Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, February 15, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated February 15, 1867 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

Chicago tribune. DAILY, TBI-TT EESXT AjTD'WKEKLY, OF F ICE, No. 91 CLARK-ST. TUereaw ttrea emuotacr cue Teibckx woued- lit. very aornisg. for .circulation br earners, tarwseen BTifl tbe mails, 11 TStlB-VTimT, Moodoys, Wed fiSSOan azd Fridays, (or tba nails oclj; tad tbe Wam.T,caTbon4*T»,fci tbe walls aad.sale at ooi ©carter aad'bv newsmen. Tenu sfibe Cbleaso Tribunes ©aUj dellreiedbs ta?nty ever - ■ . •» *» . (per «iasxt«T)—- PUT. to mat? robscslbfrt q*«rmatnit, P*T»- Iq • •.•.............. ... I*lvO. Tn-Wee*!y.(per saioir, rsJ*blc to adraaoe>- W.OO WeeXJy.(poaozw sl - c laadvaueej...-. 4.00 pr FractMcal part* oi U» yearas ■»•«»« rates, nr* Perrons remtttit* saa erflenti five or core copies or rttaer tbe Ttt-WccWy or Weekly.ediUoas, r-.j rmtsia per cent or Bw sdbocrtp&ca -price as a craimliUoc. - Konea to stbscszstbs.—ta orncmg tbe address ci yoer papers rbaa&ed. to prevrat delay, bs sore acd tr««iry wtat edition yn« ute- t.eckly, Tri-Weekly, wluCj. Also, ctTeyearpßßaaxa&dtatsreaddresa gW'Uo&ey, byDran, Kxprcas, Mosey order*, or la SAstUend Leoers. war besentnosrttSX.' AdOrett, TRIBDKB CO. Ciilauo. Ul. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 15. 1567. THE CBfOkGOpdCK BILL. Wo have procured, and publish this morn ing, a copy of tbe bill proposing, to transfer the trade, commerce, real estate and general wealth of the city, from the hands of the people to a few private individuals. We ask attention to the list of corporators. Mr. Scammon, Mr. Brass and Mr. Walker, and, we believe, one or two others, disclaim any participation in the preparation ol this Jr:icd upon the public, and denounce it roundly. These names being withdrawn from the list, the pnblie will see that the real corporators axe Mr. Melville W, Fuller, and bis immediate circle. It is said, and with truth, that a deg, having once tasted mut tin, does not aftcrwaxds relish any other b od ; and It is equally true that a man who Las oucc whetUd his appetite plundering the public, cannot-, thereafter refrain from raids upon the property of the people, Mr. Fuller has been in the Legislature; lie was also a member of the Consti tutional Convention. His record is well known to the pnblie. . As long as Chicago has a corporate existence the term “ Wa. hash ” will never lose Its peculiar slgnlli cazce. The present scheme of plunder is a gigan tic one. It proposes to convey to Mr. Fuller, his associates and assigns, tbe authority to ** enclose end protect, occupy, use, possess “ and enjoy so much of the bed and waters “ of Lake Michigan as He opposite and east” of fractional sections ten, fifteen and twenty two, a>>d sooth of tbe present south llus of Hie Chicago River, to Twenty-second street, a distance of twoaLd one-fourth miles; and cast into the lake a distance of nearly a mile. Vpotitliis immense tract of land, equal In size to all the present South Division north of Twenty-second street, this bid gives Mr.’ Fuilcr and his associates the right to bnild, construct and maintain piers, wharves, juoU-s. docks, break-waters, and such other c-:t‘< i."rs t works, canals, and slips as they n :»y think proper. They have also the au thority to make streets and cocneet the same vith Michigan avenue, and to take and con dium public and- private property for that purpose. The l-ill gives to these men the title in fee simple to the whole of this land. It fires Ike river at its present width, and prohibits hereafter any change in the mouth of that river, or aay approach lo it from a point south of Its present line. The project In plain English is a grant by the State of Illinois to Melville W. Puller and his associates of a site tor another city, to Ik? built between Chicago and the lake; it gives him and them authority to practical ly close the present river, and thereby com pel all vessels arrivingat Chicago, to tie up at one ol his wharves, and authorizes him to cnllcrl a tonnage or other duty of all vessels l<-r the privilege of entering upon his estate. The Mil destroys the tea or twelve miles n wharfage nuw owned and held bv the city and by private individvals; it practically closes the river to nil vessels, and transfers .the commerce ol Chicago from the hands of the people to the exclusive ownership of Mr. Poller and his associates. The scheme is not only an attempt at robbery, but it is an atrocious cno. It Is not only an Invasion of public right and public property, bat of private right* and private property. It is a deliber ate transfer from the public and from citi zens, of property and business, of trade and cnmrncrce--ond of municipal authority and “foTTrol, to M. Wabash Fuller & Company. This land, contained in these fractional townships, is not the property of the State. It belongs to the whole people of Chicago, and is held by the city as tho properly of the city. The month of the Chicago River is essential to the navigation and commerce cf the lakes. At various times tho‘Channel to the month of tho river has, from various causes, been changed, and for many ycais vessels of more than ordinary driugbt have been required to approach the harbor irom a point half a mile south of the piers, thus passing exclusively over that ■portion of the Lake, which this bill gives Into the possession of this man Fuller and lus associates. A violent storm may at any lime till up the present entrance to the river and vessels entering will be trespassing upon Fuller’s domain. If-this - bill in so many terms, authorized Fuller to close the mouth of the river, it could not have grant ed the power more airecUy than it docs, in fixing peremptorily the southern limits to its fulrauce,and authorizing the erection of wharves and docks, warehouses and other other structures upon the land. We Dtatn Invite attention to the area "of this tract ofland. It extends south from the river to Twenly-sccond street—a distance cf two and one-fourth miles. It extends east wardh one mile from the Lake Shore—less a d : ftancc equal to that from State street to the shore. It b greater than the present South Division north of Twenty-second street. It has a superficial- area capable of accommodating all the elevators, all the railroad depots, alt the packing houses, all the lumber yards, all tbc otal yards, and all the warehouses and stores necessary for the business of Chicago. It will not vary much in extent from 1,260 acres of land lying between Chicago and her .navigable waters. That land, as it now lies, is worth twenty millions of dollars ; as an Investment, It Las a prospective valnc of five limes that sum , as an article of commerce, the charter is worth any sura which Mr. Ful ler may demand for it. This bill proposes lo lake from the city of Chicago this valu able piece of property to confer it upon pri vate individuals. It proposes not only to donate this land, worth twenty millions of dollars, but to destroy other property to an equal, if not greater value. It proposes lo injure ii not destroy the lake commerce of Chicago, by giving a monopoly of the har bor to private persons, with authority to erect toll gates at Us entrance at which all vessels must pay before entering the city of Mr. Fuller. 'I bo Danish Government for many- years charged fees upon all vessels passing the straits of Elsinore, and the commercial world rose in arms against the outrage. So the Moors of Tariffs (from which we de rive the word tariff), levied tolls upon all vessels and cargoes passing to or from the Mediterranean Sea, until civilized nations bioke up the piratical nest. In this case, the State of Illinois Is asked to give Mr. Fuller, not only the land under Lake Michigan, hut the authority lo build a thy between Chicago and the 1-ke; to close the present harbor, to levy a tariff and-compel vessels to land and receive their freights in the new city, and that for the privilege of entering the city of Feller they shall pay tribute. This bill has been long maturing. It Is one which ccn afford to pay a lobby. Tea thousand doilais a vote would be dirt cheap for such a MU. It is thlswhich gives It Its onlyslrcngth. The Intended fraud is so transparent, the jxrriidy of such an act so evident, the robbery of the public ?© notorious, that no mdu can vote lor Hand attempt lo tell his coostltu "c-.ts that he • has not been paid for Lis vote. It will not dp_ for. a Representa tive from Chicago to come home'here and attempt to explain a vote for thchlU, except on the ground of being a partner of the projectors. man In any way aiding or abetting that act, whether in public or private life, can hope to retain the respect rr confidence of the people of Chicago, or to bo remembered by them except as au ac complice in a gigantic Irked. We shall point out the legerdemain la the last section of the bill In another article. It Is to he observed that this hill coven the r ime ground as the Skating Park Bill. If the knaves could not catch - the Michigan avenue basin in onenet, they were ready to lake It in another. OSIMBUS. Onr readers are probably more or less familiar with the system of omnibus legisla tion; hut few arc aware of tbo enormous abases, perpetrated under it in this State It is a yehiclc for which no one is responsi ble, and whose open door Invites wholesale swindling and robbery. In the last hours of the session an Immense number of bills arc taken up and only their titles arc read by the Clerk. Of their contents the majority of members knowabsolatcljßOlhlng. ThebNls go read by their titles are pat Into a pact ngc, and this package Is the omnibus. The whole package is then passed by a single rote- Of course no member recollects a' tenth part of tbo titles of the bills fur which he has voted, and If the Clerk or any other person having access to the omnibus wants to crowd in a few extra passengers—a Tew bills whose titles were never read at all— there is nothing to prevent it. it is a royal road to swindling, saving all the trouble and expense of a lobby. It clothes any irresponsible boy or man who can pel &cc?m to the package, with the fall powers of. Uie Legislature. And it -always happens that' when an -omnlbai Is unloaded and Its- passengers- subjected to 'fcrnUnyTlke member* areas tonUhed to find that they have voted for such abominations,as well as at the great number of strangers they never saw or beard of before- A most con venient vehicle Is the omnibus for slipping in any small swindle like "the'Skating Park Bill or the Dock* BUI, or for patting through any scheme pf .stealing that its authors dare not have read and scrutinized. -• ■ This Is a great' and disgraceful,evil. It makeatren honest members of the LcgU iatnre appear to - -sanction, and ..sustain abominations': - which: -they . . abhor. It converts the ‘whole legislative body; Into n ’gang of unwilling, thieves. No honest than has~a rlcht to bccotnc a party to such a'wholcsalc svatem of. fraud.-; A mem ber of the Legislature has no more right to vote lor a measure, of wblch known nothing, or, ftt least; which some responsible or truthful party docs' not vouch for. than lift* has to go .into the street of a dark night and fire his revolver right and left; without look lug to sec if anyone is Id the way. He might TW ao * mlscbtef, - 'oy'*itr-^jnlght. com-, mlt half a - dozen murders. .The m.sn who votes ' for an omnibus may •notbclp steal much, but bc fls likelyrtobe come a party to. petit larceny at least, and .there arcninety-ninc chances out of a hundred that he will become particepa<ri'>iUnis m iD the most audacious and gigantic Trands. ' This style oficglslatloniisot only opposed to every principle of morality and public policy, but it is a clear violation of the Con stitution of the State. ;It is true that after the adjournment tbe Clcik makes up his journal in such a manner that It appears from the record that the yeas.and nays*were called on each. particular bilL But-thU Is only adding one fraud to another. It Is the solemn legislative promulgation of a lie, known by every mcmbcr.to be such. It is thought by this device to avoid that danse ot the'Constitution whichdeclares that “ on the final passage' of all bills the vote shall '* be by syes and noss, and shall be entered “on the journal," an d..no bill shall become a •* law without the concurrence of all the members elect in each bouse.” Now it Is perfectly - clear that ovegr om nibus package is a direct and total violation .of this - provision, which was Inserted for the very purpose of preventing just such abuses. And we have * o doubt If any or all the measures adopted :u this way were to be contested on tbe sronnd. of their unconstitutionality, tbe Courts would be compelled to set them aside. The Journals of the Houses arc only ;>rinia/acic evidence of the passage of bills. They may throw light on dubious questions f Interpretation, and are frequently resort ed to by the Judges for that purpose; but as evidence of a fact they are only prlm-x /tide and may be controverted ; and as evi ocnce they would bear the brand of false hood, for a glance would show that so many ••ills could not be considered and passed sep arately within the time to which they were assigned. Proof that they were passed tn ibis manner, which it would not be .difficult :o obtain, would undoubtedly vitiate and in validate the omnibus And all Us passengers, udividualiy and collectively, and we hope, jf the present Legislature shall pass a single questionable bill In this man itr, the matter will he tested In . the Courts. Me hope, however, there are a sufficient number of public-spirited men in >ur Legislature to set their faces firmly against this abuse. Two or three deter mined men In each branch can break it up. The Governor ought' not to sigh any bills passed in this way. At least he should give them a careful reading from beginning to ond. Me understand that it Is the purpose of the knaves who have the Chicago Dock BUI in their charge to pass it in an' omnibus iperhaps with a new title), If tbey cannot bribe it through In open session. THE PAPEU MONOPOLY, Publishers of newspapers will not fail to note that while the duty on bleaching pow ders has been entirely removed in the Tariff Bill, Senator Grimes’ motion to reduce the duty on printing paper from twenty to fif icen percent, was voted down by a large majority. The duty on bleaching powders heretofore has been thirty per cent. This thirty per cent gold duty Is equal to Uco cents . per pound in the cost of making paper. The removal of the duty pots two cents-per wound into the pockets of the paner manu facturers. We do not object to this. On the contrary we have often urged the-re moval of this duty us one of the .taxes on knowledge. We have insisted, how ever, that the duty on paper should also be removed, so that publishers might share with manufoclnrera the benefit of the reduction of the tax. It appears; that this lias been denied to ns on the pretext of •* protecting American industry.” We had always supposed that the Industry of pub lishers was American industry.. If it bo not American industry, what [.kind is it ? Not only so, bnt publishers of newspapers are manufacturers. They have been decided to i>e such by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, and they are such in fict. Now, if there is such a virtue in being a manufac turer why should manlactorers of newspa* pers Ik* put upon any worse footing than manufacturers of white paper ? Is the one calling less honorable than the other. It seem to be so, In the estimation of the United States Senate. All of those mighty gentlemen (except Mr. Sprague) got into their places by the help of newspapers, and none of them by the help of paper manufac turers. Yet they coolly turn around and trample on the publishers of those papers. Wc wish to remind Senator Sherman that 'Jeadiiug peneders are a source of revenue to the Government. They are imported very largely. They are not produced In this country. - If some jackass had been making them at a cost ol a dollar a pound probably the duty would have been advanced two or three hundred per cent to meet his wishes, and the paper manufacturers, publishers and readers would have been compelled to groan under the burden. Bnt os the duty on teaching powders was strictly a revenue measure—all the tax finding its way Into the public treasury—lt was stricken of!. We think U was right to strike it off, but we wish to remind Senator Sherman, who votes Tor the tariff bill as a reroute wetwure, that he made no objection to knocking a hole in ihe revenue when bleaching powders a ere put upon the free list. It app cars that Senator Sherman dodged the vote on Senator Jrlmcs 1 motion lo make the moderate reduc tion office per cent in the paper duty. The vote was as follows: Is tux Sesxte or rut Uxrrrn States, I „ „ , ‘ JsoaoiySl. ISC7.- j Mr. GRIMES-moved to redact the duly on pnr.nrp paper from twenty to fifteen per cent, ftejrctcu—yeas, 11; nsvs, SS. iiavle, Henderson, Patterson, ftooliitle, Hendricks, Trumbull, Fogg, Lane, Yates, unues, licDongal), , _ wars. Backalcw, Fowler, Spraene. Cabell. Frellnghnyscn, Siewart, Chandler, Howard, Von Winkle. Cos&ese. Howe, Wade. Ciagln, Johnson, Willey. Edmunds, Morgan, Williams, Fessenden, Poland, Wilson. Foster, We have headed this article “ The Paper Monopoly.” Publishers will generally agree that the title is a proper one, but there may be some persons who will Inquire how they can be a monopoly when there arc so many j-aper mills. Docs not home competition bring down the price? Not a bit. But for eign competition docs. The New York Tri V«ne, that great organ of “American Indus iry,” which ignores the industry of thirty millions of consumers, recently knocked the paper market down two cents per pound, along the whole Atlantic seaboard, by Im porting one cargo of paper from Belgium. In the , debates of the First Congress, held in 1759-00, wo read the Im portant statement that there were then •!fly-seven paper mills in Pennsylvania alone. These paper mills, or the larger number of hem, had sprung up prior to the Revolu- tion, not only without protection, but In -pile of the penal legislation of Great Brit ain. This branch of industry having becu >tartcd wltbout the aid of a tariff, aud hav ing existed a hundred years, we beg leave o Inquire about what time the public will begin to get paper for what it is worth. Bear in mind that the internal taxes ou pa per were repealed last year. :nE 271 Reports come to us from Springfield that tlie bill for improving the Illinois River and deepening the Canal la in danger of defeat because Jovcrloadcd with other projected Im provements. “We hope those reports will prove groundless. Tbc friends Of tho canal from the ll* Knots to tbc Mississippi rivers, the friends of the Improvement of Rock River, the Kankakee and other rivers, stand in their own light by demanding that no Im* provement bo made in the Illinois River until their particolar work is also provided for. Tho improvement of Rock River and the Kankakee arc works highly advantageous and neces sary, but practically valueless, unless the Illinois River Itself be made navigable When the Illinois River is made navigable then the Kankakee, and all lesser streams susceptibleofimprovement, and in any way capable of being made auxiliary to the great highway, will become of necessity works of public Interest. Wherever a canal shall t>c essential to connect any portion of the State. with the navigable river, . that canal .will be constructed. Bnt to arrest the improvement of the river until all Its possible arms and tributaries arc also Im proved, is an utter folly. Let the work on the Illinois River be commenced let it be pushed to completion; let steam boats be brought to the month of the Kan kakee. Docs any man suppose that It will then be in the power of faction to defeat the improvement of the Kankakee, or the con duction of a canal to Rock Island and to dock River? By the inevitable laws of gravity, the moment a trunk highway Is constructed, the lateral connections will fol low as rapidly as the occasion may demand. Fox River, and the Kankakee, and Rock River, as essential and natural means of connecting those parts of the State through which they How with the Illinois lUvcr, will demand inratelibl/rtbat they be iujptovcd; but until the Illinois River Itself Is made navigable the claim,-Is premature.- To expend money .upon those ;worka ..with: out making the Illinois River available for navigation would net be wise, nor would it be of any benefit. To hold the knife to the throat of the Illinois River Improvement Bill, nod demand that unless each of these other - rivers ■ _be_..improved...ftt tbo same Uine, the bill shall not pass, h, to aay 'the least, suicidal, and de feats all- If the people of the Rock River -country refuse to vote to-make the Illinois' River navigable unless Bock River Is made so at the same-time, then the people of that country take the very stop to prevent any appropriation ever being znado for cither work. The people of the other]* sections of tbe State arc asking for appropriations ft»r the Kaskaskla, and other local streams. We are In.favor of such improvements. We are in favor of making the Has kaskia River navigable for steam boats to the highest possible - point, and at the proper time Chicago will rote’ tor that improvement -as readily as for any other. Bat to make the improvement of the Illinois River dependent upon the im provement of the Fox, the Kankakee, Rock” Rivcr.orthe Kaskaskla, Is neither just nor honorable. If we cannot havo all. let us have one thing at a time. If the Legislature will not undertake to Improve all the rivers of the State at one time, besides building several canals, let ns have the- main work upon the propriety and necessity for which there is and can bo no question. Let ns have the steamboat canal secured. With that grand highway made available, then Chicago will vote to make the Kaskaskla navigable, so that the people dwelling on that stream can find uninterrupted water commu&lcaUon.wUb Chicago and the Lakes. Then the Improvement of the Kankakee and Rock rivers will become Indispensable, and tbe canal to the Mississippi will of necessity bare to be constructed. Not one of these works will be delayed a day after tbs com pletion of the Illinois River work. Instead of either of these works being defeated or post poned ultimately by permitting the lUln)is River to be first improved, the improvement of that river will be the moat certain means of securing them. If tbe Legislature will pass a bill provid ing lor no, other improvement at this time .-arc that of the Illinois River, we hope that no friend of cither ol these other contemplat ed works, will vote against it. There ha* to he a commencement somewhere, aud if only one bill can be provided lor at this time. It is best, certainly, that that one should be the Improvement ofthc Illinois River. That bill is essential to all the others, and we hope that in case the general bill falls, the Legislature will provide for that. blaine’s a.hea’Dilien r. One-half of the Republicans of the House of Representatives, aided by all the Copper heads, voted down Mr. BUne’s amendment to Mr. Stevens' Military Government Bill on Wedicsday. In examining the yeas and na} - s we Hud the names of some of the most Radical members In both lists, and in order to acciaint-W the very equal division of the paity on the question, wo arc driven to an examination of the bill and amendment themselves. On prima facie evidence the minority, (those who voted for Blaine's amendment,) were right. Andrew Johnson being the constitutional head of the land and naval forces of the United States, mili tary government and martial law mean simply Andrew Johnson. By taking up Mr. Stevens’ bill and substituting Andrew John son wherever these words occur, It reads as follows: “J2e tf enacted. By the Senate and House of R<*> resen»»«TM, Ac., 'that the so called States shall pc civJdefl into military districts, and made sub ject to ANDHKW JOHNSON, and for that nnr pore Virginia shall constitute the First District. North Carolina and South Carolina ihe Second District, Georgia. Alabama and FJondn the Third District, Mississippi and Arkansas the Fourth District, and Louisiana and Texas the Fifth Dis trict. “fi.Ecn°x2. That It shall be the dnty of AN DREW JOHNSON to assign to Ihe command of each of said Districts an officer ol the regular ar my not below the rank of Brigadier General, to detail sufficient militarv force to enable such officer to perform bis dalles and enforce his antbonty in the district to wnlch he la assigned,” Mr. Blaine's amendment was as follows “Szctiok — . And be it further enae'ed. That when the Constitutional Amendment propose*! as Article XIV., bribe Tmrty-Dinth Congress, shall have become part of the Constitution of the United States, and when any of the lata so-called Confederate Stales shall nave ratified the saint aid conformed ite Oocsdtntlon and laws tbercio In all respects, and when It shall bareprovided by M Constitution that the elective iraachise shall be enjoyed eqnatly and Impartially by all male citizens of the United Stales twenty-one years old and npwatds. witQoit regard to race, coloror previous condition of servitude-, except each as may be disfranchised for participating in the late rebellion : and when the said Consittn tiun snail have been submitted to (he said voters tuna defined for ratification or rejection, and when the Constitution, If ratified by tile popular vote, shall have be<nsnbattled to Congress for cxaral carton and approval, said State shall. If Its Con sunnion be approved hy Congress, be declared entitled to representation in Congress, a*id Sena tors and Representatives shat! be admitted there from on lairing the oath prescribed by law. and then and iheroaf-er the preceding sections of this bill shall be inoperative m arid States." i The two central and leading Ideas of Mr. Blalqc's amendment were: Ist, impartial suffrage; 2d, reconstruction when impartial suffrage shall have been obtained. Now It is impossible to believe that Mr. Cook, of Illinois, and Mr. Julian, of Indiana, would vote against a proposition right in Itself; and far In advance of anything yet proposed in Congress, unless they had good ground for believing that something still better wa* in reserve in the arcana of the Reconstruction Committee. On the other hand, it is difficult to believe that the lowa delegation, which is perhaps as radical and ftr-sccing os any in the House, or even Mr, Blaine himself, would vote for a proposition which might perhaps foreclose and conclude the action of Con cress on the subject, if there were a fair prospect of obtaining something better. Before the vote was taken Mr. Stevens an nounced that the Reconstruction Committee vere prepared to propose farther action with in a reasonable time. The public will await with anxiety the un folding of this plan, and the event will show which half of the ‘Republicans in Congress were right, and which wrong, in the vole upon Mr. Blaine’s amendment. A military government for the South, with Andrew Johnson to control and direct that govern ment, and nothing in the future, Is the most undesirable state of things that can be con ceived. The suspicion is very general that the Reconstruction Committee did not !n> tend to do anything until startled from their lethargy by Andrew Johnson’s flank move ment. If this be true, the thanks of loyal men arc due to A. J. for putting his spur In when he did. THE ILLINOIS LENttrAL LANDS. The speculators who are contriving to got possession ofthe unsold lands of the Illinois Central Railroad under the pretext of taxing them In violation of an express provision of the company’s charter, allege as a reason for so taxing them, that purchasers of these lands pay in installments, (which Is generally tine,) and that when the lime comes for the last payment they &l! to make it, for the purpose of keeping the title in the corpora tion, and thereby escaping the payment of taxes. Bnt this Is not true. In the first place,.lf It were true, it wonld become a question between the State and the occu pants of the lands, and not at all a question between the State and the Railroad Com pany, unless, Indeed, It could be shown that the Railroad Company was a party to a fraudulent contract, of which there is no •probability whatever, as we shall show. But the truth is, there is now a law on the Statute Books of Illinois, In actual force and operation, which fully covers the ease, and makes most ample provision for the protec tion ofthe State, jhe act lo which we re fer has been In force since February 10,15U3, and Is found on page eighty of the Public Laws of that year. It provides that lands sold by the railroad shall be assessed and laxed/rom the date, on tcAieA the la*t payment fell* due, precisely as other private lands. It provides, farther, that the land may be sold for taxes In arrears, pro vided other property belonging to the pur chaser cannot be found sufficient to cancel the claim, these sales lo be made subject to the rights of the railroad, but a purchaser on tax-title to have the privilege of paying the Railroad Company the amount due it, snd thereupon to receive a complete title. The Assessor in each county Is to ascertain what lands have been sold by the road with in his district; aud, as a further security, the President of the railroad la required to rtakc an annual report, on or before the first day of June, and to file the same In the office of the State Auditor-said report to contain a fall statement ot all sales made during the year, Ihcirjoca tion, the price, the -terms oi payment," and the names of the purchasers ; aud the Audi tor is required to see that this law Is prop erly and strictly enforced. It-would he difficult to frame a law more ample in its provisions. It fully secures the rights of the State. And. thus the as-ertion that the State cannot collect taxes on land not fully paid for, vanishes Into thin air. It is simply absurd to say that the railroad company does not desire that purchasers should promptly meet tboir payments. What Interest could it possibly have In de lay? Konc. On the contrary, it is in need of the money, and its clear Interest is to have it paid • the mo ment It Is dne. The Idea of conni vance on the part of the railroad, therefore, U preposterous, in the nature of things. Neither men nor corporations are la the bah t of conspiring to injure their own Inter ests for the purpose of depriving a State of is lawful revenue. But there Is still another point in the case. The payments duo the railroad arc collected from purchasers on commission by an authorized agent, who gets a per ccnlagc on the amount of his collec tions, as his remuneration .for bis services, lie is an outside party, not eonoect6d.*wHh the company, otherwise than ns explained'. If he collects nothing, he gets nothing. If A bo collects, largo sums, he gets-bln cominis “slbns accordingly.*To suppose that this col lector wonld conspire to make his collections' .smell, Is to suppose that'he wonld conspire to diminish his own revenue.. Thereasons alleged for the passage of-the •proposed hill/arc, therefore, no reasons at all. They arc mere assumptions, unsup ported by truth or common sense. This whole movement Is hostile to the interests of tbe people of Illinois. The railroad lo Question La* -paid- nearly three million dol lars into the treasury of the State, under the provisions of its contract. To tamper with this contract Is to. endanger, the contract Itself, and probably" to' render the'State poweiless to enforce the condition under which it derives this princely revenue, and to Impose new burdens of taxation to that extent on the people... A QDSCR UUUtSDY. A prohibition paper says *• that Congress should Increase the tariff in order to prevent the present enormous flow of preelons met als and Federal bonds out of the country, with which to pay the balance of trade against us. An Increase of the tariff will hare jnst . thc contrary effect. When the tariff was only fifteen per cent it wss not ne cessary to send abroad for sale, one to two hundred millions of our bonds, , and sixty millions«>f gold per auanm, as Is n*wtbc case under a ft/ty-fitc per cent tariff. The, higher ti e teriff, the more gold and bonds muttbceiported.Thereasonisobviotis. Oar enormous tariff has rendered American commodities so dear, that we can sell scarcely anything abroad except cotton and petroleum. The higher the tariff the less of our products we are able to dispose of to other countries, and tbe more of onrgoid must be exported. When the tariff was but fifteen per cent, os in ISOO, wo coold export our mechanical as well as agri cultural products, to pay for our imported goods. A duty on Imports, in practical ef fect U a tax on exports, to the extent of the duty. The country can stand a moderate tariff without serious Injury to its industry, for thr sake ot the revenue It produces, but when it comes to levying , sixty or seventy per cent, the gold and bonds must be ex- 4 ported by the ton and cord. . There are two ways to prevent the expor tation of oar precious metals : first, by pro hibiting the importation of foreign commod ities, making it a penitentiary offence,to bring any property -of-.lbrelgn production into the United States. By this means we should not owe for any article of foreign product, and consequently -would not have to pay for ll with gold or anything else. Secondly, to reduce the tariff to that point where the products of our mechanics can be exchanged in the markets of the world for the products of other nations. The bill before Congress making the pres ent enormous tariff still higher, can have no other possible effect than to cause a still greater loss of cold and a still fnrtbordecrcase of mechanical "and agricul tural exports. The cost of goods will he made so dear as to discourage agriculture, including the production of cotton, and the price of onr manufactures will become so high as to utterly obliterate the exportation ol any mechanical product of this country. Meanwhile the Government wants to raise $140,000,000 of gold revenue from Imports. Will some advocate of the villainous tariff bill before Congress explain how the imported goods on which this amount of revenue shall be collected, are to be paid for, if not with gold ? £5T“Tbe Common Connell of Chicago should hold a special meeting immediately lo protest against the passage of the swindllngDcck BUI and the swindling Skat ing BUI, and to take measures to defeat them. The scoundrels who proposed them, and who arc lobbying for them at Spring field, are not at all dUoffnccrted at the dis covory of their game. They have been at work more than a year getting up thcfr Dock Bill and “setting the pins” to secure Its passage. .They are not to he scared with chaff. Melville Wabash Fuller is the lead ing spirit In the enterprise. Its character may be inferred. The city of Chicago can better afford to appropriate a million dollars of seven per cent bonds to fight the bUI with, than allow it to pass. ST* Some of the farmers out on Rock River seem to have an idea that the infliction of an additional tax on the industry of the country, and particularly on their Industry, will enable them to start woollen mills and cotton mills on that beautiful stream. Bless their hearts, if the fanners of Illinois had all the money that has been extorted from them by an unjust tariff during’tbc past six years they could line Rock River with milts and factories from Us mouth to Us source, and have enough left to send their sons to the Paris Exhibition along with the Eastern manufacturers and speculators who arc flocking thither with the earnings ol these very formers in their pockets. Trade and Commerce versus D« G, To tbc Editor of tbc Chicago Tribune: In your review of the absurd position of that modern quack, H. G., of the Kew York Tribune, you hardly do juttico to the side you advocate. It may be true that there was an apparent balance In 1800 against the trade oi the country of twenty millions, but this was by no means real. It only repre sented the actual cost of the exports here at home, and of the imports when purchased abroad. The profits of the carrying and of t he traffic, then almost altogether in the bands of Americans, were enormous, and could only be estimated at a large per ccotago on the hundreds of millions of dollars employed, as they were not positively known. Then American vessels whitened every sea with their sails. Kow Mr. Commissioner Wells informs us tint shipmasters assure him “that it is Impossible to plan a voyage to any part of the globe in an American ship with any hope of profit.” Then Americans controlled the importing and exporting trade of the country; now it is altogether in the bands of Hebrews and foreign agents of foreign manufactorcrs. Of the numerous monthly, semi-monthly and weekly lines of steamers crossing the Atlantic to and from American sea ports are all foreign, English, German and French. But one poor, lltto American line plies to Havre, and it is more dead than alive. This is the legitimate result of carry ing out the policy of snch politicians as H. G. Men and brethren bow long shall this continue ? Senator Henderson, of Missouri, very prop*, crly protested against the gross injustice which allowed a drawback of all the loreigs taxes entering Into the construction of a fifty lon sloop plj log between two rebel vilages and refused the remission of the same taxes incurred in building a steamer of thousands oftonsonthe Mississippi. This injustice is ■ gross, it is true, but the discrimination is impotent- The deadly virus enters Into every pore, as well as every vein and artery of the body politic, and to correct it all taxes must be taken off, from the hat of the mechanic to the peps In his boo U—the liquor he drinks and the bread he and his family cals. Kow his taxes are doubled aud qulutreplcd, and the result Is before the country, in the ills of which H. G. 'com plains. Dr. Saugrado, in Gil Bias, who persisted in treating his patients with bleeding and warm water, and who stoutly maintained the more they died the more they didn’t get enough of it, was a mere circumstance to H. G. and those of his school. Or. S. only murdered the Individual patients who came to him. 11. G. persists In trying to murder the trade and finances of a nation of thirty millions of people. Having destroyed the goose that laid It, he U busy tryingto smash the golden egg. H. G. will not probably lire long enough to learn the simple truth that It is only by severely letting the trade and commerce of the couutry alone that it can over thrive and prosper. He has alvays been in deep trouble because American gold was an article of ex port. It went abroad because it paid to go and the country gained by the traific. or it would not bo maintained. Would it not be ridiculous for Congress to attempt to control the finances and private purse offevery In dividual man in the country on the pica that he was incompetent to take care ofnis own* Tel it is not less absurd to attempt to con trol the trade of all collectively, and ten at tempts of the kind ought to satisfy ns of tni* fact, without resorting to the eleventh which would surely be an equally mortifying The reply of the French tradesmen to the despot, Louis the Grand, when he conde sccndingly asked them what he could do for them, was a nohle one, and has become his toric. It was nothing more nor less than Lm**es nous faire” —Let ns alone. They asked for no special privilege: they onlr prayed to be let alone. This r**ply can be commended to those men who are now lob bying Congress to increase the burdens of their fellow-men. They may lire to regret that they did not do likewise. Axri-pßonißrnox. American in silver, gold, and nickel, arc now being preptred by chief Coiner SMowoen. at the Deited States Mint, for exhibition at the grand dbolav in p*H* Th* coins be fobbed In the style of the coiner a flotation in the wqria excels ns In the preparation of coins and medals, and taiseon tribniion i‘ canceled to be among the leading fca vfr?sV? al special department of tan fine arts TMlcdtiphta Amtmsn. The exact convene of this Is true. If United States coins are scat to the Paris Ex position for comparison with European coins the former will suffer woftilly. They will come In contrast with English, French. Ital itn, Swiss, Belgian, even German and Scan dinavian coins as much superior to ours, in design and execution, as ours are superior to the Chinese. The same holds true with re gard to medals, excepting a renr fbw issued when Mr. Wright was Mint Engraver. The late medalic Issues of the Hint arc no credit to the institution,'and are surpassed by a score ot private engravers. THE PACIFIC COAST. Onr San Francisco Correspond- ence. Winter in the 1 Mountains and Val- leys of, California, The RailrbaU Cfter the Sierra Nevadas. Eesuroplionof Operations on the : Southern Pacific Railroad. An Episode of Chivalry in ;the , Mexican Struggle. A CholeraSoare—The Japanese—Cali fornia’s Contribution to the Paris Exhibition. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] Sax Fbascxbco, Cat, January SO, 1867. . Sitting hero in San Francisco, by an open window, with green hills all around the horizon, and in sight of gardens in which roeea and miles arc In bloom, the thermome ter standing ateixty-slx degrees, it It hard for one to believe that winter, in more than New England rigor, la to be encountered In little more than a single day’s travel East wards; yet such is the fact. While every ranchman, having hillside land, is plowing and sowing his crop, and thfranchmao In the valleys is patiently waiting for the waters to subside, so that he may finish his prepara tions for the coming crops, the dwellers on the heights of the Sierra Nevada look down on this semi-summer scene, from homes hur ried In snow, which will not melt away and entirely disappear until the apple, peach,, apricot and other fruits have ripened In the valleys. And, speaking of this re minds me of a fact which I dislike to mention, but which is neverthe less a fact. In connection with the CENTRAL PACIFIC RAILROAD, . Lieutenant-Governor Bros® will remember the prophecies freely made while he was In California, that the road over the Sierra Ne vada would proven failure so far as winter travel Is concerned, and I regret to say that the prophecy has been already practically fulfilled. This winter has demonstrated the fact that the line of the Central Railroad above Alta is so far encumbered for many months with snow as to be practically Im passible. No train has reached Cisco—the next station beyond Alta, from which It Is only twelve miles distant—for a month past, and-it Is not likely that any will reach there for months to come. It is lorthcr rumored that the road has been badly damaged by avalanches abovo Alta, but how much truth there may be in the assertion can only be ascertained when the snow melts away next summer. I do not believe that trains can ever run over .the summit of the Sierra, or up even to the point where the proposed tunnel is to commence, daring the winter months. This is bad, but It might be worse. The transit over the mountains can he made very comfortably in sleighs, in a single day, and when the remainder of the road is fin ished, the change from one mode of convey ance to the other, after the long ride across the Continent in cars, may not-prove unwel come. Bat after all, the winter travel will eventually go by theSoutheriTroate through New Mexico and Arizona; that line also must be built within the next ten or a dozen years almost. The old Southern Pacific Railroad Com pany has again been revived, and a Board of Directors and Executive officers were elected a few days since at San Jose.' Having passed over every rod of the route ol this toad, I have not a doubt of Us "entire feasi bility, and its great advantages daring the w inter months over any other. Passing south eastwardly Ihronrb to San Gorgonlo Pass, beyond San Barnardino, it will meet with no obstacles worthy of notice until the Colora do River Is reached, and the road enters Ari zona. This pass Is admirably calculated for a railroad route, no grading worthy tho name being required,and the transit through the mountains, which farther north present an almost Insurmountable barrier, is made with the greatest ease far below the snow line. This road will pass through a country rich beyond all calculation in gold, silver and copper, and a fair proportion of the country through which It will run Is fit for human habitation, while a portion of it is as highly desirable' for residence os any on the Continent. Mind, I don’t say that all the land on the route will raise corn like the prairies of Illinois; the Colorado Desert and some of the deserts of Arizona are not llkclv to be thickly populated, during the present century, at least. The country must hare more than one line from the Valley of the Mississippi to thc Pacific, and under any cir cumstances, both the Central and the South ern lines will be imperatively demanded. TIIE-COPPER INTEREST. The continued depression in the copper market Is producing a disastrous effect on that ore becoming a great interest on the Pacific coast. You have been familiar with the facta ot the working of the immense mines of yellow sulphured in Calaveras County, California, and the vast shipments of the ores from this port to Europe and New York. Other localities in the State have set up claims to equal richness with Calaveras County, and large outlays bad been made In opening mines and preparing for shipments on an extensive scale all over the State. The fall in copper has stopped most of this work, and the moat productive mine in America, the “Union” atCoppcropolls, has entirely ceased shipping at present. The coppermlncs of Arizona, especially those at Williams* Fork which contain very rich black oxides and carbonates only, instead of sulphates, arc, however, being developed rapidly. The ores from that locality run from twenty to sixty per cent, the average being at least thirty, and they can, therefore, be shipped or worked on the ground to advantage, even at the present rates. The developments in some of theso mines are immense. The Great Central Mine now shows in the lower tunnel more than 5,000 tons of ore, sverag ing over twenty-flve per cent, and there ap pears to be no limit to the amount. Where ever the ledge is struck, It appears al most equally large and rich. The company has two furnaces now running, smelting out copper, using charcoal, and a power ful blast fbrnlrhed by steam power, and in forty days from this time will have another capable of turning out 6,000 to 10,000 pounds per day of bar copper, with ore enough in sight to run on for the next four years, if not another pound was to be found in the mine. The first shipment of smelted copper from Arizona from the Great Central mine and Smelting Works, sold here this week at fifteen cents (coin) per pound. As it runs 91 to 90 per cent fine, and contains some silver anda trifle of gold, that wonld seem to be a miserably small price, bat the company are satisfied, with the result and are pushing work as rap idly as possible. The Mineral Hill Company, whose mine Is located contiguous to the Great Central, have two furnaces of large ca pacity nearly ready for running, at the month of Williams’ Fork, o« the banks of the Colorado, and others will probably be. bnllt very soon. It now costs but S2O per lon to ship copper ore from the month of Will iams’ Fork to San Francisco at this time, and will probably cost less soon. It ought to be carried down the river for $5 per ton, and vessels now only charge $5 per ton for bring ing It from the month of the Colorado, at the bead of the Gnlf of California to this city. With these freights some mine owners prefer shippirg the crude ore to reducing it on the ground. . . POLITICS. There has been a merely local excitement recently over the contest for Senator from the State of Nevada, bat as the fight was not between parties, but individual}, the public did not rally over it to any great extent. On national politics, little comparatively Is said by onr people. The newspapers, of course, deal heavily In the article, ond every citizen has “ formed and expressed an opin ion,” on the reconstruction question, the ac tion of the President, and the impeachment movement; but 1 hear no more bitter and angry discussions in public places, and a stranger from the East would be" astonished at the apparent apathy of onr citizens on such momentons subjects. By-the-bye, Tom Fitch “ the eloquent ora tor of the West,” made a desperate effort to get into the ring in the Senatorial contest in Nevada, bat did not secure a single vote. Wonld not Fitch make a lovely Senator ? THE DATS OF CHIVALBT NOT PASSED. A gentleman who has been residing in Mexico for some years relates to me some circumstances illustrative of the character of the men engaged In the conflict between despotism and republicanism, which has been desolating that fair land for years—now • rapidly drawing to a close, thank God— which* ought to be preserved and handed down to posterity in tbo pages of hlstorv. Prominent among the Captains In the army of the famous Ramon Corona, ol Sinaloa, while he was besieging Mazatlan, was a cav alry officer named Miramontez. During a skirmish outside the city, one day, he horseback in fall range of the French guns, and exposed ton rattling musketry fire for a quarter of an hour, smoking a cigarette and critically examining the enemy’s works. •The object of thoreconnolsance being occom. ’pllsbed, the Republicans had orders to fcU ■ back, and then, when his companions had I Sot some distance to the rear, Miramontez iftedhlsbat In a half courteous, half con. Umptoua salute, and galloped off unharmed. Ilia rccklos contempt of d mger attracted the attention and admiration of Captain Dc La Taels, an officer In the French force, who, after jome effort to learn hia name, sent him by fine of truce a note as follows : Captain Mir moxtrz : You arc a brave fidlow and a gallant soldier! I should bo pleased to.drtnk a Dottle of wine with' you-T Will too meet me alonebelwoen the lutes ? (Signed,) . .»• DsLa Task* To this Invitation Mlramonte* responded : BlnorCaptaik Db La. Task : Yoar civile tv Is acknowledged and under other dream* stanceswohJdbeappreciated,.butl anwnot here to puzzle wine with the invaders of mr country ard the butchers of my brothers. When we meet on the-dwlUe’flfild we will exchange the only courtesies which'cau pass between you and me. (Signed.) Miramostr*. They met at the Presidio Mazallah, in the midst of the desperate fight which broke the power of the French In Sinaloa, and from which only a* /aw demoralized, whipped, cowed, and half dead wretches of th© whole French force, which bad matched ont so con fidently from Mazatlan, escaped, by superior epedd to the city to tcllihc talc of their com*' radea’ slaughter. Cdrona hod. surrounded the French, and both parties were engaged in a hand to hand confllft, one' fighting with the fury of despair, and without .hope -of mercy, and the other with the spirit of men burning to avenge the wrongs of ttyclr peo ple and make the most of an opportunity. such as they , bad long, sought for In vain. Miramontez—who is such a horseman as can only be found in Spanish*American countries— recognized Dc La Task, and drove Lis horse at fall speed through the French lines, slashing right and left at those in his path. Dc La Task fired at Lis antagonist, os be darted on him like a thunderbolt, but missed him, and In an instant more was ran through by the sword of the Intrepid and determined Mexican, unhorsed and trampled underfoot. Miramontcz supposing he had inflicted a

mortal wound, dropped on his horse’s nock, wheeled his horse and rode at a gallop back, escaping through the line without receiving a scratch, though his horse was wounded and bis clothing riddled with bullets from the enemy. The wound of Dc La Task proved, for a wonder, not mortal, and bo re covered. They next met at Palos Prietas. where the French met another disastrous defeat, but were saved from annihilation by the conduct of Dc La Task, whose per* socal courage, reorganized a portion of the force and enabled It to hold a par’, of the intrcccbmcnts until reinforcements cut their way up from the city and enabled them to retreat to the main fortifications, leaving their dead and wounded on the field. A portion of the relieving force was com* posed of the celebrated Chasseur* de Afrtque, mounted on splendid Arabian horses, brought with them from Algiers. These fell in with the Mexican cavalry, and were cut to pieces, hardly a man escaping to tell the talc. Mira* montez was, as usual, foremost in this charge on the Chasseurs, and fell la the moment of victory, ehoi though the hralu and dying in stantly. De La Task escaped for the mo ment, but, just as the French were hurrying on board their transports, in their hasty evacuation of the city of Mazatlan, Corona made a desperate attack on the entrench moots, In accordance with the determination previously announced, to fight the enemy to the lust moment he remained on Mexican soil, and a number of French were killed in endeavoring to repulse the attack. Among these was Captain Du La Task, who wasshot through the heart, and now sleeps his last sleep near the place where rests his heroic enemy. And It is to the companions in arms of the gallant Mtromontez, Ramon Corona, Rlva Palacis, Porflero Diaz, Escobedo, Garcia, and a host of others, who have sacrificed their all in this great straggle, that some of our statesmen (?) proffer assistance, to restore qnlet and order throughout their beloved land, on the condition that they submit .to its being dismembered, and the soil endeared to them and consecrated to freedom by the blood of thousands of their people, poured out In Us defence, pass under the dominion of the stranger I Had France or England, after Richmond fell, offered ns aid to com plete the work already so nearly finished, on condition of our ceding to them Virginia, Maryland, Tennessee and Kentucky, with the graves of halt a million of our loyal dead, think you wc would not have rejected the of fer with ecom and contempt ? And yet this Is what it Is proposed to offer In substance to Mexico. But the cause of Mexico is the cause of huraaq, freedom, and her protest against foreign despotism, Is the protest of the people against the assumption of tho “divine rights of Kings,” and in favor Of the rights of the masses; there Is no dis tinction of caste or color in Mexico to-day. Mexico will not die ! “ They sever fall who die In a great cause; ibe block may soak their gore; Ttelrhtada eij soddenlu ihe sun; their limbs Be strung to city gates and castle walls— But still ibclr spirit walks abroad.” A HAD SCARE. A greatly exaggerated account of the bursting out of the cholera among the pas. sengers from Satf Francisco detained on the Isthmus of Nicaragua, telegraphed across the Continent by Sam Clemmons, alias “Mark Twain,” fora sensation, created a decided cholera excitement among our people for a lew days. The America, with the passengers on beard, arrived on the 16th Instant, with nobody seriously 111, and the scare subsided as quickly as it arose. There Is some reason' to doubt whether the true Asiatic cholera was ever on board at all, and certain it is that it had disappeared before her arrival, If it had been there. Nev ertheless, the Quarantine Officer thought It hls duly to pla'.e tho steamship in quaran tine, and the passengers suffered a vexatious and unnecessary delay of some days before being allowed to land. The cholera never amounted to anjthlugin San Francisco any way, as the peculiar situation of tyre place, exposed to the sweeping ocean winds, and the wonderful equality of the temperature which continues throughout the year, are not at all calculated to foster this sort of thing. IDE JAPANESE. The largest of the troupes of Japanese acro bats and jugglers, which! have been playing in San Francisco to immense honscs for weeks, Is now bound hence for New York. They gathered a golden harvest here, and ex pect to carry wagon loads of greenbacks away from the Atlantic and Western cities, and they will do tt. Their feats of balancing and climbing arc terrible to look at, and are as circumstances here have shown—attended with not a little real danger. One of the company while climbing on a pole some thirty feet In height, which was supported solely by resting on tho upturned s oles of a man's feet, a few evenings since, fell to the stage and was taken up insensible and badly hurt. Had he been a Caucasian, he would not have Survived a day, but be is now around the streets again—though with a sup plcmcntary mouth cutlhrouch his lower lip. Tie performance was notlntcrmptcd by this accident more than ten minutes. CALirOBNIA WOOLLEN GOODS. Among the most interesting features of the American Department at the World’s Fair at Paris, will be the Californl a woollen goods manufactured at the Mission Dolores by the Mission Woollen Manufacturing Com pany, working mainly Chinese laborers. These- goods were exhibited to the public on Thursday last, and crowds went out to look at them. I have never seen the display approached in any degree, and that the company will win the great cold medal for their blankets, I do not doabt for a moment. The blankets are in almost endless variety, and every color and shade, from the purest white, rivalling the snow; through every hne and tint Imparted by tho wonderful analine, and the more ordinary wool colors, down to drab, grey, green, and black. There are heavy miners’ blankets, weighing nine to ten pounds per pair* grey, brown and green; Indian “4-poIoi” blankets of gandy hues to captivate the fancy of Lo and his wife; pare white family blankets, soft as down, very heavy, edged with rich colors, and bound with heavy silk, red white and blue, to delight the housewife, who knows the merits of the article over anything ar.d everything In the line produced’ elsewhere ; United Statea Army blankets, in! bine and grey—not the horrible “shoddy,” made np of old rags and glne, such as were ’ served ont to the soldiers from the Eastern' Slates during the war at cnoraoas prices, on wh>ch contractors got rich, and rolled in luxury, while the poor wretches in the field shivered and died by thousands, but thick, heavy serviceable blankets made for warmth and use. Among the most noticeable are two pairs of superb white family blankets i of the flnesttwool and softest texture and! finish, bound "with heavy silk, red, while and bine, and richly embroidered. One of these bears in the centre the Crown of France, with the Initials “ N. E.” (Napoleon and Eugenie) beneath, and the wreath of laurel and leaves very artistically executed by fair bands. The o;ber bears the Ameri can shield, surmounted by the eagle, with the olive branch and arrows in his talons, “ We wish for peace, but are ready for war beneath the wreath, and at either side, the banners on which victory has perched so often. Under all la the scroll and legend, “ZPluribut Chum.” The blankets exhibited are all of California wool and workmanship; are from five and one-halfto twelve pounds la weight,, and the prices range from $5.50 to BSO per pair, according to quality, weight and finish. The display of shawls is less extensive, but of great merit. The articles In this line are all heavy and of fine texture. They con s!st of a line of gentlemen’s shawls and ladles* heavy travelling shawls, of all colors, plsld and plain, and Intended for comfort and service rather than show. The cassimeros and beavers, all very smooth, even, and fine in texture, are worthy of especial attention. The colors imparted by anaifac—blue, light drab, purple, etc*, etc., are very brilliant, tad—what is to the purpose—permanent, a®d the quality of. the goods far superior to that of the lm* ported articles. Intended more for show than use. There Is a general lino of these goods for ladies* and gentlemen’s wear, anfiallthe varletlea are excelleat.-X There Is a fine a ; sortment of cloakings ; the fashionable heavy plush-llkc goods, of every tint, and the finest .quality .known to th6markct. Tlicllne>ofladles’ and child* ren’s dress goods is less extensive, bnt some oC;thc plaids ore beautiful,. and look as thonghthey might last for years under the .hardest'wear. \ . \ UTbc line of flannehf embraces every variety of really deflr&ble and serviceable goods in the market, and every color known In the trade. The assortment Is complctcj and will reflect credit on the establishment. - -There are also ajramber of .miscellaneous fabrics, not properly classable nndcr either of the above heads, all worthy of mention in detail, if I had the space at command. Call* ferula can defy : the world to compete with her for the palm of excellency io these fabrics. ‘ Altamonte. WASHINGTON. Society at tfie Capital. Eeoeptdonsof General Grant and the President. Rebels at the White House. Defiant Attitude of the Rebellion in the Sontb. Congress and the Reconstruction Question. [Special Coneepocder.ce of me Chicago Trlimce.) Washington. D. C., February 9. RECEPTIONS. General Grant and wife gave their last re ception of the season on Wednesday evening. It was, all things considered, the most nota ble social gathering of modem Washington. There could not have been less than two thousand persons present at one time or an other dating the evening, all of whom were at least supposed to be invited guests. It isn’t necessary to add that the great house was crowded to Its utmost. The jam was at times almost fearful, but I believe the dam age done was confined to tempers and toilettes. All that Washington has of wealth, style, fashion, honor, elegance and courtesy was there ; and the evening, de spite the pressure upon everybody, was most enjoyable. General Sheridan was the guest of the house, and stood at Mrs. Grant’s right most of the time, curiously observed by all, and evidently delighted with the welcome given by every band. I learn that Mrs. Grant may give a party towaid the close of the month to ghout two hundred select friends. REBELS AT THE WHITE HOUSE. The second Presidential levee took place on Thursday eyening. There was a great crowd, of course, and Inextricable confusion, as there always is at White House reception ß . No one ever goes there for pleasure, hut some from social duty end many from curi osity. On this occasion High Cockalorum Ficncli outdid himself la making a muddle, the arrangements being the vcy perfection of what they should not have been. If you want to know what rebels,and cx-rcbcls,and rebel sympathizers are In the city, look into the White House. That Is their grand ex change. They go there to meet oneanolhcr. jm«t as other folks go to Willard’s early In the evening. General Rousseau, considering how he recently “crooked the pregnant hinges of the knee ” to the semi-rebel Legis lature of his State for Senatorial votes, ought not to he squeamish; but he says the {White House is too much for him—“nothing but rebels and d d Copperheads about there,” he ex claims. Consequently war loyalists keep away as much as possible. Those who went to the reception were there from curiosity. The President’s wife appeared in public for the second time since she became mistress of the Executive mansion, being assisted by her daughter. Mrs. Johnson wore a black silk dress, black lace shawl and clunylace cap; Mrs. Patterson, a while alpaca and pcplnm, trimmed with maroon velvet, and had her hair dressed with curls and a single camella; Mrs. Stover, a lilac silk, white lace shawl, and had - her hair crimped; Miss Stover, a blue plaid silk, low in the neck and short In the sleeves. A. J. himself seemed In good spirits, and evidently had no fear of finding Ashley in the unending line that moved before him In cold contempt or ob sequious fawning. In a general way every reader of the news papers must know that there are many Southerners here this wider; but lam sore very few persons, imagine how vigorously they push themselves forward for social re cognition and position. Tho leaders, men who were rebels from first to last, men whom Andrew Johnson has not yet dared to par don, are faued wherever they can get admis sion. One expects to sec them at the White Hcuse, but not at the receptions of Speaker Colfax. Vet they go to tho latter place/ taking as best they can the coolness mani fested by the major part of the guests. At “the other end of the avenne” they ore more or less dictatorial and Independent; at this end they bow, and smile, and flatter, and use every energy to make themselves agreeable? Of course, old Washington welcomes them, coddles them, fetes them, bows down and worships them ; for the leaven of disloyalty Is not yet cast ont, and. Indeed, la getting to Itself new strength through the sunshine of the White House. ■ CONGRESS AND THE RECONSTRUCTION QUES- TION, In n former letter I alluded to tho opin ions held by Generals Thomas, Sheridan, Schofield, Sickles, Ord, Wood, Baird and otters, relative to the. Southern situation. Since then theso opinions have been made matters of public record, and they will short ly be laid before the country in fall. They were bronght out in an examination by one of the House Investigation committees, and were briefly stated by General Farnsworth and Mr. Pike, in the debate ol Thursday. The opinion of one is substantially the opin ion of each and all. That I did not over state it in my last letter let me show by quoting General Schofield. No one can call him a Radical, and yet Mr. Farnsworth sum marizes his testimony os follows: , “He says the courts in all the Southern states of which he has knowledge, grossly fall to do justice to- the freedraan. that is fall to punish while men for assaults ami outrages committed on the freedmen. He' says, also, that the courts not only fall to punish outrages and assaults bat they fall to administer Justice in matters of contract between freedmen and white men. If, for instance, a freedman is kicked off from a plantation and dabbed and brings salt be fore a magistrate for the wages due him, and tho white simply asserts that the freedman was Insolent, the court dismisses the case.” General Farnsworth, in the same debate, thus farther stated the nature ot this con current testimony: “ They all, with one accord, nnitc la tell ing ns that there is no protection for fanman Hie or property In the South. They even go further and say that unless the militarv U clothed with some additional authority there, the United Slates garrisons and troops will have to be withdrawn. Why ? Because if a man is brutally murdered, and the mili tary arrest the offender, he is taken .from their hands by writ of habeas corpus, issued bv me state coarts and at once discharged. Sir, this testimony settles the question—it is no longer a matter of donbt that the loyal men, the Union soldiers, and the freedmen. In these disorganized and disloyal States are not protected. They pre murdered with im punity : they are despoiled of their goods and their property rthey are banished, scat tered, driven from the country.” The day on which this evidence was pro duced was in some respects a notable'one. See how forcibly and eloquently the question of the hour was stated by Brandegce, of Connecticut; “ What protection Is there to-day to loyal* fy, black or white, from the Po;omac to the itlo Giande? What indemnity hare yon for the past ? What security ere* Tor the fu ture y What guarantee against a new rebel lion * A new rebellion I Why. Mr. Speaker, the old rebellion has not yet been. suppress ed ; It still lives ; It dominates In every one of these rccousliuctcd States ; It has made loyalty odious aud treason respectable by forcing traitors into the gubernatorial chairs' of ten of the eleven of these : revolted communities in ten ouf of eleven it has sent traitors who auda ciously demand seats upon the door ; it has clothed treason with the ermine on tbc hench of the ten revolted States; it has! filled their halls of local legislation ; it has armed treason with the sword of the law InJ ten of the States ;it holds to-day the pen'; of the press, that weapon mightier than ihei sword ; It desecrates the word of the Most ; High from all their pulpits; it hisses ont{ corses against the Union from the sibilant • tongues of Its women and the prattling lisp of its babes ; It proscribes and bants to their ’ deaths that noble army of martyrs, the; Union men of the South : and It scoots and - throws back in your teeth the mild and mer ciful terms of •' reconstruction offered in the Constitutional Amendments of last 1 session. It no longer creeps upon the ground os In the hundred days which followed Sher man’s marvellous march to the sea, or the ' awfnl thundering of Grant’s cannon in front • of Richmond; bat it stands erect, defiant, and audacious, demanding as a right to ac complish by legislation wbat it failed to achieve by ’the'sword; and, countenanced by a weak, if not a wicked. Executive, and sustained by its copper-supports at the Korth, It erects its brazen brow to the snn- . light and beats at the doors of the Capitol. Mr. Speaker, something moat be done. We mnst do it. The American people demand thatweahalldo something and do It quickly. Already fifteen hundred men have been massacred In cold blood—more than the en tire population of some of the towns In my district.- whose only crime has been loyalty to your flag. Something mnst be done, and we most do it. We most build a new civilization and a new government In the South. And as preliminary to that—l speak only for myself, but I say that while I ami ready to extend the olive branch of peace ‘ when it can be received in the spirit of peace, I now yote to unshealh the great sword of the Republic and place it in the j hands of the greatest Captain of the j that he <sav demand once more, in the name , orme God-of justice, the ‘unconditional snrrender of the rebellion.*” j ~ | Mr. Stereos.'put the esse with only less force than and declared that U had ‘‘become the duty of Congress to assort its high prerogatives and at once proceed to establish a republican government in these ten disorganized communities.” And} said he, in couclusloD, “ If we fail to do it and to' do it effectually, we should be responsible to . the civilized world for, I think, the grossest m gleet of duty that ever a great nation was guilty of to humanity.” j ■ 1 am persuaded that the country long ago concluded that ills the highest'andmost solemn duty .of .Congress “to establish a Republican .Government ’in these ten disor ganized communities”-rcvcn “to build a new civilization in'the South.” Audi am equally persuaded that this Congress will do nothing of the sort—rwlll not even begin tbc work by laying Its military hand upon ihetbroats of the rebel despotisms fattening' from the Potomac to the Bio Grande, and choking them ont of existence. ,We most wait for the hew Congress! The Reconstruction Committee's military bill was intended merely as a first step. It was apparent’that Congress had not yet reached the height of the great argument— was not yet prepared to begin at the bottom and build a new civilization on the basis of loyalty and manhood; -and the committee were fain, therefore, to content themselves with a measure of temporary protection—l shall not err much If I say n temporizing measure. But it would at least, they felt, bridge over the period that must elapse be fore the row, and let all good men hope the stronger, Congress can* act decisively and efficiently. Yet, notwithstanding the urgen cy of the situation, I again put on record the prediction that zothicgwil! be accomplished prior to the fourth of March. Israel. THE GREAT FLOOD. Immense Ihmia-e In Xcw England. Dams Swept Away, Bridges Carried Off; Hills and Tenements De stroyed. Several llnmlrfd Thousand Dollars Worth of Properly Destroyed. The Flood in tEfassacliiiaetlii. fFrom the Boston Advertiser, Feornary 1 *.l The tenants of the houses lathe lower part of Fajclte street, and In the streets and courts adjacent thereto, awoke vesterday morning to find the casement stories of their homes flooded to a depth varying from six inches to three feet. In many of the tene ments on Fayette street the cooking stoves were- completely-submerged, andall the fam ily stores not kept upon shelves were soaked and ruined. In the most depressed portions of this street the water rose so high as to i!*T tho planks from tbc sidewalks and float them over the track of the Worcester rail road, which Vvfis covercu t? fl considerable depth at this point. In the higher localities the water rose so high os to pr-elude the possibility of building flics in the lower sto iks of the house, and the condition of affairs in a hundred tenements was cheerless and comfortless. The families residing In this large district after saving what couldte secured from their kitchens and pantries, were obliged to retreat to the second stories of their dwellings and make themselves os comfortable as their lim ited resources would perm!*. Some of them ; were without food during tbc entire day. and tbc hardships of those fa reduced circum stances, aud having sickness in their families, were Indeed distressing. The water which invaded their premises was mingled with the fllth arising from the choked drains and pre sented a sickening and disgusting aspect. THE STORM IX ROXBCRT. The longcontinued thaw and the severe ram of Saturday night culminated in one of the most destructive freshets experienced in this city for years. On Sunday morning a wide-spread scene of watery desolation was visible. Stony Brook, whose contse from Nest Roxbury lies on the line of the Provi dence Railroad, and which for years has been considered an insignificant stream, showed again its old Incapacity, and was utterly unable to convey the torrents rush ing through its bed. Ic overflowed In every direction. The railroad acted as a conduit, aud under the bridge near “ Hog Bridge” the water on the track was over two feet deep, and rusbbd along as through a mill sluiceway. Below Heath street the water encroached in every direction upon factories, houses and shops. Across Now Heath street the current flowed so deep as to render the street impas sable. The late removal ot the old dam at Smith’s Pond gave free vent to the water, till it reached the vicinity of the rubber fac tory. where for their purposes a slight dam had for some time been erected, when the whole neighborhood was speedilv sub meigcd. In this vicinity the old natural outlet has been much circumscribed, and the van hod v of water songht in vain a suffleiout outlet. The rubber lactory was in Its lower stories flooded some two or three feet deep. A large quantity of materials, sulphur, mag nesia, dyes and machinery, was Injured or destroyed, ronglily estimated at thousands of dollars in value. The paper factory of J. R. Bigelow, on Simmons street, was also flooded, and their raw material and machinery were much dam aged. In this vicinity a large nuraber;of dwellings were two or three feet under wa ter; bants, outhouses, shanties, were over turned or set adrift in some instance?; inno cent pigs, who had loug defied a searching police, met a watery grave ; and the whole vicinity received a purifying which will ren der it better able to meet a pew visit from cholera. " rr Great damage was done to the foundry of Anthony Garrett,- ou Culvert street, water rising to the depth of three leet on his floors ruining bis moulding sand, and injuring oth er materials. Considerable destruction arose from the waters of Smelt Brook, which rises In est Roxbury, follows Shawraut av enuej and empties in Haggles street, near theTremont Improvement Company’s land. The outlet for the water was gieatlv insuffi cient, and the land of Messrs. W. AA. Ba con, oi Merritt and L.B. Comma, and the cellars and yards of dwellings on Rubrics street were badly overflowed. GulldVtan ocry, on Texas avenue, was nearly lilted from Its foundations, and was propped un to prevent its fall. ** * OTHER EFFECTS OF THE STORM. The heavy gale, which prevailed early ves terday mornirg. and with more or less vlo- during the day. was qalle-destruc live mils effects.. We learn of a few in stances of damage by this cause, bnt there are probably many. A wooden dwellin'” bouse which was In course of erection near raris street, East Boston, was blown down at about six o’clock, a. m. In Cambridge the long brick structure on Main street, need as a storehouse by Samuel P. Teele Howe & Co., was considersalv damaged by having the roof blown off, and the front and rear walls demolished. The roof was lifted from its foundation, and carried twenty feet, turning it completely over before Its landing. The building was a flue brick structure, and was erected a few years since by the owners, the Hovey helm. PceleA Co. lose bnt little although they win experience some Inconvenience. The whole damage Is estimated at SLSOO. A small building belonging to James Batman on Cambridge street, Cambridge, which had just been removed to Its present site, was lifted from Us foundation of blocks and cap sized, entailing a loss of between $203 and S3OO. Several fine trees on different streets were blown over and the limbs twisted off. Chimneys were scattered and the roofs of houses received some injuries. The New York express freight train, known as the “little owl train,” from that city over the ‘Worcester Railroad, was de lated about eight hours, yesterday, on ac count of an accident cansed by the action of the rein storm on the track, it seems ri 1 a P embankment ?botlt four m jjesthis side of T> orcester had Ven undermined by the water, but the top of the earth and the track, rciuutucu level and had been frozen. A passenger train had passed over the spot but a short time before the express freight, and, probaly on account of Us high rate of speed, crossed safely. The express freight train consisted ot six cars and a locomotive; the latter, with three cars, had passed the spot when the track pave way, the fourth car was thrown over on its side and the fifth off the track. ihp t tSVt- pr ii ? S t \* Th S, last w remained on w.f.V* c £ 411 Conductor Miner, who was in charge of the train, walked to Wor tmSwVW oblalned assistance at that place. The accident occurred a few minute* after oc ? a ‘ m *» an * 11 was not until after m * , tlmt the train was again In moving order. It arrived in this city at about ten minutes after five o'clock Sn thc conductor re the moat fortunate accl dent of which he had ever heard. TheTlootf in Bhode liltnd c“; urtlS'“ h a , k “ ltt loss of prop fo fi SJSWS MoTT^Ar a&^asas ft low*water mark Ae if rJT7 ~*P*5 m oertraie all day ponred from the CaFe^*?n??^ tba> w our city defied ’SSfd. s. 4 55 etMtnbiet, end several sailboat. and yairlf lh.t moored above TVeybosset fiddra! we?e,?l!?; away and daahed to plccea. The the harbor suffered luile Som^H"^ 111 done ito & few of the i®**? waa ' Waterman streets, near Ferry atr?/? 1 * and ' badly tom up, and curbstSiSvere dilillS l ■SSSffIffSS: atTarious “iSS. }^UiX‘° t «“> «««d and by by our ra P°rt<!ra Atthe O W^ndP^^ 0 T r SS!- a real daß.^ 4 SStos°|^;s»T.«? tho ca»ks were floating in £?rt*L loo « basin, and a toe wks ?° voaadcove that should gefasftj asmST«£ > if ee J? 1 n good many carborsofiS?. \l h * h V bor * A throughout “tTn up, and the machinery in the dye.house, damaged. The fire room was filledslr inches above the fire grates.’’The water stood be tween three and four feet deep throughout the works. The overflow commenced about two o'clock. Sunday morning, sod was at Its height between.five and six o'clock. Aolpe, laid at an expense of $15,000, to bring water from the “ Rising Sun,” was damaged to tho amount of $5,000. A bridge, 25 by 30 .feet, within the grounds, near the entrance.from Atwell's avenue, was entirely carried away, go large a portion- of the premises being un der'water yesterday, the proprietors were not able to make a-foll estimate of their loss, but It will not bo less than £20.000. .At OlnerTiUe about one-half of the bridge on Atlantic street fell. A raft of lumber and small buHdlngSTJarllally dammed up the tor rent, which the cast abutment* to be swept down and then thetxessle work giv ing way in the centre, the rest fell. It is only passable for foot passengers. -About seven o'clock the bridge on DeLa'me street was entirely carried away and full into tbc river. These bridges will cost considerably over SI,OOO each to be made as they were be fore. They will be repaired as soon os possi ble. Among the drift was apig pen contain ing. three large swine, The water flowed across the street from the Square to the Wadding Works,' to a depth dr from two to three feet, filling all the cellars in the vicini ty. The water in the Union Railroad Com pany’s barn rose to the height of two feet. AtDyesvillc, the dyke oo both sides of the dam gave way shortly before six o'clock. Thu breakage is from fifty to sixty feet on the west side, and from twenty to thirty on cast side'. Tbc damage is estimated at £3.000 to the dyke, ana also to the meadow from the carrying of gravel upon it. The mill is owned by Hon. Elisha Dyer, aud run by Messrs- Beckwith & Richmond. At ihe Lyman mill, (owned by Henry B. Lj man, Esq., and run by Messrs. Wm. H. Bowen, and o. <fcW. Foster,) several balk beads which upheld the waste ways were torn away on the east side. The freshet was highest about four o’clock. The dyke on the west side, a wall of stone covered with earth, gave way about five o'clock. The bed of the stream was completely filled. The breakage is dhout thirty leet wide. The damage will be about $1,500. At Allendale, the bridge of twenty-five feet span which led over to West Allendale, on the public road, was partially swept down, making it impassable for£teams. Be low the mill, the private bridge, some twen ty-four reel by forty-four, was carried off, and lies below In the'enrrent. The dam lost a flash-board about twelve feet long, aud quite a piece, of reuce Is down. At two o'clock in tbc morning tbc water was two feet high on tbc rolling way, which is one hrndred feet long. Strenuous exertions during the night prevented more serious de struction of'property. The WooEajqaatuckct was swollen to a very unusual degree during yesterday. The flood was caused principally by the accumu lalien from rain and-snow water, and not from the breaking away of dams on the upper pr.rtlon of the stream, as was at first reported. OK THE PAWTUXBT. At Pontiac the water was at least three feet higher than had been known before for twenty years. There Is great'danger of the bulk head being swept down, whlcli will carry the box simp with it. Water has flowed iuto the rooms underneath the mill, soaking 150 bale* of cotton and washing away a quantity of lime and cement. The Goitou Arnold bridge was almost entirely cevcrcd with water and impassable yester day. The flats for miles uronud Ponllac are under water. The damage at Foutlac will be from $2,000 to $5,000. A.dcspatchfrom River Point, yesterday, to the Journal, says: “The mill dam at Ha’rris viilc was partially washed away to-day, and (he rush of water proved so great in. conse qucuce, that many families living near at baud were forced to remove their furniture, «xe., to save It from destruction. A bridge three miles below the Gorton Arnold estate, upon the turnpike to Providence, has been swept away, rendering travelling over the river at that point Impossible. All the roads in flits- vicinity, particularly between here and Providence, are in such condition as to make them almost impassable.” At Richmond, ou the Pawinxet, In Scitnate, one of the bridges across the pub lic road Is gone. There is a deep gully iu the road and the dam is carried away. At Bcuttlcvillu the bridge is gone, also tbc dam at Wilbur’s grist mill in South Scituatc. At Spracncvillc, the centre ahntment of the bridge is gone, and the bridge unsafe to pais. The water entered the "mills at th*’ lower portion of the land, and damaged the ground tier of a lot of finished goods very much. OK THE ItLACKSTOKR DIVER. Our correspondent at Woonsocsct tele graphed last 'evening: “The heavy rain of last night broke up the lea above the tails, which carried away two-lhirds of the Air Line Railroad bridge over the Dlac«stone, and also the whole of the Ballou bridge be low it. At two o'clock p. m., a portion of Ben. on dam save way, which increased the i alarm, as it threatened the bridge near, hut this evening matters are unchanged. The water has not been higher since 1537.” At a later hour—S) o’clock—last night, our Woonsocket correspondent scuds the follow ing additional particulars: “The wreck of the bridge has stance down, and carried away half of the Bornon bridge. The dam there Is also seriously Injured. One pier of the Hamlet bridge has gone, rendering it impassable. At Nasonville, on the Branch River, a part of the dam and all. the bridge arc cone. At Mackcrclville the trench has broke away. At Ironstone two hundred feet of the Boston. Hartford *!c Krie Railroad em bankment, fifty feet high, is gone. The gas pipe which supplies Blackstonc Is nnder- : mined and broken. The water is higher now than at any time to-dav, which is consid ered an indication of trouble higher up the river.” At Pawtnckct.fhe Blackstoneßiveris&i!d‘ to have reached a higher jK>int than at any time previous io thirty-five years. Tho ice was alt carried off early in the day, acd drift wood, plank and timber followed the ice through the day. A small building used for a waste house, about fourteen feet lone, at tached to the old White Mill, was washed off during the afternoon and cirrled dovfn stream. It was reported that the Spring Bridge, from some point above, had also gone down stream. It was also reported that the bridge at Pleasant Mew had gone, but we know from occular demonstration nt three p in., that this was false. In 1?32, the river was said to be one foot higher than now, and possibly U was, but not having the high water mark of that date, or any means of measuring the present, we are not prepared to dispute It, but wc cau affirm our own experience that it is the high est flood for thirty j cars. The old river was certainly flowing in greater power and ma jesty yesterday afternoon than we ever saw It before, and dashed itself into tho rocky cauldron below tie bridge, with sublime la ge. Shad Rock, below the bridge, famous old time fishing ground, was at timers conii pietely submerged by the seething, boiling flood that poored over- the lower fal s, and threatened to take possession of the lumber yards below. OK THE MO9HAUSSTTCK. It was reported in Pawtucket, that a dam yothet Moebanssnck, near the Manchester I rint \> orks, had been carritd away, and in consequence thc road was badlv washed ; and Senator Moles, one of Smlthfleld’s Court oilmen, had been sent for to prevent damage to the property In the vicinity if possible. ? About half-past four o’clock Sunday after noon, a portion of dam No. 2. on Charles street, gave away, gullying out of thc side* walk a portion some sixteen feet long. The Flood In Eastern Connecticut. I A telegraphic despatch from Norwich Sunday evening, gives the following account of damage by the freshet on the Qnlnebaog and \ antic rivers, which touches Providence 110 <£? than *bc 1055I 055 on oar °wn streams : The heavy rains of Saturday and Satur dav night have swollen all the streams In this vicinity to on almost unprecedented he*ght. The Shetuckot and Thames, at this place, have overflown their banks and the lower part of the city is Inundated. The con. nection? track between the New London. Northern and Worcester roads bus been sub merged, and In some.places completely torn up, so that the Boston train Saturday night was compelled to land passengers at’Aliya’s Point, when they took the steamer. The dams in the Yantlc, Shetucket and Quine baug rivers, have sustained se vere damage,and bridges In many places have been carried away entirely. One hundred andififty feet of the new dam at Occam, five miles above Norwich, has been carried away. Two large holes were made In thc dam at Sprague and obe rant’s paper mills, and half of the King woollen mill at Eagleville Is carried away. The dams at Danielsonvllle and Plainfield have gone bv thc hoard, the latter carrying awav six bridges In its pro gress. Sturtevant’a mill, on the Yantlc, is considerably damaged by the water and floating ice, which swept through the lower story. At Montvllle, seven miles below Norwich, the dam of the Fequot Company was swept away,and the milt itselfhas been damaged to an amount from SIO,OOO to $19,000. The amount of damage to mill property In this.vieinity cannot be estimated yet, bnt so far a£ heard from it will not fall short of $150,000.” A Boy Attacked and Severely Wounded by a Hog. Thc Louisville Courier of February 9 has the following detail of au attack made upon a boy by an enraged hog : A boy, named John Brceny aged about twelve years, was out among the dirt plies on Thursday evening, picking rags, Ac., when on old sow, that was also engaged In rooting among the dirt for perquisites, came up behind him and attacked him. She first seized him by the scat of his pacts, pulled him down and dragged him along some ten or twelve feet, and into a pond of water. She then ran offa piece, tnortmg and gruntingwith rage, and charg ing on him, gave bind a severe wound In the abdomen, on the left side, with one of her tusks. She then jumped upon him and made several attempts to rip mm up, tear-, ice neariy all his clothes off, but fortunately “looting wounds and scratches. After KuE en nr? ff ber fageshe went off and left ,/“ e boy remained still, afraid to move, JJJSJ I 1 bccan ?f dart, when he got up and 5551 j£?\SM oma,l d bleeding. Theser- UWil nnrt tJ. fU iL P v s ' B!ci “ n wc te at once ob- WV a wounds dressed. Hois thon.h D n«lnr *l° 1118 b ed, bnt his wounds, tnough painful, are not serious. F phenomenon. A B^« lh !!! WYork Gazctte ’ Febr Q J U7tJ*] ♦ pnnnV^f^ wortliy gentleman gives us an ac f aa ,^ tr *°r di °afy illness of ayonm? WlD3or ln Providence, H. I.— ?WmTi U i rlnm ? o iJ c,rita features’’to tho SJSSS??? 1 *?® e *tt*rookl7n which we hare SS?i Miss W. has been coo- SSt 4 h i r bcd J or several months, and bos. of sufficient nourishment to erall^ IfaJjeliadbeen lQ a normal condition. Yet her feenlties hayc become strangely acute, and. sho seems to be en dowed with a speciesof second sight. When the physleisn. Dr. I/a Barrow, calls on her she can tell the number of visits he has made* the numbers of the houses’of hla patients* and describe accurately their complaints. * The clock having been removed from her chamber she was enabled to determine atanv hour the exact time of day or night, and shi would describe the color, size aad hJSks of the doctor’s horse and the hue andthotex tnreof the linings of his carriage. She com • posed a poem which ‘ she called Tho Sea fS ' pent, one-half of each Hue in Latin and th«‘ rat la English, which was pronounced bv! the professors, of Brown Uoireraity ptK Ijrtln. although she had never hldT^TT 3 Instruction In CheTanguage. 5i,„ but other extraordinary things mu mi,,. '**• cd fotjhj «oy of the known law.,, .‘"‘'Mt. hfent, medicine or science. Wifi*,... > f" - *- right arm Is constantly in ‘.V”'***her is perfectly powerless when j!' number of the physicians and savan - , « 1 idenceare deeply lutere*!«-d in ti„. Pr ' iT MIss Wlrrscr. and arc emleavorif-t * the mystery of her teeming f' lT « powers.. * u l* r Mteni A SOUTHWtSTESX WONDER. IA3 IDo-rlbgl ffZaM of Uoch-j» (Pa . xnotiou from Natural Caa^ 10 * 1 The MempblrAaofonefe of the '»th ». with a proofeious item which the aa/- 1^ 114 writer claima_to be nothing lesi t l 4n dol “greatest wonder of the ago. maelstrom, the ocean tii!c< the i-1* !l « Natural Bridge; M>d even p!,V* r S fact everything.” tb eAvnlat.d.s it-c’f I'.. 1 13 cepled. -After bid startling exor.liiji ’,V" chronicler thus divulges: ®' The wonder of wonders lies in and U fessed by our slater State of \ rk ,£*’ Those who are acquainted with the ofthat Slate know that H preset physical conformation, a greater* Va^rJ 1 * perhaps; than any. other State in or ou* the Federal Union. Travelling in the wV/ era part of the Slate, the explorer or P rv£ observer will remark that the count— t comes hil’y and often the forests and are Interrupted in their wonted conjn-.it by tolling prairies. Beyond and sti l f-i-h. west these.hills terminate in tb- ( Mountains. In tfita vicinity our worn'— Before entering into a descrlj.ti* n*!.f S “movingmass of rock,” and to icliutre-it doubts that may arise upon the subject will stkte that our information is f-orn a prominent lawyer and cij-tiimu -t! •. cian of Tennessee,‘now remdirg t«i - **rr He received the particular? ». :i ,. * from a couple of young Engi'?;i n .:.;'. !„ er one of whom is a relative of Vs. ) ’ visited the far Southwest in tlfic knowledge, with a vlew'or ; ’ port of their travels and c vre.-Lc V, - wild and unsettled ration-, ter, containing a minute de-c; v , the “moving mass of rock," \’\v~ - not obtain, as It was *jt with the that It he forwarded to England. £ west, about ten mile,' from thesourcc .*i St. Frauds River, which rises In the tizurfe Mountains, and a short distance from the boundary line which separates Mi»b->i;*t»: from Arkansas, is a’strip of limestone, ur green stone, ranging from between urn* u two miles in width.' It is interspersed hen* and there with plats of land, in many ca-« over an acre in length, peculiarly rich is. soil, and making the strange and perhaps hitherto unknown conformation ofaswnmpy and rocky soil. At the extreme northeast extremity of this rocky section the water from the St. Frauds pours in, especially it: the spring and ..Jail seasons. In* a heavy volume. The stream, for it I* nothing elec than a stream,' although Its cur rent is swift beyond parallel, takes a zig-zag course through the rock, being particular!;- swift at the above mentioned extremitv. a-jj again empties Into the St. Francis. Attain extremity Is a solid, mass of rugged aaj picturesque rock, almost - oval in washed on all sides by a rapid cnrfftit. a-.J moves directly aud regularly back and i T . ward; always In motion, and creating a deep and heavy sound which can lu- hr-a-d for miles. At first Us motion is hardly tv-, ceptible to the orokary vision, hut J- 1 1 *’- scund increases end the strange eve more directly and minutely, the object *}U. ccmcs palpaue. On either side of tV :5J nu-nsc movable substance, which, as \u hiuc said before, fs surrounded by a swift arc here and there eddies thrcatcrirg in stant destruction tb everything witbjn Its yawning and awful reach, massof reck is covered with wild rr-»*tj. tion, which grows up thicklv and er-»a?, L< . ously. A portion oftherock li*:s directly nn.l.*r the base of iht mountains, and as ss tnoviog, Is washing the side* cr.id-r-'ft away.' Another atxange fact |» thT lion is. that the landscape th-n-ib, :i:< pre sents alwa} a a grayish hue. Tills cav're suit from the color of the sandstone •a lalns, think, in all likelihood, tt does ; but these grctlcmen. who have writ ten upon the subject seem to cni-*r: ti;i ■ ,»if. ferr'nt opinion. They attribute it i„ ;; «• dense inisi about the rock, created, a- ;V-y soy, by Its motion. This Idea Is verv t-'-u. slide, when we consider what an *:- ( - mist, or fog, is crcatea by the constant : I rr- Ingrfthc waters by a mass of u*ck lablc in weight and depth. Wo ni-lu »o on for a year gne?sing. a< t * T>i causes which have produced such ur. «c --paralleled wonder, and wc might i*c m tar. at the end ofa year, from a pwi. .A. stantlal and logical reason, as we wer.- wc commenced. It belongs to tho sc!-;-;:-,- men of this age, a«l over the world, to . v .-n, ire’he groat “moving mass of rock :“ *•*- spec’, the adjoining lands, and If anvthl k can be fonnd explanatory of the pred j:: i' cause, let the world know it. In closing our remarks upon this wonder ful natural production, we arc led to con sider the causes of its creation. Wt.a: „re they? We know they are! But hov cre they ? That’s the question! If gases can cause earthquakes—lf currents of water .-an cause whirlpools and mammoth maelstroms, why not certain currents ofclecirical char acter cause ponderous masses of rocks :■> re volve? The proposition is, can scicu-' -pv plain this wonderful freak of nature? cause* the rock to revolve? Is it a peculiar combination of gases, or what is it ? BREAD BIOTS IN ENGLAND. Sufferings of AnNans and \T orbing- men in London. [From the London Daily News, January Cs.] Yesterday, at noon, the utmost excitement prevailed among the tradesmen and rcs-Mect# of these towns, and business was almost en tirely suspended, consequent npon lar-.* numbers of men patrolling the street?. uuJ making attacks npon the contents of differ ent shops. The first alarming 01 riot manifested themselves i&tu the*previ<»;i night at Deptford. During the atterc-Min a great number cf tickets for bread were dis tributed from the relieving oUlcer’s hou-e, and In the evening the premises were ?nr rounded bv some hundreds of people arid seeking relief. It was then anvm.cvd that no more tickets could be as there was no more bread to be obtained. After waiting some lime longer a rinr.tlu neons rush took place, hut It then being the nsual time for mestox thoarade-mc:: clf.-n g, the mob which bad collected were LatU.d t.» some extent in that which they bad resolved upon.. Ore taker’s shop, however, was completely sacked. Proceeding along the High street, Deptford, the crowd cjni Mo the shop of another baker, acd were 10-'iii making a forcible entry, when the proprietor called upon them to desist from dcsir-wing his property; promising them that he would give them the whole of the breed he lw! re maining unsold. This had the desired eflVrt, loaves of bread wefe thrown out at the floor, an drecinglbay had pot all that was obtaina ble, the crowd marched onward toward tie Broadway, where an attack was made up on the shop of another baker, the wm lows wero-broken, and a small quantity of I read which happened to be at band was carried off. An extra number of police had been oa duty in the town during the evening, but these were wholly insufficient to prevent the mischief, and'it was not nntil the nr* rival of Mr. Wakeford, Superintendent, and a body of mounted police, and others ol foot, under the command of Inspectors King and Ebbs, that -order was re stored. Yesterday morning. bow ever, large numbers of men again assembled, and the tradesmen, appre hending a renewal of the previous nL:at’s riot, closed their places of business. The mob went towards the Greenwich Union house where the guardians were holding their nsual weekly meeting at the time. The applicants, however, who attended to seek relief were not of the class who joined in the above lawless proceedings, these being mere roughs and idlers, among whom were a number of grown lads. In all ca-e-» temporary relief was granted, and up to uu; time of this report being written no fresh outbreak had taken place, detachments of police from the several metropolitan dlvi tions being on duty, and the most effective arrangements made to cope with anv disturb ance that may arise. FBINCE. The 2 Smperorii Reform 2n.*a«ure*— Row they were Communicated to HU cabinet. {Paris (January 23) Correspondence of the London Times.] In the meantime the Emperor was matur ing, In silence and secrecy, his plan of re form—net quite the same as that which has been published, though very nearly s<>. The Cabinet Connell that was to meet on Wednesday was postponed la conse quence of the Court ball, to Thursday, and on that day, before any other business was entered upon, he. quietly drew from his pocket a sheet of paper, read to his Ministers tbe draft of his project, in formed them that as be had definitely made up his mind npon'it he would not then trouble them for any observations, and re quested them to nroceed forthwith to tbe ordinary business of the day. The Ministers received (bo gracious communication with respect; not without surprise, but they paid nothing. On Saturday, the Connell of Min isters met again, and, the Emperor having settled in ms own mind what to do with them, they were allowed to have their say. The Empress was present, and took part in the conference. There ran be no indelicacy in alluding to this Illustrious lady, who* K to all Intents and purposes, a political per sonage. HerMajesiy has overand overagaln presided at Cabinet Connells; she almost al ways takes a share In tbe proceedings, and. sometimes, signs decrees and ordinances, io tbe present instance, it is related that her Majesty was pleased to express herself not over satisfied with the concessions crantedhy the Emperor, as they gave too much latitude to the Opposition, and too much disarmed authority. M. Cbasseloup Lanbat (Marine) inclines to more liberal views, and, peril***, took some objections to the project Tnerc is some uncertainty as to bow Marshal Ban don expressed himrelf on this particu lar subject, though there was as to what he thought of the project for ; the organization of the army. M. LanaMte, “strange to say, took rather a liberal view, though he might not completely disapprove thc plan. M. Fonid did not conceal bis opin ion that it could hardly be looked, upon as serious. lie would co.diaily support anf well considered, serious measure that worua enlarge the circle of public liberty, aud at the same time maintain the public authority of the Executive; but he did not thiuk tea. the one in question had that character. A 1 * ter heating with his wonted serenity am- v-V Hence all the Ministers bad to say, It s,Maj esty was pleased to - notify to his Mlm^* 4 that be had made up his mind, and be _ in vited” them to resign e» maw. The ** invi tation ” was at once accepted. It was con sidered os a mere formality’thourh perns*** ■ superfluous one, as they all expected to « reinstated in their posts; A railway accident lately occurred, can- ** by the axle of a tender giving way, detain log tho train several hours. A UuFJ“ .quired of a gentleman passenger why it w*> k> delayed. He gravely replied: M*da“J, it was occasioned by what Is often follow*-' 1 by serious cou:equencea—the sudden a l ***’ log of. a Under attachment." m