Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate, March 14, 1867, Page 1

Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate dated March 14, 1867 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

FHE DEMOCRATIC ADVOCATE. Lm u. -mMßui i. I KIMUTIC AVtUMTE. Ix. Mfiii/ ftMfor rtHit Proprietor, || Ko. Halu L Advocate U publUbrd every ■ISOAY XOUNIN’II. Mid ftimOhml Lcribenat m per Annum, In 4Utm*e. I paid in advance Two Dollar* will hr ■d. Ho paper will bo discontinue! until Lnju are paid, except at our own Lvtb* op advertising. ■re, % in.ic:.ioiM, sl, car.U auliaeqiienl Baa 2) taoU, 1 aquara lliree month* I, x months SO. Ilitaincss Card* of lines, or last, par annum, SB. Mar mu and other businciM men, including i • m*-- Owfenrtß nf eoluran. per rer, SIVOO lUirmlama, JVOO Oat “ 40.00 • * n.%* mt.Ls, isdi of a Shnel, fur S'), for 100 no. tartar Short, for 2 >, Jit’, for 100, Si") tIfSW- “ 3.V1. " .VQO ASTROLOGY. The World Astonished t m tamnrn. aaTEioriiixt MARE RT TIV OREAT ARTBOUHHST, MUit n. A. PCRRIUO. She reveals Mmta no mortal over know. ie restores to happiness thour who, from Isfol event*, catastrophes, crosses in lore, w frelations and friends. loss of money. . have become despondent. She brings tether thoM long separated. five* infor- 1 Hion concerning absent friends or lovers •tore* lost or stolen property, tell* yon r burioess ton are !*cel qualified to pursue din what yon wilt be most Micccnsful, s*e* speedy marriages and tell* you the ty day jrou wiß marrv, give* you the ■e, lihic stand characteristics of the per d. She read* foar very thoughts, and by r almost super natural power* unveils the rk and hidden mysteries of the future on the wa we see in the firmament - the klehc stars that overcome or predominate the confi* ration from the aspects and ; tiM of the planet- and the fixed stars the heavens at the time of birth, she de ces the future destiny of roan. Fail not consult the greatest Astrologut ou earth costs you Iml a iri#. and yon may never un have so favorable an opportunity.— nmluuon fee. with lihwnev* and all do ed information, sl. FWdie* living at n *anc* can consult the Madame by mail ik equal safety and satisfaction to them , mlf in person. A full and explicit wt, written mil, with all inquiries an wed ghdMMMil enclosed, soul by mail recdptcif price above mentioned. The ictrst sccrcsy will ms maintained, and all j Tcspopdenqi returned or destroyed. lerrnccs of thn highest order furnished; •* desiring thorn. Write plainly the ilnv fK month and roar In which you w ere mail lurk uflui(r. Mia U. ,\. I’Kllßlfif), rro?Wi,K,! *, n.1*.!.., y. v. Hdoor and Factory. T* SHAKITKII, of the Bail mad. have 1 lanilfoclurc to onicr ri saury to n Building. Rjiiimne. 7 style and variety, snaghod groat experience in our bud -4 SgUshcd n laying we can sell htgreater advantage then can ALii Ai*lrne<(OTn to the sick. I ‘can be cared.* [ VMMTMpI ‘can he eared.* \ v " ' *aa be cared.* J OOWHH'XII ‘caa be eared.' L jiTEL’P OF ‘ran be cared.' *caa be cared.’ f*wa* Caesar ‘caa be cured.* 'can be cured.* WW“"! WTO* TA.b.cd.- •wepwr ‘can be cared.' WW REMEDY. can be cared.' AsSlMaa, Bronchitis, Nervous Debit jjjtiSJsy n. sways f. a s, n .. 3W- REESE, WMmtMlir. ! S^arn g*’ Wyf- TETTER' *r. 0.M1M.1. TETTER' TRTTRH' ' RETEU KIIOWS TETTER !■•■**> TWIT W lAu, TO TAIL TETTER •TETTER- IE CURING Tins -TETTER ■ , TETTER’ TOTMEXTINU TETTER ■ .. oowSaHT. tetter* lUeMegCHAK *li RReem, SciM Head, )fW •? W B*° BWAYNE* SON, fcflkr WM. REESE, WfUtlrr. WESTMINSTER MD. THURSDAY MARCH 14 I HOT NEW COAL AND L VMH K R y A It n. Harass® OUKBN STItKBT. ATTHK OKPOT trgsmiKSTKR, v/>. I H AVISO perfect e.l emmgewtnts for , carrjing uu the l.iiniher tiitl foul llnnliir)ii, I on Orwn street, at the Depot, Westminster. U(Lf the undersigned ukoa this method o( 1 soliciting the patronage of the public. He will have on hand, and be prepared to sell at all times at the lowest cash price®, a full fiupply of seasoned 4-1,5-4, ami M Boards ami Plank, * Mooring, Woullierboanliug, Siding ami r Scan!ling. Shingles, Laths and Pickets, and all other material kept in a 1 Lumber 7ard. , Ho will also keen for sale Broken, Egg, , Nut ami Pes 0()\L, from the well known , Skemokin Mines, at tho lowest .Market Kates. By prompt attention to business, furnish 1 inf the Iwsi articles in the Market, and doing i all in his power to accommodate customers, I he hopes to command a share of public | | patronage. EDWAIU* LYNCH. 1 febl'tjr LOOK HERE! LOOK HERE!! ; IJI HR undersigned. having completed their * NEW FOUNDRY A MACHINE BUOPB. 1 near the It. U. Sutiun, in Weal min tier, would ■ reap rifnllv inform tlu public that they are I now prepared to famUli, Stove*, ksmilh ; To iron*, Tire Bender*, II •How Anvil*. Ac., I Uakroven door* and ib a; lb Plate*. Cellar Wln- I dow Orate*. Porch Po*t Iron*, and ( aUng in ; general, Corn and Cob Croaker*, Corn .shelter*, i ' tlrcle Saw* with ben• be* cuumlrte for tawing Hr* wood, Ac. Home Powtri and Tlirc.Hlilnp: .Mat liiiacti, ('uiiing lio.ee* and Plough* of different kind*; but would call |Uienl.ir attention to their Justly celebrated Three llor* • I’longh common ' V called the ••price Plough. " Also their well known and unanrpaaaed L It AI \ 1) RII, L for row log all manner of litaln, iuctudiog Oau. all kind* attended topiouipl- . Iy and at liberal rate*. Having Hr*l claaa Mechaulcka eiu|doyel f will 1 guarantee *ali*faclion. WAUO.VER a MATTHEWS, I or. 29.—Cut. FeethExtracted Without Pain, 1 BY THE I*SK OF THE Minors o\im: cats, by Dr. C lltlKJiK* RIUJY^SKiEi, /> kxris r, * AT in 8 OFFI cK, Adjoining hie Fallicr’a Residence, Md. \V r IIEKE lie may Ik found at all limes 1 tt when nut prufiv -tonally engaged nt the following point* : t T nio,i liriiljr. I*l Wednesday of every month, remaining until Saturday. .'c.t M imhor. ~ Ibid vVedm**day of every _ month, —remaining until Saturday. ' I’itiontotr*.' —drd Wednesday even month. | remaining until Friday evening. I TunryfuirH -;Jd Frida* every month,re I maining until the Wednesday follow ing. dec7*ly. nppl NOTICE. r\^|g'Valclies, Clocks, ■I Jewely,: SILVER PLATED WARE, i ft'KCTAt.'LKS, 1 81I.VKU, COLT), PI.ATED4 STKKL WATCH CHAINS, i AT MOORE’S J ewelry Store, Near Kail Koad, Westminster. BEiuWatcheM, Chicks, and Jowelty, care folly Repaired and warranted. WILLIAM MOORE. •lone 14. 3*LV (fioectssor to Hrutn ft Koran.) No. a Carroll flail, Westminster, I • na.\i.aa ix , 08VG.% CUK.VIV U.ii. rJ rr.vr mkuicixks, I KAXCr AKTtrr.KS, VKIeKV.VKII 1' ,tr. ’ PHYSICIANS’ nU&atII’TIOKS neall, and accurately compounded. I Depot for the manufacture of ‘ iTEJtIXCi'S Cnwpouiul Syrvp nf Jllack ' benf *toiA. ■ no3o-tf BOOTS & SHOES. TEST receive*! and fop sale a fresh and ’ M ot Philadelphia wu J heat Custom Mode Wt BOOTS AND SUCKS, • V 1 V* rt °t Ladies’ , I olish ImJ Morwi,,, ),„iiu K , Oil Cl out, , *e., Ac., all o| which will ho uld at graoilv reduced;..; * ■ - . . . T. S. kckkkt. - ho doon Werrt of *m. Rhnner Mlll,nry Store, Wretmin lor, Md. dec'iO SIOO SIOO SIOO SOLDI BUS KXTRA DOUNTIKS COLLECrEU uv A. 1). SUJIAKKFEU, Vi'relminster, Md. SIOO SIOO SIOO 6EMUM W. SELL!VAX, fonstabel, fienmU Cilector, and City Bailiff, TJTHX Mt.nd promptly to all bis official VV dulire ~ IWreMilit, and fttiliff, and I f Callarttoo °fl# claiiqa placed in bin • He oiay he feaodat all lime*, except when . •hoent on bueiaeM, at Cook’a National Ho- I tel, at the Railroad, Wntailnkter Md. dec.‘T3iu In Prrsenlui Our t'nion, 1.0 l i' bf tnrrful (a Prewrre nl<o Oar Civil I.lbrrflr TOR THE L’XIORTUSATE. BELL S SPECIFIC REMEDIES Are warranted in all cnx*. for the Spaedy ami Permaaeat Cure of all dUcaaea ariaing from aannal oveeaaaa nr YOUTHFUL TVUIbCRCTIOJf. Seminal Txh*. Iflghtlvr Emiwlon*, and Bcnual l>r. u*; o** ilI, Phv.deal and Mtrrona Do blllly, Imputenr*, Ole Vt. Sexual Diecauea, A*. Yo ibnogr ol’Dlct U Rcfcuary. They can bo uaed without d. tertlou, and never fall t i-ffeti n ear*, if need according la lo* Klructiuaa. BeU’s Specific PiUa, I*ri# One Dollar per Boxi or Mx Hoar* fur Flv* Dollar*; also l<arge Hoxe*. containing Pour Small. Price Three Dollarn. From four to *ix hoxvs are goncrallv requir ed to eire ordlnarr en*e* of Seminal Weakneo and Emi**ion*. though benefit U derived from uaing a aingb- box. In t’hroute cae*. and lurtievilarly when potcnce or tirtiital Oebllitv with N’Jrvoaa Pros tration ha* afT-clcd the ay*ten, Bell’s Tonic Pills Am t t-rommended a* the moat Ethcacioua, Be- Javlaating and Invigorauog Kuwedy in the world. A Package, prim Flra Dollar*, will last a month, and hi generally auf&cieuU In extreme cajr* of Debilitr and Impotence HELL’S EXTERNAL REMEDY, Price Two Dollars, -u(lietent for a month, can Im* u*ed to good advantage. Tt elves Strength to the Organ*, and, with the rill*, will restore them to their normal condition. A Pamphlet of 100 pages, on the ERRORS OK YOUTH, design- tl a* a Lecture and Caution to Young Mun, sent free, Ton Ceuta required to pay postage. CAUTION! The shore Remedies have now been before the Public many rear*, and their great *ucee* in the alleviation of bnman miaary . has excited the cupidity of *rrera| parties, who u*c the name •‘Specific Pill*.' ropy my label*, circu lars and adrerlUemcnta. Mnnetimes word for word, and pul up worthless mm pound* that j disappoint the Just expectation* of the purchaser If yon eannoi pnrrhaau Bai.t.’s Krtcimr Rrm i mu if your Druggut, take no other, but send I the inoiicv direct to ls. JAMES RRYA*. C'onaalting Phrsiriaa, hi# Broadway, .New York, and you will receire them by return of mail, post paid, and free front observation. More Valuable than (ioltl! Bryan’s Life Pills fCßtpy rut: ithooi), Ren.ove ll* adachc, DizaincM. Oiddines* l>row *lne*. L'upU-asanl Dream*. Dimness uf hight. Indigestion. Clean*<■ the rfloui aeh and llowi-l*. Insure NEW LIFE iu the dcbiUtaiod, and | A’m/iji * (A* SiiM tu Pet/*t JlmuHk. , Purely Vegetable, j Try them ! they onlr cu*l U.i cents, sod if you | cannot gel llmmii of > our Dr"ggi>l. send 'the money to D. JANF.R HHY AN. Consnltittg Physician. • 819 Broadway, New York, i And Uiey ill be teat by return mail, post paid. . WVNT j -*TO LADIES. If you require a reliable remedy to restore yon, and remove Irregularities or’ Ohstruclioa*, WHY NOT UflK TUB BEST? Every Lady know (he •liK'hh**! irregularity of notuie i* liable to brio*; on HcadatTie. (lid dine**. Low Kpirit- Fali-fing. ll>*terirt, Ae. ; then (hi* bloom of health lath *. the a ;>petite fail*, and other svmptoir* more dl>treslng com* i mencc, as - Weakness, Spbml Complaint, the 1 White*. Prolapsus, Ae. Ac. A XEVER-FAILIXO REMEDY will bo found in j Dr. Ifarpryt Female I*ili i. I The experience of thirty vear* has proved they ; have no equal for Removing Obstruction* anrl Inegularitie*. uo matter from u hat cause they arise. Thev are Safe and Save in every exit. Upward* o(.'0,000 Bute* aro sold azmuallv. anti n-> complaint of their snicaqy i* ever heard. CoMhey accomplish n hat they are ripiusvuUd Md in Boxes, WKMtap AWy Ffik Prvoc One Dollar. Dr. Harvey'* Go.iJen P*IU Is a reinedv four decrees stroogfr than the above, and Intended fbr special coada of long standing. Price Yjpo Dollars per Box. A PRIVATE CIRCULAR to Ladies, with fine Anatomical Engraving*, seal free on receipt of directed envelope and stamp. Heud for DR.. iUKVKY'B PRi VATB MKDI CAL ADA'ISEn, addreeicd u> Femaleti—o4 nag*** —givingfhllinstruction*and information, 10 ecnU requited for postage. If yon cannot purchase the Pill* of your Druggist, they will bo seal by wall, jMtmmid, oecnrs from oloorvaUun. on receipt 0 f the money, by Da. JAMES BRYAN. _ . ronsnhing Physician, July 12-1 y. m Broadway. Now York. Dr. Bryan’s Medicines JHave on hand fir pale tbp (uilowing val. •blnMutliciiiw.fkUak..sk #rwMrUKMI in r. J. hrtak’s adwruauttout u* tuo “I>cA. Advocalo,” Hr. Bell’s Sutsnfic Pills, Hr. Harvey’s Fomale Pills, Hr. limit's L4fe Ptlls. Hr. U , other medicine eut> albo bopro ewrod through Ute umforwgivcd when nvqmr tv Aai. UUBEK. , .K, tf Vngziit. Westminster, MtL, "xXCKtiiORrFxTK LHiOH i I ? CHASTELLAd'S Hair Exterminator U tog BMMO VfXPfVfißßfiepea o**a nluioal IndiopMiiltila orticlf lo fofntlr rai,tr K -Hy .prfi-d.a0.,, „o tewTSjSl •km, bun act. HirreHy mrtha rmrtj*. It i warren*.*! rjrmwt flaow hair Oom ln fort-hrei)., or Iron mi, (uHmf lire kodv. complfU-lv, totallxaad r - -■iralitL thu mime U-ajiu* ilm .Uu ul!. aawj.li and natnra!. Tin, is the only arlivto used bv Um Frencli, and is the onlr real cOhctaal deoil. *or, in existence- Price 7!*elfts Mr M-C, sent postpaid, to (in, add ram, on receipt of an order, her -.v.re r- BKKOKH, smnTSft Co., Ghoatuta, jbblt l, 2W River fit. Ire,. Si Y. ' t>* , UJlrr Receimritdoa Hill—Thp PrnKciit'a Veto— ol Hit* Presidrwt of the lulled State*, Hrlvralef to the House of Hrprrsenta tlree a Hill Ratine* Aa et to Provide lor the Mare !■- cleat Goiernmcel of the Rebel Slalm.” To lie Ilnur of Htyrncolnh'vtt; I harp examined the hill “to provide for the more efficient government oflhe Rebel Staten" with the enr* end anxie ty which ita transcendent importance ia calculated to awaken. I am unable to ■ r>e it my avaunt for reoauna an grave that I hope a statement of them may have aonie influence on the minda of the patriotic and enlightened men with whom the deoiaiaa at net ultimately teat. The hill places all the people of the : ten Stales therein named under the absolute domination of military rulers; and the preaaihla undertakee to give the renaon upon which the measure is baaed, and the ground upon which it it justi fied. It declares that there exists in those States no legs) governments. and n adequate for life or pro perty, end eeeurte the necessity of en- I loreing peace and good order within their limits. Is this true as matter of fact I It is not denied that the States In r|acation bare each of them an actual government, with all the powers, execu tive. judicial, end legislative, which properly belong to n free Slate, They ; are organised like the other Slates of | the I mon. and, like them, they make, administer and execute the laws which concern their domestic affairs. An ex isting ilr fur In government, exercising such functions as these, is itself the law of the State upon til matters with in its jurisdiction. Tn pronounce the sunn-mu law making power of an estab lished State illegal, ia to say that law ’ itself is unlawful. The provisions which these govern i “'cut* have made for the preservation of order, the suppression of crime, and the redress of private injures, nro iu substance aud principle the name as those whirli prevail in the Northern ■States, and in other civilised countries They certainly have not succeeded in preventing the cuitiuiiaaiun of all crime, nnr has this been accomplished any where iu the world. There, as well aa elsewhere, offenders somcliiueii escape lor want of vignmns prosecution, and occasionally, perhaps, by the inefficien cy of courts or the prejudice" of jurors. It is undoubtedly true that these cvlla havo been much increased and aggra vated. North ami South, by the dcnior alliin" influences of civil war, and by the rancorous passions which the eon ’ost has engendered. But that theec people tre maintaining local govern, mctim for themselves which habitually 1 defeat the objects of all government, | and render their own lives and proper J ty insecure, is in itself utterly ttnproba ble, and the averment of the hill to that effect is not supported by any evidence I which has come to my knowledge. All the information I have nn tho subject j convinces me tint lire masses cf the Southern people, and those who control , their ptiMieVis, while they entertain i diverse opinions ou i|nes(ions of Fede rai policy, are completely united iu tho , I effort to roorgnnixe their society on the basis of pence, and to restore their mu i tmil prosperity as rapidly and us com- U plelely ns their circumstances will per i mil, Tho bill, however, would seem to II show upon its face that the establish ment of pears and good order is not its real object. The fifth section declares

I that the preceding sections shall ceaae - tisoperste in any State where certain j ' evunta shall have happened. These . events are—First, the selection of dclc- Kates to a State Convention by an elec , k*m> at which negroes shall be allowed to vote. Second, the formation of a Stale Constitution by the Convention so chosen. Third, tho insertion into - the State Constitution of a provision wliK.li will secure the right of voting at all .elections to negroes, and to such 5 white men na may not be disfranchised f for rebellion or felony. Fourth, the , submission of tho Constitution fur rali l ficutinn to negroes and while men not - disfranchised, mid its actual ratification by their vole. Fifth, the submission ■ of tho State Constitution to Congress ; lor examination and approval, aud tbe actual appniv.il of it by that body Sixth, the adoption Of a certain amend ment to the Federal Cnnsumtlun by a . vote of tho legislature under the new constitution Seventh, the , adoption ol said- amendment by a suffi. i eient number of other States to'make it a part oft he Constitution of the United Staten. All these conditions must be fulfilled before tho people of any of these Stales can be relieved from the bondage of military domination; bat ■ whan Mmy are fulfilled, than immediate •y Ika-paiua and peoaKjua ol the bill are to cease, no iiiatiai whether there bo-peaeu and 'order or not, sad without say rofcrenec to the security oflfft or *** * k bil in gill) prcainhlu ia admitted by the ski itecll nut to bo leal. The military rule which it jeatabliahos is plainly to be used; not for any purpose of order or fur the prevention of crime, but solely at moans of cacreing the people iota unrlcuiabN* right to excreiso their own . jitdgtnra.iaieiw *<■* ■ a4> olWft’l I submit, to. (ioqgiw, .wbeahar this Without authority, ia palpable conflict wtlh the plaint*! prove,torti' if the Con stitiition, and uttdWy destructive to thoao groat principles of liberty and bn . inanity for which our suecaton on both sides of tbs Atiantio bare shed ao much blood and expended ao much treasure. The ten Staten named in the bill are divided into five districts. For each district aa officer of tho army, nut be low the rank of brigadier general, ia to be appointed to rnle over the people; end no fa to be supported with in effi eiant military force to enable him to perform his duties and enforce his au thority. Those duties and that author ily, as defined by the third taHion of the bill, are, “to protect all persons in their rlghle of person and property, to r suppress insurrection, disorder, and vi ; olenoe. aud to punish or esuse to be punished all dietnrbers of tho public pusoo or criminals." The power thus given to tbe commanding officer over ; ell the people of each district ia that of ao absolute monarch ilia mere will is ; to taka the place of all law. The law of the Stales is now the only rule applica ble to tho subject! placed under hie control, end that is completely displaced [ by tbe cleuee which declares all inter taraoee of State authority to be null and void. He alone ia permitted to do | termine what ere rights of person or j properly, and he may protect them in each way ea in hie discretion may seem proper. It places at hia free disposal . all the lends and goods in his district 1 aud he may distribute them without let | or hindrance to whom he pleseee. Bo ! '°K bound by no Stale law. and there . being no other lew to regulate tbe sub ject, he may make n criminal code of J his own; sad he can make it aa bloody a any recorded in history, or be can re serve the privilege of acting upon tbe ; impulse of his private passions in each case that arises. He bound by no ■ mice of evidence; there ie indeed no provision by which ho ia authorised or required to take any evidence at all.— Kverything ie e crime which he chooses to cell eo, and ell peisonsare condemned whom he pronnuucce to be guilty. He I >c uot bound to keep any record, or i make any report of his proceedings.— | He may arrest his victims wherever he i finds them, without warrant,accusation, or proof of probable cause. If be gives ! them a trial before he inflicts the pun ishment he gives it of his grace and mercy, uot because he is commanded so i to do. To a casual reader of the bill, it might I seem that some kind of trial was secur ed by it to persons accused ol crime ; but such is not the cose. The officer | “may allow local civil tribunals to try offitoders,” bat of coarse this duos nut require that he shall do so. If any State or Federal court presumes to ex ercise ita legal jurisdiction by the trial , ol a malefactor without bis special per , mission, he cau break it up and punish ; the judges tud jurors as being them selves malefactors. He can save his ' Irieoda from justice aud drepoil his enemies contrary to justice. ! . 1 is lo provided that “he shall have I | power to orgjtiixc military commissions , I or tribunals;" hut this power he is uot ■ I commanded to exorcise It is merely ' , permissive, and is to bo used only “when , | in hia judgment it may be accessary for | the trial of offenders ” Keen if the , sentence of a commission were made s 1 , prerequisite to tbe punishment of a j . party, it would he scarcely the slightest check upon the officer, who has authu rily to organ iso It us he plcsscs, pre scribe its mode of proceeding, appoint iu members from among his own sub , ordinates, and revise nil ita decisions. Instead of mitigating tho harshness of , his single rule, such a tribunal would , he used much more probably to divide the rerponsibility of making it more i cruel and unjust. Several provisions, dicUlod by the . humanity of Cougrum, have boon inser . led in tho bill, apparently to restrain | the power of the commanding office;; i Hut it seems to me that they tre of no i avail for that purpose. Tbit fourth tee , thm provides : First, That trials shall not bo unnecessarily delayed; bat 1 [ think I have shown that tho power is given to punish without trial, and if so, this provision is practically inoperative. s Second. Cruel or unusual punishment ' is not to bo inlicted ; but who it to do- 1 1 aids what is erne) aud what is unusual? I The words have acquired a legal Ulcu i in" by long use in the courts. Can it i *•* expected that military officers will understand or follow a rule expressed . in language ao purely toshnical, and not pertaining in the least degree to their i pn fcnion * If not, then each officer may define cruelty according to hit own i.tamper, aud if it notasual, he will make lilt usual. Corporal punishment, impri- ! aonuient. the gag, tho ball and chain, | and the almost' insupportable forms of torture invented for military punish moot, lie within tbs range of choice , Third. Tho sentence of a commission not to bo executed without being ap proved by tho oomuiaudcr, if it affecis lifo or Hberty, and a sentence of death ' must bo approved by tho President —1 This applies to eases in which the,, boa 1 boon a trial and teuton eo. I take it to hu oiear, under this bill, that the mill tury commander may Mnifemn to death without even the form of a trial by a military anrarato*, to that tho lito of the ooadoatuod ray depend upon th* will of two men, instead of owe R is plain that tbe authority here Hire* 10 tho military officer amounts to abtalute danpotiam But, to tuskc it •Mil more uuUnduratla, the hill provides that it may bo delegated toes many sab Ordinates uhe disuses to appoint; for it£/eelans that he shall“punish or imuso to ha punished." Such a power has no( bra wielded by any monarch in bnglaod for aora thaw fire hundred yuan. !■ all th .t tiaaa ae people who Speak the Kagliah language have borne | Huch servitude. It reduce* the whole ( population of the ten pilar-* —all per- | aooa, of every color, box, and condition, and every atranpor within their Hiuita— to the moat abject and degrading slavery. , No matter ever had a control so abac lute over hit slave a thin bill gives to the military officers over both white and colored persona. It may hu answered to thia. that the officer* of tbo army urc too inugnaui' i wwun, jnat, and humane to ojiprc** nnd ■ tremolo upon a subjugated people. 1 do not doubt that army officers are as i Well entitled to this kind of confidence i as any other data of men. But the history of the world hae been written i in vain, If it does not teach us that uu- I i eat rained iiolhority can never bo safely trotted in human hands. It ia almost ! sure to be more or le*e abused under any circumstance**, end it has always resulted in groes tyranny where the ru- i len who exercise it arc strangers to their subjects, and como among them * a a the representatives of a distant pow er, and more especially when the power that sends them is unfriendly. Govern ments closely resembling that here pro posed have been fairly tried is Hungary and Poland, and the suffering endured by those people roused the sympathies of the entire world. It was tried in ' Ireland, and, though tempered at first by principles of Koglirh law. it gave birth to cruelties so atrocious that they are never recounted without just iudig- j nation. The French Convention armed I its deputies with this power, and sent I them to the southern departments of i the Republic. The massacre*, murders, i and other atrocities which they com mitted show what the passions of the I ablest men in the m<*st civilised society I will tempt them to do when wholly uu -1 restrained by law. The men of our race in every age ' have struggled to tie up (he hands of j their governments and keep them within 1 the law; because their own experience I of nil mankind taught them that rulers ! could not bo relied on to concede those rights which they were not legally bound to respect. The head of a great empire I has sometimes governed it with a mild and paternal sway; but the kindness of i an irresponsible deputy never yields whnl the law docs not extort from him. Between such a master and the people I subjected to his domination there ean j be nothing but enmity; he punishes ; them if (hey resist hia authority; and if they submit to it, he halos them fur { their servility. I come now to a question which is, if possible, still more important. Have wo the power to OMtablthh and carry into execution a measure like this? I an swer. certainly not, if wo derive our au thority from the Coiintitutiou, and if wc are bound by the limitatious which it imposes. This proposition is perfectly clear; 1 that no branch of the Federal Govern ment-executive, legislative, or judicial ( —can have any ju>t powers, except i those which it derives through and ex ercises under the organic law of the Union. Outside of the Constitution, i we have no legal authority wore than i private citizens, and within it wc have j only hi much ns that internment gives ua. This broad principle limits oil our I functions, and applies to all subjects.— It protects not only the eitixensof States which urc within the Union, but it shields every human being who comes or U brought under our jurisdiction.— Wc have no right to do in one place more than in another that which the Coufetitution says wc shall not do nt ill. If, therefore, the Southern Htates were in truth out of the Union, wo omihi not treat their people in away which tho fundamental law forbids. Some person;* assume that the success of our arms in crushing the opposition that was made in some of the States to the execution of the Federal laws, re duced these Slates nnd all their people —the innocent as well as the guilty—-to the condition of vassalage, und gave ns a power over them which the Constitu tion docs not bestow, or define, or limit. No fallacy can be more transparent than this. Our victories subjected the in surgents to legal obedience, not to the yoke of an arbitrary despotism. When' an absolute sovereign reduces his rebel lious subjects, he may deal with them according to his pleasure, because he 1 had that power before. But when a ' limited monarch puts down an iusur- j recti..n, ho must still govern according ! to law. Jf an* insurrection should toko 1 place in one of our States against thuau- 1 thority of the State government, and 1 and in the overthrowing of those who | planned it, would it tutu away the rights j lof oil the people of the eauniien whore - it Wan fororod by ■ part or a mnjoritvof ( the population ? CouM they, %r such a reoouu. hu wholly outlawed and de prived of their repnwentaiion in the Legislature ? 1 hero always contended that the Government of the United States wae sovereign within ite consti tutional sphere ; that -it executed its iawe, like the .States themselves, by ap. plying in coercive-power directly to in dividuals ; and that it could put down insurrection with the same eflhot at a Slate, and no other. Tho opposite doc trine ia tbo worst heresy of those who advocated accession, aiol r.iouot bo spread to without admitting that Itcresy to be right. Invasion, insurrection, rebellion, and domestic rlolcilcc were anticipated when the Goveroajflot was framed, and tho means of ropcUitigandsupprcs.Hiqg thorn were wisely provided the C’ouati. lotton ; but It was not tb might aeceesa rv to declare that the Slates in which they might occur should be expelled from the Union. Rebellions, which •are invariably suppressed occurred prior to that out of which these qttes TERNH-91.60 IIADTAIVCE 1 burns grow ; but tint Stales eoutiuued i to exist, aud the 1 oiuu remained tit i broken, in Massachusetts, in Penn j sylvunia, in Khodo Island, aud in New i k oik, at different periods in our history, violent and armed opposition to the I tilled Stales was earned on; but tbo relations of those Stales to the Pedal. 1 ; Government were uotsupposed tube iu lennptcd or changed thereby, after tbo , rebellious portions of their population i note defeated aud put down. It iatruo that in Ibeso earlier cesee there was nu I formal expressiuu of a determination to I withdraw front the Union, but it is also true that iu the Southern Statco tbo or- - t dinaticea of seccaeiou were treated by I alt the friends ol the Union as mere 1 nullities, and are now acknowledged to 'beso by tbe States themselves. If we ■ ada.it that they had any force or valid!- t.V. or that they did to fact take the .States in w hich they were passed out of j the Union, wc sweep from under our feet all the grounds upon which wo stand in justifying tbe use of Pcdorat force to maintain the integrity of tbo Oorerninent. This ia a bill passed by Congress in time of peace. There is uot iu any one of Ihe States brought under ita opera tion cither war or insurrection. Tho laws of the States and of ihs Federal flovemmeut are ail in undisturbed and liaruioniuus operation. The courts, State aud Federal, are open, aud iu the full I exercise of their proper authority. Over i every State comprised in these five 1 military districts, life, liberty, aud pro perty are aeeured by Slate laws and i Federal laws, and the National Consti tution is everywhere iu force, and ever; - I where obeyed. What, then, ia the ‘ e round on which this hill proceeds * — The title of tbe hill announces that it ia i intended "fur the more efficient govern- I moot” of these ten States. It ia recited I byway of preamble that no legal State governments, - nor adequate protection fur life or property," exist in these ’ Estates, and that peace aud good order I should be thus enforced. Tbe first thing which arrests attention open these reci tals, which prepare tbe way for martial law, is thia—that the only foundation 1 upon which martial law cau exist under our form of government is not stated or so much as pretended. Actual war, | foreign mission, domestic insurrection' I —uuue of these appear, and none of these in fact exist. It is not even re . cited that suy sort of war or iosorrec : tioa is threatened, bet us pause here to consider, opou this question cf aou stitut ions) la w aud the power afOoncErMS, ' a reccut decision of the Ciupreutu Court i 1 of the United States ex parte Milligan; I will first quote front tbe opinion of 1 the niajority of tbe court: "Martial law cannot arise from a threatened invasion. The necessity must be actual and preo- I cot, the invasion real, such as effectual ly closes I lie courts aud deposea the civil administration." Wo see that I : martial law comes in only when actual war closes the courts and deposes tbo I civil authority ; lot tbit bill, iu time of t , peace, makes martial law operate so 1 though wc were in actual war, nnd be come tho ctsusr, instead of the come/ - • jo-tree of tho abrogation of civil aulbo t rity. One more (jactation : -Jlfollows ’ 1 f rom what has been said on this subject - ; that there arc occasions when martial law can be properly applied. If in for t sign invasion or civil war the courts i | arc actually deposed, and it is impossi - hie to administer criminal justice accor -1 ding to law, them, on tbe theatre of ne -1 tire military operations, where war real ' ly prevails, there is a necessity to fur ' : nisb a.ubslitato for tbociril authority, thus overthrown, to preserve the safety 1 of the army and society; sod us no pun - ■ er is left but tho military, ibis allowed i ! to govern by martial role until tho laws , i can have their free course." ) J I JOW quote from the opinion of the • minority ol* the court, delivered by 11 Chief Justice Chase : "We by no tneinw 1 j assent that Congress can establish and 1 ! *PPb’ the laws of war here no war boa ■ ixwo declared or existrf Where pence I exista tho laws of peace must prevail.” i Thia ia sufficiently explicit. I‘eaoe cr - iats iu all the territory to which this bill nppliea. It asaerts a power in Ora- I ! gross, in time of peace, to set aside the laws of war. The minority, conenriog ; | with the majority, declare* that Con i’press docs not qteescss that powet. I I Again, and. if possible, more ontphati ■ j oally, the Chief Justice, with remsrkn ; I bio clear oust, and condensation, aunts iI up the whole matter as follows ; ' > "There arc under tbe Constitution ! three kinds of military jurisdiction 1 ‘ one to bo exercised both in peace and I **f i another to be exercised in line of ; foreign tsgr without the boundaries of ihc United States, or in time of rebel lion and ciril War within State* or dis tricts occupied by rebels treated os bel ligerents; and a third to bo exercised in tiiiir of invasion or insurrection wilbiu a tho limits ofjltc United Stalls, or dur ing rebellion within the limit* of the Slats* mninUiiuing adhesion In tile Na tional (ioveruraent, trhen tint public danger requires its exercise. 'llia drat of those may he called jurisdiction un der the Military Law, and is found tw act* of Congress prescribing rules aud articles nfwtar, or otherwise providing for the govmeat of the national force; the second may be distinguished * a* Military U'-vtroln-.nl, superseding, aa far as may bo deemed expedient, the local law. aud cxcrcliied by the milftHM commander under the direction of (tm President, with tho exproui or Implied •auction of Congress; while the third may be denon i istcd Martial Law Prop er, and 5* culled into action by Congress or temporarily, when the xetion of Con gress cannot Lc invited and iu the case of justifying or excusing peril, by tho President ia limes of insurrection or hi-