Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, March 30, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated March 30, 1867 Page 2
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(Htycago BAHT, XEMTEEB&Y IKB TTEEKtY. OFF ICE* Ed. 01 CWEK.9T, There are three cameras or me tezsust tmed. lit. Ever; xaermag.lor orcoi&tton iw earner*, newsmen awltnemalls.. M. Ttr tei-Wsoq-y. Monday*. Wed nesdara and Friday*, tor the mails only; ana the Wgm.r, on Thursdays, for the malls and sale at onr Counter and by newsmen. TcrtuK oftbc Cblcdaa Tribute: Dully delivered in toe city atr wee5)...:‘....« jss ** “ w ** U*er Quarter).... 3.23 Daily, te can inosertber* (per. annum, para b'«l» advance) 111.00 Tri-Weekly. (per annum,• payable In advance) 0 .00 Weekly, (pgr aasuTii. payable la advance) £.OO ty Fractional part# ot the year at the »n> rate*. tW rtnoni TBmUtlsg and ordering ore or more copies of either tbe Trl-Weetly cr Weekly odlrlon*, may retain tea per cent of the subscription price aa a commission. ' Mono to SUBSCurrra.—m omcnae the addres* ot your pipes changed. «o *1767001 delay, tn sure and specify whatedition yea tac»—Weekly, Tri-Weekly., pr Dally. Alto, KJreyourr«a»sxT&adfature address Honey, by Droit. Express. Money orders, or la Bsclsterell«Uccs.Biivbese3t&tocrrl6C. Address, TB.IBDVB CO- Chicejre, TIT. SATURDAY. MARCH 30, ISO 7. EEKEILION JUSTIFIED. TheNcw York World insists that the “right of rebellion” is one of the inherent rights of the American people, and insists, also, that the National Constitution recognizes that right. The World could not invent a more pernicious theory, nor could it have se lected a more sorry lime for its advocacy. Whether it be employed as a threat, or whether U be need as an incentive to rebel lion, the advocacy of the theory at any time would be injurious, but, at this time, doubly so. There is no truth in the proposition. This is a Government of the majority, rcstraloed only by the terms, of the Constitution. Wherever, under the Constitution, tbe ma jority may exercise a power, that majority constitutes the whole nation as effectively as if it included every person in the nation. When the Constitution declares that two thirds of the people, or of their representa tives, or three-fourths of the State Legisla tures, may do certain acts, the exercise of the power by these -two-thirds or three-fourths, is the act of tbe whole as effectually as if the minority were directly consenting thereto. Constitutions were made, not as the TTor’d says, *‘for the protection of minorities” alone, but for the protection of all. 'While the Constitution secures to the minority cer tain rightswblch may not be taken fromthem, it also secures to the majority certain rights . against the rebellion and contumacy of the minority. The question is not as the World stales it, a mere question as to the suffi ciency of the cause for rebellion, because if the right of rebellion exists at all, it leaves to those who rebel the authority to judge ’when and fur what they will rebel- The right exists, or it does not. If it exists, then any attempt to suppress it is an Invasion of vrsted rights asd is despotism. If it docs not exist, then rebellion is a crime, to be treated and punished as such. All crimes known tothelawaxetosome extent rebellion. Rebellion is a resistance to lawful author ity. Any violation of law is rebellion, either forcibly or otherwise. Rebellion Is always unlawml. Revolution may be illegal or legal, but rebellion can never be legal. Rev olution may be peaceable or it may be forci ble ; it may be accomplished by the .viola tion of existing laws, or It may be accom plished in strict accordance with existing laws. In a Government where the majority rule Is tbe constitutional law, rebellion must necessarily he the act of the minority, and it can make no difference, if the right exists, whether that minority be a large or a small ere. If the right of rebellion exists, the right la as sacicd to half a dozen ptn>oirt,.as it can possibly be to any other number. Once ad mit that Ike minority are nut bound by the will of ihc majority, and then away-goes allies, all authority, and all government. If the minority have the right to rebel ag&iiuV the law whenever thev do ur>t iike tnat i»w, then the whole fabric of popular rests up:n sand, and uny be un dermined slid thrown down at auy moment. The Rur/d states an untruth wncu it de clares that Wcasier and C.ay. “explicitly and fully acknowledged the riiriit of rebel lion a« unquestionable.” They were never gui’fy of such an absurdity. The TToriu ignores Hie word revolution, or it uses the term rebellion the significance of revolution. Toe two terms are vastly different. Toe Constitu tion of iheUuUcd itutes contemplates and provides the mean* aud presetiues tha man ner iu which, whenever the people wish, they may revolutionize the Government, by the amendment, ulteraliou orab.fiiahicg even of the ConsUtuthiD i«£ulf. It pioriJes very Ciffucutty for rehe’liotj. It authorizes and diiccts the employment of i:rce for the sup presrioaor* all rclia’riijn, both sgaln-t Na tional asd State authority, and makes the levying of war ataiust tue United Stales by ary of the people thereof, the highest of ull crimes known to human laws. The only way in which the Cumti'u'ion recognizes rebellion, is by providing 'he menus for its suppression, aud by dcclancg those engaged lu it to be traitors. The right of rcvo’uiios, being necessarily the act of the majority, may be, a? wc have said, exercised fewfui'y or unlawfully. In Countries where toe law excludes the popu lar wilj,. and fgcorca both the ruaj »ritv and of the people, rerolulim must necessarily be illegal—Un.t is against the written law of the laud. I: may fie by the force oi arms, or it may ;n»t. But under a Government like thatoi the United States, there is sever ary oec*rion fur a resort to to accompli*!: a revolution, because the majority of the people hare it iu their 3>o;rer at i.«y lime, through toe billot box, to make any change, eh tier of government or law, tt-aS nicy msr Occire. Our independence was accomplished t»y S'-tcc, because we had no civil remedy, IW might have resorted to ballot-box until •-■v-on.t.dav,ar.dourvo*e3 would have Jielthrr fleeted any boor, respected by any body. Tan’ right of rcvolu tion is inherent in all nation-; it id insepar able from the theory that all power is iu- Lerect in the people, and that the majority Lave the uower lo bi:.d and rule the minori ty, Oar fathers, who, ir«#ja the throes 01 revolution, hadcaile* a nation Into existence, did not undertake to dcay this right. Had they framed and put Into operation a Con stitution which excluded its own change or amendment, they would have compelled those that came after them, when a change wa* needed, to resort to revolution that would he illegal, axd perchance to violence. They, therefore, recognizfogtberight of rev olution to its full extent, provided for Its peaceful exercise at any time when a stated prsjrorUon of the people acting through their representatives aud Stale Legislatures might think it expedient to change the form of Government. The difference between rebellion and revo lution, rspecially under our form of Govern ment, is clear ned unmistakable. The po litical party of which ihc IVbrW is a shining 1 ight, beirir in a minority, resorted to rebel lion. The Republican party, be s ng the ma jority, suppressed that rebellion. The Re publican party, rcurefentlag the constitu tional number of the whole people, deemin'; a change in the Constitution important and necessary, have re.-:orted to the means au thorized and In the manner prescribed by that Constitution to effect amendments thereto, and thus accomplish, legally and constitutionally, the peaceful revolution contemplated by our fathers a? to happen. There is a vast difference between revolu tion by a change of the Constitution in a legal maimer, and by rebellion and armed resistance to the Gove rum-ut. Revolution If* a [constitutional right, and is inherent in all peoplt; the other is a crime which the Constitution in express terms brands as treason. Mr. Webster and Mr- Clay both admitted the inherency of the right of revolution, but both biandcd rebellion as a crime—as trea son. The TVbrW and the Democratic party stand arrayed against the inestimable and inalienable right ol‘revolution, and in sup port of red-hanoed, treasonable rebellion. TOE £IOI7US OF LABDB, The lettey of Hr. Seth Paine, which wo publish elsewhere, which we concur, and some statements of fket which we deem erroneous. It may be true, as Hr. Paine alleges, that a man cannot get employment at the Eagle Works, in this city, on the plan of eight boors per day, even where he is willing to accept one fifth less wages than on the ten-hour plan. It is also true that no mechanic is obliged to work in the Eagle shops at all. Hence our statement -that a man may work as many hours, or as few, as he pleases is correct. Thai the employer, who has expensive ma • chiuery in operation, should object to stop ping it two hours each day, and: should re fuse to do so while he can get anybody to keep it going, is perfectly natural; and the light of the employer to prefer men who will work ten. hours rather than those who will work only titrht hours, is precisely the same as the right of . the employe to prefer to work in a shop where tight hours is the standard rather than in one of ten hours. No law can possibly change these rights. The question then re solves iUtlf into this: Will the workmen be so unanimous and persevering in demanding the redaction of the standard to eight hours that tho employers cannot resist It; or, will the employers be so unanimous and perse vering in resisting it that the workmen can not force it upon them? The Eight-Hour Law will cut no Hears In the case- Some thing will, perhaps, depend upon publlo . opinion. While the demand Ismadc lor a redaction of hoars, without any redaction of wages, upon the absurd hypothesis that a ynin can and tnU do as much work in eight jrours as in ten, public opinion will be strongly on the.'slde of the employers, be* cause that side represents com&cm sense. When the workmen consent to a redaction of wages corresponding with.the reduced production, • the case will be materially changed. Mr. Paine alludes to the co-operative sys tem as a healthful reform In the relations of Labor and Capital. If any number of labor ers and capitalists, or laborers who arc also capitalists, dosuc to try the co-operative sys tem, thereto every opportunity for them to do so. • The history of co-operation in other countries shows that there la abundant en couragement to make the trial. Indeed, it has already been tried in Chicago to some extent; but whether it has had the effect to give the laborer a larger return for his work than the wagessystem, wedowot know. At all events the co operative system has done much good in England,' France, Germany and Switzerland, and there Is no reason why it should not work well here.. We cannot see-any connection, however, between it and the Eight-Hoar movement. THE NEGIJO IN SOUTHERN POIi- IXTCS. It is impossible to take up a Southern news paper or read a Southern speech, without seeing that the negro has become the • centre of attraction in Southern politics. The- ora tors and journals vie with each other and with the most radical Republicans, in the use of honied phrases toward the colored population. In fact, the Radicals are appar ently left far behind In the race; the flattery, the soft soap, the gentle persuasion come from the former slave masters—the men who sought to make perpetual slavery the foundation stene of a new Southern Government. Their love for the negro, their solicitude for his intellectual, material and polit ical welfare, find constant and affectionate expression in eloquent words. Thus, Wade Hampton in his speech to the negroes at Co lumbia, said: “Why should we not be friends? Are not yon Southern men as we arc ? Is this not your home as well os ours ? Did not this soil give birth to all of us ? And will we not all alike, when our troubles are over, sleep in the same soil in which we first drew breath !” Speaking of the abolition of slavery, heeaid'tbedcod had been done, nor did he wish to sec it re voked ; he did not believe the people of the South would remand the negro to slavery, if they had the power to do so unquestion ed. He then set forth the claims cf the Southern whites on the gratitude of the Mack man, as follows : “ Under our paternal care, from a mere handful he grew to he a mighty host. - He came to us a heathen ;we made him a Christian. Idle, vicious, savage in his own country, in ours te became' ffiduririous, gentle, civilized.” Ha faithcr declared that a stronger prejudice had always existed and still exists against the negro in the North, than is entertained iu the South, and as an instance stated that some years ago, while passing through Philadelphia, he was told that the two negroes who were with him could not ride in the same car with . him, bat ho insisted on their right to do so, and cave them the privilege against the protestations of the conductor. Thus Wade Hampton puts himself ou record ss a champion of negro equality. He asks if they arc not all Southerners together; if, when dead, the same earth wU! not cover them alike. He asserts that the negroes are Christians, are “ Industrious, gentle, civil ized.” What Abolitionist ever went further ? —what agent of the Freedmen’s Bureau ever gave the negro a better character ? Hardly a Southern newspaper now issues from the press that does not teem with such praise of the negro as we have quoted from Mr. Hampton. The Richmond Examiner of ■recent date devotes a column of editorial to “The Colored People of Virginia,” and sets ont with the declaration that “ there must be something radically wrong in the head or heart of any man who could view, without much admiration, the general demeanor of ’the colored people of this Commonwealth during and since the war.” It then goes ou with » scries of propositions, Intended to* convince the black man that theSautharn whites love and admire him to a degree that never was and never can be attaiued in the North. It asks him to remember that the North did not go to war to free him. “ The Yankees,” it asserts, “simply made use* of the Southern negro to help them out of a difficulty they had net the skill to deliver themselves from. The North, therefore, de serves no credit ior tbe act.” 2. It reminds him that he is.denied the ballot in a major ity oi the Northern States. 3. He will be dependent on the whiles of the South for employment for generations to come; while the strangers that go South will turn their backs onlfim as soon as they have used him, !.k« those terrible Freeduien’s Bureau officers who “tempted” him to work and then “cheated him oat of his wages.’’ We might multiply such extracts to al most any extent, but we deem it unneces sary. The above give a pretty fair idea of the manner in which the Southern whites 1-zvpoeC lo conduct the campaign. Hence forth the great question in Southern politic, is, TV/m) can secure the ntgro vote ? “Will you place in office these slr*ngers,”[Norihcruer»]. Csks Wade namjJtoß, “who have flocked hereto plunder what little there is left to us? Or will yon trust the mm among whom yon rave lived hereto.'©: c—.-mongst whom you mu t always live?” That*ls the ques tion wlt-i every Southern politician. If the negro can be persuaded that his old masters are his best friends after all, then the South ern while? may be able tft renew their leisa «npo*tr, at least until, os the World has srid, tbe negroes shall ccjoy for a year or two, the substantial blessings of freedom. This they regard as their last chance. If the uecruts will nut vote, for them thry must go .0 the wall. But it is certain that mere ; empty promises and professions will not de ceive the colored man, or secure his vote. These profession* will have to be embodied i in actual lawe and deeds; and the negro may regard his rights as pretty well secured, ?lcce the question is, which party in the fiouth will now do most*for film? NO SS'LIT TfiiSKTS. The example set by Wade Ham;jton and senator Dctau&sene, iu appealing to the colored people of the South to unite with the whiles iu s common struggle for politi cal fretdom, which means the election of ex-rebels lo all offices, has been followed general l ? throughout the South. The rebel presses, which as late as the first of March were boasting that the Southern people w<*ild “at least preserve their ho::oi” by -tbaluinicg from auy political action in which the blacks were equals, are uow Ailed with ;erventappeals lo the blacks lo unite with ikeir white friends, forget all distinctions of race and color, and, us citizens of u common >outb, act together as brethren and country men. Meetings arc held all over the South where whites ard Macks mingle together, and where the white orators make addresses to their Mack fellow-citizens, asking their m-les and promising them the fidelity which is peculiar to “ unstained honor.” The colored people attend these meetings in large numbers; but wc think the resolu tions adopted at a meeting in Florida indi cate pretty surely the course which the Jrtedmen will generally pursue. Those res olutions, among other things, declare: 3. That we, ns a body, will support a Union lictct; that we will t-upporC nomas for ofllce who lias ever been in the Coulederatc temce, volun tarily. 2. ‘J hat we will not split onr ticket, bat vote the «ho!e ticket. • This anti-split-licket policy will unques lio' ably be adopted by the great body of the I'rcedmen. They will vote the Union ticket *and no other. They know who their friends arc, and who have been their oppressors, and they will vote to perpetuate their own freedom by voting to lake power away from ihc rebels aud their former arbitrary rulers. PBACXXCAIj XEI^PGUANCE, The city of Chicago is now blessed with an inexhanatlblcenpplyofpurewatcr. There have been thousands who bare justified their use of ale, beer and other beverages on the ground that the water was poisonous. That excuse no longer exists, but the evil does not end there. Of what avail is the supply if it is not attainable by these who need it ? We buggeat that the temperance organizations of this city may do much for the cause they have ao strongly at heart, by mating appli cation to the City Government to put »p two or three score of hydrants at street corners and at all public places, where the public generally can obtain water to drink when it is needed. Strangers and others passing through ourslrccts, if thirsty, must enter' some house and ask for water before they can obtain it, or if they do not like to do that they most enter some saloon and slake thdr thirst with beer, ale, cobblers, juleps or other refreshing beverages. We appeal to the temperance men to insist on giving onr good pnre water a fair chance. There muy be thousands who will nrefer the water, but, from inabilityto get it, will, re sort to tbc other beverages. Let the water have a fair show. Let it be made free to those who prefer it, and in order that it be made free let there he an opportunity given for obtaining it. The expense will not he very great, but the public convenience will be much promoted. There should be a pub* lie hydrant at every fire plug, with a cap or lad.e from which the thirsty may satisfy ibclr thiist. So finch convenience exists now; and we suggest to the temperance men, as a first step in their cause, to familiar ize the public taste, so fiir as it can be done, with pure wholesome water. The Republican party of North Caro lina has taken bold of the work of recon-' strucUcnin good earnest. They have been holding a State Convention at Raleigh, which adjourned on Thursday. They took strong ground in fiivor of tho doctrine ol the Dec laration of Independence ; declared that Congress deserves the gratitude of the conn try ; cordially accepted the new reconstruc tion policy; declared for Hoe speech, the Civil Bights Bill and Impartial suffrage; paid a slowing tribute to the memory of Abraham Lincoln, and Invited the people to unite with them In behalf of the principles avowed. PUI. The Democratic State Convention ih ; Con necticut voted unanimously lu favor ofmak ing eight hours a local day for workmen, and their candidate for Governor, English, Is fun ning on that platform. The workingmen of Connecticut are, however, constantly inquir ing why English does not adopt that rule in his own factories, and why he persists iu ex torting the additional two hours of labor daily from all his. operatives. fcaf-Mr. B L. Lynch, whom General Sheri dan'has appointed Attorney General of Louisiana, in place of A. 8. Herron, removed, was elected to that office In 1804, on the same ticket with Hahn for Governor, Wells for Lieutenant Governor, and Doatie for Auditor. Under ordinary circumstances the State officers arc elected for four years; but at the time of the election of-1804 a majority of the parishes of the State were under con trol of the rebels, and the schedule of the • new Constitution provided that a State elec tion should take place-as soon as it could be held with safety in all the •parishes. In February, 1605, Mr. Hahn resigned, and Wells became Acting Governor. After the assassination of President Lincoln, ho went on to Washington and hadSeveral'iniervicws with Mr. Johnson, and returned with the programme all made out. He openly betrayed his friends and the Union party, and immediately inaugurated his treach erous policy oy turning ont every Union of fice-holder. It was agreed that if he would call an election he should be elected Gover nor, and an election was accordingly called In the fall of 1855. Wells was chosen for the full term of four years; but of course Lynch and all other Union men holding office under the election of IBG4, were dropped. Mr, Lynch is a bold, outspoken and consistent Union man. * Ho was visiting In the North at the time of the massacre of July, or it is probable he would have fallen a victim in that butchery. He returned soon after,’and although repeatedly warned and threatened, refused to leave the city. He Is a lawyer, and has practised his profession in Louisiana lor many years. His appointment to the of fice made vacant by the dismissal of his infamous predecessor, is an act of Justice, and will he received with great satisfaction by the Republicans of Louisiana. and treachery arc not at a premium in the United States Senate. Tbe President wanted Frank P. Blair, the Mis souri renegade, to go as Minister to Austria; but the Senate said “no.” He wanted Gen eral Slocum, the New York renegade, to be made Naval Officer at the port of New York; but thcSeoate said “no.” It is said that the President had positively promised the Aus trian mission to ex-Senator'Foster, hut he forgot his promise in favor of the Missouri renegade. General Slocum, It will be rc-* membered, was one of the early followers of Johnson, having run for Secretary' of State of New York on the Copperhead ticket in ISCS. He had. before the assassina tion, been loud in his professions of Republi can principles. His deliberate attempt to turn that party over to the Copperheads, aud his complete desertion of his former political friends, are not forgotten, nor arc they acts that commend him to the Senate or the people. We do not think there is a loyal man in the nation who will grieve at the discomfiture of Blair and Slocum, or pity the President In his helpless condition. We copied, a few days since, from the Troy (N. Y.) Times, an account of the “ Misfortunes of an lowa Soldier,” giving quite a romantic history of one William H. Levis, whose father, a Brigadier General from lowa, aud a man of large estates, wa* killed nt Chattanooga, and who had a brother, a Lieutenant Colonel of the T wouty fiisi lowa, killed at Auuctam, with many JuteiCcting particulars in relation to the lather, brother, and tbe “lowa Soldier.” The sad story opened tbe hearts and purses of a large number of sympathetic souls, aud Lewis has evidently hired sumptuously upon tbe products of their sympathy. Wo have the authority ol the Burlington Sentinel for saying that lowa had no Brigadier General Killed at Chattanooga ; no Brigadier by the name ofLcwis ; that the Twenty-first lowa bad no Lieutenant Colonel by that name ; and that the regiment was not in tbe bartlo ofAniictam. Very evidently a good many people lave been told by the “ Young lowa Soldier.” £57“Wc paw yesterday a New York “Price Current,” published by a broker of that city, iu which alcohol wa* quoted at $4 per gallon, with one d'.Uar aud twenty cents drawback for ccth. V.’hen wc kuo<7 that the duty on this article is $3.00 per gallon, we arc prompted lo inquire why it is that such a quotation is possible, and what becomes of the law which provides tbataleobulor wins-. Key offered below the amount of the lax per gallon-shall be considered contraband? IVhut arc tiic revenue officers of New York doing? The name of the broker to whom wc refer is at tbe service of any one author ized to Inquire. Co-op&iaUon. Lasu View. March 27. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune:* I read to-day with pleasure your article oa Co-operation, and, feeling a deep interest iu the class to which I belong, namely, tka working class, I have taken the liberty to address you a few lines, in the hope that they may be the means of drawing the at tention of the thinking portion of lha work men Of Ibis city to the great benefits operation. 1 ao not moan lo introduce co opeiatiou as a substitute for the eight hour movement, but r&ther think they eaonld go hand in hand, as they both teud to Improve the condition of the working men. Xu the West End of Loudnu, England, there Is 8 co-operative society which ha* been iu operation two years and a half, and to which I belonged. This society was com menced by ten laboring men. In tbe first piece they hired a room, and had some bills printed, i-tutlng their object aud calling oa worJdi’gmeu to join them. The restih|-of th tSr first meeting was better than anticipated, and that evening they enrolled -thirty members. They then elected a Tresident, Secretary, Treasurer and Committee, aud adapted the rules used by the Rochdale Society, aud sent them lo the Government lawyer for his sauc liun. Each share wss one sovereign (five doliarc), either paid down or in weekly in stalments ot ote shilling (twenty-five cents), ard one shilling entrance fee. Of course tee nu-ell capital they had lo begin with was not vufficicut to start a store ; so they bought a small quantity of gioeeriesqt wholesale price st: d retailed them te members, and so rapid ly did their capital and members increase mat they were able to open u store in four mriiths. The society Is now doing well and smnbcts nearly two hundred members. I wrncthh) to .-how worluugincn on what a . 'tall scale a co-operative society can be started, and. if they read your ariicle, tbej' will gee wbat great results it is capable of producing. A Lauoiung Man. Affairs at Fond ou, Wisconsin. (Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] Fond duLac, Wi-., March 27. A heavy storm of snow has covered our country ard is now. rapidly melting. Wc are anticipating something of a flood. It will be a line thing for cur lumbermen, as it will bring the rafts from the smaller streams. The lumbermen have every assurance of as profitable a season as any preceding ones. The demand will, doubtless, be greater than ever before. There will be a larger home consumption oi lumber than ever before. A large number of buildings has been erected duiiugthc past winter, and the preparations for building during the coming season arc much more extensive than ever before. Fond du Lac seems bound to carry out the prestige she already has ol being the most flourishing city in "Wisconsin. The merchants arc the only business men who carry gloomy vis ages. A more busy place cannot be found in the city than in the vicinity of the depot of the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad. The. mammoth car works are running to their utmost capacity. Four hun dred men arc constantly employed, and are turning out cars at the average rite of six box cars per day, besides building one passenger coach and one'baggage car per month. * I will not, at the present writing, give the different departments in detail, all of which-arc under the emcicnt management of Henry Hull, Esq. T. F. Strong, Esq., who ia General Superintendent of this divis ion of the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad, - is a most thoroughly cfllcicnt and successful officer. The railroad company show their appreciation ol his valuable services by re taining him for a scries of years in one of their most responsible positions. The-scries of lectures before the Young Men’s Association here closed last Saturday evening with a lecture by Henry Vincent, with whom everyone was well pleased. The best lecturers of the country have been here, and the course of lectures hasgiven the best satisfaction. Mr. Vincent spoke to the Sab bath School children at thtec p. m. of Sun day and with his usual marked success. C. General Butler at Fort Flslier. General Butler’s few words upon the Fort Fisher business have drawn out the follow ing letter; Kbw Tons, March 22,1807. Jli Dear. Gzheimz.: Apropos of the personal debate in the Uouto yesterday, permit me to tell von what Colonel Lamb of Port Fisber rebel fame, gild to me in the ofiice a few* dass since. Perhaps you may Lave heard EOtncthiug to the same cnect already, but I give It for what it is worth. Sard Colonel Lamb, almost in these words: ** lf I wore a Mend ot General Bailer, I could tell mm tacts which would prove that ne did perfectly right in not attaching Port Fisher when he . was bciorc the ptace, My battery of nineteen heavy i.uu& so commanded the land approach that not a man conbi bate lived to reach my works. It was ox.jy alter ihe navy bad, w lib oeaniifol precision, dismounted gnn after gun In regular order, (at Uw rtcond attempt,) leaving only one In place, ihst tt c attacking party dad any chance of success. Gonctfll Bntlcr baa been much abased lor not accomplbhine impossibilities.” Lamb is a modest, gentlemanly follow, and ia thorovsldy reconstruct. 1 his opinion as above given is an honest one. Years nsspectlnlly, * . P. 6.—1 doubt If von remember (be writer, but 1 bao the dlatlcgmehco honor of beta* burned out in your company on dames Hirer two years ago. WASHINGTON. Governor Morton in the Senate. Senator Wilson and his Thorough Eadicalibnii & Personal Stretch. What a Boston Abolitionist Wants. City Politics. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribane. Wafud-oxok, D. C., March 25,1867. BEKATOH MORTOX. . The new Senator from Indiana, cx-Gov ernor Morton, has at once taken a promi nent position iu the upper branch of Cou gross. It is usual lor new men'to keep in the background of that body, aud one who pushes himself forward iu the first year of his term Is iikely to ' find himself making hostility rather than friend ship. The Governor .comes to the front early ’; but, clearly, there la no self-seeking in tils advance, and,-therefore, he doesn’t encounter the usual antagonism of older members.' He was largely instrumental in shaping the Supplemental Reconstruction Bill—particularly In killing the House propo sition requiring a majority of all ihc electors for the ratification of the new State Consti tution. He has just carried tbrongh the Senate a hill for the settlement of Indiana’s militia claims—doing in a week for his State wbat It took Henderson nearly two years to do for Missouri. He succeeded, not because his claim was better than the other, but be cause he wouldn’t lake a negative answer to his application. HEJ7RT WILSON. I notice that some of the newspapers are hinting that Senator Wilson is growing very conservative—one of the Boston journals has a Washington letter intimating In pret ty broad terms that ho Is getting on the platform of Beecher’s Cleveland Convention letter. The Idea Is ridiculous and prepos ; terous. Wilson has a carious mind—won derfully chaotic, fertile and sympathetic. Everything in his mental chambers Is a jum ble, and he’s got more there then any other man in the Senate. He abounds in now ideas of his own, and has a remarkable faculty for -absorbing those of Ins associ ates. Ho is the greatest plagiarist,. in one sense, that wc have In public life. Always busy, always social, always seeking contact with others, ho bos a cer tain mental complaisance, such , a habit of acquiescing in all the views you advauce, such a catholic custom of allowing you to think aloud freely, that careless and superficial observers sometimes speak of him as a man without any fixed Ideas of his own. The A No. 1 Boston Abolitionists, who believe in not lairing anything till you can get everything, maliciously say of him that be arrays agrees with the last man he talked with. Ho Is, as I said before, strangely sympathetic, and nothing ever hinders him from . absorbing whatever of nutriment thcru is iu your views; but, underneath his seeming acquiescence and reflection, there is a very sturdy manhood of bis own—a manhood that will not let him quarrel with anybody who works to the same end he has in view, Sumner Is Intolerant toward everything and everybody not on bis platform. ’ Wilson is intojeianl toward certain fundamental ideas, but’ncvcr toward men, however misguided, iic hated rebellion, but his door would oj*cu •readily enough to-day for the most Utter honest rebel of them nil. He put Sumner in the Senate, and can show ten times as much real practical anil slavery fruit os Snmrer;«yct, now, Sumner’s homo crcan talks of his conservatism nud Beceberkro, and Sumner himself occasion ally touches him up In the Scaatc for his tenderness toward rebels. Wilson is cm pbatieally a practical man. Sit down and talk with him late into the night, and you lied him ns rich in theories and dreams as the host Puritan descendant among us; meet him under the sunlight. In committee room or Senate Chamber, aud you find him with the seal of the Practical stamped in loth broad palms. If there are three steps to be taken In any direction, a gcuiuc Boston Abolitionist won’t stir ti»l all can be cleared at one jump. Wilson is another son of man. He will insist that it is h!a right aud the nation’s high duty to take the three step*: but, if you ere too strong for him, he’ll join you heartily lu Inking one s'.ep to-day, another next month, ana the tid'd next winter. He’ll argue against yitr position all day; he’ll spend half toe nightrin unring you to come up to lbs position; but heM not quarrel with yon. Ha’s dreadful heavy as a speaker, and repeats himerif over and over again, till one Is'al n-osl nervous with listening; his idess come in ® jumble, crosswise, on lame feet, wrong end first, never clear amt Incisive, like those of Trumbull aud Fessenden; bat his e»mcstucss, his honesty of purpose, ids unselfish devotiou to high principle, hia homely good sense aud democratic confidence in the people, wi# toe Lcaict’sgyod will and make apology for whatever of coofnaion there is in idea-, and all of mal-adroitncss there is In the use (f material. 71c always knows what he’s about—being; as I’ve already &a;d, intensely practical. Look tbrongh the liberal legisla tion el the last four or five years, aud you’ll find that more of it originates with Henry V.ilson than wlthanyolher man iaCoogress. lie is not a great man in any sense, bat he works for an end, and so accomplishes twice or thrice as much as auy ol the so railed gicat statesmen. Jostuow he is dreaming of n New England in the Carolina* and Ggrrgis, in Alabama aud Mississippi; mid ull kisspeechfs arc colored with what Rurical Boston Is pleased to call tenderness toward rebels. The reml-sccc-h IntdU'jcneer even praise* him for conservatism. Yet, while he pleads that a majority of those who vole on the question should he allowed to ratify the new rebel State Constitu tions formed under the Cot'grcsrional plan of reconstruction, he Introduces a bill, assum ing that the Fourteenth Constitutional Amendment has been already adopted by the country, and enacting thereunder that suffrage shall be universal in ail the Slates. Does’ that look like conservatism? He doesn’t * hope to get favorable action on this measure at the present session, even if it lasts two weeks longer, but he will press it to a vote next winter. Mean time, he proposes to “stump” certain sec tions of the South in the interest of Repub licanism, if he cau get any help for such a campaign. lie points to Tennessee and Mis souri, aud says.we eau have ju®t such radi cal Commonwealths in ’South Carolina and Alabama, if we will. He is ns confident of resultsas though-he were twentj-fivc, in stead of fifty-live, year* of age; and, though he will retire from public lue in 1871, at the close of his present Senatorial term, after thirty-one years of political service, he is still good for as much bard work us most men of ftfrty. CITY POLITICS. The Republicans of Washington are maklngTrreparatious to thoroughly canvass the city before the charter elections come on ia June. Clnbs have been organized in every one of the seven wards, under the auspices of the Executive Committee cf the Central Association. They are comxioscd of voters without reference to race or color, and the aggregate membership is already very con siderable. Weekly meetings are held, and arrangements arc progressing fur a scries of out-door speeches in every precinct. The registration of voters Is going on in accord ance with the act of Congress, and com mittees from these clubs are doing their utmost to get the names of all Repub lican voters on the register. The whites resident in the city before the war are dis gusted with the situation, and manifest much indisposition toward being registered; and matters are taking such shape that the Republicans are very confident of carrying the city at the election. ' -Israel,' MPrHJERIA. Its Treatment. To the Editor of the Chicago TilbnnoJ - This terrible scourge which has raged al most. as an epidemic for years, past, has desolated thousands of homes all over the land, and filled them with monrnlog and anguish. A recent telegram from Columbus, Ohio, announces that It has become epi demic in the Deal and Dnmb Asylum there, and that the patients inconsequence have been sent away Irom the institution. Infec tious in itself, it is by no means unusual for all the children of the household, or of an entire neighborhood, to he carried off by it, and not unfrequejitly also a large portion of the adults, though the latter have more strength to contend against it. This disease Is almost, always accompanied with low nervous typhoid symptoms, which render it almost impossible to save a patient after It has become fully developed, every part of the system apparently sympathizing with that which was attacked. General Wash ington, the Father ol his Country, is general ly tuppesed to have fallen a victim to dip therla, though his physicians differed in opinion, some ol them pronouncing his dis case to be quinsy, which is somewhat simi lar In many of- Its symptoms, but rarely pi oves fatal. Having seen and treated some hundreds of casea'of this disease in the past five years, and believing that, though it does not yet seem to be fully understood by medical men, - It can almost always bo easily controlled in its earlier stages, the* writer considers it his duty to make known to the public the do mestic remedies which may. bo cheaply pro cured aodseecessfollj employed byany pa* rest, and which,will-in almost' ercry ca*e conquer, if applied in time, and used with proper care, 'intelligence and perseverance. ' Nothing-is more'insidious than the first approaches ot. diptheria, cod its symptoms are correspondingly obscure, particularly in very young children, .who are almost always the fiist^atwokedV.'These young victims, even wbenoltL enough to talk, cannot tell what is the matter with them,’ and, if not very closely Wjitched, the disease will have progressed too far to be arrested before its discovery, the little, ones not onfrequent ly running,, about a ‘short lime before death. They are always unable for’ some time - previous, ' frequently for days, ’to swallow either drink or food.- But this does not always attract the attention of parents. . In all where any pain or trouble about the-throat (al ways the first part to be attacked;) Is ob served, the mouth should be opened wide, the tongue pressed down with the handle oi a spoon, and every partof the hack of the throat thoroughly examined. If it Is highly inflamed ond swollen, of a bright: red color, with white or yel : owish spots or membranes on one or both sides, no time should be lost In applying the most* vigorous treatment, which m eases far advanced, should be kept up both night andday, wlthoutintcrmisslon, until every vesllgo of the disease is conr quered. Every household should keep.on hand, at least, a two-ounce vial of the tincture of muriate of Irou, which should always-he ready and accessible. Prepare a wash of equal parts of the tincture and of pure water On critical cases where instant * effect is required,* the undiluted tincture alone may be used) and with a small swab, made of a rag tied upon a stick, open the mouth, pressing down the tongue ns before with a spoon, and thorough ly swab aud wash out ail the back part of the throat behind the- tongue, rubbing the parts .covered with the membrane with some force, ia order to detach it and destroy its further growth. This should be frequently repeated, in severe cases, every half hour, or oftener, all night as well as through the day, till the progress of the disease is effectually arrested. Some obstinate cases will occa sionally hold out three or four days; the majority will yield iu less than half that time, aud the. remedy has never been known to fall, when properly and persoveringly ap plied. At the same time a saline solution of half an ounce of chlorate of potassa dis solved In half a pint of water, ehoald he kept, on baud and given to the patient, adults taking a tcospoonfal every two hours, and infants but a few drops, according to the age, to arrest any fever present. Grown persons occasionally prefer using,the wash more largely diluted with water us a gargle, still keeping up the use of the swab, and lf the case fails to yield altogether ina few days, two grains of quiniuc may be given every three hours, and a few hops chewed m the mouth, swallowing the bitter extract, sometimes washing the mouth with a decoc tion of hops steeped In water. Every head of a family who may read these directions, should lose no time in be ing provided with these cheap and effectual remedies, and in applying them without any delay upon occasion, even If a physician is also called in as soon as possible. From past experience, it Is believed that both physi cians and the public would do well to apply these remedies as directed in the cases re quired, instead of much of the ordinary practice in treatment of this terrible dis ease. Every mother should examine the throats of her children several times a week, and promptly resort to tbe Use as above di rected, upon the slightest evidence of attack. HEKK JIE?;TIOS. P*?r*onnl JUdllgence. It !s claimed that the* late lamented Sima, el Downing was not the last of the “brccdof noble bloods,” but that a revolutionary pa triot still survives in the person of James I'armer, who live* in Campbell. County, in District Number One, nee the Slate of Vir ginia. Senators Patterson, of New Hampshire, and Morrill, ot Maine, and Representatives Hooper tied Baldwin, of Massachusetts, are going to join Mr. Burleigh, the member from Dakota, In a hunting excursion In that Terri tory next June. The mysterious woman, Sirs. Perry, the recent heroine of secret service In Presiden tial politics, is the victim also of many ru mors. There is a story that Mr. Andrew Johnson’s son Robert was once engaged to lie married to her daughter; and it appears to be a plausible one. In a letter giving SSOO through a Southern .theatrical manager to the destitute of that section, Mr. Edwin Forrest is tempted to Miy : “God himself only knows the full ex t'-ni of their present sufferings-” lie exhorts i-I-reader or readers ‘‘not to question what is rrns'ttttrfonal, for charity itself fulfils the iaw.” The friends of Banks have made up enough money to clear off a mortgage on his house, and to relit and furnish It. dohu Haile, a boy of sixteen, has talked l»cni Providence to California, by the Over land R«nte, and arrived in Sau Francisco Haile and hCA* ry. Brigham Young, thirty years ago, boarded aialrotc-lln For: Pryou, and left it owing SIOO. This sum lie has just paid, which 13 strung proof either of honesty or repentance Mustapba Pasha is a great favorite ia Paris, where he spends about "SO.OrK) francs h week. He is eaid to be » polished gentie ui3ii, and accomplished man ol the world. Jet: Devls’s pltutation, with that of his brother .Toe, have been gold to a former Have of Jeffs lor $400,003, on ten years’ lea?c,' and tbcf colored man it Is said will make $•20,000 this year. Heller's first house in California made him $1,090 in gold. General David Vickers, brothcr-ia-!aw"bf General Kilpatrick, is arranging to build new railroad* In Chili. He has au exclusive right granted by the Chilian Government. General Cosmo Gordon, the senior officer of the British army, died ou the 7th ol March. He entered the service lu 1792. General, Judge, and Dick Busiecd has come out again in bra conservative char acter, and advises the freedmen of Alabama to cultivate cotton and eschew politics. New I-'nglnna Intelligence. The labor of the larger number of,.the convicts in the New Hampshire Stale Prison Ims been contracted at ninety cents per day lor the next five years. The Spragues propose to erect at Augusta, .Me., five mills as soon as may be, each run ning cue hundred thousand spindle*, making five hundred thousand, which arc several thousand more than in the whole of Lowell 1' ia calculated that each mill will increase, dlrccily or indirectly, the population ten thousand. An ingenious inventor has invented and patented a sandal which is described us very neat. Tho balf sole and heel are of wood, a tip covers the toe, another clasps the heel, aud the contrivance for fastening it In place is simple and effective. The Free Public Library of New Bedford, Massachusetts, contains about twenty thou sand boohs. The Boston Ttanteripi says that “next to George ’Washington, Alexander Hamilton bus bceu held In the highest regard for three generations. Hamilton, in Essex Comity, was named for him, one of tho largest facto ries iu Lowell bears his name, we have Ham ilton street, Hamilton place and tlamilton Bmk iu Boston, a marble bust in the Union Club House, and a granite statue In Com monwealth avenue.” Political Intelligence. Tbc Republicans of Galesburg, Illinois, have nominated L. C. Field lor Mayor; B. F. Holcomb for City Treasurer ; and' G. A. Marsh for City Marshal. M. M. DeLand, the present Mayor of .Den ver City, Colorado, is announced as a can didate for re-election. Last year he ■was elected by the “sporting fraternity,” but has made as acceptable Mayor, and this year will be supported by all classes. The nowly-fledged city of Jacksonville, 111., will bold its first municipal election roxt Monday. Tbcßcpublican Central Club met last Monday and nominated John Mstber for Mayor ; H. 0. Cassel lor Clerk ; Charles Rockwell for Street Commissioner; Ellis M. Alien for Marshal; Wm, S. English for City Attorney. These nominations are declared to be acceptable to the people, and will, with scarcely a doubt, be confirmed by a strong vote. The Republicsnsof Grand Rapids, Mich., have renominated Hon. Wilder D. Foster for Mayor, and John T. Miller for Recorder. Both of these gentlemen are now serving In the same capacity. Mr. Foster afterward declined the nomination.. Note from a mcCraclsen wlio h not tlie iricCmcbeu, Spiiiugfield, lii., March 29,1357, To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: I am not tbc author ol the letter which led to the resignation of Minister Motley. Not being, and never professing to have been, a saint, I am willing to acknowledge to numerous sins of omission and commis sion ; but ns Life’s Highway la in many, places rough, and In many others muddy, I claim that I ought not to be subjected to extra loads without Increased compensation. If there be any honor belonging to- “ George W. McCracken, of New Cork,” on. account ol bis famous letter, I do not propose to* de prive him of any part of it; If, on* the con trary, bo be entitled to a liberal share of In famy, I don’t feelinclined to assist him in disposing of that Incumbrance. I-observe that you published, on theS2d instant, an article from a paper printed in Meadvrlle, Pennsylvania, .In which my name figures quite prominently. That article was writ ten by one wJ»o baa been a bitter pareonal enesoyof mine for nearly thirteen years. Its representations, so far as they allude t» matters which, if true, would tend to out law me from respectable society, are false. 1 believe lam not much worse than tbe majority of those .who endeavor to gain s living by literary labor, and when-charged with another man’s derelictions^Tylery natu rally feel aggrieved at tbe discovery' that at tempts are being made to convict me on false •testimony, ond.ttrrt falling, to hang mo on the strength of“general average.” There appears to be a big baht for McCracken. I am not properly. In the game. But I have been pursued,* and Iceland “at bay.” My attacks and defcnccskre always made open ly. I claim the Justice which was denied to Fltz James by Roderic Dim: “jthoceh space and law tnc stojwo load, ’Ere lionr<o nesllp. or bow we bend, l et red* wo not bow, where or when. i he pi oeiing lox be tiappjd or slain." 'l am not the fox. and I respectfully ask George W. McCracken, who is said to bo a relative of Charles O’Conor, to call fur, and pay freight cborges upon, the heavy cargo from Paris which for a couple ol months has been carried upon the narrow and weak shoulders of Wm. R. McCracken. THE EIGHT—MO Ult MOVE 31KKT. Letter From Sctb Paine, Esq, Caicaoo, March 20. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune; . There are one or two points cither left out oflhe calculation, or for some reason not correctly stated in the labor and capital con troversy.; It is not practically true now, as stated iu nearly every article, editorially, in the Tribute, that every man has the right to work os he pleases, either by tbe piece or for any number of hours he chooses each day. Suppose a man applies for work at one of the lathes in the Eagle "Works Manufacturing Company. An agreement Is made at a cer tain price per day—the hours of work being ten. Suppose this mechanic comes in the morning at eight instead ot seven, and quits at five instead of six, thus, uniformly, making but eight hours each day. Does the editor of the Tribune not know that that man would be discharged so soon as his pel- Icy vas found out, and his place filled by •some one who would keep the lathe going two hours longer ? If he don’t know it, I do, and 1 know further that this is one great point, and the main point, in having the law passed making eight hours a legal day’s work. One man, nor any circle of men c&n do this. But, having ihu law, they can now unite and determine by vote of the shop whether or not work shall be commenced au hour later or stop au hour earlier. Audi oven with the law ou their side, ami a universal agreement among tbe working men,.it Is questionable whether employers will yield the point to reduce the hours of labor ortlicl'me of running their machinery, when, by doing so, they must deduce, at least, two-tenths from the productive force of their capital invested. I believe it would be the choice of employers, if left to decide upon a reduction of two hours, or an ad vance. of twenty-five per cent on wages, to permit the latter. It Isslmply a question of dollars and cents, and I am not certain but tbo balance would bo iu the employer’s favor to pay one-filth more wages aud work tcu hour*, rather thau reduce to eight hoars and deduct two-tenths from the" present rate. There arc two classes of views among me chanics. One ot these favors less hours, be cause they feel—ihe most intelligent me chanic feels—that ten hours of muscular toil gives 100 title chance, or hardly any at all, lor mental ucd epiuttml culture; and this class would gladly accept the fewer hours, with corresponding pay, taking tbe chances, as heretofore, that the law of supply and demand will regulate the priccof labor. An other class doubtless feel and think that they will have more hours for recreation, social life and rest —withau equal chauce of hav ing quite as much pay for a day’s work after the slate of thclubar market shall be adjust ed to the now order of things, as he is now getting ond the ten-hours plan. Before the war a mechanic worked in tbe Eagle Works at 51.25 to SI.SU per day; now the same men are getting $3:25 per day— considerably more than double—for the same number of hours. This is partly owing to circumstance?, besides the difference be tween currency and gold. Now, is it su<c i hat the hours of labor establish the price? By no menus. They uo more establish the rate of wages thau does gold. Both may affect It, but other circumstances mainly control. I have no doubt, bad tbe wardouc with hours ol labor as it lucrtased prices— reduced tbuu i.o eight instead of ten—tout by the law of supply and demand, coupled with the intelligent union and demands ot finplovecs, aud the corscqiu-ut yielding of <jnplo*yers, the price of labor per day, at present, would be as great us it now is. Again, iu u shop employing a large force, ph cl- work must be the exception aud uot the rule.if.Thtrelbre, It is not true that in ■dividual men can do as they please, cither as to number of hours or piece work. 1 do not know what design lies back of the Eight-Hour Law. It is quite possible the design may ne to get the hours reduced first —pet that wctl settled, aa it is now about Sunday—aud then to strike forlughcr wages —buhm'Uitg, in the meantime, to a j)ro rata reduction. If this is true, It only shows that tiie qiioetiou cl capital and Jaboris ripening up to more certain and mure decided issues. I have un doubt that the contest will go on —lbt two getting neater together, white lltev stem on the uurlHcc to be gelling fur ther opart. Competition Is war." Co-opcra

tioi. is peace. Netting abort of tiro latter will touch the case. While difficulties thick-u «.nd dutkness clouds the sky, it is well to renumber that tne darkest hour just prtcvdrs the Co-operation works splendidly iu Er.gluud and is ou the increase. Are Americans not equal to Englishmen in tins contest ? Can we not unite m produc tion as well as in govcnmici t? will not "peace ana co-opciaiion produce more In e>klit hours thau war and competition does In tcu? But there Is one more polut which has not yet been dibcusseil, or, If it has, it has es cape-: my attention. Ami this, too, is a vital point. 1 assert as a fact, and I will biles to my side the testimony of the oldest, ablest and most successful employers in this city, that net two-thirds the work is done iu any brunch of mechanical labor as the men are capable of doteg in the same number of Lours. Not only could they, If they would, do a third more just as well us not, bat they might be more saving, more careful, more profitable iu very mahy ways. They do not «oik us they might, lor Ibetclf same reason that the slave on the plantation does not. Neither th&mechanic uor slave sees'hls In terest in doing it. Interest always curries the heart.with It, and this is true with every body. If the mechanic did the best he cr-uid, it wpuld be just as well for the em ployer to pay him $4.33 per day for ten hours, as to pay him fur what he in fact does, $3.25. Now suppose the hours of labor reduced to eight instead of tcu, and then co opera tion t-boula add, a.s it certainly would, one ihird to the hourly product, then the em ployers, charging the same price for work ounces he uo«‘ docs, could afford to pay, pur day of eight hours, about $3.50, instead of $3.25, thc’prtscnt rate for tcu hears. So long as tec present system continues, men will work Jess uud less; that Is, they will accomplish less while they do work, and all the lime be trying to lessen the hours and get more wages. Why, then, shall we hesitate? I sn*ak from {ho slacd-pointof au employer, why i shall we not at once come into, uud make, an arrangement with the working man? If co-operation c&u be defended on financial grounds—and It certainly can —then surely it should be adopted I But when we rcficcct t’-at co operation draws men together, be gets oneness, and social litc, gradually re duces the distance between rich and poor, lessens tho gulf tbat separates employer ami employee, brings master and servant on a common platform, and finally ultlmates in universal brotherhood, bringing about the age of harmony, and making possible the approach of heaven and earth—when these arc all taken Into the account, there can be no doubt where interest and where duty lies. The employers of Chicago, no doubt, hon estly believe the wot king class incapable of being harmoniously brought Into co-opera tion with the employing class. Tho work htmen, with equal sincerity, believe the working class wilt nut do this. So the war goes on. What little attention, among the men, I have given to the subject, leads to the con clusion that nothing ia wanting but a trial. That a sy stem of co-operation which all cau understand cuu- be brought to bear lu thirty days, and made to do away with all Unions, and lomrone glorious Union inside instead of out, J have no doubt whatever. Such a movement would be worthy of Chicago. Such a movement would need no protec tive tariff— no governmental indorsement. Such a Union would do more for Chicago, and would place it in a more certain place of prosperity, than any and all other things p<sriblc. Such a Union would enable us to manufacture more and cheaper, while it would place Chicago in the competitive mar kets of tbe wor.d, ahead of all other cities which adopt and adhure to the present an tagonistic, hateful aud wasteful system. Setn Paine. .Terrible JCmdcrin Olarseilles, ImSalle Comity, Illinois. Marseilles, March 27. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: jl.iOn Saturday last our usually quiet town was thrown Into a great state of excitement on account of a report that a murder bad been committed. On repairing to'the spot it was found to be true. John Murphy, an Irishman and an old res- Ideht, in a lit of temporary insanity, had murdered Lis wife by knocking her down with a flat-iron and stabbing her repeatedly. Nineteen stabs- were found on her body, two of which were in the region of the heart. Whiskey was undoubtedly the cause of the crime. Murphy has always been a bad,' revengeful man, and seriously stabbed a German four years ago. A coroner’s jury was summoned, and ren dered a verdict in accordance with the above facts, whereupon the murderer was placed in the LaSalle County jail to await trial. Speculations ou the Future. The able editor of Engineering follows up a review of the more recent achievements in the arts with an outline of those which seem to be indicated os next in order. Farming must become a branch of engineering, with Its recognized professors and professional authorities, and advanced means of improve ment. Little or no waste land must be left *in England. Besides steam plowing, under drawing, sanding clay and claying saud. and sewage Irrigation, the agricultural engineer to saturate the soil with carbonaceous and nitrogenous cb ments by penetrating it with the products of the combustion of slack coal led through the land in flues. Laud will yet be made to possess almost unlimited power of production. Wo must dismiss the lumbering system of “trains” for high speed traffic, and resort to a single vehicle combining engine, tenderand 'Carriage, in which fifty passengers may go at an average rate ol sixty mtlttf &n U?ur at moderate cost, and with but forty or fifty tens of total weight in motion. (The obsUK j cle to rapid travelling on railroads at pres ent, is the great weight and unsteadiness of the vehicles, involving an enormous waste of rPowerand increase of risk at'high speed). As for goods traffic, except express freight* lnp,vWe mest go back to'and modernize water carriage, penetrating alt- parts of the coun try with a water system, of rivers and canals,. A»r steamboats of 250 tons burden. -A new class of ocean steamer* most be had, 500 to fiCOfeet long, twin-screwed, and driven at the rate of sixteen miles an hour, maklngthe Atlantic passage in an average of eight days. The only requisites wanting -to success in such steamers, aro a full Hue' with regular and frequent departures, and a profitable re duction of lares. A single ship like the Great' Eastern can never be filled up, be cause nobody wants to wait for the cud of a month or six weeks, when inferior steamers are sailing every .two or three days. ‘ In regard to motive power, thousands of readers would be astonished if it were now published irho has said tn&t the days of stcaQi arc already numbered*, and that hot air is to become the great motor (pending the subjection ol electricity to the yoke). Probably few have formed any conception of tbe immense change in building which is to follow the -recent perfecting of artificial stone. It has been exposed to every con ceivable trial, by boiling, freezing, acids and foul gases, with some lour years* practical use, and appears to be unalieiable—an al most incomparable stone, In all the artistic. forms and colors that may be desired, at a cost less than that of brick. Hydraulic elevators arc referred to as destined to sn-. pertede the use of stairs to a great exteufc, and to a vast saving of weary, slo w and un profitable toil. One of the grandest improvements that must now be imminent, is the perfection and general adaptation of the Bessemer process, for the convulsion of all kinds of iron direct from the blast iurnaco into bars and casting of steel, with mechanical treatment of what ever character in tbe melted condition. Mr. Bessemer himself has made excellent tin plate sheets, which would fold like a news, paper, one fold across another, without cracking at the corner—merely by pouring the contents of b crucible of melted steel be* Iw ecn a small pair ol rolls without any other working whatever. In warfare. tbe day of piston shot and gi> gantic guns is coming. A 20-Inch shot will bo fired from a 40-inch gun ; a shot of a ton weight, with an Initial velocity of 1,C03 feel per second from a charge 0f450 lbs, with but little greater destructive strain upon tbe mctol of the gun than in tbe old-fashioned cast iron ordnance, and with* an tfiect of ninety million foot pounds, sufficient to punch a 20-lcch hole In a good wrought Iron plate twenty-eight inches thick, and to go through any now existing Iron-clid like a wicker basket! Tnere ate (says the writer) cl car and demonstrative principles on which such guns may be constructed. In tbe field, also, great changes are before us, not only in rilles but In bullets, in which the explo sive principle is yet to be applied with all Us terrible efficiency. HECOKSTKUCTIOX. idaMi meeting of the Preedmr-n of CDarluion, S. C.—Tlio ICoui. Senti ments of tlie Colored People. "We have published the platform adopted at a great mass meeting held at Charleston, S. C., on Thursday evening, for the purpose ot acting upon a report of a committee of thirteen, appointed to draft a platform for the organization of the Union Republican porty. The meeting was called without re gard to color; but. as might have been ex pected, tbeassemblago was mainly composed oi colored people, we give below the prin di al speeches, as reported in the Charleston CourUr of Friday. At tbe conclusion of the reading of the resolutions, tbe Rev. E. J. Adams (colored) advocated, the adoption of tho report, and said: These resolutions vindicate universal suf frage, which, thank God, we are in the enjoy ment of to-day. 1 vindicate universal suf frage, first, because of’s volition. I am in favor of universal suffrage upon the ground that every man is endowed with a certain degree of volition, having the right to choose or "refuse that which is good or er»l; that he" has .the right to choose tbe God whom he will serve, and if a man may choose the God whom no wishes to serve, has he uot an equal right to choose the ruler that shall rule over him? Some aro opposed to universal suffrage on the ground that a black man is not capable of exercising that right with Judgment. But let me tell 3ou that all men may be led in stinctively to do that which Is the right, or choose the wrong. Those men who are led Instinctively to support tho liberty of the country In time of war, by placing the ballot box jd their hands, Will also be led to sap port the right in the time and hour of peace. Univercal suffrage is the only reward that con be given fcfc the long years of slavery and and disfranchisement of tho colored citizens of the United'Statcs. F. L. Cardoza,another colored member o the committee, rose to second the motion, and said: Icm sure every one present must feel with me that this is a crisis that should fill the heart of every colored man with grati tude to God, and to that noble army of hion in Congress, who have at last conferred upon u s our rights. Now, having,these rights, it becomes ns to act like wise men in securing them. And Just here, my friends, ! feel lies our peculiar uangcr. Whilst great advantages accom pany the right of suffrage, it brings with It afro great dangers and temptations, and un less v c steer our course wisely and well, what has been conferred noon ns by our friends to secure our freedom, may be the means of our destruction and perpetuate our enslavement. What then, may be asked, Is our danger? I answer, it lies la the {Mention of the Southern whites to cheat us, if possible, out of these great advan tstes, by the false pretensions of would-be friends Now Ictus examine their pretentions and claims to onririendslifp. Look at the whole psst history cfonrcountry. Wnat has been the great bone ol contention during the prat, aud led to the war that has been fought? I answer, tluveiy. What has been Che cause ol the great trouble ol the last twenty years, culminating in the -most terrible and gigan tic war that has ever defaced history ? Let hi r. Stephens, Vice President of the Confed eracy, answer. “The great corner stone of our Government,” said he, ** Is slavery.” Tnat has been our great trouble, and the cause ol our woe ; that has been the de stroyer of many noble souls and sent many a promising youth to an untimely end. And wno advocated and laid down millions ot treasure atd thousands of lives to maintain this creut wrong and oppression to our peo ple ? Who but the Southern whites, who now pretend to be our best friends, and claim our united action with them ? -And since the close of the war, during the two pa-t years, what has been the cause of all this turmoil In Congress? What has been the cause of all the trouble there ? Sim ply because onr Republican friends were out pt iroitled peaceably to secure to us the bles sings for which two hundred thousand color ed men fought and bled. ' I ask yon, men of intelligence and sense, did any of these men who now claim oar friendship bring forward apian to secure our rights? Would you, then, unite with those who have such ablack history? Rev. B. F. Randolph, a colored clergyman, was the nest speaker. He said: tVearu now as a party commencing ajesreeV, and it la for us to consider tho dangers again* t which we may have to contend. It Is well fur us to understand the channel. It would be mtas-trous lor us to run .the vessel against the breakers. We must know where the" Dresners arc, ter I tell you there ate breakers. There are men who would he our Creeds, as it has been widely said hero to-night; them are those who bate c’almtcl to he your friends, those old mas ters, if you please, who now would stand before yon and remind yon of the days ot slavery, and tell you that you mast remember their kluaness and goodness ; they will tell yon to remember your old f. lends and Ignore the stranger, but now let me say to you intro arc plans already laid by which our frleqds In Congress, by which ilu» great nedoial party which we are endcavoung to strengthen, are to be broken op by our enemies, ocst to give yon a ta«to i will read you an extract from the New York World* oneot the leading Cop perhead journals of the country. It proposes to civc Sts Southern friends some advice as to they may yet triumph. It says: “In all the-- Southern State?,' where the negro only equal to the white, the latter must secure tho control of the negro vote, or«he governed by It. They mutt choose to be horse or rider: The man agement of tho negro vole will he easy enough If the whites be m season. (I enppobO theytbiuk they have commenced in season up a r I'olumhla.) ■iLo majority ot the nccrors were fnitblul to them during tbo war, anrt if ther receive kind aad con siderate ires'ment they will be taUbful now.” Now, tbe World advised its Southern friends to use sweet words to the negro, and t hereby get bts vote. The large serpents in Africa, Just before they swallow their prey, slime them over. These preterded friends propose to allme us: they would slime and then swallow ns. [Cries of “Never, ncve-.”J Tneyseem to have swallowed one uc, ir reports from Columbia are true. A man hv the name of Nash—a traitor to his God— a cowardly dnuc to the enemies of tbe Union. Heuonld have alFhts friends, no doubt, stand nron Wado Hampton's platform, and submit to Wade Hampton. He is In favor of such men as him leading us na a par*y. Itbaabeentild-that tbe right bestowed upon us as a people will tend to antagonism. That la a false It la a mean, wire-pulling party ticket. Wcpn’poec to qnancl with no man if he does not come and aoopt this platform, but we will unite as a people only with those who will make it tbe dominant principle of our state. Slavery lias deprived you of your manhood, and though you may not bare wom visibly the galling sbacklo-of slavery, yon have worn tn« Invisible ones. Those t hackles are stricken off, and you eland as free men. As such be wise, think for tbe good of our country, and do not allow these men with (heir f-wcct words to moke you tenure your real friends. That Is the policy of Wade Hampton. The Ifadical party, who have bestowed upon us equal rights, are our true friends. Are we sp foolish, so short-sighted, or wi l we be such cowardJv dupes as to betray the great principles of the Government apd yield to each advice? [Cries of “Ntverl never!”J Then whoa those old serpents come round and want to slime, re member that they not only want to slime, hat to swallow, too. You need to watch them aud not allow them to swa-low you up. KASII’S SPEECH PKOXOUKCED A TOROERT. Mr. T. Hurley arose and requested a sus pension of criticisms upon the speech of Beverly Nash, of Columbia, stating that he bad reason to believe, from the representa tions of some gentlemen from Columbia, who were present at Us delivery, that the newspaper reports of it were incorrect, and had totally misrepresented Nash’s views; that the speech, as reported, was concocted by the proprietor of the South Carolinian. He therefore hoped that one of their own people would not be condemned by the meeting without being heard. On motion ol Rev. B. F. Randolph, the previous question was called, and tlie pre amble and resolutions constituting the plat form were nnanimously.adopted, amid great cheers. L. W.R. The following resolution was offered by S. L. Bennett and unanimously adopted: '■‘XetoltfcL, 'ibat a committee of thirteen be au thorized to take such measures n* may be deemed best to call a Ftato Convention at such time and place as the committee may designate.” -The meeting.then quietly adjourned. Proceedings of a Public meeting ma, Alabama* , [From Hie Selma Poes March 15.] Pursuant to notice, a vast concourse 0 f the people of Dallas county assernMed at Weavers Grove, in this city, ycator day after noon, at one o’clock. • The object of the meeting ‘having been stated, which was to receive th'o reporter the Committee on Resolutions, appointed at the meeting held on the Bth inj't., Mr. Williams, from said committee, reputed the following resolutions, which in committee had been unanimously-agreed ap'ju; WniBXAfl.T Experience baa demonstrated tbit PUifotnu adopted by \be politicians of me coon - try tave bad tbe effect to mUlcadand dec tire the people, and to came a wrr «blcb deluged the land mm blood, and the destruction of:«.o much life - and so much treasure, bat which finally resulted In the success of the a: ms of the Government of ;lhe United Stvcs; thert'orc, . •. ... Metciud* That It Is both the pirt of patriotism ana of duty, to rtcognizc no politico principles that ate Inconsistent with the Constitution ol the country, the Union of tbeblates, and the enforce ment of tke lavs, and that as tine Union men of the county ol Dallas, m pnVlc meeting assem bled, we ne»e pledge ourst-lves to maintain, pro tect and dtlend, iepa*ately and unitedly, these peat principles of public Iloerty and national safely, against sll enemies at borne a*;d abroad, believing that Ibcrtby peace may or ce more be re stored lotl-c country, the just rights of the peo ple. irrespective of the place or circumstance of nitib, cclor, rsco or former condition, and of the Stales reestablished, and tbo Government agalr ' placed In that condition of Justice, fraternity »ud equality, which, undir the example ard Coustltu tioii of our lathers, has solemnly bound ey ry cit izen of the United states to maintain “a more perfect Union, establish Ja*nce, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, pro mo e the cenerat welfare, and secure tbo blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity.'* 2. That we rccotrrlzc in the' Congress of the United States the ngbt as the law-making power of the Government under the Constitution, to prefcrlbe tte terms of reconstruction, and re-ad* mission of Ibc seceded Slates into the Union. A That in tbe opinion of this meeting tbe dear est end most vital Intei ests of each and every citi zen of Alabama, requires that the roaioiatlou of the Union be no loucer postponed. 4. That It is tbe ecuse of this meeting that the people ot Alabama should • promptly accept tbe plan ol restoration recently proposed oy Goc giese; and (bat as soon as practicable all thc*e who have the risht to do su will, in good falta, cMerupon the duty of Imitating for Alabama a State Government, us accoroance with the act of Conn ess providing for tbe same. 5. Th't we, citizens of Dallas County, do hereby proclaim to our fellow-citiztns throughout the entire Union a sincere purpose on oit part to heal the wounds Inflicted by the unhappy paar, ana wo take this me hod of extending to »mr fel low-dtizKLS of every Slate a cordial am hearty In vrtahett to come ana settle In oar nlti-t, a&nrizg them in the name ot everything toat is sacred, that they shall be received and treated as fri.nas, and as citizens ofa common country. 6. Thai a copy of these resolutions bo sent to tbe Governor or Alabama, also, a copy to each nt the departments of our Government at Washing ton City. After a few remarks in favor of the resolu tions, they were, on motion, unanimously adopted. Proceeding* of a Public meeting In Montgomery* Alabama. (Montgomery (AIa.J Despatch (March 26) to the' f»cw York Hvrolo.) A reconßliuclion meeting was held in the Representative Chamber in this city Inst night, at which the whites and blacks frater nized. The following is tho call of the meeting; “ILc UEderslcned, who are la favor of the es tfibtl&brcect of peace ard :hc renewal of prosperi ty, invite tbelr rcLow-citlzeuu of tbe city and county of Montgomery to a public meeting iu suppoit of the follow mg mearuictf, which, in their better, will accomplish that cud: ‘•1. ’ibat tbe teqniremtuts ot tho Military Be construction Dill be heaitxly complied --nth. “2. “I hat tbe State Covet nratmr, when newly or ganized, be presented to Congress under charge of men in whom that body whi confide. • *• 3. That all men have a cordial welcome to po litical equality upon th's has!-.’* A resolution was adopted to carry oat earnestly tbe requirements of the miiitary bill. and pledgirg support in the coming elections only to men inflexibly favoring the Integrity of the United States and the vital Ity of all Ua powers—thus showing plainly that the spirit and purposes of the rebellion have been thoroughly abandoned. A resolution was also passed eulogizing tbo conduct of tlie blacks, who are entitled tc political equality ;• uud one concn.ring In the recommendation of the Huntsville Con* venlion tor a Slate Convention at the capital of tree Union men, to restore the State in ac cordance with tbc laws of Congress. The meeting was addressed by A. C. Fel der, Hosier and Semple, formerly rebel ©Ul cers, and General Wager Swayne and John C. Keffer, mainly endorsing recomtruciicn. Among the Vice Presidents were General w ager Swayne and Governor Patton. The freedmen cheered General Swayne and other speakers enthusiastically. The metimz, which was the largest and moat harmonicas since the days of secession, closed with three cheers for the old dag and the Union. GIK-4BDIN. ficmarbnble Career of a French Jottr> nalJßt and Politician. [Paris Correspondence of the New York Herald.] It Is so long since Emile de Girardin re tired from public life that most of your read ers familiar with French politics can know little of him. He is the inventor of the cheap press in Europe and made a good deal of noise during twenty years. He is the son ; cf Grncral Count A.cjandre de Girardio. ; who gave him an excellent education and started him as a journalist. Toe peculiar aptitudes of £mile soon showed themselves. No man understood better than he did how to write tor the ignorant without conde scending to be vulgar. His imagination was infiau.muble and bis head singularly cool. He had ail the boldness (and boldness, Lord Bacon says, is a chief clement in success,) which comes from an. intense faith in hinicclf. He was as regular as a sun-dial and methodic as a military en gineer. Ait excellent memory wus aided by his excellent systemof labelling and docket ing letters, newspapers and pamphlets, so that at any moment he could disinter some thing on adversary said, no matter how loeg ago, at variance with something he had written or spoken the day before. Nobody knew better how to advertise himself, or to write sensation leaders, or to lead public opinion by veering round with it. He almost divined what the next mamtcelation of tbe mind oi the fickle multitude would be. Tbe maxim "so long as thou doest well unto thyself men will praise thee,” wa- one he invatiably acted on. Whatever he did pros pered, and so for twenty-two years men pinfeed him. Contrary to French custom he married a dowerlcts beauty, Delphine Gay, whoso mother, Sopbine, died ncr after a heroine iu one of Mmc. de Slael’s novels, who on principle ran foul of tbe seventh command ment.-But de Girardin saw that she was one of the few women of her day who know bow to direct a salon. and be knew a bril liant salon wouic be about tbe best adver tisement be could have in tbc upper circles of Parisian society.- They had not been long married when the Presse, on the joint slock system, was founded, and 31. de Giratdiu, who from the finthad dlvited ills wile’s talents, engaged her to write a weekly cArorJfjue, under tbc pseudonym of Viscount de Launay. At first she was paid at toe rate ofGCOf. each ;but fhc shortly struck for 500?., and tho. shareholders thought it worth their wbile to pay her at this rate. Tbe Prcsxe began lilc as an independent pauir. Xu lsS7it formed a profitable compact with the Guizot Government, andial&tt transferred its allegiance to the Hole adminlstrstioo, one of whose members, M. do Liagday, was a sublieutenant of the chief ed.tor. ButLouls Philllppe having refused to make a peer of Count Alexandre de Girardin, his sou (who also, I believe, foresaw the storm of 1543,) became a violent opponent of tho King, uud was impeached for treason and acquitted by the House ol Peers iu June, 11547. Subse quently M. Guizot offered him lor his sup po* t SOOjCOOf, which lie had not time to take, the revolution having spoiled this little game. To the accomplishment of this revolution, however, M. de Girardin contributed more than an; other man; and when he saw it was all up with the July monarchy, he went iu the. whole hog for the Republic. lie greeted it with crieff of joy, and helped to plan the civic fetes and to set Paris danciug iu 184 S. He headed, along with Armand Marraet, tbe pilgrimage of five thousand en thusiastic citizens to tbc tomb cf Artaud Carrel, the greatest of French publicists, whom 31. de Girardin a few years bciore had killed in a duel. Here the editor of the Presse, proposed that duelling should bo made illegal by the provisional government. Oi* making this proposal he was "embraced with effusion” by the transported listeners, and thanked them from ‘‘his heart, which echo< d the sentiments of fraternity that ani mated every face.” To this sunshiny day anceedcd the broil wph General Cavalgnac, who shut up the Prase office for forty-eight Lours and sent its editor for an eqoal length of time to prison, on issuing whence 31. de Giiarain went over toPrincuLouis Bonaparte, who was called ■Lis candidate, and contributed still more to secure his return than he had done to bring about the revolution. The President was not very grateful. Ills patron, who, iu jus tice to him be it said, has- never got on by toadyism, preserved an Independent attitude through all tbo intrigues of ’4!), ’SO and ’sl, and'denounced with all bis ability tbe coup d'etat. He declared that it was wholly un justifiable, even on the ground of public safety, and that previous to it public order was only endangered by the man who swore to uphold tbe Republic and overthrew it. For this dc*Girardln was exiled ; but he did not remain long a prescript. On bis return to France he sold his Interest in the Presse and went to reside in his beautiful villa in the Champs Elyseea. which he bought for a trilling sum ana sola for more than 1,000,000 francs. Here Lis first wife died surrounded by groves of flowering shrubs and spirit mediums. The widower, while the crape was yet on bis hat. went to woo a beiutl ini German lady, the morganatic daughter of some serene highness, who bestowed on her a handsome dower. He took her to live in an exquisite hotel he had constructed in the Rue rauquet Ville, which is just now lor sale, It having, since the death of her little daughter, become distasteful to her. This child was a prodigy ot infantine wit and grace. She died iu her sixth year, the summer before last, at Biarritz, where she was sent to be tbe playmate of tbe Prince imperial. A son about twenty years old has since been broughtforward, wno accom panied M. de Girordiu into the Court of Cor rectional Police last Wednesday. Nobody had picvlously heard anything about him, and he dots not give promise of keeping up the prestige cf the house. The systematic opposition M. dc Giraid'm has recently entered on to the Imperial Gov ernment is an event which shakes confidence in the Emperor. M. de Girardin is said to feel confident that we are witnessing the beginning of the end. Hence bis hostile at titude to the actual regime which he says has had a fair trial and given proof of in capacity to meet the wants of the French nation. A Cuban Abduction Ca*c-I*ovc and He* wenge. jProm the New Orleans Crescent! On the last trio of the steamship Liberty, from tills city to*Baltimore, she touched, as usual, at the port of Havaua;and took on board., among other passengers, a middle age/, man, whose name has escaped us for tbe moment, and a little girl aged about tv.i-Ive years, named Adala Alteman. The tattle eirl, it has since been discovered, was abducted by the man who bad her in charge, who intended to take her to Europe in order to revenge himself upon the mother, by whom it is stated he had been refused In marriage. In order to make his revenge complete, tbe abductor left a letter addre.-sed to me mother ot the girl, in which, after upbraiding her for the preslstcnt refusal of Lis-baud, he disclosed his purpose of reveng ing himself by carrying her daughter oil to Europe, from which country he assured her she sbonld never return. The man knowing full well that no steamer would leave Havana for' any of the Northern ports until two weeks, after the departure of tbe Liberty; and feeling confident of his ability .to take steamer for Europe before he could be inter cepted, doubtless, thought himself aafo la making tbe fall disclosure of bis inhuman plot, that he dliln tbe letter to the mother The denouement proved however that he had only half reckoned upon the situation* The matter having been.brbucbtbefore tbe Amer ican Consul - General in Havana, that . official , Instructed the correipsndoet of the . Picaywß El Hakim, who left for New , Orleans, a, few after the discovery of the plot, upon the steamship Cuba, to uso every effort In hU power to arrest the fugitives.. Our correspondent, as soon as he lauded -in Nev^Orleans, laid the'matter before Ms;or*Bbf]oe. and that official lost no time in telegraphing to Major Chapman, of Bal timore, ashing for the arrest and detection oi the parries. Mayor Chapman replied by telegraph that the parties had left for New York two hears before the reception of Mayor Monroe's, telegram, but that ne would use every effort to secure them bsftre they could leave for Europe. Mayor Monroe, at the tugge?ticn of our correspondent, also des patched to the authorities in Kew York, and a day or two afterwards, received a reply from that city to the effect that the detec tives } ad discovered the itgitlvea in a board ing-house in the city, and that they would bo kept under surveillance .until farther instructions. - In themraninne it appears that the de tectives from Baltimore succeeded iaarresting the man and etrl In New York, and carried them back to Baltimore. From all that can bo gleaned from tho telegiams. It appears that after reaching Bal timore the man was glad enough to give up tbe girl in order to get away from the clutches of the law himself; WISCONSIN. Report ol tbe Joint Select Committee of the Legislature Appointed to Inves tigate the Charges of Corruption in Legislation in 1565 and IScC. In the Wisconsin Slate Senate on Thurs day, March 28, the following preliminary re port was presented by the Joint Select Com mittee appointed to Investigate the charges of corruption In legislation ia tbe years IS£5 and ISC6: As Car as practicable the committee have Paced tbo turners of corruption and the authorship of »be newspaper articles makhigthc mos- specific charges or insinuations of such corruption to their source. Ibuy have endeavored to follow out tbe Ucc of invtsnguhctt Indicated by tho in formation thus obtained; and, wtrile. they have unexpected)? developed tome Ce'oile In relation to ibe paw-age ol cue bill, whicn in their jndir nett ought to dc punished, they are constrained to tay that the great mass ot Uio testimony taken by tbe ccmmuiee in rulafon to Ihe subject which they w*>ie appointed to Investigate not, in the* judgme: t ofyour committee, to be published or in any mauner made public, for tbe following reasons: First- Bccauselhe testimony taken 6UU entirely to establish he trulh of the alleged corra.>t(ou tn a tingle and the committee hove i>ow oo cspectaticn of being able, to find any evidence itarwill co so. Recced. Became whfie the testimony fails ea rirdy to CilabU.-h the truth of any of Iba charges, it inciCAtbS the names of several geutioiavn jvho vcien.embers eftfe Ixgitlaluem ISGS audlMO as the kubjcctsoftloee charges, and tbe ’alsi.y of thecharges can of coarse u> ly be proved by the testimony cf the pereoug Implicated by them. • • Ibbd. Became not the characters of indi viduate, but tbe good name of tbe -la’s would be Injured by the suUfcahou of me tact that such chargee or auspicious have taken a sufficiently definite form to icdicstc the names ol members of iLc Ltpishuore •» the tubjccts of mcU charges. * • « 9 • « Itmsyberald that It can. do no bana tor the truiU to come out In full; that the pcop’c oogac to know what Ts Ihu founuatton upon which ihe rumors of corruption are based. We answer, that the truth, as far as the committee can nscer lali. ii,'h ahtady out. The rumors are oa-ed upon the auspicious aud Itirtonstioss efthu. not pro'esc to have any cctfotal knowledge of the facts, but bond or cxDvcted, or had t asplciom, that they Driest he proved by somebody. • • • « a • Tbaiialboadcempanleeare largely interested in the Icgtslailon of the tt'.tuc ta true. - Iliac choir officers and paid agents are In frcqucntattcndaace upon tbc regions ofthf in 10-ik alter ibtlr Inteieiis. Is aro orous Jaci rimtbey are anxious to (nklvate the good will of members of ibo Leg alatme, scarcely neeasto be stated :o a LegMatme, every wemborof which carries free passes on tta tailroads in bis rocket, 'lLatthey \>LJ u.-c all proper and legitimate means to sccomphihihoir purposes, is to be ex •peeled, and that they do sometimes snccensiQlly rtf 011 lo menus of doubrtnlpi opiiety, IssulUdent- Jy rhown by the coniresiun of ouc benalor upon ineCoor ot the Senate at tbc present session. But tbe details cf me testimony token by the committee would add nothing to oar knowledge oftbe management of lobby influences, and, if spread npea tho records of tola Legislature, tnough they might gratify a morbid scandal lov ing curiosity, conldVcrvo no good purpose, and, as we bare endeavored to show, might cause great injury asd injustice to the-character of mnocect perrons. • • * ♦ • • * Your committee therefore report herewith a Joint resolution rescinding so much of joint reso lution Iso. 10, A., as requires them to report the tesumcnj taken by tbe cummiito . and authorlz tt-g them to report only the testimony upon tcch tnulteta as in tbeirjudgment ouch; lobe unb illed. - (tignedl . Cror.oß Gaut, Hzxut Stxvejis. GeuiutT. Tuomr, Committee on the part of the senate. L. U. Canr, U. c. Hobart, G. ICiLßoonx, ItASDALL Wilcox, Josipn Allbx. Committee on tbe part of the Assembly. . The resolutions reported were adopted, as follows: • WnritEAP. n?e Joint select committee appoint* 6*5 ccdtrjoirt moJcticu >o. 10. A.. have report ed tfcst meek cf th'.* temcjony tafcuu by ibcaulood no: tn-laiii iLu rno:crs cf corriipnoc in tbs l»og iibluret* of l. l ts and 15CG; and V. heczas, The F»m committee fadher report It at thiy do aoi Cited to bo able to find tvidecca to sustain told rumors; and "VVnti.iAS, ibe erid committee fa.’l her report tlai much of li e tvaUniOD> taueu by iheic caonot DepuLlt-hcd wuaout dome iiJnMic-; to eom« aufu.btn* ot ibel.ceHamjcd ot ISui and Si» s arid lLe:e!ore, m ibe /iiox’iucst 01 >hu committee, i;ot to oe pnbiu-hid; therefore, J-.eeclvu f by the Sennits the Asmnoly concvrHi-tt, Thru ?o much of ealcreaoiubo'i u requires said Cf'tee to report the led-.imony iakt.ii by eald , cf mmittec. be tied lb* *sme b fauroDy re.-cfn ’ed, aio taid conm.Ul.e are hereby authorized «o re tort only the testimony which la their judgment to te publitceil; .fVucW'tf, that saia cum* SLlure all retort all the testimony retailed to ary fcubjtc; uuoa which aay toatimosy i« ie poitec. SOME COL’liTiil SCANDAL. Aa Unfmitliful Churcn Acmbcraud an • jbnliig uumUtcu of i«* quli y «.u u SvaicTi. firom the Detroit Tribune, ?.‘.are« 25.1 A Lille town, net many Hundred miles from Detroit, is at present in a fci meat over a tenons dilliculty which has recently been unearthed there, but what the result mif be lihiCttluKe will Uctcimlae. livo or three years ago, U appears, an un married daughter ut a respectable laimer, living Id the town ul‘F—, Suiavva.->se« County, uace birth to a child, aud although nil cliuit was made to ascertain the name of the lather of tne little offspring, It resulted in a Juiiurc. Suspicion rusted upon a uua w*bo bad been regarded as a worthy church member, living in the town, but no liiota could be ascertained tbit would compromise him. The child, while jet very youog, and-' deny dis..ppcrcd trum the town of F , aucl il was supposed tuat it lud been adopt* cd i-y souse ic?pcctable family. Auer tits, the go??ip rerUuvo to the affair died out and the ilUlc cownrelapscd into its usual slate of quietude. About a year qr »o al Ur the lirit-uicuiloued occurrence u second child was born ot the same mother, which resulted lu a wde spread fueling of curiosity to know more about the matter than had prevlonslv been ascertained. The atTalr was cue that a horded food fur tca-tabla talk, and if the town had been provided with a sewing circle, it could not have effused more conver sation. ‘Wno could thcfither be, wassome* tbji-glbai troubled the people mos*;. Mr. bo-und’so had been suspected, it was trne, but be was such a quiet gentleman, and such a strict church member, that uo one would for a moment.believe he,was the guilty indi vidual. The matter was fully and very free ly ennrassed by old damesandyoung dames, by old men and young men, bnt to no purpose. The second cbl'd disappeared from the neigh borhood us mvstcrlcuely os-the first, and had not the mother been Ireqncntly seen, the whole affair would doubtless Lave been for gotten. Kow comes the sequel. The children, it scone, were brought to Ibis city and left In the care of a competent person, who for a staled consideration agreed to care for them .properly until they could either be adopted by persons wanting such additions to their families or be provided with homes. The lady who undertook this responsibility, as near as we can ascertain, was given to un derstand that the children were legitimate offspring, and cared for them with the same watchfulness as if she bad beentfacirmotber. Mr. So and-so, of F—, made all the arrange ’meets with her, and agreed, to pay a certain amount per month for her trouble. This contract was faithfully carried oat until re cently.* Mr. either became short of “stumps” or was becoming tired of the ar rangement he had entered into, we do not know which. Be that as It may, the money necessary lor the support of the children was not forthcoming, and the nurse decided to kuewthe wbvs and wherefores. Occ bright day, less than one month ago, she started for the town ofF to ascertain why Mr. had failed to meet his encase ment. On her way to the town she fell in company with a couple of gentlemen from the same locality, who proved to be well ac quainted with the persou of whom she was iu search. She inquired Into his circum stances, and finally related to her newly formed acquaintances the astonishing intel ligence that she had been caring for Sir. ——’s two children. Whew! Here was some mlonnation that was little' expected. The traveller’s assured the nurse that Mr. - was an unmarried man. This made matters worse; and the more they talked abont it the more clear it became. To make a long story short, however, tbo nurse saw tbe father of the children, obtain ed from him a lull confession of bis guilt, and plenty of money to make her and the children comfortable. She then returned to Detroit, promising faithfully not to divulge the secret that haa been confided to her. The young men who had travelled with the turee shortly after their arrival home u let the cat cut of the bag,” and Mr. So-and-so, of such a congregation, waa hauled over the coals In a manner that surprised him not a little. He denied the soft impeachment like, a major, and refused to acknowledge shat he had been guilty of the charge, made against him. He found-the ‘'denial business” rather up-hill work; but stood his ground nobly. The congregation of which he was a mem ber telt outraged. He demanded a commit tee of Inquiry, and one was appointed with the distinct understanding that judgment should be suspended until theirreport should bemade. Ytsterday the committee, consisting of three good and true men of the town of ¥ , arrived in this city to pursue their investigations, and will endeavor to find tbe nurse who has the children in her charge. They appear determined to push Ihclr In quiries to the end that they may ascertain all the facts in the case. Whether they will be succesifnl remains to bo seen, wo shall endeavor to keep our readers posted in the premises.. In the meantime they will permit ns to assure them that, although wa have sui)pressed all names connected wiUr this BcaiTtialons transaction, the suiemeny^ above are facts- Improvements at Saratoga* The spirit of Improvement is m Uaratoca. and a number of projects for open imT widening and grading atrecUaro on foot, hl’csMaUoS ot which will b. carried rapid iv forward with the opening of tLe season, making the Springs much more attractive to both visitors and residents. Union avenue, one hundred, feet wide, ex tending from the village To; the lake, b already a ‘‘ fixed fact, •.portion of the llan having been graded task lali. and the whole road U under contract, wltfa * responsible P*rty, -to be * finished, bcifare the commence ment of the watering season next summer. ... Wl . 0 one ot the prettiest and moat in. Tiling drives in .the country. Clement ave o m Grcecflcld avenue to tbe Adlron ?*» la now being opened sixty the farms of William a. Qemcnt ard C. S. Lester, a distance of near ly a roue, and la to be graded. _ln condition with this,’the Adirondack Railroad Company la about excavating or grading rode on each side of toe Hack. .60 as to make a convenient crossing at the west end of Clement avenue. Another well timed Improvement bas been ordered by the Highway Committee, and will b, carried out early in the spring—tbo opening ol nn avenue between the west bounds or ihu village and tbe town ot Greenfield, to bo called .“.Waring avenue.’' A new are nue is also about to be opened, four rodi wide, aloeg the west line of tbe old race course, East Congress street to Caroline street, nearly half-a mile In length. THE LATEST HOitROE. A 3Xtm In nalaoßehcadedbyananhe, . The telegraph has announced the murder oi George Rolfe at Falmouth, Maine, by & weak-minded person named Ebeuezcr F. i> u. liama, on Sunday last. The Portland .try*** gives the tollowmg particulars of the te*ciul tragedy: It seems that Williams, who Is a minor, has been for some time laboring under aber ration ot tbe mind. He Jived here until the time of the great fire, when his disease was aggravated by losses sustained iu that me morable conflagration. After that event ne went to Falmouth, aod resided with his uncle, Mr. John Williams, until some weeks since, when (though werth some uc declared he must economise amt uuKe up his losses by the dre. Accordingly, he went to live alone, in an old building or sham j of his near the old wool pulling shop in For mouth- There he lived peacefully euoiigu (though he kept fire-arms to protect himself from robbers, he said), except that one day he raised a tiilo to his uncle who had come 'up to see him, and warned his relative off. He was not regarded as dangerous, However, borne two weeks ago Ebuuczeraeui lor a man named George Rolfe to come npaml siay with him, which Koifc did, sawing the wo w d, cooking, &c. Nothin? mrther of note transpired until Sunday morning last, when the roport ot a gun from the vicinity of the shanty was heard. The neigtbois conjectured tjat something was wrens, but dare nut go luur ktt they should be fired upon. About, uigiit fail'Williams appeared at Ins uncle’s huiisc with the horrible statement that he ‘’and killed George, and that as he Hiked after ward he bad cut off his head mid put it Lu a dish, hoc that the head was still talking.” The mad man was not credited at Hist, but finally he was secured and parties ptoeceded to the old home where thev|ibund that tho maniac’s statement was only too true. The headless corpse of Rolfe w-s laid out upon a buffalo robe In the front room, arrayed in a full suit of new and clean cloiucs, watch Williams bad evidently putupouit after cut ting off the head, as there was no blood upon tbe garments. The deed was found in an other room in a pail of water, the eyes open and lips parted, and presenting a tornbly ghastly spectacle. WilLanu evidently had been busy **iUi the body all day, washing it, dressing it, Ac.,'as it to prupa eit fur burial. Tbe axe with which tbe head was cut off was also found, dolled with blond and hair. On examination of the body a bullet hole was found in the left breast," Just over the heart.’The ball passed downward diagon ally, Ibtougb tbe back of the ruckiog chair, in which deceased was silting, and into the side of the house. The appearance of tue chair leads to tbe belle! that three shots were fired cr three cartridges used ; bat the body shows but two wounds. Evidently the u.ur derer had mounted a chair aud tired down ward at his victim. Three meta-ic cartridges were also lound on the floor. Thu deed was committed wiiha breach-loadingrftle, which the murderer bsd had constantly by imn, and was in the babit of keeping loaded. An other gun, loaded uud capped, was found In the room. Kolfe, tbo victim of this tragedy, was a simple-minded mao, single and from thirty five to forty years of age. He was, or had been, a pauper upon this city. The insanity of Williams is hereditary, his lather Laving committed suicide from the same disease. ' The lather of Ebon, Mr. Levi Williams, committed snicidc some years ago by fulling upon a sword cane. kiHicg Llmsell "at once. It would seem from this that insanity is he reditary in that branch of the family. A Kuunway Bridegroom, JFicm tbc Davenport Gazetfs, Maicu Cs.j Tcalerday, Mrs. Mary L—, whom the r->r tunes of war made a "widow three years ;>go, ; aod who bow resides in the extreme wcs:cm portion of the city, called at the Police Court and in tones of saancss solicited the advice : i os the Court aod the assistance of the po:ice ; ! in meeting onl punishment to one “ Doctor” - James Slesaenger whom she represented : as havieg trilled with her aiTecuous, ; which alter a modern ets le courtship of ]&>* ; than two menths she haa placed upon th«>— as she feared ’twould prove—an worthy Messenger. Six o’clock p. m. Mouciy • last was the time appointed when the laws would make them indeed “two souls with but a single thought, two hearts that beat os one.” Arrayed tu appro prietd atiiic, and leaning upon the arm . of the man of her choice, she soon >«a* at J the Court Bouse, but—terr.blc ealamlty— ■ ite ConoryJuoire’s ofllcewas cloeU anauiat • official hud gone home; most uulorsuaitte, i bur the disappointed Messenger sulfcrei an idea :o strike him, “ would it not be better to defer the certiuotj until th« fallowh g day ?” His companion hesitatingly consent ing, was recoded to her domicile'and bade good night. The expectant briiieLroomTaa- Jthert Into the gloom without, ami the br-ii-, that was to bare been, wont t«j—wail, prob ably to her couch, to pass a night of rest lessness and anxiety. into which, perhaps, were to be sandwicacd creams of the morrow and its joys. The morrow came, bat with it no bride groom, although such had been the promise. Sad to relate, yesterday morning, niter Laps ing a day in a staNs of great ausp>*o*e. sbe learned that sonic of the male pcr-'ixjjaa, too, are mighty uncertain, aua that her ‘•Dear Jcemo’’ was one of uat ilk. bid* domd an J disheartened, and, us it shill a(»- pear, nnauclal'j embar/asssd, she de-ired & a.e of the “powers that be” to assist hor to make the recreant “Icvycr” either rspur h»s serious breach of pr« mine o* her depleftd treasury—lor she bad about all her availiMe “cssh on hand” invested in the fluid ar.d solid cemfutls for tbe festive oeeadon, to subslamlttte which latter statement she p-o --ducca the following bill of expenses as a voucher: lad Cake ....£1.2." I Bcefctcak $ 3U Fruit Cahe 00 [ £akcd Pmlc 33 take. 23 | lea Pound Cake. Tea Cake. S 3 busies. 23 Sugar. WILC. swtcl iV) Braudy, imported. S 3 Cuioanc 1/1 BoiCJinot (Jis-.;.., 13 GiEserfrsps, Tea Crackers. Car cy Caadl-a 25 1 ‘ Cohiiioa,” huso 8V« 2J23 Apples..... 23 1 pair Cctb colored Lore (black) 53 *5.10 Id all 711.35 Invested. tVe understand an attorney who was pres ent thinking “a cusc” could be mads against the absconding lover, who Is said to Lave ?SOO In bank, took down the itjins uni the unhappy and disappointed female IciT the Court vowing ehc would have the villain published—to prevent, if possible, his play ing the agreeable to any other susceptible fair one. ’ Proposed SXanufaeiuro of Slllt in Ne» Tafia. Id a late issue of the Nevada Gcaeilt we flrd the followlrg relative to the manufac ture of silk in that State: “Wc understand a project is on foot to plant mulberry trees in this viclnltr, ui»d in troduce the culture of silk. A number o'* persons, eome of* whom have so ue knowl edge of the business they are a'routto un dertake, are to be associated together in the enterprise. They base their calculation oC success upon two or three facts. The mul berry has been crown here with entire suc cess. Tiro few that have been planted flour- Ish as if this were the home of the tree, V*'# do not know that the silk worm has bee; tried as for up In the mountains as this r California, bnt we do know that silk worn , do exceedingly well in worse climates tin this. There be no reason inf a world why silk may not be an. impost branch of Industry in this region. w should say 'that the country about i'r enc Corral ana along up as tar ns Nor;’ a Juan, in iket the whole of Bridgeport 9 fowr ship, is a splendid field for the inirod uctia of the mmoeny, and we hope that n .meet terprlsing person, if they have noi done - already, will try the experiments withoo delay.- There need fce no mom a .ruiiccul. excitement as there was thirty v Our country is a Tery different* OQC poi that in which the bilk fever sj read wit such fearlnl rapidity, when some ofuawci young. The absence ol suddea a ttnosyhcr changes in onr summer mouth 3 the ruri r of electrical discharges from, thf cloud' "n jarring thunders, renderstha* jnntrv flro able tor the life of the worm. - 3 The mulberry tree grows ear iiy and cheat ly from cuttings, like the gst pe •h j 3 a grower, yields an abundance 0 | large leuvei and la an ornamental as * ell as pro3ub ' tree. We have about ns. a vaat quantity • land fitted lor the gro*tt . ot the tree. sc, with so many Inducement 3 wc trust lb enterprise will be commeo ee q ; a earnest c altempthicthe ccltarc cl silk about Need . The silk business is sa . important one l. California. It is conM enU. believed bv a , who have £lvcn the si .pject attention, tin ; ero long tf e ahaU ha , bIE to compete oil the best silk- couStn. 30 1 the globe. Asti: mountains have evuf j !( . d the vallejt in to production, of tbe J j nest f rc p s u,l wine, whj may they nctf surpass them iu the eu uvauoD of silk 2 * Abuse of the Fxr a r«iiiiurSta rop Prlvlleg 'Mr. Randall 0/ Pennsylvania'bus made a ineffectual effc-j# . to Introduce into the Hons of Rcpresentat* . TC a a till declaring Illegal Lh use g-stamps by members of C - r . gress., Somf; of our readers may not kno 1 to what PCX',cctlon the franking swindle La been brou* ot- A Senator or Representative is no longer obliged even to write the tali-* manic car ue'which entitles him to send ins ail over y ie country without money and rri ! r, out prw e ,. He haa only to get a atamo. sr bis clcr K| hlawife, or hia little boy, may ia- Eresa it upon anything they please, onor.-able members from the distant* or golden shores of the Pacide, r.u fie .® d their foiled linen home to bo *'.thout even tbo manual labor of y:t Ting their autographs upon It. LegiM;* tors msy despatch in a siogii>honrbosbcl-- “ speeches which they never dcTivt-reJ. .» -> tons of the invaluable reports of Mr. t'r > mUsloncr Isaac Newton. Or takes ca-ci which we.called attention the other Mr. Lc Blond of Ohio retired Into private L* at the close of the XXXIXth foagrese. tug' his right to frank lasts until nest.D< cemb-.-* and so his stamp is how used for posting lo‘ ’■ ten. circulars. Issued by a Ann who have oc publicly denounced as swindlers-; and * know not to what other base uses it mi have come. Obscene publications. It Is saw. are also flooding tbe mails under Che protec tion cf members* stamps. -Mr. Rindsll quite rUht in demanding thatif onr Legul* ion choose thus to bordea mad disgrace th Peet Office, they should do \\ boldly unde toir proper signatures.