Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, February 18, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated February 18, 1867 Page 2
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€l)icajgo BAHT, TEI-WEEKLTABB WEEKLY. .. . OF F ICE. 1T»- 01.CX.AKH-^T, Ttert are three ediaooi of the Team iMaM. Ist T«r) rrjor- n<,lbrctroQlsnoa by'csmers, oewamea '■aa the null*. 2a. TbeTß-WTrc/t.-iaoiiiliyi, Wed .todays and Fridays, ior~th matla the Wideit, on Thursdays, for thr nulls fliul sale atony coaster aadbv newsmen. ! ■-•- Terau of the Chicago Trfbane * , ' , . JHUy flcnrcred in toe city toe vtu)..L‘...S U - - - - - • (per qaarteg.... 3M ' Dally# to malt subscriber* (per usam, pars* • - -- . bie In-adr sneer...—.. 112,00 Trl*Weekjr.(per annum, payable in advance) HAD Weekly, (per aim tan, uayabie la advance).—.. .£.OO . JF-P»«looal parts cl tns year at the same rates.. remitting snfl ordering fire or more topic* of etUxar (he Trt-W«klr or'Weekly editions, tn»y retain tea per cent of the subscription price si'a commUtioa. f. • % Vtmm id owertng tae address oi yoor papers changed, to prerent delay, be sore and Bpecuy what edition job take— » eddy, Trl-Weefely, - orDaUy. Also,'KlreyonrPMHaMandftuare address . IF" Money, by Draft, Express, Money orfiea, or la BeglsiaedZ«nen.2&aybeaentatoßrrUlci Address, . TRIBUNE CO* Chlcua, 111. MONDAY. FEBRUARY 18. 1807. UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE. The Congress seems to be In.perplexity, find the various means and measures resorted to, in order to reach the desired end,"by an indirect road, serve only to render that per plexity the more embarrassing. Is it possi ble that Congress docs not understand that the country demands universal suffrage? that nothing less than that trill satisfy it ?. To establish universal suffrage, is to settle all questions at one blow. Establish univer sal suffrage, and make no exceptions, not even of rebels. Let Congress abandon oil its short-cot propositions and conditional bar gains, and propose directly and distinctly. In the form of an amendment to the Consti tution of the United States, that suf frage for all elective offices un der the United Status, and the States, or in municipal corporations, shall be free to all male adults over the age of twenty-one years, of sound mind and uncouvicted of ciimc, born lu the United States or natural feed under the laws thereof. This proposition will dispose of all questions of rcconslrncton. It is preposterous to snp posothat the rebels will ever grant suffrage to the loyalists as long as they are permit ted, under any form of government, to con trol tbeir respective Stales. It is equally preposterous to suppose that any Stale Gov ernment can be organized and successfully maintained with one-half or a majority of the people excluded from the polls upon a general charge of crime lor which they have been pardoned without trial or arrest. There can and ought to be no State Government which shall exclude the loyal men from the polls; there ought to be no Stale Govern ment which exdudesauy man from the polls unless for crime of which the person has been couvictcd. As long as it remains a con test between the two classes, the rebels should be excluded; but for any lasting Government, tbe general suffrage to all free men Is alone consistent with justice and safe ty. Let Congress, even now, before it ad journs. propose an amendment to the Con stitution making suffrage free in all public elections for National orState officers; letthat amendment be submitted without delay to the State Legislatures, and Its ratification in every loyai State is beyond all peradventurc. The President snecringly calls tbe attention of the country to the fact that Congress has no avowed policy. He has some warrant for the assertion. But the moment Congress takes the broad, plain ani unmistakable ground that every adult male in tbe United Slates, not couvictcd of crime, shall be a voter, then Congress will have a policy and the only policy in which the peo ple will have any abiding faith. On that issue Congress can go before the country at the next election, confident of the National approval. That is a living and sub stantial issue, which everybody understands, and upon which the mlud of the country is determined. Until this taffraae be estab lished as the National rule, there cannot be any respectable Government in any of tbe rebel States. When it is established there, with suffrage to protect them, the loyal men, black and white, will take care of themselves. There are those who d> Dot wish the resto ration of the Union on any terms. We are not of this number; nor will the country sus tain that policy one daylougerthanisneces* *ary to hurl its advocates from power and place. The country wan'-s universal suffrage, j ,i .instruction on that basis. Let ns •-,, .; .jd, an amendment proposed, making , -.u the general rile, and leave the re f.‘ to the Americar people. Anything ... r; o; that rule is idle; with that, all ' r; k -iogs will be gained more speedily, o y --ely, more safely than in any other T2IIVAXE ConPi»«»ATIO>S, Legislature lias been in session about . >: r mid as yet the only measure of .• But. peo ily thankful; but they will scarcely , • bat the Legislature 6hall now fall n the laurels won inthis single Tictory r > c monopolists. The troth is, the : v ‘ *.ur Legislature Is almost wholly in the creation of private corpora ,h. Tic truth also is that the Legislature yeet no private corportions what r. lis contrary to the spirit of onrCon- though unfortunately not to its -rrr.jg. m d is a fruitful source of mischief and ( -.r, .-.U'n. The most apparent crll result nick legislation is, that it is done _♦ U. ■. of tbc public business; that •ji. .jurists and welfare Of thepeopleare slu.oo\ entirely neglected to promote it. Uni b.-.ii; d this Is the still greater evil of bargain and sale —In a ■word, the v stem of legislative bribery. Wit jj; ;• i : e i Uempt lately made to incorporate lit -Vr go Dock Company aud the Skating Puri, i < -.ipany. Wcsay that the Legislature *.;• charter no private corporations other tl aa those prescribed la Article X. of , u .,« St a „ 'Constitution, which declares that 41 coii-c.rr.ions not possessing banking •'T,(jS:T- or privilege?, may be formed under •*ge:u-.t*i lawe, bat shall not he created by -< p. r ets, except for municipal purposes, t" ases where. In the judgment of the Assembly, the objects of the cor •• - •!. be attained under general Ike purpose of this article of oar Const!- ratio-, b clear. It was, that the Legislature j-hyu::! it once proceed to make a general which, private corporations can for most of tlie legitimate branches t'. r without a special act'from lb° liilare. Unfortunately it left me L,eg»s* l-.fjrt* a technical excuse t° l neglecting to 'j.: j;j t his duty, »«a although the Con* : : 4 Illinois has been in operation ( / r ,, . IS4B, no general law on the t las yet been formed of snch a cu:.V. ; eUi that corporations will organise jjrJcr i: except in anticipation of getting a .-barter Irom the Legislature at its v* on. This Is all wrong. No duty ■ n aij.-r imperative on the Judiciary Com ■: *o. - oJ the two branches than to agree v‘>: report a general law on the subject or <;••» 7. lotions,which would render nnneccs ni iL's private legislation. InthoStates «:i.i. Ohio, lowa and Minnesota, near* •y <:V i} nilroad has been built by corpora te.:; ;ieicd under the general laws. By utlons of Indiana, Minnesota and i. . ; :d, we believe, of several other States, •.he .. .c’ion of ccrporalions bv the t -r ( ’>uL-'dutely prohibited—* 1 *-^rporaliuns i; Ot-rSUM must n , ndCr «*•', r p s *j-j, 0 is that the hnsloessof and of promoting corporate * -V-'n -I> <>or those States. If A. and o"\, n 'o C.ct incorporated into a Skating • ,-npnny, or any other Company, they ’ • ;v .Tgauize under the general law, and ■ f . - not authorize such a corpora u *;.u- nly remedy is to procure a gen .ai ”;nr ut'ler which C-acaD. and E. and *■. and 11., ai-d as many more as -1. Co so can organize as well asllicra -n,.; so down jrocs the monopoly of"- Paik. It Brown and Jones or . to «--’lect tolls and levy tuxes on the t o;, t '-vro- of a city, It must be under a law by :-mlfh and Johnson, aua Toorap. cau, ui-'i Simpson and everybody c!.-c m«-y do the same thing. The in our Constitution which we i.jTc r-auUd was intended to procure just s\;cUr.'ftOh-jas these; hut its spirit and in tenth-n }>■"«“ been altogether disregarded. It was to do awaT with special prlvl* le es a;vj protect the general welfare, and a ” rests upon the Chairmen ot the .lucloiary Committees, in this matter. They slvuiM Lave seen to it, that the sub ject wus U-.Uen hold of In time to procure some «aV. - ury action; yet the subject hat not i < •:- touched, and the brief session hastei.sti conclusion. In iact '•£. committee of the Legislature Lad more important measures to consider, or grs'-.T responsibilities on its bauds- than the Judiciary Committees of cith<r House. The Law Insti tute of tbit city, after much deliberation, prepared ?; number of bills, embracins many and crcatly-necdcd reforms in the iind practice ol this State. Not havin' sec-n bills, we are not prepared to say .v--- t* s were unobjectionable; butwe jVv .i-fiWcnt knowledge of their general chu::xt'i know that the reforms pro d arc Vigblj necessary and commenda .dc, iii.d thul ahe system of practice now 1 1 vegue iu the State will remain a disgrace r.ntii these similar measures are adopted. Th-; Siatutei need revising, and a comm!- .-' nf coi.ipotcut members of ’the proles i-Jon should f are been appointed to perform this work prior. The distinction bc i vvee'j few and equity should have been ..'.o’hhed. A more efficient system for col- IcU o" ti-'-ts should have been devised. The law should have been amended. Li t v ha» h~s the Legislature done, or what has the _duly -^eainj^BoHrw'aa* we" are informed, which/' they v have brought < forward ipgat reform. /isl the bill to permit /porliesi'-to -suits (to testify In thcirj)wn behalf. This pasted the House several r days ago, tut it has not yet become a law. We have already expresses our views in. favor of the passage o f ibis lav, and in Judgment it should have leased long ago.' Tf ‘ U_goca through, Illinois will take one .step In the right dlrect[on,bat it will be only a short step where a- long jouroey should have been performed. "Wa do not at tribute thla.neglect io eu absolute Indiffcr ! enceto tbepubtfc-xelfarc,’ but wc-do attrib ute It to the'jrc-ocwpitiottpr.'membira In 'the bttsific^j''•drV grinding axds,; ishprinx; to 'set up private _ corporations —ln ft : word,-;.-devoting ‘ ‘thenaetves to' 1 private instead of public legislation. It will' always be so, until we have a general lawloh: the subject of corporations, protecting the people and the corporators alike. New England is almost covered with private cor porations; but they arc „ organised under general laws. Why cannot' Illinois have such a law? Let the Jed!clary Committee and the Legislature answer the question. If, from the scramble for special privileges which is now going on, they save’, breath enough to answer anything. PROTECTION. That ft high tariff does not exclude or even reduce.- importation of foreign' good, Is proven by the fact that under the highest one that ever existed, in this country, there were Imported last year on a gold valuation, $437,038,900 worth of foreign products,' while in the fiscal year 1860-1, life whole importa tion was only $350,775,835, under the lowest tariff we have had for fifty years. Does not this test of the operation of a. high‘.tariff prove the fallacy of the Idea that protection to American industry can be found in in creased taxation ? . But why are so many people deceived in their expectation of “protection” from in creased duties? hlnltiludes bare sincerely believed that a high tariff would protect homo manufactures against foreign com petition. Many persons still think so,' and denounce those as “free-traders” and ‘ene mies ol borne industry who deny tiro truth of their dogma. Wccan easily ‘explain the reason of the failure of an increase of the tariff to “ pro tect” domestic manufactures against foreign competition, or to reduce importation, or to benefit American laborers in any respect. And if oar high tariff friends, who think chat taxation gives “protection,” will lay aside their assumptions and theories for a few mo* meats, we shall furnish them with a receipe that will cure them of their hallucination. Suppose that, under the present rates of duty a_ certain grade ol foreign cloth can be Imported and sold In this country at three dollars per yard, and a ton of railroad iron at eighty dollars what is tbe price of domestic cloth and iron of similar quality? Answer, just about the same. If the latter were materi- ally lower than tbe formereverybody would purchase the home made, and nobody would uuy tbe foreign articles, if the domestic goods could be bad. It is only when the dp* mestic goods higher price that people give the preference to imported products. Suppose, next, that jc tariff shaU be raised eoasto make tbe a'oresaid foreign cloth sell at four dollars per yard and the iron at one hundred dollars per ton. The domestic makers of cloth would cow have an advantage over the importer 01 one dollar per yard, and tbe maker of home iron of twenty dollars per ton. And If they will continue to sell cloth and Iron at the same pricea os before the raise of the tariff. they «■ ill have the whole home market to themselves. For nobody but a 100 l would pay lour dollars for imported cloth when ho can buy just as good home-made goods for twenty-jive per cent less money. And no railway company would dream of importing foreign rails when they can purchase domes tic laile, of equal quality, twenty dollars per ton cheaper. This rule of supply and price will apply equally to a thousand other com modities. It will apply to everything of equal quality that can be bought cheaper of the domestic mauuiactnrer than of the Im porter. We think that no reader will dis pute the truth of propositions so self-evi dent and palpable to the dullest compre hension. Then why is it that the home market is not in the exclusive possession of tbe domes tic manufacture? Since 1861 the duty has been quadrupled on most articles, yet more foreign goods are imported now when the tariff averages fifty-five per cent, than when it averaged bat fifteen per cent, os was the case in 1600. This is the reason : After each increase of the tariff, the manufacturers put np tbe price of their wares just the same per cent as the tariff has been advanced. Therefore whatever advantage' has been .gained over the Joreign article by an advance of duties, Is instantly lost by the equal advance in the selling price of domestic product*. Ko matter how mnch Is added to the tariff, the prices of the stocks of goods on hand are all marked np to the level of the tariff. The manufacturer goes np with the others. Not an hour is lost in doing it. It makes not the least diflcrence how much or how often the tariff is raised, the price of domestic fabrics and of all stocks of goods on band, whether home made or foreign are hoisted np to o level with the latest tariff. Ten times have the duties been increased within six years ; and ten times have the prices of domestic articles “ protected” by the increase of tariff, been also advanced on the purchaser. When the duty was but Qfteen per cent domestic arti cles told at the tame price as imported arti cles. The same thing is true now with the duty at fifty-five per cent. If the new bill beiore Congress passes. which raises the duty irom fifty-five to seventy jxiT cent, onthe average, the price of domestic goods -will bound up to ibe new ta* Iff level with the elasticity of an India rubber bail. Indeed, in mere anticipation of its probable passage, wholesalers and roannlactnrers have already commenced marking up the prices of their slocks, to correspond with the proposed Increase of the tariff on various articles. Unless all the manufacturers of the United States shall combine together, and solemnly agree with each, under heavy penalties, not to raise the price of their wares, but to continue lo sell them at former rates, the proposed Increase of the tariff will not en large their home market lo the extent of the purchase of an additional horse shoe nail. But there will he no such agreement entered Into. Every manufacturer will seek to gain the enhanced price caused by the increase of the tariff. His wares will be held in the market at the same rates of similar imported articles. Whatever specious the ories are advanced as to the effect of com petition to reduce the price of. commodities, everybody knows that in practical re alitv, the*selling price of .the domestic pro duct is the »mc as that of the imported, product of similar quality. The exceptions to this rule are too trifling to mention. Alter the proposed seventy per cent tariff bill jjasscs, foreign poods will be sold In °f m * petition with domestic just the same as now. American -onsamers of morr mci.l to purchase a 10 cdcc to o foreijm. ‘*t an oot., because both will" be offered '•> b ! m 3t B ‘ mlUr l lnces P er uuali’v of **** ttr^ce * H will continue to the utmost ..SSnot our ability to pay for them, and gold and bonds will be exported in greater quantities than ever. The Increase of the Tariff will not furnish employment to one more workman, nor bring the producer and consumer an inch closer together; it will not give the fanner an additional market fora chicken, a potato, or a peck of wheat; it will not advance the price of his products, bemuse that is governed and fixed by the European price currents; H will not ad vance the wages of workmen enough to balance the loss from the increased cost ot living. In short, It will benefit nobody but -peculators who have stocks of goods on hand, which they want to force off on the public at higher prices than the stuff Is worth. The whole thing is a shameful swindle on the masses, under the hypocriti cal and lying pretence of protecting Amerl an industry. And all newspapers, which iic honest and true to the interests of the t cople, will expose and denounce it as a rcbtmc of pilfer and pillage. PRICES IN EUROPE. Wc publish an interesting letter this morning from our correspondent nt Munich, Bavaria, on the cost ol living and the general fccale of prices in Europe.. The letter sets out with the remarkable statement that not less than twenty-five thousand Americans arc residing on the Continent at the present time—not traveling, but making their perma nent abode there —and that-by far the larger number of these have been attracted thither by tbe cheapness of living. Ills added that the number is increasing every day, and that the Consular offices are filled’ with letters from persons in this country making Inquiries with a view to residence abroad. In other words, the enormous prices prevailing in ibis country have turned a tide of emigra tion from America to Europe. A dwelling-house which rents for $1,300 in an average American city can be had In Paris, the centre oflkshion and extravagance of the world, for §4OO to SOOO. A soltc of lour rooms at a first-class hotel in Munich can be bad for $1.40 per day. A similar suite in a similar hotel In America costs slsj?er day. A pair of dress boots costing SIG in this" country, can there be lad for $3, and a broadcloth salt costing SIOO hoc, can there be had for $34; and so on. The only things which can be had in this country as cheaply as in Europe are ag ricnlturel products. ■ ... TVbat Is tbe cense of Ihle etnpsndoae dif- fcrcnco Id prices, which renders It more economical, for a man who has accumulated money, to live in Europe than to live »t borne? Our correspondent affirms, and we entirely agree with him, that after making all allowance for a higher. rate of wages, and somewhftV^ inflated currency, tbc barbirons Jiftypeahen t ’ tariff of the HnlU& (Stales 14/jnalnjy jre- Eponslblc for this difference, rat naripnal debts of most -of ttasb European conn-, tries are as tbtCdpbt of the Unltcd'fitates. xfbe national debt of Great Britain per capita Is $125 ; of Holland, $121 ; of France, $53; and of the United States, $74.28. Hence there Is no ex planation of tb’s ertraordinary^dlffercncaio -tbe-cost of diving lbTseJohndTln oumatlonkl” '3eUt. J.t most ,b e .v sought elsewhere. TV -mast found, la that system "of political whiph : .impo3Gi_ ; a Jne_^of—■ fl fty-e I gbt—pcr ' cept ~ npoh every man who seeks to' avail {himself, through the avenues of commerce, of the ad vantages which Providence has bestowed upon other'countries.' One hundred dollars* worth of broadcloth from Qeradany costs the American consumer, under this system, three hundred dollars In gold, thus; ; Cortln Germany S2OO Tartfi on this class otgoods, 60 per cent. 60 importer’s profit, 20 per cent . Jobber’s profit, 25 per cent, , Retailer’s profit, 25 per cent. S3OO Thus the apparent duty ol 60 per cent comes to the consumer multiplied by tbe profits of at least three dealers; so that when the consumer has got his goods, he has paid not only the tariff, but 70 per cent of that tariff in addition. If tbe goods are made in this country they are furnished by tbe manufacturer at exactly tbe importer’s price, $193, or its equivalent lu currency,and then the jobber’s and retailer’s profits carry tbe cost to tbo con earner to the same figure as the imported article. So, whether the consumer buys tbe imported or the domestic article, he pays tbe tax multiplied by three profits on the tax. The manufacturer alleges that he hardly makes a living profit by selling the goods at $192, and is always bes’eglng Con cress lo raise the price lor him still higher. Thus It appears that though the consumer has lost the difference tbe manufacturer has not pained It. All noxious, la their turn, have gone through the horrible pit and miry clay of taxing them; ‘lves In this manner to Increiue national wealth. Each man has imagined, while grinning and bearing U, that thongh lie was getting poor the nation was just on the point of becoming rich. After chasing the ignis fatuus a lew centuries, more or less, and losing incredible sums of money, they have invariably reached ihc conclusion that what is good for. each man in the nation Is good for the whole na tion,and that the only class really “ protect ed” and permanently benefited by a high tariff are the smugglers. In the end they have unanimously agreed that laws which give each man ft license to rob, and require him to throw halfthai he takes into the sea, are on the whole unprofitable to the commu nity. Even poor, old, feudal Austria Is get ting her eyes open to the truth on this sub ject, and is discarding the notion that wealth can be created by multiplying taxes upon the l.eoi«le. ___ FROM WASHINGTON. [Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.] ■Washington', February 10. THE COMPROMISE SCHEME. Mr. Wentworth’s resolution has brought out many expressions from participants in the late night meeting. It seems that they were assured that the President was willing to act on the platform very near that of Congress, and some of those attending went in good faith, hoping some proper harmony between Johnson and the Union party could be secured. Others participated jbe cause of & chronic conversatism. . They, however, seem, to have very little hope to night of the President yielding anything. THE RECONSTRUCTION’ MEASURE. vTbe bill agreed upon in the Senate caucus has been printed. It is substantially tbe Military Bill as passed by the House, with tbe Blaine amendment, and a further propo sition avoiding the great objection urged to to that In the House, by making all enfran chised by the bill competent to vote for del egates to tbe Convention to frame the Con stitution. At half past ten Garrett Davis has the floor, and will probably keep It till midnight. The purpose of the Senate is to present a new bill, and have a vote before adjourning. IX THE HOUSE, Mr. Taylor, of Tennessee, Is glorifying the President. Twenty members on the floor. MB. COOK’S AMENDMENT TO THE RECON- SXECCXIOX BILL. The amendment pronosed in thcSenaldo tbc Blaine amendment, providing that all persons made competent to vote cn rati fication of new State Constitnt'oo, also vote for delegates to the conventions framing these, was prepared by Mr. B. C. Cook for offering in the Eo ise, but was shut out by the roles and was subsequently adopted hv Senator FrcUnghnysen in place clone of like character which be had pre pared. KIVEB A2»D IIIEBOB BILL. In the River and Harbor Bill reported by Eggleston and passed in the House to day, the items as telegraphed for Western improvements remain unchanged. MINNESOTA LANDS. The Commissioner General of the Land Office has ordered the restoration to market 793 225 acres of landin Minnesota heretofore withheld on account of the Lake Superior and Mississippi Railroad. WX» DEPARTMENT DECISION. The Secretary of War has decided that every bounty claimant shall be regarded as having served to the end of the war who en listed for three years and was mustered out with bis organization, because services were no longer required by the Government and is therefore entitled to additional bounty- TREASURY DISBURSEMENTS. Disbursements on account of .the Depart ments for the week ending today were: War, $1,307,744; navy, $120,110, Interior, $105,000. NATIONAL BANK CURRENCY. National Bank currency to the amount of £170,150 lias been Issued daring the week, making the total sum lesued to date leas than the sum wmceilfid, $293,830,934* internal revenue receipts. The Internal Revenue receipts since Feb ruary first, amount to $10,020,835.50. Total receipts since the commencement of the ■orcsent fiscal year, $194,043,8 23. ITEMS OF APPROPRIATION IK THE RIVER AND HABriOR BILL. Washington, February IG.—The River ami Harbor Bill contains the following ap propriations; For examination and survey of works of improve ment, as follows: •onnnn On Atlantic coast Northwestern lakes... • • .IS’JH! Western and Northwestern rivers For the extension of piers and Improvements of harbors: , 4 Ktie Harbor, Pennsylvania *»."«} Conncant Kiver, Ohio JO’jJjJ Ashtabula Haibot. Grand River Harbor, Ohio CU.OOU Sandusky River from Fremont to Lake E'U..... •• 30,000 Maumee Bay, Ohio. i?n mn St. Clair Flats, Michigan I£.C«W Month of Saginaw River SUNarj’s River. Michigan 50,ftfl Mouth of Au Sable lliycr. M.OW Marquette Harbor, Lake Superior 80,000 Facie He- bor. Lake superior C 3.000 Lac la Bello, Lake Superior 40.000 Superior City* Wisconsin Anxßctele, Michigan... ... W.OOO Grand River Harbor, Michigan.. 40.0U0 Black Lake Harbor, Michigan 51,JHW St. Joseph, Mich rVgW Racine, Wis-. Sbtbojcau. .§*S}{ Manitowoc. 45. WW Green Bay, 2*^o ManWec, Mich,. -... £O,OOO While River Harbor, Mich 07,000 Muskegon Harbor £3,000 Sonth Haven, M«cb 4-W New Bufiblo, Mich. • ,S°,ooo Unnklik, N. Y iOO.OOO BuCaJo, Vi. Y 100,000 Oswego 60,000 Mouth of the Mississippi River 200,000 Ohio River... 100,000 Miß:sr-Rippi Hirer, DeMvl'.ea or Lower Rapids.... .. 1,000,000 River at Rock Island Rapids 20,000 Onlonspon, Ulch 07,i?J0 t wo drvdcca and to be used on JllFfileplppl River between Fort Snel llcg and Rock Island Uaplda 06,000 rentvvatcr. Lake Michigan 53.000 Pere Marquette, Labe Michigan 50,000 .Michigan City, lod. 73,000 The bill also directs the Secretary of War to cause examinations or surreys to be made at the mouth of the Menominee River, Green Bay; Mouth of Kalamazoo River, Mich.; Port Clinton, Ohio; tbe Tennessee River, from Chattanooga toils month, and continue the surveys of the'Mississippi River above tbe Palls of St. Anthony, and between the Falls of St. Anthony and Rock Island Rap ids and of the Wisconsin and Illinois Rivers. ’ THE TARIFF BILL. The Committee of Ways and wfens will report the Tariff Bill on Monday morning. They have redncea the tax on coal to aO coots; salt from SO to 23 cents, and from SM to 10 cents. THE STOLEN- TE9TIHOST. The New Turk Tunes' special says ; Wil liam Ilelnstreet is tbe stenographer charged with selling the testimony of the New York Custom House investigation to outside par ties, and to Collector Smytbe in particular. He is under arrest, lie says Smythe paid him twenty-five or fifty cents per page. Among the evidence thus stolen Is -that ol Mr. Brown, Collector Smythc’e private sec retary. The testimony secured in this case has caused much excitement among certain parties, some of whom threaten Ilnrlbnrt, chairman of the committee, with political slaughter. sew uonxnocsEs ox the lakes. Washington, February IQ.—Tho bill In reference to lighthouses which passed tbe House, provides for one at Trowbridge Point, Thunder Bay, and one at Mendola, Lake Superior, Mich. Lucius Qmntlus Curtins Lamar, formerly of Georgia, has been elected Professor of Governmental Science and Law In the State University at Jackson, Miss. UFB IN EO&OFB. The Cost of.liiig injforiras ;Enroj»&; t ;:*• l' -; with; ' American Prices. _HqnßekeepiD_2_. andj-Boarfling—in '"Paris, Munich, Berlin, Gen-; eva, Borne, - and ■ Other> Principal; The Hotels and Pentiions of Modern Europe. Astonishing Cheapness of Articles of Dress, (Special Correspondence of (be Chicagolylbimc,! Mukiob, Bavaria, January 8», 1357, ' Twenty-five years ago American travellers were still so rare on the Continent of Eu rope, that the few representatives of the great transatlantic Republic, appearing In tbe continental capitals, and upouitbe fa vorite routes of continental travel, seemed as great curiosities to the last generation of tho'Old'World* as would be native visitors from the South Sea Islands to the present. Bat of late years, a mighty stream of wan derers from transatlantic shores, steadily increasing In volume, Is annually pouring ioto all parts of Western, Central and South cm Europe, making the national peculiari ties of Anglo-Americans as well known therein as those of the migratory sous of A 1 bion. .The fact would be capable of nume rical demonstration, that, sihee the close of the civil war In tbe United States, the Con tinent, has been visited by many time* more Americans than English. Instead of the hundreds of American voyagers that came across the Ocean every season, a score of years hack, tens of thousands now make their appearance every spring and summer. So great has this migration lately been, that not only the great centres of European civilization, the famous scats of arts and learning, the abodes of monumental autism ty, and the regions most, favored by nature, swarm, during the warm months, with American elght-seera, but that regular eolo nies of permanent American residents hare also become established in Paris, Geneva, Zurich, Frankfort, Dresden, Florence, Romo, 2»nd other first and second claßi citi id- AMERICANS RESIDING IN EUROPE ON AC COUNT op mou rniCEs at home. Accord'lng to tbe information I have ob- talned from various consular sources, I deem it safe to say that there are, at this lime,-no less than twenty-five thousand Americans, single individuals and families, residing on the Continent. While many of ibis number live abroad, either on account of their business or health, or because they believe tbe opportunities for the enjoyment of life to be greater thanat home, pecuniary considerations constitute the motives of the temporary expatriation of by far the largest .portion. Though the means of not few of tbe latter class would be sufficient to satisfy even Insurious wants in the United States, they prefer to stay In Europe, because, ow ing to the incomparably greater cheapness of the necessaries, as well as the Injuries of life, they can have more for their money here than ou the other side of the Atlantic. But with the greater number, the settling down on the Continent is not a matter of choice. They left their American homes and deter mined to remain in Europe for years, simply because of the heavy cost,of living with any degree of comfort in the United States, in consequence of the enormous increase of prices daring the last few years, whereby they follow the example of the thousands of English people—consisting of half-pay offi cers and other Government pensioners, wid ows with limited incomes, reduced men of fashion, the youngest sons of the nobility, and small rentier* and renfiere* generally— that are continually taking up their resi dence on the Continent for the sole reason that their means do not allow theta to live in style at home, while they’can live very comfortably, and even stylish, upon them abtoad- TRAVEL IN EUROPE, Great as tbe number of these voluntary exiles already is, tbe vast quantity of letters addressed to our continental consulates from all parts of the United States, for the pur pose of obtaining Information as to the cost ©Hiving abroad, affords evidence that many more think of cscaoinglrom the land of high prices and emigrating to Europe for a longer or shorter poxlod. For my part, I would not advise apj one to abandon an American home, no matter how difficult It may be found, under existing circumstances, to make both ends meet, for a more or less pro tracted rcridcnce in Europe. I believe, sin cerely, that, In most cases, It will be found easier to practice economy at home than to seek to save money by living In foreign parts. For the greater physical comforts and cheaper enjoyments of every descrip- tlon that can be commanded in the Old World by people of limited means .seldom compensate the genuine American for tbc absence of an active public life; the want of a useful and profitable occupation, ami, above all, for being deprived of the exercise, of pis political rights and being obliged to submit to the social abnormities of Europe. A visit to tbc Continent for purposes of pleas ure and instruction, I wonld recommend to all who can afford it; bat, as I said before, a settling down for Jong years or forever, to do one. As my advice is, however, not likely to be acted upon by many, and thou sands and tens of thousands will, no doubt, continue to come abroad to reside, under the pressure of the high prices ruling at home, I propose to write down for their benefit what I know of the cost of living In different parts of the Continent, and Institute inciden tally some comparisons between the rates of expenditure for the ordinary and extraor dinary wants of life In Europe aad the corre sponding figures in the United ir’.atcs. COST OT WVXSJO XK PX JJ3. France, being usually the first country, and Paris the first largo city, visited by Americans in search of temporary homes on the Continent, I shall speak first of the cost of living and enjoying life in French lati tudes. It is not many years since such Insti tutions as boarding and lodging houses after the English and American fashion, were first Introduced in the capital of France, under the Gallic name of petitions. In these, most Americans purposing to make an extended stay, first seek refuge, upon learning, after a brief practical experience, that living at good hotels in Paris, with decent accommo dations In the way of rooms, Is hardly less expensive than in the large cities of the Union. Most of the numerous ) p<7Mfo7M kept by English or Americans arc little, if at all, superior to their counterparts in the United Slates, both as to boarding and lodging. The few first class establishments among tbcm, though unobjectionable In the two mentioned respects, make such high charges, that there is hut little difference between them and the regular hotels, in point of cost. The jxmsiona kept by French people have usually a better cuisine than their compel!* tors : under English or American manage- ment, but arc, as a rule, superior to them in cleanliness and as to what Anglo-Saxons In clude in the term “comfort.” aAs to the prices of these pensions a fixed tariff can no more be defined in Paris vt ban in New York and Chicago. They depend upon location. accommodations and other variable condi tions. fiat single individuals, contenting themselves with one room, can obtain board and lodging at the better class of pensions for from els to ten francs ($1.35 to $2.00) a day. Families occupying regular suites of apartments will, of course, average more ncr head. The regular larc almost Invariably comprises a French breakfast (coffee, tea or chocolate, with bread and butter, and at best seme boiled cpgs); a luneb at noon, and a bounteous dinner at five or six. The rooms are generally comfortably furnished, with the exception of carpets, which are almost uniformly wanting. In the old parts of the city, the lodging houses are nearly all badly lighted and ventilated, and possess only the so-called modem improvements. The want of haths is universal. I made above a passing allusion to the fact that Americans soon find out the small dif ference between the prices of the leading hotels in Purls and those of the United Slates. At the Fifth Avenue, or any other of the great catavauscries of the Empire City, a family without children, consisting, say, of two persons, and occupying a parlor and chamber, will not be charged less than fifteen or sixteen dollars a dav. Including board and lodging, fires, etc. This, at the present pre mium on gold, would be equal to about sixty fonr francs a day In Paris. I know, from per sonal experience, that it is utterly impracti cable lor a couple to live for less than fifty franc a day at any of the Parisian hotels most frequented by Americans. And this only in case their wants, as to the number aad ap pointment ol their rooms and the character of their meals, are of a simple character. The reason Is, that the regular hotels do not charge a fixed amount per day, but debit their guests, like the American hotels on the European plan, with specific high charges for every item of their entertainment, 1 In • duding even light and attendance. Now there Is a way of stoppingat first-class hotels In Paris and yet avoiding big bills, which is practiced by not few of the experienced American travellers. It is to occupy rooms at hotels, but to lake one’s meals outside, at someone of the innumerable excellent res taurants, where one can breakfast or dine cheaply or expensively, according tu one's vrilii'Trb* j fbr ’’one'tq'two dollars, that will coat from hrejto'Hen dollars at Delmonlco’s. bf UVVisp.vr'll only do tor those ,that reffialptat a shaft time for the solo par .pO£e o i nljhfajinrlnn.i'Tlitwft making a pro* *tracted Btaf'abpn find* if an intolerable bore ; lo atari but'from seveial times :i day, la all kloda jeif Treather, la search of v meals. ' felnsrle ‘ ftdWdtfalp, especially tboio of younger years, blessed with simple tastes and familiar with the local opportunities, can lire in Paris as cheaply as In any other city on_ the Continent.—l~know •■myselfa': *3uniber of wfiosc current, ffi'expeDses,'exclDs^Te■q^'am^Bemcnts J fld :xcccd one dollar, and 'SvKo lire deal better than -.they, -money atltome. ' They rent rooms for from thirty to forty francs (six to eight* dollars) a month; breakfhst for a franc and a half (thirty cents), and dine for two., francs, for which amounts they,can get a -woll-cooked ; plenty; at second-class restaurants. The problem of getting,along very nicely on even lesstban they spend, is solved in 'Paris by tens of thousands of individuals belonging to the so-called higher orders of society, such as, for Instance, students, and the lower grades of military and civil officers. Of the many thousands of young men pursuing their studies in the French not one in ten has more than fifteen hundred francs ($S00) a year to lodge, hoard, and cloth him self with. The pay of first and, second lieutenants in the French army is respective ly $350 and S3OO a year, and yet by musing together and contenting themselves with cheap lodgings they manage to live, not withstandlngthelrgreaterexpenses for uni forms as well as American offices of the same, rank with four times more pay. And the tame is the case with the young men in the civil service and many professional callings. in paris. The cheapest way for families to live Is to keep house. Newcomers from America re getting to housekeeping at Paris, will in most case ♦'have at first a rather disagreeable : experience,- owing to their want Oi fmilrari-. , .*y With the Part-sm ways. Bat after, ac quainting themselves with them, they will . 'jon;lirtd to their t'flUifiction that they can ‘really live more* economically in thu French capital than in the larger cities at home. As everywhere in the conrtncuta 1 dries, • nloe {enthsof the penp'c at Paris do not Uvo in ;.hcir own houses, but - in apartments which arc rented furnished' or unfurnished. Last winter I occupied a house Id ‘Washington, embracing seven rooms,, for which I, paid rent at the rate of thirtceu-hmulri'd dollars a year. The same number of rooms, with conveniences for housekeeping, cimbc rented •ua good quarter ot Paris, unfurnished. for tents 2,003 to 3,000 francs (S4OO to- $000) a year, and furnished for from 10 to 20 percent, more, according to the character of the mneatlement. Good servants,, and especially good cooks, command good wages. But na tive chamhi*.'iua?ds can ha had for 30 to 35 francs ($4 to $5), and 50 francs or $lO a month will secure a number one cook. As to the mmcdlate nccp'-sarlea r»r life, !h-:y are, with the exception of dour, from 23 to 75 per cent c'icaper thou in the Atlantic cities at the present time, and, even In the West, butter, t-ggs and Hour, I think arc the only artlciesof .'onsumjd i-a that can he bought cheaper than at Paris. Take for Instance, the- mar ket price of meats iu the Paris market on the Ist hist. Though unusually high it was but SO cents a pound (of course I reduce French weights and money to the American standard )Ifor the first quality of beef; 1G cents for veal and 15 ccntsfor mutton. The relative cheapness of vcgetah’es and fruits is niifrh greater. All kinds of groceries are like .vise held at greatly lower rate*. That families keeping bonsc In Paris can live very comfortably, and even stylishly, on what would he considered n small iucomc in the United States, Is best shown by the example of the natives. Everybody knows that a household cannot be supported, even in nuidest style, either ia an Eastern or Western American city, at a less rate than about a thousand dol’ars a year for eveiy grownup person. How many families be longing to the so-called fashionable society iu New York or Chicago, live for less than $5,000 a year? In Paris there are thousands of families whose Incomes do not exceed 5,000 to 10.000 francs (SI,OOO toS3,COO) a year, that enjoy all the comforts and many of the luxuries of the gay capital, going Into and receiving society. Why the annual pay of a French General of Division, or a Judge of the High Court ol Apjicais, docs not exceed 10,000 francs, nud yet they do not fare any worse than men who expend SIO,OOO a year in New York. " COST OF ARTICLES OF DRESS. The greatest Paving, effected by Americans iu Paris is iu their current expenditures for articles of personal wt-ur. A uair of gentle men’s custom-made boots that cost from sl6 to S2O in the United States, can be had there for 25 to 30 franca.,, I have had a, very fine dress-suit made urattdor for 150 francs, or less than S3O in gold, that would cost $75 or SSO on the other side of the water. A fine flotb or beaver orercoat that would cost ini Chicago at least SBO, can he honght hero for $25. And everything else pertaining to o genllcman’s wardrobe, with the cxccp. llou of articles consisting In. port or wholly of cotton, which arc nearly as dear oa r n the United States, cun be procured ut equally low rales. Ladies, too, find m-»al articles of dregs very much cheaper than at homo, the difference in favor of Paris amounting to £0 to 75 per. cent. A genric man and hU wife, if not led into unnecessary . purchases by tbo very cheapness ol thinca generally, can easily save money enough on <hvir wardrobes alone, iu the course of a veur, :o make up for tbc cost qf coming to Europe and have some hundreds of dollars left besides. » TUE AMUSEMENTS OP PARIS. In one respect, however, life in Paris Is emrer than In the United States. First-class amusements are very expensive. Scats that cost at American opera houses 11.00 to $1.50, arc held at the Grand Opera at ten to fifteen francs. At the Italian Opera the price is Bull higher, as much as seventy franc < being frequently charged for the parquet whenever any extra performance takes place. At the better class of theatres, prices range from six tocight francs. For firstcloss concerts as high as ten francs infrequently charged for adrais- , siou. But it roust be acknowledged that even at these higher figures one is more apt to get the worth ot one’s money In Paris than In the American cities. For the operatic, theatrical and other performances are uniformly excellent, the stock companies Ning unequalled by those of any other European capital. SOME QUALIFICATION'S. I have said above that a small family can Keep bouse In Paris, and live In good style, for $2,000 a year- This mast not be under stood as Implying that horses and carriages, and lacqncys in livery, can ho afforded for this amount, nor that it will bo practicable to support a household on the same sum during the present year. The great Exhi bition will make Paris, for the next twelve months, the most expensive residence in Europe. Owing to the bad harvest last sum mer, the price ot bread and meat is now higher than it has been fora number of years. But the multiplication of consumers, during the time of the Exhibition, will, no doubt, double the price of everything. Es* pccially for furnished apartments in the heat parts of the city enormous rents will be asked, and, in all probability, paid. Hence, American families intending to make Paris their residence in 1807, had better come pre pared to spend twice the amount named. IN PROVINCIAL FRANCE. Ab a rule, Americans arc so wont to look upon Paris as the embodiment of “fa bclU France" Itself, and as tho only spot in tho country ■worth living In, that, with tho ex ception of the invalids who seek the genial clime and healing waters of Southern France, very few reside outside of the metropolis in the Provinces. Tetit Is exactly in second or third-class antics, or the country proper, where those coming to reside in France from notions of economy, can best attain their object?. Even In the immediate vicinity of Paris, the cost of living is twenty-flve per cent less than within the precincts of tho city. In the provincial cities the difference is still greater, and insmall country towns lamiilcs could live for one half of what it will require to maintain them in the capital. To he sore, the social attractions of Paris they will not And either In the former or in the latter. Butin the provincial cities it is much easier for them, on the other hand, to find their way into good society, and enjoy the advantages and pleasures of friendly in tercourse with natives of culture, than whom they will meet no more charming people any where on the Continent. IX OEUMAXr. Next to France, Americans In search of temporary homes arc mostly attracted to Germany, Switzerland and Italy. Those who have made the trial of a more or less ex tended sojourn in all of these countries, will agree with me that In Germany the greatest comfort and enjoyment can be had for the least money. My personal experience, In deed, leads me to contend that It Is the cheapest country in all Europe, and I think the following facts and figures will bear me out In this assertion. I have been living here since the latter part of October, in company with my wife and a brother-in law. IVc are stopping at a first-class hotel, and occupy four large front rooms, consist ing of two parlors and two bed-chambers. They arc on the second floor, fronting on a fine street, and very well furnished. The parlors are even carpeted, an unusual thing , in Germany. For the four rooms we pay just one dollar and forty cents a day. Tno seme accommodations at a leading Ameri can hotel would cost at least fifteen dollars a day. For fires we are charged no more than two dollars, and for lights ninety cents per week. For breakfast (tea, codee or chocolate, with beefsteak or fried fish, or anything’we may order), wo average twenty- five cents each; lor a dinner of six courses forty cents; and for lea, twenty cents each. Washing Is charged at the rate of about thir ty cents a dozen. The total exnenj*£ for am ttar£&do not avtHCffsmore hr d oil are* that*the Irtme entmauunefit would not have bein furnished American totels.4ofcl<« 4 Wan SCOi) v mqdth,. It is accessary those low prices ere Attainable at number one ho tels here only f durirg thqXwinter months, when they are there being but little transient cusidm during the cold season, and the practice Jive* at hotels jho much ft* vogue, In the. -United. States,* .Germany.« summer the charges arc from • thirty to per cent "higher figures. :Tet even then they, irg'only. one-third of the toll - the'- great Bonifaces exact • of'their' guests! - . * HOUSEKEEPING AT 3TDFXCS. Thocost of housekeeping at Munich ap-: pearsi almost "Incredibly low to one accus tomed to American prices. Nineteen-twen tieths of the population live in hlnjd apart ments,according to the universal European tnstomr Whole floors, containing the very finest suites of*rooms, ten to twelve, can he

rented, unfurnished, forfrom s4o£ to si3oa year ; but $250 a year I- already a high'price, more than which very few families pay. Exclusive of rent; good sized families meet all their current household expenses with 125 florins'or SSO a month, enjoying for this' small sum all the “ delicacies of the season” the year around. A household tbit costs SI,OOO a year Is already considered an expen sive one. Good cooks and chambermaids can he had for S2O to S3O a year. TUB COST OP DBEBS. Every article of wear is also surprisingly low. For calf-skin Eastern-made dress boots I have paid $3, and for a pair of patent leathers $3-50. The best merchant tailor In the city will make the finest beaver overcoat for sl9, and the finest broadcloth suit for $34. My wife was asked hut $3 for the best custom-made gaiters. The other day she paid the hill of a fashionable dressmaker for making four dresses and mending and alter ing several others. The charge for every thing was but 30 florins or sl3. She wears a winter cloak, costing $9, which could not have been bought for $35 in the United States. Very good kid gloves, manufac tured here, can he had for 45 cents a pair. Everything else in the same line Is propor tionately cheap- . / AMUSEMENTS. Amusements of every description can be i njoyed at equally moderate rates. At the Loyal Opera House and Theatre, tho orches tra and stock singers and actors of Wd-sh are not Inferior to those of any other Imftuu rioosof the kind in Germany, the average admission for flrst-clays performances of operas and dramas is seventy cents for the former and fifty cents tbr the latter. The subscription price of tickets U> the splendid : tries of classical concerts given here every winter, Is only tblrty-iwo cent*. Gang], the famous composer of dancing music, gives popular concerts almost every wee’s with u >i fine band of thirty-six performers, to which rlie admission Is oely eight cents for one and twelve for two persons. Au elegant two horse carriage, with drivers, for an afternoon drive, can he hired for fifty ccuts an hour. In fhe cabs, that represent the most common public conveyances here, the authorized charge Is only ten ccuts for every quarter of an hour. POLICE RESTUICTIONS. As a curiosity, that will doubtless very much astonish your readers, I will state, iu this connection, that the price of provisions In this well-hthavcd city of 160,000 inhabi tants, as well os in every, other municipality of over-governed Southern Germany, is fixed by the police authorities. Thus the weight and price of bread is regulated once a week,, according to the stale of the grain market, and formally promulgated through the local papers. The price of beef is fixed once a month- It is now eleven cents a pound, and I am told it has not varied a cent within the last twelve months. All the bakers’ aud butchers’shops are regularly vioiled by the police, and their owners severely punished if found to have acted In violation of existing regulations. The Government always takes care to keep prices downas'rauch ua possi ble, by providing tor the regular supply of the market In seasons of scarcity. This it can easily do as it owns all the railroads In tho Kingdom. IN OTHER GERMAN CITIES. What I have stated m regard to the cost of living In Munich, will, with slight varia tions, hold good lor the cities of Southern and Central Germany generally. At Stmt gait and Heidelberg prices arc a little lower, at braukforl-ou-the-Jlain and in'the several watering places In the vicinity, somewhat higher. At Dresden, o iavorlto resort of Americans, tho ordinary expenses will be found to lleVrout the same, while amuse ments arc more expensive. In Northern Ger many the prevailing prices arc from ten to (wcnly-Qvc per cent higher. In the seaports, £BHamburg, Bremen and Lucheck, the cncc Is the greatest. At Berlin meats arc: eomparatlvely high ; but prices are generally v-ry moderate fur a large city, lying In lhe j midst of an unproductive district. Tho ho-; tri charges in the Russian capital arc far less 1 Than in Paris. The most expensive city in: octmany is Vienna, where, as In thu United Hates, prices have been very much inflated In consequence of the Increased Volume of mrrency now afloat In Austria. Nevcrthe- Ws>, although rents and provisions arc high er than either at Munich, Dresden or Berlin, clothing, foot-wear and the like can he pur (jia-cd there as cheaply as anywhere. The Viennese hotel-keepers know how to figure rp big bills for their guests as well as their lliiie colleagues. Americans entering Aus tria lor a long or short stay, can mak-j np for the difference between prices at Vienna and those of the rest of Germany by exchanging their coin tor Austrian currency. At present tlie premium on specie In Vicuna was 3l}£ jer cent—almost as much as In New York. IN SWITZERLAND. . No portion ofEuropc Is more generally ris ked by Americans Ilian the great focus of Eu ropean pleasure travel—beautiful Switzer* Imd. A good authority upon the subject told me last July at Zurich, that of late years Ibe American visitors represented fully ilfly jer cent of the myriads that come every sea son from all parts of the globe to behold the sublimity of the Swiss Alps. Last summer, c-pccially, the Influx of transatlantic travel lers was immense. Thousands of these,after making the tour of the Alpine regions and the several lakes, settled down for weeks and months atGeneva, Lausanne, Vcvcy, Berne, Interlachen, Lucerne, Zurich, and a score of other favorite resting places, where the en joyment of all the comforts of life can be combined with a quiet contemplation of na ture in its grandest aud most charming man ifestations. With the close of the S wiss trav elling season, In the latter part of September, most of the fojoumers wend tbeir way to It aly or the cities of France and Germany. Hut some always remain, and more or less extensive circles of American society can be found In the whiter at Geneva, Lanaanne, Berne and Zurich. Particularly the first meutioned city is much frequented all tbe year round, owing to therelative'mildneas of Us winter climate and the opportunity it af fords to families to have their children edu cated In the numerous and excellent private educational establishments in and about the place. Both to transient visitors and regular sojourners, tbe unrivalled hotels and boarding and lodging houses (called pensions as in France) with which Switzerland fairly abounds, afford tbe means oflivlng very com foilably and, at the same time, cheaply- During the height of summer travel.say from June until October, hotels propcroftuo first class will ask from 10 to 35 francs, ($3 to $3) li day for board and lodging. But in tbe nu merous pensions, found In all the principal towns, on the borders of the lakes and at the most interesting points in the valleys and upon the mountains, very good accomoda tions, Including board and lodging, can be had-for five to seven francs ($1 to $1.40) per day a person. In the fall, and through the witter and spring, even the leading hotels arc willing and eager to receive regular lodg ers and hoarders oh ibe same terms. This is, no doubt, the cheapest way of living in Swit zerland. I know a numberof American fam ilies that have gone to housekeeping, not so much in order to save money as to be able lo fashion their temporary Swiss homes os they liked. They fiudtbeexpcnsenogreaterthm In Southern Germany. The Swiss prices for all articles of wear and consumption ore, in deed, almost identical with those of the lat ter country. LIFE IK ITALY. Every fall, a strong tide of humanity, in search of pleasure, instruction, quietude and health, pours through the various passes of the Alps into the “Garden of Europe”—glo rious, classic Italy—and Hows into her every part distinguished for natural attractions or historic interest. Among the thousands and tens of thousands that constitute this autum nal influx, the American element is always very numerously represented. Allured by the mild climate, and held fast by glowing beauties of scenery, unrivalled treasures of art, monumental wonders of antiquity, and historical associations generally, a great num ber of transatlantic wanderers, after making ihe tour of the Peninsula, arc In the habit of settling down for a prolonged stay In one or the other of the large cities or the favorite points of resort on the northern lakes and Northern and Southern Mediterranean coast. Not few Anglo-Americansarenlsoattractcd to Italian latitudes hy the supposed cheapness of living on the Peninsula. But they soon become satisfied that they were mistaken in their.calculation of finding life anywhere In Italy relatively cheaper than north of the Alps. Twelve or more years ago, Italy was really the cheapest country on the Continent tor foreign residents; bnt -this was rflt so much in consequence of an Inherent general lowness 61 prices, as owing to the tact that. I iuibose uaWftaur, I' not uf ihiTesJ; I pensive modem comforts (cSHlialty l 0! # pertaining to the interior afpcflntment or »«%>» jeStrod n « D n«lP C nli>!ni a . Trawlers arilieJoiiro®froiitSirqa4 then tiWr.cntarUin^ they: pay *ycry muenmore, b&Miso they fare near ly as well in Italy as in coun tries. Daring the last dew«s prices gener ally throughout Europe havajnereased from seventy-five to one hundred per cent, and. Italy has slmslynottemMoed behind in- the universal upward movement. Even now, the mass of the Italian people live, from ne cessity, In as Inexpensive style-as of-y But how many Americans would.; be wtning,, ; for .the: aah e l of economy, tosubnilf'to. the . frugality‘pi food and general domestic di?- comforls; thutaTl but the richest classdi. of thenatlVbfitly sharein? --. : • '_H,cart-bo- safely asserted that an equal .amount ormpney.wJU' secure more, comforts and luxuries la.cither France, Germany or Switzerland, thanln Italy. To give ad idea •oftheebst of living in various parte of the Peninsula, I will state the current prices in the places most resorted to both by tran sient visitors and temporary and permanent .residents from abroad. These are Nlzza. Florence, Venice, Home and Naples. In the first mentioned place, as much frequented In the winter by people from all quarters of the world, on account of the salubrity of its cli mate, as the most celebrated German water ing places in the summer, prices have been steadily growing higher from yeagto yea-, ever since its annexation to France. At the leading hotels the prices range from three to six dollars a day for single persons, accord mg to the location of rooms* and for families in the same proportion. At the pensions board and lodging (one room) can be had. at six to ten francs a day. Bents are engrmous. A furnished house of good size cannot be had for less than 1,200 to 1,500 francs (SIOO to $-500) a month. Famished suites of apart ments for families, say five to cteht rooms, 1,000 to 3,000 francs (SIOO to $300) a month- Provisions, groceries, &c., <fec., are also held high, so that nothing will be saved by going to housekeeping. Fcr a male servant sixteen dollars, for a cook the same, and for a cham bermaid eight dollars a month aad board, Is paid. FLORENCE, formerly the cheapest residence in all Italy, has become a very expensive place since the Royal Government established Its permanent residence there. Still, It is not so dear p.z Nlrza. At the beat hotels a single person can live for fifteen to twenty-five francs (three to five dollars) a day. In the pensions the price Is seven to twelve francs a day. Decent furnished apartments for single indi viduals (two rooms) cost from sls tos3o, for families from $75 to $125, a month. For a well-furnished villain the vicinity of the city, from SIOO to. $l5O per' montb Is asked. Housekeeping In the capital of Italy now-a duys is generally found more expensive to foieigners than boarding at hotels and pen nons, and Is tried by but few Americans. IN ROME the hotel prices are about tße* same » In Florence. The charges of the first-class hotels for lodging, breakfast, dinner, supper and Urea and lights, for a single individual, in the winter, is not less than $3 to $5. Fam ilies, requiring extensive accommodations in the way of rooms, will average the latter figure per person.- In the summer much cheaper terms can be obtained. Good pri vate lodgings for single persons can be had forsltos3. A suite of apartments for a small family, say three to-five rooms, on'the first Door, will cost In the winter $35 to SSO a month ; larger suites S6O to S9O. In most of the lodging houses meals are famished at fixed rates, at 50 cents to $1 per meal. But as a rule it is cheaper to take one’s meats outside at restaurants, when they can he had in better style for the same price. At some hotels persons lodging outside can dine by the week or month at reduced rates. House keeping In the Eternal City ought to be .cheap, (it Is seldom tried by Americans), from tbc low prices ruling in the markets. Good beef can be bought for 10 cents; veal for 15 to 20, and mutton 13 cents a pound- Pigeons and chickens arc usually held higher, (from 20 to 40 cents apiece,) bat a great variety of game and fish can be bought very low in the season. Vegetables' and fruit are also very cheap and good- NAPLBS is not only the largest bat the -dearest city in Italy- As everywhere else on the Peoln bula, foreign visitors arc charged twice as much In tho winter as in' the summer. During the former the better class of the hotels proper, as well tbc hotels gamis , charge from $1 to $1.50 a day for each room with attendance, without mca’s. Including meals (he dally expense Is not less than from $1 to SO. Well-furulshed apartments command higher prices than at Rome. There are some good pensions In which board and lodging enu be had for $1.50 to $3. In the best res taurants tbc charges arc os high as at Paris. But lor the great influx of strangers In the winter months, tbo prevailing, prices would seem Inexplicable 1c view of the cheap local markets. 4 All through Italy good clothing and foot.* wear for both sexes is much dearer than north of the Alps. The same Is true of moat Industrial productions, notwithstanding the fact that the price of labor la comparatively lower. The reason is, that skilled workmen in the various trades are very scarce and command very high wages. In the last few years great progress has heed made in the development of many branches of industry, but a long time will yet elapse before the Italians will produce things generally as cheaply, perfectly and abundantly as the northern countries. tub cause op man prices in tub united STATES. In all probability the tacts and figures em bodied in the foregoing, will make man; ol your readers nttcr the wish that the cost of living might bo as low at home as abroad. The cunent prices In the United States of everything needed to satisfy the 'multiform .wants of man, arc, wilhput question, un naturally high, and those they oppress" are fully justified in growling at and sighing for relief from them. But In considering this subject, it shonld be borne in mind that in very cheap countries, labor hardly ever fieds a proper reward. The prlee of labor depends cvetywhere upon the value of the produc tion, and when the latter Is low the former cannot be high. Bnt for the fact that In the United States all classes of producers find better renumeration for their labor than in auy part of Europe, we would not year after vear witness the transfer of hundreds of thousands of stout arms from the Old to the New World. That every kind of physical labor bears richer fruits on the other side of the Atlantic than in overpopulated Europe, has been the main source of the unparalleled prosperity of the United States, and It Is owlrg to this fact that higher prices, or what amounts to the same thing, a | higher value of the productions of skilled and unskilled labor arc not an abnormal phenomenon, bnt a natural outgrowth of the existing social order of things, for the development of which every American ought to be thankful. Bat while I consider the general ranges' of American prices above the European standard a real blessing to the United States, I bold that the exorbitant rates prevailing at the present time are abnormal, entirely unwarrant ed by anything In the material condition of the Republic, and a great drawback to its general progress. And It is well known that the Increase in the rate of wages In America has not kept pace with the increase of prices generally. When gold was at 250, and the fate of the country still nndecided, there ,wss cause for the enormous Inflation of the value of all productions. Bat with gold be low 150, nearly a million of producers added to the producing power of the country since the close of thc-war, and an Immigration of nearly half a million of souls within the last thirty mouths, there la no reason why the general price current of IS(H should continue with but slight modlflcations in 1807. Why should, for instance, a pair of custom-made boots that cost §lB in New York in the summer of 1800, still command the same price this winter, when the bootmaker now imports his French calfskins, owing to the fall of the premium on gold, for forty per coot-less than then ; when his Internal taxes are also leas than before, and the wages of his journeymen rather lower than higher? Like questions might he asked In regard to almost everything worn or.consumed by the people of the United States. The grinding protective tariff system, to the barbarism of ichich the “mojg intelligent nation In the world,” as we love to call ourselves, still clings, although even sluggish, backward old Austria is now turning her back to U,is no doubt responsible to a great extent, forthe anomalies of current prices. Yet allowing for everything tending to make prices higher with yon, ns high duties, high internal taxes and high wages, there is still no reason for the enormous difference be tween the respective value of the same pro ductions in the United States and Europe. "Why should clothing be worth three and four limes more in New York and Chicago than In Paris and Vienna, when the normal en hancement of the prices of the American ar ticle over the European through duties, taxes and greater cost of production amounts, as can he demonstrated, to less than one bon-' dred per cent ? Why should a pair of bools that costs $3 In Vienna, where there is’ al so great inflation in consequence of the im mense volume of currency in circulation, and where taxes arc as oppressive as in the Uni ted States, cost six times more in New York? It looks indeed very much as though our I people were the victims of a vast conspiracy, j on the pari of the manufacturing and import- 1 ing Interests, lor keeping up the abnormal 4 war prices, upon tbe falsest pretences r long Is the Imposition yet to be bo- Scrcral creditors ol a Vlrer lost their entire claims. V ' to take a newspaper./ - te«*d unon ni-* . ph(S BY lIUfjiUPH STODAT TOmOH .£s/ FKOM EUBOF& |™' Z" - B¥ OCBAIV TELBGIMPH, .. Tint Irish Revolt, i f London, February 11-^t?alni^*' The Government denies tbg trnth of • the storieß‘*Odlhe :ianding~<)f ship-loads .of there is/a j&pui molt atandl; ncar.Kil lurnef. *Thc tejegraph.wires near Valenti* “wt&de&tfjed' forwldng/dlstanco, and riot and .pillage Vers rampant. A .coast guard - policeman was killed. c : London, February 15. •About eight hundred Fenians, commanded by Colonel O’Cbnndr, have ' retreated to the .hills near Killarpey, British* troopa-have been posted at Mallow Junction, •lu • the county of Cork, comraardhg. the bill dfa-; trict. The excitement In the neighborhood, is Intense.' Many are' precipitately leaving. . An ex-United States Captain has been ar rested at KUlarney, : on suspicion of being a Fenian. A large number of marines at Ply mouth have been ordered to proceed to Ire land immediately. London, February 15 —Noon. The telegraph wires In the Insorrcc-onary districts of Ireland hare been cut In all di rections, and the meagre news received J 'oai that quarter Is suppressed by the authorities for prudential reasons. A large Fenian party has been sarroun Jed by the National troops in Tcomics’ Wood. Tbc chance? for their escape 10-jk csceetl ingly smalts The band of 800 which retreated to the hills near Killanjey is srlil at larger Tbeupriringds thus far confined to Kerry and Cork Counties, and It Is not bvUeved that the trouble will spread further. The Government stated to Parliament t>- day that Colonel flouseford’s force is alto gether too small to follow the armed bund of Fenians into Toomles’ Wood, but the Cbi» onel had already hopes of surrounding the insurgents and preventing their escape.- The authorities in Ireland have assure? the British Government that the present ris ing Is totally stopped. London’, February 16. Ireland Is entirely quiet. Chief Stephens Is reported there,hat the dan;':.* •terns past. Toomles’ "Wood, where the closely pressed* FccTans took refuge, was scoured by the British troops, and insurrectionary bind \ dispersed. The Government will immediately, send more ships and troops to Ireland. London, February IG—-Evening. The county of Kerry Is proclaimed ta a staleof siege. The policeman who was shot is nof'kikr-T. A large sum Is offered by Government lor tu .- arrest of his assailant- It Is now sald tbat O’Connor la no ctlic than Stephens; No Americans are report: - ! as acting with Stephens. - nafoleon’s speech to tub cores leg- ISLATIF. Parts, February If. The Emperor Napoleon, In his speech be fore the Corpe Legislate on assembling" that body, said: “Serious events have happened In Europe, almost fulfilling the great Napoleon’s Idea to unite all the great homogeneous nations hitherto separated, and which is the only possible balance of power In Europe. Ger man and Italian events have pared the way to it. Their success cannot disturb France. I stood aloof, and helped the peace which Prussia and Italy made* without dismember log Austria. France was just an&scntnil. “In another part ofthe globe we have been obliged to employ iJrcc to redress legltlmat r grievances, and we have endeavored to raise an ancient Empire. The happy results at first obtained were compromised by an in auspicious concurrence of circumstances. The guiding idba of the Mexican expedition was an elevated one—to regeneratea people, and implant among them Ideas of order and progress ; to open vast outlets to our com merce, anddeave the recognition of servieea rendered to civilization to mark ourjpath. Such was my desire and yours. Bat assoon as the extent of our sacrifices appeared to me to* exceed the interests which bad* called us acrou the ocean, I spontaneously determined upon the recall of our army corps, that - the Government of the United States might comprehend that-want of conciliation that bad embittered the relations which, for the welfare of both countries, should remain friendly.” The Emperor then proceeds to say that “ tbeGrcat Powers ought to act in concert to satisfy the Christians, protect the rights of the Porte, and to prevent com plica* ions. The Rome treaty, of September, has been executed, wl ereby tbe government of the Pope has been placed In a now phase ;■ and be is sustained by his own strength; and the veneration of the Great Powers, for the bead of the Church in-Europe, will sustain bU temporal power against demagogues. “Our relations with England are intimate, and both tbePowcrs agree on all great qnes-i lions. The perpetuation of Austria Is neces sary to the balance of power. The Emperor says he bis certain tbe peace ol the world, will not be disturbed. Sure of the present, confident of-lhe future, I have fulfilled your wishes in regard to tbe developement of our 1 institutions on ii liberal scale. France will use her new rights wisely. She is respected abroad, but tbe condition of war being changed sfce must increase her defences. Tbe army bill has been so drawn as to lighten tbe burdens in times of peace, and increase tbe resources In time of war. Our neigh bors assume far heavier burdens. Let-ns ever keep our flag high as the beat means of preserving peace. Tbe prosperity of France advances. Indirect revenue has increased fifty millions of francs, and wc shall sooa be : a bJ c to satisfy all interests, reduce the land tax whereby tbe working classes, are to be benefited and liberty is to be solid*.last ing and glorious. I trust In my policy, my right, and my conscience.”-• TERRIBLE EARTHQUAKE. London, February 16.—Evening. A terrible earthquake has occurred: io the •Island of Cephalonla. Every town.ln the Island is lo ruins. The loss of life and property is very great. The King of Greece has gone there. RELATIONS BETWEEN FRANCE AND THE UNI TED STATES. Paris, February 10. The French Blue Book says the Govern ment of France sincerely applauds the ac tivity of the United States in repairing the evils of civil war. There is now no subject of discussion between France and;'the United States. Everything tends to the assimila tion of their policies. ACTION OF TRE GREAT POWERS WITH REFEB ' EXCB TO THE TURKISH PROVINCES, London, February 16. The French Blue Book shows. that the Great Powers did no more than toll the Porte to conciliate the Cretans and Servians. The House of Commons applauds this course. THE ELECTIONS El PRUSSIA. Berlin, February 16. At the elections in Prussia the Liberals were triumphant. Tea districts returned Count Bisuiark as their representative. THE CZAR OF RUSSIA DISCOUNTENANCES THE SERVIAN RISING. London, February 13. The Czar has written a note In which be objects to the rising of the Servians against Turkey. St. Petersburg, February 10. The Czar will protect the Christians If Turkey refuses to treat with equity. FRENCH ARMY ORGANIZATION. Paris, February 15. The army organization plan of Napoleon is rapidly breeding distrust. AFFAIRS IN CRETE. London, February 15. Despatches from Athens state that affairs lu Crete are unchanged. ITALY. Florence, Fehrnary 15. The ministry question Is partly settled. Klcasoll is to remain Home Minister. STEAMER ARRIVAL. Liverpool, February 16. Steamship Cuba, from New York, arrived at Queenstown late this evening. COSGEESSIOSAL PROCEEDINGS. Washington, February 16. SENATE. The Senate adjourned at 3:00 this morning •without any understanding when a vote on the Reconstruction Bill would be taken, and assembled at the usual hour to day. On motion of Mr. POLAND, the Senate Insisted on Us amendment to tluf Bankrupt Bill, and agreed upon a committee of con ference. Mr. HOWE, from the Committee on Claims, reported adversely on several bills for the relief of disbursing officers who lost vouchers for Government money expended. There was already an act which covered such caSea, by provldiug for their settlement la the Court of Claims. Mr, MORRILL, from the Committee on the District of Colombia, reported adversely on the petition for the enfranchisement of unnaturalized citizens of the District. Mr. LANE presented the credentials of Senator Morton, of Indiana, , for six years from the 4th of March. Filed. The bill to provide for an allotment by tbe Court of members of the Supreme Coart among the Circuits, and provide a Marshal lor the Supreme Court, was called up by Mr. Trumbull and passed. . s Mr. POMEROY, from the Committee on Public Lands, reported tbe bill granting to Kansas public lands to aid tbe extension of tbe Southern Branch of tbo-Union Pacific Railroad from Fort Riley to the' junction with the Centralßranch. Mr. HARRIS Introduced a bill declaring -ny a port of delivery, and allowing •■*n foreign merchandise Imported *• secured and paid in Albany. ’’cconstrnctlon BUI was do ft speech indicating ; lifa come; la repbrto th* request " ftho ' V “‘ cousin Legiohdrie that he reeten, and on .posingtheMUllary.BUl. concluding as fol ‘ ,:“AJler thehnodreds of peaceful.'proposi tions which bate been introduced and aban ’ dcned, tbe majoritr now proposed lo recon struct with the aword.anower which should "bot bo entrusted, to ■■an angel from Hearec. ~ ‘Mr. SAUtSBURT also opposed the bill. KVEjnifO SSSSIOW. 5 Mr. SAULSBUBY concluded speech against the lull. „ . \ m ■ ■ Mr. PA VIS spofce against tnobill. < Mr. COWAN lollowedln thesame war. :'Ko prospect of. . . - BOUSE. . . Mr. STEVENS, from the Committee on Ap propHatlons, reported the Ciril Appropri-; iiUoq Bin, Referred to Committee of the Whole, sod made, the special order for Toes* - fte Senate amendments to the Invalid Tension Bill were concurred in.' Mr. WENTWORTH submitted, a ques* tlon of privilege. Involving, as he 5 said, the honor, 1 purity and independence of the House, a lougprcamhlc. and resolution, re* citing that it nos been tor some time ru mored, and has at last been asserted In a public newspaper, that certain members ol the House have been holding private meet' logs,with a view to a corrupt bargain, pledg ing themselves to act adversely to the report of the Judiciary Committee ! in the question of impeachment, if unfevor able to the President, and also to act adversely to certain other measures pending before the House to which they had been bUherts favorable, provided the President would do certain things to which he has hitherto declared himself hostile, and refrain from doing certain other things to which be has hitherto, declared himself /arorable, and instructing the Judicliry Committee to inquire into the feet whether such meetings have taken place and such corrupt bargains been made; what persons have carried communications from snob members to the President, and from the President to them; the nature of the communications, Ac., and to report such res olutions for the action of. Ihe House as the committee may deem necessary for the pres ervatlon of its honor and Independence. Mr "WENTWORTH moved the previous question. 3lr. ELDRIDGE wanted the resolution amended so that a direct inquiry as to whether the members of the other aide had not been holding meetings fur a corrupt pur pose, and hsd not with corrupt objects de termined to impeach the President. 3tr. WENTWORTH insisted on the pre vious question, and the House seconded !•, The resolution waa adopted— SO against 41. Subsequently the,vote was reconsidered, and the resolution referred to a select com -1 mittce of three. ' The Senate bill for the relief of certain contractors for tbe construction of* war ves sels was postponed till Friday next. . Mr. JULIAN, from the Committee on Public Lands, reported back adversely tbe blltf granting lands to the Kansas Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb, which was tabled. Several District of Columbia aud other unimportant bills passed. The bill to amend the act dcclarlojfthe officer who shall act as President of the United’ Slates In case of vacancies la the office both or President and Vice President was passed without dircossion. The Senate bill further to prevent smm?- gllnc was-pasatd; also-'the House bill arant-- ing the right of way over the military reser vation at Port Gratiot. Michigan. Mr. DODGE reported a bill to refund to the W!nona\fc St. Peters-' Railroad Company v 11.434 in uohl for additional duties paid on railroad iron; Referred to the Committee on Claims. Tbc Committee on Commerce reported a Targe number of bills, which were octcd on; also, Iheßlvcr.vnd Harbor Bill - , appropriating over $4,600,000. which passed. The SPEAKER appointed- Messrs. 'Went worth, Ward, ol New York, and Glossbren ocr, the special committee on Mr. Went worth’s resolution. The bill of appropriations for the revenue service passed, as a>so the bill to chance the location of lights and aids to navigation on the Southern coast.- Rccei.o till evening for debate on the Pres- Iftcnt’s Message. EVENING- SESSION. 3fr. MERCUR spoke in defence* of the course of Congress cn reconstruction. 3fr. DUMONT spoke against the recent decisions of the Supreme Court as the Pope’s bull against the comet, asserting that the bolding of a judicial office did not necessari ly prevent a Judge froa being an ignoramus anti an-ass. Mr. TAYLOR. of Tennessee, spoke In- de fence: of the President* as consistent with truth and patriotism, and the former policy of ihs'Repnblican party.- Adjourned. FROM SPBISSFIELD. [SpeiiftlDcspttcfa to the Chicago Tribune.f Springfield, February IC. CHICAGO CITT CHARTER AMENDMENTS. Tbe amendments to the City Charter of Chicago passed the House this afternoon by a nearly unanimous vote. They include the creation of tbe Health Commission. They afro legislate out of office the present Board of Public Works. They will go to the-Sen atc on Monday, and will go through 'that body without-unnecessary delay. A- NEW DOCK DILL. I bear that a new Dock and PlerßilF Is batching atd : wHI make Its first peep* on Monday or Tuesday. I learn from outside sources some of the names of the persons engaged In giving It vitality, buj as* they are recognized In Chicago as highly respectable gentlemen, their names must remain a secret for tbe present*. CHICAGO HORSE RAILROAD SCHEME. I afro get, from tbe same source,- that the same parties ore engaged in concocting a-big horse railroad scheme for tbe Soath and West Sides of Chicago; tbe Initial point for this horse railroad, I understand, to be Clark street, at Its Washington street crossing; and to extend thence west on Washington street, through tbe tnnnel to the city limits ; from Washington, through Wells and otbe strccts on the South Side, and, in fact. ■ tending Us iron embrace In almost- - direction not occupied by tbe present l railroads. This-blll, I hear, Islikeljtore the light on Monday or Tuesday. DESIGNS OF THE LOBB7. Several projects of like characters re- »-ri vately whispered from car to cor.. In fact, there appears to he a universal' design among the lobby io go in for all sorts of big steals during the coming week. It will re quire at least forty good, active, vigilant men to watch and expose them-. Stealing here is universally recognized os one of the fine arts, and the professors display a skill In tbeir vocation which the devil ought to re ward with his most taking smiles. I bear of no skhtlng park projects before cither House just now. One—the-Washing ton Skating Park Association—went through the Senate yesterday, and is-now in the House; but it la as harmless .as a sucking dove. industrial institution. The Special Committee on the Industrial University,, appointed to visitdhe various lo calities bidding for this institution, made their reports this afternoon. In their report they attach the following cash valuation to each bidr Champaign, $285*000 ; Blooming ton, $473,000; Lincoln, $255,000; Jackson vlllc, including the Illinois College, $491,000; without that institution, $315,000. It is un derstood that the Jacksonville people have not yek-the right to offer the Illinois College.. If they obtain that right, their bid, in tba minds of the committee,, will be the biggest p if not, Bloomington will stand the highest. The committee make- so- recommeadatlccs.. ANOTHER. OMNIBUS. A moderate sized omnibus went through tbe House late this afternoon. Among, the bills in it were the Printing Bill introduced by Mr. Porker, and published in tbe Tri bune several weeks since; also one to fix the prices for publishing delinquent tax lists. Daily papers are to have twenty-five cents per tract, and twelvcand a half cents for town Jots weekly papers arc- to have twenty cents for tracts and lea t cents for town lots. TBE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION QUESTION occupied a large share ol tbe time of the House to-day. It came up under a resolu tion, offered by Speaker Corwin, instructing the Judiciary Committee to report a bill, calling a State Constitutional Convention by what Is known as “ the short cut.” The subject was debated, by Speaker Corwin and Messrs, Dinsmoor, Hurlbut, Shepard, Payne, Childs, Stevenson, aid others, in favor of the resolution; and by Messrs •Hanna, Shirley, Epler, Bond, Bailey, King. Bcesley, and others, against the resolution. The resolution of Mr. Corwin was rejected by a vote of twenty one to sixty-one- A resolution was then passed by a unani mous yote, to call a Convention in the man ner prescribed in the present Constitution. This disposes of the whole matter, solar as the Home is concerned. THE CHICAGO DOCK SWINDLE BCRIED, The Dock and Pier Company swindle was killed In the House to day, with scarcely a frleno on hand'to mourn Us fate.. The first blast from the Tribune Irumncfc .scaled its fate. The Committee on Municipal Affairs, to whom the bill was sent, at once con cluded to reject it, and to-day.. Mr. Eddy, cbalpnan of the committee, reported it back with a recommendation that it be in definitely postponed, and this recommenda tion was adopted by a uaanimoaa vote, la this matter Mr. Eddy and his committee have done a good service to the city of Chi cago. ST. LOUIS BRIDGE BILL. The St. Louis Bridge Bill occupied the at-: tentlbn of the Senate to-day for several hours, and It finally passed by a vote of 23 to 2. This is the amended or Boomer bill. The directors are to be made up of an equal number of Hlinolslans and Missourians, ami breads down what is known as the Cutter Bridge Company. The names of Cutler «fc Krnm, who were in this hill as corporators, were stricken out, and R. P, Tansey and L. B. Boomer put In their places. The bill will .doubtless -pass .the House- Of course the people of Chicago , have no great interest in this i only so far as the success of Mr. Boomer may afford them Gratification. But the people o Southern Illinois will have great cause for rejoicing over the prospect of the early erec tion of the mueb-wfshed-for bridge over the Mississippi at St. Louis. An interesting fact baa become known since new bill has been put on Us passage, which 'has before been strenuously kept In the dark, viz: that the Missouri charter, on which the Cutler Company place so much stress, is flow worthless, the new Const!- tlon of that State abrogating » private acts of incorporation *nnder whl< . no'operationa. had commenced prior to t adoption of that Instrument. This opioid ha* been jprea not only bj some of the me- . .. eminent lawyers ot Illinois, but by Wm. i— £rarts-axid other leading counsel of Np- York. The new charter now. about tbl gnntod by* the General’Assembly has ano? Vbe incorporators General Palmer, Jude John 'Williams. Jesse K. Dubol Goyernor Koerner, Hon. Jehn Baker, T» • Back*tooc,-and other citizens of like blr reputation, and ,there can he no doui. with?‘such’ men os its vouch** ora the ;• enterprise is at last fr from the Wiggins ferry interest. The biii* which tbeyhave pnt In has been appro vets, by New York rapitalists, and every dollflxe necessary to the completion of-the workia already pledged on Its passage. The briar* wiiTeost from- three to live million dollar, a and is to be built by Messrs. Boomer, Boy has ten &“Co. f the famous bridge builders o Chicago, Already Egypt triumphs ovc Wiggins. ■ - : ‘ (Special Deapatch to thsCUctgoTribano] . Springfield, Febraary 10, SENATE. PETITIONS. Petitions of the citizens of Winnebago aod Sangamon Connties were received, ask* log the establishment of Reform Schools hr the State. Mr. PINCKNEY presented petitions of the citizens asking the passage of a liquor law BILLS INTRODUCED. 3lr. BEILT Introduced ft bill to prevent insolvent Insurance companies from doing business in this State. The rules al »" pended and the bill ordered i<* “ third read* fog. . ST. X.0U13 BRIDGE ITTDL. Mr. MACK moved tbai the vote by wWcb tbe Senate made the St. Louis Bridge Bill tbe special order for Monday at tea o’clock be reconsidered. Adopted. That section of tbe bill repealing tbe other bridge chattel* was stricken oat. Tbe name of A. H. Lee, drawer of the Cr ' ' * ' ;rosby Opera ilouse, was inserted in tbe bill i 3 a corporator, on Mr. Koiiy’s motlon-.J .Hr. tINCIIEB offered an amendment, v making It obligatory on tbe company to ex pend $50,000 towards building tbe bridge In the year 1867. Adopted. Considerable debate arose os to the ebsr- acter of the corporators named in the bill, and (tßcr matters connected with it, Mr. MACK defending the gentlemen, claiming in a lengthy speech that they were acting In good faith. Fending action the Senate adjonrnea. AFTERNOOS SESSION. bi. Lov is Bsim nnu Mr. McCONNELL moved an ..amendment that notbinc in this bill shall be construed to prohibit the Mississippi & Illinois Bridge Company from building a bridge • at St.- Louis if its charter prove to be Valid. Mr. McConnell urged that this bill- should not nass without his proposed amendment because it interfer- ed with the rights-of the Illinois *fc Missis- # sippl Bridge Company which bad been char tered by the Missouri Legislature iu ISi54. Mr. METCALF spokeagainst the adoption of the amendment and tbcudoption ofthe bill l as U stands. ' " 1 Mr. TINCHER demanded thepr-vlnns ques tion, which was sustained. The* vote was then taken on Mr. MCCONNELL’S amend ment, which was rejected; yeas 4 r nays 20. Messrs. Addams, Puller, McConnell and . Strain cnly voting for the amendment. Tbs bill was then otderea to a third read ing,. whereupon the rules were suspended and lbs bdl passed— 23; nays, 3. ILLINOIS WAR UISTORT. The standing committees made a variety of reports. Among others, Mr. WEB3TERj» from tha Printing Committee, reported a communication from Adjutant General lloy slc, in reference to the publication of hfrro port. General Haynic says ho now has the history-of thirty regiment? complete, and will require eight c.crks laboring eighteen months ta-complete the work xeidy for the printers. ■ They will composeeight volumes,, the cost ot printing which will be two dol lars per volume, or sixteen dollars persct r and $40.f00 for 2,500 copies. Mr- WEBSTEII moved the adoption of the resolution authorizing the publication of this history; Adopted. RESOLUTIONS. Mr. WEBSTER offered a joint resolution for adjournment ou thc'2lst instant, which lies over under the rule. Mr. FDLLKK-called up the resolution In structing the Railroad Committee-to report bach the House-bill known as the Horlbut Railroad Restriction Bill. Alter considera ble debate the resolution was adopted, with an amendment'dircciirg the chairman of' the committee to*report the bill on Monday morning. INDUSTRIAL COLLEGE. The Select Committee apnoioted.-to visit tbe places competing for the* location of the Industrial University, marie their report -in writing. The report says that-the Cham paign bid embraces the college building, with $75,000 and--060 acres of laud; worth $172,500, besides other buildings, worth iu the aggregate McLean County bid an aggregate of-$470,0C0; Jacksonville bid S4SI,UX>, and L<gan County bid $355,C00.- Laid on the table. Mr. MACK called up his resolution pro viding for transferring the Illinois Central Railroad ftind fronrtbe Interest Fund to tbe Revenue Fund. Referred to the Finance- Committee. Mr. BUSHNFLL Called up tn* State- House Bill on It? third reading. The bill passed—yeas, 17; nays. S. Adjourned. HOUSE. PETITION. A member presented a petition and resolu tion of Macon County Sunervfrors, concern ing tbe locatlODof the State Capital at De catur. AGRICULTURAL REPORT. Tbe resolution introduced by Mr. SHARP, to print ten thousand copies of tbe report of the State Agricultural Society for ISos,,wb*. referred to the Committee on Finance. REPORTS OP COMMITTEES. t rts of Standing Committees . were .r.d paacd in regular routine. CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION. Ihe Constitutional. Convention question amc up os the special order. Mr. j *ayne’6 bill was read. Spee k?r CORWIN made an able speech, wrsio/y th? fluent necessity for a new Consti tution, andf severely censuring the disposi tion of members to occupy toe time of the session in.- incorporating ferry and hen coop companies.. Be desired to have the bill so drawn that the people might rote on the question at the neit judicial election la JuEie, that the delegates, if the people as sented to the Convention, might be elected at the next November elections, arid the Convention assemble in December. In regard to the present coustitrtion he said iV contained dozens of provisions which- not ■only are continually disregarded but are con stantly and openly violated, and the viola tion is.escuscd on the plea of necessity. In ccnclaaionbe likened .the State of Illinois, laboring under thls-Constitation. to a giant striving to cover himself with the tatter* and shreds of the garments of his infancy*. Mr. BANNA thought cither the present Constitution amounted to naught, else it bound us to one definite mode of amending it and no other. If the former, this- Legisla ture might as well cut the Gordian knot by framing a new Constitution at this session, aadsubmittingit to the people lor ratifica tion at the next June election., lie would like to have the whole matter referred to the Judiciary Committee, to report on the 'practicability of the scheme. ; Mr. SHIRLEY opposed everything. Mr. EURLBUT made another splendid speech, in which be took occasion to animad vert npoif tha corruption oflobbrista and the encouragement afforded them under the present Constitution. Several other members spoke on each side of the question, the principal other argu ments In lavor of the bill being made by General Payne. Finally,while the matter was still pending, the Bouse took a recess until two o’clock. AFTERNOON. SESSION. LEGISLATIVE APPROPRIATION BILL* The bill making tbe necessary appropria tions for. the next General Assembly was taken np and a third reading. CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION. Dhc’-u-sioa of the Constitutional Conven tion question was resumed. Mr. BAILEY opposed strongly the pro posed means of securing a Constitutional Amendment at an. early day. saving that be would, resign from, tbe Judiciary Committee rather than report such a measure as that proposed by Mr. Corwin. A call for tbs previous question-on mo tion to refer to the Judiciary Committee* for the purpose of reporting an amendment in accordance with Mr-, Corwin’s suggestion, was lost by 56 to 23, Mr. TAYLOR made an eloquent andikeenly argumentative speech, appealing to the Goose to act in accordance with tho Consti tution. He admitted the great necessity lor important amendments to our Constitution, hut at the same time drew.- attention ti> the fact* that the present Con stitution prescribes In tha- clearest and most definite manner how sach amend ments shall be made, while the experience of the past ten years, during which ourStato has grown great, populous, rich and pros nt-ron?, notwithstanding the evils of our Constitution, prove to us we can afford to wait for the amendmentaa suißci-mt time to allow them to be made in a legitimate and constitutional manner. Mr. STACEY made a Tory able speech In Civor of the short cut plan. Mr. Coi win’s resolution was lost by a voto of Cl nays to 21 ayes. Mr. EPLER offered a resolution, which was an exact copy of the resolution of ISSG, fora Constitutional Convention. Adopted by a rote of 70 ayes to no noes. THE CAN AX. BILL. The Canal Bill was made the special or der for Monday, at 2 p. m. CHICAGO DOCK BILL. Mr. EDDY, from the Committee on Muni cipal Affairs, reported back the Chicago River Harbor Pier and Dock Company’s Bill, recommending its indefinite postponement- Postponement agreed to. He then moved to rcconsldertbal postponement, and moved to lav that motion ol reconsideration on the table Carried. So endeth the chapter ol the Wabash-Fniler-Chicago Dock Bill. The report of the Special Committee on Agricultural College sites was ordered print ed. BILL? PASSED. The following bills were passed, together with a great number af others of minor im portance: Incorporating the Joliet 4b Aurora Railroad Company; incorporating tbe Mississippi River & Wisconsin State Line Railroad Company; providing for the protection of personal liberty. In regulation of matters of commitment of the lasano; measures to reduce all printing regula tions to one act; Incorporating' the Illinois Grand Trank Railroad Company; Beardstown, Rnshville & Keokuk B. R> Co.; STUB PARS BILL. The vote indefinitely postponing the Drexel Sooth Side Park Bill, of Chicago,' was reconsidered, and the hill was recom mitted to the Cook County members. Adjourned. EVENING SESSION. An evening session was held, at which nothing was done bat to refer Senate bills to committees. Adjourned.