Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, March 3, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated March 3, 1867 Page 2
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Cljtcagc tribune. DAILY, TEI-TYESKLT AHD TT2EKLY. OFFICE, No. 31 CLAUK-ST. | Tbare arevtree «uqod> or <be Tnatnis unaL m. erexy morniae, for etreniation by camera, newsmen acutbenuUs. is. Tbetbi-Wzeclt, Mondays, WeO neHir* *afl Fncuyr, rer-tba-maUt onlyt'-acd tbe Wceklt, on Ttmrsdayß, fot tbe nails and sale at our Boaater-eadbT oeaemca." * Term* of the Cfalcaso Triba&e puty deQrcral is me city (t>er tree5)........* S 3 “ „ “ - “ ** • (per quarter)—. 3.53 Piliy, to Tsui tnbeenben (per actum, ptya* biclu advance) „ IS,OO Tn-Wcefclj.{per anromi"payable’i b oilfence ) "”h|6o weekly. (per umtua, payable Ic advance) ti.oo tW~ Fractional porta ot U» year as the same rate*. %m rer»ou remitting ananordeons ctb or moie tople* of either the TrlWeekly or Weekly edition*, may retain ten ptt cental the aabßcrtption price &i a Commlnlon. - - - ■ Notice to Subscribes!.—in ordering the address ol your papers changed. «o nreveai delay, be sure and Specify what edition yon take— noddy, Ttl-Weckly, Or Dally. Also, glTeyonrfßaEKiaodfßtareaddrtts fT Money, by Draft, Express. Money orders, or to Beglster«dLener«,Eiayb«seDtatoarzUE. TBIBCKE COm Chlcaeo. 11l SUNDAY, MARCH 8, ISS7. THE BECONSFBtJCTION VETO, Andrew faithful to the evil promptings of hTo nature, faithful to the con stitutional stupidity that characterizes his administration, has vetoed the Reconstruc tion Bill of Congress. He vetoed it against the advice of his best and most faithful coun stllore, against the wishes of the very party on which he relics for countenance and sup port, acalnst the unanimous will of the peo ple of the North, and, probably, the will of a majority of the people of the South. It is difficult to imagine how blindness, stupidity and sell-will could go further, or how the Chief Magistrate of a nation tculd evince a more open contempt of the people whom he professes to regard as the source of power. All that Andrew Johnson could do to prevent the return of the South ern States to the Union; all that he could do to thwart the avowed will of the nation ; a'l that he could do to crush the spirit of loyalty In the South, and to elevate the leaders In treason and rebellion to power, and to remand the loyal negroes to slavery, he did when he signed his name to that veto message. More than Ibis, he did all in his power tfl bring down upon his head in larger measure the indignation of the people, to alienate bis wisest and most sagacious friends, to disrupt the party that has thus far sus tained him, and to make himself a political Ishmacl, whose hand is against every man, and sgaicst whom, henceforth, will be every man’s hand. It is said that he seriously debated the question in his mind, whether he bad not better approve the measure, but that be was ditcired by the treacherous counsel of the Secretary ol State, and the doi’ghfaccd Secretary of the Treasury. L he really did intend at any time to sign the hill, it was because he became alarmed at tie power and determination of the loyal party of the country, and feared that the next Con gress would impeach him. And whatever hesitation he may have felt to adopt the course he at last pursued, can be atcritnted to no higher motive than a cowardly fear of merited retribution. Thanks to the firmness of the loya.’ party of the country, and to the fidelity )f Con gress, the news of the veto and the passage ol tbe'bill in spite of it, came over !he wires Irom the Capital at the same momtnt. The ink with which the President wrote his name was scarcely dry before the veto wis vetoed; and before the sun went down this great meas ure had become the law of tbe lane. Instead of changing or weakening the determination of Congress, the message seems to have strengthened it; for tbe bill originally re ceived but one hundred aud twenty-five votes in the House of Representatives, while yesterday it received one hundred and thirty five. This veto message and the fate it met, 1 may lie regarded as the finishing blow to ( wbat little weight and influence Andrew 1 Johnson has heretofore had ia the Govern* ‘ meat and among the people. The North, as - we have ali eady said, isaurit in favor of 1 this measure. The leading and intelligent * men of the so-called Democratic party sin. ] cercly desired its adoption, snd were anxious that the President shotld approve it- : In its success they saw the 'only ' practicable solution of the question of 1 reconstruction, and in its failure a continu* aucc of the same uncertainty and confusion ' that have proved so disastrous to the South. Rcvcrdy Johnson expressed the feelings of 1 every candid and enlightened man of his party when he stood up in the Senate jr»d avowed his purpose to voic for the bilL It Mr. Johnson had possessed ordinary sagacity he would have seen that to prolong the stiuggle with Congress on this question was rot only to fight a hopeless battle, but to drive from bim the few powerful men who have heretofore stood by him. So far os the South is concerned, we be lieve that no mean proportion of the white population known as rebels, will be glad that all donbt and suspense are at an end, and that a way has at lost been opened by which they can surely return to the Union, and establish a permanent gov* eminent, so indispensable to the restoration of order and prosperity in the South. Igno rance and passion will doubtless cry out against the plan as unjust, tyrannical and In tuiting; but the candid and reflecting men —men like Orr, of South Carolina, and Drown, of Georgia,—already see that it em bodies the only principles on which the South can ever be rescued from pov erty and misiule, and this belief will gradually but certainly grow and spread among the masses of the people. They must now confront the measure, not as a theory, not as something possible or probable In the future, but as a stem aud fixed fact from which there is no possible escape. So re garding It, they will gradually become rec onciled to it, and one or two elections will do more than decades of theorizing to uproot the prejudice against universal suffrage. But in speaking of “the people oi the South,” we must henceforth include the race so long down-trodden and despised, who, Judge Taney told us, had and coaid have no part or lot in the Government, and were not at all included in the phrase, “the people of the United States.” This bill enfranchises six hundred thousand loyal black men—men who have always been true to the Union, and did not hang back when Invitpd to fight under its banner—men who guided our armies, and fed our soldiers when flying from rebel pris ons—men who will henceforth vote to sup port the same principles for which they risked their lives on the battle-field. Therefore, when we estimate the reception this measure will meet in the South, we must not as has been tbe custom heretofore, inquire simply as to the views of the million white voters, bnt wc mnet also seek to know the opinions of the six hundred thousand block voters. It is safe tosay that they will give to this measure a unanimous support. It is scarce- 1 ' ly less certain that with the hundred and filly thousand unconditional loyal white population of the Southern States, and the still larger number who will willingly acqni escc in this plan as tbc best they can expect, the friends of tbc new Reconstruction BUI form an actnal majority of the people in tbe ten insurrectionary States. Thus, happily, the great questionof recon struction may be regarded as at last settled, and settled, as wc believe, to the entire sat isfaction of a vast majority of the people of the United States. As it is beyond the power so doubtless it is foreign to tbc wishes of the so called Democratic party to disturb it. The plan rests on tbe sore and solid foundation ol eqnal civil and political rights, irrespective of color or condition. All men arc made equal before tbe law, and suffrage and representation go with taxation and allegiance. And no man call ing himself a Democrat can advocate any thing less than impaitial suffrage ahd equal rights, without shameful and manifest stultification. -Ever since tho overwhelm ing verdict of tbe people, at the polls last fall, the thinking men of the Democratic party have secretly desired the enactment of just such a reconstruction bill as Con gress has passed, and not a few of them have openly advocated the leading princi ples of this great measure of justice, peace and reconciliation DEFEAT OF THE GAS BILL. The failure of the Gas BUI to become a law is a matter of serious consequence to the people of Chicago. And we regret to find the names of Senator Ward and Repre sentative Taylor so conspicuously involved in contributing to the defeat of this impor tant measure. According to the report of the Chairman of the Citizens’ Committee, published in yesterday’s 7 bibujje, they have made themselves responsible in a large de gree for the continuance of the most onerous and oppressive monopoly which is now im posed upon ns, and their course upon this question, as the matter now appears to stand, will receive the severe disapproval of the people. In the shape In which the hill was present ed for the action of the Legislature, it seems difficult to understand how any member of the Legislature who was influenced only by honest nod lair motives could possibly op pose it; for not only was the bill not to be come a law until after a fall investigation a majority of the people should have voted for it, but even after so adopted by the peo ple, it left the question of the city’s enter ing upon the manufacture and supply of gas entirely optional with the City Council, and authorized the city to enter Into a contract with the Gas Companies, if they could make one upon the fair and reasonable terms pre scribed in tbe bill. Was Senator Ward entitled to assume that the people of Chicago could not be sately entrusted with-the power to decide thW mat ter for themselves ? - —, : Was he nnwlUlogiliat .the people whom . he represented should be famished with any J of 'protecting themselves from the extortions and impositions of the Gas Com* panics? . The.cxteat.of the injury .wElch” has jbeen done-,to our people'"hy-the "defeat of this - bill,— is appreciated by few to its tail measure. Few aic aware that in the last year (1800) (he consumption .of. gas lq. onr city exceeded -250,000,000 of .feet —and__tbat during the present year (1867) It will probably exceed ' ; >00,000,000 feet—and that a reduction of only a dollar per* thousand from the present . high rates would make a difference of about. $300,000 in a'singlo year, and in the .course" of three years would amount to-over one million dollars.' | Our citizens arc now charged per thousand. The entire cost of the amount consumed durine: 2867 will not fall much short of a. million dollars. The present price is believed to he extortionate. - . The recent experience at Cincinnati shows the great advantage which the passage of this bill wonld have given to the ' city in compelling the Gas Companies to come to fclr terms. In that city, by a vote of the people,, the City Council were authorized to buy out the Gas Works II they should deem It expedient. The question Is new before the Common Council of that ci>y, whether the city shall purchase the works or shall contract with the Gas Company- The effect ofthc possession of this power by the city is that while the Gas Company in that city has all along been charging $3.25 per thousand, they now offer to contract to. famish it at $2.25 per thousand, although the price of labor aud materials Is not es sentially reduced. . ( If the Gas Bill proposed by Mr. Lamed had become a law, oar city could, in like manner, have forced an equal or greater re duction from the Gas Companies here, and saved our citizens more than a quarter of a million of dollars iu a single year. , But in Cincinnati, in spite of this offer of the Gas Company, there is a strong public feeling in favor of the city assuming the works, and in a recent article in the Cincin nati Tints of Feb. 25th, the policy of con tracting- with the Gas Company, even at this reduced rate, 'ls strongly condemned, aud the writer undertakes to demonstrate that that city can by Uking tbe works, even as against this re duetd price, make an aunool saving of over $4W,000. What the actual cost of a thousand feet of gas is is a matter which it Is not easy to ar rive at with entire certainty, for the reason that those best able to give correct Informs- 1 lion arc not disposed to disclose It. In the report of the committee appointed by tbe City Council of Boston to Investigate ! his subject,where the Investigation was con ducted by able counsel on both sides, and upon sworn testimony, the committee say in Lbcir report that Mr. Greenougb, the Trea surer of the Boston Gas Light Company, was -sked what a thousand cubic feet of gas ac tually cost that company, but he peremptorily refined to answer.” Mr. C. C. Salisbury, a witness of large ex perience in the business, testified that the cost to the Manhattan Company, New York, did not exceed SI.BB per thousand on a basis of sll a ton for coal; also that gas was furnished consumers in Loudon and Liver pool at about four shillings ($1) per thou sand. Mr. Bobbin*, another witness, who had charge of the manufacture of the gas used in the Massachusetts House of Correction, testified that with coal at $9.00 tbe cost of gas to that institution, on a consumption of only 140,000 feet was only sl.36perthousand, with no allowance for coke or coal tar. The article in the Cincinnati Times, before referred to, states that the Gas Company in Pittsburgh famish gas to private consumers at SI.GO per thousand, and to the city at To cents, and that at these figures that com pany have made regular ten per cent divl (lends, and are accumulating a surplus fund, and thta upon an annual consumption of only about one hundred million feet, or . About one-third the consumption of this city for the present year, and that the net cost to tbe G&s Company for the gas furnished private consumers was cents & thousand. It further appears from a statement fur nished in the same paper, that in eighteen cities of Europe where gas is furnished by private companies, the average cost to.tbc people is $2.26 per thousand, and $1.30 for the public gas, while ia eight cities which own their own gas works the average cost is $1.55 per thousand , and less than $1 for public gas, show ing a difference of 65 cents per thou sand, or over thirty per cent, in favor of city ownership. Tlnse facts, together with the very signi ficant act above stated, that the Cincinnati Gas Company has offered to furnish at a re duction of $1 per thousand below presort prices rather than have the city buy them cut, shows of how much importance toourrity tbe proposed bill would have been. There was in our opinion nothing be lore tb( Legislature which so materially af fected oir interests. There has been an ef fort maib by the Gas Companies, both here and clsevhere, to make toe public believe that the experience in Philadelphia,, where the city orn the Gas Works, has been un :avorablc to the system of city ownership. Wc have tiken some pains to inquire into this, and find that there is no ground whatever fir any such conclusion. The Gas Works iu Philadelphia are managed by a Board of Trustees who are paid no salary, and tbe syitcm is unfavorable to careful overeightard management, and has admit ted of manyabuses, but tbe investigating committee appointed by the Council in iB6O, tolooHuto these abuses, while they agree that tie system of Trustees should be abolished, report unanimously against tnrulns tbe jusiness over to private manage ment, and an of the opinion it should remain a departmentol the City Government. The following is at extract from their report: “The interests of the city and the comfort and re* lief of the conmonity require that this trust should be abolihed, and the Oas Works be male a department ol the city. While it is btliered private parties cm be toond to take them with all their encumbraices. give the city. If not its limit tor uothioc. certanlf at cost, and relinquish to U the entire amonntinvestcd In the Sinking Fond— ncarb one and a tdf million of dollars—stipulating, also, nol to pnt gas at a higher rate to private con sumers than two ddlars per thousand cubic fee*.- the committee do mtfeet disposed to recommend the muciapal abanlonmentof the worsts, which, if properly managed, will prove a profit to the city of at least half amllUon dollars annually to the public treasury.” If the cost of (as in this city does not exceed $1.50 per thousand, and we believe that estimate is at least twenty-five cents too high, then $2 per thousand would yield a very satisfact9ry profit to the compa nies, and a reduction \o this rate would save our city during the piesent year nearly half a million of dollars. These figures give some idea of the magni tude of this interest, and of the extent of the damage which the defeat of this measure has occasioned our people. Senator Ward has inflicted a heavy blow upon the best interests of our city and peo ple, and, so far as we are able to see, without reason, excuse or justification. This Is a measure too important to be sur rendered. The agitation on the subject must be kept up. The people must look to it, tnat at the coming charter election, Aldermen shall be elected who will be faithful to the Interests of the city and the citizens, who will not enter into any new contracts with the Gas Companies for a longer term than two-years, and at the next session of the General Assembly the people must send -epresentatives who who will see to it that this hill which has been defeated shall be come a law. The present contract expires in May, ISS9. Id the meantime the Connell may proceed to appoint the Commission to investigate the whole subject, and if no new contract is entered into with the Gas Companies for a longer term than two years, the city can, before that time expires, possess the needful powers .and be in a condition to protect the public interests. It is needfnl, however, that the public should pay careful attention to the action of the Common Connell, and not permit the Gas Companies to get the control of a majority of the Aldermen. Let none but true and trusty men, who are reliable on this question, he elected to the Council at the coming municipal election, and all will yet be right. THE BOABD OF Pl/BblO WORKS. The constitutionality of tlic action of the changing the tenure of office and the mode of appointment of the mem bers of the Board of Public Works is, it is rumored, to be tested by the appeal of ono or more of the present Incumbents to the Courts. Wc can hardly think there is any thing serious in this proposition. The Board of Public Works was created by an act of the Legislature, and the term of of fice, and the mode of appointing the mem bers, established by the same law. Previous to that time, there were Boards of Water Commissioners and Sewerage Commission ers. The Legislature abolished these Boards, or consolidated them, and in their place provided for a new Board, to bo called the Board of Public Works. All the members of the two old Boards were legislated oat of office, to make toom for the new Board, and now the new Board is treated lu the same way. If the Legislature had the power to create such a Board, it had the authority to abolish it. There is an attempt to draw a distinction between the power to abolish an office, and the power to change the mode of electing or appointing the officer. There is nothing substantial in this distinction. The power to create, as well as tho power to abolish, a municipal office, exists In the State all its other power exists, not prohibited or denied by the Constitution of the United Stales or of this State. The power to create and abolish includes the power to alter or change. The power to establish a charter for the city of Chicago In eludes the power to amend that charter; '•nd the power to amend'that charter cer ■alnly includes the power to change the mode of appointment, and the .term of office, of those elected under the charter. I To contend thaj* there (s no poorer Ini the. Legislatme to change ' the modo'of appoints ment oftbe members of the Board ofPublic Works, or change the term of office until the close of the term for which the members were elected, would be to claim perpetuity for the Board.,,.One..member Is elected eyery, twoyears, and fora term of-sir-years; and act^jrdingto-thc by tbe friends »/ the*preeent-lncambcnta,-tUo Board would have to be let run down to one member,.and "untilthe end of his term’,'before there could be any change made.. ■ • i This matter has been judicially determined by a series of well-considered cases, and we hardly think tbe > members oftbe present Board will listen to any suggestion to hold on to offices from which they have been re moved, arbitrarily it may be, but neverthe less legally. Such proceedings. will have a tendency to confirm In many minds ; the truth of the suggestion at present only faintly accepted by the general public, that a radical change In that Boaru was a matter of duty. • FLOG6ING IN SCHOOLS. Thevexed question whether the rod should be tolerated in our public schools, seems likely again to be re-opened, and It is to be hoped that it may now be decided once for all. During the last nine months the verb JiageUarc-~ to flog, flogging, flogged—has been conjugated In the public schools of Boston, through all Its various moods, tenses, participles, gerunds and supines, on tbo tender bodies of the young;, aud a New York paper complains that so many in-, stances' arc every week coming to light, in. which young boys and girls are cruelly pun ished by their teachers, that It Is necessary for the law to interfere and put a stop to this form of discipline. In England, tbo rod has always been popular, and a . schoolmaster ’ without this badge ot authority, would he like a Roman lictor without his fasces, ora monarch with out his sceptre. It is but a few generations since a succession, of venerable pedagogues proclaimed the doctrine that the seeds ol in struction could not possibly come to maturi ty, U the mind was not prepared for their re ception by ploughing the body; and, to make sure of the matter, they always gave the, lat ter a good harrowing after the sowing was over. Id Scotland, flagellation was once so popular that it was regarded, not only in the schools, hut elsewhere, as the best sys tem of Mnemonics. When the boundaries between the lands of two proprietors were determined, and “march” stones set up,, it was customary to collect all the little chil dren and flog them soundly at the stone, that tbe evidence of It and its place might be preserved as long as any of them lived. The opinions, however, even of British educators, have differed concerning the rod. Gruff old Dr. Johnson, who scowled upon all innovations, was wont to say of tbo aboli tion of corporal punishment, that “whatj the boys pained thereby at one end, they lost at tbe other.” . In the estimation of such old fogies, the young idea can be taught to shoot only on the breech-loading principle., On the other hand, the celebrated Tory divine, Dr. South, denouncing as long ago as tbe time of Charles 11,, those who enforce every command by the use of unguentum baculinwn , or vulgarly, “oil of birch,” says that It is fit only for such boys as “carry their brains in their backs, and have not soul cnongb to keep their bodies from putrefaction.” The truth may be between these extremes; yet it is a well-known fact that the most skilful and successful teachers usually find other ways of making boys smart, ana rarely use the argument a posteriori. We would bo the last to en courage insubordination in a pupil, or to weaken tbe rains of authority In a teacher; hut we do know that there are many ways of effectually managing children and compelling obedience to any reasonable regulation of tbe school, without indicting disgrace npou their moral natures, aud humbling that pride of. character which is a necessary stimulant to manly exertion. There are some teachers whose very eye and motion, whose voice aud manner awe a whole school into dead silence. They govern apparently without effort—there Is no excite ment, agitation, or bustle, about them; they touch the machine, and it ia instantly la ac tion ; with their strictest discipline, they win the love of their pupils, and the most terri ble blows they inflict fall on the heart. But once disgrace with the lash a boy who is capable of understanding the common branches of education, and be is no longer the same being. If be is a youth of fiery temper, be will be rendered callous to the finest, most delicate, and most effectual mo tives to excellence, which spring out of the sensitiveness to shame, and, at last, rebel lious, stubborn, and incurably obstinate, while, if he Is ef a nobler cast of character, he will bo cowed and debased, or perhaps even irrecoverably stultified. On the whole, therefore, we regard the use of the rod—ex cept in extreme cases—as a species of barbar ism unbecoming a refined age ; and we are surprised to see that, while a war of exter mination Is waging against so many wcll-for liflcd abuses In education, this is gaining favor again in our schools. Horace Maun, we thought, had scaled its fate some twenty ycais ago, when, championing a milder form of discipline, he so Inconsistently flogged tbe “thirty schoolmasters”, of Massachusetts. There never was a more successful teacher, or a more effective disciplinarian, than Dr. Arnold, and the secret of his success lay not in the use of tbe rod, —for, at the outset of his career, he determined to dispense with it or change his calling—but in the policy, which be adopted on the day he took charge of the school at Rugby, of treating the boys like gentlemen and reasonable beings. They were put upon their honor, and because he trusted them the boys declared, “It is a shame to tell Arnold a lie, because he be lieves youand thus the axe was at once put to the root of the inveterate practice of lying to the master. 'When reprimanding a boy, which he did apart from tbe culprit’s fellows, he did not scold, but made the boy feel that bis teacher was grieved and troubled at his wrong doing. Tbe hoys saw in him, not a solemn peda gogue, or dignified ecclesiastic, whom they were templed to dupe, or Into whose ample wig javelins of paper might with impunity he darted, hut a spare, active, determined man—a man thoroughly in earnest, acute, and not easily deceived—who was not only a scholar hut a gentleman, who expected them to behave as the eons of gentlemen. By these aud other means, his biographer tells us, the standard of Intelligence wat incalcu lably raised, and tbe school, as a place of education in its wider sense, became in finitely more efficient. All teachers arc not Arnolds; hut the principles on which ho act ed are deep-seated in human nature, and will produce everywhere similar fruits. £sfThe Detroit Post, a prohibition advo cate, In an article in favor of making a high tariff higher says; “ Every dollar we lessen tho demand for goods imported, increases the proportion that toreign producers are obliged to pay, of oar tariff. When mere is no home competition, and there is no exti a supply—then the consumer pays tho tax.” Congress has been practising on this ab surd theory for the past six or seven years. In 1800, the tariff was less than twenty per cent. It has since then been increased ten times, and it now averages fifty-sir per coot, or almost three times as ranch as six years ago. Have wc lessened the demand for foreign goods, or increased the demand for domestic goods by these ten additions to tho tariff? No, not a dollar. The {amount of foreign goods imported last year under this enormous tariff, exceeded by nearly a hund red millions the largest importation of any year under a low tariff. Can the Post ex plain this fact? As a fifty-six per cent, tariff has afforded no more “ protection” in the way of excluding foreign goods, or In creasing the demand for domestic fabrics, then the previous twenty per cent tariff, has not the American consumer paid the tax? Most certainly, and if the tariff shall be in creased to seventy or eighty per cent, the consumer will continue to pay the tax as under all previous tariffs, whether low or high. There is no “protection” in high tax ation, but just the reverse. misnamed “ Protectionists,” hut really dcslrnctionists, admit that an increase of tariff on manufactures increases the cost of all similar domestic commodities; but they affirm that the prices of agricultural products are advanced in an equal degree, and hence the farmer is benefited by a high tariff to the same extent as the speculator or manufacturer. Is this true? The Tariff Bill before Congress which has just been defeat ed, added about thirty per cent to tho whole range of dutiable imports, and, if It had passed, would have been followed by an im mediate advance in tbo price of all kinds of store goods to correspond with the increase of duties. Has any advocate of that bill the hardi hood or effrontery to assert that the price of wheat, flour, corn, pork, beef, cattle, hogs, rye, barley, cotton, or tobacco, would also have advanced thirty per cent upon the pas sage of the bill ? Certainly not. And for the very sufficient reason that the prices of those staples are fixed and controlled by the European markets. And jet, unless the price of agricultural products shall advance partpansu with the increased cost of “store goods,” the farmers must necessarily be the losers. This seems too plain for argument or even quibble. Tickets tor Heaves.—Just now there are sold in Paris and elsewhere, email packets of cards purporting to be tickets for Heaven, "billtli <f entrte pour l« dri." Tbe> are published by au thority, to-wit, by C. LatalUe, Edlteur Pouliflcale, Hue Garondcrc, Paris, and consist ot sixteen em bossed cards, on each side of which la au engrav ing depleting tbe particular mode of reaching Heaven, for wbicb that ticket is good. NEW YORK. x • -r ; ■ ,\ Women In the Lecture Room. Woman’s Place and Work in Modem Society. A Plea for the Sex. Ansa Dickinson’s lost lecture on “ Something to Do.” Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s Appeal for Suffrage. rSped&l Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] New York, February 27. ANNA. DICKINSON. A few evenings ago I went to hear Anna Dickinson lecture about “Something to Do,” and once more I heard her with disappoint* ment; for once more I saw that the coming woman bad not jet come. Cooper Institute was filled with an intelligent audience, who cave the lecturer a warm welcome, and often interrupted her remarks with laughter and applause. People listened with atten*' tlon; much shaking of heads allowing the truth of much : assertion, an oc casional murmur of “That’s so”.showing that the subject under discussion was not beyond men’s comprehension. I was dis appointed, because the lecture was unsatis factory. I laughed several times, I applaud ed os often; I was offended oftener—not be cause the speaker was a woman, for from it, Anna Dickinson’s greatest virtue is her .pluck.. For a woman to go out of the ordi nary social ruts, and assert her right to her own individuality, requires an amount of moral courage which those only can appre ciate who, being women, have less conspicu ously endeavored to lead independent lives. As a nioneer, Anna Dickinson commands re spect. The regard, bestowed,upon hbr is similar to that accorded to 'Harriot Hosmer.. Both have done incalculable goed to their sex, in possessing sufficient force of character to hew out a path which future generations can thread. This will, however, no more make the one a great scnlptor than the other a great orator. PUBLIC SPEAKING. On this occasion Anna Dickinson almost disarmed criticism by stating that what she said would be commonplace to many women present. That is just It. What she said was commonplace, and, as Anna Dickinson right ly and bravely wishes to stand or fall on merits that are irrespective of sex and youth, so is she now criticised. As a speaker she gives little evidence of Im piOvemcnt. She has not yet learned how to manage her voice. In this, however, she U by no means exceptional, .very few‘men knowing the meaning of oratory. Pitching her voice on a high key, probably in order that all may hear, her lecture la one sustain ed monotone that very soon becomes Insup portable to a sensitive car. .Modulation, Inflexion, tbo easy colloquial tone which renders Wendell Phillips so delightful a speaker, are nowhere laid down in her philosophy ; yet tbe two have been com pared and sometimes to the disparagement of Wendell Phillips. I’d as soon compare a mocking-bird with a nightingale. One is uncultured, tbo other is a scholar; one is an apprentice, the other Is an artist. One Is an ungraceful speaker, and tbe other Is’ the greatest orator In America. In diction Anna Dickinson Is cxcedingly faulty. No less than four times lost night she employed the very inelegant expression '“in our midst,” and indulged in an affected use of “thou” and “thee” when “you” would have been infinitely better. Tbe cheapest sort of eloquence Is denunciation,audit is this in which Mils Dickinson excels. She can ridi cule and annihilate, apresle deluge. Generally she is best at the beginning of her lectures, as her cause is always just, and her mother wit too keen not to furnish a certain amount of ammunition. 'When her cartridge-box is empty, which catastrophe happens about onc-balf hour before tbe conclusion of her remarks, instead of charging with the bayo net oflogic, Miss Dickinson falls back upon sentimentality. This sbe did thcothcr night. There could not bo a weaker de fence, nor one that is more unpalata ble to educated men and women. She is not an artist, and, therefore, cannot work up a subject; she has uo imagination, and, therefore, can not make a peroration. Miss Dickinson’s speeches arc, m conse quence, very poor reading. AN APPLICATION. If any woman went to tbe Cooper Insti tute the other night to get something to do, and to learn how to do it, that woman must have gone home disheartened. Perhaps, however, I am asking too mnch of Mias Dickinson. Agitation is better than stagna tion, and if her capacity be limited to agita tion, why demand what she can not give? It is something to pull down. The long and short of her lecture on “Something to Do” is, that women arc foully dealt with by society and by law; that up and down tbe land tbe cry of the human is heard pro ceeding from parlor and attic, and that it is time tbe wails were silenced by a long de layed justice that, sooner or later, must come. She bade women to struggle on bravely and be of good cheer. That is well, but whcic is the good cheer for those who see no way of earning their bread and butter ? Such may thank Miss Dickinson for hersym pathy, but they certainly are no wiser after her lecture than they were before. Anna Dickinson possesses an animal magnetism that takes hold of the masses; she is elo quent, in that sbe can make hir audience laugb and cry, and sbe can tell a plain, un varnished tale la a way to appeal to earnest men and women. One wishes that she were more womanly in the best sense of the word; t.that she possessed more dignity, that she were Jess pert, that she were more con ciliating in manner and did not so often border upon tbe “scold.” A speaker need not be dictatorial to be strong, and It is this dictation which causes men to turn deaf ears to really sen sible remarks. If Miss Dickinson would occa sionally put on kid gloves and rather in sinuate than attempt to pound tbo truth into obstinate heads, woman’s cause would thrive better. Her mission can best be ac complished by touing down her matter and polishing her manner. ELIZABETH CADT STANTON. A very different lecture was that ol Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton on “ Reconstruc tion,” delivered at Brooklyn while Anna Dickinson was appealing to the conscience of New York. New York was told of the existence of a disease with which it has been long acquainted. Brooklyn was told in strong, forcible language, of the remedy for that disease. Airs. Stanton demands the ballot for women. “ Does the North consider it absurd for its women-to vote and bold office? So views the South her negroes. Docs the North con sider its women a part of the fhmfly to be represented by tbo white male citizen? So views the South her negroes. ***** ‘The ballot,* says Senator Sumner, 'is the columhiad of our political power, aod every citizen who has it, is a full-armed Monitor.* It is in no narrow and selfish, or captions spirit that we, at this hour, press woman’s claim to the ballot, but that wc may thus cud all class and caste legislation which forsakes the Republican idea and sets a false example to the nations of tho earth. ***** Now why is it that the rights of every type of white men are so securely protected, while no safeguards are thrown around those of women? Simply because he holds the bal lot. That Is the secret of his safety, and that is the reason why to-day I demand tbo ballot. It Is necessary for the protection and elevation of woman. Shall Senators tell me in tbelr places,that I have no need of the ballot, when forty thousand women io the city of New York alone are corning their daily bread at starving prices with the nee dle, and below these, in the lower depths, is a mighty multitude over whose follies and crimes society draws the veil of forgetfulness, or, be fore that inscrutable problem stands hardened and appalled ? You are legislating on our several evils. ***** I tell you, my brothers, it is too big a problem for you to settle alone. ***** if wo men knew what they could do with the bal lot, none of them would say they did not care to vote. We may make our homes beautiful, but our children must go out at , some time Into the outer world, ana, has the mother no Interest In plucking the thorns from tbo path which tbelr young feet must so soon tread? 1 am not willing to trust our legislative interests wholly to man. Man is the representative of justice and the woman of mercy. Wo want the mother’s love in the outer world, as well as in the home. I demand the ballot for woman, not only because It is her right, but her necessity. A disfranchised class is always a degraded class. ***** Fear not, ye ol little faith. Woman Is held in her sphere by the same immutable law which holds the fish in the sea, the bird in: tho air aud the planet in its prescribed orbit; and after these false customs are all swept away, woman will rise up in her native strength and dignity, and be woman still.” Such are a few of the strong points of Mrs. Stanton’s speech, which, has a well vertebra ted back bone running through its entire length. It Is food for legislators. That two women should have spoken in behalf of tbelr sex on the same night Is a fact of no little significance, and one that denotes the ten dency of modem thought. In England it is the most Intellectual women who.demand the right of suffrage. Here, soclcty'ls afraid of the subject, and dare not make its pro-- test. The difficulty with most female speakers Is that their self-assertion and ag gressive attitude frightens their own sex and disgusts men, who Immediately reduce strong-minded women down to two classes—Shrews and Bloomers. It is absurd to be a Bloomer—it is weak-minded to be a shrew. A woman, to properly represent her sex and appeal to man’s best nature, must be thoroughly a lady, endowed with womanly grace and with the Vonderful tact tba.ls-*o peculiarly fem loiiie ftjd so neatly alHed togenlus. Smart 'aayiDjia.vrtort laughter; they “faring down the house” and fewtpe&ken can resist the temptatlonof sinking to'thelevd of their audience, rattier thanessiylng the note dif ficult and thankless talk of/elovatlig audi ences to-tliclrhelghf. . Bat the goodflgfct is not to ho fought* wlfh common weapois. A Damascus blade is cecded, than which loth- Ing Is more cutting—but the temper is >uro and perfect. “Aurora Leigh,” with "jer big brain and Ine. womanly love, dote more Ibr real wtman’s rights’ than all tin women of Amerlcapurtogether. ’-K.T. ’ THE WORLD OF AMUSEMEHT. Haste,: literatriw, / Drama |and j• i • fashions. ' ' ' ’• • ASenoba to-tbe EXftUbmrmonle Survi vor*—Tl»e rlfiht kind ot Rbislc for tbe Crook In Preparation—Bistort mu} her next Chicago Campaign—Sleeping in Cbnrcb—An Innovation on Few Sold :en-Delebee of ibc Practice— court Plaster and Bonn* Toed Boots—Reg ulations forKoang Ladle*—Hoarding , and ttellgfons Soirees—lVow novels musical Intelligence, ’ Chicago, March 3 To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: The charming concert given on ‘*rtday evening by that crowd of good fel 1 '^ 8 *! Germania Jlmnncrchor, affords “® ft f° r a musical sermon which I wo* 6 P to the surviving relatives oft 1 ® i®t® lamented Philbannonlc Society, that la—that se verely classical mnsirtatist be given to; the chosen few, brlili«nt popular music to the many. The concert on Friday: evening was a success every way, for the programme was varied and brilliant, full of sparkling duos, terzettos, quartettes and choruses, played and sung with case, spirit and that musical abandon which is so essential to successful performances. Take the Sunday*afternoon concerts again at the Turner Hall. Last Sunday the pro gramme wa? very brilliant, embracing well worked up fantolsies and pot-pourris on operatic themes, choice overtures and the brilliant light music of Qnngl, Strams and Labitsky; ana most certainly the orchestra— the same orchestra by tbe way which has played daring the Philharmonic season— never has exhibited so much spirit, or such superb playing. We must have two classea of music lor two classes of people—the music of Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Mozart, Glnck and Buch for tho one; the music of Aubtr, the Riccis, Kcissiger, Labitsky and tho modern masters of light music for the other. Tho one must gratify the lovers of art, tho other, the lov ers of amusement. These lines of distinc tion arc sharply drawn in New York and Boston. Why not here ? A symphony in a popular concert will bo no more appreciated than a sermon in a clicns. Therefore, if the survivors of the PhDhar monlc Society are wise, they will do one of two things next winter. Either give clas sical music lu. chamber concerts, carefully and conscientiously prepared to those, who can appreciate it, or give lighter music, in popular concerts, to the people, making the concerts open to all at a reasonable price. There is success in either of these modes. There is failure In an attempt to unite them, as witness the fiasco of the present season. ' As It is, our best music to-day is in Turner Hall, where, crowned with smoke and the ambrosial beer, you caa’t distinguish Vans from the frescoed Jove behind him, or the rest of the orchestra from the festive gods and goddesses grouped around the Thun derer; where tbe buzz of Teutonic sociality is only interrupted by the saline pretzel and the mantling Hochheimer; where everybody is at home with all the children, and every thing but good feeling is eschewed. Once more tbe theatres give little or noth ing to record of special interest. The serene Colonel ‘Wood quietly fills the bouse and h!s strong box to the great delight of bis Fat Woman and Prussian Giant and 200,000 other curiosities. Bryant has been .doing well at McVicker’s and will be succeeded by Vest vail “the magnificent.” Mac himself goes to Kcw York this week to make prepara tions for bringing tbe Black Crook here, which is to give brother Hatfield and mysell a great deal of trouble. IVc fonght the French Spy with a great deal of verve and esprit, hut what we are going to do with tbe Legion oi Cupids, and Nymphs, and Satyrs, Bacchanals, Fauns and Sirens, clad in grace and beauty instead of bald nastiness, puzzles us somewhat. As the Crook, however, will not be represented until about the first of June, it will give us ample time to look about as and map out our campaign. The cosmopolitan Do Vivo has been in town during tbe last week, and tells me that J. Grau, who is still riding on the top wave of fortune, smiling as a lark and mak ing music with tbe ducats In his pocket, will be here, March 28, wlllT Rlstori, and will probably give Mary Stuart, Elizabeth, Pba'drc and Lady Macbeth, and may give a night In Indianapolis, Milwauktc, Buffalo and other quiet villages la the Interior, pro vided they can make the backs ol the Induce ments green enough. lam usually of a very philosophical tem perament, and preserve my equilibrium with a wonderful degree of succeis. 1 cun resist even the blandishments of-be tax collector and never get up to bolUny points, as it re quires too much effort, tut 1 have at last fuiicd to retain my composure, and I have failed because an unfortiuatc Irishman wan dered into a church it Rhode Island and went to sleep, and wassent to jail ten days, not for going to ehurch, but for going to sleep, lie was not driink. He did not even snore. He simply went to sleep like a good Christian. And this innovation upon the ancient rights of pew holders, and especially of strangers wai submitted to without a murmur by the parishioners I Now, If wo are going to establish prece dents about sleeping in church, wouldn’t it be well to reverse the order of things? For instance, send every minister who cannot keep his bearers awake to jail for ten days. Or, send every architect who builds churches without meins of vcntillation, to Jail for the same length of time. If lamto be deprived of my customary nap at tbe head of my pow, wby, then, I must go where preachers are less somnolent; or stay at homo aid take my nap, and thereby diminish the revenues of the church. And If all the heads which nod assent so vigorously to the preachers’ prem ises, arc to be deprived of their siestas, what w ill become of the preachers ? Does good old Deacon Jones, who always wakes up in time to pass the contribution box, intend to en courage this slate ol things ? Docs good sis ter Jones, who drowses Just a trifle in spite of her smelling bottle, vote in favor ofit? I never heard of but one man before who was punished for sleeping in church, and that was Eutychus, I believe, who was sitting In au open window and falling Into a deep sleep had a worse fall than that by hilling out of the window. Now Eutychus was a very foolish young man to go to sleep in an open window, and deserved his punishment for his stupidity, hut there is little danger of any one suffering in tha t manner now-o-days, for au opcu window lu a church is as rare as a church without a contribution box or an oyster supper. In another respect this sleep ing In church is a compliment to the minis ter. It indicates that his congregation are satisfied with tbe soundness of his doctrines and ore willing to trust him alone. Suppose Brother Ryder should preach eternal damna tion, or Brother Hatfield should announce universal salvation, or Brother Tattle should advocate tbe elevation of the Host, would their parishioners do much sleeping ? Not much! I feel for that unfortunate Milesian. I feel that In bis punishment landmarks are being swept away, and that an old established usage, sanctified by the experience of im memorial ages is being overturned. Some of our belles, I notice, are reviving the somewhat obsolete fashion of wearing little black bits of court-plaster on the fhee, Lard by the cheek dimples, and sometimes on the chin, I suppose, to set off the face by contrast with the whiteness of the skin. It is an abominable practice, but It is of no use to argue against it because it is the fash ion, and if fashion decrees that lovely woman shall wear hoops outside of her dress, rings in her nose and t&ttoolngs on her forehead, lovely woman will go and dolt. Mr. Lo, the poor Indian, will wear everything on his person that the white man gives him, wheth er it be a coal scuttle, gridiron, woshtub or black-and-tan dog. Lovely woman will follow fashion just as closely. Round toed boots are coming Into vogae again, tapering almost to a point, which is an exaggeration of style. Unquestionably the 100 of the boot should conform os nearly as possible to the shape of that part of the foot, but unquestionably they don't. The curve Is the line of beauty. Anything that departs from it, os in square toes and pointed toes, is a barbarity ; but man is as bad as woman, and if the toe of his boot resembles the snout of the hog, let him remember it is the fashion. , . T In moralizing upon the duties of life, X have come to the following proprieties which oil young indies con follow with safety, and they are these: 1 It Is always well to cry at weddings, to show yonr sympathy with the Interesting youngTreotnre who Is tying herself to tho 0 " rC ’lt is proper, when asked to favor tho company, to say that you are oat of practice “tavoW shocking cold. At the same time prodncoajwiof dre!iafal younger ~ off to bed before Augustas comes. T wion y'n go to Palmer's It will be have Mn go with you, as she Is a , , rt(re of raw material, and will save Mr lVmcr tho trouble of sending home the at a bug and yell at a cow. c! The best time to esk Pa for greenbacks pretty "thing to do to turn round and look after other 'young ladies in the street.* , 8. If yon *’ must Wnt, choose a good place. ' ! . v 9. Eat Delicate cake and caramels in pres ence of company, het save'your favorite cabbage and beans.for your privacy.' Next week I shall have some rales for yonng men. I take at interest in the yonng. I was once yonng my|elf. They know how to Syc in Paris. Among the novelties there arc mourning and relig gons soirees. The former are - given to com memorate the death of friends. You arc not expected tp have ah Irish wake or a dismal howl, ‘bat •yoar‘H:tle flirtations are just Ringed with a delicious sadness, much as An . Delia’s harrow margin of black round her Undkerchiel marks the death of some dis tant cousin. Yon do not ask for the' honor of lancing with your but you say; “At«ri-/e Vhvnnmr a ,etUe doulournue occa sion I” Your partner accepts with a smile, sparkling through a (ear. It l/so pretty I BpJ the religions soirees are prettier. In ol tborpomisa handsome little albr.’ A rosy yonng priest makes hU tearance attired a la mode. *“ ottlcß a /isw >»«.«-, ui.. _ cuiia as he is, about the graces denudes and then Monsieur? Abb* is Introduced and tbe dancing commences. No break downs, mind you, but coquettish figures subdued by a dim religious grace. Isn’t it nice? The following new novels arc for the young ladies: A new edition of Bulwcr Lyton’s novels Is shortly to bo brought out in London, by Kentledge. 31. 31. Erckmann-Ctiatrlan, the French novelists, are engaged on a scries of historical novels. “The girl at a Railway Junction’s Reply” to Dickon’s “Boy at Mng : by ;” Victor Hugo’s newnovel entitled V 93,” to be published March 20; “Muriel or So cial Fetters,” by 3£rs. M. A. Hilliard,; late Mrs. Edwin James, just published in .Lon don ; a novel, not yet named, shortly to be issued by Miss Anna £. Dickinson; Miss Thackeray’s “Village on the Cliff,” just Is sued; “Ingemisco,” by “Fadette;”also, get “The Journal of 3laurlco de Guerm” and “Tho Huguenot Galley Slave,” translated from the IVcneh of Jean Martcilhe. In music there is not much of importance this week. Patti has at last met a rival in a Miss Laura Harris, of New York, who was bom in 18407 and' Is therefore of the same age as Patti. She has had a tremendous suc cess at Lille, where boxes and stalls, when ever she sang, were trebled in price, and

crowds were compelled to quit the theatre for want of room. 31iss Harris studied un der Manz, who likewise gave lessons to Patti. She made her debut at New York in “Lucia,” “II Puritan!,’ 1 and “Medea.” In 18G5 she appeared m London In thq part of Zerllna, in “Don Juan,’’ and in that of Queen of the Night, In the “ Flute En chanteo,” which Christina Nelson has since then made so celebrated. From London she went to 3ladrid, where she took the place of Patti, and so well that she was asked to perform in “Linda” eight times, and In “La Sonnambula” fifteen. La Diva will have to look to her laurels. Veidi’s “Don Carlos” was rchearsedfor the first, time at the Grand Opera, Paris, on Sunday night, February 3, the composer be ing present. The opera is said to be very carefully written, in the heroic style. There is a hunting scene, which is accompanied by a brass band of twenty-two instruments. A grand march and chorus are described os massive and imposing. Mr. Gye has abandoned tho idea of giving Italian opera in London nightly; a feat, ae matters stand in England, which the Athe r.dum says is obviously impossible, without ths certainty of the performances of his theatre being deteriorated. M. Wirslmr, director of the theatre at Prague, is said to have discovered tho manu script of an operetta by.Gluck, “L’Arbre Enchante,” which was only once performed, at Versailles, in 1793. It is to be produced. “ Itruensco,” a tragedy, by Michel Beer, with the music by G. Meyerbeer, has been published in Paris, with the piano forte score, and contains thirteen musical pieces, including a long and elaborate overture and the familiar Polonaise. It was fully pre pared by the composer long before his death, and is spoken highly of by musical critics. A new musical Conservatory has just opened In Boston. A brilliant staff of mu sical scholars will direct its destinies, among whom may be mentioned Eben Joarjco, .Robert Goldbeck, and L. F. Snow, Directors; B. J. Lang, Erast Perabo, Robert Goldbeck and S. A. Emery, Instructors in piano music; Carl Zcwahn, professor of instrumentation ; Signor Damn, Messrs. Zcrrahn and Jourjee, instructors in vocal culture; S. P. Tucker man, Messrs. Doct. and G. E. Whiting, in structors on the organ ; W. H. Schulze, vio lin ; Wulf Fries, violincello; August Stein; contra-basso. Peregrine. LITERATURE. Notice* of Recent Publications, BRAZIL AND T£IE BRAZILIANS Portrayed in Illa'orical and Descriptive Sketches. By Kev. Jaxzs CTFusicucn, and Rev. D. P. Kidded, D.D. Illustrated by One Hundred and Fillr Bocrarings. Sixth Edition, Revised and En larged. 8 to. Green .Morocco Cloth. Bevelled Boards. Gilt Top. Pages 610. Boston : Little, Brown & Co. Sold by S. C. Griggs & Co., Chicago. A book of thrilling Interest about one of the most progressive countries In the world. The most democratic ofaristocraclcs; the best regulated of mouarchies. Caste has no lm passable barriers; and merit sits next the throne. The general stupidity of royalty finds an exception ; one Queen is womanly ; the nobles of one Empire are men. 'With the exception of language, Brazil has almost nothing to remind the traveller of the staid old Portuguese stock from which it has been peopled. If .Adam, os the story runs, should, upon visiting this world, make bis home in Portugal on account of there never having been a change In that country since the comfortable times of the golden age, it is equally probable that some other patriarch of that other golden age of the fu ture, according to the gospel as it is in Emer son,would sojourn alternately in the.valley of the Mississippi and that of the Amazon. But the Brazil ot 1860 is quite other than that of the colonial period. China and Japan were scarcely less exclusive than the system forced upon the Brazilians by the mother country, up to a time within the memory of men yet living. It is not very long since commerce and intercourse with foreigners were so rigidly prohibited that vessels from the outside world were not allowed to come to anchor or take in water without the sur veillance of a body of soldiers. So that a people who were rich in gold and diamonds were unable to procure the most essential implements of agriculture. A wealthy planter who could display the most mosssive plate at table, might fall to furnish enough knives and forks to eat with. Books were almost unkuown, and newspapers were not in fashion. Indeed, the spirit of enterprise and Industry was well )nlgh crushed out by the wonted tricks of parent countries to keep the children of the New World dependent. When Bonaparte frightened the King of Portugal ont of Europe it was a happy event for the colony, since Brazil immediately rose to he an integral part of the Kingdom, and thus learnt how to govern its own people before tbc first Pedro relinquished the inde pendence to the sovereignty of the citizen and the genius of a new world. A new Constitution, a new Emperor by the virtual suffrage of tbc people, the ballot, equality of all freemen before the law, the writ of habeas corpus, no color in civil rights, schools open to all classes, a fifty dollar suf frage, a liberal provincial administration, a rapidly declining Institution of slavery,well condncted schools, pronpt administration of justice, light taxation, liberal foreign re lations, have put the nbe millions of Brazil ians, the inhabitants o! the most extensive and most fertile of all the empires of the cis-Atlantic world, lw«-thlrds of all the people of South America, upon a basis of nationality second only to the North Ameri can Bepnblic. Esta beboda, he Is fnmk. lathe most with ering of rebukes; jt«t as the Greenlander’s dernier report In cursing is to tell the bad man he is good .*>r nothing and ought to eat dirt. The moat noble and dignified of ten join In games quite as noisy and rollick ing os tie “pussy wants a corner” of the nursery. The young ladies are .tall, slender, black-eyed and rather pretty. In costume of low neck and short sleeves, they go bare headed to church with the chubby matrons and fat governors. Punch’s vest-pocket bonnets, which are so necessary to keep warm the interesting polls of Northern belles, would neither add to their comfort nor beautify their dark locks. Ladles do not appear on the streets without protectors; and most shopping is done at hotw. Peddlers are numerous, and ihelr skill in coaxing the senhoras into extravagant bargains Is quite up to the standard of the good-looking young men who stand behind oar own counters. As in Paris and all the provinces) the rich man presents a pitiful old bachcltr to his danchtcr, saying, “Mlnha felha, this is your future husbandand as in the fashionable ultra-Brazilian world, the damsel counts the pieces of silver and ac cepts her deaiiny on the consciousness that she will not havo to give the fellow her un divided affections. And as there must always bo some imaginary affliction la the domestic triangle, the fated lady of many servants finds her bead splitting, as did Professor Agassiz at Teffe, because he canght so many unheard of species of fish; bat her head splits by reason of- broken down wits In slave-driving.- One lady, a marchioness, de clared tbat ‘ ‘her negresses would be thelJcath of her.” Another claimed that she had lost her health scolding slaves! The gossiping .is done in the morning,'between coffee-time and breakfast. The ladies do their sewing In the balconies; and thsir whole wardrobe Is the work of the domestic needle. The theatre is a matter of course; but lights are out and alt is quiet before tea in the evening. The home feeling Is. much less Intense than that -of the Anglo-Amerl , can race ;* but it stands* than the French habit. Manners are of the hlgh-po- Ilte type of all genial climates. The gentle man upon entering an omnibus, lifts his hat, and aID present' acknowledge the compli ment; acdupon visitinghis friend, he en ters the large central vestibule and claps his bands till a colored gentleman at the head of the stairs shouts,' "Who’s there V* and the visitor is announced. The young gentleman of twelve years wears a cane, stmts as if he wore corsets',doffsa silk hat to his lady friends, and.plays the hlgb-mitlncss of our dandies of twenty summers. He learns a little French, some Latin, a smattering of English, studies music; but to write a “good hand” is the one accomplishment. He. can talk the non*, sense of French novels, and tell the traveller . bow many contos some young lady’s father has; hut he cherishes no purpose of life out* side of the'pleaenres of sense. i : Slavery is doomed. The Afri»*«- uaae wa ® abolished In 1850 1 1 6140 P rice of men and women bo» steadily appreciated since that date ll * “Ooot the ratio of the falling off in' uumbers, so that there are 1 not .'above two millions of slaves in the country at the pres ent time. The prejudice against dark colored faces never was so strong os It is to-day in the Northern States. There is* a pride in be ing of pore white blood; but It Is not more exacting than the pride of Puritans. The slaves are treated much' .* better than those of ancient Borne or modem Carolina; bnt it is to be expected that' injustice and wretchedness will come of slavery in any country, for the system is essentially incon* sistent with the highest' happiness of the many. The religions orders vie with one another In the display of pompous processions,preced ed by little girls decorated with birds’wings, ■as artists will have it is the fashion among angels. The clergy are the lowest class of the community, not excepting the African slaves; and morals keep tho level of those who are paid to fix the ideals of worship. Tin Holy Ghosts at seventy-five cents a hundred are phiianthroplcally peddled, among the people; prayers against the cholera, adorned with religions emblems, are sold at four cents apiece; and terrible sermons fall of passion and invective are thrust upon a peo ple already quite unwilling to accept the divine mission of lewd monks. The ballot Is ■well guarded; and politicians play ina and outs between the Progressives and Conservatives. A good degree of ex cellence in administration has been at tained, chiefly through the thoughtful and well-timed reforms which have been Intro duced by the second Pedro. The regular army numbers twenty thousand, and- the national guard half a million.. The pros pective greatness of the Brazilian Em pire cannot well he overestimated; and we hope to sec the two great nations of the two greatest valleys held together in the bond of commerce, so that the bigot of South America may take lessons from the Quaker of Pennsylvania; the clever Yankee may know that all the nn-May-Flower world are not dances; the schoolmistress may teach the youngjdeas on the banks of the Amazon; the delicacies of the tropics may And a place on the tables of northern republicans; and the unconscious humani tarian of trafllc may trade off the cannon for a plough, and bring In a better millennium th&u that of Dr. - Camming, when the na tions shall find out that they cannot afford to bo enemies. Six editions of Hr. Fletcher’s bool: have already shown that the deeply fixed desire of one community to compare its civilization, with that of other countries, is now, »s it ever has been, a permanent want, and wor thily has the author set about supplying It. The lifc-and-manner books arc the most en tertaining of literature ; and their Instruc tion is ot order; for every man Is made more evenly consistent by tbe knosj3f£That in the remotest corners of the wond there are magnates of lofty pro tension who are bis inferior, and humble folk of mean degree who stand above him hi ac tual qualities. He who knows all the blunders of great little men and little great men, will most wisely lead this world into the path of progress. PERSONAL ITEMS. Colonel Colt’s family have issued a gor geous book of faur hundred pages, commem orating him and comprising a description of his scat, ‘‘Annsmcar.” The book was main ly prepared by Professor Butler, of tbe Wis- • cousin University, and a copy is to be sent to the Fulls Exposition. M. Thiers, while Minister, was cgrcgiously deceived by a young girl, the daughter of a German diplomatic agent. She won the love of Thiers and his danghtcr, and was treated by them as one of the family. All doors were open to her, since sbe was so naite, so nat ural, so innocent. Since she was a German, they cabled her Gratchen, Ciarchen and Mlg non. TheinnocentMignonnsedherposition to read Thiers* despatches, open his desk, and examine hit private papers. Blessed with a good memory, she took home to her father information which he sent to the va rious Courts, whose secret ageuthe was. Gustave Dore Is engaged upon a great picture, which be is working hard to com plete before the opening of the Paris Exhi bition. The subject is a gaming-table at Baden-Baden, showing the various costumes and characteristic faces from all nations that baant thegaming saloons of that favorite resort. Dorc has been engaged to Illustrate Spencer’s “ Faerie Queen,” to be followed by alarge edition of Sbakspearo. General Fremont, It Is rumored, is to open a banking house In New York. Notwltbstaudingcontrory reports, we have , it on the best Paris authority that tbe Em press skates charmingly, as Indeed she rides,' walks, and danced—when she was wont to dance Sbe skates boldly, too. and was lately to be seen, every day, gliding over the. ice, as graceful in her movements as she was simple in her costume. The Rev. Dr. Stone, of San Francisco, must have a good salary, or a vast private find to draw from, else he could not keep u> h!s establishment, for the Chronicle says he has a family to support; he also has sevra horses, three carriages, and $3,000 yearly rent to pay. Pnf. Agassiz receives SSOO per night for six lectures, In New York, on scientific topics. The New York Independent says : “Mrs. Stowe vas at one time paid more per page than ant writer of the Atlantic staff. Anna Dickinson probably averages more compen sation per lecture than any man now in the field. RUtori Is certainly paid more than any male actor. Rosa Bcnhcur and Harriet Hoamcr,probably obtain higher prices for their works than If they were men; cer tainly not less high. And these professions arc net yet filled, and slow no signs of being filled women.” SPORTING ITEMS. The London Times of February 10th says: “At las. the ‘great tmknovn’ for the championihip has become penonlflcd. On Friday nijht about ten o’clock Jem Mace gave the none about which there has been so much speculation for some time past, and, after all, it urns ont to he his late oppo nent, Joe Goa, who, notwithstanding his in different perhrmance upon the Ast occa sion, Is likely,now, that he is in something like ‘form,’ to Trove himself in every inspect worthy of his efaperon , Jem Mace.” The French Doby will he run for at Chan tilly. on Sunday, *lay loth, and the French Oaks on the Simmy previous.. It was thought at one time that the French Jockey Cltb would arrange lor tie great international race of 1867, to he run a week later than usual, hut they have kept to the old fixture—the Sunday before Ascot. The “ Grand Prix” of Paris will consequent ly be run on Jane 2d. The Paris and Chantilly meetings have been fixed as follow*: Paris Spring, April 7, 14, 23, 28, May-2 and 5; Paris Summer, May 26, June 1 pud 3; Paris Autumn, Sep tember 22, 29,/and October 0. Chantilly Spring, May 23, 10 and 19; Chantilly Au tumn, September 15; Chantilly Second Au tumn, October 18 and 17. The Incomc of the French Jockey Club, which in 1867 amounted to 863,255 francs, had increased la 1806 to 933,593 francs, including subventions from the Emperor’s private purse, the Government, city of Paris, the railway subscriptions of the members, &c. la addition to the above, the receipts for admission to* tho race courses of Paris and Chantilly daring the year pro duced 474,226 francs. MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. A watch, without hands, that shows on Us face no figures but those which tell the hoar and minute looked for, has recently been patented in London. The figures are displayed as they are wanted, and no others appear on the watch face. The Smithsonian Institute la a case of rare flaMelal management: Thu fund received from James Smllhson amounted to *515 ion has It been managed that rrmw. «♦ luiru “ , J r crease the building havehfe n ?T ‘ I* cost of 1325,000, and stole the L tha f ar?h “ sum of 575,000 expended in restoraUoa Tr" building, ne now constructed, is Are Lr One of the subscribers of the l!? nellsviUs (Ohio) Z&rald Informs thJ^ P that he has not eaten meUof daring thepast thirteen yeara, has not’dmnfc tea nor coffee for sixteen years and t,? eaten hatter for seven yj 8 . Vett™ sixty years of a age, a hard working farmer and looks halo and hearty. " mer . At present the New World heals 1 the Old in telegraph lines, having 00,000 m ,i„ ‘, lines against 60,000 in Europe and 3 000 i f India. | ’ A little, thin, wrinkled, dried uri old r of sixty, boa Just been made tho misplaced love and conddenco at Memolrl, Having ftarnishod a young lady of talent beauty, sixteen, Ac., Ac., with a coetly wed . ding trooMWi, having obtained Wa ifcae, ; set the day* procured the o?ke »®d grooms men, he was politely informed that «be had :got all she could out of him, hfld hejwoiud. ' better take himself off the j A minister, In a recent discourse, sou* that 11 Harvard appeared to be the only college- In this country where no revivals occurred; ■ that for a quarter of a century past there had * not been a single revival or conversion In that Institution.’* ( Charles Taeto, a young man twenty years old, la under bonds lortrlal at Hartford, Con* necticnt, forattemptingto commit a rape oh - a rcspectablV girl, in ahusiuess block In that city. Tho cnes'of the girl at the time, ofthe outrage were prevented by stuffing V handkerchief in bur mouth. ' : ... The smallest elcphant ln Europe. has just been imported from Rangoon. It ls not much bigger than a Newfoundland dog.. Its' trunk, vrhlch was, of course, examined'* the Custom House officers: on landing, is a yard long, and it Is both" playful : and affec tionate. The lbabloh of having an elephant oftbia size in a lady’a boudoir, would bo both elegant and novel; Particularly novel. ; An ingenious Pole has* discovered,an en tirely new niethod of committing suicide. He filled the pistol with water, after charg ing it with gunpowder and wadding, then, placing it to his head, palled the trigger. The experiment was perfectly successful— his bead was blown completely off. The name of this extremely clever person (which is somewhat lengthy) 'was' Hatlefouzycapll. laninwzicowsky. Verdict—* ‘Died of water on the brain, If any—brain,»e.” By the death of Cardinal VUlccoart, tbero arc now fourteen Cardinals’ hats disposable. The latest . Exhibition rumor is that some adventurous members of English swimming clubs have determined : to swim across the Channel on their way to the Exhibition. They ore to he accompanied by umpires In boats, and are to be furnished with planks to rest upon at stated intervals. This may he well for variety, hut most people would prefer to go in the usual way. A roll of papyrus, exumed from the ruins of has been found to contain plead ings at the Greek bar three centuries anteri or to the birth of Christ. GOSSIP FOE THE LADIES. Social) Fashionable; Matrimonial and Otherwise. The Fashions. [Paris Correspondence (February 8) of lbe : Anglo- American Times.] . . Crinoline and horse-hair are getting clam orous. The former will not give way; It stands on the defensive, and recedes no more than an inch at a time. Since its last sur render It has been stationary, glorying in half steel'and half calico, which its detrac tors mischievously call lt half-and half” tbe very lowest pun that could be applied to an encroaching old lady. Other threatening encroachments arc bon. nets, formerly called “Bolivars,” the very ugliest on record. They are not the sweet little roofs we now can smile or frown under to advantage. They are flat behind, and provided in front with straight pokes, which ore not unlike the raised hoods of a post chaise, and will have to be filled out with bushes of flowers or false hair. ■ 1 • • If I thus anticipate coming events, It is be cause there Is no pleasure in offering readers anything but tbe first-fruits of the season, and It Is moreover even well for husbands to know beforehand what they have to make up their minds to before they see their wives in the “newest French stvle.” Two other novelties are' the elegant jet fringed waistband, which is to be worn on high robes, and the roanded little velvet and satin basque, which Is worn over ball dresses on the flat front width Immediately below the waistband. They are also made of color* cd satin fringed with crystal, chenille, or rouchc over white tulle skirts, and end in three long ear-shaped sashes behind. v The most gorgeous trimming Is peacock’s tail employed In bands, which lorm peplams, basques, bertbes and sicevca. The richest Lyons silks are being bought with very humane Intentions, I am told, ail for the sake of poor, distressed silk wear* eis; but aplty.lt is the intentions are fash ionable. For my part, Ido not see tb&t any . end is attained because ladles wear brocades that half ruin their husbands. The said splendid textures have already caused great discomfort at home, os they are not solely adopted by the wives of millionaires. The fact of Lyons robes being the origin of the min shall be illustrated with a tale founded on facts, about d pair of slippers which were put in some well-meaning lot tery instituted lor the poon-aud gained by a sober-minded gentleman.' The slippers were so elaborately worked in gold .that the first time the winner thereof pat them on he ob served that he was in want of a new morn ing gown to make his neglige costume com plete. When clad In his new flowing cashmere,he discovered that his footstool and the chair on which he sat at bis writing desk were very much the worse for wear, and ordered a man to renew them. * When the things were brought into his study all the rest looked very faded, especially the carpet and curtains. On consulting his account ; booba he found that he had had them a very long time, and resolved on purchasing new hang ings. In the course of time everything In the sanctum was refitted, when the geatlcmaa’s wife—for ho was married—declared herlord’s retreat was the only respectable room,in the house to receive one’s friends In. Monsieur, in great alarm at the threatened invasion, ordered Madame’s drawing-room to be fur nished in the newest style. Next, servants were found fault -with for their ignorant handling of delicate upholstery—a new set were called in for higher requirements; hut these objected to live with masters who gave no parties. Dinners and parties were In con sequence given, and the end was that both Monsieur and Madame were rained in a very short time. Among the wrecks of their past splendor, a pair of old tarnished, slip shod shoes were found just fit to be thrown on a dust-cart. Thus Lyons silks entail large sains .spent on diamonds, and every one knows how few one doee get for one’s money. - Triflea. Connt D. has offered fifty thousand francs to M’lle Cora Pcarlo, the English actress./ur her boott that she wore on the memorable oc casion of her debut on the stage as “Cupidon.” The Franklort police have forbidden the sale of the fabric Known as green tarlatan, as it is dyed by colors composed in a great part of arsenical preparations, and conse quently very injurious to health. A girl of thirteen has been killed, !n a sin gular manner, at Mont-de-Marsnn. She was plaj ing with a pair of scissors, and let them fall. In stooping to pick them up, she her self fell, and, the points being upward, they pierced her heart, and death was instan taneous. The last new danco is called “The Dip,” and is. In fact, a very slow redowa, and very much like the Cuban dance so papular a few years ago. This and the Trois Temps (three step galop) are the only new dances Intro duced this season. Madame Patterson Bonaparte has returned to Baltimore, where the eccentric old lady lives In a boarding-house, In a rather parsf monlons manner. Though she is seventy eight years old, she retains the liveliness of her air, and all the elegance of her ancient regime manners. One of her grandsons Is with her; the other is in the French Army. Both are rather fast young men. Shealiows them an annual pension, and is said to have made a will, in which she bequeaths them her fortune, on condition that they do not marry American girls. Twenty-five ladies have entered their names lor the ensuing session at the Ladies’ Medical College, London. The ladies, in Gibraltar, dress “tremend ously”—especially those who ride cu horse bacK. There has been much movement caused by an auction of horse hair »t the Rock, chiefly purchased by the coiffeur» % and so destined, unquestionably, for ehigums. How the Smith convicts at Gibraltar weald laugh if they knew that the fashionable la dies of Gibraltar were Indebted, for tlcir chignons, to the contents of condemned nut tresses of the convict establishment! THE SCIENCE OF THEFT. Car Thieves on Street Railroads, aid How Xliey Operate. [From ine wew Tork Worm, February 23.' MODES OF PEGGEDURE. ; Car-thieving in New York lias beer re duced to a science, and its modus opercndl is guided by fixed system—and very conimgly devised systems they are. Thieves an ordi narily divided into associations of five . six or seven persons, known in the expresshcalang of the profession as “mobs.” The£znobs choose some one oi their number a/ leader, and assume bis name, as Peter’s moi, Dan’s mob, &c. The thieve* are also diviled into two great classes the “ wires,” <x direct stealing, and the “stalls,” who ire the confederates, and who share n the spoils. The ‘‘wire” generally carries on bis arm a “Benjamin,” o; coat, which serves to conceal the manipulations of bis other hand. 'While he preparesfor vic tims the “stalls” endeavor to secure them. The mode of procedure is as follows: The “stalls,” well dressed men, apparently to an nopracticed eye, “respectable,” but to a vision less verdant, unmistakably “flashy,” pretend to engage in a discussion on politics or business, nerchance, for that matter, on religion. They become excited, elevate their voices, gesticulate passionately, and attract general attention. When the last point is gained, the “wire” comes in for hifl part of the work, and wlthnimble Angers re lieves the unsuspecting passenger of his watch or pocket-book. , Having. ac complished this feat, he leaves the car with as mnch rapidity and as little Impressment as possible; the “stalls” follow bis example; the contents of the pocket-book are distributed among the worthies, pro raici / or the watch Is estimat ed and arrangements made to obtain In cash a certain percentage, and that Is all. Noth ing more simple can be conceived, and noth ing more satisfactory. Sometimes the “stalls,” finding that an excited conversa tion candot be made to answer their pur poses, proceed a step further and create a peisonal disturbance, exchange coarse epi thets, and resort to blows; in the confusion whicn ensues they reap their harvest. Some times in bad weather the car-thief plays what is called the “ umbrella game.” Ho feigns to adjust his umbrella, raises it and assumes to be striving to open it; then suddenly shuts It with great violence, covering with Us folds the head of bis intended victim, whom he Instantlyjlcspolls of his treasures, and then disappears. Occasionally the thief re fuses to pay bis fare, thus creating'a dis turbance which answers .his purposes; Oth er and very curious tricks. are attempted on. special occasions. Thus, last summer,, a, countryman, standing on the platform of one of tbe Third avenue cars', felt something tOQcbl&g his neck; thinking Itto be a fly or insect of some sort, heendeavored to’removo or kill the creature with his band, but un successfully, however, for the irritation was renewed. At length with an oath, the persecuted countryman (probably a “rural ltglsla;or” irali irvm AJoauj;,rai«a wm his hards to his nock simultaneously. The Irritattm ceased; but a heavy, gold watch, which' he • had been wearing, disappear ed, and has never since besn*heardo& A straw had been used by one. thief totickle bis neck, and wben be elevated bis bands a* confederate bad neatly completed the job, and the rural father was left desolate. • ThepJatronns ofthe cars are generally the chosen scenes of thieving, every facility be rinjr afforded both for robbery and escape. , When ten men stand in x place where (here Jsscarce room for four; wnen the shades of darkness prevent any special cognizance ingtaxenof oce’scompanions; when, from fhgTCT posture of the parties, no note can be lad of the whereabouts of legs or holds—ls it any wonder that roo berries occur? Would it not be more wonderful if they dH not take place? Sbmetlries the thieves station themselves one : or more on each platform, and then •“work” towards each other, meeting finally In the eentre’of the ear. Occasionally they becomeholder, overawe the-conductor and intimidate the passengers. Not onfreqnent ly they place bricks or other obstructions upon fie railroad track to facilitate thelrne larlous designs by throwing off the cars, as has been the case, we believe, two or three times li Crosby street. The women who - operate U the stages generally wear long cloaks for purposes of concealment, and work alone or In pairs; In the latter case tbey slt on each ride of their victim, engage in conversation, snatch or ent, as the case may be. alight and divide.- The expertness of the thieves Is truly wonderful. They are as clever with their fingers as any ma gician ; Hartz, Heller, or Herman cannot surpass them. A few It Is said, acquire this expertness by time and practice, but with tbs majority of skilful thieves, xheir talent for stealing seems to have been innate. Per haps, like a poet, a “Thief is born—not made.” A first-class car or stage thief can touch yon ana jou not feel the touch; can, with a sharp knife cut your dress, and you never dream of the outrage; can open a but ton or two of your coat, insert the hand, take your pocket-hook, or twist your watch from the chain, and you never be, at the time at least, one whit the wiser. This point will be discussed more fully hereafter. But the gains of eln seldom profit the sin ner, and car-thlevlog is no exception to this law. The thieves rob the public, and gam blers and women rob the thieves. Three fourths of all the money obtained by this species of stealing is dissipated at faro, or in license, leaving out a miserable stipend re maining for the personal and neccsssary uses ofthe thief himself. THE LANGUAGE OP THIEVES. Every profession bos its technical terms, and car.thlevlng boasts of its own peculiar ‘•slang.” A few of the cant-words and ex pressions in the. thieves* vocabulary may be interesting to tbe students of language. Some of the expressions will bo found sug. gestively expressive, while many of them -are merely arbitrary and nonsensical. A few have already been given. We subjoin a few more: A watch Is called a“sopcr.” A watch-chain is called a “slang,” and “twiatlnga super,” is, therefore, in plain English, stealing a watch. A breastpin is styled a “prop,” a diamond breastpin a “spark-prop.” A ring is known as a “fawney.” A diamond ring is a epark-fawney.” “Grafting a spatk-faw ncy” is therefore to he interpreted as “steal ing a diamond ring.” if a thief secs an offi cer, he “gives a hint”—to hls companion— that Is, he “slings the office”—and of course his confederate “ collars the officer,” or “takes the bint.” so kiouly given. Tbe phrase “tumble to” signifies to understand A detective Is called a “fly-cop”; the police generally are known as “flatty cops.” A “poke” signifies a pocketbook; a “kick.” is a pocket: a victim is styled a “bloke,” and tbe poetical sentence, “ The bloke cried beef,” signifies, when t'anslated, “The vic tim cried police.” When a thief overhears a confederate talking Indiscreetly, he ex claims “Cheese It”—that is, “Stop your talk.” To “slice ahook” isto “put your hand in.” “ I slung my hook and collared his coke,” means, “ I put In my hand and pulled out his pocketbook.” Boots arc called “ crab-shells”—on expressive term. A sink is designated a “duuniken.” The Jdirase, “weeded the leather and slung it n the duuniken,” means “emptied the pocketbook and threw it lu the sink.” 'A skilful thief Is styled a "gun;” an awkward tbief Is designated as “snooyer,” and a pickpocket Is known as a “gsnneff.” We might continue our “list of terms” almost ad infinitum, and certainly ad naussum , but space forbids. AN IMPERIAL PAGEANT. Scenes atlheOpenlngof the Corps Leelm latlf of France—l* eccptlon ofthe Em* peror and. Kxnpreas. [From GalignaciV Messenger, February 15. j The legislative session of ISC7 was opened this day at one o’clock by the Emperor'ln person, the ceremony taking place, ds on preceding occasions, In the Salle des Etats of the Louvre. As the long gallery which com municates from the Tulfcries with the last named building still remains unfinished, their Majesties were obliged to proceed m state carriages through toe. triumphal arch In the Place du Carrousel to the Pavilion Denon, the out of door part of the display being in consequence rendered infinitely more striking. As the weather was delight ful and unusually mild for the season of the year, a considerable crowd had assembled on the place to w itness their Majesties’ passage. As is usual on such occasions, a party of the National Guard on one side and troops of the line on the other were posted aloog the way which the imperial cortege had to follow. Behind stood a derge mass of spectators; and likewise the neighborhood of the palace, on the side of the Sue de TUvoli, was thronged by persons desirous of seeing the splendid equipages conveying the ambassa dors. marshals, ministers and other high per sonages to the imperial sitting. Until a little after twelve a continued succession of carriages drove past toward the Louvre, a similar stream coming back somewhat before two, when the sitting bad concluded. The internal arrangements of the Salle dcs Etats were about the some as In preceding years, the whole being hung with crimson velvet, ornamented with gold lace. Hang ings of the same rich material were to be seen in the windows and doorways, and the iront of the long galleries running down the whole length or the hall was similarly adorned. All the seats and benches pre pared for the high dignitaries and official bodies weie also covered with, crimson and gold. At the farthest end of the salle was prepared a raised estrade, on which was placed the Empcrflr’s throne, with chairs of state for tho princes of the’ imperial family, while immediately behind stood other seats for the great dignitaries of the crown. In the centre of the hall was left a wide pas sage, richly carpeted, by which the imperial procession could reach the raised platform. On either sloe we»e disposed cross benches for the various official bodies haying a right to he present. The first arrivals, contrary to what was seen in former 5 ears, took place long before the usual hour, and at half-past teo, except for the highly privileged, there was no pos sibility for any person to get more than a casual glance into the grand hall of meeting. A vast crowd stood in the Salle Lebrun, en deavoring to see something of what was pass ing in the salle beyond, but without much chance of succeeding. As to heariog what the Emperor might say, that was utterly out of the question; in fact, after the hour Just mentioned, not one of the general spectators could penetrate beyond the outside room. But for ihe persons who had special tickets the case was quite different, as they, of course, entered freely into the Salle des Etats. There, from eleven o’clock until a quarter past twelve, richly attired person ages followed each other without interrup tion. A great number of elegantlydrcsscdladles also continued to present themselves, and generally were assigned places In the galler ies above, until at last the whole of the front row on each side was occupied exclusively by the fair spectators, the bright colors of their spring dresses adding to the general effect. It was remarked that no previous similar occasion had witnessed so large an attendance, both male and female, the desire being un versal to learn at the earliest possi ble moment the Emperor’s views on the events in Germany and on the constitutional reforms lately ordered on. Daring all the early part of the day the centre of the hall seemed a scene of apparent confusion, the Senators and Deputies moving about from *one place to another, and occasionally con versing together. But as the hours wore on, groups separated, and the numbers compos ing tnem began by degrees to take their scats, leaving the centre unoccupied. The hall then piesented a most brilliant coupd’ceS. all the places being filled except those reserved for the high personages who were to accompa ny themuperor. Kearfottc the throne, at the sides, were to be seen the Marshals, Admi rals, Cardinals, and Ministers, all in full official costume, and wearing meir various oid era. Close to the steps, leading to the estrade were the members of the Privy Council, a deputation of Grand Crosses of the Legin of Honor, the Tice Presidents of the Counil of State, the Presidents of Sec tion, and a considerable number of members belonging to that body. Farther back the seats on the right were occupied by the Senate, and those on the left by the Legisla tive body. Behind them, along the sides, were deputations from the Court of Ac counts, the Court of Cassation, and the other law tribunals, the members all attired in their ancient costumes ; the clergy of the different denominations, the Prefects of the Seine and of the Police, the Commander of the National Guards and other superior offi cers of that body, the Generals be longingto the first military division, mem bers of the Institute, deputations from the Municipal Coancil and Council ol Prefecture, the Mayors of Paris, and many other official personages. The portion of the gallery on the right nearest to the es irade was reserved for the diplomatic body, and the opposite side for the wives and fe male relatives of the Ministers, Marshals and other superior functionaries. The strangers who bad obtained privileged tickets were generally placed in the galleries, the mare portion occupying the bock seats. Alter 12>$ o’clock no persons were further admitted. A little before one cheers outside and the drums beating a salute announced the arrival of the Empress. Her Maj«sty came from the Tnilerlea in a carriage drawn by two horses, preceded and followed by Cnirasslers of the Imperial Guard. The carriage went along at a very moderate pace, and loud cheers burst from the crowd as the Empress passed. Her Majesty was received at the entrance of the Pavilion Denon by the Princess Hathilde and the Princess Luclen Murat, and at once proceeded op the grand staircase to the Salle des Etats. A master ot the ceremonies preceding the Imperial party advanced a few steps into tne hall and announced “The Empress," when at once the whole assemblage rose, ana.as her Majesty advanced down the central pas* her ladies of .hooor, proceeded to a mbtmo on the rieht of the platform, where she toot her “eat with Iho frlacesses and the ladles '“imSdSeljr after the cannon of the Invn ildes fired a aaJvo oftwentyone nans, to an :■ iomee tSat the Emperor had left tho TuUy Hea. His Majesty, accompanied by the Prince Imperial, was conveyed to thei Pavil ion Dcnon in a carriage drawn by two horses, preceded by a body of the Culrasaiera of tho Guard, acd followed by one ot Cent- Gardes. Loud cheers issued from the spec tators as the carriage passed aloog. liK bb ik.gu.lWa, HMIUUICU uf | Prince Napalcoa_and the Princes Laden. I Joachim and Acbille Murat. The cortege then formed, and. having aaceadea the stalrcasr.Jentcred the ball la ibq. custom ary order. First came a master of the ccr- Tronles, thc.Equeiry oh duty and the Prefect , of the Palace; nexfthe Grand Master of the ? Ceremonies, the Grand Chamberlain and the m Grand MarshaTof the Palace; then advanced l the Emperor^in—a- General’s uniform, with the Pyince Imperial, dressed in a black Te- • Tot- suit,- with' knickerbockera and velvet stockings, followed by the-Princes havb g rank at Court, the Grand Almoner, the Cota mandemf the Ccht-Gardes and the several officers Ofthe Imperial hoosahold. -lire moment the Emperor appeared, la td critx of “ Vive VEmpcrrur , n * burst forth, ai Id continued until his Majesty had taken his scat on the throne. The young Prince s*A close by. and the other princes occupied the chairs of stateadjolniog. The Grand Master'd the Ceremonies then signified to all to be seated, and bis Majesty, who looked In excellent ftealtA . rising, deliv ered, In a distinct voice, heard In every part of the ealle, his speech to the assembly. A SINGULAR ROMANCE. Bow a French Nobleman Became a Common ThleT. The imaginative New York correspondent of the Boston Voice relates In his letter of tbe 16th instant, the following strange and event ful history, which could only be true when, told of a Frenchman—possibly not even then: * . A year ago lost fall, the Duke Cadcroosky de Grammont, the mnt celebrated roue in Prance* died -in Paris, leaving an immense estate, which he Inherited from hls father. Yesterday, a dark complexloned man, named John Davis, was sent - to Blackwell’s Island for three months, on a charge of theft. He bad recently arrived in this city from Cali fornia.- A Preach gentleman,longa resident here, has informed me that this John Davis is no less than' an elder brother of the [Duke de Grammont, rightful heir to the title and estate* in Franco since the decease of hls father. When but twelvo years old, be ran away from home, and shipped as cabin boy on boardaFrench trad ing vessel, bound for the Madelias. As tbe ship never arrived at its point of destination, sbe was given np os lost. The Grammont family made numerous Inquiries concerning her, but finally relinquished all hope, and was satisfled.lbat all onboard the trader had perished. The young brother, on tbe death oi his father, bad some difficulty In estab lishing hls claim to the title and estate, owing to the peculiar nature of French law, bnt after a long time bad elapsed, hls rights were established, and he succeeded to the property on the condition that the estates should remain Intact, and revert to the elder brother In case he should ever turn up. He spent bis Income in wine and women, and became the most notorious profligate in Pans. At one time tbe old Count Persigny caught the young libertine in bed with Madame la at that time con sidered The most anuelic and virtuous creature m the ** modern Sodom.” The old cent swore he would put a hole in the young man’s carcass “big enough for a rabbit to Jump through,” which caused Caderousky to leave Paris for a short time, but be soon re turned, and finally died of his. excesses at the early age of thirty-one. lii tbe mean time the brother was not dead. He was ?ickcd up near the Straits of Gibraltar by a ankee skipper, bound from Smyrna for Boston, and taken to the latter city, where he arrived in midwinter. Finding me cli mate uncongenial to bis hot French blood, he stowed nlmself away on a schooner, and sailed lor New Orleans, assuming tbe name 1 1 John Davis. In tbe Crescent City he w.s “ spotted ” by an aristocratic Creole, a dis ciple of Kate Hastings, and became her ‘•pet lover,” although but fourteen years old. Here he associated with thieves and blacklegs, and pickedupcousiderable knowl edge. Two yearsafterwardhesailed forCal llornla,and began employing hls “knowl edge” to the best advantage. He was Soon “nipped,” and sent to Slate Prison for four years on a conviction for grand larceuy. At the expiration of bis term of sentence, he went to San Rafael, Marin County, and was there detected in a crime which caused him to be returned to prison. This sentence was served out, and he went to Shasta, Shasta County, where he narrowly,escaped the len der mercies of Judge Lynch, and was seat to State Prison for tbe third time. .He was fi nally released through the exertions of the French Benevolent Society of San Francisco, who accidentally discovered hls rank and title, after spending seventeen years of hls life in prison. The Society clothed him, fur nished him Tilth funds,'and desired him logo down tbe coast, until his noble rela tives In France could he notified and send money for hls return to hls native country. Instead of doing this, he spent the money lu mm. Daring a lit or intoxication* his “old meanness” came back on him, and he stole a pair of sugar-tongs, and was sent to the calaboose forthree months. Before hls term of service expired, he received a draft for S,OCO francs from friends in France. He was released, and came to New Yorkon the same steamer with “Mark Twain.” He stopped at the St. Dennis Hotel, “got on a drunk,” and during a bt of kleptomania, stole three pairs of boots, and was yesterday sentenced to Blackwell’s Island for three months, under bis old name of John Davis. To-day a tele gram by the Atlantic Cablc„was sent to bis Iriends In Paris, stating the facts in the case, and asking instructions. It is thought that he will soon be released, and sent home un der guard. He would certainly prove a great attraction in the Paris Exposition. THE WOES OF 2IATEIMONY. A Story of Cold Feet. [From the Kew York Dispatch ] One of those strange freaks whica seems, in all its bearings, more like fiction than troth, Is now being investigated by Daniel P. Ingraham, Jr., as referee. The claimant for a divorce is Elizabeth A. Quinn, a bloom ing young woman of seventeen, full of iifu and beauty,while the husband, James Quinn, is a man iu middle life, past forty, whose greatest offence seems to have been cold feet even in the warm month of July. He was ia her only a husband m name. Mr. Quinn Is a man very comfortably situated in life. He was a widower when he met the gay and fas cinating Elizabeth, and his wile had ocea bat a short time buried. On the 17tb of July, 1860, 45 and 17 were made one, according to law and the cbuicb, but a far from pleasant life they led. On the sth of October follow- / lug she left her husband, two months and two weeks exactly from the day of her mar riage, and loogbefore the winter months bad V :set in, when cold feet could be annoying. \ But it seems they were. There are freaks m • Mature that cannot he accounted for, and this la one—cold feet In the honeymoon: cold ieet in July. On the 7th day of October, two days after she left him, she alleges that tho first false step was taken that entitles her to a divorce; but this discovery ebo alleges she did not make until the 22d day ol December No time, apparently, was lest bv the wife, for she went and secured the services 1 of Mr. Lewis Johnstone, a lawyer, who f drew up a complaint, setting forth, from in formation and belief, the divers times and places ol her husband’s infidelity. She was evidently hound to be manioc! and single the same year, lor the 31st of December, ISGG, the last day of the dying year, when Mr. James Quinn was laying out his table to have a jolly time with his friends on the coming day, the New Year, he was waited upon by a gentleman, who served upon him a summons for divorce from his wile, and notice that an action bad been commenced in the Supreme Court for a divorce. Mr. Quinn lost no lime in employing the services of Wm. F. Howe to defend him. He denied each and every allegation set forth in the complaint. When the case went before the referee, not one simple allegation In the complaint was proven, and Kate Clancy came out with flying colors. The plaintiff, however, put her brother, aged fourteen, on the stand, and he swore that he was at a par ty at No. 76 James street, where Mr. Quinn was, and a number of men and women: when the party was about breaking up ho went to the room that be knew Quinn would occupy, and got under the bed ; by-and-by Quinn and a woman came into the room, and Instead of turning into bed. made themselves comfortable on the floor. For eight mortal hours this young Hawkshaw lav crouched under the bed, and witnessed the'guilt of his brother-in-law. Alter Quinn and the wo man left the room, the youngster crawled out from under the bed, stole out of the 1 house, and reported particulars to his sister. x Such was the evidence for the plaintiff: \ bnt the probability Is that the defendant * will have as strange a to tell for the I defence if the case is continued. Mr. Ho wo ! commented at some length in a humorous ! vein on this young Hawkshaw, who sur passed in his powers ol endurance the colo- j prated bucket in one or Dickens’ novels. He charged conspiracy and perjury on the part Af tho .|v(iM(>ntloa, nna it- -VaUnj thO scenes was a youth not yet out of his teens, . • who,assoon as theonehymenialknotwoa on- ‘ tied, would retie it, and make of Quion a ’ queen. He denied in every particular the * * charge that bis client was cold-blooded or cold “feeted;” he did not belong to that order of creatures described by Professor Agassiz as partaking of the order of mam malia. Tne:r own complaint refuted the In- > elocution that had been thrown out. ad- -.j milting it to be true, which he denied. It had been -committed, it was alleged. In a 100 m adjoining to where Mr. McCabe and his wile slept, the door of which was open all night, and young as the boy was, he be lieved it impossible for the youngster to have seen all that he says he did see,without committing a breach of decorum that would have broken, up this midnight revelry. ECmTBIC PEOPLE. English Eeeeotrics and Eccentricities* John Tlmbs has written, and the London publisher, Bentley, has issued on amusing book called’ “ English Eccentrics ami Eccen tricities.” Mr. Timbs says his object is “to show that with oddity of character may co exist much goodness of heart,” and the first “Eccentric” to whom he introduces his reader is Beckford, the author of “Vathek,” which book he wrote at the age of tweoty two, at one sitting, prolonged through three days and two nights. The eccentricities of Beckford were simply those of a man who had mote money tnao he very well knew wbat to do with- Font hill Abbey, “built in a showy monastic stvle ” was the home which Beckford made for himself on the estate of Foothill, which be had inherited Jrom his father. To protect himself from the intrusion of his neighbors, be surrounded the grounds with a wall twelve feet high and seven miles long. The “Abbey” itself was bnilt by relays of men working day and night, and every day ; and ,t bad a tower four hundred feet high, which was built three times over, first of wood, to gee the effect; then of wood covered with cement, and finally, the second having fall en, of brick and stone, and on such bad foundations that’ this third tower also fell shortly after Beckford had uarted with the estate, which he eventually did for three hundred and fifty thousand pounds. A>- EXTBAOEDIKAXT WOMAN*. An extraordinary woman, whose adven tures axe recorded by Mr. Timbs, was Hannah Snell, who, having been deserted by her hus band, determined to set forth In search of him, and with this view enlisted as a soldier. Having been accused of a breach of duty, she actually endured five hundred Lubes. Some time after this she deserted, acd hav ing proceeded to Portsmouth, enlisted as a marine on board tho Swallow, with which she was sent to the East Indies, to the siege of Pondicherry she received six shots in her i right leg and five lu her left, beside* a dan-