Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate, May 3, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate dated May 3, 1873 Page 4
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ty, ivm h—l'< • • tatOMStbQM whoa Fate gather 'round you pSach S your chck. And Iho bloom that your ladyship wars, Be at nauf bt la the eywt of rout Mftkftr- SoU>a*t *r, a putting on airs’ The riches of khla world are imnaicat. Amt oft of a sudden take win# \nd you never can b* very certain What luck the next moment may brinf. the stain; | Don't be aftmht of a hand that la honeet, And doatfoa putting on atm ’ jhe Jarett CATTLE BBEEUOTG. The following commonieation from one of the moot experienced cattle raiser* in Washington count;, or indeed in thU sec tion of tits Union, is from the columns of the Hagerstown Herald and Torch : BuMuriCLD, March 31st. 1873. Messes. Ewtors As an old breeder of choice blooded cattle, about to relinquish the business into the hoods of m; sons, I desire to so; a few words through the me dium of your valuable paper, for the benefit and encouragement of those who may have engaged, or tint may contemplate engaging in the same business. To do this will not be considered egotis tical, when I say that through the course of a long period of successful stock-raising, I have never sought the public prints as a means of obtaining notoriety, except thro' the unquestionable channel of advertising. Of this source, perhaps through mistaken ideas, I have not availed myself sufficiently, but still enough to attain, 1 hope, some thing more than a local celebrity. Fifty six years ago, when qnite a young man, I became convinced of the unprofitable char acter of stock-raising then, and still, to a great extent, prevalent among our farmers, and perceived the avenue which was open to the breeder of superior Stock. Full of the enthusiasm of youth, I solicited and obtained tike permission of my father to embark in what was then considered in my neighborhood as somewhat of a visionary scheme, and have never since found cause to regret my choice. All that I have ever invested in the business, has returned a much larger per oent. than any money that I ever invented in any thing else. I have dealt chiefly in but two kinds, the Taetwater and the Durham. Without entering into any discussion as to their relative merit*, I may state, that I found both profitable. I commenced with the former breed and continued with it for forty years. During the last sixteen years of my life, I have been rearing the Dur ham variety. The advantages of the im proved breeds over the common, are so many and obvious, and have been so often stated that it seems superfluous for mo to do so, especially since they are not serious ly disputed by intelligent farmers. Some of them, however, are superior milking qualities, larger bone, better muscle, grea ter capacity for taking on fat, superior form and make up, better quality of flesh, consequently higher prices for it, and greater returns for careful feeding and handling. 1 have frequently sold steers of from four to flve year* of ago that weighed from twenty-six to twenty-seven hundred pounds, while those of my neighbors of the same age, (but natives ) and raised and fattened at the same, or, perhaps huger cost, would weigh probably one-balf the above figures. Raising and fattening ■teen for market haa been the principal part of the business with me, together with the occasional sale of young stock at good figures. When I say that my steers, with about the same cost as three of my neighbors, have produced double weight, with from one and one-third to one and one-half times aa much per pound a* theirs, an; persons of ordinary ability can readily see that if there were any profits in fottenipg cattle, X must have come in for my full •hare. In my varied experience in this business, I have found that care in select ing pure breed regardless of cost, is one of the great essentials of success. My first purchase was from Mr. John Mason, next from William Sprigg, then old Mr. John Breathed, uncle of the present Mr. John W. Breathed, attd Col. Fiuhogh When I commenced raising Durhsms, I bought from the celebrated Herd of the Hon. Henry Clay, Ashland. Kentucky. My advice to young fanners would be, invest all your surplus capita! in a pair of pure bloods rather than in a half-doaen of the common mixed cattle John Schnbblv. Evkblaitino Fincx Posts.—l dis severed many yean ago that wood could he made to last longer than iron in the pound, but thonght the process was so simple and inexpensive that it was not worth while making any stir about it. I would aa soon have poplar, basswood or quaking ash aa any other kinds of timber for fence posts. I have taken out bass wood posts after having been set seven years that were aa sound when taken up as when they were first put in the ground. Tim# and weather seemed to B*v* no effect on them. The posts can he prepared for less than two cents apiece. “ For the benefit of others I will give the recipe:—Take boiled linseed oil and stir in it pulverised charcoal to the consis tency of paint. Put a coat of this over the timber, and there is not a man that will lire to see it rotten. — Cm. Watem Rural. Curb fob Spavin.—Dissolve one ounce of ssl ammoniac in one pint of strong ci der vinegar, the stronger the better; sat urate the spavin and rub well with the hand three times a day. I cured a curb in this way on a four-year old colt that Was quite lame. The lameness ws* gone in about ten days, but it took three or four mouths to remove the bunch. It wW not (rite the hair off, 1 worked her lightly most of the time, but would rec ommend rent. I have known two others to be cured in this way, and recommend It as a safe and cheap remedy. It ie good for sprains or (muses on man or beast. This is for spavin lately started, for it is a hard matter to cure spavin or ringbone after they have it a year or two, and then the bttueh cannot be taken off. If rightly managed they are ail curable when they first appear. > ' _,, fe How to Color Bcttbr.—Take one huge carrot to <m gallon of cream ; grate the carrot into about one plot of sweet milk; let it stand five or six boors, then : anas the milk sad carrot juice through a 1 1 'Ah cloth into TOW cream—churn aO Co-j I JJLimwjßßil!iiNtujwu j.i ..an i . i SILK AMD WOOL. 1 1 Abstract of a Report Made to the AgricuUur- i , al Society of Philadelphia, April 2, by , Dr. Edmund 0. Evans, Mr. Harry Inger- j toll and Mr. Paschal! Morris, a Committee j Appointed at the Previous Meeting to Re port on Silk and Wool. SILK IN TUB UNITED STATES. Sheep were introduced into the Ameri can colonies first in Virginia in lUOU, and somewhat later into Massachusetts', and the growth both of wool and silk was en couraged in the Colonial days from the North to the South. But the prod uction I and manufacture of wool were better' un derstood by the earlier settlers, and wool being more suited to the necessities of a uow country, received more general en couragement. It has been shown by Congressional and other authorities that silk has been suc cessfully cultivated iu man; of the States from their earliest settlement. A report, or “silk manuel,” containing a great deal of information on the silk culture, was prepared by Dr. Mease for Mr. Rush, Sec retary of the Treasury, in 1828. A report wn* also made to Congress by Mr. Adams, in 1837: and from these reports it will be seen, in the words of Mr. Adams, “that it is certain this country can successfully compete with others in the culture and manufacture of silk." We learn from these, and other author ities, that silk was largely and successfully cultivated in the days of the Colonies; that in Virginia, in 1664, plantations of the mulberry tree, for silk culture, were made on a very Urge scale, one person having 70,000 of these growing on a plantation ; that Charles 11. wore silk grown in Vir ginia ; that both in Georgia, in 1732, and in South Carolina, as early as 1753, silk was successfully grown, and vet; Urgcly ; and that experienced reelers were imported from Picdmond and Italy into Georgia; that its culture was commenced in Penn sylvania in 1769, at Gwynnedd and at Philadelphia quite Urgely,—so that gar ments were worn by many persons made of silk grown at those places. Seventy yards of Mantua silk were made in 1770, in Columbia, Lancaster county, by Miss W right, from her own cocoons One of the Royal family of England wore a court dress from silk grown in j Chester county about 1770-71. In Con-' nectieut the silk culture commenced in j 1760, and has been continued iu that State from that day to the present time. Many ; families iu Mansfield, Connecticut, made annually from five to fifty, and even one hundred (wounds of reeled silk. During the late War with England, Mr. Chidsey, of Cayuga, N. Y , sold sewing silk to the value of S6OO a year, of his own growth and make. A lady now living in Camden, a native of Connecticut, from a mulberry tree growing in her own yard, grows suffi cient silk from that one tree to supply her family with sewing silk. From 1833 to 1840 a great speculation in Morns Multicanlis. which involved many ; in ruin, led to the abandonment of the cul tivation of the mulberry tree, and conse-1 queut decadence of tbe silk culture At i this time, however, it is reviving in Cali fornia and Kansas, and must, eventually : become a staple article of produce in this country. There is no production of agriculture i which gives so quick a return to the far mer, and with so little risk of loss, and I which requires so little capital, as that of tbe silk culture. From the time the egg is hatched, until the cocoon is perfected, and the worm becomes the butter-fly. and lays its eggs, but from six to seven weeks elapse. We have seen that it is adapted to this ■ climate, from the great lakes to the Gulf, 1 and from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The culture being so readily acquired and so quickly completed, the wonder is that the ! silk culture has so long been allowed to slumber The Japanese merchants im-, ■ port silk worms’ egp into California, and j get eggs from tbe first succeeding genera . tion for export to France, this in order to fit them the better for the French climate | This is another proof of the adaptation of . our climate to the culture of silk. In Cali I fornia large operations are going on in the silk culture, and in tbe production of eggs fur exportation ; and in Kansas a French silk grower and manufacturer is conduct ing a large and successful business in this industry. He has imported skilled work men, and also machinery from France. The manufacture of silk fabrics is in creasing. In New England, New York, I Pennsylvania and New Jersey, not less than 6,318 persons are employed in this I . manufacture, who receive wages to the amount of 91,882,796 a year, having a capital of $5,784,630, and producing silk goods to the aggregate value of about $12,-; 000,000. To Mr. Lorin Biodget we are indebted for the following account: In the last fiscal year ending June 30,1,063,- . 609 pounds of raw silk were imported for the supply of these factories. Besides, this, we imported in tl# same year $36,- 448,718 value of manufactured silk, and re-exported but $283,327 of manufactured •ilk, showing a consumption in the United States of $48,000,000 of silk, which last year paid a duty of 60 per cent.; while i the raw silk was received free of duty, not qnite fair pis; to tbe silk-grower. We re- i ' ceivo our new silk at present from Japan. Chinn and Italy. Forages silk has been cultivated in Ja pan, China, India, Persia, Turkey, Greece, Germany, Italy, England and France. In i Europe its production is mostly by family ■ culture, which can be done with great I * economy, * Why, then, should not the people of the > United States grow and make silk ? We J are told that the great obstacle in the way I of this, as well aa other ol our industries, r is the cheapness of what is familiarly called r the pauper labor of England and Prance. <• Our workingmen, we are told, are too well II fed, and in tbe enjoyment of sneb high 0 living, that they require high pay, and, * therefore, the productions of this high -0 priced home labor must be protected by n government, against the low-priced pro -■ duetions of tbe so-called pauper labor in * England and France. Hence, nothing “ can be done in the way of these industries *■ without a protective tariff. The English !r laborers, these protectionists assert, live on lt what would starve an American, and that " they cat meat hot once a month, and such like stories. But is there anywhere in the world a more vigorous, healthy-looking * people than the English farm-laborers, men and women ? Certainly there ia not. This itself should be sufficient to show that this * story haa no foundation for it. b But from the best authority we learn 1 that the English laborer ia nearly as well 8 off as the American in the amount of r money he has laid up from his yearly wa -1 • r This notion about pauper labor is gen ■ erally credited, and has been productive 1 of much injury to the general prosperity J of our country, and, indeed, of its various 1 industries, and if not based on reality, its * falsities should ho exposed. Bather, then, * than ascribe our difficulties and inability ! to get along withont protection from the , government, to the competition of pauper labor, let us ray that England’s superiority to tbe various industries, with the products of which they can a fiord to supply us so cheaply, is due to the superior thrift of her merchants and peopfe, to her enor mous and active capital, which rales the commercial world, ever able and ready to I seek investment in Asia, Europe, Africa t sod America. Her superiority is due to i her wealth, and not to her pauper labor Those found in England's workshops sre : skilled workmen, not paupers. The pan- 1 per* do not work. It is the superior skill j of her workmen with which our workmen ' moat compete, as i* shown by our anxiety 1 ~ r to get them here Her prosperity, which is very great, is evinced by her enormous trade, which is more than double that of I j the United States. This c*n only be de-! i rived from well-paid labor. It is a com ! mon aaying in England that “ the higher | the rent the lower the wages. Wo refer : for price of wages and rate of hiring of | the English laborers to a book, entitled j “ Work and Wages," by Mr, Brassey, M. i F-. and to Mr. Kebbles work, entitled The Agricultural Laborer." also, to the I report of Mr, Mudgc, United -States Com i uiissiouor to the Paris Exposition iu 1867, and to the report of Mr. Kortright, Brit ish Consul at Philadelphia, published in the “ Press" December 8, 1871, for infor mation as to wages and hiring in England and France. From these it will be seen that the English laborer ia quite as well off at the end of the yearas the American, perhaps better, taking into consideration his expenses and general tine of living. For example, a factory girl gets from $3.48 to $4.30 a week ; an English farm laborer, with his children (under age) gets from £7O to £IOO. say from S4OO to $575 a year. In all parts of England the peasan try' have money in the savings hanks. The Lancashire laborer has meat three times a day; the Leicester laborer once a day. In the poorer districts, even Wilt shire, for example, those who havu a poor diet, have money in the bank, so that their want of meal, tea and coffee is not from necessity, but choice—thrift Kebble puts the wages of a man and his three sons at £lO3, about S6OO. The truth is, the women and children are workers, and not idlers, as is the case in must localities in this country. Mr. Mudge confirms this statement. He says a Yorkshire workman will earn sixteen shilling week, about $4.50. In this industry (woolen) he says “ a Yorkshire workman will consume ani mal food at least twice a day, be respecta bly clothed, have some luxuries, and accu mulate savings." Mr. Brassey explains, and Mr. Mudge coincides with him in the opinion that the advantage England has over us and other countries iu the cheap ness and quality of her productions is in her great abundance of capital and cor responding low rate of interest rather than in low wages, and quotes tbe mean rate of interest for the last fifteen years to bo ; jln England,4.o2 percent.; inFrance4.l6 per cent,; in the United States, 9.12 per cent.; and quotes, also, the saying of i Burke: " The powers of capital are irre | sistible in trade; it domineers, it rules, it j even tyrannises, it entices the strong, and j rontrois the weak. ’ Mr, Kortright, in his official report, ' draws a comparison between the wages and living of an American mechanic, and thaae of an Englishman in England. Ho puts the cost of living of the American, his wife and throe children, including rent and clothes, at 814.42 per week ; that of the Englishmen at $8.62. The wages of the American he puts at $3.38 per day ; of tbe Englishman. $1.87 per day. This is slightly in favor of the American, con sidering both board and wages. The wa ges of the American, however, he puts much too high, and the coet of living of j himself and family too low. 8o of the | Pennsylvania farm laborer; his statement I of wages at $26.50 per month, with board | and lodging, is at least $6.00 above the ; rate. i The census returns show that the aver ’ age of wages per year received by the j Pennsylvania farm laborer of I’ennsylva i nia is but S9O, or about thirty cents per ■ day, when fonnd. The average wages of the silk-factory operatives is but $267.31 . ; a year, and of other factories about the j same. This is exclusive of board, wbic’a, ; at the low price of 84.00 per week, will leave them hardly SSO for clothing, and ! nothing to save. In Lowell, it is said, not | more than half the operatives have any- I thing at the end of the year, whilst the ■ other half arc in want. Pauper labor af fords a good argument for protectionists. ) The committee, however, do not advise | the investment of large money capital in 1 | silk culture, and hiring large numbers of operatives, but to restrict it to families by I appropriating their surplus lime. The many idlers who arc always found about I the homestead, whn will not, or can not i do hard work, could be utilised much to | the advantage of themselves and their families. The amount of money required fur this sort of culture is very small; the outlay being chiefly fur planting mulberry trees in the house-yard and along fences, and for tbe shelves or frames fur the silk j worm. Reeling can be done at public | filatures, to be established in the towns > and villages, and the silk either sold or j exchanged fgr store goods, or returned i home for family use. In Connecticut it was quite usual to exchange reeled silk for i store goods, and receive whatever change | there might he in good silver coin. There are many charitable asylums, where the time of the iumatea being employed in the silk culture, would be well remunerated in the cultivation of the mulberry tree and silk. With a filatory or reeling machine in the asylum, the inmates would find agreeable and profitable occupation in reel ing the silk from the cocoons; after this, with the spinning wheel. Introduced in this small way, families throughout the j country, would doubtless soon follow the , example set by the asylums, and thus, I without distracting labor from other iudus {tries, a production of great value, might 1 iu a few years be realised, and the women ; of families be amply repaid for their in j dustry. i Raw silk is worth, on an average, about eight dollars per pound, and the product of i an acre of Morns Multicanlis. is variously , estimated at from 40 to 108 pounds of i reeled silk, by the authorities quoted by ■ Mr. Rush. In California, the product is i put at 640 pounds of reeled silk per acre , (sec Agricultural Report for 1870) equal, 1 according to the California estimate, to • 12,350 net, according to Mr. Rush, to I from $320 to $1,024 per acre. The coet i of carrying on this culture by families, as , here recommended will be little or nothing. The Agricultural Census tables state the f number of farms in the United States and ► Territoriea at 2,659,985, of which 174,000 a are in Pennsylvania Taking ibe latter aa g onr basis of a calculation, and allowing but s twenty-five ponods of reeled ailk, for the h product of each family; we abouid have a a product of 4,330,025 pounds of reeled silk ■t as the aggregate product, worth at SB.OO h per pound $35,000,1)00; a sum greater e than all the raw ailk, composing all the g silk goods now consumed in the United n States. It is easily seen, that by its gen a eral introduction among families, what an ■ enormous production we should have in five or ten years from this time. But we a must first proceed to plant the mulberry II tree about farms, along fences or in yards, f and also to plant cuttings, and seed also, i- for future supply. In France, owners of mulberry trees, - who do not require them for silk culture, 9 sell tbe leaves to the silk eulturists, and f thus realise cash at but little cost to them i selves. It will be seen how lucrative i might be the mulberry culture, even to , those who do not propose to grow silk. i Kkhedt toe Scratches.—One of my , horses became badly affected with scruteh i es. Washing with soap seemed to do lit tle good, and the ankle was badly scabbed, i I directed my man to keep is constantly washed clean, and in addition to wash it with a solution of chloride of lime, about a good tea spoonful dissolved in a tea cop of water. In three days the disease was cured. An English farmer who has kept sheep I for forty years says he has found reek salt I a valuable antidote to liver rot, and that | these animals cannot be too lib-rally sup- I plied with this saving substance. "I ' !'■"-■ '"U'l. ' . J"—- TO FARMERS. j 1873. “EXCELSIOR," 1873. < vmpontd of SOO pounds of No. 1 Peruvian Ouano, and IWO pound* of Soluble Fhos phots of Lime , {bonce dissolved in sulphuric acid ,) Potash and Soda, Forming the moat concentrated, universal and durable fertilizer.ever offered to the farmer combining all the dtimulating qualities of Pe ruvian Guano, and the ever durable Fertilizing properties of Bones. Excelsior is in fine dry powder, prepared expressly for drilling, and can be applied in any quantity however small, per acre ; and it is the opinion of many close calculating Farmers, after Fourteen veers ex perience in testing it side by side with other popular fertilizers, that an application of iUO pounds of Excelsior is equal to from *2OO to 800 pounds of any other fertilizer or guano offered for sale, therefore is fully 100 to 200 per cent, cheaper. lff&Look out for imitations and counter feits. The popularity of Excelsior has in duced unscmpulitus parties ia this and other cities to copy our trade murk, and resort to other dishonorable means co sell their worth less compounds. MriT Farmers should see that every Rag is branded as above . with the ANALYSIS and OUR NAME in RED LETTERS. All other l are counterfeits. PRICE S6O PER TON. J. J. TURNER Jt Ct)., 42 Pratt Street, Baltimore. FOB SALK BY Grimes k Stouffer, Westminster, Md. ' Zimmerman k Shultz, Svkesville, Md. i 1 W. H. B. Dorsey, Mt. Airy, Md. Samuel E. Grove, Ridgerille, Md. McComas & Bro., Hood's Mill. Md. : E. A. Talbott, Kllicott city, Md. Biggs A Alba ugh, Rocky Ridge, Md. i , Wm. H. Todd, Utica Mills, Md. Thos. F. Cover, Double Pipe Creek, Md. I mar 22-3 m WESTERN MD. COLLEGE r °R I STUDENTS OF DOTH SEXES, IN DISTINCT DEPARTMENTS. I Incorpetraled by vie/ of General Assembly . j March, 18GS. THIS Institution is eligibly located in the \ healthful and flourishing City of West j minster, in Carroll county, on the line of the j Western Maryland Railroad, about midway I between the cities of Baltimore and Hagers j town. It is under the special patronage of the i Maryland Annual Conference of the Metho -1 dist Protestant Church, but is strictly free i from any sectarianism, either in its course ot ; study or rules of discipline. Male and female students recite in separate j classes, but all have the advantage of instruc j tion from every Professor having charge ot ' the studies pursued. The Vice-Principal, (Rev. Dr. Nichols,) the Preceotress, (Miss Hence,) and several other members of the Faculty, reside in the College building, and have constant oversight j of the Boarding Students. The Cm rue or Study is thorough, under a I full and competent corps of Instructors. The Tenth Semi-Annual Session, will begin on MONDAY, February Bd. and end on THURSDAY, June 19th, 1873. EXPENSES OP SESSION: I Board, Lodging. Washing. Fuel and ) Light $90.00 ; Tuition in Preparatory Department 17.50 I Tuition in Collegiate Department... 30.00 ' Matriculation fee (payable on enter- I ing the Collegiate liepartment) 5.00 | Instruction in Music (with use of Instruments) 25.00 I Instruction in Drawing ami Painting (water colors) 10.00 | [ No extra charges for any study in the Reg- j , nlar Course. PAYMENTS : One-half at the beginning of the Session; i the other, Anril 14th, 1878. i Books ana stationery purchased of the Col- j ! lege must le paid for on delirery. For Catalogue and Circular containing full I information, address J. T. WARD. Principal, I dec 21-tf Westminster, Md. i E. O. ORIMES. K. 8. STOUFFER. ; GRIMES & STOUFFER, (Successors to E. O. Grimes,) AT THE PRINCIPAL DEPOT, Westminster, Md., ARE paying the highest prices in the market for Flour, Wheat , Com, Oats, Rye ana j Grain of all hinds. ' Also, keep constantly on hand a large supply of Liquors, Groceries, Flour, Feed, Bacon, Salt, . Fish, Farmer's Utensils, Ac., Ac., I all of which they are selling wholesale and ! ; retail at very low figures. They have on hand | a large stock of the following Guanos, and { are selling at manufacturers prices: ; Pacific, Whitelock's, More PhiUio's, Baugh's Raw-Bone. i Flour ot Bone, Coes Bradley's, Berger A Butz, Turner's Excelsior, j Sea Fowl, .' Woolston's Md. Powder of Bone, Ac., Ac. Also, 1 Oil Vitriol, Salt Cake, Ammonia and pure j ' 1 Bone for making Fertilizers, j The public generally will do well to give ! them a call before purchasing, as they intend | io sell low. 1 | N. B.—Agents for the best Blasting Paw* | der in the market, and the great Zingari Bit ► j t*rs. april 27-ly. L i H - F. H. HAINES. I HAINES & BRO., , j WHOU3II.E AXU RETAIL Ij GROCERS ! t I TJKO leave to call attention to the large , > TJ stock of Groceries, Liquors, Ac., which ’ | 'hey keep constantly on hand, at their new store a few doors east of Railroad Depot. ! Our facilities are snch as to enable us to ) offer great inducements in point of prices, as r we purchase strictly for Cash and sell at , j short orofits.

J 1 We We just received a large lot of Fresh 1 ; Fruits, consisting of fine layer Raisins, White ■ | Seedless Raisons, Carnots, Citron, and other i j Holiday Goods. , ' Our general Stock embraces a complete 5 j line of r 1 CHOICE FAMILY GROCERIES AND LIQUORS, , | QUEENSWARE, STONEWARE, GLASSWARE, 11 WILLOWWARE, . WOODENWARE, ' { HARDWARE, FISH, BACON, LARD, SALT, TAR. Also Dealers in Country Produce general ly. Very respectfully, dec 7 HAINES A BRO. COAL TAB SOK SALE. Apply to JOHN L. REIFSNIDER, President Westminster Gan Light Co. mar 16-tf Everything New. WE recently purchased a new assortment of Job Type for use during the pres mtmmtoa. j*ni LUMBER! LUMBER!! I HAVE just returned from the Lumber i Regions—and am now receiving the lar- j j gwt ieiection of LUMBER ever offered at - this pluca, at Reduced /Him consisting of j Yellow Pine, Spruce and Hemlock JOIST AND SCANTLING | of all lengths and shea, 4-4, C-4, H-4 and 8-4 I : While Pine Boards and Plank, Yellow and j j While Pine Flooring, Dreared and Undressed ! Weatherboard ing, White Pine Cypress and Chestnut Shingles, Walnut and Ash Boards and Plank, Plain and Headed Picketts, Shin gle and Plastering Laths, a prime lot of Chest nut Rails and Posts. Also all the different KINDS OF COAL , Thinking large sales with small profits bet ter than small sales with large profits, I have concluded to adopt the former as my guide, and hope 1 shall be enabled to carry it out by persons in want of anything in my line giving me a call before purchasing elsewhere. EDWARD LYNCH. Near Depot, Westminster, Md. j feh JO-tf Cabinet and Furniture ESTABLISHMENT. fTMIE undesigned. JL bought out J. J. I.fi-tcr interest in the well known Ks tabiishment of Messrs. Shorb k Leister, Main street, Westminster, West of the Railroad, will continue to keep on hand a full and com plete assortment of all kinds and styles of FURNITURE, and a full assortment of Cane and Wood Seat Chairs, Hair and Husk Mat tresses. Looking Grass Plates, Ac., which will be so|d cheap for cash. Old Cane Seat (’hairs re-seated and Furniture repaired. UNDERTAKING. Walnut and Metallic Coffins and Caskets ! on hand. Funerals attended at all times, at i short notice. | Also on hand Newel Posts. Balusters and I ) Front Door Brackets. Hand Hails worked j , to order, of all kinds of Lumber, and different j styles Brackets worked to order. All kinds of Architectural Drawings fur- I nished at short notice and at low figures. febSfetf J. J. fIHOBB* SON. E. K. GERNAND, , DEALER IN DRY GOODS, ’ j NOTIONS, QUEENSWARE, HARDWARE. HATS, | BOOTS & SHOES, Cedarware, Paints, Oils, Window Glass. AVEKILL CHEMICAL PAINT. Drugs, first-class Groceries, Ac., Ac. Corner Main and Court Streets, may 18 Westminster, Md. THE STATE OF MARYLAND MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF BALTIMORE. No. 17 South Street, Hai ti more. j This Company insures, on the mutual plan, j Buildings and Personal Property against Loss ■ or Damage by Fire, in all parts of the State. | The entire profit returned to the /Wiry holders. ! B. G. HARRIS, President. | Board of ; Francis Neale, of Neale. Harris A Co. j • S. H. Caughy, of Noah Walker A Co. C. McCullv, of Pomerait A McCullv. I Philip T. George, of George A Jenkins, i B. G. Harris, late of Neale. Harris k Co. j Hon. George Brent, Court of Appeals. I George P. Jenkins, Charles county. , George Combs. St. Mary's countv. | doc2B-ly j WM. lawyer. e. j. lawyer. Wm. Lawyer & Son, Successors to Benner A lawyer, I WHOLESALE MANUFACTURERS hi m LADIES’, MISSES’, AJiD Children’s Shoes, ! PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE Wentuiiiinter, Md. | mig 31-ly TO ERR IS HUMAN. BUT failing to call before purchasing else- j where and examining tne Stock of FURNITURE AND STOVES, 1 at ,RA E - CROUSE’S, is _ _rfa disregard of your own inter- HfcfcK l .JfiSfe esl that is wholly inexcusable. Ea Having had a long experience in thenPm business, he now flatters himself that he can always exhibit to those wishing to purchase any article in his line, a stock not excelled in variety and quality by any other establishment in the county, and his prices are guaranteed not to exceed those of Baltimore city, or nnv other place in the State. MhU Don't mistake the place, one hundred yards east of the Railroad, on Main street, I nearly opposite the new Catholic Church, : Westminster. 1 may 21 JOHN H. BOWERS KEEPS constantly on hand and for aale, at his Store, | “CENTRAL HALL,” | nearly opposite the new Catholic Church, a ! full assortment of i BUILDERS’ HARDWARK, J Hardware Generally, Oils and Paints, H I Leather of all kinds, * I Groceries, Provisions. „ , Willow and Cedarware. | All the above goods will be sold at low rates it j and will be delivered free of charge at the Railroad Depot, or any other point tha h town of Westminster, e JOHN H. BOWERS, r nearly opposite the Catholic Church, mar 18 e -r- BOOT AND SHOE MAKING I THE undersigned it prewired to famuli lodies', Men’s and Children's BOOTS AND SHOES ~ I at the shortest notice, of the best material ! and t reduced prices. All work guaranteed, j JOHN BERNSTEIN, Opposite the office of Croat * Reifsnider, Westminster, Md. sept 14. Littlestovu Livery Stable Enlarged. , /fallow SI., nest door la MttkodM Chunk, with lumatul FaHUHa. \\T K will be pleased to accommodate the TT public. Horses bought, sold and ex changed. Daily Passenger and Mail Lino from Westminster to Gettysburg. For Seals. 4c., apply nt Central Hotel, Westminster, or - Harris House. Gettysburg. JOHN SPALDING, nor 30-tf Ageut. t Look Hers! CIABDB, Circulars, Programmes, Shipping J Tigs, Bill Hands, in fact everything re quired in the Printing line can be obtained at the Abtocit* Office. (an 4 I pkxtox usmt. J. r. oaxxoonrr. ! PRODUCE DEPOT, .17 THE RAILROAD, WESTMIN STER, MARYLAND TT A VINO Icxaacd the large and commodi ! XX oiw Warehouse (formerly occupied by ; J. T. Orendorff), wo are now prepared to purehaNe | FLOUR. WHEA T, RYE, OA TS , CORN and COUNTRY PRODUCE of all descriptions. Alao to receive and for ward PRODUCE AND GOODS of all kinds. They also keep constantly on hand a large and full stock of GROCERIES, 1 WHOLESALE AND RETAIL, | Flour, liaeon, Feed, Grain, Salt. Fish. Ac., together with Spades, Shovels, Hoes. Rakes and Farmers* and Gardeners’ Implements generally. Also GUANO AND FERTILIZERS of all descriptions; and in fact all articles in our line. With long experience and by strict attention to business we hope to receive a liberal share of the public patronage. DENTON OKHR. ja 81-ly J. T. ORENDORFF. PRANK K. UKKK, NAMCKI. K. HHI. ( MANUPAUTURKKS OF I Coiuiies, Curriages, Buggies, Jng. K*p Wagons, PluutoiiH, Ar. ALSO HORSE KHOERS And Blacksmith* in (Jenernl. Special attention given to Repairing. All orders promptly filled and work of every kind warranted. Naff" Factory opposite Montour House. Main street, Westminster. Md. se 14-ly Central Drug Store, OPPOSITE CATHOLIC CHURCH, I Main Street, Westminster, Md., ! DR. E. D. WELLS & BRO., PROPRIETORS. DR. WELLS, having had several years experience in the practice of Medicine, feels confident that he can meet the wants of the community for MEDI CINE avh MR PRF.PA RATIO NS. The Prescription Department, he iiigunder the esiiecial charge ofDr. Wells, will receive his careful attention. A full as sort men t of Toilet Articles, Perfumery, Washes. Powders, Dyes, Tooth and Nail Brushes. Also a full supply of Pat l cut Medicines. je22-ly |FALL GOODS! FALL GOODS!! David E. Miller, 9 H ASiust returned from Philadeldhia an*, Baltimore with a full line of FA LI AND WINTER DRY GOODS AND NOTIONS. Our stock is complete, embracing a full assortment of Shawl*, I>pok* Gooda, ( loth*, C’hk- Himem, Fancy Goo<lh & Notion*. A call is solicited, as we are confident that our stock and prices cannot fail to give satis faction. ept 28 D. E. MILLER. HOME BIIUTTLE SEWING MACHINE. PRICE ONLY $37.00. THE Simplest, Cheapest Lock Stitch Sew ing Machine in Market. ALSO The American Button Hole Over- Seaming and Complete Sewing Machine. The first and only Button Hole and Sewing Machine combined that has made its advent in this or any other country. Works a beautiful eyelet hole. Very sim ple and runs very light and almost noiseless. Too* Premium at ouh law State Fair. l®*Office next door to “Montour House,’’ Westminster, Md. F. H. BUELL, jan 4- ly Agent for Carroll county. HEAD QUARTERS FOR PAINTS. OIL. GLASS, BRUSHES.) AND MIXED PAINTS OE ALL KINDS. HOUSE AND SIGN PAINTING AND GRAINING War DONE AT THK SHORTEST NOTRE CALL O.H F. I). SANFORD, (Basement,) First National Bank, at the Depot. Westminster, Md. may 2My HUGH DOYLE TT AS jurt received from Baltimore the beet XX and finest selected Stock of Lodiea’, Gentlemen's, Misses' and Children's BOOTS AND SHOES ever offered in this market. Also a large sup- Pbr of Overshoes. All of the above Stock will be sold at reasonable prices for cash, nod satisfaction guaranteed. All work warranted or repaired free of charge. Alao a lot of Boots mid Shoes of my own manufacture, of the best material, nt RE DUCED PRICKS. Remember the place, Main street, near the Catholic Church. ; West End Jewelry Store. I* A. WAGONER RESPECTFULLY informs the citizens of Carroll county and vicinity, that be is • constantly receiving new and beautiful goods from New York, consisting of WATCHES, either Amer ienn or Foreign; Sterling i Silver Ware, Plated Ware, Spoons. Jtc,, Rings of all patterns. Watches repaired in the best manner and warranted. Silver and Gold Plating done with promptne#K I and dispatch. Sewing Machinex of every make on hand ; hlho repairing done. Give me a call at I am determined to ell. , June 9 NOTICE. . T HAV B this dav adopted n new rule in my A business. 1 will give strict personal at , tention to nil work in my line intrusted to my core, and will guarantee satisfaction in all my work. I have a very fall stock and assort ment of WALL PAPER, • * l TV?' 0 * "h prices; also OIL CLtITH : WINDOW SHADES and FIX r I CKKS, nil low for cash. WILLIAM COON, Westminster, January 11, 18T3-Iy Well Stocked. I T H m E I * r **! t V, b *? • n<l mutl fashionable ■ -A Trpa, suitable for the most delicate Card I or tha largaat Poster, can ha found at the An- TOCATV Office. j„ n 4 J. MORTIMER HURLEY, PROP. OF MtSIC, 18 giving instruction on the Pbiw, liWin, Guitar, Clnriutl, Ftutt, t on* Thorough Han. at oukati.t huh tn> HATH*. 8 VHR TKRH, tIH 180 rt SC'BOLAHTII VtUB. | PIANO TUNING $l6O. Also agent for Wh, Kxabc A Co’b. crf3*TjD CELEBRATED PIANOS : E. P. Nibdham A Sos a Lnnvnl 1 . • led ORGANS. Particular attention paid to the selection of Instrument*. ..... ... For particular* inquire at A. H. Huber a Drug Store, or Wheeler's Hotel. “•- DENTAL NOTICE. DR. GEO. S. FOUKK, Dentist, offer* hi* . services at hia Office. Westminster —every Monday, Tuesday and Emmfttsliurg— Fourth Wednesday After noon till Thursday Afternoon. Mechanlostown —Fourth Thurwliy After noon and Friday. Rocky Ridge—FSrat Wednesday Afternoon. . Double Pipe Creek—First Thursday. Middleburg —First Friday. Union town—Second Wednesday Afternoon, j Taneytown —Second Thursday Afternoon ' and Friday. Union Bridge—Third IN eduesday Afternoon and Thursday Forenoon. New Windsor—Third Thursday Afternoon and Friday Forenoon. feb 28 CROUT & REIFSNIDER, A TTORNEYS-A TLA If AND SO " LICITORS IN CHANCERY , WESmiXSTKR, HD. WF. have formed n copartnership in the practice of leaw in the Courts of Car roll and Howard counties, and will promptly attend to all business entrusted to our care. Particular attention paid to Collections and procuring Decrees for the sale of Heal Estate. Also, Applications Filed for Back Pay and ; Bounty due heirs of deceased soldiers. I Office adjoining the residence of Chap. T. j Rkipsxider. no 80-tf R. B. NORMENT, ATTOIt XE r .1 TL.I IT OFFICE on Main street, two doors west of Court, Westminster, respectfully informs the citizens of Carroll and adjoining counties that he will give prompt attention to all busi ness intrustl'd to him. both before the Courts of this State and the Departments of the (ieneral Government at Washington. D. C. Practices in the Courts of Bankruptcy, jan 4, 1873. WM. M. MERRICK, J. J. RAC XU ART* KR. Merrick & Baumgartner, A TTORNEYS-A TLA IT AND SO 'LICITORS IN CHANCERY. H AVE associated to practice their profes . sion in the aoveral Conti ia GturoU county. Their Office is at the resilience of Mr. Baumgartner, in Westminster, Md. Mr. Merrick will be in Westminster during the Term of the Courts, and at such other times as business may require; he may also be con sulted at his Office, No. 17 St. Paul street, Baltimore Man*land. nov 28-tf ABNER NEAL, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE AND .I TTQRNEY-A T LA If. Office at the Court House. HE will attend especially to obtaining Do crees for the settlement of estates oi deceased persons, Ac. Deeds, Wills and all Instruments of Writing prepared. Charge, moderate. dec 5-tf JOIIX E. SMITH. WM. A. M*KKIJ,ir. SMITH & McKELLIP, A TTORNEYS-A TLA If AND SO LICITORS IN CHANCERY, HAVING formed a partnership in the prac tice of will give prompt attention 1 to all business entrusted to their care. Office on Main street a few doors east of' Court street. dec 5-ly | A. K. SYESTER. JA3. A. C. BOND, i SYESTER & BOND HAVE associated themselves in the prac 1 lice of Law in Carroll county amt the several Coarts of this State. Mr. Byester will visit Westminster when business requires it. Office corner Main and Court streets. :p U WM. P. MaULPBT. C. B. ROBERTS, MAULBBY & ROBERTS, A TTORNEYS-A TLA If AND SO LICITORS IN CHANCERY. Wkbtmibbthi, Mn. •of* Office directly opposite the Court House. IHABC K. riABHOI, B, ISAAC K. l-tAUSOS, JR I. E. PEARSON & SON -1 TTORNEYS-A T LA If WIM, promptly und carefully tltend to all kind of business in any of llie Courts in this State. Office opposite Westminster Hotel, Main street, Westminster, Md. dec 12-ly W. W. DALLAS, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. OF KICK at his Residence, on Green street, Westminster Md. feb 24-ly* | DANIEL G. WRIGHT, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. I Office 87 Lexington street, Baltimore, Md - nov 18, 1869 DR. W. K. PRINGER HAS removed bis Office to the house op fH>site the residence of Dr. J. W. Hering, j Main Street, Westminster. up 6-tf. DR. J. H. BILLINGSLEA IS still actively engaged in the practice of Medicine. Wf . two . doors of lhc residence i of John L. Reifsnider, Esq. aug I'J-tf j DR. LEONARD ZEPP, XT AVISO located alike East End of West AA minster, offers his professional services t to the public. When not engaged may he found at his office or residence, one door west of Stansbury's Hotel. may 6-0 m JOHN T. DIFFENBAUGH, < A UCTIONEER, 1 WESTMINSTER, Md„ will gi,e e.pecial 1 * v attention to the sale of Personal Pro perty und Ileal Estate. Engagement* may be made at thi* office, feb U-tf 0 MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE CO. OF CARROLL COUNTY. OFFICE, WESTMINSTER, MV. a J ■ . HERING, President • RICHARD MANNING, Secretary and Treasurer. JOHN T. DIFFENBAUGH, * General Agent, Westminster, Md. >R J. Oliver Wsdlow, Agent, Freedom, Cur y roll county, Md. j a „ n ., f WILLIAM MOORE WESTMINSTER, MD., DEALFsR in Watches, „ —,| Clocks and Jewelry, X keeps constantly on hand ami tSimmS6h for sale at lowest prices. Gold and Silver American and Swiss Watches. Solid Silver Ware, Silver • Elated Ware for Wedding Pres ents, Rogers’ A1 hat a Forks, Spoons. kc. t Ice Pitchers, Casters, Cake j Dishes, Ac., Ac. . * Agent for Spencer's Diamond Spec laclea, best glass now in use. may 11 GARDEN BRED. THE Hollock k Robinson’s Garden Heed, fresh and new, of all kinds, just received . *>y . I>. W. HOUCK, 5 frb Houchsville, Md. To get handsome printing of every descrip tion, call at the A nvocATt Omcr. A. H. HUBER, Is>. ii, CARROLL Ha. , DEALER IN Foreign and Domestic Drugs, PA TEXT MEOIViXEs, PERFUMERY, c KEEI’B constantly on hand stock of the purest "™ll, DKUGS AND CHEMICALS, liesidee the most popular PATENT MEDICINES IN THE MARKET. Parties will find, au examination, | assortment of * FANCY AKTICLKfi XBl) I’KRPUMERY war Especiel attention paid to Ph..U,„. Orders and Prescriptions. “Hq Rprll 22- ly TAXES FOR 1878. VUE heavy enongli without paying 1,1.1, . prices for everything yon liny. Aiimv cutting this fact the undersigned isdetermnL to prove that the “Coth Sjatm" will j,,,,-?' “Qniek Salts and "Small I'roJUt." l*adte*', Misses' and Children’s Shoes Men’s and Hoy's Boots, .Shoes and Hats I Reduced 10 per cent, to suit hard limes China, Glass, Qncensware and Housekeeping Goods of every kind, the largest and bAt stock in the city of Westminster. Woodenware. Willowware, Tinware. Stone ware, Fine Japanned Ware,Knives,Forks Spoons, Clocks, IxHiking Glasses Taffle Oil CMolhs. Linen and Paper Window Shades and Fixtures, Ac. Choice Syrups, Teas, Roasted and Green Coffees, Sugars, Spices, Extracts, Fls fences, Soaps, and everything in the Grocery Line. Fine Silver Plated Ware, such as Canton Cake Baskets, Can! Receivers, Butter ’ Dishes, Napkin Rings, Butter Knives, Forks. Simons, Ac., guaranteed Triple Plated and at Baltimore prices. FXpocial attention is called to my Hoke Department, ns I intend to sell everything in this line at prices that will defy competition No trouble to show goods arid give price* whether you wish to purchase or not. An examination of my stock is solicited, mar 27-t r W. 0. LIOOBT. TO CORN GROWERS. J. J. TURNER & CO.’S Ammoniated Bone Soper-Ptaphte. ANALYSIS Ammonia „ 2.8 J Soluble Phosphate of Lime 29.61 Bone Phosphate of Lime -10.67 Composed of the most concentrated materials, it is richer in Ammonia and Soluble Fhoi phates than any other F’ertiliser sold, except oar F'XCELSIOR, and is made with wm? care and supervision, uniform quality gnarsu teed; fine and dry, in excellent order for drilling. Packed in bags and barrels. PRICE SSO PER TOM. J. J. TURNER A CO., 42 Pratt Street. Baltimore. FOR SALK BY i Grimes A Stouffer, Westminster, Md. Zimmerman A .Shultz, Svkesville, Md. ; W. H. 11. Dorsey, Ml. Airy, Md. I Samuel F.. Grove, Bidgcville, Md. McComas A Bro.. Hood's Mill. Md. F*. A. Talbott, FDlicotl city, Md. Biggs A Albaugh. Ri>ckv )tilge, Md. Win. H. Todd, Utica Mills, Md. Thos. F. Cover. Double Pipe Creek. Md. mar 22•■‘tin Westminster Hotel, CIORNF.II Main and Court J Streets, Westminster, Car | roll county, Md. The under i signal having leased this ■ 1 known Hotel, and the same having been thoroughly repaired with many improvement* and refitted generally, takes this method of informing the citizens of Carroll and adjoin ing counties and the traveling public, that no effort on his part shall be wanting to make them that favor him with a call os comfortable aa possible. The table shall be as good a§ this market affords. The bar stocked with pure and unadulterated Liquors; waiter* at tentive and polite, ami charges moderate. A eall is respectfully solicited. Good und reliable Ostlers a specialty, mar 16 tf F. I. WHEELER. i 11 _ MENS’_W ARE. SPRING STYLES FOR 1873. WK have iust received from London, England, by onr own importation, a ' line of.newest patterns of Cloths, Cassimers and Vestings, consisting of H 8 different styles, to which we 1 call the attention of buyers of Fine Goods, s* 1 we will sell them much lower than retailer* ; in the City. j mar 29 H. L. NORRIS A CO. Thoroughbred Alderney Cattle COWS, HEIFERS. f! ALio i HEIFER AND BULL CALVES, v i SOUTH DOWN SHEEP, BERKSHIRE PIGS. For sale at (Hover Hill Stock Farm, Finks* burg, Carroll conntjr, Mil. e I fcb Btf LEWIS 11. COLE. Butchering Notice. THE undersigned desires to Htate that he still continues to butcher all kinds of .Stock at his Establishment in Westminster, d and will continue so to do. but that on and i- Rfter January Ist, 1878, will sell Meats for the CASH ONLY. JACOB M. MORELOCK. Westminster, Jan. lit, 1878, lyr* MANSIUV IIOISE HOTEL. | Xorihttut rorner EnyttU and St. /W Sit., OrrOSITK HAILStM's CITY HOTKI., BAT.TIMORE. 1 ; Isaac Alberston, Proprietor. I War This ia one of the most pleasant and { central locations in the citj. Taana $1,60 per day. ! may 7-ly NOTICE. rPHE undersigned hereby gives notice that r A. he has been appointed General Agent of the Carroll County Fire Insurance Company. All persons desiring to insure property (either T real or personal) in this Company, will please ■ oddress the Agent at Westminster, Md. All communications will receive prompt attention. JOHN. T. DIFFENBAUGH, aug 25-tf Agent. MONTOUR HOUSE J THE l,l| deraigned, lately from Hanover, A Pennsylvania, respectfully informs the public that he has opened the “Montour House” in this city, and respectfully solicit* ® share of patronage. J. R. DONNELL, estminster, dec. 9,187 My JOBEPHUB H. HOPPE, I. A GENT of the Fanners' Mutual Fire In d eurance Company of Dug Hill, Carroll county, Md. WOT Postoffice, Stonersville. mar 28- ly ’■ get nice Printing go to the Anvocirt

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