Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, April 3, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated April 3, 1867 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

Cljicagff tribune. W Iff.T, TRI.WKEKLV AHDWEEKM. OFFICE* Bo.fll CIaABH-ST. Tl.fr. ,rji riirrr nflltlftf * ** mTa*B*a IWOOH, lit. There are three omtwM camera, newimen Every mormne,tor Mon(JtJB . w<* and r»e matu- m-J tt »iU only; and the ssStSsa.** 0 * ««■ ->■•*«» aounter aadhVneWKO'®- Terms of the Chlcaao Tribune: tt« city tt>er WCcfc).....’...® fid pauydcavertiaw - (.->3 quarter).... 3.90 n.itr to mall reMCrtbcrs (per annum, pay*. _ Bdrasce) Iti.OO rrt.w«*fr-fr* r asms, payable te adracee) (i.O« fp-ranenm. PtraW in adTapcn I.o*l g&- Fractional parts ol tbe year at the same rates. reattuag ana orderjoz five or more copies of either the Tri-Weekly or Weekly edition-, ziay retain ten per cent of the satecripoon price as a eomaisnoa. Hone* to StruscxiFwa.—in ordering tne address oi your papers chanted. »o ereveal delay, oe sure and speeffy what edition yea tat*- ueufcjy. Trt-Weekly, OCDaUy. Aito t #STeyourpa*sxvr»QdCtttaread4rett %T Honey, by Draft, Expran. «oacy orders, otla fiajlsterodLencr#, maybesratatoar rUX. address, TRIBDVR TOm Chlenro. Tt>« WEDNESDAY, APRIL 3, 1807. THE CONNECTICUT ELECTION. It is more than ten years since the State of Connecticut was carried In any election by the so-called Democratic party. At no time has It been regarded as certain to give a Re publican majority; nevertheless, at each annual election, it has been carried by the Republicans by majorities ranging from a few hundreds to ten thousand. Prior to the passage of the Nebraska BUI, It was reckon ed as sound a Democratic State as New Jer sey or Mississippi. After a lapse of twelve years, during which the rebellion has been put down, slavery abolished, and universal suffrage adopted as the basis of reconstruc tion, Connecticut has been once more car ried by tbe Democracy, by a vote of some thing less than one thousand. This result Is not what we have wished, but it is notwilbont some compensating ad vantages. A minority to as essential to the successful working of republican govern ment ns a majority. A healthful opposition is necessary to bring tho party in power up to its work, and to keep it os its good be havior. For three years past there has boon practically no minority, as an element of government, in existence in this country. The opposition to the Republican parry has been able to muster barely forty votes in the House of Representatives and ten in the Senate, while it has held the reins of local government in only four States. So pitiful a minority, so inefficient an opposition, ope rates neither as a spur or a check upon the party in power, but merely as a cause of Ir ritation. It was powerless for either good or barm, and might as well have been strangled utterly, aud handed over to the doctors for dissection. In view of the fact that an opposition Is needful, even though It come from a had party, the result of the election in Connecticut is not altogether to be deplored, John Randolph said that the most efficient majority in the world was a majority of one. If the Con necticut Republicans bad been 44 put to their trumps” two years ago, when voting upon the question of admitting colored men to the right of suffrage, it is more than probable that they wonld have given a ma jority for that wise and just policy, in which case they would have had enough votes this time to have re-elected General Haw ley, and saved two members of Congress. But they were intoxicated with success. They were too powerful to be altogether honest. It is to he hoped that they have learned a lesson. The election In Connecticut has another significance. Mr. English, the Democratic nominee for Governor, is not a representa tive man of his party. He supported the war, and voted for the Constitutional Amendment abolishing slavery. On all test questions daring his Congressional career, he was found voting with such Democrats as Moses F. Odell and Henry G. Stebbios, of New York. For nearly all purposes he" might as well have been a Republican. The real representative men of the Connecticut Democracy are the Seymours, the IngersolU. and the Tonccys,'tho men who opposed tbe war, who declared it to" be a failure, who resisted the draft, and aided the rebellion by all the means In their power. These men have been beaten so often, and by such tremendoss majorities, that the party has finally discarded them. In patting Mr, English forward at this time the Democracy Lave made their obeisance to Republican principles. They have bowed to the spirit of tbe age, and accepted its teachings. Hence the result of the election gives no hope to the reactionists that the policy adopted by Congress is to be reversed or im peded, That the cause ol equal political and civil rights Is going on conquering and to conquer, is shown with only less force and vividness in the Connecticut elec tion than in the splendid Republican victories In the municipal elections held on the same day in Dubuque, Cincinnati and Toledo. UNITKBSAL SUFFBIGE. >; . J Towards the close of the late seisidu'of Cowrresa there was presented to tfaafbody a memorial, signed by a number*tithe mem bers of both branches of the Legislature of the State of Maryland, praying the Inter positioD'ofthe National Government in the civil government ofthat Slate. This memo rial alleges that the present government of the State bas ceased to be republican in form; that It opens tbe suffrairc to all per sons wbo have been in rebellion, and, closes it to nearly one-balf tbe citizens of tbe State. The facts of this Maiyland case are, as we understand them, to tbe effect: That when the war broke out tbe Government ofMary land was really in favor of secession; tbe Legislature which met that year was about to declare the State seceded, when the mem bers were arrested. Tbe police authorities of Baltimore, under tbe Kane dynasty, were removed, and a number of them were imprisoned. Tue State Government then passed Into Union hands, tbe rebel leaders, particularly these of tbe Legislature and Baltimore police, finding their way to tbe rebel army. Under tbe control of the Union party, the Constitution was modified in certain particulars, a Metropolitan Police was provided for tbe city of Baltimore, a registry of voters required, and all persons who bad participated in the rebellion were excluded, from voting. Thomas Swann was elected Governor as a Union man. bat find ing it to bis interest to change his politics, he has become the leading spirit in the old rebel His direct interposition In the affair of tbe Baltimore election, by the re moval of tbe Union Police Commissioners, and the consequent opening of the registry hooks to the disfranchised rebels, secured tbe election of a Legislature, the majority of which was as rebel in sentiment as were those arrested for treason by McClellan. .This Legislature at its recent session devot ed itself to the undoing of all that bad been done by tbe Union party daring and since tbe war. They have declared that tbe arrest of the Legislature in 18C1 by the United States was illegal, and have voted to pay to the members of that body a regular per dkm for the time they were incarcerated in Port Warren* and also to pay Kane's Baltimore police foi cc, which was disbanded by the Unl ted States for the treasonable acts of Its members. The Legislature refused to except from these allowances those who took part in tbe rebellion as soldiers and officers of the rebel army. They have provided for a re organization of the Slate militia, refusing to exclude from the officers of that militia those persons v> ho were in the Confederate service. The object and purpose of this last-named law arc evident, and are ominous. The Leg islature bas also issued an order for the election of delegates to a Convention to re model the State Constitution and restore it to its ancient condition. Tbe negro popula tion largely preponderates in one portion of the State, and In the other portion the while? are ail Union men. The scheme for a new Convention is to make the aggregate population the basis of representation in the State Legislature, bat confines the suffrage to tbe whites. Under this rule the ♦‘lower” counties on the Potomac and Ches apeake Bay, where the whites are compara tively few and all rebels, win have a repre eentation exceeding that of the western cocnlles, where tbe pe»p*.e are nearly all white and ate all for the Union. These arc tbe circumstances under which the memorial is presented to Congress, ask ing tbe Intervention of tbe United States to prevent the election and holding of the pro posed Convention, unless all the people, white and black, shall be entitled to vote. The action end conduct of the Legislature of Maryland Is reprehensible and Inexcusa ble, but we do not see that Congress has any warrant for inter ference. In the rebel States, to use tbe emphatic language of Andrew Johnson, the close of the war found the people without any civil government of any kind—Union or rebel. In those Stales It was necessary to organize Govern - meats anew, just as If there never had been any previous Government there. The doty of directing and providing for this organiza tion of Stale Governments where there was none, devolving upon Congress, it was right and proper for Congress to declare the quali fication of voters, and to make that qualifi cation as democratic as possible, paying no regard for tbe groundless prejudges of the past, and recognizing all American freemen as political eqaals. While the authority for this action by Congress in the recent rebel States is clear and unquestioned, and the ne cessity for its exercise urgent and unavoid able, It by no means follows that Congress is - to do tbe same thing In all other States Where the Governments of such States refuse to adopt impartial suffrage. We see that Mr. Snmncr, who, so far as we can remember, never originated a practical measure, though he has arrested or impeded the passage of many, 1m Introduced a bill | into Congress abolishing alt State laws and I Constitutions, and making suffrage nnlvcsil. This bill is based upon vhe sime loasonlug that suggested the Maryland memorial. It assumes that because Impartial suffrage is right and jnst in itself, that tbcr«*fcro Con* gross is warranted in resorting to any meas ures that will establish that policy. The Maryland memorial asks that the united States shall declare that because the Legis lature of that State proposes to hare the Constitution remodelled, and excludes the colored population from voting for the del crates, or upon the ratification of tho Con stitution, that the State is without a repub Mean form of- -government, and should bo under military authority like’ North Carolina or Louisiana. Mr, Sumner’s bill assumes that all the States wherein impartial sutflmgo ,1b denied are deprived of a republican form of government, and be proposes not to dis place tho existing Governments by organ izing new ones, but to remedy the defect 'in State laws and Constitutions by the flue and imprisonment of all persons who aid or abet in the denial oflmpartlal suffrage. Of tho two propositions, Sumner’s Is tho least prac tical, and therefore tho most unwise, while it is equally with the other Inconsistent with the constitutional functions of Congress. Why should Congress interfere in tho case of Maryland, and not In that of Kentucky ? A State Convention has boon called In Illinois to amend the Constitution, and negroes arc to be excluded from voting fbr tho delegates to that Convention; why not as well ask that the Government of Illinois bo deposed, onr Constitution and laws set aside, and have a Convention called by a military officer ? There Is hardly a Slate in this Union in whoso State Constitution there is not some provision an tagonistie to the broad principles of repub lican equality. Illinois and Kentucky deny suffrage to free citizens who are not white. Rhode Inland denies suffrage to white citi zens of foreign birth unless they have a property qualification. New Hampshire ex cludes members of the Catholic Church from, the privilege of holding office. Illinois dis criminates against citizens of foreign birth by requiting of them fourteen- years of cltl* rcnshlp to be eligible to certain offices. In some of the Stales the period of resi dence to entitle citizens to vote is six months; in others one year, and in others two veore. In some States persons of African descent are entitled to vote on an equality with the whites; in others they me denied the privilege altogether, and in others are required to have property qualifi cations- If Congress is to exercise the power oi deposing State Governments, blotting oat State Constitutions and laws, and under mil itary role or penal laws, require them to be all of one standard, in one instance, why stop at Maryland? In tbs meantime, while this work is going on, what States will compute the Union ? The Supreme Court, even when Taney was its presiding Judge, could not resist the in evitable lawoftheConstltntion,and declared that the power was absolute in Congress, whenever a State Government ceased to he republican in form, to destroy the nsurpa* lion and provide for organizing a new Gov «rument. Sneb a state of• circumstances existed in the case of the rebel States, and Congress Las executed the power vested in It with respect to them. Impartial suffrage is, of coarse, the nearest approach to democracy In that particular, that is attainable under onr form of govern ment. Impartial suffrage can only be made National in one of two ways. .One of these Is by the voluntary action of the States, and the other Is by an amendment to the Con stitution of the United States. The States will not, acting separately, be in a hurry to adopt it; the unwillingness not proceeding so much from any opposition to it as a mat ter of right and justice, as from an objec tion to offer special inducements for that population to migrate to their limits. Bat there is not a State of the Union that volun tarily voted to ratify the Constitutional Amendment abolishing slavery that will not as voluntarily vote to ratify an amend ment making Impartial suffrage the supreme law of the nation. We trust, therefore, that all propositions like this of the Maryland memorial; and Mr. Sumner’s bill, will be disregarded by Con gress and the country, and that,without any hesitation or delay, there will be submitted ■ to the Legislatures of the States an amend ment to the Constitution making suffrage co extensive with freedom, and make it the : inalienable right of all male adults in tho Union. That is the shortest, safest, and most practical way of settling the whole difficulty, and one to which the whole coun try, North and Sontb, looks for a peaceful buluilon of all onr troubles. tkib national «»ebt. It is announced that the National Debt has ticen reduced fifteen millions during the last month of March, which is an cxcedingly gratifying statement; but it must betaken witn some grains of allowance, for another report by telegraph says that on the 80lb of ilarch there was one hundred and fourteen raffllocs of gold lying in the Treasury ! -When the official statement of the debt for llarch is published it will turn out that the reduction of the debt consists in an addition to the vast board of idle money in the vaults of the Treasury. The gold and "Teenbacks belonging to tbe Govern ment in the Sub-Treasuries, or deposited tn the National Banks, exceed one hundred and seventy-five millions of dol lars. And the accumulation goes on from month to mouth. No portion ol tbe interest- nearing debt is being paid off. The Fire* Twenties are rapidly increasing; the Seven -1 hirties and the compound interest notes arc being converted into six per cent gold bonds just as fast as the commission brokers hired by Secretary McCulloch cm do it. Each monthly statement exhibits a large in crease of gold bonds, and a further accu mulation of idle told. The sis per cent bonds of the United States, payable principal and interest in cola, arc sold In England for seventy-fire per cent to sterling; they are worth eighty at home, in American coin. Bat this Is a shameful discount on a six per cent bond, payable principal and interest in coin. How shall we account for it? Vari ces theories may be offered, and each seems plausible. One reason may undoubtedly be found in the enormous volume of our debt. If the debt were but one.quarter or one balf of its present magnitude, the National credit would stand much higher in foreign money markets. Our bonds would probably be quoted at as great a premium as they now are at a discount. The Secretary of the Treasury can spare enough gold to buy up and cancel one hundred millions of the Seven-Thirties, and enough currency to pur- ; chase twenty-five or thirty millions more. Who can doubt the effect of a financial ope ration of this description? We could then boast with truth that the bonded debt was actually reduced by one hundred and thirty millions, and that $300,000 per month of in terest was forever saved. The process of converting Seven-Thirties into Fivc-Twcn ries would still goon; but capitalists would know that the supply of the former had been seriously diminished, and that the vol ume of Five-Twenties, when funding ceases, will be less by §189,000,000 than the aggre gate of the two hinds of bonds. The en hanced credit of the outstanding bonds would certainly equal the reduction of the whole mass, which would be six per | cent. The gold value of a Five-Twenty Vond would then be cighty-fivo cents on the collar instead of eighty cents as at present. The beneficial effect might be much greater than six per cent, but it Is unnecessary to claim it. A financial act, which by releas ing the idle and useless money in the Treas ury would save the tax-payers nearly ten millions a year of interest nnd improve the felling price of the National securities by six [per cent, would surely be a wise oper aiion. The theory of the Secretary of the Treasury seems to be that a vast accumula tion ol gold and currency will exercise ' a potent influence on the National cur rency The value of the bonded debt he disregards. But unless tse value of the bonds can be improved it is useless to think of enhancing the pnrehaslng power of the greenbacks. They are also oaits of the National Debt,differing in intrin sic and commercial value only In the fact that one draws interest and the other does not. Tt is true that the “greenback” is a le gal tender for a debt, but it will not purchase as much gold or real estate, bread, Tncit, clothing, fnel or labor as a Five-Twenty or Seven-Thirty bond by six to eight per cent in currency'; or, in other words, the lat ter form of National promises-to-pay is the more valuable to the extent of the interest they draw. The greenbacks may fluctuate up and down, more or less, but they | will always average about the amount of in* terest which the hoed bears, less In prir’e , than the bond. The legal tender quality of the greenbacks may add perhaps one or two per cent to their commercial value, but that Is all. They are now worth seventy our cents in gold, while a six per cent Five- T« enty bond sells readily at eighty cents on the dollar. The greenbacks can appreciate no faster in gold value than the Five-Twen ties. "Whatever influence Increases the price of the latter also Improves that of the for mer. When a Five-Twenty bond will bring par in gold, greenbacks will be worth about ninety-five cents, and gold will be quoted at 100 instead of 184, as it now Is. There ought to be some means of force-pumping the fact into the bead of the Secretary of the Treasury that greenbacks arc -simply nen interest-bearing obligations of the United States, and that it is impossible to enhance their geld value up to that of the interest bearing bonds, by the process of hoarding the surplus moneys of the Government. The best way to improve the credit of the nation is to apply its surplus funds in pay ment of its obligations. The fewer bonds outstanding, ibe greater will be the valne of the remainder, until the debt is reduced to that point where absolute confidence, abroad as well as at hf mo. la fell in the will of the people and the ability of the Government to meet their i übllc engagements punctually and certainly. This confidence will in crease with lime, but if the idle cash In tho Tieasury were applied on the debt. It would instantly strengthen public faUh, as well as plop interest, and thereby promote tho abil ity of the tax-payers to liquidate the remain der of tho debt,. CHILI. HILLING. We published yesterday the circumstances of the killing; in this city, of a little girl by ’ her brutal father. The Rilling was not the result of sudden bent, or of n chance blow given under provocation. The child died from a (logging which was but part of a long continued system ofcrucllv practiced by her father. The country has been shocked by tbe recital of tho facts of tho Lindsey ease where the,father, giving way to his owu pas sion, continued whipping his child until at last it sank and died from tho effect. Siuco then wo hare had, In various parts of the country, a series of eases involving cruelty towards children of tho most revolting character. In all these eases, however, barbarities were practiced upon children by persons not their parents. In our owu city we have had a ease of tho destruction ol a child’s life by its own mother, who throw it into the river. That, however, was a ease whore the killing took place la n sccoud, aud by an act which cruel ns U was. might hare been repented the next morocut. Not 80, however, wna the ease of tho man who, three days ago, heat his child to death. So far «a the depravity of tho act is concerned, each blow wna a murder ami the evidence of acowatdly mul fiendish heart. For many long.months this little girl had boon tor- tmod by her brutal father. Let those who have Uttlo ones around them and who have- hearts that ean ai'preclato tho suffering to which chil dren are so sensitive, think of tho agony, not alone of body but of mind, which that Uttlo girl muet have endured through her years of torture at the hands of tho brute who claimed her as hU child. Think of tho nights of sleepless suffering through which that child had pasted, not only in the en durance of physical pain from his blows, but from the waut ol that love aud kindness which aro as essential to child life as la tbe air they breathe. To measure tho child’s suffering it is only necessary to ask a. mother what consideration would she accept and have her child’s life blighted by the con sciousness that its parents had withdrawn their affection, and held li in aversion. That this man was a coward at heart is patent from the fact that betook pleasure in cruelly beating a child of twelve years, unable to defend herself from his brutality. It Is difficult to Imagine a monster more ut terly lost to the feelings of human affection than the wretch who too much a coward to attempt his brutality upon those able to re rent It, selected a helpless girl, bis own child, os his victim and upon her tender body expended her strength in cruel ilagge latlon. To what other ears than those of a fiend would the piteous cries of the bruised and bleeding child sound like grateful music? Who bnta coward and a brute hav ing once beard such music would wish to bear it again. Cruelty to children to tho extreme of bru- Cality, and whenever tbe law docs obtain cognizance of it the guilty should be pun isbed with unpitying severity. Children have no protection from those In whose hands they are placed, save that which the law affords. The crime is but rarely com mitted so publicly that it can bo legally proven; but, as a wholesome restraint upon the vicious, the law should be so adminis tered that when a case to brought to light the evil-doers may read in tbe severity of tbe punishment tbe penalty which they merit and may possibly receive. The vote cast in Connecticut was the lightest for many years. The Republicans have lost the State by virtue of superior apa thy. More Republicans staid at home than Copperheads—hence the latter won tbe elec tion as they were a little less inert than their opponents. Look at the returns: Ilawlry. Rep. EcgUah, Cop. Absent 9,050 7,045 Tbere, that tells the tale. While nine thousand Republicans absented themselves from the polls, only seven thousand six hun dred Copperheads declined to vote. The former beat the latter in apathy and care lessness. The organization of the Republi cans was a little more wretched than that of their opponents. Tbe Copperhead candi dates were rich men who spent their money freely in hiring whlppers-in to send wagons after the laggard voters and bringing them lo tbe polls, while the Republican candidates had less money to spend, and consequently catted fewer of their supporters to ;hc vo ting booths. With a majority of four : flftbs in Congress, it was hard to convince the Re publican voters that it made any essential odds to the country whether there were two more or ten less Republicans elected to the House of Representatives. Long suc cess made them careless and Indifferent. The Republican vole of last year exceeds that now cast by tbe Copperheads by 8,209, proving that a sweeping victory was ealirely within their reach had they desired to wlu It. They will turn out next year and re cover hack the State. ST'While the Republicans ofConnecticut, by reason of disgraceful apathy, have let their opponents beat them, in other States our friends have swept everything before them. In thegreat city of Cincinnati, they have beaten the Cops, by .*3,000 majority; they have stormed the remaining stronghold of the enemy in lowa—Dubuque—and won the election by 250; they have carried the close city of Dayton by 550; they hare cut down the Copperhead majority in- Columbus one-half. They have beaten tbe Cops. In Detroit, and cleaned them out in all parts of Michigan. With the exception of the election in Connecticut the Republicans have won almost an unbroken series of victories, commencing with New Hampshire, and failed In the Nutmeg State only because one-quarter of their voters were too lazy to attend the polls and deposit their ballots. ButlaPs “Sophisms of the Protective I'cllcy.” [TUASELATED mOM TICE VBESCn Qt TR. BSSTIAT. CHAPTER II.—OBSTACLE—CAUSE. The obstacle mistaken for the cause—scarcity lor abundance. Tbc sophism is tbe same. It is well to study It under every aspect. Man naturally is in a state of entire destitution. Between this state and tbe satisfying of bis wonts there exist a multitude of obstacles which nla tte object of labor to surmount. It is inter esting to seek how and why ho could Lave been led to loot: even npon tbcee obstacles to bis bap* plrcßs ae the cause of it. IwUb to take ajourney of some hundred miles. Bnt between the point of my departure and my destination there are interposed mountains, riv ers. swamps, forests, robbers—in a word, obsla* cl<s : and to conqncr these obstacles it is neces sary that I should bestow much labor and {treat efforts in opposing them ; or, what Is the same thin?. If others do It for me I most pay them the value of their exertions. It la evident that I would have been belter off had these obstacles never existed. Through the Journey of life, lathe long series of days Irom the cradle to the tomb, man has many difficulties to oppose him in his pro gress. Hunger, thirst, sickness, heat, cold, are so many obstacles scattered along bla road. In ft •tale of isolation, he would be obliged to combat them all by hunting, fishing, agriculture, spin ning, weaving, architecture, etc., and it is very evident that it would be better for him that these difficulties should exist to a less degree, or even not at all. in a state of society, be Is not obliged, personally, to struggle with each of these obsta cles, out others do U for him; and he, in return, most remove tome one of them for the benefit ot his fellow-men. Again it Is evident that, considering mankind as3whole.lt would be better for society that these'obstacles should be as weak aud as few as possible. Bnt if we examine closely and in detail tbc phenomena ol society, and the private Interests of men as modifl'd by exchange of produce, we per ceive, without difficulty, bow it has happened that wacts have been confounded with riches, and the ob.-tadu with the cause. The separation of occupations, which results from tbc habits of exchange, causes each man, in stead of struggling against nil surrounding obsta cles to combat only one; ih: effort being msdc not for blmsell alone, bnt for thebenefit of his fellow?, who, in their turn, render a similar service to him. Hence it results, that thl* man looks upon the obstacle which he has made It his profession to combat for tbc benefit of olbcis, 86 tbc immediate cause ot bis riches. The greater, the more serious, the mere stringent may be this obstacle, the more he is remunerated for tbc conquering of it, by those who are relieved by hli labors. A physician, for instance, does not busy himself In baklrg his bread, or m manu'acturlng bis clothing and bis Instruments ; othcra do it for Mm, and ho, in return, combats the maladies wltu which hlf* patients arc afflicted. The more dan gerous and ireqaect these maladies arc, tbc more others ate willing, the more, eveu, are they forced to work in his service. Disease, then, which Is an obstacle to the happiness of mankind, becomes to him the source of bis comforts. Xho reasoning of all producers Is, in what concerns themselves, the same. As the doctor draws his profits from disease, so docsthc ship-owner from the obstacle called distance-, tbc agriculturist from that named hunger ; the clolhmauufactnrerfrom cold ; the schoolmaster lives upon ignorance , th*j Jew eller npon ronity, the lawyer upon quarrels, the :,o*ary upon breach of loith. Each profession has then an immediate Interest In the continua tion, even In the extension, of the particular obsta cle to which lie attention has been directed. Theorists hence ro on to found a system upon these individual interests, end say: “Wants are riches: labor is ilcbcs: The obstacle to well b. ing Is well-being: To multiply obstacles Is to give food to industry." * Then comes the states man; and as the de veloping and propagalitgof obstacles is the de veloping and propagating of riches, what more MUnral than that he should bend bis efforts to that point!’ He says, for instance: If we pre vent a large importation of iron, we create a dlfi culty m procuring it. This obstacle severely felt, obliges Individuals to pay heavily in order to re lieve themselves from It. A certain number or our dtixena, girlne thcmelvea up lathe com- I bating of (bis obstacle, will thereby make (bur I fortune*. In proportion, too, as the obstacle is great, and the mine at scarce, inaccessible, aod of difficult tad dl taut transportation, i n the same proportion will to the embeof liborers, maintained by Uu various-branches oi this In dustry. v The Bimo reasoning will lead to the abolishment of machinery. , . „ , Here arc men who are at a loss bow to dispose of their wine harvest, Trials an obstacle which other men set about removing for thna by the manufacture of casks. It Is fortunate, say our statesmen; that this obstacle exists, since U occu pies a portion or the Jsbor of tho nation,'and en riches a certain number of onr clozeo;*. But here Is presented to us an laceoioos machine, which ents down tho oak, squares it, makes it into stave* and, gathering these (oeolbcr. forms them into casks. The obs'aclo 1' thus filtalMabcd. and with it the fortunes of the coopers. Wo must prevent this. Let us proscribe the machine. To sift thoroagbly this sophism, It is sufficient to remember that human labor is not an end, bat a meant. P U never without employment. If one ohslocle to-removed it seizes another, and man kind 1“ delivered from two obstacles by tho same effort which was at first necessary for one. If the labor of cooper* should become useless, U must take another direction. .Bel with what, it may be asked, will they be re munerated? Precisely with what they are at present remunerated. For, if a certain quantity of labor becomes free from Its original task, to be otherwise disposed of, a corresponding quanUly of remuneration mast thus also become free. To maintain that human labor cm end by wjotlng employment, it would be necessary to prove that mankind will ccaeo to encounter obstacles, la such a ease, labor would bo not only impossible, it would bo superfluous. Wo would hare nothing to do, because we would be atl-powcrlal, and our flat alone would satisfy at once our wants and onr tlcsbcs. ENGLISH FARMS AND ENG LISH FARMERS. Educational and Religious Ad vantages. The School Boom, the Ohuroh, and the Held. The Country Pariah, Somber and Diversity of tbe .Vari ous Religions Sects. r BITTEN EXTUEfSLT POU THE CHICAGO TEtDUNE. ET AX ENGLISH AUTUOUESS.j NUMBER If. London, Er.eland, March 15. The details given in a former letter, re specting the social life of agricultural labor ers in this country, will have prepared the reader to perceive that the degree of educa tion common among them is of as simple and rudimentary a nature as scarcely to de serve the name. The boy big enough to turn the handle of a chaff-cutter or pnlplng-nm chine, and the girl, old enough ; to null out twitch or drop potatoes, has little chance of schooling; and, indeed, those who would urge upon the parents the necessity of edu cation are often silenced by knowing how indispensably necessary arc the earnings of these little bread-winners to tbe home. If the pretence of schooling is kept up with a hoy till be is ten or eleven years old—and for at least two years be will have attended school, only when no other occupation could be found him—the parents are supposed to have done their best to giro him an educa tion, and there can be littlehope be will ever be able to disperse the mist of ignorance which must henceforth settle upon him as npon his father before him. As for a girl, her unfortunate capability of minding baby,even when herself Is scarcely ad vanced to childhood, renders' her education, if possible, more uncertain and desultory ; but In after life she has the advantage of liv ing in service, and though the doctrine of social equality Is held by no means among us, and woold specially bo scouted in a farm bouse, she Is surrounded by some measure of the softening, civilizing, Influence to which, 1 believe, may be attributed the fact that the women of this class are usually superior In intelligence to the men. But, alas for the nnbappy girl, who, by some mischance, falls to secure “a placethere is no other re source for her but field labor. All the purer Instincts of womanhood are deadened or de stroyed, and an early, reckless marriage with one oi the lowest of her class drags her Into the depths of poverty and wretchedness. Evening classes, which benevolence has .established in some districts, are all very inefficient to combat with an ignorance so deeply rooted. Tbe children arowearied with tbe day's toll, and, after a short period of attention to the primer, closed eyes and a loud snoie compel their dismissal to home and bed. Tbe school-rooms, therefore, which few villages arc uow without, tend rather to mislead respecting the education actually given, as by far the greater number are lo reality infant schools, where the children arc sent, that tbe mothers may have bands free for carting a shilling. It Is this which ac counts, in some measure, for those eases of terrible ignorance sometimes revealed—ig norance so gross ns to be absolutely startling to those accustomed to eon elder that tbe increase of education is equal to the increase of the number of our school rooms. the fact being the parents, from, lethar gy and inability to appreciate the advantages of education—an inability the natural result of their circumstances—cannot be expected to make the sacrifices necessary to obtain these udvantaces for their children. In country towns—for, it must bo borne inmlcd, I have been writing only of the inhabitants of scattered cottages and secluded villages, miles distant from any place of sufficient im portance to be called a town—education is, of course, more general, though tbc same evils operate in a mitigated form, aid the teacher is often disheaitened at the loss of a promising pupil, removed at an earlier age even than is customary, because his parents believe he knows oil of “book learning” that is necessary for a start in life. The ideas of religion prevalent in these districts vary according to the Ideas and amount of influence exerted by the parish magnate, usually the vicar, squire, or largest resident farmer. In parishes where the church Is dominant the clergyman is reverenced with almost superstitious awe, and attendance at church, for the most part, rigidly observed, but with, I fear, faint conceptions of the true ob ject of worship, which is blended In strange confusion ■with coal tickets and sifts usually placed at the Bisposal of the incumbent. The strange custom of distributing bread or money at the church door, after Sunday morning service, is still continued In some places. 1 know one instance in my own county of the Lady Bountiful of the Parish standing at her pew door after service to contribute packages oi tea and an occasional shilling to tbc poor old folks. Sbe died very recently, and I need scarcely say, the loss of her gifts ismnch'deplored. “Ah," said one of her old pensioners to mo, “ she was a hand* some old lady and liked to be homoged." Some of our village churches must be seen to be appreciated. Their situation is usually well chosen, being often built in the Squire’s park or adjoining the vicarage garden; some* times approached by an avenne of fir or yew. Close to the church door stands the horse block, witness to customs long since passed away, and, ‘‘as the merciful man Is merci ful to bis beast," on one side is a building for the shelter of the latter. Tbc church is generally of the simplest kind. A low, square belfry, with latticed sides and containing a single bell, sometimes takes tbc place of spire or steeple. Within, the Squire’s pew often occupies one-third of the edifice. It is, indeed, a good sized, square room and Its exalted occupants is safely divided by a warm, oaken barrier ; from the other “ dearly beloved brethren." 1 Service in foi mer times was not commenced until the Squire’s arrival, and, even now, no one after service thicks of moving until the occupants of that pew have risen. Then there are the wide seated high-backed pews, the antique font of strange design, the. quaintly carved desk and pnlpit, with the somewhat ostentatious tablet on the wall recording the long forgotten virtues of one v hose voice formerly resounded from that desk and pulpit, everything eminently sug gestive of the past, and tending to rccal the simple primitive faith of those who built the temple and knelt first within Us wails. The ritualistic party are just now making great, and hy no means unsuccessful, efforts to proselytize among our villagers ; bnt the difficulty of procuring organs, forming choirs, and obtaining other accessories to the performance of their service is very great, and the dogged firmness with which the rustic pins his faith to the faith of his fathers— fortunately for him in this matter, bis memories go back hut one or two gener ations at most—presents an almost insur mountable barrier to the successful propa gation of the new principles. Few districts are, however, without their meeting-house or houses. The number of sects which have lately sprung up and are almost unknown, except in these secluded districts, is one great sign of the times, denoting some effort of independent tbonght. One small villoge of fishermen, with which I am ac quainted—lt Is a singular fact that among a fishing population the greatest variety of these sects is found—numbers eight such different communities. Wesleyans or Methodists attract the largest number ; there are many divisiots and subdivisions among this body, such as the Calvanlstic, Primitive Reform or non-Rcform Wcslyans. The Baptists arc divided into the Strict and the General Baptists, their chief subject of difference being whether it is Christian to recognize as Christians those who draw back from immersion. Then follow* a ßible Chris- tlans,” “New Lights,” a «ect rejoicing in the name of “Peculiar People,” and, In many parte, a Utile gathering -of MormonlsU. In fact, any two or threowho may differ a hair’s breadth from their brethren deem it of essen , .Ual importance to ntfet for worship in a sep arate room and form tho nucleus of a fresh association. To trace the fine distinctions of doctrine which compel the formation of these distinct communities would be beyond my .patience; but, however they may differ la some reeptets, all are mote or less deeply pervaded by Calvinism, the term “high” or “ low n being applied as those doctrines are held in their strictest or less rigid sense. Preaching, too, often consists of vehement denunciations of Divine vengeance, hot little aitempered with mercy. Tho village doctrln allst rejoices much in a persuasion of the fu-, tore total discomfiture of all holding opin ions opposed to his own ; keenly he traces the slightest departure from his standard of orthodoxy, and the unfortunate student sometimes sent from a neighboring town “to establish the cause,’’trembles before the well known form of the stern inquisitor, who usually occupies some prominent position in tho synagogue, and . having .care fully adjusted tho long flaps of his blue coat, ; and mounted a . pair of huge hone spectacles, not only puckers his forehead, but bends bis whole form luto.an' attitude of forced attention, while his lips move as if forming a noiseless chuckle when some savory doctrine Is thundered forth, or deepening wrinkles and. a solemn shaking of the bead proclaim an awful deficiency of “the real Gospel.” Before closing, I would remark that refer ence has here been made chiefly to the eastern counties, and, of course, each district has its special characteristics more or less plainly defined. The condition of agricultural la borers In these eastern counties favorably contrasts with the condition of those living in the south or west, jet when I state that nine pence Is now paid there for the four pound loaf, and the wages arc eleven shil lings, only very occasionally reaching twelve a week, it will be clear that in a family of six or seven people there will he no surplus for other wants. Advocates of things as they are maintain that the free gifts of the farmer compensate for lowness ot wages, and that thingsare not so bad, therefore, ns they seem; but this Is not tho case, and, men supposing that gen erosity bad full play, no supply of material blessing could compensate for the repression of manly Independence which the present system Is—l write U with shamc—aw?ir«ffy designed to maintain. J. B. W. POPULAR OPINION. rrJalnc-Lawlara, To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune An article* signed “Anti-Coercion,” ap peared in your Issue of tbc 21st ult., 'with tho above caption, in which the writer took ground in opposition to the sentiments of a speech, delivered by a Sir. Wood, on the oc casion of the organization ol the “ Branch Congressional Temperance Society,” of this city, aa published in tho Tri bune. The spirit of tho article Is very commendable, but the temperance question Is put in a false light, and the discussion wholly irrelevant. The Western Temperance Advocate is responsible for tho portion of Mr. Wood’s speech objected to by the writer, ns it appeared in that print as editorial some two weeks before Mr- Wood’s speech was delivered, as did also a Inure portion of that gentleman’s speech, as reported In the Tribune. It is not for tho purpose of provoking dis cussion upon tho question of legal prohibi tion that we wish to present a few criticisms upon the article of “Anti-Coercion,” for tho time for such discussion has sot yet fully come. That It is coming every reflecting mind must sec; but the public mind is not yet fully prepared to settle upon the form of this legislation. Whether It will be a direct attack upon the traffic, or whether the law shall make it necessary to obtain the con sent of the legal voters to the sale, or make drunkenness disqualify a man for holding office, or whether a person shall be required to procure a license to drink, or whatever else may he the pccnliar form of legislation, future discussion and experiment must de termine ; but nothing Is more cer tain than that at no very distant day the American people will demand some form of legal protection against the evils growing out o t the liquor traffic—protec tion, too, that shall secure the genius of our institutions against the encroachments of European customs and follies. Tbc article referred to seeks to make a false Issue, by assuming that tho liquor traffic is harmless, which is by no means admitted. “Anti-Coercion” discusses this question as one ofinnocccce, when tbe whole question turns upon Its criminality. JJnless it be criminal, tbc question of legal prohibition must tali to tbe ground. He- speaks of the use of intoxicating liquors as the same as tbe use of tea and coffee, and their traffic as tho same as tbe traffic lo food and merchan dise. The advocates of total abstinence and tbe friends of legal prohibition assume that the traffic in alcoholic drinks is a great crime against society, and tbclr use the deei cst of crimes against nature, and that 'the subject is to be dealt with la this light. Show their premise to be false, aud their defeat will be easy. The question Is not whether men will snb> init to prohibition or not, bat, is the traffic a crime of this fearful magnitude? Docs it commit murder, and arson, and robbery? Docs it produce poverty and untold misery, and is it Ailing our criminal courts, and our pris-ops and mad bouses with victims ? Is U, indeed, murdering a hundred thousand of our people annually, and is it tbc great foun tain of our immorality? Is this traffic a traf fic m the health, and industry, and intellect, and morals of our people, merely for gain w iilioat producing a dollar, but simply trans ferring the money of the producer Into the coffers of these dealers? If so, it should he outlawed at all hazards, and if Government cannot protect society against these criminals, then Indeed is Government a failure. Better half a generation perish In tbe struggle than to permit this enormous wrong to be continued. Before “ Anti-Coer cion” talks so flippantly about tea and cof fee, and tbc style of dress, and all that, let him meet the stem logic of history, tbe deci sions of scientific research aud the evidence of tbe criminal calendar upon the subject, the awful waste of human life and happi ness, the wreck of Intellect and morals chargeable to this traffic, and then be will begin to grapple with the merits of this question. “The moment,’* says he, “they resort to prohibitory laws they betray a weakness which should.- never be felt In the advocacy of virtue.” Is it a moral weakness to desire prohibitory laws against robbery? Why not persuade tbe highwayman to desist from his avoca tion? We put this question upon the ground of its deep and dark criminality,and. if we fall here, will abandon the advocacy of legal prohibition at once. Show vs its inno cence, and henceforth we will treat H as a mere matter of expediency. If the 3,000 grog shops in this city are not dens of crime, and the 15,000 drunkards arc not guilty crim inals, justice to them demands the proof. Until this imputation Is removed from the traffic, U “betrays a weakness ” to be dis coursing about the folly of ‘‘sumptuary laws.” Prohibitory laws have been failures, as law's against murder, arson and theft have been failures. These laws are violated every day, but this forms no argument against them, or reason for their repeal. The Collcclonilitp of the Fifth Illinois District! Gazesbcro. HI., March 39.18C7. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: In your Issue of March 30th, appears an article commencing os follows: “ Apostacy and treachery are not at a pre mium In the United States Senate. The Pres. Ident wanted Frank P. Blair, the Missouri renegade, to go as Minl«ter to Austria, but the Senate said ‘no.’ He wanted General Slo cum, the New York renegade, to be made Naval Officer at the port ot Hew York, but the Senate said * no.’ ” The writer of that article certainly did notread, in the same paper, the comments of your rpccial correspondent at Washing ton concerning the removal of Hon. John H. Bryant. United States Collector for the Fifth District of Illinois, and the appoint ment in his place of William Kellogg, for merly Representative from this District, and late Johnson appointee as Judge of Nebras ka, whose treachery to the Republican party antedates Slocum (r Blair, and bis confirma tion by the Senate as Collector of the Dis trict which he formerly misrepresented, occa sions great indignation from tho party who put their seal of contempt on bis apostasy. But the fact that the present Representa tive from this district urged his confirma tion. and from whoso efforts he was success ful, has created more remark than the con firmation. Mr. ingersoll has been the loudest denun ciator of the President and his followers daring the past year, and people very natu rally inquire why be should be the champion of Johnson’s special pet. The Republicans of the district earnestly hope that this outrage npon them mav bo rcconsidcied before the adjournment of Con gress. Fifth District. Destructive Fire ai Albion, led* [Prom ibo :>oble Journal, extra. A fire broke out In the rear of Leonard* Denny’s drug store, in Albion, on Friday night, the 29th inst.* aud before its ravages were stayed, some thirteen buildings were consumed. The sufferers were os follows: Leonard & Denny’s loss, $3,300. insured for $2,000; Dr. Leonard also lost bis library, Instruments, etc., worth at least $500; Black A Foster’s stock of goods and merchandise, $3,500 ; itr. Black’s individual loss on two store build ings, barn, etc., about SO,OOO, no instrauce on goods or buildings; hotel, barn aud furni ture belenging to Wm. Baughman, loss $1,500, insured for SI,OOO in the Home, of Lafayette, Indiana; James Mann, har ness shop, SOOO, no insurance; Sunday ot King lost on harness stock about $100; Trump & SlcMcan’s loss on store goods, about SSOO, no insurance; Nelson PrentlFß. 03 store building, bam and law books. $2,000, loss by damage to fund tore and dwelling. $200; Allen Spencer, dwelling, tailor shop a«d barn, loss $1,200, *SOO Insurance in tbe Protection, of Goshen; Thomas A. Haas, loaa on dwelling and barn, about S3OO, ro Insurance; Miss Klblimrer &Mlsa Scott, loaa on mfllinery goods. S2OO, no insurance. ... . Mr. Prentiss’ dwelling was saved into great effort. Clapp & Phillips’ store, on, the west side of the street, was much scorched and blistered. Had that caught it would have' eommtmlca'cd to other buddings,. making the conflagration much more disastrous. ■„ . This Is the largest Are that ever occurred in Albion, and away quite a large amount of property, seriously affecting sev eral of the losers; *- . SUPBESIE COUIIT «P ILLINOIS. Docket lor tko April Terra, 1807. Tho following la tho Docket ot tho Su preme Court of Illinois for the April term of 1867, which commenced at Ottawa yester day ; t. John H. Stevens vs. Bussell Benedict, Eli H. Mallety.acd EthelF. Farnham. Error to Cook. 2. Illinois Central Railroad Company vs. Wil liam Davir, Ac. Error loUe. 8. Joseph Eayhnrnvs. John Beam etal. Error of Morris vs. Daniel Matteson. Er ror to Grundy. . .. , . 5. Thomas i-pearet als. vs. A. Weldcnhaum. Error to Kankakee; „ , .„„ G. Thomas Spear et als. vs. Gasbert D’Clercy et als. Error to Kankakee. _ _ 7. Merritt A. Myers vs. James Kcnley. Error to B L. Bosworth vs. Robert Talbot. Er ror to McLean. „ . . , , 0. AmapaWaiters. Ebcnezer Danford et al. Error to Kane. _ , 10. Bcri. F. Carver vs. Elizabeth Butterfield. Error to Superior Court of Chicago. 11. Edward Sloan et als. vs. Henry Sloan et als. Error to McHenry. 12. la the matter of the application of Giles Soring. Error to Cook. 13. Horace Hall vs. Ablcl Rhode*. Appeal from Court of Common Picas of City of Aurora. 14. In the manor of the application of Davies Adams vs. The Board of Auditors of the town of Bockton. Petition for mandamus. „ 15. George J. Holland el als. vs. Sextus N. Wil cox d sis. Error to Cook. 10. The Quincy & Toledo Railroad Compau; ’ ■ vs. the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company. Error to Kuox. 17. Nicholas P. Iglegharc vs. Henry Peake et als. Error to Cook. 18. Jchn Phillips, Senior, vs. John Phillips, Junior. Appeal from Cook. . „ ID. Ebon c, logersoll et als. vs. The Board of Trustees of Township 25. Ac. Error to Iroquois. SO. Nicholas Both vs. Biadner Smith. Error to Jo DavlePF. Si. Ibe Crystal Lake Ice Company vs. George Stcclc et als. Error to Superior Court of Chlca- 22 Peter Van Dozen vs. William H. Belcher et al. Error to La Salle. . 23. Elisha Hackman ct als. vs. Hugh M. All v ood el ala. Error to Peoria _ 21. Wliilam O. lieacock et als. vs. John M, Du rand et als. Appeal from Superior Court of Chi- Benj. P. Downing el als. vs. Walter Wright. Error to cook. ' _ 20. Andrew B. Stone vs. the Great Western Oil Company. Appeal from Superior Court of Chi- Henry Johnson vs. John Thornbery. Error to wm. „ 28. James Clapp, impleaded, vs. Qco.W. Eeld. Error to Cook. 29. Joan C. Daria ct als. vs. Chas. M. Taylor. Error to Superior Court of Chicago. SO. Darius Small, for use, Ac., ate. John J. Camp, et al. Error to Will. 31. Daniel Eaton et al. vs. Albert D. Sanders et als. Error to Superior Court of Chicago. S 3. Daniel Eaton et al. vs. Dorman T. Warren ct als. Error to Superior Court of Chicago. 33. Edmund S. Holbrook vs. Benjamin S. Prel tyman. Error to Tazewell. > „ 34. Joseph Stout va. Warren Hl*l. Error to La ss. James Foster, impleaded, va. Kersey H. Fell. Error to Livingston. _ _ , 16. Jonathan Christie et als. vs. Thomas Hale. Error to DeKalh. , 37. Iu the matter of an appeal by the Chics go, Burlington A Quincy Railroad Company from an order of tbe Board of Supervisor* of Bateau County. Error to LaSalle. _ , _ . jg. fleury T. Blow et tils. vs. Jacob Bcekcr et als. Error to Superior Court of Chicago. 39. Spencer JLROOI etal*. vsOacohßockcrct ala. Error to Superior Court of Chicago.- City of Pekin vs. Eldrtdge Price. Error to 41. Jobs Black, administrator, vs. William Lusk. Under advisement from last term. Error to Warren. • „ . 45. William Billings vs. David C. Riggs. Under advisement bom last term. Petition for man damns. .. _ _ 43. Edward L. Alexander vs. Henry w. Cros tbwalle. iicderacfrisemcntfroiirlastierm. 4i. George Welle, Unoleuded, &c. T vs. Tbo Peo ple of tbe State of New Vork. Under advisement from last term. Error to Ucffalb. ■ - 45. Tbouioa J. Nickle vs. Asa 8.- Williamson. Appeal from w . , . _ 46. Charles Z. Welds vs. Moses Ugrls et al, Er ror to KanJ.al.ee. , „ _ , 47. jobn C. HaJUday ctal. vs. Alonsos E. Davis. Appeal from Kankakee. . 43. George A. Wallahan et al. vs. The State of IMnou. Appeal from Woodford. 49. Lcnl*a rodenncief ct al. vs. Henry Aspin wall et al. Appeal from Stephenson. 60. Samuel Jandon oi ala. vs. John McDowdcll, Jr. Error to Knox. „ , M. John C. Smith vs, John B. Hoag. Appeal Ir<im Mercer. _ • _ . , 52. Lester Underwood vs. George Q. West. Ap peal from LaSalle. _ :>3. William Maxwell vs.. William D.Vfttatut. Error to Marshall. , _ , 61. George Hammer vs: Asbury P. Johnson et ois. Error to Peoria. . , 55. IlnghArroson vs. Robert Forsyth. Appeal fromPcom. . „ ■ . 60. David I*. Hough vs. Michael Goughian-et Si. Appeal from Leo. „ _ al. Msry Minny vs. William H. Rlxford: Ap peal trom WlnutbOßO. 4 4 56. caleb Poiwln vs. John Oadcs ct al. Error ,0 69.°!rarne« Mix vs, Peyton B. Chandler et al. Appeal from Superior Court of Chicago. w). David Wcsigale vs. Daniel Carr. Appeal from lasalle County Court. _ . „ _ Cl. Nathaniel Pierce vs. Charles Haboell. Error to La Salle. C 2. Lew's McKlbbca vs. Thomas Newell. Ap peal nom Kni'X. _ _ __ , ~ _ W. The c. A H I. B. B. Co. vs. JamcsMcKeaa. Appeal from Bureau. „ .. . |4 David Maple ct aL vs. EUcn V. Scott. Ap peal bom Bureau. „„ , _

C 5. Ht-nry Mills et als. vs.Oames McCabe. Error to La Salic. „ „ ~ ~ Ct!. Joseph V. Thompson vs. Emily C. Mosely. Appeal from Bureau. . , . , ti 7. David bhecan vs. J. R. Jonos cl al. Appeal from Jo Divides. _ . _ _ _ . , c?. Madlßon Y. Johnson va. J. B. Jones et al. Appeal from Jo Daviess. tv, AlcxanonrC. Davis vs. Leopold Hceppeur. Appeal Pom Jo Daviess, TU. Rebecca P.emlngvs. Chris. C.-Vcnnum etal. Error to Iroeuols. 71. li a S. x'ootc cl als. vs. Thomas Stevenson C *7tf,*Chas. P- Allen, Treasurer of Bnrcao County vs. The P. <fc B V. It. It. Co. Appeal from Bureau. 73, The bingo & Northwestern Ilailroad Com pany xe. The Board oi Supervisors of tho county ot Lee. App’al from Ogle. • "1. Allied Gregotyva. LcGrandL. Wells. Error l °7o Seor^ 1 H. Rich et als. vs. William H. Wat son. Appeal IromEanc. „ 7(5. Ezra B. McOagg vs. William O. Hcscock. Petition for rehearing. 77. Jotm O. n»Tborn vs. Thos. H. Poetelwait ct al. Apteal from Ironuois. . , r 78. Frederick Schmidt et al. vs. The Peoria M. . 4K.1. Co. Appeal from Cook. , 7t». Timothy D. Mahoey vs. Alrchael D. Davis et : al. Error to Superior Court of Chlca-jo. „ 80. Frederick atoning vs. Oliver W. Olney. Er r°Blt,°, nJomaa Ball vs. Philip F. W, Peck. Error to Cook. 82. Adam C. Deem ve. Pliney M. Crum. Ap peal from Decry. _ . _ 68. Toledo, Peoria & Warsaw Railway Company vs. Martin Arnold. Error to Tazewell. 84. Johann Kerp vs. William Fuchs et al. Appeal from Bureau. _ , , _ . 85. Nick Kuhncr ra. John L. Wagenocrgcr. Appeal from Cook. . . „ , _ 8(5. Julius Stublvß. Joseph A. Shipp. Error to Livingston. _ _ „ 87. Alexander M. Brum ys. Herman Brueu. Error to Grundy. _ 58 George 11. Atty vs. Ludwig Markcl. Error to Bureau. 88. Wesley Mitucr et al. vb. J. Murray Bullard. Eorror to Ccndall. . „ . , 90. Hiram Smith ct al. vs. Geo. M. Hollenback etal. Error totho Court of Common Pleas of City of Aurora. _ _ _ hi, John Leake vs. Grace Brown. Error to Lcr K*. Frederick A. Stoner va. John Sbngart, Jr. Jrror io Bureau. _ •js. Jared Bartnun vs. Sarah Bar tram. Error to J Sheldon vs. Geo. P. Harding ct al. finer to Peona. . - _ _ _ 05. Joseph Gecnm ve. Charles W. Dean. Error lo Cook. . _ (id. Prraley T, Lomax, Impleaded* vs. Satchel C. Dorset al. Error to Iroquois. 07. Richard U. Whiting cl ale. vs. Phllcm Gard ner ctnli l . Error to Knox. OS. W. O. Wilder ct ala. va. Lydia A. House. Error to Kate. yj. njn. pooley et al. re. George Ecdfcarn. Impleaded. Etior to Jo Daviess. 100. Jho Town of Lake View v*. Frederick Lola cl al. Error to Superior Court of Chicago. nil. Napoleon B, Brendamom vs. Garrett Traut ct als. Error to I’eona. _ 1(2. Philander Chase ve. Giles C. Dana. Error lo Stark lea .icerc TarbUl ct al vs. Mlchatl Wiley. Er ror to iiareLall. „ I Kit. jona J. Lyman ve. Lucy Russell ct el. £r- I tor to Iroquois. I H 5. The Illinois Central Railroad Company vs. , Gm-tave Dcmeua. Appeal from Kaukakeo, iOO. Samuel A. Strong ct ala. ve. William Al len. Error to Rock island. lo". Wm. P. Hendtrson va. Proitoa Cummings. Error to Bureau. _ . Hl3, R.W. lluhhard. Impleaded* va. F. W. Ja dueiy. Error to l-a Salle County Court. 102. William Dickson va. James Todd etol. Ap peal from Cook. __ „ 110. Michael Devcrsey ve. Ebonetns B. Kellogg. Appeal from Superior Court of Chicago. 111. Isaac Cook va.Jehiel P. Norton et ala. Ap peal from superior Court of Chicago. 112. Frederick Beouman et ala. ra. Join P. Ereamer. Error to Kankakee. 11". Cym»Braina:dvs. Abram L. Small. Ap peal from Kankakee. 114. Lyensguf- Edcerion cl al. va. Archibald Young et als. Error to laSalle. 116. Charles O. Boynton vs, Albert Q. Robb et als. Anneal from DeKalo. 117. State of Illinois. In suit for taxes, vs. 311- ciiacl L. Sullivan. Implcaocd. Error to Living ston. __ 113. Albert W. Bodd vs. Tbomaa Williams. Er ror to Mrlagtton. llli. Benjamin W. Gray, administrator, va. Al exander Betnose. Error to Livingston. ISO. ILonias Cavanaugh vs. Elizabeth Hcacock. Error to Superior Court of Chicago. _ . 121. F. G. Petrie, who sues for the use of John Reed, vs. John Fisher. Appeal from Ogle. , 122. A. D. Butterfield, administrator, vs. Tenia Johnson. Error to LaSalle. _ ~ 123. Horace N. Goodrich vs. John Van Nort mck. Appeal from Court of Common Pleas of the cilv of Aurora- „ 231. John Parker. Impleaded, vs. George E. Ftrgu-. Appeal from Superior Court of Chicago. 125. Israel B Holmes, implead, vs. John .11. Holmes. Appeal from Winnebago. 136. Ulped I’oppen vs. Israel B. Holmes. Ap peal from Stephenson. 127. John Niumegcr vs. Ophelia A. Brooks. Appeal from Stephenson, 12S. Samuel Dietrich vs. George Ramsey. Ap peal from Stephenson. 12D. James Clapp ct als. va. Geo. W. Reid et al. Error to Cook Anti-Crime. Two Ben Sauced hyanohln Browns town, Indiana* [Brownstown (Ipd.) Correspondence, March 31 ofttic Cincinnati Commcrdi.] The town of Brownstown, the county seat of Jackson County, Indiana, on the line of the Ohio & Mississippi Railroad, was. on Saturday night, the scene of a tragic affair, which resulted in the forcible capture from jail, and the hanging, by a mob of the exas perated citizens of that vicinity, of two men, charged with the murder of an old lady, for the purpose of robbery, at or near Clear Springs, Jackson County, Indiana, some months ago. It will be remembered that three men, earned respectively Tally, Brooks and Eas ton, were arrested, charged with committing that horribly fiendish crime. They were placed in Jail at Brownstown to await trial at the coming spring term of the Circuit Court. Ibo people of Jackson County were greatly excited when the details of the mur der became known, and although the proof that these men committed the crime was considered very strong, there was some donht. and 1 Ws doubt was not removed until a few days since, when one of iho men. Brooks, unable longer to resist the gnawings of a gmlty conscience, revealed by-a partial contessioD, enough to conclusively show that ho and Telly did actually- commit thft mur der, and that Eas’on, through their conni vance, was an accessory. I This confession caused e renewal of the ex citement in the community. The excite cunt was at fever heat, aud a deep lecjing of vengeance gathered In the public mlntL The law was too slow, and It ,was whispered around that the trial of the murderers would probably be delayed fromcourt to court, and bat fina ly they would escape the punish ment tbty 60 richly deserved. This feeling resulted on Satmday olgbt In the formation of a mob, numbering from two hundred and fifty to three hundredmen. On meeting, it is said, they resolved to hang Brooks and Tally and leave Easton to be tried by the court, to see rf the law would hang him, the crowd agreeing at the same time that they would hang him if the law failed. At midnight the mob entered Brownstown. mounted noon horses. They marched fortbejaU,andfiline right and left., completely porrounded It. The leaders called out the jailer and demand ed tbe prisoners, Brooks aud Tally, or the keys to the jail. - • The jailer peremptorily refused to give up either the prisoners or the keys. On this the mob cried out, “break down the door, break in the door t” and a rush was made for the jaD door. It readily gave away;- and several men entered the jail, who soon returned, drugging forth the two murderers. They were taken to the Court House yard, and surrounded by the moh»- Brooks was honor-stricken, and upon his knees begged for life, and declared that he would moke a fall confession If he was allowed time. Tally, being a man of great nerve and possessed of great calmness, declared he was not guilty, and that ifhe was hung, would die an Inno cent man. . . _ The shouts from-the crowd were, “Hang them!” “Hong them!” Tolly was told that time would be given him to make a con fession. Ho replied that he had none to make. He was then asked if he wished a minister topray for him. .He replied he did. Tho Rev. Mr, Benton was sent for, and soon made bis appearance, and seeing the determination of those aronnd him, and that - an appeal lor mercy was useless, adminis tered to the spiritual wants of the doomed men. He prayed for forgiveness of their sins, and for peace with their God. After this religious service, Tolly was told to pre pare for immediate execution. He very coolly objected to the tree, which tbe mob had selected. He pointed to one near by, saying it was a much better tree, as its projecting limbs would allow their bodies to swing clear of the body of the tree. . Tho desired change was made. Barrels were placed un der a projecting limb, to which ropes were attached. Tally got no on a barrel and made a request that he be allowed to fasten the rope aronnd Lis own neck, which be was allowed to do. After adjusting the rope around his neck to his satisfaction, which operation occupied but about three minutes, he gave the barrel under him a kick and was left, suspended in the air. Brooks lost sev eral minutes In begging and praying for his life to be spared. Ho was put upon the Bar rel, tbe rope tied fast around his neck, and the hatrcl knocked from under him. They hung for forty-live minutes, when life was declared extinct. The bodies wore then taken down and placed In the Coart Honse. The mob then quietly dispersed to their homes. The men composing the mob were not In any way disguised, and did their work in a quiet and orderly manner. The Coroner yesterday held an inquest upon the bodies. ' The town was crowded all day with citl ' zees Irom all parts of tho country. Tally’s last request was that his body might’be given Into the hands of his wife who lives at Kichvicw, Illinois. ELOPEMENT, BOBBERY AND A Woman With a Husband Elopes With Two Paramour*—The Old flan tiobbed and Poisoned* [flora the Louisville Courier, April I.] Ahont ten days ago, or more particalarlyon Friday, March 22d, Peter Stnrneman, who: keeps a saloon and confectionery .on Seventh street, near Main, was somewhat alarmed by the sudden disappearance of his wife, and on looking around he found that she had not gone empty-handed, hut had taken with her some |1,300. Theloss of the affectionate wife was very had of Itself, but the loss of the money was much worse, so Peter thought, believing, as he did, in tho say lug that “a woman can be had at any time for the asking, but the money (ob, Lord 1) has to be earned by bbe sweat of the brow.” Stnrneman also no ticed one thing more hi this connection, and this was that two fast young bucks who had frequented his establishment, had also sud denly disappeared. He at once gave infor mation lo the police, and they put noses to gether and came to the coocinsion that the trio had gone off together. The: police at once placed themselves on the lookout, and a few days ago intercepted a letter from the dear female, addressed to a friend of hers In this city, which was- dated 'at Nashville, March 20th, and which, aside from other in-, tcrcsting matter, contained the following loving reference to her disconsolate spouse: Seep dark. lam In Nashville, working lo a private tamtjy for four dollars a week. ■ Glrle are Ecarce here. I don’t much like my place, and think I fhnll look tor another. If that fellow Pole [her fatuhand] makes any fosa ahont me, jest toil bun I bare cot a pistol to aboot him with, and a knife (o stick Into his big French' belty. 1 don’t know what the old cuss thinks, hot I don’t care. 1 want him to get a divorce, for I can gut a yonugcr end bettor looking man than him in five minutes. lie was co account, any way.” This letter gave the police aa inkling of tbe lady’s whereabouts, and -last Friday morning officers J. S. Cave and Fred Black started down to Nashville to look;for her. They reached there at half-past four lu tho forenoon, and at cncc proceeded to make known their business to tho Nashville detectives. Officers Byan and Fuuston , immediately ascertained the description to accord with that of two fancy gentlemen who arrived there a short time before in company with a woman, aad who had put up at tbc City Hotel, where they bad registered as B. Merritt and lad}, and W. J; Little, from B. Q-, the latter letters perhaps being intended to be taken for Bowling Green. Byan • and Funston - stated that the party were yet at the City Hotel, and that they bad been watching them closely, having snsplcioued them from their actions of being horse thieves or confi dence zneo. Tbc officers then concluded to arrest the parries, and, proceeding to the hotel, wont to the room occupied by Merritt ana lady, where they found tbc tno engaged in a little game of cards, and arrested them, taking from one a pistol which he seemed to have an idea of using. The men, on beingarreat cd, assumed a nonchalant air, hot the woman was exceedingly astonished. She could not make out how the arrest came about, as she bad kept close to her room all the time she had been in the hotel, having her meals, <£c., sent to her room. The arrest was made at about G p. m., and tbe parties were taken to jail for the night. Mrs. Stnrneman alias Lady Merritt, did not deny taking her husband’s money, and giving as her reason for doing so that she was tired of him, that they had been mar ried two long blissful years, and no little “S’s” had arrived to cement their love. On Friday night the parlies waived a re quisition from the Governor, and officers Cave and Black arrived with them here on Saturday evening and committed them to all. E. Merritt*s proper name Is Edward ' Fowler, but W. J. Little did not assume an aliat. Margaret Sturnemon bears in jail her marital name. There seems to be another curious circum stance connected with the ease. About a week before Mrs. S. left, her husband became slightly sick, and Mrs. S. sent Fowler, olio* Merritt, /or some medicine, which was given to SturocmaD. This dose immediately made him violently sick, and a physician wassent for, who pronounced him poisoned, bat stated that an overdose was given him, which caused the violent vomiting and saved bis life. The trio of lovers will he before Judge Craig this morning, and the developments will uo aonht be very interesting. A Prize Flu lit of 000 Hundred and Sixty* Five Hounds? Lasting Two X2«nrs and Twenty CQiaatcs s ]Frotn the St. Joseph (Mo.) Union, March 31.] The “fancy” were on the quivlve early yes teroay—the weather being propitious for the coming off of the ranch talked ol fight be tween Drew and Bernard. The numoroos and different stories os to the time and place, had created considerable confusion, and great anxiety was felt by everybody for fear they would fall to be “in at the death.” The general supposition seemed to be that the sacred soil of our western sister had been selected as the site of the battle, and about one o’clock p. m. a goodly crowd of expect ant masculines bad congregated at the ferry landing, where they soon embarked for the battle-field. The chosen spot was on the Kansas shore, about a quarter of a mile be low tho ferry landing. The company was not long kept in waiting after we had suc cessfully Invaded the territory of onr neigh bor, and at seven minutes to two o’clock, Frank Drew hung his red, white and blue banner on the outer wall, shied his castor into the ring nnd pronounced himself ready. Johnny soon followed suit, his corner stake “wearing of the green.” Drew had the choice of corners and took the sun to b!s beck. Both looked fine, considering the time they had been In the hands ol their trainers, but we thought there was a little tco muck of the adipose on Bearnard. Drew was seconded by Billy Nuital and Lon. McCarthy; Green Mclntosh and Joe Reilly did the honors for Bernard; Coo. Wsglr and Billy Smith were selected as Judges: Jack Gorhun was time keeper, and a well-known ex-pugilist did duty as re feree. A few minutes before two “time” was called and then began TUB BIGHT. Round 1. Both men came up to the scratch good-humoredly and both apparently sanguine of victory. Some considerable sparring—more as a test than otherwise, was followed bj a clinch and a fall with Bern aid nailer. LYNCHING. 2-Some heavy bloirs on the body by Brow, which was returned by Bernard on the bead and neck, and Bernard got down. 3. This was a nice round. Both men stood np, and the “give and take” principle was truly ex emplified. Bernard down. 4, 8. Poor flgbiog, and both down. In the fifth claim of foal against Brow for striking below the belt was no: allowed. . b. The sixth was more exciting. Bo h men did dolngconsldcrable damage to Brew’s left peeper, A body blow from Brew dosed the round with a dear knock down. T.?,9, it). All similar. But little if any real fighting. and cadi dosed bv Bernard getting down. 11. The eleventh ronnd was better. Bernard led o(T hltb his right, landing oo Brew’s left Eeeper, a place he bid before visited, and follow* 'git wHj a tea bander In the throat. Brow stood to bis work, and repeatedly tried the soundness of Bernard's breastworks. Bound closed with ft scathe end both down. In tbe 12th ronnd there was some heavy bnal nee*, to dose which Bernard was knocked through the ropes, but from the 13th to the Slst but little traa done—Bernard always getting down to avoid punishment. In the 15ih round “first blood was got by Bernard, and at the end of the Slat the referee told Johnny that be most lose the-fight unless he stood np until he had exchanged blows. 23d. The men went to ** business Mo a lively way—Brow beginning the battle with a right bander on Bernard’s forehead, in payment for »Wth he aot* rlb-roaa’er from Johnny’* left, acd j^rsg aide of hi toco consider a''ij. t™ 'bn »»■« '» tll f 1 ,5 a 4r h a ” Dre» °'mi tbe iluieheavy In the S3“» Wre j? clar*tfrom tho nasal «rcanion piece. ont in the 391* Bernard's Jy in contact with Diet’s nn*, and &« *eU Wt lowed it, landing on Frank s D ‘jr Aat i ihing bi ln" received in lain. Tee fish, from this to ibe esih round was mostly In Bernard 3 Vm*. and Drew’a show for winning waa oj »o cood. Betook his patUbment ho» ever, and gave in return the “ bc>t ne the shop.” Daring ttii-J time-he cot lb ® punishment of the whole fight, and bis face look ed verr much like lhat of a wslppcd man. About the 65th itirnd, however, hi? wind began w«a»n* sns, and he torced the fighting much to Bernard a dl M, d umvKOt home wlthhlirteM on Bernard’s lace, but was well met by a . w^- o £2j^ r S!£ mdafler a deepeiate struggle was thrown, Ber “Yn tte roib°roun^Bernard landed a tremendous blow on Drew's month wi»b bit rjjbt, and follow ed It once or twice tn a “ihandering” manner on the body. These blows he continued, on every S4Slon, until the end or the fight. Had ho con ticned to co for the jeepers. which ho commenc ed with, he would have been more successful In Ul Xo C £ d ‘S3d round, Bernard sot In ronr stnJsJt blows on Drew’s/ace, and «°t uown beWre he had received any punishment whatever Inreturn. Johnny’s chances looked better about this time, but Frank crew fresher and stronger, while Johnny's wind seemed aping. • „ „ 87. Drew plan’td hla right on Bernard a ribs, which B. returned with oto from bis left on D. a •nnc. Following which D. went hack with anoth er rib tickler, wMch caused his antagonist to measnie his lencvn. . , _ . . 6c*. Heavy fighting on both sides. B. cot in two “aockdolicers 1 on D.’s throat, and one on the booy,aadD. planted bis right flat between B.a ° r |g. nß Df started the work wllh two body blows ano one facial ornamenter, and D. replied with a kr ock down blow on H.'s mug. ' The show for Bernard was poorer, unless he could damage Drew seriously and soon. He ac cordingly chanced bis tactics, and tried throwing human. He closed each of the rounds, but one, from the 99th to the 106th, by giving Drew a heavy (all, and bad be been able to keep this np the debt would have been his. Drew, however, was evidently the beat on a clinch, and soon put a stop to Bernard’s plan of operations, when Bernard found Ibis would be a failure he evi dently concluded he was ‘’pone up,” but like a true mac he struggled on until be ha t ‘ come to the scratch" one hundred and sixty-five times— dome everything in bis power, and coo* knoor edly recetTteg all he col When llino was wiled for the ICtilb round, Joe IlelUy threw op the sponge for Bernard, and victory, was declared In ,a Thcre arefow better fights recorded for the “light weights” than was this, and the crowd of three or four hundred spectators were all astonished at its length and B luckiness. Bernard’s weight Is IS3, while »rew weighs only 128. Frank wears the lanrel wreath, but be earned It dearlv. There was a largo crowd in attendance,out there was no disturbance whatever, and the only seeming whh was the old pugilistic motto, “ may the best man win.” STOCK-JOBBING IN NEW TOBK. Arreit of Daniel Drew, the Great Erie Operator—lnteresting? Revelations of u tewe” Transactions. TFrotn the New York Tribune, ITarch 80.1 In the Supreme Conrt, an order of arrest has bees granted against Daniel Drew, the great Erie operator, on a charge of fraud, in which $250,000 bail was asked and given. The complaint on which the arrest was granted cnarges in substance that one Leon* ard Huyck (whom the plaintiff represents through assignments), with some others, en tered into an arrangement with Daniel Drew and E. Barr to form a “pool” in Erie basis of 9,000 shares; that on the 23th of January, 18C0, being the owners of some 9,300 shares, these parties made a new ar rangement by which Daniel Drew to 1 put in twice as much—lß.6oo shares—and operate the pool for the benefit of all concerned; that this arrangement was to continue ibr sixty days, ana Fisk & Belden were to act as brokers; that Drew was to have the right to take in 3,000 share? more, but did not'p that, prior to each an' agreement, a larger profit had been made for the pool, and that Fisk& Belden knew it p that another one interested in the poo), named Baxter, also knew It, hnt was rad need! to-keep quiet by a guarantee from Drew; that Drew conducted operations not for the benefit of the pool, hnt for Dis own benefit, keeping Fisk & Bel den in partial ignorance of the transactions, and by nis operations made over $2,000,000. It Is claimed that this gain'Was really made for and belonged to the pool, bat that Drew failed to give any account of the profits - to the other per sons interested; and it is farther claimed that he did not put in the 18,600 shares which -he stipulated to do, and therefore is not en titled to share in the profits. Hujck ulti mately failed, hot was induced by represen tations of Fisk & Belden to-execute some kind of assignment to them. This-assign, ment is claimed to have been procured by fraud. The plaintiff procured - a - judgment for $177,597.09 against Huyck, end- then, the execution belngrretnrned nnsatfrfiedV pro cured from him an assignment of his claim against Drew- He held 2,500 shares (which, It is claimed, were proenredbythe plaintiff’s money) in the original pool, and the plain tiff claims, as standing in his shoes,, over $300,-000. The summons in this case was issued on the 22d lost., and made returnable days. The complaint, which sets forth in detail the charges we have epitomized above, was sworn to on Tuesday last. Accompa nying this complaint are attached copies of the original agreement for forming the pool, auda letter written by William Belden, one of the firm of Fisk <fe Belden. to a friend who had anrinlerest in the pool, in which the-lal tcr makes some Interesting revelations, re specting the great Railway King, for which too firm of Ffrk & Belden were brokers. As this letter Los been printed with the com plaint. it Is no violation of secrcsy to quote the following sentences from it to show what . one Wall stteet broker thinks of another: Nxw Yobk. 3larch 13, isrr • Almost, immediately after the oiocte had J>ce’» purchased for the second Erie pool, (recollect the first pool sold at a profit,) almost immediately. 1 say. Ffrk. and 1 dis -uveredito a ccriaiotv that Daniel Drew and B. D. Uarr were enraged In a cool, deliberate game ? o swindle sod defraud those In the pool*. Wcaatnpall night ft at the Flilh Avenue Hotel, and made up our mlrda that we would take the foilo-rins course: Be quiet nKji aay notatrjr, as we cool-1 say nothing that would- Benefit any one at that time. To have told the members of the pool the facta in oar hnowledre. would have, of course, brought cn dUQealtr ®t once. In' which event Mr. Drew would, at the mo*h have to do nothing more than to ro'nn‘l the original margin. • • * Mr.Drewhasbevnspecoiailug, and has made a large amount of money; lie in tends to defrand the gentlemen in me pools oat of their rights. We nave stood here, having an nealed to a'and by Air. Drew, who nas taken it for crsMed that Fisk and I would help him through wi'h h ? s devilish schemes, as he could not very well s «Indie without Fisk aodlknow inglt—eeeiogin the interval that, by remaining perfectly quiet, we could put ourselves la a posi tion to see and learn a great deal for the in'orest* of Ihc pools, provided Mr. Drew did no 1 , mistrust na.” POISON. AfDTan Buna Away wlihHlt W«t) and They cohabit a* nan and Wife* [From the St. Joseph (Mo.) Union, March SO.} There arc few finch cases of crime to re cord as has come to light in this city within a day or two. About a week ago a human being, whom it would he a public disgrace to call a man, came to this city on the night train from the East, in company with a beautiful, innocent and intelligent looking girl, whom he represented as his wife, and upon such representation procured a room at the Huxley House, opposite tbe Hannibal depot. His age la about forty—hers about sixteen. The apparent discrepancy in their ages excited some remark, but the clerk of tbe hotel believed the story of their matri monial relation, and allowed them to stop. They have remained at the HuxJev House since, but yesterday- their criminal bliss was broken in upon by tbe arrival of a gentleman claiming to be the father of tho “ wife,” and the brother of the-“hnsband!” The names of the parties we suppress, ont of respect to the outraged father, who, to all appearances, is a respectable, honest man. mow he could bo brother to each a villain Is a mystery. Bis story, as related to us, is, that bis brother some ten or twelve years ago left a wife in Illinois, and went to California, where he remained until a little over a year ago, when he returned. Without again living with his wife, who Is still olive, he come to visit, and finally live with the brother whose kindred affection he has so foully outraged, and whoso family he has disgraced. This brother had' a daughter, then about fifteen years of age—too young to go Into society or to keep company, and T ‘ her uncle was allowed to be her escort whenever the went out to places of amnsement, or other places of public resort—the father thinking, as bo remarked to ns, that if she was not safe with her uncle, who could she be trusted with? Like the villain he has proved him self, Instead of protecting and cherishing the treasure entrusted to him, he has blasted and mined it forever, and now the strong ' arm of the law takes ho’d of him, while his wretched victim goes back to the dishonor ed borne of her parents to live a life of atamciul wretchedness. PCGILTSM. INCEST. The father found the fugitives at the Hux ley House, audio conversation with his brother was told that the twain were mar ried, and it would be useless to attempt parting them. He had almost concluded to allow his brother to leave the country un molested, on condition that his daughter would return to her home, but the matter comics to the knowledge of the legal au thorities the incestuous scoundrel was ar- ! rested and taken before Esquire Warner, by whom be was allowed a preliminary hear ing, and in default of SB,OOO was committed to jail. The penally for this crime, as laid down in the statute, is imprisonment in the peniten' tiaryfornot more than seven years—a pen alty about as proportionate to the henlons dc«b of the offence as a $35 fine would he for murder. We heard but one expression of opinion, yesterday, in regard to the case we have just mentioned, and that was that “hanging was too good for him.” All the parties to the above transaction have resided lor the past year in Qnincy, where the two brothers have been teaming. An Elopement In Virginia* fFrom the Bicbmond Examiner, March 29.) The citizens of Petersburg were considera bly excited for several days past, and the public tongue has been wagging.nnceaslogly over the details of a tempting morsel of scandal, based upon a sad and shameful fact; On Tuesday morning. Wylie Wyatt, a mar ried man eloped with his wife’s sister, a Miss' Chandler. Wyatt has been a resident of Pe tersburg for some years, and formerly kept a saddle and harness store in that city. He bae been married about five years, and lived happily with bis wife until a comparatively short time back, when the domestic oeace was iuterrnpted by the introduction Into the family of Mrs. Wyatt’s sister—a Miss Chand ler. Foi several months the injured lady had suspected her husband of too great fondness fur Miss Chandler, and eventually an outbreak occurred at last, which resulted in tbe expulsion of the trail charmer from ibc house. On Monday Mr. Wyatt left home aider busnidons circumstances, bat returned at night. On Tuesday morning he again took bis departure, and Miss Chandler, at tbe same time, disappeared from her residence, since which time neither party has been seen or heard from, though it is supposed they tcok the acccommodaUoa train for Rich mond at ten o’clock. It is staled that oa the previous day tbo man collected all the money he could on the debts due him. Individually, and by thesaie ol such articles as be had to dispose of ; and also took p- s.«ess!on of fuch money as bad been received at his store, under the pretence of enlarging his stock of goods. He order ed a rew suit of clothes upon whlch.be paid oor-balf (SSO) cash, and promised to my the balance shortly. When ie left home on Tuesday bjornirg, bs told bU wifo he would be back to dinner, but not returning in the atrerooon . bis absence excited uneasiness, and effort? were made to search him up, bat without avail. It is reported that bo carried off a gold watch and chain, the personal property of bis wife. Xi-5 companion of his sinis about twenty five years of age, comely and accomplished. As is natural to suppose, the deserted wife Is in great affliction. She is left with tour little children upon her binds far support, and fs almost left without support. It Isa aad commentary upon bnman nature thus to see one sister wilfully become the destroyer of the bapplcess of another. NEBRASKA. Valedictory message of Governor Sana- den. The following I* the valedictory message of Governor Saunders, of Nebraska, on va cating the office of Territorial Governor: Executive Ornct, .'larch 27,1567. 1 hare this day received official notice from the Stats Department at Washington, of the Pres»- dent’a Proclamation announcing tha* thi Legisla ture ol Nebraska ho* accepted the condition* proposed by Congress, and declaringtbs fact that Nebraska Is somllted as one of the independent Slates of the Union. The Governor elect under the State organization be'nz now ready to take charge of the office, my duties a* the Chief Execu tive of the Territory this day cess*. 1 take pleasure, before retiring from this office. In avat'lbg rnystlf of this opportunity of returning my sit.cerc thanks to the people of the Territory for (heir uniform kindness, and for the alacrity and promptness with which every official demand upon them bo* hecn honored, whether lu war dr in peace. No period of fine of the same length since the organization of onr Government has been so eventful and full of Inf cresting history as has been the six years that 1 h ive been honored with an official connection with the people of Ne braska, and it gives ms great pleasure to know that peace andgcneral prosperity now prevail throughout the country, and especially to know that no country can munrailr boasiof greater Eoaooor more genuine prosperity than conNe raska. « Especially do I feel prond of the financial condi tion of the Territory. Six years ago the debt of the Territory was fully two dollars for every man, woman and child In it, and the warrants of the Treasury were selling at from 83 to 30 cents on tb ! dollar. Now her paper L- at par. aod she is ready to pay every dollar of her Indebtedness of whatever character, so that the new Sta’e can commence ber career without a dollar of debt hanging over her. This condition of affairs, so far as my knowbCge ex’end*, Is without a pval u-Un the history of new States, and, gives cause formntnal and general congratulation. While our office!* arid people have becu so attentive to the Stances ofonr co-ntry, they bare notbeca laleor wasting m other important particulars, for daring the war Nebraska furnished as mapy trooos aa any other State or Territory Jo proportion to their population; ard no foldlers from any quarter fbowen mote valor and made a better record for bravery or true soldierly conduct than did those from Nebraska. So viewing it from any stand volrl. 1 feel prond that 1 have been permitted to ; occupy so conspicuous * position among a people so patriotic, promot aod appreriative with my Beat wishes fot the prosperity of the whole people of our new State and for its great success; 1 am, Je&, AiTts SAtrstntns. Card from the Fenians. Chicago, April 2, 1667. To tt?Editor of the Chicago Tribune: In yeurenitoilal of yesterday appeirod an ac count of an attack on a colored man to Wauke gan, ard your correspondent endeavors to con nect tbs-Fenian Brotherhood with it in some man ner or other. In jusifcerto oar organization we demand the rame of the “Chicago Bully” ibat attacked the Irofivrsive negro, while eaid bully vraa “sporting tour.d among his Fenian Mentis ” asynm ccrrcEpondenc s'stes. The whole des patch la uojust ai d offensive to the Fenian Bro therhood, and must have been Inserted without being scrutinized by yon fwbleh f* the, lact-l We ate not CJ be hold responsible for tbe ac-- Hons of every scoundrel who violates law Aid order simply. because such scoundrels are Irishmen. Another tact, notwithstanding your correspondent’s im * p'tcatlons, there is no Fenian Brotherhood In • Waukegan whatever, and I- venture to say in ad ivancethereocßnota single Fenian concerned In the dugracctnl affair. The K. 8., osa body of m«n seekingfer tbe rigutsof tbeirownrace and nation, are willing to allow all- others, whether white, black or tvd. their rights* also. If a Fe- nifen violated the law, or assaulted the humblest coloietl mat* in the land he would not bo con nected with the Brotherhood bot cucll the mem bers cooid assemble and denounce and expel himlrpm their mid? L We bare oothb-s but our good name to win-the respect of aIJ-mra, and,we are Decoded at being mentioned in one para graph wi'h ruffians of any kind—whether Irish or American. It Is well known - that where Fo n seism Is etioogcat our people become more law-abiding and 'empenre than where Fenlanlsm has no-exb’tcncc. Tne man “bo commits a crime or violates the lawcannot belong to* the Fenian Brotherhood. Did he happen to belong to oar or ganisation, his very action expels him from oar mtdfct. The whole tone ofyonr correspondent* despatch is bigoteuly sectional, and written In a spirit hap pily growing rare to the American press. That there are- scoundrels among the Irish race, as among all races, cannot be denl-’d. • Ttat we pos sess as many virtues as any other race, we claim. Then, why parade tbe slightest ns writ a* tae greatest ot crimes, specifying that the criminals arefrisAA'How often- do wo see in the paoers that so and bo, who their uives and assaulted ami robbed men In in the streeswere Americans, Ecgllsb, Germans, Ac. Not once in a thousand times. Bat let an Irishman be guilty of tbe most venal slu and straightway it le berulr.<*d that Fat. Murphy, or whatever nfs name may be, was a brutal IrhbmiD. Does the uTcsslakc a epecol delight in parading Infih crime, or does tbe pre?i* expect that wo rnn*t pesetas all the vlrtuoo.aad that when vice do?e ap pearifsa noteworthy remark? It la time these thins>a were remedied and taat the world should know that the vjrlnc.-* ard vices are pre ty equally distributed among all ration-, and ’haf tae Irish have a full share ol tae- former ana not more than a fair share of tho latter, in tae name of the Fen itu Brotherhood, protest agaluat baing dragged into every brawl l&at may occur,.and m th» name of the wrote Irish people protest against lxi«b crime being specially paraded as aacn. while American, English and uc.man ctlm* Is no; re corded to their rational rtsg-sc-% j'atethe ore sin oi Intemperance from the liri of Irish crime, or the cattre of mime, and- your Judges might be wblte shoved at each elttiug of tbu Court? asfiw os tbe Irish are coorersed. Ills rare to Lnd a sober libhinrn commi a cruse, and all tbeir ShQti’gs can be traced to hqnot. We are a large nait of your population and have certain rights wulcb abonld not be violated by every sectarian bigot wbo would rush-into pact to (reduce “The Jrita.” We arewillius’ that our faults-and oar frilings shall fairly cnticlo-d, l»u*. dene la a manner whlco will show the writer to be actuated by a ot justice and not of malice. Rcepecifair,, Mictuou. Scasraas, Diet'lct Centre, Feuim Brotherhood. [lt Is true, as on.* correspondent suppose- that the telegraph despatch in question did not come under tbe eye of the Editor,, and we have no donht of the accuracy of his opinion that the brutal ruffian who assaulted tbe colored man was not a member of the Fenian Brotherhood.—Ed. Thib.J Beauregard’* Advice* The New Orleans Times publishes the fol lowing letter from General Beauregard, counselling submission: Nzw Onusaxs, La., March 53,1867. Deau Sic; You have done me the honor to call tor my oninion relative to the action o( the South nnoer the UlUtary BtU. Having seldom taken any pait in pobtfes, Ido cot loel qualified to advice on so momentous a question; neverthe less, as tbe some desire to obtain, mv vie »s baa been nisfilleated from various qnaners, 1 shall not shrink from the reaposihillty of expressing theiu,iii the hope that (hey may tend to quiet the public mind, so justly alarmed at this moment. In xay bumble opinion, we have but one of two thlrgs to do—resist or submit; the first is inad missible, in onr painfully exhausted condition. Fonr years of desperate war have taught os that tho “argument of the sword’* can no longer be re sorted to by ns to redress onr grievances. We must, therefore, submit; but with that calm dig* nlly Becoming onr manhood and onr lost inde pendence. Having been overpowered In the late straggle, we can submit to the harsh, and ungenerous con di'lons of onr conquerors without dishonor, and we mast adopt the least of two evils; a futile re . eUtance would only cause onr rivets to bo driven doser; we mnsr, then, acquiesce, or have toe ’ country. Bat we love too dearly the land of onr birth to abandon it in Its boar of severest trial. We would avoid, afro, bringing It. by Internal dissensions, to the condition of poor Mexico, and the unfortunate Sooth Americas Reonblics. With retard to the a unrace of tbe freedmen, however objectionable tt may bo al present, it Is an element ot Ptreagth for tbe future. If proper ly handled asd directed, we ebail defeat our ad versaries with tbelr own weapons. The negro Is Southern born; .vita a little edu cation and some proper qualifications ha can be made to take sufficient intere.-t la the affairs and prosperity of (ho South to insure an intelligent vote on bis part. In onr fnmre contest with the North, on pro tccUve tariff*, internal Improvements, etc., the freerfmen of the Soata will side with the whites of (he South and of the West, and they tans con tiibntotoxlreafl pack tbe influence we formerly bad in tbe council* of the nation. Onr people should remember that Ihc Radicals can remain m power enty so ion? as tae public exdumcntlakeptnp; as with tae turbid waters of the Ulfifilss'ppi River, tae sedimentary parti clea are kept np at the imrCice omy so lour as the waters are in notion; tae instant the current is checked, those particles fall Co the bo tom. Tons -will U be with the Radicals, when peace and quiet are restored to the country; tbe Conservatives will then take the reins luthrirown hands, and the constitutional lans of the land will once more prevail. 1 remain, yours respectfully, Q. T. BEAUEEOABD. In Search of a Daughter. I h rom the Detroit Free Pre?s, April 3.] A few days ago, a woman named Kate Leonard, nee Crowley, arrived in this city Ircm Memphis, Tennessee, In search of a daughter, aged eleven years, who, according to her statement, was stolen away from her about six months ago, and has ever since been concealed until a short time ago, when she leaned that her daughter was an Inmate of the Academy of the Sacred Heart, in this city. The story of the woman, who appeared really to be a victim of peculiar hardship, as she gave her history, is that she was grouted a divorce from her husband, Thos. E. Leon ard, on the Gtb of August last, with an ali mony, and the care of the child in question, and that her husband clandestinely gained possession ol the child, and has kept her concealed from her knowledge ever since. Mrs, L., upon her arrival here, went immediately to the institution above named, and asked for her child, which was, of course, refused, but the Lady Superior telegraphed at ones to the father, who arrived here by train on Saturday morn ing, fully prepared, os it seems, to contest the right of the mother to her child. He shows a decree of the coart, signed, sealed, and apparently properly attested, granting a divorce between the parties, bat giving no ; alimony nor any care of the child to Mrs. L. This would seem to dispose of the cose, bat she bos a letter from berattorney In tne cose Informing her of the facts as stated, includ ing the alimony and disposition of the child. She tas also telegraphed for a certified copy of the record in the divorce case, and has la the meantime instituted proceedings for the recovery of her chad. . .. . This ease is one of peculiar Interest, If not of hardship, upon one or both sides, and tne pertinacity with which both npon its prosecution, evinces the fact that each believes in the certainty of gaming bis or her side cf the question. The child. In the meantime, remains in charge of the Sister Superior at'the Academy of the Sacred Dealt. . CT-ibe New Orleans papers report that the Roman crevasse Is now one hundred and fifty va-ds wide, and the water flowing through In a current of six to twelve feet deep. The destruc tion of property Is very great, Tbe new levee at Algiers Is caring in, and apprehensions are frit that's crevasse wQI be formed in U. HEALTH OF THE CITT, Annual Bepcrt of the Officer. Sanitary Condition—Tto Cholera o 1866—How -the Offal is Dis posed of—The Sewerage Question-xinisauccs- mortality of <lie Hear—Tabular Slot mezata—Classification of Diseases, ic. The following Is the Annual Report of Uu Health Officer—with the exception* of a few por tions of minor importance—which was pre<eate< yesterday si tbe meeting Of the Board ofPoh:. Fue acd Health Commissioners : Health Omci. » __ CmcAOO, iiarch 31,15G7. ( To the President and dftmbers of the Board o Police, Fire acd Heallh ; Omrnzan: la compliance wllh orders fron your honorable body, i respectfully present U yon toy second Annual Report, for Ctb fiscal year ending March Slst. UV7. The past year ba« u-en an even mu one conccrnlnc the health of this riry. the cholerai making lu appearance dtmi>g u summer. adding largely to the mortality report. The small-pox vulled ns during the .rtnter months, hut m a very mild form. The deaths caused by other diseases of common chaiactc comoaro favorably with the morality of the pre vious year. I take great pleasureTn alluding to tho manner in which (he citizen* have strived toali this de partment by gmng tbeiraitcntion tolhc snnjc * of cleanliness, nearly all voluntarily become sanitary agents, nod hope that they will bear in mind the rcspo-slbillties devolving upon them during tbo comlnjt season. The sanitary condi tion of the dtt is as good as could reasonably be expected. The streets are still very filthy, but the Board o Public Works should sot be held responsible fur their condition. In other large cities the clean ing of streets and alleys is In charge of the Health Department. 1 would respectfully call yoor attention to the annexed tables, showing toe general health of tb city. Table A shows the number of interment* hi u»« «itv during the fiscal year ending March 31st, ISCT, to be 5,9J7. which is 2.235 more than the pre vious year, tbc cholera claiming 070 victims. Supposing >he city to contain ~U,V Inhabitants, the deaths from cholera would be bat 4 2-5 iter cent. Tee diseases of choleric character numbered SSI; discasa* of the lanes, C-19; fevers, 403; other diseases, casual ties, Ac., 3,4«6. The first supposed case of cholera was reported to 'his office July 21,13GC, ’rom the West Division oftbe cliy. The paucntrecovend, and iberowere no mere coses reported until August 1 b when it appealed in each Division of tho city, three cases being reported that day. On the Isth there were fiiteen cases reported, and about an equal number from each Division. It so continued dnrlnc its prevalence and was confined chiefly to the poore classes. Disinfectants were promptly andbeely nstd in each case, and particular caution was used ti. Lave the discharge" from the pfliients, and the bedding and doming that might-hare come in couth ct wito them, burned, boned, or thor oughly dlfiafected. and a proper diagnosis of each case reaistered Is this office, thereby ebow iurtboprobabiecaascofthe attack. Wherever a case was reported the premises, onthunses. Drains and cesspools were thoroughly disinfected, acd in extreme ca«cs of filthiness the bon«es were fumigated wl*b snJphnxic add gas, ano the eilent? properly cared for. 1 have caused a -gc amennt of lime to be spread on pi rmi.nn and in garters in portions of the city where It was mostjneeiicd, which no . only served as a dirisfcctatit but also had the effect to aday the tears and excitement that many entertained in regard to the mnen dreaded disease. A number of cases have come under my obser vation where phvsiciai'S have been called upon to prcfCiJbelorpaiien*s laboring from an attack of choiera, hut rcluscd to do so. tbo patient being in indigent circumstances and enable to pay for thelreirvicev, and before the services of the City or County Physician could be ooudned the patient waa tither dead or »ast recovery. As there are no provisions made whereby the physicians may oe remunerat ed for their services in enca casc-s it may not oe ’ expected t&st they will octofe tbelt time without ‘ recoDipcnse. A!any mstances under my notice convince me ; that Intoxication is the predominating cause of ■ this attack, il being well kno vn that cases have occurred where, one of the family being attacked, ' liquor was sent tor and the patient drugged wim ; it. Other members or the family under the excite meet use It freely and become intoxicated, and m nearly ail such cases tbewbete family become victims of the disease. The cholera legister shows that afivent.-ffve per cent of the attacks are upon those of intcmperito habits, and the too free osw use of unwholesome food, such as willed vegeta bles, stale meats, putrid fish. Sic. Onr city abounds with a class of stores or huckster stands where the poorer classes purchase that character ©flood. Asmelr means are limited, they study the price and not the qnallty. 1 would suggest, as a sanitary m,a?nre, that it be made the duty of this or tome other department of the city govern ment to see that none hut wholesome food I* sold In our aty. Of the I.SGI cases or cholera report-- ed.btnSsT weic ranve-a. Tbencmber of enull-pox esses reported to inis office during the past year, was ISI, being an In crease over the previous year of lie. Toe number o( deaths was 16. Fitly-seven of those cases were located in the smalt-pox hospital, and tho num ber ot deaths bat three. The number of complaints of nuisances regis tered during the past year was liiTi, being an Increase'’ over the previous year of Tne present daygcavcoger system is very ea’isfoctory, although tbe number of teams employed is scarcely adequate to (he amount of labor to be performed,- as tberv are over GOU miles of streets, exclusive of alleys, la Ihla city, making stay milso per day to be traversed by each team, which is an impossibility. For this reason portions of the city have been neglected. There have been dcpojl'vid in tbs laLe basin near the foot offlmdolpb street. «asrn loads of a. Uea and cinder*. tuc amount or laaii mas nprie la three-lourtlw of an trie. Aleot J,573 loads of ariies and cinders garn ered from the West and Aorta Divisions nave been used for filling streets and alleys. There have been SUM 7 wagon loads ot swill and garbage gathered and removed to a distance ot five miles bc-Tfud the city limits, making a total of dd.OTl loads removed doing the year which would u.h erwue bavo remained in soc-.-ti, alleys and yards to petrify ana poison tbe air. 1 ant rally convinced that the practice of run ring b.ood or oCtl In tbe Chicago Uiver from fLmpbu-nagea’ahU-hoents has entirely ceased, all tbe olbl, blood and bon-fi being removed each day to Mo-srs. TVahl Bros. & UaUUiall’s pTattorm, ucpotlltd ln*o cars, and taken to Ibclr cs’ablfrh tueut- at Araswerh atatlo% ao-mt twelve nlu* fonth o' the city. Unless this or some similar method is continued, the packing interests of (be city inmt either be entirely suspended or we must submit to a& intolerable and dangerous nuisance. Great clfDcuUv bos been exj.enecc-d in opposing of the dead animals and ulgfct soil of the city. Havb g &e*m enjoined from depositing and bury ing the same on grounds belonging to the city outside of the limits. 1 succeeded in mating ar rflpgtmocts with Messrs. Wahl-oros, and Ll"ht ballloitcewean the dead animals at their plat form. which I have tound to he a great saving to tbocitr. 1 would respeciiuPy recommend that a contract be made with some relUbto person tor the rtmovalcf alUhe ulcUt soilof fixe my to some pointbeyordthect»ylimits and tod >ava? with the present system of night scavengers. The work as now toting doneby the fifty-four wagons Is very imperfect, and some of them almost sightly deposit their offensive loads In streets, alleys and vacant docks wlibln and in the imme diate viruitr of the city, which is detrimental £> the public health, and cannot be abated wicnont some other system be adopted or more efficient means pl«cea,al the command of this department. I would call your attention to the £»<-t ihi: most of the larger cities arc Kupphcd with public nnsals. which are very necessary Tor this city. At presentfibe public alleys are ured for such pur poses. Although 1 have ported in nearly a'l the public alleys m the business portion of tas c>ty a notice to all each o Senders, it seems almost im possible to abate this intolerable nofrance. As there are no such conveniences furnished for the public it wQI be Impossible to abate tt unless some means are provided for strangers visiting our city, and for tbe public generally. Therefore, 1 would suggest that one or mom nubile nrtnals be erccteu in tho alley of each block In the business oorlou of the city, to be rroptriy connected with the sewers, which! be lieve would be profitable as a sanitary measure and overcome an almost ncc-.»«wy evil; and in this connection 1 wish to stale that I fled it im possible under the existing laws to do sway with mother nuisance which la becoming more ap parent eveiy day, and that is the prac tice of tenon Is throwing chamber filth, garbage and stops from the upper stories of business blocks Into tbe adiaernt streets, alleys and courts, rendering it extremely dangerous for persons having occasion to pass underneath, and owing to the crowded, state of meet of our large buildings it is almost impossible to Identity or punish the offender,. There should be some means devised whereby this evil may be stopped, and 1 would re-necuolly recommend that an ordinance be passed holding the owt er or agent responsible for ail each acts committed by their tenants. Is my las tannaal report X stated (hat I was convinced that the sewerage system was highly necessary for efficient sanitary measures, and de claring my littei-tiQu teat connection should be made with all houses fronting on streets where the sewers had been laid ; but In consequence of the amount or raising ana paving of street* by the Board of Public Works, the se.vcr Guild ers were a-'l engaged, and tho sup ply ot pipe being Inadequate to toe demands. X tound it tmposatlla to accomplish all that 1 Intended in M«i* important work. A great mistake seems to have been made in re gard to the proper location of severs in many of tbe highest portions of the city, where the soli la sandy, or of such a character that waste water and slops would soon absorb and disappear alto gether. It is au impossibility for any body of men to keep this city m a clean condition while it is as at present. Same of of the streets being raised to grade and the ad joining lots not being raised. a cess-pool is formed for tbe accasiDiation of stagnant water and filth. Without the co-operation of other branches of the city government or additional au thority totals department we may expect to see the same condition of affairs lor years to come. During (he high water and strong currcn l : ta the river this spring, the department undertook to cleanse the river by dragging and stirring up the accumulation of filth, with good aoccess, the current sweeping it out into tae take. Tbe Ice not being broken up south of Pols street bridge. It was impossible to cxleud tbe work above the bridge while the etroug current continued, and before the icc gave way tb- Lejbet ha-i sub-ided, asd oar an.icipa'lous were not gratified though much good was done. ■ The amoi-nt expended from the appropriations to this department daring tbo fiscal year ending MarchSl, 1967, was The amount re ceived and credited was ?U'J.S3. Thu amount of L fines imposed for tne violation of tbo Health Ordl , nance was $3,852.30. diseases. The following Is a statement ol the number of deaths during the rear, and me causes ot the same,Ubta from table**A:” Abortion. I; accident.iCo; asthma. 7; apoplexy, 5; al»cess,s; Bright’* disease, 3; bronchttes, 9: timed.n: cancer,3s. cold. It; colic. 8: choi ce, 590; cholera morbus, bO; oholcra infeautm, SJ; chlorosis. 1; croup, IV*; conanmpm'n, -tHJ convulsions, 4CB; cerebro childbed,s2; chicken-pox, 2; congestion or me brain,Ml congestion of the lanes, S 3; tremens, 19; dehUitj, I: decline, la; dlar'hcca- M3* chronic dlatrhcea,s; dJotheria,9T; dropsy, 91: dysentery, 98; i. the brain,2l; di-ease of tie the heart, 54; disease ot the liter, disease of the throat, 7 ; disease of ihe splur. •» 86 of tha IMCT ax * disease of Ihe nip. 4; disease of iheWdnSe^o: so; eDilepsr,4; flux, Aitdbcd fever, 19; congestive fever, 15; re ©: scarlet fever,l42; typhoidre fer 167: spotted fever. S; fever. Vfitea, 26; gtavel, a; hemorrhage, s?* hVfirocephala-, 53; Inanition. II; Inflammation of the bowels, of the brain, S 3; Inflammation «rthe blaoder, S; inflammation of the throat, 2; Inflammation of the lours. 111); inflammation of tie pleura, 4: Inflammation of the kidneys, 9; inflammation of the stomach, 2; Inflame* \'iou of me liver. 2; Inflammation not stated, 10; killed, 10; lockjatr,2; marasmus. 17; measles, 613; neuralgia, 3; old age. 132: nalay. 3; poisoning, 7; paralysis, 10; phthisis tmimonalis, it; pneu monia, 13; rheumatism. 12; mpla.-cd, t; suicide. 13; scroinla. K: spasms, 7; sUII-porn, 110; SQtlocatirn, 4;«nn-sirok«. 2; emall-pox. 16; sum mer comp'alDt 60S; ecald, 3; teething. 131;tu mor, 3;tuberculosis,ll; typhoid pneumonia,3; white swelling, 1; whooping cough. 201; worm*, 5; wounds, 6; gun-shot wound, 5; orems, 2; ni cer, 3; unknown, 889. Total, 6,337. HATrvmrs. ,M U , * * ild. The following statement of lha nativities of (hose who have died daring the year Is compiled (com table '‘B:’* . . Chicago. 2,760; other parts of the United Slates, 382; Bohemia,ss; Belgium. 3; Canada. 63; Dan mark, IS; England. 123; France, 17; Finland. 2; Germany. KM; Holland. 1*: Italy. *»J M 9: Mexico, f; Norwoy. 138; Now Brunswick, 1; Nowtoundland, 1; So** Scotia, 3; oa these*, 8; Poland,. 6: PortuiraL l; KnMla, l; Spain. !; Sweden. 72; 50; Switaerland, 6, Wales, “6; unknown,!A Total, 5,537.