Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, February 14, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated February 14, 1867 Page 2
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IUII.T, TKI'WRKKI.Y ASP fftfKlt. .Ml tnaiuaiu. Id. TV TW'WNVSLV, ***»•?•. W»«* .« z Waaai-T.oolHmMomiartae »»)*»-a*o sbibbmw aadbt oewrtnrn. _ . . Term* •• U* l*h»««o TrtN«»r i O.UT MKM.» W “g »•*» oil,, WTO,.rprr «r w n , w a?-VnS<n*i **nt d*M »w *UB» am* ray*, rw-rerun* rennima •uaoroenaa ftra.or won ofrtiher th. ttvwaeaif •» Weekly edmon. alj rrx*intta?eremi*t**»***iVW* price u a veer nepers chanced, to prermt delay, be »nr« aid specify what edition xom Ut*-..e*kly, Ttf-Wcekly, or Pally. Albo. KtT-eyew*am»Taaatntart addteaa tr Money.byOmft,Miß»ei. Howey omen, arm BAglftcxedl^oera. maybeacatatoaitlak. Addnea. Cfete&so. Ill* THURSDiX. rEBWJART U. ISO 7. BBPOBT ON THE KB VF ORLEANS fIIASSAC'BB* The report on the New Orleans massacre shows that the duty assigned to the Com mittee by Congress baa been ably, faithfully and thoroughly performed. The reports of General Baird and of the Military Commis sion were necessarily incomplete, because of the excitement following tne events invest!-, gated, and the fear of violence which deter red men from, coming forward to testify, or. from telling the whole troth if they were summoned. But the Congressional Com mittee has made thorough work. It has gone to the bottom of the matter, and ex hibits tbc horrible tragedy in a clear, con nected and conclusive manner. It traces tho bloody conspiracy to Us very conception ; It shows the complicity of Andrew Johnson, and the niter falsity of his St. Louis speech ; it exhibits Mayor Monrjc in bis true colors, as the principal author and real leader in the work of butchery, and It scatters to the winds the flimsy pretexts by which it has been sought to excuse this act of naked and sarace atrocity. The tes timony makes over 550 pages In solid, fine type, and shows that the people of Kew Or leans were offered every opportunity to 101 l their own story. But It would have been I better for their cause bad they remained si-1 lent. We do not think that all history fur-, nUhcsa record of mure fiendish cruelties j than those perpetrated by the Infuriated mob of policemen upon their defenceless and almost unresisting victims. Id reading tbc recitals of that day’s business, one shudders to think that such cold blooded cruelty is still Hstent In human na ture. But, here it Is, an undeniable fact. Here arc recorded deeds that equal to atroci ty any ever committed by untamed savages. IVc given single specimen. In the testimony uf Hon. B. King Cutler, who bad sought refuse in the upper part of the building m , which the Convention was held, we read that 1 he there fuund three white persons and sev eral colored persons.' About half-past three in the afternoon he was arrested try four po licemen and taken to Jail. “While In the upper room of the building,” he says, “and just before my arrest, four policemen entered, shot, stabbed and killed a negro man, who was In the hack part of the room, on the cross-timbers that support tbc roof, lie was shot and fell to the floor, then stab bed, dragged to and rolled down stairs, and in a few moments afterwards I was taken.” This Is a fair specimen of the manner in which Mayor John T. Monroe’s police force £jr-ttcrvcd order and upheld the peace. The pretext that has been put forward la Justification of arming tho i>olico and ap pointing an eilra force, is, that on the Frl day evening preceding the Mondayon which the Convention met, a largo meeting of negroes was addressed by Incendi ary speakers, who Incited their lioircrs I to enme armed to defend Iho Convention. I The testimony shows the pretext to be ut tcrly false. Tho meeting was quiet and orderly. The speakers commended tho negroes for their peaceful behavior, and ex horted them to avoid nit violence. .Dr. UoMte. Into whoso mouth, rendered dumb by ossassins, his murderers liavo put such Incendiary language, urged the negroes not to resent mere insults, to go home quietly, ami only to defend themselves If actually at* tnrkf d. And thus Vanishes tho poor pretext for that fiendish preparation tor murder deliberately tuado by tbo Chief Magistrate uf the el) y. The story of these speeches was a nine fiction, invented fur a most diabolical pur|K>»e. It was telegraphed ou to tho I’res* Mi nt tv give him a pretext for ordering tho military to “sustain and not obstruct “ the < ht) authorities, Albert Voorhlrs, so.ralled l.ii’iiirnntit Governor, and Andrew 8. Her* the scj-ealhMl Attorney General. * LrTr»«roe.', 1 - a fiiti . that the negroes had , been called op to arm; that iho wools matter was before the Grand Jury, hut that it would hr lo tztcvle cit’d proeeu vtthout eer- I taiuiyn/ ariol. Everyone of uiuse statements I was utterly, absolutely false. The meeting I (,1 negroes did not end in a riot; perfect order I prevailed in the city, nor waa there auy doubt of the ability of the authorities to exe cute civil process. It was' a naked fab-lea lion—a lio from bead to foot and from tho foot back to the head, in all its parts—a lie forged for the atrocious purpose of arming the police for the butcherr, aud of glviug Andrew Johnson a pretext for at least witn holdlne military protection. If not for order log the military to “sustain and not ob struct” the bloody work itself. Tbe pretext by whieb the massacre itself has been justified by the rebels, namely, that the members of the Convention and tne ne groes did go aratrd, and actually commenced tbc distnrtmncc, is shown to be equally ua-1 founded. Tbc members were not armed. j Dr. Dostlc, who habitually carried a revolver, left It at borne on the day of the Conven tlon. Having been warned that threats hod been made against his life, he said the cause was worth dying for ; that if. they sought his Hie they could have it; aud lie recom mended that no weapons should be carried by members of tbe Convention. Very few negroes were armed—no more than us ually carry weapons In so large a crowd; and carrying weapons Is much mere common there than here. The testimony choirs the peaceful diameter of the Convention, and that tbd members, an* liclpallng arrest by order of the Criminal Court, intended without question to submit, and that many Lad made arrangements to give bail In the event of arrest. Not one cir cumstance in the whole history of this whole matter, furnishes the shadow of an excuse either for anticipating a riot or for the two hundred murders as yet unavenged. The Committee Jias made a thorough ex posure of the President’s statements la rela tion to the massacre, in his barrangne at St. Louis. Every statement he there n»Me is ehowa by conclusive evi dence to have been wholly‘falsa- Be charg ed that the riot had its origin in Congress; that the Convention lad the promise of the support of that body. The testimony Judge Howell, President of the Convention, and of the members of the Reconstruction O miniilee, thaws that so far from promising support to the Convention, it was refused ; that a caucus to which the Judge stated the cate and appealed for support, declined to have anything to do with the nutter, and that the Reconstruction Committee was equally decided in its refusal to offer any co ri<urm.einent or pledge any assistance. This rejort Is a timely accompaniment of ihcKceoi ttruclion Dili fur Louisiana, report ed by tin ram> Committee.and adopted by the lioutc of Representatives. If any Justifica tion weie needed for overturning the illegal Government set up by the President, and forming another one on the basis of law and juMlco, it is found in this long and terrible record of crime, outrage and murder. In reading the details of the ghastly tragedy, one if astonished that a Government unner whose shield it was enacted, should so long have been permitted to Insult the nation by It* existence. The only atonement Coogres* cun make for not tearing It down before taking a holiday vacation, Is to tear H down now. VIIATTIIKSItVtIi ViLLACfiKPT. The Southern press, so far ns U hasspokcu, does imt take kindly to the .Tobnson-Dlzon scheme of reconstruction. The *• prominent Southerners" who were supposed to have assisted in drawing U up, seem to have used I lie telegraph to discover it In advance, tkiveraur Sharkey, who has been represented as one of Ha authors and Mends, la on pounced to he “ In bad health, ami will leave ("Washington] as soon as be Is able lo travel." We arc told that "gentlemen Prominent In the project regret the pmiliosMou," and that It was ngreed upon “without consultation wllli either political party," Ac. Tho Iticli iin'tid WhUj torn* the cold shoulder, and thinks the South has really no active voice in the matter, and recommends passive r< flMiu ee to Radical schemes. We ere of opinion tbit It makes very little tlKUreiico wlisl (tie South favors or objects In In tills limllvr. It Is for the North to sol* tie On- «iucstlonof reconattuellnn. The Iktai n.Utnlir 1. 1 Mr. Johnson was the hello! that the Hi’Uth would |*o»se#s a potent voice It the work. The Bnulh Is In no condition Hib' tt<> dictate or to icalst, and must a-, n-j.l whslcviT Is prescribed, till© has no duilce. Rdwecn the H«mlhcro and the Nmlhern Ideas ol reconstruction there Is an tawUgot.Umaa positive and direct as that wbub displacednst-lfon thehatllo-Deld. If the booth were to be called on to submit a plan d her own. In accordance with the \ it-w » »nd wUbrfl ofher white pjpulatlon, ft w ould be a plan which the North could not ucc« pi with cither safely or honor. On the other hand, any p-au that shall embody the decisions ofthe w. »n^mwlUi« 11m North, will bo dlaUatoM to the Boulb, irnlwm «Lld» the Mfc rocoatuoUM—iUoU.io*l»l .nro a* lim lK>on nm»rrd U* Ibo UooaiUtUlon. at Aiumduirtil-a refusal to bo a ptfcly V* Uw Hilo wants nothing that eqnfora oit ihPcolorcd man tbo rluljt lo’lpillty la ~,nrl*, to dispose of tits »*n .labor, or tii’ «o°y tbo equal prpUOlVm of 'thelitis. Bbo wants nothing Ihat will cut diwn her representation ami abridge ber p»)* hlldalpdotrlntbQuaUonal councils,: Ami, vbbrb hIL ab'e wlll voluutajrily conarot to no iueaaiiie*Hbai cnlVanchlirs tbo blnck man, or dUqttaliflet'doObnon Davit and otbdrrelml ihoy may bo eboaen by IhaJJ’. conalltunnts. Therelbra, to wait fbr Ibo South to (rfvo a voluntary assent to any proj*er scheme of ro* cooatruettoQj-la only an Indefinite ■postpons* oent of. the subject. JJntongbt the wmk on that account to be suspended, or to bo performed Jest thor oughly f Certainly not. On- the contrary, the stubborn determination of the South to stand aloof and refuse participation In apy honorable and safe settlement,’ forms one bf. the strongest.possible reasons for prompt and decisive action on the part of Congress. If the South la to be consulted, and her wishes deferred to, no just basis of settle ment can be obtained. If her wishes ore not to be regarded, why wait to ascertain them ? A THREE aiII»IiIOWBTATE HOUSE* A bill Is pending before tho Legislature appropriating four hundred wd filly' thou* gaud dollarb jia a commencement, and corn* milling the Stale to an expenditure of three millions of dollars, nominally, bat, in fact, fire to ten millions, for the construction of a new State House at Springfield. TbobUHs a xc>y important one. If it becomes a law then tho question of a remoral of the scat of Gorcrnment will be disposed of finally. The Stale will be inrolrcd In a workot •‘internal improvement” costing at least five millions of dollars, and which wQI be wholly unproductive of revenue,’and In no way conducive to the general welfare or interest of the State. The same amount of money expended upon the Illinois Hirer and the canai,«ould add ten per cent to the value of the lands in some forty comities, would tccurc a handsome annual revenue to the , state, end add, generally, to the wealth, and promote the industry and commerce of the whole people. This hill proposes that the State shall convey to the city of Springfield the present State House aud public square, tho latter containing two and one-half acres of land. That tho city of Springfield, in return, shall convey to the State another site for a State House, and pay in addition the sum of two hundred thousand dollars. The proposed bargain has but one side. There is not a city State that will not cheerfully give to the : State a site, and make tho same as extensive us may be asketf. Instead of a contracted block of six or eight acres, the State has only to make 'known Its wishes, and It can have olfcrs by the score of quarter and half sections of land in :ocaliticsas eligible and decidedly less ob jectlonable than Springfield. The donation of the new site, therefore, under the circum stances. is a small affair, and is, wc might say, as compared with others that have been offered, a very small affair. The city of Springfield, In addition, demands as part of the contract that the State shall build a State House which will cost not less than three millions of dollars In that cltv, and shall donate the present State Honse and public square to the city for two hundred thousand dollars. Tho 1 present public squareia In the heart of the., city; in fact, U Is the heart of the city. As a real estate speculation It will be worth just twice that sum; but as a consid eration for making Springfield permanently tho scat of Gorcrnment, It Is worth a million. Wo do not know the assessed value of the real estate of Springfield, but, whatever the soro, seventy-five per cent of it Is due to the fact that the city Is the State Capital. The two hundred thousand dollars offered for (hts silo and for tho building will hardly pay for putting an Iron railing around the new site, or pul the grounds in order. It is a mere drop In the bucket of expense to which the Stale Is Invited. Other cities have offered large sums of money, not for tho pur chase o( property, but as a free gin to the State. As a financial operation wo cannot regard the proposition other than as an ox> Ircucly adroit and profitable ono on the part of tiptlugfisld, and an squally foolish and losing ono on tho part of tho State. Util, Independent of tho unequal terms of tho contract, Micro arc other reasons forbid* ding such an undertaking at this time. The it minus necessary fi»r tho completion of this Plato House will have to ho raised hy direct taxation; and as long ns tho Stale cannot at* , ford to Improve the Illinois Hirer, nod deep i <•»» and widen the canal, amt give available I highway* to marbefTH U asking 100 much | ... upend five millions of dollars to heanlity Springfield and crt-ci an ornamental Slat* llmiM, Tim present building boa answered alt practical purpose* for twenty-five years, •ml can servo a few year* longur without subjecting the State to any loss. Moreover, tho Stale is to have a now Constitution with-" In tbc next two or ibreo years. The wbolo financial policy and system of taxation has to be reformed and remodelled. Tho number ol B'ntc offices and their duties have to be ic-avnmpcd. Hitherto we have had a Legis lature so small in tbo number oflta members I that operators nave been able to estimate I bow much money would suffice to control a I majority of votes. This must bo reformed. Until this new Government, lu all Its de tails. Is matured, wc think the building of a new State House at an expense of five mil lions ol dollars, is premature. The building of s new official dwelling may reasonably he deferred until size of tbc lamily that is to inhabit H. ■ In the meantime, Ihrf- expenditure of five millions upon tbc canal and river improve ment would secure to tbp State an annual revenue, perhaps, justifying it, a I htnee, In Indulging lu Ibe luxuries of orna [ mental architecture and public palaces. SENATOR rHANDLBK’S TARIFF. The regular press report of proceedings of Congress brings the following important item: “Mr. Chandler cave notice that he would to morrow introduce a bill (o repeal existing and all other tarlfflawa, asd Impute a uniform dnlv of fifty per cent ad vaiortm on all Imported goods." This is a slngnlarly sensible proposition to come from a Senator who has ao recently voted for'a bill imposing taxes on imports 20 to 250 per cent HU altogether too sensl siblelo prevail. Nine-tenths of the tariff lobby are in Washlnoton to day for the solo • nrposc of gelling the advantage of people, who stay at home to mind their own busi ness, by smuggling Into the bill dlscrlmlnat ing duties forlheirown benefit. We suppose Senator Chandler’s proposition is referred to u the New York Tribune'* Washington despatches, os one of the “treacherous and hostile influences at work to delay or defeat the hill,” which means simply that it does not please “our set.** We would like to inquire, in this connec tion, who pays the bills for copying the lists of names of memoers of Congress to’bc sup plied with copies of the New York Tribune containing Sam Vftlkcson’a blackguard let* tors ai d despatches from Washington vilify ing Senators and Representatives who dare to vote against this scheme of extortion and robbery? Each member of Congress has a list of names of his constituents to whom he seeds documents. These lists have been •-•oplcd, so far as they could be obtained, and ibeNew York Tribune has been furnished grati.iiously to Ibe persons on the lists, at »onicb('dy*a expense. The New York Tribune •s not generally given away for nothing. We understand Hiat the funds were rslscd by the Iron and Steel Association md that Mr. Wltkcson draws hts Inspiration largely from* the princely headquarters of • hat “ ring.” Of course any tinkering of the tariff which does not suit them is looked ■ pon as “ a treacherous and hostile Influence .it work to delay or defeat the bill ” Is not a fifty per cent lax a sufficient In* iIU-ilon upon American industry for oil need fulpurfives? Do manufactures, commerce und ourlcaltoie require anv turtUer punish incut ft the present time ? Is is ncces*srv ;o fine the thirty millions of consumers of foreign | roducla more than fifty per cent elds year ? Is it desirable to diminish our power to compete with other nations more than fifty ]>cr cent—that Is, more than one iiatf t It appears that Senator Chandler thinks nut. We hope ho will remain of the .-nine opinion, aud that ho wilt hereafter Mudy ways to diminish the aggregate taxa ♦ lon of the cnuolry rather than to increase It. One of two things should be doue. Either, a stand should bo mode, oa Senator Chandler projKises, or we should Jump tho gap at once and put up (ho tariff to one lhoa«and per cent. This annual boggling with trade sod industry, adding fifteen or twenty per cent t<> the tarllfevcry time, unsettling values and creating strlkra In all the trades, is sheer cruelty. If tho argument for tho ponding Tarifl Bin is good for a twenty per coni In* crease, it Is good for a thousand per cent In crease. Why output U up to a thousand per cent, and turn u out? If a nation Is to be enriched by taxing Itself, let us have the m nvkat taxes that tho wit of man can con* cdlvo. A great many people's bonds will bo clearer Alter (bo experiment shall bavo boon tried. tVT Patterson, United Males Senator from Ti mu-oarc, has received at the lianda of his constlturnta the distinction previously con* bind u|H)ii Doolittle and Norton by their constituents. The Legislature of Tennessee has Invited him to resign, When the resolu* tlon was up In tbo lower branch of that hodr* Patterson was tevvrely spoken of, one mem ber declaring that ho never fell a patriotic sentiment In his life. Another declared that he was false to the men who elected him, and into to the Confcdeiaey. As the billot Is to be given to the negro In Patterson's State, we advise him not to accept the polito Invl. lallou of hla constituents, but to make the moat ofbls lost opportunity. Tint IbLlMOtn ItAftKW, Tbo Now York Tribune don't like the “moti and brethren" of Illinois, bocauaa. they rofuso to awallow 11. oonlraclloo tiid prubtblllon nostrums.'- It* list attack m 4.11 tbo Notional Banksof lhli 'BUlc. | li * becondlthm of U»esoMllloqls'hanks lt‘«s* »LWtfd In tbo tollowlnff table.. Unfeold tu« atOOffU •n milch they a alio •, We omit Madoiii: * TAUixanowiHoTiiKuo«oiT<oa or Tito Illinois BivUi ociobiu ], ia»: c.rtui Hu>ck w.w.m to Al.B • v t t.ISS ,OUU LoMßonOoTUHccnrllleß. . 18.000.1XW-3;»,000,OJ() itM *®S! •‘ltwro is a oinking s/slem for yon 1 Alotol \>*nt>> Vndtnc thulv Bullions on tU-tcc million* cl capital, ana owing. alliums on with a rettrre of one hundred thousand o **lljcUlinoJa* banka' hare a Joan 07430,000,003, baaed on q| capital, and o »e I«,OiW.WO ondem»nd7and oava in their TaoH* ntecie. Drdoct their lectl-tcndtr reaerrej (Tom' their $27,0UU,0U) or Indebtedness and the case is Blmp'lded eUU farther. They then owe over |Vj,«Xi,UjO on demand,'and hare 8100,000 to pay with.” Who would suppose that the venerable phi* losopber of onr New York namesake would resoit to downright and wilful falsehood In.onlcr to vent hls-spllo against tbo stiff necked and. perverse “men and brethren” of the Prairie State! but he Is guilty ol just that meanness. The Banks of Illinois” owe the public to the' amount of their notes in circulation ond their customers to tte amount of their deposits, which sums, ao cotdirg to the Comptroller’* last statement, are as follows: Notes is circulation.... Dnedcporitors.... Due ott-or banks Due ihe Government ... Dae oubursing officers. Total liabilities, ncaoimcES. Bonds (forcirculation) $10,316,400 Bocos (for Government Deposits) 8.216,250 Dnelrom banks...! 5,503,111 Checks on banks and other items 1,731,455 Legal lenders..... 5,300,653 Specie 113,060 Loans and dhcoaols 17,101,004 Notes of other banks hCO.UJo ' Itesl estate, iQrnitnic.-etc 352,-I*s OtheV s'oeke, bonds, etc... 114.970 Total resources Excess of retonrccs It thus appears that, If tho National Banka of Illinois were put into liquidation they iposscsS assets thirteen milliont iu excess of their liabilities to tbe public and the Govern iroenl. In other words, they can pay off every dollar they owe everybody, and have more than thirteen millions to divide among their stockholders. Their capital stock is $11,570,000, and their surplus or undivided earnings $1,557,000, accumulated since they went into operation three or four years ago. They ore, therefore, abundantly able to pay alt they owe to the public, and re turn to each stockholder tbc snm of money he has invested, and after making due allow ance for bad debts, a small premium bo eidfs. In the face of those facts, what becomes of the slanderous aspersions of the New York Tnbune upon the hanks of llUnols„Uiat "they arc nothing but a species of the * wlld-cat’ banking with which the.Wcst is so familiar ?” Can the Now York banks exhibit a better balance sheet ? The Comptroller's report don’t show It. ALh HAIL, TENNESSEE I The negro suffrage bill which passed the Tennessee House of Representatives a few days since, was taken up in the Senate on Saturday, and passed precisely as It came front the House. The Senate desired to strike out the clause preventing colored men from holding office or silting as Jurors; but It was feared that any alteration maklngit necessa ry to send the bill back to the House would endanger it, and so the clause was retained. A copperhead member wanted to amend so as to enfranchise rebels as well as negroes, but ho was promptly voted down. Governor Browoluw is known bo In fa vor of the law, and his official organ some days since announced his readiness to sign it. There is no doubt on .this point *, there Is no treachery or ** dodging ” in tho nature of tho heroic old Governor,* and the bill may be already considered a law. True, It makes a distinction in regard to Jurors and offices, but with tho ballot la his band tho black man will soon obtain all his rights. It Is a wcapou os potent for his own protection and advancement as for tho defence of the Union cause against Us enemies. Ho has only to wait a Utils while to re colvo (ho full measure of his freedom nml Justice (hat ho has earned on tho battle* fluid, and by Ills faithful devotion to the flog. Teuuvaaco thus takes the lead In the great march of progress and civilisation. Hho is the first Stale to adopt universal stilfrsgo as n result of flic war. Coming, os this action docs, from a State hut Just rv»**i *>•*•» o.« curse oi slavery, it is doubly gratifying, and should shame those free States who still cling to the distinctions that should have been swept away by the rebellion. The lojsl wen of Tennessee have Justified the wisdom of Congress In trusting their fidelity. The death-knell of rebel rule Is at last sounded iu Tennessee, and tho supremacy of the loyal men In the Government perma nently established. t 37" Agricultural College excursions by mcuibcis of the Legislature, to Champaign, or does here, may be alt very good In their place, but nothing is settled by them except tbc bills incurred, if the Legislature would at once make it known that tho prize will be awarded to tbe place which will give tbc moat fur It, and that tbe award will be made on a given day, we ahonld hear no wore of these excursions; but every competing town would go to work to increase Its “pile.” This is tbc only proper basts on which to decide tbc question. It furnishes a rule for scttliog the contro versy* to which no one can object, but which commends itself to all as perfect •y free from favoritism, and Is a measure In every respect calculated to benefit the Insti tution about to be established. Let bids be received fronf*cvery place that is willing to make a bid, and let It be known that these bids must all be in before a specified time, and that the highest one will win. In this way a large fund will be obtained and all possibility of partiality or corruption will be removed. EST“ We see that a bill has been reported In tlic State Senate changing the minimum limit of grand larceny from fivelotwenty five dollars. This Is the measure we urged some time ago. It Is one IhatTs greatly needed. It In no way diminishes the cer tainly of punishment for theft, but it dis criminates mercifully In favor of petty offenders. It leaves the thief who takes largely to llrb same punishment now provid ed for bis crimes, but it rescues from felony and the Penitentiary a class of convicts who can be folly punished otherwise, and who in a majority of eases do not deserve the ex treme punishment now awarded them. More persons are sent to the penitentiary for the iarceny of property of less value than twen ty-fivc dollars, than are sent for the larcenv of property worth more than that sum. The enac'mcut of this law will relieve the peni tentiary of this numerous class of Us In mates. fc#? 1 ' The Constitutional Amendment aV>l ithlng slavery waa formally declared by Mr. Se«nrd to l*c ratified and a part of the Con ttltuliouof the United States. Jn May, 1806. Previous to thp war, and during the war, the fluvcs of Kentucky were returned as other property. In the State array of Ita taxable property. The abolition of slavery de stroyed tho amount of property represented 1»y the slaver, yet the following fferagraph, ficmi the Fraklnrt Commonwealth, shows how the State has prospered since her whole peo ple have become free. The Commonxrcolth says: candld Dpmocrmt, of an averaee naan mm of brain*. w ill examine pure 9Tfl of the Andi tor • report for m;7. he. trlil Ace- the os'oum/inc rftopOon fact driven In tpon /tie r/.at Amhtrty it rirher wi’hout the wgr» a* a Hate than tei fa Aim,” KJ”The work of reconstruction at la»t t»oc8 luavdy on. The Senate yesterday took up tbc Houpc bill for establishing a Govcm mcnl In Louisiana, and postponed Its cousld eiatlon, under the rules, until to-day. We hope U will piss without n moment's unne cessary delay. Meantime the “leader” of the House, and the head of the great Recon* slnictlmi Committee, which has recon structed nothin?, sustained a mortifying dls conitmirc «n the lower branch of Congress. Ills Mil tor governing the South ludcOnltclr by military law wa« rctcrrcd to the Judiciary Commute®. It should hare gone to the Committed am Revolutionary Claims, and the Rcconstiuctlon Committed should ba disbanded. A 17-tv d'» Special Irom Washington says th- free traders arc not rcwcaetilrrt |q the deleaa duo Intco stcd In ho Faria Hill Rreryboay goes In tor the Itltfti< it flrnrrs, usd hr icanfa The lobby Is so great (hat the paisare way to lbs Ways and Meana t'vmiiuiiee room la übsbticletl. Tius general grab at the pocket-books of the people by the rapacious and uunppcssa. bio lobby vultures is called ” protecting American Industry.” The patient and plun* dered tax payers will bo hoard from ere lone, when the Congressmen who lend themselves to promote IbU wholesale) swindle will come to grief. l(vinmi)ber the prediction, gentle, men. If you are going to sell out yonr eon. stltueuts, see that you are well paid, for It will bo the bat chance mauv of you will ever have. Make hay while the sun shines. VivirecrmN.—Vivisection la Prance ta canted on In a building cr ilwd, up«a to the air on ona a dr, where lln six or aeren living bor-es, fixed by «vt»> poa»lble intthatneal contrivance by the h >d and'cetto puiaia, to pievcnt ihelr atrog. gltog, and upon **cb botee aix or twee pupils are employed to performing varlom aargica* ope f aliens. The sight la said to be tmly horrible. THE NEW ORLEANS MAS* 8 ACRE. Official Report of (Ho Coiagro*- kloboV Committee. (Wgui, liioWMita and Eoaulta of : 'v- *dio Biot, -v Fearful Slaughter of Inno cent People. Who ore Responsible for the M or ders—Not a Single Rioter Punished, and Recommendations of the Committee. The Condition of AX/nirs in Louisiana ' and the Remedy. ■ Tbc report of Messrs. Eliot and SbeUa barger, a majority of the committee appoint ed at the last session of Congress to Investi gate the riots is New Orleans, last summer, lias been received. It is a voluminous docu ment, containing more than five hundred pages of testimony. The meetings of the committee were held in Now Orleans and in Washington. One hundred and ninety-seven witnesses were examined, of whom one hun dred and fifty nine were in the former city, and of these forty-seven were examined at the request of citizens of New Orleans. .$«,3 t . .6.215.5 M . J,5M,183 . 233,698 .$•50,630,221 tub facts. Hr. J. D. O’Connell, who was in ihe ball during a part of the time, gives a clear nar rative of what he saw. One statement in Ms is very important. While the murders were bclngcommltted by the police, • Mr. O’ConneU says: Ibere was i.o hope, however, that the military would arrive t oou. and 1 aogeested that we bam cado the hall, and hold It until the military should come; It was ine only chance we bad; 1 succeeded in gelling the chairs placed against the doom: the door*, however, opened into the lobby, and ;tbe fattenmas outride were very soon torn oJV; wv bad no Protection except the chairs, and they •constituted wry Utile, aa It was easy to Qre ibroush between them; tLe police mado soother attack and entered the ball, when those Inside tcok the cbaiia and drove them ont, an I thU they did two distinct times; on the fifth attack they entered again, headed o* an officer who teemed to b.* a Sergeant, from h!s uniform ; he came to the door with a white bandkc: chief, opened Iteuddenly and waved hiabanvikerchitf; I supposed they had btcouie human again, and that this meant that they were wtlilrg io give ua protection; 1 went to Ue door and found Mr. H. 8. Kish in the hall close by the door; 1 asked him to assist us in tak ing the chairs away; 1 spoke iu ibis policeman? and asked him 11 they meant to give os protection apalnit th* nob. wno would kill us; he said •* Yt-e, veil protect rou I*' 1 asked him if be was seriousabout it to let me have his hand, which he did; 1. of course, bad confidence then that ho would do as he told, and afford ua protection; I pulled the chairs down and drove the colored people from the door, so that their presence should tot piovoke the police to any further acia o* violence; they very submissively went toward the other end of the hall; aa the pollcv entered the ball, one tn the rear ot tbe ope I bad spoken to advanced, calling out, “Yes, you G—d d—d sons of bitches, i c’ll pictcct jon.” 1 had confidence that they would protect us, but when they cuiered the half, even this man who had tendered me bis hand rushed forward with the others, discharging their pistols indiscriminately; one or die police, point- Ini bis pistol toward me. mIo, “ So you will sar- , 315.777.2 M ’IS, 127,0 W renocr, you O—dd-d son of a bitch,'* and dis charging hit rerolrcr toward my bead, said. ” J'ako that and go to bell, will yon!” I wm standing close to him. and bad the presence or mind to ihrowr on bis band, and the call passed through my bat oolb la frost am rear; J retired toward the doer, and atioibcrpollceman approach* od mo with a loss knife and struck at n.e; J do* ftndi d myself against him with a leg ot a chair aod pot Lack Into the room; those inside again rallied wttb broken chairs and whatever they could cel bold oft am' drove the police oat; I suppose this was about 2:35 o'clock: on the anb, before 13 o'clock, the honr for Uumeetiai*, I waa at tbe institute, silting there a fC.s minutes converting with diaorenl members of the Convert* turn and with others who went Uieir InetiCs, who bapesed lobe present, and then wont away tack to my office and remained there alll ncaily one o'clock, when X start* d over again to the J imi tate : on (he way there, on 8t Charles street, 1 saw a negro arrciUo, or being conducted thtougb the streets between two policemen and a crowd Tot* lowing; I should ray that, ordinarily.the arrest 01 a negro creates no excitement In tis aty; on this orcatiou It created a crowd: the pub lic mind cocuicd to be butdened with aomucx* DcclaHon.and It occaglofled ercat cooimollon; 1 did not, bowevrr. cm Ibis matter any serious thought, and went down toward (be Institute; on t’ommon street 1 overtook Mr. Davis and Mr. Haulier, t*o morabers of the Convention; this was alter the recess was taken, and I went back to the hall with them; oti lb« comer of Common and Ufisdca meets there was a lints number of white dtlacns, many of Ihom dressed In era/ ; they were talking excitedly, and appeared to he excited about »-*mc!Uiig. ami detmmsu alive; but oven alter seeing this 1 could not realise (hat there was to be any serious difficulty, except do anrsl of the itKimbor* of (tic < (invention by tho Hlenff and jwsie, and 1 bad beau! Uic J'ulirc wuie massed at tho dnfcratil stations—tlirro are four I'olico HUtUous lu ibe oiy-ai'Oitt a quarter being a* each siation ; (litre was a Urge hod r of negroes lufiontof the ins Hum. friends oi the Conven tion, J suppose, and there worn nulUi a nurntwir In I «Hd dsMiiwOtsilos: .Mas s »mw wsm made hy then) t they worn ptiaceshlu anil onlut, urdtoemrdiobuttUnply in expcclattou of near* my the speaking, gaUt«red togothor a« won oidl* nanly are si a imullo msenig; t went Into tie ball, aud vc 17 soon afteiwaid the tiring com* tuenced ; iinmedlalrl)' Key. Mr. Uoitou, who had I opened the meeting v.llb prayer, aud who waa afterwardtnurdond,and Mr.v.'u irr.t-tenped upon .he rosinim, and In a loud vo:co called npon all pe'son* in Ibe hall 10 lake scats Inside of the bar and to be ouiet, and above all things tok'-oo away fmm tbu wtreows.aud to tire nothing trom the win dows, and 10 close (be windows, which waa done; the assembly who were In Ibe ball did come In. and all rat down ival there were chairs for: a rally on the ( all wa« beard after the firing had been go* leg on some mlomes, and the bad begun to Arc. at d many Itwldo bad a disposition to ro out: bat the mor- Influential men insid-* exerted them* 'selves to keep tbnae present quiet, lobe seated, and to remain inside tbu bar. aud away from the windows: thciewasno’ to tuy koo*i«dge,any firing fiora the ball except at the door, which X wilt steak of afterward; if tM-revas any firing at all from the windows out-tde, there were not more ihfln three orfoorsnoU; the windows were do*ed, and there were no ball hole* through the windows except bich np, so that they could cot have bvvu fired from the ir»idc; but many halls passed throuch the hall: we coold l.ear teem whistle through; upon the first en* trance to the. hail, wblte nandterchlcb were waved.andtbePolicc were called rpon by Mr. Bottom members of the Convention, and oib*r?, rot tftflru— that no ruaiglar.ee would oe offered : . . ibe> came In, and commenced flung; the instant ti.cy commenced filing, those Inside could not be I restrained; they tosc and drove them out; there | were a few amongUencgrocs who Lad pLnol); J did not see a pistol In tbe banJs of auy white j man, and but few la the htn-is of the negroes; there were probably not more armed ou'This occasion than on <rdmsry occasions-; quite a nmnbvr of persons in this city carry arms, both white and black: with ; chairs and pistol?—the tew who bad them—the Police were driven out, and the doom wcie closed and barricaded with a largo pile of chain before tbe doors; there were two sets of double doom, ihc doors unfortunately opened outvaids. and they could not be fastened; the «v.€OUd time the Police taint'd, Mr. O’Connor and seme one else stepped to the door ana spoke with the heed man of tho Police; as the Police found they could not get In, this man raised a white handkerchief remarking that he wanted those liu-ide to surrender, and that be would pro* teel them ; Mr. O'Connor asked Mm if be was stnaxe, and be said he vra«, \nd Mr. O'Connor took tbe policeman's band in tugen of sincerity— that be would arrest those inside and protect them; on this O'Connor and others assisted them In taking away tbe chain, so that they coo'd come in and arrest them; when they came In (bey formed a line In front of the chairs and opened a fire; I think at this entrance of the police Mr. Horton wai upon the stage; be bad a large handkerchief and tied It npon a staff, a little staff on which bad been one of ttu. lithe liars Lung np In the room; be bad this handkerchief tied 00 this staff, and waved It to tbe policemen for them not to fl*e, stating that no resistance woald be made; that they desired to be arretted -and proteced tiom violence, and that they were unarmed; but they emptied their revolvers and continued to file after.ibey bad Mnv ca not to fire; they were driven oat a second time, tor tbe people weis exasperated, and almost every man grasped a chair, and wrenching off a leg for a weapon they diove the police down stairs and closed tbe doors again: neatly all these policemen have been put upon the foice since tbe close of the war; there was no attempt to restrain the firing on the part oi either citizens or policemen, i am sot certain whether 1 saw any cli!z ns or not at the third and tonrth enhances: ai each time the doors were opened by the polio many went out; Dr. Postie, i think, went out the first time; many went out tt-osecond time, anusomewemup into tbegml* Icrr, and tome out tho second story windows, while others hid themselves lu II Ho toe-rooms of tbe hail. At every entrance tbe pjiice were re* nuested not to fire, and no firing was made upoa tbepolict -urtiialiei they bad begun filing, nor wat any violent* offered them; at lb? timeot the toncth entrance tbtre were not a great many 10 the ball: there hod been one or t«o inctirctiial at;err>pt> to <ntei : there were more than lonr railiei on tbe halt; once ortwlco they did si (succeed In getting In: they entered four times, and tbe la>t '.me tbe doors wen- not r!o<ed upoMbun; attic lime of the fourth enltat-c* I stood rear the southwest corner of the hall; Xlfchacl Ushn was there with me Hev Mr. Jack* ror. who v as wnnnded the same day, waa thereat tins time: Mr. Iloiton wassLli In the hall, bntnot tn the comer where I wa, • \j r , H,irtoit, I tblnk, wav noticded at the second entrance, when he wan on the stage with hl« whit- handvcrcMcf. «I Irh ho avert, and with which be a'lraoccd.aert wandelibeiatelyshotat by the police tba> stood Ir ih.e In the hall; per<uns losld* tad hel_ea t nt police to ca n an entrance, on >uppo»l.iwiiJbat they would be protected. llld yon see Mr. Horton shot 1 f did, and sa > him I turned at> I,* afiorwaid. and I should jmlte It was neatly an hour before n« left the bail; I am col re. tain whr-tttrhe was hit In the arm or side but Ms arm at>d side ere bloody; It >l4 pruoahly orly a flesh wound, av It did uol reem u> disable bin-; Dr. II:se was there; noocot th. parlies I live named were wonudwl. except Mr. Honor, bin Ibcie v*eie other* whose nvuc? ido not ktow* thug wetv but a few of u? viveirthew. and we fril tl at there was no nse la attempting to drive them out; tine were net enough of n*. and wc true not armed: 1 thongtit 1 would cboo«e ihr lerser evil; there was a possibility of esca In !fl got nut, but there wa«noue In.jdc: at thedoor I met a young man, a stranger lu me: I hive not \*e». able to m-ogulae him tince, thnneb 1 barpseennue I Ihong'it was the same: 1 asked him II he. being a trader of the party, and head of the policemen, would arrest me and secure me from personal violence; 1 will state hem what 1 mu- Mm at the thuc. (hat I bad lakt-n no Dart lu the resistance, or In driving the poll -e out of the hall; it at I had brm pcVfrctlv passive, except nfi.ing those Inside to keep qule'; when 1 asked this tnsufor prelection toanest me. be said, wnv ati nsih, M .No, sir; none of you cau got onih-re alive.” lie had a club, formed apparently ot a tonsh pl-cc of wood three Inchs* wide, our Inch thick, and three fret long; as I at* temptni to run by bltn he struck at ms wtn- this hoaul, but I dodged him; going throash the door, I nwt a pelk'emaa In nnlfitm; 1 offnrd myself to him, hut Its would hoi arrrsi met goh.c down siaim. I ni«»rd to o tit r polintiiru : st the time 1 pa*sed meai they had a segrotn cna’fe, and were knocking him down Hie suits with their policemen's dabs, pounding Mm over lbs head, he At the same *lmo heeglPß that they would spare him ; lit y did not tutu k r rlr numion to mo; as 1 mrtvtu on Iho second floor, 1 was sailed by (wo rlilst-ns I on* of II rtn was a "rough”—one 01 the low order 01 ItUhmin, 1 should think; tbe other was «h#l appealed to be one of the cuDalry—a well aressed person, of middle age; they both selfsame by the collar, end r(>mmet cedatilktngme with ibdr fists in Ihr face; i shook them off without aayaerion* iijnry,at leasllomyself.and went on; goi gout of ihe door. 1 met on the steps vnotber police* man; 1 offered m.> self 10 l-lm; 1 had a large while hai’daetchief 1» my hand, and held it up; it wss In my ficbl band,and b> ld np when 1 met this po* -Ikemauon (besteps; laski-d hl«o to anestme and protect me« his rep.y was, es, d—n you. I’ll give you pruiecttou,’ drawing out a large u> vidver. onghi and n?»v; i Judge it was one of Colt's clgbt-UiCb rouirers; he drew Uut up,ud Uiutkrd ms down on the landing, and stunned nip for the being I lbs blow illcl not om the i]p»b at oil. i'*r I bed on ft thick plaited straw bat, and tnr tiftir iltbtt lona was anta thick, bnllt Irtt I Ja»ge lump PS tB/ lor*be«a I I galbared my* ,rlf tip ft" '?/» M I «S«M. ftlfl ■Uggflfld to arotmf policeman la (b« middle of the «l»n I, am: ail nl Ml", ft* well lit I cmtld, b*iig runsl'ler* ably confus* d uy Itin affrtta or tno bhw I hid <«• rrived. imvl bad not Obits got to him, wbrnhs ArcvMtn Wsreiolvar lad alioi at no; i wa« not Mor«ttifnlbrft*.orr«n' «aejr.<,m fata aithn lime, bui M* ball did am Ukalwci t 1 darted fium Mm, a»dalartOdtO"aid»t-'ft'o«>dHiH«HMtt there *on» aeieaimiin/ people, ar.d though wjr b«a<l «a» wUiUnitall thetime 1 eonld boar the Brings* ihungbll w»» an uiftftnlti maakairy bring; »* • sounded V> roe liko rb? second ftrlr.g of a company sa l bars heard Uou the ■battle-field; lhad no vm dlalioct Idea °f what waa going on, bnt 1 saw clahtiaUco. fttid I beard revolver firing; I wn enltic on all fouia part or the tine, and r**- nlaeinc inj bat whs-. 1 could, but tbU I mlcM E„e aww ImulUTtlj: 1 *m ti. - war to Common atreet before toy policeman wonlttan cat t»e and Uke me iu charge; then 1 was srruatcfl by* man only partially is police* mtt’adoiblng: be bad on a policeman's combat bad oof the bat; be told me ibai be was an extra noUcosan. ibat came oat when lbs alarm waa giv- » * he went a little war, as tar aa Common atreet; the crowd thickened there, and appeared to bo Terr threatening, calling out,** Kill the Yankee Digger;" M aboot the nigger a—n of a b—h;“ “there goes another trigger;' 1 “there goes an* olher damned Yankee.* 1 finch expressions as these I beard, and a great many others of like Im port • this podeeman, or fireman, called another to hit - assistance, rad the two together seemtd to make great exertions - to keep the' crowd off till I got to the ponce, station; iwent * through Common atreet to Carondelet, rad up Infayette to the First District nation; wnen I ar rived there 1 wee much exhausted from exertion and lo*6 of blood; I stated to the man at the desk in pollcemax’s uniform, a short, stoat man, tha t J 1 was very weak, ano begged him to send me wnrr ercrl was to so; “koa will bo weaker before jon cel through with Ufa,” aaid he, very gravely; alter some delay, b* teat ms into a baca cvi 1 , me sombwert corner cel) on the lower floor ol the sta tion; there were one or two persons m the cell when 1 cot there; other persona who wcrelnlbe ball when I got there were soon brought in; Mr, Jackson and Mr. ilorlon «ere soon brought in; Hr. Uoitdn was partially conscious when hewasfir.t brought in; ne begged me to take blm to the Car rollton depot that he might get homo: I told him 1 coold not do more than be; soon Mr. Wateri, a member of the Convention, was brought in, and a number of others wbo were in the halt when I went a»ay; J bad, with the ssrlaiancc of soma { tenons In there, got upon a shell in the cell, and ay there and got my coal oD} Ur. Waters look o<T bis tmdershln and welted !•: I bad to wash the blood off lo cool mr head: how long 1 remained there 1 do not know; Ur. uorton eooa after came in aud began t'» talk wDd-y, and 1 have becil in* formed never had his senses afterwards; 1 never saw him after be waa taken from the cell. The committee examined seventy-four gexfonfl as to the facts. of violence and loodshtd upon Unit day. It Is in evidence that men wno were in the bail, terrified by the merciless attack of the armed police, sought safety by Jumping from the win* dows, » distance of twenty feet, to the ground, aud as they jumped were shot by police or citizens v some disfigured by wonnds, fought their way down stairs to the street, to be shot or beaten to death on the pavement. Colored persons at distant points in the city, peaceably pursuing their lawful business, wereatt*cked by the police, shot and cruelly beaten. Men of character and position, some of whom were members, and some spectators of the Convention, escaped trom the hall, covered with wounds and blood, and were preserved almost by miracle from death. Scores of colored citizens bear frightful scars, more numerous than many soldiers of a dozen well-fought fields can show—proofc of fearful 'dangerand strange escape; men were shot while waving handkerchiefs in token of sur render and submission; white men and black, with arms uplifted, praying for life, were answered by shot and blow from knife and club; tbc bodies of some were “ pound ed to a Jelly a colored man was dragged from under a street-crossing and killed at a blow; men concealed In outhouses and among piles of lumber were eagerly sought for, and slaughtered or maimed without re* morse; the dead bodies upon too street were Violated by shot, kick and stab; tbc face of a nun “Just breathing his lust” was gashed by a knife or razor in the hands of a woman: “on old, gray.haircd man,” peaceably walking the street at a distance from the Institute, was shot through the bead ; negroes were taken out of their houses and shot; a notice* man riding in a boggy deliberately fired his revolver from the carriage Into a crowd of colored men ; a colored man two miles away from the Convention hail was taken from his shop bv the police at abont four o'clock on the afternoon of the riot and shot and wounded In side, hip and back; one man was wounded by fourteen blows, shots and stabs ; the body of another received seven pistol bolls ; alter the slaughter had meas urably ceased, carts, wagons and drays d’ivcn through the streets gathered the dead, the dying and the wounded in *• p*o miscous loads,” a policeman In soma cases riding in the wagon scaled upon the living men beneath him. ***•*## ' One remarkable fact should be stated In this connection—only one “citizen" was killed, lie was a young man named Genoa— a medical stndcnt or voting physician—and ho was killed, as it appears in proof, by ac cident, and not by any of the friends of the Convention. Only ten policemen wero wounded, and none of them severely, and pot one of them was stain. ‘lf the Convention had been armed, nr If die crlorcd citizens had been railed upon in advance to come armed to protect and defend the Convention, this could not have been the case. This riotous Attack upon the Convention, with Us terrible results of massacru and murder, was nut an Occident. It was the detnmliird purpose of too Mayor of the city ot New Orleans to break up this Convention bv nrtmd foten. We slate one fact In this connection, slg* niileitnt both as binrliiguj»on Uir question of preparation and as tndleuiing the trim and prevutllog Im-lliitf «>( tint |ino|iln nf Sow tip. I h-Hiis. Mx months have passed atom tlm Convention assembled when the massacre was perpetrated nmi more than two hun dred inun wejo slain and wounded. This wosdmuihv ctly ulficlala and Now Orleans 1 citizens- lint not one of these men baa I been punished, arrested or complained of. Then* ofiieera of the law, living In the city anti known to that community, acting under 1 the eye of superiors, clothed with the uni-, fhrm ot office, and some of them known, as the proof ihons, to the chief officer of the jkillco, have not oniy escaped punishment, but have been continued in their office. The gentlemen who composed the Convention have not, however, been permitted to cs* cape. Prosecutions in the Criminal Court, under an old law* passed in 1805, wero at unco commenced, and arc now pending against them lor a breach of the peace. These facts tend strongly to prove that the • rlndnal actors in too tragedy of the day were the agents of more criminal employers, unci dem netratc-tbo general sympathy of the public in behalf of tbc men who did the wrong, against those who suffered it. ***** t It is charged, os a prominent and direct cause of these riots; that Incendiary and tur* holcnt meetings were held on Friday eveu- Ing, July 27. .Un Saturday morning, July 2s, Lieutenant Governor Voohies and Attorney General Herron sent the following telegram to the President; * >« „ ~ . r v Nrw Om.ZJLSR. jQly 38,1SGR. President Johnson, Washington, I), c.: Radical mass meeting, composed mainly of large onmbera or negroes laar night, ending to a riot, the Committee of Arrangements ot said meeting arrcmblmg to-night. 'Violent and in cendiary'speeches made; negroes called to arm ibfmteires; yon bitterly denounced. Speakers. Field, Postb, Hawkins, Henderson, uelnand, and others. Governor Biahn erriVLd last mgbt, t-Ot sides wl'h (be Convention move. Th? whole ma ter - before Grand Jaty, tat impossible to exicute civil pro cos witboal certainty ot Hot. Cmitcmplatidtobayetbc members of tbc Con vcMlo • a noted older process from tbc Crimi nal Conrt of ibis District. Is tbe military to in terfere to prevent process of Coarts auscbt Voonmzs, Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana. AaouxwS. liznaow, . Attorney Genera] of Louisiana. The committee Inquired careflillj into the alleged facta upon which this telegram was tout dcd. Therewere three meetings upon this even ing. One was held within the hall of the Institute, one outside the ball, at tbc same time, and one at the City Ball, la tic street, alter the close of tbe former meetings. The meetings at the Institute were held upi n public notice to consider the questions which would ultimately come before tbe Convention. They were called by parties friendly to the objects of the Convention, and the t;>cakers were well kuows as identi fied with the Union or Radical party in Lou isiana. The following Is substantially tbe testi mony as to the character of these meetings: JvQfff ftiiffat-d—Ov the Friday uight previous to the Contention there were public meetings ic ihecUvof New Orleans; nothlngwas said or dune at either plscr which. In my cstlratlon, would authorize a magistrate to blod he party o) cr to Vet p the peace; 1 know of so dtMnrba’tce dating that eight. J. met L. Andtm—J reported tbe speeches made in the tall, on Friday ni*rbi, bat made oat sift* of ibebotldicg I d s d noticport; tbespesk-, crslrsiae made no caller tbe negroes to come aime* ami protect rt e ♦‘onventlon, w anything of ibo klnrt; on tbe contrary, tbev were envued to keep unlet and not urge the matter too strongly. Aum.l llcpfrs—ln the bail, on Friday nlgut, cvertihir.g was well behaved; no disturbance whatever, a* d no nnnsnal cxclienent. Alsp Curler—Ube meeting n tbe ball was per fects orderly, and on tbe onhidc, when 1 went oat, it was tr.e same. if. j-ith— l never bea dof any armed ald.(io 'he Cinvenilor.) pul bad beard it spoken of that cenlion should be need i-ot Ui bate armed uieu ttu-te:»od J kcow, too, that Dr. Dostie, wno pearly always carrieo a revolver with him, mat 1 day tfick h from hts r-e'sonand left It with a t-ai- I brr in this city, bj whom be was accustomed to j crtrbsvtd; I beard tbe aneaklrg it.»lde and ntarli all onUidc tiie bail un the 27ta of July; 1 I licafu of no statemeut. as ha* been averted nr i dc of the titer side bl*lo:o me Military Commit* s‘on. or Mjntst by any of the speakers In the halt, tor siiThcdy to comr there armed. I heard 1 :1 e sperrhe* ol Gorer or llnbn. Colonel Field, oart of itr. IVaples’; tl*o tbe umark* of Ur. Col let aud Mr. it Vble; I waspmcsi wbea iuemect ligwas diSM-itcd. ano alteward vent with the nrcccsMon np to the front rf me bill, ai>d mrs (i c>r when Hr DosMf made tbe speech that is raid <o he irflsimaatory; I did not near tn-tch of the tpczktnc unhide from the ttmd In frontoflho fcstliou; 1 was at Hie h *ll dnnog me eintinuauon nt the meeting m>tll H w»* adjusted; It «■< or. •terty to Gras sii/lLiog i saw; If throe bad been an; dlrtcrhai'cc f should have known It; nothing »*a« rsld by Dr. Dosile as u» t'-e employment of rorrt: toward (hocloseof hi*speech be n*ed this lanc»lge; 1 *1)1 *epral cue ►eo fi.ee. word for word, end this was tbe lanraa.-e that looked mod ‘owairt violence or tncrnfliarUiD of any 1 b*ard there; they were mostly cegrues there; It was » | fOcrrrltm A.rtrtd of nectr-es : they had come to tbr mretlng and Dr. Do*tte liked to make % dt mcpsisltve speech :he took pleasure doing it: ti bi*sj-eech be railed then brethren ami so Tortta; near (be dorr of his speech be Mid ** Now, tiiemts, go hums, praceal.ly, nniein! make no noire, disturb no person.* " lint " said be, “ l learn"- which *aa tin-, too—** that that Ibrre ate pron'lng batdsoniio ••»!«? jyu As von srpaiaic co borne. If ton are itxnliei br any ot these I>ai‘da of m-n pay no iltentim, «» •brt.i: cobonrrichtby them wlibmtt MTinc a wmd to (i rm j tint H they strike yon kill them." Thai was the •oWancawt bit last semanto and m-sfjy wm.| for woid. fV.irr/ss.V. Api/Hm/.AII tbe Urns t was ua riaiis (Friday nuLDthe mertlng wasorderir: I mard ti e sneerh r*f Mr. Wspirs* It was only a shur- ntir-a trw remarks; I sl-oh ant part ofibe remarks or Judge yields aa-'ell a* I rsu n-niem- Viir.tliePm)<nitwßa ihat ihsy wonidsnpportiho ( ut.vrbtlon when it should meet; it waa compos- Ti?: T *’ f they would vzund people °* loyal man—tbc colon d , W ,iltrn H- //Izs—l beaid tbe ipeablnc at * liy Hall ana Inahtnte, on Fnday night, the nVih only; there *m tpraking inaldo ana oautd* the hall I nnr tncpd* st*oke in the most radical way; 1 will stale to yon that 1 beard Dr Dottle d<a tinnly «ay,“Now, my peaceably borne, go orderly, do not dfstorh anybody; but If any body disturbs yon, kiH him ; n the speeches >*ere wot calcntsted to excite vtolcr.ee on tnt pen or those to whom they were sdareeeed; on the con trary. It was only In tbe event or bring attacked U.o *• ere aovi»ea to remember Port Pillow. Cficrirs IV. Gibbon*.—Called on Or. Dostte and weimd him on Mondsy morning (33;h July) that I bad beard one policeman aay to atotber in a lit- lip arocery on the corner of Cnslom Hotim «lr«», onfrlurday.lliil «b/fl- wo «ra *"»"*«<> *•"£ i l>i*u*a«d llabut’ l»r. Uo'lw •o mil "J am itnttitt nnsrmwl { 1 hnow «liWi*my life, but 1 think u • «*•« w dift *!t if they fanitnUlio njrtir* thsy eando•«: iiidl. “you can do a* you pUewi * Unmirhi U n,v doly w» call Mid toll ymi,a* In |o»r »»i»i*rWa at iiio merlins o*i Jfiidav mulit you toll Urn npimio muirne on) tad •litmt ilm votitooHun lhe MUt /in that riant 4, fto boat—e°*|Wstly“fOorilpfly-« Miaveyouiaalvee.WiiifthMala anybody. wiuu ■ nil lilacb.iliitnMiirtMlliiii. litulm wannlan.'* ill. l.iaunl 1. rXrßii, » taiallinu wliwiaa, malipa ilil. wwlii.Vr, M.mmoOU l .anj oal id .mocllTil'licW In Iron ol Ilia UcchaolCa I nalT. lull', aid afier lief. air. Unrlon hail de Ivorm hla it ei-Vli. .Unilinii un Urn lilallorm, wllliln a Inn

it»lot Ur. Uo,«r, 1 iit'ooii aiioiulvaly to (ha : Mr eb Ic made : mere v un nothing wbawviT lb »»r. liosHewhlrh.cottldboaaldUJ extW* or mite in atj w«J «U of bostUUyUpon itio umt of the colond people against a'iy of the wlilie cltleerie of New Orleans; aftor the mooting nad adjourned at ibo Mechanic*’ loeiltnie, a pro* er»»im< was fount d -\|tb torchlight* and a band of mutlc, and proceeded down-canalstreet toflt. CCiilw, atd then Into Camp street and op to Iho ' cr» D»H; on the route to the CUy Hall some of toe men compr! n»s tha procession were attacked bv pome white persons and maltreated; on arming at the City Hill a anon speech wssdeHrerto by Dr. Dos’ie; among other things, t he told them be felt very ranch pleased w»b me . ontotand orderly manner In which they bad con dnclf d themselves, and regretted to learn tbittbc had been attacked byabodyot ctII-olp oored men; be recommended them to return fluidly to their homes, and that If they were as sailed end 'heir llreepnttn Jeopardy, bo rccom m-nded that-they sbooid flefend tire mad res to the extent of their ability, , ■ Except at that tlroc.-ar mere anythin* utDr. XjOfVift'p H.tecU calculated to exale atimoslty or bottile action? No, sir, there waa not. At the meeting omaloe of the Mechanics’lnstl inte did Dr Dostio say to the men to whom, he waa speaking, that they all ought to tight for tbetr rotor; that icey onsbt to come armed to the Convention, and that P'» cowards were warned; that the stones o’the street* were crying oat for the blood of rebels, or any expressions equivalent to these, or anylbme llkelnem? I can swear ibalhe made no acch remarks. »•••••• THK CONDITION OP APPA.IEB IX LOUISIANA. Under the Constitution of ISM these men claimed to be restored to political rights apd to vote at tbe polls; and so it came to pass that substantially all governmental aulhor- Ity, most of tbe offices of tbe State, and all legislative and municipal power have been conferred upon “returned rebels” and are now controlled by them. This la eminently true In the city ot New Orleans, where known and distinguished rebels, and only snch as iucj pccunv the chief places of trust and power. The Mayor, confessedly a bold and •bad man, who was also Mayor daring the rebellion. and marked for violent and bitter hatred of the Government of the Union, 'and of men who loved the Government, both white and black, of Southern or of Northern birth, U now Mayor of tbe city by the choice of the people of .New Orleans. Tbe High Sheriff, General, .Have, was an active officer In the rebellion. He was in service at tbe time of the surren der, In April, 1805. All the appointees of the Mayor, tnc whole constabulary and police .force, w Ith almost no exception, are composed ol men who have rendered efficient service ‘toward the Overthrow of the Government of the Union. To have been a rebel is a recom mendation for office. To havesupported the ■Union cause, and especially to have fought Jn the Union army, is a known disqualifica tion. proscription of friends of the Union lias been carried Into the public schools: teachers, mole and female, have been removed where tbe teaching of the children was a training In Union wav*. Where Unlonsongs have been taugnt the children, and national atre sung within the schools, the teachers have paid the penalty tor the offence by loss of place and employment. * ♦ * * *. * * Tbc bUtcrbostility on the part of the con trolling portion of the population against citizens Known acd distinguished for their friendship toward the Union and their lore ol Its nee Institutions, Is otherwise manifest' cd in tbc eternal tone of the press. in bus!- C CS« and social life, in theatre and chnrcb, In com is of lan. In the home and on the street. The presence of the military power of tbc United Slate* and the Frccdmen's Bureau, sustained by military arm, measurably protect the property and persons of Union nun. If they were withdrawn, no safety would be found except In flight. There arc at this moment many men, not of Northern birth alone, but of native Southern origin, who are exiles from Lou’slaua. They have been driven from bomeby threat of assassins* tlcn, and by well-grounded apprehension that neither family nor home were safe with in that State If they remained. Some have sold their estates, and removed with no In tent to return ; some have led their home In the hope that belter days might come when return would not invite obloquy, ostracism or violence. But it is very certain, aud a fair examination of the moss of evidence token upuu Hits point by the committee will de ni* Drirate that while it may no tiuctbat social consideration and success in business may beseemed by those who are content to live and ejx nk so as not to ntftnd the preju dices of rebels returued from (be army, or those who, without courage to fight when Federal armies Invested their homes, now otone brwaut of bravery bydeflant anathemas again*!. Northern men nml “Yankee rule,” yet that the earnest Union man, known as such, whether he may have been in tho early days of the rebellion led aside fur awhile from bis allegiance, nr may have consistent ly, and at nlftitncs. he'd to I bo true national milts. Is deemed an enemy In fact by the lenders who control, nml tho masses who blindly follow them. And thus regarded, bo is sniffed to just so much attack, annoyance and risk ol tiQnry to property and jterson ns the pii-scnco of nilllury power makes It safu to attempt or Impose. Of course there am many men, ami among them those in high social am! political position, who can nut perceive at oil the existence of such oumiition of things. Some .of pmin min Kn-ltiern nimj Im «mn»win«'Ml misinnss. They claim to ho Union men nml to speak freely finds prlvsfr opinions, and they losif* f>,so far as they can Jmlgo, tb<rc exists a general fouling of peace and content among the people, which only requires immediate restoration of tho filste. withdrawal of tho army, aril entire non-inlcrlerenco by tho General (internment to bring tho State back to its normal condition of loyalty and love toward the Union. But those alone who have been compelled by their own oz jHWicnce to bear the burden of rebel hate can estimate its weight. We cannot, with out exlerdlcg this report beyond proper limits, refer In detail to the specific evidence taken upon the part of those who have been made to sufler as Union men and friends of cur Gown meat, and of those who from their position, pursuits and opportunities have testified to facts wiihln their'knowl edge tending to show the peaceful condition of Union men. known and marked as such in Loal-lana, or that taken from witnesses pro duced by a “Committee of Citizens,” who* testifv to tbe good order and kindly feeling and loyal sentiment prevailing among the people of the State. Nor have we arrived at the judgment we have formed from “opin ions ” expressed on either side; but from opinions connected with and resting npon facts within the knowledge of tbe witnesses examined. There have been more than ninety witnesses examined who speak of tbe condition of affairs In Louisiana, and of tho sentiment towards and treat ment of “Union men.” known to be such la the community where they live. Of these forty-seven were called at the request of the “Committee of Citizens,” who desired to vindicate the character of their city, and to establish the loyalty of the- State. On tho part of these w itnesses there was a general expression of satisfaction with tbe policy of the President. It was stated by most of them that tbc fact of being “Union men” was no hindrance to success In business. Jacob Barker said that “men of every party and description patronize my bank; I-do not think there Is any difference.” - Mr. Winlzbergcr, a Deputy Sheriff, who also claimed to be a “Union man,” . who had been “ under all circumstances lotol to tbc Government,” and bad been In office “ under all administrations,' Whigs, Democrats and Know Nothings,” had never suffered “Inconvenience, molestation, or violence.” because of bis being a “Union man.” The opinion was given bv moat of these witnesses that it would be safe and jn dlclons to withdraw tbe military forces and tbc Frcedmen’s Bureau, and to admit Repre sentatives to scats in Congress. ‘We have examined with care, and have weighed tbe proofs on cither side. Wc have come to the dear conclusions which we believe to be accurate and lust. TUE LEGISLATIVE REMEDY REQUIRED. In view of tbe facts proved, we are con strained to say that the time has fully arrived when Congiess should Intervene, and should so legislate os to secure to tbc people of LouWana a republican form of Govern ment. Tbc condition of (blurs existing there cannot 'continue consistently with the safety; security or peace of loyal men. Since the surrender of the rebel armies, rebellion lua assumed another form and now controls the G* vrmmcnl through (he same agencies that led these armies in time of war. During the rebellion tfacrc were large numbers of men who remained steadfast to tbc Gov eminent. In the midst of treason they were found- loyal. While aimed traitors were in the field contending with imal armies and struggling to destroy rite nation, these men. at personal peril and despite of obloquy which construed loyally lotlic Union to be treason to the State, con tinued firm in thdr allegiance. These men are now made to feel the vengeance of unre pentant. although it may be pardoned rebels, and In iktsou, propertv and life, arc exposed to continued attack. Nothing but the pres ence of military power at this moment tnenanrabty protects them from injury. It dots not protect them from insult, from M-eial ostracism or the supercilious arrogance of tut n accustomed to own (belabor they em ploy ed. If the Government ought to pro ic. t Its constant frlmds against men who wcic its constanteneralcs.t he obligation Is dls cl« fed to adopt and enforce inch legislative action as the facta existing in Louisiana re quire, It is to be expected that npon such a question there would be diverse views ex pressed. Men whose opinions arc In accord with those of the community among which they live, will And it sale to express their opinions freely, and will testify that free sj« icli is allowed; they will conduct their Imslncfs without Interference, and will not observe that hindrances are opposed to loyal nun : thet me protected In person, property atd life, and appreciate no danger which tliry never feel. And when the question conturis Itself with jKitlttcal differ ences, s*’ch diverse views become more appa rent and difficult to reconcile. It Is obvious that such difference exist at Washington. It Is equally au that they flud place In Louisi ana. Those who are known there and marked as “Union men,** advocate political views wldelv differing from those held by fhe laic officers and soldiers In rebel arn lc», and by the men—citizen* or soldiers —who maintain that traitors defeated in at tempts to break up the Government had yet a right under the Constitution to voice and vole in Congress, and to immediate restora tion io fbimer jKillllcal power. If. then. In order to a Just deter mination of the question which jlhc commit tee has Iwen charged to answer, the only tiiran* ollcred tin bad been the opinions of men, there mltht lie in cur mind uncertainty and st nit' misgivings lest iKditieal biases had affected the Judgment of the committee. Rut that i oiiirrei*toi<al action should bo had, I* settled by fact and not opinion' When men ate driven from their homes, and their lives trrerttei.ed, and their property destroyed— when in business they are proscribed—when recent rebels Laid ail places of trust, and, having tower, use It to oppress and punish loyal men because they are and hare been loyal—when the whole body of colored men. who have never fllocbea from duly os radical loyalist* when the days were gloomiest and the dangers greatest in toe time of war, arc persecuted by system* hauled llko will) liranU, Itid «UiiKtil<irea wlltioul mno» and with ctitlro limiiunlly rrnin t)liiil*inHii Him In tm 11« ml left fur doulil lll«l "ow". Irglilstlvn remedy snooldbaapi'llod" rufj ß ' tiro matters of fuel and not or opinion, Mtt, In our JmtLimnt, but one coursels opon.Mfl that »hould he pursued without hnslUtlh'O delay, According to (ho jodgßopt'or all who have toll (ho presence of roltw rule mo have stood flrinh and fearlessly /or til# Union vwhuu (reason wa# ncaroat'to mr», whose JqdmiKiil.gtveu upon p«B» U based upon -facta within personal ex perience; who tlra opinion* rolling on knowledge, and apeak ofwha* thuvjb#Vo anon and known, the present civil Government of LmdUna, existing w UUout sanctum of path rut law, should he suspended by act of Congress. and a provisional (lovernment es tablished and maintained by military power, until the lime baa errae whciuLonUlaiui is controlled by loyal men, and may ho ro stored to the former “ practical relations ta the Union'* without endangering Its security and peace. . - BionirrurowFß nr congress to legislate. The; imperative necessity of sach legisla tion to this end thatLoulslana shall be with in the control of loyal men and not subject to the rule of the same rebel leaders, mlltta* ry and civil, who conducted the war against tnc Government during the rebellion. Is fnlly demonstrated by XacU in proof before the committee. - - ; ‘ The rlghtfal power In Congress to act has been the subject of so'full debate and argu ment that we do not deem it within our province to restate at length thegroundupon ] which It rests. Among the States confederated, in rebel lion, Louisiana assumed a leading place, and furnished her toll proportion of troops and means and monitions of war. The Slate was arrayed against the Government. By the choice of her own people her alle giance to the United States was objured, and was pledged to another Government engaged In war'against them. The political rights and powers and privi leges heretofore possessed and enjoyed within the Union were wilfully abandoned and forfeited. The war was waged against the Union until the whole military power of the Confederate States was annihilated, and the rebellion crushed out by the armies of the Government. That Government then held entire and ex clusive possession of Louisiana. Whatever the political relations were which existed between the citizens of Louisiana and the rebel Government—whether State or Coaled erate—which claimed their allegiance, and to which that allegiance had been willingly rendered during the civil war, they were sus • pended for a season at the discretion of- the concluding piny, by confederated rebellion and by the iact of victory. Tbe conquered . country remains wlthlo the power of the United States to be held according to law until the safety of the Republic shall be as- Uutll sneb time as Congress shall act, and ‘ the political state shall be In Ml communion with the Unlten States, the Government of ' the State, however established, must, for the ‘necessity of the case, be temporary, inchoate ' ut d Incomplete. By act of the Nation’s Congress, snch Gov ernment may be recognized, confirmed and Sanctioned, or It may be disapproved and set aside as the safety ol the nation shall require. ; Within Louisiana, civil government baa been organized, and a Constitution framed, ’as herein set forth. Tbe military authority of tho Uuked States virtually controls the State at this time, and it must control It until such civil Government is established and such Consti tution trdalned by the people of Louisiana os shall assure safety to tho Republic, and receive the legislative sanction of the Con gress of the United States. These results follow of necessity from the fact of successful war. They are the fruits of victory. Without them the war on. the part cf the United States has been, to tbls extent, waged in vain—that while victory lias crowned the valor of our armies, our Government would be left powerless either tolnhiosc terms of peace or provide against rebellion or attempted secession in the fa* lure. These results would not follow if the rebel lion bed been Insurrection merely and not civil war. But the Congress of the United States for four years legislated In view of war. and our soldiers gave themselves to service "daring the war/’ then, It was war, victory has disclosed the rights and the Sowers which the Lightest considerations of uty compel us to use. But the war was conducted by the United States pursuant to powers recognized by tbe Constitution, to pteveut secession uud pro* srivc the Union. ’ The rebel S’ato was at war, it is true, and was defeat! d in Its attempt to oveithrow the Governin' nt. But we would not use the Eower which victory ho* given, as might well c dm o if Lnulsiai a bad not been before the rebellion one ol the United Slates. The m ar was conducted on the part of tho Goverumentto prevent her from permanently dlMinilit g the sutc* of the Union. Now, the i ml of war h peace, and the pence, to be established, must be secured in view of the rentiin tm nls of the Constitution itself. Until u loyal Stale of Louisiana ox* tfts, In full political accord with the L idled States, and the demand of tho Constitul lon is compiled with, that a Govern* irent, republican in form, shall bo guaran teed to the State, thu objects of tho war will nut have been atlulncd. To accomplish that end, tho condition ol alfulrs in Louisiana re* unlrcs the tumpnrary establishment of a Provisional Government. By tho loyal people of Louisiana such n Constitution must bo ordained and inch civil government foimcd as will assure to tba Bo* public a loyal and freo Stale, worthy of a place within thu Union. m.'fi VlWirfli'JhTrift? WftUmßf lliSt'WfS government bo formed for tbsir protection, lui the well-bcltor of the nation, and tho per manent peace ol the Republic. Ami In discharge of the duty placed upon us, wr respectfully submit the bill accom panying this report. Thomah 1). Eliot. House of llcpresentsilves, February 7, 1867. TUB CUUEENCY QUESTION. Legal Tenders versus the Nation; Hanking System. Criticism of «ta Argument Tor Abolish* log tno National Bmki-Serenae Uc> rlvcrt from tbcm 820,000,000 per jlnnnm—Chief inillce CDomU Vlc«th on (Sic QutcUon. The communication of A. J. Grover, of Ottawa,*!*! Tuesday’s Tuibcnb, purporting to lie a reply to my article against abolishing the National Banks, is the most astonishing compound of Ignoiaacc, misrepresentation and exaggeration I ever perused. 'An expo sure of the rottenness of a dozen of bis as sertion will render it unnecessary to waste space on the remainder. For example, be says: “Ibe 8300,000,000 of National Batik currency, founded upon six per cent cold hoods, whh seal-annual lnie«e®t, cost* the Government in currency 154.U00.00u annually, or thereabout, at the present rate of gold.” As more than the bonds ol the Banks arc five per cent Ten Forties, the cur rency Interest Is but $22,600,000, Instead of the amount stated. “And that the Government would save, accord- Ic» to Treasurer Spinner's estimate m a recent letter, one third of one per cent iu wastage, on that amount of greenbacks, which would be fj,UO,vA.O morv, making 5^5,000,0C0 per annum saved.” As it so happens that the “wastage” inures to the Federal Treasury and not to the Banks, the estimated one-third per cent is a clear gain of a million a year to the Government. * Treasurer SfUnner will not feel complimented in being quoted os-tbe author of au assertion so flatly contradicted by the hw. II Mr. Q. had taken the trouble to Inquire of the Cashier or President of the National Bank In Ottawa in regard to »bo pets the “wastage” be would not have exposed his ignorance quite so palpa bly. Under the oldStatc charters the Banks enjoyed the btnefll of the loss or destruc tion of their notes; but under the present system Uncle Sam pockets that perquisite. “To this mar be added the loss id revenue Uy the exemption of of boLdc from local tax ation, which fa not less than (9,000.1)00, making at least (34.100,1)00 i>er annum which the national cunrncy costa the people, while greenbacks, a much better article, would cost nothing.” 1 had supposed that every newspaper reader was aware of the fact that, the Supreme Court of the United States has de cided the hank tax question, which has been iu litigation for two years, against the banks. The Court decrees that the shares of stock In all National Banks, are subject to State, county and local taxation, the same as other taxable property. This decision covers not only the (JKS>,lbo,7oo of bonds pledged by the banks for the redemption of tbclr notes, but it Includes their entire capital, amount ing to fU9,7K0.000. So this foci of record disposes of that error and knocks the (9,000,000 of loti taxation into “ pi,” as the printer would say. “ The I* tnrcc*fifib>' of Ibe lwcnly-flre per cent rtwr»f rued is much more easily nd profitably Srovldcd lor. Mr. Media t*]i Oral the amount of «DOflta exceed! toe amount of circulation by |2ra,sio,.’i7U. We will geteioualy allow, what fa not line Jo point of ltd, that ttala oxccai mat be kepi on fund by ibe banka,in 'lawful money.' vhufi mrent national curt* nev, and not legal beder* ; tmt Inquire what la dose wbh Uie !>«!• ante oi Ibe deposits, imonnting to |800,000,OCO." This erroneous Idea Ibat “lawful money” means National Bank notes, runs all through Mr. O.’s letter like the warp of a web. I did not suppose before reading bis epistle, there was a man in Illinois so big an Ignoramus as to bcliere that “ lawful money” meant bank currency. 1 supposed that ercry body know tbit a National Bank note was a promlm to nay Ibe holder in “lawful money” which consists of gold and silver and treasury notes, called “greenbacks.” Tbe latter Is made “ lawiul money” or “legal tender In pty* tnc&t of all debts to Individuals os well os to the Government, except for tbe payment of duties on Imports. It will W set n tbit. by theer ctmnloaty devised srevisions5 revisions oi law, not a dollar of greenbacks or real trtders is sVotniclr necessary lo be keel on bind by tbe back-. Aoy'hiitg Utit can bo “drawn against” may consilium lhrce*llflba of the twcnu.Bve per cent, ai.d II la ibo easiest thing In lb# world for a bank to seem in navo Hie re« malting ico per cent in "iavlut money,” when In Uct It baa nut a dollar. Tboao tniigbablo snd allly ossortlons are founded on tbe notion! ex |H»*cd above, that hawknote*are “lawful money," luatesd of being merely promises to pay In “lawful money “ or legal tenders. Tim “cunningly dcvlied provlalon of Ibo law “ rrferred to la aa follows: *'Kvery tneb association (National Dank) shall at all limes bar** on band In lawvl mot*M of ibr I'oiled Mile* an amounl equal lo arieatt twenty* /rrprr centam of the scgrecaie amount of its Ovtt'andmg notes of ctrevlatlou ana U* a*potU*. Clearing House certificates representing epocle or lavftl mony or any amount due from any otter to Boston, prosidence, New York, i-bilscelpbia, DalUmorr, Clnctnne k Chicago, hi Loots, or New Oilcans, It good credit, tuiy c to t* dta irn for , mjy be decon-d as to banka oi<irwr of three placet catlt on hand u> tbe extent of three* Hfi/u of said twemy-five per cent.” II a Chicago bank, for Instance, keeps thrcc*fllths of Us reserve funds In New York aESS^SSWBHII JlffiSSi.Trf"i rc.mo >n . «*•«♦ gg® tf®",'{«■£ « 0 Lit, thelaUcrmnlL pay tho f..;M|or In lta»| j.irrj•« 'J C K« «*lll I.,mien, on ',?** «.V''iJ?°," r . a ,V'2 bank dealrw out l _.„> mi? t»*oi-SSSoo. i r odd cSm®? uniol )u moli bank. - Kv"ry m*" »' m ,J"5 ■«"'W",”UVeue * wrtid. in ilnoSnl of our. mum lo writ* loltera to ncwnpnpor* creeu of lu ought to know it Iraal tlml much a bout Jo ilba. amount. f Wgj.ian baSklng.-Tho “Clearing Ilonw Omltftt debt V Ju,r«e,*’ "ills to pr'cloilj toe cu 11.," It "111 Uo obiorved, niuil lio those melt « w Mcb (no cnirmcj ol which ropreaent apeelo or "lawful” money, Ui/,Unll«<l./'•W '• wm?“r I. C. greenback. The way thla pmvlalon of uj Isons o( item norm. tho law time to bo Inserted was this : Air iMs form ha. net woo passed authorising tho Government Ocbi<i In J"™,*;redtoahrai thy norm.l eon to receive temporary loom of money at « S?"*“Vn4 iicrti’f* <««■* »«»»•»<««*. thf "“ft low rote of Jnterc.Vtobo paid tack on do-; “‘“S-jJSJS mand. Tho Government needed the, in coin »« , money yery badly at tbo time, and by pay-, £« e n ihi. dtanmUoniond &em can ta noje lrg a small lain of Internal on currency and tetm . fnr rew.na, undertta “J“g™yjSa. gold deposits, tho business men of Now mot' esSif»M«l«l York and other,;' Eastern cltloa loaned' fffi l<U p U sS,„. TaerpS, leen It conalderablo aoma on call. Many a eunency to Bniteo notea of the Eaatern banka which had Idle, greenbacks In tbelr yanlu ayaUed them- orpleJcocfaecmlllM.ortoaimoothcrwMjJbla selves oi the provbdon of . the law above quoted to loan the Government their eitract atates the ease In a few aurplna Winds on call. The cerOflcatM of TordE and demonstrates the impractlcabUl dcpoaUa thna made, called for legal tandem, ; hc G „ Ternmcnt undertaking to uaurp and of course were taken In tho clearing ftmetiona ofthe National Banka. Judge bonsea. But the ,m “™“ “JL ‘ h “'“g Cbase’a argument will be conclusive with all fiscal year have enabled the Government to thom who „„ g „ rac lent intelligence and pay off in' temporary loans, and those bralng to comprehend the philosophy of tho “Clearing House certificates representing 6Q bject. J. i IEDU * L ' specie or lawful money ” have ceased to ex* * let—everywhere except In the vivid Imagin' atlon ofthe Ottawa individual. The law says “ The Comptroller of Iho Currency, icltt f/u ap proval ot ibc Secretary uf the fto»*ury majap oolnt a cultaMe ncraon to examine Into the aJalre of a bank, who shall hare power to examine acente and officers thereof under oath, and re* of the Currency, asccrtaln ittr that *ny bant la not complying with the law, with the concurrence of the Secretary ot the Treas , vrj, may appoint a lo wind up Ita asairs. On this Mr. G. comments, with owlish gravity, as follows: it Is necessary for the hanks to make quarterly reto'ts to the Comptroller, but if they don't, wbat then! The Comptroller “map," etc., Invcatiga'e, SLd then he “may" not, especially If he and his master, the Secretary cfihe Treasury, are bank* in themselves, and own hundreds of thousands of dollars of l>aok stock, all over the country, as they do. Ko danger of any “suitable** person be ing appointed, and If they were appointed. It is ihe easiest ihmg Imaginable to cel such “suita ble" person to lepou “all ng'cU” It U difficult to preserve one’s patience i and equanimity In dealing with such . foolith trash as this. The law rc ; quires, cot quarterly hut monfUy, statements . of the condition of every bank to be made in full detail, and sworn to by the officers of ttc bank. A quarterly statement must also be published, for the information of the ipublic, which Is much less In detail than the 'monthly statement made to the Comptrol ler. _ Tbe Comptroller not only may appoiot.bat loop since did appoint, a large number of agents -who travel about tbo country and drop Into tbe banks when least expected, and overhaul their books, records, and bills payable and receivable, count their money on band, whether in greenbacks, bank notes, or specie, and examines all their property, bonds, securities and liabilities, and In short nose out and pry Into all tbeir affaire, and make a confidential report un der oath, to the Comptroller in Washington. Every Notional Bank has been subjected to those inquisitorial visitations. Whenever suspicion falls on any hank an examiner is soon within Its doors. If complaint be lodged with tbo Comptroller, suggesting any irregularity or attempted evasion of the requirements of the law, a special examination is directed to bo made. A full record Is kept in the Treasury Depart ment oi the condition of nil the banks, and it Is the interest of each bank that a'l the rest shall fuilT comply with the law. Each to a cer tain extent la bondsman for its neighbors, and consequently a spy on their management. No former system of banking In this country ever had so many safeguards thrown about It, and never before was the note-holder and depositor so amply secured against loss, In dealing with the banks. “ Thus it will be seen that Mr. Mcdill's position thatti ere is au asgregsto of 1310,00*5,000 • pmn* bach' held la treem and ont of ciicmstloD, Is a fiction, 'the Idea (tint tm Bankershlp McCulloch, hss ever or will ever bold the bank* to strict ac count under thu law, or lhal be could If bo would, is unwarranted." The shortest way to dispose of this stuff Is to copy the figures from the official records. On the morning of the first Mondvy In .lan* nary, 18(57, the National Banks of the United States had lu their vaults for Iho security of noteholders ami dc]Kisltors tbo following sums of “lawful money ; M I'Ulu threat 'ictidei* llttl.MWf Compouuu Interest Ug«l Tenders.... 81 W|OI l«,MW7il ~ ,Tol»l Uwful Money lnaiidAlM bsdiififll flank hoteH ou‘aisitdii«it..,. ti u JI ir i-iWI laiefiom NadOisl JJsnk-.., it Is thu* seen that tlio legal lender re* ™ JVr t f sdrf n*. c' In other words, after demoting Banks were to retbu tindrowu notes mJ put In elreulullou those of the Government, the vacuum to be filled would only be the differ ence between fdOI,OUfi,‘.AIi of hank notes and $lWI,5U,ir-7 of legal tenders now locked np In the Banks, which Is $100,581,807. , The Government Is therefore getting the nse otsl(M,« r >f?fi,B27 for nothing, which If funded Into A2O bonds would cent It upwards of eight millions lo currency for Interest. It is. a>so, getting the use of $31,025,100 compounds for tlx pci cent In currency, Instead of six per cent lu gold, which Is equal to a million and a half of dollars. Bat In a lew months hence Ihhty-four millions of the compounds will cease to draw loterc-t, and within eighteen mouths all of them will ce.ee drawing Interest. A bank reserve In 1808 of two hnndred millions of legal ten ders will be a free loan of that amount to the Government, saving It sixteen millions of IntcTCet on band. If to this sum is added tbs seven millions of direct taxes paid by tbe banks into tbe National Treasury, we have twenty-three millions. Add to tills five percent Income tax on dividends and sur plus representing say ten per cent of earn mgs, which will yield the Government two millions, and to these sums add the “wast age” or destruction of bank notes, one mil lion, making a total of $26,000,000 of Na tional revenue derived from the National Bunks; in addition to all of this Is the State, county and city taxes to be here after paid by those banks, is accord ance with the mandate of the Supreme Court. And yet there is a class of thoughtless, ignorant, foolUh people who are clamoring for the abolition of the Na. lional Banks under the silly Idea that the Government wonld thereby save $18,000,000 a year of specie Interest on the bonds of the banka pledged for the redemption of their notes. I have space for only one iflord extract from this singular tissue of ignorance and misrepresentation, viz.: “ Mr. Medlll knows very well (perhaps byfeel ing lo his pockets) that tbe majority of the hanks m ice West aie dividing among stockUoldere ten. percent, and often twelve, every six montos If Ud uod t know this, he ought to know.lt; and many of the banks, actually ashamed to declare a 'larger dhidena. have established übat they call a unking fund, atd are adding to this fund five to u-a per cer t per annum. The writer can prove •Lis last statement if calico up,a, and la ready to dolt. Hoes Mr. Bed'll know of a dollar's worth ot National Bank stock which cab be bsd lu the market for Ices than *I.BO to Shout Übe does, he knows what the writer docs not." In reply lo this question, J answer, yes he knows ol several million dollar's worth of National Bank stock lo this city which can be had for less than f 1.50. The subscrl her has a few shares in one of the best banks iu the city which Mr. Glover can have at a great deal less than tbe figures he names ; aud by “feeling in his pockets” he discovers that his dividends have not averaged ten per cent per annum. The alleged profits of tbe Natioral Banks will bo newt to their stock holders. In thrcc-fourths of the States the hanks arc not allowed to charge hut six to seven per cent interest. In this and some other Western States the rale of interest is Un per eerU, according to State law. The banks have heretofore derived six per cent Intuest on their compound legal ten* ders, tut this source of profit is nearly at an end. Tbo seaboard city banka made something out of “call loana” to the Government, at four to aix per cent; but that source of profit has terminated. As the compounds become doc tbe profit* of the banks will ciow less. The best Informed bonkers bvlieto tbat after deducting taxes, expenses aud bad debts not to ex ceed eight per cent can bo,averaged by all tbe hanks. Some will make ten or twelve, creven more; others six, four and down to nothing. It don't require many bad debts lu the course of a year to absorb all of tho profits a bank can make on Ua good custom ers. But to como back to a question In some men's minds, why should not the Govern* incut create and Issue all or our currency as Mr. Randall's plan proposes? Tboteplyls, that all experience and logic go to prove tbo impracticability oflbc Government undortak* log to do a banking business. Tbo nocosltics oflbc tressury during tbo war, cnmpcllcdan Issoo of legal tenders, but It was done as a last resort In a period of national peril. Mr. Cbaso and Congress discussed tbo whole question at the time (be National Dank Act was under consideration. England and Franco bate been over the question and srttlvd it at the United Stales has done, and Franco is now seriously considering tbo pro. prlety of adopting our National banking ays. tem In tbo main, ard tbo boat English bank, era praUo our plan as the most simple, wlso »mt effective extant. Not one cilUim In a hundred would vote to abolish our National bonk system and go back to the old bolero, gemma system#, slump-toll and wild eat State banks. Tbe following quotation from Secretary Chao's report In ISC3, wheq we were organ!- xing oar National banka and issuing legal tenders, Simula a few words the nhllosopby of tbe rcssonk against having the Govern ment inanofHtate a paper currency for the people h.jgjn lime to come; l6ot.njJCipgcbjectleaßio*Beh aclrculaUsn R<eoJntlons of «l»e Rllnneoota Lcslala- lare. The following resolution, deprecating fur ther redaction of the national currency, passed both houses ot the Minnesota Legis lature on the 4th Inst.: Whereas, The financial condition of the country is depressed t as evidenced in the stag nation ol trade, Impaired confidence, and general distrust of the future, and in view of the fact that no general relief can bo ex pected while the present apprehensions and uncertainly prorail; and t chereas, The con tinued reduction ol the currency and rapid decline In values diminishes the ability of our people to pay high taxes, and discharge liabilities contracted when prices were high er and mouev more abundant, and It heme evident that a stringent money market, if continued, will mally retard the adranc°- ment of this State in her vast asrieuttaral, manufaetnrinp, and railroad interests . and IXrras. It is manifestly unjust to burden the Ttcnrrie of Ihe loyal States with excessive taxation for the purpose of UquldaUng the funded debt, at this tune when ths people of the South are nnable to contribute, thereby relteylng them of their pro portionate share of the burden: therefore. Resetetd By the Senate, the House con ctSugTfhatwWitis desirable to return to specie payments whenever consistent with the business prosperity of the country, the lurtherJ eduction of the currency iit this time is dangerous and tfnwlee . that national taxation should he adjusted with a riew to dcirav the expenses ol the Ooverument, main tain the public credit by the prompt pay ment of Interest, and provldeacomparatively small but gradually Increasing sinking fund; thus leaving to times of more general pros purity among all the States, with Increased ponulatioD, commerce, and wealth, the iapid payment ol the public debt. That onrSena tors and Representatives In Congress be re quested to urge the carrying out ot the in tent ot these resolutions by appropriate legislation, and that the Secretary of State is requested to transmit to each of them a copy ofthescrcsolutloDS. THE ILLINOIS CAPITAL. The Bill for m New State House. The bill agreed upon by the joint Commit lee qQ.Public Buildings lor the erection of h new etatu House, and reported on Friday last, provides as follows: A Box lor an act to provide for tbo erection of a new Mate House. Srenow 1. HexttnacwihyUupeopU of th- Siate of JUinois* repretfMHi In the General AtvmMy* That the Governor ol tbe State of liliooU Is here by authorized and empowered lo convey to the countv of Hancamon. Stale of mint h, and to the clij of HpilnuflubU in said roomy, or either of th< m, for Ibe use of the people of r&d comity and city, all that piece and parcel of croimd, slmate. ItiiiC otu being in tbe city of HpnncfliM, In said county, known as the r * public njanic," con* lalrntg two acres and a ba'f. he tbe same mare or less, upon which Is now located the Slate Home. for the sum ot two tmedred thou* eond dollars; and for the further consideration ttattaul eiaotces shall can-o to be cuuvcvedto the State of HUrols, In lee simple. Unit paiccluf ground lying in the city of Hprli-kfleiil, aforesaid, tinnoded by Second, Monroe, Silting and Charles sucrls. containing between riabt and nine acres, bald sum of two hundred thutpand dollar* shall be paid into the treasury of the Stale ol Illinois in iwo equal annual li.Mahmenls, the first of which shall ne paid on the first day of April, IBC6, and *bc second on the firs! day of April, IWili. bro v. r ibc comity of Ha.-caniniinnd aatd city of Hnriosfleld an l hereby ou.liorlxcil to issue anch Due as and levy snch taxes a* may he neesiaary to I alro said rum ur iMohumlfeO Oioitsiuid dollars, and for the jmrrh*»c of >nld parcel of laud; pro* tUhd, raid honda shall nnibcartmoiciluxcovillug leu per cent ner annum. . , ... Hat), it. bald sum of two hundred thousand dol lars Hull be Miiemlfd toward the erection of a bum Hale Ilmisii upon raid last described parcel of lard, ami lu addition th mtu, iho auin or two humliou arm liny tlimiraml dollars Is hereby np •.Hated out of any money In the treasury not otherwise appropriat'd, for (ha raoio purport*. Haiti Male liunanshnU cost a anin not exceeding Ibtes Tnlllif-ira of dollars. hxc. A. ’lho tullonlmr persons, via: John W. f ;r.m-j«,U<mV.t‘Pliip >Vadawonli. •U.yrs.p. appoudeu C'ummlssiniiVf ’Co'anperlnirnd ih« * ’cJ* , lliu of (be new Htale House uloicaabl, who, bolero they trier upon the discharge of tiiolr dune-, sir HI merlniobond to the Governor of ibis huts. with approved securltt, In (ho n«ntlty of tweiiiy-flvo tt onsanddollars each, wjibln thirty dare artorrbe paraago of thla act. conditioned lor the faithful petlorwance of their dmira, and a:nll aoverallv take an«a(b that they will well and truly dlaubargu all ihetr dalles aa c« mxslaafon*re, in euporlntoiia log the election of raid Slate House. The Gover nor of the Slate fa herebt authorized io fill all va cancies by appointing commUaioaera who shall continue to act ncnl rue next session of the Gen eral Aaseinbly, which rhall raiity or reject said appointment. The Governor Is also aulbmined to n move any comnilerioner for cause, ana UII the vacancy cccat woed thcret«y. Sec. 5. ihc commissioners shall select the most durable material for Bold State House, and juako cite lame a* neatly flre-proof aa possible. It ebalt be constructed upon the most approved and non* vinltnt plan Sec. «. Said commissioners shall stipulate for all payment? to be made out ol the Inna hereinbe fore provided, and no other Ibe accounts ol tbe expenditures of said comm B«ioj\er»»uali be cei ttfifd toby said commuslobetß,or a majority of them, and by tbe Secretary of State, and approved by tbe Governor. Tbe Auditor shall thereupon draw bis warrant upon the Treasurer therefor, to be paid out of the fued Hereinbefore provided In lavor of the party lowhcm the account* Shall he due. flee. 7. The said commission ere shall advertise at lo st thirty days In (wo daily papers in Cbfra&o and Spiinpileld. and one dally paper m New York and Philadelphia, fur the plans and specifications tor a new State House. Said commissioners shall wait three months ait-r said publication, and if they stall bare received any plans and specifications within that (hey shall immediately (hereafter notify each mcml>er of the two committees ot the Senate and House ol UepresentaUvcs ot this General Assembly on public build lues, to meet at u.e city of Spring field on a day fo be specified inaaidno'Jce. Saul notice to be slven at least teu days prior to such meeting; asdifa majority of said commipeea a\id commissioners in attendance shall decide upon any plan then submitted to them, the,said Commissioners shall be bound thereby, and pro ceed to erect a new Slate Bouse la accordance oub said plars and the accompanying specifica tions so adopted. They shall employ such archi tects, mechanics aid lsoore:s as may be necessary for the early compMion of arid building, and shall each receive for their services as commissioners the sum of five dollaru per day fonimeof actual service, to be paid out of the fun' l tmlnliffo-o provided. They shall also be authorized to employ a Superintendent acd Bee iciory. Sic. 8. The present State House and grourde stall continue to be iwed for State purposes until the new hulldlo" sballbe snfllcleeUy advanced for the use of tlicomeretit deportments of Stale, and (he Mate shall Lave tbe absolute posieMon ana erntiol of said building ontll that time Szc. 9. Ibis act shall lake efiect acd be In force Irom and alter us passage. THE CRETAN KEYOLETIOS* Heroic Resistance of itie Cretans— movements of tbe Belligerents. [Cacea (Crete) Corn-spocdecce (Jan 6,) of (be New Yoik Tiiounc.J Alter the affair of Arkadi, the Turkish army temporarily crippled and unable to undertake any new movements, fell back on Itctimo to recruit, acd after a fortnight's de lay, was reorganized for a new expedition against SeUnos, tbe most obstinate and re bellious of all tbe districts, as Its people arc the most warlike. The army left here with about 1),0C0 regulars ami .S,OUO nr fi,ooo bashi bszouks. At AUklaroe. a town at the foot ,of tbe northeast slope of tbe White Mountains, ten or twelve miles from here, they met tbe first resistance, a skirmish with an advaocoguard of Greeks, and Irom there to tbe first stronghold. T.akus, they were nearly a week making their way, t bough It is hut three hours* walk. The Cro jaus held the defiles leading to Omato, a fiicat plateau in the White Jlountalus, where were their depots. At Karls, a little village near Lakup, tlie Turks were badly repulsed, Imt a division being ordered up from the central districts to Hank their position, tbe Insuigents fell back on the defiles themselves, and finding the passage to Oma lo impracticable the Pariui moved along by the right to gam tbe passages to fleltnns, which are excessively difficult If well tie fended. Tbe Cretans had about 5,000 men on the ground, with reserves of nearly as *much more, who might come or go, as their families demanded. These would hare been sufficient to hold the passes against 50,000 men, if they had been well disposed, but unfortunately they bad throe heads, tho tlirco Greek volunteer officers com manding the divisions of JTcileucs, and dltectlng all the military operations, bar. Ing united to offer tho strongest pos sible resistance. Bat with their dissensions and Jealousies no plan was possible, and Mnstapha. moving suddenly after three days of rains widen deluged everything and Killed His own men by hundreds,, took tho pass of Fhrouka by surprise, and after a sharp combat of four nr five hours, and con* tldcrnbic loss, pushed a column through, and effected the passage of bis whole army without further opposition* the Chris- Hans retiring to tho mountains of bphakla, tho southern portion of tbo While Mountains, and leaving Hcilnos to tho discretion of the troop#. That thlsdlscre lion was devastation and utter ruin, wo needed no assuraoce, hut tho destruction there is laid to have surpassed that in any other province, Tbo Fasha onco In tfelinos, •. closed In on the rrud« by which bo Imd entered, ami out off all land communication with the rest of thelshnd, so that bo la obliged to'acml for ships to got haok to C’Anen, or effect a junction with tho rest of his Ibices east or Hpliakia. The Hpbaklan Mountains occupy tho south ern half of the western portion of tho Island, coming down to tbo African Bea with s plunge so bold that no passage Isaflbrdcd along the seaside, und tbe passes through the mountains are so difficult that no foice canid i»a*s in tbe free of a re slstance In the least formidable. The Paaba spent a great deal of money among the Spha kiot cbicfr, and hoped at tbia critical moment tbat they wouldroake their submission aud fiermit him to outrage the Hellenes who were □ their valleys. But they all declared against submission, or even neutrality, and fired on the boats he sent round to receive their adhesion. The whole flnhakiot population took np arms, and the Pasha was obliged to abandon icy Idea of oprfttll<m*l.iv.,i.. llmlr nfliilrallljr. Ko therefore lUiciuMr,!,: vmUfk hU Hoop* to *nt lhnm tuimd wu. Ai okorotm. wlicrn !li«fo w«th .(t battalions (Iho battalion lull U I ini, tfßMlno a general aUark on SphmJU u t vuftl. Hut at till" moment stiMing i,i u „7 ** from the westward which how 11l yesterday with oxmwlvo J. " even now la blowing lw» bardiuprnJJ nuliarballonof troop* on .n ni*«i win,,,,, harbor*. Ho lh«feh« •!»>*, J hv land with bb capital amt hunt of * Impossible ;by aea diflb-'iill, for u Uji ru - scarcely land on that coa»t with n weiifri. or somberly wind, meanwhile iryln-j ' x & t passes in the • mountain*, hut always n , y*v pulsed. To col Into Sellnui irom Viir.»i,u W-i was down hlU—lt don’t need a (Inn* tK Ly master to ahow that l'*a up-hill Sr . back, and ao Miutapha finds It. > Meanwhile, a force of Chrlsllnim, f>.T» ni of different provinces, under the c«t»mui *of Corakar, with' about thirty vobtouerj attacked the late headquarter* of the in the heartoftfcemoitiijor. * f oughlf "conquered” district, and cut ■: : garrison almost .to a mu, and repuUaj , force sent to relieve It, the Torkl-h loss* L being about 250 men. At the sam.* timet ♦ large force appealed In the province of i Agios Vasili (Si. Basil), and Sthri I'ailj, who had a division there, beata bsaiy reu w i toßetlmo’to save hla bacon from l>elcg smoked ala Eplskopl. And now we tie*, that the whole eastern part of the blardh In’motion, havlne only bent before tin* inn- . aloD, and to gain time. This week a su-amer landed 700 volunteers with supjdio. Ac., near Candla, and when Mustapba cf Sellnos, he may march back and the other half of the Island. THE ; FESIAS AB3IY. General Order of President Ilotocru orcsnlzatlon or an lrL<<h*imerlciD - drmr* • [From the New Torlc Tribute, Pehrn— The folloulns Older. d«l£oatlri= the,,., paolration of Sio IriJ* /'raj, with which the second invasion of (.nudib to be attempted, is now for the nr?t time made public: • * Wab DxPAßramrT- FrsiAjrßaoTnEnuGOD. > No. TO* Broadway, ' j fsw Yobs, January 3], j GrsBUL Orujina, No. 2.—The. folumin.* came ard dealgoatlon ia hereby givcc to the regiaeay ot Infantry of the irlah Republican Army, ioa tinnerprocess of orpaidaUnn, vir.: . <ihe intotiT enrolled In the slates or Mstae, New Hampshire and Vermont, mil compile tit First Regiment of Infantry, i it. a. Thj.<c ca rolled in Maaaaehni*etie, the Second Regiment. la Connecticut ana Rhode island the T'iud itr»i meet. In New York City and Broohlrn. ise Fourth and Urth Regia* nts. in the £i*t pu.iMa of the State ol New Vork, east of a Hue running s' iron* Sack*t» Harbor to Biaghani;.to*, including Albany, Troy, ttica, Pbmsbcrj. Ugdeasbu-g, Ac., Ac., Sixth Regimen, and all *»»sr ol that line. Including Boflalo. Dunkirk, Ac.. Ac., the Seventh Refitment. Ibe Rich Ii Keg ment a ill be otprrrcnt Jett vacant. In .se v Jener anu that Eorilin of Pennsylvania !yhg ca-t of the Su-que anna River, the Ninth iceginirn:. Alt ot Penasyl vanla west of the Susqiir! nr:c.t River, the Tenth Regiment. In Dela«a»e, Maijiind and Virginia, MSB Eleventh Regiment. in Urio. the Twelfth Replm nr. in Indiana and Kentucky, the Thir teenth Regiment. In Illinois, the Fourteenth Regiment. In Michlgai., the Fifteenth Regiment. in \Vi>ciwi?m, iotra and Minnesota, the Sixteenth KegiacnU Xn Missouri and Ha sas, the Seventeenth I'eghmnt. In Ten nessee, North Caudles. South Carolina, tteorgla and Alabama, the Thirteenth Regiment. In Mis eUtij-pi, Ludhiana. Arkansas, Texas and Florida, the Nuietecnib Regiment. In Dakota, Montana, Idaho, \Va?Mtgton and Oregon, the Twentieth Regiment. In .Nebraska, Colorado, Utah, Neva da, « aliforma, Arizona and New Mexico, tne 'i\»entv.fir»t Regiment. 1. Military in-ptciore, organizers and center* ol circle? in the above cauitd Stues und *v iiis Mill, .mmediatcly, m»on a company being raijti l . forwaia the muster roll*, properly ailed up. lo three headquarter*, w hen the letter of the com psi>v will tie designated and forward d. 1 3.’R hen authority is* given to r-l»e caralrr or I anil’civ companies. InalTnciluOß relative to me i.timber ot the r gim* xt and letter of tho company . w.ll be teMifd from these headquarters as sown a* . romploie roll* of the tame are received amt ap proved. _ _ . By command of the President, Wm. R. Roberts. S. P. SI EAR. Adjutant UeceraUnd Acting Sec’y of War.S.B. A Horrible Tale—A Woman Confined Kittliteen fears lu a Dunccun l>j a IHeXican Padre. A newspaper published at Colkna, Mexico, tells the following frightful story, and calls upon Hie public to punish the criminals: When General rucbllta entered the town of Ayo in September, last, he exuded a loiccti loan from the people, and a portion of It fill upon the curate of the place, flic curate acted aa tbotiuh he would pay, hnl he did not make his appearance at the point designated for payment, and General I'neb lita ordered him to be arrested. A parly ot men went to bis dwelling, and knocked at thu dour; there was no answer, and they broke in. They lound no «»e lu Hie lion-e, aud were about to have It, when they heard a liUihtHH voice proceeding from the ground, laying, "I'm hungry.” , . The officer lu command went back to Gen eral Tuebllta, and told him about the voir.'. Thu General unpointed a commission to ex amine thu house. Tills commission went to the curate's dwelling, and after u carcbil ex amination they found » movable atone in the Hour, and under this was u stairway fouling dow n to thu vault, which was entirely <Urk. slid had no connection with Iho n»r save by the staircases and a small hole that served a* a ventilator. I« UIU vault they dUeuveivdu tew article* ol furniture, aud a woman who bad been shut up there for ekblmm years. Mto was taken lo General BucblUa'* quar U \Vbcn brought Into the light, wlmro »lic iuw a number of pci>m»», she tainted. Alter she ban returned l«» her smiac* a H»ou*mi«l \i»j!iissi» ,, sanasr{i'i!;i years, Without going out mr a dm mint; that she had betn married, and had chHdiea by Iter liu>bum|, but she knew noth ing ot their late; that while Imprisoned in that vault she bad bvdchildtcu by in emirate, but she knew nothing ol wiial had bee..me oi Ihvte children ; and atlcr that much became obstinate and silunt. While tLJb was tossing, a sergeant of the Fueblita bilgade, tucn present, diacoveml that this woman wua.JiLj mother, and she recognized him as her eou, and embraced him. Tho con tten ran lor Ihelatlier, who came and recognized hlswlfe. The l.uabimi, fifuen years ato. waslmpiboue.t ihreuyears under tho charge ot murdering bu wire, this woman. Death of Wiliam Durban* the Urrat Imh Uallwar t.ontr^ct»r. [From tbo New York UcralJ.J "WU'iam Durgan, the Irish railway con tractor, who lulled a -lion time ago and whose liabilities were very heavy, u dead. Mr. Darken had beet* ailing during the Ja-t days of the past year aud »a9c«»uiiiKd to bed by illness (luce the 2d of January. HU late failure Involveda large sum of iimncy—?«»me aay a million and a half sterling—and the occurrence preyed heavily on Ins mind. He was a Bcff-nmde man. U*rn of bumble parents in the county Carhov. En dowed with a clear business perception, un tiring industry atd great energy, he made bis way from the posinou ofa small smh con tractor tor land drainage aud other lord works to be the tCammolb public tnd i»ov ernruent works contractor of the UUnd, building docks and quays, railroads, bridges, •monuments, and deepening and dredging'riv era and .reclaiming waste lands a» profitable allovcr the country. Ills overseers engineers and workmen arc met with on every *ide. i? r * »P? r 8 ail * a eiam p!e was set forth by Hie k!gUib Government as one worth* 01 imi tation hy bis countrymen, and his efforts .<|»o ken ol as more likely to reallv benefit the country than those of all the leading po.iti cal or war men it has produced. Irom Brian Borolmhe to Grattan, and from O'Connell to James Stephens- When Queen Vlciorii was m Ireland she honored Mr. Dargjn by mak ing a special visit to the-hemb'e cottage in which he was born and taking a seat m the chair which bad belonged to his mother. .The deceased gentleman was a very *hrewd financier, but not regarded as liberal la bis encouragement or rewards to faithful em ployes. He enjoyed means of learning the ex act social and political condition of Ireland almost daily, and bis sudden money filiate and winding up at the most alarming crisis of the Fenian revolutionary agitation was proclaimed by the Stephens party In Ireland and America as a positive, solid evidence of the real alarm created by their tnovemeul and the belief entertained at the time In well-in formed quarters that they would make good their wotds by deeds. Tbe Mew Mute Hou*c. The Evening Post, speaking of the three million steal lor a new flute House In Springfield, says: A good example of the manner In which public interests arc looked after In Spring field Just now. I* shown in the relative atten tion paid to the new State House and the Convention to amend the Constitution. The new State House has lots of money In It. It will involve the expenditure of three millions of dollars. It will provide places lor Pt Ilticlans woo. having done nothing for their country In time ol war, want to In crease their already plethoric putfes out of the public treosury. The expenditure of three millions of dollars is a fat thing (or thu vultures. There are also local Sprioefield interests. There are pfopertv-holdcrs to be bled—merchants lo be assessed—and a com plete system of lobbying on the most ap proved plan and the roust expensive scale m order to fix forever tbo capital of this great State where it never should have bceu located, aud where it will be every year more and more out ol place. The flies are all the lime buzzing around this corrupt carcass. It is true that the names of two very respecta ble gentlemen have Just heca added to the Commission ; but In our Judgment the fret that the Commissioners have been selected from one doss and (hat no soldier's name appears among them Is one of the chief evi dences of a “nigger In tho fence.” Willie a few political hacks aud ml estate speculators are pressing tho erection ofa new Slate House, the preparatory atepa to the adoption of a new Couslitullon have ro* ceived comparatively Bttte tiUcnilon. Htporird Vandalism or the Prwneta in ffiexlco* A very intelligent American gentleman, who ban served for two yean in tbo Liberal nruiy ofMcxico.srrlvcd lately at Now Orleans. He gives a very gloomy account ot the Mexicans and their prospects for an carlv ro ll'rn to p;aco and quiet, Tbo French sol. diers, until recently, have been uudor excel, lent dbclpilne, atm raioly wore permitted to Indulge thHr penchant /i»r robbery oud wantomjesr. But immediately dßer taking in. the line of march from tbe Interior tbelr officer# seemed to slacken the reins of *dl»cl* pline, and acts of vandalism, robbery, and not niif'cqupiitly rnuidor. obaroclerlßcd tbelr otbcubUou. Houses were sacked of ladles ruthlessly lore ? ,c i r *iV n, . # W lady InvalldsffiJco, * f C /Vi lC L “ n d wauraiaea out open *i. their search for concealed treasures, Tbo nl.i\.rtr 0 /h**t wbo i upon too rear and llai-ks of tbe departing French, lound every, where foot andT band ofX uiS Sd «f T . , hs?r !, r ?rb . ,3r flo, * bed realdcnces strip. r cd °n bc J r lurnlture, which was found brol ken and strewn along tbo Una of march He give# a graphic picture of 'S rmo and desolation Vlueh marked the truck of tbe ''foreign’* -toe Whenever tbe Llbeiaia overhauled any of theie thieving stragglers they meted out to them a speedy and terrible punishment, Ha declares that the plunder carried out of the mierlor by the French soldiery. If not by cider ct ibtlr officers, at least by tbelr con enrtetee, wIU amount to millions., Every soldier seemed determined not to null the country with empty pockets. * V •tv,