Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, March 14, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated March 14, 1867 Page 2
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Chicago Cribanc. n iTT.Tj TRT.WF.T ELY AND WEEKLY. OFFICE. Ke. 8X CkABH-ST* Then ax« tbree edinoni of me tbbus* u*ned. it m yerj moraine, for circulation toy cuuen, newimen Oadttemalla. Tbe Tu-wrrttT, Mondays, Wed t«day« and Friday*, for me mail* only; and the WMB.T.oaTtmsdaj%tofibetttilß and sale atom nonnter sad tor new*®™* TcroiH of ibe Chicago Tribune; »e Oty ■n«('r w trail roMCribw* (per aasmr, pay*- v i?e tn adv»a«) l}f<|D Irt.Weeßly. (per octnn, piyablctowlrTince) Weekly. (oeronontn, otyawe In afrrstice) r.o‘» Fractional n&ra ot *be year at me B.ioe rata ls Person* remitting «na orcenna five or tear* topic* of either the Til-Wcckly or Weekly editlocs. in*y retain tea per cent pf the ealisalrtion orlce a* a Comm ismos. hones to ecbsceibias.—is oiacriLe tee aadreit f-i ytmr papers chanced, to -rrevent delay, Di sure and Specify wtat edition y~n tat j —»««Wy, Trt-WecWy. Or Dally. Aleo. clvcyoorritESENTiadfitair address BV~ Money, by Draft, Exp"**. Mosey ornere, orta BeclsteredLcttcnutnarbcecatatoarrisK. iddresa. TItIRIJNR (!(> m Chicwe. lit THURSDAY. MARCH U, 1557. EXCESSIVE DFTJKS NO PBOTEC- TION, There is no more common mistake than the assumption that an opposition to exces sive or exorbitant duties upon imports is an advocacy of free trade; and hence it is that the advocates of such duties attempt to hide the injustice of their policy by de nouncing opposition to it as a war upon American industry and in favor of foreign la bor. The issue of free trade is not now pre sented to the people, but that of excessive duties is, and we ask the attention of oar readers to the consideration of a single point having a serious bearing upon any honest and just decision of the important questions involved. The point we propose to make Is, that the legitimate object of all duties upou imports £s revenue ; that ail duties thus collected arc necessarily a tax to he paid by the consumer of the im|»orts; that this tax thus levied is. accidentally, or directly, as one may choose lo consider it, a “ protection ” of the home produce from competition by the foreign ■wares. ‘Whether this tax be five per cent cr seventy-five per cent, it is a tax upon the consumer, and a protection in one sense to the home producer to that extent. The value of a protective tariff, if the prott cliou exceed the .difference in the cost of home and foreign production. Is to give the domestic producer a monopoly of the market; acd, by driving out the foreign article increase the volume of home production. To illustrate : Assume that iu the absence of any duty the foreign man ufacturer can pay ids fre s ghls and sell his jxcods iu the United States twenty-five per cent less than the American manufacturer can sell his. and live at the business. Con gress imposes a duty of forty per cent upon a particular import. Here is a protection to the borne manufacturer of that article of the most liberal kind. It remains with him to determine whether it sballhe soprohibltory that it will give him the exclusive control of the maiket, and because of the with diawal of the foreign supply, create a neces sity for an increase in me production at heme. Such would oe tbe effect of all tar iffs’the moment the tate of duty exceeds the difference in the relative cost of produc tion, if the home producer would be coutcnt to have it so. In the case givcu there Is a margin of fifteen per cent between the prices at which the foreign and the Amer ican fabric may he sold with profit. As long as that margin is left standing the American producer is as strongly and immovably protected in th*. czcluslve occupation of the market as if the. e ■was an impenetrable wall built around thj United states, or all interoceacic communi cation discontinued. But, (and we wish the reader lo bear the fact always In mind), the American manufacturers never have, and we suppose never will, accept that condition ol things. The moment the cost of the foreig i made article is increased from one dollar, by the imposition of a duty of forty per cent, to ore dollar and forty cents, the American manufacturer, instead of selling his goods at one dollar and twenty-five cents, and thereby occupy the market exclusively, advances his goods to one dollar and forty cents. He ac cepts the increased duty as an increase of the value of bis stock on hand, and proceeds to compete with the foreign manufacturer at the latter's own prices. Thecousumer, find inglliat the “protection” which has been extended to the home manufacturer, has had no other effect than to increase the price of the article both of the foreign and the home production to one dol lar and forty ci-nts, is perfectly indifferent whether he buys ihe cue or the other, and | in fact, other things being equal, generally 1 gives the prcferei ce lo the imported article. The foreign manufacturer, wco, by the im position of a duty of forty per cent was driven from the market and utterly unable to compete with the Aim-ricau, finds that the price of the domestic an-.c'e his been ad vanced to the full measure of the posed, and forthwith he enters the market again, selling upon equal terms and at equal prices with the home producer. It a'short lime the latter fiuds trims* If crowded cy the importer ; the stores have the home foreign article on together, and the? heth command the tame price. Toe Amer ican producer immediately demands addi tional “protection.” If au additional ten cents be added to the duties, the price of the homemade article is advanced ten cents, and again the importer enters the market, and so on; if the duty be incrca?ed to five hundred per cent, it makes no difference in the end to the foreign manufacturer, because the price of tbe domestic manufac ture is also advanced to the same level, thus destroying the exclusive possession of the market which was as effectually secured to the American producer by the duty of forty per cent as it could po-sibly be by auy higher rate. But what is the eff-.ct upon the pub lie? At first, in tbe abscrce of all duty, they purchased the article at its prime cost; they next paid a tax of forty p.-r cect in order to furnish revenue, and afford protection to the Lome manufacturer; that lax was Increased from time to time, until as now, the public is paying a tax of from fifty-six to sixty-six per cent, and the foreign manufacturer is as strong a competitor iu tbe market, ana the protection is as inadequate as ever. Every dollar of the duty is a tax upon the con sumer; and it is exacted of him under the pretext of protecting home industry, when the avarice of home capital will not accept protection, but insists upon ' an increase of the direct bounty. •With this fact in mind, and it has been an in exorable fact from the dale when under Washington's administration the first duty on imports was levied, down to the present day, we submit that every penny of duty im posed upon imports over and above the sum acquired by the wants of the Government, and to cover the difference in the cost of pro ducing tbe home manufacture, and that at which the foreign article Can he imported and sold for in this country, is not “protec tion to home industry,” but a tax wan tonly imposed upon tbe people aud paid over as a bounty lo the capital invested m manu factures. Kor is the theory that American produc tions are enlarged in volume by excessive du ties upon imports, any less erroneous, or any less contradicted by fact. We have that a dutv on imports tbe moment i. ex ceeds the* difference between the price at which the foieign and American manufac ttires may he profitably sold, would neccssa lily drive the foreign article from the mar ket and open lo American industry the en tire field hitherto largely occupied by the foreigner. It the supply of a given article, in the absence of protective duties, was m the proportion of one-third foreign to two thirds domestic, then the exclusion of the foreign article would naturally increase the domestic production fitly per cent. But it the imposition of a doty of forty per cent •upon the foreign aiticle be followed, as it always has been followed, by a simultaneous advance cent fur cent In tbe price of tbe Lome manufacture, the market is opened to the importer ns before; he again competes upon equal terms with the home manufac tnrer, and he resumes tbe supply of one third'of the article. Home industry has no chance to expand. The present manu facturers have no desire lo drive out the foreigner, and, in his place, erect dom-stlc competitors. H under a duty on imports of forty per cent the home man ufacturer can afford to sell, his | fabrics at a profit. and occupy tbe market exclusively, every additions ■nerny of dutv is useless as a protection, and •useless for any other purpose than to in crease tbe cost of tbe article to tbe consum er. It serves to swell the expense of living, and when this excessive lax is imposed upon every article entering into tbe general u»e of the people, it becomes oppressive; it par alyzes industry, it destroys consumption; lessens labor, puts an end to saving, aud ac complishes no possible good. Instead of giving employment it stops work; Instead of encouraging labor it rubs it of its earn ings. It returns even lo tbe manufacturer himself, and forces bim to pay out of his gains his share of tbe all-consumiag tax up on the public. If, after the protective point is reached h; a duty raising tbe price of the import above the cost of producing tbe home manufacture, our American matmlacurors would be con tent to sell at a fair profit, the volume of American productions would increase in the proportion that the foreign would be driven out. Factories would increase in number; unemployed labor would find work; the cost of living would lie reduced, and capital and Jabyr would both prosper. But th e pjlicy of Increasing tbe dalles, and at tbc simc time increasing the prices of tbe borne pro ducts to the level of tbe Importers’ prices, nullifies tbe advantase obtained by the advance of tbc impost. Thus an . increase of domestic production is re strlcted,'borne labor Is taxed to exhaustion for tbe means ot living; the people are suf fering under the hopeless load of taxes, and yet American capital is filling tbc land with Its apptalslbr that protection wbicb, In its own blindness, it stabs, vitiates and destroys. TIIE GEOBGIt BEeoXSTBFCTIOJi moVEnKNr. In placing himself at the head of the re constructive movement in Georgia, cx- Govemor Brown haa displayed a degree of courage, patriotism and. sagacity i hat will endear him to the country. Unlike moH of the Southerners who have visited ton, since the close of the war, to obtain in* formation in regard to the political situa tion, he did not content himself .with- con sulting’the President and members of the so-called Democratic party, but, divesting himself of prejudice, obtained the views of all parties, made a thorough investigation, and returned with a comnrchcnsive knotvl cd,re of the facts. Thus informed, he had the courage boldly and pUlnly to tell his fellow-citizens that Con gress is master of the situation, and that the South should at once accept the termi is prescribed in the new Reconstruction Law. Tbe meeting held In Atlanta, on the 4th inst., the full proceedings of which wc published yesterday, shows that the Gov ernor and his friends are thoroughly in earnest. The preamble and resolutions adopted on that occasion have the ring of the tine metal. Without characterizing the rebellion as a crime, it Is nevertheless set forth that "in consequence of unsuccessful ♦‘warfare against the Government of the “•United'States,” the people of Georgia “stand in the relation, to that Government, “of participants in unsuccessful rebellion, “ and, as a consequence, in tbe relation of “conquered to conqueror.” It is also de clared that it is now a fundamental principle of the Government, sustained over whelmingly by the people, that “ the people ■•of tbe Insurrectionary States deprived 1 thrmselves of legal Governments, amZ can "he legally re-invcsted with Slate Governments " uloue by the law-making power of the United “States;” and that “it has become on ‘ equally well-settled principle with the ‘•American people, that all men shall stand “iu the same relation to the Government, “and enjoy equal rightsandprivileges under “it, irrespective of the place or circutn “ stances ot birth, color, race, or former con “dhion.” In regard to the third section of’ the pending Constitutional Amendment, which prohibits a certain class of rebels from holding office without the consent of Congress (the clause which has been so much denounced by the press and politicians of the South), the pre amble says that “ the number of persons in “ each county la the Southern States, who “ are made ineligible to office by said legis lation, bears but a small proportion to the “ number wbo, though they were engage! “ in the rebellion, are nevertheless permitted “ to continue in the enjoyment of every po litical and civil right.” This we call accepting the situation in good faith. There is no desire on the part of the North that the participants In the rebel- | lion should prostrate themselves iu the dust, or make bumlliatiig confessions of their sins ; no desire that they should denounce the institution of slavery as it has been just ly denounced by its enemies; no desire. In short, that they should avow that the present state of things is such as they would have itil they could have their own way. All that the North wants is the frank and sin ct-re acceptance of the situation as it is and as it has been fixed by tbe arbitrament of war from which there Is no appeal. In this spirit the Georgians declare their willingness to organize government under the new Re construction Law. They say, in substance, “We went to war for independence and for slavery; we failed; we admit that the prin ciples for which the North fought—the per manence of t’ae Union and freedom and i equality of all men—are now fundamental 1 principles of the Government; wc admit ihat Congress alone has the po*er to pre- Ecribe the terms tn which wc may return to the Union; w * accent those terms and will abide by them and carry them out in gtod faith.” In thus extending the hand <X fellowship, and frank ly acknowledging lUtureat facts of the situ ation, the Georgians will find themselves welcrmei by tbe Norih with the strongest feelings of generosity aad sympathy. Tucy will lied-tbat so far froa desiring their hu miliation, their destructon, or their exclu sion Irom the blessings of republican gov ernment, the people are eager to cultivate sentiments of friendship an! fraternal a (Tec- ! tion; to extend to them a helping hand in their adversity, and to forgivt and forget the past. They will discover that the terms ■ lised as the condition of their restoration to I the Union did not emanate from any harsh or unkind spirit, but were insisted on solely as the means of securing the fru'ta of our 1 dear-bought victories over rebellion. The Geo giaus do not content themselves with the mere expression of souul senti ments, but their resolutions are eminently practical. They declare that the vita in terests of the people require that the work of restoration be no longer postponed; that the people should “promptly and without ‘the least hesitation accept the plan of res toration recently proposed by Congress? 7 and call on lUc Governor to convene the Legis lature with a view to the calling of a Con tention. The sixth resolution shows the spirit in which these men are working: ** ihat we, citizens ol Fulton County* do be;eby proclaim to oar fellow citizens itimagb ont the entire Gnlon-a sincere nuroo con oar pfiitto bcil ibe wounds inflicted by the unhappy ;«a.°l,ana ve ’ale this method of exmsding to oar .fellow-citizens of every State a cordial and hearty isvUat,on lo come and settle In our tuiost, b-bnrlnc them, in the name of everything lUa' Is sacred, that they shall be received and treated as friends, and as citnrens of a common country.” Let that resolution he carried out by the people of the Sout'a In good faith; let it once be known and realized that there is per fect tolerance oroplnionand security of per son and property for all, without reference to I their principles, and the South would Itnmt- I uiately enter upon a career of prosperity ol which she never dreamed in the palmiest days of slavery. Capital and labor would pour in upon her in abundant streams, her climate would invite Immigration, and her vast resources would be developed with a rapidity rivalling the‘West. But, so long as this security is not felt; so long as men apprehend that they may be socially proscribed, ducked in a horse pond, tarred and feathered, or have ibelr houses burned over their heads, or be murdered outright, for loving the Union or believing in equal rights, the South will reap the fruit of her folly in poverty and stagna tion. No Commissions of Emigration; no high-sounding invitations to Europeans ; no legislation, can Induce men to cast their for lunes with a people who persecute and pro scribe. In assuming the position he has so boldly taken, Governor Brown has exhibited the far-seeing wisdom of a statesman. lie will cany with him a large and respectable party of the while population—all those, in met, who desire permanent place and restor ation, and arc tired of the vain straggle which was really decided against them, two years ago. and all who have the sagacity to see that no other course is now open. This party will constantly Increase, lor It is al readv too powerful to be pat down by mob violence, and free, honest discus sion will open the eyes of the ignorant, fix the wavering, and Mnvincc the doubtful. This party will count among its rank and file eighty thou sand negro voters ; and we have no doubt it will be found, whenever the election occurs, j that Governor Brown is sustained by a ma j• rity of the people of Georgia. The alarm , i the rebels is well expressed by the Consd (uttonaUst, which speaks of the Governor’s movement as “a pestilent division.” It will it deed prove pestilent” to the rebels and the enemies of truth and liberty, but the vrrv reverse to the cause of Union and jus tice and peace. And while the men who uow denounce Governor Brown sink Into po litical oblivion and nonentity, his wisdom m.d foresight will be vindicated by the com plete success of his movement, and the triumph of tfcc brave men who sustain it. RfcJKCTIONOI' tOIVAN. Tlie Senate did a very proper thing -when It rejected the nomination of ex-Scnator Cr. van as Minis! er to Austria, in place of Mr. Mt-tley, *ho -was McCrackened out of the oilicc by Seward and bis lying spy. Before the ot the last Congress Cowan’s name was sent to the Senate for confirmation, but, sifter discussion, was laid on the table by a decided vote. Cowan refused to take tbc hint,and requested his friend Andy to send In his name again. The action of the Senate this time will not leave the renegade in doubt as to the sentiments of that body. After ample ’discussion, a vote was taken, aud he was re jected as follows: Yeas—Messrs. Anthony, Dnchalew, Davis, Dix on. Doolittle, U«ndcrton, licudricka, Jobnson, Norton. r»Uerson (Tennessee), Hamsey, Sauls? bury. Sbennan. Trvmbvll, Van \V inkle, Willey, sieeann 1 Cameron, Called, Chandler, Coie Cocklmr, Contes?. CorblU, Drake, Ed mniids. Ferry, Fessenden, Fowler. FrellngimysßD, Grimes, Harlan, Howard. Howe. Morgan, Morn'l, Morrill' Kyc. I’atU-reon (N.H.), Pomeroy, Voss , jc»x an, Samncr, Thayer, Tipton, Williams, and Wilson. Kays, 80. It is rot usual for the Senate to reject for any office one of their body who Is ap pointed during Ills term of service. But Cowan Ihrnlshed a proper case for an excep tion to the rule. He had deliberately aad wickedly betrayed the great parly of equal rights in a great State during the most crit ical period of our national existence. lie had done all in his power, by speech, vote and influence, exercised in and out of the Senate, to render the rebellion successful aud the Union extinct. He proved himself to be a Bourbon of the worst kind, an enemy of pro- glees, a wolf in sheep’s clothing. It will be gratifjlrg to tbc loyal men of tbe land that the Senate wbicb he by hls perfidy and Coppcrheadistnbas branded him as he licbly deserved. He chose to serve Andv Johnson and antl*TJoion rather Ibini the h yal people, and now be is beginning to net bis reward. The votes of the two Illinois SCiiutirs for Ibc confirmation of this base ajestate will strike the people of Illinois with smprise. Tbc prompt negative of stern old Pinion Comcron t-lands In pleasing con* Irast therewith. • A man of Cowan’s political stt i iiiicnts is not a proper person to repre sent this anti-slavery, equal .ights Republic at the court of a lorcign Powe*, and be should have icceived no votes but those cast by Copperheads and renegades like himself. TUII IICISII QIUiSTION. Sister to Poland in misfortune, Ireland has suffered more misery through longer years than any other civilized country. From the time of Strongbow to the rise of the Fenians it has been deemed legitimate plunder to the needy peers of England and its Court min* lons. Henry the Second slaughtered Its In- habitants because they did not want to be Catholics; Henry the Eighth did the like for their uowiJliucness to be Protestants; and Cromwell did it because they were loyal to the King. The Statute of Kilkenny es ’ tablishcd a system of caste more disgraceful than that of the Southrons. Elizabeth con- sldeicd an IriSh revolt favorable to her courtiers, for, in such event, there would be estates enough for all; what wonder, then, If that Queen did. In her dying hour, behold the vengeful ghosts of murdered Irishmen, and quickly order peace with O’Neill I At this period, half the inhabitants were killed and near a score of millions spent in secur ing the booty. An English King stole Earl Desmond’s six hundred thousand acres and imprisoned the owner without cause. The First James seized six counties and gave them to his friends. Eight millions ol acres, two-fifths of all the lands In the country, fell to the lot of Cromwell’s load- eaters. William of Orange tamed four thousand families out of their homes, and es- tablished a penal code worthy of Nero himself. The Second George disfranchised live-sixths of the population, and drove near 103,030 able-bodied men into the service of the French. Bounties were given for hunt ing down Irish priests and Popish school masters. Seven millions in bribe* and a hundred thousand bayonets united Ireland to Britain; and a vast debt was saddled upon the former. Ten millions were wrung from the peasantry in tithes at an expense of seven millions, till the farmer pitchforked the collector; then the Church rate was put upon the landloid, and he charged It back upon the tenant. Twenty thousand men, the Crowbjr Brigade, were employed- In the landlord business ol evicting; and nlne-lcnyis of the land-owners moved to England. In 1817 was a famine; in 1823; iu 1831; in 1837; in 1847, nay, one continuous tamine for half a century, reducing, by starvation and expa triation, a population of eight millions to the number of little more thin half that aggregate. The Church Establishment and the cottier tenant system are the two deeply-rooted grievances of the present time. The first could be disposed of In quick movement, if the real voice of England were once to be heard. The injustice of forcing Episcopacy upon Catholics hi a country where the Ct urcbmcn are hut one-twentieth of the population, is only too apparent; it is a cry ing abuse of power. Let the eloquent curates who preach to unfrequented pews, .the promising dunces who arc not thought fit for other callings, take ship to Liverpool and busy themselves with something that may benefit mankind ; and it were well that Ihe sporting Bishops who drink wine off the priest ridden Catholic poor should find a less dishonest calling. But the one great evil which degrades the Irishman is the unique custom of tenantry. The small farms are let by competition, and tie highest bidder takes the farm. Density ol population causes sharp rivalry, and the famlous rents offered only mcao that the teiant shall pay over to the landlord all the 1 pnfits beyond a bare subsistence. After the firi demand of rental the farmer Is in debt I to the owner, and bis slave, his victim. I No improvements can be made, for I in such case c the rent would be 1 raise!. It would not be wise to devote extrcmc.carc and energy to farming, I for al’.prc fits would go to tbs landlord. New I furmttre, two cots—one for pigs and another I for tbcfamlly, any new furniture, a greater variety or better quality of food, a more j seemly vardrobe, any better mode of living would bring round the landlord with an im- 1 possible mi or the Crowbar Brigade to eject I llie tenant. So that a premium is set upon I squalid poverty, rags, dirt, laziness, hopeless- 1 ness—a condtlon positively below the Ala- I Lamian slave, for the colored nan held in j him a price ol fifteen hundred dollars, and he must be fcdantl stabled as wril as mules 1 and asses, else Us day’s work would fall be low the average, The cottier system, like j tbit of slavery, lakes away all notive from the victim ; and inlike slavery It leaves no humane motive with the master, for he can have a hundred applicants in a day ; and so he lords it and IreUud goes to ruit. However, Fcnlankm Is not tin remedy. I There is not money enough in the possession | of the united brothcihood to sustiin a war with Bi itaiu. And to fight out a gnat store of bate upon the donluant country, is not the point. Let the fuuls sought foi by sel fit-h leaders be put intonowspaper and plat form propagandism to second Briyht and Stuart Mill in both Irc'and asd England. ’ The British people are not the tyrants *f the Irishman. It is hot the governing clique of , lorfy-two families In the favoied oligarchy vbo.-c power is toppling to its fall that holds Ireland under the heel of pf>w»r. Let the Ftrians help the workingmen to-cvolutlon l ize the British Parliament; then legislate the • absentee landlords and the Establishment out i of th« Island. 8T33 NEW lUnPsniRE, The “reaction” predicted by the Cojper beads was not visible in tbc New Hampslire ! election, the old Granite State is true \o I her principlea and bei record. The Repn<. licans won their thirteenth consecutive vie. I loiy there on Tuesday. The State was re* \ deemed from the sway of the misnamed De cocracy In 1555, and Las remained true to the faith ever since. In Tuesday's election the fiiccess was complete. All three Con* gressmuj, the State officers and large major* Hies in \oth branches of the Legislature were secured by an average majority—a large majority, in fact, considering that there was nothin to excite popular feeling and call out the 104 strength ol the party. Connecticut will follow suit on the first of April. The people are in earnest, and while the New Hampshire election could n it have had any controlling effect ou the poli tics of the country, the result is tevcri*» e lcsß significant, us expressing the settled purple of the nation to sustain Congress In its recent measures for the restoration of the South. President Johnson and those who arc now leaders in the South, but will soon bo so no more forever, might loam a lesson from the New Hampshire figures, if they were not alike incapable of learning or forgetting any thing. The Prrsidcut is blind and the South ern Bourbons blindly follow him. It is the blind lending the blind, and the “last ditch” is close at hand. ggjr Alabama Semmcs, in his earnest dc she to ret;tore peace and harmony under the Constitution, Is urging upon President John son the necessity of usurping the functions ol the Supreme Court by declaring tbc Re construction Law to he unconstitutional, and relating to execute it. “He cannot execute “thelaw,” remarks the pirate, “without “ being untrue to bis oath. Nor need he wait “ jor a case to be presented to tbe Supreme “Court.” It has been generally supposed that it was the duty o»the President to exe cute the laws, and neither to make them nor to decide on their uncon -litntionnllty. There are some in timations of that kind in the Constitution, and the people are prejudiced in favor of the doctrine. If, however, Mr. Johnson chooses to follow the advice of bis friend Scrames, and refuse to enforce the law, he will find in that course an easy egress from all his offi cial toils and embarrassments. Congress will promptly impeach and remove him from office, and thus quietly hut effectually place him beyond a great soa of troubles. Gold Mixing in New lUairsinnE.— New Hamp el,ire gold minieg quite distances In excitement that of Vermont, apparently. A correspondent of the Bofton Journal says that in Lisbon four com panies have bren started; aggregate capital re ported at $1,000,L00. One stamp Hiill Is running on fnrfaco yielding fO.BU per lon, promising great riches below. At and near Ruranoy, twen ty.flvc miles south, over a thousand acres of land have been taken up, on the discovery of a lead which nas been traced several mile*, nod from which "old, silver and lead have been smelled. Ii Lyman, adjoining Lisbon, large tracts ol land have been secured lor copper mining. The Population of Eucofean Cities.—ln 1866 cctsnsea were taken in Great Britain and France, aod the reports show the following population of the nnndpal cities: London, 3,t37,9‘J1; Pans, 1 Liverpool, 481-337; Glasgow, 430,203, Manchester, SCS,SSS; Birmingham,mTW; a.j.051; Dublin, 3’8,i37; Marseilles, 800,131; Leeds 225157; bbeffietd, 218,257; Bordeaux, J1H,241; Edinburg, 175,123; Bristol, IC3.CSO; Lille, 15L7TJ; Toulotue, 12G.D3C; NewcasUcou-Tjne, 122,277; Salford, 112,981; Nantes, lll,lk)G; Hall, 1H5.233, and Rouen, 100,671. New York and Phila delphia have each a much greater population than any of these cities after London and Pans. PiionTABLE but sot Populah.—A. portion of a raw onion eaten Justbefore retiring io rest will insure icfreebing el?cp to persons suSorlog with lungs overburdened withoppressive Bnd irritat ing matter. • A Fine Sight of antuuacitb.—Among the natural cariosities scat irom mis country to the I’nns Exposition is a single chunk of Anthracite ccal from Ponnsj Ivanla weirding six tons. SAN FRANCISCO. The Reign of Indecent Amuse- meats. Gambling. £n Expose of Its Practice in San Francisco. Farming In California. Exlraordinary .Eerelalions of on Alchemy Swindle. The Eight-Hour Movement. [Special CoiresoondcDCC of the Chicago Tribanc. Sax Fbakcisco, California, February 13, 1807. INDECENT AMUSEMENTS. It my memory serves me rightly, you had an attack of San Francisco meiodconismiu Chicago a few weeks since; a brief attack to he sure, but snllicicnt to give you an idea of the disease. Happening into a place of amusement, a few days since, I picked np a copy of the Dramatic Chronicle , a small sheet distributed gratis, as the as the advertising medium for Melodcons in that class of places of amusement, and the first paragraph which came under my notice was the follow ing: ** The three finest fornied women in San Francisco, Ella La Rue, Ada Florence, and Fumy Hat ks, appear to-night at the Olympic, in the Merry Wives of San Fran cisco.” The names and the title of the piece will strike your police as being familiar. These women are the same who attempted to play the “ Merry Wives of Chicago” in your town and found that the public sent!- i ment was not yet educated up to that polut I which would tolerate such beastly I exhibitions in -the Garden City. Here such pieces run night after night and month alter month at the Melodeons fre quented by men of all ages, young boys, and women of 111-repute, in crowds, and not a I word is said by the public press against it, nor Is any attempt made to stop them by the 1 police or other authorities. Formerly such exhibitions were most patronized ou Sunday nights, but a year or two since the Legisla- I turc, through the (fforis of country members I who arc supposed to be stlU unenligbtcncd and not educated up to the times—passed a law which compelled them to close on the Sabbath, and some oi our local religious or ganizations have succeeded iu enforcing the law. But on all other nights of the week 1 they continue in lull blast and go on un checked. It is true that the Alta , Bulletin I and Time* decline to publish the advertise ments of these Mclodeous on any terms, but that Is the extent of the protest of the com -1 mumty against such afialrs. The son ot the course pursued by the people of the two cities in this matter docs not tell much in favor of San Francisco, I am sorry I to say. 1 Passing through the calaboose, on the evening of the Clh instant, I beard a man in one of the cells indulging In the most infa -1 mous language, and; on Inquiring his name, was inlormca that it was John Woodward— they had him booked under another name— who was with these women m Chicago, as manager of the “ San Francisco Comiques,” He was infer drunkenness and obscenity, ana would get off with a liue of flve to ten dor lars ou the morrow. GAMBLING IS SASJ'RASCISCO, Judge Cowles, of the County Court, has just created a sensation hy a very violent charge to the Grand Jury on the subject of gomtdmg ana the manner in which it is car ried cn unchecked, within a stone’s throw of the City Hail, and under the very nosea, if not the eyes, of the San Francisco police. Hetnorc than intimated that if it were not for the lact that some ofthe high authorities in the Police Department were Induced to wink at the crime, gambling could bo sup pressed entirely in ban Francisco. The pub lic at large, who know us much about the lads as does JuUge Cowles, will not fully agree with him. To begin at the bottom, the lower class of Chinese'and Coolies are the most inveterate gamblers on earth, and all eirorta to prevent their indulging in the vice until their nature has been radically changed—say after a couple of thousand years of good example set them by our Caucasiau population—will , nesessarily prove abortive. They gamble by lottery, at dominoes, or oy the ‘‘banking \ game” of “Than” or “Tun,” In every part of lire city, by day and by night, all the year round. The gambling houses m the Chinese quarter ofthe cltv are never closed from ouc year’s cud to another. You hear the horrid music oi their one-stringed fidelcsnnd kettle drums from early mornieg to morning again, and sec the votaries of fortune crowding in and out ofthe dens all the time. Then we have games of cards and other kinds of gambling peculiar to the natives of every country of Spanish America, Asia and the Mands ol the ocean, always going on in the quartets inhabited by the ditfureut classes in the city, ail the year round. Then it must bo remembered that four out cf five of all the ‘‘corner gro ceries” scattered all over the city, from the city front to Lone Mountain, and from North Bench to the Mission Dolores, have a card room in the icar, where “pitch,” “crib,” and “draw poker” arc constantly going on for liquor and money. Then, too, the churches encourage the passion for gambling by the grab-bag “tombola” and similar dodges, or /airs and festivals, while firsi-clnss merchants regularly invest in the Koval Havana Lottery. A few days since a linn owning a leading saloon, drew SIOO,OOO iu the Havana, and the partner, having the lucky ticket in his pocket, attempting to leave the country hy steamer, was dogged by the police, set on by the other member of tue firm, who claimed that the money was paid irom the common funds, and, after the matter became public, the ollair was compromised and the money divided. Here are forms enough of the vice to deter the policeman from cher ishing any thought of abdicating the evil from the community, but these are only the picket guards at the outposts, after all. When he approaches the door o! a regular gambling house, he find his way set around with difiicnliies almost Insurmountable. The Bulletin, speaking of this subject, says: A etiatgcr cannot enter a gambling “sa loon ” m \bis city unassisted by the initiated. He must Hist be Introduced and endorsed by someone known to the proprietors ol the establishment, before the entree ol the house is his. The eiloons are usually fitted with an outer and inner door, so arranged that a person cannot etc the Interior of the saloon until boili doers aco passed. The outer door is provided with oraalt wicket, large enough for a man to look through when raised, through which the visitor is identified. This door and wicket *3 tended by a person ■who knows all the patrons of ihc game, and who can usually tell a gambling man by “the cut of his jib.” For lUs service, one of the most imnoriont abonl a wimbling sa loon, a man Is usually selected win ](, famll- Lr about the city, and more parvicalarly ■with the countenances of the police oncers. On his judgment depends the "afety cn his employers, for Ifby any oversight ol his xn opponent of the game should gam admlssiot to Ihc rooms, and mingle with the belters about the table, taking notes of what he saw with a view to a criminal prosecution, it would he a sad day for the doorkeeper. Ex polhc officers are usually employed m this kind of business, their knowledge ot the tac tics of policemen aud their personal acquain tance with the physiognomies ol members of the Police Department rendering them pecu liarly fitted for the service. It is ibeir business to know when new po licemen are appointed, to learn who they ore, and he able to identify them In case t hey present themselves at the door of a gambling house, attiied in any dress hut that of a po liceman. "When vacancies are to be filled on the police force, these men are constant fi e wuculers of ihe City Hall, endeavoring to leaia all they can concerning the new ap pointees «t. tbe'carllest moment. It is un doubtedly a ».ct that these men have friends on the police i> rce , whoosMat them in gath ering the mloi-tiation they desire. The general excellence <» n d efUciencyof the force arc admitted, but iiwould be a moral won der if there were novi n their ranks some times weak or corrupt nen, who either in voluntarily or wJlllngiybu. o uie instruments In the concealment ol ••■Why do not the police adop.'strategy, and gain ingress through skylights n r windows, or suddenly pounce in upon u game by forcing the door 1” the answer is,M ja t cvl d«tce sufficient to convict the gt»ablcts in a court of justice, canno i,e gained in Ibis way, for the moment that entrance Is gained Ihc dealer drops his box. and the game stops. The officer sees money and checks representing value upon the table, heais the clinking of coin, sees the anxious betters grouped about the “bmk,” secs the dealers sitting behind the table with his box aud cards before him, and # In fact everything necessary to convince him to a moial certainty that he is in the “den of ti c tiger ” but be docs not see the game of laro played. It * s uo crime for man to sit behind a f»»o table with the gambling imple ments about him, and to Ibis extent docs the knowledge of the officer go. Of course the game is not resumed while he is present, ar.d having in vain attempted to get evi dence, he retires unsuccessful. The moment be has taken his departure, and the coast is clear, the dealer resumes bis nox, the play ers make their bets, and the game proceeds after the interruption as if nothing lad hap .peued. When I add that the dealers In some ofthe worst gambling dens are always clad in long black robes, masked and wigged, so as to defy the closest scrutiny ami haffie every effort at identification, even wbcu the dis gidrcd policeman stands face to face with them, and that an at tempt at an arrest is but to signal for the disappearance of the lights and a general scramble and hustling, which would result in the certain escape of the prisoner, —you will see that the chances for making a successful raid on these dens arc slight, infeed. But even if all these diffi culties are overcome, in a given case, by some unexpected run of good luck, and tbc dta'er identified and got under lock and key, experience shows that there is no earthly ground lor hope of a convlcUou, for the w It ncss must be locked up in an iron ceil and gunidtd night and day, or he will be ap pioachtd and “palmed,” “sweetened,” or scared by threats into leaving the country. Bather than run the risk of a conviction, the gambler will bleed to any extent, and. If money will not do the work, threats and even actual violence, if necessary, will be resorted to unhesitatingly. lam afraid that It will he many years before gambllngwul be put down in San FrancKco. THE old cut. It Is customary, I believe, in all countries, for the farmers to raise a recular howl over the “utter failure of the crops” every sea* eon. T»ke up any country paper In Illinois. li> the summer season, and read it belleving ly, and jou must be convinced that the far mers in that section are on the brink of starv ation, ‘with certain rum and the inevitable Sheriff staring them in the face. Cali'ornii Jurmers are uo exception to the rule. Al ready vre hear, from all parts of the State, the most discouraging reports. Inonescction the complaint is raised that the rains have been so heavy, and the weather so warm, that the voluntetr barley, wheat and oats li . e., sell-sown crop*, which continue to pro duce year after year with no trouble to the farmer, save the narvcsllng,) are growing so lank that there will be an overgrowth or straw, and nearly the whole must ba cut for fodder. As this kind of “hay” pt Is the only kind In our market, there being no hay pioper, such as vou have la the Atlantic State?, In California,] Is now $lO to S2O per tdn here, ibis does not prove to he such a fatal Calamity after all. Then from another section comes the report that the rains have been so long continued that the town crops will be put in the ground eo late that they will be suo-killed beforo matu illy. The simple facts are that we have never had a more favorable season through out the State, and the prosnect for a fall crop ol alMheccieolswasncver better. The fall of rain has been just tbe regular annual average (twenty-two inches), and It come so gradually that thegroundsoakeditupabout os last as it fell. More ground is being sbwu and planted this season than ever before, an'd we shall have an Immense surplus to export to Asia, Europe or the Atlantic States, wherever it-may be most needed. ALCHEMY IN SAN FRANCISCO. “The fools are not all dead yet,” and that Is a tact. A few evenings sinqo the detec tives arrested at a bouse on Bernal Heights, beyond the old Pioneer Race Track, one John Richard Hobson,- alias James Richards, on the charge of obtaining money by false pre tences, under circumstances which forbid any limit being Hied for human credulity. It appears that some months since Hobson arrived here from England or the East, aud gave out that he was divinely commissioned to icstore the children of Israel to Palestine in a novel manner. He . preached no new crusade or holy war, but proposed to go to work in a fur more practical and much safer and more agreeable manner to accora phish his mission. He had been treated to a first class “Vision,” like the seers of old, and Ibe process of transmuting the base metals into gold—alchemy. In snort—had been re vealed to blm. He was to get a small amount of stock taken, start a laboratory on Bernal Heights, and turn out In short order a few millions of gold, just as “a starter,” to show how it could be done, and enrich the stockholders. After they had got enough to satisfy the most Inor dinate thirst for wealth, ho was to make an effort on a larger scale; freight a fleet with bars ol gold, go over to Constantinople, buy Palestine of the Sultan, and call in the members of the Hebrew filth from all parts of tbe earth to have a pood time generally. Incredible as it may seem, be succeeded in deluding a merchant named Liprnan, into putting $2,185, another named Folk, $3,030, and one named Worm, $350, into this opera tion. Still mother man, named Myers, a carpenter, who did the work on tbe labora tory at Bernal Heights,, put in S2OO, tbe amount of bis bill. He went on to mix met als, crushed rock and acids, something after the formula of the Rosicruclans, with any amount of palaver and hocus-pocus, aud buritd the mixture in the earth to remain a given number of days, when the pure gold was to be dug out. . ~ ~ To solve all doubts the stockholders were invited to take bold and dig it out tacm selvcs. They did so, and sure enough found an amalgam which competent assayers pro nounced ilch and no mistake. The stock holders were now entisded lint they had “tbe biggest thing In the mountains” and no mistake. One only remained skeptical. This was Lipman. lie watched the alche mist’s operation until be became satistlcd that be was using some shenanigan on them, though he was not even then fully convinced that the whole thing was a bilk. He be* thought him of the fact that the “Bailey Lead” swindle was detected by some of the victims through the image of the Goddess of Liberty dimly outlined on one of the speci mens exhibited by the discoverer, and, act ing on tbe bint, looked closely into tuc dregs in one of tbecruciblcs. He found remnants ot, partially melted coins bearing the legends “ In God v.c Trust” and “ E Pluribos Unum.” and thought he detected! rat-llkc odor. To be plain about it, he was sure be did, and this fact was enough to ladnee him to lodge a complaint with Justice Tobin, charging Hobson with obtaining money by false pre tences. Olilcers were despatched with Lip man to serve the warrant, and on the way out there they advised him to go ahead and demand his money off Hobson, alias Rich ards, and keep him in conversation until they came up and made the arrest. Ho acted as directed, and to his exeat surprise the greater part of his money was returned to him at once by the alchemist, who con soled him with the remark that be was a confounded fi»ol for throwing up such a big thfrg os he bad got in tbe investment out of which he was so recklessly drawing. The arrest was made, but of course the case was promptly dismissed when it came into Court, the impression being that the defendant was more fool than knave. Hobson then held Lipman for $5,000 damages for false Imprisonment. Meantime the work went on and the other stockholders continued to bleed freely for tbe expenses. All was going on smoothly and more money was to have been raised to complete a grand operation which was to put at least a million dollars into each of the stockholders* pockets. This grand opera tion was to culminate on the 2d of February, 1867, but alas for the vanity of human ambi tion ! Hobson, alias Richards, had a confi dent named Tuckalusky, who bad been of great assistance in helping to rope in the greenhorns who furnished the lauds, and who pretended to have also Invested largely lu the enterprise himself. This Tuckalasky got scared, or “weakened,” thinking the game was about played out and trumps were getting scarce, and he went and let the cat out of the bug at one jump, revealing tho swindle. He told how Hobson, alias Rich aids, bud put up the whole affair, and yes terday the aircst was made asstated. The officers lound at the laboratory, or gold mill, on Bernal Heights, four large vat? m which tbe sweating and steaming process was car ried on—soujg of the stockholders j.ow un derstand the process thoroughly—a few cru cibles and tools, and for tbo rest, 4 a beg garly account cf empty boxes.” fallacies ol Cocos Island treasure seekers and Kooert Kldu’s bank of dcno&lt hunters, what next? And all Ibis in the city of San Francisco, in Hie latter part of tbe nineteenth century, ami the victims the shrewdest and sharpest of Hebrew merchants ! Blow your trumpet, Gabriel! THE EIOIIT-HOUR MOVEMENT. The ri-'iit-bour movement is being pushed spasmodically by the different Trades Asso ciations In San Frsnsisco, with a prospect or at least a temporary success. Several trades—the carpenters and bricklayers in cluded—have commenced working on tpe plan already, and it will ‘be forced on the other trades where tbe “piece work ’ system cannot be substituted for the day labor ays tern. The result will be, of course, an im mediate reduction in the amount of work commenced, and ultimately the reduction of the wa«cs of tbe workmen themselves. The Chinese arc really the parties most benefited by this movement, as it Inevitably throws work into their bands in almost every branch of business. They not only work cheaper. bnt arc willing to work more hours, and. whenever the white laborers push their demands beyond the point where capital can afforo to admit them, the Mangollan steps in and picks the chestnuts quietly out of the fire. Then the Irishmen who lead off In the strikes and high price movements at once raise aery for* protec tion against foreign labor,” and absolutely resort to the same arguments—ln effect— which tbe Know Nothings used to employ against them a few years since. This may seem Inconsistent, but when was human nature ever consistent? It makes all the difference in the world who owns the ox and who owns the bull. AN OLD CHICAGOAN. Rev. Lyeandcr Walker, lormerly a lawyer htCblcugo. and a sportsman much.inclined to >.‘(incnt the Calumet and Winnebago swsnps—many agood hunt I have had with him—s stilled as pastor of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Oakland, our suburban cit\ ucrtaa the Bay, opposite San r rancisco. Altamonte. Direct Hallway Connection Between Clticoso nod tlie Gulf of iflcxlco. CmcAQo, March 13. To the Editor ot the Chicago Tnbnco: As our missltn to your city has terminated for the present so auspiciously for our mu tual interests, we propose to address the citi zens, and especially tho business men, of Chicago, briefly. SUtlny some of the advan tages to be derived bj them by building the very short line of railroad that will give Chicago a direct communication with the Central and great Southwestern portion of Missouri; and also to eativfy von that we nave not presented any cunningly devised fable for that purpose, when wcusu you to aid us in our effort to build this hue of rail, road from Scdalla to the HanoHnl and bi. Jo-cub Road. Ryan examination tf. the map of the States of Missouri, Arkafeas and Te\a« jou will And that Scdalla is in a dl rec‘l air line from Chicago to Galveston, Texas, and to which point railroad nrtn and capitalists arc now directing their atlcuion. That a railroad will inn lew years be bnU to 7b. cSlfoT Mexico, .well will be acoisAble v our "teat Northern audEasterti seaUoa.d, nooner-e-lio will seriously coutomplat, the Him ery ot railroads In our country, willfor a moment doubt. This projectea is lu a direct Imc-lntersectrog w Atlantic and TecOo Bad row at, itic Granby lead mines, surpassing in rich, 1 nets uml cKt«*nt any mines heretofore known , to the civilized world, so much for this •mat Hue to the Gulf of Mexico. Our only purpose, however, in tua article was to reler to the commercial act* vantages to be derived by Chicago from the cox nection we piopcse. Sedalia waa laid off os u town in ISOO, and Is situated on the la* cifle Railroad, one hundred and eigbty-nme miU-s west of'St. Louis, sed is now the conn iv seat of Pettis County. The first train of cai 1 fr m St. Louis arrived there in January or February 1801. In April of the same year, the nufortunatc civil war nad assumed so ihritttcninp an aspect to Union men tha many left the town aud never have i wturoed. Orly a few temporary houses were built during the continuance of the war. im pn,Turnouts recommenced In ;£ r ]"S ISC4, but Price’s raid again Interfered nnd stopped lire growth ol Sedelia I >" l * l 4 l SS- Now our population numbers ebout 4,000, anT lest year the business of the ptaee amounted to about three and a quarter mil lions of dollars. Nature seems to have designed this bv the topography of the country as the Siet entrepot for Southwestern Missouri, the Cherokee ana Creek nations and Northeastern The immense tide of emigration now uouriug into Southwestern Missouri, will In S few veers nnd before the Atlantic and Pa. can be built to the Gmuby WhSSSESfSS'SSfIbr the consider* ation of the people of Chicago, we desire to Stnrn oir tfimU to the olllcers and mem bers of Ibo Board of Trade, and also to the gentlemen of Ibe press, for the expression, of kindness and courtesy shown us while m \our city. Very respectfully, J Geohoe R. Smith, I committee. A. A. J.VTKE3, f Tbc Illinois Central nnilrond. Tlio officers of tho Illinois Central Rail road have issued their annual report to the Directors, ending December 31,16G6. It U i a comprehensive document, and gives-all the facts and figures necessary, to a appreciation of the condition of the com Tbc earnings for the psat yea* t C.S&4LC6, showing a deceit, as compared with ISPS. of fG3*,450.9n; ibe operation expenses, I »4,87»,2C1CU, being $uW,900.13 less than In 1383; tod tbe net earnlces, $2,175,417.33, against $2,174*93-1. <0 >2i ISO—l*’lnc a boot tbe earn* aa last j«ar. Tba pa-seneer income for 1375 vu $2,722,2C».22, end for. the past year $1,337,703.02, atoning ibe above deficit to cross camitm to be I entirely In tbo passenger traffic This was Inevi- | ta'-le—not only the b«*avv transportation ot uoops to anr from too field, bat travel Incidental to the army, cave us a heavy traffic narln* lbs war, and for a time after Its clo-e, nnbi nor cH- I toldiety had become re-established In tbeir- I Northern home-. >rom tbeste causee mainly, I 'bis ejpencuced a heavy «*eclh.c in lia passenger traffic. Beside-, the South has not recovered sufficiently to give us which must In time c. me from that source. Desolated by war - I jjg labor f-»lem disorganized—lt is not strange 1 that the rec*ustmcUon of --outbern Industry has bem io slow, that tbe vast counUr below our I sonihtfiMciD.inus has cvctslbued iltileornoih- hip to onr resources. The income of tlic line from freight was $J,230,1C0.25, showing a healthy growth in local business. Finding, early in the year, a diminution In income, the outlays and ex penditures were economized. Prices for labor and material remain unchang ed. During the past yesvr 6,003 tons of new and re-rolled iron have been laid. Two new locomotives, seven passenger 'coaches and one hundred and fifty stock cars have been added to the eqmppago of the road. The construction account has been increased $190,538.65 for new station buildings, sidings, water tanks and other permanent improve ments. During the past year, in addition to the payment of interest on the funded debt and State tax, amounting to $1,300,930.05, tbe company have paid two dividends of five per cent each, amounting, with Government tax, to $2,459,678.96, and commenced the present ycar-with a balance on hand of $3,029,819.07, out of which lhs dividend of Febiuary 1, 1807, tas since been pild, leav ing a balance of about $$00;000. The pay ment of a five per cent dividend lu August next is pretty certainly assured. Tbe total nnionnt of landed debt was, on the first of tbe year, * 12,1-1 l.fOO; snowing a redaction of $187,500 pldco onr’ last report. From tbe collec tioesot tbe land Department, $993,500 construe- I lion bonds were cancelled. Tbe amonatot can- I celled nonds on (and, at me close of tbe year, ap- I pllcablc to deeds, was of which , $l.6Wi,WiO nrc m advance ol collections ]be operations ut the land Depaitment were unite pallefactory, tho soles being 158,015 19-100 Hc<ee.tod, 18|i<>rcliasers,for at an average of < 10.05 per acre. The collections were 52.M)5,515.80; and tbe expanses, Incladlugaalarios, collecting depaitment, commissions on sales, ad vertising, legal expenses, &c., amonnted to SIOO,- Glti I*o. Tl o to»al number of acres remaining un sold nasSf-8,841 47-100; and tbe amount of notes be d by ibe compnny for land “Old. and »hich will, be paid, tp,w.236.3i By disposing of tho com pany’s lands tho settlement of the country is accel erateo and onr imfUc Jncreas a, tbe Bates being made npon short time to actnal settlers. Ho arrangements blue b-.-en made with any fast Ireigbt expresses orer this line. The only express companies doing business over thl* road arc the Ameiicnnand Adams, forme carrying of money and packages. The number of engines owned by this com pany at the close of the yeat, 150. The num j her of freight cars is 3,510, and passenger

I cars, 119. PERSONAL ITEMS. The London Anglo-American Times says McGinnis’s nomination by tho President as Minister t«. Stockholm will cost the Treas ury about $20,000. By the regulations of the State Department he can draw for his outfit and six months’ pay in advance. He has therefore larded in Europe In good time for the Paris Exhibition, with a handsome sum in his pocket, and liberty to go where ho pleases, so long as the money lasts. Ho is also a martyr. So that McGinnis docs not lose so much os might at first sfcht he sup posed by bis rejection by the Senate. S. K. Murdoch, a brother of the tragedian, Is giving elocutionary entertainments In ■Washington. Isaac N. Caress, a young lawyer of Salem, Indiana, is unaccountably missing. Lord Stanley has promoted Charles Lever, the novelist, to be British Consul at Trieste. Maryland is contemplating a monument to Francis 8. Key, author of the “Star Span- 1 gled Banner.” It Is reported that George Peabody is to give half a million dollars for a Home for Fallen Women at New York, Hon. William Alfred Hacker, died at bis residence In Cairo, 111., on the 9th Inst. Mr. Hacker was horn In Union County, 111., on I the 20lh of May, IS2O. At the age of eighteen he entered West Point Military I Academy, hut left before graduating. He then studied law in Springfield, afterwards went to Washington where he remained until 1854, when he went to Cairo as editor of the Cairo Gazelle. In 1853 Mr. Hacker was elected to the Legislature, and In 1801 was le-elecled. In 1803 he was elected to the Constitutional Convention, and elected President of that body. Mr. Hacker had been in feeble health for several months, bat was not deemed in a dangerous’condition I until a few hours before hU death. I Mis. Jell. Davis is the mother of an -1 other boy. A Mr. Hickson has assumed the manage ment of the Gland Trunk Railroad during Mr. Brydgca absence in England. The state ment that a verdict of manslaughter was rendered against Mr. Brydgcs and the chief engineer on account of a railway accident, is untrue. tinionlMn iu Nunn Carolina. A white Uuion party is springing up in all parts of the South since the passage of tbe Reconstruction Bill. A general movement has just commenced in North Carolina. The Unionists in that Stale heartily endorse tho Reconstruction BUI. Says the New York Trtl/une: “Thu Union members of the Legislature, together with other loyal citizens, recently held a meeting In Raleigh, in which it was unanimously recommended thatthe people promptly accept the plan of Congress, and that toe Chairman of the meeting, the Hon. C. L. Harris, Slate Senator fiom Rutherford, Clcaveland and Polk counties, designate not lets than oue hundred of the leading Union citizens to assemMoJin Raleigh, on the 27th of Match, to plan and call for a Constitutional Convention. The Chairman of the meeting ■was also instructed to ascertain the views and wishes of the colored people of the State, with a view to a prompt and harmoni ous co-opcratlon of all the loyal people of the State in the work of reconstruction. As rccards the prospects of this new Union movement, It will be well to bear in mind that in 18Co the Unlonhts polled 35,803 votes, while tbe rebel candidate for Governor had only 82,539. Last year, when tbe platform of the party was much more racflcal.tho Union candidate for Governor polled 10,»49 voles against 84,845 given to the rebel can didate ; but tbe reduction of tbe Union vote was altogether owing to the abstention of the majority of Unionists who were discour aged. According to the census of IbbO, tho-1 number of whiles In North Carolina was 029,W2, and that of the colored people 301,522. There can he no doubt, then, we be lieve, that the co-oneration of the united white and colored loyalists may secure a large majority of the votes whicli the Recon struction Bill admits.” The blacks can bring a reinforcement of 50,000 voters or more to the Union column, burning the election of the Radical ticket. ■\Ve expect to see North Carolina reprtsented in Congress next winter by two Radical Sen ators,and at least live out of the eight House members, also Radicals- Gci’ornl Slicrronn on “Howe Prowl- H , s » and the miwii of \>«r, Wo have hcen furnished, says the Silma (Alabama) Times, with a copy of the follow ing teller from General Sherman In reply to a Confederate clergyman asking to have his horse restored to him. It was a very good specimen of the erratic humor of that bril liant chieftain and eminent raider, and will doubtlecs provoke a smile from many a Con fed., who was himself occasionally “careless in a search lor title” where horses, bee-hives, or vegetables were concerned: Atlanta, Ga., September IC, IS3I. Ecv. , Confederate Arnij-r • ... „ DrAuSm: Your Idler of September 11 H rp «,.lv d 1 apiuoa* h a nnobtlou Involving Me UJ6 oiav»rg(iffi'B grout UlDiddK'C, for the laws of war. that >oystc>ious code of which wo talk so nmch but know so lutlc, arc remarkably silent on I’.ic “horpe.” n« is a beast to tempting to the soldier, to him of ult> cavalry, the laucy artillery, I or Um patient infantry, that 1 find [more dlfilcnlty | In ucoven c a worthies-, spavined beast than in pajlng a mil'ioii ol “gr^enburiM.”. lH»t I 1 must reduce yonr claim to one of finance, and re fer you to the g»cat Board ol Claims tu Washing ton. Tha- may roach yoar case by the time yonr grandchild becomes a great-;; randfalher. irl vaidy, 1 think it was a shabby thing in the »cnmu of t;.e Thirty-first Missouri who toon jour horse, and tbc Colonel or htsErignaicr should nave returned him; hot I cancot allbrd to nuderlake to make go id me sins ol emission of my own Colonels and Brigadiers, linticb h'“B of those ofn formergcncrotion. ‘‘When , his cmcl war is over,” and peace once more &x*.- you a pailsli. X will promise. If near j on, {‘l-rccme, out of one of Uncle Sara’s corrals, a I’,,* that will replace the one taken from yon so rfnlly. But now ’«< impossible; we navu a ,«.r T*!' beioiens. and will need all we have, 5P V. "'-ar, more too; bo lookout when the and hide yonr beasts, for my ex perience 1 that a ji holdiers are rry careless In a wK- 1 fcaovv General Hardee will COi Erm ihis tu 3UT , CC With ' * T. SusnsiAM, Major General. Tllc Sato or Gold. The following is *, c bill which Reprcscn- | tntivc Robinson offervi \ a the House on Fri day last: 1 Wurr.rAf, a return to Bpb.j o payments, or each 1 an Approximation thereto as may most conduce I to the suosLantlal interests of Uq nation, Is mucU 1 to be desired ; and I WnincAS. So lout: os ihc dntha on foreign tm- I poriauons are requited to o* paid-.xclusively In coin,the speculators in that cotnoodity have It in tbcJr t j conttol Us comlnaiutlcc, and while keeping tt fat above its legitlmata value. by alternately ucpres.-ing and advancing Its quota tion on the market, to render uncertain ar.d un- 1 tuahle standard investments, as we?l as the pace of labor and the co?l of living, to tie grea' injury ol the business of the country aui of dor nation al ficcuriiies; now, then lore, for tt>o purpose of icftilcttngihe evil referred to, sort as far as pos sible rcsitainii g further unwarrantable specula tions ana gold gambling, he it . „ Jicsolr-d, That the Secretary of the Treasury be ond Is hereby authorized to sell and dispose of f«rh amoiintH ofsumlua coin In the I’reasury of the United Slates, after i w rviug a sufficiency to pay the mtcieat on the goM-bcanng eecn»Ules of tbc Government during tne current year as he deemed advisable, and to make such b»w a “tt dUporinon at Mitcb time or times, pi jc*.-or place., ard upon such notice as be may turns best, aaa fin iher, that the Collectors of Customs- acting un d<r the anti only of the Sccteiatxpfite rrca-ury, ecd unco Rich none as he shall direct, shall he empowered end authorized to rcceive encb pro pottlon, tol exceeding rote-half o I all duties lev ied or I" he levied i D lcc»'-iendcr currency of the United States at part‘be remaining bc jond the amount so specified to be payable in coin, as her*-lo f ‘’ fC - __ Xha «ity ofWalcrhnry, Connccticnt, needs a v *xtr tupnly. The estimated cost is one bundled anil fllty thousand dollars. It is thought that East Mountain brook will bo at once tapped for the purpose. GERMANY. Opening of the North Ger- man Parliament. Speech of the Ri»(fof Prussia The Destiny of the United German Race. The first session of the North German Par- llamcnt wasupened atßerlio on Snnday, Feb ruary 24. by ibe King ofPrussia in person. On tLe right of the throue were the Crown Prince and tiic other Royal Princes, with the escep thnof Prince Frederick Charles, who took his place among the members of the Parlia ment. On the lelt hand of the throne were the Federal Plenipotentiaries, headed by Count Bismark, in military uniform. The Queen, the Crown Princess and Her Royal Highness* eldest son, Prince Frederick Charles, Prince William of Baden, Prince Nicholas of Nassau, Prince Henry of Hesse, and almost all the diplomatic body were present, and the • number of spectators was very great. The King of Prussia, who was received on entering with the most enthusiastic cheers, read the following speech Irom the throne Illcstbious, Noble aim Honocablb Gkntle vtii of tub Nobtu Gmurur coKraocainon: It Is an elevating' moment In which 1 come among you. Mighty events have brought it ai'ont. Great bone* are bound up with it. I tuank Divine Providence which brought Germany toward the obicct cleaned by her people aloag roads we neither cbo s enor foresaw, forlhe priv ilege of giving expression to those hopes In community with an assembly such as has not snnomded any German prince for centimes. Kelvin o- nnon this guidance, we shall attain the object alKbc* earner, the clearer we recognize, looking back ou the history of Germany, the causes that have led ns and our forefathers away from it, ~ Formerly powerful, great and honored, because united and gnldvil b? strong bands, the German Empire did not tick into • tsEcnston and weakness without both its bead and its members being la fault. Deprived oi welcbt in the councils of Europe, of ixiiluenee over her own history, Ger many became the arena of the straggles olioreiga Powers, for which she famished ran blood of her children, the battle-fields, and the prizes of com bat. Dot the longing of the German people for wtai it bad lost baa never ceased, and the history oi onr time is filled with tbe ertorls of Germany and the German people to regain tbe greatness of Heir past. if iht-eo efforts have hitherto not at- , mined their object-rif tney have only Increased dissension in place of healing it, because people allowen then-elves to he dec-tved oy hopes or reminhceuces os to the value of the present by ! ideals as to the Importance of facts-—we recognize tbetefrom the necessity oi seeking »he union of the German people in company wltn f*cts, and of i not again saolacing what is within our reach to I whai ve mayde.-ire. % , . , In this sense the allied Governments. In accord sccc with termer accustomed practice, have i agreed upon a number of defined and limited, but ■ practically important arianßements. as immedi ately posribleas they aie nudoubiedly requisite. The droit oi the Gonalltmlou that wilt be laid ho- I fore you a*lts from tbe indepcudenrc-of individu al Mates, lor the benefit oi tbe whole, only such sacrifices as are indispensable (o protect peace, to , yuarauu e tbe security oi Federal territory. and the development of ine prosperity of Us Inhabi- have to thank my allies for the readiness with i which they have met the requirements of the com mon Falherlard. 1 express this gratitude with the consciousness that I, too, should have been found rdadj to display the seme devotion to tbe general I welfare of Germany, if Piovidence bad not placed I me as heir to the Piosaian Cro»-n, at the head of ; the moat powerful State of tbe Confederation, and , lor that reason the one called to the leadership of I the • omiuonwealth. I leel, myself, however, | strong In lb© conviction that all the successes of i Prussia have been at tbe some time toward the restoration and elevation oi German power and honor. . , • . , Notwithstanding the general readiness, and al though tbe mighty events of the past ytarhave convinced all men ol the indisp-nsable necessity of recot structlag the German Constltni-on—thus rendciing the public mind more favorably in clined toward such a measure than It was pre viously, and perhaps might be at a later period again—we have anew perceived during the nego- Hanoi a bow difficult Is the task of attaining com plete nnanlroliy between so many independent Governments, which bate also In their concessions to bear in mind ibu views of their separate estates. The more, gentlemen,, you realize these difficulties, the more carefully i am convinced you w ill bear In mind In your examina tion ofthe draff, the heavy responsibility ot the, dancer? to the peaceful and legal execution of tbe work that has been commenced which might arise If the schemed arrived at with the Government* upon the bill now laid before yon conUl not again he obtained lor tbe alterations uomaru'cd by the Parliament. The point of supreme Importance at present la not to neglect the favorable moment for establishing ibe but ding; its more perfect com pletion, then, safe.y remains Intrusted to the suu- Fiquentcombli.en co-operation of the German sovereigns and races. , , „ , Regulation of the rational rolsliouo of the Nortfc German Conteceranou toourbrotners sooth of tbe Main has been left, by the peace treaties ol last year, to tbcvolanlarv agreement of both parti* s. Our hands will be openly and readily cx fended to bi Ir g about this m acrstaudiog as soon as tbe North German Confederation has advanced far enough In the * ettlement of Its Constltaii m to be empowered to conclude treaties. Jlio preser vation of the Zollvereln, Ibe common promotion of tiade. and a common guarantee for the secu rity of German territory, will form fundamental conditions of the understanding which it may be loresein will be desired by both parties. As tbo direction of the German mind generally is turned toward peace ana its labors, the Gonfed crate Association oi the German Slates will maiu lv a«suroc a defensive character. The German movcmeitofreccntycars ha? borne no hostile tendency toward our in Jgh striving alter conquest, bnl has arisen solely f;oo the necessity of afloidlng iho bioad domains from . the Alps to the sea the fundamental conditions, of political progress which tbo march of development in former centuries has impeded. The German races unite only for defence, and not for attack, and that their brotherhood is also regarded In this H"btby adjacent nations is proved f*y the friendly altitude oi the mightiest European states, which see Germany, without apprehension and envy, take possession of those eame advantages of a great political commonwealth which they them selves have already enjoyca lor centuries. It, tbeiclore, now only depends upon us—upon onr unity and patnoUsm—to eecure to entire Ger many the guarantees of a future In which, free from the dancer of again falling into dissension and weakness, BhcwilJ be able to farther by her own decision her consiiimlonal development and proeperiiy, and to fulfil bet peace-loving mission m tbe council of nations. I trust in God that | posterity, looking back upon our common labors, 1 will pot eav that the experience of former unsuc cessful attempts has been useless to the German people: but that, on tbe other hand, our children will thankfully regard this Parliament as the com mencement of the unity, freedom and powerof the Germans, . ... Gentlemen, all Germany, even beyond the limits of our Confederation, anxiously awaits the de cisions that may be arrlvcu at here. May tho drernn ol centuries. Ibe yearning and striving of tbe youngest generation?, be realized by our com mon work. In the name of all tho alii d Gpvern meits. In the name of Germany, l confidently call upon you to help u? rapidly and safely to carry out the great national task. And may the bless ing of God, upon which everything depends, ac company and promote the patriotic work. Three times during the delivery of the speech Ills Majesty was Interrupted by loud oncers. At tbe conclusion of the speech Count Bismark declared the Parliament to bo open. Tbe King thou bowed three times to the Assembly, and quitted the hall amid great enthusiasm. . A spectator In the hall died during tho ceremony. __ SEFFEAGE FOE THE LADIES. TlewaofDlarb Twain, *“ Mark Twain,” the California humorist, ■who i» now in St. Louis, communicates to the St. Louis Democrat his views of woman- I hood suffrage as follows : I “I have read the long list of lady peti tioners iu favor of female suffrage, and as a husband and a lather I want to protest against the whole business. It will never do to allow women to vote. It will never do to allow them to hold office. Yon know, and I know, that If they weregranted these privi- Uces there would be no moie peace on earth. They would swamp the country with debt. I i They like to hold office too well. They like I to be Mrs. President Smith of the Dorcas Society, or Mrs. Secretary Jones of the Hindoo Aid Association, or Mrs Treas urer of something or other. They are fond of the distinction of the thing, you know; they revel in the sweet jingle of tne title. They are always setting up sanctified con federations of all kinds, asd then running for President of them. They arc even so fond of office that they arc willing to serve without pay. But you allow tnem to vote end go to the Legislature once, and then see how it will be. They will go to work and sraita thousand more societies, and cram them full of salaried offices. You will sec a state of things then that will stir your feel- I mgs to the bottom of your pockets. The first fee bill would exasperate you some. In stead of the usual schedule for Judges,State 1 Printer, Supreme Court Clerks, &c., the list would read something like this : OFFICE-AWPSAI^IHES. President Dorcas Society * Subi’idiuate officers of e amc, each.... -.uw pjcslilert Indies’ Union Piayer Meeting... 3,000 Picfildenl PawneeEdncational Society..... 4,uuu President of Udiefl 1 Society for Dissemina tion of Belles Ltllrca among llic 5h05h0ne5........... h0ne5........... ,5,000 Sta c Crinoline Directre55...........; ?nnon £{«,«ti U pnl U .ei,d C utol Waterfalls iu,ww Slate Uau Oil Inspectress State Killmcr 50 *' x ’? You know what a state of anarchy and social chaos that fee bill would create. Every woman in the Commonwealth of M is- Eomi would let go everythin? and ran tor Stale Milliner. And-instead of ventilating each other’s political antecedents, as men do they would go straight after each other s private character. (I know them—they are all like my wife.) Before the canvass was three davs old It would he an established proposition that every woman in the State was “no better than she ought to be. Only tbinkhow it would lacerate me to have an opposition candidate say that about my wile. That is the idea, you know—having other people say ihese hard things. Now? * know that my wife Isn’t any better than she ought to be, poor devil —In fact, In matters of orthodox doctrine, she Is particularly shaky—but still I would notlike these things aired in a political contest. I don’t really suppose that that woman will stand any mere show hereafter than—however she may improve—she may even become a bea con light for the saving of others—but If she docs she will burn rather dim, and she will dicker a good deal, too. But, as 1 was say ing, a ft male political canvass would be an outrageous thing. Think of the torch-light processions that would distress our eyes.. Think of the curi ous leget ds on the transparencies: “Robbins forever I Vote lor Sallle Rob bins, the only virtuous candidate in the Add 1” And this: “Chastity, modesty, patriotism ! Let the 1 great people stand by Marla Sanders, the champion of morality ana progress, and the i only candidate with a stainless reputation And this: ~r»V x ®^r M cGinnlss, thelncorrupt!- ble! Ijinc children—one at the breast In this day a man shall say to his servant “ What is the matter with the babv the servant shall reply, “lf hTL B ler hours.” “And where Is u| mother*” ele £ tioneeri DK for Sallteßob bite.” And. such conversations i the“c fcball transpire between ladles and servants applying fpr p itri atl°rjs: “ Can you cook?” “Test” “Wash?” “Yes.” “Dogenemt housework?” “Allright; who Is jour choice for State Milliner?” “Judy Mc- Gituies.” “Well, you can tramp.” And women shall talk politics Instead of discuss ing the fashions; and they shall neglect the duties of the household to go out and take a drink with candidates; and men shall nurse the taby while their wives travel to the polls to vote. And a’so In that day the man who bath beautiful whiskers shall beat the home- It man of wisdom for Governor, and the Von»b •who waltzes with exquisite grace shall be Chi'f nf Police. In p'-nfrrence to the man 01 practiced sagacity and deter.uinc^eoc:gy ; Every man. I take it, has a selfish end In view when te poms out eloquence in behalf of the public good In the newspaper*, and such is the case vnth me. Ido not want the pjlvileaes of women extended, because m T wife already holds office In nineteen dlUereut infernal female associations, and I have to do all her clerking. If you give the women inh sweep wiyi the men in political aif-urs* she will proceed to rnn for every contcmnaea office under the ne* dispensation. That «»u finish me. It is bound to finish me. She would not have time to do anything at all then, and the ore solitary thing I have sbhked up to the present time wonld fall on me, and my family would go to destruction ; for I am not oua’lfied for a wet nurse. Maus Twaix. THE KINGDOM OF CANADA. Its Extraordinary Fighting Power. In the House of Lords, on the 19th of February. . Lord Caexarvok, in moving the sec ond reading of the bill for the Confedara- I tion of British North America, gave an out line of its principal provisions. The scheme of a Confederation oftbe various Colonies of British North America has been In agitation for more than forty years, but It was only I recently that by an agreement between the representatives of the different Colonies a I practical result had become feasible. * * * * He regarded the future of the I Federation as oce ot great and happy I jromise, and he believed that In passing this J )jll they would be laying tbe foundation of a great Slate worthy lo take its place by the side of one of the greatest nations of tbe world—tbe United States. Lord Nohmakdt adverted to the military advantages which this union 1 would confer on tbc American I Colonies. It was no longer in tbe power of England to bear the almost exclusive bur den of defending those Colonies, hut their j inhabitants bad showed the greatest willing ness to bear their share of the duty. The time bad now come, he said, when it most be clearly understood that change In the modes of locomotion had so altered the po- j sltion of British North America that, even I ifwebadthe will, we had no longer the means, single-handed, to defend it. The j colonists, however, were now perfectly will ing to co-operate with ns, and os long as we retained our naval superiority at sea those who attacked tbe Provinces would do so at I great disadvantage. It was useless to con- I ceal from onrselvesthat themllltary position I oftbe United States had greatly altered I of late. A few years ago tne I American army consisted only* otfsoihc 10,000 men; now they had an enor mous and well-disciplined force. Some ac- I '*onnt, therefore, of what had been dons and what was capable of being done In one at I least of our North American Provinces, might not he uninteresting. When he first I assumed the Government of Nova Scotia, In j 1858, the entire local force of that country consisted of some fifty or sixty volunteer ar tillerymen. Subsequently an opportunity presented itself of raWng- volunteer corps, and ot a later period enabled him to obtain a revision of the militia laws. J In 1863, when ho left that Province, there were no less than 34,800 men regularly drilled for flve days every year; and since 1 that time matters bad greatly improved. If Nova Scotia, with - a population of 300.000, could produce 50.000 militiamen, ho could see no reason why British North Amer ica, with a population of 4,000,000, should not prcduce an enrolled militia ofi 400,000 or 500.000. As war with Canada meant war with England, America would be obliged to keep a large force at home for the protection of her own shores. In speaking thus of America, he alluded, of course, only to nos siblUtiesl No one was more sensible than I himself of the serious disadvantages of a war | with America; ro..onecould deplore more the miseries which such a war was calcula ted to entail; and nobody could look with greater interest on the institutions of that country, or entertain a higher sense of her greatness and resources. [The “rohle Lord’s” description of the fighting powers of the Kingdom of Canada will astonish the natives of the Yankee na tion, and perhaps fill their minds with ’ gloomy forebodings of the thrashing the Kannck mastiff and the British lion may some day administer to the “ bird o* Free dom.” But in order to allay alarm'in tbe public mind it may he best to remind Ameri can readers that notwithstanding the for midable “blue nose” militia ofNovaScotia, and the 400,000 enrolled (?) royalists of the new Kingdom, and the superior navy of the mother country, we are not in immediate danger of being overrun or conquered by our Colonial neighbors. We happen tohaveaboutyifcor six millions of fighting men In the "States,” of whom two millions have seen service, smelled gunpowder and have heard the sound of bullets in battle, and “don’t scoio worth a cuss,” and then we have six or seven hundred ‘‘bull dogs of the deep,” of the “hold-fast” breed—very tenacious pups. And lastly, we could, in a pinch, muster a few Fenian lads, who might salcly be trusted to take care of “the Queen’s Own.” One thing is very certain. If a war should break out between the two Powers, the land fighting would last no longer than the German war—forty days, when one side or the other would be gobbled and “an nexed.” The noble Lord may have an opin ion which it would be.] POLITICS IN THE AUMT. Antstiznato of the Political Vlowauf onr General Officer*. The Washington correspondent of the Worcester (Mass.) Spy, In alluding to the Military Reconstruction Bill, says: In view of the power which, by the bill, is to be intrusted to the officers of the army, it may be worth while inquiring what their opinions will be likely to be. Of course the General and Lieutenant General are not to be considered. The one cannot be sent from here, and the other has other important du ties assigned bltn. Grant was formerly a Democrat, is not a man of warm political feelings, and may now be set down as a Con servative Republican. Sherman is organically wrong. He is a race-baler, and oligarchic by instinct. Though his brain may accept tho issues of the war, his temperament will fight against their logical conclusions. He was a thorough Unionist, but intensely pro slavery. He is of the same stripe slilL 1 speak from some personal knowledge of his former opinions. Of the Major Generals, Halleck we all know ; I cannot better describe him than by narrating a comment made yesterday by some gentlemen who were looking at Ritchie’s painting of Mr. Lincoln’s death- | bed. One ot them remarked ol GeneralHal leck’s figure and expression, (he Is one of the group about the bed,) that “It was the first time he bud ever seen Halleck either person ally or lu a portrait look pleased.” “Yes,” said another, “be Is doubtless thinking that there is some chance for him to become President.” “If not that,” responded a third, ho is certainly thinking that he would be Presi dent, if the people only could realize what an able man he was.” i , , He is on the Pacific, and out of the ring, for which we all have reason to be thankful. Meade has been a Johnson man. He is, I believe, a War Democrat in politics and an ansiociat by instincts. Sheildan never Lad any politics before the war. Ho used occasionally to declare in the torly nart of the war, when serving as Chief Quarteimaster with the late General Samuel R. Curtis, that tho Abolitionists and Seces sionists ought to be hung together. Since then he has travelled far. Sheridan may be considered a Radical. . , Tbomas —“ Old Steady”—ls to my mind the finest soldier and citizen the regular army has given ns. He is an eminently national man, is just, able, unbending, and endowed with great aammlstrative abilities. In many respects be more resembles the his toric George Washington than any public man now on the stage. But he will not bo selected, as his present command gives him control over several of the Stales. Hancock is a Johnson man, or, I should rather say, was. He is considered a ulr and Brigadier Generals, there Is Pope, a moderate Republican and an excellent ad- now commanding in Virginia, was a Conservative Repubbcan when the war broke ont. He did not grow any more radical until his recent experiences com manning in Virginia. He is a sale man. Teiry is, as we all know, a Radical. He will hardly be selected, having been honor ably banished to Dakota for tMt offence. riillip M.-Oevige Cooke is OUt OntUO Plains. He is a Conservative; perhaps worse. His present place is just suited to him, as his life has been chiefly spent on the f, Rosccrans is ont of the country, and Is most emphatically “played out.” He Is pricst-riddcE, as well as being a soured and disappointed egotist. He may be considered a Republican. „ . , Hooker is a good Republican, as is also McDowell. The latter is on the Pacific, and the former U ayailable. Ord Is a Maryland er, a Conservative, but Union men from Ar kansas say he is a just man, and true to the country. He is in command there. Caoby i« the last Brigadier, and commands at this point. He is a Conservative, but under Slant'n’s influence. IJoward is at the head of the Freedmcu’s Buxcau. The choice must in all probability be Hooker, Pope, Ord, Schofield and Canby— the five Brigadiers available, should the Ma jor Generals retain their departmental com .j j mands, as is most probable. ,lic A Sleigh Bide over the Sierra Nevada. [San Francisco Correspondence of the New York Times.] The grandeor of “ sleigh-ride <"“•£« Sierra Nevada Mountains J t wi"i iirpif to the readers imagination. 1 wiu luti however, that wo moaated the second be“?taVc“» a Jtarac“o“t‘taTOrl£ upon tbe first de | aa t rays of the sun tho Be fJ?^ kl r *« B s^, |fce diamonds noon the a er S-lM Lake 8 Tahoe, while the great orb ItEaVf imlcendad from terrestrial view behind “S“luster of clouds, which seemed a gorECoas cm rcsp i cn dunt glory some ‘‘ f :r J“ r The brilliancy ol their Inter minutes aiiv* _ v,.* it wm ui ’ht. slices bright, twinklings-ars Pu 1 V°tifp Ethereal tlome, the interstellary 'if , 0 r nbich seemed to maintain their Sfur-af litrlAww we sped-the Riant d “i*. inVkln. like Brim sentinels as we whirled afouf; and It 9p.m. wo halted at klJawbcirv, partook of a hearty sapper, and fn due iourfe of time afterward retired to °"K«t tn morStoE.‘ after a most refreshing ah hi’s rest we left Strawberry, and reached Plaeertllle thirty-four miles distant, a little after dark; the loads la some places being la exceedingly had order. In EOod weather, son must nndetsaad, all of these roads ara travelled day and nlnht. At this season, or, more properly, durfug tho Present dorampm condition ol tho reds. It wpoVlbe sxtremoly dangerous to attempt the Sierras at nigat ( hcveTcr, and accounts for our stopping over after daylight bad ceased to exist. I Daring the summer srason, the trip over tie sdena Nevada Mountain* U add bj American and foreign travellers to be the grandest stagecoach ride* in the world. it cannot be doubted that such la the fact. Every kind rf scenery meets ooe’sview— mountain, river, lake and va’ley, in pic lujt.-que diveibity, greet yon at Tartous toints. Only ihluk of crossing two or three summits of one of the highest chains, and most toted, too, ot American mountains, u.on a toad as smooth and as excellently k« pi as tbcßlcom'ipiJule—.-pruikled lu the summer, at gnat expense, msre.y to keep the plagney oust Irom annoying tbo tourist. Ficm Strawberry to JSportsma’.’d Hall you arc accoropained by the south fork of tba Ametfcan River, an exquisite stream, watch is fh part made up of & hundred cascade* and : caiaiucts, which rmet you at almost every turn of ite road. Besides, the conches and teams are In good order, tbo drivers are sober and careful, and the bouses ot enter* tainmett numerous and orderly. When the great Pacific Railroad Is completed, it will Be no foolish expenditure for a person of leisure to make the trip clear from the At lantic, for the solo object of crossing the Siena Nevadas, THE FJSHIONS. Revival of Ancient Styles—The Agrlppa and Bow It la Worn—A Word About Jewelis Velvets and Other ilreaa Ma terial—new White Bata* i Paris Correspondence (Kehtuary 22) of thfl New York Uet&ld ] . The two words renaissance (reviyal), and decadence {dissolution), are so forcibly pressed upon oor tearing on all sides that the two ideas are almost indistinct, and we may not be astonished to find the two styles preside over the choice of our present attire. The fifteenth century has fair play at all the bale cotlume*, and the fall of the Roman Empire is equally well represented. The slashed satin of Francis I. and onr new Agrippss are not the only articles which resume both epochs. It must not be forgotten that an Agrlppa is the new basqnc or bib which ladies now wear on the front width of their narrow robes just below the chest. If I had said on the chest, I should have repeated that the bib is a stomacher, but as It is really worn on the stomach people would think the de nomination unladylike. Some people are shaking their heads while they arc reading this part of my letter, not at me, of coarse, but at the strange ideas which Agri ppas give rise to; bat, after all, is it not better to give clothes wicked names than let them be nameless, which is the case with our present sleeves on ball dresses ? A little debate arose at the Empress’ last Monday evening reception, abont the false toe* tu»t nciuiiiennettiuri u *»« > unanimously settled that the light of a pret ty woman’s glance is “put out” by a bril liant diadem, and that an ugly womans ugliness (the phrase was very concise) was made more conspicuous by the flash of jew els. Docs it ensue that the court beauties who acceded to the fact intend to do away with their jewels? I think not. At the reunion I speak of. two handsome satin robes were worked with the heraldic bearings of their wearers. I call this very ill taste. That, horsecloths and carriage doors should be emblazoned with such em blems is all the heraldry I can admit of. I can even allow a coronet over one’s initials on a handkerchief, hot that only because it has to be pocketed. One of the robes in question was made of white satinwith a dented train, and the in signia were embroidered on two long scarf ends fringed with gold. Before leaving court news I must say that the Empress wore a light gray satin f mrrean at the Theatre Francais last Tuesday. It was made very low, without any trimming whatever, but a wreath of diamond stars shone above her forehead, and her neck and arms were enclicled with several rows of pearls. Coral Is very fashionable this winter, es pecially pink set in small seed diamonds. As Easter falls late, velvet will be worm till the middle of April. . . The coming spring costumes arc to be made of satin underskirts, velvet over-tumes, either dented, vandyked or scolloped, with tight-fitting caeaqnes, havinglong satin sash ends behind. This in black or the new shade Amarnnlhe (bright claret) are the most ele gant. and can be worn for visiting. Jet is still most heavily worked over the bodies of black dresses and upper part of skirts. Nobs, dice, and pyramids are hang of bead chain work, which set them in per petual motion and produce a little noisy rat tle which is thought to be “ very chic." The lost word recalls a small incident which took flace at a very aristocratic assembly in the aubonrg St. Germain. A youog Duchess whose peifect white shoulders are pro verbial had spent a very pleasant evening at the Italians, when on roll ing home In her- carriage sbe auddonly re mcmheied that she had accepted an invita tion for that very same evening at the Mar quise de P’s., whose residence Is on the other side of the Seine. The coachman was direct ed to turn back, it being no later than mid night, the proper boar for receptions of the kind she attended. It did not occur to her while on the way that the hand breadth of . bodice which graced her at the opera would be considered heretical at stiff Marquise da P’s. It was not until she was announced that a snbdncd whisper and shocked glances reminded her of an almost total absence of drapery round her back. She felt very much that she should like to shelter her neck under the train of her pink reps robe, but poases , eing her presence of mind she went tnrongh l the ordeal of her hostess’ formal reception . with becoming grace, and quietly walked up ' to a jardiniere from which she drew forth half a dozen full blown ruses, with which she flll * ed up vacant spaces and added, new beanty to her faultless proportions. •White bonnets trimmed with gold berries and pearls have already appeared at the Bois. All the Coras, Cesarmes and Cascadettcs wear their hair in long flowing rain down tbelrshooldere. Profuse plaits, tressed with flowers, are adopted by the elite, who are not given tocascading—as yet. Foreign names are given to every thing, and it is as well before purchasing to inquire iuto the origin of au ’ article If it really & required to be genuine. French cashmeres sold in London are sometimes French, but not always; Scotch tartans sold in Paris are sometimes Scotch, but often not. If countries so close to each other practice counterfeits on this scale, how much more must oneifear imposi tion with Indian textures? A real Delhi cashmere shawl, or a real Dclnl imitation c&shmere, arc very different articles. The best way to avoid imposition Is to ask for the Indian mark, and it is willingly shown when possessed. . THE SOOTH. We are Excluded from Totlos by tbe CoLUltollonal Amendment. li-rcm the Atlaora (Ga.) New Era.] It is believed our people do not generally understand who are affected by tbd Constl tnlionol Amendment and excludeb from office, and from the ballot-box by the late bill. , , , The following persons are excluded: 1. All persona who, before the war, were members of Congress, or officers of the United Slates, and ialterwards engaged In the rebellion. . . .. 2. All persons who, prior to tbe war, were executive, legislative or judicial officers ol the State, and took the like oath, and engaged In the rebellion. This embraccs.Governors, members of the Legls’ature and judicial officers, from a Judge of the Supreme Court down to Justice of the Peace, who at any time held office and took the oath and afterwards engaged in the rebellion. ~ Who. (haiy are not excluded f 1. No one is ex cluded because he Held an office under the Confederate Slates from President down, If he docs not fall within one of the excluded I classes above specified. The simple iact I that he was a Confederate Senator or a I Coniedcratc General, or that he took an oath to support the'Constitution of the Confed erate States, does not exclude him. 2. No State or county officer Is excluded on account of his having held the office and I taken the oath and engaged la the rebellion, if he were not an executive, legislative or judicial officer; therefore, neitheralawycr, sheriff, clerk, tax collector, receiver, county 1 treasurer, coroner, surveyor, constable, or I road commissioner is excluded. 3. As no man under twenty-one years of age, when the war began, held any such I office as disqualified, and none of them took the oath to support the Constitution of the United States during the war, and as the I war commenced nearly six years ago, no | man In Georgia, under twenty-seven years of age can be excluded. 1 I 4. Militia officers are not excluded, j 5. The whole mass of our peopl e who fal within none of the excluded c-as es above-I 1 mentioned are frte from the dUquaUjieation, 1 and may vote and hold any office in the I State without regard to the pait they took In the war. Arrrat ami 111-Treatment of an Amcrl* can Citizen In Great Britain* (Washington Correspondence (March 10) of the ItewiorkHerala.l The resolution Introduced in the House last week by Mr. Win. E. Robinson, of Brooklyn, calling on the President for information rela tive to the arrest of American citizens in Great Biitaln. was prompted by the case of Michael O’Brien, who was arrested In Liver pool cn September 22, handcuffed, searched and compelled to wear prison clothes, placed in solitary confinement, grossly insulted in I many ways, and treated as a convict, with -1 out having any trial. O’Brien has sent a statement of his sufferings to Mr. Robinson, enclosing a letter to Charles Francis Adams, onr Minister at the Court of St. James, and the answer ofthc latter. In 0 Brien sappeal to Mr. Adams ho says: I asked permission to communicate with the i United States Consol, and in reply was told by Supcnn endcnt Keo?h that he would lakejaamned cood care 1 would not. AJiee being seaichcd once more 1 was put into a cell in the main Bridewell. 1 look off my coat, placed U under my bead, and tried to sleep on a bench, there be ing no other accommoaaupn. I to cct up several rimes, aud was bronchi oUt V? be pa*d at ny men, and by wom« also. «d asked many questions. J«exi day J was broa ? ht a magistrate, when I was j O S, {£? JUrCsl poßsesSlon of Government anna and other combustible material. I was renande-J for seven days, noiwilbsundl. c mr QI p f cnt ,, re^P e ?^,s o mediate trial. My attorney, Mr. Cobb, told mo if "daJmtd American protection it would injure mv case; but 1 told him 1 would claim U at all hazards. , . O’Brien goes on to explain other wrongs and sufferings, and then continues: I was taken to Klrkuale jail, banrtcofled ; the banocnCs cal my wrU»a ; I was w ua* and cet Into a bath, which I oid. Wboa i cot out of the bath prison clo-hes were and I vaa ordered. to pat them on. j Next were taken away, and 1 was put Into a day I was brought into a com room j, c ij,hi 10 lake oil my clothes; my we^„j f , n d the were taken, at-d my mr general ap naiksonlianda description ibeSi ordered peaiance wnl»cn In a book. and was con -10 p,l on V' U ,°J,a .o ‘c r a6 lhe floor. I.biea ducted to a cell. wiib a icrubbinc brush Ac, twice every mt h a cloth. From tbe ai d dry them day of my tnai, Becetn- Kth of pciobcr nn'U in went abouttwen ber IT, 1 of ihe tue*.ty-four. When ly.tbree toms oa ihe n w court House bdtg conveyed J ub(jr j waf , cba | beQ w a ourg -on-I'rid»y*.*J‘„hiffi ff t 0 thc jstltbe same day. I lor* lo » mnroerer. Ou Monday, the l.ia VrPffmbcr. I was chained to u robber. 0 inStwo trials O’Brien was finally acquit ♦Pd and be made a formal demand through Mr Adams lor remuneration for hw liupns orment and outrageous tieatment. Mr. Adams’ answer to the demand is as follows: I Kni—l have to acknowledge ihe reception of your icticr of the Mlb Inst, and enciosurca relative lo thecase ofNichael O'Brien. The tr*a»mentre- . * cifvcd bj him at ihe banc* oftbe aulßorltlea iaa ‘i ceriatalv bees bar.b, bat I do not fee! «• It it were ‘ proper forme lotateany complaint ol tbi.-khid ta ibe batta of a formal clans for reparation oil ibs ■ JiritUh Gore:ament, salcaa the matter basbant P eriocsly aabnultcd and received toe foil coraid- •' eralioa ouht-Govemmen> »• Cone. Hence it mr bc»c!lfiirMr O'Btlen 10 wntlbiapapers jrnto Jibe like*. wrb rotb resort .• as jou tblm. fltio mane. Jt Is always well to bear In mind ibai ihe»e may bep*r(ie«behind -jßfl bim dcsir> vs to make n«e ot lie case lor oor poses efter tbats tho»e tn-«t appear on the aarfjce. 1 Ibrak 1 bft\o sees nooctr»res of thld In Uubda already. 1 return the flej-oMtiuns. —— It Is expected that ihr matter will come up in tbe Douse to morrow, -md may lead lo . some diplomatic dilEccltW*. jvune mem bers are by do m«9us wtKQt-d with M:. . Adams’ manner of denims; with this and aim- ;•» „ liar cases. _ ;lto Wood J»cww* and Oilier Sfr<w». f¥rom the Detroit Tnoace and Advertiser, Math i’ lil Every hardware dealer in tbc land has tit the tyranny ot tbe American Screw Company i lince'if bought np some years ago the ?a- • none patents employed lit this cooutrv lor ; the mannfactnreof wood screws. Its maxim has been to screw oat oftbe pablic tbe bub* ‘j W cat price for Its screws that its mooopriy jfU rendered it possible for it to obtain. The | ’ Iron Age states that this company, startin'; ; with an original capital of fifty-seven tipu- ■ sand dollars, has increased it to a tnillim. ■ alter making divldcods which it has heard , “ estimated at tbe fabulous amount of w-. millions. Moreover there is a high protjc- r'fi* live duty upon foreign wood screws. In . view of these facts, the following circular, s which has just come to.llghl, is iatcresujg , reading: t<T (Confidential.) . : . New Yobk, March 2D 1W». ** 31 r. ■■ ■: Hayward A. Harvey, la bohal.’ of himself and ihe other heir?, O about to ajplj to ' jvJ Congress lor a exten.-tou of two , '• patents wbich were issued fn 18-iG to hip filler, a3 °* Geoeral Tbotnas W. Harvey, for bis Isvcniloi of pis screw machinery. 7 a The lot enter expended a fortune la developing machinery for making screws, ana died p<or. J leaving a wife, one son and two daughters. tad ani neither of them have received, orudi- , rectly, one dollar it) behalf of General Earviy t Invtniions. These inventions have been or great on« pnblic benefit, aca certain parties ba»e become t wealthy under the monopoly of their use. tVre- lore Ibelr extension for the benefit of the heirs w onld be an act of simple justice, V f«4i The object ol tms letter is to request you, personal taver. to wnte anasend to me by early mail a letter or introduction to Hayward A. hir- • vey, to your Kepieseoiative In Congress', or gich ether members of both Houses from oioer <is-*n. olets a* yon msy be able to Imlatnce, vocchfag.,|j as far aa your confidence in me will permit, tonne • truthfulness of this statement, and requesting tnn ?# t or thf m to not only vole for the cx'ciiSloo. bui to‘ .; use all Infinence to forward the measure. . TotF* ; hete myattvTQnc* rial ih*]iastoye of f.\is till tlllr c vrcmoie your inftretf as a itocinold'r In flu Con tlrn.tal. Cii* Buvp. H The author of this circular was,iititsdale,* c “ allQ, **o (iiiniiß,, io still, ricoiilctlt uTlllC^Tl Continental Screw Company, of New Jersey, vj Id Tiew of the fact that the a-slgnor of tbe«,e patent sought to be renewed covenanted ‘ that he would assign all extensions lliertol/V* to the American Screw Company, the can* 001 duct of the sympathetic Bliven would •)c ns * difficult to account tor, were it Dot for concluding sentence of his circular, which troth have Italicized. The interval of stockholders' in the Continental could only be by an arrangement between that company j ' and the American Screw Company by wh ; cr*l both companies could share in the which the latter company has heretofore an»t| joyed alone. roi if It were true lhat the heirs of TV. Harrey were in needy circumstances. a;,j ilr. Bliven asserts, their ca:e would com‘“ •. mend itself much more strongly to the cor*** poratlon which baa acquired cnormua o * wealth from their father’s Invention, that ; to the public which baa paid millions t* ■ that corporation. But a writer in the NewC lork Pott states that Hayward A. Harveyjl the needy son of General Harvey, Invented the machinery of the Continental Company • for which he received $325,000, SIOO,OOO l” money, and $225,000 in the stock of the com ; pany. ol which he is the head and front. Tviil Congress grant an extension of thae wood-screw monopoly? We think not. tc A DwellliiK Dome Broken Open am, a Sacked by Buyn. fFrom the Detroit Tribune uil Advertiser, *•« March 12.] - . Yesterday afternoon five boys whose age ; range from 11 to 15 years were arrested b I Detective Sullivan for having been engage** In a burglary and larceny at the house of Mtt George A. Wilcox, on the corner oi ' avenue aud Russell street. q On Friday morning Mr. Wilcox left tow . to be absent for several days, and his family having previously gone away, he fastened his house. The live boys having ascertained that no one was intbehouse, eetdeliberalels at work to enterit and obta n what pluniuj ' they could. To effect an entrance they wee *• - into the lot, which is surrounded onaj sides by a high, tight board fence, an. at once proceeded to work by pal; ing off the iron wire from one of the ceih. .... windows. This being done a pane of gls* ■ was taken out and one of their nutuao entered the cellar.. Ho then unbolted cellar dcor and thus all were admUtee Their further entrance was prevented for* - ’ lime on account of the door leading iro. ' the cellar being fastened. They thensta, cn the stairway and kicked off snfflcieot Ur ~ and plaster to admit the body of one of th 2» »; Into a room on the first floor, and he u; i £ getting Inside nnluatencd the door. Tl < young criminals were now inside the hoi £ and at liberty to roam through and raoatt * every room, which they did pretty effectu •/ ly. After having gained adiuiitai* o.' to the house. they gathered tT gether and took away only a fcv* articles, among them two revolver?, and !r£. their work to be proceeded with on the lowing day, should Ihtir burglary in • meantime uot be discovered. On Salurh ’ and Sunday, and also on yesterday moruii - they again entered the house and atmu themselves by going through everyth* - they could find. They broke open evr trunk, box, drawer and bookcase m house ; lock out their contents ami scatter them promiscuously over the floors ol I vaiions rooms in which they found thi carrying away such os they mostvalu •• The plnnderers were evidently In mcney, aid guve the house u thorough ot hauling to obtain it. The house yesterday presented a scent Irdcscribable confusion. The floors of t narlors were covered with matches, cm., era, papers, hooks, etc.; the seats of one twosuta-bottoiu chairs were being cr.t across with knives; a beautl costly French wine set were broken, i - Bt-mc ot its decanters and classes sto... while ethers were scattered ab *nt the ro> The secretary In tbc 11bn»T of Mr. Wit was badiy damaged by the youthful mis: unts in endeavoring to break open the da crs. which they succeeded in doing. » scattered Us contents over the floor ; sev» canc-stal chairs in a bedroom weredcstnj by the scats being cut- Destruction see to have been the ruli&e spirit of the yet s burglars, after tncy had completed a ion the house. Franco ana ibe United s!&(<% The following is a translation of the ji of tbe annual exposition of the conditio tbe French Empire, presented by lhe_ i ernment to the Senate and Corps Legisj relating to the United S'.ates and Me:i In the United States the work ol constitute reconstruction contnmes. France sincere!) pianos tbe wonderful activity wttn which ».jeal nation is repairing mo calamities oft war. In the condition of the telaiions wbicb: between the dcerer.t countries of the globe snlfermts which arc produced at one pool neccaeanly fell stall others. Wehaveesneriu the »hock of the events which did in tbe Union, aid wc are profltlrg by revival ot to industrial and Commercial eacr. No subject of dhaereement exists at lots rnent between tbe two countries. On the irary, everything is fOLtribnting more and to brimr them nearer to each other in their p* His Majesty has jecclved, on a recent oeva the assurance of sentiments ol friendship y i\ere txpre* ged to him in tho name of tbe I' Stales, and which correspond perlectlv will feelings. We lake p.casnrc in auguring five as to the fhttue relations of the two.Governa in respect to the dllTercut questions on v . their interests may be found to coincide. Wc not recur at Ibis time to the necessity v caused to undertake the expedition to Me We sought redress for grievances of every de lion, and for the ucnial ol justice from wide people bad suffered r or many years, and anir by that generous stnliment which will a induce Fiarce to retder Lsr Interv-nlion > wherever she shall be led to canybei arm did not refuse to unite in an attemptatre lion by which all interesis would nave pa' bntmlenoing Us co-operation to tin- >»o Government of the Emperor had assigned b hand a limit to its sacrifices, and the Empire fixed the tnd of tho present y ar as Ibo ex term of our military occupation. The « vaci was tc have been made If three ddacbmsct flr-t leaving in the mci-th of November. IS! second in March, and the third In November Tneee arrangements, conformable to oar o* vioas intentions, had been made in lh- Incss of onr liberty of scaup, acd an. which had partaken of the nalm external pressnie could only have placed ns positron, in spite of cnrecivcs, ol proloci slate of things which wo wished to abridge sons arising out of onr military situation mmed the Emperor to modify the first ac ment by enbetiurUng lor a partial evacn ' succeeding periods of time iheslmnlfaneoas porlaliuc Lome of our whole corpe cTsr«i'< eprltgofibe present year. These mcasni now in course of execution. In the me March next onr troops will bare left Mexico from desiring to free Itself from engag which it has contracted on Its own account. It has pnblicly announced, the Government Emperor will hasten their tnlfilmcuL Tbe Suffrage Question in m«so The debate ou the suffrage question Missouri House of Representatives on the evening of the tiib instant, arte ing shown considerable difference of o in regard to the form of amendme be submitted to the people, were two propositions bciorc. House, one being a bill a passed by the Senate, and the other in substance tbe majority report fro: House committee ou tbe subject. i* mer giants Impartial suffrage only, the provides forstriking.outlbu word whit tbe State Constitution wherever U t When the debate bad terminated, the the roll on the passage of tbe bu» menced, but as it appeared to t*.e fru the measure that It would fail to re constitutional majority, owing to t setice of a number of its supporters, si was resorted to, and after a bard s . adjournment was effected in ihe luma, call. By this action, under a ru viously adopted, which made the con tion of the question the special, or everv ni"ht at 7 o'clock, the snojcct UD again on the following ev Water decided that it was m order ■ume the roll call, the House taking subject at tbe point where it was left rrerlons cvetlEg, and several memx bad been absent on the previous c asked permission to vote. Tbe prlvfit granted, and the constitutional majo: juvor ol tbe passage of the bill was It was, however, not without tbeexei of much bitterness of opposition that suit was obtained. IHc Teum-*»ee Legißlattirc-iV Ban Aecompllyttn-d. A Nashville paper says the Tenets islature, tin ring Us session *of a‘.>.< months, lias heroically performed labors. These are: The ratification Amendment to the Federal ConsiituU ever abolishing and forbidding slaver* Union; the Colored Testimony Bi Civil Rights BUI; the great Railroad priation BUI; the Metropolitan Polw the East Tennessee Northern B Bill; the Loyal Suffrage Bill; the chiseznent of nearly 50,000 colored the Universal Free School Bill; tbe ’• t>cn of the second Constitutional ment after a two weeks* struggle « President; the expulsion ot the bolt* tbe House; and the Loyal Jury Bill.