Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, March 25, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated March 25, 1867 Page 2
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Cljtcaigo tUrflmuc. PiUT, TBI-WEEKLY ASB WEEKLY. OFFICE. He. 91'CLAEKJIT. There are three edinooa or me Zmsovs i»aed. X, very monnne. for circulation by. camera, newsmen and toe malls. M-'The Tm-Wixxrr. Mondays,-Wed needays and Fridays, for the malls only; and the WBKH.T. on Thursdays, for the malls and sale at our •ouster and by newsmen - __ Tcrdb of the Chlcaao Tribune: ■ puiruanmil, n. otj <«r 3 JJ. Deity, wnau subscribers (per annum, piys- i I-i.UU Trl.Weetiy.fper anrnm. rayableln advance) C.(|o Weekly, (per annum, payable is advancei..... -0,00 Fractional parts ot 'be year at the same rates. arPeraons rcnsittniß ana ortcrma are or more copies of either the Trl-Weetly or Weekly edition?, in«y retain ten per cent of the subscription price sa a commission. » h mat to bubscezekbs.—-in craning the address of your papers chanced. «o nrevent delay, to sure and specify "what edition yta take—;, eekly, Trl-Weetly, or Daily .‘Alio, ptveyonrPßEsxNT&ndtntare address ' IP* Money, by Draft, Kxpress, Money orders, orln Bsdstere&Leoen, maybesentatoarrisk. Address, . TRIBUNE CO.. Cliicacs. <ll MONDAY, MARCH 25.15C7. THE PROHIBITORY LIQUOR LAW. We have already published In our columns a speech delivered in this city by one of the gentlemen engaged la promoting the cause of temperance, in which the enactment of a strong prohibitory liquor law was advoca ted, and in which it was promised that the issue should be introduced into State poli tics. ‘We have published also a communica tion in reply to that speech, and to-day we make room for the testimony taken before the Massachusetts legislative committee upon that subject. The testimony of a number of the most eminent scholars, divines, physicians and scientific men of New England is given, and its general tenons that such a law is pro ductive of no good, but of much harm ; that it cannot be enforced; that it demoralizes public sentiment, that, in tbe language of the Rev. Dr. Peabody, “it causes perjury, hypocrisy and a general adulteration of liquors ” That it had tbe effect of increasing intemperance was boldly charged by clergy men who in times past had been strenuous advocates of the Maine law, and who now candidly confessed thelrerror. The testimony of the physicians Is of peculiar interest. It controverts much of the popular theory on the subject. The result of this testimony is conclusive that such a law cannot be enforced. That after twelve years of tbe most earnest en deavor, the sale of liquor has not been diminished, that its use has been increased ; that its public sale having been discontinued, Us use by young men and others organized in private clubs, has been augmented, and that while towns have been spared the evil, and have lost the revenue of licensed shops, all the real evils ol ,intemperance have in no wise been diminished, bnt possi bly increased in consequence of the law. The history of the prohibitory liquor law, or the “Maine Law,” as it is generally styled, is an unbroken scries of failures to enforce it, and of failures to accomplish any good results by the attempts to enforce it. If men would all discontinue the use of liquor, there would be no occasion for such a law, bnt when tbe great majority of man kind refuse to discontinue its use, aod will use it, law or no law, we hardly see any end that is to be gained by an attempt at legislative prohibition. Those who vote for such a law do not live up to it. Thousands of persons, who, from various causes, vote for such laws, do so, intending to violate them by buying and using the very article they vote to prohibit to others. The discontinuance of tbe public sale of liquors; increases tbe illicit sales; the dis continuance ol public places for the pur chase of liquor, leads to tbe adoption of a pockcUflask as port of the personal requirements of men. Pro hibitory laws are not respected by the community at large. Public sentiment is lenient to its violations, and public sympa thy is on the side of tbe person prosecuted. Admit that drinking liquor is a vice, and & grievous one—but can vice be prohibited by law, or can virtue be enforced by act of tbe Legislature ? Drunkenness Is a crime society for which the guilty party may be punished. The use of intoxicating liquors leads to drunkenness. Liquor is pur chased or maculacturcd by those who drink it;' therefore it is argued, that to prevent the crime of drunkenness the sale and manufacture of liquor should be prohibited. There arc, however, other crimes which when committed are punish able by law, but the direct agencies leading to their commission are not disturbed. Forg ery Is a crime to commit which a man must learn to read and write; should reading and writing be prohibited by law ? Men commit murder with pistols and knives; should tbe sale of pistols and knives be prohibited ? Men and women who ride on the cars oftcu get killed; should the construction and use of railroads be discontinued ? Steamboat boilers explode, often to the great destruc tion of life; should the use of steam be pro hibited ? • We -will go as far as any in a rational, ear nest endeavor to check intemperance, and to punish all the crimes that flow from that or any other cause. Bat, because we oppose ein, it does not follow that we are for pro hibiting every possible act that may result sin. Bearing false witness is a crime pro hibited in the decalogue: while we would punish the liar for his lying, it docs not fol low that we are in favor of prohibiting the use of the organs of speech, lest men may utter falsehood. The Almighty in His econo my set ns an example In this matter, which we think, with all respect lor the opinions of others, may he followed with safety. He set Els eternal canon acainst crime, and He pointed oat to ns the punishment that would follow it; bat He did not take from us the power to commit it. He gave to us the fullest fieedom. He left us free to avoid sin or commit it knowing the penalty that was attached to the crime. The province of the law is to preserve pnbllc order and public decency,sed to protect life liberty and prop erty. It matters not who may violate either of these, the offence is punishable. But when the law.attempts to regulate the pri vate affairs of men; when-it assumes the province of dictating his diet, what his food and what his drink shall be, what church he shall attend, and how often he must go, what prayers be shall say, and how he shall walk, talk, think-and act in his own per sonal affairs, then the law exceeds its proper and legitimate office, it becomes despotic, and repnlsire to the feelings of mankind, and begets an opposition which is by no means confined to the dealers In liquor. Such a law was proposed in this State twelve years ago, before the experiment had been tried and had failed elsewhere. It was then rejected by the people. That there should be on attempt to revive It now, when it has been condemned by the uniform ex perience of twenty years, is about as prac tical as to propose that we revive the old theory-of know-nothingism, raise again the bauncr of anti-masonry, re-enact the blue laws of Connecticut, or adorn our statute book with the Massachusetts code against witchcraft. TOE DERBY KEfOBTI BILL. The Reform Bill of the Derby Ministry, proposing lo extend the franchise, is only a -tub thrown to the dangerous whale of Liber alism that is just now threatening to upset the old fogy craft which his Lordship strives to keep afloat- It is the evident purpose of the Ministry to do as little as possible—to concede to the people only just as many rights as win serve to stop their clamor lor the time being, and close the question, if not for a generation, at least while his Lord ship holds the reins. “Alter ns the deluge,” is the motto of these gentlemen, who, blind as they are to many facts, are yet too open-eyed not to tee that the reform move meat has obtained such a foothold that its complete success is merely a question of time, and they are determined to ex tend the time as long as possible. We want onr rights! say the neople; and the Premier at once goes about*i£“to see how lew richts they will put up with. The scheme proposed as a compromise, it is esti mated, will admit abont lour hundred thous and new voters in the counties aud boroughs. And this concession, his Lordship fondly hopes, will quiet the whale and allow him to sail on pcacetuily during the remainder ot his dfiys. It required a long contest aud a partial rupture of the Ministry before even this concession was determined upon. The three Ministers whe have recently resigned, were thorough Bourbons, and would not yield anything to the people. They meant to uphold the dignity and privileges of the British aristocracy at all hazards, and -to stand by the exclnsire policy which they re gard os its principal safeguard. Lord Derby, however, had the sagacity to see that such a policy would certainly result In the overthrow of his Government. He began to realize, as popular sentiment was developed, that he would soon be driven to the alterna tive of proposing a substantial measure of reform or of resigning. He was aware that by pursuing the former course he could not count upon the unanimous support of his own party; and ho has accordingly brought in a measure which, he thinks, will unite the moderate Liberals with the bulk of the party to which he naturally looks for support. In short, he expects to overbalauce the losses of the Government party hr gains from the Liberals. This is precisely the policy that ilr. John son tried with such poor success iu this country ou the question of reconstruction. From tbe first his aim was to unite tbe Democratic party, so-called, with the mod erate or conservative Republicans In his sup port, and by such a coalition to overcome the Republicans and secure the Presidency in 1808. It is by no means certain, however that Lord Derby will fall as completely as Mr-Johnson did, or that he wiU ereh fell at all eo'far asconcems the Immediate success of his proposition.—Bat-if-he-ezpeots-tbls to fettle the question fora generation, oc evcn foraycar, he is entirely,mistaken. While he admits four hundred dbonsand Englishmen to the franchise,' four-millions are left out, who are as clamorous for their rights as the four hundred thousand were’before. It Will be pobrcDnsolatton for* the 'disfranchised;to know that every; tenth •• mah of. their number has ' been admitted to-the franchise.'— aß_'l_pobr l : _...lri._:Ja&,'as -would be that of bankrupt’s creditor, who ■•s'hohld'learn-that a portion'of the creditors bad-been paid in frill,‘while he bad no chance of 'recovering, a” pernyi “It‘la true, thafin 1832, little* more" than a generation since! a very'AnrperfSct, /although very important reform bUI sufficed f but there is a great difference between .1832 and.lSG7. Since that period - the‘people' have become compafa lively enlightened,--and-' possess to-day : a -pretty thorough’ knowledge of their rights;* They can no lonfiCT be derived by the theory that franchise and privileges are vested In the ruling class, and that-whenever Govern ment confers any of these upon the people, It generously bestows upon them a gift, which they have no right to Uemand-and for. width they are called upon to be profoundly thankful, as for a signal act of condescension and charity. This nonsense has .lost its ancient hold on the popular mind, and the masses of England are’ to*day firm believers in the theory of Republicanism. They look upon the elective franchise and equal polltl cal rights as the gift of tue Creator, and be lieve that to withhold these rights from tic people Is an act of usurpation and They do not ask Lord Derby to graciously permit them to vote as a poor man asks alms; they demand the franchise as an abso lute right. That is the difference between public sentiment thirty-six years ago and now; and that Is the very reason why the question will haunt every Premier and every Ministry until the right prevails at>l univer sal suffrage becomes the attest of English freedom. There can be no settlement of the question this side of that result. Partial measures will not suffice ; the agitation wQI go on, and no Ministry can expect the tenth part of a generation of peace until the cry of the people is answered, and their rights practically acknowledged. * ■ PBUDEQIGE DOUGLASS, There Is a hotel in Winona, Minnesota, that has two proprietors, and is known as the “ Huff House.” Recently Mr. Freder ick Douglass was invited to that city to de liver a lecture, and the two worthies wlio own the aforesaid “Huff House” had tlie‘ impudence to refuse to receive him in tbc|r house, because of his color, except upon conditions degrading to him. We say im pndence, because it was nothing less, for if. both of these fellows together had a tithe of Douglass’ ability or learning, no one in Winona would recognize them without an introduction. Tbe spite they exhibited did not, of coarse, make it necessary for Mr. D. to remain out of doors over night—there were plenty who were icady to entertain him, and we in derstand that he finally accepted the hos pitality of a Democrat, who was disgusted with tbe meanness of his brother Democrats of the Huff House. To say that Mr..Donglaas’ presence would have been an honor to the House and its proprietors is unnecessary. Mr. Douglass is a man whose talent, history, eloquence, wit and position entitle him to respect and consideration everywhere. To compare either of the owners of the Winona tavern with him in any of these respects, would be like comparing one of Gulliver’s Lilhpnts to a Brohdignagtan giant. The Huff House, we understand, is called the best hotel in Winona; bat this is not so much a compliment to the Huff House as it is a severe comment on the other hotels. Tbe sent!- meat of the people of Minnesota and of Winona is opposed to such vulgar brutality us these fellows displayed on the occasion referred to; and It is quite probable they did it more to exhibit their importance than be cause of any fear of giving offence to other guests. Mr. Douglass has met with a great many such low-hred creatures as these in his day, and we presume was not at all discon certed that the gates of the Huff House were closed against him. He has lived to witness the almost perfect triumph of the principles of freedom and justice which he has advocated so long and so cloqently. He has seen the race whose cause he has plead with such power, elevated from the degrada tion of bondage to a position of equality be fore tbe law, and to be the politlal peers of their former oppressors. No man of his race has' done so much to achieve these glorious results as he—few men of any name or color have done more, and few arc more generally respected and esteemed. We pre sume that his exclusion from tbe Huff House will not, at present, constrain him to retire from public life. Xsrlt will be seen by onr New York de spatch that tbe Winter Garden was burned down yesterday. The loss is estimated at SBOO,OOO, and among tbe sufferers is the actor Kdwin Booth. Tbe Winter Garden was built by the late comedian, Wm. E. Burton, In 1857-8, in connection with tho Lifarge House, which hotel it adjoined. Burton, who, it Is known, made several fortunes during his life, and Invariably lost them in a little while, bad been in lack forsome time previous to this enterprise. He sold tho old theatre in Chambers street r -to the United States Government; and unusual pros perity in management bad re trieved his fortunes and made him once more independent. The Winter Garden, however, proved to be a poor in vestment. Barton did everything in his power to achieve success; he acted, wrote plays, tried to get up sensations and attrac tions In every way possible, but fate was against him. His enterprise was a failure and a very expensive one. It reduced him once more from comparative wealth to de pendence, and he abandoned tbe Winter Garden as a hopeless speculation, and went to “ starring” for a lining. In this he was sure of success, for few actors were more popular, and why bis Winter Garden proved so disastrous to bis pocket is among the mys teries of theatrical management. It cer tainly was not. owing to any want of Indus try on Mr. Barton’s part, for no man ever worked harder; and the failure was a source of grievous disappointment and humiliation to him. The Lafarge House and Winter Garden were built on the sight of a former build ing that had been burned. They were situ ated In Broadway, directly opposite Bond street. It is stated by the Nashville Frets and Tones that the managers of the Johnson par ty in Tennessee arc trying to induce colored delegates to occupy seats as delegates' in the Conservative State Convention that is to as semble on tbe sixteenth of April proximo. It says : “Propositions to that effect, and offers of scats, have been tendered to colored per sons In this section, by the very men who tried to debar them from the exercise of the franchise.’' It has faith, however, in the in tegrity and respectability of the colored men, and believes that none'can he found vile enough to accept such low association. “The bribes they may offer to colored men,” it saj s, “will bo Indignantly spurned, as they already have been In several instances.” The negroes evidently have too much regaidfor their reputation to sit beside Copperheads as peers in a State Convention. We commend their taste. * £57” The Southern Relief Bill has passed both Houses of Congress by very decided majorities, and we hope it will stop the slan derous tongues of Copperhead demagogues who proclaimed that the Republicans wanted to let the rebel bretbern of the South starve and die for want of food. This authorizes Genera! Howard, chief of the Freedmen’s Suican, to relieve suffering aud distress among the poorer classes of the South out of the funds now stauding to the credit of ‘he Bureau. It was not necessary to v >te an extra million of dollars, for relief purposes. There are $1,800,000 surplus funds iu the Treasury subject to General Howard’s order, and as he is a mao of great and impartial benevolence and a sincere Christian, and having from the first administered the Freedmen’s Bureau as much in the interest of white as of black, the relief afforded by him to indigent Southerners will be ample for their needs, until the new crops are fit ior food. So that Copperhead howl is stopped. EvTThe hill suspending payment lor .‘-laves drafted or received as volunteers in the military service of the Government, has passed both Houses of Congress and awaits the President’s signature. It is expected he will veto it irom the sheer force of habit. Wc trust the Copperheads will all heartily endorse this bill, as it will save the Treasury several millions of dollars. They have been making savage charge? against the “ wanton jfnd reckless expenditures of a Radical Congress.” But here Is a case of heavy re trenchment—a positive saving of a great sum of money to the tax-payers; therefore we shall expect to read warm commendations of the hill In the Copperhead press. Tlxe Reprieve of Williamson, The quiet city of Pekin, in Tazewell County, came near being tbe scene of a fear ful tragedy on Friday lost. That day bad been appointed for the execution of William son for the murder of William Koch. Uu dertbc representations ofthejleadiug officers and citizens of that county tbit a respite in the execution for a few weeks would be almost sure to result in tbe arrest and con viction of other guilty parties, the execu tion of Williamson was postponed. The people who were ready to take the law into their own hands could not hare understood the real motive of the reprieve or they would have been entirely satisfied with the action of tbe State authorities in regard-to it. They have not the least disposition to prevent the rigid administration of Justice, and the strict execution of the taw against all offenders. BASTTA'FS “SOPHISMS.” Sophisms of ttie Protective Policy | By pr. Basdat In 1816, H. B&silot, the distinguished French writer on Political Economy, pub lished a pamphlet entitled u Sophisms of the Protective Policy.” ‘ Inasmuch as the tariff lobby are now parroting the old sophisms which were exploded in Europe twenty years ago, a iresh. interest attaches to M. Bastiat’s masterly pamphlet. The follow ing is a translation of the first chapter, en titled AfIDND&NCE—SCARCITY; Which Is best for man ana for society, abun dance or scarcity? How, If may he exclaimed, can such a question •be asked? .Has It ever, been pretended, is it poa-_ eiblc to zaaictaio, titatiECafcliy can bo the basis of man's happiness ? -Yea; this has been maintained., this Is dally maintained; and Ido not hesitate to say that the scarcity theorpM by far the most popular of the ’■daynffuri:!sh‘ n 3‘‘the' subjecTof dlfcosalona In conversations, journals, books, conrta of justice; and extraordinary as-it-.may appear, it is certain that political economy will have fulfilled,its taek and Its practical mission,-when'll shall have ren dered-- popular, and trretutahle the simple propeitlon that “in abundance consist man’s -riches,”—'- • - - : - Do we not hear-ltsald every day, “Foreign nations are inundating us with their produc tions? 11 .Then we fear abundance. . ; Has not M. do Saint Cncq said “ Production' is superabundant f 1 Then Le feats abundance. - Do we not see workmen destroying and break ing machinery ? They are frightened byiho ex cess of production; in other words, they fear abundance.- • Has not M. Bageand said, “Let bread be dear and the agriculturist will be rich. 11 . Now bread can only be dear because It is scarce. Then M. Bugeand desired scarcity. ■Has not M. d’Argout produced the fruitfulness of the sugar culture as an argument against it? Has be notsaid, “Tbe beet cannot have a perma nent and. extended cultivation, because a few acres given up to It in each department would famish sufficient for the consumption of all France?* 1 Then, lu his opinion, good consists insierility-aud scarcity; evil In fertility and abtmdaucc. "In. rresse," "Lt Commerce,-' and the majori ty ol our journals are, every day, publishing ar ticles whose aim is to prove to the Chambers and to Government that a wise policy should seek to raise prices, by tariff;; aud do we not daily ace these powers obeying these Injunctions of the press? Now,tariffs can only raise prices by di minishing the quantity of produce offered for sale. Then, hero we see gazettes, the Chambers, the Ministry, all guided by tbo scarcity theory, and i was correct in my statement that this theory is by far tbe most popular. How then has it happened that in tbe eyes at ooce of laborers, editors and statesmen, abun dance should appear alarming, and scarcity ad vantageous? It la my intention to endeavor to show the origin of tbia illusion.] A man becomes rich In proportion to tbe profit ableness of bis labor; that Is to say in proportion cel* stilt hit produce at a highprice. Tbe price of bis prodace is high In proportion to its tcarcity. It is flair, then, that, as far as regards him, at least, scarcity enriches him. Applying successively this manner of reasoning, to each class of * 'orers Individually, ike tcarcity theory 1* dc* remit To put this theory Into prac tice - -a order to favor each class of labor, an ailiflcjl scarcity Is forced in every kind of pro duce, by prohibition, restriction, suppression-of machinery, and other like measures. lu tbe same manner, it Is observed that when an ai tide is abundant it brings a small price. Tbe gains of tbe producer arc, of coarse, less. If this is the case with all produce, all producers are then poor. Abundance then ruins society. And as any strong conviction will always seek to fores it self into practice, we see, in many countries, tbe laws straggling to prevent abundance. This sophism, stated In general form, would produce bnt a slight .Impression. But when ap plkd to any particular article of industry, to any one class of labor, it is extremely speclooa, be cause it Is a syllogism which is not false, but In complete. * And what Is true in a syllogism always necessarily presents itself to the mind, while the incomplete, which is a negative quantity, an un known value, is easily forgotten in the calcula tion. Him produces In order to consume. He is at once producer and consumer. Tbe argnmenlglven above, considers him only under the first point of view. lot us look at him in tho second character and the conclusion will be different. We mar say. The consumer is rich in proportion as he buys at a low price. He buys at a low price in propor tion to the abundance of tbe article in demand; abundance then enriches him. Tnls reasoning ex tended to all consumers must lead to the theory of obvndanci! It Is tho imperfectly understood notion of ex change of produce which leads to these fallacies. If we consult onr individual interest, wc perceive immediately that It is double. As setters we are interested in blgn prices, consequently in scarci ty. As buyers onr advantage is in cheapness, or what Is the same thing—abundance. It Is impos sible then to found a prooor system of reasoning upon either the ono or the other of these separate interests, before determining which of the two co incides and identifies itself with the general and permanent interests of mankind. IS man were a solitary animal, working exclu sively for himself, consuming the trait of his own personal labor; if, in a word, bo did not ex change bis produce, the theory of scarcity could never have Introduced Usolf into the world. It wonld be too strikingly evident that abundance, whencesoever derived, la advantageous to him. whether this abundance might be the result of bis own labor, of Ingenious tools, or of powerful machinery; whether due to tbe fertility of the soli, to tho liberality of nature, or to an inun dation” of foreign produce, such as tbe sea bringing from distant regions might cast upon bis sbo:es. Never wonld tho solitary man have dreamed, in order to caconracc bis own tabor, of destroying his instruments for facilitating bis work, of neutralizing the fertility of the soil, or casting back into the sea tbe produce of Us boun ty. He would understand that bis labor was a means, not an end; and (bat it wonld be absurd 10 reject the object in order to encourage the means. He would understand that if bo has re quired two hoars per day to supply his nccesi ities, anything which spares him an hour of this labor, leaving the result the same, gives him this hour to dispose of as be pleases in adding to bis comforts. In a word, be •■’dull understand taat every stop in tho saving of labor is a step in the Improvement offals condi tion. Bat traffic clouds onr vision in the contem plation of this so simple truth. In a state of so ciety with the division of labor to which it loads, tbe production and consumption of an arti cle no longer belong to tho same Individual, Each now looks upon bis labor not as a means, but as an end. The exchange of produce creates with regard to each object two separate Interests, that of the producer and that of the consumer; and these two interests arc always directly op poses to each other. It is essential to analyze and stndy tbe nature of each. Let ns then enoposc a producer of what ever kind; what Is bis immediate interest? It con sists in two things: first, tbat % tho smallest possi ble number individuals should devote them selves to the business which he follows; and secondly, taat the greatest possible number should seek tbe art'cles of his produce. In the more succinct terms of political economy, tbe sup ply should be small, the demand large; or yet in other words; limited competition, unlimited con sumption. What, on the other side, is fbc immediate Inter est of the consumer? That the supply should he large, the demand small. As these two interests are Immediately opposed a *o each other, it follows, that Ifone coincides with I tbe general interest-of society tho other most be adverse to it. Which then. If either, should legislation favor as conUibuting most to the traod oi the com mnnily'J To determine this question, Itsufflces to seek In which tbe secret desires of the majority of men would be accomplished. Inasmuch as we are producers, It must be con- Jessed that we have each of os anO-eocial desires. Are we vine-growere J It would not distress ua were the frost to nip all the vines in the world ex cept our own: Utls is Uu scarcity theory. Are we Iron-workers? We would desire (whatever might be tbe public need) that the market should otter no iron but our own; and precisely for the reason that this need painfully felt and imperfectly supplied causes ns to receive a high price for oar produce: again Jure is the theory of scarcity. Are we agri cnlttulsts ? Wo say with M.JUngeand, let bread be dear, that is to say scarce, and our business goes well: again the theory of scarcity. Are wc physicians ? We cannot but see that certain physical ameliorations, such as the im proved climate of tbe country, the dcvclopcment of certain moral virtues, the progress of knowl edge poshed to the extent of enabling each Indi vidual to take care of bis own health, the dis covery of certain simple remedies easily applied, would be so many fatal blows to our profession. As physicians, then, our secret desires are anti social. 1 most not be understood to imply that physicians allow themselves to fora such desires. I am happy to believe that they would hail with joy a universal panacea. But la such a sentimeutiti) the man, the Christian, who man bests himself, and who, by a praiseworthy abnega tion <sf sell, takes that point of view of the ques tion which belo: gs to the consumer. As a physi cian, exercising bis profession, and gaining from this profession his standing in sodety, bis com forts, even the means of existence of his family, it is impossible hat that his desire?, or. if you please so to word it. bis Interests, should be anti social. Arc we manufacturers of cotton goods? Wc de sire to sell tbem at ihe price most advantageous to ourselves. Wc would willingly consent to the snppr'eslon of all rinl manufactories. And if we dare sot publicly express this desire, or pursue tie complete realization of It with some success, wc do so, at least to a certain extent, by indirect means; as, for example, the exclusion of toreign goods in order to diminish the guan'.i’y and to produce thus by forcible means, and for our own profits, a scarcity of clothing. We might thus pass in review every business and every profession, and would always find that tbo producers, in their character of producers, have invariably anti social interests. “ The shop keeper. 1 ’ says .Montaigne, “ succeeds in bis busi ness through the extravagance of youth; the la borer by tbe high price of grain; the architect by the rain of bouses; officers of justice by lawsuits aid Quarrel#.' The standing and occupation even of ministers of religion ore drawn from oar death and our vices No physician tabes pleasure iu ihe health oven ot his friends; no soldier In the peace of his country; ao't so on with all. 1 ’ Jf ibcn, the secret desires of each producer were realized, the world would rapidly retrograde to wards barbarism. Ihe sail would proscribe steam; tbo oar would proscribe the sail, only in its turn to give way to wagons, the wagon to the mule, and the mnlc*tc| bo foot peddler. Wool would exclude cotton; cotton would exclude wool: and thus on, until the scarcity and want of everything would cause man himself to disappear from the face of the globe. If wc go ou to consider the immediate interest of the consumer, we will flad it la perfect harmo ny with the public Interest, aud with the well-be ing of humanity. When tbe buyer presents him self iu the market, he desires to find It abundant ly furnished. Bo sees with pleasure propitious season? for harvesting; wonderful inventions pot ting within bis reach Hie largest possible quantity of produce; lime and labor saved; distances ef faced ; the spirit of peace nnd justice Diminishing the weight of lazes; every barrier to Improve merit cast down; and In all this his Interest mas ptrtliel with an enlightened public In terest. lie may push _ hli etcret desires to an absurd and chimerical height. but never can they cease to be humanising' Id ibclr tendency. He may desire that food and cloth Ins, house and hearth, instruction and mo rality, security and peace, strength and health, should come tons without limit aod without labor or effort on our part, as the water of the stream, the air which we breathe, and the sunbeams xn which we bask, bnt never conld the realization of his milt extravagant wishes* ran counter to the good of society. . ’ v - It may be said, perhaps, that were these desires granted, the labor of the producer constantly chccktd would end by being entirely arrested for want of support. But why? Because in this ex treme supposition every Imaginable need and de sire would be completely,' satisfied. Man. like the All-powctlul, would crealo by the single act o! bis will. How in sach an hypothesis conld labori ous production be regretted? 1 Imagined a little while back a Legislative As gem* ly composed .of producers,'of whom each member would cause to pass' Into a law his secret -deslreas a-produccrraud Tl sald'that the code’ which would emanate from-* such an--Assembly conld he nothing but systematized monopoly; the scarcity theory pnt into practice. _ ; In the same manner, an Assembly In which each member would- consult only his immediate Inter est of.eonsamer,‘ w6uld‘alin at the systematizing of free trade; the suppression of every restric tive measure; the destruction- of artificial: bar riers ; in' a word, would realize -the theory 1 of abundance. • It follows then, < That to consult exclusively the Immediate In terest of theprodoerr, Is to consult an anti-social interest. To lake exclusively for basis tbe interest ,of the consumer, la to take for basis the general In terest. - - • | Let me be permitted to Insist once more upon this point of view, though at Ihe risk of repetition. A radical bnt rational antagonism exists be tween tbe vender and the buyer. 1 The former - wishes the article offered to be scarce, supply small, aad at a high price. Tbe latier wishes it abundant, supply large, and at a low price. _ The laws, which should, at least, remain neu tral. actually take part for the vender against tbe buyer; for the producer against the consumer; for high.prices against low prices; for scarcity against abundance. They act, if not Intentionally at least logically, upon tbe principle that a nation i« rlcft in proportion as it is in leant of every thing. For, say they, it is necessary to favor the pro ducer by securing him a profitable disposal of bis produce. To effect this, its price be raised; to raise tbe price, the snpoly must be diminished by larifia; and to diminish the supply is to create scarcity. • : Let us suppose that at this moment, with these - laws in fall action, a coincide inventory should be made, not by value, but by weight, measure and quantity, of all articles now in Franco calcu lated to supply the necessities and pleasures: of its Inhabitants—as grain, meal, woollen and cot ton goods, fuel, colonial produce, &c. ~ Let us suppose again that to-morrow every bar rier to lie introduction of foreign goods should bo removed. | Then, tojndpc of the effect of such a reform, let a new inventory bo made three months hence. la It not certain that at the time of the second inventory,tbe quantity of (train, cattle, goods, coal, sugar, <frc., will be greater than at the first? So true is this, that the sole object of- oar pro* tectlve tariff Is to prevent each articles from reach* log ns, to dimmish the supply, to avoid a decline In prices, or which Is the same thing, to prevent the abundance ©! articles In tbe market. Now I ash, arc the people under tho action of these laws belter fed because there la less bread, less meat, and lees sugar in the country f Arc they better clothed because there arc fewer goods? Belter wanned because there Is fcssconlf they prosper better In their labor, because iron, copper, tools and machinery are scarce ? But, It Is answered. If wc are inundated with foreign goods and produce, onr coin will leave tho country. • JtyTell, and what matters that ? Han la not fed with coin. Ho docs not dress in gold, nor warm himself with sliver. What difference does It make whether there be more or less coin In tbe country, provided there bo * more bread in tbe cupboard, mote meat in tbe larder, more clothing In tho press, and more fael in the cellar? To restrictive lairs, I offer this dilemma: Either you allow that yon produce scarcity, or you do not allow It. If yon allow i U yon confess at once that your end la to injure the people as mnch as possiide. If yon do not allow it, then yon deny year power to diminish tbe supply, to raise tbe price, and consequently yon deny having fat ored the producer. Yon are cither Injurious or worthless. Yon can never be useful. NEWS BY TELEGRAPH FROM OUR STODAY EDITION FROM EUROPE. BY OCEAN TELEGRAPH. Fnusia. Behlik, Match 23. CAUSE or xatoleon’s jealousy. There ts a bitter feeling In France over the al leged treaty between Prussia, Bavaria and Baden, acd It is believed that the effort of Napoleon to form a Confederation against Prussia is traceable to this cause. Bzbuk, March 23. TUEATT WITH TUB EINODON OF WCBTENSUBO. King William has succeeded In effecting an!of tensive and defensive treaty with tho Kingdom of Wnncmhurg. Belgium. uefcbai. to join hapoixoh’b cokpederatioh. March 25. U Is officially announced that King Leopold will not enter Into the pioposcd Confederation with France, Holland and Switzerland. Tho Eastern Question, TDItEET UEFCStfI TO TO OItEECS. Vienna, March 23. Tbe Sublime Porte has refused the proposition of the Great Powers relative to ceding CaodU to Greece, Great Britain. STRAW Ell ABUIVAL. Queenstown, March 23. The steamer Manhattan bom New York has ar rived. Latest Foreign Markets. FINANCIAL. London, March 23— Noon. L Contois si* bonds, 71V; Illinois Central, 70V Erie, 89*. London, March 23—Evening. Consols closed at 91 fbr money; Five-Twenties, 71V; Illinois Central, 79V: Erie, 39. Fbanktobt. March 23— Evening. Five-Twenty bonds dosed at 73. Pajus, March 23—Evening. United States bonds sold to-day at 81*. connkecial. Livtcpool, March 23—Noon. Cotton dnll at 13Vd for middling uplands; WV'l for New Orleans. Provisions, generally unchanged. Eastern prime mess, 77s Cd. Drcadstuffa unchanged. Oats quoted at 3s Sd. Livzspool, March 23—Evening. Cotton closes quiet at l3V@Ud for middling up lands. Sales. 8,000 bales. ! Brcadstulfa market quiet. Com, 41s. Pork firm. Lard, s» Provision market inactive, sea ed. . Spirits turpentine. 37s Sd; common, 9s 6d; Calcutta linseed, C6e. Iron, sla 6d tor Scotch pig. ABTICES BY MAIL. Details Concerning the Late Fenian Revolt—Tlie Rebels Confronted by Troopa and Dispersed In all Direc tions—Artemus Ward’s Last Sickness. New York, March S3.—The stcamerlAastiallan brings Liverpool advicca to the 9iU and Queens town to the 10th instant.' 1 Tbe Fenian movement was dying onfWhcre over Fenians appeared they were promptly faced by the troops and constabulary and at once dis persed. * The London Times urge? the arrest of every semi-American who may be found spreading treason among people. The Pall Mall Gazette says: “This outbreak justifies all tbe apprehensions exorested in this journal three weeks ago, namely, that in a conn try like Ireland; 5,000 or 0,000 rebels, divided into different bands, and acting on the plan oftbe late Polish insurrection, may harass and fatigue flflb times (hat number of troops and keep tbe country in a state of revolt for an almost indefin ite time.*, The Cork Examiner oftbe-fltb says: “TheJn- Bnrrectlon. which Thursday seemed all bat sup pressed, has. in one direction b£gao again to as sume a serious aspect. luQJmcrlck and Tipperary* the Fenians have been permitted to assemble in large bodies, and Slopes and Qallea were yester day occupied by an Insurgent force, believed to master several thousand. Ills not anticipated that their temerity will go to the length of risking an encounter with troops. They have no means of carrying ' on an ofienstve war fare, ana an attack on the force which occupies the line of railroad, wo**.ld simply entail slaughter upon the insurgents. So far from being able to assume tbe offensive, the rebels could not maintain their position in the mountains for on boor against a determined at tempt to dislodge them; bet In the fact of the men being collected, however imperfectly armed or trained, there is a certain amount of clanger, and the existence of this force will, we fear, keep -alive the movement in other places, where it was dying oat Beyond this (he danger docs not extend, for even if no at tempt should be made to disperse the Insurgents, their entire want of supplies will renoer it imprssiblc lor them to hold together -long. Vagne rumors, however, ore current (tut we have not seen the worst of the insurrection. Throughout yesterday a sense of Insecurity wide ly prevailed, not only in the country, but in Wa terford and Kerry, which have hitherto remained compatauvely tranquil. Every one who can possibly quit the country districts Is coming ‘for aecmity into towns. It is impossible to say what may not occur, for we aro dealing with a movement .sot to bo Judged by the rules of orolnary common sense, but after tbe experience of the past lew days: after the un interrupted 'disaster that has befallen the insur gents wherever they come in coctart with the police or soldiers, even under tbe most favorable circumstances, wo can hardly imagine how the tame men could con-lnne to delude themselves with the hope of future success. Much of the panic that prevails ls,wc will not say unreasonable, but unfounded, 'the entire north of Ireland and west of Ireland remains tranquil. In this county ihe movement has ceased to be formidable. Kerry and Waterford are tranquil, and the only point at which danger exists is where the Fenians are collected in tnc neighborhood of the Galies, whore the military lorce in their front is amply sufficient for any emergency.” The remains ofArtemns Ward bare been tempo rarily placed In a vault atKensal Green Cemetery, London, when. In accordance with bis desire, they will bo conveyed to America. For nine days be fore bis death he was quite Insensible. By bis will be leaves tnc bulk of bis ptoperiy to bis mother, and bis love tor children is shown by the extraordinary number of legacies to persons of tender age. Tbe property bequeathed to his mother Is at her death to revert iu trust to Uoracc Grceley,to bcfapnlicd lor the foundation of an asy lum for aged and decayed'printcra. FIRES. Destructive Conflagration at Earlvllle, Hinois—Loss Estimated at $150,000 Fires In Ollier Places. {Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.] Korlviixx, 111., March 23. A fire caught at nine o’clock last evening from the igniting of kerosene in the cellar of a store owned by A. B. Conklin. Thence it rapidly ex tended to the stores of Luther Beal, Robison & Co. Mirick & Co., A. B. Brcesc, Joseph Haas, the harness shop of J. H. Brecscaud banking bouse of Wm. R. Haight, Crossing ihe street it look in its course tuc stores of L. Hlscock. u. T. McKln roT ciiiuldt 4 Co., saloon of A. U. Smith, mllll nerv store of Mrs. r . B. Smith and law office of j W B-owne, Esn- Its course In this direction was stayed by the three story brick store ot J. J. P< Oc another street It consumed the large livery stable of Ibomu Disnoore; thelarge ball dingof Mr. McGregor, occupied in part by hhnaolf si s grocery; alaoylba_atore ot Brown A Mason; bar nets Bnop of H. Basra!, ssd basement saloon of O. Honor & Bro.; also, (be grocery of William •Van Derrecter. The next and last '.building con* Bnmed in this direction was the large hotel ot C. W. Brown. : pearly,all the buildings were in good condi tion, acd well stocked with eoods, quite a por xtiosot which were saved, though in a damaged condliion. ] ?. •• . - The Insurance U comparatively Ucht in almost every instance. Brown’s Hotel, with alt IU con tents, Is a total loss. Many ot the buildings were occupied -)»y families .In the upper stories, who are by. this disaster rendered homeless. But two or three stores are left standing. At one time tbc large gram warehouse of Lukins A Co. wa* os die, but was saved with little damage. Our town presents a dreary and desolate ap pearance to-day. 3he los- is large for a country town, be!' g variously estimated at from $123,000 to SIMI,OOU. Wahttko. "March 23.—At [a Ulllc ’after mid jikhtafire biObcout la the steam elevatoroccu pied .by Granger & Miller, aud at this writing (4 o'clock iu'the morning) It Is entirely Consumed. ’ . It. Is supposed to have originated In the furnace, at* the ho ler had been.under htavy pressure dur-- ing the day and evening, which-left the brick work enclosure intensely heated. The leas to H. PTGrangcrlfl about S3,(WO. Mo insurance. ’ ( FROM WASHINGTON, [Special Despatch tb the Chicago Tribune.] WaaunraiOH. March 21. TIIE QUESTION OF ADJODBKVEKT. ‘ The resolution for an adjournment ot Congress on Tuesday' noon to' the. regular Umo In Decem ber. kept the Senate till a Isle hour this - Mr. Trambnil moveait, and Messrs. Fessenden, Cockling, Siewart, Conocss, Williams a*>d John son supported * It. ' The' opposition cams from Chardicr, Drake, Morton, Yates, Sumner, Nye, Morrill, of Vermont, and Howe, Governor Yates.speaking, some length, and Mr. Drake speaking three or four times, Mr. Chandler very auonglv denouncing’ the President. Tbc proposition to meet in .June received fourteen voles, the middle of October nineteen, and the nrstof November eighteen. The first Monday in December was .finally fixed by yeas 29, nays 16, Tbc Renubllcaus .who voted in favor of the reso lution were: 1 -Anthony;. Frclinghnysen, Sherman, j Cameron; Henderson, Sprague, Cattcll, Howe. Stewart, Conkllng, Morgan, Trumbull. Cuunees, Morrill, of Me , Wiley, CorbH, Patterson, of N.Winfams, Edmonds, U. Wilson. Fessenden, Ramsey, ■ . Tbe opposite vote was os follows: . Chandler, ■ Howard, dnmner, Cole, Morrill, of Vt., Thayer, Crogln, Morton. lipton, Dr<ke, Pomeroy, Wade and Fowler, Roes, Yates. Harlan, Of the Republicans who voted in the affirma tive, the fo,lowing had also voted for meeting, in October: Edmonds, Morrill, Patterson and Wil son. * • The House spent nearly two honra on the reso lution brought In by Mr. Blaine for adjournment on Tuesday noon to tholllhof November, but came to no conclusion thereon.' The debate was participated i« by Messrs. Blaine, Butler, Bout* well, Stevens,Wilson, of lowa, Garfield, Beniamin and others, and teemed to indicate that there were about fory-llvc Republicans who want to meet In 'May or June, and -about the same number who want to reassemble in October. IT a vote could bare been reached on Mr. Blaine's proposition, it would probably have been carried by a small majority. The Senate resolution will be taken from the Speaker's table aa soon as it can»be reached on Monday, and a sharp squabble will probably follow on the question of agreeing to It. The impeachment party wilf oppose It strongly, but the indications are that It will be carried through. It would receive a stronger vo'.c if it fixed a time three or four weeks earlier. DOOLITTLE UANPANT. Tho speech made in tbe Senate this nßernoon by Mr. Doolittle, when the copy of the evidence taken by (be New York Custom House Investi gating Committee was presented, was certainly tbe most extraordinary one ever delivered in that Chamber. The Senate suspended its rules, and allowed him to use such language as he pleased, and he availed himself of tida unprecedented priv ilege to denounce Mr. Halbard, the Chairman of the Committee, in the coarsest and most offensive terms, accusing him of perjory, lorgery, wanton slander and wilful falschooos. Governor Morgan and Sir. Conkllng briefly and temperately re pelled Doolittle’s abuse, and defended Ms. Hal bard, eaying that be is one of the purest of mon, and that he bad only performed (he duty with which he was charged by the House. The evi dence was referred tothb Judiciary Committee, with directions to Investigate the whole question concerning Doolittle and Patterson, and IX neces sary to Bend for persons and papers. AKOTHEB TITO VETOED. Hlia Mnaoimi An IKa PoMtial-urtlnn Tltll The veto message on the Reconstruction Bill occupied the House Just forty minutes, and tbe Senate Just thirty minute?, this afternoon. The attendance in the galleries was not greater than usual, and thore was no debate or objection to Im mediate action In either body. It appears from two or three sentences In the opening paragraph of the message that neither the President nor Attorney General bad read the bill since the last three amendments of tbe House were added (here to, os there Is an entirely incorrect statement made as to its scope with respect to tho punish ment for perjury. nnxs APPBOTED. Tho President has signed the bill ordering (be Richmond gold, so-called, to be paid Into tho Treasury; also lie bill giving one suit of clothing to each inmate of any Soldiers’ Home, and also the ball directing Secretary Seward to turn over the property at Comp Chase to the Slate authori ties. BEsTon&noK or bedel rnorrmr. The New York TAbune special soys General Saxton, m tls testimony before the Judiciary Committee concerning the restoration ofproperty to rebels In m South Carolina, said be acted up on direct orders issued from the War Department by the President of ibe Um'ed States. The amount of this property was very largo, as It consisted of bouses, lands, «£c., which had been abandoned by tho rebels. All the property In tbe hands of the Treasury Agents seized daring the rebellion, and wMcb has bees turned over to General baston, was also surrendered to the rebels by older of the President. Thecommlttec have gone very folly into this question, and the evidence tuns far elicited shows teat hundieou of millions of dollars’ worth of property have been turned over to leading rebels without any warrant of law. Tbe New Yoik Tvnts' special says General Howard testified before tbe Judiciary Committee yesterday concerning the restoration of abandon ed rebel property. He had himself prepared tho original orders for restoration, and submitted them to the President for approval. When they were returned to him be tound them so much modified and changed as to establish a policy al together different from the one bo had recom menced. TREATMENT OP AMERICAN CITIZENS IN CHEAT BBITAIN. Washington, March 22.—The correspondence relative roibe arrest. Imprisonment and treatment ol American citizens In Great Britain. or its Prov inces, wltbm two years past, is still In progress, and therefore its publication at the present Janet arc would, in the opinion of the Secretary of state, be incompatible with the Interest of the United States. THE INDIAN TROUBLES. Ocncrai Sherman, in a letter from bis headquar ters, dated at Fort Laramie, on the 13th, says ail troops in the Department of Dakota and on the Plane and Missouri Rivera aro beieg placed in position- to afford the beat protection to the telcgrapn and mall rentes across the Plains, as well as to protect the four principal roads by which the emicrants travel or merchants send their goods destined for the raonnlain Ter ritories. The troops will occupy points which can to readily held by a fraction ot the garrison, while the remainder can operate aa escorts for ex peditions between the posts. The commanding officers ol these posts or stations will act against all people who violate the laws of Congress, or who endanger the lives or property of people, bo they white, black or copper-colored. When there are no courts or civil authorities to hold or pan ish each malefactors, we mast, he says, ot neces sity nee the musket pretty freely—the only weapon wtuch soldiers ought to deal with. Peaceful peo ple, whites, blacks, or Indians, will be left to be dealt with by the cinl authorities and agents. JUUTAUT EXPEDITIONS. General Hatcock has organized a special force of about fifteen hundred men, with which he will proceed in person to the country of tho Cheyennes asdEtowas, below tho Arkansas, and there con fer with them and ascertain Ifthey want to Ugh*, in which case be will indulge them. If, however, they will assure him thatjthcy will remain at peace, subject to their treaties and agen’B, wc wul no disturb them. General Augur has prepared a force of about 2,000, to be sent urdcr a competent commander, General Gibbons, to ihe region of country In the heart of Ponder and Yellow Stone rivers, to pun ish bands ol hostile Sioux who hsvo invested that road for the past year, and kilied many people, and are at open war. No mercy should do shown to these Indians, for they grant no quarter, nor ask forJL. . •=- General Augur was instructed, if possible, to polity all Sioux who wished to avoid the Cato of their hostile fellows, to come lato some of tho military posts on the I’lalte, where wo could feed them temporarily, and turn them over to the care of their proper agents. But as Congress has provided lor a Commission to visltthosc In dians, General Sherman bad instructed him I to delay active hostilities until these Commissioners have exhausted their efforts, and reported to him their inability to influence the conduct of the hos tile Sioux by pacific means. VmaiNlA LEGISLATURE. The Richmond legislature adjourned until April lOib. The State Debt Interest BUI was passed. DETTH OP DB. LIVINGSTONE. Particulars of the death of Dr. Livingstone have been officially received bv letter from the United stales Consul atZanzibar. THE IMPEACHMENT. Mr. Wilson, Chairman of the Bouse Judi ciary Committee, will leave to-morrow for lowa, usd will be absent tor several weeks. The Im peachment matter wIU not be definitely acted on until December next. registration op voters. The registration of voters in too First Ward up to to-niebt shows 1,411 colored and 80S whites. THE MARYLAND SENATORS HIP. It appears that the further inquiry as to the loy ally of Governor Thomas, Senator elect from Maryland, has been postponed until the next ses sion of Congress. THE TREASURE PIUS TING BUREAU. Washington. Match 23, —The commute to in vestiga'e the affairs of the Priming Bureau report no traudulcnt or over issue of Government Securities. TREASURY DISBURSEMENTS. Disbursements for the week 52,219,559. INTERNAL REVENUE RECEIPTS. Receipts ol Internal Revenue to-day, $539,570. EXCURSION. The Nations! Base BsU Club propose a western trip about the middle of July. They will visit Cincinnati, Louisville, Indianapolis, St_Loais,and Chicago, A3I ARKISBAS fiCKATOB. 1 Wasuinotok. March 23.—A. 11. Garland, cx» member of the Confederate Congress, has armed at Washington. Ec Is one of too Senators elect f> cm Arkansas. As it Is certain that anjr apnlica* lion be may make for admission to the senate will ho rejected, U Is understood tnat ha In’ends car rying the matter before the Supreme Court. TRIAL OF SURRATT. Surratt will probably not be tried before the next lei mo! Conn, in June. The prisoner and Jits counsel arc anxious fur a speedy trial, but lor tome unasaipned reason bis case i* thus delayed. „COSGRESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS. Washington, March 23, SENATE. Mr. HARLAN reported a joint resolution pro viding lor the registry of children in the District of Colombia between the ages of sis and eighteen Tears; also, the number or schools and teachers to he reported lo the next Congress. Passed. The Senate refused Mr. CHANDLER’S request to take np the hill authorizing the sale of ships to any foreign Government at peace with the United >talcs. The transaction is purely commercial. Hr. RAMSEY introduced a Joint resolution In structing the Secretary of War lo cause the exam* {nation of the losses on the Mississippi River from tbe month of the Ohio to the Golf of Mexico, the cost of repair or construction, «&c. Referred to Committee on Commerce. Mr. COLEin'rodnced a bill to promote forest tree culture on ih-- Plains. Referred to the Com* mlttce on Agriculture. Mr. CONNERS introduced a resolution re quiring tbe Secretary ot the Treasury to commu nicate any information he mar have relating to any proposed change m the mint laws of the United Slates on tbe subject of refining gold and silver ana public policies incident thereto. A sS , fpiLSON called nnthe hill Itf relation to .(be collection of money due to colored soldiers, sailors and hJannes. It provides that all checks and treasury certificate* between soldiers and lallora and their representatives now residing in any State m which slavery existed in 1689, shall be paid (o tbe Commissioner of the Pceedmca’a Bureau, who Is made respouslMefar Uielr custody aztd dellveiy to tbe proper persons. Mr. bHEKMAN offered an amendment that all moLcy held and disbursed under tills act stall "be held and dibumd tinder ilia laws regnl tUng dis' nrslrg officers uf the army. Llllpassed. Mr. RAMSEY called no tbe bill to grant to the American Telegraph Company of New York the right of way ttd privilege to bay. land and.opt-, iste a snomamio teteerapb cable on the Atlantic coast of the : United* States, aod establish tele graphic communication belwced-tbe united Mates and" way.of the Bermuda and Azores Island-*. Passed, i: ; Mr. WILSON introduced a bill providing that there stall he" no denial of the elective franchise' to any male cUbon of the United States hr any State on account of color, race or previous con* oition, anythin? in l» e constitution or Isws to the contrary notwithstanding. Ordered printed. Mr. WILSON mtrodcced a-bill • containing the ptovisiotiß of etc billot JnlySStb, l3C6,rela tlvo to sddltiunal bounties; providing that it shall be applicable to drafted men, seamen • and marines lor a coi responding period. Referred. r*rr.THAYER li t-uduced a joint resolution for bidding tbe removal or location ot any public lands held m trust for any tribe for such par , poses, unless eptcflcally authorized by law or treaty s'liulatlow. Rcfcrtd to Committee on In dian Affaire. • - ' * : - The Senate concurred in (he House amend meats to mo bill m provide tor tbe importation, dmy free, of,works of an for presents ion, <£c. , Ino testimony latcn'by the Committee on the New. York Custom Uonse frauds, ana transmitted to the Senate ns atlecimg certain members of this body, was taken iroroTco table. Messrs. PATTERSON and DOOLIfTLB de fended thcmselViS from the charges made against Mr HOWE expressed tbe belief that the chirgoa against his colleague were without foundation, and of a moat unjust character. Af er consider able oebste, ihc icstlmouy was referred to the Ju diciary Committee, woo were empowered to prbs ccute iboinvestiyailon and send for persona ttnd of-Mr. TRUMBULL, the Senate pro-, ceedcd to consider the Supplementary Recon struction Bill ard the Prcfclaect's veto thereon. The vote resulted—yeas 4f, nays 7, namely: Bnckalew, Davis. Dixon, Doolittle, Norton, Pat terson, Saulabory. Some bill having received a two-thirds vote of those present was passed. • Mr. TRUMBDJiL oflertd a concurrent resolu tion that the two houses adjourn Tuesday next at noon, to >he first Monday In December. Ur. DRAKE moved to amend by inserting in stead,. October 15. . Rejected—ls against 28. Mr. MORRILL.'■I Vermont, moved to amend by inserting the first Monday in November, Rejected—lß against 27. Mr. SUMNER moved an amendment, to adjourn till June, then, unless otherwise ordered, till De cember. Lost—l-t to 31. Mr. CHANDLER moved the Executive session. Lost. Mr, YATES opposed tbe resolution. After further tlcbato, tbe resolution wasadopted, 29 to 16, and the Sonata adjourned to Monday.' ndb*E. Mr. MYEBS InUor.uced a bill to increase the foice of tto Patent Office, authorizing additional examiners when necessary to the number of four of each class and a Solicitor of the Patent Office. The Senate amendment to the House joint rasa* lotion, providing for the importation, duty tree, of objects of art Imnorlcd for presentation to the Government, State Governments or municipal corporations, was concurred in. The toenate bill supplementary lo the act of June If, 18C0, to reimburse West Virginia for wot expenses, was passed, itplaccs Ibedl-trlbullwi of the money under the Secrctaiy of War. < Colonel Moore, the President s Private Secrc- Jaiy, appeared and delivered the veto message on the Supplementary Reconstruction BUI. ! - OUTLINES or TUB VETO MESSAGE. Tbe President objects generally to the bill, and especially to ibo registry, no personsibeing per mitted to vole whose names arc notrecordea. .He

says as the preliminaries to holding the Conven tions arc under martial law, and conducted iby commanding officers, and as there] is no apneal from the registry -to those in control of .it which may eo act as to prevent the election: of each delegates as may falllhfoly represent the wishes ot the people of the State In.the- Conven tion to bo called to Train o tbe now Constitution, no consideration!! conld induce him to give his . approval to such an election law. He speaks oitbe Roconstrnctionßlll and this flap plementary one as establishing nndermsrtiallaw, military coercion, and as working political dis franchisement. He then referred to the remarks of Daniel Webster against military Governments tounded on force and mock'elections, and takes occasion to iciteratc bis views heretofore express ed m relation to tho restoration of the Union, 'ex pressing the hope that eventually oil the States will he admitted to the enjoyment of their rights enderthe Constitution. : Tho message having been read, Ur. WILSON, of lowa, moved the previous question, which was seconded, and the House proceeded to vote on the qaesticn. “ Shall the hill bo - passed, the objec tions of the President to the contrary notwith standing!” Yets, 114 ; nays, 23. So the bill was pa‘Bcri and sent to the Senate. • Mr. BLAINE odered a concurrent resolution (hat when the House adjoan\ next Tuesday, it he to November 11th. Debate followed, in the course of which Mr. Blaine said: it is settled that on any showing, and as bad a man as Ardy Johnson is conceded to be, and whatever he may have done, tho peo ple donut believe it worth while to upturn the foundation ol the Oovcmmcat by having the 'ex traordinary epec'acle here of getting him out of office in that way. Mr. STEVENS said that within the Inst two weeks one of the largest meetings ever held in the Interior of Pennsylvania wa# held in Schuylkill, Imperatively demanding Impeachment, lie be lieved the people expected the House to examine ,Dig matter, and if there was ju-t cause to Impeach •’Andrew Johnson. He intimated that Mr. Blame bad col entertained his present views against Impeachment nnti) after the election of tho pres ent presiding officer oflbo Senate, and referred to a remark of Mr. Blaine that be pr ferrod that the present Executive remain In office rather than havethc shilly-shally ways of the Senator of Ohio (Wade). Introduced into the position Mr. BIAINE dented having made tho ihesUtgt menl, though he admitted having expressed tT preference lor Mr. Fessenden Incase of the re moval of tbe President, and Intimated that It was not exactly proper for Mr. Stevens to retail private conversation. Mr. ELURIDGE expressed an anxiety for ad journment. He uiderstood the gentleman wished Congress to remain in session to Impeach tho President because he made appointment on political grounds, while the Senate rejected thorn on tbe same ground. < , A discussion arose which at ono moment threatened toj be unpleasant between Messrs. ELD RIDGE and GARFiELD, on the latter’s statement that he obtained bis Information in re gard to tbe President's anxiety for adjournment from the gentlemen on tho P >mociahc side. This Idea Mr. Garfield subsequently explained to mean simply that be bo ame aware of that feeling Joat as he was aware from light that it was dy. Mr. BOUTWELL expressed a wish that Mr. Blaine would withdraw his resolution till Tuesday or Wednesday. . . Mr. WILSON, of lowa, favored adjournment that the Judiciary Committee might nave more time to Investigate the matter more tnorougnly. After farther debate. Mr. KKNJAMIN moved to table the resolution. Negatived—B3 against 78. The previous question was then seconded, and the House, without disposing of the subject, ad journed. THE STATE LEGISLATURE* ♦WISCONSIN. (Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.] Madisok, Wis., March 23. SENATE. In the Senate a long communication was read from Mr, L. Beheren, urging the passage of laws to prohibit the consolidation of the Milwaukee & Prairie du Cbler, the Milwaukee & St. Paul, and the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad com panies. The Senate bill prescribing the manner of ex pending the money on deposit with the State Treasurer for finishing the Fox and Wisconsin River Improvement, and the limiting lime of the completion of the same, was passed. AS>£MDLV. In the Assembly a resolution was adopted, in viting Henry Vincent, a liberal Englishman, to lecture in the Assembly Chamber. Amorglbo bills Introduced, was a bill relating to the sale and conveyance of lands of minors: also concerning the education of the deaf and dnmb, nod relating to the sale of intoxicating drioks to Indians; also relating to the preserva tion of brook iron*. SENATE—22nd. In the Senate last evening a bill was Introduced appropriating for the SL Alary Asylum, at Wau kesha, 1500; to amend the law relating to town offices; to authorize County Supervisors to lay out, alter and discontinue highways in certain cases, wbicfapassecL A report was submitted showing that there Is due the Stole from counties only thirty-six thou sand dollars. ' Among the Senate bills passed, was a call fixing the term of office of county Judges at four years, and providing for their election throughout the Slate at the same time. About 160 Assembly bills were considered, re ferred to commmlltecs, Ac. AaSEMBLY—22d. In the Assembly bills were introdneed amend ing section 1, chapter 213, laws of 1860, relating to (be Government Hospital for the InsanS; also, amending chapter 188, of tho Revised Statutes, concerning the education of the blind: also, amenjthig the law providing a home for soldiers' orphans; to incorporate the Natural History As sociation of Wisconsin. It is now preuy generally conceded that tho Legislature will adjourn on the eighth aay of April, and not before. Senate bill twenty seven is In some jeopardy In the Assembly. The Railroad Committee (hero Is in a terrible dilemma, and don't know whether to report fqr or against the bill. Tho lobby can not tell whether they are afoot or on horseback. MICHIGAN. [Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.] Lansing, March S 3. Among tail road and wagon road bills vetoed this morning was one. general In Us application, authorizing local aid to plank and gravel roads, which passed both Houses by a constitutional ma jority over the veto. Tte Senate passed the House resolution favor ing the admission of females to tho University. Bills passed to provide for the Incorporation of Masonic lodges; to authorize Judges of Probate to appoint clerks; to regulate telegraph compa nies aid their agents; to authorize a ferry across the Menominee River; (p provide for voting pre dicts iu townships; a bul to regulate the business ol Insurance. The House passed tbc bill to amend the charter of the city of Jackson: to authorize the taxation eftbe stocks ol National Banks, with amend ments, which were not concurred in by the Sen ate. BELA iVAKE. Wilmington, March 23.—The Delaware Legis lature adjourned last evening. Among the Im ponact legislation has been tbc passage of a bill to equalize punishment, regardless of color, the rejection of the Constitutional Amendment, and the pagsageof an amendatory school law. „ There is a strong feeling among the Republi cans ol this State In favor of Impartial suffrage, and a movement, is abont being inaugurated in favor of it. ’ The Commercial , of this city, contains an edito rial article etroncly arcing the gift of the ballot to the colored citizens of Delaware. FROM ST. LOUIS. interest on the State Debt— Salt Against Hie Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad— Tire fflissltslppt Bridge Project, [Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.] St Louts, March 23. Ibo State Sinking Fund Commissioners are about tranelcrrlog $600,000 to the Bank of Com mctcc. New York, to commence immediately tbc payment of interest due in July. The Attorney General is abont commencing proceedings against Ihe Hannibal & 9L Joseph Railroad to enforce the payment of installments overdne since 1659. The amount claimed is dvor $600,000. * The Mississippi bridge at this point, under the anspiccs of St Louis parties, promises to be built. Tbc stockholders organized last night, and elected Charles K. Dickson President, and Jams? B. Cads Chief Engineer. Captain Cads returned a day or two ago from the East, where-bo went to make ar rangements for securing funds to do toe work with. He was completely succc-sful in his nego tiations, having interested Eastern capitalists, and several powerful ral.rosa companies in the enter prise. and effected such arrangements with them as guarantees the money needed. Among the capitalists Is Colonel Thomas A, bcott, of Phila delphia. The subscriptions required by tbc charter fer the organization of the company have been made here In St. I.onis, and by 91. Louis men, and Ibe Barleys for tho ptrnclorc have com menced. The bridge has been finally located at Washington avenue on ibis side, and the dike on tbc opposite shore. It will be a trass bridge, built of irofond stone, and made as strong as these materials can make it. FHOM CINCINNATI. Declines to Ran for tho mayoralty— Crushed to Death—Omnibus Thrown from an Embankment. Cxhcimtati. March 23—At a meeting of the Democratic Executive Committee last eight, a letter was read from Samuel N. Pike, declining the nomination as candidate for Mayor. No ac tion has as ytt been taken In the matter. CmcifiKATt. March 23.—A building sub-con tractor, named John C. Height, was crushed to death yesterday on Third street, by (he sudden canoe In of a cellar, the digging of which he no superatendlng. A bill ou brexi Introduced In tVe Ohio Leglsll tnre to nguia-e the “todal. evil.” Part of the scheme it. to establish a Honse of -tt-fuge, where all prostitutes order eighteen years of age are to b<> sent. It aLo provides for a Board or Health, which shall be empowered lo ester all homes of ilMjm>eanoiDik«rc»*niDer*ilOD. Tr. J, 8. Mcnzles, sit amy surgeon dado* the war, will probably be. appointed Postmaster here. *•( » ■: CurcunrATi, March 23.—'Ibe Newport and Alex andria (Kentucky) omnibus was thrown over ao < mbankment about *cven miles (rum Newport, yesterda) one pas.-engcr and se riously injuring four or five ot«m. FROM NMV YORK, Grand Banquet Given by Gcoree'Pca* body— Penlnna—-* Severe Gale The Winter Garden Theatre Destroyed by Fire— Steamer Harriet Lane. New Yoke, March 23.—The Peabody banquet at Fifth Avenue Hotel, last night, to General and Mrs. Grant, and the trustees ot the boatbem Edocatioi al Fund, wa* a grand afftlr. Mr. Pea body occupied the centre of the north table, with Admiral Earragut on his left, and Mrs. Grant on bis right. General Grant, Mrs. Farragos and Robert C. Wratbrop were the rls-a-rlsofMr. Pea body,-Admiral Furragut and Mr*. Genera! Grant. .Among the cuce>s were Governor Aiken, of South Carolina, Governor Graham, of North Carolina, General Anderson, Governor Clifford, Bishop Me- Xlvaine. Robert C. Winlhrop. Governor Fisb, Ur. Actor, A. T. Stewart, Mr. Bancroft, and the wives of a number ut these, besides other ladies, were Mr. Peabody made a abort speech, and gave, “Our Country, our whole country—lra Chief Mag istrate—lts Congress—its Army am Nary, and the Commanders ot: them both,who ore who ns here 'his evening.” He was rmerruptert here ,by applause,- andby-tho band playing National airs, whereafter.tfcelr conclusion, be added: “The country m which I have long lived aud prospered, end its honored aud beloved Queen.” ’ Speeches were made by Robert C. Winthrop, Gtorge Bancroft and others. Resolutions were adopted expressive or gratitude to Mr. Peabody for nls princely donation. . TLo Roberts Senate of- the. Feoian Brotherhood disposed of the proposition for a union with the Gleason branch yesterday. Tney are willing to unite and send supplies lo Ireland, If a revolution is actually m progress m that country, but the movement against Canada -uill not be relin quished. . The storm on Thursday was the severest known herein five years. There were no signs, at an early hour this rooming, of its abating. The steamship Australian was unable t > come in yes terday, and tbe Ocean Queen and Mcrrimac were unable to go out. The Winter Garden Theatre was stroyed by fire this morning. All the properties of tbc tteati c, including themsgnificeot wardrobe of Edwin Booth, were consumed. The Southern Hotel adjoining was badly damaged. Loss about $300,000. New Youk, March 23.—8 y the Winter Gaidea fire Edwin Booth loses bis entire wardrobe, val ued at from $60,000 to f KW.OnO. It includes many family Jewels, some of which belonged to his father. He Is not insured.* Tbe loss on the theatre effects is abont s6o,' 0(1; not Insured. The damage tolhclSoutbernllotells $15,000. Toe building is owned by the heirs of Lafarge, and valued at $6(0.000. Covered by Insurance. Its proprietors arc Bruce and Martin. -Several stores on the street-floor wore dam aged by water. - The New York Court of Appeals is holding a session at the Metropolitan Hotel in this city for tbe tral of a number of important ca*cs. : The extent of the failure ot Robln«on & Ogden is exaggerated. The amount of liabilities was seated at $2,000,000. Tbe firm has not been dealers in Government stocks to any extent for more tban a year. The loss is reported as aris ing from speculative transactions in stocks and gold in the street. It Is believed that the losses will not exceed $25,000. , The steamer Harriet Inne. having been released by tbe Spanish Government, left Havana on the 3"th, in charge of Captain Fauncer, her old com mander. She stopped al Charleston on the 29th fur the purpose or coaling, and may bo expected at this port abont Tuesday next. I The Fenian Senate contained in session the greater part of to-day, and will probably not ad journ before Tuesday. Nothing positive trans pired regarding the deliberations, hot It is well understood that preparations lor the coming Cana dian campaign occupied the principal part or at tention. As yet nothing has come of the negotia tions looking to the consolidation of the two sec tions of the organization. FROM MORRIS, ILL. Shoe Store Bobbed. (Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.] Mobuzs, 111. March 23. The boot and shoe store of A. B. Tuttle was entered last night, and about five hundred dollars’ worth of fine French calf hoots stolen. Tho thief entered from the back alley, through a coal-house, and,cutting a bole In tbe back door of the store, unfastened the door. In his exit bo dropped three uncut skins in tho alley. FROM MADISON. Location of tbe Oshkosh and missis. slppl Railroad—Tbe Railroad Tariff • Question. (Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.] Madisok, Wisconsin, March 23. At a meeting of the Directors of the Oshkosh and Mississippi Railroad here to-day, it was're solved to locate the road bom Oshkosh to Rlpon, near tbe line of the Winnebago Railroad. Con siderable Interest was manifested, ami It is hoped that tho work will be commenced at an early contest between tho friends and opponents of consolidation and a uniform tariff on railroads waxes warm. It has been raining slightly most of the day, changing to snow this evening. RAILROAD 'DISASTER. Collision on tlio Canada Great Western Railroad—One Rian Billed, and Otn> era Injured—Destruction of Boscage and Express Matter. Woodstock, C. W., March 22.—Tho night ex press train, going west, ran into a frcignt tram rear Woodstock, this morning. Mr. Rogers, mail agmt, was ktiled; Mr. Farrell, the conductor, seriously scalded, and Mr. Gillmac, express mes senger. slightly hurt. TLe express and bag gage cars took flro and everything Inside was burned, 'the express safe Is supposed to contain sixty thousand dollars. FROM LOUISTILLE. Inauguration oftlie Clay Statue—Con gressional Nomination*. Louisville, Match 23. — Tte Clay statue wID be inaugurated in the Court House on the 12th of April. Robert C. Winthrop, of Massachusetts, delivers the address. Millard Fillmoro and A. H. Stephens arc expected to be present. Inc Congress nominations eo far as made, stand as follows; Diet. Republicans, Copperheads. 1 G. G.Sytncs. *L. §.Trimble. V William A, Bullott, Asa P. Grover. V 11.... William Blown. Jamesß. Beck. VIII Milton L. Rice. G. M. Adams. IX ‘Samuel McKee.- John D. Young, •Members of the lastcongress. ! A Suspected murderer Admitted to Ball. [Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune*] Sr. Paul, March 23. Hawkca was admitted to bail to-day in the sum of 13,000, seven prominent citizens going oa his bond. Forgery and Counterfeiting. • Boston, March 23.—'Wm. U. Lane, formerly do ing business as broker on state street, is under ar rest for obtaining $2,500 from Jo-tab Gooding, on a lorgcd draft purporting to be signed by a. Q. Waid,ofNcwYork, for £7to sterling. Gooding too the draft as collateral. A young man named Wm. U. Ball, was arrested yesterday for attempting to pass a five dollar bill on the Peoples 1 Bank, of Jackson. Michigan, Suffrage for Colored Citizen* In Augus ta, Georgia. Augusta, Georgia, March S3.—At a meeting to night tonomlnate a candidate for the Mayoralty, a resolution was adopted that colored citizens bo allowed to register their names and vote at the election in April. THE HEATH OP DB, limGS TONE. Official Account from tho American Consul at Zanzibar. Washington, March 21. The following official account of the death of Dr. Livingstone has been received by the State Department; Consulate or ins United States 1 or AmmroA, k Island or Zanzibar, March 9,1867. ) Sib: It becomes my painful duty to report the death ol Dc- David Livingstone, the celebrated Amcan expHoter, who. as 1 wrote under date of May 0, lECo (Despatch No. 4), left here on the Oth of M arch last lor the exploration nf the River Ko vuma, and the region between tbe-great lakes of Central Africa, of which, as yet, but little is known. The sad intelligence was received hero on the 6th Inst., by the arrival of several mem bers of the expedition, from whom but little of importance conid be elicited, cavo the fact of Dr. Livingstone's death. I am indebted to Dr. Kirk, E. B. M. Vice-Consul, and formerly a member of the Livingstone Zamoesi expedition, for the con lowing particulars ot this sad event; and os bts accompanying remarks may prove interesting, I cannot do better than to give them In his own words : 4 ‘ The return of several of the Johanna men who accompanied Dr. L.. has made It cerium that that distinguished traveller has fallen, and, with aim, half ol bis native followeis. • • • • UU present exped Uon may be briefly slated to bare been an attempt to nolle the magnificent discov eries of iate years, and determine the limits and connections of Ibe three great lakes, which reach born 14th deg. south to 2 deg. north latitude, and flowing to the sea iiy the Zambesi and Nile ar the two extremilio?, but with an In termeoiate space as vet unknown. Such was the geographical problem. But Dr. L. had in view to affect the present enormous Cast African slave trade, though pioneering the way which, micht lead to lawful commerce. To have consolidated in one the successive discoveries. achieved by himself on the ‘Nyas a, 1 Barton on the * Sanganylka,' Spoke and Grant on the ‘ Vic toria. 1 and Bader on the: ‘Albert Nyanaa, 1 would have been a fitting triumph for one who was the hist to cross the African Continent within the trop ical zone; but these hopes have been wrecked by his untimely death. * * • * We lart heard of Dr. L. at ‘N’doudc, 1 at the confluence ot the Noruma and Nlende. Here he met with kindness, but found the land desolated by the s»ave traders supplying the market of Zanzibar. We have information that bepiocccdedturthcrtoMataka,a Mlaochicfiwho gave presents of cattle and food. At this point ibe Indian Sepoys remained behind, and haVe since relumed to Ztmzlbar. From Mataka to Alake wa-* eight days' march. On crossing a wide water in Canves they followed tuo border of the lake for several days, and then struck Inland. They were suddenly attacked in a bushy country, about 9a. m., by a band of Muvlte. Dr. L. killed the most for* ard of the attacking party, but was surrounded and cut down by one Mow of a ballle-asc, which cat half through bis neck. Beyond this we have co details, for those who returned were the ’fiisttollec. Almost all who stood near Dr. L. were killed, although they aeem;to have done con siderable with their rifles. This happened about six weeks ago, orahont October 25. Yonnow see bow very meagre our information Is. Even with a personal knowledge ol the lakes of the sur lonndlcg country, at least a short distance from tec scene of this sad affair, and d knowledge of ibat very tribe of Zat c es, called Mavite, Agile, Maozlles, &c.. U has been quite Impossible f >rme as yet to elicit anything from the impenetrable simplicity of the lew who have relumed, as to where this tragedy took place. That it was to the west of the Nyassa is certain; and whether, in the district we haa already explored, or further to the north, is stilt uncer tain. i bat Dr. L. was killed by tue samcMante, as be ana 1 were among, together. 1* certain. They would have attacked us then, if they dared, but we were too strong for them. With such ene mies, it comes to be a question of number-, as well as equipment. The death of a few will not break their charge; and a email party taken una wares, has no cbaace. Only one of ire survivors saw Dr. L fall, but they burled his bodyat 3. p.m. when the Mavile had gone. They took off all the baggage, and also the upper clothing of the dead body, so that not even a note remains by which to trace the route. 11 * It Is hardly probable that any furtherparticnlars will ever bo obtained in regarn to Dr. Living store's death, as-ihe Mavile area wandering peo ple, and It will Be quite impossible to ascertain ihe panicnlar tribe by whom Dr. L.'a party were attacked, i have‘the honor to be, bir, very re spectfully your obedient servant, Edward D. Hopes, D. 8. Consul. Hen. W. 11. Seward, Secretary of Slate. Death or ax Enrron,—J. E. Wheeler, Esq. who was lor two years, from IM9 lo ISSO, odltorl rlally connected with tho Tmßtnti la the third and fourth years of Us existence, died on Thnrs jAtr last, atKowaneo. UL, of consumption. Mr. Wheeler was at toe omo of his death editor of the Kewanee Dial. PBOBEBITOET LIQUOR LAWS. ~li util iiiryTrl —~ Ocforctho llaiwclla- •eiu Lmlilaiure. Abctti‘.twelve years ago the State; of Massachusetts adopted a prohibitory liquor law, but "haying aever been able t*> enforce u,,BD agitation was started last winter for a new and,more Btring°nt enactment. Acorn* nilttce of the Legislature took the matter iu bard, and are now making a very thorough . Investigation of the subject, the bulk ol Ibo testimony being adverse to the law. We coty the following from the Boston Advertiser of the Dili instant: The hearings on the question of a license law were continued yesterday forenoon and evening In the Representatives’ Hall. Rev. Dr. Peabody, of Harvard College, was the first witness at the forenoon session of the committee. He stated that one time ho bad been in favor of prohibitory legislation, but that he now believed It had done little good and much barm; it had caused peijury, hy pocrisy, and a general adulteration of liquors. He thought the law had been almost with*' out effect in reducing the sale of liquors in, Cambridge. He said that in Portsmouth, New Hampshire; where-he ■ha'd resided, ‘ the prohibitory law had entirely dissappolnt ed the expectations of its friends; also that the license law in that State had not restrain ed the sale of liquor. The witness said he expected but little good from' legislation, and relied more upon moral influence—par ticularly that of parents and teachers of the young. He considered distilled, .liquors worse than useless, and would have them banished from tho country; i£ however, lights pure European wines could be intro* duccu, it would be beneficial to the cause of temperance. The legislation wblchhe would deem most equitable would be that'which Imposed tho whole cost resulting from pau perism and crime, caused by" intemperance, on the liquor sellers.- Rev. Mr. Jones, of Pelham, testified that he was strongly in favor of the Maine law at the time of Us enactment, and had reluctant ly given up his ideas In its favor when be was obliged to admit that it had not ftil filled the expectations of Its friends. The witness sustained the evidence that the law hud driven the traffic into secret places. He said the people In. Pelham had little to do with the town agency, on account of the un fitness tormedicmal purposes of the liquor there kept. He stated that the majority of Methodist clergymen were In favor of a pro hibitory law. Hon. D. Waldo Lincoln, of Worcester, tes tified that he hod been Mayor of that city for two years, and also an Alderman. He said that the most energetic efforts had been made in that place to enlorce the prohibitory law, but that intemperance had not decreas ed. The*witness expressed himself in favor of engrafting a license law on the present law. _ . Rev. Dr. Ido, of Springfield, testified that ho had redded in that city fifteen years. He stated that be had lived in Philadelphia pre vious to his residence in .the former place, ana that under the license system there in temperance was less ' prevalent than: In Springfield when he came to the latter. ■ In Philadelphia, temperance people accom plished much by moral means. In Spring field. the people seemed more intent on en forcing law than using moral influences. Since nis arrival in Springfield, the witness said he thought intemperance and the sale of liquor has increased, especially among young men who had grown up under the prevalence of the prohibitory law. Every effort had been made to enforce the present law, but little effect had been made. Rev. Dr. Bacon, of New Haven, Connecti cut, professor of didactic philosophy In Yale College, testified concerning the operations of the prohibitory law in New Haven. He said that when it was first put into effect a gratifying decrease in crime and pauperism resulted, thongh for but a short time. At -the present time there was more intemper ance m the dace than ever before, and the icterest of temperance men In the cause seemed to have been diminished. Concern ing the basis of legislation on the subject, Dr. Bacon tboaght it should he the suppres sion to the utmost possible extent of the or dinary use of stimulating drinks for purposes of conviviality and excitement. He tboaght a wise legislation would not meddle with the details of domestic life. Concerning the picsent law Dr. Bacon said he believed It tended to popular demoralization. He did not think the evil of drinking could he en tirely suppressed, and he deemed the bet ter course in such cases to he regulation. Hou. J. C. Blalsdell, of Fall River, testified that he was Mayor of that city in the years ISSB and 1859. He considered the very ef fort to enforce the prohibitory law as demor alizing In Us effects, on account of the sym pathy which was felt for parties complained of for keeping liquor nuisances, causing good men to perjure themselves; also, on account of the extraordinary means which were necessary to enforce the law, instead of leaving its operation to the judgment and conscience of the people. Concerning the work of the State constabulary, the witness said that In Canal street in Fall River, where there were two places fur the sale of liquor when the State con stabulary arrived, there were seven at pre sent, although the constables bad reported that there were no places at all. The places In existence were not open, bnt were easily accessible to any initiated persons. Mr.Blals dell said that there was a division between temperance men on account of the prohibit ory law, as those who do not approve the law werecon-ideredrummic'sby those who sustained it. On xross-examluation the'wit ness said that when he was Mayor all open places had been prosecuted, but intemper ance bad not been restricted; it had in creased. Ho thought a license law would be supported in the State. judge Lapham, of Fall River, stated that he had been Justice of the Police Court in that city for fourteen years. He testified that the efforts which bad been made to en force tbc law had seemed to effect a wide clandestine dissemination of liquors in small quantities; Intemperance did not seem to cccrcasc. He said he thought the effects of the terrible stuff which was now sold were worse than those formerly following the us® of liquors. He did not or not a new system would be sustained, but he knew that the present law had failed after an earnest effort tocnforce it. He said tbc State Constables did net prosecute liquor cases In his Court; he had refused them that liberty, as the statutes did not permit It. Judge Page, of the Pittsfield Police Court, testified substantially .in corroboration of previous eviceuce of the Inefficiency of the prohibitory law', Its tendency to cause per jury and an increase ofintempenmee. Chase Pbilhrick, City Marshal of Lawrence, stated that in the year 1861 there were 397 cases of diunkenness in that city; in 18G5 there were 517, and in 1800, 081. Ho also testified to an increase of the number of places where liquor was sold. Mayor Mescrvey, of Salem, read from his address to the City Connell of that city, stating that intcmpcrai.ce bad not diminished. The whole number of ar rests by the police during the year ending December 21, 1860, was stated to be 1.040; the whole number of prosecutions was DOS,of which 604 were for drunkenness. Of the number of persons prosecuted for drunken ness only five disclosed the places where they bought their liquor. Mayor Meservey said that ho believed that an evil which could not he snppre.-scd should be regulated. Mr. Henry A. marsh, of Amherst, testified that much difficulty was encountered in obtaining convictions in liquor cases, and that liquor could be easily nrocored inAmhest. Mr. Marsh-said he bad made abstracts of the amount df liquor , sold annually at the agencies of various ‘towns in the State, and had found that in some places the amount to each family had been three and a half gal lons. The kinds of liquor mostly sold were Medford rnm, whiskey and Holland gin.. Minot Ttrrell, Jr., a practicing lawyer, of Lynn, stated that in that in that town there were six drinking clubs located within twenty rods of one of the public squares. He testified to various evil effects of these clnbs. Captain Hoyt, of Deerfield, testified that liqnor was procured plentifully in that place, and that the efforts of the State constables had only driven the traffic a little further ont of reach. Ho de clared himself In favor of a license law, and that the present law had not reached the coses in his town ; it had proved no substan tial protection to the temperate people. He said ne would license first-class hotels, as keepers of these places in the country could scarcely make a living under the present system. After some questioning by Mr. Spooner concerning the drinking habits of people at the present time compared with those twenty years ago—no facts being elic ited—the witness was dismissed, and the committee adjourned until 7 o’oclock p. m. At the evening sesa'o:-. the first witness called was Dr. Edward H. Clark, professor of materia medka in Harvard College, who tes tified concerning tbc effects of alcohol upon the human system. He said that alcohol was often prescribed by physicians, bnt its effects varied with the different kinds of liquids containing the alcohol, the individual taking it, and the condition of the individual when it was taken. In regard to the dietetic use of alcohol, the witness testified that some individuals who were In what was thought fair health needed some' agent to aid alimentation—alcohol being such an agent. In reply to interrogations by Rev. Dr.'Miner, Dr. Clarke said that the question of the transformation of alcohol in the hnman body and Its assimilation with the system was unsettled. He said that after having told an individual the principle on which alcohol should be taken, be should leave the taking to the individual’s discretion. He consider ed both occasional Inebriety and regular dram drinking injurious, hot did not say which practice be deemed the worse in effect. So far as he conid observe, the witness said he looked upon the drinking usages of socie ty as a matter to he regulated ■’by the will of individuals, and not governed In any ocher way undoubtedly, however, those usages did not conduce to good health. Dr. James C. White, Professor of Chem istry in Harvard College, testified conccrn- Irg the question of the assimilation : of alcohol with the hnman system, bolding that the conclusions that a'cohol did not assimilate with the hnman system, which had been drawn by certain French chemists from experiments In- the matter, were not well fomfded. He said thatundersoiue'Bircumstances “the results of alcohol in the system wertf precisely the same as those of food, hot the true food was better for individuals in health.” Ho said it had been stated by Arctic explorers ibat men wbo did not use aicohol could with stand cold better than those who did; he knew nothing In science incompatible with that statement. . . A , . Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes testified that alcohol, as a dietetic,wasbtlmulatlve. He re marked that it was not used In the hnman economy, excepting for certain purposes in museums. Dr. J. B. S. Jackson, Professor of Morbid Anatomy, testified that la certain cases of long diseases alcohol was used med ically. Professor Horsford, of Cambridge, testified that he considered alcohol os food, because it preserved the tissues of the body, and thus virtuallv supplied tissue, a« animal food would do. He did not think alcohol In Entity was poisonous. In reply to questions y Rev. Dr. Miner, the witness said that alcohol might be used too freely, id conse quence of which tissue might be-preserved Id too great a measure, and needful disinte gration be prevented. Dr. Henry J. Bigelow, of Boston, stated, as the result of observation In wine growing counlrics In Europe, that he did not thins the effect of the wine freely used in those countries injurious; he thought the wine acted as food. Tbc witness said that if alcdhol was taken as a stimulant he should not expect to find disease resulting from such use, bnt if taken to excess it would act as a narcotic and produce disease. In reply to ft question by the chairman of the com* mittee. Dr. Bigelowftfttd that ftft ft rule phy sicians didnot from wine. To Hot. Dr. Miner the witness said thftt a great many of bis medical Mends smoke tobacco. He thought that in cases where an individual exert himaeif,. being already in an exhausted condition, stimulus was useful, and do the whole beneficial. In regard to the drinking practices of society he said he did not think they were to be deplored. To the chairman. Dr. Bigelow said he should not go to the State agency for good wines or llonon*. Dr. Cherles T. Jackson stated that alcohol was respiratory food—it took the place of so much fat In tho body in the process of respi-. ration. He detailed the properties of differ*. ent liquors , and' their beneficial effects on various parts of the body. Concerning the matter of the as-imllatlou of alcohol with the body, Dr. Jackson said that the general opinion of scientific men was that it did assi milate ; he said that the breath of a drinking “man could not be smelled without -detecting acetic acid, the presence of which demonstrated that trans . formation In the alcohoL must have taken ?' lace: "In regard to the State liquor agency, be witness said be had been toldthat parties baa sent to New York for liquor rather than to obtain it at the State agency. The phy. slclans of Boston had nothing to do with the State agent, as they did not obtain their liquor of him, and knew nothing about it. l)r. Clarke was recalled and stated that his testimony and that of Drs. White and Jack son concerning assimilation of alcohol, were entirely reconcilable. The testimony of petitioners was here and the committee announced that the remrnstrants would open their case on Tuesday forenoon. THE LAKE TUHHEk A Voyage Through It. A Tour of Inspection—lts Inci- dents and Results. A Reporter’s Experience—Up and Down—bub-Lacustrino Misery— Novel Flatboatlng—W adlng and Climbing. Narrow Escape from Death, Our readers hive heard of asomcthlngcallcd the Lake Tunnel; of visits to the same; of aldermn Ic excursions through.the great bore; of scientific exploring parlies; pleasure parties; sensation parties; of formal vlnts of committees to examine the state of the bricks; of cere monies at the laying -of the first brick:of rejoicings at the laying of the last brick; alt of which have been duly recorded—the speeches that were made, the wine that was not a rank, the songs that were sung, tao sensations thatwere experienced, and even the jokes that were perpetrated. One more chapter baa to be added, perhaps the most interesting, and certainly the moat “ sensational’ ‘of all—tbe ctoamg chap ter ol this portion of the Tunnel’s eventful open ing history. The next volume will be rather W Those who have already made tho Journey In comfortable trucks, pioneered by comfortable mules, and provided with comfortable baskets and bottles, wilt scarcely appreciate the novelty and excitement ofa voyage made through the dis mal cavern m a flat-bottomed boat, and after the introduction of Lake Michigan. Let ns distin guish, as we say. The journey was comparative ly easy, smooth and dry; the voyage was rather perilous, and. If anything, damp; damp, not In on aJdermantc scoter hot damp externally and aearchlngly. Such a voyage never having been made before, and never to be made again, the historians may be permitted, with all modesty, to characterize the adventure as unparalleled, and tho four adventurers are only too happy to-day to have the privilege of recording their experience. Instead of furnishing material for small obitua ries. ... The flood gates at tbe crib were opened about a week ago and the water admitted for tbe purpose ofmakmga preparatory experiment to lest the thorough effldeccy of the walls. On Priday a portion ol the water was pumped out, leaving the tunnel over half full, when Mr. Chesbronßb,-de siring to make a final examination of the work, conceived tbe idea of a boating excursion —a delightful idea. He Invited turee members of tbe press to Join him m this excursion, and antic ipating perhaps a somewhat arduous trip, be con siderately torewarned them to leave their new spring hats at home. The tag boat “George B. McClellan" waited to receive the little party at State street bridge, ana at four o’clock precisely (he party found themselves steaming towards the month of the river. lUVIUUUI Tire 70TAOB OUT - was a pleasant one. Lovely weather, bradng breezes, shoals of ice around ns, clear bine over head, before ns the white horizoa rimmed with rolling clouds, behind the glory of the saaset, the woedrous city, with Us hundred spites and tow ering elevators, and njrht ahead the object of the voyage, tbe > t'rib. mddvwlth the evening rays. At the mourn of tbe river a few boys were amus ing themselves with a very primitive looting ncip, which seemed so exactly salted - to the purpose that tbe Captain of the tug bore down upon It, dispersed the owners, and uncere moniously carried it oil in triumph. It proved, ho« ever, to be too wide (or the tunnel, ana might as well have been led behind. attheciuh the party were received courteously by Captain Berg, who wore upon his beaming countenance, ominous grin, which was anything bat encouraging under tbe circumstances.' It clearly meant that we were land-lubbers, and the propped of a pleasant catastrophe t) the adven mrers appearedtoomnse, n )t only him* bnt all the bands on tbe crib. Ihey took our dimen sions, Inquired if onr lives were Insured, and kindly volunteered to convey our last messages to the girls wo left bebmd—ait of which pleasantries were received in good part, while it was under stood that they were preparing to lower us gently down the shaft in the old way. Having been in tbc Tunnel on former occasions, there was nothing appalling mihe prospector another descent. We old not calculate on tbe fact that the hoist was so longer in operation. This was rath er a aiartllng discovery, and presented the matter In quite a new light. Captain Berg with diabol ical compoanre, conducted ns to the mouth or the J awning abyss, and pointed out tbc only method y which the bottom could be reached—a perpen dicular ladder down the side of the cylinder. . To recoil from such a step wasuot unnatural. To re treat would have been unmanly. To regard the proposal as a Joke was a poor subterfuge.- There was tbc ladder—no Joke, but a wet, slimy, horri ble reality. “First,” quoth the Captain, needles* of the wan looks of the party “yon go down: the fiist ladder so far. Then yon get over to another ladder, and take care yon don't miss the steps. Then yon go straigh t down.” An echo from tbc abyss seemed to answer “straight down.” Anoibcr alternative was offered, to descend one by one by means of a rope which danglcd'over the month of the shaft, suggestive or unpleasant scenes, and this being the safest mode of convey ance ibe proposal was unanimously adopted. At this moment Mr. Chesbrough appeared ready equipped for tbe voyage. In tbe gotse of an an cient mariner, a broad brimed sou’wester on’ bis bead, a rubber coat open bis back, and his cctcer limbs protected by a pair of high boo's, ibe oth er members of the party inwardly commended themselves to the care of the saints, and prepared to follow their leader. Each locked to sun and sky and plain As what he ne’er might sea a cam. Re-assured m some measure by the calmness of onr chief, Mr. Chcsbroogh, who very soon dis apeared Is tbc depths by means of the ladder, wc resigned oarselves to late and, to the rope. THE SESCEKT .mb -in. BYABtlv uliat Pflnt«ln irnnlil harrt was not exactly what Captain Berg wonld have called a “ straight down” process, yet it was pre ferable to tbe ladder. A noose was formed at the end of the rope which afforded a tolerably secure seat, thongh To see an individual who had com mitted no crime, hanging In that deplorable posi tion over such a gloomy abyss, was rattier haml- Haling. The Art t sensation was decidedly strik ing,—a series of rapid whirlings which pro duced a temporary giddiness, followed by an unexpected blow on the bead from some projection. From below came a hostile growl, a dashing and dripping of water, while around on every side was a lively sense of cold, wet iron.* Once below the flood gates where the water was hissing and sputtering as if eager to siush upon the victim, the sense of wetness gradually increased, and when deposited at tbe bottom of the shaft a plnngo into the “snmph” could have added nothing to onr condition. Four times the rope was lowered, and tbe party at last found themselves at the be ginning of their vfgage, standing nndera pelting shower bath, whfds In a few minutes bad nearly hall filled with water the Iran bark to which we confided onr fortunes, A, TLAT-BOTtOXED BOAT. It was the very worst boat that conid possibly have bees selected for such a purpose, and the voyagers very soon had occasion to deplore the necessity ot employing it. Tbc slightest move meat had the effect or Upping it over, and the result was that when we started, each one hsv- Isg to sit in the bottom, we were comfortably immersed half way no In water. There was an unanimous protest uttered against the boat, bnt tbat proved of little avail, so, steadying ourselves as well a* possible, and each bolding a miner’s lamp in bis band, we left tbe shaft and shot swiftly Into _ • THE TUBX EL, The only means of propelling (he vessel way by pushing against the walls, and this was a very un steady process, franebt with dancer to the ooat and her little crew. The water at lbs crib end was exactly half way np the aides of the bore, gradu ally deepening, of coarse, a»*we approached the shore. For a lime it wlv comparatively plain sailing, ard by the aid of the lamps we were ena bled to examine minutely the condition of the ce ment, which was tbc principal object of the voy age. Not a flaw conid be discovered, with tbe ex ception of a space here and there be tween tbe bricks, where an iron spike bad been introduced to hold the ventilators. The top of the arch* seemed to be perfectly dry, save a the placts where the water, not trom the lake, but from springs In the vicinity of the tunnel, oozes through the walls. Tbe water was beautifully clear, as clear as crystal, and sweet to the taste. We were not long permuted, however, to enjoy the contemplation of the snrronnding scenery, limited as the view was. The bricks were soon exhausted, every brick being so much like Its neighbor as to become somewhat monotonous. - Tne lamps, too, began to fiicser one Like the foolish virgins, we bgd omitted to trim them properly, andsow we were lelt in a state of obscurity which waa Almost as bewilder ing as total darkness. One conid have imagined be was crossing the unknown river with “ that grim ferryman whom poem write of,” onr Charon being Hr. Cbesbrongb, who looked like some grim phantom pawing the air as It seemed, and maaeilngsomemyelertons incanta tion. TheaGencebecame oppressive; the dis tant growling from the end ol thes cavern were magnified into the noise of a cataract, and onr hearts stood still as we thongfat how by some nn lorsecn accident tbe flood-gates might oe opened. To perish like rata In a hole, to be distributed in the coarse of time through tbe water pipes of Chicago, and be bolted In kettles —we were not pi epared for tnch a sacrifice. Then again we re membered how Dr. Gnilloiin was aousg the first who perished by the Instrument of death which be Invented, how tneman wbo Invented the new drop was the very first who was haneed upon it, and otmr similar instances. How if destiny had also „ decreed that Hr. Cbeshronch was to be drowned in his own tunnel f To chase away these fears, wc sang "the Star Spangled lianner, and listened to tbe ncandfnl ecno of onr own sweet voices from the nearest chamber. In this way we reached the closing stone, a white marble tablet, placed there by the Hajor’s own bonds. We paused to scrutinize this closing stone, and here an unlucky incident occurred, to which may ne attributed the disaster which waa soon to lollow. One of the crew, inspired by a frantic wish to “ write nis name in water,” leaned over the edgo of tbe flat bottomed boat, which look In a little more than It conid conveniently carry. Then In the process of hailing the crew got un settled In their positions and neverqnite regained an cqniilbrinm. We succeeded, howevcr,m push ing our way atconsiderable risk on to a point be yond tbe filth chamber or nearly a mile and a half trom the cilb. WEDDED Et. Our heads bad been gradually approaching the top of the tunnel as we panned oar oarkeome journey to tbc shore. From sitting postarea each member of the parly bad slowly subsided into re* clmlng attitudes, and by and by they were changed into horizontal positions. This In a flat-bottomed boat half foil of water was refreshing. Those who w ere at each end of the boat were oent ‘ like cor bt-l»» of a building l ’ In an atmode of devotion, while ibe other two. with laces inrned heaven ward, conld foci the rubbing of the bncUs against their noses. Farther progress wasde da lit .tle too precarlona. still no on® was willing to jrive ont and onr leader manifested a readiness S mSK'S"if desirable. It »aa not dafiniiia inCicilWwaa not practicable, teeing In bemeen The rctoro necessitated a change of propellers, and bands sot being well accustomed to tiVdnfr theunsteadiness of onr defied bark increased. The water came la on oil sides, swiminlngly alter a fashion. Ooly tSoUshta were lea ana these bnt straggled dreanfr with the darkness. They wexppatrusted to U e man to the certre of th»-bcat; another pr»- pHltd.ntaUatmtwoatcach esd set to worn to pale out the watw. We htd aotgonafar towards toe cnb and again, when symptoms or or easloess lecanto maiifeet thvmstlvrs. lb Spite of aO ejjorstohalcooithe water, the boat seemed 1C bt- fllhas raptaiy-. We were ya a mile at least Ircm the anafi and the water »as nearly breast u C E! ? °Qdcnly the man at the ttero raised a sharp cry of dlatresa; hia end waa settlias dour, he said, and wh«t «a* »i>e us In baling oc l* n»e to hU feet, just as be felt Ite boat subsiding. The toao with the buket sprang orcrboani. and Mr. Chesbronxh Contoered. we were shipwrecked. Then rose frtm sea to sky the vritd farewell. The last expiring lampllaLthao flickered oat and all was confusion and darkness deeper than To phet. Up to the *aiil In cold water, the boat Iving at the bottom 01 the tunnel, a sen alien of a IbuOfeOrd uetdlea pricking ail over our limbs. »he situation was indescribable. In sphe of our dis may the sense of our ridiculous position was so irrlclrtable that we raised an involuntary ebout ol lauchter loud aod prolnnge •• ir came back to us iu ttc echoes from the chambers and rounded I’ke the mocking of a spitetol crew ol fiends. Theie was no help for us but to raise the boat and ban] it to the cnb end. this was a ta*k of considerable dtificnlrv, hut altera vigorous effort we succeeded. Wading through the chilly water with our Mans benumbed, and drawing an un grateful flat-bottomed boat, which would not car ry us. we toiled painfully, but as cheerfully as possible (or the distance of a mile, shouting occa sionally for belp, which did not come, bewailing our sad fate, aod thlnamz sorrowfully ol the four small obituaries that would appear iu the morn ing papers. At last a faint fight glimmered npon ns from the far ecd. “As If It bad been a Cariatiau soul, we baiU dit in God's name." We had been flounder irg in our watery deegvon for nearly three hours, end were pretty well exhausted. Ibe light proved to be a lamp to the band ol Captain Berg, who. fearing trom our prolonged absence that some disaster bad overtaken os. bad descended to the bottom ol the shaft. And there he stood pro foundly amused at our mischance, and laughing consumedly as the bedraggled wayiaren came one by one tmo view. TBS iSCXXT. But our worst dourer waa not over. We bod to climb the shaft, eixly-elght fee; h» height, hr means of the ladder. “Just go straight us" said Captain Berg, “yon cannot bo out or the war.’* there was do possibility of reaching the upper air that night, except oy clxnblng, and as there was no comfortable lodging to be had In the tun nel. we again adventured. Mr. Cbcsbroush as cesded first, and by way ol a parting salute, when halfway up ho emptied a gallon of water from each boot upon our beads. The remainder of the party were already exhausted by fatigue and cold. How the others succeeded is best known to themselves. The present writer for his part, wa.- just on the point of giv ing ont os be reached a platform let down about fifteen feet from the mouth of the shaft, hands stiffened with cramp, a dizzy sensation of sixty feetbeueaib him, a creeping of the flesh, -power less to more another step. One last shout lor help, and be found himself seized hr a friendly band and laid out on tbe platform, then tied to a rope and hauled up to toe month of tbe shaft. Mutual congratulations on our escape, ami on adjournment to the kitchen, where Mr. Delaney, the worthy steward of (be cub, provided a bowl of hot codec frr tho aoScr*n. - The flood-gales of the crib were reopened im mediately after onr ascent, and the waters went down with a roar like that of an Infant Niagara. What became of the flat-bottomed boat we did not know and did not care, it belonged 10 Mr. C L. 'Wilson, to whom we hereby tender onr profound thanks. Tbe tag was'vraltlng for us at 10 o’clock, aad In a few minutes the party were fleeting merrily home again under tbe kindly stars. And so cod ed the adventurous voyage—the last that will be made through the Lake Tunnel. THE SCAFFOLD. Execution of Alexander B. Wiley at Wlikr-barre, Pa,-Bravado of tde Culprit, dee* [From the New York Herald, 23d.) WxxJtESBAUBV, Pa . March SI. IBS7. Alexander B.Wiley was hatged at this place, at two o’clock to-day, for the mardcr of Mrs. McElwee, a fall account of which has al ready been published In the Herald. I will, therefore, only furnish yon with the scenes and incidents of last night and to-day. Wiley retired to bed last nhrbt at half past eleven, and slept composedly until breakfast time this morning. His com posure partook more of the bravado than aught else. Ho felt flat tered by the number of visitors who called and of the questions asked him. To his ignorant mind be fancied that be had accomplished a feat that gave him importance, perhaps immortalized himself. He made a sort of confession last evening, acknowledging his guilt, and the commis sion of sundry other criminal offences not hitherto known of, bnt denied others. He spoke of having had the devil driven ont of mm through the rites of the church, bnt this was said in a jocular way,'as if it was some thing reallylto be proud of. He pretended to be angry with his brother, who is incarcerated in the same prison with him, and will die “at the out” with him, to use his own ex pression. To one visitor he remarked that hanging was an easy matter when yon got used to it. It Is idle to repeat more of his braggadocio, and there are any number of sensational reports afloat concerning him. He paitook heartily of his sapper, as be .has all his meals, and his breakfast this morning, and had the gourmand depicted strongly in his unimpressive features. His special pleasure in the last few weeks has been in recounting bis nnmeroos desertions in the army, his intention evidently being to make himself notorious in the annals of crime. He pretended to hold malice against two other individuals, who would feel its in tensity if opportunity was only allowed. A (prominent citizen of Wilkcsharre called on him a few days ago, and asked him to make himself visible. He slunk in the cor ner of his cell, and declined, unless he was paid for his trouble, remarking that it was as good os a circus to see him, and upon fifty cents being tossed through the aperture, be made his appearance and conversed la a manner repugnant in the extreme. Speaking to another citizen of the place who had taken farewell of him, he said, “Don’t miss the show on Thursday. There will be no disappointment on account of the weather, and there will be some good jumping done.’* At only one period - daring his confine ment has he shown any workings of con science and a realization of his guilt, and this is thought to have been an experiment to-sce what effect It would have upon visi tors. He was evidently of a theatrical tem perament and fond of effect. This morning the streets were alive with country people, drawn from miles around to witness the execution, and every available spot, including trees, was secured to witness the revolting spectacle. The Sheriff resisted all importunities and granted bnt two hun dred tickets, which Included the jnry. re porters, «fcc., to the Jail yard. The scaffold —a new one—was erected last evening, and the sound made on Its erection did not dis concert the prisoner in the least. The ser vices of a military company, composed of veterans, were secured to .keep back the populace, whose anxiety to witness the exe cution exceeded anything seen lately. The soldiers were kept bnsllj employed In re pelling the people, and were compelled to use baisb means to do so. The prisoner, as the eventful moment drew near, appeared to realize the awfulnesa of his position. His faithful and untiring religious advisers -were with him, instruct ing his mind with religious troths suitable to the occasion. The SheriH announced to him that the hour bad come, and he express* ed his readiness. He carried in his hand a crucifix, and was supported in the short walk to the scaffold by the Reverend Father, who kept bis mind occupied and for tified. He ascended the scaffold with a firm step, and thanked Sheriff Van Leer for his desired the same conveyed to others. He expressed contrition for his sins, and said that he hoped for forgiveness, and prayed that he wontd he forgiven by those he bad so greatly wronged. At precisely three minutes after two his soul was ushered Into eternity. A few min utes elapsed previous to the application of the noose,aid when the body bang la the" toils of death—momenta of suspense to him, but what his feelings were cannot be imag ined, mnch less described. His death was not as easy as Frohst’s, who, it will be re* memhered, died from nervous prostration : and still it was not os violent as others 1 have seen. The body was permitted to bang some length of time afterlife was declared ex tinct. And thus ended the ■career of os sensational a scoundrel as ever graced s gal lows. The prisoner made the following confes sion prior to his execution : • lam Iwentr-s'r years of age, and was bom afe Plymouth. In this county; 1 followed canal busi ness until the beginning of the war; bad no op portunities for school education ,or religious In struction ; enlisted m the army; deserted eight times, ana was sentenced to be shot; at Gettys burg 1 deserted ; then came home : I rob bed Robert Abbotis, who lives on the plains, of s7to; I then robbed a shoe store at Btindtown. After mcutionlnra number of other robberies be continued: On the nth of April last 1 went with two others to the bonse of Hr. Bosgerford, open ed Ibe door by a secret latch, and walked to the bed, bnt 1 had no pistol; 1 told the old man 1 wanted his money: I demanded the* key of his trunk ;-the three with me in the mean time built a fire, and conked snnper; we only made $l5O on that operation. [The prisoner here langhed.l After that, we went to Wyoming County ami entered the bonse of Henry Ellsworth and open ed the door and went In, but only got 53—ob, yes, and managed to get an overcoat; wentlntoan other bonse with a pistol t there were three ofns: we went into the bedroom; lucre was amu ana his wile there; I told-them to keep qalet; we only gos a watch ami chain there. {rheprisoncr again laughed.] We then went to the honsu of Abraham Byman; his daughter was in bed: »ve searched (he bureau, bat found nothing and lift. [Tbe prisoner then made a statement about (he murder, saying about this alTilr:} This girl, five or six veais ago, worked in a machine-shot); I went into the army: when 1 returned 1 found her destitute, and I paid her board and kept her at a place called Bllodtown: what she wanted I provided her with until six or eight months ago: she was in the habit of seeing other men; I was not sparking her; I did not care much lor her: on tbe morning of tbe shoot tig I went there before daylight; opened the back door and went to sleep: slept there until Hiller cot up, when he pushed me and said, “Ton dev!), yon arc again here;” 1 then got np anc went Into Miller's bed; at eight o’clock Mary Frace came to the bonse and 1 got up; I jumped np with a knife tn this band, which 1 was playing wi:h; I stuck the Knife in the table.-and. then Sot it In toy pocket: 1 tore my coat doing so; trs. Hiller then offered to mend my coat; In do ing so she found my revolver: I told her to let It alone; I did not want to Injure the woman. He- Elwee; my revolver bad only three loads in; 1 pointed It at Mias Frace in fan: 1 did thosame to Mrs. McElwee; 1 thought the pistol was only half-cocked; I did not intend to mnrder her, thinking that the barrel ol tne pistol I snapped was empty; this is all 1 know of tbe affair. Child Slnrder In Indiana* Wimiw, lad., March 22. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribnoe: A horrible murder was committed & few days ago half a mile south of Warsaw. A man named Alonzo Hart beat a little boy four years old to death. The only cause for doing so was that the child could not say Its letters. After killing tbe child, he pnt It In an old trunk and burled It In a well. The deed was committed on the 26th of February, and was not discovered until March 21st. There is a great excitement about the affair, bnt not much effort has been made to arrest the assassin. They have arrested the wife of Hart, and are having a preliminary trial now. Hart is about tbltty years of age, about five feet eight inches in height, weighs 170 pounds, bus a light complexion, blue eyes, sandy chin whiskers and sandy hair, and wore when be lelt a military overcoat with out a cape, dark speckled pants, and boots. He stole a black horse, foar or five years old, about one week before he killed the little boy. It Is said tbat he tied a rope about the body ol the child, bung him np three feet from the floor, whipped him with & big horsewhip, ana then confined him in an old cellar (or two hoars.