Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, February 11, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated February 11, 1867 Page 2
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(Ojifago tribune. lIAII.V, TIIMTKFKIiY ATVIMTKLKI.Y. up nett. *•. ni riiAim.wT. Ili*r« err (Ms*- edlllmi* «| UtS Tbibuns »hu"S. tit fMf tsnrntPt, Co firriilahnu (if rirnmi, nrtimei • t.d lliMj.ill*, It. TlisTsi WUBII.V, MiMilft, WM* i til fa Ml rrt.lifi. til Ihs tiitlli tmlri aad hi" « ■Bti.t.mi 1 t.mnUys, Co lbs malts bbi! aalaatoir vmiilir axil'* OPVMtirii. Trrrtia aflhs PElraa* Trlbaasi Pali) ilMlfPlNlin Us *wtf lift »wk» • - ,J <i-*r BuaH-f),... n.WA tallf, In tsal' »nl.«Mlt*sr* (j»ft •DMtin, Jiaya* in w,* tx.ir-r •>,! nn'l'faratorMn adrupc) 0 .(In >\ .Ml, . n'.( r aiiMiin. t*aiab pln ailianc")..... 4>o(t If i t«'(K’i:ai paru ol Uis yp*r kt Die sain" rats*. |lT*r.r.pii irtnlMloi aiiri onlsm* A*" ut n.OtP -• |i>m >it fiiiii'f (Up ifi wpphiy oi Wpskiy "Union* ■••ay r»tslr> (Mi | m '«iof UieauSacftptiyii vMue as A amow t t si s*'-pif'«»«.-lti ntdsrtna tK« ae<tfM« at imit ,* ■ t-* t- i iiMieMl, to lOftnit Catty, bu aura a bit TP-Ut •Isip.ililim r»a lah#-*o"<hiy, TMWfekly, • I'sU); Ai»», rntaßSiamt ratalsadiUfai In lOslU ttk|»*>w, Mrtoay utilPN, of la •i liia»l*a"tilttOttllUK l Atfilrnk, THIMPHU OtK, Obi. ABB, nt, MIINHAV, VOUUAUY ll.'lMT. hi I'I'IKAUIt AND AHINKKTV. iMil’itday laat the lateatofMr. Hleveiu' uiwbt and Impracticable schemes of govern* •■• ut lor the tfind Hlatea was defeated hv an 1 .viiwhelming majority In the House. It is i.ul Jiikt to say that, of (hose who voted for ilit* mcuhtire, n large number did so U(>on the »"umptUm that It was lo he followed by ..Hu r legislation having some practical and Iretnt purpose. The speech of Mr. Banks .vdswrll timed, and hU rebuke of Stevcna hi* well deserved, and the action of the ’ loiifc was, we hope, an evidence that that i iiy is willing and determined to take tempt action upon any definite and well Mured scheme for the immediate and tho* .nigh reconstruction of the rcbelStatcsnpon lie basis of an extension of the suffrage to .he friTuraen. The country has seen the proposition made y Mr. Dixon, In behalf of the Johnson party, >r an amendment to the Constitution, and : is aguin given out that within a few days he Proirioni Is to make to Congress the dis .ml prcjH'Mlion of adjusting all difficulties .jon the basis of universal suffrage and .crural amnesty. The people of the North demand lor their protection, >nd in the name of justice, that ;; any political reorganization of the rebel Mares, the suffrage be universal. With hat end attained, and attained hrougb the voluntary action of those seek • the arntesty, that amnesty wou’d not be .»nig withheld. But, while men should ha ■>t before being generous,’ those seeking !.<• clemency and the forgiveness of others honld live Some evidence ot their being just • tho«- under their leet. The rebels have, v their treason, forfeited all rights save • o-e that may be conceded to them by •.cir -nqiserors. They seek u restoration : these rights; they ask lor a remlralon of ; the putts and penalties due to their ; they ask to he made equal before the n with tl>e citizens of the Union. But i ijUfSla cannot be listened to while . yl'.->t that one-half the population of ;r t-t;'!' s shell be deprived of the civil and •iit'ccj rights which they ask for them* Ivf.. Lei these suppliants for national , rcy 1-c just to their own people, who have t been stained with crime, and then •.c A mericau people, always alive to gen r..ug at.d kindly impulses will. In doc time uni that amnesty which they now refuse, i pardoning treason and rebellion, they ivc no purpose of making those crimes -jiftalle nor will they make y iniruiu which shall contain !• ndr lsslon that fuffrage is a favor be granted by (he South, in exchange for -.ncsty. Suffrage Is a right. If it be not a ght. it is* time it were made so. Amnesty .1 lavur. That Is the difference between r two tiling::. Yet there cm be no doubt it the lavur would follow very closely in .• wukc ot the right, ifthe latter were con ■ led. ! h«- people of the Northern States arc • tii.-t’vtTieielicl In one particular, and • lb. u oinistion lo do Justice, they give a • text to the rebels for its denial on their at. The people of the Northern States • • m:nu> akuhly in favor of impartial suf >l;c af a fundamental comiition of any sys in *>f reenmtructlon. Yet, with thcexcep -n of three or lour Stales, the negro Is cx • ■!r.l from the polls, and In the States ex ; t- d, their admission to thesutfrage Is not w, tnit existed heforcthe war. Any system M!tlr;;gr. forming a part of reconstruction • -i.ld. f. r appearance sake, If nothing else, uniKi mliiuU the Stales. It must ho tho in- 1 in < 'hln. ttiat it is in Kentucky,and the im- in llilnnlg, that it Is in South Carolina. unanimity at the North in favor of Ira itljl rut! race would be more consistent,and im-if impressive, and would carry with It cr* nt« r weight, if it were applied at home. Ihe ( iueltmnli Commercial, a journal of i<m m the tendencies, discussing tho non- Hon of tire Ohio Legislature upon tills 'Jut, nos language Dial U an applicable - ol lo r Mules ns to. Ohio. .11 says : • Ike hlblr makes record of an indMdnul who I ufl Kcominc a Christian (til a more core niet.i f' a>-n. Wo sm-pect lie remained t ilnntr e m msli.dcr of hie days. |{u never found tho •!.>• iliui was convenient. What wore tire per* n.o n d Hemal mnrenuerres wo leave lo the i.->. "li” ate versed In such matters, to decide. *•••••• -We will l'o un praline nhcolthograst principle : li e P-'lurjilon of independence, throw up >r I.Mr- Mud Imnub when the people of nay ;i" f miii- imu-ihr moral courage lo meat tho r.jmii't miStacc squarely, ni*d wipe uni uf .0 c-.ti Hi .Ui-tir-an i lit dhilnctiuu, tirgotteu ol •an i ic-udlcra mid nursed and p-oti-cicd by >» Irti- lig- ut. it Is a “Mg thing” that Im nl»i Miiirr-iit! I t* boon foiecdhdO Um District i r«-ln:.ib;o by i-c pref-mre ot (republican !r. In (''.Moreno ; bur kora defend u«, mUeia .* Mtn • t*, (ton ntln* log thu people of Ohio to «i\ ut.nii-. wi.aih tqiure aud right lo iba DU ■ t < r i Is blpo aquoru and right In the -■•Mf . I ( i.iu. ••'. l.i |.u: ly Is committed to iietiro vutlVage by 1*• Mm 1 1 l!h je; jv»tnuuvt» to Cougtct*, and ‘iiiMgei s:e they io thrust It upon the Southern "laP-t*. tbs* they are almost ready to content to i 'l-jlun-.n of au expioss provision ol Hie Oon -iltullm-. -vhich Irave* the qiullflcaltoo of voters to bo by the Slates themselves, m or <l. r to atcompluh It; and were they to go to tI.M extreme we presume nobody would sing ■y. or make a more brilliant display of all last I* choice In the rhetoric of the progres than these etne gentlemen whose moral r.-uordlce alone prevents the submission of a prapoMtlon to make suUrssre nuivcraal iu the Mue of Ohio. - u s polled of rest from political worry and Mi Ur cocld b? purchased by the concession of the i-nljot to ihr tew nezroes and mutaUoes in :he tta’.c of Okie, there Is baraly * sane- man in the Male of Olito who would cot vote for U. Demo ctMt- a- veil as itrpabllcaus arc lormeolodbjtbe prrpitcsl wrangle kept up over tho negro. Let h o 'ore. imo be done with It; !t is only au cn l.rrnrjt.'. of rights after ail: a rat-ins up of the 1 uiMMiwi ’.hat puts the wh.leedifice ol a higher I-’.-lc. Wc tell these tlmii ccDileracn, who esn cm fu d a coi.vvniei.l season In which to deter tr ice ih- question, that th-.y must look sharp, or tin- Democracy, who are casting about for some tciarnir to recomnumd them to popular favor, v in tiank iht-m. and by their conspicuous advocn cv of tee extension of suffrace to the blacks, so commer d Uicm<elvc9 to the negroes that when they do cei sn opportunity to vote they mil vote the Democratic ticket with at steady uniformity a? ihe native regulars or tbc Irish volun*ecrs.” Let Congress duriag*the next week mature a plan for the reorganization of the Rebel States, making universal suffrage the basis of ail Government, present and future, tem porary. and permanent. Let the Legislatures uf every Northern Slate submit to the people thiT<-' f the proposition to abolish a discrim iiiution which never bad any Just excuse. Then, whenever the rebels shall yield lo this united demand, and determined enforce ment of justice to the loyal lireemea of the S-ulb. then, aud not until then will a general amnesty meet with favor. An amnesty, however, when granted, will be granted free nmi v itlioul price; It never should, and we hope never will be made part of any bar gj In and f.nlc, whether by those granting it, or those to whom It Is granted. 7i ii- m:\tahd and nn. aze- CQACKEn. The letter of McCracken, upon which Mr. tcwaid addressed an Insulting note to Mr. Motley, in at last made public. How any p< rM)« could be deceived by such a letter Is not easily tuidcrslo d. That it Is the delib erate net of an Impostor Is evident from a perusal of the letter. Mr. Seward (hrntshes n copy of the teller to the Senate, without rut statement as to the knowledge possessed 1-y his department, If any, as to the charac ter or residence of the writer. McCracken mj f he Is a New Yorker, ond thcroall trace of him Is lost. He scuds the letter hy tho hand ofn trusty friend. Wholsthls friend? Who I* McCracken? The Becictsry either has no liil. ruiDtlou upon cither point, or hat with* In hi It. Tho character, antecedents and p»i>cctntilllty of MeCmckcn are csscu* llni parts of the history of the transaction, ll«< arraigns tho diplomatic aud consular lif til y hy tiniiic fur odeneos that are unbecom ing gentlemen. He charges one with druuk* nn os, and others with offences against hiicdlug no less serious. lie arraigns them oil as thing Insult* to their country, and as <Ugrading It In tho estimation of foreign (•overummls and people. Who is bo that makes these charges, upon which the Bccre tury of BUto promptly addressed his Insult* tug Inquiries to Minister Motley ? We sup* pnM> that tho Secretary has taken similar urilou In the eases of all the other parlies m cured In McCracken’s loiter. The serious in ff of the charge makes tho Identity and rcppumlbllUy of the accuser on essential part oi the rn»o. But who Is McCracken? Upon this point the Secretary is obstinately silent. All flu* facts of which we have any evidence n re t hat a letter was received ftomMcCracken, who stales that he is a New Yorker; that this letter avails the personal, and oQlelnl, and political standing and integrity of nearly all the diplomatic and consular staff of tho (ioverutneut; and that upon this letter the heartniy of Slate addressed a uolo sooffeu- »lte lo Mr. Motley lh»l lie «m compelled to li'tlun Ilia offlee, Whetlier he tiu deinemlod i spleoelloo* of Hie oilier* will lie dUoloied In lime. Oh thUsUteoffkcU Urn public muni or* tlvcat llummelusbm thattheHoorfUrjr of PUlt* lim inrrmatlun m lo Uiq character ninl standing of Ills correspondent, Ml*, ('mrki'ii, wbbb Im )ma not mule public, nr that, acting upon llio ridiculous allega* noun of mi unknown or mythical creature, bu lisa deliberately Insulted a gentleman and a scholar, and one wlmtioa honorably and creditably represented Ida (iuvctnmcnl and countrymen abroad, to an extent rarely equalled, and never surpassed by nny one. If llda taal conclusion bo llio true one—and the weight of llio toallmony Inclines to Us support—Omit llio Bctfrelary of Hlalo la evidently hastening la (hat condl* (lon deacillied In llio expression attributed by Mcfiachett to Mr. Motley—" linpolossly degraded." In (bo tucntilline, at boitio ami abroad. llio inquiry will bo repealed— " Who l« McCracken ?" Till! IVAIIIIIIIIIO.iI 111.,1.. our drat Impression of llio Warubmiau Hill, ns it pa*s< d Urn HetmtP, wan, ttmt llio sU« leciilli sn’lbm, or Tort's nmrndment, wblcli was stnekoii out, waa of aticb Imporbtnee to ilia oftieb-nev ofilio mcnaiim, that the llotun ooglit to Insert It. Hut an examination of (be entire bill, as it coinua from lim rtuiulo, baa so lur modified our first Impressions that we think tbe llou*e sbatild not imperil its success liy iinilcrfaklog to amend U. Thera are ginve objections lo granting to a warehouse man the right to condemn private property for tits railroad track, ll would hardly be good policy to give Mr. Hiram Whotlcr, for Instance, the right to liulld a warehouse near tbc Chamber. of Commerce, and to run his railroad track through that edifice to reach the nilDoic Central Railroad. The bill Is a .very good one. It is a great Improvement on the present system, and cannot fell. If carried out, as it undoubtedly will be, to break up tho worst of existing evils and abuses. As webave repeatedly said, the first great cud to be sought in legislation on this sub ject, was to break up the monopoly, and open the warehouse business to competition. Any measure which shonld fail In this would uot go to the root of tbc matter. We think the bill as It stands will accomplish this. It makes it unlawful for any railroad to de .lver grain at any other warehouse than that to which it is consigned, without the assent ofthc shipper or consignee. *This, of coarse, will leave the shipper as free to select his warehouse as he is to select his consignee; .uid as all the grain warehouses have tracks eocnectiun with the railways, the bill will certainly extend to all existing warehouses !hc right to compete in the business of stor ing grain ; and the Common Council of Chi cago Is authorized to grant to any ware houseman tbc right to. lay a track In the streets or alleys to connect his warehouse with the railroads, and to authorize the rall loads to use such tracks. Wc think there ran he no doubt of the legality of these pro visions of the hill. We are of the oplaiou that tbc common law would compel the rail .-oads to deliver grain at the warehouse to which it is consigned, provided a track were furnished to the road for that purpose. If the common law requires this, there can certainly he no question of tbc power of the Legislature to require it. But even if it docs not, wc regard the authority of the Legisla ture to do so as baldly admitting of doubt. It is simply a regulation, and docs not go to tbc destruction of any vested right. It can work no injury to the legitimate business of the railroad corporations, and If 'they resist it. It w ill be because ♦they wish to carry on I an illegitimate and dishonest business, I not fur the benefit of ‘the stockholders, I but for tho aggrandizement of the I managers and agents. No reason- I able excuse can he given for not promptly I complying with such a requirement, ami in I case ol' refusal the matter can soon bo I brought to the test In the Courts. In such an cvcut, wc think it will be found that the Legislature has as much right to establish such a regulation as It has to require tho blowing of a whistle or the ringing of a bell at crobfeimra, or to compel railroads to more their cars by horses Instead of steam through the populous portion of a city, ns Is done In the care of the Hudson River Rail road in New York, whose cars are drawn by horses from the Chambers Street Depot to the Thirty-first Street Depot, near two miles, where It is flr.*t permitted to use stc-im. There are other highly important provis- I ions in the bill, which will go far to remove I the existing evils that call so loudly for re- I form. One ol the most Important of these j is found In the ninth section, which says that “all perrons keeping public warehouses In the city of Chicago shall file with the Board of Trade of said city, on Tuesday of each work, a statement showing the amount of each kind of grain in store in such ware houses, up lo the Saturday night preceding such statement, whizh shall bo sworn to by the persons keeping such warehouses, of by their agents,” etc. Ibis wit] put an end to tiic system of sccrcsy, which is useful oaly to knaves, ami will compel tho warehouse mm to do w hut every honest one ought to be willing to da, namely, to make such an ex hibit of theit transactions ns Is required by the interests of their customers and of the public. At other important provision Is direct* igniiut gambling contracts, which tiro de lated to he mill and void. Of course, no eglidiitlvo enactment can rtop gambling In win ot more Ilian ll con hi,money; but tin 1 pruvirion that money paid on gambling com tract* may he recovered hack tty an action at law, cannot tall to oxerclm a wholesome rolralnt un these improper traiumelhms. In fact, wo think that tills hill, If enacted and enforced, will put a atop lo bo much “ scalping,” ” cornering,” ganihlii g and mealing, and worn such a change for the better Unit in less than a y<-ar the Chicago grain market will hardly kiv«w Itself. Complete i>rotcollnu Uaffordcd against such tricks as that perpetrated In 1805, and exposed by Mr. Eastman in his late speech. It Is provided that iu all places I where the storage capacity of the town .or I city exceeds a million bushels, all public I warchoutc-mon shall publish In a newspaper, I In January of each year, tho rates to be I charged for the current year, and these rates cannot be changed during the year. I Ou the whole, therefore, we think the Sen- I ate hill is very satisfactory, and that It wjuld I be wise for the House to concur in it precise- I ly os It comes before them, so that It will be unnecessary to send it back to a place where >1 had such a narrow escape. It U a great triumph of thu people over thu monopolists, and will entitle Us supporters to the grati tude of thrir constituents. Toe measure re lates to a business roost intimately connected I •vith the general and personal interests of the I people of Illinois aud of the entire North- I west. The grain business of the Northwest I is equal to all its other business; it U tbc veiy foundation of the unparalleled growth of this vast section of country—the hose on which rests the whole fabric of our prosper ity and wealth. It was tbc astonishing growth of the grain-growing and shipping business of tbc Northwest that led to the discovery that grain could be shipped lu hulk. This system of shipment was invent ed here, and was not adopted in New York urtil many \ ears after it bad bccu in success ful operation in Chicago. Its advantages arc very great. It takes the gram from tbc conn try warehouse in which the producer has stored It and transports it in hulk to the ut termost limits of the highways ot commerce, by land and sea, wilhont bagging or lifting •>n men’s shoulders. It is Impossible to esti mate, almost .to imagine, the proportions this business will attain In the future. Its present importance is such that tho Legisla ture should hot touch the subject without oro)*er deliberation ; and, on a full view of .he matter, wc arc satisfied that tho pro posed measure does great credit lo the firm >icss and discretion of Us authors and sup porters. TIIK «2<tOl» Timifi CO.niNG. The Associated Press report from Washing' ion brings the cheerful and gratifying Intel* ilgcnce that the Committee of Ways and Means ore compelled to abondonthe idea of making any considerable redaction of inter* rial taxation, os it Is believed by them that the revenue receipts will greatly fall off, owing to the stagnation of business. This is a most extraordinary announce* ment. Why should there be a stagnation of business anticipated when the country Is ttoul to enter upon «nd enjoy the blessings ••fa *rrrn(y per cent tariff, and currency con* traction, both at tho same time. During the fiscal year IbCO the revenue of tho Gov* emmeut exceeded its expenditure by up wards of two hundred millions of dollars, and the national debt was declared to bo re* duccd by that amount. Then McCulloch, under the outhorllY of Congress, began con* trading the currency of the country, by burning np four millions a month of green, backs, and Congress Increased lbo external faxes from six to ten per cent, for the benefit of speculators and sharpers. Only seven months have passed, and behold the fruits 1 The business of tho country has already ho. come so "stagnant” that tho puhllo rove* nun have fallen off to a degree that readers u material reduction of the heavy burden of Internal taxation Inexpedient, wo are In formed. Tho people were looklug forward confidently for on ohatemcnl at least of an hundred and fifty millions .of taxation; but the Committee of Ways and Means Inform the pro.*s (hat twenty-four millions of taxes ate tho extent of tho reduction, that can be allowed I The new Tariff BUI which tho Committee of Ways and Means are concoct ing will dry up fifty to seventy millions of external and Internal revenue, and tho chok ing, squeezing, contraction policy of McCul loch endorsed by tho same committee, will destroy fifty to seventy mllUons more rove* nuc. Consequently, few or no taxes can bo reduced or repealed. This Is what‘wo all eullcr from allowing a financial quack to ex- petlmeol on Hie cnrrcnry, end loblijf ipeen- Inloi* noil eliet pete 10 dlelele a eyitoin ol •ixleniftl texellnn fur Hie country. TAUlt’l' ON I (IK, U la an old Blsmllng witticism oftlm oppo. ncnls of a blub tariff that, under tbn llnsnclil ayalfin Invented by Mr Morrill In IHtll, wo should ultimately gel price* In (Ida country an high (bat lliere would bo only (bran things that wa could produce In competition with foreign nations, vU i lea, granite, and cord wood. It appears (bat we bare already passed llmt point. The MtaaacbuinUs pa* per* are culling for a tariff on tee. Wo copy tlm billowing from the Iloalon Journal/ •‘l’nornTina romrr. ItwlltalrlketlliManlread. era aa tather odd Util New Bnvlaud should ask mutecliun for fia leu. Interests, hr there fa ■ gan* ural impuaslon that If any one article wbl h wo can iifudttce dearer, strotieer ami more beautiful to the ere and taste (hah any other portion of Hie globe, ll Is Ice. tint our dealers In Ice see dancr fh the new Udiridli, which proposes »o admit ice troll) the thillsh Provinces bee. and therefore they ask onr berfslslttre to stlptfest to I'midfesa tlial ire nui*l be foolecled. They stale IhsMltu ft)*l eatfool lee ever exported as liter rhatKllse was shipped from ChsilpMowo by freib efie Tudor. ICsiji, it* llio munih of Cenruary, jw». Thst durhiif the pad year, ire, hdudlmr oeluhl. loiiieanmtinlora million or dullars* has hsstt aMppro from thtaion. and Ihsl as labor, which t< (he ridel eo(|, Is double w hat H la 111 the I'rovinrei, ahd owb.g lo heavy takos, an advaliiagn Isglvnu loom psrirtdtors. lids toiiu«iiy ont*lbs»«protein linn oril.e iminm«t>s will monopolise the bu»lnrss nf siippiruitf Homlisfo oiaics and bsvn our ico n»airnsnla toil in |bo rolu, rnnimillee are of (in opinion Him iim loipoiltlon of a smadditlv would no) ante; (he jutro (o coiisitmnrs fa Uuiid* (hui*>u, ns no iuu fa now or can prudishly ho lot* pormd,*’ Ofcrnr«i Honntor Phorman will bo pro* pared to ptnvd ihul u lurid' on tco is a rovo uue measure, uml Senator Votes will prove tbut taxing our ieu will odd to the wealth ol the country, uud the Hon. William I). Kel- ley will prove that the more our Ice costs the mure our Urnnors will got for their grain. It will then only ho necessary for the Hon. Horace Greeley to prove that by keeping out foreign ice, and smashing the machines by which they make Ice at New Orleans, there will he a greater demand for labor and higher wages for the workingman. By all means let us have a tariff on ice. TUB SOtPtKHti* iIOJIC. Wc have previously presented In detail the claims of the Soldiers’ Home for an appro priation from the State to be devoted to Its support. The Board of Managers originally asked (or an appropriation of 312,000 annu ally lor four years, and pressed their claims upon the Legislature, showing by facts and figures what the Institution bad accom plished In relieving the wants of that moat deserving class of tbc community, our wounded and permanently disabled soldiers; and also showing the Impossibility of pro ceeding further upon the precarious assist ance of voluntary contributions. The hill for relief of the Home has passed the Senate without any diminution of the sum named, hut limiting the time to two years ; while In the Honso the bill is yet In the hands of the Finance Committee. The gentlemen composing this committee must perceive that this hill Is one of unusual importance, and that it concerns the welfare of those who have a right to appeal for aid, and whose appeal should always take pre cedence In the routine of business, it Is a patriotic dnty which the committee should discharge promptly by reporting the bill to the House and seenriug Us early passage. There remain but a few more working days in the session, and the committee should be careful not to let the bill suffer by delay or inattention. No worthier- claim ever came before the Legislature. The management of the Home is all that could be desired. Its officers are among the most philanthropic ladies and gentlemen of the city, and they ask only for a sum sufficient to meet current expanses,wituout which the interests of those reeciview Us benefits must suffer. As the re- reivers are disabled soldiers from all parts of th< Slate, the bill Is not of a local character. Wc In pe that neither the committee nor tho House will endanger their interests by need lets delay. THK TAX ON A IsVUIl’i’iSKU KNXS. The Western Press Association, during Its meeting in this city lost December, passed the following resolution, after discussion, by a unanimous vote: Wnn.tAs, Congress, at Its last session, ra pes, cd Hu- lotermtl tax on ihu mauutacmioor pilot paper, on types, on luv and on Job work, to tbc relief and bt-nrQi of (bore branches ot indus try ; htii lor scxa«* reason unknown, neglected (o remove the lax on advertisements, when there was no revenue necessity for retaining tho same; therefore— Httolnd, By the Western Press Association, That iho moml-ois ol Conercns ore hereby me morialized to repeal, durlzg their prefect session, said microns ana unnecessary excise on sdverUre tlsemcnta. and thereby place the publishers of the daily press ol tbc United dtnt*s ou an equal foot nig os respects taxation, with Job printers, type, Inn and paper makers. This resolution was adopted by the pub lishers of an association which Includes every dally paper In the Western States. But wo fear their petition has not been brought be fore the members ol Congress with sulllclent prominence to arrest attention or to secure tire repeal of tho tax on advertisements. Wo therefore suggest to our brethren of the press thM they give the resolution an Inser tion in their respective papers, aud that each publisher at once write a letter to his representative soliciting Ills Influence and vote In having this burdensome, Invidious uml Inquisitorial imposition abolished. Thu revenue derived therefrom can ho spared. No financial necessity requires Its conltmi- I uncc, while Us removal will prove a very 1 considerable relict to tho press of tho United HI ales. Wo also call tho attention of our Eastern exchanges lo this subject, and Invoke th« l> aid and influence with tho members of I Congress from their portion of tho Union. Who would have nupposed, two years ago, Hint tho rebel Governors of rebel hlntis would so soon ho coinpollcd by the power of Ibis principle l« recommend oven qualified negro milli ago to their citizens?— or that the Chicago Times would become a champion ol the cause ?—or that tho LegU. latnrr o! Tem-cmuo, with tin* approval oftlio i (lovi inor, would adopt it os tho law of the land ? And who thought, while the I’rcii- Hunt wai swinging tho circle last fall, breath i li-g destruction ugalnalall who opposed his I policy, that within so short a time bo would abandon that policy and bow down before tho great principle of univer sal eullrage?—or that Dixon would. I pioposc tho ballot for the negro, with the I approval of Doolittle and tho other poppets 1 of the Executive, who told ns so recently I that an extension of tho suffrage would lead to a war of races ? Yet all these things have come to pass. The cloud that was no bigaqr than a man’s hand has overshadowed the land, portending the swift destruction of all who oppose the cause of equal rights. Universal suffrage Is as certain to be established, as slavery was to he abolished, by the rebellion. Tho poli ticians sec It, and arc coming in out of the shower. The entire Republican party of the North, with a majority of near half a mil lion votes, is now virtually a unit In favor of this great principle of Justice and policy. It has received tbc full and nnqnall-. fled approval oi the loyal white men of the Southern States. It is to be put into practi cal operation in the District of Columbia and In Tennessee. The Chicago Time* comes forwardj a striking witness of Its redeeming power. The Democratic party of Nebraska supports It through its representatives in j the Legislature. A divided Copperhead party shows that this principle is potent to cleave in twain an organization that was undaunted in Us infamy through four years of rebellion. 'And now An drew Johnson, followed by his pliant Cabinet, by Dixon, and Doolittle, and fNorton, and, we suppose, by Rcverdy Johnson, and Patterson, and all his friends In both houses of Congress, and by Orr, of South Carolina, and a long array of recon structed Governors and dignitaries, repre senting the cavaliers and tbc chivalry of Dixie—wo say, followed by all these, tho humble Individual himself comes forth to stand as a witness to the power of Universal Suffrage. History tarnishes no example of such a change in pnhllc sentiment, on a great moral and political question. As if moved by a common Impulse, beyond Us own control, the nation rises up to do justice to tho black man, and to build tho foundations of the Union on tho basis of equal rights. Congress alone stands back. That body whom the people trusted and upheld so unanimously; that body whose promises were so fair and tall of hope, pauses and I dodges. In answer to tho demands I of tho nation to give us reconstruction lon tho basis of either impartial or I universal suffrage, It brings forward a pitiful | proposition to remand tho South to a mili tary rule, hampered and perplexed by the illegal Governments which Andrew Johnson established, and which Congress should have tom down as Its first pledge of fidelity to the pcoplo. Let tho people once understand, or oven suspect, that Congress is isgglng in tho roar ol Andrew Johnson and his party In the tar thersnee of correct principles of recon struction, and the punishment visited upon them will be no lest signal and decisive than that which fell upon Andrew Johnson him self In the elections of IHM- Tea Cfivcni in Bourn CAnouxA.—A writer In (boAosM/m Cultivator elves her experience to raising tea. Hbo ohtslced seven plants in 1800. These crew so vigorously afterwards that In Dele ter of tba same year, 1(64, she made a second out* ling of >oong, teiider shoots, and gathered be sides oraily two pecks of nnts from tho seven plsnts. The amount of lea made was, after dry* mg, only about two sod s half pounds. Tho next year, 1665, she pursued the same course, cnulng them, however, much closer. That year she made five pounds of tea, pronounced hr good Judges equal to Uie imported, listing no metal plates or ebafinx dishes, she used a common cast-iron “spider” healed over | slow, charcoal fire. When it was “Just hot enough to be uncomfortable to the band,” she put In the leaves, “twlaltug and rubbing them with the palms of the bands, raising them from the pan. twisting, braising them and letting them fall back.’* Tho brnlalng she thinks essential; during It Ibe leaves emU a large quan tity of greenish sap. She adds that the kernel of the npo nulls so bitter that she la sure .It would prove a substitute for quinine. 0088IP FROM EUROPE. An EvenlM Forlnlßliti Dintronn mid Starvation of tlio Englloli Poor. The Lost of tho Cecils. Sad Story of (bo Duko of Hamilton and Ills Patrimony -A Pen niless Peer. Tho Progress of Reform. A llnteli of (losslp nlionl the Paris l!x* liltiltlnn. I Hpwlal Correspondence vf tlm Chicago Vfiimna ) Kiniisnd, January It). A “ fortnightly rovlaw ” nf wlmt Ims no citrrod dining no much of the year I*l7 as liqb already passed awny, is Anythin# >mt pleasant In itself and by no means cheering for the future, The dosing week of ISM delegated to the Incoming year (ho suffer' Ings arising from two coal explosion# In the north of England, by which some hundreds of lives were sacrificed. A suction of the most attractive feature of London was burned down In the tropical wing of tho Crystal Palace, and this week has added to tho list of casual* tics the deaths of over forty persons, who were drowned In tho ornamental water pond of tho Regent’s Park, to which they went for the purpose of skating. What is most sad in this affair is that, with proper ap pliances, not one person out of those who were immersed would probably have been drowned. The Humane Society employ men In all the parks for the purpose of rendering assistance in tho event of any casualty, but, If the accounts hitherto published be cor rect, tbev contributed to, if they did not actually ptodnee, the present catastrophe, by breaking tho ice all round the pond where.it was connected with tho shore, thereby mak ing it less capable of bearing a great weight. Many would have been saved if there had been ropes enough to throw across tho water. But even those that were at hand proved to be rotten and broke three times. I know nothing that better proves the utter want of organization in this city than the fact that over forty persons could have lost tbclr lives in a sheet of wat cr which Is bnt a few hundred yards broad at its widest, and in some places as narrow as a canal. From one* who was on the spot at the time I learn that the confusion was ter rible, and. tbc shouts and struggles of the drowning agonizing. jVouj there is a perfect deluge of sucgestlous lor preventing a recur* rcncu of such a calamity in future. I referred, in a recent letter, to the state of starvation In which a large portion of the population was thrown by tbc severe weather which began on New Year’s Day. The se verity of the weather has, with a short respite, continued unabated, and tbc distress bat augmented In proportion. There arc some twelve thousand persons on the verge of starvation in the Poplar District alone, and the most urgent appeals are made to tho wealthy for old. All parts of London ore full of poor wretches who, with anything but British pride, proclaim their helpless condition to the world, and accept the smallest trifle from the passer-by. Some times they arc to be met, with a boat carted along tbc street, to signify that they belong to the river side, and aro “frozen out,” as Uicy call It, The forms which misery assumes ore protean in times like tho present, but those who arc best acquainted with tho haunts of distress, say that the worst misery is that which docs nut make itself known at all. It is worthy of notice that m tire midst of this terrible state of things a ship-build log Arm at Milwall has offered employ* ment to some ship-wrights at tho reduced pay of six pence per day, that is to say, at six shillings six pence instead of seven shil lings, and that the offer has been refused. Tho offer and the refusal appeared in tho Journals of yesterday. Facts of this Kind show how wide is the estrangement between capital and labor, and how far wo aro yet from tho solution of that which Is the cardi nal problem In political economy. Eng lish capitalists and manufacturers seem to argue as if strikes wero peculiar to and confined to England, whereas there was scarcely a trade lu Frauco that had notits wlrlko about twelve months ago, and I sco by tho New York papers of latest date that strikes aro taking place there to an immense extent. Even in tho model country of Bel gium there was n strike last week In one of the collieries them, and the gmdnrmet had to bo called in to suppress it. The unlvor* Bolllv of the phenomenon ought, at least, to open men’s minds and sot them upon inquir ing whether there Is not some cause far these strikes besides the Ignorance of work* tug men nod the cunning of a few agitators— the ratoon d'ttre to which they are generally ascribed. Their frequency uml extension In England ate among tho marked leal tiro# of tho lime. But thuy have received a severe blow by a recent decision of the Court of (Juccn’s Bench, that, being opposed to tho nolicy of the law, Trades' Unions are not on* titled to the protection of the law, so tint, oh mailers now stand, no Trades' Union oould bring an action against nuyol their clllcem I who might rob the binds of the society. I I'erlmps 1 should mention, as odd of tho calamities of tho now year, tho death of the | Muiquisof Kxolor, tho direct descendant of | William Cecil, the (anions Minister of Queen Kll/nhcth. The late Marquis was well placed amongst thu nobles ot tho land Ho had two Lord Lieutenancies—Northampton shire and Rutland—was Knight of the Gar ter ; was a member of the last Government of Lord Derby; was a hereditary Grand Al moner, M. A. and LL.D. of Cambridge Uni versity, a patron of the turf, and as snch a * inner of the “Oaks’’ln 1829 ami St. Legcr in 1852, and the owner of one of the first fa vorites for the “ Derby’’ of 18C7. Shorty be fore his death he asked £IO,OOO for Grand Cross, the horse in question. In addition to bis other titles to fame, the late Marqols was a successful breeder of short-horns and sheep, and one of the largest contributors to the first, second and third Cow volumes of the Herd Book. On Tuesday last his son and heir. Lord Burghley, is reported to have shot 500 rabbits, 450 pheasants, 9. woodcock, «fcc., and on Thursday next tho parent is to be in terred. As a “man on'llie turf;*’ the laic Marquis must have come Into contact with doubtful characters, but it must not he supposed that the acquaintance ex tended beyond the field. A successful turfite, but one many degrees below the zero of nobility, once familiarly accosted him In Piccadilly, but the Marquis’ reply was that “he knew him only on Newmarket Heath, and nowhere else.” Lord Bnrgbley, who succeeds to the title end estates, is Treasurer of the Household in the present Government, and his more ftmous cousin, Lord Cr&n bourne, the heir to the other branch of the Cecils, represented by the Marqols of Salis bury, is Minister for India, with a scat In the Cabinet; so that It is not for nothing that one bears the name of Cecil. 1 wonder what they would be If left to carve ont tbclr for tune on the other side of the Atlantic, with out the aid of privileges and £IOO,OOO a year. Bnt even in aristocratic England a feudal name, a great ancestry and a splendid for tune, will not protect one from the conse quences of a life on the turf or the gambling table. The roll of England’s, or Scotland’s, or even France’s nobility does not bear a more distinguished name than that of the Duke of Hamilton. The late Duke, his lather, was found dead abont three years ago, at the bottom of a staircase in Paris. The report la that he was Intoxicated, fell and was killed. HU son, quite a young man, succeeded to an estate of £70,000 a year, hut so extravagant has been his career that the whole of his estate in Scotland has been vested In trustees fbr the benefit of his creditors. Tho debts arc said to amount to £223,000, exclusive of family provisions to the extent of £IOO,OOO. On yesterday week the Duke waa “enter tained’’ at dinner by tho celebrated Mr. Padwick, who, at the present moment, Is the real owner of the old palace of the Douglas. Mr. Merry, a name well-known on tho tmf, and a member of tho House of Commons, proposed “tbc health of Mr. Pad wick, the Duke’s Commissioner.” Tho Duke intimated that it was his intention to go abroad—for the benefit of tho citato, no doubt—and, as I have seen, from tho columns of the Tmiju nc, that Chicago is net without Us gambling bouses, U Is quite possible that the young Duke of Hamilton, after having been fleeced in Europe, may turn up in tho metropolis of tho Prairie State with a bundle of greenbacks to speculate with. For tho moment there Isa lull In homo politic'. Psrilamont will open on tho fifth of next hionth. Thogueeu will be present on tbe occasion, hut whether oho wilt take any farther part in the ceremony is doubtful. Last year tljo speech was road fur her, and ►lie took no part whatever In the proceed ings. It Is probable she will follow the pre cedent she made fbr herself last year. Tbe Conservative leaders have issued their usual Invitations to tbclr followers, and Mr. Glad stone has summoned, In a letter dated from Florence, the Liberal members of tho House to be present on (bo opening day. The next session of Parliament will bo one of tbo hot test that bos taken place in this country for many years. Tho spirit of each party Is up, and the conflict will bo sharp and personal, tbo more so as there la a movement on the-'”' pari of a certain portion of tbo old Whigs and the discontented Radicals to efust Mr. Gladstone from lifa position M lender of the Tdhnral parly In llio House of Commons. The at* („nipt will prove » failure, but should it mo, oom), (bo prospers of reform will mil; tie Urn brighter, ffirlhe ommlry will rally morn Ilian nm nrouml Mr. (Ilstlilonn. Our neighbor* on Hm other nldo of (bn ohsimel urn becoming i|iilt« excited, m the time (br (bo opening or (bn Exhibition draws nil'll. It In said (tint the King ul I’ninU lim signified bis Intention to go ly Paris, and « like Inlonllon la Attributed to our Queen. Amongst the latest "notions" out, In eon uootlnn with this International Exhibition, ftto (bo following: Ufa proposed by M. (Ilffard (o have a bslloon ftttncbod by ropes to ft steam engine which will describe • circuit, ot course taking (bo balloon with 11, and on* able tbe tfrla! navigators to see Parts and Its environs at a height of several buudrod fuel above ground,at a charge ul five frattos a bead. As M Gifford is a practical and sue. cossful engineer, having realized some 80,003 rrsnes (A!:i,UUO) by a patent for supplying boilers with water without the necessity ufn pump, be limy succeed In Ills airy specula lion, Hut I doubt very much whether bo will do so ns (onn Invention im fa now enuMSctl iipon-nti apparatus (br preventing oscillation nt sun unit (hereby doing nwny with sen Mobiles*. Hut the last noilim fa I hat of forming n vast camp nt Vlncmmo*, in h bleb specimen* of the nrmlna of all tbit im (lons of llio world may ho seen. It may be possible to get Hie costume*, bill’Hie sop dlcrs, I apprehend, would be composed of Wench “dummies" M. Aurelien Hcboll, editor of tbe new Purls paper J.e t\nmiratlf, Is about to establish a special telegraphic communication with Lon don, Bt. Petersburg, Vienna, Berlin, Florence and Madrid, whereby tbe visitors from the various capitals will be made hourly ac. quninted with the most Important facts that are taking place in them. I doubt, however, if anything can surpass in daring what one of yoar rich countrymen living in Paris is said to bo preparing. It is reported that he fitting up a palais in the most costly style of luxury; that he Intends giving tbe most splendid entertainments, dal masques, &c. But what surpasses all the rest is that in the gambling room arc to be placed porphyry vases filled with gold aad silver coin, which tbe players can take to any amount, merely de|>oeltlog their cards os security for repay ment. I should say it would bo difficult to Imugino anything more Ingenious than this Yankee “ notion,” if It comes to be realized. Miss Adah Menken Is at present In Paris, and the feuilletonists speak of her In raptnres. She is described as “ strange *’ and “ seductive,” and “on almost supernatural creature.” George Sand was so charmed with her Jfa stjijHf that she left her box and went behind the scenes for the purpose of being intro* duccd personally to the “Fcaclla of tbe Kedskius,” and the Emncror and Empress did her the honor of going to witness her ’performance. When Miss Menken was in London some of ihc over-sensitive critics ob> jeeted to her aphrodital costume, but she appealed to the public to come and sec, *Llch they did and saw nothing. To do Jus* lice to the Paris lUcrateurs, Urey make no oh* jcctlon of the kind, but, on the contrary, sec in Miss Menken everything comme tl/aut, and speak with contempt of *‘le cant Britan* uique.” Mies Menken must not, however, attempt to appear In Rome, where Mlgnora Satvionl was taken into custody the other day for kissing on the stage a character—a female dressed in man's clothes—in a ballet called the “Countess Egmcul.” It is well to know there is one spot of earth where the proprieties arc so strictly observed; but those who know Rome will tell you that this is merely the hypocrisy of piety. Scotch Presbyterianism and the American heresy of Mr King, whatever that may bo, fare no bet ter at the hands of the Pupal Government than the kissing of Signora Satvionl—all three, I suppose, being equally impure, lor heresy is laid down to be an Immorality. It may be Interesting to some of your icoden* to know the extent and kind of ac commodation which Paris is capable of affording to visitors tx> the Exhibition I therefore collect the following data from a circular issued by Air. Thomas Cook, an ex cursion manager of great experience in Lon don. Air. Cook, having fulled to get 350 rooms in a block of now residences for work men, which he proposed to furnish for Amer ican and English visitors of limited means, says that he linked In vain for any other houses convenient for such a purpose. “In barracks adjoining the Invalidcs provision is made,” he wiltcs, “ for a number of Ameri can militia, of the Seventh New York Bcglment, wbo will most likely bo lodged free of expense. I have soon the rooms provided for them, which arc very clean, being newly painted, whitewashed, ole., but yio apartments arc arranged for fifty or more bods in each room, with divisions between every half dozen beds. I believe piovlslon could be made for about 1,200, but I was Informed on the spot that only 000 of the American militia are expect ed.” A company of speculative hotel keep era offered to furnish houses In which bed and breakfast could bo supplied for five francs a day, provided Air, Cook guaranteed a constant supply of COO visitors during the season, and paid a largo sum lu advance. In no ease could ho gut a promise of bed, break fast and dinner under ten francs a day. lie could find no satisfactory arrangement In preparation for the accommodation of per sons of small means. For those of larger' mentis ho obtained assurances of accommo dation fbr 1,000 or more visitors at a time, from April to October, at the rate of ton shil lings per day for-cnch visitor. In the still hie her class of hotels Mr. Conk was told the charge would ho from fifteen to twenty francs a day, and the prices In the Grand Hotel and l.ouvro will ho ruined fifty per cent—the oc cupants of rooms being charged for dinner whether they take It or not, at the hotel price of seven ami eight francs respectively. Air. Hepworth Dixon’s work on America was publMiod yesterday. It U not a serious book. It deals with the oxcresenccs, the eccentricities and exaggerations of American society, and coll these “New America." lie • skimmed the country and has produced a tcmutional work which I have no doubt will sell on account of the strange things It con tains, but it leaves the real life or America almost untouched. The chapter on “Bible Communists” will bo tbc one most relished by tbc English reader, os Us revelations arc those whlcbarc most distant from our views of morality. “The Political Works of Sir. Cobden,” In two volumes, have also come out this week, but as they have an Ameri can publisher’s name on the title pace I ap r prebend they have appeared by this time in America. What he says of America shows the wonderful sagacity of the practical au thor of free trade. Air. Bright has also pub lished his speeches on Reform, corrected by . himself. They show, says the Zfme*, that i Air. Bright has learned nothing since 1532, , that Is to say, Mr. Bright Is consistent, and this the Timet finds fault with—n&tarally. LITERATURE. Common Improprieties of Speech, But, for that, or if. Example: “ I have no doubt but he will come to-night.” “I should not wonder but that was the ease.” Agriculturalist, for agriculturist, Is an im propriety of the grossest sort. Nine-tenths of our writers on agriculture use the former expression. They might as well say geo loglcallst, instead of geologist, or chcmlcallst, Instead of chemist. Balpction, for induction. Induction Is the mental process by which we ascend to the discovery of general troths; deduction Is the process by which the law governing particu lars is derived from a knowledge of the law governing the class to which particulars be long. To endeavor, a neater verb, is sometimes used actively. Example : “ I shall endeavor the accomplishment of the object;” en deavor fo accomplish, Ac. ITly Is a gross barbarism, quite common In these days, especially with newly-fledged poets. There Is no such word as Oly 1q the language, and it is very tilly to use it. The noun, adjective, and adverb, arc iU. The late Judge Story had a great horror of the bar barism In question, and we bare heard him harangue against It for a quarter of an hour “by Shrewsbury.” Jfo*t Bighett. The puniness of the attempt, on the part of some clergymen, to exalt the character of the Deity by addressing Him In public by this double superlative, must be evident to every bearer who knows the force of language. How can any being be higher than the Bighett f Plenty, for plentiful. Stump politicians tell us that the adoption of a certain measure “will make money plenty in every man’s pocket.” J have got , for 1 have. A critical writer, ol much acuteness, says ofthls vulgarism: “If such n phrase as *1 have possess’ wore used, all noses would turn up together; bnt ’I have got,* when used to signify 'I have,’ is equally a departure from propriety. A msn may say, 'I have got more than my neighbor has, because 1 have been mure Industrious;’ but ho cannot with propriety my, *1 have got a long nose,* however long bis nose may bo.” The latter rtmark would be pardonable, however, If he had Just obtained an artificial “proboscis.” Jteevmmtml. This word Is used in a strange sense by many persons. Political Conven tions often pass resolutions beginning thus: “Resolved, that the Republicans (or Demo, crats) of this county bo recommended to meet,” Ae. Differ trttA la often nsed* In public debate, instead of differ from. Example: “1 differ with tbo learned gentleman, entirely”— which is Intended to mean, that tbo speaker cherishes views different from those of the gentleman; not that ho agrees with the gen tleman in differing from the Tiewa of a third person. Cbrporecl, for corporal, Is a gross vulgar- Urn, the use of which, at this day, should subject an educated mao to the kind of pun ishment which the second adjective de aejbeii. fterporMf mcfttii, having ft body cor* <>r to » Uocjr- IVfiHr,, flir I. wnftdrd. 1C I»III I>lo I Uio IpHlOl .(Mill W.ftllrft of .null •tllir. Irii/Aw I. «n u«ii""Jliikl» »iil« ,r tlluiuli ii.p.l avi'i) t>X ■<> ulflK.nl * wrllur M llhlr Ki.mi'l" I " cl.mW u.n bf KJCU" *O. Tim <i«‘*rtl.l.«- KitMliiii, (n a'tu mo, titer, by omi win. prufoMu. liiwrllu «nil epu.k tl.i. Himll.l. toi.«uo with nu-lly. I" iiiifwnlaiKihlf,. II Int, (or II I". K.ftmplo I " U wuro . ciiiMiiiitii.lloii dnvuiilly to bo w "bud for. Ikmbl 1. ft word looub obufted bf a rmft. of wiuld-bo lfti-oMlo upoakon, irbo nlfftct an Aturoollif Mko brorUy of UiißUftKo. I dipbt ftuob Ift tbo true moftidiiK of tiro Con ftltulloii," .By oor Kfuftt oipouiiderft.looklUK wuiduotift wise. Wliluh way do llioy doubt t lit tau, (Iron Iduiidrn srr coimnlltud In lliau'ioortlicM word!, “Ho laid dowu on tbo irrmi," lliftluod of, "bo Inld bliiuolf ilium," or, “bo l»y down." Tbo verb (o It (lobe In a horizontal position.) la lay lb the Pi (Unite. Tne book does not Uy on Hie tnlie | It Her there. Homo years ago an old hjy consulted an oeeoiilrle physiclm of our netnalntniieo lit Huston, and* In describing liel disease, declared—" The trouble, Doctor, fa Hint I eun neither lay nor sd," Then, Ms(fam," was the reply, "I would respect* July noggeit Hm propriety of your roa»U 'l.ikfi I dill," Is ft urou WwtftrH Mid H<Jiiinrii vulgarism for "m I did." "You Mil fool like lightning ought to strike you,'* HASk u leal m il Doctor of Divinity. lor fewer. "Kot lew than fifty per. »<m." L*t* relates to quantity ; fewer, to Khrs. JJalanee, for remainder. " I’ll take the blianco of the goods.” Knoll, for “are revolting to." "Such dcctrlncs revolt us." Alone, for only. Quackcnboss, In bis “Course of Composition and Rhetoric," says, Indeflancc of one of his own rules: "This means of communication, as well as that which follows, Is employed by man atone." Oiiy Is often misplaced In a sentence. Miss Bnddou says, in the prospectus of “ Belgra via,” her new English magazine, that “it will be written In good English. In Us pages papers of stalling merit will only appear,” A poor beginning, this. Female, for woman. "leawa female go ing down the street.” A female what ? The word may mean a doc, a duck, a ewe, a lamb, a goose, or a filly. Likeiche, for also. “Also " classes togeth er things or qualities, whilst “likewise" couples actions or states of being. “Uc did U likewise," means he did it in like manner. An English Quaker was once asked by a law yer whether he could till the difference be tween “also" and “likewise.” “0, yes,” wus the reply, “Erskine Is a great lawyer; bis talents are universally admired. Ton are a lawyer abo, but not llke-icfoe.” Avocation, for vocation, or colling. A man’s “avocation” are those pursuits or amusements which engage his attention when he is “ called away from" his regulai bnsUess or profession,—os music, fishing, boating. Cntthetlout, for crushed. “The rebellion lifts been crushed out.” Why out, rather than In t It ought to satisfy the most venge ful foe of “ the rebs ” that they have been

crushed, without adding the needless cruelty of ” crushing them in," which is to be as vindictive as Alexander, of whom Drydcn tells us that *• Thrice be routed all bis foes. And ihrlcc be elcwlbc slain.” Of, for from. Example: “ Received of John Smith fifty dollars. Antiquarian, for antiquary. "He Is a dis tinguished antiquarian." FROM HEW YORK. The United States Agency of the Paris Exhibition, Visit to the Headquarters In New York. Busy Scenes at the Weekly Meetings of the Committee. Curious Western Inventions. Extraordinary Devices of American Skill and Ingenuity. Tho Amusements of Ike Metropolis, [Special Correspondence of tho Chicago Tribune. New Voiik, February ft. A IU.IOI1TB1) nniNO. I bail tbcc, Chicago, yet not with lor melancholy has marked mo for her own. Ere this I had hoped to walk your streets u richer If not a better man, the contented proprietor of your Opera House. That I bavo nut done so Is owing to no fault of mine. Why 58,000 should have laid tho golden egg rather than 81,7.15 Is, to say tho least, mys terious, and lam tho victim of misplaced confidence. Love’s young dream which, when Angllet, means a comfortable Income and carriages at discretion, has vanished for ever, and I realize that there is no royal mad to fortune for such os are Irretrievably atlllclsd with that baleful malady, cneorthl* m-ribmtU. To btm Hint hath shall bo given; to him that hath not shall ho taken away. Thu only lottery In which I now hold tickets in Lite; my recent experience will reconcile mo to drawing a blank, hut ll there bo those who allll have lalth In opera houses, lot thorn keep to tho Lie-ward I But now for a tack to windward which brings mo to No. 40 pa UK now, The next best thing to visiting tho Paris Exposition—particularly for mich as dro troubled with ImpceitnlouUv. and, conse quently, have an nnconquerublo aversion to eroding tho Atlantic— U a visit to tho Hulled Stales Agency of tho Exposition, which holds Us conclaves lu this city ; not that the small dingy room In Park row,' whose walls arc daintily frescoed with cob webs, bears any extraordinary resemblance to the huge nocouth building now rearing Us unfair proportions on tho Champa de J/un, but there Is a certain Indescribable some thing about It that makes yon realize the Import of the place. You sniff ideas, yon stand in the m’.dst of them, you hear them discussed, yon see a great deal of bead-shak ing, a great many circulars, and ponderous books of entry, over which handsome and urbane clerks pore absothcdly. You behold very small - boys rush In with very large malls, and in yonr mind’s eye, Horatio, No. 40 Park row becomes transfigured into a crystal palace, over which the American eagle flaps his wings, screaming the while tI E . phtrSnu Vnum You expand -with proud satisfaction and feel what it Is to be an American citizen. But would you feel like half a dozen Amer ican citizens, reserve your visit untik Friday, when all the committees connected with the Exposition bold their meetings. Hurry is written on the lace of everybody and every thing—cobwebs excepted—jet .Mr. J. C. Derby, the presiding genius of the agency, evenly pursues the uneven tenor of his way with an amiability and repose of manner marvellous to behold. Fancy the figure of Order In a patriarchal beard anda benevolent gray eye. reclining upon Chaos,and you have a veiy general idea of Mr. Derby when plunged in mediae re* on a Friday. This, too, is yonr opportunity for gazing upon solid men. Yon have beard of them, yon have thortghl of them with awe, you know that in them lies the wealth of a na tion. To be “ a solid man ” Is to be a power, to have a local habitation and a name, to be able to go to Washington and deliver cur tain lectures to Congress, to own real estate, at all events to have a comfortable bank ac count,to be President or Secretary of public meetings, and, best of all, to be invited to contribute to all charities and testimonials, and to sign yonr name to all subscription pa pers. To be a solid man is to be everything that a member of the press Is not; hence the morbid, respectful curiosity with which yon and I regard the genus and the species, many of wh&m arc enrolled on the Exposition committees •* Here’s wisdom for yon; chunks of it,” as that delightful naval kero, Captain Cuttle, wouid say. The portly gentlemen in spectacles who takes so eager an interest In the subject under discussion, bos done more for the In ternal Improvements ol New- York State than any one living. Need I My that bis name is Buggies ? Near by stands that pabllc-sptrltcd merchant, Elliot C. Cowdln, one of the four gentlemen who at a recent private acMlon talked the Congressional Committee on For eign Affairs into tbo propriety of appropria ting an additional snm of 1100,000 toward de fraying expenses connected with tbo Expo sition. Columbia College la ably represented by President Barnard and Professor Joy : and now tbo army makes Its ap pearance In the person of General Van Vlett, wbo comes to talk about tbo shipping of goods. “Lol the poor Indian” finds a staunch, stalwart advocate In Colonel W. G. -Howland, our Indian Commissioner for the Northwest, of whom Chicago knows more than Now York, and who, In connec tion with Mr. Henry C. Jarrell, 1» to control the Indian Department of tbo Exposition, about which you have already read In a re cent number of the Tribune of this city. That young gentleman at the door is Coloaol John Hay, President Lincoln's Private Secretary, more recently Secretary of Lcgallonnt Paris, and wbo, having but Just returned from Fiance, can toll yon the “very latest” con cerning the Exposition and the complimenta ry dinner given to our excellent Minister, John Bigelow. WINTERS INVENTIONS. lict while the committees are hnrled In what lu no way concerns the public, lot us look over the shoulders of one whoso name Is the french tor all that Is polity and see If "elegant extract#" msy nut holiildfl front Ilia applications being (lied. Ali, hero In something Hint come* from Hie West,niln/iiopoi of an "American I’usnle and Htovn Handle i" what the one hftl to do with the other, nr whether duo fa the other and therein consists the pnszlo, ire questions which w« can not handle, Tohavti evolved# "Htovn Handle," however,out of one's Inner consciousness, fan triumph of mind over matter fur wliluh the West should receive due credit. Nevertheless, this conception pales lit the presence of mml her from a neighboring lati tude. Think ol'a wonderful look, •• it I'dW uo A ty-holr hxk / 11 How Incaluuluhlo a bless ing Is this to mankind in general, and to gentlemen who—owing cutlro’y to the dark ness of night—experience great difficulty in (Hiding the key-hole, In particular 1 But 11s* ten to (ho Inventor i 11 1 liftTu a BUjmrlor tiiniinor ul working the tumble, tttitl mi arrAturoincitl to multiply the koyr—of dlllcrout mljtisliuoiil, nti«l which mulltpty tlioif cutnblimlmnd 1 lio key or my apcctmrn tuck U capable uf owi* Un billion thnutfe* I H Angel* mid mlulatcM of grade deltoid u*l If I bad sunk so low to (ltd eoale uf human* Hyaa to bo guilty ufa pun, I should luuk upon iIHb ai a tjulvh*, Hurdy Ike no-koy* |io|r.u<iiildiumi will be grateful for Mo/wtor manner wwkhf/tht tumhh, If or I look with reverence upon one who, while aim In the bloom of youth, ,b«a counted ten lillllmxi. to iay nothing oi Inventing ft key to jU Mu no key,hnh. Had I drawn the Opera House-hut let mo not dwell on thU painful subject A MODBI. I.ETTER WHITER. All, here is a work of genius which speaks so eloquently for Itself tliot no language of mine Is needed by way of explanation: “ i # Uuvc made a Ladles work box Inlaid of wood, containing a number of 14,(XX) Poises of wood. The varies Colours are na tural with the exception of the Blue. The Top Centre Pelsc is a Combination; It is United States Code of Arm, the Rays of the Sun, 13 Stars over the Eagle, the Flags on the right and left of the Shields, Mus kets, Hllles, Canon .in the rear, Balls piled up on right and left, Drum, fife, Swords, Ac., the Frontes Poise forming a Cntchcn the Horn of Plenty on the right and left of a Heart, the Horns arc filled with Fruit. On one end Is inlaid the goddes of Liberty, on the other justice and back The Eagle alone contains 0,000 Peiscs of wood, the glass case which the box is la is about aCublck foot.” 1 am quite sure that were this extraordinary box accompanied by this explanatory letter, there would be no greater curiosty at the Exposition. The expression “ back hope" Is new, bub fotclt ble, and might be used effectively by those who did not draw the Opera House. THE SEVENTH GROUP. Perhaps the most arduous duty of the Agcnc\ la the sitting upon the “ Seventh Group,” a duty which the olQcora are daily called upon to perform between the hours of tnclveand one. Then may be hcardstiango noises like unto the popping of corks, phiz zing of beer barrels, and cutting of cake'and cheese, accompanied by remarks in an ofll cial language, which in English, however, sounds singularly like, “ Pretty good beer this!” “Not bad for American wine!'’ “Have Ino cakes and ale?” “That’s the cheese,” and phrases to like effect. Of coarse this interpretation is pure faucy, my Imagl nation having been excessively vivid ever since I bought a ticket in the Crosby Opera llouso lottery. E. F. THE OPERA HOUSE BAFFLE, Gambling 31ndo Respectable. We take the following article—written by Rev. John P. Gulliver, of Chicago—from the New York Independent: A most extraordinary gambling operation reached its cnlminatlon in this city yester day. The story Is pretty well known, since men and women of all classes and all charac ters, and In all parts of the country, bavo proved themselves foolish enoughand unprin cipled enough to risk a venture in this grand est lottery of the age. It will, however, bear repetition. It seems that a certain Mr. Crosby, a liquor dealer of this city, but otherwise a very respectable man, at the time of the im position of the Government tax on whiskey, lound himself the fortunate possessor of an unknown number of thousands of gallons of that delectable beverage, llow little this cos/him probably Mr. Crosby alone knows. The great public arc simply aware of the fact that in the manufacture of those hellish compounds called “%uonf ’ the art of mak ing something out of nothing is curried to as high a decree of perfection ns Is consist ent with the limitation of our finite nature, and of the mundane machinery of this llttlu planet. How much It soM for Is, however, enveloped in no mystery whatever. It sold for enough to bring Mr. Crosby a large for tune In currency, If not a solid one In gold. Hut it did not sell for enough (and hero was the rub) to pav for an opera house costing from lour hundred to five hundred thousand dollars. But Mr. Crosby, holug an exceed ingly enterprising young man, and withal not destitute of public spirit, mutt have an opera house. Ho the opera house was built —u beautiful edifice, and not without Us benefits. But tlie whiskey was uot'strong enough to finish It. Indeed, the whiskey served the opera house much as it dues Its human votaries. It stimulated the enter prise into a most brilliant development for u while, but at last left It nerveless and flac cid, with a mortgage blistering Us aching head, and multitudinous attachments cover ing Its shiii’klng flanks. But in this collapse Mr. Crosby’s creative genius did not rail him. “Humclbhig out of nothing”—the glorious motto of nit liquordom—was still Imerlbed «u Ills banner. Another sllmulaut was needed, and so the lottery came In to sup plement the whiskey—ami the result ts be* fare us I Uls not necessary to give the fig* tires. The purchasers oftickots, both ssluts and sinners, have in the days of their hope, used up too much valuable property lu load* pencils In calculating the ration of 1 orb or 10, os the ease might be, to 210,000, to need any him now. In the time of thrfr despair, to multiply 210,1)00 by 5, and so ascertain how far their loss has been another’s gain. This morn* lug, us I am Informed by a rosttcct- Able physician, who ought to know, the town Is In an arithmetical fever over this benevolent problem, go ter* rlbly, indeed, docs the Uisu.tse rage that many of the very people, some of them con* seleniums (I) church*mcml>or». who last week were lauding this particular lottery as the latest blossom of Christian lore, inasmuch as It was to bring too healing of innumerable paper dollars to the broken back of a public benefactor, are this morning with a strange Scrvcrslty, seeking In every direction for ovl ences ol fraud. Instead of rejoicing over the success of Mr. Crosby, they are hinting, In suppressed whispers, that the lute object of their tender solicitude has not only realized something more than a mil lion in the sale of tickets, and drawn as the papers report the second prize—Blerstudt’a $20,000 picture—but that ho has also drawn, la the name of some mythical personage, the Opera Jfowe iUetf. All this may very well be, since twenty-five thousand tickets remained unsold to the credit of the proprietor In the drawing. But theinlcrcstlng point is, that these benevolent persons, wbo so thoroughly satisfied their consciences when buying tickets with the Slea that a great public benefactor ought to c rewarded, seem, now that they have drawn blanks, to regard his success a crime, and to be ready, upon the slightest evidence, to brand “/roud ” both upon the scheme and the schemer. In some aspects of the case It would be ; well if such should prove to be the result: if this lottery could momughly disgust the public by open and barc-faced swindling, os other lotteries do. much less evil woulu re* suit than Is now likely to d9*v from it. But there is probably not the least foundation for the thousand aud one rumors which fill the air this morning. It will undoubtedly ap. pear that Mr. Crosby has done all he agreed to do, and has kept all bis promises to the public. There will he little or nothing to condemn but the lottery itself. In this case, gambling casts off all its repulsive accesso ries, as tnc theatre, the opera, aud toe dance arc frequently made to do; and in this form, : “ pure and simple,” it will go forth to its work of demoralization and destruction. Gambling is, in one of Its aspects, the at* tempt to gam a valuable consideration with* out rendering an equivalent, either la the form of property, labor or skill. It has this element in common with theft, burglary, fraud, forgery aud other kindred crimes. If any distinction can be made out which dis tinguishes “speculation” from legitimate business, it Is probably at the same point. The speculator seeks to get money from the commonlty from a very inadequate compen sation, or none at all. The merchant ex* pects to render a return of service for bis profits, which shall approximate at least to their real valuer The law of trade or ex change ls*'a legitimate deduction from the “golden rule,” aud is manifestly a law of God. Every scheme of profit which violates this law is a crime in the sight of God, aud iu Its most flagrant form (s a violation of human law as well. Gambling, In another of 'lts aspects, Is the appeal to chance for the purpose of gaining the property of another without an equiva lent. This mode of stealing—for it deserves no better name—or more properly, of gam bling. Is known to have a wonderful fascina tion for the human mind. God bos given man, lor the best of purposes, hopefulness, enterprise, and a love of risk, which, especially in youth, arc very strong. These qualities can very easily be perverted into i taste for appeals to chance. It is not only a taste easily aruuscd.bul one which is not easily eradicated. The raging, uncontrolla ble appetite of the drunkard Is the only lust to which It is comparable for strength and permanence. Now. what has Mr. Crosby dono in this ease? lie offered to the public prizes, which, In addition to his cxpcnscs.-aro variously es timated as costing him from |JOO,OUO to KOO.OOO. In return ho Issues tickets to the number of SIO.OOO, at W apiece, of which ail hut about 83,000 arc believed to have been sold. That Is, he induces the public to giro him a million tor that which cost him half a million. It is true ho has not dona It by lorcc.for that would make him a robber 5 nor by deception, lor that would make him a knave. But he has nevertheless violated a great law of right, which violation Is a chief element In the crimes which have consigned many men to the State prison. Nor Is this all. Ilu has accomplished this purpose by Inducing the purchasers of his tickets to attempt a similar crime. Every man who psU five dollars for a ticket In that lottery aimed to become the owner of the Opera House at the expense of his fellow ticket-holders. Ho hoped, if not prayed (It is not probable that the most godly of those gamblers ventuiod upon such an act ofblss* phemy), that a million, as the case may be. wouldtose, that ho might gain. He hoped I to become rich at their expense, and without rendering them any valuable consideration whatever. Even this is not the worst of It. That ter rible passion, which Is one of the scourges of human society, which is preparing Its tens of thousands yearly in the “hells” of earth for tbo hell of eternity, which Is turn ing all our great commercial ccutros Into “dens of thieves,” which often compels this whole nation to p»jr ftir Ilia n *f ® Hid from fifty to mm hundrou por coin nltnvo (liolr rtm) y«liio-tliAl Mind vonlurw. for «»* tutAled In »f mlmji j 1 never exlslml tHforo, and hm heeii hilhiu* luted Into A fiMiimlrminKruwlli inilmij nriw'; MiMidMimru. Tim amiiim In UiN idly «»i» tlm day of Urn dinning, and on Uni lUy Imlim* Inji, «n Iheynfo tkmerlhnd. wit Alinitld aiiii nn»« would Imvd lllluil Itio mind of llm imthnr «r thin Aulninn with rn«r*l and r«« innrHU that Im Miould have hml M« remark' ulilii uldllly mid milerjnUrt In Hindi ii work of wldo-Miiend duniurulir.ulloi). lint allll nuirfl sFnuld we NiittnoßU Dial nvpry ITofus-uid. lul- Inwrr of Christ who lioa alilml mid nbnUeil lids vast sidieniu of Iniquity would hml Hint 1,0 MM Injured Urn Muster ho prnfoiaoil In tnvo, and hdrnycid the catlso In wliluli ho had sworn nlMgiHiifo. It Will require many Innu years ni Christian toll In runt mil Um •nrun which this ri'incvtablu Inllury and Its resiieclahtn and Christian imUoiishavoeiiwu. (jliicAuo, dm tint/ vi. iwrf. (JUUAT llltlTAtS. g<fktes ul Hie OimitliiK nf hiilleti lleee|illoii of-llio Olirer Air tloynliyr hut liUiid Cries the llelenn. „ , [London Despatch (Pehnimy fl) to the Now VopU Queen VtetnriAOiened Thu ndjonrned au4> stun t the ilrltlsh ('arlliiniont In tmisnn ftl two o'clock this mteriMon, her Majesty «n* ini/In H'ttlelnmi lliMhlnylmm Pithu'o to the linns* of Lords In order to rend hop Mpeenl) tiom iho throne «m Um neeeshm, , A eohl nml dn-Ary inornlng nshured in a tnlny, henvy day, And tha pojmlAP hellm nr superslUlnn tlml such rovnl pAuonnU nre aimclully favored with lino wertthnr, nr "Queen** wenthi r" ns they term It, utterly failed of rosllzntlon In this Instance. Tlje Queen arrived at Uncklngham Palace froih \\Tndsor at oluven o’clock in the morn* ing. Shu woa met hy the Cabinet ministers and Great ofllcers of .State, the heralds, pur* solvents and other functionaries, when the proccshlon was formed. The procession left Itucklngham Palace at one o'clock In the afternoon. There wus ft fine display of mill' tury, but the plumes of the s.ddiers were draLruled, and their uniforms rendered dull with heavy sparkles of rain. There were large numbers, crowds of people out. but they were almost hidden under a forest of expanded umbrellas. There was no enthusiasm among them ; there was no cheer as the Queen drove up to West* minster Hall or when she alighted, and no cheers Mr the Prince of Wales. The military hand played the ulr 44 God Save the Queen,” in really Hue style ; but the music appeared to tall on what may be termed sullen cars, for the people mode no response. On reaching the Parliament the scene In the House ol Lords was nmentUcent. The nobility, including the peers, their wives and dignitaries of the Church, were present in gorgeous costumes and robes. The peer* eescs and other ladies were in full dress, their costumes glittering with diamonds and many of them, entitled by rank, with coronets on their heads. They wore cloaks of ermine. Queen Victoria, who was superbly robed, wus duly announced t»y the heralds, ami was received on enteriug the House by the vast audieiicc rising to their feet. Her Malesiy ascended the throne, the Premier of Eng land, the Lord Chancellor and other oQlcers of the Crown taking their proper position near her. The members of the House of Commons having been duly summoned, a large number tbe honorable gentlemen attended at the bar of tbe House ol Lords. When silence was obtained the Queen rose and read her speech in a clear and firm tone of voice. At the conclusion of tbe speech the session of Parliament was declared duly opened, and the royal eorUge t having reformed, re turned to Buckingham Palace. Tim scene at the return was even, if possible, more dismal than that on tbe approach. Every body in the crowd was thoroughly soaked witli the rain. As the procession passed along • the Queen was greeted with cries of “ Reform !” “ Reform !” Tbe people choired and made fun of the police and soldiery. There was not a chccr given. The police behaved wlrh very great forbearance and mildness, or trouble would have ensued, as the Urge crowds which were turned out were evidently ripe lor mischief. There was a general prediction uttered that the present Is the last I’arlUment which Queen Victoria will open In person. There ate great preparations being made here tor a grand reform demonstration on the lit h Inst. The people assert that they will on that day show her Majesty the Queen a procession worth seeing. The bitterness ol the popular fueling toward the Cabinet, and even Crown, is undisguised. There are placards postcd'iu every street saving that *’ men without votes are serfs.” Even the personal regard entertained for Queen Victoria is In danger of being overshadowed by the furor of reform. The Queen lias resolved to appear In public more frequently. A series of royal recep tions, to lake _placc at the Palace, com menced to-day. The Stuart* and iho Brcroortn. [Prom the New York Evening OareUc.l Two opulent families of this city began life la a humble wav. The success, says a correspondent, of tne Stuarts Is one of the iustnnccs of great results arising from little beginnings. It Is sixty years since a Scotch emigrant named Klnloch Stuart landed In New York and located in the miner pari of the city, where the wife and mother opened a enndy shop. Mrs. Stuart got In good re pute among children—who uro always the treat Judges in such matters—by the liberal ity of her pennyworths of coiiicctloncry,nud ns a consequence the shop thrived. One of those very children, now older than cither of the present Stuarts, describes a quiet roitd uml u dilapidated bouse where the glide wife dispensed licr little stock of dainties, aided by two Hi He boys who weighed out taffy ami peanut candy. Sixty years have passed—the nnlot road Is a roaring street—the shabby shot) is turned into a refinery seven stories hiuh,nml covering an entire block, while the little (ally boys are lords of millions. Speak ing of Kinloch Stuart wo may remark that several great estates were In Inception at the same time. At tire dntc wo refer to, John Jacob Aator, Peter (I. Liqlllurd, und Stephen Whitney, wore battling with tho world, and each of limn nccuniuluiml princely fortunes. At the ratno time n mnrhot farntor, named Ilrovoort, won supplying t tic city with rctrclable*, tittle dreaming that his farm would one day he converted Into building loin, and that each lot would bo wort h more than tho coat of hta entire estate, Such wua tho origin of tho Ihcvoortv, a fondly no often mentioned In connection with Irving, and who are now among the n«Mc*»r of tho city. Tim lire* voorl farm wua a favorite report for New York youth In those primitive days—nmv It la the iMolf of tho Union square and vicinity, while New York haa extended (Wo mllua bo vend It. Could any ono heboid the men wo nave mentioned grouped together he would hardly connect tlrelr tmmea with wealth, hut from their humble beginning sprang the princely realities of the present day. To re* tmn to the Stuarts, we may say that they arc Elaln men, of rather nleblan appearance, earing oil tire marks or their unostentatious origin. They arc open-bunded and generous, and have given away enormous sums, while at the same time they arc dose calculators and rigid and relentless in the collection of their accounts. Hop Culture in Wisconsin* [Hiibourn City Correspondence of the Milwaukee Sentinel.] The getting ont of hop poles is becoming an important business, lucre Is now, since the fall of snow, a grand rally to supply the growing demand. Those -with teams, and unable to pay speculators from SGO to S7O per thousand, arc rushing for the swamps and wilt supply themselves. There are large tamarack swamps on both sides of the St. Paul and Minnesota Rail road track, between Tomah and Lisbon. These poles are mostly transported by rail. Ot the other large swamps, one covering large tracts, in the vicinity of the head wa ters of Yellow River, is the most prominent. Some portions of this swamp extend to with in a few miles of Point Bass and Grand Rapids, from which point poles can be transported by the way of the river to with in a convenient distance. The poles will have to be drawn from five to eight miles, but the inconvenience will be counterbalanced by the advantage of being able to raft and run them to their place of destination in the spring, in time for use. As tbe swamp, at various places, touches close upon the banks of Yellow River and its tributaries, it.would be ranch easier to pro cure the poles by the way of this river were it not for the log-drives. In tbe spring, which would so obstruct the running that the poles would not reach tbeir destination, till (in most cases) the middle of tbe sum mer. There is a fine swamp on the northern bunk and near the month of the Lemon wier; and also another within four miles directly hack from the southern bank of the Wiscon sin, In the vicinity of Lisbon. Tamarack poles arc the lightest and most durable; but where they cannot be conveniently obtained oak poles arc used. The greaternnmber of hop'yards of Sauk County are so distant from tamarack swamps that oak poles, (which grow abund antly In most localities) are mainly nsed, and where poles cannot be got without too great a cost, twine Is used, ao that one pole to a hill will suffice. It appears that nearly every man with any means, and some without any, are pro* paring to set out a bop yard the ensuing spring, to the neglect of other crops, as though hops were the bread otTlfr. As there arc plenty of hop roots, (and they arc going to bo cheap from all appear* tnces.) It may be safely estimated that tbo number of new yards to be set out in tbo spring will more than doable the present area of hop grounds in tbo State. Tilt Artificial Propagation of Pl«h* [From the Montreal Gazette, Fehmiry 4.] This Is a subject which U attracting alien* lion iu Canada, no Icm than la many other parts of the world, at tho present time. No* tlccs have occasionally appeared in our columna of efforts made In dif ferent parts of tho Province to pro. mote the ortlflclal protwgatlon of fish, and wc now find In the Glot* an ac count of tho experiments of Mr. 8. Wllmol, of Newcastle, Canada West. This gcnltu* man. It appears, has glvon much attention to the subject, and has met with very an* cotirsglng success. Mr. Wllmat obtained permission to capture tho salmon In the fall of the yrsr, when they are out of season, and took some of tho fish In a small stream In Iho township of Clark, known as Wllmot’a Creek, which empties Into Lako Ontario. Thu ova of four female salmon were sue. ccsslnlly hatched, and from those between 20,000 and 20,000 young salmon worerfb* tallied, being kept in ainall boxes In air. Wllmot's house. Thu feasibility of propa* gating salmon a thousand miles inland from tho sea being established by these export* meats, Mr. Wllmot believes tho means are wttbm our reach of replenishing our lakes and rivers to almost any extent. It is cstl* mated that if tho ova of one salmon wore hatched, the progeny would equal the whole number of salmon In tbo Hirer Tay In Scot* land. In the natural progress of propogs. tlon, however, not more than one in 5.000 ova are hatched or come to maturity, but by the artificial method nearly all the ova can bo brought lo perfection, and tho mar* vcllous prolific capacity ot tho fish thus be turned lo good account. The subjobt Is a very Important one, and will, no doubt, at tract the attention ot the Government. NEWS BY TELEGRAPH. FROM OUR SUNDAY EDITION. FROM KUItOI'H. IIV OiIRAN TICIiIKJIIAI’II, oinißAU)! in ammnr with tm« oubtans, l.oNium. Febnmy it, A latter from Garibaldi la tiubllsbad In Van- Ice to day, eiyroulDß lympalliy with Uio Uni tana. TUI run mu. ii-rut, run Uu to nn oatiiii. uo rowniut. l-iltu, rolniluff «■ M l« listed llul (In t-opa will toon imlio no appcit lo Uio CiLli'illo IMwen to nunliln lilm, TUtiKuii nournn to itaou.tr nimvtA. I’aiiKi t'nliru.ir l*. All tiiiilninlniiilltii) bn* linro cuun nl li/ wliii.li me TutuliU roteen »e lo eyteuale Be,. Hi. potmternttNo nom MAnniAoji, PhtiHENCH, toimiHiy y.-lluiubßfi, Crown I’ltnee of Hal/, will soon marry an ArcMDticlies* ulAuiirla. ATIAMfIII ABHIVAD. Qi’hdutown, IMiininry n.-ttronmohlp Aala, from Domoiii anlved to»dAjq I,Meat rorrlgti fflnrkotA. Vabruary tf»ftoon, Camel*, At i l« i IMllo-l AUM 6-SC*, 71 »-14 i Krl#, W\ UllcoU Cunlml,Ml. • hrvsnroof, Ffhrnary 0-Noon. Coium opeti itrorur, Prtcea unohangoil. FabroaryO-Bvaninir. Cctun—Market clo»o# nnuer. Bale* ruacliaa lialca. Mlililllox upland* quoted atllHd. lUcacituifa-tiieaJy vlihoal etianzo. Coro—Mlied Wei Urn, 4m. Lard—Declined 1* per 100 at. Bale* at sa. Deef-Demand brtak. Bales of prime tools mess at I2ts pertltrce. FROM. WASHINGTON. [Special Despatch (o the Chicago Tribanc.J WisuraoTOJt, February 0. Bxorroto debatz in tub nonas. The debate in tbe House this afternoon, between Governor Boutwell and Mr. Raymond, was very earnest and held tbe closest attention of every body. Tbe members tried to trap tbe Governor into some bint as to tbo progress of the impeach ment inquiry, but none succeeded. He spoke of tbe rebellion as still existing, and charged that Us acts of wrong and oppression are inspired by tbo President This remark caused much sensation. Mr. Raymond, on tbe ether hand, conveyed the idee. cauUoueiy bat unmistakably, that the Pres ident Is about to abandon his hostile attitude, and will make a long advance for the sake of harmo ny with Congress and the conntry. TAutrr ntru The Ways and Means Committee have'formally taken np the Tariff Dili, and heard a delegation this morning of persona Interested in the Pacific Railroad. • TOE JOnSBOK-SWAJTW rAUTKEUSmP. Fame Democratic and Consorva'lvcJoarnais arc trying to make capital of the fact that Governor Swann bas sent a message to the Maryland Legis lattne staling tbat no correspondence bad passed between the President of the United States and bimeelf, in regard to the mnnlclpal election in Ihmimore, or tbe removal of the Police Commis sioners. Tbe fact is, that no one ever supposed tbat wlrtten correspondence had taken place be tween these officials, for Swann came over here every other day from the beginning to the end of tbe Baltimore troubles. What took place In bis iuttrvicws .rith the President the Judiciary Com mittee of the House will be likely to show In Its report on the Impeachment Inquiry. BOSTON COLLECTOUSUtP. The President has appointed George Bancrolt, the historian. Collector at Boston, e ice General Coocb. not confirmed. The appointment bas oc casioned some surprise. NATIONAL BANS OCBHENCT. National Bank' currency to the amount of f2fu.730 was issued dating the week, making the total sum to date, less amount redeemed, e£9tj,770,2M. TREASURY DISBCUSEMENTS. The disbursements on account of the several named departments oaring the week were as follows: War, $2,353,903; Navy; {-110,713 ; In terior, {310,763. Massachusetts wan claims. Washington, February a.—The Senate has con tinued Daniel L. Collier, of Philadelphia, and Isaac A. Vcrplanck, of Buffalo. to examine into claims of Massachusetts for moneys expended during the war for coast defence. mr. rsanonr complimented. President Johnson called on George Peabody to-day as a private cilir.cn, and In conversation pa 0 (be latter n high compliment for his munifi cent gift to the educations! Interests of the South. Mr. Peabody, in allusion to Fngiamf, said thcio was now a mote IncndJy fcelmg to ward* the United slates by the people and Gov ernment of that country than ever bctorc. RCI’AIIIS ON THE EXECUTIVE MANSION. The Executive Mansion has been thoroughly renovated at a cost of $10,600. ITie new carpels and curtains were specially Imported from ling land. provincial lobbyists. WAsniNOTON, February 9.—There is a tremen dous Canadian ami Nova Scotian lobby at work with the Ways amfMcau# Committee to get a re ducilou on agricultural pioilucts, building stone and coal—ln effect to restore the Reciprocity Tualy. ‘ COST OF AJIMT SttTLICS IN THE BOCKT MOUNTAIN 11EOION8. Washington, February 6.—A communication from the SectcUry of War gives details ot the enormous expense of supplies delivered la the Rocky Mountain region t llay fiVMKiftUU.tX) per ton; corn bif cents per pound, Ac. riiOTECTION or THE OVEULAND MAIL. Another communication slates, on Ui-’authorlty of General Giant, that no such order.** is report ed was issued by General bbennaa for Iho pro tee lion of tm-overland trnlus,bas been received at headquarters. A copy of the. Senate resolution relative Iheielo has been referred to General Sher man for a report. CONGRESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS. Wasrinoton. February t>. BKNATK. Mr. YATES presented the petition of a widow of one of the tmn killed in (no New Orleans rlafc for pension. and he oXj»ro«sed n hope Mint every •ufirrer by Hint horrible mas*ncre would bo eared for by the Govortmtenlof hie United States. The petition was referred to the foimaittoo on Tensions. Mr. DIXON naked to correct an error in trans* miUlrg'ble promised conalitiiUonal a mnndtuctil 10 Uiu press. The second sentence of the tint no:- hull was omitted. The lection reads as follow* j '• Tno Union under the Conrtituilun •hall bo per* netual No Kiam shall pas* any law or ordinance to srrado or withdraw irom tno Union, and any •uch law or ordlnnuco -hall be null mid void.'* The bill to rminly deficiencies in the contlutteut expense of the llonsc pissed. Mr. HtIKKMAN oUbrrd a rcaolntlon of Inquiry a* to hie expediency of funsfcrrlng il>c publicu* lion of Urn Drlm'ea ofConoress to the Govern mint priming office, or letting the contract ont to (be lowest bidder. Mr. UKK»WELL objected, and tho rcaolutlon gov* over. Mr. TRUMBULL ottered a resolution calling on the Hccretary of War lor a copy or General Schofield's report on the improvement of Uoclc Ulanrt Rapids. Adopted. Mr. CHANDLER offered a reaolntion that the Committee on the Judiciary inquire whether Andrew Johnson bad any legal or constitu tional power to appoint provisional Governors in rebellion- Slater. Mr JOHNSON objected, and It goes over. A bill parsed authorising towns and cities on public lai ds in California and Nevada, not sub ject to entry at the time of settlement, to enter their cities at the minimum price, $1,25. An amendment was adopted excepting the mlll’arv reservations The hill passed. Ihe League Island Navy Depot BUI was post poned HI) Monday. Mr. WILSON gave notice that he wonld ask on Monday the consideration of tho Military Bill from ibat committee. ■ A vote was taken on the motion to reconsider the vole rejecting the Bankrupt Bill. Yeas, 22; naye.H. Farther consideration of the subject was then postponed. District of Colombia bills were considered, and several pa-red. Mr. WILSON introduced a bill to restore the jurisdiction of Indian aSair* to the War Depart ment on the Ist of July. Referred to the Mihtiry Committee. ' The bill to Increase tbe pay of army officers was recommitted to the Mlllia-v Committee. The Senate went Into Executive session. The doors were soon opened for legislative business. Mr. RAMSEY called np the bill to amend tbe Sostal laws, which was pa-sed, and goes to the fonse. It modifies the existing schedule of charges for postal money orders, authorises a reissue of lost once, poulsbes coanterfelttag- thereof, au thorizes the appointment of Superintendents of foreign malls and dead letters, <tc. Tbe Clerk ol the House announced the proceed ings of that body relative to the death of Mr. Grider. Mr. DAVIS delivered a eulogy. Resolutions of respect were ptased. 'Adjourned. HOUSE. Mr. Stevens’ Reconstruction BUI waa consid ered. Mr. BANKS spoke in opposition. Mr. ASHtKY called np tbe veto of the Nebraska Bill, which was read, and the bill passed over the veto—l2o to 44—and .proclaimed a law by the Speaker. Tbe Honse resumed consideration of the Re construction bill. Mr. RAYMOND snggested Its reference to a special committee. This caused quite a spirited discussion, bat tbe proposition not being made formally, came to nothing. Mr. MBI.ACK spoke against the kill. Mr. HISC announced the death of Mr.Gnder, oi Kentucky, which occurred during the recess. Tbe House, In respect, adjourned. THE STATE LEGISLATURES. WISCONSIN* [Special Despatch to tbo Chicago Tribane.) Uaduoh. Wisconsin, February 9. SENATE, rnocnmraos ramar rrcaiao. A resolution was adopted requiring lbs State Treasurer to communicate to the Senate what counties had neglected to pay the State tax of 1963 and ISC6. A memorial to Consresa looking to the con* Lccltng oy Dirigible channels of the Fox, Wia* cooslo, hock atid Mississippi rivers with Lake Michigan, was adopted. The bill to print a pamphlet In several lin* images, lo show off the Blato at the Farts Exposi tion, was killed. satcuoat’s pDoextnotos. Dills were introduced providing that chapter eighty eight, of the laws oMWo. relating to tbs election of officers of corporations shall not apply to any railroad corporation. In the charier of which were, at the time said chapter eighty-eight was passed, provlMoos regulating the rights onto stockholders In regard lo voting at elections of officers and directors; also to regulate Iho foes and prescribe the duties of Clerk of the Circuit of tho i ourt Dills were passed making copies from records in tho Adjuirt (Jonsral's office, and cor* MOcsirs of transfer* of the United Hlutos liudsnr-d Huts lands evidence lo certain esses{ ■l*o bills amhomlug Uie S ato Treasu'ortoseitlo with Insolvent Hank*, and tho stockholders ami bond boldors thereof ( also a hill providing forms dl*UlPttilou of five lhou<and copies of ir»«* re* port of the fiuperlntondent ot Public Instruction, ana about a doaen local bills. •*« ■"««». HUWIH tl’Vttl Ulll.l bevoral Assembly hills, local lo character, were concurred to. w „ A coramunlcallon was received from the fiovsr* nor transmitting resolutions ol lesnect snd condo* tence. psned by the clilxen* of luberla, on learn* log ol ibb drain ol Abraham llauson,of this titate, lato United autos Consul to> Mbeila. A*HKMUI,Y. yiiocainmos raniiuAUT 9. Dills were Iclroctncrd to repeal sections 1 and 9 of chapter 64, Devised Mantles, relating to anc* tioncers; to provide for cnfmrtng Jodgmonis against corporations In esse of default, fai emend the law ifistlDg lo i swamp lands, reducing the price ol such Uuds lo Wood and Jtuuau conulloa to fifty curt* pit aero. ... Toe Rcnatc hlll In relation lo records and doca* tofotary evidence wss concurred 10. WlIIo in Cotnmhio of the Whole the bill to rc* ncal chapter 116 of the laws of 18W, authorising counties and town* loaidlbe Mineral Polo.Unit* road, was ordered reported back with a cccom* mcudstlou of indcßnito postponement. Tne hid amemtlng chapter 114, UcrlicdSlalalci, relative to Jurors, waa tabled. tilr f 0 "» u Mr. Ilsst'lilho *litii)i.w t.i. , , ' ‘;*|nil»ln« »r I'olimt.i<7|J?,'"/'dtH'm farm did tmt itdeiijl (o ihi»r»pjb»«hV l, w 1 ••Isii-i eilinr jo sriMt Inu I - Uilf.n.V.- 11 i't* " r iMvhl U nliisinsn niiJlr litJ ß life 1 . "I •him sin I. h III- si« n.iuhlHreo A | " f u"«*.i u ""I v*n*tl\ bill, 1 «»4 '•oilirnlljats another ihliiiuh i.ri, . moutN HU tniiu hut wMh-f. °' ,w ‘*l «»e|. nidllinAN. [Nlitclll lloipalch In Urn I'l.irTiH.nn. | ti,. Kiuniicm. ((nmtiur'. t.lu-io lu W). * Ills A.iililulmu KMiilrw',l li, . {llultllllß Ul lllljtl.l cll.cili„in„i|, ll , M.S*,'?™: MI.IIKM Ilf 111. Mlrlilß.li Piiullip'R i'll,, ’I lls nplllllltlloi! 11l M||||||,.p,| „ • li' jut,.l., ti ii. iiiown. iiniii,, m,;;,” niNMtNin-A. (Hlietlnl Ilr-In'rli In Hi. .*hke U .i'rtiljun.. | 'the Dill/ Hem nn'iil m £ •y wen Hie HuiblliilH' po>i|..,i,J| I|B .. * lloiine urild. Ilivniri. Hill. »l,i.'i, i, , ?• Ujle, li nll.meil W^'iiVlllflSSjjjjJ KANHAN. Topaka, Ksn , frbniAry w.-Tltu Hum# tlm lull to orusnlna »l* rrrnuvbU or *i2-“ ,te.? tour of cavalry amt two of InhiiUv mm ,1: ' 4 * imlilii. M Dull, Hrllllur., ""■’'•"(••W 'l'd. Ilona. Mil ruaulutlon lo moan, tha liulon lo airlto om in. non) nil,," id bo aa lo allow elorlors m vru# In f 4V ,,. n i. h ‘ (OB OQt ttie won!omlonl.o to mass ,’w.V gonce tha haul* or mfiraco aher mtj m ’ The Uoutu proba'ilr will not coi.cur. FliOll hT. toUIS. Cold Weatlier—Tho lUbcl, Prin-, sad LU Hyiiipalhlzura-Prugruiuuie f or Hie Coming Cuiumerclnl i)ouv,>niio n - Survey* Tortile Hock laluud auU tlin. ton Urldgea. [Special Despatch to (he Chicago Tnbane.j BT. Loeis, Ft-bruaryS. The weather has changed forty dcgnc-i aioce yesterday morning. To>nlghithe mercery otaads at nine dcgieca above zero. NavigatlouuhoTe Is anspended. Sterling Price baa left the Southern Il.tel for private quarters. Sccesaloalsts ate u-i.,g extra exeltiou-, to raise him a competency. Ijii health Is poor. Fred. Douglass left here Ibis morning tor Illi nois. He was Invited to Jefferson City to lecture by many members of the Legislature. A bill prohibiting gift enterprise*, tor any pdf pose, Is now pending before th- Legislature Tbe Commercial convention, lo couimecce oa Tnesday, promises to be a greatsncccss. Several hundred oelcgitcs will bo in attendance, and tne committees have made extensive preparations fir their reception. Tbe programme embraces sev ers! exenteiona in tbo vicinity. Fnllsnmys of the Bock Island and Clinton bridges have been procured, and it U designed to suggest some improvements, to overcome objec tions to bridges aa impediments to navigation. FROM KACINE, New Republican Newspaper to bo Started—Brutal A*Haull, [Special Despatch to the Chicago rribune.l Racine, Wis.. February «. A daily pacer Is to be published here, (he drat Dumber of which will be Issued Monday rooming under the auspices of the Daily Herald. It will be a six column paper. Radical Republican in politics, containing (bo latest pru*s reports by telegraph, Ac. Its editorial department L» under the management ot Captain A U. W’eissert, long ana favorably known among the printing frater nity, and wbo was wounded in the battle ot Nash ville, brcvelted Captain by Gov. Fairchild, and appointed a West Point Cadet by PrcMdtnt Lin coln dnrlrg the last mouths of the President's life." but was obliged to de iine on account of his woui.de. We bespeak a hearty support for the enterprise. A mao named Spencer was last evening made the victim of a brutal and unprovoked a-«ault, irom the effects of which it fa doubtful If ho re covers. It scums that Mr. Spencer, together with two of hia sous, was drawing a band sled across the Fourth struct bridge, when three young men demanded a ride, and fmmedlste.y jumped on the sled. Unc of the Spencer boys told theratoirri ou, as they were in baste, whereat one of the roughs jumped up and struck him, and another drew a olrk and stabbed Mr. Spencer in tne back, imlictn g a dangerous and probabN fatal wound. No arrests have been made, as yet. though the names arc known to the authorities, and their ap prehension Is certain. FIiOSI MADISON. The Weather, (Special Dispatch to the Chicago Trlbno.] Madison, Wis.. February 0. The weather has turned suddenly cold last I'igbltlbe thermometer marking fen degree- below xcio at 7 o’clock ibis morning, four below at noon, and at rero at sundown. The Governor has reappointed Messrs. A. □. Parties, C. D. Long and 11. Latham, Trustee'* of the Institute for tuo Deaf and Dumb lor three years. As usual the adjournment of the Assembly to Muniay evening was preceded tbU noon by a sharp contest, and call of the House. The S-t --niii.oi Arms was sent lor some of the absentees ust before the (rain left. 1 he Senate adjourned to Monday evening. FKOM NEW YOUK. Fenian f.Ulgntlon—The Liquor Dealers’ Trouble*—Chicago rrimi lC«>bberl of a Large Hum of money—Food fur Dealt* lute SoiuUonil’eople— Humored Death of Krtchiitn, the forger. New Your. February o.—Patrick O'Rimrke. formeriy Treasurer ol the Roberts Fenian*, Ins ItißlUnted legal procccd'ogs against (be Director ofllio Stephens branch lor (hu rocuvurr of ci-Ii clucks made and liable to his oidoi, which It it alleged, were sent by iinrilc* who thought U'Huurko was Treasurer of (ho O’Muhony branch, n position which hu teiigued at the time of Rob erts’ detection. A t**»i case, before Jnrllro Connolly. In which two policemen ate charged with assiiili ami bat tery whilst arresting a liquor dealer, 1* creating considerable excitement. Tho prisoner*, iK-vlin lug to give bail, wore committed y> atorday. but subsequently released on ncaguhumr. Mipur* IntetidctJl Kennedy ban nrd*reu that i.o porsiiM mider meat betaken before Justice Cotinol r hi fmuro. A gentleman from Chicago, named ,M. M, f.ar cany, war robbed of IB,IMJ on one ot trio llnunl way cars. near Twenty-second struct, on Tbm** oily nigbi. The thief waa captured, but only a small portion of tho money was found uu Us per aon. K*w You*, February 0 —The rumors tint tin* Heberts Fcmnns are rolling arms an mtroitml TbuHonthern Relief Commission haa c"l<<«:p*d lil.wi, Orders have been given f»r the purcti ho of xo.tw o hu ot coni,ii,oui bit ol which goc« to AU b-tma, ft,bun to Georgia . fi.uno.eadi to NoGu sod HoulhCurollna, all to be supplied horn the Ast ern market, except that to Not tu Carolina, frail.- portatlon will bo true. General Hinrman dine* tide evening with tho Union club, and goe» on Monday, liayard Tayior auilid to-day for Europe. Rumor sat* that Edward Iteicbnm. the forger, was kdli d by an explosion at king Ring. to-day. In Jersey iit>, to-day, tana men were .evorely burned ai a Are by the explosion ol a cun uf kerosene oil. FKOJU SAN FK AN CISCO. Arrivals and Clearances—DUtllery and oilier BoUdinei Onrgcd-Spccio Milih menli. 'Saw Fiukcisco; Cal., February o.—The steamer Idaho, one hundred and eleven daya from Bath, Maine, arrived hut night. The follow- Tcarcla, Jad-ucd with wheal, railed yesterday: Ship Mannlon, for Cork: Vlseala, Bodah'ddao and Western Empire, for Liverpool. A fire last night destroyed a distillery and three or four tenements on the corner of Townsend and King streets. The Golden Age, for Panama, sailed to-day. She carries f9oo,fo’O, two hundred and nineteen thousand of which la for Now York; al-o, 5.5J0 barrels of flour. H allroad Accident, lomsynxx, Feb. 9.—The passenger train leav ing Nashville at soon for Louisville, accidentally van off the track near Franklin, Kentucky, one passenger and one baggage car were thro-to down the embankment and broken to pieces. Very passer-gera were hart, but not seriously. The conductor, baggagemaater and brakesman were badly hurt. FBOM CINCINNATI. Xlic Bttghni murder—Fatal Accident— li allroad Project, Ac. CißCcfnan, February 9 —The murder of Mr. James Hashes, details of which were telegr ipbcd yesterday, excites a great sensaiioc here. No trace of the assassin has been obtained. The murdered man was highly respected, and leaves an interesting family. A young man named Charles Hardag was fatally injnicd. yesterday, by falling down a hatchway in the Daily Enquirer office, while romping with a dog. The new short line railroad from this city to Dayton. 0., has been contracted for, and will be completed by next December. When this link Is finbned, through trains will be ran to New York, rla banatuUj and the New York Central. The small pox prevails to an alarming extent throoghonctne Bine Grass region of Kentucky. The weather is cold again, with two inches of snow on the ground, and still falling. FltOM LOUISVILLE* Sale of a Wrecked Steamer— Wnrblo Boat of Lincoln to be Inaugurated— The Weather* Locisviilx, February 9.— Tbe aleamer Argo aant,recently wrecked,has been raised and aolil at Miction at $4,000. Henry's niaible boat of Lincoln win be Inangn raled at noon on Iho 13th. at the Academy of Music, Governor Dramlelte la expected to pro aide. The enlogy will be by ex-Atiornev General Speed. A letter la Just received Horn President Johnson declining to attend in consequence of the pressure ol public bnslness, bat expresses the warmest sympathy with those who render this Just tribute to the memory of a great and Rood man. One ton of pig lead, the first production of Iho Franklhi Company, was received here to-day. Heavy snow—four inches. Weather cold. Death Warrant loaned. PmLASZLrntA, February l>— Oorernor Geary has issued a waiiaut for the execution of Alexan* derli.B. Wiley, ol Lnzercc County, lor Friday. Starch IS. Wiley was convicted of the murder of Alice McElwel last May. Arrcal ofsafe Hoblicm. PmtADCU’nii. February D.-A despatch. from Pittsburgh announces the of thrw raco. suspected of committing the heavy robbery at tho DancasLon Iron W'orks. Weather and llaaluem at Mew Orleans. Nbw Oumavs, February 0.-Weather clear, with a cold wind.. Mercury 13. Business on the liuUlrg active. ■» is »sm*l °n Halurday. IHislnesw la ineniphU. MtMrnts. February V.-Duslncs* is almost sus* pemlcd by the heavy snow. Iho mercury Milan night from W to 06. Heading (Pn.) municipal Itlccllon. lirADtrra, Pa , February 9.—William ii.Grn.ird. Ihu DcuiooaUe caudldate fur Major, was elected by ltd majority. Tbo vole waa light. Tbo iroaiuti Cullfctorslilp, Ntw Yonx, February o,—George Dancrolt bu been appointed Collector ol Doitua. Tin Last or Foutt Thousand.—Mr J Ilclh* etltigtnn, of tho Toronto CUy bamharlaln’a office, a few days atoco rceoivtd a hmk note, on the back of which the following was written t “This nolo is tbo last of fotty thou«ai-d poonda ■telling, all gone m fun within four years, udr* rah I I'm amu again. Now for hord work, uoli np jour sleeves, Tom. Breakers ahssd- Ail taend* have disappeared like ra*a from *a old •hip. Never say dle-bnck’e to-griu and bear I. Hack God for health and st engto sna good spir its—spirits of the right sort No more this boy. Kei pup heart, old fellow. iMI kOj to work. Who wants a hired man. ready fur lay* thing that's honeatl—T. 11. D. C.’