Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate, April 19, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate dated April 19, 1873 Page 1
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$2 PER ANNUM Srtfrt ®orttn. FLORAL FANCIES Welcome. gleam* of green—of amber! children! playmate*! out and nee. floating fhm her lee bound ehamber. Spring. the flower crowned spring, net Area! See her blue tft*. glad to weeping. O'er the wan world oped anew; O'er the mead*, fhwh waters leaping, Silvery atepp'd. and tuneful, loo! singing, ringing, wildcat measure. Wild as If gone mad with pleasure. Sow the warm rays' noonday brightness Wakes the sleepy flower* below— Some like gentle ghosts, all whltene**-- soroe like maiden cheeks that glow-, jonquil* pale—how pale, but sweeter. Richer than the rose of June; paflbdlls whose day is fleeter. H4.nl like smiles and lost as soon. Pansies clad In wondrous glory, Kan-as king* in Kastern pry. Yon den’ here the s|rkling shower* Fait like music heard in sleep. There have hunt the crocus flowers. Uughing out while cloudlets weep. Time of beauty—time of blessing— sunny childhood of the year. Karth. so lorn ere thy caressing, Bloom* like one w hoin angels i heer; KK- her. clasp her. tend her kindly, Hhc has sorrowed long and blindly Sorrow'd cbtidiess, bloomleas. bllghtetl. Like a mother gone distraught— Ah! that young smile rapture lighted. Nestling then- new life has wrought; Lilli* weave her brows soft splendor. Crown'd with gems—the jewel dews. Violets dark her mild eyes render, Almond pink her cheeks sulTuse! Kiss her. clasp her—soundest slumbers Hoon must melt at such warm numbers. o'er her shoulder* thickly streaming May's labumam knot* of gold ; Kinglets rich In radiance gleaming. As were Ahaotem'a uf old! Now she waki-a—she rises— Standing midst the milk-white boughs. Bride-like f full of sweet surprises, Bride-like blushing while she vow*. Now she walks the world In beauty Sow sweet love becomes a duty. iTiitfS of the fra. THE ISLAND MYSTEEY. BV AKTIIIH L. MKHKHVC. The Ignited Staton sloop of war, Victory, Capt. Granger commanding, wan moving slowly along beneath the influence of a light breesc, in the far Indian ocean. The Victory had lieen Rtationed there but a abort time, and the novelty of their position had not yet worn off. either to of ficen or men. Thun far they experienced nothing hut the delight* of the ntation. with none of ita drawbacks. The nea had been an calm and delightful an an inland lake, and the island* which ever and anon they visited. were to them like no many miniature Paradises. No nieknem an yet had eome among them, and the fierce typhoon had not ihreatened to send the gallant sloop to the bottom. From the captain down to the nmallent midshipman, all were contented, and looked forward to a good deal of pleasure in the endless summer which stretched out before them. To only one on hoard the lnop did their position bring gloomy thought*. Thin wan none other that Captain Granger himself. A few year* before, the treacherous seas which now lay **> smiling about them, hud robbed him of all he held the most dear in ! the world. 11 in wife and child hud been on their return home in a merchantman, from where he hud left them, and the vessel hud foundered and gone down beneath the treacherous waves. Only u half-dozen from the whole crew hud etH*M|HHI to tell the tale of their mishap. The rest had met a watery grave. In a small boat they had been danhed about ut the mercy of the waves for many hours, and then more dead than alive they bad been thrown upon a small island, from which they had been rescued by a passing vessel several months afterwards. This hud chanced three years before, and now as Captain Granger found his vessel plowing the same waters, the thought of his loved ones was ever upper most in his mind, and often he found him self imagining that he wus sailing above the coral grave in which they were resting. These constant thoughts gave a sad cast to his countenance, and it was apparent to both oflicers and men that thoughts of the past were ever uppermost in his mind. They hud heard the story of his loss. ■ and time and again it was repeated through ; the ship. On the particular day In which our sto ry opens, the Captain chanced to be in the cabin, while on deck was his first officer in charge. As we have said, the sea wus almost unruffled ; for only a slight brecie was blowing, while the sun was shining bright* lv in the heaven* above. With hi* sword drawn in his hand, the first officer, Lieut. Carter, paced up and down the deck, dividing hi* thought* be tween his duty, and those dear to him. whom he had left at home. From this occupation he wa* startled by a cry from a young midshipman, who was standing near. “What do you mean by this putcry ? demanded the officer, stepping up to him. The youth pointed away towards a small island which uprose from the water some half a league distant. It appeared to he nothing but a high muss of barren rocks which had been upheaved by some great convulsion of nature. “There is some one on the rock yonder, sir,” he said, touching his hat to his supe rior officer, —“and they are making signs to attract our attention.*' “In which direction? I do not see theta." “Yonder, high on the highest edge of the cliff. When I saw them first, I thought they were huge birds resting there; but jiow I can see that they are human be- Ugs." “You are right,” said the officer. “I nee them now, and they are making signals to us. Go to the cabin and summon the captain. This matter must be attended to. It may be that there arc some poor dihip-wrecked beingt there." Walter Corwine, for this was the youth s The Democratic Advocate. name, hastened at once on his errand, and in a little while he returned, followed by the captain, who boro a speaking trumpet in his hand. “Whore are they?” hc*osked, glancing away to the high cliffs before them. “Yonder, sir. Can you not see them ?” Mid Walter, pointing away towards the island. “I do now. said the captain, “or rather t is the white signal which is waving there that catches my eye. We will send a boat to the island at once. Mr. Carter, he *aid, addressing the officer; “though from the looks of the shore, I don’t think a landing can be effected. But I will hail them now. so that they may know that we have seen them.” Suiting the action to the word, Captain Granger placed the trumpet to his lips, and ahouted with all the strength of his lungs, conveying the intelligence that they were discovered. Then he turned and gave orders for the boat to be lowered at onee. Hut little lime wss lost in to doing. ! Ihe brecte which had been growing leas, i had by thin time almost died away, and the aloop was almost becalmed. The captain had thought of going him self. but at the last moment he changed hia mind, and gave place to Lieut. Carter. IV alter Corwine, having Abed permission, was allowed to go, and the boat being filled with ita compliment of men, pushed off, : and the blades of the rowers dipped into | the water, and aent it at a swift pace I across the shining waves in the direction 1 of the island. The signal upon the cliff was still waving, and for a little time they could see those he Death it, who kept it in motion , but ss 'they came closer under the cliffs, it wss hidden from their sight, and turning their eyes from it, they sought for some spot where they could effect a landing from the rocky mass before them. But this was no easy task to perform. In most places, high walls of rock rose from the water's edge, and lowered hun dreds of feet towards the blue sky. In others there were great, jagged rooks, among which the breakers murmured, and through which a bout could not pass. The search was a long one, but at last they found a spot where they determined to try to effect a Isnding; and heading the boat for the shore, they sent her through the surf to the gravelly beach beyond, upon which they leaped, eager to find who it was that had signalled them from that desolate place. Hauling up the boat, they left one of the men in charge of it. and then sprang over the rocks in the direction of the spot where they had seen the signal. Hut before they had gone over half the distance, they beheld the object of their search descending towards them. It was a woman and a child, whom, from their features, they judged to be of the same race as themselves. But they would never have known it from their complexion, or from the gar ; menls they wore. The |wrtion of their akin which had been exposed to the sun s rays, wus as ! brown as a native of the South Seas. Their garments, hy which they essayed to cover their nakedness, were torn and patched in many places, and looked ss though they would long since have fallen from their limbs,had they not been repeated ly mended, with a material which looked much like the skin of fish. Hurriedly they came down over the rucks, but as they drew near, the child tried to hide itself behind its companion, ns though the sight of a white man was an object of terror to it. They were close to them, when a shout higher upon the rocks caused both them and our frienda to gaxe in that direction. A party of natives of the islands adja cent, if not of the one they were on, were hastily approaching them with loud shouts and angry gesticulations. “Save us! save us!" cried the woman, springing towards them, “Do not let those monsters agsin get us in their power!" This was uttered in very good English, and Lieut. Carter replied: "Have no fear, my good woman, they shall do you no harm, and if they want a : taste uf cold lead, let them eome on." It seemed that those in pursuit were ■ not for such a meal, for they paused upon the rocks some little distance away, where they remained, making furious gestures at the party below. “Who are you, and how came you in this dreary place T" asked the officer, as he gnxed curiously upon the uncouth and trembling pair before him. “I am an American woman, and this is my child. Years ago we were cast away in these waters, and thrown upon this is land, and here we have remained ever since. The natives who belong to the islands near here made yu slaves, but would not take us home with them. Many times I tried to attract the notice of pass ing vessels, hut could not. fur mi sure as there was a chance, they were here to pre vent meand with a shudder, she point ed to the gibbering group shore them. “Thank Heaven! your trials are over," exclaimed Lieut. Carter. “You shall go with us, my poor woman, and shall be abundantly provided for. But cannot you 101 l how long you have led this life ?" “No. It seems to mu as though it might bo ten yean, yet it may not be that, for my child here should be larger, were it so long as that. It U all summer here, and I cannot tell how the seasons went; but oh I it baa been so long!’’ The natives were now coming closer, and from their actions, our friends thought that they meant fight. Lieut. Carter would have liked nothing better than to have punished them. 80 he gave the word to return to the boat and in a few minutes they had embarked and the row ers were sending it swiftly towards the ship. Captain Granger stood by the aide, tod when he saw what the boat contained, he turned as pale at death, and those who WESTMINSTER, MD, SATURDAY, APRIL 19, 1873. I stood near him thought that ho would fall ! ) to the deck. But he did not, and stood : 1 motionless while the rescued ones were as- j sisted over the side near where he stood. ! One® upon the deck, the eyes of the woman fell upon hia face. For a moment she stood as in a dream, and then with a * W ‘M ery, ahe sprang towarda him. "O, Charles, my husband I" she cried, “My God I Theses has given up its i dead!" cried the captain ; and the next 1 moment he had clasped mother and child 1 in a warm embrace. 1 There was great rejoieijg on board flic 1 Victory that day. From the highest to 1 the lowest, all partook of it, for Charles ■ Granger declared that it should be a holi day, and as little work done in itaapoiwible. As for himself, every day thereafter was , one of thanksgiving to him. I- ■ Origin of Familiar Words. The word “quix,” to make fun of or poke fun at a person, was the coinage of a theatrical manager in Dublin, who, at a drinking party with his friends one Satur day night, when the conversation turned upon the subject of words, offered to bet the wine that he could then and there coin a word which would he in the mouths of all 1 Dublin the next day. The bet was taken and the party dispersed, the manager called up his call-boys and runners, gave them ' pieces of chalk, and ordered them to run ' all over the city, chalking the word “quix” ' on every door, shutter and fence they came to. This was done, and as a matter of course, the new won! was in everybody ’s mouth the next day. The manager won his bet, and his word is now in all respect able dictionaries. 1 The slang expression for death, “kick- | 1 ing the bucket,” had iU origin from one 1 Bolsover, who, in Kngland, a great while ■ ago, committed suicide by standing on a bucket till he kicked the bucket from un ' der him. : The word “bumper/’ meaning a full drink when friends are drinking, is a cur ruption of the toast offered in France to 1 the Dope, when the Catholic religion was *in the ascendant in Kngland —au bon pert. * To “dun,” to press for money due.comes from one Joe Dunn, a famous bailiff of Lin coln, in Kngland. during the reign of * Henry A r 11. He was so uncommonly sue ! cessful in collecting money that when a 1 man refuted to pay, the creditor was asked why he didn't Dunn him. ' “Humbug" is a corruption of the Irish words mm bog. pronounced oorobug, sig nifying soft copper, or pewter, or brass, or worthless money, such as was made by > James II at the Dublin mint—twenty shillings of which were worth only two pence sterling. At first applied to a worth -1 | less coin, the words became the general ’ j title of anything false or counterfeit. I The sign “vlx," signifying to wit. or * namely, is an abbreviation of ridrlicit; but the third letter was not originally a it wus the mark used in medicine : for a drachm, which, in writing, much resembles a “1," and in “vix” was simply used as a murk or sign of abbreviation. 1 A gentleman from New Haven, Ct., lately exhibited some games for children. I One of them, called the “Fly Leaf/' is I done in this way ; Take a sheet of writ -1 ing paper, cover it on one side with gum 1 mucilage; then catch a fly, turn the fly I over on its back, stick the back of the fly llon to the paper; then catch another fly, , and do likewise; put the flies close togeth ■ j er, heads all one way; keep on doing this | J till you get the sheet full; then turn the . I paper over, and you’ll swear that paper is 1 alive. It will run all round the room. When you lire of this sport, turn the paper t over and admire the movements of the 1 flies’ legs. It will be a perfect fac-simile of grass swayed by a tephyr. This will he . cheaper than taking the children to the . country to see it. Thk Bright Side.— Look on the bright side. It is the right side. The times may , he hard, but it will make them no easier to wear a gloomy, sad countenance. It is the sunshine, and not the cloud, that makes the flower. The sky is blue ten r times where it is black once. You have k troubles—so have others. None are free from them. Trouble gives sinew and tone s to life—fortitude and courage to life. That ( would be a dull sea and the sailor would , never get skill, where there was nothing , to disturb the surface of the ocean. What though things look a little dark? The lane will turn, and night will end in broad , day. There U more virtue in one sun- I beam than in a whole hemisphere of clouds and gloom. * If nothing can be done to reform ine briates, much might he done to save mod erate drinkers from becoming, in course r of time, drunkards. Stop moderate drink ing, and the supply of inebriates would 1 soon be cut off. Moderate drinking is the beginning, in all cases, of intemperance. That cun be checked, and it behooves all * good men to engage in a work so urgently demanded by the best interests of society. “Hr is a Brick."—Many persons use the phrase. “He is a brick,” without the > least idea that it is supposed to he of elus ' sic origin. It is said that King Agesilnus, 1 being asked by an ambassador from Kpirus why they had no walls for Sparta, replied: t “We have.” Pointing to his marshaled *rmy, ho said : “There are the walls of 1 Sparta. Kvcry man you see is a brick.” Cockroaches.—By placing a bowl of molasses water in the place frequented, these posts will soon be exterminated. A t few elder leaves strewed on the floor, will r also answer—driving away the trouble , some inaects. r An irate man who wa* disappointed in hia boots, threatened to eat up the shoe s tusker, but compromised by drinking a cobler. r T I When ao extravagant (Viend wishes to * borrow your money, consider which of the 1 two you would rather lose. sr ®lio. Growth of Eeligioui Sects. We present from the ninth census, a table of the development and growth of the various religious denominations of the country during twenty years. The table is interesting, as presenting a succinct catalogue of our bewildering sects; it is still more interesting, we think, as a cala- Jogur rauonne, by means of which we may discover in what direction the religious tendencies of the day are drifting. It will be observed that while the num ber of churches has not doubled from 1850 to 1870, and the membership has only increased about 50 per cent., the church property has mure than quadrupled in the same period, showing a steadily in creasing departure from the ajioHtolic sim plicity. It will lie further noticed that none of the denominations have lost in property, though a goodly number have suffered in point of membership. To hold its own with the growth of population, a denomination must have added 00 per cent, to its membership, between 1850 and 1870,and 22percent between 1860 and *7O. Tried by this standard, the regular Bap tists have fallen short about 50 per cent., but the irregular Baptists (Hard-shells, Campbellites, Ncwlights, Ac.) all of them revivalists and professing more sensational forms of doctrine, are fur above the aver age, having sextupled in the period. The Congregationalists have trebled their prop erty, but have only increased their mem bership 38 per cent., showing a decline of nearly 30 per cent. The Protestant Epis copalians have also trebled their property | mid added 50 per cent, to their member* | ship. This growth, however, has been . chiefly fostered by the Uitualists, and is 1 principally upon the emotional side of the i church. The spirit hits evidently ceased to move the Friends, who, financially thrifty, have increased their dollars from 81,713,707 to 83,030,500, but have re* ducod the number of their churches by sixty and their membership by over 00.000. The Quakers have apparently suffered in spiritual regards by the contaminating in fluences of the late war. The Jewish churches have increased their membership from 18,371 to 73,205, but this is chiefly, if not entirely, by immigration. The growth of the Lutherans, about 80 or 00 per cent., in two decades, is also to be at tributed principally to the largo immigra tion of North Germans. The Methodists have raised their estate from 814,000,000 to near 870,000.000, and their member ship has increased about 50 percent. The bulk of this increase, however, was chron icled in the census of 1860. Since that date, while their property has more than doubled, their membership bus increased only about 4 per cent, showing that they are 18 per cent, below their status in 1860. They have, perhaps, more than made up in social influence and political power, however, for this loss of spiritual sway, and are very likely quite contented with the outlook, (’amp-meetings, revivals, and the doctrine of sanctification will continue to give them a powerful hold upon the emotional side of the people among whom they proselyte. The Moravians have gone down to almost nothing, but the United Brethren, reforming sehismatists from the Moravian fold, hold their own much better than most denominations. The Mormons have grown from 10,800 to 87,838; and those pure and unwordly Spiritualists, the Swedenborgians, have more than trebled their membership, but, alas, their property has increased seven-fold, and we tremble for the Swedenborgians. The Presbyte rians, old and new schools combined, have only increased their membership about 30 per cent., but their property has augment ed 350 per cent. The Dutch and Gcrmun Reformed have grown largely, but chiefly by immigration. Immigration has con tributed largely to the growth of the Cath olic Church, the membership of which is three fold as great as it was in 1850. while its property has increased six-fold. The Second Adventists, who totally discard history, science, experience, and such tri fles, and guide themselves by the inner light, have increased nearly seven-fold in membership and nearly thirty-fold in this world’s gear. The Shakers have added 75 per cent, to their membership, but this growth was principally during the war, when a good many men of pacific disposi tion would naturally become Shakers in view of the frequent drafts, and the more readily, that this sect was practically ex empt from military duty. The Spiritu alists are reported as having increased their churches from 11 to 18 and their membership from 6,275 to 6.070 since 1860. They have, however, 95 organisa tions (meeting, wc suppose, in rented build ings) and a large class of* believers and scmi-convcrts who arc ashamed to confess their belief. The Tuitnriafts are virtually at a standstill in membership, though much richer in money, and the Vniversalita have declined largely in members, although their es'a’e has trebled in value.— New Yvrk World. Cheap Barom iter. —Put a small quan tity of finely pulverised alum in a clean bottle; fill the bottle with spirits of wine. The alum will be perfectly dissovled and in clear weather, the liquid will be as transparent ns the purest water. On the approach of rain or cloudy weather, the alum will be seen like a flaky, spiral cloud, ip the centre of the flpid, reaching from the bottom to the surface. The indica tions of this barometer can be relied upon with confidence. To Wash Oil Cloths-—Take equal parts of skimmed milk and water, wipe

dry; never use soap. Varnish them once a year. After being varnished they should be perfectly dry before using. Girls at Bkkakpast Timr.—Some body writes: ‘‘A girl who looks like a fury or sloven in the morning is not to be trusted, however finely she may look In the evening. * Manufacture of Gold Leaf. The process of gold-beating is exceed ingly interesting in its various details, and is one which requires the exercise of much judgement, physical force and mechanical skill. The coin is first reduced in thick ness by being rolled through what is known us a “mill,” a machine consisting of iron rollers operated by steam power. It is then annealed by being subjected to intense heat which softens the metal. It is next cut up and placed in jars containing nitro murialic acid, which dissolves the gold, and reduces it to a moss resembling In dian pudding, both in color and in form. This solution is next placed in a jar with copperas, which separates the gold from the other components of the mass. The next process is to properly alloy the now pure gold, after which it is placed in cru cibles and melted, from which It is poured into iron moulds called ingots, which measure ten inches in length by one inch in breadth and thickness. When cooled it is taken out in the shape of bars. These burs are then rolled into what is called a “ribbon, usually measuring about eight yards in length, of the thickness of ordi nary paper, an retaining their original width. These “ribbons” are then cut into pieces and inch and a quarter square, and placed in what is culled a “cutcb,” which consist of a puck of French paper leaves resembling parchment, each leaf three inches square, and the pack measuring from three quarters of an inch to an inch in thickness. They are then beaten for half an hour upon a granite block, with * hammers weighing from twelve to fifteen pounds, after which they arc taken out and placed in another pack of leaves called a “shoder.” These leaves arc four and a half inches square, and the gold in the i “shoder is beaten for four hours with . hammer weighing about nine pounds. 1 After being beaten in this manner, the • gold leaves are taken out of the “shoder*” i and placed in what arc called “molds.” . The “molds" consist of packs of leaves i similar to other pucks, and made of the stomach of an ox. After being made i ready in the “molds,” the gold is beaten for four hours more with hammers weigh i ing six or seven pounds each. The leaf. , after being taken out of the “mold,” is cut . into squares of three and three-eighths inches, and placed in “books” of common paper. The Aurora Borealis. 1 This phenomena is supposed to be due * to the passage of electric currents through the higher regions of the atmosphere—the different colors manifested being produced by the passage of the electricity through 1 air of different densities. In the northern 1 hemisphere it appears always in the North; ' hut in the southern hemisphere It appears ' in the South; it seems to originate at or near the poles of the earth, and conse • quently it is seen in greatest perfection within the arctic and antarctic circles. ’ The aurora is not a local phenomenon ; 1 it is seen simultaneously at places widely I remote from each other, as in Europe and ‘ America. The general bight of the aurora is sup -1 posed to be between one and two hundred miles above the surface of the earth ; but 1 it sometimes appears within the regions of ! the clouds. Auroras occur more frequently in the 1 winter than in summer, and are seen only 1 at night. They affect, in a peculiar man ner the magnetic needle and the electric 1 telegraph, and as the disturbances occa sioned in the instruments are noticed by ‘ day as well as Ly night, there can be no doubt of the occurrence of the aurora at all hours, the intense light of the sun render -1 ing it invisible by day. It has often been asserted, and on good 1 authority, that sounds have been heard attending the phenomenon of the aurora, like the rustling of silk or the crackling of fire. There is a difference of opinion on 1 this point. Auroras seem subject to variation in their appearance, extending through a circle of years. From 1705 to 1752 the northern lights became more frequent; but after that, for a period, they were rarely seen. Since 1820 they have been 1 quite frequent and brilliant.— Well* Nat ural Phifoxnphy. \ ■ To Remove Molei from the Face. Our correspondents frequently inquire how to do this. We find the following in an exchange, and give it for their benefit and what it is worth : “ Indies have a horror of those black eminences on the face called moles. Keen homely men dislike them, but there they ordinarily remain as guides in giving a description of an ap plicant for a passport. A mole is a thick ening of the epidermis, or outer skin, probably induced by an obstruction in the outward ends of a cluater of audoric ducts or awoet tubes To be clear of them readily, run a fine needle through oocsido to the other. Let an assistant take hold of both ends of the needle and pull, so as to make a neck of clear skin at its base. It ia neither painful, difficult, nor attended with htnlly a tinge of blood. Next ligate that neck behind the out-dragged mole with a delicate, strung, waxed silk thread that cuts off the circulation ; clip away the unused thread and wait the reault. A •light local inflammation ensues, which is the gluing together the new surface of the stretched *kin. In a few days the old offense drops off, deprived of nutrition, leaving no acar. If a little reddish by the remains of a subsiding inflammation, wet the spot occasionally with cold water. Proceed to the next, and the next seriatim. Before aware of it any mule disfigured face may become as good as new.” A Reflection.—Moat men wish to stand well with the world, yet in thcaa days of heavy assessments, how few of ua there are who would not much rather be under-rated than over-rated. i No lie ran be dangerous unless it be the likeness of some truth. The Criminal Lawyer. Last week, at the commencement of the University of Michigan, one of the law professors, Charles A. Kent. Ksq., deliver ed to a graduating class some observations upon the practice of the law, which have general importance and application. They relate to the license taken by sumo un worthy members of the bar, in the defease of criminals. This license has been pushed so far that the public begins to understand the title “Criminal Lawyer" as meaning a lawyer who ia the accomplice or abetter of criminals in their depredations on the public. Professor Kent says: Some theories of the duties of an advo cate. which, if not openly defended, are yet sometimes followed in practice by law yen of eminence, are doing much to bring the whole profession under just public con demnation. The true theoiy of the duty of an advocate, vit: That he ia bound, as are the judge and jury, to give a client, however unworthy may be hia case, the benefit of e'.ery legal right, ia one hard for the general public to appreciate But when this theory is construed to mean that a lawyer may do everything for his client that can bo done without involving himself in legal penalties; when he ia ex cused for availing himself of the services of those whom he knows to be violating the law iu the aid they afford, when he is allowed to use every ingenuity to shut out from the jury every man fit to be a jury man, and to obtain a jury capable of being influenced by the lowest motives; when he is thought excusable fur winking at, if not encouraging perjury in his own witnesses; when he is allowed to seek to break down the testimony of the most truthful witnen cs on the other side by brow-beating, by cunning tricks, or by unfounded insinua tions; when all these things are done in defense of the worst causes and the most notorious criminal", then indeed the indig nation and contempt of all honest men ought to bo excited. Men who do such things, under whatever name of duty to clients, are the enemies of society. How ever able and brilliant they may be, they ought to receive public reprobation. Es pecially they ought to be openly condemn ed by all honest lawyers. Otherwise the whole bar is judged by their standards and condemned by the moral sense of the com munity. The causes which lead lawyers to extravagant theories of duties to clients in conflict with the public interest and with justice, arc very strong. The repu tation of an advocate is made by his suc cess. The means of success are scrutinis ed by hut few. Clients who have cases which can he carried only by unworthy acts are willing to pay for success liberally. Murderers wid not biggie about the feesof a lawyer whose skill enables them to defy i justice. These influences can be aueccas . fully resisted ouly by the development and maintenance of ■ healthy moral sentiment in the profession, which shall bring dis grace upon every one who defiles himself with practices unworthy of it. A Cure for Cancer. The following direction for the cure of cancer has been published from time to time in the Philadelphia hedger and other papers, and we arc assured by Mr. Mark ■ Bassett, from whom wo have received it, that he knows the prescription to be effect ive, having by it cured a cancer on bis face, years sgo. It has also been success fully used by a number of others. The item is as follows; “The Milwsukie Democrat states that some eight months ago, Mr. T. B. Mason, who keeps a music store on Wisconsin St. ascertained that he bad a cancer on his face the siic of a pin. It was cut out by Or. Walcott, and the wound partially healed. Subsequently, it grew again, and while he was at Cincinnati on business it attained the sise of a hickory nut. He ■ remained there since Christmas, under treatment, end is now perfectly cured. The process is this: A piece of sticking plaster was pul over the cancer, and a cir cular piece cut out of the centre, a little larger than the cancer, ao that the cancer and a small circular rim of healthy skin next to it was exposed. Then a plaster made of chloride of line, blood-root and wheat flour, was spread on a piece of mus lin the site of this circular opening, and applied to the cancer for twenty-four houn. On removing it the cancer will be found burnt into, and appear of the color and hardness of an old shoe sole, and the cir cular rim outaide of it will appear while and par-boiled, as if scalded by hot steam. The wound ia now dressed and the outaide rim soon separates, and the cancer cornea out in a hard lump, and the place heals up. The plaster kills the cancer ao that it sloughs out like dead flesh, and never grows again. The remedy was discovered by Dr. Fell, of London, and has been used by him for six or eight yean with unfail ing success, and not a case has been known of the reappearance of the cancer when this remedy has been applied." Five Steps to the Gallows.—A man who had committed murder, was tried, found guilty and condemned to be banged. A few days before his execution, he drew upon the wall of hia prison coll a gallows with five steps leading up to it. Ob the first he wrote disobedience to parents. The second step, Sabbath breaking. On the third stop, gambling and drunk enness. On the fourth step murder. On the fifth step was the platform on which the gallows stood This poor fellow doubtlcae wrote the history of many a wasted and lost life, Bt-ss and Scald*.—Every family ahould have a preparation of flaxaeed oil, chalk and vinegar about the consistency of thick paint, constantly on hand for burns and scalds. A noted retired physician states that he has used it in hospital and private practice for the peat forty years, and believes that no application can com pare with it, at regards relief of pain and curative results. VOL. VIII.—NO. 23. gttUir Affairs. History of Catoetia Furnace. The Clarion of lust week give* a loop history of this great Frederick county Iron Furnace, from which we extract the fol lowing : The ore banks along the foot hills of the Oatoctm Mountains were discovered about one hundred years ago, and the first furnace commenced on a small scale in 1776, by Col. Baker Johnson, of Freder ick. At first they were conducted on a very limited scale, and gradually increased as time rolled on. About the beginning of the present century the works passed into the hands of Blackford k Thorn burgh, and some of the stovea, dutch ovens, kettles, pots, waffle irons, etc., man ufactured by them are still in existence. These works were then purchased about the year 1810, by Willoughby Mayberry, and conducted by him fur a decade of years, with not as successful a result, ow ing to bad management. an<l they were sold at trustee’s sale, on the 2d of May, 1820, and were purchased by John Brien i for about $35,000. Mr. B. made consid erable improvement, was a good manager, full of energy and spirit, and it is said that bis annual income was $50,000, clear of , all expenses. In 1837 he died, and the property passed into the hands of bis sons Henry and John McPherson Brien. fin der them the Furnance was not so success ful.and in 1841—43 it was purchased by Peregrine Fitxhugh for about $50,000, who managed the works for about 17 years, but without success. The works were again sold at tnistee's sale, in No vember, 1859, when Col. J. T. Sinn was the purchaser, at $52,000. The Colonel then sold the property the same or subse quent day to Mr. John Kunkel, of Freder ick, who re-sold the Furnance and the 1 whole apparatus connected therewith to the 1 Hun. Jacob M. Kunkel and hia brother, 1 J. Baker Kunkel. and it was afterwards • sold in entirety to the present proprietor, ' Mr. J. Baker Kunkel, who has labored with untiring diligence in bringing the ■ works up to their present high state of ' prosperity. The latter has made many I improvements, and is now engaged in ■ erecting a new Anthracite Furnance, the • cost of which will be near SIOO,OOO. It • is estimated that four or five times the 1 amount of Pig Iron will be turned out per ■ week, when this Furnace is completed, to what is now being manufactured. The whole Catoctin Furnace Tract now 1 comprises over 11.000 acres, and it is es timated that this New Furnace when com pleted will turn out from 25 to 30 tona of r Pig Iron per day, or 140 to 180 tons per week—provided the ore is of good quality. ■ That is the calculation. In running the I Furnace 300 tons of Anthracite Coal will : be consumed per month. r Salary of Congress. The compensation of members of Con gress was first fixed by the act of September 22d, 1789, which directed that until Mar. 4, 1795, each Senator and member should receive $6 for every day of attendance, and $6 for every twenty miles of the es timated distance by the most usual road ’ from bis residence to the seat of Congress. In case of detention from Congress by Ul ' ness, the allowance was to be continued. This act also provided that after March 4, 1795, each Senator should receive $7 a day and $7 for every twenty miles traveled. A new act, dated March 10, 1796, fixed ' the pay of memben of both houses at $6 a day and s6fur every twenty miles traveled. 1 On July 6ljr, 1797, a taw was passed giv ing the above pay and mileage to the members of the extra session of that year. 1 The next legislation on the subject was contained in an set making the pay of members of Congress SISOO per annum, but this law was repealed February 6th, 1817. The law of January 22d, 1818, gave $8 a day pay, and $8 mileage for every twenty miles traveled. The next change was made by the act of August 19th, 1856, which fixed the pay at S6OOO for two years, and $3 mileage for two ses sion only. A few yean ago the compen sation of memben of Congress was raised to SSOOO per annum, with mileage of be- ■ fore. The last Congress placed the pay at S7S(H) per annum, without mileage, but actual traveling expenses arc allowed ; and this by a sort of “double back-action'’ movement, was earned back over both sessions of the last Congress, giving the liberal Congressmen about SSOOO extra a piece. I m Coins roa tux Curious.—lt may not be generally known that the new coinage ' act which went into effect on the second of April, abolished the silver five-cent and three-oent pieces. They are not to be coined hereafter, and they are likely to gain increased numismatic value from that | fact, especially those struck during the first three months of this year, as being the last issued, besides being fewer in number than any ftrll year. A young woman, while eating a atew, in Middletown, Conn., the other evening, complained that one of the oysters was full of bones, and careful, if not attractive, examination showed that it contained forty five pearls, varying in site from a pea to a pin’s head. Under the influence of light and air petroleum absorbs a certain proportion of oxygen, and gives the reactions of oaone. In this state it Is yellow and bums poorly. The proper way to’avoid the change is to preserve the oil in metalic vessels. A Maine girl lost one of her ear-rings , 011 the road in a recent snow-storm, and a day or two after a neighbor’s horse picked it up, and it was found in a snow-ball knocked from hia hoof. A lady in Edinburgh wears a mole-akin mantle, manufactured from the costa of nearly six hundred moles captured on her own property. Brigham Young jnd the Xormeaa. After twenty-nine yean of active service as President and Prophet of the Mormons, Brigham Young baa resigned his position of Trustee of the Mormon Church, and will in the course of a few days seek some new K1 Dorado beyond tbs reach of rai roads and commerce. The (Ace of “Trus tee in Trust" from which he has retired was instituted for the purpose of centralis ing the financial and commercial power of the Salt Lake community. In the hands of “the Prophet,” the oficc was made to minister not only to the requirements of ill “the faithful," but also to the personal interests of “Brother Brigham.” He has had complete control of the “Church" funds, for which he has never rendered an account, and even if he has been honest, the use of millions of money for yeats would easily amount to several millions of dollars. These emoluments be now re linquishes, giving up with them his tem poral power, so to speak, in order that he may be able to devote himself to the duties which he calls spiritual. His contemplated flight to Ariaona, it seems to us, will be only the commence ment of a gradual evacuation of all Mormonucm to that territory, and of their final settlement in Mexico. Some time since, the appearance of numerous Mor mons in the country of the ancient Aatecs was noted, and it is now supposed that they were the advance guard or the pioneers of a considerable caravan to fol low, of the most conspicuous polygamic brethren. The cause of the departure of the Mor man Prophet, with hia hierarchy, at an early day, for Arixona, is not dilficult to understand. Railroads and Mormon ism are antagonistic; therefore, when the Pacific Railroad and the territorial lines connecting with it reached Utah, a decisive blow was given to the heathenish institution that seemed to flourish there ; while the opening of silver and gold mines caused an immense influx of gentiles, who have ever since their advent continued to obstruct the business of the “Saints," by obliging them to give them some represen tation in the administration of affairs. The determination of the United States Court, and the cognisance that enlarged powers were recently given said court for the express purpose that the law might be meted out to polygamists, is also a good reason way the leaders of the Salt Lake community should feel anxious to fold up their tents “and silently steal away.” The excuse of Brigham that ho is get ting old, and should leave to younger men the carrying out of the doctrines and work he has inculcated—and by appointing as President to succeed him George A. Smith, who is now in Europe—is a sure sign of the bursting of the bubble. Mormonism, which has been our shame at home and our dishonor abroad, is now to be removed from the fair escutcheon of our country, for ere many months those who do not accompany Brigham to hia new Jerusalem will, in consequence of their contact with civilisation, abandon polygamy rather tfaau sacrifice their comfortable homes, and embrace the enlarged liberty and chances of prosperity which will be thein under a gentile government. —New York Exprat. A Lucky Hunt One of the few examples of truth that matches fiction appears in a story recently told by the Osceola (M 0.,) Democrat, of two hunters who found more luck than game: Within the post ten days two gentlemen of this county concluded to ■—kw a short hunt and see what success they would have knowing that game of all kinds was abun dant . Having made all necessary prepara tion the day before, they started one morn- • ing at the break of day. About sunrise they came across a flock of wild turkeys, but the turkeys were rather too sharp to be caught napping. They followed them for some time, paying no attention to smaller game. At length they gave up the chase and concluded to shoot the first thing they saw that had feathers or hair. It was not long before they espied a squirrel going up a hollow tree. After reaching tha spot, one of the party remained at the hole, ‘while the other proceeded to cut a forked stick, with which to screw him out. Hav ing secured the desired instrument, they proceeded to clear away the rubbish pre paratory to securing the prise, and one of the gentlemen put his band in the hollow tree and palled oat a considerable quantity of leaves and rotten wood, when be got hold of something which aeeaud to be a tin box, and so stated to hia companion, whose curiosity was considerably aroused. After further digging with his fingers the box was brought forth and found to contain something heavier than lead, at the gentleman remarked. It was not her metically sealed, but soldered, and on shak ing it something inside rattled. Thereupon they proceeded to break it open, when to their astonishment, out rolled the yellow boys. The money was then counted, and . it proved to be an even $3,000 in gold. Each of the gentlemen took $1,500, and gave up hunting any ftuther that day. The treasure, as is supposed, was secreted there during the late war, and of coarse its history remains unknown. The lucky hunters have safely deposited it, by agreement, for a certain length ol time, when, if the owner is not found, they propose appropriating it to their own nae and benefit. A vessel loaded with oranges and lemons having been wrecked on the Delaware coast last week, her cargo was distributed through the Peninsula. Two hundred and sixty boxes feO to our share, and it was n novelty to see oranges selling cheaper than apples in our market—tas than a- sent a piece -Ora.ftrii, CkromOe. Speculation in lots has already com meneed at Kehohoth ihe r nfridi re sort. Poncas who bought lots early Ira cost.

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