Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, March 28, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated March 28, 1867 Page 2
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(ftljicaga Cribnne. DAHTs TBI-TfEEELT AHD WEEKLY. .OFFICE* No. ai IIULKH.NT. There are taree editions oj me Tameissued. Ist. Ero7 moraine, for ctrcnistiob nr cimm, newsma •ad Cbe 3d. The Tsi-WxzrzT* Monday*. Wed neadaya and Fridays, for tbs malls'only- sad the Wkiklt, on Thursdays, for tbc main nad sale at our fnnntrr and |>t newmax. • •• Tcrnm of the Chicago Tribune: pally delivered tt tne Qty (ner.*ec<j.; m 3 * ** ** * ** {per quarter) ta* Pally, to mall subscriber* (per anrum. nay*-* v bietn advance) ; i-i on Trt-WeeJdy.rpcr annum, payable m advance) B.OU Weekly, (per annum, osyan ► it advance) *A.O n tV Fractional parts of year at tuebame rates, a# Persons remitting «tut orderica five or more Copies of either the Trt-Wecjay or Weekly edition-. o*s” tuu Per cent if theeniwaiptirtn price ns a eommiwou. Hones to euascEJpvuE.—id oraeruig me address 01 your papers changed. .0 -invest delay, be sure and Bpectiy whatedlUon y-.a tar— weekly, Tri-Weekly, pr Dally. Also, plveyourprKErvrAfuifntnre address tr Money, by Draft, Exp**-**. Money orders, oris BeglfteredLetters, maybesentaioar risk. Address, TRinCNF rn H nhlrase. Ml. THURSDAY, MARCH 23, 1807. BtXIiEB, BIXGHAn, BOOTH. The personal controversy between General Bnllerand Mr. Bimibam, of Ohio, was re newed in the House of Representatives on Tuesday, by the former, and sustained by tbc latter, in a spirit of vindictiveness and acrimony that did no credit to either party. It was made evident that this lively passage at-srms did not, by any means, settle the matter; General Butler sought to reply to his antagonist, and is certain to improve the very first opportunity to do so. We think this qnarrcl is equally unprofitable to the country and to the gentlemen engaged in it; and if Congress has nothing better with which to occupy itself, it bad better adjourn forthwith. Such controversies as ibis make it apparent that there is now no important business for Congress to perform except to agree upon tbc lime of le-assembliog. They also impress us with the truth and wisdom of Ibe lines so often repeated to children; “For Satan Boda some mischiefs!!!! Fondle bands to do.” Evidently Congress Is Idle, and looks upon these assaults and defences as means of rec reation. By all means let It adjourn, and if Messrs. B. and B. arc still disposed to keep up tbc warfare, they can do so on their pri vate account. There was cue feature of Tuesday’s dis cussion which cannot fed to arouse the serious attention of the country, itr. But ler slated that 44 John Wilkes Booth’s diary, “which showed all his movements prepara tory to the assassination of Lincoln, was “ kept from the knowledge of the Court”— *. f., the Court-Martial that tried Mrs. Sur ratt. “It now appeared,” General Butler said, “that It had been spoliated by having “eighteen pages of It cut out after “ it had gone Into the bands “of the Government.” General Butler then said that there still remained a remark able passage, which he quoted from memory as follows: “I [Booth] have endeavored to “ cross the Potomac five times anti failed. I “propose to return to Washington and give “mysel; up, and clear myscif from this “great crime.” Such are the remarkable statements of General Bntler. Now let us -ee how Mr. Bingham deals with them. We may first state as a general proposition that he does not deny them, but indirec’ly admits their truth. “I defy him,” said Mr. Bingham, “by any investigation wUch he may dare “institute, here or anywhere, to show that .“any commnnicaiion came into my hands, “purporting to be the production of “J. Wilkes Booth, that was not “ made after the fact, and lonq after the fact .” These arc cautious words, hut, so ferfrom constituting a denial, they contain a virtual admission—an explanation that, the diary was written after the assassination. On this point, a purely technical one, Mr. Bingham grounded this part of his defence. “Is the e “a lawyer in America or England,” he asked, “ who would say the words and declarations “of an accused felon, after the fact, L “evidence which the advocate of the Go - “eminent is bound to admit In any Court? tl l treat with contempt and scorn any intim - tl ikm t from any quarter, that 1 or my associate ** counsel were under obligation to admit any such **evidence. The law does not require it. The “common law, the growth and gathered 41 wisdom of a thousand years, excludes it.” This is only an elaboration of the explana tion before given—namely, that technically, under the rules of evidence, the Government could not admit as testimony tbc diary of the assassin Booth, because it was written after the commission of the crime. It is a farther substantial admission that such a diary come into tbc possession of the Gov ernment daring the trial oi tbs alleged con spirators. After Interruption. Mr. Bingham continued in the same strain; “I never “saw any memoranda by Wlikes Booth which indicated any plan or motive by which “he wa» to carry out his projected conspiracy. “I never saw any such thing, and I “am not surprised that the gentleman 41 [Boiler] would not let me see the book “ which he put into bis pocket.” Mr. Bat ler heretried to explain, hut Mr. Biogham would not give him the fioor. In the lan guage above quoted, we give all that was said by Mr. Bingham in regard to the alle gation of General Butler tbit the Govern ment was actually in of Booth’s diary. Els language throughout is such as to leave no donbt th.it such a document was actually in the hands of the Government at the time of the conspiracy trials; that Mr. Bingham saw it and carefully studied its contents. If he had not done so, he could not assert with such confidence that it was not legal evidence. The other charge brought forward by General Butler was, that tbc diary was “spoliated ’’—that eighteen pages of it were cut out after it came into tbc bauds ot tbc Government. To this Mr. Bingham replied: “ The gentleman talks of a spoliated book. “ Who spoliated it? * * * Who knows 44 that it h» spoliated ? If John Wilkes Booth 44 tore pages out of it, was that spoliation? 41 The gentleman’s words are as Impotent as “ they are unwarranted. 4 Let the galled 44 Jade wince, my withers are un wrung.’ I 44 challenge him and dare him, here or any -44 where, in this tribunal or any tribunal, 44 to assert that I spoliated any 44 hook. Bnch a charge as that, without any 44 tittle of evidence, is only fit to come from 44 a man who lives in a bottle and is led with 44 a spoon.” It will be seen, on carefully reading this language, that Mr. Bingham was very guarded in the terms be employed. In feet, it is not a denial, but a challenge. He says his withers are uuwruog, bat be decs not auywhere say cither toat the boo t w as not mutilated in the manner charged by General' Butler, nor that he had not a hand In cutting out the eighteen pages. He sim ply says, stripping his sentences of useless verbiage, 44 This charge is worthy of But ler; let him prove it.” But General Bullc did not charge Mr. Bingham with commit ting this mutilation. He said it was done, and pointed out what he regarded as the motive for doing It. Mr. Bingham, while neither admitting nor denying the charge, denies that he controlled the evidence of the Court, and says the Judge Advocate General was the official organ of the Court. This discussion has certainly opened a most interesting chapter in the great mys tery of the assassination. It Is almost two years since the fatal bullet struck down Abraham Lincoln; more than a year and a half have elapsed since the as sassin was shot and the alleged conspirators brought to tbc scaffold; and now, lor the first time, we learu that during all this period the diary ol the mur derer has been in the possession of the Gov* eminent; and for this information wc arc in debted to a member of Congress and the confession he elicits from ouc of the prose cuting attorneys in the conspiracy trials. Mr. Bingham says it was not legal evidence. That may be true, but it is probable, never theless, that It contained facts and informa tion of the deepest interest to the country and Its future historians; perhaps, also, to the cause of justice, Mr. Bingham says it was written a 7m,g time after the assassination, and therefore was not admissible as evi dence. That, too, may be true; but It is equally true that the longer tbc time that elapsed between the commission of the crime and the writing of this diary, the more im portant and interesting did its contents be come. Booth, before-penning It, had had time to recover from the first frenzied excite ment, to reflect calmly-'on the atrocious deed, and to recall to his mind all the cir cumstances .attending it. Mr. Bingham says It did not contain the plan of the con spiracy, (at least, he says he never saw one that did), bnt the less important its contents the greaterthc mystery of Us suppression. The country now being definitely informed that such a document did exist, and did come Into the possession of the Government, will not rest until they have solved the mys lery of Us suppression, If a solution is possi ble. IHE STATE OF DU*JBREr, An application lias been made by the authorities of Utah for the admission of that people into the Union, under the title of the State of Deseret. This application is made with no serious expectation of favorable ac tion. There is very little community of feeling, political or social, between the Mor mons and the other people of the United States, and time is' rendering them more isolated every day. Public excitement in the United Slates has long since declared Alormonism to be a cancer npon public morals ; the iloimons pay no respect to this judgment of the world, and while they might be induced to yield any other part of their peculiar system, they refuse utterly to abandon that feature of it which readers the Whole monstrous to mankind generally. The existence or the continuation of Mor jnomsm is a question which in time will bare to be discussed and settled* but tmttl that lime has arrived. and nntli pol’ygimy bas been blotted out, cither by the voluntary action ■of the Mormons, or by the inter* fcrcnce of the Government, ire think it safe to say that Deseret will not be admitted as a State of the Union. ' ~ ’ BETBEVCUAEN T. - We urged some time ago the importance ,of adopting, with as little delay as possible, some fixed policy with regard to the pay ment of the National Debt. We called atten tion to the fact that tbc taxable .wealth of the United States doubles every ten years, and that the population doubles Itself every twenty-three years. If the National Debt of twenty-flvo hundred millions could be fund ed, as it might be, upon a uniform rate of in terest, and on bonds running until 1890, the present generatlonjwould be relieved of much of the present taxation with which It is op pressed, and the ultimate payment of the debt would be remanded to a period -when our population would be seventy-two mil lions, and the value ol our taxable property would be advanced from twenty-eight thou sand millions to one hundred and twelve thousand millions of dollars. One of the immediate advantages of this policy'would be to enable the Government to return at once to an economical administra tion of affairs.' Onr annual revenue, under the present rates of taxation is, In round numbers, four hundred millions of dollars. The sum actually necessary to pay the Interest on the public debt and the ordinary expenses of the Government is two hundred and ninety-five millions of dollars. Here Is a surplus of over one hundred millions of dollars annually, collected nominally to pay oil that much ol the debt, but serving reilly as a temptation for the most extravagant and riotous wastage of the public money. Ihc fact that there is an unexpended one hundred millions of dollars annually col lected, and subject to any disposition that Congress may make of it, is one of those eviis which is full of danger. It creates reck lessness and prevents economy. It excludes all notions of retrenchment, and calls into being hundreds of propositions for its ex penditure which at other times would re ceive no countenance. It keeps alive a con slant game of grab for this hundred of tall* Hods of dollars annually. As long as'thc money is at their disposal Congress would be more than human if It could resist all, the importunate demands that come to it clothed in the garments of every conceivable charity, kindness and gratitude. The em ployes cf the Government have made bold iuroads upon this fund of late years. Sal aries have been increased with a periodical exactness that rivals the changes of the moon, and nearly as frcqnent. The expenses of tbc Government have been increased as if Horn no other object than to find ways in which to expend the accumulating revenue. Claims, under the strong incentive of an overflowing Treasury, have been presented, which If allowed would bankrupt the Gov ernment. Invitations to engage in grand schemes poor in from every quarter, and the only embarrassment that seems to exist is in tbc choice of the various modes offered in which the Government may get rid of its money. - There Is but one practical way to stop this extravagance, and that is to stop raising the mcney. Nothing tends so ranch, to the cul tivation of economy and retrenchment as an empty pocket. A man with a surplus Is more apt to be extravagant in his expendi ture than is the man who ban not a dollar to spare over and above what is actually nec essary to enable him to live. If two hun dred and ninety-five millions of dollars reve nue Is nil that Is needed to pay the interest on the National Debt,and defray tbe ordinary expenses of the Government, then every dol lar raised by taxation above that sum is un justly wrung from the people, and is so much direct encouragement to waste and extravagance In the public expenditures. It is time that it should be understood that the war is over; that the extraordinary appro priations made daring the war are no longer necessary, and that the taxation and the ex penditures should both be reduced to the lowest possible amount. The time for re trenchment in national expenses is now upon us, and the country has a right to demand that tbe expenditures shall be reduced to the actual requirements of the nation, and that taxation shall be reduced to that point at which revenue to pay that necessary expenditure can be raised. With no surplus In the Treasury, wild schemes of expenditure and wilder claims will knock in vain at the Treasury door. Congress can honestly reject all propositions for extrava gance on the all-sufficient ground of there being no money. To engage in any extraor dinary scheme, or to vote away enormous sums to pay claims, will require the levy of an additional tax, and before voting to levy that tax members of Congress will consult their constituent. By an earnest system of retrench ment the expenditures of the Govern ment may be brought far below their present annual aggregate; and by regulating the revenue so as to meet that expenditure and no more, thesystem of internal or direct tax ation may be simplified greatly. The amount cf revenue to be raised having been ascer tained, the present Briarean system can be teduced, and taxation confined to the fewob- Jects and sources requisite to raise the given amount of revenae. The reduction of taxes, and the adoption of a thorough system of re trenchment in expenditures, would have an immediate effect upon the country aud hasten the long wished for return to actual values. IDAGNA GaBTEIt. Ad Individual signing himself Carter 11. Harrison bos undertaken to lecture the people of Chicago upon what he pronounces their want of charity and their lack of sym pathy with human suffering. Some time ago he published an appeal to the people of this city in behalf of the suffering and destitute in the rebel States. He ostentatiously an nounced his own subscription, and appoint ed himself treasurer to receive and forward any other subscriptions that the two hun dred thousand people of Chicago might feel disposed to make. Mr. Harrison's appeal to the public has been answered by a few per sons only—that is to say, but a very few per sons have selected Hr. Harrison as their, almoner. The consequence is that that gen tleman rushes into print, and abuses Chicago roundly for its neglect. Here is a specimen' of his invective: ■“And now. Hr. Editor, It does seem a crying shame that Chicago, enjoying a prosperity .that lew dties ot the world nave ever kno.ru.—with its marble palaces, whose occupants tread upon velvet carpets, with its magnificent churches, lift ing their spires to Heaven, towards whose crimson altars worshippers go in equipages fit for princes; with its lultv storehouses, more like palaces than places of business, in many of which trade is an nually done hy the million; and, above all. with its cranaries bursting with corn sufficient loieed a continent.—that this Chicago should wrap itself in its mantle of luxury, and calmly stand by while American women ana children by whole coantics full are actually starving. ‘♦Our Chamber of Commerce canhoiatita daunt ing £ag to the mast of a foreign ship, nut oilers uo rebuke to Its members who vote arsenic to an American woman. Onr preachers can shed salt tears over the benighted heathen, and otter blowing exhortations on the political rights of the negro, but have not one word of comtort to send to a starving American child, black or white. Oar Common Council can spend its ten tnonsand dollars to fire squibs for tne amusement of silly voters, bal has not a single loaf to give the starv ing people of a sister town.” Hr. Carter H. Harrison, in tbe estimation of those who read bis diatribe, will unques tionably be rated as an ass. Daring four years of war, and fora year thereafter, Chi cago gave of her stores with a lavish band to ftcd the hungry, clothe tbe naked, shelter ilic homeless, comfort the sick and bury the dead. No other city in the land was more liberal in proportion to its population. There never was an appeal made to the generosity of Chicago that failed to elicit a .rompt and liberal response. Ills unqnes ticnably true that In some of the houses of Chicago tbe inmates tread upon velvet car pets ; that some of onr churches have tall steeples, and, possibly, there may be crimson altars in some of them; many of onr people ride to chnrch in their own carriages, .and the car riages may be fit for the sovereigns they con tain ; wc have lofty storehouses, and many of our merchants do trade “by the minion,” and we have warehouses and elevators filled with corn; but what has all that to do with tbe proposition that onr people should hand over their money to Hr. Harrison Carter, or Mr. Carter Harrison, to he forwarded to tbe rcliel of people who are starving by, “whole counties full.” The people of Chicago, and .if the United Stales generally, have an agency of charity In the F/eedmen’s Bureau which has never failed to respond to : the wants of destitute people in tbe South, whether while or black. This agency is al ways provided with funds, and the “people of Chicago preterit, by many degrees, to the agency of Mr. Harrison Carter, Hr. Harrison or Carter advertised his own subscription in every paper in this city over his own signature. Did It ever occur to this Magna Carter that other people doing works of charity and not seeking notoriety, might have another mode of doing good than through his agency ? Mr. Harrison’s left hand must have been very stupid If it was not fully aware of what his right was dolnc in the way of charity. People may tread upon velvet carpet and still have hearts to feel for the woes of others. Peo ple who ride to high spired churches in their own carriages have during the lost ten years found the means of doing good unto their neighbors and of relieving distress at heme and elsewhere without having re course to Hr. Carter’s Bureau of Charities. Chicago, it Is true, might sell all the velvet carpets, and crimson altars, and palatial ed ifices, and give the money to the poor at the South ; but when the people of the South, who have means, see their neighbors dying by “whole counties full”, from starvation, and yet contribute liberally to tbe support of Jefferson Davis, who is not starving, they feel justified In holding onto their carpets, and their horses, and their stores. Never theless the cry of suffering never fills unheeded on their cars ; the appeal ot the poor and the starving is never made to them In vain; but they are not to be Insulted nor dragooned into doing anything by the silly rhetoric of Mr. Harrison Carter. Charity is silent and does not blow T its own horn, as Mr. Harnsondoes. Charity' is spontaneous, and when money is extorted by force or blackguardism, it is not charity. Mr. Har rison’s abnsc of the people of Chicago may gratify the rebels,' dr. those. sympathizers who never give money to the'starving, but it will not draw business to his Charitable Agency. When people who tread on velvet carpets have anything to give, they will probably select some other agent, who will thankfully.accept what is given, and who wil| learn that civility is not out of place in themau who'asks for, even a cup of cold water In the name of Him who is the foun tain of charity. : JFKEICni U9IKS .EASTWARD, Our business public know that with “com promise” cars, as they are called, so built that they can be run on our roads with a gauge of lour feet eight and a half Inches, and on the Ohio roads, whose gauge Is four feet ten, freight has for several years been shipped by the South Shore Kailway lines from Chicago to all the cities of the Atlantic seaboard without transhipment. Till with in the lost few months this could not be done by the Michigan Central and connects lug roads eastward, for the reason that the gauce of the Great Western, like that of all other Canadian railways, was five feet and a half, making transhipment at Niagara Falls and Detroit an absolute necessity. Within the last few months a third rail has been laid from Windsor to the bridge, called by certain not very stu pid wags “the annexation rail,” making with tbc opposite and exterior rail the gauge four feet eight and a half, to correspond with that of the Michigan Central, the Now York Central, and all other roads east of the bridge except the Erie, Preparatory to tun nelling under the Detroit River, a work which it will require the energetic managers of the Michigan Central and the Great Western Railways but two or three years to com plete, an immense Iron ferry boat has been put in successful operation, by which an en tire train of freight cars is crossed in two or three trips. Thus we have another great tbroucb freight line to New England and the Middle States without breaking bulk. The importance and great value of this new line to the entire business public East and West will be betterunderstood when we add that tbc several railways In interest have contributed an equitable number of ireigbt cars to run between Chicago and all the leading cities of the seaboard ; and It is a condition that the “bine cars” go directly through, accidents alone excepted. No middle men or ontside agents arc permitted to levy a tax both upon the roads and' the public. The Presidents of the different rail wajs in this arrangement represent the com panies over which they preside, and the de labs are carried out by their respective freight agents. A bill of the merchandise goes with each car, and if damages occur, they arc at once settled and paid when the sroodfi arrive, and the amount la charged back to the road on which it occurred, or it is otherwise equitably adjusted between the companies as the facts may warrant. . This line is now carrying corn and other freight to all the leading manufacturing towns in New England, and the cars are re turuimr freighted with merchandise for this city. A few days since, two cars were load ed in Boston for Omaha, and have, no donbt, before Ibis arrived without breaking bulk or even having their doors unlocked, safely on tbc banks of the Missouri. By the 4th of July, 1870, this feat will undoubtedly be ac complished between Boston, New York and San Francisco. THE NEW BOARD OF PUBLIC WOBK9. The Copperhead print abuses the Mayor and Council for nominating and electing ouc German member of the Board of Public Works. It thinks it Is unfair to the 44 Demo crats” that a Copperhead was not selected instead of a German, and rests its argument on the grounds that there are more Copper heads In Chicago than Germans, which Is not true in point oi fact. We think that tbc action of the Connell was eminently proper and correct. Copper heads are confessedly In a pitiable minority in each Division of the city. If the selec tion was to be made by popular vote no Cop perhead could come within gunshot of an election. If the Mayor had nominated a man of that “persuasion” in either Division he would have violated the wishes and misrep resented the sentiments of a largo majority oi the voters of such Division. The population of Chicago, considered from the standpoint of birthplace, is mainly divided into three nationalities, viz.; Ameri can, British (including Irish) and German. There is a fourth element of considerable strength, tbe Scandinavians, and also a sprinkling of French and other nationalities. But more than ninety-five per cent of the whole mass poll under the three heads, Americans, British and Germans. The for mer constitute, perhaps, thirty-six per cent of the entire population; the second named thirty-three, and the last named twenty eight per cent. The Board of Public Works is constituted of Mr. Burley, American; Mr. Gindele, Ger man; General McArthur, British. It is true that in the South Division the American born people are much more numerous than lh£ Germans. Bat on the other hand the Germans far outnumber the Americans In the North Division. But no political trouble will grow out of this circumstance. The Americans of the city will naturally call first on Mr. Burley about matters pertaining to tbe Board of Public Works; those of British origin (including Irish) will confide their business to General McArthur, while the Germans will lay their special affairs be fore their countryman; Mr. Gindele. Thus each of the great elements of our population Is represented, and by the man'of their choice, and each member is heart and soul devoted to the interest of Chicago. But there are three Radicals and no 44 Dem ocrat” on the Board. We reply ; McArthur was a Douglas Democrat before the war, a War Democrat during the contest, and is now a Radical, just as tens of thousands of other Democrats became Radicals—by the force of truth and patriotism. He will represent all the “War Democrats” in the city, and that -embraces every Democrat deserving of tbe name. The “Democrats” who “fought, bled and died” on the side of the rebels, who tried to make the war a failure and tbe Union a thing of tbe past, occupy the rela tive position of the Tories after the revolu tion, and deserve no representation on tbc Board of Public Works or any other board or political body. They have forfeited, the confidence and respect of all patriotic and Union-loving people, and have no business to hold office. Let them follow tbe example of tbc Federalists, and dissolve their party and deny that they belonged to it since ISCI. DOCTORS ON A STRIKE. The Doctors of Galveston, Texas, are on a strike for higher wages. They have struck so high that they have probably excluded sickness from tbc city more effectually than they ever did by the use of tbeir compounds, nostrums and prescriptions. In fact they demand such lees that no one but a million aire can afford to be sick; and henceforth good health is necessary to any kind of econ omy. Sickness will now become a luxury for the patricians; good health the distin guishing mark of a plebeian. The doctors have published tbeir programme, and, to use a printer’s phrase, no “ratting” is to bo allowed. For a day visit they charge four dollars—for a visit after 9 p. m., eight dollars. For a first visit when mlnuto ex amination is required, ten dollars. For ad vice when snch examination Is required, fif teen dollars. For an opinion involving a question of law, twenty-five to a hundred dollars. For treatment in case of yellow fever, fifty to two hundred dollars. ! For treatment of a case of small-pox one bun dred to two hundred dollars. This scale of prices Is mild compared to the charges for surgery, which go up to five hundred dollars, and don’t get much below it, with the usual scale of charges for all visits subsequent to the first. Flake’s Bulletin stoutly against these charges os and oppressive. It says: “ Wc never knew an educated physician, an ed ucated lawyer, or a ccntleman competent to ex ercise any other profession, who needed resort to piouctlve unions, and we nave always been' sur prised when wc have seen gentlemen of profes sional standing, of dignhy and responsibility in tbeir i>role-«lons rate with (hose of the half deuced student, or the tryo who should be at bis books rather that at hie practice.” ■ 53?" Andy Johnson and his vetoes have fallen Into such contempt that not one news paper in fifty published his last veto of the Supplemental Reconstruction Bill, and not one subscriber In fifty to tbe few papers that did insert hia Copperhead objections, read a single paragraph of it, or cared the valne of a brass ballon what be said on the subject. A Reported Strike Denied* To the Editor oflbe Chicago Tribune: The Chicago and Springfield papers have been circulating, for a week past, notices ofa strike at the Ellsworth Hines at Danville, 111., and your paper of Saturday .reproduces the falsehood, In this fashion : “The miners at work in the Ellsworth coal mines, at Danville, HI., have been on a strike since "Wednesday of last week, and refuse to go to work unless a liberal advance is made on the price of mining. .The demands of the miners have not yet been complied with.” I was at the mines last Wednesday, a week later than your alleged strike, and there had been no strike, nor any symptoms of one. I had a letter from tbo Superintendent on Sat uroay, the day of your notice, and no strike . had thin taken place.' Now, what may he .the motive in circula ting these falsehoods Ido not know. It may bo either to produce a strike there or else where, or to stop our orders for coal. In any event you will confer a favor by contradict ing the statement and asking other p&pirs tu do so. Roswell. C. Smith, President Ellsworth Coal Company. ENGLISH FARMS AND EH BUSH FARMERS. Life in tfae Bbral Districts of England. 1 T]ie Eelationß of landlords to their Tenants. The Wages of liabor. The Real Social “Slatns of Farmers and Farm Laborers. wnmxs sxmEssLY tob tub ouxoaoo tbzbcxe bv as Esoiian Acrnoarsa, NUMBER L. Losnos, England, March 8. Tbc spirit of dissatisfaction which has so long prevailed among the artisans and opera tives of our cities and manufacturing towns, is also working upon the more immobile na ture and slower perceptions of oar agricultu ral laborers, and the dwellers in our country districts. From some strange peculiarity not to be explained to tbc nnlnitlateed, the great body of our farmers have hitherto held the ex pression of every sign of Independence among their laborers to be a prime neces sity. But the complaint of “tho sanciness of the men”—a term employed to denote any expression of dissatisfaction, however legiti mate is now so common that it is evident, whatever may be the result, that the system .of constraint Is taxing the powerof the farmer to his utmost; and whilst the older !and more conservative of the class shake their heads at the grave portents of a gloomy future, feeling thankful that they may per chance rest Id their graves before the full vial of destruction is poured out, as a class are bciug compelled to yield to a spirit of progress. The more liberal section of landlords and employers freely acknowledge that the wages now received by the larger number of the laborers are far from constituting a just remuneration, and where a family consists of four or five young children, with neither wife or child to add tbeir little earnings to tbc weekly pittance, recourse must be had to charity and eleemosynary aid to obtain anything beyond the barest necessaries of existence. In such coses, and daring present prices, tbc wages arc Insufficient to prpvlde anything beyond flour for the weekly con sumption. How, then, it may be asked, are rent, clothes and fuel procured ? And why do not liberal minded men alter this state of things? As to the first question, extra money received daring harvest is supposed to pay tbc rent, and 1 am sometimes told It 1$ only improvidence which prevents it being so applied. Fort of it docs usually go to wards satisfying the demands of the land lord ; but this hand-to-mouth ; way of living Is a had school to ‘teach forethought and economy, and It is not surprising that this larger supply should be partially expended in some little luxury dr indulgence. To supply.otber requirements the farmer’s wife mast be sought, and free hearted and open-handed she often is, bnt such assistance is, of course, uncertain and liable to be withdrawn at ca price. This system Is bad, indeed, in every way, though it is the peculiar delight of many masters, for not only does it compel the dependence which it la their grand de sire to encourage, but it enables them to talk and meditate, with a comfortable self-com placency, about the alma and charity be stowed. In regard to the second question: The system commonly in practice of fixing and equalizing the rate of wages throughout a parish or district but too olfcctaally prevents the liberally disposed from acting in accord ance with tbe more generous promptings of thrir heart. That it should do this is a sad evidence of human weakness, bat parish opinion is a mighty power, and he Is a bold man who braves for any length of time the ill-will and pcity annoyances which result from acting contrary to the wisdom of those by whom he is surrounded. He Is an object of jealous ill-feeling, his motives are suspected, “he Is only baiting a trap to catch his neigh bor’s workmen.” Thus, though a few stand tbeir ground, more soon give up tbe control, flattering themselves that by extra doles they will make it up to their workmen and their consciences. The social status of our farm laborers Is, indeed, a subject for grave Inquiry; but my intention Is simply to glance at the actual condition of oar rural population. All are familiar with highly-drawn sketches of conn try happiness and peace ; the picturesque, thatched cottage, standing in a well-stocked garden, with the proverbial pig-stye, the fat sides of whose former occupants gmeo the rafters; the sturdy, honest-browed man of elephantine proportions, whose broad face Is ouc bngegrin of contentment; tbe stout, comely woman, ever ready to honor the squire’s lady and humor the farmer’s wife with the bobbing courtesy—unknown, I imagine, to trans-Atlantic dwellers—with a group oi ruddy, romping children to com plete the scene. I am sorry to destroy this pretty picture; but feet is feet, and the real ity is different. Such cottages, thank God, are to be seen nestling among tbe hollows of our English landscapes, but they are only as exceptions which prove the rule. The stolid dullness which characterizes oar ploughman is but the outgrowth of bis surroundings, which but too often are the very opposite of the sketch just given, and, indeed, the per sonal appearance of an average specimen of this class by no means accords with the ro bust, vigorous physique be is commonly be lieved to enjoy. The well-known figure of the “Hodge” of our stage, with awkward, ungainly form, etack-oat elbows, hair combed straight over a low forehead, and eyes and mouth wide open with surprise, only wants thinner cheeks and a little less padding to be as a representation essentially correct. Much attention has of late been directed towards the cottages of onr poor, and It is impossible to over-rate the necessity of this Improvement; the vice generated by living in tenements so constructed that the main tenance of habits of cleaulincs and natural respect Is an utter impossibility, can scarcely be imagined. The plea urged by landlords, that it is yain to erect houses of a better and more roomy class, os the tenants by let ting off part make void tbe benefit of such improvement, shows In the stronger light the culpability of proprietors in allowing circumstances which must perforce foster brutalizing habits to have prevailed so long. But the last few years have witnessed a marked Improvement in this respect, and : farmers are now ashamed ofscelng their men living In hovels, which, if they stood In their own farm-yards, they woald condemn as unfit to shelter their cattle or oven their pigs. It will he long before the greater number of these men will be able to find pleasure, in stead of perplexity, in any mental exercise; surely, then, every aid to the enjoyment of social comfort should he afforded. The ole house and the annual Fair must be mention ed as the chief scenes of recreation. Happy the wife whose husband pays bat a weekly visit to the former place, the power ofwhose attractions must he almost irresistible, to judge from a fact lately mentioned In a little volume—a simple record of a lady’s praise worthy effort to do good—in which a half culightcoed man inquires “if the joys of heaven can exceed the bliss of sitting in a public house with a pipe, a pot of porter, and a fiddle going.” The village fair Is still in many districts the grand holiday of the year, and dressed In their Sunday best, John and Mary—the rustic representatives of “ Darby and Joan”— slow ly push their way with the crowd, among tbo rows of booths and Gypsy carts and stalls laden with nuts, toys, gingerbread and pickled salmon; entreated on one hand not to throwaway their only cbancc of beholding an exhibition of wax works, “far surpassing any work of nature,” and invited on the other to gaze for the sum of one penny upon a panorama of tbe Falls of Niagara, painted by tbe talented exhibitor on the very spot. “Cheap Jacks ” are vaunting their wares with a strength of voice almost as miracu lous as the cheapness of the articles, “which nothing hut the purest generosity induces them to offer to the public.” Quacks arc dispensing pills and salve for every pain and ill, heart ache Included, whilst above all this din and hubbub tbe sharp notes of the clarinet and the constant booming of a big drum announce that the performance at the travelling theatre is about to commence. Bnt these occasions are not withont their drawbacks. Tbe baud of a recruiting sergeant is often actively employed, and many a mother will weep the loss of aeon sworn to fight the battles of bis country, and many will leave the drinking booths riotous and revelling. In consequence, much influence is being used to discourage attendance at fairs, and in a few years they will, I suppose, bo numbered with the things of the past. Bnt 1 have yet to mention the saddest fact In connection with the life of a farm laborer, viz: that the earnings ofa life oftoll—and it must be remembered I am not speaking of those who, not working, cannot expect to reap—arc sufficient in bnt few cases to enable' him to keep a home, in weakness and old age, his last days must be spent within tbo walls of a workhouse, or at best in humil iating dependence on parish allowance! Tbe Training of Women* A movement Is on foot in Now York for the establishment of an Institution for the education of . women where bodily health and physical culture shall be insured In con junction with elevation of character and in tellect. It is proposed to give the school a beautiful location oa Hurray Hill between Lexington and Third avenues, where the requisite natural advantages for ao institu tion of the bind arc combined with great convenience ofacceea. At a recent meeting of gentlemen interested ia the project, the following letter was read: “ 1 wish 1 could be present at tie meeting tWa evening, wuictr is to consider the propriety ot Inking measures for a central educational lua'icn tlou for it oatr. X haro long fe.t very deeply the need of this movement.. Oar women are fast be* coming batterflien for-.wantor a* tme training. Motl of our female schools are ftsbionsblo not house*, to entourage tbe growth of llstlessness, sfii-ciQ'iou and extravagance. Society is mads aiii&dal, »l<e laws of God ate despised and all things «t topsy-turvy; wives lord It ever their bnpbands, and children lord Hover their parents; wwdetn Is driven n<(o tne corner and foily wears the crown. -1 trace nine tenths of the dippancy aod lauenood oi modern society to themocKcry of an edncatioi.'which the danghtcra of the land receive. 0"d help you and your colleagues In ibis good work to tend the devil yelping to his den. - Years very truly,- Howard CnosnT.” In tbe debate ..which followed, a gentle man remarked that under tbe present sys tem ofcdacation'the daughters of tho city wero becoming elegant cyphers. Another gentleman urged tho necessity of physical culture for women, remarking that its absence had in some Instances re sulted In Insanity. He was in favor of hav ing women so educated that in cose they were not married they would bo able to take care of themselves. Is it not evident from the foregoing pas sages that at least one of oar large cities has developed a spasm of sense on this sub ject of vital importance to American so ciety ? FROM THE EAST INDIES. Starvation among the Native*—An OnibrcaK among Them—The Native Population Reduced One-Half by the Famine—Fearful Storms In the China Sea—Tho Fury of an Eastern Cyclone. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.) Singapore. Madras, India, J Jaaaaryß, 1867.. f The High Court of the Madras Presidency, India, commenced on tho Oth of November the trial of those natives who were driven by tbe near prospect of starvation to com mit the “ lootlcgs” last September, plun dering tho rice from tbe railway cars and from tbe dealers who had raised the prices to famine rates. This had maddened the mass of laboring natives, who only, earn from two to three dollars, and placards were found notifying the public that if tbe prices were not reduced a plundering would take place. No heed was given to tho warning, and the crowd took possession of the cars and. a dealer’s shop, and supplied them selves gratis. Similar scenes have taken place at other points beside Madras. Several arrests have been made, and the persons brought to trial. Having asked, ’‘Guilty or not guilty,” the Court received the same uniform answer, namely; ” I be came guilty at the moment of arrest.” That is, their guilt lay in tho act of allowing themselves to be arrested, thus conveying a half-smothered ■ defiance, as weH as a half smothered assertion of the rights of human ity. Many of these natives had borne a good character previously, or, at least, there was no criminal record against them, which is considered rather fair for a native. A de crease in the price immediately followed the “loot.” Before that one rupee only bought three and a half measures of rice, but alter It the same money would buy eighteen measures. THE FAMINE. In the eastern and southern districts of the Bengal Presidency, the population has been reduced between one-third and one-half o! Us former status by death and emigration, on account of the famine. In . the Cuttack country, this-, year’s rice crop has been destroyed by floods on the rice lands when the crop was almost ready for harvest, but it is found that another cheap grain for the natives will par tially supply the loss. Relief operations will have to be continued there till another crop has been realized. Rice is the staple food for all Southern Asia and the Malayan Archipelago, Siam and a largo portion of China. Through large sections of those regions roads are un known. They have only jungle paths where the native laborer trots along with his burden on his head or suspended from his shoulders. Hence one of the almost insurmountable obstacles In relieving the Interior famine districts. STORMS IK TUB CHIKA SEA. Twenty vessels, more or less disabled by a cyclone in the China Sea, arrived at this port about the ICth of December. Indeed, there baa been a long series of those pecu liar whirling storms, following the change of the trade winds la November and the early part of Decem ber, and finally culminating In one of great violence, raging from the 10th to the 13tb of December. The principal storm centre was between latitudes 2 and 13 north, and longi tudes 105 and .113 east, and extending with great violence over the Gulf ol Slam and through the Straits of Malacca. Fears at this port were for some time en tertained for the safety of tbo United States hteamer Asbnciot, which passed through these straits about the 20th of November on her way to China. She being a light draught river steamer, only drawing about seven feet of water, It was icared that a real cyclone could not fail to capsize her and bury crew aud armament lo mid-ocean. Her command er, Captain Febigcr, meeting with indica tions of severe storms, very wisely steered east and south of this cyclone region, and Id all probability thus avoided a fate of which one shudders to think. The steamer was reported safe December 20tb, at Man illa, in thuPUillipine Islands. Many vessels passing lo nr from Hong Kong hither, or from Siam hither, have not been beard from yet. A largo American ship, Martha Rideout, encountered a cyclone on the fifth of Novem ber, in latitude thirteen degrees north and longitude cue hundred and eight degrees tost, a northeast wind blowing a huricano of such fearful violence as to wrap them in a dense gloom of rain and spray that shut out of sight everything except a few feet of space around the vessel, while one continued flash of lightning and peal of tbunderseemed blending sea and heavens together. Though the sails were double-reefed, aud the spars set to the wind, it took only thirty minutes after entering the real storm circle, to break and tear out masts, spars, sails, rigging and every moveable thing above deck, and bring the (hip down on her beam ends, with tbo decks perpendicular to the water, while the broken floating masts, still held by some of tbo rigging, were thumping like a battering ram against the bulwarks by the action of the waves. I will only give one among the many In stances that occurred during the last great storm that raged from December 10th to De-' cember 18th. The Osaca.a sailing vessel,laden -with rice, cleared from Saigon for Hong Kong. She was staunch and strong, and commanded by a cool old navigator. They were passing out of the Gulf of Slam and heading lor the China Sea when they on countered the cyclone, of which the barome ter had previously shown signs. Every pos sible precaution hod been attended to. such as reefing sails and setting spars to the wind, before the storm burst upon them; bat the masts snapped like reeds, and spars and sails and rigging were carried away like bits of thread and scraps of cloth, only the stump of a mast remaining. The wind seemed lit erally to scoop up tbc waves and cany them over the deck of tbc vessel. Nothing but the top of the cabin was out of water. . No pump could be uncovered and worked. The cabin was filled with water, and all gathered on the little looting at the stern that was left them, and there waited their fate for twelve hours, during the whole of which time the deck was under three feet of wafer, the waves rolling over it constantly. Mid night came, and the Captain thought the time bad come when he with his wife and crew must leave the ship, or go down in her; but tbc waves broke over them so fearfully that the boats could not be launched. Fate bound them to the ship, and there they wait ed, noting how heavy and water-logged she grew; bat still the little foothold on tbc stem was left. As morning drew on, the violence of the storm seemed to slacken just a little; they were drifting to the outer clrcieofit. Eater in the morning, part of tbc deck was above water and toe vessel showed a little buoyancy. Later still, the pumps could be uncovered and worked, when there were found seven feet of renter in thehold , which had gone through the deck, for the bottom was still tight and strong. The ship was lightened of her cargo and when they could take their bear ings, instead of being In the China Sea they found themselves near this port, to which they laid their course, considering their escape from tbc cyclone, withoutloss oflife, really wonderful. A UNITED STATES STEAMER IN INDIAN WATERS The United States steamer Shenandoah, Captain Goldsborougb, arrived here Decem ber 31st. During her stay at Calcutta she was visited by the Governor General and the official dignitaries of that place. She leaves this port for Hong Kong, via Bangkok and Saigon, on the oth Inst. The Shenandoah draws too much water to reach the city, so that she will have to lay at tbc bar forty miles below the town. His Majesty, the old King, will hardly get a view of a United States steamer unices ho should find it con sistent with his dignity to go down to Pack culmm, which is not probable. A. L. Tbo Chicago Times and Charity for Southern Bistre**. Cuicaoo, March 26. To the Editor of fhe Chicago Tribute; The editor of the Chicago Times has seen fit to denounce the Board of Trade as a set of thieves, scallawags and scoundrels, and used other choice language, so common among his associates, because they did not see fit to donate $20,000 for the starving South, overlooking the fact that Southern Legislatures can donate thousands of dollars for the defence of their military chieftain, keep their heroes In cork legs, appropriate, money to contest the Military Reconstruc tion Bill in the Courts and furnish Mrs. Jeff. Davis with baby clothes, at the same time making a grab at the Public Treasury for a million. But we have yet to note the first contribution from his band for the relief of a single individual, north or south. Why did he not set a noble example by covering Mr. Harrison’s five hundred dollars with a seven* thirty, and. Instead of spending his time lashing the chnrtihes for their parsimony, step into the breach with a handful of money ? Let him give five hundred dollars or less; let him give even os much as seventy-one cents, about which be bos so much to say: let him do this, or any other decent act, and the Board of Tiadc, together with all other respectable bodies, will clap their hands with joy, and say, “Well done, good and faithful servant; cuter thou into the joy of thy Lord.” And, when the widows and orphans, the one-armed and one-legged soldiers which ho has has been so instrumental in making, shall clamor about him for charity, he shall ex nltlngly point to the one credit on the .right side of ms balance sheet, and triumphantly exclaim : “What more would-ye ask ; Fath er forgive them, they knew not what they do.” And, when he dies, he will die as the good mao d’e’b, wHh music in bishcatl, rmlpep on hla lips, and songs ra h's month ; nad those mu*.. v nr com mon m*ier tune* No, they will bo hosannas, »a lelujabs and attwietua ; uimi -h*nn«j i» buried jnat six. «*•«<*• *"«♦ from Detr-it, “ bearing a little south," that land ho loved •r well—and laboM-n e .. ima tuimopte «J i ring the war—bis Oprerheal frleor’swill gather in emmon around his gmvs and mingle -their t with Jost seventy-one cents’ worth it' dust. J. h. C. puonmnoN -and freedom OFIXCHANWE. A Clror Exposition of tho rni«clilcvou« Fallacies and Absurdities of me So- Galled “Protective** Policy—Wherein “ Protection** Increases Prices, In jures Home industry and Interferes wlih the Rights of Lab.ir, without Increasing Capital or Wages. Milwaukee, March SC. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: In the House of Representatives. March 19, 1858, a special, committee, appointed to consider tho Navigation Laws and the duties on imported goods, submitted a report which, from the force with which it thoroughly ex poses the absurdities and outrageous wrongs of a so-called protective tariff, deserves to be rcpiodnced at the present time. Among other things, the report goes on to say: The practical working of tbe protective policy is this: Imposition of high duties on those foreign products which come in competition with name products, so as to compel the consumers to purchase the home products at enhanced prices. Toe first fiict which arrests our attention from this state ment is that the foreign products are fur nished cheaper than the rival home products, as, otherwise, there would be no use for tbe high duties. The practical effect of this is that the consumers are prevented by governmental intcrfeicnce from baying cheap. All men of ordinary sagacity ia tho management of their private affairs invari ably endeavor to buy cheap. Individuals who would act upon a difierent principle would be considered fit subjects for a com mission de lunatico inquirendo. Now; it is very strange that laws should be made by Government to prevent men buying cheap. If it be wise for individuals to buy cheap, why is it not wise for tho whole nation to buy cheap ? The very first step of the Pro tcctionlsts Is founded on a negation of the universal practice and expeneucc of man kind In their individual relations. PROTECTION INCREASES PRICES, It Is sometimes denied that protective duties increase the price of tbe home pro duct. But there can be no dispute on this point, for, unices the protective duties in crease tbe price of the home product, what is the use of the duty ? There ia nofotber possible mode In which tbe duty can; oper ate in favor of tbe home producer, except by increasing prices. If it docs not accom plish this effect, then the duty is inopera tive. But tbe tenacity with which the Pro tectionists cling to tbe duty, shows that it is efficacious. If tho duly on the foreign produce docs not increase the price of the home product, then there can be no objec tion to reducing or abolishing the, duty. But ihc opposition to the reduction of: duty, on the part of the home producer, whose only object is high prices, demonstrates the effect produced. Higher prices for tbe home product implies the expenditure of a greater amount of labor to accomplish the same purpose, for labor is the true measure of value. If it be wise to waste labor then the policy of compelling the consumer to buy at a higher price from the home pro ducerlsdefcnsible; otherwise It is not. The very civilization we enjoy is tho fruit of labor-saving appliances. Any policy by which this harmonizing process of saving labor is abridged is not merely a pause in the onwaid movement of society, but a step backward. * The protective policy, then, as raising prices to tbe consumer (which Is tho same thing as requiring more labor to accomplish a given result), and tbas as at tacking the problem of saving labor, is antagonistic to the great social progress of tbe civilized world. Again, the protected forms of industry arc

cither profitable or unprofitable. If they are profitable they neetf no protection; If they arcflunproQtable they do not merit it, for tbo idea of legislating capital into un profitable channels in the country Is of all absurdities the greater. Does it not seem, when such vast fields of production, in com merce, in agriculture, In mining, lay Inviting before us, that, of all things in the world, wo need not hunt out and legislate to force unprofitable pursuits ? Id do country la the world is there such au extended field for the application of capital and labor produc tively as Id this country. Then why not let capital and labor take spontaneously tbeir natural direction. Why strive to force them into barren channels ? PROTECTION DOES NOT INCREASE CAPITAL. In this connection we would allude to a cicat fact, which should never bo lost sight of, that the protection pollcv does not to create capital; it only gives it new direc tion. The capital remains the same after you have passed your protective laws as It did before; you only force it Into new direc tions. if by your legislation yon could in crease the capital of the country, then there might be some reason for your legislation ; but os all your laws do not increase, by a single dollar, the amount of capital, bow futile ore your cflbrU lor good. PROTECTION INJURES HOME INDUSTRY. The popular fallacy on which the protec tive policy rests is tbe encouragement of home industry. It is true you may build up certain forms of industry, but la doing so yoa have done it at the expense of other forms ot industry. If, for instance, you have developed the woollen manufacture by high duties and raising the price of woollen goods, vou have done so at the expense oi the other : industrial classes which consume those woollens, for yon have compelled thorn to give a higher price for their woollens, and to the extent of this advanced price yoa have discouraged them in tbeir industry. Tbe most effectual protection to home in dustry is to let every form of industry attain its most profitable results. This you can only do by permitting freedom of exchanges. Then eveiy form of industry exchanges Us fruits to the best advantage. PROTECTION DOES NOT INCREASE WAGES, and this from a very obvious reason, because tbccompetltiou among tbo protected forms of Industry prevents profits from remaining permanently higher than the average rate of the profits of capital in the country gcocral - IV, and, therefore, tbe wages in tbe protected forms of industry cannot be higher than the ordinary wages of tbe country. FREEDOM OP EXCHANGE GIVES T 8 THE USB OF "What we need in this country more than anything else to the highest development of our industrial resources Is capital. Free trade virtually gives us this capital, because it gives us the fruits of capital. If wc con sume the products of five hundred millions of capital in Europe, we have, to all practi* cal purposes, got the use of that capital. Freedom of exchange gives us the benefit of a vast foreign capital. To Illustrate: Sup pose that, instead of investing a hundred millions in woollen manufactures, we are supplied with foreign woollens, this leaves the One hundred millions free for other pur poses; therefore, we have, in effect, added this much to our capital. Instead, therefore, of envying the advantages of other people, we ought rather to rejoice at them, and by free exchanges get all the benefit we can from them. TEES EXCHANGES JIBST ON JUSTICE. The doctrine of Free Trade, or as it may more comprehensively be called, free ex changes, rests on the great principle of jus tice. Every individual has the right to use bis labor in the manner most to bis own adr vantage, provided be violates the right of no other person. Individuals cannot enjoy this right effectually unless they arc permit ted to exchange the fruits of their labor to the best advantage. Government, therefore, has no right to interfere by protective or prohibitory duties, and compel one portion of the community to exchange the fruits of their industry, their products, with another class of the community on less advantage ous terms than they could, exchange them with foreigners. For instance, government cannot rightfully, by protective duties, com pel the wheat growers of Ohio to exchange their wheat for a less value of goods manu factured in New England than they could ob tain by exchange with English manufactu rers. To do so is to commit a spoliation on the wheatgrowers ofOblo for the benefit of New England manufacturers. To tbe de gree that these wheat growers are compelled by such protective duties to exchange their products for a less value, to that extent a spoliation Is committed upon them. PROTECTION INTERFERES WITH THE RIGHT OP LABOR. One of tbo lending purposes for which government is constituted is the protection of property. The only property which a large portion, perhaps a majority, of tbo people of every government possess Is the product of their own labor. The right of labor is tbe great property right of every so ciety. This sacred property right of labor can only bo lully enjoyed by freedom of ex changes. If this freedom of exchanges is interfered with by government, not for,fiscal purposcs.but for alleged industrial purposes, to give a monopoly to certain forms of indus try, then a blow is struck at the rights of labor. If there be any right In this country which this government should respect, it should be the right of labor. Any legisla tion against this right, by which it is in any degree injured or abridged, is a violation of justice and the spirit of our re publican Institutions. The protective pol icy does infringe upon these rights of labor, for It diminishes the value of a large portion of tbe labor of the country by prohibiting such labor from exchanging Its products to the bust advantage. Ic Is in this iaw of justice to labor, respect for this great and only property right of the toiling mil lions that free exchange recommends itself so strongly. No industrial system can be right which reposes as Us corner-stone on a great injust ice. The protective system, as necessarily being founded on tbe idea of compulsory, in voluntary and inadequate exchanges neces sarily rests upon a great, undeniable and' startling injustice which should not bo tol erated In this ago and this country. No duty should be laid with tbc view of protecting any particular form of industry. The tariff should be considered purely as a fiscal in strumentality. The Lake Slioro and Traverse Bay Be* Cion of micUlgan. TnavEßsa Cirr, Mich., March 10. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: Presuming that the readers of the Tm- BDKEWiII be interested In gaining informa tion relating to all sections of country which are accessible from or dependent upon Chi cago as a commercial centre, I send yon a few notes of observation on that portion of the State of Michigan lying adjacent to Lake Michigan, and also of that new section so highly and favorably mentioned by Professor Wlnchell in his last report of the Grand Tiaverse Bay Region. The whole of this prosperous and promising country is a natu ral dependant on Chicago, and con easily, with the ordinary enterprise of your mer chants, be retained In trade, as any part of Illinois, within seventy-five miles of the city. Of this country the public knows but very little. There is a general impression that the whole district Is barren, and fit only for lumbering purposes. How far frem the truth such an Impression Is, Professor Win chell, late State Geologist for Michigan, clearly shows. Tet his report covers hut a small portion of tbe vast section which lies adjacent to tbe lake, and is equally advan tageous for lumber, timber, fruit, grapes, and all tbe agricultural products which have contributed so immensely to the wealth and grf-wth of your city. From Grand Haves, the western terminus of tbe Detroit & Milwaukee Railroad, to the northern limit of tbe Peninsula lying be tween Grand Traverse Bay and Lake Michi gan, is one hundred and fitty miles. Tbe whole extent of this line, from five to ten miles inland, constitutes one of the best fruit-i rowing sections ot the United States. Apples, peaches, pears and grapes thrive wonderfully. The soil ia a light sandy loom, with a strong intermixture of lime, and seems peculiarly adapted to vegetables and fruit growing, while the presence of such 'an immense body of water as Lake Michigan. and Traverse Bay tem pers tbe climate and delays 'frosts. Besides it* agricultural advantages, the country affords an inexhaostable supply of the finest timber In the world, furnishing for Chicago and, through her, tbe prairie States of tbe Great .West building and fencing ma terial, as well as fuel, to an extent equal to the demand, and at comparatively cheap rates. The lake shore Is becoming dotted with lumber mills and factories. In & few y pars a good portion of the timber will be forked up on tbe ground, saving the trans portation of an enormous quantity of waste material. Shipping to and from Chicago is convenient ana cheap, and your city will continne to reap a rich harvest which will grow into still more magnificent proportions as the enterprise of the west develops. An effort Is making to tap this section by railroads from the eastern part of the State, bnt many of these railroad schemes are life less, and tbe only ambition-shown by tbe firojectors is to secure land grants for specn atlon without due efforts to comply with the terms of the grants. Companies have been organized for ten years and secured confirmations of millions of acres, bat have failed to complete the first mile of road) and at the same time have kept tbe land out of market, so that improvements have not been made, in the way of settlement, as rapidly as they would otherwise .have been. Fifteen or twenty thousand cords of wood are annually sent from Traverse to Chicago, and the quantity is increasing rapidly. | Bat the amount of timber exported is not a'tithe of thst destroyed by farmers in clearing their farms. It is slashed and thrown down in incredible quantities and consigned to the Oamca. In fhet, tbe timber is ah iacam brancc, which costs tbe farmer more to rid himself of than to purchase improved lands in some , old sections, » The value of farms’ -is not estimated entirely upon their productive capacity, bat the number of acres cleared and the cost of clearing per acre. Little or no pains Is taken to save the ashes, bat the farmers generally prefer to leave them on the grounaos h fer tilizer, by which ills conceived more issaved than there would be wero the ashes manu factured or exported. > Another great recommendation of the Tra verse Gay country is its extreme healthiness. Probably no spot on the, continent is freer from predisposing causes-of disease.) Our air is bracing and invigorating, and the wa ter the purest in tho world, and the scenery about tho Bay as delightful as any in the Northwest. Tho Bay is but twenty-four hours’ride from Chicago, and offers t as at tractive inducements to the searchers after health and summer recreation as the heart of a weary denizen of a crowd ed city could wish. The Straits of Mackinaw do not possess a tithe of the attractions forsnmmer residence as Traverse Bay, and in a few years the citi zens of Chicago will as gladly rush to her crystal waters and health inspiring climate as ever the devoters of iasbion gathered at Nahant or swallowed tbe odious waters of Saratoga. The country isnownewand uncultivated, bnt it possesses elements of wealth and beauty which will one day, and that shortly, attract tbe capitalist and tbe invalid. Already there are numerous towns about the bay which will afford the summer sojourner agreeable homes and facilities for amuse ment. Boating, fishing, banting and riding, with a reasonable intermixture of religious exercises, may even now be enjoyed by those whose tastes lead them to the Bay. L. G. WILLCOX. RASCALITY. A Swindle Exposed. PnAintß do Cuieh, March 11,16(57. To tie Editor of the Chicago Tribune: Enclosed you will find a letter signed “Alex. Van‘Wagner,” which betrays a pre cious piece of rascality. As I did not happen to belong to the class called “gulls,” 1 took the trouble to write to him without enclosing any tnlney. Since writing, I have concluded to enclose the whole thing to yon, that you may (if you think best) expose the swindle for the benefit of the public. Tours, truly, J. B. W——. VAN WAGNER’S LETTER. Thubsdat, March 7,16C7. James B. W —, Prairie dn Cblen: Dead Sm: lon will see by (be catalogue that the i Id cl yon hold has drawn a prize of *SOO. if yon will tell no one and follow my instruc tions, yon can obtain a part, or the whole, of the prize. , IWa money does not come out of my pocket, cor eves pass through my bauds, but comes to yoa direct from the Treasurer's office; ,but 1 shill expect yon to show your greenbacks to your friends and sell all tbo tickets you can for me in fituie distributions, as all tbe benefit I desire is s commission upon all tickets sold through my office. To obtain this prize money yon must hive a receipt from tbe trustees, to show that your, ticket has been paid for. To get me, write me a letter dated to-day, (Match 7), and enclose *lO for one filth, *25 jor onc-hair. or *SO for the whole, being sure to state in your letter tbe number of each Treasury note or bank bill yon send, also (o write } our name yourself upon one corner of the back of each, to avoid stxaplclon and prevent the return of jour money and order dishonored by the trustees. Be very careful what you write, os Z have to open all letters I receive before the Board of Trustees, and they, finding (ho date of your letter (I will alter the post mark) aud money correct, will send you a receipt that will secure to you the mosey your ticket baa drawn. as soon as yon receive the trustees’ receipt, you will torward your tlckrt to the Treasurer and tell blm lo what express office to send your prize money: and when yon receive the money you will deliver the trustees* receipt to the express, who will return it to tbe Treasurer, to show that the prize has been paid. □oping that yon will not betray my confidence -in yon, and that yon will sell many tickets for me, 1 am your friend, Alsx. van Waukxb. MB. W ’S REPLY. Fbaiuiz du Cheek, March 14.18(17. Alex. Yon Warner, Special Agent Jackson Benefit Association: Dear Bm:—Tour favor of the 7fh In stant, enclosing “official catalogue,” came duly to hard, and 1 had, a few dayo before, received a whole ticket In the scheme, which, il appears, has drawn a prize of SSOO. My dear sir, now can I express my heartfelt gratitude to you for your great kindness in sending me a prize nomDer! 1 do assure you, my kind friend, that 1 am very grateful. Indeed, and ft comes Just In the very “nick of time,” for 1 am jasc“etrapoed.” “dead broke,” and I have been unfortunate lust long enough to have all my friends think that 1 am going down hill, and, of coarse, yon are aware ist. to borrow of them, under such circum stances, la entirely out of tbc question. 1 would send you toe S3O lastanter if 1 bad il, or could, by any possible means, get It. But, “ where there Is a wilt, there is a way;” so, “if you will tell no one and follow my instructions,” you will yet be able to carry oat your very kina and humane Intention of giving a poor devu like myself 1500, and 1 do arsnre yon, my dear sir. that 1 will “show my greenbacks to my friends”—except those that X owe—and also sell all the ilchett that you urill hereof ter tend to me. At it la necessary to have my name “written by myself” on the back of every bank note, “toavoid suspicion.”yon will send me (SO by the return of mail, and then the rest of the programme can be carried out lost as yon wish IL As 1 must “be very carefnl what 1 write,” yon will please send me the form of a let ter to be addressed to yon, with the marked (50 enclosed. Hoping that yon will forward the SSO without delay, and “not betray my confidence m you,” “ I am your friend,” “Van Wagner's” card, as enclosed in his letter to Mr. TV ,at Prairie da Chlen, has the following on one side: Amur. Van Waqseb, Seal Estate Agen t. Colon City, Indiana. Reference* : Wentworth, Day & Co., Bankers, Chicago. 1 bird National Bank, St. Louis, Mo. Eon. Edward Fremont, Pres. O. & P. Railroad, Cincinnati, O. And the following on the reverse side: Raving been appointed Special Agent for tbe Jackson Benefit Association, 1 enclose to your address a sample ticker, and wish yoatobnyor dispose of the same. ITyon should be bo lucky as to draw a prize throne!*, my agency 1 shall expect you to sell many tickets for me, as all 1 make oat of it Is so ranch percentage noon all tickets sold through my office; so you wl.l address ALL ORDERS to me, and 1 wID pass them over to the trustees for inspection. Should yon have any doubt about the reliability of this Association or my responsibility, 1 should be most happy for you to communicate wi*h the Ecrsons lo v oom I refer; also to any Bonking louse In Cincinnati, Chicago or St. Louis. ABTEMUS WARD. Incident* of Ills Last Illncai' Death and Burial. It appears from advices received In the last mail from England that Artemns Ward was insensible at the time of his death, and bad been for ten days. The last person he recog nized was Captain Britton, whom he had named the Ancient Mariner, and whose at tention and devotion bad won the love and affection of Artemns. The Morning Star had the following editorial, and all of the dallies had sympathetic notices: “ Wo deeply regret to have to announce tbs pre mature death of Mr.Cbarles Browne,better kno vn as Ariemus Warn. The death of tbu gifted young American took place at Sourhamoton. shortly af ter fonr o’clock yesterday. A tew months a*o Ar temns Ward came lor the first time to Uni "coun try, where his celebrity os a hnmon-t had long preceded Mm. lie came m broken health, and. Indeed, with the ebadow of death on him. Thackeray, in one of his melan choly. humorous poems, speaks of one who ‘made your laughter while his own heart hied.’ The line might have been filly written for poor Artemns Ward. Hla rare and racy humor maae London audiences ianeh to ecatscy, while bis own failing lungs and sinking spirits were foretelling his early doom. His lectures were wonderfully successful in London. Theirshrewd ness, their sense, thelrwisdorr, and wit, blended with the indescribably bnmorons manner of the lecturer, wakened np London lor a season, and Artemns Ward was the fashion of the hour. But Artemns Ward was dying, and of late knew that be was dying, lie broke down In one or two of his lectures, and at last h*d to give np altogether He removed to one ot the Channel Islands, vainly seeking health, fhence, deluded by a deceitful appearance of reinrnibg strength, he came to Southampton, and there yesterday he died. He was only in bis thiriy-tfilrd year. He bad made many w aim friends In England, and bis grave, if It be ong here, will not be unnoticed or soon for gotten by the English public.” The London correspondent of the New lork Tima writes: * Tbe Savage Club, of which Mr. Browne was an honorary member, met yesterday to make arrangements for his burial at Ken sail.grcen Cemetery, on the western borders of the metropolis, with Thackeray and John Leech, and many more of the children of genius. For a long time no American has bad more general and hearty recog nition than the departed humorist. He wrote lor Punch, though upon this new ground he was scarcely at home in Its' columns. When be opened at Egyptian' Hull the press warmly greetedond strongly supported him. 1 saw him oa New Tear’s Eve, a bitter cold night, with (be streets like gloss, and tbe hones scarcely able to stand. He was pale, hollow-chested, with a frequent cough and a sad lose tm kis voice. even when be drew from hi* salience roam of laughter. ~, ; “ Ihe Savage Club is not one of the l*xu tlona abd aiisiocratie Fall Mall affaire* full of plate class and liveried flunkies. It .is an old frsbicned London Club, such as Jobn son and Goldunitk loved. It I* held ins plain room of a tavern in Henrietta street. Covent Garden, and its eonn'rat meet aronnd a long table, strewed with long clay pipes, to crack their Jokes and drink their gin tod dles or ale ont of tbc pewter. Halliday and Robcrfron, and Groton, and others of the clcvcicst of the London periodical writers and dramatists, froqncnt the Savage, or, as it is eomelunes called, tbc Vagabond Club, and here they welcomed the Yankee humorist, to whom they now sadly pay the last tribute of affection and respect.” “For several days before bis death Mr. Growne was aware of Its approach. He calmly settled his afiairs, made his will, and prepared for tbe event be did not dread. He has left tbe bnlk of his property to bis mother during her lile, when it Is to revert to Horace Greeley, In trust to found an asy lum for decayed printers. His library, left to him by bis uncle, Calvin Browne, be wills * to tbe best boy In the school of bis native village, Waterford, Maine.* His page is to be put two years to the best printer In America. *to learn the valne of learning,* and then sent to college. The barial to-day in Eensall-green Is but temporary, as, In ac cordance with hi* desire, nis body will be sent to America for final interment. A me morial will, however, be erected here, ifc qulescat inpace." THE DECENT SCRIMMAGES IN IRELAND. A Plain and Truthful Account of the Fenian Ruins in Ireland—Particulars of the Conflicts Between the Insur gents and the Police. The New York Tribune's Dublin corres pondence, dated March 9, gives the follow ing clear and impartial account of the recent disturbances In Ireland: Before now the Cable has, I dare say, given American- readers the main facts of the In surrectionary movement in Ireland, which commenced on Tuesday night lost, and which is in active progress up'to the time at which 1 write.. I shall add some remarks on the startling events of tbe week, and bring ont some points which do not appear promi nently in the papers, for the daily press of Dublin is anything but national in sentiment, and the provincial journals of the sonth are at present afraid to say many words which* might be construed Into expressions of sym pathy for the Insurrectionists'or encourage ments to them in their wild bat wonderfully daring enterprise.' In the first place, then, it must be admit ted that the Fenian organization rose,to its work with amazing promptitude and courage. In great numbers and with astonishing spirit the men came out at the appointed time to their various places of assembly. There they were to be supplied with' arms and led to tbe work marked ont for them. In many instances tbe arms were brought to the spot punctually. They were taken from Dublin to tbe rendezvous at the foot of the mountain in cabs and in carts and vans, in casks and boxes and crates. Hundreds of the insurgents took arms with them from their homes, together with supplies of am munition and some share of provisions. The same thing occurred elsewhere. Not withstanding the Arms Act and the habeas corpus suspension and the police vigilance, it seems that abundance of arms were stored In tbe houses ol the disaffected, and that there were several large depots of them In places unsuspected by the authorities, bnt accessible enough to those who had placed them thete. Several of tbe cases In which these supplies were brought to the ground bore the Inscription, “To the Minister at War of the Irish Republic,” a circumstances which serves to show the coolness and deliberation with which the whole thing was arranged and prepared Some miscarriages however occurred; two or three of the cartloads intended for the Dublin men 'were seized . in trojuiiu y and a couple more it was found impossible to re move without detection. These fhets con tributed much to the failure of their part of the programme, particulars of which yon will find in the papers which 1 forward to you. There is also another reason for it. The Dublin men say their leader did not pat in an appearance. He disappointed them, and that more than anything else disconcert ed their plans. I believe there can be no donbt of the fact; It is stated universally by . the Fenian party. They do not charge the man with treachery or anything of that sort, they do not know what to say or think of his absence from tbe muster, bnt at all events be was not there, ond they were thereby very much mortified, puzzled, and disap pointed. You will read of the affray at Tallaght, a place about seven miles from this city, at the loot of the Dublin Mountains. Thencws pnpers will tell you how a Fenian party, numbering a couple of hundred, lied after receiving one volley from a party of fourteen policemen, and the policemen made prison ers of sixty-three ofthem. The papers are not so careful to give the explanation of those circumstances. The facts are these : The affray took place at midnight, the Fe nians did not know the numbers opposed to them, and understood there was a party of military on the spot. Not half the Fenlsn party were armed, and a large proportion of them consisted of mere boys. It was chiefly these latter who fell into the hands of the police and the detachment of Lancers who were then coming up the road. The able and well armed men of the party, instead of making for home, went on and took part In tbc attack on Stepaside and Glencollen bar racks, in which they were successful. As to tbe affair at Drogheda, tbe facts are some what similar. At about half past twelve at night, some SOO or 900 men and boys assem bled in tbe market square of the town, and were having arms and ammunition served out to them, when the police, to tbe number of forty, appeared on the scene and poured two volleys into them. The Fenian crowd, unprepared for battle, were unable to with stand this, and they fled immediately in all directions. The police followed In pursuit and captured several. The numerous assaults on police barracks throughout the south were attended with various results. In many cases tbc barracks were taken and burnt, and the menmade prisoners. In others tbe Fenians failed to dislodge them, which is hardly surprising, seeing the advantage possessed by the police in fighting from the Inside of substantial stone buildings, the doors and windows nl which were secured by Iron bars and rail ings, and otherwise well barricaded. The fighting at the Kilmallock barracks was se vere and prolonged; the assailants were beaten off only when a reinforcement of eighty policemen came suddenly on their Hank, poured a volley into them, and then charged them with fixed bayonets. American readers will have to bear in mind, when reading of the Irish police, that they are a body very differently trained and armed from the police of other countries. They are, in pointof fact, an army of infan try, armed with the rifle and sword-bayonet, and practiced in military evolutions. As they arc all Irishmen, any courage or prow ess they have displayed In these affairi can not be set down to the credit ol the “Anglo- Saxon race.” It was Irishman against Irish man, but under very unequal conditions. The difference’ between them accounts for tbe fact that the firing of tbe police has been so mnch more effective than that of the In surgents. The armament of the latter is of a very miscellaneous character, and many of them never before fired a shot in their .lives. No imputation can be cast on the courage of the men. No better proof of that quality could be required than their going oui at all to engage In sneb a desperate business. One thing which was greatly against this movement at the ontset was the weather. The rising was commenced on Tuesday night: on Wednesday the weather “rose”,too— rose In storm and hall and snow and rain, and the night of that day was really one of tbe most severe that we have known in this country for years. Human life, if exposed to Us inclemency, could not endure it. The mountain sides on that night wonld be death to any party of men who should remain on them without shelter or some extraordinary protection in the way of clothing. ; This helped very much to break up the Dublin party, and compel them to seek their homes with all possible celerity. Of course they could not think of bringing their arms back with them, as .the roads Into town were certain to bo watched by police, and conse quently they had to abandon them. 'Large quantities have since been picked up by tbe soldiery, and sent In carts to the castle yard. Proclamation of tlie Bevolnilonary Provisional Government* The following Is the proclamation Issued by the secret leaders of the “ insurrection,” announcing the establishment of the Irish Republic under a Provisional Government: The Irish People to the World: We have angered centuries of outrage, enforced poverty and biller misery; oar rights and liber ties bftve been trampled on hy an alien aristocra cy, who, treating us as foes, usurped oar lands and drew away from our unfortunate country all mattrial riches. The real owners of the soil were removed to make room for cattle, and driven across the ocean to seek the means of living and tue political rights det.ied to them at noma, while our men of thought and action were condemned to lots of life end liberty. Bat wo never lost the memory ana hope of a national oxi-tence. We appealed in vain to the reason and sense of Jus tice of the dominant powers. , Onr mildest remonstrances were met with sneers and contempt. Oar appeals to arms were always tmsaccesslol. j Tp-day, haring no honorable altemattvolcfLwc again appeal to force as oar last resource. We accept the conditions of appeal, manfully doom ing it better to die in the struggle for freedom than to continue an existence ofa tier serfdom. All men are bom with equal rights,and in asso ciating to protect one another and share public baldens, justice demands that such associations should rest.upon a basis which maintains equal ity instead ol destroying It. , 4 Wo therefore declare that, nnahle longer to on dare the enree of monarchical government, we atm at founding a republic hosed on universal suf ware, which shall secure to all the intrinsic value of their labor. The soli of Ireland, at present In the possession °f an oligarchy, belongs loos, the Irish people, and to ns it mass be restored. We declare also m favor of absolute liberty of conscience, and tbe complete separation of Church ano State. - ; We appeal to the highest tribunal for evidence of tbe justness of oar cause. History boars testimony to tbe intensity of onrsufferiuga. and we declare, in the face of our brethren, that we intend no war agaiiat the people of England—oar war is against the aristocratic locusts, whether English or Irish, who have eaten tbe verdure of onr fields—against the aristocratic leeches who drain alike our blood and theirs. Republicans of tbe entire world, our cause la your cause: our enemy is your enemy. Let your hearts be with us. As for you. workmen oi Eng land, It is not only your hearts we wish, but your arms. Remember (he starvation and degrada tion brought to your firesides by (he oppression of labor. Remember tbe past, look well to the fntnre and avenge yourselves by giving liberty to yonr children in tbe coming straggle for human freedom. _ lICUUiU. Herewith wo proclaim tbe Irish Republic, mue Rbovuioeaz. Govxbioiebt. Xlio FltubarsH Female College, Some ill-feeling towards the Rev. I. C. Pershing, President of the Pittsburgh Fe male College, has grown out of bis expul sion of an Octoroon girl from the school. The case was Isid before the Pittsburgh Methodist Conference at Us recent session in Massillon, Ohio; but the Conference de clined to take ofllicial notice of the natter. Tbe result is that tbe laity of the church feel deeply aggrieved, and the secular papers are ventilating the matter. We copy the fel lowing account of it from the Canton (Ohio) Stpotiiory of tbe 90th Icatant: la March, ISO 6, Miss Aon K. Barrett, daughter ofO. A. and Joanna Barrett, of Pittsburgh, was received a* a pupil la toe Pittsburgh Female College. Prior to the comKOooesacot of the term, and when seek ing admission. Miss Barrett visited the col legs in company with her mother, at which time It was arranged that the girl should at tend tbe school. At this interview no *• vis ible admixture** ot African blood was dis covered by tbc President. Miss Ann, then in her sixteenth year, continued at tbe Insti tution daring one entire term, at tbe close of which she received from the President of the College tbe following certificate: “ The bearer, Ann E. Barrett, ttrended the Pitts burgh Female College lor a tens, sod always at tended diligently and lalthfollr to ererv duty. Her deportment teas excellent. “I. C. Pißsnnro.” .Upon her return to the college at the com mencement of tbe next term, she w&> re fused admittance by tbc President, who in formed her that she conid not be received again, as he had, daring the vacation,, ascer tained that she bad some African blood in her veins. FASHIONS FOE GENTLEMEN. Whit aren trill Wear—Spring Styles of Coau, Vests, Pants, Hats, Shoes and Canes—atngluh ana French Nov elties—The Cost of a Fashionable Toilette, [From the New York Evening Gazette.] As spring opens and tbe thick clothes of winter give way for those that are thinner, the gentlemen are naturally anxious to know bow to make np a fashionable toilette. The trade is opening briskly, and on fair days the larger establishments of tbc city are crowded with well formed and fine-looking gentle men, who examine tbe new styles to secure the. latest novelties. From the crown of a man’s bat to tbc sole ot his foot there is a complete change this year in the style of his dress. English fashions seem to prevail to a great extent, and we find tbe hat, tbc boot, the coat, watch-guard and cane arc’directly patterned after or imported from “ the dear old mother country.” There is better taste displayed this year in gentlemen’s dress than heretofore, with one or two slight exceptions. We are glad to notice this improvement, for tbc tendency of Americans is to run to ex tremes. COATS ANT) PANTS. The English walking sack coat, made of both rongb and smooth goods, falling grace fully to the hips, will be worn this spring upon the street as a business coat. Tbe Lon don frock coat, single and donblc-brcasted. made of English meltons, smooth faced vgoods, and cassimeres, the lapelles and col lars of medium size, will be extensively worn as a spring coatjboth for the. street and the drawing room. The favorite colorsaredaret, brown, dahlia, and the bines. Vests will be made of tbe same material as the coats, while the pants will usually be lighter. A claret colored coat and vest, with light cas slmere pants, not only makes a fashionable suit, bnt Is also In very good taste. Numbers of gentlemen are ordering these for the spring season. For an evening dress, or opera coat, the plain black swallow-taU is fashionable, with vest of the same material. Silk velvet vests are one of fashion. The tendency now is to have evening salts as plain as possible, without even a velvet col lar to tbe coat. The vests for evening wear are to be cat low, with only three buttons. Pants must be black and plain to match. There will be no facing of lapelles with silk or velvet, and save on wedding occasions the coat should be lined with black. For pants, the light cassimercs, with hair line stripes and a wide silk band, are in great demand. These are brown and white, blue and white, black and white—in fact, of all colors. Shepherd’s plaid and mixed Scotch casslmcres will be fashionable. All the stripes and plaids are exceedingly small and delicate; anything larger than this is “loud,** and not fashionable. Pants will continue to be made small In the leg, much to the satisfaction of those who are able to display more developed calves. - Spring overcoats will be made of drabs, and light mixtures, steel-mixed and brown clotbs. •' Prices this year range about the same as last for custom-made goods. A single breasted paletot, made of tricoe or pique cassimeres, can be had from twenty-seven to forty-two dollars: vests, made of cassimeres, from seven to eleven dollars; pants, from nine to twenty dollars. RAN'CT SUITS. Breakfast and smoking jackets which come to the hips, made of light cassimeres, and lined with silk, are rapidly taking the place of the long dressing gowns. Shooting coats, pants, and vests, are made of velveteen, linen dneks. and corduroy. A velveteen street or business coat la decidedly in the fashion. It is a sack or business coat. OATS ANT) CAPS. For silk hats there Is the bell crown low English hat. There is considerable crown to tho brim, and they are mnch wider than they have been for years. Low crowns are worn altogether in preference to high ones. Tbe Henrietta hat Is a droop brim, 'fancy banded, half round top felt hat, with the colors of the famous yacht inside. The Der by hat la always In demand; it has a round top and Is stiff brimmed. The Jerome, or English Walton hat—a low crowned felt stiff brimmed—will be mnch worn this spring. As a general thing cans are not in fashion, there being no call for them. The Parepa cap baa what is called a melon top, pulls over In front, and carries a droop visor. It Is made of the same cloth which gentlemen wear for their pants. In other styles of hats wc have the soft dashes. the croquets, made of soft felt, the katy dlds, Riston and Riche lieu. BOOTS ANT) SHOES. Bntton boots with box toes, and box-toed Congress boots with imitation buttons are In tbe height of the mode. It may be well to explain that tbe Pox-toe is the pointed Eng lish toe, with the Inner sole worked np at the toe of tbe shoe or boot so os to liftnp the upper leather, preserving its form and keeping It from the loot. These are all made of the best French calf-akin, and can be had from sl4 to sls Boots are made in the same manner and of tbe same material. Patent leather is ont of fashion, French calf being worn upon all occasion. It shoold be re membered that Glaze’s box-toed shoes orall kinds ore just in the height of the fashion, and will be universally worn. High-topped boots for horseback riding, made of light French calf-skin, with Glaze’s box-toe, worth twenty five dollars a pair, will be fashionable for the Central Park, the Catskills, and summer resorts. SHIRTS AND COLLARS. White linen shirts with narrow stripes of blue, black and red stitched upon the edge of the caffs, collars and each side of the central box plait of the bosom are quite fashionable. Bosoms heavily embroidered will bo worn for dress shirts, and also bosoms which arc perfectly plain, with three small islet holes for the smallest kind of diamond or pearl or gold shirt stnds. The English folded black necktie Is to be worn upon all occasions as tbe dress necktie in place of t chile. Windsor black lace ties and black grenadine ties will be worn. These last are very pretty, and for summer there can be nothing nicer. Turn down col lars with points from two ond one-fourth to three inches long will be tbe only ones worn. Long points are ont of date. A very beautiful striped necktie, from two and one third to three inches wide, stripes running lengthways and across, to be tied in a bow under the doubt find great favor this summer. White and brown linen shirts, with a linen cambric tie embroidered to match the shirt, the ties pointed with a nar row lace, are new, novel and neat. We were shown some in very pretty patterns of horse shoes, anchors, flowers, «kc. In pocket handkerchiefs we have mono grams, erests, and coats of arms worked in the corners. Wedding night shirts are made with ruf fles, and worked in colors. For the more modest they are gottcu np plain, bat made with coat sleeves. Striped and spotted linen will be worn for travelling shirts. Canes this year will consist of imported sticks, the natural wood, and are of a small size. Some have the French gilt bead, with cord and tassels attached. Black whalebone canes will not be carried. Sleeve buttons, watch guards, etc., all par take of the sporting character, and are made of oxodlzed silver and gilt metal. They are very fashionable. An Important Oraer from tlie General Land Office. (From the National Intelligencer, Starch 22.] Commissioner Wilson, of the General Land Office, has issued instructions to the Topeka, Junction City, Humboldt land offices,in Kan sas, ordering a withdrawal of lands for the Union Pacific Railroad, Southern branch, un 'der the act of July 20, 1800. The map of route filed commences at Junc tion City and runs southeasterly down the valley of the Neosho River -through Council Grove, Emporia, Hartford, Burlington, Leary, Neosho Falls, and Humboldt, termin ating at the northern boundary of the Osage Indian lands, a distance of abont one hun dred and fifty miles. The company are au thorized to continue the line to the southern boundary of the State, and thence through a § orlion of the Indian Territory to Fort mlth, Arkansas. - This withdrawal embraces all the odd sec tions within ten miles on each side of the line of route, and all the vacant lands out side of those limits, and within twenty miles of the llne-of route. The even sections within the former, or ten mile limi ts, are Increaed In price to $2.50 per acre, and are made subject to entry only under the pre emption and home stead laws, until they have been regularly offered for sa!e at the enhanced value, or doable minimum race. A Famous Frencli JBdltop Fined Fire Thousand Francs. On the 7th of March M. Emilie dc Girar din was condemned to pay a flue of 5,000 francs, without imprisonment, for his'arttcle entitled il Zes Desitnees 2^ r ouvelUt, ,, but which the Government organs altered into “Zfes Btstlnta JlnUmres." Up to the time of the judgment being given, the Liberie continued to comment freely on political affairs,, but on the oth it appeared without its usual' edito rials, and in their place and Oiling four col umns was a critique of a new Medieval come dy entitled “ Galileo.” The Zlderte refused even to publish the report of the judgment until it could take It from an official source. In reply to questions at the trial, Girardin said lie was slxt£one years of age. The President said: *‘ iau are accused of having excited to hatred and contempt of the Em peror’s Government In an article of the Lib erie. Do yon admit being the author of the article?” Girardin replied: “I do.” He said he was in the gallery when M. Konher delivered the speech which, provoked it, and which ho answered in his journal on tbe spar of tbe moment. Had be not beard it v ith his own ears it was possible it would have been less vehement. Girardin made a good, spicy snecch, which was received with laughter aud ‘applause. An International Boat Bace. The New Haven Palladiunl says that the project ol an International boat race at Paris daring the Exhibition has been favorably re ceived by boating men both at Harvard and Tale. The proposed race will be rowed in eight-oared shells, by picked crews from the English and American Universities. The Palladium says that Messrs. Bacon. Stoskopf, Blakie, and both tbe Cronnlnsbiclds, have consented to row, if the match can be ar ranged. The first two gentlemen were re spectively stroke and waist oara of the Tale University ere win 1864 and 1565. Mr. Blakie pulled stroke in the winning Harvard boat last year. One of tbe Cronninsbields was also U this boat; the other was stroke of the Harvard ■University some six or* seven years ago. There wonld be no difficulty in making °. f muscular Christians, in whose hands the honor of the coaatry would he *?*; A ®« rican scratch crew has Just beaten a picked Engl’sh one in Chine** waters. Anrore, gentlemen of Harvard and Hale. A CHEAT LAW SHIT DECIDED. The Brecklnrtds«*Lee Controversy In Kentucky, (Fromthe Lexington (Ky.) Observer and Reporter.! Bieckinridge's Administrators and Heirs m. Lee’s Executors and others, baa as been finally decided by the Coart of Appeals. - This case—in tbe length ot time of its continuance, the character of tbc coa testaota, the counsel engaged, and the cir cumstances surrounding l»—is perhaps tbe most remarkable in the history of Kentucky jurisprudence. With Us merits wa have nothing to do. In 1795, John Breckinridge and George Nicholas, perhaps the two ablest and most distinguished men in Kentucky of their day, and from whom have descended men of perhaps equal intellect, made a con tract with Joan Lee, an early and wealthy settler, for the purchase of Blackwell’s claim forever 19,000 acres of land, In what « m>w Bath County. Breckinridge and Nicholas, and perhaps others, frnned the original Iron Works Company of that Breckinridge sold to Walter Beall and Nicholas, taking a mort‘”uge; Beall and Nicholas sold to Thomas Dye Owings, taking a mortgage. Lee’s execu* tors made Breckinridge's estate pay tbe first purchase money, and Breckinridge’s heirs sued to recover from Beall’s. Nicholas’ and Owings’ estate the money thus paid. This suit was commenced in ISII, and has been constantly on docket ever since. It was originally commenced in the Federal Court in ISO 3, in which cafe the celebrated Colonel John Allen was one of the conosel. Numer ous and conflicting claims were involved In this suit. The claims of Luke Ticrmon. Elliott, Meredith, Smith and others—all finally purchased by Robert Wlckliffe, Sr, who became largely interested and to whose skill, vigor- and unyielding determination may be principally assigned the duration of tho long struggle. The most remarkable men 'of Kentucky, for three generations, have been connected with this case, either as contestants. lawyers, Judges, wit nesses, Ac. Jno. Breckinridge, George Nicho las, the two Owings. Henry Clay, Jas. Morri son (after whom Morrison College is named.) Bobt. Wlckliffe, Sr., Alfred Grayson, Jno. Allen, B. Mills, Geo. Robertson. Jos. B. Un derwood, Charles A. Wlckliffe, Jo»e oh Ca bell Breckinridge, S. S. Nicholas, Richard A. Hawes, Robert J. Breckinridge, Richard H. Chum, Jesse Bledsoe. Judge Hickey, Aaron K. Woolley, Madison C. Johnson, Richard A. Buckner. John C. Breckinridge. George B. Kiokeaa. Wm. Preston, Robert W. Wiolley. James B. Beck, James O. Har rison, Frank K. Hunt, Judge William C. Goodioe. the present Appellate - Court, and many others, many of whom are or have been distinguished in Kentucky. Few States have oa illustrious names —Kentucky none more so. Ont of this suit. In part, grew the fa mous personal controversy between Robert Wlckliffe, Sen., and Rev. Dr. Robert J. Breckinridge—that war of giants. What changes have occurred since those two great, far-sighted men, George Nicholas and John Breckinridge, to whom Kentucky owes more than she has ever understood or acknowl edged-attempted to develop the mineral wealth of the mountains of their adopted State. From fifteen States the Union has grown to twenty-seven States, some half a dozen Territories, and ten conquered Prov inces, divided into five Military Districts, From four to nearly forty millions. Three wars have been fought—the war of ISl2—the Mexican War, and the greatest civil war. perhaps, of history. What a history could be written, by writing a true history of this cause and the men connected with It. From 1795 to ISC4—what a gan over what events bridged by one law-snit.* Let Jarndyce vs. Jarndyce hide Us diminished head. And let us In Kentucky rejoice that a speedier de cision of suits can be reached under tbe sim pler and less technical and more efficient system in force now. We understand that the Court of Appeals decided substantially In favor of Breckcn ridge’s heirs. The amount involved, with Interest and costs. Is between 120.000 and 80,000. A Story of Fallen Stan. [From tne Adrian (Mich.) Expositor, March 20.1 Few persons acquainted with the orbits, sometimes dubious and eccentric, of theat rical luminaries, bnt have recollections or have seen Mrs. Frank Drew.formcrly a bright, particular star in the. profession. She was lor some years lessee of the Arch Street The atre, Philadelphia, one of the most reputable places of amusement in the country, and herself, possessed of extraordinary talents os an actress, nightly played to refined and delighted audiences in the City of Brotherly Love. Her life was a perfect ovation, and pecuniary success crowned her talent to such an extent that four years ago she was reputed to be worth la the neighborhood of a quarter of a million. She had a daughter, a beautiful child, then about thirteen years of age, who electrified beholders with her grace and skill as a daraeuse. The daily life of mother and daughter was one of luxury, extravagance, gali-ty and excitement. Bnt behind and beneath all this apparent success and happiness there was a secret which palled tbe cap of pleasure. The mo ther was a victim to tbe appetite for strong drink. The intoxication of popular ap plause, the garish glare of the footlights, the enraptured attention accorded to every step, every gesture, was not enough, and Mrs. Drew drank deeply of tbe cap which was so soon to ruin her and her daughter—ruin them body and soul. Saeilis e*i decensus Averni, and rapidly tbe wretched woman trod p*i«. soon so wedded was she to her besotted ap petite that she conid no longer retain her hold on pnbllc favor. As she descended she sank from public view, and the ever fickle populace turned from contemplation of the fallen to hail the rising star. Bnt the saddest feature of this sad tslo is the fact that the miserable mother, in her fall, drew down with her her young daugh ter, and forced her to drift to the fail of the cap of wretchedness and shame. Now at the time we write, the mother and daughter are playing an engagement, so called, at a miserable Varieties concert room which the citizens of our neighboring city of Jackson allow to pollute their midst. Here, surrounded by tbe dregs of society, themselves no better than tbe worst aboat them, these two eke out a miserable sub sistence. Bloated by intemperance, dissipa tion and licentiousness, for tbe crime of i drunkenness rarely goes alone, and disfigur ed almost beyond recognition, it seems os though liquor had done its worst with this wretched couple, that from the topmost round of tbe ladder ot professional fame, these two, who so lately delighted audiences of the best society, bad fallen to the utter most depths of degradation. Bnt if there la a lower depth than this assuredly they will find it. lit the ruin* which liquor brings there is no half way stopping place. nines* ofthe Prince Imperial of France. [Paris Correspondence (March 8) of the New York Herald.) The little Prince Is unwell and has been in bed all the .week.. The utmost care has been taken to keep hia malady a secret, and the fubllc knows nothing about it. The details am about to mention, and npon which you may entirely rely, I learned by the merest accident from an eminent medical man quite unconnected with newspapers. A few days ago he bad a pain in his thigh, accompanied by swelling. The tumor was probed and pus came • out of it. At 3 o’clock on Tuesday last an operation of a paioful char acter was performed by Dr. Barthez. The poor lad’s life is, I believe, in no immediate •daflger; bnt the symptoms reveal a bad con stitution. owing, probably, to a hereditary taint. Of coarse, however, it would be trea son to hint that at court, where great pains are taken to Inculcate the belief that the ill ness is owing to severe gymnastic exercises and too mnch study. My informant tells me that in order to keep from the public any suspicion of the true nature of the disease of the heir apparent, the court physicians have invented a name which does not describe it with scientific accuracy. They call it eoz • aJgie. " A Duel in Louisiana. The Tensas (La.) Gazette has an account of a singular duel fought near St- Joseph, la that parish, which originated in a atlll more singular quarrel. One gentleman said he had hilled sixteen robins before breakfast; another doubted the assertion. A challenge followed and was accepted. The levee was the spot selected for the encounter, the weapons double barrel guns, the distance very short, and the hour half-past 7 p. m. The evening was a dark and stormy one, lit np with occasional flashes ot lightning, and lanterns had to be used toedablctbe parties to see each other. At the word, one cn*y of the parlies fired, whereupon the other, dropping his gun, rushed at his antag onist with the intention of settling the dif ficulty in a regular Morrissey style of fist and skull. His appearance is said, by the Gazette , to have been terrific, as he shouted: “Now, d—nyon, I suppose you are satisfied; I can whip you, and am going to do It,” fJr he stands six feet high, and is stoutly and powerfully made, whilst his opponent is a very small man. Theseconds interfered with might and main, and the affair was finally and amicably adjusted. Tbe Eqnal Suffrage .VXovement In Oblo* The Cleveland Leader says: ‘‘The pros pects of the Equal Suffrage Amendment in the Ohio Legislature are steadily Improving witlr discussion, and someot its friends are sanguine of its passage before the Legisla ture adjourns. It is raid that the Republi cans in the House of Representatives who voted against it, have now' determined, should the Senate resolution pass that body, to support it when it comes to tbe House. The result in the Senate, however, is very dcnbtfnl. Twenty-three votes are requisite for its passage, and the Republicans have bnt twenty-four, one of whom has declared against the bill, and two or three others of whom are understood to oppose It. Still we are not without hope. The debate on Thurs day shows that the Union party Is becoming more and more a unit on the question, ana there is some hope that the gentlemen who destroy its unity will yet tall into line. The leaven is working. Even if the Democrats aided by a few weak-kneed Republicans suc ceed In staving off the measure, tbe victory will be a Pyrrhic one, a forerunner and! forebodcrof defeat.” Tbe Amalgamation of Races. Some daya ago, a well dressed lady, with a little child, arrived at Louisville, Ky. end stopped at one of the first-class hotels* At tbe dinner table she sat down by the side of another lady, who recognized her as “a per son of color.” Lady No. 3 was highly indig nant, and reported lady No. I to the proprie tor of the hotel, who Informed the latter that she most leave. It was In vain that she offered to pay her bills, and comply atrlctlv with the rules of the boose; It would not do to have a • nigger” lady boarder, and she vu turned off. Now conies the sequel. Both ladles were known to another person In the house, who said No. 1 was the half-sister of No. 2, and thought Mrs. oagbtnot to be so bard upon her sister. The ladies arc mar ried, we understand, and both consider them selves highly respectable. They were born on tbe same plantation, had the same father, hot one bad a white mother while the mother of the otberwas unfortunately yellow. What a difference U does make, after all, how one happens to be born.