Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, February 12, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated February 12, 1867 Page 2
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(Eljicago tribune. DAXLT, Till-W E SELT ASH V' EEKLY. OFPIOB. Ha. nr (JL.AKK-MT, Tbcr« arc terc* eiunaaa oi - me Tzimi ueued. Uu \wy nwmac,ltrclrcTU»t'«x. b* camera, omrases arts tae matte, ti. Tli* Tn-WrxXLT, Monday*. Wed- B«K3»v«.aad pneaya, ttt the nan* oclr; and the Wacxs.T,oaTfcan4«ji,BKtfee'maUa'a&d MU at oar eoocter asd bv neviso. Term* at the Rktraea Tribute: Dmj delivered m tUe city iiier wee*) f> 20 “ " . " '*t (per Quarter;.... 3,20 Daltf, to tuaii nbrriib'** (per wan, pay*- b elli advance; 1*2,00 rn-Weealy.fper actra.-rimjablc to advance) B.OU Week)}, (oer asuom, oayab ei& advance)..... 200 tar rracno&ai ram ot the year ai the aasx rates. tW~ Pmon* remiratt and entente are or core copies of cither the Irt-Weeklv or Weekly edinonv (Lay retain ten per cent of the eubacnptioc prteaaa a eoczuustoh. h once to nrwaont-ts owertag the aortas o. four papers cba&ced, to prevcai delay, tm sure and apedfr wtatedition you take—weekly, Trt-WoeUy, or Daily. Also, civeyearpßSsZNTaadtature address tr Money, by Draft, Erpreaa, Money orders, or la Bcslftcred Letter*, may be aeatatonrmk. Addma. TRIBUNE OOm Chlcaco, HU TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1867. A IBAGNXFICSNT FRAUD. There UabQl pending before the Legisla ture to incorporate a dock company, with power to take, use and occupy all that part of the city south of the North Pier, and east of the lake shore, In which to build a dock. With wharves, warehouses, streets, railroads, and all the essentials of aharbor and dockage for the city of Chiosro. As corporators in this bill, there arc named a number of per sons innocent of any complicity in the affair, their names being used to divert at tention from the real projectors, who have a professional reputation in each matters. The property proposed to be taken for this work is covered at present by the water of Lake Michigan. Tnc title to It la In the na ture of a riparian right of thc property on the main land. This title belongs to the ■whole people of Chicago in their corporate capacity. For the purposes indicated, or for any other purpose, its value can only be estimated by milllofis ot dollars. This bill proposes at one sweep to take from the peo ple this immense property and give it to a corporation of ten or twenty persons, with out one cent of compensation. It includes the right to HU up Lake Michigan for one mile square, and to lay the same off into convenient blocks; to lease or sell the lots; to construct wharvec, erect elevators and mips, in short to build a city with water privileges upon the sitebeiongiogto Chicago and not render any compensation therefor! We call this a prodigious theft— not a mere monopoly, not a mere privilege, bat a direct transfer of thc land and water privileges of the public, of incalculable value, to a score of private individuals. The title to this land, it may be claimed, is partly In the Stale and partly in the city of Chicago; the exact boundaries of such titles have never been determined. The property, as it now stands, has a prospective but certain value of not less than twenty millions of dollars. When needed it will be worth a sum sufficient to pay off the debt of the city of Chicago, to deepen and widen the Illinois and Michigan Canal, improve thc Illi nois River, and construct a canal to the Mis sissippi River. It is proposed by this bill to take this property, the title to which is In tne city of Chicago and State of Illinois, and give it away to a company of private indi viduals. If the proposition were made to give to the same corporators the title to the public square at Springfield, the Gov ernor’s residence, the Normal University, the Penitentiary, and all the other property, real and personal, of the State, without any compensation therefor,- It would not be a holder or more infamous swindle upon the people than is contemplated by this act. If the Legislature should charter a company with authority to issue, in the name of the State, and of the city of Chicago, bonds to the amount of twenty of dol lars, and to sell the same and apply the pro ceeds to the personal uses of the members of said company, the shamelessness of the act would not he more direct than the pro posed grant to this dock company. Wherefore should this property he taken from the State, and from the city? In time, wnen xne erection of such docks and outer lurbor shall be come a necessity, then the city jnay sell or lease this property, and a rental of seven per cent of the gross earnings will yield an annual revenue equal to that derived from the Illinois Central Railroad. Would the Legislature grant to the Chicago Dock Company the property of the State In the gross receipts of the Hlinois Central Rail road? Wonld it grant to a company the right to levy and collect taxes in Chicago? These arc privileges and these arc means of revenue pertaining to the public, and not to be given away to Individ nals. When the time comes that such a harbor and such dockage shall be needed for the trade and commerce of the city, the value of that property will be immense. Then the privll ege of constructing and using it as a harbor, can be leased for an annual revenae ; then the city can construct that harbor and the docks, after the manner of the Liverpool docks, and the property will produce an animal rental going greatly to the release of thc people from general taxation. There is no apology for this theft.' The trade and commerce of Chicago do not need an enter harbor at this time, nor wIU it he wanted for many years to come. The propo sition now before the Legislature Is to antici pate that time, and rob the city of property exceeding in valne the sum of the .present Slate and city debt, and a permanent source of income In the future. Has thc State the right to give away the property of thc public without requiring compensation therefor? Has the State the right to take away from the city of Chicago its property and give it to private individuals as a donation ? We repeat that a bolder or more Infamous attempt to steal a vast property belonging to the public has never been attempted, and well net the scheme will be promptly and Indignantly rejected by the Legislature. • It is only necessary to examine the project to understand the immensity of the grab, and the unblushing effrontery, of those who are pressing it In the Legislature. We under stand that the proposed-bill gives the cor poralors the control of the month of the river, as well as of the entire water front of the city south of the North Tier. However that may be, we hope that the Legislature will not attempt to amend the bill, but kill it in all Us parts instantly, and send us the names of those who are lobbying for it in Springfield. rUBBISNCY AND TARIFF. In the ycarlSGGwe Increased oar forelen deit not tench, ifaoy. less than two hundred million, of collars. That into eay:we boocbtmeul*. fabrics, wares, notions, gewgaws and fMpp tie-, to the value of one bandied and fifty millions more ibsu our exported produce and specie would par for. and we sent abroad and sold two hundred millions’ worth of promises to nay—mainly six percent Bonds of oar Federal Government—to balance the account. British three per cents sell in the rntney markets of the continent rally fifteen per cent higher than oar six per cams; In other words the promise of the British Government to pay three dollars per annum la held of' tar more value than the promise ot our Govern ment to pay six dollars per annum. And wc vir tuallv esy to mankind: “The estimate U correct.: talc our national promises to pay at seventy-fire c< Mr on tnc dollar, and hand over yOnr gewgaws ov the thir-load I" Men and brethren! how long can this goon? How long will Europe give cvcq each prices lor our obligations. «hen we value them so lightly? We can couipn tiesd the Pitm-jlvama inflation irts. ’they mean: “Give us a good stiff tariff and wc cat pay as wc go. in spite of bdioon prices.” They a:e sadly mistaken: lor inflation makes oar wboic frontier i< aky as a sieve, and Alls the conn .try with lotelgn goods in spite 01 a high tariff Fat the dories up u> high-water mirk, and unlim ited Unties of iriedeemable paper will U3e over it. Del when the Northwest votes almost sohl for Inflation and acalnst I’rotecUon, what are vre to erden-tand? X’ocs ehe suppose that wo cau go on piling up foreign debt forever? it. In a state of peace, with gtncral health and plenty, we are to ado two bocdrrd millions per annnm to the principal of our debt, when* are we to stop? How shall we even seem to care for solvency. If, in a state of profound peace, we go on addle* to oar already gigantic foreign debt in thU fashion? And If Congress Cinches from and throws down every barrier it has chosen to set up against per pelnal rn*pension, bow can tne world regard such votes bat as proclamations that we never mean to pay »bat «e owe!—A. T. 'ttitiune. It la doubtful whether any refutation and exposure of the crude and prcpOitcrous crotchets of n. O. on the subject of con traction and protection would change his opinions the breadth of a hair. He says: “ Inflation makesonrwhole frontier leaky as “a sieve, and fills the country with foreign ‘•goods in spite of a high tariff." Did ever mortal put forth such nonsense? Is it not notorious that foreign goods poor into the country faster when gold is declining than when it Is rising? The reason is obvious. When gold falls, the paper dollar galas in purchasing power, or coin value, but ojiera lives will not receive fewer greenbacks for their wages. They insist on having the ad vantage of the rise in the valne of the currency. Hence it costs the manufac turer more to produce an article on a falling than on a risinggold market. But with the importer the case is exactly the contrary. Because the more nearly currency approximates to the gold standard, the less it takes of it to buy coin to aeud to Europe for the purchase of goods. The effect of contraction, therefore, is to pro mote importations and bring employers and operatives into collision. A further 'evil effect has been to seriously curtail the revenue by causing general stagna tion in business and stringency in the money market. H. O. has au Idea that two paper dollars worth par io gold are of more valne than three paper dol lars each worth CO# cents in coin. The men and brethren of the Northwestconslderihem exactly equal for all commercial purposes. Bat 11. G. says that If the debtor class arc compiled to pay In coin obligations con tracted on a currency basis, and thereby give fifty per cent more value than they received, the country would at once become happy and prosperous. His idea seems to be, tlutit is necessary to bankrupt every business man whoia unable to pay his creditor 150 cents on Ibe dollar of value received. Aud ho v cold apply the same screws to the Federal Government which received only fifty cent* in gold value on the dollar of Us outstanding greenbacks. Let ns accept H. O.’s figures In regald to the excess of Imports over exports, for tho xigumcnt's sake, sod see what havoc they mate with his pet theories. If we Increased ourforclgn debt In 1860 by two hundred mil lions, was It not done under the highest tar iff that ever before existed on tho statutes of this notion T That la thc feet, of whlch we challenge a denial. Tho tariff of 1860 aver aged, for thc first seven months of tho year /orty-rdne per cent -In gold on dnl liable goods, and Ibr tho remainder nt tho year, under the act of Inly 23, It averaged fl/ty-tii per cent. And yet the imports of property exceeded the ex ports by 1200,000,000, and the balance against us, H. G. tells his readers, was paid chiefly in six per cent bonds. ’ tVhat Is-the New York Tribune's remedy for this state of things? How docs 11 pro : pose to equalize our foreign commerce and enable the country to sell to foreign nations as great a value of products as it purchases from them? What is IL 6,*s panacea for thc core of the assumed evil ?. It Is more tariff, a higher tax on the property we con sume of foreign production! His idea is, that the equilibrium can be restored and the balance of trade secured In our favor by taxing our imports to the degree of partial prohibition. Strange as it may appear. H. G. never got It through his hair that just In proportion as the tariff is raised our exports arc cut off, while thc im parts are not sensibly diminished. ‘An in crease of the doty has thc effect to make every similar article of production Just so much dearer. A tax on imports operates as a tax on exports, which sort of tax is forbidden by the Constitution. A moderate tax can be endured for the sake of thc revenue it produces, but when carried to excess it becomes baleful and destructive In its effects on the industry of the country. An addition of 20 per cent to the tariff adds 20 per cent to the costol the imported com modities, every cent of which comes out of tfce pockets of the American consumers. And twenty per cent at the same time U ad ded to thc dtamtxx of the whole range of sim ilar domestic goods. Whatever It costs to import a fabric is the price charged for the competing home-made article. The univer sal experience of the people attests the truth of this observation. The Eastern manu facturers always charge for their wares just as near the importer’s prices as they possibly can and retain a mar ket , for itheir goods. An Increase oftbe tariff is the signal for immediate mark l-g np of domestic as well as Imported good? in all portions of the Union, on tho part of manufacturers, Jobbers, wholesalers and re rallere, as every consumer knows to his cost. Thc higher the tariff the dearer all glads of cemmodities become, except agricultural pro •tacts vhose market value is Jixed in Europe Every farmer knows this to be true. Even 11. G. Is aware of It. An Increased tax onlm ports falls on onr own people to pay. The foreigner pays none of It. The American consumer of the goods pays ihc whole duty levied thereon. Then comes the Important question, how are the soods to be paid for? If they are excluded -y prohibitory duties or penal statutes from entering the country, from what other .scarce is the Government to derive Its $150,000,000 of gold revenue for the payment of the Interest on the National Debt? Per haps H. G. can tell. His policy seems to be, prohibition with direct taxation, or repudla tion. But the Government must have the revenue, and tho people will have the goods. But what have we to give in exchange for them? As before said, a high tariff makes dear goods. The cost of labor enters into the selling price of everything, and becomes In the nature of a tax on exports, by patting our commodities, other than agricultural products, above the market price of other countries. High-priced good£, and wares render fanning unprofitable, *hnd discour age agricultural production, furthermore, what the manufacturer gains in“proteo. lion” from an increase of tax.on Imports, he loses In a short time, In the advance of wages and. cost of materials—unless he cheats his laborers; In which case the extra profit he gains by reason of the duty, they mn*t Zam. These plain and obvious. truths seem never to have found a lodgment in H.G.’s brain. Hence his frantic aopeals to the “men and brethren of the Northwest” to consent that the sharpen and speculators of the East shall be allowed to pile on more taxes In order that they may advance the price of their stocks on hand and cheat the people of the West, who consume the goods thus “ marked up.” As the people, by reason of an excessive tariff, cannot sell their high-priced products •n sufficient quantities to pay for the foreign products they Insist on purchasing, they ex port their gold as last as it Is mined, and sell their Five-Twenty bonds for seventy-five cents, or less, on the dollar. Hence we have the spectacle described by H. G. of thc peo pie sending to Europe last year two hundred millions of Federal bonds to pay,<thclr bal unccs. Why was this? Because onr enor mous tariff of fifty-five per cent In gold, which is equal to eighty in currency, ren dered everything so dear as to cripple most seriously our potter'to sell our products In the markets of Hie world in payment of onr imports. Our products have become so dear that no nation can afford to buy from us at our prices. Consequently, we export our gold and bonds by the ton and ream. “Men and brethren,” exclaims H. G., “how long can this go on?” Wc can tell him how long this, state of things will continue. It toill last until the next election/or members of Congress after the reconstruction question is settled, and no longer. The Northwest will then vote solid for the abolition of these extortionate and oppress ive duties, and taxes levied, not to support the Government, bat to plunder the masses for the benefit of special classes and Inter ests. The tariff will be revlsedand reformed to a revenue basis. Each duty will be im posed with reference to the amount of reve nue thatcan be produced for the support of the Government, with the least injury to productive industry. It wlll.be a “protect ive tariff'* in the true sense of the word, and not a destructive tariff, like the scheme now being concocted by sharpers and swindlers, and bullied and ' bribed through Congress. In the year 1800 we bad a tariff that averaged but fifteen percent. During that year the imports of the country amounted to $302,100,254, and the exports to $343,126,192, in home valua don, exclusive of coin, requiring barely twenty millions of gold to balance the ac ount, which was simply the surplus of gold ••roduccd in this country over and above the •rants of the nation. No bonds had to be avnt to Europe that year to pay balances, dear In mind that all this was under a fifteen per cent tariff, which the Republican party u ISST-8 helped to make—the men and breth ren of the Northwest voting for it. But now with a tariff four-fold higher , while our imports arc greater than in 1860, our exports ul surplus products have fallen off sixty per cent on a gold valuation, and we are snip ping coin at the rate of $00,000,000 and bonds to the amount of $200,000,000 per annum, to make up the loss of our exports occasioned by our deslroctlvc tariff. H. G.’s remedy for Mds shocking state of financial affairs Is— more tariff\ and more contraction. He would heap more taxes on imports, increase the ;>riccs of everything but farm products, make very man pay a dollar for what he might get ;.ir fifty cents, and make every man paja iollar where he agreed to pay fifty cents. If H. G. will lay aside bis disgusting ego- Um and dogmatical assumption, and study he lorcgolng carefully, he will comprehend »hy the “men and brethren of the North west vote almost solid" against sudden and ccklcss contraction, and against excessive 'arlffa. levied neither for revenue nor pro ‘cctlon, but for the sole and express purpose .•f enabling the few to plunder the many •iidcr the lying pretence of “protecting American industry.’* AKOinEBAIIK.HPTEOSIIIXDLE. Mr. Shepard, of this county, introduced yjU) the Legislature a bill “ to incorporate ;he South Side Skating Company,” of Chica :o, wiin power to build rinks, erect fences, nclotc grounds, sell tickets, hire their and generally do all the business >fa Skating Club. ThU bill Mr.Shcpard bad eferrud to hU own committee; he has since l:ad It passed by the lloosc, and it is now pending in the Senate. The second section of the bill is as follows; “Sec 2 Tbe said corporation *hall be author zed. for tbe purposes, or any of then, aforesaid, m assess KXtnsivrly and to control any arnSclat •>-dy of ica'er upon sudi lauds as it may seqahe :ae right of possearloiraod u*e of: eta also any oriton at Me voters ot LaXe Mtehiqaa trl'Aw the uM'.s or Jurisdiction of the eity of Chixtgo, no' nbtrrxUnf fo the vtu of commerce and the pens • of aatlttaHon of said laie, by reason of aor artifi cial stractoresberotoforu established by author uy oi la*, atid excluding such portions from inch use.” This is “the biggest thing on Ice 1 ’ that has jet come to light. It Is not quite as large a s-tcal as that proposed in the dock company’s bill, but Is equally bold, equally Infamous and equally a gross swindle and fraud. Along the east line of Michigan 'avenue from Randolph street to Park row, • there is “a “ portion of the waters of Lake Michigan “within the limits or Jurisdiction of the “city of Chicago,« sot subservient to “the uses of commerce and tbe general “ navigation of said lake," by reason of the artificial structure, known as the Illinois Central breakwater. This Skating Club, which Mr. Shepard’s bill incorporates, arc thus authorized to pos sess exclusively this basin and park, for the erection of rinks, or other buildings, used for skslhig in winter, balls' and parties, billiard-rooms, tcn-pln . alleys, bathing houses, drinking saloons, or any other purpose, at all seasons. In other words, this bill turns the general public out ofthe basin and park, and gives the exclusive possession, in perpetuity thereof, to the incorporators. It la a well. aettSed principle of law that a grant of ex clusive possession and control over any body of water carries with it the fee of the land covered by that water. That Is, that this company, having exclusive use and control over the fcaalo, in perpetuity, they have in law, as well as In fact, the exclusive posses* sion and control of the land under the water." This basin and the park of which It forms a part, arc public property, owned and held by the city of Chicago as public property. This act of the Legislature divests the city of all title to, possession and control of, the basin, and vests it In perpetnltyTn the half dozen gentlemen selected by Mr. Shepard as the beneficiaries of the city and State. There Is a clause in the Constitution of the United States, and of all of the States, which provides that private property may betaken for public, uses, just compensation being made thcrefbr. Mr. Shepard’s bill Is Iramed on the principle of taking public property for private uses without making any com penaation therefor. We believe It was Mr. Shepard’s law partner, who, in the last Con* stltutlonal Convention, put a clause In the bill of rights that a lot owned by him should not be taken for public uses until ho was paid therefor Its full value in cash. Mr. Shepard has Improved even on this brilliant defence of private right; he proposes to give to his friends the exclusive possession and control of the basin In front of the city, driving ont the general public. We think Mr. Shepard has excelled his pre ceptor ; he pets an extinguisher upon public rights, and confers upon his friends an estate magnificent in value, prolific In revenae, and that without requiring of them a penny of consideration. Upon the mile or more of water, stretching from Randolph street to Park row, Mr. Shepard’s friends can build a goodly number of rinks, which In hot weather can be used as billiard-rooms, eat ing-houses, bar rooms, len*pln alleys, ball rooms, cock-pits, rat-pits, or can be hired ont to circus companies, menageries or other pleasant and jovial entertainments. There is no reason why they might not fit up a place for the production of the Black Crook upon a grand scale, with “ real water.” We submit this subject to the consideration of the people of this city, and we know they will brand this proposition, no matter who is Its author, nor who are Its projectors,as a dishonorable attempt to steal for private ends the property of the public, 10 the amount of at least one million dollars ■ In cash. If this bill granted to the corpora tors tho exclusive possession and control of the Court House and public square in perpe tuity, it would not be more flagrant and; felonious than this attempt to take the pub lie basin and park, and give it In fee simple to a dozen or less private Individuals. This hill is pending in the Senate; we hope that the Senators from this county will expose the contemplated fraud and have it reject ed. It is, with the D«mk Compmy BUI, an attempt at an extensive robbery of the pub lic, and an attempt at a robbery which has no apology or palliation. We understand that the parties interested In the Dock Com pany BUI are the same as those interested in the Staling Park Bill. TUB STEWART DIVORCE CASE. . \ ne Thas been granted in the Hart i*. wtewart divorce case. In one regard this Is to he regretted; for it is unpleasant to think # that the long and disgusting story must all be gone over again. In another re gard it is gratifying; for we think no candid and intelligent person could have read the evidence on the first trial Impartially, with out the conviction that the lady was entitled to her divorce in law; that the Reverend gentleman from whom she sought to be re leased had very little in hts case to commend it to public sympathy, and that he utterly failed to prove his innocence of the charges of Infidelity and licentious ness plleged against him—charges sustained by positive and unlmpeached tes timony. Even if the defendant had carried any amount of respectable sympathy with him in his trial, it would seem to be forfeited by the subsequent publication of a pamphlet by his friends, and, as we are informed, with his own consent, in which the repulsive de tails are dished np la a manner calculated to recommend it to vulgar minds. A picture of the lady ornaments the outside of the cover, and one of the reverend defendant thc inside. A man who can thus consent to pa rade his domestic difficulties and his own disgrace before the public, without any ex cuse, unless It be the profits of so pitiable a publication, is wanting in the first instincts of manhood; and few will wonder that the wile of such a person should rebel against his companionship. But dlvqreo cases are determined by the principles'oflaw applicable to the facts es tablished by the evidence. Wo think no law yer familiar with the testimony ean come to any other conclusion than that the alleged adultery was fairly and unanswerably estab lished ; and, more than this, that thc hus band who now parades bis pamphlets before the public, boosted his Ucentloaness openly, as though It were a matter of pride and congratulation. The testimony of Charles W. Wentworth, evidently a truthful witness, tfas conclusive npon this point, as also upon tbc.point that thc defendant vis ited a house of ill-fame, and borrowed mon ey of him (Wentworth) to pay his bills there. Other unlmpeached witnesses gave testimony scarcely less positive and direct. The evi dence, In Cict, was so strong against the de fendant that hi* counsel was driven lo the expedient of alleging a conspiracy which he failed to establish, and of charging the wit nesses with having been bribed and suborned to commit perjury- Bnt the Court expressly charged the Jury that there was no evidence to prove the subornation or bribery of the many witnesses who swore so positively to tho defendant’s condnct. Tt is supposed that the jury returned a verdict of “not guilty,*’ on the ground that Mrs. Stewart left her husband before the alleged acts of adultery were committed, and that therefore it was not for her to charge that , crime upon him. This would however, form no legal defence ; for the law provides the remedy for the husband as well us the wife in cases of desertion, nor docs it permit desertion to justify adultery. Nevertheless It might have weight In the minds of a jury, were there no circumstances to excuse or Justify desertion. But the evidence showed that Mrs. Stewart declared her sin cere conviction that Stewart had purloined Utters from the post office, and asserted that he pointed out “fancy women" to her while on the street, making flippant remarks abont them, and that he boasted of improper intimacy with respectable ladles of the city, and that when she expostulated with him for such vulgarities, he ridiculed her expos tulations. And, without going Into particu lars, the testimony was of a character to show that a woman of refinement must have been shocked to find herself united to such a man, she haying married him for hla sup posed piety and purity. We are moved to make this comment on , the case for the reason that, during the late trial, Mrs. Stewart, concerning whoso life and character there has not been a breath of suspicion, or a word of reproach, was made the subject of rude jeers and Insulting com ments, which undoubtedly bad their effect on the jury, and were probably Intended to have such effect. That the young lady married In baste there can be no doubt. That she deserves all the punishment that has been visited upon her in consequence, is by no means so.clear. BKCONSTKDCI ION. The country wants reconstruction on the basis of universal suffrage. It will accept nothing less. It spurns any half-way meas urcs, whether they come from Andrew John son or the Reconstruction Committee of Congress. The bill reported by Mr. Stevens, as the latest offspring of that committee, being a proposition to re-establish military, rule virtually under the direction and con trol of the President, and without limit as to time, was rejected as a lame and impotent conclusion. It met the late it deserved in the noose, while it awoke aston ishment atd disappointment scarcely short of dh-ynst, among the people. Wc want no more military Governors in the South. Wc want a civil,Government based upon equal rights. We want thorough, speedy recon struction on the basis of universal suffrage. • Because the President refused this to the country, he was ignominionsly defeated. If Congress stall refuse this, the country will repudiate it with equal promptness. For names it cores nothing—it wants justice and peace. ■ ~ But Congress makes no response to the demand of the. people, or what Is worse, it responds with a propt sltlon opposed to common sense, and calculated to complicate and increase the evils that exist. Individual members have offered propositions fkr superior to any thing that has come from the committee ; and among those who have done this we may mention General Banks, whoso bill Is abont the only quo thus far introduced that really contains a- definite plan of establishing a loyal Government in the ~ South. It Is open, we think, to ob jection In. that it proposes a Com mission of three to take control of the work of organization, instead of one head, which has generally been found necessary to a vig orous and efficient administration. Its con stitutionality might also bo questioned, since It provides for the appointment of two mem bers of this Commission by Congress. Nevertheless, it Is a plan, looking to some end, and one that, if carried out, coaid result In no other than a loyal Government. The R<*constniction Committee has monop ollzed the business for which It wss especially appointed, during the greater part of two sessions; and we think this monopoly, like many others, ought to be broken up. It is rapidly bccomlngodions. The country will thank General Banks or «tuy other member for a plan, even if it Is open to some objections, provided it points to the certain result of a Government that shall protect the loyal men of the South, and se cure equal rights to all, irrespective of color. Had this monopoly, of which Mr. Stevens bis stood as the head, been promptly broken up at tho beginning of tho session, nod some practical bill been taken up and considered section by section, without gag law or dictation, we have no doubt a satisfactory measure might have been enacted before the holidays. Bat the Reconstruction Committee has not only swallowed every proposition submitted on the subject, but has wielded Us lash over members In the House, and applied the gag to every 'man who (protested against Us sluggishness, it has been the dog In the manager; it has neither proposed anythl**' Itself nor permitted Congress to anything proposed by a»»' -insider Its latest prodnctlo*- one ®l 8e ; it to the compliment bf a „ . en “ tled muon. Let thl, n f sso ' undlet Gongroi,devote the remilnlnjdejs Uhe/rt' 11 ‘° thc work 11 eTen 1 »«woea thle nod t ““ y Dntl tlme to rescue iUclf from tho public indignation which h iX to mod ecltle the greet qnceUon of reconstruction on thc principles of erenml lostlon. THE WHISKEI tit If anything can he ascertained by the re porta which from lime to time leak out from Congressional Committee rooms. It Is quite evident that the men who have so eagerly listened to the persuasive arguments of the tariff lobby, are determined to learn nothing by the past, bnt to adhere to the present ex tremc and nncoUcctahlo tax of two dollars a gallon npon whiskey. They seem to Ignore the fact that Iwenty-ono millions of gallons of whiskey were made in New York alone last year, which paid a tax of six millions of dollars, instead of forty4too millions, which it ought to have paid. They forget that we have an imaginary boundary line of thou sands npon thousands of miles, with Canada British America, and Mexico, across which any man can easily slip, either by day or night, and with a single gallon jng full of absolute alcohol, make four dollars by it. At the present time, every gallon of alcohol consumed by druggists pays a tax of four dollars, bnt little-of which goes to the' Government. They forget, also, that there is a sea line of other thousands of miles surrounding" the Southern Slates the people of which will gladly aid smug glcrs to defraud the revenue of the United States, particularly when It tends to cheap en the price of whiskey. They forget that the tight Utile island of England, though surronnded day and night by a chain of cruisers and revenue cutters, and threaten ing the direst punishments, could never suppress smuggling till all pecuniary profit in this Illicit business was taken away by lowering the rates of duties. As It has been elsewhere In this business so it certainly will be here, A Ux of one dollar a gallon Is quite as much as this arti cle will bear, and all beyond that is simply bribery on the part of the Government to defrandit. The present tax is a standing re ward lo every man to smuggle whiskey or make it in unlicensed distilleries, and gain two dollars on every gallon. It Is utterly destroying all legitimate trade in the article depriving the Government of revenue from this source, and compelling the people to pay the extra tax, while rogues and smugglers pocket the profit. TBE INCOAE TAX. It Is reported from Washington that the Committee of Ways and Means have agreed to report in favor of two modifications of the present excessive, oppressive and unpopular Income tax, viz.: To increase the exemp tions from S6OO to SI,OOO, and to make the tax on the excess of SI,OOO uniform five per cent. This change will bo very gratefully accepted by the tax-paying public. An ex emptlon of SI,OOO is about right, as It will relieve the mass of thc laborers, me chanics and salaried class from: an onerous Inquisition. - A uniform toll on thc amount of Income over SI,OOO is nothing but simple justice and equity. The discrimination that imposed ten per cent on incomes over $5,000 in amount, conld only bo defended on the principle of extreme Na tional necessity, such as that which justifies forced loans, confiscation, and martial law. Suppose one man sells manufactured goods to the amount of SIOO,OOO, and pays five per cent taxation thereon, would it be right to fax his neighbor, in the same business, ten per cent because he sold wares to the extent- of '$200,000? If a miller takes one-tenth as his toll for grinding twenty hnahels of wheat for farmer, A, would he be justified In abstracting a second toll from farmer B’s grist, because It happened to be forty boshels, instead of twenty? Wonld it be a fair system of taxa tion to assess a farm containing one hundred and sixty acres at tho rate of say ten mills i on the valuation, and assess a farm contain-. log three hundred and twenty acres twenty mills on its valuation? No such rule of partial, discriminative, unjust taxation exists in any State, city or county i in thc United States, nor would it bo‘ tolerated anywhere, and members of Con-1 gress who resist the repeal of the double In come tax exaction will be called to a severe account by those of their constituents who arc j thus unjustly oppressed and robbed. The' time has come to remove this indefensible and invidious discrimination. It has been’ endured about as long as the patience of the' sufferers will stand It, and they now demand that thc tax be equalized. taxes on banks. ) Thc hanks of the United States paid Into! tho Treasury daring the fiscal year ending January 1, 1860, thc following taxes : ; For licenses. f 1,363,619 Direct taxes 13,109,120; This sum is as great as the whole revenue of the Government during the Republican administration of John Q. Adams which the; Democrats denounced for Us extravagance. It can hardly bo alleged against the banks that they do not pay their full share of. the taxes for the support of theQovernmcnt.i The Income Tax, which Is the most un-» popular ©fall the taxes nald by the Aracri-i can people, was enacted in 1863, and col lectcd for the last half of that year. It hasi since Us enactment yielded the following l amounts of revenue; For the Ust six months ofISGS f 4,557.410 Fur the year JS63 TL919.231) For the year 1564 49.609 76J Fortheycar 1865 61,07|J132; The tax for the past rear, 1860, will not he returned and collected until next sum-: mer. The proposed changes of this tax for! the purpose of equalizing it, raising the i exemptions to SI,OOO, and equalizing the 1 a uniform five per cent on incomes,! will, U is estimated, reduce the receipts' rom this source one third. In selecting the site for the Agricul tural College, it is the doty of the Legisla ture to accept the best offer, wherever it comes from. Several liberal and magnifi cent offers have already been made. There are charges of corruption bandied about on all sides, and parties competing for the prize seem to be mutually suspicions. We believe the safest and simplest solution of the question will be found in the adoption of the rule that the place which will give he most money shall have the Col lege. This is a simple duty to the State, In the discharge of the trust confided 1 to the Legislature by the act of Congress.! The money or other valuable consideration,: paid as an Inducement for the location is for i the benefit of the State and not fbr members i of the Legislature, and by adopting the rale! of awarding the prize to the place which 1 will pay most for it, the Legislature will serve the public faithfully, and do away' with all suspicions of favoritism or dis-, honesty In the matter. fciylhe Nebraska Bill having passed Con-' gross by more than a two-thirds vote over the President’s veto, and the Nebraska Leg islature-Democrats as well as Republicans —having voted to comply with the condi tions imposed, Nebraska will goon be admit-’ ted to the Union—the thirty-seventh Stale, !1 we count the Southern States as members, of the present family. ThU will give Con cress two more Radical votes in the Senate, and one in the Honsc of Representatives. * The Tax on Foreign Trade. Bublccgtox, lows, February S. i To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune; | There can be very little doubt that this Tariff question, If persisted in by the major ity of the present Congress, to the extreme views of the present protection lobby, will prove a Trojan horse that will seriously en-1 danger, If not entirely destroy, the Republic can party. ThU Is evident In the course of snch shrewd old Henry Clav Whigs as Grimes, of onr State, who knows very well that the party cannot possibly be kept to getber if these extreme protection schemes be adopted as a dogma of the party. Daring. all the excitements of the political canvass of 1866, one of the most absorbing and Im portant ever conducted In the United States,' thU question was never once sprung. The cncroschments of a corrupt and traitorous’ Executive upon the rights of the people’s; representatives in Congress assembled—the, reconstruction upon a thoroughly loval ba-' sU of eleven disloyal States, and the enfran chisement ol the loyal citizens therein ; the dangerous and extreme doctrines hold by the Secretary of the Treasury—doctrines which if carried out as he proposes must un questionably dry up and dissipate the pres ent sources of national revenue and pros* parity, and finally bring bankruptcy and ruin upon every important commer cial Interest; the settlement of the desola ting and cruel Indian wars which have been waged throughout onr Western wilds for the past four yesrs; here was certainly legiti mate work enough to tax the intellects of all the men composing the present Congress daring the last ninety days of Us existence and meeting. Have one of these all-import ant questions been met by them and settled upon n loyal and satisfactory bads? Alaa not one. Instead of spurning and kicking out the selfish crew of protectionists who have Infested the pnrllcns of the Capital bribing and suborning every Influential Indi vidual In or ont of Congress to work for and with them, for the past six years, and who were endeavoring to mislead them away from their great and pressing national duties, and going earnestly to work, l 0 perform what he public reasonably Cipocted of them have eagerly fallen ; ato tl> , . --'ey spoil hunters, and - . arms of these , much crerv lb* .. thcia pretty ' Jest le f K tb °I tavo asked for. ook how this tariff question has been -acred since the Republican party came into power In 1881. Under pretence of rals lug revenue, or some other less creditable purpose, tariffs have been passed March 8* 1501, AugustS. 1801, December!!!, iSI July 14,1862, March 3,18G3, June 30,1864, March 3, 1865, March 14, 1806, May 16,1800 July 33 1866. and now in Febru,ry,lßoi-elevm times In nUttle more than fire years - each time laying heavier and more grievoi hur dens upon the hapless consumers of anch vital and Indispensable necessities as salt. Iron and cheap woollen and cotton clothing Our manufactures have been “protected’’ until what little foreign trade British-rebel Alabama cruisers left us has been entirely destroyed, and even our trade with the West Indies and South America In provisions and agricultural Implements has passed Into the hands of foreign nations. This Is emphati cally and positively proven In the late pamphlet report of Mr. Wells, the Special Revenue Commissioner, to Congress and we now are actually without any trade’ whatever with foreign nations, except what is carried on In foreign vessels. Mr. Wells slates It as an absolute andlndlspntable fact that a tax levied on one commodity for the benefit of a special Interest, bears with more or less weight on every other Interest, and that all must feel It—none can possibly es cape. The vicious legislation ofthepastslx years has so poisoned the financial blood of the country, and Inflated, far more than the Inflation of the currency, the prices of every commodity either bought or sold by us, that we have become the best country to sell to, and the worst to buy of, on the lacs of the globe. Nature and common sense cannot be defrauded in this way, and when we perpe trate such a crime against all the laws of trade and political economy, we alone, and no other nation, most pay the penalty of our ' folly. The great error the manufacturing interest* of this country arc committing is a fatal one and Is well shown up by Mr. Wells. It has constated in selfishly seeking to pluck and rob their own countrymen under pretence of ‘‘protection” from the “pauper labor” of Europe, as their stale and cant phrases say Instead of boldly striking for the trade and commerce ol the globe, and successfully Com peting with and out-trading every other na tion, as they might easily do. John Bright, himself one of the great manufacturers of England, years ago, bore willing and elo quent tribute to the success and keenness of American competition in the trade with the Chinese-and with East India. This was in the better days of our country, days to which even Morrill, the protection leader, refers as those of equal prosperity with any we have ever known. No such trade Is now known to the commerce of the United Slates, and' will not be, while the repressive and outra geous dogmas of protection prohibitionists are permitted to prevail. There Is no disguising the significant fact that this question has never come fairly be fore the people of this country, but the pro tectionists have been defeated. Next to the slavery issue, it has been the great and dis turbing question which has divided the na tion for the last forty years. The people of this nation believe that Providence created the globe with a variety of climates and pro ductlons for a wise purpose, which cannot be defeated by the puny and selfish schemes of men. The tea of China, the indigo of India, the coffee of Brazil, the sugar of Cubs are commodities that should be exchanged with the breadstuff’s and manufactures of the North, and the cottons and turpentines of the South, to the great benefit and advan tage of aU parties. Let us hope that the members of the House of Representatives will yet look at this question In Us proper and will shrink from the responsibility of dripping into onr present perplexed polit ical condition an Issue that has no business. In it—llat has never been recognized by the people as belonging to it, and that if so wil dragfrd In, cannot fail serlouslv to en danger, 1 1 not destroy, the only truly loyal. political organization now existing in the en tire length md breadth of the United States. I If they do so, upon them, and them alone, i must rest the responsibility of the disturb ance that will inevitably ensue as the legiti mate result of their corruption and folly. AsTi-PnoinßiTiojf. WISCONSIN. Proceedings of the State legis- lature. The Assembly Debate on the Con stitutional Amendment, Important .Railroad Bills. fs pedal Correspondence of the Chica;o Tribune ] Madisox, Wle., February 8. The chief Interest of the present week, about the halls of Legislature, his been po litical, In coDocction with the debate in the Assembly on the Constitutional Amendment, which occupied Tuesday. Wednesday and: Thursday evenings. The subject has been' discussed In all iu bearings till It Is about worn out, but there were a ftw honorable gentlemen who thought there was a little more to be said, and so three evenings were occupied in political speech-making, mainly confined to the different points of the pro poaed amendment. It had been understood for some days that two or three prominent gentlemen from the Democratic side would take position in favor of ratifying tbe amendment, and a desire to hear what they might have to say attracted most of those who were present to listen to the de bates. General Harrison C. Hobart, of Milwaukee, who, it will be remembered, was the Demo cratic candidate for Governor against Gene ral Fairchild, in 1865, opened the hall In a speech in favor of the ratification of the amendment, which was generally conceded to be the most eloquent and conclusive of the session, and which was several times warmly applauded during Its delivery. He declared himself distinctly in favor of every proposition of the amendment, and gave most convincing reasons why they should be adopted. He proclaimed himself in frvor of equal rights to all, regardless of color, race, or creed. Referring to the former position of tbe Democratic party, as the friend of the poor and the weak, he urged that it should boldly champion the cause of the oppressed now and be a progressive, liberal party. The stand taken by General Hobart on this ques tion is onewhicb much better comports with his honorable military career than the atti tude In which he was placed when he allowed himself to be made use of by those who had done all they could to thwart his efforts and those of his comrades In the field in tbe attempt to gal vanize their dead party Into life, and all true Union men heartily congratulate him thereon. Messrs. Clason and Abrams, life-long Dem ocrats, ftaUy endorsed General Hobart’s views Mr. Abrams expressing his particular satis faction with the provision of the amendment disqualifying rebels from holding office. One or two of the speakers who opposed the amendment showed considerable advance In their ideas within a few years, that thorough Copperhead, Fred. W. Horn, going so frras to pronounce President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation binding, express log bis satisfaction at the destruction of slavery, and even favored impartial suffrage on the basis of intelligence, without regard to color. The discussion developed the fact that the Democratic parly still continues to lose Us best blood, and is becoming a very dried-up old fogy organisation. At tempts to put the screws of party disci pline to members who were in favor of this Constitutional Amendment were in rain. They persisted in voting and talking their honest sentiments, and when bis Democratic friends bid General Hobart good-bye. with stinging rebuke, he-reminded inem that some of them bid him good-bve when he enlisted in the army of the Union to put down the rebellion, while Mr. Abrams re minded those who would read him out of the patty for voting for this amendment, that he was strongly condemned two years ago for voting for the amendment abolishing slavery, which was now almost universally conceded to have been right. Several *good speeches were made by Union members In support of the amend ment, among others, by Messrs. Dyer, Thomas and Pulclfer. The final vote was very emphatic, sixty-nine to eighteen, with thirteen absentees, about equally di vided, including three Democrats In favor of the amendment. The Senate, it will be re membered, voted for the ratification by twenty-two to ten. Thus Wis consin has unequivocally pat her self on record on this subject and Is un willing to wait very much longer for the ac ceptance of these lenient terms before ex acting others not so favorable to the unre constructed. The general business of the session has not made very much progress, though numerous schemes are brewing. The tax bill reported by the Assessment Commissioners has been taken up In Committee of the Whole in the Senate, bnt little has yet been done with It. There is a general disinclination to make much change In the existing law. Railroad matters hare not taken very definite shape yet. Senator Fulton offered a novel proposition the other day to amend the State Constitu tion so as to provide for the Issue of 8105,000 bonds by the State for every twenty miles of railroad which may hereafter * OO built and equipped. no clji mod that the amount of liccnsq would pay the Interest, and that Uta d s_.i . of the Slate would bo grs-- . „ thoadoptlonofa”'*- u" if r ?*v. ot r d Isture •-' — a P o,lc l * bnt the Lcgis . -s uardly ready to inaugurate asystem of State Internal Improvements on so exten sive a scale.' A bill to prohibit the consolidation of the Milwaukee & Mississippi,'Milwaukee & St. Paul and Chicago Northwestern Railroads was np for a third reading to-day, but was finally laid to rest for a few days in (he hands of the Railroad Committee of the Assembly A bill authorizing the Milwaukee & St! Paul Railroad Company to Issue additional stock and to consolidate with roads In* lowa and Minnesota, which was reported from the Railroad Committee with a majority and mi nority report for and against, is likely to ho sharply contested. Connected with this Is the bill, which was Introduced the other day, authorizing the construction of a bridge across the Mississippi at Winona, which wll be more vigorously opposed by the friends of

La CrOsse, and more earnestly pressed by rival Interests, than almost any other meas ure of the winter. A bill to dam and boom the Chippewa River at Ean Claire will array strop- forces for or against It, and take the place ’in local Interest of the Kilbonm City Dam BUI of last winter, with the fate of which leglal Ration on almost every other contested ques tion before the Legislature was more or less mixed up. There arc a few “claims" already before tbe Legislature, or to be presented, among others the ancient claim of Daniel Baxter for work on the old Territorial capital, which has been presented these many years, and on which once more he has secured a favorable report; and one of Mr. S. M. Booth for ex penses in connection with his famous fugitive slave case, his chances for getting reimbursed for which are not so good as if the Republi can party of the State now endorsed the State Rights doctrines which were then so popular. Another claim was presented by General Starks lor expenses as State Prison Commis sioner a dozen years ago, but net meeting with much favor It has been withdrawn. MOBB AVftv. TUB CURRENCY QUESTION. Legal Tenders yersns die National Banking System. An Argument In Favor of the Former, Ottawa, HI., February 8. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: My attention has been called to a two column letter of Mr. J. Medill, on the sub ject of National Banks and United States Bonds, written from New York, and pnbi lished in the Tbibune of the 7th of January, apparently in reply to a letter of mine, with others, published in tho Tribune on the sth of January, lo which I beg the privilege of a brief rejoinder. Mr. Medill has famished, to say the least, a very plausible defence of the banking system, bnt which, at the touch of facts, tumbles to the ground, I shall only attempt to notice a few of its fallacies, ond, I am compelled to say, sophistries. Mr. Medill says; “It is speciously argued that the Government is paying the banks $18,000,000 annually for currency redeemable in legal tenders, when the Government itself could furnish a better currency for nothing, and thereby save to the tax-payers $18,000,000 a year now, given to the banks without con sideration." Worec than that, Mr. M. It la instated that the *300,000,000 of National Bank cm rency, (bunded upon all per cent gold bonds, with semi-annual interest, costs the Govern ment In currency $24,000,000 annually, or thereabout, at the present rate of gold, and that the Government would save, according to Treasurer Spinner’s estimate In a recent letter, one-third of one per cent la wastage on that amount ol greenbacks, which would be $1,000,000 more, making $23,000,000 per annum saved, besides the liability of Gov eminent In lending its endorsement of the National Bank currency, which the day of final reckoning, perchance, may prove to be a very serious item. To this may be added the loss In revenue by the exemption of $300,000,000 of bonds from taxation, which is not less than $9,000,000, making at least $34,000 000 per annum which the national currency costs the people, while greenbacks, a much bet ter article would cost nothing. In four ? *130,000,000 transferred from the IndttsUW claaaia to the pockcla of the monopolists, without a single Bat Uila la not all. By tbla cnnnlnßly de ? d ““ d wll *ed banking system, tbo pen pic are *ampciicti tu «.» t. SO to SO per cent Interest per annum, besides paying the taxes of these gentlemen. Mr* M. argues: “It Is a grow error to suppose that If the bank notes were withdrawn the Government couid Issue $300,000,000 of greenbacks to fill the vacuum without inflating the currency in circulation. The banks are obliged by law to keep In their vaults a reserve of twenty.flve per cent In legal tenders on the amount of their notes in circulation, and on their depot Its received. The deposit account ol the batlonal Banks is very much larger than their notes In circulation, as shown by their quarterly statements.- Their account stands in round numbers os follows : Notes In circulation, $300,000,000: deposits re ceived, $503,510,570.” Then follows a very erroneous balance sheet on the basis laid down, which I will not stop to quote. Now I teg leave to refer Mr. M. to the law on the subject of the “ twenty-five percent reserve,” “ to be kept on hand and out of circulation,” &c. t and to assert that this statement of Mr. M.*a is a very erroneous one. Here Is a synopsis of the law: “ Every such Association shall at all times have on hand la late/ui money of the United States an amount equal to at least twenty five per centum of the aggregate amount of its outstanding notes of circulation and Its deposits. Clearing House certificates repre senting specie or lawful money or any amount due from any other Association la Boston. Providence, New York. Philadelphia, Balti more, Cincinnati, Chicago. St. Louis, or New Orleans, in good credit, subject to be drawn for. maybe deemed as to banks outside of these places cash on hand to the extent esUhree-fifths of said twenty-five per cent. “The Comptroller of the Currency, with the approval ol the Secretary of the Treasury, may appoint a suitable person to examine Into the affairs of a bank, who shall have power to examine agents and officers thereof under oath, and report, etc. “ The Comptroller of the Currency, ascer taining that any bank is not complying with the law, with the concurrence of the Secretary of the Treasury, may appoint a receiver to wind up its affairs.” It will be seen that, by these cunningly devised provisions of law, not a dollar of greenbacks or legal tenders Is absolutely necessary to be kept on hand by the banks.' Anything that can be “drawn against** may constitute three-fifihs of the twenty-five per cent, and it is the easiest thing In tbe world for a hank toseem to have the remaining ten per cent in “ lawful money,” when in fact It has not a dollar. It is necessary fer the bonks to make .quarterly reports to the Comptroller, bnt if they don't, what then ? The Comptroller “may,” etc., investigate, and then he “may** not, especially If ho and his master, the Secretary of the Treasury, are bankers themselves and own hundreds of thousands of dollars of bank stock ail over the country, as they do. No danger of any “ suitable ” person being appointed, and if they were appointed. It Is the easiest thing imaginable to get sach “suitable'* person to report “all right.” Bnt there is still another very easy way of getting alone with this matter, for the coun try banks, at least. When, for instance, Backer A wants to make his quarterly re* port, he says to Banker B, Lend me your check for ISO,COO, on Chicago or New York, as the case may be. Banker B lends the check, and then Banker A has his “ two fifths” reserved fund on hand at one of the places named by the law. “subject to be drawn for,” and makes his report according ly, “all right.” When Banker B desires to make his report, Banker A tickles him in the same way, “ and so they wrap it up.” The “three-fifths” of the twenty-flve per cent reserve fund is much more cosily and profitably provided for. Mr. MedlU says that the amount of deposits exceeds the amount of circulation by $263,510,570. We win generously allow, what Is not true in point effect, that this excess may be kept on hand by the banks, in “lawful mokeu *» which means National currency, and nol le pal tenders ; but inquire what Is done with the balance of the deposits, amounting to 1300,000,000. Do the people mpposKhS this snm is kept on hand locked no in the hank ranlts Idle? Not by any means, u may safely. so far as the basU ness of the banks u con cerned. he invested In Interest-bearim*’ bonds and deposited In the places named in the law as a fund to be “drawn agXt » thereby providing for the “ three-fifths” to. serve, and the payment of depositors at the same time. Here is the snug sum $34,000,000, interest on depositors’ money which goes Into the pockets of the hankers A mere trifle, to he sure—not worth mention ing I Thus It will be seen that Mr. MedlU’s position that there is an aggregate of $216,000,000 “ grtenbadt*” held in reserve and out of circulation, is a fiction. The idea that his Bankerahlp McCulloch, has ever or will ever hold the hanks to strict account under the law, or that he conld if he would, is hq. warranted. A “ suitable” person to examine banks, of coarse, mast he a banker, dost as well set a bear to guard noney. The banking system Is the goose which lays the golden egg for the bankers, and they are not each asses as to kill her or to embar rass her fruitfulness—not they. Having seen what extraordinary privileges ***** °*Joj at the bands of the Govern. !tt us look at some of the practical re su Is. Mr. M. t hinks the banka are Tery self, sacrificing and beneficent institutions—genu lf£, martJrß for the public good. Hesajs: ■ stockholders of not one bank In a bun -red would think of working under their National Charters after their bonds were sold, their notes redeemed, and their deposl tors paid.” As we hare seen, the banks get in the vicinity of eight per cent, In currency, . per annum on $300,000,000 depositors' money, iidone-thU of one per cent on wastage of their bills. They pet on their bonds depos- Itcd with the Comptroller eight per cent per annum, and on their circulation at least (lo the West) twelve per cent, making twen ly*elght and one-third per cent per annum. Then we have the profits of exchange and trade in bonds and stocks with which to pay the expenses of running the institution's. This is certainly a very hard case. Indeed, and well calculated to discourage the poor bankers and Indoce them to wind up busi ness! Mr. Hcdill holds np the horrors of private banking and shaving shops as in evitable if the banking system were abol ished. Well, for one, it is my opinion that the country could stand Individual monopoly quite as well as organized mo nopoly, intrenched behind National statutes, dictated by the monopolists. Mr. M. thinks private bankers and Sbylocks might charge hvjh rates of Interest, even “one and a half to two per cent per month." Mr. Medill knows very well (perhaps by feeling in his pockets) that the majority of the banks In the West arc dividing among stockholders ten per cent, and often twelve, every six months. If he don't know this, he ought to know It; and many of the banks, actually ashamed to declare a larger dividend, have established what they call a sinking fund aud-are adding to this fund five to ten per cent per annum. The writer can prove this last statement If called upon, and is ready to do It. Does Mr. Medill knowol a dollar's worth of National Bank stock which can be had in the market for less than $1.50 to $2.00? If he does, he knows what the writer does not. Talk about high rates of interest! The very life blood of Industry Is being sucked up by the National Banks, and five years more will bankrupt the entire people aside from the handful of bloated hloodsnckers themselves. How long will it be possi ble for the industrial and commer cial interests of the country to stand tewnty-five to thirty per cent interest Jfr mcncy, while the securities upon which U is based, in the hands of thelender.arc ex empt from taxation, and guaranteed by the credit of the borrower? Such a system as this has not a single feature of justice, nor one single clement which can possibly con tribute to National prosperity. It is last building np in our country avast monied power, more dangerous to republican institu tions than forty rebel armies. Already Sen ates, Congresses and Legislatures are at the feet of this power. This kingof monopolies laughs at the efforts of the people to extri cate themselves from its grasp. The little finger of this giant—the railroad companies— in Illinois Is thicker than the loins of the people. Witness our present Legislature» Between the banks, the railroads, and tariffs, the-pcople are .being devoured. Con gress Is hat in hand before the hanks and Eastern manufacturers, and the Illinois Legislature is In the pocket of Wm B Ogden, and Mr. Medill thinks these thlngi better adapted to the wants of the people, and unite more benefits and less evil» than any other possible condition of things, and ask ns “to let well enough alone.” Thla condition and tendency of thlnirs may anlt Mr. Medill, lint I can tell him that the Industrial classes of the country are sweating ont their life blood under It and that by and by they will make themselves heard, on thla subject, to tho dismay of their plunderers. I would like to notice other points la Mr M.’s letter, but want of space forbids. A. J, Grover. THE BEMOTAL OF THE ILLINOIS STATE CAPITAL. The Claims of Decatur* Bccjltub, hi., February 9. To Ihe Editor of tho Chicago Tribune; It appears that the Legislative Committee on Public Buildings at a lato meeting decided unanimously to report In favor of the ercc Uon of a new State Capital, or. In other words adopted Mr. Conkllng’a resolution, with tho slight variation of the words “at Springfield” being stricken off. And It far thermore appears that such action immedi ately followed the consideration of the Deca tur memorial,the only proposition before the committee up to that time having been the ‘Bill for the relief of Springfield.” Is it not surprising that the Springfield proposi tion, (which It is presumed every one is now familiar with.) should thu« fall to win prompt appreciation from the committee after all the carefhl preparation Aeu B l k . l ![ U .!“L D jP u,a^ oQ “P® o *®* thereon? tur propo9itlon**Eho^d r aU the declarations of Springfield organs published there and elsewhere, as to Its “ utter absurdity.” But the aforesaid organ* having omitted to specify in detail wherein said absurdities consist, the writer would beg leave to supply the very singular omis sion. Now this most amusing, trifling, ridiculous, absurd claim of Decatur is under stood to be based on such facte a* these: 1. It Is the city nearest the geographical cen tre of tbe State. 2. Its location, at the crossing of the two great lines of railway, reaching from the nothwestern to the southern extremity of the State, and from Lake Erie to the Mississippi, and being tbe terminns of four other project ed lines, one of which is in active contempla tion, Indicates a railroad centre as the inevita ble future of Decatur. • • 8, Located just midway on the main trunk of the Illinois Central Railroad, the seven per cent revenue to the State derived therefrom would be materially in creased by the change, and, certainly, all other things being equal, the permanent capital of the State ought to be somewhere on the line of the only road that the people and their posterity are directly interested in. [The last two years* revenue to the State from this source amounted to $937,450.50.] Now, the absurdity of the aforesaid claims for the State Capital are respectfully submitted, not to Springfield, Mr. Conkling or tbe lobby, bat to the people of Illinois at home and their representatives at the Capital. 4. As a healthy and fertile county, Macon is unsurpassed, combining In dno proportion splendid rolling prairie with a good body of timber, abounding in springs and possessing a system of natural drainage. There yon have another specimen ol the ridiculous in the presumption that snch features arc essen tial in a site for a State Capital. 5. Decatur offers ten acres of ground In the city and $1,000,000 to the Slate, payable in ten annual installments at such times and in such way as may he required in the erection of the new State House. Now right there Is where Decatur reached the very climax of absurdity in the eyes of Springfield lobbyists and manipulators, who laugh and chuckle over the idea of apprachlng the Illinois Leg islature in thnt tray. Now the said claims advanced by Decatur are simply a reiteration of tbe position taken by Stephen A. Douglas and others in the Legislature, when the removal from Vandalla was being agitated. That departed states man's views on subjects affecting the Inter ests of Illinois arc generally conceded to hare been sound, at least, not open to the charge of absurdity. There la an objection that Springfield can urge against Decatur, having the State House, and that Is that she (Deca tur) can thrive well enough without it; for while her neighbors—Springfield, Jackson ville, and Bloomington—have all more or less of public pap t Decatur never had a drop. Fostered exclusively by her own resources, she has to-day with her 8,000 population, a better class of business houses than any other town of 12,000 Inhabitants in the West, and, fur thennore, is elearot debt . And. if Mr. Cook ling or the Springfield organs published there and elsewhere, wish any more frets of that stripe, 1 can inform them that Macon Coun ty paid off her bounty tax of $350,000 (be sides her other taxes) In two years, instead of bequeathing it to posterity; and, further, the assessed value of property in said county is $5,000,000, instead of $2,000,000, the assessed valae being, as in other conntics throughout tbe West, at from one-quarter to onc-third the real value. This statement is made part ly to correct a supposed unintentional error that crept Into the news from Springfield. This question of a new State House is now frlrly before the Legislature and the people, and It remains to be seen whether we shall have on this business honest and legitimate legislation or not,—whether, If a new State House Is to be bnilt, the location thereof will be selected on its merits, and. If it Is to cost $3,000,000, as proposed, whether the people of Illinois will be saved at least one third of It, or whether Mr. Conkling’s bill for the “relief of Springfield” wUI be imposed on the people by the Legislature. W. « Social Kqoalltjr.n In a letter to the Indianapolis Journal, in reference to some recent troubles in that • u “‘P‘«a exclusion or colored people from hlu lecture, Fred xhu f >em. up the -hole qucjl tlon of “ social equality ■” H «io r r c Kr ? fiffS&ysH fi?- »e meet to , public h.ll do u citizens, as the public, rich noble 41111 •woMe, standing upon • common looting? And is not this well? Bat is It oot quite another thing to force mo Into aztoclation with all 1 meet os equal citi zens In ftrcct or hall ? My parlor, and my table, and my hand are my own, and I can choose my own friends and associates, and you hare the same light; but when you go into a public ball you venture beyond your parlor limits, and your right ends where that of another man begins.” SORGHUM. Proceedings of the Ohio- State Sorgo Convention. An Important Discovery. (Special Correepoadeaco of tbe Chicago Tribune.] SlAJtsnxu), 0„ February 7. Tbe Ohio State Sorgo Association closed Its filth annual session to-day. It was not as largely attended as usual, owing to Insuf ficient notice. But the lack of members was made up In the earnestness of the discus sions, which were unusually able and inter esting. Mr. Clough, of Cincinnati, who was chosen President, delivered a very appropri ate opening address, In review of the past year, and congratulated the association'up on tbe progress made In the manufacture of both syrup and sugar. The quantity of syrup produced In Ohio was about 4,000,000 gallons. Tbe usual subjects were then discussed. The regular or “straight” sorgo was most highly commended for productiveness and for the mild and agreeable quality of its syrup. But owing to Its tendency to fall before tbe wind, it will eventually' be sup planted by some of the Imphees—probably .the variety known as Liberian, which stands well, is productive, yields a pleasant syrup and crystallizes frequently. The Outnscc ana, called by many without reason therefor, the Otaheltan, was recognized as the best sxiqct plant, but Its syrup Is rank and the cane also lodges badly. After the discussions, models of machinery were exhibited, each exhibitor being allowed fifteen minutes for explanation. The cxhlbl tors all seemed to have a special mission to exterminate the cele brated Cook Evaporator, os if under the impression that no other machine was worthy of notice, and that until they could get rid of the big frog In the sorghum pud dly there would be no room for the little pollywogs to wiggle. In the meantime none enjoyed these attacks more than the propri etors of the Cook Evaporator themselves who sat quietly by, refusing to take part! One of them merely rose and remarked, at the close of the Convention, that they had said nothing because they did not want even to stem to intrude or force themselves upon the Convention, as some feared they would and any one wishing to know what they thought of Coot’s Evaporator could ascer tain from the Sorgo Hand Book, which would ho sent free on application. - But the most Interesting part of the ses sion was the exhibition by Mr. Clough of his new deodorizing and redoing process. He treats cold Juice, seml-syrnp or finished syrup with equal ihclllty, and in aU cases secures a result equally as good as, if not superior to, the best pearl or white syrup. He first treated the poorest sample of syrnp on exhi bition, and astonished the exhibitor by an enormous deposit of impnrities, and render ing transparent what was before a milky opaque syrnp. He then took a sample which had been clarified by lime In the old-fash. loned way, upon a banter of the owner, and the results were equally surprising. He ex tracts absolutely all impurities, and leaves a simple sweet. Of course crystallization more readily ensues than In common sorgho syrnp In operating upon syrnp he dilutee with two volumes of water, adds a well-known pow at^ UK ‘ " rltll I,me ’voter, and then, adding the newly-dlscovcred re-agent, which In itself Is perfectly harmless, he slira well together and brings the mass to a boll. Hpon removal from the fire, a heavy deposit of the impurities takes place Instantly, and in a few moments, or on hour at most, the syrnp may Perfectly clear. 1 do not see why this discovery Is not destined to revoln lionize the mode of defecation In the old' sugar refineries. The expeese Is very trifling being not over one cent per gallon of syrup. ?taf n w in b . 1 ” experiments, theConven- Hon felt as If indeed great progress had been Mansfield is a rapidly growing city. New buddings arc going up on every hand. Chief among them Is the great manufactory of Blynnyn,Day*Co.,the largest and hand somest In Northern Ohio. The popnlatlon of Mansfield In 160° was 4,800. It b now about I examined my peach buds to-day and found them all safe, in spite of the theory that a temperature of 16 degrees below zero will kill them. My thermometer has marked 18 decrees, and others In the valie/o otni lower Wo hare not seen our wheat since smnj time In December, and bo being tncked up under such a splendid blanket of snow it la, of course, all right. Soboo. THE TABirr sn.L. Prolcat of the New Torlc Chamber of Commerce. The S»ew York Chamber of Commerce on Thursday last unanimously adopted the fol lowing remonstrance aealnst the final pas sage of the proposed Tariff Bill; MEMORIAL OF THB CHAMBER OP COMMEBOB OF THE STATE OF KEW YORK, To the Honorable Vie Senate and House of Rev* rventatives of the United States, in Congress assembled : The Chamber ol Commerce of the State of . 7 Torfc respectfully remonstrates against the passage of the bill now before Jfcc House of Representatives, entitled “A bill to provide increased revenue from Im ports, and for other purposes,” and asks leave to submit for the consideration of Con grass the following objections thereto ; In the first place the title of the bill Is misleading. The enhanced duties It pro pose* being In many cases so high that they must prove prohibitive, its adoption could not fall to diminish rather* than increase the rev enue from Imports. The proposed enhance ment of duty is chiefly if not altogether on imported articles which come directly in competition with similar domestic products, such, for example, as iron, wool, woollens, worsteds, linen, and cigars. These are all leading articles in our import trade, and no one familiar with that trade can doubt that the exorbitant duties which this bill proposes to subject them to, would greatly diminish their import, and thereby lessen the revenue of the Government. It appears to your re monstrants impolitic to lessen the gold revenue of the Government at a time when its gold liabilities are increasing; and it seems especially impolitic to do so coiaci dcnlly with the abandonment of many of the existing sources of internal revenue. There is reason to apprehend that the joint effect ot the two measures might so reduce the revenue of the Government as to leave the aggregate insufficient to meet its current expenses and maturing interest, and thus weaken the public credit. Bnt your remonstrants object to this mea sure onotherand broader grounds. They believe its adoption would prove injurious to eveiy Interest affected by it. It would be specially injurious to commerce by diverting .it from Us established channels, by lessening our foreign trade, and by leaving our large mcreantilc marine without adequate or pro fitable employment. It would mar the pros perity of agriculture bv increasing the cost of Its supplies without enhancing the prices of its products, which are governed, as are those of all exportable commodities, by the foreign market value. It would Injure me chanics by Increasing the cost of living with out enhancing wages. And finally, through Its exorbitant protection, it would en danccr the permanent prosperity of the manufacturing interest itself, which It is especially intended to protect and foster. It pi eposes to increase that protection by add ing from ten to fifty percent to the present high rates of duty at the moment when the amended interna! rcrenne laws relieved that Interest from a heavy excise tax. The joint effect of the two measures will be to confer on that interest a rate of protection ranging from fifty to one hundred per cent; and this protection will be absolute with the excise taxes annulled, and the premium on ex change and on gold to pay dalles compen sating the manufacturers for the adverse effects of a depreciated currency. This de gree of protection being at least twice as large as that Interest has hitherto enjoyed under the revenue laws most favorable to It, wc may expect to see it engender a home competition which will ultimately prove fatal to Its prosperity. We may also expect to see the people soon become so restive tin. der this unwarrantable boon conferred on a favored inteiest, as to demand its repeal and the substitution of a tariff strictly grounded of the principle of revence. This, combined with the effects of home competition, wonld be liable to involve the manufacturing inter ests of onr country In general bankruptcy. For these reasons your remonstrants re spectfully ask that the bill may not become a law. Attest; A. A. Low, President. John Austin Stevens, Jr., Secretary. A Cold-Blooded IQarder. {From tte Cincinnati (O.j Enquirer, February 9.j It can he safely stated that during the past several months there has been bnt a few high crimes committed, among which we may reckon murder; but on Thursday night lost one of the most cold-blooded murders was perpetrated that has ever occurred In our midst. It seems that a man by the name of Jas. Hughes, who hasJ>ecna Ion" time in the employ of R. B. Smith & Co., the well-known coal dealers on Cen tral avenue, between six and 'seven o’clock on that night, was shot and killed on the Lick Rnn turnpike, one and a half miles beyond the Brighton House. Mr. Hughes was riding in bis buggy at that hour, on his way home, which Is in Green Town ship, in the vicinity of the Gurley farm, aud the presumption is that he was murdered on the supposition that he bad considerable money upon his person, as such had been his custom for some years, during which time he had passed aloug that road. The Coroner yesterday morning was noti fied of the occurrence, and Immediately em a jury to inquire into the facts. ' fust witness called was a boy about thirteen years of age, named Leonard Keller, who stales that he was at Mr. Metz’s gro eery, on the Lick Ran pike, and after hay ing transacted his business be started home, his lather s boose being nearly a quarter of a mile distant, and about fifty yards from the road. Immediately behind him, say forty yards, he saw three men; and about twenty steps to - the rear, of them a man riding In a boggy, and. the three parties kept at about the same distance apart till they reached the pale, when the bny tnrned off. All quiet till bo (the boy) entered the yard, and bad gone about halfway to the hodse, when v°i* i . omo one Moo “Hoi halt* «„ al i t, Ho turned around, but hearf three pistol eiiota, and, being friphtened, ran home and met bis ? n A be . P orci of the house, and re latcd what he had seen. On being questioned closely, he said the epparently drunk; that one was a T«.ry tall man, and the others of me dium size; and that he coaid not tell who it was that cried halt; nor could he say whether tbe man In the boggy was orwu oot Mr. Hughes, but he supposed it was him as not more than three minutes intervened .between seeing the men In the bueev am! finding Mr. Hughes lying dead in thFroad Be conld oot describe the dress of the men bat his description of the buggy answppJ exactly to that in which Mr. IT. was ridlm? The next witness was tbe lather of the bov* Henry Keller, who slated that he knew Hughes well; that he was standing on tbe porch walling for hla boy to return from the grocery, when he beard the exclamation “Hoi halt! hoi” but paid no attention to the voice till be heard tbe pistols crack. Qc then run Immediately to the place, and found Hughes already dead—one orthe shots hay. ing penetrated the cerebellum, and the other passing into the stomach. When he reached the spot, two or three minutes after the firing of the pistols, Hughes was dead. He states that ho knew the deceased well and under ordinary circumstances, would T ? ice » bat he paid no atten tion to the hallooing at first, and conld not say whether U came irom him or someone - T P e mc ? ran «* soon us be (Keller), started from the house. “ A FEARFUL adventure. AS IOWA MAIL STAGE LOST IS A STORM OS THE PRAIRIE. Terrible Suffering of tbe Driver-Four Days and Sights Without Food. A Story of Hezolo Endurance and Wonderful Escape. (From the lowa Northwest, February 6.J On Wednesday last, we published all that was known np to that date, ofthe loss of the J''!'’ 1 pieee, which runs from Sioux City to Fort Dodge. The stage that was due here on Thursday, the 24th, had cot lost ta - 6n , 0,, .1 t0rm during that'night, and as nothing had been seen of it for nearly a f, 1 ! 1 * of the driver ever being found fP-V ! hs“d b cen abandoned. It was known that Charles Hale, the driver on the station 0™?™” M“> Cnlhonn County, ?S Fort Dodge, had started late on Thursday afternoon In an onon with the mall for this % aee 'ifjt be Itfl, the Lakes* 1 t wns slow lug quite last. That the storm increased, ac rS P whi £l >.T Uha terTiflc J?alefrom the north be t e y? c m ° re violent every hoar through the night, and as the wind suddenly changed around to the northwest, the cold f ll d X y Fridfl y. a *d through !hJ v/55L flsUowln ff* the air TO filled with the driving enow, which enveloped everv thlng In Its icy covering, piling heavy drifts nLd* e anS eet -fti bl °^? iDff and rail roads, and sifting throuuh every crevice of our best houses. It was one of those fearful which can only be realized in i?Lt f iP t i degree , b - Tthe traveller on the the ' praWes of As soon os the storm abated patties started ont to .ook for the missing stage, hutnp to the time of onr last Issue no trace of the lost bc * onn d- Ou Wednesday night Mr.Rlfcnbarv came In from Dayton and brought word that Mr. Ha’e was alive, bat badly frozen, and bad made his way Into the settlement five miles west ofDavton, on Monday afternoon. The agent at this place. . AI K C i e ’ 6 t^ t a , t ! am earl T next morn! ing to bring him Into town, if ho was able to Upon his arrival he was placed SVm of 5 r * olne 7. aod everything tnat skill and good care can accomplish will be done to save his life and limbs. V wi? 1 i. Saturday » after he had somewhat re vived. we went over to see him, and learn from his own lips the story of his fearfS OX THURSDAY, TUB 24X0 OP JANUARY. CLS?U f .^.C f^ r ’.2’ Cl ? cI: * n ' the afternoon, r?in™ I £ lelUbe , Btatlon at Twin Lakes’ m Calbonti County, twenty-six miles west of D ,°f^ with the Si °a* City mSL Lan °pen sleigh drawn by two horses. Ihe day had been very pleasant, bat hist before bo started, It begun to snow. The wind was In the northeast, and as nlgat came on. It Increased to a strong gale fhe snow felling thicker and faster."so thet it T dim ? U,t t 0 kee P «» road, which wtft™ P *£ r lrac , k acro3s the great prairie, without a fence, tree, or house to guide tho I traveller, for ten miles. Ho small gf« rted cabin (the only bunding oi w n tbn C v!” 31 °'' er dai *t a nd £ ?!,£. the night became so dark and the 5 b " d ?5« orm « driving so Oc.-Mly k, uj ace, that he was unable to gulijo hu or ace any signs of the load Hc l“ow that he coaid not be more than n mil. oT *»» fro “ y «"" settlement aSd te lleylng that the horses would find the[r w to the station, he left them free to uka their own course. After Iravelllng thS a long time, and failing to reach thS settle meet, he knew that the team had loat the road, hat was ntterly unable to determine o. ir.l j. , b , e was , north, aonth, east or west .r «nrti ß s Aware of the hopelessness F i * be r .' ai or settlement, In the dense darkness that had by this time come retrace* ne ? to tnm around and try to ■ which'heh.i^d 10 tho aC * enCd cabta ! „ the rtn which had been steadily In- 1 B |het»ek M^«.V our v drlfled Vheaoow and M h r? “.‘"fi ttaeca of it. nnd was wwuo“£' a the peat prairie, utterly lest. Ills franco of mind never deserted him, and he at ot»c e determined that his only chance for life was to keep the team moving idowly, that they should not perish with cold before morn »cg. Mr. Hale had taken the precaution to pre- F_ ar ® *or a storm before ho left the Lakes. He had on two flannel shirts, two pair of socks, two pair of pants, two heavy coats, two pair of mittens, a pair of thick boots and buffalo overshoes, and over all of his clothing was wrapped a large heavy rubber overcoat. All through that long terrible night he kept bis team slowly moving knowing very well that If they stopped, the team and driver would soon become chilled through, and the sleep and stupor which preceds death from freezing, would seize upon them long before morning. All ; through the night the fearful storm seemed to bo gathering lu strength and fury, and we all remember the terrible FRIDAY that followed. Business In town was entire ly suspended. No stages left the stations, streets were blocked up, railroads all over the country were buried beneath the great drills, cattle perished with cold. And out i'ii , “ ,ds A of a great bleakpralrie, alone and hit, the driver of the Western Stage watched anxiously for daylight. When morning came, the storm darkened the sky so completely that he could not discern the direction of the sun at any time during the day. " Early In the day thehorseswhlchhad been travelling through great drifts for about eighteen hours, gave out, and could go no farther. Mr. Hale hesitated not a moment, but unhitching them from the sleigh, he turned them loose, that they might if possi ble reach some settlement. He was now left entirely alone, In the midst of the most ter rifilc storm of the winter, the snow two feet deep, and lying in Immense drifts, miles and miles from the nearest habitation, with no Idta of which direction he must travel, or what distance, to reach the nearest shelter. Supposing that he was north of the main road, he started in the direction which he supposed to be south, In hopes- that he might discover the lost track. Hour after hour did he wade through the snow, with the fearful storm chilling him through and through. Before many hours he found that his ears, lace and feet were frozen solid, and his bands were beginning to freeze. But still, strong In determination to save himself, ifin the range of possibili ties, he kept moving on through the long cheerless day. Towards night he suffered greatly from hunger, as he bad eaten nothing rince Thnrsday noon. When dark ress again closed around him he felt that the chances for surviving the night were very slim indeed. He dare not sit down to rc*t, fearing that be would fail asleep and perish. All through the second night he kept on his feet, sometimes becoming so ex hausted with cold, hunger, and his great ex ertions to keep travelling, he would stop a few moments to rest. He repeatedly fell asleep while thus standing, and was only awakened by falling down into the snow. Again and again during Friday night did he thus struggle on till daylight appeared. The wind had now ceased, bat the cold was in tense. When the sun came up on SATCUDAT morning be was able for the first time to learn the directions. Looking anxiously around on every sideand seeing no igns ofsettlement, grove or road, he felt that a longer struggle lor Hie was almost hopeless. But finding that he was still able to more, he tamed bU face to the east, knowing that his only hope now wts in being able to reach the Dca Moines River, along which be was sure to find settlers. All day Saturday he toiled on through the deepsuow, suffering intensely from hanger, cold and loss of sleep. Whenever his strength gave out, and he stopped for a mo ment, be would fall asleep aud tumble down into the enow, again awaken, rise up, and again push on. Mcbt once more came on, and found him still out on the great prairie, with no shelter in sight. Again did he pass another night —the third one—on his feet, walking, stopping, falling asleep, tumbling down, awakening, rising up. and lolling on again. Lost, starving and freezing, but still undismayed, he watched patiently the long hours of the night for the rising o*f the snn on the morning of SUNDAY the fourth day out. The sun rose bright and clear, but It was Intensely cold, tbe mercury at sixteen degrees below zero, with a keen cutting wind from the north. He had now, strange as it may seem, ceased to suffer from hanger; and nerving himself for one more effort, he turned his fhee east ward, and again struggled on. His progress was very slow, bnt at ahont eleven o’clock his courage was renewed by the sight of a prove in the diihxnce, Hope, that bad never entirely deserted him, now grew strong, and all through the day he strove with almost superhuman efforts to reach the timber be fore dark, feeling that he could not survive another night on the prairie. But hla strength was too moch exhausted, and, al though striving with tbe energy of despair, he saw the sun go down and night again close around him, while the friendly trees were shut out from view and beyond bis reach. Fearing that If he attempted to tra vel after dark be should lose sight of tbe grove, and knowing that in his weak and ex hausted condition be could cot survive the night on his feet, he finally sought out a huge enow drill, and, digging out a largo cavity with his hands, he crowded In and. burled himself beneath tbe snow. In this position bn soon fell asleep, and aleot for' several hours, dreaming that be had arrived In safety at Fort Dodge, and was telling his* companions of his perils and escape xrom freezing. Bnt, upon awaking with tbe first dawn of morning, he found himself rie, so weak from huncS- the H Rreat vni ~ from the superhuman U i?»n < Si and ex bausted forth during hc , had niiihts past and eo ppinrvi s*** e da T 8 and that he hid hardly strength t? 0 ” ,rMI, '’e hla Icy bed. Bnt J/ TOrtSS T l ° f gained hla feet, and conld -ft . £“rc about a mile ahead. Whm 1,. ". 1 . G i° re • ■walk, he found that hla IIm?S a , , trlal to vitality, and he conld only mow 1™ reaching down with hf* by lining his legs out of th»» bands and first one foot forwSd •hTO'P ,a <*« •is. s:-S‘£3f£"-"™S umpbed over every obstacle ,***: reached tbe Grove bat j , at last cheerless and uninhabited 1 cold, food or aheUer eoSfd be fonod sSS ° f ‘i? mayed his Iron will agile““rod iZ ™dVl -rßr':ateffortforl‘f^ 1 one /ndi halfmS £ ’I” 1 '"'" handsMdl'n'el’thronsh a th°d Cnlwl °“ hU thlaway E ho S2^edTt a u«t 0, £ e mor '- house, haviae , re:lc h the 2 o’clock In oa daylipht until half miles. Uchnd .J* ‘*s ana a Mr. Hicks SS. trn reac " ed tlle residence of abont thirty miles SnTh^af'o^Yhe' 1 a ,“ l where he lost the road n. P o^ from Thursday at fomo’iloik nntn Sh™ OQt Monday at two o’clock. In thee™ crate tom of the season, with the merenrv rfll- torn ? about fourteen degrees below zero been on his feet during all If the* t 1m d A a, J about twelve hours. He had "one fi!SV >ut and nights without a morfel o| D fLS U *r djya kind and no drink but snow. slept abont five hours in neari? fiw? ly When we saw him he was almost IntifS 8 * 9 helpless and very weak f!?m hU * rible sufferings. His lace u * ter * J‘ , “ ck ’ P lld pieces of flesh are SS off. His feet are terribly frozen bm doctor hopes to save them from aiipnutl™ by removing some of the toes. HeVftn™ one ear, and undoubtedly be badiv Zl 11 , ? for life. We doubt case on record of such fearful suffering , roic endurance, determined energy atmcoSi' unflinching courage, as has be >n siifT J displayed by this stage drive? cred an<l The sleigh, containing the mail, has h™, found about thice miles south of the kS DoTge road and abont half way betwS this place and l atea settlement. One ofS hoises was found near it. irozen todeata hnt the other has not yet been Uu:d. ’ “ Ut HEW EH GLAND HEMS. ,A' the Supreme Judi- • da! Court lor the county of Merrimack com mencca la Concord, A 11., to-dav, f or X special purpose of tiring the of tte Pjmers vmu, the city of ConSrd for the destruction of the Dehumatlc S}' ord newspaper by a ntoh In August. Ism Judge Doe hr expected to preside. There ff-?.?Jy tlbe ?r auKa on “<= docket. brouS by alhther and four sons. John B. Palmer one of the sons, sues the city for the value of tb ' ! faker and printing materials destroved Whde the father and the remaining sons as Xfll yCS ’ S lal ™ damages for the loss’ “ clothing and other personal property which ta the establishment at tie tim/of the riot. The total amount of damages claimed amounts tofrom eight to ten thousand dd- I? 13 ' * ac^lo b of the proprietor was tried about a year since, when the jure failed to agree. Some of the most eminent lawyers in hiew Hampshire will be engaged in th.-s” proaching trials. 1 a a l>- • ‘ A correspondent of the Bsngor (Maine) TTlbp says: The law relating to the nrea ervatron of deer In this Slate appear? toTe without the least importance, for we see the Staffs of ,! he slaughtered deer Srted daily through onr streets, notwithstanding v “rSf*? pan ? t J’ for s ° doing. UniS * public spirited men demand the enforcement SLSf. r of? me r 1 5 WS '°'i r ,nresLi will soon be of deer. Last week more than thirty were destroyed by hunters and dura on the island of Mount Desert alone, and by this time probably there is not a single snr. vlvor there.” ® 4 The late Judge Merrick bequeathed $lO - S o *? 5 ? “ aUT , e town of Brooklleld. itSss! to establish and maintain a free public libra! ! s.and SIO,OOO to the Orphan? Worcester. He baa also given bia valuable miscellaneous library to lEe tow! of flS?£ ? ****} me £ tint ? of the Alumni of Yale Thacher referred to the thrift which had characterized the management of the fund, of the college - maUngthercmarkablcstalementtbai“ Yale College can show intact to-dar ever? doi?i of every fund which she hss eve? received and he challenged any institution in the land ' approximating to this in age, to match the statement. Speaking ot th? meagre endow ment ol the college as compared® arllh soma other universities, he humorously quoted tte remark once made to him, that "if a mid nate of Harvard should die without mmring some, bequest to that college. It would te sufficient cause for setting aside his win on the ground of incompetcncy.” Boston was drawn on last week far « worth of flowers and riremy,u£ 0 ?’S? S?“ '° ra grand narty in .Vei York. Th? B Mau?rf r ' jd .'i U grahtly exhilarated. A a P-Pil to Gen-4 ‘ ora lVa rd ”,£“ c g“ ‘5, v ffrinia He Is the son T Bontnn xriTvfr. Democratic lawyer near the age. h Dt] ot succumb to the spirit of In th Bn£“c£t f *a C t'“gnu? aSS**}* 1 ittKa mined at’ KiehmJnd? ISX’ fr ?, m -«™ lately took place at County, charge of 100 pounds ofS Monroe. A and a velocity ollm fL? , der was “sod, i,..* i 430 »bSPtS^ n M agd given cbmgj or t «“= ''sight of shot and Board ot OrSSSUf- of tho perior to any of tn“'2 ,d ' red ‘his gun Tu _ Rodman pattern yet 1 Bartholomew „ 1 lor over tw, n fv.haa done ex- Uras«SSr“*S,“‘ I JJ are on Mass., wj, v" r ”- Itrfhrough 1 hcav >-Mw'fleld, cold and cipoiC” d P;' n,h «"r„m-|h sensible, In bia as * ” d n l“‘-t In. George harwood In l KL.,?' e S r *JS huuse. ot Harwood assisted him a l iu.?‘s ok^L, d ' r * 1 tortable as possible, but a*? ade uiai f l 3 ?° m “ pneumonia followed lmmcdla^ r . e a K ta . ck . °/ tt only recovered a Jew days sine* at £ i *i d f to be moved home. nfflcicnU j It Ib announced that a wealthy of Massachusetts Is ready to give $50,005“ the establishment of a school or schools fc£ the education of deaf mates, and moreover will apiee to bequeath It the magnificent legacy of the balance of bis large estate. »I General Joseph L.P. Amee, formerly Chief »\ of the Boston Police, and Quartermaster an- til] der General Sheridan, died at Boston, Mon- \*r day, aged 67. ’ The boot and shoe market at Boston still continues dull, and the prospects for a good spring trade are not encouraging. Prices for the better qualities of stock are fully up to their former scale, and manufacturers for the most part are working only to fill orders received. The Gloucester, Mass., herring fleet is so numerous that the owners have formed & combination to prevent the cargoes from all coming on the market at once. The first sir chances to sell brought a premium of *1.035 and it is estimated that $20,000 will be saved to the shipowners entering Into the arrange ment. Those of the fleet for whose cargoes there is no market at Gloucester, wUI be sent to aew York and other ports. Destruction of Extensive Woollen wtn- In Cincinnati. fFrom the Cincinnati Gazette, February 7.1 morning a fire broke out in the Kenton Woollen Mills, in this city, situated on r root street, between Scott and Greenup and, in a very short time, the entire mhment—one of the most extensive and complete of the kind In the West—was to tally destroyed, together with all the ma chinery and stock on hand. » The fire originated In the drying room, im mediately over the boilers, and was caused. £ # it is supposed, by a defective flue. The flames V when first discovered, were bursting out of < the windows, and so rapidly did they spread ? that by the time the engines arrived the > whole bui'dlug was enveloped. The mill, ai. which belonged to Messrs. Glaser & Brother, ** of Cincinnati, had been in operation] about * two years, and gave employment to one f hundred and fifty persons, about half of them females. f Messrs. Glaser & Bro. estimate their loss |S >/ at $225,000, $124,000 of which is in machine- J ry, consisting of twenty-four broad Cromp- I ton looms, six sets of cards, two dressing BH I frames, two wool pickers, two 450-spindleß® I mules, seven 240-spindle jacks, besides asflß | number of hydraulic presses and shcarine*#* and finishing machinery, all of the latest amBL-Sl most improved patterns. The stock of lancyw|n| caeaimeres on hand was quite large, in tion to which all the looms, bobbins and spools were filled with yam In process of manufacture. A small quantity of wool, and about forty or fifty barrels of dye stuffs were saved. Everything else was BB lost. Messrs. Glaser <fc Bro. were Insured for V ' $170,000. I The floor of the Covington and Cincinnati I suspension bridge was slightly scorched, I and several of the guy ropes burned in two. 1 The company also lost some timber which 1 was lying in an alley between the mill and 1. ' the bridge. A stable belonging to Mr. John P F. Hnntcr, fronting on Scott street, was also I consumed. I » Messrs. Glaser have announced their In tention not to rebuild the mills. A 'Punic at Bamnm’i mavenm. IFrom the Ner. York Exprc*e, February B.] \, There was a performance of an extraor- j v dinary character at Baronm’a Museum, last i\J evening, daring the representation of The * \ Christian Martyrs.” Everj thing went on I well to the close of the grand triumphal I procession of Constantine, on his return to i Rome, when the wild animals, consisting of \ lions, tigers, leopards, elephant, camel, , zebra, etc., were marshalled on the stage. These, with the auxilarie* of soldiers, etc., had just left the stage, the scenery was shifted, and some actors had appeared. 7 when a dull, heavy sound was heard 1 behind the scenes, followed by a crash. This caused some consternation; many persons imagined a Hon or a leopard, or per haps the whole of them, had broken away, and would, perhaps, come ont to moke & closer acquaintance with the audience, and a rash for the doors was the resalt. What increased the excitement was the sadden, exit of the performers, who left the stage quickly, for the purpose it seemed of saving themselves. • All that part of the audience In the orchestra chairs, I parqnettc, and In the ranges of seats beyond, comprising three or four hand ed I f men, women and children, ran precipitately, i • Jumping over chairs, benches and railings, ! and crowded upon each other In the centre j rassage. As they saw nothing ebasingtaem, I he flight was not so wild as to cause any J seriouslnjuries; but the crash did not cease J till the ball doors of ground glass were JM nrt»n. t d lo places, and laocSimr. motioned to the aadl ence to be sealed, It was probably ten min- K ntes before Quiet was restored by the tarn of tbelrightened people, so that nUv could go os. The spectators in SppeMJcia Sere not so much alarmed. probably thought themselves safe.