Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, February 23, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated February 23, 1867 Page 2
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(£l)lcago ©tribune. nm.T, nu-VEEKLY ANDWEEKLY. OP P ICE* s®. SI CLAKK*ST. There are trr«e<Uti<»* of me Tkibuw* wnM. In. reiT tnarciar.forcirco2*tiou by catruTi. newsmen aadtaesuii*. ad. TbeTti-WaxsxT. Monday*. Wed &£d Fridays, Tot U>« malls only; asd the ffrmT, on Thnrsdara. foi the malls aad sale at oar coaster aad bv newunm. Terma of the Chleaae 'Tribune t Dally delivered in me city io» weex>. *3 « (per quarter).... 3*90 Dally, to mail mWerlben (per aneam, paya- We ta advance) - Iw.OO Tn-Weekly. (per aesna, wablc in advance) tt.oo Weekly, (per annum, payab.e In advance) «-09 jy- Fractional parts ol Uk year at the same rates. XT Pctmos nmituns aad ordenne tve or more copies of either the Tri-Weekly or Weekly editions, may retain tee pff cent of the snbaalptaon price as a commission. hemes to srascrakas.—in ordering t&e address 01 roarptpn* cliaaeed,*o prevent delay, be sure aad ipeeiiy wtatedldon you taks—i. eekly, Tri-Weekly, Or Pally. Also. plveyonrraistSTandfdtare address tw Hooey, by Draft, Bxpreaa. Mosey orders, or la Be<l«ieredLeucre. may be seat atour risk, TRIBUNE CD*. Chleav*. (11. SATURDAY* FEBRUARY 23, ISG7. THE FORTIETH CONGRESS, Tbc next Congress will convene on the fourth of March. The public bare a right to expect that It will prove to bo a very great improvement on Sts predecessor. The pres ent Congress Is chiefly remarkable for Its cowardice and Indecision. It has done some things it ought not to have done, and left undone many things It onght to have done. Its whole course has been marked by time* killing timidity, vacillation, and lack of faith In the people, or in the virtue of right principles. A large number of tbc members elected by Republican constituencies arc olernilly hungering after the flesh pots of I'c.rpt and wanting to turn back. Several litre deserted outright and Joined the enemy. To the msllpn and discouraging Influence of those reactionists must bo ascribed the discords, Indecision, and half hearted measures of Congress. They never censed, in season or out of season, to ironk. and prognosticate evil things. Tin y never abated In their opposition to r»dl<Hl tni-nsurcs, and were always watching I* U a u'ood opportunity to sell out (oAndrew .Inlutron. The Fortieth Congress, thank heaven, is ihi of most of these dead-weights, v In* •Vquoton the coat tails of progress" and hold l ack. Thu i»eoplc at the last fall's elec lii tih weeded roost of them out and replaced them with reliable, pledged Radicals. Pec inning with the Senate, we find the following changes for the better. Cop perhead MeDougall, ol California, Is "kicked mil" oy his constituents whom he lias for tlx years disgraced, and Is replaced by a good Radical, Cornelius Cole. lion. Orris *5, Ferry, R*. J lcal. takes the place held by Foster, (Dixon has two years longer In which to misrepresent Connecticut.) Cattell and Frcllnghnysen, both Radicals, have taken the seals lately occupied by Stockton and Wright, Copperheads. New York places Roscoe Conkllng, a bold, sturdy Radical, in the seat occupied by Judge Har ris, a halting, timid Republican. Nesmith, cf Oregon, a moderate Copperhead, gives, place to Corbitt, a reliable Radical. Cowan," of Pennsylvania, who tamed Copperhead and Mseiy betrayed the Republicans of Pennsylvania, will be pitch-forked out of the Senate on tbc third ofMarch, and His chair given to old Simon Cameron, who is a straight Radical, whatever else may he al logi d against him. Poor Jim Lane, who was seduced by Andy Johnson, and mined, had the manhood to makesomereparationto bis betrayed constituents, by blowing out his brains and vacating his scat—an example which. If followed by Doolittle, Cowan, Norton and Dixon, would have saved 1 a little remnant of their formcrrcoutallons. The other changes on the RepubMcanjsldc have consisted in replacing Radical Senators with successors equally radical, as H irlan for Kirkwood, of Iowa; Drake for Brown, of Missouri; Morrill for Poland, of Vermont; Patterson for Fogg, of New Hampshire: Morton for Lanc,of Indiana. Trumbull, Nye, Pomeroy, Ross, Howe, all Radicals, arc re elected. The Copperheads have gained one in Maryland, displacing Creswcll, Radical, and electing Swann, renegade Republican. This hasty snrvey of the Senate exhibits a gratiiyirg reinforcement of backbone. Sev eral unsound and doubtful sticks have been taken omt of the edifice and replaced with sound and proven timber. Let ns take a look into the next Honsc of Representatives. Beginning with Massa chusetts. General Batter takes the place of Alley. The change was made to seenre a man who is not afraid of Andy John son or the rebels, and who has the nerve to apply the axe at the root of the tree. Alley was a mild-mannered, inconspicuous nnd the Old Bay State wanted a Thn ah brain and fearless radicalism. , ~, , e .* 'V»w England States selected the bet Radicals f 4 ch were made. New York u. v.. -j - m..~v Bourt*on*—Raymond nnd Davis—who kept up a constant fire in the rear, on their fellow Republicans. They would neither act with their party nor leave It; they made them selves Intolerable nuisances. Bat In a few days their voices will be beard no more In Congiess. The "Plug-Ugly" Morrissey takes the place of the ** little villain," and a rad ical Irishmen, General Dennis McCarthy, re places tbc reactionist Davis. Some other changes were made for the batter In the New York delegation. Genual Van AVyek, a gallant Radical, supplants Winfield, Copperhead, and Robertson. Radi cal, supplants Radford, Copperhead, and Cornell.* Radical, supplants XlubbelU Cop perhead. These gains vastly more than make good the loss of Raymond, Dodge and Darling—all three of whom vote against the Republicans as often as with them. Pennsylvarla has no “cork-legged Repub licans" in her delegation; nnd she has eject ed taro very bad Copperheads, Stronsc and Dawson, nnd given their scats to two staunch Radicals, General' Cake and “Live Oak" John Covodc. Pennsylvania will cast eighteen Radical voles, on every ques tion. New Jersey has rid herself of that pestiferous Copperhead Jack Rogers, and given his place to General Hill. Radical. Ohio has one “Conservative” In the Re publican flock, J. R. Hubbell. He has a dangerous hankering after “my policy,"and Is generally found on test, questions on the Cop]»crhead side of the partition fence. His eonctitucj.ts, thinking they could as well af lord to keep a Radical In Congress os the other districts, gave this “conservative** young man a permanent leave of absence and employed C. S. Hamilton to represent Hum. Tbc Republicans of Indiana, finding them selves “stuck” with one of the Do.iIUUc breed, lost no lime In gelling rid of him. Tom. Stillwell went overboard and under like a lla»h, and General Shanks, a reliable Radical, takes blf place. Tbe Fort Wayne District bad a fair man—a Republican, but not an ultra Republican. This was not enough to suit the public de mand. Tbc district was boned to have a Representative equal in radicalism to Julian, of tbe “ Burnt District,” and therefore they gently set aside Octrees and chose Major Williams. Illinois has Improved her delegation by electing General Raum from Egypt, and Norman B. Judd fiom Chicago. Egypt could not stand Kuykendall’s “my policy” proclivities, and Chicago conld not tolerate Wentworth’s high-wlne, blzh-tariff and low currency* habits and hobbles. Kuykendall was right on taxation and currency, but wrong on reconstruction; and Wentworth was righi.on “liberty,” but wofully wrong on “cccnonty.” So they were both set aside as unsound timber. General Logan, the brave and gallant soldier, was elected by tbe State at large, not that Moulton bad given any cause of offence, for be is as true as steel; but Logan was selected to honor tbc soldiers and reward one of them who bad done bis country signal service. The other States had not been cursed w ilh cork-lcirged Republican members, and but few changes were necessary to make. Our friend Griuncll, over In lowa, who la right on everything else, had “wool on the brain,” and his constituents concluded to pivc him a vacation till he can get rid of it. Hasson, a man of decided talents, from the same State, having exhibited some symptoms of weakness of the spinal column, was relieved by his constituents of official care, who ordered General Dodge to report to Speaker Colfax for duty. Towa Is a terribly exacting State on public servants. They must be like Caisar’s wife, not only pore,but above suspicion. Wisconsin adds General C. C. Wasbbnmc to ber delegation. Tbc “Washbumc family” arc good stock, and can always be dspended upon. Michigan, Minnesota, Kansas, and Nebras ka scut nothing but straight Radicals. They don’t keep anything else. Missouri has cho sen eight Radicals of the first water. There are twenty-nine members to be elect ed in the spring and summer from the fol lowing Slates: Connecticut, Rhode Island. New Hampshire, Kentucky. Tennessee and California. ~ _ The first three named will return Radicals. Kentucky will elect, perhaps, an entire dele cation of Copperheads. Tennessee, by tbc aid of the black Republicans, will elect six or seven, perhaps eight, leadcr-hcaricd Rad leals of the stripe of Governor Brownlow. California will elect all Radicals. Such will be the material that will con stitutc the next Congress. On the recon- Btmctlon question It. UtUo Unger "111 bo thicker tharflts predecessor’s loins. It Uthc product of the elections of 1800, and not of 1604. It was not elected on the weak Balti more platform while the soldiers were away from home doing dreadful and doubtful bat tle, but it was elected by them after their victorious return. A far different spirit will animate the Congress than the old one. The Cowardly irresolution which has curs ed and poralyzed the Tulrty-nlnth Congress will not afflict the Fortieth. The poltroons and aposlalfcs, the croakers and the Iraprac tlcablcs, have mostly all been, eradicated from both the House of Representatives and the Senate. His Accldcncy will have to de port himself circumspectly, drop the rccon structlon business, and dcvo’c his time to his legitimate duties of seeing that the laws arc enforced and obeyed. He wilt have a Con gress to deal with that will bite os well as bark. Ko more circle-swinging,will bo tolerated; no more threats ofcoup d'etat, or of playing the role of Ctesar, mnA be indulged in. AH that sort of peiformanccsis “ played out.” The new Congress means business. The work of reconstruction mast proceed oa a loyal basis; and Andy -Johnson’s rebel bogus contrivances will be tans ceremonie, set aside, and the structures of plvil Government re built ujfon foundations laid on the solid rock of Equal Rights. If Johnson behaves himself properly bis past offences and misdemeanors may be overlooked. If he don’t, the ” rebel in the While House” will be ejected us sum matlly as the forms of the Constitution will permit. TUB VIBUIMiNS. Tbc Richmond T Vhtg declares that “ the present generation of Virginian* must pass away, and their sons and sons' sons," before Virginia will seek representation In Congress through the means prescribed In the Senate Reconstruction Bill. Wo have no doubt of the truth of the MVhto't statement, at least so for os tbc piescnt generation of white Virginians Is concerned; and It is Air this very reason that Congress should bare left nothing either to tbc discretion or voluntary action of the rebels, In the matter of recon struction. No plan will suit them or command tbclr voluntary support that secures Justice to the negro, or interferes with tbo existing rebel supremacy. Thvro fore Congress should have provided fur an immediate organisation offitatc Governments under the plan of reconstruction which H Anally adopted. If such a provision had been ndded to the bill, and tbo “ present genera tion of Virginians” should think it beneath their dignity to take part In such an organi zation, nolMxiy In the world would object. They could slay at homo oil tholr lives, If such should bo their choice, watting vainly lor the pillars of society and government to lull because of their withdrawal from public affair*. There Is another "generation of Virginians” than the one spoken of by the Richmond Whig. If the F. F. V.’s ore too proud, too high headed, to help form a Government on a loyal basis, with universal suffrage, the negroes are ready to take bold of this work. There arc, besides, several thousand while men in Virginia who are loyal to the Gov ernment ol the United States, and will most cheerfully go to work and organize aa soon as Congress gives them the word. With the help of the negroes they will have no trouble either in organtzingaGovcrnmcntorln main taining the supremacy of tbc loyal popula tion. We hope the next Congress will promptly supply the omission of its predecessor, by directing an Immediate organization in all tbc Insurrectionary States. If the ex-slave holders prefer to stand aloof and alio w tbo loyal whites and negroes to form a Govern ment for them, we do not know of a single good reason wby they should not have their own way. But with them or without them, loyal civil Governments should be formed at once. TDE STATE HOUSE BILL. The bill for the erection of a New State House at Springfield, as it finally passed both branches of the Legislature, requires the seven Commissioners to advertise thirty days for plans and specifications, In two daily papers of Chicago aud Springfield, and one of New York and one of Philadelphia. Then they are to wait thiee months, and If any one responds to tbclr advertisement they arc to call upon tbo Committees on Public Buildings of the Senate and House, to come to Springfield, and if a majority of these Committees and of the seven Commissioners can agree upon a plan, the Commissioners are to be bound by it and proceed accord ingly. If they cannot agree we do notknow what wonld be done, were It not for the ample aud beautifully definite provisions of tbc filth section, which declares that “ the Commissioners shall select and use the most desirable material,” aud that the building “staff be constructed upon the most approved and convenient plan." That section will re move all difficulties. If the Committees on Public Buildings cannot agree, all that the Commissioners have to do is to go ahead with the most durable material and tbc moat convenient plan. If a majority should be in favor of building In the foimof the Egyp tian Pyramids, their authority is ample. If they become enamored of the Ohio State House model, which icjcrablcs a dlstribat- inp rcscivoifj they can adopt that. There is placed at their immediate find the t&)0,000 the city of Springfield Is expected to pay for the grounds and build ings now used by the State. This money It lict arc authorized to spend la the most ap proved and convenient manner, and there la no reason to doubt that they will d j 50..; In the debate on the bill In the ITonse, It was stated that not one of the Commission < ra knows anything of such work ; that nei ther of them Is a mechanic or an architect. This, however, Is quite unnecessary, in view of the filth section. So long ss they can judge what Is ‘‘convenient,” they will be all right. It must be admitted, how ever, that the Legislature Is in i areat hurry to get a Stale House, appar ,-ntly without much regard to the sort of one they may get. If the Commissioners And that bronze Is the most durable mate rial, they will be bound to build with bronze, thirty days is a short time to adverthe for proposals for such a work. Toe planning of >uch a building ought not to bo the work of less than a year, and two years would bn belter than one. The Legislature should first have taken measures to procure a dell nltc plan worthy of the money to be expend ed, Instead of leaving U to the caprice of | seven men, none of whom, It Is said, are fa miliar with the subject. The plan onec agreed upon the by Commis sioners, everything else is In thrir bands. They ore authorized lo employ a Superinten dent and Secretary, to mane contracts for the work. The law says the cost shall not ex ci cd $3.000,000; but that amounts to u jthlug. it wilt be found, we presume, that three mil Hons will little more than get the thing un dtr way, end when that sum is expended, th; Hate will have to decide whether to go on and spend as much more, or abandon U al together, This was the experience of the State of Ohio in constructing that immense .cseivolr which is called the State Capitol. We have already pointed out the constitu tional objections to this bill. We repeal our hope and expectation Hint the Governor will veto It. riIKSKNr HATH OF DCTIKS. Some of the prohibitionists arc endeavor ing to conceal the exorbitant character of the present tariff. It Is necessary' for them to do Ibis, in order to offer any Justification or apology for an Increase of it. They affirm that It docs not exceed forty-one per cent, when they very well know It averages more than flfty-Bvc per cent on dutiable articles. Here are the exact facts, according to tbe Tnatury reports for the fiscal year ending July 1, isf-fl; Total importations were $417,133,930 Ol which were specie $i0,321»,15C free goods 68,891,579 fetal dutlab'c goods. Amount of deities received 3179,016,6)0 ' rcrccnUgeofdotyondnUsblo imports, 488-5 ncr cent. Moat of the free goods consisted of agricul tural products of the British provinces, ad mitted free under the Reciprocity Treaty. But the treaty 1* terminated, and a tax, rang ing from thirty-three to sixty per cent, is now Imposed upon imported property pur chased by our citizens in the Canadas. The act of July 28,1800, imposed from five to twenty per cent additional duty to the vliolc range of impelled articles. To the invoice valuation of goods it adds the cost of freight, insurance, commissions, storcage, whariegc, drayageand box and balcage, and on these expenses Is levied a tax which averages 49 3-5 per cent. On bulky articles, like wool, this additional Imposition equals twenty per cent, on Iron more than eight per cent, ou glass ten per cent, on cloth six to seven per cCnt, and on the whole range of imports from six to seven per cent, making the rates of duty, since July 23, ISCO, exceed per cent. I It is now proposed by the prohibitionists to Increase the import tax enormously. On some articles of prime necessity, as salt, for example, the bill before Congress actually levies a tax of 250 per cent on Imported salt, and this Is called ‘‘protecting American In dustry.” The bill, as reported to the House by the Committee of Ways and Means, ranges from 75 per cent np to 150, not includ ing the 250 per cent on salt. And the hon est Republican Journals which oppose and ex- pose this wholesale swindling scheme arc I culled ‘‘British free trsdc sheets,” and ‘‘ene mies of domestic industry!” The organs of the high tax ring are even more mendacious than the knaves they serve. Questions; —Is the present tariff that av crapesJl/ty-tiz per cent in gold on imported goods, and Increases the cost of domestic manufactures to tbo consumer flftj*slx per cent, a British free trade tariff? Is it advo cating 44 British free trade” to oppose doub ling the present cost of manufactures, do mestic as well as imported, on consumers ? Uavc consumers any rights which specula tors arc bound to respect? Are tariffs and taxes levied with the object of raising reve nue for the support of the Government, or for the purpose of taking money out of the pockets of the many and patting It Into the b?fos of the few? If times arc growing i.ard and business becoming stagnant, an •ter the weight of a fllty-siz per cent Impost tax on consumption, will Increasing the tax to seventy or eighty per cent relievo the Unsocial stringency, stimulate production and reward labor? If higher taxation and dearer goods tend to enrich the masses of the people, why should Congress stop at eighty per cent—why not make the tax eight hundred per cent, and thereby pour a golden stream of wealth Into every man’s bonds? CONFISCATION. A despatch announces that Mr. Thaddens Stevens has prepared an elaborate confisca tion scheme for the South, which ho will present In a day or tw6, and* support by a studied speech. If this bo true we beg to assure Mrr Stevens that tbo people of the North care nothlcg about the subject of confiscation, so long as the subject of recon struction is unsettled. The North Is Im pelled by co motives of revenge, and'only seeks tbc establishment of loyal Govern meats In the South on the basis of equal rights. So long as such Governments arc not established, all talk about confiscation by the Chairman of the Reconstruction Committee will sound to the country like arrant foolish ness, if nothing worse. Nor will the people forget that whatever has been accomplished in the way of reconstruction, aside from a mere proposition of military rule, has been accomplished in spite of Mr. Slovens and his committee. • We do not believe that nnder any circum stances the people of the North wilt, at this late day, approve a measure of confiscation. Tbc time Ims gone by for such a proposition. To pass such a measure now would require a spirit of vindictiveness and hatred which tho North docs not entertain. Tbo North means that freedom and equality shall bo Armly established In tho South, and that government shall bo wlcldedjby tho friends of tho Union, but beyond this It de sires nothing. Tho North Is wholly bent up on measures of Justice, cud not at all upon measures of Injustice or retaliation. Tho public sentiment would revolt against the inlllellon of any general system of punish- ment on tho msssCM ol tho South, and while tl would unquestionably have sustained tho oxcentlon of the more guilty loaders In trea son, It Ims no dralro to Impoverish or oppress the people ol the Southern Slates. On thu contrary, tho wish of thu North Is to culti vate feelings of amity and good frollng, founded upon correct principles; and In this there will bo no difficulty as soon as Governments are organized on a proper and permanent basts. Tho South has been already Impoverished; Its wealthy families, thousands of them, bavo been re duced from aAlucncc to poverty. Confis cation would retard rather than promote tbc restoration of tho South. It would plant feuds and breed neighborhood qnarrcls from which capital and immigration would recoil. As soon os order and protection arc assured, both will flow thither In a bountiful stream, nor will there be any dlfllcalty In purchasing as many plantations at low prices as may bo sought alter by Northern men. Give the country reconstruction on tho basis of universal suffrage, and it will require but a few years to change tbc whole structure of society In tbc Sonth, without confiscation, without vindictive measures of any klod.and wit bout even ihe disfranchisement of the rebel population. CONTKACrZON AND HOW POUNDS, iin'ilit ago, Mr. Grinncll's resolu- tion directing the Committee ol Ways and Means to report a section In the Finance Bill, repealing the $4,000,000 per month grccnlrrk contraction clause, was adopted by twenty majority, in the noose of Rep resentatives. Our Washington despatches ycstcrd-iy Inform our readers that the House reconsidered Us previous action and struck out of the Finance Bill the very section which it had previously ordered to be Insert ed. by a vote of cfhbty-fonr to seventy-five. Among tbc Western members who voted to continue the process of burning up four mll lious of legal-tenders per month, arc John Wentworth, of Chicago ; R. P. Spalding, of Cleveland; Blow,, of St. Louis; Dumont, Julian, Hill, Kerr and Niblack, of Indiana* Eldridgc, of Wisconsin; Leßlond, of Ohio, and Harding, of Kentucky. Wentworth. In opposition to the known sentiments of nine ty-nine oer cent ot bis constituents, voted and worked for ihe contraction and bard times policy. Having thus reversed Its former action In regard to withdrawing greenbacks, the House next rejected, by forty majority, tbc Senate bill lor funding the compound inter est notes, which provided for an issue of one hundred millions of 3.05 per cent certificates of Indebtedness, for which the compound notes w ere to be exchanged as last as they fell due. In the place of tho Senate plan, the House adopted, by thlriy-ono majority, a short bill entitled “an act to provide for tbc landing of compound interest notes,” which authorizes the Secretary of tbc Treis ..,v, one uuuuicu imfuous ui pmia I legal tenders, or greenback currency, la place of tbc compound Interest notes to be redeemed. Thls Is exactly the policy which this jour ual bos advocated and recommended to Con 'cress for adoption. The compound interest notes arc legal tenders, and are held by tho banks as a portion of their reserves required by law. When due they are redeemable in greenbacks. Tbev arc now drawing interest at the rate of seven per cent—couni log the compound—and a hundred millions of them, with nineteen millions of accrued interest, will be due wllblu a year. To redeem :ucm with an equal amount of plain legal leaders, U obviously •.be proper course to pursue, as It will pre- vent u sudden and destructive contraction of Hie cuneucy and wIU stop seven millions of interest. Tbc Senate scheme would stop but three millions. But we have little hope Hint tbc House will adhere to Its present po rtion. It has no fixed policy on anything. It fluctuates ns much on finance and taxation ia on reconstruction. It is one thing to-day and something else to-morrow. If persistent in any course it is that of helping the lobby to rob the people, under tbo pretence of “protecting American industry.” It lasts but a few days longer and the country will breathe cosier when It expires. TilK HAK.ItOVO Dlt-I.S. Tbc consideration of the Railroad Bill oflVrcdlntbc Senate by Mr. Fuller, and of General Ilnrlbut's House bill, has been post poned In tbc Senate until tho 4th of July next. Senator Mack has a Railroad BUI which ho professes a desire to have passed. We rc6|>cctfully suggest that since the 4th of July, ISffT, Is already provided for, Sena tor Mack's bill he postponed until the 4th of July, IS(VS. If copies of the measure arc na incrous, they would serve a good purpose lit lighting bonfires on that occasion. We hope Senator Mack’s bill may travel the same road laken-by the others. The only use In passing It would be to enable cer tain Commissioners to draw a large (alary from tbc State, and advise the railroads to reduce tbclr rates. The Legislature bad bet ter give the advice gratuitously, by passing a simple Joint resolution. If the will cot heed tbc supplicating voice of tbc as sembled wisdom of tbc State, it Is not likely icy will teed the agents of the assembled wisdom. We object to Mr. Mack’s bill, be cause It proposes to create a number of new salaried officers without any ascertained pur pose. Mr. Mack’s commission would be Just os useful as a commission to regulate tbe fogs on the Illinois River, and not more so. Piling It On.—An Associated Press des patch says: 109,150,733 “ ih- Ways and Means Committee have made two hundred and seventy amendments to tbe Taritl 1411, alt ot which will have to be considered m both Houses.” The Senate had previously made more than a hundred “amendment*” to the bill, pro posed by the Special Revenue Commissioner, Mr. Well*. Each amendment made the duties higher than In the bill, and now we are Informed that the Way* and Means Com mittc have place 270 additions on top of those piled on by the Senate. This is “protecting” the interests of the thirty odd millions of American consumer* with a ven geance. jgw-The New York World declared that “it Is not possible for any Democrat who loves his country, who desires the present disunion to be ended, or who regards his oath of fidelity to the Constitution,’’ to vote for the Shciman Reconstruction Bill. It seems that cither the World, or Kcvcrdy Johnson, Is entirely mistaken. That gentle* man not only voted for the Sherman bill, but he voted for it after the Shcliabarger amend* ment bad been added to lU If the World is right, Mr. Johnson neither loves bis country nor desires the present disunion to be ended, nor regards his oath of fidelity to thcConstl* tntlon. ** Senator Mnnn warned his Republi can brethren that If the Cairo Penitentiary Bill were defeated it would ruin the party.” So soys onr report of the proceeding In the Stale Senate on Wednesday last. Senator Munn is entirely mistaken. The Republican party in Cairo may be feeble, but U does not need a Penitentiary to recruit from. A Pen itentiary has contributed larcely to the ruin of one party In Illinois. A parly that Is in danger ol being ruined for the want of a Pen itentiary is aUcady ruined. Such is not the condition of the Republican party ol Illinois C*Tlt was discovered yesterday that the Warehouse dll bad been tampered with after Us passage. It was necessary, !n con sequence, to suspend the rules and pass the bill with a supplementary act to correct it The Governor has probably signed it before this. The matter should be thoroughly In vestigated and the guilty persons brought to exemplary punishment. It is evident that the lobby is desperate whom such measures ‘as this are resorted to. INDIANS. Heavy Suit for False Impris- onment. The Sons of Liberty.: The New Congressional Apportion- meat [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] litntAjtAroua, Ind., February 2|. The domestic treason which threatened to involve our State in civil war during the years ISC3 and 18W has not yet ceased to dls • qnlet ns. The order of the Sons of Liberty still hangs to Indiana, as the old man of thq sea did to Sinbad the Sailor. I fancy I bear some one say, " I thought we had done with that rotten concern long ago!” Many of us Indulged such a hope, bat it has proved to bo a vain one. The order has come again In sight, and Is the same disturber of the public peace that it has been heretofore. The facts connected with Us reappearance are about as follows: Andrew Humphreys, one of the five Major Generals of the treasonable order, and who was arrested at the same time with Bowles, Milligan, and Horsey, and who was. after conviction, released by General Ilovey, the dis trict commander, on the ground that the evidence against him was not so strong as against his confederates in crime, upon his return home brought suit against the Captain and soldiers of the Indiana Lesion who had arrested him, fur false imprisonment, laying his damages at |2. , i,000. Tho suit was brought In the Sullivan Cir cuit Court, before a Copperhead Judge, and tho allegations of the complaint were sub stantially ds follows: “That the at dec., In Qrccno County, on tho 7th day of October, 1841, made an assault upon the plaintiff, and ar rested and earned him by force to LluUm, In said county, thcuco to Hulllvau. aud thence to the city ol Indianapolis, where he was confined and'lmprisoned in tho Government building for a period of threw mouths ; that he was removed from thence to n dungeon in the Soldlcra* Finnic,whore hn wan confined for a further period of three mouths. Thu urrcsland Imprisonment are alleged to hnvu been without probable cause, and the ex penses Incurred In procuring his release are particularly enumerated." Tho defendants, McCormack, who* was the . Captain, and others, apf*ared by counsel and moved tho Court, upon a petition then fllud, which was duly verified by nllldavll “ to re move tho causa to the United Slates Circuit Court for the District of Indiana,” which motion the Court overruled. Tho defend ants excepted to this ruling, and filed their bill of exceptions, which was signed by the Judge, and tbo record was-takcn to tho Sn- prone Court, for review, and Judgment was then rendered In the Sullivan Court against the defendants, who made default, for the sum ot £25.000, damages and costs. The Judgment of the Supreme Coart was render ed on Monday last, the opinion being de livered by Ray, Chief Justice. It Is some what lengthy, but the point Is as to whether the fifth section of the act of Congress of 1803, authorizing the transfer of each suits from the State to the Federal Courts, is con stitutional. The Court were unanimous in declaring in the affirmative, after a careful review of all the authorities, and made an order revising the Judg ment of the Sullivan Circuit Court, with costs, end directing that Court to pass upon the sufficiency of any bond that may be offered under the law of Congress, and. If such bond be approved, to proceed no further in the case. This decision, of coarse, puts an end to the suit In question, and furnishes both prece dent and authority for the summary squelch ing of all similar suits, ns the fourth section of the act of Congress furnishes such a com plete defence to such actions as will be recog nized and enforced in all the Federal Courts. The Legislature is really doing a good busi ness In the way of bringing np delayed legis lation. The Congressional Apportionment Bill has passed both llouscs, and is now a la«, and, as it is a matter of some import ance to your Indiana readers, 1 venture to make a synopsis of its provisions, os follows: The counties of Posey, Vanderhurg, War rick, Spencer. Perry, Pike, Gibson, Knox and Daviess, shall constitute the First Dig it let. The counties of Dubois, Crawford, Harri son, Floyd, Clark, Scott, Washington, Mar tin, Orange and Jackson, shall constitute the Second District. The counties of Jefferson. Switzerland, Ohio, Dearborn, Ripley, Jennings, Bartholo mew and Decatur, shall constitute the Third District. , _ The counties of Shelby, Rush, Franklin. Union, Fayette. Wayne and Hancock, shall constitute the Fourth District. The connli s of Brown. Morgan, Johnson, Mat ton, Hendricks and Putnam, shall consti tute the Fifth District. The counties of SuHvan, Green, Owen. Clay, Vigo, Parke, Vermillion, Monroe and Lawrence shall constitute the Sixth District. The counties of Fountain, Montgomery, Borne, Clinton, Tippecanoe, Wamn, Ben ton and Carroll, shall constitute the Seventh The counties of Hamilton, Madison. Grant, Tipton, Howard, Miami, Cass and Wabash, shall constitute the Eighth District. - The counties of Henry. Delaware, Ran dolph, Jay. Blackford. Wells. Adams aud Allen, shall constitute the Ninth District. The couct'ca of Kosciusko, Whitley, Hun* tine ton. Noble DcKulb. Steuben. Lagrange iii*i Elkhart, shall constitute the Tenth DU* trlct. The counties of White, Newton, Jasper, Pulaski, Fulton, Marshall, Starke, SU Jo* sepb, Laporte, Porter and Lake, shall con biiiulc the Eleventh Eisirict. There’s o good joke connected with the palace of the bill. As it originally passed the Senate, It lelt the Vigo District (former 1} tbc,Scvcnth. but now the Sixth,) the same ns it has been /or tcu years post. Bayless W. Hanna, who represents Vigo and Snllivtin counties in the Senate, was delighted with this arrangement, for the dis trict was very close, and he has indulged large expectations ot being the next Demo* erotic nominee tor Congress. But when the bill was sent to the House, they changed It by taking away Putnam County (which Is a tie. politically,) from that district and pat* ling on Monroe and Lawrence, both of which arc Republican counties. The bill thus amended passed the House on Monday even* lug. Baylcss beard of It and remarked to a friend, “ fhcy’ll have a sweet time getting that amendment through the Senate.*' But alas! "the best laid plans of mice and men gang aft aglcc," for Bay* less, yielding to the siren voice of the tempter, cot on a little lark that night, ond consequently neither the morn ing sun nor the breakfast gong served to arouse him from his heavy slumbers. And, as lack would have it, the Radical Senator Bennett happened to go Into Baylcss' room after breakfast, and observed him In his somnolent condition. A brilliant thought struck him. Ho hurried up to the House, got the clerks to hurry up the engrossment of the hill, had It sent into the Senate, and then quietly moved that the Hoasc amend ments to Senate Bill No. be concurred in, and, nobody suspecting any trap, It was so ordered by consent. About ten a. m. Baylcss got np, washed his face, oiled his curling black locks, swal low ed a late breakfast, and sauntered up to the Senate to find himself completely done for, bis aspirations for Congressional honors summarily squelched, and all that could be done In the premises was to repeat the solemn lines, “ I never had a piece of bread. However lone or wide, Bnt w hen It fell upon the floor, ’fwas on the butter side.*’ The Legislative Apportionment BUI Is mak ing good progress. St* Denis. Terrible State of society and Affair* In Texas. Texas, February 11 To the Editor ot the Chicago Tribune: 1 bare sat down to write, bat have some | doable as to whether I ought not to be pre paring to leave Texas, and go where my life ( more safe than it Is here In Ellis ( by Governor Hamilton Chief Justice of the county, ano felt that 1 would be safe in the discharge of my official duty as long as I continued in office; but it Is very different now. Murders of some kind arc of almost every-day occurrence, and Union men are most commonly the victims. Judge Doyle, of HHI County, who was appointed Chiet Justice at the same time that 1 was, togeth er with bis son, was murdered at his own house on the 30lU oflast month. The murder* ers inquired particularly about me and other Union men, saying they had a good many to kill yet, though the crcat object in killing the Doyles was to get their money. The people here seemed generally well disposed until Johnson commenced war on Corgress. In March last, white the State Convention was in session, the two parties nominated their candidates for Governor and other State officers. The Union party thought they had a chance of electing their candidates. Governor Hamilton and others intended to take the stump ; but under the lead of Johnson the rebellious fccllog rose, and Hamilton and bis friends (at least, some of them,) thought it necessary to leave the Slate to save their lives. . 1 believe I am the only man In this county : that boldly opposed Johnson and bis policy, and tor this 1 lost some friends who stood by me during the war. and now that party is doubly stimulated by the late decisions of the Supreme Court. They say now that with the Court and the President on their side they can succeed. They are growing very bold, and talk strongly of war. On be ing asked how they will dispose of the negroes m d Union men, some of them say they will clean them up first. I learn by good authority that Governor Throckmorton wrote to a man in this county - that the bills to territorialize the States, con fiscate the property of the South, and im peach the President would pass, but the ‘Governors would bo required to hold on to ttaelr offiaes and require all officers la the UU to pay no attention to the acts or Congress, so that when the I President Is Impeached war would commence Id addition to tbU Benjamin Epperson, who was elected to Congress in this district, writes from Washington to a man In this count j, that it Is his opinion that, war will commence within ninety days. A nei' bbor of mine recently returned from Tennessee, says that many people think that within four years the negro will again be come the property of his former owner. Some people say that 1,500,000 soldiers could be raised in tbe South to fight with France against the United States. From these facts yon can draw your own conclusions. If the Stevens’ Reconstruction Bill becomes a law, Congress should provide an army to enforce it In tbe South. God only knows whatwlll be the fate of such men as 1 and Sambo. Ton can use Ibis as you think proper, but don’t expose tbe author. 1 have lived in Indiana from 1610 to 1533. but since then In Texas. X. LITERATURE. Notice* of Recent Pnl>licatloD«. NEW AMERICA. By William Hipwoin-n Dixo*. With Illustrations. Crown ocuro. 1’MlaooI phls: J. B. LJpplncott Si Co. IW7. Mr. Dixon’s hastily prepared “New Amer ica” is out, and we are disappointed. About a country which combines most of the excellencies and many of the faults of cvciy nation in history, Mr. Dixon has little to present save tho hackneyed Small talk con cerning onr hotels, rowdies, tho sharp ers, beef-steak, whiskey, ladies, trappers. ilbboLs, clairvoyants, dirt, cigars, snakes, prairie-dogs, pistols, ahautle*, lynching,aud so lortb, all of which, wbco multiplied bv the ribaldry of former travellers, npon our comp meetings, Injects, elections, house movlngs, queer phrases, dress, bags, lingo, parsons, politicians, faces, opinions and cur- iosity, give us tho capacity of British com mentators on, America. Mr. Dixon has neither the genius of TocqucvlHo or Lou gel, nor the great llttlcncrssof Dickens, to appreciate our tnstltutiuus or to describe our aristocratic pigs sod deliver dignified twaddle. He can neither worship nt tho foul ol Niagara with tho pool, nor count our resources with Morton I’ulo. Ho cannot sue I’ultky's dim destiny of democracy In red, while slid black-races; nor cun ho feel Lady Won ley’s sentimentality. Ho can neither manipulate “bumps” with Spurr.helm, nor talk with tho songsters of our foruula like Charles Bonaparte. Hu cannot hunt creased boulders with Agassi* ; nor.can lie chew crab-apples with oar own Hawthorne. Hu cannot see the rocks and fossils that Lyell saw; oud he does not acknowledge the progress that Miss Mar ilneuu beheld. He has not the cleverness of Mins Bremer, to note our ladies* dresses, mode or dancing, cooking, portrait pencil ling and gossip; and ho fulls to comprehend the American Idea, which he so prettily He Is not competent states in his preface. to measure oar school houses as Chambers did ; and be has not the elements of romance to appreciate the Dutch cable over which He tries to be Ampere could get ecstatic. witty, like Butterfield in Germany; but be lias no hnmor r and it Is difficult to work up a laugh at his Jokes. lie tries to be chatty like Thackeray; bat his chat falls into vulgar parlance. lie is a tritler. Toe best passage we have found is in the I‘hafder on the red man. In discussing the influence of the Saxon and ludlan upon each other, ihe author thus thoughtfully dls- courses “Noraccofmen ever yet drove ont an other race of men from any country, taking tuelr lauds and cities from them, without finding on the spot which ihcv came to own. a local genius which affected their polity, their usages, and their arts. Man is a living power, acting and rc-acting on bis fellow, through a natural law.-w All force is relative. If the sliong act upon the weak, the weak re act upon the strong. Numbers are strength; and should the higher race have the disad vantage of being few in number, they will full in some measure to the level of their slaves, in spite of their first superiority in >hy<ical gifts and in moral power. Tbus.thc toman masters of Greece adopted the art, the language, the religion, and at length the country they bad won by the sword. The Norman hero became an English ; gentlemen. After three generations, the settlors under Strongbow proved themselves more Irish iu feeling than the Celts. Duke Hollo’s soldiers softened into Sicilians.” The editor of the London AIAm/rum, In his anxiety to be Dixonian, writes “water-part ing ” for water abed; and delivers himself of questionable pet words in abundance. “ Fa lever” is often repeated. Orthography is held in contempt. When he takes the reader with him upon the plain, his pistols arc con- stactly brought into notice,, just as little boys unceasingly talk about their first breeches, and, wc suspect, for about the -ante reason. A score of jokes concerning the “ Imperial mail ” arc imposed upon the reader; and hanging men without judge or jury is made a subject of jest. Wc arc fre quently reminded of the “ buuch-grass which the buffalo loves,” aad much more frequently of the cigir and brandy, which, we are convinced, Mr. Dixon loves. Indeed, tobacco and Brigham VAKHn'i (VtnnnhtnM K« J—U- »»ltcn OS types of the Pall Mail editor’s Ideals. In ” the Western country,” Mr. Dixon’s driver “ tumbled into sleep,” and the editor found him “snorting in his nook!” The antelope nastiircß were cut Into “firo halves” by the Smoky Hill route. Will the author cut them Into fArcr halves? The earnest man of let ters finds “as neat a machine for throwing blu&s into a man’s flesh as an artist in mur der could desire to seeand “the art of rip ning up an adversary’s side” is discussed in the same category. Cockney rrjinement I In •i parenthesis the traveller is cautioned against the tickle-grass which creeps up •‘your pantaloons the faster you fret and wony.” Whala,/hsf frctterl A wonderful I cloud, as big as a prairie-dog, grows to the 1 •i?.c of a buffalo, and then overspreads the heavens. Such a cloud.' And “this Indian ;nct” is sncli a queer fret. There are Eoclisb ■nets and Yankee tacts and Indian facts. What docs the editor of the AfVmnon mean by “ curling np bis legs in the hoot” while riding on a box? And here Is a sample of the manner in which (he possessive ease is written : “It is the Delawares’ fault that be cannot.” Again, passive verbs are made to do duly for active ones. “ Hot dough, which they call cake, yon may have though yon will flod it hard to cal.” 44 House to rent” Is a par allel ease. Cukes do not cat, and house' do not rent. But we come upon some powerful writing, quite worthy of that great man Pickwick, H.C., M. P. C. Mr. Dixon rum- Me* in a tp agon over stones and grass and Mind, across creeks alTd water-ruts “ ttiat would murder any man outright from sheer exhaustion, were It not.” What naughty stones and ruts to murder poor Mr. Dixon ! Then, poets ramble on foot, but this distln mulshed Urlton prefers to ramble with mules and a go-cart. And this most recent of our British censors says ot the horseman on the plains: “He has a dollar In his pocket to pay for the delicious diaro.” May bo the learned odltorroeant •* nlvcrablt” or ‘‘nary a red.” Witness this choice selection of terms : “A lonely mall station called by pious fiction ‘Tine Groveand “happily for him, snow Jobber* and numbs an Indian's feet as quickly ns it ehllls a Yengee’s.” And note what a fine tone Mr. Dixon has pat Into this exquisite humor: “ With the help of a little copnac and tobacco (taken os a medicine) we resume oar journey” ; and tee gladly leave this questionable stylist to the trappers and ranchmen for whom and money he seems to have made his book. But we ought tell the readers of the Tm hone that Mr. Dixon “ had the honor to make the acquaintance” of one Alice,an ille gitimate daughter among forty living Ulegiti | mate children of a religious impostor who I calls himself the Grand Archee of the Order I | of the Gods ; Indeed, the present traveller, I thinks the “acquaintance might be called a •rlendshlp.” Our author has no pent up in dignation against the most successful confi dence man that ever lived. When in Rome he does as the Romans do, and makes the most ot the situation ; just as some Protest ant toad-eaters on the Tiber talk reverently of the “Holy Father,” meaning that old tdgot, Pius the Ninth, and actually allow themselves to be presented to him kneeling at his feet. Mr. Dixon docs not seem to know that Mormonlsm Is the meanest kind of falsehood, a lie by design, a Heby the ad mission of Joe Smith, a lie by the testimony of more than sixty disinterested witnesses under oath, a scheme of robbery under Brigham Young, a victimizing domination , of priest craft; treason,oppression, polygamy, organized retrogression, a gigantic swindle in the sacred name ot religion. Verily this book seems to have been made to order, so scnatlonally Is it wrought down to the exigencies of the trade. We arc apt to think however, that the author has not made his chatty talk the prototype of himself. Uc Is a different sort of man in the New America from what he is in Pall Mall. Like the spring colt out of the yard, or Sweet Sixteen escaped from her governess, or the truant in his stolen holiday, be gets to rollicking, and unlike the colt, the boy and the damsel, he sits down to write in the midst of his tun. MASSACHUSETTS IX THE REBELLION. A Record of tbe Historical Position of the Com mocwcaUh, and tbe Services of the leading Statesmen, the Military, the Colleges and the People, la tbe Civil War of ISSI-OX Bv P. C. Itaasixr. Author of “Josephine,” etc. etc. fivo. Cloth. Pages 68S. Boston; Walker, Fuller A Co. Stereotyped and printed by Geo C. Hand A Avery. Sold by George A C. W. Sherwood. Ctucaro. A vast store of materials has been con densed Into a volume leas bulky and more convenient than we arc accustomed to ace. There ate thirty-two engtaved portraits, of which Senators Snmner and Wilson, ex- Governor Andicw and Hon- Edward Everett comprise the frontispiece. Tbe book la divided Into three parts. The first treats upon the historical position of ibe Common wealth at the commencement of the war; the second acts forth the exploits of Massa chusetts In the field; the third presents us to tbe State “at home.” A copious lo'lox la | oJdcd; and m havo found It reliable. Thla la an excellent feature of all fact-hooka; and It la not a little strange that so many rear annals should bo brought out without anv means of finding tbe faclaso dllgcntv advertised. Mr. Headley his done hla duty _,U. He has the dlsctlmlnatlon. the. industry and the true fooling of a com piler. Ho evldcdtly presumes that error, have crept Into hla book; and, though not an apology for untruth. It la no amall palliation for want of the whole troth, to know that, while the Individual deeds of greatness nre yet nncrysUUUcd, so to speak, a perfect record ol our war and Its henovo lence Is wellnlgh Impossible. Massachusetts certainly possesses an envi able record. The Stale was better colonized than any country In history, save only Rhode Island. It was an ardent nationality of re ligionists and deeply earnest devotes of lib erty. The Puritanic compact of government is the truest and most beautiful expression of representative democracy that has over been given to the world. The tendency of the New England race, in the colony and In the State. In the days of peace and in the strife of war, has ever been toward the high er and nobler destinies of man. The Bay Slate gave the Idea of federation to the North American Confederacy of 1774. It cave tone to the revolutionary sentiment of 1776, and immolated the first blood on tbe altar of Independence; it furnished more troops for that war than all the colonies south of tbe Susquehanna, three times as many as New York and more than twice as many as Pennsylvania; In peace it took the leading place la thought and literature, and its schoolmasters were found In every district ol the Union; it gave us statesmen such as John Quincy Adams, Horace Mann, Charles Sumner and Henry Wilson, to ever hold In contrast the public virtue of real ropublicon* Urn and Clio expediency of political trlllers; It was ihc party of tho movement in the Kan sas troubles; It set tbe example ol tbe first benevolent society lor Hie relief of suffering soldiers In 16dt; it scut tbe first regiment to Washington: It had representatives among tho heroes of almost every Western regi ment; It gore thirteen thousand men to tho service above tho demands of it* quota, fur* libbing nearly a hundred omV sixty thou ■and, and from tho Hpnngflold armory wont forth eight hundred thousand musket*; though lhtrty*lonrth In urea and seventh In imputation ami wealth, It stands second only to New York in contributions to the Internal revenue; it gave from Boston alone a, benevolence of nearly twenty thousand dollars a month, and n single fklr brought 1 to the aid of the soldier a hundred am) fifty thousand dollars. The donations of our clt- Izens counted express charges of live thou sand dollars. One city gave near a quarter of a million. Twenty-five per cent of many salaries was contributed ;• and all clashes of women united In the good work. A kind old lady of near a hundred winters knitted sixteen dozens of stockings for the soldiers of her State. At the close of the fourth year of the war four hundred and thirty-foor officers, whose commissions bore the seal of Massachusetts, or who bad been promoted by the President to higher than regimentd commands, bad tasted death for universal free dom and national unity. So great

was the self sacrifice of officers that it became a common saying among the Rebel troops that “ fewer of thaMassachn setts officers would have been killed if they had not been too proud to surrender”; to which Brigadier-General Lander thus cava lierly confesses: Proud of each rock and wood and glen;- Of every river, lake and plaiu: Prom! of the calm and carrot mca* Who claim the rl»bt and will to reign.’ 1 Wc would fain quote more of the stirring lyrics of the Massachusetts poets, and linger longer with those dead heroes; but we arc admonished to break olf this talk and send loith Mr. Headley’s book with our best wishes. It is hoped that this compact, well digested, neatly printed, attractively bound uunal will find its way into the inner pre sence of certain newspaper offices of the W’cst, where treason was nourish ed and Massachusetts falsified. As to the loyal, twenty thousand sons of New England in Illinois and sixty or seventy thousand In the West, together with our own noble peers of the Massachusetts dead, and all who set truth above lies, liberty above bondage, security above aonreby, real chivalry above braggadocio, union above seccssion.T-all such citizens will welcome Mr. Headley’s book to an honorable place in the libraries of the Northwest. DICTIONARY OF THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS, complied as a .Manual of Reler encc for me legislator and Statesman. By Lanhan. Third Edition: Revised and brought down to July 23. 1:00. Washing ton: Government Priming OlUce. The anthor of this book of facts has the true spirit of a compiler; and his “labor saving machine ” goes forth in the third edi tion with a modest prefatory desire to be useful. Not being a politician, he claims it a small effort to be Impartial; and we believe Ids industry aud impartiality will meet their reward. Among the contents we find biographical data of the Senators, Representatives aud Delegates; Successive Sessions ol Congress; Speakers of the House; Presidents of the Senate ; Clerks of the House; Chaplains to Congress; Successive Administrations; Pres idential Electors; the Supreme Court; Min islets to Foreign Countries ; the Declaration ot Independence; Delegates to the Continen tal Congress; Articles of Confederation ; the Constitution; Executive Departments; States and Territories; Population ; Gov \'niors; Rights of Suffrage; Qualifications tor Governors, Senators, Representatives. TIIK COMPLETE ANGLER; or. the Contem plative MatTs Kccreatlon v O r Walton aaa Vbailes Cetton. Halted by John Major. Clolh. Peres44s Price €t.S(>. Boston: Lillie, Brown A Co. I&G7. Sold by S.-C. Griggs & Co., Chi cago. Ir.aak Walton, born in 1503, lived to the age of ninety ycais; and bis legacy to the men of these limes is r method of catching fish and cooking them. And though this wo*k ot three generations has a look of smallness, it Is not in our heart to laugh at the good-natured angler, for he has left us a classical book in the fine style of the seven teenth ccntnry; and then he has lived for us a Hie of much boauty and simple happi ness. This last is a matter of considerable importance for our age, since In ISC7 the only path unfrequented is that of simplicity. Amidst the dash of our world’s finery and magnificence the only room, for distinction is In unassuming quiet. The best life of Walton is by Nlcols ; and the beet edition of the 44 Angle* '* is that of Major, which LUlle, Brown «fc Co. have so excellently broVfght out in neat type and profuse illustration. THE (SENIOR OF EDMUND BURKE. By J. L. lIATCiitLUSit, Utilcago: J* L. Uaichclder, Putv llrlicr. A pretty little volume of fifty pages, well stored with the choicest incidents In the life of the greatest statesman and the greatest prose writer that Great BriUlu has ever given to the world. ’API OR TABLEAUX AND AMATEUR THE ATRICALS. Boston: J. K. Tilton * Co. direct, Pearson A Co., Chicago. Ilore arc descriptions of upwards of a hun dred and fifty tableaux rtmnfa and drawing room plays. The lovers of the hcantlful will thank the unknown author for the best ex isting guide to one of tbo most simple and elegent of amusements. Dcstrnctlvo Fire iu Mew Albany* la* dlana. (From the Loubvtllc Journal, February 21 The alarm of fire was sounded last night from the station-box In Portland, but on proceeding to that place we found the fire to be in New Albany. About eight o'clock the new glass-works In the latter place were dis covered to be on fire. As the fire had gained considerable headway before It was discov cred, and as New Albany is not vary liberally supplied with steam engines, it was Impossi ble to pain the mastery over the devouring element until the buildings were almost to tally destroyed. As U was very little was saved, and the works will be almost an entire loss, as near as wo can now estimate, about twenty thoos sand dollars, We were unable to learn how the fire originated, or whether or not the buildings were insured. The works were owned by Captain Ed. Ford and Captain Montgomery, and had only been in operation for about one month. We under stand that they were manufacturing the very best quality ol plate glass from aand pro cured from over the New Albany A: Chicago Railroad, and that the proprietors were as ; sbted m erecting the works by the business I men ol New Albany to experiment with this I sand as suitable lor manufacturing purposes. 1 Tbc loss, then, will be seriously felt by the I citizens of that place, for the experiment was entirely successful. Tbicc People Live on Mice for several Day*. [From the Peterborough (0.) Examiner.] A melancholy tale is related to ns bv Mr. P. H. Clark, who has been back to Hatlbnr ton, of the sad end of an old banter, who lived in the township of McLintock, about forty miles Irom Ualibnrton, and one hun dred and twenty miles from Peterborough. Tbe man's name was Isaac Hunter, and he also lived by banting. It appears from what Information Mr. Clark received that Hunter lived about eight miles from any settler ; It being his usual custom to move back as set tlers moved In. Mr. Hunter, his wife and two children, lived together, but not being very thrifty, he had neglected to lay by pro visions against tbe winter, not even wood, but In a woody country this appears a little thing. About tbe 16th o! January last,they all betook themselves to the same bed, to keep from freezing, and remained there eleven days without fire. Tbvlr food then gave way when thev were forced to take the hair off some deer skins, end they ate the skins. When the skins were eaten they ate the cords out of a pair of snow shoes. At this stage the old man died, and the other** were so far spent that the corpse lay In the bed with them for three days, they notbilng able to remove It. They at last made an effort and cot It Into a corner of the sbarty, where some mice came and nibbled tbe lace aid eyes. The survivora endeavored to frighten them off, but they became so bold that they would not get away. One of the survivors at leimth ■occceded lu killing some mice, and on these mi?e wy lived until In ihc good order of Providence they were discovcu-d by two brothers named Cole, of Thorburn, who by chance passed that way. One of these men stopped with the unfortunate survivors while tbe other went to the ncsroit settlement and brought food, and by kind and careful treatment had been restored lo sufficient strength to be removed to a more comfortable place. One of those Cole* was Mr. Clark’s informant, who asserted that they were perfect skeletons when found. This la a sad Ule of backwoods life. But it must be remembered that Hunter baa it in his power to procure firewood enough to beep tie place warm, and we are also in* formed that he might have bad a nice crop of potatoes ana corn, as bo had a small “clearing,” but he neglected this, and also to lay by some venison, and the result of bis carelessness our readers have above. THE FARM AND GARDEN. PreparaUoDa-for Spring—llia Care of Mock Cuittne Scions - Transplanting Corn from Use Hot* lied—The Weather, [Agricultural Correspondence of the Chicago Tri bune.] Champaign, HI., February SI. PREPARATIONS FOR SPRING. Spring is now making tbe first onset on stern old winter. She has come, It is true, «Hh faint smile; hot she has brought the first twitter of the birds of passage, and henceforth the moinlog dawn shall be her elded by tbclr cheerful warbllogs. The htavy rains of the past few days have washed thc/ace of Saltire, and put It in pro* scalable condition, lo receive the greetings of spring. But it will be only inch by inch that the Frost King w 111 yield his rule. The elements will have their wars; snow and sicct, and cold drenching rain storms will hold high carnival, before the larger birds of passage shall announce that spring Is ready to commence her work, to swell tho bnds that have hibernated through tho frosts of winter and kept intact the germ that shall become a leaf to elaborate tho elements of plant life. And yet through all this time the farmer, tiro ofchardlst and the gardener may not be Idle. Tho live stock must be carefully guarded from the storms that come without warning, from the cold that may endanger tho young progeny that is so essential to the farmer's profits. Thera must bo no wnnt of fond nt this season. Not hing short of plenty of food, shelter, and kindly care lo tho several fiocka and herds, until spring shall have - clothed the pasture with nbavdanl herbage, will Insure good returns. Pulled wool, murrain bides, dead lambs, calves, colta, or pigs, never swell tho profits of the husbandman. He mast, therefore, abate naught of care on the appearance of the first faint smiles of spring. The scolding storms of March and tiie dripping skies of April, are yet to come, before the langhlng Joyous- days of spring ' shall clothe tbe land in verdure and robe tho trees In the garniture of vernal glory. Preparation Is the order of the day, grass cned must he sown, the spring wheat put In the ground, while the slowly yielding frost 1» giving up Us hold. Implements must be examined ind pat In repair, fences set Inline and all their weak points made good. The Summer fuel, If of wood;-should be made ready for nee and se cured Trom the weather. Farmers’ wives arc expected to have the meals In regular order, for their hushanda.-Bons and hired labor so that tharc be no delay ;• but this is impossi* hie wilhout'goud dry inel. Good wells and cisterns arc elements of wealth in the farmer’s household, and can not he dispensed with. When the ground is frozen is a good time to sink wells, to have them in readiness for the summer use; and before the rush of business, the water pipes should be put in order, so 1 that the weekly washings should not be impeded In their ular course. The putting out of hoards and tubs to Fecuro'the passing shower for this purpose, marks tbe shifticrs funncr, and you need cot fbrthcr examimr his premises to furnish the proof, for It will turn up at every point of Inquiry.- T3E orchard. The orchaxdist-must now cut his scions for the spring, if hc*did not attend to this in November. He n»»y find some of the tender twigs of the apple frosted, and-a largo part of the pear with blackened bark, so deeply injured as to be unfit for use; a> portion of the plum will also prove worthless. This will teach us a lesson that will'beof va’uo In the future. Instead or delaying this Important work, os is- the al most universal custom, we- should have attended to this duty late In autumn. We have ranch to learn of the effects ot the winter frosts on the vitality of the sci ons-cut In winter from -our fruit tre n a. While those named should bo cut in autumn, yet most of the apples now approved for com mercial orchards, and the May cherry may he cut at this season. At the same time, we must bear in mind that such winters os that of 1354 will even destroy these. Scions cut In November and put in- common saw dust, damp hut uot wet, and placed iu a cool cel lar,.contain more vitality thau those -cut at this season. Any person who is carious la this matter wlil notice iUai many or the cuds of the twigs arc injured by irost, and if he will use them for grafts, they ■ss 111 disappoint him; hut il he will leave them on the trees, the vitality ofthe lower branches will seed new life into those partially damaged twigs, and they will recover ; not so if cat off and left dependent on the supply of nutriment from an artificial connection with another tree. This Is a lesson ofthe scason.that we should more fully heed in our orchard practice. THE OARDHX. The gardener is among the first to bo aroused by the first smile of spring, to set about his work; for it tells him that the lime of hot-beds is at hand, when he mast begin to bestir himself Jtrtof doors, bymak ing boxes and providing manures, for the starting of the immense number of young plants that will be required for the ihmily garden, and the more important market garden. Within the past twenty years there have been many changes in the management of these gardens. Formerly the most common mede of planting vegetables was to plant the seed in the beds ami rows, just where they were to grow; now it has become an almost universal custom among market gardeners to star 11 he plants in a hot-bed, and totransplant tbemjto the beds and rows where they arc to crow. If this Is the best mode for the mar ket gardener, it mest assuredly Is worthy the attention of every householder who grows his own vegetables; in lact In almost every instance in which the experiment lias been made it has given the greatest satisfaction, and, therefore, I urge that every such house holder should try the same. This hot bed will give us vegetables at least two or three weeks earlier tlan by the old plan of outdoor planting. Tbo market gardener CAR start his potato acts m a hot-bed and thus gain two weeks on the season. Last year I started com in the green bouse and transplanted It alter oil danger ol frost. The plants were eight inches to a foot high and I did not lose flyp per cent of tlio plants. Although the weather at the time was dry and unfavorable, yet the growth was satisfactory, and the corn was In use two weeks before that planted In the. open ground. The works on garden ing, so tar as 1 have seen, have cot discussed this fact, so important to the lovers of roast ing cars. Let market gardeners and farmers try the experiment for once, and It will be c. me so popular that it will take its place In the hot-bed among such plants as the to mato, cabbasc, celery, etc. £ Another thing that those first Indications of spring call to onr mind, is the 1m- Itortance of baulirg out manure while the ground is yet at least partially frozen, for after the frost Is out and nntil the ground is fully settled, this work must be delayed, and then the burry of work may not allow of this work, and the value of the manure be wasted In the barn yards. TIIB WEATHER. The present indications are for an early spine: that Is, one in which farm work may be easily resumed. Bnt It may not follow that vegetation may thereby be any further ad-' vanned on the first day of May. We must remember that an early opening of spring docs not Insure rapid growth, but only gives to the farmer a longer time In which to pre pare the ground and to plant or sow his seed. A GeneronnDonallon to Oberlln Collette* I From the Cleveland Leader, February 20. j A munificent subscription to the new en dowment Tand of Obcrflu College was made last week by Ibe executors of the will of the late Rev. Charles Avery. This gentleman left an estate exceeding in value $150,000 to be devoted to the “education and elevation; of the colored people In the United States, and In the Canadas.” The executors of the estate have appropriated $25,0000f this sum. to Oberlln College, on the condition that the college shall never make any discrimi nation. on account of color, acalnst colored students, and that It shall furnish free tui tion to fifty of its most needy colored stu dents who mav apply for it; preference being given to twenty to be nominated by the American Missionary Association. Tbe first ol these conditions has always been fulfilled by Oberlln; the second It will be glad to comply with. The exocatonot the estate could not have done better with this portion of the fund than to have appro prlaled it to Oberlln. This college was the first to educate colored students, and has done mote in that good work than auy other in tbe land. A Hold Attempt to Steal Use “Webster plate.” [From the Boston Journal. February 19.1 A bold and partially successful robbery was committed m Soulhboro Sunday night, In the home of Captain Samuel Appleton, a jriandeon ol Daniel Webster. It baa been somewhat generally known that the family Plate of Daniel Webster has been for some time In the possession of Captain Appleton, and about one year ago a desperate attempt was made by two men to get possession of it and other valuables in hl« boose- The rob bers ulUrlv tailed, however, as their entrance to tbe bonie was quietly discovered by Cap. tain Appleton, who shot one of them and procured the arrest of both. Snaday night Captain Appleton returned to bis boms from a temporary absence, about 11 ° c , oc , k ’“ ‘ soon alter mired. He was aroused Iron. . partial sleep not long alter V. n “' Jc x „,,7k. stairs which appeared auspicious. Tb ik ing that all was not riant be arose and partially dressed, and die sccid d from the chamber with a lamp In his hand. As he reached the hall beiow ho looked through thedoorwhlcb was partially open. Into his library, and saw that da papers were strewn around the floor of the room. Before he had time to enter tno library, ibo enter front door opened from some cause ai d the light was extinguished by the wind. Convinced that the house trad been entered by robbers, he went Immediate; ly back loins chambcnand armed himself with his pistol, which was a large single bar relled one, and went down again, this time without a llcbt, and proceeded to hts dining room. Aa he was entering the room his foot tripped against something, afterward found to be a drawer, which; bad been ransacked and then thrown there, and be was pitched upon bis face. In felling, Ms pistol exploded, the ball entering the floor. In the liebt of tbe flash of the explosion he saw the forms of two men who immediately jumped upon him, seizing him by tbe throat, choking and beat ing him nntll he became Insensible, and re mained so for two bours. Captain Appleton thinks be retained consciousness for nearly ten minutes, during which time ho was se verely bruised In tbe face and body In a num ber of places, but meanwhile succeeded in making ou*crles sufficient to arouse other members of the family and to alarm the rob her* so that they hastily fled, carrying away us the entire result of their work two one thousand dollar United Slates 7-30 notes. An examination of tbe hou*e showed that nearly every room below slalrsbad beenthoroughly ransacked, bureaus opened and emptied of their contents, and nearly all the silver ware and valuables lo those rooms piled togeticr upon a shawl of Mrs Applctoirs.spread upon the floor, preparatory to their departure which was doubtless soon to have been made. SURRATT. UU arrival at MTaablngton and d«- llTerv to the Civil Authorities. [From the Washington Intelligencer, Fob. 30. J Tho steamer 8wota»o, from Alexandria, Egypt, arrived at the Navy Vord Monday afternoon at live o’clock. Sue brought ns a prisoner John 11. Bnrralt, who was recently fmlietod by the Grand Jury or the Criminal Court a lew days since, on tho charge of con spiring with certain parlies, and with the murder of Ahiotiam Lincoln, President of the United titates. . ........ Shortly after tho arrival of the owatara rumors were rift*, and various eonJec lures Indulged Ju as lo whom Hurralt would he delivered 10, the plaeo of hts Incarcoiation. tho time of his delivery, etc. Having satisfied lilm-ulf that nothing would be done on Monday night further than the delivery to the Navy De partment oftho despatches o| w. N. Jeffrie**, commandant of the Bwaturo, our reporter was early at tho Navy Yard yesterday morn lug. The Swataro Jay In the Potomac, abreast of the experimental battery, about ’ fifty yards from the wharf, and during the day numerous visitors were at the wharf aud stood gazing at the vessel, all speculating as to what was to be done with the prisoner, what part of tho vessel ho was confined in, etc. At eleven o’clock yesterdvy morning, In the Criminal Court. District Attorney Coring ton tinted to the Court that ho had been In formed that the steamer with John 11. Stir* rutl, a prisoner who had been Indicted by fh« Grand Jury, had arrived, and asked that a bench wanant beissned for bis apprehension- The warrant was immediately Weed, and was placed In the bands of MarshatGoodlng pcreonal-'y. The Marshal had'received, at ten o’clock, official notification from the Secretary of State, Informing him that Surratt was a prisoner on board the Swatara, and asking him to call upon the- Secretary of the Navy and request' authority, by civil process, to take blm Into bis custody. Such applica tion was made, and at two o’clock yesterday Marshal Gooding received an order from Secretary TVslles to Admiral Radford, to de liver to blm. os Marshal of the District, the Srlsoncr, John H. Surratt, now Inhis costo y. Accordingly, at live o’clock. Marshal Gooding, accompanied by Deputy Marshal Phillips, Majorßirbatde, Superintendent cf the Metropolitan Police, Detective Miller and Sergeants Pierce end Anstin, of the Metropolitan Police lorce, appeared at the Navy Vard and made a formal demand upon ‘Admiral Radford, and showed bis anlho •rlty. That offlc<?r immediately acknowledg ed the order, and at once, with Captain Baleb, executive officer, accompanied the officer to the wharf, and signalled for a boat irom the Swatara, which having arrived, Captain Balch went on beard the steamer. in about half an hour the boat was seen approaching the wharf, having on hoard the person ot Surratt. As soon as she struck the wharl Commander Jeffries stepped ashore, and immediately aftcr-lbc prisoner. Quite a crowd of employes and others hod gathered around hv this time, and as soon as the pri soner stepped ashore remarks of “ That’s him “ That’s John Surratt. I know him.” were'heard. Marshal Gooding stepped in front orthe prisoner, and the fallowing collo quy took place: Marsha). “la your name John H. Sur ratt r»* Prisoner. ** It is, sir.” Marshal. “Then, sir, I arrest you hv vir tue ol a bench warrant, issued to me by the Criminal Court ol the District of Columbia.” The prisoner bowed his head, and then, con ducted by Marshal Goodlng ond Major Rich ards, stepped forward to a> carriage, with head rrtet and with a tearlcos air. He was dressed in n gray Z onavc suit, with white cotton leggings, nnd wore upon his head a cap resembling a Turkish “fez.” lie is a man apparently twenty-four or five vears of age, light hair and eyes, about six feet in height, stands very erect, and walks with a film and elastic step. He wore a light mustache and long “imperial.” He was handcuffed. Commander Jeffries, previous to delivering him to the Marshal,, infora.-*! him that dur ing the voyage he had not allowed any con- versation whatever by any person with the prisoner, further than to Inquire his personal wants. The prisoner hasalso been restricted from bolding an; conversation. Surratt was placed in a hack and occupied the back seat with Marshal Gooding; Depu ty Marshal Phillips and Major Richard* oc cupied the front scat. In another carriage were seated the police officers above men- Honed. The carriages were driven rapidly to the city jail, passing on their route the Old Cap* Hot prison.. On arriving at the jail Marshal (Jpodiegdelivcred the prisoner Into thu cus tody of'Warden Brown, who conducted him to the iron-clad cell, recently renovated, and which is iocatcd-about the centre of the sec ond story of the Jail. finch conveniences and privileges os are allowed arc to be given to make the prisoner as comforablc us possi ble. During the ride to the jail Surratt introduced by the Marshal to Deputy Phil lips and Major Richards. Very little con versation passed between the prisoner and these gentlemen. Surratt remarked that the cltv looked very (atnPiar to him. Strict orders were given by the Navy De partment on Monday that no communica tion should be Imd between thu otlicers or men ot the Swatara and the shore, and strict ly were these orders canted out. No ouc at nil wasallowed to go off or come on board, until Captain Bulch went on board for the irlsotier. It 1# rumored at the Navy Yard bet the steamer Marblehead, which leaves to-moirnw, will carry the crew and all tho petty ofiiccrs of the Swala'a to Norfolk. This Is done to prevent particulars of tho to* nee being circulated. The despatches of Commander W, W. Jetf ries, of the steamer Swatara, were received by Secretary Welles yesterday morning. Commander J. announces that lie loft Villa Franca. Franco, on the Bth of January, and arrived at Madeira on the 23d, which place lie left on the same day, after coaling. Very rough weather was experienced dunng the passage, but no damage was sustained by the vessel. Henry fit. Marie has arrived here, and will bo a witness in thu idtutlllcatlon of Surratt. It will be remembered that it was he who first notified onr Minister at Rome, Mr. King, of the fact that Surratt was serving in the Papal Zouaves os a private soldier, and that be established his Identity. CHICAGO AM> BOSTON. A Comparison! (From the Boston Reflector and Wa'chman. Every careful reader of history and of hu man nature Is aware of the fact that climatic and social influences mould and vary the mental and moral characteristics of men. The East and the West —New England, for instance, and are subject to influ ences which produce permanent and distinct ive traits in the habits of life and of thought of the people of the two sections. Let us Illustrate this difference by com paring Chicago, the representative of the West, with Boston, the representative of the Blast. Meet two perfect types of these two typical cities in any part of the world, and yon could not possibly contonnd them, both are emphatically American in their character, tendencies and sympathies ; bat each is distinct and peculiar in bis expression of these national birth-marks. The western man laughs at the Boston boy as the native of the North of England laughs at the Cock ney. He looks upon him, when perfectly developed, as a snob In social life, a man milliner In dress, a diUeVmte In literature and art. The Yankee, on the other hand, regards th.‘ Western man as a coarse, slovenly and uncultivated. lie retorts by the term “ un start,” to the epithet ol “paper-collar tel low.” Rural. Boston is essentially an aristocratic city. Whether we use the phrase In a compllmen fatvorlna disparaging sense, It is equally true that society In “the modcm.Atheas” is a confederation of cliques and classes, rather than a democratic community. It Is welded together by interest and tradition, not fused bv identity of Ideas and aims. It is a mosa ic, not a quarry. It Is, at tbe same time, the brain of republicanism in America, and a colony of European scholars and “fanatics.’' There are classes In Boston who think as much of blood as tbe yonnger Barnacle ot the circumlocution office. “Race” is their countersign, and Wintbrop Is its prophet. They are proud of their Uncage. They com pile costly genealogies, tracing backward to the Pilgrims and to European ancestors. There are other classes whose creed seems to be that not Great Nature, bat Har vard College, is the true creator of men. Less precious in their sight Is the “sonl of flame” than the university’s diploma. Their pass-word is “culture,” and Emerson Is Its prophet. Then, again, we have radicals in political philosophy, In the light of whose ideas the radicalism of Europe fkdes out and becomes conservatism. They stand np for the’r ideas in tbe face of every social and po. litical and mercantile Influence, and connt these potent forces as mere whirling dust, tbit mav annoy but can never impede tbe onward'march'of a resistless army. Their battle cry Is progress, and Wendell Phillips is Its prophet. In every society these ele? ments exist, hot in Boston they are marked and marshalled; and. In the language of the New Testament—“the Jews have no dealings with tbe Samaritans.” In Chicago and tbe West It is quite differ ent. Society thereto a bnge floating unity, the panicles of which move and mingle to every possible form. There is really no uni versally recognized efcus. Dives to-day may be Lazarus to-morrow, and Lazarus to-day may be Dives to-morrow; with tbe Import taut, and In fact, the essential difference, that Lasaruswlllnotbeg pj- accept alms from Dives, or consent to sit at his gate—or even at his second table. The West Is to day the only pcifccl den ocraov in the world, ino hindrances of European etiquette, the rigid forms and cer 'monies of Introduction, are ofltncr honored in the treach than the ob servance. If the poor man wishes to apeak to tbe rich man, at any time, or In any company, he doc# not hesitate to do so-and In a manner that Indicates ob- UyionsncES to,any thought of laconallty of orclal position. There Is no scrvlTty In.the West There la bcro-worsMp. however; but it flnctmitefl, like the currency It la l«sned on Tl al or supposed values, and recalled when S cheat 1. discovered. Noble birib I. ofcom namtivelr little “ account,” Lady Clara Vere de Vcrc flod a very limited field for her flirtations there. Her coachman would cither resent her coquetries, or accent them without undue elation as the tenders of a true affection. : The Msjflower Is held in no special reverence. It does not add an extra cubit to a man’s stature in social or In political life to prove that he descended from a Plymouth Kock p lgrlm. Culture has no fictitious value. Merit, In whatever, sphere U may show Itself, is promptly ac kobservations are not, like the Ger man’s cavil, “crested out of our interior conslonsuces.” They ore drawn from mem ories of the West, and almost every sentence could be Illustrated by an incident. It Is needless, however. Wo have done enough if we have shown that a true republicanism baa little to fear In tbo coming western as cendency ; and that the people of that vast region are entitled to a higher regard than we have hitherto been inclined to pay them. The Western citizen Is tbe “coming man’ in our national politics; and we should rejoice that his radical democratic spirit is to suc ceed tbe radical aristocratic rule with which * the South cursed the country for a couple of generations. THE FRENCH COURT. Description ot tbe Lml ttrnml ronrf Ball at Ibo Tnllerlea-Three Ihnu* aand Invitations—ThoKnipre**’ Dree. [Paris (January 91) Correspondence of the Lou don Sfsr.] Three thousand persons received Invita tions for tho second Court ball, which took place last night at tho* Tullerlcs. As vou arc aware, these arc issued n week previous lotho/rfr, each gentlemen receiving a tiluo card, and each ladv a white card, which they must bring with them on (ho night hi ques tion, and hand to the Hrootn' of (ho Cham hrrs on duly before entering tho ball-rooms. On cards sent to gentlemen tho words ** Ku unttormu” appear In dearer typo than wo precisely care lo see, as to ut insignificant civilians, who have rut a particle of right to nrsnmo either a military or naval aspect, they Involve a vIHr lo our tullor,ai d we have nothing for if hut todon a coat of bine cloth, of which tho collar aud cutis ore adorned with cold embroidery; it waistcoat of white silk, unmentionable garments of wMte cashmere, stockings of while silk, buckled shoes, uml a sword, tho utility uf which Is not particularly evident. Thus equipped, and with tho unpleasant conviction that our outward miu hears a clorc resemblance to that of the celebrated Jennieso r Dc)crave square, weentor theSallo dcs Muieclmux. if [H SHthle before nine, in-or dir lo record the entrance of their Major-lies and their suiter To give you a faint idea of the crowding and crushing one must endure in order to witness this part of the proceed-- logs defies my power of dcicriptlon.and more over,the tusk would by no means recall agree able sensations. The Emperor and Empress —Prince Napoleon ou tntir right, and Prin cess Mathlldc on their left—took their places ou the raised dais a fear minutes alter nine. Her Majesty was co/flc hv n coronet of diamonds and green leaves; her dress and her train of gold-co’cred satin was worn over a petticoat of white satin, and covered with lat-c festooned with diamonds. The Empc • ror's uniform was that of a general of dlvl ! slon, enlivened by the diamonds of hi* eroiz, the hilt of his sworo, and his shoe-buckles. Ambassadors and ambassadorcsses occupied the back scats on the estradc—amongst others, Princess Melteralch, Madame do Bndberg, Arc. Ladies, Icm told, are not so particular as to the care they bestow on their foilt/fc*, for a State hair os for the Em press'Lnndls, or foil* inform, as in conse quence of the tremendous crowd they have bnt little space wherein to display the the/* ilVucre of their dressmaker’s art. E* revanche, thelrcoirTuiv* aro generally triumphs of skill, and as far as my unsophis ticated judgment goes, perfict curiosities of ingenuity. The rage for rcscrabling-the Cvsh . lon of the First Empire prompted every wo man at last night’s fete, to erect a perfect ed ifice of hair, flowers, aud diamonds on her head, marvellous in height, aud it Is not for me to .ay whether becoming or the reverse. I merely remark that It never occurred to Venus de Milo to do likewise. Tbo press was well-represented ; all the/VmJhfo»W«*ofiany cote were present—amongst others. Adrian Marx; Alberlc Second, Roqueplaa, Henri dc Hone, Ac. The new director of the Censorship of Theatres, Doncct; the editor 'o! Marie Aotoinettc’s'-lctters, Fculllct do Couches; the leader of the tien parti, Dorimon ; the poct-dcputy, Relmonlet; Edmond About, Ac., represented the lltcru- tore of the day; and as to recount the names ot all the fair duchesses, marquises, and countesses who typified the groat world, I confess myself utterly unequal to the task: I can only assert that at two o’clock they were waltzing with as much entrain as though the ball had just begun, although their Majesties bad quitted the Salle des Marcchanx at midnight- Four invitations arc sent to jeach ** regiment de la garde” quartered In P«r!s and its neighborhood, which fact explains the military character which the State balls invariably convey to the civilian, who teds a unit in a sea of epaulettes and aigmllettcs. The supper wos. as usual, magnificent. A bottle of champuigne decanted, and claret. Is allotted to every second guest; a servant stands be hind every person at sapper, and if you are not supplied with more trutlled chicken, or tolan-salml, strawberries, and even peaches, than yon can conMinic, it certainly is nofctbo fuult cither of his Majesty’s chef* de cuisine or bis footmen. A PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENON. A Boy Lltck Win** month* with a Bat* let Kmbcddcd la hln Brain. I From the BnPalo Commercial AdvcrtUcr*Fcbni ary SO.J v A medical friend in this city furnishes tw the particulars of the following remarkable rate, in the treatment of which he acted os professional adviser: Somethin? over nine months ago,. a boy, living in a village ahont twelve mites from tliia city, while amusing himself with a pis tol, accidentally dUduarccd it; and, the muzzle being pointed towards his face, the i all entered Ins hi ad Just above the left eve, aud piocveding backward In almost line, lodged in the brain, at a distance of junrana a half inches.from the point of en trance. The boy fell Insensible, and was supposed to be dead. A country surgeon was scot for, who pronounced, after examining the wonnd, that the boy would die in a short time, and that nothing could be done for him. In the meantime, a messenger was despatched to this city, and our medical friend returned with him to the village. An examination , was n ado ; a probe being Inserted, the ball was distinctly hilt, lodged, as before stated, in the brain. In proof of which, a copious discharge of blood and brain matter follow* cd the withdrawal of the probe.. The doctor navlrg isilhflad blroeclf that the extraction of thu hall would result in the death of the patient, left word with the anxious parents concerning the treatment to be pursued, tell ing them unfc to be alarmed, that many people hud lived toold age, In peace and comfort, with bullets in their brains; aud that, if the boy was properly taken care of, there was no reason, to despair of his lite. This was over nine months ago. The boy, under the treatment prescribed, gradually improved. But the most remarkahla part of the story is yet to come. It was some time before consciousness returned, to the boy. bat grad* ually his senses cams back, and he recog* nlzcd his friends; but behold I his power of speech was no more; he could not, with the exception of a disjointed word or two. talk, at all, and the ability to read was entirely gone from him; yet».s£rangc to say. Ids urif/i --r/MwoZ powers were not only preserved, hot appeared to bo greatly Increased, be could figure up, with marvellous celerity, very abstruse sums; in fact, the loss of the organ of speech seemed to be counterbal anced by the increased power of the organ of caicu ation. Sow, whether the amount of brain that issued from the wound made by the pistol bail was that portion in which the faculty of speech resided, or whether the pressure of the ball on the brain benumbed that faculty into inanimation, is a nice ques lion which we leave to the medical profes sion. That the above facts are correct wc can vouch, and can, if necessary, give the name ol the unfortunate boy. who Is, how ever, now living very comfortably, and enjoy ing a remarkable degree of general health. TEMPERANCE. Petition froip the Boston Hotel-Keep* era to Supply their Tables with TVlac*. The following petition of Boston landlords was presented to the Massachusetts Legisla ture on the 10th instant: “The undersigned respectfully represent: Tbat they are ensraged in the business of con ducting hotels in the city of Boston, for the comfort and accommodation of travellers and visitors In our city, and also of oar own citizens seeking the conveniences ol a home wilhont the care of housekeeping. In the pursuit of their business, the undersigned have made it their study to appreciate the wants of the public, the habits, customs and tastes needing to bo consulted in order to maintain hotels ot the very first class, aceord- Irg to the standard of hotel-keeping, as It Is understood in tbe great cities in all parts of our own country, and in the other countries of the cizillzed world. They have supposed that in trying to equal, If not surpass, the excellencies of similar establishments in other cities, tbey would do something to wards promoting the prosperity, the com merce and the reputation of their own city— rendering it more attractive to visitors, and more agreeable to business men and other travellers. “ The observation and experience of years have tangbt them that It is not possible, In any part of the world, to maintain hotels, recognized by any class ot people, of what ever profession, persuasion or calling, as of the first class, or even as satisfactory, unless in respect to both meats and drinks tbe guests of the boose are allowed the opportu nity of consulting their own tastes and judg ments. A very large portion. If not a very large majority of the public, both natives and foreigners, when they become the guests of a hotel, demand the saute ranse of selec tion which they are wont to enjoy in their own bouses. . “Among tbe articles which the universal custom of mankind has deemed essential to be supplied to the guests of a seeks to maintain any character amon,, trav ellers. are wines, and splrltons liquors. The experience of the whole world will not find an exception to the rule, >»oi hotel, known u fSt Sa<«, in any city of thin continent np of Europe, coo named where fbese* articles are not furnished to guests. b “ A hotel is In a sense an International In dilation and must, Ifit would maintain Us character ftirnlsh all the accommodations for its guests which tbe usage of tbe world bas established. The undersigned can recall lo instance where a hotel of the first class ha* been maintained, which did not. In this respect, recognize the usages of the world, a.dthc r bc„ e ,o , 1 o I „cU [loWcin|je ni , a “ 7 hc nnlcrslßred profess t ob , , . abiding citizen., devoted to lie Gove™! end to tbc good order of aoclelv ln, t ° mtal are profoundly convinced that an “'J bibuion of nines and spltlloua 11, , tbc r go cats would destroy tbc repntS?'; Vt tbclr Ooneca, brine the city of 80-r™ ? discredit among travellers, both ibS, , pleasure and for Imsincaa, and an can.,. r ry to the community, no less than ,1 J "' selves.'* kue Q- "They, therefore, pray that snch ch may be trade In the laws regardin'* of •wines and liquors, as shall allow then, 5 supply the nent. or the gutets 0 f S* houses, yet nndcr each excise and rwStT tlon. and subject to such superTia’rK shall deemed needful for the puliij [Signed by. Lewis Rice, American iw. H. D. Parker & Co., Parker Hous*. n* CIIAURBRLIN, Adams HuUnt;; Binc.i).* TVrislbt & Co., Revere and f renin- » Houses; W. P. F. Meseuve. Marlbim’Hr 1 tel; Frank M. Pratt, United stl* Hotel.] 141 DIVORCE. An Extraordinary Bull in the t.nnd «„ Conn of Divorce. 80 The London Star publishes the Ihilowlo* report of an extraordinary suit in th« Lon don Court of Divorce : Hancock vtrttu Peaty. —This wa* an ntra ordinary case, being a petition for a dUsaiu Hon of marriage brought by the guardian of a lady on the ground of her madness a. the time of her marriage to the respondent Miss Mary Ann Hancock was the jo«n-c«t daughter of a manufacturer who dM in 1535. The respondent, who Is a clerk in the Bank of England, was a cousin of thi* Hancock, and he paid his address* s to her. Long before the marriage Miss Hanrock had been the subject of curious delusion*, and was looked upon Id the family as i|r> sictitn of Insanity. She dressed In-rselrin pt . idhr ways, and wore ber hair In a most dl«i>rd> rly fashion. In spite of the reinonstrano *of the family, Mr. Peaty persisted hi miming Miss Hancock. The Indy’s sister P*M him that Miss Hancock was mad. hut Ids reply was that If she was really mad It was through love for him. Two or three days prior in the marriage she sal mra considerable tune la a bath in a slate of nudity, looking at the drawing of n bridge under which the Mid her husband must Pass before ho could mar. rv hrr. It was with the greatest illlllculty tlmt «hu was removed IV< m this hath, and ar ticles of viothlng put iiroutid her. Hho also tnhorud under the Imprcsrion that her food was polsoi'tfd, am! Imd many other delusions, in spile of all this, however, Mr. I’cuiv do ninndnl that n marriage should t»ko place, nod nceoidlnglv In Augu»t, N-k tho two were married at Si. Matthias's Ojirndh Pad dington. During the cere Mta 1 Un cock conducted herself in a uio.l cxtranrdl* nary maim«\ and In the vestry of the church she wanted to enter Into a discussion upon the relations 1 of Church arid Stale. Alter the inoirlape a abort wedding tour took place, utter which Mr. and Mrs. Peaty re turned to London. WUU»n three weeks of the marriage tho sister of Mrs. Peaty visaed her at Osuabuvgh-lerrace.ond there found her under restraint asau Insane person. She spoke j f . the wildest and most incoherent nunuer, abd was, in fact, In a state of wild Insanity. Mrs. Peaty never lived with her husband af ter this time, and-in October of IS«3, she was placed under medical restraint In conse quence of a certilieate Horn Dr. Taylor that she was insane. Her husband afterwards made several attentats to get her back to him, but of course this was out of the ques tion. She was ultimately removed to St. Luke's Asylum, where she remained until the 17»h of tUJs month; and, although she had been since removed from the asylum, Hie was still under mcdicnl restraint. Mbs Ban let Hancock, slater toMrs. Peaty, said-their mother died from Insanity In ISSJ, and lier sister was alway? looked upon In the family as of unsound miad. She used to sit in her bedroom all day, end refuse to take her meals or to speak to any one. She used to sav lhal the society down stairs was not lit for her. At dinner she made loud noises with btr knife and fork upon the plate, and used to get into a violent passion without- cause. Her dress was pecu liar. She ** piled” her hair high upon her head, aud put curious rlbbjus on the top of this hair.aud thenover all there was- a bonnet quite a quarter of-a yard high in tbe air. When remonstrated with lor Ibis she temr.rked that all her tendencies were “upwards-”—[laughter]—and-sbe persisted in the style. Sht*efuseti lo wash hcrseli, saying she was 100 pure to need washing. *She would go for a fortnight with her lace most imperfectly cleansed. Sim saved the water which she used, -stating that every part of her was too precious lo be lost; and she retained her hair when It was cut for the *axne reason. TUE A3STI-SLAYEUY CAUSE. Proposed international Antt-Slavcry Conference at Paris The committee of the Biilish Foreign An ti-Slavery Society, in conjunction with simi lar bodies in France and Spain, have deter mined to hold an International Anti Slavery Conference in Faria this year. The following circular will explain both the plan and the object: 87, Kmw Eboaij-Stbset, E. C., JjCndox, I January, IS 7. f Dear Sir: Tta committees of the British and Forticn Antl-STavrry Society aiul the Spanish Ai olltloulst Sooety (Ij Soclcdad Anoltciotilsta fe|ian< 1), bav« agrerd to a eujrcesdoo made by the*‘Comllr Frasous d’Hmancipation.” to hold in Paris, in the seaoeo or the taird week in June re&t,acocfuci.ce of friends of the anti slavery Ca iUs proposed that this conference should com pibe lepresentalbes from Brazil. England and the EcL'li«b Colonies, Fiaccc and (he Frercb Col onies, Bollard and thw Dutch Colonies, Uayil and Si. Domingo, tea At lean Kepubllc of labcrta, roitngal, Spate and the Spanish Antilles, Vene zuela, and the Untied Staten of America ; and its immediate object is to late cocnizsi-.ce cf the ac tual elate ol the anti-slavery question In «h«e coumrlrs, and to consider nbat further means mnv be adopted to promote the aboil ico of the* slave ttade aiA slavery where these evils still It Is also hoped that representatives from Chill, Pern and Mtx>co. and travellers and mU-looariea. trom Africa may b« present. !>• directing year sttenlion to the ano* red oat line of the programme, the sao-cmiimlt-cct ap pointed to for the prouosed curterence won d be clao to receive an is iimaliun of jour in tention to be present, or to lortv.ird any nrhtco statement or documents relating to any ot the sub lects rctcired to, as it is considered of the utmost Importance that >;s many of tho.-e who have b.-en Identified with, or who arc Interested in the ad vancement ot the anti-slavery cause, should on this occasion give their cooperation, either per sonally or by communication. Von are rcspezlfutly requested tosend an answer ■r soon as possible, bnt not laUr than the Ist cf AptU. On behalf of the committees of these Societies, we have the honor to be. Dear air, your* very truly. WXLUAX AtUS, ■lnacpn i.nnm Joseph cooper, Ja*es tv*. Uassiz, D. I). I.L. D., ItSMIT STEltllT, finb-Comtnittee on beralr of the Uil-tsh asd Fort ten Anil-Slavery nocietv. L. A. e nAXCßovzow, Secretary. Jruo 1- Pk VircAnnoxuo, Secretary of the S|ios l»b Abolition Society. Edocacu Ijeoclaye. Membra do rins'ltnt: Pres • meat ofibc frniite Fmccat* d'Eraancioatlmi. Auoubtix Cocnur, Mcmbre oe I'JaaUtut; Honor ary Sccieary. outlive or pnoonsjoie. Szcnos 1. Tub Slave Thaije.—'The p*oc*» tin der this section will embrace statistics and partic ulars relating to thu .Transatlantic African slave trade. to rbelnternal aiavr-trade in Africa, asd Uie coastwlsa traffic in Brazil; also statistics corc«.’rn lti« tho Chinese aud Indian cooho traffic, and the Vivadumgege system. Sec. St avkut.—Order ibis eectlop, the present position of the question will be dUcusscd, with .especial relation to tbo emancipation of the slaves In Brazil, In the Portucuesc transmarine posiMsions. and tho Spanish Antilles. Sec. 3.—the Results or EKANCti'AHox —Un der this trad it is intended to present papers submitting the result* of emancipation in the Enqitsb, French, and Butch Colonics, and the latest Information relating to ifao treatment, con dition, and prospects of (fe treedmen In the United States ol America Whom •* ProtrcUuut’ Protects* (From the United States Economist.! The London Timet-, of January 2Slh, has tho following significant remarks: 44 On every side the Indications accumulate of the demand likely to arise for the various classes of sound investment. Although oiling to the protectionist policy of the United Stales toe continue in an unusual de gret to command the trade of the t corld % there is a determination in all quarters to avoid speculation until the prices of goods shall have righted themselves from tho con sequences of the inflation of prices of the past two or three ycais. In the Iron districts this is especially the case, and with regard to cotton manufactures the latest announce ment is that attention is again being directed to the necessity of working short lime. Apart from the other influences of these movements, the reduction of wages'and the enormities thus induced among the mass of the population may be expected to cause a large portion of the extrarotdiaary amount ol coin that has of late years been absorbed in the internal circulation of the United Kingdom to find Us way hack to hanking channels.” it Is very clear from these remarks by the organ rf mercantile opinion in Great Britain, that English capitalists (who, by the war, are charced with furnishing gold to farther Dee trade In the United States,) consider that they ere the parlies who arc really bene fited by the protectionist policy adopted in this country. Tbey understand well enough that onr high tariffs produce such higu prices for onr products, that we virtually incapacitate our selves for competing with British producers m the markets of the world; and our con stantly diminishing exports are evidence that their view is perfectly accordant with facts. We are now keeping np high prices, by Increased taxation upon our im ports. In England, they are conducting their operations upon a strictly con servative scale, so as to reduce wanes and the prices of raw materials. In Ibis way they will cheapen their products, and be enabled to set our advanced duties at defiance; will send here as many goods as bcfoie the duties were enhanced; and, at the same time, will be in a poaHon the more ef fectually to turn to account our policy of shutting ourselves oat from foreign markets. Those who imagioetliat English capitalists are anxious to see the United States adopt a free trade policy, are very widely mistaken. Our high tariffs have never had the effect of curtailing our purchases of British manufac tures ; while they have necessarily a tenden cy to neutralize our competition with British producers. Protection tor American Indus try thus means tbe protection of our British rivals, ard injury to our own commerce. When will onr manufacturers look at their interests in the true light ? A Private tlaim Against France. Mr. R. A. Parrish, of Philadelphia, has pe titioned the House of Representatives, ask ing its intervention In a ease of alleged spoliation by the French Government, amounting to fifteen millions of francs. The claims rest upon the personal parole of the Emperor given to the petitioner at an extra ordinary audience appointed lor the purpose, and was to have been embodied in a treaty, of which, together with all his other inter ests, he says he bos been fraudulently de prived. The sum above named was promised lor the claimants demonstration of auriferous territory similar to that of California, since conquered and annexed to France, situated on the Koug Mountains of Africa, on the w cst coast, and from which tbe Gwernmmit of Fiance has already derived great-mineral wealth, her gold coinage for manjy ears since then having attained the unprecedented sum cf more than a hundred millions Of tlqilars annually.