Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, February 19, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated February 19, 1867 Page 2
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:.r Cljicago tribune. DAILY, TEI-WEEKLY AUD WEEKLY. OFF ICE. Ha. 51 CLABK-ST. Tlura are turn eOittoM or fee T*mux* Jwosfl.- Ist ; ■ Tti/ TOomiat; tbrcwcnlstion br camera, tunramea • and fee mnlUv Id. The Tei-Wxxki.t, Monday*, WeS- neefiars and .Friday*, for the calls only; and fee WcxzxT, on Thursday*, ibz (he malls i>"« sale at oar counter and by aewmau . . Terms of Use Chlcauro TrlbnaeS Dally Ctlivcred In fee city (per week) 9 93 ** ** ** *• (per Quarter).r.. 3.93 Dally, to call subscribes (per -aasam, can-' _,dJ*lo advance) ..... 194)0' Jrl-weekly.fper aacnis, liyabtcltiadTSsee) hJio nearly, (per aruinm, payable in advance) 9.00 tW~ Fractional parts ot the year at tbe ease rates. IF*Penom remttti&c and ordering fire or sore copies of cither the Trl-Weetly or Weekly edldocv , xsay retain ten percent cl the subscription price as a commission. Kcmca to srrocrinna.—jn ordering the address oi your papa* changed, to prevent delay, ho mre and specify vtat edition yon take—t.eekly, Trl-Weekly Or Dally. Also, ClveyonrpsgaaKTaadfntnre address' Money, by Draft, Expreas. Money orders, or la Seglstered Letters, may be sent at oar risk. Address, TRIBUNE CO H Chicago, 111. TUESDAY. FEBRUARY 19. 1807. THE senate reconstruction BILL. The Senate of the United States certainly worked hard to accomplish something in the way of reconstruction on Saturday. Their session extended through the entire night, and lasted until sometime after sunrise on Sunday morning. Their zeal is to be com mended; but it would have partaken more largely of wisdom had it been exhibited at the beginning of the session, when some thing might certainly have been accom plished, instead of now, when a disagreement of the two Houses, or a delay of a few hours, from any cause, may prove fatal to the adoption of any plan whatever. The result of this long and wearisome session was the adoption of Stevens’ Military Bill, with so many alterations and amendments that the “ leader” will hardly recognize his offspring. The preamble sets forth that “ no loyal State “Governments, or adequate protection for “life or property exist In tbe rebel States, “and that it is necessary that peace and “ good order should be enforced until loyal “and republican State Governments cau be “ legally established”—all of which is unques tionably true, and was as true on the first Monday of December, ISGO, as It was on Sunday morning, February 17, 1867, and was declared to be true by the people at the polls several weeks before Con grees met.- The first section, which seems to be about all of the original bill that sur vives, divides the Southern Stales into five military districts; while the second makes It the duty of the President to name an army officer not below the rank of Brigadier Gen eral, and to detail a sufficient force to main tain military authority within each district. The third section' makes it the duty of offi cers so detailed to protect all persons in their rights of person and property; to suppress insurrection, disorder and violence, and to punish or cause to be punished all disturbers cf the public peace and all criminals. The fourth section provides that all arrested persons shall he tried without unnecessary delay, and that cruel and unusual punishment shall not be Inflicted. The fifth section provides that when the people of the said State shall have called a Constitutional Convention, and elected delegates at an election in which all male citizens of proper age, Irrespective of color, are permitted to vote—an election from which no such citizen shall be excluded except for rebellion or felony at common law—and when such Constitution, guaran teeing universal suffrage, except as above, shall have been adopted by the people voting, irrespective of race or color, and when the pending Constitutional Amendment shall have been adopted, then the Senators and Representatives of such States shall be admitted to Congress. A section offered by Mr. Doolittle was also adopted, to the effect that no sentence of death under military law shall be executed except by approval of the President. It will be seen that the bill is different in many respects from the original that came from the Reconstruction Committee, or the amended bill that passed tbe House. The President and not General Grant is to detail the military commanders. Any law lodg imr that power elsewhere than in the Presi dent would be a clear violation of the Con stitution of the United States, which ex pressly makes him the Commander-In-Chief of the army and navy. Congress can no more touch that right of the President than it can abolish the trial by jury in the Slate : of Illinois; and this wc make bold to assert, notwithstanding the amazing proposition ol Mr. Stevens, that Congress Itself should de tail the commanders of these districts, and thus usurp one of the clearly written pre rogatives of the Executive. Of course no such proposition could pass, bnt one is astonished that a mau who has un fortunately been placed at the head of this work »'f reconstruction should presume to advise a measure so violent and so revolu tionary, and so certain to react against the party which should adopt It. We must, then, confront the fact at tbe very outset, that whatever effective power of the Government Is conferred by t his bill belongs to Andrew Johnson, and to him alone. True, there is a provision requiring tbe commanding officer to protect all persons in their rights; but what is the penalty if they do noli 1 "Why, they must answer to Andrew Johnson, as tbe Commander-in-chief and possessing supreme authority over the findings of all courts-martial. We will not dwell on this point, for we have already commented on it iu firmer ar ticles. There is another objection to the bill, and that is that it docs not accomplish reconstruction, nor promise to accomplish it in the future. It simply remands the question to the ex-rebels them selves. It tells them that they may exerchc jurisdiction over Union men, white and black, subject tosych Brig adier Generals as Andrew Johnson may send them, as long as they please, and that when they get ready they may give the ballot to tbe blacks, and do justice generally. The bill is based upon the idea that the condition of tbe rebels under it will be more unpleas ant to them than the ponding Constitutional Amendment with negro suffrage added. If they regard it differently, as we think they will, nothing will have been accomplished save an admission from Congress that they have not the firmness to command the South to do that which the bill declares by impli cation that they ought to do. It is with great diffidence that wc attempt to criticise a bill passed with such unanimity as this. We think it is a step lar in advaecc’of any thing we have yet had; but upon its face it reconstruct nothing except the name of the power which Andrew Johnson Wields. It leaves to the people of the South a work which they will probably never per form, and which Congress itself should have performed for them long ago. it'is evident ly founded on the idea that the North can wait as long a< the South can. But such an idea, while it may be true, is not founded lu wise stateiacnshlp. It was the duty espe cially assigned to Congress, that It should at once go or and reconstruct the South under loyal governments, and on the basis of uni versal suffrage. It has not done that duty, and the Senate bill looks like an attempt to evade or again postpone the subject. The differences between the Louisiana Bill and this arc very marked. The former pro poses to establish loyal government irre spective ofthe wishes of the rebels. This, as we have shown, proposes to postpone the establishment of loyal governments until they shall be established by the rebels themselves. Wc are therefore of the opinion that the nar w-nicii parsed the Senate Is only another makeshift, better perhaps than its predecessors, but still not adequate to the work to be performed. Tllli GAS QCESIIO.V. The people of Chicago arc both anxious and curious to know why the Legislature docs not pass the Gas BUI. There is no honest reason why the people of Chicago should not he permitted to make their own gas if they choose to do so; and still less reason is there for denying to them the right to say by ballot whether they would like to try the experiment or not. If the people of Chicago are unlit to decide this question for them selves, then they alone will suffer the con sequences ; and the question is, simply, whether the people have a right to do as they like with their own, or must make a contract with a private corporation on such terms and conditions as it may sec fit to prescribe. This quesMon is one In which the people of Chicago alone have an interest or a right to be heard. 11 members of the Legislature, not residents here, interfere to thwart the wishes of the citizens in this mat ter, they will not only meddle with that which is none of their business, but they will do so for the most base of all reasons—money. It is absurd to say any member of the Legislature would volunta rily meddle with a matter which he knows does not concern him, and render himself odious to the people of a great city, unless Le is hired and paid to do just that dirty and miserable thing. The people of Chicago, of their own free will, Inaugurated this movement. The Common Council approved it after the peo ple had loudly demanded it, and refused to take no for an answer. The bill, therefore, went to Springfield, carrying with it not only the weight of official sanction, but the still more important weight of popular ap proval. Wc should like to know who is op posed to such a measure ? We know of on ly one interest that has a right to be op posed to It, and that is the interest of the existing gas companies. Tney have a most profitable monopoly, and are, of course, re- Indftnt to surrender their exclusive prlvi ifgos. They can doubtless afford to pay lergely any man or clique who will secure to them the power to fix their own terms on a fresh contract with the city. They can af ford it, because they are rich, and because, if the Gas BQI does not pass, they soon reimburse,, themselves on a new bargain, -wherein'they 4 will be mailers of the situa- shall how many members of ■the Legirlature aro ready,- to sell out the rights tod Interests of Chicago for currency °»its equivalent. IHE TABIFFEILL. • It seems probable that the new Tariff Bill •will not be passed williln'‘the tonstitu’.lonal period of ten days .before tho close of the session, which the President, is allowed for the consideration of all bills'presented to him. Unless actually passed by both Houses, enrolled and presented to him be fore-Thursday of this week, Le| can prevent its becoming a law by withholding his signa ture. If; however, he signs it, as the’tariff lobby say he will, he will make himself partieeps and lose an opportunity !to do one wise and meritorious act, to tho doing of which he is pledged by his Congressional record. If the hill fails to become a jlaw at the present session, tbe job of passing it will undoubtedly be recommended vtry early in the next session, which meets on the 4th of Match.' If it shall finally become a law, • it will prove fatal to every member of Con gress who votes for it—except, perhaps, Mr. Sprague, of Rhode Island. Wc put the pre diction on record that that bill, if It becomes a law, will prove fatal to every man who votes for it—not merely every man from the West, bnt every man from everywhere. It will produce the hardest times that this country ever saw. Tho country is now suf fering in every department of business from the effects of over taxation. It is proposed in the bill to add from fifteen to twenty per cent to the existing load, and what makes it worse Is that the taxes are not levied .for revenue, but for. “protec tion,” so-called, which is no protection, bnt as Senator Gratz Brown denominated it “legislative theft and pillage'.” Every nan in the country is paying a dollar for what Is worth fifty cents—tbe only exception from the rule being agricultural products. It takes two days’ labor to get what ought to be had for one day’s labor, and as a cure for the distress which has come upon us In consequence, it is proposed in the future to icquire three days’ labor to get what we now realize for two. Members of Congress may imagine that they can vote for such a bill and escape the consequences; but they cannot. The bill will adhere to them like the Na tional Hotel disease, and they will drop off, from time to time, in all parts of the country, according as their constituents learn that paying a dollar lorflfly cents’ worth of goods is the real cause of the vacuum In their pocket books. Members from Pennsylvania and New England will probably be the last victims of tbe disease, bnt even they will not escape it. Although the statistics prove that manu factures are languishing and dying under the highest tariff we ever had, and that commerce is almost dead—the last American ocean steamer having passed Under a for eign flag a few dajs ago—the passage of tbe pending Tariff Bill will undoubtedly give those sections a temporary advantage over the rest ol the country. It will transfer enough capital from this side of the Alle ghanics to the other side, to save the manu facturers from the effects of their own medi cine, until they can get up the next Tariff Bill. If the pending bill becomes a law, five years will not roll over the heads of the tarifflohby before laws will be passed to collect back from them and their employers the entire amount which they have extorted from the people. The busi ness of framing revenue laws to throw the whole burden of the National debt upon particular sections of the country aud par ticular classes of people, is a game which two can play at. They will find apt scholars. The American people may be trusted to find out where their money goes as soon as they get their heads clear of reconstruction. They may be trusted, also, to find a legal way to get it back. A DISHONEST COMBINATION. If the present Legislature does not go the way of many of its predecessors. It will not he from any fault of the lobby. Very few acts of public legislation have yet been per mitted to pass. The Improvement of the Il linois River, and the widening and deepen l ing of the canal—measures in which the whole peonle have a deep iaterc-t—arc laid aside, or placed in the rear of schemes for the personal aggrandizement of the lobby. Not one of these lobby schemes could ever pass after investigation, upon itsown merits. There is hardly a man m the Legislature who would vote for one of these jobs, If it stood alone. Is the crime of robbing the public any less nefarious because the friends of two or three or a half dozen ot bills for that purpose combine to push them all through the forms of legislation? Let us look at some of these bills which the lobby wish to have passed in one omni bus. The “ Rina ” embraces the friends of tbe new Slate House Bill—an expenditure of five millions of dollars, to be raised by special taxation, and a free pit of half a million in properly to the city of Spring field. —tfaeAgricultural University, the Cair 5 Penitentiary—the expeoditnre of two mil lions of dollars to be raised by taxation—and. ' perhaps, the Chicago Dock aud Pier Com p&ny —a donation of property belonging to tbe city of Chicago v.ortb twenty millions oi collars, to a half dozen speculators,—and the Washington Street Horse Railway, whereby a private corporation is to be authorized to take and use the tunnel under the river as soon as the city, at an ex pense ofsdso,ooo, shall have completed it. We hear also cf other bills, ’ such as giving to companies the exclusive right to navigate, and to use the water-power ot various rivers in the Stale, ami to take public property wherever they can find it and apply it to private uses, in perpetuity. These various bills represent a great deal of money, and arc, therefore, iu danger of passing. We repeat that not one of these measures can stand the test of an examination into its hone>ty.»- Why should the State he called upon for seven or eight miMons of dollars at this time to beautify the city of Springfield, and build a Penetenliarv at Cairo ? Tho se lection of Cairo for a Penitentiary is an ex traoidirarv and preposterous proposition. Every cord of stone of which tbe bul’ding is to be constructed will have to be hauled to that point from some other point ahich has no friends in the lobby. The Mate can get costly along without either of these expenditures, which, In the aggregate, ere neatly equal to the present Stale debt. The State has had a ripe experience in the matter of buUding a Penitentiary, and -hould be slow to engage in anuticr like project, with a new Stale House in addition. The commerce and trade of the State arc -offering lor the means cf transportation; the Illinois River and the Illinois it Michigan Canal, by the expenditure of one half the sum necessary to construct this State Douse and Penitentiary, could be put innavigable condition, and afford present and permanent relief lo the people from rail road exactions and extortions. These great measures are for the public good, and not for private gain. The most of the lobby schemes, when brought before the Legislature singly, hive tailed. Cormpting influences have not had strc-nclh enough to carry them singly. It is now proposed to unite the measures. The advocates of a Metropolitan Police Bill at Cairo unite with the friends of the Peniten tiary at that point; both unite with those who want to give the Agricultural College fund to Champaign clt.v we are Informed,lenders its votes to Spring field lor a new State Douse, and the friends of the latter of course vole for all the others. The best thirg the Legislature can do is to call a Constitutional Convention and adjourn. If there beany public business requiring leg islation, they can be convened in special ses sion for that especial purpose far more eco nomically than they can remain together now. Every hour spent In session is full of peril to the State. The time for useful legis lation has passed. Let those who wish to leave a pure record vote to adjourn at the earliest possible moment, and in the imme diate dispersion of the General Assembly put to flight also the birds of prey that now All the lobbies at Springfield. We believe that there Is a majority of per fectly honest men In both branches of the Legislature, but the business of tbe session Las reached that point where honesty has no chance. When bills are passed by the wagon load on one call of the yeas and nays, any thing may happen. We await the result ol the few remaining days of tbe session with anxiety. If ihe State House and Peuitcn tiary combination shall carry their measures * the people may as well turn the Inmates of the latter into the former to make laws for us the next time. STAIE AFPOUTIONUENT. Tbe present Illinois House of Representa tives consists ol cigbly-flvc members. The census of 18C5 returns a population of more than two millions, which, under the Consti tution, entitles the people to ninety mem bers—being an increase of five to the present number—and, consequently, a new appor t’onment is made necessary. Our Sprlng fieid specials intimate that this may not be done. The Legislature is so deeply en grossed in the interesting and profitable work of serving tbe lobby in the passage of local bills—incorporating anything and everybody—that it has no time to attend to its legitimate and prop er duties. Another reason . for the postponement of the apportionment may be that Cook County will gala two and LaSalle County one of the five new members. This county has now, under the census of 1800, seven seats in the House. By tbe census of 1865, she is entitled to nine members, with a fraction of 3,400 population to spare. She Is also entitled to two Senators, and has 47,000populat!ontowardsathird. The ratio for a Senator is 86,000. The fractional excess, therefore, exceeds the deficit by 8,000, and entitles her to a third Senator by the rules that prevail in such cases. A disposition is evinced on the part of a good many in the Legislature to cheat Cook County out of the two House members which rightfully belong to her under the Constitution, and also out of a Senator. The addition oijlfiU County would malre the full quota for the ’third Senatorpso'nb&ld the addition ofDoPage and Lake. We trust that our delegation will insist that their county shall not bc chiselled’ont of one-third 1 of her rightful v represeulatlon. When It; comes to paying taies or raising volunteers to fight she is not let off with two-thirds of her assessment of money or her quota of troops. -HICH.ZAUIFFB AFPOBO NO -PRO* TECTION. The proposed increase of the tariff is justi fied by the lobby and tbe. prohibition jour nals on the alleged grounds of ."'protection to American industry,” and every one who docs not advocate Us passage is severely de nounced as an enemy of American industry. We deny their premises. An increase of tariff will not, and in the very nature of things cannot foster or protect the indnstry of the American people. This paper is a champion of American Industry, and the right of each citizen to enjoy the fruits of his own Industry; and therefore wc de nounce and expose the false and fraudulent pretenses of the advocal es of class legislation, whose real aim Is to legislate the earnings and property of the many into the pockets and possession of the few. We utter’y deny and scout tho assumption that the industry of the masses is protected or promoted by heaping excessive tariffs on imported property. It Is an undeniable axiom that all taxcs f whether called excises, tariffs, or Imposts, are in the nature of assessments upon the an nual production of the nation. And whether such taxes are levied In the form of a duty upon foreign imposts for which domestic pro ducts have been exchanged, or in the form of an internal tax npon domestic products or real estate, they are still assessments upon the industry and production of tho people. The legitimate object of taxation Is to raise ftmds to support tbe Government. A tax levied for the purpose of taking money out ofthe pockets of the masses and giving it to a special interest is simply legalized robbery and swindling, and to call such a tax “pro tection to American industry” is adding in sult to larceny. The present tariff of fifty-five per cent Las not protected or fostered American industry. It has not even had the promised effect of reducing importations, for the Treasury re ports show that the importations of the past year, when the tariff was higher than ever belore, were greater by fifty millions than in any previous year of onr history. This sin t le fact blows to the winds the whole theory of the so-called “protectionists,” that high tariffs reduce importations and secure the home markets to domestic 'producers. The New York Tribune admits that notwith standing there is a higher tariff than ever bi forc existed in this country, business is stagnant, limes growing harder, labor becom ing In poorer demand and more Inadequate ly compensated. And yet it advocates higher toT'-'lcu a • the remedy for this bad condition *T t).;rgs rmieid by excessive tariff! What c«ii'd be noire preposterous? A high tariff Luo no power to force a market for home manufactures, else the present enormous Im posts would give a complete monopoly of the i>niestic market to home producers, which we all know is not the case. A high tariff docs not add to the reward of labor, because it ;s notorious that the wages now paid in the United Slates to operatives, will not nearly purchase as much of tbeueces- Mirics of life as when the tariff was but one fourth as high as now. The increase of the cost ofliving, for rents, fuel, clothing, gro ceries, etc., is greater than the Increase of wages. An increase of the tariff, or in other words, an increase of taxation on Imports is therefore an increase of tax ation on the people of the United States who purchase the goods, and It is clearly legislation in the direction of Jaghir prices of goods. For no matter bow the tax is levied, or what discrimination is made against one article and In favor of another, the amount of duties collected is just that much taxation on the people —that much money taken out of their earning*. No casuis try. no sophistry, no denial, can shake this stubborn fact. The end sought by the advocates of the bill before Congress is to force up the price of stocks of goods on band, sell them off at high rales, pocket tbe plunder, cheat the laboring people of the United States, and call the rascally operation “ protecting American Industrv.” Against such “pro tection” the Chicago Tribune, always true to tbe interests of the people, caters its solemn protest. 1.1C.11T FROM mcmCAK. The wool-growers of Michigan have been bolding a convention at Ann Arbor. A re port of their proceedings will be f'undin anchor column, and wc commend it to the careful attention of their brethren in Illinois Missouri and lowa. A remarkable feature of the proceedings is that they gave a great deal of their time to the consideration of wool-growing, and very little to the consideration of the wool tariff. They (ibeussed the questions of wash ing, shearing, packing, and selling wool earnestly nr.d intelligently, and they con ferred with the wool-buyers on these ques tions. After exhausting these subjects they lookup the tariff tor a moment. Instead of passing an angry resolution in favor of the pending Tariff Bill, they resolved that iu any bill which might be passed, tho tiriff on woo) should not he less than It was in the House bill of last session. Those who spoke at all on the subject expressed them selves as opposed to a “protective tariff,” as it is absurdly called, but demanded, reasonably enough, that if that was the game, they ought to have a share in it. It gives ns plea-ure to endorse and commend the action of the Michigan wool growers. When they get strong enough, with the help of thirty millions of consum ers of woollen goods, to tell the manufac turer to divide the plunder with them, rir stop robbing entirely, they can ci-.uut on us back them. At pres ent the manufacturer says to the wool grower: “.Roll your neighbors as much as “yeulike; only let us rob you all.” It Is this bargain, winch treats all the men and women of the United Slates as fair subjects of pillage, that wb object to. We rejoice that the wool-growers of Michigan are not 5 arties. in any offensive sense, to a scheme so destitute of any moral or economical basis. Cs7* One of the greatest stumbling blocks in tbe Tariff Bill is coal. The Pennsylvania men insist on jobbing the New England ers to the tunc ot a dollar and a half a ton. The New Englanders object to this vehemently, but Insist on robbing Pennsyl vania and the rest of the county at the same rate iu the matter of blankets. The shivering poor have to pay it In either case. There has been a precious wrangle in both House and Senate on the coal question, and it seems likely to he renewed, as the Com mittee of Ways and Means have reduced the tariff to fifty cents per ton. We hope the Western members will vote unani mously lo put it up again to $1.50. Let Pennsylvania and New England rob each other to their hearts’ con tent. * A tariff on coal, even of fifty cents per ♦ ir. - * —o— to derive no revenue from an article of such prime necessity—an article so indispensable to the poor. Still less ought a bounty to be paid to the proprietors of coal mines. But we desire to have those Eastern admirers of a seventy per cent tariff get all the beauties of it. £5?“ A paper manufacturer informs us th*t the repeal of the duly on bleaching powders makes a difference of only one quarter of a cent per pound on rag paper, and one-half a cent per pound on straw paper, instead of two cents per pound as stated in our recent article on the paper monopoly. It Is within our recollection that when an attempt was made by the publishers, two years ago, to net the paper duty repealed, the objection was made by the manufacturers that the duty on bleaching powders was so high that they would be ruined if tbe tariff on paper were reduced. We will suppose, however, (and we presume It to be the truth), that the duty on bleaching powders Is equivalent to only one-quarter and one-half cent per pound on rag and straw paper respectively. Will the paper makers allow thit difference to their customers after the bill becomes a law ? The Springfield lobby are funny fel lows. Having been foiled in their scheme to pass the Chicago Dock Bill, they have got up a bill in which they have inserted the names of a large number of persons, who, as they suppose, were influential in expos ing and defeating their scheme. This is called the “ Franklin Institute Bill.” It conveys to the corporators all the property in Chloigo not conveyed In the Dock Bill. This Is excessively funny. It must have originated in the fertile brain of M. Wabash Fuller. Mr. Fuller reminds us of the school boy to whom th“other school hoy said: “You don’t know much; and what you do kuow is a damage to you.” Cheap PuoviEiusa or Texas. —The Son Anto nio Ledger says that fine hit chickens are selling at three dollars a dozen, and turkeys at nine dol lars a dozen; tcllsod bams, six dollars a doxen; sweet potatoes at seventy-five cents to one dollar per bushel; pork, four and five dollars a hundred, and beef ofjplen did quality at five cents a pound WABHINBTOH. The Assassination of Lincoln. Foreign Tributes to#Hia Worth and ffis Memory. y * x-' Action ofthe S«fli American Go?- enririents. v . x / [Special Corrotpondenea of tbe Chicago Trflmhs.] > . WasiziaoroH, D,‘C: February 18. ; 'The State Department Will soon issue the' append! its report for 1865. It will be a printed volume of over 700 pages, made up entirely of matter relating to the assassina tion of Mr. Lincoln. Tho action taken by tho principal European Governments in ro gard'to that event is-geoerally • known. • Of' what was done by tbe South American Gov ernments little has ever been' said. 1 - This action I summarize from advance sheets -of this volume; BRAZIL. Minister Webb says “the melancholy news was received with universal horror and dismay.” Many citizens called on him to express their sympathy, and the entire Dip lomatic Corps made him a visit of condolence. His Imperial Majesty expressed himself as “ overwhelmed with pain,” and the Minis ter of Foreign Relations, In behalf of the Emperor, declared : “Tbe Imperrial Government, with the highest severity, condemns an act so crimi nal as the one which bos for its victim the Chief Magistrate of the Union : and it com prehends the infinite pala thus inflicted upon American citizens, with whom ours so sin cerely sympathize, In consequence of the dose relations of the two countries.” The former Minister of Foreign Re’ations also wrote to Mr. Webb, expressing his “deep personal sorrow on the deplorable event which has deprived- the Republic of her so highly distinguished President.” Finally, tbe Chambers of Senators and Dep uties united In “a manifestation'of sympa thy and a unanimous expression of their sorrow, to be presented to the Congress of the United States.” This document is now before the House, and General Banks will soon report an appropriate response; The feeling of tho Peruvian Government was communicated in an eloquent and quaintly expressed letter from its Minister, of which tho main portion is ns follows: “ Wc have received with great sorrowthc news cf tbe tragic death of the very excel lent Abraham Lincoln. Wounded to death by a fanatic’s weapon, when he finished to surround himself with the purest glory, at a final victory of the redemption war which' he conducted aafar as his arm reached, tbe pain of his martyrdom, the feeling of his loss, and the mourning of the North American people will reach every Christian soul, every freeman, every civilized people, and espe cially the Peiuvlans and their Government, who. closely connected with the Union’s people and their Government, and sympa thizing with that great upholder of human dignity, will lament bin death more than they perhaps applauded his victories.” BOLIVIA. The Government of this country seems to have taken no formal action In regard to the matter, but Minister Hall says the news “produced a sensation of deep and universal regret, In which all classes Joined”—adding that he had “received many expressions of sympathy aud condolence. ECUADOU. Minister Hassaurek writes that “the shocking news has produced the greatest consternation here. The native population sympathizes with us most tenderly In our great affliction. Numerous were the visits and expressions of condolence I received from the authorities and prominent citizens; and I may say that, for many years, no other announcement has produced such sadness as the death of President Lincoln.” The Gov ernment officially, through tho Minister of Exterior Relations, expressed itself as fol lows : “This lamentable and painful event has filled the Ecuatorian people and Government with the deepest grief, because of the cordial and sincere sympathies which they have entertained ana do entertain for the powerful Republic of the Union; and to manliest their condolence, the Government of the undersigned has ordered that all tho officers and employes of the Republic shall wear mourning for three days, during which time tbe flag of the Republic shall be dis played at half-mast.” More precious, even, than this mark of sympathy Is the action ofthe President of thefßepublic himself, who, with his own hand, wrote the following note to our Min ister : Qcito, May 22, JST>S, The fatal news which arrived by yester day’s mail has produced a profound and pala tal impression on me. Never should I have thought that the noble country of Washing ton would be humiliated In such a black and horrible crime; nor should I ever have thought that Mr. Llccoln would come to sncli a horrible end, af er Laving served his country with such wisdom and glory under so critical circumstances. Although the Minister has already written to you officially tonmnife-t to you the grief which wo all feel fur the lamentable loj-b the great Re public has sustained, I wanted to write to you individually, as a friend and as an Amer ican. to unl»e mv regret with yonra and that ol all righteous and honorable men. I am your affectionate friend aud obedient scrvunt, (Signed) O. Garcia Moreno. ARGENTINE REPUBLIC. The Governor of the Province of Buenos Ayres wrote ; “ This execrable crime, the assassination of tbe illustrious Republican, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, lias caused the most profound re gret.” Minister Kirk said It had never beet. Ms *‘lot to witness such intense sorrow as Hits sad event produced.” The Spanish Democratic Committee of the Province adopted an address expressive of its “ sorrow and sympathy,” and earnestly wii-hing “that the tomb of this great man may inspire his sue ester with fortitude and firmness, so that, along with the triumph of the United States of America, republican principles may tri umph wherever the want of liberty is felt.” It brings pain and indignation to sec how this “successor” has taken care that “repub lican principles” should not triumph, even in the land for which Lincoln died. The Foreign Minister of the Republic wrote that “ tbe Argentine Government la ments with the most profound sorrow the Ir reparable loss that deprives the United States of their noble President;” and the Congress, “conscious of tbe loss that liberty and de mocracy have suffered by the death of Abra ham Lincoln, the great Republican, joins the people of the United Stales in their grief by a resolution that its members shall wear mourning for three *tays.” It touches one to the heart to find, also, that the Provincial Congress passed a decree providing, as a further mark of honor and respect, that tha next town organized la tho country should he named “Lincoln.” And finally the Argentine Minister at Rio Janeiro, declaring himself a “ true exponent of the sincere sorrow ” of his Government and people, writes to our Minister there, as follows: “Tbe Divine Providence which has pro tected the destiny of tbe United States In this the most trying epoch of its history, will know how to make of his martyrdom a new encouragement for the faith and heroism of tbe American citizens in the holy war. In which they defend, along with the Institu tions of their country, tbe highest principles ofhuman dignity. The funeral ofyourgreat citizen will be morally accompanied by all Che free countries ofthe universe.” Writing the day after the assassination, the Chilian Minister at Washington declared: “These most extraordinary events have canscd me great surpisc and Intense sorrow, and I assure you that the grief felt by the Government and people of Chill at the news of this calamity -will n® m profound wnl sin cere as mine.” The records of the State Department show how truly the Minister spoke for his brave and gallant people. The Minister of Foreign Relations, believ ing himself “the faithful Interpreter of the country,” wrote thus to our representative at Santiago: “Sir: The Government of the Republic has been penetrated by crlcf as sincere as profound in receiving the melancholy Intel ligence of the crime which has Just snatched from the United States their Chief Magis trate and one of their most illustrious eons. “This sad occurrence is a just motive of grief, not only for the country which that eminent citizen governed liberally and wise ly, but also for all those nations which, like Chili, accompanied him with their prayers and sympathies in the cause of liberty and civilization, which he lias not expired with out leaving triumphant, and which he sus tained for more than -'our years with incom parable wi s dora and perseverance. “President Lincoln is no more; but the beneficent results of the victory obtained un der his glorious government will he suffi ciently Imperishable to Immortalize his namo. Beautiful privilege of free nations, whose works arc not chained to the life of one man, he he ever so great!” The-Prcsidcnt of the Republic spokcof the assassination in his message before the Con gress, at its meeting on the lst of June, 1805. The flag of the capital was placed at half mast, as were ail those on the public build ings and the Chilian shipping. On the 4th of June, a national salute was fired from tbe shipping and the forts of Santiago and Val paraiso; and, on the same day, in the first named city, the citizens, and the vari ous municipal organizations, bearing flags and banners, shrouded in crape, formed in procession, and marched by thousands, and in absolute silence, past the residence of our Minister. Similar demonstrations took place on that day in a number of cities. The municipally of the Department of (.’araliiiapu adopted an address expressive of Us “ lively and profound pain at the catas trophe which has befallen the good Lincoln.” That of the Department of the Andes joined “ with profound sorrow in lamenting the loss of Lincoln, the venerated apostle of American Democracy.” The pcopleof Copiapo declared their “bitter grief for the loss of the great man whoso political genius saved the Union from tbe formidable designs of its enemies, an! eman cipated millions of men who had groaned in slavery.” The Society ofPrimary Instruction tendered a brief address of sympathy and condolence. One of the Santiago clubs declared upon its books, “Lincoln was the incarnation of mod ern Dcmrcraey, and, perishing a victim to the partisans of slavery, has been elevated to the category of the martyrs of humanity.” The Artisans’ Society'.wrote, “The memory of Abraham Lincoln will live In the heart of humanity bo long., os the Andes endnre,” Another of the societies “ accompanying in their grief that people and Government who have! lost one oftholr best and mostillas- : trioiis representatives,” generally resolved that : » “The deplorable system which during four years haa'been aiming at the life of your country, and which had for Its base and object the most horrible anduujustiflable iniquity, slavery, has concluded by summing np and declaring itself in the most Iniquitous and .inexcusable of crimes,.the assassination -of President Lincoln, thus confirming, as a sen tence'without appeal, the anathema which all free men and free-nations have launched against it.” . - - -Most notable'and significant Is the address adopted by.the municipality of Qolllota at a special session on the 12th of Jane, 1865. Their words are words we may well ponder now as we stand face to face with the great question of reconstruction: “ The family of redeemers is few I ‘Wash ington left for his part political personality. Lincoln added social personality. The for mer made colonists into citizens: the latter made citizens from elavci. ; Washing ton gave a country to those ho re deemed ; Lincoln, to those ho liberated, save one also, saying to them, *Be ye men.’ Both made great conquests for mankind; giving back to man that which prejudice and egotism had usurped. From the time of Washington to that of Lhicon, America has completed her first era in the mission of redemption.” May not our representatives In Congress well pause over these words ? With a coun try In form, shall wo not give these whom Lincoln liberated a country in fact? Shall we do It by leaving them to the mercy of the rebel despotism, or by making them men In deed, and giving them the power and responsibility of citizenship? FROM BOSTON. Proposed Purchase of Railroads by fhe State. literary Hatters. The High School Quarrel in Worcester—A School House ami School Ship tor the Paris Exhibition. (Special Correspondence or IbeCbicago Tribune.] Boston. Maes., February 11. RAILROAD REFORM. The time of our legislators and the columns of oar newspapers are attll taken up with the discussion of Zion. JostaU Quincy’s proposition that the Stale should buy the Worcester and Western Railroads, lease them to the city of Boston, and by (IHs simple operation grow rich, pay off its debts, reduce the price of all the necessaries of life, enable everybody to ride at half the present rates, and bring the West into close and speedy communication with the metropolis of New England. The gov ernment of the Board of Trade has given an expression against it; but this goes for little, as the government is not the Board, but merely a dozen or twenty merchants of con servative ideas, and it is balanced by the fact that the Committee on Transportation of the same body, quite as numerous and compe tent to decide, has reported in favor of the measure with only two dissenting voices. Some very strong petitions have been sent to the Legislature from the Boston mer cantile community, favoring the scheme ; and *lt 5s by no means certain h-«w the committee on the subject may re port, though 1 do not tbiuk there is any possibility that the Legislature itself, with the strong influences that will bo brought to bear in opposition, will tekeany decisive action in regard to the purchase of the roads. The stockholders oflho Worcester ro*d have held tbeir annual meeting boro within the wee-k ; und very earnest aud apparently sin cere speeches were* made by the President and Directors to prove that this road has done its whole duty and more, and that for the State to exercise its right of purchase just when such satisfactory dividends arc paid, would be an act of combined cruelty aud tally almost without a precedent. LITEUAUr. The next number of the Atlantic Monthly will have two papers In wliicb the West ts represented; one a plquaint rattling descrip tion of Chicago, by James Parton, and the other a vigorous radical essay on the politi cal situation, by Carl Schurz, of Detroit. Whittier’s new volume, not cutlrely made up, by the way, of ucw poems, lingers in the press, and may not be ready for a month ycl. Our publishers seem to have thrown aside their lethargy by & concerted movement, nearly every one bovine thrown a hook or two Into the market during the post week. Messrs. Ticknor «fe Fields have Usued the late Professor C. C. Felton’s work on “Ancient and Modern Greece," In two ponderous and stately volumes. It is writ ten in the form of lectures. I heard the course delivered before the Lowell Institute hetc eight or nine years ago, and remember them os most enjoyable discourses, filled «ilh tbe results of study and travel, and yet not so heavy with learning as to be at all oppressive to the hearer. Tbe same pub lishers is n • a collection of long and short essays by Mrs. Lipplncott (“ Grace Green* wood”), called “Records of Five Forks." The best paper In the book describe! the author’s experience on a lecturing visit to the Array of tbe Potomac, In the spring of ISC4, on the Raoidan. Lee & Shepard pub lish Kirke’s “Life of Jesus," which'is sim ply a condensation into one narrative, or & inonotcssoron, as it is technically called, of the four gospels, with brief notes, by Mr. J. R. Gilmore, who still coyly shelters himself be hind the nom deplume of “ Edmund Kirko" in all hts dealings with the public. Messrs. Lee «fc Shepard also Issue “A Soldier’s Story," a very minute and authentic narra tive, perhaps, all things considered, the best that has yet appeared, of the experiences of a Union private soldier in the rebel prisons of Andersonville, Belle. Island, Florence and the Charleston Fair Ground. The horrors arc all set down, nothing extenuated, but the whole Is told in such, cheery, look-ou-thc bright-side sort of style that the repulsive ness which injures most books of this class is lost. Tilton has issued a volume of Instructions for the getters up of private theatricals and parlor tableaux,.and Fuller a books of “ Thoughts" by Horace Maun, a collection of brief extracts such os hassev oral times been gleaned among the notable sayings of Hc n r y-War d' Bceche r. This I be lieve completes tbe list. Do yon understand the intricacies of the odd triangular rivalry which is going on over London Society, that most sparkling, most frothy, roost unsubstantial of the English magazines? It had attained a circulation in this country of fifteen hundred copies or so la the original London edition, with a pros pect of rapid Increase, when Hard »fc Hough ton announced their purpose of reprinting it there from the original plates. Messrs Ticknor & Fields have a long contract with the publishers for advance sheets, by which they arc enabled to print the cream of Lon don Society in their Every Saturday, long be fore the magazine itself reaches this country. Of course the interests of the dealers in foreign periodicals, of the New York pub lishers and of the famous Boston firm arc directly opposed, each to the other two, and tbe competition is sbarj) and lively. In Jan uary the magazine itself reached here early, about the same time with the appearance of extracts from it in Every Saturday ; and Hurd & Houghton’s reprint came lagging in a fortnight later, after every body had read it, making d most lame und impotent beginning to its career. The prediction of the failure of the enterprise was almost universal. But this month tbe Hurd & Houghton Issue—printed, you un derstand, from duplicate impressions of the London stereotype plates—is on hand with astonishing promptness, neckand-neck with the Every Saturday reprint of Its three prin cipal papers from advance sheets; while the London edition is not hero yet, lltlrly dis tanced and out of the race. I sec it stated In some of the newspapers that Mrs. Spoflbrd, lately Miss Prescott, of literary fame, author of “Sir Rohan’s Ghost,” “Azarian,” and “The Amber Gods,” has presented her husband with an heir to the Spoflbrd estates ; hut it may he a canard for anything I know about the matter. THE WORCESTER SCHOOL CONTROVERSY. - I was rather amused to see in your, col umns, a while ago, a very vehement and an gry reply to my summary of the ‘Worcester High School controversy, evidently inspired by the Principal, if I might judge from the gentlemanly reference to the opposite party as “an old maid assistant.” I did not pursue the matter at the time, considering that a local school disturbance In a minor city of Massachusetts could hardly be of much interest to readers In Chicago. But remembering that your correspondent was particularly severe ou my observation that “the struggle still goes on,” and claimed that everything was calm, and the Principal serenely triumphant, I cannot refrain from recurring to the subject, just to state that the culmination of the matter has been reached within tbc last week. Mr. Clatiln, the Principal, has had an open outbreak with a clergyman on the committee, and has re signed his position. His resignation was ac cepted without opposition, and the “strug gle” has finally terminated by his complete surrender. THE SCHOOL HOUSE 70S PARIS. The Legislature has very sensibly decided not to send a model'of a school-room to rep resent the educational system ot Massachu setts In the great Exhibition at Paris— somebody happily remarking that such a miniature wenid represent our New England glory of free schools about as appropriately as a Silver-mounted ballot-box would illus trate to foreign eyes our political liberty.- . The. model has been made, -however, and is - to be sent across the water at the expense of the firm whose patent desks aodblackboards ere to be advertised in it, which, of course, nobody can objert to.. A movement is alsj’ on foot to send to France, next summer, the Stale Reform School ship, the “George M. Barnard,” with Its crew of boys in process of pnnishment' aa...thieves and vagabonds, and of education for sailors, thn. Commonwealth being asked merely to authorize, and not to pay for the voyage. - Rev bee. SPRINGFIELD. Proposed Law for the Enclosure of Stock. The Importation of Southern Cat tle into Illinois. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune. bFaxxanxxn. 111., February 2G. THE FENCE LAW. • The Committee on Agriculture has re ported back recommending the passage of the following bill: An Act to prevent the running at large of horses, moles, bogs, sheep and catrie, and determining what eballbo a legal fence. Section 1. TbatltebaU not be lawful for the owner of any cattle, sheep, horses, bogs or moles topennit the same to ruzr at lartro o 3 of the premises occupied by the owner, and when any of such animals arc found so running at large and oU of said owner’s promises, such owner shall do liable to n fine of five dollars, to be paid to any person who shall distrain such animal, to he re covered by an action of debt on this statute be fore any Jubilee of the Peace in each (own or county, onr-half of which shall go to the Treasurer of the town in which such animal isfound running at lame, and the other half shall go (ho parev dis training and bringing the action, and the ofiend ' tag party eball pay un costa. Sec. 2. When any person fs injured lo bis land or crops by any of said animal*, he may recover bis damage in an action against the owner of the beasts or uy destroying the beasts otfany of them* so {can't aotag the damage: Frotldea. That If . the beasts were lawfully ouheadjolntajr laud and escaped therefrom In consequence of me neglect of the person sufferin' the damage to maintain bis part of the division fence the owner of the beasts shall not bo liable for damages. Szc. 3. i bis act shall take effect from and after the 35fh day ot August, 16G7. The above bill was introduced by Mr. Dlnsraoor, of Bureau County.- That such a bill will meet with opposition there can be no doubt, for there are many counties where stock of all kinds arc allowed to run at large, and the members of the House Irom such counties will oppose It; but, to suit the views of all such parties, Its friends will al low all such counties to be excepted from Us provisions. It is to be hoped that the hill will become a law. Since the practical re peal of the common law ou this subject,-by the decision of the Supreme Court, therehas been no general rule of action by the lower Courts. Israel. THE IMPORTATION’ OF TEXAS CATTLE. The same committee recommended the passage of an act to prevent the importation into the State o/Tcxas and- Cherokee cattle. The States of Missouri and Kansas have passed similar acts. These cattle arc infect ed with a disease culled the Spanish fever, a disease that is infectious. Largo numbers of these cattle came into thcStatelast autumn, und arc now creating- no small excitement among farmers in neighborhoods where thefce cattle arc, in consequence of large numbers of them dying with this dis ease. These cattle, coming from a mild climate to a colder one, t'jat is subject to sudden change?,, tends to develop this Spanish fever, which is a spe cks of lung disease. In one herd of five hundred head, it is reported that over two

hundred have died. After the isolation of Texas by the open ing of the Mississippi River, the Texas herds had no market und the close of the war found the State overstocked with cattle itadyfortbe great cornfields of M'Siouri, lowa and Illinois, where they could fatten for the Eastern markets. The low price of these cattle induced our cattle feeders to obtain them, and hence large numbers have been brought iuto the State, for this purpose. No such ob jection exists against cattle from other States, large numbers of which are annually brought into the State. It is not probable that the bill will meet with any opposition, and if it does not become a law it will be for the reason that it is a public act. All private acts have tbeir friends, but the publlchas no lobby to look after Its Interests. Rural. ■* ■ —» Will the President Yield! The Copperhead organs are greatly ex ercised and alarmed at the recent reports from Washington that Johnson exhibits symptoms of surrendering at discretion to the Radicals, and abandoning his desperate scheme of forcing the rebels into Congress. The New York World makes a touching ap peal to him to hold out to the bitter end. The World, which not long since denounced him as a “ boorish tailor ” and a “ disgraced official,” and would have gladly asristed at his hanging, now exhorts him. In effect, to push his differences with the National Legis lature to the extremity of impeachment or civil war. In its iisuo of the J4thinst., It addresses him in the following wrathful, deprecatory and imploring language; “Hutifhpyiclds'mucb. he will oe finally com pelled (o yield ail. It, after me Arm eland be b&s taken, be non* change', it will bo by evident com pmtduu; and wbca his conduct no lougcr pro ceeds from bU eense of right, bat Is dictated by bis tn«.nib e. there will bo no point at which he can very well stop. If Congress can ex’ort half ol «bat ihev want, they can by the fame moans, extent tuo whole. Mr. Raymond has abundant evidence of (he stubborn Intolerance of the Radi cals, end I* his recent Interviews lead bun to think a rccoLcilffllion possible, either President Johnson uauTc, or Mr. Raymond docs not understand bun. When an fdaVcissement is vouchsafed, we shall know more; but just now it looks as if theie might be grounds for unenFincss. “If tbe President Is capab’e ol yielding it wonid have been better to rave the country irom this lo*-g turmoil by yichunc long a o. By bis vigorous opposition to Congress ho has oxasper and tte Radicals and educated the South into “tuubomness. At an earlier mage tbe booth would have submlited more easily and Congress tare heeu lees exaejng. The President caunot justify himself either morally or logically in keep ing everything at loggeibeads for so long a period If the qnam-1 Is to be settled at last by Congress having Us own vay. de should either not yield avail, or have yielded sooner and saved all this giatuitons mischief. “ Ifhe expects 10 reinstate himself In the ca te»m of the Republican parry, he miscalculate-*. They will continue lo hate him it he persists; (bey will scorn and despise him if he succumbs. But if ihey do not think belter of him for yielding who will ? He is loocot.spicuously la ihe «yos 01 the world to usbrd to keep his oldce at the ox perse ol Lis principles. To the South it can luckc no difference w Loiter the Radicals succeed (>v bis Impeachment or by his surrender. In either case they heat the mercy of a conqueror. Hy intrepidity and vigor he may yet baßla their enemies, but be can do ihcm no good a* a humil iated President bolding hla ofilcediy sufferance.” The Tux on Advertisement*. An Associated Press despatch of a few days ago stated that the new Internal Revp .nue Bill abolished thepiesout tax on news paper advertisements; hut this is not true. The hill reported to the House from the Ways and Means Committee retains that burdensome excise, while it relieves fifty other interests of taxation which are far less deserving. Unless the dally press of the country call the attention of their respective members of Congress to this matter, the tax on advertisements will not be removed. The revenue derived therefrom can bo spared. No financial necessity requires Us continu ance, while Us removal will prove a very considerable relief to the press of the United States. The Western Press Association, daring its meeting in this city last December, passed the following resolution, after discussion, by a unanimous vote: WuEitzAs. Congress, at Us last 'ession, repealed the Internal tax on Uie manufacture of prim paper, on tvpe«, on ink, and on job work, lo the relief and benefit ot those branch's of Industry; but fur some reason unknown, neglected to remove the •ax ol advertisements, when there was no revenue necessity lor retaining ibo same; therefore— Sesolved, By the Western Pn ss Association, That the members of Cotgress are hereby memo •ilallzcdto repeal, during their present session, said onerous and unnecessary exci-o on adver tisements, aid thereby place ihe publishers of the dally press of the Un*tcd Slates on an cqa :1 foot ing as respects taxation, with job pi Inters, type, ink and paper makers. Heath of Brant’s Last Daughter. A somewhat remarkable Indian lady died the other day at a place along the lake shore, called Wellingtonaquare, a few miles from Hamilton. This personage was Mrs. Catharine John, the last surviving daughter of Joseph Brant, the Indian Chief who fought so bravely at the time of the American Rev olution, and continued faithful to the British Crown, refused to take part with the revol utionists, and finally settled in the Valley of the Mohawk, near Brantford. Mrs. John was n truly estimable woman, and had won the esteem of all who knew her. She could tell many remarkable stories ot the early settlement of the country,'and was very generally known throughout the section of country in which she lived. Her remains were -conveyed to Mohawk, and Interred with much ceremony alongside the grave of her lather, in the first churchyard that ever was enclosed in Tipper Canada. A Row in a Cnciliodlst Chnrch. {From the Rochester (N.Y.) Unlon.l On Tuesday evening a scene of asomewhat unusual character occurred In the Metho dist Episcopal Church, Alleghany, Pa. An evening meeting was In progress there, and in attendance were two women occupying the same pew. One of them suddenly recog nized in the other a person with whom she had accused her husband of having improper intimacy. She determined to have a dis tinct understanding about the matter there and then, and commenced her accusations against the other In an audible whisper. Toe responses were equally vehement, and at last the conversation became so vigorous os to disturb the service and attract the at tention of all present. Shortly all attempts to subdue their voices ceased, and tbc wordy war waged unrestrained. At length the op ponents'took a position in the aisle, and commenced a vigorous hand-to-hand fight, scratching, pulling hair, and clapper-claw ing generally. At last they were separated, and put out of the church. FARMERS ARB WOOL-BROW- ESS. Meeting of the Wool-Growers, Wool-Bnjers and Agricul turists of Michigan.- *- Important' Dißonasimi of Wool Interests;. The -Tariff Bill end Its Effects on Agricultural Interests. The Fanners Generally Opposed to a High Tariff -.- Tlxo Wool-Buyers’ Assoc In lion. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] Ann Anson, Mich., February 15,1857. The annual meeting of the ‘ State Wool- Buyers’ Association was held while the Con vention of the Wool-Growers was in session elsewhere. It was called to order by the Chairman of the last years’ Convention. Mr. Thomas McGraw, of Detroit, was elected President; Messrs. H. S. Ismoad, of Jackson, and H, R. Gardner, 'of Cold water, Vice Presidents; and Mr. N. P. Parsons, of Ann Arbor, Secretary. Messrs. R. E. Aldrich, of Adrian; J. D. Standlsb, of Detroit; John Starkweather, of Ypsllantl; and Colonel Dickey, of Marshall, were appointed a committee to .draft resolu tions, and to be present and participate in the Wool-Growers’ Association, in session at the Court House. The Association then adjourned until March 20, to meet at Jackson. It was or ganized at Adrian, April 10, 1800. Farmers’ and Wool-Growers’ Conven tion. -pedal Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] Ann Abbob, Mich., February IS. SECOND DAY-AFTERNOON SE-SION. The afternoon session of the Agricultural Convention was resolved Into a meeting of the Slate Wool-Growers’ Association, and called to order by the President, Hon. C. E. Stuart. ELECTION - OF OFFICERS. On motion of Mr. Green, the Chair ap pointed a committee of five to nominate offi cers for the ensuing year, consisting of the following gentlemen: Messrs. Heudryx, Wood, Green and Toft, who renominated the existing Board of Officers; and they were unanimously re-elected, as follows : President, Hon. Chas. E. Stewart, Kalama zoo ; Vice President, SandfordHoward, Lao sirg; Secretary, N. Baxter, Jonesville; Treas urer, W. S. Beckwith, Cassopolis ; Execu tive Committee, C.W. Green, Farmington; J. R» Ilendryx, Calhoun ; Wood; Saline, Chas. Rich, Lapeer, N. Pugsley, Van Boren. The body was then resolved back into the General Convention of Agriculturist?,- and a committee, consisting of Messrs. Arnold, Stewart and Richmond, was appointed- to invite the Wool-Buyers’ Association to* be present and participate in the debates of tlic Convention. That body then came In and took part in the meeting, which then con sisted of Agriculturists, Wool-Growers and' Wool-Buyers, and numbered about one hun dred and seventy-five persons. Among the fwomlncnt Wool-Buyers present were flon. tuwsou Gardner, of Jonesville. and Messrs. JJcGiaw and Standish, of Detroit. Mr. MGraw. President'of the Wool-Buyers’ Association, thanked the Convention for the invitation, and said that be believed that the interests of the growers and buyers to be identical and hoped that they would work together in harmony. The Secretary of the Wool-Growers then read the lollowing reso lutions : RULES; At ft meeting of tbu Wool-Buyers’ Association of the State of Michigan, held-at Ana Arbor, In compliance with an Invitation from *hc Michigan Wool-Growers’ Association,-the following Pre amble and Kales »eie adopt d to be presented to the Wool-Growers’ Association for mutual con sideration : WntiiEA?, It la desirable that the wool-buyers and *he «ooJ-growtrs of 'he stale actmhannoav and In He growing, handling and di-poeal of wool shall enter tain similar views as to the condi Hon In which to pat the wools of the State into market, the Wool-Borers’ Association do hereby present to the Woof-Growers’ Association and Agricultural Society the following general roles, and recommend their adoption for acceptance by (he tamers of the State in preparing tncirwool for matkot.- 1. Sheep should not be allowed access to the straw stack,- especially of barley and bearded wheat i. All sheep, except perhaps bucks, - should be well washed, it practical) c. In cmnniue slreom, and as early In toe season os the weather will per mu. 3. Sheep should be shorn, weather permuting, within six to ten days alter washing. 4. At the time of shearing tue fleeces ehouio.be cartful!* rolled up as snugly os practicable with out being too lightly pressed, wound withhghl colorcd strong t« he out twice each way around the fleece, carefully excluding all dead wool ana unwashed tags. Wc recommend the concurrence of the growers to the followlt g nUe< adopted by the wool-buyers of the State, made necessary br ite similar roles o<‘ munufactuiurs and Eastern dealers: I. A reduction of one-half on unwashed hacks’ fleeces. 2. A deduction of onc-*blrd on all other nn waj-hed wool, or excluFivdy gummy or heavy wool, or badly coned fleeces, or other uncondi tioned wool p.ade unmerchantable by an excessive n*e of twine or by stuffim; with or dead wool. In purchasing wool Ibnn prepared for market :o pay a pike me pocilooatc to its reWtivo worth is to texture, sircDcin and other desirable qpali ici>. Wc believe mat to conform to theic rules on the part ol growers and buyers will largely add 10 ibe reputation and worth as wtil as to the ei harced value In the trice of the wools of the Stale, and Imgeiy increase aim tenew the former firetcrencc of many Eastern consumers In secor nc the dins or Michigan. (Signed) J. D. Standtsu, , ) ILiJ. Aldrich, J-Commiltoe. John Starkweather, ) DISCUSSION OF THE REPORT. Mr. Stuart thought that some oftbe-res olutions were very proper and some very un fair. It was injurious to the fleece to allow sheep to run among straw stacks, as it would receive chaff and straw which would he difficult to get out. lie also thought that the time of shearing could not be fixed, os it must vary according to circumstances; also that the price ol bucks’ fleeces could .not properly he fixed as they differed materially in value. Hu also objected to making such difference between washed and unwashed llceccs. as some could not be washed, being very oily. Between the value of washed and unwashed wool, the difference was not one-fifth of one per cent. He doubted whctherwool-huyersand wool-growers could be brought to a con mou basis. The buyers did not make anything like a proper dis crimination in regard to the value of wool. They were instructed by the manufacturer to buy at a certain price. They would pay fifty cents for a clip worth only thirty, and the same for one worth sixty-two cents. They djd not discriminate, and they had not the ability or experience to discriminate even if they had the inclination; and the manufacturer would not do it if they did. Wool is not worth as much really os It was before the war by teu to fifteen cents, while cloth Is worth irom fifty to one hundred per cent more. Manufacturers control the situ ation, and pay what thev choose. There are larce Importations. The amonnt produced in this country is nut one-half of that manu factured. Mr. Johnston gave the following figures, showing the amount imported Into the United States: In 1804, 74,033,047p0und5; in 1865, 45,000,000 pounds; in 180(1, 55.803,284 pounds. The total amount produced in the United States in 1566 was 137,000,000 pounds, of which only about one-half was pure wool, or 08,500,000 pounds. Mr. Meßraw, of the wool-buyers, defended some of the statements in the resolutions, and said that out of 874,000 pounds of wool which he had bought in the State nearly nine per cent was unmerchantable. The number of sheep in Michigan that are un washed is very great. He could not agree with Mr. Stuart. He knew that washed wool frequently sold for double the price that the unwashed would bring. He thought that the growers and buyers could unite. He considered that there was a difference of one-thud against unmerchantable wool, and he made a discrimination in purchasing. Sir. Stuart, of the wool-growers, said that until the buyers made a lair difference be tween clean wool and dirty wool which weighed perhapsaquartermore, the growers would have nothing to do with them. If the buyers would agree to discriminate between the clean and the unclean the growers would do their best to put their wool in good con dition. Wool is not worth as much now as before the war, while clolh Is worth 81.65 now Instead of 81.35 then. Mr. Standish, of the wool-buyers, did not know that they could moke any agreement unless the growers would ho honest and tukealower rate forthclrpoorwool. Other wise they should have to get the wool for what they could and make no discrimination in price. Mr. Gardner, of Janesville, a wool-manu facturer, thought that the differences be tween growers and buyers might be recon ciled. Honesty was the best policy for both parlies. The margins of manufacturers were now hardly living rates. It is much cheaper in the end to wash.wool. The Convention then adjourned until evening. VISIT TO TUB STATE UNIVERSITY. After adjournment the members proceeded to visit the University of Michigan, by invi tath nof the President, Rev. Dr. tlaven. This institution consists of four departments, the scientiQc. literary, medical and law, and has, during the present year, 1,233 students, about one-half of whom are from other States. No charge is made lor tuition, and tbc grade ot instruction, and the iacilitlcs in the way of apparatus and Faculty, number ing thirty prolessors, are very high. The chemical laboratory is probaoly tno most complete in the United States, and the cabi net is very large and contains very choice collections. The statue of Nydla, by Rogers, in the Art Gallery, is a magnificent work of art. The Institution Is finely located on grounds containing forty acres, but the buildings, though commodious, arc not of a very elegant style of architecture. The University is a great addition to this beau tiful city of eight thousand inhabitants, and a valuable means of instruction for the peo ple of the State and other States. EVENING BESbION, The Convention met and took up singly the four resolutions offered by the wool-buy ers, and adopted them without material change. - DISCUSSION OP THE RULES. The four rules recommended by the buy ers were then considered, and occa sioned much debate. The first, pro posing a deduction of one-half on back’s fleece, was earnestly discussed, the growers protesting strongly against it, claiming that that fleece was not necessarily more ollvor dirty than others, and should sell for as much when it is worth as much. Mr. Stuart offered tbc following resolution to tase the place ot the first three of the four rules.: Reasonable deduction should hetoado on sc. const of onwarhod or unmgichaaUWa condition This dfcncllon to be determined, however, ac cording to the quality and condition in each case, and not by my arbitrary mb* of deduction to oe applied Indiscriminately In all ca«es. Some very plain and earnest talk took glace on the resolution,' and though the do* ale was on wool the spirit of the lamb was bj no means shown* I - i .. Mr. McGiaw, a buyer, sold that be met farm pm all over the state who in dealing .with wool were cither dishonest or fools. Much of their wool was unmerchantable, 'and the bnyers were obliged to cat down the prices often one-third. The [former has got the idea that be can get as much for grease •Pd dirt as ho can for wool, and be practiced on this idea. He wanted It decided that all unmerchantable wool should be “shrunk” ose-lbird. ‘ ~lfr. Hill did not like to have rules laid down for the farmer. He did: not believe in ■ being afraid of Eastern men who come here with borrowed money In their pockets. ■ The poor iarmer. who was not so \ sharp in busi ness matters os the buyers, was apt to get cheated. The great balk of the wool is not bought by the manufacturers bat by a set of speculators, who are ready to cheat when they can. Ilia business affords the best pay to the- men who don’t workj bnt the pro ducers ought .to make the money. The wool len manufacturers of New England have an Immense, amonntof money—dividingforty to fifty per cent. They, have a large stock on hand, and, anticipating a decline, are crying down the price of wool. Mr. Wood thought that there were honest men among both buyers and growers. The State had been losing its reputation lately by sending wool to market in bad condition. He thought that sheep sbould'bc sheared about the first of May. If growers and buyers would come up to tbe point of furnishing the best wool and paying the best prices for it, it would be much better for both. He bad raised one pound of wool to four pounds of animal. Mr. Hcndryx said that if manufacturers would buy wool as others bought wheat paying according to Us worth—the difficulty would be obviated. Mr. McGraw said that he bad decided to btry no wool that was not In good condition ; he should not take a poorly prepared article unless at a corresponding deduction. The interests of growers, buyers and manufactu rers were the same in respect to the quality of wool. Mr. Gardner, a manufacturer, sold that manufacturers could not afford to pay more than fifty cents a pound. He thought that buyers and growers should unite and try to build up a good market in the State. Colonel Dickey said that growers mast cither put their wool in better condition or submit to lower prices. Mr. Wood said that It cost from one and a half to two dollars a year to keep a sheep, and if tbe fleece war light, as the mannfoc turers preferred, it would not pay. He hoped that they would not go back to rais ing the light-wool Saxony sheep. Mr. Ambrose thought that It cost at least two dollars and a half to- keep a sheep, and that fifty cents per pound would not pay. The question of adopting the amendment for the first three rules, ana alsoine last rule, was then carried In the affirmative. The discussion ou the difference la price to he paid-between different grades of wool was continued for romc time without any definite agreement,- and the Convention adjourned until half past eight to-morrow morning, when the subject* ot fruit, graia'and wheal growing, and of duty upon wool, will be taken up. THIRD DAY. Akx Arbou, Mlcb., February 15. The Convention of AgricolturaSits- aod Wool-growers was called to order atmine o’clock this morning, »od the subject of tariff on wool taken up. It was voted that the action of therCon veution last nsg3t,ln reward to w'oolbetrftns , rallied to thcEastern Manufacturers’ Asso ciation, and published io the Eastern papefs.- MSTAWTI’. Hon. C. E. Stuart' offered the following; resolution: ltnolrtd % lhal in any huiffSffJ which Congress may pass at its pretent session tbe duties on -.*O9P . ought to be equal to those prop>ed in the House bill of lost session. Dr. Jeffries said he was a free trade and hard currency man, but he thought that if other things were protected wool ought to i be. Mr. Stewart thought it was* not wise to In crease the tariff. He- thought that Mr. Morrill stated the truth when he said that the country was more prosperous in IBCO nnder a fifteen per cent tax than now under » fifty-eight per cent tax. He considered a tariff a tax upon labor. Increasing prices in proportion, so that nothing was gained by it. Bnt he did not'suppose that any action which the Convention might take could ; reach Con gress in time to produce any effect r and be thought that the Tariff Bill would pass at any rate. - The resolution of Mr. Stuart’ was then passed unanimously, and the subject of tariff was dropped. 1 conversed-with some of tte-lcading wool growers, and they expressed themselves op posed to n protective tariff. They think it strange that this universal Yankee-notion, with its diversified and boundless natural products, should not be able to livewithout swindling each- other. They allege 1 that they arc paying premiums and-bountles* on manufactured-articles for the-benefit of manufacturers without a corresponding profit for themselves. It will be seen that their resolution -dbca not ask for an increased tariff on wool as just or desirable per only that, in-caseit Is increased on other articles, their- interest may be equally favored, and not discrimin ated against for the benefit of other things. The framer of tho resolution said- plainly, that he was entirely opposed to the protect ive tariff system. TILLAGE A!TI> GRAIN GROWING. The subject oftfllage and grain growing was then taken up. Mr. Adams, of Climax, whoso farm took the first premium at the State Fair, cave * bis experience in wheat growing. He bows about seven pecks to the acre. He advocated very strongly tbe use of plaster as a fertilizer. He added to his wheat ground every year one hurdred .pounds of plaster and: hod found it to produce a much larger crop. On. one piece of land of fifty six acres, which looked very badly in the spring, by the-use of plaster bo bad raised thirty-eight bnsaetoof wheat to tbe acre. He did not plow- very deep, especially for coen; uses the roller with good effect, and a narrow drill making the rows only six inches apart. Mr. Arnold thongbt that drilling was infin itely better than broad-cast rowing, and.when the rows were crossed he found the wheat-to stand better. Hu thought that if the land was in perfect order and.the see good, three pecks of seed were as good as two bushels, for but a small portion of the grains could grow if they sprouted. If tho land was in thin condition he wouldsow more. Mr. Uendryx gave bis- method of raising turnips. They were especially valuable,-.be cause they could be kept until June as fresh us when first dag. He take? a piece of'old sod ground and'covers it with sheep , and stable manure os thick as be can plow it un der, rolls it down narrows. About the last of June or the first of July he sows the turnips. If possible just before a rain, rolls it down lightly, drills It, thins out when- up, leaving the plants about eighteen inches apart, keeps clean with a cultivator,.and sows the seed very thick. ,He has taken forty bushels liom a row forty rods long. Considers the turnip very wholesome l food lor cows, sheep and other animals- He thinks that the lly appears, in the turnip when It is sown- in old ground. After being dug • they must not be covcred-too warmly in. a. cellar. He keeps them in the field, piled up- high and covered wiih dry straw and a thin, layer of dirt, leaving a small bole for ventilation. Never leave but one plant in a place in the field. Feed the turnips by cutting up in a machine and putting in the sheep or cattle troughs. Mr. Green said he had lost two-very fine sheep by feeding too much turnips. The/ hurst their bladders. Mr. Hemiryx thought that a bushel and a half of wheat seed here was requisite to the acre ; be thought three pecks was never enough ; four quarts of timothy to the acre was about right. He raised this year 4,000 bushels of rutabagas on seven acres. He plants four kernels of corn ia. a bill. On thirty acres Tie raised 3,000 bushels of fine com. Mr. "Wood plants corn about May loth. Planting well' saves one hoeing. If it Is too deep It will not come np and if too shallow it will dry np. He would not let boys plant his com. This year be raised 700 bushels of com on six acres, and thirty bushels of wheat to the acre. Ho sows about a bushel each ol clover and timothy to six acres, and he bos cut three tons to the acre. He plants com three feet and a half apart each way. Mr. Green, the chairman, made some re marks on grain growing und tillage. Thor ough tillage is tho great requisite. The three great propositions which must be urn. derstood by the,farmer are drainage, when necessary, careful Ullage and thorough ma nuring. He differed from most of the speak ers In one thing. When land Is rich be puts in more seed than when it is lean, as it can carry the load better than a thin soil. He would plow not more than six or eight inch es deep ; fourteen inches was too deep, as he bad found by trial. He bad known land that was nnderdrained to yield two- hundred bushels of com per acre. Hr. Jeffries thought that three kernels of com to the hill would yield better than more. Mr. Johntson thought that more attention should be paid to improving wheat seed. The wheat crop of Michigan is worth more than any other. In 1605 it was reported at $27,000,000, while the wool crop was $3,600,000. He gave instances to show that by a careful selection of the best kernels of wheat, the yield had been brought up to sixty-five bushels per acre, and from thirty-five grains to the head to one hundred-and forty. It has been found In England that drainage increases the tem perature from three to live degrees, so that gross and other crops start sooner. It also darkens the soil, by opening It to the action of air, and this increases the luxuriance of growth. The greater attention paid to drainage and the selection of seed nos pro duced great improvement in England. In 1610 the average crop of wheat was seven teen bushels to the acre, and now It is thir ty-three bushels, with instances of seventy seven bushels. While we average from fif teen to twenty.fivc bushels of oats, there they raise from seventy-five to one hundred and twenty-five bushels. Mr. Green cautioned the farmers not to trust too much to tbe seed. Good seed with poor tillage will produce poor crops. THE GRADING OP WOOLS. Mr. Hill offered a resolution recommend ing the grading of wool by numbers similar to the methoa used in wheat baying. Dr. JcffrieAibJected to putting any power In tbe hands of the buyers to cut their throats. He thought the resolution would work as was the case with wheat buyers of Chicago. All wheat that was brought to them they bought for No. 3or No. 3, but Itcy sold it all lor No. 1. It was also objected by otberstbat it would be impracticable to so classify, as there were several different species of wool os well as different conditions. The resolution was finally withdrawn. SHEEP SHEARING FESTIVAL. It was voted that a Sheep Shearing Festi val be held under the auspices of tbe Wool- Growers’ Association, on the first Tuesday of May, and the President of the Wool.Grow ers* Association was instructed to appoint a committee of nine to make the necessary ar rangements for time and place. THE CENTAL STSTESf. Mr. Morrow offered the- following reso lution ; £etdredi That this Convention approves of the aclion cf the various Beards of Trade of the coon try, in reaching to boy and fell grabs of all k’ndr bj ike cental or btmdrrd pontda. Instead of by meUQ'e,and «iU cooperate with them la en d« avoring to aecore the general adoption of this system. The resolution was unanimously adopted. pdbucatiok or pbockedixqs. Omnotioa of Mr. Johnston, a committee of three was appointed to snm up tbe re sults of the Convention, to be published in the papers, and in the proceedings of tbe State Agricultural Society, consisting of tbe following gentlemen: Messrs. Johnston, Starkweather and Arnold. VARIOUS MATTERS. A committee of three of this Convention was appointed to confer with the committees of the state Agricultural Society and Wool- Growers’ and Wool-Bnyera’ Association, in regard to a future Convention. Resolutions of thanks to the officers, the citizens of Ann Arbor, the reporters, and the President of the University, were passed, and at noon the Convention adjourned, after a profitable session of two days and a half. AXN ARBOR Is one of the most beautiful rural cities in the Union. Its location is high and health ful, the scenery pleasantly diversified, and the tone oJ society of a high moral and lit erary order. The Gregory House, which is the only hotel claiming to be first-class. Is a soacions and handsome building, and an. agreeable stopping place for tbe traveller. Mr. Gregory, the proprietor, is an old resident of Chicago, where he kept the United States Hotel, which nsed to stand on the corner of Lake and Randolph streets, and also another hutcl on Randolph street, and he was con nected with tbe Tremoot House, when it stood where tbe American Express Com pany’s office now Is. He is a brother of Mrs. Ira Couch, of Chicago. • AN APPAJLLIAG TRAGEDY* A Ulan Border* fits Family and Com mits Suicide* (Dtookfirld (Mo.) Correspondence (Feb. 13) of the Missouri Democrat.,] On Sunday noon, the 10th instant, Linn County wes made the scene of one of the most cellberate and cold blooded atrocities that ever occurred in this or auy other coun try- About five miles northwest of this town, lived one Sidney S. Nichols, a native of Ken tucky. aged filly-four years; Jcnsey Nichols, his third wife, aged about fifty years; Sarah Jane Nichols, daughter of Sidney S., by a former marriage, aged sixteen years; and two boys, Nicholas Young and Thos. Young, sens of Jcnsey Nichols bj a former marriage, aged respectively twelve years and nine jeors. Sidney S. Nichols was the owner of a fine farm, with a good dwelling-house upon it, where the parties were living, and is esti mated to have been worm from ten to fifteen thousand dollars. He seems to have been possessed of a most wicked and vindictive disposition, was quar relsome with his neighbors, and has, in fact, for a long time been a perfect terror to the neighboring farmers. He had so maltreated his last wife, Jcnsey FHchols, that, until a month pass, they had not lived together fora long time, but a com promise ban been effected, and slier had gone* back to bis house, tiking wi<U her her two soni r Nicholas and Thomas Young. In cabin lived James Nichols, aged twenty-six years, a son of Sidney 3:, and on Sunday morning he went to bis father’s lor tha purpose of getting Nicholas and Thr mas Young toassbt him in moving Into another cabin on the same farm. JenseyNichols..their mother, objected to’ tbelr going, giving as a reason her dislike’of James’wire,-which brought about an alter cation between.the old couple, but the two hoya finally- went with James, leaving the old couple Will quarrelling) and his daugh ter Sarah Jane alone in* the house. Their qoarrel of words- finally embraced in Its scope questions touching the ownership ! of certain real estate, of which she accused ' him of trying to- defraud her. Upon this be ' told her he world not stand such talk much : longer, and, rising from his chair, went to a ; bureau drawer, aud took thereirora a navy : revolver. His daughter begged him not to ishoot, but was told : to get out ofthe way or > he would shoot her.' She rushed out of doors, f and : immediately heard the report ofthe pis tol,-when looking into the door or window, she saw her stepmother lying on thf? tloor. Sbo at once ran to her brother James’ house and told him* what bad happened, when they started back toward- the-noose, aed eoowmet their father. He told bis son wfcut-he had done, and* called for the two bovs,-Nicholas and Thomas, to- come with him- if- they wanted to see their mother again. l They went with 1 him. followed by Sarah* Jane, James returning' to bis own house: - When the daughter reached the honse-sbe looked In, an-b- saw them* all sit ting in chairs around the fire-place,. the old woman having risen from the floor; Sarah Jane bsiog afraid to go it?, went behind the house, when she was still • further - teirifled by hearing three more shots, when- she started again to run to James; but was stopped by her Cither, who came out of the house with-a tin box in bis hand, which ho told her contained his deeds and papers, and he told herhe bad shot his wile and the two boys, and was going to shoot himself: He then kissed-his- daughter and bade her good bye, he returning to his houseand she-* run ning to And- her brother. After she-left the house?’tho • monster dragged the bodies of his wife and two boys out into tho yard, laying them side by side on the gnus f ond, just as James with'some neighbors cams- bnrrving to the scene,- thsy saw him stand erect by the side of the pros ttate bodies, place the muzzle of-the revol ver to hia own bead, fire, amt fall by-the side of his victims- When they were*rcached- Jife was extinct in the old man. in hw mie and in the youngest boy. The oldest boy, Nicholas, still lirgers, but thenbysicians say there Is no hope of Lis recovery. This would seem to form a chapter or horrors that would satisfy the most insa tiable lover of onch tales of cruelty and; blood, but since this event bus occurred ad ditional stories are told of him, which ap pear entirely credible and In perfect keep ing with the character of this fiend.* His first wife, when one day on her way to a neighbor’s house, was attacked on tberoad.’ by some one in woman’s garb, whocame sud dcnly from the brush by tbe roadside, and-was so terribly beaten by a hickory pole: that she lived bnt a short time afterwards, and 1 It has always been supposed that It was her husband who administered the beating; His second wife bad been dangcroaslrill of a fever, and, while lying very low, he oh* day took her from her bed, .bolstered her np-io- a chair, which be placed close before the fife p’ace, and then, kindling up a roaring-hot fire, went away aud left her. She was found in this position, dead, by some neighbor who chanced to come in. His old father was one day taken violently ill with a congestive chill. Some one-ofthe family or neighbors- went for a physician, and, as it happened to he- during a time of high water when the creek near his house was Impassable except bv the use of af.ilien tree across the brarcb, he went with his axe and chopped olf one end of this tree, drop ping it into the stream, so that the doctor failed to reach the bouse until the next day, when the old man was found dead- There arc slQl other rumors afloat, appar ently well founded, of throwing one of his sons on the fire and burning him to death, of cruel mistreatment to a little girl that lived in his family until finally taken away by or der ot the court, oi an unsuccessful attempt to poison his third wife but a short time ago. But I only allude to these latter items Co as sist in giving your readers and.tbe- public generally some idea ot “what manner of man” he must nave been. XflE WAK IS COREA* Withdrawal of the Preach. Troops* | From the North China Herald..l The Resent seems determinecLto resist all attempts to penetrate IntoCorea. A general levy ot men had been ordered, and the peaceable appearance of the country very soon began to chance. Detachments of sol diers, headed by officers on. horseback, ap peared on the left bank ol the river, and the inhabitants of the Island of- Kaoghoa grad ually disappeared from their labors of culti vation. Spies brought in word that troops were advancing to attack, tho French posi tion. Admiral Rozc, therefore, ordered a reconnaissance to be made across, the river, along the road leading.to Seoul; and on the 20th. of October abont 120-men were detached to elect a landing. The- whole line of the river opposite the French camp Is flanked by a crenelated wall with a* large gateway and & jetty advancing Into, the river. The French boats’crews had re peatedly landed there and bad not seen acy troops. No resistance,therefore.was expected and Insufficient precautions were taken, to make the landing successful. Tbc vanced within thirty yards of the gateway, when the line of wall seemed alive with -men. and a galling Are was- poured down on the French, wounding twenty-five and kill ing two of the crews. One boat managed to get to the jetty, and some sailors having been formed on shore, they rushed through the gateway which was left open.and at tacked the Coreans with their baronets, kill ing twenty and wounding others,.aud put ting the rest to flight. The reccnnoitcring party proceeded no further, but returned to Kangh'oa. The next day a spy come in and reported that 300 more troops had landed daring the night, and that an attempt would be made by a further in crease of troons to dislodge the French from Kanehoa. Another reconnolsaancc was or dered by the Admiral, and if&disastrous ter mination was, perhaps, the cause of the with drawal of the french troops from a position that seemed no longer tenable with the forces that the Admiral bad at bis disposal. The reconnolterlng party of about 150 men ad vanced In the direction of a fortified pagoda, where the Coreans were supposed to, he lodged. No signs were to be seen of troops, and the French bad reached a retiring angle of the fort, within 120 yards of the-walls, when the ramparts were suddenly manned by about 500 Corean soldiers, and a heavy fire poured upon them. At the first volley 35 Frenchmen fell. Three were killed, the rest wounded, and amonsst these were five officers. The ground where the French re ceived this fire was quite open without any cover for the men, and the commander or dered a rear movement to get under a ridge about 300 yards distaut. The Coreans per ceiving this started from the fort walls, and about ISO of them sallied out in pursuit of tbe French. They were quickly received with a volley of rifle bullets, and they short ly after retreated inside the fort, leaving their dead. Abont 25 of the Coreans who rushed out against the French were clad In armor, consisting of helmets, breast-plates, and thigh and arm pieces. Tbe Canada Gold Fever. [Toronto Correspondence of the New York Times.] The gold fever is increasing, and tbe open ing of spring will witness a great influx of strangers to Central Canada, which Is now found to be rich in the auriferous deposit. In addition to Madoc, gold has been dUcov cred near Sydenham, Township of Lough borough, in the United Counties of Lenox andAcdingtoo.and not far from Kingston. The opinion prevails, that gold having been discovered, there is a sure indication of its being plentiful all through the wild and barren tract of country extending northward from that point. It is now clearly shown that gold is to bo bad In abundance at Madoc; hence the belief that a plentiful sup ply will be found further back. Since the publication of M. Michel's opinion there nos been considerable excitement upon this Snestion of a gold discovery, and there U no oobt whatever that thousands will soon flock into tbe Madoc district. The-Govern ment axe blamed for selling tho lands la bulk, and thus enabling a few to monopolize the part where gold has been found; but It will tnm ont tfiat the Government did not part with any lands after it was known that gold was to be had. and they * ill be careful not to part with any more unless at ranch higher prices than was formerly paid* Certain reg ulations will be made with regard to those lands, and speculation will not receive much encouragement from the Government, as those who choose to enter upon It will soon find ont. Preparations arc going forward for working the Richardson mine by the Chicago Company. The gold U found in the quartz# and a machine for crushing it is to be set at work as early as practicable. FOREIGN TTFIT3 Great destitution exists throughout Italy. In Venice thirty thousand people exist on public charity. In Saidinla the people axe compelled to live, like beasts, on roots and herbs. Even tbe Government journals of Turin aod Florence say that’'hunger is the order of the day,” and call upon the Minis try to do something that will prevent fam ine. A season ticket to the Paris Exhibition, in cluding admission on the day of opening, costs sixty francs. Is strictly personal, and accompanied by tbe signature or photo graphic representation of tbe owner. _ During tbe Emperor’s seventeen days so journ at Compiegne. the hunting party, num bering nine guns, killed no less than seven thonsand and nine head of game. Jeirchon, the Danish sculptor. Is now tbe fashion at Rome, since he has been patron ized by the Princess of Wales. His Adam and Eve and Girls Bathing are well spoken of. The Empress Eugenic Is said to have re cently purchased .lor three hundred and sixty pounds a pocket book given by Marie Antoinette to the Marqaice dc Chairman?, f ovemess of the Count d’Artois’ children m 781. The Dutch are said to be ai present saffer ing under a visitation of both the leprosy and the rinderpest. The former is supposed to have been brought by a soldier from the West Indies, where this frightful malady is becoming prevalent. Tbe Chinese have numerous diseases of the eves; every fifth man having some ocular defect, and every fifteenth losing his sight altogether. They attribute it to'the exces sive use of rice and constant shaving. The total number of deaths from tire fam ine in India is credibly estimated as one million from its commencement In October, 3SCS, to the dale of the latest accounts. Much of the tuifcring Is due to the wilful in action of British officials. A crinoline marnfactnrcr in Saxony, dur ing the last ten years, has m-»de 5‘J3.7*4,000 hoop skirts springs—enough to go round the world thirteen and a half i imes.' The tallow tree of China lias been intro duced into India. The tallow produced from It is said to be excellent la quality and to burn with a clear, bright. Inodorous flame, without smoke. Thcleavcs arc valuable as a dye. A Parisian housekeeper, finding his coals rapidly disappearing; placed In his cellar several petards of his own raanuficture, made to resemble coal’. SB*b after a vio lent explosion was heard in the porter’s ledge, where the stover,- pipe and all, had been blown up. The efmttrqie was arrested. Had the latter been exploded along with the stove, the consequences to the" experi mental neighbor might have been serious. The famous gofld-las of Venice ar? to be replaced by steam tugs, so adieu to romance In the city of an hundred Me*. Twenty thousand of tbe Sultan's t-’oops are said to have perished already in the San dman war, and yet Candia is as far os ever from being captured. Slam will be represented by thirty-five tons of goods In the Paris Exhibition. The Paris Exposition building covers twice as - much ground as the London Crystal Palace. The present population of Ceylon is esti mated ata iittleovertwo million, “almost,” as an English paper profoundly observes, “all coloredpeoi'le-.” Late researches in the neighborhood of Chalons bawled to the discovery of Gaulish and Gallo-Roman burials to the extentof one thousand five hundred bodies, with all the objects of art usually accompanying- such corpses. The Gaulish bodies are buried oa heights' near a' water course; the Gallo- Boram’rti' the plain without particular ar rangement. PERSONAL. The ramor of Hon. Charles Sumner’s re-" tiremcct from public life at tbe close of hia firesent Senatorial term is generally credited' n ‘Washington, where, it is said, he has made tbe statement to a number of his friends. His intecifan.it is-addcd,!s to visit Eu rope in December of IBS), and remain abroad for at least five years, part of which time he trill spend- in ccr-eultlug the continental libraries, preparatory to writing a work of his own, semi-political and semi-literary, on the history of slavery, from the earliest times down to its suppression in the United Slates. Bayard Tcslor sailed-for Europe in the steamer Union on Saturday. He will remain abroad about a-year and half, spending the ensuing sprinffand summer in Germany, and the autumn aud winter in Italy. He will also make excursions to places not hitherto visited by him for the purpose of writing a series of papers for the Atlanta ITarAhhj. Prince Napoleon Eugene Louis Jean Joseph was born-March 15, 18315. He was made a private* in the French Imperial Guards while yet in arms, aud before he was eight years old Led’ become a non-commis sioned ofllcer In bis regiment. He has al ready oecn Instructed ib several handicrafts, amonc which is type-setting. IT? is re pro* sented as good-teurpered, “intelligent, and much attached to his friends and chuscu companions. Mrs. Salome Spinning, of Bridgeport, and Mr. Barlow Jcnnings,-of Danbury, are said to be belts to the estate of the Duke of Marl boiougb, valued at S3O-.000.000. A son of CorLclius-Vaiidcrbilt has testified before the LcgislaMiro that his lather owns half tbe Harlem Railway and seventeen thousand shares ofthe Hudson-River. Mrs. Lauia E. Lyman, of Stamford, Conn., has won the $t)00 prize-offered by the Amer. ican Agriculturalist for the best essay on housekeeping. The Rev. Robert Lowell, Dl She author t ofthe “New Priest,"‘aud brother of Profes sor J. R. Lowell, h*s fcecn invited to take the professorship of Philosophy and Belies Lctties iu Raciuc College.. ' Lieutenant Colonel 0* W. Holmes, Jr., of the Massachusetts militia,, has been brevet ed colonel. Miss Kellogg Is goingtoEnrope. ArtemusWurd is uow laboring under so much irritation of the macou* membrane of the tocsl and respiratory organa as to ■wholly unfit him for public speaking, and his medical adviser: has consequently urged him to suspend for- a.few weeks his enter tainment at the Egyptian Hall, to afford him on opportunity of recovering his health, when Le.can again resume kls lectures. Professor Samuel, Gilman. Brown, D. D., has accepted tho-Presldency of Hamilton College as the successor, of Hr. Fisher. The latest rumor is that young Bennett’s fame has won the. heart of an English girl, whose father Is a .member of Parliament, ami whose wealth is of a nature to satisfy the most avaricious mind,, and that he is to bring her back with him as Mrs. J. G. 8., Jr- Another accideut occurred January 23d. to Miss Menkes at the Galete Theatre during the performance of- the “Phates de la Savane.” Her horse again fell, and this time the rider did not escape unhurt; she had an. car cut, and an arm andleg severely bruised, and was not able to reappear again that evening. The Augusta Pr«a understands that the eminent divine, Rev. W. 11. .Harrison, is looked upon as the successor of tne lute lamented Right Rev. Stephen Elliott, Bishop ol Georgia." Whittier is said, to be about to marry & widow whom he courted lUrty years ago, when she was a maid. MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. Tie librarian of.the New York Port Socie ty has round a sailor who once mined in Cal ifornia and spent twenty-live th- usand dol lars, bullion. In rum. The librarian took, him by the band, made him sign tbe pledge*, and was told that he was the first man to speak a kind word for years. A Mrs. Welby kicked a conductor in the mouth at Freeport, Pa., because he wouldn’t permit herself and husband to get on. tho train without showing their tickets. Erench savants offer a reward of 20.000 francs for the best essay on the “regenera tion of the bone-”. They declare amputa tion can he superseded by tho creation of new bune. Theyhavaa “snow-shoe expr3sa”in tho monotonous regions of Oregon, and Cali fornia. The United States has a greater length of railways-than all other countries together. A pernicious plaything for little ones hi? been Invented under the fit title of Satan’s Tears, which, on beltg thrown into the water, burns and explodes, scattering red hot fragments around. A colored man, formerly President Lin coln’s barber. Las been made a clerk la the Treasury Department at Washington—the first instance on record of a negro man’s ob taining a clerkship under the Government. A lad while being interrogated on tbe wit ness stard in a court at Columbus, Ohio, last week, became disgusted with his legal ques tioners, said “it waaall foolishness,” putoa . bis bat. rushed out of tbc room and escaped : on horseback, though hotly pursued by con stables. A space of 1,131,000 square miles is said to be around the North Pole, which is cow a hiark on cur maps. Dabloncga, Georgia, Is crowded with mi ners, and every night presents tench the ap pearance of a mining town in California. A sulphur well at Newport, Canada West, discharges two hundred and fifty thousand gallons of sulphur water daily. Summer seaside watering placet arc al ready beginning to advertise in tbe Boston papers. Two apprentices, who went out for a sail io tbe small boat of a vessel lying at a Phil adelphia pier, were picked up three days, af terward one bnndrca miles out at sea. A Mr. NichoHon proposes to give Cleve land, Ohio, for tbe purpose of a public p\rk, two hundred acres of ground, provided the city wi 1 spend in improvements SIO,OOO an nually for the next ten years. Mutilated and worn-out currency Is made into envelopes for tbe Treasury Department. Tbe value of tbe annual production of dia mends is estimated at SM(X),O3O. There are nearly twice as many newspapers published in tbe United States as in all the rest of the world together. Tbe Cleveland Herald sap: “The other day a treacherous piece of ice deceived the * understanding ’ of a handsome and well dressed lady, displaying the prettiest foot that ever trod the Rue de Superior, causing a sudden lurch, in an effort to regain a perpendicular, to rupture a miserably weak seam In her stocking, allowing Indian xncal to ponr out like flour coming down the spout ofaMerwln street mill. What will those poor ‘calves’ do for meal?” Norfolk is peaceful and happy with just seven hundred dogs. Ex-Governor Lubbock is now on auctioneer : n Houston. Texas. On Ibe 17th nit.. In Aceomac County, Vir ginia, while the whole earth was covered with snow, there was one of the severest thunder storms ever knownln that county ard the lightning struck In several places! Many people thought the end of the world was approaching. The Dally Rio Gnmde Courier published at Brownsville, Texas, costs $25 per annum. The Salt Lake Telegraph , Utah, only costs $lO per annum. -- 1