Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate, April 5, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate dated April 5, 1873 Page 1
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m 2 PER ANNUM I sorinj. "I'nradue and the Htgri." SYRIA. lip MY THOMAS MOOIC. How, upon Syria's land of routs the light of eve reponß, like a glory, the hroad nun over tainted Lebanon H<(> head in wintry grandeur tower*, whiten* with eternal gleet, summer, in a vale of flower*. K sleeping rosy at his feet. who looked from upper air ■r all the enchanted regions there, beauteous must have been the glow, life, how sparkling below ! ardent, shining streams, with ranks den melons on their banks. Kp golden where the sunlight falls lizards, glittering on the walls shrines, busy and bright ■ they were all alive with light; Hd. yet more splendid, numerous (lock* settling on the rucks, Hth their rich restless wings, that gleam | in the crimson beam Hthe warm west.—as if inlaid brilliants from the mine, or made tearless rainbow*, such as span unclouded skies of Peristan I Hd then, the mingling sounds that come, j H shephenl’s ancient reed, with hum H the wild been of Palestine^ ■ Banqueting through the flowery valesl ■ml, Jordan, those sweet banks of thine. And woods. sofiill <>f nightingales I [ popular J alro. THE DIVORCED. • He'll go to the dogs now." ■ Of course ho will." -11 v all moans. Only see how he acteil cn his wife lived with him! Now that s left him, and all restraint removed. : II go the rest of the downward way in time. I’oor Nettie. I wonder tliat she I ini t so long.” • I'll give him just one year to be j ied." 1 Pshaw ! half that time will finish him! ' Well, I pity him too ; hut 1 pity her re. He haa brought misery on both." ! Inch waa the gossip of half a dolen vil- 1 ;rs. who stood in front of one of the ' u'ipsl stores one summer evening while subject of their remarks went stagger- 1 •lung on the other side, t was evident he was trying to walk ! light, and not appear intoxicated, but' h endeavors seem to make a drunken > walk mure crooked. Well, it proved thing, that he was nut yet lost to all Be of shame—that be stilt retained a le pride, and a lingering aversion to ag ridiculed and despised, dot Harry Uodgcrs had carried on at s rful rate fur a year or two past He 1 just one vice—drink—but that was ugh. He bad married a worthy far t's daughter, Nettie Kay. only a few n previously, and such bad been his duct during more than a year past that , seeing no hope of his reform, had been iged to cut him loose to pursue his eer alone, and a separation bad been ■cted. It was sad. indeed, but no other use seemed to be left her. Harry s home was on a little farm, a lie from town He owned it, but then was heavily mortgaged, anil in another nr foreclosure wss certain. It was nut kely his creditors would spare him when e mads no effort to meet his obligations ad spent his lime in riotous and disgrace tl conduct. A week passed after that summer eve ling on which nil had agreed in predicting >is early ruin—two weeks —throe weeks— i month What strange myatery is here? To the utter bewilderment of the propheey ng sages, Harry discontinued visiting the •vent, and was rarely ever seen in the illage. When he did come into the store le speedily transacted hi. business uni hen went home —sober. But wonders never cease when they get; Hail He was next reported as actually I work ou his farm. Had but one man i *n this, and told it in the village, he ; uuld have been marked as a man lacking incity ; but a uutuber of ladies saw it and U it. and their combined testimony was urthy f all credence. The little farm began to took healthier i the summer wore on. The fences nighteued up, the weeds disappeared, e corn grew marvelously, the briers and ilers were routed up from the fields and nee rows, the animals looked sleeker and ippier. and the cottage looked neater. Time wore on and the great change waa • Bore strangely remarkable every day. creditors called and told him they nut he hard on him, and he might ive his own time about paying his debts id clearing the mortgage on his farm. The fall came, and the farm yielded an siadaner of golden corn and fruits, such nup. indeed, as it never produced be <* , and Harry found himself beginning i drift along with n tide of prusjierity And Nettie Kay had begun to live her Ming girlhood over ngnin, an it were, on er her father's roof, but, somehow, it was ot like the joyous girlhood of memory. lii sober and quiet now, and Nettie B into trains of musing ; every now and Bn there passed through her mind a cer •in thought—she was neither maid nor ife. She avoided the vicinity of her late Mae, nor had she once seen Harry since H separation, but she bad heard of him **■ Still this change brought her but a ••lancholy satisfaction. The reform had Bc too late—too late I There was s tiM gulf between them now. But, .me eveuiug in the golden October, lettie found herself rather obliged to pass ‘•tty's farm. It lay between her father's house and the village, but she had hereto fore taken a round-about road in going to and from the village. On the evening in V*ion. however, she had been detained ■ the village unconsciously until it was dark, and she determined to haiard The room waa as neat as when she had ••reelf watched over it. A cheerful fire *a> burning in the grate, although it was Mt cold; and n lighted lamp stood J*™ table. It was there Harry was sit -7*l'. How her heart bounded ss she *yt sight of him! He held in his "P* hand a book from his scanty library "•a recognised it at once ; but be was y reading now. He had allowed it to **?' *Bk its open {age* looking to the y*og—-tn4 his face was supported half fyooled in the left hand, the elbow rest- S*o Ae table. Was he asleep, or was ••rened la a sad reverie? Nettie thought **“ A* latter was the case, and her heart •“toadied **h I bad borne with him.' she |J* i moment later her heart was 2*7*“ when she saw a tear roll down his sad upon the book. The lonely y •*• “ot asleep—he was crying .7** could not help it. All that was 2****J in her heart was aroused, snd the door in a moment. No —she burst into the sitting room *aa at his side £1)? Smorratir AiUumttr. | "Oh, Harry 1" i Her voice quivered with emotion. ‘ Why, Nettie I” he exclaimed, trying to hide his tears—men arc ashamed of them— ‘-a it you “Yea, Harry,” holding her face in her hands, I was passing—l looked in, saw you sitting here so lonely, nnd could not help coming in I thought of the time wc *re happy here, and—" Then her own womanly tears could he repressed no longer. There was no use trying to hide them. Besides, her voice broke down and she could say no more just theu. “Nettie," be arose and took both hands from her face and held them in his own, •‘1 thought you had blotted me out of vour memory.” J ‘■No, no, Harry, she sobbed. “I could not do that, 1 could not help leaving you; nn ! l° v,n ß ? uu than ever, till, 1 have been so unhappy !" “Nettie, you have heard that I—’’ 1 l Ve *. 1 J“ v ® ~ear<l ‘Bat you have j changed That you do not drink any i “ or, i—that you are again manly and in -1 dustnous as you used to le; but how lone- I ly you must be here? " and tears gushed forth snew, as her heart felt what her lips j spoke. 1 | “Yes, I'm lonely, Nettie—more so than I you may think ; but I deserve this punish i ment fur the way I have acted. I had no j discontentments; had nothing to make me jdo so. It was only passion fur drink, that llt seemed impossible f or me to overcome. : Uu were all a wife should be or could he. ! " ,le, ‘ ) ou left me, I thought I should be | come more reckless than ever. Only a J day or two after I had heard you had left j nie for good, I was in town drunk, and j heard some village people—they thought i * c <iuldn t bear them across the street— passing all sorts of remarks about mo, say j mg now 1 was a doomed man certain ; that my destruction was near, j ‘‘Although intoxicated it startled me, and for the first time I felt the full force of the separation and realized that ruin | stared me in the face 1 had a bottle in my pocket at the time, and when I went I out of town I smashed it, and bathed my I lace in a clear stream of water at the road side, and revolved never to touch whiskey again. I had tried it long enough to know ! 1 oould not drink and he temperate. | It was hard to keep my resolve for the ; “ rat week or two, hut I stood it, and soon my taste for drink disappeared. I care I nothing for it now, and would not touch it ! if it run in streams. Now, Nettie, if you j love mo as well as ever—and God knows [ that I love you the same, let us get mar ried over again, and the hitter experience of the past two years will always enhance our happiness. Nettie, dear, what do you say?" She could not answer, she was crying as if her heart would break, and her head was pillowed upon his breast. It was a more eloquent "Yes" than she could have spoken with the longue. The moon was rising, and it bad never looked so happy as it did while he walked home with Nettie to her father s home. So Harry Rodgers and Nettie Hay were married again, and there's no divorce that could separate them now. Tobacco Hurtful. Violent tre tines are caused by tobacco, j The trembling, which is one of the usual symptoms of acute, is also a common re sult of chronic nicotism. A very distin guished physician had hands which shook so much that he could not write. When ever he remained without tobacco for any length of time, these tremblings disap peared. Another case mentioned by Blatin is noteworthy. A man of forty-five years consulted him respecting violent and nu merous attack* of vertigo. YVhcn he felt one of them approaching, he was obliged to lie down wherever he might be. in order to avoid falling. In the country, where he had plenty of exercise, they were less frequent than in the town, whore his occu pation was sedentary. Cessation from to , bacco and a tonic regimen quickly restored ' him. A physician of fifty-two was afflicted with similar disagreeable symptoms, aud was also cured by abstinence. Habit had become so strong that he oould not resist at times the temptation to slight indul ; gencc. Finding that these returns to to bacco were immediately followed by his .; old [painful attacks, he renounced it for ! eW The Cow Tree. II “Among the many curious phenomena which presented themselves to mo in the i course of my travels," says Humboldt, “I 1 confess there were few by which my imag ination was so {uwerfully affected as by the cow-tree. On the parched side of a rock i on the mountain of Venezuela, grows a tree ' with dry aud leathery foliage, its largo woody roots scarcely penetrating into the 1 ground. For several months in the year 1 ; its leaves arc nut moistened by a shower; I its branches hxik as if they were dead and i withered ; but when the trunk Is bored, a bland and nourishing milk flows from it. r It is at sunrise that the vegetable fountain flows most freely. At that time the blacks 1 aud natives are seen coming from all parts ! provided with large bowls to receive the j milk, which grows yellow and thickens at I its surface. Some empty their vessels on ‘ | the spot, while others carry them to their r children One imagines lie sees the fam l ily of a shepherd who is distributing the milk of his flock." J The Fever Tree. 1 lu a late number of the Gazetta Medina 1 dt Bahia is an interesting account of the 1 Kucavptlus Globulus, an immense tree in troduced into various provinces of Bruxil ' from Australia, and called, as in Spain, the 1 fever tree, from its “msrvelous result* in * the treatment of intermittent fevers,'' The tree is colossal, sometimes attaining a height ' i of 300 feet, and a diametiror of 30 feet. 1 All parts are aromatic, less so in the trunk I and hark, more so in the small roota, flowers * j and leaves It is a Comparatively new | medicine, and is given internally for inter- I I mittenl fever, in doses of from one to four e I drachms of the powdered leaves—twice ’ during the intermissions —or in infusions 1 (two drachma in four ounces of bailing wa ter!, morning snd evening. Aqueous and f alcoholic extracts, in dose* from two to * eight grains, are also used lor the same s disease. * Time wean slipper* of list, and hi* J tread is noiseless. The days come softly dawning, one after another; they creep ' in at the window; their fresh morning ? 1 air is grateful to the lips that part to it; * I their music is sweet to the ear. that lis -1 rente it; until, before -e know it a whole life of days has possession of th. ' citadel, and time has token us for its own, * Hnw TO Olr —Doitatoncc. Never . wait to be told s second time. Do just ' what vou are told to do. Do not try to . have vour own way. even w part Do it j Lawfully Do not go about it in a surly, -l avish way. Don't fret, and grurn a back. Only cheerful obedi ene’e can be pi**? ml D,an WESTMINSTER, MD. SATURDAY, APRIL 5, 1873. (Olio, H —■ Mutilated Motet in the Treatnry De r partment. 1 Farther ou we come to the room devoted to the counting of the mutilated money receipts by expreaa. an average of one hundred package* i* received each day by ■ mail. The money so received i* in much ' worse condition than that which comes by | express, for the reason that currency which is mutilated is redeemable only by the Treasurer, aud usually comes in small ‘ amounts by mail; while the various ussist ’ ant treasurers, depositaries, and depositary banks are agents for the redemption of currency merely soiled and defaced, which i forwarded by them to the Treasurer by express. The money received by mail comes in all sorts of damaged conditions, and has all imaginable kinds of horrible or ludicrous histories. Sometimes it has been swallowed by a calf or a goat, which finding a pocket-book carelessly left within its reach, proceeded to regale itself with the salt which the leather had absorbed from the perspiration, until the book was 1 forced open aud the contents exposed. The green notes hud an inviting and famil iar appearance, and the confiding animal eagerly swallowed them and so sealed his | own death-warrant ; for the owner, return ing and seeing the wreck of the pocket book, rightly conjectured where his money had disappeared, put the unwitting thief to death and recovered the half-digested notes. Others have been found on the bodies of drowned or murdered men, weeks perchance after their death. Fre quently they have been so burned that nothing remains but the charred resemb lance of notes, so frail and brittle that a slight touch will change them to cinders. Sometimes a note is sent which some drunken fool, lord for the hour of untold riches, to show his disregard for money, has used to light his cigar, but which upon the return of reason, he has hastened to send to the Treasurer, with an humble and penitent request that it he exchanged for a new note with which to pay for food and lodging. Or it may be that it is one which a termagant wife haa thrown into the fire to spite her hen-pecked male, who has rescued it before it was entirely de voured by the flames; or one that some luxurious mouse has stolen from the money-drawer and used to line his nest. Once a poor Frenchman sent a handful of minute fragments of notes, with the state ment that they had “met with the accident of a little dog. Our Fenian friends are prone to put lighted pipes in the same pockets in which they curry money. The conseoucncc is that the Treasurer receives for redemption a great many greenbacks with round holes burnt through them here and there, and looking for ail the world like bullet-riddled ensigns of the Irish Republic. Some stories are so frequently repeated as to excite grave doubts of their entire truthfulness. For instance, a note which is so badly damaged as to call for a severe stretch of the rules in order to make it worth anything, is pretty sure to be said to belong to a poor, hard-working widow with an astonishing number of children, for whom the writer, in the fullness of his charitable heart, has for | warded it for redemption. All these notes, so variously mutilated, must be restored as nearly as may be to their original shapes before their value can be definitely ascertained. Here again the skillful fingers of women are called into requisition. Home of the women employed in this work have, by long experience, become exceedingly expert in pasting and restoring notes, h ragments which are so burned as to seem to others only charred pieces of paper, or so minute as to be al most indistinguishable, under their patient hands again assume the semblance of notes, so that their kinds and denominations can be readily distinguished. Notes which have been nibbled by mice into such tiny fragments that most persons would say tliat it was beyoud human jmwer to restore them to their original shapes, are arranged and restored bit by bit, until after perhaps a labor of days they begin to assume their funner forms, and at lust are restored with sufficient perfection to warrant their re demption. These ladies have made an art in which they have no rivals. It would require years to educate others to the same degree of skill aud knowledge, and it would be difficult to estimate the embarrass ment which their loss would entail ou the Department. —From “An Hour Among the Greenback 9" an illuttrated article in Scribner's fir April. Office Seeking. Some years ago a young man presented himself to the then United States Secretary Corwin, for a clerkship. Thrice was he refused, and still he made a fourth effort. His perseverance and spirit of determina tion awakened a friendly interest in his welfare, and the Secretary advised him in the strongest possible terms, to abandon his purpose and go to the West, if he could do no better outside the departments. “My young friend," he said, “go to the Northwest, buy ItiO acres of Government laud, or, if you have not the money to purchase, squat on it; get you an ax and u mattock ; put up a log eabiu for a habita tion, and plant a little corn and potatoes; keep your conscience clear and live like u free man ; your own master with no one to | give you orders, and without depcndunce upon anybody. Do that and you will be come honored, respected, influential nnd rich. But accept a clerkship here, and you sink at once all independence, your energies become relaxed and you are un fitted in a few years for any other and more independent position. 1 may give you a place to-day and I can kick you out to morrow, and there's another man over at the White House who can kick mo out, and the people by-and-by can kick him out, and so we go. But if you own an acre of land, it is your kingdom, and your cabin is your easlle—you arc a sovereign and you will feel it in every throbbing of your heart, and every day of your life would assure me of your thanks for having thus advised you." It is more than one hundred years since the Spaniards settled in .New Mexico and introduced the practice of terrace irrigation. In the valley of San Antonia, Western Texas, the same system of watering land was commenced lu 1718, and perfected in 1740, or 133 years ago. Preston, the his torian, describes, or rather notices, irriga ting canals in Mexico 500 miles in length, constructed by the unknown or more eiv iliaed people of this continent, who pre coded the Indians found by Columbus. Our industrial development has not reach ed the point of digging canals 500 miles long to manure c3tvated and impover ished fields; but we are rapidly hastening to that necessary work. A Good Obiiknt.—Mix and boil iin seed oil and quicklime together until they ! become very thick. Pour out and make into rolls or cakes; when ypu wish to use, ! j heat and melt. This will make a cement 1 j hold very strongly against; ' heart or moisture. Hints About Hair. • The present fashion of arranging ladies' ■ hair with the profusion of ornamental k ; coils, puff's, and frieses, is exceedingly detrimental to the natural growth of that 1 “crowning glory. The head is overheat ed with false hair, and the weight of the , coiffure, which comes upon one sjait on the 1 top or ?rown id' the head, drags the hair ■ out and causes the round bald spot so fro * quently seen when ladies are cn dishabille. ' the large number of huirpius necessary to fasten the ornamental hair in a manner to L | K* lve It u natural effect arc also injuri ous to the scalp, breaking off the hair ' where they are pushed in, and often get ting tangled in its meshes, so when with t drawn each one will have a snarl attached. in the fashionable mode of hairdressing, t the natural growth is an insignificant part, sometimes more in the way than otherwise, for all the show it makes in the groat r pyramid that is heaped up in such luxuri * ilioo; it is, therefore, neglected and left in 1 a most cureless condition. None would 1 ever suppose that long hairs were the J growth of years, observing how, in many instances, they are tangled and ruthlessly s pulled out. Unless women have a large * coil of natural hair they ignore it entirely, j and strive to hide what little they possess by rolling it in u small knot on the back s of their heads, to bo covered by the false switches. The state of the majority of ' ladies' hair at the present time is truly la -1 mentable. The front locks are broken and J burnt off with crimping and curling with hot irons. The bald spot on top is fast wid “ ening its circle ; the scalpy head, which is > ‘‘never seen,” is left undisturbed from shampooing, and the hair, which should 1 be silky from brushing and free from snarls, receives no attention save the rough hand -1 ling necessary to tuck it out of sight. No one can be neat in person with u j dusty scalp or carelessly kept hair. A little ‘ hair, when in tine order, is always L*auti * ful. Even if very thin, if it is soft and ‘ glossy, and evenly |>arted on a clean J white scalp, it is more attractive than the 1 crimpy, frizzled, half-scorched hair, of J which we sec so much now-a-days. There arc occasions when ladies have not the 1 time or inclination to dress their heads J with false hair. It is then the real condi } tion of their hair is seen. It is a very pleasant comfort for most - persons to have their heads combed, brush * j ed and gently rubbed by dexterous hands. ■The mother, when fatigued at night, is greatly rested and her headache charmed ' | away by the tender hands of her daughter j 1 j carefully brushing and arranging her hair. ‘ j There are many men who derive much pleasure from having their heads sham -1; pooed at home, and anticipate the Sunday 4 afternoon's combing ns one of the luxuries 4 that cannot he purchased at the barbers. ' It is an accomplishment that every girl j and woman should possess—the knowledge | of combing and caring for the hair in a grateful nnd agreeable manner. Women who selfishly proclaim that they “have no ? knack of combing any one’s hair,” and 1 never allay u headache or promote another’s ’ comfort by shampooing his hair, are do * forniities. 1 air :ilavs botrays the care the | head haa received through life. In obser ' viffg the white heads eons|iicuous in a congregation, there will he found a marked contrast between those that look a* if they 1 | were brushed and kept in a nil very, silky, i ’ shining condition by the loving hand* of' 1 some daughter or grandchild, and those 1 : presenting a shock of grizzly hair*, look ’ ing as if they might have been combed with a threedegged stool. The hair should he thoroughly washed ■ with warm water and Castile soap at least | 1 once a month. The color of the water, after the first rinsing, will expose the ne-1 eessity of this hair-bath. To wash and dry \ the head in a thorough manner without j pulling out the hair or causing discomfort I to its possessor is an art. Snarls should i always bo brushed out. Combs in long j hair are usually more or less destructive. | Soda or borax, which is so generally used j in washing the hair, is highly injurious | It destroys the nutrition supplied to the scalp and dries the hair, causing it to ! break and become unmanageable. To I preserve the hair in good condition it should be brushed every night until it is j soft and glossy. Bnbbing the scalp with | a little bay water or weak spirits of any kind will keep it white and free from dan-1 druff. Fine-tooth combs should never he , used for scratching or cleaning the scalp. I They were never invented but for one pur-1 pose. “False " or oneimental hair should be 1 carefully kept to he endurable. The habit of some persons of laying their coils upon ; the bureau, or hanging them on the gas fixtures at the side of the gloss, on remov-1 ing them from their heads at uight, is ex- \ tremcly untidy, as they become dusty and i uncleanly from this exposure. Switches can he kept in good order for a long time, if well brushed and placed in boxes when not in use. Bose Cuttings.—Max Klose, an expe rienced gardener, says;—lnstead of throw ing my prunings away last spring, I used them us cuttings—put a whole lot of them, about a dozen or more, in a marmalade jar filled with coarse sand and water, with sufficient of the latter to be about a quar-1 ter of an inch or so above the sand. I i then plunged the jars into a slight hotbed, j | and let the cuttings have all the light and sun {lossiblc —never shading once. After I eight weeks he examined the jars and j found the roots to fill them, and the shoot* in the healthiest condition. Nothing could be more so. Ho adds: —Out of about 120 j cutting* of three dozen roses, I only miss-1 cd striking 15, which I think is a very eu (■ouraging result; anyhow, I shall consider ' it the rood royal, nnd experiment again in a similar manner in summer, when I shall pay more attention to the preparing of the cuttings and the way they will strike the readiest. The Human Pulse. The human pulse, in all ages of the i 1 world, has been consulted as an index of 1 \ health or disease. It is a kind of dial ! within us, which gives u* both the meas ure of lime aud of health.' The pulse of a 1 person in health beats about seventy ' strokes in a minute, and the ordinary 1 term of life is shout seventy years. In j this seventy year*, the pulse of a temper-! ate person beats two billions, five hundred { and seventy millions, four hundred and ' forty thousand times. If no actual disor- 11 ganisation should happen, a drunken per-! sun might live until his pulse beat this , 1 number of limes; but by the constant J stinmlous of ardent spirits, or by pulse quickening food, the pulse becomes great ly accelerated, and the two billions, five 1 hundred and seventy millions, four hun dred and forty thousand pulsations are 1 performed in a little more than half the 1 ordinary term of human life, and life goes 1 out in forty or forty-five years, instead of 1 seventy. This application of number* is 1

i given to show that the acceleration of 1 those force* diminishes the term of human life. I | [ When is a bow not a bow? When it is I a bow-nof. i The Vault in the U. 8. Treasury, Passing into the {Hinderous jaws of tin* vault, wc find ourselves surrounded on every side by all the various kinds of money which, the 'ingenuity of Congress and of successive secretaries of varying : viewa have devised. Legal-tender notes, 1 five per eent. notes, seven-thirty notes, ■ national bank notes, gold notes, three per cent, notes, fractional notes, and postage currency confront us at every turn. The i compartment* of the safe failing to furnish i accommodations for them all, they are piled up in great heaps on the floor, apparenlly ■ with no more care than jsitatoes or wheat. And yet the value of every pile and pack age is known, aud the slightest loss would be speedily discovered. Four hundred millions of dollars, the vault clerk informs us, are contained in this vault. No won der. we exclaim, tliat the Treasurer feels anxious for its safety. The sides of the vault are divided into eomjiartinents, cubic in form and of convenient size, the door to I each of which is numbered, so that its contents can be registered in a hook, aud is provided with a fastening to which a louden seal can lie affixed. A cubical ■ package, iiiearuriug about nine inches in each direction, is tossed to us with the remark that it contains four million dol lars in legal-tender notes. Four million dollars! and to think that f or oue-hun dredth, nay. one-thousandth part of the value contain'-,1 in this packet, which an infant could hold in its hands, men have toiled and delved through long years of suffering ami self-denial, have robbed and i murdered, have committed every conceiva ble wickedness, have endangered and sacri ficed their lives nnd bartered their immor tal souls!—“An Hour Among I hr Green backs,' Scribner far April. Boyi, Bead This. , - —- A gentleman advertised for a boy In 1 assist him in his office, nnd nearly fifty applicants presented themselves before him. . Out of the whale number he selected one and dismissed the rest. "I should like to know," said a friend, “on what ground , you select that boy, who had not a single , recommendation." “Y'ou arc mistaken," said the gentle man, “he had a great many. He wiped his feet when he came in and closed the door after him. showing that he waa care ful ; he gave up his seat instantly to that lame old man, showing that he was kind and thoughtful; he took off his cap when j he came in, and answered my questions promptly and respectfully, showing he was polite and gentlemanly; he picked up the book which I had purposely laid upon the floor, and replaced it on the table, while all the rest step|ied over it nr shoved it aside; and he waited quietly for his turn, instead of pushing ami crowding, showing that he was honest and orderly. YVheu I talked with him I noticed that bin clothca were carefully brushed, hia hair in nice order and his teeth as white as milk; and when he wrote his name I noticed that his finger-nails were clean, instead of being tipped with jet, like that handsome little fellow in the blue jacket. Don’t you call those things letters of recommendation? I do, and I would give more for what 1 can tell about a boy by using my eyes ten minutes, than all the fine letters he can j bring me." The Calcutta Crane. One distinguished visitor which honors Calcutta with its presence only duriug the ' rains is far too remarkable to be forgotten, j This is the adjutant, a gigantic crane, atan- , ding about four feet high, with a Urge, I heavy body, a small head, a huge bill, nnd i wing* whichnrcsaid sometime* to measure I twelve feet from tip to tip. A more un-' : gainly and caricature-like bird probably | does not exist, but it is useful, like the j ! jackal and the crow, as a groat devourer of refuse, and is said also to destroy rats i and snakes. It certainly swallows lumps j :of solid bone larger than a man’s fist; and ! j it comes freely about the houses and com-! ■ pounds, perfectly qniot and harmless, but ; the most quaintly ugly creature living. ' ; Its body is gray and blu'ck, its neck red i land bare, with a curious fleshy pouch dang- ; : ling in front, nnd its huge beak the same I color, while its long legs have exactly the appearance of being covered with whit* I stockings. Whether standing with its head buried between its shoulders, setting ; on the ground with its long white legs j stretched toward in the most awkward and uuhirdlike attitude, flying, perching, or ' | hanging itself out to dry when its great ■ 1 black wings are saturated with rain, no ! words can render justice to its extravagant , | unconlhncss. American Antiqoitiex. ' In lie remote parts of Arizona it is said \ I Aut well-preserved and extensive ruins 1 have been found which indicate the former I existence of {mpulous cities. From an ac count of those by Colonel Roberts in the \ Builder wc ((Uote the following dcserip-! tions: “It is surrounded by a wall of; sand-stone neatly quarried and dressed. 10 feet or 12 feet thick, and originally, judg ing from the detritus, 15 feet or 20 feet high. YV ithin arc the wall* of bouses, temples, and markets, all of solid stone and 1 showing excellent masonry. These walls I arc covered with hieroglyphics, cut deeply ; into the stone. The whole of the ruins. ; like most of (hose of the Orient, and more especially those of Arabia and Assyria, | are more or less buried in nnd. Accord ing to the account, this city is some 90 ' miles from the boundary between Utah ■ an< l Arixona, and an equal distance from | j the YY'estorn Colorado hue. It is close to i j the desert, and is surrounded by extensive i "andy plains."— Scribner'n for April. Hclipsi at the Time or the Ceuoi pixio.n.—lt is a curious coincidence that the moon waa eclipsed on the generally received date of our Saviour's cruifixion. A. D. 33, April 3, The phenomenqp, however, could have had no influence on the miraculous darkness that overshadowed Jerusalem "from the sixth to the ninth hour,' when “the sun was darkened.” Mr. Hind has found tint the moon “had emerg ed from the earth's dark shadow a quarter of an hour before she rose at Jerusalem (6.3t> P. M.) but the penumbra continued upon her disc for an hour afterwards." The penumbra visibleduriugaluiiarcelipee is exceedingly faint, being only a shadow of the earth's dark shadow, and it can scarcely be rccogniicd by the naked eye. It certainly could have added nothing to the awful solemnity of the scene which had just taken place. —Leiture Hour. Baldness.—For every ton women who ! i arc bald, there treat least fifty men. And | why ? Pomades, that clog the pore* of , the skin; hair dyes, that scorch the roots of the hair; close hats, that allow no cir culation; dyspepsia, nnd a brain that is < quicker to respond to a “whiskey punch. , or a brandy smash, than to any intollcc- , live brain exertion"—that’s the indictment. , ■ - , Prof. Joseph Le Conte, in n paper in i Silliman s Journal, upholds the opinion - that the whole theory of geology must be reconstructed on the basis of a solid earth. fnllic s(Um. 1 f Party Virtue. ! The vote in the House of’ Kepreseuta i lives st Washington, a few weeks ago, by which that body refused the appointment r of a eommitlee to prepare articles of im ■ peachment against the Vice-President of ! the I'tilted States, was one of the most I i unpleasantly suggestive votes ever recorded I 1 in this country. Kithcr the Vice-Presi-' 7 dent was evidently deserving of so high a proceeding against him. or he was not. j ■ There was not a fact of his case which was I notas well known toone member as another, j I There was not a member of that body, un- i > less he had deliberately chosen to be igno rant, who had not come to an intelligent j > conclusion concerning the Vice-President's ' guilt or innocence of the charges that had I • been preferred against him. It was a plain i • question of fact, onwhichan unbiased jury 1 of ordinary intelligence could have had no difficulty in coming to a just conclusion; i yet one of the highest deliberative bodies I in the land voted upon it almost exclusive i ly according to party prejudices and affi -1 liations. Half a doieu republicans, whose motives, at least, were open to suspicion, i voted with the solid array of democratic members against the Vice-President, while 1 the republicans, as au overwhelming and i controlling majority, declared by their 7 vote that that officer had done nothing to I deserve the disgrace sought to be inflicted. • The country is thus left in doubt as to j the real merits of the case, and knows no j more concerning them from this vote than , it would from the decision of a debating club of boys. One of these |rtics has ' evidently lied, or home false witness for i or against a man hitherto considered emi nent for his personal virtues. , It is sad to conclude that so high a body ' , as the House of Representatives is entirely ; untrustworthy in its dealings with aques- 1 . tion of public morality and personal recti , tude. The country may well ask. in view | of this vote; “If they do these things in ■ the green tree, what will they do in the dry'/' If such vital questions as the in . corruptibleneas and veracity of one of the 1 heads of the government is to be settled by , a party vote in the House of Representa tives, what arc we to conclude concerning the whole Credit Mobilier investigation ? 1 Indeed, it is not fair to judge that this in vestigation was a “put-up job," intended , exclusively for political purposes? A , delightful act of men, these, to pass upon . the moral standing of each other, when , the guilt of doing it in accordance with party interests is blacker than anything ; charged against any one of them I Ay. a , pretty set of men. these, who stand sclf ■ recorded as maligners or defenders of a ! public reputation and a private character, i according to party prejudices, to passjudg . ment upon the moral standing of their 1 fellows! We protest that, whether the i men implicated by this investigation are . guilty or not. the men into whose hands the investigation fell convicted themselves 1 | of their moral unfitness to settle it justly ’ We have lost all faith in the investigation ' and its results. We do not believe the country knows, after all the reports, who I the guilty ones are, or that it ever will know. Kach party, it seems to us, has simply tried to sec how much it could make i or save out of it; and the poor devils who ! have come from the scrimmage with soiled , linen and unpleasant adjectives attached i to their names, will at least have the com-' fort of knowing that the country thinks as much of them as of the njost of those by whose party votes they were defended or j condemned.— Dr. F. (1. Holland; Serib- I ner’t for April. Death of Hon. John Thornton Mason. The Baltimore Gazette of Saturday, the 29th ultimo, says: The community will be startled this morning to hear the death of Hon. John Thomson Mason, which oc curred, at Klkton, yesterday evening. He was apparently in his usual health, and went to Klkton, a few days ago, to try a cause. He closed the argument for his client about noon, and returned to his hotel, apparently well and in excellent J spirits. At half-past three o'clock he was i summoned to the court house to hear the verdict of the jury, and immediately re- 1 turned to the hotel for dinner. Soon after j reaching the house, he was seized with ! great nausea, but it appeared to be only momentarily, and shortly after he took dinner. At half-past four o'clock he rose from the tabic, aud staggered and fell to the floor, under an attack of paralysis. When raised up by those near him, it was found that be was insensible, and though everything possible was done for him, he died at half-past six o'clock. Judge Mason was born at Montpelier, in Washington county, in this State, in May, 1815, and was sent to Princeton College, where he graduated in 1836. After leaving college, he returned to his native county, read law in Hagcretown, and was admitted to the bar in 1838. The same year he was elected a member of the House of Delegates, to which body he was re-elected in 1839. He represented his district in Congress from 1841 until 1843, aud was. at the time, the youngest man in Congress. After his retirement from Con gress, he resumed the practice of bis pro- : Cession in Washington and adjacent coun ties, until 1851, when, under the Consti tution of 1850, he was elected by the people a Judge of the Court of Appeals. He filled that position until the spring of 1857, when, under the administration of Mr. Buchanan, he accepted the appoint- 1 ment of collector of the port of Baltimore. \ and resigned his place on the bench. From | the collectorship he was removed by Mr. I Lincoln, and returned to Hagerstown. In 1862, like many others, he was an object ' of the malevolence of those then in power, and was torn from his home and imprison ed in Fort McHenry. He did not remain ' there long, however, an order for his re- ' lease! having been issued from Washington. After the close of the war he removed his 1 residence to Annapolis, where he has since ' resided, though he practiced law in Balti- ' more. When Governor Whyte entered , upon the duties of his office Judge Mason was appointed by him Secretary of State, which post he filled at the lime of his 1 death. Judge Mason was well known through out the State, and his amiable disposition I and kindness of heart attached to him many warm friends. KmmiNU the Increase ok Salaey. 1 —The TVibtme states that all of the mem bers of Congress from Connecticut have notified Bergcant-at-aruu Orway that they do not wish him to draw the sums due them out of the famous “salary steal," as it is their intention not to take the money. This officer has also received other notifi cations of like character from members whose names will be kept secret, and he says other members have drawn the money and deposited it in the County Treasury of their county, to be applied in the payment of taxes. About thirty member* will lake i this course, and keep the fact to themselves i for the present. ' VOL. VIII.—NO. 21. From Ike Ctril Whig, Kr.pMumi. A Severe Blow at the Country Frets Among the acts of the Into Congress, which covered itself with the infamy of stealing $1,600,000 from the public treas ury, during the last hours of its existence, none will he more severely felt than an amendment that was slipped in the post • iAcc appropriation bill, which repealed Uie law allowing the free circulation of country papers in the county where they are published; (to take effect the Ist of July ) and abolish the free exchange of ntwspa|icrs among publishers. The free exchange of newspapers is no part of the franking privilege which has grown into such an intolerable abuse by mercenary Congressmen, but it serves in a great mea sure to diffuA* the news transpiring in every quarter of the country, rapidly and cheaply among the people, ode of the fun damental objects for which the postal sys tem was established. Publishers cannot afford to pay postage on a heavy exchange list of papers from all parts of the country and furnish their papers to subscribers at the low rates of subscription at present prevailing. The heaviest blow, however, from this amendment to the postofficc law will fall upon the local or couutiy press. The privilege enjoyed by the country press to circulate free in the county of publica tion, was a great protection to that impor tant branch of the great newspaper system, which constitutes the bulwark of the na tion. The city weeklies which arc corn postal of a hash of the dailies, are distributed by tens of thousands broadcast over the country at prices but little advanced on the cost of white paper, and where a large circulation is established such weeklies become a source of much profit to the proprietors. They cost but little more than the making up of forms composed almost exclusively of matttg selected, and set aside from the daily editions. These cheap weekly editions of the city dailies prove moat formidable ciuflpctitois to the country press, which is at heavy expense getting up comparatively small editions, but which arc vital to the interests of the county where published, there can be no excuse in extenuation of a profligate Con gress in delivering this damaging blow at the interests and future advancement of the local press, except the mean efforts ; shown on every opportunity to tack on something to the post-office law that would serve to make the change odious, in hopes of restoring the fat aud foul privilege of au indiscriminate use of the mail by Con gressmen, in session and out of session. The local or country papers are no bur then on the great mail lines, which provide quick transit between distant and leading commercial points of the country. They are nearly all distributed by the way mails which are comparatively light and which are made up by the agents aud put out at each station on the road.. It should be the business of the country press to publish the vote which cuts off the exchange of newspapers among pub lishers. and the right of free circulation of county papers, and make it so warm for the Hessians who took this mean method of revenge for the loss of an abused privi lege, that no one of them who voted for the measure, or was in any way answerable for it* passage, shall ever dare show his head again. Let the country press order their Representatives in the next Congress, to repeal this infamous clause, as they 1 commanded them to repeal the no less in j famous franking privilege, and they will | not dare disobey. It should be the duty of the different editorial associations throughout the coun | try to have a consultation on the subject , and adopt measures which would secure , the speedy repeal of the objectionable clause. Let the black list of treasury thieves be published a* soon as it can be had. and whip them through the country to the tune of the Rogues' March, as a warning to the future political adventurers who lie their way, and buy their way into Congress. Clean Hand*. The world moves. It is not so respec i table as it was a few years ago to be a \ rascal. People are Icaniingthe lesson that dean hands are desirable, both for personal 1 comfort and pleasant social intercause. I They really seem to be learning that purity ; pays, and that personal honor and incor i ruptibleneas arc a good investment. Rogues and rings are having a tough time of it. i and it is their own fault if the young aud I ambitious men who are now coming upon ; the stage of action do not learn to place so high a price upon themselves that neither wealth nor power can buy them. The I rascalities of the New York Ring arc all ; exposed, and the member* of tbit Ring have either run away, or are staggering I before public opinion and the law. disgrac ed and degraded men. Bribery in Con ; gross stands exposed and rebuked, while ’ names that were pure have received a I tarnish that can never be polished away. Men who have held their heads high tn the nation, bow those heads in shame over hands which are soiled beyond cleansing. ‘ We call no names, but, scattered up and | down the land, great reputations lie in ruins. Men who had wealth which they stole, and | men who had positions which they bought, and men who used their public office to push their private schemes, are thrown high and dry out of influence, and lie all exposed upon the rocks of disgrace, where i they arc sure to rot or go to pieces, j If the your t politicians of the country will learn the lesson that the facts which ; we have recounted are so well calculated | to teach, better times for the country lie l in the future. Personal advantage ia a mean motive to appeal to, where so vital a ‘ question as personal purity is concerned, | but, as there is no danger to morals from | any other appeal, it is well to meet temp | tation on its own ground and fight it with j it* own weapons. The lesson of the recent exposures is really needed by none but j those who fancy that they can compass i their end* best by base means; and if these I shall learn from it that, in the long run, ! nothing pays so well in wealth and power and safety and comfort as virtue, they will learn that which will be of incalculable benefit to them and to the country. No money was ever won by treachery to trust that did not harm the winner. No power was ever achieved by bribery or retained by falsehood that did not scorch the palm of him who held it. The consciousness of ill-desert, the loss of self-respect, the fear of exposure and the self-commitment to a life of deception, which go always with j possessions unworthily won, are poison in j the blood, and the exposure, sooner or later, ! is as sure to come as death.— Dr. F. O. ; Holland ; Scribner' i for April. Prof. Agassix has applied to the Mmn chusett* legislature for State aid to his Museum of Comparative Zoology, one of the most valuable in the world. A plan has been organised mid the means to a great extent provided, for a school of in struction for nstnralists and. the professors 1 of natural science in schools and colleges, to be carried on with all necessary appli- 1 Mess on the Nantucket coast, under the ; supervision, m each department of man who have made these studleatheir ’speeialtv I W\i and gmnor. i A Darkey s Philosophy. ■ I All elderly dsrkey, with s rery philo sophical and retrospective oast of eounte u nance, was squatting upon his bundle on e j the hurricane deck of one of the western J 1 river steamers, toasting hit shins against f the chimney, and apparently plunged in a y slate of profound meditation. His dreas f and appearance indicated familiarity with f camp life, and it being soon after the siege e and capture of Fort Donelaon, I was in e * dined to disturb his reveries, and on inter 0 rogation found that he had been with the f Union forces at that place, when I ques tioned him further. His philosophy waa 1 so much in the Falstaffian vein that I will 1 give his views in his own words as near as - my memory serves me: “Were you in the fight?" t “I had a little taste of it, ash." f “Stood vonr ground, did you ?" I “No, salt, I runs," t "Run at the first fire, did you?" t “Yes, sah. and would have run sooner . had I know d it was cornin'." r “Why, that wasn't very creditable to . your courage." I “Dat isn't iu my liae, sab—cookin'* my - profession.” “Well, but have you no regard for your , reputation?" “Reputation nuffin' to me by de side ub life." I “Do you consider your life worth more i than other people's?’’ ' “It’s wutfa mure to me. sab." i “Thou you must value it highly." i “Yen. sah, I docs; more dau all dia ; world ; more dau a million of dollars, oah : fur what would dat be wuth to a man wid 1 de href out of him? Self-preservation I am de fust law wid me, sah.” ! “But why should you act on a different s rule from other men ?" i “Cause, sah, different men sots different • value upon dcrselvea; my life is not in de . 1 market. r “ But if you lost it you would have the aat > isfaction of knowing that you died for your - country." t “Dat wouldn't do me any good, sah." f “Then patriotism snd honor sre nothing to you?" i “Nuffin whatever, sah—l regard dem 1 ts among de vanities." i “If our soldiers were like you, traitors I might have broken up the government • without resistance." "Yes, sah, dere would have been no help - for it. I wouldn’t put my life in de scales • against any guberment dat ever existed, - for no tpiberment could replace de loss to r me. ’Spect, dough, dat de guberment safe ■ if da all like me. i “Do you think any of your company would hive missed vou if vou had been killed?" "May be not, sah. A dead white nun f sin t much to desc sogers, let slone a dead nigga, but I'd miss myself, and dst was r de pint wid me." It is safe to say that the corpse of that African will never darken the field of carnage.— Chicago Tribune. Episcopalian*. “Are there any Episcopalians in this vicinity, msdame?" asked a tall, thin stranger, of Mrs. Artcmus, as she stood in the open door, in answer to his knock. “Any which?” “Episcopalians.” Now, if Mrs. Artemos had a falling it was that she uever would admit that she could possibly be ignorant of anything. She always knew all about any subject mentioned. So she answered: “Episcopalians! Well, we don’t exact ly know. My John—he's my son—he see somethin' out’n the cornfield yisterday. He didn't know what it w*, but I told him I guessed R was a cbipmonk. But now you speak on’t, I’ll bet tt was a Epiiker palium. And my next neighbor, Farmer Hawkins, said he shot at somethin' that same day that John see his strange critter, and Farmer Hawkins be thought it was some wild critter that had got out of some manage™ somewhere. Anyhow, I think that's a Episcopaling, too. Be they big gcr’n a chipmunk ?' r “You misunderstand me, madame." “Well, you needn't feel oneasy. Kf there's any Piscopaliums in this here neighborhood, you can make up your.mind that they’ll git shot. Wo air too feelin' a community to let things run at large which mout destroy and devour somebody. Come in, won’t ye?" Artcmus Ward once lent money. He thus recounts the transaction: “A gen tleman friend of mine came to me with tears in his eyes. I said, “Why these weeps ‘ He said be had s mortgage on hi* farm, and wanted to borrow S2OO. I lent him the money and he went sway. Some time after he returned with more tears. He said he must leave me forever. I ventured to remind him of the S2OO he borrowed. He or** much cut up; I thought I would not be hard upon him— so I told him I would throw off SIOO. He brightened, shook my hand, and said: “Old friend, I won’t allow yon to outdo me in liberality—l’ll throw off the other hundred!” A few days since a seedy person applied to a wealthy citisen for help and received the small sum o J five cents. The giver remarked as he handed him the pittance; Take it, yon arc welcome; our ears are always open to the distressed." “That may be,” replied the recipient, “but never before in my life have I seen so small an opening for such large ears.” A lady who was in the habit of spend ing a large portion of her time in the so ciety of her neighbors, happened one day to he token ill, and sent her husband in great haste for a physician. The hnsband ran a few yards,but suddenly turned back, exclaiming, “My dear, where shall I find you when I come back?” A Nashville washerwoman, finding in a lot of dirty clothes a new fashioned shirt, opening at the haek, sewed it np, cat open the bosom snd sewed on battcue, to the intense disgust of her customer, A Darkey, left in charge of n telegraph office while the operator went to dinner, heard some “call’’over the wires, and he began shouting at the instrument, “De op erator isn’t yer." The noise ceased What are you doing?” add n lather to his son, who was tinkering at an old watch. “Improving my time, sir,’’ *t* the reply. _ An old bachelor compares life to a skirt ‘ tw’ be “ , “* “*° oft *“ k “ g * * Will you darn my stoekmfff?” " - Ist,SO ay of (Hipping the question. Chairs should never be covered "ilk, they must besstJn, ; ...

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