Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, February 26, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated February 26, 1867 Page 2
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DAILY, TRIWEEKLY AND WEEKLY. OF V ICE. Koi ai CLABK-HT, TMM are tfcree cameras ot me Teibuxb tuned, lit. rsry morning, tor circuUtmu ay earner*. »*w»nco and tbe moll*. *O. Tb* tki-Wkxk*. wea c ester* »0d Filters, for tie xr*ns owr; asa tn« Txislt, oa Thnrsteya. ft* tbe malls and sale at our Oocster asdbr newsiaea. Term. «rOie Chlamn Tribiuie: mir amtrroi In tut Jg Dnilr. to mall scMcrlbcrs (per ajmam, para- _ adrsDCC). 1*4.00 Trt-Wecilj - .(per annum. parable la advance) 0.00 WeOtir.(petannum,oaiabie laadrinoei..... *4.00 gr Fractional parts ot rear at tbe same rates, gy Pences mn'Wm* sna oreena* ovc or more copies of either the Tri-Weekly or Weekly edition*, may retain ten per coal af Iht subscription price as a Conusiasios. Heme* to Scbscwb***.—in orflenn? toe addre** ti your papers chanced, to -irereai delay, t* sure sad specitr wbat coition you take— ~cckly, Tri-Weekly. orDaUy. Alan, ylreyoptfimaKxTaadfntnreaddfra.* OT Money, by Draft, KrpreM. Mosey order*, orla BeyleterßdLetien,m&rbewntstoQrrlsk. Address. TRIBUNE CO- Chlcftao. 11l TUESDAY. FEBRUARY 26.1567. XflE BRITISH OFFER. In the speech of Queen Victoria upon .the opening of Parliament there was special ref- crcncc made to a matter, in the settlement of which our people have a deep Interest. This Is the proposition for the adjustment of the Alabama claims. The rather ambiguous language of the speech from the throne, is to the effect that the British Government has formally proposed to Mr. Johnson to submit the question of the Alabama claims and the other issues between tbe two countries to the decision of some friendly Power. In the de- cision of International dUlicuUies there arc three modes of reaching a conclusion : first, by negotiation; second, by arbitration, and, last, by ■war. The first proceeding has been exhausted. The British Ministry In power at the close of the war refused to recognise the justice of our claims, and broke oil' negotiation by curtly declaring that Great Britain would not sub- znit to hare the decision of her courts aud law officers upon the fidelity of her execu- tion of her own laws questioned or disputed. There the matter has rested for more than a year. In the meantime the Russell Adminis tration has gone out of power, aud the Tories arc in olllcc. They have, It seems, revived the negotiation by proposing arbitration. This is a square back down Pomtbe position taken by Earl Russell, because an arbitration includes a reference to a third party, who necessarily will have authority to investigate the whole conduct of Great Britain, the ou“- ticivney of her laws, and the fidelity of their cstcutlon. This movcmuut is the more significant because in the speeches upon the Address to the Queen in response to her speech, ‘ Earl Russell and his colleagues took occasion to assure the Government that they would not object to the change oi policy, but would give it a candid and earnest support. We miy, there fore, assume that the proposition for au arbi tration has the general assent of both jiarties in England, and that it will be pressed upon this Government with great unanimity. How that proposition will he received by Mr. Johnson aud Mr. Seward will be made known In due time. There Is much that may be said against the acceptance of a proposition so tardily made ; bulls there any just reason why it should not be accepted ? Do the United Slates propose to go war to enforce these claims? No onq.favors that policy If it can be honorably averted To reject this proposition is simply to leave things as they are—undetermined and unsettled. That there arc points of interna tional comity and violation of international rights involved In this controversy, the world should understand, and in the' authoritative decision of which the world Las an interest, is beyond all doubt. Lcav lug things as they are will settle nothing either in point of law or in point of fact. We are a maritime power of the first class. Will not a decision as to the rights of bellig erents, and the obligations and responsibili ties of neutrals, be ol mure value to us now and hereafter than ten times the amount of money in controversy ? It the loose neutral Sty observed by Great Britain during our late war is to be the law of nations, bad we not better know it, and be prepared to meet it when the evil hour comes I 1 If neutrals arc under no obligations of neutrality to bellig erents, is it not time that tUc code of inter* national warfare should give io belligerents the right to punish neutral warfare &s piracy ? We do not know but that the United Stales arc of necessity at a disadvantage iu all matters of arbitration. • There is no other Government on this Con tinent to which a reference could be made, except Brazil, and that Empire has hardly the dignity and consequence essential to the authoritative declaration of a revised and enlarged edition of toe laws of nations. In Europe, Prussia ami Russia are the only Pow ers to which, with any hope of justice, we might appeal. Prussia has made great pro* gress in free ideas and lice Institutions; her Minister of Slate is one of those men pecu liarly fitted to draw obliterative Hues over dead technicalities, and declare truth and justice m clear and unmistakable language. But Prussia, in her present and her future royalty, is one of those Powers to which the Queen of England last year re ferred as connected with her ** by the dearest terms of relationship and friendship,’’and the United States, In all probability, would be os well off in referring their case to' the law officers ol the British crown, as to the Gov ernment which. In its future royalty. Is to be jartand parcel of the British stock. We do not know that we have anything to 10.->c on the (core of friendship and consanguinity, in referring this matter to Russia. In all past time Russia has always bad a friendly greeting and a friendly word for the American people ar.d the American cause. There, among the Great Powers, if anywhere, the United States would have an impartial bearing, and we see no reason to question an impartial decision. Cut there is another Government which, though lacking iu power and territorial grandeur. Is, nevertheless, the very umpire where truth could best obtain a hearing, and whose decisions, like that of an independ ent Judiciary, would be free from the bias of friendship or of fear. That Is Switzerland, which is recognized as the seat of learning, and from whose tribunals may reasonably be expected a decision, in the integrity of which the little Republic would feel more pride than in the friendship of all the world. Switzerland is recognized from the purity of her councils, and the erudition of her law yers, a standard authority Iu international law, and the world will respect and accept her decision even more readily than they would that of a nation more powerful, but mOre liable to be influenced by present or, prospective interest. Unless, therefore, there be causes unknown to tbc general public, we do not see why the United states fihould not accept the extraordinary con* cession made by Great Britain, and have the national demand male against England tried and -determined, definitely and authoritatively. I*ll7. CONFESSION. Hon. Justin S. Morrill prefaced the intro duction into the House of Representatives of the revised Internal Revenue Bill with a speech explaining its provisions, and apol ogizing for the email reductions of taxation which It made. In the course o: his remarks he said: “ If vhcrc arc any gentlemen wlwv disbelieve the recitals concerning Idle faciurics, forges, lamaces and leuudrios and who Unit wo are still on tbc lop wave of prosperity, and so may be willing to venture a deeper ait into oar revenues, I In vlit them lo look at the com arolive returns of some of our principal rallroids, to the present suite of our navigation iutcrceta, to the decline of the commerce 01 our canal.', to onr diminished export trade in cattle, borsca, hoga, beef, butter, cction and manufacture* of coUua, bur, enpuer and braes, together with nutucions other articles. Shit isan expotiiion of which 1 have the details, bni which 1 shall nol, urltas compelled to do so, place upon the iecoid.<.” Let the reader ponder this confession well. It comes Irum the Chaliman of the chief committee of Congress. It is made by the author ol the present high tariff. It Is ut tered by the member who catricd through the House the Currency Contraction Bill of April 12,1SCG. Last July he succeeded in having enacted a bill adding an average of seven to eight per cent to a tariff which al ready averaged 18-* per ccul. The country has enjoyed the benefits of ten months of cur rency contraction, al the rate of $4,033,030 per month, and of a fifly-s'x per cent tariff for seven months. And the chief progeni tor now stands up In Lis place, on the floor of the House of Representatives, and avows to the country, witu admirable candor, the practical woiklng of those two measures. Wo thank Mr. Morrill for his frank and manly confession of the disastrous effects of his contraction and high tariff policies. But we are bewildered and*amazed at themeas •arcs of relief which he proposes. Uc asks Congress to tighten the contraction screws still harder, and to pile on impost taxation still-hlghcr! “If there be any gentlemen,” he exclaims, “who disbelieve the recitals “concerning idle factories, furnaces and •»foundries, and so may be willing to venture “ a deeper cut into the revenues, I “ invite them to look at the com- “punitive returns of our railroads, «to the present slate of navigation “ interests, to the decline In the commerce of “ onr canals, to our diminished export trade “ In cattle, horses, hogs, beef, butter, tobac “ co, hemp, and cotton, and the manufac -41 tnres of cotton, woollen. Iron, copper, and ** braes, together with numerous other artl -44 clcs. This is' an exposition of which I 41 have the details, but which I shall not, 41 unless compelled to do so, place upon the “ record.” Xf onr country Is being reduced to this sad condition of things under a fifty-six per cent high “protective” tariff, and four millions a month of currency contraction, will Mor rill or Wentworth. Greeley or Spragao please explain to the comprehension of the people how it is that morb rapid contraction and still higher tariff taxation will lead to restore .prosperity, to. languishing. Industry, set the idle factories and furnaces at work, cheapen the cost of living, add to the comforts of the laboring masses, and renew the flow of revenue into the National coffers ? Mr. Morrill offers his countrymen somo.crritn consolation by comparing their- condition with that of the people of Great Britain. He assures ns on bis word of honor as a gen tleman and a legislator that his high tariff policies have not inflicted, as much In jury on this country as they might, nor is our condition “ equal lo ‘what bas been the [experience of ‘Great Britain for the past year, where 'cholera, cattle plague, cotton /amine, bad har vests and a commercial crisis have all sac* ‘ ccsslvcly culminated; where the bank rate 1 interest was for three months kept at the maximum point of ten per cent, ; and 1 where thousands of workmen arc now only kept from starvation by daily charities ' from toe Queen, as well as from those who 'are hard pushed even to pay their poor ‘rates.” So it seems that bad as excessive and choking contraction arc, they are not equal in injury nod evil to “ cholera, cattle plague, “cotton famine, bad’-harvests and acorn- “ mercial crisis” combined. But Morrill & Co. propose to put on enough additional tariff and contraction to render oar National condition “ equal to*the experience of Great “ Britain.** They think that the United States have no right to get off any easier than the mother country, hence they desire to give the screws another turn, which ‘they calls “promoting solvency” and “protect ing industry.” B«crONSTRCCTION IN MISSISSIPPI. Wc arc enabled to state, on the authority of the Vicksburg Herald, that there is a very simple and easy way in which a Northern man may secure the safety of his person and property in the State of Mississippi. Tef ac complish this It Is only necessary to agree with the Herald in politics. It is in favor of “the kindly treatment” of all each. Bat for those who differ from the Herald, those whom It terms “unscrupulous, malignant libellers of the South, the professional agita tors and inciters of negro insurrections,*’ — meaning' those who believe In equal rights and negro suffrage—it advocates “very different treatment.” “ Such a man,” it say, “ should, wc think, be treat “cd as unceremoniously as the fron “ tiersman docs a* wolf, a rattlesnake, or “an Indian marauder. The welfare of the “ Southern people, ax well an that of the honest, “ trdl-mcaniug northern men in our midst, “ alike demand the hanging of these a'.rocions miscreants, with at much expedition as their “ effectual strangulation will admit' 1 The Herald's condition Is precisely like that of the insane man in the Chicago court, whose ease wc had occasion to allude to re cently—the man who sought to be released from tbe legal restraints and disabilities of an insane man. He brought two doctors and several others who swore positively that he was sane; bat the subject of money having been introduced by tbe Judge, the petitioner straightway exhibited most unmistakable symptoms of insanity, which Increas ed upon him until he became a raving maniac in tbe presence cf the very tribunal to which he had appeal ed. So the Mississippi paper starts out with a itout denial that Northern men arc unsafe in that State; bat before it gets through it happens to strike on the theme of its mad m-ss, abolitionism, and goes into a lit ol fn nzy in which it not only completely con tradicts tbe assertions with which it starts out, but exhibits a most blood-thirsty and diabolical spirit of hatred, persecution and murder against Northern men who presume to go South and carry abolition sentiments with them. It would be difficult to find more conclusive evidence of the insecurity of loyal Northern men in Mississippi, than is con tained in the above extract from the Vicks burg Herald. Wc givethceditorof the Vicksburg Herald and all like him due notice, that the war against rebellion will go on until an aboli tionist, an advocate of universal suffrage, or of any other political views hateful to tbe rebels, shall he just as safe in Mississippi and just as free to utter his sentiments at any time and in ail places there, as a rebel now is. The law passed by Congress, which the Picsident can at moat only postpone for a few days, we hope, result In the estab lishment of a Government that will close the mouths of such blatant traitors and instiga tors of murder as the fellow who wrote the article In the Herald. Yet even such as he have served a useful purpose. Their menaces of violence, their encouragement of assassi nation, have helped to open the eyes of the country to the bloody and barbarous spirit that still animates the rebels, and to show the necessity of interference for the projec tion of the Union men, and the establish ment of tree and loyal Governments in the South. THE STATE HOUSE SWINDLE. Governor Oglesby has succumbed to the Springfield lobby pressure and signed the State House Bill, taking three to sis millions of dollars out of the pockets of the tax payers. His best friends throughout the State will regret that he found himself una ble to resist the local Influence brought to bear upon him. He has lost a grand oppor tunity to vindicate the Interests of the peo ple, and to add to his own Influence with them. The Protest of the twenty-five opposing members of thcHonsc so thoroughlyrUdicd tbc bill, and demonstrated its unconstitu* tlonality that no doubt will remain in the minds of the people as to the necessity that existed for the exercise of the Executive negative. The hill is rotten in every respect. The sum appropriated Is unnecessarily great —it is perlcctly extravagant, and exhibits a shameful recklessness ou the part of those who voted for it, in throwing away the money of their constituents. Even if it be built for three millions, tbc amount is one half greater than there was any possible ne cessity for; but before it is completed, six bullions will be squandered, sunk and stolen. Waste, extravagance and peculation will mark every step in its construction from the moment the first spadeful of earth for the foundation Is removed until tbc last gilding is done on Us halls. Tbc three millions will swallowed up before the roof covers Us walls. The tax payers of Cook County will be compelled to contribute one million of dol lars as their quota of the total expenditure. We place this prediction on record, entirely confident of Us verification by the experience of the future. The only votes against the scheme were cast by Republican members. It was the solid vote of the Copperheads that carried the bill through the Legislature. The cause of this singular unanimity is explained It, the Protest of the twenty-five Republican members of the House, as follows: “We lurthcr dissent for tin? reason lhatthe bill legislate* Into office at lesrl tnree men be* Icoplnglolbat party which the people Lave re* c iitly declare.!, hj a majority vote of fitty-seveu thousand, shall not hold the oOlcea ol the State. A fourth member of the Commission occupies, a? we understand, a political eta’ut of such ques tionable chavccier at to render it extremely vnc;r fa n at to tcherher the entire control or the-huV.d \u<j of the ntw Slate Sous', and the immeatt financial infertile connected therncith. may not pass in'o the hands and under the control of the polvteal party which the people hate said shall not be 'rusted trhh the control of pvhhc ajfairs. Wo protest against It, because it presents the bn* millaang spectacle «l a JtepubUcan liCcUlature, having overwhelming Itcpub.ican majorities in brth Houses, voluntarily abandoning to the con* trolof the Pi mocrallc parly the financial power and patronage of the State, fbc people have en trusted the > ffaira of the State, ana especially Its franclal affairs. to the Republican members of the Legislature, and we have no right to abandon tl.orc aSairs, or any portion of them, to the con trol of opr political enemies. We do, therefore, solemnly protest against the action of the House in pasting said bill/* NORTUtVEST.” The New York Tribune has undertaken to dragoon Congress into doubling the present excessive tariff, and precipitating specie re sumption. It finds a more stubborn resist ancc in tbc Western members to its scheme of villainy and folly than was anticipated. Thereupon It tarns round and utters libels against this section of the Union. Here is a specimen of its venom, taken from an article denouncing'thc bill for the redemption of componnd interest notes with legal tenders: “li the policy of Indefinite extension for which the inrolrent Xorthieest clamors, is to be pursued steadily In Congress, we sec no nabrn why this most volatile ol metals (gold) may not again reach the highest point ll touched during the war.” “Insolvent Northwest!” It is very true that during the war the Northwest did not make as much money out of shoddy con tracts and wholesale swindling of the Gov ernment as tbc more honest and solvent city of New York. During those event ful years the men of the West were engaged in lighting traitors, winning battles, reclaiming seceded territory, and in raising supplies for the support oftho anny and paying taxes to carry on the war, They were so deeply engrossed in the pursuits of pursuing rebels, capturing pris oners, storming forts, and filling the places of elalu soldiers with fresh volunteers, that they really bad not time to become “solvent” by cheating the Government and dcvlslcgtax laws to rob the other scc- lions of the Union. Hence they arc not as well prepared for sodden contraction, hard times and enormous tariffs as those people in the East,»wbo made it their business dnr- ing the war to become the creditor class of the Union. We are not quite “insolvent” In the Northwest, and don’t expect to bo, no* less called on to pay 150 cents on the dollar of received consideration, and to pay double the present prices for tbc goods wc consume. The measures advocated by the New York Trihunty If enacted into laws by Congress, will place it in the power of the capitalists of New York and New England to pillage and plunder the other sections of the Union almost at discretion, and It is exactly this base and selfish purpose which lies at the bottom of the currency contraction and class legislative schemes of the Washington lobby, and the New York Tribune is their willing advocate and tool. Paying for all that we buy fifty-sir per cent more than the articles arc worth, with out any addition to the prices of what we sell, and suffering constantly from the effects ol a high tariff on oar foreign markets, is it any wonder the S*f Northwest finds itself poor at the end ofsix years,. and little dis posed to have the remainder oi its substance squeezed out by a contraction oftbo currency? A WORD TO TUEWOOtGIIOWEfIS. Some of the wool groweradn this State and Wisconsin arc very liberal in their doonncla tioos of Free Trade, by which term, they designate any and all opposition to a seven ty per cent. tariff. We have before us the proceedings of the third annual meeting of the Illinois Wool Grower's Assoc! itioa, held In this city on the 20th day of September last, in which the Wisconsin wool g-owera were represented by our esteemed friend, Mr. W. Q. Roberts, .of Racine County. Among tbe resolutions adopted by the As sociation was the following, to which we Invite particular attention: "Besolttd, That In case Congress does not see fit to grant I He tariff we ask for oa foreign wools, we pray for FREE TRADE in wool and woollens." Is not this a remarkable resolution to come from gentlemen who consider themselves cinalifled to denounce the Chicago TeIdUNE for its hostility to a tax of seventy per cent upon imported products for which exported products arc exchanged? It is fair to pre sume that the resolution meant something. When gentlemen possessing the intelligence which the wool growers of Illinois and Wis consin do possess, avow themselves to be in favor of free trade unless Congress shall adopt a certain schedule of duties on wool. It is fair to presume that they have measured their words, that they know what they arc talking about, and tbit they mean whal they say. They have been studying the tariff question three or four years. They have mastered the fallacy and fraud which is put upon them under tbe seductive name of “Protection to American Industry.” They say that the only thing which can reconcile them to this fallacy and fraud is a tariff of fifteen cents per pound on all unwashed wool, and ifthey cannot have this they pray for free trade! How then can they denounce people who arc not wool growers for follow ing their example ? Congress has not betrayed any intention of enacting a tariff of fifteen cents per pound on unuoshfd wool, or anything like it. The House bill of last session fixed the rates at . liom three to twelve cents per pound aceoed Ing to quality, and even this hill has not passed, and is not likely to pass. Hence the •wool growers of Illinois arc pledged to go lor “fiee trade in wool and woollens.” We hope they will stick to their text, and cease denouncing people who are merely humble imitators of themselves. It might he supposed by some that the resolution quoted above was intended merely as a threat, to frighten the woollen manufac turers. The debate in the Association shows that this is not the fact. It was contended by those who addressed the meeting that “ all interests should receive equal protec “ lion, or there should he none at all.” Now as it Is impossible that all interests should receive equal protection, we have the author* Ity of the Illinois wool-growers, who have studied the question for three years, that there should he none at all. If all interests should receive equal protection, it would amount to no protection to anybody. Bat the wheat-grower cannot receive any pro tection because his products arc exported, more or less, to foreign countries. The only form of protection which can reach him would he a bounty of fifty-six per cent on his products, to be paid out of the Na tional Treasury. The Same remark applies to all persons whose trades aud callings are not embraced in the Tariff Bill, and equally protected in said bill. All these people, numbering about thirty millions, have the au thotily of the Illinois wool growers, au intel ligent aud practical body of men, for saying that “ all interests should receive equal pro jection, or there should be none at all.” TUG BIiIU.VBI KDtTION QUES TluW, The Washington Chronicle of yesterday says “-that it Is no longer a secret that many Democrats have called upon the President to sign the Reconstruction BUI, and that many conservative Republicans who have sup ported his policy have advised the same course, while a still larger class, and among them certain of the reconstruction leaders, have recommended that his veto should be seat in early in the week, so as to afford time to Congress; and that, In giving his ob jections, he should take care to state that he will honestly execute the law when it is duly enacted.” Another despatch states that a petition signed by one hundred and fifty leading New York Democrats, among whom is Thurlow Weed, has been presented to him, urging him to sign the bill, and terminate the con troverey with Congress, and allow the rebel States to resume their places in the Union. On the other hand the rabid, purblind seccsh who are still wearing crape ior the “lost cause,” exhort him to pocket the bill and thereby prevent this Congress from passing It. But it is believed that Johnson will neither approve the hill nor withhold it, but will veto it; thus enabling Congress to pass it. before, the termination of the session. What commends the bill to the Democrats is the suffrage provision whichallows the ex rebels, ns well as tbc colored men, to vote, and disfranchises no one, but establishes the the principle of universal suffrage. The Democrats very well kuowthal these arc the most favorable terms their Southern allies will ever get, and that if the question goes over to the next Congress more se vere restrictions, in all probability, will be imposed on tcccsb suffrage. A Richmond despatch states “that Virginia will very probably be the first of the South ern Slates to fall into line under the new Congressional plan of reconstruction. Gov ernor Pierpoint was in counsel with the State Senate Saturday cvcuing, and advised a speedy endorsement of the plan. His view seemed to meet with general approba tion. It is generally believed the Legisla ture will pass calling a Convention ol tbc people, and accepting negro suffrage upon the terms of the bill.” E&The bill declares the cx-rchcl State Gov* einments to be merely ProritionaJ, and en acts that in all future elections to fill offices under them, no man shall be prevented from voting by reason of his color or previous condition of servitude. Equal and impartial suffrage being thus secured to the colored men, the ex-rebels have nothing to gain and everything tolose,by procrastioation.andUls quite probable that they will speedily con clude to “fall into lice under the new plan of reconstruction,” and make the best of the terms offered to them. FOREIGN CAPITAL VS, HOJIE CAPITAL. At this time, when the monopolists arc urging Congress to keep out the products of foreign labor, would it not be equally proper to legislate to keep out foreign capital? Why should foreign capital be allowed to compete with home capital ? Abroad it is worth only four per cent, while here it la worth from eight to ten. And this excess goes into the pockets of a purse-proud arts* toe racy who have no'sympathy with our in stitutions. Besides, this influx of foreign capi tal keeps down the rate of Interest, which oth erwisc would go up to twenty-five per cent. It is thus very evident that the American money-lender Is deprived of bis own market and his just returns. -Ji the American mao ulacturer Is to be protected by a duty of seventy per cent, why not the American money-lender? Why discriminate between moccy loaned on bond and mortgage and that invested in iron, or cotton, or woollen manufacture? No State, perhaps, has suffered so much from foreign capital as Illinois. It bnilt onr cnnal, it has built our railroads. Chicago, aware of the dangerous tendencies of foreign capital, hat always steadily refused to lend her credit to any scheme of the kind. Her citizens, in their Individual capacity, have but sparingly taken stock; and yet here wo arc the focus of $100,000,000 of foreign capi tal invested in railroads. Our city is dotted all over with great station-houses, ware houses and elevators, built with foreign cap ital. Onr rows ol stately stores and onr n acnlflccnt private residences, in some in- stnuccs, arc mortgaged to foreign capital, which comes in direct competition with American capital. If wc cannot have a pro hibitory tariff on foreign capital, let us at h ast have one ol seventy per cent. Pat the man who wishes to build a railroad on tbc t*me looting as tbe man who wishes to buy a plow, or a yard ol cloth. Make him pay to the American money-lender seventy per ci nt mere than the current rate of London ur Amsterdam. In this way wo can protect home capital, create a home market, save ocean transportation, bring tbe money-lender snd money borrower together, and generally carry out the “ American system.” rer* The Committee of Ways and Means - It appears, bare yielded to the demand of Ibc Massachusetts ice dealers. They have Stricken icc from the free list in the Tariff Bill, where U has been ever since Columbus discovered America, and imposed a duty of ten per cent upon it* Icc is produced by leaving a pond of water out of doors in tbc winter season, and it would seem as though wc ought to be able to make it as cheaply as foreign nations. But it appears that the “unlaxed mill ponds of Canada” have got the advantage of ns somehow, to the extent of ten per cent. Good News jf True.—A Washington de spatch ot yesterday says: “A test vote on taking no the TsrllTßUl In the Houre last night, (Saturday) was aga n*l 11. The fncmJafe tbc hill are very much discouraged.” U the Western members who arc hostile to this bill of abominations will oxert them selves, they may be able to defeat it. At all events, the President can pocket It. It Is true it may bo passed by the next Congress, hut the more the people examine and study its features, the stronger the popular oppo sition will become. GREAT BRITAIN. The Opening of Parliament. ■Description of the Inaugnral Ceremonies. The Queen and Her Court. Speeches of Lord Rnsscll, Lord lierbyand Hr. Gladstone. . The Question of Reform. Tlie Opening of Parliament. INTERESTING DESCRIPTION OP TUB AUGUST CBREMONT—THE PROCESSION OP. ROXALTT —THE QUEEN AND HER COURT. As already announced by. Ocean Tele graph, the British Parliament was opened on the 6th Inst, by the Qaccn in person, with the usual ceremonies. The London Times account says: The occasion was one calculated to excite a high degree of interest, for it not only came niter a crisis the most important, perhaps, which has occurred since Her Majesty's ac- cession to tbe throne, as well in Us popular bearings as its political Indications, but also at a period when everything portends that the sesrion which it Inaugurated will be more eventful even than the lost. Though but few cau he actual spectators of the cere monial within the House, all feel an indefina ble sense of participation In it It they can but catch a passing glance of the prin cipal actors in the scene. Some such considerations alone could have induced tbe vast multitudes who Hocked from all parts of London yesterday, to face rain and mud lu order to see the royal pageant. A genial sunshine in the lorenoun gave hopes that “Queen’s weather” would lend Its aid to the attraction of the coming spectacle, hut shortly before 13 o’clock rain begun to fall, and at 12:30 the rain came down lu torrents. Both sides of Parliament street were densely packed, the windows of the houses, even those from which but an indifferent view could be obtained, were filled, and every site which was suitable, and many which were not, were made more or less available for temporary'stands and balconies. A battalion of Grenadier Guards, headed by their band, was posted near the eutiunce to the Lords, and the Coldstreams opposite Palace yard. Her Majesty occupied what is termed a “dress carriage,” with eight cream colored horses. Though the down-pour of rain necessitated the closing of the windows of her carriage, so that few con’d catch a glimpse of the Queen, hats and banrkerchicls were tumultuously waved as Her Majesty passed along, and loud and en thusiastic cheers rose from the voices ofjteas of thousands. The doors of the House of Lords were not opened till 12 o’clock, but long before that time a considerable number of ladles had collected, and the dim magnificence of the long coiridors and chambers was enlivened by the presence of exquisite toilettes iu all the richest amplitudes ol the latest fashion. In a few minutes after the hour had struck a considerable space of the Government benches was occupied, and from that till after one o’clock the arrivals were incessant. The opposition benches filled more slowly, for on these occasions this part of the Cham ber is reserved for peeresses only, and the majority of these dm not arrive till shortly before the great ceremony of the day began. No alteration was made in the interior of the House beyond those temporary lines of demarcation always used at royal openings. The railings in front of the throne had been removed, and the throne Itself—that stiff,hard-backed, angular, and strictly gothic chair, the only uncomfortable scat in all the House of Peers, was on Ibis occasion made to look more habitable from its being almost entire ly hidden by the Queen's robe of state. The gallery on the ritht of the throne, devoted to ladies connected with the various diplo matic bodies, was soon filled, and also that on the left of the Chamber. At the. upper end of this, near the throne, sat a group of Indian Princes, the extraordinary magnifi cence of whose dresses and jewels made them for a long time the prominent feature ol attiaction to the ladies present. Early after the opening, Prince Teck, wearing the handsome uniform of blue and silver of the Austrian Hussars, entered the House, and was conducted by Sir Edward Oust, Chief Master of the Ceremonies, to a scat just out side the body of the House, in which, as not being a peer, he of' course could have no place. Lord Houghton was the first lay peer to present himself, and he was quickly followed by the Marquis of ■Winchester, the Earl ot Westmoreland, the Bishops ot Oxford, London and Ely, and the Archbishops ot Canterbury and York.' None of their Lordships, however, had assumed their robes of state, but in plain morning costume moved about the House conversing with the peeresses and ladles of their ac quaintance. Towadrone o'clock the body of the House was almost filled with ladies. At about one o'clock the Bishops, in their robes of state (similar to those of her Majes ty's Judges, but without the wig), began to take their places upon the Episcopal Bench. There was, however, not room for them all, and some of them had to sit with the Judges in front of the woolsack. At the same tlme,also,ruflny peers iu their robes took their scats. Mr. Justices Bramwcll. Lush, Shoe, Chiel Baron Kelly, Mr. Baron Channcll, and Mr. Justice Bylcs came in almost together, ard alter them the Lord Chancellor and Lord Cranworth. The part allotted to the Diplomatic Body had meanwhile been gradually filling, and the crowd of splendid unlfomis covered with orders and decora tions, which is always to be seen there on these occasions, made it one of the most brilliant parts ot the whole Chamber. The Ambassadors of Turney, France, Austria, Prussia and Russia occupied the front scat, nud behind these were the Ministers of Bel- glum, Italy, Spain, Portugal ami Bavaria, while the background was filled up with Ministers Com minor States and a crowd of Secretaries and Attaches. TLc first peers to represent tbo Opposition were Lords Granville, Clarendon and Syd ney. After them came Lord Roden, Lord Dufierln, Lord Damlcy, Lord Albemarle, the Duke of Sutherland, Lord Churston, the Duke of Buckingham, Lord Lytton, Lord Shrewsbury and Talbot, and tbe Marquis of Westmeath. The Marquis of Winchester, tbe Duke of Bcaulort, Lord Colville and many peers, who arc very seldom seen in tbe Douse save on these occasions, were also present, and by 1:30 the House was nearly lull. At this time Lord Derby entered. There was a momentary bush as a brilliant croup appeared at the door, and their Royal Uigh nesses the Prince of Wales, the Duke of Ed inburgh and tbe Duke of Cambridge, attend* cd by their Equerries, entered. Both the Princes wore ordinary robes os dukes over their unilorms, and the Prince took his own seal—the first on the Opposition benches on the left next to the throne, with the Duke of Edinburgh below, and the Duke of Cam bridge next to him again. After these came Lord Chief Justice Bovin, with Mr. Justices Smith and Kcatinc. It was expected that tbe new peers en titled to sit in the House would have taken the oaths ard their scats before tbo ar rival of Dei Majesty. Nine peers can non claim this honor, eight by right of succes sion, namely the Earl of Craven, the Mar quis of Exeter, tbe Earl of Kingston, Lord 2sortbrrook, Lord Plunkett, and tbe Mar quis of Waterlord; one new peer by ma jority, the Earl of Eldon, just come of ago; one by creation. Lord Brancepete (.better known as Viscount Boyne), and one by elec tion, Viscount Templemore, In the room of the late Lord Lancsborongb. These noble men, however, did not take their scats at the morning sitting yesterday. At 2:10 the doors on tbe right of the throne, by which the Queen enters, were thrown open, and tbe whole of the lllnstrlons assemblage in tbe Chamber rose with a great rustle, which was Instantly succeeded by an Intense silence as every eye was fixed upon the door. Formerly when tbeQaeen used to open Parliament -with the Prince Consort, her arrival was always proclaimed before hand by brilliant flout ishes of trumpets. Yesterday, however, as last year, the splendid procession entered amid a solemn silence that was almost fhncreab First came tbe Heralds, bowing siifily la their tabards as they passed the throne, then the chief officers ot the Household, followed by Lord Derby and Lord Matmcsburv. After these noblemen came Her Majesty, ac companied by the Princesses Helena and Louise and Prince Arthur, and followed by iLe Duchess of Wellington, who stood be hind the throne. The Qnecn, as she sat un the throne, had the Princesses, with Lord Derby and Lord Malmesbury, on her left. On her right were the Lord Chancellor with the speech, the Poke of Buckingham, the Marquis of Winchester with the Can of Main tenance, and the Duke of Richmond bearing the Imperial Crown, while officers of the Household, the Chamberlain's Department and tbe Bouse of Lords closed in the back ground. When the Qnceu had taken her place on the throne, the Lord Chancellor, by her com mand, requested their lordships to be seated, and the Deputy Usher of the Black Rod was despatched to tummon the ‘•faithful Com mons.” During the interval which always elapses before the knights and burgesses present themselves In utmost tumultuous ar ray below tbe bar, the most Intense silence prevailed in the House of Peers, and every look was directed to the august occupant of the throne and those who stood around It. They might have been statues, so mo tionless wereall. The Queen never stirred or Uokcd to right or left. Her dress was a plain black silk, with the ribbon and star ot the Garter. On her head was a Mary Stuart cap, surmounted by a deml crown of brilliants, from the back of which depended a long white veil, and she wore tbe Koh-i --noor in a necklace. The Princess Helena wore a train ofwhtte satin.and the Princesses ! of nolcwell-known to the public who had yet arrived, the same material. They stoodbe side Her Majesty, on the left of the throne, and w ere as motionless as the Qnceu hereelt Prince Arthur wore the very plain uniform ■ of a cadet of the Royal Military Academy. The “ talibful Commons” came to the bar In a more orderly way than last year, though still not without an amount of noise and an amount of hat-cntshlngamoog the first rows • which provoked an almost general smile in the Chambers of Peers. When complete silence was restored, the 1 Lord Chancellor, bowing to the Queen, read • tbe speech, a full report of which has been i already received In this country by Atlantic ; Telegraph. Speeches In Reply to the Address from Hie Throne. EARL BUSSELL’S SPEECH. The address to Her Majesty in reply to her speech from the throne having been moved and seconded, Earl Russell addressed the House. He referred briefly to the Items of foreign policy alluded to in the speech, and, commenting on that passage of the etrcech having reference to the UnliedStates, said: “ X must say 1 sec no reason why. be cause I, when at the head of] the ror c»cn Office, did not accept certain propo sitions which were made 16 me, the noble Lord now at the head of that De partment should not come to a dlffer- cnt conclusion. I, myself, in dealing with questions relating, to America—os, for In* stance. In tbc case of the Baylslands—took a course more in conformity with the views of tbc American Government than my pre decessor In office deemea it his doty to pur sue. The honor of the country Is not, I pre sume, involved in the proposal which the Government has made, and I trust both Homes of Parliament will very shortly be informed in what that proposal consists.** • Be then passed on to the paragraph rela ting to Parliamentary Reform, from which helnfcrrcd an intention on the part of the Government speedily to Introduce a bill dealing with that subject. He imputed to the leaders of the present Government that .they .had- in -former sessions- re sisted all propositions to lower the borough franchise and had met the moderate bill pro posed by the late Government unfairly and disingenuously. After vindicating the sep aration of the question of franchise from that of the redistribution of sea's, which, be contended, would have impeded and delayed a settlement of the question, Lord Russell promised to consider upon its merits any bill which the Government should propose, and would rejoice to support one which should confer the franchise upon a large body of the artisans of tbc country who are well quail* fled to possess it. He said: “ With respect to the bill which the noble Earl is about to produce, 1 only hope that It will ho produced soon: that it will contain cleir pro visions. and that it will ho considered by the House of Commons. For my own part, I neither promise to support it. nor do 1 threaten oupo-Ulon lo it. if n ue a good bill, no doubt we shall be happy to sec It carried, it U be a had hill, with an to complete or delusive franchise, why, then, It would do jnst that to wOtcb the noble Earl truly objected. Above all, if we think that it wilt lead, Oimlutnte occasion, to apltatlon of a perilous character. It will he our duty to oppose 1U If the Uoure of Commons pass a lair bill, and your ; lordships appiovc it, giving a great bodjot the , artisan* of this country ihe privileges which they : are will fitted to exercise—lt wo impose upon them the duty which they are well fitted to ptrfom, that of exercising one of the most im portant functions which can be ez< rcl->ed in a tree countiy In voting for representatives to Parlia ment ; in short, m selecting men on whom tac conduct, power, faith and freedom of this country depend for many years—lf you give them that ad vantage fieely and fairly, and to a proper extent, then you may hope to Be-lie this question. Bnt if. on the other hand, you endeavor by any tricks or shuttles to cheat them of that fhir right, and en deavor to give them less than that to wulch they are entitled, yon wQi not succeed, and you will lay tbe font cation ot future agitation. 1 am aware that many oflhe public meetings have de clared in favor of manhood anftrag.*, hut hardly any ote In either House of Parliament wishes for each a anfirage, and if you give tbe work ing classes ol ihl» country a fair proportion of vote* yon may hope to settle this question for a com-ldcrable time. But if you deal with it unfair ly and inadequately there can be no better theme for eitalion at the general election, which must soon i- keobco after ihe pausing ot such a hill, than that the present House of Commons cheated the country ano that it was necessary to have a new Reform Bill aud new members of Parliament who would do their duty to their constituents more hmesily than (be members of tbe pnsenl Hcnai- of Commons. [Hear, bcir.l And hi were an agitator 1 would wish for no belter theme. (A laueb.j Tbe noble Bail, having arrived at tne conclusion that there ought to be a large reform, wilt, 1 trust, reduce the franchise to scchauer tciathatlus measures will ho accepted by the country-** LORD DERBY’S SPEECH. Lord Derby declined to discuss the merits of the various Reform propositions that had been made since 1532. and contented himself with anrouuclncr thai the Chancellor of the Exchequer would on Monday next state the course proposed by the Government In reler cnee to the Ke;orm question. He. however, reminded the House that any attempt at a satisfactory settlement of the question must be unsuccessful If approached in the spirit and temper evinced by Lord Russell. The question must be considered dispassionately, and not in a party spirit, If it weic to be settled at all, as there was no possible Government which at the present could carry 'a Reform hill unassisted. The late Government bad tried and had failed, notwithstanding a large apparent majority, but its deleat wasdue not merely to its op. ponents, but also to Its supporters. Mutual forbearance and abstention from recrimina- tion were necessary to obtain the passing of any measure upon this long agitated subject. The noble Lord then referred to the question ofthc Alabama claims, on which he spoke as follows: ••Bavirg addressed himself to the question of Rcfoim, the noble Earl thought It necessary to refer to only two topics. In the first place, be hopea that. In rnaMnc any proposition to the United States Government for tho settlement of those tmrottnoa'c differences arising out of the late civil war, the present Government would be caieful not to stultifv the country or imperil Us honor. Be old not complain mat Her Majesty's Government had taken a (lif erent coarse from tt at which be bad thought fit to pursue, bnc be hoped wo should make no concessions calculated to sacrifice the honor of the country. The cor rci-pondtnce upon this subject bad not arrived at a point which will permit me, consistently wub du*y, to lay it before the Boose; but I will say, that as early aa tbe ruolic service will permit, it shall be laid before Parliament, and . the noble Earl will then find that while wc bave been Disposed to come to an amicable solution'of the existing dif ferences, we bave i ot departed from what Is cod sisttnt with the honor of the country, or forfeited tbo*o rights which belonged to an independent country. [Hear, hear.] The noble Earl appears to think that some proposition has been made to the United States Government Tbe fact is that shortly after the accession of tho present Govern ment to office, tbe United States Government ad dressed a despatch to tbe Foreign office, recapit ulating i he grounds of complalntwblch they stated they bad before ottered for tbe consideration of the otlice. In answer to that, my noble relative thought it necessary to cuter, not acrimo niously but particularly, into a discussion ot tho various points raised. And 1 would state distinctly that there was 01 c question pressed upon os, as It was pressed upon ibe noble Earl opposite, to which wc thought we coaid come to a compromise or settle ment. That was as to the right of ibis country to decide at what time and tinder what circumstan ces we should recognize the belligerent tights of the Confederates, in tbe first place the ques tions (>t iccognizing belligerent rights la inherent In an Independent power; In the next place, a re cognition ot belligerent rights should not precede but tollow* a dtcla-ariou of blockade by the United Srtatec; to blockade is essentially ibe exercise of a bcDlgcient right, and when a blockade was de clared between tbe two panics there were two courses open to Her Majesty's Govern ment—to refuse to recognize tie va lidity ot the blockade on tbe ground that there was nohelllucicnt, or, on the other hand, to recognize the belligerent rights ot the two par ties. And 1 tnink ibe nchle carl very trnlysaid tbat between the two alternatives be selected that which was most incudly to the United States when be recognized that which was a must Imper fect block ede, although by taking this coarse, be toned himself under the necessity of recognizing cut relative obligations. [Hear, hear. | But 1 can not think this a point upon wuich the United states Government lay much sties?, because we saw very lately ta tpnouthe introduction of the new Minister from Fiance at Washington a de claration was officially made that after the evacuation of Mexico by the French there would no longer remain between the two countries a single question to lead -o a ground for or complaint. Now,the Gove.ument of (he Emperor of the French and the late Governmrnt ot Her Majesty pursued a pre cisely Identical course with reference to belliger ent rights and the recent blockade ; and surely, if there is no ground of complaint between the United Slates and France with reference to the latter 1 ? conduct in connection with tbc blockade of ’bo Southernports, thcrecan be no ground of compitlLt agamet Her Majesty's Government In lelcieuce to the same matter. Bat, my Lords, I will ray ibis—lf tbe United estates admit the prin ciple ot arbitration. If they can point cut the pre cifO questions which they desire to have submitted to the arbiter, and tbe grourds upon which they seek for redress and compensation, we shaft be quite read; to meet them In a (ricndly spirit, to discuss the points anon which arbitration la sought, and, Jf wc can Cud an impartial arbiter, to refer to his de cisions the questions at issue. [Hear, near.] Such arc the points which wc have submitted to tbe United States Government. It remains to be seer, whether they can he brought to a satisfactory conclusion. I trust they may, for there arc so countries between which friendly relations are more entirely for tbc intetests of both than this country and tbc great Republic at the other side of tbc Atlantic. [Hear, hear.) Nothing could be more suicidal than a war between the two coun- Uk t-; nothing more destructive of their best in- Mcsir; at a, at the same time, there arc no two countries which have it In their power to be more useful to one another. [Hear, bear.} MR, GLADSTONE'S SPEECH. In tbc House of Commons, Mr, Gladstone spoke immediately alter tbc seconder of tbc Address. He was loudly cheered by hissup porters, and commenced by intimating that he did not Intend to propose an amendment, and should deprecate any such proposal by others. In dealing with the question of Reform, he dwelt emphatically on tbe importance of endeavoring to put a stop to electoral cor ruption, which had become a matter of national honor, and which was spreading in foreign countries a feeling of distrust in rep resentative system, and concluded his speech as follows: I thitk there are three points which will sum up t nr interests In the consideration and manage* mentor this question. There is the question by whom a treasure of parliamentary reform is to be submitted to Parliament; there is the question of what is to be tbe substance and effect of each a measure; and. lastly, there is the question when such a measure is to be brought under our nonce* and when Uis to reach its completion. As re gards the first of rb* sc. the inquiry by whom such a measure is to be submitted, X humbly represent to tbe Bouse that at this moment the interest of this country m a srecdyretrlement or the question 5s all .Important—ihcar, hear}—and that it there be any of ns wbo ateless saneulae than gentlemen op boslteat thepo stble proceedings of her ilaj -sly s oven meLt, u»at will be no reason for endeavor jpg to cast impediments in their coarse. It is oar dufv to accept, wherever we can get It, a measure which will adequately meet the just oxpsctttiars oftbe people, am Ii we Intcndjp be wuilns par ties to the introduction of such a measure by tbe Uovercmcm, we otight not by anything wo may now say or do cast even the smallest difficnlty in >hc way of a tenlemcnt of the question. [Hear, be nr.} Sir, as respects the substance of tbe zneas* nn, that it a matter watch 1 do net think the ptertni Is a proper occasion tor discussing; but as respects the due of that measure— (bear, hear)—l must again say that it appears to me that even the question ol sobstarce itself la hardly more Important. It is not necessary to trace tbeweailsome and irksome details of this protracted cot troverav, or to remind *thc House hot.- many session*, now many Queen's speeches; bow many Governujer.ts, aud how many Parlia ments have been Involved. One thing only w c cat. say. and that is, list It is impossible for our Uptsl.-tIuD to proceed in the Otdmary ai d acenstomed course until this maUot has ueen die. esed of. fmil this matter i- disposed of it slots iht* way. It dl?tnrbs and impedes, and not only so, but U embitters every attempt to deal with c'ny other question of difficulty. Tbe v««t and veiled Interest? of this Empire—growing rapidly mere vas» and more varied ev. ry day—is propor tion as wc reap the barv< st or legislation with af finity, causing Lew aud thicker crops to spring upfre-b from the ground, and In proportion as these interest? solicit us—make it oor duty to our selves to take care that every step wc adopt, aud as far as wc can»o require from others that the measure? which they stoy adopt shall oe directed lounro tic attainment, not only of an effectual, bn - a speedy settlement of this question.” A Lothario In Trouble. (From the LonlsviUc Conner. Feb. S 3. Leopold Sterns, alias L. Leary, was before Judge Craig yesterday morning, charged with unlawfully detaining and attempting to outrage Hiss Annie Scharpf. Annie was a rather pretty looking damsel, just from the “ Vaterlacd,” and could not speak any Eng lish. The interpreter had, therefore, to com mnoicate her testimony to the Court, which was about os follows: She arrived In New York in. the Bremen steamer on the 14ih instant, and came here by railroad via Indianapolis to reside with her brother* Christian Scharpf, who keeps the Pbccnix saloon on Fourth street, near Water, On the route between Indian* spoils and Jeffersonville, on Wednesday liigti't, the conductor of the train came to her and asked her where she wished her hag gage sect. She was nnablo to understand him, and Sterns, who was sitting near, step ped no and Interpreted lor her. lie then sat down oy her, and being glad to find a friend to whose protection sbo cou>d commit her self, she entrusted herself to him. She must have been very Innocent to allow such a gal lant to escort her, os his eagle nose and hap less wig tendered him all hnl interesting. She, perhaps, looked for paternal protection fiom'mm. Be this as it.tniL when they arrived In the city the lechd r ons old cigar dealer, as be is, informed heryjat her broth er's Louse, on Fourth street partly sub- mefficd by the rise In the river, and that she could not get to it. Ho then suggested to her to to tt> a hotel and pat up for the n'gbt. Thla she agreed to* and he took her to the St.' Cloud Hotel, where he registered os L. Leary and lady, Indianapolis. They were shown up to a room, they being sup posed to be man and wile, and when left alone In the room, Sterns Informed the con fiding girl that it was a custom of this coun try that young girls could not get rooms at a hotel, nor. could any woman get a room unless a man was to a*ay to the room with her. He then locked the door and proposed to get into bed This she refused to accede to. The ardent Lothario then tried his winning smiles upon her, but to no effect. ■ Her vir tue was mountains high. Being tired from her long journey, the maiden laid down on the bed with her clothes on, and Sterns f laced himself at her side and tried for hoars 0 shake her, hot she would not succumb. He assumed a great many liberties with her. however. When morning came she found her brother, Chris. Scharpf. and informed him of what had occurred. He at once, had Sterns arrested, and the case was therefore to be beard yesterday morning. After the examination Stems was held in SI,OOO bond to answer. LAWLESSNESS IN KENTUCKY. Terrible Outrage* by Organized Band* of Ueapcradoe*—Operations of the (C Regulator* »-A Frightful Condition of Society-messaged Governor Brain* lette. Governor Bramlette, of Kentucky, has transmitted a message to the Legislature of that State, now in session at Frankfort, call ing attention to the frightful state of society In Marlon, Boyle and other counties: Fuauktobt. February 21,15C7. Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Represent atives : The recent repeated outrages and murders committed by lawless bands of men in some counties, who set themselves up as “ regu lators,” and execute ** lynch law," require that your attention shoald be directed to the inefficiency of existing -laws to secure the punishment ofthese criminals. A band of these lawless men. claiming to number over one hundred, thoroughly or ganized, and assuming to take the regula tion of society and government into tneir own bands, operating in Marion, Boyle, and adjoining counties, under the orders of “Juduo Lynch,” hove become so embolden ed by impunity that they publish their or ders ot banishment and of condemnation In the public journals. Disobedience of their lawless mandates is followed with speedy vcnccancc. Jails arc forced by them, and their victims ruthlessly torn from legal cus tody and mutdered. Those standing oq boll, who are obnoxious to their mnrderous wrmb, arc dragged from their homes and executed. They condemn without

a hearing, aud execute without a trial. The cold blood'd atrocity of their cruelties and murders must shock every manly bosom, and arouse the indignation ot all just men. Within the last few days, during the session of the Boyle Circuit Court, these murderers took from the jail of that county a man, tbcic confined to answer an indictment, and hung him to death within the limits of the town. Since that, auotber has been bun" in the neighborhood, who was standing upon hail. Good citizens, who denounce their lawless proceedings, arc being warned by them to leave the country, under penalty of their wrath. In Marion County many outrages have been perpetrated by them; recently they burned the dwelling house of au aged and exemplary citizen because his sun had resisted their au- thority, and made a successful defence against a party sent to arrest him. A gallant soldier was notified, In one of theirpublUhed orders, to leave the country—his otfoncc being an expressed determination to stand by and de fend a youtger brother against the mob that had ordered him to leave, under a penalty of d*'stb. These arc the only instances of many wrongs. This terrible criminality of organ ized desperadoes is fearfully on the increase, and unless arrested by the vigorous ana ot public justice, will destroy individual and public security, and overbear civil govern- mcnt. Under existing laws no reward can be of- I offered for the apprehension and conviction of these criminals, except upon “the peti tion’* of the Circuit and County Judge ol the county in which the crimes were committed- No such application has been made. As I cannot suppose that the Judges sanction or connive at this criminality, the conviction is enforced that the fear of personal danger re strains them from applying for rewards. Tbe laws should he so amended ns to meet this state of the case, and authorize the of fering ot rewards in such cases without awaiting the petition of the Judge. A fear of personal danger restrains the Judges from acting, and thus apparent sanction Is given to this form of crime. There cannot be any form of crime more dangerous to individual and public security tbau the unpunished and unchecked crimin ality ot the organized mob setting themselves up to regulate society and punish those whom they denounce as offenders. Under pretence of executing justice, they set the laws of God and their country at defiance. All guarantees to personal security are ruth lessly overborne. Every rule, sacred to good government, is trampled under lawless feet, , Before the sweep of these organized mobs I none arc secure. Each man is, individually, I arSfllled in his securities to life and liberty, i The rich and poor, exalted and lowly, the rash and gentle, the brave and timid, the in nocent and guilty, are assailed by the insen sate mob, whose cry is but whose course is vengeance and murder. From the ravages of war, a country may recover; from the tweepof pestilence may be healed; from the wasting of famine may be delivered; but from the shame and infamy of per mitting, unchecked, the reign and rule of mobs, cannot escape, except by putting forth all the powers of government to crash such heinous criminality. Such organiza tions are rebels against all good government, human and divine, and aie traitors to socie ty. In no form caa human passion and wick edness assail society with more devilish and dangerous malignity. The fountains of jus tice dry up beiorc the simoon of organized mobs and “lynch law.** The unbridled pas sions of the worst natures are thus put In or ganized motion to work mischief and ruin upon society. It is thns the devil upheaves from the burn ng bosom of crime the lava of con soni'iLg bate and devouring rage. There can be no excuse or mitigation for such crime. Under pretence of punishing minor offences, these “Regulators” rebel against govern ment, and commit deliberate and cold blooded murder, * An organized mob is the lefugc of the cdwoid and desperado, who ] seek Immunity from dancer in their nnra- , hers and sccracy, while they wreak 1 their vengeance ipon their selected victim. No thrill of inailiood or sense of justice ever stirs the souls of such men. The brave turn with loathing aud disgust from the thought of such They insult the dignity of the Commonwealth, outrage Us honor, impugn its justice, shock Its hu man it v, and defy its authority. These organized “Regulators,** of “malice aforethought.** “upon previous design and deliberation,’’ proceed to their work of death. They are without the defence of “sudden heat and nassion,” they cannot plead this infirmity of hu man nature, which' appeals to : sympathy and mitigates offences. Thcymust I stand before tbe bar of public judgment, as they should before that of civil justice, de prived of any palliation, and clothed in every aggravation, condemned as criminals and murderers. Tbe secresy with which they proceed, under cover of night, announcing their own judgment of the criminality of their acts, the numbers with wbicn they as sail individual security, proclaim .the cow ardice of the deed. Society will be disorganized and civil gov ernment overborne in those communities where mob law prevails, nuless some speedy uud effective remedy be provided. Ample rewards should be authorized for the appre hension and conviction of these lawless men; and power given the Executive and civil authorities to pursue and hunt down to condign punishment these terrible offenders against government and law. The responsibility of making provision, by law, to meet this evil is with you, my duty to coll voar attention thereto is now performed. (Sinned) Thomas E. Bramixtte, Governor of Kentucky. IHE CXIOB OF THE ATLANTIC AXD PACIFIC. Tlic Proposed Canal Across tbe Isthmus of Uarleu I From the New York Times, February Si.] During the last session of Congress, Sena* lot Conucse, of California, procured the pas sage of a resolution calling for maps, reports and profi cs of all the proposed ship canal routes across the Isthmus, in order to deter mine •which is the most leasible, and what further surreys, if any, arc needed on the part of the Government. Rear Admiral Davis, Superintendent of the Naval Observa tory. to whom the resolution was referred, alter a carefhl examination of the whole sub ject, concludes that the only routes worthy of opecial examination arc the San Bias, Da rien and San Miguel. and Congress before it adjourned voted $40,000 for this purpose. The report ot Admiral Davis, although brief, is lull offsets and highly interesting infojmatlon, and we advise our readers to give it a carclul perusal, as the question ol a ship canal between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans is of vast importance to the commer cial intciests olthc world, and is attracting serious attention in this country and Europe. It is surprising that while the world has been expending a vast deal of tame and money In vain attempts to find a useless, impracticable “ Northwest Passage’* the isthmus, if we accept Mr. F. M. Kelley’s surveys, has remained almost unknown, and the question of where is the best and only line lor a ship canal remains undecided. Had one-tenth ol the money been expended in thorough surveys of the Isthmus long since we should have settled the question of feasi bility and undertaken at least, if not have finished, the canal. Any one who will look at a map of the world cannot fail to see that this narrow strip ol land is the only obstacle to a short and early water communication with the Pacific Ocean and the East India trade, which has never failed to enrich tnc nation that commanded it. Cut this in two by means ol a canal and the long, dangerous and expensive voyage around the Capes will be avoided, and the trade of the Pacific brought to our very doors. France and Eng land, impressed with the importance of short ening communication wltu Chioaand the Eastlndies, are pushing forward the work of canalizing the Isthmus of Suez, and why should we not do the same on the Isthmus of Panama? The sailing distance between New York and San Francisco wojjJd be re duced fourteen thousand miles, and the lime to sixty days; and where vessels now can make hut one or two round trips during tbc year; they then could make three or four. It Is estimated that the value of ships ard cargoes yearly afloat on the ocean, doubling the capes, amounts to more than four hundred millions of dollars, and bv the time the canal Is finished this would be doubled. Beride this, there is a large coast ing trade which nerer venturo around Cape Hbrn,*bul if the canal was constructed it would pass into the Pacific Ocean and build nn a trade that now has no existence. Small scarotts and towns featured along the Pa cific coast, north and south ol Panama, which now can hardly be found on the map, . would be startled Into commercial activity • ajA importance as ii touched by an electric . epaik. Indeed, to use tho language of an enterprising gentleman, who has devoted a vast deal of time and money to the subject, **tbc execution of soch a work would place the United States geographically In the cen tre of the trade of the world, anurenew commerce on a grander scale than was ever known or conceived by the moat sanguine far-seeing man.” Of the three routes recommended by Ad miral Davis, the San B T as istfae only one that has been examined. This is the most direct and shortest of any on the Isthmus. Im pressed with these important tacts, Mr. Frederick M. Kelley, of this city, ordered a surveyor it during tho summer of 1865, and in the following winter completed another, thus making two examinations of the route. The first was slmoly a barometrical recon noissancc, conducted by Mr. Norman Rude, civil engineer, in order to determine appro pi late heights and distances, which proving eat it-factory, a regular line of levels was ran from ocean to ocean, with results as laid down on the profile of Admiral Davis's re port. The distance is hnt thirty miles, ten of which is a navigable river, thus leaving only twenty miles to be canalized. Of this seven miles is a tunnel, which maybe avoid ed by flanking the sugar-loaf shaped hills that traverse this part ot the Isthmus. Mr. Kelley's engineers were directed to run a di rect line across the Isthmus, and hence they did not search to the right or lei - for a lower pass through the mountains, which the contemplated governmental survey will very likely find, as predicted by bis engineers. Bat this . route, as it now stands, is decidedly the most feasible of any made known to the public. Good natural harbors exist at each end, and the line traverses high dry grounds, ont of reach of the fearful floods winch rash down the valleys and rivers ot the Isthmus during the rainy season in sufficient force and voi ume to destroy any system of locks and dams constructed toznake slack water navi gation. Mr. Kelley’s plans and estimates have been submitted to first-class engineers lu this country and Europe, and pronounced feasible for a canal deep and wide enough to pass the largest class of ocean steamers and sailing-vessels daring any state of the tides. The Darien route has never been surveyed Its entire length. The efibrts of Glsboarn and Cullen, and the French, English and United States Governments, in XSS4, failed to furnish any reliable data of the interior por tions of this much discussed locality for a ship canal. Whether the route is thirty, forty, or fifty miles long; whether one or two ranges of mountains will have to be crossed, both requiring tunneling, and whether the Chncunaaneßlvcr can be passed by a canal, arc engineering questions which nothing but a thorough Instrumental survey will determine. The harbors at botb ends aie good, and the Intervening country, so tar as examined, is said to be suitable for cunaling. The San Miguel route, the third one re commended by Admiral Davis, commences from the right arm of thoGulfofSau Miguel, and following along the Tuyra River, crosses over the Cordilleras, and strikes the Atrato afcove its mouth, and then passes out into the Gulf of Darien, on the Atlantic side of the Isthmus. This la much the longest of the three routes proposed, but it may, never thelcss, be the most economical and practi cable. CANADA. Important New Feature of ille Confed- eratlon Scheme. fFrom the Toronto Globe, February 22d.]l We received, last evening, from Mr. J. Gor don Brown, who is at present in England, a synopsis of the changes made in the Confed eration scheme by tbo delegates from Can ada. Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Mr. Brown had not seen Lord Carnarvon's bill when his despatch was made up, bat wc have no doubt that themeasure will be found to be in harmony with his Information. The name ot the new Confederation is to he Canada / Upper Canada Is to be styled the Province of Ontario; Lower Canada is to be called QutUe; and the other Provinces are to retain their present designations. We fancy this Is osgood a selection as conldhave been made. The general features of the scheme of the Quebec Conference are maintained ? bat wc deeply regret to learn that there have been Severn) very important modifications made in matters of’detail. And, Jirst, a serious chance has been made In the annual grants from the Federal chest for the support of the Local Governments. Under the Quebec scheme it ■was provided, that each Province embraced In the Union should receive from the Federal treasury an annual grant equal to eighty cents pec head of its population, as established by the cen sus of IbOl—such aid to be in full settlement 01 all iuturc demands upon the Federal Gov ernment for local purposes. Tbc annual bur den thus imposed on the Federal chest was as follows: Popula tion. Value. ,1,3!W,0yi $1,150,873 .1,111,000 t«J,US3 . 5i0,8i7 204,CSC . 252,017 201,033 Upper Canada.. Lower Canada... NovaScotla ... New Brunswick. Total annual grant These annual giants were not to increase in iuturc years with the increase of popula tion, but to remain permanently at those fig nree. But this principle. It now appears, bos been overthrown by the delegates so far os regards New Brunswick. That Province is to receive an increased subsidy from time to time, as ber population Increases, until she has 400,000 people, and her grant will amount to $320,600. Then the increase is to stop, and her grant, like that of the other provinces, is to remain stationary—but at $320,000. It will borccollected that under the Quebec scheme, New Brunswick had a special ad vantage over the other Provinces. The sixty - fifth resolution declared that “the position of New Brunswick being such as to entail large immediate charges upon her local rev enues, it is agreed that for the period of ten years from the time when the Union takes effect, an additional allowance of $03,000 per annum shall be made to that Province.” Our despatch docs not say that this special grant is to remain a part of the scheme, In addition to the new boon now conferred on New Brunswick —but we infer that it Is; and if so, very great injustice has been done to the other Provinces. But tills is not the worst. It Appears that the delegates have agreed to increase the grants to all the local governments; and Mof not on the just principle of population adopt ed at Quebec, but in a manner totally Irra tional and most unjust to Upper Canada I In addition to the eighty cents per head dis tributed as alicady shown, the delegates have agreed that the following annual crania be paid permanently from the Federal chest 70.000 60.000 50,000 Total additional grants .5260.000 Bad this earn of $260,000 been distributed 'accoxdlng to population as determined by tbc census of ISul, the distribution would have been as follows Upper Canada... Lower Canada... Nova Scotia . . New Bmuanick. To Upper Canada... To Lower taujda... To Nova Scotia..... To New Brunswick. Total *260.000 The whole grant for local purposes under the scheme os amended will now he as fol lows: Upper Canada.. Lower Canada.. Nova Scotia New Unumick Total These grants, at tbe estimated populations of the several Provinces on Ist January, XSO7, give the following rates of grant per head: Population. Per bead. Upper Canada 1,’•('2,056 GO cents. lover Canada 1,355,680 74 Nova Scotia New Brunswick 295,064 110 u Nothing could be more scandalously nn jnst to Upper Canada than this, and we arc amazed that Mr. Howland could be a party to It. The second departure from the Quebec scheme is. that until Prince Edward Island conies into the Union, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick shall have between them the four scats in the Upper Chamber that the Island was to have baa. Tbe dlstribntlon will now be as follows: Population. Members. Upper Canada i. 602,055 34 Lower Canada... .1,23r,650 34 Nova Scotia and New Bruns wick 063, SSI 34 There is nothing to palliate this change. Under the Quebec scheme, tbe injustice to Upper Canada was marked enough, but to add to it in this manner waatolally indefen sible. ‘Why, tbe three Provinces of Lower Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick united have but 150,689 people more than Upper Canada, and yet they arc to have forty-eight Legislative Councillors, and Up per Canada but twinty-four. Every Upper Canada Councillor will thus represent 78,033 people, while the average of all the rest will be but 40,682. The thing is utterly unfair. The House of Commons will start with the following distribution of seals aud remain so until tbe census of 1871. when Upper Canada will uct a number of additional seats : • Upper Canada °2 Low er Canada Nova New Brunswick 15 Tfhole Home vi**v lßl The third departure li-om the Quebec scheme is that the Crown is to have power to enlarge the number of Legislative coun cillors to a limited extent, when necessary to prevent a dead-lock. This is unquestion ably an improvement upon the original scheme. - The fourth departure from the Quebec scheme is the trauslerrence of control over the fisheries and over penitentiaries from the Kcal to the Geoe;al Government. This is verv far from tcing an improvement. It is jnst putting In the wedge of Federal Inter* feiecce in local matters.' The more distinct and apart arc the duties and fonctions of the two Governments the better. Annexation the Alternative of Confed* oration. London (Feb. 2) correspondence oi the Toronto Globe.] , There is a report current in the circles Which are interested in Canadian affairs •which, in common with others, I have beard. I enclose a letter to be used in case of neces sity, if exception be taken to my remark. It is said that numbers ot the delegateahave stated in a somewhat petulant manner that if confederation be rejected by the Imperial Parliament, tbe Province can fall back on the secret project of the American Governmnt’a offering annexation on very advantageous terms; that the scheme would accept all Canadian depts and obligations, and would generally extend all benefits contemplated by confederation. How a Gaos ol Borslars was Drowned ODU (From the Toledo Blade. Feb. 22.] giThc peaceable citizens of Fort Wayne have k ng bteu-troubled with the presence of vag ab- nds ard thlevesin their midst. Bandary and violence and general lawlessness were becoming quite frequent. Policemen were intimidated, and when they did succeed in bringing to justice the perpetrators of crime, they were released on payment of “one dol lar and costs,” and allowed to continue their depn dadoes , until it really appeared that the city authorities could not or would not protect the honest citizens. This state of things was not to he endured. If no other law could reach the gni'ty, mob law must; and so on Tuesdayevening, workmen from the railroad shops, and others, numbering fonr or five hundred, assembled at Haynes saloon, the headquarters oi the desperate gang. The proprietor cf the saloon bad been ■previously notified to remove hi? family and trap 9, ead accompanied with a hint that the house would not be allowed to stand; but he failed to obey, and was arrested as an accomplice. Shortly after the crowd assembled, the fami ly were ordered oat. most of the furniture removed, and tbc building 14 took fire,” Just bow, nobody cates to know, or will tell if he docs know. The alaim of fire was given, and two steamers, a hand engine and a honk and. ladder truck went up to be read? for emergencies. No very strenuous efforts were made, however, by either firemen or citizens to qu« neb the flames. It was allow ed quietly to bum down, and Its final col lapse was greeted with rather unsympathetic cheers from the croad. After the fire a committee waited upon the keepers of some saloons adjacent and no tified them never to harbor any of the thieves for fear of a similar catastrophe to thefrbnildlogs. Subsequently a call was Issued for a meet ing at which steps were to be taken to or ganize a Vigilance Committee for the pro tection of the people, the banishment of thieves, and the restoration of the good name of the city. NEffS FROM THE PACIFIC COAST. The Idaho Legislature Sob. j iFrom the Idaho Statesman.) , The refusal of Mr. Hewlett, Secretary of 1 the Territory, to pay the members of the Legislature until he receives fbrther instruc tions from Washington, has given rise to a good deal of til-feeling and some disgraceful proceedings on the port of the members. Alter tbc examination of Mr. Hewlett, threats of personal violence toward him. were constantly made, and knots of angry men filled the hails several hoars after the adjournment. At an early hour on the fol lowing morning, two or three members called upon the Secretary, and threatened him with personal violence unless the mem bers were paid. The language used by these members, and the threats made toward the Secretary, made him think it unsafe to ap pear In the street, A caucus was held in the hall of the 'Lower House in the forenoon ; the remarks were angry, defiant and threatening; some were in favor of forc ing the Secretary to pay, under pain of per sonal punishment; others to make him leave town. The majority finally resolved to go in a body to the Secretary’s office, and there demnmltheir pay, which motion was carried into effect, and some twenty or twenty-five members and attaches visited the Secretary’s office in a body. While there it was agreed to give Mr. Hewlett until half-past two In the afternoon to consult with bis attorneys, at which time it was agreed to meet him at the hall to bear his answer. In the mean time another meeting was held in the hall; ail manner of exciting speeches were made, denouncing Mr. Hewlett and every other Federal officer in the Territory, Judge Gumming was accused of being a de faulter, and the despatch was declared to be bogus and gotten up to gain time for him and prevent an exposure. During Friday night and Saturday morning, much of the furni ture of the halls was destroyed and carried away. At two o’clock Mr. Hewlett repaired to tbc ball. From the riotous mauher iu which he had been treated he thought he had reason to fear personal injury, therefore he bad called upon the United States Mar shal for. an escort for personal protection. A squad of infantry was furnished, who at this time were drawn up in front of the hall. After perhaps twenty minutes of indescriba ble confusion, sufficient order was re stored so that Mr. Lindsey read a letter from his attorneys to Mr. Hewlett, in which they stated it to be their opinion that it was his duty not to disburse any moneys until he had further Instructions from the Department. After reading the letters, while some were trying to speak others made a rush for Mr. Hewlett, who was standing near the Speaker’s desk, and but for the eft forts of several gentlemen near him, be would have been lorn <ln pieces. However, be was allowed to leave the hall without any serious injury. Quiet was to some extent re stored, after which the Infantry were with drawn. Finally, Judges Mcßride and Gum ming advised Mr. Hewlett to pay such mem bers as would take the oath of allegiance. This proposition was agreed to by all parties and carried into effect, and the members and attaches visited the Secretary’s office and re ceived their pay. The Statesman says it is but just to say that no Union man took any part in the disgraceful proceedings. Tbc Orange Product of Los Angelos, [From tbe Los Angelos News, January IS.] A few days ago we counted one hundred and twenty orange trees, occupying two and one-hall acres of ground, and being curious to know the value of tbc crop now being gathered, on inquiry were surprised to learn that it had sold for twelve hundred dollars. Think of that, yon who labor a whole year in the colder and less favored regions, and at the end of the year are glad If you have n anaged to realize one hundred dollars for each acre cultivated. The orange trees we refer to, with the exception of some eight or ten, are of the average age of ten years, the present being the second or third crop, and after the yearly pruning did not require a week’s labor during the year. Thus tbe en tire cost of one huudied and twenty orange trees, on two and one-hail acres of land, is restricted to the cost of pruning and gath ering the fruit, say fifty dollars, leaving the very handsome profit ot $1,150, to say noth ing of the second crop which generally tails very little short of tbe first in quantity, be ing fully up to It In quality. Orange trees generally bear fair crops at eight years old, tbc tree becoming more productive as it ac quires age and strength. We have ircquently been ticked the question how long an orange tree lives and remains healthy and produc tive, which, as a matter of course extends beyoud our knowledge of horticulture; as an evidence of their longevity, however, we note the tact that the trees planted by the founders of tbe Missions, in this county, more than eighty years ago, arc perfectly stund and healthy, and we have never beard of a single instance of their falling to bear good crops. * .52,472,450 A Chinese Funeral. [From Che Alla California. January 21.] In death all men arc equal. This tact was strikingly illustrated by a grand Chinese funeral which took place in this city yester day. The time was when tbc funeral of a wealthy Chinaman in San Francisco present ed the lncont;i uous sight of heathen customs pcrfoimod iii the public streets of a Christian city—the noise of most unearthly music played to “keep the devil away,” and the mockery of grief by a score or two of Chinese prostitutes dressed in white, with dishevelled hair, and wagons loaded with the materials for the “feast of the dead,”—the corpse, covered with a red cloth, and drawn hv a job-wagon, and similar uncouth sights, formed the pageantry of such a fu neral. That which occurred yesterday was quite a difleienl affair, and thawed how ■ apidly the Chinese are adopting our civiliza tion. The corpse was placed in an elegant rosewood casquct, with sliver mountings, and was drawn In one ot the finest hearses in the city. The mourners and friends of the deceased rode in carriages the same as other people. The only Indication of Us be ing a Chinaman’s funeral was one of the race seated alongside the driver of the hearse scattering square pieces of paper, on each of which was a small patch of silver foil punched into six holes. These singular shreds and patches of paper are supposed to have some power in appeasing the wrath of grim death—the great leveller. The Chinese have more excuse lor clinging to their super stition than many of those who sneer at their strange customs. .5117,119 . 93,513 . 27,831 . 21.204 .*1,196,873 . 953.253 . 324,6:6 . 811,038 .*2,795,430 California Grapes for Raisins. [From the Visalia Delta.] It Is, perhaps, not generally known that Tnlare County produces raisins equal to any in the world. The reason It Is not generally known, is that hut few have Introduced and cultivated a true raisin grape. The Califor nia or Mission grape is not a raisin grape. It Is, when the juices are exhausted by dry ing, sll skin and bone. It has not pnlp enough, technically the sarsocarp —lack of solidity or consistency. Now, a good raisin crape must have a heavy pulp and a laigc amount of saccharine matter. These qualities are exhibited largely In the Kosc de Peru. Muscat of Alexandria, Ked and White Syrian, and especially, judg ing from the few samples we have seen, in the Fihcrzagos. Onr intelligent and pro pressive friend Jeffords tested a number of these varieties, as well as the Black Ham burg, last season, with great success. Upon general principles any grape which has a solid, fleshy pulp and is sweet, will make a good raisin. Thousands of pounds are brought here every year. It looks much like ‘carrj Ing coals to New Castle,* for wc can certaiulv raise a better article here. Who will be foremost in experimenting in this cul ture? Whoever is, will soon learn the best mode of gathering, coring, packing, etc., and will n. ake money.” Evading the marriage Law, [From the Vancouver Register 1 We learn that an ingenious mode of evading the marriage law has been devised in one of tbe border counties of this Territory, it is well known that no girl under clgbtcenyears of age can get married unless she obtains the written consent of her parent or guardian. The [Oregon marriage law, also being very stringent, these lasses under age come from Oregon to this Territory, and some friend makes application to the Probate Court for the appointment of a guardian. The girl, if over fourteen, has the right to nominate her own guardian, end she instanter chooses her friend to fill that position. Then, as guardian, be gives bis consent to the marriage of his ward, and the happy couple go back to Web loot rejoicing. Upon the marriage of the ward, she, of course, Is considered of age, and ttie matter of the guardianship is settled bv the Probate Court. About forty dollars is considered the bill of expense. Catholic School BUI lu Idaho, Tbe Governor of Idaho Tetritory has vetoed a bill of the Legislature appropri ating $30,000 for tbe benefit of Catholic schools In the Territory. The Council over ruled the veto, hut the Lower House sus tained it, thus effectually defeating the measure. JefTctson JDavbu [Norfolk (Virginia) Correspondence of IhoFUJa dclphia Inquirer. J I have been to Fortress Monroe to gaze upon the “stern statesman.” Hr. Davis looks very well, which it is not difficult to account for, as he is in a place proverbial for its salubrity, is free from, all restrictions within a vast enclosure, enjoying the most . expensive luxuries, and mating monev by doing nothing faster than be could do It by any amount of labor. Foimerly the letter to him were examined, and when General Miles was relieved from the command of the fort, over twenty-live thousand dollars had been received In contributions from the faithful to the false pod of their idolatry. These evidences were not, at the time of their receipt, banded over to Mr, Davis, but are, without doubt, held os his properly, even If the greater leniency since exhibited iu all other respects, may not already have occasioned them to be handed over, -opt however this is, fora long time past the 11- Imtrions prisoner has received all letters and Dockages without examination, and as their number and bulk has not diminished, it la probable that he is at this moment enjoying as good an income as the President of the United States. On Christmas Day there ar rived an amount of presents which nearly broke down the resources of two express companies. It is a curious fact that many of these presents came from Boston. * Mr. Davis, being only bound by parole, is quartered in a part of the fort so obviously insecure that he could at any Umo escape. This suggests the idea that some authorities, properly . estimating the value of secesa paroles, as shown by many late examples, nave hit upon tbat expedient, i. escape, as a means of getting rid of the 4( white ele phant but Jeff, will not be likely to leave a preit lon where l>e Is so well off, besides un dergoing retirement Horn the throne of a veay cheap and easy martyrdom. IS SURAS CE. Condition and Prospect* of the Fire Insurance 1 interest. At the annual meeting of the National Board of Fire Underwriters held in New York last week the following report, on the condition and prospects of the fire insurance interest, was submitted by the Executive Committee * After referring to the damage done to the loan rarce bneiiesa previous to the organization of (he National Board. Jest subsequent to the closo of the war—when the currency was expanded almost to the verge of collapse, and the flncraailons In the value of property sudden—ihereportadds: Under all these disturbing Inflnences the basin ess of in surance soon experienced the cSeels of the change ana bersn to realize the folly of the sreat redac tion m rates engendered by. the apparent pros perity of the three pterions yean and the reckless competition consequent upon such prosperity. So sadden and vio lent was this change that it was found from relianle statistics chat the average percentage on losses on premiums for the year IS&S bad in messed to seventv-one per cent from fifty-three per cent, the average on the previous fire years; whi'e the flrslslx months of JSGB had largely in ceastdthepercentageon&GS. Ibe losses of 1865 had risen to the enormons figure of $43,W)C,000, as compaied with <18,600,000, the average of the pre vious fl'c 3 ears, and the first six months of ISG6 exceed 'd the enure losses of 1565. The expenses of. condoning the business. Including taxes, had increased from about twenty-six per cent on the gross premiums of the previous five years to thir ty one per cent at the close of ISGS, and Ihe result was eho-n in the fact that (the nxevtons five vests hau $2.93 of assets lor erety <IOO at risk, while at the end of 1665 there was only <2.37 to the same After referring to rnndty other topics, of no es pecial interest or importance, however, the report staled that the great object of this Board has been to st-euxe advanced rates to a reasonable extent, which should be remunerative and more uniform than bad heretofore prevailed. It has not been tta object to deal oppressively or lay too great a burden on the general insuring public or the indi vidual, but to so equalize the rates as to be more uniform on all, and place the Insurance capital on a sure basts, tbat It mlcut be able to arord the public what it promises, indemnity ' aaalcst lots by fire. From an Intimate knowledge of the whole field the committee were justified Ed saying that there was no real cause for complaint. Over SOU local boards, with rates more or less advanced and uniform in character, have been organized under the auspices of the Executive Committee, and ffie favorable results ateatpatenltoall. Although the lull results have not been realized, the advance gained has done much to relieve the Increased looses that have fallen upon the business during the past six mouths, and when the rates shall have been ad vanced to an adequate standard a reasonable de gree of profit may be expected from the vast amount of capital invested in a busings so bece ficb.l m its character and so essential to the trade and commercial Interests of the country. THE MICHIGAN CEATRAL RAIL ROAD. A Formidable Investigation Proposed by the micliigtm legislature. [Lansing Correspondence ot the Detroit Post.] The following are Hr. Glavln’s resolutions respecting tbc alleged violation ot its cLurtcr by the Michigan Central Railroad: WnrnEAf. By an act of ihe Legislature or the State ol Michigan, approved March 81, 1537, the Executive waa antcorlzed to borrow aa am of money, not exceeding $5,000,000, to be expended tor the purpose of internal Improvement; and Wheiieaf. In part nance of certain provisions contained in said act. the Stale projected and com* mended the building of three tatlroada, one of wblct* was the Central Railroad, commetidnsr at Detroit and terminating at the village ot St. Joseph, m Berrien County: on the construction 'of nhicb the State expended a latge part of the money realized from the above loan; and Wninsas. By an act of the Legislature of the State of Michigan, approved Match 29,156tk the sale of the said Central Road was authorized to Ce made to certain persons named In tee act, hr the name and style of the ** Michigan Central Railroad Company,” and section live of thia act provides li st the eastern end of the nrlroad mu-t commence “at some suitable point not more than C,(XO feet from the termination of Woodward avenue, on the Detroit River, in the city of De* iron, to pass through the villages or towns of Ypailaml. Am Arbor, Dexter, Jackson, Marshall, Battle CteiV, Kalamazoo, to some point in the State of Michigan, which shall be accessible to steamboats navigating said lake, and thence to some point on the southern boundary line of the Slate of Michigan." And section 21 of said act, approved Match 2S, istti, provides that "so soon as said company shall have conairnctad and completed and opened for the transportation ofpetsonsand of property, that portion ot their said railroad which shall extend from Kalamazoo afoieaatd to Lake Michigan aforesaid, thence and ever thereafter, (tave on theflr>i day of the weed, or is case of accident, which shall prevent.) said company shall keep In repair and onetr for public use, an entire line of railroad from some point not more than 0,010 leet from the termination of Woodoaid avenue, on the Detroit Hirer, in the ciiy oi Detroit, to Lake Michigan,” and provides further, Hat the said company shall always keep and I'ave upon the said roan to lake Michigan "a supply of motive power and cars sufficient tor tbe expeditious and convenient transaction of all bc-iteff,” under a penalty to the State of Michi gan ol {5,000 in each case for neglecting for tbe space of thirty oays to comply with the provisions ol Ibis danse: urd, Wjubexs, ihe said Michigan Central Railroad Company built a bridge or plrr out toto Lake .Michigan, at New Buffalo, Eerren County, mak- tag itar their "acresaiUe point” tor steamboats tavlga tag tbe lake, and at which steamboats loaded and unloaded, and upon which the Mtcbt gan Central Railroad Company run tneir cars for a short tunc; hut upon tbi completion of the said Michigan Centra) Railroad to Chicago, several years ago. they abandoned tlua "accessible point” on lake Michigan and pulled up the track or tails aid down onsaidpu-r; therefore, Jittahtd (tbe Senate concurring), that a Joint committee, consisting of three members of tbe Honseaud two ol tbc Secate, beappoicted to in quire whether tbe said Michigan Central Company have vlolati d the terms of their charter, either in letter or in spirit, or in both, with power to send lor peieons atd papers, and report by bill or oth entire; and also to Inquire whether tbe said Jllchigau Central Railroad company has not for tcited to the State of Michigan the aforesaid pen alty of SS,COU for such violation. (A n&D nlth Three Wlrei. [From the Cleveland Herald, February 53.) Arden Knight, the “old, original Dr. Jacob Townsend,” In the line of bigamy outside of Utah, was arrested at the home of his mother, in Winchester, Columbiana County, Ohio, and brought to this city, charged with having three wives. He was committed to Jail to await a preliminary examination be fore Esquire Stephan, on Tuesday. Having ascertained some of the tacts connected with his case, ttc present them as matter lor San* day reading. Before the war, it la alleged, he married a Terr respectable lady in Alli ance. Ohio, and shortly after that marriage contracted a matrimonial alliance with Miss Atm Fife, of Cleveland. By adroit manage ment, be was successful in living peaceably with both for some time, vibrating like a swinging pendulum from one place to the other, as occasion requited. With all his adroitness, however, his crime was discovered by the Cleveland wife who tracked him to the place where he was basking in the affections of another Mrs. Knight, several hours alter sun-down, and there obtained proof positive of bis incon stancy. He was arrested on the spot and taken before a magistrate who released him upon condition that he wonld enter the army—the magistrate claiming to have no jurisdiction over the case, as the alleged crime was committed in another county. Arden entered the army, remained a short time, when he returned to Tns : carawas county, and renewed his old game, “Courteh'p and Marriage.” Thethird Mrs. Knight made his guilt so dark In this section that officers of the law were put up on his trail, but he eluded their vigilance, and sought a place of safety in Noble Coon iy, Illinois, taking his last wife with him. We believe she was, and is to this day, un acquainted with the cause of his sadden re moval. At all events she is doubtless pa tiently awaiting his return from Columbiana County, where he was arrested while visit ing hisvothcr, for the purpose of taking her to Illinois. He did not attempt a con cealment of the tact that he was in Ohio, as bis long absence, the noUe entered in h!s case by the prosecuting attorney and an Illinois divorce, from his first wife, ob tained by some hocus poem in Noble County, induced him to believe he was perfectly safe —consequently his want of precaution to avoid a second arrest. The number of bis heirs are unknown to the “Jury,” but we understand he has one at Alliance, and. If we may judge fairly of his aspirations in tnat respect by bis ardent at tachment to three women, It is lair to pre sume a collection of the whole number would make a creditable show In any man sion of Salt Lake City. Western Fonmr*’ Home for tlie Paris Exposition. [From the New York Times, February 22 This building, which Is of good capacity for a family of six or eight persons, furnished from the State of Illinois, arrived this morn ing by the Red Line from Chicago, and will fo by the steamer St. Laurent on Saturday, he despatch with which Ibis structure bos been produced and forwarded is worthy of special mention. The order was given to a builder of ready-made homes, on the 9lh of February, and wos constructed in six days, and brought through by the Red Line in five days from Chicago, accomplishing the manu facture and shipment to New York In less than two weeks. 44 The Western Farmers’ Home” and the American “School House”—which are to oc cupy a special position In the park of the Champ de Mars —both come from Chicago, and are to he used to represent the style of homespecniiar to the West, as well as the system of free education. • The space of the building is to be used to represent the agricultural and mineral pro ducts of the country, the soil, and the pro ducts of the same, and all kinds of gram and seeds, com in the stalk, cotton, hemp, tobacco, Ac., Ac. , , ~ , ... 'The school house will be fnrnished with the most approved apparatus, desks, Ac., &c., together with & cottage organ manu factured in Chicago, intending to represent tbe use made of the common school house, which is the place for public worship, funer als, Sabbath School, Ac, until the new com munities are otherwise provided. They will be nnder the control of J. P* Reynolds, the State Commissioner of Illinois, who will ar range the dl play of the State and of the Northwest in these structures. Tney are the only American buildings of the kind that are permitted by the French Imperial mission, and will, we believe, exert a marked Influence upon emigration, Ac. The Longest Story on Ilecord. The following will amnse almost any one who will take the trouble and spare the time to read it through; w There was once a certain King, who. lute many Eastern Kings, was very fond of hear ing stories told. To this amusement he gave up all bis time, but yet he was never satis fied. The exertions of his courtiers were all in vain, lie at last made a proclamation that U ary man should tell him a story that should last forever, he would certainly make him bis heir and give him the princess, his daughter, in marriage, but if any .one should pretend he badfcuch a story and should lad. tbstis, if the story did come to an end—he was to have his head cat off. For such a price as a beautiful princess and a kingdom, many candidates appeared, and dnaotul long stories some of them told, borne of tbem lasted a week, some a month and some six months. Poor fellows, they all spud them out as long at they possibly could, hot all in vain. Sooner or later they all came to an end, and, one after another, the unlucky etory-teilera had their heads chopped ofl'. At last came a man who said that he bad a story that would last forever. If his majesty would be pleased to give him a trial. He warned himof hia danger; they told him how many others had tried and lost •heir heads, but he said he was not afraid ; and so he was brought before the king. Ho was a man of a very , composed and delifp erate way of speaking, and, after making ail necessary stipulations for hla eating, drink ing and sleeping, he thus began; Ob, king, there was once a king who was a great tyrant; and desiring to increase his, riches, he seized upon the corn la his kin"3>' dom, and put it into an immense granary which was bnllt on purpose, as higa as a mountain. This he diet for several year* m.til the granary was quite full to tbc top. Be then stopped the doors and windows on all sides. But the bricklayers had, by ac cident, left a very small hole near the top of the granary, and there came a flight or lo custs and tried to get at the corn, but the bole was so small that only one locust coaid* Sss through at a time. So one locust we ? and carried off one grain of com, and then another locust went inandcarried off another grain of corn, and then another locust went in and carried oil another grain of corn, and then another locust went in and carried off another grain of corn. Be bad gone on thus from morning till munt (.except when he was engaged at his meals) for about a month, when the king began to be rather tired with his locust, and interrupted bis story with : “ Well, well, we have heard enough of the locust, wc will suppose they helped them selves to all the corn they wanted. Tell us what happened afterwards.” To which the stcry teller answered delil-** erately ; ** If it please your majestv, it is* Impossible to tell what happened afterwards before I tell what happened first.” And then he went on: “And then another J locust went in and carried off another grain of corn, and then another locust went In <nd curried off another giain of corn, and then another locust.wcnt in and carried off anoth er grain of corn, and then another locust wtet In and carried off another grain of coin.” The kinglistened with unconquerable pa tience for six months more, when be again interrupted him- with; “Oh I ftlend! lam weary of yonr locusts* How soon do you think they will have done?” To which the story-teller made answer: M On I king, who can tell? At the time to which my story has come the locusrs have cleared a small space; it may be a cubit each* way round the hole, and the air is still dark with locusts on all sides. But let the king have patience, and no doubt we shall have come to the end of them in time-” Thus encouraged, the king listened on for another lull year, the story-teller going on still as before. 44 And another locust went in and carried off another grain of corn, and then another locust went iu and carded off another grain* of corn, and then another locust went in and* carried off another grain of corn, and then another locust went in aud carried off an other grain of corn, and then another locust went in and carried off- another grata of corn.” At last the poor king could stand it no longer, and cried out: 0 44 Oh, man, that is enough, take mv daugh ter! take my kingdom'! take anything, everything, only let me hear no more of the abominable locusts.” And so the story teller was married to the king’s daughter, aud was dcc?arcd heir to the throne, and nobody ever expressed a v ish to bear the rest of the story, for he sildr U was Impossible to come to the other part 01 it till he had done with the locusts. NEW ENGLAND NEWS. The special committee of tbe ProvMdcnco bity government has reported against tho Setition for tbe annexation of a portion of orlh Providence, containing 4,11 S inhabi tants and over $2,000,000 of taxable pro perty, to the city proper. Tbe addition would cost the city, above what it would receive from its taxes, $17,743 annually, Marriage is getting to be within tbe reach of all classes at Bath, Maine. They have a minister there who lately perlormed th*v ceremony for thirty-eight cents. ’ The Massachusetts “model school-house,” the bantling for the Palis exposition whose responsibility the Legislature shunned, h*s been completed at tho Wamesit steam milk . at Lowell, and will be paid for and forwarded 1 by a prominent Boston business firm. Tho building is thirty by sixty feet, and finished with all the latest improvements. The newly amended liquor law prohibits the sale of all intoxicating liquor.?, except cider, on penalty of thirty days’ imprison ment for tbe first offence and aixtv for the second. The Commissioners appointed bv the City Connell to consider the subject of the annex-* ation of the city ofßoxbury to Boston, has reported in favor of the project. The Montpelier (Vermont) correspondent of the Boston Journal writes that the “as- pects ol affairs at the unfortunate village of West Hartford is desolate in the extreme. I am told that yesterday only two owners of residences In that recently pleasant village were occupying them. All others, driven from their homes by the ravages of the recent flood, have songbt shelter elsewhere. The whole extent of the village, with the excep t!on above named, reveals only vast fields of Ice, shattered bnUd'mgs toppled from their foundations, broken fences, carnages, sleighs, farming utensils,- household furnlT lure, and the dead carcasses of horses, cat tle, sheep and hogs. It must be weeks, ii not months, before the waste can be re paired. Tbe mountains of ice are too much to be removed, except by the slow process of a warm sun. No such bitter calamity ever fell upon a Vermont village before.” A bell which aladyloßlddetord, England, sect toßidaeiord, Me., when the latter place was in Its infancy, and which was sold at Boston for Weight and storage and has re nmlned there ever since.' will probably at last be sent to its rightful destination, as tho people of Blddefurd arc making strong efforts to secure it. A man In Macbias, Me., becoming fied with his wife, called npon an auctioneer, and sold her and the furniture lu bis house at public auction. Before tbe next morning, however, the husband and wife made up their Doubles, and he relused to deliver her to the purchaser. A Boston actor had his clothes burned off with a turpentine thunderbolt, which de scended on a theatrical ship, of whica ho was the romantic and desperate commander, during a sheet-iron tsmirest. j. A Pittsfield, Mass., clao invested to quite an extent in the CrosQy Opera House enter prise,-und one of the tickets drew a painting, “valued at $300,” The painting is said to represent a view of the rapids near Mar quette, Wisconsin, and tbe fiame is probably worth $5, to say nothing of the other mate rial wasted. Hhede Island expended on her 515 schools, -last year, £.’51,003, an amount larger than ever before expended in a single year, and $50,565 more than during 18» 5. The great chandelier in tbeßoston Theatre weighs two tons and a half. The aggregate January receipts of the six prominent places of amusement at Boston were $73,421. The profits of the Black Crook are shown in the returns from the Continen tal Theatre, which increased from 57,150 m December to $10,120 In January. • The New England Conservatory of Music commenced operations at Boston. Monday, with 150 pupils, and expects 200 before the week is through. A company with a capital 0f5200,000 Is pc titionirg the Legislature for leave to pur chase and Improve Long Island, la Boston harbor, and to run a steamboat between the city and the Island, which it Is designed to make a place of summer residence and re soit. FOREIGN items. The London Times says that the Queen will hold during the season five Courts, and# that the number to each is limited to 200 ladies and gentlemen. . * There appears no doubt that the Duke of Edinburgh will Inaugurate the season by sailing his yacht Vikiog against Mr. Ben nett’s Henrietta. The match Is expected tP be round the Isle of Wight. "V The marriage is announced for April nextw of the daughter of Baron D. C; deßoihschiltl, Consul General of Bavaria, at Frankfort, to her cousin Baron N. de Ro* hschild, of Lon don, M. F., son of Baron Lionel.”' The Court Circular says; “We are very glad to be in a position* to confirm the an nouncement that the Prince of Wales will lor a portion of the-year take up his residency in Ireland. Though this has been deter mined on, the details connected with the event have not as yet been entirely decided upon.” A telegram from Copenhagen says: “It is understood that Prince John will leave here immediately for Athens, to undertake the duties of Kegent* during the absence oi the King, Immediately on his arrival King Georce will start upon bis visit to Copenha gen.” A number of establishments for polishing granite have recently been established in Glasgow, Scotland. Two hundred new omnibuses have been built in Paris on account of the coming Exp position. .. , , England has a Duke, who Is a capital vol unteer fireman, and a Marquis who spends his leisure as a volunteer policeman, arrest ing beggars and bringingvagabond children before the sittlcg magistrates. A short time ago he had ft hard tussle with a sturdy beg gar, and both were rolling In the mud to gether, when a regular policeman came to the assistance of the Marquis, and the pris oner was taken to Bow street. Bat the most brilliant and successfnl effort of English aris tocracy to redeem and embellish society has been effected by a noble orchestral band, tbo “Wandering Minstrels,” of which Hon. fceT mour Edgerten Is conductor. Under t.* patronage of' Royaltv and the nobility they give charily concerts in various parts of the Kingdom, with guinea tickets, and a great rush to see a noble lord playing first fiddle, and the heir to a dukedom puffing out nts checks at the trombene c£ophecleide. a blestc oblSfje' 1 * every time. , ... ={lt The Order of the Lion of Baden, richly get with diamonds, according to a corespond ent was recently sent to Count Bisnw who retted/with the remark stones were false. This led to an investiga tion which is now going on, from which it appears that this fraud has been earned on lor some time, so that a number of decorated individuals have paste instead of diamom^. Tbe Great Revolution. Speaking of the consequences of the re bellion, and the movement of public opin ion,the New Xork Merald justly observes: •‘lt is curious to note how the accidents of the war and the blunders of opposing poli ticians have assisted in the work of this ereat political revolution. A decisive de feat of the rebels at the first Cull Run might have saved Southern slavery In the collapse of the Jeff. Davis Confederacy. Had McClel lan succeeded at Richmond there would most likely have been no emancipation proclamation from President Lincoln. Ibdf Andrew Johnson, when called te tap his place, convened Congress for too legislative work of Southern reconstruction Instead of undertaking It himself, the htates concerned would doubtless have been re stored upon a half-way compromise on ne gro suffrage. Had those Slates followed to* example oi Tennesaee, they would now be»“ Congress on the same terms. Had the ocials in the House voted for this lost Mlg it came from the Senate they would ha>« = cured to the leading rebels the denied them, of assuring in respective Stales. As our failurei mTJP win defence of slavery brought ehoutut extirpation of slavery, so all our fifluies rSaffiSSSS^--