Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, March 12, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated March 12, 1867 Page 2
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Chicago tribune. DAJXT, TKI-WEEELY ART WEEKLY. OF PICE, Ho. 91 CLARK-9T. There are three editions of the Tsibtjws iwnei. lit. Tnry monune. for circulation toy earner*, newsmen ana the malls, 2d. The MoctUjt, W ce ll s*dar* ana Fridays, ior tin insU* only; and the WSDO.T, on Thmedays, for the main and arte at onr Counter and by newsmen. Tens* of the CblrawA Tribune: Pally UeUTered to toe city (per wee*) % #3’ « r « - •* <per quarter),.,. 3,95 Pally, to mall nwcrlber* (per amnnt, paya ble in advance) - 112.00 Trt-WecWy. (per aarem, payable In advance) «.00 Weekly, (per spnom. payable In advance) i 2.00 toe year at toe some rate*, gy Persons rezr'Uin* and ordering five or mote copies of eltoer tbe Trl-Weekly or Weekly edition*, may retain ten per cent of the subscription price u a commission. Mm ex to BrascnrsEE*.—in ordering the address oi your paper* changed, to merest delay, be'sore and ipealy what edition y«a take— weekly, Tri-Weekly, or Dolly. Also, address %W Honey, by Draft, Express, Money orders, otto fiecl£leredLetten.marbeaentatonrtisk. Address. TRIBUNE CU- Chicago, ill TUESDAY, lIAECH 12, 1807. A MASSACRE PREVENTED. The announcement that General Sheridan postponed the municipal election of New Orleans, that was to have been held on yes terday—Monday—because of apprehended disturbances, will surprise no one who is acquainted with the state of affairs In that city. The spirit of rebellion and murder is as rampant there as it was on the 30tli of July last, when three hundred Union men fell its victims. The rebels regard the mas sacre of that day as only the beginning, and it has been a common saying among them that the work would be completed the next 1 time they might get at it. For several Weeks past there has been an nnnsaal ex hibition of the rebel spirit of the population. At Fairs and in other public places, the red, white and red have been dis played as profusely as they were in the palmiest days of the Southern Confed eracy. Nor has this unwonted activity been without a direct purpose. The rebel rulers of Louisiana and New Orleans have been con scious for some time that ibe sceptre was about to pass from tbclr bands forever; and wc think the facts >bow that the same minds that prepared and organized the massacre of July 30th, have again been busy in preparing A consummation of the work commenced on that day of horrors. We believe it was their deliberate purpose to signalize their own downfall by wreaking a bloody revenge on the helpless objects of their hatred. On the Bth instant. Governor Wells Issued a proclamation declaring the Recon struction Act to be tbe law of the land, and giving notice that in all subsequent elec tions, parochial or municipal, the persons en franchised by that act would be entitled to vole, and that no election would be valid if tbe right should be withheld. He also di rected that in the election for Councilmeu, which wes to have been held on Monday, the votes of tbe Irecdmer enfranchised by the new law should be received. The Mayor aud municipal authorities denied this, declaring that the law had not been received In official form. That nothing might be wanting to the work in hand, tbe Mayor and Chief of Police directed the police force to obey no orders not issued by them. In ordu- to further excite and stir up the public mind. Mayor Monroe apparently de termired to call out a declaration from tbe Commanding General. He accordingly called on him and inquired whether, under the new law, the negroes would have the right to vote. The General replied that they would have the right to vote, and that if the Tight should be denied them, the election wucld be null aud Tuid. In order to make the most of this, it was communicated to tbe so-called Legislature of Louisiana, now in session ; and the House immediately passed fiibill to postpone the election. It was well understood that the bill would go no farther; the conspirators did not mean to postpons the election. They meant that it should occur. If John T. Monroe can read the English language, he could have had no honest pu - pose in calling on General Sheridan to ex plain the law. His ignorance of its provis ions was feigned, and his presence at military headquarters boded no good. The sixth tection of the Reconstruction Law declares in so many words that “in all elections to Any office,” under the Provisional Govern ments of the South, “ all persons shall be “ entitled to vote, and none others, who are “ entitled to vote under the provisions of “ the fifth section ;” and the fifth section de clares that all male citizens of proper ago, “ of whatever race, color or previous condi tlon, who have been resident in said Stale “for one year previous to tbe day of such “ election, except such as may be dlsfran “ cbised for participati'in in the rebellion, “or for felony at common law.” shall be entitled to vole. If John T. Monroe knows anything, be knew full well that every male negro in New Orleans, of proper age and residence, was as much entitled to vote in the election as he himself was; and the purposed his Inquiry was to furnish the basis forth? legislative action to which we have referred, and to prepare the way for what was to come. Still further to add fuel to the flame, it was proposed In the House to impeach Gov ernor Wells for the proclamation he Issued, the charge being that be usurped power in assuming to define the qualifications of vo ters. The despatch says it is probable the impeachment will be carried. The impeach ment of the Governor for proclaiming the undoubted law, by a Legislature which is only so In name, would be nothing but very broad farce, were it not for tbe evil pur poses which it Is Intended to promote. We do not suppose tbe Legislature of Louisiana is mad enough to undertake an other rebellion, or to c.ill upon tbe ex-rebels to offer armed resistance to tbe law. They know too well that they have not the re sources or strength for such an enterprise, and that the attempt would result in their speedy extermination. But they have still the power to incite the Thugs and murderers of New Orleans ; to stir up tbe public mind and prepare the way for another butchery. There are thousands of desperadoes in that city, most of them idle, but many on tbe police, who served in tbe rebel ranks, and who delight in the perpetration of crime. Mayor Monroe is aware of this; the Legislature is aware of it. They know these ruffians only await the signal to renew the horrible slaughter from which they before desisted only in tbe pres ence of the Federal bayonets. If they desired to preserve order, and 1o prevent riot and bloodshed, they would pursue a very dif ferent course from the one they have chosen. They wish to have the same “ order” that was preserved on the day of the assembling of tbe Convention, when policemen and citi zens vied with each other in deeds of savage murder. We have little doubt that it was precon certed and understood that the attempt flf the colored cilizins to vote should he the signal for another wholesale butchery, and. hod not General Sheridan wisely suspended the election, we believe the country would have been ap palled by another tragedy far worse than the first- The evil-minded men who coutrol the existing Government of Louisiana and Now Orleans, seeing that the power is certainly pa.-ting away from them forever, arc animat ed by feelings of the most deadly hatred Against the Union white men ami the Union blue!: men. They are 100 weak to resist the Federal arms, but unless they are closely watched they will yet add another chapter of wholesale assassination to the history of the rebellion. Their attitude clearly proves that the Reconstruction Bill did not pass a moment too soon. ISSIiAVJsSi* ABULISHED? A correspondent sends us tlic following', and requests an answer: ‘•lf the State Governments is the Sonthern Flutes aic illceal. has slavery ever Kt?a abolished In tbf Stan s of Kentucky and lb-la ware': As these S uttr- were notmciadnf in Lincoln's Emaneipa lion Proclamation and tlitlr o»u Governmente have not abolhned it. why Goes not slavery legal ly fxltt thcie 10-dayS’’ Answer. —The Constitution of the United States, Article Y., declares that all amend ments proposed by two-thirds of both Houses of Congress, ‘‘shall be valid to all intents “ and purposes, as part of this Constitution, tt when ratified by the Legislatures of tbree “ fourths of the several States.'’ The Gov ernments set up in the South by President Johnson arc either legal or they are not: and in either event the thirteenth Amend ment to the Constitution, declaring slavery abolished, is valid asa part of that Instrument. Admitting that they arc valid, the Amend ment has been adopted by more than tnrec fourlhs of all the States ; for the so-called legislatures of the >dsuir. ctiomry States actually co enrred in its ratification. But If, as we contend, Mr. Johnson's governments arc wholll* illegal aud no governments at all, then they were entitled to no voice in the matter of the Amendment. The law docs not require an impossibility, and the article of the Constitution from which we have quoted, could not have been intended to re quire Congress to submit an amendment to a Legislature that had no lawful exlstenci, or to a Stale that had no pirtic • pation in the Government, and had, in fcet, no legal organization or stains. The moment the Amend ment abolishing slavery was ratified by three fourths of the States participating In the Government —States that had Legisla tures to which it could be submitted, it b.- came to all intents and purposes a part o the Federal Constitution and the supreme law of the land on the subject of slavery, as hinding upon Kentucky aid Delaware as up on Illinois, Ohio or Massachusetts, and as ralid as any other article of tbc Constitution. That no legal Governments existed in the rebel Slates at the close of the war, Is admit ted. Mr. Johnson himself so declared In his ; first proclamation on the subject. Such be ing the feet, it is not leas certain that no gov ernment organized la ..any <ot -those • coaid become legal without the recognition and consent of: Congress. That. constat they . never, obtained ; but Congress on the contrary, has solemnly declared that no legal governments do exist In those States; and IU declaration on this subject,is, final and conclusive,' not only because its supreme authority over the question Is sustained by the law and the decisions of the Supreme Court, but by the sentiment of a great majority of the • American people. To say It. required the concurrence of an unorganized State—a State that bad no Legislature or recognized Government, and was not a State at all, to ratify the Amendment in question, is as absurd as it would be to say that it required the ratifica tion .of a Territorial Legislature. That Amendment no more depended on the action of South Carolina, or Georgia, or any other insurrectionary Stale,. than it did on the action of Colorado, New Mexico, Utah or Montana. All were alike outside ot the National, Government, so, far as the decision of this question was con 'Cernedi Not until the ten rebel States still unrep resented shall have formed Governments In accordance with the new reconstruction law, and obtained the recognition of Con gress, will they have any right to act on proposed amendments to the Consti tution. To say that the loyal States had no right to alter or amend the Constitution be cause eleven States had rebelled and destroy ed their legal existence, would be equivalent to a denial of the right of those States to carry ou the Government at all during the rebellion. A PRINTERS 3 ASYLUM. Charles F. Browne, the widely-known “Ar- Icmus Ward,” whose early death la England we recorded a few days ago, commenced life as a journeyman printer, and was an honor to the craft. Though of late years in the possession of wealth, the earnings of his genius, he did not forget the hardships and severity of circumstances which so often overtake the less fortunate of printers. He had seen men of talent broken down by tbe severity of labor; had seen men grow old without having laid up anything for old age; he Lad seen them wandering from office to office, and city to city seeking employment, and sometimes In want of means to continue their journey. There Is necessarily, in a pro fession in which there is so much general talent, and in which intelligence and even nonius is the rule and not the exception, a feeling of oppression and pain, when a fel low workman unable to labor, or too old to labor, or suffering from want is brought to public attention. Mr. Browne bas by his will provided the commencement of an institution which, by tbe least possible attention may bo made one of the noblest and best endowed chari ties of the country. Mr. Browne has pro vided in his will that after his mother’s death, his property, amounting to possibly SCO,O£)O, shall be devoted to founding an asy lum lor printers. This bequest as, honorable to tbe memory of the donor as it !s to the craft of which be was a member, will of course be oostpoued until the close of his mother’s life- It pro vides for a charity which appeals directly to the heart of every printer, aud we suggest that steps be taken at once to create a fund which added to that donated by Mr. Browne, will secure the endowment of an institution of the first order. We propose that the craft in all parts of the country by a united resolve, provide that there be retained hy the foreman of each newspaper and printing office, from the earnings of the journeymen, a sum equal to five mills upon each dollar of his weekly bill. This small tax, of one half cent on the dollar, should be paid over to a local treasurer weekly, and by him forwarded to a general treasurer to be invested until such time as the asylum fund will be available. The tax is a small one to each person, but in ten years’ time, If properly Invested with its earnings, would constitute a fund equal to the establishment and endowment of an asylum equal to the demands of the craft, and worthy of the men whoso infirmities of body may make them Us inmates. We think this proposition worthy of the attention of the typographical body of the country, and as it only needs Union to make It a success, we expect to sec It carried, in some form, and at an early date, into practi cal operation. TIHS REBEL SMtilT, The press of the Southern or rebel States has one characteristic, and that is frankness. Politicians may affect loyalty, Governors and statesmen may represent the people as re conciled and anxious to forget the past, and solicitous for the most amtcab'.c relations in the future, but the press do not take part in these falsehoods. It represents the people of the South as they arc, hostile in sentiment, revengeful in feeling, defiant in spirit and sorrowful only that they have not the means to renew the rebellion. The press of the rebel States, reflecting truly the sentiments of the people, omits no opportunity to assail in the most offensive manner every person who favors the Union, and seeks unpilyingly to excite popular violence to such a point that such a person shall be destroyed or com pelled to flee the country. We find In the New York TForW an article copied, and with approval, from the Char lottesville (Va.) Chronlck, in which the pres ent situation is thus stated: “ There are three courses for the Legislature to late: The Urtt it tof'jh*. The second is to fold aunt and do nothing. The third id to call a State Convention. vuutcimuu. “ There uovtd he a *manimous vole* In favor of the tint. if we had any power to make a decent reeittatxc.” There !s the whole s!ory. If the rebels had the means of making even a decent resist ance, they would fight, and if there were no other reason this alone would justify the Government in sending a milltarv force to pro tect the Union men ia the privilege of voting The whole scheme of reconstruction amounts to a provision that in the organization of State Governments in the rebel States the loya’ists shall not be excluded from the privilege ol voting. Had the rebels not dis franchised these men, there would not have been any trouble in reconstruction. Know ing that the rebels would never permit these loyal men to vote, Congress provided a mili tary force to compel them to submit. Tne whole country will approve the act. If men will not be honest, the law must protect the public from their dishonesty. Ilad the South shown the least disposition to be just, they would have been treated liberally ; had they shown any other dispo sition than the one to fight if they could, lueir lot would have been a less irksomeone. As it is, they will have to submit to see that justice done which they denied, and they w ill have to submit to having It done with out the jtower on their part to “ make a de cent resUtance.” IKK SUPPLEMENTARY RECON STRUCTION BitL. Senator Wilson Las introduced a very im portant bill supplementary to the Recon struction Law. We deem the passage of this or a similar measure of vital importance, and hope it may he promptly passed into a law. Having adopted it, Congress should not ad journ without waiting to see what the Presi dent will do with it, and to pass it over his bead in case of a veto. It does not in any manner change the principles of the new Reconstruction Law, but simply provides the method for carrying that law into operation, in such a manner as to secure the prompt organization of Governments io the Southern States. It directs the commanding officer of each district to make a complete, regis tration of lawful voters prior to the first of September next. As soou as the registration is completed, he is required to cause an elec tion to be held for delegates to a Constitu tional Convention, within thirty days from \hc date of proclamation of such election. He is to appoint the officers of such election, s,nd is lo make proclamation of the persons elected delegates, and to designate where they shall meet and the time, which is to be within sixty days from the date of the elcc ; lion. The delegates are to frame a Constitu tion and transmit the same to the President, who shall the same to Congress. If found to be in accordance with the provi sions of the Reconstruction Law, then the State shall be entitled to representation aud shall he admitted. This supplementary act will complete the Reconstruction Dill. As we have before -••.id, the only deficiency in that measure was that it did not provide the method by which it shall he curried into operation, whether the existing Southern Goveraui cats choose to take steps under it or uot. This deficiency will be fully supplied by the adop tion of Mr. Wilson’s measure, and Govern ments a ill he formed in every State before the first of next January. In the case of such obstinacy as is exhibited by the Legis lature of Louisiana, it is highly important to piovidc forgoing on without requiring any assistance from snch mulish rebels. Peotectixg American Industry-—There was imported into the United States during the month of January, ISO 7, from Europe, printing paper to the value of §15,033 In gold. This invoice was all imported by Horace Greeley, the champion of “protec tion to American iudustrj’.” The effect of this importation of **pfiiiper"-niadc paper was bad on the domestic producer. From eighteen cents a pound the “protected” arti cle fell to sixteen, in the New York market. The American manufacturers have losllico cents a pound as the result of this blow un der the fifth rib administered by their philo sophical friend and champion, 11. G-, of the New York Tribune. The market was “knocked flat” by this invoice, and the paper makers were warmed that If they did not “climb down” two cents a pound, there would be another and larger importation ot the pro ducts of “pauper labor.” The philosopher preaches “protection," but practices “free trade.” Ho Js loud la his advice to his read ers to buy in the dearest market and sell in the cheapest, but he Is careful not to set them an example of It. There Is a good deal of method in our old friend's madness after all. ‘. The New York Tribune assails Con gross for repealing the tax on newspaper ad vertisements. It admits that the newspaper business for the put year has been quite dull, and the profits of most papers, Includ ing its own, very limited; but then the money, it says, was needed to pay off the national debt! But this Is a very cheap sort of public spirit. While the proposition was pending before Congress for six or eight weeks, to strike the tax fromadvertisements, H. G. spoke not a word, against it. Hfs pa per preserved perfect silence; but the mo ment It became known that the tax was re pealed and the thing beyond recall, and the SIO,OOO paid by that concern last year on its advertisements was not to be required this year, H. G. opens his mouth and brays loud ly against the iniquity of cutting off this quarter of a million of revenue, which ought to be sacredly applied to the liquidation of the national debt, which it would accom plish in the brief period of 10,750 years. The course of the New York Tribune on this tax-matter, as well os on that of im porting “pauper” made paper from Europe, is perfectly characteristic. It roars for pro tection and high prices in public, and pri vately knocks down tbe price of home-made paper ftoo cents— to the great loss of the American manufacturer. It gives the assent of silence to the repeal of tbe tax on adver tisements while the bill is pending, and then publicly assails the repeal os soon as it is a "fait accompli.” If our namesake would either practice what it professes, or. profess what It practices—no matter which—lts reputation for consistency and honesty would pass at a less discount among the “ men and brethren of the West.” Our brethren of the press recollect that through the friendly influence of Messrs. Colfax, Cook, Farnsworth, Morrill, Allison, Garfield, Orth, Cullom, Paine, and other members, the tax on newspaper ad vertisements was struck off in the Internal Revenue Bill as it passed the House. They also remember that Fcsseudcn in tbe Senate op posed this repeal, made a speech.against,it, end that on his motion tbe tax was put on again. But there were various disagree ments between the two Houses, and a Con ference Committee was called for to recon cile them. To the forethought and friendship of Speaker Colfax for the press, are we indebted for the abolition of the advertising tax. After he Bad appointed the House conferees, be personally solicited them to see that the interests of the press were not lost sight of or sacrificed in the conference, but that pub lishers bo placed on equal footing as re spects taxation with paper, ink aud type manufacturers. The committee were feitb tul to bis injunction, and obliged the surly Senators to give way on that point, and con sent to remove the vexatious impost. It was in this way tbe tax on advertisements came fo be repealed. The press of the coun try will not forget the obligation they are tmocr to tbclr talented and popular fellow ctafUmnn, in freeing their business of a bur den of $300,000 per annum—a tax which, un like most other excises, could not bo charged on customers, but had to he paidby the publishers themselves. Vigorous CrawflaUlng. A curious instance of ground and lofty tumbling is given latliecascofone the chiefs of the Michigan Bread-and-Buttcr Brigade —General 0.8. Wilcox, recently confirmed by the Senate os Colonel in the regular army. Wilcox, after receiving peculiar favors from the Republican party of Michigan, joined, last summer, the party of A. J. To use the language of the Detroit Tribune and Adver tiser, “He was ontepoken against the policy of Con* gress, and even contemptuous in (be language he employed in Ms publicspeeches. He followed the fortunes of that ephemeral concern, and was re warded for Us political services by an appoint men! as Assessor of Internal Revenue for the hirst District of our State, tie qualified and en tered npon the discharge of bis duties, tic seems, However, to have soon bad a falling out with other members of the Detroir-CeatraMohnson junta, Irom which he was relieved by an appointment as Colonel in the army, during the recces of the Senate la the (all of 1836. He accepted and was at once ordered to bis post, lit* nomination was sent in at the last session, was re ferred to the appropriate committee and reported npon unfavorably, as is understood. While the matter was in this somewhat alarming condition, and before bis name was reached lu the regular call of the calendar for action. General Wilcox ap parctily underwent a sudden change of opinion npon the vital and momentous questions os which a few months before be had opposed tbe«>ollcy of Congress, and advocated that of ihc Jo bason Bread-anri-Bnttor party.” General Wilcox, itseems, wascarrled off by the bait of a Colonelcy in the Regular Army, and, in order to encourage the Senate to con firm bis appointment, wrote a letter to Sen ator Dotard which in all respects is a re freshing curiosity of political literature ; “ 1 have the honor to explain that 1 have been brought up in the military service, over twenty onto! twenty-four years including mv cadetship, i bat last summer, while in civil life and no: /x ptciiug to re-enter the ternc' s induced, with a sol dier's feeliiig of magnanimity toward conquered toes, i favored conciliatory measured, but that lime a*:d o v sirvaiiou have taught me mymlstakc, and that now military measure arc necessary in the ?omh. until taosc rebellious people com pletely acquiesce In the Unas imposed by Con giees lor restoration. My present pos'Uoo Is best defined by Major General George H. Thomas' Iciterreccnily published, and ia his vietfs 1 most hearUly cot car.” If there were anything more humiliating than Wilcox’s own letter, we should imagine it to be that of the Michigan representatives who commend his confirmation. They state: *• General O. B. Wilcox has called noon ns and urged up very s.rongly to recommend his coufirai aiion a- Colonel in the regular army. He has av Mixed os that he is satisfied that he made a great mistake lucopuecilng hlmsclt with the par*/in au"uratecl at Philadelphia on the 4th of August last, ana be 1b satisfied that Mr. Johnson** recon struction policy is wrong, and mat he Is now a wjinn supporter of tho congressional policy, tie lutther states that to bis professional character as an officer of the army, he ehali endeawr In good tuith to carry out the Congressional policy of re construction ol toe rebel & tales.” Cannot Rely onTliem. [From the Lynchburg Virginian.] One ttma is certain. In on-judgment; and that is, that tee cannot rely vpon the conservative (eo caUed) vtojde of the North. They seem to be demoralized* and consent themselves simply with lame protests against the usurpations and outra ges of Congress. Neither can we cite, with any effect, the decisions of the Supreme Court, Thai boa? ta now supporting the Constitution, bat how-lone It will be found in accord therewith de pends npon the little of life that remains to one infirm old man who must soon sink Into the grave. The Court will then be equally divided, sud Its decisions upon ail political quos'lons be neulralizod. But, If it were even otherwise, It comm anas no respect. The Virginian speaks the truth when it says that the cx-rcbels cannot rely on the Democrats of the North to aid them in re sisting the execution of the Reconstruction BUI. They ate not only ‘‘demoralized,” but a majoiity of them, at least, are in favor of the law. It the “South” should madly and blindly undertake to resist by force, the probabilities arc that the Northern Democ: raev would rival the Republicans as a war party to crush out resistance by military power, and enforce the law to the letter. The very best thing our Southern brethren can do is to adopt the advice of Governor Brown and General Chalmers, and accept the plan of Reconstruction in good Jalth, and proceed to reorganize their State Gov ernments neder it without delay. It is utter tolly for them to suppose that the North will ever consent to the disfranchisement of the loyal colored people of the South. The terms now oifered to the ex-rebels arc the easiest and best they ever can obtain, and they should be exceedingly thankful that conditions so fair aud generous are accorded to them, considering the nature and magni tude of their guilt and crime against nation al unity and republican institutions. “Robbins Peter lo Pay Paul.)’ Dxxviiix, 111, March 7. To the Editor of l!ic Chicago Tribune: I have been much pleased by tbe stand you have taken against the proposed high tariff. It docs uot seem as If the measure could benefit any one, in the long ran. Raise the price on all Imported articles and you ad vance the cost of living to all, and tbe price cf labor must advance in proportion. The wtol-growcr will be taxed on his commodi ties, and have to pay more wages. It is rob bing Peter to pay Paul. The manufacturer must pay higher wages and more for his ma teria*, so it will be doubtful whether he will be the gainer. The advance in the cost of material and the cost of living, increasing the. cost of the manufactured articles here, will enable the foreign manufacturer to com pete as heretofore, so that those who are crying out for protection will not get pro tected much, though they -pay so dearly for it. Experience shows that the imports will 'continue under an enormous tariff. How about the exports ? The cost of production must increase with the increase of labor and our ability lo compete with other nations will decrease in proportion. We are almost run out of the market of the world in some things already, and if those infatuated men Uke H. G. could stick on a tariffhlgbenough to suit them, I presume we should have to export all bonds or gold to pay our foreign debts. E - J - P - i;eo. Peabody and Hu Correspondent* The Boston DaW Advcrlhcr prints the fol lowing note from George Feahody: To ibe Editors of the Boston Daily Advertiser: Mr. Geo Peabody, intending soon to leave for England, deems it a duty due to himself to inform all those who, during ms visit 01 ten months in his native country, have writ ten to him asking loans of money, donations to literary institutions, subscriptions to churches, public charities, &c.. or assistance lor themselves or others, that the great num ber of these communications has rendered it impossible lor him to read, or answer, or evtn to omii them in person. The latter duty has thcieforc, been assigned conjlden - Unify to others. , . And as many of tho writers have request ed that their applications should be kept . teeret, Mr. Peabody would slate that he has this dav caused these letters, amounting to nearly’four thousand, to he burnt iu his presence,—thus relieving their apprehensions and his own responsibility- OERMAHT. The New North German Oonfeder- atioa. The New Constitution. The Struggle Between Royalty and tlie Liberals. Count Bhmark. His Eilraordinary Dental Activity and Physical Endurance. A Blow at the Freedom'of the Press. The Prorogation of Parliament and the King’s Speech. [Special Coirespondcncc of the Chicago Tribune.] Bznu-v, February 16. For once both the official and semi-official press organs of the Government bare been guilty of letting loose ft full-plumed canard. The intelligence announced by them two weeks ago with a confident air of antborita tlvenees, and repeated by me in my last, that the Convention of the plenipotentiaries of the North German States had come to a com plete agreement as to the terms of the Con stitution of the new North German Confed eracy, and that the fundamental federal pact had been signed by them all, was entirely premature. The deliberations of the Conven tion were continued until Friday last,aud the formal acceptance of their result by the sev eral members did not take place until tbe day before yesterday, when all tbe plenipotentia ries assembled at noon, “ in state,” at the Foreign Office, and then and there attached their signatures to the engrossed original of the pact agreed upon after a session of near ly two months. On yesterday the worthy assemblage met once more, to give, accord ding to old established diplomatic usage, the final consecration to their work at a splen did dinner at the Hotel Royal 44 Unter den Linden,” on which occasion Count BlsmarK, Privy Councillor de Savlgny, the President of the Convention, and various second and third rate diplomatists got off a considerable number of toasts and speeches glorifying the King, his princely confederates, the Conven tion, and the ledcral army and navy. The Prussian Moniteur on yesterday .con tained the official announcement of the “happy result*’ of the Convention, together with some noteworthy genera) comments upon the same. The official article claimed that the several allied Governments had “ very .readily” consented to the transfer to Prussia of those of their sovereign powers, whose surrender was absolutely necessary for the. development of a strong, coherent, federal body. It maintained that Prussia bad demanded only the most indispensable concessions, and gave special credit to Saxo ny fortbe patriotic readiness with which she yielded to the “moderate” Prussian de mands. In view of the notorious fact, that, with the exception of the Saxon Duchies, c •scry one of the States represented in the Convention raised strong objections to cer tain provisions of the draft of the organic law of the Federation submitted bp Prussia, and that the opponents yielded only because they could not help themselves, the com ments of the J fonUeur read like bitter irony. The kind reference to Saxony appears par ticularly sarcastic, when it is remembered, that to this hour Dresden, Leipsic and all other important points, in that Kingdom, have been compelled to harbor strong Prus sian garrisons, which were, of coarse, kept there for the sole purpose of insuring the compliance of the Saxon Government with the “ moderate” demands of Prussia. An event occurred, Indeed, a few days be* fore the close of the deliberations of the Con. ventlon, which made It plain enough that the Prussian Government, In order to overcome the opposition of its allies from choice and compnislon to the terms of Us Federal scheme, found 1c necessary to give special assurance to the rulers of the several States that it had no intention to disturb them in their positions as sovereigns. In the latter part of last week, the Lower House of Parliament had passed a bill, Intended to guarantee full liberty of the press to publish tbe debates of the National Assembly to be elected for the North German Confederacy. The bill came up for consideration In the House of Lord* on the 3d instant. Count Blsmark, to the sore disappointment of the Liberals of the House, rose to oppose it in a lengthy speech, in which he took the ground that to allow the Press to print all that was spoken in dc* bate, would inaugurate a most dangerous agitation, subversive of public order and morality. Tbe next day bis special orpan, the North German Gaxtte, in an inspired editorial upon the speech, asserted that the remarks of the Prime Min ister had a much deeper meaning and bear ing than appeared on its snrlace, and that the main object of the resolution of the Government not to permit, the publication of verbatim reports of the debates in the National Assembly, was to prevent the spread, outside of that body, of the aglta- lion again rt the Interests of the sovereign confederates of Prussia, it expected to be commenced in Parliament by certain fac tlouists. In other words, the Prussian Gov ernment was determined to act in good faith towards the sovereigns belonging to the new federation, by checking all papular propaganda In lavor of the consolidation of the territory of the Confederacy Into one State by the absorption of the smaller States To make its purport clearer, the article re- ; ferred to the precedent of the consolidating tendencies of the National Parliament of 184§, which the Prussian Government had taken such pains to frustrate. That the profession of such purposes by a Government which, hut a few months ago, in utter disregard of the established rights of “ by the grace of God” rulers, annexed Han over, Hesse-Cassel and Nassau, simply be cause it deemed an enlargement of the limits of the Prussian Kingdom necessary for Us safety, will not find much credence, Is very evident. "Who, In the face of the violent up setting of thrones last summer, will doubt that the same Government will resort to the same means for the consolidation of Its power upon the first favorable opportunity? It is obvious, Indeed, that these professions of tender regard for the security of the petty sovereigns of the North German Confederacy have hut been thrown out by the cunning of Count Bismark In order to make them more pliable during the process of organization, and that, when it Is once finished, and when they are fairly within the grasp of Prussia, another tune will be struck up by the “Northern Moloch,” as the princely victims of last summer love to call the power that has made them landless exiles. My letters will have afforded evidence that, though I admire the great talent and success ot Count Bismark, I am far from being a blind believer In the purity of all his Intentions. 1 have distrusted his coquetting with the Liberals from its very beginning, since the close of the war, and apprehended all along that he showed a certain sympathy with their political ends, only In order to be able to present to Europe tbe spectacle of an apparent complete reconciliation aud har mony of the Prussian Government and peo ple, and thus impress foreign powers the more with the “ strength from unity'*’ of the martial giant of Northern Germany. That the Prussian Premier is not entirely cured from the furious conservatism which pos sessed and made him the mostrecklcsscham pion of royalty, zealous admirer of feudal in stitutions, and bitter opponent of all popular aspirations to constitutional liberty in former years, is proved by the speech above referred 10, from which I subjoin some extracts. The narrow notions he expresses relative to what he pronounces abuses of the Press, If honest convictions aud not mere diplomatic pretexts, advanced for the temporary nur pose mentioned, are certainly unworthy of a great statesman, and will doubtless lessee the admiration felt for their author by the American public. He said ou the stated oc casion : “The royal Government appears to hove gone far enough, in granting freedom of debate to the North German Parliament, to satisfy all demands and expecta tions. lint freedom of debate Is one thing, and liberty to publish all that will be said In Parr Moment is another. I wilt not stale that the pub lic addressed through the Press Is ranch greater, but at the same time. In many respects, less ca pable of than that addressed on the jioor of Parliament; but only refer to the lament able lact that, while every assertion made lo Par liament can be met with correcUon In the form of refn'atlou. a proper correction cannot be applied to by fur the greatest number of newspaper read ers, and this for tba reason that they do not keep two papers, represemme different parties. In order to learn both sides of a ques tion, bat only one, which reproduces only the utterances of the speakers of their own party. He who reads these only ts not in a condition, like hie leader In Parliament, to measure the correctness of nts opinions by the corrections or refutations which the former may provoke In debate; but be will hear only the speaker, with whom hts newspaper sympathizes. 1 mention this 1c o:d«r to show, not that the Government fears tne freest discussion of the (lacetion? that will be snbtniUed to Parliament, but that it wishes an equal distrlDiiuon of Heat fiom hoib sides upon the sources ot Information accessible to the ordinary newspaper reader. Tbls being unattainable, the penal code has to be applied as a preventive, because excesses tn de bate cannot bo corrected for the enlightenment of the public at large and of individual readers, aa they con be in Parliament. Moreover, It Is very Questionable whether it would promote puoilc order and constitutional progress to allow the members personally Interested In newspapers to use the means of agitation entered by the Press, without any of the restraints ot the penal code.” The shallowness of the argument of tho Minster President is best shown by the fact that the leading papers of Prussia have made it their practice for years to reproduce tho debates of the Prussian Parliament with tho gicatcst imuarthlity. more fully even than the proceedings ot Congress in the Uni ted States. Not one of them has ever been guilty of publishing one-sided reports. Count Bismarfc's remarks upon this subject are generally construed Into an Indirect an nouncement that tbe Government will ex ercise a censorship oyer the publication of tbe debates of Parliament—a purpose, which augurs badly as to tbe political advantages the people is likely to bo permitted to de rive from that body. In no. country on the Continent, France not excepted, has the press suffered more from prosecutions by the Government under the penal code than in Prussia. Almost every prominent Liberal organ bos bad fine and imprisonment re peatedly Inflicted upon its editors and publishers. I know one. paper that was prosecuted no less than sixteen times iu a single year. That it will fairly rain prose cutions of the press in Prussia, upon the meeting of the National Assembly, unless the Liberal press contents itself with pub lishing the authorized reports of the pro ceedings, may be considered certain. Simultaneously with the adjournment tine die of the Convention of Plenipotentiaries the prorogation of Parliament took place on Saturday last by the King In person. As is the custom on each occasions, both bouses assembled In a body in the so-called “ ‘White Hall" of the old royal palace to listen to the farewell words of his Royal Majesty, who appeared attended by the Queen, the Prince and Princess Royal and her eldest son, all the other Royal Princes, together with the brother of the King of Belgium and Prince William of Baden, and the grand cortege, Including all the Ministers and other high functionaries of State. The King’s speech was very judiciously worded, and produced a good Impression. After acknowledging the readiness with which Parliament met the wishes of the Govern ment, and congratulating the country on the removal of the difllculties and misunder standings between the Government and the National Legislature, he referred iu detail to the various measures matured during the session which promised to contribute so much to the welfare of Prussia. In conclu sion, he said: “ While the normal development of the Prus sian State In particular will be happily promoted by the Harmonious co-opcraUonotlbe Legislative with tue Executive branch or the Government, the fact that the proposed Constitution of the North German Confederacy has been accepted by nil the Governments aided wnb Prussia Justifies mein (be confident hope that upon the basis of an nul form orcamzaliOD, such as Germany until now vainly sought to attain through countries of atrov glc, the German nation will reap those blessings which Providerce has intended to bestow upon it, in vu tue of Us inherent power and high civili zation, as soon as it ehooldhavo learned to main tain peace and order within and without. I shall consider it the burliest glory of my reign to have been called upon to use the power of my people, strong In ns fidelity, valor and culture, in estab lishing lasting harmony between the German peo ple and Its sovereign. In God, who has so gra ciously tuldcd us, I pot my trust, that we may be pcrmit:cd to reach this end. 11 The session just closed has been a pro tracted and laborious one, and the members will be glad to be relieved from their duties. The prorogation is, no doubt, to no one more welcome than to Count Bismark, who has bad to make truly herculean exertions daring the last two months. A harder worker than he docs not sit in any European Cabinet. What with the supervision of the labors of the Convention of Plenipotentiaries ; his dally attendance at the sittings of Parlia ment ; his daily reports to the King, and his regular duties at the Foreign Ofilcc, he has hardly had a breathing spell since his return from bis vacation late in the fall. The capacity of work and power of endurance of his untiring mind is attested by the fact, that last week be made no less than four set speeches in the houses of Parliament Even as it is, he will have but a brief period of rest, for it is defi nitely settled that tho National Assembly will convene in thiscapital on the SGlb. His main work will then commence. In the last week of the session a new con flict between the Government and the Lower House came very near occurring. The Gov ernment had introduced a bill appropriating twenty-four millions of thalers for the con struction of various new railroads. The House passed It with an amendment provid ing that the Government should have no au thority to dispose of any of the railroads belonging to the State without previous authority from Parliament. The amendment was tacked cn for the purpose of preventing the Government from obtaining means for tbe pursuit of unconstitutional purposes, and defying the authority of Parliament by tbe sale of tbc State roads, as It bad done last fall by tbc sale of the Cologno-Mcnden Railway, from which it derived the means of meeting the extra expenditures of the War Department, for which the Lower House had refused to provide. The hill with the amend ment went to the Upper House, which struck out the latter. Had the Lower House insist ed upon the amendment in Its original form, a new collision would have taken place, without fail, inasmuch as the Government had announced Its inten tion to resist such action. But, induced by tbo shrewd special pleading of Count Bismark, it modified it so as to make tbo restriction of the right of the Government to sell applicable only to the roads to be built. It was a decided back down on the part of the majority. One of the last acts of Parliament was the ratification of the agreement between tho Government and the Prince dc Tour and Taxis for the sale of the latter’s privilege to carry the mads la a number of tbc smaller States that are fo be members of the North German Confederacy. This monopolist, who Is related by marriage to several sovereigns, obtained the exclusive privilege of carrying the mails in nearly all the States of Southern Germany from tne defunct Diet, and out of. it managed to coin on enormous fortune, estimated at no leas than sixty millions of florins. nis annual revenue, from this privilege, although he had sold his right of many of the Governments at very profitable figures, at different times during the las thirty years, still amounted to about two millions of florins when the war broke out last summer. lie demanded an Indemnity of ten millions of thalers from the Prussian Government; but the latter offered him only three, which he was glad to accept. The Parliament ratified the bargain at this figure. Bctfnlt of the Election* for the North German Parliament. [From the New York Tribune, March B.] The detailed accounts which we receive by steamer of the elections for the North, German Parliament do not confirm the Coble despatches, which announced that the Lib erals had swept Berlin, Prussia and Northern Germany In general. In the city of Berlin the victory of the advanced Liberals was complete, and Count Blsmatk and Generals Moitke and Falkensicln were overwhelming ly defeated by Waldcck, Schulze-Uelitzch, and other leaders of the radical wing of the Progressive party. But In tho old Kingdom of Prussia at Jartre the expectation of Connt Bis mark that universal and direct suffrage would secure the election of more Conserva tives than the three class system has been fully justified. One half of all the Prussian members are staunch supporters of the Gov ernment, while the opponents are divided into a number of fractions. Count Btsmark has been elected In two districts (not, os tho Cable announced, in ten); the same is the case with General Moltkc. Nearly all the celebrated Generals of the late war are mem bers of the Parliament, inclusive of Prince Frederick Charles, who has accepted tho mandate. Most of the leading men of the Conservative party have been sncccsatul, while quite a number of Liberal leaders, as Locwc, Tweslcn, Forokenbeck, the Presi dent of the Second Prussian Chamber, have been defeated. The Catholic party has been very unsuccessful, having only elected eight candidates. The election in the newly annexed Prov inces arc on the whole likewise satisfactory to the Prussian Government. All the depu ties from Nassau and Hessc-Cassel ore in favor of the permanent union of these States with Prussia, and so are fully one-half of the delegates from Hanover. Franktort has elected, by an almost unanimous vote, one of the Kothschilds, with whose elec tion the Prussian Government de clares itself well pleased. Only in Schleswig-Holstein all tho can didates of the Government have been defeat ed, the two Duchies sending to Parliament seven partisans of the Prince of Augusteu burp, and two Danes. Toe sixty delegates from the minor Slates arc mostly Liberals on home questions, and strong adherents of 1 the Prussian scheme of confederation on tho national question. Only the Kingdom of 1 Saxony has among Its delegation more par tisans of “particularism” (State rights) than of ihe present scheme of confederation. It Is expected that the whole scheme o! confederation, as it has been agreed upon between Prussia and other State Govern ments, will be adopted by a large majority. On a few questions of administration tho Liberals will have a majority over the Gov ernment, but their majority will, In each case, be small, and Count Bismark will find It much easier to come to au understanding with the Parliament than with the second Prussian Chamber. Beside the two Danes, there arc eleven Poles who will plead the separation ot the districts they repre sent from Germany. The Danes have some, but the Poles hardly have any chance of suc cess. The task of this Parliament is of the utmost importance, and on its successful ac complishment the reconstruction of Central -Europe will, to a large extent, depend. The men chosen to this end by the people are in tellectually well qualified for the task, for the great majority of them have long been recoenized as the foremost representatives of the various departments of public life. The proceedings of such a body cannot fail to be watched with intense interest. NORTHWESTERN ITEMS. The Bureau County (III.) Patriot says it Is the ©pinion of men conversant with wheat growing in that section that all the indica tions are very favorable for an excellent crop of wheat during the coming summer. These conclusions are drawn from the fact that in all probability there will be no trouble from tbe bug; and the long continued steady cold weather, with snow upon the ground, has especially prepared the soil for a bounti ful yield. Tbe Rockford Jlcgisler says that the Rock ford Accommodation train, In coming from Chicago on Thursday afternoon, ran over and killed a man ot Wheaton, who was cross ing the track in a wagon. On the approach of the train his horses became frightenedaud balked, and the train was on him before ho coaid escape. We bare not learned the on fortunate man's name. The Prairie da Chlen (Wls.) Union says that white the wife of H. B. RUtcohonse, at Johnstown, was absent at a neighbor's house, some fifty rods distent, two of her children, one a babe five months old. and the other a little girl three years old, were so badly burned by their clothes taking fire, that the youngest died Iu a few boars, and the other is in a perilous condition. On Thursday last, at the Anderson Junction of the Bellefontaine Railroad, Indiana, while Mr. Ralston, of Millville, was attempting to leave tbe cars with hi* little daughter, five years old, in his arms, be fell on the plat form, and his child was forced from his arms on the track. The wheels passed over her taking off one loot at the ankle, the other above the knee, and one hand. The little sufferer uied iu two hours after. FINANCE AND TRADE. Tbe Defeat of the Tariff Iniquity, In ternal Taxation, and the Condition of Oar Finances. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: Thanks to that good fortune which has thus far attended the Republican party, the rascally Tariff Bill of 1867, horn in corrup tion and nurtured in villainy, has at last come to grief, and Its special advocates, the manu facturers' agents, who thronged the com mittee rooms of the Capitol both sessions of the last Congress, have nothing more to do but to pack their satchels, draw on their masters to pay their cigar, whiskey and tavern bills, and shako the dust of Washing ton from off their feet. Let ns ardently hope that this will he of their at tempts to tamper with the Fortieth Con gress in the same manner, should any ho made. Farmers and honest men never boro and button-hole Congressmen in this way, to rob the nation for their special benefit, and all who do so should be unceremoniously kicked out. For much of this good lack the people of the Northwest are deeply in debted to the vigorous, energetic and well sustained attacks of the Chicago Tribune, and they are not backward in saying so. No more complete scheme for disembowel ling the West for the benefit of New Eng land and Pennsylvania was ever devised, with H. G., of the New Pork Tribune , at its head. H. G. chased into a corner, from whence he docs not attempt to reply to your argu ments, at last usks what plan have the peo ple of the West for the nation’s welfare, since they will have none of his uuwlse schemes? The answer is plain and easy.

Let the nation atone precisely as each indi vidual iu it is let alone, and let it work itself out without any tinkering, as it must do at last. Look what the commerce and manufac tures of the country have come to nuder tbc manipulation of Morrill, Greeley & Co. The ship building of Maine is transferred to the neighboring British Province of New Brunswick, leaving tho “protected” tim ber, copper, bemp, lumber, gloss, oil, duck, iron and labor of New England to grieve over Us desolation. An advertisement In tbc New York Tridune, last summer, showed that the manulactnro of sewing machines for foreign trade in this country was entirely broken up and trans ferred to Imperial France, where half a dozen men dare not meet together to discuss public questions for fear one or more of the number is a Government spy. This advertisement offered sewing machines of the various kinds, Singer, Wheeler & Wilson, Grover & Baker, &c., at fourteen to twenty dollars each, In Paris, France, according to finish, such as we pay SSO to $l5O for hero! The same is true of the manufacturer of revolvers, and other fit canns; while our foreign commerce Is pretty much all now carried on in foreign bottoms, French, English or German, there not being now a single American steamer crossing tbc ocean. This is the present con dition of a nation whose sails formerly whitened every sen, from Nova Zembla to Capo Horn. “ British free trade,” forsooth! Let any candid man look at the workings of this system and judge if the country has not suffered enough from it. Or do we need more of this terrible teaching? If wo do, it is not very far off. Greeley A Co. have been dreadfully worried lor years, because tbe gold of the country went abroad for commercial purposes. Gold goes because it pays to go, and for no other reason. Tbc course of the precious metals for centuries has been from West to East, and it may bo so for centuries more. Our gold goes to Europe, from whence it goes to India and China, where it sinks out of sight. Docs Greeley desire our people to be like those of India, that happily governed Province of the British Empire, where more than a million of people perished of starva- tion within the last twelve months? Or China, where the people lire on rats and pnppics, and habitually practice infanticide —the murder of their new-born babes ? For a quarter of a century Greeley has predicted disaster and misfortune, through our extrava gance and ovcr-tradlpg; yet wc are certainly a great deal richer in every point of view, than wc were when he began his lamenta- tions and Jeremiads. When this country gits like India and China—where every mao is afraid of bis fellow man—afraid to let U be known how wealthy be is, and afraid to invest bis gold when be gets It, either in loans or ia money-making Improvements, beneficial not only to himself but to tbc world, then, and not before, will Greeley get his wish, and the gold “will stay la the country,” and disappear from sight. The true course for the people of this Re public to pursue is to energetically oppose all these schemes for a few men to become enormously rich by plucking and robbing the many. This thing of “protecting Amer ican Industry” from the “pauper labor of Europe” sounds plausibly, it Is true, but that Is the only merit it possesses, and the nation lias certainly tried It sufficiently the last sis years to bo perfectly satisfied with the re sult. It Is no part of the duty of Congress to perpetually dabble In and unsettle the prices and valncs of all merchantable com modities In the country—to raise them up or depress them at the bidding, or sugges tions, or persuasions, or bribiegs of a venal and corrupt lobby, assembled at the Capitol for none but the most selfish and corrupt purposes. Let the trade of the country se* vcrelyand entirely alone; let the finances of the country alone. Both will regulate themselves If anything Is wrong, and Con* gross or any other like body Is utterly pow erless to effect such a result. Their action may make fortunes for a cunning and schem ing few, but this Is done at the expense and out of the propcity ofjthc hard-working, unsuspecting many who are staying at home minding their own business, relying on Con gress to protect them. Nothing is more nntrnc than that the issue of greenbacks by Government is “ inflation of the currency.” It is simply an over Issue of paper money, which will adjust itsell to the currency of the world the moment Con gress ceases to tamper with It. It has already done so in California, and In making purchases of groceries and other staple im* ported goods In the seaboard markets. In flation Is a very different thing, and consists of an over issue of specie paying paper money, such as has several times occurred in onr financial history, to be speedily fol lowed by a ruinous contraction and revul sion, when the weak banks fall and their cir culation becomes worthless, while the strong ones arc compelled to withdraw their paper frera circulation altogether. The conse quences are well known, but ore very dif ferent from the pre-ent state of affairs, when wc arc ovcrhurlhcncd with enormous taxa tion, to which, in addition to their immense amount, some Insane people, like H. Q., Secretary McCulloch, and some others, arc attempting to add from one-third to one half more, by making them payable In specie in stead of greenbacks. The amount of taxes paid to Government by the American people for the year ending Jane 30, ISCG, was over nVE HUNDRED AND SIXTY-ONE MILLIONS of dollars ($561,.'572,2G0.00); Great Britain, composed of England, Scotland and Ireland, in the same year paid a little more than three hundred and fifty-four millions / Had she paid in the same ratio with ourselves, sho would have raised over one thousand four hundred millions! Her taxation was less than one per cent to her wealth; ours was nearly four per cent. Hers was raised in such a manner as least to enhance prices, over twenty-seven per cent being levied on spirits and tobacco, while we obtained but a trifle over five and a half per cent from these sources. [Sec Well’s Report, page twenty-seven.] Our enormous taxation is raised by main strength, from all the vital necessities consumed by the people, scch ns salt, iron, and cheap cotton and woollen goods, and comparatively a small portion goes to the Government, the rest going to the manufacturers. The result is before the country in the Ills of which Gree ley & Co. so loud'y complain. We are now by far the most heavily taxed and overtraded nation on the face of the globe, and our gold and bonded indebtedness at seventy cents on the dollar is flowing from us in torrents. The only cure for such evils ia a deep and radi cal one—to cast aside the false teachings of Greeley & Co., and come back once more as speedily as possible to the true principles of political economy, which embody all the elements of true national prosperity, and cease our empirical tinkering with such vi tally important questions. Occident. NEW ENGLAND ITEMS. The Maine papers assert that the sleigh ing in the upper part of that State is belter now than at any previous time this season. The organ in use in the Episcopal Church, Portsmouth (N. n.), is said to bo the oldest on ihis Continent. It was made in York, England, during the times of Cromwell, but was In use lu King’s Chapel, Boston, and in a church in Newhuryport, before it was ta ken to Portsmouth, thii ty years ago. A correspondent of the Maine Farmer says it is found, from careful estimates, that there are fourteen millions of acres still cov ered wllb forests in the State of Maine, and of this forest fire millions are supposed 10 be covered with hemlock timber. The ares will yield atjeast one million cords of hemlock bark, the tannins: properties of which, re* dneedto an imperishable extract for the manufacture of leather, will command a ready sale at a price equal to [|lo per cord making in the aggregate sixteen hundred millions! At the recent meeting of the Massachu setts Cheese Manufacturers' Association, at West Brookfield, the several factories repre sented made the following reports for 1860: Barrc Central, capital $7,800, cheese manu factured 156,711 pounds, profit per 100 pounds $15.81; Barre South, capital $5,053, cheese manufactured 67,619 pounds, profit per 100 pounds $10.92; Worcester County (Warren), cheese manufactured 143,773 pounds, profit per 100 pounds $16.59; Grey lock (South Adams), capital $3,000, cheese manufactured 110,470 pounds, profit per 100 poundssls; Petersham, cheese manufactured 87,188 pounds, profit per 100 pounds $10.50; New Braintree, capital $3,000, cheese manu factured 173,203 pounds, profit per. 100 pounds SI7X2; Hardwick Union, capital $4,500, cheese manufactured 70,063 pounds, profit per 100 pounds $15.60; Hard w ick Cen tral, capital $4,213, cheese manufactured 215,832 pounds, profit per 100 pounds $10.55. T. S. Clement, sixty years old, recently bead of the dry goods house of Clement, Tasker & Co., at Boston, died last week from a dose of laadanutn, which he had taken to produce death. An act Is pending In the Rhode Island Legis lature to punish any person who gets up a public masked ball by a fine of SSOO for the first offence, and a year’s Imprisonment for the second. Mrs. Betsey Baker, a daughter of Joel Met calf, of Providence, Rhode Island, and who braided, when twelve years old, the first straw bonnet in the United States, having os a model and guide only a bonnet imported from England, died at West Dedham, Sun day week, aged eighty-eight. Mr. Britton of Ashhuruham, Mass., was killed on the 25th ult. by the bursting of a circular saw. The man having charge of the saw let it run on an iron connected with the carriage, causing it to break and fly Into pieces. Mr. Britton was standing twelve or fifteen feet from the saw. A piece two feet or more long, weighing sixteen pounds, struck him, making a fearful wound six or eight inches long In his thigh, penetrating through from the fore to the hack side. The same piece also struck him on his body above the thigh, causing internal injuries. He was taken up senseless and carried to his house, where he lived only about five hours, in terrible pain. George B. Jones, a colored man, was elected one of the constables of Blackstonc, Mass., on Monday last. The grave of the Revolutionary hero, Gen eral Israel Putnam, at Brooklyn, Conn., is neglected and in danger of being forgotten. The tablet which formerly marked It 1s now locked up in a store-house at that place, that visitors may beprevented from chipping it to pieces. Some years ago the State made an appropriation to erect a monument to General Putnam, on condition that tho peo ple of Windham County raised an equal amount, which they failed to do. The Boston hotel keepers have petitioned the Legislature for a charter for an insurance company, and the owners of planing mills and piano forte manufacturers arc going to adopt a similar course, as a relief from tbc present rates of the Insurance companies, which they consider too onerous. As the fires arc more numerous when trade and business Is dull than In prosperous times, it Is quite probable that insurance can be more equally and reasonably effected If parties that arc engaged in tbc same pursuits all in sure In the same company. Sis owes wero sold by Edwin Hammond & Son, of Middlcbnry, Conn., recently, to Abram and John Good, of Clarence Centre, N. Y., for $3,000. Boston is without a Collector, Naval Offi cer or United States Marshal. PERSONAL ITEMS. True Cboat, for many years one of tbe prominent citizens and largest shipbuilders of Ncwburyport, Mass., died lately. On Monday, tbc 11th lost., Rev. Dr. John Todd, of Pittsfield, Mass., author of tho “Students’ Manual,” an “Index Review,” etc., celebrated the fortieth anniversary of bis marriage, which is termed the “opal wedding.” Maturln M. Ballou is tbe owner of tbe new St. James Hotel at Boston, at the South End, which Is to be opened next January. Hannah Smith, of Wellington, Shropshire, U the name of a new female writer In Eng land. She is the author of The Travelling Post Office in Mugby Junction. Dr. Jayne, of “ Expectorant” notoriety, left two millions of property. His widow is said to be about marrying a ( wealthy young man of New Jersey. Tho husband of Harriet Prescott Spofford Was !□ Boston wU«n h» laarnstMhat tin had become a father by this despatch dated Ncwburyport: “Dear father, I came to town this morning at eleven o’clock, and, when you are disengaged, I shall be happy to bo Introduced to you. Truly your affec tionate son, Richard Spofford Spofford.” There Is some prospect that Jenny Lind will agalivvlslt this country. An exchange says that Ex-President Day, of Yale College, aged ninety-four is the ori ginal “ live long Day.” A subscription has been opened in Paris for the erection ofa statue ofYoltalre. It is thought that five hundred thousand francs cau be raised. Ames, the artist, has lately completed a life-size, three-quarters length portrait of Abraham Lincoln. An elaborate life of Humboldt 5s soon to be published in Berlin. Victor Hugo Is writing a drama more hor rible than anything that has yet proceeded from his pen. The hero is a monster who commits half a dozen murders, and then poisons bis own wife, and blows his brains out. It must bo a cheerful play. An actress named Jananschck, who calls herself “the German Ilistorl,” is to visit this country. Carl Formes is singing in Hamburg with only moderate success. Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe and her broth er, Iter. Charles Beecher, sailed from New York last Tuesday, en route to Florida, in which State Captain Frederick B. Stowe owns and cultivates a farm. They expect to remain in the land of centipedes and flowers some six mouths. Sir. William Everett, son of Edward Ev erett, inherits somewhat of the peculiar tal ent of his father. He made a brief but elo quent address on Tuesday evening, before the members of the New York Historical Society. Signor Lottl, having returned from Mexi co, announced bis intention of going to Eu rope. ■ As It was generally known that bo hadn’t made more than $100,003 by his trip, a friend asked him how he would get the money to travel with. “ Oh! ” said the un embarrassed tenor, “ that’s easy enough. Don’t you see, I shall give a very-wll con cert.” Lord Shaftesbury has apprenticed one of his sons to a celebrated London engineer. He means the boy to be as “eccentric” and “ cranky ” as himself. Dion Boucicault is in Paris,- making ar rangements for the production of two new ploys which he has been commissioned to write by'Frcnch managers. Since St. Marie left Home a friend of bis, Charles Cazc, In the Papal Zouaves, has been murdered. It is supposed it was because he was privy to the arrest of Surratt. The Hon. John Preston, a prominent advo cate of the principles of temperance and lib erty among the public men of New Hamp shire, died at his residence, in New Ipswich, on Tuesday, March 5, at the age of C 5. Goins <o the pari* Exhibition. [Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] New Yoke. MarchS, 1867. Sprint: bus come at last. Wo bare bad a lor? and hard winter, bat within a few days the rain has poured down in floods, sweep ing away the last of the snow drifts, and soon the green grass will appear on the hill sides. With the opening of spring there is a gen eral rush of our people abroad. The Paris Exhibition will attract tens of thousand*. Every steamer that leaves for Europe goes out full, and state-rooms on the Cunard and other lines are engaged for months ahead. A number of our most prominent citizens have been appointed Commissioners to the Exhibition, and will spend a good part of the summer In Pans. Hon. Samuel B. Haggles leaves to-morrow on the French steamer Brest. A. T. Stewart, our great merchant, who is also to represent our country, has taken a hotel in Paris, and Intends to dis pense hospitality on a princely scale to his brother Commissioners. Key. Dr. Bellows Is going out with his family on the Great Eastern on the 16th of May. Indeed, with this rush of people abroad i do not know what we should do without the help ol this Leviathan. As it is, there will probably be a great deal ol crowding and discomfort on the Canard line, which, from Us long success, has acquired a certain pres tige with the travelling public. Bat those who have been on the Great Eastern in her late voyages, think she will soon become the favorite o'f Americans. Mr. Cyras W. Field, who has crossed the Atlantic over forty times, says she is by far the most comfort able ship he was ever in at sea. She is stiff and strong as a rock, and goes through the water without any of that pitching which tears the life out of unfortunate landsmen, when they first try “a home on the rolling deep.” Nobody ever matter ed more execrations on the sea than Hemy Ward Beecher. He came over on a Cnnardcr several years ago, and afterwards described his sensations by saying that 4, be seemed for twelve days to be float ing in bis coffin 1” But he could probably cross in the Great Eastern without the least discomfort. The ship Is an eighth of a mile long, and reaches over half a dozen waves at once, so that she has no chance to pitch. For invalids, or persons subject to seasickness, this is ft matter of immense Importance to comfort. Another advantage of the great size of the ship Is the spaciousness given to the statft»roo ms. On the Scotls, which is the largest of the Cunard line, the state-rooms &re little better than closets, and in crawl ing Into one of these narrow berths, a man feds as if be were climbing np on a shelf in a cupboard to sleep. But those of the Great Eastern are high and roomy, with wide berths, and a sofa on one side, and room for a table in the middle. Captain Anderson writes to a friend here : “ The condition of the £r(*at ship Is In all respects.snperiorto my anticipations. She is a magnificent, great, strong fabric, and will sail on the £Oth ot ilarcb, stronger, better equipped, in' better steaming order, sod with more steaming power than she ever yet started with since she was launched. I venture to say that she will be recognized, when she ar rives In America, as tbe finest ocean palace that ever floated, with every convenience for two thousand passengers, without crowding or anything to cause discomfort.” Those who know Captain Anderson would add that the greatest pleasure of all would be to make the voyage tciihMn. He was fourteen years In the Cunard line, and was a great favorite with the travelling public. He is an admirable seaman, and a modest, true, Christian gentleman. Those are fortunate who can make tbe voyage to Europe this summer in such a ship, with each a com mander! Observes. THE NEW TURK CUSTOM MOUSE FRAUDS. Collector Smythc’« Defence la Besard to tb« General Order Btulness. The attorney of Collector Smy the, of New York, has written a letter, addressed to the President, to which Smythc signs bis same, and denying the charges made against him, by the Congressional Invest!* gating Committee. As a New York paper remarks: The elaborate defence of the Collector from charges inat were not brought against him, occu pies much of tbe letter, anoHecma to us entirely manufactory. But theme are not questions in dis pute. Mr. Smytbe is accused by the committee of profligate practices, extravagance, and wanton In terference with the rights of merchants, in connec tion with the General Order bnslneas, and this ac cusation needs to be hurl/ met. Mr. smytbe dismisses It in a paragraph, in which no asser tion «ii the committee is shown to bo Incorrect. It is admitted that the price for which the General Order bnsim.Bß was sold was to have been divided among the Collector’s political friends. members of l engress, and a female of the name of Perry,of Cincinnati. The following is the explanation made by Smythe’s lawyer to which his signature Is attached: The facts regarding the “General Order busi ness” arc these: I found It in the bands of a nephew of one, the partner of another, and the eon of another of ny predecessors Ip this office, with certain diautautlve shares allotted to tbe prrpiletor of the Independent , a weekly religions newspaper. published lo this city, and to other politician*. These facts were presented to me at tbe commence Tifot of my unties, and 1 was informed tnat-the proßts of tbe busit eaa wore legally and properly distribut able perquisites of my office. Baling no partners or/datives to share in these, and being satisfied with my other endowments, I formed the ourpose io divide and distribute tbe whole amount thus: A portion to a friend, not sncceaslal la basloess, who bad aided me when I was a boy stioggling for advancement as a clerk in a New York/tore; a portion to political friends, who bad commended me to the senate; a portion lo one or two assistants, whose salaries aid not seem tome adequate to their services; a portion to a member of i ongress previously interested in tide storage business; a portion to a woman named Mrs. who presented herself tome as interested :n Ban J. Phelps obtaining the nu* Incss, and who bad losthcruasband and sons laibewar. and ali her property by fire; a portion reserved for a “polfiical fund” to project the cle«ks In tbe Coelom House against the election eering assessments, heretofore reel'd upon them. This pnrpoie, as I testified to the committee un der oath, and again repeat bore, was unknown to moat of those whom 1 intended to commit the business to, was a purpose never executed, a half Conned protect, speedily dUmi'scd from .mv mind. My first action in tbe matter was to transfer tbe General Order bosi ners to E. C, Johnson & <"o., withontr, payment, agreement, or understand ing as to any profits they might make from the business, but this transfer disturbed so many po litical "rings,” and interfered with so many “vested rights,” and complaints from merchants of excessive charges, soon led me to believe that a further change was as necessary for my comfort as lor the public good, that after a short expert merit, I transferred the “General Order business” to Myers & Smith, as before, without payment, agreement, or understanding, expressed or im- Filled, with orders to reduce their charges to a lasts sadsfactor) to the merchants, wim the dis tinct InfoimaUon that any just complaints from merchants would be deemed aoffleient reason for ita prompt withdrawal. Bat oae complaint, and that trivia}, lias 'been made Irom that day to this. I again repeat that i never received one dollar Irom ibis scarce In any form whatever, directly or Indirectly: and. of coarse, never distributed what I never received. Oat of my own pocket, la simple charity, I did relieve Mrs. Perry’s disap pointment by Ktvmir her enough money to take Her home to Ihc West—an indiscretion I have been gtnity oi in more cases than one—to the horror of this benevolent and pore-minded com mittee. l mo,' Sir, most respectfully your obedient ser vant, llxstiy A- Smttub, Collector of ihe Port of New York. The proprietor of the Independent finding his name mixed up with the “ General Or der” black-mailing business of the Custom House, comes out in the New York papers with the followingpuugentcardin refutation of the slanderous imputations thrown upon him by Smythe: New Yobs, March 7, J 857. The foregoing, from the card of Henry A. Smythe, of this date—addressed tc the President of the Called States—so tar os it may be construed as referring to me, or to auy otherpercon conced ed niili ihl* office, e ther directly or indirectly. Is, to uee plain English, an abominable falsehood. A brother of mice, at the time Mr. Smythe was ap pointed Collector, was a panccr in the general or der burinees in the highly respectable firm of Merle & Co.. Water street. East filter. Tue total receipts of that business, as 1 am credibly in formed, barely covered the expeurcs, and Mr. Mnvttie was.variy given to under;land very dis tinctly that Merie & tu. nuuiu uwt uounu iuvu»- selvtß by paying tu him or auy other person a emcle dollar to retain it. When Mr. Smythe was seeking the office of Collector, he sent forme, thronzo a mutual friend, made an apology for a certain discreditable official transection of bis, ano then eaVed me Co go to Washington, and use ail the Influence 1 min bad with the President, also with ihe Secretary of ihe Treasury and mem hereof congress, to secure bis appointment and confirmation. I did so, as 1 have ample proof. Lave hreu heartily aahumea ot it ever since, ana hope nil parties will forgive me. Hrznr C. Bower. The 'Widow Perry, whom Collector Smythe says he “relieved,” by giving her money, Is thus described In the testimony re cently taken in one of the Cincinnati Courts: Q. Did you remain all the time at Wasolston during your absence rrom beret A-1 was in New York a short time, and was or dered back. u. By whom f A. By Messrs. Phelps & Barr, of New York. Q. Bid they hold auy Government office ? A. Nose unit i knew oi at that time, X went back partly on their business, and partly on my own. 'ihe amount of prize money I expected was from $15,000 to $20,0C0. Mr expenses were paid at Washington hy Messrs. Phelps & Barr. A paper was read here purporting to be an agreement between the witnesses and these two gentlemen, by which Mrs. Perry was to use her influence in obtaining for them the Government patronage in relation to the “General Order Business” of the customs in New York City Irom the Battery to Pier No. 59—Mrs. Perry to have for her services an undivided one-third of the profits. A letter she had obtained from Henry J. Raymond to the President, on this matter, was also read, and an endorsement intended for the eye of the Collector of Customs, as follows: . , “ Mr. E. R. Phillips having been recommended by me Hon. H. J. Raymond and other Representa tives in Congress from new York, I shad be glad IT the central order business from the Battery to pier No. 59 on the North Rtver can, consistently with the interests of (be Government, be given to Messrs. T. J. Barr and Edward 1L Phelps. (Signed) u Asdbsw Jomrsoir.” Further cross-cxamlnation developed the fact that she was a regular lobbyist at Wash ington, in the employ ol certain New York men, and that she was on the most intimate terms with members of Congress and others, over whom she exercised great influence—as great, perhaps, os that which she succeeded m bringing to bear npon the President. After she had been thoroughly cross-exam ined by Sir. French, Mrs. Harriet Johnson was called to the stand, and said that Mrs. Perry had proposed to ner (witness) to goto Washington, offering to introduce her to a number of gentlemen friends, but this was refused. After that several other witnesses wore called, and one lady testified that she bad seen men pass into her apartments at night and pass out in the morning. ARTEMUS WARD. XHs Literary Career* [From the Cleveland Plaindealer, March 9.] It. is a sad doty to announce the death of a young man for whom the future promised so much as it did for Mr. Browne; and the little telegram that tells of Lis death will be read with peculiar pain and sadness in Cleveland. It was here that bis genius for humor crys talizcd in tbe “Artomns Ward” letters, and it was whilst a member of the Cleveland nress that he received bis first hearty round of public applause. He commenced his career here, and, but for tbe encouragement that his early efforts received from Cleveland friends, he would hardly have achieved the wofitlerful success that Anally fell to his share. Wo well remember when Mr. Browne first took the “local’s” post on the Plaindealer. itwisin the summer of 1858. His experi ence as a press writer had previously been limited to a short apprenticeship as local editor on a Toledo paper, and to stray com munications to Mr, Shillaber’s Boston Czrpel Bag ; upon which paper he worked as a com positor. About tbe first humorous article that he ever wrole»-and it was one of his best—was a description of a Fourth of July celebration in a New Eng land village. The grand spectacle of the day was the representation of the battle of Yorktown —George Washington and Lord Cornwallis in character. Before the affair was over, Washington got drunk, and had a desperate fisticuff battle with Cornwallis, and came out second best. This article was timidly banded to Shillabcr, whom its rich humor delighted. The paper was also printed in the Plaindealer, soon after he com menced work upon it. . Mr. Browne first worked upon the Toledo Commercial as compositor ; but two or three comic scraps contributed to that paper be • troyed his rare humor to the editor, and a position in the sanctum was the result. It was not long afterward that Mr. J._W. Gray, the founder of the Plaindealer, effected an engagement with Browne. Ho became local andcommercialcdltorof the paper. As a mere reporter he was decidedly not “ a sue cess”—lacking the necessary enterprise and Industry : bat he was literally running over with humor, so that his column was always a favorite with readers, whether it presented anvnews or not. One-of his best hits was a “take off” on a “Bonnerism” In the Ledger. Mr. Bonner announced that the “Lions of the New York Press were all writing for the Ledger .” Thereupon Mr. Browne came out one evening with the startling announcement that “The Tigers of the Cleveland Press were all writing for the Plaindealer /” Tbe next evening appeared letters —written in the broadest burlesque— from the different Cleveland editors. Mr. Benedict wrote on “Etiquette,” and Mr. Gray on “Dancing.” We cannot remember ibe subject of Mr.Tlarris* able article. It was while on ftbe Plaindealer that Mr. Browne adopted the nom deplume of“Ar tetnus Ward”—a character that he lodirid ' ualized so thoroughly that the old showman , has always faeomed like a veritable person* age, even to those who knew that ho wm bat toe creation of a humorist's pen. The Ward letters were a great success from the Orel, and were eagerly copied by the press everywhere. Some of them travelled across tbc Atlantic, and made their author known to English readers. The best ot these letters appeared In the PMndaabr In the winter ol 18C0 “Artemus Ward’* ac cepted an offer from the proprietors of Van ity Aoh\ and for a considerable time was a leading editor cn that paper—coatrlbulioga continuation of the Waid letters,and anam ber of burlesque stories, the best of which was The Fair Inez, or the Lone Lady of the Crimson Cliffs." 4 After a comparatively short connection with Vanity Fair, Mr. Browne concluded to en'er the lecture field. In the latter he was even more successful than as a writer. Two campaigns in this Geld lined his pockets with a considerable sum of money, and made him widely famous as ft humorist. He then went to California and Utah —lectur ing, and seeing the sights. Upon his return, he wrote a new lecture—about four fifths burlesque and one*flfth iact—and, with a Mormon panorama, commenced evening entertainments at Dodworth’s Hall, Xew York city. Crowds went to see his pictures and to hear his irresistibly ftinny lectures, and for a time he was the attraction of the metropolis. Mr. Browne’s success was not attributable alone to bis humor; contrary to the expectations of his friends, he proved hi " _imself a most skilful manager— seeming to possess an intuitive per ception as to tbe best manner of securing popular patronage. One of bis New York advertisements consisted ot a couple of men, attired in a costume, half Indian and half Yankee, who paraded up and dawn Broadway, decked out in feathers, paint, ‘‘stand-up” collars, moccasins and cotton umbrellas, and bearing placards setting forth tbe attractions of Dodwortb’s Hall. After performing a few mouths at New York, the panorama was taken through the United States—everywhere drawing immense crowds. 11 Arteraus Ward” sailed for England last fall with his panorama. The sncccss that awaited him there coaid scarcely have been anticipated, even by tbe most extravagant of bis friends. Almost from the moment 'of his arrival in London, he was one of tbe principal “lions ” of the place. The first week he spent as a regular contributor to PoncA—a powerful medium wbereby to ad vertise bimself to the British public. He then opened his exhibition at Egyptian Hall, where he continued giving entertainments until prevented by tbe illness that result ed in his death. The London papers vied with each other in their laudations of tbe American humorist. Even the .Spectator come out In a two or three column criticism ofpArtemus Ward,” which was in the highest degree complimentary to him. Prominent hteraieurs paid him atten tion ; and Charles Reade, In bis “Griffith Gaunt,” mentioned him as “Artcmos the de licious,” Mr. Browne was Just thlrty-lwo years of age at the time of his death. We believe that he bad no brothers or sisters. His mother is residing at Waterford, Maine, on & farm presented to her by her son. She will probably be the sole heir of his immense for tune. F. 8. —There are some additional facts in regard to “Artemns” that might be recorded here. After two or three letters on the “show bizness” bod appeared, they attracted the favorable attention of Mr. F. T. Wal lace, of this city, one of Mr. Browne’s per sonal friends, who Inquired of him as to their authorship. Upon learning that the old showman was no other than tbe Vlaindtaler'i '‘local,” Mr. Wallace advised him to write with care and for a purpose, and with a view of eventually bringing out a humorous volume. Thus encouraged and appreciated, he said : “I’ll do it.” Alter that followed the Ward letters In regular succession, and when the material was nearly ready for “ His Book,” Mr. Wallace pcctmrarly assisted him towards illustrating it. Mr. Browne published two volumes. In the book of travels, tbe bad spelling that had characterized Mr. Browne’s previous writings was discarded to a great extent, which, in tbe estimation of many, made the second volume a vast improvement. RECONSTRUCTION. The Programme Viewed from a Demo- cratlc Standpoint. [Washington Correspondence of the Boston Post, (Democrat tc.)J Great events are in course of Inception relative to the political reorganization of the South under the provisions of the Mili tary Bill. Louisiana will undoubtedly be the diet to lead off in the movement, though representative men from Virginia are now here privately conferring with the author!* tics with a view to a similar lead. In the Senate ench men as Sumner and Wade are not willing that reorganization should go forward without lacking on additional “ guaranteesßamsey, Nye, Sprague, and others of their ilk, are Killing to sanction immediate procedure under the bill as an exnerimental policy, though without faith that any considerable class of the Southern people will support the movement. Two gentlemen of New Orleans, who have been here for weeks past in close confidential con ference with the adherents of the hill io the Senate, and also with General Grant, Intend to leave to-morrow morning lor Louisiana, accredited by those with whom they have aavised, as persons having the confidence of the supporters of the new reconstruction dispensation and deserving the confidence of the military commanders in whose districts they arc about to commence the reform. A last interview of the above character was bad this morning, in which Lbetvo Southern gentlemen alluded to met severally in the ante-room of the Senate Chamber Senators Reverdy Johnson, Sumner, Wade, Nye and Sprague. Subsequently Sena tor Johnson, in response to a notification that General Grant would like to see him, accompanied the first named parties to the rjftnerai’s headquarter*. Here o long conver sation ensued relative solely to action upon the Military Bill. General Grant submitted unreserved)) to all parties a general order, just drafted under his own hand, in which he appointed Generals Sbcnuan. Ord, Sickles, Schofield and Thomas to the command of the five districts provided ueder the Military BUI, with such slight modifications of their departments as will conform with the geographical sections designated for such military juaidiction. The order embodies a copy of the bill in full, and directs a careful scrutiny and administration of its intent. Under the advice ot Senator Johnson the order was mod iiicd In several particulars, and before hla visitors departed. General Grant despatched it to the War Department fur tracsmlsalcu to the President, remarking, a? he did so, ‘‘This order, in my Judgment, must have the impress of emanating from the Commander-In-Chief; without it l am not warranted in orderiogllspromulgation.” General Grant expressed his anxiety that prompt, energetic action under the bill might prevail wherever attempted, and lis tened with great interest to an outline of the plan to be pursued by the Louisi ana gentlemen in that State. He inquired of the latter several times in the course of the conversation, and again at the close, if they would not need more troops In Louisi ana to consummate the line of refor motion indicated. The answer was !□ the negative. Of the plan in question lam not fully informed, nor does it appear that any other than the parties above named, together with Chief Justice Chase, have any inkling in the premises. I can only repeat from the words of one of the two parties earned, that it is not designed that the Legislature, os such, shall have any part in the calling or modelling of a Convention, and that within twenty days after the initia tion of the movement in Louisiana, the negro adult population will have been regis tered lor voting in the election of delegates to that Convention. It is not intended that any preliminary caucus shall be had with political leaders in the State, but to accept co-operation from whatever source. Both parties to ibis plan have heretofore refused affiliation with the Southern Loyalist fac tion, and assume to act in strict accordance with the judgment of Senator Johnson. The latter counsels all possible despatch in carrying out the design of the above mis sion, and based the canse for such precipi tate action upon a conviction that without speedy conformity to the requirements of the Military Bill, a worse fate is In reserve for the South. • BARNUJI AND HIS HUMBUGS. Ibe Woolly Horse* iFrom Iho life of P. T. Banmm, Candidate for Congress In tbcFonrlh Connecticut District.) In the summer of 1848, while In Cincinnati with General Tom Thumb, my attention was arrested by handbills announcing the exhi bition of a “woolly horse.” Being always on the guf rite for everything curious with which to amuse or astonish the public, I vis ited the exhibition, and found the animal to be a veritable cariosity. It was a well formed horse of rather small size, without any mane or the slightest portion ot hair upon his tail. The entire body and limbs were covered with a thick fine hair or wool, curling tight to his skin. He was foaled in Indiana, was » mere freak of nature, and withal a very canons looking animal. I purchased him and sent him to Bridgeport, Conn., where he was placed qmetlv away in a retired barn until socb tlmcasl might have use fur him. The occasion at last occurred. Colonel Fremont was lost among the trackless snows of the Reeky Mountains. The public mind was excited. Serious apprehensions existed that the intrepid soldier and engineer had fallen a victim to the rigors of a severe win ter.. At last the mail brought intelligence of his safety. The public heart beat quick with joy. I now saw a cbauce for the “ woolly borse.” He was carefully covered with blankets so that nothing could be seen excepting his eyes and hoofs, conveyed to New York, end deposited in a rear stable, where no eye of curiosity could roach him. .. . . The next mail was said to have brought Intelligence that Colonel Fremont and nis hardy band of warriors had, after a three days* chase, succeeded in capturing, near the River Gila, a most extraordinary nonde script, which somewhat resembled a horse, but'which had no mane nor tail, and was covered with a thick coat of wool. The account farther added that the Colonel had sent this wonderful animal as a present to the United States Quartermaster. Two days after this announcement the fol lowing advertisement appeared In the New York papers: “Colonel Fremont’s Nondescript or ‘Woolly Horse wilt be exhibited for a few days at the corner of Broadway and Rcade street, previ ous to his departure for London. Nature teems to have exerted all her ingenuity in the production of this astonishing lie is extremely complex—made up of the elephant, deer, horse, buffalo, camel sheep. It is the full size of ahorse, h*f haunches of the deer, the tall of tno ® pliant, a fine cnrled wool of ‘•““'I 1 color, and easily bounds twelve or G feet high. Naturalists and the pers assured Colonel Fremont to California. To est specimen week. Admittance be seen every ‘“ Mren lla .lf price.” twenty-five bo wa , e3 :|,ibittd. 01- Tho bnIWIn- Ycrart'a Immense dry goods aclly by several lar|;o trans 6tore’rS representing the “Nondescript In FXfll -bt" pnrsned by the brave Fremont hard, handful ol soldiers. The SJcutcre afso lined with handbills and Fosters, illustrating In wood <mla the same Smilllnic event. If the nondescript had made the fearful leap here toptcsenlod. he « ould have jumped not lets than five mils*; *55 he was slivo when be struck oa tbs other side of tbe Taller. I imagine that area °f tbe gallant Fremont's horse* W b ♦ l? Te ' ,eta inadequate to bis capture. ~ -P 0 * the public appetite was craving some thing tangible from Colonel Fremont. The community was absolutely famishing. They were ravenous, Tboy could have swallowed anything. and like a good gcnlis I threw them, not a ‘’bone,” but a regular titbit, a bonbon—and the; swallowed It at a single gulp! My agent tried “Old Woolly” in several of tbe provincial towns with tolerable succeas, and finally be was taken to Washington City, to see if the wool coaid be palled over tbe eyes of politicians. It was successfully done for several days, when Colonel Beaton, ever regardful of tbe reputation of bis son* In-law, caused my agent to be arrested on a grand jury complaint for obtaining from him twenty-five cents under false - pretences, and the Senator from Missouri testified that, har ing no mention of this horse in any of the numerous letters received from his son-in law, be was sure Colonel Fremont never aaw the animal. Such testimony could not prove a nega tive. Tbe complaint was ruled out, and “Old Woolly” came off victorious. The ex citement which Colonel Benton uncon sciously produced added materially to the rtcelpts for the succeeding few days. But, always entertaining tbe greatest respect for “Old Bullion,” and out ol regard to his feel ings, 1 ordered the horseback to Bridgeport, where In due lime he gave bis last kick. For some time, however, he was turned loose in a field lying on the public rord, where occasional New York patrons recog nized their woolly friend iu 1m retirement. [The Copperhead papers are republishing the above extract from Barnum’s book in the hopes that it may lose him votes in the con test for Congress, but we shall be mistaken if it don’t gain him ten where the cate trick costs him one.] SOUTHERN SENTIMENT. Democratic Advice Distrusted and New Alliance* Desirable. [From the Richmond Enquirer. March 2.] The New York WorW is tendering advice to the South in the present sad emergency. The substance is that the South would be fully Justified in flying to arms in opposition to the impending tyranny; but that as we arc too weak for such resistance, It would be better to accept the terms of the 3. S. 3. Bill, and so get into tbe Union and have & voice in the next Presidential election, and help to effect a change in the administra tion. The terms In which this given impinge very unpleasantly on Southern sen sibilities. Wc bad supposed that the de fenders of the Constitution In the North con sidered that instrument when attacked lor one as attached for all; and that the on the franchises of the Sonth was an assault on their own. When we come to scan tbo counsel given we find that w better it be wise or not It Is at least selfish. Through whatever abasements ahd renunciations of rights and liberties we most win the inestimable felicity of gaining a voice and vote in the next Presidential election, for tbe cbance that outvote, if given to order, would put the World and its asso ciates m oilicc. That is the goal for which we are to toil, and to attain which we arc to count no sacrifices too dear. We must tell the World plainly that its abandonment of the constitutional questions involved in the impending legislation, and Its leaving the South to make her defences under tbe Constitution, unaided, and with carefnl admonitions that It is her case ex clusively. arc to our conceptions treacherous to us, and treacherous to principle, and can bat be received as a warning not to expect future fidelity, and as counsel to take care of ourselves tbe best way wo may, regardless of oast associations or commitments. % Willi all our just resentments this day against even Stevens ami Sumner and Wade, they have not excited our tense of wrong more than Johnson and Seward bad done before them. From these things the World may sec that onr introduction Into the polit ical circle would by no means Insure our votes to men who ijy us when In trouble, over those who, however they have wronged ns in the past, might hereafter act a mors just and generous and conciliatory part. And further, that if advised and driven to renounce every constitntioral right, and to appeal to radical mercy alone for terms, wc might consider such advice, under such a necessity, as teaching ns also to purchase a mitigation of the conditions by pledges of future support. And when Southern men make pledges, or justify expectations, - it is always with purpose to make them good. Ihe Doty of use Sontla IVe Longer to Trust tlic Democracy. (From the I.ynchbnrg Virginian, March 4.] One thing is certain, in our judgment, and that Is we cannot rely upon the conservative (so-called) people of the North. They seem to be demoralized, and content themselves simply with tame protests acainst the usar- S aliens and outrages of Congress. If the oath were In the condition it was six years ago, we should counsel resistance to these unconstitutional laws; but it is idle to think of resorting to this remedy now, while Iho Con servatives of the North will risk nothing for the cause of constitutional government. We have made sacrifices without avail, and the very people we relied upon to help us turned their hands against ua. They would do the same thing over again- It they arc not utteily given up to the worship of pelf and afiuid for their greenbacks ana public securities, let them snow their hand and say to the men who are keeping this country in turmoil, that a period mnst he put to these evils. They will find the South ready to respond to anv effort that may be required to preserve the form of Government be queathed to us. They are proscribed as well as we, and the time may come when they will feel their chains, os we feel them now. A tricked World. I From the Kaleigh Standard. March 3.) “If the Southern people should resist the execution of martial law by force they would he fighting in as righteous a cause aa any In which a patriot ever drew bis sword. Armed resistance is the natural and appropriate mode of redress for such flagrant injustice as Is now meditated against the South. * Re sistance to tyrants is obedience to God.* The only good reason for not appealing to arms in this conjunction is the hopelessness of success.”—oVew York World , The above extract from the World proves two thincs—first, that there is aa much trea son among Copperheads in the North as there is among secessionists at the South ; and, secondly, that opinion is absolutely free in Stares like New York. But if any portion of the Southern people were ever mad enough to fight, such as the World would not help them. They would get them into trouble and then retreat, or Join themselves as they did during the rebellion, to those who warred upon them. It seems to tu that all sensible and honest people have had enough of such papers as the New York World. TCby Don’t You Fight Yourself! The Richmond Whig of the 2d Instant quotes the same paragraph above quoted Bom the TTorW, and then says: If resistance is to be made, why shonld the World consider it the exclusive duty of the South to make It? We do not say this with any idea of encouraging resistance at the North; for that we believe to be oat of the qnestion. The opportunity was afforded all the time from April, ISGI, to April, 1865, for the Northern Conservatives to show what they cored for the Constitution, and ail that we saw was as greedy a palm for bounty money among the Democratic masses as among the Republican, while, with a few exceptions, the protest that came from the leaders had the tone rather of a whine for office and power than the heroic ring of men ready to die sooner than be made slaves of. * * * * * What the new theory of Government is we see in part, and will see more distinctly hereafter. Whatever it is to be, we of the South have no choice but to submit. A free Government and republican institutions are gone forever. We can take no shame to our selves for their lose, foi we fought to save them. If the conquerors choose to Impose bilter and humiliating conditions the ignominy is theirs, not ours. The disgrace of having stood Ignobly and timidly by while civil liberty was being murdered, be longs to that p%rty at the North represented by the World , and not to the Southern peo ple. Their conduct is on record. BRITISH REFORM. Jolm Bright on the J>crby Resolution** On February 18, the following letter was read at a public meeting, held at Bradford, on the Government Reform Resolutions, the Secretary of the Bradford Branch of the Na tional Reform Union Laving transmitted to Mr. Bright, Lord F. Cavendish and Mr. Forster copies of a series ot resolutions adopted by the Branch, criticising the Gov ernment Reform: Rochdale, Pebrnorr 16, H 67. Dun ant: l think tear resolutions ace very good. The course taken by Ibe Gnvemmeat la as intuit to the House, and a •■ '"•jtt offence to the whole body of Reformers mine country, lean sot say what the Dense will do, or what the Lib eral party in the House will do, till after the meet ing which la called for Thursday next. The administration** utterly hottile to reform. When inrppoeliioo this was abundantly proved, and It is coi.firmed by Its coarse slace its acces sion to office. It has not the honesty or the cour age to prcuoaoce boldly against reform, bat it seeks to murder the cause and the question by % coarse contrary to Parliamentary usage, and odi ous tn the sight of a'l honest men. It the House join in the guilt of this proceeding It will only add to lie distrust with which It is now regarded 1>; vs<tma.Uiade« of the people mall parts of the country. Yon are right in bolding meetings, and In every town and village meetings should be held- -Al ready they bare been held more generally and more numerously attended than at any other time since 16SL Hitherto the effect seems Utile, bo lax as we may lodge from the action of the adminis tration ; ard whether farther meetings wjUpro. duce any greater effect, 1 cannot under, lake to ray. Bat 1 venture to asy this —that a Government, unmindful of the opinion expressed so clearly in the great entres of our population, is running the conn ry peril. If meetings haveno ciiect, if the op*n and almost tmlvt real - ression °° power on the Administration and the' Le: then inevitably the mind ° r t ££ s Ps.° pl ® 5* "f** other channels with a view to obtain and iecur» «re now contemptuously cnled SSJWf Tim Voog in hellevia? this, in hi£ beginning. and we hveall tory is a lie oar ot me cataionl of (be great and deplorablemnaac »c«iVitnM recorded have sprang. i understand that m Birmingham : great of opinion Is contemplate, and I Impose other pans of the country wl hare (oCDCtblug to sar to an Administration wtch ab dicates its functions, and ia ready to bee? both Queen at d people, that It may remain In £ca Cor another teflon. _ 1 am, with great respect, yours truly . Jonx Bjou?. The Secretary of the firadfoid Branch olha Be- tmm Colon. _ The Reform agitation continues. Largo roeetinus had been held during Febrary at Southampton .Worcester,Bradford, licester and towns. The Reform League we work in" with effect upon the masses of le peo ple, and it was confidently believer that If the Government resorted to a dissoltlon of Parliament npon their Impeodingjdefeat, they would find that the de Ham for Re form could no longer be resisted. A young man in New Britain, Cora., wblU playlully attempting to kiss a fa. friend thrust a knitting-naedlo Into bis ey, whlci broke off in tbe organ. Loyels reresental blind, and the youth must b« halfi lov?, m. ho now has but one eye.