Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, 21 Mart 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated 21 Mart 1867 Page 2
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djkogo Cribrnu. unt,w-inni.Tinvßni, OFF ICE. 81 CLARKJW, 'noaleeOneedttuwermefßsnnsmMa. x Twyaonaaa.n>rcirecUg«>a by cantata. aewnMn and the min. 2d. TfaeTc-wnaLT, Mondays, Was BMnajr «s Fhdaj*. far ttm ttaHT oalys* M*tte WnaLT.on the fti* at'oer tnw «fihe dkusfittast ■ - p*ur ddireed nf-me ow •yr h eea)~. .y.yj --*» -Paliy.serailmtM&ibftt (par •* biela tdriMc) ijn fper aim«, NffahlUn advance) Weekly, (pg annum, payable in advance) as# iiyii w-meywrastnee— aiatm. XWoaa xwaittiaf and orin>a five or store eeplea of enter the Tri-Weekly or Weekly edldonr. may retain ten per cent af the aahacrlpuoD prloeas a » oncm Bubscszbrs.—in orucring the audreaa ot your.papa chanced. «o 'net cut delay, be sure and tpeefly whatemaon you take—weekly. Trt-Weekly. •r Dally. Also. giveronrrrwtTVTsndfatare addreae (V Mosey, by Draft, Express, Money orders, orta •egMtaedLeners.maybeaaitatourrlak. AddreM, TRIBUNE CO. CUeim 111 THURSDAY, MARCH 21,1357. NATIONAL ADD SECTIONAL PAS- TIES. The never-ceasing cry of tho “Democrats” against the Republican party, from the very day ofits organization down to the outbreak of the war, was, that-it was a “sectional party.'* It was said that it had no organi zation fa any State south ol Mason and Dixon's line; no candidates, no constltn . onto, and no sympathizers; that the senti ments of tbo people of the South were unanimously hostile to its principles, and that those who entertained them were re garded as enemies of society. The Northern orators who proclaimed the exalted virtue and eminent patriotism (?) of Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan, and called on the peo ple to elect them to the Presidential office, were accustomed to boast, on every occa sion, that they could go into any part of the country. South or North, and avow thexr principles without fear or interruption; their party had its supporters and its can didates fa every State, county and township in the land; and hcncc they jumped to the conclusion that the Republican party was sectional and ’he so-called Democratic party wasnatioaal. They pointed to the tact that in the Convention which nominated Fremont, fa 185fi, there were noautborized representa tives of a slaveholding State, and In the Con vention that nominated Lincoln, in IStfO, that the Southern delegates were self-appointed, or, at best, represented bnt a handful of “abolitionists.” So iar as these assertions related to the or ganization of the Republican party in the Southern States, tho sentiments of the white -people thereof, they were, in the main, though not strictly, true. There was a small organization in Kentucky, under the lead of Cassius M. Clay, that voted for Lin coln and n.mlin, and about twelve huedred votes for those candllates were cast in West Tirginia, and about as maoy in Maryland. But the men were tew who had the courage to admit their sympathy with the Repub lican party, even in those communities. It is well known that for years Hr. Clay carried his life fa his hand, and that he was more than once attacked by the pro slavery ruffians, who thirsted for his blood, and only saved himself by bis personal prow ess and skill in the use of weapons. On one occasion,while addressing anand!encc,bewas attacked by three of the “ chivalry'* who had sworn to murder him. One of them he killed on the spot, another he wounded so - badly that for a long time be was not ex pected to live, and tbe third he disabled. He was himself terribly wounded, and for some time his recovery was uncertain. The profession of Republican principles fa the “ South” had too many obvious difficulties to commend it, except to the enlightened, fearless and reflecting men, of whom there arc some in every community, who cannot he deterred from expressing their convictions cither by menaces on the one band or the allurements of popular favor on the other. These men were almost as lew as the righteous of the condemned cities, but they and the despised negroes were nev ertheless the repositories of the sacred fire ol liberty in the Southern States. Many of them were driven forth is scorn and with every mark of indignity that pro -slavery malice could invent, while ethers fell the victims of a more summary and violent per secution. AH Ibis was true, yet it was not the fault ol thc-Bcpublican party or of its principles. On the contrary It furnished one or the best arguments fa favor of the doctrines of that party; for the fact that free speech and free opinion were cloven down with murderous and remorseless violence in every slaveboldiug State as the direct result of the institution, famished a most potent reason why the system should not be extended to Territories where it did ac t exist by law. But it is not our purpose to argue over again the cam-e of the Republican party in the days of Fierce and Buchanan. The issues oo which that party was founded have been settled by tbe American people,—first by tbe peaceful exercise of the right of fran chise, and finally by the sword. We refer to the tacts now to show what mighty changes have been wrought by the great contest through which the country has passed. The enfranchisement of the negroes of the South, and the change of views wrought by events, gives the Republican party a strength. in tbe South to-day p from which its enemies ehrink back in de spair. It renders it almost certain that five of the ten insurrectionary States will cast their electoral vole for the presidential can didates of tbe Republican party in ISGB. The New York Work?, in an article to which wc alluded yesterday, virtually ad mits this, for it declares there Is no hope for the Democrats to carry “such Slates” as Alabama, without the aid of poverty, short crops and Impending starvation, together with the ability to make the negroes believe that these calamities are the offspring of liberty, and that Heaven has shown its dis pleasure at the overthrow of slavery, by tending on the laud divers scourges and plagues. But while holding out tbe hope that the white men of the South can control the negro vote now by undertaking tbe missionary labor of frand and deception at once, it still admits that a year or two of freedom will reconvert the black population to the laitb from which It now seeks to have them seduced by false hood. Such is the frail staff on which the leading organ of the once mighty Democratic party leans as the sole means of future suc cess! But we can assure him that even this hope will foil. The negroes of the South are not as Ignorant of the issues involved in the elec tions to be held next fall as the IForitZ imagines. Even while In slavery they had secret means of communicating intelligence w Ith astonishing rapidity and accuracy, and the roar of actual battle had scarcely pealed through the land, before every slave in the South detected in tbc sound the w elomc voice ol freedom. That race, down-trodden and kept in the grossest ignorance, had from the first an instinctive comprehension of the great issues of the war, nor were their mas ters able to deceive them with all their cun ningly-devised falsehoods The negro was lojal to tee Union,and his faith lu the tri umph of its arms was unfaltering from the first. He freely oflered his life in its defence, and he felt the inward conviction, strong as his religious belief, that in return Lis rights as a pmri would be fully recognized. He knows now as well as he knew then the parly in whose ranks his friends arc to be leur.d, nor can the men who ouce wielded the lash over him in his degradation deceive him now more than they could dur ing the war. The negroes of the South wi.i vote for the Republican candidates, in spite of the poverty and short crops which the World bails as such a Godsend to the so called Democratic party. In Alabama there was a negro population iu 1800 of 430,003, and a while i*opulation of 520,000. The Radical party of that State, secure of the co-operallcn of the blacks, may count with seeming certainty on carrying the State. The meetings of white men that have hceu held there since the passage of the Recon struction Law, show an unexpected Radical strength. In Louisiana the black population is just about equal to the white, while the Radical party are certain ot at least ten thousand white votes, in North Carolina, the Union party is so strong that the negroes hold the balance of power. In ilitfiisslopi the blacns have a majority of a hundred thousand over the whites, aud iu South Carolina a still greater preponderance. TTc bctlcvc the five States we have named ■will throw their electoral vote for a Republi can President in 1808, and that it is quite probable that Georgia will do the same- Thus the great Republican party, never sectional in its principles, being the friend and advocate of the rights of oil men, but rendered geographically sectional Tor a time by the lawless violence of the advocates of slavery, aud by the ex istence of that barbarous institution itself ju the Southern States, is to-day the ouly national party in existence. The great act of mercy and justice which broke the fetters of four million bondmen, was its triumph in the South and the pledge of its future power. iMeanlinre the so-called Democratic party, so boastful six years ago of its ‘‘nationality,” has been broken Into fragments. But ten of its members from the North now sit in the Senate of the United States, its former leaders in tbe South are humbly asking par don of the Government they vainly sought to destroy. It retains a foothold in the city of New York, waere the mass of its voters are more ignoiaut than the negroes of the South ever were, even in the days of slavery. But Its power has departed forever. It can no longer offer any inducements to the South for a ores eaU tied Itaelf to the decent respect of Ita South ott llUn, receive do sympathy fro* thefafattiflial agony. . 1 AN laWEItIYB om. There la no more sacred and inherent right in the anpreqae authority of a nation than the right of prescribing in the fundamental law the qualifications of its officers, and the qualifications' Of iU own or cleetora. No nation cah-with safety dele gate or abandon this power to any other bodjror State.. It is * erent right! pertaining. to the.eupreme power in every nation; so inalienable is it, that the supreme power uf the nation most exist fa tactJf not in theory in that body which hais' the liohs bfthe electors and the qualifications qf the officers who are toadminieter-thegoveni meat. . The framers of. onr Constitution exer cised this power. Political and geographical jealousies prevented at. the time the establishment ■of a uniform' twfa ifa the qualification of voters, but they accepted and finally. -adopted the rule of admitting to the right of voting for Representatives in Congress all those then qualified, or who might thereafter become qualified under'State laws to vote, for mem bers of- the most numerous branch of the State Legislature. That is and has been the constitutional qualification of voters for members of .Congress from the date of the Constitution to the present time. Intimate ly connected with the right of suffrage is the distribution of representation. The oldsys; tem of slavery succeeded fa having itself represented fa Congress; that is to say, fa addition to the representation which the slaveholding States had according to the numbers of its free or political population, it secured for that, free. population the right of electing other representatives for the poo? ulation which was held as property. At the time of the adoption of the Constitution free negroes were voters,. or were not prohibited from voting, for of the most numerous branch of the State Legislature fa all the elaveholdfag States then fa the Union, South Caro. Ima alone excepted. The prohibition of negro (free) suffrage is of comparatively modern date. The framers of the Constitu tion in making all persons voters for mem bers of Congress who by State laws were at that time entitled to vote for members of the Legislature, adopted that rule which preached the nearest to general suffrage, and n Inch, so far as the laws of the slaveholdfag Slates were concerned, was not restricted by color, and was extended to all freemen. The abolition of slavery has of coarse ren dered the present system of apportionment of Representatives, so far as the sameapplied to slaves, obsolete; but it left, without any sound reason for _snch a role, the right of choosing the representatives for the freed . population in the hands of those who were already provided for fa ■ the apportionment, in other words, the abolition ol slavery in creased the representative population, but -did not • increase the number of electors. This injustice proceeds from the departure by those and other States from the conslitu lional rule and intention of having the suf frage for Representatives fa Congress as broad, and not as restricted as any State might adopt fa its own affairs. The evil has also grown out of the theory that the Constitution gives to the States the right to fix the qualifications of voters for mem bers of Congress,. when fa fact the Consti tution exercised that power directly in the first instance, and provided that whenever a State enlarged the suffrage for the popular branch of its own Legislature, it should be correspondingly enlarged for representa tives in Congress. It was never intended or anticipated by the Constitution that the suffrage, as it then existed, should ever be restricted. The Constitution proceeds upon the ground of an extension of suffrage in time, and it provided that the qualifications of voters for Representatives in Congress should be liberalized and not restricted as univeral suffrage became more general. The Southern States are obout to be re constructed- In their present provisional condition they are subject to the legislation oi Congress. That legislation has provided lor impartial suffrage in all the preliminary prcceedings towards the organization of State governments, and has provided that the same shall be secured by their State Constitutions. The recognition of such State Constitutions by Congress, and the ad mission of Senators and Representatives of such States, arc conditional, also upon the ratification of the Constitutional Amend ment making the number of electors the basts of representation. This, while it se cores the conntry generally from represen tation in Congress of those denied apoliti cal existence, does not restore the original design of the Federal Constitution, that all freemen should be represented In Congress, and have a vote in the election of those repre sentatives. The rebel States may provide for impartial suffrage as a con dition for readmiseion, but where Is the guarantee that once admitted they will not withdraw the suffrage from that liberal system and restore the present discnmina tingmle? Why, also, should Impartial suf frage be required in ten States-and not re quired in all the others* What justice is tbeiein making Right a fundamental pro vision of the Constitution of a few States,and not making it equally so in all the States! Why compel Virginia to adopt Impartial suf frage and not Kentucky. Why insist upon it in Georgia and Alabama, and not in Ohio and Illinois ? The people oi the Northern States may not adopt negro suffrage separate ly. As long os each State is left to the choice of doing nothing or making a role that Is not universal, they will choose the former; but let there be a distinct proposi tion to substitute for the present constitu tional definition of the qualifications of voters, another which will secure to all adult male citizens of the United States, whether natives or naturalized, the right of voting at all elections for officers to be elect ed under tb» authority of the United States, and of the State in which they may be domi ciled, and the people of all the Northern States will ratify it promptly. Had snch an amendment been proposed last year it would have been ratified by the Legislatures of every Northern State that met this winter. There can be no permanency to a system which enforces one role upon one portion of the conntry and not upon the other. There Is no justice in it. As no plan of reconstruc tion be satisfactory or complete that dots not include impartial suffrage, so no rule of impartial suffrage can be just which is discriminating in its application to the several States ; which makes the election of Representatives and Governors void in cer tain States unless there be impartial suffrage, and which docs not make it at all necessary in other States. There has been an unfound ed apprehension in the minds of Congress men that because the people of a few States, and the Legislatures of other Slates have re fused to adopt negro suffrage, that, therefore, a proposition to adopt impartial snffrage as a National rule, would not he acceptable. This assumption is not correct. Thousands in Illinois who would vote to make impar tial suffrage part cf the National Constitution, will not vote to adopt negro suffrage in this Stale while other States have rejected it. The last Legislature of this jState, which refused to submit to the people a p! oposition to strike the word white from the State Constitution, would not have hesi tated to ratify an amendment to the National Constitution establishing impartial suffrage. For these reasons it is advisable, and It is absolutely necessary, for the future peace and permanency of the Union, that the country should go back to the starting point, and do what the Constitution was originally intended to do, and that is to se cure to every' freeman who is a citizen the right of voting. The practice and theory of permitting the States indirectly to take from the people this privilege are positive infringe ments of the spirit, if not the letter of the Constitution as our fathers made it, and should now be peremptorily extinguished by a fresh exercise of the sovereign power of the nation in a formal provision of the Con stitution. It will not do to postpone or to leave this subject to be attended to alter reconstruction. The moment the rebel State* arc restored to representa tion, that moment the time for action and reform will close. The failure to make an amendment to the Constitution establishing impartial suffrage as the general law of the land, will lead hereafter to a protracted agi tation and strife, keeping alive the animosi ties and prejudices which should now be al layed, and ending os no man can foresee. Congress should have proposed such an amendment at tbc present session; but, having failed to do so, it will be its Impera tive duty to propose it to the State Lcglsla ttues and the people, at its next meeting. IHE NEWOBLEANS BEI>(JBLICIN. A few days since, we mentioned the fact that it was in contemplation to start a loyal paper in New Orleans, to be called tne iVeir Orlccms Republican. tVe have since received a prospectus, from which we leam that the first number will be Issued on the 25th inst. “It will be devoted to the political, com mercial and Industrial interests of Louisiana, in furtherance of which it will support the principles of the Republican party, and the policy of Reconstruction adopted by Con "re** ” The paper is to bepubiishcd by tbc firm of S.L. Brown & Compauy, aud it is understood that cx-Governoc Hahn aud W. It. Fish, Esq., will be connected with it. General Brown, tbe head of the firm, as well as Messrs. Hahu and Fish, arc men ot expe* rienceintho newspaper business, and have capital to insure success. There are very few loyal papers in the South at present, and none in New Orleans except the Tribune, a small journal edited and published by colored men. An organ of the Union party of Louisiana has long bicn needed, aud it is to be hoped that the , JiqnMican will receive the encouragement and support necessary to an enterprise of nch magnitude. The poopftpf theKoitJh., oaaaot extend a help'll* kp' gliog Union mm of the Sonthlin riß.re eflfcA- BaltnaanerthantoaidtheloiatrSae. who deaire to keep tracEpf thej£Tw6ikor reeonstrncUon in the ttiyili) 11 ■ ■ obtain comet information of both political and commercial events in that tact of the country will do well to take the New OrUaa SepMie on, and busiuees men wll find It a desirable medium of advertising. The enter* prise is recommended by General Banka, General Butler, Spanker Colfax and other distinguished men. - ' - * ' • ■isrus OP BElNClMfiail. . w“lttoantaaUng d flui thbetomatltf titi cultural paper* ot ibe”Sects, thelrne exponent* of Uiat industrial class which once mi le cotfoli the k tur not- only of the textiles,-bat of aif ear •fricultazal export*. - • v "■ r- . **lfwumayjudge from thetrcorrespondence, these brave planteis are now, tn spite of so many discouragements, makteg themselves masters of .the situation, while fuby, idle ttwradtcaUn oCpoliiical success is demoralising 'so many at the North, the planting South ts not only reoreanlxisg its Industry, out dignifying and enoebaug-the labor of me whhe man in the field and tbe white'woman in tire menage. Every planter now Is sot only his own efficient overseer, but be also trains his own white hands to labor, teaching bis eons by bis own example. Tbe result is tbatbe sow stimulates two or three freedmes to do the work that once required half a dozen slaves end a driver. Industry and saving is the order of the dsv, and tbe dignity of labor is universally acknowledged, while both planter and wife are prond of tbe sacrifices they have had to make to conform to the great and. very trying transition from Idleness and slave labor to indus try. homely living, and the work of their own hands. 1 ' It jwoulfl be difficult to find a more com plete*^ vindication of the emancipation policy and the predictions of Its friends, than is contained in Ifae above extract from the great Copperhead organ of the North. It is here confessed that the abolition of slavery has already been a source of blessings to the South, and promises to be of incalculable advantage. in the future. The planter who, we are told, is now his own efficient overseer, was, fa times past, lazy, vain, overbearing, frequently, dissipated, and generally igno rant—a man who had to be wheeled about and lanned by his “ niggers,” who detested business and left it all to bis factor, who al ways bad his crop paid for in advance—a man who regarded manual labor as degrad ing to the last degree, and looked upon theft or burglary as honorable in comparison. The conversion of such worthless drones to efficient managers of tecir own affairs is a remarkable instance of tho regenerating power ol freedom. Outside of the learned professions there was really but one class of white men fa the South, before' the war, and that class Is bet ter described by the word “loafers” than any other. True there were rich loafers and poor loafers—gentle loafers and rough loafers—drunken loafers and those too poor to get drunk often —hut loafers they all were. The planters' sons that didn’t go to college and a good many of those who did were lazy loafera, and would perform no other physical labor than to beat the “niggers” that chanced to Incur their wrath. The “ poor white trash ” were the lowest caste of loafers; men who, without the means of support, still looked upon labor as altogether beneath them, and gained a precarious living by voting and fighting for the nabob of the plantation, by hunting and chasing fugitive slaves, and doing any .other dirty work the planter wanted done, and by stealing and cheating'the negroes. If, as the- World tells ns, these men arc learning to work at an honest calling, the South is certainly fa a lair way of -speedily recovering from the war, and going far ahead, of her former prosperity. The state ment we have quoted, is, in fact, an ac knowledgment that the Abolitionists were, after all, the trne philosophers. Genebai. Thomas.—Every earnest loyal man regrets tbe removal of General Thomas from the command of the Third District, comprising Florida, Georgia and Alabama, under the Military Reconstruction Bill. It was known that “A. J.” disliked him on acconnt of bis sturdy radicalism, and that be only consented to his appointment at the urgent request of General Grant. Bat it seems that after having made the appoint ment he “went back” on It, and selected General Pope. General Thomas, from the attention he has given to the condition of affairs in the South, from his known faith fulness in duty, and great executive ability, was the man of all others in the army whom the Union men of the North most desired to be intrusted with a share of tbe important work remaining to be done. It was, per haps, for this very reason that Johnson re scinded his appointment. Wc trust that his successor nay not prove a supple tool of a bad executive; but by his fidelity and right action secure for himself the thanks aud confidence of the loyal masses. We have no reason for supposing that General Fopa will prove false or inefficient. He is a man of great vigor, good judgment, and came oat of the war a decided Radical. We shall, therefore, hope for tbe best in the adminis tration of his very important dntics. IS?" Our Consul at Genera, Ch&s. H. Up ton, has written a very servile and contempt ible letter to Mr. Seward, in reply to the charges of Inebriation and disrespect to A. J., bronght against him by the fellow Mc- Cracken. He save the war was tbe result of “mutual provocations,” aud teat Mr. Beech er’s Cleveland letter rejoiced his heart, as his retraction of it grieved the same. He ad- mils having made a speech on the 4th of July at a loyal celebration, bnt thicks he ought to be forgiven for the offence in consideration of having recommended A. J. to tbe “kiad ness and forbearance” of his hearers! [A. J. will doubtless relish this part of the epistle.] He further declares that he should have too much respect for fats' position to abuse the Presi dent or allow any one to do so in his pres ence, even if he should differ with him politi cally. U pton declines to say whether or not he Is an habitual drunkard. It would be charitable to assume that be is; for even that abominable habit is less degrading than the mean servility displayed m his letter. New Hampshibe.—We have returns from all but a few townships of the recent election in New Hampshire, and estimating them the same as last year, the result foots up for General Harriman, Republican, 35,837; Sin clair, Democrat, 32.653 ; Republican majori ty, S,IGD. The Legislature stands, Republi can 20C, Democrat 123; majority 84. PERSONAL HEMS. Madame Patterson Bonaparte lives in a Baltimore boarding house, in a rather par simonious manner. Though she is seventy eight years old, she retains the liveliness of her air, and all the elegance of her ancient rcjiine manners. One of her grandsons is with her—the other is in the French army. The Fall Mali Gazette accuses and convicts Mrs. Henry Wood of republishing in Eng land, as a new novel, an old story which she sold to a Philadelphia publisher some years ago, and which was published here under the title of “ The Castle’s Heir.” It comes out now in London as “Lady Adelaide’s Oath,” and the shrewd writer gets two copy rights for if. The confederate settlement at Cordova; is among the things of the past. The depar ture of Genera! Price has been chronicled. Judge Perkins has gone to Paris. Governor Harris has left for Havana. General Shelby still remains at Cordova, and probably will for several months. Governor T. C. Rey nolds, of Missouri, will stay in the City of Mexico. General T. C. Hindman will leave for the United States, and it is his intention to practice law in Memphis or merchandise in New York. General Joseph Markle died at Pittsburg on Friday last, agedninetj'-two years. He was a prominent old-line whig, and was de feated for the Governorship of Pennsylvania, in 1812. by Sbuuk.. He was a soldier in the whiskey war in 1793, and in the war of 1812. Among those who have sent in their adhe- sion and their fifty centimes towards the erection of the Voltaire statue, is Garibaldi, who probably never read a page of the pa iriarch ofFerney, but who, it is said, thinks the thing must be good because the “politi cal director” of the Steele has started It. The adhesion is notified in the following short letter: _ . , “A monument to Voltaire in France signi fies the return of this noble country to its post of advanced guard of human progress in the fraternity of peoples. It is a good omen for the whole world of which the im mense man was citizen, and a terrible shock to the coalition of despotism and lying. Ac cept my ololus and all my gratitndc.” MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. A Vermont man recently bought twenty six railroad tickets, intending to take his wife and twenty-four children to the "West. Among the two dozen are eleven pairs of twins—all hoys. Congress originally authorized the ap pointment of thirty Commissioners to the Paris Exhibition. Wbenthcae appointments ■were made it was found that nearly all of them had been given as a reward for politi cal services, or to gratify the vanity of some one who had more money than brains and wanted to “make a spread” in Paris. In order to get a few men actually qualified for the scientific and practical duties of the place, a new law was passed making pro vision for ten additional Commissioners, to be selected with special reference to the different departments of the Exhibition, concerning which the reports of experts are required. Oa Thursday last a young man named Henry Phciffer left Cincinnati on board the steamer Importer, for Pittsburgh, taking with him a gold watch and $750 in Treas ury notes belonging to a young lady,* of re spectable family, of Cincinnati. It seems that be succeeded in inducing the poor girl to Jove him to such an extent as to trust with him all the money and valuables she could obtain, after his promising to marry her on a certain day, A detective was in trusted with the case by the girl’s parents, and succeeded m causmg his arrest as soon as he landed at Pittsburgh. L.-K eriwm. |jf v fy • |V II iWlrHhi FaffiaiMit. || Life of a Member Daring the Session. How Work la Done. Committee Tnrestlgtti ons an! How CodldcML OUmptes of Parliament Clrcnm- locnUon. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] .. . ' London,'Engl&nd.March 4. There are three broad divisions leto which English members of Parliament may be put. Of subdivisions I can take no heed. We havcj first, the gentlemen who are returned to the Assembly as the' nominees of a Peer, or as the possessors of large' landed estates in the particular county In which they rcr side. Second, the members who represent tolerably large boroughs and who are ed chiefly through the money they spend, or from,strong party feeling, of which they avail themselves at the proper time; and, third, men who ore chosen by large constituencies because of the confidence felt in their their character, or their practical knowledge ol business. I must put aside the butter flies, and also the few men of striking qualU fleations who are exempted by general con sent from some of tbe hard work and bother of the Parliamentary life, and in sketching the daily experience of a member must bo understood to speak of the average man, — of say 400 out of the GSB composing tbo House of Commons. In carrying out this idea, 1 shall be able, at the same time, to tell you indirectly of many things which do not lie on tbe surface of political life, and of which a large proportion even of English men ore singularly ignorant. WHEN HE BEGINS HIS WOBK. * Just before February the member who has a Loudon house for the season, comes to town and begins to settle into the flew state of existence. His family rarely leave the country before March or even April, so that he dines at bis club, and on Saturdays goes home to join them until tbe following Mon day. Several large hotels have been built in -London durine the last three years, and these are much used by members of Parliament. The rent of a suit of rooms is high, but those who have no establishment to keep up, save themselves a vast deal of trouble oy taking to the elegant comfort of the hotel. The clubs supply them with society and with any quantity of reading they may desire, so that they need not kno v what tnnui is, if their di gestion is good; but can while away the little time left, until the ladies ore in town and they find themselves in the whirl of what is called pleasure, as well as in the whirl ol business. .By locking on the member’s breakfast table, wc shall get to know HOW HlB WOBK BEGINS. The pile of letters on his table Is to tbe new member a sight of anxiety. I have seen such an one afraid to break the seals. He came away full of promises. Let him be returned, and there was nothing he would not do for his constituents. Now there are many literal people fa the world, and they abound, I notice, in electoral boroughs. These good souls never dream of taking such flowing engagements to relate to the common good, hut anply them to their individual case. Mr. Softsoap said he would do anything for his supporters, and, therefore, he surely will not decline to nominate such a son, or nephew or cousin for the next competitive examination la the civil service. The local rector feels he has a claim on tbe member for a liberal sub scription-even though the reverend gen tleman was a political opponent—a subscrip tion to the fund for putting a new weather cock on the spire of the church; and fa his wake comes a long train of dissenting ministers, tract distributors, Sunday school teachers and Biblc-womcn. ' Then the charities arc to have a discount. The hospital, or the dispensary, or tho Lying-in-Women’s Society, or the Alms houses for Worn-out Greengrocers— ail ex pect a donation from the member, and he, poor wretch, knows perfectly well that whatever he gives will be contrasted, favora bly or otherwise, with the gilt of his rival, the defeated candidate, who fully Intends to iry his chances again. But this points out only a portion of the correspondence. Every borough has its wise men who know exactly what Parliament ought to do on every pub lic question, and wnose opinions are sent from time to time in manuscript pamphlets to the member for their district. Not un frequently it is a wrathful politician who Is wilting, and who threatens direful oumity because Mr. Softsoap voted, a lew nights be fore, against a bill proposing to make everybody with red hair take out a license for wearing it. His opponents often relieve themselves by letters of abase. If he is a Louden member, he is pestered with requests to take the chair at the dinners of the petty parochial societies ; and he has to be careful how he refuses. 1 know an ex tremely able man who was compelled, a little while ago, to prcsldeat a lecture about candles ! and he an author, and keenly sen sitive to ridicule! But tbe lecturer was a popular preacher, and a refusal might have been taken amiss. Other letters, of course, are pleasanter. Delicious little dinners are given by the Speaker, and by political chiefs curing the session, aud the member who re ceives an invitation toisharc in them puts down this experience as something by way of a set-off to tbe rest. But our honorable friend, must not expect to get throauh many breakouts undisturb ed. Some of Us voters arc sure to be in town, and they call with a petition which they want to be presented, praying, perhaps, lor a grant from the State towards tneir waterworks, or lor the appointment ot a Protestant Bl.faop at Rome; and be mast tcel firm in his scat ere he send out word be is “engaged.” However, he cannot do more than say a dozen words to them, for be has an engagement, and as he tells them what It is, he dilates a little with importance, and bis hearers feel that somehow they, as hav ing voted for him, scare in the noble respon sibility ho indicates. He tells them they must not detain him, as he is about to hurry away lor the purpose ot ATTENDING A COMMITTEE. The Boose of Commons dearly likes the plan of referring a dillicult subject to a “se lect committee.” 1 would like to see a re turn made of the questions disposed of In that fashion within the lost dozen years. If an independent member brings lorw&rd a motion which attracts the attention of the House—-say a resolution directed against the management ol the emigration from the country, the licenses of theatres, the monop oly in the printing of the Sacred Scriptures, or the employment of young children in dangerous trades—aud the Government is not prepared to accede to it, and yet is fearful, if the author, of the motion persists, it may be earned—an adroit Minister proposes, as a compromise, to refer the subject to a “so* lect comnjittce,” and In most instances the suggestion Is agreed to. In many cases, however, a select committee is proposed as the first step by the would-be Reformer. Occasionally the House considers the sub ject unworthy snch attention, and rejects the proposal. Supposing it to be otherwise, a committee Is nominated In a friendly way, the proposer being the chairman, and the rest, aboat twelve or fifteen Innumber, con sisting of gentlemen known to be interested In the inquiry, some agreeing with the views of the nominator and others opposing them. The names are afterwards submitted to the House, aud in matters of leading importance a name is sometimes struck out and another inserted, after a division; hat in the majori ty of inquiries the gentlemen originally pro posed are allowed to stand. There are various kinds of committees la : connection with Parliament, and very much do they add to the labors of the legislators. Sexagenarians are excused from attending, and seventy-five have been removed from the roil of possible committeemen this season because of their age. Besides the public committees of which I have spoken, there are committees to whom disputed Parliamentary elections are referred; commit tees to which are sent all railway and other industrial projects which ask lor the power of compulsorily purchasing laud. Before these latter committees counsel arc beard, and any one opposing the schemes will be listened to. Immense fortunes are made by the barristers who have the conduct oi cases before - private committees, and by the Parliamentary agents, as they are termed, who have- the preparation ot the cases. A great deal of Objection is raised to these tribunals of private committees and some day the system will be altered. In the meantime, if our friend Is on -one of them, he will have lus ears stunned by the din •of an ordina;y law Court from 11a. m. to 4 p. m., when the House meets and all commit tees have to break up. Ail tbc committees, private and public, meet in the House of Commons building, in a series ot well-built rooms, .set apart for them. "When a committee begins its sitting and appropriates u room, the name of the coxnnitflfee is put on tbc door and tbc use of the chamber is kept until the inquiry is at an end. DEPOSE A COMMITTEE. The proceedings before what is called a •‘Public Committee” —that is, one which is examining into a subject of a social or polit* ical catuie—are generally open to strangers doling the hearing of the evidence, bat the committee have the power of conducting the investigations in private. Let us imagine the M. P. of our fancy to be the chairman of such a committee, and this is how he will have cone to work: Moved by a lively sense, we will say, of the injurious effect of banging men in public, rather than iu pri vate, be has, after a stout contest, succeeded in obtaining a Select Committee to inquire Into the matter. The members, pro and con, arc pretty evenly balanced, but he is chairman, and he is sanguine of convert ing a sufficient number of his witnesses, to secure a report iu lavor of bis argument. The inquiry begins with an examination of the witnesses spoken 01. Sittingon a bench, with a table between him and the com mittee, the witness is asked a number of questions by the chairman, constructed so as to elicit statements ol his lull opinion on public executions. A short hand writer takes down every syllable, question and answer. On the next day a ‘‘proof” is sub mitted to the witness lor revision. To those who are unacquainted with the expedition nnd accuracy of Gurney’s statf, it is aur* pri-ieg to see when questions and answers arc following rapidly, two or three men speaking at once, the chairman or a member of the committee turn to the short-hand writer and ask him to read a warticular question aud answer put and ro nimed some ten minutes ago, and to note with what, promptness the leaves of the sbort-band book arc turned over and the pas sage read without a pause. \Vhex> the chairman has trotted out bis friend a member ot a different opinion takes him up and seeks to obtain admissions * Inch shall nullify the foregoing part of his evi dence. And so the bail goes on, from one to # N?V tbckother? OccttUmtij theVjrttnoos, pcr ptntmi «r a rtfnjfniTi, or a m»l aMgrv.grqwaeßpPns<4 M»d talks a good MU of aoMU—; NotWlrequently a leardad bore, abhorred of l* acquaint ances, ;a«d tfce kero of a'kwadred empty •oeialAcftnce rooasp «nIM chairman and aUfa’ to be rramtipd, ttd in an evil mo meat the committee direet-their secretary to send lor him. This is a prond thing for the bore; but a sad one for the committee and the reporter. As It is not every day he can get fifteen members of Parliament in a room .as listeners, and though It Is true he must not proffer opinions before questions are pat* he isnbleto tack on a speech to each reply, and heavily rides down all opposition. I once saw an amusing scene produced by a Mormon. The committee, in question was examinlnglnto; the.treatment of emigrants -oa board the-Government vessels, when some one suggested .that ihe Mormons Were Very successful in their emigration organization s, and tbit ah individual who had tfken an ac tire part in It was then in London and might give useful information. The late Mr. John O’Connell, a rigid Roman Catholic; was chairman, and he did not at all like the no tion of sending for a Mormon; but he was overmled'and the Latter Day gentleman gave his evidence. Much of U was to the point, and he was complimented for It; bet the praise led him lurther, and he proceeded to expatiate on the beauties of Mormonicm and polygamy, to the areat amusement of some ana the disgust of others. I looked carefully for.this part of bis “evidence” when the book appeared, but though everything that passes is supposed to be reported, did not succeed in finding it. Returning, however, to our friend and his duties we should find him day after day engaged in seeking to gain support lor his views from the-various witnesses. without sacrificing bis impartiality as a chairman. At the end of the Inquiry he would proba bly draw up a draft report to be submitted to the House, and, if opinions were still divi ded, thiswould be contested tor paragraph by paragraph. - These deliberations are, of course, conducted with closed doors, but in the printed record, subsequently laid before Parliament, the result of each day’s discus sion is stated, with the divisions In the com mittee and the names of those who voted on each paragraph, if the contest was so stub born as that, or on the.adoption of the whole report if the division was left until then. The witnesses before public committees arc paid their travelling expenses and a slight sum beyond; but this, and the secre tary’s salary, and the short-hand writer’s and the printer’s charges constitute the costs of the inquiry. These committee rooms help very much tu remove asperities, and, by bringing men of opposite schools together, contribute to soften men’s feelings. When you sit next a man for several boon from day to day, in a small room, with, perhaps, ouiy one or two people whuaro not members of Parliament present, it is bard not to ex change friendly words sometimes. Ofconrse there are human cannon balls, impenetrable in their prejudice, who bate as much Id the committee room as in the larger chamber. I have seen Tory members who happened to be on a committee with Mr. Bright, seek to ignore his presence, and avoid turning their eyes in his direction. But they could not ig nore bis questions. I never knew any man who struck so straight to the core of a mat ter In this sort of examining as Mr. Bright. Before the last committee in which he took part, the Chaplain of Newgate Jail said em phatically that he believed it was contrary to the direct teaching ofthe Bible, and there fore morally wrong, to treat the killing of a human being with any other punishment than death. “Then,” said Mr. Bright, “yon consider that Her Majesty the Queen, who has remitted the capital sentence in seventy-five cases since her ac cession to the throne, has in each instance violated the teaching of Scripture and committed a moral offence?” The poor chaplain for the moment was dumb founded. and at last could only stammer out a wretched plea, that there were exceptions to which his remark did not apply. At this sort of business our typical M. P. is engaged until 4 o’clock, when a messen ger enters and says in a loud voice, utterly regardless whom be interrnpts, “ Mr. Speak er is at prayers!” and our friend at once makes arrangements as to the proceedings of the following day, and giving way to a yaws or two, proceeds to the chamber of legislation, where, for the present, I must leave him. I may add that the House of Lords also appoints Committees of Inquiry of a similar kind. Tho two act independently of each other, and it never happens that the same topic is before them at tbc same time. Bo fore a Peer can be eximiued before a Com mlttee of tho House of Commons, the per mission of his.fellow Peers must be formally granted; and ihc cache ceremony is gone through in the Commons before a member of the Lower House can satisfy the curiosity of a Committee ot Peers. Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.]' 1.05D05, England, March 6. THE POLITICAL SITUATION’, As I sit down to wri:e t<Tyou to-day (Ash Wednesday), the news comes to me from the House ol Commons of another Fenian rising In Ireland. Members of Parliament return ing from church were startled by the news, and the fact that telegraphic communication has been interrupted makes us for a mo ment the prey of uncertainty. The news is painful enough, for it means only misery and ruin to the poor fellows who are in arms. Their attempt Is nothing but madness. To what it has led. ycu will know long be fore this letter is in your Lauds. Our Government hardly needed this to make their position a difficult one. Divided amongst themselves, with English discon tent staring them in the face, unless they choose to swallow all their scruples aud brit gln a democratic Reform Bill—the Derby administration have need of all tbeir knowl edge, experience and judgment to save them selves from sbipwrcckand the State from se rious inconvenience. MB. BRIGHT ASH MB. DISRAELI. A few nights ago, Hr. Disraeli sought aud obtained an interview willi Mr. Bright, and discussed with him the necessary points of the Reform BUI! At tills, English Toryism will shriek and fall into despair. But. of course, Mr. Disraeli would say he conceded nothing; he merely communicated with Mr. Bright, us an exponent of the wishes of a certain section of tae community. However, he went to Mr. bright; nut Mr. Bright to him; and, explain It how they will, it is an act of homage to the man fur whom no abuse, lu Tory estimation, has, hitherto, seemed suffi cient. THE TIBB AT BOTH WELL. Additional Particulars—A Dls astro tu Conflagration—SlxtT Buildings Daru ed—Universal Devastation and Bain. Bothwxll, C. W., March 19. To the Editor of the Chlcuo Tribune: The calamity which has, for along time, been daily and nightly anticipated, came upon Bothwell last evening—a destructive fire consuming the heart of the town. There was good cause for anticipating each a calam ity, inasmuch as the larger part of the busi ness district was compactly covered, with wooden buildings, which wonld barn, when once on fire, like so much tinder. Then the town had almost none of the necessary ap pliances for extinguishing a conflagration— no fire-engine and very little water. Where property has depreciated so much as it has in Bothwell daring the last ten months, there was also some cause to anticipate malicious firing for the sake of the Insurance. It is true that-the insurance upon the property in the aggregate was very light. Many buildings were not insured at all. Un der these circumstances the people have, of course, been vigilant—been guarding against flie as well as they might, yet all the time expecting to be burned out at any mo ment. &> when the alarm of fire was raised, at about nine o’clock last evening, nobody was surprised. The fire originated in the stable connected with the Carroll Douse. It probably started in the hay loft, hut how is not known. In a few moments the flames reached the hotel and very suddenly and effectually extin §nishcd a bail about being inaugurated an (.t the musical supervision of Madge from Komoka. Item: Notwithstanding the low price of oil, Bothwell has hud the gayest winter of any town in Canada, large or small. There was but little wind blowing, for the weather was exceedingly pleasant, and large numbers were soon out at the Arc, yet in a few moments it was seen that the Martin House, which stood by the side of tbe Carroll, must also burn. After the flames seized upon it, they made very quick work of this, the principal hotel of the place, and the cheerful home of so many Bothwell residents, for in the person of Mr. Charles E. Baylcy they had one of the very best of landlords. * From the fact that the fire started so early in the evening, when everyone was up, the the furniture of the Carroll and Marlin was nearly all removed; bnt, as usual in the case of fires, it is nearly ruined. The guests saved nearly everything of theirs. In two hours the fire had spent its force. sweeping over four squares, and consuming at least sixty buildings. Everything be tween the depot and the post office, and from near the Chicago House, and south to the office of the Pepper Well Company, was swept dean. Captaiu Mullen’s billiard hall was just saved, and the same may be said of the post office, and of the railway station, with the hundreds of cords of wood piled up nearby. In two hours the Carroll House, the Martin, the Royal, the Rochester, the St. Lawrence, and the Belvidere, together with the Bothwell Oil Exchange, (contain ing a fine hall), the offices of the Des Moines Valley, John Bright,McMillan, Independent, -International and other oil companies, and the Commercial Bank, several lawyers’ offices, groceries, <&c.. &c., bad all disap peared. Dust and ashes, with here and there a flaming brand, and here and there an incombustible stove or safe, arc all that can be seen this morning of the business portion of Bothwell. Of coarse, there yet remain many jdaces of business, while very few pri vate residences have been burned. A fire company came from London, forty miles distant, and another from Chatham. The conflagration was nearly over when they arrived; hut wo were, of course, glad to see them notwithstanding. With regret it must ho said that the Chatham boys were very disorderly—that they conducted themselves more like so many thorough-bred roughs than like men with obligations to preserve rather than to steal acd destroy. Snrely, Chatham should see that her tire department is reorganized. This conflagration is a heavy blow for Both well. She will only recover from It when oil takes a decidedly upward tendency—a thing which must come by and by. Both well has the oil; she lia« paid deariv for learning how to get it, and now she wants a "market. . The fact that so many Cbiqago people and other Western men have interests here has led yonr correspondent to write you this about our calamity. S. The late Charles F. Browne, it is said, was led to add the final **e” to his surname by the Tact that another Charles F. Brown oc cupied a room in the same building with him in Nassau street. New Tork, when he was employed on Vanity Fair. A confusion of letters was, of course, the result, and to disentangle this be varied the name as above, though he always in formal documents sign ed bis name without the “e.” uifUKim. A SagallMßt Mele*r. A Serious Aati-Chiooee Labor Biot. Furniture Auctions. Collax utf Us Hamesakes—PieK ■ inf op the Books— Early Fruit ■ A Long Fleams Trip. (Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] . Bax FaAscieco, California, February IS. - Since my last we haye been -favored with two unusual visitors, one from Heaven—so far as is known—and the other from a lower region beyond a doubt. The first was ▲ MAGNIFICENT MBTSOB Which visited this section a few minutes past five o’clock on the afternoon of the Uth icet. Here is what they telegraph ed abont it from the ancient Capital of Alta California: _____ Moktesxt. February 14. An extraordinary spectacle presented itself to the mhstlUnts of-this town yesterday, at 6:30 p. m.. in the shape of a brilliant meteor,, which passed very nearly m a direct coarse, over the town in a westerly direction, it seemed to hare fallen to the ground a few miles from this place, canalo? a very load report like that of the explo sion of a steam boiler. Some even thought the powder mills at Santa Cruz bad blown np. It waa a strange alehtaa It passed like a ball of fire, leav ing a -black smoke in its wake like that of a eteamir. From San Juan, near Monterey, they tele graph that the heavenly visitor made the ground tremple like an eortbouake when it struck, somewhere in the vicinity, and peo ple thought that mother earth had a hole knocked right through her by it. Neither the aerolite nor the hole which it made going into the ground has yet been found. Since these despatches came here andweie published, hundreds of people in San Francisco declare that they heard and saw it. The sun was shining iu au uncloud ed sky at the time, and such a demonstra tion would be pretty certain to attract gen eral attention. Iwas'atworx in my garden on Russer Hill—tolerably well up towards the heavens, anyhow—and heard a steamer passing in through the Goldcu Gate fire her signal gun, but a due regard for truth comi pels me to admit that 1 neither saw nor heard anything of the meteor until 1 saw it in the papers, and I am half inclined to think that the public generally saw about os much ot it as I did. The next demonstra tlou was of au entirely different origin, and a disgrace to California. It was AN ANTI-CHINESE BIOT. The Irish, who were so loud in* their de nunciations of Know Nothingism a fewyears since, arc now and ever have been, in Cali fornia, foremost in raising the same argu ments against the Chinese which the Know Nothings used against them. Nor do they stop there. They resort to mob violence whenever and wherever it can be done with safety to themselves, and‘commit the most inhuman outrages on an unarmed and de fenceless people. It seems a little odd to hear a man not yet a three years resident on American soil denouncing the Chinese as “d—d bloody foreigners,” but that is their sty ic. The sixty thousand Chinamen in this State have built up, by their patient indus try and skill, manufacturing enterprises on this coast which but lor them could never have existed, aud have added as much to the aggregate wealth of our State as any other class of our citizens of the same num bers. They hare saved * millions already to the Pacific Coast In woollen manufactures, and in other branches of industry, and are to-day cutting down the Siena Nevada and building the Pacific Railroad, when white men enough to do the work could not be found. But they still labor under civil dlsabllMies, can not testify against white men In our Courts, and can therefore be imposed upon and out raged with impunity. So tbc class who murdered the “damned bloody naygers” in Now York turn their attention to murder ing inotlensive and peaceable Chinamen in California. We have seven hundred convicts in our State Prison at Sau Quentin, and of this number three hundred and fifty arc Irishmen, and only about twenty Chinamen. Is not this fact alone sufficient evidence of

the superiority of the Irishman and a full exoneration of those who murder the Chinese? Av coarse it Is! But to the facts. The Alta of the 13lti instant says: _ ?ome wetka since. Weed & Anderson, contract ors for titer,five excavation* on private property onTonnecud sue-t, near Second, employed as laborer* a number of Chinese, some twenty-live or thlrlv in ali, who were to have f 1.12 K per day, and tbc white laborers la that part of the town began lo express tbeir dissatisfaction, threatening violence IT the Chinamen were not discharged. The Chinamen were retained, however, and the matter culminated In a riot early yesterday morn lug. About the hour for commencing work a large crowd gathered on the bill side near Ibe excavation and soon commenced to throw rocks dowu upon the boose which bad been erected at tbc foot of the bill, alongside a. large brick build ing. There were some fUtcen Chinamen lo the bouse at tbc time, but they were and or course against such amoo had no prospect of encce-afnl rcflstance. Emboldened by their suc cess, the rioter.- soon turned their attention to the other side ot the bill, where some fifteen China men were at work under their foreman. Stones were thrown at them, and the Chinamen soon found it impossible to mn Jin on the ground, bevcial of tbt-m wtr*- oadly cut by stones thrown at totm by the mob, which was constantly increasing in cumbers and ferocity. They all ran away from the spot, icavug the foreman alone at the mercy of the rioters. Be wa- knocked down and rc- ccivcd severe Injuries, bl* Up being cut open, right eye badly cut and b:s chest b-idly bruised oy stones hurled at him with murderous intent. The rioters now cumbered some t"U. They next pro ceeded around tbe hill again to the shanty, which they proceeded to tear down and demolish entire- Iv, tearing np (he Chinamen's clothing, and scat tering their stores of provisions over the ground. Their work amompllsut-d here, the rioters turned llitiratlenUoi’toother matter*, and commenced to look cut (or other Held* whereon to distinguish rhenjß*-lves. A large number of them started for tbcroprwalk «*ni beyoao the hill, on the Pott era. atowing the!'determination to destroy that ana clean out the L'bim se operatives; then come back bribe way cf the Mission uolores and perform tbe same heroic tea's at .Mission Woollen Mills. They bad hardly started on tbeir second expedi tion when a reeseencer went offal full speed to the Chinamen of thetrcoming, and the latter Mattered immediately In all directions, leaving the place In the possession only of'a ftw while employes. On the way over to the Poirero the mob fell upon an Inoff.’uslveCMuamta, wno was passing qmcily along the road, having no con nection wl'b the work at South Beach, or at the Rope Walk, and beat him nearly to d-ath. merely to demomriate their mental supenor ity, ar.d contempt for •• foreigners” On arriving at the Rope Wa>k, and finding their expected prey bad escaped them, they contented themselves wim homing the buildings occupied by (he workmen and charing the foreman some distance without being able to overtake him. They then turned back toward the city, and before reaching Long Bridge they were met by Chief Crowcy, who ad dtessed them, telling them mat he was bonndto preserve the peace and prevent any farther vio lence, let the coceeqences oe what they might, and adviMDg thrm to disperse and go home. A number more of the cowardly ruffians were arrested on the following day, and the occurrence has roused to the utmost pitch of indignation, every right thinking man in the community. The result will inevitably be repeal of the dL-qaalifting laws against tbe Chinese, at the next session of our Legisla ture, and the decided improvement in the condition of the Chinese tu California. The Chinese will go to work on all the public works from which they were driven, this week, under protection of the police, otd if necessary the military, and their as sailants will be tried for riot on Friday next. FURNITURE AUCTIONS. Among the things which strike a stranger as curious in San Francisco arc the street auctions of furniture. Where it all comes from, or where it all goes to, h utterly be yond my calculations; bui thlslvnow, that with a permanent population of lit\ic more than half that of Chicago—say 120,000 souls all told—more household furniture is solo at auction in San Francisco in a day .than *.q Chicago in a week—perhaps, I might say in a month. There are something like a dozen firms whose almost exclusive business is the sale of hooshold furniture at auction. Their expenses for advertising, rents, labor, etc., must he heavy, and their sales, in order to support the m, comparatlvly large. Sales at private residences are of daily occurrence In all parts of the city, and at these moat of the really first-class furniture changes hands. Jones “strikes It rich” in Grass Valley, Washoe, Arizona or somewhere else, and his household gods are straightway under the hammer, lie must sell everything out and’ commence anew on a grander scale, in a bigger house, higher upon the hills. Smith gets cornered in Al pha or Ophlr and goes to the wall and he sacrifices everything under the hammer to enable him to start up country with a small “stake” and try to win another fortune la the mines. HU family go to a second or first class hot el, meantime,to board. Brown, whose family were boarding at the Occidental, Cosmopolitan, Lick or Russ House, wins a land case and finds himself a millionaire; be must set up a first class establishment at once on his own hook. A few months later his title is knocked “higher than a Kite” by a new frand, —these old California land titles almost" ithont exccptio*, are frauds founded on forgery and sustained by perjury—and a red flag Is hung out at once. These occur rences account for the sales at • private resi dences of the better class, but whence comes the mountains of common furniture of every description which block op the sales rooms, the sidewalks in front and extend far out into the streets on California, .Kearney and Pine streets everyday in theyeai - ?Amid summer’s dost and winter’s rains, it is ever the same, the auctioneers cry is heard from morning to night, and the wagon-loads- of stoves, chairs, tables, beds, bedding, cook ing utensils, crockery, clocks, and every conceivable article of household furniture are coming and going unceasingly. It would seem from tbe amount of the business going on that half the people of San Francisco did nothing but sell out their furniture at auction—acd the other half did nothing but buy it, each in turn becoming buyer and seller on alternate days. The furniture all looks alike to me, all abont equally worn and soiled and dusty, and the buyers crowd ed around the auctioneer look as much alike as so many eggs In a basket. They nearly all have prominent nasal protuberances, and speak a great deal about things being “ sheep” or teer,” I confess it gets me. I have watched this thing for years, have been sitting for more than three years in the same chair and at thesame table with the eternal “ Going ! going I gone ! Hand up the next number there f” resounding in my ears all the time, and as I said before,it gets me yet I COLFAX. When tbo “Colfax Party” were in Califor nia the Directors of the Centra! Pacific Rail road named a town site far up the Sierra* “Colfax,” out cf compliment to the dis tinguished youngstatesman from the Hoosler land. The town waxed great and prospered, and is even to this cay a point of consider able note in the State. This is not all. The Colfax name is not llKely to become extinct, as it has been transferred to members of another race than ours, and will be apt to remain there long alter the present genera tion has passed away. In going around to make a few “ New Year’s calls ” among the Celestials on the 4th instant—that was the fitet day of the Chinese New Year, called, after their custom, ‘*the Fifth of Tong Gee,” or fifth year of the present Emperor of China, Tong Gee—l entered the store of Tong Yu &Co.fPfcßMnme«t« at]atl. Thwialr PM 'Hdewwitk blM smoke el.jtacMi burning beforetka ilegorieal pier,was of itks ancestors of tki Olostfiois nooses It Ml redoigOE, too, f^epeiPmcoftM^ooapß er bpore the' pictures.'' Puag Tkag was there in his rich robes of silk and bowleg to every comer and offering the Wsdal so fresbments, «lue, sweetmeats, note, etc., while an attendant was busy receiving'the cards ofthe visltos, male and female, and offering to each the brilliant carmine colored paper slips with the firm name and the usual wish for the prosperity of the recipient daring the coming year, written la Chinese characters thereon. The. older members of the wealthy fi*m were gathered around “dor log the hospitable” and chatting .freely Id “Pigeon English,’.’ with the visitors.. I. took a photographic album, anlturoed over the leaves, lookirr at .the faces.'of men aad - women of-ail - races negroes excepted classes and creeds stranglytß terntxeQ, when I came to'one I did not recognized 'Who U that? !, asked-of Fung Taag.-‘T don’t ’ know,' mj flen (friend).' Please you asx COI7 fox ;he all the picture^*}'yras the prompt and polite reply. 1 tu4ed and met a tall, good looking young j^Taarhan, 1 a member of the firm, whose face I recog nized as having seen at the Colfax Party Christmas Dinner. Ho was' bowing and smiling his readiness to explain “Are you Colfax!”! inquired with some cu riosity. “Yes, sir, that is what they call me now,” was the quick response. Colfax, let me add, is “as smart as lightning,” either at business ora joke, good-looking, and emi nentlyintelligent, andhis readiness at mak ing speeches off-hand, and replying to toasts, earned him his soubriquet and conse quent dignity, which be seems to enjoy most heartily. Long life to the Collax family 1 f'3‘> PICKING CP THE BOCKS. It is not a little singular .what a number of huge nuggets of gold are picked np or stumbled upon by accident every year. I remember once seeing a piece of pure gold, valued at S9OO, which a little Mexican boy picked up while playing on the mesa back of La Palz, on the Colorado River, Arizona. Abont this tune the famous “Antelope Peak Mine”—a vein of disintegrated quartz, from which fabulous quantities of coarse gold have been taken In the past four years—was found by accident. A man having to cross a moan tain oi _o jocund it, chose the former alter native, and stumbling on the very top of the mountain, turned up a mammoth nugget with his foot, A year since a Chinaman walking along a road in Calaveras County, because be was too poor to ride—Juhu ; al ways rides If he can afford it—picked up a rock containing gold worth t«me $3,700, which the wheel of a large coach had un earthed just after a rain. Such things are of constant occurrence. The other day two boys, sons of a widow lady residing in Ne vada County, were chasing a lot 01 stock up a ravine, and were pelti’ g them with peb bles and'stones which they would pick up on the side of the ravine, when the attention of one of the boys was attracted by the nnnsnal weight ofthe stones thus picked np,. which, on exoneration, proved to be a nug get of gold. weighing ten and a quarter ounces, and worth about one hundred aud twenty-eight dollars. 1 I would like a chance to pelt my stock with that kind, of pebbles for a few hours. I don’t think they would have many broken hones wheal got throngh. VBUIT. Our markets are still liberally supplied with many varieties of summer fruit; pears ol large size, though not the dnest and most delicate varieties, arc abundant, and even grapes, the most perishable fruit, save apri cots, peaches, nectarines and berries, which comes'tu our market, are still to be bad at moderate rates. These grapes are merely packed !□ clean redwood sawdust, and kept In a cool airy place. Before they are out of market strawberries will be abundant. Oranges, citrons and lemons, from Los An gelda, arc abundant, fresh and delicious. CAN TOU BEAT THIS AT HOME ? A pig twenty-nine months old was butch ered at Chico, Butte County, lately, which weighed eight hundred and twenty-five pounds. Butte County raises more fine hogs and candidates for Governor and the united States Senate than any other county in Cali fornia, Los Angelos possibly excepted. A LONG PLEASURE TRIP. The steamship Oriflamme left here at noon yesterday (Sunday) with a large party of ex cursionists to go on a trip to the Golf of California, or, as the Spanish-Americans call It, J/or de Cortez (son of Cortez). They will visit Mazatian, Gnazmas, Cape St. Lucas, and possibly LaLibertad and Atlata, being gone about a month. The steamer belongs •to Holliday’s line, and both Ben and Jesse Holliday are on board of her. The party in cludes many of our leading capitalists and business men, who were invited by Holliday to accompany him. They left with a grand salute, aud slipped down the harbor and went to Golden Gate, with a splendid brass band playing the National heirs. Adios, Altamonte. MAIN E-LA WISH. Can men be €oereed into Temperance, To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: In the Tribute of yesterday I read tho proceedings of a meeting held In this city lost Saturday to organize a Chicago branch of the “Congressional Temperance Society,” and also the speech ol Mr. Wood on the gen eral subject. With most of what he said I tolly concur, but there was one passage in his remarks which I most decidedly object to, as I believe do nine-tenths of the voters ot this city. It is ss follows: WtaU-Uuecd Senators, such as Word and East man, may tell os that in Chicago the teojDerance qnesnonts settled; that there are to be thirty time* as many saloon* and grogshop* as there are churches, and that one grogshop is to be sapplieu lor evtry seventy of onr inhabitant*, but Chicago won’t believe any snch a falsehood. This ques tion, ukc sUveiy„wUl only be settled when tse demon of Intemperance is exterminated. There will be contritions here that wt’l at'onlih these men who talk of the temperance question a-> set tled In a city of over 2,*iuO grogshops to 13.0'J0 drunkard*, and while the conviction* of a majority of the people, honestly expressed, would favor the closing of these grogshop at once and for ever. So tar Irom Una question being settled, the controversy has hardly cun meoccd, and 'hese men refused to Mik* u out of the politic* of their country by reiosicg to nase a law submitting tne whole question ol the traffic to a vote of the people Irrespective of party or candidates, ihey must now prepare to meet It a# apolitical ruet'ton involving parties and can* dictates, for it cantotbe Ignored, and we give them due and timely nonce that they will be re membered. lu my judgment the time ha* come for the temperance men of this State to call a Male Convention, lav dorm a platform, state the issue ihorongbly,*orgaclxc home and State Cen tral < 'ommlttccs, and march on to the work with a bold front. I remember that the question of coercive temperance was introduced into politics in this city some twelve years ago, and it was followed by “convulsions” here, that aston ished its advocates. Oar citizens witnessed a regular battle in the streets. In which many were killed, and hundreds braised and cut. Moskcts, revolvers, axes, bludgeons, brickbats, and other weapons and missiles weie employed. The city was placed under martial law. Cannon were planted on the street corners, and troops held possession of the city for several days. Bnt did coercive temperance prevail ? Were the-people who desired to drink wine, beer or ardent spirits prevented from so doing? Was the cause of temperance promo ted, by the “convulsion?” Did goodmnoici pal government result therefrom? We .all recollect how it resulted, and the iabor»and time it cost to undo the mischief, and to heal the ill feeling and animosities engendered by that contest and collision. A similar attempt now wonld bring forth even worse fruits, lire Maine Law policy has been tried in seve ral States and cities, and afterwards abandon ed as impracticable. Even in Maine, where the experiment of temperance coercion was fully tried, proved a failure. In eomc small villages and rural townships where nine tenths of the people habitually and from free choice, abstain from u>« use of all beverages stronger than tea or cofie«, laws forbidding the public sale of spirits -may seemingly be enforced. But In jreat cities of a quarter of a million of in habitants, made of a mixed population drawn from all parts of the world, and wi*» re nine tenths of the people use stimulating lever ages, more or less, it is utterly impossible to enforce laws or ordinances prescribing wb*t people shall drink-twhetner apple, mall, vinous or ardent beverages. There are 00,000 Germans alone in this city, who, from their infancy, have been as much accus tomed to drinking wine and beer as the Americans to drinking tea and coffee. Whose business is it bnt their own? What right has a tea-drinker to insist that a law shall be enforced forbidding a German from drinking bis lager? The temperance cause Is not to be benefited by the method pro posed bv Mr. Wood. Any law that attempts to enforce a rule of conduct upon the people in their daily and personal life, except so fkras that conduct violates public decency and the public peace and ord:r, is essentially wrong* because it violates privileges which are Inalienable, and of which the law has no just cognizance. The law has no more right to prohibit the use and sale of beer than it has the right to prohibit the use or sale of bread. or other ar ticles of food, or to prohibit the wearing of this or that garment. The law can regulate the sale of liquor, as it can of food; it can require that all persons shall be decently clothed ifi public; the law can re quite men who sell liquor to pay a license therefor, and can punish those who do not comply, but when the law seeks to do more than this—when it seeks to euforce virtue bv compulsory acts —it violates a great principle of justice, and consequently arrays against it, and indirect ly against the cause of which it is a means, the thinking people who do not believe in the dissemination of the Christian virtues by compulsory laws. The observance of the Sabbath is one of the most cherished of the requirements of the Christian faith. The law very properly provides that the freedom of religious worship and devotional assemblages skill not be disturbed or violated by others, and there the law stops. To enact that every man shall go to cbnrch on that day, and to punish him for not doing so, or totany him the right oi spending his Sabbath in such maimer as he pleases, not interfering with others, and not violative of pnblic decency, and not in the commission of any crime, wonld bean act of tyranny which the popo’ar mind wouldnever tolerate, and which the pnblic judgment would upon the first possible occa sion have removed from the statute book. When men reject morality, when they neg lect the observance of temperance, chastity, love and benevolence; when they turn a deaf car to the appeals of those whose office is to labor in the cause of human salvation, we doubt whether coercive laws will accom plish much. Men who get drunk and violate pnblic decency, may be put isbed; men who arc habitual drunkards and who become un fit to have charge and control of a family or • of an estate, can be taken care of by the law, ’ bnt when the law enters a domicil and at tempts to prescribe wbat may or may not be used at the table or In the intercourse be -1 tween a man and his guests, the law be -1 comes a tyranny » f the moat offensive kind, and ore which the American people will never approve. Tbo Maine Law bad-its day, and has passed away forever. If it accomplished any i good it never advanced the cause of temper* idc& it&mrktiif person* who arc pernte in peac likens w*U u la theory refusS to tapjn^lißJ nAU». and thus the raukf ofthose who ain Opposed to the lamoeraoee .cuaaare taiMlli seemingly bytherotea % the moek.eo-eistent of ml temper ince the pursuit of one Ides are tee •pt toftrget that there may be other thing* Just as sacred. Sumptuary lavs are puff d&tpoUfzn; there is no rational apology for them; they are destructive of personal liberty. ; The time scent in advocating prohibitory liquor laws to time wasted. Let-tae-friood* r of pure'morality, of temperance'anct tue, lay aside these coercive propositions; Ist them adhere to moral suasion and example, and they will always have the aid, the sup* port, the encouragement, sad the approval of every friend of virtue and hater ot vice. The moment they resort to prohibitory laws, they betihy a weakness which, should never be felt In the advocacy of.virtue. AanGoncios. miAiA. Proiisioas of the New Registry Lav. A False Story of Abduction and Divorce. The Keam-Walpde Breach of Promise Case. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune J Ixnujrapouß, Ind., March 19. THBWBW BEOISTBT LAW. Among the acts of the late General As sembly, that requiring a registry of all vo ters is, perhaps, one of the most important and interesting. Of late years it has become a portion of tbe regular business of each pay litical campaign to provide for and secure the importation of Illegal voters into donbt* iol districts. Both political parlies have been guilty of this practice, and it is a good omen that tbe representatives of both parties united in devising a remedy therefor, and placing it upon the statute book. This remedy is called “an Act to provide for the registry of voters and to declare their resi dence, and to punish fraudulent practices touching elections, and defining the duties of certain officers therein named, and tbe fuim of their ballots, and providing compen sation for the services of such officers,** Section one requires a residence of t wenty days in each township, city or ward, before the day of election, and Section two requires the County Commis sioners, immediately after the passage of the act, and at each December term thereafter, to appoint two freeholders in each township, who, with the township trustee, shall con stitute a Board of Registry for such town ship. In cities the Connell appoints three freeholders in each ward. Tbe two largest political parties are to be represented. in such Board of Registry. The Board thus appointed shall meet on the first Mondays of February and August of caeh year, m tbeir townships, Ac., and organize, and then proceed to make a list of all persons qualified and entitled to vote at tbe next ensuing election in said township or city; and said list, when completed, shall consti tute and be known as tbe Register of Elec tion of said district.' .And the said Board shall have power to sit for two days in mak ing said Register, and shall have power to employ a clerk at a compensation not ex ceeding three dollars per day, and shall have access to the poll books of the preceding election to aid them in making said list. No person shall be allowed to register said voters who shall not have resided In said township two years, and wbo coaid not rend and speak the English language understand ing! y. The next two sections I give in full: Szc. 3. Said registers shall each contain a list of pm on? bo qualified and en Utica to role in said election precinct, alphabetical!/ arranged, ac cording to their respective surnames, so as to ttaon-. In one column, the names at mil length, and in another column, in dues, the residence, by the number of the dwelling. If there be a num ber. and the name of the street or other location of the dwelling place of each pereon. It shall be the duty of said Board to enter a said list the names ot all persons, residing In their election district, whose name appears on the poll list kept In said district at the last precedmg election; a clues, the number of the dwelling and name of the street or other location, if the same shall be known to them, or can be ascertained by such board; and for this purpose s?ld board are au thorised to take from the office In which the/ are filed tbe poll lists made and filed 0/ the Judges or Inspectors of such district, at the e'cetton held next prior to the making of such register. Sxo. 4. In maxing said list, the Board shall en ter thereon, in audition to the names on the poll list, tbc names of all other persona who are well known to them to be electors In said p'ecinct; and the names of all persons on the poll lists who have died or removed from the prcorct shall be omitted from said register. The said Board shall complete. as-Hir as practicable, the said register on the day of their meeting aforesaid, and shall makt four copies thereof, snd certify the register and eaca ol tne copies to be a true list of tbe vot ers In theirpreemet, so fir aa the same is known to them. Within two daysthereafler,the said ori ginal list, together with the list taken from the of bee as aforesaid, shall be filed bysaldßoard In the office or the Township Trustee, in the precinct In which said election precinct may oe; or if such election precinct is in a city, then it shall Le filed m tbe office ol the City Clerk of said city; and one copy of said list shall be kept by each of said judges ana inspect ors, and carefully preserved by him for tbeir nse on-the d»y or days hereinafter mention ed, for the revision and correction of the same. Odo copy of said list shill, immediately after It s completion, be poeted in come conspicuous place where tbe last preceding election in said preclcct was held, and be acccs?ible to any elector who may desire to examine the same or make copies Uureof. Section five provides penalties for tearing down these lists. . Section six provides method of proceed* log in case of the formation of nev election precincts, which Is similar to the above. Section seven requires the Board to meet cn Tuesday of the week preceding the said elections, in their respective election dis tricts, at the p’acc designated for holding the polls of the election, for the purpose of revising, correcting and completing said lists, and for this purpose, in cities, they shall meet at eight o’clock in the morning and remain in session until nine o’clock p. m. of that day and the day following; and in other districts they shall meet at nine o’clock in the morning, and shall remain in session until four o’clock p. m. oi that day. Section ninth Is as follows: Sec. 9. It shall be the duty of said Board, a* ihelr meeting for re rising and correcting said list*. to erare the same of any person inserted tbujcin, who shall lie proved by Ihe oath of two legal voters of said precinct, to the satisfaction of said Board, to be a nou-rcsident of said precinct, or otherwise not entitled to’vote, in said precinct, at the etecion then to be held. Any elector re siding in said precinct, and entitled to vote there in, may appear before said Board and require his name to be recorded on said alptmbeucal list. Any pers n so requiring his name to be so entered on sa.d list, shall make the same stat-:mecx as to the street ard number thereof, and where he re sides, required by the provisions of this act of persons offering to vote at elections, and shall be subject to the same penalties for refusing to give such Information or falsely giving the same, and shall also be subjected- to challenge, either by the Judges, or inspectors, or either ot them, or by anv other elector whose name appears on said alphabetical list; and the same oaths may be administered by the judges oe in spectors as now provided iu case of persons offer ing to vote at an election, and in case no ch illenge Is made of any, requiting bis name to be entered on said alphabetical list, or In case of challenge, if such person shall make oath that would entitle bim to vote In case of challenge al an election, atd proved by the oath of a freeholder and regis tered voter ox the preemet in which be asks to no registered, and that be knows him to be a resi dent of the prcctnct and entitled to bo regia cred, ana if any city giving the residence of such per son withm said predict, then the same of any such person shall be added (o the alphabetical poll list of the lost preceding year. The remaining sections, fifteen in number, provide for all foreseen emergencies, and are too voluminous to be here set oat. and with one extract from section ten, I shall drop the subject. It is as follows: “No vole shall be received at any State, comity, town-hip or aty election In this State, if the name ot the person ottering to vote be not on said reg ister, made on the Inesday or Wednesday pre ceding the election, unless the person offering to vote shall famish to thejadges of the election bis affidavit. In writing, stating therein that he is an inhabitant of said precinct and entitled to vote therein. atsnchc’ecUon and prove by the oath of a Irecbolder and registered voter of the precinct in which be offers his vote, that be knows each fierson lo be an Inhabitant of the precinct, and. If d any city, giving the residence of each person m said precinct. The oath may be administered by one of thejadges or inspectors of election, at the poll where the vote shall ,be offered, or by any other person authorized to admlnl»ter oaths, but no person shall be anthoriz dto receive compen sation for administering the oath. .The affidavit referred to in this section shall be attached to and ™£irned with said poll lists and registry to the p lll £*••>( County Clerk. Any peieon may be chal lenged, be put as now are, or may—«real ter prescribed by law.” DIVOIICE. I have been amused at reading in divers and sundry sensational and stunning- statements »bont a “ dobing New Tork woman,” “ blazing with dia monds,” ‘‘two lovely children,” “private detectives set on their track by immensely wealthy husband,” “divorce in prospect,” “pawning of jewels,” &c., &c., t-ec.. ad lib itum. The facta, divested of all superfluities and exaggeration, are very different. The woman is short and old, with a decidedly hatchet face, and brown at that, and don’t blaze with diamonds, nor anything like It. She come here to get a divorce, it is tree; but snch visits are of frequent occurrence in Indiana. There are two children, and the hniband ana Cither came on and tried to i-epltnn them. v; e is willing to let the wife ,Th e partiesi uj around are decidedly third class, and if thej» vc g o t ony money I’m glau of It, lor we lawj-»rs like to have our fees paid. BREACH OP PRO3i- SE> The other sensation is a breatv 0 f promise case, and it has famished a good ter for public and private gossip, ’iv. & c t that “Laura Ream has sued pole ” is the realization of what had lona been expected. Walpole kept promising to marry her (so they say) yeardn and year out, but always failed to keep his word, until finally Miss Ream conduced to sue him, es pecially as be was getting into the “ sere and yellow leaf,” and might “ peg out ” at any time, and the action would not snrvive against bis uersonal representatives. Hence she sues. The fact Is, "Walpole is near his latter end, even now, and it is doubtful whether he gets up out of bed again. Wal. pole, who is an old lawyer, declines to man age his own case, and has employed the no. torious John Pettit, well known in political circles as the “old brass piece of Tippeca noe.” HEAVT DAMAGES FOB SEDUCTION. A case was tried In the Common Fleas Court the other day which illustrates what “an honest Jury” think of what Is becoming a too common crime. A grocery-keeper by the name of Maguire seduced the wife of his neighbor Kurtz. Kurtz and his wile had lived happily together for eleven years, but Maguire succeeded in leading her astray. While paying his attentions to her, Kurtz, the husband,toid him to keep away from his house, but Maguire didn’t keep away. Re sult, Mrs. Kurtz forgot her marital duty, and Maenire was sued for $5,000 damages. The evidence was heard, the jury went out and in filteen minutes returned with a ver dict for the fait amount claimed. The Court overruled a motion for a new trial and'ren dcred judgment on the verdict. “Served him right, ” says everybody. Maguire was worth'l6,ooo, and It will take every cent he owns to satisfy the judgment. TOE STBBTCSBB CSSS la In statu guo. The motion for a,new trial has been presented wtfJhont argumeai and will doubtless he overruled. Effects are be ing made to get him pardoned bnt Ido sot believe Governor Baker will interfere In the matter. Sr. Oasis. BELIEF TO THE SOUTH. gpt—fc «r ciMni a. Lmi, «r . UttMk) ifcernimi—»«uito« BtlUrAyffUlklhafor IMBelMtf In t6e United States How of BepveaenU- Uvea, on Wednesday. March 13, General John A. Logon, of Illinois, made Us fol lowing remarks oa the proposed one million dollar appropriation for the relief of the MB. Cumin: I do net intend to detain the committee any great length of time to dl-cn<nn* thepcDPoddea before ns.; I hare entire coa£ dcacr, air, in tne integrity, * woD w the good in tentions tn' all - things, of the noUs omcer iat cha-geofthcFrerdmen’s Korean. HU genet usity iwt f. giveTtefltnPWlthsPamTferinp humanity. Any appeal addressed n> fata on be half of any class or people who may be represent ed at suffering fa rare toted in Ms bosom a sym pathetic response, and. owing to lbs generosity of nls cat ore, say- sometime surpass that which would by others not seem lost and proper under the dretanstanees. air, L ask who Is this that demands this unprecedent ed charity at thebands of Congress? What claw of people is it * is U the ooor do sntrodden freed menf Is it the poor white people! orts It the families of the leaosis of the rebellion bare caused so much weeptng and walling In oar land? We hare no information farther than that there are some sixty thousand people who are suffering, or who soon will be is a snifcrlng condition, u the rebel State*. 1 would bo as willing as any oaetopniroy bar dm my pocket, and so far asl am able the sadbrmge of any unfortunate class of people. But looking at this resolution as I do, 1 cannot put my hand In the pock ets of toe tax-payers, many of whom are as poor os those who pretend to sek this Government to be made an alms boose. and assist In appropriating J 1,000,000 as a pension to one-armed and one-legged rebel sol diers or their families of that class.' This resolu tion, sir, is nothing more than a dodge to make pensioners of rebels that cannot be provided for in tbe usual way. Yon do not pnt them on the United Mates pension rolls, by the side or toe wounded soldiers and widows and orphans of those who died of their country; bat by another mode Wka pat them on the Bounty of the Government. This House yesterday refused to pass a nil! equalising the bounties of soldiers whofoughton the side of their country In the crest strug gle for the existence of the Union. Yei without accomplishing that, without amply providing for our own widows ana crying orphans that prattle about tbe return ol those they will tee no more, we are asked to give fI,COC,CKO for the purpose of supplying tbe wants o> somebody, withou* knowing wbo. When yon talk aoom dealing oat SI,OOU,OCO of commissary stores to these poor people of the South, we but hare to reflect for one moment to see that labor Is at a high price in tbe New Eng land factories ; and when we Took at the vast do main of tbe Northwest, we find In many Instance the plow has been permitted to stand In the fur row because labor has been so high, and if any portion of the poor people anywhere ot laboring classes toward whoa gentlemen desire to be so generous are suSaiag. the rusd in broad and open to the North west, where the poor and laboring, c’asses of alt climes aid all complexions are invited by our smiling prairies. Wo- need their lanor and are ready topay them for it. we will nelp (best to live until harvest season, we will alleviate their wants and allay iheir sufienngs: but tney imuc apoly m the proper manner. They mast show • willing ness (o viork and earn their livelihood by the sweat of their face as oar own people hare always done. Sir. tins is cot the first time we have been aak<d to show onr generosity to this same people. Daring the war against traitors and rebels, and while we were fighting the men who sought the life of this nation aoa the byes or us aefesdets. we were feeding and supporting their wives and children left behind, who were bv the fortunes of wsr cast within our lines. I hive seen, many times, long Urea of them at the dons of the commissary department at the different post*, receiving food, while we werefigbiing their husbands and friends at the Iron*. They were not then above asking us to Iced them, while they desDtsrd ns and our cause, end 1 have no doubt the same cbts are now to be led under this ap propriation. 1 bear no complaint on the part of the tree«lmeß, or from any cla-s who have tried to preseive and protect themselves. There Is a class ofpeople m the South thatnewr did make bread, and never will, wbo will always be atoning, acd on the bounty ot the Government, it we will allow them to become pensioners. If they had used ordinary industry and bad energy they woaal not to-day be in want of aaslstauco to rave them from starvation. There la no spot on eaitb more inv.ting than tbose Southern fields. They are carpeted and decorated by the basd of tbe Almighty with tbe rarest and most beau tiful flowers. It wants bat the well directed energy and industry cf Its inhabitants to make it as prosperous sud as abundant as any laad the ann shines upon. Yet it Is m tht« land of beauty and richness wa are asked to feed tbe months of sixty thousand peo ple, and while we are in hot baste to feed them, what do we see? in the State of Arkansas, a short time ago, an aporoorfallon was made pro riding for the pensioning of soldiers not provided fur by Congress—meaning tbe rebel soldiers—not for the weepiug widow and crying orphan of the Union soldier. No, air; but money they coaid ap propriate fur the rebel soldiers, their widows and oinhane. So 10 other rebel Matas, they have ap pilated money for colleges and schools of a mill urychaiacter, where treason can again be taught and made respectable. If tnese Stairs can pro vide money lor finch purposes. I aaa con’d they not dole oat afewmoatbsfal of bread to the starv ing peoole so eloquently appealed for hare to-day * 1 could ale many other instances where money has been provided by their rebel Legislatures to promote tre*son and benefit those srho have curs ed the land by steeping tbeir souls in perjury and Iheir hands in the blood of Union men; bat no instance can 1 find where tney have shown a wil lingness to feed the poor freedmcL or the poor white iran Sir. let this Congress, as done here tofore. encourage industry. Invite these people to come to the great West, where liberty is known and loyaty loved, where energy, industry acd labor is rewarded. If congress, however, is to be turned Intoacharitablc institution, to support all classes ofpeople who do not try to support themselves, you may then approanate |J,Oub,OUO every xnonto, and toe more yon appropriate the more people will be starred at tbe end or every month so long as there is a dollar or a roan to nay taxes. I have seen the families of the men with felr ten thousand broad acres come and ask for pro visions. and 1 nave seen tbe provl-ions given. There men have all manner of devices to attain tbeir ends. A very common dodge used to be hue this: a lady living on a olauadou wnn her fifty or seventy-five slaves, whose husband was. in the rebel army, would send ore of her colored servants to make application at the Coamtaa- S's department for provisions for the wfcoie of e slaves, bhe controlled their Iftbor and wonld -end *hem on this errand. Tbe provisions won d be ordered to be given them, -nd when they received they would be divided among the whole fimiiy. rouwas.and so it will be again- Ap propriate this money, and the mat» who owns his broad acres with his hired laborers will resort to the same trick «rd receive the rations. Although there ae many poor people In the Northwest, we do rot understand that-«e have a right to com*- to Ccngrc«s to be fed. We bare all tuCered dating I the war and have many people lift penniless There was suffering before iht •.var, and trarvlng people all over the country, ant uho ever ihongutoi asking Congress to be the or charities to a class of people who would not help themselves? Bat an age of treason has taught us f (range ’kings: punish nobody, compromise with bailors and then feed them wocnever some one suggests iu All thN is done tor Stiffs that rebelled, but In the loyal States me voice appealing in weeds for help mast be provided for in some other way, and our anxforv, onr charity, our sympathy, turned in a soaihcrlf dIKCtIOO. Mr. Wasububx, of Indiana. I would ask the gentleman If bets in Xivor of allowing to starve the twenty-four thousand two hundred and thirty eight colored people who General Howard says wilt starve to death unless they are assisted some way? Mr. Locax. lam not in favor of allowing any body lo starve if I can help it. Bat 1 will say to the gent’eman this: that It has n«.t been brought to my knowledge that tbey arc starving more than are other-people: nor his it been yet brought to my knowledge that these people are in such a condition that they could not relieve them selves by proper Industry and exertion on their part, Nor has It b-enbroogfat to my knowledge that the worthy people m these States are r ot able to pnt their Bands Into their own pockets and give this chantv for the purpose of saving the lives of these people, jut as well ad the wealthy people of the North can do it. In my own State, when we have destitute people, we put onr hands in onr pcckcts and provide for tnem; we do not ask Congress to do it. When the gentleman eajs ihat this is for the benefit of colored person*, that statement is cot correct. The present appropria tion. U e .cflncd to the classes who come under tne Freedmen'a Bureau, is sufficient. I am told by the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. Baldwin) that General Howard stated to him this morning that this appropriation, white it might be useful, hod not been asked by him; bat that he had reported it as he was directed to do. Now, 1 am opposed to this House being directed by anybody to do anything in reference to any of the people of this country that is not appropriate to be done. Sir, m this free land there should be no paupers cf this kind, and the millions or property given np to rebels by assent of this Government wss a charity Improperly bes:owed, ard we °hoald bo sare of wha* we do m rbta Instance. There Is no State, el’her loyal or disloyal, that Is not able by a light tax on themselves to support their own poor; and so long as tbt« is the case 1 for one am not willing to bow onr people down with such, hardens, when reason and Justice are against it, although such appeals as can be mode In favor of suffering, many tones upon a supposed state of lacts that does not exist. Sir, this Is all 1 desire to say. The Ban Men kxprew Robbery. [Fromtic Cumberland (Pa) Civilian, March 16.] The'office oftbe Harnden Express Company at Harper’s Ferry, West Virginia, was robbed cf a considerable amount of money on Thurs day night week, but fortunately it was all recovered on Friday by the company’s employes. On Friday morning Mr. John Q. A. Herring, the Superintendent of the company in Baltimore, received a despatch from C.B. Stedman, the agent at the Ferry, giving an account of the robbery. Mr. Herring, accompanied by detectives, at once left for the scene of the robbery, and on their arrival there, found Mr. Charles H. Ehrman, route agent of the company, la posssesioa of the office, he having arrived some hours before. Immediately upon Mr. Ebrman’s arrival at Harper’s Ferry, he made an examination of the office and found that it had been apparently entered through a window, the desk of Stedman broken open, and the key of the safe taken out acd used lo getting the money from the sale. Sus pecting that the money had been shipped thence westward by the previous train, be sent a telegram to Mr. H. J. Johnson, the company’s agent In this city, directing the examination of a money package which had been shipped from the Ferry that morning, directed to Harlow Barnes, Chicago, Illinois, and mark* ed “value s2oO—to be left at the office until called for.” Mr. Johnson opened the pack age, as directed, and found it 4o contain mostly in SSO notes. This was wrap f>cd around a brass tube some four inches which was deemed very singular, and excited the suspicion of Mr. Johnson to snch **n extent that he made a very close Inspec* of the tube, and discovered that one o3f 1* unscrewed. On opening he found •1.-iO neatly and carefully packed therein. These fa»ts were communicated to Mr. Ehr man, at th* Ferry, and he immediately order ed the package to be returned by the night express, whP-t was done. The possession of these faci« > and the money, led lo such questions being pnt to Stedman os to bring a confession of having so placed the money taken from the office, and a relation of the circumstances by which he had en deavored to make it appear that a burglary bad been committed in perpetrating the robbery. The offence having been perpe trated in West Virginia, Stedman was hand ed over to the sheriff, who committed him fortrial, and he was sent up to the Martlis burjr jail by the first train passing- The ac cused is a' young man, married, and was formerly an officer m a New York regiment. There was $3,145 recovered, which is the entire amount taken except The Reported Frmod* mt »He Treasury Department* rus.«« «.* Washington Evening Stir, March 15.] hashcen Industriously reported, lately, that fraud* have been committed in the Anting Division of the Treasury Depart ment. under Mr. S.M.Clark, by which a Urge number of bonds have been duplicated and issued. The story was set at rest during a recent debate in Congress, but has just been started again In TV all street, by a party of f;o!d speculators, for the purpose of advanc es tbe premium on gold and depressing the Government securities. This ring, having first purchased a Urge quantity of gold for the PBtpose of sellioc out when the advance should take place, they first circulated the f*? ol * UoTernmeat securities were duplicated; bat the Treasury Depart- BM®t> learning of their movements, eoor had the report contradicted, u is true that sieeo the organization of the Printing Bureau ef the Treasury Department a number ot bonds hare been seemingly duplicated, as follows: Amouar. sit,sia.9i S6&.SS 1.K3.U0 4AS.SS 4SLn »>OB 50.1 t 405 coupons, oM 7 50*...; Si coupons, nrwT.WO. 65 conpjn?. 6-2 t» bonds Si conpois. F’-fobonds. ... • H coupon*, lotfn of isij 17, >961.. S coupons. lota of Mireh ‘i, 1966 3 coupons, loss of ISS9. Total. This seeming duplication was caused some times by error of the operator in numbering them, but in very few cases only; sometimes by parties who had stolen the coupons and would change the number thereon for the purpose of taking it ont of the list oi stolen bonds as reported at the Treasury. For in stance, bond numbered 101 may hays been stolen, and the owner, to stop payment, would file a caveat at the Treasury; the thief, in order to secure the money, would place another figure either before or after the number, and thus make it a duplicate to some other bond. In several cases the bonds were counterfeit, and redeemed by officers of the Treasury In distant places and lurwarded to the Depart ment, where tbe counterfeit wonld be first discovered. Of the II0.2&UO duplicated $15,225.97 were engraved and printed by tbu BaokNoteCompauiesinNswYork; $550 63 were engraved and printed at the Treasury, and s462.socounterfeit. Hon. Samuel Hooper, ofMossachosctts. Thursday addressed a letter to S. B. C0i1.,/W Esq., Register or the Treasury, requesting information on the subject, and Hr. Colby replied as follows; mb: 1 have the honor to transmit as requested a statement of coupons, seemingly duplicates de tected in this office op to November l, isfid, Tbe total is f IC.S3C (J; of Ibes' the cumhe-s tbit were not counterfeited or altered were issued of course by accident or fraud. From a very careim ex amination made by directions of the Secretary, I hare been thus fur unable to find safUiactory proof of any fraudulent issue by this department cr its agents. At some ol the hurrying periods of the war these issues were hastily made, aud arcidem may fairly explain all. ai d consistently with tbe idea that tho Government has suttered no loss. 1 have marked those primed at New York and loose it Washington at this Department- Register of the Treasury- A MOTLEY COKKESEOSDESCE. William H. Seward Scarified hy the London Owl. [From ibrftoodon Owl.] Oar peaceful haunt was yesterday dis turbed by the sudden invasion of an agitated crowd, consisting uf the ambassadors of all nations, wbo made a slight apology for dis turbing the Nest in broad day light, but they bad hastened to consult tbe Birds on a sub ject that brooked no delay. They hud that morning received! scries of nearly identical cotes from tbeir respective Governments, which they bfggcd to lay be fore os. They all spoke at once, ami there was a pertect Babel of tongues. The American Minister was the first to make himself heard amidst the tumult. He bud that day received the following unprecedent ed despatch from his Gov eminent; Pm: One of the mo«t remarkable men uf our country bss Just returned horn Europe, isd re ports tost you approve it lie confederation of tbe Bmlth Provinces In Norlo America; do nut wish Nexlco to he annexed by the United Mates, and think tbar Englano is not responsible tor ait dam are dote by confederate cruisers, ih-cmv orre sign, or return fer immeciate Impeachment. All three coneee would be best. Before any comment could be made on thi# remarkable communication, the Italian Min ister dashed to the front and read as fol lows: 1 bate received on anonymous letter, supposed lobe from an Italian refugee la Knglacd. poot mark Urompton, saytagtlut >ou openly rxpres* disapprobation of the tcbcTe fur appropriating Übnrch property, and that in private conversation yon cal ea Pcrsano ’’Poordevli. ” Keiurn at once to be tried by court-martial. Maroctecti were can manage the Emoassy in your absence; ne-must nsders:ai d :£e treatment ot the Bmleh Uon, hav ing jnfl cast lour of them. The Turkish ambassador had merely re ceived a telegram from bis chief, to tbe effect that he had been overheard to hum a sedi tious song, beginning— Those Isles ot Greece. tho?c Isles of Greece, They never give ns any peace. If he repeated the cflense he should get the sack. The Count Tlstahcnncsa with lean in his eyes, said that he hud received an autograph letter from Queen Isabella, (all the new Min istry being ordered lor instant execution, and the Secretaries under sentence uf trans portation to the Canary Islands.) She wrote— V isTAimixDSA; I understard that you sympa thize with tforraao, regret Rlus Kusas. iud led for Francesco in his bani-pment Join which oi :h**m yon please, a-' d leave me to look after r y soul as Inlcase. An inrincinle armaoa shall at once be ce.-paichtd to England itukicgotbralrer en rou'e) to assist the Fenians and Ultre-Ititaali-te; and, f necessary, to establish the Fupe at Lambeth Palace. Baron Brucnow, who trembled a good deal, bed received the following severe let ter : Yon have admitted that the Czar still turns his Imperial eyes towards the Bosphorus, and Ispuah inc through Amato Bmbh tr.dia. Feoff to Si oerm at, nbete your family will join yon. Vour estates are confiscated, and your funmarc v llj ne publicly homed in tbe centre of Chatham place. Count Apponyi believed that ho had given satisfaction at Vienna, but had received a very painful communicatiou from the E-npe ror Francis Joseph, saying that in tbe pres ent embarrassed slate ufhis finances he must reduce hie establishment, and would, there fore, dispense with his (Apponyi’s) services unless he could arrange an Austrian loan somewhere in the city. He might telktiie Rothschilds tfalßcnedck would have pro tected Frankfurt if be coaid. Count RcrnstortT had received a private but equally unpleasant note from Bcrite, which he begged leave to read : DisauKK to nEussToorr. Ton were overheard by one of your footmen lo say that voa Were not at all sorry 1 .r my theoma ubo, ai>d hoced it wonid keep me quiet—mia year, nt least. Hive the BOO<)ne?s to withdraw ihe Uiservaiion. An ample apology la exacted. The French Ambassador uas as vet re ceived no communication from bis Govern ment. Perhaps Eugenie had begged him oil. He had, however, left Cumuout dc !a Force at home, with iurtrautious to open any despatches that might arrive in his absence, and break the contents, if disagreeable, v-.ry gently to bim over his six o’clock cigar. We sympathized sincerely with oar un happy friends. Tne best advice we coaid (■Her under such narrowing circumstances was, that they should at once give their em ployers the usual month’s warning, and en deavor to obtain suirable occupations else where. We regretted much that we could nut accommodate them in the Nest except as casuals. The still agitated Ambassadors thanked us warmly, and withdrew sorrowmlly to their respective embassies, to write their resignations. THE Mc€KACKEN. Who He Is. 0 [From the New York Tnonne, March 8.1 Some light may bo thrown on the question j * of the identity of the new Peeping Tom by ;I the following extract which wc are permit- i\\ ted to take from a private letter, dated j [ Paris, February 23: j|; A pair of Americans of my acquaintance ;•, pointed oat to me in GaUgiumi tms morning iti a paragraph stating that the scoundrelly dc- •-j lalor, cn the strength of whose letter to j|| Johnson, Seward wrote an almost as shame- ;; ful one lo Mr. Motley, is G. W. Me- {... Cracben, and joining to this identity of ['■ name some other little likelihoods, they are (j! much inclined to believe that this “ citi- ?'i zen of the United Slates” is the person whom ' we have the honor of counting ou our visit- jf ing list- Some time last September, or early In October, I was told at the Consulate that Jj a Mr. McCracken; representing himself os a J correspondent of the New York Herald, had || been asking for my address. I left a note for ii him, giving day and hour when I would be •“ at home. He came poorly dressed, shirt wry dirty, looking quite ill, and coughlrgirom j! lime to time. According to his ownaccount, j* he had been in the army; then had a place at •! New Orleans—ln the Custom House, If ;i 1 recollect rightly—and bad left there ’. for his health and come to Europe (as .t many foolish fellows do), without sufficient d means of paying his expenses. His Cither- i{ in-law was rich,, but mean. He had written ;< letters to seveial papers, and was sure of •* money coming to him herefrom some one In '• Chicago; was surprised at the delay; was jl sure Chat Mr. Nicolay (our Consul, then off for bis quarter’s vacation In Switzerland,) -i would furnish him money, being a friend of his; asked a trifle of me to carry him on till Monday (the following day), when Mr. N. : i was expected home; got It, of coarse, and noted that 1 was cot fo “ consider -i it a gratuity.” Nicolay told me ! that he did nob recall the man’s name or face at all, did suppose that j| bis story was true to the extent that they were townsmen, let him have some money, j and finally after the man bad lived by direct begging for some weeks here, helped him to a halfjirice passage to America, which was !* paid, 1 think, by a charitable gentleman of ;! the name of Tucker. Now this man’s name ’ Is G. W, McCracken. He did not indeed bail • from New Tork, hat from Illinois; but, as I intimated above, there are some other little t cirenmfix beside identity of name, that ;• lead me to suspect Identity of person with t A. Johnson’s informer. If A. J.’s McCracken J is really onr McC., X pity the poor wretch . :1 more than I did when he was in tny begging for ten francs. Our G. W. McC., by ■■ the way, had not been In Austria, and, see ing his snlrt unwasbeduess, could have had * no entrance, except in forma pauoeris t to the ' presence chambers of “our Ministers and Consuls.” I sincerely hope that our poor starving McC. is not the gentlemanly corres pondent of Andrew. The Facilities for Reselling tfee Parts Exposition. (From the New York World, March 18.] The routes and reductions of passage adopted by the great lines of oceanic travel, to accommodate the many Americans that are expected to visit Paris for the Exhibition in April become of immediate interest as that event draws near. It is somewhat sln cnlar that in splto of the anticipated rush of the present demand for berths is cot in excess of what usually obtain at this • period of the year. Id anticipation of an unusual patronage, the principal companies have adopted the following schedule of prices, to last during the continuance of the Exhibition; Great Eastern, to Pans.. tl6olagold- . Canard Line, to Uvtrpool 130 in gold. ! lonian tine, to Liverpool liutncold. fnttanLlre,toParUandt>ack SA'ingold. ; Frctch Line, to liSSlngold. * Tbe Coming Fight for th« Champion" t (hip of tbe Prize Bing. [From the New York Herald, March 13.1 It has been pretty generally understood among the fancy that arrangements were being made for a match between Sam Coll yer, the well known champion of light weights, and Barney Aaron, though it waa also known that there was aiailurc of agree ment between the two men as to whore tho light would take place. At a second meet ing, however, this point was settled between the two and articles were drawn up and signed for a light ior the championship and a purse of SS,COO, the “mill” to take place in the month of June next. The stakes aro to be Increased to $5,000 if in the meantime an agreement to that etlcct shall be made between the principals The locality select ed has not yet transpired.