Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, February 22, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated February 22, 1867 Page 2
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Cljicaga tribune. DAILY, TEI-WEEKLY IHD WEEKLY. OFF ICE, Ho. 31 CLAUR-BT, T%era are three editions of the Tiaun tssaea. lit, Tery morning, for ciroaistjou hr camera, oevssm «Bi the mall*. 3d. The Txx-Wxxxlt, Mondays, Wed- and Fridays, for the malls only; and the *VnsLT,oaThnrsdays, for the malls and saleatoar conoter and by newsmen. Terms of the Cblnso Tribune t Dally delivered in the err* iper wee*) S 93 _**. “ •* “ (per quarter).... 3.33 T>alty, to mall subscribers (per aatom, paya- nle to advance) 19.00 Ttl.WeeUy.fper anenm. payable to advance) 0.00 Weekly, (per payable lo advance) 9.00 |W~ Fractional pamol the yearattneaame rates. Person* remlttja* and ordenut nve or more Copies of either the Tri-Weekly or Weekly edition*, may retain ten per cent of thesabscrlptioD price as a Commission. Moncs to scßscimots,—la ordering the address cl yoar paper* chanced, to prevent delay, be «ure and specify wlat edition yon take—i.eekly, Trl-WeoMy, or D«Uy. Also. aiveyoQrraxHxvandftituieaddrm Money, by Draft, Srpreu, Money orders, orla Ka*t*tered letter*, may be seat atomrisk. TRIBUNE Clk. Chicago* 111. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1867. XIIB BECONSTHBCTION BILL, The Reconstruction Bill finally adopted by both branfcbes of Congress, on Wednesday, by more than a two-thirds vote, underwent many and such rapid changes daring Us progress, that the general public were quite unable to keep up with it, and have not, probably, at this moment, a very clear idea of Us provisions. Elsewhere we publish it entire. The preamble declares that neither legal government nor adequate protection lor life or property now exists in the rebel States. The first section divides the rebel Slates Into Military Districts as follows : let District, Virginia ; 2d, Korlh and Sonth Car olina : 3d, Georgia, Alabama and Florida; 4th, Mississippi and Arkonsas;sth, Louisiana and Texas. The second section makes It duty of the President to designate an officer of the army, not below the rank of Brigadier General, to command each district, and to detail a sufficient mill lary foico to enable such officer to perform bis duties. Section third prescribes the du* ties of such commanding officers, requiring them to protect all persons in their rights of person snd property, to preserve peace and order, snd, when in hls opinion necessary, to organize military tribunals for the trial of offenders. Section fourth requires the speedy trial of persons arrested by military power, and forbids the infliction of cruel or unusual punishment. Section fifth provides that when the people of nay of the rebel States shall hold a Constitutional Conven- Uon, the delegates of which shall bo elected by the vote of all male citizens twenty- one years of age, regardless of race or color, except such as may bo disfranchised (by Slate laws) for participating In rebellion or fur felony at common law, and shall adopt a Constitution granting suffrage to all males of the proper age, regardless of race or color, and such Constitution shall have been ratified by the people, and the pending Constitutional Amendment shall have been ratified by such State and become a part cf tbo Constitution of the United States, then the Senators and Representatives of such State shall be ad mitted to Congress. Section sixth provides that military sentence of death shall not be carried into execution without the approval of the President. Section seven declares that until the people of said rebel States shall. by law, be admitted to representation in Congress, the civil Governments that exist therein shall be provisional only, “ and'shall “ be in all respects subject to the paramount “ authority cf the United Stater, which may “ atony time abolish, modify, control andsu •* persede the samethat in all elections to office under sneb Provisional Govern. moots, all persons shall be entitled to vote (find none other) who arc entitled under the fifth section—that Is to say, all males of proper age, regardless of color, who hare not been disfranchised by State laws for re- hellion or felony; and that no one shall hold office under such Provisional Govern- ment who w ould be disqualified by the third section of the pending Constitutional Amendment; that Is, no one shall be en titled to hold office who, h&vlng taken an official oath to support the Constitution of the United States, subsequently engaged In rebellion, or gave aid and comfort to the enemies of the United States. The reader will readily see that It asserts principles of the highest importance to the country. It has been our hope that Con- gress would Itself set the machinery of loyal Governments in motion, without waiting for the consent or cb-opemtion of the rebel pop* illation of the South. This was necessary to the protection of the loyal white men and negroes of the South, and was due to the nation. Bat while the measure in question Is wanting in this respect, it nevertheless as serts the power of Congress over the whole subject of rcconstrnciion, and expressly pro claims the illegality of the Governments, so called, set np by President Johnson. It does more than this: It recognizes and declares the territorial condition of the South, and makes 'all Governments now existing there or which may hereafter exist there, prior to the admission of the States to the Union, at all times subject to the authority and control of Congress. It is, to all intents and purposes, a declaration of tbc territorial theory advocated by tbe Chicago Tnincxs, for many months past, as tbc true basis of reconstruction. It makes universal suffrage tbe rule in all elections that shall hereafter be held in tbe South. It docs not disfranchise rebels, but only recog nizes the right of the States to disfranchise them. The only States which have done so arc Missouri, Tennessee and Maryland, nouc of which are affected by this hUI. On the whole, therefore, we must regard this as an important victory in behalf of thorough re construction on tbe basis of equal rights. It only needs another section providing for the immediate organization 01 Governments in accordance with Us provisions, to be com* plctc. But this work has been left for the Fortieth Congress to perform. There are some remarkable facts connected with the adoption of this bill, especially In the Senate. Beverdy Johnson, bv far the ablest Conservative In that body, separated from his friends and supported the measure. Neither Doolittle nor' Norton voted against It. Tbclr names do not appear on cither bide; they were evidently alarmed. Only seven men were found to record their names against It; Bnck&lew, Cowan, Davis, lion* dricks, Nesmith, Patterson and Saulsbury, and the vote stood 35 to 7, or five to one. In tbe Douse the vote was nearly three to one, being 125 to 40. It Is thus made evident that the President’s friends arc demoralized, and arc trimming their sails to the breeze. They sec It is useless to adhere to a lost cause, or to try* and stem the mighty -current of public opinion that has over whelmed them. Tbc President himself has lost heart, although it Is to be feared he is neither better nor wiser for his evident de spair. He has now to decide whether he wul meet the issue boldly, or avail himself of his privilege to pocket the measure and there let it die. It Is to he regretted t bat the hill did not pass within the constitutional ten days prior to the 3d of March; but there seems to he a prevalent belief that Mr. Johnson will promptly veto the bill, instead of letting it die a qnlct death, in order to give Congress an opportunity to act upon it before adjournment. lie doubtless secs that the passage of this or some similar measure Is only a question of time. On the 4th day of March he has to confront the Fortieth Congicss, more radical than this one, and elected on a direct issue between himself and the Legis lative branch of tbc Government. He knows that he can hope for nothing from tbe Fortieth Congress that he bad not quite as good a right to expect from its predecessor. There is no goi d reason, therefore, why he should take the odium of Inaction regarding a meas ure so vital to the country. He cannot serve his friends by sucb a course; and he well knows tbal if he promptly comes forward with his veto, he will throw upon Congress tbc full responsibility of ibis plan, while by inaction he will equally take the responsibil ity of Us defeat. The passage of this bill by such deceive majorities, shows that Congress had only to address Itself to the subject to arrive at a conclusion. Within a few days It prow from a naked proposition to govern tbc South by military rule, to a great measure for recon structing governments throughout the in surrectionary Stales. It la Imperfect, as wc have seen, but had there been more lime, we doubt not Ibis imperfection would have been remedied. Had there been no Reconstruc tion Committee, a better bill than this would probably have been made a law more than eix weeks ago. That committee has been a constant obstruction, and it was not until after Congress cut loose from U, that It was able to accomplish anything. Even If Mr- Johnson should strangle this bill, it will fur nish an excellent basts for the work of the next Congress. _ FBAVDCLEAT war claims, An attempted fraud upon the Government, has Just been disclosed at Nashville, which calls for Immediate Congressional Interfer ence The facta arc substantially these: From March 10, 16G3, to March 20,15G5, a Board of Claims sat at Nashville before which were presented twenty-two hundred claims representing four millions of dollars, about six per cent of which was claimed by loyal men. For some unknown reason the work of the Board was suddenly brought to a close, and since that Ume, the books and papers have been misplaced or lost, although a docket of awards and statement of character has been filed in the archives of the War Department, at Washington, up to December 10,1804. Since that Ume nearly all of these claims have been prepared in new shapes, remodelled and revised, certificates of loyalty in some cases procured, and sent to Washington to be collected by claim agents, and, of couree, will bo paid, unless they are Investigated by Ibc proper authorities. If this matter is allowed to proceed, the Government will eventually pay the entire amount of these claims, and, undoubtedly, numerous others which will be trumped up In nil pnrt-1 of Uio South. The omdal •wards of the Board of Claims show that Jnsl one-seventeenth of these clslms were presented by loyal men, by evidence which Is indisputable. It now remains for Congress to endorse by an act ■he findings of this Board, and save to the Government .boot three and a third millions of dollars. There is imminent danger that these claims will be hastily passed upon and paid. Congress should promptly close the doprupon this attemotcl swindle, do justice topoor loyal men by con firming the findings of the Board and paying them, aud dojusllce to rebel claimants by ignoring their claims and cancelling them forever. It will be economical in a financial ss well as a political point of view to recon struct the late rebels by looking after their claims and claim agents, especially where so large an amount of money Is involved as in the present ease. The payment will not only be in violation of law, hut will be the signal for a swarm of claims from all parts of the South founded upon the same fraudulent basis. OPERATIONS OF THE TARIFF LOBBY. Hon. David A. Wells, Special Commis sioner of Revenue, was directed by a resolu tion of Congress, passed July 13, 1860, “to “ prepare and report to Congress, either In 11 the form of a bill or otherwise, such modi ** flcatlons in the rates of taxation, or of the 44 methods of collecting the revenues, and “ such other facts pertaining to the trade, ** industry, commerce, or taxation of the “country, as he may find, by actual obsor “ vation of tho law, to be conducive of tho “ public interest.” The special instructions of the Secretary of the Treasury directed him 41 lo give the “ subject of the revision of the tariff especial “ attention and to report a bill which, if op. 44 proved by Congress, will he a substitute “ for oil acts Imposing customs duties, etc. 44 In the dhclmrgo of this duty you will con -44 alder tho necessity ol providing for a large, 44 certain and permanent revenue. * • Jf 44 this result can ho obtained without dolrl -44 went to the revenue by reducing taxation “ upon row materials and tho machinery of 41 homo production, rather than by Increasing 44 the rates on imposts, it would, In my “opinion, by decreasing tho cost of produc tion and increasing tho purchasing power “ of wages, greatly promote tho Interests of 44 the whole country.” In pursuance of tbo foregoing authority and Instructions he proceeded to his arduous tusk and expended five months In diligent research and Investigation Into the opera tions of our revenue laws. In conjunction with Messrs. Colwell, of Philadelphia, and Ilayce, of Chicago, ho had previously devoted inoie than a year to the same questions, lie is admitted by all to bo profoundly versed In the science of political economy ; and in all matters relating to taxation, Industry and resources of this country, he knows more than any man in or out of Congress. After the holiday recess of Congress, be submitted an elaborate and exhaustive re port, accompanied by a carefully drawn tarifl bill. The MU was framed with strict reference to revenue and protection. It was constructed with the view of raising the laipcst amount of revenue with the least dis tress to the taxpayers, or Injury to produc tlve Industry. Mr, Wells considered the necessities of the Government and the inter ests of the whole people rather than the gain of special classes. When the schedule of rates was .made public there was a general feeling of satisfaction. The advocates of protection were agreeably dis appointed to find that his bill was so near their views, and the low tariff men were glad that he had not been bought or bamboozled by the prohibitionists; but the latter were di-sallsficd. Nothing but class legislation would suit them. Rings were immediately Termed to send loblolsts to Congress to secure special privileges to cheat the reve nue and pluck the people. The attack was first concentrated on the Senate, which grad ually gave way, and day after day permitted the lobby vultures to tamper with the bill. Additional duties were stuck on one article afier another, not with the view of promot ing revenue, but for the express purpose of filching money from the people under color of law, regardless of the effect on the revenue. This nefarious work was continued until scarcely a vestige of the original bill re mained. Every Senator who aided and abetted the lobby knew and Mt In bis heart that he was doing a wrong both to the masses offals constituents and to the Gov ernment. He knew that the reason given for inflicting those exorbitant rates, that they would protect andfoster industry, was a fraudulent pretense, Intended to blind and deceive the people while the speculators picked their pockets. But the discreet and excellent bill pro pared for them with Immense labor and care by their talented Commissioner, after being all tattered and torn by tbe lobby sharks, pasted the Senate by a shameful majority. Tbc success of tbc lobby In the Senate only whetted Ihclrappctitclora big ger steal from tbe people, and they hare set to work upon the facile House, where they are absolutely allowed to frame the bl>l to suit themselves without let or hindrance. They have only to ask and It Is given, to knock and It is opened unto them. There is no maximum fixed, and the ouly re straint or limit Is that imposed by the lobby thieves themselves, who arc each endeavor ing to overreach and cheat the other. The Senate bill, bad ns 11 was. is almost “ tree trade” in comptnlson with some of the ira jH>sts agreed upon by the pickpockets and tbc Committee of Ways and Means. Heaven help the patient, tolling sons of la hor if this bill of abominations becomes a law. They will be plucked bare of the lasi pinfeather, and Insultingly Informed that tbc process protects and fosters American indus try! The member from this District is ooe of the ringleaders of the pillagers. The very lobby bavc to restrain bis ardor lor neaping up taxation mountain high. Old “Liberty and Economy” far surpasses tbc worst Penn sylvania or New England prohibitionist. Ho towers above their demands fer excessive taxation, even more than he docs above them in glraffc-llke altitude. But ■ some declare that he is playlt g a double pari; that bis game Is to give the so-called “protccllonists” such a dose, or rather purgative, of “high tariff” ns will cure them forever of their hankering after prohibitory imposts. Be this as it may, one ihing is very certain, it will relieve those from the West who help to crowd the dose down the public throat from ail cares nud jcrpcnsll'Hities of official life lor th* remain der of their days, including his highness of *hc Chicago District. Tk.V.MtSSIiS, Altera longstraggle between the pride o! caste and the principle of equal rights, the loyal white men of Tennessee have Anally resolved to admit their loyal colored allies to a participation in the Government of the State. They were powerfully Influenced iu coming to this conclusion by the fear horror it might be called, of falling under the rule of their Implacable enemies, the rebels. The blunder of the Union men of Maiyland was before their eyes, u blunder not to be repeated by them on their peril. .And now that the decisive step has been taVen and 55,000 loyal and trnc black Repab Means have been armed with the freeman’s weapon in time of peace, the ballot, the white Unionists breathe easier and feel that their future safety Is insured. With this powerful reinforcement they ore able to defy the Copperheads and rebels. They can meet their opponents at the polls, and In every part of the State cast vote against vote. The beauty uftbc political situation Is, ttaailn those por tions of the State where the rebel preponder ance over the white Unionists la greatest, and where help Is most needed, there the colored voters arc to be found In the greatest num bers. Take for example, the county of Shel by, in which is the pro-slavery city of Mem phis. According to the census of 1350, It contained 80,803 whites, and 17,003 colored inhabitants. The proportion of the latter class Is now considerably larger than It was seven years ago, but on the former basis there would bo 5,500 white voters, and 3,200 color ed. The white Union strength is about 1,500, which, added to the colored Unionists, make 4,700, against 4,000 dtsanionlsts. White Union men can hereafter ** come oat of their holes,” holdup Ihclrheads, and confront their disloyal opponents with hopes of success. Nashville, the State capital, is another Im portant point which can be redeemed from rebel control. The whites number 31,000, of whom one-third arc loyal, and the blacks 15,000, who arc all loyal. - Here the I,8X) white Union voters will bo reinforced by 3,000 colored votes. Even loyal and stead* fast Knoxville, the home of brave - old Crownlow, has secured an accession of 500 black Republican votes. The Western Congressional district below I Cairo, formerly represented by the apostate I Emerson Etheridge, and now by the gallant 1 Colonel Hawkins, U badly disloyal on the white basis; but the 4,000 loyal colored men in the district will secure a majority for the Republican ticket in spite of all the dis franchised rebels who may Illegally vote. The Sixth (Clarksville; District, with the exception of the Memphis district, is the worst rebel region In Tennessee. It Is now represented by that prince of Tennessee radicals, Uon. 8. M. Aroell, whose election was secured by a wholesale disfranchisement of the disloyal element. On the direct vote for and against secession in the spring of 1601, It voted for secession 14,123 to 3,023 for the Union. This district contains 8.0J3 colored voters who will support Arnell’s re-election In solid mass, and, with the 3,030 white radicals In the district, can elect him even If every unkllled rebel should be allowed to vote against him. The Memphis District cast 15,967 votes for secession to 818 for the Union; but a reign 0 f tcrror existed, and loyal men voted their sentiments at the risk ol losing their lives. One county—Fayette— voted, secession, 1,301; Union, 23. It con tains 8.280 whites and 15,578 whites, and wIU no give at least 1,400 Republican majority. Madison and Tipton contain as many colored voters as white ones, and- in the whole District they equal three-sevenths of the population, and can cast tally 13,000 votes, which, joined to the 4,000 white Union votes, will beat the 14,000 rebels, oven if they should all get In their tickets. Thus It Is seen, that the Enfranchisement BUI, wh'ch has just become a law, rescues Tennessee from the imminent danger of fall ing into the hands of the implacable and per secuting enemies of the Union, and lilts her to the plane of reliable Re publican States. This wise and provx dent net was performed, in spite of the utmost efforts of Andy Johnson put forth to defeat It, whose purpose was to enfranchise the rebels and disfranchise the Unionists, and trample out of existence by persecution and terror the last rcmmmtsoriojally In the land of Andrew Jackson.' Bat the spirit of Old Hickory still lived among the children of hls followers, and'after a most hitter struggle, achieved a victory over disloyalty and prejudice, which casts in the shade any act of political progress performed since the Emancipation Proclamation. UOITIE IUAHKET-FOREIGN JUAB- KET. The Chicago Tainumc sneers at the idea that the home market afiotded to American farmers by American laannlactuicrs Is more valuable than the foreign market. It appears to bo iguorant of tbs tact that oine'eea-lwentivtha of the agricultural fuoducls of ibis country aro raised for the Amer can market, and that the greater portion of them could not be raised for a foreign market,— Dtiroit Advertuer and Tnh’tne. This is on entire misrepresentation. We said that the home market was already se emed to the American farmer, and that the question was whether we should have a foreign market also for the surplus, over and above what the home market would take, or whether we should wilfully and gratuitously deprive ourselves .of that foreign market by making it so expensive for tho American farmer lo live that ho cannot compete with other nations in raising grain. So long as wo Import anything, If it bo only a pound of tea, or an ounce of quinine, wo must pay for It with something. Wo must pay fur it with agricultural products, or manufactured goods, or gold. Wo cannot ]>ny with manufactured goods when wo got our prices ol goods so high that foreign na tions will not lake them, as Is tho case now. Hence we must pay in agricultural products or gold. As the philosophers of the Detroit Ath'crlUrr school are perpetually hor. rilled at the exportation of gold, and are. always passing laws to prevent H, of course they are endeavoring to create a system whereby agricultural pro ducts must bo exported, to pay lor our im portations, whether they be great or little. Kow, the question whether the price paid lor the surplus In the foreign markets docs or docs not fix tbo price paid for the whole crop, Is a question of fact, and docs not depend on argument. We know, os a ma’tcr of fact, that when the price of wheat goes up in Liverpool it goes up here as soon as the intelligence of the advance reaches us, and that when It goes down there It goes' down here. The market reports prove this fact three hundred days In every year. Tbo only exceptions from the rule are cases where the homo market is “cornered” by specula b'rf; but «•> “corner” can resist a change in the Liverpool market for any considerable length of time. An attempt to hold up the grain market In the United States In the face of a declining grain market in Europe U like an attempt to reverse the law of gravitation, or to push the tide away from the shore with a mop. The fanners of Michigan understand this question much better than the Detroit Ad rartifcr and Tribune docs. Let that journal go on with the discussion of the profound question whether people, in a state of na ture, fitet cultivate the mountain tops, or the valleys. The Advertiser and Tribune sup ports the mountain lop theory, and argues from It, we suppose, that a man ought to pay a dollar for something he might got for fifty cents. THB liAS OtM. The Gas Bill has passed the House and gone to the Senate, it Is now the duty of -the Cook County Senators to see that the clearly expressed wishes of the people of Chicago, officially communicated by the Common Council, are carried out. The pco pic here will hold them to a strict accouna blllly in this matter. The bill is too reason able to encounter any honest opposition, es pecially from the men who represent this community. If the Gas Companies are will ing to make gas at a profit of ten per cent of their invested capital, then the business is to remain in their hands. But If they will not be satisfied with this, then the people want tbs right to to Investigate the question, and then decide for themselves whether they will or will not try the experiment cf manufacturing their own gas. How any man can vote against such a measure and expect to hold his head up afterwords in the community whose wishes ho disregards, is more than we know. To vote against the bill Is to say that the people shall not decide for themselves a question of great public moment. The Leg- is’sturc has no more right to compel tbc citizens of Chicago to submit to tbc gas monopoly than-it has to compel them to buy tbclr soap of a particular manufacture .ng ci mpuny, or their salt of a particular dialer. We can imagine nothing more harmful to himself than would be the course of a Cook County Senator who should op opofc this bill. It would bo an open defi ance of bis constituents, on a question di rectly affecting their pockets. TUB PACIFIC UaiLICO.U) ROUTE. Wc publish this morning the very Interest ing report of General J. L. Williams, Gov ernment Director of the Union Pacific Rail road, to the Secretary of the Interior, which is now made public for the first time. Gen. Williams states that the Board of Directors have adopted the Crow Creek and Lone Tree Divide rontc, designated in his report as Xo. 7, following up the Lodge Polo Creek. The route is now established to Laramie River, SSO miles west from Omaha. Several parties of engineers will soon take the field further west, with a view of establishing the final location to tbe meridian of SaH Lake, 1,133 miles from Omaha. It is believed the road will be opened t<» the eastern base of the Rocky Mountains by the ensuing autumn, reaching a point from which the proposed branch road to Denver, 113 miles long, would dl vcige. With Ibis branch constructed the railroad distance from Omaha to Denver would be about COO to 020 miles, with very easy grades. Route seven would traverse the coal fields along the base of the moun tain. Gen. Williams* report contains many valuable and Interesting details In regard to all the different routes he describes. £3j*Mcmbcrs of the Legislature miy Imagine that they can escape the conse quences of voting for the three million State House and the Cairo Penitentiary, bat they cannot. That “ring” will be broken up by the people as surely as the sun roils around in Us course. These bills mean money ; and the money comes out of the people's pock ets. It Is altogether more likely that tbe next Legislature will remove the State Capi tol from Springfield entirely, than it is that they will go on with tbc three million Job, which has been rushed through in this bar* gain and sale with Cairo and Champaign. Two years ago certain members of the Legislature thought they could safely band overto a horse railway company the franchises of the city of Chicago, worth a million of dollars, but of tbo whole num ber of men who gave their votes for that measure, only three were allowed by thj people to sit In tho Legislature again. If the members of the present Legislature sup pose that it Is safer to vote away the money of tbe whole State in this reckless manner, than it was to vote awny the corporate fran chises of Chicago, they will find themselves wofully mistaken. We hope Governor Og lesby will veto both the State House Bill and the Cairo Penitentiary Bill'. ZST Among the many sensation rumors indicating a change of base by the Presi dent, the latest U that Mr. Blair, Senior, more familiarly known as “ Old Blair/' has pone to Boston “by authority,” to invite ex-Governor John A. Andrew to accept the position of Secretary of State. A few days ago the reports told ns the position of Post master General bad been tendered to Horace Greeley. Bat Mr. Randall has not exhibited any symptoms of retiring, neither has Mr. ! Seward; and wo are inclined to think the two stories arc of a piece. It would be nse less to speculate on the probable coarse of Mr. Johnson. If the almost unanimous re* jection of bis new scheme of reconstruction by the South, has really disgusted him and brought him to the stool of repentance, he will have an excellent oppor tunity to show his new faith by approving the Reconstruction Bill of Congress. We do not think there Is any probability that he will do so, rumors to the contrary notwith standing. At the same time. It seems to be certain that he has made overtures of some sort to certain members of Congress. The Democratic press has taken the alarm, and the Southern papers now speak with habit ual disrespect of the occupant of the White Dtmse. ’ * A Sixctxan Stoet.— Tbe Williamsport (Pa.) BultfiXn tedstbe following singular story: “One ot the cariosities or tho season la that of nnmer oo»grasshopper*apneorinron ihe grass where the snow bos melted oft. whether this phenom enon Is general, or only coahnad to particular lo calities, we are not able to state. Mr. H. 8. Morse, who resides on Center street, caged several and brought them to onr offlee. Tber were si lively as In midsummer. The grass la Us {aids Is filled with these sammsr vlslunis. Who as seen winter grasshoppers elsewhere r SPRINGFIELD. The New Stale Dense. Provisions of the Bill as Passed by Both Houses. A Stupendous Job. The Edifice to Cost Xhiee Millions of Dollars. Appointment of a Commission. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] branrornxD, 111., February 31. The following is a copy of the bill lo erect a new Slate House at Springfield, as finally passed by both bouses, and now only await ing the signature of the Governor to become a law: SrenoM 1. Bt U enacted by the Beanie of Vie S at* or r'Vre*en:ed In Vie General At •etr.M»i That the Governor of the State of Illinois is hereby authorized and empnaerea to convey to the cotmly of boneamou and State of liiiLois. and to the city of Snrlntjfluld, In said county, (or the use ol the people of solo cosnty anti cltr, all that piece aud parcel of ground, sltuat*. Ivmir ..nd being In the city cf Springfield, to said coiin»y, known as the ••public squire,” comalutrg two acres and a halt; he the same uioic or less, upon which Is now located the btnte Honsc, lortbe sum of two hundred thou sand dollars; and for the - further consideration that said “lantccs shal l cause lo bo conveyed to the Mato of llllrole, It fee atomic, Ural parcel of Croatia Innv in the city ol Sprlnetlclrt, aforeraU, bounded by Stcond, Monroe, Spring and Charles streets, containing between eight aud nine acre*. Said sura of two hundred thousand do law shall he paid Into the Treasury of tho Slate of Illinois In two equal instalments, the first of which shall lie paid oe the first day of April, IBCB, and (he second on the first day of April, 1669. bso. 3. The county of Sangamon and said city olbpringfleld are hereby anthorlxad to Issue such bonds and levy anch taxes as may be necessary to raise said snm of two hundred thousand dollars, and lor tho purchase of said parcel of land : Pro* titfsd, Bald bonds shall not bear Interest decod ing ten per cent per arnnm. Sec. 3. uald sum of two hundred thousand dot lata shall be expended towards tho erection of a new Hiato Unnto upon ssld last described parcel of land, atd In addition thereto, the sum of two hundred am) fifty thousand dolla-i Is hereby so pioptlatcd out of any o oner In the treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the same porpoie. Said Stale Hou»u shall cost a sum not exceeding three millions of dollars, Hie. 4. Tho following persons, vtx: John W. Hnilib, Robert lloal* I'hUip Wadsworth. James C. Hebinton, William T. Ysndevcer. WMlim L. llamblotnn and Jsmo* li. Doveridgo are hereby ap pointed Commisrlorers tosupctlnu nd tho erection ol Ibo now Male House aforesaid, who, before •bev enter upon the discharge ol their duties, *bsll enter Into bond to tho Governor of this Bta’c, with approved security, lu the penally of lwei.tr five thousand dollars each, within thirty daya stior tbc pas«agu of this act, conditioned for tbulaithful performance of their Unties, and shall severally taUenu oath that they will well and truly discharge all their dutlus as Commissioners, in •upnln'vnalDp the erection of said Hum House. 1 ho Governor of the State I* hereby intborlxud to fill all vacancies by appointing Commissioners who shall contluuu to act until the next session ot the General Assembly, which shall rathy or reject snld appointment. The Governor is alsoonthor )»«d to remove any fommlsrioncr for cause, and til tho vacancy occasioned thereby. Hxc. 6. The ‘ ommhslonera shall select tho most dmable material for sale Slate House, ana make the same as nearly fire-proof as possible. Ituhall be constructed upon tho moet approved and con venient plan. Sic. G. Bald Commissioners shall stipulate for all payirentstobemade out of the fund herein before provided, and no other. The accounts of the cxpcrallnres of said Commissioner* shall be rcriiflid by ea‘d Comiiupslou-Ts, or a majority of them, anu by the Secretary of State, and approved by the Governor. The Auditor shall thereupon draw hls warrant npon the Treasurer therefore to be paid onto! the fund hereinbefore provided lu favor ol the party to whom the accounts shall bo rne. Sec. 7. The smd Commissioners shall advertise at least thirty days In two daily papers in Chicago and Sorlcjrfleld. and one dally napcrln New York and Philadelphia, forptans and specifications fbr a new Stale House. Said Commissioners shall wait three months after said publication, and if they shall have received auy plana and soecifica. lions within that time, they shall Immediately thereafter ortHy each member of the two commit* tees of me Senate and Iloase or lomroentatlvea of this General Assembly on Public Buildings, *o meet at the city of Springfield on .. a c. d/y t 0 be specified la said notice. Said notice to be given at least ten days prior to such meeting; ana If a majority or said committees and Commissioners In at’endarca ebsli decide unon aiy plan then submitted to them, the said Commlsslocera shall be bound thereby, and proceed to erect a new State Ilonee, hi accordance with raid plana and the accompany ingspecifications so adopted. They shah employ such orchliecis. mechanics and laborers as may be neccsiary for the eariy completion of said build in?, and shall receive for their services aa Com missionera the sum of five dollars per day for actual service, to benaid out of the fund herein before provided. Theysbnli also be authorized to employ a superintendent and secretary. (Julias C. Webber Is named as secretary.] Sec. 8. The present State House and grounds shall contlnnc to be used lor State purpose* until the new building shall he sufficiently anva need fbr the use of the dlfibient Departments ol State, and the State shat) nave the aosoiute possession and conuol of said building until that tine. Sec. U. This act shall Uku effect and bo id force from aod after its passage. An Examination of tbe Alleged mis management of tlie Illinois Peniten tiary. Joliet, Hi.. February 20. To tbc Editor of tbe Chicago Tribune: In jour paper of Saturday last I notice a letter from Mr. Shuman, criticising certain resolutions adopted at a recent meeting of the citizens of Joliet, in relation to tbc mao* agement of tbc Penitentiary, and calling in question tbc truthfulness of those rcsoln tlone. As one of the ‘‘citizens of Joliet,” I ask the use of jour columns tor a reply to the letter ot Mr. Shuman. And, allow me to say In tbe start, that, though personally a stranger to that gentleman, he has no warmer admirer, so far as be has manifested his quail tics of head and heart through the columns of tbc paper ho edits, than the writer of tills article. lie docs not, nor has bo any ido'v that the citizens of Joliet who adopted the resolutions In question, believe that he or his present associates are responsible for the ter rible mismanagement of the Penitentiary for the last four years. But the present Com missioners, like the rest of us, are humic, and with all their care and watchfulness may hare been deceived nud misled by the shrewd and experienced contractors. There is a great deal of sound philosophy in the Arab notion, that when one has eaten the *»U of another, he is ever after under the tnost solemn obligations to abstain from everything that could injure the one whose salt he had eaten. The contractors at the prison seem to understand that the surest avenue to one’s good will is through bis stomach, and therefore the Investigation of Commissioners and Legislators is always prefaced with a least of good things in the dining room. He who could go from the sumptuons tables and “ sparkling” side* boards of his host to criticise, very severely, his acts must be either more or less than a common mortal. Hence the thoughtful ob server, who has watched closely the biennial visits of our legislative solons to Joliet Is not surprised to find “ reports” nude under such circumstances, to savor of the high seasoned dishes and rare viands furnished for their entertainment. With the policy indicated in these resolu tions, Mr. Shuman docs not take issue, but docs not believe in the trntb of their allegations ' In relation to the needless expenditure of the money of the people, or the inhumanity of the contractors, in’their management of the prisoners ; and to those points we will briefly refer. The “resolutions,” as wo un derstand the subject, were Intended to refer to the general management of the prison under the “Pitman” contract. That contract we presume Mr. Shuman will admit, “was conceived in sin and brought forth in iniqui ty.” In the face of a provision of the State Constitution forbidding members of the Legislature from making contracts with the State, or accepting any office at the bands of the Governor or of the General Assembly, it was found that among the \ artles to the Pitman contract, was the “Honorable” Speaker of the House of the Chairman of the State Prison Committee in that House, and one of the State Commissioners That contract wss clearly fraudulent and il legal, and sound policy should have com pelled the next Legislature to annul It and give It to others legally qualified to hold It. That Mr. Shuman and bis associates are in any manner responsible for the action of the ; Legislature, however, no one will contend. It is the acts of these contractors against which the citizens of Joliet “ resolved,” and which Mr. Shaman volunteers to defend. Uis owu nets needed no defence. That there has been a shameful waste of money under the contract, we think none who are at all cognizant of the facts will dare to deny. The report made by the Com missioners to tbo Legislature, dated January 1,16C3, stated that only $177,933 would be needed to “complete the work.” They gave a detailed statement of the cost, item by item, including the “ west wing,” the War den’s bouse, $25,000 for furnishing the War den’s house, and a broad margin of $15,000 for contingencies. The Legislature appropriated the money asked for; also $11C,335.0S to pay the bal ance due to the contractors up to that time. We now ask, as did the " public meeting of the citizens of Joliet,” what was done with that appropriation ? The Warden’s house has not been finished or famished, and for the construction ot the west wing, now completed, the Legislature has just been call ed upon to pay the whole cost of construction! If the members of the Legislature hare come forward with such alacrity, os Mr. Shaman asserts, to endorse the recommenda tions of the. Commissioners in this be half, hare they been faithful to their con stituents in making a second appropriation of the people’s money, when one had already been made for the same object? And biro any "peculiar” influences from the lobby helped to bring about this consummation ? Mr. Shuman’s statement that the work on the west wing has been well and cheaply done is, probably, In one sense trne; but that is simply begging the question. What the taxpayers want to know is, why was not the work di*no with the first appropriation, and what has become of it ? In relation to hla second point—humanity to the prisoners—we will be Tory brief. "Humanity,” as applied to prisoners, is a Tery " flexible” term, and would bo under stood differently in different ages, and by dif ferent persons In the same age. If some; of the cases of punishment at the Penitentiary hare teen humane, that hare shocked the sensibilities of the pood people of the vicinity, then we do not know what Mr, Sherman would de nominate “vrtW inhrunanity. u If clothing prisoners, exposed to the inclemencies of the present winter. In garments entirely untitled for the season, and allowing their clothing to become filthy and filled with vermin, Is hu man, we do not understandlht modem mean ing of the term. That such Is the case the writer has the testimony of one whose oppor tunities of knowing have been far better than those of Mr. Sherman himself, for the reason that there was not the same Inducement for concealing these facts from him That the prison, under the late management, as com pared with Its condition under the msnaze ment of Mr. Casey, the former Warden, has been filthy beyond comparison, we have heard but one opinion. Tliat, under the management oi Buckmastcr & Co. It has been a most fruitful source of legislative corruption, we need only to re fer to the history of the General Assemblies of 18C3 and 1865 to prove. Its pernicious In- the local affairs of the county, having ftirulshed to a great extent the means and brains to “ run” the Democratic parly, no loyal man will soon forget. In relation to the principles enunciated in those resolutions, that neither the Commis sioners, Superintendent nor Warden should be allowed to have any pecuniary interest in working, clothing or feeding the prisoners (a fruitful source of corruption heretofore), Mr. Sbnman docs not take Issue with the •‘citizens of Joliet.” That, In the lan guage of the resolutions, ‘‘The Superin tendent, and other officers appointed to guard the interests of the State, should ho above suspicion, and qualified, by scientific attainments, sound Jndgmcnt and Incorrup tible integrity, to guard the interests en trusted to their care.” Wc presume Mr. Shuman would not gainsay; nor would he, probably, assert that such had always been the cose. The new contractors, for whom Mr. Shu man speaks so kind a word, will find no dif ficulty 1" gettingalung with the peopicof Joliet, if they hut discharge the duties of their difficult and trying position “passably well.” We shall await the result of tbo change hopefully, and trust tliat the new managers and the “citizens of Joliet” will have occasion to bo mutually pleased with each other. A Citizen or Joliet. FROM BOSTON. Repeal of tlic Usury Laws. Three Flans for the Proposed Wow State House, A Clever Achievement by He Stale Detec tives— Robbery ami Restoration— Wn. Stowe’s Sew Novel. literary, Art and Amusement Gossip. [Special Correspondence ot the Chicago Trlbnne.] Boston, Mass., February 18, REPEAL OP THE USURY LAWS. The Lower House of the Legislature Is to day passing through Its final stage a bill al ready passed by the Senate, the sncccss of which all business men wished for, but the triumphant rush of which through both branches, without serious opposition In cither, seems to hare been anticipated by nobody. This bill fixes the legal rale of interest In this State, in the absence of any agreement to the contrary, at six per cent, as before; but .it repeals the laws against a higher rate, which in limes past hare been esteemed by the majority here as sacred os the prohibitory liquor laws, with which they match well in point of Inefficien cy. Experience has proved, however, that these laws are not only dead letters like that, but that they actually injure the very class of poor men they were meant to benefit; and so what was tbongbt a rash experiment In attempting tbeir sudden repeal, has proved to exactly meet the wishes of the people, both os expressed through the newspapers and as executed by tbeir representatives. A PROPOSED NEW STATE HOUSE. Another subject engaging just now the at tention of the Legislature, and for which I sec yon have a parallel in Illinois, is the proposition or series of propositions for the enlargement or rebuilding of the Slate House. The present commanding structure has for some time been too small for the needs of the State officers during the winter months, and Its Representatives’ Chamber has always been cramped and Incapable of ventilation. Lost year a commission, con sisting of cx-Govcrnor Clifford, and thepro stdiug officers of the Senate and House, was appointed to consider the matter, and their report now made suggests three plans, with out recommending either. One plan con templates the extension of the wines ou each side and the raising of the dome; the second adds to these ' features an exten sion Id the front also, giving the building the shape of the sign + ; and the third In cludes the dcmilliion of the present edifice, and the erection on its site of a new granite State House, “worthy of the Common wealth.’’ The final scheme Is to cost, ac coi ding to the original estimate, a trifle over two millions: the others, of course, not hall so much. Ido not think the* public mind, teeing only the handsome State House and not experiencing its Internal inconveniences, is quite ripe for the expenditure needed for a new one; and it would not be surprising if s-mc such suggestion as that ofthcZady Adrtrli/er, that a portion of the executive departments might find quarters elsewhere, should ennb’e the Stale to avoid for the pres ent ever an enlargement. EXPLOIT OF TUB STATE DETECTIVES, Wlille tbc adherents of the liquor interest denounce tbc State constabulary system and Us doings In most unmeasured terms, and while, on the other hand, tho radical tem perance men demand the substitution of a metropolitan police, which they hope will prove more powerful, the whole community is gaining confidence every day in that brunch of the force to which is given the specially ot detective business. There .vrc only three of these ofilccra, but they have managed to do about as much creditable work during the six months since they have got fairly under way as many times their number in tbe slow routine way in favor who the city detectives. Their last exploit was the wording up of a robbery io the neighboring town of MUten, which, though not done by profcsrioual bands, might have puzzled in vestigation for some time, unless brains aided the inquiry. An old man, who might have sat for his picture as tbe hero of Trow- bridge’s story of “ Coupon Bonds,” left home for o day’s holiday with his wife, leaving Ihc $20,000 in Government bonds and other secu rities which a lifetime of economy bad ac cumulated, bidden in a little trunk at home. On the return of the couple, whose name w as not Duckiow,but Durcll, in the afternoon, the trunk and Its treasure bad both disappeared. No violent buiglary had been committed or needed to be, in a house left In the rural fashion, without bolts or bare. I will cot go into a detailed narrative ot the events which followed the arrival of tbe State detective: on tbe scene, twenty hours after the robbery. Suffice it to say that in three days every dol lar of the property was returned intact to the owner, having been found in two obscure biding places, one a remote well of a pasture In a neighboring town ; and tbe three rob bers (one the servant girl of the victims), were arrested in different towns, and evi dence obtained sufficient to convict them all, and all witbont tbe offer of a compromise of any kind with the thieves, who arc surely booked for the State Prison without a cent of their easy plunder sticking to their fin gers. The Constables are very proud of tbeir achievement, and I think they deserve to be eo. LITERARY AND ART MATTERS, We have been so often told that Mrs. Stowe writes only on the compulsion of necessity* and in a hand-to-mouth fashion, scribbling off each month's Instalment ot her books as the printer calls for it, that It is rather surprising to be Informed that her new novel, presently to be begun in the Af lantic, is almost completed in manuscript already. It deals with the New England life of tho lost generation. Onr publishers have neither Issued any. thing new or made any new an nouncements since my last week's let* ter, the general outpouring of new books} which that chronicled hav ing exhausted their resources for the present. Messrs. Roberta Brothers are the exception havlcg ready for publication In a fortnight three notable hooks The Genius of Soli tude,’* by Rev. TV. R. Alger, a prominent Unlvcreallsl clergyman, with a very rhetori cal mm of mind; the Memoirs and Corre spondence of Madame Rccamier, edited and translated by Miss Lnystcr, a young lady of this city of remarkable attainments and lit erary abilities; and “ Ecce Dens,” an anony mous reply to “Ecce Homo,” of which we are not told whether it Is of English or Amer ican origin. Oar art people are delighted with the news tut Story’s great statue of tie Nubian Sybil, of which we hayo heard so much, but which few expected ever to see on this side of tho Atlantic, is after all on Ita way to America. IVc hare now on exhibi tion here Story’s bnst of Mrs. Browning, over which all the critics go Into rap tnree. Our artists and some of Boston antecedents now transplanted to Xcw York, to the num ber, In all, of seventy-fire or eighty, have contributed each a picture to ho exhibited together and sold to obtain a fund for the benefit of the family ol the late Sir Wheel ock, an artist and architect who lately died Id reduced circumstance*. • THEATRICAL MATTERS. The taste of the amusement-seeking public always seems demoralized at about this stage of the season, people having been rather surfeited with amusements, and need ing highly seasoned dishes to create a sensation. Thus, Mrs. Bowers has played hero within a week to empty boxes, and E. L. Davenport cannot attract a good boose at the Howard; hut “The Black Crook” draw* steady crowds,and the production of thestalo ‘‘Streets of New York,” at the Boston Thea tre, with acting generally atrocious, but a plentiful sprinkling of coarse humor of the circus-ring and minstrel-ball school, has been rewarded by larger audiences than have been gathered there by any dramatic per formanccs since the engagement of Edwin Booth. But there Is still good taste in the com munity, though it seems latent now, and confidence In it will be Ihtly rewarded. The ground has bees broken for the new Theatre that Is to introduce to Boston the elegance of Wallack's, and the establishment has a name, Sehryn’s Theatre, In honor of the ex perienced actor, painter and manager who Is to control the affairs of its stage. The only engagements yet made public are those of George Holster, as tccnlc artist, and.of Charles KoppUz as orchestra leader—two gentlemen certainly not surpassed in their respective departments in this country. THE BLAINE AMENDMENT. Explanatory Letter from Don. Wm. Lawrence, Washihotoh, D. C., February 18, 1857. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune; In the Chicago Tribune of the 15tb Inst., an editorial comments on the divided Republican vote on the “Blaine amendment” to Stevens* Mili tary Bill. You properly enough aay, “one half of the Republicans, aided by all the Copperheads, voted down Mr. Blalno*s amendment.’* Tbo Blaine amendment, as yon in substance insist, did not accomplish sll that was desirable, since it left recon struction in the hands of the rebels, practi cally abandoned tbo Union men of the South to rebel rule, and must result in unsatisfac tory reconstruction, though scenting the adoption of the Constitutional Amendment, and, practically, universal suffrage. You say: ** On jnima/aeie evidence those who voted for Blaine’s amendment wore right;” but you urge in opposition to this view that there probably was “a fair prospect of oh* talnlng something better,” and lit support of tliat you say: ” Before the vote was taken Mr. Stevens announced that the Reconstruc tion Committee were prepared to propose further action within a reasonable time.” 1 am one of the radical Republicans who voted, as you elate it , in favor of tho Blaine amendment. But you have Inadvertently fallen Into some errors ot fact, which I hope you will correct: J'int. There vote on Blaine's amend meat. The rote was on re-committing Ste yens 1 bill to the Judiciary Committee with Instructions to report It back Imme diately with Blaine's amendment as an addi tion. In the sbai>e the bill was In, this was Ih v only mode of amending U. Mr. Wilson, the Chairman of the Judiciary Committee, was prepared to report the bill back with Blaine’s amendment, bat he was also pre pared, having done this, to yield to another member, who proposed to add an additional amendment which would hare secured the at emileney of the loyal men of the South In the work of reconstruction. Second. Mr. Stevens did not, nor did'any member announce, as yon state, “ that the Reconstruction Committee were prepared to propose farther action within a reasonable time.” The fact is the committee had no additional hill matured, and have not since reported any. I make these corrections merely to Justify and set right before the public the radical Republicans who voted as I did to recom mit Stevens’ bill to the Judiciary Com mittee. ytflh a view to amend and improve it, and to amcnjl and improve Blaine’s amendment. Rcspcctlnlly, Ac., Wm. Lawrence. A Note from Grace Greenwood, Chicago, in., February 19. To (he Editor of the Chicago Tribune: In your journal of this Inst. I find a slight notice, by your Boston correspondent, of my new volume ot sketches and essays, which is there called “Records of Five Fork*,” Now, it should read, dear Mr. Editor and dear readers, “Records of Five Tears.’’ If this droll mistake, or sprightly joke of your correspondent, or this typographical error of your compositor, should have the effect to cause a hungry public to help themselves at once to my “Records,” I should not mind it; but I fear readers most he particularly sharp set to “banker alter” a book with snch a title. It wont go down. I might, I suppose, seek legal redress for the barm done my poor volume, and compel whoever Is In fault to “fork over,” In the conrse of some five years, but I prefer to try milder measures. Allow me a word In regard to another lit. tie error. In a late number of the Tribune, it is stated that “Grace Greenwood is the wife of Mr. Lippincott, the great Philadel phia publisher,” which she isn’t. If she were that fortune-favored lady, she would at this blessed time be touring in sunny Italy, with no end of money to spend, instead of doing a poor writer, and a poorer lecturer, storm-bound in Illinois, with no end of need for money to spend. My husband Is not the Mr. Lippincott so often bestowed upon me In marriage, but who never endows mo with his “worldly goods”—not Sir. J. B, Lippin cott, of Philadelphia, the “great publisher.” He is Mr. Z. K. Lippincott, but he publishes n great little magazine in Philadelphia, viz.:

the Little Pilgrim, devoted to the instruc- tlon and amusement or the dear children— God Mess them! Circulars and specimen numbers sent to all parts of the Union, free of charge. Respectfully yours, Grace Greenwood. The Fate of a minting Union Soldier, To the Editor ortho Cnicago Tribune: Huntsville, Ala., February 15. A Union soldier named Charles Roann, of an Illinois regiment of Colonel Straight's command, in that unsuccessful raid of Straight upon Rome, Georgia, was left sick ut Silas Crump's, near Walnut Grove, Blount Connty, Alabama, eighty miles south of this city. He was paroled by one of Forrest’s officers, but was taken by others of his com mand, a short distance from tbc bouse and shot in tbe eye. A man by tbc name of Lawson Iluppcr and two other neighbors, buried him with all his effects, three days after be was murdered, which nearly cost Qnppcr his life. I have been on the ground and learned the facts from Iluppcr and others. If you will be so kind as to publish tbe substance of this communication, it may be the only information of the fate of a brave soldier, and relieve the anxiety of near relatives. I have reported the cose to Major Wainwright, of Chattanooga, who bos charge of burying tbe Union dead. Please request other Illinois papers to copy. Arad S. Lakis, A Nrxr Fxcltcment at St. Albans, Vt. An Intense excitement, it Is stated, is now reigning in St. Albans, only second to that produced by tbo advent of the rebel raiders in 1604. A correspondent says: “Itorig inated in an attempt of tbe State officials to enforce the liquor laws of Vermont. These officials have been on the alert lor some time, and on Wednesday seized a quantity of the “ardent” at a billiard saloon, and placed It in the lock-np to await the making oat of the necessary papers to insure its spilling in the street. While It was thus disposed of, some of the liquor dealers, by way of strate gy, went and informed a customs officer that there was a quantity of smuggled liquor in the lock-up, and forthwith that official gathered his forces and seized the fluid which was awaiting confiscation under the State laws. This riled the State officials, and a whole sale raid upon every saloon and hotel was the consequence, the keeper of each hotel and saloon being required to give bonds in the sum of 1,000 not to open bis house to any outsider whatever. The consequence of this was that when the usual’ Influx of strangers to tbe village occurred on Thursday night, they had not where to lay their heads, and no place to procure a meal even, except at tbe eating room of tbc depot. One of tbe “peculiar” laws of Vermont Is that private houses cannot receive and entertain any stranger for compensation, as that would be an Infringement of tho rights o! hotels, so the unfortunates who desired to remain In the village were compelled to huddle togeth er In tbe depot when night came, and two or three freight cars were metamorphosed into barracks for their accommodation. The sit uation was unchanged np to last accounts. Everv hotel is closed, villagers are excited, and business is almost at a stand-still. Tlic Sprlns Election*. The sprinc elections In the States begin vl'h New Hampshire, on the second Tues day in March; Connect lent follows, on the first Monday in April ; and Rhode Island, on the first Wednesday in the same month. The vote in New Hampshire, a year ago, was ns follows: Itcpnlihcan. Democratic EcpnbHran majority. <MS6 In Connecticut the vote stood. Republican Democratic Republican majority Ml In Rhode Island the rote for Governor, a rear aco, was 11,ITS, and no opposition was Side to General Burnside. Importast to Gas Cossrjnnis.-In the report of the procecdincs on the Tar Bill In the House of Representatives in Congress on Thursday evening last an error occurred. The bill proposed to repeal the provision of law by which the right of g M !™™.nlea to add the tax to the price VL consumers Is to terminate on fSS -Sh of “pru next. Afler considerable flebatothe House struck out that paragraph ? inding hill, and the result is that the ? companies to add the tax to the right olua consumers will terminate iipMl M thc report had It that it could not terminate. THE PACIFIC RAILROAD. Official .Report to the Secretary of Interior. The Route Over the Rocky Mountains. Different Routes and their Advan tages and Disadvantages. Communication with the mining District of Colorado, The following is a copy of the report of Mr. J. L. Williams, Government Director of the Union Pacific Railroad, just issued in an official form and now for the first time given to the public : Union Picmo RuxaoAT) Omcx,l Nxw YonK, November 23. 1865. f PmThe nrellmlnary surveys across the first range of the Rocky Mountains being nearly com pleted, Ibe Government Directors deemed ft Im portant I fail one of their number should person ally examine such of tbe boca as appeared most feasible. Accordingly, at the request of my col leagues, and by Invuauon o< Colonel H. Seymour, the Consulting Engineer of the company, I ac companled him to Ibe Mountains in September last At Omaha wo were joined by General G. M. Dodge. Chief Engineer, and m passing over the several routes, were further aided by explana tions, on the ground, by the Division Engineer, under whose Imm dlate direction the survey had In rscb case been made, with the advantage also of the maps and profiles. Under the requisitions of the thirteenth section of the act of Congees*, ap proved July V, 1651.1 respectfully submit, for tne Information of the Secretary of toe Interior, the following general results, promising that this re port has been submitted to my colleagues and sanctioned by them: Tliis first mountain barrier, as it stretches north and eomh 'across the general course of the road, between the 1051 b and lOOlh meridian of lon gitude, may be described as extending from the canon of tbe South Platte, near the latitude of Pike's Peak, to the North Platte, a distance of near three hundred miles, its more southerly and higher portion, called tbe Snowy Range or Rocky Mountains proper, forms part of tbe groat divide of the Continent, separating the waters of the Platte from those flowing into the Colorado of the Wort. The northern section of this mountain barrier, being a part of the anborolnaie range known os the Black mils. and only dividing'ho drainage of tbe two forks or tbe Platte, is, nevertheless, as to direction, the con tinuation of the mam Rocky Mono tain range northward, possessing the same mountain charactort-tlca, though having less altitude ai d gentler stones. The Cachc-la- Poudro Hi\cr, tbe largest tributary of thcjriouib Platlo. taking Its rl»e. In Its most southerly branch, near Inc height* of Long's Peak, marks the point of division of the range into (ho two flec tions bfrcdcscrlliod. The watershed of the Con tinent diverges here to the northwest forming first the southwestern boundary of (he North Park, and tb*nco continuing northwest, sinks Into the depression known as Uildger's Pass, where It Is 7,651 feet above Dm bod of the sea, and B,bW feet lower than at Borthoud Pass tn the snowy ranee west of Denver. Up to the tavern base of this north and south mountain range, the broad and gun- rally smooth plain of the Plate Valley opens favorable ap preaches, through it* several uPmtarto*, to any mountain crossirg that may be selected. The point of crossing the mountain is, therelore. the problem first to be solved. In (bo wide range of these survey*, continued now ih'oucli tbiec years, ten distinct point* of crossing have b»cn exanrned. They have been rnn wliTi level and transP, in all cases a Hording reasonable hope of practicability 5 or, where less ptotnlMiig, they hav- been explon-d with care, availing, in such cases, of hart-moHlcal observa tions. The parses Uins examined include, as 1 understand, all that have been suggested by mountaineers or others familiar with the country a3po«*l&fplcafrl n lo. Enumerating from south to north, they may be bnetly dtscubed as follows: UODTS HO. 1, OVER UOOBlsn PASS AT REAR OP TUE SOUTH PLATTE. Revere. Mr. F. M. Case, clnl engineer, reports to th 4 Vice President, December 15. tSOt, that he made a tum-y o t the governing sections of this route and submits profiles, first, of the mountain range at □< osier Pass; secondly, of a line eighteen miles norm westward down Bine River, a tributary ot the Colorado; and, thirdly, of a line run tortj cirht miles southeastward from the pass, down the npperpoitlon ot the South Plane, turoucb the South Park to the bead of the Platte Canon. From the head of this canon, us be reports, the line would follow the river northeastward some forty miles through the mountains to the plains with, as estimated, an average descent of seventy feet per mile. Otthla distance the engineer esti mates rhat twenty miles wontd be close canon, both walls being washed by the stream, and the direction so circmtons aa to require considerable tunnelling. Bis estimate oi the height of this pass above the sea. trom barometrical observa tions in the vicinity. Is 11,500 feet. A tnnnel two and a half miles tbronga granite is required; grade lino of tnnnel upon the assumed level, 1U.C60 feet above the sea. The general alignment of this route is so unfavorable, roasldcnog Salt Lake as thepotnt aimed at, as. In the judgment ot the enginevr.to rendet a mure extended survey needless—Ms miles of road bring required be tween Denver and the month of Bine River, only seventy-six miles west of the meridian of the former place. uoinx no. 2, ovxn tarrtaix rase. This route. It seems, did not so commend Itself to the engineer as to require a survey. He esti mates the pass to have about the same altitude as Boorier Pass—ll,soo feet above the sea. The ap- S roach to it fioro iho olalns on the east would be, »et, through the canon of the South Platte for some twvnty-five mllua, and thence up larryall Creek, a branch of the Platte, to its sonree In the range a few miles northeast of Booster Pais. From the west the spp'oacb would bo from the valley of the Bine River, above Breckinridge, through the Indiana Gulch. While the engineer does not assume to speak of this route advisedly, hothliksltae summit could not be reached from the east without exceeding the maximum grade of I’O feet per mile, and that the descent of the gulch on the west Is 150 to 200 feet per mile. Hav ing made no definite survey, be does not give the length ot the tunnel. route no. 3. nmocan the kobtd four or soern .IW-.ii HVI W| .UB nvmu ffVliA VS OWUiU PLATTE. As In the case lost described Mr. Case deemed a critical survey of ibis route unnecessary. Be save m bis report that it would enter the moun tains at the month of bomb Platte Canon, being thus coincident with the two last named lines tor ten miles. and thence up the norm fork of the Platte thirty-fire miles, crossing the range still fmtlicr uuiU tcan me route laa 1 described, sad connecting ou the west with one of the head branches of Snake River, an affluent of Bine R'ver. This pass was represent'd to the engineer, by a reliable explorer, as being a little below the line of Arbotescena or “ Amber line,” and was astumed ns about 11,500 feet above the sea. Upon this hynotbcsK and with the aid of barometrical observations in the vicinity, the engineer esti mates that on the eastern approach to the sum mit, some 2,300 feel elevation must be overcome In twelve or fifteen miles, and on the western an p>o«cb?,<(V. in twenty miles. Uow far lb(i> could be alleviated by a tunnel, and wnnt would bo mo length of the tnimcl is not stateJ. Toecutlrc route from the plains on the east to tne valley ol the Blue Klvcr on the west, is reported as run ning through a narrow mountain valley. In many places tortuous. It will he noticed that the two routes lastdo scribed, entering the mountain, a* they do, far to tbv south, through the canon of the South Platte, ■re, like rente No. 1, lorccd out of me proper di rection. . ROUTS KO. 4. OTEU BEBTnOUD PASS. From tbe beginning of these Investigations this route has mracted much inlrrcst. as well from the general belief of mountaineers, that it was the most favorable pass through tbe Snowy Range, os from Sts locality, being in the direct coarse from Denver to Salt l.ako City, the two chief pointa ou tbe route, both of which it seemed desirable to pass. In the summer of ISK-2, prior to tbe first meeting of the corporators of the Union Pacific Railtoacl, for the purpose of organization, Mr. F. M. Case, at the instance, and, 1 believe, at the ex pense of the friends of the work la Colorado, made what be caiicd an instrumental reconnol •ance of the route. His report, addressed to 1100. •John Evans, then Got ernor of Colorado fcrrltory, • was embodied in his subsequent official report of December is, ISOf. Subsequently. In ISGG, by di rection of this Board, a second and more careful survey oftbt- ronte was made by Mr.P.T.Brown, one or their engineers. In tbe general topograph ical tacts, the two snrvc* a agree. I parsed over this line as far as the summit of the range accom panied by Colonel Seymour and Mr. Brown. 1 be Hoc from the South Platte at Denver to tbe summit ol Bertboud Pass la sixty miles la length. Tbe survey wns extended west Into the Mudle Park, seventy-eight miles from Denver, to tbe di rection of Salt Take. For general description It naturally divides as follows: 1 Denver to Golden City, fourteen and a half miles. This is over a rolling and rapidly rising plain, falling Into Clear Creek Valley, six miles cist of tbe mountain, and meeting the foot ot tbe range twelve miles from Denver. Baling graie, lie feet per mile, of which there Is about three miles. Construction not very expensive. 2. Golden Cl>y to upper end of clear Creek Canon 16Ji miles. Golden City la at the transition point from tbe sedimen tary to tbe granite formation. Here tbe lino en:c» Clear Creek Canon, which extends miles, rising in this distance 1.511 fed Through a portion of tbe Canon tbe vallor rises Caster than the maximum grade, but with careful location and heavy cost, Mr. Brown tninks the grade need not exceed 110 feet per mile at any point. Iwo-'hlrdsof tbe distance will be curved, much of it sharp. Tbe greater part of tbe dis tance may be called close canon, and a part nar row open canon, with abrupt elopes. 3. riom the bead of canon to east end of Bertboud Tunnel. 2SU miles, tbe line follows tbo narrow mountain valley of Clear Creek, through tbe mid-t of the gold mining developments, pass ing many quartz ml Is. Ilnllog grade, 116 lm per mile, of which there will be about 13 miles. For ! seven or eight miles of (he upper portion the fall of the valley greatly exceeds the maximum grade, reaching In pisces over COO fret per mile. Using the maximum grade of lie feet per mile from the tunnel eastward tbe line is necessarily thrown cn tbe steep, rocky, and, in places, jireclpitlous mountain aides, at an elevation of 100 to 100 feet above the creek, involving, of coarse, very heavy cost. In tfao whole distance from tbe base of the mountain to (be launch Clear Creek, as Mr. Brown supposes, would lie bridged perhaps twenty times, with probably two to three miles of tunnelling through sharp points. To give greater length of line, for tbe purpose of reducing the grade to tbe maximum picseribcd by law, the sur veyed route,ln ascending, turns an South Clear Creek lor two and one-half miles, thence by a short tunnel through a »Idge into Bard’s Creek Valley, which it follows clown, reaching the main vailey at Empire City. 4. Bertnond Tunnel would he 31-10 miles long, and pierces the mountain 1.361 feet below the sum mit of the pass. Tbemaierialtobe excavated,tbe common granite of *hc mountain. Grade line of tmmel at highest point. 10,100 feel, and summit of pass. 11,<2C feet above the sea. 5. West end of Tunnel to end of survey, 164 miles. Descending westward, the slope of the mountain is for some distance until the valley of Moses' Creek is reached, which Isa tributary of the Colorado, and thence with this vailey to tbe Middle Park. Ruling grade, 116 feet per mile for first V% miles. I did not pass over this portion of ‘be route. nocrz HO. 5, OVXB BOUT.DEH FA£«. While standing on the moan tain peeks near Bertbond rase, on the 16th oi September. In the deer mountain atmosphere, 1 bad a fall view of the Boulder Base, twelve miles farther north. From Its apparent height above the growth of timber, at a from barometrical observations before reported, I was folly convinced of it* impractica bility ; yet, in deference to the views of gentlemen having minis? interests on the Boulder. I fully in tended vUiiu.g that pass. Bat a fall of eight inches of now on the i9tb, on the eastern slope, which 1 learned was two feet deep at the western base of the range, defeated this purpose. A few weeks later Mr. Brown made a survey of the Boolder Rente. The Chief Engineer n ports the results as follows: Fust, that the pass is 11.700 feet above the sea: second, attmnei of six miles required: third, the approach is through cither South Bonider or Middle Boulder Creek, on cither of which the ascent Is too rapid for the maximum grade; and. fourth, that on either of these streams expensive canons are encountered, sours so. G up m ciCHx-LA-rotnmE asd dub CHEEK AXD OTXS OSTELOFE PASS. During the last week in September I nude ft reconnoUjatce on horseback over this route, irom the eastern base of me mountain, at La ports, to the western base In the Laramie Plains, at the common point of Junction with the lod~e Pole and the Crow Creek route. In company with the Chief Engineer, the Consulting Engineer, and Mr. Jamea A. Evans, Division Engineer, whose three j ears’ sendee in directing these expertmoc tal anrveys has mode bun familiar with the topog raphy of this range. ■ Antelope Pats is a depression in the ndge sep arating me waters Cowing into the Laramie River on the we»t. and those ol Dale Creek, a tributary of the Sontb Platte. Dale Creek, taking Ua rise near Cheyenne Pass, runs in ita upper section on the western slope of the range, catting the main range ofthc Black mils in ita southeasterly coarse, and Joins the Cachc-la-Poudre River some three mice above the eastern base of "the mountain. Through tbe Dale Creek Valley a favorable route I# foand from the Cacbe-U-Pondre. nearlAporte, to Laramie Plains, In anorthwestern direcUoa,find mg Ita smnmit not in tbe main Black Hill Range, but In the subordinate divide between Dale Creek andlaranue River. Thu ridge or divide is crossed at Antelope Pass, which has iM feet leas elevattop than the mem ranee elrolo U “ aOBONB !. r now CKCliDlee. the main t nmroa ol this line m? IhSoTTral length of mennlata fiom eastern to western base, which S? miles la m ihc aaceiU of the eastern i-lopc. and GK miles on tbo western elope* ine veuemnlope, and al.o the flrat Hi ml oi of lie eattiTO aecen from the Plains, 10 1 Pilcbiork Creek, la chiefly m Ilit ecconOa-lf lot maUon.and nratentf a comparative!! lavoral.lo profile. On theeo two aecllona the line ! JJ" caied, with a mailman grade of trom 85io W feet, wiihont expensive work. The Intermediate sec tion ot >5 miles, all lu ibo valley of Dale Crceic, and In the giarilis lonnailon, presents some ex pensive gilding, especially near the crossing of Dale Creek, and also near the aooj if Stonewall Cre<l:» where the 1 ne ot transition bttween the •(ratified and granite formations Is crowed. Three br dare of some magnl-udeare required this division, the chief of which is over Dare Lrcek, near four hundred leet loss. Tbo deepest part ol the narrow chasm here to be bridged is its teet below grade line As tbe line now runs the maximum grads occurs frequently, with occa sional undulations by which aacert fa lost With •the time and care nceamloD a fluaViocatlon. (be ‘ ruling grade may be reduced below the limit al lowed by law, and prcwbly to 106 or 110 feet per mile, and the undulations chiefly, if not alto* cetber avoided. Tbe grade Hoe at Antelope Pass, without a tunnel, and with a cut of moderate depth,l«B,«sfeetnOovo thoeee. Ibe approach to this passage of the Black mils Is op the valley of tbe south Flttfe to the month of the Cache-la-Poudre Rlihr. and thence up’lhat valley to Pitchfork Creek, some eight miles be* low Laponc, which latter tnboiary Is JoLowed to the entrance ol Ibo Blocs Hill*. The whole route ea*t of the monnialn Is of tbe most favorable character, permitting agradc uniformly ascending with ibe lisc of the Taller. bout* so. ", rouownio tub sinna dbtwxxh enow cnirar asd lokb tabs obcbs to Brans' Returning eastward ftom Fort John Dnford, (row Fort Sanders,) on the J.araiolo River, to which point our party had extended - their rocon noisrsncc. In put to obtain a mihtary escort, which Occeral Podge deemed a prudent precau tion against Indian depiedattons on-the Lodge Pole, wo crossed the Black Hills by tbo new Loco Tree and Crow Cteck divide ronte, wbtth wo fol lowed to a nolnt near (bo travelled road from Denver to Fort Laramie, and thence tc’Lapotte, along or near (ho eastern base ofttie range. As tbo ronlrf last described finds an easy ascent of the mountain,through the valley or DalC'Creek, so this route, by following the smooth and gently atcendlng ridge dividing the drainage into Crow Creek on tbo north, and lone Tree Creek on the south, which ridge extends far ont Into the plains, occupies a favorable locality for crossing the Black Hills, mote exempt irom obstructions by scow drill than ordinary line. Tuts rlngc ran ho approached irom the valley of Crow Creek through a small east and west trlnntary rising at (lie rate of from thirty to sixty feet per mile. Reaching the divide seven miles cast of what ap pears to be tbo general coarse or (ho base or the range, the line pursue# R for twenty miles to the summit of the Black III)]# at Erans r Pass. For tbo first seven miles tills divide presents a smooth profile. Kctoilnga little west of thl# the granite formation, the next five miles present a rough pioflls, on which the work will bo heavy and tbo material In great part rock. Tbo next eight miles to the Pass arc crucially on the summit, or on the ad joining slopes of the divide, with a favoribfo pro file and alignment, and comparatively I<gh a work. Where excavation is required to any considerable depth on any part of tbo mountain, it will bo rock. The experimental line np thl# eastern slope of the mountain Is laid with a ruling giadlout of tod feet pur mile. Bnt the Cblel Engineer Is confident that this can be redneed, on the final location, to tbo maximum of UU feet per mile, which ta less than the gi ado of the Pennsylvania Central Road, in tbo ascent iron Altoona to the tunnel, with curvature very much easier than U there Intro duced. The inromlt of the mountain presents hero a broad and gently rounded surfkce, ■dmltllngof co reduction by at.; judicious tunnelling. With an open col ofmoderato depth through rock, the grade lino la t',212 feet above the tea Descending westward the prospect is less favor able. Date Creek, beading atewmllei north, near Cheyenne Pass, tus worn a valley in the western slope, which can be crossed onlvby an embankment and bridge of considerable height. And, alter reaching the secondary summit be tween tbia creek and (be 1-aramie Pia'ns, the descent thence to tbo common point ot Junction with the lice over Antelope Pass at western base of mountain, la hero more abrupt ibao on that rente. A careful re-survey of this western elope, lCis miles distance, ta propos'd by the Chief Engineer, under the belief that lie can, within reasonable limits of cost, establish a ruling S&dc not exceeding mnetv feel per mile, as on e eastern slope, and, ut the same time, avoid ary depression of grade m the Intermediate val ley below ibe summit wcatoi Dale Creek. So Im pellent is It that In these mountain ascents, ele vation once attained, be nutlott by injudicious undulations, that I have notlalKd, as a member oftbc Committee on Location, to urge this view. To reach this crossiogof the Black Kills. ILo hue would leave Ibe South Platte at Jnlcsburgb. following up the valley of Ixxlge Pole Creek, ICG miles, and thence bearing a little southward, throned a sonthwrstem tnbutary.cruis the divide to Crow Creek Valley. BOCTS it 0.5, VIA.LODGE UOLZ, r>VP WAIJIACn AND CBOW CREEK. This route, like the CTn-yerne Pass line, its approach to tbo BlacklliiJa through tbe Lodge Pole Valiev to Camp Walbach, at the base of the intige, and its route thence up the mountalaalopc is coincident with (be Cheyenne Pass line to tne cresting of lodge Pole Creek. T&er.co diverging to tbe south, it pursues generally the divide be tween tbe drainage to Lodge Pole on tbe north, ana Crow Creek on the tonth. It crosses the sum mit of the range at Evans’ Pass, there Intersect ing Route No. 7. ana having, of course, the same gradient, to wit, £.24*1 feet above the sea. Bat be fore reaching this pass. In traversing the uneven surface -on tbe mountain tributaries ot Crow Creek, this line encounters a higher country, over which the gradient rescues tbe height of 3,400 feet above tbe sea. ’Jbc descent ol the western slope Is coincident with Route No. 7. Previous to the surveys of 1660 this was consid ered the shortest practicable route over the Black □ills, and It is the route compared with tbe Cachc la-Poudre line in Ibe report which 1 had the honor to make lo the Department, dated 28th February last. But the Investigations ol the last season, un der tbo direction of General Dodge, Chief Itngi mer, wnose knowledge of this region, acquired during his command of this Military Department, has peot> of great service to Ibe company, bave re sulted In tbe discovery of Rome No. 7, which, by leaving the Lod< e Pole far out la tbo plains, finds a more direct alignment, and in all respects a bet ter line. ROUTE NO. 9, VIA LODGE POLE COZES AND CUBTENXS PASS. Tbe Cheyenne Pass over the Black Kills, in con recMon wfth tbe loogcPole Talley as !ta east ern approach, has long beecatnoronghfve for travel, and was thus from Ibe berieniug brought prominently to the notice ol those seeking a route for the Pacific Railroad. lathe fallnfisni » tire of level* was run over this pass by Mr, B B Brayton. engineer. Again, in the snmtncrof 3564 a more cart ful sum ▼ was made by Dir. James A Evans Tbe general results of Mr. Evans’ survey arc: First, tbat the summit of the pass is B.GVI feet above the sea; second, that a tunnel 1.5M1 feet long, through gratlte, on agrade line B.C4U feet above the sea, would be required; 'bird, that this tunnel could be reached from tbe east by way of Camp Walback, wim a maximum grade probably not exceeding 11G feet per mile: and, luurth, tbat on the western slope of the mountain tbe ruling grade could not be reduced fallow 183 feet per mile, unless by the objection able expedient of Increasing the length of the line by switching back. ROUTE so to—Tnnocou laranie canoe. Knowing that Ibi* stream had cut its channel deep tbronch the Black Hill Range. t' ns present ing ny l<s immediate valley a more uniform accent. an>t a total nee and fall between me Place Talley and the Jerame Plains, materially less than by other routes crossing over the range, and further, that this route would occupy a good general di rection, the character of Its great canon bat been an object ol lutcnstfrora tbe drat. In ISCI Mr. Evans commenced the examination, bat accom plished It only on the lower portion. In IS£> Mr. Case explored without Instruments the upper portion. But until Mr. Evans, m Ins second al terant, in JHCj, succeeded In running a line en lirclTJbrough this canon. It Is not probable that anf human bting, savage or civiim-d, ever passed through the whole length of this deep and ragged gorge. lu direct leugth is 14 miles; us length by the snrvey, as miles; lu tonne in many places very tortuous, and Its ver tical walls of rock frOm £OO to 1,600 Jeet in height. Ibe (all of the stream In places is from 150 to SCO feet per mile, and us current, of course, extiemely rapid. The Chief Engineer reports it as wholly impracticable for railway purposes. 'ihe route up the North Platte ana through the South Pass has been followed by the travel from the earliest beginning of emigration across the Continent. The North Platte, like the Laramie, »mt with a still a larger flood, has worn Its chan nel through the ranee, presenting unquestion ably, If |i could be followed, an easier and more uniform grade from tbe plains to tbe divide of the Comment at tbe south Para than any other route. Its greater length, how ever, caused by its northern circuit. Its wider divergence <rom tbe important mining resources ot Colorado, in which the nation baa au Interest, with the apprehension cf deeper snows in the re gion drained by the Sweet Water, precipitated therethrough the diiecllug influence of the Wind River mountain ran*c, seem to have oat weighed, in the judgment ol the company and their engineers, any supposed advantage la grades, lb* survey of this route, though com merced in ISGS, near Fort Bridges*, and extended eastward through the Sonth Pass and a short dis tance down the Sweet Water, by Mr. 9. B. Heed, one of the company’s engineers, was not contin ued through the Black mils. Tbe engineers, from their reconnoisancc and Information from others, report narrow defiles and canons where the North Fork cuts the mountain range, so formidable as probably to force the line out of the valley and over mountain spurs. But the length of this difficult construction, as also tbe exact compara tive length of tbe Nonb Platte route, is unknown. The water shed at the South Pass is 7,470 feet above tbe sea. It is sixty-four feet lower than the same dividing ridge of tbe Continent at Brldgcr’s Pass, one hundred miles to the southeast, acd 4.CCO tcct lower than Berthond Pass, west of Den ver. coxtausos or norms. .W*I«MOUA Wl liULI £~S. Grouping the ten routes tbas briefly described into two classes, five of Ibem cross the Snowy rar.ee, sod five toe Black U 111 range. Or tho-ein theSno«y range, examiratlons In dicate the Bsrthond P ur, designat' d Nu. 4, as having most of the eft meats of a feasible line. Contrasting the Bcrlhoud Pass line with dtber of the two available lines over the Black Bolls, the lone Tree and Grow Creek line, over Evans* Pass, de’lensii-d as Route No. 7, or the Cache-la. Pondre line No. G, the comport! on is greatly against the Bei thond, as follows: 1. At Benboud Pars the gradient Is 10,109 feet above the sea; at Evans’ Pass, *,Sti(eeL* Differ ence in the delation to be overcome with the com merce of the connuy, IdCSfeet. S. Tunnel at Bcrthooa Par», three and onc-tenth miles long. As the summit of the pass!« i,SUO feet above the level of the tunnel, the material ex cavated would be chiefly passed out at the ends. Under there circumstances not less than three ur tonr years, certainly, would be required for its construction, within which time, it la confidently believed, the track layers from Omaha, by a more favorable rente, may meet those from Sacraneuto on ’be plains ol (he nnmboldt River. No esti mate haPbeen made of Its coat. Unquestionably the ontlay of capital noald be greater than Is war ranted at a sirgle point, be it irom national or In dividual means, when the same capital and labor would stretch oat the road so far toward the Pa cific, over the cheaper routes that offer. At either of the two Black BUI Passes no tunnelling is re quired. 3, Besides would be fifteen miles in the Clear Creek Canon, and tec mues in the npper section of Clear Creek, which would cost, perhaps, beyond all precedent In this coun try. Contrasting the aggregate of the luonel and ibis twenty-fl%e miles with came length of moun tain work, on the Lone Tree and Crow Creek di vide route over the Black mils, ana the difference wonld giadc 100, perhaps ISO miles of avenge line between the Black Hills and sialt Lake. This compa:taon, thus stated, in very general terms, is confined to the first mountain range, as If ocyond that the extension ol tho two routes to Salt Lake were alike feasible. Such, however, teems not to he the case. In June, 1£63, Mr. Reed, under instructions from T. C. Dnrant, Esq., Vice President, and with a vie" to a lice across the intermediate Green River Basin, mice an extended reconnolsance of the country east of Utah Lake, to find, if possible, a practicable route over the Wshsatch Mountains to Green River ria fcpanuh Fork and the UiUah River. IHs report, dated April, 18C6. represents that there Is no route ; practicable lor s railway from Utah Li %e eastward to Green Hirer, turcugh the Uintah Valley. We have seen that the eastern nm of the Green River basin cannot be crossed without as exoense and delay quite too great. And if the s*nowy Range could bo crossed, the Chiet Engineer expresses the belief that two subordinate Ziorlh and south ranges would interpose farther west. Ihc basin of the Green Rivet, and especially Us main valley, the White River, running from east to west, near the 40th parallel, has here repre sented as much more tav'orable to agriculture, with better supply ot Urjber, than the country along the Bridget Pasa Youte. Having less alti tude by some two feet, and Ivu" two deprevs further mis claim Is no doubt just, and u la to ho regretted that access for the railroad eeema forbidden by the great height or the mountains forming Ita eastern and western boundaries. „ ?? 1 ? CT ®. Ibis route practicable, yet in the as- RTfr? t “‘“Ver Pafa route, the mountain ranges be jWfhwTaer, and the intermediate valley lower. Pfewu River, where this line would cross it, must ‘s'cearS.OWfretiower than oil the Uildzerrass •Oota, while the Snowy Range b, over the Ber thond Base, 2,000 feet higher than the Buck Hills, making a total difference of agate VVOfrettnth arccntto be overcome between Green River and Itc summit of Ibl* moat easterly mountain rang-*. In whatever aspect this fmroitantqueation may be viewed, whetherln the detail ol acmal aurves and levelling, or In a general grasp ot tbo leading feaiutes of this partof the Continent there can be r.o Question that Ibo Union Pacific Railroad Company. In deciding to locale over the Ulacu Hills anu through Bridgets Pass, have hut con formed to thr topographical sbaptrgof tbe region to bo traversed by the road. ... •• • • • Though the topographv of Ibis monnialn region forbids the rwMgeonWfi cational thoroughfare directly through the mining region of Colorado, »cl the transverse vaDeys favor a connection by hiaceh. 'ihe interests of the company of Colo rado and of tbo Nation, seems alike to demana auch connection. Adopting the Cache-la-Poudre route, the proposed branch, as alieady aaweyed. Slot ft the & oth Platte to Dei-ver. would be ttfty toree miles long; or by the Lodge Foie, the branch would be lengthened to 112 mires, but ibomain Hdeshortened thirty-seven miles. The paramount claims of through commerce seemed to tboßoard to give preponderance, in the aspect of commercial considerations, to the short main 110 % •••••• All of which la respectfully eab“iltod. rHlmcdt J- L. WSLtUVa, Government Director TTnlon Pacific Railroad. Hoh. O. li. Bnowinso, Secretary of the Interior. •A better comparative view of these mountain altitudes will be obtained by slating here the height of other well known points on the Conti ncut shave theses, ss follows: Loan Michigan. OTO feet; the Miseuelpnl. at BL. Louts, (high water), jC2 leet; the Missouri. at Omaha, 9w feet; South Plane, at Denver. 8,300 feet; general level of the Flatus at eastern bate of Rocky Mountain*, about C,OCO feet; Salt Lake City. i;*SG feet. Phe grade Hoc of Central Pacific Railroad on the summit of S erra Nevada range. In California, is 7,012 feet, and that of the Pennsylvania' Central Railroad on the summit or the Allegheny Motmtains,2,loo feet, above the sea level. RECONSTRUCTION* The flleastfra Finally Adopted, Hie following It the Reconstruction Bill as finally adopted by'Congress on Wednesday : AN ACT for the Moro*EClcienl Government of the Hebe) States: \VuimxAs, No legal State Government or adc nnutc protreliun lor life or properly now exists in the rebel States of Virginia. North Carolina, booth Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana, Florida, Texas sod Arkansas; and, WuKtitAs, It Is necessary that peace ead good order should be enforced in said Mates nntll loyal ned republican Male Governments can be evtao- Itthtd; then lore. Hf U enaeffft, tre., That sold rebel Stales shall be divided into military district*, ami made oub- Ject <0 the military authority cf the United Slates as hercinailur prescribed; and for fist purpose \Ugirla shall constitute the first district; North Carolina and - oath Carolina tbir second district: Georgia, Alabama and Florida the third district; Mtnlssippl snd Arkansas the fourth district; tan tsiana at:u Texas thv fifth dlst-ict. Stc. 3. That It vliall bo the du’yoftbo Presi dent to srslgu totbe command of each of said district* an officer of ihoarmy, not below tbo rank ol Brigadier General, and to detail a sufficient military force to enable such officer to perform bis unties and enforce his authority within the dis trict to which he Is assigned. «xc. a. That It shall )k> the dnlr of each officer assigned, as aforesaid, to protect all persons In (heir rights or person and property; to suppress insurrection, dlrurdcr and violence, and to pun ish, nudcaurc to bo pnnSsbud, all disturbers of the pub ic pescf, amt c Iminali: and to tbUocdhe may allow loyal civil tribunal# to lake lartsdicdon 01 and try oerndera; or, when, to hi# lodgment, it may be necessary, for tre Ufa) of oaendors, he shall have power to organise military commNsfona or mbutala for that purpose, and all Interference under color ot Slate authority, with the czairclse of military authority under this act shall be nail and void. Src. 4. That all persons put under military er red by vlnce ofthls act. shall ho tried without unnecessary delay, am* no cruel or unusual pun ishment shall bo indicted, and no s-ntencc of auy military commission or tribunal, bertby author t«d. averting the life or liberty of any person, shall be executed until It Is approved by the officer In command of tne district; and the Jaws and reg ulations lor the government of (he army shall not be oflected by this act, except In so far as they may conflict with its provisions. Src. 5. 1 bat when the people of any one of said rebel Stales shall have formed a constitutional Government, Iti conformity with the Constitution of the United States In all respects, framed by a convection of delegates elected by tbe persons wbotpay vote upon the rarttleatlcn or rejection theriof, as hereinafter provided: and when said Constitution, so framed, shall have been ratified by a majority of the male clttaem of said State, twcnty-oce ycais old and npwatd, of whatever lace, color or previous condition of servitude, who may have been re-blent In said Stat* for one year rrcvlons to the doy of voting on ihc question of ratify *ng snrfa Constitution. except such as may be disfranchised for participaiing m tbe roocllloo, or for felony at common law; and when such Cnt'titaiion shall piovlde that the elective fran chise shad he enjoyed Dy all such persons that have tbe qualifications herein stated, and shall bave tacD submitted to Congress lor examination, and < engross ►hall have approved the same; and when said State, by a vote of Its legislature elect ed under eala Constitution. shall have adopted the amendment to tbe Constitution of the United S<ales« proposed by the Thirty-ninth Congress, and known as article fourteen, and when said ar ticle shall become a part of tbe Constitution of foe United Slates, each State shall be declared entitled to leprtsemation In Congr ss, and Sen ators and Representatives shall be admitted thereupon, on their taking the oath prescribed by the law; and tnen and tbeiealtcr tbe preceding sections of ibis Dill shall be Inoperative in said Slate Sec. P, (proposed by Mr. Doolittle) provides that tbe penalty of death shall not he indicted by the miliiary power without lire approval of the Prci-IdtLt. Sec. 7. (Sbellabarger’s amendment.) That until tbe people of said rebel States shall, by law. be admitted lo representation in the Congress of the United Slates, tbe civil Governments that may exist therein shall be deeni< d provisional only, and shall be In alt respect* subject to the paramount authority of tbe United States, which may at any time abolish, modify, control and supersede the same, ana in all elections to any office undT such Provisional Governments, all persons aball be entitled to vote, and none others, who ore entitled to vote under the provisions of the fifth section ot this act, and no person snail be eligible to any office under such Provlsiotal Gorcrrmenls woo would he disqualified from bolding office under tbe provisions of the third article of said Constitutional Amendment. The following Is the third section of the pending Constitutional Amendment, which is made a part of tbe above bill: Section 3. No person shall be a Senator, Rep tescstauve lo Congiess. elector of President aad Vice resident, or bold any office, civil ormlli lary. nnder the United Slates, or nnder any State, who, haring previously taken an oath as a mem ber of Congress, or an an officer if Ibe United States, or as a member of any Mate Legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to sntport tbe Constitution of ibe United Stales, shell have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the Rome, or given aid or comfort to tbe enemies ibereof; but congress mar, by a vote of iwo-thitde of each Douse, remove such disability. CBUIE. A flanband and Wife Wantonly Mur- dcrtd. [From the Now York Time?, February 19. | A. brutal aud unprovoked murder was committed last night in the Twentieth Ward, when an aged husband was instantly killed, aud his wile end sou dangerously, if not mortally, wounded. It appears mat the husband of a German woman named Mama retta Langhelser, who resides on the tlrst door of a small frame shanty, No. 225 West Thirty-eighth street, near Tenth avenue, was seized with illness some three or foor weeks ago, and was taken to Bellevue Dos pllol for treatment. During his absence Margarctta formed the acquaintance of an other German, named Wl llara Snobel, forty two years of age, a shoemaker, who worked at Yonkers. Snobel was In the habit of vis iting two cr three times a week, bnt his vis its weic not noticed by the other inmates, as Margaretta was always ready with an excuse Yesterday Mr. Langbciserleft the Hospital and returned home, but was surprised tolind his lawful place occupied by the Yonkers shoemaker, when he attempted to dislodge the intruder. Snobel, however, refused to vacate his lodging, and deliberately turned the husband from his own door, who was still too to weak to maintain his rights. In this emergency Langbelser sought re dress of his landlord, Jacob Ilenry. a Ger man, sixty-three years of age, who occupied the upper story of the shanty. Jacob be came much incensed on hearing the facts re lated above, and went down stairs about 9 o’clock, to settle theditllcalty. being accom panied by his wife Elizabeth, forty-five years of age, and a son, Nicholas, aged thirty years, Mr. Henry found Snobel in Margaret ta’s room, acd ordered him out of the prem ises, eajicg that be was determined to pat a stop to such disgraceful proceedings. Snobel decJmttTto obey the command, and threatened violence to anyone who dared molest him. Some high words then pissed between him and the landlord, when snobel became so enraged that-he seized along shoemaker’s knife and attacked Mr. Henry, his wife and son, striking the husband a powerful blow on the left breast, the long twelve-inch blade entering over the region of the heart, piercing that organ and pene trating the right lung, causing almost in stant death. The infuriated murderer next assaulted the wife ami indicted a severe wound lu the left lung, just below the heart, which will, it is feared, cause death. The son Nicholas also received a similar wound, but the weapon striking a rib saved his life, lie also received a severe wound lu the leg. The alarm was speedily given, and Snobel wus arrested by Otlicer McCullough, of the Twentieth Precinct police, and locked up la the Tbirty-Qftb street station boose to await the action of the Coroner. THE SUB-TKEASUKT. Argosies of Gold—Ninety Tons of Coin in Safe. [From the New York Garotte, February 17.] The vaults of the United States SubTreas nrj are said to exceed in size those of the Bank of England. Tnc strong and burglar proof manner in which they have been con structed excites the admiration of all be* holders. There arc two of these immense vaults, one at each comer of the Fine street end of the rotunda. The rooms are perhaps twenty feet long by fifteen feet wide, and ten or twelve feet high. They, contain no window ; there is but one door opening into each, and gas lights are keot baruiog inside. The inteinal appearance c£ these vaults has a striking resemblance to a fashionable tomb in Greenwood Cemetery, rows of cases being arranged around the sides of the room, each about two feet square, with iron doors attached. There is one door for each case, and when the apartmeni.has been filled with bags of gold or bandies of green backs, the doors are closed. Each cose will contain half a million of dollars, put np in bags of five thousand dollars each. When a case Is thna filled, the door U closed and a wal is affixed hi the presence of the Naval Officer, and the Surveyor of the Port. It takes one hundred bags to hold half a mil lion of dollars. In the first vault entered, there were seventy-two compartments ar ranged round the room, which formed a tier somewhat higher than & man's head. Banning aver the top of these was a balco ny with an iron railing in front; there was piled up in this balcony, in one heap, six mil lions of dollars in five and ten dollar bills; ona>half million of dollars in internal reve nue stamps; fifty thousand dollars iu frac tional currency, nnt up In large paper boxes, and five and one-half millions in United States bonds. UOW TDC VAULT IS MADE. The Door of this vault rests on thirty feet of solid masonry, from the ground up; on the top of this granite there are two feet of wrought iron, and between the iron plates a space filled up with bullets. If a rogue should succeed in hiring through the granite and iron, the moment his drill touched a bul let that would commence to revolve, and by the time be had penetrated it, another ball would drop In Its place; in this way he would soon find he bad an endless Job before him and the attempt to gst into the vault would have to be abandoned. The sides and top ofths room are composed of eight feet of granite and two of Ironar ranged in the same manner as for the floor This safe, as it is called, was Invented bv Mr. Isaiah Begets, and built by Hr.. George R. JaqH?on,f of tho Excelsior Jpoq -Worts. s[r. Rdccm o rc c remarked that ir«. at tbaiDo Treasury building «». . to set locked oot of ?he& Hn. a nMioil. to break ia’to watch s kept to look alter tbV'** wltioitUo\ by “ rOCO “ iJtt , - s , after Ibe other, before we tan *n?** a H *% 4SIL Each one ol these door* w ci ~l ?J nh k? contains two locks of difleient l^loas .iy " lever la ao arranged ttal .(,“ t ,P u 1 i eloeed four large Iron h.,lta th-,!** >' I'.'; r the door-way, realiog in socket ft" been made in a villar of wnn-hi " ' L; - r thief ebould succeed in cu'ungfj 3 - >l. f -'V one of these doora. nasally camia' F --'i the moat vulnerable point the^" 1 * •* ■ not drop down from lla pC ’-U ‘.l -• & would be gained. Rut hko il,r,u ebrated one-borae abay, the-c -- F ■ aa strong in one part as in an,,lL;;T;f*i. I'-S® hinges abow no signs of wraka" 'h »-8« *"*“ '“rtt-iuake to Vj| curious LOCKS ov THE r*rt~ iMi No good idea can be given SHes ' tlle ,oc I ks opmtion.“L 1 ? 4 ;* Rsll ccncrnl remarks mar l« „r 1 I {*3 first door ha# one of Dodd** Fn.-t . U§§ll there la do key hole for this and El Bide combination wheel h diridiJi /IS letters of the niphabet, the iiiut ms'' U TIH fractions of Spites. The con si. ; ,!1 M S rrltleh moy be made by this f>3 endless, and no one can on» B tj.r. ilu f f . |a Imr back the bolt*. tnrl«a h I I words, figures, and fraction# wS h s > |'-S been used in locking the door jwV B II person was eo fortunate us to <-«•£« ; f| Blrdaall the combination, lie IS extensive acquaintance wiih the hl ew :3S know how to manipulate it comr-lr'r *'3l second door contains an Ishain Is altogether dllfc-rcnt from h, ,m\ • ’? L^li The thfid door has L.GaleVMonltitr Wt ’ S the fonrth door contains dale’s ih.r-bu t sa * I *B ury locks. Prom one of thesedoo^'V* • S has been fasSened, a portinn of thMv^ lt « token oil; and put under lock un-i £..'* US some secret place. Without thl* u -5 w i be useless to attempt to gel int.. n. ( . %i f.* ■; $ INTERIOR OF TUB SECOND V.trLT ” • <fj Tlic second vault Is much larger than u.. r-3 first one described, but Justus dh*!c«lt to” Into. There are one hundred end tw-cti cases In this room where gold can Sc injir, $ scaled up. At the time w« looked into ih. ’« vault there were nlnc'y tons, «r f->rtT *1 tnilliocs of dollars In mldstoml in the n. m ••-S and twenty millions In jwiper. Tim "ii backs, as they arc paid into the Treu.-m v- ' A put up In packages of one thousand bifi.'-Vsi -a all of the same denomination. A iu<l.v. f'f| ot one dollar bills contains otic tlnrosc'* •rS dollars; of tlvo dollar bills live tw.* V3B sand dollars ; of live hundred dolhr i,n*l ‘ : (8 Arc hundred thousand dollars. In one ,inst t*§| box wc were shown six small parkin*-. ~l f. -7'* of which contained one million «>f d'diirs r* Money Is handled In tho Treasury l)ijlliliti'« in ' ; ft wholesale manlier, packing trunks stolid Ink about ftill Of It, large willow nc . ’ wheels being used to carry It In, tie. The ; ' sight of It becomes so common that the clerks employed regard It with the : Indllference, handling It as they wuiiU v '’7 much brown paper. 1 7 The vestibule of the second vault i.» cdln! 'i '> the book vault, and contains the ?. I ohllgationsoi’thcUnltedriUtes, a ton ortwa r 1 01 payniaMer’s checks. All these brokiatj ; : i checks arc carefully preserved. ? - A TEUUIKtE KXPLOSIU.I, I'eiir Prr»ouk Killed and Three Oilim Injured l»y Use Hunting of a CS-riter at illlluanlirc, [From the Milwaukee Senll el, Fe’*raary Yesterday afternoon at about ten minutes lo 4 o’clock, a hohi.r in the Wisconsin paper * Company's Mill, situated on the river near the dam, exploded, killing two persons in. stonily, and injuring live more—one so sc. verely that she died shortly alter the arch dent, and a fourth cannot possibly survive till morning. The names or the killed a-c . Isaac Hill, the llrst engineer, and his wife , Dennis Short, the fireman, and a Mrs. Jor dan. Mrs. Kill had come to the mill but a few miculcs before the accident with her husband’s supper,Mrs. Jordan accompanying ho.*- The names of the injured are Anne Gomerick, Josephine Field and George Con ners. Neither of them ate seriously in jured. TIIK SCENE OF TUB DISASTER. In order that the reader may fully under stand the account, it will be” noces-ary to give a brief description of tbe situation oi i'- the mill, &c. : V The mill hr situated on the river’s bank. . > facing the cast. The engine room was de tached from the main building and situated ’ ' in its rear, facing the river. ' The imchine room extends as far westward as the .outer wall of the engine room, and thu whole length of the main building besides. There , were four boilers in the engine room—three - used to generate the steam and one placed ■ across the three, which lie side hr side, ta ' receive the steam and distribute It through \ tbe building. Into the mash-tubs, vats. ,Vc. | ; The boilers were all new and of the largest J ; size. The middle one of the three gcLcn- 1- lors w as the toiler that exploded. | THE DISASTER. f For a day or two past a leak had been no J*. t iced In one of the boilers, but It had Nee i y neglected for some reason not yet explained, t* About the time of the accident, the engineer, Mr. Isaac Hill, examined tbe water gauge*, b. and found tbe water at a good stage. He > had just stepped aside to receive his wile and ‘ a lauy friend, who had brought him his sup per, when, with u terrible noise, the boiler burst, entirely demolishing the engine house, t and scattering devastation all around. ' THE VICTIMS. Tbo fireman, Dennis Short, was thrown against the main building, ami transfixed to the wall by a mass of debris. He was iiu-taut ly killed and Lis body terribly mangled and chaired. The engineer was struck ’with the debris, and boiled beneath a mass ui brick * and mortar. He wan taken out in a horribly mangled condition, but still alive, lie was taken to the front partofthebuilding, where he lay for about an boor, and was then takes to bis home In a hack. He was alive at ten o’clock last night, but could not lin* til \ morning. He has sntfpred the ngonii-s of s i hundred deaths. Mrs. Jordan was instantly \ killed by the explosion. Mrs. Hill wa» f buried in the ruins, atd so badly injured that C she died while being conveyed h me. From r the time of the explosion until her death, she was conscious, but was unable to articn- * ■ late. By her gestures she conveyed \ ] to her dying husband and her yvung chil- . dren. ». tbe two girls, Anne Gomerick ami .Jose phine Field, were silting at the cutting ma chine, just south of tbe boiler room. explosion drove the walls of tbe room in, and a portion of the debris struck them, in flicting slight though painlul bruises. The; were both able to walk home. Geunre Con ners, an emploje in the mill, was struck oa the band by a flying brick and badly cut. The bodies of the kiliea presented the most sickening appearance. Thev were a<l terribly mangled, and the hardest hearted could not look upon them without a shud der. Mr. Hill has three children living—two x ol them In Canada and one here, lie was ' about thirty-five years of ace. lie hadun , accident insurance policy of on hU I. life. Mr. Short was a single man. Mrs--lor- f : dan has a husband and five children living ia : the city. Their grief at bearing ot her ter- •. rible death may be readily imagined. [■ INCIDENTS. ' \ The CDffJn* . _-je room was completely razed. * not a single brick remaining on the foanJa- r tion. The steam chest, weighing aboil i? three thousand pounds; was whirled about a ; hundred and lllty feet into the air, and pars ing orer the entire building, landed in tbe street In front. The outward boiler, weigh ing about five thousand pounds, was thrown about half way across the river, a distance of two hundred feet. Tbe inner boiler was thrown with greet force against the main building, and shattered the rear wall so badly that It will probably have to be replaced. The boiler that exploded was torn into frag ments, one-half being whirled through ibe air over the barn, land U-g about three hundred., feet from the engine roo'o. on the river. The remaining' portion was priven through the wall of the machine room, and after demolishing a - portion of that, lauded about twenty feet off. The iron—tbe best quality of boiler— was twisted into every conceivable shape, showing the terrible force of the explosion. . Masses of brick were thrown Incredible dis- 9 tatces. Amass of brick and mortar w;is found,at ,tbe distance of fully three blocks from the scene of the disaster, while for a , f reat distance around the ground was thick* ■ y strewn with debris. A laborer in the employ of the company ■was at work is one of the drams, bat about twenty feet from the boilers. The explosion extinguished all bis lights and filled the room with hot steam and a considerable quantity oi debris. lie was half sulTocaU’d and was struck by detached porticos of brick and mortar, but providentially escaped without lojary. Several other parties had hair-breadth es capes from being struck with 11 v lug brick and of her materials. Considering the number of girls and men employed in the establish ment, it was truly surprising that more were not iajnred or killed. Bad the steam chest, instead of going over the building, gone through It, there is nc-telllng what injure to life and limb might have been done. THE LOSSES. The pecuniary losses by the disaster will amount to about $25,000. The building and material were all new and expensive ‘ The principal losers are Messrs. Jermain « Brightman. P. V. Deaster, Louis Bleyor, and several others—stockholders In the companv. The mill bad bean in operation bet little more than a year. PSRSONAL HEMS. Artemns Ward has left England for the Island of oeraey. By the advice of Dr. Has tings, he uas-suddcnly discontinued his lec tures as the only possible chance of savins his life. Ha has made hosts oP friends in London, who manifest the greatest anxletv for his recovery. A member of Rev. Dr. Hontlcgton’s church at Boston has given sloo,oos to found u& Episcopal theological school at Cambridge, in connection with Harvard University. ' Several ladies at Washington are at work rn small baby clothes for. hire. Jeff. Davis- The arch traitor “ still lives," A Legitimist marriage la announced bv the Paris Bourbon press. The youn-* Spacbi * Prince, Don Carlos, aged twenty years, son of Don J nan. Is to he married to the princess Margaret, daughter ol the Duchess of / Parma. The ceremony is fixed to take r^ cc f under the auspices of the Count d-Cham bord, at the Chateau de Frodsdorff. on Feb ruary 14th. Among the “birth’* announcements in a London journal is the followin'*: “Sir £• Landseer, and Baron Marochetti, of a lion, io .. Trafalgar square, on Friday. To-davasulher ; w expected, and la the course of a wi-ek ibe •• frßJijy’ 'will be increased by two more.” when the celebrated Mile. George, .inside- . ceased, was once performing before ihc tir** t Napoleon, at the end of a passage that - brought down the house” the Esrpcrvf « complimented her, and asked what present » she desired. “Oh, sire,” whimpered -he, “there is nothing on earth I should prue- 0 highly as your portrait”—imagining that be would give her his likeness set in diamonds- . ■Pour tout refpQusc, Napoleon pulled from m* y pocket a five-franc piece, bearing his etli-7* and made her take ft. . ... The Aldermen have just ordered torth* Lord Mayor of London a new “ontcrumm-, robe," embroidered with gold, to coat In a fit of economy they, els years ago, m- - vested eighty guineas in a “cheap” ope. an It Is now unfit to be worn. The Man>io* House plate and Jewels are nUo to be re* (tired ftttcoev of _ I & 1” x