyes of a woman of the town, arrest the hand of justice dealing out her deserts to a murderess, and when the walls of a theatre ring with applause at the pantomlmcry of a semi-nede woman. Dirt is tramps, and the hand Is falL There is not a salient point In the French Spy that is not indecent. It depends entirely upon filth for its success, and she who can make it most filthy wins moat* bravos from pit and gallery. Continental theatre-goers have a corrective known as the hiss, which they apply most unsparingly. American audiences are noto riously polite. A large, perhaps the largest, fraction of theatre-goers prefer respectabili ty on the stage. I think If that fraction would go to the theatre and hiss the French Spy off the boards, it would be a lesson long remembered by all concerned. The decent part of the public do wrong In allowing the theatre to lapse into the hands of the in decent. I am willing to make some concessions and allow some latitudes. I do not expect to bear a sermon from the or witness Sunday School classes receiving instruction in the wings, nor do I expect profound homilies on the Whole Duty of Man in the stage literature. I want to see the mirror held op to nature, but it is a little too much to hold naked nature up to the mirror. A well dressed woman on the stage is as comely to behold as a well dressed woman in the drawing- room. An undressed woman on the stage is as abhor rent as an undressed woman on the street would be. It is bad enough to supply the imagination with suggestions. It is worse to banish the imagination and supply the eye with bare realities. There is no excuse for putting the French Spy on the stage. Apart from Its indecency it is the most insufferable twaddle ever palmed off on an intelligent audience. There Is equally no excuse for the model artist ex hibition of the character. The Menken has some excuse for appearing in a slate of ma ture as ' Mozeppa, because the poet has represented Mazeppa thus, but there is nothing in the French Spy requiring nudity. It is the pure unadulte rated essence of nastiness, without a single element of grace or beauty to coat the pill and make it palatable. Miss Western has talents which conld be employed to better advantage, and some fewycars hence she will not care to remember such characters as the Fiench Spy. Having delivered myself of my moral bar den, I now sit down calmly and philosophi cally to await the coming of the Black Crook, which will bo here shortly, and which differs from the French Spy In having about filly times as many legs, with red fire. Ve nose*, Cupids and undressed humaq nature odK&ffum. The great public, which is such a passionate admirer of nature, will undoubt edly get its fill of nature for once, and then I hope will be content to leave the temple of Aspasia for the temple of the dramatic muse, if the wave of the great indecency shall have left enough of he public decency to sanction patronage of the legitimate drama. One runs naturally from the French Spy and the Black Crook to the ladylike lorotte who was sent to the Stale Priaon for the un precedented term of one year for the slight crime of murder, and who is now at largo after serving out one little month. Bat sup. posing Molllo Tnusel, of Fourth avenao had been Mollle Trusael, of Wells street. Sup pofslng this young and interesting creature had been an old harridan. Supposing her black eyes had been bleared and her diamonds and iQks bad been paste and rags, and that in her drunken fury she had murdered her paramour, BUlStlgglns, the break o’day man, how* indignant we should all have been, and how literally she would have ful filled her term of service. But say Brother A. and Slater B. who bavo taken such a lively interest in this young and Interesting creature : “her victim was only a gambler.” Tine I but she was only a prostitute! wbich was the best of the twain ? “But,” says Brother A, “she has become converted, and Is going to do better I” Granting that she is, if sudden conversions arc equivalent to escapes from Justice, tho State Prison, will shortly be the. most Christian locality in tbe State. Wo shall bavo demireps plying their disgusting traffic ala Stewart; short-haired young gentlemen calling on ns at unseasonable hours, and af ter a brief season of vespers, carrying off our spoons; thieves stealing our pockctbooka in nomine Domini. Worse than all this, there Is hereafter no excuse for the conviction and punishment of future Mollle Trussels who murder their paramours. Whether Molllo Trussel bos gone to a nun nery or no, matters little. Tbe influence of this unfortunate act of clemency remains. Is tbe opera in its decadence ? It would seem so. The Emperor of Russia has closed the most famous musical market of Europe—St. Petersburg!!, to Italian Opera. At Milan, La Scala Is shut. At Berlin, tbe managers have been dr Iven to engage Frezzollnl, once a great singer, now' without a note of Voice left. At Florence nothing better than Vera Lorlnl. At Paris, Adelina Patti raves the opera from utter wreck. At Rome, Venice, Turin and Genoa the singers are utterly un known. This side the water it Is worse yet. Maretzek has made a failure, closed his sea son abruptly and will content himself with a lal d' opera when tho new Academy of Music is finished, hoping thereby to retrieve hislos scs. Strakosch bas lost money everywhere. East, West, North and South. The French Opera at New Tork bas collapsed, and the German Opera Company never had adhe* siveness enough to stick together a month, although Grover, with a courage worthy a better cause, is trying to pa*ch up the bro ken vessels. The only opera troupe in the . country at present Is aMexican affairatNew Orleans, and as Frida dl Gcbele is one of the leading artists, its calibre may be Imagined. And the trouble Is wc are running to sen sations. Tbe impresario who will introduce a one-legged piima donna, or a whirling tenor Dervish, or a basso who can sing stand ing on his head—better than all, if he will hire legs instead of throats, will make his fortune. . The opera is travelling backwards and so are fashions. The ladles’ drosses arc get ting shorter and shorter,anti will soon reach, if not go beyond the brevity of fifty years ago. The ball dress, for Instance, com mences at a point I dare not mention, and goes straight down from the arm-pit to a point Ido not like to mention. Our grand mothers had a fashion of damping the dra pery so that it would cling to the limbs and reveal the comonrl This is nest in order. Back again fashion goes like the gay crab and .has raked ont of the forty-year-old gar rets, the immense tortoise shell combs which are to be substituted tor the water fall, and still another pace backward—colors are coming in vogue for the gentlemen. In stead of the unvarying sombre black .scarlet coats and porti-colorcd silk breeches are talked of. Revolutions never go backwards Is thus untrue for the nonce. Eugenie, growing bald, hid her losses by ar tificial means, whereat all the dear creatures, from Biddy to Aurelia, roshed into tbe giddy whirl of coils, rats and waterfalls. Now Eu genic Is a little rheumatic and must needs carry a walking-stick, and the Parisian beau monde and Jam* monde are rushing to canes. It is to be hoped that when the royal lady yield? to the extremely oldfoshlon of dying, all fcmaledom will not put on shrouds and wear Immortelles. Another revelation Is quietly progressing. Bald heads have come in fashion, and the smoothest occiput is now the most distingue. Uncle Ned, who laid down his shovel and bung up his fiddle so many years ago, and who •Had not a hair on the top offers bead On tbe place where the wool onght to grow 1 were he now living, would be the cynosure of all eyes. The struggle Is a desperate one. Tbe bald heads point to Jnlins Ciesar, Eschy- Ins, Shakspeare and Bismaik, and claim that baldness denotes intellect, but the young fel lows with curled fronts and UyacintMnc locks, who part their hair down the middle and put It over the forebe-id as if to conceal the best sign of manhood nature has given them, are disposed to deny that intellect has anything to do with it. But it is said that the bald heads have the better of the aren ment, and have got rid of the stigma whfch has rested upon them since the she bears eat up the forty-two, irreverent little boys who desired Elisha to go up to Bethlehem a little faster than comported with the dignity of a bald head. Boiorc I get through with the fashions it will be In order to stale that la dim Patti has created a profound sensation in Paris by the ititrodaction of a new costume for Rosiaa in the Barber of Seville. It Is a short blue silk reps, trimmed with round, garnet-colored chenille balls, silver cord and velvet. She interpolated a romance composed by Mad ame de Rothschild, whose husband had to pay for an encore Patti sang at one of the Aladame’s parties. Maurice don’t waste bis protege’s sweet ness on tbe desert air. Not much! There never yet was a dollar or a franc so nimble he couldn't catch it. Ristori Lad a very handsome season at Memphis and escaped assassination. She is now alNew Orleans and will be back here in April. The neighboring Tillage of Detroit which made such a blaster because it got Riston before Chicago, is now miserable over the elephant. The balance sheet showed heaviest on the debit side. The expenses were $5,827, and the total receipts $5,115 or $212 out of pocket. Poor peopl&should not go beyond their means, especially for lux nncs. Detroit is a very excellent and praise worthy yonne place, and some day if it be haves well and is economical can afford to buy bonbons, but just now it should be con tent with plain dinners. I am surprised to see moreover, that jealous of Chicago and A. H. Lee, the Detroiters are getting up a lottery In which the Grant House and the AtUenxnm arc the capital prizes. My advice to them Is to beware of fleet horses and long-talled nlcht shirts. If they will persist In It, I ad vise them to look, well to the length of that shirt tail, or they will expose themselves worse than we did. I bad fondly hoped that the Philharmonic Society was respectably buried, and that the mourners had ceased going about the streets but now I understand that they will give a posthumous concert shortly. It is the nneasiest corpse I have ever known and will persist In revisiting the pale glimpses of the moon. It is worse than Heme’s grenadier, but the grenadier had the advantage, because he threatened to get up to some purpose, while the Philharmonic will resurrect to die deader than ever. It is a worse than outrage to the friends of the de ceased, among whom I class myself. I cher ish the memories of the Philharmonic, and do not want to “hark from the tombs a dole ful sound” to dead heads. I warn the body snatchers to let go. The body Is too far gone even for the scalpel. It will not take long to tell the musical and literary news of the week. As for music that key-murderer Wagner has contemplated a new opera called the “Singing Master.” Ballet has taken the place of opera at St. Petersburgh. Legs again. Bateman made $30,000 in his recent concert trip, and is very happy. They are giving sacred (?) concerts in Boston. The following are samples of Bostonian sacred music: Violin solo, “Le Tremolo;” cornet solo from• “Nabucco“The Harp that once, &c;” Gottschalk’s “Cradle Song;” the “Split© GentU” and Mendelssohn’s “Wedding March.” Piety in Boston must be of a festive character, which is interpre ted by Verdi, Dounlzetti, Beriot and Gotts chalk. An Eastern critic has gone into rhapsodies over Clara Louise Kellogg's “waving, golden, glorious hair.” As the Kellogg has dark hair, the youth must have wasted his admiration on Marguerite's wig. A young Italian lady, Mdme. Teresa Senea, not yet twenty years of age, has brought out an opera called “ Le Doe Amlche,” which has proved a de cided success. This would seem to settle the much vexed question whether a woman can be a musical composer. The great event In Uu literary world is the sudden demise of the London Sender. One cause was the printing of “The Con fessions of a Suicide,” which horrified every body into a suppression of subscriptions, and the other a ludicrous blander, In insert ing a savage attack upon the conceit and pomposity of the “author's preface* to Dr. Latham's new, edition of Johruon't Dictionary, in perfect unconscious ness of the fact that the “preface” re ferred to was not Latham's bat Johnson's. Victor Cousin, recently deceased, Just be fore his death took with him to Fan the proof sheets of a general history of phQoso. phy which be intended publishing in the spring. The N’exo Tork Christian Advocate re cently called the editor of the Sound Table an infidel, whereupon the Sound Table re torts by calling the editor of the “an Irregular rhomboid,” which is the best thing that literary vinegar jug ever said. A 0 lab in Providence, & . 1., is about issuing t?° 5°? P i ete woA> of Harriet Preacolt Spofford »n. miniature edition cf bars.lf^£? presented to Mr. Spofford h tr, Amon B Encllah write™ who , noaela to press aro the Hon. y bl !’ w» Amelia B. Edwards, Jean’••'“too Tjler, Georgina M. Craik Mn C^J 0lr ’ J. M. Bcllew, Walter Th ' ar ’t. H* T wmia, Edmund Yates y h ra . bnr I. W, R. D. Buchanan. ’ Bldd-u great britah. at ***• Opening of pa-,, Reception of mtnu A Cheery Uo I a„ r ,n„ l J u Ua ; e„-,, [London Despatch (Pcbmary 5, , 0 . Queen Victoria oSSd'lha .j. ‘ eicn ol the Britieb Parliament ? Jouro "J «i two o’clock this afternoon^ 1 °.. Mr »n .. tng la State from Bnckinnb’.m Pri ai ' ,tT House of Lords In order"* Sifi!" t 0 «f To'om Ibr , OD J ! ° n the omJS? " lp?ctaUy “falmed ‘ ***«&£ ‘•Qnecn’a weather’’a. the, ~ we ? tb “. ”r fulled of realization in thuln , m “"air The Queen arrir?d at B ac klm.r- „ from tModsor at eleven o’clorihn 1 ?!, PaU:t lug. Bho was met bv th* rii • iQ thc mora an% great officers of the sulvants and other functions par * procession was formed. The l ! ea the Buckingham Palace at ore oVm'f'f ‘l 1 * afternoon. There was a fin« l } Us Ury, but the plumes of the s?d££ f m ‘ dr .“5 B i ed » and their uniforms reafe with heavy sparkles ol rain. Maere(i dull There were large numbers people ont. hut they were al'inSi wn° f under a forest pfeipanded nmhrelli ■was no enthusiasm among them • no cheer 08 the Queen drove nn.SV u minster Halt or when she aUghted* . 'r s '- cheers for the Prince of Wales Tin 10 hand played the air “ GodlSr'eTh S"7, in really fine style; but the music a jS. to fall on what mav be termed for the people madi no respoSle “ Mrs ' °n reaching the Parliament the sms, s, the House ol Lords was nw«Tiiilt™» V‘ a nobility, deluding the peers and dignitaries of Uie ChSreh.’werc pr'l'r in gorgeoua costumes and robes. Th,f S. esses and other ladleswere In fulldrtss Ik W * costumes glittering with diamonds and of them, entitled by rank, wirh tor°T,v ? their heads. They wore cloaks ofenaini - Queen Victoria, who was snpcrhlvmb.. was duly announced by the heralds indV,, received on entering the Iloose hi the an audience rising to their feet. Her vii » f C s I ’^ d l he V lr „°. nc ’ thl > Premier if Ki land, the Lord Clmnci-llor and other Se r nrh e en r ° Wn l’ ro P"P«S£n The members of the Hoosc of Comment having been duly summoned, a large number of thei honorable geotlcmon attended at the bar of the House ol Lords. WhensitcsM was obtained the Queen rose and read her speech in a clear ami firm tone of voice _M the conclusion of the speech the ses-ioa of Parliament was declared duly o: cued and the royal corpse, having reformed re turned to Buckingham Palace. The «cene nt the return was even, if possible, more dismal than that on the approach. Everv body in the crowd was thoroujjhlv s yi kJd with the ram. As the precision paisd along the Queen was greeted wit’i cries of ** Reform I” “ Reform ”• The people chaffi-d ami made fun of the police and soldiery. There was nit & cheer given. The police behaved with verv great lorhcarance and mildness, or trouv'* would have ensued, as the Urg.' crowds which were turned out were evidently rioe lor mischief. J * There was a general prediction uttered that the present b the last Patlumcnt which Queen ictoria will open la person. There me great preparations h»ing made here for a grand reform denion-tration on the 11th inst. The people assert tuai tbev will on that day show berMajestv the Qu cn a procession worth seeing. The of the popular feeling toward the Tabled and even Crown, is undisguised. There are placards posted In everv street saving that ** men without votes 'are serfs.” Eveti the personal regard entertained for Queen Victoria Is in danger of being overshadowed by the furor of reform. The Queen has resolved to appear in public more frequently. A sciics of roval recep tions, to lake place at the Palace, com menced to-day. A STHAXGE HOOK. Tbe Horrors of Hell. “ A Sight of Hell” is the title of a book l»y Rev. J. Fnrnlss, a Catholic priest, recent ly published in London, ** by permission of his superiors,” for the purpose, as he says, ot saving “ children and young persons, who are often lost for want of being early smUtea with terror.” It la literally and entirely devoted to the snhject of its title. U de scribes hell—its location, soil, streams, atmosphere—the peculiar hotness of its heat—the noises, the dresses, and everythin relating to that Interesting, but not inviting country. The reader may 1 ike to know how Rev. Mr. Farniss—a capital name for the author of such a fiery work—learned all he tell*, as ha could haidly have gone down in hUo*u person and got hack- He says the Informa tion comes from St. Frances, who was taken out of the place by theang-l Gabriel, though how a saint came to be put there, we can’t J’ucss. The London Atherneum gives the lol owlng compendium of ite contents: Children arc Informed that hell b four thousand miles from the surfve of tbocartb; •that the lair Saint St-Franceshas b. ec taken out of the Interior of that place of tormeut by the angel Gabriel; ami worn her account ami that of other witnesses, childieu have an opportunity of knowing whither they are sure to go, and what they are certain to suffer for ever and over, for the smallest mor tal crimes committed in the flesh. Mr. Kumiss Informs the young that “Hell is boundless; its plain is of red'hot iron, its atmosphere a fog of Arc, its rivtrs lathom less streams of seething pitch and sulphur. Take the least spark from hell, throw it in to the ocean, and In a moment It will dry up all the waters and set the whole world io a blaze. The mm-Ir of neil Is not that of the spheres, but made up of shrieks that never subside, and urnatural sounos from tin condemned, who roar like lions, hiss like serpents, howl like dogs, and wall like dra gons. There is a rushing thunder as of eai aracts of water, but little children are re minded that there Is no water in Satan’s flery kingdom. What sounds like the fall thereof are the torrents of scalding tears lulling without any cessation from mdHvus of millions of eyes»” The young, too. are v al , ckenut L b T * ho assurance that if a body could be snatched for a mo ment from hell and laid upon the earth, the stench would be so overwhelming that everything w.,uld wither and f '®* £f.( or tbe frarfnl subject of Judgment, these little ones arc told that their offending souls will be dragged In chains before Satan’s judgment seat, that he is their Judge, and a Judge wbhout mercy! “How will your bo Jv i l6 ft 8 ! l V e reveren d gentleman, ••alter ii7^ a d «f U hM h®, 0 ? "rising H a hundred mil lions of years without stepping?” be f a y a i *’ The vain will have to dresses of the hottest fire of hell, which burns everything forever.” krfJLI* 17 sl ? all J? onEct3 worn now may be an advantage In this terrible crisis, and mi"hi ■™ nb ®'consumed, or Impart only a muder universal cm ? n, i power over maa ,cd l ° hi.™» ll,o night, majestv, the °^ n tbe *ery will o< God are bunt out bv l b h e . a i bde J ou *if|r flames or eternal hell; cnl b depicted as rather querulously stat t!« i done his utmost to save man- K*“ (l {v b J It , tbat the devil, after all, had far the best of It. Such books arc well calculated to make in r. vli.» impressed hy the horrors related as children, they arc very sure as men and •T 0 ?™! 1 . , to “ P ut them away” with other . childish things.” And “all the King's horses, and all the King’s men,” can't re- Pi®?® a chilfijih belief once overturned by adult reflection or experience. When they unlearn belief in a surveyed, measured, care fully mapped hell, they will be verv apt to unlearn belief In any hell at all, and to lose ia.th, by association, in other scriptural, or orthodox, teachings. THE DOUBLE 2IDKDEB IN MAINE. Arrest and Confession of ihe Jinrderers. (Lewiston (Me.) Dm patch (Febrnaxy C) to the Kew York Herald.] The terrible murder of two old women In Anburn,on the stormy Thursday three or four weeks since, is well remembered as one of the most brutal and fiendish that ever was recorded In the criminal calendar of this countnr. Two old women were ravished, and then murdered. Several arreits have been made, but until now all attempts to «e cure the really guilty parties have been la vain. .When the straggling Frenchman was arrested tome two weeks ago the double murder was enveloped in greater mystery S“», e 7’. er t ftll ‘} eTer y tnice orth « witfior of the hellish outrage seemed to be obliterated. Search had been made In every direction for trace of a straggler, but although a fort night had elapsed and every neighborhood had been aroused, yet none could be heard of as suspicious except this unfortunate frenchman. This absence of every trace of a straggler gradually compelled the officers to dismiss the straggler theory and confine their attentions nearer home. As soon as the case came to this point the authorities sent to 2iew York and secured the services of one of the best detectives in that city, who uuietly came to Lewiston and Auburn some ten days since, and, unknown to any person except those specially Interested, proceeded to investigate the circumstances of the scene of tne double murder, and mingled with the people In the vicinity in the guise of on ordinary stranger, conversed freely with everybody who had any informa tion, and took note of every circumstance that bore upon the tragedy, and with the help of the local officers ferreted out every fact. The detective was satisfied that the crime was committed by some person or persons well acquainted with the premises, and that there was probable reason to suppose that money might have been the original object In entering the bouse, if not of the murder. These, and other Ihcts threw suspicion upon a negro about twenty years of age, who had been at work some months In a shoe factory in West Auburn, about half a mile distant from the scene of the murder. He had been arrested previ pusly, but nothing appeared against him and he was discharged. He was, however, ar rested ft second time and confined In the Au burn jail. From their Investigations, the of ficere were enabled to lay before the negro certain developments which led to a full con fession that he was one of the parties en gaged in the commission of this diabolical v? e * the further statement that a white man was concerned with him in the double murder. He confessed all the ciretfm stances ol the crime, the manner in which admission was gained to the bouse and the crime-committed. The white man Implicated by the negro will be arrested to-night, and an invealigalluft had to-morrow ;Tss Linar Bosarr.—A picture la * lite num ber of JPwrdl leprcecnts a fashionable and affec tionate couple, the husband searching xifforoasly la his waistcoat pockets. Tne yonncwlfe In quires, “Have jon lost your watch, love T* sod be replies, “No, darling, ’twas a new bonnet L had lor yon somewhere.”