Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, April 1, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated April 1, 1867 Page 2
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Chicago Stibnnt. DHIT, TKI-W EEKLY ASD WEEKLY. OFFICE. Ho. 01 CLABK.9I. There ire three edition* of the Xiasax* HlW7ooßUJUt«torciroolation uy carrion, oewmai and the malls, id. The TeiAV**xi.t, Monday*, Wed tifiixt Friday*, for th* mall* only; and the WkxiLT,on Thoieday*. tortiic mall* and aaleatoar and by sewemen. Terns of the Chicago Tribune: Baity delivered la the «ty wr we«X)......... 90 v Sr* - - “ (per quarter).... 3,95 Dally, to call subscriber* (per amrnrn, paya ble in advance) IU.OO Trt-WeSly. (per acaoxn, payable In advance) If .0(1 Weekly, (peranum, payable la advance)..... 2,00 of ibe year at the tame rate*, tarreraon* remitting and ordering nve or more copie* of either the Tri-Weatly or Weekly editions xn*r retain tea per cent of the snbecrlpuon price a* a commission. hi ones to Btbscsip.iks.—m ordering the addres* ol your paper* changed, «o prevent delay, be sure and specify what edition yea take—Weekly, Trl-Wectly. orDaUy. Also, glveyourpraassrandfauireaddrea* Money, by Draft, Express, Money order*, orln Beglstml Letters, may be sent at our risk. Address, . TBIBDNR COm Chicago. 111. MONDAY. APRIL 1. 1507. THE ACQUISITION OF BUSSiAN AIUEBICA. The announcement of the negotiation of a treaty between the United Stales and Rus sia, by which the latter cedes all her Amer ican possessions to the United States, will be hailed with pleasure by the whole American people, and will give new vigor to the friendship which hitherto made the two nations allies under all circumstances. The United States has never had a friend among the nations of Eu rope save Russia. In peace and In war, In prosperity and distress Russia has confronted tbe nations of the world as the devoted friend of the United States. That friendship she has made practical by her magnificent cession of her vast American domain to the American Union, The territory which has thus been ceded is of about 400,000 square miles, or more than seven times as large as the State of Illinois. It contains over seventy thousand inhabi tants, and more than doubles our Pacific coast. It locks the British possessions on tbe Pacific, leaving but a comparatively small distance of coast bo* tween our present and our newly acquired possessions. The United States for the first time has her territory disconnected by foreign soil, and in order to reach the new dominion, her people must go by water, or acquire the right of way over the British possessions. Since the acquisition of Louisiana, by which tbe possession ol the Mississippi River and the vast regions now covered with organized States, no event has occurred ol such importance with regard to the extension of our bounda ries, as this acquisition of Russian America. It settles the future of. the Faclnc coast of North America. The possession of that part of the coast now in British hands is not need ed at this moment, but when the States on the Pacific shall fill up, when American en terprise shall have gathered wealth, com merce and population there, Columbia will obey tbe laws of empire, and the laws of gravitation, and be included in that continuous coast of the United States, extending from the extreme north to the Isthmus. No previous acqnistiou of territory by the United States has ever at tracted the attention in Europe that this will do. Texas was essentially an American State befbre its annexation. California was regarded as hardly worth the expense of conquering It even from leeble Mexico. But now that the United States have erected strong States upon that coast, have peopled it with her enterprising citizens, is rapidly spanning tbe Continent with her con* nccting railroads, and has already opened direct commercial intercourse by her steamers with Japan and Chino, every inch of that coast has become of priceless value, and the possession of it a matter of deep national concern. The ces sion by Russia of her possessions determines the fate -of tbe whole. It decides that the Pacific, as the Atlantic coast of this conti nent, must he under the same flag, and that European occupation shall never extend be yond its present limits, and that, obeying the laws of destiny, progress and freedom, they must eventually and rapidly pass Into the control of the one great central Ameri can power. We publish this morning a description of the newly acquired Territory, which we know will be read with interest. Its ces sion to ns at this time may have a signifi cance pointing to a conflict in Europe- The reorganization of Kingdoms and Empires in the old country which has been going on, andwblchls still progressing, may not be acquiesced in, or may become more exten sive than is yet known. The great Powers are fast strengthening themselves and preparing for the mastery. WLat may come of it onr people know not, and though their hearts arc always enlisted on the side of,humon freedom and human liberty, they have bm little concern in the relative supremacy of this or that despotism. But, gratelul for past and present friendship, the feelings of the American people will be In the future, as they bare been in the past, with Russia in alliher conflicts with other cations, where the issue Is which shall rule and dictate to the other monarchies. THE ENGLISH Uff OF Liner.. In the British House of Commons there was recently under discussion a bill modify* inn the law of libel in England and Ireland. A similar bill was introduced some years ago and was rejected by the House of Lords. In the discussion in the Commons upon the present bill there was an expres- > cion given to that spirit of “ Conservatism” which is eo immovable in' that country, and which finds so strong a support even in this country. It was conceded by all that pub lishers of newspapers are constantly be tween two opposing forces. The first is the popular demand for the news ot the day, and the other, the law of libel which forbids the publication of that news. The law of libel, it is true, permits a man to plead the trutn in justification of the publication, but as there is no newspaper worthy of Us name, that dots not every day, in some form —in the police reports, the current news, or other wise-—publish a number of state ments that are libellous, the pub lisher, in order to protect himself, is required by the law to be in readiness to prove the truth of all he prints. Anewspaper of the first class, finding in its hundred of exchanges as many paragraphs of news, if it wishes to comply with the law of libel, must prepare Itself with proof of the truth of all of these hundred paragraphs that may contain personal allusions, before it can publish cither of them. Let those who have ever engaged in a law suit estimate the cost and the trouble to which a newspaper, according to this rnlc, under the law of libel, is liable to be subjected. In this country the law of libel has made some progress toward the law of reason, but it is nevertheless clogged yet, and heavily too, with absurdities aad oppressions that have come down from re mote ages and from dates when papers were published not for the" news or information they contained, hut for the express purpose of lampooning aud libelling person.* in au thority. The character and the purpose of journalism have changed since that day, yet many of the fetters which were forged origi nally for the professional traducer, are by law enforced upon the press' of the present day. The law of England as it row stands provides that unless the plaintiff recover damages exceeding fif teen shillings, the defendant shall not be subjected to costs. In some of the States of this country a similar law prevails, the amount, however, varying. The proposed new law increases the amount qf damages necessary to entitle the plaintiff to costs, to five Bounds. This provision is intended to relieve publishers from the burden of paying enormous costs where the libel is purely technical, and where no jury, unless com pelled by the strict letter of the law, would give even a penny damages. It is intended, as was said in the debate In the House of Commons, to cut off all that aeries of suits lor libel where there Is no actual damage, but where the plaintiff, assured of a verdict on technical grounds, gratifies his revenge by subjecting publishers to enormous bills of costs. Under the English law as it stands the publisher ol a paper is responsible in a libel suit if, in publishing the proceedings of any public meeting, there be anything in any of the speeches that is libellous. The new law proposes to change this by making the person who made the speech responsible, and not the newspaper, which in the ordiaa xy publication of the news and events of the day may publish that speech. It Is hardly fair that the public should ex pect newspapers to publish reports of what may be said and done at public meetings, and then require the newspapers, under heavy .penalties, not only to prove that the speeches are made as reported, but that all they contain is true. We do not suppose that there is any branch of the law, either in nils country or in England, which has so .many inconsistencies and absurdities as the law of libel, and yet legislators approach it with fear and trembling. It may be that this can be accounted for in tbc fact that the law-making power in England has been gen erally composed of men who are professional politicians and place-holders ; these men are as a natural thing very sensitive. As hot house plants will perish if exposed to the free air of Heaven, so these men instinctively seek shelter from the nipping atmosphere of a free press, behind the strong defences of the Jaw of libel. How far this fact may ex ist in the United States wc do not know. Our readers can form their own opinion on that point. Certain it is that as a majority of men elected to the Legislatures accept their election as the first step In the long ladder reaching to the Presidency, It is bat natural | that they should feel an unwillingness to emancipate the press until they have passed 1 all dangers from its assaults. -V It is to the credit and honor of-the-Amer ican people, however, that in their notions of a tree press they are far in advance of the statute book. The freedom of . the prei*— those essential qualities which mark the dif ference between an enterprising news jour nal and the slow concerns of the past gen eration—is .'maintained to a great extent by public opinion, and in disregard and defiance of the law of libel. The English House of Commons has heretofore, and will undoubt edly again, pass a bill conforming the law of libel with the spirit of the age; will pass a bill taking from the press the technical fetters which save no' reputations, but give opportunities for the gralificaiion of mean and malicious enmities, and will, by making the press free, recognize by law that dignity and power which it holds in defiance of law in the hearts and minds of the people every where. . be WABhINO DaSKBTKBS. Among the many disgraceful deeds traced home to Andrew Johnson, none is better calculated to fill the people with indignation and disgust with the “humble individual,” than his action in the case of the West Vir ginia deserters. It seems that prior to the West Virginia election last fall, the Copper head candidate for Congress in the Second District ol that State, had a list of a hundred and ninety-three deserters from the Federal ai my made out, which he sent to President Johnson with a letter, saying that If these deserters were pardoned and restored to pay and allowances, they, would all vote the Johnson ticket. * Tom. Florence, the worst Copperhead •in Washington, laid these papers before the “ bumble individual” and negotiated the matter, re ceiving a thousand dollars as a fee forhis services. The whole batch of the deserters was promptly pardoned in a lamp and re stored to pay and allowances. This action of the President abstracted $75,000 from the fund of the National Asylum for Disabled Soldiers into the pockets ol these infamous men who deserted the flag of their country. These statements were made by General Butler, in tbe House on Friday. He vouched for their truth, and said the Im peachment Committee was in possession of the facts. We do not propose to discuss whether in committing this most reprehensible act, Picsident Johnson Las legally and technical ly committed a high misdemeanor. That is a quettion the Senate of the United States will have to pass upon in its judicial capacity, if articles of impeachment shall be prelcrrcd against tbe President. But we have no hesitation in saying his moral guilt iu this matter, if the facts arc properly rep resented, was of tho deepest dye, and de serves the indignant rebuke of every honest man. It seems that without any examina tion of the facts, and on tbe bare assertion of a Copperhead candidate that these deserters would vote for tbe Copperjohnson ticket, if be would pardon them, he immediately gran ted therequest and plundered tbe fund for tbe benefit of invalidUcion soldiers 0f575,000. in order that it might be paid* over to the miscreants who had been convicted of basely deserting their comrades and the Union flag in the day of peril. If this Is true, it w*as as gross an abuse of-power, it was as much a corrupt bargain morally, if not legally, as If he had covenanted with each of these de serters to give him a pardon on payment of a hundred dollars in money. And whether it be or be not a technical misdemeanor, it is an act so revolting to every sentiment of honor, and every claim of decency and patriotism, that if guilty ol It the people would say he deserves Impeachment, even if be Is saved from it on mere technical grounds. g*There is a natural bond of sympathy be tween Andrew Johnson and the Union sol dies who deserted the flag in battle ; who turned their hacks .upon their comrades at the sound of the rebel bullets, and left them to bear tbe heat and burden of the day alone. Andrew Johnson. Is himself a deserter—as base and infamous a deserter from the Union Hag and cause asany of the hundred and ninety men in West Virginia, whose vile crime he rewarded with enfranchisement, and indi rectly with money. He came to the helm at a time when more depended upon his con duct than •ever depended upon a single General on the battle-field. He deserted the colors of the loyal party which had confided in him ; he betrayed the cause to the extent of his power, and had his power been measured only by his boundless malice and shameless treachery, he would have turned over the Government itselfto the traitors who had fought four years for its destruction. There is no instance of treachery on record more infamous than tbe treachery of Andrew Johnson ; and nothing ts more natural than that he should reward army deserters, and rob invalid soldiers for the purpose. PHONETIC COjmiSSIOX, Senator Ccnness, of Calilornla, near the close of tbc session of the Senate, offered & resolution appointing a Commission of three persons to consider and report upon the feasibility of adopting phonetic characters for the Latin alphabet now in general use In Europe and America. This resolution has uot been acted on ; it however remains over among the unfinished business, and may come up at the next ses sion. There is another hill before Congress establishing as a governmental institution a Bureau of Education. . If there he anything to be done by the Government upon the subject of phonetic orthography, we think it might be deferred until such time as the Bureau of Education shall be organized, when tbc subject might he committed to that office. This subject is not a new one. It has oc cupied the deliberate consideration of the best orthocpisis and educators fur half a century. There is, however,.** pretty gen eral coincidence of opinion among those who have given thought to the question, and that opinion is adverse to any change in the ; resent Roman alphabet. This conclusion Is forced upon the mind by a variety of considerations, prominent among which are first, the increase of the alphabet to at least forty signs; and second, tbe Impossibility of framing a practical phonetic script. The majority of the Chris tian nations of the world, and all the com mercial countries, have adopted the Latin alphabet. Uniformity is desirable, if possi ble, and to adopt a new alphabet would be, us far as the icst of the world is concerned, to make the English longue, as written in this country, more mysterious than it is now. The alphabet as it stands can be made to serve all practical purposes, and as long as this is possible tbc adoption ..I another is unnecessary and unwise. What is needed is the revision of our orthography , .md the adoption of a simple system of nota tion, us recommended.by Dr. Noah Webster, by which the reader can distinguish at a glance the distinction between the lorg and theafiort sounds of vowels. Had we this system the orthography of almost every word could be made absolutely phonetic ; superfluous or silent letters which now em barrass the mind and distract the learner, could be dispensed with, and countless other irregularities could easily he cured without very materially changing the appearance of the printed page- We n&c extra consonants and digraphs, and extra vowels and dip* thongs in order to indicate the long or the short sound of vowels, and tbe consonants i thus used are as various as they arc numer ous. By the adoption of a uniform system of notation, this end could be remedied with out any change of the alphabet. This rule or method has been adopted, tto some ex tent, in the writing aud printing of other languages, and can be adopted with even greater success by those who use the English vernacular. It, moreover, is just as easily adapted to manuscript as it is to print, aud Inc change doing no serious vi olence to established rules ol printing and writing, as would be the case if a new alpha bet was adopted, would gradually aud rap idly be accepted by all. We do not propose to discuss this question cow; onrobjectis mciely to suggest that the Commission proposed can do but little toward tbe great object sought, tbc reduc tion ©four orthography to a phonetic sys tem; and that tbe repudiation of the Latin alphabet fbr an enlarged and new one, even if practicable at all, will not accomplish any practical end that may not be as satisfacto rily reached without any change of al phabet. __ BOOXU’S I>I*RV:. As we anticipated, the revelation of the fact that a diary was taken from the body of the assassin Booth, and turned over to the Government with the other contents of his pockets, hesawakened the liveliest curiosi ty throughout the country. It seems, from the remarks of General Butler, that the Im peachment Committee have had it before them, and we may therefore expect tlrat when that ccmmittee reports, its contents will be given to the public. Probably no document relating to the history of the re hellion would be so eagerly sought after, if It were accessible to the people. In its pres ent form, it is acknowledged, it contains the ■murderer’s memoranda of his own move ments subsequent to the perpetration of bis foul crime, from the ' time when, haunted by the awful consciousness of guilt, he wandered a remorseful fugitive, with a broken leg, in tbe Maryland swamps, up to the time of his own fate. It Is the record of a man who felt the frown of Ileuvcn and of mankind resting upon him, darker than the shadows of the jangie in which he sought to hide himself—a mac who com mitted a crime unsurpassed in wickedness, and fraught wiln the gravest consequences to theconntry. The fact that itmay not have been, technically, legal evidence as to the guilt or innocence of the party tried as fel low-conspirators in the great crime, can detract nothing frem the absorbing Interest that altacheslo it. . , . .. • . The curiosity ol the public is heightened by the fact that the existent diary was kept a profound secret b? #MP®»vern ment, and by ihe other ;ac‘, of wufth there Ino longer appears to be a doubt, ih&t it is now Incomplete—that a number 0’ pares have been cut out. These pages, it Is shown by ti e msrgie, were written full, and clear ly related to a period prior to the murder of Mr. Lincoln. T; c question is, whether these pages were cut out by Booth himself, or by somebody after bis death; and if by somebody else, who?—and what was the motive? There ought to be one man who can throw light on this point, and tbit man Is Lieuten ant Colonel Conger, who took this diary from the person of Booth, together with a knife, pair ■of pistols, belt, holster, file, pocket compass, spur, car bine, cartridges, and bills of exchange. With the exception of the diary, all these articles were shown to Lieutenant Colonel Conger at the time when he was on the witness stand, and by him identified as having been taken from the. body of Booth. Tho diary, however, was not shown to him, and be was questioned in such a manner that he had no occasion or opportunity to allude to it in his testimony. Now, it is pretty cer tain that Lieutenant Colonel Conger exam ined that diary after taking it from Booth's pocket. It is altogether certain that he knows to whom he delivered it alter arriving in Washington with the re mains of the assassin. If eighteen pages had been cut out at the time he found it, be could hardly have failed to observe the fact. And if be delivered it whole to any officer of the Government,the name of that officer should be made known, that tbe mutilation may be traced to the party responsible for. It, and the motive for an act so extraordinary be brought to light. Until this is done, tbe Imperfect information which the pablic has now received will give riseto numberless theories and suspicions, and only render darker the mystery of tbe assassination. CONNECTICUT ELECTION TO-DAY. The. State and Congressional election takes place in Connecticut to-day. The returns will be placed before our readers to-morrow morning. Tbe contest has been sharp and bit ter, and the result is doubtful. The Republi cans have but 551 majority to “go and come on” from last j'car’s election. The Copper heads carried two of the Congressional Dis tricts last spring—one ol them by 2,000 and thcothcrbyl2smajority, and came Within 118 votes of carry ng a third district. We conccdo'tbc Second, or New Haven District, to them, and we may also lose tbe Hartford or Bridgeport Districts—making three out of the four, audyet elect the Republican can didate lor Governor. Tho Copperheads hope to make considera ble gains out of their demagogical advocacy of the eight-hour movement, and by the pro fuse expenditure of money to which they have resorted. Their candidate for Governor is enormously rlcu, and, it Is reported, has spent over $50,000 for the purpose of buying rotes. His opponent is a gallant soldier,but has no money to spare. The Copperhead gubernatorial candidate is loud and unctions in his advocacy of tbe eight-hour system, but iscaretni to make the employes in his factories labor twelve hours per day. This Is peculiarly characteristic of a Copper head demagogue—to promise everything when a candidate for office, but after an election perform nothing—to violate In practice what he proclaims in precept. The Federal office-holders of the Johnson stripe arc doing all la their power to elect the Copperhead ticket, which has also re ceived aid on the stump from Frank Blair, Postmaster General Randall, Sunset Cox, Sinclair, of. New Hampshire, Doolittle, Dix on, Fernando Wood, Jim Brooks, and other Copperheads and renegades. The chances are, apparently, against the Republicans ; yet wo believe they will carry tbc Slate, and elect three of the four Con gressmen. But Ji they are beaten they de serve it. Two years ago a proposition was submitted to the white voters of Connecti cut to enfranchise the colored men of the State, and although the Republicans elected their ticket by 10,000 majority, equal suffrage was lost by 8,000 votes. Tho news had just reached Connecticut of the capture of Rich mond and rout of Lee’s army, and the Cop perheads were utterly demoralized and heartsick at the disaster that had overtaken their Southern friends, and one-fonrth of them absented themselves from the polls. And at the very moment when a colored regiment of Con necticut soldiers was shouting for the Union Hag in the streets of Richmond, .thousands of “conservative” ’ Republicans Were con temptibly voting with the Copperheads against manhood suffrage. Thus was 2,500 colored Republicans denied the franchise in that Slate, who-e ballots, if they were al lowed to vote, would place the result of the election to-day beyond all doubt or question. We append a list of the candidates, with lost year’s vote by Congressional Districts : EepvhUcan. Copperhead. covmxon. Joseph R. Dawlcy, James E. English, UCUTEKAXT-QOVniUtOU. Olive! li. Pcny, Ephraim H. Byde. SECEBTAnX OFBTATE. William F. Elmer, J-everetl E. Pease. TKZASLT.En. Henry G. Taiulor, Ed.vard S. Moseley. coxttboller. Lctnan W.Cnl’cr, Jes?eOiney. UEfUESEXTATIVEB IN CONCUSS'. 1. H. C. Doming. .11,097 I It. D. Hub0arA.,.10,939 2. C. Ncribroji....! ,630 Jolt js Hotchkiss..l7,Bl3 3. ll.S'arl.wealher 9,17>-1 Earl Martin G. 751 4. P. 1. Barnum..ll,6Cs j Win. 11. 8arnam..11,999 •1-7,971 I 43,323 We suppose we arenshl la Inferring tbathtd •he Pen • crats b-ei In potter mere w.iuld hive been no war for the preservation of tae Union.— Chicago Tf Hurts. Without stydoaht. you are right in making each aninlcfcnre. Han the parly of tbo‘Jons'itntion tl. e. slavery) retained power, thc.o would have been no a.tempt to break up the Union, and therefore no occasion fora war to preserve it.— Chicago Times. And because tho people in 1860 voted the Democratic party out of power, it plunged into rebellion for tho purpose of destroying the Union. As long as it Is allowed to nils in the interest of oligarchy andslavery, it is peactaUe, hut tbc moment the people place the administration of public affairs in other bands, the Democratic party’ resort to the weapons of the assassin and tho incendiary. This is the confession of one ol its High Priests. It will be some lime to come be fore the people again confide their destinies to its keeping. The monstrous enme com mitted by that organization against the American Republic has rendered it infamous forever. IDE AUJOOftiNJIJUMr OF CON GUESS. Congress adjourned on Saturday to meet again, if necessary, in July. The resolution provides that if, on the day fixed for meeting in July, there be no quorum present, then tbc Congress will stand adjourned until the first Monday in December. This means that if anything occurs, between now and July, requiring the action of Congress, tbc mem bers will be expected to be present. If not, then the members arc not expected to be present. The recess will be of ninety days duration, and during that lime the Reconstruction Law will have been put in operation. From July to December, should Congress then ad journ, there will be a recess of five months. Before Jaly, the military commanders will Lave arranged all the preliminary business for holding Conventions, and the preliminary requirements of tbc Reconstruction Bill will have been complied with. It is with these that there was tbe most danger to be antici pated from Executive interference. With the machinery once In motion, it is not likely that the President will undertake to produce a collision of his will with the law. The provision for a meeting of Congress in July, >f necessary, was a wise one. It puts the President on his good behavior for that time. Even if disposed to be rebellions, ho can accomplish nothing within that time save his own destruction.- After July it will be ioo late for him to interpose to defeat the Jaw. He is powerless. Except, perhaps, in New Orleans, and some of tbe other cities of the South, there is no purpose onthe part of the rebels to engage in actual hostilities. They may murder Union men, and drive out loyal people, but they have no Intention of renewing the war with the United States. They have lost ail confidence in Andrew .tohnsou’s powers. They know that in case ol a conflict his official position would not serve them. They will therefore submit to ibe law, and do the best they can. His ..ovrer Is broken, and he now enjoys officially the contempt of tbc people of both sections -nd of all parties. Andrew Johnson will not do anything between now and July to defeat i (.‘construction that will require Congress to assemble at that time to meet, impeach and depose him. Et?“ Fer a fortnight past it lias been rumored on the streets that two members of the old Board of Public Works, Messrs. Letz and Rose, Intended to contest the appoint ment of the new Board, and in the mean while would undertake to bold on to their offices end refuse to give possession to Messrs. Barley, McArthur and Gindcle until ousted by process of law. We learned yesterday that they have abandoned this Intention and will surrender the seals and keys of office to their successors without coercion or resist ance. Their attorneys have examined the journals of both Houses of the Legislature and inid that the amendments to the City Charter were passed in legal form and in ac cordance with the requirements of the State Constitution. A contest for possession be tween the members of the old and new Boatde might have inflicted much damage npou the public interest, cost a grest deal of money in litigation, lasted for one or more years .in the different Courts, and ended in the defeat of the old Board. Tue Vibrations op Sound and Color.— The deepest cote which the human car perceives os a continuous sound, it I? said, is produced by six teen vibrations a second; the most acute by 48,000 vibrations. Tbo extremes of color, it is said, are red ar.d violet, the fo*mer being given by 458,000,000 vibrations ot light per second, aud the latter by *27,000,000,000 vibrations. NEWS BY TELEGRAPH FEOM OXTE SUNDAY EDITION BIHIRTMT TBBITY. Entire Russian American Possessions Ceded to the United States. Length of Our Pacific Coast Extended One Thou sand Miles. WApnmoTOK, March 80.—The President' com municated to tbe Senate, In executive session, a treaty with Russia, bv which that power surren der to the United States Us sovereignty over all ol Russian America and the adjacent islands. It especially Include* the strip tour hundred miles long which extends down tbe coast, tbua nearly excluding British America from the ocean. Toe treaty was laid on t&c table, and will bo taken up next week. The cession excites intense Interest. Inflnential parties , regard It as significant of the Russian policy In view of the Impending Euxopean complications on the East ern question. Russia cedes her American terri tory for the same reasons that Induced Napoleon to sell I .Quintana, In the event of war Rnssla would probably lose this territory, and by parting with it tho Czar sscuros tbe friendship of onr Gov ernment. Tbe English Representative is deeply chagrined, and it Is said Blr Frank Bmce will tel egraph to Earl Derby for instructions to protest animat Us acceptance by our Government. This acquisition more than doubles the United States const on the Pacific. Another despatch, dated Washington3oth, says: It is tine, os reported, that tbe President commu nicated to tbe Senate to-day a treaty with Russia by which that power Buminders to the United Stales the sovereignty over all of Russian America end tbe adjacent Islands. The price to be paid for Ibis territory Is about seven million* ol dollars. The treaty was signed early this morning, asd scot to tbe Senate shortly af terwards. Tbe New Territory* Rnraian America, according to the treaties with the United States and Great Britain, in 1321-5, comprehends all the American coast o i the Pacific and the adjacent islands north of the parallel of flny-fenr decrees forty ml mtee n vr ih latitude, and tbo whole ot the mainland west of tho meridian of one hundred and forly-one degrees west long!' tndc, which passes through Mount St. Ellas. It is bounded north hr the Arctic Ocean, oast by British America, south by the Pacific, and west by the Pacific and Arctic Oceans and Behring’s Strait, which separate It from the Russian posses* dons In Asia, tbo distance across from Capo Prince of Wales to East Cape being ouly thirty* six miles. With the exception of the narrow strip extending in a southeast direction along tho coast nearly 400 miles, and the remarkable peninsula of Aliaska, it forms a tolerably compact ma«s, with an average length and breadth of about 600 miles each. Its greatest length north and sooth, from the soaUurn extremity of Aliaska to Point Bar* row,is about 1,100 miles; greatest breadth, meas ured on the Arctic Circle, which passes through Cape Prince of Wales, is about 800 miles: tbo longest line that can be drawn across the country Is from Capo Prince ol Wales to Its southern ex* trcmlty, latitude fifty-four degrees forty minutes, a distance of about 1,600 miles. Esti mated area, 35M,000 square miles. Tho part of the mainland south of Mount bu Ellas consists of a narrow belt, which Is continued along a mountain ridge parallel to the coast, and has now here a greater width than about thirty three miles. The interior of the country is very little known; hut from several expeditions, it ap pears (bat throughout its west part it is elevated and uneven, while the part extending along the Arctic Ocean Is invariably flat, with the exception o( a small portion lying between 141 degeces and 132 degrees west longitude. The coasts of the mainland and the islands have almost all been carefully explored. The north coast was first dis covered in the conrac.of the present century. Captain Cook, in 1778, during his last voyage, reached Icy Cape, latitude seventy degrees twenty minutes north, and one hundred and sixty-one degrees forty mlnntes west; and It was supposed trom the large masses of ice there met with,* oven in summer, that farther progress was Impossible. In IS2G, however. Captain Bcechj proceeded east asfaras North Cape, or Point Barrow, latitude seventy-one degrees twenty-three mlnntes thirty one seconds north, longitude one hundred and fifty-six degrees twenty-one minutes-thirty-two seconds west; while at the same time the lamented Sir John Franklin, then Captain Frank lin, traced the coast west from the month of the Mackenzie to Return Reel, latitude seventy degrees twenty-six minutes north, longi tude one bandied and forty-five degrees fifty-two minutes, west. The intervening space between Point Barrow and Return Reef was first explored in lS37jby Dense and bimpson, officers of the Hudson's Bay Company. fibe whole of the north coast of Russian America, from Demarcation Point west, to Point Barrow, its northermost extremity, stretches with tolerable regularity in a west northwest direction, and is, with the exception df a small part in the cost, a dead fiat, often nearly on a level with the sea, and never more tban from tea to twenty feet above it. From Point Barrow the coast takes a uniform direction, irom northeast to southwest, rising gradually towards Cape Lieburo, which U S3O feet high. It here tnma south, forming, be tween the two large inlets of Kotzebue Sound and Norton Sound, the remarkable peninsula of Prince of Wales, which projects into Behring’s Strait, and terminates in an elevated promontory, form ing tho most western point of North America. From Norton Sound it turns first sonibwes', then sooth southeast, becoming indented by several largo bays, including those ot Bristol Bay and Cook’s Inlet, on the opposite side of the long and narrow peninsula of Aliaska; and is lined almost throughout by several groups of large islands, of which tbc mOfl important belong to the Alentian, Kodiak, find King George 111. Archipelagos. Tbo greater part of tbc coast last described is very bold, presenting a succession of lofty volcanic peaks, two of which, on the west coast of Cook’s inlet, have tbc respective heights of 11,270 feet and 12.0 CC feet. The climate of Russian America is not so cold as either tbc cast parts of the same continent, or tbc east part of tho comment of Asia, under the same latitude?. It Is, however, far too rigor one to admit of agricultural operations; and the whole value of tbc territory Is derived from the products of !te fisheries or of the chase. The latter have been placed under the rigid monopoly by the Russian Government, which has conferred tbo sole privilege of trafficking In them on the Rus sian American Company. This has led to re monstrances on tbc part both of the United Stales and Great Britain, which have been so far suc cessful that a lease has been granted to the Hud son Bay Company, granting them the exclusive (•osscssion of the mainland of Russian America, from fifty degrees forty minutes north, to Cape Spencer, in latitude fitty-cight degrees thirteen minutes, north, and the exclusive privilege of supplying tbc Russians with agricultural produce ard provisions. The principal settlement la New Archangel, a email town with 1,002 inhabitants on tbo Island of Sitka, the largest of the gronp of George HI., v hich is called Baranov by tbc Russians, and was named George 111. by Vancouver. It is the scat of the Governor of oil tbc establishments of Rus sian America, and has fortifications, magazines, a*, da Governor’s residence, all bnllt of wood. The ordinary squadron stationed on its coasts consists oftwo frigates and twocorvcttes. The Russian American Company, incorporated 1799, for fishing and hnntinglnr-bearinganlmals, whose chief establishments ore here, have fifty ships of ell sizes engaged In the collection and conveyance of peltry. Besides these possessions Russia bad' formerly a small colony called Bodega, iu Cali fornia, north of San Francisco. It cow belongs to the United States. Its port is small, bat was once important for the Russian for trade. The popnlatlon of Russian America is esti mated at 61,000, of whom perhaps 0,000 arc Rus sians, Creoles, Kodiaks, and Alcoots. Tho re mainder. above 50.000 in cumber, enjoy a greater or less degree of independence, and consist almost entirely ol Esquimaux. FROM WASHINGTON. [Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.] Wasuinotok, March 30. CLoamo norms or oosobem. Tbo attendance at the Capitol this morning, to tineas the closing proceedings of Congress, was large. Ever; thing was done quietly and in ecod order. The Senate spent one honr in open session, and some time In Executive session. A'■out elitylinomlnatlona fall to the gronnd be cause they wore not acted upon. Nearly all the hills sent over from the lower branch were dis posed of. The House had hardly a quorum present, but one member raised a question, and therefore Uie fact was officially known. The Speaker's table was cleared of all the Senate hills bnt three, none of which are of public im portance. EXTRA SESSION OP THE SENATE Ihe PjCAidcot’s proclamation convening the Senate In extra session appeared about four o'clock to-day. The session Is likely to last ten or twelve days. * - BILLS APPROVED. The bill to suspend proceedings relative to pay ment for slaves drafted or enlisted Into the mili tary service, and the bill giving Governor Brown low ten thousand stands of arms for the use of the Tennessee militia, both went to the President last Satniday morning, hut neither was aoproved till about half an boar before adjournment to-aay. Qo was strongly inclined to pocket the flrstfnamed. REGISTRATION IHJWASUIHOTON. , Registration in the Second Ward, Washington, shows 1,419 negro and 836 white voters. Tbo registry of the Third Word will begin on Monday. INTERNAL REVSNTJE RECEIPTS. The Internal Revenue receipts for March were f 15,183,226, and for the fiscal year to this date, $214,CbU,077. ORDNANCE INVESTIGATION. The Joint Committee on Ordnance, provided for by Congress to-day, is especially raised to Inves tigate certain vague chargee and Insinuations made by Norman Wiard, or in his interest, but the Eonso refused to allow hts claim on the Gov ernment to go before tho committee at present. RECOKBIRCUTIOK IN VIRGINIA. A Richmond letter says that General SchoQeld will begin the work of reconstruction in Virginia immediately,and it ts hoped that a Staic Conven tion can be held In July or Angnst. EXECUTIVE SESSION OF TUB SENATE. Wasiiincton. March 30.—The President Issued the following to-day, a copy of which Is directed to each Senator: Whereas, Objects of interest to the United Stales rcqnho that the Senate should be convened at twelve o’clock on Monday, the ficstdar of April next, to receive and act upon such commnnica-. lions as may he made to it on the part of tho Ex ecutive. A'ow therefore, I, Andrew Johnson. President of the United States, have considered it to be my duty to Issue this, my proclamation, declaring that an cstracidmary occasion requires the Senate of the United Slates to convene for tho transaction of business at the Caplal in the city ot Washington, on Monday the Ist day of April next, at twelve o’clock on that day, of which all who shall at that time he entitled to act as that bod; are hereby required to take nodco. Given nsder my hand and the seal of the United Slates, at Washington, this 30th day of March, in the year of our Lord. 1867, and of the lode* pendencc of the United States of America, the nitelj-flrsU (Signed) Ajroaxw Jonsaox, By President: * W. EL Sewaud, Secretary State. SPBAKEB COLFAX. Speaker Colfax waa In the Chair to-day, bis step-lather having passed the crial» of bis disease yesterday, and u now regarded out of danger. - COHTZBatATIOMS. Re Senate to-day confirmed the following: Collector of..lnternal Sevtn\u~~ General dames D. Sicedman, of Ohio, First District. Louisiana. Attestor of Internal .Cssent*#—Calvin W. Me hane. Tenth District. DUnola. Postmasters— William Cromwell, Bloomington, 111. ; Samuel G. Smith, Pern. HI. Becitfer of the Land Office —Nathaniel Goss. Humboldt, Kansas. Beeetrer of Public Honey-- Daniel B. Emmert, Humboldt, Kansas. Colonel of United Rates Infantry— Captain Raluold McKenzie, Corps of Engineers. Collector of Customs—Jcbbq M. Harrison, Da bnque, lowa. ’ ~ ' SSJECTIOHS. The Senate rejected the following; JJneedier General by Brevet— Brevet Colonel James B. Fry. tiegister of the Land Office— A. S. Wadsworth, Traverse City, Micb. . . Postmasters— John B. Rogers, Vlrden, III.; John C. A. Young, Litchfield, JIU; Matthew C. Pearce, Elkhart, Jnd. - ' • ' 3 BFF. DAVIS. Judge Underwood, ot Virginia, has been hero - for several days in conference with the Attorney General respecting the trial of Jeff. Davis. It is the Intention of tbe Court to have the case tried at the May term, and it is understood Chief Jus tice Chase will preside. CONGRESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS. Wasiuhotok, March 30, SENATE. On motion of Mr. HOWARD, the Secretary of the Interior was asked for a copy of the last re port of the Union Pacific Railroad. The bill appropriating $5,000 tor tbe Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Orphans’ Home of tbo District of Co lumbia, passed. The resolution offered yesterday by Mr. CAME RON, asking the Secretary ot War bow much mo ney wag paid tbe Baltimore & Ohio Railroad dur ing the war: what rates of charges, whether higher than paid other companies, Ac., was amended, on motion of Mr. JOHNSON, by Including tbe Northern Central and Pennsylvania Central roads, and adopted. • The role of the Executive session requiring nominations rot acted upon to bo retnrncd to the President after the close of the session, was re scinded so as to allow nominations now pending io be continued until acted upon. The House resolution for tbe appointment of the Joint Standing Committee on Ordnance was amended by making it a Joint Special Committee with power to send for persona and papers, take testimony as to the beet and latest improvements in arms, and adopted. Mr. SAULSBURY offered a resolution for the appointment of a Joint Committee of tnreo Sen ators and five RcnrcscntaUvea to accompany tbe remains af the ate Senator Riddle to his home. Agreed to. Mr. SUMNER cave notice that on the first Wednesday of July, he would call up the bill for universal suffrage throughout the United States. He had reasons to believe there would be a quorum present. Mr. T UAYER called np the bill to extend to the State of Nebraska the privileges of tbe actuat ing land to Slates for the establishment of agri cultural colleges. Passed. Mr. POMEROY called Up tbo bill to allow the Chaplain ot the House of Representatives to draw hi* salary for the present car. Passed. At H’:4o tbe Senate went into executive session, and at IS tbo doors were reopened, and tbo President pro tem. declared the Senate adjourned till the first Wedncsdav in July. HOUSE. Mr. THOMAS presented a memorial from the Mayor art! members of the City Council of Balti more, asking Congress to assist the people of Ma ryland to torm a elate Government, republican in form, and in unison with the spirit of the age. Referred to the Judiciary Committee. Mr. BENTON asked leave to offer a resolution tendering the thanks of Ibis House to General Sheridan, for the removal of the Louisiana offi cers, llerton, Monroe and Abell, from tbe offices they dirgraced, and tbe appointment of loyal men in their places. Mr. WOOD objected, and the resolution was not received. Ibe Senate Joint resolution to authorize tbe Commanding General of the army to permit traders to remain at certain military points, passed. Tbe Senate joint regulation In reference to the removal of Indian tribes was tabled—42 against 41. - On motion of Mr. BOUVWELL, lbs Judiciary Committee were authorized to continue daring the recess the investigation of affairs with the Union Pacific Railroad, with power to send for persons and papers. The Senate amendment (o the House resolution for the appointment of a committee on ordnance was concurred in, as was tbo Senate resolution for the appointment of a committee to accompany the remains of Senator Riddle to Delaware. . Several unimportant hills were passed. Air. tiCUENCK asked leave lo offer a resolution directing the members of the House who wore members of the Mittfe/y CotomiUcc of the last House to proeccntc during the recess tne Investi gation with the management of the ALiluary Academy. Mr. ROSS objected. Mr. SCHbNt'K moved to suspend ibe rales. Disagreed to—37 to 47. The Senate bill to confirm certain sales made by tbc direct Tax Commissioner for South Carolina, to persons In tbo army, navy and marine corps. Referred to the Commi'tce on Claims. The Senate Joint resolution relating to the transportation of troops by the Isthmus route to the Pacific States and Territories, was referred to tbe Committee on Military Affairs. Tbe Senate bill appropriating $7,000 for the Soldiers’ and Sailors' Orphans* Home,ln the.Dls trict of Columbia, parsed. Tbe Senate bill to extend to Nebraska the pro visions of tbe Agricnlluial College Bill, passed. Mr. LAFLJN ottered a resolution that tbo re port of tbe Congressional Printer, on tbe purchase of paper, be taken from tbc table and referred lo the Committee on Printing, wltn power lo inves tigate and send lor persons and papers, Ac.,'.dur ing the recess. Adopted. The Speaker presented a message from tbe President slating that. In giving bis approval to Ibe Joint resolution providing for carrying Into rf cct the act lorti more eflectnalcovcrnment of tbe rebel Slates, be did so became It limited tbe ex penditures to (SOi’.OOo, and not because he bad modified bis objections to tbe original and sup plementary act. Tbe message was laid on the table and ordered primed. Tbo Speaker announced tbc Select Committees as follows, Committee to'accomoany tbe body of Senator Riddle to Delaware—Messrs. Nicholson, Farns worth, Glossbrenner. Kerr and Benton. On Ordnance—Scbenok, Logan, and Bntler. To wait on the Pi evident—Laflln, and Brooks. After (bo transaction ol some minor business, tbe Speaker, at 12 o’clock, in a few brief words, declared th- Donee adjourned till tbc first Wed nesday In May. fuoa EUROPE. BY OCEAN TELBGItAPn. Great Britain. acquittal or Ex-oovsnson eteie. London, March 87. Ex-Governor Byric, of Jamaica, recently ar rested, was acquitted after a short examination. rnOJLiULE BALE 07 THE OEAND SCOOT 07 LUXEIf- nocno. Tbo early sale of tbe Grand Dnchv of Luxem bourg to France by Holland, Is probable. BTEAXEB AQUITAXa. Southampton steamer Teutonia, from NewTork, arrived. London, March 30. Steamship Wm. Penn, from New York, ICio, ar rived this evening. France. RESIGNATION 07 COUNT WALEIVBKI. Pauis, March 30. Count Walewski has resigned the Presidency of the French Corps Lcgfalatlf. THESIDENT JOUNSON’S LETTED TO THE TOTE. Paths, March 30. The American steam slobp-01-war Canandaigua has arrived at Clvita Vcpchla. Captain Hopkins, to whom was entrusted President Johnson’s let tor for delivery to the Pope subsequently pro cccded to Rome and executed hts commission. liUtcst Foreign Markets. FINANCIAL. London, March 30—Noon. American securities are In request, opening at con slderable advance. Five-twenties, ; Illinois Cen tral, 75X; Erie. 33^. Consols closed at 91U- London, March 30— Evening. [TCocscls lor money, ; £rie,39X: Illinois Central 79; Five-twenties, 75#. Fuanetobt, March 30—p. m.' Five-twenties, 78tf. Path*. March 30-p. m. Five-twenties, 81#. Liverpool, March 30—Noon. Cotton—Opened steady, hnt since has become doll, and deCllr ed Jfd for middling uplands. Breadstuff*—Unchanged and quiet. Corn has an up* van! tendency and is quoted Cd higher. Flour—2B®<9j for Western. Wheat—l3s 3d for mixed, red and amber; 13s Cd for California white. Corn—39s Cd lor mixed Western. Barley—4a 6d. Oats—Bs Cd. Pork—Declined; quoted at77s. Beef—Declined to His Cd. Bacon—l9s. Lard-SOd. I’roduce—Generally quiet. Spirits—Petroleum, lid; refined, Is Cd. Litxbpool, March 30. Gotten—Market became quite dull, and prices fell off fully Jfd for middling uplands; quoted at 1 Jd. Litebpool, March 30—Etening. Corn—39s 6d&4os. Other articles unchan aed. FROM MADISON. Legislative—A Novel Argument on Bail road Consolidation—Judicial Appoint ment— municipal Politic*. [Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribute.] Map if oh, Wis., March 30. The protracted contest In the Assembly, yes terday, re-oiled in tbe substantial triumph of the present managers of tbe St. Paul and Prairie du chicn Railroads, in the passage of bill 27 from the derate facilitating the construction of a rail road fiom Monroe to Dubuque, without mate rial alteration, though so amended as to secure the vote in the evcnlngofsomo whoapokeagalnst it in the afternoon, by providing that the repeal of >be proviso lo the law of last winter, requiring tbe assent of a majority of each class of Its stock holders to a consolidation or extension, shall not take effect till the bonds provided (or have been executed and delivered, and ibat said repeal shall rot confer ihepp*crto consolidate with any oth er raiboad in Wisconsin. Rather a novelty was ibe ably written report of Senator bholes, this morning, on tbe Assembly bill to probibit tbe consolidation of leading rail toads in this State, be taking around and ad cucingargumems for comolidatßn os a general policy. The Senate has ad|onrued to Tnesday evening, and a large number of the members oi the legis lature have gone home to attend the election on Tuesday. Judge Dixon baa resigned and been re appoint ed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, which enables him to draw tn;rcascd pay ac $3,500 a year, under tbe law passed this winter. Ihe Democrats to-tlny nominated A. S. Sanborn for Mayor, and Qeo. Meicbsid for Trea‘urcr. Tbe Republican Convention will be held to night. legislature. [Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune,] Madisok, March 30. SENATE. In Ibe Senate, three reports were submitted by members of tho Railroad Committee upon the Assembly bill prohibiting railroads from consoli dating. Senators Thorpe and Larkin made a re port recommending an amendment simply to pro hibit the consolidation of the 8U Paul, North western and Prairie du Chien roads. Senators Sanderson and Prondfit reported in favor of the passage of the bill with amendments, and pro viding tbat the parlies shall not be divested ofthe franchises which Ihey enjoy, -and limbing the prohibition against consolidation to tbe roads alortcald. Senator Sholes reported in favor of allowing consolidation generally, with a view to Quickening transportation and lessening expense, thereby making cheaper fares and tarifia. No important bill was introduced, and only two bills passed—both local. Adjourned lo Tuesday evening. ABbEUBIA. In the Assembly a hill was passed extending the terms oi office of all County Judges to Janu ary first, 1969, and providing that thereafter such Jndgee Ihronghoit the State shall he elected t or four years. The Senate resolutions reportedhy the Railroad committee were concurred in. A hill was introduced to repeal Chapter 129, jaws of ’Ol, concerning the town and cou .iy offi cers ; also legalizing the nets o' Boards of super visors : also amcndlag chapter 7, laws of ’67, re eling to roads and bridges. Adjourned to Monday next at half-past eleven o'clock* In ibe Assembly, tbi* afternoon, the Senate bill being ihe bill to amend the articles of association ol the Milwaukee JS Prairie duChlen Railroad Company was parsed. Ayes, 05: noes, 24. Before passing It was amended, nomlna'ly tak ing consolidation out, but In reality con solidation Is - covertly leit In, ao that the opponents of the bill claim that the passage ofit Isa triumph of the Alex- Mitchell party over L. ILMoyerofNcw York. It seems that the Asaem has sot borne such emits as was expected horn them at tbo opening. Like the Senate, they ride on railroads. FBOM LiWBESCE,JSANSAS. Terrible Tntgedy—An _ Escaped filar ' derer Shoots Two of Ella Pursuers— The Murderer and -T wo Confederates Hanged. (Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.) Lawrshcz, Kansas, March 30. A terrible tragedy occurred at Fort Scott list week. The negro Mackey, who murdered a man last fall, had escaped from jail.- His whereabouts being known, the Dcpnty Sheriff and a posse at tempted to re-arrest him. He fired upon tbo par ty, Killing a citizen and severely wounding another, upon capturing him he was Immedi ately bung by the crowd. Two of hls confed erates. a brother and ano'ber negro, were taken from tbe Jail m tbe evening, aud bong. Tbe railroad land sates, which come off on Tuesday in this city, are attracting a largo crowd herefrom the East. Some of the leuling railroad men and capitalists of tbe country are already here, and olhers have telegraped lor rooms at the Eldndge House , _ The election of officers of the Kansas branch of tbe Pacific road takes place on Monday. Tbo weather has greatly moderated, with ap peal ances of rain. FBOM ST. LOUIS. The municipal Canvass Test Oath Cases Dismissed—A Fcm al e Litigant. [Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribone.) St. Louis, March 80. Tbo city election next Tuesday excites no atten tion whatever. Many American Radicals are dis gusted with the nomination otTbomas and Many. The American Conservatives'are equally disgust, cd with the nomination of Finn. The Conserva tives held four mass meetings to-night. The Rad icals will probably carry the city by two or three thousand majority. Dudley Eavanagb, tbe great billiardist, is in town, and in going Into business here. In Carroll Countythe Circuit comt has ordered a 1! the teat oath canes dismissed. Cora James, a notorious character, bos sued the late County Marshal lor false imprisonment. FBOM DEBMOINES. Death from Poisoning—A Bold Horse Thief. [Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.) Dzßiromas, lowa, March 30. Mr. Phillips, who took poison ton days ago, by mistake, died to-day. Tee hoiecoi Mr. Winch, which had been left by him at a blacksmith shop, to-day, io be shod, was boldly called for by a horse thief, stating that he was sent by Mr. Winch. Tbo animal was given him, and he mounted it and gallooed away, ami has not since been heard trom. A gentleman at Mr. Green’* hoarding bongo bad IDO stolen from bia pasts pocket, wnlle in bed, last night. FBOM MILWAUKEE. Contest for Officers of the Chamber of Commerce— Rlstotl. [Special Despatch to the Chicago Tribune.) - - * Milwaukee, March 30. Tbe following officers were nominated for an opposition ticket for the Chamber of Commerce: President, John Flanklntcn; and Ylcc-Preald“nt O. J. Hale. Both tickets are strong ones, and the fight will be exciting. Rlslori makes her appearance here on Monday evening In the character of Mary Stuart. FBOM NEW YORK. Fenian Discord—Prussian Forger Ar rested— Suicide— A Cuitom Ho Quo Swindle—JJomilerfellcrs—Tlie Hayck* Stewart Embezzling Case. New Vouk, March 30.—Tlie onion of the Amer ican Fenian organizations seems impracticable. Philip Xlenrich, on alleged Prussian forger, ar rested in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, has been brought here, baring been claimed under the ex tradition treaty. Airs. Alary Bassett, committed snlcldo in Drook- Ijn, last right. The Coroner's Jury in tbo casejof Jus. Fitzpat rick, declared that be was murdered by one Ephraim. A sturdier succeeded In victimizing the Custom Honse to-day to the amount ot SI,S'JU, by forged fiay rolls of the clerks. The Government lathe oe»r. New York, March 80 —Another disastrous con flagration occurred last night, on tbc corner of Forty-seventh street and Sixth avenue, destroy ing the extensive cabinet manufactory of Henry Valkcnlcg, and several other buildings adjoining were badly damaged. Tbe loss is estimated at over a hundred thousand dollars. A decision was rendered in tbc Conrt of Ap peals yesterday, in the well-known case of Stephen P. Clark against James and Erastiu Brooks, relative to the ownership of the Ecemng Etpretn newspaper In this city. Tbo order directing tbe paper to bo sold, so that Clark can obtain hla interest, la to be enforced. There arc mure counterfeit United States bank notes afloat at present than there have been for half a generation b-iore. The eomoo'-nd-interest notes of th.* denomination of fifty dollars are imitated very successfully. A dangerous counter feit five dollar note on the People’s National Bank, of Jackscc, Michigan, Is afloat. Yesterday afternoon Messrs. Leonard Unvclc and Joseph B Stewart, brokers, were arre-ted by United Slates officers on a charge of defrauding the Government. Their bail was fix-d at $200,000

each, and not being able to obtain tbe amonnt, they were sent to Ludlow. Street jail. Mr. Huyck was President of tbc Merchants’National Bank, of Washington, which institution is alleged to be iedebt'd to tho Government in tbe sum of *750,000. Mr. Ilnyck having transferred hla prop erly io Mr. Stewart, tbc Government had both battles arrested on a charge of consulting to de trend. Mr. Stewart is ’he complainant io tbe Eric-Pool case, in which he alleges that Daniel Drew is Indebted to him in something like sywi.o'.o. FROM CAIRO. Attempted Snlcldc—TDe Victim** Last Letter—Tito Affair Still Shrouded In mystery. Cajho, March 3o.— A man of respectable ap pearance who came up yesterday as a passenger on tbo railroad steamer General Anderson, from Columbus. Ky., made reocated attempts to com mit snlclde by nrownlng himself, but was pre vented from ctnylrg out, his design by persons on the boat who caught bold of bim as no was about to take the fatal leap. Before attempting to Jump trom tno boat bo wrote several loiters to □ls friends, also one addressed to tbe public press of Texas. These ho hauded to tho mall agent on the boat, and immediately Iclt the cabin and made the first attempt to leave tbe boat and this woild by jumping through tho window of tbe barbershop. Having been foiled In this, bo soon a’tcrwent down stairs and made a second attempt to lamp Rom the deck, hat witn no better success than tbe first. After tbisbe was carefully watebed until the boat arrived here, when he immediately took tbe Northern bound train, to what point Is not known. It is believed bo was suffering from a fit of temporary insanity. Tbe letter addressed to tbc public press was not scaled, postage tin, paid, and was as follows: “Jo the PKorxs—There will be much said in reference to my dimming myself. All 1 have to say as to what caoaea me to do the same was by facts exposed publicly on a train on tbe night of the 2Sth of March. 18t)7. For facts rider to a wit ness present. 1 have always been honest, and «as ever honest to her curing life. I may have been to her- memory, which she well told mo of publicly. This Is the statement of ono who now sleeps in tbe Mississippi River. “T. P. Tuck." A post’eript to this letter requested this sent to tbe Galveston Ntwe s Holly Springs papers, also to the Houston and Macon newspapers, as his rricnas lived there. Tbe postscript closed by saying that he did not like to leave disgracefully. Another letter, addressed to Mrs. Jane Bowen, a sister, stating that Mr. Shaw Kltne would be after them as soon as be got bis letter mailed that day. and closed with “ Good-by—meet me In heaven.” —signed “ Your Brother.” This letter boro tbo same signature as tha* ad dressed to the press. Tbc whole affair la shroud ed in mystery, and it la not unlikely the unfor fortunate man has ere this succeeded in putting an end to bis miserable existence. FBOM CINCIMjATI. A Boy Conxiclcd of ITJ order-Arrest of a Bankrnpt Daukcr-Lcaso of a Thca fro— Successful Suit for Damages A galliot a Ballroad—A (Tlnrdcrer Ar rested—Sale of a Ballroad—A Copper bead Preacher Bccovcrs Damages, CiscrauATi, Marco 30.—Samuel Case, a tad of fifteen, was convicted yesterday of mardcr In the first degree, for the assassfpatlon of James Hughes, last month. He and two accomplices will probably be bung for this crime. George E. Hodge, a bankrupt hanker, was ar rested yesterday on a warrant sworn oat by one of the viclimircd depositors, who loat one thou sand dollars by the failure. Hodge gave hall and was released. The National Theatre of this city has been leased by ramnel Colville, late pi Wood’s Thea tre, New Tor*. Ho announces that he will pro duce the **Black Crook,” ana bring one Edwin Forrest within a lew weeks. Captain Wrtmore has received $7,000 damages from the Little Miami Railroad, for an assault comml’itdoDhim by a baggage-man armed with o hatebet. Hart, who whipped a four year old boy to death near Warsaw, Indiana, about a month ago, was found and arrested yo-tercay. at Indcpca d< nee. near M«nnt Vernon, Ohio. He was taken b.ck to Warsaw. Tbe Pennsylvania Central Railroad Company is now in possession of he Columbus Indiana Central Railroad having recently pur chased it. At Wabash, Indiana, in July. lSC6;fa Copperhead preacher, named C-trrau. and his caugbter, were • omcvbat roughly handled in consequence of tbe daughter wearing a butternut emblem. Ihe ob noxious thim> was tom from the young woman’s neck by a soldier’s wile, and me preacher swears bo was kicked and otherwise ill-treated, for which be sued certain citizens who were in the crowd at ibe lime, claiming |£.ooo damages. The case has just closed at Huntington, tho injured Individual obtaining a verdict for one bondrea dollars. FROM SAR FEAR CISCO. Sailing of the Jnparcsc Commission er* for New York—Experts of Specie and Grain. Sah PnAscisco, March 30.—The Japanese Com missioners and suite sailed to-day m tbe Goldeu Are lor New York. During their stay they visited the fortifications la our harbor, the military sta tions, the Government works, and the extensive manufacturing fstablishmentsof thecliy.and were received by several prominent citizens. They were highly gratified at the attentions shown them. The laying of the comer stone of the Mercantile library building, in thlsc'tj, took place to-ciay, and was on imposing atZklr. The ceremonies were under (be direction of tbe Masonic fraternity. The fall Grana I.odge was in attendance. Tbe Golden Age, for Panama, bos sailed with $843,000 in treasure, $615,000 for New York. Tbe ship Blue Jacket sailed for Liverpool with 41,200 sacks of wbe-.iL To-day's steamer carries over 6,800 Hour barrels to New York, Death of a Prominent lowan. Drncqux, lowa, March 80.—'The Produce Ex change and Board of Education have passed ap propriate resolutions to the memory of 800. Patrick Robo, ex-membcr ot the Legislature, f.timerly editor of the Sioux City Segltier , and cnee cdl'Or-in-cbicf of ibe Dubuque Usrald % who oled yesterday morning. Tbe Welland Carat. Touohto, C. W., March 29.—1 f Is expected that tbe Wcl’ano Canal will be open about the middle of.Aprll. The elide wnieh took place some time since at Allenburg will be so far repaired before the ice mores as not lo interfere in tho slightest with navigation. THE ATTEMPTED IBSUBANCE SWINDLE. The Latest Arrest-Frederick M. Lacey the Inside Operator-His Antecedents and Connec tion with the Case. Farthc? Details of the Plot and its Working—flow the Vlllainf was Discovered. Importing Bodies lor Dissection, The coils of the law are cradnally drawing tiph'ly around the conspirators in the recently attempted insurance swindle. Timothy W. Ful ler and Dr; Charles B. Kendall, the* arms of the >plot,have been in the county Jail nearly two weeks. The trunk, the Uviqg-dcad body, in the person of Richard Eainforlh, has Joined bis associates in crime in tnc custody of the Sheriff, and the supposed brains of the combi nation was on Saturday delivered Into the keep-' Ing of the officers of the law. Captain William Tnrtle yesterday presented to the County Court Frederick N. Lacey, late of this city, bat more re cently of Cincinnati, as a prime mover In the case, on the Joint charges of conspiracy and sub ornation of perjury. In describing the recent arrest of Ralcforthln the city ofNtw York we had occasion to recPa tbe affidavit on - which be was arrested. That affidavit . included tbe name. of this prisoner, but hts arrest not having been then made, the ends of Justice required tbe ex pur gal ion ot bis name from tbe publication m-ide ot the official document on which both arrests have been effected. Further publication of tbe affidavit in the case, lids explanation having been made, is unnecessary. On his Information and belief, resulting from his detective researches, William Turtle, on bis oath accused Lacey as a co-conspirator with the others m arrest, and as one also guilty of subornation of perjury In procuring Dr. Ken dall to make oath of the death ofßalnfortb. The second requisition made by the Governor, under the new law of oar State, was signed in the pres ent case. It was speeded to Ohio, where tbe proper warrant was soon procured, and on Thurs day Lacey was token in charge at his new house in Cincinnati. The prisoner, of course, claims an entire in nocence in the matter. He denies all and any knowledge of any part of the transaction. He claims that when bis examination sbail come up, no complicity on his part can he shown. Mean while it may be proper to state some facts in re lation to the party, and alleged facts as to the transaction, seeming to warrant hia detention. Lacey, a young man. with many friends in Ibis city, was a short time since employed ss general agent of the St. Louis Mutual Insurance Com pany. in this city. Ho was also for a tune In the employ of tbe Atom Company, these being two of (be corporations attempted to be defrauded. Be was discharged from these employments, and theu went to Cindnna J, where he became engaged In tbe bnsincs- of Stephens is Co., tobacco dealer.*, ot Mafnstrect. It waa here that he was employed wben bis arrest was made. On being brought Into the Connty Conn, where Judge Bradwell preside l , in pursuance of the war rant issued on the 23d Instant, Lacey sent for ao attorney, E. F. Runyan. Eeq.. That gentleman, at tbo time engaged In the presentation of a client’s ■ cause in tbe Su perior Court, soon made hls appearance. Ho asked, in view of bis present actual occupa tion, and because bis new client was unprepared to enter upon an examination, that the case be postponed. This proposition being reasonable It was at c ncc acceded to, and the cause was laid over until Saturday morning nex< at 10 o’clock. The Conn fixed tee bail at the amount demanded in tbe case of Fuller, $12,000, Mr. Rnnyan became the surety, and the prisoner left tbe Coart for a week. - Citizens of Chicago, who have been citizens but a few years, hope mat the prisoner, Lac--j, may be ab.c to acquit himself of the accusations brought against him. If he be guilty be has ren dered desolate a home where comfort has hereto fore reigned supreme, for be was ot a family v. inch did not lack credit or mean-* for the accom plishment of any purpose legitimately within toe scope of those nnder whose control ready money tests to the extent of thousands of dollars. The prisoner is one of tbe sous of Dr. Thomas B. Lacey, who died in this city on tbe ninth day of February, ISCS On the 23th day of February hls widow took out letters |of administration, tbe heirs of the estate being one daughter and three eons, tbe accused in this case bejng tbe third child. She then gave her bond, secured hy John B. Benedict, John Lacey, Arthur T. Lacer, (sou.) Kathleen M. Lacey, (daughter), and Kben F. Runyan. On tbe 4lh of April, ISC3. the widow presented an inventory of me estate, which Included: Money ou band .$13,070.00 Notes. 8,033.73 Real estate contracts at tbe esti mated value of tbe land $3,830 On which was to be paid 1,750 — 2,100.00 Rond.... . 450.00 55.7U0.73 This amonnt was duly pat to interest for the benefitoftbe heirs. „ Mr. Thomas B. Lacy, was a doctor. He bad a gotd reputation, and dU talents were engaged for the ./Etna Insurance Company. This employ ment on bis part, perhaps, was the teaching of bit son the lessons be has to well improved. The Doctor was selected - aa the examining surgeon of the company, ills credit in that office on the one side and bis confi dence in tbo office on the other, are exhibited by the fact that when be died there was an open ac count, salary being duo bim to the amount of (7.429.41. be having by indirection drawn sll,- 573.U3. A Jury silting upon the claim returned a verdict giving to Ibe company $3,005 Cl. The success of the father K d to the appointment oftbo son to a responsible position m the /Etna Insurance Company. This position he retained some months after his father died, but In the munths of May or Jane last It appears he organ ized the plan which has culminated in bis arte*!, and in the Incarceration of those who are alleged to be bis co-conspirators. The developments in tho case tend to show frets, not hitherto published, wbtcb will bear strongly against the accused and his associates, if borne out hy the testimony of the witnesses to be produced on the trial. lltnolhv W. Fuller and Richard Hainforth, about a year since, took a suite of rooms in the State Savings Bank Block, on LaSalle street, and opened on office tor the manufacture end sate of a patent shoe bench. They employed several workmen in the manufacture of boxes, and la the labelling and stamping of the article. Tbs two partner* and Ibe prisoner. Lacey, frequently met in the office, and here, it is alleged, the latter first eucgcfted a plan by wbtcb to procure from in surance companies an amonnt of money wbicn would only be limited by the extent to v hlch companies were willing to go to accepting nek*. Ralnforth made investigation Into tbo plan, and for some t‘m<i seamed to doubt its reusability. It won'd appear, norever, that he was otsund cf the ultimate success of the enter prise by Lacey, who told bim *nd bis partner that bis employment as general agent of two compa* panics would enable bim to pass tho applications, and subsequently to secure the payment of the claim? without Inquiry. This orignal plan diflar cd from that which was subsequently attempted to be carried ou'- only in one particular. Ralnforth. who bad been selected as tbe man to die, was to give up the ghost lo some coun try town within Lacey’s district, where be (the latter) would have entire Jurisdiction to en dorse the daim or bis helra. It a’so included a necessary forgery, a woman to be called Jenny Itainfortn being selected to personate ibe wife of She defunct Raiuforth. In pnrsnaoce of tois agreement the first poller was takcu out la the /Etna Company, for tb-; benefit of the supposed Jenny. It Became necessary, however, to alter the plan, Ratnforlh having declined to die any where bnt in Chicago. In I’ccembcr be cau-cd ibe policy to be tnm:lerred to his own bene fit. About January Dr. Kendall, who Is now in tho County Jail, seems to have be come connected with the conspiracy. Tbo par ties liad removed to a new of fice at No. ISSClarkatrec', where Kendall joined (hem in tbo proprietorship of tno office. The plan being now* thoroughly matured. Dr. Kendall moved to another room io tbo same building, wbile Fuller retained possession of the old room, and Ratnlortb hired the room to which his death was said io Lave occurred. It was here that the events transpired which have caused so gicatau excitement. There remains only to be explained tbo substi tution of a body tu form and Icatnres so Identical with Ralnforth as to deceive even one of the In surance agents. An arrangement is said to have been made with a medical college at Kalamazoo, Michigan, to furnish bodies for dissection. Three corpses were shipped to this city, and the third, was lonnd to suit tbc purpose, the snavlug op eration having been performed on Ralnforth, bis representative would have passed mnstc* but for three wounds showing stabs by which the body, which bad been procured through the college, was identified as the remains ol a mramal from tbc Penitentiary of the State of Michigan. Richardßainfortb, the body of the conspiracy, w:b received last evening into tbc County Jail. To use bis own expressive terms, “the d aisbonM be allowed to rest.” Ramfortb was arrest,d in New York, at the Dupont House, No. ICS Hudson street, where he was passing under the alias ot Henry Culvert. He considers that he Ism a “oad scrape,” bnt he refused to make any statement to Implicate any of his associates until bo should know exactly what they had said, his knowledge to bo derived from themselves. As he Joins them in tbo County Jail the probability is be will have an opportunity to verily the lacts which have ap peared in this paper as to tbc extent of the devel opments made by them. He did, however, etnte that hi had read the acconnt of tho examination on the probate of hi* will, and be listened with mneta in terest to the acconnt of- hU funeral, at which be declines to state he was present. He seemed par ticnJarly complimented when he was told that the form and features of the body deposited in Grace land Cemetery was the counterfeit of nimself and expressed himself that the plan would have been a success bnt for interference of a person whose palm bad nut been well greased. VNSTAUIP£D LEIIEBS, Work of the Y. JX. C. A.—A Charitable Bcmedy for Carelessness. Tie number of letters which ore constantly sent to the Post Office m this city without stamps Is astonishing, especially in view of the fact that the larger part of them come trom the business houses who ate supposed to know well enough what the laws upon the subject arc. The difficulty results from sheer carelessness or baste, for which the witters often pay dearly by reason of the delay and loss of the letters. The aggregate number oC let - ers tans detained throughout the country may be guessed at from the fact that in the last two weeks one hundred and fifty have accumulated In the Chicago Post Office. The regulations of the Post Office Department require that letters not stamped be sent to Wash* ington to be opened after remaining in (he office one month. If they are found to contain valua hies they are returned to the writer, if hl-» address appears, which Is often nut the case; otherwise they are destrojed. Colonel Gilmore, Postmaster of this aty. In conversation recently with amembor of the Young ilea’s Christian Association, casually mentioned these facts, and the member communicated them to the directors. The l.ica of removing this great difficulty as far as the Chicago office is concerned, was suggested and adopted, and now the Associa tion affixes stamps to toeeeolberwisedrad letters, and sends them on their way to rejoice the hearts oi the writers and receivers. A small printed sho Is attached to each letter informing the recipient teat the postage was paid by the Y. M. C. A., and i> vrio-.> him, if so disposed, to make a small con tribntion lor tne charitable purposes of the Asso ciation. The plan is an excellent one and several grateful ItuHvfdnsla nave abearly acknowledged tbe service it ha# done them by sending con'riba it *ns to the society, of from fifty cents to five dol lars each. The amonnt ot anxiety, delay and loss which this plan will.’save can hardly be estimated, and as the Association which originates li Is purely a benevolent one. Its* object being to provide for the montal ana physical wants oi the poor of our city—work which re quires a large expenditure, it Is eminently proper Uratthose whom Its thoughtfulness thus benefits should make, if able, a pecuniary return. In many cases Hit; simple act of forwarding letters which otherwise would not reach their owners It in itself on important charity to the poor. Not unfrequently the epistles contain remittances of money, perhaps from a ha-baud to his distant and needy family, or from a eon to hts widowed moth er, and their loss or even delay might ent-til bitter Buffering. No doubt many apoor man and woman will have occasion lo thank the devisers of th's scheme for the good which they have done them. Then it wc follow out tuc wide range of hopes and fears, joys and sorrows involved lathe destiny of these hundreds of carelessly deposited letters, fiom merchants ordering goods, banners baying or selling slocks, parties aoxloua lor news from intir children, friends excha gi"g greetings and Inquiries, and the countless o'ner classes whose convenience or happiness depend on tbe safe transfer of the paper messages, we conclude lh-Übe’Association has Inaugurated* useful and really benevolent work which might wen bo Init ialed elsewhere, and which should bring a hand some pecuniary reward mto its treasury. Tbl* plan, 100, has another, though a smaller merit. In that it will add much to the general rep utation of our Post Office by removing one fre- J[uenl cause of complaint. People who are anx ontly expecting loiters which they do not receive are very apt to blame Ue mail as the guilty cause of all their woes, forgetting that the carelessness of an office tor io ncsUctlnglo affix a stamp m*y be the real of tbe trouble. The consideration of this subject of unpaid let teta may people to be more careful borce fortbT*r<l thus least* the iccessi’.T of tha work mentioned, which, BowerrT.wilbesani ciecdT large a# long a.-the pre*ei.t ittie ® f payment lata lorco. It mar algo Jm-reM upon the minds of tome obtuse thal a revtnn* aiamp I*, not a sale or efficient subsli luu: for a postage stamp. THE EIBHT-HQUR LAW. masa meeting of Workingmen in tbe Opera House. Addresses by Governor Oglesbjj Colonel Ingersoll and Others. BcMlntfans—Eight Bonn Instated On. An immense labor ratification meeting was beld In tbe Opera House on Saturday evening. At an early hour a erod’d of workingmen, many ac companied by their wires, began to poor In, and before eight o'clock tbe spacious edifice bad be come so thoroughly filled from floor to dome that it was found necessary to close the doors. Still the gathering increased, until the halls and. sta'rways weic literally packed witim struggling masa of men and women, angry at theclosingof the doors against them and seeming determined to effect an entrance. Toe experiment was tried of gradually opening the doors to admxta small numoer. when a learftti rush ensued, endangering life and limb, daring which a part of the inside throng succeed ed in getting In and filling to overflowing the scats and standing room orthehouse. A band stationed in the orchestra entertained tbe audience with patriotic airs nntil the formal exercises began. The great congregation was one such as never before assembled under that lofty roof, consisting not of the wealth and beauty of tbe city gathered to admire an exhibition of art or dramatic skill; bot composed mainly of brawny,hard-flsied labor lug men and mechanics, tbe hone and sinew of the country, who were drawn together, not for any sight-seeing, bnt to hear tbe questions of vi'al Import, m which they oil are deeply In terested, discussed and expounded. Mr. Wm. Barker. President of the Trades’ As sembly, opened the meeting by stating that It was called to ratify tbe action of iho Legislature in enacting tbe Eight Hoar Law, to repudiate the action of the employers who bad decided to evade tbe law by paying by the hour, and to wel-. come back the representatives who labored for the passage ot the 0111. * < . ihp opening address was made by Mr. A. C. Cameron, of tbe Workingman'* Advocate. He was followed by Bon. H. U. Shepard, who said that the object ot the meeting was to resolve that wbat the law has ordained shall be obeyed. Tne question to be determined to-slgbt Is, first, are eight hours a sufficient day’s work and shall they after May Ist. constitute a day’s work! He was willing that those most dtrcctiy Interested should decide this question for themselves. As the law has said that eight hours was ail tnal a man could labor without damage to health, it should be obeyed. Bnt a set of men In this city had said that tbe law shou’d not be obeyed, and they were met to-night to say to those revolutionists that it should be. Hon. I*. I- Bond next spoke. lie said that he was one woo supported tfie eight-hoar measure in the Legislature, and he did it oecanae he felt It to be ilgh’, for anv Government which does not stand by Its laboring mea Is not to be tolerated. Oar Government has not heeti backward. It bas established Decschools,and now the mechanics wantthtlr day's work shortened that thej may avail themselves of them. It Is an iasnlt to the laboring men to say that they will annse this privilege. It would take a year or two, perhaps, to bilug this system into perfect operation, and tney might for a time fail to realize its advantages: bat they would follow it np until they reaped its full benefits. They had been long trying to to get a labor law passed,and now tad succeeded. He supported the mea-nre, also, because bo thought that the men who had Invented omiabof-savingmachlnery were en’ltlcd to tome of the benefits ol their inventions. He knew that there wonld be no senoas trouble, for theywonld so to work as men wbo know, their rights and dare maintain. Capital in this country cannot enslave labor. The interests of bath are identical, and they most work in harmony, oovmcton ooinuT, TTrn -T Dr.ln.hv Onv.mrtv rtf llltnnla Hon. Richard J. Oglesby, Governor of Illinois, was then Introduced, and received with tremen dous cheering. Ho thankee them for tbe warm greeting which be bad received. He had revalued one nay to at tend tbe meeting Tbe Legislature had passed a Jaw making ctcblhours a day’s work. That ap plies to all kinds of work except farm labor. He' thought that there would be no trouble in en forcing It. if they behoved ttatltls wiser to limit the hours of work, and were actuated by a pare and lofty motive, they wonld not fail, if, how ever. It was merely an endeavor to gain a transient victory over their employ ers, they ought to, and wonld fall. Those who do tbe dally labor of tbe world feel tbe ellect of this law more directly, bat If It be for. tbelr benefit Ills lor the benefit ,of us all. But laboring men have learned to be patient. and they must have patience wi h those who differ from them. Many wise and good men think tbat this nt w move is an unwise ana an unsafe one, though they have the welfare of the laborers at heart. They say that men are less liable to go astray when they are kept busy, and they thought It wonld not be wise to limit the hours of labor to eight a day. He was stating tbe views which be had heard expressed. He was willing to bear the views ol others even If th«y differed from turn. It was fats honest conclusion tbat when a man goes to work faithfully nno devotes eight long hours to labor for himself and family It is enough. Taking that as a rule through Ufei’hs thought it was labor enough lor any one. lie worked for ten years at the carpenter’s trade. Sometimes bis employer worked twelve, ten, eight and six hours, and fie found that be was happiest when lue days were short. He bad never fieen told that educa tion was desirable or necessary, bnt this employer inonceil nlm to read, and he read bis first book Ihroqgh after bts hours of labor. They were suiting out with an experiment, and if it was found sacc ssful every laborer through out thebtate would thank them for it. Be despised a man would go out and preach np that there was a dlrbrence between the rich and the poor. How many ilcb men are bom who are as good friends of the poor as tbe neb. We are all tryingto get rich. But when he raw rich men trying to keep do* n the poor be despised them from hts heart. What a sublime spectacle it will be wb-n the laboring men Instead of loafing and seeking gambling dens should seek to improve their nUrds In order to become more naefol and happv. We have loafers in the country enough. He could not say wbetfier we bad laborers enough. Our nch State is capable of boundless promo tion and Increase. He wonld say to every intelli gent man wbo bas a right to the title of an Ameri can citizen, to show by example that the eight hoar system fulfils all Ihe requirements of busi ness, and that men and women have become more Intelligent and more worthy to be American citizens. He did not wish to stir np any unkind teclit'g. He said to* the employer and to toe laborer, yon have both your rights, and thxyare identic*'. Capital Is but a unit as compared with labor, there Is no oower or wealth without la bor. Why may not a man know now to read sod wmc as welt as labor? Clerks, merchants, law yers, men in every occupation, labor. Labor Is honorable, it was dignifi-.d when tbe worf” was created, ard it cannot be undignified. However a man mav labor, be is emnloyed - for the good of mankind, and is honorable Because a man dors hew wood and draw wa’cr, it Is no : excuse for bun to not wash his hands and comb bain hair. Our Inhering men do It, and they are the best looking men 1c the country. You msy hear of a man working at tbe carpenter’s trade in Kentucky, and soon alter yon may see him 83 Governor of the State ol UunoU. But the women of tne country distress him. When he saw a poor- girl strag gling up with small pay ’he led a deep pity for her, and he hoped that the time would come when we should pay the women what they earn. We have never done this. There Is no justice in paying a man n dolltr ana a woman twenty five cents for the “ante work. Ha would bo most nappy if there could bo an under standing about this labor question. What tbelr pay should bo they and their emuloyers mast settle. Be booed that time would prove the wisdom of tbe law which be had had tne honor to approve and tbat in their hours of rest tbey wonld stay by their homes and libraries, and become wiser and better men- (Three tremendous cheers were given for tbe Governor.] non. it- xxaxnsozx. Con. Robert liigersoll, Attorney General of mi nors, followed He said tbat the question being discussed is tho biggest question in (he world. Is bar. been Discussed lor ages. It has been the object of every monarchy to support laziness at the expense of labor. The well being of the people 1* the highest law. As long as labor was in chains, there never was a labor-saving machine Invented. A slave does not care whether such a machine la used or not. Bis object is to do the least amount of labor In the greatest time; and the object of the freeman tolling tor hla children H to do the greatest amount of labor in the least time. The priests and the aristocracy for sees owned tbs bodies and souls of the laborers. It was a disgrace to a man to be of any sort of use. But labor is the only honorable life. Whoever docs not contribute something to the world, while be lives in it, goes oat of it a bank rupt. Catital is tbe child of labor* Every thing bas been produced by Tabor, and cvcrjbing would sink into nothingness without u. Tbe poor laborer can love bis lamOy os dearly as tho millionaire. He tries to do three days labor in one. in order to make those be loves better, and tbat Is the only thing worth working for. Labor stoops to the sand which it bas made into glass, ana that into a telescope ; with which to read all the leaves ot the sky. This has been aone only by giving a man a right to whathe earns. We are just on tho shore of progress. The world is not to stop here. Thta movement wUi mat e labor more intelligent. Those tbat say that it will make tbe laborers visit saloons if tbe boors of labor are shortened are tbe men who do not work. Intelligence is tbe only safeguard for the future against despotism. How can a man read after fourteen hours of toil I This a abort time ago was the legal day's work. But tho step of progress has gradually reduced It to ten, andjnow itwUl come to eight. Any system that does not give a man lime to become acquainted with his family, to tead (be great authors, and to cultivate a taste for Oucails, Is worsethaacoUfe- He thought ho should live to see the boars of toil reduced to sir. lie wanted to see tbe time when labor should be respected. If tbe laboring men were all intelli gent, bow much greater and grander this land would be. lie hoped tbat this good work would go forward until ell men are lificd op out ot tbe mire. Any man who wishes to succeed now must go as tbe j topic want h’m »o, or he cannot go at all. Tbe working men bold >be ballot oox and control tbe destinies or the nation. Man has gone on from tbe savage to Newton and Shabspeare, and this is w; at labor Los done. This is bat the foretaste of tbe grand results tbat will be effected by tbe labor of man. Acdresses.wcrc then made by Seth Paine, Esq , and D. D. Driscoll, Esq.. City Attorney, and the following resolutions, prepared by a committee appointed by the chair, were unanimously adopted: the nnsontmoHS. fit solved. As the sense of this meeting, that, whereas, ten consecutive hours or daily work ovuHbUs and impairs the physical powers of nun. and that the reduction of the boars or dally work does not result in diminished productions in conscqnez.ee of tnc superior intelligence, skill and vigor the Industrial classes are enabled to bring to their work by reason thereof; and. Whereas, Experience has shown that no length of time nor intensity of work on f?e part ot workingmen suffices to satisfy the usurpations of capita), out that is has resisted by every means a>. its command the successive measure l by which - ih“ legal day's work has oeen reduced from four teen to ten nom s: and Woeuzas, The Legislature, at their lastscsaion. have passed a law making eight boars a legal day’s work; therefore, be It Jlesolctd, That the workingmen of the Slate of Illinois will comply with the provisions of said law, and that on and alter the first day of May next they will recognize the validity of the law by working eight hours per day. , „ ■ Hetolced, That they .utterly and unequivocally reject the proposition of the master builders and others, to work by the boar instead of by the a J}eaolz«L That we tender the protoundest grati tude to the Senators and Representatives from Chicago, Messrs. Ward, Eastonn, Shepard, Bond, Taylor, Stevens, Reynolds and Leavitt, who ranged themselves among the caamplons of the workingmen In voting for the eight-hoar law; and that we tender also oar proiounctest gratitude to Governor Oglesby, for hia approval of the eight hour bill. * THE NEW BOARD OF HEALTH. First meeting— Organization, Ac. The first mccUng x for the purpose of organiza tion of the new Board of Health of inis aty. con stituted under the late act amendatory to the City Charter, was held at lour o’clock on Saturday afternoon, in the office of Mayor Rice. The fol lowing are the names of the members of the Board, as appointed by the Judges of Che Su perior Coart; H. A. Johnson, M. John A. Ranch, M. D , William Wagner, M. D.. Messrs. Samuel Board, William Giles and A. B. Reynolds. They were all present, and presented their bonds of office in the sum of J2fi,ooo. duly approved. The Mayor read a copy of the act constituting the sew Board. We bare already given Uto oat readers Major Rico was appointed temporary chairman cl the Board. - TSBMS OT OTTXC3. The Board next proceeded to select by lot tbe ti nn« of office of each of the mrmlrere. The draw ng mnbed tu the choosing of William Warner, I). 1)., and Mr. William Giles to act fort^oyears ; H. A Johnson, U. D.. and Mr. A. U. Reynolds for four sears ; and Jobe W. Ranch, M. D., and Jlr. Samuel Hoard for all years mcnoa of pitEsismrr. Mayor Rice was unanimously cto?cn President of lie Board. The M«yorsalrftbat be was thank ful for tbo honor conferred npon Tim. Be wav not aware tbs' he asr-med an Iccreascd responsi bility in accepting the office and desired to do his duty. He hoped that the meetings oi the. Sosrd would all be harmonious and that Its members would In variably labor with a vie v to attaining the object lor which their offices wcroconstilniea. BxcnrrAßT. The applications of Hiram Amlck. George Buckley, John Magonn, Major J. S. EUac and Cbarks >. Dunham for the ofitee of Secretary of the Boat d, were read and action deferred Iherooa nntll tbe next meeting. Dr. Ranch was chosen temporary Secretary. Tbe Board then adjourned until 4 p. m. on Monday next. , SHAVING ON TAXES. An Episode and Itt Leaeona—Six Per Gent. It Is well known to many that at the present time the County Treasury is empty, and parties who present to the Treasurer bills against the County, properly audited, are Informed that the claims cannot be paid until funda are received from the taxes. The Collectors In tbe dilt.rent divisions ol the city are engaged in making col lections, and probably have now not leas than &00,000 on band, nothing having yet been paid over. A few days ago a gentleman went wfrh a bill to the Treasurer, ana received the usual an swer that there were no funds on hand- He asked when the collections would come In and was told that about the nttcenth of May the collectors were remnred to pay over the am< nuts la their bauds, lie was also told that tLc collector fur the South Division had already received probably 1123,00.'. Tbe Treasurer could not say why these officers did not hand over these funds, except that they were not required t>y law to do it The claimant then wont to the collector of the South Division a*:d asked him to pay the amount or bis bill. This was decllaed, bat some one In tbe office Informed him that a gentleman corrected with a clothing store in the city coaid probably cash tbe orders. He applied to the gentle man Indicated, and was told that the bQI would be cashed for about six per cent, or at the rate of eome twenty-four per cent a year. Tbe applicant refused to submit to th!» shave, not being in great seed of money, and left somewhat discouraged, and at tbe same time enlightened as to oue of the* ways In which money la made. ibis instance shows that there is something wrong in the existing regulations In‘regard lo the collection of connty taxes. As long as the Collec tor £* not reunited to account for his funds until they are all collected, he may not be legally liable for not doing so. but It is at least very question able wh.'iho: he or others in bis office nrahttousethem for purposes of speculation, especially when the t-easury is empty and many creditor* axe trailing for their Just dues, the city Collectors are obliged to pay over the tax money to (beComptroller as fast as it is received, and the connty should bare similar regulations. Tbe money is collected from tbe people for the use of the people, and not for individual profit, and proceedings like the foregoing ora public wrongs. Battue op Tins Axizosa.—Mrs. B joth and lira. Brown are the wives of two men who live la the same house, ab No. 813 State street. Mrs. Booth Is a small woman, rather delicate, bat with a month whose lines indicate mnch firmness and decision. Her eyes are small and jet black, and exhibit mnch spirit. Mrs. Brown is younger, larger and with leatnres which indicate a spirit as bold and independent as her neighbor. It is use less to add that parties of each dispositions as animate 'here women cannot bebrought into the close relations ot neighbors In the same house without frequent mtetrnpUons of that harmony which eboala prevail la all well regulated lanu lies. Mrs. Booth and Mrs. Brown olten recrimi nate and empty slop-backets of abuse upon one another and npon the members of their neighbor's family with gieatfreqneniy. All this boded ill, »nd finally brought about a wmc nxptuxa. On Friday evenlngtbe two women met In the ball, 'ending out from which was a little verandah. The lie mss given ana returned and the Irate Amazons went on the verandah for the pm pose of settling their little trouble by force of arms. Mrs. mown was scratched a little and the hair of Mrs. Booth was disarranged, 'the next day they were before Justice D’Wolf. Now, women can testily rather strongly when in pas sion. This was tne case with airs. Brown, who represented her grievacces as very heavy. The husband of Mrs. Booth began to prow very mnch excited. Bo did the husband of Mrs. Brown. Finally Booth threatened to wnip Brown as soon as he should leave the Court, ice Coon there fore fined him S 5. Not long after he broke ont again: “ Mr. D'Wolf, this here Mrs. Brown Is to blumo. She goes around, telling about my wife and said that she was a winkin’ at the men. Ah 1 (to Mr. Brown) ITI show what yon are it tbe Court'll let me,' 1 whereat he fairly boded over with rage, and rnshed torionsiy ont of coortT either to calm bis passion, or tbrongh fear that the Court might nail on another fine. sir. Brown now began to testily. He had beard the rounds of-the conflict fromac adjacent outhouse, and thrust his head out of the window to see the progress of tbe fight. Mr. Booth returned at this juncture, and said: “he couldn’t get as good a view as 1 could. 1 stood atvreen aim and the wlmmin. Ycr honor, 1 can’t be stop phi here and be payin' money out o’ my wages for law In’ without 1 git Justice.'' Mr. Booth was here reminded tbat be mast be qmet or go to jail. Mr. Booth subsided. The Court thought he would be obliged to bold Mr.' and Mrs. Booth under bonds to kf’ep the peace. This was ail sat isfactory to Mr. Booth, provided tbe Court woo'd bold Mrs. Brown aider bonds cot to slander his wife any more. Tbe Court decided that slander was not a debatable point in tbe present case, which was one of assault. Whereupon Mr. and Mrs. Booth were obliged to give ootid:, which they did with a very bad grace. • Scironutiax Emiqbaht Aid Socirrr.—The annu:l meeting of the Scandinavian Emigrant Aid Society, was held Isst Monday eren ng, in tbe Swedish Church, No. 190 Superior street. Tbe Society is cow permanently established, having received a charter from the Legislators lost sea fton. While It was In operation last summer, it affO’ded relief to some 3.740 Scandinavians, who passed ihrongb the city in a destitute condition, otheiwlae unable to reach their destination is tbe interior. The ob,cct of (be Association, like that of the German Emigrant Society, is to asrlsi the poor emigrants, give them shelter ana food, and protect them from tbe snares of u*.scrupnlons “runners.” Ihe report «.t the -secretary shows, that daring the year, flM.ff; was expended iu bujintr tickets fo. emit rants: food wca distributed tolll lani- With 3St cb~iarca. and forty-two omnia per sons, the cast of which was $326.33; twcnty-slx pe.fc«ns were taken to the hospl al, and fifteen v ere i>bried at the expense of the Society. Em ployment his be.u procured for iss men, and n number of servant girl- nave been provided with situations Tbe olTcersof the Society expressed their grate ful acknowledgments lor tbe generous cjurlesy extended toward the Society by the raU.oid com panies, and particularly tee Northwestern Rail road'cmracy. whicb tor more than two months uli«.wcd tbelr freirbt house to be used as a dwell ing for the emigrants, at a considerable sac rifice to themselves. Tne following arc the offi cers of tbe Bodety: President—A. Jacobson. Vice President— C. AL Lindgren. ) res sorer—F. S. Winslow. Secretary— Paul Andersen. Agent—Erick stone. The Tditobz. Chubb tub Riven at Was ms o tos Street. — The work on the tunnel at Wtsh inston sUcetisnowndfazicin.L! at a very sadafite toryrate. This Is the more gratlf-ing as the, wo»k was much delayed durlcir tho past winter' by the caving m of the excavation at the west cndoftbetunnel. This occurred during the lat ter part ol December, when, owlig to an order from the Board of Public Works, tbs piling of the eou'h side wall was removed preparatory to widening the tunnel two or three fo-t. The sup .pottsbavtngbeeniakenawoy the wall was in great danger of lading in. A period of continuous bad weather finally caused the wall of tba north side to Csli In, carrying with it and destroying a powerful engine which bad been used In the prosecution of the work. It took a long ime to repair the mischief thus wrought Now, as navigation is opening, the piling of the cofiVr dam extends crnsidcraoly more than half way across the nver, rendering It impossible for more than a single vessel to pass by at one time. Hail not ihe accident above mentioned occurred, it is probable that the eastern coder oam would nave be n finished entirely, and that portion of the tonne! which passes under It would have been finished at the end ol the first two or three months of spring. As It Is, a great obstruction will exist to toe passage of vessels during the coming summer, ana this wiU he productive of much annoyance. About sixty men are now en gaged in excavating and pushing forward the coder dam. It is exnecud that within a week a dredge «ill be set at work filling tn the north and south sides of the dam, which within a lew weeks will be entirely complete and ready for the be ginning of operations at the bottom. Tennis a Oct.—Robert Slckley drove hla team on Saturday at a funereal pace on the State street car uack. Ho was soon overtaken bya street car, the driver of which vainly rung the boll to warn him from tbe track. Robert whsdrunkand didn't care. Ihe driver shoaled to him to move otf. Robert replied that if the driver was In a burry bo bad better “ turn out” and drive by. A pasflng policeman took Robert in charge, and at the Police Couxt be was fined $5. COMMON COUNCIL. {OFFICIAL J2EPOBT.] Adjourned Scholar Meeting:—March . 29, 18G7. Present— His Honor tbe Mayor and Aldermen Knickerbocker, Cox, Carter. D*Wolf, Wicker, Wilmartb, Calkin;, Kami, Finnncan, Moore. Schuler, Rafferty, Talcott, Woodard. Blxby, Rus sell, Ackboff, Huntley, Franzen, Rob, Engel, Shackford, Lawson, O’Sullivan. Barrett, Hatch, Wallwork, Friable, Holden, Gaa (field, Froudfoot, Clatk. PEHPIKO XOTIOH. Aid. Calkins moved tbat the motion of Aid. Woodard, pending which the Council adjourned on tbe 25th instant, to concur in certain portions ot the report of the Select Committee on Salaries, be laid on the tabic. Tbe motion prevailed. prrmoHS asp cozzuhicatxohs. Petition of citizens for the appointment of L. Kent as Assistant Agent to negotiate between the city and holders of lota m the old Cemetery, Mlicb was, on motion of Aid. Woodard, Referred to the Committee on Streets and Alleys. N. D. Palllon of citizens la relation to learns, Ac., crossing bridges, and the opening of said bridges, wus, on motion of Aid. Wicker, Referred to Committee on Harbor and Bridges. Communication from Aid. Woodward, cover* ing resolution In relation to the opening and closing of bridges, was, on motion oi Aid. Wicker, _ , , „ , Referred to Committee on Harbor and Bridges. Fcti'loii of Roll* Pearsoll and others, petition ot Joseph alcdllland others, petition of Geo. 3. Grjy and others, petition of J. P. Brady and others, praying for the passage of an ordinance rrgalatiog the opening and closing of bridges, and tee passage of vessels through the same, were, on motion of Aid. Calkins, Referred to committee on Harbor and Bridges. Invitatlcn from the Board of Public Works to at tend the ceremonies of laying the corner atone of the new Water Works was, on motion of Aid. Wicker, Placed on flic. Fetillon of Ledlie, Lowell & Co la relation to their sub-contracts ior work on the Illinois and Michigan Canal, was. on motion of Aid. D’ Wolf, Referred to Committee on Finance. Petition of Ferdinand Kalveiage for the refund ing of taxes, was, on motion of Aid. Calkins, Referred to the Comptroller. Petition of Geo. Schuller for free express li cense, was. on motion of Aid. Bah, Referred to the Mayor with power to act. Petition of Usnnah Stricklin, for free psddler’s license, was, on motion of Aid. Kasn, Referred to Committee on Licenses. Petition of Wtfllam Goggtas, for payment lor filling certain alloys therein named, was, on mo tion of Aid. Kaon, . Kefemd to the Board of Public Works. Petition ofR. McChesncy. for rebate on license for doable team, was, on motion of Aid. u >v o»i, Refemd to the Mayor with power to *«. Communication from the Judges of Lhe S u po rior Conn of Chicoio. cfrn'jiog W lhe "PPOInO B. 'H WiliiaHi Giles, as the Board of Health ol* |S City of Chicago, was, on motion of Ald.D’Wolt tfivllllam A. Brlard for the refunding was.on motion of Aid. U’Wolf, toSmdtothe Comptroller. , ir Hrodon of B- H. Williams. tor redaction of m on motion of Aid. B’Wolf, netorred to :he Comptroller. . A i Petition ot David UoodwUUe for the return of taze«, wa», on morion of Aid. Raflhrty, ueierred to tbe Comotroller. Petition of t». P. Biede for second-hand dealer** *£»** w ?"* 00 motion of AW. O'sollivan, Ker*md »o in* committee on licenses. tJiiVfe? 11 K f l l ' or,hne>teru ManuiaetnrtntCo»- Bd hwn bUemlof taxes, was, on motion of Inferred *o tbe Crtnotroller. oMutL 11 * T ‘ Cr>n ® * Brother, for abate* mei lot larc'. wjp, on morion of Aid. K**n. Referred to the Cjoiptroßer. Petition of Mrs. L. M. loom!*, far redaction of taxes, was, cn morion of Aid. Kana Icum *“ w “ ** R» ’erred to iht- Comptroller Petition of Edward McConnel and others, to bridge tbe - lip on Lumber street between Union acn Ralatcd streets, was, on motion of Alt. Bixbv, Referred to the Board of PnbUc Works. Petition of U. Meyer, for second-hand dealer's license, w as, on motion of Aid. O’Suilma, heferred to Committee on Licenses. Communication from Aid. Wicker. 1b relation to tbe passage of vessels through the bridge* over the Chicago River, was. on motion of Aid. Moore, Referred to the Msvor, Corporation Coun sel, and Committee on Harbor ar.d Bridges, with ins tractions to prepare and report an ordinance on the subject. Petition of Patrick BlaVc. for compensation for Injuries to horse and wagon, was, on motion ot Aid. Calkins, Referred to Committee on Finance. Petition of butchers, for return of money paid for licenses, was. os motion of Aid. Wicker, Laid on the table. Petition of property holders In relation lo the grade of Klnzte street, was, on motion of Aid. Lawson, Referred to the Board of Public Works. TOTCTO PLACES. a# .Oi.n.d .1,.. .!■_ u Petition of citizens praying tbit tbe voting plsce for the First District, Eighth Ward, be charged from Kaiser’s Saloon, corner of fhruop ana Sampson streets, to lie School Honse at the corner of Bine Island avenue and Sampson street. Remonstrance ofWilliam Kaiser against said change. Communication from M. L. Friable In support of the above petition. Aid Schuler moved that the prayer of the peti tion be granted, and The motion prevailed. Aid. D’Wolf moved that the voting place for Ihe First District, Third Ward, be changed from tbe comer of Tavlor and Clark streets to tbe Morns Coal Office on Clark street, north of Tay lor street, and The motion prevailed. OFFICIAL BOWP9. The Clerk presented the official bond of John McArthur, Commissioner of the Board of Public Works tor the West Division. Aid. Kami moved that the bond be approved. The motion prevailed, and the bond was ap proved by the following vote: Knickerbocker, Cos.L'arter, D’Wolf; Wicker, Wilmanb, Catkins, Kaon, Fiznucaa, Moore. Scbn’er. Rafferty, Talcott, Woodard, Blx by, Russell, Ackboff, Franr.cn, Rnh, Engel, Sbackfoid, Lawson, O'Sollivan, JVoe»—None. Ayes- 23. Xott —None. (/,•—.,uuc* The Clerk presented the official bond of A. H. Barter, Commissioner of tbe Board of Public Works for the Division. Aid. Calkins moved that tbe bond be approved. Tbe motion prevailed, and- the ooi.d was ap proved by the fol'owmg vote: Ayes— A'd.Knlckerbockrr, Cox, Carter. D’Wolf, Wicker, Wilmanb. Calkins, Kasn, Finnucaa, Moore, Schuler, RafTcriy. faicott, Wooaard, Baby, Bussell, AckhotZ. Pranzen, Rnh, Engel, Shaekiord, lawaon, O’Sullivan. Xoes —Ncn,*. Ayes— S3. bxsioxatiow. The Clerk presented the resignation of Isnie Rntisbanser as Inspector of Election for the Second District, Fourth nib Ward. «. Aid. DTVolf moved that the resignation he ac cepted, and The notion prevailed. 8C8F25190W OT BCUB. Aid. Wicker moved t? at tao rules be suspended in order to take m> a communication and.ordl narc - In ro'atlou to hatchers* licenses. Ihe motion prevailed bribe followli g vote; Ayes— Aid. Knickerbocker. Cox, Carter, Wicker, Wtimanh, Calkins. Flunncan, Moore, Schuler, Rafferty, Bixby, Russell, Ackhoff, Hartley, France::, Rub. Engel, Lawson. Ale*—Aid.Bonn, Shackford, O’BnlHvan. Ayes—lo. Aces-5. Aid. D'Wolfmoved that the ordinance be re ferred to »be Clerk for engrossment. Carried. repo ms ov rustic omcnis. 7be Board of Pobtie Works presented a report in relation to tbe leasing of the ends of streets In the central parts of the ci:y. Aid. Wilmartb moved tbat the report be referred to tbe Committee on Wharves and Public Grounds. Tarried. The Board of Public Works presented a report and'ordmance for rhd vacation an d re-location of a portion of Pine sheet, between Chicago arcana ana Pearson street. Aid. Sbackford moved that tbe report and ordl narce be referred to thu Committee on Streets and Alleys, N.D. Canted. '1 be Commissioner ot Taxes presented & report in relation to tbe division of the city into assess ment districts. Aid. Eann moved that the report be concurred In and published, acd - The motion prevailed. Tre icport Is as follows: lo the Mayor and Aldermen of the city of Chica go, in Cvmr.wn Council aiiembbdc GxirmzxEir: Tbe Commissioner of Taxes, in accordance with bis duties, as defined by section two (3) of chaptironc (1) of the amended Charter, approved March Otb,lSC', has proceeded to make, and boa made, surh assessment districts as he detins convenient lor assessment acd collection purposes, being eight In number, and here with submits the same for your examination and approval, viz.: District Number Oce (1). To be all tbit part of the booth Division of the city <f Chicago situate and being north ot Twelfth (kith) street. District Number Two f 2). To be all that part of the South Division of the city of Chicago situate between Twelfth (12th) and Thirty first (Slat) streets. DtstnctNuober three (3). To be all that part ot the South Division of the city of Chicago situate and laying south of Thirty first (31st) snect. Dl liict Number Four (i). To be all that part of tne West Division of the city of Chicago, situate and laying sooth of Twelfth (12th) street. District Number Five (S). To be all tbat part of tbe West Division of the city oi Chicago situate and laying between Xw clflh (12th) street acd Kjnzie street. District Number Six (C). To be all tbat part of the We-t Division of the city ol Chicago situate and laying north of Kin ziu street. District Number Seven (7). - To be all tlat part of the North Division of the city of Chicago situate and being south of Divis ion street. District Number Eight (3). To be ell that part ot the North Divi-lon of the dtr of Chicago situate and lay tug north of Divis ion street. All of which Is rcspecftiUy submitted. Cmam N. Holdzut, Commissioner of Taxes. The City Comptroller presented a communica tion in relation to lea-irg tne ends of streets, wblcb. on motitn of Aid. Kann, vn Ktiemd to Committee on Wharves and Pnhlle Grounds. Tbe Board of Public Works presented a report in relation to the amoont to be paid to Messrs. Unit & Gowan, cn tbelr contract for tbe cobsbuc ticn of the l-ak« funnel. Aid. D’Wolf moved that the report be referred to (be Committee on Finance and published, and T te motion prevailed. Ibc report I* as follows: RETORT TO THE COZZOH COrKCtZ* OmciorruE Board or Public works, I Chicago, .MarcudS, 1567. f To the Buy or and Aldermen of (he cUyof Chicago, In Common Council alternated .* The Board o! Public Works having rally com pleted the Lake Tunnel, are now in a position to look into lbs qa- ftion of Its cost to ihe contrac tors. iliesre. Lull & Gowan, and to consider tba propriety of marine them any payment beyond what may be fotmd as strictly dno thorn under the letter of the contract. Fromastatementmadcby the contractors (o the Board It would seem (hut the total coat to them of work on the Innnel, deducting 59,400 for value cf machinery, rails and other etock on hand, aua allowing them nothing for personal services,!* *StG,tXO. That on the work included In this amount of coft, tbero baa been paid, or will be paid, to them 588V84.G0. The Board ought, in justice to Messrs. 801 l and Gov. an, to say that they have flnlrned their work very satisfactorily, and with great credit to them*, selves. Ana also, ibattn tbelr vaiioua applica tions to the Council, dome the progress of the work, while the Hoard declined to recommend or encourage any increase of price in the then un finished state cf the work, we did encourage them to push forward the work to Us completion, and assured them if It should be energetically and economically prosecuted, that the city would un doubtedly s*e that they should not be losers by tbelr conuact; ihat they would be pdd lor their oirlay, and a reasonable profit. We recommend that a committee be appointed by your honorable body to confer with the Board on •his matter, with Instructions to make such la vesUgalLns,and report as the facts may seem to require. Respectfully submitted, J. O. Gem rut. Firm. Lrrz, O. J. Rose. Board of Poolie Works. J. S. Pickard. Secretary of the Board of Educa tion, presented a communication covering an or dinance authorizing the issue of school bonds. Aid. Eann moved that tbe communication and dalliance be referred to the Committee on Schools. Carried. BSUBOSSm OEPCCAXCES. The Clerk presented an engrossed ordinance allowing tbe Pittsburgh. Fort Wayne & Chicago Railway Company to maintain a petroleum ware home. Aid. Kann moved tbat the ordinance be passed. Tht motion prevailed, and the ordinance was passed by the lollowing vote: Ayes—Aid. Knickerbocker, Cox, Carter, D’Wolf, Wicker, Wilmanh, Calkins, Bonn, Flnnacan, Moore, Schuler, Rafferty, Talcntr, Woodard, Btx by, Russell, Ackboifi Hontl-.y, Franzen, Run, En gel, Sbackford, Lawson, O’bollivan. Ayes— M. Hoes— Nose. The following Is the ordinance as passed: AH Obdihahce allowing tbe Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago Railway Company to main tain tbe petroleum warehouse erected by them at tbe comer of Stewart avenue and Twelfth street, in tCc city ot Chicago. Be it ordained by (he Common Council of the city of Qtlecgo : fazcnoH I. That permission is hereby grren to tbe Pit-sburgb, Fort Wayne A Chicago Railway Company to keep and maintain for the exclusive storage of petroleum, gasoline, naptha, ben zine, campbeiie, spirit gas, burning fluid and spirits of turpentine, the new ware house erected by said company at the southeast comer of Stewart avenue and Twelfth street, in the city of Chicago, tbe location and construction of the same having been approved by tbe Fire Marshal of raid aty: Branded, however, such permission shall be subject to amendment, moal ficatioo or revocation by said Common Council. The Clerk presented an engrossed oninaoee for the better regulation of nlsbt scavengers with in tbe limits of tbe city cf Chicago. . Aid. Knickerbocker moved that the ordinance be passed. Aid. Bub moved an amendment, that tho ordi nance be laid over and published. Aid. Ruh withdrew nU amendment. The question then being on Aid. Knickerbock er’s motion. the ordinance was passed by the fal len leg vote; Ayes— Aid. Knickerbocker, Cox, Carter Wolf, Wicker. Wiimartb, Calkins, Kano, Flnnucan, Moore, Schuler, Kanerty, Talcott, Woodird. Btz by, Hmeell, AckhoO, Huntley, Fraazen, Rub. LngeL Lawsor, O'Snllivaii. Ao—Aid. Shackford. Ayes— 23. Hoes— 1. The following is the ordinance as passed: As OunisAscE tor the better reanlanon of night ecavengeis within the limits of tho city of Chx- Be if ordained by the Common Council of tAe City SiSmtT 'unit It «h»U 60 160 tho own er.drlrerormarager.axid each of them, of any nisht scavenger wsgon, always to keep noon each side ofauch right wwn, to the night time, a lighted lamp with plain sla-s front and tidrs wfih the number oi tho license of such rra?on painted with b ack paint on tho aides and front o/eahb of aald lamps, in distinct and legible fames at least two inches to size, and so placed that said lamps may be distinctly sten and said oombcrsfaal'ytead. bzc. 2. Am owner, driver or manager of any such night rcivenger wason who shall violate any provision of Ibis otdinanev, shad bo fined not less than twenty-five nor more than one hnndred dol lars for each and every oflence. Fec.3. Ibis ordinance shall hem force from and after its passage and due publication. REPORTS OP STANDING COMMITTEES. nSASCE. Aid. ‘Wicker, of the Ccmmlttee on Finance, (o whom had been referred the petition of Gladding i tulle'* for relief from certain sewer contracts, submitted a report recommending the passage of on accompanying order. Aid. Carter moved that the report be concurred is, and the oidtr referred to the Clerk for en giottmean Aid. RsScrty moved as an amendment, that the whole subject ma'ter be refernm to the Cotpora- Ucu Counsel for his written opinion. The amendment was carried. ADJocumtxsr. Aid. Baaed! moved that the Council do now ad- mollftn nrefaQed. and the Council stood •ojowwd! Tn BODMAK. City Clerk.