Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, March 16, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated March 16, 1867 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

Chicago DAILY, TEMYEKKLY AST) WEEKLY. OFFICE, Ho. 31 CLAUK-HT, There are tnree editions oi the tkistos wind. at. verymornlnc,forclrcalitjon by camera, newsmen and the mafia. 2d. The Tbi-Wekki.t, Mondays, \7ed- Beads?* sM Fridays, for the mails only; sad the TTbehz.t, on Thursdays, for the m&lla sad sale stem •Ouster sad hr newtmen. Terms of the Ulilcoco Tribute t Dally delivered id the city (per wees) .« “ •* (per quarter).... 3,23 Dally, to mail subscribers (per annum, pays- Me Id advance) on Trl-Weekly.(per annum, payable In advance) 0.011 Weekly, (per annum, e la advance) li.OO tv Fractional parts ol the year at the same rates. XT Persons remitting end ordering nva or more copies of either, the Tri-Weekly or Weekly editions, may retain ten per cent uf the subscription price as a commission. Lories to Bunsens ms.—in ordering the address 01 your papers chanced, to nreveat delay, bo sure and specify what edition yon take-. Weekly, Trt-Wcckly, or Dally. Alfc, clveyonrpKESßNTandfnture address Money, by Draft, Express, Money orders, orin Begteteted Letters, may be acat at our risk. Address, TRIBUNE CO,. Chicago. 11l SATURDAY, MARCH 10, ISCT. A NEEDED ASIEXDMENT TO THE RATIONAL BANKING Llff. -Congress Is in session, and Congress is not so pressed with urgent public business that it might not devote a few hours to the prep aration and passage of a measure which is seriously demanded by the public interests, and the failure to enact which may be fol lowed by evil consequences. Under the National Banking Law it is pro- Tided that each bank shall have on hand a reserve fund equal to one-fourth of Us circu lation and of Us deposits. It is also pro vided, that the banks may deposit not ex ceeding fifteen per cent of this reserve fund in New York, or at any other of the desig nated points, for the purpose of redeeming its circulation. Under this law there has grown up a sys tem which is utterly inconsistent with any safe banking business; and that Is the pay ment of interest on deposits. Banks pay their depositors interest on their daily balances ; larger bsnks pay the smaller banks interest on their deposits, and thus the deposit ac count of the National Banks shows an aggre gate of deposits which is to a great extent fictitious. Thus, twenty.five country banks have an average deposit of one hundred thousand dollars each; these banks deposit one-half of that sum in New York or Chica go, or elsewhere, and receive for its use an interest of four per cent. Their deposit ac count shows an aggregate of two millions and a half, while the banks to which it is loaned count one-half of it in their de posits. Thus, upon a quarterly state ment the two millions and a half of actual deposits foot up three millions and a quarter. Again, merchants inall parts of the country send their money from day to day to that city in which they deal, aud de posit it in the National Banks where they are allowed four per cent interest. The hanks, particularly in the city of New York, which pay the highest rate ol interest, obtain the largest volume of deposits, whether from banks or from Individuals. The legal me of interest in New York is six per cent, and the bank that loans out its millions of deposits at six per cent, and pays four per cent to the depositor must do a lively business to make both ends meet. If it loans out only two-thirds of -its deposits, it merely receives for interest what it pays out, and sustains all the losses. If it loans out all its deposits its profits are only two percent, and to make that it must loan out its reserve, and then from the meagre profits must meet Its losses by the failure of the bad paper it discounts. To Keep the entire deposits of a hank constantly loaned out requires an activity in discount that is inseparable from hazardous dis counts ; nothing can enable a bank to have customers ready to take all its money, ex cept doing business with stock jobbers and operators whose willingness to accept money Is only limited by the supply. The sev enty or eighty millions of dollars belonging to banks and individuals in all parts of the country, and now on deposit in New York, bearing an interest of four per cent, Is all invested In the operations of the Stock Board. Men buy recklessly when they can get an unlimited supply for their margins from banks who, to make their two per cent, must take customers as they can get them. If the stock operation pays, all very well; the hank gets its two per cent interest; hut if the operation falls, then the loan Is lost, and drummers must be sent into the country to coax the hanks of the interior to send on their deposits. We ventme the assertion that in the way of legitimate hanking not one dollar of profit has ever been made by any bank which paid lour per cent interest on Us deposits, and loaned the same out at six or seven per cent. If hank officers, using the deposits of their customers, make ventures in stocks or in gold, or otherwise, and make fortunes, that is another thing, but making it in the way of legitimate banking upon the mere difference between four and six or seven per cent is quite another thing. The first panic in the stock market will burst the bubble; the whole business will explode, and in the rnln of the New Tork institutions will fol low the ruin of all those country banks which, tempted by the offer of four per cent interest, have parted with the possession of the money of their depositors, and have ac tually left themselves without the reserve which the law demands they snail retain. Congress can do no wiser act than to put an end to a business which threatens the country with such disaster. A sudden col lapse ih the money market would disclose the fact that there are seventy or eighty millions ol money, which ought to be in the vaults of National Banks outside of New York city, now on deposit in that city, and that it is all invested in desperate stock gambling, in buying or selling, “ bull ing” or “ bearing” of the market, and dependent for Its payment upon chance* as uncertain as the throwing of a dice box, or the turning of a card. It is now in the power of Congress to anost the cala mity which sooner or later will result from snch a state of things. They have only to pass a brief act amending the General Bank ing Law by prohibiting the banks from pay ing Interest on deposits. In this way, they will at least save the depositors in all the country banks from having tbeir money lost by the failure of the reckless New York city banks to which the country banks hare loaned money. Let Congress pass such an act and the country will perhaps be saved a ruin which will be wide spread and heavy. MB. LINCOLN’!** VIRUS OX THE TARIFF, Some of our coteuiporarics who advocate excessive taxation on Imported property, are publishing a private letter written by Mr. Lincoln eight or nine years ago to Edward Wallace, of Pennsylvania. They attempt to draw the conclusion therefrom that he was in favor of such a “bill of abominations” as tbut which came so nearly being forced through Congress during its late session. It will be seen that it was not Intended for pub lication, but as an excuse for not writing a public exposition of his views on the subject of tariffs. The letter is as follows: Cuntox, 111, October 12.153 U. Sin. berejnu now. attending Court. Yesterday, ue roic l U-l‘i Sprrotiliold, your brother Dr. William S. Wallace. showed me a letter of yours, in which yon kir.cly mention my oain *, Inquire for my lariffviews, and Kiggcst the propriety of my writ- CTn? letter upon the subject- 1 was an old Henry si>efcfcl r .*if whig. In old times 1 mads more i have £<J,Ujet subject tran on any other, vet. ii vc couF(f-' ! changed my views. I believe protective a cartful'y ad rot to V* a intpe’uaTtoi? rar aewUsstd vi as f£vcltbl*s t chctices and fabric?/ strife, better for Ur. "'us, it would be Still, it is my opinion that jn«t no* of that qhet’ior will not aacvnc* the cat*,/itself or rlif man who r*rirtt tt. ,s l£e “'» ?? ch n P°" 11,0 Babior ro ccntly, but my general lmprrs«loa i«, that th‘ cessltvfor a pr.CL-ctlv- laiin-.viil, «e jong, fjj ee its oM opponents to laky li nn; ard then it* 010 friends can join it, and c?tabu:li it on a m.'re Arm and dnrsb.e basin. ,Ui H the old Whig?, her:* been entirely beaten Uiftonil cuation; and we shall not be ?.ft t ?W tabU * i ‘ the policy, nnul the absence Hr bali bavc demonstrated the necessity for it oi mrn heretofore opposed to lu 1 ►hould prefer cot uow to write a ?hiSn W^ UI T D,^ la ‘‘ T,1 'j eCL 1 therefore wish this jo be comeercd confidential. lehall ’‘e vcry ciad to receive a letter from yon. lcu:>, truly, A. Lmcour. From this letter we gather, First, That Mr. Lincoln in early life was an “old Henry Clay tariff Whig.” The tariff bill of 1842 which Henry Clay framed, averaged thirty, three per cent. It was considered highly pro tective and defended by the Whigs and de nounced by the Democrats,’as sneb. The Whigs of those days asked for no higher du ties than the act of 1542 imposed. S:eond, At the time of writing this letter (October, 1550,) Mr. Lincoln was in “favor of a moth crate, carefully adjusted, protective tariff.” Those who have quoted him us authority on the tariff question arc brawling like howling Dervishes in favor of an immoderate, “ring” adjusted tariff to serve the interests of special classes at the expense of the whole community. He was content with “ moderate protection,” They arc Intent on “ beastly protection”— indeed, their object Is prohibition, If such a thing be possible. A tariff bill framed strict ly in accordance with the views of his let ter would be denounced by the howling Dervishes] pu a base British free trade” contrivance, concocted to foster “ foreign pauper labor” at tbe expense of “ American industry.” I?lrd, Mr. Lincoln lavored a moderate, carefully adjusted tariff, which would be stable and permanent, acquiesced in and not subject to continual tinkering, changes and uncertainties, causing political fitrUe and squabbles. A more pointed-con damnation of tbe course pursued by tbe tariff maniacs, who vex and curse the country, could not be uttered. They arc not satisfied wiib any tariff six months at a lime. Eleven times have they changed the rales of impost within six years ; and they are now threatening the country ’with a twelfth change at the next session of Con gress. Like the horse leech’s daughter their cry is, give! give!! They have sailed bull down and clear out of sight of the “moder ate, judicious, carefully adjusted,” and per manent tariff system which Sir. Lincoln ad vocated* . And yet they have the brazen hardihood to call themselves his followers on the tariff subject.' Fourth, Mr. Lincoln confessed that the old Whigs had been entirely beaten out on the tariff question, which was true, and that it would be impolitic to revive the question at that time, as it “would not advance the cause itself, ” i. e. moderate pro tection, or the man who revives it.” At the time he wrote those confidential statements on the tariff subject the existing duties av eraged but fifteen per cent on the annual im ports, and from that time until the enact ment of the Morrill tariff in ISGI', we have Mr. Morrill’s own confession, made this win ter in Congress, “that the year ISOO, just previous to the war, was the most prosperous one , in all respects, that our country ever experi encedwhich is undoubtedly the fact. The present tariff has been tinkered and patched eleven times since then, and has been in creased by those dozen changes until it is uow/our times as high as it was then—with what effect let the following extract from Mr. Morrill’s recent speech on thtf Internal Revenue Tax Bill, testify : “If there arc any gentlemen who disbelieve the redials - concerning idle factories, forces, fur veefsa,dioundrUe,s3i'Xv;ho think tnat we are still on aU top wave of prosperity.atd to mar be willing ip venture a deeper cut fntoonr revenues, 1 Invite them to look at the comparative returns of some of our lo the present slate of our navigation interests, to the decline of ibe commerce of onr cards, to our diminished ex pon trade in cattle, horses, hors, beef, butter, cotton and manufactures of cotton. Iron, copper and brass, together with numerous other articles. 1 Ms I- an exposition of which 1 have the details, but which 1 shall not, unless compelled to do so, place upon the records.” COPPERHEAD ADVICE AND FI. DELIIT. In a recent editorial of the Richmond En quirer, reproduced in our columns on Tues day, occurred the following significant para* graph: “With all onr just resentments this day against even Elevens and Sumner and Wade, they have not excited onr sense of wrong more than John son and Seward bad done before them: From these things the World may see that our introduc tion Into the political circle would by no means Insure our votes to men who fly ns when In trouble, over those who, however they have wronged ns In the past might hereafter act a more Jutland generous find conciliatory part. And fur ther, that if ndvlscd aud driven to renounce every constitutional right, and to appeal to Radical mer cy alone for terms, wc might consider such ad vice, under such a necessity, as teaching ns also to purchase a mitigation of the conditions by pledges offnlure support. And when Southern men make pledges, or Justify expectations, it Is always with purpose to make them good.” The South evidently begins to appreciate the selfish and hollow professions of the so called Democratic party, as well as the ne cessity of forming political alliances with the men who wield the power. The advice of the TTorid to the effect that the South should from necessity accept the terms of the new Reconstruction Law, is eminently wise and practical, yet it sounds harsh and unkind to Southern ears. No journal m the country has been louder in its denunciations of Congress, the Constitutional Amend ment, and the new plan of reconstruction, than the TVorW, It has declared the meas ures of Congress to he in flagrant violation of the Constitution, subversive of libertv, and certain to result in tbc establishment of a despotism on the ruins of the Republic. If all this is true, then the North is as deeply concerned as the South ; and if, as the TVorW has rep* atcdly told us, the measures of Con gress would justify armed resistance as the last resort of the nation to preserve its liber ties, then it is as much the duty of the edi tors of that paper aud those who agree with them, lo arm for the fight as it is the duty of the people in the Insurrcctiouary States. The TTorid strongly advised the South to re ject the Constitutional Amendment; Presi dent Johnson and the leading Copperheads gave the same counsel. It was very bad advice, and the South is at last opening its eyes to the fact. Had that Amendment been accepted, the insurrectionary'Stales would all have been admitted without negro suffrage, unless they themselves had voluntarily decreed It, In prefexence to suffering a redaction of po litical power on the proposed basis of repre sentation. But having followed their evil counsellors and rejected the Amendment, the result Is that they are now compelled to ac cept it, and universal suffrage in addition; at d they have no option lu the matter. The librW, haring led them into this, now ad vises that the South shall take Amendment, military rule, negro suffrage and all. It Is not strange that the South smarts under such advice, wise though it be, nor that the Enquirer characterizes those who give it, as “men who fly ns when in trouble.” The course of the South is plain, if her leading men can hut divest themselves of their unwise and baseless prejudices. It is to accept the situation promptly and in good faith, as Governor Brown’s party in Georgia have resolved to do; to organize Govern ments immediately, under the new law; to cease her vain resistance to the inevitable, and ally herself to the great party of free dom, that has both the power and the dis position to extend the helping hand. The reasons that previously existed for au al lienee with the Copperheads of the North exist no longer, since the Cop perheads have no longer any power to serve tire South, and have actually damaged her cause by such advice as that to which we bare referred. If we are to accept such ad- Ivicc. argues the Enquirer, ‘‘we might con “sider it, under snch a necessity, as teaching “us also to purchase a mitigation of the “ conditions by pledges of future support.” The Democratic party of the North has always been the most deadly ene my of the South. Under the guise of friendship, and by false promises of moral support and and material aid, it treacher ously led her into the rebellion, and not only failed to fulfil its promises of material aid, but was demoralized and virtally overthrown by the very first sound of Beaure gard’s cannon battering the walls of Sum ter. The close of the war did not put an end to the malign influence of this party on the South. It held out to her new hopes aa fallacious as those it had awakened before the the South again became Us mjpe. Instead ofallyinghcrself with the party in piwer, the party which alone held in its bauds the settlement of the reconstruction question; instead of accepting the mild and mugnaniinons terms ol adjustment offered by Congress, she followed the new light of the Executive Mansion and the evil counsels of her old allies. The result Is before her, not n a questionable shape, but as a living reality from which there is no possible escape, not even through the bloody gales of revolution. Why should the South hereafter link Us fortunes with those of a party that has only led 1 cr into a vain rebellion and a still valuer straggle to avoid its consequences, only to betray and desert her in the Lour of her need ? That is a question the Southern press has already begun to discuss, as is shown by Ihe extract at the head of this article. They v ill not cease to discuss It until the true an swer has impressed itself on the minis of the men of the South. Meantime the quiet and certain progress of the work of recon struction on .the basis of equal justice will open their eyes to the fact that while the counsel and influence of the so-called Demo-, cratic party have been evil and only evil, end that continually, the party which they have so violently denounced as conspiring to de stroy them, and to overthrow the liber ties of the nation, bas been in fact preparing the way for the return of the Southern States to the Union on the only basis that will secure permanent peace and harmony between all sections of the country and material prosperity to the impoverished South. The time is not distant when Andrew Johnson and the Northern Copper heads will be denounced by -he people of the South as the bitterest fon of tbeir wel fare. TENNESSEE. The Repullicans of Tennessee arc prepar ing for a vLorous campaign, and if properly sustained by the North, will achieve a victo rv in the .iugust election. The new suffrage law secures the political supremacy of the Union warty, If It can be faithfully enforced; but tlitre Is a great deal to be done to secure that desirable result. Organization is r.ced-d, and a thorough canvass of the Stale is Rfcessary. The negroes must be taught ther rights and protected from the violence of:he rebels on the day of the election, or few of them will be allowed to vole in the rural districts. In a word, there is a great work to he performed in Tennessee, and the loyal men of that State appeal to their brethren of the North for aid. Judge William Mills, General Agent of the Republican Union State Central Committee of Tennes see, is now in this city to consult with lead ing members of the Rcpnblican party in regard to the affairs of that State. We be lieve it Is a part of the plan contemplated by the Union leaders to secure a number of prominent and able speakers to address the people in all parts of the Slate. There will be no difficulty in obtaining men of the proper stamp, for the canvass of a Southern State by Republican orators, will be some thing new under the sun. The rebels have threatened violence against “Yankees” who shall undertake the task, but this will add rather than detract from the willingness to go. It is high lime the South should learn that the day of mob violence has passed, and that freedom of speecli can no longer be sup pressed by tar and feathers or assassina tion. The claims of the Union men of Tennessee on their brethren of the North, for assistance in their coming struggle, arc oF the highest nature. We feel confident their call will be responded to cheerfully and liberally. In the face of every obstacle and every danger, deserted by the President, and opposed by the rebels with a malice and hatred often exhibiting themselves in actual assassination, the brave Union men of Ten nessee have adhered to their faith, and moved steadily forward in the path of duty. The extension of the suffrage to the negroes, and the adoption of a system of free com mon school education for all children of tbe State, regardless of color, while winning the applause of the friends of justice and free dom everywhere, have awakened the fiercest hatred of the rebels. -Tne coming election is a question oflife or death with both parties. If the Union men carry the State, as they certainly will under a fair administration of the new suffrage law, it will he the end oi rebel hopes. Their only chance of success is to override the law, to drive the negroes from the polls, to deceive them, or to compel them by menaces to vote as the rebels wish. Once let the negroes vote freely,and learn their rights and their power, and the contest is decided in favor of ,the loyal party forevermore; but if the Union men should he beaten in that election, and the rebels regain the control as they have done in Maryland, every man in Teuncsece who Is known as a Union man would be driven from the State, if permitted a fate so merciful. The Union men must rule or be crushed to death under the heel of a bloody and relent less persecution. In such a struggle will not Republicans of the North come promptly forward to the assistance of the’r brethren in Tennessee? Wc believe they will. Judge Mills brings letters from well known and prominent Union of the Slate, and is desirous of explaining the wants and the plans of the party to those willing to lend a helping hand. THE LODKIANA “Air. Johnson sends to the Senate the same of General Herron, of Louisiana, for Marshal of New Orleans. Docs the President suppose the Senate or the country has forgotten the New Orleans maspHcrc, and the part this man played in ill” N. 7. Tribune. The announcement that General Herron’s name had been sent to the Senate was un true ; hut the above paragraph from our New York namesake does great injustice to the gentleman whose nomination was er roneously announced. There are two Gen eral Herrons in Louisiana —men of very dif ferent principles and records, and the Tribune is mistaken in the Identity of the supposed candidate for the Marshaiship. The General Herron whose name was reported to have been sent to the Senate, is General Frank Herron, formerly of lowa, who served with distinction in the Union army. He participated in General Grant’s campaign against Vicksburg, and was esteemed a brave and skilful officer. At the close of the war he settled in New Orleans, where he has since pursued the business of a commission merchant. He was chosen os one of the Louisiana delegation to the Philadelphia Coppcrjohuson Convention; hut, before that body assembled, the New Orleans massacre occurred, and so far opened the General’s eyes that he immediately afterwards wrote a letter declining to have anything to do with the Philadelphia movement. What changes his views may have since undergone, we do not know, but it is certainly very unjust to accuse him of any guilty part in the New Orleans butchery. The other General Her ron was an officer in the rebel army, and is now the Attorney General of Louisiana, to which office he was elected in ISG3. He is the man whose part In the massacre the Tribune has erroneouslv assigned to the other. It was he who won so bad a notorie ty in connection with Mayor Monroe and the Lieutenant Governor, in the events Im mediately preceding the bloody tragedy of July 30th. It is only a few months since the President removed Mr. Bullitt from the otfice of Mar shal and appointed Mr. McKee in his place. Mr. Bullitt organized a “Johnson Club” soou after the elevation of A. J. to the Presi dential office, and made other desperate efforts to retain the favor of the occupants ol the White House, but to no pnrpose. His head fell into the basket. Why it is that his successor is so soou to be succeeded we are not informed. The uncertainties of office are certainly great in Louisiana. The new bank rupt law, it is understood, will very largely increase tbc fees of the Marshal, as the gen eral poverty of the people will make an im mense amount of business under that law. S 5?" As wc predicted, the members of the Virginia Legislature have accepted the ad vice of President Johnson, not to call a Con stitutional Convention, but to let the mili tary commander perform that duty. Such being tbeir determination in the matter, wc have no doubt they will be accommodated. Congress will certainly pass a Supplementary Recons’rnctlou Act, authorizing and requir ing the various commanders to make a regis tration and order an election. The members ot the Virginia Legislature will then discover how useful the President’s advice has been to them. LrmtATuiiE. Notices of Recent Publications. REMARKABLE CHARACTERS AND I’LACES OF TilE HOLY LAND; Comprising an Ac count of Patriarchs, Judges, Prophets, Apostles Women, Warrors, Poets and Kings, wltli De scriptions of Ancient Cities and Venerated Shrines. By Charles W. Klliolt, Au'hor of ibe “New England nistory,etc.*’ With Arfclcs from Henry Ward Beecher, Rev. Joseph Cummings, D. D., and many other distinguished names. Beautifully JUustra'cd *lth Steel Engravings. Royal Octavo. Extra Fine English Morocco Cloth Pages about CSO. Price, f 1.00. Hart ford, Con.: J. B. Burr £: Co. 13C7. Chicago: Glldden & Dale. Sold by subscription only. Religious books are unpopular; and the fault is not to be set against the subject. Bigoted and little-minded men hare de graded the highest department of letters to a third-rate place. It is not very Important to the incoming golden age of the future whether the Euphrates ran through the Gar den of Eden or not; whether Melchiscdec were a man or a derai-god; whether Paul visited Albiou, or zealous Peter died on the cross with bis head downward. Much cant and over-abundance of learned nonsense about trifles, have made men comparatively indifferent to the things of actual sacred ness. Mr. Elliott is among the small number of men who set to themselves the task of presenting the world’s ideals as they exist In the modernized -system of actualizing and utilizing the past. Buskin’s ethics are quite as charming as his {esthetics. Eincrsou’s pun gent moralizing from the positive basis Is the element of his success. Robertson’s sermons arc Interesting to every one. And the same awakening of the modern spirit has made antiquity a vast store of facts, upon which this generation is erecting the structure of a more earnest interpretation of history. The laud of the nativity and wanderings of Jesus bas more interest to the man who does not dream ol it as a thing of beauty In the theo logical ether of divinity schools, but believes it wa£ solid ground, moulded in hill and vat ley and rock and sandy plain ; that its riv ers were water, and not milk and* honey or Greek nectar: that Its trees were tangible entities, beautiful to look upon, and not mere thickets for the entanglement of ram’s horns; that the descendants of Abraham, the sons snd daughters of the generation of John the Baptist, the two Marys, the Johns, Luke, James, Mark, Paul, were not thin ghosts and disembodied creatures, but live, speaking, eating, thinking, high-minded, great and noble men and women. And so far as we can judge from a frag ment of Mr. Elliott’s book, it will present a complete and real picture of life m the home of tbe Children of Israel and the Christian Fathers. Without assuming to trea* ques tions of theological doctrine, w is the author’s purpose to bring out tN real char acter of the people ; to reproduce the mode oriiviug ana the look oi'thl*£ s as they were in ancient experience; tie aged patriarch sitting in the dojr of his tent, the young shepherd-king chanting his Inspired songs among the A>nely hills of Galilee, the vehe ment pro.raet launching his denunciations In the faeff of wicked kings, the enthusiastic apostle fleeing for his life. Reside the important detail of matter this xork has two very attractive features: the very excellent steel engravings of well cho sen subjects, and the elegant, easy, yet anti thetical and sprightly style of the writers. The descriptions are quite as entertaining as a narrative of African hunting, a visit to Utah or a voyage north in a whaler; and the vivid sketches of the most venerated shrines of antiquitj' have an importance much above mere entertainment. Here is a foretaste: “There Is a simplicity about the life and manners of the first generation of the patri archs, in the few details which are put on record—a flavor at once of Orientalism and of hoary antiquity—that is truly charming. Abraham Is by no means a modern Sheik, half a robber and half a lord, grassing, re vengeful, unscrupulous, treacherous, but a mild, dignified, honorable gentleman, with much experience ofllfe, acquired in his many wanderings, standing os an equal by theside of kings and chieftains, a bravo combatant when oleaster overtook his nephew Lot, yet most peace-loving and ready to make con cessions, nursed in the ways of the world yet full of native tenderness, and a stranger to all that is artificial .” BREATHINGS OF THE BETTER LIFE. Edited by Lucy Lnrcuci. Morocco Clotn. Pages 235. Bo?ton: Tlcknor & Fields, 1807. Sold by all. booksellers. THE BOOK OF PRAISE. From the best English Hymn Writers. Selected and Arranged by Rocndcll Palmer. Morocco Cloth. Pages D2 - l. Price $1.75. Cambridge: Lever & Francis. S. C. Griggs * Co., Chicago. A ROSARY FOR LENT; or. Devotional Read mes, Original and Comnllcd. By the author of “Ruth dec.” New York : S. W. Carlelou £ Co. Wm. B. Keen & Co., Chicago. Three devotional hook,s of which Lucy Larcum’s “Breathings of the Better Life” is much the best. The purpose of her glean ings is “to blend a few brief utterances of the elder saints with words spoken by some of the most earnest and reverent thinkers of our own day ; to echo, from the high grounds of faith and aspiration, voices that cannot fall to inspire the traveller struggling upward to a better life.” Robertson. Beecher, Bushncll, Mrs. Stowe, Channing,‘Whittier, Longfellow, Emerson, Bethune, Wasson, Browning, Tholuck, Augustine, Bernard, Kempis, give tone to the beautiful little volume In vermilion and gold, large clear type, red boiders and gilt top, of Ticknor & Fields’ best style. GAUDI-KING FOR PROFIT; A Guide to the Sncceftfal Cultivation of the Market and Fami ly, Gardtj. IliuFtrated. By Peter Henderson. Cloth. Papes sia. illustrated. New York; Orange, Jund & Co. isr.7 • and A }l£. m F4- N BORTjcui.run \l annual. ISC«. A Year Book of Horticultural Progress for the Professional and Amateur Gardener, Fruit grower and Florist. Illostraied. Paner. Pages 152. Price W cents ; in cloth, To cents Two books whose utility is their highest recommendation; as indeed it is the most desirable quality belonging to men or things. Here arc set down the marvels of produc tion which the.well cultivated acre and stout hands willing to dig may throw upon the market; the reward of labor and the missionary work of political economy. The stylo is plain; the illustrations are good; the plan is sensible; and the books are all they pretend to be and more. mur. A Severe Crisis for the Kingdom. Popular Opposition to the Mon archy. A maze of Intrigue. Tlic Hunger for liberty and Public Economy, [Special Correspondence ofthc Chicago Tribune.] FioßEtcx, Itaiy, February 17. We arc passing through the most severe political crisis in recent Italian history, and the true meaning ol it is but faintly seen by the distant on-looking public. Mazzini has recently repeated his condemnation of the Italian monarchy ; hat wc have had no such condemnation of it as is Implied in the last royal acts. When once before the Moderate party, with La Marmora at Us head, was voted down by the Deputies, the Cabinet came back in a few days, with a “bran new” tail, made up of insignificant members, and bullied the representatives of the peo ple into assent and submission. Wc have the same mameuvre now, with the addition of an appeal to the country for a new clcctiou. It is felt on all bauds that if Parliamentary Government is to be more than a farce, the King must sometime or other begin to take advice from the majority of the Chamber, lie has been led to believe that the fate of the dynasty depends on the retention of powerfby the Moderates, and is led to vio late the principles of Parliamentary Govern ment to keep that party In power. Mazzini says nothing so harsh, so uncharitable, so condemnatory as are these royal acts. This Chamber, now dissolved, has been from the first an Opposition Chamber, but it has never been permitted to attempt Government. Were the people to use the legal powers vested in them by their representative sys tem; were they to unite, vote and Insist npon the execution of laws—wc should doubtless have cither a coup d'etat or a revolution right speedily. But as the people do no such thing; as the blunders and sins of Minis tries only drive them farther from taking part'in the Government os Deputies; arc elected by little coteries of their friends, not ten per cent of the electors voting—we shall “ keep pegging away” until heaven sends a thunderstorm. What the country needs is an Infusion of popular feeling, na tional blood; and the King has now twice missed his golden opportunity. Every one must notice the difference be tween the National cause aud the Govern- ment in popular esteem. The lirst has con stantly commanded the earnest and enthusi astic support of the great body of the peo ple. The second has been distrusted, scorned, detested all these six years. The King could have removed this terrible breach between his Government and the people hod he wisely reflected that the Left represented not only a majority of those who voted at the election, but also the vast body of the people who refused to vote at all. I think the people err in this abstention from their privilege and duty- Bat it must be remembered that they are not educated in representative Government, and it seems to them more dignified to re fuse their support to the Government, even by voting against it—to refuse to endorse the system—until they have better proof that the system is good. Opposed to monopoly, shy of all political professions, suspicious of 'royalty by instinct, these men wait to see the monarchic system die out before they at tempt to create a better one. It Is much to be regretted that the King has again con - firmed tbeir distrust of his office, their profound aversion to the monarchy. Not that Victor Emanuel is personally un popular. Neither is Pio Nono. The Italian Idea is that as men, both are very good men; but that each Is the head of a shop, a trade, and he must consult the interests of the con cern for which bo acts. They hold that Popes and Kings have interests which make them unsafe, dangerous neighbors ; and so they quarrel more or less with both, out of an undying instinct. The peculiar way in which this present crisis has come Is sot calculated to increase popular confidence. A Ministry, with an un popular hill before the House of Deputies, rather than die honesfly in a field fight, in which the dignity and breadth of the ques tion would have made defeat honorable, cbosc to perish in a sort of street brawl, with every circumstance of discredit, as if it wished to turn the representative system into ridicule. The people wanted to hold meetings against the bill on the church property. Kicasoli coolly Issued a circular suppressing that kind of meeting and all other kinds, and when accused of It in the House gloried In it. He had a plausible de fence in the peculiar conditions of the coun try—in previous suppressions of liberty, which complacent Chambers have winked at and passed without censure. But these facts did not content him. lie look high couctltutional ground. His reasoning ran like this: “ The Coiistitulionguarantecs freedom of public meeting, and the legislative power has passed no laws limiting or regulating the constitutional right; therefore it la ttie duty of the Ministry to regulate the right of meeting." Mephlstopheles could not* bo more cynical; Mazzini is incapable of any such fine Irony on the Italian Constitution. No Chamber could tolerate any mau or Min istry who a a sumcd to exercise all those powers which are expressly dcaled him, on the plea that the Legislature had not gone before him In violation of the Con stitution. So, for his cynical sneers, Ricaeoli was voted into retirement. There is nothing like Ibis In all Parlia mentary Government. Holding in one hand a hill to confer liberty on the enemies of Italy, the Minister arms the other with an utauthorized decree putting down the liber ties of the nation. He had just written some flue homilies on the abstract doctrines of liberty; he turns with frightful facility to preach on the duty of Ministers to practice despotism. Kicasoli must henceforth be counted with that band of Moderates who have very nearly ruined the dynasty. Mln ghetti, Peruzzi, La Marmora, Persano, Rataz zi, ct id oume genus, —whoever is in place, they are always in power. It Is painful to say, but here lies the sore trouble of the country. The changes of the Ministry only mean that the little process of patching is designed lb court favor at the elections ; not jropular favor, but the smiles of certain coteries. , The gravest is unsaid. That little bill for unchaining the enemy and this little decree for tying the hands of the people are both parts of a system to be followed. The Mod erates b mode up their munis iw govern tty inchelpof the Church, and therefore, propose to please the Church. They have taken stock In Florence and are resolved to keep the Capital of the nation on the Arno. The people have frightened them out of several similar resolutions in the last six years and may drive them again—but to all appearance they will make a de termined stand on tbeir Ecclesiastical Bill. It is not the first time Ricasoli bus been ac eased of soiling bis palms. He bas some how fattened while the nation has grown poor, and he has been found inconveniently close to two or three scandals of public finance. It is now boldly charged that, for keeping the Capital at Florence, giving up to the Church many millions which arc the propcrty.of the State by law, securing the independence of the temporal power, and trampling out the revolution, the combination of which he Is the head [is to make more money at one s woop than all the gains of all the peculators out of the public treasury in these six years during which Italy has mired down Into bankruptcy. The elections arc likely to be animated; but if the the Clericals support the Moder ate candidates, Rlcasoli will secure a Cham ber to bis liking. The Left have Issued a circular to tbeir electors, and the Ministry contemplate a manifesto. The Left address is very able. They say that lor six years the Ministries icfuscd to submit to a Parliamen tary review and control of finances; that this session the majority resolved to vote no new taxes until retrenchment had been carried to its utmost limit, that they arc unwilling to create in th 6 Church an Episcopal Oli garchy, or to expose poor liberal priests to the unrestrained rage of rich Bishops by the grace of the Popej that they dare not endanger liberty in the State by creating slavery in the Church, and cannot consent that the nation shall disarm before a temporal .Papacy which contests the the possession of the National Capital. They close by warning the electors that a choice must be made between arbitrary Goverment and the reign of law defended by Parliament. It is much the ablest manifesto yet issued by tbe Liberal party, and if .the people could be Induced to lake part In the elections the result would not be doubtful. I repeat that the crisis is grave. It has been said Italy is hungry from the Alps to the Adriatic for bread; but a not less gnaw ing hunger for liberal and economical Gov ernment prevails all over the Peninsula. Dearborn. Tlie Big Toe. Moujtb, 111., March 13. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: Undoubtedly yon have heard it remarked that the bigloe, although the most Ignoble part of tbe body, is forever thrusting Itself forward. Now, I do not pretend to know anything about the big toe of this Govern ment, except what I have learned from the columns of the Tkibukb. I see It stated in your paper that impeachment is a very grave thing, and that it is .doubtful if such a charge could be sustained by evidence. I admit it to be grave, and the grave of Dr. Dostie alone makes it grave cnongh to com mence it; and, if one-tenth part of the . evi dence spoken of In the papers la true, then ■there Is prool enough. Why do wo allow this great toe to thrust itself into the Legis lative Department of this Government, and saying to Congress “ I know I have done so and so, but you can’t prove it!” Now, Ibeljeve nearly all the Union loving citizens of tho country want Congress to am putate the traitorous, diseased and con temptible big toe of tho nation. I heartily endorse every word of Mr. Ashley, although he was called to order by our beloved and patriotic Speaker, Mr. Colfax, who will not get out of order even when a leprous big toe Is thrust In his tyco almost daily in the shape of traitorous vetoes. I will not now Inrlher encroach upon your time, but must say, again, that this Government should remove the big toe. D. V. M. THE FARM AND GARDEN. Tlie Culture of tlio Polato-lts Com zmrefal Importance—Varieties, Stoll) aud Climate. [agricultural Correspondence of the Chicago Tnbnne.j Coastaion, 111., March IS, TUB POTATO CROP The potato crop, as an article of common use, Is of more Importance than is generally supposed. Its uncertainty from time to time gives it a peculiar importance In the rotation of market crops. The range of prices is the most remarkable. Seed planted costing a dollar and a half to two dollars a bushel may produce a crop worth twenty cents a bushel only, or even higher than two dollars. On the other hand, seed at twenty cents may produce a crop worth tho figures named above. So much is dependent on the soil, management, and season,, that it has become one of the most fickle of all the staple crops of the Northwest. In the years prccedingtho potato rot, the average yield was not less than two hundred bushels to the acre, and that without any extra effort. Tho crop was pleased with raw or well-rotted manure, newly cleared timber land, old meadows, or pasture turned up from long years ol rest, sandy plains, peaty swamps just drained, or heavy clays highly manured. Almost any where the crop was a certainty, and so uni form that It had no commercial value, be cause each locality produced a supply. Now the crop has change its habits, and become so uncertain that its planting is more on the gambling order than perhaps any other. This year‘Wisconsin may ship a thousand car loads, and next year be compelled to im port tho same quantity. So of Illinois, Michigan anfl other sister States. Added to this is the Nebraska potato bug (the ten lined *pcarman) y that has crossed the Mississippi, and commenced spreading over the State, with tho prospects of adding to the. accidents of the crop another drawback to its value. Wc shall doubtless feel the effects of this new enemy the pres ent season. Here is a new condition of things in the crop that must he studied, and, so far as pos sible, guarded against. This change has been making progress for the last twenty flve years, ana yet, with the continued in creased cost and uncertainty of the crop, its use and consequent demand hare made even greater progress In the other direction. Es peclally'has this been the cose throughout the Northwest, where the staple Iruits, such as the apple, have not been abundant. No one thinks of sitting down to breakfast or dinner without the potato, baked, boiled, roasted, mashed or hashed, on the table: flsh-halU and pot pies would be of little value without the ever present potato. The crop, therefore, has become a ncccisl* ty, and, if It is anywhere a failure, It must be supplied from some distant and more fortunotc point. Under these cir cumstances it Is very proper to inquire if we may not be able to make some change in the mode of culture, in the selection of soil, or in some other way to correct the present uncertainty of the crop, and place It ou a more certain foundation. In good seasons the average yield la the prairie districts may be pul at one hundred bushels as tho maximum, while iu poor seasons ten bushels may he set down as the minimum. TAnnnrrsJ. Since the beginning of the potato rot, we hear considerable said in relation to the hardiness of varieties, or their ability to withstand this lupous disease, denominated the potato rot. Nearly all of the old popu lar varieties have given' place to new ones, and the list is completely revised. Every year we have presented to us new seedlings, claimed to be more or less valuable. Singular as it may appear, in the more northern region, where this crop can be cul tivated to advantage, the late growing vari eties are the most valuable, while further south, say In central and in southern Illinois and Missouri, theg are the worst. There we must plant what is called the early sort, or those which mature in a short time. This would appear the mote remarkable wore it not for the long summer drouth aud hot snn that retard the growth of this plant. A moist mild climate, either near largo bodies oi water, or mountain sides, like its native home on the slopes of the Andes, are the ■most congenial, tho plant only growing and coming to maturity uuder such conditions ; hence, then the reason for the success of the quick maturing sort in more southern por tions. It Is true that in wet seasons in the same regions the late varieties produce remarkable crops, but, as this is the excep tion, not tbc rule, wo are warranted In adopting the plan of cultivating the early sorts. soil. In the timber region, a rather damp, mucky soil Is the best, next a light candy loam, and worst of all a heavy clay. In tho prairie, a well drained rather damp soil is the most de sirable. After we have selected the soil, we must consider its condition, whether it has beep a longtime under culture, newly broken firalric. meadow, or pasture laud. Shall the ana be highly manured, or shall it ho in its natural condition, are questions also to be answered. Coarse barnyard, or oven large - quantities ot well-rotted manure, whcc applied to the crop on land that has been a long time In cultivation, is generally conceded to be favorable to the rot. As the toll must be rich for this crop, and as the ap plication of manure directly to the crop is not desirable, wo must select a soil naturally rich. For early marketing this rule docs not ap ply to any great extent, for it Is not until alter the early planted potatoes have come to nearly or quite lull maturity that the dis ease begins to present itself. Either leave the cron in the ground, or put it in the cel lar, and It begins to decay ; while those planted at the same time on turf land, the second year, may be quite sound. So far experience has proved that early planting of early sorts on land in the above condition has given very uniform crop? for a long series of years, and is the safest rnle to follow. Rusal. Tlic Tariff <tucMfon. Pzonii, Ma-cb 11, 1800, To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: I have been much interested and instructed by the discussion of the taritfquestion In the Chicago and Peoria papers. I came Into the Republican party on the Whig side of the house, and my sympathies have been with the “protection” policy. But as one-third of our patty is derived from democratic sources I have not dtemed it wise or prudent to attempt to force upon that clement “more tariff” than they would voluntarily swallow. Still I was a “protective tariff” man In sent intent until very lately. The discussion of the question has forced mo, as it has thousands of others, to review my old opinions, and very seriously modify them. No candid man of moderate intelli gence cun help admitting that the following points have been established by the weight of the argument: 1. That the consumer of the imported goods pays the duty levied on them, and not the foreign manufacturer. 2. That the high er we raise the tariff the more we tax bur selves. 3. That an Increase of the taritF docs not stop the How ot foreign goods into th« country, and therefore does not increase the* market for home products, nor furnish any additional •employment to our laborers. (Some of my neighbors think that if the duties were raised to five or six hundred per cent that Imports might be checked ; but I tell them that the frauds and smuggling would then be worse than are now witnessed under the COO percent whiskey tax.) •1. That the effect of a high tarilf is to make all kinds of fabrics end wares dearer to the purchaser, and to so heighten the cost of everything we manufacture, that wo can sell few or none of onr goods In foreign markets with which to exchange for our imports, the consequence being that onr gold and bonds are carted ont of the country to pay for our imports, so that with each .addition to the taiiff the domestic manufacturer advances the price of bis wares to correspond with the new tariff, and of course no Inducement is held out to people to purchase home-made goods lu preference to foreign goods. I ob serve that the Transcript of this city under takes to dispute this proposition of yours, but It Is wrong and you are right on that point. The practical experience of every man and woman hear you out In It. The Im- Eulse of the home manufacturer to mark up Is goods after an increase of the tariff, is ns irresistible as the rush of air to fill a vacuum. The propelling motive that induces every man to sell his products for the most they will fetch, is what causes manufacturers to raise their prices equal to the addition of the tariff. An increase of duties removes the pressure of foreign competition for the instant and creates an opportunity to ask and exact more money for home-made goods, and human nature is never proof against such temptations. To say that the seller will not charge what he can get for his stuff is to afllrmthut ho will not accept its market price. There is no use lu any one disputing this self evident, universal, notorious truth, that the price of domestic goods Is in creased with each increase of the tariff. Now, these are the conclusions I have come to on this tariff controversy, and henceforth I shall oppose the Icvyingof any more duties than arc necessary for the support of the Government. lam entirely of the opinion that high tariffs arc injurious to the prosper ity ot the country ; that they do not protect home industry, and only benefit speculators who have stocks of goods on hand which they desire to get rliTof at more than the stuff Is worth; and what they gain by the operation the rest of tbe community must lose. I hope tbe Tribune will continue to enlighten tne people on this very important subject even at the risk of giving offence to some of its friends. ' I confess that 1 felt net tled and sore at your articles at first, and thought your arguments unsound ; hut step by step you broke through my old preju dices, and I am on your platform now for a revenue tariff sufficiently high for the sup port of the Government, but no higher, hold ing with you that a tariff is taxation and that that taxation cannot be protection. Tours, &c., * * * Wholesale murder* [Pails Correspondence (February 25) of the Lon don News.l . The assassin Lcmairc, who on December 20th murdered a laundress named Bainrillc, whom his father was about to marry, was brought to iho Assize Court of the Seine, to take his trial, to-day. The facts charged In tho indictment were all admitted by the prisoner with a cynical frankness almost un paralleled, and which caused a thrill of hoc ror in Court. Tho prisoner lived with fals father. In a house No. 10 Rue do Chartres, La Chapellc, Paris, which belongs to the latter in fee simple. Lemalrc. senior, is a locksmith, and his son assisted him In the business. lie was always an idle fellow, and when his mother died in 1805 he said, in an swer to some observations of bis father about the necessity of attending to business, that it would be easier now since there was one mouth less to feed. Last autumn, Lcmaire senior, though sixty years of age, determined to marry again. Ho proposed to and was ac cepted by Mme. Bainvillc, a laundress, who rented a set of'apartments in his house, where she lived with her daughter, a girl of seventeen, and a yonng apprentice. The inarrh.gc was fixed to take place on De cember 22d. On December 20th, young Le maire (aged nineteen), having ascertained that his father was gone cut to dine with a Irltnd, told Mme. Balnville that his father wanted to speak with her, and by that means induced her to accompany him to the rooms occupied by the Lemaircs. As soon as she got Inside he shut the outer door, and at* ; tempted to pass a rope round her neck, with which he intended to hang her tom strong nail, which he had already orlven Into the wall for the purpose. She resisted sufficiently to prevent him from fastening the rope, and thereupon betook a poinurd.also in readiness, and stabbed herin twcntyplaces, exclaiming repeatedly that although she would not be banged she should die all the same, and that he would slick her till the loss of blood car ried her otf. The screams of iLc unfortuaate woman alarmed the concierge and other In mates or the house. She contrived to stag ger to the door, which she opened, and then fell dead on the staircase, at the feet of the persons who came to her assistance. Tho murderer was secured immediately. He confessed before the Judge of Instruction, and repeated the confession on his trial, that bis intention was, after banging Mme. Bain ville, to get her daughter and apprentice successively into his room and dispose of them In the same way. He hoped to effect the three mnrders without noise. Then ho would Lave laid In wait for his father’s com ing home and murdered him. After that he would have taken all the money and valua bles In the two households and have gone off somewhere to have a great lark with the money. lie knew that he should be caught ultimately, hut was determined first to enjoy himself. He was sorry his plan had not suc ceeded. So far from having any repentance, he would try again If he had the opportuni ty, only he would manage better. THE CHIGNON HORROR. Startling Disclosures of tlio Number) the Voracity and the Violence of the Gregarines, tFrom the* New York World. March 13.] The startling discovery which science has made of the world of epizoa that inhabit tbe chignon— of their destructive tendencies, myriad number, and disgusting operations— has called forth another large batch of let ters to the World. W'e can only give a few this morning. Those wc priut exhibit the new phases m which this multifarious sub ject appeals to all classes of fashionable so ciety. 3the srMDER of anxaAniKZS a cniaxox. To tbc Editor of the World: 1 have caused my chignon to be carefully ex amined to see li lue gregannes were resident In It, as yonr article stated. Exposing a section of it to 350 decrees of dry heat, ray chemical'friend, Professor It. Ch*U*n, counted, Ihrouch bis micro scope, 1,127 parasitica on one half-inch of surface, ihe average length of each hair was twelve inches. Tfiia cave 27,038 ns tho number of pcdlcnli on just one hair. By a patient calculation 1 louna that the number of hairs which a niece of tape two inches lone will enclose, arc about 2,507. Tbii X obtained by laborious and careful counting. The le-ult multiplied by the average number of para sitica or. each hair, 27,038, gives the astonishing figures, 1011,431.210, os the estimate of the number of these horrible gregannes upon each section of the chignon Inclosed by two inches of tape. 1 was farther astounded by discovering that the hair of the cMqnou, carefully divided, re quired thirty pieces oftape, two Inches long, to inclose it in separate panicles. The thirty •pack age'*, estimating the gregarlncs in oue package as a fair average, furnishes the almost incompre hensible number of three billions, two hundred and eighty-two millions, nine hundred and thirty six thousand, four hundred and eighty epioza which every lady who wears one of these pur chased chignons r[ ordinary size, carries on the back of her held, (3,282,10*1.460). The inexorable truth of figures applied to the revelations of the micioscouc furnish Ibis astounding ru.-utt. Tho facts need no commentary, as they admit of no re futation. 1 need hardly add that, having, bad to destroy my chignon to obtain these results, 1 bare not jet bought another, and don't intend to. Yours, sincerely, , Madison avenue, March 10. A LIVE CIIIGNOJf. To the Editor of tte World: The other night, afler pulling up my “crimp?” I thought I would see It my chignon was “ alive,” os the iVorla stated. Accordingly, I placed It in a basin.and placed the (iron light under the ba sin, so as to bare the china gradually heated all

ibrungh. Cnlorlunatcly, I fell asleep soon alter, and didn't awake till luormcg, when I was aston ished to fled the light ‘'till burning In that posi tion. liccollccling, however, why it was. I wont to look for mv chignon, when, lo I and behold, tt wasn’t m the basin at ail, but there was die hor rid thing crotcilng all ov*r the floor, and teat ac tually moving aa fast as a jig tcal&t on the ceiling. 1 suppose the beat had aroused tho«e ns‘ty little gregarlncs into motion, and they bad moved along, carrying the chignon with them. I ran screaming out of the room, acd when 1 came back I couldn’t find the chignon anywhere. A little brotber saya he saw it crawling on the alley nave mem, and mat it went down the water-drain. It must Lave got out of the window somehow. 'Any way, I sha’n't have anything more to do with the awful things. Ain’t \hli horrid? Mast P—. AWFUL CASE OF PEDICULICLOZ. To the Editor of the World: Mj wife, Mina, and my daughters, Ellen and Florence, are in a terrible way, to consequence of the discovery that chignons arc infested with opl zoa. 'lbey had tbclrs examined, uud found it •'even so. But so cocetantly have they worn these appendages that, in some raoinotl of over heautg the gregannes have colonized in their oat mat hair. In consequence of this, they have all bud their beads dean shaven, and are now scud dtiig about aider bare polls, “not at home” to arjbody, and refusing to let me Imy wigs, for •hey won’t own up to having had all their cair : shaved oflT. I will merely add that they bad all their hair. thaMvhlch they grow, aud that which fhev bought, burnt up, so that tho cpizoa were thoroughly exterminated. I communicate these facts lor tbu warning of all who insist on wesrtng chignons. 'ins Head op the Faxilt, BASCULINX LIABILITY TO TUB OBEOABCIES. To the Editor of tbu World : My wifo having destroyed her chignon, insists that my head mast be infested with grecnrincs, because, forsooth I I wear a “scratch.” It’sridi culous, and I don’t believe & word of UI Tho London Press on tiie CXrlgnon llurror* The horrible discoveries of multitudinous grcgarlues In the hair of purchased chignons still excites the attention of the London papers. It is evident that there, as on this side of the Atlantic the vital question cre ates prolbnnd attention, and excites both alarm and scepticism. That it should a en tirely reasonable os the most natural things in the world for people to talk about arc what are all the time running through their heads. FASHION DEFIES QREOAIJINE3 AND DEFENDS CHIGNONS. {From the London Saturday Review.] The grcgarlues are possibly not animals at all, and may be a comparatively harmless though dlsgusllngvegetable formation. They arc not “epizoa,” and they never develop into pcdicull. in fact, pedicull are never found in dead hair. Then, again, arttflclal hair for the most part comes from France and Germany, and not from the “filthy Bur lakes.” However, wc need not dwell on this part of the subject. What the ladies will say ou the matter It is not easy to conjecture, it is not Improbable that they will stick to the chignons through good and evil report. They are not deterred by trilies from what they have once taken a fancy to, and if you want to confirm a woman in her attachment to anything, you have only to abuse it flf she only had a slight regard for It before, she will then love it with a positive enthusiasm which might be mistaken tor obstinacy, but which is simply a touch of gcuuioc female nature. English ladies are glorious martyrs to cus tom, and hare often before stood boldly up against the Innovations of science. If they once take it into their heads that chignons will aid them in procuring husbands, the imaginary gregarincs will be regarded as nothing. Chignons are classic and Parisian. Chigncns are borrowed directly from French dames, whose patrons are in the jockey clubs. Chignons derive a certain charm of innocent naughtiness from their very origin. Chignons enable ladies to appear on an equality with each other, whether nature has been scanty or profuse to thorn. Tbe chignon Is another weapon added to the cap tivating armory. Between dyes and chignon, pad*, and puffs, the figure and face will be Irresistibly prepared for conquest. Jf those embellishments are multiplied further, we shall arrive at a situation not dissimilar to that which is prophesied os the resuit of continued advances in the science of war. A time must come when nothing more can bs done; when Art shall be satis fied with her work upon the female model, and express her inability to Improve it by a single additional cushion. Then we shall have the millennium ot fashion, and perhaps a retnru to primitive simplicity. When the foices of attraction are on all sides equal, competition must cease. Chignons and con tours, when universal, must defeat their own object, just like long-shooting cannon aud Gieekflre. Some other novelty may then, of course, be started; but there may be an endjo the combinations of millinery, and chigconlsm cannot be inexhaustible. Per haps the costume of Dr. Walker may be that of the future. If our professions arc to be invaded, why not our garments? If we are left onr paletots In peace, how ver, wc may leave the ladles their chignons. A SWEET THING IN CHIGNONS. ' {From Puncb.l C ndc Teazle. Fanny. . Incic. Now, my dear Fanny, It Is your birthday. Let me sec, how old arc you? Not yet arrived at years of discretion, eh.? Well, my dear, here Is a little present for J'ou— a little scientific instrument. Scieuco is fashionable, you know. Here Is a micro scope, to study minute botany with—and entomology. Fanny, Oh thank you, uncle! Lnclc. Entomology; science of Insects, you know. Minute entomology; of insects not visible to the naked eye. Mites lu cheese, for instance. Fanny, Nasty, horrid things! Uncle. Well, if you like better, diminutive water insects; the water flea and tbe cyclclops—and such. But I suppose you would wish to eschew mites. 1 mean not cat them? Fanny. Oh, yes, Uncle I Unde. Then you should examine your cheese. W ilh this yon can. Other things also, besides cheese. There is cheese—and there are chignons. Fanny. “Chignons” and “ cheese ” sounds funny. Uncle. Yes, my dear. Alliteration. Bat cheese and chignons have more In common than Ch. However, yon think chignons arc ‘.‘the cheese,” eh? Fanny. They are the fashion. Uncle, dear. Uncle. Yes, they are the fashion. So were “fronts” in my young days. Both false hair. W ise ladies then wore it before; now they wear it . behind. The dandles of the dav used, as they said, to quiz it. Fanny. Quiz? Uncle. Yes. It was one of their slang words —derived from looking through an eye glass called a quizzing-glass. Meant to In spect, as It were, and ridicule. Now, their successors, the swells, quiz chignons. But you can quiz your chignon yourself—with your microscope. Fanny. Why should I, Uncle? Unde. To see if it contains any gregarines. Fanny. Grcgarines I Law, I should thlwk they were pretty. Uncle. No, my dear, they are parasites. Parasites of parasites. Fanny, Now, nonsense, Uncle. Z know what a parasite Is ; “ One who frequents rich tables, and cams his welcome by flat tery.”—Dr. Johnson. Unde. “The little fleas have other fleas, and smaller fleas to bile ’em. Those smaller fleas have lesser fleas ; and so on ad i/ytnf tom." Fleas are parasites. But gregarines are not fleas. Fanny. I should hope not. But whit ore they, then? Unde. “Little dark brown knots,” my love, which “are seen at the free end of the hair, and may even be distinguished by the naked eye. These are gregarines.” They are the discovery of a SCLindemann, a Rus sian professor, whose country has doubtless afforded him a fine field for observation la this branch of zoology. Fanny. Zoology, Uncle? Uncle. Yes, my dear. These little dark brown knots are not inanimate objects. Fanny. Ugh! Unde. They have a most Ignoble ancestry and habitation, being found In the interior of Fanny. What? Unde. Never mind. They are, as I said, parasites of parasites. “They are not easily destroyed. They resist the effects of drying and eyeu boiling.” Nothing, in short, but corrosive things that injure the hair will kill them. Fanny. Oh, the hornd things! Oh, the abominable, dreadful, disgusting, nasty creatures! Unde. According to M. Llndcmann, sev enty-six per cent of the false hair used for chignons in Russia is infested with them. Fanny. That’s enough, Uncle. Unde. In tho conditions of a ball-room, he says, they grow and multiply; fly about in millions, get inhaled, drop on the retresh* incuts—-In fact Fanny. Oh, Uncle, don’t say any more, please. Stand out of the way from the grate do. I wont wear the thing another moment. (Tears off her chignon.) Unde. Stay; wouldn’t vou like to examine it ? Fanny. No! There! {Flings it into the fire.) There’s an end of it! Lnde. And its inhabitants. Well done, Fanny! Let it blaze—with them. And now, by way of substitute for a chignon at your poll, to wear a chaplet, circlet, or what ever you call it, on your crown ; here, take this bank note. Now you will show that yon have a taste of your own, and leave gregarious young ladies to wear chignons with gregarines, {Scene Closes.) The fact that eighteen communications on the subject, occupying nearly two columns, were published in the London Telegraph of the 22d ultimo, shows at once how great an excitement the chignon expose has created there. We reproduce several of the com munications. Their substance Is highly sen sational, but they have every mark of can dor and sincerity. To the Edl’or of the Daily Telegraph: Sin: I don’t pretend to bo a naturalist, neither am I much given to inquire Into tbc nature and causes ot things through the meula of mlcruscoacs and artificial heat; but this Ml tell yon as a fact, that since the Introduction of these dtignon* by my daughters 1 hare been thoroughly annoyed all over tbo house with visitors whose appearance I can ascribe to no other cause. lam not attempt ing to nee fine language in this matter, bnc hope by employing that which may be understood to do away with this urieightly and filtby kind o! head dress. 1 am, sir, yours, &c. b. A. February 21. To the Edit* r of the Dally Telegraph: bin: Whatever ihe Insects may be which yonr coircspondent u Ivcstlgator” discovered In the dilgnon bo examined, I am qnite unable to Judge, bur wilt you allow me to relate what has Just oc cuired it my own family? My yonngesldaucbter recently purchased at a shop In this neighborhood a chlunon. which she had only worn tor about a week, when sbecz- Eoricnced such uncomfortable sensations in her cad that my wife Insisted upon examining it. She found tho poor girl was literally swarming with truly dreadful insects, and we all agreed that they could only bare been derived from the chig non, which was ruthlessly destroyed; and these false and dirty appendages have been banished from our household from that time. 1 am, sir, yours, <tc., Tnn Fatueb of a Pamilt. Bmxros-niBE. February 20. To the Editor of tby Daily Telegraph: Sik: Incited by your recent expose, my daugh ter (through a mfcrosc''De) stared at the mon sters In her chignon, which is now consigned to the flames in disgust. She naively remarked, “Less life outside, more sansc inside.” 1 trust many, indeed all, young ladies who think a clean head more ladylike than a head six inches thick will renounce tbla and kindred absurdities. 1 am. sir, yours, Ac. A Victim of Fashion. February 21. To the Editor of tho Doily Telegraph: Sui; The letter of jour correspondent “ Inves tigator.” relative lo the presence of gregarinea in the artificial chignon* has been the means of solv ing a problem that Las been troubling os for some tie e past. About «We months mv two daughters were unspeakably shocked "and surprised by the dis covery of pcdlculi In their lialr, 2 Q d these not in small numbers but actually la myriads. - 0 P.Ojr 1 * bie cause could be ascribed for this terrible visita tion. True, my daughters wore artificial chignons. but these were so far from being suspected that tUey W 4 re not even examined, 1 mean as being likely to have caused the appearance of these truly disgusting animals. In adopting remedial meas ures these were, of course, laid aside, and some farcy baring induced my daughters to wear their barfn a dlficrcnt style, they have not since been troubled. 1 need scarcely say that the example of •‘Sympathizer’s” wife has been followed In this ease, and Ibeohnoxloos chlgnona carefully burned. It moy scarcely seem credible, bat this unpleasant discovery baa sach an effect upon one of my daughters that It caused a severe attack of nervous fever, and ntterly prostrated her for nearly six weeks; indeed, at one period, her life was despaired of by the medical man in attend ance. 1 trust that the publicity given to this sahicct by your valuable Journal will utterly abolish the fashion, and leave us free from unpleasant appre hension. X am, sir, youra. £c., Fe bruary 21. Paterfamilias. VIRGINIA. Tire Progress of Uccontrtrnctlon, [TUchmond Correspondence (March 11) of the New York Herald. J The Senate of Virginia to-day adopted the following preamble and resolution offered by Mr. .Keene, the Senator from Pittsylvania: Wijiceas, The Senate of Virginia, on the 7th day of March, 2857, did pass’ an act providing for a Convention ot Delegates, to be elected by the people, to frame a Constitution of Government in conformity to the provisions of ac act to provide o more efficient government lor the rebel States; and. WnmzAß, Pending the action of Congress upon the subject, doubts are entertained by mcmb.-rs ot the General Assembly whether the Convention Bill will be accepted by Congress ad a legal and rlghiful mode under the provisions of said lew, lor organizing and framing a Conetimtion ot Gov* eminent lor ihe people of this State; be it, there* fore, Retolted, That a committee of flvo members on the part of this Senate be appointed to proceed at oncti to the city of Washington, to center with the Govemmrnt on the subject now nuder con fiderallcn by the General Assembly or Virginia, and report to this body the result of such con ference. Ssnsz. The vote upon the adoption of the preamble and resolution was: Yeas, l‘J ; nays, S. The following is the committee appointed: Metsrs. E. F. Keene, of Pittsylvania; Robert Cult', of Richmond ; George W. Bolling, of Pe tersburg ; John 11. Lee. of Oran?c, and Al'-ernon H. Gray, of Rockingham. The committee proceed to-nlehi to Washington. Ibe supplemental bill on the subject of recon struction, and the foresbadowlngs of Mr. dum ner’s resolutions, arc Inspiring considerable ter ror here. Bitter regrets are universally expressed al Hie oversight of the Legislature in refusing to ratify the Constitutional Amendments. All the evils that the people are now deploring are at tributed to the Impolitic action of the Legislature m (hat connection. Ihe Richmond -Enquirer of March 11 nub lishes a letter, which it says “Is from the pen of one of the most prominent citizens oi the Commonwealth,” suggesting to the State Legislature, as a substitute for the proposition to call a Convention under the Reconstruction Bill, the following: itetolred by the General Assembly of Virginia, That iheioilowingbe submitted to the Congress of the United fatales and the Southern State?, with tbe recommendation they be adopter as amendments to tbe Constitution: 1. Tbe Unlou Is restored, and, based upon just ice and equal laws, shall be perpetual. 2. if any Mate shall attempt to recede from tbo Union itsbali forfeit its political rights and organ ization and be reduced to the condition of a Ter ritory. and its citizens who tako part in (be at tempt shall be deemed to be guilty of treason, and liable, upon conviction, to be pnnlshed with death and confiscation of all tbclr property, unless Congress shall by law prescribe other punishment. <t. Snfirage shall be equal tbruag&ont tbe Union, and every men of sound mind, twenty-one years of age, who has not been convicted of on infa mous crime—the penalty of which-shall be dis qualification to vote—can sign bis name and read tne Constitution and laws, and is worth $->3O, shall be entitled to vote In the State in which he has been domiciled for a year. 4. Representation in the House of Representa tives shall be based upon equal suffrage. The writer believes that to these proposi tions “the Conservatives throughout the land will rally.” The Richmond Examiner of March 11, speaking of the new hill of Senator Wilson amerdatory and explanatory of the Sherman Reconstruction Bill, says: We ball, then. wl'h unaffected pleasure Ibc bill of tbe chairman ofthe Senate Committee on Mil itary Afhnrs, which, through the kindness of Sen ator Wilson, wo publish this morning. This provides that (tic Military Commandants m each State shall Inaugurate this measure, un ites when. In (be opinion of either of them, the matter bad better be left to the Governor of the State; and It provides, moreover, for registra tion—the absence of which was a serious defect of the act. We learn from tbe highest authority that the supplementary bill has received the approval of tbe senate Judiciary Commit'ce, to which it was referred, and of hbe House committee likewise, and there is cvcty reason to suppose that it will pass this week. BREACH OF PROMISE. A WcalUiy iudlanapollH Lawyer Sued far $50,000. [lndianapolis Correspondence (March?,) of the Now York Herald.] The fashionable 'world and society in gen* oral bare for a few days been intensely exci ted over a little case of breach of promise of marriage. The legal title of thesuitisßcam vs. Walpole. Probably no other event ever created so much talk among the females of Indianapolis as this suit, which threatens to become ns notorious as the famous case of “Bardcll rs. Pickwick,*’ and will probably fill the law books with countless precedents for futuregencrations. From the Highest to the lowest all arc talking about 'it. The plaintiff, Miss Laura Ream, is a maiden lady of some forty years. For a number of years she has resided with arelatlve here, has moved in good society, and being somewhat talented and withal amiable has gained many friends. So far as outward appearances arc concerned she is not beautiful, and the de fendant certainly never admired her on ac conut of her personal charms. I have said that she Is somewhat talented. She has fre quently read essays before private literary societies which were mnch above the ave rage, and were received by the audiences with great applause. She has also written poetry, or more properly verses, for the pa pers, and rumor has it that occasionally she has dismounted from her Pegasus and de scending into more sober regions has indicted editorials—heavy leaders—for a certain par ticular friend of her’s formerly. connected with the press. • The /air Laura estimates the damage done to her heart, reputation and worldly Interests at the small sum of $30,000, and to prosecute her claim has em ployed the best legal talent la the city. Prominent among her counsel are Senator A. Hendricks and Mr. A. G. Porter, late Member of Congress from this district. The defendant, Mr. Robert L. Walpole, Is a lawyer of ability, and, I might add, noto riety. lie has resided here nearly all his life, has amassed a handsome fortune, and, as far as family affairs arc concerned, has always been regarded os an excellent man.: lie is about lEfly years old, bos never been married, in person is of aldermaolc propor tions, with a large head and scarlet face, with a lond voice and domineering tone, well calculated to browbeat a witness or to* exact a fee from an unwilling client. In politics ho ia a Democrat or the stralghleat sect, and In ISCO made an ansae cessfal race for Congress against A. G. Porter, one of the opposing coun sel. Until lately he has had a larger prac tlce than any three lawyers in the city, bat he has now almost retired from business, and will probably concentrate his remaining energies, ability and vitality for one grand coup de main, by which the enemy shall be vanquished and put to flight, horse, foot and diogoors. The trial will not come off before May, and, as usual, rich developments are expect* ed. which will probably be the case; for Walpole is not the man to compromise a salt in any manner, let alone one that would take money out of bis pocket. I bad forgotten to mention that, according to the complaint, the parties had been engaged since June, 1862, and that Miss Ream had, on several occasions, prepared for the wedding by pur chasing suitable Query to adorn the hand some residence of her expected lord. A TERRIBLE TRAGEDY. Attack od a Farm llonscby Voting Hod with BiacUeued Faccs-Ouo of them Sliot—Singular History of a Family Quarrel, lEvan’s Cenlre (N. Y.) Correspondence (March l*i) of the Buffalo Express. March 11 j The usual qnlel of this little village was broken this morning by rumors that a terri ble tiagedy had occurred the night before, and as the newsjgpeadjthe most Intense ex citement was created. As the circumstances are developed the affair becomes one of the most singular dramas every played in a re* tirfd country town. * For many years two families occupying a respectable position have resided here, one named Dole, the other Wright. At the present time Mr. Dole’s family consists ot "himself, an old man, his wife, two sous, Joseph and Francis, formerly of Albion. Mrs. Wright Is a widow, having tw o children, Eunice and Charles S., the latter a young roan of eighteen, employed on tbe Lake Shore Railroad, and universally kuown as a young man of laborious and steady habits, and the only support of his widowed mother. He was brought to this mother’s Loose dead at six o’clock this morning. Two years since Joseph Dole married Eu nice Wright, and from this union has come the terrible affair of last night. Fora long time the pair have been the theme of un laillng gossip in this vicinity. They seldom lived together, Dole at timcsvisitingbU wife at her mother’s house, and she, now and then, staying at his lather’s house for a few days. A little over a year ago a child was horn, and since then the conduct of Joseph has been considered by the neighbors to be very singular. He utterly refused to sup port his wife and child, and popular indigna tion has been widely aroused at his coarse. At last it was announced that tbe Doles hud bought a farm near Warsaw, and were about to remove thither. Meanwhile, Jo seph’s wife, seeing no hope of support from her husband, and desiring to bring tbe mat ter before a legal tribunal, threw herself up on the Superintendent of the Poor, who brought an action to compel Dole to support her properly. The trial came off before Jus tice Josiah Southwick last night, when Joseph was ordered to pay SIOJ for the care of the child lor a year. As a bar to the de maud of his wile Dole exhibited a bill of divorce which he had ju«t obtained from a Court in Elkhart County, Indiana. The announcement fil cd the friends of his wife with astonishment. They bad had no notice of such proceedings, and were indig nant at the course of Dole, and it is evident that the people of the village very generally sympathize with them. The moment the trial was over, Joseph Dole aud his father’s family started to leave the court room, the former .being materially assisted down stairs, it Is said, by Charles Wright, bat the parties did not come near enougu lur any se rious rencontre, and tho Doles speedily made their way home. A sort cf impromptu Indignation meet ing seems to have been held, lor somewhat later in the night a crowd of thirty or forty men and boys collected in front of Dole’s house with the avowed determination of “putting him through,” in revenge for his treatment of his wife. They did not gain access to the house, and separated, but the mischief did not cud there. Towards three o’clock In the morning a party of young men, numbering perhaps a dozen, with blackened faces and otherwise disguised,aroused the family, who, with diffi culty, had at last tonnd sleep. It is alleged that they threatened to tear down the house if Joseph was not given up to them. How ever this may he, their avowed intention was to take him out aud give him a coat of tor and feathers or otherwise punish him. About tulcC jbalf a dozen of them ; Succeeded in making an entrance by break ing in the door of an outer room, and made their way to the apartment where the offend ing husband was supposed to be sleeping. Two of the party entered an adjoining bed room, which on this occasion was occupied by Mr. Irish, a lawyer employed on the trial of the previous evening, and who Lad deter mined to spend tho night at his client's house. A struggle ensued. In which Mr. Irish’s head was thrust against a window with such violence as to break the sash. In the meantime old Hr. Dole had become encaced with three or lour more of the as sailants, who in tbe dark were anable to find Joseph, he being hid In a closet of an ad joining room. At this juncture Frank Dole, a boy ofseventeen, hearing tho cries, seized a double-barrelled shot gun. and rushed to the door of the room la which his father was engaged. The weapon, he says, was Instant ly wrested from his hand, he cannot tell by whom. He made his way through tbe com batants and up stairs, A moment later he heard a report, and looking out of the window saw the party run Irom the house and col lect at the gate. In abont ten mlnntcs, according to the story of Frank, Mr. Isaac West, the hotel keeper, enteied and asked who was shot. His lace was blackened at the time. A light was procured, and on entering the middle room Charles Wright was found lying on the floor in a dying condition. A physician was summoned, but the young man was dead without having given utterance to any coherent expression. He lay there till six o’clock this morning, when he was taken home, the appearance of bis dead body being the first announcement to his heart broken mother and sister, of tbe terrible tragedy. The Doles insist that, however much they might have been justified in proceeding to extremities, none of the family fired the fa tal shot, and claim that some of the assail ing party, either by accident or mistake, caused the death of their companion. That some of the young men had been drinking during the night there can be no donbf, how much and with what result will prob ably be made known by the Coroner’s in vestigation. Small Pox and Vaccination, [Paris Correspondence of the New York Times.] It is well for the public to be informed on the subject of small-pox and vaccination, for many errors prevail which ought to be cor rected. Dr. Danct, charged by tbe Minister ol the Interior to make investigations, on the subject and to report to the Academy of Medicibe the result of his investigations, after vaccinating 5,500 persons and forty ani mals, ard after an extensive observation run ning through several years, has jmt reported os follows to the Academy: 1. Small-pox and cow-pox are two distinct diseases. a. Vaccination does not* predispose to other maladies. 3. Vaccination and smafl-pox lose after a certain time their power ot preserving from small-pox. 4. Vaccine matter, therefore, no matter what may be the mode ol preserving It, has cccd of be in? renewed. 5. The predisposition to small-pox is so much ihe greater as tbe individual is younger or more aged C. Re-vaccinalton is of an absolute necessity. 7. Those even who have had the small-pox ought to be re-vacclnated. 6. Vaccine matter in passing through tbe human body borrows from It Us constitutional princi ples : it may. therefore, often be dangerous to vaccinate with vaccina mailer from arm to arm. [The Academy of Medicine bad already decided ihat so far at least a : regarded syphilitic atfectlou it wss only dangerous when blood was contained in the matter.) 0. Tbe cow is refractory to Ihe syphilitic virus. 10. The revacclnatlon from the cow to man is the only one which presents oil the guarantees of suc cess and of security. 11. a febrile condition Is in general a cause of failure. 12 lijcctlon, for preserved vaccine matter, and the multiplicity of sacrifications, In general, are the best means of success. 13. Preserved vaccine matter onght to be revivi fied bytrauf plantation to tbo heifer. 14. vaccine matter ongbt not to be used but from the lonrtb to tbo end of tbe sixth day after the operation, and never later. On 8.505 persons of all q-cs vaccinated; it took on 2,69 o—that Is to say, on thirty-three per cent, of •which forty per cent for the vaccine matter from the heifer, and twenty eight per cent the formatter passed from arm to arm. mad Cato. {From the Detroit Post, March 9.] For the past week the city ami county has been rabid with rumors ol mad dogs. hydro phobia. occasional deaths and smotherings. Mongrel canines hare met with premature deaths, and snarling curs gone to that bourne Dorn whence no dog returns. The gambols of many an innocent poodle hare been cut short by a deadly bullet under the suspicion that his antics were the premon itory symptoms ot rabies. Bat the alliiction .has, until yesterday, been confined to this class of the animal kingdom. About 2 o’clock in the afternoon a cat belonging to Mr. P. Holden, who livps on Thompson street, was observed totet strangely. Hercaf-erwouliDg first attracted tbe attention of Mrs. Holden, who was startled on observing her fierce looks, and the oozing ot froth from her jaws. While watching the feline it sudden ly occurred to her that the cat was mad, and she immediately started to leave the room. She had scarcely turned, however, before the cat gave a sudden bound from the fioor to the mantle-piece, to which she clang with her claws until the paroxysm was over, when she fell to the floor in convulsions, and was soon despatched. Mrs. Holden says that about a fortnight before the cat was worried by a strange dog on tbe street, and she has now no donbt but that the dog was atUicted with hydrophobia. Another Atlantic Cable. [From the New York Herald, March O.j We understand that negotiations have been on foot for some time on the part of the Em peror Napoleon, with certain parties In this country, with the sanction of ourGoveru ment,to lay an Atlantic Cable between Brest and New York. We have reason to believe, from tbe best authority, that the Emperor is not only most favorably disposed to the enterprise, hut that he is willing to give all hu Influence to encourage the capitalists throughout France to embark in It, con jointly with the moneyed mcnof New York, such as A. T. Stewart, William. B. Astor, Commodore Vanderbilt,Marshall 0. Roberts, and others on this side of the Atlantic. By the establishment of a cable to France wc will have an opportunity of obtaining correct views of the state of affairs In Europe gene rally, instead of being deluded, as we now arc,” by the garbled news which reaches us through England and Ihe English cable. Hod. E. B. Waalibarne. “Carleton,” of the Boston Journal, writing from Paris by the last steamer says : ** “ Mr. E. B. Wnshburne, of Illinois, ia here receiving medical treatment. Like many other Americans now on this side of the At lantic he is broken down from hard work. He hopes that rest and relaxation from the cares and anxieties of public life will soon restore an over-worked organism. He U liv ing very quietly and avoiding all excjto; meat.,” THE NEW CUT CHARTER. Complete Copy of the Recem Amendments. Important Changes in tho municipal Laws. Officers—Their Salaries, Powers and Duties. The Board of Public Works—The Present Incumbents to Vacate Their Office April 1,1587-- The Yew Board and its Functions. Eight Municipal Assessment Dis tricts, With a Tax Commis sioner and Assesssors. The Board of Fire and Po lice Commis sioners—Salary $3,500 in Underwriter to be a Mem ber of tbe Board. Power and Duties of tbe Hew Board of Health. A Complete Reorganization of the City Government. The City Clerk, A. H. Bodman, Esq., ar rived in Chicago yesterday, having satisfac torily performed the duties of his mission to Springfield. He brought with him a certi fied copy of the City Charter, which we present to onr readers entire. Our readers will need no other assurance of the fact that the rumor published yesterday to the effect that tbe Charter had been irrecoverably lost, was without loundation. The changes are numerous, both from the former charter and from that published in the Tribune heretofore as proposed by the Common Council. It will repay perusal. AN ACT Supplementary to “An Act to reduce the Charter or tbe City ol Chicago, aid the several acts amendatory tbtreoi, Into one act, and to revise the same,” approved February J 3,1561, and the several amendments thereto. Be U enacted by the People of the S'a’e of Illinois, represented in. General Assembly : CHAPTER I.—ASSESSMENTS, TAX COMMIS- SIGNERS, ETC. Section 1. The Mayor shall, on the first Mon day or March, A. D. 1567, cr as soon thereafter as practicable, and quadrennially thereafter, ap ,point, by and wiib the advice and consent of ‘the Common Conrcil. a Comiat-esioner of Taxes, who shall have been a resident ot the city/or three ytars, and a freeholder m said city for at least one year prior to bis appointment. Said < ommia sloncr shall take and subscribe an oaUt of office, and shall enter into a bond n the penal sum of ten thousand dollars, with twcF or more sureties to be approved by the Mayor, for tho faithful per formance of his official duties. The salary of said Commissioner shall be annually fixed m the appropiiatton bill by the Common Council. - sec. S. The CommL-eiouer first appointed shall, immediately after his qualification, proceed to divide said city into as many and such con vet lent assessment districts, not exceeding eight, as he shall deem expedient, which snail be kxovtnand designated numerically; Provi'led, however, in making such district?, regard shrill be bad to the naluial divisions of said city: and Prowled, further , that such division of said city mto districts shall be submitted to, and be sub-, ject to the approval of the Common Council: and Podded, further , that such districting shall only be subject to modification or alteration by a vote of iLree-fonribs of tbe Aldermen elected, each vole to be token by nays, and cater ed on the records ol the Council. Sic. 3. Said Commissioner shall keep in suita ble books to oe provided lor that purpose, a record of ail Information which he may oe able to obtain in respect to the taxable property aud per sons liable totaxauon la said city, and all changes in the ownership of real estate In said city, of winch be can obtain Information. He shall bare pow<r to appoint suitable persons fts clerks Ifi said office, the number to be limited and salaries fixed by the Common Council, whoso business It shall be under bis direction to make and from time to time to amend and correct the record of the properly in the office of said Com missioner, both as regards the ownership and extent of such property, by a dai>y examination or maps and conveyances which efaati be left for record in the office of the Record er of Cook County, and also ail maps in the office ofthe Board ofPnbllc Works, which exami nation he shall be entitled to make free of all charges whatsoever daring office hours. Sec. 4. The Common Connell shall, on the first Monday ol March, A. D. ISC7, or within thirty days from said time, and biennially thereafter, appoint by ballot one Assessor for each division efihe city, who shall bea freeholder In said di vision, and have resided therein at least one year preceding hla appointment. The said Commis sioner of Taxes, end the said Assessors, shall conetltnte the *' Board ot Assessors.” tbe said Commissioner being ex-ojfdo President of said Bosid. Sec. 5. Said Assessors so appointed shall take and subscribe an ostb of office, and shail enter in to bonds in tbe penal sum ot five tnouaar.d dot iars, with two or more sureties, to be app-oved by the Mayor, for the fai hftti performance ol their Buttes. Tbe Commissioner of Taxes is hereby authorized to administer anyoain required to be taken by (Me act or by any lawof this State. The said Assessors are also hereby severally au thorized to administer any oath required oy this oct.orbythe revenue or assessment laws of the Mate. Sec. 0. The Assessors shall, as soon after the first Monday of Alar, in each year, as may be, un der tbe direction and supervision of the Commis sioner of Taxes, prcceea to examine and deter mine the valuation of the taxable real and person al estate In their respective districts. Schedules of all taxable real estate In the several districts shall be furnished by tbe Commissioner of Taxes (o aid them In the pertormanca of their duties, upon which they shall enter their valuations.'Said Commissioner. In miking out raid schedules, mar take as h's guide the assessment! si nr Collector's booE ot the previous year, and the list of subse quent conveyances, and snub other data as he can find to make them as i.early correct as possible. Said appraisal, together with their appraisal ..fall the personal estaie taxable In said city, shall be completed and filed in the office of said Commis sioner on or before tbe first Monday of August, In cacb year, unless inrtber time shall be granted by tbe common Council. Sec. 7. Said Assessors shall not In any case as sess laxatK real or personal estate any less th-u its real or true value, as defined by tbe State Jtcr et.ne Laws. All persoral property of every na ture and kind, bavins its atlas I nius within the city, shall be assessed for municipal purposes, in tbe district where the same may be found, whether the owner resides In the city or cot; this provision to extend to and include the proportion of rolling stock ofjall such railroad or railway companies as rnn cars or trains Into the city, by lease of road-bed or track, or by contract orsnasgcinentwithony other railway company or corporation. Such proportion to be ascer tained and apportioned in accordance with the statutes regulating the assessment of the rolling stock of such companies the same os Plough anch company owned the track or road-bed. Szc. 8. Tbe Assessors of tbe several districts shall bo furnished with the necessair clanks to take a list of taxa.le property in their several divisions, by the Commissioner of Taxes. They tball call at the office, place of business or resi dence ot each person required by law to list bis property, and at tbe office of every incorporated company, and require snch person, or the Presi dent, Cashier, Treasurer, Secretary or other officer ot suen incorporated company, to make a correct statement of his or its taxable property, in accordance with tbe provisions of law; and the person listing the property shall enter a true and correct statement of snch property, and the value thereof, In a printed or written blank, prepared lor that purpose, which statement, after being filled ont, shall be signed by (be person listing the property, and shall aUo be verified by his oath or affidavit. Sec. 9. In every case where any person shall neglect or refuse to make ont and deliver to the Assessor tbe ststcmentreqnlred by this act, or by the revenue laws of the State, verified by oath or affirmation, in addition to tbe penalties in snch cose provided by snch laws, the Common Council ot said city mar provide snch other and further penalties as wilt secure compliance. Seo. 10. In every case where any person or offi cer of a corporation, whose dnly ft Is to list any personal property, moneys, credits, investments In bonds, stocks. Joint stock companies or other wise, or any property of a personal nature liable to assessment for taxation, shall have refused or neglected to listlhe same when called on for that purpose bv ihe Assessor, or to take and subscribe an oath or affirmation in regard ca tbe truth of his statement, required to be made as aforesaid, or by any law of the Scale, when re quired by tbe Assessor, the Assessor shall enter opposite the name of snch person in an appropriate column, “reluscd to Ust,” or “re fused to swear;*' and in every case where anv person rcqnired to list property lor taxation shall pave been absent, or enable from sickness to list tlffi same, the Assessor shall enter opposite the name of snch person. In on appropriate column, Ibe word “absent" or “sick." When he As sessors shall have completed the assessment of the taxable real and personal estaie of said city, they shall file the same In the office of the Com missioner of Taxes, and fix upon a day for the bearing of objections thereto, and the said Com mlsiloncr shall give notice of the time and place ofeneb beams t>y six days' publication tacreof in the coipoiauoti newspaper. Anv person .feel ing aggrieved by tbe assessment of his property, may appear at Ibe time specified and make ms ob jeciions. Szc. 11. Tbe said Assessors, together with the Commissioner of luxes, constituting the Board of Aescssdts, shall meet at the time and place desig nated, to revise and comet their assessments. They shall bear and consider oil objections which may be nladc, and ahall have power to make all proper corrections and supply omissions iu (bo assessments, and for the purpose of equalizing tbe fame, to alter, add to, lake from, and otherwise correct and revise tbe same. They shall continue in session daring the business boars of each and every secular day for tbe period of twenty successive days. Ihenaltcrno change, amendment, abatement or alteration shall ho made, nor shall any tax or por tion thereof be refunded. A majority of said Board shall constitute a quorum. Sec. 33. When said revision shall have been completed, tbe Commiaslon-r of Tares shall en ter, in one or more boohs to be prepared for purpose, a complete list of all the taxable real estate in said city, according to the schedules as returned and revised by the Board ot Assessors, showing in a proper column, ;o be ruled fur that purpose, tbe names of tbe diflerent owners, so for as known to the said Assessors; and In another column, tbe amount of tbe valuationmade in A»i»b case. Ss!d|boole shall also have ruled therein an appropriate column for extending or Inserting the amountof the tax which may helevlcd on said property. Paid book or books shall together con stitute the fax list of real estate for such year The Commissioner of Taxes shall also cuter la another book or books, to be prepared for that purpose, a complete list of the taxable personal estate.in said city, as returned and revised by the Assessors, showing In tho-proper column the tames of the diuertnt persons whose property has Lien assessed, and in o ber columns the valua tions made by tbe Assessors. Said books shall also have ruled therein, on appropriate column for extending or inserting the taxes which mar be levied thereon. Said "book shall constitute the persons! tax list for such rear. The Commissoser of Taxes shall add np tho valuations in each list, and tne aggregate amount thereof shall be entered by him at the foot of the appropriate cot umn on the last When said tax liss shall have been so compTclsd they shall be signed by said Aeserscrs, or a majority of them, ami the Tax Commissioner, after having been ascertained to be correct, and Jett m tbe custody of said Com missioner of Taxes, and shall conantue the onls record to be referred to In any ease m which their said assessments may be drawn In question. bre 13 The common Cornell shall thereupon, bv an ord’lnanco or resolution. Icvr such sum or rums of money as mav he sufficient for the sev eral tmrposcJ for which taxes are herein author ized To be levied, (not exceeding the authorized per emtage), particularly specifying the purposes fur which the eamo are Jevitd. Szc. 14. It shall be the duty of the Commis sioner of Taxes to estimalelhe several taxes levied by the Common Council, computing them to gether as one tax, audio lnr,«athe total amount of such taxes In tbe appropriate column ollhe several Ux Hats, opposite to the person or prop SJJt ebargtabie therewith. When completed, fh a ax Ccmmlffiomr shall attach to each of said fa I * arr, °* tobestan.-dby theMryer, Cotni Ta* Comml/sioter. and the Clt h^M ball afflx *he corporate seal and counici JV*® 6 * directed to the Collector, com VJS Pi 11 ?. 10 111 *ke. levy and collect, S 3 lh. l^rt 8 «« 0 #- r D i? e ? y< L ar ’ Ulu several soma of muse' and personal estate o persons la esla tax ii s ts nenuoned or descried of hie respective ovr-u ; «Wh warran: erall also designate the names aad rales of th several taxes u clndcd therein. i-ic. 13. >ald tax lists, with the warrants at lacked, stall be delivered to :hc Colloc-or by th ComptruJler.asheretofore, *ho shall mall lain* proceed as row required by law. Stc. 16. Every person wh*» shall bo gn lty o wllfnl and corrupt fa'sesweariug or flOwnm -u lakJsg any oath required by tils chapter, *;alf b, deemed entity of wilful and coimp; petjory, ant shall be punished accordingly. Jrro. 17. The Common Council. In order to rsa cdy any tmforseen defect or umissicn, shall hav the pov er at anv time, upon the lecotnmen lattot of the Commissioner of Taxes, i-y ordinance, t so modify or aad to the reqouemrr.i. of this chapter, as to perfect the assess meats to he made in said city for mtuacun purposes: Provii'd, however, that uo such nuiii fication or addition stall be mad** unless at a reg nlar mitring, alter due publication thereof, act then only by stoic of two-iblrdsofthe Aldrrmc i elected, said vote to be taken by ayes and tecs and entered on ibo minute-* of the Council; ant In case the same is vetoed by the Mayor, it *ha! rcqnin- three-fourth? of the Aldermen elected it piss the same over such veto. The Board of Assessors hereby created slul perform all the duties la relation to assec-du. Eroperty. lor the purpose of levying taxes impo-e? y the Common Council. The Assessors, In Pit performai.ee of thtlr duties, shall have the sarat powers, and be subject to the same liabilities, a: are or may be given bylaw to Town Assessors unless otherwise provided in this chapter. The btalelaws lor the assessment of all taxable real and personal property now in force, or that may hereafter bo adopted, unless in comlicf with this chapter, or the acid to which this issc men, shall apply and govern m making n. pal assessments, A Szc. IS. Personal property shall be listed for municipal purposes, with reference to the quae tliyoo baud and owned on the first day of April m the year for which the property Is required to be the property purchased on that day. Sec. 19. When any person shall commence merchandizing In said city after the first day ot April in any year, the average value of whose personal property tmplojccf In mercbandtri.ig shall not have been previously entered on the As sessor's list tor taxa'lon in said city, it shall he the duty of such person to matte out a sworn statement of the probable average value of die personal property by him intended to be em ployed' fit such business, un 11 the first Bay of April thereafter, and deliver the same to the Tax Commissioner, who shall enter the same on the tax list of th<> proper division or district, and shall pay to the l ollec’or of said city a sum which shall bear the same proportion to the levy for all purposes on the average value so mu Joyed, as the time from toe dav on winch he shall commence merchaneixing aforu-ad to the first day of April next succeeding shall bear to out year Sec. 2ii. When any person, firm or corpora tion, shall commerce or engage m the ha-iai’a of insurance, banking, dealing In stocks of any description, or in boring or selling any kind of bills of exchange, checks, drafts, bank not -a, promissory uotes, or other kind ol writing obli gatory, or m any o'her business whatever, after the first day of April In any year, the average value of whose personal properly so emp’OTcd In such bueincst shall not have been so entered on the Assessor's list for taxation m said city. It shall be the duty of each person, or firm, or such corporation, by Its Pr-.sident, >ecretary, or principal accounting officer, to make a sworn statement, and deliver the same «o the Tax Commissioner, giving ful!v the probable average value of the property by’him, them or 51 intended to be empln ed Ic such bi-n --nrss nmtl the first day of Apru thereafter, which amount shall be en'ered on the tax liar, and the lax collected a* in other cares. t-sc. SI. Should auy person, firm or co:po:a- Uon, fril or reglcct to make sworn ettlemrntv of their properly as rvqrired by the t*o preceding sections, and report thi-iame to the Tax Cutmni<- eloners. It snail be the duty of the Asr-c-'sors to assess thsm as tncreln wur.ired, ns r.«arty as may be, adding thereto ten per emt id adtli'loi to the existing pror.eiona cf law. Ssc.Se. Ifnny real or personal proper'? shall have been berciotore. or r.fcall hereafter be mulled in the assessment or on which the etty for any cause rba'l ha\c rai’ed to cull-ct the rax of any year or number of yiars, thr. same wh<-n oiacover ed or ascertained shall ice Assc-or fur ibe time being and plact-d on the list with the an ea ages of tax that sboul.t have been assessed with six per rent interest thereon, fremthe time the same oucht to have b.cnpaid. CHAPTER If.—BOARD OFPUBLIC WORKS. Section 1. The Board of Public Works shall consist of three Commissioner?, who shall be jp pomtedon or before the orst Monday of Apnl next by the Mayor of the C ity of Chicago, with the advice aca consent of the Common Council* one from the Son* b, one from the West and one tiom the biorth Divisions of said city, each of whom stall have been a resident of saJo city at leastthrccjearsaida resident freeholder In the division of said city, lor which be is appointed, at one veor immcdla'elr pitcedu.g such ap pointment. Said Commissioners when appointed, shall bold ihetr offices for the term of years fol lowing; The one for the South Division of said city for six years; the one for the West Division of said chy, for font years; the one for the North Division of said city, for two years, snd until the appointment and qualification of their successors. Ibc tcim ol oxhec of ope Commissioner of said Board aboil expire every second year, so that one Commtrriocer of said Board shall be appointed every itecoad year, from the division of the cUy In which the Commissioner resides whose term of ofDce expires; such ap pointment being for the full term of six Tears, bbould a vacancy occur it shall be filled by ap pointment by the Mayor, with the consent and advice of the Common Council for the on expired term. Ssc. 2. All acta or parts of acts no * in force, re lating to the Board of Public Works as now con stituted, not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are continued in force and shall apply to the Board of Public Works as provided for in ibis act, and all the powers and duties conferred therein on the present Board shall be. and are hereby, conferred upon the Board of Public Works as provided for by this act; and all acts or parts of acta inconsistent herewrh shall be re pealed from and after (he first Monday of April, A. D. l£b7. and all such nets or parts of acts io be continued in foil force ana etfect until said oate. The terms of odlce of toe present Board of Public Works shall expire on said day. or so soon as their suc cessors are appointed and qualified otter such date. The salary ofiho Board of Public Works, as provided for In ibis act. shall bo not less than three thousand dollars annually, to be fixed by the Common coned’. Sec. a. The Board of Public Works of said city, Icaodlnonlothe power hereinbefore coaierrcd, are hereby authorized, horn time lo time, as it shall he deemedhy them for the interest of raid citv so to proceed, to advertise for proposals for the construction or recoastrrr.Uon. or relaying of all or any portion of the stdewalka which may oe required to be constructed or reconstructed, or re laid during ibe whole or any part of the munici pal fiscal y>ar in which such proposals arc re ceived, according as the same shsll bo ordered by the Ccmmcn Council or by said Board, according to the provision ol the act of wnich this is sup plementary. the general provisions of said act relative to the letting of work and the execution of contracts, exccptso far ns Inconsistent with the powers hereby crantcd, to apply to this section. Peo. 4. In case th' prosecution of any public work should be suspended in consvqnecce of the drtault of any contractor, or la case the bid* foe doing any such work should be 'learned excessive, or the person making proposals pot responsible or proper persons, the Board of Public Works may. If the Common -ouncll, by resolution, by a three-fourths vote of all the members elected, au thorize them to do so, employ workmen and pro cure the necessary tools and machinery and ma terials, to perform or complete any Improvement oidtrcd by the Council, provided tee expense thereof shall not exceed five ibousaud dul'ors. sec. 5. The Common Connell shall have power to cause public sevrers to he c nstracted and laid in the streets and alleys and public grounds of raid cut ; to establish or change the nock lines of CLicoco River and of Cnicago Harbor so as to fa cilitate navigation on the same; acd to cause wa ter and gas service plpe% with their necessary stop-cocas and other fixtures, to bo constructed and laid so as to connect with ihe gas or water mains in tbe streets oi said city. Sec. 6. The provisions of tee acts to which this la spnplementary as to the manner of m-iking application for any improvement to ho executed by said city, are hereby made to apply to tbe im provements specified in the foregoing sections. b£C. 7 After a street has been filled, curbed, macadamized or paved, or filled, curbed acd trav elled,U shall be lamnl for the Common Council to provide for the payment of any subsequent im frovement in whole or tn part ont of the General und. Sec. 8. When in any case It shall bo deemed necessary by the Beam of Public Work* to caase any sidewalk to bo raised, lowered, repaired or rehitd, or any private drain to be ralsid. lowered, repaired or cleaned, it shall bu lawful for said Board to require the owner of tbe premises in trust of, adjacent to or upvu which said improve ment la to be made, to make ibe same forthwith, or within snch reasonable time os the Board of Public Works may pre scribe, upon written notice to that effect: or the Board of Public Works may cause tbe work to be done ana paid out of tbe moneys in the trea sury at their disposal. Sold Board shall tnen re port to the Common Conncil the amount of said expenditure, giving a description ot the lots or premises liable therefor, and the amount forwbich each is chargeable. The Common Council Bb.nl thereupon assess tbe said expenses by an order, ordinance or resolution, upon such lots respec tively, and (he same may be collected by warrant and sste of the premises as is other cases. Jn like manner when the Common Council shall have ordered the construction, or reconstruction, or repair ot any sidewalk, private drain, or gas or water service pipe. It shall be lawful for said Board to cause tbe work to be done and paid for os above, or by agreement with a contractor, pay ment to be made out of tbe special assessment to be levied for the same, and shall the*i report to the Common Council tbe cost and expense of sard work, with all proceedings relative thereto, giving a description of ihe lots and premises to which, said expense is chargeable, and the Common Conncil shall thereupon assess tbe sold expenses npon such lots respectively, and the same may be collected by warrant and sale of tbe premises, as provided above. A suit may al o be maintained against the owner clench premised lor the recovery of each expenses, aa (or money paid and laid oot for dig use and at bis request. The Common Council may also by ordinance impose such penalties upon the owners aforesaid, for any neglect or refusal to comnl y with the aforesaid requirements not exceedin'” twenty dollars for each day’s neglect, as to the said Common Council shall seem moat proper. All asscF*mcnts authorized und'-r this section shall be collected by said city, with dam ages at Ihe rate of one per cent a month thereon, tor each and every mo*itb that any such assess ment shall remain nnpald, thirty days after the time when public notice shall nave been given by the City Collector that the warrant for such as sessment has been received by him for collection. bEC.O. Section 11 of Chapter IX ol said act, approved February 13.1863, is hereby soamended that in the cose of assessments made in accord ance with the foregoing section, damages on aay assessments which shill remain unpaid alier the Collector shall give public notice that he has re ceived ihe warrant tor Its collection, shall begin to accrue at the rate of one per cent a month thirty days after the date of such notice. Szc. in. it shall be lawful for the Common Council, on the rccommenatlon of the Board of Public Works, uncer the provisions ol section 3S ot chapter ~V 11 of sa*d act, appproved February 33, 31C3, to levy a tax fortne whole or any part of the expense lor an Improvement of tbe charac ter specified in said section. Sic. 11. Under the provisions of section 31, of Chapter V, of the act to which this Is supplemen tary, approved February 13,15C3, the Common Council Is hereby autbonxed in toe event that any Improvement shall be otd-red alter tie making ot the annual appropriat'd), some portion of tbe expense of which shall be assessed by tho Com missioners o! the Board of Public Works on some lot or lots of land owned by said city, to appro priate and borrow money for the puymt.nl ot such assessments, aa is provided for other cases enu merated in raid section. Sic 12. For the purposes specified In Chap'cr XV of ihe act approved February 13, l*c.j, of which this Is amendatory and supplementary, the said dty shall have power to borrow from time to time, a euro of money not exceeding ono million of dollars,and to issue bonds therdor; and all tie provisions of said act, as to the issue, custody and sale ot water loan bonds, and the custody ard of the proceeds thereof, shall apply to the lean hereby authorized, except os bertin otherwise provided. Szc. 13. 1: from any esnse Uto city has, hereto fore, or shall hereafter fail to collect any tax oa the general tax warrant ofsaid. city, in any year, or ia case the receipt of the revenues of said city shall tail short of uio amounts appropriated by the Common Connell, it shall be lawful for the said Council lo authorize the Mayor and comp troller to borrow a sufficient amount of money to meet any such deficiency, for any length of time, not exceeding the close of the next municipal year, snd to issue and negotiate bonds or certifi cates of indebtedness therefor, which said amounts shall be provided for in the annual aporopriatlon bill of ILe municipal year next succeeding such loan. Szc. 14, Upon tecelvlng an application for the mckinc of any Improvement of onystreet, lane or alley, the said Board shall proceed lo Investigate the same; and if they shall determine that soch Improvement is necessary snd proper, they shall report the same to tbe Common Council, accom panied with a B’alemet.t of the-expense ther-uf, and a proper ordinance or order directing tho work, and shall In soch estimate specify how much ctsatdcxpeiuei iu Ihely ppiulyn, may bo