Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, March 15, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated March 15, 1867 Page 2
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Chicago tribune. DAILY, TEMYEEKLY ASD WEEKLY. OFFICE, No. 31 CEAttK-HT. There ere three edition* oi tue tsibiw* icoed. ft. Twy xaornins. far circulation by earner*, newsmen •M the malls. S 4. TbeTsi*'W’* ttl,T « Monday*. Wed* sadays end Friday*, for tbs anil* only; aad the Wzxklt, on Thnrsday*. for the aalU and tala at our BOnoter and br newnren. Terms of the Chicago Tribune: "i>- < ( jg "VfeV.V.V Tieilr. tomall«ob«rlbcr* <pct ansno., pays* bleln adraace) la.OO TW.tTeetly.ri** aasmn, payable to adra&re) 6.00 TTeekly. (per assam, payable 1c advance) a,OO fjr Fractional part* ol T&e year at tbe same rate*. %r Person* remitting and. ordering fire or more copies of either the Irt-WedKy or Weekly edition*, may retain ten per cent nf the subscription price as a eommlwion. * j<otjcx to bcbscetbies.— in oroemg t&e address of your paper* changed, to nrercot delay, be sure sod what edition yon take—weekly, Trl-tVeckly. or Daily. Also. glTeyaurpwagtNTandfatnre address t&“ Money, by Draft, Exprem. Honey orders, or in BeelrteredLettera. maybeßentatoorriak. Address, TRIBUNE CO- Chicago. 11l FRIDAY, MARCH 15, 1807. TFHEN OUGHT THE NATIONAL DEBT BE PAID. There is a class of persons who are con tinually seeking to make the country feverish upon*the subject of the public debt; tbes: persons, of the 41 H. G.” description, clamor against any reduction of taxes, and Insist upon the payment of the National debt by the most rapid process. Is it advisable os a matter of economy to commence now to pay the debt by direct taxation through largr annual Instalments? We do not think it Is; and for this reason that to force a payment at this time •will be an oppression for which there is no necessity and no justification; and because the postponement of that pay ment for a quarter of a century will not work any injury to the holders of that debt, but wIU be a positive relief to the pre*ent generation, and no additional burden to the next. The value of the property of the United States, and the population, arc both of rapid increase. Tne population of the United States doubles every twenty-three years, and the aggregate value of the property of the country doubles In less than half that time. Thus, the value of property in the United Slates In 1850, excluding the slaves, was $0,100,000,000. In 1860, it had increased to $34,163,000,000. In 1870, it may be estimated at $28,000,000,000, aud in 18S0, thirteen years hence, it will be $50,000,000,000. The popu lation of the United States in 1800 was 31,000,000. In 1600 it was 30,000,000, in 3SIO it may be safely estimated at 42,000,000, and in 1800 at 72,000,000. The property of the United States at that time will have a value of $112,000,000,000. The present debt of the United States is, in round numbers, $2,530,000,000. The pres ent needs of the Government to pay the In terest ou the debt, and the ordinary es pouses of the Government, require $295,000,000 annually; and the present reve nue, collected by direct and indirect taxa tion, will average $400,000,000 annually, "With these frets and figures before us, the question arises whether it Is the best policy to extort this debt of twenty-fire hundred millions of dollars from tbirty-six millions of people, owning twenty thousand millions of propeily, and who lor sis years have been taxed to tbc utmost limit of endurance, or postpone that payment until, with a popula tion of seventy-two millions and a properly of one hundred and twelve thousand mil lions of dollars, the debt will have become comparatively a very insignificant burden. Isit not better to give some relief to the present generation who for six years have borne the brunt of war and taxation, and whose industry and capital arc now neces sary to renew our commerce, to construct additional avenues for trade, and span the Continent with lines of railway connecting the oceans ? The present generation have paid an immense proportion of the war debt. They have paid their hundreds of millions for a number of years, and propose now to pay tbc interest on the remainder of that debt until such time as the country with in creased population, augmented wealth and recuperated and relnvigoralcd industry, pro duction and commerce shall be able without injury or oppression, to take up and dis charge its debt. It should be borne in mind that the National debt is not 1 the only one arising from the war which has to he paid. There arc State debts, and county debts, town debts and mu nicipal debts, contracted in aid of the war, and which have all to he paid from the taxes collected by local authority from the people. If In addition to these debts the people of the present day pay the interest on the Na tional debt, and sapport and maintain the expenses ol the Government, will they not be discharging all that ought to be reasona bly expected of them? Tne National wealth, as we have shown, israpidly increasing. The security for the National debt is rapidly ac cumulating, and there Is no reason to ques tion the ability of the Government, within a short time, to reduce the entire debt to one standard, represented by long bonds b cuing five per cent interest. With the certainty that at the maturity of these bonds the pop ulation of the country will be seventy-two or file millions, and the National wealth have a value of one hundred and twelve thousand millions of dollars, the United States can safely estimate that a twenty year loan at five per cent will not be long seek ing purchasers. In the meantime, if this was the declared policy of the country, the present taxes could be materially reduced. The revenue now is one hundred and more millions in excess of tbc requirements to pay the Inter est and defray the ordinary expenses of the Government. This sum is just so much un necessarily taken annually from the sub stance of the people, and so much withdrawn from their means of recovery from the extraordinary demands of the lost six years. That sum, if lelt in the hands of the people, would be of more productive value to the country, and could be employed with great er general profit to the cation than can be realized from the retirement ot that amount of the public debt. Tax-payers are met at every turn by demands for taxes. If the payment of the National debt be postponed— If the oppressive crushing operation of ex torting that debt, principal and Interest, from the present generation be abandoned, then the necessity for on annual revenue beyond the actual wants of the Government will not exist, and the taxation by the General Gov ernment can be reduced to tbc gum actually seeded. The IPX on a countless number of articles might be abolished, and tbc revenue of the Government could be confined to a limited number of sources. This tax could be fixed. The rate of taxation upon the particular sources of revenue could be then fixed aud made permanent, aud the ordinary regular increase in property and wealth would of itself make the debt insignificant in a short time. For instance, If the value of property in the United States in IS7O, three years hence, be twenty-cigbt thousand millions of dollars, and the actual needs of the Government re quire an annual revenue of two hundred and ninety-five million* of dollars, the rate of taxation necessary in 1570 to produce that amount of revenue, if left undisturbed, would produce twice that sum in 1830, when the value of that property will have increased to fifly-gix thousand millions of dolla-e, and in Ifclib will he still magnified when collected from a pjoperty valued at one hundred and twelve thousand millions of dollars. Starting then in 1807, with a rate of taxation reduced to that sum sufficient merely to produce the revenue required annually to pay the Interest and the ordinary expenses of the Government, which is now two hun dred and ninety-five millions of dollars, there would be, ten years hence, owing to the natural increase of the wealth and properly of the country, an annual revenue of five hundred and ninety millions of dollars, and tec years later, an annual revenue of eleven hundred and eighty millions of dollars, au increase that would of itself overcome and exceed the entire National debt. With this future before us, we must Insist that the pol icy of working np taxation to the highest possible petal, and of cramping and restrain ing ibe already sorely tried industry and energy of the present generation by herculean efforts to pay off the debt now, even U it take the last loaf from the table. Is not wise, Is not just, Is not statesmanlike. If we were like the old nations of Europe, at our maturity ; If we bad no right to look for ward to a rapid increase both of our wealth and of our population; if, in short, we were at a stand still, and as well off now as we 1 could ever expect to be, then there might be , some excuse for commencing the wont that was only to be accomplished by a regular exaction of a given sum from a capital that could never be increased. Our fathers, at the close of thcßevolutlon ary war, fell the necessity of building up a National credit. The public debt was be fore. them. They estimated that the three millions who had carried the country through the war, giving their uttermost dollar .to prceci ve theNalional existence, would not suffer in the judgment of posterity, if they continued to support the Government and pay the interest, leaving to the five, and eight and ten millions of population of later days to pay the principal. Not a dollar was paid on that debt until after 1800 ; it finally got merged in the debt of the war of 1312, and that debt was not paid until the last days of Jackson’s administration, twenty two or twenty-four years later. No Government upon earth ever undertook to pay a dost of the magnitude of ours without giving the nation breathingrime in which to recover the vigor aud the health prostrated by the demands of aloag and expensive war. Twenty-five years hence, ■when the popu lation will have reached seventy-five mil lions, when our National •weatih will have been more than quadrupled, the people will think nothing less of us for postponing the payment of the debt, and derating oar en ergies and oar capital to the development ot the country, and to the expansion of Its com' merce and its productive industry. THE FlVfa PISTKICT COHUAND- It US. Althongh It was announced fomo days since, that General Grant had made a very satisfactory selection of commanders for the lire military districts into -which the rebel South Las been divided by the new Recon struction Law, tbc report was contradicted; and more or less fear has been entertained that the President would not consent to the appointment of officers so faithful as the men named in the despa’ch. The official order naming Schofield, Sickles, Thomas, Ord and Sheridan to these high commands, removes a grave popular apprehension, and Is eminently satisfactory to the country. It Is unnecessary to inq uirehow much personal an imosity ibe President wos compelled to over look in confirming this list, or by what means he was brought to do so commendable an act. The people, at least until better in formed, will believe that the selection is owing to the firmness and patriotism of Gen eral Grant and Secretary Stanton. At all events,it has been made and officially promul gated, and tbc nation has reason to rejoice in It as a pledge that the Reconstruction Law •will be faithfully carried ont. •9 39 3.39 The First District, consisting of the State of Virginia, is placed tinder com mand of Major General J. M. Schofield, with headquarters at Richmond. The General is already in command there, and has been for several months past. He was sent to relieve General Terry, (a noble officer), and it was generally understood that the change was doe to the radicalism of Gen eral Terry and the conservatism of General Schofield.., There is probably no doubt that at that time the latter officer favored the reconstruction “policy” of the President. He believed that the Southerners had accept ed the situation In good faith, and that no further guarantees of the national peace were necessary. But his experience in Rich mond and Virginia has entirely changed his views. In place of the good will and loyalty which he sincerely believed to prevail, he found the spirit of rebellion and malignant hatred of the Gov ernment and people of the North. From a “Conservative” the conduct of the ex rebcls changed the General to a “Radical.” We do not make this statement without most excellent authority ; and we believe it will he found that no one of the five com manders will enter upon his duties with a firmer determination to administer the law iu letter and spirit, than the commander of Virginia. Far from being an exception to the general rule, the result of General Schofield’s expe rience in Virginia is true of nearly every ofli cerwho has served in that State. “ There is nolh'iJg like service in the Freedmcn’a Bureau,” writes a highly intelligent officer from Richmond to a gen tleman in this city, “to bring a man out from the lowest depths of con servatism to the light of radicalism. I know of no officer who has been ou duty here with in the last year, who, if he came here a con servative, has not been converted by the at titude and conductor the rebels. And this remark will also apply to officers of the icgular army, not connected with the Bureau, who have been on duty in Virginia. My opinion is that the old politics of the army i-t thoroughly revolutionized.” He then refers to the change wrought in the views ofGeneral Schofield, and adds ; “ The reason is that General Schofield Is a clear-headed and hon est-hearted man, on whom truth makes the proper impression.” The Second District, composed of the two Carolina*, is placed under the control of their present commander. General D. E. Sickles. At the outbreak of the war, General Sickles wasamongthe first to respond to the call of his country. He raised a brigade in New York,and distinguished himselfin the service. He JostalcgatGeftysburg. Although a lead ing Democratic politician before the war, he has ever since been closely identified with the loyal party of the nation, and was a he- Jiever in negro soldiers, in the Emancipation Proclamation and iu universal suffrage, when till those measures were very unpopular in the army. Of his ability and his fidelity to the cause there is no question, and the country has reason to he glad that he has been assigned to this important command. Under bis administration and the new power with which be is clothed, the North Carolina whipping-posts will cease to disgrace the civilization ot the age. The Third District, comprising Georgia, Florida and Alabama, is placed under com mand of one of the bravest and truest offi cers of the army, General G. H. Thomas. His political opinions are no secret, fie is, and has been throughout, a firm and un flinching friend of the policy of Con gress. in the discharge of his duties in Tennessee and Kentucky, he has never failed to give the weight of his power and influence on the side of the loyal men. He bas been their steadfast friend iu all their trials, and has given them all the en couragement and assistance within the nar row limits of his power. The people may rest assured that wherever General Thomas wieldspower.it will alwoys be on the aide of loyalty, and the faithful execution of the law. The Fourth District, Mississippi and Ar kansas, is to be commanded by General E. O. C. Ord, a brave and failbfal officer, who distinguished himself in several important battles during the rebellion. We can uot speak as positively in regard to his political views, as wc have spoken In the case Of the other Genetals; but be is a true soldier and will do bis duty. We do not think there is any danger that such men will seek to betray the Union population of the South, or the cause of the country to the jebcls. General Sheridan’s name appears as the Commander of the Fifth District, Louisiana and Texas, with headquarters at New Or leans. It is probable that with the excep tion of General Thomas, none of tbe live nominations were more distasteful to the President than this. Its announce ment will be hailed with joy by every Union man in his District, white and black, and will sound os a dcath-knellto the hopes of Mayor Monroe and the gang of Thugs, cut-throats and murderers, who have controlled New Orleans ever since Andrew Johnson surrendered to the rebels. In fact, the appointment ofGeneral Sheridan to this command is a complete triumph over the Monroe gang, and was a virtual admission, ou the part of the President, that tbc massa- cre of July was what he [Sheridan], and not what he [Johnson], represented it to be; ih»t it was, in fact, a savage butchery, delib erately planned by the State and city author ities, and not a riot occasioned by the con duct of tho Union population. General shcridan needs no commendation from us. flis record is among the proudest of the many proud ones won by tbe soldiers of the Union. In his new capacity, or, rather, in exercising the new authority conferred upon him by Congress, he will be true to the same flag he bore so triumphantly through the Shenandoah Valley, forever made historical by his victories. OCI2AN XELfiGBAPII. A Cable despatch states that the Atlantic Telegraph Company hare concluded not to reduce thc-Ir enormous charges for telegrams. This will be a great disappointment to the American commercial public. Tho existing tolls are two dollars and fifty cents per word In gold—a rate perfectly extortionate and unwise, as tbc sequel will prove. The messages now offered to the Telegraph Cable do not occupy the wires on the average more than one hour per day. The tolls are so excessive that busi ness men cannot afford to employ the wires except in rare instances. Tbe Ameri can press Is tbe largest customer, and It is only by distributing the cost among three, hundred daily papers that the excessive charges can be borne. The slock boards of New York get brief commercial quotations, and a few of the heaviest Importers occa sionally send despatches to their European agents acd correspondents. The Cable Com pany could reduce their rates to one-tenth of present tolls, and have double their present receipts, for with such a reduction the wires would have all the work they could do, in stead of being wholly idle for twenty-three out of every twenty-four hours. The policy of the company is to obtain the largest pos sible amount for the very smallest service. By a continuance of this blind and selfish policy they will render themselves intolera bly odious and hateful to the business pub lic both of America and Europe, and create a necessity for breaking up a monopoly which converts what ought to be an inter national blessing into an unmitigated nui sance. A recent letter from a large stockholder, I'etcr Cooper, Esq., of New York, to the Tribune of that city, shows that the working of both cables is go perfect, and*the rapidity of transmission so great, that no possible pretext exists for a continuance ol existing extortionate charges. It costs as much to send a short business despatch through the cable as it does to cross the Atlantic in a first-class steamer. We take the following extract from Mr. Cooper’s letter: “It is now more than thirteen years since an ocean telegraph was engeested and Its work he »-un by myseii and associates. Undeterred by re peated failures, the proprietors continued to per severe, and, after an cspendilarc of over «ti OUI.OOO, successfully laid t'-.o cables, through both oi which the electric current Is transmitted > ith a rapidity and despatch limited only by the canatlty ol the human eye 10 follow the signals and ol unman lingers to manipulate the Instm m«nts. Instead or bcingdestroyed, the cable la proves with a<»e, and now, after debt months of corstant use. it has been shown that a battery, held by a single muster cap, Is sufficient to trans mit the electric spark from end to cud. “Instead of the transmission being slow, these two cables have been shown capable of transmit' Ung tw'nty (im.e the butinttt now offered and do nr, and will donbiies- be sufficient to transmit all Inal may offer for years to come. The 'Atlan tic Compaiiv,* (myself and associates, who began and persevered in the work) have, as yet, receiv ed no dividends on our stock.” It is very strange that Mr. Cooper docs not perceive the reason why he has received no dividends. It is in consequence of prohibitory charges that only ontJwentMh ot the business is olfcrcd which the cables are capable of doing. If he and bis ass - elates would reduce their charges to fifty cents a word, they would have ten mes a es offered v> here there Is now one. Until tbe tries arc placed within the reach of the commercial public, the wires will continue to be idle twenty-three hours per day. 53T" The Peoria Transcript says: “Every newspaper publisher In the country knows that print paper d«v» not How Into the couctiy as bmkiy under the present tariff as it did six ycais ago; and wo insist that what is true of one article of manufacture la likely to be true cl others, notwithstanding the rnißUNE'a ‘‘unde* niable fact” that after each Increase of tantl*. makers and sellers of home products put up do mestic goods to correspond with the tanSl” The present duty on imported paper is twenty per cent. Six years ago the duly was twenty-five per cent. When the Morrill tariff was passed a number of leading publishers pulled -together, and succeeded in getting five per cent struck off. If print paper don’t flow into the country as briskly under a 20 os under a 25 per cent tariff, as the Transcript alleges, would it not be wise to reduce the impost to 15 or 10 per cent., and thereby stop the ‘‘flow” altogether? However that may be, one thing is very certain, that the ruling price of domestic paper forthe last four years Los been the same as tbc importer’s price. Once the price fell in consequence of some quarrel among Eastern paper makers. But the dispute was speedily adjusted, and the price was put a shade above that which it would cost publishers to import paper and pay the duty and nil other charges. When auy publisher imports a lot of paper the domestic makers drop their prices just enough to deter others from importing. If the duty were fifty per cent instead of twen ty, tbc price of print would bo twenty-five cents a pound in the west, instead of seven teen or eighteen. We are very sorry that those journals which are brawling for “more tariff” cannot be accommodated with a fifty or sixty per cent tariff on print— just long enough to cure them of the strange hallucination, that American industry is benefited by an increase of taxation. ST* The Washington correspondent of the Worcester (Mass.) Spy, alluding to tbc Military Reconstruction Bill, in speaking of the politics of the army officers, says ; “Grant, who was formerly a Democrat, Is not now a man of warm political feelings, ami may be set down as a Conservative Re publican.” General Grant was formerly a “ Whig ” —not a “ Democrat.” Ho comes of Whig stock. But disliking Fremont, os nearly all West Pointers did. Grant voted for Buchanan In 1850 ; but he supported Lincoln in iB6O, and has acted with the Republican party ever since, so far as bo has taken any part in politics. At present ho is a decided Republican, and it' supporting the Congres sional plau of reconstruction, which em braces equal political rights and universal suffrages, makes a man a Radical, then ho is one. It would be pretty difficult to distin guish General Grant’s political sentimeata from those entertained by Radical Republi cans, or to name any line of policy which they advocate that bo opposes. We submit llm it if absurd'to say tbat American manufacturers will not, under a high tariff, so nnJcrecli foreign goods as to drive (Be latter out of the market.— Peoria Transcript. Very well, then why don’t they drive them out ? The present tariff averages al most three time * as high ns the tariff of 1857, and nearly twice as high as the Clay tariff of 1842. The importations of 1860, under the low twenty per cent tariff of 1857, amounted to $362,160,254. The importations of 1800, under the Morrill high tariff, which averaged fifty per cent on dutiable articles, were $437,638,900, or seventy-five millions heavier importations under a fitly than under a twenty per cent tariff. This Is “ undersell ing foreign goods and driving them out of the market,” with a vengeance. llow much higher, at this rate of “ driving out,” must the tariff be made, to sweep the market dear of the last “blasted furriner?” C2T* The Whittle, for example, can better afford to pay SBO per ton lor Iron if made in this coun try, by workmen who buy and read mainly Amer ican ncwepapere. than to obtain it for fCO from Europe, where the iron-makers buy nothing of ns. acd, in fact, arc generally too poor to bay news papers at all.— A'eto York Tribune. How much do the paper manufacturers of Belgium buy from the New York Tribune t and why docs It patronize them and thereby break down the price of domestic paper? Why don’t the Tribune pay the home paper maker twenty cents a pound rather than scud off to Europe for whole cargoes of the cheaper products of “pauper” labor? Wo dislike this thing of looking one way and rowing another, as tbc philosopher of the New York Tribune is doing. George C. Bates, Governor of Idalio. A Springfield correspondent of the Times has tbc following iu regard to tbc proposed Governor of Idaho, George C. Bates, Esq., of this city; “ T here is a difference of opinion among tbc Re publican party Journals with regard to the ap pointment of Eon. George C. Bates, of your etty, as Governor of the Teirllory of Idaho. While the Journal, ot your city, unqualifiedly endorses, the S'afe Journal, of Una efiy, as unqualifiedly condemns him. It appears that when too Presi dent began his removals from office, some time since. Bales came to this city and made a “big” political speech. Be told the boys that be was going to Washington; tbat he would knock at the door of the White Bouse; tnat it would be opened onto nim; and that ho would have tbc then Republican office-holders swept out. as a good housewife would sweep down cob webs with her broom, and soldier boys put lu their places. Bates kept his word; and among the first men swept out was Hon. D. L. Phl’llns, editor ot the Stale Journal, of this city, andtae Iheo United Slates Marshal—the latter one of the very fattest offices in tie Male, with unlimited cnocces for speculation lu cotton. Phillips went into the oftlcu a poor, but perhaps honest, Baptist clergyman without u parish, a sort of backwoods missionary In parllbus injldehum. Be came out of it a rich man, with large investments in stocks, lauds and newspapers; and with, a man sion and grounds, a mile or two irom this city, which might have satisfied tho cul tivated taste of a Dumas or an Eatcrhazy. In olsce of Phil lips, tho President appointed Colonel Join I.ogan, nude of General John A.Logan. The Springfield Jounal therefore calls for ino rejec tion of Bates by tho Senate, on account of his speech in this city in favor ol removing barnacles like Phillips from office, and appointing soldiers in their place. Thu Tribune, ot your city, on tho other band, calls tor the confiimatlon of Bates. This Is also quite natural. It pretera lobe Ihc organ of Oglesby and tbe G. A. R., and Bates made his speech iu this city in the interest of that faction ol the party.” [When did the Chicago Tbibune call for the confirmation of Bates? What issue of the paper contains said “call?” We ask for information. The President can send In the name of whom be pleases, to the Senate, and the latter can reject his nominees If they don’t please the Senate. A man who has made the sacrifice of reputation, principle, friends, that that Bates has in the service of A. J., has good claims on his master for some recognition or compensation therefor. Johnson is in honor and duty hound to ap point Bates, but the Senate is under no obli gation to confirm the appointment, and cer tainly tho Tribune has not advised that it be done.] AnOntragcouM Bill. A bill of the most infamous character was smuggled through the Legislature at its late session in one of the “omnibuses.” It is a regular black-mail swindling scheme. We take it for granted that Governor Oglesby has not signed lt. 4 The following Is a synop sis of it. It is entitled “An act Incorporat ing the Firemen’s Benevolent (?) Association of Springfield.” The most important sec tions of this act provide as follows: “Section four allows the Aerociation to loan money on money, goods or things, et tbc rato of 10 per cent. ••sec. 5. In any action or salt prosecuted by the company a slockhoicer shall be a competent witness. “Sec. C. Every foreign Insurance company do ing business or having an ngem in Springfield shad pay to tbe company two dollars per hundred upon all prtmlnmß issued by !L “Sec. 1. Evcryagcntofforeignintnrsncccom panics most given bond In Ibcuenal sum of SI, OOO to tec Association, conditioned tbat be will annu- render to the Treasurer, on the Ist or Janu ary. an account, verified on oath, of ail premiums received during the year preceding by nun or for him by any other person; and that be wilt pay $2 per bneored on tho amount of premiums so re ceived by him. “Section eight provides that, forcach offence in not famishing bond as above, and in not paying tbcpcicen'ncc as above, each agent shall be fined to the penal sum of jf.OoO, which shall be collect ed for tbe benefit of the Society. •• Section nine provides for a fine of SSOO in case any agent of a foreign insurance company fails, within ten days after bis removal from one part of the city to a- other, to notify the Treasurer of the Association of tbc same, the fine to be appropri ated to tbe dec of the Association.” TTlio Russian Telegraph Abandoned. At a meeting of the Directors of the West ern Union Telegraph Company last week, It was decided, that in view of the successful working of the Atlantic cable, it Is not ad visable to expend any more money on the Russian extension at present. The distance across the Russian territory yet to be com pleted is about 3,000 miles. The Supremo Court of Illinois. Brm.NGEiELD, lb., March 19. To the Editor oftbc Chicago Tribune: I herewith send you a copy of tho recent act of the General Assembly, changing the times of holding tbe Supreme Court in the First and Third Grand Divisions, which will be of general interest to the legal profession. The nest April term will be held as here tofore, at Ottawa, commencing on the first Tuesday of that month, as fixed by the act ofFcbmary 16, 1805. Then in September next a term will also be held at Ottawa under the act of the last session. So that this year there will be two terms of the Supreme Court held In the Third Grand Division, at Ottawa. N. L. Freeman, An act fis'ng the terms of tbe Supreme Court In the First and Third Grand Divisions. Section i. That after the next April term of the Supremo Court, to Le hold In the Tmrd Grand Division at Ottawa, a# now provided by law, the subsequent terms ot the said Court shall be began and held at Ottawa on the second Tuesday in September of each and every year, and continued as now provided by law. Sec. S. Tbe said Court for the first Grand Di vvies shall hereafter be began and held at Mt. Vernon, on the first Tuesday in Juqq of each and every year, and continued as now provided by la?. Bec. S. All processes which may have been, or shall be issued from the Supremo Conn in the First Grand Division, and made returnable to toe Novemi cr Icnn shall be taken and held to be re turnable to the Jane term, as established by this ac*. Sec. 4. This act' (o take effect and be In force fam and after its passage. GERMANY. Important Political Events in Austria* Hungary Eeleased from Impsrial Despotism i Bejoicings at the Magyar Capital. The Carnival Season at Vienna— Mr. Motley’s Hesitation— Proscription of Beards. Tlie Organic law of ’ the Norlh Berman Confederation. The Federal Council and National Assembly, AUSTRIA. A Serlcßof Important Political Evcate— c The Imperial Government Awed into SnbmltKloD to the Popular Demands— The Dawu of Promino for Austria— Hungary Relented from the Clutches of Despotism—BrJolclngM at the iTlag yar Capital—Xlie New ministry— Terms of the Compromise-The Car nival Season! In Vienna—Mr. ITlot lcy*>« Resignation—A Proscription of Beards, [Special Coircspondcncc of tho Chicago Tribanc.] Vienna, Austria, February 21. The progress of events in Austria, of late, is wonderfully fust. For once the traditional sluggishness of that body politic seems to have given way to a truly astonishing pro gressive activity. One important develop ment follows the other with extraordinary rapidity. The work of reconstruction seems to he pushed along with the greatest energy. The rulers of the Empire are evidently de termined to leave nothing untried to bring It to a successful conclusion at the earliest pos rible time. There has been, indeed, such a rapid succession of important incidents in the denouement of the prevailing crisis within the last few days, that the chroniclers' of current events flud it difficult to keep up with their rapid and voluminous flow. During the latter part of lost week the public of this Capital, no less than that oftbc Empii e at large was in a state of feverish ex- pcctaticn. It was known that the new programme of the Government, as to the political future of the western portion of the Empire, would bo laid before the Provincial Assemblies that were to meet In nil the pro vincial capitals on the day before yesterday. It was also generally understood, that, at the same time, a rescript would be addressed to the Hungarian Diet, formally granting all the expressed wishes of that body as to the suspension of the offensive Imperial decree for the reorganization oMbe army; there establishment of Hungarian autonomy by the appointment of a separate administration and the full restoration of the old Constltu- Lion. Though the newspapers foreshadowed [ho nature of the concessions to the dale- than Provinces as well as of the rescript for Hungary, very fully and correctly, the public remained uneasy from eager anticipation, until last Monday brought the realization of their predictions and proved the reconcilia tion of the Government with Hungary and the revival of constitutional life on this side ol the Leitba to be accomplished facts. In accordance with the decree of convoca tion, all the Provincial Assemblies were opened at noon on Monday, by the Cover' nors of the Provinces, on beualf of the Em peror, As soon as they were organized, the same officials read to them an identical com munication from the Imperial Ministry, setting forth In detail the reasons for the resolve of the Government to revoke the decree of January ad, as well as the nature of the programme adopted for the constltu* tlonal reorganization or the monarchy. The ministerial communication is entitled to the credit of great Ingenuity la giving the best possible appearance to the moat abso lute backing down of the Imperial Govern ment, nndcr the pressure of public opinion, since the revolutionary days of 18«. The remarkable emanation, which gives credit able evidence of the proficiency of Us’autbor, Baron Benst, In diplomatic special pleadlug. Is, however, nothing less than a formal con fession that the Government found Itself wrong, and too weak to Insist, as It regularly did in • former days, upon Its wrong, in spitd of the protests of the public. That tbe document, which was printed in all the evening papers ou Monday produced, by its confirmation of the most sanguine popular expectations, the greatest rejoicing here and In all German Austria, can be imagined. The constitutional party has really achieved more than it had Immediately worked for. Besides the prevention of tbe extraordinary Kieebsrath, it has secured the resurrection of the regular constitutional Legislature of the Empire, and moreover tbe submission to it of the subject of military reorganization, the most important Issue next to the constitu tional question. But the joy of the Ger mans Is.as usually, the chagrin of the Slavish elements. . At exactly Ihe same hour at which the Governors read to the Assemblies of tho Western Provinces the Imperial words of promise, the Hungarian Diet iistcuud to the reading of an imperial rescript convoying to that body the lormal confirmation of tho intelligence, which had already been known in ihellungarlan Capital for ten days, and swelled the hearts oi the Magyars with the wildest delight, viz: that the King had granted the earnest prayers of the legislative organ of the nation by appointing a separate Ministry for the Kingdom, with the organl zation of which he had charged Count An* dressy; byrestoring the old .Constitution, as modified in IW3, in all its parts, and stay ing the execution of the decree for the re organization of the army until it could bo revised by the Diet. The recepttou oi the rescript by the House of Denudes is thus described by the correspondent of the Avw Free Frtu ; ‘•From an early hoar Ibis moraine Ibe streets of Feetb bore vvidcnco of the deep and Joyous com motion produced among tbc Hungarian people by the important change In their national pros pect, which was to be consummated to-day. Great crowds ct excited people thronged them nil forenoon. In front of thuilonee of Deputies thousands of people, representing all clones of society, bad assembled long before eleven o'clock, the boar for the opening of the session. “Every available space Ini the galleries of the Bouse was occupied by a vatt audience shortly alter ten o’clock. On the floor the Deputies ap peared in full numbers, gathered In, groups, and engaged in eager discussion of tho great event of the day. When they took their eeaU, after the President had given the sum for the opening of the session, with Ills bell, it appeared that there bud never been a more numeroas attendance on the door. After the reading of tho Journal, tho Qncstor of the House (Sergeani-at-Arraa) ap peared, conducting tho messenger of tbc House of Magnates to the President’s desk, to whom be delivered, in accordance wan old usage, the Im perial rescript, for communication to the House. The PreeldcLt at once broke ibo seal and banded the rescript to the Heading Clerk. When tbc Tat ter n-schtd the passage announcing tbc etnyhig of tbc decree for the reorganization of the army, the first •• eljcn *’ (the Hungarian cheer), burst out on the side of the Peak party. The announcement of the appointment of a Hungarian Ministry was re ceived with three rousing “ cljcns." In which the galleries Joined. When the name of Count An drasey, a-Minister President, was read, the whole Peak party, and a portion of tho Radicals, rose from their seals, waved their hats and cheered tremendously, in conjunction with tbc galleries. Alter that, almost every senteuce was greeted with “eljcnP." A mighty outbreak of enthusiasm was caused by tho passage m which the King reminds the Magyars 01 the glorious example of their fore fathers in self-sacrificing devotion to their legiti mate monarchy, ana expressed Ihe hope that, like them, they will prove a stout support to the throne and the Empire. “Soitshall be.’’ It sounded both from the floor and galleries, amidst tumultuous cheers and waring of hats end handkerchiefs by the younger and the shedding of tears of emotion by the older portion of the andlcnce. At the con clusion of the reading, a round of no less than ten *• cljcns" filled tho hall with a tremendous uproar for several minutes.” A motion was then offered, and unani mously carried, to send a denotation of twenty-nine Magnates and Deputies to Vicuna, to convey to the King the thanks ol the Diet for the concessions made. After it was disposed of, Count Andrassy rose and la a brief speech announced his resolution to serve his country In the position of Minister President, which be had accepted only after its positive declension by Deak. with the utmost faithfulness and to the best of his ability. When the members left the build ing, after the adjournment, they were greet ed outside by the cheers of an immense mul titude of people that bad been unable to gain admittance. - During the day the Hugarian Capital was decked with national flags. In the evening tho city was brilliantly illuminated ami va rious popular demonstrations took place. The students and citizens at large got up a grand loich-Ught procession In honor of Deak and Ac dressy, both of whom were called out at their residences, and spoke to twenty, five thousand people. Tomorrow an address of thanks is to be presented to ihe former by tbc municipal authorities and a monster deputation of citizens of the Capi tal. The Hungarian Ministry will consist, as of old, nine porle/euiffcx, viz: of a Minister President; of Ministers of Finance, Interior, War, Public Instruction, Justice and Com merce ; of a Postmaster. General; andofa Minister, 'Who is to act as organ of tile whole Ministry, near the verson of the Emperor. Tiie Minister President, whose 101 l title (I hope you will be able to pronounce it) is “Count Julius Andraasy, of Csik-Szentkir algl and Krasznahcrka, is the bead of one of the oldest noble Magyar families. In the days of Kossuth he represented the Hun garian Republic at Constantinople. After the failure of the war of Independence he became an esiio until 1800, when the Em peror granted him a full pardon, after re ceiving which he returned to Hungary aud resumed at once his former part of political leader. He Is a man of Croat native capacity, and enthusiastically devoted to the interests of his native country. His relations to Dcak are of the most intimate character. Michael Loupay, another well-known poli tical leader, President of the largest hanking Institution in the country, and Vice-Presi dent of the Hungarian Academy of Arts aud Sciences, is to be Minister of Finance. The portffetiilh of the Interior Department is to be given to Baron Bela Weoknelm, one of the leading members of the House of Magnates, anointlmate friendofDeak, who suggested him for the place. The War Department is to be provisionally presided over by the Minister President- Baron Eotoos, a writer of poetry and- prosa. of considerable fume, and at the same time a very practical mind, Is to be Minister of Public Instruction. The htad of the Department of Justice is to be Balthasar Herootn, one of the Oral law yers of Hungary, anda member of the House oi Deputies. He has played a prominent part in public life since IS4S, when ho. was already a member of the Lower House. He is considered one of the best speakers of the lat ter. CounlMrko,a Transylvanian Magnate,and distinguished member of the Upper House. Is to be Minister General. Gorove, the Post master General, owes his place to his ardent devotion to Dcak. The Minister near the person of the Em peror Is to be Count Festetlcs, an Influential, and highly respected Magnate, at present President of the Central Agricultural Society of Bungary. _ The draft of the compromise between Hun gary and the Imperial Government, elabor ated in the Special Committee of Sixty-seven, baa now lound Its way Into print. Tac fol lowing arc its principal features : Of the public aflairs of Hungary, only the regulation of the political relations of the Kingdom to foreign nations and of army matters is to be in common with the other parts of the Empix e. But though the milita ry forces ot the Kingdom arc to fermapart of the army .of the Empireat large, Hungary reserves the right ol fixing the number of re cruits to be contributed from year to year, the time of service, the pay, food and amount of clothing, as well as of controlling the distribution ol troops In permanent gar risons In time of peace. The finances of Hun gary are to be separate and distinct from those of the rest of the Empire, but the expenditures lor the Interest recognized as common will be shared by the Kingdom. In the mutter of taxation, Hungary will In sist upon the exclusion of all control other than that exercised by her own separate ad ministration. The Hungarian Diet is to have the exclusive right of fixing the taxes, upon the propositions of the Hungarian Ministry, which is authorized to collect and dispose of the public revenues. In the matter of easterns and other duties the Diet is willing to come to an understanding with the other parts ofthe Empire on the basis of recipicclty. While it does not recognize an a priori community of commercial interests between Hungary and the latter, it will be at all times willing to enter upon treaties of commerce with all the diffeient Austrian countries. As to the public debt, Hungary, though not in clnty bound to do so, is ready voluntarily to assume her share of it. But the Diet declares solemnly and emphatically that hereafter it will not admit its liability for any addition to the general debt ol ihc Empire, contracted without Us formal con cent. For the regulation 01 the relations of Hungary to the rest of the Empire, the Diet proposes to elect a body ol sixty delegates, for co-operation with a like number of rep resentatives of the legislative organs ofthe Western Provinces; the two delegations to be elected from year to year, to meet alter nately at Pesth and Vienna, to deliberate separately, and to communicate with each otner In writing, each Jit its own language. The main duty of the delegations Is to be the fixing of the yearly budget for the public alfairs in common between the two parts of the Empire. They are to have a legislative initiative. Any Delegate can impeach a Minster. • The sessions of the delegations are to be public. When they cannot separately agree upon a measure, they arc to meet together, but only for the purpose of voting upon the points of differ ence. Hungary wishes no other legislative • representation in common with the rest ot the Empire. Common Ministers will be ac cepted only for common alfairs. They are to be responsible to the Diet for their admin istrative acts, and not to be permitted to ex ercise any authority beyond the administra tion of the common affairs. In conclusion the ptouosed compromise makes the dUtluct reservation, that no part of the Committee’s proposition be considered binding, unless the Hungarian Constitution be first restored in Its original entirety aud constitutional iulc re-established in the Western portion of the Empire. Vier.na is now in the midst of the enjoy ment of the Carnival season, during which the pleasure-loving Viennese indulge in more dissipation than the people of any other con tinental capital, not even Paris excepted. The number of public aud private bulls given here at this time is almost incredible. I have seen as many os eighteen public mask ed bails announced in a single Issue of the favorite local advertising medium. Vienna has a great number of very large public halls, which enable immense crowds to participate in distractions of this kind. I know of a half dozen places In which thousands In dulge night after night in the wildest revelry. No more passionate dancers than the Viennese exist on the face of the globe, and no finer dancing music is furnished anywhere than at these public balls. Tbc demi-monde is relatively as largely represented hero as In Paris—a fact which hardly adds to the re spectability of this clat-s of public amuse ments. In private society there has been like wise a good deal of gaiety, notwithstanding the usual winter festivities at the Imperial Court have not taken place in view ofthe calamities that lately bcfel the Empire. Nearly all of the highest nobility of the Empire is in the habit of spending the winter in Vienna, and throwing open their magnificent palaces for the entertainment of their class with the utmost liberality. The aristocracy of no country in the world pos sesses such enormous wealth as the higher Austrian nobility. 1 could name a score of Dukes, Princes and Counts whoso annual revenues amount to millions, and dozens of all ranks, who count their incomes bv the hundreds ol thousands. Whatever distinction there may be in extending tbc most prodigal hospital ity, thy 1 certainly enjoy in the highest de gree. you simple republicans can lorm no idea of the splendor of tbc receptions, soi rees. the dunsants and balls at the fashiona ble noble houses. Our Minister is a great favorite with tbc aristocracy, aud ho aud his family arc invited everywhere* He bus him -60l 1 given four splendid entertainments since the tirst of January, to each of which several hundred invitations were issued. Members oi the Imperial famllv, in addition to the flower of tne nobility, were among the regu lar frequenters of his “salons.” Whether he, us the representative of the North American Republic, has reason to be particularly proud oi his social success in the mentioned spheres I leave your readers to judge. The spicy correspondence between Mr. Motley end the Secretary ot State has just been printed in all the leading papers of this city. Unfortunately they all picked up the same bungl* d translation first published in the papers of Western Germany, which does not at all do jnsticc to Mr. Motley’s pointed reply to Seward’s disgraceful attempt to ar raign him on the strength of the denuncia tions ol a contemptible tale-bearer. The press here, without exception, compliment ed the former on the manly rebuke admiols tered to his superior, while expressing re gret ut his resignation. 1 have,reason to be lieve that similar feelings animate the col leagues of Mr. Motley, who will all be very sorry to part with the gcuial American. X trust the Senate will not approve of his dis placement by the gawky, uncouth Pennsyl vania representative ol political flunkeyism. i The tobacco-spitting boor would certainly be a poor substitute for the lino specimen of the true American gentleman now filling the ' place, if the former should be sent to Vi enna alter all, I would advise the Senate to r make an especial appropriation for American spittoons lor bis oentfil, for he will not find such convenient articles here, and it would certainly be a pity to have the inlaid | floors ol the Embassy spoiled by him. i In conclusion I have to report another re- I markable reform la Austria. Heretofore neither officers nor soldiers in the Austrian army have been permitted to let their beards grow according to their individual liking. Officers could wear only moustehes or mous taches and sldc-wbiskcrs, or moustaches or . goatees. Non-commissioned officers nod pri vates were only permitted to wear mous taches. A general order just Issued gives the last named class more latitude iu the culture of the hirsute crops on their faces. They are to be allowed to raise side-whiskers from the dale of the order—another significant concession to the “spirit of the age.” which as a faithful chronicler I cannot omit to re cord. A few weeks ago the application ol corporal punishment, to which, until then, non-commissioned officers and privates were almost as regularly and frcelv treated as to their rarions, was abolished. Ob, no, for such decided progress Austria Is not ripe— but ordered to be confined to such offences as thieving, desertion and resistance to supe riors. pan aaiA. The Organic Law oftbu North German Confederation—A Synopsis of fts Pro visions—The Federal Connell and Na tional Assembly —An Outrageous Usurpation, [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] Bebun, Prussia, February 15). The anxiety of the public to learn the re sult of the deliberations of the Plenipoten tiaries of the Confederated Governments, that have been engaged here for two months In concocting the organic law of the new Federation, has been intense all winter throughout Germany. But Count Bis mark showed little disposition to gratify it, aud seemed determined, on the contrary, not to raise the impenetrable veil of secrecy that has until now shrouded the doings of the Plenipotentiaries, until after the meet ing ofParliamcnt, now definitely convoked by royal decree on the 24th inst. The indis cretion of someone In Mccklcnbnrg, howev er, did not permit him to enjoy the satisfac tion of tormenting the public until that time. The Correspondent, published at Schwerin, day before yesterday printed the proposed Federal Constitution, as agreed upon by the Convention, In full. The papers here eager ly seized upon this precious document, and reproduced it yesterday. I subjoin a synop sis of the main provisions: The document begins witha solemn declar ation of the objects of the Federal pact, “concluded for all times to come,” ana an enumeration of the sovereign parties to it, consisting ol two Kings, live Grand Dukes, five Dukes, seven Princes and tho three free cities of Hamburg, Bremen aud Lubcck. In the Constitution proper, the first provision relates to the status of the citizens of the several States. It declares that they shall enjoy absolute equality of civil rights with in the limits of the Confederacy. Next, the extent of the Federal authority is fixed. It is to be absolute upon the subject of moneys, both coin and paper,of weights and measures, In regard to banking, patents for useful in ventions and copyrights for intellectual pro ductions ; the regulation of foreign com merce and diplomatic and consular repre sentation ; the control of internal means of communication, snch os canals, rivers, rail and pest roads, and telegraphs, as well as relative to the execution of judmeota. requi sitions for the surrender of criminals, the devising and enforcement ol a common code of commercial laws, and the regulation of rights of domicil, trade, and emigration. The legislative Federal Authority is to he exercised conjointly by the Federal Council and the National Assembly (Rlechstag), tho concurrence of both houses being necessary for the euaclment of laws. The Ibrmcr is to consist of representatives of the Govern ments composing the Federation, appointed by them. Prussia is to have seventeen votes in it; Saxony four; Mecklcuberg-Schwcrin, two; and each of the other States one vote. The Presidency of the Council is to be the prerogative of the King of Prussia, who is authorized to repre sent the Confederacy internationally; to de ' clarc war and conclude peace, and form alliances and treaties with foreign Powers in its came. He is also authorized and required to convoke both the Federal Council and National Assembly once a year, and to pro ceed against recusant members of the Fed eration, which can be punished to the ex tent of being deprived of their sovereign rights. The National Assembly Is to be elected by direct vote every three years. It has the right ol initiating legislative meas ures. It can be dissolved during its legal existence only by virtue of a*ina)ority vote ofthe Connell, approved by the President. The members of the National Assemb’y are representatives of the people as a whole, and not bound to obey the Instructions of their immediate constituencies. No person hold irg office under the Government of any of the States is eligible to the Assembly. The members arc not to receive any compensa tion for their services They cannot bo held accountable in any way for their votes or words spoke in debate. A Federal navy is to be organized, which is to be under tbc sole command ofthe King of Prussia- The necessary appropriation tor it are to be made by tbe legislative branch ofthe Federal authority. The commercial marine of all the Federal States la to be con

aldcrcd as a national one, and to be subject to Federal authority. Its flag is to be black, white and red. The Federararmy i£ to be uniformly organized in accordance with tbe Prussian system. Every North Germau is liable to military service, for seven years In the standing army aud five years In tbe re serve. In time of peace the strength ol tbe Federal army Is to be not above the rate of one ner cent of the population of the Confederacy, which latter is to be ascertained by census every ten years. The King of Prussia is Cotuman der-m-Chief of all the military forces of the Confederacy, and as such has the supreme control over their organization, command and disposal. He has also the right of con firmation in all appointments of officers above the. rank of Colonel. He is likewise authorized to fix the permanent garrisons and direct the construction of fortresses. All the Federal troops are to swear alle giance to him as Federal Comtnander-in- Chief. The several States of the Federation have to provide the means for the support of the Federal army by contributing annually two hundred and twenty-five thalers for each man of their respective contingents actually serving with the colors under the orders of the Commander-In-Chief, who is to control the expenditure of the money contributed. A day or two hclorc the election, the North German Gazelle, the recognized organ of Count Bismark, made a much noticed re mark la reply to the assertion of a Liberal paper, that the people need not be much couceerned as to the character of the Federal Constitution, hatched out by the twenty-two Plenipotentiaries, inasmuch as the Parlia ment would hare the lost say in the matter. It rejoined encerlngly that the Parliament, instead of being allowed to tinker the Fed eral pact agreed upon by the several Gov ernments, would find that all it could do would be “to take or let alone” that instru ment. The character ofthe Constitution, as shown above, illustrates the meaning of this indirect announcement of the determination, on the part of the Prussian Government and its princely confederates, not to permit the National Assembly either to modify, amend or reject tbe organic law devised between them, but to let that body simply ratify it in its present form, if it chooses to do so, and il it should rclusc to ratify, to enforce it notwithstanding the non-ratification. I have no lime to-day for extended com ments upon the main features of this extra ordinary production. But 1 am satisfied that it will be universally denounced by the Liberals as an outrageous cheat upou the people. Under its provisions, tbc National Assembly will be but a shadow of a legisla tive body, shorn of the most csential pow ers. The article relating to the support of the Federal army by Federal contributions, by fixing in advance tbc military budget ofthe Coulcderacy for an indefinite period of time, will deprive It of the most precious privi lege of a legislative organ of the people, and ol the most effective means of checking tbc abuse of monarchical power, viz: the right to control the use of tbc public money. Under this monstrous usurpation the King ol Prussia will be absolutely independent of the National Assembly, and be able, by vir tue of his unchecked control of the military • resources oi the Confederacy, to shape his policy within and without tbe Confederacy much more arbitrarily, according to his liking, than ever before. Again, the provi sion requiringtheconcurrcnce ofthe Council and Assembly for the enactment of laws cannot fall to result In the grievous disap pointment of those who hoped for an en largement of the liberties of the people hy tbe Federal Parliament. Tbe fact that the Governments of tbc States appoint the mem bers of the Council, will surely make that body an insuperable obstacle to all political progress. I expect to recur to this subject in my next. lam confident that I shall have to record In it a general outcry of indignation against tbe conspiracy for the consolidation of monarchical power in Germany, which this to-culled Constutution {lucus a non lu evido) in reality is. Trichina;. The Janesville (IVis.) Gazette has the fol lowing : A few days since Mr. William Booth, ofMagnolla, was taken very sudden ly eizk after eating pork; and finding that the symptoms of his disease were similar to those described In an article in tbc Ga zette on this disorder, bo brought a portion of the meat to Dr. Harvey, or this city, for microscopic examination. Mr. Booth gives the following Interesting history of the case: In June last he bought a sick swine of a drover. At tbe time of tbc purchase the hog was emaciated and paralytic—unable to walk without staggering and frequently tailing down. By active treatment, how ever, be soon recovered, aud fattened readily and well. He butchered tbc hog, and ate of the meat on the following day. Two days afterward he was attacked with severe ab dominal pains, followed by copious and bloody stools, and other symptoms charac teristic of this disease, which continued sev eral days. On examination ol the pork, trichina! were fonnd very numerous, both en cysted and free. Thus it appears from many examinations made In this city, that trich ina; have been found only in pork from hogs Known to have been diseased previous to fattening. PERSONAL ITEMS. Gustave Dore’s hard-worked muse is next to be set at “The Faerie Queen,” ond after that there is a threat of “Suukspcarc.” Tbe frigate Galatea, under tbc command ol bis Royal Highness the Duke of Edin burgh, lias left Plymouth to make the voy age round the world. It will be absent two years. Herr Dobm, editor of tbe Kladdcradatsch (the Prussian I'unch), has been sentenced to tight days’ Imprisonment for ridiculing the doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church In his paper. Congressman Bingham declines to be a candidate for Governor of Ohio. General J. W. Singleton has just received a canc that was stolen from him eighteen years ago. The Alton Tclgraph gays that Senator Met* calf, of Madison, and Representatives Yeager, of Madison, and Alexander, of . Bond, while in Springfield, during the session of the Leg islature, purchased a very valuable lot of land, located near the site of the contem plated new Stale Moose, as a speculation. We hope tho fact that these gentlemen were the ardent and indefatigable champions oi the new State House swindle, will not induce over scrupulous people to suggest that their support was influenced by interested mo tives. Alfred "Wild has realized tho handsome sum of $050,000 fiom the sale of his interest in the Harmony Mills, at Cohoes. When Mr. Wild first became connected with the Har mony Company, it was In the capacity of clerk, at SOO per month. He Is now worth over $2,000,000. The Varis Patric contains a most mysteri ous anecdote. Young married woman, rich, elegant, lovely, on the point oi death, to her husband: “1 must confess something. You’ll be astonished that I have proved un faithful.” To which the following reply ; “Not more astonished than you will bo to hear that I Knew It, ami for this reason poisoned you.” Not even English annals can surpass these cases of French snobbishness: Baron The naid announced, while giving a- chemical lecture before Charles X., “ These gases arc going to have the honor to combine before your Mgjesty.” A courtier lost a son ;to console him Louis XIV. grunted him some favor; whereupon a friend, another courtier, wrote; “Tho Ihvors.. accorded you by the King show mo that His Majesty Is worthy of -the service of all the earth. It is'only near him that a parent can find some pleasure (quclque douceur) in losing his children.” The Janesville Gazette publishes the pecu niary results of the lecture season in that city under the auspices of the Young Men’s Association, The following lecturers did not pay expenses: Rev. Mr. Mllburn (tho blind preacher), Horace Greeley, G. W. Bungay, Theodore Tilton ond Ralph Waldo Emerson. The largest loss was on Tilton—s2o. The paying lecturers were Anna Dickinson, P. T. Barnnm, Rev. Mr. Thompson (a homo lec turer), Wendell Phillips, John B. Gongh. The largest amount of profit was on Gough’s lecture—sl7s; the next largest, on,Wendell Phillips. Mr. Stanislas Julian, the first Chinese scholar In Europe, and memberof the French Institute, has hcon dccoratcdby the Emperor of Russia w ilh the insignia of the grand cross of the order of St. Stanislas. Mayor Norcross, of Boston, save a grand, reception at his residence on Wednesday last, at which over a thousand of notables of the first political and social orders were present. Rev. Jabez W, Swan, a well-known and highly respected revival preacher, has be come deranged at his residence In Now Lon don, Connecticut, in consequence of excess ive labor. The Amesbnry TOToffcrcontradlctsa rumor that Whittier, the poet. Is about to follow the example of Senator Sumner and take a wife. The story Is at least an Improvement upon that which was started on one occasion when he was a candidate for Congress that ho was an unkind husband, and treated his wife badly I Princess Margaret of Parma, a niece of the Comte dc Chainbord, was married tho other duyot Frobsdorf to the infant Don Carlos, eldest ton of Don Juan, the legitimate pre tender to the throne of Spain. ijlio prohibition Question la IQassa< ebiuetu. The latest evidence taken by the Massa chusetts legislative Committee on Prohibi tion Is of a remarkable character. The fol lowing Is asnmmary, Including the testimony of Professor Agassiz: Bishop Eastburn testified to the Increase of intemperance, but did not believe In total abstinence as a universal principle, Bcv. Dr. Lambert, of Charlestown, be lieved the prohibitory law was contrary to the genius of our institutions. Rev- Dr. Ellis, of Charlestown, deemed all effqrW to coerce men In matters of private babit made them more determined to con tinue tbc practices which were assailed. Rev. Dr. Neale, of Boston, was in favor of tbe greatest possible restrictions on the sale of liquor. Rev. Dr. Worccsler thought a coercive law was impracticalc. He raid bs knew noth ing, in the Old or New Testament which counselled prohibitory lcgislatlon, andhedld not think It was in harmony with the Gospel. Rev. Dr. Putnam #f Hoxbury, believed that there was more moderate drinking at the present time than twenty or twenty-flve years ago. He thought a prohibitory law could not succeed, as men who wished for liquor would have It, and It were better to have a law to restrain the traffic and restrict the evil. Rev. Joseph Tracy, of Beverly, said that : the form of effort ior temperance In 1526 and 1527 was tbe most efficient which had been employed. He did not think a prohibitory law was a bar to moral agencies, but that it formed an excuse for a neglect of tbe use of such agencies. Professor Agassiz said •be hailed with joy tbe efforts to cultivate grapes In this coun try, as he considered such cultivation one of tbc best means of making a tcraperance population; he thought if the cultiva tion was more general there wonld be no need for a prohibitory law. He stated that temperance societies bad assisted In import ing pure wines into Norway, and that In that countrv and in Denmark and Sweden, in temperance had been greatly checked by tbe Introduction of snch wines and ferment ed liquors—especially beer. He expressed amazement at the interference of our Gov ernment with the modes of living of the peo ple. He had no doubt that onr facilities — especially in Ohio, Missouri and California— were as favorable for wine growers as those of Europe, and that the pursuit might be come a profitable part of our agriculture aud commerce. HORRIBLE MURDER. A Woman Brutally murdered In Kings ton, aiarquelte County, Wisconsin. [From tbe Milwaukee Sentinel. March 11] On Thursday evening last, a widow, named McCulloch, living a few miles south of Kingston, in Marquette County, was brutally murdered. From our informant we learn that the deceased was continually at variance with one or wore of her tenants, and during the the day of the night on whicli she was murdered, had been to Kingston to consult an attorney as to the propriety of having one of her tenants ar rested on a charge of stealing some turkeys from her. The lawyer advised her to aban don the idea, and go home. It seems that the deceased had told her tenant—onr in formant forgets his name— lu the morn ing, that she was going to Kingston for the purpose above stated. • Mrs. McCulloch re turned home in the evening, and, alter sup per, thinking that she was likely to take cold, having got her feet wet in walking through the enow, had a tub of hot water placed near her, and while sitting with her feet in it, some person crept tip to the win dow immediately behind her, and dis charged a gun. The charge struck the back of her head and passed completely through the skull, scattering the brains aoont the floor. Mrs. McCulloch had seven children, all living with her, and six of these had gone to bed. Tbe one that remained up was so frightened that she ran Into an inner room, and, on returning after her fright was partly over, found her mother still in the chair, quite dead. The news was conveyed to the neighbors, who, on turning out, fonnd tracks leading to and trom tbe honsc, and the marks of a gun muzzle here and there in the snow. The tracks led to a house where the tenant lived about whom Mrs. McCul loch had tried to complain, and, when measured, were found to compare with, his boots, and the other tracks were found to compare with the shoes of the tenant’s wife. A gun was fonnd at her house the muzzle of which compared exactly with the marks in the enow. The gun had been very recent ly dhcharged. The mao was arrested, and on the examination undertook to prove an ahhi, and rje are informed, the justice, before whom the examination was held was about to discharge tbc accused, when the people assembled stated that if bo was discharged they wonld bang him at once ; thereupon he was committed lor trial. Such arc the facts os detailed by onr Informant. ■We pass no opinion on the guilt or inno cence ofthe accused. Of one thing there can be no donht, that a most coid-blooded, pre meditated murder has been committed. XbeFccsof Justice* and Constables In Illinois. The following is a copy of the new law establishing the fees of Justices and Consta bles in Illinois, approved February 38th, 1607 : Section 1. That the fees of Justices of the Peace oml Constables of this State shall hereafter be as follows, for the services herein mentioned, o-wlt: justices’ fees or ciuauffAi. cases. For taking each complaint lit writing under oalb, tbirty-flve cents ; ior taking the examina tion of tbe accused and the testimony of wit nesses In cases cf felony and lelnrnmg tbe same to tbc Circuit Coart, for every one hundred words, flDecn cents; for each warrant, tbirty-flve cents; taking recognizance and returning tbe some, seventy-five cents: ior cacb snbpmna, tbirty-flve cents : admlristcnog each oatb, ten cents; for cacb jnry warrant, in trials of assault and bat tery, inlrty-five cents; fur entering verdict of jorv, fifteen cents; for each order or Judgment thereon, thirty-five cents; for each mitumos. tliiny-flve cents; for each cxcbnUon, tbirty-flve cent-; for entering each appeal, thirty-five cents; for transcript of Judgment and proceedings in cases of appeal, one dollar. justices’ fees is emt gases. For each warrant, summons. or subpcaui, twen ty-five cents; lot each continuance, fifteen cents; administering an oatb, ten cents; issuing cfafimus to take depositions, thirty-five cents; taking each deposition when required, lor overy 100 words, twenty ’cents; cmcrlig lodgment, thirty-five cents; baaing execution, tbirty-flve cents; enter ing sccnrily on docket, thirty-five cents; scire facias to be served on security, thirty-five cents; notification to each referee, thirty-five cents; en tering the award of referees, fifty cents; entering the appeal from Justice’s judgment, thirty-five cents; lor cacb transcript of toe Judgment and proceedings before the Justice on appeal, thirty five cents; issuing process ot attachment and tak ing bond and security, Jl; entering Judgment on (hesame,thirty-five cents; docketing cacb amt, twenty-five ten's; taking tbe acknowledgment or proof of a deed or other instrument in writing, thirty-five cents; for each precept on forcible entry and detainer, sixty-five cents; for each jury warrant, thirty-fire cents; for cacb marriage cer emony performed, two dollars; for each certifi cate thereof, twenty five cents; for taking ac knowledgment of chattel mortgage and entering the same on docket, thirty-five rents. CONbTABUCd TEES IN CIVIL CASES. Serving and returning warrant, summons, thir ty-five cents; ecrvlng and returning subpceoa, ffltcencents; serving and returning execution, 73 cents ; fldvenislne proper'y for sale, forlv cents; atundiDß tnal before justice in each Jury case, forty cents ; serving jury warrant in each cose, forty cents ; serving Jury warrant in each case, eevuity-Cvc cents, ami mileage five cents each wayforjuror accepted; eacn day’s attend ance on the Circuit Couh when required, to bo paid out ot the county treasury. $2.5L1; mileage, when serving a warrant, summons, or subpeena, to and from the residence of deteadaator witness, to tho office of the justice, five cents per mile each way. CONST An LIB’ TEES IN CBOUNAL CASES. For serving a warrant on each person named (herein, thirty-five cents; serving each subpxna, fifteen cents; taking each person to jail wuen committed, thirty-five cents; for summoning a Jury in case of assault and battery, seventy-five cents; mileage, when serving a warrant or sub . ianOy five cents per mile each way; mileage, in aking a prisoner to jail, ten cents per mile, from the Justice's office to the Jail. r-Eo. s. This act shall take effect and be in force from and alter its passage. Approved February 23,16G7. Holders or Tax Certificates to Talce Oat Heeds or Lom Ihelr Claims. An important act of the late session of our Legislature, just signed by the Governor, has the above title. It provides that— “In all cases of sales for taxos or assessments, whether made for city, State, connty, or any other purpose, or under and In furtherance of any law of tee State, heretofore, now or Hereafter to be In force, unices the holders or owners of certificates of each safes, the time for redemption from which sales bos not expired, shall, within twelve months trom and after the passage of this law, take oot the deed or deeds contemplated by the law to be Issued in pannancc thereof, each certificates shall be absolutely null, and shall thereafter constitute no basis of title, and shall cease to be a cloud on the title to the property to which such certificates rc!er.” And also, “that unless herealler holders or owners of such certifi cates, the time for redemption from which has not expired, and of all such sales hereafter to bo made, shall, within six months from and after the time at which such privileges of redemption shall expire, take oat the deed or deeds so as hereinbe fore stated to be contemplated, the sold certifi cates, and (be sales on which they are based, shall, trom and alter the expiration or six months, he absolutely null, and shall constitute no basis of title, and shad ceaao to be a clond on the title to the property to which each certificates refer.” A Law In Relation to Harried Women, The following is an official copy of an act passed at the recent session ot our Legisla ture in relation to married women, os ap proved by the Governor; ** Section 1. Be it enacted by the people of the Stare of JUinolt, represented in the General As sembly, That married women who, without their fault, now live, or hereafter may live, separate and apart from their husbands, may have their remedy in equity, in their own names respectively, against their said husbands, for a reasonable support and maintenance while they so live, or have so lived separate and apart; and, In deter mining the amount to bo allowed, the Conn shall have reference to the condition of the parties iu life, and the circumstances of respective cases; and the Court may grant allowance to enable the wle to prosecute her Bull, as in case of divorce. “bEo. 8. Proceedings under this act may bo in- Ftitnlcrt in the connty where cither the husband or (be wife resides; and the wife shall not be re quired to give security for costs In any snch pro ceeding. “ Szc. S. This act shall take effect from and after Its passage. 1 ’ Fay of members of Use Legislature, It is alleged that each member of the Leg islature at its late session drew the followin' wages for his fifty-three days’ service : Per Diem, 53 days $35 Postace . 75 Newspapers, avenge. 150 Stationery 50 Appropriation 200 Geological reports, two volumes, at $lO cacti, ten copies 500 Bent of committee-rooms, on an average to each committee of f 100, avenge 45 Mileage, average 400 miles 40 Committee Tecs, S3O lor each member of Sen* ate and House Committees on Penitentiary*, State Institutions and Industrial University, whole amount SI,BOO, average 16 Penknives 5 Total. The amount, divided by fifty-three, the number of days of the session, gives an aver age of a little over $10.50 to each member, which is certainly a very fair per diem, even in these days of inflation. The Tax on Distilled Spirits. The Commissioner of Internal Revenue has issued the following order concerning the tax on distilled spirits : ■WAsnwoxotf, March 0.1867. Sib: The recent act of Congress provides that whenever distorted spirits shall be sold or offered for sale at a less price than the tax imposed by law thereon, such selling or offering lor sale shall be iokeu and deemed prima facia evidence that said spirits were not removed from hooded ware* bouses according to law, and that the tax has not been paid, and too same shall without furlner cviaccco-bc held liable to seizure and forfeiture. Information has been received at this office that, notwithstanding this law. spirits ore Ireely offered in the Kew VorK market at (be tax less 3U to 26 per cent discount. This la obviously an evasion ol the law, and all ihe *plrll3 sold in ttus manner arc liable to seizure and foiMtnre. Prompt measures mnst be taken to enforce this provision ot the law. E. A. EoiXihs, Commissioner, ENGLAND. Intrigues on the Reform Ques- tion. Dissensions Among tho Tories and Liberals. The Troubles In Ireland. Delates in Parliament—The Irish Peasantry and the Fenians— John Bright's Position. minister Motley’s Resignation. [Special Correspondence of the Üblcizo Tribune.! Mascuxstsu, Ed?„ February 23. INTRIGUES ON THE BEFORU QUESTION There is still nothing talked of, nothing written about, worth speaking of—north, south, east and west of this realm of Britain —but the Reform difficulty; and difficulty It is to Ministers and Opposition alike. We weic promised a meeting of Liberal mem bers at Mr. Gladstone’s private residence for last Thursday; but as the Government, not withstanding repeated interrogatories, had managed to keep its secrets undivulged dur ing tho week, thereby leaving its oppo nents without information; and more over, Inasmuch os Lord Derby had summoned bis supporters to a special interview next Monday, the Opposi tion cbiefi have thought it advisable to post pone their caucus until next Tuesday. There ore far more important reasons than mere policy, or tact, for this postponement. The Government of Lord Derby is allowed on all hands to be in a most shaky condition; the resolutions introduced by Mr. Disraeli have damaged the party almost beyond re demption, and the whole country is crying out for the House of Commons to put a stop to the prevailing uncertainty hy a vote of want of confidence In her Majesty’s present advisers. But then supervenes the ques; tlon, “What after?” Mine illcc laehrymu, or, as the “divine Williams” pntleth it, “Aye! there’s the mb!” The country hag had enough of Earl Rus sell as Premier, and seems to have deter mined that the Queen must not send for him again, Bat, then, who is to be the leader of the Liberal party; in other words, Earl Der by’s successor? If long public services, brilliant genius, prestige, and the voice of the country were taken as the criterion, Mr. Gladstone would be first, and all the rest 'nowhere; but that statesman has become the belt noire of the aristocracy, and our ar istocracy govern the Empire. We are, in fine, up to our eyelids in intrigues; and the difficulty now dividing the Liberals into two camps may, possibly, prove the salvation of the present Ministry. The Whigs of noble lineage, and the not less high-born Adullam ites, have been trying to settle matters to their own liking, by inducing Mr. Gladstone to become the lieutenant of Earl Granville— a proposal somewhat analogous to request ing General Grant to servo under Don Carlos Buell, or Chief Justice Chase to bow to the legal opinion of a New York city Judge. Earl Granville is an esti mable politician, and has seen service ; he was formerly Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, and has likewise held the offices of President of tiie Council, Master of the Queen’s Buckhounds, Vice-President of the Board of Trade, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Paymaster General of the Forces and Treasurer of Navy,—which facts go to prove that there is an advantage in being born a Lord, for, with his calibre and enter prise, had he been simple John Smith or James Brown and with little property, If any, to set off those titles, he would certain ly not have filled many of the above offices. Earl Granville, however, is one of the best men in the Upper House; bat it is simply preposterous to talk of placing him over the head cf Mr. Gladstone, who, moreover, is six years his senior. Next to John Bright, onr aristocracy most fear and hate William Ewart Gladstone; and the same determined opposition which drove him from the representation of the University of Oxford Is now being organized to prevent his attaining the Premiership. The pretext of the conspirators is that Mr. Gladstone evinces irritability In his dealings with.the Opposition and his own supporters alike; bnt if the accusation were at all well founded lost session, ho has certainly dis played an uncomfortable suavity during the present. The whole Liberal party appear, in this year of grace, to be suffering from an excess of charity, but ‘what some people very properly call humbug. Not merely has this been the case In Parliament—with the exception of Earl Russell, who acts like a snapplng-turtle stepping ch hot cinders— but the amiability Is actually carried into the law courts; for wc find Colonel Nel son and Lieutenant Brand daintily treated and addressed as “gentlemen” by the very counsel who are seeking to bring home to them the charge of murder in con nection with the Jamaica massacres. All this Up-salve and scented kld-glOTcismmnst soon give way to sturdy vituperation and hard knocks; and-tbe sooner it does the better, lor the change will be more natural and more honest. Mr. Gladstone's appointment to the Pro-, mlcrship involves much more than his own Individual position. If Lord Russell were to succeed Earl Derby, the whole tribe of Bus sells, Greys and Elliotts would get good po sitions. If Lord Granville were sum moned by her Majesty, wo should find a - hungry crowd rushing out of the Cave of Adullam, and Lords Grosvenor, DunkelUn and Elcho, with Bob Lowe, Here in an and Laird climbing upon the Treasury benches. Bat should Mr. Gladstone be sent for, such men os John Bright, John Stuart Mill, James Stansfeld, Goschen and William £. Forster will stand the best chance, and tben we should have reform in earnest. The meeting next Tuesday will, probably, give some indication as to which of the three sets have the inside track ; audit is not, perhaps, necessary for me to state that the vast ma jority of Englishmen are calling aloud for the last; but, as Mr. Cobdcn used to say, “the majority have no votes.” Mr. Gladstone might buy up the support of the Adnllamitcs by the bait of office ; bat will be do it? We may learn what are his intentions during the ensuing week; for the very efficient “ Whip ” of the Liberal party, the Hon. B. B. W. Brand, has jnst resigned his position, and the appointment of his suc cessor will Indicate In what direction Liberal patronage will hereafter fall. Everybody is anslons for the arrival of next week, Inas much as suspense and intrigue will then come to an end, and the people will at length understand If they ore once again to be cheated. I stated a week ago that every division or section of English society Is at the present time undergoing the process of disentegra tlon; and this fact has made itself more than ever apparent during the past week. The would-be now party, known as the Adullam ites, are already quarrelsome; part of them holding with the Tories, and others endeavoring to make their peace with the Liberals. Robert Lowe heads the latter sec tion ; and, If he can induce Mr. Gladstone to promise him office in the nest Administra tion, he will probably endeavor to explain away his opinions and action of last session, and come out in fhll panoply as an icono clastic Radical. Pretty Lord Elcho, how ever, with a few others, hang about Earl Derby’s coat tails, visit him in St. James’ Square, and rub their knees against his fes tive mahogany. Earl Groavenor, the Chief of the Cave, sticks to the idea of forming a “blood and culture” party; and we now are threatened with the immediate establishment of an Adullamlte daily paper in the : metropo lis, Grosvcnor’s papa, 'the Marquis of Westminster, finding the £60,000 ($300,000) for the purpose. As that much-to-he pilled nobleman manages to exist on a paltry in come of £520,000 ($3,600,000) a year, it is to be hoped he will not miss the spondulics he is about to invest for the honor of becoming a newspaper proprietor. There is no chance whatever of the speculation becoming a suc cess, for the AdnUamltes do not exist outside the House of Commons and the Lords; be sides which the entire gang Is composed of vain and disappointed aspirants after office ready to sell themselves to the highest bid der. TheMlnister would effect a splendid operation who chose to buy the lot at their real value, political, moral and Intellectual —selling them afterwards at the price they put upon themselves. Only purchasers are not always fools ; and, besides, there wonld be some difficulty in finding a market for the rubbish. We are entering upon ■ revolu tionary scenes ; and now that Falmerston Is cobwebbed up in the venerable Abbey, emas culated dough faceism doesn’t go down any longer with the family of Bull. The dissensions in the Tory camp are much more important, and it will require a far greater amount of tact than Earl Derby can boast of to reconcile them. There are two factions in the Cabinet; the first led by Disraeli and Lord Stanley, and the other by GtneraLPecl and Lord Cranbonrne. The former wish to swim with the current of Reform, and to remain in office by conced ing a large extension of tbe suffrage ; where as the latter think they can brave public opinion and, If need be, pat down the pres ent political agitation by measures similar to those adopted in Ireland, and which proved so successful in Jamaica. The resolutions introduced by Mr.’' Dis raeli were intended to act as a compromise between the two factions, and were drawn up, I learn, by Earl Derby personally. They, in effect, conceded'to insraell and LordsiUn ley their much coveted Reform BUI, whiHt promising to Peel and Cranbourae-the obapicp of tfcat measure; But Lord Derby seems to hare ignored In his calculations tho opintoa of the Opposition and the determina tion of the country ot large. The past twelve days hare proved conclusively that the principles embodied in those resolutions will never be accepted by Parliament; all classes of the community are crying out for an immediate settlement of the question; and it Is now rumored that Mr. Disraeli, on Monday, will propose to withdraw the Jectlonable clauses and to introduce a Re* form BUI forthwith. The meeting of Tory members next Monday is for the purpose of gaining the consent and support of the party to this procedure: and If Lord Derby be suc cessful in this object, be and his coadjntors wUI remain in office a few months longer. But onr Tories are a stiff-necked and perverse feneration; and It remains to be seen whether Disraeli’s obstinacy or Peel’s stupid- Ity will carry the day on that occasion. Still, as I remarked above, they have a loop hole of escape through the divisions in the Liberal ranks ; and those Adnliamltcs may come to their rescue at the critical moment. CONTINUANCE OF THE HABEAS CORPUS SUS PENSION ACT IN IRELAND. The House of Commons determined last night that the Au&ras corpus act should con tinue to be suspended in Ireland daring the ensuing three months. The bill went rapid ly through the usual stages, aud will be passed In the Lords and receive her Majesty’s signature on Monday. 1 should confine myself to the simple mention of the fact but for the very lucid, able, and kind-hearted speech of the Secretary of State for Ireland, Lord Naas, in introducing the bill, and the opportunity afforded me of expressing my satisfaction at the altered tone of Parlia ment in reference to that unfortunate coun try. Lord Naas gave a truthful account of the exact condition and prospects of the Fenian cause In the Emerald Isle, and the different Centres and dupes of that organiza tion rejoicing In the protection of Uccle Sam 1 will do weQ to listen to his words; “ The leaders,” said the Secretary, “it is very well known to this House, have been anywhere except in Ireland. * * * Ex perience has shown ns that as soon as any active operations arc intended in this country, they speedily become knawn to the authori ties, and uo difficu'ty whatever has been ex perienced in obtaining ample notice of every thing they hare Intended.” His Lordship then proceeded to give some information in regard to the people detained in the Government prisons, and his state ment is interesting: “When the present Government came Into office Inst year, there were about 330 prison ers detained under the authority of the Lord Lieutenant's warrant. On the first of Sep tember, that number was reduced to2So,and so satisfied were we with the general appear ance that presented itself of tho decline of the conspiracy and partial abandonment by the treasonable persons of their designs, that we were enabled by the release of prisoners to reduce the number on the 34th of Novem ber to IS. *** In the month ot September last, onlyonc warrant was Issued, in October two, ana in November, only five.” Then came a statement of the revivifica- tion of the movement, the numerous seiz ures of arms daring the past two months, the arrival of strangers wearing; square-toed boots and American-cut clothes, and the constant flow of alarming reports from the south and west of Ireland, winding np with the late—to many of us mythical—rising in Kerry ; all of which seemed to justify the Government in asking for a continued sus pension of the habeae corput act. t Thero Is one particular portion of Lord Naas’ speech that should he read by every Irishman and woman in the United States ; for it will ex plode a chimera npon which the Fenian agi tators are basing their chief hopes of ulti mate success. It has reference to the DISINCLINATION OF THE IRISH PEASANTRY TO AID THE FENIAN MOVEMENT, Lord Naas says; “The rioters assembled and used all the means they could to induce the agricultural population to join them, but they signally failed in almost every instance, and no sympathy for their proceedings was expressed. Although, of course, much terror was created by bodies of armed men marching through the country, they did not succeed, except under threats of armed compulsion, in obtaining supplies of lood Crom the peasantry. * * * * * * At the end cf Novem ber, when I thought the movement was almost at an end, I obtained a return, which is interesting as showing the occupations of the persons imprisoned under the Lord Lieutenant’s warrants from the beginning of the Fenian movement, and showing how mnch they ere contincd to one class of the population. Of the whole num ber of 752 persons arrested up to the end of November last, there were 314 tradesmen, artisans and small shopkeepers, fifty-two shopkeepers, twenty-five publicans, four or five cleiks or commercial assistants, thirty two shopmen, and only thirty-five farmers, with twenty-six farmers* sons; the remain der being national schoolmasters to the number of twenty-nine, members of the American army and hand-laborers.” Lord Naas proceeded then to show that all parties in Ireland, at least in the disturbed districts, were desirous that the present pre cautionary measures should be continued for & short time longer, giving the House as one of bis reasons a resolution passed unan imously last Wednesday by the magistrates of the connty of Kerry, the resolution in question being moved by Mr. James O’Con nell, a near relative of the famous Daniel, and supported by Catholics and Protestants alike. He then wound up by stating as fol- lows: “Money is the principal object sought by the men encased in this conspiracy, la 1848 men of high character, of great talent, and almost of genius, engaged In that treasonable movement which resulted In the wretched affair of Ballmgarry. Bat these men work altogether in the dark; their leaders are hardly ever seen. The reputed leader of this moremeot has been hiding since the 28th of October last, and even in the midst of a large Irish population in the United States who sympathize with the movement, he has not dared to show his lace.” Lord Naas concluded his speech by saying: “To enable the Government to get rid of these pests, and drive them from the country, I would ask the House to pass the second reading of the bill.’* There were no objectors to the course sug gested, and the debate might have termi nated with little requiring further com ment, hut for the stupid malignity of one of those detestable Irish Orangemen, who thought he had a duo opportunity for anni hilating John Bright. Major, the Hon. William Stuart Knox, second son of the Earl of Ranfurly, grandson of an Archbishop, and member for Dungannon (may the Lord have pity.upon bis constituents!), advised Mr. Bright “ not to go roaming about Ire land, and raising hopes which certainly never could be fulfilled, and which were cer tainly not for the benefit of that country. So far as he (Knox, forsooth) was concerned, be regretted that the Government had not proposed the suspen sion for a year instead of three months.” Now It is well understood la the House of Commons that John Bright don’t like to take this kind of thing sitting down. The Bight Honorable the Speaker looked at him, he looked at the Speaker, and this followed: Mb. Bbigst. ** I bad no intention of say ing a word in this discussion. Bat I can as sure the honorable member who has Just spoken—l presume he is a member from Ire land—that I shall say nothing to him as to any opinion he may have about me, or about what I have said or done.” So much for Knox. Mr. Bright then for a few minutes spoke with much feeling on the unfortunate necessity which called for a renewal of the suspension of tbe Habeas Corpus Act in the sister Kingdom, calling upon the Government to treat the prisoners with the leniency and consideration due to persona not yet tried, and praising the Ministry for not asking a suspension of tbe act beyond three months. Tben, by way of a clincher to Knox, he concluded as follows: “I hope there Is not on that Island, or from that Island, any man who could have stood up before the Imperial Parliament of this country, and could have expressed. I was about to say—and if ont of the House I would say—the atrocious sentiment to which the honorable member (the gentle Knox) bos given utterance.” Thereupon he resumed his seat amidst “loud laughter and cheers.” Let me give you an anecdote about John Bright which I know to he fact. Your con temporaries will certainly copy It, and ought to credit tbe Tmiurcrc with it. One day last session Mr. Bright was crossing Recent street, when he met the Bishop of Oxford, midway- They arc old acquaintances (not very Intimate, of course); so they shook hands and slightly confabulated. Mr.Brlgbt suggested an adjournment to tbe sidewalk as a judicious procedure, when “Soapy Sam” remarked: “Ah. it would be a strange announcement that the Honorable member for Birmingham and the Bishop of Oxford were yesterday ran over in each other’s company.” “ Yes,” replied Mr. Bright, “and I won der, mj Lord, whether we should be as far apart In tbe next world os we are in this.” MB. MOTLET’S BESIONATIOJf. Our papers are publishing the fellow Mc- Cracken’s letter to Mri Seward, upon which your Secretary of State thought proper to writehis extraordinary epistle to Mr. Mot- ley. The English press, without distinction of party, are loud in condemnation of Mr. Seward’s action In the matter; and all unite in expressing their respect and esteem for your late representative at Vienna, and their admiration of his manly and dignified rejoinder. Mr. Seward has not many friends in thi* country, especially amongst those who Lave sympathized with the cause of ihe North from the outset; and his apparent complicity with Andrew John son In the latter’s Border-State opposition to Congress and the enormous majority of the American people, conpled with his un warrantable treatment of a gentleman who has cast lustre on the Republic, are losing him all the esteem once felt lor him. TVe do not feel any sorrow for Mr. Motley, -because we know that his fellow-countrymen w jjj make up the loss to him tenfold. the impeachment of president JOHNSON. lam as yet unaware of the exact charges brought against the Individual whom the pistol of John Wilkes Booth made President er the United States. There to c ever, which 1, as an Englishman, bring against him. All onr ne< 'which maligned the Union datee^ years, which exhausted tho entire ln»y of abuse against President which helped on the rebellion _ means in their power, are no ing Andrew Johnson to tho seventh ■Whatever you may think of this in I cannot believe that any mao, end, such authorities,' ought to be the United States. From the l heaped npon him, ard the iliarrhcra < nlty cast npon the North by the T its satellites, I am almost persuaded - Ucvc they Know him to be a trauo country. I really think that onr ari freedom-hating papers ought to be fore the Judiciary Committee of tht/ ii of Representatives, so that It may 'jJ| who are Andrew Johnson’s friends. John Bn P. S.—l bad almost forgotten to that the Princess of Wales has got rheumatism and the baby—no! the tlsm and another baby. lam Sorry events; bat the latter will cos; •. twenty-five to fifty thousand dollars during the whole of its continuance, can’t folks keep their own babies? monarchy Is a delightful Samuel told the children of they wanted a king—like other fools 3J^; THE PAPACY. H »o» France and Rome. The French Yellow Bwk ’ lowing despatch, addressed by Ixr [>■ tier to the french Erabassadorat l!m ODa Paris, December i T Count: The Emperor has always il.-se,. independence of toe Holy See ami thf ; A dence of Italy. Each of these two Interc? have preferred to be the object ol one p»th preference; but, uolwithetanoine thcd;;l reconciling their claans.Aho Emperor h: pcixnittedhimself to forget tae double (, posed npon him. To-day. Italy being «i. 3 constituted, the confolldatinn or the /»H, potcer becomes the •principal ot our effort.*, and Inc lioly ■# t has the inlicst right to await the result . with confidence, and to ensure our sue*, such wise measures os his conscience may* L Doumless the depar.nre of oar rroops wl cion (be Holy Father emotions which we <^ r comprehend. Vet no moment cornu bet voiaole for confronting the situation than? 1 which the national sentiment in Italy was W ing anch a complete satisfaction as lout ca. the acquisition of Vcnetfa- We fcliclta selves open these circumstances becau-« pa moat desirable >bat onr occupation. a teroot measure, which preceded malcria'iy solidaling morally, and wbicn could not indefinite without destroying the power U JO to defend, sbocld cease. ta Ihe Catholic world ought lohuowthatw ' fully adjourned so long a measure whose > . tj bad become manifest, and It conld tot Injustice Ignore the fact that when Ibisn-si became icsuimountable we did what we ci sterns to the Holy Father new and more v“ guarantees for tho free anri tranquil csejti Ala do vble sovereignty. -qj The Convention ot the 13th of Scptcral " spite the efforts made to belittle Its impo” attests In the highest manner our slucerid onr forecast, It vras a moat difficult task to direct that• IrretiistabluCurmn .»Mchßoemc(Todrawalf^ ■ toward Home. Wo assumed this dirilcu j and Ihe selection of Florence a* capital w ’ first pledge of the new policy wnlch we advr In Italy, and the wisdom oi which will cont 1 bt- demonstrated. Need 1 pome out the fnlU nty which reenlis to ibe Pontifical Govei from the obligation contracted bv the C w mentol King Victor Eznanccl to preserve • late, even by force, the frontier of (he Po; ■ Stales from external invasion, denying itss* power to cross these frontiers ? ~ We are convinced *hat the Cabinet of Flcj whote reiterated promises cauco; be di-ert® will fatthlariy znain’aia mat which we ■ i from it. Obtaining from lialya pledge to a* its ehai cof the Pontifical fiet-t, we have no 1 repaired an Injustice, we have also rellevH Feral finances of a weight which wm cfl ■ them, What remains to be done docs not c entirely npon ourselves but onr counsels at | inilcccre c.iJl be employed, without ci-asU improve tbcsitnulloo j 'ibereligions negotiations of the last ye. reopened under new condldluors, which,* the frierdly disposition of the lulran G«J meat, and encourages ns to hopofcrafavcj result. Ihe return of the bishops «o * . dioceses will give a great satisfaction to the*- • Father, and greatly conirlrnteto the tnnqj of consciences. We do not donbt that Piu will take those steps which are required b; - nature ot things, ihe opportuneness of whi*.- demonstrated. He knows onr idcat npoc‘ subject, and that we suggest notbii.g to ! which can cause him to hesitate, or indue*, to draw back from dispositions which b spontaneously maiaicsted. 1 We believe it posnble, in these condltior found the relation of the Uo'.y to Its sub ' and to the rest of Italy "pon a natural ana < bie foundation. Inspire the Holy Father •* this conviction, which will trim courage to m take the work without dciav. 'jell hlmlba ' retirement ot our troops does not Imply the i -domuent of the great interests which for s» teen years we have guarded by onr presence, which, near or distant, we shall contrive to v over with entire auction. > You are authorized to leave a copy of thU 'r spalch with the Cardinal Secretary oi State. (Signed) YlocsTn’’! Plus Ihe Ninth on the Condition of Clmrcti In Italy, The following Is . the allocution which? Pope addressed to the Consistory on the' of February: Vessuaslb EnExnusa: The love of Cl urging upon us the duty of inquiring wh;. man; dioceses have been Jill vacant is I‘alr * sent an autograph Idler In the month of Ma ISCS, to tho Si os i serene Kingot Italy, asging ’ to send to os some penou with whom we c> treat on such a serious subject. When he ceeed to our wishes negotiations were newed, ba>, through no mall of ours talnly, they cate© to no result. They not fulfil our desire, although moved by ardent solicitude forme eaivabon of sonls, which the Holy See has always given priority all things, we condescended to Invito these " gotlatlons. Tie ma’*er was iccemly taken u the desire of thme who are masters ol aSalr? Italy. Urn. It is impossible lor ns, veaen brethren, to treat of this subject wl'honi ex- r • tug ‘ profound sorrow and bitier griel 'ihct prelates who wa are about «o sen<T *o the vac sees will not only find the ecclesiastical lr. as ruined, bnt they will absolutely find themscl in want of their ordinary means of support; what is still worse, they will find the atones the sanctuary scattered, iho asylums ofrcligi, perfection deserted, the inmates of the cloi-1 reduced to niter destitution, a-.d the h' virgins excelled from the religious < fleet*. where with the Le'.p ot Ok), t' bad retired to live and die on the kisses of hcavtnly tpon-c. It is fad and jiaimul to -« buiiora to such sees, especially In a crisis if p he aiiaiis like the present, hut 'that is to done? Give up the project for these rwur No. These laborers will return >o the v planted by God and watered with the blood of I bon, relying on tbe Almighty’? aid they *ill c ceed to iheir woik confident in (be protection the Mother of God, who can powerfu assist them. It Is she. Indeed, the u seat of wisdom, who with her la ’ ' online the efforts or Ibe pastor*, will bri to them. Id ber qoaliiy of refugo of sim.ers, gr numbers of waouenog souls. Comforter ot i aflllctefl. she will assuage through them the $ finings of me wretched; protectress of Jbrislioi she will bring hack to the pastors the reaped a filial affection ot the peop'c, and thus In tut- dex lly and love of the flock tfier will flua relief fre Ite weight of their onerous functions, as well consolation In the cortust they wiu hare io s: tain against the enemies of God and the nower darkness, who are endeavoring to seize the whe field of the Gospel In order to make V. a dcsoh abode. Therefore, amongst the new bishops, we s’ provisionally name some who belonrto Italy.h, mg confidence that in future CouaMorier wc w have an opportunity of mccomr-lng olnt and O'hera sltli, if the Judgments men who Uvo according to the esigonU of the time, will harmonize with on especially !u what concern? the election of ic. vidnals. Ic would not he opporture to cay mi tn the present state of things; but the fat ;; unless the justice of the Almlgl brings about a change. is Imt t clearly Indicated oy tue pa«t series ot me distressing events. Still wc mma have coafldu in God, who, In copctn with the Immaculate v gin azd the holy apostles, has. Id so sMkir manner, protected us beneath the shadow of h wings; and who In the end (such at least is o hope), will change our sorrow Into joy. Le: t endeavor, venerable brethren, to hasten and ripen this result so desired to oar prayers, bv ti concord of our souls and the exercise of evci Christian virtue. The Woodward Tioccdy la Indiana— Brave Little Girl, and Her Story I Coo rt. [Bedford (Ind.) Correspondence (March D) of U Cincinnati Gazette.] Tour readers wilt doubtless remember th Woodward tragedy that occurred in Orang County, last June, in which three per . were murdered in cold blood, and a fonrti an old lady, horribly, wounded. It s~~ that the assassin entered the cabin In tb alter part of the night.slew David Woodw with an axe, and then proceeded to despat the other victims with a knife. While thi horrid butchery was going on a little dir .* ter of Woodward’s, only seven years old seized the babe and secreted herself behind i door, at the same time holding her ham over the child’s mouth in order that its err might not betray their biding place, am by tbat means saved the lives ot both. 'A little sen, some five years old, managed tc escape by hiding under a bed. Never havt wc known such presence of mind exhibit, by children as young as they. A man by the name of William Sand:..! charged with the awful crime, and is now or trial before his Honor Judge Blckncll. B ders Is a young man, rather dark complcctct and seems to take matters rather coolly. Hu countenance is not very good, and yet one one.would hardly take him to be a man w’ was fitted for such deeds of olood. The jury to try the case was sworn on Tuesday afternoon, and the opening speeches made by Mr. Wler, on the part of the State, and Judge Carlton for the defence. At nine o’clock, Friday morning, Mrs. Woodward, the old Indy who was stabbed and left for dead on the night of the murder, was aw. rn. She seemed to tell a very consistent story, and testified most positively that Sarnie, was the man who committed the deed. The counsel for the defence labored hard to make it appear that she had testified differently before the Coronet’s jnry. The witness stated that she was afraid to say positively then that Wildam Sanders was the murderer, lor fear that she would be killed before could get ont of the neighborhood. The next witness was Woodward’s little daughter. She is only about seven years old, and very small for ore of her age. She is a very bright child, and answered the qnes lions pnt to her with a candor and frankness that la seldom witnessed iu older persons. The first thing was for the Court to deter mine whether she was competent to testify. The Judge asked her name. She gave it iu a clearand distinct tone of voice. The Judge then ordered the witness to be swore, and she was then examined closely In regard to what she saw and did on that fatal night. She told all about how she hid behind the door with the babe, and how she held her hand over its mouth to keep it from making a toise ; how she went for the neigh bors about daybreak, and many other things which It is impossible for us to enumerate. The recital was very affecting, and if the defendant at the bar was the guilty party be cerfalnly must have bad terrible emotions while the story was being told. Legal EeguJailon of Telegraphln HU- noK Among the acts of onr late Legislature, now a law, is one compelling comiKtio** lines of telegraph in the Sta*c to take mes sages from each other for transmission, un der forfeiture of their charters. This act reads: * And the company, person or persona mana ging any tclcgranh line In this Siam who shall re fuse to receive ana transmit despatches from other companies or persons managing telegraph lines in this Mate, shall fur&lt ull xtgot to trans mi* telegraph business la this State, acd may be cnjclniu therefrom by bill of complaint hied In any Court of competent jurisdiction, and be lia ble to pay all damages which shall accrue by rea son of»och rrfueal, to the person or company odetlng such despatch for haosnuasion.”