Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, 24 Şubat 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated 24 Şubat 1867 Page 2
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Cljicaigo niTrT. TRI-Tn.VKLV nJII *tEEXT. OFFICE. So.»l n.AKII.TT, Taere sre tarer Mjauiiot «e Isjsusb usum. uu Terr nontax,fhrcircuit ui h* carnerf, acumen aestbemsu*. M.Tvnn-w«r«vr. ttgadiyc ffM tMip atd Fnoayv rat 'be *°niy;‘ «£d the -WuxLV.oaThorwUj'k.ftvr (hr sod saleatost • , Coaster •’id DT B*»»pen.' Trm* «rihr dilnwo Tribavas. - pviiy aearered«» id*- my u<t «■»■«*) O' 33 •* - 1 (tw» garter),,.. 9.33 J)*|Tr, tomitoMrrOni (pvr nrrutc, ' btta iSvtMt) IU.QU Tn-Wceklj’. (per laya-'lc lo advance) tf.oo -Wfttr. (Derwscm. oarthlr lu 'i.oa tW.Ptvctiorai para or Ue rear *t me MtM y»tet. . twrcnocf nrotom .no oraentc are or rnore copies of titter the Trl-w«mr‘cr Wvwxij-edlMoav may retain tea per rmi of th*Baiwcn;iuoQ price at a Boezßisait®. aoiiCBTO brasooßK*.— l& orcentjj tte aodteaei yoor papers c&*tieta.a; prerect Cclav. oa ann> acd spedCr wfcatafltdoa yea utc—..etklj-, Trl-WceUy, -0< Daily. AIM. KtveVoarpaxsiMaLdfßmre addrese . ivkotej, by Draft, Rx?-**. *oßey order*, or In Bsclstere4Leßers.ißartwi*aTatoarrUx. aainss, TRI RUN it OH* Cilrism (11, SUNDAY,. FEBRUARY 21. 1867. A QUESTION ASKED AND AN SffKIIEO, The New York Tribune which Is impor tuning and hounding Congress to contract the currency, precipitate specie pavmcnts, and to double the present high tariff, finds a stubborn resistance in the hostility of the West to its poisonous nostrums. Usiys: “Time aud again have we asked our Western Re publicans nhoused to bo Whigs, ‘UoipUojou pioporeio stop the current How of onrnatlnaal si-rnrities to Europe at the rate of two hundred millions per annum? You Insist naan Inflated, drpreciatcd currency, which stimulates excessive Importations; you will rot check these by a nigh er tariff: what will you dor They retort tliat a htch tariff will rot subserve the can—which Is ex actly like saying that a mllt-dam will not obstruct the flo# or water. Bat, wo had not asked ibem to criticise our specific, but to set forth their owu.” IVe shall do both, and not try to dodge the points In Issue as our slippery namesake docs. ’ln the first place, U Is the sheerest nonsense to eay that the i xistl*»g ** depr. c:a tion of the currency stimu'atci excessive Im portances.” It has no effect cn importa tions whatever, for the reason that Imported goods arc bought os the gold basis, and the gr:euback only passes for its purchasing I'owcr In coin. It xercly requires a larger number of currency dollars than of gold dol lars to buy a bill of foreign goods; but the consumer receives for his labor oi products more currency dollars than he coaid obtain of gold dollars by just the difference in the pnrehasiog power of each kind of money. This disposes of H. G.’s foolish assertion that greenbacks stimulate excessive im portations. On the other baud a sudden contraction of the currency and a forced resumption of specie payments must necessarily bankrupt tbc debtor class by making them pay $1.50 for each do lar oi consideration received from their creditors. It will Inevitably pro duce a financial convulsion all over the coun try. It will cause such stagnation and derscgemtnt of trade as will dry up half of th«j tcrenue of tbc Government, thereby seriously imperilling the National credit. To increase the tariff on the-people would only add to the general embarrassment, suf fering and confusion. The notion that finan cial relief can be found In an increase of tax ation, should only find lodgment in the cracked brain of a lunatic. A tariff Is an as sessment on Industry, and should be no higher than the revenue wants of tbc Gov ernment absolutely demand. To double it, as “H. G,” advises, in order to “protect” American consumers. Is exactly on a par with tbc wisdom of the man going to mill who put bis grain In one end of bag, and a stone of equal weight Into the other. IVe have have asked H. G. to explain how the “ flow of bonds to Europe ” would be ptevcntfcd by doubling the cost ol producing everything we have for sale? He has not answered. IVe must pay for our Imports with our exports. How shall wc do It when they are made eo high priced that other ns tints will not boy them? That Is what is the matter now. With a tariff averaging fifty six per cent the mechanical products of this country can not be told In foreign markets. Bonds and gold must be exported In their piece to pay for our imports. To remedy this evil H. G. proposes to double the tariff! so that wc shall thereafter bare nothing that can be exported save bonds and specie. An increase of tariff famishes not a particle of additional market tor American manufac tures, for the reason that, the price* of domes tic goods are immediately marked vp to the level of (he tariff, leav'rg the purchaser no pecuniary inducement to prefer the American manufacture to the fortija article. There can be no enlargement of the home market unless the domestic manufacturers undersell the importer enough to take away his customers, and this they decline lo do. Peopie will purchase from those who sell goods of like quality tbc cheapest; they don't care a brass farthing whether an ar ticle Is made In the West or East, Europe, Africa. Asia, Australia, or in the moon, pro vided the price and quality suit them. So long then, as our manufacturers persist la pulling up their prices with each Increase of the tariff, to the importer’s rates, they will will netcr gain on additional customer or sell one mote yard of cloth, or pound of iron to American consumers. We have repeatedly presented these points ton. G.. hut he relates to consider them. When hard pressed, be turns round, as in the above extract, and says; “We have not ** asked our Western Republicans lo criticise “ cur specific, but to set fxth their own; »o “their retort is no answer, but a virtual “confession.” Very well, as your specific currency contraction and tariff doubling will cut bear criticism, try your baud on ours, which I; as foil* *ws: 1. Let Congress pass a tariff bill which will fumUh the Goverom*nt with the most revenue that can be safely drawn from that source of taxation, and with tne least Injury to the industrial interests of tbe people. 2. Repeal thcH.ooo,ooo a mouth destruc tion of greenbacks, and thereby restore pub lic couQdcnce by stopping contraction. 3. Order the redempUonof tbe $140,030,030 of compound Interest notes as tost os they Income due, with plain legal lenders, thereby tilling the -vacuum caused by the withdrawal of the compounds with greenbacks, and eav ipg over ten million* a year of interest. 4. Direct the Secretary of the Treasury to sell sixty millions of thchoarded, Idle gold In the sub-treasury, and with tbe proceeds buy up seventy-five millions of seveu-thlrty bonds shortly falling due, thereby saving five mlilions of interest and strengthening the financial credit of tbe nation, and enhancing the value of all the other bonds, in a marked degree. 5. Repeat Internal taxation on ntanufac lu’cs to the utmost extent which the finan cial wants ot the Government economically administered, will permit. Reducing taxa iiou—not Increasing it. Is what gives protec tion to industry. 0. Provide the ten ex-rebel States with loyal Governments, In the shortest practica ble period, and upon the basis of universal suffrage. 7. Be lu no hurry to pay off the national debt or to force a resumption of specie pay ment. By pursuing the course we have marked out, a low cart crof general prosperity would opcu up before tbe country, to continue so long as the foregoing Hoe of policy Is steadily pursued. Tbe currency would, gradually but quickly enough, appreciate to par with gold. Tim rapid cxjisnsiou of trade sod commerce and Increase of population will soon absorb all of the existing “inflation” and “deprecia tion” of the currency. Just let it alone, and the country will grow into specie payments, in a short time, without any stringency or convublon, or distress of the debtor class of community, or loss of revenue from hard times. And after the population has in creased to fifty millions end the taxable property of the Union doubled, as they will, a few years hence, and the B oth has recu perated from its terrible whipping, then wc cat begin to pay off the National debt as rapidly as may be desirable, wltbont resort ing to onerous and oppressive high tariffs, or having to imposes cent of taxation either on income or manufactures. A TUOUBLU IN COrtEA. It would seem that the United States as well as France, has a question to settle with the Kingdom ol Corea. The Indifferent suc cessor Napoleon’s fleet In the expedition against the Corcans, however, U not calcu lated to Inspire a desire for war; and diplo macy will perhaps be employed Instead of artillery or gunboats. It wnl be remembered that early last summer, certain French ml* sionarics m Corea were brutally murdered, and It was believed that the crime was insti gated by the authorities. One or more hav ing effected their escape in a Chinese junk, and reported the facts to the French officials in Chcfoo,the nearest Consular port In China, it was determined that the French Admiral In China should visit Corea and demand sat isfaction. While preparations were making for the expedition, certain enterprising mer chants concluded to improve the op «orluai ty to turn on honest penny by a contraband trade with Corea. Accordingly, an English vessel was fitted out by an EnglUu firm, and D .odea successful trip, having deposed of her cargo of arms and ammunition, and re turned safely to port. But It happens that the Government of Corea is intensely hostile to all trade and intercourse with foreigners, ard U has since been ascertained that every Corean who had anything to do with the English vessel was beheaded, by order of the Government. On the Oth of August last, an American schooner, named the Central Shennan , left Chefoo cn a similar expedition, of an American Captain, and with an Americas crew, although on this occasion In the service ofao English firm. While ascending the river, she grounded on a sand bank, and was una- hie lo get off. A correspondent of the New] York Tin** states that information Las been received from other French missionaries who returned to Corea o| one ot the vessels of the French expedition in September last that *' the Governor at once sent to the King's fattier for Instructions, whether ho should put (o death those onboard, or should burn thanand.the vessel together." The King's ~athcr.replied that Ihfe vessel and all on board should be burned, and this barbarous order warcrccttled. Axmthcr account states that ,»hc death of th» crew was ordered by the King The 'account in the China •Motf-Tays those on board were tied down ;l*low la their berths, and the ship was then fired, the unhappy victims being liter* ally roasted' death. The Corcans alUge IbalthiT vessel was a pirate, as it had arms on board. 'Among those onboard the Genera} Sherman were two English gentle men, one a missionary. of the London Mis sionary Society, who went along as Inter preter." '* There is no donbl but the schooner was en gaged In an unlawful- expedition, and her aeiruro and confiscation by the Coreau Gov ernment would have been very, proper.. But Ills unnecessary to say that the killing' of those on board was as contrary to tbelawa of civilized nations as the manner of It was barbarous and revolting. '. The question Is, whether our Government will pass over this atrocious murder of citizens, or will send n licet and teach the barbarians a wholesome lesson. Mr. Johnson has'now an opportu nity to display a “vigorous foreign policy.” Corea has an aimy of ; over sis hundred thonsacd men, and a fleet of two hundred vessels; but a few broadsides from one of our war vessels would soon scatter the whole of them. THE SOUTH AtlEtttCAN WAB, Toe people of this country bare generally sympathized with Paraguay, In the struggle going on between that country and Brazil, because they have believed It was waged by the latter Power In the Interest* of slavery. It has been represented that it resembled the * Seminole war ” in this country, In which the Government of the United Slates under took to'exterminate that tribe of Indians, because they rece.vcd and protected fugitive slave* in the swamps of Florida. According to the remarks of Rev. J. C. Fletcher before the Board of Trade on Saturday, this opinion has not tho slightest foDi.da'lon In tinth. Mr. Fletcher was for many years a mlssloaary In Brazil and Is the author, In conjunction with Dr. Kidder, of a standard work on that Empire, entitled “ Brazil and the Brazilians,” and is familiar with tho origin of this great South American war. He informs us that the question ot slavery did not la any manner enter Into tho controversy. Hostilities were rendered necessary by the gross violation of icaty stipulations on the part ,of tho Gov '•rumentofParaguiy. Brazil has Provinces .m the La Plata River so situated that the navigation of that stream Is highly Impor* lani to her. She entered into a treaty with Paraguay to secure the right of such naviga tion, wherever It was controlled by that country. But the President of Paraguay, It seems, re lented of what he had done betore the treaty ’airly went into operation. Although culled • Prcildcut, the ruler of Paraguay is an ab solute despot, and bis real tills at homo Is AT A'uprt'Mio, the Supreme. He virtually owns the whole country. Tbc gold Is bis. the cotton Is his,tbc crops arc hU. No feudal lord was ever msre absolute over his depend ci ts than is Lopez over the country he calls a Republic, and which, In turn, officially calls him a President. Ho has tbe monopoly if everything valuable, and when he wishes to make war, the people and all they have arc absolutely at bis disposal. This accounts for tbe large armies be has raised and kept on foot, aud the wonderful vigor be has dis played. The people arc Ignorant, degraded, <nd to tbe lost degree superstitious. A ser •lie priesthood takes good care that due re iKd for the rights, the dignity and power •f “AV Supremo” shall be inculcated and xalotsincd; and thus taught tho masses are be blind Instruments of their own degrada ion and oppression. They believe pro. oundly in “El Supremo”—they know of no one else to believe in, and Lopez means that thev stall not know any one else. He ce when tbc t;eity took effect and Us Supremo:h’p saw voxels navigating the L i Pla a, bearing other flags than those ol Para-nay, ho became fearful tbit his peo ple would find ont there were other countries in tbe world beside Paraguay, and other rulers than El Supremo. He accordingly brought the treaty to a sudden and violent end, by sizing two Brazilian ships and throwiogtbeirofilccrs into prism, where they still lie. This was in ISGL Of course, Brazil could not overlook cither the open violation of treaty obligations or the gross insult to her flag k aad dig nity ; and here we hive the . real origin of the war. Lopez followed up •his act of hostility by such vigorous preparations for war as an absolute despot can make, especially when, as ia tbe pre-ent lu .•ttauce, be brings great personal Uetcrmlna .ion and activity to the work. Brazil hav- .ng marched an army towards the bounda ries ofthe Argentine Confederation and .of Ui ugtrny, Lopez, in bis baste to confront It, marched an army through tbe central terri ory of those countries, against their pro- test, and thus they became allied with Bra- zil in the war. It must be confessed tbit, bad as bis cause is thus made to appear, Lopez and the Para guayans have exhibited an energy and valor hat ch iUenge admiration. Tbe battles have ucen contested with desperate courage on heir part; and the Emperor ol Brazil is compelled, at tbe close of a Hsastroua campaign, to undertake more for midable preparations than were ever before witnessed iu South America. Tbe accounts .if these preparations, however, indicate that such powerful armies will move upon Paraguay as to render successful resistance imposs hie. The sympathies of this country will follow the Imperial banner. In view of ;bt ec facts. It represents the cause of civ ilization against barbarism and superstition. We are assured that the recent emancipa tion of the crown slaves by the Emperor is only tee beginning of an abolition policy; that the Emperor and bis ministry are ear nestly determined to emancipate all the slaves within the Imperial dominions. It, therclorc, appears that Don Pedro Is the real emancipationist, and Lopez a tyrant over his whole people, whom he has reduced to both physical and spiritual slavery. THE DITCH AIKUUinENr. “Tbe current arguments against a tariff prove t a aerations wrong that New York sboa'U nave comirncicd the Erie Cans), and thus made this Jij ibe emporium of the New World— ultlmaiely ofthetrAcft world. For that canal was dog by axinc men who did not want any canal—who pro cited against being saddled nub the cost of one. n their slew. ‘ Clinton's ditch' was contrived to -.iciich other men at tneir cxpesec; sod they .damibly loais’cd that ess for earn taty purposes —was not a function of government.■ lad tQvy been heeded, New York would bare Ucnascccnd Boston, wblie CaUimote or Nor folk would have been ipc metropolis of the West nn hemisphere."—A’etr Torft TiU/une. If U had been proved, after the people of New York had been taxed for “Clinton’s ditch ” that they had not got the ditch , the New York Tribune will admit that they wou'.d have bad good ground for complaint. The American people have been taxed cn onnonsly for the past six years, on a con stantly increasing scale, for the purpose of fostering and increaskg manufactures. They have paid their taxes and have not got their ditch. The manufacturers say that they arc now worse off than they ever were before, and the statistics prove that manufacture ire declining instead of Increasing, under :hc stlffest dose of “protection” the country over bad. # The statistics prove also that we .ire losing those branches of industry in which we excelled all other nations prior to the enactment of the Morrill tsirlff. They are taking to themselves wings and flying to countries where they can be assured that hey will not bo worried to death bycov •rnincnt, and crushed out by oppressive tax •;s. The ship building trade, the sewing Machine trade, the cotton spinning trade, he wooccn ware trade, the clock making and hat making trades, are cases in point. Vud the mischievous work is going on. So •t appears that the people have paid for their titch, and have not got it. They are farther .roxn getting it than they were before. But there Is no similarity la a tax levied upon all the people for a public improve ment, and a lax levied «pon A for the bene- U, or “ encouragement” as the phrase is, of B. There is the sama difference between (bem that there is between public bnsines? ond private business. Government has an undoubted right to impose a tax lor public purpose?. The amount required Is susccp -Iblc ol ascertainment, the expenditure is subject to public control and investigation, and the work is demonstrably certain to be performed. In levying a tax upon A for the encouragement of B, the amount of cu couragement B will require can never be known; the use B will make of the money Is not subject to the control or Investigation of A, or anybody elec; and It Is not certain that the encouragement afforded to B by the tax will ever enable him to get on without it. In point of fact 11 never does. If the tax Is fifteen per cent this year be wants twenty per cent next year, and then thirty, and then forty, and then Ally, and then Krtniy. This is the actual history of what la falsely called “Protection to American Industry,” aurlu" the past six years. We have pot Into a ditch sure enough, but It U not the ditch we were taxed for. NRCESSAISIUM ANU I.VXI ftIBS. A case has recently occurred in New York, in which the phrase “ necessaries of life,” qs applied to a lady’s wardrobe, has received a pretty liberal Interpretation, and will not have a tendency to encourage poor youcg men to marry in fashionable life. It is a well settled principle of law that a man must sup ply his wife with the necessaries of life even if she has deserted him, unless he hss availed faimselfof his own legal remedy by getting a divorce. But he is not bound by any means to supply her with luxuries or Ureas her In an extravagant manner, in the cave to which *o refer, Mrs. Mayer deserted her lord and master. A drets-msker supplied her with various expensive articles of dress, and brought suit against Mayer to recover their value. Among other articles pnrebaved by the suffering Mrs. Mayor were a silk cloak, purple wrapper, French corset and balmoral skirt. The husband set uptho desertion as a defence, and established It by evidence. Thu Judge stated the taw cor* rectly lo v thc jury, andqxpreeaed the opinion that the articles najpedyrerenoVneceassrlcs,' but rather expensive lUxurles.' The Jury .however, took* different vlcwj withe subject,andJgave a verdict for the’ plaintiff,.condemn ingtncdisconsolate Mayer■ t6'jpoi 'Thus it seems to be settled' that silk cloaks, purple wrappers and bal moral skirts arc among the necessaries of We In New York. It Is a pity that the suffering Mrs. M. did not better understand Jier jHghts.. /She shonld have 'purchased a coach and four, with footman in lively,' She should have kept up her rccep • tlons, provided she had been in thohablt of giving receptions, - and ehonld have made . them more expensive and brilliant than for-" merly, to show that she cuuld do better' without the brutal and unworthy M*yt;r than with him, to be sure; and Maycr.no doubt would hare been.compclled to foot all the bills, as hc cvidently ought to, since he behaved hlmsclfln such a manner that the economical and quiet-minded Mrs. M. was Induced to leave him. This doubtless would hare been held by the jury to be necessary to her station In society, and coneeqnently a neecst-ary of life. Now that silk cloaks,' purple morning wrappers, French corsets and balmoral skirts have been legally decided to bo “neces saries” of life, we anxiously awa*t tho deter mination of some casein which“luxuries” will bo clearly defined. THE SOUTH CAHOIiIN A (lUBDE US. The report ot thcConsiesslonal Committee on tbc murder of certain Federal soldiers in South Carolhn, and the release of the assas sins by Judge Hall on a writ or habeas corpus, after conviction and s»nfenci by a Coart Martial, reveals some starriin? /acts. 1. It is not cla med that the victim* gave any provocation whatever for t he assas sination. Thcjo ls no pre.CDce that they «cre jnuidcrcd for any other cause than for wearing tbe uniform of tbe United States Government and being In Its service. 2. At the lime of the trial ofthe murder ers by the Court Martial, there was no civil Court lu South Carolina that could have tried them. a. Two of the murderers, named Keys, bo longed to one ofthe moat prominent families In Anderson, the place where,the crime was commuted. Slowcrs, another of the mur derers, had been a member of tbc Georgia :Uatc Scuttle. 4. Notwithstanding tbe u’tcr absence ot pretext or excuse lor the crime, the most prominent nun of the Sooth, Including Alex. 11. Stephens, late Vice President of the late Conicdtracy, Governor On* and Uerscbcl V. Johnson Interested themselves In behalf of tbc murderers, and wrote letters to tho Pres Ident. Among other documents was a petition which Insisted that the President's avowed policy allowed the petitioners to ask with cuufioencc tbc release of the culprits. 6. Tho prisoners having been discharged by Judge Hall, United States District Judge of Delaware, arc at large, and no effort has been made to bring them to justice, notwlth- MaaJiuu the community In which they live sc» tii to entertain no doubt of their guilt. Tbe fuels make 11 clear the public sentiment of South Carolina Justifies tho assassination of United States soldiers sim ply because they ore United States soldiers; that the men most prominent In the Sonth share this feeling of bloody hatred; that pun ishment for such crimes is impossible; that the best families do not regard it a dis grace to engage in assassination, and do not lose respectability in the commu nity by so doing; and, finally, that tbc avowed policy of the President la understood aid construed by the Southern people to be a liceusc lor the murder of Union men. It would be difficult to imagine a more severe c mment on Mr. Johnson’s reconstruction policy, ora moro thorough Justification for the Immediate interference of Congress, than are furnished by these facts. 188 ALIUAAC AItGUiKENT. If Ho. ace Greeley has no better reason for supporting tbc Tariff Bill than the (act that he and Henry Clay corns itted a similar tol ly a quarter ofa century ago, the tact tb&t he and Mr. Clay got defeated would seem to be an answer to that. It would not be a con clusive anstrer to the arguments which they employed In 1&44, bat It would be a conclu sive answer to the plea of antiquity which H. O. lays so much stress on. There are a great many blunders which can prove thcirrlght to exist by an appeal lo almanac. The B< urbons can prove their right to half a dozen European thrones by tbc same argument. There is one thing that H. G. cannot prove by the almanac arga* meat. He % catmot prove that tho country was ever carried in a Presidential election by a party which made what Is falsely called “Protection” an issue In Its platform. So thoroughly was Mr Clay defeated la IS4-4, and so odions had tbe doctrine become, that the 'Whig National Convention of ISIS did not dare to adopt a resolution in favor of it. In 1853 they adopted it again, in the mildest milk-and-water form, and wercagaln beaten, carrying only fonr States. No party has crei been able to carry that load and live. The New York Tribune addresses it. self to “the Western Republicans who used to he Whigs,” and exhorts them to back up its prohibition and contraction follies. It forgets tbst a full third of the Republi cans ol the West never were “ or prohibitionists; and without their votes and support tho Republican party in the West would he in a vastly worse minority than ever was the Whig in its worst days, as tens of thousands or former time Whigs of the Conservative stripe long since Joined the Copperhead party, and have been the worst and meanest Bourbons In that organization. Tho Republicans of the West, like old Zach. Taylor, wuo was a “Whig but not an active Whig.” are for a tariff but not an ultra tariff, such as H. G. and the prohibitionists advocate. They don’t believe that Western Industry Is “pro* tcctcd” by doubling tariff taxation any more than that taking a gallon instead of a quart of blood out of a man’s veins tends to increase his strength. They are bled now about as much as they can stand, and while they are willing to bleed in pocket or person for the Government they arc not willing to he sucked to death by speculating leeches. Docs 11. 0. understand that? Js?“Tbe Augusta (Qa.) Chronicle growls savagely at George Peabody, because, la giv ing two millions of dollars for the education ol Southern youth, he made no distinction between whites and “ niggers,” but ex pressly prevented any such distinction. It says it is not especially grateful to the Eng lith banker for his donation, “ coupled at it tea* t eWt agraiuitou* insult to the South." Be cause Robert C. Winlhrop, William M. Evarts and General Grant are among the Trustees, the Chronicle comes to the conclu sion that “the whole affair will he conduct* “ cd In the special interest of the negro-wor “ shippers, and that tbe effect of such “an organization In the South will “he to keep alive the feeling of “ antagonism between the races here, “and also between the two sections of the “ couclry.” The Chronicle Is hard to please. Its idea seems to be that it is a degradation for a white man to receive any blessing or favor which & negro also enjoys. Ifit would be consistent in this doctrine, it must call on the Southern cblvaly to shut themselves out of the sunshine, since tho Almighty has been so regardless of tbe feelings of the slave* holding aristocracy as to cause It to fall Just as kindly and cheerfully on the “nigger” as It does on the planter. J3T* “ Protection to American Industry” is illustrated in a pamphlet preporrd and. signed by all the sewing machine companies Id the United States, addressed to the Com* railtce ol Ways ard Means, in which it Is stated that the cost of making sewing ma chines In this coul try has become so great that manufacturers are transferring their business to France. A few years ago we ex ported millions of dollars* worth of sewing machines to Europe. We arc now, or soon shall be, Importing them from France. New and bearicr taxes on iron and steel, added to 'the increased cost of liriog, arc protecting American industry famously. The Portsmouth (N. H.) Journal sars that there arc more vessels being built in the lit tle province of New Brunswick than on the entire Atlantic coast of the United Sla'cs. Exorbitant taxes on iron, copper, timber and cordage are responsible for enriching the British Provinces at the expense of the American ship carpenters. p»yln the trial of a ease recently in Cin cinnati, it was disclosed that there is no law in that State to punish Justices of the Peace for aeccptirg bribes. The omission is accounted lor upon various grounds, but the most plausible explanation is, that as Justices of the Peace never no to the Legis lature, or if they do, arc never Justices thereafter, there has never been any striking necessity for providing against bribery on the part of that branch of the Judiciary of Ohio. EST'Wearo assured that the Cairo Peni tentiary scheme is all right and proper, dud that untold thousands of taxes ought to bo expended to build such an Institution forty feet Wow high water mark. Some day the river will rise a few Inches higher than U Is now, break through the leveo, submerge the city, and drown every convict confined la thcpiison like a cage full of rata dropped Into a puddle. The project may be all right, but we can’t see it. It may be fun for the contractors, but death to the tar-payers. NEW YORK. 1 Shakspcarlan Revival. The Merchant of- Yenioa at the Winter Garden. Booth as Shy lock. i l i-.i W « : I Pe f ritted Criticism of the Play Criticised. [Special Correspondence of (be Cbicavo Tribune.] New Youk, February 90.-- —Were_thcrc a.msrket lor Literature aad the Drama, as there is for "flesh,of muttonsj beeves and goats,” we should see announced' among the quotations; _‘-‘Shakspearo firm, with'as upward tendency.” For. this gene ial“VJookii)g up’* wc have to thank Mr, Ed win Booth, who is certainly doing more than "any actor. In America to keep the publics Interest In Sbakapcare alive. Hamlet, with Its weifder of one hundred nights, Richelieu, with its great success of, last spring, stand god-uihws to the present production of the ** Merchant of Venice,” which, however, un like Its predecessors, docs not seem to satis* /y the great expectations excited in ad vance. So far as tie critics are concerned, the actors of the Winter Garden must be ready to exclaim “It Is the very error of the moon,” for almost every Journal of Impor tance has token uncommon pains to express dUeatlaCicUonat the last “revival.” Whv this change in critical tactics, wbv this sud den outpouring of candor, It Is impossible to state with any degree of positiveness. I think it must be In the air, for it is certainly epidemic*—like cholera and other malignant diseases. Naturally a large body of the pub lic do not understand 11. Nevertheless, the critics are on a rampage, and Shake pcare is getting read, or, at least, talked uhont, with a persistency which is sure to do no harm to the cause of art. Tho New York Weekly Jlevlew publishes a translation of Victor Hugo's admirable com memory on “The Merchant of Venice.” by way of teaching people Sbokspcare’s real Intentions regarding it, and the'New Yoru Time* goes eo far as to say that there are mo ments In Mr. Booth's performance of “ Shy lock ” wbeu he posltlyely rants, throwing his arms aloft and making night hideous: where upon George, the Count Joannes, rushes to the rescue In a long‘communication to the Evening Express, in which, to use his own forcible language, he “buries the critic In the grave of his own deserving.” It is a notable production, this of the Count, such as has not Lceu seen since his prospectus to an intended journal, whlclTap 4-eaicd—the prospectus, not the journal, un fortunately—about two years ago. Assuring us that modesty has always been a barrier to his public advancement and social tri umphs, aud that he was long since pronounced by Professor Morse to be the author of the best criticisms upon tbc Fine Arts that had ever appeared on this side of the Atlantic—“an epitaph sufficient tor any boccst man”—tbe Count, all apropos des buttes, proceeds to tell us how he studied •culptnreand modelling under Gibson and tbe Connt d'Orsay, the Constitution under Daniel Webster, and International Law un der Henry Wheaton—all intimate friends of tbc Connt, of course—and Anally “ borics” the critic of the Times by catching him on the hfp. Said the obnoxious critic ofßooth’s “SbylocK”: “In tho last act, all the old miserable business of sharpening tbe knife was perpetrated with a minuteness that was wearisome. Mr. Booth has an unusual bril liant blade; he sharpens It on the solo ofbls boot ai.d tempera 11 affectionately on the upper leather. Is It not about time that this absurdity be discontinued? Why not bring on a butcher's steel at once—or, better still, ugriodstone?” &c. Then the Count, digging his grave, retorts; “Now would not any reader of the above (except & Shaksperlan scholar.) believe that the manner of 'sharpening the knife’ by Mr. Edwin Booth, was entirely erroneous and self-conceited, merely to be different from other Shylocks? That he had no authority for what he did? That It never hid been so illustrated? * * * Mr. Booth, how ever, and every true tragedian and lover of the poet's works, is commanded by SAofcs peare himteif how. when and where Shy lock shall make his trenchant blade keen, as a sacrificial knife, upon the altar of his mad revenge against the Christian victim. * * * Mark! reader! maikl the Imme diate language of the poet, concerning the very scene In question, viz.: gs, “i'aixinJo.-Why dost ibun ichetfny knife so earnestly t % ’Shylock.—-io cut the forfeilnre from that hank runt there. “ Otatiano.— Not on tby tol*, but on th? soul, harsh J*w, thou nakest thy knlie keen,” Ac. With this war-whoop tho Count scalps bis adversary, declaring, meanwhile, that similar malicious suppressions of the truth os to quotations, bos made Senator Charles Sumner “the scorn of scholars, the mockery cl men, the witless wonder of women, and the most insensate of Senators and states men,” for which duplicity be, the Count, I übllcly exposed Lira, Ibe scorn of scholars, in his, tho Count’s, oration at old Faucull Hull, Boston, in reply to bis, the witless wonder’s, speech upon the Foreign Affairs of tho Republic. (It is refreshing to once more hear Charles Stunner called "pet namfcs.” 1 was beginning to think that the art bad been lost with the abolition of slavery. There is hope.) It Is unfortunate for the Times' critic that he should have made so bad a blunder with regard to ihe knife. Sbak-pearo most as suredly indicates Its sharpening by Gratiano’s roost wretched play upon the word sole, which at the lime Is out of place even In tho mouth of him who talks “ an ioflultc deal of nothing.” Ignorance of the text, am! not malice, I take to be the cause of the Time*' mistake, yet that the whetting of the knife Is ‘‘miserable business,” Is, In spite ofSbaka peare, most true. An action so common, so vulgar, converts a tragic scene Into comedy; no amount of genius can make it dignified, and a laugh from the audience is the result. In the day’of Burbadge, when Sbylock was made a burlesque, this business might have been highly effective, bat surely not now, and it does not mend the matter to know that all tragedians go through the same dis gusting pantomime. All commentators, I believe, have decided that Sbakspeare bore no malice in his heart toward Jews, bat that he aloue in his gene ration endeavored to stem the current of popular prejudice by Ibis very creation of Sbylock, giving to him Christian passious Such being the case, I do not sec why the in troduction of the knife with its accompany- log pun, might not have been made for the gratification of Simkspeare’s own times, and those times being past, I do not see why the action need longer hold the stage. Cen sors do not hceitatc to cut such portions of “The Mctchant of Venice” as are offensive to the moral sense ; surely, then, there is no good reason why that which offends the artis tic sense should not be pruned away. “.Fatal* in uno, /aims in omnibusex claims the Count Joannes, Inferring that be* cause tbe Time* has made one slip It cannot be credited when pronouncing Judgment upon Mr. Booth’s “Sbylock.” But U this Latin quotation bolds good, what Is to be* come of the Count himself? “Mark! read er! mark!” “Sbylock cannot be a rich man since he has recourse to his friend ‘Tubal, a wealthy Hebrew of his tribe,’ to furnish him even with the small sum of three thousand ducats.” Not rich? Lauucelot distinctly speaks of himself as t% the rich Jew's man,” making Sbylock thereby especially rich among a community of Jews as famous for their wealth os tor their greed. Bassanio, too, when applied to by Launcclot for cm* ployment, wonders bow it can be prefer ment, “ *1 o leave a rich Jne's service, to become Tbe follower of so poor a gentleman." And Sbylock docs hiraselfconfess that be makes his gold breed as tast as did the ful some ewes In skilful Jacob’s flock. Was there never a rich man that could not lend the gross of three thousand ducats immedi atelyupon application? How different a ta’e will Wall street tell 1 And why, too, may not the difficulty of raising three thou sand ducats have been a nor to blind Antonio at the accommodating kindness of the Jew and make him the more ready to sign “t£c merry bond?” Haring made Sbylock a poor man, or, at least, not a rich one, the Count “logically” concludes that Mr. Booth “dresses too rich ly,” and, moreover, could not, owing to the laws of the Republic, wear silks and vel vets, Jews—especially money-lenders—being obliged to assume a peculiar and degrading costume. Consult Knight, who is. perhaps, as good an authority as the Count, and you will be told that the only distinction exacted of the Hebrew nee was, among men. the wearing of “an orange-tawny bon net,” which can bo seen on Mr. Booth’s < head every night he performs “Sbylock.” Shakspeire refers to the “Jewish gaberdine,” but as ev ery nation renders the word differently, and ob no investigator baa yet decided the pro chc meaning of such an article of apparel, it really would seem as though Mr. Booth might be allowed to wear hU present dress in peace; it in no way strikes the eye as costly, being sombre and unpretending in color, however rich it may be In material. As “the Count” claims to be “the champion of troth,” it la quite pathetic that he, too, as well as the critic of the TUne* % should be caught tripping. If dressing were ail the fault to be found with Mr. Booth’s “Sbylock,” one might in deed rejoice, but unfortunately It cannot be aaid, ’ 4 lbi*!stbe Jew Tnat tihaksprare drew.” Wishing that Booth’s conception of the cbaiactcr were all oar fancy paints it. the critic la forced to shake hi* head in very pos itive dls*cvt. The Tima U right (□ charging Mr. Booth with being melodramatic; rght. too, is the llor/d In saying that “the Hoc IcapJ before he hoa crouched.” Prom the begin utag Mr* Booth is harsh, load and unnatural; there la oo light and shade, and not until his ".final exit from the Senate Chamber can wc Wy “Bravo!” That is well done, subdued ' t ct! forcible, dumb with agony and truly artistic. ■ I Why being able to do oue thing zo.wcll Mr. Booth teoot equally good In other por tiona of tbe play, I do not know, I certainly, and moat hearllly wish be were, for then, ln ; deed,, ifeahould sec Shakapeare revived. Of the remainder of the cast it were best to say nothing Madame Mcibua Scheller In “Portia,” la simply Intolerable. She does not _„ahe whines, nor .does --she whine —In “English, but In tbat which among naturalized Ger mans may pass for It. New York being the third largest German city in the world, seems determined to have the dact kept before the : pnbllc by putting U upon the stage. Bas saniois Indifferently done, Gratlano is made contemptible and Antonio la bensoth" con tempt. Nerissa Is nobddy, and JesMca, of course, reminds one of “help.” Regarded as a spectacle, the “Merchant of Vekice” is assuredly a “revival.” The costumes arc beautiful, and the scenery truly superb. Were the acting eqoallyigood.lt would be wuith whilFfor Shakapeare to be brought io life that be might sit in a private box end lead the applause. But, alas, Ills not, and “ a pity ’Us ’Us true.”. K. F. I TBE WOULD OF AMOSEMEHT. Music, irt, Fashions and Books. Doll. CM of tbe Season—Some VVorallztoc on itte Bain—(ny Bill and iu Fate—A Mote from an irate individual— I The Phlib*rxm>ulc Uhu»t-Tbe Great Or gan-Women and (llgu Foreheads nirn’a Ham and ibe Latest Fashions— George F. Boot’s Haymakers and a sample of rant—Bistort at New op leaas— Revival of the Opera at New York—A Fashionable Law Milt—The Nprlns Bonnets—Mew Books, Chicago, February 2.1,19-17. *1 o ibe Editor of the Chicago Tnbnne: With the exception of tbe Philharmonic funeral last Monday evening, the world of amusement has been very dull during the week. The theatres have produced uothiog worthy of note. The singing birds haven’t uttered even a peep. The weither has been shocking. Business has been blue. My friends, the counter jumpers, have shown their goods to imaginary cne tomors, made Imaginary change, and done up imaginary bundles, just to keen their bauds in. The “ bouid Finnegans” in green raiment tramped about the city, followed by admiring crowds of Katies and Biddies, ami put down lasbius of tbe “crater” over the latest bulletins from Klllarney—and all the time it has snowed acd rained and thawed with a persistence worthy of death when he gets bold of the deceased African. Some infatuated poet has declared that: “Into orcMiie some rain must fail.” I wouldn’t object to “some rain,” but I do protest agaiust having a freshet fall into my life. I am unskilled In the flat,.boat business, and dismal In a dug-oat, A hippo potamus In the reeds of the Nile is not fa vorable to Lotos eating, neither Is an alliga tor sunning himself in a swamp a very cheer* fill creature, and yet, If the present weather continues lonr, one will need all the attrib utes of tbe platypus to make existence en durable. I doubt whether in such weather as this the Representatives of the people at Spring field can get up animation enough to look after their little stealings. I Judge so, from the fact that my bill for vacating that part of the South Division bounded by tbe South Branch, Michigan avenue, Adams and South Water streets, which is now comparatively unproductive, and presenting it to me; fur ther, authorizing me to hare the monopoly of tbcsalcof dry goods In the city Ihal's; further, authorizing the City Comptroller to issue city bonds for tbe payment of the sumptuous warehouses I shall erect and the stocks I shall Import;—l regret to say that this Utile bill, which seems to me a very moderate demand, has not met with the consideration due to U or its author, al though I sent down a strong lobby well sup plied in Us cuisine and purse. A little cuss from tbe rural districts who thought ho saw in It a scheme to plunder the wool-growers and make his wife pay less lor her calicos and Alexanders, intimidated the fellows 1 bad secured, and they went back on me and sold themselves over my head to the Springfield Ring, on the new State House question. And all this happened because I didn’t know their price. When my next bill goes down, I shall find out their top dames. Which reminds me that I have received a note this week from an irate individual who really believes that the Philharmonic Society Is alive and proceeds to go Into me, hors *, foot and dragoons. The following extract, verbatim et literatim et punctuatlm, will be sufficient: “There Is a tinker In (he tiibuoe of these morn ing wno have undertaken tbe ta»k of « cnticker on the mufiik given br Ac Pbillomo last nigul there uan old proverb saying do not cast pearls lor awmethai proverb are evident.y applyciblu on ourcritick eruelU.ecriuckerhulU mtut enun ale from a search eumenUy able If iu task it is iaa» for anybody to produce such a sweeping charge as that refer ed lo aoore bat it uhe* taleui to produce a cause there U what U pie icuds.” Exactly so! My dear fellow, whoever you arc with your confoundedly bad English and worse sense, you are a genius. 1 recog nize flights In yon which,! do not see in other people. Hike you, but in spite of jour abuse of “the criticker,” whatever Uut la, let me tell you that the Philharmonic is dead—deader than a herring. I saw it when it died. I was one of the chief monruers. 1 sat up with the boJy and I adorned it with Cornelias and lmmortel.es in respect to Its memory and the good it had done. And I condoled with the relatives of the lamented deceased. There is nothing more unpleasant In this world than dead people that won’t stay dead, but have unpleasant habits of coming np out of their graves and stalking about in their shronds, terrifying good honest people who have not yet left their fleshy tabernacles ana woald, what is more, never prefer to do so. Now, my friend of the broken English, this is what ails the Philharmonic. It will not recognize the fact that It is dead; that there is no speculation in Us eyes, but keeps marching on like John Brown’s soni, barrowing up the feelings of the friends of the deceased, who buried it under the sod long ago, and whose stated time of mourning is np. Unfor- Innately there is no statute against vagrant ghosts and wo may ho subjected for some time to come to Its unearthly visitations and to such feeble concerts os that last Monday. Yon must not suppose, because nothing appears on the surface, that the Great Organ for the Young Men’s Christian Associatiou has been given up. The committee are vig oronsly at work, and will shortly receive proposals from the prominent Eastern organ builders. The Y. M.C. A. propose to have, and, what is more, trill have the best or<an and handsomest organ case in the United States, which will be bad for the provincial places such as Peoria, St. Louis, Boston, Kankakee, Detroit, New York, and Ana* mosa. There is nothing more shocking than a high forehrad on a woman. Granting that it denotes intellect. It delracts from beauty, and not until women assume the duties of Senstois and Judges should they transform themselves Into models for Gall and Spurz hclm. The prevailing fashion now Is for the low forehead—a fashion endorsed by every law of beauty and taste. Wc have no finer models of female beauty than the antiques of Greece —no lovelier types than tfacVcn uses and Phryncs of antiquity, the Madon nas of Raphael, the Macdatcnas of Murillo and Titian, and the living peasants of the Campagna, and the senoritasusf» Senile all glorying in the low forehead. Horace. Catiillns, Ovid and Anacreon have sung Its praises, and a*, last our own women have ap preciated the fact that a high forehead may become Shakspcare and Bacon, a Romm Senator or an Italian monk, hot not woman, especially when obtained at tbc expense of hair, ruthlessly compressed behind the cars or barbarously shaved off, giving one the im pression of pin feathers. The wave of hair sweeping over the forehead, which makes a man look like an ass, makes woman look su premely beautiful. Ciesar, with his bristly hair brushed straight down upon his fore head, looks like a brute, while Julia, with her thin crescent forehead, bordered by an nndnlatory selvage of hair, is a type ol womanly beanly. a more hideous sight than a woman with every hair on her head drawn back to its ut most tension, and terminating in a huge un seemly wad at the back of her neck, distort ing every feature and throwing the whole face out of Us true expression and out of ratnral repose, I cannot conceive, unless it U the latest fashion in Men’s hats. A flat-topped, bell-crowned, casslmere, cylindrical horror. As far as form goes— when young Boosey and Fltz Henry are on a spree, ana F. H. smashes B.’s bat over his eye* to indicate his love for him and the gen eral hilarity of his disposition, young S B. at that Interesting moment has a hat Just In the fashion. It is a comfort that 1 hare not got to wear one of these things, and equally a comfort that latitude prevails in the mutter of hate. The style Is usually the one least worn, and it may be set down as a general rule that every man wearing a hat, from the old soft, sloncby veteran of years’ wear to the latest silk stove-pipe; la In fashion. The old hat is always In fashion. Yon may see old hoop skirts, old bonnets, old noots and old breeches by the scores In any gutter, but rarely old hats. What boose does not possess scores of them! What man hat von- i ciatrs item—lays them aside tenderly, ouly to take them up again a long time after t The old bonnet goes out of fashion with each changing moon. The old bat never. The roughest joke of the season bis been perpetrated on George F. Root by a Method ist Church at Detroit, which objected to the I»crlormoncc of his “Haymakers,” on the ground that It was “ In every wnfldenUcal with the opera,” and.that the~moDoy real ised from U itthil be the '“wages of sin.” . iam not Jiklng. I , It Is rough on the' open to .make the. “Haymaken’VlrtenllcaV with It, but'lt la rougher on pbpr Root ib make the perform* aticp w of bis lilts cantata, a sin. I wonder if that Methodist Chnrch ever heard of the yrord^’cant,” I wonder if they weren’t ashamed of them iclves when they gave the'matter a sober second thought. , Why,' my dear; brothers and sisters, tbe “Haymakers* Is perfectly harmless. It U no more* like ! ah opera. than chalk Is like cheese. There Isn't sin enough In it to make It human. It is the genuine article of Old Morality Itself. I wonder if Cotton Mather belongs to. that church ! I wonder if they hung good wife ■Cole lor riding broomsticks I I wonder If they know that tbe world movesj I wonder if fa straining at this gnat of “The Haymak ers,” they arc not eating camels by tbe wholesale! ‘ I wonder if they are joking! But I see It stated as an absolute fret, and If It Is an absolute fret,l wonder if they don’t know that for every convert they make,they virtually lose ten. My parting advice to them Is—be good chiidicn. Don’t fear the Haymakers. It is harmless to take. If you want to pitch In, do as brother Hatfield does. Strip off your coat and wade right into the devil himself. You won’t have to look long In Detroit for him. Bistort U having a charming time la Now Orleans, marching from victory to victory, drawing tremendous houses, receiving flow ers by the cait load, and serenades every night. The first night she arrived she was serenaded by a large Italian orchestra, led by Carlo Patti, fa diva’i brother, which per formed the overture to Jfuttte de Portia, pot pourries from Trovatore, Faust and the Si cilian Vespers and tbe Carnival de Venice acd Sounds from Home, solos for violin by Puill. Murctzek, it Is stated, will restore tbe Dal. ian opera in the new Academy of Music with the following strong troupe : Parcpa, Kel logg, Foch, Tests, Rauch, Ron con!, Stella Bonhtur lor prim! douoc ; Maz- zc-leni, Baragli, Testa, and Bernardlnl for

tenorl; Rtmconl, buffo ; aud Bellini, An to nucci, Fossati, and Bacclii for baritonl and bossl. Tbe leaders arc Maretzck, Bergraann and Toirlanl. The repertoire of the season will be : '‘L’Aftlcaiae,” •* Norma,”- “ Tro vatore,” “Rlgoletto,” “Faust,” “II Bar blere di Sevlglia,” “Zarapa,” “Lucrezia Bor gia,” “La Favorlta*” “ Martha,” “L’Etoile Du Nord,” “La Somnambula,” “Eraanl,” “Un Ballo In Moschcra,” “ Fra Diavolo,” “La Traviata,” “ Crispin© e la Comare,” “ Dt-« Pasquale,” “L’Elislr d’Amore,” and “Dou Giovauul,” and a new opera by Fe trclia, “11 Cnrncvale di Venezia.” The Duchess do Persigny, one of the lead ers of the fashion iu Paris, has got Into a law suit with her ml.liner, whose bills she re fuses lo pay on the ground that the charges aie txccs-sive. Among tbe Hems In the ac count “is a robe of white aud gold taffeta, elegantly trimmed, with a chemisette and sleeves of Valenciennes lace, the charge for which was SICO. A gorgeous robe de bal of maroon aud silver tulle, dotted all over with blue and silver butterflies, is priced $-240; a sailn cloak, also studded with butterflies to match, |7O, and a costume of black silk, trimmed with jet ornaments, SMO.” The court referred the disputed account to an ex pert, and deferred Us judgment. Some of onr Chicago ladles can pay better prices than these without winking. I cannot close without telling the ladles some points about the new spring bonnets. The style differs but very little from that now In vogue. Of course they ate not any smaller, for that is impossible, but they are more convex, and differently shaped. The advantage ol the present style is that three eighths of a yard of material is sufficient, aud that any lady possessing enough inge nuity to make a pin-cushion can be her own milliner, while those who purchase their own material can get up very stylish bead , gear at a very little cost. The importation of artificial flower* will be very limited. They are to he very Utile used, while drooping and manufactured feathers are so expensive as to be beyond tbe reach of the majority. The principal ornamentation used will com prise detached leaves and other devices, with glass pendants, and a few of these will go a long way. In colors there seems to bo nothing new. The bonnet silks left over fiom last year will auswer as well for this. The ladies will exhibit their oblna, for the bonnets are to be *lcd behind their ears. The new books of the week arc as follows: Miss Thackeray’s “Village on the Cliff”; Miss Florence Mairyutl’s “For Ever .and Ever;” Edmund Kjrko’B.“Llfe of Jesus,” wMch Is tald to be a piece of literary slop, work, us might have been expected; a new edition of Jerrold’s “Curtain Lectures”; Anthony Trollope’s “Claverings” ; Vol. XI. t?f Little and Brown’s ‘‘Works of Gdmued Burke” ; Miss McCrindcll’s '‘School Girl la France” ; Rev. Dr. MeDutTs “D;»y Dawn”; Prof. Jackobu*’ ‘‘Commentary of Genesis”; Leypoldt & Holt’s “Journal of Maurice dc Guerin”; Henry Winter Davis’ ‘‘Speeches’*; William Howltts’ “IVoodbura Grinko”; “The Papacy” by the .Abbe Gnetce, D. U.; Whittier’s new poem “The Tent on the Beach”; Mrs. Muhlbacb’s “Berlin and Suns Souci” ; “Faith Unwin’s Ordeal,” by Georgi ana M. Coib ; “Practical hints on iliumiua- tion,” by Alice Doulevy; “The Quaker Sol d'er; or, Tbc British In Philadelphia,” a romance of tbc Revolution, by Colonel J. Hitcher Jones; “Country Quarters,” a love story by the Countess of Blcssington. On (lit, that Gazzuniga is going to marry Signor Alblllcs, a music teacher in New York. PERBOKIXE. Faded, bt wild XDonrrcm. Tears faded, flowers, faded. Sit ce that harpy by-goue day Whrn a fair toulc brow ve shaded. In a garland fresh aud gay. Te are laded, summer flowers. Like the lustre or her name. And ye seem to mock the powers I have wasted courting fame. Ye arc faded, bnt (here Itnccrs Pei Tame sweet around ibee yoL, And I bold ye in my flngcif. Weeping, when I should forget. She is laded like thy petals. O. ye blossoms Bruised and sore. Darkness round bet rnturu settles. Garlands crown her brow so more, bbe is faded—she is faded Through vhame’s narrying decay; SUver In her hair Is braided. Where ye once In beauty lay. She is faded—she is blighted. Like a crashed and Trodden flower— Like the honest heart sbe slighted, In ibe passion of an boar. In the take 1 look, deeded. Acd Us waters, calm and bloc. By the Laggard lace reflected. Tell me 1 am faded, too. Faded, all bat Ufa’e distresses. Even Aciw, once bright and strong, Dies within tuy heart's recesses. like the echo of a sons. Eanhscems faded, man designing, Woman tickle, neak, untrue; O. tow bard to cash repining. Faded wreath, beholding you. Still, tby fragrance. living ever. Seems to brack that soul of *wnti Stall prevail, ana perish never. Though his life u but a span; Ibat tbe Joys which turn to sadness J> fats tearful, laded eye*. Shall hereafter bloom with glalness In tbe careens of the slues. WsXDHinto: February. 1367- A Lttet.al Frumjaarr.—Mr. George Williams writes to an English Journal from Ring’s College, Cambridge, on behalf of “the smallest nationality In the world.” Ibis, it appears, lathe Samaritan community, consisting of only one hundred aud fif:y soulf. and who seem to be no better treated by tfa< lr Mussulman rulers than they were by tbeir Jewish neighbors of ola. Tbey have experienced a literal inlfllmcnt of tbe proverb that “lie that exalieth Ll« gate sccketh destruction.'' Tney had beichtrucd the Bbeel-door of tbe synagogue at Xablons itomfoarfcet to about five feet six inches; they had also renewed some part of the pavement ol the synagogue Itself, which bad become de cayed. These repairs were declared Illegal b* the Turkish official, who, accompanied by a mob of two hundred or three hundred fanatics, went him self to the synacogee, where ne dircstcd and su perintended thed- molttfonof the new work,whicb w. a so n ell executed by tbe mob that they left the buildings complete wreck, and its owners are not allowed to repair U, They are thus deprived of any place in which to worship,and Mr. Wiliams brings the ca>c forward In the hope that It may lead to some action In their behalf (broach the good offices ct the British Government with the Porte. Cocsxxtimt.— An accrmplUhed American lady at a ps: tv in London recently, was takes to task by a blowsey cockneyess who scattered her h’a in aU directions, for some t»Upronncclatlon. “You must consider,” said the tstr Yankee, “how short a time T have beard English spoken. Of coarse my native longue is Choctaw; and If my dress ti.d behavior ere not eomme it fcti\ think how short a time Uls since 1 wore nothing bat point and ftaiher*, and al« sys came Into a room with a war-whoop.” Madame Britannia looked a little shocked and puzzled, bnt ter good nature came to ibe rescue, and bars'lag leto a great hearty faneb, tbe said: “Well, my dear, don’t be bnpeet about It, uo'se ball one flesh and blood, and I'm sure you're os white as bsoy of ns.” AJfKKiCAjf brocsTßr.— The mine In cold of the annual prodoc a of the people oT the United States for the year IS6G was in round c|#at)ers «* lollow*: Tboee cogged in agriculture #3,608,000,000; martifacinrea, incttding all oro ceases between the raw material and conaump lop. ten.cot),ooo; mining. ♦t0n > 000,0(»; fishing, #I3,OOQ,C(X); hnntmg, #2.000,0CX); wood catting, etc., $25,000,000; domestic commerce, #1,500,000,000; foreign commerce, #100,000,000; net anneal earning* ot gross Increase or money ▼aloe derived from exchanging prodneta with foreign countries, engaging In Improrlng the bee of'he country and subduing it to the purposes of toclety, #2,400,000,000; total In gold ealno, ##,756,000,000, tne tame reduced to currency, #0,458,000,0C0, j WASHINGTON GOSSIP. Society at the Watlpn(al Cap 'Mi. H 'v-‘\ ffhataXady Sawand Heard at tbe . White Home. -- ■/ Mrs. Benator Sprague. ' n 1 Chat Vitb Generals Sheridan and Banks. fTae following Is a private letter from R tbe wife of a distinguished citizen of New York*, to a friend In this :] ** Wnexann’s Hosxx, -Waunraxov, D.O;» February 13,1841. f My Dear Friend: ; Probably nothing, bnt this rain storm would bavo en abled me to write you from here. Once In. the xmclstrom of Washington life, you know, it Is almost Impossible to steer out of Us whirling routine into the calmer waters of an ordinary, leisurely existence, j had began to fear that 1 should never be «blc to draw a long breath attain, so tossed have I been from one place to another about this vast city: bnt tbis dull day, with its heavy tains, has pat me o(T duty, and, as I i sit here quietly In my “ sky-parlor reaching heavenward far,” I feel its coming to bare been a benediction. ! There Is always much to do, of course, In this gay capital, and just now there Is more than usual. There are hundreds of strangers here; for some reason or other a great gath ering of Generals; and social life seems to have reached its high tide of gayety. At the President’s levee there was “ a per fect mob”-—to use the words of a Senator’s wile. And,lndeed, it was promiscuous enough to salt the most ultra stickler for social equality. There were young and old, gentle aud simple, rich and poor; cve>y class of so* clety was represented, from tbe polished man of the world lo him who elbowed his way amongst tbe ladles with his bands In his pockets ; and all shared equally In the dis comforts Incident to such an enormous gath ering. The richest velvets and most deilcato laces, the flimsiest muslins and shabbiest bareges were alike trodden on and mangled by the Impartial crowd. It were a hopeless task to describesomc of tbe costumes that emerged from tbe out* pouring moss about half-past eleven. A modiste would have gone distracted. One lady, In a dilapidated tarletan, with her chignon looking like a badly-used mop, ex claimed. with some asperity and much truth, as her exhausted escort faintly called the number of their hackcnen : “This is enjoyment, I suppose ! I’m about ready for paper rags, are'nt you? I fed bumped all over.” Another lady fainted, and an* other —an acquaintance o( mine—lost oli her wraps in the dressing room, though for that matter many went home without their cloaks, and several gentlemen, then and there parted forever with their overcoats and hate. Bat my warmest sympathies were with that uniortunate man, a member of the Congressional corps, who lost the skirts of his best broadcloth awailow-taU. Though he had a lady on each arm the mithlcss tbionc deliberately pulled them off (not the ladies, bat the coat skirts,) and “he had the Insanity,” said one who was describing the sene to me, ‘‘to stop and try to search for them.” An amusing commentary upon the lawless* ness that prevailed outside, ns well as in, took place while we were waiting for our caralagc. Oo a marble-topped tabic stood a rlu pail of Ice-water. I looked inquiringly. astonished to see such a utensil in the ves tibule of the Executive Mansion. Tbc little black boy who sat swinging his legs from the tabic thought. I suppose, that I was thirsty and returned my look with one of commis eration as he said: “Taint no use, Missus ; they’ve stole de dipper.” Is it strange that Europeans who frequent such entertainments as these complain of our barbarous customs ond call us an un couth people? Though we suffered from the crowd In our labored progress toward the Bine Room, where the President stood for three and a half hours, shaking hands with the multi tude, U was pleasant to find a breathing space in tbc East Room. Here strains of music and the perfumes of flowers filled the air, aud beautiful women with indefinitely long trains, walked up and down by the side of distinguished men, or stood in little groups that constantly shifted like the colors In a kaleidoscope, Tlieirmagntficeot dresses and the uniform of an untold number of offi cers, against tbe back ground of the newly frescoed walls, made a brilliant scene. Here were also present the usual number of pretty young girls, with the Incvltaolc peplum and one long carl—smiling much upon men with titles and less npou civilians not so blessed, but “making round eves,” os tbe French say, at all, and, like the youth of the sterner sen, invariably and ingenious ly misapplying their adjectives. One young miss, in straw-color, said to me in a breathless, artless way. “‘Your first visit to Washington? Have jou seen the Cah-pi-tol yet? It’s such a pretty place! And did yon go down to Washington’s tomb that is to be or was to have been? It’s so nice ! We went yesterday morning, and a gentleman in the party ahead of us—the author of that lovely book, ‘The Trooper,’ was mistaken by the old negro for Grant. Were you at the General's last night? In ail that shocking jam? Wasn’t Mav/ulf Have you seen Mrs. Sprague yet, and Isn’t ebeqmndf” Now just at that moment Mrs. Sprague was floating by on billows of exquisite lacc, sparkling with smiles and diamonds, and “ crand” was the lost word to have applied to her. The terms nsed by tbo lit;le girl In straw color, in speaking of the Capitol and Cap tain Adams’ clever book, however, would have been very appropriate. She is “ pretty” and “lovely;” piquantc acd fascinating, too,'bat hardly “gracd.” Without being strictly beautiful she has a charming coun tenance aud a certain winning grace in all her movements that is at the same time dep recatory and winning. An indescribable sweet way of shutting up her eyes when she laughs lends her face an uncommon charm, and gives one the desire to see her smile again. She has the same “cameo-llke dell cacy” of feature that Willis Of*ed to remark in American women, and all the vivacity that one can the wear and tear of many seasons of fashionable society. At ber father’s reception on Wednesday evctiingshe received bis guests with exceeding tact and elegance. Indeed, it is for this specific talent, 1 believe, that she is considered re markable. Amongst the distinguished guests present were George W. Curtis, George Peabody, Rossiter, the artist, Senator Morgan and General Sheridan—tbc latter looking as un like the conventional idea of a hero a? Grant dees, though if one has an eye for phreno logical developments and observes bis organs of combativcncss, It is not difficult to recall the lines in Buchanan Read’s fine dramatic poem, commencing: Then etrlkng bla spun, with a terrible oath. He dieted down the .itte" mid a vorm of ba/jaa. And the ware ol retreat checked lu course then, because The right of its master compelled it to paase. I think, tbe General a most agreeable man, socially. He talks well and to one’s enter taltrncnt, particularly when relating his ad ventures in the Far West. His first exper ience of tbe frontier took place when he was sent out from West Point. And since then, he says, be has always returned to the plains and moantains with renewed delight. To the hardihood acquired by that wild life be owes mneta of bis subsequent success. He finds himself, he tells me, always wishing to escape to its freedom and novelty. And, though he talks so well, I hardly think tbe General was destined by nature for a man of society. He is too earnest aud sincere to enjoy frivolity, Ul« views are too broad, his Instincts too true. He is more at home in a saddle than a rocking-chair, and a mountain top flushed with the sunrise Is a lar more enticing view than the gayest ball room scene, though It be resplendent with woman’s beauty. He said to me, one day; in rcpiy to my remark that these public men in their lives of harry and worry and bustle were to be pitied. “Yes, I get little opportunity to sleep here in Washington. And I’m so bewildered half the time Ihtt I lose everything—hat, glons, handkerchief, pocket-book—all 1 have but, one thing." “And what is that ?” (Laughing)—“Ob, that’s my heart.” Another officer whom I have fonud a most agreeable man is General Banks. Like Sheri dan, be is one of tbe few who has not disap pointed my “Great Expectations.” I shall always remember the pleasant impression X received when I first saw him at the Capitol. He Interests himself with most successful energy in the decorations of tbe bailding and manifests discrimination and taste in all Ibat lie undertakes. He explained to ns a plan he had for making a portrait-gallery of the chamber we were then in—the Speaker’s room; portraits which should be authentic likenesses of all the Speakers of the House from the first one down to tbe lost. His plan has already bad a partial realization. There are some links wanting in the chain, bat those will soon be supplied. Two fine photo graphs of himself and two more of Mr. Col fax are not among tbe least attractions of the place. We were not fortunate enough to hear tbe General’s fine speech on Recon struction, which we very much regretted. It is said to be the best of the session. Of coarse, we have visited the Patent Of fice, where wo were bewildered by the countless examples of human ingenuity there displayed* Tbe cases containing relics of the Washington family, and those filled with Japanese cariosities, [interested us most. If you have been there,[what did you think of the presents from too Irnaum of; Muscat? If all Persian carpets) are as dingy as that one. It la not probably that Edgar A. Poe’s theories respecting floor coverings will ho Generally adopted. ) • At the Smithsonian Institute we were most kindly received by Prof. Bilrd. When we esme upon him her was busily occupied opening boxes of birds Just arrived from the Northeastern coast of this county. It was easy to see that* he did his work “ ctm amore lndeed, It would need much cuthublasin, I am sure, to labor la such a temperature as wo found in bis laboratory. We expressed our surprise that he - was* not chilled, when: Professor Gibba remarked: •« Oh, he doesn’t mind it.' He works here wb'eniifo cold enough to freeze mercury.” through the Treas ury bull ding was made unusually pleasant by the attentions of some friends having ofllces ini that Department.' We did not see the lady in carls and spectacles who is said to feed General Spinner with tea from a spoon, al though It was just about lunch-time and many of the female clerks were eating sand wiches at' their desks. Indeed, 1 strongly suspect that old lady to be a myth, notwith standing the assertions of some unsuccessful oUke-scckcrs. In spite of the meddlesome Mrs. Swiss helm’s opinions; I was agreeably impressed with the appearance and conduct of the fe male employes. I observed no extravagance In dress, no coquetry of manner, no Impropri eties of any sort, though 1 saw them during a sort of recess when, If at any time, they would be likely to throw off restraint. One of the officers told me what I knew before, that there had been & superhuman effort made to turn them oat, but he hoped and believed It would he unsuccessful; that they did aa well as, and better than, men In the same places, and that the few reports that have crept abroad concerning their ina bility and misbehavior were gross slanders. On Saturday evening we attended a de- lightful reunion at Secretary Stanton’s. It was vt-ry like all those receptions; one met the same people that bad been at the Chief Justice’s, the Speaker’s, and General Grant’s, as well as a fresh invoice of strangers. Of course there were swarms of army officers. What with them and other dis tlrguishcd men, and their various titles, I was completely embarrassed. The Generals were as thick as blades of of grass in a pasture. Every other man was a General. For that matter, anywhere In Washington, oce couldn't throw a stone in the street without hitting one. There were a number ot Colonels and Majors, and Sena* t<>rs, also, acd I iound myself applying their titles as Indiscriminately as the girl in straw color did her adjectives. Complaining of my dilemma to a young lady—the daughter of a General—l was advised to call them all Generals and Senators, os a course sure to give invariable satisfaction. Amongst the notable women present were Mrs. Myra Clark Gaines, Mrs. General Lander, Mrs. Cal houn, of the Tribune , and Mrs. Senator Sum ner. If I bad time 1 should like to say something of these women, but my letter al ready must have taxed your patience. Good night. R. CABUIAtiiS. The Coat and Mylc of Fashionable Fqmpasc*. (Prom tbe Now York Home Jonrraf.J To gather a round and full idea of the per. faction to which carriage-making has been carried, especially within the last tcu years, it Is only necessary to indulge in a pleasant day’s saunter at the Central Park, or to visit any one of our numerous warehouses along Broadway. We say within the past ten years, for it Is not more than a decade since tbe time when even pleasure vehicles were almost as heavy and ponderous as stages are now, and when stages were ponderous as cars of Juggernaut among the Hindoos. Gayii sarreru* ol painting, also, as if to render car riages more hideous, were, tcu years since, m vogue; and vehicles ol grecu, vehicles of blue, vehicles of vcllow, vchiclcsol black,like hearses, except uudraptd, and vehicles of parti-color, fantastically Arabesque’d, were mingled and commingled in inextricable con tusion. Nut more fancbnlly devised and dteorated were the strange cars in which mythology caused xo tide Its gods, than were the oddlycolortd and stilt more oddly-fash ioned pleatute boats in’which gallants made calls, and gay ladies peregrinated, to and fro, and np and down, os did tbe devil in the book ofjub. In the modern carriage, several advantages Lave been gained—so obvious that one may wonder that they were ever left out of ac count. First, In order of mode, come the Clarence and tbe Victoria carnages, both of which arc rather massive and magnificent than gay or fanciful, and both of wmch arc cqnatly well fitted tor family carriages iu an airing at the Central Park. In neither of these are orna iui ntal colors oftcu used—the general contour and fltdsh'tng being generally unobtrusive. Lamps ol glass, of ycUow-tupaz tin’, enclose blossoms of light on citb>--r side ortho «IH. ver’s scat,ai.dremind the looker-on, at night, of Dickens’ queer simile about eyes; but even these are seldom lighted, and arc rather or namental than utilitarian, and,beyond these, to ornamentation Is used, save the mouo crom. For gracefulness, we think the pre ference should be given to the Clarence over tbe Victoria—though the coupe , phaeton, and rockuway are, it seems to us, more graceful than either, if somewhat less expen sive. And, at this juncture, bv way of giving an frea of the number and variety of styles wHch have grown up wltlinafcw years, und of the cost of a stylish equipage, wc may set down the names of a lew leading Myles, specifying their average prices. A Cfau-nce—as labellers say or winu —o rdina i re may be bought for sl,s(XV—though the top of I lie (on In Clarences cannot be afforded for loss than from £l,fcoo to £I.OOO. Other flg urea and ntmes we may exhibit in tabular rorm. Boa'-body lon bnecy fajO to 400 l'lai.o-body, ioat-e«aUa buggy, halt top 453 to 500 ftinchllr-bodw top-bngey uoO to 4W) l igb door famllr ro'.ktt'tay 400 to -150 tkclclnu-door family rockaway ..... 3Ta to ti'O hector’s phaeton, half-top 3 0 to SSU To:k phae’on, half-top, with four feats 523 to 550 i oal-box buggy, no top Rio to 325 i iookeu-bojy, uila four scats 23u to 400 Victoria, laU-top, "bh «x seats .. 830 to 10CU w’oal-box boggy, with deep back aud shitting top -125 to 450 Coupe •acka« ay, class front tltO to 1300 Ponyphectoii, fcalf-top 3W) to 823 Basket pbaelon WW to MW Vwo-wbeeied dog-cart 400 to 200 Ciit.urdcr coal-hoxbaggy ..... b 75 to ICO Four-wheeled rant seat dog-cart.... 400 <o -153 Prpot wsgon, fix seats 4UO to 450 Fom-ieaud gaiasb** lluO to l.vw EitcDslou-top barouche. 523 to K 0 The above ntnnuranda comprehend all the leading styles with their average prices, ex hibiting one Item of tbe expense of a fashion able outfit, though by no means the most important one, as tbe mania for gold mono prams abundantly demonstrates; and from them may be gathered a tolerably incid idea uf the manifold kinds of carriage luto which thewAirftcofrof the Elizabethan period has devtloj-ccl. A carriage at this day maybe made a mov ing palace on wheels, to such perfection has the art of interior decoration been carried. Most expensive are the trimmings of satin — though broadcloth is still considered a good material for cushions, and is somewhat more quiet than the former. Satin costs more than other material, however, and is, there fore, likely to have an unusual ran. Leath er has, on the other hand, been nearly ex punged from the alphabet of material—not being eufilcltntly sumpstoos to suit the taste ul our money-maniacs. Clarences, Victorias, phaetons, and oonpe rockaways, lead{the style—'though galashes arc rekoned quite aristocratic, and receive considerable patronage from the “upper ten.” Meanetime, let onr millionaires take their airings at the Central Park, and let not those envy who cannot afford the vehicle. A good equipage is good in its way, bat a pientltude of muscle with which to walk is better, and. fer many occasions, more avail able. AUT. BoUrermol’p Picture ol the Republican Court fu the Uayn of (Prom the New York limes, February 91.] This picture, which was exhibited private ly last night to a few gentlemen of the press und others of the art persuasion, is, as the title would naturally suggest, a pendant to Huntingdon's celebrated “ Republican Court In the Days of IVashlngtoa.” Tbe two paintings represent the gicat epochs of the country's history— I The Revolution and the Rebellion. ‘ihe work has occupied Mr. Bothcrmcl for two years, aud is In every way a remarkable firoductior. It is not easy to arrange a mob Da wav that may be plciomllj Interesting to the eye. When this is even attempted, u results generally In a formality of lines, pleasant and easy to pass along, bnt impos sible in the great fact ol life. Mr. Roth ermei has grouped his characters with a nonchalant ease, which contributes greatly to the charm of the picture. This charm is ol course the portraits, which have been studied from the Ute, and with a sincer ity and earnestness which me seldom brought to bear on such subjects. The variom char acters arc individualized with skill, and con trasted with a strong sense of color. We give below a general description of the s't tors, and nrcc our friends to see the work. The scene is laid at the second, inauguration ol President Lincoln. On the extreme left Is seated Mr. John J. Crittenden and Hon. Edward Everett, on whose right stands Mrs. Gould Hoyt, daught er of the late General Scott. Behind Edward Everett is Mrs. General Fremont and Chief Justice Fields. The gentle men in the back-ground of the extreme left are Senator Morgan, James T. Brady, General Bis and Speaker Colfax. Behind Mrs. Fremont are W. Cullen Bryant and the late John J. Crittenden. Prominent in the foreground in this group stands Secretary Seward, beyond whom stands Generals Sb'-rraan and Sheridan; farther to the right is General McClellan, and In front Miss Dennison, at whose back Is Admiral Farragnt- The centre groan is composed of Chief Justice Chase and Mrs. Governor Sprague; immediately back of Mrs. Sprague is the daughter of er-Goveroor Fish, back of whom is Mrs. Lfpplncott (formerly Grace Greenwood). The extreme background of this group is Mrs. Frederick Seward, Moses Taylor aud Judge Kelley; behind whom is Lord Lyons. The next group to the rlghiis General Grant presenting Mrs. Grant to President Lincoln Back of Mrs. Grant arc MUs Kin ney and Miss Jarvis. At the left of Mrs. Grant is Mrs. Gen. Halleck, Mlis Harris and Mrs.’Williams, (formerly Mra. Stephen A. Dongles). In tbe extreme background, rest ing bis arm on the mantel, is Governor Cur tin, of Pennsylvania, General and Mrs. Bum tide, back ol whom is Prolessor Morse. Tbe next group to the right and on tne left of President Lincoln is Mrs. Lincoln addressing the late General Scott, back of whom stands Miss Kate Dix. On the extreme tight Is Mrs. Senator Morgan,' Mrs. Geceral lieintaelman, General and Mr*. Metde and Admiral Porter. Immediately back of President Lincoln Is General ze’tLan, late Chief Justice Taney, Secretary Stanton, Horace Greeley and General Fre mont. Immediately back of Mrs. Lincoln is Vice President Andrew Johnson, Secretaries McCnllocb a«d Welles. Furlherin the back ground Is Secretary Cameron, Governor Au drew, oi Massachusetts. and Gene.-al Thomas. GOSSIP FOR TOE LIDIES. The Fashions. The Prerailinc Modes for February and March. Social, matrimonial and Otherwise, The Fashions. [From Le PolleLJ- Many ball dress materials are of great ele gance. One of the principal, of a xaney de scription, is the embroidered silk tulle, the patterns of which are bouquets of a lively shade ol silk ou white satin, producinga very rich oiled. Satin Is, par excellence , the mate rial for full toilet, either for ceremonial visits or evening dress. Striped velvets arc much In lavor. Amber Is a very favorite color for full dres.-; but of course It cau not be worn by ladles ofa fair complexion. For walking costume black is still the favorite, though many toilets of green or blue cloth, or of vio let or brown English velvet, are seen. Al though the short dress is still worn for morn ing promenade, it is principally confined to quite young girls, and Is scarcely admissible fur visiting dress. A very few have been seen for fall dress, but we may say the trained skirt Is almost Indispensable. The make of dresses tends more and more to the empire sty.e. the bodies being so short that the skirt Is close up to the arm. The bonnets worn for visiting dress have not altered In shape since the commence ment o| the year, the artistic arrangements of the trimmings forming the principal charm. Take, for example, seme of the new est models: A bonnet of light green velvet, rounded In front; flat ctown and small curtain, the whole embroidered with beads, and trimmed with leather fringe. The inside is ornament ed with a luagn-.lla in white velvet, with gold centre. Over the curtain wide guides of green satin worked with beads. Another, of blue satin, embroidered in small pearl and crystal beads, trimmed with a unath of small roses; strings of moire. A white satin bonnet, the same shape, was trimmed with an aigrette of feathers and small wreath of tinted leaves ana Jet orna ments. Strings of white moires, with others of lace worked with beads fallingoverthem. Tbe new model known as the “Anne, of Bretagne,” is rather poluted In front, and back at the sides, rather In the “Mary Stuart ” style. It is made of velvet or satin In light shades. The crown is flat, and the Iront louillouee, trimmed with a wreath ot leathers, aud at the side a small bouquet of feathers or velvet flowers. Very wldcstriogs, to match the bonnet. An empire bonnet of bine velvet; the crown ana Iront in plaits, fastened by a nar row passementerie of white silk and bead- 1 . Thu edge is trlumed with a fringe of white leathers and lace. Blue satin slilngs- A Gracioaa, with a flat crown ol ponceau velvet, and narrow, straight curtain, em broidered with heads, with a fringe of tbe same nil around. The Iront is trimmed with a poutf of black marabouts spotted with jet. St 1 legs ol ponceau velvet and lace. Another of Bbmark velvet, was trimmed with a wreath ol ivy and ornaments of jet. Slrli gs of moire the same color as the velvet, lined with white moire. A very pretty Mary Stuart bonnet was made of white satin worked with Ir-ads, and Dimmed with a white feather, the end of which fell over the point in front. Strings of white satin, and boqutt of scarlet gera nium at tbe side. Black velvet bonnets arc almost universally worn for morning dress, with black strings, and very little trimming. The same style is also worn for visiting ; but those for visits of ceremony should be of colored velvet *-r sat in, trimmed with beads and leathers or flowers. [Paris CorrespordfTice (February l) of the New York Herald.] The event of the week is the second recep tion at the Tuileries. Three thousand Invi tations were given ont, and the three thou sand attended, In the richest toilets. Alltbc gentlemen wore tight silk stockings, ending in a buckled shoe. Tbclr leggings, or cu* hues, are made of white cloth, and' the tolls ai d collars ol their coats worked with gold. The shade of the ccat is blue. The enumeration of tbe ladies’ dresses would be but a repetition of the fashions I have described since the aliening of the sea son. The great feature was satin, which is made a jourreau , with the most extravagant lengths of train. A little oval front piece, under the waistband, not larger than the width of two bands, and which I should call an apron If it wore large enough, is the great novelty. No one knows what it is meant fur, nor Its oiigin ; no one says it Is pretty, bat all call It chic , and that Is supposed to mean something enviable in onr degenerate idiom. There were oceans of snowy white orgaadics worked with floss silk and gold; plenty of plain tubes covered with white ruche and vaporous underskirts, entirely without any other trimming beyond pearl bead laco. All wre itai !u iront, aid there were velvet and satin bodies with basques cut in one. very low, either round or square. The low chemi sette is pleated and edged with an insertion and valcncicnncs. As 1 have frequently said sleeves arc mere bunds—a puff or anything that will trim round an arm bole. A pretty dress I did ad mire, because it contracted with the gorge ous ulitter around rue. It was made of tar latan, cut in three flat rklrts wblcii were own in the waist like flounces of the old school. Ibe bottom of each was scolloped round wide und 'fried with pink tarlatan, which pave the dressarosy appearance. The back of the skirt was ornamented «>nlv with a long sash which widencu gradually till it became a train at the bottom. Both Uounces and sash were bordered with slightly twisted oink and « bite. The sleeves were ala juice like wings. Tbo headdress was a cordon of apple blos soms. The Empress wore a yclsTw satin "robe, trimmed with bouillons of tulle, underwbich si one for'h dlamords In (lowers. She bad a diadem of the same in her hair. The Imperial family entmd the Salle dcs Marecbuux at 0 o'clock, and advanced straight to the throne chairs, between rows ol standing and court esy ing guests. To the right of the Emnrcss there sal Prince Napoleon, to the left of the Emperor Princess Mathilda. The ladles of the palace, ambassadors, Ac., took scats round their Majtstics, all according to rank mid station. At 12 they rose and walked through the different reception rooms, alter which they entered the galcrle de Diane and supped. Alter supper they retired, but the ball was k*jpt up till three in the morning. Emeralds are the favorite jewels this season; green silk is also in groat demand. The great idea Is to wear a large quantity of bead and jn embroidery round waistbands on af ternoon dresses, some end in verv long glass bead fringe. Blackpoultdesolewaitslmds with sqnarc basquincs, Vandykes and folly points are fanciful trimmings. Never was foulard so much sought after as It is now, acd no fashion can be more wel come. It Is as pretty as satin and not half so expensive; it is made in the loveliest shades of w hich tbe following arc the pret tiest at night: Primrose, wallflower, Parma violet, loselcafand pea-green. ‘Whencleancd they look like new, when creased they arc ironed, when stained they con be washed. Feathers and feather hands are and will he fashionable for some time to come. Striped silks are trimmed with plaited ribbon, m iablier, and round the bottom ; crape plaits are much worn round bonnets aou left to hang entwined with flowers. 1 cannot ad mire them. Our spring bonnets will either be very flat or all “Bolivar” shape—high up in the air. like coal scuttles, and flat behind. The prettiest hat will be Ceres, a kind of Watteau, trimmed with bunches of brown berries m a garland, of frosted leaves, tied on with maize or straw colored strings. Bonnet strings will be narrow. (From the Loudon Qncen.l Toilettes made expressly for afternoon driving or visiting are ent mredirgote, A pearl grey poplin tedirujoif, trimmed up the reams of the skirt with narrow cross-cut hands of white satin, is the fashionable after neon outdoor toilette fer a youthful married woman, loice Is scale worn on afternoon dreeces Intended for weddings, visits, and ether ceremonious occasions, and it is usually arranged above tbe pleating which borders the skirt. Bv*quines titling the fig ure and trimmed with far are again very popnlar; tbev are so much more graceful and becoming than the short loose paletot, therefore their reintroductlon Is easily un derstood- Black velvet yalmas bordered with fur are likewise made; they are lined with satin of some bright color, such as ce rise or violet. The prettiest form of short dresses is the skirt straight icand the edge and cat ap at the sides; this stvle harmonises best with the short straight paletot, likewise cot upat the sides. A most becoming toilette of this kind is arranged as follows: A plain oacirat silk petticoat; the skirt is nacarat velvet bordered with astraeban; a small paletot to match, likewise trimmed with astraeban; a telvet bonnet bordered with well curled black feathers, a small white rose ouUido and nnotbet at the topof<be strings. Self-colored English velvet or velveteen was very much worn at the commencement of the same season; hut for the sake of vart el j, velvet striped with satin has been intro* duccd. It Is a veiy pretty material, and is usually trimmed either with tassels or jet f/rtfo/s. It is made in velvet of several colors, but the satin stripe* ate generally black; the petticoats arc either made of the same ma terial or of striped silk. Cashmere petti coats, with a pleating round the edges, arc now considered only snitable for nrgli/fe, and tbej have been succeeded by petticoats, still made of cashmere, but with a straight hem and a border of rich silk embroidery above the hem. Byron’s Wald of Athens. The admirers of Byron will remember tbe Maid of Athens, whose charms be celebrated In song. In the “Penclilincs by the Way,’’ over thirty years ago, N. P. Willis described a visit to her. Dr. Felton, who first went to Greece in 1853, thus describes as he met her; *Tn speaking of Athens, perhaps I ongnt not to omit the Maid of AfAena, immortal ized by Byron—now Mrs. Black, of the Peiraus. The maiden name of the iady was Theresa Maria. She was one of three sisters, all of whom were famous beauties their day. One of them is the wife of Mr. Pit takvs, the well-knownSuwriotendent of Antiquities at Athens. The third, I believe, Is not living. Lord Byron’s lines were written In ISlo—forty-four years ago; and forty-four rears make a considerable In the appear ance'both of man and woman; so that the language of the noble poet cannot be expected to apply* in all respects, at the present day. it is a common thing for travellers in Greece to call on Mrs. Black, with no other introduction than Zoe mou mu ogopo. Not thinking this accidental cele brity any ground lor so impertinet a proceed ing, It was a long time before I bad the pleasure of meeting this ladv, as she lives in tbe Pelixns, and now seldom makes her appearance in Athens. But 1 was invited one enning to lake Im ®J; U, ‘)"' m c d * fritud j" J j*«» ft- nJ| on atrivii-p <i * u, tia>!.A. #, i, »ob Black were tij.tctij 4 " , e f «imj i;“u» xlifj Boon came la—Mr “Mbir ...JJ#- and tlieirduui>lii(.r av....*,, 11 ? 1 Mr*. ?.'!?« cTt»u,ti ; a M 1 ta'|- t a c °r, ?'*s'i t ,, i . l 'a tU- a I,ale euniiti; , n , ' i ‘ l > "i n d 01 MU ' n > a “i> tv ol Athens—a i,r,» l i_ tn i. ” tion, aa it seemed "a p " Wanly uf a, “c. a.;,' •jjl nidtrc btfluly of ih. “ “«■: olllcr - t'cilamly Sirs, b ar E M ibfl thelocelineis which hu„r j l ”*' Byron ; and il .U o': 1 brautyeftbe danchter la . . n ?-tin- t ,l most ratls actory dcm.ns'lA l calat.i io the mother Lc " -v| Black la an i-acellea b.uicK'f «M.,1 beiuc one of Ue best In ' hsrt v.J there is one tlilne la v hich Vi? rest ol her sei,lt is the m S “im-saihi The first time I the home ofa Blend. I coald n,,? ~llr« »d exclamation of flarrri<e u» ~ V- J r-:n ij2 Onvor. -Those o.l™;^Lil™ <W-vJjl tamer, ‘were picked by thi J;, °T eater- Maid of Athens.’ a day Sfftf received ajar of the fruit ttom L Athens, which I keep as a trod 'J* e Ml ‘ J of al, with a tragmeat ‘of theTmto?’ 111 "- cane cut from the olive grove of p2:J a The “German” mtu «!,« 9 [Washington Conestvocoence ol th. v.„ ■ leader. ■ ‘ e * V^S At the “German” given Lv m- _ I Chase—let me beg pardon. In* jl/I ?* t 'l Senator Snragne, ofß.»*. t sht J! f t s| young ladies who mi ended to \, w h . ! se | m»n” were Invited to entue with tw powdered after the la«W.,u c ‘-l and lorbelowed great gramli n , I f,. f . "?- J l ellect was pretty, and tbt-fashion u,..’* Mrs. Sprague la rapidly gpn-a*iin. • 1 r l what would be the reeling of auv 1 * anc lady who did go with powder. annonneing herself a candidate torn," • man,” yet found no bearded and bitarvrS “waUzable” In the room with auilinca- 1. • to ssk her for his partner! On? un\ iw to young ladies must be in stichacv*- »T very sureol bavmga cavalierdcvuttdtVi glove and breast ribbon, before ailuvii;-. \".f. hair to be powdered, when these Teutonic dancing nights. All ~»*!. dances bnt the “German” arc rcpiji out of date here—insomuch that a-.\ < ioiied set of quadrilles, or such mum! as the polka, schottlacbe, or vur.- >Tir--. would excite as mnch curiosity meet as >hc evolu.ious ofa dozen 31 or ancient Sanrians, suddenly emerg the red tanoatooe of the primary f.i and commencing to pirouette in atfc awkwardness to a fiddle played bv Noah, of the g* od *hip “Ark.” The n-j dtnx temps; ard gallope. arc not s. antiqoananizcd and ostracised: tun ,?• they are not considered much mur<- iu-k! - tl an would be the Dodo, Kliiunceros, In a modern treatise ca mal creation—things yet living and t v -, seen, it is true ; but cblefiy valual. c a- > • ceding links between the aotcdUuvhn w of the quadrille and the nineteenth with its “German.” Crimping. An indignant masculine letter-writer *s records hb protest epuooi thy fashion* 1 , style of torturing thenair: “I refer to ”^l cdrctis and destructive practice of cn'ir.-..fS the hair with hot Irons— 3 vice cornui..!. -ET nearly all, but particularly ouirageou- -hr-l those wbo have any shade of hair bj flattery be imagined “golden.** Pcrhaiif 5 they have all heto reading Miss 1U !.;iN-n3 Braddon’s novels, ond see ; to rival in ryitrtSS nal appearance that class of lair-haired heriJK lues (usually somewhat prone to mur.br adultery), whe are Invariably dm-riM Miss B. a» laving “locksthat form an :--v ot golden glory” gushing in wbd p otV.avl s around their criminal, but highly lovelr*. talented beads. At any rate, X navy v*y more than a score of young girl? aacfcW young manled women In halt as umi hours, whose lair was frizzled a c ; Sr crimped to an extent making w precisely resemble those sclertific eirettki dolls with nair of flax, whose ye'l.iw ;i -< frizzy wig? can be made to standout in trfP directions at right angles to the roots bv sg. ply turning the wheel or otherwise charge the electric battery. It max be verv pn'iT* doubtless, for those who admire that p.rt-'c! '<*& ular style of artificial ehtgnon . or whatever L- j-§S the French for hair-drcsuing ; but the maai-. '-If his senses who would contemplate am-nig; one of the crimped and frizzled beamivs 2a the husband who permits such destructive S& adornments to his young wife, shouuTiUst ic- <*2> quite the price of female wigs of the ta; : quality (lor they will short.y b- lvcucJ,- acd likewise picture (in his mind's eve, IK ratio), how a bald-headed young w’if,* w* look in her lace nightcap—if she' ca-i ttuk* up her mlcd to that abomination of the n<- *7 turnal toilette; orhmv a shining bald head Stl surmounting a pretty girl : sh face, will h,i jsj beside him on the pillow ?’* Beef Tea Instead of Ice* and rtma- ££? pagne. jpg (Washington Corrcspon ier.c * of the New Wk l*Ec _ CUlzen.l s®r The only sensible 1 ovelty of fashion tin; tw? strikes the visitor to Washington, b the n-* custom of handing round bn f tea ia little cups to all over-wearied aud over-heated dancers of tbe interminable “German"— -as which, by the way, b here a much m.sre : elaborate dance than I have seen U ,-Uc where, with an amount of gilded seeptxvs, » strings of parti-eulured ribbons, flags pa-x- v £'.‘ ing fiom bund to band, and rules tor select- ► ing partners by similarity of colored badge* f —such as invariably proves bewildering rcS “all people from Pike Connly” and there- f ”S mnioder ot our outside hcathtn. The l-trf |i3 tea, however, is good, and might be certrdnl I ny pr. tvm. W. Sanger, of Broadway, as “cd- •« miinstcred on soundly hygienic principles." '3 It recuperates the energies, s*v(*lies the * carbon necessary to meet th'- unusual lid- drafts of such protracted'exercise; and is certuh'ly less biiTiul to tbe system lean / champognc—which might daiigeniiislr in- if;, flume the pubes beyond control of Motbroe »,* Prudence; or th; sc pernicious tciv which are of nochcmlcal value to the jim-c.-ein plujcd Ju sustaining life, while raiodlj gi; destructive to the enamel of the tecl—as un tnuy be tested by suddenly dronping an; warm piece of enameled porcelain hit-* % baMnot freezing waver. Toe b->t pori"*blo rt*' will suddenly cuntiact. Its emiuiel chipur g off as it dors so; and the same pr«ce.-s will r takc place with the human teeth wheu cat- ■ • ing ices. I A Black Snake in a s;ovi*. The following singular but truthful state- . merit we copy from the Hanover (i’u.j >}*r taior - “A gentleman residing in our town some • few weeks ago purchased a lot of old. cm d» mned sleepers from lt>e railroad company,' for the purpose of usiug them as flr«-wi>-il. They were accordingly conveyed to nis n*». idcncc and sawed in suitable length.- lor the I stove, and were used for fuel. a»»d:iss-u h \ gave great satisfaction, until one evening the I ;■* good wife placed one of the nieces in the stove, when a vtry slrarge and remarkable -s --occurrence happened. Shortly after placing ; > ’be wood in the stove, her attention was at traded by a singular noise In tlie ruuin. not '■ unlike the crying of a chlldor the morningvf ** a person in distress. and opoo searching fur [•] thecaosc of it,* asctrtaiucd Uiai the noise > proceeded from the stove, and becoming * somewhat alarmed called In her husband and and acquainted him of the matter. The gentleman at once advanced to the stove, and upon opening the door a strange and fearful sight met his astonished gaze. ‘ Kb-tiL in the very midst of the blazing flames wasa large black snake, writhing In agouv. and uttering the piteous noise which had at tracted the attention of the ladv. The snake slowly crawled out of the stove and droppeo on the floor, a veritable *ilerv ser pent,' and in a few seconds expired-’ The snake had, doubtless, entered a hollow cav ity In the sleeper in the fill, and relapsing Into a torpid slat**, was only aroused when encompassed by the flames.” A lioldf-n calf. (New York Correspondence of the Clncicnari Commercial.] Some time ago, a startling story was told by a sensation hebdomadal in this city, rela tive to what is termed “ a golden calf.” The calfin question was none other than a fool ish young man who had allowed himself to rno to seed bv keeping company with John Morrissey ana other gentry of that Itk. lu this society he had parted with bis entire fortune of half a million of dollars. In his “hard-up” momenta he resolved upon beriming tbe world anew. To this end he enlisted as a landsman in tbe United States Nary, aud Is now on board Che steam ship Vermont. Since bis enlistment an aant has communicated to him the fact that he has become the possessor of propertv. In oil lands, Ac., to the value of £400,000- He wears on board ship a diamond cluster breast pin. said to be worth £IO,OOO, and Is permit ted to wcarmorocco boots, and to enjoy lux uries which other embryo salts do not, as £tr as the regulations of the navy allow him- The question with him now, I understand Is, how he may be released from his present po sition ? lam told that this rich sailor has been sect on board the Vermont by persons who were visiting, within a week. I bare merely to add that Mr. Golden Calf will best subserve bis own Integrity If he will give a very wide berth to the contractors, and If be gets released from the Vermont bis safest mode of exit will he by a licensed jnnk-boat, rfa the East River; going through tbe yard his diamond cluster pin might evaporate. Tbe Dimpled Cbln. Z kised the baby on its chin, (Jose when the nurse-maid turnedswav) Kissed 'be dimple, soft acd sweet— Like hers who should have been nyUn I did not kiss its bright black ejes, Tbej bsd Its fathers foreign stare; 1 did not touch i be ruddy cheek, Kor stroke thv dark and cat ling hair. The mother’a face I scarcely ser. For 1 torn away my bt-aa in pain From those soft eyes ana enuoy looks. Sending my sad thoughts back agate To hours when 1 believed her true. Promising lore forevermore; And starlight saw me vet tbe seal On a dimpled chin by the cottage door. Sometimes her carriage (bonders by; From its careless splasu I shrink aside. And set my tee'h together harsh. Seeing tte rich man at her side. I sec it now—these toil-worn Haqflg Were neverflt to clasp her own; Ilea ten knows 1 loved her well enoosh To give her. If Z could, a throne. Z thought 1 did the boy no wrong lint ob! tbe bitter pang it gave * W ben fierce bis harm in raised. Struck at me as 1 were a stave^ May’s child I Zwoa.d bate loved It so For her. aud days that might have been 31 ji' rt3et ror meia’rj’a aaxe. And lor the dimple in its chic. I take to-night nr hitter-beart Away beyond the troubled -ea. * B r 4 ,0!! v J* B*** 8 *** may bring, pcrchancg. •Through its rarest new peace to mm Eaoj.cooi-bj,! Ibciu-nSro<S-T Tbongh worldly wealth Z go toWn, > o gold can hny too kiss away 1 stole fiom off that dimpled chin. Gxzsat FAiLOP ilKionms.—Zt is reported that a remarakable Jail of meteoric rocks and stones, from a perfectly sereno sky, took place at Kniahyma, Hungary, between four and lire o’clock p. m, on iba J).hof June, ISC6. With a detona tion like that of a Hundred cannon, a gray clond like body passed in view, eeccslng enveloped In smoke, hot t.oc luminous; and within two or three mmutes a noise like the rattling fen of a. mnltintde or stones was beard, continuing (fra echoes doubtless included) ten or fifteen min utes. About sixty of the smaller stones were picked up quite bor. Tbe larvesi, weighing 530 pounds,« as broken In two by tbe shock, and bur ied itiHf eleven feet lr the earth. Eye witnesses twelve miles to the west of the plan (between the phenomenon and the son) describe the me teor as ot a inralnoos yellow and orange, ml lowed by a train of a blue fiat.