Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, March 19, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated March 19, 1867 Page 2
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Chicago t&ritae. DABLT, TEI-WEEKLY ASD WEEKLY. OFF ICE. Ho. SI CLAEK-ST. There are three editions or iheTKiatnni issued- , t. very moraine, for circulation tor earners, newsmen and the malls- 3d. Tie Tn-WraxT, Mondays, Wed needty* and Fridays, for tbe malls only; and the Wkeclt, on Thursdays, for the malls and sale at oar •onster and by newsmen. Terms of the Chico?* Tribune! Dally delivered in me city tuer wett) .* 9*j « ■ - “ - ** (per quarter)..., 3,9 a Dally, to wail subscriber* (per annum, paya ble id advance! 12.00 Trl-WeeWy. (per BOEom. payable In advance) «.0« Weekly, (per annum, oayable In advance) ''2.00 XT Fractional parts ol Urn year at the usk rate*. XJT Persons remitting man orderlCE are or more copies of enter the Trt-Weekly or Weekly editions.* esyretstntenpcrccntafthe subscription price asa commission. Hone* to Bcbscbibziis^—in orderingthe address 01 yonr papers chanced. .0 nrevent delay, be sure and Specify What edition yen tatc—i.eekly, Trl-Weckly, Of DaUy. Also, address XT Money, by Draft, Express, Money orders, or la Qetlstered Letters, may be sent at oof rtsic. Address, TUESDAY, MARCH 10, ISG7. ~ JOHNSON AND REPE liUTION. The President, In his recorded and pub lished conversation with Major Halpinc, foreshadowed the organization of a party that would make the repudiation of the Na tional Debt its policy. He, Uis true, took the ground that tbe creation of this party would follow as a consequence of the rejec tion by Congress and the country of his poli cy, aud hence he washed his hands of all guilt in the matter. But the hopes which animate his heart are sufficiently evident, and they point directly, not only to the for mation of such a party, but to its eventual success. He asserts as a truth, that no war debt was ever paid by any nation, hut that, who has a very light hut eweet voice as we are an extraordinary people,' 1 it is possible that our debt may prove to he an exception to the general rule. He declares that the holders of the National Debt have become an aristo cracy more Infamous and dangerous than ever was the holders of the three thousand millions of property in slaves. He predicts that the time is nastening when the people, and particularly the people of the West, will rise up, will repudiate the demands of the tax-gatherer, and will destroy the aristocracy of wealth which has overridden his unavail ing vetoes! The President throughout his whole con versation polnts'out why and wherefore an oppressed people should repudiate the Na tional Debt, and he seeks by indirection to assume the leadership of that party which be accepts as an auxiliary in his struggle with the holders of the Federal bonds. He declares that repudiation must come, and the declaration coming from his official lips ought to he branded in ineffaceable charac ters upon his brazen front, that all the world might see how a free people treat such in famy on the part of their false and treacher ous servants. The National bonds are not held by capitalists; they are held by the widows of soldiers, by trustees for orphans, by fiduciary institutions, by every man and woman who has been able to save up one hundred dollars for the future. The revenue in the shape of interest goes to bay clothing and bread for the families of the industrious and saving mechanics, laborers, farmers and professional men of the land; and this bold and infamous declaration that the country will repudiate these bonds, is, in addition to being a libel upon the honesty of his country men, a dastardly attempt to rob the thousands whose entire means arc invested In the Na tional securities. Of all the speeches and declarations which have disgraced Andrew Johnson’s sober and his indiscreet hours, there has been none which betrayed so much malignity as this threat to make the repudiation of the National Debt ao issue In the future politics of the country. Andrew Johnson makes a serious mistake In supposing that hia disastrous defeat last year was accomplished by the capitalists of the country. He was crushed by the people whom he had betrayed. He was defeated and his candidates were repudiated, not through the Influence of wealth, hut by the uprising of a free people, who would no longer tolerate the assumption on his part of tUe power to make and unmake Stales. create and destroy t he Congress,and to rule ihk country as he might determine. Had all the capital of the country been arrayed i on his side, it would not have arrested the torrem[of popular wrath before which he | was swept away. No mortal power could have deterred the people from striking to the earth tbc iugrate who had betrayed the people and who sought to make himself vir tually Dictator. Thu attempt by the Presi dent to create tbe impression that the people last Jail were purchased to vole against him, is as absurd as it is insulting. It is true, possibly, that every bolder of National bonds, who was a voter, voted against An drew Johnson, and they did so from tbe con viction that his policy tended directly to wards repudiation. He sought to paralyze lie action of Congress by forcing into the two branches a sufficient number of traitors who would sustain him against the people. He sought to introduce into the one branch of Congress fifty members, and into tbe other twenty Senators, euch oue ot whom was per sonally, and also as a representative, inter ested in the direct repudiation of the Na tional Debt. Toe defeat of nis policy de tested the introducing of repudiation as the policy of a minority of Congress act ing in harmony with me President. The President's appeal to the disaffected, tLcdishoncst, and the disloyal of the coun try, to rally to his support as tbe leader of a party to obtain release fiom taxation by re pudiation, will not gain him the respect even of tbe creatures to whom, la bis de spair, he turns for aid aud comfort. They know that repudm’ion is a crime and a dis honor. They know that while it may serve as a temporary expedient for a temporary end, that no party can hope to lire on tbc Issue of repudiation. The rebels, who have no taste for paying a debt created in their subjugation, have some pretext for being in favor of repudiation, but they have no re spect for an officer of the Government of the United States, or for any other demagogue, who proposes or favors the dishonorable scheme ol repudiating the National Debt. Tbc only effect of this latest demagogulsm by the President will be to sink him lower than ever In the estimation of hU country men, Noitb acd South, and call down upon his name and memory the full measure of odium and contempt which a free people al ways holdin store lor the betrayer of public trusts, acd the would-be assassin of his country’s honor. THE TillßU NAPOLEON, Not altogether without truth is Prince Napoleon’s gossip about the uniform success of bis powerful cousin,—the stupidity so cleverly aped in his early manhood to avert suspicion of intrigue while in prison or ban ishment ; the brilliancy of a political career almost unrivalled; the acceptance which he has attained as a genius straggling under tbc difficulties of making a brass cannon which would not be laughed at by the engineers of Europe, and of employing the cleverest scholars to prove that uncle Bonaparte was of tbc blood and deeds of tbe first Cscsar. Save only Aleric, Attlla, Pizarro, no bad man has been more successful. But in this country we were never quite willing to accept all the assumed divinity of his “mission.” It is now ill teen years since he play ed his notable trick upon tbc citizens of the French Republic; and the historian will write these as the days when it begau to be known that be possesses none of that myste rious touch-me-not awfuiuess which gave success to bis coup d'etat, and made tbc most enuning of men Dictator of Europe for long years. Tbe self-appointed man of destiny fails like other men, is Bismarkcd like other victims. Now be broods, in dignified mighti ness, over bis queer guns aud tbe fate of bis dynasty. It is time be pondered what is to be; tbe feeble succession or tbc revolution be must soon leave behind him, and tbe work be has done for Frenchmen and man kind. 33c has coirnpted French society by dazzling LU countrymen •with princely magnificence while he took away their liberty. He has retarded the growth of European democracy by bis abuse ol the elective franchise. He has duped England, first by playing the loot in her club houses during his exile, and ever since by a standing promise to thrash every people hateful to her. He has failed to counteract the growing power of Russia. He was too timid to help Poland. He reached out bis hand to clutch Syria, hut speedily drew it back again. His dutiful servant Coaza reigned with great pomp at the mouth of the Danube, and the wily Emperor chuckled at the closed gates of the great Czar; but one irglit the man Couza was asked by his own loving snbjocts to come down stairs and walk out of the Principal!- tics, and to save his neck ho did it; so that once again the missionary of the Toilcrlcs saw his influence lade away and cease to exist. Algeria has dwindled into feebleness; and the colo nists ore loth to remain. Frenchmen arc had pioneers; Arabs are bad subjects; and Louis will fail to build up a new France In Barbary. His Italian allies are intractable. He thought he had smiled Into existence a power able and willing to save him any fu ture trouble with Austria; but Italy has overstepped the modesty of dependence, and the troops of France have iagloriously marched back to Paris. To seenre the influ ence of the Ultramontane party he protected the Papacy for many years, till finally the Staten Island soap-maker raised np an cm. pirc, and wrote failure ou the banner of the great Frenchman. He dared not to interfere in the matter of Prussia’s pretext against Schleswig-Holstcm; and when the small Slates of Germany looked across the Rhine for protection, he looked back with diplo matic indifference. But when the Prussian army had smashed Austria, and crumpled ln lo contemptible littleness Ib'elmperial pride M hU porcupine quUlfi.ami demanded the ißhonlsh Provinces os tia bread and butter for keep ing quiet; whereupon that old Herod of the Berlin Ministry"slapped him in the Ace, and he straightway got sick to hide x his shame and spare the ridicule of Europe. His holy Latlxr conscripts stole the seal of' state from the Presidency of Mexico, and .much glory was to perch on the standard ol New World Im perialism. But the hold front and astonish ing energy of the United Slates frightened him, and, himself safe In his peaceful Capi tol, he sends post advising Bazaino to ran; tuns abandoning the Austrian child Mar to feed golden oats to his Conrt horses at bis own expense; while, meantime, another ar my returns, empty of fame to meet the jibes pftbc old soldiers who remember other and brighter ibrtnnQ. WAU AND SELF-KESPBOT. The Louisville Journal was terrible In its cry for war, immediately after the passage of the Reconstruction Bill, and declared that the South would sooner see its fair climate whelmed under a second Dead Sea than to submit to such “damnabletyranny.” An other civil war it regarded as inevitable, whatever course the President might pur sue, and it was evidently gratified at the prospect. It seems recently to have been brought up with a round turn, however, by a blunt question put to it in a Southern newspaper: “Would you have the South make forcible resistance to the execution of the measures of Congress J” Confronted by this plain Inquiry, the Journal replies as follows: “We would have the South at tempt nothing in which she could not have a rational hope of success. Bat she can cer tainly have a rational hope, nay, a certainty, of maintaining Tier sclf-rcsptcl and keeping the world’s respect, if she will. That’s a matter which no despotism can control. Men’s minds and voluntary deeds are their own.” In other words, the Journal thinks the South ern rebels should take no step toward organ izing government under the new law. But what, meantime, becomes ol its bugle-blast of war and destruction? Its proposition to fight until the South is whelmed under a second Dead Sea, has diminished and soft ened down to a simple proposition to have the South maintain her self-respect. There is a wide difference between the two. No one will object to have the South and every man in it maintain self-respect. It would he a good thing to do. If Beauregard, and Lee, and Jeff. Davis, and other traitors, had not forfeited all honest self-respect by a viola-, tion of their official oaths, they would never have gone into the rebellion, or made recon struction necessary. And If the rebels of the South desire to maintain self-respect, let them, in the first place, re-establish it, by undoing, as promptly and thoroughly as pos sible, the vlllainons work of the rebellion. Let them do what honor requires of them, and what they have repeatedly declared their purpose to do, accept the sit nation in good faith—the situation as It Is, and not as they would like to haveit. There is the precise difficulty In their case; while stoutly protesting their willingness and even their anxious desire to accept the conse quences of the war, they mean the conse quences as defined by themselves. Bat Con gress and the North insist upon the right of giving the definition as they read It in the dictionary of successful war. The former slave-masters of Kentucky ac quired such an inveterate habit of pomposi ty, swagger and menace, that it has survived the downfall of slavery. It was very natural for the Journal to cry war, but a little reflection showed the folly of It. If there Is to be a rebellion against the Reconstruction Law, it should propeily be organized and first proclaimed in the States effected by its provisions, rather than in Kentucky, which has no di rect interest in the matter. The Journal's call to arms met with no response In the South, which was compelled from absolute exhaustion to bid farewell to the plumed troop and the big wars, and has not yet re covered sufficient strength for another trial. As yet the only propositions to take the field and actually fight out another rebel lion Lave come from James Brooks, of New York, who promised to lead in person a million men to Washington, and from the Journal, which bas ignominiously abandoned its belligerent attitude, when brought squarely to the test. Whether Brooks still intends to fight it out on the line of bis Hartford speech, with more than ten thousand railroad trains load ed with Democrats, is uncertain; but the fact that the terrible Brooks has arrived in Washington without his million men or his ten thousand trains, will relieve tbe country of the apprehension of au immediate at tack on the Capital by the valorous New Yorker. If his plan reallv is to fight, we advise him to chaugc it, after the manner of the Journal, to a plan to maintain his self respect. ffatXiro. Accordin': to the latest Mexican news, the Emperor Maximilian was at Queretaro with sis to eight thousand men, while Escobedo, the Liberal General, was mirching to attack him with an army already twelve thouaaad strorg, aud to be increased to twenty thou* sand before the great fight in which the Em* pxre is to be wiped out. The author of this news gives the Empire just “one more month” of life. But, judging irom his statements, which, of course, are perloctly reliable, we should think two weeks ought to see the end of it. Meantime we wait to learn the result of the movements of that vast Liberal army, which was within a few miles of the City of Mexico two months ago, marching toward the city with might and main, and which was still doing -the same thing about two weeks since. If this news is all true. Ills Imperial Majesty stands an excellent chance to get wiped out, extermi naled and used up generally, two or three times, at least, within the same number of days. Mexican news, so-called, is so systematic ally lalsc, so uniformly manufactured out of whole cloth, that it has become simply dis gusting ; and If the truth ever does creep in to a Mexican, despatch accidentally, it is en tirely overshadowed, lost, buried and con demned to oblivion, in consequence of the numerous and palpable lies in whose society it appears. It is not news; it has no influence on mankind collectively or individually. Since the mission or expedition of General Sherman and Mr. Campbell, many persons doubt the existence of Juarez or his Govern ment. The constant reference to them in the Mexican deep itches Is no 1 auger regarded as evidence that there Is either a President or a Government. The people of the United Slates have deeply sympathized with the Liberal party in its struggle against foreign invasion, and have bcarlPy rejoiced in every success that has attended them. Juarez is more popular iu this country to-day than any other foreigner on the hemisphere. It is to be regretted that we cannot he supplied with correct accounts of events transpiring in Mexico; but since this seems to be entirely out of the question, we can only continue to hope that the successes so often and so foolishly pre dicted as close at hand, or announced as ac tual occurrences, without any foundation in truth, arc not fur in the future, and that peace and freedom will soon reward the en lightened and patriotic men (too few) for the toil and sacrifices they have endured in the cause of tneir country. The Emperor of France having withdrawn his troops from Mexico, the contest between Maximilian and the Republic is now nothing more than a domestic quarrel—a civil war between the Republican party and the friends of an Empire. It is certainly most desirable that peace should be restored at once; but it is difficult to sec how that is to be accomplished, so long as the belligerents have the power to fight. It is the old strug gle between theChurchoraristocratlc party and the Republicans. The Church is wealthy and powerful, and If it sostains Maximilian with all Its strength and resources, it is not at all unlikely that the war will ycl last a long time. The sympathies of this country are, of course, with the Republicans; bat the Monroe Doctrine having been vindicated, and the Emperor Napoleon’s project having been snuffed out, there is, probably, nothing in the present civil war to invite or justify the intervention of the United States. ANOTHER “YANKEE OUTRAGE. Frevions to, and during the war, one of the peculiar institutions of the rebel States was ihe whipping-post—a place of punishment for crimes, and at which men and women, boys and girls, old men and old women were castigated upon their bare backs until the enormity of their offences was compensated by the blood of the victims. The whipping post has always had an attraction for the Southern people, hut why, it is difficult to explain. W ilh the collapse of the rebellion, the whipping-post went out of practice for a while, but when Andrew Johnson revivi fied the rebel Governments, the whipping post was reinstated. It was not only a place for the punishment of crime, but it was a place where any citizen having a refractory domestic could have that domestic flogged by the official wlelder of the lash of justice. Thus, Mrs. Jones, if she deemed her waiting maid too “sassy,” could send her to the whlpping-post, to be publicly whipped upon the hare back. This was a convenience which Southern society had long enjoyed, and was considered inseparable from the comforts and privileges of a superior race. Some four or five months ago General Sickles, commanding in Jforth and Soath Carolina, issued an order prohibiting flog ping as a legal punishment in the former Stale. The Governor and the Judiciary be came indignant; fervent appeals were issued to the militia—the volunteers of the Confed erate service—to hold themselves in readi ness to rally at a moment’s notice, if not for their “altars and their fires,” at least for the whipping-posts. Civil war was imminent, when Andrew Johnson interposed his an. thorlly, revoking General Sickles’ order, and the whipptng-posts were continued. General Schcfieid, the new commander of the District of Virginia, has repealed Gcne eral Sickles 1 order. Ho has forbidden corpo ral punishment for crime- He has laid a military interdict uffoa a State institution ueder the shadow and. protection of which the first families of the ancient Com monwealth have grown old and venerable. Next to the abolition of slavcryi the aboli tion of the whipping-post is detestable to the Southern people. They regard it as an institution hallowed by time and venerable for its associations. It has always been a monument marking the distinction between those of God’s people who were white and those who were black. It had its stories which rivalled those of the classic poets. There, many a father had been witness to the scourging, by his own order, ol his son or daughter, or the mother of his children. Roman firmness could not exceed this. There many a mother sent the mother of her grandchildren (to be flogged, and, iu the screams and agony of the lacerated sufferer, discovered a recognition of -the maje-tic power which reposed in the hands of the superior race. General Schofield has put an end to this barbarity. He has prohibited the shameless cruelty of the whipping-post, and, as long as Congress is in session, we expect the Presi dent will not venture to interfere with his authority. How long alter Congress ad journs the President will refrain irom re storing the whipping-posts remains to be be seen. PREPARING FOR TBE CIIOLCUA. The Sanitary Commissioners of New York have reported that in their opinion it is probable that the cholera may again visit that city in the coming spring or summer, If not as a regular visitation ot tbe disease, at least in the way of cargoes of emigrants, of which more or less will bo affected. They urge the necessity of early and prompt ac tion by the authorities to be prepared for the calamity by doing all that is possible to remove the predisposing causes, and putting affairs generally in snch order that the spread of the disease may be prevented. It may he that Chicago stands in need of some effective labor to this same end. The Legislature has'grantcd to the city all power, and the responsibility of a failure to exercise it will rest on the city government. There Is a huge job of street cleaning to be done; there are many mountains ot accumu lated filth to be removed, and as many unsightly depths to bo filled up. This is all to he found in the streets and highways. But this is hot all the work that is to be done. The careful officer will find in the yards and outhouses, and in hun dreds of dwellings the greatest need ot labor in order to remove the causes of disease ; countless cases of imperfect or disordered drainage, and of filthy pools, which once re leased from the frost will emit gases poison ous to human life. In order that there may be something done In this great field of la bor, and some steps taken towards being prepared for the dread visitor should it come, the new health organization should be pat Into operation at as early a day as possi ble. Much, if not everythlnpft-wIU depend upon the character of the men who will con stitute the Board. They should he men of practical Intelligence, and men who will have the courage to take all the conse quences of a fearless discharge of their duly. We may expect, within the next fortnight, that the season will be far enough advanced to permit a vigorous campaign of street e’eanimr, to be followed up by a rigid scru tiny of the habitations of ail persons, and the prompt enforcement of the regulations for cleanliness. Should the cholera never make Its nppcarancehere again, all the money that may be expended in preparing for its visit, will be most wisely aud profitably employed in impioving the general health of the city by removing all the inducing causes to dis ease. THE CONNECTICUT ELECTION. The annual election in Conu a ctieut takes place on the first day of April—a fortnight hence. The canvass is very animated and the chances deemed .doubtful. Four Con gressmen arc to be elected as well as a Gov ernor and Legislature. Last spring the fol lowing was the result of the vote in each of the Congressional Districts. General Hawley ran as the Radical Republican candidate, and J. E. English as the Conservative-Dcmocrat ic-Johnson candidate. Our guess is that Hawley will he re-elected and that tbe Re publicans will carry the first, third and fourth Districts: Hawley. English. .... 8.31* 8,937 .... 2.479 2,032 1. Hartford loJaud. 11,0)7 1-,'JGa Republican majority in XJ. aii-idlescx 3,203 2,93'J r-'cw Haven 8,t>30 10,784 11,838 13,723 Coppoihend majority. . 1,887 Hi. New London C.CIC 4,307 Windham 3,9C6 2,144 Rcpoblcan maj0rity......... 2,461 IV if air Held 7,094 7,337 Litchfield 4,771 4.C53 ll.r-C5 11,030 Copperhead majority. Barnmn is the Republican candidate In the Fourth District, It will be seen that each party Is sure of carrying but one district. The Copperheads arc confident of carrying the Second, end the Republicans of carrying the Third. But the chances of each party In the First and Fourth are regarded as equal. Last spring, after a most desperate contest, the Republicans elected General Hawley over J. E. English, by 541 majority. The same candidates arc running against each other this spring. English is very rich, and is spending vast sums of money. Hawley is poor, and has no money to spend. The New York Herald is putting forth every effort to defeat Barrmm, who used to bo one of Its favorites. But about a year ago he had a falling out with Bennett In regird to adver tising, and stopped advertising in the Her ahi. Since then Bennett has waged unceas ing warfare upon the great showman. CS7"The price currents of all the whole sale establishments in the United fitites for tbe last seventy years attest and prove the truth of tbc statement, that after each addi tion to the duties on imported goods the do mestic producers advance their prices to cor respond with the tariff on similar goods. If this were cot the case, the foreign manufac turer would have been undersold and run out of our markets many years ago. The reason why all goods, domestlcas well as Imported, are so excessively dear is simply because the duties on imports are enormous, and domes tic goods arc sold at the same high prices of imported wares. This fact is as plain as the nose on one’s face. When the tariff of 1312, increasing duties, passed, all domestic goods became dearer. When the act of IS4G, re ducing duties, passed, goods became cheaper. When the act of 1857 passed, reducing tbe impoals, it was followed by another reduc tion in the price of domestic fabrics. "When the act of ISGI passed, largely increasing duties, the price of home-made wares went up like a rocket. Several subsequent addi tions have been made to the tariff, and after each the price of the competing home article had advanced to a level with the price of the imported commodity—taking the gold basis as the standard of values, aod making allowance for tbe fall in the price of cotton caused by the termination of the war. Man. ufacturcrs would never hound Congress for more tariff, or spend vast sums to fee lobby men, but for the profit they are certain of re alizing on their stocks on hand, and on the goods they can manufacture in a few months, until the rise in wages and other expenses neutralizes tbe transient advantage which they have gained over the rest of the commu nity, and when this takes place, straightway they rush to Congress and bawl for more tariff. And so it goes on. Every six months they demand and receive more tariff. pff* Colonel Beniamin Franklin Mosby is engaged in manufacturing corn-cob pipes in Richmond, Virginia, which be offers for sale to smokers of tbc weed. The Richmond papers call him Colonel Benjamin Franklin Mosby, C. 8. A., from which we conclude be has not yet been mustered out of tbc rebel service. Tbe rebellion having ended in smoke be Hods in ibis occupation appropri ate means of gaining a livelihood. The Whig speaks of him as having “exquisite taste and rare inventive genius” in the con structlon of these corn-cob pipes. He is cer tainly engaged in a much more honest and reputable calling than he was engaged in when fighting the buttles of Jeff. Davis. A IlAjraEoiix Gift.—The family of the late John P. Crozer, says the Delaware Republican, bare given the largo, beautiful and substantial edifice near Westchester, Pa , now occaplcd as a military school, together with forty acres of ground surrounding it, tbc whole valued at (85,000, to tho Baptist denomination for a theo logical semicary. In addition to this the family also gave (170,000 in money for tho erection of residences for tbc professors and an endowment fund. To Ibis Mr. William Bucknclj, of Philadel phia, adds (25,000. for tbe beginning of a library fur tbc Institution. flhls makes In all the hand some earn of (280,WW, tbc contribution of a single family, Mr. Bnckncll being a son-in-law of Mr. Crozer. The act or Incorporation has passed one branch of the Pennsylvania legislature, and mil soon pass the other. The institution will bo opened for instruction in the fall of 1803. It n the intention of the Faculty and Board of Trus tees al tbe University at Lewlsbnrg to transfer the theological department of the Institution to Ches ter. This will etui further Increase tho endow ment fund of the new institution to he called the ••Crczer The* logical Seminary.” IJKnarPT Mexico.— An Encllsh statist has found that since 1621 Mexico has bad twenty three Presidents, seven Dictator*, two Emperors, one Vice President, and one Generalissimo, or an average ofene ruler every sixteen months. Maxi milian has had the longest reign of any of them. ' ENBLAND Earl Russell’s Abdication. Mr. Gladstone, the Recognized. ; Leader of the liberals. Bis antecedents. Threatened Resort to Force on the Port of the London Work ingmen, The Canadian Confederation Scheme. [Special Corrofpondcnce of the Chicago Tribune.] MaJiCuzsteh, Encland, March 2. Earl Bussell has abdicated. These four voids mark an era In English history, the importance of which cannot be over-estlma tcd. The abdication was in this wise : The Liberal members of the House of Commons to the number of nearly three hundred, met in solemn caucus at Mr. Gladstone's private residence, lost Tuesday. The object of the meeting, as your readers arc aware—at least so far as the members themselves under* stood—was to decide upon the line of tactics to be pursued by the Opposition in dealing with the Tory scheme of Keform; but Earl ‘Russell seized the occasion for the purpose of rctiiirg from the leadership of the Liberal party, placing his crown upon the head of William Ewart Gladstone, then, and there. The act of surrender was performed gracefully, and would furnhh a splen did subject for an historical painting. There was not sufficient space to contain the as sembled crowd in any room in Mr. Glad stone’s house, so the members tilled the great entrance-hall, the staircase serving for the platform whence the speakers addressed the meeting. After the host had spoken, Lord Russell said that the present moment was one of supreme importance to the couutry. He had known but three periods in his po litical experience which could properly be compared with it, namely, 1830, 1833, and 1848, representing Catholic Emancipation, the first Reform Bill agitation, and the re peal of the Corn Laws. Be then went on to state that the present crisis was different from any of the others, and that the dis cussion now agitating the country required to he wisely dealt with, and, above all, to be settled speedily. Then followed the ceremony of his resignation. Standing beside Mr. Gladstone at the head of the staircase, the three hundred members of the Opposi tion looking np to him from below, he said, amidst deep silence, “For the Liberal party to succeed, It Is necessary for yon to have at your head some one in whom yon place the utmost confidence. 1 bid you look to Mr. Gladstone as a statesman of clear views, of great reputation, and one who has most elo quently defended the principles and policy of our party." It was certainly time for Little John to re tire, but ail of us, however, arc somewhat surprised at the act. There never seemed to be anything like resignation about him; and we supposed he would hold on to office like his grim Majesty Is said to stick to the de funct colored gentleman. What a blank his disappearance will make In English politics, and for the matter of that, in the world’s Jiolltics besides! Jack Bussell, as we used amlliarly to call him In the olden time, is touching fast upon his seventy-fifth year; he has been a power in the land during more thau half a century, aud has held nearly every important office under the Crown. Sidney Smith said John Russell would un dertake iocommand the Mediterranean Fleet at five minutes' notice, if it were proposed to him; for even in his younger days he had a facility in Jumping higher every successive step, which proved he possessed no fear of responsibility. He has been Paymaster Gen eral of the Forces, Secretary of State lor the Home Department, the Colonics aud Foreign : Affairs, Lord President of the Privy Couu ' cl), Special Ambassador of Great Britain at an European Congress, and twice Prime Minister. Sorely these are honors enough for one man ; but the tough little fellow has worked hard and well for all he received; and although he has at length resigned the leadership of a party with which bis name will ever be associated in the foremost rank, he will still labor on in that quiet abode of oftum cum di/jnilaie , 4 * the Lords,” and, 1 opine, change bis Earl’s coronet Into that of a Marquis, unless, per chance, he covets a Dukedom. roi (si tnorl; five le rof.” I wish I felt quite sura of Mr. Gladstone. I have proved, by experience, that you never can know a man properly until you have looked into the whites of his eyes aud counted his teeth. Now, 1 am not personally acquainted with the new chief of the Liberal party, and until I be so acquainted, I shall not make up my mind altogether about him. At the present time, I am going to “bear” him; ho that he may induce me, at no very distant period, to perlorm the much pleasanter oper ation ol “bulling.” Prhno, 1 don’t llkehla face ; it has the sombre, bigoted expression of those terrible monks who used to haunt the cuugeons of the Holy Office. Doubtless be got this from Oxford; for many of our Professors—even Goldwin Smith amongst tbe number—have tbe same leer ingrained into their physiognomies. Secundo, I don’t like his education ; very little good comes out of Oxford novt-a-days; but what good is in the University doe?, generally, come out of it, not lelng allowed to stay there. TertU> y 1 have heard reports about him, aud that too from indisputable * authorities, which compel me to question his sincerity or his firmucss of purpose. It was'William Ewart Gladstone, acting under the behests of EngUud’s aristocracy, who drove Gwnbaldiaway from this country when the great Italian patriot was the guest of England's people. Your readers will recol lect when the General was in this country seme three years ago, that ho purposed making a toui in the provinces. Our noble rulers did not like this project, particularly us the French Emperor objected to a popular ovation which might seriously interfere with Jits policy in the South of Europe ; our Gov ernment, in other words, Palmcratou, deter mined thereupon to stop Garibaldi's intended tour, and an influential deputation waited upon him at Stafford House where be was Haying on a visit to the Duke of Sutherland. Mrt Gladstone and the Earl of Shaftesbury headed the deputation; hut it was decided that the formershould see the General alone, Mr.’—‘Gladstone being a proficient iu the Ita.ian language, and more over, capable of expressing the vie *8 and wishes of the Government. The present leader of tl-e Liberal party did his utmost to dissuade Garibaldi from visiting the pro vinces ; the pretext being that he had not yet recovered from his wound received at Aspromontc, ami that the excitement conse quent upon the projected tour might seri ously endanger his health. The General re plied that he had not felt so well and strong for a lengthy time past, ami that his friends were frightening themselves causelessly; whereupon Mr. Gladstone gave him to un derstand that our Government would be placed in a questionable position if he car riod out bis piogrumme, and that they hoped he would allow his visit to the metropo lis to suffice. This was os broad a hint as any diplomatist need of fer; and Garibaldi understood Us full import. As soon as lie could dismiss his visitors, he quitted Stafford House, took u cab, and drove away to the subtubs of the metropolis, where ho informed an intimate friend that the English Government, by means of Mr. Gladstone, had politely order ed him out of the country. I know the above luets to be correct; and therefore have my doubts about Earl Russell’s successor. Maybe, however, he was then under the in fluence and coercion of Lord Palmerston ; but looking at the affair as wo will, he at all events allowed himself to be made a tool of by the aristocracy, aud lost caste forever with the recognized representative of Euro pean freedom. I do not altogether like Mr. Gladstone’s attitude and language since the commence ment of the present session of Parliament, and some very prominent Liberals arc also complaining of them. He has thus far been too conciliatory, provoking thereby a mild censure and pointed suggestion from John Bright. Moreover, Earl Grosvenor and the gang of Adullamites arc making their peace with him; and this makes me suspect that good reasons exist for these black sheep re turning to the Liberal fold. I may be wrong in my rears, but I am far from being alone in this feeling of mistrust; for the popular leaders outside Parliament arc expressing similar doubts, and the people at large share the same. Luckily the great cause of the nation’s enfranchisement docs not rest with any mere individual; and Mr. Gladstone, were he so disposed, would not he able to stop the movement which Is now on foot in every corner of the United Kingdom. I hope, however, that ' the confidence we bad learnt to repose in him will not have to be withdrawn; and the events which arc certain to transpire during the next four weeks will lead all of us to deter mine whether we are still to regard him as the roan of the pcqplc, or anolhbr evidence of the seductive power of our freedom hat ing aristocracy. It is understood that Mr. Disraeli will In troduce the Tory Reform Bill in the early Sari of the present month, and rumor fixes te date for the 11th instant—next Monday week. We expect no good whatever from the measure, and nobody therefore will bo disappointed. The House of Commons, as now existing, Is quite as likely to pass a lair and honest Reform Bill ns the Legislature of South Carolina is to carry negro suffrage, not any more so; but our people seem to be arousing themselves at l&st to the importance of the crisis, and I think, will not this time allow, themselves to be cheated. At h delegate meeting of the Reform League, held last Wednesday in Lon don, it was unanimously resolved to adopt measures of an obviously coercive character; and if these resolutions he carried out, I can not see how a collision with the' authorities is to he prevented. I am intimately acquaint ed with the leaders of that organization In the metropolis, and know them to he inca pable of idle threats. They can have and will have half a million of men at their hacks; and there is not sufficient force in military* and police at the disposal of the Government to prevent them going where they design. The chief movers in the Rclorm League ore calm, reflective meu, not given to making mistakes; and tbc rank and file of tbc body listen respectfully to their advice, aud will not act un til they arc quite certain they can do so legally ard constitutionally. But if this Government. or any future Government, should attempt to op pose them on the specious pica or convenience—as they did last year, in the Hyde Park meeting—the people will In fu ture meet force by force, aud, perhaps, not rest content with pulling down three miles of iron railings. It must be borne m mind, too, that the Reform League has thousands of members in all our large cities; and that when London begins to move, the Provinces will bcsllr themselves simultaneously. We have learned a lesson from General Grant's strategy; aud immediately headquarters give the signal, there will be an Instantane ous advance along the whole line. I hope our authorities trill be wise ia time. We shall know whether the Tories are capable of meeting the crisis or sot, within the next fortnight; hot they certainly cannot meet it by any resort to brute force, andlthlnktbe/ know It. I , The bill for .the Confederation of our N*rth American Colonies has passed throng* the Lords, and bas this week reached tie Com* •mens,. Your files of English papers wilt Eire jou the details of a most interesting debate in ' the Lower House last Thursday, John ißrlgtat coming out In fall force in behalf of the right of the people of Nova Scotia to be heard on the scbjeet of the Union. The measure Is b'clng pressed forward with the utmost rapidity, and I believe Is certain to pass by an overwhelming majority. It will be a pleasing experiment on your Continent to attempt the establishment of an arlstoc racy, as this bill proposes, and I for one shall certainly not object. The future Viceroy— for the new Confederation Is to bo favored with a Court—will have the nomination and appointment of all members of the Upoor House for life; and others with myself think the proposal will do more to estrange oar colonists and ‘drive them away from the mother country than anything attempted by our aristocracy since the Ministry of Lord North. Our privileged classes are hot la fa vor of this Confederation scheme, because it will open up now offices and sinecures to themselves and ’ their' pauper dependents; but our people remember that we never got anything worth mentioning from oar North American possessions except the “ Canadian Boat Song,” and they think that if Canada and the rest really want to become a nation they ought to paddle their own canoe and not expect English tax-payers to cash up for their little pi me. We know how Imperial institutions have succeeded In Mexico; and wo doubt much whether bastard royalty in Canada will turn out more prosperous. John Bull, Jr. WOOL. Some of tlie Error* of Wool-Growers Exposed. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: Tbe Tribune recently published one of those sensation paragraphs about the “ sheen fever” that are got up by Interested parties to go tbe rounds of the press as a gratuitous advertisement. It speaks of the astonishing prices now prevailing in Vermont for bucks of the “improved American Merino” breed. One of these animals was on exhibition at the Illinois State Fair in Chicago, last autnmn, for which $3,500 was offered and re fused; and a recent agricultural paper pub- listed a portrait of one now owned in Ver mont for which $15,000 was refused I So say the papers; so it must be true. The Merino sheep was first Introduced in the United States, Into Vermont, by Mr. Jarvis, United States Consul to some Span ish seaport, who carefully selected a num bcrol them, in 1813, at the time Napoleon was bringing the Spanish nobility to grief and breaking up their supposed monopoly of this animal. From Vermont they have been spread all over the country. The Vermont breeders have undertaken, within the past twenty years, to “improve” the original Mo* rino breed of sheep, and the result Is before the country in the “Improved American Me rino,” sold at the modest prices above in dicated, whenever the holders can get it; and it is not to he denied that they have picked up a great many un wary Western farmers with more money than knowledge on this subject. With a strange oversight, the Vermont “im provers” have aimed at increase of fleece altogether, and entirely overlooked the equally Important item ot flesh, or carcase for human food. Their “improvement” has consisted in selecting a promising back iamb, giving him tho milk of three or four, or as many ewes os he can get down, jacket ing his wool with a heavy cloth, like the blanket of a horse, carefully housing and pampering him up in every possible way, never allowing tho wind or bad weather to touch him, and never allowing him to expe rience any of the “gnef” which ordinary flocks so fully experience in this country in winter. The result is a very small but line looking animal, thickly wrinkled from bis nose to his wither*, averaging in weight about seventy to eighty pouuus, and yield ing a fleece of apparently from twenty to twenty-six pounds, but which, when scoured under i be auspices of the Slate Agricultural Societies at Uochestcr, N. Y., and Spring- Held, ill., last year, proved to bo threo fourths grease end £yoik,” or wool gum, with very little morakban the usual quan tity of clean wool yielded by common low priced sheep well cared fur. The result of this “ improvement” is Anally embodied in a very pathetic resolution passed by the Stale Agricultural Society of Vermont, on tho second of January, beg girg Congress to burthen the people at targe for their express benefit by more tarltf on wool, when they say that “our own wools arc lying on our hands uncalled for at any price that would pay over half tho cost of production.” This is the case, bo it re membered, while manufacturers in their own and adjoining Stales arc importing long combing wools from Canada at seventy-five and eighty cents a pound, by. hundreds of thousands of pounds, and paying un addi tional gold tatifl’ of twenty per cent. Ver mont Merino wool goes begging at thirty-tlve to fifty cents per pound, and a late agricul tural paper says a profitable business is done in buying the greasy fleeces, scouring them clean uuu selling them to tho munulucturcrs. The Canadians have never been infected with the sheep levers of their neigh bors of Vermont, though living alongside of them. They have »eut for their sheep to England, where Bakcwell, Webb and other careful breeders havtf been im proving their native sheep for the last half century. They first made their experiments with tho Merino sheep, so much prized by France aimd Spain, but were soon compelled to elve up that breed as unsuited to their purposes, acd it is not kept stall in Eng land now. The result has been finally em bodied in a Coiswold ram, owned by Mr- Snell, of Canada, exhibited at tbo Sluts Fair of Kentucky last year, weighing 400 pounds I This animal yielded u llcucc of eight to ten pounds of perfect ly clean wool, worth nearly If not quite double that of the Merino, ami In quick demand, while nearly all of the last crop of the latter is yet un sold on the market, in the way of the new crop now soon to be offered lor sale. It is unnecessary to say that the mutton of those steep is of the most excellent character, and lar superior to that of the Merino, not weigh* log one-tourtb as much. The flock masters ot the United States have become so inoculated with this Merino fever that nine-tenths, if not more, of their sheep arc ot this treed, notwithstanding it is so capable of proof that they arc most unprofit able UDUiol of tho kind they can raise. They industriously deny the merits of the South Downs and Cotawolds, and declare that they will not thrive in large flocks; that they con stantly deteriorate; that they are not hardy; that they take more Iced than the Merino, Ac. The hardiness, &c., Is soon answered when it is shown that Canada, north of us, breeds these varieties alone ; that they thrive well there, and that tbey send ns all our fine mutton for our citv markets and long wool for our worsted manufactories, in spile of tbo twenty per cent gold larilf on both. A re cent writer from Wisconsin to an agricultural paper says that “tbc Mcriuocs, I am certain, U •* Jed tide by side with any English breed, will “ be nowhere in compaiisonso Tarns mutton is “ concerned. If an English sbeep of fifty “ pounds bus the grain given a Merino of sev “enty pounds to keep In condition to shear •• eight and a half pounds ot wool, I think he “will need nothing but straw to keep him “ fat. The weak point of Merinoes Is In yield “of lambs. Id regard to large flocks, I “ have kept over three hundred coarse wools »* together, and taken the whole care of them “ mytelf.” Flocks of double this number arc common in England, where almost every sheep used for mutton will girth five feet be hind the shoulders and yield three and four times as much carcase as the Merinos, which, at the best, make very Indifferent mutton, as well as very little of it. This la on their thin, chalky soils, where tbc manure of the sheep is absolutely indispensable for farmers to raise any crop at all. In view of these facts, it is strange that the wide-awake wool-growers of Michigan, whose Interesting discussions at Ann Arbor you have recently reported in your columns, as well as those of other States, do not re consider their course and take some meas ures to change their breeds of sheep before they arc absolutely compelled to do so. Tho Vermont sheep are worth no such amount* of money as their breeders charge for them —are absolutely worthless as compared with other breeds, os the resolutions of their own State Agricultural Society prove; and tho sooner the Northwest discovers this fact, and energcllcallv go to work to act upon It, tho better It wifi bo for the farmers therein, in stead of praying for a big tariff to help them out of the scrape. Occident. NORTHWESTERN ITEMS. Mr. Moreau, an engineer on the Galena branch cl the Northwestern Railroad, was killed at Connell Hill on Wednesday last, under the following circumstances, as re* latcd m the Galena Oazette of Friday: “A western bound freight train was stand ing upon the track at the station mentioned, and while at rest, was ran into by a freight train inthercar. The vlctlmofthccolliston, Mr. Morgan, was engineer on the moving train. Owing to the crookcdncssof the road, he did not perceive the red lights on the train in advance, in season to bring his train to a stand, and fearing the result, he leaped from the engine, hut unfortunately struck a heavy sapling, which, slightly bending by the force of bis leap, suddenly recoiled and bnrled the poor man directly under the wheels of the engine. The wheels passed over both legs below the knee. Both limbs were very soon amputated, but while the surgeon was dressing them, poor Morgan died. He leaves a wUe and five children.” R. G. Clendenln, cx-Shcriff of Whiteside County, died quite suddenly, on Tuesday last, at his residence in Morrison. Some weeks since the deceased was badly injured by a fall on the ice, hut had so far recovered as to be able to he out. On the night pre vious to bis death, however, he was attacked with neuralgia of the heart, which termina ted latalty the next morning. The Morrison (Hi.) Sentinel makes some se rious accusations against Colonel D. R. Clen decin, formerly of the Seventeenth Illinois Cavalry, and lately appointed a Major in the Eighth Regular Cavalry, which, if true, will undoubtedly secure his rejection by the Senate. The Sentinel charges that: “Colonel Clendenln a short time since made heavy purchases of goods, principally In Chlcage; and, os Ills creditors allege, upon Inlrc representations. Of these goods he had ionic SIO,OOO worth on bond at his store In Pronhclstown, when he received notice of his appointment. Secretly closing out his stock at sixty cents on the dollar, he pock eted ahont $2,600 or *3,000 of the money, and proceeded to Washington to hurry up the confirmation of hts appointment-leaving the balance of the money In the hands of on agent here to settle up with his creditors which ho (the ogent) has generously offered to do by the payment of twenty cents on the dollar. His creditors, who contldcr It “ clear case of swindling, are endeavoring to arrest him for obtaining money under Suae pre tenet** and also to prevent his nomination from being confirmed by the Senate." A drover, who was going with a lot of cattle to Chicago, In passing from one car to another, between Valparaiso and Fort Wayne, fell between the cars, and five cars passed over him, cutting him to pieces in a most frightful mannerr A. fcw minutes after a school, at Butler, Indiana, the other day, had. been dismissed, and ere the pupils were out of hearing, the celling, Joists, and- principal, rafters and beams came down with a terrible crash, crushing nearly everything beneath. Full fifty pupils had been in attendance dally, and had it fallen when-they were in the room the result would have been frlghtfnl. An old man, named Ernest Gleih, livipg in Huntington, Indiana, committed suicide early last Sunday morning by hanging him self. Ho‘ had been drinking very hard for some time previous to the act. On the morning of his death the family noticed his absence at an early hour, and supposed that he.hadgono to the barn, as It appears was the habit with him, to indulge his appetite for strong drink. On repairing to ihe.barn they found him suspended by a piece of the clothes line to the rafters of the building. . ... On tbe evening of the 7ih instant, Mr. William Roberts, of Brown Township, Rip ley County, Indiana, in bis barn was found suspended by the roles of a bridle, fastened to a pin which he bad used for hanging his harness upon. Full particulars are not known. Mr. Roberts was about forty years old, leaves a wife and many friends to de plore his loss. No cause for the deed was known. He had been for many years a member of the M- E. Church, in easy cir cumstances, and lived in peace with all his neighbors. Two brothers, sous of William Thompson, of Kelthsburg, 111., were killed on the rail road near Marshalltown, lowa, on Tuesday, the 12th instant: “They were travelling in a covered two horse wagon, loaded with household goods, and in company with two or three other teamsters. Their wagon was behind the others, the oldest son, Robert, aged about twenty-seven years, driving; while the youngest. John, aged about eleven, was walking behind with bis band upon the wag on. The other teams had passed safely over tbe railroad track at the crossing, bob while this rear wagon was on the track, an engine which was pushing a snow plow, came sud denly around the curve at full speed. It is stated by parties who witnessed toe accident, that the driver attempted to back bis team, or turn them off tbe track, bat before bo suc ceeded in doing this, tbe snow plow struck tbe wagon between the wheels, scattering It and Its contents like a pile of chaff!” MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. The several funds now held by Harvard College amount to $1,909,505.06. Those sep arately invested amount to $282,831.44 ; the income on these was $21,880.01, during the year ending August 31, 1806. The income on the funds of the college, other than those separately invested, was $125,330.87. Jonathan Elwell, a miserly old fellow liv ing near Belfast, Maine, was lately robbed of one thousand dollars in specie and Govern ment bonds, which he kept concealed in his cellar, by some boys, of whom the oldest was not over sixteen. The supply of icc for local consumption in New York city the present year, amounts to 508,000 tons, an excess oi 55,000 tons over

that of the previous year. This amount is distributed among eight companies, one of which owns over one-half of the entire number of tons. In Columbia, 8. C., recently, the lightning struck the house of a Mr. Scott, entering just above a window and completely pulver izing seventy-two panes of glass. The light ning ran around the room, blackening the walls, knocking over tables, «fcc., tearing off the boarding between the room and passage, and extinguishing the lights. Mis. Scott and her servant were sitting in the room which the nnwelcomo visitor entered, and had a narrow escape from death, one of the boards which had been ripped off striking her on the head, producing a slight contu sion, The other members of the family were unsettled by the shock, and, as some of them expressed it, “thought they were blown up.” Work on the new Hudson River Railroad Depot In St. John’s Park, New York, has been commenced. The directors mean to push the work as rapidly as possible, and ex pect to have the ground floor ready for the reception and delivery of freight by the first of May. The building is to be 405x433 feet, three stories high, and will bo fire-proof throughout. There will bo ten tracks run ning over the ground floor, accommodating one hundred and sixty cars, with ample plat forms sixty-five lect wide, between every two or four tracks. The cost will reach nearly, If not quite, a million of dollars. The ground, which was bought of the Trinity corporation, cost one million of dollars, and a check for that amount was given last week by Cor nelius Vandeibilt. The advantage to shippers of a largo depot and storage house in this locality can scarcely bo overestimated. The merchant at Chicago can ship 20,(XX) barrels of flour to Now York, by the Hudson River Road, and have it conveyed direct by rail to this depot, and stored until such time as it Is wanted for shipment abroad. A vast dcu! of bundling will thus be sired. The receipts for the year 1860, of the thea tres of San Francisco, as returned to the In ternal Revenue Department, make a total of $444,191. The Moffat Mansion, on 3cventccnth street, New York, with lots in the rear, hoi been Fold for $213,000, to Arnold, Constable & Co., and tbo same firm has now purchased the mansion next door, number 30 Ea<t Seven teenth street, running through to Eighteenth etrect. The price paid was about $125,000, uni all this properly b to be converted into a dry goods palace. FOREIGN ITEaS. A horrible calamity has occarrcd at Ac crington, in the east of Lancashire, where a fire broke out In a shop over which was an infants’ school. In which wereslxty children. Fortunately a large number were saved, but the Manchester papers state that nine chil dren were burned to death. The removal of two cases of bullion, val ued at upwards of £2,000, belonging to Baron Rothschild, from the forcbold of the Waterloo steamer, while lying in the Thames, ofi the Tower, London, is still un explained. From the description of the missing cases which has becirput in circula tion it appears they were about eighteen inches long by fourteen Inches in depth and width, am] formed of hard knotted fir wood, bound with Iron at both ends, and nailed with long-headed nails. Each of them con tained 800 pounds in silver bars, one marked R 53, and the other R 04. There was no direction on either of them. The chief mate of the Waterloo, who gave Messrs. Roths child’s clerk a receipt for the twelve cases pat on board, is sure he saw them raised by the steamer’s crane from tho lugger boat alongside and immediately lowered into the Hold, and saw them piled in twos near tho bulkhead, and conntcd them, in order to fnlly satisfy himself that there were twelve coses. PERSONAL ITEMS. Prince Salm Salm, who served in our war on the Federal side, is now in command of the ImpcraliSt garrison at Orizaba. B. G. Barnwell, associate editor of Be Bow's Itetiew, denies the report of the death of the editor of that publication, in the following note to the New Orleans Picayune: “I see it stated In yonr issue of this morning that J. D. B. De Bow, editor of Be Bow's Review, is dead. I think it my duty to contradict the statement. The editor is still living and fall of statistical energy. His brother,Mr. Frank lin De Bow, died in New Tork a few days ago. The brief obituary notice in the Times this mornlugjs complimentary, but prema ture.” Ex-Governor Joseph A. 'Wright, of Indiana, who represents the Government of the Uni ted Slates at Berlin, has been suffering for several months from dropsy. For about two months his sickness was of a serious charac ter. An American’s Visit to Uio Queen of Madagascar. [From the Paterson <N. J.) Guardian.! Our friends will bo glad to near that Major Finklemcir is well lu bis far olf home. We have a letter from him, and shall take the liberty ot giving a short acconnt of bis visit to the Queen of Madagascar: On the 19th of November Mr. Flnklemelr went on a Government order to see the Queen, in order to transact official business between tbc United States and Madagascar. The Queen was at the Capital, Antananari vo, and be reached the outer gate of the city on the Ist of December, having been carried on a sedan chair with sixteen stout negroes os the motive power, for four days, along the loot path through woods and over moun tains, there being no carriage roads. The mountains they passed over were from 1,500 to 2,000 feet in height, and in some places It it made one dizzy to look down. He was often astonished at the snre-foot edness of the men, as well as their perfect knowledge of the country, so little marked by paths. The Government mall courier, by travelling day and night, goes this route in five days, when Finklemcir arrived he gave the Public Minister notice of his arrival, and on the second of December, he got permis sion to enter the city with bis sixteen car riers, it having taken that number to carry him over the mountains, four at a time tak ing the sedan choir in which he was. Before he entered the cltv, twelve officers of the Queen In gala uniform, and one hun dred soldiers, with a hand of music, came out and took him into the Capital. The Queen sent Mr. Finklemcir a splendid horse to ride into the city, and an officer who spoke very good English accompanied the party. On entering the city thousands of people were out to see him and to witness the display. The band preceded him and a salute of seven guns was llred from the Queen’s palace. The palace of the Queen is 2,500 feet above the level of the sea, the capital being located on an elevated plateau. By the time Mr. F. reached the city ho was out of provisions, and had his sixteen men to feed; the Queen, however, sent him a hit ox, for food, and the ChlefMialatcr sent turkeys, geese, chickens, lamb, onions, rice, potatoes and other things In ahnndance; so they fared well. Next day the Queen sent to ask how he dnred tbe fatigues of the journey and notifl~ ed him that sue would see him on. the next Sunday, the Bth of December. On; Sunday she sent an escort of palace officers to con* duct him to the throne, where she sat in state with her Ministers around her and a largo number of ladles and gentlemen, all In European costumes, the Queen wearing white brocade with a Hammely a cloak hang ing from tbe, shoulder. She arose and ex tended her hand to him to kiss as Mr. F. en tered, and bo kissed her white kids accord* ing to court etiquette. The Queen is about fifty years of age. quite tall and well educat ed and quite graceful. Mr. Flnklemelr was astonished to see her skin what we in America would call white; and looking yoong for her age. Hr. F. was next introduced to all the Ministers and guests. A great deal of gold and embroide ry was displayed in tbe court dresses of those present, and tbe display was really quite brilliant. After fifteen minutes he with drew. -The officers afterwards told' Mr. F. that the Queen was very well pleased with bis appearance. Tbe Queen asked him dar ing tbe interview If he bad served in the late . war In America, and ifhe had a family. The next day be dined with the Chief Minister per Invitation. The dinner took from 4 p. m. to .10 at night, and was given in a splendid hall with a hoe bund of music playing before the forty guests. The dinner and wine could' not be excelled even in Europe. The finest of china and silver sets adorned the table. Mr. Fink- Icmeir toasted tbe Queen, in the American language, and the Chief Minister toasted the President and Secretary Seward. Mr. Finklemeir stayed In the Capital till the Bth of January, when hebade his adieu to tbe Capital, and returned os he came. A TERRIBLE DISASTER. Explosion of a Powder Magazine near Naples. [Naples Correspondence (February 23) of the London Times.] One of the saddest disasters we have known since 1858, when tbe Fort of St. Vin cenzo was blown up, happened at Posilippo yesterday. About eleven o’clockln the fore noon, we beard the sound as it were of a dls tunt explosion, and mneb anxiety and agita tion existed. Tbe National Guard and the Guard of Public Security were immediately on the alert, not knowing what might be the cause of It, and uncertain whether their ser vices might be needed. Very shortly, how ever, the news arrived that the magazine of powder bad blown up at' Posilippo, and great numbers of tbe authorities, civil and military, were soon hurrying to the spot. From Mergellhia tbe bcautiml district of Posilippo ia studded with charming villas, several of them belonging to our own countrymen. There ate the villas Anpti, Missinelll and Rocca Matilda, all the property of Englishmen; beyond this is a powder magazine in one of tbe vast caves bellowed out m the Tufa Rock, for the pur pose of procuring materials for building. Above the magazine, at Intervals, are the villas RScclardi and Mlnatolo, and further on and close upon the sea is the lovely villa of M. La Haute, formerly the property of the Count of Aqnlla, from whom it was pur chased after tbe exodns of the Bourbons. Near it is a brick kilo, as well os many small houses undergoing repair, or in process of building, and near them the accident occur red, or the crime was perpetrated, for no one remains who can tell the talc. It was im possible to pet beyond tbe road, for a strong cordon of soldiers and police was drawn across, fears being enter tained .of another explosion. I will report, therefore, in the first place what was visible above. Three or fonr poor leilows were lying about wounded, more or less severely, who had, as far as I could make out, been working in the gardens of Count Saseonay or M. La Haute. There was one man who bad just been dug out, after having been buried for twcuty minutes from the bead to tbe knees under a mass of sand and earth. These were taken in charge by the young Princes oj Oldenburg, who occu py a villa not far distant, and of whose kind ness it is Impossible to speak too highly. They hurried to tbe spot immediately* with their medical attendant, carrying with them linen and whatever else might be needed, and assisted m relieving and dressing tbe wounds of tbe sufferers. Looking down on what was an hour before a smiling paradise, the whole place seemed to be reduced to a mass of ruins— bouses shattered or uuroofed, gardens utter* ly destroyed, windows blown in, forming a scene of desolation all the greater for tbe contrast with its former-loveliness, and tbe beauty which still marked the neighboring coast. There Is a little village on the site, tenanted by agricultural laborers or brick layers, and these have all lost either life or property. A nearer view, later in the day, showed us tbe beautiful grounds of 31. La Haute, torn on and covered witn papers and books; the ladies had just retired .from the breakfast room when tne disaster occurred, and here tbe windows btid been blown in, and mirrors atd other property destroyed. A few moments more, and 3lmc. La Haute and Mmc. Sassonay would inevitably have been among the victims. The powder magazine was In a deep hol low underneath the villa, and high above it, across the gap, is a vineyard. Seven bodies had been curried up there—three of children, four of men, two of whom, were soldiers, one of the marines, the other of the Twenty second Regiment; and a woman’s head lay covered over in a basket. A man, half-fran tic, w&s running about in search of bis wife and three children, while a poor woman with an infant at her breast sat weeping for ber hnsbaud, and rocking herself in all the imbecility of unavailing grief. It was a dreadful scene to wituess, ami the amount of the disaster is not yet known, lor they are still engaged in disinterring the dead. So far my report Is from observation. By favor of tue Qucstura I now give yon somethin? more certain. The Inspec tor ofFosillpuo had for some time suspected that powder had been stolen from the maga zine in that district, and that it had been ef fected by an officer of the marines called D’Acuoto, custodo of the magazine, and lomerly in the Bourbon naval service. With a small salary, he kept a carriage, and this increased suspicion. On Thursday evening, the inspector, Signor Vespa. obtained proofs of bis guilt, and took him before tboQuostor jesteraay morning, when he confessed his guilt, lie then returned with him to Posil ippo, accompanied by a body of police, and proceeded to visit a house which D’Acanto had rented in which to deposit bis plunder. As they were entetiug to verily the quantity of powder sto len, D’Acunto persuaded the inspector to withdraw the guard, so large a force being unnecessary, he urged, now that be had con fessed. The only persons, therefore, who entered the secret depository were two guards, a Vice Brigadier, the Inspector, Vespa and D’Acunto. In an instant after . Urn explosion took place, blowing the vic tims to pieces, and some into the sea, and undermining the house of the officer of the guard and other houses in the neighborhood, ont fortunately leaving untouched the great magazine close at hand, whsre it is sup posed that from 500 to TOO kilogrammes of powder arc kept. From Investigations already made, it Is supposed that about forty persons were In the Immediate neigh borhood, twenty are severely wounded, ten others arc not yet found. The total loss, however, cannot yet he known. In the crowd were the principal authorities of Naples, our Consul. Mr. Bonham, (as many of our Eng lish residents have villas at Posilippo,) and Prince Cnrlguano. Thus another crime, ac companied by a fearful tiagedy, has been added to the large number committed by public employes. Anything like confidence has almost ceased to exist. THE FASHIONS. Fnrls modes for march. _• fFrom Le Follet.J An immense variety in dress seems to be the oidcr ol tbe day in the fashionable world. Different visits require their different toilets —thus, If tbe call to be made be only on some very intimate or family friend, the long dress, quite plain and simple, but generally black, is the proper thing, the short dress for walking being, even for stich occasions, inadmissible; wnile, for more ceremonious calls, the dress must be of rich material, perhaps handsomely trimmed, and, of course, that can scire for two purposes, being -suitable also for a dinner, mudo with a long train. The latter is about the only toilet, theatre, or ordinary eveulug dress. Taffetas, satin, velvet and moire, Ly ons silk and the favorite foulard, arc all ma terials In vogue. We may mention that black is so thoroughly preferred for morning dress, that it may be called nearly universal. Tbe old Spanish custom seems almost to have become national in France, so that, out of a hundred ladles, one may see eighty of them in black during tbe day. Nothing is more ladj-like in appearance than a good black dress, but when the whole toilet Is composed ot the same dark hue. it produces rather a sombre effect. Black taffeta Is much used for the short dress, the robe, pet ticoat and paletot, all of the r same and trimmed with jet. Black foulard is less ex* pensive, and looks extremely well for these toilets;-also foulards of a dark color, either plain or of a black ground with a colored pattern; bnt with these materials the petticoat must Invariably be of the same. Black lace Is In great re* quest this winter, particularly for trimming evening dress; the lined lace mantle is also worn for visiting or at weddings. Tbe laco pcplnm or basquino makes an extremely pretty finish to tbe dress, and the zouave of lace, with long ends crossing at the back, is charming for yonng ladies, and may bo worn either with high or low body. Tulle dresses arc usually trimmed with flowers, wreaths marking the scams; for young cornflowers, daisies, bindweed or forget-me nots ; while for ladies, roses, jasmlnel tulips, caraelias or rhododendrons are used, mingled with dewdrops of crystal or diamonds. 'For rich silks, lace, with jewels, Is the most ap propriate trimming. Amber Is ;tnnch used wlta black velvet for evening dress, and, in deed, amber arc worn on black velvet bonnets. There Is no change since last month in the form of the bonnets. They are still as small, and as ranch ornamented with beads. Vel vet and satin ore also the principal materials used, although some Spring bonnets arc already making their appearance. The strings, which are very long, are frequently of velvet, edged with blonde or iace, while many arc formed of velvet plaits, jnst crossed under the chin with brides of lace or talle crossing above ihem, and fastened by a flow er or Jeweled ornament. Strings In this style are much worn by the Empress. An elegant little bonnet of pink terry vel vet was trimmed with a wreath of small leaves, formed of jet beads: at the sides a puflbf black feathers. ngs of wide pink satin, with a scarf of black Ucc, worked with bcadaJfalliug over. A violet velvet botnet was trimmed with a wreath of small white feathers, and niche of w hite satin all ronnd. Strings of white satin, and the small curtain covered with white lace, embroidered and edged with pearls. A Mary Stuart bonnet of pcarl-grey satin. The edge is trimmed with a Iringe of mara bouts and white beads. At tbe left side a boquet of primroses, made of white velvet, with gold centres. A vode eatalalne floats at the back, so as to form a curtain, which is edged with a fringe of feathers and beads. The strings of gray satin. The logtut Henri 111. which Is an elegant coiffure, is generally trimmed with a wreath, either of feathers or the metallic leaves so much worn just now. A very charming toquet was made ot azure blue velvet and white tulle, with a wreath of small feathers. Instead of ribbon strings, a velvet plait crossed under the chid, ana 'hridw'ofhloud j fastened byan agraffe of gold, •ad atone*. ■ Another, In the same style, was black vel vet workea with beads. An aigrette of white leathers, and strings the same as those to the lastbonaet described. : Ah elegant bonnet lately worn at a wed ding was of pink silk, partly covered with white bottSbnns. Bands of pale pink- tulle trimmed with bloado were crossed under the chin. Aboquet of white jet, with crystal ' drops on one side, and a light trimmlog, of white jet falling over the back hair, .com pleted the trimming of this much-admired coiffure. '• Wc conclude our remarks on bonnets for this month by the description of a ioqvetot scarlet .velvet, embroidered with gold, to which were attached two wide barbes of tnlle worked with gold falling over the shoulders. A bouquet of white velvet prim roses, with gold centres on one side. AN IMPORTANT RAILROAD SCHEME. Proposed Freight Railway From Some Point on the nintfaslppi Klvcr mihe Stated nimolv. Through Illinois, In diana, Ohio, Pennsylvania and New Tortt* " On the 9th inst.. Senator Harlan, of lowa, introduced a bill in tbe United States Sen ate, which was read twice, and. referred to the Committee on the Pacific Railroad. The object of the bill is said to be “To au thorize and provide for the construction of a national military .and freight railway from the Mississippi River to certain ports on the Atlantic, and for other pur poses,” The first section enumer ates a multitude of corporators. The eccocd section marks the proposed lice of route, which Is to bo “from some feasible point on tbe Mississippi River in the State of Illinois, through the States of Illinois, Indi ana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York, to or near the city of Syracuse, in the State of New York.” From this point a southern fork Is to pass through Binghamton and thence southeasterly to the Delaware River, where lb again forks, one line running to Philadelphia and-tbe other through New Jersey to a point opposite New York. The eastern fork leaves Syracuse, crosses tho Hudson at Troy or Albany, branching again after crossing the river, one branch ruontng down to New York and the other going straight to Boston. A third branch from Sy racuse runs to Oswego. The proposed railway is to differ from ex isting lines in this, that the proprietors are to furnish the road-bed, a doable track, and station facilities only, the carrying—which is to be for freight and mails only, except when men in tbe United States service are to be conveyed—being done by Individuals not connected with the road. The railroad Is, in fact, to be on tho same principle as a canal, on which every person Is at liberty to run his conveyance on payment of certain tolls fixed by the company or by Congress, and - all trams are to be ran at a fixed rate of speed, and according to tbe rules to be established. The united States is at all times to have free transmis sion ot men and materials over the road. Tbe amount of capital stock is not fixed, but the shares are to be one hundred dollars each, gold valuation. So far the rights and duties of tho company ; now for other fea tures of the bill. Section sis provides that the United States, any State, and any county or Incorporated city, when properly authorized by the State in which it is situated, shall be allowed to take stock in the road to the aggregate of about three-fourths of the entire stock, on payment of the full price of the shares takeu in gold or its equivalent and is authorized to receive “any donations in laud or other property which may be mace by the United States,” &c. The United States also grants the right of way over thepnbllc lands of the United States, with each other lands os may he necessary for the purposes of the road, and gives the right to enter on any private property sub ject to payment of assessed damages. Section ten grants the power to purchase the road bed and stationary appurtenances of any other railway on Its lino of route, or to cousoldatc with the same. Section fifteen provides for the appointment of a Commissioner for the line by the Presi dent, with the concurrence of the Senate, “whose eaiary.shallbe fixed bylaw, andpaid out of the Treasury of the United States .” The following is the sixteenth section of the bill; Sxc. 16. That in order to avoid perplexity and Injustice, the property of the company hereby in corporat'd shall not be subject to btolc, nor municipal taxation; but the Dolled Stales shall have power to levy a tax io gross on the in come of said company, and which, when so levied, chaH be paid Into the Treasury of tbc United Stales, at the office of the Assistant Treasurer, in the city o> New York, or such other place as may be designated by the Secretary of the Treasury of ■he Coned Slates. THE TABIFF-0N ABT.<crß from ’ William Collen Bryant and ibe Sculptor Power*. [Florence (Italy) Correspondccce (February 25), ol the New York Foat.J Tbc aitists here arc much alarmed at the prospect of a heavy duty to be lafd by Con gress on works of art not by American artists, imported into the United States. I enclose a letter trom tbe eminent sculptor Powers, in which be shows the consequences of such a proceeding on the part of oar Government. That it will provoke retaliation there Is no doubt entertained here; and the ctfect will be to embarrass and distress very much tbe artists who arc pursuing their studies in thia and other foreign countries. Discriminating duties imposed by one Government always occasion discriminating duties by other Gov ernments. An export duty on works of art scut home by American artists will assuredly be laid by tbe Governments of those countries where tbe fine arts are most cultivated, and which will, therefore, be most prejudiced by a heavy duty on their works of art imported into America. Another effect of tbe duty will bo to make works of art exorbitantly dear in the United Stales. Only the very rich will bo able to have pictures on tbeir walls. Your million aire will not mlcd tbe duty; he will have tbe picture, or tbe statue, or tbe bust which pleases his fancy, in spite of the import duty laid by our Government, or the export duty laid upon the works of American artists by foreign Governments; the man ofjnoderate means will button up his pockets. The duty will be, therefore, a duty laid for the discour agement of art. 1 hope that the protest of Mr. Powers against tbe proposed duty will receive tbe attention it deserves. Theartlsts who asked for the measure could not cer tainly have foreseen tbe consequences which ate certain to flowfrom It. LETTER FROMMR. POWER?. My Beau Fin: There is a statement in the New York Evening JtMt that Congress la aoont to lay a heavy duly on foreign woiks of att; sobigu,in crcd, os to shutout—torthemoatpart—foreigners from competition wi-b native artists at borne. But however ibis may b«, its effect would be disas trous to American artists in Florence, for It is already threatened here to lay an export duty on our works, in retaliation lor tbe duty already im poml on Italian art. lhave talked with one of the representatives in Uie Italian Parliament bn this subject, who says that while mere copies of paintings or sculptures nay bo properly taxed, he thinks that original work* oy living arutls ought to go free of duty into America, as they do in France and England; and the Government hero would not complain of such a law. . Or coarse we American artists hero feci much anxiety on Ibis matter. There i- no hone for ns II C.ngtcss increases the duty. We shall ait have 10 leave here; for an export duty would tax our. woiks -or America not only, hut everywhere else, and we could not live here. ills nosMble mat tbe Government might be in duced to retaliate by an import duty on American produce—petrolcnm, for instance—which would he more just than sn export du-y on the works ol a few Americans in Florence. There are no other of onr artists in Italy, if I except lu Rome and not nndet this Government. Thus you will per ceive that an act which may be sport to thorn artists at home who have petitioned Congress, if passed by Congress would prove death to all our hopes here. And surely it is an advantage to att In America that some of us should come abroad and tlndy here. The Intention cannot he to pro voke hostility towards us on tbe part of foreign artists and foreign Governments J have no doubt that the Roman Government will follow suit if the Italian Government sets the example of retaliation. And docs onr revenue require a high duty on original works of great masters abroad? oris it that the petitioners desiro 10 compel our people to buy their pictures, or have no pictures at all r 1 do not know if we Americans ore not also In cluded in tho high duty proposed; and if so, then onr case will be desperate indeed. We shall have to ran the gauntlet getting out of Italy with onr works; and also in getting in»o America with them—paying some fifty per cent at head and tall ol onr voyage. It seems to me that the present plan is not a wise one. It is highly calculated to provoke re taliation. We want to sell our produce abroad, acd a law might be made here to-morrow cxclud it.g tbe vast quantities of petroleum entering the ports of Italy from America. And who shall say that this would be unfair? 1 wi:h you to publish (his if you think U would do any good. ‘With kindest regards, I am sincerely yours, Umax Powxcs. Flokesce, February S4,ISG7. OBITUARY. Judge Levi G. Turner, [From tbe Cleveland Herald. March IGIh.J On Thursday, after our paper had gone to press, wo received the sad Telegram from Washington, “Our friend Judge Turner died of apoplexy last evening.” Tnls news will come with startlingforceto the many friends of the deceased in this city, who have known him as a man of great vig or of constitution, of perfect physical pro portions. and of remarkable buoyancy of spirits. The writer of this lately bid good- Oy to the Judge as he laid upon a sick bed, with symptoms that appeared alarming, ana yet under the belief that rest and kind care, would soon restore to health a Iratne that had been overtaxed by duties appertaining to the office of Judge Advocate ot the War Department. Judge Turner formerly resided in this city, following bis profession of the law and man aging Investments lor his father-in-law, the lute Robert Campbell, Esq , ofCooperstown, Kew York. Previous to his residence in this city, Judge Turner had been abroad, and travelled extensively in England and on the Continent. He was a gentleman of rare endowments a very racy, grace ful. and ready writer ; as the older readers of the JJcrold can attest, who have been so often entertained by letters from his pen over the signature of “Otsego.” The happy Cleveland sobriquet, ‘‘Forest City, was given to this city by Judge Turner, In—we think-one of his Herald "Otsego” letters. As a companion, JudgeT. was one of the most charming of men. At one time he took a deep interest In politics, spent ranch of his time in Washington, where he had the advantage of intimate acquaintance with many ol the leading statesmen, and for years was on intimate and confidential rela tions with Mr. Webster. We have hoped Judge Tomer would give to the world his personal recollections of Mr. Webster, be lieving no other mao could do the subject equal justice, and have reason to suppose the idea was entertained by the deceased to be carried into effect whenever he should he able to secure the leisure necessary for snch a work. Judge Turner, in leaving this city, some fifteen years since, purchased an interest in the Cincinnati Gazette, in which paper ho was associated with the late Judge Wright. His editorial career was able and brilliant, for his style was easy, simple, attractive and con vincing. Domestic considerations recalled Judge Turner to Cooperstown. Twice was the de ceased elected to the bench of Otsego Coun ty, and, as a Judge, Ms career was marked with judgment and talent. He resigned the Judiohlp, hnioffbecn »lldi<dbj SecreUij Stanton to take too poaUibn Oz*udgßA.dvo-• cate; the Secretaiy of War haTloa-known* the Judge intimately when raiding this State. Daring the war the labors ©«• the office of Judge Advocate were very laborious and very delicate.' The confidential relations that existed between the Secretary of War and Judge Advocate Turner, .made the latter intimately conversant with the so-, cret service of the Department, and had Judge Turner kept a diary, it would hare contained the most interesting portion of the history of the war. The Judge dally visited the “Old Capitol” and the “Car roll prisons; one devoted to civil criminals the other to State criminals. His .examina tions ot defaulters and tra'tors would afford matter for a work that would illustrate that .‘‘truth Is strargerthan fiction.” • The life of Judge Turner was so interesting as to he even'romantic. He was a native of Sullivan County, New Hampshire. His early yeaiswerea struggle with the world, but a generous disposition, naturally winning man* ners, talent of high order, resolution and ambition that never allowed obstacles to ob struct his path, gained for him a liberal edn catlon at “Dartmouth” and “Union,” and enabled him to acquire a profession which he successfully practiced in conjunction with that distinguished lawyer, the late Robert Campbell, of Coopcratowo, whose daughter the Judge married very soon after acquiring a profession. la 1835 the deceased was attracted by Western speculation, and In two years accu mulated a fortune of $200,000 In land opera* tions at and near Milwaukee. This magnifi cent fortune was lost at Chicago, by the re verses of 1537, and the failure in NewTork of a house lu which he had invested $30,000. Generous accommodations to friends, also, absorbed some portion of his fortune. But the spirits ot the mao never sunk, nor did his energies flag. After retiring from the Cincinnati Gazette and removing to Coopcrstown, the Judge was employed by the New York Tribune, and his contributions to that paper were among the most valuable contents of that sheet, and materially helped to shape the public will that has so grandly carried us through the late terrible war. The Judge died at the age of sixty years and sis months. He leaves a widow; a daughter—Mrs. Randolph—and a son. His eldest son, Campbell, one of the most gifted of young men, died In Boston a few years since. The Judge was a communicant of the Episcopal Church. Somewhat n Ixtd* [From the Lebanon (III.) Journal. March ISth.] Rumor has been busy the past week with the fair fame and names of some of the most respectable families in St. Clair County. In the picturesque language of one oar citi zens, “it fairly reaches into the upperernst.” Some years since the daughter of awealthy citizen of St. Clair County ran away from home to mairy the man of her choice. He was a prosperous farmer, and in wedded bliss they nave journeyed together up to lost January. In that drear, bleak and bitter cold month some misunderstanding arose, and although the wintry blasts were keen, those indoors were keener. Whatever the decision arrived at, a public sale of goods, chatties, stock and fixtures was advertised, and preparations made for migrating. Another lamily in the same locality were attacked in the same manner. The mascu line partner sold out; took his wife to her father’s and paid for her board a year m ad vance, for the assigned purpose of having leisure to look around for an eligible lo cation. This tide in the affairs of the two families had been reached, when the first described party left bis wife at home, with a sick child, and proceeded to Missouri, with the avowed object of purchasing a farm to locate upon. On the day of his departure, the man who had provided for a year's leisure to look about, came to this town and took the afternoon train East. The fame evening, the wife of the first party left her sick child in charge of a female friend, while she went to lie down and rest a few moments. These few mo ments were allowed to grow Into an hour or two; when the nurse thought it was time to be relieved, and then discovered that she was alone, that the mother had fled, bag and baggage—as It afterwards proved, taken the cars at Trenton, and joined the leisurely farmer. It is surmised that the pair are on their way to California. This is but a brief outline of an elopement that has caused the relatives and friends of thcpartles much misery, and we suppress the names in deference to their feelings. The following particulars wo copy from the St. Louis Mepublkan of Thursday, March Two Jlev s*n> a Womak Anscoxnan mow the police yesterday from b. B. Hcott, of bam meifleld. Madison County, 111., that William Boggy and George Hillemsn had left that place, accompanied by Mrs. Nancy M. bcoit, and taking with them about $1,200 in Treasury notes, ibe partita are said to be on their way for California, or Canada, and the police arc requested to arrest ihem. Five hundred dollars reward Is offered for their capture. No particulars is given as to the matter. Intelligence ®Bas been received here that the parties implicated have been arrested in New York, and the husband has taken Ins departure for that place. Tbe Prize King. Vo.) Intelligencer, [From tbe Wheeling (W. March IS.] A prize ficbt came oIT on Wednesday mora ine, at eight o’clock, on Peyton's Island, about fourteen miles below Sardis, Gbio, be tween Tom Sullivan, better known as Young Sullivan, of Pittsburgh, Pa., and Badger Crutchley, of Cincinnati, Ohio, for a purse of five hundred dollars. The fight lasted over three hours, and there were eighty-seven rounds fought, Sullivan winning the fight. Jim Swift and Tom Cooper were Crutch ley’s seconds; Bloody Gardiner well known among the roughs of this city, and Tom Smilh.of Pittsburgh, were Sullivan’s seconds. The whole affair, as represented to ns by an eye witness, was a most brutal affair. Crnlchlej’s right side and neck were beaten almost to a, and his face terribly cat up. It is said that some thice hundred persons were prfesent to witness this brutal exhibition. Money, was bet very freely mostly at first on the Cincinnati man. Htavy sums being bet on him, bis backers kept bim at his work long after it seemed nothing short of murder to brh'g him to the scratch. Fora number of rounds before the fight closed, Crutchlcy’s seconds had to carry him to the scratch, only to re ceive another and another cruel blow, under which he went reeling to the earth, the blood spouting out of bis mouth in ropes. Finally the sponge was thrown up, Sullivan leaped out of the ring, and Crutchley was carried off to a house in the vicinity. [San Francisco Correspondence (Feb. IS) of the New York fleiald.l A prize fight came off between Thomas McAJpine, alias “Soap,” and one Pool, at Pleasant Ranch. Yolo county, on tbe 4th in stant. The party, two hundred strong, left San Francisco In tbe morning on the steamer San Joaquin. The match was for a parse of SIOO, made up on the ground; and Just be lore the fight began beta giving odds were freely offered on McAlplne. After eight rounds Pool was knocked out ol time, and bis second threw up the sponge. McAlpine was formerly a newsboy In Sacramento, is tweety-three years old and weighs one hun dred and fifty-five pounds. This Is his third fight, all of which he has won. Hts antago nist. Pool, Is twenty-five years old, a black smith by trade, and weiglis one hundred and ninety pounds. A Poor JBrnkoman Inherits Fifty Thousand SoUan. (From the Memphis Bulletin, March 13.] About eight years ago a youth, named Edward Griffin, left bis mother’s house. In Toronto, In company with two other lads, for a tour in tbe United States. Not one of them had at the time attained his fourteenth year, but they thought they were well able to go forth and seek their fortunes among the Yankees. Tbe three young adventurers first visited Detroit, where they got situa tions as “bell boys” in a hotel, and after staying a short time they left for pastures new. Chicago, Cincinnati St. Louis, and other places, were visited, and when tho war broke out they became separated. One of their number joined the Federal army, went forth to do battle under the “Stars and Stripes,” and was sap posed to have died early In the , struggle. GtiOin continued to follow the pursuits of a civil life, and it Is said, never bad had any wish to seek a “babble reputa tion at the cannon’s mouth.” At the termi nation of tbe war he found his way to Mem phis, and the first that was really known of him here, was, that he, after seven years’ wanderings, bad settled down to steady em ployment, and bad obtained a situation on tbe Memphis & Ohio Railroad as a brakes man. On all occasions he was regular In the discharge of his duties, and soon became one of tbe favorite employes of tbe road. He commenced to correspond with h's widowed mother, nnd bad expressed an intention of visiting Canada during the present summer, after an eight years’ absence. He pursued bis calling diligently, saving up all the money that was in his power, not having the slightest Idea that fortune was about to play a pleasant freak upon him. There was, however, good fortune m store forhlm who bad so early wandered from nome, for on Monday he received a letter from bis mother, requesting his immediate return to Canada, as hts grandfather had died and had left him a legacy of fifty thousand dollars. Such gold news nearlv overpowered him. He Immediately tendered his resignation, and yesterday left by train for tbe Queen’s dominions, to secure his legacy and remain beside his devoted mother daring the remainder of her life, in the King dom of Canada that Is to be. Tbo Atlantic Cable Tolls. fXoEdon Despatch (March ityof the Kew York •limes.] The Anglo-American Telegraph Company and the original Atlantic Telegraph Com panv held a meeting in this city yesterday, to consider the proposed redaction of tolls upon business transacted over the Cable. Quite unexpectedly to the general public the movement for a reduction Jailed, In con sequence ol the refusal of the Atlantic Com pany to assent thereto. The pnblic should remember although the practical management of the Cable is m the Bands of the Anglo-American Company, no change in rates can be made without the consent of the Atlantic Company. The latter company is the one which ini tiated the Cable enterprise, bat subsequently transferred its franchises and properly to tho Anglo-American Company, which success fully completed the work. Bop-Growing and morality* (From the Madison (Wla.) State Journal, March I.] A perplexing question of casuistry has arisen among the good people of the neigh boring county of Sauk, who are all getting rich in the business of hop growing. In some districts of the East a blight has fallen upon the hop vine. In the fertile val leys cf cauk It flourishes with unimpaired vigor and luxuriance. With short crops at the East, and the increasing consumption ot ale, beer and other malt liquors, the price ot hops has largely advanced. The farmers ol Sank have found tho crop a most profitable one. Wheat raising, wool-growing, und cheese making will compare, m their neenninrv results, with tho culture of hops. ?Le borrowers of Sauk hud their wallets eoreuSfwltb greenbacks, aud are stowing Jw?v sevcmthlrlles and llTe twenties. a Vnw it happens that among their other virtues a largo number of the Sauk County hoo-growers are strenuously opposed to the ase as a beverage, of intoxicating drinks ol all Binds, and regard the drinking of beer as a most dangerous and Immoral practice. Un der these circumstances, and while they are busily engaged In getting their hop-poles In order for the coming season, U Is not dilß cult to conceive of the trepidation earned -the- rtf nnw EM - Carr, -wkk-a leoture-00-Um “morality .ralainghopafbr the’eaicr*l.marl£et.’ r In :be lays down propositions. Th are somewhat startling in their cbaracV They aa&cit.thaCtho chief use of hops Is make beer, and that tbe man who raU -hops dors it with the expectation,that tb will bo converted into beer,*and that If bf drinking is Immoral It follows that he growing Is at least a questionable purs: fora temperance man. Elder Carr is e dcntly one ot those Impracticable, sterr logical, and recklessly radical indlvldua who seem to consldcr it their mission to d tnrb tbe established _ordcr of things, wit out reference to the comfort and eonvonieo of individuals. - A SAD CASE, Love,'Seduction* Abandonment, m attempted Suicide* [Prom the Lafayette Journal, March 13. j A melanchoiybasc of attempted sulci occurred in this city on Thursday evenin A young girl, duly sixteen or seventeen ye: of age, maddened by the consciousness the shame which in the present state of pi lie opinion attaches without hope of delm ance to the loss of purity, ati empted to ta her own life. The story told about the i fortunate young woman Is about as follow She is the daughter of wealthy and higl respectable parents, whose name we wii hold, living in the neighborhood of For mouth, Ohio. While attending school ? made the acqnaiir ance of a well known you man of this city, whom she soon learn to love, and was finally seduced by him a brought to this city, where she lived as I kept mistress. Finally the truth dawn -upon her mind that be bad no intention marrying her, and she attempted to comn suicide by-taking a poisonous preparation zinc. A well known physician was called who succeeded in saving her Ufa. From! physician, before she kuew that she was i to die, she extracted a promise to have 1 body sent to her father, but would not gi his name, saying sho would leave where he could find it. Sho recover! however, but not until the humane phy cian bad obtained a clue as to the name a residence of her parents, who were writi to by several well-known citizens, and indt ed to again take her under their roof. Tj occurred some months ago. Her old hoi proved very unpleasant to her, as the sti attached to her good name could not be t-a ly forgotten by her former friends and as. mates, so she resolved to come again to ti city and hunt up her faithless lover. Arr icg here on Thursday night, she went to I young man’s room, where she found h In company with another woman. 31: dened with Jealousy, she at once wc to a druggist’s and procured two a a half ounces cf laudanum. 1 turning to his room in Uls absence, she sw lowed tbe entire dose. Tbe young man so after came Ic, and oulearning what she h done, was thoroughly frightened, and bez e bird to be allowed to take her away as feared that he would be charged with 1 murder, promising that he would send foi pbyslciau and never leave her until she I recovered. She accordingly allow him conduct her a bouse on Third street, I upon arriving there heard some oreapproa' ing he dropped her at tbe doorstep and fl> nor has he since been to her, proving conclusively that Is a hard-hearted as well as a fil hearted wretch. She was taken Inside a Drs. Chestnut and O’Fcmll called in, w! in consequence of the large dose of t poison she bad swallowed, had little di culty in saving her life. Upon being qu tioned why she had made tbia second tempt upon hrrlife, she replied that she 1 no desire to live—she had ruined herself a disgraced her father and mother, and cm cot and would not' go hack to them. 1 lover, for whom she had sacrificd hers bad cast her off and cared no more tor he she had no place to go, nor no one care lor her, so there was but two alter t-ves left her, either alifeof prostitution c further shame, or death, and she prefert the latter. The poor girl deeply iccls t humiliation she has brought upon hers but woman-like, has no word of cens against her faithless lover. We nndersta some of the benevolent ladles of the c have a project in band which, if she acccp will prove greatly to her advantage hert ter, and place her above the reach of fut temptation. Jvlmsmart SHU outlie Franchise Women. The chairman of the late reform dcra stration at York, has received communi tions from Earl Russell and Mr. J. S. .Mill, P.. acknowledging votes of thanks to th at the meeting. Mr. Mill, in hi* letter, sa •‘I hope you will permit me to observe t tbc principle that it is unjust that the gr hulk of the nation should be held atneiu to laws in tbe making of which they bad voice, cannot stop at 'residential manlu enlTiage,’ but requires that the extended to womeu also. I earnestly hi that the working men of England will sh. the sincerity of their principles by be willing to carry them out when urged iu vor ol others beside themselves.” Obituary. [Communicated. I Departed Ibis Ufa on Sunday morale?, Ma ITiL, at tbe Douse of tbe Stalcra of -'Uuu-jr v bleb she was Supci lor. Sister Anne Kevins . dan. Slsler Anne Regina was bom December - IS£l, m tbe coonty of Donegal, Ireland. At age of six years ebe came with her parent; Philadelphia, and wo* there educated by tee « order of which ebc was afterwards ?o beloved useful a member. Du tbe 10th of July, ISII, entered tbe Society of the oblers of Cbaritt at" Joseph’s, Lnmettsburg. and made her vows tbe Feast of St. .Joseph (March lktb)« ISM. , first mlesion from the Mother Douse was to : Louis, accompanied by two Sisters ai d ana- Mother in religion, wltawbom she continued i j cnlctn jears—seventeen years of scch laoors, '■ rations and bappineas os tbe Inner bL-tor.; religions communities alone famishes to annals of the world, ihr Don.*o was commen in great poverty, tbe poverty which Vmcuo Paul loved, and which his Daughters have nt feared. Not once only, bat repeats have tteso good Sitters gone f. their school dutl-s on visitati tu the elck, from viai-ationa (o evening pnr and. »apperlcss 10 bed, rather than allow t s.raliness to be known even to those who vre have considered ir a privilege to ret eve it. l'i such fortitude, cbeei fulness acd courage nro->c flourishing school of tae Sts'ers of Charity in lonia, in which sister Anne Regina wore a peaceful triumphs on tbe side of innocence nu knowledge. Bat it was not hi the pchooi-n alone that sister Anne Hegira shone with a q splendor. During tbe a*fnl visitation ot cnoTcra to St. Louis in ISU-50. one tm.-nt t supposed that tor this emergmc? she bad recei her'ocllou Day and night (for through dreadful season they were dispensed fiom t rule forbidding night service), was ibis coan oop, faithful aaushtcr of M. Vincent d*r I found by the beds of tbe victims. To all co dona and clas>es shs flew on tbe swift feet • charity which thongnt not of seif. Once culled. was fallh/nl until medicines or, tar more treqn ly death, relieved tbo sufferer. Then her ua closed the sunken eyes, prepared the rucked b forfts burial. Pew were tbo boosts which hi Anne Regina did not visit a** a ministering ai daring that awlol pestilence. Her c panions have ' often - said that n* was she so perlectiy at her ease, so folly her: as eating this coniaai-.0. which tested every - nlty of mind and soul and body. It was in that the unremitting labors of Sister Anne Ret told unmistakably on her overtaxed frame, heart that bad beaten so symoathetlcallr with; cry form of human torrow and suffering sect! to have broken through the narrow cnaunelj ordinary pulsation. From this attack ene o<> recovered, yet a yvar,spent in Philadelphia j her only respite. On the 2ilh of Aognst. cumpaniea by two Sisters, she came to oar •* city of Chicago, took possession of a rer* boose, and commenced berarduoas mission. ■ those who knew her unobtrusive persevere, her invincible patience during these flvey-i and a few months, how unspeakably prcctoij tbe memory of sister Regina I Hundreds of <i will overfiow with a sodden ebower ot tear: they recall the simple advent of lhei*e tJ daughters of St. Vincent de Paul, and retrace) steps daring these, to so many, deeply ever; years. Bat while her mission was still to its s canoas infancy eh* was called from Its roniic teaching and charity to tbe camp bospij Never was there an obedience n* prompt (ban the one ebo practiced at ibc cat. her superiors. There was no indecision, no qi lion ol expediency. Der school wa-» insial closed, and with her Sisters eba departed to) scenes of war and suffering. Through all tt terrible summer months, wl'hoat s thought her own broken heath, she pertormed her be. duties under every form of Inconvenience, w mg miles every day under a Lornirg son, ucc plaining, cheerful. constant. In September retnrntdlo her Chicago Mission, renamed threads of her charities, and from that Umclc three weeks before her death, her white cor tremulous from her evident weakness, baa t seen among the hovels of extreme poverty, at bedsides or the sick and dying, in the ceil of., condemned ciiminal, Hilling lu ihe early m>' lags to the chapels, where she ever chose lowliest place, among the children at their communion, or superintending their little P vals; everywhere, with the same quiet in gencc, tbe same unassuming away. Witn terrible cholera weeas of last autumn, bi Anne Regina again stepped Into tbe fca arena of sickness and death, faithful to last sigh of the deputing; and the mo whose last pang she cad robbed of its terr whose last thought she hod directed Hen ward, left to her the little brood of orpt Cor whom she coold no longer toll. We have r her returning from ibeso dreadful scenes le-ic or carrying In her arms these forlorn little o for whom she bad no asylum of her own, but whom she always fonnu a protecting wing. I jug the last witter “Tbe Confraternity of the dies of Charity*’ was formed under beranspi This ConiialeicUy, bating for its roles the ’ ones given by St. Vincent de raid, ha s aln gone Into successful operation, its wise and cnnutating chanty is extended to all, of what nation or creed, and the ladies who have co mated with the Sisters of ChatUy will always member with pious pleasure chat tbe lost .ro of Slater Anne Regina were bestowed npc work of mercy so dear to her heart. We have given a hasty sketch of Sister Anne' glna as she was to the world, but if to us -he ko lovely, so admirable, so edifying, so codes, If we sbed such tears over her precious men. what shall we say ot ber own community, her- Sisters m religion ; of those who were so sol ona to prolong this dear and invaluable life; ‘ watched wiUiall the ardor of supernatural afec ber last days and nights of sneering, who take to their own death-beds such an esamp’ a perfect religious I If our Sifter Anne ife; mm>t be taken thus with years of extraotd r usefulness In prospect, holy Indeed Is tbe p lege to have her die m our midst, and sweet ? ho her praises on onr lips, for she who shi even from the mention of her own virtues cai now he tcnlfled by their recital. “ Whene’er a noble deed Is wrought. Whene’er Is spoken a noble thought. Our hearts in glad surprise To higher levels rise. “ The tidal waves of deeper souls Into our Inmost being rolls. And lilts it unawares Oat of all meaner cares.” Thus let'll be with ns who hare been bl«t the life and dealb of this meek Sister of Cba; tnd while we venerate her memory, let ns m forget to render her what the craved more t misers crave gold, a pious “ Hnsquvsrzt 1/j j.a masonic. Dicatuix, In., March t*, i ; - To tbe Worshipful Masters, Wardens and Bred F. and A M. of Chicago. Bcrramn: The anthonliea of jonr cll T ‘. invited Ibe Masonic Fraternity to lay the t’u; Since of the new buildings lor the Water W<> on Monday next. 25th lost., at tea o’clock. 2 . Ard as it is eminently appropriate that tho t. should take part In all meat public improved-- U la my wish that the brethren >*lll make irri; xneu«a to be out in force. I therefore frateru request every Lodge mlhe city to iom wtih' Gtatd l.ooge in the ceremonies. Command of Height.- Templar and other Masonic bJ are fraternally milled to participate on the o aim. Officers of the Grand Lorfgc are hereby no*.. that the Grand Lodge will be opened at M*«- Ten.ple an Monday, 25th loatanr. at nine o'e.. a. tn., at which time and place the several Ix» lb the city and other Masonic oodles will The procession will be formed at hall-ps»i > o’clock. The bands of music are requested to alien the above time si.o plicc. Fr.tvrniny J. It. (lOSIN, Grand Mia'i