Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, February 13, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated February 13, 1867 Page 2
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(Eljicajgo tribune. Daily, tki-tteeklt asditeekly. OPPtCE. Re.ai CLAUH’ST. Tv«n *ra torn edmeaa or tfce Tbibcb* wood, lit . vef7 aocatax, for drcaJoUou bf unun, newsmen ar-SlhetnalU. Id.ThrTw-’Wxxxt.T, Mondan. Ciwtar* ud FHflijT. tor th; toalU oalf; tad the Wk«t.T. onTbnrxUji, ftt t£c ts*U» sad •alestoaf toaster sudbr newsmen. . Terms of Use Chlcat* Tribune t . fwtrtwiwiMto tb« m r «« **s%::::* 3 .? J Dolly, to mall subscribers (pre aaenos ns?*" * ,D Ju« ,u MT mctienai part* o* U» jw u me mow rale*. nmvr»oßi mnttus* *a* ortenat fix® or moc« 1 “weekly or weekly edition.. £jy“ 2mf«WetttofU»erib«npU t « Ktcau a C scn*c«w«>.-*lo ordering the address o- Toorpum dutncrd.t9 rrormt deity, bt sure tad Inertty wbtl edition yon oekly, Trt-Woekly, ox uuir. Also, eireyeorretaKXTtodftiittre address _ Hooey, by Draft, Express, Mosey orders, orlA majbeKctatoor risk. Address, TRIBUNE OOm Ckloaco, 111. ■WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 18,1567. he construction at last. The country will learn with lively satisfac tion that Congress has at last taken hold of the question of reconstruption in earnest. The Homo 6l Representatives yesterday passed the bill far tbo establishment of a loyal civil government in Louisiana, reported and.recommended by the committee which bus recently relumed from an Investigation of the New Orleans massacre. The passage of this bill Is doubly gratifying, since It not only promises speedy protection and Justice to the oppressed Union population of the Pelican State, bnt Is, in feet, a declaration that Congress will go on ia-tbe great work before it regardless of the Reconstruc- tion Committee. Had it commenced the task by dissolving that committee, its action •w ould have been still more gratifying. The main features of the bill arc these': A Provisional Governor is to be appointed by tbc President by and with tbc advice and consent of tbe Senate, whose term of office shall be one year. Be must be a loyal man, cue who has not participated in the rebel lion and can take the test oath. A council of nine is to be appointed ln«tbe same man ner, and its members are to possess tbo qualifications required for tbe Governor. This Counci lt> to possess Legislative power, ntid the Governor Is to appoint the necessary officers with its consent, and nil officers ap pointed must take tbe test oath, No laws patsed by this legislative council arc to be viuUi until approved by Congress. In June. IST7, all male persons twenty-one years of age Irrespective of color or race, who have folded in the Slate one year and have not token any part in tbc rebellion, shall be en titled to vote for a Governor, State officers and members of the LcgHatnre. in October next, the voters qualified as above arc to elect' members of a Constitutional Con vi'iisiou: and this Convention shall proceed to frame a Con stitution, which Constitution shall not deny stiflingc to any class of persons on account of color, shall provide that no public debt in curred in behalf of rebellion shall be paid, end shall recognize tbe perpetuity of the I’r.lon of the Stoles. The Secretary of War i.- to prescribe rules for conducting the dec li« n, und the President is required to op- I-i>iuT a military commander for Louisiana, wbuiWni co-opcratc with tbc civil author!- tb s. and aid in tbo enforcement of the laws. "■* We arc nqt prepared to say that tUa U the best measure that could libtc hem ; yet it prom ises the accomplishment of the great purpore* of loyal Government on the hisl- of universal suffrage. Jt is true the President has the appointment of the Governor and Council, tint lie Is required to appoint loyal men, and Lis nppclnttneaU are subject to the action of the Senate. If he Shull refuse compliance with these require imiils of the law, it will form good and eulliclciit reason for his impeachment and re mora! Irorn ofl!ce. And emec appointed, the Governor and Council will be under the control of Congress and not of the Executive, since their action Is sub- jeel to revision by that body. The adoption of universal suffrage and the dls- ! frauchlsement of rebels, together with the : power given to the Secretary of War to pro* 1 scribe the rules for conducting iho elections, arc a sufficient guaranty that the officers ami members of the Constitutional Convention elected by the people, will be men of un- I doubted loyalty. The census of 1800 showed i n black population of 345,000, only about six 1 thousand less than the white population. CL I Is probable that the proportion of the black | and while population Is about the same now as then. And In addition to this, there is a very consider able Union party of whiles In the Stale, who need the encouragement and protection of Government to show themselves and assert ilj« pnwin- With tho Uovorumoni on tUeli side this party could safely count upon ten thousand votes in the Stale, and all these while Uuion men are radicals of the most radical description ; and with the assistance of the loyal blacks they will be able to estab lish and maintain their political supremacy, even admitting that the rebels will vote con trary'to law. Those who have not experienced the oppression heaped upon the Kyal jtcople of Louisiana, nor witnessed the Insolchce of the rebels who now Dll all public places In that State, can scarcely imaclnc the joy this action of Con gress will create on the one band, or the con sternation it will occasion on the other. The vote by which H has passed the House—ll 3 10 4-*?—assures its success in that body over the President's veto, if he should 'veto U. We hope the Senate will lose no time in pj'sing Üby an equally decisive vote. Its effects will be felt far beyond the limits of L"uic-lana. It will stay tbe Hand ot tbc a.-snrsln in every Southern Slate, and will be bailed by tbe down-trodden Union people as the dawn of peace aud safety. PLUNDXSUUiG THE Pt’BtlC. The schemes of dishonesty by ■which one or more Individuals eeek to acquire Immense ■wealth by sudden raids upon the public arc rarely successful. Gambling is not confined to the operators at the faro table, or in the kcuo room, any more than larceny is con fined to the petty thieves who arc from time to lime paraded before the Policfc Court. There Is a system of larceny and {rambling at Springfield dnrlng the sessions of the Leg- Mature with which the people of Chicago arc familiar. ‘Four years ago we had the at tempted fraud known as the Wabash Railroad, acd two years ago we had the no less flagrant outrage upon public rights, the attempt to steal the Iranchiscs of the city of I Chicago by the other horec railroad com- I panics for nlcety-niue years. Both of these I schemes cost money to the operators. It j cost money to purchase secrecy and silence | upon the Wabash bill; it cost more money I to organize a lobby to hurrah for the bill, 1 and lo hire lawyers and newspapers to de- I lend it. But the scheme failed, and all those prominently interested in it have been so covered with public odlnm that even the I association of their names wilh any other project, good or bad, is all thot Is required to it nkc j’coplc suspicions ol it. The at* tempt at the lost session of the Legislature io extend the possession and control of the streets of this city in the hands of a private corjoration for ninety-nine years, was a still more expensire o> c. But the ill-gotten fiuit h: « turned to ashes. The money spent to carry the bill has been wasted; the present value of the stock depreciated; public sen* timent turned from friendship Into hostility: public determination fixed against yielding fnrtlicr privileges—and all this for mi act ol tbf Legislature which the Supreme Court lia% by Implication, already pronounced bar* mi and void. The present Legislature Is the I teenu where other schemes "to plunder the I public lor private gain ate being pushed or gimurgled through. The horse railroad men two years ago were content with”dsmandlng posfCFslon and control of the streets nod avenues of Chicago for ninety nine years. They had the grace to limit the the term lor which they were to enjoy the privi leges stolen from the public; but the deflorate men who arc plying their vocation at this sc*slon, demand, not only that the streets and avenue*. the parks and basins, hut that Lake Jdlchlcnn itself, shall be conveyed to them end their posterity forever! The people of Illinois, hut more particu larly of Chicago, will soon hare cause to dtrad the mccllnpof the Legislature. There Is rot a street, nor an avenue, ncran alley, in all Chicago which, though theproperty of the city, may not be taken, or attempted to be taken, from tbc public and given, by act of the Lcglsloturc, to some private corporation. A blit Is now pending in the Legislature, and hoe been passed by one House, taking from the people of Chicago the right to use, occupy acd enjoy the lake basin In front of the city, and giving it to a corporation with authority to charge and collect tolls from all persons entering upon, using, or enjoying nuy |>ortion of the same. Upon principle, where Is the difference between collecting tolls upon Clark street bridge, and collect in" lolls upon tfie public basin? Why tbould not all the bridges In the city be given to gome Impudent and greedy com* 1 U Therc Is no remedy for this but public opinion, aud a more numerous Legislature, with longer sessions and better pay. The xrsn who would enter the City Treasurer’s Llfice and steal one bundled thousand dol lars of the public money, If caught, would be convicted as a felon—would be made a. social and political outcast forever. Let the man who secretly robs the city of a street, or a park, or any other pub lic property, be branded by public opinion ns worse than the thief who steals money- Though tho law may not brand litau l I tel on, public opinion may ; though ho may 1 not ho tncaiceratod lu priwn, ho cori bc con demned to. wclal.olltudo a. galling'and opntcaaive; though ho may Uro to enjoy hla 111-goticn golnf, public opinion may follow him CTory wheto. and at ail ooaaoni. Let him lie caclndcd socially aa an oacaped conrlct i let men In business and In politics avoid and ;>hm) Mm. ft* they weald any other man of tainted fame; , and 'in the endur* Ip C example 'of Ills. . miserr and desolation, let others find a warning aa to :licfate which'ls certain to- overtake the dishonest legislator and his-acoompllcoa in aty scheme fbr robbing and' pldndcring the public. . . ; * . A Legislature, consisting of t small num ber ol men, meeting once In two years, with sessions limited to forty-two days, to transact the public business of two millions of people, is as convenient for tbo schemes of such swindlers as a street riot is for tbo operations of pickpocket*. Everything is contusion and blind fury. The only cool men are the knaves, who help themselves to the loose property of the crowd. We must hart a ntv Constitution, • LETTUK FBOH A FABHKR. „ Ooi* Station, 111., February O,ISJT. To (be Editor of (he Chicago Tribune: As 1 have lose been a subscriber* and ata cow takter your Tri-Weekly paper, 1 feel that 1 have a right to give you my reasons for djfioring (Tom yon In regard to the Tariff Bill. This Is not for Duplication. hot 1 would like to bear yonr argn meet against my reason*. Thcyaretueee; I wish tostoponrovorindlug with the English people and foreign nations, and thereby stop tbe sending of so much of oar gold and Biker over (here, sever to return again to ns. l .wleb as math as possible to avoid patronising (he monopolies of those combined railroads. Now yon will no doebt agree with me on this. Then I ask yon, whycanwenol effect ibis more effectually by get ting np a home market, by starting "Up factories in oar own country, so as to manufacture all our own woollen and linen goods and all our own pa per ? I ask you it this will not be (be only way to effect our purpose? lean agree with you in all else. lam known aa a Turn use man, and now I wish von would Jest lake my glaasea and look through them, and ace if joujeannot eco things as 1 see them. I believe you want to do what it best. - Now l will ask yon a few questions. Suppose ,we should put up factories on Rock River, so as to manufacture all oar own wool and flax. If :bete is so much to be made by It, will not capital be ii>vested to it, and competition enough to bring ibe price of roods down to a lair pnee, and at tbe name time give ua farmers a homo market for aUof our own products t Why not bring the producer and consumer together? Illinois is an agricul tural state and also* manufacturing Slate. We have tbc Rock and Fox and other rivers to build factories on. A woollen mill is to be built at Oregon, our county scat, tbu season. lam a (aimer. I do not own any sheep, but when we can gel our wool manufactured at home, then every tamer will hare a few, and we win not be shod died any longer with old chopped np rags, tntmu- Metered and sold to us at large prices. I hope Illinois will soon secure Independence of all foreign and Eastern manufacturers. 1 hope we •hall soon be able to furnish your cilyall the wool len, limn and cotton goods they can sell. All S ;ceps us from doing it is the want of capital; and Die farmers will ah throw In their mites, and from rho moment this bill becomes a law yoa will eco a general move to that direction. You will see the Lowells and Walthams springing up along the r*ox and Rock Rivers; and (be farmers' eon* and daughters will step Into tbo factories and make tip our wool and flax; and bnt a short distance f:nm here wo will find tbc cotton, too. Then, •hose mouths that arc thus employed will have to beftd, and we won’t care what (he price of pork, and beef, and poultry is In England France or for wo will be an Independent nation. With these remarks I shall close. Hoping time will change yonr views, I remain, Yours, respectfully, C. C. Rotce. 1 would like to see your ons wer to these reasons in my I'll-Weekly. Answer.—Although Mr. Boyces' letter was not intended for publication, be can hardly object to onr printing it. The ques tions propounded to us arc reasonable, und deserve to bo answered. 1. The statistics prove that however favor able a £S per cent tariff may be to a few man ufacturcrs—those, for Instance, who ttre now clamoring for 70 per cent—lt is unfavorable to manufacturing industry generally. The re port of the Special Commissioner of the Itcvcnuo shows that while manufactures in tills country grew rapidly under a very low tariff, from 1650 to 1800, they have actually declined in some parts of the country under a high and constantly Increasing tariff since 1801, while !n other parts of the country they have remained stationary, and In the whole country they have Increased In tbe ratio of only onefifth of tho Increase In wealth aDd population, which the Commis sioner says con only ho considered as retro gression. The facts are not disputed. Ou the contrary, it is contended by the advo cates of the Tariff BUI that home manufac i lures were never in so deplorable b condi | lion as now, while on the other hand Mr. Morrill, the author of the high tariff of ISfil, nud of nil the other higher tariffs since that time, says in his recent speech that the year ISGO (the year before his policy was adopted) was “a year of as largo production and os great prosperity aa any In our history.” A Pittsburgh paper, lying before us, elves a most doleful account of the manufacturing industry of that city, under a 5S per ccut tariff. According to this paper the manu factures of Pittsburgh were never In so de pressed a state, although the tariff is now very much higher than waa ever before enjoyed by the American people. The distress cannot bo duo to inter nal taxation, because the Internal taxes were reduced at the last session of Congress sliunl funcousJy with the last increase of the tariff. What, then. Is the cause of the depression and decline lb manufacturing industry uuder « high and constantly increasing tariff? The answer Is that the tariff makes the prices of everything except farm products high—it is designed to do so—and thereby cuts off our exportation of manufactured goods entirely, 1 and diminishes the home demand for them, i Although the manufacturer gets an extor tionate price for the goods he docs sell, the [ cost of producing them Is so Increased by the | tariff, and the demand so diminished, that ho has, on the whole, a harder lime than before. A tariff la simply a tax levied upon articles of foreign production consumed iu this I country. It lakes effect, also, upon all siml- | lar articles produced lo this country. It Is all (or, though the Government gets only that portion of the tax which la collect ed irom the Imported article. More than a century ago Adam Smith showed that a tax has the same effect upon the productive in dustry of a country as a sterile soil or an un lavorablc climate. It diminishes the repro ductive power of ; the nation by just the | amount of the tax. The heavier the tax the greater the difficulty of production, and the less the production. It Is idle to suppose ihat a nation by taxing Itself can add to its productive powers either in agriculture or manufactures. A temporary benefit may ac crue to the manufacturer by u tax levied es pecially for his benefit, but os this tax soon distributes itself over the community iu the form of on Increase of prices, U affords him no permanent benefit, but merely adds to his thirst for more tax. There ore tome people In this country, Horace Greeley among the number, who are so deaf to reason and so blind lo statistics on this question that probably nothing bat an advance of the tariff lo 1,000 per cent, and a universal col i lapse of business, will ever cure them. If the experiment were not so costly we should be In favor of trying It for the education of the people and for the good of posterity, ll home manufactures Increase and flourish under a low and diminishing tariff, and decline or remain stationary under a bighand Increasing tariff, os f Arp do, docs It not sug gest that perhaps there is some mistake In our preconceived notions of the true mode of protecting American industry ?” 2. A tariff Is a tax upon Imported pro ducts, for which exported products are ex changed. IVc must pay for our Imports with our exports. If prices become so high in this country under the operation of a high tariff that foreign nations will not lake our products at our prices, as is the case now to a great and growing extent, we must l«ay for our imports with goidnud Govern ment bonds, as is the ease now to a grcil ind growing extent. Is that not reasonable, and docs it not correspond with the tacts? We arc exporting gold and bonds under a lily-eight per cent tariff faster than we ex ,>ortod them under a fifteen )>cr cent tariff, 'tothlnc but absolute prohibition of foreign commerce, or a reduction of our ag gregate taxation, internal and external, to u .Kilci where we can export the product* of ,ur industry, and thus exchange them for the products of other nations, wilt stop the jxport of gold. But if wo prohibit foreign commerce by law the Government cm get no revenue from imports, and must have re course to direct taxation or repudiation. Even then we should not stop our export of gold. Our fotcign trade would be carried on by smugglers, whose profits would be Im mense, and as gold would be the easiest arti cle for these gentry to handle, and the only thing which could be produced tn this coun try in competition with foreign countries, it would flow out faster than ever. S. The proposition of Mr. Boyce that we shall erect factories In Rock River to consume the surplus products of Illinois seems open to objection that the surplus products of Illi nois are sufficient to feed the operatives of all thc.factories ou the North American con tinent and still leave a surplus for exporta tion. That it is desirable to erect factories ou Bock River as soon as they will pay we admit, and when the time comes that they will pay, they will bo erected, and there will be no fuss or pother about it. It is not desi rable to erect them any faster than they will pay- It Is )pt desira ble to pile an additional twenty per cent tax upon the country to make np their losses. Before ft sufficient number of facto ries can be erected In Illinois to consume the present surplus crops of the State, those crops will have increased to such an extent that the difficulty of disposing of the sur plus, unless we export them, will be as great as oyer. “Bring the producer and the com- Burner together,** says our correspondent. You cannot do It by piling more taxes on both of them* Lot them alone. Cease to afflict thmwlt’i unnecessary taxes and ex tortionate prices. As soon as It Is more profitable for them to come together than to stay apart, they will come. And this dis poses of the question of transportation., 'As soon as the cost of ... transports^ lion becomes greater! 'than, tbe cost of producing x cotton r and linen goods on Rock River, they will be pro duced there. Pc’rhapa v tb*l ilmo.'has como already. If so, there'will 'bo no need of taking up a collection among the farmers of Ogle County to start a factory. It will “ start Itself.” Our correspondent says that the only thing wanting now Is “capital.” Is not that a singular way to create capital, which proposes to add twenty per cent to the taxes whlcU now oppress the country? Can capital bo created by act of Congress? If so, let us petition oar Representatives to pass a law to quadruple our capital at once. 4. Mr. Royce saya lhal when ho shall have brought the producer and the consumer to. gethor ho will not care what prices arc paid for beef and pflrk In England, France and spalu. Rut lie will care. We hare shown the Impossibility of consuming the surplus products of Illinois in- Illinois, oat If that were possible It would still be necessary to export something to exchange for articles which cannot by any possibility be produced here, such as tea, coffee, sugar, and the pro. ducts of tropical climates. To buy these artl. clcs we should export those articles which we can produce to the greatest advantage, which would be arrlcultural products. Of course we should not export manufactured articles, for the plan we arc considering require* - a still higher tariff and still higher prices than wo now have—prices which bare reduced our exports of manufactures t<9 almost nothing. Exporting, then, some portion of our agricultural products In exchange for articles which we cannot produce, wc most sell them at the price at which other nations ore selling them. If pork Is selling at twen* ty dollars & barrel in Rio Janeiro, Including freight, we must sell all our pork at twenty dollars a barrel or less—not merely that por. tlon which goes to Rio Janeiro In ex. change for coffee, but all the pork wo produce. For the moment we put our price up, pork is brought from Rio Janeiro to New York to obtain the profit, and it con* tlnucs to como till the price goes down. Su wc must sell all our pork at the Rio Janeiro price, or go without coffee. In conclusion, lei us remind onr friends In Ogle County that the best definition oC po litical economy, and the one most generally concurred in, is “enlightened selfishness.” It means, Look Into your own pockct*book! Steady yourself with the fact that If you arc getting rich honestly, the country is not getting poor, and If you arc getting poor, the country Is not getting rich. For all purposes of political economy the country consists of you. If you Lave money remember that the world is foil of knaves who want to get It away from you. Before you hare studied the question half as long as the lobby at 'Washington, who are clamoring lor a seventy per cent tariff, you will have discovered that what you want is the highest price for what you have to sell and tile lowest price for what you have to huy, giving to the Government Just so much os Is necessary for Us support aud the main, tcnancc of 1(8 credit. All else Is dust thrown in your eyes while the cracksmen are pick. h*g jour pocket. NO REDUCTION OFTUU WHISKEY TAX. It would seem that a whiskey "ring” has ■possession of the Ways and Means Commit' lee. and forbids a reduction of the tax on liighwiues, Just os a previous whiskey ring used that committee to Increase the tax to 1,000 per ccut on the prime cost of the arti cle, and to prevent any tax being laid on thu stock on hand- A Washington despatch thus explains the matter. “The new lax bill makes no ctaftnsc In Uio whis key tax. except to provide stringent mua*ure* for ’collecting It. HcmonslrsQccs horn all quarters were received by the Ways and Means Commit tee arainst reduction, and protesting *galn*rsiicb inlueUco and loss as would be Inflicted upon holdi-re’lnterests all over tho country, If the re duction had been made. It Is represented that 0ut 30,000,100 gallons of spirits ate held In stock by dealers, of ail kinds, on which th.* loss will amount to as many millions of dollars.” This Is a precious state of things. Lest the whiskey speculators may lose some of their prospective profits the excise must be retained at a point where it is utterly lm« possible to collect ont./ourih part of it. The consumption of whiskey in tho United States during the past fiscal year was not a drop less than sixty millions. Many of tbe best Judges estimate tbe quantity at eighty mil lions. Tbe wholo amount of revenue de rived from whiskey was only $29,000,000, In stead of $129,000,000, as It should have been, and this Included all that was collected from seizures of illicit and smuggled liquors. The duty was voluntary paid on less than tea millions of gallons. We are told that “over 80,000,000 of gal lons of spirits arc held In stock by dealers of all kinds." What portion of this 30,000,000 lias paid tbe two-doiiar tax per gallon ? All of this, whiskey la effect, was manufactured during tbc post year and as much more be sides, and only ono gallon In every four or tire has ever paid a cent of tax. Tet the very men who have swindled tbo Govern ment out of eighty cents on the dollar of tbc excise, have tbo hardihood to remonstrate against a reduction of the tax 1 And it seems they have influence enough with the Committee of Ways and Keans to -rarry ibclr point. It has been demon strated by two years* experience, and by facts aad arguments that cannot be refuted, that a two dollar tax on whiskey is , Impossible to collect. The tax is so enor mous that It furnishes the very means which ccablcstbc Illicit distiller to crude the law. , Au excise of 1,000 per cent is a preposterous taxon its face,and while human nature re mains unchanged It can nerer he collected on this continent by any machinery Congress can devise, and the Committee of Ways and Means well know that to be the fact. Here arc 80,000,000 gallons of whiskey on which has been paid but $15,000,000 of tax, and which jet owes the Government $45,000,000, not a cent ol which will ever be paid; ond the owners of this fraudulent liquor demand of Congress that the tax on future duittlatton* of spirit* shall not be red need. Why shall It not be reduced f Because If It were, the owners of the stock on band would ot be able to realize the $45,000,003 profit which they anticipate. If the excise were reduced to one dollar per gallon, the whis key ring would be deprived of $30,000,000 of $45,000,000 of the money out of which they have cheated the Government. The ease for the Ways and Means Committee to decide Js this; If the tax bo reduced to one dollar per gallon, the Government will probably derive a return of fifty millions per aenum therefrom; but if it bo retained at two dollars it Is doubtful If the revenue will exceed half that sum ; as the new devices for evading the tax will outrun hereafter as heretofore, the new rules and regulations for its collection. On the other band, if the tax is reduced the effect will be to increase the ! revenue, but to deprive the fraudulent dls- | tillers and their confederates and assignees of a largo share of their expected illicit gains. This nice question leaves the Ways and Means Committee in a sad quandary. For If they decide in behalf of the public Interest, the Treasury will gain $25,000,(XK) per annum, but those who arc virtuously swindling the Government will lose $30,000,000 of their spoils, and only have $15,000,000 left, when they confidently counted on pocketing $45,000,000. The telegraph informs us that the committee, by a vote of six to three, have resolved to side with the whiskey ring and against the National Treasury, ou the ground that U would be utijnsl to those who arc cheating the Government out of revenue to the amount of one hundred millions a year, on the whiskey sold and consumed in the United Slates, to divert any part of tlidr profits into the pocket of Undo Sam. n.MLUOAD INVESTIGATION IV OHIO. A committee of the Ohio State Senate has < been encaged in overhauling the manage ment of railroads, express companies and telegraph companies. The results of Us labors arc embodied In a report, containing various recommendations, and in two bills containing such provisions as are necessary lo carry oul'the conclusions to which they have come. They recommend that no rail road company shall be permuted to charge more for a shorter distance than for a longer one ; that every company shall publish Us tariff of rates end shall adhere to them, and be prohibited under penalties from allowing redactions from it to indlvldoal shippers or classes of shippers, and that preferences in transportation shall be pro hibited, except such a* are allowed to live stock, perishable freight and the like. The committee condemn the policy of freight and express companies having portions of their stock In the hands of railroad officers, and declare that agents and officers ol every grade deal with the roads, accept offices and employments inconsistent with their duties, and encage In business which Interferes with the rights of the general public. The employment of station agents by express companies Is censured, as tending to Interfere with the rights of the public In the carrying of baggage and parcels on passenger trains, with the Interests of the toad In Its freight traffic, and with the rights of competing express companies. Finally, U to recommended that there shall be appointed a Commissioner of Hallways, who shall be charged with the duty of col* looting the statistics and the experience of railroad management in the State; of ob serving Ua Immediate wants and defects; of attending lo tho enforcement of the law against railroad corporations, and of exam ining Into abases In railroad affairs, with the view of protecting the rights of the stock holders and'of the public. SPRINBFIELD, The Legislative Excursion to Champaign,- Competition for the Agtloul . ' rural College*. This Omnibus and Tornado Bodes of legislation. The Penitentiary Question. Imperial Correspondence of the Chlcatro Trlhnne.l SnuxanoLOr 111, February 11. Since the adjournment of the Legislature, on Friday last, Springfield has been as dull and uneventful as Ufo In an unraked oyster bed. Even the ordinary excitement of plan ning and discussing measures among the lobbyists, daring tbc respite in the session, has been tom away, and Springfield, meta phorically, flUtclh disconsolate and mourn cth for ber legislators. At eight o'clock, on Saturday, a special train on the T. P. AW. Railroad took out of Springflold.vcry nearly every one of tbc mem bers of tbe*three houses, who had not al. ready started for his own Lares and Penates. This excursion was bound for Champaign County, hut, singular exhibit of provident genius, tbe champagne accompanied the excursionists, instead of waiting for them at the end ol the route. That explains why so many disinterested gentlemen of the third Louse went along. Five weary hours they Journeyed, like Lord Lovel, "strange coun tries for to see," hut with one accord they affirm that they were amply repaid for the tolls of travel by the welcome they received from the hospitable people of that Cham paign County, which, as Griggs asserts, "Hows with milk and honey.’* After an excellent dinner, tbe excursionists went out to view the proposed site for tbc Agricultural College, and, U is hat Justice to say, found that all the representa tions mode by Champaign County were more than realised. The Joint Committee appointed by tbc House and Senate to ex amine the proposed donations, after a care ful Inspection of the "Institute” building and tbc twenty acres surrounding It, actually put a valuation upon this pari of the prop erty $25,000 higher than had been placed by the citizens of Champaign. Tbc farm lands, one hundred and sixty acres of an experi mental farm and six bandred and forty acres fora stock farm, they likewise valued con siderably above the price put upon them by tbc proposed donors. After the inspection was concluded and tbc committee tully sat isfied of tbc genuine bona Jlde character of every proffer made, supper brought tbo events of tbo visit to a happy termination. Out, ot that supper, how the women lobbied. Sweet words, witching smiles, Infinite repe titions of the feminine argument, “now, please do, just for my sake,’* and like Influ ences in number and variety known only to the tender guile of women, shook the reso lution of many a meinberand drew reluctant promises from more than one rural diplomat. The professional lobbyists for once hid their diminished heads, recognizing the power of blandishments they could never hope to attain. Champaign was be lieved to have the “ Inside track” before this excursion, but there can be no doubt of it now, since that supper. At one o'clock Sunday morning the excur sionists returned, weary, but Jolly aud unani mously well sailsdcd with tbolr travels “away down East.” This morning they again went forth, intending to visit Bloom ington and Lincoln ere they return. Bloom ington's rotund, good-natured representa tive, ouc of the brightest ornaments to the name ol Smith, hath sagely shaken bis head and proclaimed, “ Wait until you see what Bloomington can do.” We wait and shall see what we shall see. According to the adjournment of the House, the session Is to be resumed at three o'clock this afternoon, but It Is expected that only three or four members will get to gether and adjourn over until to-morrow morning for want of a quorum. The re mainder of the session will doubtless bo very exciting, from the number of Important measures yet to come before the House, and the manner In which minor business has been allowed to accumulate in the Senate. The omnibus and tornado styles of passing bills may enable the Senate to get through the business before them la something Uko reasonable time, bnt who can let bounds to tbc speechifying yet to be done in the House overtbe Warehouse BUI, the Agricultural College, tbo re leasing of the Penitentiary, tbc abolishing of capital punishment, amend ment of tbc Constitution, relocation or ells* location of tbc State Honsc, Reform Schools and scores of other Important public mea sures? Tbc House has devoted Itself almost exclusively to the passage of petty local and private bills, vitb a noble disregard of public interests thus far in tbo session. They have passed some three or four hundred bills, incorporating in some way tbc majority of the adult male population of tbc State, and It is safe to say that not ono in twenty members has a shadow of information on more than ono in twenty of the bills thus parsed, or Ims even bothcicd hitmelfso much as to think wb»t may be tbc rights ami {lowers g.antcd In tbo reckless rush of “omnibus'* legislation. Tbc little attentloa given la committees to tbc provisions of private bills, is a matter of notoriety. Generally an individual member's “Obi that’s all right,” Is deemed cnfilclent investigation, and the committee reports iavorably on tbc bill thus carefully scrutinized. “Blits on third reading,” come up as the order of busi ness, probably an hour after the report, and on some member’s motion to “read by title only, everything the clerk has, ordered to third reading,” all go through in one grand whirl. Thus every one has a chance to pat through, pretty much as he pleases, what ever pet scheme he may have. In this way no less than 207 bills were passed on one afternoon of last week in the brief space of IGO minutes. Such miscalled legislation in a body sarcastically termed deliberative, is positively disgraceful, and yet members in sist that it is absolutely necessary. In order to get through the business within any thing approximating to tbc allotted term of tbc scss!on. A stronger argument coaid not be desired for an amendment to the Constitution. The matter of a re lease of the Peniten tiary Is still in abeyance. Tbc Committee on Penitentiary are unanimously of the opinion that a new lease could not be given to better men than those applying for it at this time; but three questions enter into a decision of the matter, which have not yet been sat Isfactorlly settled. The first of these Is the propriety of the State itself taking charge of the convicts and merely leasing their labor, instead of trusting their entire bodily and spiritual welfare to the tender mercies of the lessees. The only objections to this scheme arc in the fact that it will necessi tate an outlay of some three hundred thou sand dollars in the first year for stock and machinery, and that It will annually sink about SIOO,OOO, If we arc to take as any criterion the history of other penitentiaries which have adopted this system. As an offset are urged, the Interests of humanity. This argument Is, however, not so strong a one when General Osborne and Colonel Bane are applying for the lease, as It would have been If Dockmastcr bad retained any connection with the Institution. The second question is the propriety of granting the lease now. The chief arguments la favor of taking action at this time are the character of the men applying for ll—Uie giving to hem an opportunity to arrange for dls- position of their Immense Investment I ,n stock and machinery, before the ind of their terra, If A new lease ts refused, and the opportunity Of getting rid of all'thc old contractors, who profesa their vntire willingness to relinquish all their claim* In favor of the now contractors, If tho General Assembly aces proper at this session to grant a new lease and abrogate tho old one. Against oil these, the argument brought forward Is the indelicacy of dlspos log of the lease for a new term of years, while the old lease has still twenty-nine months to run. The last question raised la in regard to the terms upon which the lease should be granted. The representatives of the State ore disposed to demand terms to which the proposed lessees say that they cannot accede, and this is Indeed tho rock on which the negotiations are at present spill. The St. Louis Bridge Company having ap plied this session for a consolidation clause as an amendment to their charter, an at tempt has been made to trump up another bill for their same purposes, with the design offtselling it out to them. They “don’t bite,” however, knowing that any charter granted here will be Ineffective, useless and unable to Interfere with their operations, as the peculiar form In which their charter has been granted by Missouri, forever precludes that Stale from farther meddling with if, or granting the same rights to any one else. With the amendments which the Cotter Bridge Company are seeking, they claim that they can, without a week’s de lay, obtain in Kew York, every dollar neces sary for the completion of their enterprise, an amount calculated to exceed four mil lions. Amusements here have been rather brisk during the past week, Deagio’s company, with little Lotta as the “ bright, particular alar ll crowding the Opera House every night. Saturday night, Lotta was too dek to appear, and to-night she will again be unable to play. Her place la admirably filled by MUs Bailey, formerly of St. Louis, who has become a great popular favorite. Her I i* Fsnehou” has been a marked success here, tod 10-nlghl she plays It again, In consc qnencc of Lotta’s lllncs^ This morning's train from Chicago was nearly five hours late, and the dearth of newspaper Intelligence which was suffered In consequence almost reduced Springfield to a state of despair. A few of the members left behind by the excursion tbls morning, are going up this evening to Bloomington, ta attend a ball to he given there. "Don." FROM ROME. Tito Last Refuge of Ecclesiastic Despotism. Amusing Police Regulations. Tbo Bcccnt Papal Interdiction of Prot' ettimt Worship. tCorreapo&dence of the Chicago Tribune.] Hoick* January H No intelligent man conceals ibe Interest Lc /eels in Rome. Many cen- | turlca have passed since U ruled as mistress I of the world; yet It Is still the centre of | universal attention. The antiquarian and the student of history reverence the city whose name stood for the greatest empire of modem times. The Christian associates It with the labors and martyrdom of Paul and a host of subsequent confessors of the Faith, and with the grand apostasy which still lives to oppose the Gospel by means more subtle and potent than any othcrfdovlsed by the enemy of God and man. .The lover of art worships a place so rich In artistic treasure, both ancient and modem, that the contents of one of its many palaces or galleries would endow a nation elsewhere. The Papist, who in all lands glories in being a Homan Catholic, considers ibis tbe metrop olis of Christianity—tbo Jerusalem, and not ; the Babylon, ofthcnatlons. And, lastly, tbo friends of civil and religions liberty in Eu rope and America, watch with eagerness the events of each day In the lust refuge (savd Spain) of combined ecclesiastic and civic des potism, hoping for the Anal overthrow of the temporal power of the Pope and the com pletion oi Italian unity. I do not expect to throw light upon any doubtful points of history or prophecy, in connection with Rome, hut will utter a few observations on things that have come under my aye within the past week. TVe were made aware of our approach to the city by being compelled to change cars, to produce passports, and to have our bag gage searched, at the boundary of the Papal territory—a proceeding somewhat vexa tious, but in no other respect harm lul to us personally. Our passports were returned, a few boars later, at the sta tion, when wc arrived In the city. As soon as we reached the hold, our passports were again demanded by the landlord, that he | might scud written word to the police of tbe name and character of the occupant of every , room. Thus strangers are kept under con stant tunviUance, and the police occasionally visit tbe apartments to search for aml<arry away books which they think improper. There Is quite a crowd of strangers here, Americans and English principally, the far mer being the more numerous. Travellers were fearful of comlug hither about the time Hie French troops withdrew, but, as quiet still rcipus, they have poured In Uko a flood. Our hold refused entertainment to about lilty persons in one day last week. On every side wo hear martial music and eeo detachments of soldiers belonging to tbe foreign recruits who guard tbo Pope against revolutionary attempts. A tew nights since a prominent coffee-house on the Corso was suddenly sur rounded, guords placed at every door, oud each person within searched. 1 have not heard that anything was discovered contrary to loyalty and good order as here construed. Two weeks ago, the Presbyterian worship, conducted, as It were, under French protec tion, by a minister of the Free Church of Scotland, for several years past. In a private house, was interdicted, through the British Consul, Mr. Severn*, and no cflbrts of the unofficial British representative here, Mr. Russell, could secure Its continuance. The English Episcopal Church Is held outside of the walls, and thither the Scotch brethren have been compelled to go, to make a second experiment. The American Episcopal Church Is still tolerated In a private bouse in the city, because the American Minister, Vhen he came, peremptorily refused to go outside the walls lor bis Sunday worship, and said be wouldtlosc bU office and return home, unless allowed to have some place in or near his homo in which there could bo Protestant worship. A large portion of the Americans have attended the Scotch service, and arc quite indignant at the inter ference. These things show tbo spirit of Roman Catholicism at Its contre. and Indicate the utter aversion of the system to religious liberty. No sooner have tbo French troops withdrawn, than intolerance recommences What If Protestant England, with Its Estab lished Church, should treat Romanism simi larly ? It will be seen how distasteful to the Pope and bis Bishops must be Kicasoli’a recent praise ol the American method of a “ free Ch nrch in a free State.*’ Yet there Is reason to believe that the Roman Catholic Church would be stronger in Italy, and throughout the world, as a mere spiritual organization, than united os now with a tem poral power, which embitters the people sub ject to it, and loads that Church everywhere with the odium of the mlsgovernmcnt. As to the shallow pretence that the Pope coeds the temporal tower to guard his spiritual independence, it breaks down at every point. How was that independence guarded before the Pope bad any temporal power ? Why docs Pius IX. need such protection mere than did Peter, whose successor he professes to be? Who docs not know that the en tanglements oflhc temporal power with the politics of Europe have Interfered greatly, In times past, with tbo spiritual indepen dence of the Popes? And, lastly, who will harm the Pope, If he confines himself strictly to ecclesiastical affairs, and behaves like other good citizens ? Surely, Roman Catho lics might rather welcome the opportunity to pnt their Church in at least seeming ac cord with modern civilization, by withdraw ing it from complication with civil power. Delay may bring ruin to their cause In Italy itself, by forcing the people to identify the Romish Church with the despotism which they seek to throw off; to say nothing of the disgust caused in all the world beside. But it will probably be with Papacy as with oar slaveholddfs—blindness and rage will pare the way to ruin. All will be risked, and all lost. That the exact spirit of modern Romanism may be manifest, I will present the actual letter which the Papal Government inspired the British Consul to wnte to bis country man, Rev. Mr. Lewis, a copy of it having come into my hands: British ConnrnTX at Bore pccember 91,1900. f Sm: It Js my official doty to iniorm you tbat ■MoutfrDOrc Hanoi. Go\cmor of Home, has Just communicated to me that you are boldmj? Illegal religious meetings In your house, which yon xaustkoow are prohibited by Ibe Homan lair, and that yon have thus placed yourself Jn the power of the ImiuWilon. botn for arrwt and Imprison* in rut. Bat as the Monelmore permit* me lo give jtm n.&B tollcc, I would seriously advise that yon at occc pet an end to these Innovations, and tbit von visit Monstpnore Handi at Monte Citoria. and assure bim that yon will never again repeat these Hies a) act*. I bone in ride wayyoa may possibly suspend your exile, which is now banging over you. 1 am. sir, your obedient servant, (Signed) Josmi Sever*. To Hev. James Lewis. British Consol. Do we lire in the Dark Apes or in the Nineteenth Century, that threats of the In* quleition arc thus openly cast in the face of a British minister of the Gospel who has simply held worship in his own house with his own countrymen aud other foreigners ? What do those deluded persons In England and America who oro tending Homeward in their faith find attractive In a system that Is so Infallibly wrong? And, abort all, how can a friend of civil and religious liberty id* telligcntly embrace RomanUin? I shall not predict what will or will not lake place shortly In this city, for I am not In the secrets of either of the four parties These parties represent: First, Romanists who desire some reform In civil, If not In ecclesiastical matters, and furor concessions to the libcnillsis; second, Romanists who arc for going back Into the Dark Ages as far as possible, and these Just now rule the Tope, thioucli Antonclll: third, the Liberals who ore in sympathy with the Italian Gov ernment, aud advise patience and quiet for a lime; fourth, the Liberals, who are tmpa tient to have some movement for a revolt!- tlon. When men live over a volcano they must le prepared for an eruption. I think the poor Pope would test more quietly at night* If he would give up the temporal power. lie exemplifies the trite assertion that 44 Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown. 1 ’ The people arc very calm and every one seems to be intent only on ordinary busi ness. They have oven refrained lately, since the police learned the Interpretation, from shouting vivas In the theatre to fm//, the name of the celebrated Italian composer, t he letters of which also stand for Fiefor Eman. wlEe d*ltalia. To shout this now Is pun ishable ; so, under advice of their leaders, the people remain silent. Tbe Development of Coal Lud« In $u and Btndolph OdddUm, uil solt Bclltixxz, IU., February 7. To the Editoroflhe Chicago Tribune: The SI. Loots papers bare, for several weeks, been intensely exercised by the In telligence of srhat the Democrat, with a truly British disregard of American geo graphy, I* pleased to call the Cheater County coalfields In Illinois. Professor Water house has been sent down by some specula tors who own a great part of the coal land In Randolph and Jacfcaoa counties, and. Vuvlug made a geological survov out In the wood?, twelve miles from the Mississippi, elves the world an elaborate sod?° rr Th t r>=ri > coro.r^ y f»^ , Ire Invited to walk Into the enticing PjjJj* ttudojjcna correspondence with aald com* 1 rtanv with a view to mutual Improvement. ! we are further Informed that a milroad win I be built from the river at a soyenty Sics below St. Louis, to these wonderful i Ktrlon«, and that Iron can ho readily and 1 cbcaply manufactured from Mlajouti ore, previously transported thither. lbc»o advantage# Eastern capitalists arc en treated to Rive their attention, and leader «frer leader publishes magnificent vision* of dividends to bo munificently paid out to the lucky mm who will invest tholr money la this great enterprise. The secret of all this enthusiasm Is the little circumstance that the Consolidated Mining Company ownhalf of the land under which the coal lies. Were that not the fact, the Chester coal-fields would have remained undisturbed by the drills of Waterhouse or the puffs of the Democrat, resting quietly under the primeval forest that covers them. As lb Is, wo may safely conclude that their peace will not bo broken for many years, for capital Is pro verbially carcftil, and will surely go Into no wild and risky outlays when the same end can be gained without them. The 9t. Louis papers, in their new zeal for pufllnga wilder ness seventy miles from their city, and with twelve miles of hilly land between It and the Mississippi, have overlooked the St. Clair County coal-fields which lie between seven and fourteen miles from the city, and which pour Into St Lonls, over three rail roads, most of the Immense mass of coal used by her manufacturers. They forget the fact that half of the coal used in St. Louis comes from Belleville; and that the proba bility of an lee gorge In the river raises fuel to a fabulous price, notwithstanding that a “Consolidated Mining Company” Is In opera tion, over there. All of the advantages so assiduously as cribed to the woods below Chester are in re ality existing over here, and capitalists will not be slow to perceive that a railroad al ready built U bcttcr.foc purposes of trans portation than one (n nublbtu; that coal pits in operation near a city, and with transpor tation at hand, are better to take coal out of than some which are to be located In a wil derness, but arc not yet sank, and that the vicinity of o thriving city of 13,000 Inhabi tants. where coal, transportation and labor arc cheap and abundant, is a better place to build Iron works than a woody desert Inhab lied chletly by wild uatnc and rattlesnakes. - The organization of a Board of Trade In Belleville, the determination of Us citizens net to be outdone by those of any city In the West, In their liberality to manufactu rers in search of a place to erect works, and the great natural and artificial advantages of the surrounding country will attract pru dent men, and materially Interfere with the wilderness scheme lu “Chester County,” and the plana of the great “Consolidated Mining Company. Bclleville. THE SOLDIERS’ NATIONAL CF3IE« TEUY. Report of the Commlwloucrc for fill' >fr. Clark E. Carr, of Galesburg, who waa appointed Commissioner for Illinois for the Soldiers’ National Cemetery at Gettysburg, has made the following report Co Governor Oglcbby; Gatismmo. 111., February, 16*17. Hon Richard .T. Ugle-by, Governor of Illinois; Silt—As Commissioner of the Soldiers’ Na- tlonnl C’oxncleiy for Illinois, I have the liouor to report to you, ami through you to the Legislatures f attended the annual meeting of the Board of Commissioners, held at Philadelphia, I'enu., on the 12lh of December, 1800. At tlmt meet Ins reports were mode by the Hon. D.ivld Will*, President ot the Association, by the Treasurer, and by the Executive Commit'' tee. 1 herewith enclose lo you a pamphlet containing copies of each report, and also a report of the annual meeting. A detailed statement of the financial condition of the Association, of all moneys received and ex. pended, of all amounts received from each State, and all other things which arc latpor tant, relating to the Association, may bo found In these reports. The whole estimated expense of the come* Iciy, besides the cost of the ground, which was paid for by the State of Pennsylvania, was placed at $130,000, In round numbers, and each State having dead burled therein was requested to pay her pro rata share of that amount, according to population. It will be observed, by reference to the report of the President, on pages eleven aud twelve, that most of the States have already paid their pro rata shore. It is confidently ex pected that those States which have not al ready paid their full pro rata share will do so by appropriations this winter. The total amount paid lu la $110,051-04; K>tal arrears, $18,8T8.15. Illinois Is In arrears $5,001.57.

1 respectfully recommend that an ap propriation bo made to cover this amount. Illinois should bold os bleb a position In the sisterhood of States, in the honors she pays these patriotic dead, as she now occupies by their heroic deeds. It is, perhaps, proper that I should brleil; give the history and objects of this Assod atlon. After the memorable battles of Gettysburg the idea was conceived by some of the first men of the country, of establishing a Nation al Cemetery on the ground where the battle occnncd. and of dedicating!! to the patriotic dead of the whole country. Accordingly, the Governors of all the loyal States whoso troops took pail in the battle, were request ed to appoint Commissioners to meet at Get tysburg on the lUtli of November, ISO 3. to take pert in the consecration ceremonies. Commissioners were appointed from all of the States, Colonel Wm. L. Church, of Chi cago, and myself, having been appointed to represent this Stale. We repaired to Gettys burg and took part in the exercises. The President of the United States, with his Cabinet, many of the most distinguished of ficers of the army and navy, the Governors of many of the States, a large number of Senators and members of the House of Rep resentatives of the United States, and many military and civic organizations took part in the exercises. It was estimated that over a hundred thousand people were present. The oration was delivered by the late Hon. Edward Everett, of Massachusetts, and the dedicatory address by President Lincoln. About this time seventeen acres of land was purchased by the State of Pennsylvania, on a beautlfnl knoll. In the centre of the battle-field, overlooking the town of Gettys burg. This land was deeded to the State of Pennsylvania, in trust for all the States whose men had fallen in the battle. “An act to incorporate the Soldiers’ National Cemetery ” was passed by the Pennsylvania Legislature, and approved by the Governor of that State, March 24,1504. The act pro vides that the cemetery shall forever be under the exclusive control of a Board of Commissioners, consisting.-f one from each State, lo be appointed by the Governors of each State, and to hold the position for three years and until their successors are appoint ed. I was appointed as Commissioner for this State, Soon alter the act was passed the Board of Commissioners met at Gettys- burg and commenced its labors. The first dnty was to have the grounds properly laid out, and hare the dead who had been buried where they had fallen exhumed and. re moved to the cemetery. Ground was set apart to each State. The number of bodies taken up and removed to the cemetery was three thousand three hundred and jtfty.four. Earnest efforts were made to Identify the bodies from articles found upon them, and hundreds were thus Identified whose resting place and fate wouldocvcrhave been known. The dead of each State were buried together, and the name of each soldier, whose name could be oscertalncd.has been cut io an cudur* lug slab and placed at the bead of his crave. Notwithstanding the caroesteffort to get the name ot each soldier ntneAtmdrrd and tet'eniy uine graves arc nameless. These arc in ground especially set apart to them, and designated as “ the graves of the unknown.” The grounds have been tastefully laid off, a high stone wall enclosing them; in the lan*. guage of Hon. William Saunders, the de*lgn. er. •* showing no exhibition of cost or osten tatious display on the one band, and no ap. parent desire to avoid reasonable expense on the other.” TbcprevaiUngexprcaslonoftbe cemetery Is that of simple grandeur. The disposition ot trees and shrubs and lawns will produce a fine landscape effect. It is In the form of a scml-clrcle* In the centre of this scml-clrcle Is to he placed the great monument. This has been contracted for at $47,500, to be paid as the work progresses. The design ÜbyJ, O. Balterson. As a copy ofthls design is now banging In the Execu ttvc Office at Springfield, and can bo examined by all the members of the Legislature, it is unnecessary for me to give any description of It; but I will say that designs were submitted to the Board bvtnany eminent artists, and that this one was chosen by the Board with great unanlm- *J*n cWmr let me assure the members of the General Assembly that tbia National Cemetery U In the hands of practical, relia ble centlcincn, and that every dollar appro- Dilated will be widely expended. 1 Illinois troops In the front of BnforA’a Bl rUlon were the first to make the attack which commenced the battle of Gettysburg. That altck brought on the mat batlde which bu been called the tnrtfloff point of the war. From Getmbnrc t llc invadloff army was driven from the loyal States never to return. I have the honor to remain, very respect , mil?, Tour Excellency « Obedient grgn^ A Ferret and Hat Combat. rFtom the Philadelphia Telecraph.l Periapt one of the most entertaining and Interest log tcenet occurring off the stage iookplace tbU moraine at a well known eat- Inc-house In this vicinity* . . , We had scarcely entered ihcoyr when two Charieteta entirely «ul pear™, presented themseWcs at anotner door. They entered wSfa slouching put and set of hat necu- Uat to the character- They were seedy in apparelandhad the general appearance of 'i‘V, T ..vc Man. He at oncede r^tTa C tifpir* nationality, approached them rth oFmm theoWefintfr' with a pro; yincial intonation of joice. aWre l ” K SottloeSamdierr,'’ very t-mad. tola ro " bC ne«rri^ a a wallet unler hfs“"era£Tuid had a bag suspended to his Other had lost set down a kt^*iJw? o vc *fc'c we arc rat-catchers?” and with the word he drew a la Js®*^7 from his hac bv the tall, swnwr it roand and wind, endme If U and In the air. and catchUu: «t with the e«eof a I Chinese jailer, the beast exmomaff a TF. TV, PattoX. nhockfnr tameness. 11 And what Is Jo lj* a l box ?" “ Ferre's —tbc patncal animal in tbo world, and tlic llrallot. 'r Ui'r Mt I filnke up a parse, gentlemen, only n« l y cents. Just to pay for the rat, and ye shall ace tbo gamesomcal ®Bht y° cvcr BCuO * a yo jl r wm* done in no Instant. Then taking from lds pocket n Unlit niece of twlnr.be attached It to ono of tbo hind lons pi a largo jforwoy mt. ll'acompaolonhcrodrcwTrom the box a beautiful cipsm-colorod forrei oi exceeding laroencM, Uthe audfilncwy, but neared? ft third larger than the rat ho was The rat waa set on the inoucd, and the ferret displayed to him. The lerror’of tbo rat was extreme, and no gave utterance'to n cry. Llko a *nok u * l ‘ c lend sprang on bits, and tbo battle began. Tbc rot was ooly a dork apot In tbo arms or bla enemy, who bad seized him somewhere about tbo neck. ..... , T » Tbo rat lought furiously, but la vain. U vniß the embrace of death. Again and agalu did tlic exhibitor lift ttic writhing end etrucpllnc forme In olr. holding Ilio rat «tn needed liy tlic tell, the ferret still holding on nntli the last drop of blood loft the body. Tbls scene we-s three time, repelled, two additional rata cacaplnc from bla hand ■ being killed by bla torrlerawhoacompanlcd him. Some Idea of the value of the ferret to exterminating tbo rat may bo formed 1 from the fact that ho, with bis five ferrets, i destroyed no less than 19.0T0 last year alone. . Ho estimates the cost of a rat In a bpnse or i born, with what they cat and wbaUJjpy de r stroy, at one dollar per week. George Peabody’'* Donation of Two million One Hundred Thousand DoU lar*, for tbe lidncmilon ol Southern \outb) While and Black. [From the Washington Intelligencer, February o.] In Hie execution of a favorite scheme of public benefaction, Mr. George Feabodv, whose riches have been lavishly but Judi ciously bestowed In numerous acts of real public charity, two days ago addressed the following letter to the gentlemen named; To Hon. Robert C. Winthroo, of Ma«aachnse;ta ; Hon. Hamilton Fuh, of New York; Right Rev. Charles F. UcUraine, of>ObIo; General U, S. Grant, of the United States Army; Han. William C. uivee, of Virginia: lion. John. H. Ch£ord, of Massachusetts: lion. William Aiken, of South Carolina; William M. Evans, Esq., of 2*cw York; Hon. William A. Graham, of North Carolina; Chat lea Macalester, of Penn sylvania ; George W. Riggs, Esq., of Wash melon; Samtud wetmorc. rlsq., of New York; CKdward A. Bradtoid, Esq., of .Louisiana: George R. Eaton, Esq., of Maryimd; and George Peabody Russell, £eq., of ilajsachu tcus: Grrmoinr: I beg to address von on a subject which occupied my mind long before I left tng- Und, and In regard to which one. it least, of you (the lion. Mr. Wmthroo, the distinguished and valued friend to whom I am so much indebted for cordial sympathy, cartlulxoiislderation. and wise counsel in tuU mailer) win remember that I con sulted him immediately.upon my arrival in May |,yt, Iriferto the educational needs of those por tion- of oar beloved and common counts which haveaugcrca ftom the dcsltuciire rav-ure**, and the cot leas disastrous consequences of civil war. W ilh my advancing years my attachment to my native laud bus butnecomo more devoted. My hope and faith In Its auccve.-fal and glorious fu ture have ciowu brlahlcv and swongvr, and now, looking forward beyond my stay on eaub, as may be pci untied to one who Has passed the limit of three score and ten years, X seo oar country united and prosperous, emerging Horn the clouds which still ruriouD" her, takings higher rank among tbc ballons, and becoming richer and more pow erful than ever bclore. But to male bur prosporUv more than super ficial. her moral and Intellectual development should beep pace her material cro-'ta. and in these poruons of oar natlou to which I have r' lcncd, the urgent and prcsplng physical needs of an almost Impo'cnslitd people must for some years preclude them from making, by unaided effort, such advances io education aud such pro gress in tbc diffusion of Knowledge among ail claries as every lover of bis country must ear nestly drslr<’. 1 f-et most deeply, therefore, that it is the duly and privilege .of ttc moru favored and woahby fituiiDua ol our nation to assist those who are loss ortnual'*, and, with the wish to discharge so far os 1 may be able my own responsibility in this matter, as well as to gratify my desire to aid those to whom 1 nm bound by so many tl'S of attachment and regard. I give to you, gentlemen, most ot whom hire my personal and espe cial hi* nos. the sum of onu million of dollars, to he by yon and your successors held In Crust, and the it come thereof used and applied In your dis cretion for tbc promotion and eticoaragianont of intellectual, moral, or Industrial education among the yonne of the more destitute portions of the Southern ami Southwestern States ol our Union: my purpose being that the benefits Intended shall be disinhnted among the entire population, with out other distinction than their needs and the op portunities ol usefulness to them. itesiacs tbc income tbns derived, 1 give to you permission to use from tbc principal snm, within the next two years, an amount not exceeding forty per cent. In addition to this girt 1 placo in yoor hands bonds of the State of Mississippi, issued to tbo Planter#’ Dank, and commonly known as Plant ers* Hack bonds, anaoantlng.wlfbtntcroflt, to about eleven hundred thousand dollars, the amount realized by yon front which is to bo added to and used (or the purposes of this trust. These bonds were originally Issued In payment lor stock In that bank held by the Sum. and amounted in all to only two millions of dollars. For many yean tbo State received largo dividends irom that hank over and above tbo Interest on these bonds. The Slate paid the interest without interruption till 1310, since which no interest baa been paid, except a payment of about one hun dred thousand dollars, which was found in tbo Treasury applicable to the payment of the cun poos, and paid by a mandamut of llio Supremo Court. The validity of these bonds has never been quentoued, and they must nut he confound ed vrltn auothertsttue of bonds made by the Statu to the Union Bank, Ihc recognition of which has been a subject of controversy with a portion of the population of Mississippi. Various acts ox the Legislature, viz., of Febru ary 28. 1&4S; February S 3,18 H: February IG, iMfi; February 28. l&lfi; March t, 13X9, and the highest Judicial tribunal of the Bute, nave con firmed iticlr validity; tod I Dave no doubt that at an early day such legislation Will he bad ad to make these bonds avallshlu In increasing tbe use (ulnes* of the present trust. Mississippi, though now decreased, is rich In sgricnltnrAi resources, and cannot long disregard the moral obligation resting upon her to make provision for their payment. In confirmation of what 1 have said in regard to the legislative and Judicial action concerning tlo State bouda Issued tothe riatHvr** Bank, I herewith placo in your bands the documents marked A. Tbo details and organization of tho trust I lean with you, only requesting that Mr, Wln throp nay be Chairman, and Governor Fish and Bishop McHvalne Vice Chairmen of yonr body. And 1 gtveyon ]towcr to make all necessary by laws and regulations, to obtain an act of incorpo ration ir any shall he found expedient, to provide for tbe expenses of the trustees and of any agonta appointed by them, and generally do all such acta as may be necessary for carrying oat tho provis ions of ibis trust. All vacancies occurring In your number, by deoth, resignation, or otherwise, shall be tilled by vunr election, so soon as conveniently may ho, and having in view an equality of representation, eo far os cesatds the Northern and Southern Staun. I furthermore give to yon the power. in cate two-thirds of the endecs shall at any time after tho lanso of ihhty years deem it expedient, to close this trust, and of the rands which at that lime shall be in tbe hands of yourselves and your successors, to distribute not less than t>vo>thtrds among such educational or literary institutions, or for such ed ucational purposes, as you and they may deter mine in the Hales tor whose bcuofitdtae I’icome is now appointed to be need. Ihc remainder may be distributed by the trustees for educational or 111- esarv purposes wherever they may deem it expe dient. li> making this gift, lam aware that tbc fund derived from it can hut aid the States which I wish to benefit In their own exertions to diffuse tbc blessings of education and morality. But if this endowment shall encourage those nnw anxious for the light of knowledge, and stimulate to now efforts the many good and noble meu who cherish tbc high purpose of placing nur great country foremost, not only in power, bit In the Intelligence and virtne of her citizens, it will have accom** pushed all that X can butte. With reverent recognition of the need of the blcsslrg of Almighty God upon this gift, and with the teryent prayer that under Eli guidance your counsels may be directed for the highest good of present and future generations In our beloved country, 1 am, gentlemen, with great resuect, your Humble servant, Geocqe I’zabodt. WisncvcTos, February 7,1H7T, Upon tbe receipt of this letter bp Hon. R. C. Wlnthrop. a meeting of the trustees named therein was called by him at Wil lard's Hotel. There were eight present: Hon. R. C. Wlnthrop, the Right Rev. Bishop McHvalne. General Grant, Governor Aiken, Messrs. William 31. Evarts, C. Macalcster, George W. Riggs, Samuel Wetmore, George N. Eaton, and George Peabody Russell. To these gentlemen Mr. Wlnthrop submitted the letter of Mr. Peabody- Remarks were made by several of those who were present upon the munificence of the gift, the great hearted patriotism of the donor, and the in calculable good that might be accomplished by the means thus entrusted to their use. Governor Aiken, of South Carolina, attempt ed to speak on the subject, hot was so much overcome by his emotion that he was unable to proceed. The following resolutions were offered by Bishop McHvalne, and adopted by the trustees: llOlfli Whereas, Oar honored countrymen and Mend. George I’eaDodr. ha e , in a letter ]aet comnmnlca ted to the undersigned, made known bis determi nation, oat of a grateful cense of the maullold goodnetfl with which God has prospered bis life, and of an earnest desire to promote the beat Inter ests of bis fellow-cill*cns,lo devote a munificent donation of property for certain most wise and SStffigf sfc agement of the same; therefore, fittoltnl* That the undersigned, being the trus ses assembled in Washington, deeply sensible of the honor conferred on them by a irnal of such eminent importance and responsibility, and real izing their dependence upon the guidance and nlcsslng of God lo be enabled to discharge Us dalles with such wisdom and faithfulness aa may brSt secure the benevolent designs of the gift, do hereby accept Ibe office ol trustees of the came, atdpronieeonrbestcxertiona in its behalf. 1 That we hereby express to Hr. Pta looy our grateful appreciation of the enlarged ana unprecedented generosity which, after hiving bestowed on the poop of the city of London a bounty that drew fo:th the admiration of Cotope, and after having exceeded the came io his recent retain to hIF native fund In benefactions to luHtl tuiloncofiearnligandcdncation In the Middle and Eastern Slates oi ihe Union, has nowerowned tbe whole with the last deed of patriotism and lovlecklcdops# so eminently calculared to bind together the seven! parts ol our beloved coinlry In the best bonds of mutual wclMolue and re- B /,?co/rerf. list we express lo >ff- Peabody our n sped fill and affectionate prayer ihallnlhegra clous piovidencv ©four EeaveidvFaihcr huivaln able life may be long spared to witness tbe saocess ot his benevolent ccntnbuuonßfoihehappJm.B* of bis fellow-cillaens In all parts of bis native and beloved land, and that many of those whom God has blessed with large possessions mrf be In duced to follow bis example of wUe and noble employment of wealth for ihe good of man and a. tiorj oi G«% olntr c WnrnmoP . CtUIOtS P. JiCILTAIW*. ' U. S. onairr. General U. s. A. Wnuix Aisnr. Ww U.£tjlßTS, C. Mscsxxarni, GEORGE w, lUOOF, Sawcei. Wetxoue, Gxonoc N. Fans. GEOBOS riABODT RCBrttt. After the adoption of the resolutions, BUhop Mcllvalnc offered up an eloquent prayer lor the success of the enterprise tbna Icocetinned by lie patriotism, public spirit, and true Christian philanthropy of the Ren crons originator oi the design for the sd yaneement of that portion of oor country now prostrated and desolated by the myages o< An r irean!rition of the Trustees was ef fccted with Mr- B-C. Wlnthrop,Chairman; BUhop Alcllvaine and Hamilton Fish, Esq., m Vice cSlrroen, and George Peabody Raa 6ai a s Secretary, and the commltteeanecea earr for tbe speedy Inauguration of tin exe cution of the provisions of the trust were appointed. THE PEABODT GIFT* Sick or a. Fever —A Wisconsin man,, stopjpirp at tbe Astor House, Sew York, tells tb Un Sunday, belnc desirous; of bearing era! of the more famous pulpit Orators of the metropolis, he went In the rooming to Dr. Chapin's chinch, hot heard a stronger preach fromthe text, “Bat Simon’s gift’smother Isjslckofn fever.” In U* afternoon ho vent to Beecher's ctmch, and heard the F»uie discourse from the wmo preacher. Up- Inc In the evening to Dr. Osgood * ho found the same clergyman and the aame. theme—“ Simon's wife’s mother lay elck or a tover.” The next day Iho patient hearer Of the tbrlco . told discourse was crossing to Brooklyn In a ferry boat when the alarm In the park agitated the air with Its shocks of sound Andaman behind him Inquired why that hell was tolling. Looking up he flaw that now familiar face of the preacher, and bos piompt to reply: “I think Simon’s wife's molbcr'must ho dead ; I heard three times yesterday that she was sick of & fever," REVENUE STAMPS. Amount of 8(ani(» Sold and income Therefrom. [Prom the Philadelphia Inquirer. February 9.] It Is often remarked that an Immense num ber of revenue stamps must bo used by our people during flic course of a year, and that the Income derived from this aoarco-cxclu* elvciy cannot but bo largo in amount. In the legal profession, particularly, to which stamp duties are almost wholly con fined, wo have heard a natural cariosity ex pressed as to the actual amount of such rev enue, and the number of stamps used per annum. Wo hare Investigated this matter as far as practicable, and giro an exhibit of figures certainly very Interesting and Instructive. It Is but natural to snopose that In a coun- I try as large as ours, with the vast business transacted, that tbe number of these stamps I Is my large, but we much, doubt whether the true number has been known, or even I dreamed, by a largo majority of the general community. And wo think that It will as- I tonish many when we tell them that the total number of these stamps sold by the Govern- I nunt daring the fiscal year ISGo amounted to 1 nearly four hundml\ t mUlions, This may ap i pear fabulous to mauy. but there Is uo doubt 1 of the correctness of the figures, os they come from an official source. The revenue 1 yielded on this immense number of stamps I amounted to over fifteen millions of dollars. I There arc two kinds of those stamp* ; one : being the regular public stamps, and the other the private or proprietary cues. The former are printed with a uniform design, 1 and from plates belonging to the Govern ment deposited In the bauds of the printer. : The latter are of such design as may be se ' lecUdby the parlies requiring them.’ The ; Government concedes the privilege to - Indl -1 tlduols in business to stamp their respective I manufactures with a design of their own | choice, If preferred. The plates are executed I at their expense and deposited with the Gov ernment agent, who furnishes the stamps. When the parties want a supply ot ihelrown ttamps, they send an order for thcjiumher requited to the Commissioner ot internal Kevenue, who gives the proper directions In the case, and the parties are promptly and correctly furnished. The whole range of denominations Is as fol lows ; Ic., 2,3, 4,5, 0,10, IS, 20, 23, 30. 40, 50 00. 70c , ?1.60. 1.80, 1.50, I.ob, 1.00, 2.t», 250. 3.00. 3.00, 5.00,10.00, 15.00,20.00, 25.00, from this that the smallest denomination Is one cent in value, and the largest two hundred dollars, with a general division that will allow ony combination re qub-ite to meet the rates of duty prescribed denominational range of the private slumps is confined to 1,2,3, 4,5, 0, 8 and 10 cents, face value. It may surprise some persons to learn that the private stamps used considerably out number the Government ones, yet such is the fact, the former numbering over two hundred and Ihlrly-six millions as the ag create tor ISftl, while the latter gave nu aggregate for the same year of about one hundred and sixty-three millions. But while the number of stamps la in favor of the proprietary class, the revenue ) lelded I, on Iho Bide of the puMlc class. The private {lamps above aisled, yleldedobout three oniLa half millions of dollars: while the public onv* yielded eleven and a half I millions. , , . ~ . There are many curious facta noticeable in , connection with tiro subject. For Instance, tho number of one cent stamps of private dc* sicn. sold In ISOO, was 100,93i,*14, against 311,(Ml) of the Government does. But during the game period tho number sold of the Ut ter class of ftru cent denomination, was 128.588,400, against 83,039,51)0 of the former Cl Th*c private fArre cent stomps sold during the time, was 18,003.734, against only 105,345, public class; 13,432,884 four cent ones, private class, against 137,588, public class; i,l7o,l24yiwcmr ones, private class, against 17,532,558, public class; 415,832 ten cent ones, private class, against 4,538,434 public class. The revenue accruing to the Government from Ibis one source has steadily and largely Increased each yeor. For the fiscal year 1803 It amounted to $4,140,175; for tho year 1804, It was $5,8«4,W5; for the year 1805, it ran suddenly.tip to $11,102,802, and la 1300, 11 reached to over $15,000,000 These statements give the stamps only that arc sold and used. If to the figures given was added tho number of stamps that ought to bo used, the grand total reached would ex hibit a sum that might well be a matter of much astonishment. A HEAVY UOOBEUV. A Citizen of Chicago Robbed of gS,OOO lu a New Vurk Street Car. (From ibo Now Tork Herald, February 0.) A robbery of a most during character was perpetrated at a late hour oft the night of the Tib Instant. It appears that Mr. M. M. Loratny, a wealthy gentleman of Chicago, and agent of the Chicago Glass Works, who Is at the picsenl time stopping at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, had on the night In question, in company with a few friends, paid a visit to the winter Garden. After the conclusion of the performance he left the theatre and took the cars, with the intention of proceed* Ing to his hotel. The car which he entered was considerably crowded, and In consequence bo was obliged to content himself with a place on the tear pisiform. During the progiess of the car he noticed that several Indlvidu* ale, who were afro occupants of the plat* form, kept pushing against each oilier, us if with tbe Intention of obtaining more room. He thought nothing ol the circumstance un til the car reached the corner of Twenty second street and Broadway, when, bearing a bystander make a casual remark aiKiut pickpockets and thieves, and the dangers of travelling on the city cars, the thought re curred to him that lie had a large amount of money about him. Ho accordingly com menced an examination of Ills pockets, when, to his utmost consternation, be di-covorcd bis pocket-book was missing. With Up raised hands, and in a most despondent lone, he exclaimed,Mv God—l am robbed of $S,000I” Mr. George Christy, who . was standing on the cross-walk at the time the car was passing and hearing the remark directed hla attentloulto the front platform, from which be observed a young man, apparently oce of the “clv fakinc” fraternity, taking his departure. Mr. Christy followed the man to the Fifth avenue, who, imagining there was no one on his trail, walked off In the most unconcerned manner possible. After walking a short dis tance, be started on a brisk trot, when Mr. . C., thinking matters had about come to a turning point, stepped up to him, and, seiz- | Ing him by the collar, exclaimed “You are my prisoner.” Toon this, the man turned around and gave Mr. Christy a blow, almost knocking him down. A severe tassel then took place, and the thief suc ceeded In freeing himself, and started off at a brisk run, Mr. C. following, crying out “Stop thief; slop thief.” While passing Twenty second street Mr. Warren, Superintendent of the Detective Police Agency, hearing the cries, and seeing a man coming in his di rection, rushed across the street, when a second encounter took place, and the run away found his match. During the progress of the struggle an officer belonging to the Eighteenth Precinct came np and rendered assistance in capturing the desperado. He was placed in charge of the officer, and Messrs. Warren and Christy then com menced a search for the missing property, thinking that as none had been found on the person of the thief he might hare thrown It away while endeavoring to make his escape, so as to leave no evidence against him if he got “pulled,” but this was an old dodge with the detective, as, after a faltbinl search, a roll of bills and several coupons detached from fifty dollar bonds were discovered on the sidewalk. These were banded over to the officer in charge of the prisoner. Arriving at the sta tion bouse a still further search'was institu ted, resulting, however, In the finding of only a few bills and a number of suspicious look ing keys. Tbe prisoner’s name Is John Bron son, alias Charles Brown, and is represented as a desperate character, one of tbe most ex pert pick? ockcts in tbe city, and a dangerous fellow. The pocket-book containing fS.OOO Paraguay Valley gold mining stock, and S3OO In money, has not »s vet been obtained, and tun ocuut is mat It wsb |««vu •/. “ pals ” during the confusion. Endeavors were made to make the prisoner disclose his confederates, but all attempts in this direc tion proved unavailing. The offalr la at pres ent In the hands of the detectives. Aboriginal TetUcMln jlexleo, [Cfaihnslms (Mexico) CoirefponJcßCtt of the JTew York Herald.) Tbe Torolmraires Lave no traditions what ever of their former existence, or how many centuries they have occupied these moun* tains of Chihuahua. The Jesuits found them there three hundred years ago, and suppose that they took possession of the district alter the great Aztec tribes had swept southward in their march to’ the valley of Mexico. There are evidences here that this g'cat southward march of the Aztrcs was not peaceable, but that a terrible* slaughter of the native races marked the line, lor In the district occupied ny the Toralmnures, ana especially near th® towns of Guazapares ana Cerrocahul, »re numerous large caves in the mountain sides which are packed fUll of Indian corpses, Just os you would pile up wood. Thousands of these dried up corpses arc sometimes found piled up in one cave. They have on the same clothing In, which they were burled, , and In many cases It la found quite well pre served. It is of wool and cotton fabrics, and Is of a style unknown to any one who Is ac quainted with the ancient Aztec costumes. The air la perfectly fresh In the caves and the corpses are dried like an Egyptian mummy. This Is thought to be due to the presence ox large saltpetre deposits. The best Informed among the Tarabumores say that these piles, of corpses existed In these caves when their ancestors took possession of the lands, and that they have never disturbed them. The bodies ore of a much taller race than the Tarabumarcs. The Jesuits suppose them to be the slain in battle of one of the tribes w hich opposed the Aztec advance to Mexico. Barbarous Cruelty to Children at Now Orleans, [Frcm the J«ew Orleans Picayune, February U. One of the most startling and barbarous cases of Inhumanity ever occurring In any com munity was partially examined In Recorder Ahern’s Court this morning. The brute, for we can call him by no other name, charged with this heinous crime, stood bold and brazen before the Recorder. Three ot h!s chHdren, aged respectively eight, six and four years, were In his presence, bearing on their bruised bodies Injuries indicted by this Inhuman wretch. When called to the bar, he responded to the name of William Smith. He resides on Liberty' street, between Thalia and Erato, and Is by occupation a ship carpenter. When the BUegalfon»wcrepronouucsd*s* ilWl him by the several witnesses called to the stand, the oedhpants of the court room, startled Cy the alirmlng developments, crowded 'eagerly around and listened for some defence on the part of the accused, whereby bo might be exculpated from the charges made. The wife of tbc accused died some four , months sco, leaving behind her six children, four of whom were girls and two boys—the youngest of the children being but fourteen months old. While the oldest of the ehlldrcn sought and obtained employment outside of her home.the next oldest, unable to submit to tbo cruelty of her parent, ran away irom homc.prcfcrrlng to trust to the cold charity of strangers rather than live a life of torture. The remaining four children, the oldest of whom Is aged eight years and the fourteen months, appeared In court in the presence of their inhuman parent, ami looked with chlld-llkc Jnnoctnco upon the scene transpiring around them. Mrs. Carr was called to the stand. She stated that she Is a neighbor of the accused ; on Monday evening heard cries In the house of accused ; repaired thither, found tbo gate and door locked ; beard the children crying “mercy,” “savemo;” peered through the fence : accused was kicking one of the chil dren. One of the children was hero pre sented, and marks said to have been Indicted with a hot poker upon tbo face and body ot the boy were visible to every one present; another of tbo children hod one of bis ribs broken ; marks on Ihe head of another of the children only four years old, where the hair Lad been singed and the scalp burnt, the old est child, Muggie,statlngihat “pa had placed little Jimmy’s bead in the firewhen their outcries alarmed the neighbors the children’s torture was made more horrible. Magpie further stated that on Monday her pa locked the door, and placed a rope around the neck of her two brothers, James and Willie, aged four and six years, respect ively, Intending to hang them, bat was in terrupted ; the rope and poker was produced In Court. When asked for an explanation of such conduct, the accused merely replied that it was done to frighten the children; he did not attempt to deny the charge. He re ferred to his wile, who had been dead but a few months, m most disrespectful terms— spoke of her as a “ drunken thing.” He Is represented by his neighbors as a man of violent and ungovernable temper, although sober andilndustrlous In his habits. Corporal Lally made the arrest as the ac cused was returning from his day’s work. BEAL ESTATE IS KEW YOUK. Valuation of Some of the Principal property. fFrom the New York Tribune, February 9.] An examination ol the tax books reveals Borne curious facta In regard to tbe valuation of real estate aud buildings In the business portion of the city. V* hen a building which a valued at $1,000,000 by real estate brokers is assessed for less than SIOO,OOO, the cation Into statistics is apt to bo started. The following table Is submitted without further comment; ST H *3 o sS a 2. 2. Se o g 9 §*- Namc of tha halidt* k or Mnm.Tute Im. Co.. TSino t ,80,000 Wilia »«,«» KO,mO ;SSl.n Bank... Won gMjij N Y Life Ins. C 0.... 37x;47 P'O.t'OO 400,ni» V Uib-BT .liiUKi na,ouo as\w» Uank otu/mUiUc..,, Ux 7U 4M\WW nt \lrtirlnit L'nok ... <3l 53 loO,OCO Mo&Ss”»ilota ß ...niW »,« »«.}*« Son MlllMl JM; 80... :« J 5 g|,WO 3f1,0C0 Tontine immune.!.;! 63* SI moco g |g» K»Tb" S*.'!*:..:" SSIS IKS ContlucliUl Bank lIK W JJ'jJ® Duncan fehermac lflx 88 lmiikofCoirnnon«'imaii 80 2k;,000 W,'W' llu&k of Commerce.. 74x103 375,000 6jO,WM| ■lunwi’s UuldlUff.-.-lU'x 73 2’KJ.OuO |,250,0U1 S[kor*s..SSfß.v.4,xso mju ojg,™ ic>i.ivllullilliur SUx TO IKJ.OOd a-4J.wW Her ß *Q DmldlnffV..:.. 08x103 130,*000 1,000.00*. uichtcriVo.tS «»i« 5*555 gg.wo Wcilcilv & C 0........ COx 07 143,000 3l)J,i* | 0 Tim'. BulMldk «I M Mg <Wjj» Sun OnildiSSCt.x .... 02x115 1*5,000 B’O.Dd) u“S.T Ilniillinß MxllW 130,000 MO.IH) Attar llouo IMJI',3 WO.IW broldwajr Back 23x123 100,000 aikUU lm^“i T 103,000 900*0 C&caical Daok S3x Ul 85.000 200,i«j0 Bank 23x01 lso,w« ».o,o*d Kit & A.Stewart „.13*ixUS» SW.'W «V.OW target Je Co i'»x 77 II.u» M,iwrt (Jcouu Sank.. 31* 31 70,300 130,U) < .I GUaxd UQdM 73X 7« 100,000 250.0*W Fn-nch’sllolel 72x4« 130.000 100.001 Uainci’s IIU.UUO 300.000 Mulfatt’s BnIUUDR.... ttsxlTU 125.000 223,000 Taylor’s Bold SOxI.MJ SW>,OnU -150,000 Utandrcth Uonso IWililG J 30,000 Oaj.iiiu Clstlln’s Bnilduff 9Kx 80 Bau,«» LoW.«ki A.V Stewart... 937x181 3M.U00 1,650,000 i. H. Jariiay 00x175 2*3,000 450,tt0 Wo. B. Aaior ‘5x114- 973,0U(J 450,1*00 Bowery Theatre 73x200 60,000 41W.WM Old Barton’s 75x150 125.000 Brt,tU) Prcacott House Kixl23 IBO.WIO 1*41.000 Lord Jc Taylor's 105x100 210,'U) 450.«ikr Siouo Church 100x125 UuKJO Hi3,oed Metropolitan Hotel...SoixWO 650,000 1,450,000 SI Nicholas 530. WW J.mw.oOj A, T. Stewart 111*150 175,000 150.u*.’0 J. O. Ikm.cU 15x100 m.ono 125,000 Fifth Avenue Hotel...lo7x2’*-l Bt**,wW 1,000,000 Union Club Rooms... MxiSO JWi.OOtl 2**0.000 August Bvlmont 70X130 03,000 225,000 SI. James Hotel 01* 75 lft*,OuO 400,000 iiotiman lionet* UWx 67 ]BU,ooO 450,000 Albemarle House .. .IHxilU 14*1.000 430,0*0 ClarunCOD 103x123 63,000 OUd^OD A. T. Stewart’s Store..tSUXlOO 24*1,0.0 TT.y.OOO Lafarge llouec 150x100 280,000 700,000 World iiuildinc 93X114 375,000 51'0.10Q Lord A Tailor’s lUltxlOl lOJ.OOO 20**,tl»> Universal!*! Church... 20x100 BXOOO 145,(XXl Urauks Brothers 100x200 565.0U0 730,000 CO parcels of property f is,6lc*,ooo fTJ,St>3,UtO A SINGULAR SUICIDE. A IHnn .TlakM a nblnkc lo !Uen»ttrlne r Uargc of <'oul uud Shoot* Himself on Account of 11. I From ido Mantel City »ni.) Journal, February 9.) This community wua startled last evening by the report that Mr. David Johnson, the ou), fuitliiul uml well known Government employe, wbo Las bad charge of tbo coal fleet at the Naval Station Tor the post three years, bad committed suicide by snooting lnnw-cif through the head. On Inquiry we found tbe report was too nearly true, lie was found in bed at bis quarters, on a l>oaL attached to tbe Ucet of coal barges tied up In froKl of the Navy Yard, at half-past four p. in. yesterday, dead from a pistol shot tired by lus own hand Into the mouth, the ball apparently having lodged in the brain, and produced death instantly. The deed was evidently committed tbe night previous— I Thursday night—his non* upj>caranrc having excited remark, and caused tbo investigation that resulted in finding tbo deceased as before stated. Ho was absent from breakfast and dinner on Friday, and no one had seen him that day up to the lime be was found dead. Another circumstance also indicates quite conclu sively that tbe deceased killed himself on Thursday night. Align} half-past nine o'clock that night several officers on the monitors lying near the coal Sect heard a pistol sbot,the sound coming from the direc tion of theTioat used by Johnson for quar ters. The boat was occupied by him alone, and was securely closed against outsiders at the time his dead body was fonnd, the man who discovered it having to force open a window to obtain entrance. The pistol with which Johnson killed him self was found clutched in his right hand, on bis breast, apparently in the precise position it naturally fell after the shot was fired. On a shelf near by lay hfs pocket-book and watch. In fall view. The former contained $310.(13, In National currency, excepting about §1.30 la specie. About tbe room in which deceased was lying was also fonnd, in different places, $450 in currency and S3O in gold. It is evident, therefore, that pecuniary embarrassment had noth ing lo do with Ida act of self-de strnctloD. He owned the boat that he used for quarters, which is worth about S7OO ; and it is rumored, though we know not how cor rectly, that he has $3,000 in hank. He was a> bachelor, about forty years of age, and had always been very steady, prudent and eco nomical, and therefore saved money rapidly. Lying on a table near the bed of 'deceased was' found a half sheet of foolscap, on one side of which were the figures be used to obtain the measurement of iv barge of coal, received for Government from a contractor some weeks since, and In which, measure ment a mistake bad been made that lost for the Government about 400 bushels of coal. Tliis, it Is generally conceded, was the cause of the suicide. DIVORCES. A New BUI Before the Wisconsin Le; IsJatarc. Madison tho Mil'vankcc Sen- A bill was Introduced a day or two since, taJiS!! c relJUs6vt.uo6 «V&sav*-ie,»We(j from committee. It makes a most radical change In the divorce laws and practice of Wisconsin, and that in a very few words. To come at the mailer ai once, the mil so amends the divorce laws as to make them conform to that set torth in the New Tes tament. It enacts that na wanted by any awrt in Wt*vn*in far any other catur than adußerp. The foundation for this law is to be found in mious places lu the New Testament, where Christ»teach, lues on the subject ore recorded In clear unit unmistakable laneuo ß e—lor luaUncc in Matthew xix: 9 and ilark x:—l am not informed whether the hill makes provision for divorce from bed and board, for tauaes other than adultery. In “Ldftonu-lU should do so, and In that condition win commend itself favorably to .a very l?n;o class of the people, particularly to deni, zens of cities, where divorces arc almost dally sought and obtained, simply f° r tbc reason that the husband (much less likely Jhe wHV) has become tired of the partner unto whom he swore to cleave, forsakinff all others,” and now seeks to put ber otT. merely because he has found Sore attractive person, or more brilliancy of charms, than the one whom God be* lined S him. It is becoming known to everybody that, under the practice of mod cmlourts, ihe marriage toad Is belng roa cicrcd looker and less sacred: and that many vices and much xinhapplncM Is wsuittog ! therefrom. Why. n lawyer of illlvcsuk.ee il will not gay who, for he might have too , large an influx of business,) lately told me that he would undertake and pledge his le~al reputation to procure a divorce for any married person m the city.. I. do no*, claim to have investigated the subject thoroughly enough to pronoimce upon the practicability of t the chance In the law of divorce*. But its principle Is most unmistakably enunciated by'onr Savior, and Is to this day forced by the Church of tome ; and butu.w people will claim that there Is not .too great laxity In our laws as they now eral Hobart hardly expects to get tnc dux through the Legislature this session, but he coLdlcra lf a reform that ought, to be lows united, and cannot be inaugurated t<»won. At Icaia two of the members of the d“dlcl . will report In favor of the 1 bIS Hd smt of the ablest membera of o S}» houses bare expressed tbemscslvea os lu x tending to advocate Us passage. Jff AN- INGENIOUS MONKEr.-An EnglUU ocn tlctnsn relstes tbe followlm; trick of a pet Lonkey that nsb kept chattedto bis yard. About We leet beyond bis reach stood-a trough In which a pig was feu. The monkey was very fond of thubarley meal which was frequently given io the pig, but- Uow to get It. while tints faßtcncd, might pu 7? i e tr»i. wiser animal. The mocker, bower*,. V upon the lollowlng plan : While th<* m* J* 11 i feeding, the monkey adzed the tail W* porker and save It a aharp pull; u,. h,, f turned quickly to return a bite an.l i^ r do ne M fall a mouthful of the drsirnd tart mini, which his cunning lormcnter aldy aprroprla'cd ; he repeated the . mint, with great aalisfactioii, until lb* iL , V* was finished. -1 * THE MONSTROUS TARIFF BILL, A NPW York View of the Qtir,il<m, Jt (From (be K«w York Herald. s | * . Tho great and dominant Republican p xrlT wluch la eo overwhelmingly powerful lu <* m* - grew and In the several Slate (faveramema “i - and which la united upon general HiUejl if questions, ia widely divided upon u«j UriiT Vv question. In truth we may say tlio t Wt>(Ht . * tlonsoflbat party, the high tariff proi* v ? llonlsla of New England ami tfic lo« * Republicans ol the west, arc bitterly to each other on this subject. The lladK-al f organ of the West, the Chicago Tumis* is : the champion of the Utter, and Its name- v sake, the organ of the Radicals, publbUvd i In this city, w the advocate of thcfi..-m,. r ’ The press of tho party throughout the Wet and the East Is generally divided in thymine < way, and follows In the wuku of these two • papers. It may ho said that this is “a pretty quarrel as It stands;” but we might Judging from the strong language used, aili the'warnings and threatening* thrown out. by both sides, that U is destined to bring be* fore long serious discord. The material Interests of a community or section of country are moru powetful than mere political dogmas or political organisa tions. The agricultural W est m naturn'hj poml to the monstrous billo/abomination ctVnl the Tariff bill now before Congress. It is, as t the.papers of that section say, economically r ; a blunder, and fraught with extreme danger, and that political and commercial ruin will follow In its train. It Is estimated that the average of the present tariff la fifty-eight per cent, in gold, on all dutiable goods, or near eighty per cent in currency; that is, *> y the people are paying about a dollar and eighty cents for every dollar’s worth of Im ported poods they use. Yet the Eastern manufacturers are not satisfied’ with the protection thus afforded. They demand more protection, and arc moving hcavoa and earth to get U. Though there are not more than six members of the Senate, as one of the Western Radical Journalist* asserts, who believe that the bill is right, jet Congress Is goaded on to passing it j,y an importunate and merciless lobby * which that Wj has not the courage to re- Gist. HVH may the Western people cry out but ity against Pteh one-sided, partial and .vx‘ti»n.d IrafeMUotu Not only are they made to pay near difhty per cent moro than the mai ket ♦ value of what they consume, and threatened with heavier burdens, for tho heucilt of a few Eastern manufacturers, but they are dc- ( prlvcd at the same lime, and by the mne y high tariff, from markets for their produce. * ItTs a twofold evil—a double oppression. Many vears will not pass before the mn lllctirg interests of the great atricn'unal West and New England on the question of protection or the tariff will nssuiuc larger proportions. It U the nature of things that Ihisthould be so. Tbls conlllct will be a powetful wedgo In dividing the present dominant political party and in retormlng other parties. We cannot doubt a- to v. hi; will be the result. The extraordinary growth of the West must give that section a prc. ponderating power In this country, New England, with its selfish protection dogma*, will be left In the background, and the more persistently it urges Us tariff n >tb>nt the more will it hasten Us own Isolation. In contemplating this result we cannot help rejecting on what will be the late of H radical protectionist organs, and particularly \ the fate of the chief one In this city. ley’s occupation, like Othello’s, will le gone. He will be let! out In the cold. K.vta bis present protection friends will alu;i- .• «lon him lor having pushed them to a r fatal extremity. The balance sheet oi h,i | paper, which now ahows each slim will run down to nothing. That, hovtv.-r. may m>l cure him of dreaming at*»ut V.\z'\ tnritld anil protection. Like ail men in** Idea, he whi probably - die in hl< f.usli. Against all the Influence of New ami the "linporlmmlc ami merciless !<•! by” of which oar Chicago contemporary .-peak.*, we still hope Congress may throw on*. u. • monstrous and iniquitous Tariff hill i:o» pending. . T lie Prohibitory Turin* jFiom thcJ-afajette (Ind.) Journal.! “What does *.he Northwest, waul,” a>V: the New York TrifwM, “when ebe almost solid tviuinst i«r*itt*ctiatiln* />•• I’-ttit Is verdant or disingenuous. Wha: do.*s the Northwest want, lorsiwth? Why. she wants u chance to live. She voted ulnit*.-; solid afriiuft protection," does she? N'*i •* bit of u. Her representatives volc/er “pro tecllou”—they vote to />«*hvf.llieir cousUu cots against tlio rapacity of a few men ef overgrown wealth to whose creed there seems to be no limits. They vote to pr-*v.t their Mlnw-cilizcns agnlnatcloss Ifglsbition, acaiitat the attempts of monopolist** to put threc-fo.irtlis of the country under till»- tUe to thetnreWefc. They vote aßauv*t the knife that Is placed to their throats, aguiusl the soulless Interest rrhleh erics out to the Northwest, “(ilvcusall jour earn ings, work, dig, rulso corn, wti.m, potatoes, beef, pork, and turn them over to us at /*..(/ price and pay us for our manufactures at double price.” The Northwest votes to protect herself ncuinst f/m/, and ilviTribnnc must be very dull if it can’t understand lU. But what do our readers suppose? Will It be believed that the JVi&wne and Its sch-iu! coolly tell the country that a high larilf, mid as they are supporting every demand ol the monopolists, they must mean an exorbi tant tarllT, will actually cheapen goods! That Is the proposition they lay down! It is certain they will never make the coun try believe this, audit would he wholly use lees to attempt to reason with men who «r« capable of believing such-a dogma. We pro pose therefore to test it practically. Let the duties be taken olf, let tbe present high tnrlft be smashed for one year, and lei us sec whether manufactured goods will become dearer? That must be life effect of the dc niolltloaof the tariff or ip* reduction to a minbuum If sn exorbitant tariff will make goods ehftjkT. Will the prohibitionists ami monopolists with tbe Trioun* at their bead, ilnre they accept this proposition to lot their doctrine and their logic? If excessive duties will make goods cheaper, us they con trial, low duties or no duties will make them ilum r. Will thev deny that? (lire us, now, the chance by reducing the turilT to sec whether manufactured goods will be come dearer. Givtusof the Hr*f the o/>;nr luu if;/ to get in this unique teay dearg.Kvlt I IWJU risk It. What fays the prohibitory tariff men? What says the Tribune f Will they face this music? Is their faith In their peculiar torltT tenet strong enough to make them willing to test it In this practical way ? Are they .willing to subject their faith to this ordeal? Il they are thoroughly honest in their professions that high protective du ties will cheapen the things protected they will he able to look into this crucible wc propose as a test and not <iuai\. If their doctrine is correct, it will stand the fiery trial. But they won’t accept It! Am] this will be the beat evidence that they hare no con fidence in the proposition in question. If high duties will cheapen the products of the manufacturers why should they want such duties Imposed? Is it out ot sheer benevo lence ; tram the overflowings of the milk of human sympathy for the rest of the people, Is it In order to bring down prices, reduce . their own profits and give the west a chance to-get cheap goods, that they are so nerv ously anxious to force up duties mountain high? la-lhut the reason they arc besieg ing Congress acd spending money like water to get a prohibitory tarill? Alleged Embezzlement of $.101,000 br a Former I nlttdMJiieitTreuarr Asent. [From the Jfow York Herald.! Before Commissioner Betts —The United States vs. George AT. Carleton. —The defendant occupied the position of United States Treasury Agent and Acting Surveyor of Cus toms ai'Memphis, Tcnn., from the month of September, iSfiS, to August, ISOS. lie is charged by Herbert N. Titus, another : Treasury Agent, who states that be is act ing under the authority of the Secretary of the Treasury, with having between the above mentioned periods, embezzled a large amount of public moneys and property be longing to the United States. The defend ant was taken into custody on a warrant for which the affidavit ol Mr. Titus was the groundwork. Yesterday the accused wj» brought before Commissioner Betts, who committed him In default of ball in SIO.oOO, to undergo an examination on Monday next. The entire amount of money and property alleged to have been embezzled by the de fendant docs not not appear In any of the statements of Mr. Titus’ affidavit; but the authorities who have knowledge of the facts say that it has reached the figure of SOOI,OOO - ,T.*m«C adidivit * — Ceorce N. CarJloa was from on or shout September SB, i&S, to August P. a special uent or the Untied Stale* Treasury, and acilojr Surveyor of the sort ot Memphis, Sialo of Tennessee, and also a depository or public moneys .of the Umkd Slates-; that as such Cailton was charged with ibe safe keeping and transfer of public money, and property, which he did not safely keep, and trma- Jer, bat did deposit lu bank, exchange for oilier funds and convert to his own use, contrary to the provisions of law, and did embezzle the asm*, sod has never since accounted for or returned Mid moneys to the Treasury of (be Called Slates. Farther, mat be, Csrlioo. still holds and appro pilates the same to hie own private see and one- Cl. Deponent continues to ear that he Is flu ajp.-nl of the Treasury Department of the United States srlup under the orders and Instructions of the Bon. Sccietary of the Treasury. UKBBCBT B. Tree*. In addition to the above charge the United. States bus Instituted a civil suit against C-irl un for having embezzled $501,005, . Commissioner Betts said that in the civil suit he should require hall to the amount of s.'*>l,ooo. The accused did not give this bail, and he was, therefore, to remain In prison till .Monday next, when his examination on the criminal charge will be gone Into. Lynctoms »n Katuai* [Connell Grove (Kansu) Correspondence (Feb. t) ol the Leavenworth BOUetln.]. Our town has just been a scene of consid erable excitement. Some three weeks since a gambler known by the name of Jack Mc- Dowell, faired a tcammt the livery stable in this place to go to Junction CUy. After be ing pone about a week, the owner of the sta ble became alarmed about his team, and went on to Junction, where he received in formation that led him la think that Mac had gone to Omaha. A telegram was scut to Omaha, glviag a description of the man and team. The next day information was received that he was arrested, and the t*ar tlea went on to Omaha and brought back the. man and team. It was subsequently learned, that the roan, under another nams, had recently killed, a man In St. Joseph, and. be bragged of b-dug In the Lawrence said, and that he had helped bang many Union men daring the war. lie had also ’threatened to. hum the town. If he could get away. These boasts, it seems, had the effect of impressing some body that he was & useless Incumbrance to the earth. Saturday sight, while being guarded in a log house by four men, some ten or fifteen men in-disguise rushed in with revolvers cocked, secured the prisoner and took him to the bri<Wund hung him therefrom. He remained hanging there until the next morn ing, when he was taken down by a coroner’s jury summoned for the purpose. Thus end ed the life of a desperate character. The names of those who performed the sqmmary execution canavt ‘ ■ t