Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate, May 17, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of The Democratic Advocate dated May 17, 1873 Page 1
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$2 PER ANNUM. Select |)oHrfi. THE DEER HUNTERS. BY fl. S. BRIGHAM. ill purpling mists the day ig going, The gniiMet on the hilltops glowing ; ’Tis time to cell the dog*, Which worry the buck <m heather Hying; The echoen in the disUince dying. Hang on the Rtagnant bog*. Silent the horns on hill, in hollow, That on the deer-dog’s track did follow ; Slowly the daylight’s gleam Departs amid the grey of evening, Shadows arc thickly weaving, weaving, Along the running stream. No wigwam smokes, no dark eyed beauty By bracken tent now stands on duty, As when, with long halloo, The hunter home at night returning, Slow sought in dusk the camp-fires burning Paddling his birch canoe. No more the powwow’s orgies mingle With solemn hoot of owl in dingle; The ancient moccasins No longer track the Winter snows, The hanging spears in dust repose, The hns.h of night begins. Silence reigns where the drum and rattle Housed mimic wake and spectral battle, Extinguished altar fires On mounds which heroes had in keeping. No soldier guards, the bards are sleeping And broken are their lyres. The war-whoop’s wild alarm, unsaintly Startling the town, comes Imck but quaintly Out of the fading |>ast ; Where once the glossy plumes wore dancing, Files on the later man, advancing Where stalk grim shades aghast. The hunter sleeps, unbent the bow, The buck no longer tracks the snow Through lone Winooski's glen : Slow rust the spears, soil sown the arrows Where rake and break the iron tooth harrows By tents of other men. Dim, dim the old barbaric trail. And time and seasons thicker veil The stoncman’s shaft of stone; Each cold inscription blinder growing, With parting daylight going, going, Where night sita throned alone. imtorir Correspondence of the Richmond Dispatch. APPOMATTOX. True History of Gen. Lee's Surrender. “The situation" at Appomattox on tho Uth of April, 18(55, when General Ix*c sent a flag of truce to ask an interview with General Grant, was simply this: There were only 7,500 jaded, famished Confederates, with arms in their hands, nearly surrounded by eighty thousand Fed eral soldiers already in position, with rein forcements constantly arriving. Gordon fell back through the village and moved to meet an attack of Sheridan on tho flank, while General C’hambcrluync lead the ad vance corps of the Army of the dames into the Courthouse. A buttery of tho Richmond Howitzers, which had been en gaged at Big Bethel in 18G1. stationed in tho yard of Mr. Peers, on the extreme northeast corner of tho village, fired the last gun of the day, and withdrew as the blue waves were encircling it. The Fed eral picket line was advanced beyond the village, and that little band of heroic spirits seemed about to be immolated when suddenly the white fiug was displayed and the firing ceased. There have been pub lished so many sensational reports of the meeting between the two commanders that lam glad'to be able to refute them by giving UKN. LEK’a ACCOUNT OF WHAT OCCURRED, ns he gav# it to some friends at his house, in Lexington, but a few days before his last illness. He said that he had for duty that morning not eight thousand men, and that when he learned from Gordon that there was a heavy infantry force in his front, he decided to see General Grunt and ascertain tho terms upon which ho could end the contest. But before going to meet him he left orders with Longstrcet and Gordon to hold their commands in readiness, determined, us he was, to cut his way through. or perish in the attempt, if such terms were not granted as he thought his army entitled to deinuntf. Ho met Genera) Grant between the picket lines, in the open field, about two hundred yards below Appomattox Court-house. THE HISTORIC APPLE-TREE. “ You met under an apple-tree, did you not, (tenoral ?” asked a gentleman pres ent. “No, sir!” was the reply; “we did not meet under an apple-tree, and 1 saw no tree near. It was in an open field not far from the main road.” [This explodes the ‘‘historic apple-tree,” about which so much has been said. A gentleman who was within a few feet of the two generals when they met pointed out to mo the exact spot. The apple-tree, which was cut to pieces, and even tho roots of which were dug up and carried off by relic hun ters, was fully a quarter of a mile from tho place of meeting, and the only historic incident that could be attached to it was that General Lpe rested under its shade a few minutes wliilo waiting for the return of his flag of truce. The only tree any where near the place of meeting was a small locust thorn, which is still standing about twenty yards from the spot.] ENTBRVIEW HKTWEKN LEE AND ORA NT. General Lee said that when he met Gen. Grant they exchanged polite saluta tions, and he stated to him at once that he desired a conference in reference to the subject matter of their oorregpondenofe. ‘•General Grant returned you your sword, did he not, General ?” one of the company asked. The old hero, straightening him self up, replied in the most emphatic tones: ■“No. eir! he did not. He had no oppor tunity of doing so. I was determined that the side-arms of officers should be exempt by the terms of surrender, and of course I did not offer him mine. AH that was said about swords was that General Grant apologized to mo for not wearing his own sword, saying that it had gone oft in his bapjrago. and he had been unable to get it mmotmixt Aotioralf: -_-" in time/’ [This spoils a great deal of rhetoric about “Grant’s magnanimity in returning Loe's sword," and renders as ! absurd as it is false the attempt of north ern artists to put the scene on canvass or into statuary. Even Grant’s connivance at this so called “historic scene" will not save it, when the world knows that Oen. Robert E. Lee said nothing of the sort occurred.] General Lee stated in this conversation that he was accompanied when he met Grant only by Col. Charles Marshall, of his personal staff, who went with one of General Grant’s staff to find a suitable room in which to hold the con ference ; that they wore first shown to a vacant house, and declining to use that, were conducted by Major MoClean to his house and shown into his parlor. Oen. Grant was accompanied by several of his staff officers, and several of his generals (among them Sheridan and Ord) entered the room and participated in the slight general conversation that occurred. The two generals went aside and sat at a table to confer together, when General Lee opened the conversation by saying : “Gen eral, I deem it duo to proper candor and t rankness to say at the very beginning of this interview that I am not willing even to discuss any terms of surrender incon sistent with THE HONOR OP MY ARMY, which I am determined to maintain to the last. Grant replied : “I have no idea . of proposing dishonorable terms, General, but I would be glad if you would state what you consider honorable terms." General Lee then briefly stated tho terms upon which he would be willing to sur render. Grant expressed himself as sat isfied with them, and Lee requested that he would formally reduce the propositions to writing. Grant at once did so with a common lead-pencil, and handed the paper to Lee who read it carefully and without comment except to say that most of the horses wore the private property of the men riding them. General Grant replied that such horses would be exempt from surrender, and tho paper was then handed . to Colonel Badeau (Grant’s Secretary,) and copies in ink made by him and Col. Marshall. While this was being done j there were inquiries after the health of mutual acquaintances, hut nothing bearing I on the surrender, except that General Lee i said that he had on his hands some two , or throe thousand prisoners, for whom he | had no rations. Sheridan at once said; I “I have rations for twenty-five thousand I men.” General Grant having signed his note, | I General Lee conferred with Colonel Mar shall, who wrote his brief note of accept ance of the terms of surrender offered, | General Lee striking out the sentence “I i have the honor to reply to your eommuni j cation,” and substituting “I have received your letter of this date.” This terminated the interview, and General Lee rode back to his headquarters, * which were three-quarters of a mile north east of the Courthouse. 1 have thus given the substance, and, 1 for the most part, the exact language of General Lee's own account of the surren der. It will appear from this that a great deal that has been said about “grant’s magnanimity” I ill proposing terms of surrender, and Lee’s ’ “warm thanks for the liberal terms accord ' ed, originated simply in the imagination *j of the writers. The truth is, Grant pro -1 posed the only terms which Lee would have accepted; and he knew too well the 1 , mettle of that great captain and the heroic ' remnant of the army which had so often defeated him not to rejoice at an opportu ’ nity of covering himself with glory by ac ’ cepting almost any terms of surrender. I * ! have gathered a number of ' INCIDENTS OE THE SURRENDER which interested me and may be of inter -1 est to your readers. Soon after General 4 Lee left the McClcan House, owned by * the same gentleman at whose house, near * Bull Run, Beauregard had his headquar -1 ten* during the battle of July, 18, 1801, * Sheridan stalked in and said, rudely, “I 1 mean to have this chair ” —taking up one 1 of the chairs in which tho General had ’ signed the terms of capitulation, and ex- Minting at the same time a $2.50 gold* piece. Major MeClean replied, “That * | chair is not for sale, General. If you * choose to take it you have the physical power to do so.” “I mean to have it,” was the curt rejoinder; and the “Great 1 Bum-Burner” gave another proof of his skill in petit larceny. The table and * other chairs were in like manner carried r off by Federal officers as souvenirs, 1 As soon as the flag of truce was hoisted 4 on (Jordon’s lines the offensive General * Custar (“Miss Fanny’’) came riding fti * riously in to General Gordon, demanding * in his own name “unconditional surren -8 der.” Gordon drew himself up to hi* full * height, and with crushing dignity replied: 1 “I can hare no negotiations with you, sir; and if the settlement of this matter rested 1 between us there could be no negotiations ’ | hut by the sword." 4 1 As showing tho spirit of the men who 1 ! participated in the brilliant action that ' i morning it may be mentioned that many * of them crowded around the bearer of one 1 j of the flags of truce—a widely-known and ’ loved chaplain, who, since the capture of j his regiment at Spotsylvania Courthouse, i hud served with great gallantry on Oen. 1 | Gordon's staff —and eagerly asked if the enemy had sent in to surrender their force 1 on that road, thinking that in flanking us p Grant had pushed a part of his force too far. They had no dream that they were ’I to be surrendered. But gradually tho ’ truth broke upon them, and great was their chagrin when these high-mettled victors in the last battle of the Army of Northern Virginia learned that they must “yield to 1 overwhelming numbers and resources"— 1 that after all their marches, battles, vio ' tories, hardships, and sufferings, the cause * they loved better than life itself roust suc -1 eumb to brute force. Many bosoms heaved 1 with emotion, and 1 “Something on the soldiers' cheeks t Ws.hed off tho stain of powder, “ WESTMINSTER, MD. SATURDAY, MAY 17, 1873. After the flag of truce was raised a ; j Federal scout was shut through mistake by his own men. when trying to slop the firing, and a New York major, under the | influence of liquor, met his death by gal loping up to a Confederate battery and | demanding its surrender. The women and children of Appomat tox Courthouse had all left their homes , and during their return had to pass through | Custar’s cavalry. “Miss Fanny” himself , wts very rude to them', and permitted his men to kiss them ss they passed. Per contra it affords me pleasure to say that many of the Federal officer, and men were very courteous and considerate. The citizens of tho village speak in especially high terms of General Chamberlayne (since Governor of Maine,) who was delicately considerate of the feelings of the people, gentlemanly in his bearing, and generous towards the vanquished. When the arms were being slacked A GALLANT COLOR-BEAKER, ss be delivered up the tattered remnant of hia (lag, burst into tears and said to the Federal soldiers who received it: “Boys, this is not the first time you have seen that flag. I have borne it in the very fore-front of the battle on many a victor ious field, and I had rather die than sur render it now." “Brave fellow,” said General Chamberlayne, who heard the re mark, “I admire your noble spirit, and only regret that I have not the authority to bid you keep your flag and carry it home as a precious heirloom.” THE CALM DIGNITY OF OEN. LEE 1 amid these trying scenes, the deep emo tion with which tho men heard hia noble farewell address, and crowded around to ' shake his hand—how they were thrilled * by his simple words: “Men, we have fought through the war together. I have done my best for you. My heart is too full to say more.” Gordon's noble fsre -1 well speech—the tender parting of com ! fades who had been bound so closely to -1 gether by common hardships, sufferings, 1 dangers, and victories, and now, by this 1 tad blighting of cherished hopes, were all 1 vividly recalled as I gazed on the very •pots where they occurred, but arc too familiar to be detailed now. I was amused to learn that tho Federal ! soldiers and tourists not only carried off ; all of the “historic apple-tree," but a whole 1 apple-orchard as well, and was reminded of hearing of a gallant Richmond sldie.r • who sold to Northern visitors after his re -1 turn home WAGON-LOADS OF THE “ APPOMATTOX APPLE-TREE,” which ho regularly gathered from a Hen rico orchard. | I noted with much pleasure that the noble women of Appomattox have gather- I cd the Confederate dead into a neatly kept cemetery on the road to Appomattox Sta- I tion, not far from the grove in which Grant established his headquarters. ’ I cannot close litis sketch without quo ting the language of that splendid soldier and unconquerable patriot, Gen. Jubal A. ’ Early, in his noble oration on General Lee: “Finally, from mere exhaustion, leu than right thousand men, with arms in 1 their hands, of the noblest army that had ever fought ‘in all the tide of time,’ were surrendered at Appomattox to an army of one hundred and fifty thousand men; the sword of Robert K. Lee, without a blcm -1 ish upon it, was sheathed forever, and the I flag, to which he had added such lustre was furled, to be henceforth embalmed in the affectionate remembrance of those who had remained fathfui during all our trials, and will do so to the end.” I have never been a “relic hunter," (I I prize tho blanket under which I slept tho night of the first battle of Manassas,) but I plucked some chorus from the tree near which Lee met Grant which I pro- I pose to weave into a wreath of evergreen and immortelles, taken from General Lee's ' bier the day we laid him in the vault at Lexington, and to encircle them with the motto: ’ “The Thorns of Afpouattox covered 1 with the Immortelles and Evergreens of i Lee's last oreat victory.” 1 To Girls.— My pretty little dears, you . are no more fit for matrimony than a pullet t is to look after a family of fourteen chick- I cns. The truth is, my dears, generally | speaking, you Deed more liberty and lesa ' fashionable restraint; more kitchen and leas t parlor; more exercise and less sofa; more , making puddingaand less piano; more frank | nessandless mock modesty. Ilikeabuxom, ( bright-eyed, rosy-checked, bouncing lass, one who can darn stockings, make her own | frocks, mend trousers, command a regi l ment of pots, and shoot a wild duck as . well as the Duchess of Marlboro or the - Queen of Spain ; and be a lady withal in . tho drawingroom. But as for your pining, 1 moping, screwed-up, wssp-wsisted, putty : faced, music-murdering, novel-devuuring ; daughters of fashion and idleness, with ) your cousumplion-soied shoes, and silk i stockings, you won't do for wives and mothers. — Mrs. EUis' Lectures. )' • 1 t A Plea fob Industry. —God puts the f oak in the forest, and the pine on its sand 5 and rock, and says to men, “There are | your houses ; go hew, saw, frame, build, p make." God builds the trees men must build the house. God supplies the timber; men must construct the ship. God buries q Iron in tho heart of the earth; men must , dig it, and smelt it, and fashion it. What a is useful for the body, and still more, what 5 is useful for the mind, is to be had only B by exertion—exertion that will work men „ more than iron is wrought, that will shape r men more than timber is shaped. Clay a and rock are given, not brick and square , stones. God gives ns no clothes; he gives 3 us flax, and cotton, and sheep. If we . would have coats on our backs, we must . take them off our flocks, and spin them 3 sod weave them. If we would have any hing good or useful, we must earn it. I • He who pokes bis nose everywhere, will sometimes poke it between s thumb and 1 forefinger. things Abroad. i Correspondence of the N. Y. Obeerver. \ ALEXANDRIA AHD CAIRO, BY HENRY DAY, ESQ. OK THE N. V. HAH. Krom Naples to Alexandria, by kb, ia a ' delightful Mil, provided you can escape a 1 blow on the Mediterranean. Aa you aail I out of the harbor of Naples the view ia moat magnificent, and, indeed, I think the ' beat part of Naples ia the going in and ' coming out. The French steamers arc 1 very good and well manned. You leave Saturday afternoon, and early Sunday morning you paw clow to Slromboli, a volcano arising out of the mb and which is always in action. A few hours and you pass through the Straits of Messina, which arc only 3,400 yards wide, made classical by the marvelous descriptions of Homer and .Virgil. We saw nothing of the fabled terrors of the monster Scylla or the roaring Cbaryb dta. But, owing to volcanic action, navi gation may now be much more safe than it was in the days of Ulysses or ./Eneas. On the morning of the third day we come in sight of Candia or Crete, and the next day, at evening, the lighthouw of Pharos appears and we come to the port of Alex andria. Then comes the real view of for eign life and manners in the horde of the Arab and Nubian boatmen, clothed, in all the various costumes of Eastern climes. They take the ship by storm, and you may well give thanks after you are safely ashore and delivered from their hands. In 1842, Alexandria had 60,000 inhabi tants. Now it has about 300,000. Seven years ago it had no gaa and only one paved street. Now all its principal streets arc lighted and paved. Its harbor is not protected from westerly winds, and an artificial breakwater ia being constructed which in two years will enclose a harbor of 1,400 acres, with 30 feet of water. Twenty thousand concrete blocks, each of 20 lons weight, are to be deposited. A line of quays are next to be constructed, where the largest ships may load, and these are to be connected with the city and the interior of the country by the various lines of railways. A shoal also, which lies in the way of vessels entering the harbor, ia to be removed. A London firm of en gineers has undertaken all this great work. They have 40 steam engines and 2,000 men constantly at work. The break water, which is to be Kven feet above the ms level and one and a half miles long, is already more than half completed. It is a great undertaking, but the immense traffic of the Nile, which is constantly in creasing, will justify the expense. The exports of Egypt in 1871 amounted to 860,000,000, while 30 years ago the ex ports were only 810,000,000 ; 150,000 tons of cotton were exported in 1871, and the increase is about 33 per cent, annu ally. But, with all these evidences of pros perity, Alexandria is capable of vast im provement. It ia a city of filth. Most of its buildings are tumbling down. Noth ing seems finished. But a great obstacle in the way of all improvement is that most of the wealthy people arc foreigners and exempted by treaty stipulations from all kinds of taxes and tribute and from the jurisdiction of all civil courts in Egypt. There are 17 foreign consuls iu Alexand ria, exorcising judicial powen in all cases over persons of their own nationality; so that if a native has any claim against a foreigner he must bring his suit before a foreign consul fur determination. This ia a great drawback to the Viceroy, and he is endeavoring, in place of this consular authority, to have one court in Egypt having jurisdiction in all civil cases, and this court to be composed of five judges— one American, one Englishman, one Frenchman, and two Egyptians—and these judges to be appointed by their respective nationalities. This arrangement ia likely to he accepted by all concerned. It will give a great impetus to all great enter prises. As it is now, the Khedive cannot allow foreign corporations or capital to come in to build railroads, sugar manufac tories, canals, Ac., for the reason that all this capital, when invested, would be en tirely under the jurisdiction of foreign consuls in all eases of dispute between himself or his subjects, on the one hand, and the owners of such capital, on the other. When you consider how many and great corporations like railroads, it is easy to sec that the judicial authority of Egypt might be transferred, in a great measure, to foreign countries, were its great public works owned, to any extent, by foreigners. Cairo is about 130 miles south of Alex andria. It is one of the most singular and interesting cities in the world. It ia the meeting place of all nations. In its streets are men and women of all shades of color and all varieties of dress. It is really two cities united in one—an ancient and modern, an eastern and western. The western part of the city, reaching to the Nile, is entirely new and modern. Large, wide avenues are laid out, paved, guttered and lighted with gas and supplied with water. This part is being built with modem houses, with yards around them filled with tropical trees and flowers. Many old streets have been demolished, and new, wide and regular streets are be ing laid out and built up on the western side. When in this part of the city you can well imagine yourself in Chicago or some thriving Western city of the United States. On the eastern aide of this new part of the city is the Esbekeeyah—a large, beautiful peak, surrounded by an elegant stone and iron fence, containing an artificial grotto, lakes, fountains, walks ) trees and flowers, embracing all that is enchanting in Oriental scenery and pic turing before you the fairy like scenes of “Leila Kookh” or the “Arabian Nights.” Two years since, this park was a morass. In this part of the eity are many other squares or porks, with large circular mar ble fountains, and all baa such an air of life, enterprise and improvement that no | c one would, for a moment, suppose them- ( selves in one of the old Eastern cities of ’ the world. Here are located the hotels, a which arc filled with Americans and I Englishmen, and yon hear nothing but English spoken. Eveu the donkey boys will address you in English, and you seem more at home than you do in Paris. But ( pass across the street from Shepherd’s , Hotel, and there you will see the Bedouins J of Mt. Sinai loading their long train of j camels for the journey across the Desert, ( all arrayed in the costumes which these , nations have worn since the days of Abra- ( ham. At this spot the East and the West , come op face to face with each other. ] Pass on east for two minutes, and you arc ( buried in the narrow, crowded, confused , streets of Cairo, aa we have always , imagined it, filled with donkeys, camels . and crowds of men of all kindreds and , tongues under heaven, dressed in costumes . most diverse, and veiled women, with , bright silk pantaloons, or riding on don keys, and entirely enveloped in a black | silk balloon. As the carriage of some j ] pasha or the harem of some dignitary : comes along you will we it preceded by j two runners, dressed in white turbans, j flowing white robes bound at the waist with a bright rcarf and with a colored silk vest, holding a long rod in the right hand and clearing away for the carriage among the crowd. These runners are called sahis. They are exceedingly picturesque and very swift. They will run for hours as fast as any carriage will go, and every carriage in Cairo is obliged to have them to prevent accidents in the crowded streets. Here is Oriental life in all its glory; yet in these crowded baiaars you are sure to meet Americans and familiar faces. The most interesting people in Egypt are the Copts, who are the descendants of the original Egyptians. They were con verted to Christianity in the first century and have ever since continued to be Chris tians. They have churches in all the principal towns and cities of Egypt. Their form of service is very much like that of the Roman Church. They read the Scriptures every Sabbath in the origi nal Coptic, which is very much like the ancient Greek and is a dead language to the common people, who understand only Arabic. The same Scriptures are then read by another priest in the Arabic, so that the people may understand them. They give both elements tc the people at their communion. They reject the au thority of the Pope and elect their Patri arch, who is the highest dignitary in their Church. Their priests can marry, but the order of monks cannot. The Patriarch must be chosen from the monks. They have some good schools, which they sup port, in which are taught reading, writing, arithmetic, geography and history. I saw a clan of boys of fifteen years of age, in one of their schools, who read in English, French, German, Coptic, and Arabic, and translated from one language to the other. They parsed sentences in the English lan " guage as correctly as any scholars I have ever wen. The Egyptians have great fa cility for acquiring languages. There were at this school in Cairo 300 scholars, most of them as bright-looking children as you will we anywhere. They have also schools for the training of their priests in theology. Until recently, the Coptic lan guage was forbidden to be taught to the common people; but, as they now enjoy full liberty of education under the present Khedive, they are introducing their own native language again into all their schools. There arc about 560,000 Copts in Egypt, and they are the most hopeful class of people for missionary labor. They are free from the temptations and dreadful curse of polygamy. They call themselves Christiana. They read the Bible and hold to the must of great doctrines in their purity. It is among the Copts that the United Presbyterians have their schools and their missions and have done so much good du ring the last few years. Moat of the engi neers and employees on the railroads, offi cers in the army, and clerks in the govern ment offices, have been educated in these mission schools; and I was told by our Consul, Mr. Beardslee, that the Khedive acknowledged to him that if these persons should leave the offices they fill the Gov ernment Bureaus would have to be shut, and that Egypt was more indebted to the missionaries fur the education they were giving thau to all other nations together. The missionary house in Cairo, embracing a church and school-rooms, is situated on the Esbekeeyah, in a very central location, and is very valuable. I attended the ser vices of the missionaries here. There wore about 100 men and women preKnt. The women ait apart from the men, behind lattice-work screens. The mosques of Cairo, with their nu merous domes and minarets, aa seen from the citadel, preKnt a very beautiful pic ture ; hat all of them, on a more near in spection, are found to be rude, unfinished and coarse, having no architectural beauty except in the symmetry of their domes and minarets. The mosques of Sultan Hasaan and Mahomet Ali, at the citadel, are the only beautiful ones in Cairo. Con nected with the mosqne Ashar, the Mo hammedans have the principal university of the East and theological school, embra cing 9,000 pupils. The pupils are a fanat ical set, and it is not safe to visit them except under the protection of a soldier. The pupils are seated on mats, in an ex tensive covered piassa surrounding an open court—ten or a down around one professor, who ia reading and commenting on the Koran : each student having a copy before him and a metallic slate, for taking notes. These groups each having a teach er, who is often blind, are huddled together in clow proximity all around this immense piassa and in adjoining rooms. Each teacher talks loudly and the jargon and confusion seems endless, yet every group listens attentively to their own master. ■ Each country and province hat separate apartments and each apartment has its own f library. Thera are 300 professors, none of whom receive pay. They tench privately or copy books fur the menus of subsistence. You find among the pupils persons of all ages, even grey-liaited men, and people from all Eastern countries. Royal Egyptian Ladies. Madauie Farepa Rosa, during her re cent engagement in Egypt, paid a visit to . the Khedive’s harem in Cairo, and in a private letter to a friend in New York, gives a lively account of the fair members of the royal family. She writes: —“ Like all ladies visiting the harem, we were obliged to he dressed in gay colors, at they will not see any one in black, nor do they like dark dresses. A c were driven to the different palaces, hut I will describe the onq of Princess Said. You drive to the door of the outer court, and there all of a row sit about sixteen nr eighteen eunuchs, dressed like European gentlemen, but wearing ted turbans on their beads, with a great deal of jewelry. There is a heav ily wadded curtain of patchwork, must lovely, with a weight at one end ; that is lifted and you enter the yard of the harem; then you pass another thick and find yourself in a pretty garden, with flow ers and lots of orange trees overpowering you with scent; this garden, leading to the staircase of the house, is filled with girls from 13 to 18 or 20—some very lovely, others very ugly — dressed with a Jooso gown drawn in at the waist with a belt of bright colored cotton stuff, and a sort of little turban on the head of differ ent colored tarletons, very bright, with a flower stuck in the front prt of it for the slaves, and a beautiful jeweled branch for the ladies. They looked at os very curi ously, aud put their hands first to their lips, then to their foreheads, as a welcome. The room we were ushered into was about twice as large as Bteinway Hall, with a large bird cage in the middle, divans all round, and looking-glasses and two large tables. The slaves brought us a lighted pipe each, of two yards in length, all the stem wrought in gold, and the mouth piece of a targe piece of amber, attached to the pipe by a great row of diamonds in a gold flat ring setting. We smoked the pipes, they resting on small silver salvers laid on the floor to prevent the carpet burning. Then they brought us coffee in an exquisite little round cup without a handle, the cup being placed upon an egg cup (such as one uses in England for boiled eggs) of filagree of gold, all studded with diamonds. The adopted daughter of the Princess speaks a little French, and was very nice to us. Another Princess, the daughter-in-law of the Khedive, speaks perfect French, and kept me a long time talking. She was dressed in the highest Parisian fashion, a charming girl of 14, just married a few weeks ago tothe second son of the viceroy." Society in Hew England. A correspondent of the Montpelier , Vt, Patriot , furnishes the following, from Bris tol, Vermont, in reference to a very mean and repulsive phase of society in that part of New England. But not in New Eng land, alone, is this weak side of human nature presented. It is found, to a great er or lesser extent, everywhere, among soft-headed and ill-bred people. 11 The sports among the mountains consist chiefly in wood, tin and crystal weddings, say ing nothing about gold and silver weddings. Not the least of these happy gatherings which have recently transpired worthy of note, was the tin wedding of Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Colla mcr, the wooden wedding of Mr. and Mrs. Willard Daniels, and the crystal wedding of Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Ferguson. These wed dings have some peculiar features, not, per haps, pleating to all parties, aa they do not go out to hedges and ditches and compel the lame, the halt, and the blind, to come in to the feast. If the rule varies from the saying that birds of a feather flock together, it runs upward instead of downward. For instance, it is more natural and mote prclical for the inviting party to invest in stock above their level instead of that below, which is not at all reprehensible, for the aim of all should be on ward and upward. As regards second wed dings there is no doubt but they are a source of very much pleasure, and in many instances of substantial happiness. Favoritism is very much practiced among the mountains by the middle class of society. This class respect some individuals too much and others too little. In both instances they make asses of themselves; in one case they fawn over their superiors and fall to kissing their feet, and endeavor to force upon them favors which are peremptorily declined. Cir cumstances alter cases But yesterday I was poor and little respected; to-day a fortune tell to me, and lo and behold many friends came unto me—they had always seen many good things in me. “ Come and bring your wife to my house and make us a good visit. Come, take a drink, and haveacigar. Oyes, come along, you arc entirely welcome.” “ But, ray dear sir, why all this fawning to day when but yesterday yon asked several in my presence to eat, drink, and be merry with you, but didn’t notice me? lam of no bet ter flesh and blood to-day than I was then.’ ’ This reminds me of what a certain Chase heir said the other day: ” When I get my share 1 will let some folks know in that 1 am just as good as they are, and can wear just aa good clothes at they.” A monied man was asked by Mr. B. one day last week, if he could lend him a hundred dollars for approv ed paper. The lender Mid he bad not got it, and did not know where it could be obtained. A few hoars later Mr. C. went to a money lender and asked him to lend him a hundred dollars. “O yes,” said Mr. Lender, “I shall be most happy to accommodate you." 8o the money was forthcoming. The gist of the story it that C. borrowed the money for 8., C. being a favorite before whom shrine the money lender bowed. This it no fiction, and actually occurred in our mountain home. Favoritism it of every-day occurrence, even in our social gatherings, and ia manifested mostly by the middle class of society. Dis tinction in society is well, and it must neces sarily exist, but itis positively ridiculous when it is manifested in one and the same grade of society. The failing it in drawing the line of distinction between the different grades of humanity.” —Vermont Patriot. The deference paid to wealth, indepen dent of and apart fiem moral or intellec tual worth, is one of the strongest evidences of human frailty. It ia also a mark of vulgarity, an unfailing index of littleness of head and heart, and a meanness and sordidness of son), wherever found. A citisen of Salem, New Jersey, thus sketched society in that locality, to the writer of this article: Said he—lf A, who possesses 85,000. ia talking with B, the possessor of 810,000, and C, who possesses 820,000. comes up, B’t hack is turned rn A in an instant, while C. receives court,, and is the object of his most ob sequious attention, and often of his fawn ing sycophancy. Society, thus constitu ted, is beneath the contempt of truly well bred and refined people. A pretentious puree-proud wretch, who swells and plumes himself upon his wealth, advertises the world that while his puree is full, his head is empty. Really genteel and refined peo ple, are plain and unassuming, aver more courteous to those who move u non a plain below themselves, unless, Indeed, such per sona are rude, and repel the civilities of fered them in the ordinary courtesies of life. VOL. VIII.-NO. 27. (Our (Olio. Life Under the Ocean Ware. ' As every nun carries within hituaelf an | inner self, a hidden life, that caaual ae-1 quaintauccs know nothing of, ao the ocean ' liaa within it* bneom a life which ia never revealed except to long acquaintance and an almost loving familiarity. It has a life more multitudinous, quite as wonderful, 1 and nut lew beautiful thau that of the 1 land. Ita mountains rise higher than Mount Blanc. Its valleys and gorges are unequalled by those of the lyebanon, the i Pyrenees, or even the Himalayas. It has ; great steeps and immense plains, which rival those of North America or Central Asia. It has grand illimitable forests, which the eye of man has never discerned, and never shall in their entirety—forests that are fuller by far of busy life than the most prolific of the tropica. “ The terres trial forests,” says Charles Darwin, “do not contain any thing like the number of animals that those of the sen do.'-'. The surface of the waters, which, plowed by storms, are such a source of dread to man, are the protection of these children of the mother ocean. At 550 fathoms there is a I perfectly uniform temperature, the same in all latitudes. No cold pierces this won ; derful coverlet, no storm ever disturbs the waters beneath. Here in their hidden home, safe from the disturbances of this upper life, are myriads of creatures, living, manying, dying; warring one upon the other; organising into kingdoms, repub lics, families; working in every form of manufacture, as spinners, weaven. archi tects, builders; endowed with mysterious instincts which are quite as wonderful in their way as our higher reason, and bound | together by mysterious ties which we are equally unable to comprehend or call in I ; question. So true is it that the mysteries i i of science far outweigh those of morals 1 j and theology. These inhabitants of the sea are found - in absolutely countless number. No cen -1 sus of old Ocean's population ever has 1 been taken, or ever can be. They exist , in all waters, the hut as well as the I cold, tlie fresh as well as the salt. The i mariner in the tropic soa is startled to find I I the ocean all about him growing luminous, I as though the very water beneath the hot , equatorial sun had turned to flame. Flash • es of vermilliun-eolorcd light dart from the ' keel of his vessel as it plows the surface of - the waters, and streams of light like light * ning sparkle and play upon its waves. If, [ overcoming his auperstitioaa fears by grow , ing accustomed to the sight, he drops a I bucket into the luminous sea, he brings up what seems less like water than like molten loud. It lights the forecastle like 1 a torch. He plunges his band into the i water. It comes out covered with lumi | nous particles glittering like diamonds full . of light. Mow innumerable must be these . almost infinitesimal glow-worms of the sea, i I thus to convert the ocean into a sea of • light! : Sometimes these tiny creatures tint in stead of illuminating the sea. Insects . whose diameter is leas than that of a hair, . 300 of whom placed in a line would not | make ao inch in length, whiten the waters - of the ocean by their presence, and make j. what the Dutch sailors call the Milky Sea, . or Sea of Snow. In 1854, in the Bay of ; Bengal, Captain Kingman passed for thir t ty miles through the middle of a large > patch of sea, white with these creatures. ; Thirty miles of animalcules 300 of whom . would hardly constitute an inch! Sea ' men sometimes meet with “ red fogs,” es- I pecially in the vicinity of the Cape de V'erd Islands. -Ehrenberg has examined i this fog with his microscope. He finds ‘ that ita tint is given to it by infinitesimal ; shells of infusoria, brought by the winds ; from the coasts of South America. Let r the reader imagine, if he can, how many ’ of these shells, so small as to be quite in | visible to the naked eye, there must be - to produce a cloud large enough and dense 1 enough to perplex the navigator. ■ Nor, are the plants less minute or less ' numerous? Preyoinct and Turret!, when . on board the corvette La Creole in the ! neighborhood of Tajo, in the Isle of Lnean, observed an extent of thirty-five square | miles of ocean tinted a light red. This . color proved to be due to the presence of ’ a marine plant so small that in a square inch there were 25,000,000 individuals. > As the coloration extended to a consider \ able depth, it would be impossible to form > any adequate conception of their number, still less to calculate it. It is the presence . of a similar natural dye which has given | to the Bed Sen its name. These minute [ objects, however, are by no means confined r to the surface of the sea, or to tropical cli - mates ; they are found in ail latitudes and ' in all waters. The great rivers teem with them. The Ganges transports in the I course of one year a mam of invisible in fusoria equal in volume to six or eight of the great Pyramids of Egypt. Water [ brought up from the depthsof 21,600 feet, i between the Phillipinc and the Marianne f islands was found to contain 116 species. In the Arctic regions, where the intense cold forbids all other animal life, the in , fnsoria are still to be found, possessing a r hardy constitution which defies all di -1 mates. In the residuum of blocks of ioe nearly fifty different species have been db # covered. At a depth of the sea which . exceeds the height of the loftiest moun > tain, Humboldt asserts that there are to ! be found ao innumerable phalanx of ani j male, imperceptible to the human eye.— s Harper’e Magazine Jot May. Immense white sunshades—small cir . cus tents, in fact—are the correct thing - for fashionable demoiselles who intend to * visit the seaside this season. I - f 5 A Kansas paper describes a man as be _ ing ‘‘as sociable as a batch of candidates , two weeks before election.’ 1 * Mrs. Jones says her husband is a three handed man—right band, left baud, and a . little behindhand. Marvels of the Seep Sea. ■ ■ Wpv The London Timet, reviewing Dr. | Wyvffle Thomsons aooonnt of the dredg ing cruises of Her Majesty 's ships Poreu pine sud Lightning, during the summers of 1868, 1869 and 1870, summarises ss 1 follows : The nether darkness, then, ao far from being a lifeless waste, teems almost every where with creatures not only more fan tastic, but larger than tbeir shallow water cousins; and the paddier about rook-pools and tide-lands at watering places will learn from this book that far away at sea, over that 10 fathom line to the westward which marks the ancient shore of the European continent, are found sea monsters far bigger, as well as far uglier and far more beautiful than wen ever transferred to an aquarium; that, to give two instan ces, the caprella, “the phantom shrimp,” which may be found on seaweed, sitting upright like a monkey, holding on by his hind claws, and, with ghastly grimaces, mesmerising all passers-by with hit fore claws, sits in like guise upon sponges a mile or two deep in the darkness—there, however, not a quarter of ao inch, but three inches long; and that the Nymphone —sea-spiders who crawl out from under stones, and who, haring no body to speak of, carry their stomach, for economy of •pace, packed in long branches up the in side of each leg—are found in the depths of the Arctic Sea, not, as here, half an inch, but two feet in diameter. It is impossible to give even a sketch of . the loological treasures which have been brought to light by these cruises of the Lightning and Porcupine, not forgetting those of the Swedish naturalists and of the yacht Nona, whose owner, Mr. Marshall Hall, we hope may be emulated by other yachtsmen. Among their discoveriea are , tr uc worms, sea-urchins, starfish, including , the magnificent and novel Brimiga, worthi ly named after the goddess Freya’s favorite I jewel, Orinoids (“stalked flowers of living •tone",) corals, and above all, sponges of > forms either new or till now known only t as fossil or, strangely enough, as inhabi . tents of shallow water. Bnt the strangest , as well as the most beautiful inhabitants I of the deep-sea oote are the glassy sponges. in which tbe skeleton is cAmpoeed, not of ’■ homy fibres, ss in the sponges of our dras sing rooms, but of flexible flint, often more , delicate than the finest spun glass. The - best known of these is the Venus' flower bssket, or EupleoteUs, which Uvea imbed ded in the mud of the seas of the Philip pines. supported by a glass {HO “ standing , up round it like a Queen Elisabeth's ruff.” , Twenty yean ago there wss but one known i specimen in Europe. It may now be , bought for thirty shillings, or las, in any , curiosity shop; and it is strange that this , —one of the most exquisite, both in form I and texture, of all natural objects—is not , oftener seen, even already, os a drawing room ornament. EquaQy curious, even ■ more pnxzling in ita construction, is the glass rope sponge, or Hyslooema, which . roots itself in the mud by a twisted wisp , of strong flint needla, somewhat on the principle of a screw-pile. So strange and . complicated is its structure that turned ( men for a long while could literally make . neither head nor tail of it, as long as they had only Japanese spec! mens to study, p Which was top and which was bottom, . which was the thing itself, and which par , asites growing on it; whether it was sponge, or a soophyte, or something elae, could not , be settled, and is in some men’s minds . scarcely settled now. But the discovery . of the same, or a closely allied species, in . abundance from the Butt of the Lews I down to Setubal, and on the coast of Par , tags!, where the shark fishers call it “sea I whip," has given our mratu specimens , enough on which to make up their minds, and haa added another form to the list of , those common, strangely enough, to our seas and to those of Japan. Scarcely leas , beautiful and strange are the HoHeniaa , end their cognate forma—hollow sponges built up of glassy spicules, and rooted in , the mud by glass hairs, in some cases be tween two sad three feet long, os flexible and graceful as truces of snow-white silk. Domestic Scandal. Under this caption the Lynchburg iVews furnishes us the following, which may hit just in the mildest possible manner Ke where in tbia community, and in every other community. Bud it: There ia one foible among housekeep ers that cannot be too severely reprobated. 1 It is a contemptible itching for a knowl edge their neighbor's aflaira. This curiosity leads some to encourage and listen to tbe scandalous prattle of their own eer vante, concerning the domestic affairs of 1 other families in which they have ban 1 employed. Servants are always ready to taka ad , vantage of tbe slightest advance towards familiarity on the part of the mistress, and when they find one weak enough to relish ' a recitation of tbe vieu and folliu of 1 others, the appetite will always be minis tered to, so long as a prolific brain can 1 coin a falsehood. Mietrames should re collect that while enooaraging this pne ' tioe, that their own household affairs will probably be served up, with no leas txag ' geration or defect, whenever their domea tics pea into another family. And where ‘ is the remedy for this evil? It lies in the hands of every head of s family. This ' tattling tendency should be stopped at the listen to the scandalous catalogae of private weakness or error woe accompanied by t ***** _ . A r#w M

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