Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune, April 5, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Chicago Tribune dated April 5, 1867 Page 2
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(Ojicago tribune. DAILY, TEI-TTEEKLY ASD WEEKLY. OFFICE* Mo. 91 CUEK.BI. Ttere are three edition* of the Twsuu* lamed, Ist. Erery morning, for circulation by carrier*, newsmen andthexuUa. 2d. Thetm-Wkbklt, Mondays,Wed nodiya and Fridays, for the malls only; and the Weekly, on Thursdays, tot the malls and sale at our •Osnter and by newsmen. Terms of the Chicane Tribune: Dally delivered in the city (oer weeX) « 43 ** (Per quarter).... 3,43 Dally, toman subscriber* (per ant'-nm para* bie in advance) 13.00 Trl-Weckly. (per annam, rayablc In advance) «.oo Weekly, (per annum, payable tn advance) 3.00 Fractional parts ol the year at the same rates. Persons remitting ana ordering nve or more copies of either the Trl-Weetly or Weekly edition?, may retain ten per cent of the subscription price as a commission. Nones to Bubscdpves.—is ordering tbe address 01 youx papers chanced. «o urevent delay, be sure and specify what edition jzi take—Veekly, Trl-Weckly, Or Daily. Also, KlveyourraESENTandfuture address Money, by Draft, Expre**, Money orders, or in BecUteredLetters.zcaybeKatstourriak. Address, TRIDCJNE CO., Chicane, 111. FRIDAY. APRIL 5,15G7. THE DEMOCRATIC CITY PEAT FORM. The Democratic Convention which yester day met and nominated Frank Sherman for 1 Mayor, very adroitly declared that they had 1 nothiaar to say upon national politics, their 1 whole interest being wrapped up in the mu- i nlcipal affairs of Chicago. The resolutions are addressed to the people of Chicago, who are invoked to do what ? To arrest all city : improvements, to stop the public works which may be contemplated, and bring back the city to the condition moral, political and financial, that it enjoyed when Frank Sherman was Mayor. They denounce the legislation of last winter, In its enlarge ment of the powers of the city. They de nounce the Fire Department, because it is expensive, and demand a return to the old hand machine and volunteer system. They denounce the Police Department, because It costs more than when Captain Connett and his two dozen myrmidons made riot and disorderfre spectable by comparison. They are opposed to the Health Bill, because it costs more to clc&nse the city, to extirpate nuisances, to close dens of filth and abomination, than It would to let every man be free to have his premises filthy acd to breed pestilence among bis neighbors. Tbe preservation of tbo health of the city is held to be one of tbe useless extravagances au thorized by tbe Legislature. The Conven tion, adopting the suggestions of the Chicago Times, declares the expenditure for pure water to be extravagant, because a supply might have been obtained by running an iron pipe ont from tbe North Pier at a very small cost. The expenditure for pure water in place of the poison which was dis tribuied to every household, tbe ex penditure for removing tbe certain cause of disease and replacing it with a health and life preserving beverage is denounced with as 1 much earnestness and seventy as If it were a I tax upon whiskey. The Convention in an especial mannerassailcd all projects for build ing any more school-houses, or the employ ment of any more teachers. That Is an ex travagance which Captain Connett, and Cap tain Dlllcr and Frank Sherman could not tolerate. The present generation of Chicago have built and paid for nu merous school buildings, but the increase of population, and especially of children, has far exceeded even our liberal efforts. The result is that there are nearly as many children, and children of the working men, who arc excluded the schools from the abso lute want of room, as there are in the schools. The Legislature has authorized the city to issue bonds and raise money to build school-houses for all the chi'dren, and leave to those children when 1 hey have grown np and have become property owners, the business of paying the debt. But in the meantime let school-Houses be built; let the twelve thousand children now in the streets unable to get even standing room in the present crowded buildings, be educated. Tbe Democracy protest against expending any money for any such purposes. They point with pride to their nominee fon Mayor as an evidence that education is of very Rule consequence. This thing of spending money for school-houses, acd school teachers, acd lor instructing hoys and gills to read, wri.e and cypher, Js one of the extravagances against •which the Democratic Convention entered its solemn protest. It is extravagant because if the boys and girls arc brought up as vagrants, the cRy can get money out uf them in the way of fines, or labor at tbcßriduvvell. The Democratic Convention is in favor of a Police Court, but not a school-house; one produces revenue from vice, the other prevents vice and costs money to keep it going. TheCouveLtivn pledged itself that if its candidates were elected there should bo no additional expeadrure for school-houses, for comp It tins: the Wale.- Works, fa- 1 macl ling the river, tor the Police or Fire Depart ments, or the Con'd of Health measures to avert Itc cholvro, or arrest its progress. They iuilst on returning to the old times when Sherman left life, hciitii, public conve nience and comfort to la»c care of them selves. The diatribes of the Copperhctd Conven tion mean all ibis, or they mean nothing. There is a saving clause injected into the midst of the resolution? ui favor of necessary public improvements, out. os none a r c speci fied as being neee?sary the presumption is that any one or all may be deemed unneces sary. Else why such a voluminous and wordy pi gamble? Tbe platform is either pure dcm&gocUm, or it is ou attack upon all tbe public improvements of the city aid a threat to abolish them. Uponibis platform tbe Republican party will join issue witn Sherman and his follow ers. They will insist that with tbe power in the hands of the city, the cily government shall cleanse and purify the streets and al leys ; that It shall search out and abate every nuisance and health destroyer ; that it shall carry the sewerage into every local ity that public health may demand ; that it shall fill up all pools of filth, and shall so fight pestilence that it shall have only such victims as no human foresight can save. We believe that, the people of this city, Republicans and Demo crats, rich and poor, capitalist and laborer, will demand that this shall be done,' let the cost be wbat it may. The Democratic Con vention have overdoue their demagogism ia assuming that il is the right of every man to have the cholera, and to give it to his neigh bors if he chooses, and that it is an outrage to spend money to take away these rights. THE RECONSTRUCTION 2IO7E JIIGNT. The accounts we are receiving from the Southern States are encouraging in one im portant particular. They indicate that the Southern people have at la»t been convinced that the North has bhen in earnest, and that the North will not abate one lota In its re quirements and terms of reconstruction. Tbe consequence is that those people are addressing themselves to the business betore them, and, once engaged In it, they find the evils and hardships of which they have been so long and loudly complaining ate more imaginary than real. While this result Is attributable to tbe firmness of the Kepnb • Hcan party, and the fidelity of Congress to the great trust confided to them, and not to any desire on the part of the late rebels to be reconstructed (except in their own way), if they could avoid it, the actual fact Is really a subject for congratulation. The first step in the new work is the immediate or ganization in every rebel Slate of a Republi can party. The colored voters are Union men with hardly an exception. They con stitute a body sufficiently strong to attract to U every white man who is waulinginsym pathy for the ultra schemes of the rebel leaders. In all these Stales there is a very large body ot young and middle-aged men who arc tired of tte old noliliciaos who have been dictators so long, and who still main tain the supremacy. . These new men are powerless of themselves. As long as politi cal rule was confiucd to the white race they were overwhelmed or dare not make them selves known. Tbe Reconstruction Bill has opened the way for these men to.proclalm ■war upon the old school, and to do this with any hope of success they hive to enroll themselves with the colored men as mem bers of.tbc Republican party. In every State this work is going on bravely. The eman cipated whites and the blacks are uniting, and rendering each other material service. The whiles by their experience and educa tion arc making the Unionism oftbc colored race effective. The two elements, discordant as they may have been in the past, are smiling, and the result will be the forma tion of a compact, well-organized, 'enthu siastic Republican and Union party In all the rebel States. Against this party thus constituted will be arrayed the unmitigated rebels—the men who are forever looking backward and never for ward—who arc lorcvcr bewailing their losses and making no effort to recover from them. The old meu who have led the politics of the South for the last twenty years, and who now show the scars and wounds oftbc rebel lion will not willingly surrender the control they have so long enjoyed, and will resist with all the vigor of desperation the new party.. For the present the rebels arc zeal ously courting the colored vote; but, day by day, it is becoming evident that the negroes arc fully alive to their own interests, and arc determined to stand or fall as a Union party acting in harmony and union with the great Republican party of the country. There may be those at the .North, as there are those at the Sonth/who do not want recon struction upon any terms. The great bulk of the Republican party entertain no such feeling as this. They have insisted upon terms which they have declared. If the Southern people will not accept them, then let exclusion and arbitrary rule follow the contumacy. Bnt if the rebel States will accept the terms, then let that be an end of the matter. In the meantime, there should go forth from the North words of strong en couragement to those who are engaging hon estly in the work of Reconstruction, and who, to make that work effective and cer tain, ore organizing as members of the Re publican party—white and colored acting to gether—and intending that Reconstruc tion shall be erected upon the eternal princi ples of liberty, justice and equality, and, therefore, an enduring protection to the American Union. C.ITF AND STATE GOVERNMENT, The tax levy for municipal purposes in Chicago last year amounted to nearly double the tax levy of the whole State of Illinois. In other words, the two bundled thousand inhabitants of Chicago were mane to pay double the amount of taxes to support their ciiy Government that two minions ol inhabitants In Illinois were made to pay to support thetr State Government The inference which a great many sober-minded people are itn pcllcd to draw from this lad is that there is ‘•Aomelbing rotten” in Chicago.— Chicaqo Timet. Reckless assertions of this kind may im pose on Ignorant, unreflecting people, but on none others. A State tax of seven mills is in process of collection for the year 1800, which on a gross valuation of $333,327,900, will realize $2,746,295, which Is one million more than the tax levy of Chicago for municipal purposes. So that, in point of fact, • the city tax levy, instead of being twice as great as that of the State, is hut little more than half as large. The State Government of Illinois has very few duties to perform requiring expenditures of money. Its Legislature meets bnt once in two years for a feyf weeks, at two dollars per day. Its State officers, Including the Judges, arc paid but small salaries—fixed on the old hard times basis of 1847. The State has an income of half a million a year from the Dlinols Central Railroad, and a quarter of a million from the Michi gan and Illinois Canal. It has a few blind, deaf and dumb and insane people at Jack sonville to support, and it bestows a small gratuity on the Normal School. The public debt is small—requiring less than two-thirds of a million a year to pay Its interest, which sum is derived from tbe railroad and canal aforesaid; but the City Government of Chi cago has no such income for its support, and no sources of income bnt taxation, fines and licenses. The State Government contributes to tbe support of tbe free schools of the Slate not a fourth part of the cost of their maintenance—tbe residue being raised by local taxation. It is not obliged to build, repair and attend to several dozen costly private bridges, to be worn out and rebuilt every three or four years. It is Lot obliged to supply the peo ple of the whole State with water for man and beast, and mechanical purposes, to be obtained from tunnels penetrating miles un der lakes, conducted through iron pipes to every habitation, and elevated by steam power. It la not obliged to raise, grade, gravel, plank, pave, or Nicholson all the 1 roads, lanes, and highways in Illinois, and. clean and repair them, and then light them - at night by means of a multitude of gas lamps. It is not obliged to main tain a police force of one man for every 1,000 inhabitants to patrol the State, for the preservation of life and prop erty. It is not obl'ged to purchase and equip steam fire machines, build bouses for their shelter, and hire skilful men to handle them, for all parts of the State. It has no rivers to clean, dredge or widen; no docks to build, no parks to improve; and, until now, no reform schools to support. In fact, It has very little to do, except to collect three or four million dollars of taxes, acd puzzle its officials’ brains what to do with the money, and how to spend it. To compare the State Government, which hasalmo-t nothing todo.withtheCity Government, which has almost every thing to do, is perfectly absurd and hugely ridic ulous. Our captious Copperhead cotem prrary must be exceedingly hard np for something to find fault with when It is im pelled to draw such comparisons. The mu nicipal management ot the city must be tol erably sound when it is obliged to “ draw such rotten inferences.” COXnEcTlOtr. The following is the result, in the larger cities aud towns, of the Connecticut election held hist Monday : Hawley. English. liawJey.EngUsh New Haven ... 3,-oo C,t&i 2,‘Ji‘i 4.533 Hatlford 2,740 3,11(5 2,312 2,'JJI Danbury 752 742 711 72t Meriden 1,030 731 R-3 702 Waterbary... . 800 1,173 810 l.Old Norwich 1.441 1,133 1.3.31 0:3 Dirbr co 3 SCO fWI 137 Middleton,.. . 02') l,t>ol HOD 035 P. T. Barnum, who “keeps a Museum In New York bet had no show inConueollcut,” ran heavily behind his ticket. Hawley, who ran for Governor, carried the district by 223 majority, but Barnum was beatea by 537 votes. He ran behind 143 in his own town of B<idgc-pcrt. Had he ran up with his ticket he would have been elected, by 223 votes, but tailing short of the poll of his party 805, he was of cotTsc <!cleatcc. 2S7~lntb« report of the lleilth Officer, recently published in our columns, there is a forcible sugg* slicn, which we hope will be acted upon with There is no more eertalu means of causing disease and of predisposing tic human system for the cholera than the use of unwholesome food, including stale im-ats, Hah s.ud vegetables. There is no legal protection to the public against tlic sale of this description of/ood. The high prices of fresh meats and of fresh vegetables lenders the sale of such articles in a partially decayed condition, at a re duced price, au easy matter. Vegetable* ; not sold one day are offered the next day, and so on, until they arc sold at lower prices, when, in fact, they should not be sold or used at all. The same maybe Slid of meats. As the meat gets stale its price is reduced, and it is continued to be sold uetil it becomes too “high” for the uostrils of even the most indifferent. It Is then thrown into the briue barrel and in time comes forth as corned beef or perk, and, though essentially rotten, is poshed off upon consumers among the poorer classes. This is all wrong. No man can eat deeajed-meat without injury to his health, and, in seasons of cholera, without directly preparing hiftiself for that malady. The remedy for this is iu the hands of the Board of Health. They should make it the duty of their inspectors to visit daily all places in their respective districts where meals and vegetables are sold, and examine and confiscate al such meats and vegetables not sound and fit for use as food, and to punish heavily by fine all persons offering or exhibiting the tame for sale. This should not be done oc casionally, but regularly, and, iu seasons of sickness, dally. Venders of these poisons would soon discover that the law was to be enforced, and would find it to their interest to comply with its requirements. p*?“A meddlesome individual in Massa chusetts has addressed and published a long letter to General Grant, urging him to quit the practice of smoking. The letter is written, cf course, with the best intentions. It would be well, however, for the writer (Mr. Trask is his name) to remember that the practice of impertinence Is as offensive os the practice of smoking, and nearly as com mon. Mr. Trask informs General Grant that the decline of the power of Turkey Is due to the inordinate use of tobacco. The chain of reasoning by which Mr. Trask arrives at this conclusion is not particularly Incid. If na tional power had never declined in any part of tbe world, until offer the discovery of the tobacco plant, there would be more point to Mr. Trask’s counterblast. But the fact that the Byzantine Empire declined and fell on the identical ground now occupied by the Turks, several centuries before the practice of smoking became prevalent there, leads lo the supposition that other causes, such as polygamy, Mohammedanism and opium may have been as potential as tobacco in bringing Turkey to "rief. - The Prussians are greatly addicted to the practice of smoking, and they have indulged in the use of the weed for as long a time as the Turks, but they do not seem to be in a decline so far as national power is concerned. We have no apologies to make for smokers, but we insist that they arc enti tled to as respectful consideration as busy bodies or illogical reasoners. fer i ne dominant party I? again making prepa rations In every part of Uu* city to nominate par tisans instead of men for all tbe city offices.—Chi cago Times. Turning to another column of the Bour bon concern we find that the Copperhead primary meetings made the following nomi nations for Aldermen; Third Ward, Geo. A. Meech; Sixth Ward, David Watah; Seventh Ward, Pat. Carraber; Eighth Ward, John Comlskcy; Thirteenth Ward, Thos. Shir ley-several Wards made no nominations. But this whole batch are mere “ partisans instead of men.” They are old worn out partisan hacks, and several of them pothouse politicians, who have no other regard for the City Government than the plunder they and their confederates hope to squeeze or pecu late out of It. CST The enforcement of the Prohibitory Liquor Law was commenced in Boston on tbe Ist day of April. All the retail drinking establishments, including the lager beer sa loons and cider tups, were shut up, except the bar-rooms of the hotels. The latter were left open under an apprehension that (he proprietors would close their homes al together. The wholesale establishments were also left open, for fear of a riot. The drinkers accordingly supplied themselves by wholesale, and it la stated that many of them partook so freely as to haye been in toxicated for the first time in their lire?, while two cases of death are reported from the use of alcohol by persons who could not obtain their accustomed beverages. We can hardly believe that the friends of the prohibitory law in Boston will burlesque their cause by waging war on the small liq uor dealers, and leaving the larger ones to go scot free. This is simply adding the evils ot monopoly to the evils which they profess to combat. Boston is as good a place to continue the experiment of prohibitory legislation as can bo found in the country; therefore, let it he thoroughly tried, and lot the country watch it carefully to the' end. Anything less than impartial suppression will bring the law and all its ad vocates into contempt. The New Obleaks Duel.—A telegraphic despatch from New Orleans, a few daya.ago, stated that a duel had been fonght with fatal results, between George Foerster, edi tor of the German Zcitung of that city, and one Ostcrmann, manager of the German Na tional Theatre of New Orleans. A letter to a friend of Foerster, In this city, received yesterday, gives tbe following account of the affair: Ostcrmann, who was a married man, kept a mistress, the knowledge of which came to the cars of bis wife, and enraged her to a furious degree. She determined to punish her faithless spouse for his alleged Infidelity to his martial vows. Armed with a cowhide, she sought him out and administered a severe chastisement to him. Foerster beard of the affair and published it in his paper, giv ing time, place and particulars. Whereupon Ostcrmann challenged him to fight a duel, which was accepted. The weapons chosen were six-shooting navy revolvers, distance fifteen paces. Six shots were to be exchanged unless one of the parties fell. After each shot cither duelist was at liberty to advance three paces towards his antagonist before the next fire. The parties took their positions, and at the word, both fired, but neither was hit. Again the word was given, and a second round'was delivered, with like harmless re sult. At the third discharge Foerster was struck in the right breast and fell. Tbe wound is pronounced mortal, bat the honor (?) of both was supposed to bo viudlcatcd. Foerstcrwas formerly a local editor of the Chicago Stoats Zeitung , but went to New Orleans about the close of the war and es tablished a German paper, with politics to suit the prevailing sentiments of the city. .The wife of Ostcrmann was the daughter of one Boettncr, who was the manager of tbe German Theatre In this city five or six years ago. Challenges are rarely given or duels fonght, now-a-days, unless there is a woman at the bottom of tbe trouble. When men engage in mortal combat, it Is generally safe to inquire, “ What is her name, and where did the come from ?” jggfrjohn Stuart Mill, Esq., has thrown the weight ofhis great influence and power ful aigumeut in favor «f the classical course of collegiate education—not, however, to the exclusion of scientific studies, or any other department of useful Instruction. As regards modern languages he holds that these can be acquired so much more readily and perfectly by a sojourn in .the countries where they arc spoken, than by collegiate Instruction, that it is not desirable to make them a part of tbe curriculum of English colleges, though the study of those languages should be optional with the stu dent. Mr. Mill’s address to the students of St. Andrew’s College, Scotland, of which he is elected honorary President, is perhaps the most compact and instructive essay on the general snbjcct of education that has ever been written in the English language. *5!"“ At an indignation meeting, in Rich mond, Va., against the insurance companies that refuse to take “Jew risks,” Maj*or Mayo said that “he had been in the Insurance business many years in Richmond ; had had most of his dealings with the Jewish people, and could hear testimony to the uprightness aid honesty of their conduct. He had also been Prosecuting Attorney for a long time, aud daring his entire official life not more than three Jews had ever ben brought be fore him. In the Council he hail sat with them, aud in all the relations of life he had found them trustworthy.” r??*Thc Copperhead papers have much to say about a “ reaction against the Radicals,” alleged to be taking place. Tbe election in Rhode Island, two days after that in Con necticut, don’t exhibit very much “reac tion at least, we could not see it. The Cops, fired uo guns over the result in “Little I’hody.” Sy - * The Republicans elected their ticket in Cleveland by an average majority of 403, except for Their candidate for May or became Involved lu Maine-liwisra, and .-uliei i-d defeat by -ISO votes. The rest of the ticket vos a'l elected. After a spirited contest iu the city of Toledo, the Republicans elected their ticket by 500 majority, and carried ten of the Aldermen. Not much “reaction” i here. Tin: Spring Elections. ILLINOIS. The result of the charter election in Peoria was a arawn battle. The Republicans fleet their candidates for City Attorney, Marshal, : eel two Police Magistrates. The Democrats carry the Mayor (by less than ouo hundred), Crcrk, Treasurer and Collector. This la a Land.-ou.’C train on last year’s el-.ctloo, uud may be set down as a Union Republican vic tory. The result for officers in Peoria i« very close, and can only be determined by the official canvass. lion. Peter Sweat, a leading Democratic politician in Peoria for many years, voted the Republican ticket. Due o! the curiosities of the canvass i?, that every Irish candidate was beaten, and ull of the editorial candidates (four in all), save one. Among the Irishmen defeated is the notorious W. W. O’Brien, who ran for City Attorney. The Democratic majorities for town offi cers in Springfield range from *1 to 130. Last year the range was from 10 to 202. The total vote is increased IGO since last year. The town election in Chatham, Sangamon County, resulted In the complete triumph of the Republican candidates. The Republicans of Adams County carried the town elections In Gilmer and Elllng ton, in the former town by an increased ma* jerity. In Rock Island County in the town elec tions on Tuesday, the Democrats earned Rock Island, and the Republican “Soldiers* Ticket,” Moline. A Tuuperance-uo-Licensc ticket was run in Jonesboro against ibe regular Democratic ticket, and beat it oa Mayor by twenty-two majority. The election was very sharply contested. INDIANA. The Republicans carried the town election In Lafayette for the first time in eight years. The Republican candidates for Trustee, Jus tice of the Peace, and ail the Supervisors, were all elected. The Republicans of Laporte elected all Lhc-ir town officers by heavy majorities. The Republicans of Evansville elected their entire city ticket on Monday, by majorities ranging from 100 to 1,000. They also carried nearly ull the town officers. The Trustees are said to be neutral in politics and reli gion. MICHIGAN. The returns for Supreme Judge, Regent of the University, delegates to the Constitu tional Convention, etc., arc yet very incom plete, but there is no doubt of the election by targe majorities of the Republican can didates of the former two, and a large ma jority of the delegates. In Branch County all the Supervisors, with a single exception, are Republicans. MINNESOTA, In Winona, the Republicans elected Mr. Cone, Mayor, by 72 majority, and all but one of theothcr candidates. Thcentire vote was 1,120. The largest political vote ever cast in that city betore was 945. OHIO. In Sanduskc, the Democrats carried the city election on Monday—the Mayor by 59 majority. The Democrats have hitherto did the same thing. The Republicans have,a way of nominating a ticket, and never try ing to elect it. NEBRASKA. In Brownsville, the Republicans elected their entire ticket for city officers on Mon day last. Pout Office Changes In Illinois. The following is a list of appointments of Postmasters and Post Office changes in Illi nois since our lost report. It includes all the confirmations up to the adjournment of Con gress on Saturday last: BT THE PESSIDZST ASZ) SESATE. poet Offices. „ Counties. Postmasters. Rkiomlcctoa. McLean .Win. Cromwell, Vmu? ".Will.. Alonro Leach. KewaneeV Hcsiy Norman H. Pratt, fetekoort Will Gcoree M. Linn. Moi 1 l?*.. ’■•■• •• ■ • Rock Island WuXamKcrM. SgJ" .Stl. a»a o.spSui. ocie Hamilton Norton. sS&".;i;:;r."":SSSoD w. s. or«n. TIT THE POBTMASTEB OBXEEAL. y‘JSS tcny y c S!f:;::;:;::v.E“wf a ®rkS^; u““ ( "ctv"";;;;cS.i=T gl c “l“ bSS« Malm a . T. h?* (IldltlnUr It nil ...JlCOb Weaflt. Ui-dou... ..’.....Vat. J*p 8 5«*r, Kocc Gtotc Alfred Camp- Scncca LaSalle. samuel niVfnM U * Wme# Joelß. BertoliL WltUtflelc Marshall Conrad J: lick. KA3LE CBAXOED. Looking Glair....Clinton, to New Baden. Tux Exposition.— The earthworks of the Pari Exhibition, including the Paramount to upward of half a million cubic yards. The Ironwork amounts to 13,200 lons, of which 10,000 tons are in ibe great machinery paihry. The windows of this gallery present a surface of 53,700 square yards, and those of the other galleries 43,000. The palace itself occupies an area of 140,10! square yards. Of this, 61,000 square yards will bo occupied by France, 31,058 by England, and 2,900 by the United States. IOWA. Politics of the State. List of Eepublioan Candidates for Governor. Their Claims Ibr RJomina- tion. Pen-aud-Ink Sketches of Some Prominent Politician;. [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Trihnne.l Mdbcatikx, lowa, April 3- The Republicans of lowa who arc Intensely radical, are rather glad than otherwise that Connecticut has gone to‘‘the demnition bow-wows.” They have always felt that cx- Govemor Buckingham, Senators Foster and Dixon, and other prominent Republicans amongst the Nutmcggcrs were, if not down right cowards, deplorably lacking in pluck, and the best things on this political world, stiff backs. They have thought a good thrashing might have a fine effect. In this belief they are sublimely serene over our defeat there. They regret, of course, for personal reasons, the defeat of General Hawley, who was himself sound and reliable, but hope that present disaster will make an end forever of the general shll- ly.shallyness of Connecticut politics, and of sea-mcrmald and woolly-horse candidates for Congress. It Is pleasing to turn from Connecticut politics to lowa politics. Our representa tive men have, almost without an exception, proved true to the great principles of tbe Re publican party. But one of oar eminent men, of any earthly account, went over to A. Johnson. This was General Fitz Henry, Warren, of Burlington, who was buried out of sight, last fall, by an adverse majority of six thousand in tbe First District, and has since been fighting mosquitoes and galliuip pers. and swearing, like oar army in Fland ers, 4 way down in Guatemala.” The late Hon. John A. Hasson also, there can bo no doubt, contemplated treachery, hut backed out before accomplishing bis designs, and, after the discovery that the anti-Johnson storms were fiercely thundering oil around the lowa skies. Poor Tom Beuton, Junior (Old Bogus, not Old Bullion), and tbs rest were small potatoes, and few to the hill. Their treachery has only succeeded in damning them. It is refreshing to reflect that Grimes, and Har lan, and Kirkwood, and Wilson, and Price, and Allison, and Hubbard—all our repre scutativc, executive and judicial officers, in fact, have proved true as steel, and power fully influential against the great White Houscgcriminal. The press never faltered, nor the people. Ido not believe there are 200 renegade Republicans in the whole State of lowa. Jnst now the Radicals of lowa arc having lively times talking about gubernatorial candidates. Thu present Executive has been unfortunate. Nobody thinks he has been dishonest personally (at any rate, there are not many who think he lias), hut the contingent account has been loosely kept, and some of the swamp land money bus taken to itself wings, or legs, and got out of the way somehow. lienee, thoughtful men begin to look around for a candidate. They do not want any more carelessness. They believe the great, and growing, and glorious Stale of lowa—which will undoubtedly have a population of more than a million in less than two years from now—ought to have a Governor who shall not only be sound In politics, but who can conduct the business of- the executive ofllce skilfully aud honestly. Of course they want a man of ability and reputation. Somebody has been telegraphing to the Chicago papers from Marshalltown, in this State, that the friends of Colonel Merrill, General Baker and Mr. Grinnell were sure of the success of their candidates respectively. Marshalltown is a lively place. It has a pub* Ue square, a woollen factory, one depot, and a newspaper aud a half, this city furnishing the better half of one. It has capital aspi rations. But the actual capital is in the way. So your Chicago papers had a despatch from Dee Moines to the eifcct that the contest luy between ~4G eneral ■Williams,” whoever he may be, and General Baker. No doubt the despatches were true enough as to Marshall' tewu and Des Moines, but there arc other clt les, and towns, and villages in this Slate, bo It said with modesty. There are plenty of candidates, too. Let mo speak of -.-ome of them, for the information of your thousands of readers in the Northwest who take an in terest in lowa politics. Colonel Samuel Merrill, of Clayton Coun ty, receives the almost universal support of the press of Northern lowa, and Is kindly spoken of by all. Colonel Merrill Is a Yan kee by birth, but has long beet) a citizen of lowa. He was elected to the Legislature In 1850, wheu the rest of our candidates got badly defeated. In that body he was noted aa au elliciait legislator, but without any of the powers ot' glorious gab. When it was necessary to explain a meusu:c ho could do so us tcutibly, as clearly and os quickly us any body, hm was tot amongst the talking members. Ills IcgMitivccareer was credit*- ble. honorable, nut aid not place him prom inently before tLc general pjblic. la ISG2, he wa.-> appointed Colonel of our-Twcuty lirst InUntry. The record ho made lu the army was llrsl raie. He directed In person the combat of Ilartsvillc on the Union side, and tor his gallantry and skilful conduct re ceived the hearfy praises ot Ills su perior ©Ulcer?, and me respect of the toldicry under him. He for sonic time commanded a Division m Mi-Toan. ilis regiment v*»s c msplcuous at the bailie of Port Gibaoo, Miss., and espe cial. y at the storming of the works of Big Black River Bridge. The Twcotj llrsl and Twmtj-ltird lowa regiments were fearfully cut up in that terrible but successful assault. Colonel Kinsman, of the latter regiment, was tlain, anti Coined Merrill wcll«n>gh mor tally wounded. Indeed, the correspondent of the Tniimsß, who saw Colonel Merrill very toon after the assault, reported him aitio&gst the morally wounded. It was very many m ii'lis before bo recovered. his redgnailrm lie Ins been engaged in the banking badness, lie is a Christian gca* llctnan. without any bid habits whatever, and witiiout a stun on Ids public or private repetition. A man of cmd strong sense, great lirnmc«p, much inlelh-cluat culture, and a thorough practical understanding of but-iness both in the largo score and in the details, it is not singular that the Radicals of Northern lowa so generally desire his nomi nation ; and the more earnestly, because the Colonel never saw the day when he was cot true to the great questions of human rights. 1 think it greatly to the credit of Colcnel Merrill that lie was born an Abolitionist, and has always gloried In his birth. General N. B. Baker, of Clinton County, has very many friends. He has had conald eiiiblc political experience. He was once Governor of New Hampshire, being chosen Chief Executive of that little Common* wealth somewhere about the time F. Pierce was elected President of tbe United States. He ran again, but was badly beaten. So be came lo lowa. Uo wus a member of our Legislature at tbe same time Colonel Merrill was. lie was then a Democrat, and the leading member of lliat side of the House. After'Governor Kirkwood discovered that Adjutant General Jesse Bo»en was not the man for the place in time of war, he ap pointed Baker Iu his stead, and from that day to this he has had charge of the office. His reports are models of fulness and big ness. He entered upon tbe discharge of his duties with the greatest enthusiasm, and gave all the energies of his go-ahead nature to the work. There are but lew men In lowa, who did not serve in the field, who did more to give thf 1 Stale its proud position during the war than “ Nat. Baker.” He is of the most genial nature, universally popular. Ills jolly, rollicking ways, in tbe opinion of some, are not“just the thing, but a great proportion of Toung America will stand by him to the last ditch. He has many earnest friends in all parts of the State, and I believe he might easily be nominated were it not for the tear in many minds that he might return to former roystering ways, which he has lately abandoned. General James A. "Williamson, of Polk County, will be a strong candidate. Up to tbe breaking out of the war lie was a Demo crat, but he Is now a sturdy and zealous Radical. He was tbe -first Adjutant of our Fourth Infantry, a command which “won immortal honors” at Pea Ridge, and which wus ordered by General Grant himself to inscribe upon its banner* “The First at Chickasaw Bajou.” Colonel G. M. Dodge, afterwards Major General, and now Representative in Congress from the Fifth District, was the first commander of this regiment. Williamson succeeded Dodge in tbe Colonelcy, and became a full Brigadier General before the close of the war. He long commanded the lowa Brigade of the Fifteenth Corps (so doing all through the Atlanta campaign,) and those who are fami liar with the history of the war, know that he and his command performed conspicuous service wherever they were ordered. Gen eral Williamson’s personal record Is as pure as his military record is bright; he is a fine orator, and uo man can say that he is not admirably qualified to make an excellent Governor. Hon. J. B. Grinncll, of Poweshiek County, late Representative in Congress, is, perhaps’, the most persistent candidate yet named of those who did not serve with the volunteers •in the late war. The country knows prettv much all about Griucell (without knowing much,) and I need not speak of him a length. The principal objections that have been urged against bim are his extreme tariff views, and the fact that Rousseau caned him willi Impunity. . These are the men whom the telegraph has spokeu oi as Republican candidates for Governor of lowa, for, of course, tbe “ Wil liams” of the telegram was General Wil liamson. But more have been mentioned by the local press: General Vandevcr, of Du buque: General Rice, of Mahaska ; General Hedrick, of Wapello; General Shaw, of Jones; Colonel Smythc, of Linn; Colonel Dan. Anderson, of Monroe; General Glas gow, of Wayne; Colonel Penn. Clarke, of Johnson; General Reid, of Lee; and others, doubtless, whom I do not nnw think of. The names of several eminent “civilians” have also bcccn mentioned: Hon. George G. Wright, of the Supreme Court; Hon.J. W. Coittll, formerly Auditor of State; Hon. L. W. Ross, Senator from Pottawattamie; Hon. Charles C. Nourse, formerly Attorney General; Hon. D. P. Stubbs, of Jefferson ; J. B. Howell, Esq., of Lee, and others. With the exception of two oc three, these gentlemen arc quite gcnually known Ibiougtout tbe State, and all cf them to the active politicians in nearly every county. They are also favorably knowi, and there Is l not one of them who has not considerable local influence. Among the ei-soldiers here i named there arc several who lave long been i eminent in politics, and three or four whose services in the army were mwt highly dia » tinguished. jt, will thus bo seen that tbe Rcnnblicans of lowa need not have any difficulty in sc < looting a good candidate for the head of their 1 ticket In the coming campaign. If there should be tar embarrassment at all. It will arise from the embarrassment of riches, from tbo trouble of selecting the best mate* rial from bo large a quantity. - which la flrslratc. Bnt there will be no un seemly scramble ' for office. Of all the men who hare been named, above, bat very few bavo done, or will do anything at all to secure the nomination. This fact, where a nomination is equivalent to an election by a rousing majority. Is highly creditable to our people, for they will not let anybody be nominated who goes to grabbing for the office. Theyhavo baa enough oftbat kind of Governor. Hence your professional office-seekers, especially for places of great inliucncc and political power, quite naturally and topically take bacs seats. If this letter should prove to be acceptable, I may Eondyouanotberabout the prosperity, present condition, and future prospects of the Huwkeyc State, which not only gives larger Radical majorities, In proportion to jopulotlon, than any other State in the Jdlod, but can grow more corn, and onions, and wheat, and so forth. Hawkeye. THE EIGHT-HODR SYSTEM. Another Argument in iu Favor, Chicago, April 4,1887. To the Editor of the Chicago I'nbuoe: I desire, through your columns, to say -a few words on the eight-hour question. But before doing so, I desire to thank you for your liberality in allowing the working meu to represent their.cause la you valued paper. In your criticism on my lormcr article, you represent me as “ making no difference be tween the slaves of the South and the work ing men of the North,” as supposlng au ab solute “ ownership of the mechanic by his employer.” I should bo very sorry to be so understood, for Certainly nothing was far ther from my mind than snch an idea; nor do I think there is a single sensible mechanic in Chicago that will so interpret my language; so I leave the matter In their hands. Yon say that I claim that a man can do more work in eight, or even six, hours, thau he can do in ten hours. What splendid nonsense. I said nothing of the kind. Bat 1 did say, and Ido eay, that a man can do as much work in eight, or even six, hours of skilfni labor, cheerfully ren dered and intelligently applied, as be docs, (mark the word, do«,) now in ten hours as at present rendered and applied. Nay, more. I claim this as a principle, a legiti mate result; so you see I have hero removed that little if” that pave you so much trouble. Still farther, eight nours of labor per day is full as much as, perhaps mure than, laboring men can perform, without doing violence to their physical constitu tions ; so If the employers want more work done, let them cither employ more men, or build and operate more machinery, instead oi working the lew laboring men to death, in order to do tbe labor of the world. Besides this, it is not always the amount of work, bat the quality of it, that is valuable. Who docs not k.iow that one skilful mechan ic Is worth twice as much per day as an or dinary one? Hence the paramount necessi ty ol making all Intelligent. This can only be done oy resting tbe body and improving the mind. You say that the Massachusetts committee diff.-r with me on this question. Quite likely, ns they vicWit from a different standpoint. They speak as the representa tives and advocates of the already overgrown manufacturing corporations of their State, that have got priuccly rich out of the poor man’s toil in two ways: First, by the profits arlfcloc directly from his labor; secondly, by Imposing on him a high tariff, which indi rectly takes the little Jic did earn out of Ab pocket aud puts it in theirs; whilst 1 speak as u mechanic seeking to throw off at least a portion ol this double oppression from tbe overbnrdencd shoulders ol my fellow men. You fay that! recognize ou “Irrepressible contlict between capital and labor.” Wro. g again. I recognize a repressive conflict, fierce and determined—a conflict that shall only continue until equal and impartial justice is done to all concerned. You say that “there Is no conflict;” that “capital and labor are in harmony.” Our honored Governor said the same thing in hU speech (not as reported). Webster defines contllct to mean “ contest, strife,” and I say there la a conflict, a comeat, bet not an “ ir repressible” one. To prove this, I cite to you the many acts of oppreasiou practiced by tbc rich upon the poor, by capital upon labor from time immemorial down to the King viliany of founding the corucr-stoueof the Southern Confederacy on the “right of capital to own labor.” I cite to you, on tbc other bund, the many elforts of labor, through multiplied strikes, riots and trades* unions, through all past time down to the crushTtg of that corner stone to powder, and to tbc passage of our eight hour law. 1 cite you to the contest referred to by the Tribune in the Massachusetts Legislature. I cite to you, on the one hand, the hot baste »ith which the employers met in the Masonic Temple and threw down the ••glove’* to the mechanics, and tempt, by their illogical preamble and un tenable resolutions to “ get tbc start of this males’ic world,” forestall public opinion, and thus overreach tbc laboring man ; and on the other hand, I die to you tbc promptness with which the laboring men look up tbc glove at the Opera llmse, audin the language of their President, “re pudiated the action of the employers.” Mr. Ingeibol, iu bis eloquent speech, which the working men will not sooa forget, said that there w«-re “ but two parties to the con test, the robber ami the robbed.” I offer all I here multitudinous fact.- as irrcfmgible evi dence i lint there U a conflict bc’ween capital and labor, (not. as you call if, au “ Irrepres sible conflict,” but a coulllict that can be rr pressed,) respecting the interests of the tolling millions that too long have “forced tbc stubborn glebe to yield its unshared har vest.” You say that the employer and bis em ploye are In partnership, working together on shares, dividing the profits. It Is ex telly tbisulvlsion that I complain of; it is just Mich a division of profits as the white man made with the Indian. They bunted in purl’-crship aed divided tbc profits, the white taking the turkey and giving Mic Indian the buzzard. Would you know the effects of such a part nership, and each man’s “share” as “divi dend V' Behold it in the employer’s man sion and the employe’s shanty ; the employ er’s dinner table and mechanic’s dinner backet; in the employer’s coach and the employe’s wheelbarrow; in the employer’s cnurch pew and the tailor’s bench beside hi* hut; In the employer’s turkey and the mechanic’s buz zard—a splendid “coptrtncrsUip,” and a most equitable division of profits. The evils here comnlained of are chronic, as old us time, as huge as high Olympus, and they cannot lie remedied in a day, nor by violence, nor by counter injustice, nor liy strikes and riots. Such lessons “ teach bloody instructions which always return to plague the inventor. The lirst element in success Is always to deserve It. The remedy must be mildly undertaken, firmly executed, wisely considered, pa tiently persevered in, characterized by moderation, justice and determination. Nor can It be accomplished for the working men; but it must be accomplished b<j them, tied each working man who does not con tribute his efforts is unworthy the benefits of success. Nor can any laboring mao hope to have bis condition bettered whilst he is hinmlf unworthy ; nor can he expect tuat Ifiends will have the heart to help him, whilst he prostitutes ull the {acuities of his manhood at the gaming dens, grog-shops, cribs and other hot beds of hell. The worst opponents of success are the worst class of working men themselves. They do more to hinder the progress of tills grand reform by their example of unworthlncss, for how can they expect the assistance of other mm, whilst they themselves pcrebl In beluga libel upon human nature, a menace to civili zation, a curse to community, that smiles bun.unlty with a shudder, and assaults morality. No. no, no; these arc not the kind ol men, nor ia this tho way to cure these most radical ailments. But it must be done by the respectable, honest, peaceable, prudent, careful, industrious work ing men, not by pulling down or break ing up tbeir employers, (for who would work for a bankrupt boss?) but by a vigorous, persevering effort to climb np themselves, liavlng all the while an equal eye on the indissoluble interests of both laborer and -employer. And I firmly believe that nothing would contribute so much to enre these evils here complained of as the cheerful, honest and hearty adoption of the Eight-Hour Law, followed, as it will be, as sure as day follows the night, bymorc cheeriui and effective labor, dally growing more valuable, because more Intelligent; by the invention and introduction of new and improved machinery; by a belter fecliu" be teen labor and capital; by the Increased ed ucation, intelligence, happiness and efii cicncy of the laboring masses, followed by a system of co-operation ;—thus promoting a mutual interchange of good words and works among all concerned. Mechanic. New England Items, Two hundred thousand dollars worth of glass ware was sold at auction In Boston, on Thursday, the 20lh ult.—the largest sale of the kind ever made in the country. A Maine paper says that a baby was re* ccntly carried off on a train and the mother accidentally left behind. The woman was put on board a spare engine at hand, which overtook the hying train, shackled on to the rear, the woman passed over the tender to the car without the train being stopped, and mother and baby were all right. Mrs. M. G. ‘Whitney, ot West Dumraerston, Vt., committed suicide last Friday by cut ting her throat with a razor. She had been in feeble health for some time, and was sub ject to fits of despondency. In a lit of despondency, Ziba Whipple, an old and respectable citizen of BarrtUvllle, R. 1., shot himself on Tuesday last. A Ore took in the Hartford High School on the 28th ult., and spread rapidly, tilling all the rooms with smoke, but the teachers pre vented a panic among the two hundred and . fifty scholars by quietly directing them to pack up their books and elates and depart in order. A town In Connecticut, which has a stand ing reward of $3 per capita for foxes taken within Us limits, recently refused to settle •with a huntihg party that had killed thir teen, because the animals were young. The question now agitating Iho town is, 44 When is a fox a fox?” l*entonal items. Professor Hitchcock, of Amherst College, has made apost mortem upon the body of Miss Ida Hall, who died in Springfield last week, and decided it a clear case of trichlnl asis. The Spanish journals announce the death of Cardinal dc Puente, Archbishop of Burgos. He was born at Seville, and studied In Eng land in company with Cardinal Wiseman, who was much attaobed to' him. Clerk McPherson is writing the “Life of Tbaddeus Stevens.” ** Several of the Paris journals state that the King of Portugal has engaged the first floor of the Hotel Bristol for the peribd of tho Ex position, at the rate of 1,500 francs a day I The Queen of Spain Is in an interesting sit uation. ° Sir Roderick 'Murchison at last admits that there is no doubt of the death of Dr. Livingstone, Madame Roland’s letters to her school mates, the Catmeis, have Just been publish ed complete for. the first time. Several passages were omitted from the last edition, that of 1843, on account of references in them painful to persons who were then liv ing, hut-havc since died. Tho Pali Gazelle remarks of the nom ination of Mrs. Frances Lord Bond to be our Consul at some British seaport, that “a lady In an cm : nently interesting condition or a nursing mother required to deal vigorously with a mutinous erew of drunden rowdies, would scarcely be the right woman in the right place.” Mary Ke-e-Hei, widow of Philander Pres cott, die d at the residence of her son in-law. Ell Pcttijoln, Esq., at Shakopee, Mitm., last week, and was buried on Sunday. Mrs. Pres cott was one of the tribe of the old Lake Cal houn band ol Dakota Indians, and was about sixty years of age. The Minneapolis Chron icle remarks; “ Industrious, frugal, kind, and a Chris tian, being a member of the Presbyterian Church, her house was always the home of the missionaries, as well of those who had no home. Her husband, Philander Prescott, who was so barbarously killed by the In dians, August 10th, ISOS, on tbe frontier, kept an upon house at Fort Suclliog from 1837 to 1955; and she always received the numerous guests with that consideration which was due them. Sbe was a good wlfo, a ibnd mother, aud one of the most even tempered and consistent women we ever know. She relieved the wants of the poor, visited the sick, and bestowed deeds of char ity upon those who were needy. She was never idle. While she never talked English or French, she understood both languages as well as she did that of the Dakotas—her na tive tongue.” John P. Celts, a young man residing at Columbns City, Louisa County, lowa, on Saturday last, took by mistake a fatal dranght of poison from a bottled labelled “ Wahoo Bitters.” He died very quickly. FROM LAFAYETTE, IND. Tbe Elections—Largo Republican Halos and iJratlfvlnc Triumphs—An Important iflnrdcr Trial—New Banl£ - Building—Crop Prospects. [Special Correspondence of ibe Chicago Tribune.] Lafatette, Ind., April 3. The election returns received up to this time from this and the adjoining coanties, show that the Republicans of the Eighth Congressional District of Indiana have achieved a more splendid victory than they did ever before, and have completely wiped out the disgrace of last fall. On the 9lh of October, 1860, the Johnson ites carried this township by an average ma jority of 450, and came very, near carrying the county. On Monday lost the Radical Republicans swept this township by 200 ma jority, while their majority in the county will not foil short of 1,000. But this Is not all. Last fall the district was barely saved by the handsome majority rolled up by little

Warren; all the other counties either going against us or being exceedingly close. On Monday last we carried all the counties that went against us in October, and largely in creased our majorities in tbe close ones. Our majority in the district cannot full short of 2,500. Thjs result is not only highly gratifying. Inasmuch as it shows the progress made by radical ideas in that district of In diana which was most lamentably affected with Jobnsonism, but it is highly important, because it renders a largely increased Repub lican majority at the election next fall a matter of absolute certainty. Our new Criminal Court has been In session since Monday lost, and has its bands fall of important cases. None of them excite moro attention than that of Francis Pio, the sus pected accomplice of Leon dc la Foret, a Frenchman, who was convicted last fall of having assassinated Caspar Sqler near this city, and Is now serving a life term at the State Prison, in Michigan City. Pio eluded our officers for several months, hut was finally caught at some backwoods village, in lowa. He is now in jail in Ibis city, and has made a partial con fession, which, although the prisoner still protests his own innocence, Is important and gratifying, because It shows that the chain of circumstantial evidence on which de la Foret was convicted was true In every par ticular. The Chicago Tiubune contained at the time of de la Foret’s trial a full report of the truly wonderful events that led to the detection of the murderers of Sqicr. Pio’s trial, which will commence in a few days, promises to add another strange chap ter to that horrible and mysterious tragedy. Our First National Bank has moved Into its splendid new building, on the north side of the public square. It is the finest struc ture of the kind In the West, and Is an honor to its architect, Mr. J. M. Van Osdcl, of Chi cago. The crop prospects iu this vicinity arc not very piomiffing. A great deal of the wiuter a Ltut was killed, and the fruit trees were me re or less affected by the cold weather in Match. ' A. Y. XiIEKUfc*SIAH-AHKRICAN TEL EGiurn. Why tlio Emerprhe Iln* Reoa Aban utitiid by tire Wemeru Union Tele •rrapn Company. The following official circular, from 'Wil linn, 11. Orion, Vico President of tUe West ern Union Telegraph Company, to Secre tary Senard, explains the causes of the sus pension of wot k on the Russian-American Telegraph enterprise: The link" of mu company having been com pleted to New Westminster, the capital ol British Columbia, that etty became the starting point lor the line to Untsln. Wilb greater case ihan tho building of ILc IHe from Chicago to nan i rancls cu. bill iiii’e* of tie line were erected, and Una vires connected to the banka of tuo Mmpsoa River. Bcioid h oniv needed a vigorous a"dln •clliget.l commirsanat to overcome the ditllculUcs uf iransDonaion. aid pash the construction of the line to the Behring Sea and onto the tvtuiicfll point al the mouth of the Amoor Indeed, at every forward step made in thi- great wo>k. dilliculties vanished us resolute bands ap proached them, and wt-rc found to bo fewer than \vcr< at first contemplated. Mot only so butmoat important information respecting the navigable character of the northern etreams have been se cured. The Sleeken has been found' to be navi gable for bonis of considerable size for 10(1 miles irom its mo üb, and that steam vessels con as reud ibe Knlichpak aid Yokon rivers for proba bly 1,(100 miles from tho Pacific—two facts of great importance, and furnishing unexpected aid in tho distribution of material. On the Asiatic side our explorations have also proved that the Anadir River can be navigated at least 250 miles Irom the eca, acd that there is abundance oi timber on Its upper waters, suita ble lor our purposes. Everything conspired to render the whole scheme more and more practica ble as the labor upon it progressed. No want of capital, no physical difikmty, no doubt of our ahdiiy to complete the work contemplated, led to our recent determination to suspend operations ibeicou. The cause of that suspension we now orat ed to state. The successful laying of the Atlantic Cable in 1:00 developed, in process of time, several im portant fscU, us unexpected to the company who laid it as to us and Ibc public wbo look interest in such mailers. Übc ability ofa cable of 2,000 miles In length, surk in tno ocean, to convey tbc manipulations of tbc lelegrapb and for any length of time through it, was a matter of almost uciversal doubt. No'hlog aided more to strengthen that impression than tbc record kept by tbe electricians on board the Government vessels which bore their respective porllons'of tbc cable in IS3S from mid ccean to the shores of tbc two continent*. Weak, variable, uncertain, there seemed no indications of a power lo predicate the supply of commercial commnnication iberoon—at least, so far os public knowledge of that Interesting voyage was re ceived. Atd when it readied tbe snores, rnd all the world seemed to want to talk through it, it was loui-d that outside ol a few feeble utterances, which to this day are erroneously believed by many never to have been made, that cable was simply a success of cnglnecripg skill in stretching a numb bond between the Old World and tbc Experimenter In Europe wllh subterranean and extended submarine lines were unsatisfactory uud discouraging. They generally revealed such a detention ot the electric fluid, such a want of ability to perform prompt and accumulated ser vice, as to discourage their general use. The cur rent over the cable was known to he of such tenu ity that the human eye could not catch tbe mo tions of the mechanism except by the aid ofa strung light applied to the motive part, revealing by rao : ation on the wall tho pulsation which the Huger could not led and the eye could not other wise detect. To satisfy European commerce by each means t-eemed impossible. Even had that cable con tinued to woik it was reasonable lo presume that with so slow a process of transmission there was business cnousbtor the quicker manipulation of a telegraph by land, although It was obliged to shoot its messages over three-fourths of the sur face of the globe. . . « Under suen circumstances what was our duty? Government, for the sako of national pride and governmental n-es, ml«rhi have been justified in pushing the work to completion, even if it should cost a largo sum annually lo maintain it. Russia mnsr, before many years, reach New-Archangei, in America, by tehgiapb, tor the simple purposes of her governmental arrangements. But wccould cot pn pcrly employ tho capital entrusted to ns rxct-pt under piomtec of reasonable return from its investment. , . , The proof that the basis of revenue had been removed was only needed to be complete to make the duty of at oncj stooping the whole work a slern, peremptory necessity. That proof we have bceu from month to month receiving. So clear and cumulative has that evidence been that wc have been compelled, though with great reluc tance, to ackrowiedge Its complctene’s and pow er. All doubts concerning the capacity and cm cacyoftbe ocean cables are now dispelled, and the work of corstructlon on tho Russian line, after an expendituie of €3,000,000, has been dis continued. Could the Government be induced to prosecute tbe work now Interrupted to some available point labor North American possessions, wc will ex tend and maintain our lutes thither and thus all the objects sought by the respective Governments lor intercourse would be secured. Time, and the gradual opening un of auxiliary sources of busi ness. micht develop a revenue which would recompense for lue outlay and delay. Beyond this we are unable to see our ability to go on no der the circumstances already narrated. nisccUaueoua Items* The proposed London Aqueduct to bring water from the Westmoreland Lakes, as estimated, will be 183 miles long, deliver 83,000,000 gallons a day, and cost over $22,000,000. Molded peat is to be applied under an English patent to the manufacture of picture frames, moldings, decorations, etc., in the manner of papier maehe or hard rubber. The British Government is seriously con sidering the project ol making the whole telegraph system a branch of the Post Office. In Belgium, where every Post Office has its wire, a message of twenty words Is sent to any part of the Kingdom for ten cents. In Switzerland, under the same system, both messages and money orders can be sent at very low rotes, and people send more mes sages than letters.- In a cose which will soon be tried in the New York Courts ample testimony will be produced to show that a portion of the City Hall Park is owned by the heirs of the Pro- vost family, and suits will follow which will . elicit the startling foot from indisputable deeds, maps and documentary evidence, that the residue of the ground was a part of the old Bayard farm, and that the municipal au thorities in their halls of legislation are mere squatters on a private domain. The Boston papers publish synopses of the reports of the Adjutant and Quartermaster Generals of the State. Thera Is reported an Increase of ten thousand and nicety-seven In the enrolled or inactive militia over the number returned in 1865. The entire mili tary force consists of four batteries and one section of light artillery, six companies of cavalry, and ninety-two of infantry, includ ing the two companies of Cadets. The well known farm of Daniel Webster, at Franklin, Is offered for sale. The place contains about 030 acres of land, and the fur niture used by Webster can be had with the house, if desired. On Monday last the appeal in the cose of Martin Allen and John Grady, the two men convicted of robbing the safe of Adams & Co., on the New Haven Railroad, and who were convicted at the last criminal court at Danbury, came up for hearing before the Su preme Court, at Bridgeport, Conn. The mo- tion lor a new trial was denied. Allen was sentenced to eight years and six months, and Grady to seven years and six mouths con finement In tbe State Prison of Connecticut at hard labor. Hartford has had another case of wholesale poisoning. The four children, between six and twelve years of age, of Nathan Lazarus, were taken seriously 111 on Friday night, and a medical examination showed that corrosive sublimate had been taken by them in food. None have yet died, bat the sufferings of all arc terrible, and two are not expected to live. There is no doubt the poison was ad ministered intentionally, though it is not known by whom. Three noted horse thieves, named Manly Case, Fred. Stone and Frank Brooller, broke oat of jail at Auamosa, lowa, on the 21st tilt-, and np to Ibis time have escaped cap ture. Five hundred dollars reward la offered for their capture, The Vigilance Committee is said to bo alter them, and if captnrcd they will probably steal no more horses. The St. Paul Press of the 28th alt., says that the day previous it was informed, upon good authority, of a case of suffering which occurred near Fort Snelllng a few day s since, that approaches nearly to tbe horrible. It was discovered by Dr. Smith, the post sur geon. He found in one of the shanties near the Fort a woman sick with pneumonia, and helpless in bed, without sufficient bed cloth- ing to make her comfortable. Across the foot of the bed lay a little child who bad died of the same disease. In another part of the room another child, also sick and help* less. These people had all been safferlmr from starvation and yet were unable to make tb cir wants known. At last the sufferings of one were terminated by death, and those of the o’ber two were almost ended in the same manner. Wo published last week an account, from the Anamosa (Iowa) 'Eureka, of a woman who, for a long time, had been terribly af dieted by the presence of a live lizard or snake in her stomach. The some paper, of the 2Stb ultimo, says: ‘•The attempt was again made last week to dislodge the so-called lizard, with the same symptoms and same result as before. The doctor then gave the patient castor oil and turpentine, with the view to destroy the lizard. This treatment was continued three days and the cause of all trouble and town talk seems to have given up the ghost. The pa tient afllrms that there is a feeling of heavi ness In the stomach as of some weighty sub stance. She Is fully rat lonal and apparently a woman of sense and good Judgment, and is firm in her belief in regard to tbc lizard in her stomach, as, indeed, arc all who have visited her. On the contrary, itiscontcnded by medical men and many others, that it Is an impossibility for a lizard or snake to exist in tbc stomach, and that It is simply a cose of hysterics.” Uolils Street Church commenced the work of rolsing the SBO,OOO asked of Boston by the Unitarian Association in good earnest. It raised $1,400, S2OO more than it raised last year. • THE FORT KEARNEY MAS SACRE. Tlie Indian*’ Own Account of tliat Terrible Act of Vnrbarlsm, [From the Helena (Montana) Herald, March 7.1 Dark g his late visit to Bozeman City, Neil Howie met and* conversed with white men who bad been out gathering furs and traf ficking with friendly Crow Indians, from whom they learned the first tangible, and probably as reliable and detailed, account os we will ever get of tbc manner In which that nnfortnnate band of soldiers were extermi nated and so horribly butchered near Fort Phil. Kearney. The Sioux savages who participated in the battle related the affair, together with their strntcgim used, to the Cruw Indians, about as follows: They (the Slonx) wore about 2,000 strong all warriors, without their families with them. Reaching a deep cooley or ravine near the fort, the main body of the Indians •were stationed on opposite aides of the de file, lying close to the ground so as not to be seen, while they sent a small number of their best riders on a dash up to near tlio post, where the Government horses and mules were loose, and stampeded them. The commander of the uost sent out about ninety men and officers io pursue the Indi ans and recover, if possible, the lost stock. The retiring small band of Indians went slow enough to encourage their pur suit, and led their pursuers Into the narrow defile. where hordes of demons waited to destroy them. Thg trap was successful in every particular. After tbc little command of troops had fair ly entered the deep canon, the Indians lining the sidhs of the mountain on either side, raised ucd fired a volley of arrows and bal lets, killing on the snot all but seventeen of the soldier- and every officer. These seven teen, though a number of them wounded, the Indians say, fought bravely, and killed some fifteen or twenty of their number— among them the three principal chiefs—be fore they were shot dowe. But there was one of the brave boys in blue whom neither their arrows or bullets would fell; though ho had numberless wounds, be stood up and fought hand to band till overwhelmed by their closing upon him, and carrying him off a prisoner to their camp, where he was finally tortured to death! Tho savages say, that aside from the force lining the fatal defile, they stationed COO of their picked young warriors near the post, so as to make bure of its capture in case the troops remaining within should be sent Out to the relief of tbeir comrades. But ibis was not done, although they could plainly hear the firing from the post. IVe presume this is as truthful an account as wc will ever be able to obtain concerning that most shocking wholesale butchery known in the annals of Western warfare. It is certainly the most reasonable version we have heard or read, and arc strongly inclined to believe it correct. The citizens of Gallatin, since tho terrible massacre at Fort Phil. Kearney , and other depredations in the region beyond them, have entertained considerable solicitude lest the savages might, upon the opening of spring, penetrate their settlements and lay them waste;and under this tear, we are in formed, several families will’, be removed to safer quarters as soon as the season will per mit. Tho leading citizens of Gallatin have com municated in person with several of the officers of the commands along tho Yellow Slone, upon tho strength of which wc arc enabled to make the following state ments : There aro now at Fort Phil.Kearncy, 1,500 efficient troops, of whom 500 are order ed to Fort SmltD, higher up oh the Yellow. Stone; while tho apprehensions of our Gal*‘ latlo neighbors are somewhat allayed by tbe assurance received that a military force would soon be established within thirty miles of their settlements on the nearest sources of the Yellow Stone. BeT»’Dr« Gregory* Jtcgc&t of the 111 not* ludufttrlal University, At a meeting of tho Board of Trustees of Kalamazoo (Michigan) College, on tho 12th instant, the resignation of Rev. Dr. J. M. Gregory was presented, and at a subsequent meeting reported a series of resolutions which were unanimously adopted. Dr. Gregory, as our readers know, comes to Ull uois to take charge of tho State Industrial University. The following Is the closing portion of his letter of resignation: “ it is with great pain that I have to com municate to you that tbe calls of duty now seem to demand the severance of my connec tion with yon and with this institution. * * There has come to me by an act of Provi dence, unsought and unexpected, a call from another State, of so grave and important a character, and accompanied by circumstan ces so marked and interesting, that after careful consideration it seems to me clearly my duty to accept it. I, therefore, now re spectfully tender my resignation and ask to bo released from further service here. “I snould he unjust tomy own feelings If, in offering this resignation, I should not ex press to the Board my profound regret in leaving their service and society, and my deep and heartfelt gratitude for the kind- , ness, the cordial support and the generous forbearance I have so uniformly experienced at tbelr hands. Mutual tolls and trials have so bedded these years in memory that they can never he forgotten, and my heart mast . cease to beat before it will cease to cherish for yon ail and for the institution under your care, ihc most earnest sympathy and re* garde. Though not permitted to partici pate in Its brighter fortunes which my eye secs in the nearing future. I sb&li rejoice in it from afar, and thank God for the grace with which He shall crown these years of prayer and work.” Further and Intcmilag Details or tlio Tragedy at Browustown, Indiana. Wo have already given pretty full details of the hanging of two men—John Talley and John Brooks—at Brownstown, Indiana, on Saturday, March 80, for the murder of Mrs. Maria Cutler. The following additional par ticulars will be read with interest. They are-contained In a letter to-the Cincinnati Gazette : Mrs. Maria Cutler lived, at the time of her murder, In a small log cabin near dear spring. She was about forty years old, light hair, and lair complexion. She was born in the State of Vermont, and was the wife of a lawyer who. after her mental derangement, abandoned her and came West. Some three or four years since, while she was travelling, as she said, in search of a husband, she acci dentally called at the house of Mr. William Hamilton, who lives by the roadside, not far from Clean»pring. Mr.llamilton’s wife at once recognized her as one of her acquaint onces when a young woman in Vermont. At the time she came to Mr. Hamilton s she had recovered from her insanity, and com menced teaching school, but before theses gioa had ended, her mind became so deranged that she liad to qnlt. 8110 hod been well educated, and was fluent In Tulnz refined lancnage. She hired a small LntVouUl, winter before last. In the woods, remote from any other dwelling, aad lived ol< ne, save the company of her cow *ai n t sheep, which she kept In ‘he hut with her night and day. These animals hod been con stantly kept In the, hnt. day and night, for several months! their food acd water having been carried by her to them, so that when she was found, the floor was covered with filth to the depth of one foot. She had a great aversion to receiving any gift without paying for It, and would never accept of any* thmg.unless a bargain was made as to the amount to be paid. She made her contracts to be paid In knitting socks, and never Jailed 11 comply promptly. _ Mrs. cutler had some gold coin and Ver mont currency, which she had brought from Vermont with her, which she kept in a belt around her person. The exact amount she bad when murdered is uqt kuown, but sup posed to have been about *l5O She was found lying in her bed on one Monday morning in December last. The weather being intensely cold, it was at first thought that she bad frozen to death. But an examination before the Coroner was had. and no doubts were aftcrward'bad but that she had been murdered. Finger prints about her neck showed that she had boon choked to death, and the money belt being gone in dicated that she had been robbed. THE LIQUOR QUESTION. ftlgfd Enforcement ol tire law la (mcbnseit* intense Excitement lb Boston—Apprehensions of a Serious Blot. {Boston* Correspondence (April 1) of the New York Herald.J The final struggle between the hotel pro prietors and the officers who have the man agement of the enforcement of the Prohibit ory Liquor Law is now close upon us. Slow ly, surely aud unrelenting the State consta bles are gradually squelching the whole liquor traffic of the State.. In the smaller cities and large country*towns, almost with out exception, the liquor dealers have been compelled to yield to the conditions of tbe law and close up their business. Those who defied the law, lor the reason that it is arbit rary and unconstitutional, have bad the pain ful satisfaction of having their property seized and emptied promiscuously into the street. A few such acts as these has, of course, had the effect to compel obedience to the law; and hence the diminution of bar-rooms. The business has been carried on more generally and up to a later period in Boston than elsewhere; but here, os in the country, it is now being reduced. The offi cers first began by suppressing the sale of liquor and spirits only, and having accom plished this pretty effectually (except at the hotels), they are now turning their attention to the public houses and ale and lager beer dealers. A few days ago all the suloop keepers In the city were notified that they must, on and after April 1, shut down ou cider, ole and laser beer, all ol which arc forbidden by the Pu ritan laws of the State. The Parker, Tre nront, Revcic, United States and ail the other hotels will close their bars at tbe same time, and If liquor is sent to guests in their rooms or furnished at the table they will bo punished Just the same and their whole stock seized and emptied into the streets. The enforcement of the law so rigorously is producing the most intense excitement in Bcston and in all parts ol the State; and there aie fearful anticipations that it may result in a riot, or at least a clash of clubs and pistols between tbe dealers and tbe State constables. The radical temperance men seem to have the field now, but there arc ferns that the dormant Indignation of the anti-total abstinence party will soon break out in most dangerous form. Tbe strife is regarded as one between sound conseivatlve men and old fogys and fanatics; and It docs nut speak well for tbe intelligence of the conservatives If they allow their rights to be infringed upon without at least a protest. The other .evening there was an old fash ioned Washingtonian meeting in Tremont Temple, which was addressed by a score or more of reformed drnnkards, all hopeful and jubilant at the great temperance millennial now approaching. In a business or commercial point of view, this movement will be the death of Boston. The railroads complain that there is a falling off’ of the travel iu this direction; the ho tels send up awoil at the general stagnation of business, and the merchants and jobbers ate grumbling at tbe hopelessstate of affairs. The threatened liquor famine which was to commence iu Boston to-day Is only par tially realized. Threats and preparations lor a riotous demonstration were so apparent during the latter part of last weak, that the officers who hud the enforcement of the liquor law in charge, promptly revoked an order requiring all the wholesale dealers to close, and the result bus been that, Instead ol hlcod and riot, wc have had peace and quietness. The. lager beer dealers are made to succumb to the law, however, *aud they and their patrons of Teutonic descent arc seriously demoralized. The wholesale dealers, acting upon the revoking of the or der requiring them to close, in many instan ces commenced tbe retail trade this morn ing, and in every case their stock was promptly seized and destroyed by tbe offi cials. with the exception of the bar-rooms * connected with tbe leading hotels, it may he safely said that every public retail liquoring establishment In the city is closed, and the shutting up of tbe wholesale dealers is only delayed for fear of a riotous demonstration. The bar-rooms of the hotels, too, would he cosed If It was not for the fact that there is good ground for believing that the proprie tors of the hotels wouldclose their houses to all trade. The suspension of the numerous drinking saloons has thrown some two or three thou sand people out of employment, and a largo number of those who used to patronize the bar-rooms at intervals have laid in large stocks, and in many cases have partaken so freely as to have been intoxicated for tuo first time In their lives. There is one case reported at the Chief of Police’s office to day ofa man who, unable to get bis regu'ar whiskey on Saturday evening, partook of pure alcohol to such an extern tnat he has since died. One of his companions, who also partook of the same destructive fluid, has been given up by the physician of the City Hospital. It may be briefly stated, In summing up the liquor situation, that the retail liquor and Iflgcr beer trade in Boston is eubstan tially suspended, and the only reason why the a bolesale traffic is permitted to go on is a fearful anticipation of a riot between the officers and the liquor dealers and their friends. GEB3IAIST. PlmcsMod in Cite North German Par liament on tbe Constitution—stela u«.iiswith Hftllaud anti ibe imcblcs of Luxembourg and Llmbecg* In the sitting of the North German Parlia ment on March 18th, tbo debate upon the paragraphs of the Constitution commenced. Un article one being brought forward for dis cufcsiOD, the Polish'members handed in the protest, of which they bad given notice, against the incorporation of the former Polish territory into the North German Con federation. Count Bismark spoke against the protect, which, be said, was directed not against the North German Confederation, but against the unity of Prussia, and ought, therefore, to be addressed to the Prussian Diet, and not to the North German Parliament. More* over, he said, the Polish deputies were not authorized by their electors to bring in such a protest, as a majority of the Prusso-Pollsh population were satisfied with their condi tion, especially the peasants, who had vali antly fought as Prussian soldiers against Denmark and Austria. Only the nobility and clergy of Poland carried on political agitation. Count Bismark proceeded to urove irom official reports that the clergy had threatened to refuse absolution to those 'who voted for German deputies. Upon the conclusion of Count Blsmark’s speech the deputies favorable to Denmark brought forward a protest against the incor poration of North Schleswig with the Con federation. Thereupon Count Bismark again rose and opposed this protest In a speech, in which he said: “The Emperor of Austria alone has the. right by virtue of the Austro-Prpssian Treaty, to re quire that a vote should be taken In North Schleswig to determine tbe future position of tbe notthem districts of ihat Duchy. It Is a matter oi small Importance for tho power of tbe Prussian Monarchy whether a few Scnteswigcrs wbo speak Banish belong to Prussia or Denmark. Tbe boundary line between tbe two countries will bo drawn in conformity with the interests of Prussia. We don’t Intend to nave to conqnerßappcl afresh, 'ibcporilos ofSchiesmc which will be ceded to Denmark will, at all events, be smaller than peo ple in Copenhagen imagine. and before tins ces sion is made an understanding is necessary with Anmlawithrefcrenceto certain financlil ques tions relating to the Duchies. Xne completion of tbe North German Confederation cannot wait for tbe settlement of these questions.’* Herr Schraps, the member for Dresden, then made a speech, in which he asked that the relations of Luxembourg and Llmbnrg should he clearly defined in the draught of the Constitution. Count Bismark, in reply stated that he was glad to have an opportunity to con tradict the rumors and calumnies spread by some newspapers' on that subject. Prussia had never threatened Holland. He said: • k Before the outbreak of the war brief negotia tions took place with Holland, because wc tboochi Luxembourg belonged to the enemies of Prussia. It was then mutually agreed between Prussia and Holland to abstain from all hostili ties. We have neither demanded nor laid stress upon the connection of Limburg and Luxembourg, nor can wc foice the sovereign of those Dncbtes to join the Northern German Confederation. Lim burg expressly desires not to join It, and Luxem bourg has no* expresesd any wish cither iu lavor of or acainst doing so. We shall put no pressure upon Holland iu that respect, since wc might oth erwise evo&ean Europcat^questlon.” A Revolting Cone of Cruelty* [From the New York Herald. April 2.] The following details* which have just come to light, exhibit In every feature a re fined system of exquisite torture that recalls the ages of pagan persecution. On Prince street. New York, there Is an asylum for or phans and destitute children, nndcr the care of the Sisters of Charity, where girls are maintained from childhood till they are able to fulfil a situation in life, and “do for themselves.” One little girl named Mary Ann Farrell, thirteen years old, was taken from this house on the Oth of May last by a Mr. Vanderbilt, residing In Pleasantvllle, abont six miles from Hackensack, to perform general housework. Some months after the new home began to prove uncomfortable for the girl, and she received very bad treat ment, which she could not disclose to any one being locked up if she desired to go out. The' poor creature was at times stripped naked, tied up by the wrists, and in this man ner she states positively was lashed with a whip by Mr. Vanderbilt till her tender flesh was completely mangled. Horrible as this may seem the torments to which she was subjected afterwards were more acute. Mrs. Vanderbilt, who had been a calm spectator of the bloody process, applied, according to the girl’s statement, what she understood to be a pickle dipped in salt, to the bleeding wounds, which Inflicted the .most intense agony. Last Wednesday the girl expected to be placed as usual on the rack, and watch ing an opportunity providentially vouchsafed to her, sue made her escape and took refuge for the night under the shade of some trees, where she was picked up in a prostrate and fainting condition. She then related the horrible details of the cruelties inflicted on her, which so aroused the indignation of the hearers that a resolution was formed to proceed to VanderbiU’a house and lynch him forthwith, “unshrlved and nnshroaded,” hut tne execution of the plan was frustrated by tbe Homan Catholic pastor of Hacken sack, who threatened to denounce the in dividuals crnnectcd with it. The girls statement is borne out to the letter by the revolting appearance she presenicd. Her head is covered w‘tb small lumps, her teeth displaced, the white ol the eyes hardly dis cernible, the face swollen and deformed, her lips split, and the remainder of her body one mass of scars. Her underclothing, which had not been changed for a long time, was thoroughly saturated with blood aad puru lent matter. She is now under medical treatment, but her condition U likely to be hopeless. She was handsome and interest lug and bore an excellent character In the asylum where she had been for eight years. Vanderbilt atd his wife were arrested by or der of Justice Breckel, and the case will come before the grand jury at Hackensack this morning. AN EXTRAORDINARY AFFAIR A Colored minuter Ploy, the Bole of Detective and Aire*t» Another Colored man on a Cnarge of Scdncilon—Xlie Seducer’s History—He Is CUargcd tvitil Seducing Three White Woman. [From the Rochester (N. Y.) Advertiser, March , Tbe fore part of last week, two colored citizens, one the Rev. Mr. James of Zion » Church, visited the Police Court, and there obtained from the Police Justice a warrant fer the arrest of a colored man named Charles Buck alias Frederick Bailey, on the charge of seducing Emily Dyer, a colored girl, on a promise of marriage. Buck had been In the employ of L. D. Ely, ofßrighton, but after causing the mischief complained of, he left bis employer and went to his home in Lewis County Thither the Rev. Mr. James was deputized to proceed and arrest him. James reached Copenhagen, Lewis Coun ty, on Saturday morning. In a few minutes be met the uncle of Back who told him that Charley was in Rochester—“he went there ten days agohut James believing the dar key lied, continued his search, ana meeting on honest colored man he was informed that Buck was in Copenhagen when the stage in which he, James, was a passenger drove up to the hotel; that Buck saw him and put hoots for the residence of his uncle, three miles distant from the village. Thither James went In company with two white men to nnd that his bird had flown to the pine woods about Harrisburg. Nothing daunted, James drove on nine miles further, and at 11 o'clock at night had the satisfaction of find ing his Charley In a log hut—the liveliest one of a party of colored people who had col lected to have a good lime. Buck was in formed by James of the rature of his busi ness. and cn being informed that it was of no sort of use for him to rebel, sensibly con cluded to come to Rochester quietly. The party got hack to Copenhagen about day light Sunday morning, and put up at a hotel, James keeping cuard over his prisoner. Morning and evening Buck was escorted to church by his captor, who marched him close to the pulpit, alter stationing two consta bles at the church duors to prevent his escape if he should attempt it. Tbe citizens of Copenhagen declared that Buck would escape from James before he got to Roches ter ; hut James took good care when travel ling on foot to baveßuck walk just ahead of biro, while he held his revolver in a position lor use if It became necessary. Occasionally he would remind Buck of his situation by saving to him, “Now, Charles, you see this pistol. You're a pretty hard case, and can whip any ten men, bat you cannot dodge bullets ; now don’t you attempt to run.” James arrived here last evenieg with his prisoner and lodged him In the Station House. He will have an examination to-day. Back is a genteel, muscular looking negro. He says that he mav make up his mind to Emily Dyer after he has had an opportunity to investigate her condition —which is an un fortunate one for an unmarried woman. Charles Is a little suspicious that Emily has had more than one lover, but uer friends con tend that up to the time of her falling a vic tim to Charles' blandishments, she was [as chaste as the driven snow, and that she has not tolerated the advanccscf any other man, black or white; in fact, that she is of a modest, unassuming disposition, and keenly feels the position in which she Is—caused by “loving not wisely hot too well.” The Rev. Mr. James informs us that he heard had stories about Buck while in Lewis County. It is there reported that he was the indirect cause of the death of a white man— a prominent farmer of that county. His death was brought about In this way; Buck was in his employ as a farm hand, and in an evil hour he seduced his employer’s daugh ters—three of them—and the father, cults coming to his knowledge, became insane, and was removed to tbe Asylum at Utica, where he died only a month or two after his admittance. He Is calculated to deceive col ored women, hnt until the Rev. Mr. James narrated to ns what we have just stated, we did not suppose that he was possessed of sufficient charms to accomplish the seduc tion of white women. Back was brought before Justiceßryan this morning, when he signified his willingness to marry Emily, and she appeared to favor the proposition, hut her giandfather objected. Buck was then committed lor farther exam ination to-morrow. freemasonry. The masons nnd tlio Fails Exhibition^ The following circular has been Issued by the Master Mason of the Grand Orient de France: Grand Oiosxt ue Fbance, Supreme Council ) rou France and the French Possessions, > Paris. Maich I. IStiT. } To the Foreign Masonic Power?, the Lodges placed nndor their direction, and the Lodges conrspoEiliag with tbo Grand Orient do France; Vrnv Dfati Buetuuek; The Grand Orient of France whl ibis year celebrate the summer sol stice by a feet hoi ar.da osequet, to take place on tbclStnof June nest. Att&at lltne the Master Mat-one, or renrcstntaUvea from all ibe lodges cor>c? with the Grand Orient of Prance, nil hold a general ate; tubly iu Paris, as it is ex pected (bat. (be Icicrna’U'Twi Exhibition wil'bring to fiat city from all qnor'ers uf the globe a large nuc.ber of F;teaiasoo>. 'Hie Grand Orient of France sees in this exceptional circum stance a fivoraole opportnnitj of strength ening (be tics which unite the scat tered members of Ihc Masonic tam tiy, and it tblr.ks that along.-lde of the (estival of u outtrj tt would be well in celebrate tbat of the brotherhood- iltherelotelnvPes Freemasons of eveiv order to co-operate who it In giving to this festival a universal character. Such a meeting of men f<em ail pat*3 of the world, speaking differ* eut lanming* e, of different manners aad custom?, but animated with the same sentiment—the scnli cHtt ot brotherhood—will, in t«nlb, bo a very im poiipg spcciaclt. 1 Lave not the slightest doubt, very dear brethren, that this Idea of lbs Grand Orient of France wilt, be appreciated, and that Freemasons will come forward and respond to this appeal. The greater their gathering, the more numerous will be the links of the cbala nhich binds them log-lhcr, and tnemore brilliant will tbelr festival be. I pray you, very dear biclhicn, to make this commuolcutlon as public as po.pible. Accept the assurances of my esteem and Internal affection. Meluket, Grand Master of the Masonic Order In France. The following general instructions are at tached to the circular; The proceedings in connection with the festival will‘commence at two o’clock, and the banquet at halt-past six. Subscriptions, which have "been fixed at twenty traocs (rixteen shillings), to be sent to the Secretariat dn Grand Orient da France, rue Cadet 10, a Paris. These sub scriptions will be received up till May 1 for the lodges of the Continent and Algeria, and May 15 lor oil other lodges. This is necesio ry in order to allow those who have charge of toe arrangements to know bow many sub scribers may be expected- Ordinary evening dress Is deriguatr. N. B.—One of the halls of the Grand Orient will be placed at the dis posal of foreign Masons while the Exhibition continues, and every possible means will be taken to afford information to those brethren who may require it/ A STARTLING EXHIBIT. The Abortion Traffic la New York. [From the New York Tribnnfi, March 30.) Yesterday afternoon .Coroner Wildey, President of the Board of Coroners, and-Mr. Schultz. President of tbe Board of Health, had an interview at the lotter-namcd gentle man’s business office. The topic of discus sion—which was not intended to be private— was, of course, the recent differences be tween the Coroners and the Registrar of Records. The Sanitary Superintendent, said Hr. Schultz, has knowledge of more than thirty houses in this city wherein tbe solo business transacted is tbe procuring of abortions. In tbe days of the old City In spector nobody Interfered with the whole sale abortionists, bat after the organization of the Bureau of Vital Statistics, the under takers wcreco longer able to make inter ments without proper certificates, and the frequency of application for burial for de ceased Infants at certain booses led to start ling discoveries. Pour deaths of infants having been reported In one house la a sin gle dav, Registrar Harris ordered anlnvesti gation, and the Inspectors found the man sion fall of young and middle-aged women from all parts of the country, all either for advanced in pregnancy or suffering from op erations which had but recently been per formed. Here are the rules of the boose as posted in every lodging-room; “1. Ladies entering this Institution for confinement arc not allowed below the par lor stairs. “2. No visitors, male or female, allowed in the rooms. “3 Each occupaqt is expected to keep her room in erder, excepting when disabled by sickness; such notice to be sent to the Madame. “4. All persons leaving children at this Institution can have no further claim upon them, and must never trouble tbe Madame for said children as to their w hereabout.” It is against the existence of such institu tions as this, said President Schultz, ttat the Board of Health seeks to strike, aud if tbe Board’s officers can prevent tne abortionists from making New Y'ork a lying-in asylum for other cities, and for the country, they cun materially reduce our death rate. Diplomatic Pressing* [From (he New York Tribune, April 2.] Congress has decided, very properly, that onr representatives abroad sball not go to Court in the dress.of a glorified clrcua-rlder, with small swords* liable to get between their legs and prostrate them in the very presence ot anointed royalty. Of this determination, we have already spoken briefly but approv ingly ; but we beg leave to recur to the sub ject, because upon examination we bave found that Congress reserves the right to prescribe a uniform; and as Congress is never easy unless it Is doing something, we fear that at the first leisure moment of the next session a Joint Special Committee on Coats and Breeches will be raised. Now, tailoring is one of the fine arts ; and we are morally certain that if any attempt shall he made to invent, arrange and determine a costume for the poor ambassadors, their last state will be worse than their first. It is not Impossi ble that even Mr. Lentze upon to design|thc gala raiment; and from his hands we leave the connoisseurs to decide what a Joseph’s coat of tnanv colors, or wbat oriental, mediaeval, American-Xndlan, or Thespian cloth conglomerations, may be exnccted. Who does not remember how tbe lamented Burton, arrayed as a mummy, would get out of his sarcophagus, and, stalk tag do£n to the footlights, drolly exdata : be damned If! am not ashamed of my r(n yve can Imagine the unfortunate plenipotentiaries smiling their offlclaUhtahs with wrath and making a like mortifying confusion in the hearing of the giggling for- however, to the subject again, that we may bint to allconecred that, If a Urery is to be fixed upon, so it la the accept ed time for fixing it and for fetching It into fashion We have bad painful occasion late ly to point out to the country that too many of Its foreign representatives are not made of the stlffest stuff in the world ; and we ore not prepared to den; that tbera oro some of them flunkic- In heart, and soul, and speech, who might be turned with the utmost pro priety Into flunkies In costume. The men who morally made baste to prostrate them selves at the feet or the President would wear blazing small-clothes, yellow waiit ccats. sky blue coats, green stockings, and a drum-major's cap, if commanded by Mr. Johnson, the man of their rev erence, and by Mr. Seward, the man of their love, to swathe their cringing shoulders and their kuce crookiog legs in such rainbow toggery, or to crown their noble brows with the hair skin and the cock-tall of their office. If diplomatic uniforms are to come in. these arc tbe men, if men they may be called, to temper tbe first rcsb of ridicule, and to make the sight of their wortber successors Just a little less ludicrous. But we icslst upon it that this is Mr. Johnson's business, atd not tbe business of Congress. Those who kiss bis feet for favors should be willing to wear his colors ; and it should be for him to say by what form of dress he will dbtiu pubh bis servants. For seme of them pres ently sack-cloth atd ashes will be the only wear; but while they continue his thrice, humble servitors, let him array them like Solomon in all Lis glory, If so His Excellency pleases. It*markable com of Ah»tltxence from Pood—A man Hals Nothing lurTnir ly-two Day*. (From tbe Dayton (0.) Journal. April 3.] A good deal has been said about a case of voluntary starvation, as is alleged, now in progress here. The reports were that an old man, by command of *• the spirits,” had re fused to eat another mouthtul of food, and had gradually wasted away until he had reached tbe verge of thegrave. For the pur pose of getting some insight Into this case . of voluntary starvation we called yesterday at the residence of the starving man, Mr. B. M. Brown, on the southeast cornerof Wilkin. sonandTVater streets. The relation of the details of this -remarkable case of ab stinence from loot! was simple and affecting. Wc learned from the wife of Mr. Brown—a plain, simple-minded, and, to ail appearances, a truthful woman—that on tbe flSth of February her husband assisted her in carrying in a load of coal. He was taken with a chili soon after ward, and went to bed exhausted. Tuat night he ate a Itttc piece of toast soaked in tea—since which time, she averred, he hud not taken a particle of nourishment of any kind. Yesterday was the thirty-second day of the continuance of this total abstinence fiom food. He has taken a little water two or three times a day. Mr. Brown is eighty-four years old, and was quite fleshy when be ceased eating. He is now reduced to a mere skeleton. He is cheerful and says be is entirely happy, and anxious for the change, which he says must soon come. As to the report that be had set about starving himself at the command of the “spirits.” ho says it is not true. The reason for his absti nence is simply a want of aopetite. He de clares that he has not for more than thirty days had any de:irc for food—that he could not swallow it if nature craved such sup port. The case Is a very remarkable one. and, should he investigated by the medical men. The testimony in favor of the long absti nence appears to he reliable. Tbe wife of Mr. B. disclaims most positively any con nection with a scheme to deceive the people, by giving nourishment or stimulants iu se cret, and pretending that some supernatural power sustains her husband in his protracted lasting. Tlie Official Priming-. The "Washington Chronicle , in nn article showing the excellent organization of the Committee on Printing, of which Senator Anthony and Representative Addison N. Latlin arc the chairmen, says: 4 * We make no invidious compai ison when we say that in point of economy in expenditure, and ot accomplishing reforms in the Government printing, it bus surpassed all the committees which have gone before it. Let us give an illustration. Heretofore the purchasing of paper has been done by contract under superintendence 'of the printer, and no bids were accepted for less than 20,000 reams. .This prevented small manufacturers from bidding for tbo contract, and virtually created a mouop-ly in favor of the large dealers, who of course bad the advantage of fixing upon a price to suit themsflves. Daring the last ses sion of the Thirty-ninth Congress, Mr. LaUin introduced' a resolution in the House placing the matter un der the control of the Joint Committee on Printing, where It properly belongs. The committee inaugurated a new regime, under which the contract for the purchase of paper is thrown open to competition. Instead ofa man being compelled to bid lor £O.OOO reams, bids are now received and -considered for 1,000 and upward. There arc more resolutions of this character offered in and passed by the House than the Senate, ard in this matter as well as in that relating to paper, Mr. Latlin has shown himself peculiarly fitted for his position. Let us illustrate again : A mem ber offers a resolution lor the printing of tuo hundred and fifty thousand copies of some report. The matter is referred to the Com mittee on Printing, and Mr. Latlin reports in favor of printing only twenty thouxjud. In this way it is estimated that not less than $500,000 have been saved to the Government during the Thirty-ninth Congress. Frightful "Accident and .nlracnlon* tfneapr, (From the Rochester (N. V.) American, April 1.1 About eight o’clock Saturday evening the Fire Department was called out in con?c qucncc of the burnibg of a small barn on German street, in the Eighth Ward, near the Rapids. In returning,' Steamer No. 2 at tempted to crops Sophia street bridge over the cauai,and had gut about one-third of the way across, when', without the slightest warning, owe of the sections gave wxy be neath the engine, and it, together with tlio horses, engineer and driver, a« d a boy who ■ was riding on the fuel box with the engineer, was precipitated into the cutul, or rather uponthc low deck of ascow boat Ktichlay beneath the bridge. The eslaMi.-hmeat turned a halt somersault backward—the ce&iue go- Ing down first, rear end foremost, and land ing on the deck ofthe&cow, wheels upward. The horses were thrown over it and fell back downward into an opening about three feet wide, betweeu the boat and tbe low path wall of the canal. The brains of one of them were dashed out agaL-st Hie-all, and the poor animal was killed instantly, of coutse. The hoy, a l&d of sixteen years, named Franklin, fell into the canal on the other side of the boat and lay insensible for a short lime, in the mud.’ It is fortunate for him that the water was drawn off a day or two previously. He was not seriously hurt. The enuiueerwas so stunned and confused that he Is unable to give a clear account of his adventures. He too escaped with a lew contusion? and no broken bones. The driver, who was m his seat when the bridge broke down, found him self beneath the ergine. between the smoke stack and the air chamber, which saved him. from being crushed to death. He was aide to cr&wl from beneath the wreck. A Child Strangled by Its Father* [From ibe Dta Moines (lows) Register.) We learned yesterday tbe particulars of a most revolting act of internal cruelty, per petrated at Sandyviile, in Warren Coanty,by a father upon bis own child—an act which a devil would blush to commit. The man’s name is Reeves, and the act was committed on the cold Tuesday night which every omlyt remembers with a shudder. Tbe man has. been married for eighteen or twenty months, and the little one which he strangled to death was only four or five months old- II? had always positively refused to permit the child to he taken into tbe bed with him aud his wife, but compelled her to put it in a cradle by the bedside. On tbe cold night referred to, the little out* kept np a constant crying, and Itr mother insisted and finally did take it In the bed with her. Tbe next morniug the child was found to be dead, and it was at first thought that it had been smothered U . death; but suspicion finally deepened into s' belief that it met its Cite at tbe hands of itr demonic parent; and a coroner’s inquest he Ingheld, the jury returned a verdict “that the child came to its death by strangula tion.” The throat of the little one showed in death tbe terrible finger-prints of the un feeling hand that crushed its young lile out The man was arrested and taken to Indian ola for examination, but we understand the trial was postponed for a week or two, tc allow him to prepare himself, or procure witnesses, or on some other pretext. General Joseph £. Johnston on tin Battle.or 801 l Ban. [From the Ntw York Times, April i] General Joseph E. Johnston, of the lat< Ccnlederatc army, publishes in the Seim; (Ala.)Go2eUe a letter ol five columns, defend ing himself and Stonewall Jackson again: imputations contained In J. £:ten Cooke’t Lile of the latter, and correcting sundry errors In Its report of events at and after lb* first battle of Bull Rnn. He says that th* reason why the Fedeial army was not pur sued after that battle by tbe vlctorion Confederate cavalry, was that the cav. airy (cf which they had bat a amal force) was driven back by the strain rear guard of the United State army, and that it would have been uttc medness-to rush upon the fortifications, o; the Virginia side of the Potomac, which wen strong and heavily armed, especially us river a mile wide would have still inter vened between them and the Capital, wbici they had no means of crossing. Genera Johnston says the victory of Bud Run save< the Conlederacy, which was all it cotib reasonably have been expected to dc Most of the rebel troops regarded it as d<.’ elding the whole question and ending to war, and thousands of them left the arm. and went home. The Union army, lie say: was “less disorganized by defeat than th Confederate army by its triumph.” Th letter is a valuable contribution to the mil tary history of the war, but has little la mediate general interest. The Labor Qncstion la the nasiachn tetu LesL**latorf. [Boston ’‘"’York Herald.! The matter of the hours of labor, whic has been eo long agitated in Massachusett by both'men and women, promises now t receive some decisive legislation. Alter series of hearings, extending over a period c a mentb, and a week's debate in the Lowe Honse, a eort'of ten hour billhas been pas-* In that body. It Is chiefly for the protectio of children employed in manufacturin': v: tabTisbments, and, as it is likely to become law, the adult working portion of the c-a machy take encouragement, and hope to s< cure their rights in another year. The bil In brief, provides that no person under fil'uc Sears shall be employed in any manufaclin ig establishment mere than, ten hours an twenty minutes la anyone day, or more tlu sixty hours in one week; that any owne agent, superintendent or overseer who shi'- knowingly employ or permit to be emplove any poison nnder fifteen yeers of ago for. greater length of time than is provided • the preceding section, shall for each oilenc forfeit the sum of SSO; that It shall bo tt, duty efthe constable of the Commonweal! to specially detail one of his deputies, wit such additional force as may bo necessar. to see that the provisions of this act, ana * other laws regulating the employment • children or minors In manufacturing estab lishments, are complied with, and to pros cute offences against the same, and he s&a report annually to the Governor all procce* inga under this act.